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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
______________________
FORM 10-Q


QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES
EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended December 31, 2023

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES
EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from ____________________ to __________________

Commission file number 1-278

EMERSON ELECTRIC CO.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Missouri
logo_emersona12.jpg
43-0259330
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
8000 W. Florissant Ave. 
 
P.O. Box 4100
St. Louis,Missouri63136
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip Code)

Registrant's telephone number, including area code: (314) 553-2000

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading
Symbol(s)
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock of $0.50 par value per shareEMRNew York Stock Exchange
NYSE Chicago
0.375% Notes due 2024EMR 24New York Stock Exchange
1.250% Notes due 2025EMR 25ANew York Stock Exchange
2.000% Notes due 2029EMR 29New York Stock Exchange

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).
Yes No









Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filer
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company
Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes  No

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date. Common stock of $0.50 par value per share outstanding at December 31, 2023: 571.7 million shares.








PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements

Consolidated Statements of Earnings
EMERSON ELECTRIC CO. & SUBSIDIARIES
Three months ended December 31, 2022 and 2023
(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts; unaudited)
 
 Three Months Ended
December 31,
 2022 2023 
Net sales$3,373 4,117 
Cost of sales1,753 2,201 
Selling, general and administrative expenses1,030 1,277 
Other deductions, net120 487 
Interest expense (net of interest income of $20 and $40, respectively)
48 44 
Interest income from related party (31)
Earnings from continuing operations before income taxes422 139 
Income taxes98 7 
Earnings from continuing operations324 132 
Discontinued operations, net of tax of $966 and $, respectively
2,002  
Net earnings2,326 132 
Less: Noncontrolling interests in subsidiaries(5)(10)
Net earnings common stockholders$2,331 142 
Earnings common stockholders:
Earnings from continuing operations$329 142 
Discontinued operations2,002  
Net earnings common stockholders$2,331 142 
Basic earnings per share common stockholders:
     Earnings from continuing operations$0.56 0.25 
     Discontinued operations3.43  
Basic earnings per common share$3.99 0.25 
Diluted earnings per share common stockholders:
Earnings from continuing operations$0.56 0.25 
Discontinued operations3.41  
Diluted earnings per common share$3.97 0.25 
Weighted average outstanding shares:
Basic583.6 570.8 
Diluted586.7 573.3 
 See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.





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Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
EMERSON ELECTRIC CO. & SUBSIDIARIES

Three months ended December 31, 2022 and 2023
(Dollars in millions; unaudited)
 Three Months Ended December 31,
 2022 2023 
Net earnings$2,326 132 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:
Foreign currency translation241 174 
Pension and postretirement(16)(12)
Cash flow hedges10 3 
        Total other comprehensive income (loss)235 165 
Comprehensive income2,561 297 
Less: Noncontrolling interests in subsidiaries (8)
Comprehensive income common stockholders$2,561 305 


































See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.





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Consolidated Balance Sheets
EMERSON ELECTRIC CO. & SUBSIDIARIES

(Dollars and shares in millions, except per share amounts; unaudited)
 Sept 30, 2023Dec 31, 2023
ASSETS  
Current assets  
Cash and equivalents$8,051 2,076 
Receivables, less allowances of $100 and $112, respectively
2,518 2,759 
Inventories2,006 2,432 
Other current assets1,244 1,399 
Total current assets13,819 8,666 
Property, plant and equipment, net2,363 2,701 
Other assets 
Goodwill14,480 17,983 
Other intangible assets6,263 11,270 
Copeland note receivable and equity investment3,255 3,253 
Other2,566 2,640 
Total other assets26,564 35,146 
Total assets$42,746 46,513 
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY  
Current liabilities  
Short-term borrowings and current maturities of long-term debt$547 3,227 
Accounts payable1,275 1,234 
Accrued expenses3,210 3,304 
Total current liabilities5,032 7,765 
Long-term debt7,610 7,632 
Other liabilities3,506 4,561 
Equity  
Common stock, $0.50 par value; authorized, 1,200.0 shares; issued, 953.4 shares; outstanding, 572.0 shares and 571.7 shares, respectively
477 477 
Additional paid-in-capital62 140 
Retained earnings40,070 39,910 
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)(1,253)(1,090)
Cost of common stock in treasury, 381.4 shares and 381.7 shares, respectively
(18,667)(18,763)
Common stockholders’ equity20,689 20,674 
Noncontrolling interests in subsidiaries5,909 5,881 
Total equity26,598 26,555 
Total liabilities and equity$42,746 46,513 
See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.





