10-K 1 fele-20231231.htm 10-K fele-20231231
00000387252023FYfalse--12-3100000387252023-01-012023-12-3100000387252023-06-30iso4217:USD00000387252024-02-07xbrli:shares00000387252022-01-012022-12-3100000387252021-01-012021-12-31iso4217:USDxbrli:shares00000387252023-12-3100000387252022-12-3100000387252021-12-3100000387252020-12-310000038725us-gaap:CommonStockMember2020-12-310000038725us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2020-12-310000038725us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2020-12-310000038725us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2020-12-310000038725us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2020-12-310000038725us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2021-01-012021-12-310000038725us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2021-01-012021-12-310000038725us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2021-01-012021-12-310000038725us-gaap:CommonStockMember2021-01-012021-12-310000038725us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2021-01-012021-12-310000038725us-gaap:CommonStockMember2021-12-310000038725us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2021-12-310000038725us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2021-12-310000038725us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2021-12-310000038725us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2021-12-310000038725us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2022-01-012022-12-310000038725us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2022-01-012022-12-310000038725us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2022-01-012022-12-310000038725us-gaap:CommonStockMember2022-01-012022-12-310000038725us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2022-01-012022-12-310000038725us-gaap:CommonStockMember2022-12-310000038725us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2022-12-310000038725us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2022-12-310000038725us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2022-12-310000038725us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2022-12-310000038725us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2023-01-012023-12-310000038725us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2023-01-012023-12-310000038725us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2023-01-012023-12-310000038725us-gaap:CommonStockMember2023-01-012023-12-310000038725us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2023-01-012023-12-310000038725us-gaap:CommonStockMember2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:LandBuildingsAndImprovementsMembersrt:MinimumMember2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:LandBuildingsAndImprovementsMembersrt:MaximumMember2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:MachineryAndEquipmentMembersrt:MinimumMember2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:MachineryAndEquipmentMembersrt:MaximumMember2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:SoftwareAndSoftwareDevelopmentCostsMembersrt:MinimumMember2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:SoftwareAndSoftwareDevelopmentCostsMembersrt:MaximumMember2023-12-310000038725srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:FurnitureAndFixturesMember2023-12-310000038725srt:MaximumMemberus-gaap:FurnitureAndFixturesMember2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMembersrt:MinimumMember2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMembersrt:MaximumMember2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:PatentsMember2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:TechnologyBasedIntangibleAssetsMember2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:TradeNamesMembersrt:MinimumMember2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:TradeNamesMembersrt:MaximumMember2023-12-310000038725srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:OtherIntangibleAssetsMember2023-12-310000038725srt:MaximumMemberus-gaap:OtherIntangibleAssetsMember2023-12-310000038725srt:MinimumMember2023-01-012023-12-310000038725srt:MaximumMember2023-01-012023-12-310000038725us-gaap:SeriesOfIndividuallyImmaterialBusinessAcquisitionsMember2023-10-012023-12-310000038725us-gaap:SeriesOfIndividuallyImmaterialBusinessAcquisitionsMember2023-12-310000038725fele:HydropompeS.r.l.Member2023-03-31xbrli:pure0000038725us-gaap:SeriesOfIndividuallyImmaterialBusinessAcquisitionsMember2023-01-012023-03-310000038725fele:CasperWellProductsMember2023-12-310000038725fele:CasperWellProductsMember2023-10-012023-12-310000038725fele:BRIndustriesIncMember2022-12-310000038725fele:BRIndustriesIncMember2022-10-012022-12-310000038725fele:BlakeGroupHoldingsIncMember2022-12-310000038725fele:BlakeGroupHoldingsIncMember2022-10-012022-12-310000038725fele:MinetuffDewateringPumpsAustraliaPtyLtdMember2022-09-300000038725fele:MinetuffDewateringPumpsAustraliaPtyLtdMember2022-07-012022-09-300000038725fele:PuronicsIncMember2022-06-300000038725fele:NewAquaLLCMember2022-06-300000038725fele:AtlanticTurbinePumpLLCMember2022-04-012022-06-300000038725us-gaap:SeriesOfIndividuallyImmaterialBusinessAcquisitionsMember2022-04-012022-06-300000038725us-gaap:SeriesOfIndividuallyImmaterialBusinessAcquisitionsMember2022-12-310000038725us-gaap:SeriesOfIndividuallyImmaterialBusinessAcquisitionsMembersrt:MinimumMember2022-01-012022-12-310000038725us-gaap:SeriesOfIndividuallyImmaterialBusinessAcquisitionsMembersrt:MaximumMember2022-01-012022-12-310000038725us-gaap:SeriesOfIndividuallyImmaterialBusinessAcquisitionsMember2022-01-012022-12-310000038725us-gaap:SeriesOfIndividuallyImmaterialBusinessAcquisitionsMember2021-01-012021-12-310000038725fele:GiconPumpsEquipmentIncMember2021-12-310000038725fele:GiconPumpsEquipmentIncMember2021-10-012021-12-310000038725us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2022-12-310000038725us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2022-12-310000038725us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2022-12-310000038725us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2022-12-310000038725us-gaap:AcquisitionRelatedCostsMember2022-12-310000038725us-gaap:AcquisitionRelatedCostsMember2023-01-012023-12-310000038725us-gaap:AcquisitionRelatedCostsMember2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:CarryingReportedAmountFairValueDisclosureMember2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:CarryingReportedAmountFairValueDisclosureMember2022-12-310000038725us-gaap:EstimateOfFairValueFairValueDisclosureMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:EstimateOfFairValueFairValueDisclosureMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2022-12-310000038725us-gaap:EquitySwapMemberus-gaap:NondesignatedMember2023-01-012023-12-310000038725us-gaap:EquitySwapMemberus-gaap:NondesignatedMember2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:EquitySwapMemberus-gaap:NondesignatedMember2022-12-310000038725us-gaap:SellingGeneralAndAdministrativeExpensesMemberus-gaap:EquitySwapMemberus-gaap:NondesignatedMember2023-01-012023-12-310000038725us-gaap:SellingGeneralAndAdministrativeExpensesMemberus-gaap:EquitySwapMemberus-gaap:NondesignatedMember2022-01-012022-12-310000038725us-gaap:SellingGeneralAndAdministrativeExpensesMemberus-gaap:EquitySwapMemberus-gaap:NondesignatedMember2021-01-012021-12-310000038725us-gaap:ForeignExchangeForwardMemberus-gaap:NondesignatedMember2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:ForeignExchangeForwardMemberus-gaap:NondesignatedMember2022-12-310000038725us-gaap:ForeignExchangeForwardMemberus-gaap:ForeignCurrencyGainLossMemberus-gaap:NondesignatedMember2023-01-012023-12-310000038725us-gaap:ForeignExchangeForwardMemberus-gaap:ForeignCurrencyGainLossMemberus-gaap:NondesignatedMember2022-01-012022-12-310000038725us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember2022-12-310000038725us-gaap:PatentsMember2022-12-310000038725us-gaap:TechnologyBasedIntangibleAssetsMember2022-12-310000038725us-gaap:TradeNamesMember2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:TradeNamesMember2022-12-310000038725us-gaap:OtherIntangibleAssetsMember2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:OtherIntangibleAssetsMember2022-12-310000038725us-gaap:TradeNamesMember2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:TradeNamesMember2022-12-310000038725fele:WaterSystemsMember2021-12-310000038725fele:FuelingSystemsMember2021-12-310000038725fele:DistributionMember2021-12-310000038725fele:WaterSystemsMember2022-01-012022-12-310000038725fele:FuelingSystemsMember2022-01-012022-12-310000038725fele:DistributionMember2022-01-012022-12-310000038725fele:WaterSystemsMember2022-12-310000038725fele:FuelingSystemsMember2022-12-310000038725fele:DistributionMember2022-12-310000038725fele:WaterSystemsMember2023-01-012023-12-310000038725fele:FuelingSystemsMember2023-01-012023-12-310000038725fele:DistributionMember2023-01-012023-12-310000038725fele:WaterSystemsMember2023-12-310000038725fele:FuelingSystemsMember2023-12-310000038725fele:DistributionMember2023-12-310000038725country:US2023-12-31fele:Pension_Plan0000038725us-gaap:ForeignPlanMember2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMember2023-01-012023-12-310000038725us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2022-12-310000038725us-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMember2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMember2022-12-310000038725us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2021-12-310000038725us-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMember2021-12-310000038725us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2023-01-012023-12-310000038725us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2022-01-012022-12-310000038725us-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMember2022-01-012022-12-310000038725srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMember2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMembersrt:MaximumMember2023-12-310000038725srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMember2022-12-310000038725us-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMembersrt:MaximumMember2022-12-310000038725us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2021-01-012021-12-310000038725us-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMember2021-01-012021-12-310000038725srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMember2023-01-012023-12-310000038725us-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMembersrt:MaximumMember2023-01-012023-12-310000038725srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMember2022-01-012022-12-310000038725us-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMembersrt:MaximumMember2022-01-012022-12-310000038725srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMember2021-01-012021-12-310000038725us-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMembersrt:MaximumMember2021-01-012021-12-310000038725us-gaap:EquitySecuritiesMember2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:EquitySecuritiesMember2022-12-310000038725us-gaap:FixedIncomeSecuritiesMember2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:FixedIncomeSecuritiesMember2022-12-310000038725us-gaap:OtherThanSecuritiesInvestmentMember2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:OtherThanSecuritiesInvestmentMember2022-12-310000038725us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberfele:InternationalEquityMutualFundMember2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberfele:InternationalEquityMutualFundMember2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberfele:InternationalEquityMutualFundMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberfele:InternationalEquityMutualFundMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:USTreasuryAndGovernmentMember2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:USTreasuryAndGovernmentMember2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:USTreasuryAndGovernmentMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:USTreasuryAndGovernmentMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2023-12-310000038725fele:FixedIncomeMutualFundMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2023-12-310000038725fele:FixedIncomeMutualFundMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2023-12-310000038725fele:FixedIncomeMutualFundMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2023-12-310000038725fele:FixedIncomeMutualFundMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberfele:InsuranceContractsMember2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberfele:InsuranceContractsMember2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberfele:InsuranceContractsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberfele:InsuranceContractsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:CashAndCashEquivalentsMember2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:CashAndCashEquivalentsMember2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:CashAndCashEquivalentsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:CashAndCashEquivalentsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberfele:InternationalEquityMutualFundMember2022-12-310000038725us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberfele:InternationalEquityMutualFundMember2022-12-310000038725us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberfele:InternationalEquityMutualFundMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2022-12-310000038725us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberfele:InternationalEquityMutualFundMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2022-12-310000038725us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:USTreasuryAndGovernmentMember2022-12-310000038725us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:USTreasuryAndGovernmentMember2022-12-310000038725us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:USTreasuryAndGovernmentMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2022-12-310000038725us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:USTreasuryAndGovernmentMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2022-12-310000038725fele:FixedIncomeMutualFundMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2022-12-310000038725fele:FixedIncomeMutualFundMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2022-12-310000038725fele:FixedIncomeMutualFundMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2022-12-310000038725fele:FixedIncomeMutualFundMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2022-12-310000038725us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberfele:InsuranceContractsMember2022-12-310000038725us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberfele:InsuranceContractsMember2022-12-310000038725us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberfele:InsuranceContractsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2022-12-310000038725us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberfele:InsuranceContractsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2022-12-310000038725us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:CashAndCashEquivalentsMember2022-12-310000038725us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:CashAndCashEquivalentsMember2022-12-310000038725us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:CashAndCashEquivalentsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2022-12-310000038725us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:CashAndCashEquivalentsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2022-12-310000038725us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2022-12-310000038725us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2022-12-310000038725us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2022-12-310000038725fele:DeferredTaxAssetsOperatingLossCarryforwardsForeignMember2023-12-310000038725fele:DeferredTaxAssetsOperatingLossCarryforwardsStateAndLocalMember2023-12-310000038725fele:NewYorkLifeInvestorsLLCMember2023-12-310000038725fele:NewYorkLifeInvestorsLLCMember2022-12-310000038725us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember2022-12-310000038725us-gaap:ConstructionLoansMember2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:ConstructionLoansMember2022-12-310000038725us-gaap:ForeignLineOfCreditMember2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:ForeignLineOfCreditMember2022-12-310000038725fele:NewYorkLifeInvestorsLLCMember2015-05-270000038725fele:NewYorkLifeInvestorsLLCMember2018-09-260000038725us-gaap:SeniorNotesMemberfele:NewYorkLifeInvestorsLLCMember2018-09-260000038725us-gaap:ConstructionLoansMember2012-12-310000038725fele:PrudentialFinancialMember2007-04-090000038725fele:PrudentialFinancialMemberus-gaap:NotesPayableToBanksMemberfele:B1NotesMember2007-04-300000038725fele:B2NotesMemberfele:PrudentialFinancialMemberus-gaap:NotesPayableToBanksMember2007-09-070000038725fele:PrudentialFinancialMemberus-gaap:NotesPayableToBanksMemberfele:B1NotesMember2007-04-302007-04-300000038725fele:B2NotesMemberfele:PrudentialFinancialMemberus-gaap:NotesPayableToBanksMember2007-09-072007-09-070000038725fele:PrudentialFinancialMember2010-07-212010-07-220000038725fele:PrudentialFinancialMember2015-05-270000038725fele:PrudentialFinancialMember2015-05-280000038725fele:PrudentialFinancialMember2021-07-300000038725fele:PrudentialFinancialMember2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember2021-05-120000038725us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember2021-05-130000038725us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember2022-05-100000038725us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember2022-05-110000038725us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMembersrt:MinimumMember2022-05-112022-05-110000038725us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMembersrt:MaximumMember2022-05-112022-05-110000038725us-gaap:SecuredOvernightFinancingRateSofrOvernightIndexSwapRateMemberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberus-gaap:InterestRateFloorMember2022-05-112022-05-110000038725us-gaap:SecuredOvernightFinancingRateSofrOvernightIndexSwapRateMemberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMembersrt:MinimumMember2022-05-112022-05-110000038725us-gaap:SecuredOvernightFinancingRateSofrOvernightIndexSwapRateMemberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMembersrt:MaximumMember2022-05-112022-05-110000038725us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberus-gaap:InterestRateFloorMemberfele:EuroInterbankOfferRateEURIBORMember2022-05-112022-05-110000038725us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberfele:EuroInterbankOfferRateEURIBORMembersrt:MinimumMember2022-05-112022-05-110000038725us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberfele:EuroInterbankOfferRateEURIBORMembersrt:MaximumMember2022-05-112022-05-110000038725us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember2023-01-012023-12-310000038725us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember2022-01-012022-12-310000038725us-gaap:BankOverdraftsMember2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:BankOverdraftsMember2022-12-310000038725srt:MaximumMember2023-12-310000038725srt:MinimumMember2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2023-01-012023-12-310000038725us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2022-01-012022-12-310000038725us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2021-01-012021-12-310000038725us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember2023-01-012023-12-310000038725us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember2022-01-012022-12-310000038725us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember2021-01-012021-12-310000038725us-gaap:AccumulatedForeignCurrencyAdjustmentIncludingPortionAttributableToNoncontrollingInterestMember2020-12-310000038725us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentIncludingPortionAttributableToNoncontrollingInterestMember2020-12-310000038725us-gaap:AociIncludingPortionAttributableToNoncontrollingInterestMember2020-12-310000038725us-gaap:AccumulatedForeignCurrencyAdjustmentIncludingPortionAttributableToNoncontrollingInterestMember2021-01-012021-12-310000038725us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentIncludingPortionAttributableToNoncontrollingInterestMember2021-01-012021-12-310000038725us-gaap:AociIncludingPortionAttributableToNoncontrollingInterestMember2021-01-012021-12-310000038725us-gaap:AccumulatedForeignCurrencyAdjustmentIncludingPortionAttributableToNoncontrollingInterestMember2021-12-310000038725us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentIncludingPortionAttributableToNoncontrollingInterestMember2021-12-310000038725us-gaap:AociIncludingPortionAttributableToNoncontrollingInterestMember2021-12-310000038725us-gaap:AccumulatedForeignCurrencyAdjustmentIncludingPortionAttributableToNoncontrollingInterestMember2022-01-012022-12-310000038725us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentIncludingPortionAttributableToNoncontrollingInterestMember2022-01-012022-12-310000038725us-gaap:AociIncludingPortionAttributableToNoncontrollingInterestMember2022-01-012022-12-310000038725us-gaap:AccumulatedForeignCurrencyAdjustmentIncludingPortionAttributableToNoncontrollingInterestMember2022-12-310000038725us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentIncludingPortionAttributableToNoncontrollingInterestMember2022-12-310000038725us-gaap:AociIncludingPortionAttributableToNoncontrollingInterestMember2022-12-310000038725us-gaap:AccumulatedForeignCurrencyAdjustmentIncludingPortionAttributableToNoncontrollingInterestMember2023-01-012023-12-310000038725us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentIncludingPortionAttributableToNoncontrollingInterestMember2023-01-012023-12-310000038725us-gaap:AociIncludingPortionAttributableToNoncontrollingInterestMember2023-01-012023-12-310000038725us-gaap:AccumulatedForeignCurrencyAdjustmentIncludingPortionAttributableToNoncontrollingInterestMember2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentIncludingPortionAttributableToNoncontrollingInterestMember2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:AociIncludingPortionAttributableToNoncontrollingInterestMember2023-12-310000038725fele:A2017AmdendedAndRestatedStockPlanMember2023-01-012023-12-310000038725fele:A2017AmdendedAndRestatedStockPlanMember2023-12-310000038725fele:A2012StockPlanMember2023-12-310000038725fele:A2012StockPlanMemberus-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2023-12-310000038725fele:A2012StockPlanMemberfele:EmployeeStockandStockUnitAwardsMember2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2022-12-310000038725us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2023-12-310000038725fele:EmployeeStockandStockUnitAwardsMember2023-01-012023-12-310000038725fele:EmployeeStockandStockUnitAwardsMember2022-12-310000038725fele:EmployeeStockandStockUnitAwardsMember2023-12-310000038725fele:EmployeeStockandStockUnitAwardsMember2022-01-012022-12-310000038725fele:EmployeeStockandStockUnitAwardsMember2021-01-012021-12-310000038725fele:WaterSystemsMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberfele:UnitedStatesCanadaMember2023-01-012023-12-310000038725fele:WaterSystemsMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberfele:UnitedStatesCanadaMember2022-01-012022-12-310000038725fele:WaterSystemsMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberfele:UnitedStatesCanadaMember2021-01-012021-12-310000038725srt:LatinAmericaMemberfele:WaterSystemsMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2023-01-012023-12-310000038725srt:LatinAmericaMemberfele:WaterSystemsMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2022-01-012022-12-310000038725srt:LatinAmericaMemberfele:WaterSystemsMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2021-01-012021-12-310000038725us-gaap:EMEAMemberfele:WaterSystemsMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2023-01-012023-12-310000038725us-gaap:EMEAMemberfele:WaterSystemsMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2022-01-012022-12-310000038725us-gaap:EMEAMemberfele:WaterSystemsMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2021-01-012021-12-310000038725fele:WaterSystemsMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembersrt:AsiaPacificMember2023-01-012023-12-310000038725fele:WaterSystemsMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembersrt:AsiaPacificMember2022-01-012022-12-310000038725fele:WaterSystemsMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembersrt:AsiaPacificMember2021-01-012021-12-310000038725fele:WaterSystemsMemberus-gaap:IntersegmentEliminationMember2023-01-012023-12-310000038725fele:WaterSystemsMemberus-gaap:IntersegmentEliminationMember2022-01-012022-12-310000038725fele:WaterSystemsMemberus-gaap:IntersegmentEliminationMember2021-01-012021-12-310000038725fele:WaterSystemsMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2023-01-012023-12-310000038725fele:WaterSystemsMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2022-01-012022-12-310000038725fele:WaterSystemsMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2021-01-012021-12-310000038725us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberfele:UnitedStatesCanadaMemberfele:DistributionMember2023-01-012023-12-310000038725us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberfele:UnitedStatesCanadaMemberfele:DistributionMember2022-01-012022-12-310000038725us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberfele:UnitedStatesCanadaMemberfele:DistributionMember2021-01-012021-12-310000038725fele:DistributionMemberus-gaap:IntersegmentEliminationMember2023-01-012023-12-310000038725fele:DistributionMemberus-gaap:IntersegmentEliminationMember2022-01-012022-12-310000038725fele:DistributionMemberus-gaap:IntersegmentEliminationMember2021-01-012021-12-310000038725us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberfele:DistributionMember2023-01-012023-12-310000038725us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberfele:DistributionMember2022-01-012022-12-310000038725us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberfele:DistributionMember2021-01-012021-12-310000038725us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberfele:FuelingSystemsMemberfele:UnitedStatesCanadaMember2023-01-012023-12-310000038725us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberfele:FuelingSystemsMemberfele:UnitedStatesCanadaMember2022-01-012022-12-310000038725us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberfele:FuelingSystemsMemberfele:UnitedStatesCanadaMember2021-01-012021-12-310000038725fele:AllOtherMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberfele:FuelingSystemsMember2023-01-012023-12-310000038725fele:AllOtherMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberfele:FuelingSystemsMember2022-01-012022-12-310000038725fele:AllOtherMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberfele:FuelingSystemsMember2021-01-012021-12-310000038725fele:FuelingSystemsMemberus-gaap:IntersegmentEliminationMember2023-01-012023-12-310000038725fele:FuelingSystemsMemberus-gaap:IntersegmentEliminationMember2022-01-012022-12-310000038725fele:FuelingSystemsMemberus-gaap:IntersegmentEliminationMember2021-01-012021-12-310000038725us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberfele:FuelingSystemsMember2023-01-012023-12-310000038725us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberfele:FuelingSystemsMember2022-01-012022-12-310000038725us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberfele:FuelingSystemsMember2021-01-012021-12-310000038725fele:CorporateAndEliminationsMember2023-01-012023-12-310000038725fele:CorporateAndEliminationsMember2022-01-012022-12-310000038725fele:CorporateAndEliminationsMember2021-01-012021-12-310000038725fele:WaterSystemsMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2023-12-310000038725fele:WaterSystemsMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2022-12-310000038725fele:WaterSystemsMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2021-12-310000038725us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberfele:DistributionMember2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberfele:DistributionMember2022-12-310000038725us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberfele:DistributionMember2021-12-310000038725us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberfele:FuelingSystemsMember2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberfele:FuelingSystemsMember2022-12-310000038725us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberfele:FuelingSystemsMember2021-12-310000038725fele:CorporateAndEliminationsMemberfele:CorporateAndEliminationsMember2023-12-310000038725fele:CorporateAndEliminationsMemberfele:CorporateAndEliminationsMember2022-12-310000038725fele:CorporateAndEliminationsMemberfele:CorporateAndEliminationsMember2021-12-310000038725fele:CorporateAndEliminationsMemberfele:CorporateAndEliminationsMember2023-01-012023-12-310000038725fele:CorporateAndEliminationsMemberfele:CorporateAndEliminationsMember2022-01-012022-12-310000038725fele:CorporateAndEliminationsMemberfele:CorporateAndEliminationsMember2021-01-012021-12-310000038725country:US2023-01-012023-12-310000038725country:US2022-01-012022-12-310000038725country:US2021-01-012021-12-310000038725country:US2023-12-310000038725country:US2022-12-310000038725country:US2021-12-310000038725us-gaap:NonUsMember2023-01-012023-12-310000038725us-gaap:NonUsMember2022-01-012022-12-310000038725us-gaap:NonUsMember2021-01-012021-12-310000038725us-gaap:NonUsMember2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:NonUsMember2022-12-310000038725us-gaap:NonUsMember2021-12-310000038725fele:EssoSAFMemberus-gaap:DamagesFromProductDefectsMemberus-gaap:PendingLitigationMember2023-01-012023-12-31iso4217:EUR0000038725us-gaap:AllowanceForCreditLossMember2022-12-310000038725us-gaap:AllowanceForCreditLossMember2023-01-012023-12-310000038725us-gaap:AllowanceForCreditLossMember2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:ValuationAllowanceOfDeferredTaxAssetsMember2022-12-310000038725us-gaap:ValuationAllowanceOfDeferredTaxAssetsMember2023-01-012023-12-310000038725us-gaap:ValuationAllowanceOfDeferredTaxAssetsMember2023-12-310000038725us-gaap:AllowanceForCreditLossMember2021-12-310000038725us-gaap:AllowanceForCreditLossMember2022-01-012022-12-310000038725us-gaap:ValuationAllowanceOfDeferredTaxAssetsMember2021-12-310000038725us-gaap:ValuationAllowanceOfDeferredTaxAssetsMember2022-01-012022-12-310000038725us-gaap:AllowanceForCreditLossMember2020-12-310000038725us-gaap:AllowanceForCreditLossMember2021-01-012021-12-310000038725us-gaap:ValuationAllowanceOfDeferredTaxAssetsMember2020-12-310000038725us-gaap:ValuationAllowanceOfDeferredTaxAssetsMember2021-01-012021-12-31

