Company Quick10K Filing
Farmers & Merchants Bancorp
Price25.70 EPS1
Shares12 P/E19
MCap314 P/FCF16
Net Debt-115 EBIT34
TEV200 TEV/EBIT6
TTM 2019-09-30, in MM, except price, ratios
10-K 2020-12-31 Filed 2021-02-24
10-Q 2020-09-30 Filed 2020-10-28
10-Q 2020-06-30 Filed 2020-07-29
10-Q 2020-03-31 Filed 2020-04-29
10-K 2019-12-31 Filed 2020-02-26
10-Q 2019-09-30 Filed 2019-10-30
10-Q 2019-06-30 Filed 2019-07-24
10-Q 2019-03-31 Filed 2019-05-01
10-K 2018-12-31 Filed 2019-02-27
10-Q 2018-09-30 Filed 2018-10-24
10-Q 2018-06-30 Filed 2018-07-25
10-Q 2018-03-31 Filed 2018-04-25
10-K 2017-12-31 Filed 2018-02-28
10-Q 2017-09-30 Filed 2017-10-25
10-Q 2017-06-30 Filed 2017-07-26
10-Q 2017-03-31 Filed 2017-04-26
10-K 2016-12-31 Filed 2017-02-22
10-Q 2016-09-30 Filed 2016-10-26
10-Q 2016-06-30 Filed 2016-07-27
10-Q 2016-03-31 Filed 2016-04-27
10-K 2015-12-31 Filed 2016-02-24
10-Q 2015-09-30 Filed 2015-10-28
10-Q 2015-06-30 Filed 2015-07-29
10-Q 2015-03-31 Filed 2015-04-29
10-K 2014-12-31 Filed 2015-02-25
10-Q 2014-09-30 Filed 2014-10-29
10-Q 2014-06-30 Filed 2014-07-28
10-Q 2014-03-31 Filed 2014-04-28
10-K 2013-12-31 Filed 2014-02-26
10-Q 2013-09-30 Filed 2013-10-30
10-Q 2013-06-30 Filed 2013-07-31
10-Q 2013-03-31 Filed 2013-04-26
10-K 2012-12-31 Filed 2013-02-25
10-Q 2012-09-30 Filed 2012-10-29
10-Q 2012-06-30 Filed 2012-08-01
10-Q 2012-03-31 Filed 2012-04-30
10-K 2011-12-31 Filed 2012-02-24
10-Q 2011-09-30 Filed 2011-11-04
10-Q 2011-06-30 Filed 2011-08-04
10-Q 2011-03-31 Filed 2011-04-29
10-K 2010-12-31 Filed 2011-03-02
10-Q 2010-09-30 Filed 2010-11-05
10-Q 2010-06-30 Filed 2010-08-09
10-Q 2010-03-31 Filed 2010-04-29
10-K 2009-12-31 Filed 2010-02-26
8-K 2021-02-10 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2021-01-15 Other Events
8-K 2020-12-21 Enter Agreement, Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2020-11-20
8-K 2020-11-13
8-K 2020-10-21
8-K 2020-07-22
8-K 2020-04-24
8-K 2020-04-16
8-K 2020-02-05
8-K 2020-01-31
8-K 2020-01-17
8-K 2019-10-21
8-K 2019-09-05
8-K 2019-07-19
8-K 2019-04-26
8-K 2019-04-16
8-K 2019-02-13
8-K 2019-02-01
8-K 2019-01-18
8-K 2019-01-01
8-K 2018-10-18
8-K 2018-09-13
8-K 2018-08-20
8-K 2018-08-17
8-K 2018-07-18
8-K 2018-05-21
8-K 2018-04-19
8-K 2018-04-19
8-K 2018-02-08
8-K 2018-01-19

FMAO 10K Annual Report

Part III of Form 10 - K - Portions of The Definitive Proxy Statement for The 2021 Annual Meeting of Shareholders of Farmers & Merchants Bancorp, Inc.
Part I
Item 1. Business
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments
Item 2. Properties
Item 3. Legal Proceedings
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Part II
Item 5. Market for Registrant's Common Equity and Related Stockholder Matters
Item 6. Selected Financial Data
Item 7. Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Note 4 of The Consolidated Financial Statements May Also Be Reviewed for Additional Tables Dealing with The Bank's Loans and Alll.
Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 8. Financial Statements
Note 1 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Note 2 - Business Combination & Asset Purchase
Note 3 - Securities
Note 4 - Loans
Note 5 - Premises and Equipment
Note 6 - Servicing
Note 7 - Deposits
Note 8 - Federal Funds Purchased and Securities Sold Under Agreement To Repurchase
Note 9 - Federal Home Loan Bank Advances
Note 10 - Income Taxes
Note 11 - Employee Benefit Plans
Note 12 - Earnings per Share
Note 13 - Related Party Transactions
Note 14 - Off Balance Sheet Activities
Note 15 - Minimum Regulatory Capital Requirements
Note 16 - Restrictions of Dividends & Inter - Company Borrowings
Note 17 - Fair Value of Financial Instruments
Note 18 - Condensed Financial Statements of Parent Company
Note 19 - Quarterly Financial Data
Note 20 - Subsequent Events
Item 9. Change in and Disagreements with Accounting and Financial Disclosure
Item 9A. Controls and Procedures
Item 9B. Other Information
Part III
Item 10. Directors and Executive Officers of The Registrant
Item 11. Executive Compensation
Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters
Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions
Item 14. Principal Accountant Fees and Services
Part IV
Item 15. Exhibits and Financial Statements Schedules
Item 16. Form 10 - K Summary
EX-21 fmao-ex21_8.htm
EX-31.1 fmao-ex311_11.htm
EX-31.2 fmao-ex312_10.htm
EX-32.1 fmao-ex321_6.htm
EX-32.2 fmao-ex322_7.htm

Farmers & Merchants Bancorp Earnings 2020-12-31

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow

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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-K

 

Annual Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020

or

Transition Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the transition period from          to         

Commission File Number 001-38084

 

FARMERS & MERCHANTS BANCORP, INC.

 

OHIO

 

34-1469491

(State or other jurisdiction of

 

(IRS Employer

incorporation or organization)

 

Identification No.)

 

 

 

307 North Defiance Street

Archbold, Ohio

 

43502

(Address of principal

Executive offices)

 

(Zip Code)

 

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code (419) 446-2501

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

__________________________________

 

 

Title of each class

 

Trading Symbol(s)

 

Name of each exchange

Common Stock, No Par Value

 

FMAO

 

NASDAQ Capital Market

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Exchange Act.    Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company.  See the definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.  

 

Large accelerated filer 

 

Accelerated filer 

Non-accelerated filer 

 

Smaller reporting company 

Emerging growth company 

 

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).     Yes      No  

As of June 30, 2020, the aggregate market value of the registrant’s common stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant was $236,380,491.

As of February 19, 2021, the Registrant had 12,230,000 shares of common stock issued of which 11,196,744 shares are outstanding.

 

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

Part III of Form 10-K – Portions of the definitive Proxy Statement for the 2021 Annual Meeting of Shareholders of Farmers & Merchants Bancorp, Inc.

1


FARMERS & MERCHANTS BANCORP, INC.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

Form 10‑K Items

 

PAGE

 

 

 

Item 1.

Business

3-10

 

 

 

Item 1a.

Risk Factors

10-17

 

 

 

Item 1b.

Unresolved Staff Comments

17

 

 

 

Item 2.

Properties

18

 

 

 

Item 3.

Legal Proceedings

19

 

 

 

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

19

 

 

 

Item 5.

Market for Registrant’s Common Equity and Related Stockholder Matters

20-21

 

 

 

Item 6.

Selected Financial Data

21-22

 

 

 

Item 7.

Management Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

22-47

 

 

 

Item 7a.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

48

 

 

 

Item 8.

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

49-105

 

 

 

Item 9.

Changes In and Disagreements on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

106

 

 

 

Item9a.

Controls and Procedures

106

 

 

 

Item 9b.

Other Information

106

 

 

 

Item 10.

Directors and Executive Officers of the Registrant

107-108

 

 

 

Item 11.

Executive Compensation

109

 

 

 

Item 12.

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management

109

 

 

 

Item 13.

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions

109

 

 

 

Item 14.

Principal Accountant Fees and Services

110

 

 

 

Item 15.

Exhibits, Financial Schedules and Reports on Form 8-K

111

 

 

 

Item 16.

Form 10-K Summary

112

 

 

 

Signatures

 

113

 

 

 

Exhibit 21.

Subsidiaries of Farmers & Merchants Bancorp, Inc.

114

 

 

 

Exhibit 31.

Certifications Under Section 302

115-116

 

 

 

Exhibit 32.

Certifications Under Section 906

117-118

 

 

 

Exhibit 101.INS

Inline XBRL Instance Document – The instance document does not appear in the Interactive Data File because its XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document. (1)

 

Exhibit 101.SCH

Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document (1)

 

Exhibit 101.CAL

Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document (1)

 

Exhibit 101.DEF

Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document (1)

 

Exhibit 101.LAB

Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document (1)

 

Exhibit 101.PRE

Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document (1)

 

 

 

 

(1) Pursuant to Rule 406T of Regulation S-T, the interactive Data Files in Exhibit 101 hereto are deemed not filed or part of a registration statement or prospectus for purposes of Sections 11 or 12 of the Securities act of 1933, as amended, are deemed not filed for purposes of Section 18 of the Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and otherwise are not subject to liability under those sections.

