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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

(Mark One)

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended   March 31, 2024

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                        to

Commission
File Number

   

Exact Name of Registrant
as specified in its charter

State or Other Jurisdiction of
Incorporation or Organization

   

IRS Employer
Identification Number

1-9936

EDISON INTERNATIONAL

California

95-4137452

1-2313

SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA EDISON COMPANY

California

95-1240335

EDISON INTERNATIONAL

SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA EDISON COMPANY

2244 Walnut Grove Avenue

2244 Walnut Grove Avenue

(P.O. Box 976)

(P.O. Box 800)

Rosemead, California 91770

Rosemead, California 91770

(Address of principal executive offices)

(Address of principal executive offices)

(626) 302-2222

(626) 302-1212

(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)

(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Edison International:

Title of each class

Trading Symbol(s)

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common Stock, no par value

EIX

NYSE LLC

Southern California Edison Company: None.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

Edison International

Yes  No 

Southern California Edison Company

Yes  No 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).

Edison International

Yes  No 

Southern California Edison Company

Yes  No 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company," and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-12 of the Exchange Act.

Edison International

   

Large Accelerated Filer

   

Accelerated Filer

   

Non-accelerated Filer

   

Smaller Reporting Company

   

Emerging growth company

Southern California Edison Company

Large Accelerated Filer

Accelerated Filer

Non-accelerated Filer

Smaller Reporting Company

Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Edison International

Southern California Edison Company

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).

Edison International

Yes  No 

Southern California Edison Company

Yes No 

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer's classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date:

Common Stock outstanding as of April 23, 2024:

Edison International

384,753,060 Shares

Southern California Edison Company

434,888,104 Shares

TABLE OF CONTENTS

SEC Form 10-Q

Reference Number

GLOSSARY

iv

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

1

MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

4

Part I, Item 2

MANAGEMENT OVERVIEW

4

Highlights of Operating Results

4

2025 General Rate Case

6

Capital Program

6

Southern California Wildfires and Mudslides

7

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

8

Southern California Edison Company

8

Three months ended March 31, 2024 versus March 31, 2023

9

Earning Activities

9

Cost-Recovery Activities

10

Supplemental Operating Revenue Information

10

Income Taxes

10

Edison International Parent and Other

11

Loss from Operations

11

LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

11

Southern California Edison Company

11

Available Liquidity

12

Regulatory Proceedings

12

Capital Investment Plan

13

Decommissioning of San Onofre

13

Margin and Collateral Deposits

14

Edison International Parent and Other

14

Edison International Income taxes

15

Historical Cash Flows

15

Southern California Edison Company

15

Edison International Parent and Other

18

Contingencies

18

MARKET RISK EXPOSURES

18

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING ESTIMATES AND POLICIES

18

NEW ACCOUNTING GUIDANCE

19

QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

19

Part I, Item 3

i

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

20

Part I, Item 1

Edison International Consolidated Statements of Income

20

Edison International Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income

21

Edison International Consolidated Balance Sheets

22

Edison International Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

24

SCE Consolidated Statements of Income

25

SCE Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income

25

SCE Consolidated Balance Sheets

26

SCE Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

28

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

29

Note 1. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

29

Note 2. Consolidated Statements of Changes in Equity

32

Note 3. Variable Interest Entities

34

Note 4. Fair Value Measurements

36

Note 5. Debt and Credit Agreements

39

Note 6. Derivative Instruments

40

Note 7. Revenue

42

Note 8. Income Taxes

43

Note 9. Compensation and Benefit Plans

44

Note 10. Investments

44

Note 11. Regulatory Assets and Liabilities

46

Note 12. Commitments and Contingencies

47

Note 13. Equity

60

Note 14. Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss

61

Note 15. Other Income

61

Note 16. Supplemental Cash Flows Information

61

Note 17. Related-Party Transactions

62

CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

63

Part I, Item 4

Disclosure Controls and Procedures

63

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

63

Jointly Owned Utility Plant

63

LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

63

Part II, Item 1

2017/2018 Wildfire/Mudslide Events

63

Environmental Proceedings

64

UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS

65

Part II, Item 2

Purchases of Equity Securities by Edison International and Affiliated Purchasers

65

OTHER INFORMATION

65

Part II Item 5

ii

EXHIBITS

66

Part II, Item 6

SIGNATURES

67

This combined Form 10-Q is separately filed by Edison International and SCE. Information contained in this document relating to SCE is filed by Edison International and separately by SCE. SCE makes no representation as to information relating to Edison International or its subsidiaries, except as it may relate to SCE and its subsidiaries.

iii

GLOSSARY

The following terms and abbreviations appearing in the text of this report have the meanings indicated below.

2017/2018 Wildfire/Mudslide Events

    

the Thomas Fire, the Koenigstein Fire, the Montecito Mudslides and the Woolsey Fire, collectively

2023 Form 10-K

Edison International's and SCE's combined Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023

2023 MD&A

Edison International's and SCE's MD&A for the calendar year 2023, which was included in the 2023 Form 10-K

AB 1054

California Assembly Bill 1054, executed by the governor of California on July 12, 2019

AB 1054 Excluded Capital Expenditures

 

$1.6 billion in wildfire risk mitigation capital expenditures that SCE has excluded from the equity portion of SCE's rate base as required under AB 1054

AB 1054 Liability Cap

a cap on the aggregate requirement to reimburse the Wildfire Insurance Fund over a trailing three calendar year period which applies if certain conditions are met and is equal to 20% of the equity portion of the utility's transmission and distribution rate base, excluding general plant and intangibles, in the year of the applicable prudency determination

ARO(s)

asset retirement obligation(s)

CAISO

 

California Independent System Operator

Capistrano Wind

a group of wind projects referred to as Capistrano Wind

Capital Structure Compliance Period

January 1, 2023 to December 31, 2025, the current compliance period for SCE's CPUC authorized capital structure

CAPP

California Arrearage Payment Program

CCAs

 

community choice aggregators which are cities, counties, and certain other public agencies with the authority to generate and/or purchase electricity for their local residents and businesses

COVID-19

Coronavirus disease 2019

CPUC

California Public Utilities Commission

CSRP

Customer Service Re-platform, a customer service system implemented in April 2021

DGC

the decommissioning general contractor engaged by SCE to undertake a significant scope of decommissioning activities at San Onofre

ECS

SCE commercial telecommunications services operated under the name of Edison Carrier Solutions

EIS

Edison Insurance Services, Inc., a wholly-owned subsidiary of Edison International licensed to provide insurance to Edison International and its subsidiaries

Electric Service Provider

 

an entity other than an investor-owned utility or CCA that provides electric power and ancillary services to retail customers

ERRA

 

Energy Resource Recovery Account

Fast curve settings

protective settings, used to mitigate the risk of wildfires in high fire risk areas, that enable SCE to more quickly shut off power when an electrical fault occurs than under traditional settings

FERC

 

Federal Energy Regulatory Commission

Fitch

Fitch Ratings, Inc.

GAAP

generally accepted accounting principles in the United States

GHG

greenhouse gas

GRC

general rate case

IRA

  

Inflation Reduction Act of 2022

Koenigstein Fire

a wind-driven fire that originated near Koenigstein Road in the City of Santa Paula in Ventura County, California, on December 4, 2017

MD&A

Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Montecito Mudslides

the debris flows and flooding in Montecito, Santa Barbara County, California, that occurred in January 2018

Moody's

Moody's Investors Service, Inc.