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
_________

FORM 10-K
_________

ý ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2023

OR

o TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from _____ to _____

felelogoa03.jpg
Commission file number 0-362
 
FRANKLIN ELECTRIC CO., INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Indiana 35-0827455
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization) (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
9255 Coverdale Road  
Fort Wayne, Indiana 46809
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)

(260) 824-2900
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Common Stock, $0.10 par value FELENASDAQGlobal Select Market
(Title of each class) (Trading symbol)(Name of each exchange on which registered)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

None
(Title of each class)

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.
YesNo

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.
YesNo



1


Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
YesNo
  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (Section 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).
YesNo

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” “smaller reporting company,” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large Accelerated FilerAccelerated FilerNon-Accelerated FilerSmaller Reporting Company
Emerging Growth Company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.                        

If securities are registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act, indicate by check mark whether the financial statements
of the registrant included in the filing reflect the correction of an error to previously issued financial statements.
o

Indicate by check mark whether any of those error corrections are restatements that required a recovery analysis of incentive-based compensation received by any of the registrant’s executive officers during the relevant recovery period pursuant
to §240.10D-1(b).
o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).
YesNo

The aggregate market value of the registrant’s common stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant at June 30, 2023 (the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second quarter) was $4,736,072,725. The stock price used in this computation was the last sales price on that date, as reported by NASDAQ Global Select Market. For purposes of this calculation, the registrant has excluded shares held by executive officers and directors of the registrant, including restricted shares and except for shares owned by the executive officers through the registrant’s 401(k) Plan. Determination of stock ownership by non-affiliates was made solely for the purpose of responding to this requirement and the registrant is not bound by this determination for any other purpose.

Number of shares of common stock outstanding at February 7, 2024:
46,043,849 shares

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

A portion of the Proxy Statement for the Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be held on May 3, 2024 (Part III).

2


FRANKLIN ELECTRIC CO., INC.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
PART I.Number
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 1B.
Item 1C.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
 
PART II.  
Item 5.
Item 7.
Item 7A.
Item 8.
Item 9.
Item 9A.
Item 9B.
Item 9C.
   
PART III.  
Item 10.
Item 11.
Item 12.
Item 13.
Item 14.
   
PART IV.  
Item 15.
 



 

3


PART I

ITEM 1. BUSINESS

Description of the Business
Franklin Electric Co., Inc. (“Franklin Electric” or the “Company”) is an Indiana corporation founded in 1944 and incorporated in 1946. Named after America’s pioneer electrical engineer, Benjamin Franklin, Franklin Electric manufactured the first water-lubricated submersible motor for water systems and the first submersible motor for fueling systems. With 2023 revenue of approximately $2.1 billion, the Company designs, manufactures and distributes water and fuel pumping systems, composed primarily of submersible motors, pumps, electronic controls, water treatment systems, and related parts and equipment.

The Company’s water pumping systems move fresh and wastewater for the residential, agricultural and other industrial end markets. The Company also sells various groundwater equipment products to well installation contractors, including water pumping systems, through its and third-party distribution branches located in the U.S. With a growing global footprint, the Company has also evolved into a top supplier of submersible fueling systems at gas stations, making pumps, pipes, electronic controls and monitoring devices.

The Company’s products are sold worldwide by its employee sales force and independent manufacturing representatives. The Company offers normal and customary trade terms to its customers, no significant part of which is of an extended nature. Special inventory requirements are not necessary, and customer merchandise return rights do not extend beyond normal warranty provisions.

Franklin Electric’s Key Factors for Success
While maintaining a culture of safety and lean principles, Franklin Electric strives to deliver quality, availability, service, innovation, and cost in every encounter the Company has with stakeholders, including direct or indirect customers, employees, shareholders, and suppliers. These key factors for success are a roadmap for the Company's growth as a global provider of water and fuel systems, through geographic expansion and product line extensions, leveraging its global platform and competency in system design, all while consistently offering the best value to its customer.

Markets and Applications
The Company’s business consists of three reportable segments based on the principal end market served: Water Systems, Fueling Systems, and Distribution. The Company includes unallocated corporate expenses in an “Intersegment Eliminations/Other” segment that, together with the Water Systems, Fueling Systems, and Distribution segments, represent the Company. Segment and geographic information appears in Note 15 - Segment and Geographic Information to the consolidated financial statements.

The market for the Company’s products is highly competitive and includes diversified accounts by size and type. The Company’s Water Systems and Fueling Systems products and related equipment are sold to specialty distributors and some original equipment manufacturers (“OEMs”), as well as industrial and petroleum equipment distributors and major oil and utility companies. The Company’s Distribution segment sells products primarily to water well contractors.

