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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
 
     QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2022
OR
         TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Commission File Number 1-9317
EQUITY COMMONWEALTH
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)
Maryland04-6558834
(State or Other Jurisdiction of Incorporation or Organization)(IRS Employer Identification No.)
Two North Riverside Plaza, Suite 2100, Chicago, IL
60606
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)(Zip Code)
(312) 646-2800
(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code)

 Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Exchange Act:
Title Of Each ClassTrading SymbolName of Each Exchange On Which Registered
Common Shares of Beneficial InterestEQCThe New York Stock Exchange
6.50% Series D Cumulative Convertible Preferred Shares of Beneficial InterestEQCpDThe New York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant:  (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes ý  No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).  Yes ý  No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company.  See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. 
Large accelerated filer
Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer
Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes   No ý
Number of registrant’s common shares of beneficial interest, $0.01 par value per share, outstanding as of April 29, 2022:  112,670,136.



EQUITY COMMONWEALTH
 
FORM 10-Q
 
March 31, 2022
 
INDEX




 
EXPLANATORY NOTE
 
References in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q to the “Company,” “EQC,” “we,” “us” or “our,” refer to Equity Commonwealth and its consolidated subsidiaries as of March 31, 2022, unless the context indicates otherwise.

i

PART I.      Financial Information

Item 1.         Financial Statements.
EQUITY COMMONWEALTH
 CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(amounts in thousands, except share data)
(unaudited)
March 31,
2022
December 31,
2021
(audited)
ASSETS
Real estate properties:
Land$44,060 $44,060 
Buildings and improvements362,464 362,042 
406,524 406,102 
Accumulated depreciation(159,755)(156,439)
246,769 249,663 
Cash and cash equivalents2,721,929 2,800,998 
Rents receivable15,644 15,549 
Other assets, net15,676 15,173 
Total assets$3,000,018 $3,081,383 
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other$15,505 $19,762 
Rent collected in advance3,732 3,986 
Distributions payable514 2,365 
Total liabilities19,751 26,113 
Shareholders’ equity:
Preferred shares of beneficial interest, $0.01 par value: 50,000,000 shares authorized;
Series D preferred shares; 6.50% cumulative convertible; 4,915,196 shares issued and
   outstanding, aggregate liquidation preference of $122,880
119,263 119,263 
Common shares of beneficial interest, $0.01 par value: 350,000,000 shares authorized;
   112,670,401 and 115,205,818 shares issued and outstanding, respectively
1,127 1,152 
Additional paid in capital4,053,256 4,128,656 
Cumulative net income3,799,854 3,798,552 
Cumulative common distributions(4,280,826)(4,281,195)
Cumulative preferred distributions(719,697)(717,700)
Total shareholders’ equity2,972,977 3,048,728 
Noncontrolling interest7,290 6,542 
Total equity2,980,267 3,055,270 
Total liabilities and equity$3,000,018 $3,081,383 
See accompanying notes.
1

EQUITY COMMONWEALTH
 CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(amounts in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)
Three Months Ended March 31,
20222021
Revenues:
Rental revenue$15,840 $14,169 
Other revenue846 682 
Total revenues16,686 14,851 
Expenses:
Operating expenses4,533 6,621 
Depreciation and amortization4,412 4,351 
General and administrative8,002 15,729 
Total expenses16,947 26,701 
Interest and other income, net1,574 1,843 
Income (loss) before income taxes
1,313 (10,007)
Income tax expense(8)(31)
Net income (loss)1,305 (10,038)
Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interest(3)20 
Net income (loss) attributable to Equity Commonwealth1,302 (10,018)
Preferred distributions(1,997)(1,997)
Net loss attributable to Equity Commonwealth common shareholders
$(695)$(12,015)
Weighted average common shares outstanding — basic113,740 122,002 
Weighted average common shares outstanding — diluted113,740 122,002 
Earnings per common share attributable to Equity Commonwealth common shareholders:
Basic$(0.01)$(0.10)
Diluted
$(0.01)$(0.10)

See accompanying notes.
2

EQUITY COMMONWEALTH
 CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EQUITY
(amounts in thousands, except share data)
(unaudited)
 Equity Commonwealth Shareholders
Number of Series D Preferred SharesSeries D Preferred
Shares
Number of Common SharesCommon
Shares
Additional
Paid
in
Capital
Cumulative
Net
Income
Cumulative
Common
Distributions
Cumulative
Preferred
Distributions
Noncontrolling InterestTotal
Balance at January 1, 2022
4,915,196 $119,263 115,205,818 $1,152 $4,128,656 $3,798,552 $(4,281,195)$(717,700)$6,542 $3,055,270 
Net income— — — — — 1,302 — — 3 1,305 
Repurchase of shares— — (2,851,030)(29)(73,715)— — — — (73,744)
Surrender of shares for tax withholding— — (159,566)(1)(4,132)— — — — (4,133)
Share-based compensation— — 475,179 5 2,847 — — — 324 3,176 
Contributions— — — — — — — — 1 1 
Distributions— — — — — — 369 (1,997)20 (1,608)
Adjustment for noncontrolling interest
— — — — (400)— — — 400 — 
Balance at March 31, 2022
4,915,196 $119,263 112,670,401 $1,127 $4,053,256 $3,799,854 $(4,280,826)$(719,697)$7,290 $2,980,267 

 Equity Commonwealth Shareholders
Number of Series D Preferred SharesSeries D Preferred
Shares
Number of Common
Shares
Common
Shares
Additional
Paid
in
Capital
Cumulative
Net
Income
Cumulative
Common
Distributions
Cumulative
Preferred
Distributions
Noncontrolling InterestTotal
Balance at January 1, 2021
4,915,196 $119,263 121,522,555 $1,215 $4,294,632 $3,814,948 $(4,283,668)$(709,712)$6,486 $3,243,164 
Net loss— — — — — (10,018)— — (20)(10,038)
Surrender of shares for tax withholding— — (210,334)(2)(6,091)— — — — (6,093)
Share-based compensation— — 604,654 6 6,405 — — — 276 6,687 
Distributions— — — — — — (85)(1,997)(20)(2,102)
Adjustment for noncontrolling interest— — — — 280 — — — (280)— 
Balance at March 31, 2021
4,915,196 $119,263 121,916,875 $1,219 $4,295,226 $3,804,930 $(4,283,753)$(711,709)$6,442 $3,231,618 

See accompanying notes.
3

EQUITY COMMONWEALTH
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(amounts in thousands)
(unaudited)
Three Months Ended March 31,
20222021
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:
Net income (loss)$1,305 $(10,038)
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation3,776 3,769 
Straight-line rental income10 (307)
Other amortization636 582 
Share-based compensation3,176 6,687 
Change in assets and liabilities:
Rents receivable and other assets(1,265)269 
Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other(4,468)535 
Rent collected in advance(254)51 
Net cash provided by operating activities2,916 1,548 
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:
Real estate improvements(650)(3,607)
Net cash used in investing activities(650)(3,607)
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
Repurchase and retirement of common shares(77,877)(6,093)
Contributions from holders of noncontrolling interest1  
Distributions to common shareholders(1,462)(6,024)
Distributions to preferred shareholders(1,997)(1,997)
Net cash used in financing activities(81,335)(14,114)
Decrease in cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash(79,069)(16,173)
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash at beginning of period2,800,998 2,987,225 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period$2,721,929 $2,971,052 
See accompanying notes.



















