10-Q 1 estc-20211031.htm 10-Q estc-20211031
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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, DC 20549
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended October 31, 2021
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Commission File Number: 001-38675
Elastic N.V.
 The Netherlands
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
Not Applicable
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
800 West El Camino Real, Suite 350
Mountain View, California 94040
(Address of principal executive offices)
(650) 458-2620
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class Trading Symbol(s) Name of each exchange on which registered
Ordinary shares, Par Value €0.01 Per Share ESTC New York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.     Yes  ☒    No  ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes  ☒    No  ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer   
Accelerated filer
 
Non-accelerated filer
   
Smaller reporting company
 
    Emerging growth company 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes      No  ☒
As of November 30, 2021, the registrant had 92,613,879 ordinary shares, €0.01 par value per share, outstanding.


Table of Contents
 
  Page
 
 
PART I.
  
Item 1.
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
  
PART II.
  
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
Item 5.
Item 6.

2

NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), which statements involve substantial risk and uncertainties. Forward-looking statements generally relate to future events or our future financial or operating performance. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements because they contain words such as “may,” “might,” “will,” “should,” “expects,” “plans,” “anticipates,” “could,” “intends,” “target,” “projects,” “contemplates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “predicts,” “potential,” or “continue” or the negative of these words or other similar terms or expressions that concern our expectations, strategy, plans, or intentions. Forward-looking statements contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q include, but are not limited to, statements about:
our future financial performance, including our expectations regarding our revenue, cost of revenue, gross profit or gross margin, operating expenses (which include changes in sales and marketing, research and development and general and administrative expenses), and our ability to achieve and maintain future profitability;
our ability to continue to deliver and improve our offerings and successfully develop new offerings, including security-related product offerings and hosted offerings;
customer acceptance and purchase of our existing offerings and new offerings, including the expansion and adoption of our hosted offerings;
the impact of the 2019 coronavirus disease, including any variants thereof (“COVID-19”), on our business, operations, hiring and financial results, and on the businesses of our customers and partners, including their spending priorities, the effect of governmental lockdowns, restrictions, new regulations and vaccine distribution and efficacy;
the impact of changes to our licensing of our products, specifically Elasticsearch and Kibana;
our assessments of the strength of our solutions and products;
our service performance and security, including the resources and costs required to prevent, detect and remediate potential security breaches or incidents, including by bad actors;
our ability to maintain and expand our user and customer base;
the market for our products continuing to develop;
competition from other products and companies with more resources, recognition and presence in our industry;
the impact of foreign currency exchange rate and interest rate fluctuations on our results;
the pace of change and innovation in the markets in which we participate and the competitive nature of those markets;
our business strategy and our plan to build our business;
our ability to effectively manage our growth, including any changes to our pace of hiring;
our international expansion strategy;
our operating results and cash flows;
our strategy of acquiring complementary businesses and our ability to successfully integrate acquired businesses and technologies;
the impact of acquisitions on our future product offerings;
our beliefs and objectives for future operations;
our relationships with and reliance on third parties, including partners;
our ability to protect our intellectual property rights;
our ability to develop our brands;
the impact of expensing stock options and other equity awards;
the sufficiency of our capital resources;
our ability to successfully defend litigation brought against us;
our ability to successfully execute our go-to-market strategy, including the positioning of our solutions and products, and expand in our existing markets and into new markets;
sufficiency of cash to meet cash needs for at least the next 12 months;
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our ability to comply with laws and regulations that currently apply or become applicable to our business both in the United States and internationally;
our ability to attract and retain qualified employees and key personnel;
our ability to onboard, provide training to and integrate new employees;
the effect of the loss of key personnel;
our expectations about the impact of natural disasters and public health epidemics and pandemics, on our business, results of operations and financial condition;
expectations about seasonality;
the future trading prices of our ordinary shares;
our ability to service our debt obligations; and
general market, political, economic and business conditions (including developments and volatility arising from the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic).
In addition, statements that “we believe” and similar statements reflect our beliefs and opinions on the relevant subject. These statements are based upon information available to us as of the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, and while we believe such information forms a reasonable basis for such statements, such information may be limited or incomplete, and our statements should not be read to indicate that we have conducted an exhaustive inquiry into, or review of, all potentially available relevant information. These statements are inherently uncertain and investors are cautioned not to unduly rely upon these statements.
You should not rely upon forward-looking statements as predictions of future events. We have based the forward-looking statements contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q primarily on our current expectations and projections about future events and trends that we believe may affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, and prospects. The outcome of the events described in these forward-looking statements is subject to risks, uncertainties, and other factors described in the section titled “Risk Factors” and elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Moreover, we operate in a very competitive and rapidly changing environment. New risks and uncertainties emerge from time to time, and it is not possible for us to predict all risks and uncertainties that could have an impact on the forward-looking statements contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Any additional or unforeseen effect from the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic may exacerbate these risks. We cannot assure that the results, events, and circumstances reflected in the forward-looking statements will be achieved or occur, and actual results, events, or circumstances could differ materially from those described in the forward-looking statements.
The forward-looking statements made in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q relate only to events as of the date on which such statements are made. We undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statements after the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q or to conform such statements to actual results or revised expectations, except as required by law. We may not actually achieve the plans, intentions, or expectations disclosed in our forward-looking statements, and you should not place undue reliance on our forward-looking statements. Our forward-looking statements do not reflect the potential impact of any future acquisitions, mergers, dispositions, joint ventures, or investments we may make.
4

PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Elastic N.V.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(in thousands, except share and per share data)
(unaudited)
 As of
October 31, 2021
As of
April 30, 2021
Assets
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$876,059 $400,814 
Restricted cash2,939 2,894 
Accounts receivable, net of allowance for credit losses of $2,896 and $2,344 as of October 31, 2021 and April 30, 2021, respectively
157,831 160,415 
Deferred contract acquisition costs38,183 36,089 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets34,896 37,002 
Total current assets1,109,908 637,214 
Property and equipment, net7,510 8,881 
Goodwill291,790 198,851 
Operating lease right-of-use assets23,667 25,464 
Intangible assets, net48,620 36,286 
Deferred contract acquisition costs, non-current57,854 50,263 
Deferred tax assets3,824 3,697 
Other assets18,528 12,516 
Total assets$1,561,701 $973,172 
Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable$17,684 $7,248 
Accrued expenses and other liabilities43,277 28,909 
Accrued compensation and benefits55,827 52,525 
Operating lease liabilities9,454 8,528 
Deferred revenue354,148 352,805 
Total current liabilities480,390 450,015 
Deferred revenue, non-current36,165 44,895 
Long-term debt, net566,045  
Operating lease liabilities, non-current16,746 19,649 
Other liabilities, non-current12,555 7,782 
Total liabilities1,111,901 522,341 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 8 and 9)
Shareholders’ equity:
Convertible preference shares, €0.01 par value; 165,000,000 shares authorized, 0 shares issued and outstanding as of October 31, 2021 and April 30, 2021
  
Ordinary shares, par value €0.01 per share: 165,000,000 shares authorized; 92,566,025 and 90,533,985 shares issued and outstanding as of October 31, 2021 and April 30, 2021, respectively
972 948 
Treasury stock(369)(369)
Additional paid-in capital1,153,408 1,071,675 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(9,381)(8,105)
Accumulated deficit(694,830)(613,318)
Total shareholders’ equity449,800 450,831 
Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity$1,561,701 $973,172 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
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Elastic N.V.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(in thousands, except share and per share data)
(unaudited)
 Three Months Ended October 31, Six Months Ended October 31,
 2021202020212020
Revenue
License - self-managed$18,117 $15,514 $34,338 $30,393 
Subscription - self-managed and SaaS172,140 118,695 333,104 225,158 
Total subscription revenue190,257 134,209 367,442 255,551 
Professional services15,723 10,685 31,633 18,213 
Total revenue205,980 144,894 399,075 273,764 
Cost of revenue
Cost of license - self-managed395 347 741 693 
Cost of subscription - self-managed and SaaS41,847 29,148 79,021 55,038 
Total cost of revenue - subscription42,242 29,495 79,762 55,731 
Cost of professional services11,642 8,953 23,784 17,548 
Total cost of revenue53,884 38,448 103,546 73,279 
Gross profit152,096 106,446 295,529 200,485 
Operating expenses
Research and development63,763 46,688 123,145 92,366 
Sales and marketing94,953 64,474 182,986 120,625 
General and administrative30,555 23,705 57,607 45,434 
Total operating expenses189,271 134,867 363,738 258,425 
Operating loss(37,175)(28,421)(68,209)(57,940)
Other income (expense), net
Interest expense(6,332)(4)(8,152)(13)
Other income (expense), net(666)(80)352 10,814 
Loss before income taxes(44,173)(28,505)(76,009)(47,139)
Provision for income taxes2,850 653 5,503 1,020 
Net loss$(47,023)$(29,158)$(81,512)$(48,159)
Net loss per share attributable to ordinary shareholders, basic and diluted$(0.51)$(0.34)$(0.89)$(0.56)
Weighted-average shares used to compute net loss per share attributable to ordinary shareholders, basic and diluted92,206,199 86,373,166 91,703,786 85,275,474 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

