10-Q 1 fds-20240229.htm 10-Q fds-20240229
00010132378/312024Q2falsehttp://fasb.org/us-gaap/2023#PrepaidExpenseAndOtherAssetsCurrenthttp://fasb.org/us-gaap/2023#PrepaidExpenseAndOtherAssetsCurrenthttp://fasb.org/us-gaap/2023#AccountsPayableAndAccruedLiabilitiesCurrenthttp://fasb.org/us-gaap/2023#AccountsPayableAndAccruedLiabilitiesCurrenthttp://fasb.org/us-gaap/2023#PrepaidExpenseAndOtherAssetsCurrenthttp://fasb.org/us-gaap/2023#PrepaidExpenseAndOtherAssetsCurrenthttp://fasb.org/us-gaap/2023#AccountsPayableAndAccruedLiabilitiesCurrenthttp://fasb.org/us-gaap/2023#AccountsPayableAndAccruedLiabilitiesCurrent00010132372023-09-012024-02-290001013237exch:XNYS2023-09-012024-02-290001013237exch:XNAS2023-09-012024-02-2900010132372024-03-27xbrli:shares00010132372023-12-012024-02-29iso4217:USD00010132372022-12-012023-02-2800010132372022-09-012023-02-28iso4217:USDxbrli:shares00010132372024-02-2900010132372023-08-3100010132372022-08-3100010132372023-02-280001013237us-gaap:CommonStockMember2023-11-300001013237us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2023-11-300001013237us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember2023-11-300001013237us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2023-11-300001013237us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2023-11-3000010132372023-11-300001013237us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2023-12-012024-02-290001013237us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2023-12-012024-02-290001013237us-gaap:CommonStockMember2023-12-012024-02-290001013237us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2023-12-012024-02-290001013237us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember2023-12-012024-02-290001013237us-gaap:CommonStockMember2024-02-290001013237us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2024-02-290001013237us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember2024-02-290001013237us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2024-02-290001013237us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2024-02-290001013237us-gaap:CommonStockMember2023-08-310001013237us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2023-08-310001013237us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember2023-08-310001013237us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2023-08-310001013237us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2023-08-310001013237us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2023-09-012024-02-290001013237us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2023-09-012024-02-290001013237us-gaap:CommonStockMember2023-09-012024-02-290001013237us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2023-09-012024-02-290001013237us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember2023-09-012024-02-290001013237us-gaap:CommonStockMember2022-11-300001013237us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2022-11-300001013237us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember2022-11-300001013237us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2022-11-300001013237us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2022-11-3000010132372022-11-300001013237us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2022-12-012023-02-280001013237us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2022-12-012023-02-280001013237us-gaap:CommonStockMember2022-12-012023-02-280001013237us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2022-12-012023-02-280001013237us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember2022-12-012023-02-280001013237us-gaap:CommonStockMember2023-02-280001013237us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2023-02-280001013237us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember2023-02-280001013237us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2023-02-280001013237us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2023-02-280001013237us-gaap:CommonStockMember2022-08-310001013237us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2022-08-310001013237us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember2022-08-310001013237us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2022-08-310001013237us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2022-08-310001013237us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2022-09-012023-02-280001013237us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2022-09-012023-02-280001013237us-gaap:CommonStockMember2022-09-012023-02-280001013237us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2022-09-012023-02-280001013237us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember2022-09-012023-02-28fds:segment0001013237fds:SupplierOneMemberus-gaap:CostOfGoodsTotalMemberus-gaap:SupplierConcentrationRiskMember2023-09-012024-02-29xbrli:pure0001013237us-gaap:CostOfGoodsTotalMemberus-gaap:SupplierConcentrationRiskMemberfds:SupplierTwoMember2023-09-012024-02-290001013237fds:AmericasSegmentMember2023-12-012024-02-290001013237fds:AmericasSegmentMember2022-12-012023-02-280001013237fds:AmericasSegmentMember2023-09-012024-02-290001013237fds:AmericasSegmentMember2022-09-012023-02-280001013237fds:EMEASegmentMember2023-12-012024-02-290001013237fds:EMEASegmentMember2022-12-012023-02-280001013237fds:EMEASegmentMember2023-09-012024-02-290001013237fds:EMEASegmentMember2022-09-012023-02-280001013237fds:AsiaPacificSegmentMember2023-12-012024-02-290001013237fds:AsiaPacificSegmentMember2022-12-012023-02-280001013237fds:AsiaPacificSegmentMember2023-09-012024-02-290001013237fds:AsiaPacificSegmentMember2022-09-012023-02-280001013237us-gaap:MoneyMarketFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2024-02-290001013237us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:MoneyMarketFundsMember2024-02-290001013237us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:MoneyMarketFundsMember2024-02-290001013237us-gaap:MoneyMarketFundsMember2024-02-290001013237us-gaap:MutualFundMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2024-02-290001013237us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:MutualFundMember2024-02-290001013237us-gaap:MutualFundMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2024-02-290001013237us-gaap:MutualFundMember2024-02-290001013237us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2024-02-290001013237us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2024-02-290001013237us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2024-02-290001013237us-gaap:MoneyMarketFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2023-08-310001013237us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:MoneyMarketFundsMember2023-08-310001013237us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:MoneyMarketFundsMember2023-08-310001013237us-gaap:MoneyMarketFundsMember2023-08-310001013237us-gaap:MutualFundMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2023-08-310001013237us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:MutualFundMember2023-08-310001013237us-gaap:MutualFundMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2023-08-310001013237us-gaap:MutualFundMember2023-08-310001013237us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2023-08-310001013237us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2023-08-310001013237us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2023-08-310001013237us-gaap:SeriesOfIndividuallyImmaterialBusinessAcquisitionsMember2023-08-310001013237fds:Notes2027Memberus-gaap:CarryingReportedAmountFairValueDisclosureMemberus-gaap:SeniorNotesMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2024-02-290001013237fds:Notes2027Memberus-gaap:EstimateOfFairValueFairValueDisclosureMemberus-gaap:SeniorNotesMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2024-02-290001013237fds:Notes2027Memberus-gaap:CarryingReportedAmountFairValueDisclosureMemberus-gaap:SeniorNotesMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2023-08-310001013237fds:Notes2027Memberus-gaap:EstimateOfFairValueFairValueDisclosureMemberus-gaap:SeniorNotesMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2023-08-310001013237fds:Notes2032Memberus-gaap:CarryingReportedAmountFairValueDisclosureMemberus-gaap:SeniorNotesMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2024-02-290001013237fds:Notes2032Memberus-gaap:EstimateOfFairValueFairValueDisclosureMemberus-gaap:SeniorNotesMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2024-02-290001013237fds:Notes2032Memberus-gaap:CarryingReportedAmountFairValueDisclosureMemberus-gaap:SeniorNotesMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2023-08-310001013237fds:Notes2032Memberus-gaap:EstimateOfFairValueFairValueDisclosureMemberus-gaap:SeniorNotesMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2023-08-310001013237us-gaap:SecuredDebtMemberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:CarryingReportedAmountFairValueDisclosureMemberfds:CreditAgreement2022Member2024-02-290001013237us-gaap:SecuredDebtMemberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:EstimateOfFairValueFairValueDisclosureMemberfds:CreditAgreement2022Member2024-02-290001013237us-gaap:SecuredDebtMemberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:CarryingReportedAmountFairValueDisclosureMemberfds:CreditAgreement2022Member2023-08-310001013237us-gaap:SecuredDebtMemberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:EstimateOfFairValueFairValueDisclosureMemberfds:CreditAgreement2022Member2023-08-310001013237us-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberus-gaap:CarryingReportedAmountFairValueDisclosureMemberfds:CreditAgreement2022Member2024-02-290001013237us-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberus-gaap:EstimateOfFairValueFairValueDisclosureMemberfds:CreditAgreement2022Member2024-02-290001013237us-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberus-gaap:CarryingReportedAmountFairValueDisclosureMemberfds:CreditAgreement2022Member2023-08-310001013237us-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberus-gaap:EstimateOfFairValueFairValueDisclosureMemberfds:CreditAgreement2022Member2023-08-310001013237us-gaap:CarryingReportedAmountFairValueDisclosureMember2024-02-290001013237us-gaap:EstimateOfFairValueFairValueDisclosureMember2024-02-290001013237us-gaap:CarryingReportedAmountFairValueDisclosureMember2023-08-310001013237us-gaap:EstimateOfFairValueFairValueDisclosureMember2023-08-310001013237srt:MinimumMember2023-09-012024-02-290001013237srt:MaximumMember2023-09-012024-02-290001013237us-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMemberus-gaap:CashFlowHedgingMemberfds:BritishPoundSterlingForeignExchangeForwardMember2024-02-29iso4217:GBP0001013237us-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMemberus-gaap:CashFlowHedgingMemberfds:BritishPoundSterlingForeignExchangeForwardMember2023-08-310001013237us-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMemberus-gaap:CashFlowHedgingMemberfds:IndianRupeeForeignExchangeForwardMember2024-02-29iso4217:INR0001013237us-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMemberus-gaap:CashFlowHedgingMemberfds:IndianRupeeForeignExchangeForwardMember2023-08-310001013237us-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMemberus-gaap:CashFlowHedgingMemberfds:EuroForeignExchangeForwardMember2024-02-29iso4217:EUR0001013237us-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMemberus-gaap:CashFlowHedgingMemberfds:EuroForeignExchangeForwardMember2023-08-310001013237us-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMemberus-gaap:CashFlowHedgingMemberfds:PhilippinePesoForeignExchangeForwardMember2024-02-29iso4217:PHP0001013237us-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMemberus-gaap:CashFlowHedgingMemberfds:PhilippinePesoForeignExchangeForwardMember2023-08-310001013237us-gaap:ForeignExchangeForwardMemberus-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMemberus-gaap:CashFlowHedgingMember2024-02-290001013237us-gaap:ForeignExchangeForwardMemberus-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMemberus-gaap:CashFlowHedgingMember2023-08-310001013237us-gaap:InterestRateSwapMemberus-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMemberus-gaap:CashFlowHedgingMember2022-03-010001013237us-gaap:InterestRateSwapMemberus-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMemberus-gaap