4

EQUITY COMMONWEALTH 
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (CONTINUED)
(amounts in thousands)
(unaudited)
Three Months Ended March 31,
20222021
SUPPLEMENTAL CASH FLOW INFORMATION:
Taxes refunded, net(12)(12)
NON-CASH INVESTING ACTIVITIES:
Accrued capital expenditures$703 $840 
NON-CASH FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
Distributions payable$514 $5,072 
See accompanying notes.

5


EQUITY COMMONWEALTH
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Note 1.  Business

Equity Commonwealth, or the Company, is a real estate investment trust, or REIT, formed in 1986 under the laws of the State of Maryland. Our business is primarily the ownership and operation of office properties in the United States.

The Company operates in an umbrella partnership real estate investment trust, or UPREIT, and conducts substantially all of its activities through EQC Operating Trust, a Maryland real estate investment trust, or the Operating Trust. The Company beneficially owned 99.76% of the outstanding shares of beneficial interest, designated as units, in the Operating Trust, or OP Units, as of March 31, 2022, and the Company is the sole trustee of the Operating Trust.  As the sole trustee, the Company generally has the power under the declaration of trust of the Operating Trust to manage and conduct the business of the Operating Trust, subject to certain limited approval and voting rights of other holders of OP Units.

At March 31, 2022, our portfolio consisted of four properties (eight buildings), with a combined 1.5 million square feet. As of March 31, 2022, we had $2.7 billion of cash and cash equivalents.

Note 2.  Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Basis of Presentation

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements of EQC have been prepared without audit.  Certain information and footnote disclosures required by U.S. generally accepted accounting principles, or GAAP, for complete financial statements have been condensed or omitted.  We believe the disclosures made are appropriate.  The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K, or our Annual Report, for the year ended December 31, 2021.  Capitalized terms used, but not defined in this Quarterly Report, have the same meanings as in our Annual Report.

In the opinion of our management, all adjustments, which include only normal recurring adjustments considered necessary for a fair presentation, have been included.  All intercompany transactions and balances with or among our subsidiaries have been eliminated.  Operating results for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the full year.  Certain reclassifications have been made to the prior year’s financial statements to conform to the current year’s presentation.

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect reported amounts.  Actual results could differ from those estimates.  Significant estimates in the condensed consolidated financial statements include the assessment of the collectability of rental revenue, purchase price allocations, useful lives of fixed assets and impairment of real estate and intangible assets.

Dollar amounts presented may be approximate. Share amounts are presented in whole numbers, except where noted.

Note 3.  Real Estate Properties

During the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, we made improvements, excluding tenant-funded improvements, to our properties totaling $0.8 million and $3.5 million, respectively.

Property Dispositions:

We did not sell any properties during the three months ended March 31, 2022 or three months ended March 31, 2021.
6


EQUITY COMMONWEALTH
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)

Lease Payments

Rental revenue consists of the following (in thousands):
Three Months Ended March 31,
20222021
Lease payments$10,103 $9,257 
Variable lease payments5,737 4,912 
Rental revenue$15,840 $14,169 

Note 4.  Shareholders’ Equity
 
Common Share Issuances:

See Note 7 for information regarding equity issuances related to share-based compensation.

Common Share Repurchases:

On March 1, 2021, our Board of Trustees authorized the repurchase of up to $150.0 million of our outstanding common shares through June 30, 2022. On December 14, 2021, our Board of Trustees authorized the repurchase of up to an additional $150.0 million of our outstanding common shares through December 31, 2022. On March 15, 2022, our Board of Trustees authorized the repurchase of up to an additional $150.0 million of our outstanding common shares through June 30, 2023. During the three months ended March 31, 2022, we repurchased 2,851,030 of our common shares under the 2021 authorizations, at a weighted average price of $25.83 per share, for a total investment of $73.6 million. As of March 31, 2022, we have $202.2 million of remaining authorization available under our share repurchase program.

During the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, certain of our employees and former employees surrendered 159,566 and 210,334 common shares owned by them, respectively, to satisfy their statutory tax withholding obligations in connection with the vesting of such common shares pursuant to our equity compensation plans.

Common Share and Unit Distribution:

In February 2022, the number of earned awards for recipients of the Company’s restricted stock units granted in January 2019 was determined. Pursuant to the terms of such awards, we paid a one-time catch-up cash distribution to these recipients in the aggregate amount of $1.5 million for distributions to common shareholders declared by our Board of Trustees during such awards’ performance measurement period.

Preferred Share Distributions:

In 2022, our Board of Trustees declared distributions on our series D preferred shares to date as follows:
Declaration DateRecord DatePayment DateSeries D Dividend Per Share
January 11, 2022January 28, 2022February 15, 2022$0.40625 
April 11, 2022April 29, 2022May 16, 2022$0.40625 

Note 5.  Noncontrolling Interest

Noncontrolling interest represents the portion of the OP Units not beneficially owned by the Company. The ownership of an OP Unit and a common share of beneficial interest have essentially the same economic characteristics. Distributions with respect to OP Units will generally mirror distributions with respect to the Company’s common shares. Unitholders (other than the Company) generally have the right, commencing six months from the date of issuance of such OP Units, to cause the Operating Trust to redeem their OP Units in exchange for cash or, at the option of the Company, common shares of the Company on a one-for-one basis. As sole trustee, the Company has the sole discretion to elect whether the redemption right will be satisfied by the Company in cash or the Company’s common shares. As a result, the Noncontrolling interest is classified as permanent equity. As of March 31, 2022, the portion of the Operating Trust not beneficially owned by the
7


EQUITY COMMONWEALTH
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)

Company is in the form of OP Units and LTIP Units (see Note 7 for a description of LTIP Units). LTIP Units may be subject to additional vesting requirements.

The following table presents the changes in Equity Commonwealth’s issued and outstanding common shares and units for the three months ended March 31, 2022:
Common SharesOP Units and LTIP UnitsTotal
Outstanding at January 1, 2022
115,205,818 247,217 115,453,035 
Repurchase and surrender of shares(3,010,596) (3,010,596)
Share-based compensation grants and vesting, net of forfeitures
475,179 29,071 504,250 
Outstanding at March 31, 2022
112,670,401 276,288 112,946,689 
Noncontrolling ownership interest in the Operating Trust0.24 %

The carrying value of the Noncontrolling interest is allocated based on the number of OP Units and LTIP Units in proportion to the number of OP Units and LTIP Units plus the number of common shares. We adjust the Noncontrolling interest balance at the end of each period to reflect the noncontrolling partners’ interest in the net assets of the Operating Trust. Net income is allocated to the Noncontrolling interest in the Operating Trust based on the weighted average ownership percentage during the period. Equity Commonwealth’s weighted average ownership interest in the Operating Trust was 99.76% for the three months ended March 31, 2022, respectively.

