Company Quick10K Filing
Quick10K
Genethera
10-Q 2018-09-30 Quarter: 2018-09-30
10-Q 2018-06-30 Quarter: 2018-06-30
10-Q 2018-03-31 Quarter: 2018-03-31
10-K 2017-12-31 Annual: 2017-12-31
10-K 2016-12-31 Annual: 2016-12-31
10-Q 2016-09-30 Quarter: 2016-09-30
10-Q 2016-06-30 Quarter: 2016-06-30
10-Q 2016-03-31 Quarter: 2016-03-31
10-K 2015-12-31 Annual: 2015-12-31
10-Q 2015-09-30 Quarter: 2015-09-30
10-Q 2015-06-30 Quarter: 2015-06-30
10-Q 2015-03-31 Quarter: 2015-03-31
10-K 2014-12-31 Annual: 2014-12-31
10-Q 2014-09-30 Quarter: 2014-09-30
10-Q 2014-06-30 Quarter: 2014-06-30
10-Q 2014-03-31 Quarter: 2014-03-31
10-K 2013-12-31 Annual: 2013-12-31
8-K 2018-12-06 Officers, Exhibits
8-K 2018-11-30 Enter Agreement, Exhibits
8-K 2018-09-12 Accountant, Exhibits
8-K 2018-08-31 Officers
WYN Wyndham 10,152
PPLT ETFS Platinum Trust 605
CNAB United Cannabis 43
RSRV Reserve Petroleum 33
SNNF Seneca Financial 16
SING Singlepoint 13
LTUM Lithium 8
CVLB Conversion Labs 6
SENZ Sport Endurance 2
BCTCV Boston Capital Tax Credit Fund V 0
GNTH 2018-09-30
Part I – Financial Information
Note 1 – Organization and Nature of Operations and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Note 2 - Going Concern
Note 3 - Property and Equipment
Note 4 - Related Party Transactions
Note 5 - Accrued Expenses
Note 6 - Convertible Notes Payable
Note 7 - Shareholders’ Equity
Note 8 - Commitments
Note 9 - Subsequent Events
Item 2: 
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 4. Controls and Procedures.
Part II - Other Information
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities
Item 4: Mine Safety Disclosures
Item 5: Other Information
Item 6: Exhibits
EX-31.1 exhibit_31-1.htm
EX-31.2 exhibit_31-2.htm
EX-32.1 exhibit_32-1.htm
EX-32.2 exhibit_32-2.htm

Genethera Earnings 2018-09-30

GNTH 10Q Quarterly Report

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow

10-Q 1 genethera_10q-17543.htm GENETHERA, INC. SEPTEMBER 30, 2018 10-Q Blueprint
 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-Q
 
☒ QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the Quarterly Period Ended September 30, 2018
 
  ☐ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
FOR THE TRANSITION PERIOD FROM ______ TO _________
 
Commission File Number:
000-27237
 
 
GeneThera, Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as Specified in its Charter)
 
Nevada
65-0622463
(State or Other Jurisdiction of
(Internal Revenue Service
Incorporation or Organization)
Employer Identification Number)
 
 
6860 N. Broadway Denver, CO
80221
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)
(Zip Code)
 
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code:  
(303) 955-0190
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Exchange Act:
None
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Exchange Act:
  Common Stock, $0.001 per share
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes ☐ No ☒
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.     Yes ☒ No ☐   
   
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).   Yes ☒ No ☐
 
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§ 229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-Q or any amendment to this Form 10-Q.   Yes ☒ No ☐
 
 
1
 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, and accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company.  See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
Large accelerated filer  ☐                         
Accelerated filer   ☐   
Non-accelerated filer  ☐                              
Smaller reporting company  
                                 
Emerging growth company 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.  Yes ☐ No ☒
 
State the number of shares of the issuer’s common stock outstanding, as of the latest practicable date: 40,064,983 shares of common stock issued and outstanding as of November 30, 2018.  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2
 
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
 
 
 
 
PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION
4
 
 
Financial Statements
 
 
 
Condensed Balance Sheets as of September 30, 2018 (Unaudited) and December 31, 2017 (audited)
5
 
 
Condensed Statements of Operations (Unaudited) for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 
6
 
 
Condensed Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited) for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017
7
 
 
Notes to (Unaudited) Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
8
 
 
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 13
 
 
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk
16
 
 
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
16
 
 
PART II - OTHER INFORMATION
18
 
 
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
 18
 
 
Item 1A. Risk Factors
19
 
 
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
19
 
 
Item 3. Defaults upon Senior Securities
19
 
 
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
19
 
 
Item 5. Other Information
19
 
 
Item 6. Exhibits
19
 
 
Signatures
20
 
 
 
 
 
3
 
 
PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
FORWARD-LOOKING AND CAUTIONARY STATEMENTS
 
Sections of this Form 10-Q, including Business and Management's Discussion and Analysis or Plan of Operation, contain "forward-looking statements". These forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties and other factors that may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from the results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements. You should not unduly rely on these statements. Forward-looking statements involve assumptions and describe our plans, strategies, and expectations. You can generally identify a forward-looking statement by words such as may, will, should, would, could, plan, goal, potential, expect, anticipate, estimate, believe, intend, project, and similar words and variations thereof. This report contains forward-looking statements that address, among other things:
 
* Our financing plans,
* Regulatory environments in which we operate or plan to operate, and
*Trends affecting our financial condition or results of operations, the impact of competition, the start-up of certain operations and acquisition opportunities.
 