MW

Megawatt(s)

iv

NDCTP

Nuclear Decommissioning Cost Triennial Proceeding, a CPUC proceeding to review decommissioning costs

NERC

North American Electric Reliability Corporation

NRC

United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission

OEIS

Office of Energy Infrastructure Safety of the California Natural Resources Agency

Other 2017/2018 Wildfires

Collectively, all the wildfires that originated in Southern California in 2017 or 2018 where

SCE's equipment has been or may be alleged to be associated with the fire's ignition, except for the Thomas Fire, the Koenigstein Fire and the Woolsey Fire

Other Wildfires

Collectively, the Other 2017/2018 Wildfires and the Post-2018 Wildfires

Palo Verde

nuclear electric generating facility located near Phoenix, Arizona in which SCE holds a 15.8% ownership interest

PBOP(s)

postretirement benefits other than pension(s)

PG&E

Pacific Gas & Electric Company

Post-2018 Wildfires

Collectively, all the wildfires that originated in Southern California after 2018 where SCE's equipment has been or may be alleged to be associated with the fire's ignition

PSPS

Public Safety Power Shutoff(s)

ROE

return on common equity

RPS

California's Renewables Portfolio Standard

S&P

Standard & Poor's Financial Services LLC

San Onofre

retired nuclear generating facility located in south San Clemente, California in which SCE holds a 78.21% ownership interest

SCE

Southern California Edison Company, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Edison International

SCE Recovery Funding LLC

a bankruptcy remote, wholly owned special purpose subsidiary, consolidated by SCE

SDG&E

San Diego Gas & Electric Company

SEC

U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission

SED

Safety and Enforcement Division of the CPUC

SED Agreement

an agreement dated October 21, 2021 between SCE and the SED regarding the 2017/2018 Wildfire/Mudslide Events and three other 2017 wildfires

Thomas Fire

a wind-driven fire that originated in the Anlauf Canyon area of Ventura County, California, on December 4, 2017

TKM

collectively, the Thomas Fire, the Koenigstein Fire and the Montecito Mudslides

Track 2

Track 2 of the 2021 GRC, which addressed the reasonableness of wildfire mitigation costs incurred in 2018 and 2019 that were incremental to amounts authorized in the 2018 GRC

Track 3

Track 3 of the 2021 GRC, which addressed the reasonableness of wildfire mitigation costs incurred in 2020 that were incremental to amounts authorized in the 2018 GRC

Track 4

Track 4 of the 2021 GRC, which addressed SCE's revenue requirement for 2024 

Trio

Edison Energy, LLC, an indirect wholly-owned non-utility subsidiary of Edison International, a global energy advisory firm providing integrated sustainability and energy solutions to commercial, industrial and institutional customers doing business as "Trio"

WCCP

Wildfire Covered Conductor Program

WMP

a wildfire mitigation plan required to be filed under AB 1054 to describe a utility's plans to construct, operate, and maintain electrical lines and equipment that will help minimize the risk of catastrophic wildfires caused by such electrical lines and equipment

Wildfire Insurance Fund

the insurance fund established under AB 1054

Woolsey Fire

a wind-driven fire that originated in Ventura County in November 2018

v

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This quarterly report on Form 10-Q contains "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements reflect Edison International's and SCE's current expectations and projections about future events based on Edison International's and SCE's knowledge of present facts and circumstances and assumptions about future events and include any statements that do not directly relate to a historical or current fact. Other information distributed by Edison International and SCE that is incorporated in this report, or that refers to or incorporates this report, may also contain forward-looking statements. In this report and elsewhere, the words "expects," "believes," "anticipates," "estimates," "projects," "intends," "plans," "probable," "may," "will," "could," "would," "should," "targets," and variations of such words and similar expressions, or discussions of strategy or plans, are intended to identify forward-looking statements. Such statements necessarily involve risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those anticipated. Some of the risks, uncertainties and other important factors that could cause results to differ from those currently expected, or that otherwise could impact Edison International and SCE, include, but are not limited to the:

ability of SCE to recover its costs through regulated rates, timely or at all, including uninsured wildfire-related and debris flow-related costs (including amounts paid for self-insured retention and co-insurance), costs incurred to mitigate the risk of utility equipment causing future wildfires, costs incurred as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, and increased costs due to supply chain constraints, inflation and rising interest rates;
impact of affordability of customer rates on SCE’s ability to execute its strategy, including the impact of affordability on the regulatory approval of operations and maintenance expenses, and proposed capital investment projects;
ability of SCE to implement its operational and strategic plans, including its WMP and capital program;
risks of regulatory or legislative restrictions that would limit SCE's ability to implement operational measures to mitigate wildfire risk, including PSPS and fast curve settings, when conditions warrant or would otherwise limit SCE's operational practices relative to wildfire risk mitigation;
ability of SCE to obtain safety certifications from OEIS;
risk that AB 1054 does not effectively mitigate the significant exposure faced by California investor-owned utilities related to liability for damages arising from catastrophic wildfires where utility facilities are alleged to be a substantial cause, including the longevity of the Wildfire Insurance Fund and the CPUC's interpretation of and actions under AB 1054, including its interpretation of the prudency standard clarified by AB 1054;
risks associated with the operation of electrical facilities, including worker and public safety issues, the risk of utility assets causing or contributing to wildfires, failure, availability, efficiency, and output of equipment and facilities, and availability and cost of spare parts;
physical security of Edison International's and SCE's critical assets and personnel and the cybersecurity of Edison International's and SCE's critical information technology systems for grid control, and business, employee and customer data;
ability of Edison International and SCE to effectively attract, manage, develop and retain a skilled workforce, including its contract workers;
decisions and other actions by the CPUC, the FERC, the NRC and other governmental authorities, including decisions and actions related to nationwide or statewide crisis, determinations of authorized rates of return or return on equity, the recoverability of wildfire-related and debris flow-related costs, issuance of SCE's wildfire safety

1

certification, wildfire mitigation efforts, approval and implementation of electrification programs, and delays in executive, regulatory and legislative actions;
potential for penalties or disallowances for non-compliance with applicable laws and regulations, including fines, penalties and disallowances related to wildfires where SCE's equipment is alleged to be associated with ignition;
extreme weather-related incidents (including events caused, or exacerbated, by climate change, such as wildfires, debris flows, flooding, droughts, high wind events and extreme heat events) and other natural disasters (such as earthquakes), which could cause, among other things, public safety issues, property damage, rotating outages and other operational issues (such as issues due to damaged infrastructure), PSPS activations and unanticipated costs;
cost and availability of labor, equipment and materials, including as a result of supply chain constraints and inflation;
ability of Edison International or SCE to borrow funds and access bank and capital markets on reasonable terms;
risks associated with the decommissioning of San Onofre, including those related to worker and public safety, public opposition, permitting, governmental approvals, on-site storage of spent nuclear fuel and other radioactive material, delays, contractual disputes, and cost overruns;
risks associated with cost allocation resulting in higher rates for utility bundled service customers because of possible customer bypass or departure for other electricity providers such as CCAs and Electric Service Providers;
risks inherent in SCE's capital investment program, including those related to project site identification, public opposition, environmental mitigation, construction, permitting, contractor performance, changes in the CAISO's transmission plans, and governmental approvals;
actions by credit rating agencies to downgrade Edison International or SCE's credit ratings or to place those ratings on negative watch or negative outlook;
changes in tax laws and regulations, at both the state and federal levels, or changes in the application of those laws, that could affect recorded deferred tax assets and liabilities, effective tax rates and cash flows;
changes in future taxable income, or changes in tax law, that would limit Edison International's and SCE's realization of expected net operating loss and tax credit carryover benefits prior to expiration;
changes in interest rates and potential future adjustments to SCE's ROE based on changes in Moody's utility bond rate index;
changes in rates of inflation (including whether inflation-related adjustments to SCE's authorized revenues allowed by the public utility regulators are commensurate with inflation rates);
governmental, statutory, regulatory, or administrative changes or initiatives affecting the electricity industry, including the market structure rules applicable to each market adopted by the NERC, CAISO, Western Electricity Coordinating Council, and similar regulatory bodies in adjoining regions, and changes in the United States' and California's environmental priorities that lessen the importance placed on GHG reduction and other climate related priorities;
availability and creditworthiness of counterparties and the resulting effects on liquidity in the power and fuel markets and/or the ability of counterparties to pay amounts owed in excess of collateral provided in support of their obligations; and

2

cost of fuel for generating facilities and related transportation, which could be impacted by, among other things, disruption of natural gas storage facilities, to the extent not recovered, timely or at all, through regulated rate cost escalation provisions or balancing accounts.

