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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
    QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2023
OR
 TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from          to         
001-38875
(Commission file number)
Greenlane Holdings, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware83-0806637
State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
1095 Broken Sound Parkway,Suite 100
Boca Raton, FL33487
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip Code)
(877) 292-7660
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Class A Common Stock, $0.01 par value per shareGNLNNasdaq Global Market
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12 (g) of the Act: None
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes     No  £
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to submit such files). Yes   No 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
£
Accelerated filer
£
Non-accelerated filer
Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes     No  ☒
As of January 9, 2024, Greenlane Holdings, Inc. had 3,734,211 shares of Class A common stock outstanding



Greenlane Holdings, Inc.
Form 10-Q
For the Quarterly Period Ended September 30, 2023





PART I
ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

GREENLANE HOLDINGS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in thousands, except par value per share amounts)
September 30,
2023
December 31,
2022
(Unaudited)
ASSETS
Current assets
Cash$2,443 $6,458 
Restricted cash 5,718 
Accounts receivable, net of allowance of $4,208 and $4,826 at September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively
1,925 6,468 
Inventories, net22,638 40,643 
Vendor deposits3,351 6,296 
Other current assets (Note 8)7,152 11,120 
Total current assets37,509 76,703 
Property and equipment, net3,237 3,962 
Operating lease right-of-use assets2,163 3,442 
Other assets5,539 5,578 
Total assets$48,448 $89,685 
LIABILITIES
Current liabilities
Accounts payable$11,909 $14,953 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities (Note 8)9,396 11,882 
Customer deposits2,410 3,983 
Current portion of notes payable (Note 6)6,978 3,185 
Current portion of operating leases898 1,528 
Current portion of finance leases128 128 
Total current liabilities31,719 35,659 
Notes payable, less current portion and debt issuance costs, net (Note 6) 13,040 
Operating leases, less current portion1,238 1,887 
Finance leases, less current portion 29 
Other liabilities80 79 
Total long-term liabilities1,318 15,035 
Total liabilities33,037 50,694 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 7)
STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY*
Preferred stock, $0.0001 par value, 10,000 shares authorized, none issued and outstanding
  
Class A common stock, $0.01 par value per share, 600,000 shares authorized; 3,448 shares issued and outstanding as of September 30, 2023; 1,599 shares issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2022*
33 15 
Class B common stock, $0.0001 par value per share, 30,000 shares authorized; 0 shares issued and outstanding as of September 30, 2023; 0 shares issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2022*
  
Additional paid-in capital*268,105 264,017 
Accumulated deficit(252,956)(225,114)
Accumulated other comprehensive income238 55 
Total stockholders’ equity attributable to Greenlane Holdings, Inc.
15,420 38,973 
Non-controlling interest(9)18 
Total stockholders’ equity15,411 38,991 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity$48,448 $89,685 

*After giving effect to the Reverse Stock Splits - See Note 9 - Stockholders' Equity.

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.



GREENLANE HOLDINGS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE LOSS
(Unaudited)
(in thousands, except per share amounts)
Three months ended September 30,Nine months ended September 30,
2023202220232022
Net sales$11,800 $28,680 $55,384 $115,130 
Cost of sales8,671 23,711 42,162 96,094 
Gross profit3,129 4,969 13,222 19,036 
Operating expenses:
Salaries, benefits and payroll taxes4,059 7,000 14,586 25,897 
General and administrative5,433 8,547 20,209 30,850 
Goodwill and indefinite-lived intangibles impairment 66,760  66,760 
Definite-lived intangibles impairment charge 50,694  50,694 
Property and equipment impairment charge
 7,336  7,336 
Depreciation and amortization524 2,124 1,492 6,876 
Total operating expenses10,016 142,461 36,287 188,413 
Loss from operations(6,887)(137,492)(23,065)(169,377)
Other income (expense), net:
Interest expense(3,415)(926)(5,148)(1,598)
Other income (expense), net204 1,173 338 562 
Total other income (expense), net(3,211)247 (4,810)(1,036)
Loss before income taxes(10,098)(137,245)(27,875)(170,413)
Provision for (benefit from) income taxes  (6)62 
Net loss(10,098)(137,245)(27,869)(170,475)
Less: Net loss attributable to non-controlling
interest
19 (6,742)(27)(12,516)
Net loss attributable to Greenlane Holdings, Inc.$(10,117)$(130,503)$(27,842)$(157,959)
Net loss attributable to Class A common stock per share - basic and diluted (Note 9)*
$(1.91)$(198.51)$(9.67)$(277.41)
Weighted-average shares of Class A common stock outstanding - basic and diluted (Note 9)*
5,513 657 2,918 569 
Other comprehensive income (loss):
Foreign currency translation adjustments(24)(238)181 (212)
Unrealized gain (loss) on derivative instrument   358 
Comprehensive loss
(10,122)(137,483)(27,688)(170,329)
Less: Comprehensive loss attributable to non-controlling interest
 (6,742)(8)(12,430)
Comprehensive loss attributable to Greenlane Holdings, Inc.
$(10,122)$(130,741)$(27,680)$(157,899)
*After giving effect to the Reverse Stock Splits - See Note 9 - Stockholders' Equity.
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
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GREENLANE HOLDINGS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
(Unaudited)
(in thousands)
Class A
Common Stock
Class B
Common Stock
Additional
Paid-In
Capital*
Accumulated
Deficit
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
Non-
Controlling
Interest
Total
Stockholders’
Equity
Shares*Amount*Shares*Amount*
Balance December 31, 20221,599 $15  $ $264,017 $(225,114)$55 $18 $38,991 
Net loss
— — — — — (8,693)— (54)(8,747)
Equity-based compensation— — — — 110 — — 110 
Issuance of Class A shares - Amended Eyce APA (Note 3)— — — — 95 — — — 95 
Other comprehensive income— — — — — — 178 — 178 
Balance March 31, 20231,599 15   264,222 (233,807)233 (36)30,627 
Net loss
— — — — — (9,032)— 8 (9,024)
Equity-based compensation forfeiture, net(1)— — — (11)— — — (11)
Issuance of Class A shares - Amended Eyce APA (Note 3)— — — — 65 — — — 65 
Other comprehensive income (loss)— — — — — — 27 — 27 
Balance June 30, 20231,598 15   264,276 (242,839)260 (28)21,684 
Net (loss) income— — — — — (10,117)— 19 (10,098)
Equity-based compensation— — — — (70)— — — (70)
Issuance of Class A shares - Amended Eyce APA (Note 3)— — — — 65 — — — 65 
Issuance of Class A shares (Note 9)1,850 18 — — 3,834 — — — 3,852 
Other comprehensive income (loss)— — — — — — (22)— (22)
Balance Balance September 30, 20233,448 $33  $ $268,105 $(252,956)$238 $(9)$15,411 

*After giving effect to the Reverse Stock Splits - See Note 9 - Stockholders' Equity.

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
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Class A
Common Stock
Class B
Common Stock
Additional
Paid-In
Capital*
Accumulated
Deficit
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
Non-
Controlling
Interest
Total
Stockholders’
Equity
Shares*Amount*Shares*Amount*
Balance December 31, 2021426 $4 109 $ $229,744 $(55,544)$324 $21,836 $196,364 
Net loss— — — — — (15,332)— (3,417)(18,749)
Equity-based compensation9 — — — 730 — — 172 902 
Issuance of Class A shares, net of costs - ATM Program56 1 — — 6,800 — — — 6,801 
Issuance of Class A shares - contingent consideration19 — — — 3,486 — — — 3,486 
Exchanges of noncontrolling interest for Class A common stock3 — (3)— 543 — — (543) 
Other comprehensive income— — — — — — 361 85 446 
Balance March 31, 2022513 5 106  241,303 (70,876)685 18,133 189,250 
Net loss— — — — — (12,124)— (2,357)(14,481)
Equity-based compensation— — — — 371 — — 75 446 
Issuance of Class A shares, net of costs - ATM Program30 — — — 2,224 — — — 2,224 
Issuance of Class A shares, net of costs - June 2022 Offering59 1 — — 5,039 — — — 5,040 
Issuance of Class A shares - Amended Eyce APA (Note 3)7 — — — 310 — — — 310 
Reclassification adjustment for gain included in net loss (Note 4)— — — — — — (332)— (332)
Other comprehensive income (loss)— — — — — — (62)— (62)
Balance June 30, 2022609 6 106  249,247 (83,000)291 15,851 182,395 
'Net loss
— — — — — (130,503)— (6,742)(137,245)
Equity-based compensation(2)— — — 175 — — 10 185 
Issuance of Class A shares - Amended Eyce APA (Note 3)— — — — 206 — — — 206 
Issuance of Class A shares - Prefunded warrants exercise (Note 9)49 — — — — — — — — 
Exchanges of noncontrolling interest for Class A common stock91 1 (91)— 9,747 — — (9,748) 
VIBES disposition / deconsolidation (Note 3)— — — — — — — (1,789)(1,789)
Other comprehensive income (loss)— — — — — — (238)— (238)
'Balance September 30, 2022
747 $7 15 $ $259,375 $(213,503)$53 $(2,418)$43,514 

*After giving effect to the Reverse Stock Splits - See Note 9 - Stockholders' Equity.
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
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GREENLANE HOLDINGS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
7