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Consolidated Statements of Equity
EMERSON ELECTRIC CO. & SUBSIDIARIES

Three months ended December 31, 2022 and 2023
(Dollars in millions; unaudited)
Three Months Ended December 31,
2022 2023 
Common stock$477 477 
Additional paid-in-capital
     Beginning balance57 62 
     Stock plans55 119 
     AspenTech purchases of common stock (41)
        Ending balance112 140 
Retained earnings
     Beginning balance28,053 40,070 
     Net earnings common stockholders2,331 142 
Dividends paid (per share: $0.52 and $0.525, respectively)
(308)(302)
        Ending balance30,076 39,910 
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)
     Beginning balance(1,485)(1,253)
     Foreign currency translation236 172 
     Pension and postretirement(16)(12)
     Cash flow hedges10 3 
        Ending balance(1,255)(1,090)
Treasury stock
     Beginning balance(16,738)(18,667)
     Purchases(2,000)(175)
     Issued under stock plans55 79 
        Ending balance(18,683)(18,763)
Common stockholders' equity10,727 20,674 
Noncontrolling interests in subsidiaries
     Beginning balance5,952 5,909 
     Net earnings (loss)(5)(10)
     Stock plans35 11 
     AspenTech purchases of common stock (31)
     Other comprehensive income5 2 
        Ending balance5,987 5,881 
Total equity$16,714 26,555 

See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.





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Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
EMERSON ELECTRIC CO. & SUBSIDIARIES
Three Months Ended December 31, 2022 and 2023
(Dollars in millions; unaudited)
Three Months Ended
December 31,
 2022 2023 
Operating activities  
Net earnings$2,326 132 
Earnings from discontinued operations, net of tax(2,002) 
Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to net cash provided by operating activities:
        Depreciation and amortization260 422 
        Stock compensation102 74 
        Amortization of acquisition-related inventory step-up 231 
        Changes in operating working capital(289)(247)
        Other, net(95)(168)
            Cash from continuing operations302 444 
            Cash from discontinued operations116 (29)
            Cash provided by operating activities418 415 
Investing activities
Capital expenditures(59)(77)
Purchases of businesses, net of cash and equivalents acquired (8,339)
Proceeds from subordinated interest15  
Other, net(23)(37)
    Cash from continuing operations(67)(8,453)
    Cash from discontinued operations2,953 1 
    Cash provided by (used in) investing activities2,886 (8,452)
Financing activities
Net increase (decrease) in short-term borrowings(539)2,647 
Payments of long-term debt(9) 
Dividends paid(306)(300)
Purchases of common stock(2,000)(175)
AspenTech purchases of common stock (72)
Other, net(41)(45)
    Cash provided by (used in) financing activities(2,895)2,055 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and equivalents58 7 
Increase (decrease) in cash and equivalents467 (5,975)
Beginning cash and equivalents1,804 8,051 
Ending cash and equivalents$2,271 2,076 
Changes in operating working capital
Receivables$78 94 
Inventories(193)(97)
Other current assets14 (3)
Accounts payable(58)(89)
Accrued expenses(130)(152)
Total changes in operating working capital$(289)(247)
See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.





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Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
EMERSON ELECTRIC CO. & SUBSIDIARIES

(Dollars and shares in millions, except per share amounts or where noted)

(1) BASIS OF PRESENTATION

In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements include all adjustments necessary for a fair presentation of operating results for the interim periods presented. Adjustments consist of normal and recurring accruals. The consolidated financial statements are presented in accordance with the requirements of Form 10-Q and consequently do not include all disclosures required for annual financial statements presented in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP). For further information, refer to the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended September 30, 2023.

(2) REVENUE RECOGNITION

Emerson is a global manufacturer that designs and manufactures products and delivers services that bring technology and engineering together to provide innovative solutions for its customers. The majority of the Company's revenues relate to a broad offering of manufactured products and software which are recognized at the point in time when control transfers, while a smaller portion is recognized over time or relates to sales arrangements with multiple performance obligations. See Note 14 for additional information about the Company's revenues.

The following table summarizes the balances of the Company's unbilled receivables (contract assets), which are reported in Other assets (current and noncurrent), and its customer advances (contract liabilities), which are reported in Accrued expenses and Other liabilities.     
Sept 30, 2023Dec 31, 2023
Unbilled receivables (contract assets)$1,453 1,502 
Customer advances (contract liabilities)(897)(1,225)
      Net contract assets (liabilities)$556 277 
    
The majority of the Company's contract balances relate to (1) arrangements where revenue is recognized over time and payments from customers are made according to a contractual billing schedule, and (2) revenue from term software license arrangements where the license revenue is recognized upfront upon delivery. The decrease in net contract assets was primarily due to the acquisition of National Instruments, which increased contract liabilities by approximately $200, while customer billings slightly exceeded revenue recognized for performance completed during the period. Revenue recognized for the three months ended December 31, 2023 included $368 that was included in the beginning contract liability balance. Other factors that impacted the change in net contract assets were immaterial. Revenue recognized for the three months ended December 31, 2023 for performance obligations that were satisfied in previous periods, including cumulative catchup adjustments on the Company's long-term contracts, was immaterial.

As of December 31, 2023, the Company's backlog relating to unsatisfied (or partially unsatisfied) performance obligations in contracts with its customers was approximately $8.8 billion (of which $1.2 billion was attributable to AspenTech and approximately $500 was attributable to the National Instruments acquisition). The Company expects to recognize approximately 75 percent of its remaining performance obligations as revenue over the next 12 months, with the remainder substantially over the following two years.     