Additional information about risks and uncertainties, including more detail about the factors described in this report, is contained throughout this report and in the 2023 Form 10-K, including the "Risk Factors" section. Readers are urged to read this entire report, including information incorporated by reference, as well as the 2023 Form 10-K, and carefully consider the risks, uncertainties, and other factors that affect Edison International's and SCE's businesses. Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date they are made and neither Edison International nor SCE are obligated to publicly update or revise forward-looking statements. Readers should review future reports filed by Edison International and SCE with the SEC. Edison International and SCE post or provide direct links to (i) certain SCE and other parties' regulatory filings and documents with the CPUC and the FERC and certain agency rulings and notices in open proceedings in a section titled "SCE Regulatory Highlights," (ii) certain documents and information related to Southern California wildfires which may be of interest to investors in a section titled "Southern California Wildfires," and (iii) presentations, documents and information that may be of interest to investors in a section titled "Presentations and Updates" at www.edisoninvestor.com in order to publicly disseminate such information. The reports, presentations, documents and information contained on, or connected to, the Edison International investor website are not deemed part of, and are not incorporated by reference into, this report.

The MD&A for the three months ended March 31, 2024 discusses material changes in the consolidated financial condition, results of operations and other developments of Edison International and SCE since December 31, 2023 and as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2023. This discussion presumes that the reader has read or has access to the 2023 MD&A.

Except when otherwise stated, references to each of Edison International or SCE mean each such company with its subsidiaries on a consolidated basis. References to "Edison International Parent and Other" mean Edison International Parent and its subsidiaries other than SCE and its subsidiaries and "Edison International Parent" mean Edison International on a stand-alone basis, not consolidated with its subsidiaries. Unless otherwise described, all the information contained in this report relates to both filers.

3

MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

MANAGEMENT OVERVIEW

Highlights of Operating Results

Edison International is the ultimate parent holding company of SCE and Edison Energy, LLC, doing business as Trio ("Trio") beginning in 2024. SCE is an investor-owned public utility primarily engaged in the business of supplying and delivering electricity to an approximately 50,000 square mile area across Southern, Central and Coastal California. Trio is a global energy advisory firm providing integrated sustainability and energy solutions to commercial, industrial and institutional customers. Trio's business activities are currently not material to report as a separate business segment.

Edison International's earnings are prepared in accordance with GAAP. Management uses core earnings (loss) internally for financial planning and for analysis of performance. Core earnings (loss) are also used when communicating with investors and analysts regarding Edison International's earnings results to facilitate comparisons of the company's performance from period to period. Core earnings (loss) are a non-GAAP financial measure and may not be comparable to those of other companies. Core earnings (loss) are defined as earnings attributable to Edison International shareholders less non-core items. Non-core items include income or loss from discontinued operations and income or loss from significant discrete items that management does not consider representative of ongoing earnings, such as write downs, asset impairments and other income and expense related to changes in law, outcomes in tax, regulatory or legal proceedings, and exit activities, including sale of certain assets and other activities that are no longer continuing.

Beginning July 1, 2023, SCE implemented a customer-funded wildfire self-insurance program. With the commencement of this program, Edison International and SCE no longer consider claims-related losses for wildfires to be representative of ongoing earnings and are treating such costs as non-core items prospectively. For additional information on the customer-funded self-insurance program, see "Management Overview—Customer-Funded Self-Insurance" in the 2023 MD&A.

4

Three months ended

March 31, 

(in millions)

    

2024

    

2023

    

 Change

Net income (loss) available to Edison International

 

  

 

  

 

  

SCE

$

65

$

370

$

(305)

Edison International Parent and Other

 

(76)

 

(60)

 

(16)

Edison International

(11)

310

(321)

Less: Non-core items

 

  

 

  

 

  

SCE

 

 

 

2017/2018 Wildfire/Mudslide Events claims and expenses, net of recoveries

(467)

(90)

(377)

Other Wildfires claims and expenses, net of recoveries1

(119)

(119)

Wildfire Insurance Fund expense

 

(36)

(52)

 

16

2021 NDCTP probable disallowance

(30)

30

Income tax benefit2

174

48

126

Edison International Parent and Other

 

 

Customer revenues for EIS insurance contract, net of (claims)

(1)

22

(23)

Income tax expense2

(4)

4

Total non-core items

(449)

(106)

(343)

Core earnings (loss)

 

  

 

  

 

  

SCE

 

513

 

494

 

19

Edison International Parent and Other

 

(75)

 

(78)

 

3

Edison International

$

438

$

416

$

22

1Charges of $4 million related to claims from wildfires ignited prior to July 1, 2023 are included in core earnings for the three months ended March 31, 2023. Core earnings in periods before the third quarter of 2023 have not been recast to exclude these charges.
2SCE and Edison International Parent and Other non-core items are tax-effected at an estimated statutory rate of approximately 28%; customer revenues (claims) for EIS insurance contract are tax-effected at the federal statutory rate of 21%.

Edison International's first quarter 2024 earnings decreased $321 million from the first quarter of 2023, resulting from a decrease in SCE's earnings of $305 million and an increase in Edison International Parent and Other's loss of $16 million. SCE's lower net income consisted of $324 million of higher non-core loss, partially offset by $19 million of higher core earnings. Edison International Parent and Other's loss increased due to $19 million of lower non-core earnings, partially offset by $3 million of lower core loss.

The increase in SCE's core earnings for the three months ended March 31, 2024 from the same period in 2023 was primarily due to higher revenue authorized in Track 4 and an increase in the authorized rate of return resulting from the cost of capital adjustment mechanism, partially offset by higher interest expense.

The decrease in Edison International Parent and Other's core loss for the three months ended March 31, 2024 was primarily due to lower preferred dividends and lower operating expenses, partially offset by higher interest expense.

Consolidated non-core items for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 primarily included:

Charges of $467 million ($336 million after-tax) recorded in 2024 and $90 million ($65 million after-tax) recorded in 2023 for 2017/2018 Wildfire/Mudslide Events claims and related legal expenses, net of expected regulatory recoveries. See "Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—Note 12. Commitments and Contingencies" for further information.
Charges of $119 million ($86 million after-tax) recorded in 2024 for Other Wildfires claims and related legal expenses, net of expected insurance and regulatory recoveries. See "Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—Note 12. Commitments and Contingencies" for further information.

5

Charges of $36 million ($26 million after-tax) recorded in 2024 and $52 million ($38 million after-tax) recorded in 2023 from the amortization of SCE's contributions to the Wildfire Insurance Fund. See "Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—Note 1. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies" for further information.
A charge of $30 million ($21 million after-tax) recorded in 2023 for a probable disallowance related to the reasonableness review of recorded San Onofre Units 2 and 3 decommissioning costs in the 2021 NDCTP.
Expected wildfire claims of $1 million ($1 million after-tax) insured by EIS recorded in 2024 and customer revenues of $22 million ($18 million after-tax) related to an EIS insurance contract recorded in 2023. See "Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements— Note 12. Commitments and Contingencies" for further information.

See "Results of Operations" for discussion of SCE's and Edison International Parent and Other's results of operations.