:CashFlowHedgingMember2022-05-312024-02-280001013237us-gaap:InterestRateSwapMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMemberus-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMemberus-gaap:CashFlowHedgingMember2024-03-010001013237us-gaap:InterestRateSwapMembersrt:ScenarioForecastMemberus-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMemberus-gaap:CashFlowHedgingMember2024-05-312025-02-280001013237us-gaap:InterestRateSwapMemberus-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMemberus-gaap:CashFlowHedgingMember2024-02-290001013237us-gaap:InterestRateSwapMemberus-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMemberus-gaap:CashFlowHedgingMember2023-08-310001013237us-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMemberus-gaap:CashFlowHedgingMember2024-02-290001013237us-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMemberus-gaap:CashFlowHedgingMember2023-08-310001013237us-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMemberus-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMemberus-gaap:CashFlowHedgingMemberus-gaap:SellingGeneralAndAdministrativeExpensesMember2023-12-012024-02-290001013237us-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMemberus-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMemberus-gaap:CashFlowHedgingMemberus-gaap:SellingGeneralAndAdministrativeExpensesMember2022-12-012023-02-280001013237us-gaap:InterestExpenseMemberus-gaap:InterestRateSwapMemberus-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMemberus-gaap:CashFlowHedgingMember2023-12-012024-02-290001013237us-gaap:InterestExpenseMemberus-gaap:InterestRateSwapMemberus-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMemberus-gaap:CashFlowHedgingMember2022-12-012023-02-280001013237us-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMemberus-gaap:CashFlowHedgingMember2023-12-012024-02-290001013237us-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMemberus-gaap:CashFlowHedgingMember2022-12-012023-02-280001013237us-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMemberus-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMemberus-gaap:CashFlowHedgingMemberus-gaap:SellingGeneralAndAdministrativeExpensesMember2023-09-012024-02-290001013237us-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMemberus-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMemberus-gaap:CashFlowHedgingMemberus-gaap:SellingGeneralAndAdministrativeExpensesMember2022-09-012023-02-280001013237us-gaap:InterestExpenseMemberus-gaap:InterestRateSwapMemberus-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMemberus-gaap:CashFlowHedgingMember2023-09-012024-02-290001013237us-gaap:InterestExpenseMemberus-gaap:InterestRateSwapMemberus-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMemberus-gaap:CashFlowHedgingMember2022-09-012023-02-280001013237us-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMemberus-gaap:CashFlowHedgingMember2023-09-012024-02-290001013237us-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMemberus-gaap:CashFlowHedgingMember2022-09-012023-02-2800010132372024-02-292024-02-290001013237fds:AmericasSegmentMember2023-08-310001013237fds:EMEASegmentMember2023-08-310001013237fds:AsiaPacificSegmentMember2023-08-310001013237fds:AmericasSegmentMember2024-02-290001013237fds:EMEASegmentMember2024-02-290001013237fds:AsiaPacificSegmentMember2024-02-2900010132372023-06-012023-08-3100010132372022-06-012022-08-310001013237us-gaap:LicensingAgreementsMember2024-02-290001013237us-gaap:LicensingAgreementsMember2023-08-310001013237srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember2024-02-290001013237us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMembersrt:MaximumMember2024-02-290001013237us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember2024-02-290001013237us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember2023-08-310001013237srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:DevelopedTechnologyRightsMember2024-02-290001013237us-gaap:DevelopedTechnologyRightsMembersrt:MaximumMember2024-02-290001013237us-gaap:DevelopedTechnologyRightsMember2024-02-290001013237us-gaap:DevelopedTechnologyRightsMember2023-08-310001013237us-gaap:DatabasesMember2024-02-290001013237us-gaap:DatabasesMember2023-08-310001013237srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:ComputerSoftwareIntangibleAssetMember2024-02-290001013237us-gaap:ComputerSoftwareIntangibleAssetMembersrt:MaximumMember2024-02-290001013237us-gaap:ComputerSoftwareIntangibleAssetMember2024-02-290001013237us-gaap:ComputerSoftwareIntangibleAssetMember2023-08-310001013237srt:MinimumMemberfds:DataContentMember2024-02-290001013237fds:DataContentMembersrt:MaximumMember2024-02-290001013237fds:DataContentMember2024-02-290001013237fds:DataContentMember2023-08-310001013237us-gaap:NoncompeteAgreementsMember2024-02-290001013237us-gaap:NoncompeteAgreementsMember2023-08-310001013237srt:MinimumMember2024-02-290001013237srt:MaximumMember2024-02-290001013237us-gaap:SecuredDebtMemberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberfds:CreditAgreement2022Member2024-02-290001013237us-gaap:SecuredDebtMemberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberfds:CreditAgreement2022Member2023-08-310001013237us-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberfds:CreditAgreement2022Member2024-02-290001013237us-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberfds:CreditAgreement2022Member2023-08-310001013237fds:Notes2027Memberus-gaap:SeniorNotesMember2024-02-290001013237fds:Notes2027Memberus-gaap:SeniorNotesMember2023-08-310001013237fds:Notes2032Memberus-gaap:SeniorNotesMember2024-02-290001013237fds:Notes2032Memberus-gaap:SeniorNotesMember2023-08-310001013237us-gaap:SecuredDebtMemberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberfds:CreditAgreement2022Member2022-03-010001013237us-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberfds:CreditAgreement2022Member2022-03-012022-03-010001013237us-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberfds:CreditAgreement2022Member2022-03-010001013237us-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberfds:CreditAgreement2022Memberus-gaap:LetterOfCreditMember2022-03-010001013237us-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberfds:CreditAgreement2022Memberus-gaap:BridgeLoanMember2022-03-010001013237us-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberfds:CreditAgreement2022Member2022-03-012023-11-300001013237us-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberfds:CreditAgreement2022Member2023-12-012024-02-290001013237us-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberfds:CreditAgreement2022Member2022-08-310001013237us-gaap:SecuredDebtMemberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberfds:CreditAgreement2022Member2023-12-012024-02-290001013237us-gaap:SecuredDebtMemberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberfds:CreditAgreement2022Member2023-09-012024-02-290001013237us-gaap:SecuredDebtMemberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberfds:CreditAgreement2022Member2022-03-012024-02-290001013237fds:TermSecuredOvernightFinancingRateMemberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberfds:CreditAgreement2022Member2022-03-012023-11-300001013237fds:TermSecuredOvernightFinancingRateMemberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberfds:CreditAgreement2022Memberfds:InterestRateMarginMember2022-03-012023-11-300001013237fds:CreditSpreadAdjustmentMemberfds:TermSecuredOvernightFinancingRateMemberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberfds:CreditAgreement2022Member2022-03-012023-11-300001013237fds:TermSecuredOvernightFinancingRateMemberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberfds:CreditAgreement2022Member2023-12-012024-02-290001013237fds:TermSecuredOvernightFinancingRateMemberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberfds:CreditAgreement2022Memberfds:InterestRateMarginMember2023-12-012024-02-290001013237fds:CreditSpreadAdjustmentMemberfds:TermSecuredOvernightFinancingRateMemberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberfds:CreditAgreement2022Member2023-12-012024-02-290001013237us-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberfds:CreditAgreement2022Member2024-02-290001013237fds:Notes2027Memberus-gaap:SeniorNotesMember2022-03-010001013237fds:Notes2032Memberus-gaap:SeniorNotesMember2022-03-010001013237us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember2022-03-010001013237us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember2022-03-012022-03-010001013237fds:CapitalCommitmentMember2024-02-290001013237fds:CapitalCommitmentMember2023-08-310001013237us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember2023-12-012024-02-290001013237us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember2022-12-012023-02-280001013237us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember2023-09-012024-02-290001013237us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember2022-09-012023-02-2800010132372023-09-012023-11-3000010132372022-09-012022-11-300001013237us-gaap:AccumulatedGainLossNetCashFlowHedgeParentMember2024-02-290001013237us-gaap:AccumulatedGainLossNetCashFlowHedgeParentMember2023-08-310001013237us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember2024-02-290001013237us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember2023-08-310001013237us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2023-09-012024-02-290001013237us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2022-09-012023-02-280001013237us-gaap:PerformanceSharesMember2023-09-012024-02-290001013237us-gaap:PerformanceSharesMember2022-09-012023-02-280001013237srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:PerformanceSharesMember2022-11-012022-11-010001013237us-gaap:PerformanceSharesMembersrt:MaximumMember2022-11-012022-11-010001013237srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:PerformanceSharesMember2023-11-012023-11-010001013237us-gaap:PerformanceSharesMembersrt:MaximumMember2023-11-012023-11-010001013237us-gaap:ShareBasedPaymentArrangementEmployeeMember2024-02-290001013237us-gaap:ShareBasedPaymentArrangementEmployeeMember2023-09-012024-02-290001013237us-gaap:ShareBasedPaymentArrangementEmployeeMember2022-09-012023-02-280001013237us-gaap:ShareBasedPaymentArrangementEmployeeMember2023-11-012023-11-010001013237us-gaap:ShareBasedPaymentArrangementEmployeeMember2022-11-012022-11-010001013237us-gaap:ShareBasedPaymentArrangementEmployeeMemberus-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2022-11-012022-11-010001013237us-gaap:ShareBasedPaymentArrangementEmployeeMemberus-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2023-11-012023-11-010001013237us-gaap:ShareBasedPaymentArrangementEmployeeMemberus-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember2023-09-012024-02-290001013237us-gaap:ShareBasedPaymentArrangementEmployeeMemberus-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember2022-09-012023-02-280001013237us-gaap:PerformanceSharesMemberus-gaap:ShareBasedPaymentArrangementEmployeeMember2023-09-012024-02-290001013237us-gaap:PerformanceSharesMemberus-gaap:ShareBasedPaymentArrangementEmployeeMember2022-09-012023-02-280001013237fds:RestrictedStockUnitsAndPerformanceSharesMemberus-gaap:ShareBasedPaymentArrangementEmployeeMember2023-09-012024-02-290001013237fds:RestrictedStockUnitsAndPerformanceSharesMemberus-gaap:ShareBasedPaymentArrangementEmployeeMember2022-09-012023-02-280001013237us-gaap:ShareBasedPaymentArrangementEmployeeMemberus-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember2023-11-012023-11-010001013237us-gaap:ShareBasedPaymentArrangementEmployeeMemberus-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember2022-11-012022-11-010001013237us-gaap:EmployeeStockMember2023-09-012024-02-290001013237us-gaap:EmployeeStockMember2024-02-290001013237us-gaap:EmployeeStockMember2023-12-012024-02-290001013237us-gaap:EmployeeStockMember2022-12-012023-02-280001013237us-gaap:EmployeeStockMember2022-09-012023-02-28
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
_________________________________________________
Form 10-Q
_________________________________________________
xQUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended February 29, 2024
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from ______to ______