 

 

 

Total Pages:

 

118

 

2


Forward Looking Statements

Statements contained in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K may be forward-looking statements, as that term is defined in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995.  Forward-looking statements may be identified by the use of such words as "intend," "believe," "expect," "anticipate," "should," "planned," "estimated," and "potential."  Such forward-looking statements are based on current expectations but may differ materially from those currently anticipated due to a number of factors, which include, but are not limited to, factors discussed in documents filed by the Company with the Securities and Exchange Commission from time to time.  Other factors which could have a material adverse effect on the operations of the Company and its subsidiaries which include, but are not limited to, changes in interest rates, general economic conditions, legislative and regulatory changes, monetary and fiscal policies of the U.S. Government, including policies of the U.S. Treasury and the Federal Reserve Board, the quality and composition of the loan or investment portfolios, demand for loan products, deposit flows, competition, demand for financial services in the Bank's market area, changes in relevant accounting principles and guidelines and other factors over which management has no control.  The forward-looking statements are made as of the date of this report, and the Company assumes no obligation to update the forward-looking statements or to update the reasons why actual results could differ from those projected in the forward-looking statements.

 

PART I

ITEM 1. BUSINESS

General

Farmers & Merchants Bancorp, Inc. (Company) is a bank holding company incorporated under the laws of Ohio in 1985 and elected to become a financial holding company under the Federal Reserve in 2014.  Our primary subsidiary, The Farmers & Merchants State Bank (Bank) is a community bank operating in Northwest Ohio and Northeast Indiana since 1897.  Our other subsidiary, Farmers & Merchants Risk Management (Captive) is a captive insurance company formed in December 2014 and located in Nevada. We report our financial condition and net income on a consolidated basis and we report only one segment.

Our executive offices are located at 307 North Defiance Street, Archbold, Ohio 43502, and our telephone number is                  (419) 446-2501.

For a discussion of the general development of the Company’s business throughout 2020, please see the portion of Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations captioned “2020 in Review.”

Nature of Activities

The Farmers & Merchants State Bank engages in general commercial banking business. Its activities include commercial, agricultural and residential mortgage as well as consumer and credit card lending activities.  Because the Bank's offices are located in Northwest Ohio and Northeast Indiana, a substantial amount of the loan portfolio is comprised of loans made to customers in the farming industry for such things as farm land, farm equipment, livestock and operating loans for seed, fertilizer, and feed. Other types of lending activities include loans for home improvements and loans for such items as autos, trucks, recreational vehicles and motorcycles.  With the expansion into newer market areas, the most recent increases in loan activity have been in commercial real estate, providing operating lines of credit and machinery purchases. During 2020, the Bank opened Loan Production Offices (LPOs) to extend the F&M footprint in Muncie, Indiana, Oxford, Ohio and West Bloomfield, Michigan.

The Bank also provides checking account services, as well as savings and time deposit services such as certificates of deposits. In addition, Automated Teller Machines (ATMs) or Interactive Teller Machines (ITMs) are provided at most branch locations along with other independent locations in the market area. The Bank has custodial services for Individual Retirement Accounts (IRAs) and Health Savings Accounts (HSAs).  The Bank provides on-line banking access for consumer and business customers. For consumers, this includes bill-pay, on-line statement opportunities and mobile banking. For business customers, it provides the option of electronic transaction origination such as wire and Automated Clearing House (ACH) file transmittal.  In addition, the Bank offers remote deposit capture or electronic deposit processing and merchant credit card services.  Upgrades to our digital products and services continue to occur in both retail and business lines.

The Bank has established underwriting policies and procedures which facilitate operating in a safe and sound manner in accordance with supervisory and regulatory guidance. Within this sphere of safety and soundness, the Bank's practice has been to not promote innovative, unproven credit products which may not be in the best interest of the Bank or its customers. The Bank does offer a hybrid mortgage loan. Hybrid loans are loans that start out as a fixed rate mortgage but after a set number of years automatically adjust to an adjustable rate mortgage. In order to offer longer term fixed rate mortgages, the Bank does participate in the Freddie Mac, Farmer Mac and Small Business Lending programs. The Bank also normally retains the servicing rights on these partially or 100% sold loans. In order for the customer to participate in these programs they must meet the requirements established by those agencies. In addition, the Bank does sell some of its longer term fixed rate agricultural mortgages into the secondary market with the aid of a broker.

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The Bank does not have a program to fund sub-prime loans. Sub-prime loans are characterized as a lending program or strategy that targets borrowers who pose a significantly higher risk of default than traditional retail banking customers.

All loan requests are reviewed as to credit worthiness and are subject to the Bank's underwriting guidelines as to secured versus unsecured credit. Secured loans are in turn subject to loan to value (LTV) requirements based on collateral types as set forth in the Bank's Loan Policy. In addition, credit scores of those seeking consumer credit are reviewed and if they do not meet the Bank's Loan Policy guidelines an additional officer approval is required.

Consumer Loans:

 

Maximum loan to value (LTV) for cars, SUVs, and trucks is 110% depending on whether direct or indirect.  

 

Loans above 100% are generally the result of additional charges for extended warranties and/or insurance coverage for wage or death.

 

Boats, campers, motorcycles, RV's and Motor Coaches range from 80%-90% based on age of vehicle.

 

1st or 2nd mortgages on 1-4 family homes range from 75%-90% with "in-house" first real estate mortgages requiring private mortgage insurance on those exceeding 80% LTV.

 

Raw land LTV maximum ranges from 65%-75% depending on whether or not the property has been improved.

Commercial/Agriculture:

Accounts Receivable:

 

Up to 80% LTV less retainages and greater than 90 days.

Inventory:

 

Agriculture:

 

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Livestock and grain up to 80% LTV, crops (insured) up to 75% and Warehouse Receipts up to 87%.

 

Commercial:

 

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Maximum LTV of 50% on raw and finished goods.

 

Floor plan:

 

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New/used vehicles to 100% of wholesale.

 

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New/Used recreational vehicles and manufactured homes to 80% of wholesale.

Equipment:

 

New NTE 80% of invoice, used NTE 50% of listed book or 75% of appraised value.

 

Restaurant equipment up to 35% of market value.

 

Heavy trucks, titled trailers NTE 75% LTV and aircraft up to 75% of appraised value.

Real Estate:

 

Maximum LTVs range from 70%-80% depending on type

 

Maximum LTV on non-traditional loan up to 85%

FM Investment Services, the brokerage department of the Bank, has served the Bank’s customers, providing investment services, since April of 1999. In November of 2020, FM Investment Services purchased the assets and clients of Adams County Financial Resources (ACFR) which is discussed in further detail in Note 2 to the Company’s financial statements. Securities are offered through Raymond James Financial Services, Inc.

In December of 2014, the Company became a financial holding company within the meaning of the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956 as amended, in order to provide the flexibility to take advantage of the expanded powers available to a financial holding company under the Act.  Our subsidiary Bank is in turn regulated and examined by the Ohio Division of Financial Institutions and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. The activities of our Bank subsidiary are also subject to other federal and state laws and regulations. The Company also formed a Captive insurance company in December 2014. The Captive is located in Nevada and regulated by the State of Nevada Division of Insurance.

The Bank’s primary market includes communities located in the Ohio counties of Defiance, Fulton, Hancock, Henry, Lucas, Williams, Wood and in the Indiana counties of Adams, Allen, DeKalb, Jay and Steuben. The commercial banking business in this market is highly competitive, with approximately 34 other depository institutions currently doing business in the Bank’s primary market.  In our banking activities, we compete directly with other commercial banks, credit unions, farm credit services, and savings and loan institutions in each of our operating localities.  In a number of our locations, we compete against entities which are much larger than us, including Huntington National Bank, Fifth Third Bank, PNC, Wells Fargo Bank, NA, KeyBank NA and JPMorgan Chase Bank, NA.  Based on deposit data as of June 30, 2020 from the FDIC and using zip codes in our markets, the Bank ranked 1st with a 15.05% market share in markets served.  The primary factors in competing for loans and deposits are the rates charged as well as location and quality of the services provided.  

At December 31, 2020, we had 367 full time equivalent employees.  The employees are not represented by a collective bargaining unit.  We provide our employees with a comprehensive benefit program, some of which is contributory.  We consider our employee relations to be good.

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Supervision and Regulation

General

The Company is a corporation organized under the laws of the State of Ohio.  The business in which the Company and its subsidiaries are engaged is subject to extensive supervision, regulation and examination by various bank regulatory authorities.  The supervision, regulation and examination to which the Company and its subsidiaries are subject to are intended primarily for the protection of depositors and the deposit insurance funds that insure the deposits of banks, rather than for the protection of shareholders.

Several of the more significant regulatory provisions applicable to banks and bank holding companies to which the Company and its subsidiaries are subject to are discussed below along with certain regulatory matters concerning the Company and its subsidiaries.  To the extent that the following information describes statutory or regulatory provisions, it is qualified in its entirety by reference to the particular statutory provisions.  Any change in applicable law or regulation may have a material effect on the business and prospects of the Company and its subsidiaries.

Safety and Soundness Standards

The federal banking agencies have adopted guidelines that establish operational and managerial standards to promote the safety and soundness of federally insured depository institutions.  The guidelines set forth standards for internal controls, information systems, internal audit systems, loan documentation, credit underwriting, interest rate exposure, asset growth, compensation, fees and benefits, asset quality and earnings.

In general, the safety and soundness guidelines prescribe the goals to be achieved in each area, and each institution is responsible for establishing its own procedures to achieve those goals.  If an institution fails to comply with any of the standards set forth in the guidelines, the institution’s primary federal regulator may require the institution to submit a plan for achieving and maintaining compliance.  If an institution fails to submit an acceptable compliance plan, or fails in any material respect to implement a compliance plan that has been accepted by its primary federal regulator, the regulator is required to issue an order directing the institution to cure the deficiency.  Until the deficiency cited in the regulator’s order is cured, the regulator may restrict the institution’s rate of growth, require the institution to increase its capital, restrict the rates the institution pays on deposits or require the institution to take any action the regulator deems appropriate under the circumstances.  Noncompliance with the standards established by the safety and soundness guidelines may also constitute grounds for other enforcement action by the federal banking regulators, including cease and desist orders and civil money penalty assessments.