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Elastic N.V.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss
(in thousands)
(unaudited)
 Three Months Ended October 31, Six Months Ended October 31,
 2021202020212020
Net loss$(47,023)$(29,158)$(81,512)$(48,159)
Other comprehensive loss:
Foreign currency translation adjustments588 (479)(1,276)(10,537)
Other comprehensive loss588 (479)(1,276)(10,537)
Total comprehensive loss$(46,435)$(29,637)$(82,788)$(58,696)
 The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

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Elastic N.V.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Shareholders’ Equity
(in thousands, except share data)
(unaudited)
    Additional Paid-in CapitalAccumulated Other Comprehensive Loss Total Shareholders' Equity
 Ordinary SharesTreasury SharesAccumulated Deficit
 SharesAmount
Balances at July 31, 202191,770,228 $963 $(369)$1,112,845 $(9,969)$(647,807)$455,663 
Fair value of replacement equity awards attributable to pre-acquisition service— — — 1,266 — — 1,266 
Issuance of ordinary shares upon exercise of stock options690,538 8 — 9,844 — — 9,852 
Issuance of ordinary shares upon release of restricted stock units105,259 1 — (1)— —  
Stock-based compensation— — — 29,454 — — 29,454 
Net loss— — — — — (47,023)(47,023)
Foreign currency translation— — — — 588 — 588 
Balances at October 31, 202192,566,025 $972 $(369)$1,153,408 $(9,381)$(694,830)$449,800 
Additional Paid-in CapitalAccumulated Other Comprehensive LossTotal Shareholders' Equity
Ordinary SharesTreasury SharesAccumulated Deficit
SharesAmount
Balances at July 31, 202085,737,645 $890 $(369)$946,178 $(11,435)$(502,885)$432,379 
Issuance of ordinary shares upon exercise of stock options1,379,823 16 — 15,962 — — 15,978 
Issuance of ordinary shares upon release of restricted stock units87,523 2 — (2)— —  
Stock-based compensation— — — 21,235 — — 21,235 
Reclassification of liability-classified awards— — — 2,702 — — 2,702 
Net loss— — — — — (29,158)(29,158)
Foreign currency translation— — — — (479)— (479)
Balances at October 31, 202087,204,991 $908 $(369)$986,075 $(11,914)$(532,043)$442,657 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
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Elastic N.V.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Shareholders’ Equity
(in thousands, except share data)
(unaudited)
Additional Paid-in CapitalAccumulated Other Comprehensive LossTotal Shareholders' Equity
Ordinary SharesTreasury SharesAccumulated Deficit
SharesAmount
Balances at April 30, 202190,533,985 948 (369)1,071,675 (8,105)(613,318)450,831 
Fair value of replacement equity awards attributable to pre-acquisition service— — — 1,266 — — 1,266 
Issuance of ordinary shares upon exercise of stock options1,530,746 18 — 20,813 — — 20,831 
Issuance of ordinary shares upon release of restricted stock units501,294 6 — (6)— —  
Stock-based compensation— — — 59,660 — — 59,660 
Net loss— — — — — (81,512)(81,512)
Foreign currency translation— — — — (1,276)— (1,276)
Balances at October 31, 202192,566,025 $972 $(369)$1,153,408 $(9,381)$(694,830)$449,800 
Additional Paid-in CapitalAccumulated Other Comprehensive LossTotal Shareholders' Equity
Ordinary SharesTreasury SharesAccumulated Deficit
SharesAmount
Balances at April 30, 202082,856,978 $856 $(369)$898,788 $(1,377)$(484,251)$413,647 
Cumulative effect of accounting change— — — — — 367 367 
Issuance of ordinary shares upon exercise of stock options4,035,115 47 — 45,183 — — 45,230 
Issuance of ordinary shares upon release of restricted stock units312,898 5 — (5)— —  
Stock-based compensation— — — 39,407 — — 39,407 
Reclassification of liability-classified awards— — — 2,702 — — 2,702 
Net loss— — — — — (48,159)(48,159)
Foreign currency translation— — — — (10,537)— (10,537)
Balances at October 31, 202087,204,991 $908 $(369)$986,075 $(11,914)$(532,043)$442,657 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
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Elastic N.V.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(in thousands)
(unaudited)
Six Months Ended October 31,
 20212020
Cash flows from operating activities
Net loss$(81,512)$(48,159)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization9,325 8,566 
Amortization of deferred contract acquisition costs28,570 18,173 
Amortization of debt issuance costs307  
Non-cash operating lease cost3,842 3,434 
Stock-based compensation expense, net of amounts capitalized59,578 40,078 
Deferred income taxes(249)(286)
Foreign currency transaction (gain) loss4 (10,924)
Other98 (11)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable, net519 63 
Deferred contract acquisition costs(39,277)(37,872)
Prepaid expenses and other current assets2,218 1,100 
Other assets(3,337)4,040 
Accounts payable10,485 (2,638)
Accrued expenses and other liabilities16,719 (1,061)
Accrued compensation and benefits3,823 (691)
Operating lease liabilities(3,983)(3,535)
Deferred revenue(3,462)34,432 
Net cash provided by operating activities3,668 4,709 
Cash flows from investing activities
Purchases of property and equipment(751)(1,656)
Capitalization of internal-use software(2,713) 
Business acquisitions, net of cash acquired(108,104) 
Other 1,320 
Net cash used in investing activities(111,568)(336)
Cash flows from financing activities
Proceeds from the issuance of debt575,000  
Proceeds from issuance of ordinary shares upon exercise of stock options20,831 45,230 
Payments of debt issuance costs(9,234) 
Net cash provided by financing activities586,597 45,230 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash(3,407)2,319 
Net increase in cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash475,290 51,922 
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash, beginning of period403,708 299,389 
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash, end of period$878,998 $351,311 
Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information
Cash paid (refund received) for income taxes $1,905 $(1,708)
Cash paid for operating lease liabilities$4,829 $4,363 
Supplemental disclosures of non-cash investing and financing information
Property and equipment included in accounts payable$39 $10 
Debt issuance costs accrued, unpaid$28 $ 
Operating lease right-of-use assets for new lease obligations$2,330 $575 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
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Elastic N.V.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)
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1.Organization and Description of Business
Elastic N.V. (“Elastic” or the “Company”) was incorporated under the laws of the Netherlands in 2012. Elastic is a search company. It created the Elastic Stack, a powerful set of software products that ingest and store data from any source and in any format, and perform search, analysis, and visualization in milliseconds or less. Developers build on top of the Elastic Stack to apply the power of search to their data and solve business problems. The Company also offers software solutions built on the Elastic Stack: Enterprise Search, Observability, and Security. The Elastic Stack and the Company’s solutions are designed to run in public or private clouds, in hybrid environments, or in traditional on-premises environments.