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(3) COMMON SHARES

Reconciliations of weighted-average shares for basic and diluted earnings per common share follow. Earnings allocated to participating securities were inconsequential.
Three Months Ended
December 31,
 2022 2023 
Basic shares outstanding583.6 570.8 
Dilutive shares3.1 2.5 
Diluted shares outstanding586.7 573.3 
 
(4) ACQUISITIONS AND DIVESTITURES

National Instruments

On October 11, 2023, the Company completed the acquisition of National Instruments Corporation (“NI”). NI, which provides software-connected automated test and measurement systems that enable enterprises to bring products to market faster and at a lower cost, had revenues of approximately $1.7 billion and pretax earnings of approximately $170 for the 12 months ended September 30, 2023. NI is now referred to as Test & Measurement and reported as a new segment in the Software and Control business group, see Note 14.

The following table summarizes the components of the purchase consideration reflected in the acquisition accounting for NI.
Cash paid to acquire remaining NI shares not already owned by Emerson$7,833 
Payoff of NI debt at closing634 
Total consideration paid in cash at closing8,467 
Fair value of NI shares already owned by Emerson prior to acquisition137 
Value of stock-based compensation awards attributable to pre-combination service49 
Total purchase consideration$8,653 

The total purchase consideration for NI was allocated to assets and liabilities as follows. Valuations of acquired assets and liabilities are in-process and subject to refinement.

Cash and equivalents$135 
Receivables310 
Inventory524 
Other current assets140 
Property, plant and equipment336 
Goodwill ($130 expected to be tax-deductible)
3,418 
Other intangible assets5,275 
Other assets116 
Total assets10,254 
Accounts payable54 
Accrued expenses325 
Deferred taxes and other liabilities1,222 
Total purchase consideration$8,653 









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The estimated intangible assets attributable to the transaction are comprised of the following (in millions):

AmountEstimated Weighted Average Life (Years)
Developed technology $1,570 9
Customer relationships 3,360 15
Trade names210 9
Backlog135 1
Total $5,275 

Results of operations for the three months ended December 31, 2023 attributable to the NI acquisition include sales of $382 and a net loss of $326. The net loss included the impact of inventory step-up amortization, intangibles amortization, retention bonuses, stock compensation expense and restructuring.

Pro Forma Financial Information

The following unaudited proforma consolidated condensed financial results of operations are presented as if the acquisition of NI occurred on October 1, 2022. The pro forma information is presented for informational purposes only and is not indicative of the results of operations that would have been achieved had the acquisition occurred as of that time ($ in millions, except per share amounts).
 Three Months Ended December 31,
 2022 2023 
Net Sales$3,821 4,136 
Net earnings from continuing operations common stockholders$(141)420 
Diluted earnings per share from continuing operations$(0.24)0.73 

The pro forma results for the three months ended December 31, 2022 include total transaction costs of $198 which were assumed to be incurred in the first quarter of fiscal 2023. These transaction costs include $88 incurred by NI prior to the completion of the transaction and $110 incurred by Emerson in periods subsequent to the first quarter of fiscal 2023. The pro forma results for the three months ended December 31, 2022 also include $105 of ongoing intangibles amortization, as well as backlog amortization of $34, inventory step-up amortization of $213, and retention bonuses of $43 which were all assumed to be incurred in the first quarter of fiscal 2023.

Other Transactions

In the fourth quarter of fiscal 2023, the Company acquired two businesses, Flexim, which is reported in the Measurement & Analytical segment, and Afag, which is reported in the Discrete Automation segment, for $712, net of cash acquired. The Company recognized goodwill of $428 (none of which is expected to be tax deductible) and other identifiable intangible assets of $323, primarily customer relationships and intellectual property with a weighted-average useful life of approximately 9 years.

On March 31, 2023, Emerson completed the divestiture of Metran, its Russia-based manufacturing subsidiary. In the first quarter of fiscal 2023, the Company recognized a pretax loss of $47 in Other deductions ($47 after-tax, in total $0.08 per share) related to its exit of business operations in Russia.
(5) DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS

On May 31, 2023, the Company completed the sale of a majority stake in its Climate Technologies business (which constitutes the former Climate Technologies segment, excluding Therm-O-Disc which was divested earlier in fiscal 2022) to private equity funds managed by Blackstone in a $14.0 billion transaction. Emerson received upfront, pre-tax cash proceeds of approximately $9.7 billion and a note receivable with a face value of $2.25 billion (which accrues 5 percent interest payable in kind by capitalizing interest), while retaining a 40 percent non-controlling common equity interest in a new standalone joint venture between Emerson and Blackstone. The Climate Technologies business,





8




which includes the Copeland compressor business and the entire portfolio of products and services across all residential and commercial HVAC and refrigeration end-markets, had fiscal 2022 net sales of approximately $5.0 billion and pretax earnings of $1.0 billion. The Company recognized a pretax gain of approximately $10.6 billion in the third quarter of fiscal 2023 (approximately $8.4 billion after-tax including tax expense recognized prior to the completion of the transaction related to subsidiary restructurings). The new standalone business is named Copeland. See Note 10 for further details.