2025 General Rate Case

As discussed in the 2023 10-K, SCE filed its 2025 GRC application with the CPUC in May 2023, for the four-year period 2025 – 2028. In its application, SCE requested that the CPUC authorize a test year 2025 revenue requirement of approximately $10.3 billion. This represents a $1.9 billion, or 23% increase over the approximately $8.4 billion 2024 revenue requirement adopted in Track 4, prior to adjustments for updated operations and maintenance escalation rates, the CPUC's decisions to adopt SCE's 2023 to 2025 cost of capital, and expanded customer-funded self-insurance for wildfire-related claims.

In February 2024, intervenors to the 2025 GRC proceeding, including the CPUC Public Advocates Office ("Cal Advocates") and The Utility Reform Network ("TURN"), submitted testimony in response to SCE's application. Cal Advocates and TURN recommended reductions to SCE's requests for load growth investments, infrastructure replacement, targeted undergrounding, and other areas of SCE's application.

Cal Advocates proposed a test year 2025 revenue requirement of approximately $9.3 billion, representing an increase of approximately 11% over the 2024 revenue requirement adopted in Track 4. While TURN did not calculate a test year 2025 revenue requirement in connection with its proposals, SCE estimates that TURN's proposals would result in a test year 2025 revenue requirement of approximately 12% over the 2024 revenue requirement adopted in Track 4.

On April 15, 2024, SCE served rebuttal testimony responding to intervenor testimony. SCE updated its test year 2025 revenue requirement to approximately $10.1 billion or an increase of 21% over the 2024 revenue requirement adopted in Track 4. The rebuttal testimony also proposed revenue requirement increases of approximately $600 million, $650 million, and $630 million in 2026, 2027 and 2028, respectively.

Capital Program

Total capital expenditures (including accruals) were $1.2 billion and $1.3 billion for the first three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively. As discussed in 2023 Form 10-K, SCE forecasts total capital expenditures ranging from $32.2 billion to $37.5 billion for 2024 – 2028, and weighted average annual rate base from $43.0 billion to $60.6 billion for 2024 – 2028. These capital program and rate base projections incorporate the amounts requested in the 2025 GRC application and do not reflect subsequent updates included in SCE's rebuttal testimony. For further information regarding the capital expenditures, see "Liquidity and Capital Resources—SCE—Capital Investment Plan" below and "Management Overview—Capital Program" in the 2023 MD&A.

6

Southern California Wildfires and Mudslides

2017/2018 Wildfire/Mudslide Events

As discussed in the 2023 Form 10-K, multiple lawsuits and investigations related to the 2017/2018 Wildfire/Mudslide Events have been initiated against SCE and Edison International. SCE has previously entered into settlements with a number of local public entities and subrogation plaintiffs in the TKM and Woolsey litigations and under the SED Agreement. In addition, SCE has also entered into settlements with approximately 13,000 individual plaintiffs in the 2017/2018 Wildfire/Mudslide Events litigation.

Management’s first quarter 2024 review of its loss estimates for remaining alleged and potential claims related to the 2017/2018 Wildfire/Mudslide Events, included a review of information received during the quarter about outstanding claims, including demands from most of the individual plaintiffs who have opted into the Woolsey Fire mediation program, and from settling claims through the quarter. As a result of management's review, a $490 million increase in estimated losses for the 2017/2018 Wildfire/Mudslide Events as of March 31, 2024 was recorded. As a result, SCE recorded expected recoveries through FERC electric rates of $27 million against the charge. The resulting net charge to earnings was $463 million ($333 million after-tax). The increase was primarily driven by information obtained during the quarter related to the Woolsey Fire mediation program, in which plaintiffs who had previously opted-in to the program were required to submit their demands by a deadline in February 2024. While a limited number of plaintiffs received extensions, the demands received prior to the deadline revealed that more plaintiffs intend to continue to pursue claims than expected and that plaintiffs are seeking higher damages than expected. Additionally, settlement outcomes during the quarter exceeded previously estimated values. Management believes that adverse jury verdicts in wildfire litigation against utilities outside of California and increasingly negative jury sentiments in general litigation combined with the current procedural schedule in the underlying litigation proceedings have led to more plaintiffs continuing to pursue claims than expected and to plaintiffs demanding greater settlement values.

Through March 31, 2024, SCE has accrued estimated losses of $9.9 billion, recoveries from insurance of $2.0 billion, all of which have been collected, and expected recoveries through FERC electric rates of $440 million, $376 million of which has been collected, related to the 2017/2018 Wildfire/Mudslide Events claims. The after-tax net charges to earnings recorded through March 31, 2024 have been $5.4 billion.

Estimated losses for the 2017/2018 Wildfire/Mudslide Events litigation are based on a number of assumptions and are subject to change as additional information becomes available. Actual losses incurred may be higher or lower than estimated based on several factors, including the uncertainty in estimating damages that have been or may be alleged. For instance, SCE will receive additional information with respect to damages claimed as the claims mediation and trial processes progress. Other factors that can cause actual losses incurred to be higher or lower than estimated include the ability to reach settlements and the outcomes of settlements reached through the ongoing claims mediation processes, uncertainties related to the impact of outcomes of wildfire litigation against other parties and increasingly negative jury sentiments in general litigation, uncertainties related to the sufficiency of insurance held by plaintiffs, uncertainties related to the litigation processes, including whether plaintiffs will ultimately pursue claims, uncertainty as to the legal and factual determinations to be made during litigation, including uncertainty as to the contributing causes of the 2017/2018 Wildfire/Mudslide Events, the complexities associated with fires that merge and whether inverse condemnation will be held applicable to SCE with respect to damages caused by the Montecito Mudslides, and the uncertainty as to how these factors impact future settlements.

As of March 31, 2024, SCE had paid $8.8 billion under executed settlements and had $200 million to be paid under executed settlements, including $60 million to be paid under the SED Agreement, related to the 2017/2018 Wildfire/Mudslide Events. After giving effect to all payment obligations under settlements entered into through March 31, 2024, Edison International's and SCE's best estimate of expected losses for remaining alleged and potential claims related to the 2017/2018 Wildfire/Mudslide Events was $831 million. Edison International and SCE may incur a material loss in excess of amounts accrued in connection with the remaining alleged and potential claims related to the 2017/2018 Wildfire/Mudslide Events.

7

SCE will seek CPUC-jurisdictional rate recovery of prudently incurred losses and related costs realized in connection with the 2017/2018 Wildfire/Mudslide Events in excess of available insurance and FERC-jurisdictional recoveries, other than for any obligations under the SED Agreement. Based on Edison International's and SCE's current best estimate of expected losses for the 2017/2018 Wildfire/Mudslide Events, SCE currently expects to seek CPUC-jurisdictional rate recovery of approximately $6.9 billion of uninsured claims by filing applications with the CPUC. In August 2023, SCE filed the first of such cost recovery applications to seek rate recovery of $2.4 billion of prudently incurred losses related to the Thomas Fire, the Koenigstein Fire and the Montecito Mudslides, consisting of $2.0 billion of uninsured claims and $0.4 billion of associated costs, including legal fees and financing costs. In its filing, SCE is also seeking capital recovery of approximately $65 million in restoration costs. SCE targets the third quarter of 2024 for the filing of its application to seek CPUC-jurisdictional rate recovery of approximately $5 billion of uninsured claims related to the Woolsey Fire. In its application, SCE will also seek associated costs, including legal fees, financing costs and restoration costs. SCE's plans with respect to this filing may be delayed or modified. Because the CPUC's decision in a cost recovery proceeding involving SDG&E arising from several 2007 wildfires in SDG&E's service area is the only directly comparable precedent available, SCE believes that there is substantial uncertainty regarding how the CPUC will interpret and apply its prudency standard to an investor-owned utility in wildfire claims related cost-recovery proceedings for fires ignited prior to the adoption of AB 1054 on July 12, 2019. Accordingly, while the CPUC has not made a determination regarding SCE's prudency relative to any of the 2017/2018 Wildfire/Mudslide Events, SCE is unable to conclude, at this time, that uninsured CPUC-jurisdictional wildfire-related costs related to the 2017/2018 Wildfire/Mudslide Events are probable of recovery through electric rates.