Note 6.  Income Taxes
 
We have elected to be taxed as a REIT under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, and are generally not subject to federal and state income taxes provided we distribute a sufficient amount of our taxable income to our shareholders and meet other requirements for qualifying as a REIT.  However, we are subject to certain state and local taxes without regard to our REIT status.

Our provision for income taxes consists of the following (in thousands):
Three Months Ended March 31,
20222021
Current:
State and local
$(8)$(31)
Income tax expense$(8)$(31)


Note 7. Share-Based Compensation
Recipients of the Company’s restricted shares have the same voting rights as any other common shareholder. During the period of restriction, holders of unvested restricted shares are eligible to receive dividend payments on their shares at the same rate and on the same date as any other common shareholder.  The restricted shares are service based awards and vest over a service period determined by the Compensation Committee of our Board of Trustees, or the Compensation Committee.

Recipients of the Company’s restricted stock units, or RSUs, are entitled to receive dividends with respect to the common shares underlying the RSUs if and when the RSUs are earned, at which time the recipient will be entitled to receive an amount in cash equal to the aggregate amount of cash dividends that would have been paid in respect to the common shares underlying the recipient’s earned RSUs had such common shares been issued to the recipient on the first day of the performance period. To the extent that an award does not vest, the dividends related to unvested RSUs will be forfeited. The RSUs are market-based awards with a service condition and recipients may earn RSUs based on the Company’s total shareholder return, or TSR, relative to the TSRs of the companies that comprise the Nareit Office Index over a three-year performance period. Following the end of the three-year performance period, the number of earned awards will be determined. The earned awards vest in two tranches with 50% of the earned award vesting following the end of the performance period on the date the Compensation Committee determines the level of achievement of the performance metric and the remaining 50% of the earned award vesting
8


EQUITY COMMONWEALTH
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)

approximately one year thereafter, subject to the grant recipient’s continued employment. Compensation expense for the RSUs is determined using a Monte Carlo simulation model and is recognized ratably from the grant date to the vesting date of each tranche.

LTIP Units are a class of beneficial interests in the Operating Trust that may be issued to employees, officers or trustees of the Operating Trust, the Company or their subsidiaries. Time-based LTIP Units have the same general characteristics as restricted shares and market-based LTIP Units have the same general characteristics as RSUs. Each LTIP Unit will convert automatically into an OP Unit on a one-for-one basis when the LTIP Unit becomes vested and its capital account is equalized with the per-unit capital account of the OP Units. Holders of LTIP Units generally will be entitled to receive the same per-unit distributions as the other outstanding OP Units in the Operating Trust, except that market-based LTIP Units will not participate in distributions until expiration of the applicable performance period, at which time any earned market-based LTIP Units generally will become entitled to receive a catch-up distribution for the periods prior to such time.
2022 Equity Award Activity

During the three months ended March 31, 2022, 382,606 RSUs vested, and, as a result, we issued 382,606 common shares, prior to certain employees surrendering their common shares to satisfy tax withholding obligations (see Note 4).
On January 26, 2022, the Compensation Committee approved grants in the aggregate amount of 29,071 time-based LTIP Units, 59,024 market-based LTIP Units at target (147,117 market-based LTIP Units at maximum) 92,573 restricted shares and 187,951 RSUs at target (468,468 RSUs at maximum) to the Company’s officers, certain employees, and to Mr. Zell, the Chairman of our Board of Trustees, as part of their compensation for fiscal year 2021. The restricted shares and time-based LTIP Units were valued at $25.50 per share/unit, the closing price of our common shares on the NYSE on the grant date. The assumptions and fair value for the RSUs and market-based LTIP Units granted during the three months ended March 31, 2022 are included in the following table on a per share/unit basis.
 2022
Fair value of market-based awards granted$35.11
Expected term (years)4
Expected volatility17.04 %
Risk-free rate1.39 %
2021 Equity Award Activity

During the three months ended March 31, 2021, 482,188 RSUs vested, and, as a result, we issued 482,188 common shares, prior to certain employees surrendering their common shares to satisfy tax withholding obligations.
On January 25, 2021, the Compensation Committee approved grants in the aggregate amount of 122,466 restricted shares and 248,646 RSUs at target (619,750 RSUs at maximum) to the Company’s officers, certain employees, and to Mr. Zell, the Chairman of our Board of Trustees, as part of their compensation for fiscal year 2020. The restricted shares were valued at $28.25 per share, the closing price of our common shares on the NYSE on the grant date. The RSUs were valued at $37.87 per share, their fair value on the grant date.
Outstanding Equity Awards
As of March 31, 2022, the estimated future compensation expense for all unvested restricted shares and time-based LTIP Units was $7.1 million. Compensation expense for the restricted share and time-based LTIP Unit awards is being recognized on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period for each separately vesting portion of the award. The weighted average period over which the future compensation expense will be recorded for the restricted shares and time-based LTIP Units is approximately 2.8 years.
As of March 31, 2022, the estimated future compensation expense for all unvested RSUs and market-based LTIP Units was $16.9 million. The weighted average period over which the future compensation expense will be recorded for the RSUs and market-based LTIP Units is approximately 2.6 years.
9


EQUITY COMMONWEALTH
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)

During the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, we recorded $3.2 million and $6.7 million, respectively, of compensation expense, net of forfeitures, in general and administrative expense for grants to our trustees, eligible consultants and employees related to our equity compensation plans. Compensation expense recorded during the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 includes $0.3 million and $3.4 million, respectively, of accelerated vesting due to staffing reductions. Forfeitures are recognized as they occur. At March 31, 2022, 1,148,195 shares/units remain available for issuance under the Equity Commonwealth 2015 Omnibus Incentive Plan, as amended.

Note 8.  Fair Value of Assets and Liabilities
 
As of March 31, 2022, we do not have any assets or liabilities measured at fair value.

Financial Instruments

Our financial instruments include our cash and cash equivalents.  At March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the fair value of these financial instruments was not different from their carrying values.
 
Other financial instruments that potentially subject us to concentrations of credit risk consist principally of rents receivable. As of March 31, 2022, no single tenant of ours is responsible for more than 10% of our consolidated revenues.