2.Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying interim condensed consolidated balance sheet as of October 31, 2021, the interim condensed consolidated statements of operations and of comprehensive loss, interim condensed statements of shareholders’ equity for the three and six months ended October 31, 2021 and 2020 and the interim condensed consolidated statements of cash flows for the six months ended October 31, 2021 and 2020, are unaudited. These interim condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared on a basis consistent with the annual consolidated financial statements and, in the opinion of management, include all adjustments necessary to fairly state the Company’s financial position as of October 31, 2021, and the results of the Company’s operations, its statements of shareholders’ equity for the three and six months ended October 31, 2021 and 2020, and its statements of cash flows for the six months ended October 31, 2021 and 2020. The financial data and other financial information disclosed in the notes to these interim condensed consolidated financial statements related to the three and six month periods are also unaudited. The results for the six months ended October 31, 2021 are not necessarily indicative of the operating results expected for the fiscal year ending April 30, 2022, or any future period.
The unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) and include the financial statements of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. All intercompany transactions and accounts have been eliminated in consolidation.
Certain information and note disclosures normally included in the financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP have been condensed or omitted pursuant to the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Therefore, these unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements and accompanying footnotes should be read in conjunction with the Company’s annual consolidated financial statements and related footnotes included in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended April 30, 2021 filed with the SEC on June 25, 2021 (“the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K”).
Fiscal Year
The Company’s fiscal year ends on April 30. References to fiscal 2022, for example, refer to the fiscal year ending April 30, 2022.
Use of Estimates and Judgments
The preparation of the consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Such estimates include, but are not limited to, allocation of revenue between recognized and deferred amounts, deferred contract acquisition costs, allowance for credit losses, valuation of stock-based compensation, fair value of ordinary shares in periods prior to the Company’s initial public offering, fair value of acquired intangible assets and goodwill, useful lives of acquired intangible assets and property and equipment, whether an arrangement is or contains a lease, the discount rate used for operating leases and valuation allowance for deferred income taxes. The Company bases these estimates on historical and anticipated results, trends and various other assumptions that it believes are reasonable under the circumstances, including assumptions as to future events.
In March 2020, the World Health Organization declared COVID-19 a pandemic. The pandemic has resulted in a global slowdown of economic activity that is likely to decrease demand for a broad variety of goods and services, including from certain of the Company’s customers, while also disrupting sales channels and marketing activities for an unknown period of time. The full extent to which COVID-19 may impact the Company’s financial condition or results of operations is uncertain.
Estimates and assumptions about future events and their effects cannot be determined with certainty and therefore require the exercise of judgment. As of the date of issuance of these financial statements, the Company is not aware of any
12