Factors, risks, and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements ("Cautionary Statements") include, among others:
 
* Our ability to raise capital,
* Our ability to execute our business strategy in a very competitive environment,
* Our degree of financial leverage, risks associated with our acquiring and integrating companies into our own,
* Risks relating to rapidly developing technology, and regulatory considerations;
* Risks related to international economies,
* Risks related to market acceptance and demand for our products and services,
* The impact of competitive services and pricing, and
* Other risks referenced from time to time in our SEC filings.
 
All subsequent written and oral forward-looking statements attributable to us, or anyone acting on our behalf, are expressly qualified in their entirety by the cautionary statements. We do not undertake any obligations to publicly release any revisions to any forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date of this report or to reflect unanticipated events that may occur.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4
 
 
GeneThera, Inc. - Condensed Balance Sheets         
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
September 30, 2018
 
 
December 31, 2017
 
ASSETS
 
(unaudited)
 
 
(audited)
 
Current assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash
 $71,974 
 $167,653 
Prepaid expenses
  - 
  - 
Total current assets
  71,974 
  167,653 
Property and equipment
    
    
Office and laboratory equipment and leasehold improvements
  729,859 
  729,859 
Automobile & Trucks
  27,800 
  26,400 
Less: Accumulated depreciation
  (734,029)
  (729,859)
Total property and equipment, net
  23,630 
  26,400 
Other assets - Deposit
  12,000 
  12,000 
TOTAL ASSETS
 $107,604 
 $206,053 
 
    
    
 
    
    
LIABILITIES & STOCKHOLDERS' DEFICIT
    
    
Current liabilities
    
    
Bank Overdraft
 $0 
 $- 
Accounts payable
  702,681 
  683,678 
 
    
    
Accrued expenses
  4,613,772 
  4,135,810 
Settlement payable
  384,545 
  384,545 
Notes payable
  25,800 
  25,800 
Convertible notes payable, net of discount
  488,960 
  488,960 
Loan from shareholder
  813,693 
  794,327 
Contingency
  880,162 
  880,162 
Total liabilities
  7,909,613 
  7,393,281 
 
    
    
Commitments and Contingencies
    
    
 
    
    
Stockholders' deficit:
    
    
Series A preferred stock, par value $0.001 per share, 20,000,000
    
    
shares authorized, 10,350 shares and 4,600 shares to be issued
    
    
as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively
  12 
  9 
Series B preferred stock, par value $0.001 per share, 30,000,000
    
    
shares authorized, 16,374,286 and 15,410,000 shares to be issued
    
    
as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively
  16,374 
  16,374 
Common stock, par value $0.001 per share, 300,000,000
    
    
shares authorized, 40,064,983 and 40,064,983 shares issued and
  40,065 
  40,065 
outstanding as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively
    
    
Common stock to be issued
  53,572 
  53,572 
Additional paid-in capital
  19,574,211 
  19,274,214 
Accumulated deficit
  (27,486,243)
  (26,571,461)
Total stockholders' deficit of Genethera, Inc.
  (7,802,009)
  (7,187,228)
TOTAL LIABILITIES & STOCKHOLDERS' DEFICIT
 $107,604 
 $206,053 
 
    
    
 
    
    
See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.              
 
 
 
5
 
 
GeneThera, Inc. - Condensed Statements of Operations (unaudited)                
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
Nine Months Ended
 
 
 
September 30,
 
 
September 30,
 
 
 
2018
 
 
2017
 
 
2018
 
 
2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Expenses
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
General and administrative expenses
  119,240 
  1,735 
 $243,232 
 $9,656 
Payroll expenses
  116,500 
  108,249 
  397,472 
  459,747 
Research and Development
  76,422 
  - 
  161,750 
    
Depreciation
  1,390 
  - 
  4,170 
  - 
Total operating expenses
  313,552 
  109,984 
  806,624 
  469,403 
Loss from operations
  (313,552)
  (109,984)
  (806,624)
  (469,403)
 
    
    
    
    
Other expenses
    
    
    
    
Interest expense
  (36,053)
  (35,891)
  (108,159)
  (109,500)
Loss on write of Investment
  - 
    
  - 
  - 
 
    
    
    
    
Loss on write off of vendor receivables
    
    
  - 
  (39,310)
Total other expense
  (36,053)
  (35,891)
  (108,159)
  (148,810)
Other Income
    
    
    
    
 
    
    
    
    
Total other Income
    
    
  - 
  - 
Net loss before income taxes
    
    
  (914,783)
  (618,213)
   Provision for income taxes
    
    
  - 
  - 
 
    
    
    
    
Net loss
  (349,605)
  (145,875)
 $(914,783)
 $(618,213)
 
    
    
    
    
Loss per common share - Basic and diluted
  (0.01)
  (0.00)
 $(0.02)
 $(0.02)
 
    
    
    
    
Weighted average common shares outstanding -
    
    
    
    
Basic and diluted
  40,064,983 
  40,064,983 
  40,064,983 
  40,064,983 
 
    
    
    
    
See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.                 
 