10


EQUITY COMMONWEALTH
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)

Note 9.  Earnings Per Common Share

The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted earnings per share (amounts in thousands except per share amounts):
 Three Months Ended March 31,
 20222021
Numerator for earnings per common share - basic:
Net income (loss)$1,305 $(10,038)
Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interest(3)20 
Preferred distributions(1,997)(1,997)
Numerator for net loss per share - basic$(695)$(12,015)
Numerator for earnings per common share - diluted:
Net income (loss)
$1,305 $(10,038)
Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interest(3)20 
Preferred distributions(1,997)(1,997)
Numerator for net loss per share - diluted$(695)$(12,015)
Denominator for earnings per common share - basic and diluted:
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding - basic(1)
113,740 122,002 
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding - diluted113,740 122,002 
Net loss per common share attributable to Equity Commonwealth common shareholders:
Basic
$(0.01)$(0.10)
Diluted
$(0.01)$(0.10)
Anti-dilutive securities(2):
Effect of Series D preferred shares; 6.50% cumulative convertible
3,237 3,237 
Effect of RSUs(3)
357 848 
Effect of LTIP Units(4)
148 149 
Effect of OP Units(5)
223 170 

(1) The three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, include 162 and 236 weighted-average, unvested, earned RSUs, respectively.
(2) The Series D preferred shares are excluded from the diluted earnings per share calculation for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, because including the Series D preferred shares would also require that the preferred distributions be added back to net income, resulting in anti-dilution. The RSUs and market-based LTIP Units are excluded from the diluted earnings per share calculation for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, because including them results in anti-dilution.
(3) Represents the weighted-average number of common shares that would have been issued if the quarter-end was the measurement date for unvested, unearned RSUs.
(4) Represents the weighted-average dilutive shares issuable from LTIP Units if the quarter-end was the measurement date for the periods shown.
(5) Beneficial interests in the Operating Trust.

11


EQUITY COMMONWEALTH
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)

Note 10.  Segment Information
 
Our primary business is the ownership and operation of office properties, and we currently have one reportable segment.  One hundred percent of our revenues for the three months ended March 31, 2022 were from office properties. 

Note 11.  Related Person Transactions
 
The following discussion includes a description of our related person transactions for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021.

Two North Riverside Plaza Joint Venture Limited Partnership: We entered into a lease on July 20, 2015 with Two North Riverside Plaza Joint Venture Limited Partnership, an entity associated with Mr. Zell, our Chairman, to occupy office space on the twentieth and twenty-first floors of Two North Riverside Plaza in Chicago, Illinois (20th/21st Floor Office Lease). The initial term of the lease was approximately five years, expiring on December 31, 2020. We made improvements to the office space utilizing the $0.7 million tenant improvement allowance pursuant to the lease. In connection with the 20th/21st Floor Office Lease, we also had a storage lease with Two North Riverside Plaza Joint Venture Limited Partnership for storage space in the basement of Two North Riverside Plaza, which we terminated, effective August 31, 2020.

In December 2020, we entered into an amendment to the 20th/21st Floor Office Lease extending the lease term for one year, through December 31, 2021, with no renewal options. The lease payment for the extended term was $0.3 million. In December 2021, we entered into a second amendment to the 20th/21st Floor Office Lease extending the lease term for one year, through December 31, 2022, with no renewal options. The lease payment for the second extended term is $0.4 million.

During the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, we recognized expense of $0.1 million and $0.1 million, respectively, pursuant to the 20th/21st Floor Office Lease. As of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, we did not have any amounts due to Two North Riverside Plaza Joint Venture Limited Partnership pursuant to the 20th/21st Floor Office Lease.

Note 12.  Subsequent Events

Preferred Share Distribution

On April 11, 2022, our Board of Trustees declared a dividend of $0.40625 per series D preferred share, which will be paid on May 16, 2022 to shareholders of record on April 29, 2022.

Common Share Repurchases

From April 1, 2022 through May 3, 2022, we repurchased 156,400 of our common shares at a weighted average price of $25.98 per share, for a total investment of $4.1 million. We have $198.2 million of remaining authorization available under our share repurchase program.
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Item 2.  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
 
The following discussion should be read in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, and in our Annual Report.

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
 
Some of the statements contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q constitute forward-looking statements within the meaning of the federal securities laws including, but not limited to, statements pertaining to our anticipated business strategies, goals, policies and objectives, capital resources and financing, portfolio performance, lease expiration schedules, results of operations or anticipated market conditions, including our statements regarding the overall impact of COVID-19, and changing laws, statutes, regulations, and the interpretations thereof, on the foregoing. Any forward-looking statements contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are intended to be made pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Act, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the Exchange Act. Forward-looking statements relate to expectations, beliefs, projections, future plans and strategies, anticipated events or trends and similar expressions concerning matters that are not historical facts. You can identify forward-looking statements by the use of forward-looking terminology, including but not limited to, “may,” “will,” “should,” “could,” “would,” “expects,” “intends,” “plans,” “anticipates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “predicts,” or “potential” or the negative of these words and phrases or similar words or phrases which are predictions of or indicate future events or trends and which do not relate solely to historical matters. You can also identify forward-looking statements by discussions of strategy, plans or intentions.
 
Any forward-looking statements contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q reflect our current views about future events and are subject to numerous known and unknown risks, uncertainties, assumptions and changes in circumstances that may cause our actual results to differ significantly from those expressed in any forward-looking statement. We do not guarantee that the transactions and events described will happen as described (or that they will happen at all). We disclaim any obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement to reflect changes in underlying assumptions or factors, of new information, data or methods, future events or other changes. For a further discussion of these and other factors that could cause our future results to differ materially from any forward-looking statements, see the section entitled “Risk Factors” in our most recent Annual Report and in Part II, Item 1A “Risk Factors” of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

OVERVIEW
 
We are an internally managed and self-advised REIT primarily engaged in the ownership and operation of office properties in the United States. We were formed in 1986 under Maryland law. The Company operates as an UPREIT, conducting substantially all of its activities through the Operating Trust. As of March 31, 2022, the Company beneficially owned 99.76% of the outstanding OP Units.

At March 31, 2022, our portfolio consisted of four properties (eight buildings), with a combined 1.5 million square feet. As of March 31, 2022, we had $2.7 billion of cash and cash equivalents.

We use leasing and occupancy metrics to evaluate the performance of our properties. We believe these metrics provide useful information to investors because they reflect the leasing activity and vacant space at the properties and may facilitate comparisons of our leasing and occupancy metrics with other REITs and real estate companies.

As of March 31, 2022, our overall portfolio was 83.3% leased. During the three months ended March 31, 2022, we entered into leases for 40,000 square feet, including lease renewals for 30,000 square feet and a new lease for 10,000 square feet. The renewal leases entered into during the three months ended March 31, 2022 had cash and GAAP rental rates that were approximately 2.8% higher and 5.0% higher, respectively, compared to prior rental rates for the same space. The new lease entered into during the three months ended March 31, 2022 was excluded from the weighted average cash and GAAP rental rate calculations because the suite was vacant longer than two years. The change in GAAP rents is different than the change in cash rents due to differences in the amount of rent abatements, the magnitude and timing of contractual rent increases over the lease term, and the length of term for the newly executed leases compared to the prior leases. Percent change in GAAP and cash rents is a comparison of current rent, including estimated tenant expense reimbursements, if any, to the rent, including actual/projected tenant expense reimbursements, if any, last received for the same space on a GAAP and cash basis, respectively. Cash rent during the reporting period is calculated before deducting any initial period free rent.