On October 31, 2022, the Company completed the divestiture of its InSinkErator business, which manufactures food waste disposers, to Whirlpool Corporation for $3.0 billion. This business had net sales of $630 and pretax earnings of $152 in fiscal 2022. The Company recognized a pretax gain of approximately $2.8 billion (approximately $2.1 billion after-tax) in the first quarter of fiscal 2023.

The financial results of Climate Technologies and InSinkErator ("ISE") are reported as discontinued operations for the three months ended December 31, 2022 and were as follows:

Three Months Ended December 31, 2022
 Climate TechnologiesISETotal
Net sales $1,064 49 1,113 
Cost of sales 702 29 731 
SG&A142 8 150 
Gain on sale of business  (2,780)(2,780)
Other deductions, net 32 12 44 
Earnings before income taxes 188 2,780 2,968 
Income taxes 313 653 966 
Earnings, net of tax $(125)2,127 2,002 

Climate Technologies' results for the three months ended December 31, 2022 included lower expense of $27 due to ceasing depreciation and amortization upon the held-for-sale classification. Other deductions, net for Climate Technologies included $27 of transaction-related costs for the three months ended December 31, 2022. Income taxes for the three months ended December 31, 2022 included approximately $275 for Climate Technologies subsidiary restructurings and approximately $660 related to the gain on the InSinkErator divestiture.

Net cash from operating and investing activities for Climate Technologies, InSinkErator and Therm-O-Disc for the three months ended December 31, 2023 and 2022 were as follows:

Climate TechnologiesISE and TODTotal
 Three Months Ended December 31,Three Months Ended December 31,Three Months Ended December 31,
 2022 2023 2022 2023 2022 2023 
Cash from operating activities$205 (29)(89) 116 (29)
Cash from investing activities$(43)1 2,996  2,953 1 

For the three months ended December 31, 2022, net cash from operating activities reflects the payment of ISE transaction fees and unfavorable working capital. Cash from investing activities reflects the proceeds of approximately $3.0 billion related to the InSinkErator divestiture.






9




(6) PENSION & POSTRETIREMENT PLANS

Total periodic pension and postretirement (income) expense is summarized below:
 Three Months Ended December 31,
 2022 2023 
Service cost$12 9 
Interest cost54 55 
Expected return on plan assets
(71)(74)
Net amortization(20)(14)
Total$(25)(24)

(7) OTHER DEDUCTIONS, NET

Other deductions, net are summarized below:
 Three Months Ended
December 31,
 2022 2023 
Amortization of intangibles (intellectual property and customer relationships)$118 274 
Restructuring costs10 83 
Acquisition/divestiture costs 80 
Foreign currency transaction (gains) losses(7)34 
Investment-related gains & gains from sales of capital assets
(4) 
Loss on Copeland equity method investment 36 
Russia business exit47  
Other(44)(20)
Total$120 487 

Intangibles amortization for the three months ended December 31, 2023 included $139 related to the NI acquisition. Foreign currency transaction gains for the three months ended December 31, 2022 included a mark-to-market gain of $35 related to foreign currency forward contracts that were terminated in June 2023. Other is composed of several items, including pension expense, litigation costs, provision for bad debt and other items, none of which is individually significant.







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(8) RESTRUCTURING COSTS

Restructuring expense reflects costs associated with the Company’s ongoing efforts to improve operational efficiency and deploy assets globally in order to remain competitive on a worldwide basis. The Company expects fiscal 2024 restructuring expense and related costs to be approximately $250, including costs to complete actions initiated in the first three months of the year.

Restructuring expense by business segment follows:

 Three Months Ended December 31,
 2022 2023 
Final Control$(1)3 
Measurement & Analytical1 3 
Discrete Automation1 10 
Safety & Productivity  
Intelligent Devices1 16 
Control Systems & Software1 1 
Test & Measurement 40 
AspenTech  
Software and Control 1 41 
Corporate8 26 
Total$10 83 
Corporate restructuring of $26 for the three months ended December 31, 2023 is comprised entirely of integration-related stock compensation expense attributable to NI.
Details of the change in the liability for restructuring costs during the three months ended December 31, 2023 follow:
 Sept 30, 2023ExpenseUtilized/PaidDec 31, 2023
Severance and benefits$85 79 56 108 
Other2 4 3 3 
Total$87 83 59 111 
The tables above do not include $5 and $4 of costs related to restructuring actions incurred for the three months ended December 31, 2022 and 2023, respectively, that are required to be reported in cost of sales.
 
(9) TAXES

Income taxes were $7 in the first quarter of fiscal 2024 and $98 in 2023, resulting in effective tax rates of 5 percent and 23 percent, respectively. The current year rate included a $57 ($0.10 per share) benefit related to discrete tax items and the impact of inventory step-up amortization, which in total had a 16 percentage point impact on the rate. The prior year rate included a 2 percentage point unfavorable impact related to the Russia charge, which had no related tax benefit.