Regulatory Agencies

The Company is a financial holding company and is subject to inspection, examination and supervision by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (the “Federal Reserve Board”) pursuant to the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956, as amended. As a financial holding company, the Company is still subject to all the bank holding company regulations.

The Bank is an Ohio chartered commercial bank.  It is subject to regulation and examination by both the Ohio Division of Financial Institutions (ODFI) and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC).

The Captive is an insurance company incorporated in Nevada and regulated by the State of Nevada, Division of Insurance.

Holding Company Activities

As a financial holding company incorporated and doing business within the State of Ohio, the Company is subject to regulation and supervision under the Bank Holding Act of 1956, as amended (the "Act").  The Company is required to file with the Federal Reserve Board on quarterly basis information pursuant to the Act.  The Federal Reserve Board may conduct examinations or inspections of the Company and its subsidiaries.  

On November 12, 1999, the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act (the "GLB Act") was enacted into law.  The GLB Act made sweeping changes with respect to the permissible financial services which various types of financial institutions may provide.  The Glass-Steagall Act, which had generally prevented banks from affiliation with securities and insurance firms, was repealed.  Pursuant to the GLB Act, bank holding companies may elect to become a "financial holding company," provided that all of the depository institution subsidiaries of the bank holding company are “well capitalized” and “well managed” under applicable regulatory standards.  

Under the GLB Act, a bank holding company that has elected to become a financial holding company may affiliate with securities firms and insurance companies and engage in other activities that are financial in nature.  Activities that are "financial in nature" include securities underwriting, dealing and market-making, sponsoring mutual funds and investment companies, insurance underwriting and agency, merchant banking, and activities that the Federal Reserve Board has determined to be closely related to banking.  Federal Reserve Board approval is not required for the Company to acquire a company, other than a bank holding company, bank or savings association, engaged in activities that are financial in nature or incidental to activities that are

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financial in nature, as determined by the Federal Reserve Board.  Prior Federal Reserve Board approval is required before the Company may acquire the beneficial ownership or control of more than 5% of the voting shares, or substantially all of the assets, of a bank holding company, bank or savings association.  If any subsidiary bank of the Company ceases to be "well capitalized" or "well managed" under applicable regulatory standards, the Federal Reserve Board may, among other actions, order the Company to divest the subsidiary bank.  Alternatively, the Company may elect to conform its activities to those permissible for a bank holding company that is not also a financial holding company.  If any subsidiary bank of the Company receives a rating under the Community Reinvestment Act of 1977 of less than satisfactory, the Company will be prohibited from engaging in new activities or acquiring companies other than bank holding companies, banks or savings associations.  

Affiliate Transactions

Various governmental requirements, including Sections 23A and 23B of the Federal Reserve Act and Regulation W promulgated thereunder limit borrowings by holding companies and non-bank subsidiaries from affiliated insured depository institutions, and also limit various other transactions between holding companies and their non-bank subsidiaries, on the one hand, and their affiliated insured depository institutions on the other.  Section 23A of the Federal Reserve Act also generally requires that an insured depository institution's loans to its non-bank affiliates be secured, and Section 23B of the Federal Reserve Act generally requires that an insured depository institution's transactions with its non-bank affiliates be on arms-length terms.

Interstate Banking and Branching

Under the Riegle-Neal Interstate Banking and Branching Efficiency Act ("Riegle-Neal"), subject to certain concentration limits and other requirements, adequately capitalized bank holding companies such as the Company are permitted to acquire banks and bank holding companies located in any state.  Any bank that is a subsidiary of a bank holding company is permitted to receive deposits, renew time deposits, close loans, service loans and receive loan payments as an agent for any other bank subsidiary of that bank holding company.  Banks are permitted to acquire branch offices outside their home states by merging with out-of-state banks, purchasing branches in other states and establishing de novo branch offices in other states.  The Company could from time to time use Riegle-Neal to acquire banks in additional states.  

Control Acquisitions

The Change in Bank Control Act prohibits a person or group of persons from acquiring "control" of a bank holding company, unless the Federal Reserve Board has been notified and has not objected to the transaction.  Under the rebuttable presumption established by the Federal Reserve Board, the acquisition of 10% or more of a class of voting stock of a bank holding company with a class of securities registered under Section 12 of the Exchange Act, such as the Company, would, under the circumstances set forth in the presumption, constitute acquisition of control of the bank holding company.  In addition, a company is required to obtain the approval of the Federal Reserve Board under the Bank Holding Company Act before acquiring 25% (5% in the case of an acquirer that is a bank holding company) or more of any class of outstanding voting stock of a bank holding company, or otherwise obtaining control or a "controlling influence" over that bank holding company.

Liability for Banking Subsidiaries

Under the current Federal Reserve Board policy, a bank holding company is expected to act as a source of financial and managerial strength to each of its subsidiary banks and to maintain resources adequate to support each subsidiary bank.  This support may be required at times when the bank holding company may not have the resources to provide it.  In the event of a bank holding company's bankruptcy, any commitment by the bank holding company to a U.S. federal bank regulatory agency to maintain the capital of a subsidiary bank would be assumed by the bankruptcy trustee and entitled to priority of payment.  Any depository institution insured by the FDIC can be held liable for any loss incurred, or reasonably expected to be incurred, by the FDIC in connection with (1) the "default" of a commonly controlled FDIC-insured depository institution; or (2) any assistance provided by the FDIC to both a commonly controlled FDIC-insured depository institution "in danger of default."  The Bank is an FDIC-insured depository institution.  If a default occurred with respect to the Bank, any capital loans to the Bank from its parent holding company would be subordinate in right of payment to payment of the Bank's depositors and certain of its other obligations.

Regulatory Capital Requirements

The Company is required by the various regulatory authorities to maintain certain capital levels.  Bank holding companies are required to maintain minimum levels of capital in accordance with Federal Reserve Board capital adequacy guidelines.  If capital falls below minimum guideline levels, a bank holding company, among other things, may be denied approval to acquire or establish additional banks or non‑bank businesses.  The required capital levels along with the Bank’s capital position at December 31, 2020 and 2019 are summarized in the table included in Note 15 to the consolidated financial statements.

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Beginning in 2015, the Company and Bank were required to measure capital adequacy using Basel III accounting. Basel III is a comprehensive set of reform measures, developed by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision, to strengthen the regulation, supervision and risk management of the banking sector. Implementation of the rules is overseen by the Federal Reserve, the FDIC and the OCC.

FDICIA

The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation Improvement Act of 1991 ("FDICIA"), and the regulations promulgated under FDICIA, among other things, established five capital categories for insured depository institutions-well capitalized, adequately capitalized, undercapitalized, significantly undercapitalized and critically undercapitalized-and requires U.S. federal bank regulatory agencies to implement systems for "prompt corrective action" for insured depository institutions that do not meet minimum capital requirements based on these categories.  Unless a bank is well capitalized, it is subject to restrictions on its ability to offer brokered deposits and on certain other aspects of its operations.  An undercapitalized bank must develop a capital restoration plan and its parent bank holding company must guarantee the bank's compliance with the plan up to the lesser of 5% of the bank’s assets at the time it became undercapitalized and the amount needed to comply with the plan.   As of December 31, 2020, the Bank was well capitalized pursuant to these prompt corrective action guidelines.

Dividend Restrictions

The ability of the Company to obtain funds for the payment of dividends and for other cash requirements will be largely dependent on the amount of dividends which may be declared by its banking subsidiary, which are limited to the Bank’s retained earnings during the current year and its prior two years. Various U.S. federal statutory provisions limit the amount of dividends the Company's banking subsidiary can pay to the Company without regulatory approval.  In 2009, The Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve Division of Banking Supervision and Regulation issued SR09-4 regarding the safe and sound payment of dividends by bank holding companies. See Note 16 to the consolidated financial statements for additional information on applicable dividend restrictions.

Deposit Insurance Assessments

The deposits of the Bank are insured up to the regulatory limits set by the FDIC.   The FDIC maintains the Deposit Insurance fund (“DIF”) by assessing depository institutions an insurance premium (assessment).  The amount assessed to each institution is based on statutory factors that take into consideration the degree of risk the institution poses to the DIF.   The primary purposes of the DIF are to (1) insure the deposits and protect the depositors of insured depository institutions; and (2) resolve failed banks.   The DIF is primarily funded through quarterly assessments on insured depository institutions, but it also earns interest income on its securities.   Decreases in the DIF result from loss provisions associated with the resolution of failed banks and FDIC operating expenses.  

The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010 (“Dodd-Frank Act”) revised the statutory authorities governing the FDIC’s management of the DIF.  A key requirement from the Dodd-Frank Act resulted in the FDIC’s adoption of new rules in February 2011 regarding Assessments, Dividends, Assessment Base, and Large Bank Pricing.   The new rules implemented the following changes:   (1) redefined the definition of an institution’s deposit insurance assessment base from one based on domestic deposits to one based on assets now defined as “average consolidated total assets minus average tangible equity”; (2) changed the assessment rate adjustments to better account for risk based on an institution’s funding sources; (3) revised the deposit insurance assessment rate schedule in light of the new assessment base and assessment rate adjustments; (4) implemented Dodd-Frank Act dividend provisions; (5) revised the large insured depository institution assessment system to better differentiate for risk and to take into account losses the FDIC may incur from large institution failures; and (6) provided technical and other changes to the FDIC’s assessment rules.  Though deposit insurance assessments maintain a risk-based approach, the FDIC imposed a more extensive risk-based assessment system on large insured depository institutions with at least $10 billion in total assets since they are more complex in nature and could pose greater risk.  The rules became effective April 1, 2011 implementing the revised assessment rate schedule for the quarter beginning April 1, 2011.   The revised assessment rate schedule was used to calculate the June 30, 2011 assessments which were due September 30, 2011 and subsequent quarterly assessments thereafter.  