We have engaged CBRE, Inc., or CBRE, to provide property management services. We pay CBRE a property-by-property management fee and may engage CBRE from time-to-time to perform project management services, such as
13

coordinating and overseeing the completion of tenant improvements and other capital projects at the properties. We reimburse CBRE for certain expenses incurred in the performance of its duties, including certain personnel and equipment costs. For the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, we incurred expenses of $0.8 million and $0.8 million, respectively, related to our property management agreement with CBRE, for property management fees, typically calculated as a percentage of the properties’ revenues, and salary and benefits reimbursements for property personnel, such as property managers, engineers and maintenance staff.  As of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, we had amounts payable pursuant to these services of $0.3 million and $0.3 million, respectively.

After executing on our disposition strategy and evaluating a variety of opportunities to invest our capital, on May 4, 2021, we entered into a merger agreement to acquire Monmouth Real Estate Investment Corporation, or Monmouth, a publicly-traded industrial REIT. On August 31, 2021, following Monmouth’s failure to obtain shareholder approval of the merger, in accordance with the terms of the merger agreement, we terminated the merger agreement.

Following the termination of the merger agreement with Monmouth, we shifted our focus to capital allocation and are continuing to evaluate investment opportunities. We are seeking to use the strength and liquidity of our balance sheet for investments in high-quality assets or businesses in a range of property types that offer a compelling risk-reward profile. We may also determine to sell, liquidate or otherwise exit our business if we believe doing so will maximize shareholder value.

Our business has been and may continue to be impacted by the evolving COVID-19 outbreak. Since first surfacing, the outbreak has spread throughout the world and has significantly impacted the United States. The pandemic has led to severe business disruptions, including a decline in economic activity generally. The duration of the business disruption continues to be unknown at this time. Many of our employees and the majority of our tenants' employees are currently working at least in part remotely and may be subject to government-imposed restrictions. Due to the uncertainty created by the pandemic, the Company has experienced a significant reduction in leasing interest and activity when compared to pre-pandemic levels. While we cannot make any assurances as to the impact of COVID-19 on our business going forward, for the three months ended March 31, 2022, in our comparable property portfolio, we collected approximately 100% of contractual rents. We currently are not able to estimate the full impact of the COVID-19 outbreak on our business.

Property Operations

Leased occupancy data for 2022 and 2021 are as follows (square feet in thousands):
All PropertiesComparable Properties(1)
As of March 31,As of March 31,
2022202120222021
Total properties
Total square feet1,507 1,507 1,507 1,507 
Percent leased(2)
83.3 %85.6 %83.3 %85.6 %

(1)Based on properties owned continuously from January 1, 2021 through March 31, 2022.
(2)Percent leased is the percent of space subject to signed leases. Percent leased is disclosed to quantify the ratio of leased square feet to rentable square feet and we believe provides useful information as to the proportion of rentable square feet subject to a lease.
 
The weighted average lease term based on square feet for leases entered into during the three months ended March 31, 2022 was 5.2 years.  Commitments made for leasing expenditures and concessions, such as tenant improvements and leasing commissions, for the leases entered into during the three months ended March 31, 2022 totaled $1.4 million, or $35.71 per square foot on average (approximately $6.85 per square foot per year of the lease term).
 
As of March 31, 2022, approximately 5.7% of our leased square feet and 6.7% of our annualized rental revenue, determined as set forth below, are included in leases scheduled to expire through December 31, 2022.  Renewal and new leases and rental rates at which available space may be relet in the future will depend on prevailing market conditions at the times these leases are negotiated.  We believe that the in-place cash rents for leases expiring for the remainder of 2022, that have not been backfilled, are approximately market. Lease expirations by year, as of March 31, 2022, are as follows (square feet and
14

dollars in thousands):
YearNumber
of Tenants Expiring(1)
Leased Square
 Feet Expiring(2)
% of Leased
Square Feet Expiring(2)
Cumulative
% of Leased Square
Feet Expiring(2)
Annualized Rental
Revenue Expiring(3)
% of
Annualized Rental
Revenue Expiring
Cumulative
% of
Annualized Rental Revenue Expiring
202271 5.7 %5.7 %$3,798 6.7 %6.7 %
202318 227 18.1 %23.8 %10,405 18.2 %24.9 %
202418 227 18.1 %41.9 %10,674 18.7 %43.6 %
202512 155 12.2 %54.1 %7,170 12.6 %56.2 %
202644 3.5 %57.6 %2,246 3.9 %60.1 %
202714 176 14.0 %71.6 %6,613 11.6 %71.7 %
202875 6.0 %77.6 %3,253 5.7 %77.4 %
2029145 11.5 %89.1 %6,970 12.2 %89.6 %
203066 5.3 %94.4 %2,891 5.1 %94.7 %
203112 1.0 %95.4 %580 1.0 %95.7 %
Thereafter58 4.6 %100.0 %2,470 4.3 %100.0 %
100 1,256 100.0 %$57,070 100.0 %
Weighted average remaining lease term (in years):
4.1 4.1 

(1)Tenants with leases expiring in multiple years are counted in each year they expire.
(2)Leased Square Feet as of March 31, 2022 includes space subject to leases that have commenced for revenue recognition purposes in accordance with GAAP, space being fitted out for occupancy pursuant to existing leases, and space which is leased but is not occupied or is being offered for sublease by tenants. The Leased Square Feet Expiring corresponds to the latest-expiring signed lease for a given suite. Thus, backfilled suites expire in the year stipulated by the new lease. 
(3)Annualized rental revenue is annualized contractual rents from our tenants pursuant to leases which have commenced as of March 31, 2022, plus estimated recurring expense reimbursements; excludes lease value amortization, straight-line rent adjustments, abated (free) rent periods and parking revenue. We calculate annualized rental revenue by aggregating the recurring billings outlined above for the most recent month during the quarter reported, adding abated rent, and multiplying the sum by 12 to provide an estimation of near-term potentially-recurring revenues.  Annualized rental revenue is a forward-looking non-GAAP measure.  Annualized rental revenue cannot be reconciled to a comparable GAAP measure without unreasonable efforts, primarily due to the fact that it is calculated from the billings of tenants in the most recent month at the most recent rental rates during the quarter reported, whereas historical GAAP measures include billings from a potentially different group of tenants over multiple months at potentially different rental rates.
 
