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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 30, 2024
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from              to
Commission File Number: 001-38950
GO Logo.jpg
Grocery Outlet Holding Corp.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware47-1874201
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
5650 Hollis Street, Emeryville, California
94608
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip Code)
(510845-1999
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading SymbolName of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $0.001 per shareGONasdaq Global Select Market

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ☒    No  ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes  ☒    No  ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company," and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer
Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ☐  No  
As of May 2, 2024, the registrant had 99,861,691 shares of common stock outstanding.




GROCERY OUTLET HOLDING CORP.
FORM 10-Q
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
Item 2.
Item 4.

1

SPECIAL NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
Certain statements contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q ("Form 10-Q" or "report") constitute "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. All statements contained in this report other than statements of historical fact may constitute forward-looking statements, including statements regarding our future operating results and financial position, our business strategy and plans, our acquisition and integration of United Grocery Outlet, business and market trends, macroeconomic and geopolitical conditions, and the sufficiency of our cash balances, working capital and cash generated from operating, investing and financing activities for our future liquidity and capital resource needs. Words such as "anticipate," "believe," "estimate," "expect," "intend," "may," "outlook," "plan," "project," "seek," "will," and similar expressions, are intended to identify such forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements are subject to a number of risks, uncertainties and assumptions that may cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied by any forward-looking statements we make, including those described under the headings "Risk Factors" and "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" and elsewhere in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 30, 2023, and as described in other subsequent reports we file with the United States ("U.S.") Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC"), including this report. We encourage you to read this report and our other filings with the SEC carefully. Moreover, we operate in a very competitive and rapidly changing environment and new risks emerge from time to time.
Although we believe that the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, and our expectations based on third-party information and projections are from sources that management believes to be reputable, we cannot guarantee future results, levels of activities, performance or achievements. These forward-looking statements are made as of the date of this report or as of the date specified herein and we have based these forward-looking statements on our current expectations and projections about future events and trends. Except as required by law, we do not undertake any duty to update any of these forward-looking statements after the date of this report or to conform these statements to actual results or revised expectations.
As used in this report, references to "Grocery Outlet," "the Company," "registrant," "we," "us" and "our," refer to Grocery Outlet Holding Corp. and its consolidated subsidiaries unless otherwise indicated or the context requires otherwise.
Website Disclosure
We use our website, https://investors.groceryoutlet.com, as a channel of distribution of Company information. Financial and other important information about us is routinely accessible through and posted on our website. Accordingly, investors should monitor our website, in addition to following our press releases, SEC filings and public conference calls and webcasts. The contents of our website and information accessible through our website is not, however, incorporated by reference or a part of this report. Our annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K and all amendments to those reports, and the proxy statements for our annual meetings of stockholders are available, free of charge, on our website as soon as practicable after we file the reports with the SEC.

2

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
GROCERY OUTLET HOLDING CORP.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)
(unaudited)
March 30,
2024
December 30,
2023
Assets
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$66,885 $114,987 
Independent operator receivables and current portion of independent operator notes, net of allowance $4,744 and $5,092
13,347 14,943 
Other accounts receivable, net of allowance $32 and $2
5,484 4,185 
Merchandise inventories362,730 349,993 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets29,954 32,443 
Total current assets478,400 516,551 
Independent operator notes and receivables, net of allowance $11,263 and $11,059
28,236 28,134 
Property and equipment, net680,614 642,462 
Operating lease right-of-use assets949,065 945,710 
Intangible assets, net80,189 78,556 
Goodwill747,943 747,943 
Other assets10,084 10,230 
Total assets$2,974,531 $2,969,586 
Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity
Current liabilities:
Trade accounts payable$223,710 $209,354 
Accrued and other current liabilities63,064 66,655 
Accrued compensation11,389 24,749 
Current portion of long-term debt5,625 5,625 
Current lease liabilities63,932 63,774 
Income and other taxes payable14,340 13,808 
Total current liabilities382,060 383,965 
Long-term debt, net285,331 287,107 
Deferred income tax liabilities, net36,909 38,601 
Long-term lease liabilities1,043,715 1,038,307 
Other long-term liabilities1,943 2,267
Total liabilities1,749,958 1,750,247 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 8)
Stockholders' equity:
Common stock, par value $0.001 per share, 500,000,000 shares authorized; 100,147,065 and 99,223,863 shares issued and outstanding, respectively
100 99 
Series A preferred stock, par value $0.001 per share, 50,000,000 shares authorized; no shares issued and outstanding
  
Additional paid-in capital883,534 877,276 
Retained earnings340,939 341,964 
Total stockholders' equity1,224,573 1,219,339 
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity$2,974,531 $2,969,586 
See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
3

GROCERY OUTLET HOLDING CORP.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
(in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)
13 Weeks Ended
March 30,
2024
April 1,
2023
Net sales$1,036,944 $965,467 
Cost of sales732,999 664,924 
Gross profit303,945 300,543 
Selling, general and administrative expenses303,382 267,725 
Operating income563 32,818 
Other expenses:
Interest expense, net3,176 5,919 
Loss on debt extinguishment and modification 5,340 
Total other expenses3,176 11,259 
Income (loss) before income taxes(2,613)21,559 
Income tax expense (benefit)(1,588)7,839 
Net income (loss) and comprehensive income (loss)$(1,025)$13,720 
Basic earnings (net loss) per share$(0.01)$0.14 
Diluted earnings (net loss) per share$(0.01)$0.14 
Weighted average shares outstanding:
Basic99,520 97,920 
Diluted99,520 100,569 
See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

4

GROCERY OUTLET HOLDING CORP.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
(in thousands, except share amounts)
(unaudited)
Common StockAdditional
Paid-In Capital
Retained EarningsStockholders' Equity
SharesAmount
Balance as of December 30, 202399,223,863 $99 $877,276 $341,964 $1,219,339 
Exercise and vesting of share-based awards1,124,005 1 3,441 — 3,442 
Share-based compensation expense— — 8,142 — 8,142 
Repurchase of common stock(200,803)— (5,325)— (5,325)
Net loss and comprehensive loss— — — (1,025)(1,025)
Balance as of March 30, 2024100,147,065 $100 $883,534 $340,939 $1,224,573 
See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

5

GROCERY OUTLET HOLDING CORP.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY, continued
(in thousands, except share amounts)
(unaudited)
Common StockAdditional
Paid-In Capital
Retained EarningsStockholders' Equity
SharesAmount
Balance as of December 31, 202297,674,356 $98 $847,589 $262,527 $1,110,214 
Exercise and vesting of share-based awards734,310 — 204 — 204 
Share-based compensation expense— — 6,676 — 6,676 
Repurchase of common stock(122,862)— (3,275)— (3,275)
Net income and comprehensive income— — — 13,720 13,720 
Balance as of April 1, 202398,285,804 $98 $851,194 $276,247 $1,127,539 
See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
6