The Dodd-Frank Act permanently raised the standard maximum deposit insurance coverage amount to $250,000 and applies per depositor, per insured depository institution for each account ownership category.

Depositor Preference Statute

In the "liquidation or other resolution" of an institution by any receiver, U.S. federal legislation provides that deposits and certain claims for administrative expenses and employee compensation against the insured depository institution would be afforded a priority over general unsecured claims against that institution, including federal funds and letters of credit.

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Government Monetary Policy

The earnings of the Company are affected primarily by general economic conditions and to a lesser extent by the fiscal and monetary policies of the federal government and its agencies, particularly the Federal Reserve.  Its policies influence, to some degree, the volume of bank loans and deposits, and interest rates charged and paid thereon, and thus have an effect on the earnings of the Company's subsidiary Bank.  

Additional Regulation

Provisions of the Dodd-Frank Act have resulted in additional rulemaking by the federal regulatory agencies and new rules yet to be issued. Implementing the new and expanded regulations involved extreme diligence to ensure compliance with the complexities of the rules, as well as extensive new disclosure and reporting requirements.

The Dodd-Frank Act created an independent regulatory body, the Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection (“Bureau”), with authority and responsibility to set rules and regulations for most consumer protection laws applicable to all banks – large and small – which added another regulator to scrutinize and police financial activities. Transfer to the Bureau of all consumer financial protection functions for designated laws by the other federal agencies was completed in July 2011.   The Bureau was given responsibility for mortgage reform and enforcement, as well as broad new powers over consumer financial activities, including consumer financial products and services and how they are provided.

In accordance with the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Financial Modernization Act of 1999 (the “GLB Act”), federal banking regulators adopted rules that limit the ability of banks and other financial institutions to disclose non-public information about consumers to non-affiliated third parties.  These limitations require disclosure of privacy policies to consumers and, in some circumstances, allow consumers to prevent disclosure of certain personal information to a non-affiliated third party.  The privacy provisions of the GLB Act affect how consumer information is transmitted through diversified financial companies and conveyed to outside vendors.

A major focus of governmental policy on financial institutions has been aimed at combating money laundering and terrorist financing.  The USA PATRIOT Act of 2001 (the “USA Patriot Act”) substantially broadened the scope of United States anti-money laundering laws and regulations by imposing significant new compliance and due diligence obligations, creating new crimes and penalties and expanding the extra-territorial jurisdiction of the United States.  The U. S. Treasury Department has issued a number of regulations that apply various requirements of the USA Patriot Act to financial institutions such as the Bank.  These regulations impose obligations on financial institutions to maintain appropriate policies, procedures and controls to detect, prevent and report money laundering and terrorist financing and to verify the identity of their customers.  Failure of a financial institution to maintain and implement adequate programs to combat money laundering and terrorist financing, or to comply with all of the relevant laws or regulations, could have serious legal and reputational consequences for the institution.

Significant mortgage rules mandated by the Dodd-Frank Act provisions were enacted in response to the breakdown in the mortgage lending markets and to provide for consumer protections. Final rules issued by the Bureau or jointly with other regulatory agencies implemented requirements under the Dodd-Frank Act regarding mortgage-related matters such as ability-to-repay, qualified mortgage standards, mortgage servicing, mortgage loan originator compensation, escrow requirements for higher-priced mortgage loans, and providing appraisals.  These mortgage rules addressed problems consumers faced in the three major steps in buying a home – shopping for a mortgage, closing on a mortgage, and paying off a mortgage.  

Final rules and amendments to the integrated mortgage disclosure rules under the Real Estate Settlement Act (RESPA) and Truth in Lending Act (TILA) became effective in October 2015.  The TILA-RESPA Integrated Disclosure rule commonly referred to as TRID combined required disclosures into two single forms: 1) The Loan Estimate which is provided shortly after a mortgage loan application and 2) The Closing Disclosure which is provided prior to loan consummation.  In addition, a mandated appraisal notice under the Equal Credit Opportunity Act and the servicing application disclosure under RESPA were also combined into the new integrated disclosures.  Process and procedural adjustments were necessary to appropriately implement the new requirements. Implementation to achieve TRID compliance involved extensive collaboration with the Mortgage Loan Origination software vendor, as well as outreach and coordination efforts with real estate agents, attorneys, and closing agents to cultivate preparedness for the new integrated mortgage loan disclosure forms.  Amendments to the TRID rules effective in October 2017 with a mandatory compliance in October 2018 were intended to provide further clarity to certain provisions.  Remaining attentive to the complexities of the TRID rules will ensure practices and procedures remain compliant and not subject the Bank to unnecessary liability.  

Final rules, mostly effective in October 2015, were issued by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (FRB), the Farm Credit Administration, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC), the National Credit Union Administration (NCUA), and the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC) to implement provisions of the Homeowner Flood Insurance Affordability Act of 2014 (HFIAA) and the Biggert-Waters Flood Insurance Reform Act of 2012 (the Biggert-Waters Act).   These provisions amended regulations which apply to loans secured by properties located in special flood hazard areas. Final rules for acceptance of private flood insurance policies became effective on July 1, 2019.  Fines and penalties continue to be assessed by regulators for non-compliance with flood insurance requirements promote a continued focus on adherence to the flood rules and requirements.

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The Department of Defense (DOD) rules amending its regulation that implements the Military Lending Act (MLA) became effective in October 2016.  The MLA enacted as part of the John Warner National Defense Act of 2007, significantly expanded the scope of the Act to cover all consumer credit except residential mortgages and purchase money loans.  Compliance requirements for credit cards became effective in October 2017. Coverage applies to consumer credit defined as “credit offered or extended for personal, family, or household purpose and that is subject to a finance charge or payable by written agreement in more than four installments.”  A covered borrower is a consumer who at the time of becoming obligated on a consumer credit transaction or establishing an account for consumer credit, is a covered member or dependent (including a spouse) of a covered member.   A covered member is a member of the armed forces serving on active duty or active guard or reserve duty.

Providing a loan to a MLA-covered borrower that exceeds the 36% Military Annual Percentage Rate is prohibited.  Any covered loans made without providing proper disclosures or in violation of the MLA is void.  Creditors who knowingly or willfully violate the rules could be subject to a fine, imprisonment up to one year or both.   Reliance on and collaboration with Loan Origination System vendors for assistance with calculations and required disclosures along with an efficient and effective process for identifying covered borrowers remains the best defense to prevent violations.  

Under the TILA Ability to Repay requirements, the Bank meets the criteria to qualify as a small creditor based on the number of first-lien mortgage loans transactions and due to its asset size; however it is not a creditor that operates predominantly in rural or underserved areas. The Bank focuses on Qualified Mortgage (QM) status for mortgage loans originated as they provide certain presumptions of compliance under the Ability to Repay rules adopted under the Dodd-Frank Act.   In satisfying QM requirements, any mortgage lender regardless of their size can make loans which are entitled to the QM presumption of compliance.  

Revised Regulation C rules which implement the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act (HMDA) published by the Bureau become effective on January 1, 2018 for reportable loan applications.  Dodd-Frank Act provisions added new data points for HMDA and authorized the Bureau to require additional information.  The types of transactions reportable have expanded to include most consumer purpose transactions that are dwelling-secured loans or open-end lines of credit. Reportable data points were significantly expanded to 52 fields which included applicant age, credit score, automated underwriting system information, property value, application channel, points and fees, borrower-paid origination charges, discount points, lender credits, loan term, prepayment penalty, interest rate, loan originator identifier, as well as other data fields.   Ethnicity categories were expanded to include certain subcategories along with a means to capture information on how an applicant’s or borrower’s ethnicity, race, and sex were collected by the institution.  A thorough review and validation of data fields to be reported for each application was conducted throughout the year.  Year-end submission of HMDA data will utilize the web-based tool developed by the Bureau.      

Enactment of the Economic Growth, Regulatory Relief and Consumer Protection Act (EGRRCPA) on May 24, 2018, resulted in a regulatory reform law deemed to be relief from certain burdensome provisions of the Dodd-Frank Act.  The EGRRCPA included provisions with various effective dates, including some that were effective immediately.  Matters impacted included access to mortgage credit; access to credit; protections for veterans, consumers, and homeowners; rules for holding companies; capital access; and protections for student borrowers.  Though effective immediately, conforming regulations were required for certain provisions such as Reciprocal Deposits, Examination Cycles, and High Volatility Commercial Real Estate (HVCRE).  The Protecting Tenants in Foreclosure Act was restored and permanently extended as of June 23, 2018.  An interim final rule was jointly issued by the OCC, FRB, and FDIC allowing an extended examination cycle for qualifying insured depository institutions with less than $3 billion in total assets.  Effective September 21, 2018, consumers could freeze their credit information and place one-year fraud alerts for free.  Additionally, parents can freeze the credit information of their children under age 16 for free.  In some instances, regulators still need to issue proposals, provide guidance, and publish final rules for various provisions.  Thus, issuance of guidance and final rules must be monitored in order to be effectively implemented.