The principal source of funds for our operations is rents from tenants at our properties.  Rents are generally received from our tenants monthly in advance.  As of March 31, 2022, tenants representing 2.5% or more of our total annualized rental revenue were as follows (square feet in thousands):
TenantSquare Feet(1)% of Total Leased Square Feet(1)% of Annualized Rental Revenue(2)Weighted Average Remaining Lease Term
1.Equinor Energy Services, Inc.80 6.4 %6.1 %1.8 
2.KPMG, LLP71 5.7 %5.3 %7.2 
3.Salesforce.com, Inc.65 5.2 %5.2 %3.7 
4.
Wunderman Thompson, LLC(3)
39 3.1 %4.0 %3.5 
5.Crowdstrike, Inc.36 2.9 %4.0 %2.6 
6.CBRE, Inc.40 3.2 %3.9 %6.0 
7.Alden Torch Financial, LLC34 2.7 %3.5 %5.0 
8.Capitol Services, Inc.26 2.1 %2.7 %0.4 
Total391 31.3 %34.7 %4.0 

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(1)Total Leased Square Feet as of March 31, 2022 includes space subject to leases that have commenced, space being fitted out for occupancy pursuant to existing leases, and space which is leased but is not occupied or is being offered for sublease by tenants. 
(2)Annualized rental revenue is annualized contractual rents from our tenants pursuant to leases which have commenced as of March 31, 2022, plus estimated recurring expense reimbursements; excludes lease value amortization, straight-line rent adjustments, abated (free) rent periods and parking revenue. We calculate annualized rental revenue by aggregating the recurring billings outlined above for the most recent month during the quarter reported, adding abated rent, and multiplying the sum by 12 to provide an estimation of near-term potentially-recurring revenues.  Annualized rental revenue is a forward-looking non-GAAP measure.  Annualized rental revenue cannot be reconciled to a comparable GAAP measure without unreasonable efforts, primarily due to the fact that it is calculated from the billings of tenants in the most recent month at the most recent rental rates during the quarter reported, whereas historical GAAP measures include billings from a potentially different group of tenants over multiple months at potentially different rental rates.
(3)Approximately 24,000 square feet of Wunderman Thompson, LLC’s space expire in 2027. The remaining 15,000 square feet expire in 2022.
Regulation FD Disclosures
We use any of the following to comply with our disclosure obligations under Regulation FD: press releases, SEC filings, public conference calls, or our website. We routinely post important information on our website at www.eqcre.com, including information that may be deemed to be material. We encourage investors and others interested in the Company to monitor these distribution channels for material disclosures. Our website address is included in this Quarterly Report as a textual reference only and the information on the website is not incorporated by reference into this Quarterly Report.
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RESULTS OF OPERATIONS 

Three Months Ended March 31, 2022, Compared to Three Months Ended March 31, 2021
Comparable Properties Results(1)Other Properties Results(2)Consolidated Results
Three Months Ended March 31,
20222021$ Change% Change2022202120222021$ Change% Change
(dollars in thousands)
Rental revenue$15,989 $14,026 $1,963 14.0 %$(149)$143 $15,840 $14,169 $1,671 11.8 %
Other revenue
836 682 154 22.6 %10 — 846 682 164 24.0 %
Operating expenses(6,371)(6,602)231 (3.5)%1,838 (19)(4,533)(6,621)2,088 (31.5)%
Net operating income(3)
$10,454 $8,106 $2,348 29.0 %$1,699 $124 12,153 8,230 3,923 47.7 %
Other expenses:
Depreciation and amortization4,412 4,351 61 1.4 %
General and administrative8,002 15,729 (7,727)(49.1)%
Total other expenses12,414 20,080 (7,666)(38.2)%
Interest and other income, net1,574 1,843 (269)(14.6)%
Income (loss) before income taxes
1,313 (10,007)11,320 (113.1)%
Income tax expense(8)(31)23 (74.2)%
Net income (loss)1,305 (10,038)11,343 (113.0)%
Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interest(3)20 (23)(115.0)%
Net income (loss) attributable to Equity Commonwealth1,302 (10,018)11,320 (113.0)%
Preferred distributions(1,997)(1,997)— — %
Net loss attributable to Equity Commonwealth common shareholders
$(695)$(12,015)$11,320 (94.2)%

(1)Comparable properties consist of four properties we owned continuously from January 1, 2021 to March 31, 2022.
 
(2)Other properties consist of properties sold.

(3)We define net operating income, or NOI, as income from our real estate including lease termination fees received from tenants less our property operating expenses.  NOI excludes amortization of capitalized tenant improvement costs and leasing commissions and corporate level expenses.  For a discussion of why we consider NOI to be an appropriate supplemental measure to net income (loss) as well as a reconciliation of NOI to net income (loss), the most directly comparable financial measure under GAAP reported on our consolidated financial statements, please see “- Liquidity and Capital Resources - Property Net Operating Income (NOI).”

Rental revenue. Rental revenue increased $1.7 million, or 11.8%, in the 2022 period, compared to the 2021 period, primarily due to the increase in rental revenue at the comparable properties. Rental revenue at the comparable properties increased $2.0 million, or 14.0%, in the 2022 period, compared to the 2021 period, primarily due to the $1.9 million collection of a previously reserved receivable and a $0.3 million increase in lease termination fees.

Other revenue. Other revenue, which primarily includes parking revenue, increased $0.2 million, or 24.0%, in the 2022 period, compared to the 2021 period, primarily due to the increase in parking revenue at the comparable properties in the 2022 period compared to the 2021 period. The increase in parking revenue is primarily due to an increase in the number of parking garage tenants.

Operating expenses. Operating expenses decreased $2.1 million, or 31.5%, in the 2022 period, compared to the 2021 period, primarily due to a $1.8 million real estate tax refund received at a sold property. Operating expenses decreased $0.2 million, or 3.5%, at the comparable properties in the 2022 period, compared to the 2021 period, primarily due to a $0.2 million decrease in real estate tax expense.

General and administrative. General and administrative expenses decreased $7.7 million, or 49.1%, in the 2022 period, compared to the 2021 period, primarily due to a $6.6 million decrease in compensation expenses primarily related to severance, a $0.5 million decrease in payroll taxes primarily due to refunds received in 2022 and a $0.4 million decrease in share-based compensation expenses.

17

Interest and other income, net. Interest and other income, net decreased $0.3 million, or 14.6% in the 2022 period, compared to the 2021 period, primarily due to less interest received from lower average interest rates and lower average cash balances.

Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interest. In 2017 through 2022, we granted LTIP Units to certain of our trustees and employees. Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interest of $(3,000) in the 2022 period and $20,000 in the 2021 period relates to the allocation of (income) loss to the LTIP/OP Unit holders.

LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES
 
Our Operating Liquidity and Resources
 
As of March 31, 2022, we had $2.7 billion of cash and cash equivalents.  We expect to use our cash balances, cash flow from our operations and proceeds of any future property sales to fund our operations, make distributions, repurchase our common shares, make investments in properties or businesses, fund tenant improvements and leasing costs and for other general business purposes.  We believe our cash balances and the cash flow from our operations will be sufficient to fund our ordinary course activities.

