Company Quick10K Filing
Fortinet
Price78.86 EPS1
Shares175 P/E65
MCap13,793 P/FCF22
Net Debt-1,176 EBIT252
TEV12,617 TEV/EBIT50
TTM 2019-09-30, in MM, except price, ratios
10-K 2020-12-31 Filed 2021-02-19
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8-K 2021-02-04 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2020-12-08 Other Events
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8-K 2018-02-02

FTNT 10Q Quarterly Report

Part I
Item 1. Financial Statements
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Part II
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Item 6. Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules
EX-31.1 ftnt-ex311_20180630x10q.htm
EX-31.2 ftnt-ex312_20180630x10q.htm
EX-32.1 ftnt-ex321_20180630x10q.htm

Fortinet Earnings 2018-06-30

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow
3.62.92.21.40.70.02012201420172020
Assets, Equity
0.60.50.30.20.0-0.12012201420172020
Rev, G Profit, Net Income
0.30.20.0-0.1-0.3-0.42012201420172020
Ops, Inv, Fin

10-Q 1 ftnt-0630201810xq.htm FORM 10-Q Document

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
 FORM 10-Q 
(Mark One)
x
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2018
or
o
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 For the transition period from              to             
Commission file number: 001-34511
______________________________________
 FORTINET, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
______________________________________

Delaware
77-0560389
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
899 Kifer Road
Sunnyvale, California
94086
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip Code)
(408) 235-7700
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (“Exchange Act”) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  x  No  o 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. 
Large accelerated filer
x
 
 
Accelerated filer
o
Non-accelerated filer
o
(Do not check if smaller reporting company)
 
Smaller reporting company
o
 
Emerging growth company
o
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o 



Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).    Yes  o     No  x
As of July 31, 2018, there were 169,136,958 shares of the registrant’s common stock outstanding.




FORTINET, INC.
QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM 10-Q
For the Quarter Ended June 30, 2018
Table of Contents
 
 
 
 
 
 
Page
 
 
 
 
Part I
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
 
 
 
 
Part II
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 2.
Item 6.
 
 


 



Part I

ITEM 1.
Financial Statements
FORTINET, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(unaudited, in millions, except per share amounts)
 
 
June 30,
2018
 
December 31,
2017
ASSETS
 
 
 
CURRENT ASSETS:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
972.1

 
$
811.0

Short-term investments
461.6

 
440.3

Accounts receivable—Net
333.6

 
348.2

Inventory
78.2

 
77.3

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
39.3

 
40.0

Total current assets
1,884.8

 
1,716.8

LONG-TERM INVESTMENTS
65.3

 
98.0

PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT—NET
256.0

 
245.4

DEFERRED CONTRACT COSTS
160.6

 

DEFERRED TAX ASSETS
141.9

 
146.9

OTHER INTANGIBLE ASSETS—NET
21.4

 
16.3

GOODWILL
25.1

 
14.6

OTHER ASSETS
20.6

 
19.9

TOTAL ASSETS
$
2,575.7

 
$
2,257.9

 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
 
 
CURRENT LIABILITIES:
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
63.7

 
$
70.0

Accrued liabilities
59.0

 
50.0

Accrued payroll and compensation
91.3

 
92.0

Income taxes payable
21.7

 
21.4

Deferred revenue
849.5

 
793.8

Total current liabilities
1,085.2

 
1,027.2

DEFERRED REVENUE
621.3

 
542.5

INCOME TAX LIABILITIES
76.8

 
90.2

OTHER LIABILITIES
12.2

 
8.6

Total liabilities
1,795.5

 
1,668.5

COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES (Note 10)


 


STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY:
 
 
 
Common stock, $0.001 par value—300 shares authorized; 169.0 and 167.9 shares issued and outstanding at June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively
0.2

 
0.2

Additional paid-in capital
996.1

 
909.6

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(1.4
)
 
(0.8
)
Accumulated deficit
(214.7
)
 
(319.6
)
Total stockholders’ equity
780.2

 
589.4

TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
$
2,575.7

 
$
2,257.9

See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.


1


FORTINET, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(unaudited, in millions, except per share amounts)
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
June 30,
2018
 
June 30,
2017
 
June 30,
2018
 
June 30,
2017
REVENUE:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Product
$
166.3

 
$
142.7

 
$
309.1

 
$
277.9

Service
275.0

 
220.8

 
531.2

 
426.1

Total revenue
441.3

 
363.5

 
840.3

 
704.0

COST OF REVENUE:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Product
73.9

 
60.8

 
132.1

 
116.1

Service
39.2

 
34.9

 
78.2

 
70.1

Total cost of revenue
113.1

 
95.7

 
210.3

 
186.2

GROSS PROFIT:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Product
92.4

 
81.9

 
177.0

 
161.8

Service
235.8

 
185.9

 
453.0

 
356.0

Total gross profit
328.2

 
267.8

 
630.0

 
517.8

OPERATING EXPENSES:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Research and development
61.2

 
51.2

 
120.3

 
102.4

Sales and marketing
192.8

 
166.3

 
378.1

 
336.7

General and administrative
23.5

 
21.9

 
48.5

 
44.5

Restructuring charges

 
(0.1
)
 

 
0.3

Total operating expenses
277.5

 
239.3

 
546.9

 
483.9

OPERATING INCOME
50.7

 
28.5

 
83.1

 
33.9

INTEREST INCOME
5.8

 
3.2

 
10.3

 
5.6

OTHER INCOME (EXPENSE)—NET
(5.0
)
 
1.2

 
(5.2
)
 
1.5

INCOME BEFORE INCOME TAXES
51.5

 
32.9

 
88.2

 
41.0

PROVISION FOR (BENEFIT FROM) INCOME TAXES
2.2

 
9.9

 
(2.7
)
 
7.3

NET INCOME
$
49.3

 
$
23.0

 
$
90.9

 
$
33.7

Net income per share (Note 9):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
$
0.29

 
$
0.13

 
$
0.54

 
$
0.19

Diluted
$
0.28

 
$
0.13

 
$
0.53

 
$
0.19

Weighted-average shares outstanding:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
168.6

 
175.7

 
168.1

 
175.1

Diluted
173.5

 
179.7

 
172.6

 
179.0

See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.