Unfair or deceptive acts or practices (UDAP) standards originally developed years ago by the Federal Trade Commission focused on unacceptable practices that may not specifically be addressed elsewhere in banking or consumer finance law.  Banking regulatory agencies have increasingly used this authority over the years to address acts or practices that are deemed harmful, deceptive, or misleading to consumers.  The authority of the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) for credit practice rules was repealed as a result of the Dodd-Frank Act.  Guidance issued collectively by the FDIC, FRB, the Bureau, NCUA, and OCC in August 2014 clearly indicated certain consumer credit practices were not permissible and remained subject to Section 5 of the Federal Trade Commission Act, as well as Sections 1031 and 1036 of the Dodd-Frank Act.  The interagency guidance further noted that the Agencies will continue to have supervisory authority and enforcement authority for unfair or deceptive acts or practices, which could include those practices previously addressed in the former credit practices rules.  Awareness of UDAP standards, and the Bureau’s unfair, deceptive or abusive acts or practices (UDAAP) in relation to the offering and marketing of Bank products and services remains important.

The Bank is also subject to federal regulation relating to such matters as required reserves, limitation as to the nature and amount of its loans and investments, regulatory approval of any merger or consolidation, issuance or retirement of their own securities, limitations upon the payment of dividends and other aspects of banking operations.  In addition, the activities and operations of the Bank are subject to numerous additional detailed, complex and sometimes overlapping laws and regulations.

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These include state usury and consumer credit laws, state laws relating to fiduciaries, the federal Equal Credit Opportunity Act and Regulation B, the federal Electronic Funds Transfer Act and Regulation E, the federal Fair Credit Reporting Act and Regulation V, the federal Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA) and Regulation X, the federal Truth in Lending Act and Regulation Z, the federal Truth in Savings Act and Regulation DD, the Bank Secrecy Act, the federal Community Reinvestment Act, anti-discrimination laws and legislation, and antitrust laws.

Future Legislation

Changes to the laws and regulations, both at the federal and state levels, can affect the operating environment of the Company and its subsidiaries in substantial and unpredictable ways.  The Company cannot accurately predict whether those changes in laws and regulations will occur, and, if those changes occur, the ultimate effect they would have upon the financial condition or results of operations of the Company or its subsidiaries.  

Available Information

The Company maintains an Internet web site at the following internet address: www.fm.bank. The Company files reports with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). Because the Company makes its filing with the SEC electronically, you may access such reports at the SEC’s website (www.sec.gov). The Company makes available, free of charge through its internet address, copies of its annual report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and any amendments to these reports as soon as reasonably practicable after such materials have been filed with or furnished to the SEC. Copies of these documents may also be obtained, either in electronic or paper form, by contacting Barbara J. Britenriker, Chief Financial Officer of the Company at (419) 446-2501.

ITEM 1a. RISK FACTORS

Significant Competition from an Array of Financial Service Providers

Our ability to achieve strong financial performance and a satisfactory return on investment to shareholders will depend in part on our ability to expand our available financial services.  In addition to the challenge of attracting and retaining customers for traditional banking services, our competitors now include securities dealers, brokers, mortgage bankers, investment advisors and finance and insurance companies who seek to offer one-stop financial services to their customers that may include services that banks have not been able or allowed to offer to their customers in the past.  The increasingly competitive environment is a result primarily of changes in regulation, changes in technology and product delivery systems and the accelerating pace of consolidation among financial services providers.  If we fail to adequately address each of the competitive pressures in the banking industry, our financial condition and results of operations could be adversely affected.

Credit Risk

The risk of nonpayment of loans is inherent in commercial banking.  Such nonpayment could have an adverse effect on the Company’s earnings and our overall financial condition as well as the value of our common stock.  Management attempts to reduce the Bank’s credit exposure by carefully monitoring the concentration of its loans within specific industries and through the loan approval process. However, there can be no assurance that such monitoring and procedures will totally mitigate the risks.  Credit losses can cause insolvency and failure of a financial institution and, in such event, its shareholders could lose their entire investment.  For more information on the exposure of the Company and the Bank to credit risk, see the section under Part II, Item 7 of this Form 10-K captioned “Loan Portfolio.”

Dependence upon the Accuracy and Completeness of Information

In deciding whether to extend credit or enter into other transactions with customers and counterparties, we may rely on information furnished by or on behalf of customers and counterparties, including financial statements and other financial information. We also may rely on representations of clients and counterparties as to the accuracy and completeness of that information and, with respect to financial statements, on reports of independent auditors and accountants if made available. If this information is inaccurate, we may be subject to regulatory action, reputational harm or other adverse effects with respect to the operation of our business, our financial condition and our results of operation.

Our loan portfolio has a large concentration of real estate loans

Real estate loans, which constitute a large portion of our loan portfolio, include home equity, agricultural, commercial, construction and residential loans, and such loans are concentrated in the Bank’s primary markets in northwest Ohio, Northeast Indiana and complimented with additional exposure in new areas from our LPOs.  The market value of real estate can fluctuate significantly in a short period of time as a result of market conditions in the geographic area in which the real estate is located.  Adverse developments affecting real estate values in our market could increase the credit risk associated with our loan portfolio.  

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Also, real estate lending typically involves higher loan principal amounts and the repayment of the loans generally is dependent, in large part, on sufficient income from the properties securing the loans to cover operating expenses and debt service.  Economic events or governmental regulations outside of the control of the borrower could negatively impact the future cash flow and market values of the affected properties.

If the loans that are collateralized by real estate become troubled during a time when market conditions are declining or have declined, then we may not be able to realize the amount of security that we anticipated at the time of originating the loan, which could cause us to increase our provision for loan losses and adversely affect our operating results and financial condition.

Our real estate loans also include construction loans, including land acquisition and development.  Construction, land acquisition and development lending involve additional risks because funds are advanced based upon estimates of costs and the estimated value of the completed project.  Because of the uncertainties inherent in estimating construction costs, as well as the market value of the completed project and the effects of governmental regulation on real property, it is relatively difficult to evaluate accurately the total funds required to complete a project and the related loan-to-value ratio.  As a result, commercial construction loans often involve the disbursement of substantial funds with repayment dependent, in part, on the success of the ultimate project and the ability of the borrower to sell or lease the property, rather than the ability of the borrower or guarantor to repay principal and interest.  If our appraisal of the value of the completed project proves to be overstated, we may have inadequate security for the repayment of the loan upon completion of construction of the project.

Payments on agricultural real estate loans are dependent on the profitable operation or management of the farm property securing the loan.  The success of the farm may be affected by many factors outside the control of the borrower, including adverse weather conditions that prevent the planting of a crop or limit crop yields (such as hail, drought and floods), loss of livestock due to disease or other factors, declines in market prices for agricultural products (both domestically and internationally) and the impact of government regulations (including changes in price supports, subsidies and environmental regulations). In addition, many farms are dependent on a limited number of key individuals whose injury or death may significantly affect the successful operation of the farm.  If the cash flow from a farming operation is diminished, the borrower’s ability to repay the loan may be impaired. The primary crops in our market areas are corn, wheat and soybeans.  Accordingly, adverse circumstances affecting these crops could have an adverse effect on our agricultural real estate loan portfolio.

Commercial loans make up a significant portion of our loan portfolio

Our commercial loans are primarily made based on the identified cash flow of the borrower and secondarily on the underlying collateral provided by the borrower.  Repayment of our commercial loans is often dependent on the cash flows of the borrower, which may be unpredictable.  Most often, this collateral is accounts receivable, inventory, machinery or real estate.  In the case of loans secured by accounts receivable, the availability of funds for the repayment of these loans may be substantially dependent on the ability of the borrower to collect amounts due from its customers.  The other types of collateral securing these loans may depreciate over time, may be difficult to appraise and may fluctuate in value based on the success of the business.

We also originate agricultural operating loans.  As with agricultural real estate loans, the repayment of operating loans is dependent on the successful operation or management of the farm property.  Likewise, agricultural operating loans involve a greater degree of risk than lending on residential properties, particularly in the case of loans that are unsecured or secured by rapidly depreciating assets such as farm equipment or assets such as livestock or crops.  The primary livestock in our market areas is hogs.  In these cases, any repossessed collateral for a defaulted loan may not provide an adequate source of repayment of the outstanding loan balance as a result of the greater likelihood of damage, loss or depreciation.  The majority of our agricultural customers utilize crop insurance to mitigate the possibility of a large loss within one year on their grain operations. Crop insurance can be structured to be triggered by different factors and claim payment may also be customized, such as based on harvest yields, income generation.  Farmers may also use hedging techniques to lock in crop prices, input costs for future production.

Susceptibility to Changes in Regulation

Any changes to state and federal banking laws and regulations may negatively impact our ability to expand services and to increase the value of our business.  We are subject to extensive state and federal regulation, supervision, and legislation that govern almost all aspects of our operations.  These laws may change from time to time and are primarily intended for the protection of consumers, depositors and the deposit insurance funds.  In addition, the Company’s earnings are affected by the monetary policies of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve.  These policies, which include regulating the national supply of bank reserves and bank credit, can have a major effect upon the source and cost of funds and the rates of return earned on loans and investments.  The Federal Reserve influences the size and distribution of bank reserves through its open market operations and changes in cash reserve requirements against member bank deposits.  We cannot predict what effect any presently contemplated or future changes in the laws or regulations or their interpretations would have on us, but such changes could be materially adverse to our financial performance.  For more information on this subject, see the section under Part I, Item 1 of this Form 10-K captioned “Supervision and Regulation.”