 
 
6
 
 
GeneThera, Inc. - Condensed Statements of Cash Flows (unaudited)        
           
 
  For the Nine Months Ended      
 
  September 30,      
 
 
2018
 
 
2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash flows from operating activities
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss
 $(914,783)
 $(618,213)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash  used in operating activities:
    
    
   Stock-based compensation
  - 
  135,000 
   Amortization of discount on debt
  - 
  - 
   Depreciation and amortization
  4,170 
  - 
   Shares issued for services
  - 
  - 
   Loss on write off of vendor receivables
  - 
  39,310 
   Loss on abandonment
  - 
  - 
   Loss on Investment
  - 
  - 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
    
    
   Deposit
  - 
  - 
   Fixed Assets
  - 
  - 
   Accounts receivable - related parties
  - 
  - 
   Accounts payable and accrued expenses - related parties
  - 
  18,173 
   Accounts payable and accrued expenses
  514,538 
  411,613 
 
    
    
     Net cash used in operating activities
  (396,075)
  (14,117)
 
    
    
Cash flows from investing activities
    
    
   Purchase of Fixed Asset
  (1,400)
  - 
 
    
    
     Net cash used in investing activities
  (1,400)
  - 
 
    
    
Cash flows from financing activities
    
    
   Proceeds from issuance of stock
  300,000 
  - 
 
    
    
   Proceeds from notes payable
  - 
  15,000 
  Net advance from related parties
  1,796 
  9,365 
   Proceeds from convertible notes
    
  - 
Net cash provided by financing activities
  301,796 
  24,365 
 
    
    
 
    
    
 
    
    
Net decrease in cash
  (95,679)
  10,248 
Cash  at the beginning of the year
  167,653 
  - 
Cash at the end of the year
  71,974 
  10,248 
 
    
    
See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.               
 
 
7
 
 
GENETHERA, INC.
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
For the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017
 
Note 1 – Organization and nature of operations and summary of significant accounting policies
 
Organization and nature of operations
 
The consolidated financial statements include GeneThera, Inc. and its wholly owned subsidiary GeneThera, Inc. (Colorado) (collectively, the “Company”). The Company has a long standing research collaboration with GTI Research, Inc. GTI Research is assisting the Company in managing the robotic technology project. The Company’s CEO is also collaborating with this project in order for the Company’s research and development to finally become commercial in order to generate revenues.
 
The Company is a biotechnology company that develops molecular assays for the detection of food contaminating pathogens, veterinary diseases and genetically modified organisms.
 
The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in conformity with U.S. GAAP pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) for interim financial information. Accordingly they do not include all of the information and notes required by U.S. GAAP for complete financial statements. The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements include all adjustments, which consist of normal recurring adjustments and transactions or events discrettly impacting the interim periods, considered necessary by management to fairly state our results of operations, financial position and cash flows. The operating results for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of results that may be expected for any other interim period or for the full year. These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in our 2017 Form 10-K. 
 
Use of estimates
 
The preparation of financial statements in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Certain prior period amounts in the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes have been reclassified to conform to the current period’s presentation.
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 
Cash equivalents are highly liquid investments with an original maturity of three months or less.
 
Principles of consolidation
 
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company, and its subsidiary. All intercompany accounts are eliminated upon consolidation.
 
Property and equipment, net
 
Property and equipment consists primarily of office and laboratory equipment, leasehold improvements, vehicle, and is stated at cost. Depreciation is computed on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives ranging from five to seven years.
 
 
8
 
 
Impairment of long-lived assets
 
The Company reviews the recoverability of its long-lived assets to determine whether events or changes in circumstances occurred that indicate the carrying value of the asset may not be recoverable. The assessment of possible impairment is based on the ability to recover the carrying value of the asset from the expected future cash flows of the related operations. If these cash flows are less than the carrying value of such asset, an impairment loss is recognized for the difference between the estimated fair value and carrying value. The measurement of impairment requires management to make estimates of these cash flows related to long-lived assets, as well as other fair value determinations.
 
Revenue recognition
 
There were no revenues during as of September 30, 2018 and 2017.
 
Stock-Based Compensation
 
Stock-based compensation is accounted for under FASB ASC Topic No. 718 – Compensation – Stock Compensation. The guidance requires recognition in the financial statements of the cost of employee services received in exchange for an award of equity instruments over the period the employee is required to perform the services in exchange for the award (presumptively the vesting period). The guidance also requires measurement of the cost of employee services received in exchange for an award based on the grant-date fair value of the award. The Company accounts for non-employee share-based awards in accordance with guidance related to equity instruments that are issued to other than employees for acquisition, or in conjunction with selling, goods or services.
 
Research and development costs
 
R&D cost are currently expensed as incurred and primarily include cost associated with R&D arrangements with external parties in connection with the Company’s robotic technology project.
 
Income taxes
 
Income taxes are accounted for in accordance with the provisions of FASB ASC Topic No. 740 - Income Taxes. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date. Valuation allowances are established, when necessary, to reduce deferred tax assets to the amounts expected to be realized.
 
Basic and diluted net loss per common share
 
Basic and diluted net loss per share calculations are presented in accordance with FASB ASC Topic No. 260 – Earnings per Share, and are calculated on the basis of the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted per share calculations includes the dilutive effect of common stock equivalents in years with net income. As the Company is in a loss position, any calculation of the dilutive effects of the Company's convertible securities would reduce the loss per share amount, and, as such, the Company will not perform the calculation. The weighted average potentially dilutive shares underlying the Company’s convertible securities excluded from the calculation of earnings per share as they would be anti-dilutive were 182,635,000 and 179,976,248 as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017.
 