2


FORTINET, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(unaudited, in millions)

 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
2018
 
June 30,
2017
 
June 30,
2018
 
June 30,
2017
Net income
$
49.3

 
$
23.0

 
$
90.9

 
$
33.7

Other comprehensive income (loss):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Change in unrealized gains (losses) on investments
0.7

 
(0.1
)
 
(0.5
)
 
0.3

Tax provision (benefit) related to change in unrealized gains (losses) on investments
0.1

 
(0.1
)
 
0.1

 
0.1

Other comprehensive income (loss)
0.6

 

 
(0.6
)
 
0.2

Comprehensive income
$
49.9

 
$
23.0

 
$
90.3

 
$
33.9


See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.




3


FORTINET, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(unaudited, in millions)
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
2018
 
June 30,
2017
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:
 
 
 
Net income
$
90.9

 
$
33.7

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Stock-based compensation
77.1

 
68.4

Amortization of deferred contract costs
43.2

 

Depreciation and amortization
26.8

 
27.5

Other non-cash items—net
0.4

 
1.7

Amortization of investment premiums
0.2

 
1.4

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts receivable—net
28.9

 
37.9

Inventory
(10.8
)
 
9.8

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
0.9

 
(3.2
)
Deferred contract costs
(66.7
)
 

Deferred tax assets
(13.3
)
 
(24.4
)
Other assets
(0.7
)
 
0.7

Accounts payable
(9.1
)
 
(19.9
)
Accrued liabilities
(4.7
)
 
1.8

Accrued payroll and compensation
(2.0
)
 
1.6

Other liabilities
(2.2
)
 
(2.7
)
Deferred revenue
136.3

 
125.4

Income taxes payable
(13.2
)
 
14.8

Net cash provided by operating activities
282.0

 
274.5

CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:
 
 
 
Purchases of investments
(262.3
)
 
(270.5
)
Sales of investments
28.7

 
10.0

Maturities of investments
244.3

 
247.2

Purchases of property and equipment
(23.2
)
 
(99.9
)
Payments made in connection with business combination, net of cash acquired
(6.0
)
 

Net cash used in investing activities
(18.5
)
 
(113.2
)
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
 
 
 
Repurchase and retirement of common stock
(117.1
)
 
(33.1
)
Proceeds from issuance of common stock
56.7

 
41.8

Taxes paid related to net share settlement of equity awards
(32.5
)
 
(25.9
)
Payments of debt assumed in connection with business combination
(9.5
)
 

Net cash used in financing activities
(102.4
)
 
(17.2
)
NET INCREASE IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS
161.1

 
144.1

CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS—Beginning of period
811.0

 
709.0

CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS—End of period
$
972.1

 
$
853.1

NON-CASH INVESTING AND FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
 
 
 
Transfers of evaluation units from inventory to property and equipment
$
10.5

 
$
11.1

Liability for purchase of property and equipment and asset retirement obligations
$
9.3

 
$
22.2

See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

4


FORTINET, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

1.
SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Basis of Presentation and Preparation—The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of Fortinet, Inc. and its wholly owned subsidiaries (collectively, “we,” “us” or “our”) have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (“GAAP”) for interim financial information, as well as the instructions to Form 10-Q pursuant to the rules and regulations of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements, and should be read in conjunction with our audited consolidated financial statements as of and for the year ended December 31, 2017, contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on February 26, 2018 (the “Form 10-K”). In the opinion of management, all adjustments, which includes normal recurring adjustments, considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. All intercompany balances, transactions and cash flows have been eliminated. The results of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 are not necessarily indicative of the results for the full year or for any future periods. The condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2017 is derived from the audited consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2017.

The preparation of financial statements in accordance with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the condensed consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ materially from those estimates.

There have been no material changes to our significant accounting policies as of and for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, except for the accounting policies for revenue recognition, trade receivables and deferred contract costs that were updated as a result of adopting Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606) (“Topic 606”). For more information, refer to the “Recently Adopted Accounting Standards” and Note 2.

Recently Adopted Accounting Standards

Financial Instruments – Recognition and Measurement

In January 2016, the Financial Accounting Standard Board (“FASB”) issued ASU 2016-01—Financial Instruments—Overall: Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities, which requires most equity investments to be measured at fair value, with subsequent changes in fair value recognized in net income. A practicality exception applies to those equity investments that do not have a readily determinable fair value. These investments may be measured at cost, adjusted for changes in observable prices minus impairment. ASU 2016-01 was effective prospectively for us beginning on January 1, 2018 for our equity investments, which were previously accounted for under the cost-method. We adopted ASU 2016-01 on January 1, 2018. There was no material impact on our condensed consolidated financial statements as of the adoption date.

Revenue Recognition

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09—Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606), which supersedes the revenue recognition requirements in Topic 605, Revenue Recognition, and requires entities to recognize revenue when control of the promised goods or services is transferred to customers at an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. We adopted ASU 2014-09 and its related amendments (collectively known as Topic 606) as of January 1, 2018 using the modified retrospective transition method. The comparative information has not been restated and continues to be reported under the accounting standards in effect for those periods.