Our future cash flows from operating activities will depend on our ability to collect rent from our current tenants under their leases. Our ability to collect rent and generate parking revenue in the near term may continue to be adversely impacted by the market disruption caused by the COVID-19 outbreak. We cannot predict the ultimate impact of the pandemic on our results of operations.

Our future cash flows from operating activities will also depend upon our:
 
ability to maintain or improve the occupancy of, and the rental rates at, our properties;
 
ability to control operating and financing expense increases at our properties; and
 
ability to purchase additional properties, which produce rents, less property operating expenses, in excess of our costs of acquisition capital.

In addition, our future cash flows will also depend in part on interest income earned on our invested cash balances.

Volatility in energy costs and real estate taxes may cause our future operating expenses to fluctuate; however, the impact of these fluctuations is expected to be partially offset by the pass through of operating expenses to our tenants pursuant to lease terms, although there can be no assurance that we will be able to successfully offset these expenses or that doing so would not negatively impact our competitive position or business. 
 
Net cash flows provided by (used in) operating, investing and financing activities were $2.9 million, $(0.7) million and $(81.3) million, respectively, for the three months ended March 31, 2022, and $1.5 million, $(3.6) million and $(14.1) million, respectively, for the three months ended March 31, 2021.  Changes in these three categories of our cash flows between 2022 and 2021 are primarily related to a decrease in real estate improvements, repurchase of our common shares and distributions to common shareholders.
 
Our Investment and Financing Liquidity and Resources
 
During the three months ended March 31, 2022, we paid an aggregate of $2.0 million of distributions on our series D preferred shares.  On April 11, 2022, our Board of Trustees declared a dividend of $0.40625 per series D preferred share, which will be paid on May 16, 2022 to shareholders of record on April 29, 2022.

On March 1, 2021, our Board of Trustees authorized the repurchase of up to $150.0 million of our outstanding common shares through June 30, 2022. On December 14, 2021, our Board of Trustees authorized the repurchase of up to an additional $150.0 million of our outstanding common shares through December 31, 2022. On March 15, 2022, our Board of Trustees authorized the repurchase of up to an additional $150.0 million of our outstanding common shares through June 30, 2023. During the three months ended March 31, 2022, we repurchased 2,851,030 of our common shares under the 2021 authorizations, at a weighted average price of $25.83 per share, for a total investment of $73.6 million. As of March 31, 2022, we have $202.2 million of remaining authorization available under our share repurchase program.
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We may utilize various types of financings, including debt or equity, to fund future investments and to pay any debt we may incur and other obligations as they become due. Although we are not currently rated by the debt rating agencies, the completion and the costs of any future debt transactions will depend primarily upon market conditions and our credit ratings at such time, if any. We have no control over market conditions. Any credit ratings will depend upon evaluations by credit rating agencies of our business practices and plans and, in particular, whether we appear to have the ability to maintain our earnings, to space any debt maturities and to balance our use of debt and equity capital so that our financial performance and leverage ratios afford us flexibility to withstand any reasonably foreseeable adverse changes. We intend to conduct our business activities in a manner which will continue to afford us reasonable access to capital for investment and financing activities. However, there can be no assurance regarding our ability to complete any debt or equity offerings or that our cost of any future public or private financings will not increase.

During the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, amounts capitalized at our properties for tenant improvements, leasing costs and building improvements were as follows (amounts in thousands):
Three Months Ended March 31,
20222021
Tenant improvements(1)
$579 $3,219 
Leasing costs(2)
590 268 
Building improvements(3)
265 238 

(1)Tenant improvements include capital expenditures to improve tenants’ spaces.
(2)Leasing costs include leasing commissions and related legal expenses.
(3)Building improvements generally include expenditures to replace obsolete building components and expenditures that extend the useful life of existing assets. Tenant-funded capital expenditures are excluded.
 
During the three months ended March 31, 2022, commitments made for expenditures in connection with leasing space at our properties were as follows (dollar and square foot measures in thousands):
New
Leases
RenewalsTotal
Square feet leased during the period10 30 40 
Tenant improvements and leasing commissions$231 $1,202 $1,433 
Tenant improvements and leasing commissions per square foot$23.12 $40.05 $35.71 
Weighted average lease term by square foot (years)(1)
6.0 4.9 5.2 
Tenant improvements and leasing commissions per square foot per year$3.85 $8.11 $6.85 
 
(1)For renewal lease terms, if the existing rents of an original lease term are modified, the new term starts at the rent modification date. Weighted average lease term generally excludes renewal options.

NON-GAAP MEASURES

Funds from Operations (FFO) and Normalized FFO

We compute FFO in accordance with standards established by the National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts, or Nareit. Nareit defines FFO as net income (loss), calculated in accordance with GAAP, excluding real estate depreciation and amortization, gains (or losses) from sales of depreciable property, impairment of depreciable real estate, and our portion of these items related to equity investees and noncontrolling interests.  Our calculation of Normalized FFO differs from Nareit’s definition of FFO because we exclude certain items that we view as nonrecurring or impacting comparability from period to period.  We consider FFO and Normalized FFO to be appropriate measures of operating performance for a REIT, along with net income (loss), net income (loss) attributable to Equity Commonwealth common shareholders and cash flow from operating activities.

We believe that FFO and Normalized FFO provide useful information to investors because by excluding the effects of certain historical amounts, such as depreciation expense, FFO and Normalized FFO may facilitate a comparison of our operating performance between periods and with other REITs.  FFO and Normalized FFO do not represent cash generated by operating activities in accordance with GAAP and should not be considered as alternatives to net income (loss), net income (loss) attributable to Equity Commonwealth common shareholders or cash flow from operating activities, determined in
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accordance with GAAP, or as indicators of our financial performance or liquidity, nor are these measures necessarily indicative of sufficient cash flow to fund all of our needs.  These measures should be considered in conjunction with net income (loss), net income (loss) attributable to Equity Commonwealth common shareholders and cash flow from operating activities as presented in our condensed consolidated statements of operations and condensed consolidated statements of cash flows.  Other REITs and real estate companies may calculate FFO and Normalized FFO differently than we do.
The following table provides a reconciliation of net income (loss) to FFO attributable to Equity Commonwealth common shareholders and unitholders and a reconciliation to Normalized FFO attributable to Equity Commonwealth common shareholders and unitholders (in thousands):
Three Months Ended March 31,
20222021
Reconciliation to FFO:
Net income (loss)$1,305 $(10,038)
Real estate depreciation and amortization4,373 4,301 
FFO attributable to Equity Commonwealth5,678 (5,737)
Preferred distributions(1,997)(1,997)
FFO attributable to Equity Commonwealth common shareholders and unitholders
$3,681 $(7,734)
Reconciliation to Normalized FFO:  
FFO attributable to Equity Commonwealth common shareholders and unitholders
$3,681 $(7,734)
Straight-line rent adjustments10 (307)
Executive severance expense
— 7,107 
Normalized FFO attributable to Equity Commonwealth common shareholders and unitholders
$3,691 $(934)

Property Net Operating Income (NOI)

We use another non-GAAP measure, property net operating income, or NOI, to evaluate the performance of our properties. We define NOI as income from our real estate including lease termination fees received from tenants less our property operating expenses. NOI excludes amortization of capitalized tenant improvement costs and leasing commissions and corporate level expenses.