(in thousands)
Nine months ended September 30,
20232022
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net loss (including amounts attributable to non-controlling interest)$(27,869)$(170,475)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization1,492 6,876 
Equity-based compensation expense255 2,020 
Goodwill and indefinite-lived intangibles impairment charge 66,760 
Definite-lived intangibles impairment charge 50,694 
Property and equipment impairment charge
 7,336 
Change in fair value of contingent consideration103 (1,197)
Change in provision for doubtful accounts(154)2,637 
Gain related to indemnification asset (2,018)
(Gain) loss on disposal of fixed assets 820 
(Gain) loss on disposal of held-for-sale assets (780)
Gain related to VIBES disposition / deconsolidation (Note 3) (2,062)
Unrealized loss on equity investments 1,214 
Realized (gain) loss on interest rate swap contract (408)
Amortization of deferred financing costs and debt discount2,711 446 
Other(17)(17)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of the effects of acquisitions:
Decrease (increase) in accounts receivable4,697 247 
Decrease (increase) in inventories18,005 19,044 
Decrease (increase) in vendor deposits2,945 5,027 
Decrease (increase) in other current assets3,968 1,257 
(Decrease) increase in accounts payable(3,121)(5,384)
(Decrease) Increase in accrued expenses and other liabilities(250)(1,124)
(Decrease) increase in customer deposits(1,573)(3,401)
Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities
1,192 (22,488)
Cash flows from investing activities:
Proceeds from VIBES disposition (Note 3) 4,567 
Purchases of property and equipment, net(633)(1,660)
Proceeds from the sale of equity investments53  
Proceeds from sale of assets held for sale 9,593 
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities(580)12,500 
Cash flows from financing activities:
Proceeds from issuance of Class A common stock, net of costs3,852 14,064 
Proceeds from (repayment of) Asset-Based Loan
(15,000)14,550 
Proceeds from Secured Bridge Loan, net of costs
2,090  
Debt issuance costs(751)(1,472)
Repayment of loan against future accounts receivable
(851) 
Proceeds from future receivables financing
3,000  
Payments on Eyce and DaVinci promissory notes(2,539)(2,791)
Payments on Real Estate Note (7,958)
Repayment of Bridge Loan (8,000)
Proceeds from termination of interest rate swap 145 
Purchase consideration paid for Eyce and DaVinci acquisition(300)(875)
Other(29)(128)
Net cash provided by financing activities(10,528)7,535 
Effects of exchange rate changes on cash and restricted cash183 (210)
Net (decrease) in cash and restricted cash(9,733)(2,663)
Cash and restricted cash, as of beginning of the period12,176 12,857 
Cash and restricted cash, as of end of the period$2,443 $10,194 


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
8



GREENLANE HOLDINGS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (CONTINUED)
(Unaudited)
(in thousands)

Reconciliation of cash and restricted cash to condensed consolidated balance sheets
Nine months ended September 30,
20232022
Beginning of the period
Cash$6,458 $12,857 
Restricted cash5,718  
Total cash and restricted cash, beginning of period$12,176 $12,857 
End of the period
Cash$2,443 $8,039 
Restricted cash 2,155 
Total cash and restricted cash, end of period$2,443 $10,194 
Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information
Cash paid during the period for interest$(4,495)$(1,598)
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities$1,353 $2,120 
Non-cash investing and financing activities:
Non-cash purchases of property and equipment$133 $1,617 
Issuance of Class A common stock for business acquisitions$ $3,486 
Decrease in non-controlling interest as a result of exchanges for Class A common stock$ $(10,291)
Decrease in non-controlling interest as a result of VIBES disposition$ $(1,789)
Transfer from contingent consideration to notes payable$1,150 $ 
Transfer from accrued expenses to notes payable$437 $ 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
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GREENLANE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
NOTE 1. BUSINESS OPERATIONS AND ORGANIZATION
Organization
Greenlane Holdings, Inc. (“Greenlane” and, collectively with the Operating Company (as defined below) and its consolidated subsidiaries, the “Company”, "we", "us", and "our") was formed as a Delaware corporation on May 2, 2018. We are a holding company that was formed for the purpose of completing an underwritten initial public offering (“IPO”) of shares of our Class A common stock, $0.01 par value per share (“Class A common stock”), in order to carry on the business of Greenlane Holdings, LLC (the “Operating Company”). The Operating Company was organized under the laws of the state of Delaware on September 1, 2015, and is based in Boca Raton, Florida. Unless the context otherwise requires, references to the “Company” refer to us, and our consolidated subsidiaries, including the Operating Company.
We merchandise premium cannabis accessories, child-resistant packaging, specialty vaporization solutions and lifestyle products in the United States, Canada, Europe and Latin America, serving a diverse and expansive customer base with thousands of retail locations, licensed cannabis dispensaries, smoke shops, multi-state operators (“MSOs”), specialty retailers, and retail consumers through both our e-commerce platforms and our flagship Higher Standards store in New York City’s famed Chelsea Market.

We have been developing a world-class portfolio of our own proprietary brands (the "Greenlane Brands") that we believe will, over time, deliver higher margins and create long-term value for our customers and shareholders. Our wholly-owned Greenlane Brands includes Groove – our recently launched more affordable product line, Eyce – our innovative silicone pipes and accessories line, DaVinci – our best-in-class premium vaporizer brand, and Higher Standards – our premium smoke shop and ancillary product brand. We also have category exclusive licenses for the premium Marley Natural branded products, as well as the K.Haring branded products.
We are the sole manager of the Operating Company and our principal asset is Common Units of the Operating Company (“Common Units”). As the sole manager of the Operating Company, we operate and control all of the business and affairs of the Operating Company, and we conduct our business through the Operating Company and its subsidiaries. We have a board of directors and executive officers, but no employees. All of our assets are held and all of the employees are employed by wholly owned subsidiaries of the Operating Company.
We have the sole voting interest in, and control the management of, the Operating Company, and we have the obligation to absorb losses of, and receive benefits from, the Operating Company, that could be significant. We determined that the Operating Company is a variable interest entity (“VIE”) and that we are the primary beneficiary of the Operating Company. Accordingly, pursuant to the VIE accounting model, beginning in the fiscal quarter ended June 30, 2019, we consolidated the Operating Company in our consolidated financial statements and reported a non-controlling interest related to the Common Units held by the members of the Operating Company (other than the Common Units held by us) on our consolidated financial statements.
On August 31, 2021, we completed our previously announced merger with KushCo Holdings, Inc. ("KushCo") and have included the results of operations of KushCo in our consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss from that date forward. In connection with the merger with KushCo, the Greenlane Certificate of Incorporation was amended and restated (the “A&R Charter”) in order to (i) increase the number of authorized shares of Greenlane Class B common stock, $0.0001 par value per share (the “Class B common stock”), from 10 million shares to 30 million shares in order to effect the conversion of each outstanding share of Class C common stock, $0.0001 par value per share (the “Class C common stock”), into one-third of one share of Class B common stock, (ii) increase the number of authorized shares of Class A common stock from 125 million shares to 600 million shares, and (iii) eliminate references to the Class C common stock. Pursuant to the terms of an Agreement and Plan of Merger, dated as of March 31, 2021 (the "Merger Agreement") with KushCo, immediately prior to the consummation of the business combination, holders of Class C common stock received one-third of one share of Class B common stock for each share of Class C common stock held immediately prior to the closing of the merger.
Our corporate structure is commonly referred to as an “Up-C” structure. The Up-C structure allows the Operating Company to continue to realize tax benefits associated with owning interests in an entity that is treated as a partnership, or “pass-through” entity. One of these benefits is that future taxable income of the Operating Company that is allocated to its members will be taxed on a flow-through basis and therefore will not be subject to corporate taxes at the Operating Company entity level. Additionally, because a member may redeem their Common Units for shares of Class A common stock on a one-for-one basis or, at our option, for cash, the Up-C structure also provides the member with potential liquidity that holders of non-publicly traded limited liability companies are not typically afforded.
In connection with the IPO, we entered into a Tax Receivable Agreement (the “TRA”) with the Operating Company and the Operating Company’s members and a Registration Rights Agreement (the “Registration Rights Agreement”) with the Operating
10


Company’s members. The TRA provides for the payment by us to the Operating Company’s member(s) of 85.0% of the amount of tax benefits, if any, that we may actually realize (or in some cases, are deemed to realize) as a result of (i) the step-up in tax basis in our share of the Operating Company's assets resulting from the redemption of Common Units under the mechanism described above and (ii) certain other tax benefits attributable to payments made under the TRA. Pursuant to the Registration Rights Agreement, we have agreed to register the resale of shares of Class A common stock that are issuable to the Operating Company’s members upon redemption or exchange of their Common Units.
The A&R Charter and the Fourth Amended and Restated Operating Agreement of the Operating Company (the “Operating Agreement”) require that (a) we at all times maintain a ratio of one Common Unit owned by us for each share of our Class A common stock issued by us (subject to certain exceptions), and (b) the Operating Company at all times maintains (i) a one-to-one ratio between the number of shares of our Class A common stock issued by us and the number of Common Units owned by us, and (ii) a one-to-one ratio between the number of shares of our Class B common stock owned by the non-founder members of the Operating Company and the number of Common Units owned by the non-founder members of the Operating Company.