Commission File Number: 1-11869
_________________________________________________
FACTSET RESEARCH SYSTEMS INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
fdsimagea02.jpg
_________________________________________________
Delaware13-3362547
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
45 Glover Avenue, Norwalk, Connecticut
06850
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (203) 810-1000

Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report: None
_________________________________________________
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbols(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.01 Par ValueFDSNew York Stock Exchange LLC
The Nasdaq Stock Market

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes x No ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company," and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer x   Accelerated filer ☐   Non-accelerated filer ☐   Smaller reporting company    Emerging growth company 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
Yes No x
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer's classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date:
The number of shares outstanding of the registrant’s common stock, $.01 par value, as of March 27, 2024 was 38,115,834.


FactSet Research Systems Inc.
Form 10-Q
For the Quarter Ended February 29, 2024
Index
Page
Consolidated Statements of Income for the three and six months ended February 29, 2024 and February 28, 2023
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the three and six months ended February 29, 2024 and February 28, 2023
Consolidated Balance Sheets at February 29, 2024 and August 31, 2023
Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity for the three and six months ended February 29, 2024 and February 28, 2023
For additional information about FactSet Research Systems Inc. and access to its Annual Reports to Stockholders and Securities and Exchange Commission filings, free of charge, please visit FactSet’s website (https://investor.factset.com). Any information on or linked from the website is not incorporated by reference into this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.










2

Special Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
FactSet Research Systems Inc. has made statements under the captions Part I, Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, Part II, Item 1A. Risk Factors, and in other sections of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the three and six months ended February 29, 2024, that are forward-looking statements. In some cases, you can identify these statements by words such as "may," "might," "will," "should," "expects," "plans," "anticipates," "believes," "estimates," "intends," "projects," "indicates," "predicts," "potential," or "continue," and similar expressions.
These forward-looking statements, which are subject to risks, uncertainties and assumptions about us, may include projections of our future financial performance and anticipated trends in our business. These statements are only predictions based on our current expectations, estimates, forecasts and projections about future events. These statements are not guarantees of future performance and involve a number of risks, uncertainties and assumptions. There are many important factors that could cause our actual results, level of activity, performance or achievements to differ materially from the results, level of activity, performance or achievements expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements, including the numerous factors discussed under Part I, Item 1A. Risk Factors in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended August 31, 2023, that should be specifically considered.
Although we believe the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, we cannot guarantee future results, level of activity, performance or achievements. Moreover, neither we nor any other person assumes responsibility for the accuracy and completeness of any of these forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date they are made, and actual results could differ materially from those anticipated in forward-looking statements. We do not intend, and are under no duty, to update any of these forward-looking statements after the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q to reflect actual results, future events or circumstances, or revised expectations.
We intend that all forward-looking statements we make will be subject to safe harbor protection of the federal securities laws as found in Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.

3

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
FactSet Research Systems Inc.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME – Unaudited
Three Months EndedSix Months Ended
February 29,February 28,February 29,February 28,
(in thousands, except per share data)2024202320242023
Revenues$545,945 $515,085 $1,088,161 $1,019,900 
Operating expenses
Cost of services255,142 240,806 506,763 467,848 
Selling, general and administrative108,807 104,582 209,518 210,178 
Asset impairments54 447 898 729 
Total operating expenses364,003 345,835 717,179 678,755 
Operating income181,942 169,250 370,982 341,145 
Other income (expense), net
Interest income2,847 2,903 5,859 5,108 
Interest expense(16,599)(16,737)(33,337)(33,274)
Other income (expense), net455 1,346 337 1,668 
Total other income (expense), net(13,297)(12,488)(27,141)(26,498)
Income before income taxes168,645 156,762 343,841 314,647 
Provision for income taxes27,705 25,169 54,346 46,256 
Net income$140,940 $131,593 $289,495 $268,391 
Basic earnings per common share$3.70 $3.44 $7.61 $7.03 
Diluted earnings per common share$3.65 $3.38 $7.49 $6.89 
Basic weighted average common shares38,103 38,281 38,059 38,201 
Diluted weighted average common shares38,650 38,981 38,646 38,947 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Consolidated Financial Statements.







4

FactSet Research Systems Inc.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME – Unaudited
Three Months EndedSix Months Ended
February 29,February 28,February 29,February 28,
(in thousands)2024202320242023
Net income$140,940 $131,593 $289,495 $268,391 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
Net unrealized gain (loss) on cash flow hedges(1)
(1,186)(2,254)(2,840)4,301 
Foreign currency translation adjustment gains (losses)(2,956)3,070 (1,048)11,839 
Other comprehensive income (loss)(4,142)816 (3,888)16,140 
Comprehensive income$136,798 $132,409 $285,607 $284,531 
(1) Presented net of a tax benefit of $419 thousand and $779 thousand for the three months ended February 29, 2024 and February 28, 2023, respectively. Presented net of a tax benefit of $1,007 thousand and a tax expense of $1,485 thousand for the six months ended February 29, 2024 and February 28, 2023, respectively.

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Consolidated Financial Statements.

5

FactSet Research Systems Inc.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS – Unaudited
(in thousands, except share data)February 29, 2024August 31, 2023
ASSETS
Cash and cash equivalents$381,708 $425,444 
Investments68,519 32,210 
Accounts receivable, net of reserves of $10,787 at February 29, 2024 and $7,769 at August 31, 2023
272,177 237,665 
Prepaid taxes42,570 24,206 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets58,047 50,610 
Total current assets823,021 770,135 
Property, equipment and leasehold improvements, net80,971 86,107 
Goodwill1,003,883 1,004,736 
Intangible assets, net1,860,609 1,859,202 
Deferred taxes24,345 27,229 
Lease right-of-use assets, net133,917 141,837 
Other assets64,120 73,676 
TOTAL ASSETS$3,990,866 $3,962,922 
LIABILITIES
Accounts payable and accrued expenses$128,155 $121,816 
Current lease liabilities28,965 28,839 
Accrued compensation72,319 112,892 
Deferred revenues175,121 152,430 
Current taxes payable17,832 31,009 
Dividends payable37,360 37,265 
Total current liabilities459,752 484,251 
Long-term debt1,489,488 1,612,700 
Deferred taxes8,232 6,737 
Deferred revenues, non-current3,177 3,734 
Taxes payable35,734 30,344 
Long-term lease liabilities185,759 198,382 
Other liabilities6,970 6,844 
TOTAL LIABILITIES$2,189,112 $2,342,992 
Commitments and contingencies (see Note 11)
STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Preferred stock, $0.01 par value, 10,000,000 shares authorized, none issued
$ $ 
Common stock, $0.01 par value; 150,000,000 shares authorized; 42,475,726 and 42,096,628 shares issued; 38,123,087 and 38,025,372 shares outstanding at February 29, 2024 and August 31, 2023, respectively
425 421 
Additional paid-in capital1,421,133 1,323,631 
Treasury stock, at cost: 4,352,639 and 4,071,256 shares at February 29, 2024 and August 31, 2023, respectively
(1,248,707)(1,122,077)
Retained earnings1,719,932 1,505,096 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(91,029)(87,141)
TOTAL STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY$1,801,754 $1,619,930 
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY$3,990,866 $3,962,922 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Consolidated Financial Statements.
6

FactSet Research Systems Inc.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS Unaudited
Six Months Ended
February 29,February 28,
(in thousands)20242023
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES
Net income$289,495 $268,391 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities
Depreciation and amortization58,650 52,208 
Amortization of lease right-of-use assets15,263 19,596 
Stock-based compensation expense30,962 27,500 
Deferred income taxes5,632 (6,470)
Asset impairments898 729 
Changes in assets and liabilities, net of effects of acquisitions
Accounts receivable, net of reserves(39,468)(54,294)
Accounts payable and accrued expenses10,377 12,102 
Accrued compensation(40,456)(51,714)
Deferred revenues22,133 11,069 
Taxes payable, net of prepaid taxes(26,150)(2,576)
Lease liabilities, net(19,840)(22,877)
Other, net(8,554)17,650 
Net cash provided by operating activities298,942 271,314 
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES
Purchases of property, equipment, leasehold improvements and capitalized internal-use software(38,383)(35,416)
Purchases of investments(44,936)(10,889)
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities(83,319)(46,305)
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES
Repayments of debt(125,000)(250,000)
Dividend payments(74,141)(67,478)
Proceeds from employee stock plans66,544 43,605 
Repurchases of common stock(112,165) 
Other financing activities(14,465)(11,781)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities(259,227)(285,654)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents(132)2,698 
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents(43,736)(57,947)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period425,444 503,273 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period$381,708 $445,326 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Consolidated Financial Statements.

7

FactSet Research Systems Inc.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY- Unaudited
For the Three Months Ended February 29, 2024
(in thousands, except share data)Common StockAdditional
Paid-in
Capital
Treasury StockRetained
Earnings
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive Loss
Total
Stockholders’
Equity
SharesPar ValueSharesAmount
Balance as of November 30, 202342,297,330 $423 $1,366,343 4,237,590 $(1,195,491)$1,616,352 $(86,887)$1,700,740 
Net income140,940 140,940 
Other comprehensive income (loss)(4,142)(4,142)
Common stock issued for employee stock plans172,244 2 38,138 197 (88)38,052 
Vesting of restricted stock6,152 — — 1,802 (873)(873)
Repurchases of common stock113,050 (52,255)(52,255)
Stock-based compensation expense16,652 16,652 
Dividends declared(37,360)(37,360)
Balance as of February 29, 202442,475,726 $425 $1,421,133 4,352,639 $(1,248,707)$1,719,932 $(91,029)$1,801,754 
For the Six Months Ended February 29, 2024
(in thousands, except share data)Common StockAdditional
Paid-in
Capital
Treasury StockRetained
Earnings
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
Total
Stockholders’
Equity
SharesPar ValueSharesAmount
Balance as of August 31, 202342,096,628 $421 $1,323,631 4,071,256 $(1,122,077)$1,505,096 $(87,141)$1,619,930 
Net income289,495 289,495 
Other comprehensive income (loss)(3,888)(3,888)
Common stock issued for employee stock plans297,348 3 66,541 343 (153)66,391 
Vesting of restricted stock81,750 1 (1)32,040 (14,312)(14,312)
Repurchases of common stock249,000 (112,165)(112,165)
Stock-based compensation expense30,962 30,962 
Dividends declared(74,659)(74,659)
Balance as of February 29, 202442,475,726 $425 $1,421,133 4,352,639 $(1,248,707)$1,719,932 $(91,029)$1,801,754 




8

FactSet Research Systems Inc.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY- Unaudited

For the Three Months Ended February 28, 2023
(in thousands, except share data)Common StockAdditional
Paid-in
Capital
Treasury StockRetained
Earnings
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
Total
Stockholders’
Equity
SharesPar ValueSharesAmount
Balance as of November 30, 202241,848,430 $418 $1,225,947 3,634,322 $(941,705)$1,282,527 $(93,059)$1,474,128 
Net income131,593 131,593 
Other comprehensive income (loss)816 816 
Common stock issued for employee stock plans95,543 1 20,180 20,181 
Vesting of restricted stock5,910 1  1,853 (791)(790)
Stock-based compensation expense15,325 15,325 
Dividends declared(34,099)(34,099)
Balance as of February 28, 202341,949,883 $420 $1,261,452 3,636,175 $(942,496)$1,380,021 $(92,243)$1,607,154 
For the Six Months Ended February 28, 2023
(in thousands, except share data)Common StockAdditional
Paid-in
Capital
Treasury StockRetained
Earnings
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
Total
Stockholders’
Equity
SharesPar ValueSharesAmount
Balance as of August 31, 202241,653,218 $417 $1,190,350 3,608,462 $(930,715)$1,179,739 $(108,383)$1,331,408 
Net income268,391 268,391 
Other comprehensive income (loss)16,140 16,140 
Common stock issued for employee stock plans226,966 2 43,602 410 (166)43,438 
Vesting of restricted stock69,699 1  27,303 (11,615)(11,614)
Stock-based compensation expense27,500 27,500 
Dividends declared(68,109)(68,109)
Balance as of February 28, 202341,949,883 $420 $1,261,452 3,636,175 $(942,496)$1,380,021 $(92,243)$1,607,154 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Consolidated Financial Statements.