For further information on Southern California Wildfires and Mudslides, see "Risk Factors," "Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—Note 1. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies—Initial and annual contributions to the wildfire insurance fund established pursuant to California Assembly Bill 1054," "Business—Southern California Wildfires" in the 2023 Form 10-K and "Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—Note 12. Commitments and Contingencies—Contingencies—Southern California Wildfires and Mudslides" in this report.

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

SCE

SCE's results of operations are derived mainly through two sources:

Earning activities – representing revenue authorized by the CPUC and the FERC, which is intended to provide SCE with a reasonable opportunity to recover its costs and earn a return on its net investment in generation, transmission and distribution assets. The annual revenue requirements are comprised of authorized operation and maintenance costs, depreciation, taxes and a return consistent with the capital structure. Also, included in earnings activities are revenue or penalties related to incentive mechanisms, other operating revenue, and regulatory charges or disallowances.
Cost-recovery activities – representing CPUC- and FERC- authorized balancing accounts, which allow for recovery of specific project or program costs, subject to reasonableness review or compliance with upfront standards, as well as non-bypassable rates collected for SCE Recovery Funding LLC. Cost-recovery activities include rates which provide recovery, subject to reasonableness review of, among other things, fuel costs, purchased power costs, public purpose related-program costs (including energy efficiency and demand-side management programs), certain operation and maintenance expenses (including vegetation management and wildfire insurance), and repayment of bonds and financing costs of SCE Recovery Funding LLC. SCE earns no return on these activities.

8

The following table is a summary of SCE's results of operations for the periods indicated.

Three months ended March 31, 2024 versus March 31, 2023

    

Three months ended March 31, 2024

Three months ended March 31, 2023

Cost-

Cost-

Earning

Recovery

Total

Earning

 Recovery

Total

(in millions)

    

 Activities

    

  Activities

    

 Consolidated

  

  

 Activities

    

 Activities

    

 Consolidated

Operating revenue

$

2,449

$

1,615

$

4,064

$

2,233

$

1,717

$

3,950

Purchased power and fuel

1,008

 

1,008

1,318

 

1,318

Operation and maintenance

690

601

 

1,291

670

411

 

1,081

Wildfire-related claims, net of insurance recoveries

614

 

614

96

 

96

Wildfire Insurance Fund expense

36

 

36

52

 

52

Depreciation and amortization

690

11

 

701

649

7

 

656

Property and other taxes

149

4

 

153

137

2

 

139

Total operating expenses

 

2,179

 

1,624

3,803

 

1,604

 

1,738

3,342

Operating income (loss)

 

270

 

(9)

261

 

629

 

(21)

608

Interest expense

 

(360)

(14)

(374)

 

(295)

 

(5)

(300)

Other income, net

 

112

23

135

 

94

 

26

120

Income before income taxes

 

22

 

22

 

428

 

428

Income tax (benefit) expense

 

(84)

(84)

 

29

 

29

Net income

 

106

 

106

 

399

 

399

Less: Preference stock dividend requirements

 

41

41

 

29

 

29

Net income available to common stock

$

65

$

$

65

$

370

$

$

370

Earning Activities

Earning activities were primarily affected by the following:

Higher operating revenue of $216 million is primarily due to:
Higher CPUC-related revenue of $173 million due to the higher revenue authorized in Track 4 and an increase in the authorized rate of return resulting from the cost of capital adjustment mechanism. See "Liquidity and Capital Resources—SCE" for more information.
Higher CPUC-related revenue of $63 million due to higher wildfire mitigation expenses authorized for recovery in 2024 as compared to 2023. See "Liquidity and Capital Resources—SCE—Regulatory Proceedings" for more information.
Higher FERC-related revenue of $28 million due to higher wildfire-related claims and expenses to be recovered in FERC revenues.
Lower CPUC-related revenue of $37 million related to CSRP revenue requirement approved in 2023.
Higher operation and maintenance expenses of $20 million is primarily due to:
Higher expense of $45 million related to wildfire mitigation expenses authorized for recovery in 2024 as compared to 2023 (offset in revenue above).
Higher expenses of $35 million primarily related to inspections and maintenance.
Lower expenses of $30 million related to CSRP revenue requirement approved in 2023 (offset in revenue above).
In 2023, SCE recognized a probable disallowance of $30 million related to the 2021 NDCTP.

9

Charges for wildfire-related claims, net of insurance recoveries, were $614 million and $96 million in 2024 and 2023, respectively, related to the 2017/2018 Wildfire/Mudslide Events and Other Wildfires. See "Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—Note 12. Commitments and Contingencies—Contingencies—Southern California Wildfires and Mudslides."
Lower wildfire insurance fund amortization expense of $16 million due to the change in the estimated life of the Wildfire Insurance Fund, which increased the amortization period of SCE's contributions in 2024. See "Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—Note 1. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies" for further information.
Higher depreciation and amortization expense of $41 million primarily due to increased plant balances and recognition of $16 million of previously deferred wildfire mitigation depreciation expensed in 2024 (offset in revenue above).
Higher property and other taxes of $12 million primarily due to higher property assessed value in 2024.
Higher interest expense of $65 million primarily due to higher interest rates on long-term debt and balancing account overcollections, as well as increased long-term borrowings.
Higher other income of $18 million primarily due to higher equity allowance for funds used during construction.
See "Income Taxes" below for the explanation of the $113 million increase in income tax benefits.
Higher preference stock dividend requirements of $12 million primarily due to increased preference stock outstanding.

Cost-Recovery Activities

Operating revenue and the corresponding operating expenses in cost-recovery activities were primarily affected by the following:

Lower purchased power and fuel costs of $310 million, primarily due to lower purchased power and gas prices and lower purchased gas volumes, partially offset by hedging activities.
Higher operation and maintenance costs of $190 million primarily due to:
Higher expenses of $229 million due to the recognition of previously deferred wildfire mitigation expenses in 2024.
Higher expenses of $38 million primarily due to higher expected uncollectible expenses in 2024.
Lower insurance costs of $97 million due SCE's expanded use of customer-funded self-insurance. See "Management Overview—Customer-Funded Self-Insurance" in the 2023 Form 10-K.

Supplemental Operating Revenue Information

As a result of the CPUC-authorized decoupling mechanism, SCE revenues are not affected by changes in volume of retail electricity sales.

Income Taxes

Higher income tax benefit of $113 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the same period in 2023 was primarily driven by the decrease in pre-tax income. The effective tax rates were (381.8)% and 6.8% for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively. SCE's effective tax rate is below the federal statutory rate of 21% for 2024 and 2023 primarily due to the CPUC's flow-through ratemaking treatment for the current tax benefit arising from certain property-related and other temporary differences, which reverse over time. The accounting treatment for these temporary differences results in recording regulatory assets and liabilities for amounts that would otherwise be recorded to deferred tax expense/benefit.

10

See "Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—Note 8. Income Taxes" for a reconciliation of the federal statutory rate to the effective income tax rates.

Edison International Parent and Other

Results of operations for Edison International Parent and Other include amounts from other subsidiaries that are not reportable as segments, as well as intercompany eliminations.

Loss from Operations

The following table summarizes the results of Edison International Parent and Other:

Three months ended March 31, 

(in millions)

    

2024

    

2023

Edison International Parent and Other net loss

$

(54)

$

(34)

Less: Preferred stock dividend requirements

22

26

Edison International Parent and Other net loss attributable to common shareholders

$

(76)

$

(60)

The net loss attributable to common shareholders from operations of Edison International Parent and Other increased $16 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the same period in 2023, primarily due to lack of earnings from an EIS insurance contract and higher interest expense, partially offset by lower preferred dividends and lower operating expenses.

LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

SCE

SCE's ability to operate its business, fund capital expenditures, and implement its business strategy is dependent upon its cash flow and access to the bank and capital markets. SCE's overall cash flows fluctuate based on, among other things, its ability to recover its costs in a timely manner from its customers through regulated rates, changes in commodity prices and volumes, collateral requirements, interest obligations, dividend payments to and equity contributions from Edison International, obligations to preference shareholders, and the outcome of tax, regulatory and legal matters.

In the next 12 months, SCE expects to fund its cash requirements through operating cash flows, and capital market and bank financings. SCE also has availability under its credit facility to fund cash requirements. SCE also expects to issue additional debt for general corporate purposes, and to finance and refinance debt issued for payment of claims and expenses related to the 2017/2018 Wildfire/Mudslide Events.

In January 2024, SCE issued $500 million of first and refunding mortgage bonds due in 2027 and $900 million of first and refunding mortgage bonds due in 2034. In March 2024, SCE issued $600 million of first and refunding mortgage bonds due in 2026, $600 million of first and refunding mortgage bonds due in 2029 and $400 million of first and refunding mortgage bonds due in 2054. For further details, see "Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—Note 5. Debt and Credit Agreements." The proceeds were used to fund and refinance debt for the payment of wildfire claims and related expenses above the amount of insurance proceeds, repay commercial paper borrowings, and for general corporate purposes.

SCE's credit ratings may be affected if, among other things, regulators fail to successfully implement AB 1054 in a consistent and credit supportive manner, or the Wildfire Insurance Fund is depleted by claims from catastrophic wildfires. Credit rating downgrades increase the cost and may impact the availability of short-term and long-term borrowings, including commercial paper, credit facilities, bond financings or other borrowings. In addition, some of SCE's power procurement contracts and environmental remediation obligations would require SCE to pay related liabilities or post additional collateral if SCE's credit rating were to fall below investment grade. For further details, see "—Margin and Collateral Deposits."

11

As discussed in the 2023 Form 10-K, the cost of capital adjustment mechanism set by the CPUC provides for an adjustment to SCE's authorized cost of capital that, when triggered, will impact SCE's results of operations and cash flows. In 2023, the cost of capital adjustment mechanism was triggered and resulted in an increase to SCE's 2024 GRC-related revenue requirement by $201 million. Certain parties have sought review or suspension of the 2024 adjustment. In March 2024, the CPUC issued a proposed decision denying the parties' petition for modification to suspend the adjustment. The cost of capital adjustment mechanism's current benchmark is the 12-month, October 1, 2022 through September 30, 2023, average Moody's Baa utility bond yield of 5.78%. If the difference between the benchmark and the average of the same index for the 12-month period from October 1, 2023 to September 30, 2024 exceeds 100-basis points, SCE's CPUC-authorized ROE will be adjusted for 2025 by half the amount of the difference (up or down). The average Moody's Baa utility bond yield between October 1, 2023 and April 23, 2024 was 5.99%. For further information see "Business—SCE— Overview of Ratemaking Process" in the 2023 Form 10-K.

For restrictions on SCE's ability to pay dividends, see "Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—Note 1. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies—SCE Dividends" in the 2023 Form 10-K.

Available Liquidity

At March 31, 2024, SCE had cash on hand of $850 million and approximately $2.8 billion available to borrow on its $3.4 billion revolving credit facility. The credit facility is available for borrowing needs until May 2027 and the aggregate maximum principal amount may be increased up to $4.0 billion, provided that additional lender commitments are obtained. SCE also has standby letters of credit with total capacity of $625 million, and the unused amount was $525 million as of March 31, 2024. For further details, see "Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—Note 5. Debt and Credit Agreements."

SCE may finance balancing account undercollections and working capital requirements to support operations and capital expenditures with commercial paper, its credit facilities or other borrowings, subject to availability in the bank and capital markets. As necessary, SCE will utilize its available liquidity, capital market financings, other borrowings or parent company contributions to SCE equity in order to meet its obligations as they become due, including costs related to the 2017/2018 Wildfire/Mudslide Events. For further information, see "Management Overview—Southern California Wildfires and Mudslides."

Debt Covenant

SCE's credit facilities and term loan require a debt to total capitalization ratio as defined in the applicable agreements of less than or equal to 0.65 to 1. At March 31, 2024, SCE's debt to total capitalization ratio was 0.58 to 1.

At March 31, 2024, SCE was in compliance with all financial covenants that affect access to capital.

Regulatory Proceedings

Wildfire-related Regulatory Proceedings

In response to the increase in wildfire activity, and faster progression of and increased damage from wildfires across SCE's service territory and throughout California, SCE has incurred wildfire mitigation, wildfire insurance and wildfire and drought restoration related spending at levels significantly exceeding amounts authorized in SCE's GRCs.

2021 GRC Wildfire Mitigation Memorandum Account Balances

In June 2022, SCE filed an application with the CPUC requesting reasonableness review of the incremental costs incurred in 2021 related to non-WCCP wildfire mitigation and vegetation management activities, requesting a total revenue requirement of approximately $327 million plus ongoing capital-related revenue requirements. In March 2024, the CPUC issued a decision fully authorizing SCE's requested revenue requirement. The revenue requirements will be amortized in rates over 12 months.

12

2020 Emergency Wildfire Restoration

As discussed in the 2023 MD&A, SCE filed a catastrophic event memorandum account application in 2022 primarily related to restoration efforts related to multiple 2020 wildfires. In April 2024, the CPUC issued a proposed decision which, if adopted, would approve the recovery of SCE's capital request of $312 million and operation and maintenance expenses of $200 million, resulting in a revenue requirement of $191 million plus ongoing capital-related revenue requirements. The revenue requirements would be amortized in rates over a 12-month period.

Multi-year Wildfire Mitigation and Catastrophic Events Filing ("WMCE Filing")

In April 2024, SCE filed its WMCE filing, seeking to recover incremental operating and maintenance expenses of $320 million and incremental capital expenditures of $702 million, primarily associated with 2019 2023 incremental WCCP capital expenditures recorded in the wildfire risk mitigation balancing account, 2023 operations and maintenance and capital expenditures incremental to amounts authorized in wildfire mitigation accounts and the vegetation management balancing account, incremental storm-related costs associated with certain 2020 2022 events recorded in the catastrophic event memorandum account, and certain wildfire liability insurance premium expenses recorded to the wildfire expense memorandum account, which were denied without prejudice in a previous decision. SCE requested an expedited schedule with a final decision in 2025.

Capital Investment Plan

Major Transmission and Utility Owned Storage Projects

Riverside Transmission Reliability Project

As discussed in the 2023 MD&A, the City of Norco filed a petition for modification ("PFM") to modify the CPUC decision approving the project and reopen the record to reconsider full undergrounding during 2023. In March 2024, the CPUC denied the PFM.

Eldorado-Lugo-Mohave Upgrade Project

As discussed in the 2023 MD&A, additional work is required to mitigate the impact of the project on nearby natural gas transmission lines and a further Petition for Modification is expected to be filed to include reasonable and prudent costs of the mitigation work. SCE expects the project to be in service in 2025. See "Liquidity and Capital Resources—SCE—Capital Investment Plan" in the 2023 Form 10-K for further information.

Utility Owned Storage

As discussed in the 2023 MD&A, in October 2021, SCE contracted with Ameresco, Inc. ("Ameresco") for the construction of utility owned energy storage projects at three sites in SCE's service territory with an aggregate capacity of 537.5 MW, consisting of a 225 MW project, a 200 MW project and a 112.5 MW project, and an in-service date of August 1, 2022. Ameresco has advised SCE that it currently expects all three projects to be in-service before the end of July 2024.