As of December 31, 2022, all Common Units of the Operating Company and Class B common stock had been exchanged for Class A common stock, and we owned 100% of the voting and economic interests in Greenlane through the holders' ownership of Class A common stock. See "Note 9 - Stockholder's Equity."
NOTE 2. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Basis of Presentation
Our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) and applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") regarding interim financial reporting. Certain information and note disclosures normally included in the financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations. As such, the information included in this Form 10-Q should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes included in Amendment No. 1 to our Annual Report on Form 10-K/A for the year ended December 31, 2022. The condensed consolidated results of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2023, or any other future annual or interim period. In the opinion of management, the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments necessary for a fair statement of the Company's financial position and operating results. Certain reclassifications have been made to prior year amounts or balances to conform to the presentation adopted in the current year.
Principles of Consolidation
Our condensed consolidated financial statements include our accounts, the accounts of the Operating Company, and the accounts of the Operating Company's consolidated subsidiaries. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
Reverse Stock Splits
On August 4, 2022, we filed a Certificate of Amendment to the A&R Charter with the Secretary of State for the State of Delaware (the "SSSD"), which effected a one-for-twenty reverse stock split (the “2022 Reverse Stock Split”) of our issued and outstanding shares of Class A common stock and Class B common stock (collectively, the "Common Stock") at 5:01 PM Eastern Time on August 9, 2022. As a result of the 2022 Reverse Stock Split, every 20 shares of Common Stock issued and outstanding were converted into one share of Common Stock. We paid cash in lieu of fractional shares, and accordingly, no fractional shares were issued in connection with the 2022 Reverse Stock Split.
On June 2, 2023, we filed a Certificate of Amendment to the A&R Charter with the SSSD, which effected a one-for-ten reverse stock split (the “2023 Reverse Stock Split” and together with the 2022 Reverse Stock Split, the "Reverse Stock Splits") of our issued and outstanding shares of Common Stock at 5:01 PM Eastern Time on June 5, 2023. As a result of the 2023 Reverse Stock Split, every ten shares of common stock issued and outstanding were converted into one share of common stock. We paid cash in lieu of fractional shares, and accordingly, no fractional shares were issued in connection with the 2023 Reverse Stock Split.
The Reverse Stock Splits did not change the par value of the Common Stock or the authorized number of shares of Common Stock. All outstanding options, restricted stock awards, warrants and other securities entitling their holders to purchase or otherwise receive shares of our Common Stock have been adjusted as a result of the Reverse Stock Splits, as required by the terms of each security. The number of shares available to be awarded under our Amended and Restated 2019 Equity Incentive Plan have also been appropriately adjusted. See "Note 10 — Compensation Plans" for more information.

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All share and per share amounts in these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and notes thereto have been retroactively adjusted for all periods presented to give effect to the Reverse Stock Splits, including reclassifying an amount equal to the reduction in par value of Common Stock to additional paid-in capital.
Liquidity and Going Concern
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP applicable to a going concern. This presentation contemplates the realization of assets and the satisfaction of liabilities in the normal course of business and does not include any adjustments relating to the recoverability and classification of recorded asset amounts or the amounts and classification of liabilities that might result from the outcome of the uncertainties described below.
Pursuant to ASC 205-40, Presentation of Financial Statements — Going Concern (“ASC 205-40”), management must evaluate whether there are conditions and events, considered in the aggregate, that raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern for one year after the date that these condensed consolidated financial statements are issued. In accordance with ASC 205-40, management’s analysis can only include the potential mitigating impact of management’s plans that have not been fully implemented as of the issuance date if (a) it is probable that management’s plans will be effectively implemented on a timely basis, and (b) it is probable that the plans, when implemented, will alleviate the relevant conditions or events that raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern.

Our primary requirements for liquidity and capital are working capital, debt service related to recent acquisitions and general corporate needs. Our primary sources of liquidity are our cash on hand and the cash flow that we generate from our operations, as well as proceeds from equity issuances, such as our June 2022, October 2022 and July 2023 Offerings, and our ATM program, each as described and defined below.
ATM Program and Shelf Registration Statement

While we have an effective shelf registration statement on Form S-3 (the "Shelf Registration Statement") to conduct securities offerings from time to time, for so long as our public float is less than $75 million, our ability to utilize the Shelf Registration Statement to raise capital is limited, as further described below. The Shelf Registration Statement registers the offer and sale of shares of our Class A common stock, preferred stock, $0.0001 par value per share (the "preferred stock"), depository shares representing our preferred stock, warrants to purchase shares of our Class A common stock, preferred stock or depository shares, and rights to purchase shares of our Class A common stock or preferred stock that may be issued by us in a maximum aggregate amount of up to $200 million. In August 2021, we filed a prospectus supplement and established an "at-the-market" equity offering program (the "ATM Program") that provides for the sale of shares of our Class A common stock having an aggregate offering price of up to $50 million, from time to time. However, we may be unable to access the capital markets because of current market volatility and the performance of our stock price.
On March 31, 2022, the date on which our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2021 (the "2021 Annual Report") was filed with the SEC, the Shelf Registration Statement became subject to the offering limits set forth in Instruction I.B.6 because our public float was less than $75 million. For so long as our public float is less than $75 million, the aggregate market value of securities sold by us under the Shelf Registration Statement (including our ATM Program) pursuant to Instruction I.B.6 during any 12 consecutive months may not exceed one-third of our public float. Since the launch of the ATM program in August 2021 and through December 31, 2022, we sold shares of our Class A common stock which generated gross proceeds of approximately $12.7 million and we paid fees to the sales agent of approximately $0.4 million. In light of our low cash position, we have been forced to sell stock under our ATM program at prices that may not otherwise be attractive and are dilutive. We have sold $2.2 million in securities pursuant to Instruction I.B.6 in the 12 calendar months preceding the date of filing of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Due to the untimely filing of our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended March 31, 2023 we are unable to issue additional shares of Class A common stock pursuant to the ATM Program or otherwise use the Shelf Registration Statement for a period of 12 months, which will limit our liquidity options in the capital markets.
Common Stock and Warrant Offerings
On June 27, 2022, we entered into a securities purchase agreement with an accredited investor, pursuant to which we agreed to issue and sell an aggregate of 58,500 shares of our Class A common stock, pre-funded warrants to purchase up to 49,500 shares of our Class A common stock (the “June 2022 Pre-Funded Warrants”) and warrants to purchase up to 108,000 shares of our Class A common stock (the “June 2022 Standard Warrants” and, together with the June 2022 Pre-Funded Warrants, the “June 2022 Warrants”), in a registered direct offering (the “June 2022 Offering”). The June 2022 Offering generated gross proceeds of approximately $5.4 million and net proceeds to the Company of approximately $5.0 million. All June 2022 Pre-Funded Warrants were exercised in July 2022, for de minimis net proceeds.
On October 27, 2022, we entered into securities purchase agreements with certain investors, pursuant to which we agreed to issue and sell an aggregate of 695,555 shares of our Class A common stock, pre-funded warrants to purchase up to 137,778 shares of our Class A Common Stock (the "October 2022 Pre-Funded Warrants") and warrants to purchase up to 1,666,667 shares of our Class A common stock (the "October 2022 Standard Warrants"). The October 2022 units were offered pursuant to
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a Registration Statement on Form S-1 (the "October 2022 Offering"). The October 2022 Offering generated gross proceeds of approximately $7.5 million and net proceeds to the Company of approximately $6.8 million.
On June 29, 2023, we entered into securities purchase agreements with certain investors, pursuant to which we agreed to issue and sell an aggregate of 560,476 shares of our Class A common stock, pre-funded warrants to purchase up to 3,487,143 shares of our Class A Common Stock (the "July 2023 Pre-Funded Warrants") and warrants to purchase up to 8,095,238 shares of our Class A common stock (the "July 2023 Standard Warrants"). The July 2023 units were offered pursuant to a Registration Statement on Form S-1 (the "July 2023 Offering"). The July 2023 Offering generated gross proceeds of approximately $4.3 million and net proceeds to the Company of approximately $3.8 million and closed on July 3, 2023.
Asset-Based Loan

On August 9, 2022, we entered into an asset-based loan agreement dated as of August 8, 2022 (the “Loan Agreement”), which made available to the Company a term loan of up to $15.0 million. On February 9, 2023, we entered into Amendment No. 2 to the Loan Agreement, in which we agreed to, among other things, voluntarily prepay approximately $6.6 million (inclusive of early termination fees and expenses) under the terms provided for under the Loan Agreement and the lenders under the Loan Agreement agreed to release $5.7 million in funds held in a blocked account pursuant to the terms of the Loan Agreement.

On August 7, 2023, we repaid the approximately $4.3 million in aggregate principal amount (the “Loan Repayment”) which remained outstanding under the terms of the Loan Agreement. As a result of the Loan Repayment, the Company has been released from its obligations under the Loan Agreement, in accordance with the terms of the Loan Agreement. See "Note 6 - Long Term Debt" for more information.

ERC Sale

On February 16, 2023, two of our wholly owned subsidiaries, Warehouse Goods LLC and KIM International LLC, entered into an agreement with a third-party institutional investor pursuant to which the investor purchased, for approximately $4.85 million in cash, an economic participation interest, at a discount, in our rights to payment from the United States Internal Revenue Service for certain periods with respect to the employee retention credits filed by us under the Employee Retention Credit program.

Future Receivables Financings

On July 31, 2023 and August 3, 2023, the Company received an aggregate of approximately $3.0 million in cash pursuant to the terms of future receivables financings (collectively, the “Future Receivables Financings”) entered into with two private lenders. The Company will make weekly payments under the Future Receivables Financings and is scheduled to repay the amounts due under the Future Receivables Financings in full in approximately six to eight months. See "Note 6 - Long Term Debt" for more information.

Management Initiatives

We have completed several initiatives to optimize our working capital requirements. We launched Groove, a new, innovative Greenlane Brands product line, which is accretive to gross profit, and we also rationalized our third-party brands product offering, which enables us to reduce inventory carrying costs and working capital requirements.

In April 2023, we successfully entered into two strategic partnerships which management believes will help significantly reduce our overall cost structure, enhance our margins and further support our facilities consolidation initiatives while also servicing and providing solutions to our customers. First, we entered into a strategic partnership (the “MJ Packaging Partnership”) with A&A Global Imports d/b/a MarijuanaPackaging.com (“MJ Pack”), a leading provider of packaging solutions to the cannabis industry. As part of the MJ Packaging Partnership, we will no longer purchase additional packaging inventory and MJ Pack will become our strategic partner to continue providing and enhancing packaging solutions for our customers. As a result of the MJ Packaging Partnership, we are no longer seeking a purchaser for our packaging division. Second, we entered into a strategic partnership with an affiliate of one of our existing vape suppliers (“Vape Partner”) to service certain key customers with vaporizer goods and services (the “Vape Partnership”). As part of the Vape Partnership, we will introduce our Vape Partner to certain key customers, assist with the promotion and the sale of certain vaporizer goods and services, and help coordinate the logistics, storage and distribution of such vaporizer products. If our Vape Partner and key customer(s) enter into a direct relationship, the customers would directly purchase vaporizer goods and services, which we currently sell them, directly from our Vape Partner and we would no longer need to purchase such vape inventory on behalf of such key customer(s). In exchange we would earn quarterly and annual commission payments from our strategic partners. While the strategic partnerships may result in a decrease in top line revenue for these packaging and vape products, these partnerships combined with some of our other restructuring initiatives should allow us to reduce our overall cost-structure and enhance our margins and convert millions of dollars of existing inventory back into cash, thereby improving our balance sheet.