5

FORTINET, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)



We recorded a net reduction to our accumulated deficit as of January 1, 2018 of $117.3 million due to the cumulative impact of adopting Topic 606. The primary impact of adopting Topic 606 relates to the deferral of our incremental contract costs, which are comprised of sales commissions. Prior to January 1, 2018, we expensed all sales commissions upfront. Beginning on January 1, 2018, we continue to expense sales commissions related to product sales upfront, but capitalize and then amortize certain sales commissions on service contracts over the applicable amortization period. The capitalized sales commissions for initial service contracts are deferred and then amortized as expense on a straight-line basis over the period of benefit which we have determined to be five years. Sales commissions for renewal contracts are deferred and then amortized on a straight line basis over the contractual period of the underlying contracts. The deferral of sales commissions generated a deferred tax liability of $23.8 million, of which $18.0 million was recorded against deferred tax assets and the remaining $5.8 million was recorded in other long-term liabilities on our consolidated balance sheet. The impact on deferred revenue as of January 1, 2018 was $4.1 million, which primarily relates to certain changes in revenue recognition on software license sales and the acceleration of revenue from U.S.-based channel partners which were previously deferred until the product was sold through. Beginning on January 1, 2018, our sales returns reserve is now included on the balance sheet in accrued liabilities and no longer as a reduction to our accounts receivable. See Note 2 for further details.

The cumulative effects of the changes made to our January 1, 2018 consolidated balance sheet for the adoption of Topic 606 were as follows (in millions):

 
Balance at
December 31, 2017
 
Adjustments due to
Topic 606
 
Balance at
 January 1, 2018
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
Accounts receivable, net
$
348.2

 
$
13.6

 
$
361.8

Inventory
$
77.3

 
$
(0.1
)
 
$
77.2

Deferred tax assets
$
146.9

 
$
(18.0
)
 
$
128.9

Deferred contract costs
$

 
$
137.1

 
$
137.1

 
 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
Accrued liabilities
$
50.0

 
$
13.6

 
$
63.6

Deferred revenue, current
$
793.8

 
$
0.3

 
$
794.1

Deferred revenue, non-current
$
542.5

 
$
(4.4
)
 
$
538.1

Other liabilities, non-current
$
8.6

 
$
5.8

 
$
14.4

 
 
 
 
 
 
Stockholders’ equity:
 
 
 
 
 
Accumulated deficit
$
(319.6
)
 
$
117.3

 
$
(202.3
)


6

FORTINET, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)



Recent Accounting Standards Not Yet Effective

Leases

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02—Leases, which requires the recognition of right-of-use assets and lease liabilities on the consolidated balance sheet for substantially all leases. ASU 2016-02 includes a number of optional practical expedients that entities may elect to apply. ASU 2016-02 will also require significant additional disclosures about the amount, timing and uncertainty of cash flows from leases. In July 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-10—Codification Improvements to Topic 842, Leases, and ASU 2018-11 Leases (Topic 842) Targeted Improvements, which address questions about how to apply certain aspects of ASC 2016-02. The clarifications address the rate implicit in the lease, impairment of the net investment in the lease, lessee reassessment of lease classification, lessor reassessment of lease term and purchase options and variable payments that depend on an index or rate, and provide an alternative transition approach that allows companies to initially apply the new leases standard by recognizing a cumulative-effect adjustment on adoption date. ASC 2016-02 will be effective for us beginning on January 1, 2019, using a modified retrospective approach. Based on our current lease portfolio, we currently estimate the value of leased assets and liabilities that may be recognized on the consolidated balance sheet to be at least $45.0 million. We are continuing to evaluate the impact of ASU 2016-02 and our estimate is subject to change. We do not believe that ASC 2016-02 will have a material impact on our consolidated statements of operations and cash flows. We expect to expand our disclosures in the notes to consolidated financial statements to include more details on our leases, significant judgments and lease-related amounts recognized in the consolidated financial statements.

Stock Compensation

In June 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-07—Compensation—Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting, which simplifies the accounting for share-based payments to nonemployees by aligning it with the accounting for share-based payments to employees subject to certain exceptions. ASC 2018-07 expands the scope of Accounting Standards Codification Topic 718, Compensation-Stock Compensation (“ASC 718”) to include share-based payments granted to nonemployees in exchange for goods or services used or consumed in an entity’s own operations and supersedes the guidance in ASC 505-50 by moving it to ASC 718. This amendment is effective for us beginning January 1, 2019. Early adoption is permitted, but no earlier than an entity’s adoption date of ASC 606. We are currently evaluating the impact of this new standards on our consolidated financial statements.



7

FORTINET, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)



2.     REVENUE RECOGNITION

Revenue recognition

On January 1, 2018 we adopted Topic 606 using the modified retrospective method applied to those contracts which were not completed as of January 1, 2018. Results for reporting periods beginning after January 1, 2018 are presented under Topic 606, while prior period amounts are not adjusted and continue to be reported under Topic 605. The details of significant changes and quantitative impact of the changes are discussed below.
 
We derive the majority of our revenue from sales of our products, FortiGuard security subscription and FortiCare technical support services, and other services. Beginning in 2018, revenues are recognized when control of these goods or services is transferred to our customers, in an amount that reflects the consideration we expect to be entitled to in exchange for those goods or services. Prior to 2018, revenue was recognized under Topic 605 when all of the following criteria were met: (i) persuasive evidence of an arrangement existed, (ii) delivery has occurred or services have been rendered, (iii) sales price was fixed or determinable and (iv) collectability was reasonably assured.