GROCERY OUTLET HOLDING CORP.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(in thousands)
(unaudited)
13 Weeks Ended
March 30,
2024
April 1,
2023
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net income (loss)$(1,025)$13,720 
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation of property and equipment20,955 18,309 
Amortization of intangible and other assets3,934 2,366 
Amortization of debt issuance costs and debt discounts228 401 
Non-cash rent922 1,144 
Loss on debt extinguishment and modification 5,340 
Share-based compensation8,142 6,676 
Provision for independent operator and other accounts receivable reserves583 1,369 
Deferred income taxes(1,692)6,130 
Other364 105 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Independent operator and other accounts receivable1,241 (2,008)
Merchandise inventories(12,737)17,922 
Prepaid expenses and other assets2,305 (397)
Income and other taxes payable532 1,217 
Trade accounts payable, accrued compensation and other liabilities(17,432)11,343 
Operating lease liabilities1,521 3,995 
Net cash provided by operating activities7,841 87,632 
Cash flows from investing activities:
Advances to independent operators(3,132)(1,547)
Repayments of advances from independent operators1,503 2,010 
Purchases of property and equipment(46,266)(32,894)
Proceeds from sales of assets 20 
Investments in intangible assets and licenses(2,992)(7,936)
Net cash used in investing activities(50,887)(40,347)
Cash flows from financing activities:
Proceeds from exercise of stock options3,442 204 
Proceeds from senior term loan due 2028 300,000 
Proceeds from revolving credit facility 25,000 
Principal payments on senior term loan due 2025 (385,000)
Principal payments on senior term loan due 2028(1,875) 
Principal payments on finance leases(382)(320)
Repurchase of common stock(6,241)(3,275)
Debt issuance costs paid (4,507)
Net cash used in financing activities(5,056)(67,898)
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents(48,102)(20,613)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period114,987 102,728 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period$66,885 $82,115 
See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
7

GROCERY OUTLET HOLDING CORP.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
Note 1. Organization and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Description of Business — Based in Emeryville, California, and incorporated in Delaware in 2014, Grocery Outlet Holding Corp. (together with its wholly owned subsidiary, collectively, "Grocery Outlet," "we," or the "Company") is a high-growth, extreme value retailer of quality, name-brand consumables and fresh products sold through a network of independently operated stores. As of March 30, 2024, we had 474 stores throughout California, Washington, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Idaho, Nevada, Maryland, New Jersey and Ohio.
Basis of Presentation — The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("GAAP") and the applicable rules and regulations of the United States ("U.S.") Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC") for interim reporting. Certain information and note disclosures included in our annual financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations. The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 30, 2023 (the "2023 Form 10-K"). The condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 30, 2023 included herein has been derived from those audited consolidated financial statements.
Our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Grocery Outlet Holding Corp. and its wholly owned subsidiary. All intercompany balances and transactions were eliminated. In the opinion of management, these condensed consolidated financial statements include all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring adjustments, necessary for a fair statement of the results for the periods presented. The interim results of operations and cash flows are not necessarily indicative of those results and cash flows expected for any future interim or annual period.
Use of Estimates The preparation of condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results can differ from these estimates depending upon certain risks and uncertainties. Changes in these estimates are recorded when known. We consider our accounting policy relating to long-lived asset impairment to be a significant accounting policy that involves management's estimate and judgment.
Segment Reporting We manage our business as one operating segment. In addition, all of our sales were made to customers located in the U.S. and all property and equipment is located in the U.S.
Merchandise Inventories Merchandise inventories are valued at the lower of cost or net realizable value. Cost is determined by the weighted-average cost method for warehouse inventories and the retail inventory method for store inventories. We provide for estimated inventory losses between physical inventory counts based on historical averages. This provision is adjusted periodically to reflect the actual shrink results of the physical inventory counts.
Leases We determine if an arrangement is a lease at inception. Operating leases are included in operating lease right-of-use assets, current lease liabilities, and long-term lease liabilities in our condensed consolidated balance sheets. Finance leases are included in other assets, current lease liabilities, and long-term lease liabilities in our condensed consolidated balance sheets. Right-of-use assets represent our right to use an underlying asset for the lease term and lease liabilities represent our obligation to make lease payments arising from the lease over the same term. Right-of-use assets and liabilities are recognized at commencement date based on the present value of the lease payments over the lease term, reduced by landlord incentives. As most of our leases do not provide an implicit rate, we use our incremental borrowing rate, which is estimated to approximate the interest rate on a collateralized basis with similar terms and payments based on the information available at the commencement date, to determine the present value of our lease payments. Lease term is defined as the non-cancelable period of the lease plus any options to extend or terminate the lease when it is reasonably certain that we will exercise the option. Lease expense for operating lease payments is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term while finance lease payments are charged to interest expense and depreciation and amortization expense over the lease term. Leases with an initial term of 12 months or less are not recorded on the balance sheet; lease expense for these short-term leases is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term.
We generally lease retail facilities for store locations, distribution centers, office space and equipment and account for these leases as operating leases. We account for one retail store lease and certain equipment leases as finance leases. Lease and non-lease components are accounted for separately. We sublease certain real estate to unrelated third parties under non-cancelable leases and the sublease portfolio consists of operating leases for retail stores.
8