The following table includes the reconciliation of NOI to net income, the most directly comparable financial measure under GAAP reported in our consolidated financial statements.  We consider NOI to be an appropriate supplemental measure to net income (loss) because it may help to understand the operations of our properties.  We use NOI internally to evaluate property level performance, and we believe that NOI provides useful information to investors regarding our results of operations because it reflects only those income and expense items that are incurred at the property level and may facilitate comparisons of our operating performance between periods and with other REITs.  NOI does not represent cash generated by operating activities in accordance with GAAP and should not be considered as an alternative to net income, net income attributable to Equity Commonwealth common shareholders or cash flow from operating activities, determined in accordance with GAAP, or as an indicator of our financial performance or liquidity, nor is this measure necessarily indicative of sufficient cash flow to fund all of our needs.  This measure should be considered in conjunction with net income, net income attributable to Equity Commonwealth common shareholders and cash flow from operating activities as presented in our consolidated statements of operations and consolidated statements of cash flows.  Other REITs and real estate companies may calculate NOI differently than we do. 

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A reconciliation of NOI to net income (loss) for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, is as follows (in thousands):
 Three Months Ended March 31,
 20222021
Rental revenue$15,840 $14,169 
Other revenue846 682 
Operating expenses(4,533)(6,621)
NOI$12,153 $8,230 
NOI$12,153 $8,230 
Depreciation and amortization(4,412)(4,351)
General and administrative(8,002)(15,729)
Interest and other income, net1,574 1,843 
Income (loss) before income taxes
1,313 (10,007)
Income tax expense(8)(31)
Net income (loss)$1,305 $(10,038)

Related Person Transactions
 
For information about our related person transactions, see Note 11 to the notes to our condensed consolidated financial statements included in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

Item 3.  Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.
 
The Company’s market risk has not changed materially from the amounts and information reported in Part II, Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk, in our Annual Report.
 
Item 4.  Controls and Procedures.
 
As of the end of the period covered by this report, our management carried out an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of our President and Chief Executive Officer and our Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer, of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures pursuant to the Exchange Act Rule 13a-15 and Rule 15d-15. Based upon that evaluation, our President and Chief Executive Officer and our Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures are effective.
 
There have been no changes in our internal control over financial reporting during the quarter ended March 31, 2022 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

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PART II.  Other Information
 
Item 1. Legal Proceedings.
 
We are or may become a party to various legal proceedings. We are not currently involved in any litigation nor, to our knowledge, is any litigation threatened against us where the outcome would, in our judgment based on information currently available to us, have a material adverse effect on the Company.

Item 1A. Risk Factors.
 
There have been no material changes to the risk factors previously disclosed in our Annual Report.

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.
 
Common Share Repurchase Program

The following table provides information with respect to the common share repurchases made by the Company during the three months ended March 31, 2022:
PeriodTotal Number of Shares Purchased(1)Average Price Paid per ShareTotal Number of Shares Purchased as Part of Publicly Announced Plans or ProgramsMaximum Number or Approximate Dollar Value of Shares that May Yet be Purchased Under the Plans or Programs
January 20221,163,184 $25.77 1,163,184 $95,884,479 
February 20221,687,846 $25.86 1,687,846 $52,232,568 
March 2022— $— — $202,232,568 
Total2,851,030 $25.83 2,851,030 $202,232,568 

(1) On August 24, 2015, our Board of Trustees approved a common share repurchase program. On March 1, 2021, our Board of Trustees authorized the repurchase of up to $150.0 million of our outstanding common shares through June 30, 2022. On December 14, 2021, our Board of Trustees authorized the repurchase of up to an additional $150.0 million of our outstanding common shares through December 31, 2022. On March 15, 2022, our Board of Trustees authorized the repurchase of up to an additional $150.0 million of our outstanding common shares through June 30, 2023.

Surrender of Common Shares for Tax Withholding

During the three months ended March 31, 2022, certain of our employees surrendered common shares to satisfy their statutory tax withholding obligations in connection with the vesting of restricted common shares and restricted stock units. 
 
The following table summarizes all of these repurchases during the three months ended March 31, 2022:
PeriodTotal Number of Shares Purchased(1)Average Price Paid per ShareTotal Number of Shares Purchased as Part of Publicly Announced Plans or Programs Maximum Number or Approximate Dollar Value of Shares that May Yet be Purchased Under the Plans or Programs
January 2022— $— N/AN/A
February 2022158,276 $25.89 N/AN/A
March 20221,290 $27.51 N/AN/A
Total$159,566 $25.90 

(1) The number of shares repurchased represents common shares surrendered by certain of our employees to satisfy their statutory federal and state tax obligations associated with the vesting of restricted common shares and restricted stock units of beneficial interest. With respect to these shares, the price paid per share is based on the closing price of our common shares as of the date of the determination of the statutory minimum federal and state tax obligations.

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Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities.
 
Not applicable.

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures.
 
Not applicable.

Item 5. Other Information.
 
Not applicable.

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Item 6.  Exhibits.
Exhibit 
Number
Description
3.1
Articles of Amendment and Restatement of Declaration of Trust of the Company, dated July 1, 1994, as amended to date. (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed August 1, 2014.)
3.2
Articles Supplementary, dated October 10, 2006. (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed October 11, 2006.)
3.3
Articles Supplementary, dated May 31, 2011. (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed May 31, 2011.)
3.4
Articles Supplementary, dated March 14, 2018. (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed March 15, 2018.)
3.5
Fourth Amended and Restated Bylaws of the Company, adopted April 2, 2020. (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed April 3, 2020.)
4.1
Form of Common Share Certificate. (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2014.)
4.2
Form of 6 1/2% Series D Cumulative Convertible Preferred Share Certificate. (Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2012.)
31.1
31.2
32.1
Section 1350 Certification. (Furnished herewith.)
101The following materials from the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2022, formatted in Inline XBRL (eXtensible Business Reporting Language): (i) the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets, (ii) the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations, (iii) the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Equity, (iv) the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows and (v) related notes to these condensed consolidated financial statements, tagged as blocks of text and in detail. (Filed herewith.)
104Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as Inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101).

(+)    Management contract or compensatory plan or arrangement.




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SIGNATURES
 
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 
EQUITY COMMONWEALTH
By:/s/ David A. Helfand
David A. Helfand
President and Chief Executive Officer
Dated:May 5, 2022
By:/s/ William H. Griffiths
William H. Griffiths
Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer
Dated:May 5, 2022

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