 

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Changes in U.S. Trade Policies

From 2018 through 2020, the U.S. government implemented tariffs on certain products from countries or entities such as Mexico, Canada, China and the European Union. These countries have issued or continue to threaten retaliatory tariffs against products from the United States, including agricultural products. The United States and these countries may impose additional tariffs and retaliatory tariffs in the future. Tariffs, retaliatory tariffs or other trade restrictions on products and materials that our customers import or export, including agricultural products such as soybeans, could cause the prices of our customers’ products to increase which could reduce demand for such products, or reduce our customer margins, and adversely impact their revenues, financial results and ability to service debt. This could adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations. In addition, to the extent changes in the political environment have a negative impact on us or on the markets in which we operate, our business, results of operations and financial condition could be materially and adversely impacted in the future. In January 2020, passage of the United States-Mexico-Canada (USMCA) trade agreement helped to alleviate some of these risks. The USMCA updates trading rules to better reflect 21st century technology, regulates labor and environmental standards in Mexico, tightens the rules the auto industry must follow to trade vehicles duty free across the three countries and provides tariff-free trade in North America.

Interest Rate Risk

Changes in interest rates affect our operating performance and financial condition in diverse ways. Our profitability depends in substantial part on our “net interest spread,” which is the difference between the rates we receive on loans and investments and the rates we pay for deposits and other sources of funds. Our net interest spread will depend on many factors that are partly or entirely outside our control, including competition, federal economic, monetary and fiscal policies, and economic conditions generally. Historically, net interest spreads for other financial institutions have widened and narrowed in response to these and other factors, which are often collectively referred to as “interest rate risk.” After many years of a low and flat rate environment, the Federal Reserve began increasing the Federal Funds rate in 2015. The Company did not experience improvement in its asset yield on loans until such time that the rate increases enabled the loan rates to rise above the floors which had been on the majority of the variable rate loans. During 2017, the increasing rates, having reached over 100 basis points, triggered rate changes above the floors and the Company experienced improvement in the interest spread. The improvement in the net interest spread during 2017 through 2019 directly correlated to the improvement of the Bank’s loan to asset ratio. The Federal Reserve began decreasing the Federal Funds rate in the second half of 2019, and made further cuts in 2020, which contributed to a deterioration in the interest rate spread in 2020.

The Bank manages interest rate risk within an overall asset/liability framework.  The principal objectives of asset/liability management are to manage sensitivity of net interest spreads and net interest income to potential changes in interest rates.  Funding positions are kept within predetermined limits designed to ensure that risk-taking is not excessive and that liquidity is properly managed.  In the event that our asset/liabilities management strategies are unsuccessful, our profitability may be adversely affected.  For more information regarding the Company’s exposure to interest rate risk, see Part II, Item 7A of this Form 10-K.

Attraction and Retention of Key Personnel

Our success depends upon the continued service of our senior management team and upon our ability to attract and retain qualified financial services personnel.  Competition for qualified employees is intense.  In our experience, it can take a significant period of time to identify and hire personnel with the combination of skills and attributes required in carrying out our strategy.  If we lose the services of our key personnel or are unable to attract additional qualified personnel, our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows could be adversely affected.

A key component of employee retention is providing a fair compensation base combined with the opportunity for additional compensation for above average performance.  In this regard, the Company and the Bank use two incentive programs. The Company uses a stock award program to recognize and incentivize officers of the Bank.  Under the long-term incentive compensation plan, restricted stock awards may be granted to officers.  The amount of shares to be granted each year is determined by the Board Compensation Committee and may vary each year in its amount of shares and the number of recipients.  The Compensation Committee determines the number of shares to be awarded overall and to the Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”) specifically.  The CEO then makes recommendations to the committee as to the recipients of the remaining shares.  The full Board of Directors approves the action of the Committee.  Since the plan’s inception in 2005, all granted stock awards have utilized a three year cliff vesting feature.  This is viewed as a retention aid as the awards may be forfeited should an officer leave employment during the vesting period.

A second incentive program of the Bank is based on cash compensation of which almost all employees participate (excluding commission based employees and other employees paid for specific higher paid positions, such as peak time). A discussion of executive officer pay is incorporated within the proxy and as such, this discussion will pertain to all other employees. Non-officer employees are paid a cash incentive based on the projected overall performance of the Bank in terms of Return of Average Assets (“ROA”) and the achievement of pre-established team and/or individual goals. The Compensation Committee determines the target performance levels on which the percentage of pay will be based. The Committee takes into account the

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five and ten year trend of ROA along with budget forecasted for the next year and the Bank’s past year performance. The Committee also considers the predicted banking environment under which the Bank will be operating. With the formation of the Captive, the ROA goal has been exclusive of the effect of the additional insurance expense at the Bank level. Non-officers receive incentive pay in December of the same year based on the year-to-date base compensation through the last pay received in November.

Officers, other than executive officers, receive incentive pay based on additional criterion.  The officers are rewarded based on overall ROA of the Bank along with individual pre-established goals.  Officers, therefore, have incentive pay at risk for individual performance.  The individualized goals are recommended by each officer’s supervisor and are approved by an incentive committee of the Bank.  The goals are designed to improve the performance of the Bank while also limiting the risk of a short-term performance focus.  For example, a lending officer may be given two goals of which one is to grow loans within specific targets and another is tied to a specific level of past dues and charge-offs.  The second goal limits the ability to be rewarded for growth at all costs along with the specific target levels within the growth goal itself.  Officers in a support department may be given goals which create efficiencies, ensure compliance with procedures, or generate new fee or product opportunities. On average, three to four goals were given to each officer in 2020. Officers are paid cash incentives based on the year-end ROA of the Bank and receive it within the first quarter of the following year.  Should the ROA be forecasted to be positive but below the base target set by the Board, the officers are paid an incentive under the same basis and timing as non-officers disclosed above.

The percentages of base pay on which the incentive is calculated graduates higher as does the responsibility level of the employee and their ability to impact the financial performance of the Bank.  These percentages are recommended by management to the Compensation Committee and Board for approval.  The cash incentive plan along with its targets and goals are subject to modification at the Compensation Committee and Board’s discretion throughout each year.

Dividend Payout Restrictions

We currently pay a quarterly dividend on our common shares.  However, there is no assurance that we will be able to pay dividends in the future.  Dividends are subject to determination and declaration by our Board of Directors, which takes into account many factors.  The declaration of dividends by us on our common stock is subject to the discretion of our Board and to applicable state and federal regulatory limitations.  The Company may receive dividends from the Bank which is subject to restrictions and limitations in the amount and timing of the dividends it may pay to the Company. The Bank has been declaring additional dividends each quarter to provide this liquidity to the Company. The Captive also upstreams dividends to the Company when reserve levels are adequately provided for and may not exceed the net income of the prior twelve months.  Please see Note 16 in the notes to consolidated financial statements for additional information on dividend payout restrictions.

Maintaining Compliance with Regulatory Capital Requirements

Under regulatory capital adequacy guidelines, we must meet guidelines that involve quantitative measures of assets, liabilities and certain off-balance sheet items.  Failure to meet minimum capital requirements could have a material effect on our financial condition and could subject us to a variety of enforcement actions, as well as certain restrictions on our business.  Failure to maintain the status of “well-capitalized” under the regulatory framework could adversely affect the confidence that our customers have in us, which may lead to a decline in the demand for or a reduction in the prices that we are able to charge for our products and services. Failure to meet the guidelines could also limit our access to liquidity sources.

Access to New Capital

We may at some point need to raise additional capital to maintain our “well-capitalized” status.  Any capital we obtain may result in the dilution of the interests of existing holders of our stock.  Our ability to raise additional capital, if needed, will depend on conditions in the capital markets at that time, which are outside our control, and on our financial condition and performance. Accordingly, we cannot make assurances of our ability to raise additional capital if needed, or if the terms will be acceptable to us.

Anti-Takeover Provisions

Provisions of our Articles of Incorporation and Ohio law could have the effect of discouraging takeover attempts which certain stockholders might deem to be in their interest.  These anti-takeover provisions may make us a less attractive target for a takeover bid or merger, potentially depriving shareholders of an opportunity to sell their shares of common stock at a premium over prevailing market prices as a result of a takeover bid or merger.

Compliance with Environmental Laws

A significant portion of our loan portfolio is secured by real property. We may foreclose on and take title to certain real property. There is a risk that hazardous substances could be found on the property and we may be liable for remediation costs,

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personal injury and/or property damage. We may incur substantial expenses to comply with environmental laws which may materially reduce the property's value or limit our ability to dispose of the property. The remediation costs and any other financial liabilities associated with the property could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.

Technological Change

Our industry is susceptible to significant technological changes in the future as there continue to be a high level of new technology driven products and services introduced.  Technological advancement aids the Company in providing customer service and increases efficiency.  Our national competitors have more resources to invest in technological changes and associated required resources.  As a result, they may be able to offer products and services that are more technologically advanced and that may put us at a competitive disadvantage.  Our future depends on our ability to analyze technological changes to determine the best course of action for our business, customers and shareholders.

Operational Risks

We are subject to certain operational risks, including, but not limited to, data processing system failures and errors, customer or employee fraud and catastrophic failures resulting from terrorist acts or natural disasters.  We maintain a system of internal controls to mitigate against such occurrences and maintain insurance coverage for such risks that are insurable, but should such an event occur that is not prevented or detected by our internal controls, uninsured or in excess of applicable insurance limits, it could have a significant adverse impact on our business, financial condition or results of operations.

Our operations are dependent on our ability to process financial transactions in a secure manner.  Failure in or breach of our operational or security systems or infrastructure, or those of our third-party vendors and other service providers, could disrupt our business or the businesses of our customers, result in the disclosure or misuse of confidential or proprietary information, damage our reputation, increase our costs and cause losses. We must ensure that information is properly protected from a variety of threats such as cyber attacks, error, fraud, sabotage, terrorism, industrial espionage, privacy violation, service interruption, and natural disaster.  These threats arise from numerous sources including human error, fraud on the part of employees or third parties, technological failure, telecommunication outages, and severe weather conditions. Information security risks for financial institutions like us have increased recently in part because of new technologies, the increased use of the internet and telecommunications technologies (including mobile devices and cloud computing) to conduct financial and other business transactions, political activism, and the increased sophistication and activities of organized crime. Although we employ detection and response mechanisms designed to contain and mitigate security incidents, early detection may be thwarted by persistent sophisticated attacks and malware designed to avoid detection.