Under Topic 606, we determine revenue recognition through the following steps:

identification of the contract, or contracts, with the customer,
identification of the performance obligations in the contract, including evaluation of performance obligations as to being distinct goods or services in a contract,
determination of the transaction price,
allocation of the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract, and
recognition of revenue when, or as, we satisfy a performance obligation.

Product revenue primarily consists of sales of hardware and software licenses of our FortiGate and Fabric products. We derive a substantial majority of product sales from our FortiGate products. Our FortiGate products include a broad set of built-in security and networking features and functionalities including firewall, SD-WAN, data leak prevention, VPN, switch and wireless controller and WAN acceleration, among others.

We previously recognized product revenue for sales to distributors that had no general right of return and direct sales to end-customers upon shipment, based on general revenue recognition accounting guidance once all other revenue recognition criteria were met. Certain distributors are granted stock rotation rights, limited rights of return or rebates for sales of our products. The arrangement fee for this group of distributors was not fixed or determinable when products were shipped and revenue was therefore deferred and recognized upon sell-through. For sales that included end-customer acceptance criteria, revenue was recognized upon acceptance. Under Topic 606, we recognize product revenue upon shipment when control of the promised goods is transferred to the customer. We recognize revenue from time-based software licenses upon electronic transfer of the license key to the customer. Previously, time-based software licenses were recognized over the license term.

We generally provide a 1-year warranty on hardware products and a 90-day warranty on software that provides assurance that our hardware or software products conform to published specifications. Such assurance-type warranties are not deemed to be separate performance obligations from the hardware or software product and costs associated with providing the warranties are accrued in accordance with ASC 460-10.

Service revenue relates to sales of our FortiGuard security subscription, FortiCare technical support services, and other services. Our FortiGuard security subscription services provide access to our application control, intrusion prevention, anti-botnet and mobile, anti-spam, web filtering, cloud sandbox and virus outbreak protection, industry security, security rating service and threat intelligent service functionality. Our FortiCare support services include rights to unspecified software upgrades, maintenance releases and patches, telephone and internet access to technical support personnel. Our typical subscription and contractual support term is one to three years, and to a lesser extent, five years. Our revenue recognition for service arrangements did not change under Topic 606. We continue to recognize revenue from these services ratably over the contractual service period because of continuous transfer of control to the customer over the maintenance period. Revenue related to subsequent renewals of these services are recognized over the support term of the renewal agreement. We also generate a small portion of our revenue from other services consisting of professional services, training and software-as-a-service (“SaaS”) which is either hosted or cloud-based services. We recognize revenue from professional and training services as the services are provided. We recognize revenue from SaaS as the subscription service is delivered over the term, which is typically one year, or on a monthly usage basis. To date, SaaS revenue has not represented a significant percentage of our total revenue.


8

FORTINET, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)



Our sales contracts typically contain multiple deliverables, such as hardware, software license, security subscription, technical support services and other services, which are generally capable of being distinct and accounted for as separate performance obligations. We evaluated the criteria to be distinct under Topic 606 and concluded that the hardware and software license were distinct and distinct in context of the contract from the security subscription and technical support services, as the customer can benefit from the hardware and license without the services and the services are separately identifiable within the contract. We allocate the transaction price to each performance obligation based on relative standalone selling price. We determine standalone selling price based on the historical pricing and discounting practices for those services when sold separately. We determine standalone selling price for a product or service by considering multiple historical factors including, but not limited to, cost of products, gross margin objectives, pricing practices, geographies and the term of the service contract that fall within a reasonably range as a percentage of list price. Revenue is reported net of sales tax.

Under Topic 605, revenue from contracts that contain our products and services are allocated to each unit of accounting based on an estimated selling price using vendor-specific objective evidence (“VSOE”) of selling price, if it existed, or third-party evidence (“TPE”) of selling price. If neither VSOE nor TPE of selling price existed for a deliverable, we used our best estimate of selling price for that deliverable. For multiple-element arrangements where software deliverables were included, revenue was allocated to the non-software deliverables and to the software deliverables as a group using the relative estimated selling prices of each of the deliverables in the arrangement based on the estimated selling price hierarchy. The amount allocated to the software deliverables was then allocated to each software deliverable using the residual method when VSOE of fair value existed. If evidence of VSOE of fair value of one or more undelivered elements did not exist, all software allocated revenue was deferred and recognized when delivery of those elements occurred or when fair value was established. When the undelivered element for which we did not have VSOE of fair value was support, revenue for the entire arrangement was recognized ratably over the support period. The same residual method and VSOE of fair value principles applied for our multiple element arrangements that contained only software elements.

In certain circumstances, our contracts include provisions for sales rebates and other customer incentive programs. Additionally, in limited circumstances, we may permit end-customers, distributors and resellers to return our products, subject to varying limitations, for a refund within a reasonably short period from the date of purchase. These amounts are accounted for as variable consideration that can decrease the transaction price. We estimate variable consideration at the most likely amounts to which we expect our customers to be entitled. We include estimated amounts in the transaction price to the extent that it is probable that a significant reversal of cumulative revenue recognized will not occur when the uncertainty associated with the variable consideration is resolved. Our estimate for sales return reserve was $12.5 million as of June 30, 2018 and is included in current liabilities in our condensed consolidated balance sheet. Under Topic 605, a sales return reserve of $13.6 million was presented as a reduction to accounts receivable as of December 31, 2017.

We generally invoice at the time of our sale for the total price of the products and security and technical support and other services, and the invoice is payable within 30 to 90 days. We also invoice certain software licenses and services on a monthly basis. Amounts billed and due from our customers are classified as receivables on the balance sheet and do not bear interest. We record deferred revenue when cash payments are received or due in advance of our performance.

During the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, we recognized $203.3 million and $442.3 million, respectively, in revenue that was included in the deferred revenue balance as of December 31, 2017.