Water Systems Segment
Water Systems is a global leader in the production and marketing of water pumping systems and is a technical leader in submersible motors, pumps, drives, electronic controls, water treatment systems, and monitoring devices. The Water Systems segment designs, manufactures and sells motors, pumps, drives, electronic controls, monitoring devices, and related parts and equipment primarily for use in groundwater, water transfer and wastewater.

Water Systems motors, pumps and controls are used principally for pumping clean water and wastewater in a variety of residential, agricultural, municipal and industrial applications. Water Systems also manufactures electronic drives and controls for the motors which control functionality and provide protection from various hazards, such as electrical surges, over-heating and dry wells or dry tanks. In the last three years, the Company acquired substantially all of the assets of Action Manufacturing & Supply, Inc. and all of the ownership interest of Puronics, Inc.; New Aqua, LLC; and B&R Industries, Inc. expanding its portfolio to include water treatment systems and acquired Minetuff Dewatering Pumps Australia Pty Ltd expanding its industrial dewatering product line.

Water Systems products are sold in highly competitive markets. Water Systems contributed about 60 percent of the Company’s total revenue in 2023. Significant portions of segment revenue come from selling groundwater and surface pumps, motors, and controls for residential and commercial buildings, as well as agricultural sales which are more seasonal and subject to commodity price changes. The Water Systems segment generates approximately 25 to 30 percent of its revenue in developing
4


markets, which often lack municipal water systems. As those countries install water systems and further develop with an expanding middle class or improving quality of living, the Company views those markets as an opportunity. The Company has had 6 to 9 percent compounded annual sales growth in developing regions in recent years. Water Systems competes in each of its targeted markets based on product design, quality, performance, availability and price. The Company’s principal competitors in the specialty water products industry are Grundfos Management A/S, Pentair, Inc. and Xylem, Inc.

2023 Water Systems research and development expenditures were primarily related to the following activities:
Electronic variable frequency drives and controls for Pump and HVAC applications, including enhancements to include IOT capability for our drive and protection products and making our key platforms solar pumping capable
Development of integrated electronic pressure boosting systems for residential and commercial applications
Development of new standard electric skid pump package designs including the new "SmartPrime" variable frequency drive skid packages for mining and municipal dewatering markets
Greywater pumping equipment, including the development of 60Hz electrical submersible pumps from the acquisition of Minetuff and expansion of Non-Clog and grinder pumps for the Americas market
Submersible pumps for commercial, municipal, and agricultural applications including the development of a new cast stainless submersible turbine line, and upgrading the performance of the line shaft turbine product offering
Water treatment products focused on component performance improvements and IOT enabled sensing systems

Fueling Systems Segment
Fueling Systems is a global leader in the production and marketing of fuel pumping systems, fuel containment systems and monitoring and control systems. The Fueling Systems segment designs, manufactures and sells pumps, motors, pipe, sumps, fittings, vapor recovery components, electronic controls, monitoring devices and related parts and equipment primarily for use in fueling system applications.

Fueling Systems offers a complete array of components between the tank and the dispenser, including submersible pumps, motors, station hardware, piping, sumps, vapor recovery, corrosion control systems and electronic controls and monitoring. The Fueling Systems segment growth has been sustained by a commitment to protecting human health and the environment while delivering the lowest total cost of ownership. Fueling Systems takes steps to ensure its products are installed and maintained properly through robust global certification tools for their third-party contractors. The segment serves other energy markets such as power reliability systems and includes intelligent electronic devices that are designed for online monitoring for the power utility, hydroelectric, rail, and telecommunication and data center infrastructure.

Fueling Systems products are sold in highly competitive markets. The Company believes there is growth opportunity in developing markets. Fueling Systems competes in each of its targeted markets based on product design, quality, performance, availability and price. The Company’s principal competitors in the petroleum equipment industry are Vontier Corporation, formerly a part of Fortive Corporation, and Dover Corporation.

2023 Fueling Systems research and development expenditures were primarily related to the following activities:
Developed and launched On-Prem, server software to collect data from battery monitoring, battery testers, and distribution monitoring, tailored to the U.S. railroad market
Developed OM3 TripCoil transformer monitoring instrument
Developed and launched EVO-Edge, a carwash fluids monitoring system
Developed and launched Hybrid Battery Control Unit (HBCU), with wireless (WiFi) connectivity
Developed CVM fuel dispensing and monitoring control system
Developed EV-Controls NexPhase 600 & 800, electric vehicle charger switchgear

Distribution Segment
The Distribution segment is operated as a collection of wholly owned leading groundwater distributors known as the Headwater Companies. Headwater Companies deliver quality products and leading brands to the industry, providing contractors with the products and services they demand to meet their application challenges. The Distribution segment operates within the U.S. professional groundwater market. Highlights of the Distribution Segment geographic growth through acquisitions in the last three years are as follows:
2021 - Acquired Blake Group Holdings, Inc., a professional groundwater distributor operating in the northeast
2023 - Acquired substantially all of the assets of LCA Pump, LLC, which operates Water Works Pump, a professional groundwater distributor operating in the midwest

Information Regarding All Reportable Segments
Research and Development
The Company incurred research and development expenses as follows:
5


(In millions)202320222021
Research and development expenses$17.7 $16.7 $17.3 

Expenses incurred were for activities related to the development of new products, improvement of existing products and manufacturing methods and other applied research and development.

The Company owns a number of patents, trademarks, and licenses. In the aggregate, these patents are of material importance to the operation of the business; however, the Company believes that its operations are not dependent on any single patent or group of patents.

Raw Materials
The principal raw materials used in the manufacture of the Company’s products are coil and bar steel, stainless steel, copper wire and aluminum ingot. Major components are electric motors, electrical components, motor protectors, forgings, gray iron castings, plastic resins and bearings. Most of these raw materials are available from multiple sources in the U.S. and world markets. Generally, the Company believes that adequate alternative sources are available for the majority of its key raw material and purchased component needs; however, the Company is dependent on a single or limited number of suppliers for certain materials or components. The Company believes that availability of fuel and energy is adequate to satisfy current and projected overall operations unless interrupted by government direction, allocation or other disruption.

Major Customers
No single customer accounted for over 10 percent of net sales in 2023, 2022, or 2021. No single customer accounted for over 10 percent of gross accounts receivable in 2023 and 2022.

Backlog
The dollar amount of backlog by segment was as follows:
(In millions)February 7, 2024February 6, 2023
Water Systems$120.2 $228.2 
Fueling Systems16.9 43.9 
Distribution23.5 22.8 
Consolidated$160.6 $294.9 

The backlog is composed of written orders at prices adjustable on a price-at-the-time-of-shipment basis for products, primarily standard catalog items. All backlog orders are expected to be filled in 2024. The Company’s sales in the first quarter are generally less than its sales in other quarters due to less water well drilling and overall product sales during the winter months in the Northern hemisphere. Beyond that, there is no seasonal pattern to the backlog and the backlog has not proven to be a significant indicator of future sales.

Environmental Matters
The Company believes that it is in compliance with all applicable federal, state and local laws concerning the discharge of material into the environment, or otherwise relating to the protection of the environment. The Company has not experienced any material costs in connection with environmental compliance, and does not believe that such compliance will have any material effect upon the financial position, results of operations, cash flows or competitive position of the Company.

Human Capital Resources
As of December 31, 2023, the Company had approximately 6,400 employees. The Company is committed to providing safe work environments for its employees, prioritizing wellness, health and safety best practices and requiring ethical compliance with established policies. Further information regarding its human capital details and initiatives can be found in the 2023 Franklin Electric Sustainability Report available for download on the Company's website.


6


Available Information
The Company is a U.S. public reporting company under the Exchange Act and files reports, proxy statements and other information with the SEC, which can be accessed from the SEC's home page on the Internet at www.sec.gov. The Company’s website address is www.franklin-electric.com. The Company makes available free of charge on or through its website its annual report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and all amendments to those reports, as soon as reasonably practicable after such material is electronically filed with or furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission. Additionally, the Company’s website includes the Company’s corporate governance guidelines, its Board committee charters, Lead Independent Director charter, and the Company’s code of business conduct and ethics. Information contained on the Company’s website is not part of this annual report on Form 10-K.

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

The following describes the principal risks affecting the Company and its business. Additional risks and uncertainties, not presently known to the Company, could negatively impact the Company’s results of operations or financial condition in the future.

Risks Related to the Industry
Reduced housing starts adversely affect demand for the Company’s products, thereby reducing revenues and earnings. Demand for certain Company products is affected by housing starts. Variation in housing starts due to economic volatility both within the United States and globally could adversely impact gross margins and operating results.

The Company’s results may be adversely affected by global macroeconomic supply and demand conditions related to the energy and mining industries. The energy and mining industries are users of the Company’s products, including the coal, iron ore, gold, copper, oil, and natural gas industries. Decisions to purchase the Company’s products are dependent upon the performance of the industries in which our customers operate. If demand or output in these industries increases, the demand for our products will generally increase. Likewise, if demand or output in these industries declines, the demand for our products will generally decrease. The energy and mining industries’ demand and output are impacted by the prices of commodities in these industries which are frequently volatile and change in response to general economic conditions, economic growth, commodity inventories, and any disruptions in production or distribution. Changes in these conditions could adversely impact sales, gross margin, and operating results.

Volatility in the prices and availability of raw materials, components, finished goods and other commodities could adversely affect operations. The Company purchases most of the raw materials for its products on the open market and relies on third parties for the sourcing of certain finished goods. Accordingly, the cost of its products may be affected by changes in the market price and its ability to successfully obtain raw materials, sourced components, or finished goods. The Company and its suppliers also use natural gas and electricity in manufacturing products both of which have historically been volatile. The Company does not generally engage in commodity hedging for raw materials and energy. Significant increases in the prices or disruptions in the supply chain of commodities, sourced components, finished goods, energy or other commodities could cause product prices to increase, which may reduce demand for products or make the Company more susceptible to competition.  Furthermore, in the event the Company is unable to pass along increases in operating costs to its customers, margins and profitability may be adversely affected.

The growth of municipal water systems and increased government restrictions on groundwater pumping could reduce demand for private water wells and the Company’s products, thereby reducing revenues and earnings. Demand for certain Company products is affected by rural communities shifting from private and individual water well systems to city or municipal water systems. Many economic and other factors outside the Company’s control, including governmental regulations on water quality, and tax credits and incentives, could adversely impact the demand for private and individual water wells. A decline in private and individual water well systems in the United States or other economies in the international markets the Company serves could reduce demand for the Company’s products and adversely impact sales, gross margins, and operating results.
 
Demand for Fueling Systems products is impacted by environmental legislation which may cause significant fluctuations in costs and revenues. Environmental legislation related to air quality and fuel containment may create demand for certain Fueling Systems products which must be supplied in a relatively short time frame to meet the governmental mandate. During periods of increased demand, the Company’s revenues and profitability could increase significantly, although the Company can also be at risk of not having capacity to meet demand or cost overruns due to inefficiencies during ramp up to the higher production levels. After the Company’s customers have met the compliance requirements, the Company’s revenues and profitability may decrease significantly as the demand for certain products declines substantially. The risk of not reducing production costs in relation to the decreased demand and reduced revenues could have a material adverse impact on gross margins and the Company’s results of operations. 
7


Changes in tax legislation regarding the Company’s U.S. or foreign earnings could materially affect future results. Since the Company operates in different countries and is subject to taxation in different jurisdictions, the Company’s future effective tax rates could be impacted by changes in such countries’ tax laws or their interpretations. Both domestic and international tax laws are subject to change as a result of changes in fiscal policy, legislation, evolution of regulation and court rulings. The application of these tax laws and related regulations is subject to legal and factual interpretation, judgment, and uncertainty. The Company cannot predict whether any proposed changes in tax laws will be enacted into law or what, if any, changes may be made to any such proposals prior to their being enacted into law. If the tax laws change in a manner that increases the Company’s tax obligation, it could have a material adverse impact on the Company’s results of operations and financial condition.

On December 15, 2022, the European Union (EU) Member States formally adopted the EU’s Pillar Two Directive, which generally provides for a minimum effective tax rate of 15%, as established by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Pillar Two Framework. The EU effective dates are January 1, 2024, and January 1, 2025, for different aspects of the directive. A significant number of other countries are expected to also implement similar legislation with varying effective dates in the future. The Company does not expect Pillar 2 to have a material impact on its income tax liability, provision for income taxes, or effective tax rate.

Risks Related to the Business
The Company is exposed to political, economic and other risks that arise from operating a multinational business. The Company has significant operations outside the United States, including Europe, South Africa, Brazil, Mexico, India, China, Turkey, Canada and Argentina. Further, the Company obtains raw materials and finished goods from foreign suppliers.  Accordingly, the Company’s business is subject to political, economic, and other risks that are inherent in operating a multinational business. These risks include, but are not limited to, the following:
Difficulty in enforcing agreements and collecting receivables through foreign legal systems
Trade protection measures and import or export licensing requirements
Inability to obtain raw materials and finished goods in a timely manner from foreign suppliers
Imposition of tariffs, exchange controls or other restrictions
Difficulty in staffing and managing widespread operations and the application of foreign labor regulations
Compliance with foreign laws and regulations
Changes in general economic and political conditions in countries where the Company operates 
Additionally, the Company’s operations outside the United States could be negatively impacted by changes in treaties, agreements, policies, and laws implemented by the United States. If the Company does not anticipate and effectively manage these risks, these factors may have a material adverse impact on its international operations or on the business as a whole.

The Company has significant investments in foreign entities and has significant sales and purchases in foreign denominated currencies creating exposure to foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations. The Company has significant investments outside the United States, including Europe, South Africa, Brazil, Mexico, India, China, Turkey, Canada and Argentina. Further, the Company has sales and makes purchases of raw materials and finished goods in foreign denominated currencies. Accordingly, the Company has exposure to fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates relative to the U.S. dollar. Foreign currency exchange rate risk is partially mitigated through several means: maintenance of local production facilities in the markets served, invoicing of customers in the same currency as the source of the products, prompt settlement of intercompany balances, limited use of foreign currency denominated debt, and application of derivative instruments when appropriate. To the extent that these mitigating strategies are not successful, foreign currency rate fluctuations can have a material adverse impact on the Company’s international operations or on the business as a whole.