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(10) EQUITY METHOD INVESTMENT AND NOTE RECEIVABLE

As discussed in Note 5, the Company completed the divestiture of a majority stake in Copeland on May 31, 2023, and received upfront, pre-tax cash proceeds of approximately $9.7 billion and a note receivable with a face value of $2.25 billion, while retaining a 40 percent non-controlling common equity interest in Copeland.
The Company records its share of Copeland's income or loss using the equity method of accounting. For the three months ended December 31, 2023 the Company recorded a loss of $36 in Other deductions to reflect its share of Copeland's losses and a tax benefit of $9 in Income taxes related to Copeland's U.S. business, which is taxed as a partnership (in total, a loss of $0.04 per share). The Company recognized non-cash interest income on the note receivable of $31, which is reported in Interest income from related party and capitalized to the carrying value of the note.
As of December 31, 2023, the carrying values of the retained equity investment and note receivable were $1,129 and $2,124, respectively.
Summarized financial information for Copeland for the three months ended December 31, 2023 is as follows.
 Three Months Ended December 31,
 2023 
Net sales $1,024 
Gross profit$345 
Income (loss) from continuing operations$(93)
Net income (loss)$(93)
Net income (loss) attributable to shareholders$(90)

(11) OTHER FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Sept 30, 2023Dec 31, 2023
Inventories
Finished products$446 624 
Raw materials and work in process1,560 1,808 
Total$2,006 2,432 
Property, plant and equipment, net  
Property, plant and equipment, at cost$5,524 5,953 
Less: Accumulated depreciation3,161 3,252 
     Total$2,363 2,701 
Goodwill by business segment
Final Control$2,660 2,687 
Measurement & Analytical1,545 1,568 
Discrete Automation892 910 
Safety & Productivity388 399 
Intelligent Devices5,485 5,564 
Control Systems & Software668 672 
Test & Measurement 3,418 
AspenTech8,327 8,329 
Software and Control 8,995 12,419 
     Total$14,480 17,983 





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Sept 30, 2023Dec 31, 2023
Other intangible assets  
Gross carrying amount$10,111 15,481 
Less: Accumulated amortization3,848 4,211 
     Net carrying amount$6,263 11,270 
Other intangible assets include customer relationships, net, of $3,353 and $6,612 and intellectual property, net, of $2,707 and $4,445 as of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2023, respectively.
The increase in goodwill and intangibles was primarily due to the NI acquisition. See Note 4.
Three Months Ended December 31,
2022 2023 
Depreciation and amortization expense include the following:
Depreciation expense$74 79 
Amortization of intangibles (includes $49 and $49 reported in Cost of Sales, respectively)
167 323 
Amortization of capitalized software19 20 
Total $260 422 
Amortization of intangibles included $139 related to the NI acquisition for the three months ended December 31, 2023.
Sept 30, 2023Dec 31, 2023
Other assets include the following:
Pension assets$995 1,024 
Operating lease right-of-use assets550 635 
Unbilled receivables (contract assets)559 606 
Deferred income taxes100 98 
Asbestos-related insurance receivables53 50 
As of December 31, 2023, the Company had one operating lease that had not yet commenced with a lease term of approximately 15 years and total undiscounted future minimum payments of approximately $80. This lease is expected to commence in the second quarter of fiscal 2024 and will be recorded as a right-of-use asset and lease liability.
Accrued expenses include the following:
Customer advances (contract liabilities)$861 1,133 
Employee compensation618 499 
Income taxes207 274 
Operating lease liabilities (current)144 157 
Product warranty84 73 
Other liabilities include the following:  
Deferred income taxes$1,959 2,827 
Operating lease liabilities (noncurrent)404 465 
Pension and postretirement liabilities435 449 
Asbestos litigation173 169 
The increase in deferred income tax liabilities reflects the impact of the NI acquisition. See Note 4.






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(12) FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS
Hedging Activities – As of December 31, 2023, the notional amount of foreign currency hedge positions was approximately $2.8 billion. All derivatives receiving hedge accounting are cash flow hedges. The majority of hedging gains and losses deferred as of December 31, 2023 are expected to be recognized over the next 12 months as the underlying forecasted transactions occur. Gains and losses on foreign currency derivatives reported in Other deductions, net reflect hedges of balance sheet exposures that do not receive hedge accounting.
Net Investment Hedge – In fiscal 2019, the Company issued euro-denominated debt of €1.5 billion. The euro notes reduce foreign currency risk associated with the Company's international subsidiaries that use the euro as their functional currency and have been designated as a hedge of a portion of the investment in these operations. Foreign currency gains or losses associated with the euro-denominated debt are deferred in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) and will remain until the hedged investment is sold or substantially liquidated.
The following gains and losses are included in earnings and other comprehensive income (OCI) for the three months ended December 31, 2022 and 2023:
Into EarningsInto OCI
1st Quarter1st Quarter
Gains (Losses)Location2022 2023 2022 2023 
CommodityCost of sales$(8) 11  
Foreign currency
Sales
(1) 4 7 
Foreign currency
Cost of sales
8 3 (3)1 
Foreign currency
Other deductions, net
5 15 
Net Investment Hedges
Euro denominated debt (123)(55)
     Total $4 18 (111)(47)