Shipping and handling fees charged to our customers are recognized as product revenue in the period shipped and the related costs for providing these services are recorded as a cost of sale. Shipping and handling fees recognized as product revenue were not significant during the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017.




9

FORTINET, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)



Disaggregation of Revenue

The following table presents our revenue disaggregated by major product and service lines (in millions):

 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
2018
 
June 30,
2017 (1)
 
June 30,
2018
 
June 30,
2017(1)
Product
$
166.3

 
$
142.7

 
$
309.1

 
$
277.9

Service:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   Security subscription
147.1

 
122.0

 
283.8

 
235.5

   Technical support
116.4

 
90.1

 
226.0

 
171.2

   Professional services and training
11.5

 
8.7

 
21.4

 
19.4

      Total service revenue
275.0

 
220.8

 
531.2

 
426.1

Total revenue
$
441.3

 
$
363.5

 
$
840.3

 
$
704.0

(1) As noted above, prior period amounts have not been adjusted under the modified retrospective method.

Transaction Price Allocated to the Remaining Performance Obligations

As of June 30, 2018, we had $1.47 billion in remaining performance obligations, which is substantially comprised of deferred security subscription and technical support services not yet delivered. We expect to recognize revenue on approximately 80% of these remaining performance obligations over the next one to two years, with the remaining balance to be recognized in three to five years.

Accounts Receivable

Trade accounts receivable are recorded at the invoiced amount. Trade accounts receivable is reduced by allowance for doubtful accounts which is determined based on our assessment of the collectability of customer accounts. The allowance for doubtful accounts was $0.7 million and $0.9 million as of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively. As of December 31, 2017, accounts receivable was also reduced by sales return reserve of $13.6 million which we reclassified to accrued liabilities account as of January 1, 2018 in accordance with the adoption of Topic 606.

Contract Assets

Contract assets represent amounts that have been recognized as revenue but for which we did not have the unconditional right to invoice the customer. Contract assets were insignificant as of June 30, 2018 and January 1, 2018.

Deferred Contract Costs

Sales commissions earned by our sales force are considered incremental and recoverable costs of obtaining a contract with a customer. Sales commissions for the sale of products are recognized at the time of sale. Sales commissions for initial service contracts are deferred and then amortized as an expense on a straight-line basis over the period of benefit which we have determined to be five years. We determined the period of benefit taking into consideration our customer contracts, our technology and other factors. Sales commissions for renewal contracts are deferred and then amortized on a straight line basis over the contractual period of the underlying contracts which ranges from one to three years and, to a lesser extent, five years. The amortization of deferred contract costs is included in sales and marketing expense in our condensed consolidated statement of operations. Amortization of deferred contract costs during the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 was $22.4 million and $43.2 million, respectively. No impairment loss was recognized during the three months ended June 30, 2018.

Practical Expedient

We elected to use the contract modification practical expedient. This practical expedient allows for all contract modifications before January 1, 2018 to be aggregated and evaluated at adoption date.


10

FORTINET, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)



Impact on Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

The following tables summarize the impact of adopting Topic 606 on our condensed consolidated financial statements as of and for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 (in millions). These tables do not represent the full condensed consolidated financial statements as they only reflect the accounts impacted by the adoption of Topic 606.

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet
 
As of June 30, 2018
 
As Reported
 
Balances Without Adoption of
Topic 606
 
Effect of Change
Increase (Decrease)
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
$
333.6

 
$
321.1

 
$
12.5

Inventory
$
78.2

 
$
79.6

 
$
(1.4
)
Deferred contract costs
$
160.6

 
$

 
$
160.6

Deferred tax assets
$
141.9

 
$
167.8

 
$
(25.9
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
Accrued liabilities
$
59.0

 
$
44.7

 
$
14.3

Deferred revenue, current
$
849.5

 
$
865.9

 
$
(16.4
)
Deferred revenue, non-current
$
621.3

 
$
622.5

 
$
(1.2
)
Other liabilities, non-current
$
12.2

 
$
6.4

 
$
5.8

 
 
 
 
 
 
Stockholders’ Equity
 
 
 
 
 
Accumulated deficit
$
(214.7
)
 
$
(358.0
)
 
$
143.3



11

FORTINET, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)



Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations
 
Three Months Ended June 30, 2018
 
As Reported
 
Balances Without Adoption of
Topic 606
 
Effect of Change
Increase (Decrease)
REVENUE:
 
 
 
 
 
   Product
$
166.3

 
$
162.1

 
$
4.2

   Service
275.0

 
274.0

 
1.0

Total revenue
441.3

 
436.1

 
5.2

COSTS OF REVENUE:
 
 
 
 
 
   Product
73.9

 
74.1

 
(0.2
)
GROSS PROFIT:
 
 
 
 
 
Product
92.4

 
88.0

 
4.4

Service
235.8

 
234.8

 
1.0

Total gross profit
328.2

 
322.8

 
5.4

OPERATING EXPENSES:
 
 
 
 
 
Sales and marketing expenses
192.8

 
204.6

 
(11.8
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
OPERATING INCOME
50.7

 
33.5

 
17.2

 
 
 
 
 
 
INCOME BEFORE INCOME TAXES
51.5

 
34.3

 
17.2

PROVISION FOR (BENEFIT FROM) INCOME TAXES
2.2

 
(1.8
)
 
4.0

NET INCOME
$
49.3

 
$
36.1

 
$
13.2

Net income per share:
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
$
0.29

 
$
0.21

 
$
0.08

Diluted
$
0.28

 
$
0.21

 
$
0.08





12

FORTINET, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)