In the second quarter of 2022, the Company concluded that Turkey represents a hyperinflationary economy as its three-year cumulative inflation rate exceeded 100 percent. As a result, the Company started remeasuring the financial statements for the Company’s Turkish operations in accordance with the highly inflationary accounting rules in the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") 830 "Foreign Currency Matters" as of the beginning of the second quarter of 2022. As a result, all gains and losses resulting from the remeasurement of the financial results of operations and other transactional foreign exchange gains and losses are reflected in earnings, which have resulted in volatility within the Company’s earnings, rather than as a component of the Company’s comprehensive income within shareholders’ equity. The Company also remeasures its financial statements for its Argentina operations in accordance with the highly inflationary accounting rules. Turkey and Argentina becoming hyperinflationary economies has had a material adverse effect on the Company’s consolidated results of operations and further inflation may have additional adverse effects on the Company's consolidated financial position, results of operations, or cash flows in future periods.

The Company’s acquisition strategy entails expense, integration risks, and other risks that could affect the Company’s earnings and financial condition. One of the Company’s continuing strategies is to increase revenues and expand market share
8


through acquisitions that will provide complementary Water and Fueling Systems products, add to the Company’s global reach, or both. The Company spends significant time and effort expanding existing businesses through identifying, pursuing, completing, and integrating acquisitions, which generate expense whether or not the acquisitions are actually completed. Competition for acquisition candidates may limit the number of opportunities and may result in higher acquisition prices. There is uncertainty related to successfully acquiring, integrating and profitably managing additional businesses without substantial costs, delays or other problems. There can also be no assurance that acquired companies will achieve revenues, profitability or cash flows that justify the investment. Failure to manage or mitigate these risks could adversely affect the Company’s results of operations and financial condition.
 
The Company’s products are sold in highly competitive markets, by numerous competitors whose actions could negatively impact sales volume, pricing and profitability. The Company is a global leader in the production and marketing of groundwater and fuel pumping systems. End user demand, distribution relationships, industry consolidation, new product capabilities of the Company’s competitors or new competitors, and many other factors contribute to a highly competitive environment. Additionally, some of the Company’s competitors have substantially greater financial resources than the Company. The Company believes that consistency of product quality, timeliness of delivery, service, and continued product innovation, as well as price, are principal factors considered by customers in selecting suppliers. Competitive factors previously described may lead to declines in sales or in the prices of the Company’s products which could have an adverse impact on its results of operations and financial condition.

The Company’s products are sold to numerous distribution outlets based on market performance. The Company may, from time to time, change distribution outlets in certain markets based on market share and growth. These changes could adversely impact sales and operating results. 

Transferring operations of the Company to lower cost regions may not result in the intended cost benefits. The Company is continuing its rationalization of manufacturing capacity between all existing manufacturing facilities and the manufacturing complexes in lower cost regions. To implement this strategy, the Company must complete the transfer of assets and intellectual property between operations. Each of these transfers involves the risk of disruption to the Company’s manufacturing capability, supply chain, and, ultimately, to the Company’s ability to service customers and generate revenues and profits and may include significant severance amounts.
 
Delays in introducing new products or the inability to achieve or maintain market acceptance with existing or new products may cause the Company’s revenues to decrease. The industries to which the Company belongs are characterized by intense competition, changes in end-user requirements, and evolving product offerings and introductions. The Company believes future success will depend, in part, on the ability to anticipate and adapt to these factors and offer, on a timely basis, products that meet customer demands. Failure to successfully develop new and innovative products or to enhance existing products could result in the loss of existing customers to competitors or the inability to attract new business, either of which may adversely affect the Company’s revenues.
 
Certain Company products are subject to regulation and government performance requirements in addition to the warranties provided by the Company. The Company’s product lines have expanded significantly and certain products are subject to government regulations and standards for manufacture, assembly, and performance in addition to the warranties provided by the Company. The Company’s failure to meet all such standards or perform in accordance with warranties could result in significant warranty or repair costs, lost sales and profits, damage to the Company’s reputation, fines or penalties from governmental organizations, and increased litigation exposure. Changes to these regulations or standards may require the Company to modify its business objectives and incur additional costs to comply. Any liabilities or penalties actually incurred could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s earnings and operating results.
 
The Company has significant goodwill and intangible assets and future impairment of the value of these assets may adversely affect the Company's operating results and financial condition. The Company’s total assets include substantial intangible assets, primarily goodwill. Goodwill results from the Company’s acquisitions, representing the excess of the purchase price paid over the fair value of the net assets acquired. Goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets are tested annually for impairment during the fourth quarter or as warranted by triggering events. If future operating performance at one or more of the Company’s operating segments were to decline significantly below current levels, the Company could incur a non-cash impairment charge to operating earnings. The recognition of an impairment of a significant portion of the Company’s goodwill or intangible assets could have a material adverse impact on the Company’s results of operations and financial condition.

The Company’s business may be adversely affected by the seasonality of sales and weather conditions. The Company experiences seasonal demand in a number of markets within the Water Systems segment. End-user demand in primary markets
9


follows warm weather trends and is at seasonal highs from April to August in the Northern Hemisphere. Demand for residential and agricultural water systems are also affected by weather-related disasters including heavy flooding and drought. Changes in these patterns could reduce demand for the Company’s products and adversely impact sales, gross margins, and operating results.

The Company depends on certain key suppliers, and any loss of those suppliers or their failure to meet commitments may adversely affect the Company's business and results of operations. The Company is dependent on a single or limited number of suppliers for some materials or components required in the manufacture of its products. If any of those suppliers fail to meet their commitments to the Company in terms of delivery or quality, the Company may experience supply shortages that could result in its inability to meet customer requirements, or could otherwise experience an interruption in operations that could negatively impact the Company’s business and results of operations.

The Company’s operations are dependent on information technology infrastructure and failures could significantly affect its business. The Company depends on information technology infrastructure in order to achieve business objectives. If the Company experiences a problem that impairs this infrastructure, such as a computer virus, a problem with the functioning of an important IT application, or an intentional disruption of IT systems by a third party, the resulting disruptions could impede the Company's ability to record or process orders, manufacture and ship products in a timely manner, or otherwise carry on business in the ordinary course. Any such events could cause the loss of customers or revenue and could cause significant expense to be incurred to eliminate these problems and address related security concerns. The Company is also subject to certain U.S. and international data protection and cybersecurity regulations. Complying with these laws may subject the Company to additional costs or require changes to the Company’s business practices. Any inability to adequately address privacy and security concerns or comply with applicable privacy and data security laws, rules and regulations could expose the Company to potentially significant liabilities.

Additional Risks to the Company. The Company is subject to various risks in the normal course of business as well as catastrophic events including severe weather events, earthquakes, fires, acts of war, terrorism, civil unrest, epidemics and pandemics and other unexpected events. Exhibit 99.1 sets forth risks and other factors that may affect future results, including those identified above, and is incorporated herein by reference.

ITEM 1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

None.

ITEM 1C. CYBERSECURITY

Data and information systems are a key part of how the Company delivers value to its customers, employees and stakeholders, and the Company’s cybersecurity program is committed to protecting its customers, employees, partners, infrastructure and systems. The Company’s cybersecurity program and approach is overseen by its Board of Directors, in coordination with the Audit Committee, and Senior Leadership, along with its Senior Director of Global Information Technology Operations and Infrastructure who has expertise around global cybersecurity matters. The Board of Directors receives annual reports from Senior Leadership on the Company’s cybersecurity risks. In addition, Senior Leadership updates the Board of Directors, as necessary, regarding any significant cybersecurity incidents. The Board of Directors and Senior Leadership review the strategy, tools, metrics and latest trends affecting cybersecurity and utilizes the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Cybersecurity Framework as the foundation for its cybersecurity strategy and approach. Third parties are engaged to assess the Company’s cybersecurity posture and adherence to the NIST Cybersecurity Framework, and the Company evaluates cybersecurity risks as part of its annual risk assessment process. Cybersecurity risk mitigation strategies and initiatives are developed based on these assessments. Any incident assessed as potentially being or potentially becoming material is immediately escalated for further assessment, and then reported to designated members of Senior Leadership.

A key area for the Cybersecurity Program is employee cybersecurity education. The Company’s employees play a key role in cybersecurity and receive mandatory cybersecurity training, phishing attack simulations, educational events, and news bulletins. The Company’s data protection and privacy program is designed to adhere to and adapt to global privacy and data protection laws.

The Company’s business strategy, results of operations and financial condition have not been materially affected and are not reasonably likely to be affected by risks from cybersecurity threats, including as a result of previously identified cybersecurity incidents, but it cannot provide assurance that they will not be materially affected in the future by such risks or any future material incidents. For more information on the Company’s information technology related risks, see Item 1A Risk Factors of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
10


ITEM 2. PROPERTIES

Franklin Electric serves customers worldwide with over 220 manufacturing and distribution facilities located in over 20 countries. The Global Headquarters is located in Fort Wayne, Indiana, United States and houses sales, marketing and administrative offices along with a state-of-the-art research and engineering facility. Besides the owned corporate facility, the Company considers the following to be principal properties:
Location / SegmentPurposeOwn/Lease
Santa Catarina, Brazil / Water & FuelingManufacturing/Distribution/SalesOwn
Sao Paulo, Brazil / Water & FuelingManufacturing/Distribution/SalesOwn
Jiangsu Province, China / Water & FuelingManufacturingOwn
Brno, Czech Republic / WaterManufacturingOwn
Vicenza, Italy / WaterManufacturingOwn
Nuevo Leon, Mexico / Water & FuelingManufacturingOwn
Edenvale, South Africa / WaterManufacturingOwn
Izmir, Turkey / Water & FuelingManufacturing/Distribution/Sales/R&DOwn
Indiana, United States / WaterManufacturing/Distribution/SalesLease
Montana, United States / DistributionDistributionOwn
North Carolina, United States / DistributionDistributionOwn
Oklahoma, United States / WaterManufacturingOwn
Oregon, United States / WaterManufacturing/Distribution/Sales/R&DLease
Wisconsin, United States / FuelingManufacturing/Distribution/Sales/R&DOwn

The Company also owns and leases other smaller facilities which serve as manufacturing locations and distribution warehouses. The Company does not consider these facilities to be principal to the business or operations. In the Company’s opinion, its facilities are suitable for their intended use, adequate for the Company’s business needs, all currently utilized and in good condition.

ITEM 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

The Company is defending various claims and legal actions which have arisen in the ordinary course of business. For a description of the Company's material legal proceedings, refer to Note 16 - Commitments and Contingencies, in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in Part II, Item 8, "Financial Statements and Supplementary Data," of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, which is incorporated into this Item 3 by reference. In the opinion of management, based on current knowledge of the facts and after discussion with counsel, other claims and legal actions can be defended or resolved without a material effect on the Company’s financial position, results of operations, and net cash flows.

ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

Not Applicable.
11


INFORMATION ABOUT OUR EXECUTIVE OFFICERS

Current executive officers of the Company, their ages, current position, and business experience during at least the past five years as of December 31, 2023, are as follows:
 
Name
 
Age
 
Position Held
Period Holding Position
Gregg C. Sengstack65Chairperson of the Board and Chief Executive Officer2015 - present
Jeffery L. Taylor57Vice President, Chief Financial Officer2021 - present
Chief Financial Officer, Blue Bird Corporation2020 - 2021
Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer, Wabash National Corporation2014 - 2020
Brent L. Spikes52Vice President, Global Manufacturing2022 - present
Vice President, Global Water Engineering2020 - 2022
Vice President, Manufacturing & Manufacturing Engineering2019 - 2020
Director, Manufacturing & Manufacturing Engineering2018 - 2019
Director, Advanced Manufacturing2014 - 2018
DeLancey W. Davis58Vice President and President, Headwater Companies2017 - present
Greg M. Levine50Vice President and President, Global Water2023 - present
President and CEO, Motion Control and Drives, Nidec Corporation2020-2023
President, Motion Control, Nidec Corporation2016-2020
Jay J. Walsh54Vice President and President, Fueling Systems2019 - present
President, Fueling Systems2017 - 2019
Jonathan M. Grandon48Vice President, Chief Administrative Officer, General Counsel and Corporate Secretary2016 - present
Kenneth Keene60Vice President, Global Supply2022 - present
Vice President, EMEA Manufacturing2021 - 2022
Vice President, Global Sourcing2018 - 2021
Vice President, Sales - US2014 - 2018

All executive officers are elected annually by the Board of Directors at the Board meeting held in conjunction with the annual meeting of shareholders. All executive officers hold office until their successors are duly elected or until their death, resignation or removal by the Board.

12


PART II
ITEM 5. MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS, AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES
The number of shareholders of record as of February 7, 2024 was 591. The Company’s stock is traded on the NASDAQ Global Select Market under the symbol FELE. Broadridge Corporate Issuer Solutions, Inc. 1155 Long Island Avenue, Edgewood, New York, 11717 serves as the registrar, record keeper and stock transfer agent.

Dividends paid per common share as quoted by the NASDAQ Global Select Market for 2023 and 2022 were as follows:
Dividends per Share
 20232022
1st Quarter$.225 $.195 
2nd Quarter$.225 $.195 
3rd Quarter$.225 $.195 
4th Quarter$.225 $.195 

The Company has increased dividend payments on an annual basis for 31 consecutive years. The payment of dividends in the future will be determined by the Board of Directors and will depend on business conditions, earnings, and other factors.

Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
In April 2007, the Company’s Board of Directors unanimously approved a plan to increase the number of shares remaining for repurchase from 628,692 to 2,300,000 shares. There is no expiration date for this plan. On August 3, 2015, the Company’s Board of Directors approved a plan to increase the number of shares remaining for repurchase by an additional 3,000,000 shares. The authorization was in addition to the 535,107 shares that remained available for repurchase as of July 31, 2015. In February 2023, the Company’s Board of Directors approved a plan to increase the number of shares remaining for repurchase by an additional 1,000,000 shares. The authorization was in addition to the 215,872 shares that remained available for repurchase as of February 16, 2023. The Company repurchased 144,137 shares for approximately $12.6 million under this plan during the fourth quarter of 2023. The maximum number of shares that may still be purchased under this plan as of December 31, 2023 is 916,655.
PeriodTotal Number of Shares RepurchasedAverage Price Paid per ShareTotal Number of Shares Purchased as Part of Publicly Announced PlanMaximum Number of Shares that may yet to be Repurchased
October 1 - October 3180,000$85.55 80,000980,792 
November 1 - November 3056,718$88.42 56,718924,074 
December 1 - December 317,419$93.85 7,419916,655 
Total144,137$87.11 144,137916,655 
Stock Performance Graph
The following graph compares the Company’s cumulative total shareholder return (Common Stock price appreciation plus dividends, on a reinvested basis) over the last five fiscal years with the Guggenheim S&P Global Water Index and the Russell 2000 Index.
SEI Graph - 2023.jpg


13


Hypothetical $100 invested on December 31, 2018 (fiscal year-end 2018) in Franklin Electric common stock (FELE), Guggenheim S&P Global Water Index, and Russell 2000 Index, assuming reinvestment of dividends:
YE 201820192020202120222023
FELE$100 $134 $161 $221 $188 $202 
Guggenheim S&P Global Water100 132 150 195 152 176 
Russell 2000100 124 146 166 132 155 
14


ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Discussion of the year-over-year comparison of changes in the Company's financial condition and results of operation as of and for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021 can be found in Part II, Item 7. "Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2022.