Fair value of financial instruments
 
The carrying value of cash, accounts payable, accrued expenses and notes payable approximates fair value due to the short term nature of these accounts.
 
 
9
 
 
Recently issued accounting pronouncements
 
Accounting for Leases. In February 2016, the FASB amended the FASB Accounting Standards Codification and created a new Topic 842, Leases (the "New Lease Standard"). The guidance requires lessees to recognize a right-of-use asset and a lease liability for all leases (with the exception of short-term leases) at the commencement date and recognize expenses on their income statements similar to the current Topic 840, Leases. The New Lease Standard is effective for fiscal years and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2018. We will adopt this standard effective January 1, 2019. We have not finalized our assessment but believe this standard will have a significant impact on our consolidated balance sheet. The standard is not expected to have a material impact on the Company's results of operations or cash flows. The primary effect of adopting the New Lease Standard will be to record an asset and obligation for our operating lease which commenced in 2018.
 
Note 2 - Going Concern
 
As reflected in the accompanying consolidated financial statements, the Company has an accumulated deficit of $27,486,243 and negative working capital of $7,837,639 as of September 30, 2018. This raises substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. The Company’s ability to continue as a going concern is dependent on its ability to raise additional capital and implement its business plan. The consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments that might be necessary if the Company is unable to continue as a going concern.
 
Management believes that actions presently being taken to obtain additional funding and implement its strategic plans provide the opportunity for the Company to continue as a going concern.
 
Note 3 - Property and Equipment
 
As of January 23, 2018, the Company had purchased a vehicle in the amount of $27,800.
 
Note 4 - Related party transactions
 
The Company has an outstanding loan payable and accrued interest to Antonio Milici, its CEO and stockholder amounting to $705,096 and $693,155 as September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively. This outstanding loan to the Company is unsecured and bears interest at 2.41%. The Company has an outstanding loan and accrued interest payable to Tannya Irizarry, its COO and stockholder, amounting to $108,596 and $101,172 as September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively. This outstanding loan to the Company is unsecured and bears interest at 8%.
 
Tannya Irizarry owns one-third of GTI Corporate Transfer Agents, LLC, the Company’s transfer agent. During the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, the Company made payments to GTI Corporate Transfer Agents, LLC in the amounts of $5,144 and $227, respectively.
 
The Company relies on GTI Research, Inc. (“GTIR”), the Company’s scientific robotic technology collaborator, for conducting critical research and development activities on the Company’s robotic technology development project. For the three and nine-month periods ended September 30, 2018, the Company incurred costs of $76,422 and $161,750, respectively for development services from GTIR. In addition, the Company subleases from GTIR all of its office and lab space under a 75 month lease. GTIR holds a $12,000 security deposit paid by the Company in December of 2017 and the Company incurred base rental and triple net expenses of $29,183 and $87,550 associated with the lease during the three and nine-months ended September 30, 2018, respectively. See a description of the lease terms in Note 8 to the condensed consolidated financial statements.
 
The Company utilizes Elia Holding, LLC for construction and other maintenance services to maintain the Company’s office and lab space. Elia Holding, LLC is controller by Tannya Irizarry’s brother. Costs incurred related to such services were $0 and $4800 during the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2018, respectively.
 
 
10
 
 
Note 5 - Accrued expenses
 
The Company’s accrued expenses consisted of the following:
 
 
 
September 30, 2018
 
 
December 31, 2017
 
Accrued officer salaries (see below)
 $4,364,887 
 $4,007,415 
Accrued interest
  202,835 
  112,546 
Other
  46,050 
  15,849 
 
 $4,613,772 
 $4,135,810 
 
Note 6 - Convertible notes payable
 
The Company’s borrowed issued convertible notes are due on demand, bearing interest at an annual rate of 8%. The notes are convertible into shares of Company common stock at a conversion price of $0.01 to $0.05 per share. As of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the total outstanding principal and interest is $626,020 and $596,683, respectively. 
 
On April 18, 2018, the Company has received conversion notices on convertible notes totaling $16,000, plus accrued interest which will be converted into shares of the Company's common stock at conversion prices $0.015.
 
On April 24, 2018, the Company has received conversion notices on convertible notes totaling $1,500, plus accrued interest which will be converted into shares of the Company's common stock at conversion prices $0.02.
 
Note 7 - Shareholders’ equity
 
Preferred Stock
 
The Company has authorized 30,000,000 shares of Series A Preferred Stock, $.001 par value, and 20,000,000 shares of Series B Preferred Stock, $.001 par value.
 
As of December 31, 2017, the Company had agreed to issue 7,350 shares of Series A Preferred Stock, but no shares were issued and outstanding.
 
As of December 31, 2017, the Company had agreed to issue 16,374,286 shares of Series B Preferred Stock, but no shares were issued and outstanding.
 
An agreement was signed with FOGT, LLC, an entity controlled by a Board of Directors member, on April 18, 2018 to purchase and additional 3,000 Preferred A shares which remain to be issued as of the end of the quarter. The shares were valued based on the agreed upon purchase price of $100 per share. There was no value assigned to the imbedded conversion feature as it was out of the money and did not qualify for bifurcation base on the terms.
 