 
Six Months Ended June 30, 2018
 
As Reported
 
Balances Without Adoption of
Topic 606
 
Effect of Change
Increase (Decrease)
REVENUE:
 
 
 
 
 
Product
$
309.1

 
$
299.2

 
$
9.9

Service
531.2

 
529.5

 
1.7

Total revenue
840.3

 
828.7

 
11.6

COST OF REVENUE:
 
 
 
 
 
Product
132.1

 
130.8

 
1.3

GROSS PROFIT:
 
 
 
 
 
Product
177.0

 
168.4

 
8.6

Service
453.0

 
451.3

 
1.7

Total gross profit
630.0

 
619.7

 
10.3

OPERATING EXPENSES
 
 
 
 
 
Sales and marketing expenses
378.1

 
401.6

 
(23.5
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
OPERATING INCOME
83.1

 
49.3

 
33.8

 
 
 
 
 
 
INCOME BEFORE INCOME TAXES
88.2

 
54.4

 
33.8

BENEFIT FROM INCOME TAXES
(2.7
)
 
(10.5
)
 
7.8

NET INCOME
$
90.9

 
$
64.9

 
$
26.0

Net income per share:
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
$
0.54

 
$
0.39

 
$
0.15

Diluted
$
0.53

 
$
0.38

 
$
0.15



Condensed Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows
 
Six Months Ended June 30, 2018
 
As Reported
 
Balances Without Adoption of
Topic 606
 
Effect of Change
Increase (Decrease)
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
$
90.9

 
$
64.9

 
$
26.0

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
 
 
Amortization of deferred contract costs
43.2

 

 
43.2

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
 


Inventory
(10.8
)
 
(12.2
)
 
1.4

Deferred contract costs
(66.7
)
 

 
(66.7
)
Deferred tax assets
(13.3
)
 
(21.1
)
 
7.8

Accrued liabilities
(4.7
)
 
(5.4
)
 
0.7

Deferred revenue
136.3

 
148.7

 
(12.4
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
$
282.0

 
$
282.0

 
$




13

FORTINET, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)



3.
FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS AND FAIR VALUE

The following tables summarize our investments (in millions):
 
 
June 30, 2018
 
Amortized
Cost
 
Unrealized
Gains
 
Unrealized
Losses
 
Fair
Value
Corporate debt securities
$
338.7

 
$

 
$
(1.8
)
 
$
336.9

Certificates of deposit and term deposits (1)
100.2

 

 

 
100.2

Commercial paper
66.8

 

 

 
66.8

U.S. government and agency securities
23.0

 

 

 
23.0

Total available-for-sale securities
$
528.7

 
$

 
$
(1.8
)
 
$
526.9

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
December 31, 2017
 
Amortized
Cost
 
Unrealized
Gains
 
Unrealized
Losses
 
Fair
Value
Corporate debt securities
$
391.0

 
$

 
$
(1.2
)
 
$
389.8

Commercial paper
74.2

 

 

 
74.2

Certificates of deposit and term deposits (1)
45.9

 

 

 
45.9

U.S. government and agency securities
28.5

 

 
(0.1
)
 
28.4

Total available-for-sale securities
$
539.6

 
$

 
$
(1.3
)
 
$
538.3

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(1) The majority of our certificates of deposit and term deposits are foreign deposits.

The following tables show the gross unrealized losses and the related fair values of our investments that have been in a continuous unrealized loss position (in millions):

 
June 30, 2018
 
Less Than 12 Months
 
12 Months or Greater
 
Total
 
Fair
Value
 
Unrealized
Losses
 
Fair
Value
 
Unrealized
Losses
 
Fair
Value
 
Unrealized
Losses
Corporate debt securities
$
258.2

 
$
(1.1
)
 
$
61.1

 
$
(0.7
)
 
$
319.3

 
$
(1.8
)
Commercial paper
59.0

 

 

 

 
59.0

 

Certificates of deposit and term deposits
48.6

 

 

 

 
48.6

 

U.S. government and agency securities
10.4

 

 
8.5

 

 
18.9

 

Total available-for-sale securities
$
376.2

 
$
(1.1
)
 
$
69.6

 
$
(0.7
)
 
$
445.8

 
$
(1.8
)


14

FORTINET, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)



 
December 31, 2017
 
Less Than 12 Months
 
12 Months or Greater
 
Total
 
Fair
Value
 
Unrealized
Losses
 
Fair
Value
 
Unrealized
Losses
 
Fair
Value
 
Unrealized
Losses
Corporate debt securities
$
317.4

 
$
(0.9
)
 
$
58.2

 
$
(0.3
)
 
$
375.6

 
$
(1.2
)
Certificates of deposit and term deposits
37.2

 

 

 

 
37.2

 

Commercial paper
29.0

 

 

 

 
29.0

 

U.S. government and agency securities
17.0

 

 
11.4

 
(0.1
)
 
28.4

 
(0.1
)
Total available-for-sale securities
$
400.7

 
$
(0.9
)
 
$
69.6

 
$
(0.4
)
 
$
470.3

 
$
(1.3
)

The contractual maturities of our investments were as follows (in millions):
 
 
June 30,
2018
 
December 31,
2017
Due within one year
$
461.6

 
$
440.3

Due within one to three years
65.3

 
98.0

Total
$
526.9

 
$
538.3


Available-for-sale securities are reported at fair value, with unrealized gains and losses and the related tax impact included as a separate component of stockholders’ equity and in comprehensive income. Realized losses on available-for-sale securities were insignificant in the periods presented and are included in other income (expense)—net in our condensed consolidated statements of operations. We use the specific identification method to determine the cost basis of investments sold.