Fair Value Measurements Fair value is defined as the exchange price, or exit price, representing the amount that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants. The fair value of financial instruments is categorized based upon the level of judgment associated with the inputs used to measure their fair values. Fair value is measured using inputs from the three levels of the fair value hierarchy, which are described as follows:
Level 1 — Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities
Level 2 — Quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets or inputs that are observable
Level 3 — Unobservable inputs in which there is little or no market data, which requires us to develop our own assumptions when pricing the financial instruments, such as cash flow modeling assumptions
The assets' or liabilities' fair value measurement level within the fair value hierarchy is based on the lowest level of any input that is significant to the fair value measurement. The fair value framework requires that we maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value.
There were no assets or liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring or non-recurring basis as of March 30, 2024 or December 30, 2023. Generally, assets are recorded at fair value on a non-recurring basis as a result of impairment charges. There were no transfers of assets or liabilities between levels within the fair value hierarchy during the 13 weeks ended March 30, 2024.
Our financial assets and liabilities are carried at cost, which generally approximates their fair value, as described below:
Cash and cash equivalents, independent operator ("IO") receivables, other accounts receivable and accounts payable — The carrying value of such financial instruments approximates their fair value due to factors such as their short-term nature, their variable interest rates or the effect of the related allowance for expected credit losses.
Independent operator notes (net) — The carrying value of such financial instruments approximates their fair value due to the effect of the related allowance for expected credit losses.
The following table sets forth by level within the fair value hierarchy the carrying amounts and estimated fair values of our significant financial liabilities that are not recorded at fair value on the condensed consolidated balance sheets (amounts in thousands):
March 30,
2024
December 30,
2023
Carrying Amount (1)
Estimated Fair Value (2)
Carrying Amount (1)
Estimated Fair Value (2)
Financial Liabilities:
Senior term loans (Level 2)$290,956 $292,500 $292,732 $294,375 
_______________________
(1)The carrying amounts of the senior term loans as of March 30, 2024 and December 30, 2023 were net of debt issuance costs of $1.5 million and $1.6 million, respectively.
(2)The estimated fair value of our current senior term loan borrowings under the 2023 Credit Agreement, as defined in Note 3, was deemed to approximate the carrying value, excluding unamortized debt issuance costs, because the interest rate is variable with short reset periods and is reflective of the current market rate.
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Revenue Recognition
Net Sales — We recognize revenue from the sale of products at the point of sale, net of any taxes or deposits collected and remitted to governmental authorities. For e-commerce related sales in which a third-party provides home delivery service, revenue is recognized upon delivery to the customer. Our performance obligations are satisfied upon the transfer of goods to the customer, at the point of sale, and payment from customers is also due at the time of sale. Discounts provided to customers by us are recognized at the time of sale as a reduction in net sales as the products are sold. Discounts provided by IOs are not recognized as a reduction in net sales as these are provided solely by the IO who bears the incremental costs arising from the discount. We do not accept manufacturer coupons.
We do not have any material contract assets or receivables from contracts with customers, any revenue recognized in the current year from performance obligations satisfied in previous periods, any material performance obligations other than our gift card deferred revenue liability, or any material costs to obtain or fulfill a contract as of March 30, 2024 and December 30, 2023.
Gift Cards — We record a deferred revenue liability when a Grocery Outlet gift card is sold. Revenue related to gift cards is recognized as the gift cards are redeemed, which is when we have satisfied our performance obligation. While gift cards are generally redeemed within 12 months, some are never fully redeemed. We reduce the liability and recognize revenue for the unused portion of the gift cards ("breakage") under the proportional method, where recognition of breakage income is based upon the historical run-off rate of unredeemed gift cards. Our gift card deferred revenue liability was $2.3 million and $3.2 million as of March 30, 2024 and December 30, 2023, respectively. Breakage amounts were immaterial for the 13 weeks ended March 30, 2024 and April 1, 2023.
Disaggregated Revenues The following table presents net sales revenue by type of product for the periods indicated (amounts in thousands):
13 Weeks Ended
March 30,
2024
April 1,
2023
Perishable (1)
$380,265 $345,839 
Non-perishable (2)
656,679 619,628 
Total net sales$1,036,944 $965,467 
_______________________
(1)    Perishable departments include dairy and deli; produce and floral; and fresh meat and seafood.
(2)    Non-perishable departments include non-perishable grocery; general merchandise; health and beauty care; frozen foods; and beer and wine.
Variable Interest Entities In accordance with the variable interest entities sub-section of Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") Topic 810, Consolidation, we assess at each reporting period whether we, or any consolidated entity, are considered the primary beneficiary of a variable interest entity ("VIE") and therefore required to consolidate the financial results of the VIE in our condensed consolidated financial statements. Determining whether to consolidate a VIE may require judgment in assessing (i) whether an entity is a VIE, and (ii) if a reporting entity is a VIE's primary beneficiary. A reporting entity is determined to be a VIE's primary beneficiary if it has the power to direct the activities that most significantly impact a VIE's economic performance and the obligation to absorb losses or rights to receive benefits that could potentially be significant to a VIE.
We had 472, 466 and 441 stores operated by IOs as of March 30, 2024, December 30, 2023 and April 1, 2023, respectively. We have agreements in place with each IO. The IO orders merchandise exclusively from us which is provided to the IO on consignment. Under the Independent Operator Agreement (the "Operator Agreement"), the IO selects a majority of merchandise that we consign to the IO, which the IO chooses from our merchandise order guide according to the IO's knowledge and experience with local customer purchasing trends, preferences, historical sales and similar factors. The Operator Agreement gives the IO discretion to adjust our initial prices if the overall effect of all price changes at any time comports with the reputation of our Grocery Outlet retail stores for selling quality, name-brand consumables and fresh products and other merchandise at extreme discounts. The IO is required to furnish initial working capital and to acquire certain store and safety assets. The IO is also required to hire, train and employ a properly trained workforce sufficient in number to enable the IO to fulfill its obligations under the Operator Agreement. Additionally, the IO is responsible for expenses required for business operations, including all labor costs, utilities, credit card processing fees, supplies, taxes, fines, levies and other expenses. Either party may terminate the Operator Agreement without cause upon 75 days' notice.
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As consignor of all merchandise to each IO, the aggregate net sales proceeds from merchandise sales belongs to us. Net sales related to IO stores were $1.0 billion and $951.6 million for the 13 weeks ended March 30, 2024 and April 1, 2023, respectively. We, in turn, pay each IO a commission based on a share of the gross profit of the store. Inventories and related net sales proceeds are our property, and we are responsible for store rent and related occupancy costs. IO commissions are expensed and included in selling, general and administrative expenses. IO commissions were $160.8 million and $145.2 million for the 13 weeks ended March 30, 2024 and April 1, 2023, respectively. IO commissions of $13.9 million and $21.7 million were included in accrued and other current liabilities as of March 30, 2024 and December 30, 2023, respectively.