Common stock
 
The Company has authorized 300,000,000 shares of its common stock, $.001 par value. The Company had issued and outstanding 40,064,983 and 40,064,983 shares as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively.
 
 
11
 
 
Note 8 - Commitments
 
Employment Agreements
 
In 2017, the Company entered into five-year employment agreements with its chief executive and scientific officer and its chief administrative and financial officer. The agreements provide for compensation of $21,500 and $17,333 per month, respectively, and expire on January 31, 2022.
 
The agreements also provide for an aggregate bonus of $135,000 to be paid in Series Preferred stock in March of each year of the agreement. Both officers waived their rights for the preferred B stock to be issued to them in 2018. In November of 2018, the agreements were amended to discontinue the preferred B stock award and include the amounts in base pay effective January 1, 2019.
 
Office Space Lease
 
On January 1, 2018, the Company entered into a triple net sublease for a 7,990 square foot office and lab space on 6860 Broadway in Denver, Colorado 80221, with GTI Research, Inc. a related party, for 75 months. Future minimum lease payments under this lease are as follows:
 
Period
 
Monthly Base Rent
 
01/01/18 – 03/31/18
 $0 
04/01/18 – 03/31/19
 $5,993 
04/01/19 – 03/31/20
 $6,658 
04/01/20 – 03/31/21
 $7,324 
04/01/21 – 03/31/22
 $7,990 
04/01/22 – 03/31/23
 $8,656 
04/01/23 – 03/31/24
 $9,322 
 
In addition to the foregoing, we are required to pay our proportionate share of all real estate taxes, building insurance and maintenance costs which is current an estimated monthly charge of $2377.
 
We and GTI Research, Inc. sub-lease 750 square feet of office space for GTI Corporate Transfer Agents, LLC, on a month-to-month basis, partly in exchange for transfer agent services rendered to us.
 
Note 9 - Subsequent events
 
On October 25, 2018, Daniel M. Price converted $10,000 convertible note investment in the Company at $0.02 per share.
 
On October 25, 2018, Daniel M. Price converted $10,000 convertible note investment in the Company at $0.02 per share.
 
On October 25, 2018, Elia Holdings’ Managing Director, Rene I. Rivera, converted $14,980 convertible note investment in the Company at $0.03 per share.
 
On November 13, 2018, Anthos Holdings’ Managing Director, Patrick J. Rundle, converted $15,980 convertible note investment in the Company at $0.03 per share.
 
 
 
 
 
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ITEM 2: 
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
 
Sections of this Form 10-Q, including the Management’s Discussion and Analysis or Plan of Operation, contain “forward-looking statements”.  These forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties and other factors that may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from the results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements.  You should not unduly rely on these statements.  Forward-looking statements involve assumptions and describe our plans, strategies, and expectations.  You can generally identify a forward-looking statement by words such as “may,” “will,” “should,” “would,” “could,” “plans,” “goal,” “potential,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “believe,” “intent,” “project,” and similar words and variations thereof.  This report contains forward-looking statements that address, among other things,
 
* Our financing plans
* Regulatory environments in which we operate or plan to operate
* Trends affecting our financial condition or results of operations
* The impact of competition, the start-up of certain operations and acquisition opportunities.
 
Factors, risks, and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements (“Cautionary Statements”) include, among others,
 
* Our ability to raise capital
* Our ability to execute our business strategy in a very competitive environment
* Our degree of financial leverage
* Risks associated with our acquiring and integrating companies into our own
* Risks relating to rapidly developing technology
* Regulatory considerations
* Risks related to international economies
* Risks related to market acceptance and demand for our products and services
* The impact of competitive services and pricing
* Other risks referenced from time to time in our SEC filings
 
All subsequent written and oral forward-looking statements attributable to us, or anyone acting on our behalf, are expressly qualified in their entirety by the cautionary statements.  We do not undertake any obligations to publicly release any revisions to any forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date of this report or to reflect unanticipated events that may occur.
 
You should read the following discussion of our results and plan of operation in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto appearing elsewhere in this Form 10-Q.  Statements in this Management’s Discussion and Analysis or Plan of Operation that are not statements of historical or current objective fact are “forward-looking statements.”
 
 
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OVERVIEW
 
We have developed proprietary diagnostic assays for use in the agricultural and veterinary markets.  Specific assays for Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) (among elk and deer) and Mad Cow Disease (among cattle) have been developed and are available currently on a limited basis.  E. coli (predominantly cattle) and Johne’s disease (predominantly cattle and bison) diagnostics are in development.  We are also working on vaccine solutions to meet the growing demands of today’s veterinary industry and tomorrow’s agriculture and healthcare industries.  The Company is organized and operated both to continually apply its scientific research to more effective management of diseases and, in so doing, realize the commercial potential of molecular biotechnology.
 
We have not generated significant operating revenue as of September 30, 2018. Our ability to generate substantial operating revenue will depend on our ability to develop and obtain approval for molecular assays and developing therapeutic vaccines for the detection and prevention of food contaminating pathogens, veterinary diseases, and diseases affecting human health.
 
Our independent auditors have expressed substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern in their report on our consolidated financial statements as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017.  For the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and twelve months ended December 31, 2017, our operating losses were $914,783 and $757,720, respectively.  Our current liabilities exceeded current assets by $7,837,639 and $7,225,628 as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively.
 