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We have successfully renegotiated supplier partnership terms and are continuing to improve working capital arrangements with suppliers. We have made progress consolidating and streamlining our office, warehouse, and distribution operations footprint. We have reduced our workforce by approximately 49% throughout fiscal year 2022 to reduce costs and align with our revenue projections.

The Company has incurred net losses of $27.9 million and $182.2 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2023 and the year ended December 31, 2022, respectively. For the nine months ended September 30, 2023, cash provided by operating activities was $1.2 million, which included $4.9 million of cash from the ERC sale discussed above, and cash used in operating activities for the year ended December 31, 2022 was $26.4 million. The recent macroeconomic environment has caused weaker demand than contemplated under the Company's business plan, resulting in a reduction in projected revenue and cash flows for the twelve-month period included in the going concern evaluation.

As a result of our losses and our projected cash needs, combined with our current liquidity level, substantial doubt exists about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. The Company’s ability to continue as a going concern is contingent upon successful execution of management’s intended plan over the next twelve months to improve the Company’s liquidity and profitability, which includes, without limitation:

Further reducing operating costs expense by taking additional restructuring actions to align cost with revenue to achieve profitability.
Increasing revenue by introducing new products and acquiring new customers.
Execute on strategic partnerships accretive to margins and operating cash
Seeking additional capital through the issuance of debt or equity securities.

The consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments that may result from the outcome of this going concern uncertainty.
Use of Estimates
Conformity with U.S. GAAP requires the use of estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts in our consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. These estimates form the basis for judgments we make about the carrying values of our assets and liabilities, which are not readily apparent from other sources. We base our estimates and judgments on historical information and on various other assumptions that we believe are reasonable under the circumstances. U.S. GAAP requires us to make estimates and judgments in several areas. Such areas include, but are not limited to the following: the collectability of accounts receivable; the allowance for slow-moving or obsolete inventory; the realizability of deferred tax assets; the fair value of contingent consideration arrangements; the useful lives property and equipment; the calculation of our VAT taxes receivable and VAT taxes, fines, and penalties payable; our loss contingencies, including our TRA liability; and the valuation and assumptions underlying equity-based compensation. These estimates are based on management's knowledge about current events and expectations about actions we may undertake in the future. The actual results could differ materially from those estimates.
Segment Reporting
We manage our global business operations through our operating and reportable business segments. As of September 30, 2023, we had two reportable operating business segments: Industrial Goods and Consumer Goods. Our reportable segments have been identified based on how our chief operating decision maker ("CODM"), which is a committee comprised of our Chief Executive Officer ("CEO") and our Chief Financial and Legal Officer ("CFO"), manages our business, makes resource allocation and operating decisions, and evaluates operating performance. See “Note 12—Segment Reporting.”
Revenue Recognition
The Company transitioned to a commission revenue model for the majority of the sales for the Industrial segment. The company operates as a Sales Agent servicing vape customers and receives a commission for these services. The company was previously working directly with these customers and recognizing gross revenue versus straight commission revenue.
Our liability for returns, which is included within "Accrued expenses and other current liabilities" in our condensed consolidated balance sheets, was approximately $0.1 million and $0.3 million as of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively.
For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023, one customer represented approximately 13% and 28% of our net sales. No single customer represented more than 24% of our net sales for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022. As of September 30, 2023, one customer represented approximately 30% of accounts receivable. As of December 31, 2022, the Company had three customers who individually represented approximately 31%, 17% and 15% of accounts receivable, respectively.
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Value Added Taxes

During the third quarter of 2020, as part of a global tax strategy review, we determined that our European subsidiaries based in the Netherlands, which we acquired on September 30, 2019, had historically collected and remitted value added tax (“VAT”) payments, which related to direct-to-consumer sales to other European Union (“EU”) member states, directly to the Dutch tax authorities. In connection with our subsidiaries' payment of VAT to Dutch tax authorities rather than other EU member states, we may become subject to civil or criminal enforcement actions in certain EU jurisdictions, which could result in penalties.

We performed an analysis of the VAT overpayments to the Dutch tax authorities, which we expected to be refunded to us, and VAT payable to other EU member states, including potential fines and penalties. Based on this analysis, we recorded VAT payable of approximately $0.4 million relating to this matter within "Accrued expenses and other current liabilities” in our condensed consolidated balance sheet as of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022.

Pursuant to the purchase and sale agreement by which we acquired our European subsidiaries, the sellers are required to indemnify us against certain specified matters and losses, including any and all liabilities, claims, penalties and costs incurred or sustained by us in connection with non-compliance with tax laws in relation to activities of the sellers. The indemnity (or indemnification receivable) is limited to an amount equal to the purchase price under the purchase and sale agreement. During the three months ended March 31, 2022, we recognized a gain of approximately $1.8 million within "general and administrative expenses" in our condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss, which represented the partial reversal of a charge previously recognized based on the difference between the VAT payable and the VAT receivable and indemnification asset, as the indemnification asset became probable of recovery based on the reduction in our previously estimated VAT liability for penalties and interest based on our voluntary disclosure to, and ongoing settlement with, the relevant tax authorities in the EU member states.

As noted above, we have voluntarily disclosed VAT owed to several relevant tax authorities in the EU member states and believe in doing so we will reduce our liability for penalties and interest. Nonetheless, we may incur expenses in future periods related to such matters, including litigation costs and other expenses to defend our position. The outcome of such matters is inherently unpredictable and subject to significant uncertainties. Refer to "Note 7—Commitments and Contingencies" for additional discussion regarding our contingencies.
Recently Issued Accounting Guidance
In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses. The standard requires the use of an “expected loss” model on certain types of financial instruments. The standard also amends the impairment model for available-for-sale securities and requires estimated credit losses to be recorded as allowances rather than as reductions to the amortized cost of the securities. This standard was effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2022 for filers that are eligible to be smaller reporting companies under the SEC's definition, with early adoption permitted. We adopted this standard beginning January 1, 2023. Adoption of this standard did not have a material impact on our condensed consolidated financial statements.
In October 2021, the FASB issued ASU 2021-08, Business Combinations (Topic 805): Accounting for Contract Assets and Contract Liabilities from Contracts with Customers, which requires that an acquirer recognize and measure contract assets and contract liabilities acquired in a business combination in accordance with Topic 606, as if it had originated the contracts. Prior to this ASU, an acquirer generally recognizes contract assets acquired and contract liabilities assumed that arose from contracts with customers at fair value on the acquisition date. The ASU was effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022, with early adoption permitted. The ASU is to be applied prospectively to business combinations occurring on or after the effective date of the amendment (or if adopted early as of an interim period, as of the beginning of the fiscal year that includes the interim period of early application). We adopted this new standard beginning January 1, 2023. Adoption of this standard did not impact our condensed consolidated financial statements, as we did not complete any transactions to which this standard was applicable during the current reporting period.
Recently Issued Accounting Guidance Not Yet Adopted
In June 2022, the FASB issued ASU No. 2022-03, Fair Value Measurement of Equity Securities Subject to Contractual Sale Restrictions, which clarifies that a contractual sale restriction prohibiting the sale of an equity security is a characteristic of the reporting entity holding the equity security and is not included in the equity security’s unit of account. This standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2023, with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of adopting the standard.

NOTE 3. BUSINESS ACQUISITIONS AND DISPOSITIONS
Amended Eyce APA
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On April 7, 2022, we entered into an amendment to that certain Asset Purchase Agreement dated March 2, 2021 (the “Amended Eyce APA”), by and between Eyce and Warehouse Goods to accelerate the issuance of shares of Class A common stock issuable to Eyce under the agreement upon the attainment of certain EBITDA and revenue benchmarks (the “Amended 2022 Contingent Payment”), in an amount equal to $0.9 million. We issued 7,172 shares of Class A common stock to Eyce under the Amended 2022 Contingent Payment, which vest ratably in seven quarterly tranches starting on July 1, 2022, such that on January 1, 2024 (the “Vesting Date”), all shares issued to Eyce under the Amended 2022 Contingent Payment will have vested. The shares of Class A common stock issued under the Amended 2022 Contingent Payment are subject to certain forfeiture restrictions tied to the continued employment of certain Eyce personnel with the Company through the Vesting Date.

The Amended Eyce APA also provided for the payment of $0.9 million in cash in four equal installments on April 1, 2023, July 1, 2023, October 1, 2023 and January 1, 2024, contingent on the achievement of certain deliverables outlined in the Amended Eyce APA and the continued employment of certain Eyce personnel. The transaction was accounted for separately from acquisition accounting for the Eyce business combination. The April 2, 2023 and July 1, 2023 payments were paid timely, the remaining payments, if not paid timely will roll into the Synergy Imports, LLC Bridge Loan and included in the potential additionally deferred amounts under that Loan..

VIBES Sale

On July 19, 2022, Warehouse Goods entered into the Sale Agreement with Portofino to sell the Company’s 50% stake in VIBES Holdings LLC for total consideration of $4.6 million in cash. The transactions contemplated by the Sale Agreement were completed on July 19, 2022, immediately following the signing of the Sale Agreement. In conjunction with and as a result of the disposition of and deconsolidation of our interest in VIBES Holdings LLC, we recorded a gain of $2.0 million for the three months ended September 30, 2022, which is included as an offset in "general and administrative expenses" in our condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss, as well as a reduction to non-controlling interest on our condensed consolidated balance sheet as of September 30, 2022 of $1.8 million. In conjunction with the Sale Agreement, we retuned inventory to VIBES with a carrying value of approximately $2.4 million.