2023 vs. 2022

OVERVIEW
Net sales in 2023 increased 1 percent compared to the prior year. The sales increase in 2023 was primarily due to price realization, partially offset by the negative impact of foreign currency translation and lower volumes. The Company's consolidated gross profit was $697.0 million for 2023, an increase of $5.6 million from the prior year. Diluted earnings per share was $4.11 for 2023, an increase of $0.14 or 4 percent from the prior year.

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Net Sales
Net Sales
(In millions)20232022
2023 v 2022
Water Systems$1,203.7 $1,157.5 $46.2 
Fueling Systems296.5 334.1 (37.6)
Distribution673.3 668.1 5.2 
Eliminations/Other(108.4)(116.0)7.6 
Consolidated$2,065.1 $2,043.7 $21.4 

Net sales increased 1 percent in 2023 compared to the prior year. Foreign currency unfavorably impacted net sales by 3 percentage points during 2023, principally due to the strengthening of the U.S. Dollar relative to the Turkish Lira and Argentine Peso.

Net Sales-Water Systems
Water Systems sales increased 4 percent in 2023, as compared to the prior year. This sales growth was primarily due to price realization. Partially offsetting the increase, sales decreased 5 percent in 2023 due to the negative impact from foreign exchange rates, as compared to prior year.

Water Systems sales in the U.S. and Canada increased 4 percent in 2023, as compared to the prior year. Sales decreased less than 1 percent in 2023 due to the negative impact from foreign exchange rates, as compared to prior year. In 2023, sales of large dewatering equipment increased 63 percent, sales of groundwater pumping equipment decreased 10 percent and sales of all other surface pumping equipment decreased 1 percent compared to 2022.

Water Systems sales in markets outside the U.S. and Canada increased 3 percent in 2023, as compared to the prior year. Sales decreased 11 percent in 2023 due to the negative impact from foreign exchange rates, as compared to prior year. In 2023 excluding the impact of foreign currency translation, sales increases in EMEA and Latin America more than offset sales declines in the Asia Pacific markets.

Net Sales-Fueling Systems
Fueling Systems sales decreased 11 percent in 2023, as compared to the prior year. This sales decline was primarily due to lower volumes driven by customer inventory destocking as well as higher interest rates, labor constraints, and permitting delays causing some new station build plans to move into 2024.

Fueling Systems sales in the U.S. and Canada decreased 9 percent in 2023, as compared to the prior year. The decrease was primarily in dispensing and piping equipment. Outside the U.S. and Canada, Fueling Systems sales decreased 19 percent in 2023, as compared to the prior year, due primarily to the divestiture of the above ground storage tank business in 2022 and lower sales in China.

15



Net Sales-Distribution
Distribution sales increased 1 percentage point in 2023, as compared to the prior year. The Distribution segment sales increase was primarily due to higher volumes, partially offset by lower commodity-driven pricing.

Gross Profit and Expense Ratios
Fiscal Year
(In Millions)
2023
% of Net Sales
2022
% of Net Sales
Gross Profit$697.0 33.8 %$691.4 33.8 %
Selling, General and Administrative Expense433.5 21.0 %432.1 21.1 %

Gross Profit
The gross profit margin ratio was 33.8 percent in 2023 and 2022. The gross profit margin was favorably impacted in 2023 by price realization, product mix and lower freight costs in Water Systems and Fueling, partially offset by margin compression from unfavorable pricing of commodity-based products sold through the Distribution business.

Selling, General and Administrative (“SG&A”)
SG&A expenses were $433.5 million in 2023 compared to $432.1 million in 2022. SG&A expenses increased by less than 1 percent in 2023 primarily due to higher compensation costs, partially offset by lower advertising and marketing expenses. The SG&A expenses ratio was 21.0 percent and 21.1 percent in 2023 and 2022, respectively.

Restructuring Expenses
Restructuring expenses were $1.1 million and $2.2 million in 2023 and 2022, respectively. Restructuring expenses were primarily from continued miscellaneous manufacturing realignment activities, branch closings and consolidations.

Operating Income
Operating income increased 2 percent in 2023, as compared to the prior year.
Operating income (loss)
(In millions)20232022
2023 v 2022
Water Systems$196.6 $172.3 $24.3 
Fueling Systems92.7 96.8 (4.1)
Distribution34.3 54.5 (20.2)
Eliminations/Other(61.2)(66.4)5.2 
Consolidated$262.4 $257.2 $5.2 

Operating Income-Water Systems
Water Systems operating income increased $24.3 million in 2023, as compared to the prior-year period, primarily due to price realization and cost management, including lower freight costs. The 2023 operating income margin was 16.3 percent compared to 2022 operating income margin of 14.9 percent of net sales. Operating income margin increased in Water Systems primarily due to price realization and operating leverage on higher sales.

Operating Income-Fueling Systems
Fueling Systems operating income decreased $4.1 million in 2023, as compared to the prior-year period. Operating income decreased in Fueling Systems primarily due to lower sales volumes, partially offset by a favorable product and geographic mix of net sales and disciplined cost management. The 2023 operating income margin was 31.3 percent compared to 29.0 percent of net sales in 2022. Operating income margin increased in Fueling Systems primarily due to price realization, a favorable product and geographic sales mix shift and disciplined cost management.

Operating Income-Distribution
Distribution operating income decreased $20.2 million in 2023, as compared to the prior-year period. The 2023 operating income margin was 5.1 percent compared to 8.2 percent of net sales in 2022. Operating income and operating income margin decreased primarily due to unfavorable pricing of commodity-based products sold through the business.

Operating Income-Eliminations/Other
16


Operating income-eliminations/other is composed primarily of intersegment sales and profit eliminations and unallocated general and administrative expenses. The intersegment profit elimination impact in 2023 compared to 2022 was a favorable $6.2 million. The intersegment elimination of operating income effectively defers the operating income on sales from Water Systems to Distribution in the consolidated financial results until such time as the transferred product is sold from the Distribution segment to its end third party customer. General and administrative expenses increased $1.0 million, compared to the prior year.

Interest Expense
Interest expense was $11.8 million in 2023 and $11.5 million in 2022, respectively. The increase in 2023 was primarily driven by higher interest rates, partially offset by lower average borrowings in 2023.

Other Income or Expense
Other income (expense), net was a benefit of $3.7 million in 2023 and an expense of $3.2 million in 2022. The favorable benefit in 2023 was due to higher interest income as a result of favorable interest rates and lower benefit costs related to the Company’s employee benefit plans.

Foreign Exchange
Foreign currency-based transactions produced an expense of $12.1 million in 2023 and $7.2 million in 2022, respectively. The expense in 2023 was primarily due to transaction losses associated with the Turkish Lira, Argentine and Mexican Peso relative to the U.S. dollar. The expense in 2022 was primarily due to transaction losses associated with the Argentine Peso and Turkish Lira. The Company reports the results of its subsidiaries in Argentina and Turkey using highly inflationary accounting, which requires that the functional currency of the entity be changed to the reporting currency of its parent.

Income Taxes
The provision for income taxes in 2023 and 2022 were $47.5 million and $46.4 million, respectively. The effective tax rate for 2023 was about 20 percent and before the impact of discrete events was about 21 percent. The effective tax rate for 2022 both before and after the impact of discrete events was about 20 percent. The effective tax rate differs from the U.S. statutory rate of 21 percent primarily due to the recognition of the U.S. foreign-derived intangible income (FDII) provisions, foreign earnings taxed at rates below the U.S. statutory rate, certain incentives, and discrete events partially offset by state taxes.

Net Income
Net income for 2023 was $194.7 million compared to 2022 net income of $188.8 million. Net income attributable to Franklin Electric Co., Inc. for 2023 was $193.3 million, or $4.11 per diluted share, compared to 2022 net income attributable to Franklin Electric Co., Inc. of $187.3 million, or $3.97 per diluted share.

CAPITAL RESOURCES AND LIQUIDITY

Sources of Liquidity
The Company's primary sources of liquidity are cash on hand, cash flows from operations, revolving credit agreements, and long-term debt funds available. The Company believes its capital resources and liquidity position at December 31, 2023 is adequate to meet projected needs for the foreseeable future. The Company expects that ongoing requirements for operations, capital expenditures, pension obligations, dividends, share repurchases, and debt service will be adequately funded from cash on hand, operations, and existing credit agreements.

As of December 31, 2023, the Company had a $350.0 million revolving credit facility. The facility is scheduled to mature on May 13, 2026. As of December 31, 2023, the Company had $335.4 million borrowing capacity under the Credit Agreement as $3.6 million in letters of commercial and standby letters of credit were outstanding and undrawn and $11.0 million in revolver borrowings were drawn and outstanding, which were primarily used for funding working capital requirements.

In addition, the Company maintains an uncommitted and unsecured private shelf agreement with NYL Investors LLC, an affiliate of New York Life, and each of the undersigned holders of Notes (the "New York Life Agreement") with a remaining borrowing capacity of $125.0 million as of December 31, 2023. The New York Life Agreement matures on July 30, 2024. The Company also has other long-term debt borrowings outstanding as of December 31, 2023. See Note 10 - Debt for additional specifics regarding these obligations and future maturities.

At December 31, 2023, the Company had $69.6 million of cash and cash equivalents held in foreign jurisdictions, which the Company intends to use to fund foreign operations. There is currently no need to repatriate these funds in order to meet domestic funding obligations or scheduled cash distributions.
17




Cash Flows
The following table summarizes significant sources and uses of cash and cash equivalents:
(in millions)20232022
Cash flows from operating activities$315.7 $101.7 
Cash flows from investing activities$(74.3)$(43.1)
Cash flows from financing activities$(192.2)$(48.5)
Impact of exchange rates on cash and cash equivalents$(10.0)$(4.9)
Change in cash and cash equivalents$39.2 $5.2 

Cash Flows from Operating Activities
2023 vs 2022
Net cash provided by operating activities was $315.7 million for 2023 compared to $101.7 million for 2022. The increase in cash provided by operating activities was primarily due to actions the Company took to improve working capital including inventory reductions as its supply chain resiliency and lead times improved during the back half of the year.

Cash Flows from Investing Activities
2023 vs. 2022
Net cash used in investing activities was $74.3 million in 2023 compared to $43.1 million in 2022. The increase was primarily attributable to increased acquisition activity in 2023.

Cash Flows from Financing Activities
2023 vs. 2022
Net cash used by financing activities was $192.2 million in 2023 compared to $48.5 million in 2022. The change in financing cash flow was primarily attributable to net borrowings under the Company's revolving credit facility in 2022 compared to net repayments in 2023.

AGGREGATE CONTRACTUAL OBLIGATIONS
The majority of the Company’s contractual obligations to third parties relate to debt obligations. In addition, the Company has certain contractual obligations for future lease payments and purchase obligations. The payment schedule for these contractual obligations is as follows:
(In millions)   More than
 Total2024
2025-2026
2027-2028
5 years
Debt$100.6 $12.4 $78.1 $2.8 $7.3 
Debt interest13.8 7.6 4.8 0.7 0.7 
Operating leases61.9 19.5 26.6 12.3 3.5 
Purchase obligations11.1 11.0 0.1 — — 
Income Taxes-U.S. Tax Cuts and Jobs Act transition tax$8.7 $3.9 $4.8 $— $— 
 $196.1 $54.4 $114.4 $15.8 $11.5 

Interest payments on debt obligations are calculated for future periods using interest rates in effect at the end of 2023. Certain of these projected interest payments may differ in the future based on interest rates or other factors or events. The projected interest payments only pertain to obligations and agreements outstanding at December 31, 2023.

The Company has pension and other post-retirement benefit obligations not included in the table above which will result in estimated future payments of approximately $0.8 million in 2024. In addition, due to the timing of funding in future periods being uncertain and dependent on future movements in interest rates, investment returns, changes in laws and regulations and other variables, the table above excludes the non-current liability of $29.5 million for cash outflows related to the Company's pension plans.

The Company also has unrecognized tax benefits, none of which are included in the table above. The unrecognized tax benefits of approximately $0.8 million have been recorded as liabilities and the Company is uncertain as to if or when such amounts may be settled. Related to the unrecognized tax benefits, the Company has also recorded a liability for potential penalties and interest of $0.1 million.
18




ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS
For information regarding recent accounting pronouncements, refer to Note 2 - Accounting Pronouncements, in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in the sections entitled ""Adoption of New Accounting Standards" and "Accounting Standards Issued But Not Yet Adopted", included in Part II, Item 8, "Financial Statements and Supplementary Data" of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING ESTIMATES
Management’s discussion and analysis of its financial condition and results of operations are based upon the Company’s consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. The preparation of these financial statements requires management to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and the related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. Management evaluates estimates on an ongoing basis. Estimates are based on historical experience and on other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying value of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions. There were no material changes to estimates or methodologies used to develop those estimates in 2023. The Company’s critical accounting estimates are identified below:

Inventory Valuation
The Company uses certain estimates and judgments to value inventory. Inventory is recorded at the lower of cost or net realizable value. The Company reviews its inventories for excess or obsolete products or components. Based on an analysis of historical usage, management’s evaluation of estimated future demand, market conditions, and alternative uses for possible excess or obsolete parts, carrying values are adjusted. The carrying value is reduced regularly to reflect the age and current anticipated product demand. If actual demand differs from the estimates, additional reductions would be necessary in the period such determination is made. Excess and obsolete inventory is periodically disposed of through sale to third parties, scrapping, or other means.
 
Business Combinations and Valuation of Acquired Intangible Assets
The Company follows the guidance under FASB ASC Topic 805, Business Combinations. The acquisition purchase price is allocated to the assets acquired and liabilities assumed based upon their respective fair values. The Company utilizes management estimates and may use an independent third-party valuation firm to assist in determining the fair values of assets acquired, including intangible assets, and liabilities assumed. The identifiable intangible assets acquired typically include customer relationships and trade names. Identifiable intangible assets are initially valued using a methodology commensurate with the intended use of the asset. The fair value of customer relationships is measured using the multi-period excess earnings method ("MPEEM"). The fair value of trade names is measured using a relief-from-royalty ("RFR") approach, which assumes the value of the trade name is the discounted amount of cash flows that would be paid to third parties had the Company not owned the trade name and instead licensed the trade name from another company. Higher royalty rates are assigned to premium brands within the marketplace based on name recognition and profitability, while other brands receive lower royalty rates. The basis for future sales projections for both the RFR and MPEEM are based on internal revenue forecasts which the Company believes represents reasonable market participant assumptions. The future cash flows are discounted using an applicable discount rate as well as any potential risk premium to reflect the inherent risk of holding a standalone intangible asset. The key uncertainties in the RFR and MPEEM calculations, as applicable, are the selection of an appropriate royalty rate, assumptions used in developing estimates of future cash flows, including revenue growth and expense forecasts, assumed customer attrition rates, as well as the perceived risk associated with those forecasts in determining the discount rate and risk premium. There is inherent uncertainty in forecasted future cash flows and therefore, actual results may differ and could result in subsequent impairment charges of acquired intangibles and/or goodwill.