specific event or circumstance that would require the Company to update its estimates, judgments or revise the carrying value of the Company’s assets or liabilities. These estimates may change, as new events occur and additional information is obtained, and are recognized in the consolidated financial statements as soon as they become known. Actual results could differ from those estimates and any such differences may be material to the Company’s financial statements.
Significant Accounting Policies
Other than as described below, there have been no changes to the Company’s significant accounting policies described in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K that have had a material impact on its consolidated financial statements and related notes.
Debt Issuance Costs
Costs incurred in connection with the issuance of debt are deferred and amortized as interest expense over the term of the related debt using the effective interest method. To the extent that the debt is outstanding, these amounts are reflected in the consolidated balance sheets as direct deductions from the carrying amount of the outstanding borrowings.
Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
Income Taxes:  In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU No. 2019-12, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes, eliminating certain exceptions to the general principles in ASC 740 related to intra-period tax allocation, deferred tax liability and general methodology for calculating income taxes. Additionally, the ASU makes other changes for matters such as franchise taxes that are partially based on income, transactions with a government that result in a step up in the tax basis of goodwill, separate financial statements of legal entities that are not subject to tax, and enacted changes in tax laws in interim periods. The new guidance becomes effective for the Company for the fiscal year ending April 30, 2022. Early adoption is permitted. The Company’s adoption of this ASU had no material impact on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements.
New Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted
Acquisitions:  In October 2021, the FASB issued ASU No. 2021-08, Business Combinations (Topic 805): Accounting for Contract Assets and Contract Liabilities from Contracts with Customers, improving consistency in accounting for acquired revenue contracts with customers in a business combination by requiring that acquirers apply ASC Topic 606 to recognize contract assets and contract liabilities as if it had originated the contracts. If the acquiree prepared its financial statements in accordance with GAAP, the resulting acquired contract assets and liabilities should generally be consistent with acquiree’s financial statements. The new guidance becomes effective for the Company for the fiscal year ending April 30, 2024. Early adoption is permitted. The Company does not expect the adoption of the new accounting standard to have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.
3.Revenue and Remaining Performance Obligations
Disaggregation of Revenue
The following table presents revenue by product category (in thousands):
 Three Months Ended October 31,Six Months Ended October 31,
 2021202020212020
Amount% of
Total
Revenue
Amount% of
Total
Revenue
Amount% of
Total
Revenue
Amount% of
Total
Revenue
Elastic Cloud$69,031 34 %$37,428 26 %$130,561 33 %$70,055 26 %
Other subscription121,226 58 %96,781 67 %236,881 59 %185,496 67 %
    Total subscription revenue190,257 92 %134,209 93 %367,442 92 %255,551 93 %
Professional services15,723 8 %10,685 7 %31,633 8 %18,213 7 %
    Total revenue$205,980 100 %$144,894 100 %$399,075 100 %$273,764 100 %
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During the first quarter of fiscal 2022, the Company updated its disaggregation of revenue breakdown to present revenue by product category. The prior period presentation for the three and six months ended October 31, 2020, has been updated to conform to the current period presentation.
Remaining Performance Obligations
As of October 31, 2021, the Company had $831.6 million of remaining performance obligations. As of October 31, 2021, the Company expects to recognize approximately 86% of its remaining performance obligations as revenue over the next 24 months and the remainder thereafter.
4.Fair Value Measurements
The Company measures financial assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis at each reporting period using a fair value hierarchy that prioritizes the use of observable inputs and minimizes the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value. A financial instrument’s classification within the fair value hierarchy is based upon the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement.
Financial Assets
The following table summarizes assets that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of October 31, 2021 and April 30, 2021 (in thousands):
 