Decommissioning of San Onofre

As discussed in the 2023 Form 10-K, in February 2022, SCE filed the 2021 NDCTP with the CPUC to request reasonableness review of approximately $570 million (SCE share in 2022 dollars) of recorded San Onofre Units 2 and 3 decommissioning costs incurred during the period 2018 to 2020. In May 2023, SCE entered into a settlement with the relevant intervenors under which, subject to CPUC approval, SCE agreed to a disallowance in the 2021 NDCTP of approximately $30 million. SCE has accrued for this disallowance.

13

Margin and Collateral Deposits

Certain derivative instruments, power and energy procurement contracts and other contractual arrangements contain collateral requirements. In addition, certain environmental remediation obligations require financial assurance that may be in the form of collateral postings. Future collateral requirements may differ from the requirements at March 31, 2024 due to the addition of incremental power and energy procurement contracts with collateral requirements, if any, the impact of changes in wholesale power and natural gas prices on SCE's contractual obligations, and the impact of SCE's credit ratings falling below investment grade.

The table below provides the amount of collateral posted by SCE to its counterparties as well as the potential collateral that would have been required as of March 31, 2024, if SCE's credit rating had been downgraded to below investment grade as of that date. The table below also provides the potential collateral that could be required due to adverse changes in wholesale power and natural gas prices over the remaining lives of existing power and fuel derivative contracts.

In addition to amounts shown in the table, power and fuel contract counterparties may also institute new collateral requirements, applicable to future transactions to allow SCE to continue trading in power and fuel contracts at the time of a downgrade or upon significant increases in market prices. Furthermore, SCE may also be required to post up to $50 million in collateral in connection with its environmental remediation obligations, within 120 days of the end of the fiscal year in which a downgrade below investment grade occurs.

(in millions)

    

Collateral posted as of March 31, 20241

$

266

Incremental collateral requirements for purchased power and fuel contracts resulting from a potential downgrade of SCE's credit rating to below investment grade2

 

53

Incremental collateral requirements for SCE's financial hedging activities resulting from adverse market price movement3

 

123

Posted and potential collateral requirements

$

442

1

Net collateral provided to counterparties and other brokers consisted of $124 million in letters of credit and surety bonds and $142 million of cash collateral.

2

Represents potential collateral requirements for accounts payable and mark-to-market valuation at March 31, 2024. Requirement varies throughout the period and is generally lower at the end of the month.

3

Incremental collateral requirements were based on potential changes in SCE's forward positions as of March 31, 2024 due to adverse market price movements over the remaining lives of the existing power and fuel derivative contracts using a 95% confidence level.

Edison International Parent and Other

In the next 12 months, Edison International expects to fund its net cash requirements through cash on hand, dividends from SCE, and capital market and bank financings. Edison International may finance its ongoing cash requirements, including dividends, working capital requirements, payment of obligations, and capital investments, including capital contributions to subsidiaries, with short-term or other financings, subject to availability in the bank and capital markets.

At March 31, 2024, Edison International Parent and Other had cash on hand of $142 million and $1.2 billion available to borrow on its $1.5 billion revolving credit facility. The credit facility is available for borrowing needs until May 2027 and the aggregate maximum principal amount may be increased up to $2.0 billion, provided that additional lender commitments are obtained. For further information, see "Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—Note 5. Debt and Credit Agreements."

Edison International Parent and Other's liquidity and its ability to pay operating expenses and pay dividends to preferred and common shareholders are dependent on access to the bank and capital markets, dividends from SCE, realization of tax benefits and its ability to meet California law requirements for the declaration of dividends. For information on the California law requirements on the declaration of dividends, see "Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—Note 1. Summary of

14

Significant Accounting Policies—SCE Dividends" in the 2023 Form 10-K. Edison International intends to maintain its target payout ratio of 45% – 55% of SCE's core earnings, subject to the factors identified above.

Edison International's ability to declare and pay common dividends may be restricted under the terms of its Series A and Series B Preferred Stock. For further information, see "Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—Note 14. Equity" in the 2023 Form 10-K.

Edison International Parent's credit facility requires a consolidated debt to total capitalization ratio as defined in the applicable agreements of less than or equal to 0.70 to 1. At March 31, 2024, Edison International's consolidated debt to total capitalization ratio was 0.64 to 1.

At March 31, 2024, Edison International Parent was in compliance with all financial covenants that affect access to capital.

Edison International Parent's credit ratings may be affected if, among other things, regulators fail to successfully implement AB 1054 in a consistent and credit supportive manner, or the Wildfire Insurance Fund is depleted by claims from catastrophic wildfires. Credit rating downgrades increase the cost and may impact the availability of short-term and long-term borrowings, including commercial paper, credit facilities, note financings or other borrowings.

Edison International Income Taxes

Inflation Reduction Act of 2022

On August 16, 2022, the IRA was signed into law. The law imposes a 15% corporate alternative minimum tax ("CAMT") on adjusted financial statement income ("AFSI") of corporations with average AFSI exceeding $1.0 billion over a specified 3-year period. The CAMT was effective beginning January 1, 2023. Based on the current interpretation of the law and historical financial data, Edison International estimates that it will exceed the $1.0 billion threshold and be subject to CAMT on its consolidated federal tax returns beginning in 2026. SCE expects to be subject to CAMT on its stand-alone Federal return beginning in 2025.

The law also includes significant extensions, expansions, and enhancements of numerous energy-related investment tax credits, as well as creating new credits applicable to electricity production which may apply to SCE's capital expenditures. Under the IRA, SCE expects to generate investment tax credits related to its utility owned storage projects, which will accrue to the benefit of its customers.

Historical Cash Flows

SCE

Three months ended March 31, 

(in millions)

    

2024

    

2023

Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities

$

1,086

$

(20)

Net cash provided by financing activities

 

934

 

1,249

Net cash used in investing activities

 

(1,276)

 

(1,305)

Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

$

744

$

(76)

15

Net Cash Provided by (used in) Operating Activities

The following table summarizes major categories of net cash for operating activities as provided in more detail in SCE's consolidated statements of cash flows for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023.

Three months ended March 31, 

Change in cash flows

(in millions)

    

2024

    

2023

    

2024/2023

Net income

    

$

106

    

$

399

    

  

Non-cash items1

 

619

 

719

 

  

Subtotal

 

725

1,118

 

$

(393)

Changes in cash flow resulting from working capital2

 

(286)

 

(725)

 

439

Regulatory assets and liabilities

 

250

 

(296)

 

546

Wildfire-related claims3

419

(133)

552

Other noncurrent assets and liabilities4

 

(22)

 

16

 

(38)

Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities

$

1,086

$

(20)

$

1,106

1Non-cash items include depreciation and amortization, equity allowance for funds used during construction, deferred income taxes, Wildfire Insurance Fund amortization expenses and other.
2Changes in working capital items include receivables, accrued unbilled revenue, inventory, amortization of prepaid expenses, accounts payable, tax receivables and payables, derivative assets and liabilities and other current assets and liabilities.
3The amount in 2024 represents an increase in wildfire estimated losses of $670 million, partially offset by payments of $174 million for 2017/2018 Wildfire/Mudslide Events and $77 million for Other Wildfires. The amount in 2023 is primarily related to payments of $221 million for 2017/2018 Wildfire/Mudslide Events and $7 million for Post-2018 Wildfires, partially offset by an increase in wildfire estimated losses of $96 million.
4Includes nuclear decommissioning trusts. See "Nuclear Decommissioning Activities" below for further information.

Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities was impacted by the following:

Net income and non-cash items decreased in 2024 by $393 million primarily due to higher wildfire claims and expenses, net of recoveries, and higher interest expense, partially offset by higher revenue authorized in Track 4 and an increase in the authorized rate of return resulting from the cost of capital adjustment mechanism.