An IO may fund its initial store investment from existing capital, a third-party loan or most commonly through a loan from us, as further discussed in Note 2. As collateral for IO obligations and performance, the Operator Agreement grants us the security interests in the assets owned by each IO related to the respective store. Since the total investment at risk associated with each IO is not sufficient to permit each IO to finance its activities without additional subordinated financial support, each IO is a VIE that we have a variable interest in. To determine if we are the primary beneficiary of a VIE, we evaluate whether we have (i) the power to direct the activities that most significantly impact the IO's economic performance and (ii) the obligation to absorb losses or the right to receive benefits of the IO that could potentially be significant to the IO. Our evaluation includes identification of significant activities and an assessment of the IO's ability to direct those activities.
Activities that most significantly impact the IO's economic performance relate to sales and labor. Sales activities that significantly impact the IO's economic performance include determining what merchandise the IO will order and sell and the price of such merchandise, both of which the IO controls. The IO is also responsible for all of its own labor. Labor activities that significantly impact the IO's economic performance include hiring, training, supervising, directing, compensating (including wages, salaries and employee benefits) and terminating all of the employees of the IO, activities which the IO controls. Accordingly, the IO has the power to direct the activities that most significantly impact the IO's economic performance. Furthermore, the mutual termination rights associated with the Operator Agreement illustrate the lack of ultimate control over the IO. Therefore, we are not the primary beneficiary of these VIEs.
Our maximum exposure, in accordance with ASC Topic 810, to the IOs is generally limited to the IO notes and IO receivables due from these entities, which was $57.6 million and $59.2 million as of March 30, 2024 and December 30, 2023, respectively. See Note 2 for additional information.
Recently Adopted Accounting Standards
No recently adopted accounting pronouncements had a material effect in our condensed consolidated financial statements.
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") No. 2023-07 — In November 2023, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued ASU No. 2023-07, Segment Reporting (Topic 280) ("ASU 2023-07"). ASU 2023-07 expands public entities’ segment disclosures by requiring disclosure of significant segment expenses that are regularly provided to the chief operating decision maker and included within each reported measure of segment profit or loss, an amount and description of its composition for other segment items, and interim disclosures of a reportable segment’s profit or loss and assets. All disclosure requirements of ASU 2023-07 are required for entities with a single reportable segment. ASU 2023-07 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2023 and interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2024. We will adopt ASU 2023-07 upon the effective date and are currently evaluating the impact on our consolidated financial statements and disclosures.
ASU No. 2023-09 — In December 2023, the FASB issued ASU No. 2023-09, Income Taxes (Topic 740) ("ASU 2023-09"). ASU 2023-09 requires public entities’ to disclose additional information in specified categories with respect to the reconciliation of the effective tax rate to the statutory rate (the rate reconciliation) for federal, state, and foreign income taxes. It also requires greater detail about individual reconciling items in the rate reconciliation to the extent the impact of those items exceeds a specified threshold. In addition to new disclosures associated with the rate reconciliation, the ASU requires information pertaining to taxes paid (net of refunds received) to be disaggregated for federal, state, and foreign taxes and further disaggregated for specific jurisdictions to the extent the related amounts exceed a quantitative threshold. ASU 2023-09 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2024. We will adopt ASU 2023-09 upon the effective date and are currently evaluating the impact on our consolidated financial statements and disclosures.
Note 2. Independent Operator Notes and Independent Operator Receivables
The amounts included in IO notes and IO receivables consist primarily of funds we loaned to IOs, net of estimated uncollectible amounts. IO notes, which are payable on demand and have no maturity date, typically bear interest at rates between 5.50% and 9.95%. Accrued interest receivable on IO notes is included within the "independent operator
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receivables and current portion of independent operator notes, net of allowance" line item on the condensed consolidated balance sheets and was $2.0 million and $1.8 million as of March 30, 2024 and December 30, 2023, respectively. There were no IO notes that were past due or on a non-accrual status due to delinquency as of March 30, 2024 or December 30, 2023. Notes and receivables from our IOs participating in our Temporary Commission Adjustment Program ("TCAP"), as defined below, are not considered to be past due or on a non-accrual status due to delinquency and are excluded from such measures.
IO notes and IO receivables are financial assets which are measured and carried at amortized cost. An allowance for expected credit losses is deducted from (for expected losses) or added to (for expected recoveries) the amortized cost basis of these assets to arrive at the net carrying amount expected to be collected for such assets.
The allowance is estimated using an expected loss framework, which includes information about past events, current conditions, and reasonable and supportable forecasts that impact the collectibility of the reported amounts of the assets over their lifetime. The allowance is evaluated on a collective basis for assets with shared risk characteristics and credit quality indicators. The primary shared risk characteristic and credit quality indicator pools that we use as a basis for collective evaluation include:
TCAP — Includes the notes and receivables from IOs with stores that have been open for more than 18 months that are participating in our TCAP as of the end of each reporting period. TCAP allows us to provide a greater commission to participating IOs who require assistance in meeting their working capital needs for various reasons, such as new or increased competition or differences in IO skills and experience.
Non-TCAP Includes the notes and receivables from IOs with stores that have been open for more than 18 months that are not participating in TCAP as of the end of each reporting period.
New store Includes the notes and receivables from IOs with stores that have been open for less than 18 months as of the end of each reporting period, and may or may not be participating in TCAP.
Assets without such shared risk characteristics or credit quality indicators, such as assets with unique circumstances or with delinquencies and historical losses in excess of their TCAP, non-TCAP or new store peers are evaluated on an individual basis.
Amounts due from IOs and the related allowances as of March 30, 2024 and December 30, 2023 consisted of the following (amounts in thousands):
AllowanceCurrent PortionLong-term Portion
GrossCurrent PortionLong-term PortionNet
March 30, 2024
Independent operator notes$41,276 $(713)$(10,665)$29,898 $1,662 $28,236 
Independent operator receivables16,314 (4,031)(598)11,685 11,685  
Total$57,590 $(4,744)$(11,263)$41,583 $13,347 $28,236 
AllowanceCurrent PortionLong-term Portion
GrossCurrent PortionLong-term PortionNet
December 30, 2023
Independent operator notes$41,123 $(754)$(10,435)$29,934 $1,800 $28,134 
Independent operator receivables18,105 (4,338)(624)13,143 13,143  
Total$59,228 $(5,092)$(11,059)$43,077 $14,943 $28,134 