October 31, 2021Level 1Level 2Level 3Total
Financial Assets:    
Cash and cash equivalents:    
Money market funds$571,829 $  $571,829 
Short-term bank deposit 1,800  1,800 
Total$571,829 $1,800 $ $573,629 

April 30, 2021Level 1Level 2Level 3Total
Financial Assets:    
Cash and cash equivalents:    
Money market funds$175,007   $175,007 
The Company considers all highly liquid investments, including money market funds with an original maturity of three months or less at the date of purchase, to be cash equivalents. The Company uses quoted prices in active markets for identical assets to determine the fair value of its Level 1 investments in money market funds. The Company classifies its short term bank deposit within Level 2 because they are valued using inputs other than quoted prices that are directly or indirectly observable in the market, including readily available pricing sources for the identical underlying security which may not be actively traded.
Financial Liabilities
In July 2021, the Company issued $575.0 million aggregate principal amount of 4.125% Senior Notes due July 15, 2029 (the “Senior Notes”) in a private placement. Based on the trading prices of the Senior Notes, the fair value of the Senior Notes as of October 31, 2021 was approximately $572.9 million. While the Senior Notes are recorded at cost, the fair value of the Senior Notes was determined based on quoted prices in markets that are not active; accordingly, the Senior Notes are categorized as Level 2 for purposes of the fair value measurement hierarchy.

5.Acquisitions
Six months ended October 31, 2021
cmdWatch Security Inc.
On September 17, 2021, the Company acquired 100% of the share capital of cmdWatch Security Inc. (“Cmd”) for a total purchase consideration of $77.8 million. The purchase consideration includes an amount of $13.4 million which is being held in an indemnity escrow fund for 18 months after the acquisition close date. Pursuant to the merger agreement, Cmd’s vested stock options were paid in cash and unvested stock options held by Cmd employees were assumed by the Company. The fair value of the replacement equity awards associated with pre-acquisition service period of $4.3 million, consisting of $3.0 million paid in cash to vested option holders and $1.3 million of non-cash consideration, was included in the total purchase
14