For the nine months ended September 30, 2018, our operating losses were $914,783.
 
Although, we completed an equity financing with gross proceeds of approximately $1.1 million in 2005, we will require significant additional funding in order to achieve our business plan.  Over the next 12 months, in order to have the capability of achieving our business plan, we believe that we will require at least $20,000,000 in additional funding. We will attempt to raise these funds by both means of one or more private offerings of debt or equity securities.  In such events, we may need immediate additional funding.  Our capital requirements will depend on many factors including, but not limited to, the timing of further development of assays to detect the presence of infectious disease from the blood of live animals, our hiring of additional personnel, the applications for, and receipt of, regulatory approvals for any veterinary vaccines that we may develop, and other factors.  Our ability to raise capital will increase our ability to implement our business plan.
 
We also expect to spend a significant amount of our capital on research and development activities for commercialization relating to development and vaccine design/development.  When we are able to develop assays for different diseases, we intend to formalize the procedure into a commercial application through a series of laboratories to be owned and operated by GeneThera.  To date, we have introduced our diagnostic solution for Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) and Mad Cow Disease on a very limited basis.  We anticipate that significant funds will be spent on research and development throughout the life of the Company, as this is the source for new products to be introduced to the market.  Our plan is to seek new innovations in the robotic biotechnology field.  We may be successful in developing or validating any new assays and, when we are successful in developing and validating any such assays, we may be able to successfully commercialize them or earn profits from sales of those assays.  Furthermore, we may be able to design, develop, or successfully commercialize vaccines as a result of our research and development efforts.
 
RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS
 
The Company has an outstanding loan payable and accrued interest to Antonio Milici, its CEO and stockholder amounting to $705,096 and $693,155 as September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively. This outstanding loan to the Company is unsecured and bears interest at 2.41%. The Company has an outstanding loan and accrued interest payable to Tannya Irizarry, its COO and stockholder, amounting to $108,596 and $101,172 as September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively. This outstanding loan to the Company is unsecured and bears interest at 8%.
 
 
 
14
 
 
GTI Corporate Transfer Agents, LLC is the Company’s transfer agent.  On August 20, 2015, Ms. Michelle Torres Colón was promoted to be the new managing director with a 34% ownership and/or interest. Ms. Tannya Irizarry is a board member and has a 33% ownership and/or interest. As of April 18, 2016, Ms. Janice Ortega is the assistant managing director with a 33% ownership and/or interest. Ms. Krystle Rundle returned as a board member.
 
RECENTLY ISSUED ACCOUNTING STANDARDS
 
In February 2016, the FASB amended the FASB Accounting standards Codification and created a new Topic 842, Leases (the "New Lease Standard"). The guidance requires lessees to recognize a right-of-use asset and a lease liability for all leases (with the exception of short-term leases) at the commencement date and recognize expenses on their income statements similar to the current Topic 840, Leases. The New Lease Standard is effective for fiscal years and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2018. We will adopt this standard effective January 1, 2019. We have not finalized our assessment but believe this standard will have a significant impact on our consolidated balance sheet. The standard is not expected to have a material impact on the Company's results of operations or cash flows. The primary effect of adopting the New Lease Standard will be to record an asset and obligation for our operating lease which commenced in 2018.
 
EMPLOYEES
 
As of September 30, 2018, we had a total of two full-time employees who devoted substantial effort on our behalf. None of our employees are represented by a collective bargaining unit.  We entered into an employment agreement with Antonio Milici, M.D., Ph.D., to serve as our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Scientific Officer through January 31, 2022.  In consideration for his services, Dr. Milici will receive a base salary of $258, 000 per annum plus bonuses as may be determined by the Board of Directors at its sole discretion.  As part of his employment agreement, Dr. Milici is subject to non-disclosure and non-competition obligations and has transferred to the Company all of his interests in any idea, concept, technique, invention or written work.  We also entered into an employment agreement with Tannya L. Irizarry to serve as our Chief Administrative Officer through January 31, 2022.  Since May 2006, Ms. Irizarry is also our Chief Financial Officer (Interim). Ms. Irizarry’s base salary is $208,000 per annum.   There are no employee issues at this time.
 
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
 
FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2018, COMPARED TO THE THREE MONTHS ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2017
 
The company did not generate any revenue for the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017.
 
The company had total operating expenses of $313,552 for the three months ended September 30, 2018, compared to total operating expenses of $109,984 for the three months ended September 30, 2017, an increase of $203,568 from the prior period. The increase is general and administrative expenses increasing by $117,505, payroll expense increased by $8,251 and research & development by $76,422 over the prior period.
 
We had a net loss of $349,605 for the three months ended September 30, 2018, compared to a net loss of $145,875 for the three months ended September 30, 2017, an increase of $203,730 from the prior period.
 
FOR THE NINE MONTHS ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2018, COMPARED TO THE NINE MONTHS ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2017
 
The company did not generate any revenue for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017.
 
We had total operating expenses of $806,624 for the nine months ended September 30, 2018, compared to total operating expenses of $469,403 for the nine months ended September 30, 2017, a increase of $337,221 from the prior period. The increase is administrative expenses which increased by $233,576, research & development by $161,750 over the prior period.
 