We also face risks related to cyber attacks and other security breaches in connection with card transactions that typically involve the transmission of sensitive information regarding our customers through various third parties. Some of these parties have in the past been the target of security breaches and cyber attacks, and because the transactions involve third parties and environments that we do not control or secure, future security breaches or cyber attacks affecting any of these third parties could impact us through no fault of our own, and in some cases we may have exposure and suffer losses for breaches or attacks relating to them. We also rely on numerous other third party service providers to conduct other aspects of our business operations and face similar risks relating to them. While we conduct security assessments on our higher risk third party service providers, we cannot be sure that their information security protocols are sufficient to withstand a cyber attack or other security breach. There can be no assurance that cyber incidents will not occur and they could occur more frequently and on a more significant scale.

We devote significant resources to implement, maintain, monitor and regularly upgrade our systems and networks with measures such as intrusion detection and prevention and firewalls to safeguard critical business applications. The additional cost to the Company of our cyber security monitoring and protection systems and controls includes the cost of hardware and software, third party technology providers, consulting, and legal fees, in addition to the incremental cost of our personnel who focus a substantial portion of their responsibilities on cyber security. In addition, because cyber attacks can change frequently we may be unable to implement effective preventive or proactive measures in time. With the assistance of third-party service providers, we intend to continue to implement security technology and establish procedures to maintain network security, but there is no assurance that these measures will be successful. As cyber threats continue to evolve, we may be required to expend significant additional resources to continue to modify or enhance our protective measures or to investigate and remediate any information security vulnerabilities.

Any activity that jeopardizes our network and the security of the information stored thereon may result in significant cost and have a significant adverse effect on our reputation. We maintain insurance coverage that may, subject to policy terms and conditions, cover certain aspects of cyber risks. Such insurance coverage may be insufficient to cover all losses.

Any successful cyber attack or other security breach involving the misappropriation or other unauthorized disclosure of confidential customer information or that compromises our ability to function could severely damage our reputation, erode confidence in the security of our systems, products and services, expose us to the risk of litigation and liability, disrupt our operations and have a material adverse effect on our business. Any successful cyber attack may also subject the Company to

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regulatory investigations, litigation or enforcement, or require the payment of regulatory fines or penalties or undertaking costly remediation efforts with respect to third parties affected by a cyber security incident, all or any of which could adversely affect the Company’s business, financial condition or results of operations and damage its reputation.

Potential Inadequacy of our allowance for loan losses

Like all financial institutions, we maintain an allowance for loan losses to provide for loan defaults and non-performance.  Our allowance for loan losses is based on our historical loss experience as well as an evaluation of the risks associated with our loan portfolio, including the size and composition of the loan portfolio, current economic conditions and concentrations within the portfolio.  The determination of the appropriate level of the allowance for loan losses inherently involves a high degree of subjectivity and requires us to make significant estimates of current credit risks and future trends, all of which may undergo material changes.  Economic conditions affecting borrowers, new information regarding existing loans, identification of additional problem loans and other factors, both within and outside of our control, may require an increase in the allowance for loan losses.  In addition, bank regulatory agencies periodically review our allowance for loan losses and may require an increase in the provision for loan losses or the recognition of further loan charge-offs, based on judgments different than those of management.  In addition, if charge-offs in future periods exceed expectations, we will need additional provisions to increase the allowance for loan losses.  Any increases in the allowance for loan losses may result in a decrease in net income and capital and may have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.

In June 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued ASU 2016-13, "Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326), Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments," which replaces the current "incurred loss" model for recognizing credit losses with an "expected loss" model referred to as the Current Expected Credit Loss model, or “CECL.” Under the CECL model, we will be required to present certain financial assets carried at amortized cost, such as loans held for investment and held-to-maturity debt securities, at the net amount expected to be collected. The measurement of expected credit losses is to be based on information about past events, including historical experience, current conditions, and reasonable and supportable forecasts that affect the collectability of the reported amount. This measurement will take place at the time the financial asset is first added to the balance sheet and periodically thereafter. This differs significantly from the "incurred loss" model required under current GAAP, which delays recognition until it is probable a loss has been incurred. Accordingly, we expect that the adoption of the CECL model will materially affect how we determine our allowance for loan losses and could require us to significantly increase our allowance. Moreover, the CECL model may create more volatility in the level of our allowance for loan losses. If we are required to increase our level of allowance for loan losses for any reason, such increase could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

The new CECL standard will become effective for us for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022 and for interim periods during 2023. The Company began working with a third-party service provider to review parallel reports starting in June 2019. We are currently evaluating the impact the CECL model will have on our accounting, but we expect to recognize a one-time cumulative-effect adjustment to our allowance for loan losses as of the beginning of the first reporting period in which the new standard is effective.

Attraction of Deposits and other Short-term Funding

In managing our liquidity, our primary source of short-term funding is customer deposits.  Our ability to continue to attract these deposits, and other short-term funding sources, is subject to variability based upon a number of factors, including the relative interest rates we are prepared to pay for these liabilities and the perception of safety of those deposits or short-term obligations relative to alternative short-term investments.  The availability and cost of credit in short-term markets depends upon market perceptions of our liquidity and creditworthiness.  Our efforts to monitor and manage liquidity risk may not be successful or sufficient to deal with dramatic or unanticipated changes in event-driven reductions in liquidity.  In such events, our cost of funds may increase, thereby reducing our net interest revenue, or we may need to dispose of a portion of our investment portfolio, which, depending on market conditions, could result in our realizing a loss or experiencing other adverse consequences.

Vendor Relationship Risk

We rely on third-party vendors to provide key components of our business operations such as data processing, recording and monitoring transactions, online and mobile banking interfaces and services, internet connections and network access. While we have performed due diligence procedures in selecting vendors, we do not control their actions. In the event that one or more of our vendors suffers a bankruptcy or otherwise becomes unable to continue to provide products or services or fails to protect non-public personal information of our customers or employees, we may suffer operational impairments, reputational damage and financial losses. Replacing these third-party vendors could create significant delay and expense. Accordingly, use of such third parties creates an inherent risk to our business operations.

 

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COVID-19 Pandemic

The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic and measures intended to prevent its spread could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition, and such effects will depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain and are difficult to predict.

In December 2019, a novel coronavirus (COVID-19) was reported in China, and, in March 2020, the World Health Organization declared it a pandemic. On March 12, 2020, the President of the United States declared the COVID-19 outbreak in the United States a national emergency. The COVID-19 pandemic has caused significant economic dislocation in the United States as many state and local governments have ordered non-essential businesses to close and residents to shelter in place at home. This has resulted in an unprecedented slow-down in economic activity and a related increase in unemployment. Since the COVID-19 outbreak an unprecedented number of individuals have filed claims for unemployment, and stock markets have experienced significant volatility, with bank stocks suffering significant declines in value. In response to the COVID-19 outbreak, the Federal Reserve Board has reduced the benchmark fed funds rate to a target range of 0% to 0.25%, and the yields on 10 and 30-year treasury notes have declined to historic lows. The federal banking agencies have encouraged financial institutions to prudently work with affected borrowers and recently passed legislation to provide relief from reporting loan classifications due to modifications related to the COVID-19 outbreak.

Finally, the spread of the coronavirus has caused us to modify our business practices, including employee travel, employee work locations, and cancellation of physical participation in meetings, events and conferences. We may take further actions as may be required by government authorities or that we determine are in the best interests of our employees, customers and business partners. There is no certainty that such measures will be sufficient to mitigate the risks posed by the virus or will otherwise be satisfactory to government authorities.  In addition, the success of our operations substantially depends on the management skills of our executive officers and directors, many of whom have held officer and director positions with us for many years. The unanticipated loss or unavailability of key employees due to the outbreak could harm our ability to operate our business or execute our business strategy.

Given the ongoing and dynamic nature of the circumstances, it is difficult to predict the full impact of the COVID-19 outbreak on our business. The United States government has taken steps to attempt to mitigate some of the more severe anticipated economic effects of the virus, including the passage of the CARES Act and Consolidated Appropriations Act, but there can be no assurance that such steps will be effective or achieve their desired results in a timely fashion. The extent of such impact from the COVID-19 outbreak and related mitigation efforts will depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain, including but not limited to, the duration and spread of the outbreak, its severity, the actions to contain the virus or treat its impact, and how quickly and to what extent normal economic and operating conditions can resume.  As the result, we could be subject to any of the following risks, any of which could have a material, adverse effect on our business, financial condition, liquidity, and results of operations:

 

demand for our products and services may decline, making it difficult to grow assets and income;

 

if the economy is unable to substantially reopen, and high levels of unemployment continue for an extended period of time, loan delinquencies, problem assets, and foreclosures may increase, resulting in increased charges and reduced income;

 

collateral for loans, especially real estate, may decline in value, which could cause loan losses to increase;

 

our allowance for loan losses may have to be increased if borrowers experience financial difficulties beyond forbearance periods, which will adversely affect our net income;

 

the net worth and liquidity of loan guarantors may decline, impairing their ability to honor commitments to us;

 

as the result of the decline in the Federal Reserve Board’s target federal funds rate, the yield on our assets may decline to a greater extent than the decline in our cost of interest-bearing liabilities, reducing our net interest margin and spread and reducing net income;

 

a material decrease in net income or a net loss over several quarters could result in a decrease in the rate of our quarterly cash dividend;

 

we rely on third party vendors for certain services and the unavailability of a critical service due to the COVID-19 outbreak could have an adverse effect on us; and

 

Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation premiums may increase if the agency experiences additional resolution costs.