Indefinite-Lived Intangible Asset and Goodwill Impairment Evaluation
According to FASB ASC Topic 350, Intangibles - Goodwill and Other, intangible assets with indefinite lives must be tested for impairment at least annually or more frequently as warranted by triggering events that indicate potential impairment. The Company uses a variety of methodologies in conducting impairment assessments including income and market approaches. For indefinite-lived assets apart from goodwill, primarily trade names for the Company, if the fair value is less than the carrying amount, an impairment charge is recognized in an amount equal to that excess. The Company has not made any material changes to the method of evaluating impairments during the last three years. 

In compliance with FASB ASC Topic 350, goodwill is not amortized. Goodwill is tested at the reporting unit level for impairment annually or more frequently as warranted by triggering events that indicate potential impairment. Reporting units are operating segments or one level below, known as components, which can be aggregated for testing purposes.
19



In assessing the recoverability of goodwill, the Company determines the fair value of its reporting units by utilizing a combination of both the market value and income approaches. The market value approach compares the reporting units’ current and projected financial results to entities of similar size and industry to determine the market value of the reporting unit. The income approach utilizes assumptions regarding estimated future cash flows and other factors to determine the fair value of the respective assets. These cash flows consider factors regarding expected future operating income and historical trends, as well as the effects of demand and competition. The Company is required to record an impairment if these assumptions and estimates change whereby the fair value of the reporting units is below their associated carrying values. Goodwill included on the balance sheet as of the year ended December 31, 2023 was $342.4 million.

During the fourth quarter of 2023, the Company completed its annual impairment test of goodwill and indefinite-lived trade names and determined the fair value of all intangibles were substantially in excess of the respective carrying values. Significant judgment is required to determine if an indication of impairment has taken place. Factors to be considered include the following: adverse changes in operating results, decline in strategic business plans, significantly lower future cash flows, and sustainable declines in market data such as market capitalization. A 10 percent decrease in the estimated fair value of any of these intangible assets would not have changed this determination. The sensitivity analysis required the use of numerous subjective assumptions, which, if actual experience varies, could result in material differences in the requirements for impairment charges. Further, an extended downturn in the economy may impact certain components of the operating segments more significantly and could result in an impairment determination.

Income Taxes
Under the requirements of FASB ASC Topic 740, Income Taxes, the Company records deferred tax assets and liabilities for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The Company analyzes the deferred tax assets and liabilities for their future realization based on the estimated existence of sufficient taxable income. This analysis considers the following sources of taxable income: prior year taxable income, future reversals of existing taxable temporary differences, future taxable income exclusive of reversing temporary differences and tax planning strategies that would generate taxable income in the relevant period. If sufficient taxable income is not projected then the Company will record a valuation allowance against the relevant deferred tax assets.

The Company’s operations involve dealing with uncertainties and judgments in the application of complex tax regulations in multiple jurisdictions. These jurisdictions have different tax rates, and the Company determines the allocation of income to each of these jurisdictions based upon various estimates and assumptions. In the normal course of business, the Company will undergo tax audits by various tax jurisdictions. Such audits often require an extended period of time to complete and may result in income tax adjustments if changes to the allocation are required between jurisdictions with different tax rates. The final taxes paid are dependent upon many factors, including negotiations with taxing authorities in the various jurisdictions and resolution of disputes arising from federal, state, and international tax audits. Although the Company has recorded all income tax uncertainties in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 740, these accruals represent estimates that are subject to the inherent uncertainties associated with the tax audit process. Management judgment is required in determining the Company’s provision for income taxes, deferred tax assets and liabilities, which, if actual experience varies, could result in material adjustments to tax expense and/or deferred tax assets and liabilities.

Pension and Employee Benefit Obligations
The Company consults with its actuaries to assist with the calculation of discount rates used in its pension and post retirement plans. The discount rates used to determine domestic pension and post-retirement plan liabilities are calculated using a full yield curve approach. Market conditions have caused the weighted-average discount rate to move from 5.15 percent last year to 4.90 percent this year for the domestic pension plans and from 5.08 percent last year to 4.88 percent this year for the postretirement health and life insurance plan. A change in the discount rate selected by the Company of 25 basis points would result in a change of about $0.1 million to employee benefit expense and a change of about $2.4 million of liability.

The Company consults with actuaries and investment advisors in making its determination of the expected long-term rate of return on plan assets. Using input from these consultations such as long-term investment sector expected returns, the correlations and standard deviations thereof, and the plan asset allocation, the Company will use an expected long-term rate of return on plan assets of 6.20 percent in measuring net periodic cost for 2024. Market conditions have caused the expected long-term rate or return to increase from 5.70 percent as used in measuring net periodic cost for 2023. A change in the long-term rate of return selected by the Company of 25 basis points would result in a change of about $0.3 million of employee benefit expense.

20


FACTORS THAT MAY AFFECT FUTURE RESULTS
This annual report on Form 10-K contains certain forward-looking information, such as statements about the Company’s financial goals, acquisition strategies, financial expectations including anticipated revenue or expense levels, business prospects, market positioning, product development, manufacturing re-alignment, capital expenditures, tax benefits and expenses, and the effect of contingencies or changes in accounting policies. Forward-looking statements are typically identified by words or phrases such as “believe,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “estimate,” “may increase,” “may fluctuate,” “plan,” “goal,” “target,” “strategy,” and similar expressions or future or conditional verbs such as “may,” “will,” “should,” “would,” and “could.” While the Company believes that the assumptions underlying such forward-looking statements are reasonable based on present conditions, forward-looking statements made by the Company involve risks and uncertainties and are not guarantees of future performance. Actual results may differ materially from those forward-looking statements as a result of various factors, including general economic and currency conditions, various conditions specific to the Company’s business and industry, new housing starts, weather conditions, epidemics and pandemics, market demand, competitive factors, changes in distribution channels, supply constraints, effect of price increases, raw material costs, technology factors, integration of acquisitions, litigation, government and regulatory actions, the Company’s accounting policies, and other risks, all as described in Item 1A and Exhibit 99.1 of this Form 10-K. Any forward-looking statements included in this Form 10-K are based upon information presently available. The Company does not assume any obligation to update any forward-looking information, except as required by law.

ITEM 7A. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

The Company is subject to market risk associated with changes in foreign currency exchange rates, interest rates, and commodity prices. These exposures are actively monitored by management. Exposure to foreign exchange rate risk is due to certain costs, revenue and borrowings being denominated in currencies other than one of the Company’s subsidiaries functional currency. Similarly, the Company is exposed to market risk as the result of changes in interest rates which may affect the cost of financing.

Foreign Currency Exchange Rate Risk
Foreign currency exchange rate risk is mitigated through several means including maintenance of local production facilities in the markets served, invoicing of customers in the currency which the Company is billed for production inputs, prompt settlement of third party and intercompany balances, limited use of foreign currency denominated debt, maintaining minimal foreign currency denominated cash balances, and application of derivative instruments when appropriate. Based on the 2023 mix of foreign currencies, the Company estimates that a hypothetical strengthening of the US Dollar by about 2 percent would have reduced the Company’s 2023 sales by less than 1 percent.

Interest Rate Risk
The results of operations are exposed to changes in interest rates primarily with respect to borrowings under the Company’s revolving credit agreement (the “Credit Agreement”). Borrowings in USD under the Credit Agreement may be made either at (i) a Secured Overnight Financing Rate (SOFR) Term Benchmark plus an applicable margin or (ii) an alternative base rate as defined in the Credit Agreement. Borrowings in EUR under the Credit Agreement may be made either at (i) a Euro Interbank Offer Rate (EURIBOR) Term Benchmark plus an applicable margin or (ii) an alternative base rate as defined in the Credit Agreement. The Company had $11.0 million borrowings at year-end 2023 under the Credit Agreement. The Company estimates that a hypothetical increase of 100 basis points in interest rates would have increased interest expense by $0.7 million during 2023. The Company also has exposure to changes in interest rates in the form of the fair value of outstanding fixed rate debt fluctuating in response to changing interest rates.

Commodity Price Exposures
Portions of the Company’s business are exposed to volatility in the prices of certain commodities, such as copper, steel and aluminum, among others. The primary exposure to this volatility resides with the use of these materials in purchased component parts. The Company generally maintains long-term fixed price contracts on raw materials and component parts; however, the Company is prone to exposure as these contracts expire. Based on the 2023 use of commodities, the Company estimates that a hypothetical 10 percent adverse movement in prices for raw metal commodities would result in less than 1 percent decrease of gross margin as a percent of net sales.

21


ITEM 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

FRANKLIN ELECTRIC CO., INC. AND CONSOLIDATED SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(In thousands, except per share amounts)202320222021
Net sales$2,065,133 $2,043,711 $1,661,865 
Cost of sales1,368,125 1,352,276 1,085,776 
Gross profit697,008 691,435 576,089 
Selling, general, and administrative expenses433,476 432,076 386,275 
Restructuring expense1,091 2,170 621 
Operating income262,441 257,189 189,193 
Interest expense(11,790)(11,525)(5,196)
Other income/(expense), net3,696 (3,201)7,978 
Foreign exchange expense(12,124)(7,236)(2,269)
Income before income taxes242,223 235,227 189,706 
Income tax expense47,489 46,416 34,731 
Net income$194,734 $188,811 $154,975 
Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests(1,462)(1,479)(1,115)
Net income attributable to Franklin Electric Co., Inc.$193,272 $187,332 $153,860 
Earnings per share:
Basic$4.17 $4.02 $3.29 
Diluted$4.11 $3.97 $3.25 

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

FRANKLIN ELECTRIC CO., INC. AND CONSOLIDATED SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(In thousands)202320222021
Net income$194,734 $188,811 $154,975 
Other comprehensive income/(loss), before tax:
     Foreign currency translation adjustments12,026 (11,809)(27,534)
     Employee benefit plan activity:
        Net gain/(loss) arising during period(4,449)6,660 288 
       Amortization arising during period2,148 5,828 4,760 
Other comprehensive income/(loss)9,725 679 (22,486)
Income tax benefit/(expense) related to items of other comprehensive income/(loss)643 (3,647)(1,458)
Other comprehensive income/(loss), net of tax10,368 (2,968)(23,944)
Comprehensive income205,102 185,843 131,031 
Less: Comprehensive loss/(income) attributable to noncontrolling interests(1,496)(1,378)(981)
Comprehensive income attributable to Franklin Electric Co., Inc.$203,606 $184,465 $130,050 

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.




22


FRANKLIN ELECTRIC CO., INC. AND CONSOLIDATED SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands, except per share amounts)20232022
ASSETS  
Current assets:  
Cash and cash equivalents$84,963 $45,790 
Receivables, less allowances of $3,594 and $4,211, respectively
222,418 230,404 
Inventories:
Raw material176,706 196,876 
Work-in-process26,880 30,276 
Finished goods305,110 317,828 
Total inventories508,696 544,980 
Other current assets37,718 36,916 
Total current assets853,795 858,090 
Property, plant, and equipment, at cost:
Land and buildings167,028 159,253 
Machinery and equipment316,227 297,496 
Furniture and fixtures56,997 50,264 
Other59,747 50,249 
Property, plant, and equipment, gross599,999 557,262 
Less: Allowance for depreciation(370,260)(342,108)
Property, plant, and equipment, net229,739 215,154 
Lease right-of-use assets, net57,014 48,948 
Deferred income taxes8,758 6,778 
Intangible assets, net230,027 231,275 
Goodwill342,404 328,046 
Other assets6,385 5,910 
Total assets$1,728,122 $1,694,201 
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY  
Current liabilities:  
Accounts payable$152,419 $139,266 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities100,249 120,555 
Current lease liability17,316 15,959 
Income taxes4,700 3,233 
Current maturities of long-term debt and short-term borrowings12,355 126,756 
Total current liabilities287,039 405,769 
Long-term debt88,056 89,271 
Long-term lease liability38,549 32,858 
Income taxes payable non-current4,837 8,707 
Deferred income taxes29,461 29,744 
Employee benefit plans35,973 31,889 
Other long-term liabilities33,914 25,209 
Commitments and contingencies (see Note 16)
Redeemable noncontrolling interest1,145 620 
Shareholders’ equity:
Common stock (65,000 shares authorized, $0.10 par value) outstanding (46,067 and 46,193, respectively)
4,607 4,619 
Additional paid-in capital344,717 325,426 
Retained earnings1,078,512 969,261 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(221,114)(231,448)
Total shareholders’ equity1,206,722 1,067,858 
Noncontrolling interest2,426 2,276 
Total equity1,209,148 1,070,134 
Total liabilities and equity$1,728,122 $1,694,201 

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
23


FRANKLIN ELECTRIC CO., INC. AND CONSOLIDATED SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In thousands)202320222021
Cash flows from operating activities:  
Net income$194,734 $188,811 $154,975 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash flows from operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization52,260 50,374 44,572 
Non-cash lease expense18,852 17,406 13,808 
Share-based compensation10,133 10,973 11,731 
Deferred income taxes(1,609)(1,230)126 
(Gain)/Loss on disposals of plant and equipment(256)1,285 (269)
Gain from bargain purchase of business  (6,482)
Foreign exchange expense12,124 7,236 2,269 
Changes in assets and liabilities, net of acquisitions:
Receivables19,150 (44,800)(31,925)
Inventory48,176 (101,080)(123,076)
Accounts payable and accrued expenses(23,085)(12,283)89,038 
Operating leases(18,874)(17,406)(13,808)
Income taxes(1,524)(679)(2,241)
Income taxes-U.S. Tax Cuts and Jobs Act(2,902)(355) 
Employee benefit plans1,458 3,488 1,245 
Other, net7,073 (66)(10,200)
Net cash flows from operating activities315,710 101,674 129,763 
Cash flows from investing activities:
Additions to property, plant, and equipment(41,415)(41,903)(30,116)
Proceeds from sale of property, plant, and equipment1,494 6 979 
Cash paid for acquisitions, net of cash acquired(34,831)(1,186)(235,701)
Other, net463 9 33 
Net cash flows from investing activities(74,289)(43,074)(264,805)
Cash flows from financing activities:
Proceeds from issuance of debt443,217 477,558 321,299 
Repayments of debt(558,746)(448,622)(226,583)
Proceeds from issuance of common stock9,193 3,859 15,524 
Purchases of common stock(43,332)(40,490)(25,949)
Dividends paid(41,723)(36,991)(33,398)
Deferred payments for acquisitions(802)(3,786) 
Net cash flows from financing activities(192,193)(48,472)50,893 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents(10,055)(4,874)(6,102)
Net change in cash and cash equivalents39,173 5,254 (90,251)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period45,790 40,536 130,787 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period$84,963 $45,790 $40,536 
Cash paid for income taxes, net of refunds$55,120 $48,335 $37,387 
Cash paid for interest$12,115 $11,209 $5,192 
Non-cash items:
Additions to property, plant, and equipment, not yet paid$2,229 $628 $1,454 
Lease right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for new operating lease liabilities$25,899 $17,599 $19,627 
Payable to sellers of acquired entities$7,027 $354 $4,000 
Payable for share repurchases$ $1,083 $ 
Non-cash investment to acquire property in lieu of cash payment for products provided$419 $ $ 
Accrued dividends payable to noncontrolling interests$821 $ $ 