We had a net loss of $914,783 for the nine months ended September 30, 2018, compared to a net loss of $618,213 for the nine months ended September 30, 2017, a increase of $296,570 from the prior period.
 
 
15
 
 
LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES
 
We had total assets as of September 30, 2018 of $107,604, which included cash of $71,974, other assets – Deposit of $12,000 and total property and equipment net $23,630.
 
We had total liabilities of $7,909,613 as of September 30, 2018, which included $702,681 of accounts payable, $4,613,772 of accrued liabilities, and $2,593,160 of notes and loans payable and other liabilities.
 
We had negative working capital of $7,837,639 and an accumulated deficit of $27,486,243 as of September 30, 2018.
 
It is estimated that we will require outside capital for the remainder of 2018 for the commercialization of GeneThera molecular assays as well as the development of our therapeutic vaccines. The Company intends to raise these funds by means of one or more private offerings of debt or equity securities or both. The Company is still in discussions with one or two groups to obtain financing through equity. No definitive agreements have been signed. There are no guarantees whether the Company will be able to secure such financing, and if the financing is secured, there are no guarantees whether the Company can achieve the goals laid out in its business plan fully. We will require significant additional funding in order to achieve our business plan.
 
Our longer-term working capital and capital requirements will depend upon numerous factors, including revenue and profit generation, pre-clinical studies and clinical trials, the timing and cost of obtaining regulatory approvals, the cost of filing, prosecuting, defending, and enforcing patent claims and other intellectual property rights, competing technological and market developments, and collaborative arrangements. Additional capital will be required in order to attain such goals. Such additional funds may not become available on acceptable terms and we cannot give any assurance that any additional funding that we do obtain will be sufficient to meet our needs in the long term.
 
In the future, we may be required to seek additional capital by selling debt or equity securities, selling assets, or otherwise be required to bring cash flows in balance when we approach a condition of cash insufficiency. The sale of additional equity or debt securities, if accomplished, may result in dilution to our then shareholders.
 
The Company has no off balance sheet commitments or arrangements.
 
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk
 
Pursuant to Item 305(e) of Regulation S-K (§ 229.305(e)), the Company is not required to provide the information required by this Item as it is a “smaller reporting company,” as defined by Rule 229.10(f)(1).
 
Item 4. Controls and Procedures.
 
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
 
In connection with the preparation of this annual report, an evaluation was carried out by the Company’s management, with the participation of the chief executive officer and the acting chief financial officer, of the effectiveness of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (“Exchange Act”)) as of June 30, 2018. Disclosure controls and procedures are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in reports filed or submitted under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time periods specified in the Commission’s rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to management, including the chief executive officer and the chief financial officer, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosures.
 
 
16
 
 
Based on that evaluation, the Company’s management concluded, as of the end of the period covered by this report, that the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures were ineffective in recording, processing, summarizing, and reporting information required to be disclosed, within the time periods specified in the Commission’s rules and forms, and such information was not accumulated and communicated to management, including the chief executive officer and the chief financial officer, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosures.
 
Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting
 
The Company’s management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting. The Company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process, under the supervision of the chief executive officer and the chief financial officer, designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of the Company’s financial statements for external purposes in accordance with United States generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP). Internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that:
 
Pertain to the maintenance of records that in reasonable detail accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the Company’s assets.
 
Provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of the financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and the board of directors.
 
Provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the Company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.
 
Due to its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.
 
The Company’s management conducted an assessment of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2017, based on criteria established in Internal Control – Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission, this assessment is to determine if there exist material weaknesses in internal control over financial reporting. A material weakness is a control deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies in internal control over financial reporting that creates a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement in annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis. Our assessment of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting identified certain material weaknesses, therefore management considers its internal control over financial reporting to not be effective.
 
The matters involving internal control over financial reporting that our management considered to be material weaknesses were:
 
Insufficient accounting resources. Management had insufficient accounting resources, which insufficiency resulted in delays associated with our reporting of our operating results.  Accordingly, we determined as of September 30, 2018, that the insufficient accounting resources are part of the material weaknesses as stated above.
 
US GAAP knowledge. Management has engaged an external consultant to counter the internal lack of US GAAP knowledge. Nonetheless, internally there is a lack of internal US GAAP knowledge, therefore, the work of the external consultant does not entirely compensate for this internal deficiency. Accordingly, we determined as of September 30, 2018, that the internal lack of US GAAP knowledge is part of the material weaknesses as stated above.
 
 
17
 
 
As a result of the material weaknesses in internal control over financial reporting described above, the Company’s management has concluded that, as of September 30, 2018, that the Company’s internal control over financial reporting was not effective based on the criteria in Internal Control – Integrated Framework  issued by the COSO. The Company intends to remedy its material weaknesses by:
 
engaging a new accounting consultant that has a working knowledge of GAAP accounting
 
This interim quarterly report does not include an attestation report of our independent registered public accounting firm regarding internal control over financial reporting. We were not required to have, nor have we, engaged our independent registered public accounting firm to perform an audit of internal control over financial reporting pursuant to the rules of the Commission that permit us to provide only management’s report in this annual report.
 
Changes in Internal Controls over Financial Reporting
 
During the period ended September 30, 2018, management has implemented a variety of internal controls procedure and financial reporting oversight.  This has enabled the company to perform an assessment of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting.  This assessment did identify material weaknesses; which management intends to remedy.
 