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A summary of activity in the IO notes and IO receivables allowance was as follows (amounts in thousands):
13 Weeks Ended
March 30,
2024
April 1,
2023
Beginning balance$16,151 $14,747 
Provision for IO notes and IO receivables reserves553 1,348 
Write-off of uncollectible for IO notes and IO receivables(697)(138)
Ending Balance$16,007 $15,957 

The following table presents the outstanding gross balance of IO notes by fiscal year of origination and credit quality indicator as of March 30, 2024 (amounts in thousands):
Fiscal Year of Origination
Credit Quality Indicator2024 (YTD)2023202220212020PriorTotal
TCAP$541 $3,356 $6,979 $3,383 $1,875 $1,392 $17,526 
Non-TCAP831 3,828 3,542 3,478 2,276 2,460 16,415 
New store1,381 4,637 1,317    7,335 
Total$2,753 $11,821 $11,838 $6,861 $4,151 $3,852 $41,276 
TCAP IO Notes
Notes of IOs participating in our TCAP represented 53.3% and 51.6% of total IO note balances as of March 30, 2024 and December 30, 2023, respectively.
A total of $1.2 million of IO notes were added into our TCAP during the 13 weeks ended March 30, 2024. The weighted average contractual interest rate of such IO notes during that period was reduced from 9.95% and, as of March 30, 2024, was 5.50%. In addition, $0.2 million of IO notes were transferred from TCAP to Non-TCAP during the 13 weeks ended March 30, 2024.
Note 3. Long-term Debt
Long-term debt consisted of the following (amounts in thousands):
March 30,
2024
December 30,
2023
2023 Credit Agreement:
Senior term loan due 2028$292,500 $294,375 
Long-term debt, gross292,500 294,375 
Less: Unamortized debt issuance costs
(1,544)(1,643)
Long-term debt, less unamortized debt issuance costs290,956 292,732 
Less: Current portion(5,625)(5,625)
Long-term debt, net$285,331 $287,107 
2023 Credit Agreement
We are party to a credit agreement, dated February 21, 2023 (the "2023 Credit Agreement"), with Bank of America, N.A., as administrative agent and collateral agent, and a syndicate of lenders that consists of (i) a senior secured term loan facility (the "senior term loan") and (ii) a senior secured revolving credit facility (the "revolving credit facility" and, together with the senior term loan, the "credit facilities") in an aggregate principal amount of $400.0 million. The revolving credit facility includes sub-commitments for $50.0 million letters of credit and $25.0 million of swingline loans.
Borrowings under the 2023 Credit Agreement bear interest at a rate equal to, at our option, either (a) the base rate, which is defined as a fluctuating rate per annum equal to the greatest of (i) the federal funds rate then in effect, plus 0.50%, (ii) the prime rate then in effect and (iii) a specified Term SOFR (as defined in the 2023 Credit Agreement) rate plus 1.00%, subject to the interest rate floors set forth therein, plus an applicable margin ranging from 0.75% to 1.75% based on our Total Net Leverage Ratio (as defined in the 2023 Credit Agreement); and (b) an adjusted Term SOFR rate determined
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on the basis of a one, three or six month interest period, plus 0.10%, subject to the interest rate floors set forth therein, plus an applicable margin ranging from 1.75% to 2.75% based on our Total Net Leverage Ratio. As of March 30, 2024, interest on borrowings under the credit facilities was based on one-month Term SOFR with an applicable margin of 2.00%.
The 2023 Credit Agreement permits us to add incremental term loan facilities, increase any existing term loan facility, increase revolving commitments, and/or add incremental replacement revolving credit facility tranches. The aggregate principal amount of such incremental facilities are limited to (a) an amount not in excess of the sum of the greater of $200.0 million and 100% of Consolidated EBITDA (as defined in the 2023 Credit Agreement), subject to certain limitations, plus (b) voluntary prepayments of any term loan facility, voluntary permanent reductions of the commitments for the revolving credit facility and voluntary prepayments of indebtedness secured by liens on the collateral securing the credit facilities, subject to certain exceptions, plus (c) an amount such that (assuming that the full amount of any such incremental revolving increase and/or incremental replacement revolving credit facility was drawn, and after giving effect to any appropriate pro forma adjustment events) we would be in compliance, on a pro forma basis (but excluding the cash proceeds of such incurrence), with a Total Net Leverage Ratio of 3.00 to 1.00.
Our obligations under the 2023 Credit Agreement are unconditionally guaranteed by the Company’s wholly owned restricted subsidiaries, subject to certain exceptions. All obligations under the 2023 Credit Agreement, and the guarantee of such obligations, are secured, subject to permitted liens and other exceptions, by substantially all of the Company’s assets and those of each subsidiary guarantor.
The 2023 Credit Agreement requires us to make scheduled amortization payments of the senior term loan. We may voluntarily prepay the credit facilities, in whole or in part, at any time without premium or penalty, subject to reimbursement of the lenders’ breakage and redeployment costs in applicable cases.
Senior Term Loan due 2028
The senior term loan under the 2023 Credit Agreement matures on February 21, 2028 and had an interest rate of 7.43% as of March 30, 2024.
Revolving Credit Facility
As of March 30, 2024 we had $4.2 million of outstanding letters of credit and $395.8 million of remaining borrowing capacity available under the revolving credit facility, which matures on February 21, 2028. The interest rate on the revolving credit facility was 7.43% as of March 30, 2024. No amounts were outstanding under the revolving credit facility as of March 30, 2024 and December 30, 2023. $25.0 million of principal on the revolving credit facility was borrowed at closing on February 21, 2023 and was subsequently repaid on April 21, 2023. Subsequent to March 30, 2024, in April 2024, $80.0 million of principal was borrowed from the revolving credit facility.
We are required to pay a quarterly commitment fee ranging from 0.15% to 0.30% on the daily unused amount of the commitment under the revolving credit facility based upon our Total Net Leverage Ratio. We are also required to pay fronting fees and other customary fees for letters of credit issued under the revolving credit facility.
Debt Covenants
The 2023 Credit Agreement contains certain customary representations and warranties, subject to limitations and exceptions, and affirmative and customary covenants. The 2023 Credit Agreement contains certain covenants that, among other things, limit our ability and the ability of our restricted subsidiaries to: pay dividends or distributions, repurchase equity, prepay junior debt and make certain investments; incur additional debt or issue certain disqualified stock and preferred stock; incur liens on assets; merge or consolidate with another company or sell, assign, transfer, lease, convey or otherwise dispose of all or substantially all of its assets; enter into transactions with affiliates; and allow to exist certain restrictions on the ability of our subsidiaries to pay dividends or make other payments to the borrower. The 2023 Credit Agreement also contains financial performance covenants requiring us to satisfy a maximum total net leverage ratio test and a minimum interest coverage ratio test as of the last day of each fiscal quarter. The maximum total net leverage ratio test requires us to be in compliance with a Total Net Leverage Ratio no greater than 3.50 to 1.00 as of the last day of each test period ending prior to the test period ending on or about December 31, 2025, and no greater than 3.25 to 1.00 as of the last day of each test period ending thereafter, subject to certain adjustments set forth in the 2023 Credit Agreement. The minimum interest coverage ratio test requires us to be in compliance with a Consolidated Interest Coverage Ratio (as defined in the 2023 Credit Agreement) of no less than 1.75 to 1.00 as of the last day of each test period.
As of March 30, 2024, we were in compliance with all applicable financial covenant requirements for the 2023 Credit Agreement.
Schedule of Principal Maturities
Principal maturities of debt as of March 30, 2024 are as follows (amounts in thousands):
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Remainder of fiscal 2024$3,750 
Fiscal 202515,000 
Fiscal 202615,000 
Fiscal 202715,000 
Fiscal 2028243,750 
Thereafter 
Total$292,500 
Interest Expense, Net
Interest expense, net, consisted of the following (amounts in thousands):
13 Weeks Ended
March 30,
2024
April 1,
2023
Interest on loans$5,678 $7,107 
Amortization of debt issuance costs and debt discounts228 401 
Interest on finance leases95 72 
Interest income(2,492)(1,661)
Capitalized interest(333) 
Interest expense, net$3,176 $5,919 
Loss on Debt Extinguishment and Modification
Loss on debt extinguishment and modification consisted of the following (amounts in thousands):
13 Weeks Ended
March 30,
2024
April 1,
2023
Write off of debt issuance costs$ $4,518 
Write off of debt discounts 578 