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
 
24


FRANKLIN ELECTRIC CO., INC. AND CONSOLIDATED SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EQUITY
Total Shareholders’ Equity
(In thousands)Common Shares
Outstanding
Common StockAdditional Paid-in CapitalRetained EarningsAccumulated Other Comprehensive Income/(Loss)Noncontrolling
Interest
Redeemable Noncontrolling Interest
Balance as of year-end 2020
46,222 $4,622 $283,420 $764,562 $(204,771)$2,116 $(245)
Net Income— — — 153,860 — 899 216 
Currency translation adjustment— — — — (27,400)(144)10 
Pension and other post retirement plans, net of tax expense $1,458
— — — — 3,590 — — 
Dividends on common stock ($0.70/share)
— — — (32,688)— — — 
Dividend to noncontrolling interest— — — — — (710)— 
Common stock issued440 44 15,480 — — — — 
Share based compensation140 14 11,717 — — — — 
Common stock repurchased(319)(32)— (25,917)— — — 
Balance as of year-end 2021
46,483 $4,648 $310,617 $859,817 $(228,581)$2,161 $(19)
Net Income— — — 187,332 — 857 622 
Currency translation adjustment— — — — (11,708)(118)17 
Pension and other post retirement plans, net of tax expense $3,647
— — — — 8,841 — — 
Dividends on common stock ($0.78/share)
— — — (36,367)— — — 
Dividend to noncontrolling interest— — — — — (624)— 
Common stock issued90 9 3,850 — — — — 
Share based compensation136 14 10,959 — — — — 
Common stock repurchased(516)(52)— (41,521)— — — 
Balance as of year-end 2022
46,193 $4,619 $325,426 $969,261 $(231,448)$2,276 $620 
Net Income— — — 193,272 — 935 527 
Currency translation adjustment— — — — 11,992 36 (2)
Pension and other post retirement plans, net of tax benefit $643
— — — — (1,658)— — 
Dividends on common stock ($0.90/share)
— — — (41,723)— — — 
Dividend to noncontrolling interest— — — — — (821)— 
Common stock issued216 22 9,171 — — — — 
Share based compensation131 13 10,120 — — — — 
Common stock repurchased(473)(47)— (42,298)— — — 
Balance as of year-end 2023
46,067 $4,607 $344,717 $1,078,512 $(221,114)$2,426 $1,145 

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
25


FRANKLIN ELECTRIC CO., INC. AND CONSOLIDATED SUBSIDIARIES
INDEX TO NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

26


NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

1. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Company--“Franklin Electric” or the “Company” shall refer to Franklin Electric Co., Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries.

Fiscal Year--The financial statements and accompanying notes are as of and for the years ended December 31, 2023, December 31, 2022, and December 31, 2021, and referred to as 2023, 2022, and 2021, respectively.

Principles of Consolidation--The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Franklin Electric Co., Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries. All intercompany transactions have been eliminated.

Business Combinations--The Company allocates the purchase price of its acquisitions to the assets acquired, liabilities assumed, and noncontrolling interests based upon their respective fair values at the acquisition date. The Company utilizes management estimates and may use inputs from an independent third-party valuation firm to assist in determining these fair values. The excess of the acquisition price over estimated fair values of the net assets acquired is recorded as goodwill. Goodwill is adjusted for any changes to acquisition date fair value amounts made within the measurement period, which may be up to one year from the acquisition date. If the preliminary, estimated fair values of the net assets acquired are in excess of the acquisition price, that represents a bargain purchase gain, and the Company records this amount in "Accrued expenses and other current liabilities" on the consolidated balance sheet until it completes its determination of fair values for the net assets acquired. Once that fair value determination is completed, the bargain purchase gain is recognized on the consolidated statements of income in "Other income/(expense), net". Acquisition-related transaction costs are recognized separately from the business combination and expensed as incurred.

Revenue Recognition--Revenue is recognized when promised goods or services are transferred to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled to in exchange for those goods or services. The promise in a contract to transfer goods or services to a customer represents a performance obligation. The Company typically sells its products to customers by purchase order and does not have any additional performance obligations included in contracts to customers. Shipping and handling activities are considered to be fulfillment activities and are not considered to be a separate performance obligation. Therefore, the Company allocates the transaction price based on a single performance obligation. The Company typically ships products Free on Board (FOB) shipping point at which point control of the products passes to the customers. The Company considers the performance obligation satisfied and recognizes revenue at a point in time, the time of shipment. The Company applies a practical expedient to expense as incurred costs to obtain a contract with a customer when the amortization period would have been one year or less as well as applies the financing component practical expedient when the duration of the financing is one year or less.

The Company’s products may include routine assurance-type warranties which do not qualify as separate performance obligations. In the event that significant post-shipment obligations were to exist for the Company’s products, revenue recognition would be deferred until the performance obligations were satisfied.
The Company records net sales after discounts at the time of sale based on specific discount programs in effect, related historical data, and experience.

Shipping and Handling Costs--Shipping and handling costs are considered activities required to fulfill the Company’s promise to transfer goods, and do not qualify as a separate performance obligation. Shipping and handling costs are recorded as a component of cost of sales.

Research and Development Expense--The Company’s research and development activities are charged to expense in the period incurred. The Company incurred expenses of approximately $17.7 million in 2023, $16.7 million in 2022, and $17.3 million in 2021 related to research and development.

Cash and Cash Equivalents--The Company considers cash on hand, demand deposits, and highly liquid investments with an original maturity date of three months or less to be cash and cash equivalents.

Fair Value of Financial Instruments--Fair value is defined as the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. The standard established a fair value hierarchy which requires an entity to maximize the use of observable inputs and to minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value. The three levels of inputs that may be used to measure fair value within the hierarchy are as follows:

27



Level 1 – Quoted prices for identical assets and liabilities in active markets;

Level 2 – Quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar assets and liabilities in markets that are not active, and model-derived valuations in which all significant inputs and significant value drivers are observable in active markets; and

Level 3 – Valuations derived from valuation techniques in which one or more significant inputs or significant value drivers are unobservable.

Accounts Receivable, Earned Discounts, and Allowance for Uncollectible Accounts--Accounts receivable are stated at estimated net realizable value. Accounts receivable are comprised of balances due from customers, net of earned discounts and estimated allowances for uncollectible accounts. Earned discounts are based on specific customer agreement terms. In determining allowances for uncollectible accounts, historical collection experience, current trends and reasonable, supportable future forecasts, aging of accounts receivable, and periodic credit evaluations of customers’ financial condition are reviewed. 

Inventories--Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or net realizable value. The majority of the cost of inventories is determined using the first in, first out (FIFO) method with a portion of inventory costs determined using the average cost method. The Company reviews its inventories for excess or obsolete products or components based on an analysis of historical usage and management’s evaluation of estimated future demand, market conditions, and alternative uses for possible excess or obsolete parts.

Property, Plant, and Equipment--Property, plant, and equipment are stated at historical cost. The Company capitalizes certain computer software and software development costs incurred in connection with developing or obtaining computer software for internal use, which are included in property, plant, and equipment. Depreciation of property, plant and equipment is calculated on a straight line basis over the following estimated useful lives:

Land improvement and buildings
10 - 40 years
Machinery and equipment
5 - 10 years
Software
3 - 7 years
Furniture and fixtures
3 - 7 years

Maintenance, repairs, and renewals of a minor nature are expensed as incurred. Betterments and major renewals which extend the useful lives or add to the productive capacity of buildings, improvements, and equipment are capitalized. The Company reviews its property, plant, and equipment for impairment at the asset group level whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of such assets may not be recoverable. If an indicator is present, the Company compares carrying values to undiscounted future cash flows; if the undiscounted future cash flows are less than the carrying value, an impairment would be recognized for the difference between the fair value and the carrying value.

The Company’s depreciation expense was $35.1 million, $33.1 million, and $30.2 million in 2023, 2022, and 2021, respectively.

Leases--The Company determines if an arrangement is a lease, or contains a lease, at the inception of the arrangement and determines whether it is an operating or financing lease. Operating and financing leases result in the Company recording a right-of-use ("ROU") asset, current lease liability, and long term lease liability on its balance sheet. The Company has elected to not present leases with an initial term of 12 months or less on the balance sheet. The ROU assets and liabilities are initially recognized based on the present value of lease payments over the lease term. Initial direct costs and lease incentives are generally not material when measuring the ROU asset present value. Lease expense for operating lease payments is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

In determining the present value, the Company utilizes interest rates from lease agreements unless the lease agreement does not provide a readily determinable rate. In these instances, the Company utilizes its incremental borrowing rate based on the Company’s borrowing information available at inception. A portion of the Company’s leases include renewal options. The Company excludes these renewal options in the expected lease term unless the Company is reasonably certain that the option will be exercised. In addition, the Company has elected not to separate non-lease components from lease components.


28


Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets--Goodwill is tested at the reporting unit level. In assessing the recoverability of goodwill, the Company determines the fair value of its reporting units by utilizing a combination of both the income and market valuation approaches. The income approach estimates fair value based upon future revenue, expenses, and cash flows discounted to present value. The market valuation approach estimates fair value using market multipliers of various financial measures compared to a set of comparable public companies. The fair value calculated for each reporting unit is considered a Level 3 measurement within the fair value hierarchy. An impairment exists if the carrying value of the reporting unit is higher than its fair value. The Company will test goodwill for impairment more frequently if warranted by triggering events that indicate potential impairment. The Company completed its annual goodwill impairment test during the fourth quarter, using balances as of October 1.

The Company also tests indefinite-lived intangible assets, primarily trade names, for impairment on an annual basis during the fourth quarter of each year, using balances as of October 1, or more frequently as warranted by triggering events that indicate potential impairment. In assessing the recoverability of the trade names, the Company determines the fair value using an income approach. The income approach estimates fair value based upon future revenue and estimated royalty rates, discounted to present value. The fair value calculated for indefinite-lived intangible assets is considered a Level 3 measurement within the fair value hierarchy. An impairment exists if the carrying value of the trade names is higher than the fair value, and the Company would record an impairment charge for the difference.

Amortization is recorded and calculated for definite-lived intangible assets on a basis that reflects cash flows over the estimated useful lives. The estimated useful lives over which each intangible class is amortized is as follows:
Customer relationships
13 - 20 years
Patents17 years
Technology15 years
Trade names
5 - 20 years
Other
5 - 8 years

Definite-lived intangible assets are evaluated for impairment whenever a triggering event, including a significant change in the use of the asset or unexpected change in financial condition, occurs that indicates the carrying value may be impaired. The Company tests for impairment at the asset group level by comparing the carrying value of an asset group that includes the applicable definite lived intangible asset(s) to that asset group's undiscounted future cash flows. An impairment exists if the carrying value of the definite-lived intangible assets is higher than the fair value, and the Company would record an impairment charge for the difference.

Warranty Obligations--The Company provides warranties on most of its products. The warranty terms vary but are generally 2 years to 5 years from the date of manufacture or 1 year to 5 years from the date of installation. Provisions for estimated expenses related to product warranty are made at the time products are sold or when specific warranty issues are identified. These estimates are established using historical information about the nature, frequency, and average cost of warranty claims. The Company actively studies trends of warranty claims and takes actions to improve product quality and minimize warranty claims.

Income Taxes--Deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined based on the difference between the financial statement and tax basis of assets and liabilities and net operating loss and credit carry forwards using enacted tax rates in effect for the year in which the differences are expected to reverse. Valuation allowances are established when necessary to reduce deferred tax assets to the amounts expected to be realized. The Company records a liability for uncertain tax positions by establishing a more likely than not recognition threshold and measurement attribute for recognition and measurement of a tax position taken or expected to be taken in a tax return.

Defined Benefit Plans--The Company makes its determination for pension, post retirement, and post employment benefit plans liabilities based on management estimates and consultation with actuaries. The Company incorporates estimates and assumptions of future plan service costs, future interest costs on projected benefit obligations, rates of compensation increases, employee turnover rates, anticipated mortality rates, expected investment returns on plan assets, asset allocation assumptions of plan assets, and other factors.




29


Earnings Per Common Share--The Company utilizes the two-class method to compute earnings available to common shareholders. Under the two-class method, the Company allocates net earnings to each class of common stock and participating security as if all of the net earnings for the period had been distributed. The Company’s participating securities consist of share-based payment awards that contain a non-forfeitable right to receive dividends and therefore are considered to participate in undistributed earnings with common shareholders. Basic earnings per common share excludes dilution and is calculated by dividing net earnings allocated to common shares by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding for the period. Diluted earnings per common share is calculated by dividing net earnings allocable to common shares by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding for the period, as adjusted for the potential dilutive effect of non-participating share-based awards and non-employee deferred shares.

Translation of Foreign Currency Financial Statements--All assets and liabilities of foreign subsidiaries in a functional currency other than the U.S. dollar are translated at year-end exchange rates. All revenue and expense accounts are translated at average rates in effect during the respective period. Transaction gains and losses and highly inflationary accounting adjustments are included in “Foreign exchange expense” within the Company’s consolidated statements of income, as incurred.

In the second quarter of 2022, the Company concluded that Turkey represents a highly inflationary economy as its three-year cumulative inflation rate exceeded 100 percent. As a result, the Company started remeasuring the financial statements for the Company’s Turkish operations in accordance with the highly inflationary accounting rules in FASB ASC 830, Foreign Currency Matters, as of April 1, 2022. As a result, all gains and losses resulting from the remeasurement of the financial results of operations and other transactional foreign exchange gains and losses are reflected in earnings rather than as a component of the Company’s comprehensive income within shareholders’ equity. Additionally, the Company’s operations in Argentina have also been accounted for using the highly inflationary accounting rules since the date they were acquired in 2018.

Significant Estimates--The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States requires management to make significant estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of expenses during the reporting periods. Although the Company regularly assesses these estimates, actual results could materially differ. The Company bases its estimates on historical experience and various other assumptions that it believes to be reasonable under the circumstances.

2. ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS
Adoption of New Accounting Standards
In October 2021, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") 2021-08, Business Combinations (Topic 805): Accounting for Contract Assets and Contract Liabilities from Contracts with Customers. ASU 2021-08 requires entities to recognize and measure contracts on the acquisition date in accordance with ASC 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, as if it had originated the contracts. This will improve comparability after the business combination by providing consistent recognition and measurement guidance for revenue contracts with customers acquired in a business combination and revenue contracts with customers not acquired in a business combination. ASU 2021-08 is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2022 with early adoption permitted. ASU 2021-08 should be applied on a prospective basis to business combinations that occur after the effective date. The Company adopted this ASU on January 1, 2023, and it did not have a material impact on the Company's consolidated financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.

In September 2022, the FASB issued ASU 2022-04, Liabilities - Supplier Finance Programs (Subtopic 405-50): Disclosure of Supplier Finance Program Obligations. ASU 2022-04 creates the obligation for a company that uses a supplier finance program to purchase goods or services to disclose qualitative and quantitative information about its supplier finance program(s). This will allow financial statement users to better consider the effect of the program(s) on the entity's working capital, liquidity and cash flow over time. ASU 2022-04 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022, including interim periods within those fiscal years, except for the amendment on rollforward information, which is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2023 with early adoption permitted. ASU 2022-04 should be applied retrospectively to each period in which a balance sheet is presented except for the amendment on rollforward information, which should be applied prospectively. The Company adopted this ASU on January 1, 2023, and it did not have a material impact on the Company's consolidated financial position, results of operations, or cash flows, as the Company has no amounts outstanding under its current supplier finance program.

Accounting Standards Issued But Not Yet Adopted
In November 2023, the FASB issued ASU 2023-07, Segment Reporting (Topic 280): Improvements to Reportable Segment Disclosures. ASU 2023-07 is intended to improve reportable segment disclosure requirements, primarily through additional and more detailed information about a reportable segment's expenses. ASU 2023-07 is effective for fiscal years beginning after
30


December 15, 2023, and interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2024, with early adoption permitted. The guidance is to be applied retrospectively to all prior periods presented in the financial statements. The Company is still determining the date of adoption for this ASU, but does not anticipate the adoption to have a material impact on the Company's financial disclosures.

In December 2023, the FASB issued ASU 2023-09, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Improvements to Income Tax Disclosures. ASU 2023-09 is intended to enhance the transparency and decision usefulness of income tax disclosures. This amendment modifies the rules on income tax disclosures to require entities to disclose (1) specific categories in the rate reconciliation and additional information for reconciling items that meet a quantitative threshold, (2) the amount of income taxes paid (net of refunds received) (disaggregated by federal, state, and foreign taxes) as well as individual jurisdictions in which income taxes paid is equal to or greater than 5 percent of total income taxes paid net of refunds, (3) the income or loss from continuing operations before income tax expense or benefit (disaggregated between domestic and foreign) and (4) income tax expense or benefit from continuing operations (disaggregated by federal, state and foreign). ASU 2023-09 is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2024, with early adoption permitted. ASU 2023-09 should be applied on a prospective basis, while retrospective application is permitted. The Company is still determining the date of adoption for this ASU, but does not anticipate the adoption to have a material impact on the Company's financial disclosures.

3. ACQUISITIONS
2023
During the fourth quarter ended December 31, 2023, the Company acquired substantially all of the assets of Aqua Systems of Fort Myers, a water treatment systems distributor. In another separate transaction, the Company acquired substantially all of the assets of Action Manufacturing and Supply, Inc., a water treatment equipment provider located in southwest Florida. The Company also acquired, in a separate transaction, substantially all of the assets of LCA Pump, LLC, which operates Water Works Pump, a Missouri based professional groundwater distributor. The combined, all-cash purchase price for the acquisitions in the fourth quarter of 2023, was $34.9 million, including contingent consideration with an estimated fair value of $3.0 million, after purchase price adjustments based on the level of working capital acquired. The fair value of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed for all acquisitions is preliminary as of December 31, 2023.

During the first quarter ended March 31, 2023, the Company acquired substantially all of the assets of Phil-Good Products, Inc. ("Phil-Good"). Phil-Good is an injection molded plastics component manufacturer. In another separate transaction in the first quarter of 2023, the Company acquired 100 percent of the ownership interests of Hydropompe S.r.l. ("Hydropompe"). Hydropompe is a pump manufacturer with a focus in dewatering and sewage products. The combined, all-cash purchase price for both acquisitions in the first quarter of 2023 was $8.7 million after purchase price adjustments based on the level of working capital acquired. The fair value of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed for both acquisitions is preliminary as of December 31, 2023.

The Company has not presented separate results of operations of the acquired companies since the closing of the acquisitions or combined pro forma financial information of the Company and the acquired interests since the beginning of 2022, as the results of operations for all acquisitions in 2023 are immaterial.

2022
During the fourth quarter ended December 31, 2022, the Company acquired 100 percent of the ownership interests of Casper Well Products ("Casper") for a purchase price of $2.0 million after working capital adjustments. Casper conducts the sale and distribution of pumps, drilling equipment, tanks, pipe, accessories and other equipment used in drilling water wells and distribution of water-related products. The fair value of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed is final as of December 31, 2023. In addition, the Company has not presented separate results of operations of the acquired company since the closing of the acquisition or combined pro forma financial information of the Company and the acquired interest since the beginning of 2021, as the results of operations for this acquisition are immaterial.

2021
During the fourth quarter ended December 31, 2021, the Company acquired 100 percent of the ownership interests of B&R Industries, Inc. ("B&R"), a water treatment equipment provider located in Mesa, Arizona, for a cash purchase price of $16.3 million after purchase price adjustments based on the level of working capital acquired. B&R will be included as part of the Water Systems segment of the Company. The Company also acquired, in a separate transaction, 100 percent of the ownership interests of Blake Group Holdings, Inc. ("Blake"), a professional groundwater distributor operating in the northeast United States for a cash purchase price of $28.5 million after purchase price adjustments based on the level of working capital acquired. Blake is included as part of the Distribution segment of the Company. The fair value of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed for both acquisitions were considered final as of December 31, 2022.

31


During the third quarter ended September 30, 2021, the Company acquired 100 percent of the ownership interests of Minetuff Dewatering Pumps Australia Pty Ltd ("Minetuff") for a cash purchase price of $13.7 million after purchase price adjustments based on the level of working capital acquired. Minetuff manufactures and sells submersible pumps, spare parts, and accessories to the mining industry and expands the Company’s existing product offerings and channel access in the Water Systems segment. The fair value of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed for the acquisition were considered final as of September 30, 2022.

During the second quarter ended June 30, 2021, the Company acquired, in separate transactions, 100 percent of the ownership interests of Puronics, Inc. and its wholly owned subsidiaries ("Puronics"), headquartered in Livermore, California, and 100 percent of the ownership interests of New Aqua, LLC ("New Aqua") and its wholly owned subsidiaries, headquartered in Indianapolis, Indiana. Both Puronics and New Aqua are water treatment equipment providers and are included as a part of the Water Systems segment of the Company. In a separate transaction during the second quarter ended June 30, 2021, the Company acquired all of the assets of Power Integrity Services, LLC, a North Carolina-based company, which is included in the Fueling Systems segment of the Company.

In another separate transaction during the quarter ended June 30, 2021, the Company acquired all of the assets of Atlantic Turbine Pump, LLC, a Georgia-based company, which is included in the Distribution segment of the Company. The Company recorded fair values that exceeded the acquisition price by $0.4 million, representing a bargain purchase gain due to favorable market conditions that was recorded within the "Other income/(expense), net" line in the consolidated statements of income for the year ended December 31, 2021.

The combined, all-cash purchase price for all acquisitions in the second quarter of 2021 was $185.5 million after purchase price adjustments based on the level of working capital acquired. The fair value of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed for all acquisitions were considered final as of June 30, 2022.

The identifiable intangible assets recognized in the separate transactions in 2021 were $132.1 million and consist primarily of customer relationships and trade names from New Aqua of $93.2 million. The intangible assets are being amortized using the straight-line method over 12 - 20 years.

The goodwill of $66.0 million resulting from the acquisitions in 2021 consists primarily of expanded geographical presence and product channel expansion. Goodwill deductible for tax purposes is $62.7 million from the acquisitions in 2021. Goodwill was recorded in the Water Systems, Fueling Systems, and Distribution segments (see Note 6 - Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets).

The final purchase price assigned to the major identifiable assets acquired and liabilities assumed for all acquisitions in 2021 on an aggregated basis is as follows:
(In millions)
Assets:
Inventory$34.3 
Intangible assets132.1
Goodwill66.0
Other assets39.0
Total assets271.4
Liabilities27.0
Less: Bargain purchase gain0.4
Total consideration paid$244.0 

For all acquisitions in 2021, aggregated annual revenue for the full year 2020 was $191.3 million, which would be incremental to the Company's revenue had the acquisitions occurred on the first day of 2020. Since acquisition in 2021, aggregate revenue was $72.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2021. The Company has not presented separate results of operations since closing or combined pro forma financial information of the Company and the acquired interest since the beginning of 2020, as the results of operations for all acquisitions is immaterial to the Company's consolidated financials.



32


2020
During the fourth quarter ended December 31, 2020, the Company acquired 100 percent of the ownership interests of Gicon Pumps & Equipment, Inc., a professional groundwater distributor operating seven locations in the state of Texas for a purchase price of $28.1 million after working capital adjustments. The fair value of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed exceeded the purchase price by $6.1 million, representing a bargain purchase gain. This gain was attributable to favorable market conditions and is recorded within the "Other income/(expense), net" line in the consolidated statements of income for the year ended December 31, 2021.

Transaction costs for all acquisition-related activity were expensed as incurred under the guidance of FASB ASC Topic 805, Business Combinations. Transaction costs are included in the "Selling, general, and administrative expenses" line of the Company’s consolidated statements of income and were $0.3 million, $0.2 million, and $0.9 million for the years ended December 31, 2023, 2022, and 2021, respectively.

4. FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS
As of December 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022, the assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis were as set forth in the table below:
 
 
 
(In millions)
December 31, 2023Quoted Prices in Active Markets for Identical Assets (Level 1)Significant Other Observable Inputs (Level 2)Significant Unobservable Inputs (Level 3)
Assets:
Cash equivalents$10.9 $10.9 $ $ 
Share swap transaction$1.1 $1.1 $ $ 
Total assets$12.0 $12.0 $ $ 
Liabilities:
Contingent payments related to acquisition$3.0 $ $ $3.0 
Total liabilities$3.0 $ $ $3.0 
December 31, 2022Quoted Prices in Active Markets for Identical Assets (Level 1)Significant Other Observable Inputs (Level 2)Significant Unobservable Inputs (Level 3)
Assets:
Cash equivalents$7.9 $7.9 $ $ 
Total assets$7.9 $7.9 $ $ 
Liabilities:
Share swap transaction$0.1 $0.1 $ $ 
Total liabilities$0.1 $0.1 $ $ 

The Company’s Level 1 cash equivalents assets are generally comprised of foreign bank guaranteed certificates of deposit and short term deposits. The share swap transaction is recorded within the "Accounts Payable" and "Receivables" lines of the consolidated balance sheets and is further described in Note 5 - Financial Instruments.

The Company has no assets measured on a recurring basis classified as Level 2 excluding the recurring fair value measurements in the Company's pension and other retirement plans as discussed in Note 7 - Employee Benefit Plans.








33


The Company's Level 3 category includes contingent consideration related to acquisitions, which valuation inputs are unobservable and significant to the fair value measurement. Projections and estimated probabilities are used to estimate future contingent earn-out payments, which are discounted back to present value to compute contingent earn-out liabilities. The following table provides a roll-forward of the contingent consideration liability, which is included in other long-term liabilities in the consolidated balance sheets:
(In millions)2023
Fair value at beginning of period$ 
Additions$3.0 
Change in fair value recognized in earnings$ 
Payments$ 
Fair value at end of period$3.0 

Total debt, including current maturities, have carrying amounts of $100.5 million as of December 31, 2023 and $216.1 million at December 31, 2022. The estimated fair value of all debt was $98.6 million and $213.2 million as of December 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively. In the absence of quoted prices in active markets, considerable judgment is required in developing estimates of fair value. Estimates are not necessarily indicative of the amounts the Company could realize in a current market transaction. In determining the fair value of its debt, the Company uses estimates based on rates currently available to the Company for debt with similar terms and remaining maturities. Accordingly, the fair value of debt is classified as Level 2 within the valuation hierarchy.

5. FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS
The Company’s non-employee directors' deferred compensation stock program is subject to variable plan accounting and, accordingly, is adjusted for changes in the Company’s stock price at the end of each reporting period. The Company has entered into share swap transaction agreements (“the swap”) to mitigate the Company’s exposure to these fluctuations in the Company’s stock price. The swap has not been designated as a hedge for accounting purposes and is cancellable with 30 days written notice by either party. As of December 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022, the swap had a notional value based on 240,000 shares and 225,000 shares, respectively. For the years ended December 31, 2023, December 31, 2022, and December 31, 2021, the swap resulted in a gain of $2.5 million, a loss of $3.4 million, and a gain of $6.2 million, respectively. Gains and losses resulting from the swap were primarily offset by gains and losses on the fair value of the deferred compensation stock liability. All gains or losses and expenses related to the deferred compensation stock liability and the swap are recorded in the Company’s consolidated statements of income within the “Selling, general, and administrative expenses” line.

The Company is exposed to foreign currency exchange rate risk arising from transactions in the normal course of business including making sales and purchases of raw materials and finished goods in foreign denominated currencies with third party customers and suppliers as well as to wholly owned subsidiaries of the Company. To reduce its exposure to foreign currency exchange rate volatility, the Company enters into various forward currency contracts to offset these fluctuations. The Company uses forward currency contracts only in an attempt to limit underlying exposure from foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations and to minimize earnings volatility associated with foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations and has not elected to use hedge accounting. Decisions on whether to use such derivative instruments are primarily based on the amount of exposure to the currency involved and an assessment of the near-term market value for each currency. As of December 31, 2023, the Company had no foreign currency contracts outstanding. As of December 31, 2022, the Company had a notional amount of $10.3 million in forward currency contracts outstanding and the related fair value of those contracts was not material. For the years ended December 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022, the forward currency contracts resulted in gains of $1.6 million and $1.2 million, respectively. This is recorded in the Company's consolidated statements of income within the "Foreign exchange expense" line.










34


6. GOODWILL AND OTHER INTANGIBLE ASSETS
The carrying amounts of the Company’s intangible assets are as follows:
(In millions)20232022
Gross Carrying AmountAccumulated AmortizationGross Carrying AmountAccumulated Amortization
Amortizing intangibles:    
Customer relationships$263.7 $(