Any one or a combination of the factors identified above could negatively impact our business, financial condition and results of operations and prospects. Even after the COVID-19 outbreak has subsided, we may continue to experience materially adverse impacts to our business as a result of the virus’s global economic impact, including the availability of credit, adverse impacts on our liquidity and any recession that has occurred or may occur in the future.


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Limited Trading Market

The Company has its shares of stock listed and traded on the NASDAQ Capital Market.  The Company’s trading symbol is “FMAO.”

ITEM 1b. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

None.  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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ITEM 2. PROPERTIES

Our principal office is located in Archbold, Ohio.

The Bank operates from its principal office located at 307 North Defiance Street, Archbold, Ohio. In addition, the Bank owns the property from 200 to 208 Ditto Street, Archbold, Ohio, which it uses for Bank parking and a community mini-park area. The Bank owns real estate at two locations, 207 Ditto Street and 209 Ditto Street in Archbold, Ohio upon which the bank built a commercial building to be used for storage, and a parking lot for company vehicles and employee parking. The Bank also owns real estate across from the main facilities to provide for parking.

The Bank occupies an Operations Center at 620 S. Clyde’s Way in Archbold, Ohio to accommodate our growth over the years. The Bank owns a parking lot in downtown Montpelier which is provided for community use.

The Bank owns all of its office locations, with the exception of Angola, Indiana and Bowling Green, Ohio.  Both of these office locations are leased.

The Bank currently maintains retail banking offices at the following locations:

 

Office

 

Location

Archbold, Ohio

 

307 N Defiance Street

1313 S Defiance Street*

Wauseon, Ohio

 

1130 N Shoop Avenue

119 N Fulton Street*

Stryker, Ohio

 

300 S Defiance Street

West Unity, Ohio

 

200 W Jackson Street

Bryan, Ohio

 

929 E High Street*

1000 S Main Street

Delta, Ohio

 

101 Main Street

Montpelier, Ohio

 

1150 E Main Street

Napoleon, Ohio

 

2255 Scott Street

Swanton, Ohio

 

7 Turtle Creek Circle

Defiance, Ohio

 

1175 Hotel Drive

Perrysburg, Ohio

 

7001 Lighthouse Way

Butler, Indiana

 

200 S Broadway

Auburn, Indiana

 

403 Erie Pass

Angola, Indiana

 

2310 N Wayne Street

Hicksville, Ohio

 

100 N Main Street

Waterville, Ohio

 

8720 Waterville-Swanton Road

Custar, Ohio

 

22973 Defiance Pike

Sylvania, Ohio

 

5830 Monroe Street

Fort Wayne, Indiana

 

12106 Lima Road

Bowling Green, Ohio

 

1072 N. Main Street

Findlay, Ohio

 

1660 Tiffin Avenue

Geneva, Indiana

 

215 East Line Street

Monroe, Indiana

 

150 W Washington Street

Berne, Indiana

 

718 US Highway 27 N

Monroeville, Indiana

 

103 Main Street*

Portland, Indiana

 

1451 N Meridian Street

Decatur, Indiana

 

1061 S 13th Street

          *Office being closed in 2021

All but one of the above locations has drive-up service facilities and an ATM.

The Bank’s LPOs are at the following locations:

 

LPO

 

Location

Muncie, Indiana

 

420 S High Street

Oxford, Ohio

 

29 N Beech Street

West Bloomfield, Michigan

 

7031 Orchard Lake Road

The Captive operates from leased office space at 101 Convention Center Dr., Suite 850, Las Vegas, NV 89109.


18


There are no material pending legal proceedings, other than ordinary routine proceedings incidental to the business of the Company or its subsidiaries, to which we are a party or of which any of our properties are the subject.

ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

Not applicable.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

[Remainder of this page intentionally left blank.]

19


PART II

ITEM 5. MARKET FOR REGISTRANT'S COMMON EQUITY AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS

The Company’s common stock is listed on the NASDAQ Stock Market LLC under the trading symbol “FMAO.”

On August 18, 2017, the Company’s Board of Directors authorized a two-for-one stock split payable on September 20, 2017, for shareholders of record on September 5, 2017.

The Company utilizes Computershare as its transfer agent.

As of December 31, 2020, there were 1,783 record holders of our common stock of which 45.02% of the outstanding shares are being held in brokerage accounts or “street name” and only considered as one record holder.  

Below is a line-graph presentation comparing the cumulative total shareholder returns for the Corporation, an index for NASDAQ Stock Market (U.S. Companies) comprised of all domestic common shares traded on the NASDAQ National Market System and the NASDAQ Bank Index for the five-year period ended December 31, 2020.  The chart compares the value of $100 invested in the Corporation and each of the indices and assumes investment on December 31, 2015 with all dividends reinvested.

The Board of Directors recognizes that the market price of stock is influenced by many factors, only one of which is performance.  The stock price performance shown on the graph is not necessarily indicative of future performance.

 

 

 

 

2015

 

 

2016

 

 

2017

 

 

2018

 

 

2019

 

 

2020

 

FMAO

 

 

100.00

 

 

 

133.49

 

 

 

310.45

 

 

 

297.43

 

 

 

239.96

 

 

 

191.71

 

NASDAQ - COMPOSITE

 

 

100.00

 

 

 

108.84

 

 

 

140.64

 

 

 

136.93

 

 

 

185.37

 

 

 

265.54

 

NASDAQ - BANK INDEX

 

 

100.00

 

 

 

137.22

 

 

 

144.43

 

 

 

122.33

 

 

 

150.00

 

 

 

138.70

 

 

Dividends are declared and paid quarterly.  Per share dividends declared for the years ended 2020 and 2019 are as follows:

 

 

 

1st Quarter

 

 

2nd Quarter

 

 

3rd Quarter

 

 

4th Quarter

 

 

Total

 

2020

 

$

0.16

 

 

$

0.16

 

 

$

0.17

 

 

$

0.17

 

 

$

0.66

 

2019

 

$

0.15

 

 

$

0.15

 

 

$

0.15

 

 

$

0.16

 

 

$

0.61

 

Dividends declared during 2020 were $0.66 per share totaling $7.3 million, 8.2% higher than 2019 declared dividends of $0.61 per share. During 2020, the Company awarded 37,832 shares to 92 employees and 2,175 shares were forfeited under its long term incentive plan. At year-end 2020, the Company held 1,032,456 shares in Treasury stock and 88,226 in unearned stock awards.

Dividends declared during 2019 were $0.61 per share totaling $6.73 million, 8.9% higher than 2018 declared dividends of $0.56 per share.  During 2019, the Company awarded 38,100 restricted shares to 94 employees and 3,220 shares were forfeited under its long term incentive plan. At year-end 2019, the Company held 1,093,065 shares in Treasury stock and 88,450 in unearned stock awards.

The Company currently expects to continue to maintain the payment of its quarterly dividend consistent with its past practices.

20


The Company continues to have a strong capital base.

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Tier I Leverage Ratio

 

 

10.46

%

 

 

11.52

%

Risk Based Capital Tier I

 

 

13.60

%

 

 

13.63

%

Total Risk Based Capital

 

 

14.61

%

 

 

14.22

%

Stockholders' Equity/Total Assets

 

 

13.05

%

 

 

14.33

%

On January 15, 2021, the Company announced the authorization by its Board of Directors for the Company’s repurchase, either on the open market, or in privately negotiated transactions, of up to 500,000 shares of its outstanding common stock commencing January 15, 2021 and ending December 31, 2021.

ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

 

Period

 

Total Number of Shares Purchased

 

 

 

 

 

Average Price Paid per Share

 

 

 

 

 

Total Number of Shares Purchased as Part of Publicly Announced Plan or Programs

 

 

Remaining Share Repurchases Authorization

 

10/1/2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

to

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

545,000

 

10/31/2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

11/1/2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

to

 

 

332

 

 

(2

)

 

 

23.13

 

 

(2

)

 

 

-

 

 

 

545,000

 

11/30/2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

12/1/2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

to

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

545,000

 

12/31/2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

 

332

 

 

 

 

 

 

23.13

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

545,000

 

 

(1)

From time to time, the Company purchases shares in the market pursuant to a stock repurchase program publicly announced on January 17, 2020.  On that date, the Board of Directors authorized the repurchase of 550,000 common shares between January 17, 2020 and December 31, 2020.

(2)

Shares which were repurchased for taxes on vested stock awards are outside of this program.

ITEM 6. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

Reclassification

Certain amounts in the 2019 and 2018 consolidated financial statements have been reclassified to conform with the 2020 presentation.  

21


SUMMARY OF SELECTED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL DATA

 

Summary of Consolidated Statement of Income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(In Thousands, except share data)

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

2018

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

Summary of Income:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest income

 

$

70,169

 

 

$

68,306

 

 

$

46,429

 

 

$

41,248

 

 

$

37,727

 

Interest expense

 

 

10,393

 

 

 

14,759

 

 

 

6,572

 

 

 

5,127

 

 

 

4,223

 

Net Interest Income

 

 

59,776

 

 

 

53,547

 

 

 

39,857

 

 

 

36,121

 

 

 

33,504

 

Provision for loan losses

 

 

6,981

 

 

 

1,138

 

 

 

324

 

 

 

222

 

 

 

1,121

 

Net interest income after provision for loan losses

 

 

52,795

 

 

 

52,409

 

 

 

39,533

 

 

 

35,899