Debt modification costs 244 
Loss on debt extinguishment and modification$ $5,340 
Note 4. Stockholders' Equity
Share Repurchase Program
In November 2021, our Board of Directors approved a share repurchase program. This program, effective November 5, 2021 and without an expiration date, authorizes us to repurchase up to $100.0 million of our outstanding common stock utilizing a variety of methods including open-market purchases, accelerated share repurchase programs, privately negotiated transactions, structured repurchase transactions and under a Rule 10b5-1 plan (which would permit shares to be repurchased when we might otherwise be precluded from doing so under securities laws). Any repurchased shares are constructively retired and returned to an unissued status.
During the 13 weeks ended March 30, 2024, we repurchased 200,803 shares of common stock totaling $5.3 million at an average price of $26.52 per share in open-market transactions pursuant to a Rule 10b5-1 plan.
During the 13 weeks ended April 1, 2023, we repurchased 122,862 shares of common stock totaling $3.3 million at an average price of $26.66 per share in open-market transactions pursuant to a Rule 10b5-1 plan.
As of March 30, 2024, we had $84.4 million of repurchase authority remaining under the share repurchase program.
Note 5. Share-based Awards
For a discussion of our share-based incentive plans, refer to Note 8 of our 2023 Form 10-K.
Share-based Award Activity
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The following table summarizes stock option activity under all equity incentive plans during the 13 weeks ended March 30, 2024:
Time-Based Stock OptionsPerformance-Based Stock Options
Number of OptionsWeighted-Average
Exercise Price
Number of OptionsWeighted-Average
Exercise Price
Options outstanding as of December 30, 2023
2,091,523$12.97227,605$6.62
Exercised(453,640)7.34(29,775)3.81
Options outstanding as of March 30, 2024
1,637,883$14.53197,830$7.05
Options vested and exercisable as of March 30, 2024
1,627,850$14.53197,830$7.05
The following table summarizes restricted stock unit ("RSU") activity under all equity incentive plans during the 13 weeks ended March 30, 2024:
Number of SharesWeighted-Average
Grant Date Fair Value
Unvested balance as of December 30, 2023
857,820 $28.82 
Granted575,389 25.79 
Vested(339,198)29.73 
Forfeitures(4,957)28.08 
Unvested balance as of March 30, 2024
1,089,054 $26.94 
The following table summarizes performance-based restricted stock unit ("PSU") activity under the Grocery Outlet Holding Corp. 2019 Incentive Plan during the 13 weeks ended March 30, 2024:
Number of SharesWeighted-Average
Grant Date Fair Value
Unvested balance as of December 30, 2023
1,753,989 $29.50 
Granted (1)
559,861 25.79 
Adjustment for expected performance achievement (2)
88,817 27.34 
Vested(301,392)35.45 
Forfeitures(2,364)27.77 
Unvested balance as of March 30, 2024 (3)
2,098,911 $27.57 
_______________________
(1)Represents initial grant of PSUs based on performance target level achievement of 100%.
(2)Represents the year-to-date adjustment to previously granted PSUs based on performance expectations as of March 30, 2024.
(3)An additional 648,189 PSUs could potentially be included if the maximum performance level of 200% is reached for all PSUs outstanding as of March 30, 2024.
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Share-based Compensation Expense
We recognize compensation expense for stock options, RSUs and PSUs by amortizing the grant date fair value on a straight-line basis over the expected vesting period to the extent we determine the vesting of the grant is probable. We recognize share-based award forfeitures in the period such forfeitures occur.
Share-based compensation expense consisted of the following (amounts in thousands):
13 Weeks Ended
March 30,
2024
April 1,
2023
Time-based stock options$9 $408 
RSUs3,236 2,495 
PSUs4,897 3,773 
Share-based compensation expense$8,142 $6,676 
Note 6. Income Taxes
Our income tax expense (benefit) and effective income tax rate were as follows (amounts in thousands, except percentages):
13 Weeks Ended
March 30,
2024
April 1,
2023
Income tax expense (benefit)$(1,588)$7,839 
Effective income tax rate(60.8)%36.4 %
Our tax provision for interim periods is determined using an estimated annual effective tax rate, adjusted for discrete events arising in each respective fiscal quarter. During each interim period, we update the estimated annual effective tax rate. Our effective income tax rate for the 13 weeks ended March 30, 2024 was lower than the combined U.S. federal and state statutory income tax rate primarily due to a pretax book loss combined with excess tax benefits related to the exercise of stock options, partially offset by non-deductible executive compensation under Internal Revenue Code Section 162(m). The decrease in our effective income tax rate for the 13 weeks ended March 30, 2024 compared to the 13 weeks ended April 1, 2023 was primarily driven by a pretax book loss combined with excess tax benefits from the exercise of stock options during the 13 weeks ended March 30, 2024 and excess tax expense related to the vesting of RSUs and PSUs during the 13 weeks ended April 1, 2023.
Our policy is to recognize interest and penalties associated with uncertain tax positions as part of the income tax provision in our condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income (loss) and include accrued interest and penalties with the related income tax liability on our condensed consolidated balance sheets. To date, we have not recognized any interest and penalties, nor have we accrued for or made payments for interest and penalties. We had no uncertain tax positions as of March 30, 2024 and December 30, 2023, respectively, and do not anticipate having any material uncertain tax positions within the next 12 months.
Note 7. Related Party Transactions
Related Party Leases
As of March 30, 2024 and April 1, 2023, we leased 14 store locations and one warehouse location from entities in which Eric Lindberg, Jr., Chairman of our Board of Directors, or his family, had a direct or indirect financial interest. As of March 30, 2024, the right-of-use assets and lease liabilities related to these properties was $41.7 million and $46.7 million, respectively. As of December 30, 2023, the right-of-use assets and lease liabilities related to these properties was $42.6 million and $47.6 million, respectively. These related parties received aggregate lease payments from us of $1.8 million and $1.7 million for the 13 weeks ended March 30, 2024 and April 1, 2023, respectively.
Independent Operator Notes and Independent Operator Receivables
We offer interest-bearing notes to IOs and the gross amount of IO operating notes and IO receivables due was $57.6 million and $59.2 million as of March 30, 2024 and December 30, 2023, respectively. See Note 2 for additional information.
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Note 8. Commitments and Contingencies
We are involved from time to time in claims, proceedings and litigation arising in the normal course of business. We establish an accrual for legal proceedings if and when those matters reach a stage where they present loss contingencies that are both probable and reasonably estimable. In such cases, there may be a possible exposure to loss in excess of any amounts accrued. We monitor those matters for developments that would affect the likelihood of a loss and the accrued amount, if any, thereof, and adjust the amount as appropriate. If the loss contingency at issue is not both probable and reasonably estimable, we do not establish an accrual, but will continue to monitor the matter for developments that will make the loss contingency both probable and reasonably estimable. If it is at least a reasonable possibility that a material loss will occur, we will provide disclosure regarding the contingency. Management believes that we do not have any pending litigation that, separately or in the aggregate, would have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition or cash flows.
Note 9. Earnings (Net Loss) Per Share
The following table sets forth the calculation of basic and diluted earnings (net loss) per share (amounts in thousands, except per share data):
13 Weeks Ended
March 30,
2024
April 1,
2023
Numerator
Net income (loss) and comprehensive income (loss)$(1,025)$13,720 
Denominator
Weighted-average shares outstanding – basic
99,520 97,920 
Effect of dilutive options 2,122 
Effect of dilutive RSUs and PSUs (1)
 527 
Weighted-average shares outstanding – diluted
99,520 100,569 
Earnings (net loss) per share:
Basic$(0.01)$0.14 
Diluted$(0.01)$0.14 
_______________________
(1)We are required to include in diluted weighted-average shares outstanding contingently issuable shares that would be issued assuming the end of our reporting period was the end of the relevant PSU award contingency period.
The following weighted-average common share equivalents were excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings (net loss) per share because their effect would have been anti-dilutive (amounts in thousands):
13 Weeks Ended
March 30,
2024
April 1,
2023
Time-based stock options1,136
RSUs and PSUs89595
Total2,03195