NOTE 4. FAIR VALUE OF FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS

Assets and Liabilities that are Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis

The carrying amounts for certain of our financial instruments, including cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable and certain accrued expenses and other assets and liabilities, approximate fair value due to the short-term nature of these instruments.

As of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, we had contingent consideration that is required to be measured at fair value on a recurring basis.

Our financial instruments measured at fair value on a recurring basis were as follows at the dates indicated:

Condensed Consolidated
Balance Sheet Caption
Fair Value at September 30, 2023
(in thousands)Level 1Level 2Level 3Total
Liabilities:
Contingent consideration - currentAccrued expenses and other current liabilities$ $ 1,500 1,500 
Total Liabilities$ $ $1,500 $1,500 

Condensed Consolidated
Balance Sheet Caption
Fair Value at December 31, 2022
(in thousands)Level 1Level 2Level 3Total
Liabilities:
Contingent consideration - currentAccrued expenses and other current liabilities$ $ $2,738 $2,738 
Total Liabilities$ $ $2,738 $2,738 

There were no transfers between Level 1 and Level 2 and no transfers to or from Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively.

Derivative Instrument and Hedging Activity
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On July 11, 2019, we entered into an interest rate swap contract to manage our risk associated with the interest rate fluctuations on the Company’s floating rate Real Estate Note described in “Note 6 - Debt.” The counterparty to this instrument was a reputable financial institution. Our interest rate swap contract was designated as a cash flow hedge at the inception date and was previously reflected at its fair value in our consolidated balance sheets. The fair value of our interest rate swap liability was determined based on the present value of expected future cash flows. Since our interest rate swap value was based on the LIBOR forward curve and credit default swap rates, which were observable at commonly quoted intervals for the full term of the swap, it was considered a Level 2 measurement.

Beginning with the second quarter of 2022, we discontinued hedge accounting for the interest rate swap contract. During the second quarter of 2022, we also reclassified the related accumulated other comprehensive income balance of $0.3 million to "interest expense" in our condensed consolidated statement of income and comprehensive loss.

Refer to “Note 8 — Supplemental Financial Information” for further details on the components of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively.

The unrealized loss on the derivative instrument prior to the discontinuation of hedge accounting was included within “Other comprehensive income (loss)” in our condensed consolidated statement of operations and comprehensive loss. There was no measure of hedge ineffectiveness and no reclassifications from other comprehensive loss into interest expense for the three months ended September 30, 2022. In August 2022, we terminated the interest swap contract.

Contingent Consideration

Each period we revalue our contingent consideration obligations associated with business acquisitions to their fair value. We estimate the fair value of the Product Launch Contingent Payments using a form of the scenario-based method, which includes significant unobservable inputs such as management’s identification of probability-weighted outcomes and a risk-adjusted discount rate over the earn-out period. Significant increases or decreases in these inputs could result in a significantly lower or higher fair value measurement of the contingent consideration liability. Changes in the fair value of contingent consideration are included within “Other income (expense), net” in our condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss.

A reconciliation of our liabilities that are measured and recorded at fair value on a recurring basis using significant unobservable inputs (Level 3) is as follows:
(in thousands)Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2023
Balance at December 31, 2022$2,738 
Cash payments for earned contingent consideration(350)
Transfer to notes payable
(1,150)
Loss (gain) from fair value adjustments included in results of operations262 
Balance September 30, 2023$1,500 

(in thousands)Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2022
Balance at December 31, 2021$6,857 
Eyce 2021 Contingent Payment settlement in Class A common stock(875)
Eyce 2021 Contingent Payment settlement in cash(875)
DaVinci 2021 Contingent Payment settlement in Class A common stock(2,611)
Write-off of Eyce 2022 Contingent Payment in conjunction with the Amended Eyce APA(267)
Gain from fair value adjustments included in results of operations(929)
Balance at September 30, 2022$1,300 

Equity Securities Without a Readily Determinable Fair Value

Our investment in equity securities without readily determinable fair value consist of ownership interests in Airgraft Inc., Sun Grown Packaging, LLC (“Sun Grown”) and Vapor Dosing Technologies, Inc. (“VIVA”). We determined that our ownership interests do not provide us with significant influence over the operations of these investments. Accordingly, we account for our investments in these entities as equity securities.

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Airgraft Inc., Sun Grown, and VIVA are private entities and their equity securities do not have a readily determinable fair value. We elected to measure these securities under the measurement alternative election at cost minus impairment, if any, with adjustments through earnings for observable price changes in orderly transactions for the identical or similar investment of the same issuer. We acquired our investments in Sun Grown and VIVA as part of our merger with KushCo, which we completed in August 2021. We did not identify any fair value adjustments related to these equity securities during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively.

As of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, the carrying value of our investment in equity securities without a readily determinable fair value was approximately $2.5 million and $2.5 million, respectively, included within "Other assets" in our condensed consolidated balance sheets. The carrying value included a fair value adjustment of $1.5 million based on an observable price change recognized during the year ended December 31, 2019.
NOTE 5. LEASES
Greenlane as a Lessee
As of September 30, 2023, we had facilities financed under operating leases consisting of warehouses, offices, and retail stores, with lease term expirations between 2023 and 2027. Lease terms are generally three to seven years for warehouses, office space and retail store locations. Our lease agreements do not contain any material residual value guarantees or material restrictive covenants.
The following table provides details of our future minimum lease payments under operating lease liabilities recorded in our condensed consolidated balance sheet as of September 30, 2023. The table below does not include commitments that are contingent on events or other factors that are currently uncertain or unknown.
(in thousands)Operating Leases
Remainder of 2023$261 
2024914 
2025942 
202681 
2027 and thereafter 
Total minimum lease payments$2,197 
Less: imputed interest61 
Present value of minimum lease payments$2,136 
Less: current portion898 
Long-term portion$1,238 
Rent expense under operating leases was approximately $0.4 million and $1.5 million for three and nine months ended September 30, 2023, respectively, and approximately $0.6 million and $2.1 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022, respectively.
The following expenses related to our operating leases were included in "general and administrative" expenses within our condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss:
For the nine months ended
September 30,
(in thousands)20232022
Operating lease cost
1,474 2,120 
Variable lease cost
461 696 
Total lease cost$1,935 $2,816 
The table below presents lease-related terms and discount rates as of September 30, 2023:
Operating Leases
Weighted average remaining lease terms2.2 years
Weighted average discount rate2.3 %

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NOTE 6. DEBT
Our debt balance, excluding operating lease liabilities and finance lease liabilities, consisted of the following amounts at the dates indicated:
(in thousands)September 30, 2023December 31, 2022
Asset-Based Loan$ $15,000 
DaVinci Promissory Note653 2,538 
Eyce Promissory Note 647 
Future Receivables Financings
2,150  
Secured Bridge Loan4,175  
6,978 18,185 
Less unamortized debt issuance costs (1,960)
Less current portion of debt(6,978)(3,185)
Debt, net, excluding operating and finance leases and liabilities$ $13,040 
Bridge Loan
In December 2021, we entered into a Secured Promissory Note with Aaron LoCascio, our co-founder, former Chief Executive Officer and President, and a current director of the Company, in which Mr. LoCascio provided us with a bridge loan in the principal amount of $8.0 million (the “December 2021 Note”). The December 2021 Note accrued interest at a rate of 15.0% is due monthly, and the principal amount was originally due in full on June 30, 2022. We incurred $0.3 million of debt issuance costs related to the December 2021 Note, which were recorded as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of the December 2021 Note, and which were amortized over the term of the December 2021 Note through interest expense. The December 2021 Note was secured by a continuing security interest in all of our assets and properties whether then or thereafter existing or required, including our inventory and receivables (as defined under the Universal Commercial Code) and included negative covenants restricting our ability to incur further indebtedness and engage in certain asset dispositions until the earlier of the maturity date or the December 2021 Note being fully repaid.
On June 30, 2022, we entered into the First Amendment to the December 2021 Note (the "First Amendment"), which extended the maturity date of the December 2021 Note to July 14, 2022. On July 14, 2022, we entered into the Second Amendment to the December 2021 Note (the “Second Amendment” and together with the December 2021 Note, the "Bridge Loan"), which provided for the extension of the maturity date of the Bridge Loan from July 14, 2022 to July 19, 2022. In connection with the entry into the Second Amendment, we repaid $4.0 million of the aggregate principal amount due under the Bridge Loan on July 14, 2022, with the remainder due at maturity. On July 19, 2022, we repaid the remaining balance on the Bridge Loan in full, and, as a result, all obligations under the Bridge Loan have been satisfied.
Real Estate Note
On October 1, 2018, one of the Operating Company’s wholly-owned subsidiaries financed the purchase of a building, which served as our corporate headquarters, through a real estate term note (the “Real Estate Note”) in the principal amount of $8.5 million. Our obligations under the Real Estate Note were secured by a mortgage on the property.
On August 8, 2022, we entered into a note, mortgage and loan modification agreement (the "Real Estate Note Amendment"), which amended the maturity date of the Real Estate Note to reflect a maturity date of December 1, 2022, whereupon all principal and accrued interest were to become due and payable, in full.
In September 2022, 1095 Broken Sound consummated the previously disclosed transactions contemplated by that certain Purchase and Sale Agreement, dated as of August 16, 2022, by and between 1095 Broken Sound and ACS 1095 LLC ("the HQ Purchaser") whereby 1095 Broken Sound agreed to sell a certain parcel of real estate including the our headquarters building to the HQ Purchaser for total proceeds of $9.6 million in cash. On the Closing Date, the Company used a portion of the proceeds from the HQ Transaction to repay the remainder of the Real Estate Note in full. There was no remaining balance related to the Real Estate Note on our consolidated balance sheet as of September 30, 2023 or December 31, 2022.
Asset-Based Loan
On August 9, 2022, we entered into an asset-based loan pursuant to that certain Loan and Security Agreement, dated as of August 8, 2022 (the “Loan Agreement”), by and among the Company, certain subsidiaries of the Company (the “Guarantors”), the parties thereto from time to time as lenders (the “Lenders”), and WhiteHawk Capital Partners LP, as the agent for the Lenders (the "Asset-Based Loan" or "Line of Credit").