Regardless of whether derivatives and non-derivative financial instruments receive hedge accounting, the Company expects hedging gains or losses to be offset by losses or gains on the related underlying exposures. The amounts ultimately recognized will differ from those presented above for open positions, which remain subject to ongoing market price fluctuations until settlement. Derivatives receiving hedge accounting are highly effective and no amounts were excluded from the assessment of hedge effectiveness.
Fair Value Measurement – Valuations for all derivatives, the Company's note receivable from Copeland, and the Company's long-term debt fall within Level 2 of the GAAP valuation hierarchy. The fair value of the note receivable as of December 31, 2023 was approximately $2.0 billion, which was lower than the carrying value by approximately $100. See Note 10 for further details. As of December 31, 2023, the fair value of long-term debt was approximately $7.4 billion, which was lower than the carrying value by $847. The fair value of foreign currency contracts, which are reported in Other current assets and Accrued expenses, did not materially change since September 30, 2023. Commodity contracts related to discontinued operations and were novated to Copeland upon the completion of the transaction.
Counterparties to derivatives arrangements are companies with investment-grade credit ratings. The Company has bilateral collateral arrangements with counterparties with credit rating-based posting thresholds that vary depending on the arrangement. If credit ratings on the Company's debt fall below pre-established levels, counterparties can require immediate full collateralization of all derivatives in net liability positions. The maximum amount that could potentially have been required was immaterial. The Company also can demand full collateralization of derivatives in net asset positions should any counterparty credit ratings fall below certain thresholds. No collateral was posted with counterparties and none was held by the Company as of December 31, 2023.






14




(13) ACCUMULATED OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
Activity in Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) for the three months ended December 31, 2022 and 2023 is shown below, net of income taxes: 
Three Months Ended December 31,
2022 2023 
Foreign currency translation
   Beginning balance$(1,265)(1,012)
   Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax of $28 and $13, respectively
236 172 
   Ending balance(1,029)(840)
Pension and postretirement
   Beginning balance(222)(247)
Amortization of deferred actuarial losses into earnings, net of tax of $4 and $2, respectively
(16)(12)
   Ending balance(238)(259)
Cash flow hedges
   Beginning balance2 6 
Gains deferred during the period, net of taxes of $(3) and $(2), respectively
9 6 
   Reclassification of realized (gains) losses to sales and cost of sales, net of tax of $ and $, respectively
1 (3)
   Ending balance12 9 
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)$(1,255)(1,090)






15




(14) BUSINESS SEGMENTS

As disclosed in Note 4, the Company completed the acquisition of NI on October 11, 2023. NI is now referred to as Test & Measurement and reported as a new segment in the Software and Control business group.

Summarized information about the Company's results of operations by business segment follows:

 Three Months Ended December 31,
 SalesEarnings (Loss)
 2022 2023 2022 2023 
Final Control$862 940 158 194 
Measurement & Analytical749 947 175 235 
Discrete Automation618 613 121 97 
Safety & Productivity310 322 63 68 
Intelligent Devices2,539 2,822 517 594 
Control Systems & Software606 675 107 149 
Test & Measurement 382  (78)
AspenTech243 257 (33)(35)
Software and Control849 1,314 74 36 
Stock compensation
(102)(74)
Unallocated pension and postretirement costs45 31 
Corporate and other(64)(399)
Loss on Copeland equity method investment (36)
Eliminations/Interest(15)(19)(48)(44)
Interest income from related party 31 
     Total$3,373 4,117 422 139 
Stock compensation for the three months ended December 31, 2023 included $30 of integration-related stock compensation expense attributable to NI ($26 of which was reported as restructuring costs). Corporate and other for the three months ended December 31, 2023 included acquisition-related inventory step-up amortization of $231 and acquisition/divestiture fees and related costs of $130, while 2022 included a loss of $47 related to the Company's exit of business operations in Russia and a mark-to-market gain of $35 related to foreign currency forward contracts that were terminated in June 2023.






16




Depreciation and amortization (includes intellectual property, customer relationships and capitalized software) by business segment are summarized below:
Three Months Ended December 31,
2022 2023 
Final Control$45 40 
Measurement & Analytical30 40 
Discrete Automation21 22 
Safety & Productivity14 14 
Intelligent Devices110 116 
Control Systems & Software21 21 
Test & Measurement 151 
AspenTech123 123 
Software and Control144 295 
Corporate and other6 11 
     Total$260 422 
Test & Measurement depreciation and amortization for the three months ended December 31, 2023 included intangibles amortization of $139 due to the acquisition.
Sales by geographic destination, Americas, Asia, Middle East & Africa ("AMEA") and Europe, are summarized below:
Three Months Ended December 31,Three Months Ended December 31,
20222023
AmericasAMEAEurope Total AmericasAMEAEurope Total
Final Control$446 308 108 862 454 370 116 940 
Measurement & Analytical396 246 107 749 475 325 147 947 
Discrete Automation291 175 152 618 286 162 165 613 
Safety & Productivity236 17 57 310 243 16 63 322 
Intelligent Devices1,369 746 424 2,539 1,458 873 491 2,822 
Control Systems & Software294 185 127 606 325 209 141 675 
Test & Measurement    164 99 119 382 
AspenTech112 63 68 243 140 60 57 257 
Software and Control406 248 195 849 629 368 317 1,314 
     Total$1,775 994 619 3,388 2,087 1,241 808 4,136 





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Items 2 and 3.

Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 
(Dollars are in millions, except per share amounts or where noted)

OVERVIEW

On October 11, 2023, the Company completed the acquisition of National Instruments Corporation (“NI”), which is now referred to as Test & Measurement and reported as a new segment in the Software and Control business group. NI provides software-connected automated test and measurement systems that enable enterprises to bring products to market faster and at a lower cost, and had revenues of approximately $1.7 billion for the 12 months ended September 30, 2023. See Note 4.

For the first quarter of fiscal 2024, net sales were $4.1 billion, up 22 percent compared with the prior year. Underlying sales, which exclude foreign currency translation, acquisitions and divestitures, were up 10 percent. Foreign currency translation had a 1 percent favorable impact, the Test & Measurement acquisition added 12 percent and the divestiture of Metran, Emerson's Russia-based manufacturing subsidiary, deducted 1 percent.
Earnings from continuing operations attributable to common stockholders were $142, down 57 percent, and diluted earnings per share from continuing operations were $0.25, down 55 percent compared with $0.56 in the prior year. Adjusted diluted earnings per share from continuing operations were $1.22, up 56 percent compared with $0.78 in the prior year, reflecting the strong sales growth and operating performance, as well as a $0.13 contribution from Test & Measurement.

The table below presents the Company's diluted earnings per share from continuing operations on an adjusted basis to facilitate period-to-period comparisons and provide additional insight into the underlying, ongoing operating performance of the Company. Adjusted diluted earnings per share from continuing operations excludes intangibles amortization expense, restructuring expense, first year purchase accounting related items and transaction-related costs, and certain gains, losses or impairments.
Three Months Ended Dec 3120222023
Diluted earnings from continuing operations per share $0.56 0.25 
Amortization of intangibles0.15 0.36 
Restructuring and related costs0.02 0.12 
Acquisition/divestiture fees and related costs— 0.17 
Amortization of acquisition-related inventory step-up— 0.38 
Loss on Copeland equity method investment— 0.04 
Discrete tax benefits— (0.10)
Russia business exit0.08  
AspenTech Micromine purchase price hedge(0.03) 
Adjusted diluted earnings from continuing operations per share$0.78 1.22 





18




The table below summarizes the changes in adjusted diluted earnings per share from continuing operations. The items identified below are discussed throughout MD&A, see further discussion above and in the Business Segments and Financial Position sections below.
Three Months Ended
Adjusted diluted earnings from continuing operations per share - Dec 31, 2022
$0.78 
    Operations0.33 
    Stock compensation0.08 
    Interest income from related party0.04 
    Share count0.02 
    Effective tax rate(0.03)
Adjusted diluted earnings from continuing operations per share - Dec 31, 2023
$1.22 

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED DECEMBER 31

Following is an analysis of the Company’s operating results for the first quarter ended December 31, 2022, compared with the first quarter ended December 31, 2023.
20222023Change
(dollars in millions, except per share amounts)   
Net sales$3,373 4,117 22 %
Gross profit$1,620 1,916 18 %
Percent of sales48.0 %46.5 %(1.5) pts
SG&A$1,030 1,277 24 %
Percent of sales30.5 %31.0 %0.5 pts
Other deductions, net$120 487  
Amortization of intangibles$118 274 
Restructuring costs$10 83 
Interest expense, net$48 44  
Interest income from related party$— (31)
Earnings from continuing operations before income taxes$422 139 (67)%
Percent of sales12.5 %3.4 %(9.1) pts
Earnings from continuing operations common stockholders$329 142 (57)%
Percent of sales9.8 %3.4 %(6.4) pts
Net earnings common stockholders$2,331 142 (94)%
Diluted EPS - Earnings from continuing operations$0.56 0.25 (55)%
Diluted EPS - Net earnings$3.97 0.25 (94)%
Adjusted Diluted EPS - Earnings from continuing operations$0.78 1.22 56 %

Net sales for the first quarter of fiscal 2024 were $4.1 billion, up 22 percent compared with 2023. Intelligent Devices sales were up 11 percent, while Software and Control sales were up 55 percent, which included the impact of the Test & Measurement acquisition. Underlying sales were up 10 percent on 8 percent higher volume and 2 percent higher price. Foreign currency translation had a 1 percent favorable impact, the Test & Measurement acquisition added 12 percent and the divestiture of Metran, Emerson's Russia-based manufacturing subsidiary, deducted 1 percent. Underlying sales were up 9 percent in the U.S. and up 11 percent internationally. The Americas was up 8 percent, Europe was up 10 percent, and Asia, Middle East & Africa was up 15 percent (China up 9 percent).