The net outflows in cash resulting from working capital were $286 million and $725 million during the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively. Net cash outflows for both years were driven by payments of operating expenses, partially offset by inflows from net decreases in customer receivables and unbilled revenue. In addition, higher cash outflow in 2023 was due to the payment of power purchase contracts executed under high gas prices in late 2022.

Net cash provided by (used in) regulatory assets and liabilities, including changes in net undercollections recorded in balancing accounts, was $250 million and $(296) million during the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively. SCE has a number of balancing and memorandum accounts, which impact cash flows based on differences between timing of collection of amounts through rates and accrual expenditures. Cash inflows of $250 million in 2024 were primarily due to recovery of prior year undercollections and GHG auction revenue received, partially offset by current year undercollections driven by lower sales volume. Cash outflows of $296 million in 2023 were primarily due to the accelerated payments of climate credits to customers, partially offset by GHG auction revenue received.

16

Net Cash Provided by Financing Activities

The following table summarizes cash provided by financing activities for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively. Issuances of debt are discussed in "Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—Note 5. Debt and Credit Agreements."

Three months ended March 31, 

(in millions)

2024

    

2023

Issuances of long-term debt, net of discount and issuance costs

$

2,976

$

1,186

Long-term debt repaid or repurchased

 

(601)

 

(1)

Short-term debt repaid

(375)

Commercial paper (repayments) borrowing, net

(656)

431

Payment of common stock dividends to Edison International Parent

 

(360)

 

(350)

Payment of preference stock dividends

 

(43)

 

(29)

Other

 

(7)

 

12

Net cash provided by financing activities

$

934

$

1,249

Net Cash Used in Investing Activities

Cash flows used in investing activities are primarily due to total capital expenditures of $1.3 billion for both the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023. In addition, SCE had a net redemption of nuclear decommissioning trust investments of
$1 million and $19 million during the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively. See "Nuclear Decommissioning Activities" below for further discussion.

Nuclear Decommissioning Activities

SCE's consolidated statements of cash flows include nuclear decommissioning activities, which are reflected in the following line items:

    

Three months ended March 31, 

(in millions)

    

2024

    

2023

Net cash used in operating activities:

Net earnings from nuclear decommissioning trust investments

$

28

$

21

SCE's decommissioning costs

 

(32)

 

(57)

Net cash provided by investing activities:

 

 

Proceeds from sale of investments

1,258

951

Purchases of investments

 

(1,257)

 

(932)

Net cash outflow

$

(3)

$

(17)

Net cash used in operating activities relates to interest and dividends less administrative expenses, taxes and SCE's decommissioning costs. Investing activities represent the purchase and sale of investments within the nuclear decommissioning trusts, including the reinvestment of earnings from nuclear decommissioning trust investments. The net cash impact reflects timing of decommissioning payments ($32 million and $57 million in 2024 and 2023, respectively) and reimbursements to SCE from the nuclear decommissioning trust ($48 million and $40 million in 2024 and 2023, respectively). The net cash outflow in 2024 also includes a contribution of $19 million from SCE to the non-qualified decommissioning trust related to tax benefits received.

17

Edison International Parent and Other

The table below sets forth condensed historical cash flow from operations for Edison International Parent and Other, including intercompany eliminations.

Three months ended March 31, 

(in millions)

    

2024

    

2023

Net cash used in operating activities

$

(43)

$

(70)

Net cash provided by financing activities

 

54

 

67

Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

$

11

$

(3)

Net Cash Used in Operating Activities

Net cash used in operating activities was impacted by the following:

$43 million and $70 million cash outflows from operating activities in 2024 and 2023, respectively, primarily due to payments relating to interest and operating costs.

Net Cash Provided by Financing Activities

Net cash provided by financing activities was as follows:

Three months ended March 31, 

(in millions)

    

2024

    

2023

Dividends paid to Edison International common shareholders

$

(295)

$

(277)

Dividends paid to Edison International preferred shareholders

(44)

(52)

Dividends received from SCE

 

360

 

350

Long-term debt issuance, net of discount and issuance costs

 

 

495

Long-term debt repayments

 

 

(400)

Repayments of short-term debt

 

(15)

 

(600)

Preferred stock repurchased

(19)

Commercial paper financing, net

 

34

 

529

Other

 

33

 

22

Net cash provided by financing activities

$

54

$

67

Contingencies

Edison International's and SCE's material contingencies are discussed in "Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—Note 12. Commitments and Contingencies—Contingencies."

MARKET RISK EXPOSURES

Edison International's and SCE's primary market risks are described in the 2023 Form 10-K, and there have been no material changes for the three months ended March 31, 2024. For further discussion of market risk exposures, including commodity price risk and credit risk, see "Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—Note 4. Fair Value Measurements and Note 6. Derivative Instruments."

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING ESTIMATES AND POLICIES

For a discussion of Edison International's and SCE's critical accounting policies, see "Critical Accounting Estimates and Policies" in the 2023 MD&A.

18

NEW ACCOUNTING GUIDANCE

There have been no material changes in recently issued or adopted accounting standards from those disclosed in "Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—Note 1. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies—New Accounting Guidance" in the 2023 Form 10-K.

QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

Information responding to this section is included in the MD&A under the heading "Market Risk Exposures" and is incorporated herein by reference.

19

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Consolidated Statements of Income

Edison International

Three months ended

March 31, 

(in millions, except per-share amounts, unaudited)

    

2024

    

2023

Operating revenue

$

4,078

$

3,966

Purchased power and fuel

 

1,008

 

1,318

Operation and maintenance

 

1,317

 

1,084

Wildfire-related claims, net of insurance recoveries

 

615

 

96

Wildfire Insurance Fund expense

 

36

 

52

Depreciation and amortization

 

702

 

656

Property and other taxes

 

155

 

140

Total operating expenses

 

3,833

 

3,346

Operating income

 

245

 

620

Interest expense

 

(444)

 

(361)

Other income, net

 

138

 

119

(Loss) income before income taxes

 

(61)

 

378

Income tax (benefit) expense

 

(113)

 

13

Net income

 

52

 

365

Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests - preference stock of SCE

 

41

 

29

Preferred stock dividend requirements of Edison International

22

26

Net (loss) income available to Edison International common shareholders

$

(11)

$

310

Basic (loss) earnings per share:

 

  

 

  

Weighted average shares of common stock outstanding

 

385

 

383

Basic (loss) earnings per common share available to Edison International common shareholders

$

(0.03)

$

0.81

Diluted (loss) earnings per share:

 

  

 

  

Weighted average shares of common stock outstanding, including effect of dilutive securities

 

385

 

384

Diluted (loss) earnings per common share available to Edison International common shareholders

$

(0.03)

$

0.81

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

20

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income

Edison International

Three months ended

March 31, 

(in millions, unaudited)

    

2024

    

2023

Net income

$

52

$

365

Other comprehensive income, net of tax:

 

  

 

  

Foreign currency translation adjustments

2

Other comprehensive income, net of tax

 

 

2

Comprehensive income

 

52

 

367

Less: Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interests

 

41

 

29

Comprehensive income attributable to Edison International

$

11

$

338

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

21

Consolidated Balance Sheets

Edison International

March 31, 

December 31, 

(in millions, unaudited)

    

2024

    

2023

ASSETS

 

  

 

  

Cash and cash equivalents

$

992

$

345

Receivables, less allowances of $342 and $360 for uncollectible accounts at respective dates

 

1,890

 

2,016

Accrued unbilled revenue

 

777

 

742

Inventory

 

519

 

527

Prepaid expenses

 

244

 

112

Regulatory assets

 

2,989

 

2,524

Wildfire Insurance Fund contributions