Pursuant to the Loan Agreement, the Lenders agreed to make available to us a term loan of up to $15.0 million on the terms and conditions set forth therein and the other Financing Agreements (as defined therein). As of December 31, 2022, of the total term
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loan amount, $5.7 million was located in a blocked account, which was classified as “restricted cash” on our condensed consolidated balance sheet, and which released the funds when permitted by the borrowing base certificate. Subject to certain exceptions described in the Loan Agreement, the Company and the Guarantors agreed to pledge all of their assets as collateral. The maturity date of the Asset-Based Loan is the third anniversary of the closing date (the “Maturity Date”).

We incurred $1.5 million of debt issuance costs related to the Asset-Based Loan, as well as an original issue discount of $0.5 million, which were recorded as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of the Asset-Based Loan, and which were amortized through interest expense over the term of the Asset-Based Loan. The Asset-Based Loan contained customary covenants and restrictions, including, without limitation, covenants that required us to comply with applicable laws, restrictions on our ability to incur additional indebtedness, and various customary remedies for the lender following an event of default, including the acceleration of repayment of outstanding amounts under the Asset-Based Loan and execution upon the collateral securing obligations under the Asset-Based Loan.

The Asset-Based Loan accrued interest at the prime rate plus 8.0% and interest payments were due monthly. Based on the original terms, beginning with the fiscal quarter ending September 30, 2023, and for each fiscal quarter thereafter until the Maturity Date, quarterly payments of $0.3 million would be due, with a final payment of all remaining outstanding principal and accrued interest due on the Maturity Date.

On February 9, 2023, we entered into Amendment No. 2 to the Loan Agreement, pursuant to which we agreed to, among other things, to voluntarily prepay approximately $6.6 million (inclusive of early termination fees and expenses) under the terms provided for under the Loan Agreement and the lenders under the Loan Agreement agreed to release $5.7 million in funds held in a blocked account pursuant to the terms of the Loan Agreement. Amendment No. 2 to the Loan Agreement also provided that we would make additional prepayments upon the occurrence of certain specified asset sales by the Company.

On August 7, 2023, we repaid the approximately $4.3 million in aggregate principal amount (the “Loan Repayment”) which remained outstanding under the terms of the Loan Agreement. As a result of the Loan Repayment, the Company has been released from its obligations under the Loan Agreement, in accordance with the terms of the Loan Agreement.
DaVinci Promissory Note

In November 2021, one of the Operating Company's wholly-owned subsidiaries financed the acquisition of DaVinci through the issuance of an unsecured promissory note (the "DaVinci Promissory Note") in the principal amount of $5.0 million. Principal payments plus accrued interest at a rate of 4.0% are due quarterly through October 2023.
Eyce Promissory Note
In March 2021, one of the Operating Company's wholly-owned subsidiaries financed a portion of the consideration of the acquisition of Eyce through the issuance of an unsecured promissory note (the "Eyce Promissory Note") in the principal amount of $2.5 million. Principal payments plus accrued interest at a rate of 4.5% are due quarterly through April 2023. As of September 30, 2023, the Eyce Promissory Note was repaid in full, and there was no remaining balance on our condensed consolidated balance sheet.
Future Receivables Financings

On July 31, 2023 and August 3, 2023, the Company received an aggregate of approximately $3.0 million in cash pursuant to the terms of future receivables financings (collectively, the “Future Receivables Financings”) entered into with two private lenders. The Company will make weekly payments under the Future Receivables Financings and is scheduled to repay the amounts due under the Future Receivables Financings in full in approximately six to eight months. The total amount to be repaid under the initial Future Receivables Financings was approximately $4.5 million. In connection with the Future Receivables Financings, the Company granted the lenders security interests in Company's accounts receivable equal to the amounts due thereunder, and in connection with any event of default, the lenders may file financing statements evidencing the security interests.
Secured Bridge Loan
On September 22, 2023, Greenlane Holdings, Inc. (the “Company”) entered into a secured loan pursuant to a Loan and Security Agreement, dated as of September 22, 2023 (the “Loan Agreement”) with Synergy Imports, LLC (the "Lender").

Pursuant to the Loan Agreement, the Lender agreed to make available to the Company a six-month bridge loan of $2.2 million in new funds. Additionally, the Lender agreed to defer payments totaling $2,028,603.59 already owed by the Company under existing payment obligations and potentially defer up to an additional $2,655,777.63 which may become due pursuant to existing agreements during the term of the Loan Agreement.

Subject to certain exceptions, the Company agreed to pledge all of its assets, with the exception of deposit accounts and accounts receivable, as collateral. Additionally, the Company agreed to transfer one US patent and two related foreign patents
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and a related trademark in exchange for an exclusive license back of such assets in the area of smoking products and accessories in connection with the loan.
NOTE 7. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
Legal Proceedings

In the ordinary course of business, we are involved in various legal proceedings involving a variety of matters. We do not believe there are any pending legal proceedings that will have a material adverse effect on our business, consolidated financial position, results of operations, or cash flows. However, the outcome of such legal matters is inherently unpredictable and subject to significant uncertainties. We have not taken any reserves for litigation for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively.
Other Contingencies

We are potentially subject to claims related to various non-income taxes (such as sales, value added, consumption, and similar taxes) from various tax authorities, including in jurisdictions in which we already collect and remit such taxes. If the relevant taxing authorities were successfully to pursue these claims, we could be subject to significant additional tax liabilities.

See “Note 5—Leases” for details of our future minimum lease payments under operating lease liabilities. See “Note 11—Incomes Taxes” for information regarding income tax contingencies.
NOTE 8. SUPPLEMENTAL FINANCIAL STATEMENT INFORMATION
ERC Sale

As of December 31, 2022, we had recorded an Employee Retention Credit (“ERC”) receivable of $4.9 million within "Other current assets" on our consolidated balance sheets, and a corresponding amount was included in "Other income (expense), net" in our consolidated statement of operations and comprehensive loss for the year ended December 31, 2022. On February 16, 2023, two of Greenlane Holdings, Inc.’s subsidiaries, Warehouse Goods LLC and KIM International LLC (collectively, the “Company”), entered into an agreement with a third-party institutional investor pursuant to which the investor purchased, for approximately $4.9 million in cash, an economic participation interest, at a discount, in all of the Company’s rights to payment from the United States Internal Revenue Service with respect to the employee retention credits filed by the Company under the ERC program.
Other Current Assets
The following table summarizes the composition of other current assets as of the dates indicated:
(in thousands)September 30, 2023December 31, 2022
Other current assets:
Employee retention credit (ERC) receivable$ $4,854 
VAT refund receivable (Note 2)1,878 143 
Prepaid expenses2,757 1,293 
Indemnification receivable, net7 736 
Customs bonds1,200 1,378 
Other1,310 2,716 
$7,152 $11,120 
Accrued Expenses and Other Current Liabilities
The following table summarizes the composition of accrued expenses and other current liabilities as of the dates indicated:
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(in thousands)September 30, 2023December 31, 2022
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities:
VAT payable (including amounts related to VAT matter described in Note 2)$3,663 $2,809 
Contingent consideration1,500 2,738 
Accrued employee compensation2,323 3,812 
Amended Eyce APA 430 
Accrued professional fees320 818 
Refund liability (including accounts receivable credit balances)113 329 
Accrued construction in progress (ERP) 170 
Sales tax payable672 578 
Other805 198 
$9,396 $11,882 
Customer Deposits
For certain product offerings we may receive a deposit from the customer (generally 25% - 50% of the total order cost, but the amount can vary by customer contract), when an order is placed by a customer. We typically complete orders related to customer deposits within one to six months from the date of order, depending on the complexity of the customization and the size of the order, but the order completion timeline can vary by product type and terms of sale with each customer. Changes in our customer deposits liability balance during the nine months ended September 30, 2023 were as follows:
(in thousands)Customer Deposits
Balance as of December 31, 2022$3,983 
Increases due to deposits received, net of other adjustments4,135 
Revenue recognized(5,708)
Balance as of September 30, 2023$2,410 