Note 10. Subsequent Event
On February 14, 2024, Grocery Outlet Inc., our wholly owned subsidiary, entered into a Stock Purchase Agreement with BBGO Acquisition, Inc., a Delaware corporation ("Holdings"), specified parties therein that beneficially owned Holdings, and Southvest Fund VII, L.P., a Delaware limited partnership, to acquire all of the issued and outstanding capital stock of Holdings (the "Transaction"). On April 1, 2024, the Transaction was completed for the net purchase consideration of approximately $62 million, including cash on hand, and subject to post-closing adjustments.
Holdings is the owner of all of the issued and outstanding capital stock of The Bargain Barn, Inc., a Tennessee corporation doing business as United Grocery Outlet ("United Grocery Outlet"). United Grocery Outlet operated 40 discount grocery stores across six states in the southeastern United States as of March 30, 2024.
18

Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
You should read the following discussion of our financial condition and results of operations in conjunction with the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes thereto included elsewhere in this report, and the audited consolidated financial statements and related notes thereto and management's discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 30, 2023 ("2023 Form 10-K"). This discussion may contain forward-looking statements based upon current expectations that involve risks and uncertainties. Our actual results may differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements as a result of various factors, including those set forth in other sections of this report. See "Special Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements" in this report.
We operate on a fiscal year that ends on the Saturday closest to December 31st each year. Fiscal 2023 ended December 30, 2023. References to the first quarter of fiscal 2024 and the first quarter of fiscal 2023 refer to the 13 weeks ended March 30, 2024 and April 1, 2023, respectively.
As used in this report, references to "Grocery Outlet," "the Company," "the registrant," "we," "us" and "our," refer to Grocery Outlet Holding Corp. and its consolidated subsidiaries unless otherwise indicated or the context requires otherwise.
Overview
We are a high-growth, extreme value retailer of quality, name-brand consumables and fresh products sold through a network of independently operated stores. Our flexible buying model allows us to offer quality, name-brand opportunistic products at prices generally 40% to 70% below those of conventional retailers. Entrepreneurial independent operators ("IOs") run our stores and create a neighborhood feel through personalized customer service and a localized product offering. As of March 30, 2024, we had 474 stores in California, Washington, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Idaho, Nevada, Maryland, New Jersey and Ohio.
Macroeconomic Conditions and Recent Developments
Over the past several years, and to a lesser extent recently, our business has been and continues to be impacted by macroeconomic conditions including supply chain and labor challenges, inflation and subsequent disinflation, and changes in consumer behavior, and our IOs have been impacted by staffing challenges and increased labor costs and utility costs within their businesses. Furthermore, planned construction and opening of new stores has been, and may continue to be, negatively impacted due to both increased lead times to acquire materials, obtain permits and licenses, hook up utilities as well as higher construction and development related costs. The extent of the continuing impact of these factors on our operational and financial performance will depend on many factors, including certain factors outside of our control.
Our new store growth efforts for fiscal 2024 and beyond are focused on organic growth and new real estate opportunities that align with our long-term geographic expansion and store growth strategies. Complementary growth opportunities may include expanding strategic relationships with large property owners, evaluating acquisitions of opportunistic real estate that become available through consolidation in the retail sector, and exploring strategic regional acquisitions of operating businesses. On February 14, 2024 we entered into a stock purchase agreement to acquire United Grocery Outlet, which included 40 stores in six adjacent states we did not operate in as of such date (Tennessee, North Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Kentucky and Virginia) and a company-operated distribution center. This transaction closed on April 1, 2024. In addition to the newly acquired United Grocery Outlet stores, we plan to open approximately 18 to 22 stores in fiscal 2024, for a planned total of 58 to 62 net new stores in fiscal 2024. We opened six new stores in the first quarter of fiscal 2024.
In late August 2023, we replaced components of our enterprise resource planning system, including our financial ledger, inventory management platform and product data warehouse system. The implementation of these system upgrades resulted in disruption to our business operations, including ordering and inventory disruptions, as well as payment processing, which adversely impacted our results of operations in fiscal 2023 as well as the first quarter of fiscal 2024, as more fully described below in “Comparison of the 13 weeks ended March 30, 2024 and April 1, 2023." While we have since improved the data visibility to help us manage and forecast the business, some of these disruptions are still ongoing as of the date of this filing and are expected to have negative impacts on our results of operations into the second half of fiscal 2024.
19

Key Factors and Measures We Use to Evaluate Our Business
We consider a variety of financial and operating measures in assessing the performance of our business. The key generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP") financial measures we use are net sales, gross profit and gross margin, selling, general and administrative expenses ("SG&A") and operating income. The key operational metrics and non-GAAP financial measures we use are number of new stores, comparable store sales, EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA, adjusted net income and adjusted earnings per share.
First Quarter of Fiscal 2024 Overview
Key financial and operating performance results for the first quarter of fiscal 2024 compared to the first quarter of fiscal 2023 were as follows:
Net sales increased 7.4% to $1.04 billion from $965.5 million in the first quarter of fiscal 2023.
Comparable store sales increased by 3.9%, driven by a 7.0% increase in the number of transactions, partially offset by a 2.9% decrease in average transaction size.
We opened six new stores, ending the first quarter of fiscal 2024 with 474 stores in nine states.
Gross margin decreased by 180 basis points to 29.3%, compared to gross margin of 31.1% in the first quarter of fiscal 2023. As previously disclosed, we experienced disruptions as a result of the implementation of new technology platforms in late August 2023. Such disruptions are estimated to have negatively impacted gross margin by 210 basis points in the first quarter of fiscal 2024.
Selling, general and administrative expenses increased by 13.3% to $303.4 million, or 29.3% of net sales. This includes $12.4 million of commission support we elected to provide our operators in connection with our system upgrades.
Net loss was $1.0 million, or $(0.01) per share, compared to net income of $13.7 million, or $0.14 per diluted share, in the first quarter of fiscal 2023.
Adjusted EBITDA(1) decreased 37.5% to $39.4 million compared to $63.1 million in the first quarter of fiscal 2023.
Adjusted net income(1) decreased 67.4% to $8.8 million, or $0.09 per adjusted diluted share(1), compared to $27.0 million, or $0.27 per adjusted diluted share, in the first quarter of fiscal 2023.
_______________________
(1)Adjusted EBITDA, adjusted net income and adjusted diluted earnings per share are non-GAAP financial measures, which exclude the impact of certain special items. Please note that our non-GAAP financial measures should be considered as a supplement to, and not as a substitute for, or superior to, financial measures calculated in accordance with GAAP. See the "Operating Metrics and Non-GAAP Financial Measures" section below for additional information about these items, including their definitions, how the non-GAAP measures provide useful information to investors and how management utilizes them, and reconciliations of the non-GAAP measures and the most directly comparable GAAP measures.
Key Components of Results of Operations
Net Sales
We recognize revenues from the sale of products at the point of sale, net of any taxes or deposits collected and remitted to governmental authorities. Discounts provided to customers by us are recognized at the time of sale as a reduction in net sales as the products are sold. Discounts that are funded solely by IOs are not recognized as a reduction in net sales as the IO bears the incidental costs arising from the discount. We do not accept manufacturer coupons. Net sales consist of net sales from comparable stores, described below under "Operating Metrics and Non-GAAP Financial Measures - Comparable Store Sales," and non-comparable stores. Growth of our net sales is generally driven by expansion of our store base in existing and new markets as well as comparable store sales growth. Net sales are impacted by the spending habits of our customers, product mix and supply, as well as promotional and competitive activities. Our ever-changing selection of offerings across diverse product categories supports growth in net sales by attracting new customers and encouraging repeat visits from our existing customers. The spending habits of our customers are affected by changes in macroeconomic conditions, governmental benefit programs such as the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program and discretionary income. Our customers' discretionary income is impacted by wages, fuel and other cost-of-living increases including food-at-home inflation, as well as consumer trends and preferences, which fluctuate depending on the environment. Because we offer a broad selection of merchandise at extreme values, historically our business has benefited from periods of economic uncertainty.
20

Cost of Sales, Gross Profit and Gross Margin
Cost of sales includes, among other things, merchandise costs, inventory markdowns, inventory losses, transportation costs and distribution and warehousing costs, including depreciation. Gross profit is equal to our net sales less our cost of sales. Gross margin is gross profit as a percentage of our net sales. Gross margin is a measure used by management to indicate whether we are selling merchandise at an appropriate gross profit. Gross margin is impacted by product mix and availability, as some products generally provide higher gross margins, and by our merchandise costs, which can vary. Gross margin is also impacted by the costs of distributing and transporting product to our stores, which can vary. Our gross profit is variable in nature and generally follows changes in net sales. While our disciplined buying approach has produced consistent gross margins throughout economic cycles, which we believe has helped to mitigate adverse impacts on gross profit and results of operations, changes in consumer demand as a result of macroeconomic conditions, including inflationary cost increases for goods, labor and transportation, supply chain constraints and changes in discretionary income, have resulted and could continue to result in higher variability to our gross margins. The components of our cost of sales, as well as our gross profit and gross margin, may not be comparable to the same or similar measures of our competitors and other retailers.
Selling, General and Administrative Expenses
SG&A are comprised of both store-related expenses and corporate expenses. Our store-related expenses include commissions paid to IOs, occupancy and our portion of maintenance costs, depreciation and amortization of store-related assets and the cost of opening new IO stores. Company-operated store-related expenses also include payroll, benefits, supplies and utilities. Corporate expenses include payroll and benefits for corporate and field support, share-based compensation, marketing and advertising, insurance and professional services, depreciation and amortization of corporate assets and operator recruiting and training costs. We continue to closely manage our expenses and monitor SG&A as a percentage of net sales. SG&A generally increases as we grow our store base and invest in our corporate infrastructure. SG&A related to commissions paid to IOs are variable in nature and generally increase as gross profits rise and decrease as gross profits decline. We expect that our SG&A will continue to increase in future periods as we continue to grow our net sales and gross profits. The components of our SG&A may not be comparable to the components of similar measures of our competitors and other retailers.
Operating Income
Operating income is gross profit less SG&A. Operating income excludes interest expense, net, loss on debt extinguishment and modification and income tax expense (benefit). We use operating income as an indicator of the productivity of our business and our ability to manage expenses.
21