19




Cost of sales for the first quarter of fiscal 2024 were $2,201, an increase of $448 compared with 2023, reflecting the impact of higher volume and the Test & Measurement acquisition. Gross margin of 46.5% decreased 1.5 percentage points, reflecting the impact from acquisition-related inventory step-up amortization of $231, which negatively impacted margins by 5.6 percentage points. Excluding this impact, gross margin improved due to the Test & Measurement acquisition and higher price.
Selling, general and administrative (SG&A) expenses of $1,277 increased $247 and SG&A as a percent of sales increased 0.5 percentage points to 31.0 percent compared with the prior year, reflecting the impact of the Test & Measurement acquisition, partially offset by lower stock compensation expense and strong operating leverage on higher sales.
Other deductions, net were $487 for the first quarter of fiscal 2024, an increase of $367 compared with the prior year. The current year included intangibles amortization related to the Test & Measurement acquisition of $139, restructuring costs of $83, acquisition/divestiture costs of $80 and a loss of $36 on the Company's equity method investment in Copeland. The prior year included a charge of $47 related to the Company exiting its business in Russia and a mark-to-market gain of $35 related to foreign currency forward contracts that were terminated in June 2023. See Note 7 and Note 10.

Pretax earnings from continuing operations of $139 decreased $283, down 67 percent compared with the prior year. Earnings increased $77 in Intelligent Devices and decreased $38 in Software and Control, see the Business Segments discussion that follows and Note 14.

Income taxes were $7 in the first quarter of fiscal 2024 and $98 in 2023, resulting in effective tax rates of 5 percent and 23 percent, respectively. The current year rate included a $57 ($0.10 per share) benefit related to discrete tax items and the impact of inventory step-up amortization, which in total had a 16 percentage point impact on the rate. The prior year rate included a 2 percentage point unfavorable impact related to the Russia charge, which had no related tax benefit.

Earnings from continuing operations attributable to common stockholders were $142, down 57 percent, and diluted earnings per share from continuing operations were $0.25, down 55 percent compared with $0.56 in the prior year. Adjusted diluted earnings per share from continuing operations were $1.22 compared with $0.78 in the prior year, reflecting strong operating results. See the analysis above of adjusted earnings per share for further details.

Earnings from discontinued operations were $2,002 ($3.41 per share) in the prior year, reflecting the $2.1 billion after-tax gain on the InSinkErator divestiture. See Note 5.

Net earnings common stockholders in the first quarter of fiscal 2024 were $142 compared with $2,331 in the prior year, and earnings per share were $0.25 compared with $3.97 in the prior year.

The table below, which shows results from continuing operations on an adjusted EBITA basis, is intended to supplement the Company's discussion of its results of operations herein. The Company defines adjusted EBITA as earnings from continuing operations excluding interest expense, net, income taxes, intangibles amortization expense, restructuring expense, first year purchase accounting related items and transaction-related costs, gains or losses on the Copeland equity method investment, and certain gains, losses or impairments. Adjusted EBITA and adjusted EBITA margin are measures used by management and may be useful for investors to evaluate the Company's operational performance.






20




Three Months Ended Dec 3120222023Change
Earnings from continuing operations before income taxes$422 139 (67)%
      Percent of sales12.5 %3.4 %(9.1) pts
    Interest expense, net48 44 
    Interest income from related party— (31)
    Amortization of intangibles 167 323 
    Restructuring and related costs15 87 
    Acquisition/divestiture fees and related costs— 134 
    Amortization of acquisition-related inventory step-up— 231 
    Loss on Copeland equity method investment— 36 
    Russia business exit47  
    AspenTech Micromine purchase price hedge gain(35) 
Adjusted EBITA from continuing operations$664 963 45 %
      Percent of sales19.7 %23.4 %3.7 pts







21




Business Segments
Following is an analysis of operating results for the Company’s business segments for the first quarter ended December 31, 2022, compared with the first quarter ended December 31, 2023. The Company defines segment earnings as earnings before interest and taxes. See Note 14 for a discussion of the Company's business segments.

INTELLIGENT DEVICES
20222023ChangeFXAcq/DivU/L
Sales:
Final Control $862 940 %(1)%1 %9 %
Measurement & Analytical749 947 26 % %2 %28 %
Discrete Automation 618 613 (1)%(1)% %(2)%
Safety & Productivity 310 322 %(1)% %3 %
     Total$2,539 2,822 11 %(1)%1 %11 %
Earnings:
Final Control $158 194 22 %
Measurement & Analytical175 235 34 %
Discrete Automation 121 97 (20)%
Safety & Productivity 63 68 %
     Total$517 594 15 %
     Margin20.4 %21.0 %0.6 pts
Amortization of intangibles:
Final Control$22 22 
Measurement & Analytical20 
Discrete Automation9 
Safety & Productivity6 
     Total$40 57 
Restructuring and related costs:
Final Control$7 
Measurement & Analytical3 
Discrete Automation