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
The components of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) for the periods presented were as follows:
(in thousands)Foreign Currency TranslationUnrealized Gain or (Loss) on Derivative InstrumentTotal
Balance at December 31, 2022$55 $ $55 
Other comprehensive income (loss)183  183 
Less: Other comprehensive (income) loss attributable to non-controlling interest   
Balance at September 30, 2023$238 $ $238 
(in thousands)Foreign Currency TranslationUnrealized Gain or (Loss) on Derivative InstrumentTotal
Balance at December 31, 2021$282 $42 $324 
Other comprehensive income (loss)(212)358 146 
Less: Reclassification adjustment for (gain) loss included in net loss (Note 4) (332)(332)
Less: Other comprehensive (income) loss attributable to non-controlling interest(17)(68)(85)
Balance at September 30, 2022$53 $ $53 
Supplier Concentration
Our four largest vendors accounted for an aggregate of approximately 64.2% and 74.7% of our total purchases for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023, respectively, and an aggregate of approximately 66.9% and 72.6% of our total purchases for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022, respectively. We expect to maintain our relationships with these vendors.
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Related Party Transactions
Nicholas Kovacevich, our former Chief Corporate Development Officer, owns capital stock of Unrivaled Brands Inc. (“Unrivaled”) and serves on the Unrivaled board of directors. Net sales to Unrivaled totaled approximately $0 for both the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023, respectively, and $0 and $0.4 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022, respectively. Total accounts receivable due from Unrivaled were approximately $0.4 million as of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively. On February 8, 2023, we filed a lawsuit against Unrivaled in Superior Court of California, Orange County, seeking to compel the repayment of Unrivaled's open balance due to us. We can provide no assurances that we will be successful in this lawsuit, or that the amounts due to us, or any portion thereof, will be recovered.
Three individuals who were employees of the Company at the time are principals in Synergy Imports, LLC the Lender on the Secured Bridge Loan taken out on September 22, 2023, however, none are executive officers or directors of the Company.
NOTE 9. STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Shares of our Class A common stock have both voting interests and economic interests (i.e., the right to receive distributions or dividends, whether cash or stock, and proceeds upon dissolution, winding up or liquidation), while shares of our Class B common stock have voting interests but no economic interests. Each share of our Class A common stock and Class B common stock entitles the record holder thereof to one vote on all matters on which stockholders generally are entitled to vote, and except as otherwise required in the A&R Charter, the holders of Common Stock will vote together as a single class on all matters (or, if any holders of our preferred stock are entitled to vote together with the holders of Common Stock, as a single class with such holders of preferred stock).
Effective August 9, 2022, we completed a one-for-20 reverse stock split (the “2022 Reverse Stock Split”) of our issued and outstanding shares of Class A common stock and Class B common stock (collectively, the "Common Stock"), as further described in "Note 2 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies." As a result of the 2022 Reverse Stock Split, every 20 shares of Common Stock issued and outstanding were converted into one share of Common Stock. We paid cash in lieu of fractional shares, and accordingly, no fractional shares were issued in connection with the 2022 Reverse Stock Split.
Effective June 5, 2023, we completed a one-for-10 reverse stock split (the "2023 Reverse Stock Split" and together with the 2022 Reverse Stock Split, the "Reverse Stock Splits") of our issued and outstanding shares of Common Stock, as further described in "Note 2 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies." As a result of the 2023 Reverse Stock Split, every 10 shares of Common Stock issued and outstanding were converted into one share of Common Stock. We paid cash in lieu of fractional shares, and accordingly, no fractional shares were issued in connection with the 2023 Reverse Stock Split.
The Reverse Stock Splits did not change the par value of the Common Stock or the authorized number of shares of Common Stock. All share and per share amounts in these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and notes thereto have been retroactively adjusted for all periods presented to give effect to the Reverse Stock Splits, including reclassifying an amount equal to the reduction in par value of Common Stock to additional paid-in capital.
Non-Controlling Interest
As discussed in “Note 1—Business Operations and Organization,” we consolidate the financial results of the Operating Company in our consolidated financial statements and report a non-controlling interest related to the Common Units held by non-controlling interest holders. As of December 31, 2022, all Common Units of the Operating Company and Class B common stock had been exchanged for Class A common stock, and we owned 100.0% of the economic interests in the Operating Company. The non-controlling interest in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss represents the portion of the net loss attributable to the economic interest in the Operating Company previously held by the non-controlling holders of Common Units calculated based on the weighted average non-controlling interests’ ownership during the periods presented.
At-the-Market Equity Offering
In August 2021, we established an "at-the-market" equity offering program (the "ATM Program") that provides for the sale of shares of our Class A common stock having an aggregate offering price of up to $50 million, from time to time, through Cowen and Company, LLC ("Cowen"), as the sales agent. Net proceeds from sales of our shares of Class A common stock under the ATM Program are expected to be used for working capital and general corporate purposes.
Sales of our Class A common stock under the ATM Program may be made by means of transactions that are deemed to be an "at the market offering" as defined in Rule 415(a)(4) under the Securities Act, including sales made directly on the Nasdaq Global Market or sales made to or through a market maker or through an electronic communications network. We are under no obligation to offer and sell shares of our Class A common stock under the ATM Program.

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Shares of our Class A common stock will be issued pursuant to our effective shelf registration statement on Form S-3 (File No. 333-257654), and a prospectus supplement relating to the Class A common stock that was filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on April 18, 2022. Pursuant to Instruction I.B.6, in no event will the Company sell Class A common stock through the ATM Program with a value exceeding more than one-third of the Company’s “public float” (the market value of the Company’s Class A common stock and any other equity securities that it issues in the future that are held by non-affiliates) in any twelve-month period so long as the Company’s public float remains below $75.0 million.

On April 18, 2022, we entered into Amendment No. 1 (the “ATM Amendment”) to the sales agreement dated August 2, 2022 with Cowen. The purpose of the Amendment was to add the limitations imposed on the ATM Program by Instruction I.B.6 to the sales agreement. At the time of our entry into the ATM Amendment, approximately $37.3 million in shares remained available for issuance under the ATM Program.
Due to the untimely filing of our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended March 31, 2023 we are unable to issue additional shares of Class A common stock pursuant to the ATM Program or otherwise use the Shelf Registration Statement for a period of 12 months, which will limit our liquidity options in the capital markets.

The table below summarizes sales of our Class A common stock under the ATM program:
($ in thousands)August 2021 (Inception) through
September 30, 2023
Class A shares sold*97,262 
Gross proceeds$12,684 
Fees paid to sales agent$381 
Net proceeds$12,303 

*After giving effect to the Reverse Stock Splits.
Common Stock and Warrant Offerings
June 2022 Offering
On June 27, 2022, we entered into a securities purchase agreement with an accredited investor, pursuant to which we agreed to issue and sell an aggregate of 58,500 shares of our Class A common stock, pre-funded warrants to purchase up to 49,500 shares of our Class A common stock (the “June 2022 Pre-Funded Warrants”) and warrants to purchase up to 108,000 shares of our Class A common stock (the “June 2022 Standard Warrants” and, together with the June 2022 Pre-Funded Warrants, the “June 2022 Warrants”), in a registered direct offering (the “June 2022 Offering”). The shares of Class A common stock and June 2022 Warrants were sold in Units (the “June 2022 Units”), with each unit consisting of one share of Class A common stock or a June 2022 Pre-Funded Warrant and a June 2022 Standard Warrant to purchase one share of our Class A common stock. The June 2022 Units were offered pursuant to the Shelf Registration Statement. The June 2022 Standard Warrants are exercisable six months from the date of issuance at an exercise price equal to $5.00 per share of Class A common stock for a period of five years. Each June 2022 Pre-Funded Warrant is exercisable immediately with no expiration date for one share of Class A common stock at an exercise price of $0.001. The June 2022 Offering generated gross proceeds of approximately $5.4 million and net proceeds to the Company of approximately $5.0 million.
All June 2022 Pre-Funded Warrants were exercised in July 2022, based upon which we issued an additional 49,500 shares of our Class A common stock, for de minimis net proceeds.
October 2022 Offering
On October 27, 2022, we entered into securities purchase agreements with certain investors, pursuant to which we agreed to issue and sell an aggregate of 695,555 shares of our Class A common stock, pre-funded warrants to purchase up to 137,778 shares of our Class A common stock (the "October 2022 Pre-Funded Warrants") and warrants to purchase up to 1,666,667 shares of our Class A common stock (the "October 2022 Standard Warrants"). The October 2022 units each consisted of one share of Class A common stock or a October 2022 Pre-Funded Warrant and two October 2022 Standard Warrants to purchase one share of our Class A common stock. The October 2022 units were offered pursuant to the S-1 Registration Statement. The October 2022 Standard Warrants are exercisable immediately at an exercise price equal to $0.90 per share of Class A common stock for a period of seven years. Each October 2022 Pre-Funded Warrant is exercisable immediately with no expiration date for one share of Class A common stock at an exercise price of $0.0001. The October 2022 Offering generated gross proceeds of approximately $7.5 million and net proceeds to the Company of approximately $6.8 million.

All October 2022 Pre-Funded Warrants were exercised in November 2022, based upon which we issued an additional 137,778 shares of our Class A common stock, for de minimis net proceeds.


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July 2023 Offering
On June 29, 2023, we entered into securities purchase agreements with certain investors, pursuant to which we agreed to issue and sell an aggregate of 560,476 shares of our Class A common stock, pre-funded warrants to purchase up to 3,487,143 shares of our Class A common stock (the "July 2023 Pre-Funded Warrants") and warrants to purchase up to 8,095,238 shares of our Class A common stock (the "July 2023 Standard Warrants"). The July 2023 units each consisted of one share of Class A common stock or a July 2023 Pre-Funded Warrant and two July 2023 Standard Warrants to purchase one share of our Class A common stock. The July 2023 units were offered pursuant to an effective Registration Statement on Form S-1. The July 2023 Standard Warrants are exercisable immediately at an exercise price equal to $1.05 per share of Class A common stock for a period of five years. Each July 2023 Pre-Funded Warrant is exercisable immediately with no expiration date for one share of Class A common stock at an exercise price of $0.0001. The July 2023 Offering generated gross proceeds of approximately $4.3 million and net proceeds to the Company of approximately $3.8 million.

As of the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, 1,576,143 July 2023 Pre-Funded Warrants have been exercised, based upon which we issued an additional 1,576,143 shares of our Class A common stock, for de minimis net proceeds.