The unrealized losses on our available-for-sale securities were caused by fluctuations in market value and interest rates as a result of the economic environment. As the decline in market value are attributable to changes in market conditions and not credit quality, and because we have concluded currently that we neither intend to sell nor is it more likely than not that we will be required to sell these investments prior to a recovery of par value, we do not consider these investments to be other-than temporarily impaired as of June 30, 2018.

Fair Value Accounting—We apply the following fair value hierarchy for disclosure of the inputs used to measure fair value. This hierarchy prioritizes the inputs into three broad levels as follows:

Level 1—Inputs are unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

Level 2—Inputs are quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets or inputs that are observable for the assets or liabilities, either directly or indirectly through market corroboration, for substantially the full term of the financial instruments.

Level 3—Unobservable inputs based on our own assumptions used to measure assets and liabilities at fair value. The inputs require significant management judgment or estimation.

We measure the fair value of money market funds and certain U.S. government and agency securities using quoted prices in active markets for identical assets. The fair value of all other financial instruments was based on quoted prices for similar assets in active markets, or on model-driven valuations using significant inputs derived from or corroborated by observable market data.
 
We classify investments within Level 1 if quoted prices are available in active markets for identical securities.
 
We classify items within Level 2 if the investments are valued using model-driven valuations using observable inputs such as quoted market prices, benchmark yields, reported trades, broker/dealer quotes or alternative pricing sources with reasonable levels of price transparency. Investments are held by custodians who obtain investment prices from a third-party pricing provider that incorporates standard inputs in various asset price models.

15

FORTINET, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)




Fair Value of Financial Instruments

Assets Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis

The following tables present the fair value of our financial assets measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 (in millions):
 
 
June 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
 
Aggregate
Fair
Value
 
Quoted
Prices in
Active
Markets For
Identical
Assets
 
Significant
Other
Observable
Remaining
Inputs
 
Significant
Other
Unobservable
Remaining
Inputs
 
Aggregate
Fair
Value
 
Quoted
Prices in
Active
Markets For
Identical
Assets
 
Significant
Other
Observable
Remaining
Inputs
 
Significant
Other
Unobservable
Remaining
Inputs
 
 
 
(Level 1)
 
(Level 2)
 
(Level 3)
 
 
 
(Level 1)
 
(Level 2)
 
(Level 3)
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Corporate debt securities
$
341.2

 
$

 
$
341.2

 
$

 
$
411.1

 
$

 
$
411.1

 
$

Certificates of deposit and term deposits
173.9

 

 
173.9

 

 
132.1

 

 
132.1

 

Money market funds
116.3

 
116.3

 

 

 
195.6

 
195.6

 

 

Commercial paper
104.4

 

 
104.4

 

 
128.9

 

 
128.9

 

U.S. government and agency securities
23.0

 
19.5

 
3.5

 

 
28.4

 
24.9

 
3.5

 

Total
$
758.8

 
$
135.8

 
$
623.0

 
$

 
$
896.1

 
$
220.5

 
$
675.6

 
$

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Reported as:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash equivalents
$
231.9

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
357.8

 
 
 
 
 
 
Short-term investments
461.6

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
440.3

 
 
 
 
 
 
Long-term investments
65.3

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
98.0

 
 
 
 
 
 
Total
$
758.8

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
896.1

 
 
 
 
 
 

There were no transfers between Level 1 and Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy during the six months ended June 30, 2018 and year ended December 31, 2017.

4.     INVENTORY

Inventory consisted of the following (in millions):
 
 
June 30,
2018
 
December 31,
2017
Raw materials
$
13.7

 
$
13.0

Finished goods
64.5

 
64.3

Inventory
$
78.2

 
$
77.3


Inventory includes materials at contract manufacturers of $1.9 million and $2.6 million as of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively. Inventory also includes finished goods held by distributors where revenue is recognized on a sell-through basis of $0.1 million as of December 31, 2017.
 

16

FORTINET, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)



5.     PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT—Net

Property and equipment—net consisted of the following (in millions):
 
 
June 30,
2018
 
December 31,
2017
Building and building improvements
$
136.1

 
$
133.2

Computer equipment and software
90.5

 
79.9

Land
71.9

 
65.6

Leasehold improvements
21.9

 
20.8

Evaluation units
19.5

 
20.1

Furniture and fixtures
15.9

 
14.7

Construction-in-progress
7.7

 
6.3

Total property and equipment
363.5

 
340.6

Less: accumulated depreciation
(107.5
)
 
(95.2
)
Property and equipment—net
$
256.0

 
$
245.4


Depreciation expense was $11.8 million during the three months ended June 30, 2018 and June 30, 2017. Depreciation expense was $23.1 million and $23.0 million during the six months ended June 30, 2018 and June 30, 2017, respectively.

6.     INVESTMENTS IN PRIVATELY HELD COMPANIES

Our investments in the equity securities of privately held companies totaled $12.1 million as of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017. These investments, which were previously accounted for at cost, are now accounted for at cost, adjusted for changes in observable prices minus impairment. We own less than 20% of the voting securities in each of these investments and do not have the ability to exercise significant influence over operating and financial policies of the respective entities. These investments are carried at historical cost and are recorded as other assets on our condensed consolidated balance sheets and would be measured at fair value if indicators of impairment existed. As of June 30, 2018, no events have occurred that would adversely affect the carrying value of these investments.

As of June 30, 2018, we determined that we had a variable interest in these privately held companies. However, we determined that we were not the primary beneficiary as we did not have the power to direct their activities that most significantly affect their economic performance. The VIEs are not required to be consolidated in our condensed consolidated financial statements.

7.     BUSINESS COMBINATION

Bradford Networks, Inc.