 
PART II - OTHER INFORMATION
 
ITEM 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
 
Unless otherwise noted, these judgements are accrued in accounts payable.
 
On June 6, 2008, M.A.G. Capital, LLC; Mercator Momentum Fund III, LP; Mercator Momentum Fund, LP; and Monarch Pointe Fund, Ltd. filed a Judgment at the Orange County Recorder in the amount of $37,721. The Company has not satisfied the judgment.
 
On June 6, 2008, Mark A. Shoemaker filed a Civil Judgment at the LA County/Recorder of Deeds Court in the amount of $37,721. This lawyer has been disbarred and incarcerated. The Company will not satisfy the judgment.
 
In June 2009, James Tufts filed a complaint at the Small Claims Court in Jefferson County CO in the amount of $4,000 plus expenses from a London trip. The Company has not satisfied the judgment.
 
On June 26, 2009, Enterprise Leasing Company of Denver filed a Civil Judgment at the Jefferson County District Court in the State of Colorado in the amount of $78,178. The Company has not satisfied the judgment.
 
On August 17, 2010, Banc of America Leasing filed a Civil Judgment at the Oakland County District in Troy, Michigan in the amount of $24,002. The Company has not satisfied the judgment.
 
On September 23, 2010, Liberty Acquisitions filed a Civil Judgment at the Jefferson County Court in the State of Colorado in the amount of $3,300. The Company has not satisfied the judgment.
 
On February 10, 2009, Centennial Credit Corporation filed a Civil Judgment at the Jefferson County Court in the amount of $967. The Company has no idea which entity is this; therefore, the Company has not satisfied the judgment.
 
On August 29, 2011, GeneThera had a court hearing concerning a litigation filed by The Park III related to unpaid rent according to our lease agreement. The District Court of Boulder entered a judgment against the Company in the amount of $77,000. The Company has not satisfied the judgment.
 
On November 26, 2012, the Internal Revenue Service filed a Federal Tax Lien in the amount of $1,275. The Company has not satisfied the lien.
 
 
18
 
 
On November 14, 2014, Litchfield Church Ranch, LLC filed a Summons in Forcible Entry and Detainer against the Company after the owner was unable to sell the building to us because he was upended for over $800,000 in his mortgage. As per the Summons, the plaintiff claimed $364,968.69 in past due rent. As per our accounting records, the Company had $242,000 with the offer to purchase such property at $1,850,000 plus scheduled payments for the past due rent. The owner’s bank did not allow him to sell the property to the Company and/or anyone. We went to mediation. The owner’s legal team and our legal team settled for $115,000 with the contingency to pay the goodwill amount of $15,000 by September 12, 2015. We did. The Company has an additional six months to complete the remaining $100,000 settlement. If not paid off prior to August 12, 2016, there will be no discount and the Company shall owe the judgment balance in the amount of $325,885. The mediator, a retired judge, found in our favor. Therefore, the settlement was agreed upon by both parties. The Company did not pay the settlement agreement as of December 31, 2017 and default interest of a 18% is being accrued on the outstanding judgment balance. We will approach Litchfield with another settlement agreement, as soon as we are able to complete it.
 
Item 1A. Risk Factors
 
There have been no material changes from the risk factors previously disclosed in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed with the Commission on November 30, 2018 and investors are encouraged to review such risk factors prior to making an investment in the Company.
 
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
 
As of November 30, 2018, the Company issued no securities.
 
Item 3. Defaults upon Senior Securities
 
None.
 
Item 4: Mine Safety Disclosures
 
Not applicable.
 
Item 5: Other Information
 
None.
 
Item 6: Exhibits
 
 
(101)
XBRL
101.INS**
XBRL INSTANCE DOCUMENT
101.SCH**
XBRL TAXONOMY EXTENSION SCHEMA
101.CAL**
XBRL TAXONOMY EXTENSION CALCULATION LINKBASE
101.DEF**
XBRL TAXONOMY EXTENSION DEFINITION LINKBASE
101.LAB**
XBRL TAXONOMY EXTENSION LABEL LINKBASE
101.PRE**
XBRL TAXONOMY EXTENSION PRESENTATION LINKBASE
 
* Filed herewith.
** IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE TEMPORARY HARDSHIP EXEMPTION PROVIDED BY RULE 201 OF REGULATION S-T, THE DATE BY WHICH THE INTERACTIVE DATA FILE IS REQUIRED TO BE SUBMITTED HAS BEEN EXTENDED BY SIX BUSINESS DAYS.
 
 
19
 
 
SIGNATURES
 
In accordance with Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act, the registrant caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized on November 30, 2018.
 
 
GeneThera, Inc.
 
By: /s/ Antonio Milici
Antonio Milici, M.D., Ph.D.
President
(Principal Executive Officer)
 
 
By: /s/ Tannya L. Irizarry
Tannya L. Irizarry
Chief Financial Officer (Interim)
(Principal Financial/Accounting Officer)
 
In accordance with the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the Registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated.
 
Signature
 
Title
 
Date
 /s/ Antonio Milici
 
President, Director
 
11/30/18
Antonio Milici, M.D., PhD.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 /s/ Tannya L. Irizarry
 
Chief Financial Officer (Interim)
 
11/30/18
 
 
 
 
 
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