In connection with the July 2023 Offering, the Company entered into privately negotiated agreements with holders participating in the offering to amend existing outstanding warrants to purchase up to 1,344,367 shares of Class A common stock that were previously issued in connection with the June 2022 and October 2022 Offerings at exercise prices per share of $50.00 and $9.00, respectively, and expire on December 29, 2027 and November 1, 2029, respectively (collectively, the “Prior Warrants”), effective upon the closing of the July 2023 Offering to reduce the exercise price of the Prior Warrants to $1.05, the exercise price of the warrants to purchase shares of Class A common stock offered in the July 2023 Offering. All other terms of the Prior Warrants remained unchanged.
Net Loss Per Share
Basic net loss per share of Class A common stock is computed by dividing net loss attributable to Greenlane by the weighted-average number of shares of Class A common stock outstanding during the period. Diluted net loss per share of Class A common stock is computed by dividing net loss attributable to Greenlane by the weighted-average number of shares of Class A common stock outstanding adjusted to give effect to potentially dilutive instruments.
A reconciliation of the numerator and denominator used in the calculation of basic and diluted net loss per share of our Class A common stock is as follows (in thousands, except per share amounts):
Three months ended September 30,Nine months ended September 30,
(in thousands, except per share data)2023202220232022
Numerator:
Net loss$(10,098)$(137,245)$(27,869)$(170,475)
Less: Net loss attributable to non-controlling interests19 (6,742)(27)(12,516)
Plus: Deemed Dividend on "October 2022 Standard Warrants"
$(388)$ $(388)$ 
Net loss attributable to Class A common stockholders$(10,505)$(130,503)$(28,230)$(157,959)
Denominator:
Weighted average shares of Class A common stock outstanding*5,513 657 2,918 569 
Net loss per share of Class A common stock - basic and diluted*$(1.91)$(198.51)$(9.67)$(277.41)
*After giving effect to the Reverse Stock Splits.
The June 2022 Pre-Funded Warrants, October 2022 Pre-Funded Warrants, July 2023 Pre-Funded Warrants were included in the weighted-average in the computation of basic net loss per share of Class A common stock for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023, respectively, beginning with their issuance date, as their stated exercise price of $0.001 was non-substantive and their exercise was virtually assured.
On June 29, 2023 in connection with the July 2023 Offering, the Company entered into agreements with holders participating in the offering to amend existing outstanding warrants to purchase up to 1,344,367 shares of Class A common stock that were previously issued in November 2022 at an exercise price per share of $9.00. The warrants expire on November 1, 2029. In connection with the amendment, the exercise price of the warrants was reduced to $1.05. The impact of the amendment resulted in a deemed dividend in the amount of $0.4 million. The deemed dividend was calculated by the change in fair value.
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For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively, shares of Class B common stock and stock options and warrants to purchase Class A common stock were excluded from the weighted-average in the computation of diluted net loss per share of Class A common stock because the effect would have been anti-dilutive.
Shares of our Class B common stock do not share in our earnings or losses and are therefore not participating securities. As such, separate calculations of basic and diluted net loss per share for each of our Class B common stock under the two-class method have not been presented for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022, respectively. As of December 31, 2022, all Common Units of the Operating Company and Class B common stock had been exchanged for Class A common stock, and we owned 100.0% of the economic interests in the Operating Company.
NOTE 10. COMPENSATION PLANS
Amended and Restated 2019 Equity Incentive Plan
In April 2019, we adopted the 2019 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2019 Plan”). In August 2021, we adopted, and our shareholders approved, the Amended and Restated 2019 Equity Incentive Plan (the "Amended 2019 Plan"), which amends and restates the 2019 Plan in its entirety. At our 2022 Annual Meeting of Stockholders on August 4, 2022, stockholders approved the Second Amended and Restated 2019 Equity Incentive Plan (the "Second Amended 2019 Plan") which, among other things, increased the number of shares of Class A common stock authorized for issuance under the Amended 2019 Plan. Following the effect of the Reverse Stock Splits, the total number of shares of Class A common stock authorized for issuance is 110,000 shares.

The Second Amended 2019 Plan provides eligible participants with compensation opportunities in the form of cash and equity incentive awards. The Second Amended 2019 Plan is designed to enhance our ability to attract, retain and motivate our employees, directors, and executive officers, and incentivizes them to increase our long-term growth and equity value in alignment with the interests of our stockholders.

On June 2, 2023, the Company's stockholders approved a third amendment and restatement of the 2019 Plan (the "Third Amended Plan"). The Third Amended Plan, among other things, increases the number of shares of Class A common stock authorized for issuance under the Second Amended 2019 Plan by 209,862 shares to an aggregate of 319,862 shares. As of the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, we have not filed a Registration Statement on Form S-8 with the Securities and Exchange Commission to register the additional shares authorized under the Third Amended Plan.

Equity-Based Compensation Expense
Equity-based compensation expense is included within "salaries, benefits and payroll taxes" in our condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss. We recognized equity-based compensation expense as follows:

For the three months ended
September 30,
For the nine months ended
September 30,
(in thousands)2023202220232022
Stock options - Class A common stock$(77)$82 $2 $1,017 
Restricted shares - Class A common stock8 105 29 463 
Restricted stock units (RSUs) - Class A common stock   11 
Total equity-based compensation expense$(69)$187 $31 $1,491 
Total remaining unrecognized compensation expense as of September 30, 2023 was as follows:
Remaining Unrecognized Compensation Expense
September 30, 2023
Weighted Average Period over which Remaining Unrecognized Compensation Expense is Expected to be Recognized
(in thousands)(in years)
Stock options - Class A common stock$45 1.1
Restricted shares - Class A common stock26 1.1
Total remaining unrecognized compensation expense$71 
NOTE 11. INCOME TAXES
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As a result of the IPO and the related transactions completed in April 2019, we owned a portion of the Common Units of the Operating Company, which is treated as a partnership for U.S. federal and most applicable state and local income tax purposes. As a partnership, the Operating Company was generally not subject to U.S. federal and certain state and local income taxes. Any taxable income or loss generated by the Operating Company was passed through to and included in the taxable income or loss of its members, including Greenlane, on a pro-rata basis, in accordance with the terms of the Operating Agreement. The Operating Company was also subject to taxes in foreign jurisdictions. We are a corporation subject to U.S. federal income taxes, in addition to state and local income taxes, based on our share of the Operating Company’s pass-through taxable income.
Effective on December 31, 2022, the Operating Company became wholly owned by us. As a result, the Operating Company’s tax status was converted from a partnership to a disregarded entity. Starting in 2023, 100% of the Operating Company’s U.S. income and expenses will be included in our US and state tax returns.
During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively, management performed an assessment of the realizability of our deferred tax assets based upon which management determined that it is not more likely than not that the results of operations will generate sufficient taxable income to realize portions of the net operating loss benefits. Consequently, we established a full valuation allowance against our deferred tax assets and reflected a carrying balance of $0 as of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively. In the event that management determines that we would be able to realize our deferred tax assets in the future in excess of their net recorded amount, an adjustment to the valuation allowance will be made, which would reduce December the provision for income taxes.

Uncertain Tax Positions

For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively, we did not have any unrecognized tax benefits as a result of tax positions taken during a prior period or during the current period. No interest or penalties have been recorded as a result of tax uncertainties. The Company is subject to audit examination for federal and state purposes for the years 2018 – 2022.

Tax Receivable Agreement (TRA)
We entered into the TRA with the Operating Company and each of the members (other than Greenlane Holdings, Inc.) that provides for the payment by the Operating Company to the members of 85% of the amount of tax benefits, if any, that we may actually realize (or in some circumstances are deemed to realize) as a result of (i) increases in tax basis resulting from any future redemptions of Common Units as described in “Note 1—Business Operations and Organization” and (ii) certain other tax benefits attributable to payments made under the TRA.
The annual tax benefits are computed by calculating the income taxes due, including such tax benefits, and the income taxes due without such benefits. The Operating Company expects to benefit from the remaining 15% of any tax benefits that it may actually realize. The TRA payments are not conditioned upon any continued ownership interest in the Operating Company. The rights of each noncontrolling interest holder under the TRA are assignable to transferees of its interest in the Operating Company. The timing and amount of aggregate payments due under the TRA may vary based on a number of factors, including the amount and timing of the taxable income the Operating Company generates each year and the applicable tax rate.

As noted above, we evaluated the realizability of the deferred tax assets resulting from the IPO and the related transactions completed in April 2019 and established a full valuation allowance against those benefits. As a result, we determined that the amount or timing of payments to noncontrolling interest holders under the TRA are no longer probable or reasonably estimable. Based on this assessment, our TRA liability was $0 as of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022.

If utilization of the deferred tax assets subject to the TRA becomes more likely than not in the future, we will record a liability related to the TRA, which would be recognized as expense within our condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive (loss) income.
During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively, we did not make any payments, inclusive of interest, to members of the Operating Company pursuant to the TRA.
NOTE 12. SEGMENT REPORTING
We define our segments as those operations whose results are regularly reviewed by our CODM to analyze performance and allocate resources. Therefore, segment information is prepared on the same basis that management reviews financial information for operational decision-making purposes. Our CODM is a committee comprised of our CEO and our CFO.
We determined we had two operating segments as of September 30, 2023, which are the same as our reportable segments: (1) Consumer Goods and (2) Industrial Goods. These operating segments align with how we manage our business as of the third quarter of 2023. The accounting policies of the reportable segments are the same as those described in "Note 2 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies."
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The Consumer Goods segment focuses on serving consumers across wholesale, retail and e-commerce operations—through both our proprietary Greenlane Brands, including Eyce, DaVinci, Groove, Marley Natural, Keith Haring and Higher Standards, as well as lifestyle products and accessories from leading brands, such as Storz and Bickel, PAX, and many more. The Consumer Goods segment forms a central part of our growth strategy, especially as it relates to scaling our own portfolio of higher-margin Greenlane Brands.

The Industrial Goods segment focuses on serving the premier brands, operators, and retailers through our wholesale operations by providing ancillary products essential to their growth, such as customizable packaging and supply products, which includes our vaporization solutions offering including CCELL branded products.

Our CODM allocates resources to, and assesses the performance of, our two operating segments based on the operating segments' net sales and gross profit. The following table sets forth information by reportable segment for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively. There were no material intersegment sales during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively.
For the three months ended
September 30, 2023
For the three months ended
September 30, 2022
(in thousands)Consumer GoodsIndustrial GoodsTotalConsumer GoodsIndustrial GoodsTotal
Net sales$5,988 $5,812 $11,800 $8,565 $20,115 $28,680 
Cost of sales4,197 4,474 8,671 7,937 15,774 23,711 
Gross profit$1,791 $1,338 $3,129 $628 $4,341 $4,969