9

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
FactSet Research Systems Inc.
February 29, 2024
(Unaudited)
10


1. DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS
FactSet Research Systems Inc. and its wholly-owned subsidiaries (collectively, "we," "our," "us," the "Company" or "FactSet") is a global financial digital platform and enterprise solutions provider with open and flexible technologies that drive the investment community to see more, think bigger and do its best work.
Our platform delivers expansive data, sophisticated analytics and flexible technology used by global financial professionals to power their critical investment workflows. As of February 29, 2024, we had more than 8,000 clients comprised of over 206,000 investment professionals, including institutional asset managers, bankers, wealth managers, asset owners, partners, hedge funds, corporate users and private equity and venture capital professionals. Our revenues are primarily derived from subscriptions to our multi-asset class data and solutions powered by our connected content, referred to as our "content refinery." Our products and services include workstations, portfolio analytics and enterprise solutions.
We drive our business based on our detailed understanding of our clients' workflows, which helps us to solve their most complex challenges. We provide financial data and market intelligence on securities, companies, industries and people to enable our clients to research investment ideas, as well as to analyze, monitor and manage their portfolios. Our on- and off-platform solutions span the investment life cycle of investment research, portfolio construction and analysis, trade execution, performance measurement, risk management and reporting. We provide open and flexible technology offerings, including a configurable desktop and mobile platform, comprehensive data feeds, cloud-based digital solutions and application programming interfaces ("APIs"). Our CUSIP Global Services ("CGS") business supports security master files relied on by the investment industry for critical front, middle and back-office functions. Our platform and solutions are supported by our dedicated client service team.
We operate our business through three reportable segments ("segments"): the Americas, EMEA and Asia Pacific. During fiscal 2024, we revised our internal organization within each segment to offer data, products and analytical applications by firm type:
"Institutional Buyside" focuses on asset managers, asset owners, and hedge fund companies,
"Dealmakers" focuses on banking and sell-side research, corporate, and private equity and venture capital workflows,
"Wealth" focuses on wealth management workflows, and
"Partnerships and CGS": "Partnerships" delivers solutions to content providers, financial exchanges, and rating agencies. "CGS" is the exclusive issuer of Committee on Uniform Security Identification Procedures ("CUSIP") and CUSIP International Number System ("CINS") identifiers.
As our chief operating decision maker ("CODM") continues to review our business and operating results based on our three segments, the Americas, EMEA and Asia Pacific, the realignment of our internal organization by firm type will not impact our segments for fiscal 2024. Refer to Note 15, Segment Information, for further discussion on our segments and CODM.
2. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Basis of Presentation
We conduct business globally and manage our business on a geographic basis. The accompanying unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States ("GAAP") for interim financial information and the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all information and footnotes required by GAAP for annual financial statements. As such, the information in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q should be read in conjunction with the audited Consolidated Financial Statements and notes thereto included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended August 31, 2023. The accompanying unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements include our accounts and those of our wholly-owned subsidiaries; all intercompany activity and balances have been eliminated.
In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements include all normal recurring adjustments, transactions or events discretely impacting the interim periods considered necessary to present fairly our results of operations, financial position, cash flows and equity.
11

Reclassifications
We presented the components of Interest expense, net separately as Interest income and Interest expense in the Consolidated Statements of Income for the three and six months ended February 29, 2024. We conformed the comparative figures for the three and six months ended February 28, 2023 to the current period presentation.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of our Consolidated Financial Statements and related disclosures in conformity with GAAP required management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Significant estimates may include income taxes, stock-based compensation, goodwill and intangible assets, business combinations, long-lived assets, contingencies and impairment assessments. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of our assets and liabilities. Actual results could differ materially from those estimates.
Concentrations of Credit Risk
Credit risk arises from the potential nonperformance by counterparties to fulfill their financial obligations. Our financial instruments that potentially subject us to concentrations of credit risk consist primarily of our cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, investments in mutual funds and derivative instruments. The maximum credit exposure of our cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable and investments in mutual funds is their carrying values as of the balance sheet date. The maximum credit exposure related to our derivative instruments is based upon their respective gross fair values as of the balance sheet date.
Cash and Cash Equivalents and Investments
We are exposed to credit risk on our cash, cash equivalents and investments in mutual funds in the event of default by the governmental and financial institutions with which we transact. We invest in a manner that aligns with our restrictive cash investment practices, preserves capital and provides liquidity, while minimizing our exposure to credit risk. We limit our exposure to credit loss by investing with multiple governmental and financial institutions that we believe are high-quality and credit-worthy. We have not experienced any credit losses relating to our cash, cash equivalents and investments in mutual funds.
Accounts Receivable
Our accounts receivable credit risk is dependent upon the financial stability of our individual clients. As of February 29, 2024 and August 31, 2023, our accounts receivable reserve was $10.8 million and $7.8 million, respectively. We do not require collateral from our clients; however, no single client represented more than 3.5% of our total revenues in any period presented. Our concentration of credit risk related to our accounts receivable is generally limited, due to our large and geographically dispersed client base.
Derivative Instruments
Our use of derivative instruments exposes us to credit risk to the extent counterparties may be unable to meet the terms of their agreements. To mitigate credit risk, we limit counterparties to financial institutions we believe are credit-worthy and use several institutions to reduce concentration risk. We do not expect any losses as a result of default by our counterparties.
Concentrations of Data Providers
We integrate data from various third-party sources into our hosted proprietary data and analytics platform. As certain data sources have a limited number of suppliers, we make every effort to assure that, where reasonable, alternative sources are available. We are not dependent on any individual third-party data supplier to meet the needs of our clients, with only two data suppliers each representing more than 10% of our total data costs for the six months ended February 29, 2024.
Concentrations of Cloud Providers
Our clients rely on us for the delivery of time-sensitive, up-to-date data and applications. Our business is dependent on our ability to process substantial volumes of data and transactions rapidly and efficiently. We currently use multiple providers of cloud services; however, one supplier provided the majority of our cloud computing support for the six months ended February 29, 2024. We maintain back-up facilities and other redundancies at our data centers, take security measures and have emergency planning procedures to minimize the risk that an event will disrupt our operations.
12

Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
We did not adopt any new standards or updates issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") during the three and six months ended February 29, 2024 that had a material impact on our Consolidated Financial Statements.
Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted
Income Taxes - Improvements to Income Tax Disclosures
In December 2023, the FASB issued ASU 2023-09, Income Taxes (Topic 740) - Improvements to Income Tax Disclosures. This ASU enhances annual income tax disclosures primarily related to our effective tax rate reconciliation and income taxes paid. The amendments in this ASU are to be applied prospectively, although retrospective application is permitted, and are effective for our annual financial statements starting in fiscal 2026. Early adoption is permitted. This ASU is not expected to have a material impact on our Consolidated Financial Statements. We are currently assessing the impact of the new requirements on our disclosures.
Segment Reporting - Improvements to Reportable Segment Disclosures
In November 2023, the FASB issued ASU 2023-07, Segment Reporting (Topic 280) - Improvements to Reportable Segment Disclosures. This ASU enhances segment disclosures primarily related to significant segment expenses for both interim and annual periods. The amendments in this ASU are to be applied retrospectively and are effective for our annual financial statements starting in fiscal 2025 and interim periods starting in fiscal 2026. Early adoption is permitted. This ASU is not expected to have a material impact on our Consolidated Financial Statements. We are currently assessing the impact of the new requirements on our disclosures.
Disclosure Improvements - Codification Amendment in Response to the Securities and Exchange Commission's ("SEC") Disclosure Update and Simplification Initiative
In October 2023, the FASB issued ASU 2023-06, Disclosure Improvements - Codification Amendment in Response to the SEC’s Disclosure Update and Simplification Initiative. The ASU incorporates several disclosure and presentation requirements currently residing in the SEC Regulations S-X and S-K. The amendments will be applied prospectively and are effective when the SEC removes the related requirements from Regulations S-X or S-K. Any amendments the SEC does not remove by June 30, 2027 will not be effective. As we are currently subject to these SEC requirements, this ASU is not expected to have a material impact on our Consolidated Financial Statements or related disclosures.
No other new accounting pronouncements issued or effective as of February 29, 2024 have had, or are expected to have, a material impact on our Consolidated Financial Statements.
3. REVENUE RECOGNITION
We derive most of our revenues by providing client access to our multi-asset class solutions powered by our content refinery (referred to as the "Hosted Platform"). The Hosted Platform is a subscription-based service that provides client access to various combinations of products and services including workstations, portfolio analytics and enterprise solutions. We also derive revenues through our CGS platform, a subscription-based service that provides access to a database of universally recognized security identifiers and related descriptive data for issuers and their financial instruments (referred to as the "Identifier Platform").
The majority of each of our contracts with clients, whether for our Hosted Platform or Identifier Platform services, represents a single performance obligation covering a series of distinct products and services that are substantially the same and that have the same pattern of transfer to the client. The primary nature of the promise to the client is to provide daily access to each of these data and analytics platforms over the associated contractual term. These platforms provide integrated financial information, analytical applications and industry-leading service for the investment community. Based on the nature of the services and products offered by these platforms, we apply an output time-based measure of progress as the client is simultaneously receiving and consuming the benefits of the respective platform. We recognize revenue for the majority of these platforms in accordance with the 'as invoiced' practical expedient, because the consideration that we have the right to invoice corresponds directly with the value of our performance to date. There are no significant judgments that would impact the timing of revenue recognition.
13

Due to our election of the practical expedient, we do not consider payment terms as a financing component within a client contract when, at contract inception, the period between the transfer of the promised services to the client and the payment timing for those services will be one year or less.
The majority of client contracts have a duration of one year, or the amount we are entitled to receive corresponds directly with the value of our performance obligations completed to date. Therefore, we do not disclose the value of the remaining unsatisfied performance obligations. 
Disaggregated Revenues 
We disaggregate revenues from our client contracts by segment based on our clients' respective geographic locations. Our business segmentation by geography is aligned with the operational and economic characteristics of our business. Refer to Note 15, Segment Information, for further information. 
The following table presents revenues disaggregated by segment:
 