consideration. Approximately $6.6 million of the fair value of replacement equity awards was allocated to post-acquisition services that will be recognized as stock-based compensation expense over the remaining service period and was excluded from the total purchase consideration. Additionally, an amount of $6.5 million for post-combination services, which is payable at future dates upon completion of the underlying required service period, has been excluded from the purchase consideration. This amount will be recorded as a post-combination expense over the requisite service period.
The acquisition was accounted for as a business combination in accordance with ASC 805, Business Combinations, and accordingly, the total purchase consideration was allocated to the tangible and intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on their estimated fair values on the acquisition date. The total preliminary purchase price allocated to developed technology and goodwill was $15.5 million and $59.1 million, respectively. The fair value assigned to developed technology was determined using the cost to recreate approach. The developed technology asset is being amortized on a straight-line basis over the useful life of 5 years, which approximates the pattern in which the developed technology is utilized. Goodwill resulted primarily from the expectation of enhancing the Company's current security solutions and is not deductible for income tax purposes.
The purchase price allocation is preliminary as the Company is still finalizing the allocation of the purchase price to the individual assets acquired and liabilities assumed. The allocation of the purchase price included in the current period balance sheet is based on the best estimate of management. The Company continues to collect information with regard to its estimates and assumptions, primarily related to intangible assets and certain tax-related, contingent liability and working capital items. The Company will record adjustments to the fair value of the assets acquired, liabilities assumed and goodwill within the 12 month measurement period, if necessary. Cmd has been included in the Company’s consolidated results of operations since the acquisition date. Pro forma and historical results of operations for this acquisition have not been presented because they were not material to the condensed consolidated results of operations.
Other Acquisition
On September 2, 2021, the Company acquired 100% of the share capital of Build Security Ltd. (“build.security”) for a total purchase consideration of $39.3 million. The acquisition was accounted for as a business combination. The total preliminary purchase price allocated to developed technology and goodwill was $4.2 million and $34.0 million, respectively. The developed technology intangible asset is being amortized on a straight-line basis over the useful life of 5 years which approximates the pattern in which the developed technology is utilized. Goodwill resulted primarily from the expectation of enhancing the Company's current security solutions and the value of the acquired workforce. This goodwill is not deductible for income tax purposes. The results of build.security have been included in the Company’s consolidated results of operations since the acquisition date. Pro forma and historical results of operations for this acquisition have not been presented because they were not material to the condensed consolidated results of operations.
Excluded from the purchase consideration is an amount of $4.9 million, payable in equal installments at the first and the second anniversary of the acquisition, to certain employees of build.security. This amount will be recorded as a post-combination expense over the requisite service period.
6.Balance Sheet Components
Prepaid Expenses and Other Current Assets
Prepaid expenses and other current assets consisted of the following (in thousands):
 As of
October 31, 2021
As of
April 30, 2021
Prepaid hosting costs$11,303 $11,122 
Prepaid software subscription costs6,863 5,636 
Prepaid value added taxes4,831 9,408 
Deposits2,672 2,410 
Prepaid taxes2,167 1,694 
Other7,060 6,732 
Total prepaid expenses and other current assets$34,896 $37,002 
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 Property and Equipment, Net
The cost and accumulated depreciation of property and equipment were as follows (in thousands):
 Useful Life (in years)As of
October 31, 2021
As of
April 30, 2021
Leasehold improvementsLesser of estimated useful
life or remaining lease term
$10,812 $10,342 
Computer hardware and software31,531 2,319 
Furniture and fixtures3-56,040 5,971 
Assets under construction 203 707 
Total property and equipment 18,586 19,339 
Less: accumulated depreciation (11,076)(10,458)
Property and equipment, net $7,510 $8,881 
Depreciation expense related to property and equipment was $1.0 million and $0.8 million for the three months ended October 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively and $2.0 million and $1.5 million for the six months ended October 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.
Intangible Assets, Net
Intangible assets consisted of the following as of October 31, 2021 and April 30, 2021 (in thousands):
October 31, 2021Gross Fair
Value
Accumulated
Amortization
Net Book
Value
Weighted
Average
Remaining
Useful Life
(in years)
Developed technology$64,530 $25,360 $39,170 3.9
Customer relationships19,598 10,965 8,633 1.9
Trade names2,872 2,054 818 1.9
Total$87,000 $38,379 48,621 3.7
Foreign currency translation adjustment(1)
Total$48,620 
April 30, 2021Gross Fair
Value
Accumulated
Amortization
Net Book
Value
Weighted
Average
Remaining
Useful Life
(in years)
Developed technology$44,830 $20,850 $23,980 3.3
Customer relationships19,598 8,382 11,216 2.4
Trade names2,872 1,780 1,092 2.4
Total$67,300 $31,012 36,288 3.0
Foreign currency translation adjustment(2)
Total$36,286 
Amortization expense for the intangible assets for the three and six months ended October 31, 2021 and 2020 was as follows (in thousands):
 Three Months Ended October 31,Six Months Ended October 31,
 2021202020212020
Cost of revenue—cost of license—self-managed$395 $347 $741 $693 
Cost of revenue—cost of subscription—self-managed and SaaS2,103 1,762 3,769 3,525 
Sales and marketing1,428 1,433 2,857 2,874 
Total amortization of acquired intangible assets$3,926 $3,542 $7,367 $7,092 
16

The expected future amortization expense related to the intangible assets as of October 31, 2021 was as follows (in thousands, by fiscal year):
Remainder of 2022$8,068 
202315,830 
202412,656 
20256,673 
20263,940 
20271,453 
Total$48,620 
Goodwill
The following table represents the changes to goodwill (in thousands):
 Carrying
Amount
Balance as of April 30, 2021$198,851 
Additions from acquisitions93,064 
Foreign currency translation adjustment(125)
Balance as of October 31, 2021$291,790 
There was no impairment of goodwill during the six months ended October 31, 2021 and 2020.
Accrued Expenses and Other Liabilities
Accrued expenses and other liabilities consisted of the following (in thousands):
 As of
October 31, 2021
As of
April 30, 2021
Accrued expenses$22,865 $12,772 
Value added taxes payable5,936