On June 4, 2018, we acquired all outstanding shares of Bradford Networks, Inc. (“Bradford”), a leading provider of network security products and services. We believe that this acquisition will extend the Fortinet Security Fabric to include network access control and provide for the assessment and response related to devices accessing the network, including Internet of Things devices.

Under the business combination method of accounting, the total preliminary purchase price was allocated to Bradford’s net tangible and intangible assets based upon their estimated fair values as of June 4, 2018. The preliminary purchase price for Bradford was $6.8 million, of which $10.5 million was allocated to goodwill that was non-deductible for tax purposes, $8.8 million was allocated to identifiable intangible assets offset by $12.5 million of net liabilities assumed. The fair values assigned to assets acquired and liabilities assumed are based on management’s best estimates and assumptions as of the reporting date and are considered preliminary pending finalization of our valuation analysis.


17

FORTINET, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)



We may pay an additional $2.0 million in cash consideration as an earn-out that is subject in full to satisfaction of certain performance conditions. As of June 30, 2018, no fair value was assigned to the contingent consideration based on the estimated probability of attainment of the target.

Pro forma information has not been presented for these acquisitions as the impact to our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements was not material.
 
8.     GOODWILL AND OTHER INTANGIBLE ASSETS—Net

Goodwill

Changes in the carrying value of goodwill were (in millions):
 
Amount
Balance—December 31, 2017
$
14.6

Addition due to business combination
10.5

Balance—June 30, 2018
$
25.1


There were no impairments to goodwill during the three and six months ended June 30, 2018.

Other Intangible Assets—net

The following tables present other intangible assets—net as of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 (in millions, except years):

 
June 30, 2018
 
Weighted-Average Useful Life (in Years)
 
Gross
 
Accumulated Amortization
 
Net
Other intangible assets—net:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Finite-lived intangible assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Developed technologies and other
3.8
 
$
32.2

 
$
16.4

 
$
15.8

Customer relationships
4.5
 
16.7

 
11.1

 
5.6

Total other intangible assets—net
 
 
$
48.9

 
$
27.5

 
$
21.4


 
December 31, 2017
 
Weighted-Average Useful Life (in Years)
 
Gross
 
Accumulated Amortization
 
Net
Other intangible assets—net:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Finite-lived intangible assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Developed technologies and other
3.8
 
$
24.0

 
$
13.7

 
$
10.3

Customer relationships
4.7
 
14.5

 
10.1

 
4.4

 
 
 
38.5

 
23.8

 
14.7

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Indefinite-lived intangible assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
In-process research and development
 
 
1.6

 

 
1.6

Total other intangible assets—net
 
 
$
40.1

 
$
23.8

 
$
16.3



18

FORTINET, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)



The in-process research and development intangible asset of $1.6 million was completed in the first quarter of 2018. Upon completion, the cost was transferred to developed technology and is amortized over the estimated useful life of four years.
Amortization expense was $1.8 million and $2.2 million during the three months ended June 30, 2018 and June 30, 2017, respectively. Amortization expense was $3.6 million and $4.5 million during the six months ended June 30, 2018 and June 30, 2017, respectively.
The following table summarizes estimated future amortization expense of finite-lived intangible assets—net (in millions):
 
Amount
Years:
 
2018
$
5.1

2019
8.4

2020
4.8

2021 and thereafter
3.1

Total
$
21.4


9.     NET INCOME PER SHARE

Basic net income per share is computed by dividing net income by the weighted-average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period. Diluted net income per share is computed by dividing net income by the weighted-average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period, plus the dilutive effects of restricted stock units (“RSUs”), stock options and the Employee Stock Purchase Plan (the “ESPP”). Dilutive shares of common stock are determined by applying the treasury stock method.


19

FORTINET, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)



A reconciliation of the numerator and denominator used in the calculation of basic and diluted net income per share is as follows (in millions, except per share amounts):
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
2018
 
June 30,
2017
 
June 30,
2018
 
June 30,
2017
Numerator:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
$
49.3

 
$
23.0

 
$
90.9

 
$
33.7

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Denominator:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic shares:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted-average common stock outstanding-basic
168.6

 
175.7

 
168.1

 
175.1

Diluted shares:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted-average common stock outstanding-basic
168.6

 
175.7

 
168.1

 
175.1

Effect of potentially dilutive securities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
RSUs
3.4

 
2.4

 
3.1

 
2.3

Stock options
1.4

 
1.5

 
1.3

 
1.5

ESPP
0.1

 
0.1

 
0.1

 
0.1

Weighted-average shares used to compute diluted net income per share
173.5

 
179.7

 
172.6

 
179.0

Net income per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
$
0.29

 
$
0.13

 
$
0.54

 
$
0.19

Diluted
$
0.28

 
$
0.13

 
$
0.53

 
$
0.19


The following weighted-average shares of common stock were excluded from the computation of diluted net income per share for the periods presented, as their effect would have been antidilutive (in millions):
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
2018
 
June 30,
2017
 
June 30,
2018
 
June 30,
2017
RSUs
0.3

 
1.2

 
0.7

 
1.8

Stock options
0.7

 
1.1

 
0.6

 
1.1

ESPP

 

 
0.1

 
0.1

Total
1.0

 
2.3

 
1.4

 
3.0



20

FORTINET, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)



10.     COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

The following table summarizes our future principal contractual obligations as of June 30, 2018 (in millions):

 
Total
 
2018
 
2019
 
2020
 
2021
 
2022
 
Thereafter
Operating lease commitments
$
53.2

 
$
8.9

 
$
14.5

 
$
11.2

 
$
7.2

 
$
4.3

 
$
7.1

Inventory purchase commitments
104.9

 
100.7

 

 
4.2

 

 

 

Total
$
158.1