Three Months EndedSix Months Ended
February 29,February 28,February 29,February 28,
(in thousands)2024202320242023
Americas$352,618 $331,121 $700,985 $654,488 
EMEA
139,176 132,508 278,737 263,246 
Asia Pacific54,151 51,456 108,439 102,166 
Total Revenues$545,945 $515,085 $1,088,161 $1,019,900 
4. FAIR VALUE MEASURES
Fair value is defined as the price that would be received from selling an asset or paid to transfer a liability (i.e., the "exit price") in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. In determining fair value, the use of various valuation methodologies, including market, income and cost approaches, are permissible. The inputs to these methodologies consider market comparable information, taking into account the principal or most advantageous market in which we would transact, when pricing the asset or liability. 
Fair Value Hierarchy 
The accounting guidance for fair value measurements establishes a three-level fair value hierarchy that requires an entity to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value. The hierarchy ranks the reliability of the inputs, based upon the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement, used to determine fair value. Our assessment of the significance of a particular input to the fair value measurement requires judgment and may affect its placement within the fair value hierarchy. We have categorized our assets and liabilities within the fair value hierarchy as follows: 
Level 1 – applies to assets or liabilities for which there are quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.
Level 2 – applies to assets or liabilities for which there are inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the asset or liability such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets; quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in markets with insufficient volume or infrequent transactions (less active markets); or model-derived valuations in which significant inputs are observable or can be derived principally from, or corroborated by, observable market data.
Level 3 – applies to assets or liabilities for which there are unobservable inputs to the valuation methodology that are significant to the measurement of the fair value of the assets or liabilities.
The assumptions used in determining fair value represent our best estimates, but these estimates involve inherent uncertainties and the application of our judgment. As a result, if factors change, our fair value estimates could be materially different in the future and may adversely affect our business and financial results.
14

(a) Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis 
The following tables show, by level within the fair value hierarchy, our assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of February 29, 2024, and August 31, 2023. We did not have any transfers between levels of fair value measurements during the six months ended February 29, 2024 and the fiscal year ended August 31, 2023.
 
Fair Value Measurements as of February 29, 2024
(in thousands)Level 1Level 2
Level 3
Total
Assets   
Money market funds(1)
$103,333 $ $ $103,333 
Mutual funds(2)
 68,519  68,519 
Derivative instruments(3)
 418  418 
Total assets measured at fair value$103,333 $68,937 $ $172,270 
Liabilities
Derivative instruments(3)
$ $490 $ $490 
Contingent Liability(4)
  8,282 8,282 
Total liabilities measured at fair value$ $490 $8,282 $8,772 

 
Fair Value Measurements as of August 31, 2023
(in thousands)Level 1Level 2
Level 3
Total
Assets   
Money market funds(1)
$137,125 $ $ $137,125 
Mutual funds(2)
 32,210  32,210 
Derivative instruments(3)
 4,383  4,383 
Total assets measured at fair value$137,125 $36,593 $ $173,718 
Liabilities
Derivative instruments(3)
$ $608 $ $608 
Contingent Liability(4)
  8,008 8,008 
Total liabilities measured at fair value$ $608 $8,008 $8,616 
(1) Our money market funds are readily convertible into cash. The net asset value of each fund on the last day of the reporting period is used to determine its fair value. Our money market funds are included in Cash and cash equivalents within the Consolidated Balance Sheets.
(2) Our mutual funds' fair value is based on the fair value of the underlying investments held by the mutual funds, allocated to each share of the mutual fund using a net asset value approach. The fair value of the underlying investments is based on observable inputs. Our mutual funds are included in Investments within the Consolidated Balance Sheets.
(3) Our derivative instruments as of February 29, 2024 included our foreign exchange forward contracts and, as of August 31, 2023, included our foreign exchange forward contracts and our 2022 Swap Agreement. We utilize the income approach to measure fair value for our foreign exchange forward contracts. The income approach uses pricing models that rely on market observable inputs such as spot, forward and interest rates, as well as credit default swap spreads. To estimate fair value for our interest rate swap agreement, we utilize a present value of future cash flows, leveraging a model-derived valuation that uses observable inputs such as interest rate yield curves. Refer to Note 5, Derivative Instruments, for more information on our derivative instruments and their classification within the Consolidated Balance Sheets.
(4) Our contingent liability resulted from the acquisition of a business during fiscal 2023. This liability reflects the present value of potential future payments that are contingent upon the achievement of certain specified milestones. The acquisition date fair value of the contingent liability was $7.9 million and was valued using a scenario-based method. This method incorporates unobservable inputs and assumptions made by management, including the probability of achieving specified milestones, expected time until payment and the discount rate. The fair value of the contingent liability is remeasured each reporting period until the contingency is resolved, with any changes in fair value recorded in Selling, general and administrative ("SG&A") within the Consolidated Statements of Income. The change in the fair value of the contingent liability from the acquisition date through February 29, 2024 was driven by the passage of time, with no changes made to key assumptions used in our fair value estimates.
15

(b) Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Non-Recurring Basis
Assets that are measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis primarily include our property, equipment and leasehold improvements ("PPE"), lease right-of-use ("ROU") assets, goodwill and intangible assets. These assets are assessed for impairment whenever events or circumstances indicate their carrying value may not be fully recoverable, and at least annually for goodwill. The fair values of these non-financial assets are determined based on valuation techniques using the best information available, and may include quoted market prices, market comparable information and discounted cash flow projections.
(c) Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value for Disclosure Purposes Only 
We elected not to carry our Long-term debt on the Consolidated Balance Sheets at fair value. The carrying value of our Long-term debt is net of related unamortized discounts and debt issuance costs.
Our Long-term debt is comprised of our Senior Notes and 2022 Credit Facilities. Our Senior Notes are publicly traded; therefore, the fair value of our Senior Notes is estimated based on quoted prices in active markets as of the reporting date, which are considered Level 1 inputs. The fair value of our 2022 Credit Facilities is estimated based on quoted market prices for similar instruments, adjusted for unobservable inputs to ensure comparability to our investment rating, maturity terms and principal outstanding, which are considered Level 3 inputs. Refer to Note 10, Debt for definitions of these terms and more information on the Senior Notes and 2022 Credit Facilities.
The following table summarizes information on our outstanding debt as of February 29, 2024 and August 31, 2023:
February 29, 2024August 31, 2023
(in thousands)Fair Value HierarchyPrincipal AmountEstimated Fair ValuePrincipal AmountEstimated Fair Value
2027 NotesLevel 1$500,000 $465,950 $500,000 $460,890 
2032 NotesLevel 1500,000 434,735 500,000 423,700 
2022 Term FacilityLevel 3250,000 251,093 375,000 376,406 
2022 Revolving FacilityLevel 3250,000 247,813 250,000 246,875 
Total principal amount$1,500,000 $1,399,591 $1,625,000 $1,507,871 
Total unamortized discounts and debt issuance costs(10,512)(12,300)
Total net carrying value of debt$1,489,488 $1,612,700 
5. DERIVATIVE INSTRUMENTS
Cash Flow Hedges 
In designing our hedging approach, we consider several factors, including offsetting exposures, the significance of exposures, the forecasting of risk and the potential effectiveness of the hedge to reduce the volatility of our earnings and cash flows. Factors considered in the decision to hedge an underlying market exposure include the materiality of the risk, the volatility of the market, the duration of the hedge, the degree to which the underlying exposure is committed, and the availability, effectiveness and cost of derivative instruments. Derivative instruments are only utilized for risk management purposes and are not used for speculative or trading purposes. We limit counterparties to financial institutions we believe are credit-worthy. Refer to Note 2, Summary of Significant Accounting Policies - Concentrations of Credit Risk, for further discussion on counterparty credit risk. 
We leverage foreign currency forward contracts and interest rate swap agreements to mitigate certain operational exposures from the impact of changes in foreign currency exchange rates and to manage our floating interest rate exposure, respectively. For a derivative that was designated and qualified as a cash flow hedge, the effective portion of the change in fair value of the derivative is recorded in Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss ("AOCL"), net of tax, in the Consolidated Balance Sheets. Realized gains or losses resulting from settlement of our foreign currency forward contracts and interest rate swap agreements are subsequently reclassified into SG&A and Interest expense, respectively, in the Consolidated Statements of Income when the hedges are settled. All of our derivatives qualified and were designated as cash flow hedges, and none of our derivatives were deemed ineffective, during the six months ended February 29, 2024 and February 28, 2023. There was no discontinuance of our cash flow hedges during the six months ended February 29, 2024 and February 28, 2023, and as such, no corresponding gains or losses related to changes in the value of our contracts were reclassified into earnings prior to settlement. 
16

Foreign Currency Forward Contracts
As we operate globally, we are exposed to the risk that our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows could be impacted by changes in foreign currency exchange rates. As of February 29, 2024, we maintained a series of foreign currency forward contracts to hedge a portion of our primary currency exposures, namely the British Pound Sterling, Indian Rupee, Euro and Philippine Peso. We entered into these contracts with the intent to hedge between 25% to 75% of the currency exposure related to our projected operating income in these primary currencies over their respective hedge periods. The hedge maturity periods range from the third quarter of fiscal 2024 through the second quarter of fiscal 2025.
The following table summarizes the gross notional value of our foreign currency forward contracts to purchase the respective local currency with U.S. dollars as of:
February 29, 2024August 31, 2023
(in thousands)Local Currency AmountNotional Contract Amount (USD)Local Currency AmountNotional Contract Amount (USD)
British Pound Sterling£42,400 $53,431 £45,000 $56,098 
Indian RupeeRs4,391,942 52,400 Rs3,363,150 40,300 
Euro43,700 47,960 39,000 42,646 
Philippine Peso1,890,330 33,600 1,888,541 33,600 
Total$187,391 $172,644 
Refer to Part I, Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for further discussion of our exposure to foreign exchange rate fluctuations.
Interest Rate Swap Agreements
2022 Swap Agreement
On March 1, 2022, we entered into an interest rate swap agreement ("2022 Swap Agreement") with a notional amount of $800.0 million to hedge a portion of our outstanding floating Secured Overnight Financing Rate ("SOFR") debt with a fixed interest rate of 1.162%. The notional amount of the 2022 Swap Agreement declined by $100.0 million on a quarterly basis beginning May 31, 2022. Effective December 30, 2022, we partially novated our 2022 Swap Agreement to equally apportion the then outstanding notional amount of the interest rate swap between two counterparties. No other terms of the 2022 Swap Agreement were amended, terminated, or otherwise modified prior to its maturity. The 2022 Swap Agreement matured on February 28, 2024.
2024 Swap Agreement
On March 1, 2024, we entered into an interest rate swap agreement ("2024 Swap Agreement") with a notional amount of $200.0 million to hedge a portion of our outstanding floating SOFR debt with a fixed interest rate of 5.145%. The notional amount of the 2024 Swap Agreement declines by $50.0 million on a quarterly basis beginning May 31, 2024 and matures on February 28, 2025.
Refer to Note 10, Debt, for further discussion of our outstanding floating SOFR debt and refer to Part I, Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for further discussion of our exposure to interest rate risk on our long-term debt outstanding.
Gross Notional Value and Fair Value of Derivative Instruments
The following is a summary of the gross notional values of our derivative instruments:

(in thousands)
Gross Notional Value
February 29, 2024August 31, 2023
Foreign currency forward contracts$187,391 $172,644 
Interest rate swap agreement 200,000 
Total cash flow hedges$187,391 $372,644 

17

The following is a summary of the fair values of our derivative instruments:
Fair Value of Derivative Instruments
(in thousands)Derivative AssetsDerivative Liabilities
Derivatives designated as hedging instrumentsBalance Sheet ClassificationFebruary 29, 2024August 31, 2023Balance Sheet ClassificationFebruary 29, 2024August 31, 2023
Foreign currency forward contractsPrepaid expenses and other current assets$418 $1,260 Accounts payable and accrued expenses$490 $608 
Interest rate swap agreementPrepaid expenses and other current assets 3,123 Accounts payable and accrued expenses  
Total cash flow hedges$418 $4,383 $490 $608 

Derivative Recognition
The following table provides the pre-tax effect of derivative instruments in cash flow hedging relationships for the three months ended February 29, 2024 and February 28, 2023:
Gain (Loss) Recognized in AOCL on DerivativesLocation of Gain (Loss) Reclassified from AOCL into IncomeGain (Loss) Reclassified from AOCL into Income
(in thousands)February 29,February 28,February 29,February 28,
Derivatives in Cash Flow Hedging Relationships2024202320242023
Foreign currency forward contracts$(623)$(215)SG&A$(47)$(279)
Interest rate swap agreement17 848 Interest expense1,046 3,945 
Total cash flow hedges$(606)$633 $999 $3,666 
The following table provides the pre-tax effect of derivative instruments in cash flow hedging relationships for the six months ended February 29, 2024 and February 28, 2023:
Gain (Loss) Reclassified in AOCL on DerivativesLocation of Gain (Loss) Reclassified from AOCL into IncomeGain (Loss) Reclassified from AOCL into Income
(in thousands)February 29,February 28,February 29,February 28,
Derivatives in Cash Flow Hedging Relationships2024202320242023
Foreign currency forward contracts$(406)$3,108 SG&A$318 $(5,244)
Interest rate swap agreement27 4,276 Interest expense3,150 6,842 
Total cash flow hedges$(379)$7,384 $3,468 $1,598 

As of February 29, 2024, we estimate that net pre-tax derivative losses of $0.1 million included in AOCL will be reclassified into earnings within the next 12 months. As of February 29, 2024, our cash flow hedges were highly effective with no amount of ineffectiveness recorded in the Consolidated Statements of Income. All components of each derivative’s gain or loss were included in the assessment of hedge effectiveness.
Offsetting of Derivative Instruments
We enter into master netting arrangements designed to permit net settlement of derivative transactions among the respective counterparties, settled on the same date and in the same currency. As of February 29, 2024 and August 31, 2023, there were no material amounts recorded net in the Consolidated Balance Sheets.
18

6. GOODWILL
Changes in the carrying value of goodwill by segment for the six months ended February 29, 2024 are as follows:
(in thousands)
AmericasEMEAAsia PacificTotal
Balance at August 31, 2023$704,759 $297,734 $2,243 $1,004,736 
Acquisitions181   181 
Foreign currency translations (967)(67)(1,034)
Balance at February 29, 2024$704,940 $296,767 $2,176 $1,003,883 
Goodwill is not amortized as it is estimated to have an indefinite life. Goodwill impairment is tested at the reporting unit level, which is consistent with our reportable segments. We test goodwill annually during the fourth quarter of each fiscal year or more frequently if events and circumstances occur indicating that it is more likely than not that the fair value of any one of our reporting units is less than its respective carrying value. If the carrying value of the reporting unit exceeds the fair value, then the goodwill is considered impaired and written down to the reporting unit’s fair value.

We tested our goodwill for impairment during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2023 utilizing a quantitative analysis. We elected to bypass the optional qualitative assessment and concluded there was no impairment as the fair value of each of our reporting units exceeded its carrying value. Our goodwill impairment test performed during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2022 utilized a qualitative analysis and concluded there was no impairment as it was more likely than not that the fair value of each of our reporting units was not less than its respective carrying value.
7. INTANGIBLE ASSETS
We amortize intangible assets on a straight line basis over their estimated useful lives. The following table presents the estimated useful life, gross carrying amounts and accumulated amortization totals related to our identifiable intangible assets as of February 29, 2024 and August 31, 2023:

February 29, 2024August 31, 2023
(in thousands, except useful lives)Estimated Useful Life (years)Gross Carrying AmountAccumulated AmortizationNet Carrying AmountGross Carrying AmountAccumulated AmortizationNet Carrying Amount
ABA business process
36
$1,583,000 $87,944 $1,495,056 $1,583,000 $65,958 $1,517,042 
Client relationships
11 to 26
265,129 74,416 190,713 265,315 68,701 196,614 
Developed technology
3 to 5
145,213 45,901 99,312 109,222 45,560 63,662 
Acquired databases
15
46,000 6,133 39,867 46,000 4,600 41,400 
Software technology
2 to 10
142,368 112,798 29,570 142,395 108,702 33,693 
Data content
7 to 20
35,169 29,320 5,849 35,021 28,508 6,513 
Non-compete agreements
4
290 48 242 290 12 278 
Total$2,217,169 $356,560 $1,860,609 $2,181,243 $322,041 $1,859,202 
The weighted average useful life of our intangible assets as of February 29, 2024 was 32.1 years. Intangible assets are tested for impairment qualitatively on a quarterly basis or whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset group is not recoverable. If indicators of impairment are present, our intangible assets are tested for impairment by comparing the carrying value to undiscounted cash flows and, if impaired, written down to fair value based on discounted cash flows. We did not identify a material impairment nor a material change to the estimated remaining useful lives of our intangible assets during the six months ended February 29, 2024 and February 28, 2023. Our intangible assets have no assigned residual values.
19

The following table presents the amortization expense for our intangible assets which is included in Cost of services in our Consolidated Statements of Income:
Three Months EndedSix Months Ended
February 29,February 28,February 29,February 28,
(in thousands)
2024202320242023
Amortization expense
$26,688 $21,782 $48,853 $43,436 
As of February 29, 2024, estimated intangible asset amortization expense for each of the next five years and thereafter is as follows:
(in thousands)Estimated Amortization Expense
Years Ended August 31,
2024 (remaining six months)$53,369 
2025102,958 
202695,323 
202772,779 
202863,279 
Thereafter1,472,901 
Total$1,860,609 
8. INCOME TAXES
We are subject to taxation in the United States and various foreign jurisdictions in which we conduct our business. Income tax expense is based on taxable income determined in accordance with current enacted laws and tax rates. Deferred income taxes are recorded for the temporary differences between the financial statement carrying amounts and the tax basis of our assets and liabilities using currently enacted tax rates.
Income Taxes Provision and Effective Tax Rate
The provision for income taxes and the effective tax rate are as follows:
Three Months EndedSix Months Ended
February 29,February 28,February 29,February 28,
(in thousands)2024202320242023
Income before income taxes$168,645 $156,762 $343,841 $314,647 
Provision for income taxes$27,705 $25,169 $54,346 $46,256 
Effective tax rate16.4 %16.1 %15.8 %14.7 %
Our provision for income taxes for interim periods is calculated by applying an estimate of our annual effective tax rate to our quarter and year-to-date results, adjusted for discrete items recorded in the period. The computation of the annual estimated effective tax rate at each interim period requires certain estimates and assumptions including, but not limited to, the expected pretax income (or loss) for the year, projections of the proportion of income (or loss) earned and taxed in foreign jurisdictions, permanent and temporary differences and the likelihood of recovering deferred tax assets, then adjusted for any discrete items. On a quarterly basis, we update the estimate of our annual effective tax rate as new events occur, assumptions change, or additional information is obtained.
Our effective tax rate for the three and six months ended February 29, 2024 was lower than the applicable U.S. corporate income tax rate mainly due to a net tax benefit from the employee exercise of stock options, research and development ("R&D") tax credits and utilization of foreign tax credits, partially offset by our state taxes. For the three and six months ended February 28, 2023, our effective tax rate was lower than the applicable U.S. corporate income tax rate mainly due to R&D tax credits, a foreign derived intangible income ("FDII") deduction and a net tax benefit from the employee exercise of stock options.
20

Our effective tax rate for the three months ended February 29, 2024 was higher than for the three months ended February 28, 2023, mainly driven by higher pretax income at applicable statutory tax rates and a higher overall foreign tax rate, partially offset by an increase in the exercise of stock options and increased utilization of foreign tax credits.
Our effective tax rate for the six months ended February 29, 2024 was higher than for the six months ended February 28, 2023, mainly driven by higher pretax income at applicable statutory tax rates and a higher overall foreign tax rate, partially offset by increased utilization of foreign tax credits.
Undistributed Foreign Earnings
We permanently reinvest all foreign undistributed earnings, except in jurisdictions where earnings can be repatriated substantially free of tax. It is not practicable to determine the deferred tax liability that would be payable if these earnings were repatriated to the U.S.
Inflation Reduction Act of 2022
On August 16, 2022, the Inflation Reduction Act ("IRA") was signed into law. The IRA contains several revisions to the Internal Revenue Code effective for taxable years beginning after December 31, 2022, including a 15% minimum income tax on certain large corporations. We do not expect this revision to have a material impact on our Consolidated Financial Statements.
9. LEASES
Our lease portfolio is primarily related to our office space, under various operating lease agreements. We review new arrangements at inception to evaluate whether we obtain substantially all the economic benefits of and have the right to control the use of an asset. Our lease ROU assets and lease liabilities are recognized based on the present value of future minimum lease payments at lease commencement (which includes fixed lease payments and certain qualifying index-based variable payments) over the reasonably certain lease term, leveraging an estimated incremental borrowing rate ("IBR"). Certain adjustments to calculate our lease ROU assets may be required due to prepayments, lease incentives received and initial direct costs incurred. We account for lease and non-lease components as a single lease component, which we recognize over the expected lease term on a straight-line expense basis in occupancy costs (a component of SG&A expense) in our Consolidated Statements of Income.
As of February 29, 2024, we recognized $133.9 million of Lease ROU assets, net and $214.7 million of combined Current lease liabilities and Long-term lease liabilities in the Consolidated Balance Sheets. Our leases have a remaining lease term ranging from less than one year to just under 12 years and do not include any renewal or termination options that were not reasonably certain to be exercised.
The following table presents our future minimum lease payments and a reconciliation to the combined Current lease liabilities and Long-term lease liabilities in the Consolidated Balance Sheets as of February 29, 2024:
(in thousands)
Minimum Lease
Payments
Years Ended August 31,
2024 (remaining six months)$19,037 
202538,022 
202637,658 
202736,339 
202831,771 
Thereafter88,843 
Total minimum lease payments
$251,670 
Less: Imputed interest36,946 
Total lease liabilities
$214,724 
21

The following table includes components of our occupancy costs:
Three Months EndedSix Months Ended
February 29,February 28,February 29,February 28,
(in thousands)
2024202320242023
Operating lease costs(1)
$7,645 $8,156 $15,263 $16,233 
Variable lease costs(2)
$4,817 $3,834 $9,306 $8,054 
(1) Operating lease costs include costs associated with fixed lease payments and index-based variable payments that qualified for lease accounting under ASC 842, Leases and complied with the practical expedients and exceptions we elected.
(2) Variable lease costs include costs that were not fixed at the lease commencement date and are not dependent on an index or rate. These costs were not included in the measurement of lease liabilities and primarily include variable non-lease costs, such as utilities, real estate taxes, insurance and maintenance, as well as lease costs for those leases that qualified for the short-term lease exception.
The following table summarizes our weighted average remaining lease term and weighted average discount rate related to our operating leases recorded on the Consolidated Balance Sheets:
As of February 29, 2024As of August 31, 2023
Weighted average remaining lease term (in years)
7.47.8
Weighted average discount rate (IBR)
4.6 %4.5 %

The following table summarizes supplemental cash flow information related to our operating leases:
Six Months Ended
February 29,February 28,
(in thousands)
20242023
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities$19,811 $19,596 
Lease ROU assets obtained in exchange for lease liabilities(1)
$2,313 $1,379 
Reductions to ROU assets resulting from reductions to lease liabilities(2)
$(23)$ 
(1)Primarily includes new lease arrangements entered into during the respective period and contract modifications that extend our lease terms and/or provide additional rights.
(2)Primarily relates to lease term reassessments based on contractual options to early terminate, resulting in a reduction to the lease liability and the corresponding lease ROU asset.
10. DEBT
We elected not to carry our Long-term debt at fair value. The carrying value of our debt is net of related unamortized discounts and debt issuance costs. Our total debt obligations as of February 29, 2024 and August 31, 2023 consisted of the following:
(in thousands)Issuance DateContractual
Maturity Date
February 29, 2024August 31, 2023
2022 Credit Agreement
2022 Term Facility3/1/20223/1/2025$250,000 $375,000 
2022 Revolving Facility3/1/20223/1/2027250,000 250,000 
Senior Notes
2027 Notes3/1/20223/1/2027500,000 500,000 
2032 Notes3/1/20223/1/2032500,000 500,000 
Total unamortized discounts and debt issuance costs(10,512)(12,300)
Total Long-term debt$1,489,488 $1,612,700 
22

As of February 29, 2024, annual maturities on our total debt obligations, based on contractual maturity date, were as follows:
(in thousands)
Maturities
Years Ended August 31,
2024 (remaining six months)$ 
2025250,000 
2026 
2027750,000 
2028 
Thereafter500,000 
Total$1,500,000 
2022 Credit Agreement
On March 1, 2022, we entered into a credit agreement (the "2022 Credit Agreement") and borrowed an aggregate principal amount of $1.0 billion under its senior unsecured term loan credit facility (the "2022 Term Facility") and $250.0 million of the available $500.0 million under its senior unsecured revolving credit facility (the "2022 Revolving Facility" and, together with the 2022 Term Facility, the "2022 Credit Facilities"). The 2022 Term Facility matures on March 1, 2025, and the 2022 Revolving Facility matures on March 1, 2027. The 2022 Revolving Facility allows for the availability of up to $100.0 million in the form of letters of credit and up to $50.0 million in the form of swingline loans. We may seek additional commitments under the 2022 Revolving Facility from lenders or other financial institutions up to an aggregate principal amount of $750.0 million.
We pay a commitment fee on the daily unused amount of the 2022 Revolving Facility using a pricing grid based on our senior unsecured non-credit enhanced long-term debt rating and our total leverage ratio. From the borrowing date through November 30, 2023, the commitment fee was 0.125%, which subsequently decreased to 0.1% through February 29, 2024.
We used these borrowings, along with the net proceeds from the issuance of the Senior Notes (as defined below) and cash on hand, to finance the consideration for the CGS acquisition, to repay prior outstanding borrowings and to pay related transaction fees, costs and expenses.
During fiscal 2022, we incurred approximately $9.5 million in debt issuance costs related to the 2022 Credit Facilities. Debt issuance costs are presented in the Consolidated Balance Sheets as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of the debt liability. Debt issuance costs are amortized to Interest expense in the Consolidated Statements of Income on a straight-line basis over the contractual term of the debt, which approximates the effective interest method.
We may voluntarily prepay loans under the 2022 Credit Facilities at any time without premium or penalty. During the three and six months ended February 29, 2024, we repaid $62.5 million and $125.0 million, respectively, under the 2022 Term Facility, inclusive of voluntary prepayments of $50.0 million and $100.0 million, respectively. Since loan inception on March 1, 2022, we have repaid $750.0 million under the 2022 Term Facility, inclusive of voluntary prepayments of $662.5 million.
From the borrowing date through November 30, 2023, the outstanding borrowings under the 2022 Credit Facilities bore interest at a rate equal to the applicable one-month Term SOFR plus a 1.1% spread (comprised of a 1.0% interest rate margin based on a debt leverage pricing grid plus a 0.1% credit spread adjustment). From December 1, 2023 through February 29, 2024, the spread decreased to 0.975% (comprised of a 0.875% interest rate margin based on a debt leverage pricing grid plus a 0.1% credit spread adjustment). Interest on the 2022 Credit Facilities is currently payable on the last business day of each month, in arrears.
The 2022 Credit Agreement contains usual and customary event of default provisions for facilities of this type, which are subject to usual and customary grace periods and materiality thresholds. If an event of default occurs under the 2022 Credit Agreement, the lenders may, among other things, terminate their commitments and declare all outstanding borrowings immediately due and payable.
The 2022 Credit Agreement contains usual and customary affirmative and negative covenants for facilities of this type, including a financial covenant requiring maintenance of a total leverage ratio of no greater than 3.75 to 1.00 as of February 29, 2024. We were in compliance with all covenants and requirements of the 2022 Credit Agreement as of February 29, 2024.
23

Swap Agreements
2022 Swap Agreement
On March 1, 2022, we entered into the 2022 Swap Agreement to hedge a portion of our outstanding floating SOFR debt with a fixed interest rate of 1.162%. Effective December 30, 2022, we apportioned the then outstanding notional amount of the 2022 Swap Agreement between two counterparties. The 2022 Swap Agreement matured on February 28, 2024.
2024 Swap Agreement
On March 1, 2024, we entered into the 2024 Swap Agreement to hedge a portion of our outstanding floating SOFR debt with a fixed interest rate of 5.145%.
Refer to Note 5, Derivative Instruments for further discussion of the 2022 Swap Agreement and the 2024 Swap Agreement.
Senior Notes
On March 1, 2022, we completed a public offering of $500.0 million aggregate principal amount of 2.900% Senior Notes due March 1, 2027 (the "2027 Notes") and $500.0 million aggregate principal amount of 3.450% Senior Notes due March 1, 2032 (the "2032 Notes" and, together with the 2027 Notes, the "Senior Notes"). The Senior Notes were issued pursuant to an indenture, dated as of March 1, 2022, by and between us and U.S. Bank Trust Company, National Association, as trustee (the "Trustee"), as supplemented by the supplemental indenture, dated as of March 1, 2022, between us and the Trustee (the "Supplemental Indenture").
The Senior Notes were issued at an aggregate discount of $2.8 million and we incurred approximately $9.1 million in debt issuance costs. Debt discounts and debt issuance costs are presented in the Consolidated Balance Sheets as a net direct deduction from the carrying amount of the debt liability. The debt discounts and debt issuance costs are amortized to Interest expense in the Consolidated Statements of Income over the contractual term of the debt, leveraging the effective interest method.
Interest on the Senior Notes is payable semiannually in arrears on March 1 and September 1 of each year.
We may redeem the Senior Notes, in whole or in part, at any time at specified redemption prices, plus any accrued and unpaid interest. Upon the occurrence of a change of control triggering event (as defined in the Supplemental Indenture), we must offer to repurchase the Senior Notes at 101% of their principal amount, plus any accrued and unpaid interest.
Interest Expense
The following table presents the interest expense on our outstanding debt which is a component of Interest expense in our Consolidated Statements of Income:
Three Months EndedSix Months Ended
February 29,February 28,February 29,February 28,
(in thousands)
2024202320242023
Interest expense on outstanding debt(1)
$16,589 $16,728 $33,318 $33,256 
(1)    Interest expense on our outstanding debt includes the related amortization of debt issuance costs and debt discounts, net of the effects of the 2022 Swap Agreement.
11. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
Commitments represent obligations, such as those for future purchases of goods or services, that are not yet recorded on the balance sheet as liabilities. We record liabilities for commitments when incurred (i.e., when the goods or services are received).
We accrue non-income-tax liabilities for contingencies when we believe that a loss is probable, and the amount can be reasonably estimated. Judgment is required to determine both the probability and the estimated amount of loss. If the reasonable estimate of a probable loss is a range, we record the most probable estimate of the loss, or the minimum amount when no amount within the range is a better estimate than any other amount. We review accruals on a quarterly basis and adjust, as necessary, to reflect the impact of negotiations, settlements, rulings, advice of legal counsel and other current information. Contingent gains are recognized only when realized.
24

Uncertain income tax positions are accounted for in accordance with applicable accounting guidance, refer to Note 10, Income Taxes in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in Part II, Item 8. of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended August 31, 2023 for further details.
Purchase Commitments with Suppliers and Vendors
Purchase obligations represent our legally-binding agreements to purchase fixed or minimum quantities at determinable prices. As of August 31, 2023, we had total purchase obligations with suppliers of $362.2 million. Our total purchase obligations as of August 31, 2023 primarily related to hosting services, acquisition of data, and, to a lesser extent, third-party software providers. Hosting services support our hybrid cloud strategy, which relies in large part on third-party hosting providers. Data is an integral component of the value we provide to our clients. Our commitments to third-party software providers mainly include internal-use software licenses. For the six months ended February 29, 2024, there were no material changes to our purchase obligations.
We also have contractual obligations related to our lease liabilities and outstanding debt. Refer to Note 9, Leases and Note 10, Debt for information regarding lease commitments and outstanding debt obligations, respectively.
Capital Commitments
As of February 29, 2024 and August 31, 2023, we had outstanding capital commitments related to an investment of $0.6 million and $0.7 million, respectively.
Letters of Credit
From time to time, we are required to obtain letters of credit in the ordinary course of business. As of February 29, 2024 and August 31, 2023, we had $0.5 million and $0.6 million of standby letters of credit outstanding, respectively. No liabilities related to these arrangements are reflected in the Consolidated Balance Sheets.
Our 2022 Revolving Facility allows for the availability of up to $100.0 million in the form of letters of credit. We have not obtained any letters of credit under the 2022 Revolving Facility since its inception. Refer to Note 10, Debt, for information regarding the 2022 Revolving Facility.
Contingencies
Legal Matters
We are engaged in various legal proceedings, claims and litigation that have arisen in the ordinary course of business. The outcome of all the matters against us are subject to future resolution, including the uncertainties of litigation. Based on information available at February 29, 2024, our management believes that the ultimate outcome of these unresolved matters against us, individually or in the aggregate, will not have a material adverse effect on our consolidated financial position, our results of operations or our cash flows.
Income Taxes
As a multinational company operating in many states and countries, we are routinely audited by various taxing authorities and have reserved for potential adjustments to our provision for income taxes that may result from examinations by, or any negotiated settlements with, these tax authorities. We believe that the final outcome of these examinations or settlements will not have a material effect on our consolidated financial position, results of operations or our cash flows. If events occur which indicate payment of these amounts is unnecessary, the reversal of the liabilities would result in the recognition of tax benefits in the period we determine the liabilities are no longer necessary. If our estimates of the federal, state and foreign income tax liabilities are less than the ultimate assessment, additional expense would result.
25

Sales Tax Matters

On August 8, 2019, we received a Notice of Intent to Assess (the "First Notice") additional sales taxes, interest and underpayment penalties (the "Sales Taxes") from the Commonwealth of Massachusetts Department of Revenue (the "Commonwealth") relating to the tax periods from January 1, 2006 through December 31, 2013. On July 20, 2021, we received a Notice of Intent to Assess (the "Second Notice") additional Sales Taxes from the Commonwealth relating to the tax periods from January 1, 2014 through December 31, 2018. On December 29, 2022, we received a Notice of Intent to Assess (the "Third Notice"; cumulatively with the First and Second Notices, the "Notices") additional Sales Taxes from the Commonwealth relating to the tax periods from January 1, 2019 through June 30, 2021. We requested pre-assessment conferences with the Department of Revenue's Office of Appeals to appeal the Notices, and on May 24, 2023, we received a Letter of Determination from the Commonwealth upholding the Notices, along with a Notice of Assessment for all the periods covered by the Notices. On June 22, 2023, we filed an Application for Abatement with the Commonwealth disputing all amounts assessed, which was subsequently denied. On February 20, 2024, we received a “Notice of Selection for Audit” for sales tax for the period from July 1, 2021 through December 31, 2023. We have filed petitions with the Appellate Tax Board to appeal all amounts assessed by the Commonwealth and believe that we will ultimately prevail; however, if we do not prevail, the amount of these assessments could have a material impact on our consolidated financial position, results of operations and cash flows.
We have concluded that some payment to the Commonwealth is probable. We have recorded an accrual which is not material to our Consolidated Financial Statements. While we believe that the assumptions and estimates used to determine the accrual are reasonable, future developments could result in adjustments being made to this accrual.
Indemnifications

As permitted or required under Delaware law and to the maximum extent allowable under that law, we have certain obligations to indemnify each of our current and former officers and directors for certain events or occurrences while the officer or director is, or was, serving at our request in such capacity. These indemnification obligations are valid as long as the director or officer acted in good faith and in a manner the person reasonably believed to be in, or not opposed to, the best interests of FactSet, and with respect to any criminal action or proceeding, had no reasonable cause to believe his or her conduct was unlawful. It is not possible to determine the maximum potential amount for claims made under the indemnification obligations due to the unique set of facts and circumstances likely to be involved in each particular claim and indemnification provision; however, we have purchased a director and officer insurance policy that mitigates our exposure and may enable us to recover a portion of any future amounts paid. We do not believe, based on historical experience and information currently available, that it is probable that any material amounts will be required to be paid under such indemnification obligations.
12. STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
Share Repurchases
Three Months EndedSix Months Ended
February 29,February 28,February 29,February 28,
(in thousands, except share data)2024202320242023
Repurchases of common stock under the share repurchase program(1)
113,050  249,000  
Total cost of shares repurchased(1)
$52,255 $ $112,165 $ 
(1) Amounts do not include repurchases of common stock primarily to satisfy tax withholding obligations due upon vesting of stock-based awards of 1,999 shares ($1.0 million) and 1,853 shares ($0.8 million) during the three months ended February 29, 2024 and February 28, 2023, respectively, and 32,383 shares ($14.5 million) and 27,713 shares ($11.8 million) during the six months ended February 29, 2024 and February 28, 2023, respectively.
We may repurchase shares of our common stock under our share repurchase program from time-to-time in the open market or via privately negotiated transactions, subject to market conditions. We suspended our share repurchase program beginning in the second quarter of fiscal 2022 through the second quarter of fiscal 2023 to prioritize the repayment of debt under the 2022 Credit Facilities. As such, we did not repurchase any shares of our common stock under the share repurchase program during the three and six months ended February 28, 2023.
26

There is no defined number of shares to be repurchased over a specified timeframe through the life of our share repurchase program. As of February 29, 2024, we had $187.8 million authorized under our share repurchase program for future share repurchases. Refer to Part II, Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds, of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for further discussion on our share repurchase program.
Equity-based Awards
Refer to Note 14, Stock-Based Compensation for more information on equity awards issued during the three and six months ended February 29, 2024 and February 28, 2023.

Dividends
Our Board of Directors approved the following dividends:
Year EndedDividends per
Share of
Common Stock
Record Date
Total Amount
(in thousands)
Payment Date
Fiscal 2024
First Quarter$0.98 November 30, 2023$37,299 December 21, 2023
Second Quarter$0.98 February 29, 2024$37,360 March 21, 2024
Fiscal 2023
First Quarter$0.89 November 30, 2022$34,010 December 15, 2022
Second Quarter$0.89 February 28, 2023$34,099 March 16, 2023
Future cash dividend payments will depend on our earnings, capital requirements, financial condition and other factors considered relevant by us and are subject to final determination by our Board of Directors.
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
The components of AOCL as of February 29, 2024 and August 31, 2023 were as follows:
(in thousands)February 29, 2024August 31, 2023
Accumulated unrealized gains (losses) on cash flow hedges, net of tax$40 $2,880 
Accumulated foreign currency translation adjustments(91,069)(90,021)
Total AOCL$(91,029)$(87,141)
13. EARNINGS PER SHARE
Basic earnings per common share ("Basic EPS") is computed by dividing net income by the number of weighted average common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per common share ("Diluted EPS") is computed using the treasury stock method, by dividing net income by the cumulative weighted average common shares that are outstanding or are issuable upon the exercise of outstanding stock-based compensation awards during the period.
27

A reconciliation of the weighted average shares outstanding used in the Basic EPS and Diluted EPS computation is as follows:
Three Months EndedSix Months Ended
February 29,February 28,February 29,February 28,
(in thousands, except per share data)2024202320242023
Numerator
Net income used for calculating Basic EPS and Diluted EPS$140,940 $131,593 $289,495 $268,391 
Denominator
Weighted average common shares used in the calculation of Basic EPS38,103 38,281 38,059 38,201 
Common stock equivalents associated with stock-based compensation plan
547 700 587 746 
Shares used in the calculation of Diluted EPS38,650 38,981 38,646 38,947 
Basic EPS$3.70 $3.44 $7.61 $7.03 
Diluted EPS$3.65 $3.38 $7.49 $6.89 
Stock options that were out-of-the-money and performance share units ("PSUs") in which the performance criteria have not been met as of the end of the respective reporting period are omitted from the calculation of Diluted EPS as their impact was antidilutive. The following table presents those awards that were excluded from Diluted EPS for the periods presented:
As of February 29,As of February 28,
(in thousands)
20242023
Out-of-the-money stock options
0543 
PSUs
95 93 
14. STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION
Our stock-based awards include stock options, restricted stock units ("RSUs"), PSUs and common stock purchased by eligible employees under our employee stock purchase plan ("ESPP"). We measure and recognize stock-based compensation for all stock-based awards granted to our employees and our non-employee members of the Board of Directors ("non-employee directors") based on their estimated grant date fair value. To estimate the grant date fair value, we utilize a lattice-binomial option-pricing model ("binomial model") for our employee stock options and the Black-Scholes model for non-employee director stock options and common stock purchased by eligible employees under our ESPP.
For RSUs and PSUs (collectively, "Restricted Stock Awards"), the grant date fair value is measured by reducing the grant date price of our common stock by the present value of future dividend payments on the underlying stock during the requisite service period. The number of PSUs granted assumes target-level achievement of the specified performance levels within the payout range. The ultimate number of common shares that may be earned from a PSU is determined based on the actual achievement of the specified performance levels within the payout range.
Stock-based compensation expense for stock option and RSU awards is recognized over the requisite service period using the straight-line method. For granted stock options and RSUs, the amount of stock-based compensation expense recognized on any date is at least equal to the vested portion of the award on that date.
Our PSUs require us to make assumptions regarding the probability of achieving specified performance levels established at the time of grant and we recognize stock-based compensation expense using the straight-line method over the requisite service period. The probability of achieving the specified performance levels is reviewed on a quarterly basis to ensure the amount of stock-based compensation expense appropriately reflects the expected achievement. The ultimate number of common shares that may be earned pursuant to these PSU awards range from 0% to 150% of the number of target shares for the November 2022 annual grant and 0% to 200% of the number of target shares for the November 2023 annual grant, depending on the level of our achievement of stated financial performance objectives.
For our ESPP, stock-based compensation expense is recognized on a straight-line basis over the offering period.
28

Stock-based awards are subject to the continued employment and continued service at the time of vesting by employees and non-employee directors, respectively. Compensation expense for stock-based awards is recorded net of estimated forfeitures, which are based on historical forfeiture rates and are revised if actual forfeitures differ from those estimates.
The following table presents the stock-based compensation for the periods presented:
Three Months Ended
Six Months Ended
February 29,February 28,February 29,February 28,