Results of Operations
The following tables summarize key components of our results of operations both in dollars and as a percentage of net sales (amounts in thousands, except for percentages):
13 Weeks Ended
March 30,
2024
April 1,
2023
Net sales$1,036,944 $965,467 
Cost of sales732,999 664,924 
Gross profit303,945 300,543 
Selling, general and administrative expenses303,382 267,725 
Operating income563 32,818 
Other expenses:
Interest expense, net3,176 5,919 
Loss on debt extinguishment and modification— 5,340 
Total other expenses3,176 11,259 
Income (loss) before income taxes(2,613)21,559 
Income tax expense (benefit)(1,588)7,839 
Net income (loss) and comprehensive income (loss)$(1,025)$13,720 

13 Weeks Ended
March 30,
2024
April 1,
2023
Percentage of net sales (1)
Net sales100.0 %100.0 %
Cost of sales70.7 %68.9 %
Gross profit29.3 %31.1 %
Selling, general and administrative expenses29.3 %27.7 %
Operating income0.1 %3.4 %
Other expenses:
Interest expense, net0.3 %0.6 %
Loss on debt extinguishment and modification— %0.6 %
Total other expenses0.3 %1.2 %
Income (loss) before income taxes(0.3)%2.2 %
Income tax expense (benefit)(0.2)%0.8 %
Net income (loss) and comprehensive income (loss)(0.1)%1.4 %
_______________________
(1)Components may not sum to totals due to rounding.

22

Operating Metrics and Non-GAAP Financial Measures
Number of New Stores
The number of new stores reflects the number of stores opened during a particular reporting period. New stores require an initial capital investment from us for store build-outs, fixtures and equipment that we amortize over time as well as cash required for inventory and pre-opening expenses and typically the issuance of IO notes to support IO startup costs.
We expect new store growth to be a very significant and critical driver of our net sales growth over the long term. We lease substantially all of our store locations. Our initial lease terms on stores are typically ten years with options to renew for two or three successive five-year periods.
Comparable Store Sales
We use comparable store sales as an operating metric to measure performance of a store during the current reporting period against the performance of the same store in the corresponding period of the previous year. Comparable store sales are impacted by the same factors that impact net sales.
Comparable store sales consists of net sales from our stores beginning on the first day of the fourteenth full fiscal month following the store's opening, which is when we believe comparability is achieved. Included in our comparable store definition are those stores that have been remodeled, expanded, or relocated in their existing location or respective trade areas. Excluded from our comparable store definition are those stores that have been temporarily closed for an extended period, those that have had their business materially disrupted for both planned projects as well as due to unforeseen circumstances, permanent store closures and dispositions. When applicable, as was the case with fiscal 2020 and will be the case with fiscal 2025, we exclude the net sales in the non-comparable week of a 53-week year from the same store sales calculation after comparing the current and prior year weekly periods that are most closely aligned.
Opening new stores is a primary component of our growth strategy and, as we continue to execute on our growth strategy, we expect that a significant portion of our net sales growth will be attributable to non-comparable store net sales. Accordingly, comparable store sales is only one of many measures we use to assess the success of our growth strategy.
EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted Net Income and Adjusted Earnings Per Share
EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA, adjusted net income and adjusted earnings per share are non-GAAP financial measures that are supplemental key metrics used by management and our Board of Directors to assess our financial performance. EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA, adjusted net income and adjusted earnings per share are also frequently used by analysts, investors and other interested parties to evaluate us and other companies in our industry. Management believes it is useful to investors and analysts to evaluate these non-GAAP measures on the same basis as management uses to evaluate our operating results. We use these non-GAAP measures to supplement GAAP measures of performance to evaluate the effectiveness of our business strategies, to make budgeting decisions and to compare our performance against that of other peer companies using similar measures. In addition, we use adjusted EBITDA to supplement GAAP measures of performance to evaluate our performance in connection with compensation decisions. We believe that excluding items from operating income, net income (loss) and net income (loss) per diluted share that may not be indicative of, or are unrelated to, our core operating results, and that may vary in frequency or magnitude, enhances the comparability of our results and provides additional information for analyzing trends in our business.
We define EBITDA as net income (loss) before net interest expense, income taxes and depreciation and amortization expenses. Adjusted EBITDA represents EBITDA adjusted to exclude share-based compensation expense, loss on debt extinguishment and modification, asset impairment and gain or loss on disposition, acquisition costs and certain other expenses that may not be indicative of, or are unrelated to, our core operating results, and that may vary in frequency or magnitude. Adjusted net income represents net income (loss) adjusted for the previously mentioned adjusted EBITDA adjustments, further adjusted for costs related to amortization of purchase accounting assets and deferred financing costs, tax adjustment to normalize the effective tax rate, and tax effect of total adjustments. Basic adjusted earnings per share is calculated using adjusted net income, as defined above, and basic weighted average shares outstanding. Diluted adjusted earnings per share is calculated using adjusted net income, as defined above, and diluted weighted average shares outstanding. These non-GAAP measures may not be comparable to similar measures reported by other companies and have limitations as analytical tools, and you should not consider them in isolation or as a substitute for analysis of our results as reported under GAAP. We address the limitations of the non-GAAP measures through the use of various GAAP measures. In the future, we will incur expenses or charges such as those added back to calculate adjusted EBITDA or adjusted net income. Our presentation of these non-GAAP measures should not be construed as an inference that our future results will be unaffected by the adjustments we have used to derive such non-GAAP measures.
23

The following table summarizes key operating metrics and non-GAAP financial measures for the periods presented (amounts in thousands, except for percentages and store counts):
13 Weeks Ended
March 30,
2024
April 1,
2023
Other Financial and Operations Data
Number of new stores
Number of stores open at end of period474 444 
Comparable store sales increase (1)
3.9 %12.1 %
EBITDA (2)
$25,452 $48,153 
Adjusted EBITDA (2)
$39,395 $63,078 
Adjusted net income (2)
$8,809 $27,024 
_______________________
(1)Comparable store sales consist of net sales from our stores beginning on the first day of the fourteenth full fiscal month following the store's opening, which is when we believe comparability is achieved.
(2)See "GAAP to Non-GAAP Reconciliations" section below for the applicable reconciliations.
24

GAAP to Non-GAAP Reconciliations
The following tables provide a reconciliation from our GAAP net income (loss) to EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA, GAAP net income (loss) to adjusted net income, and our GAAP earnings (net loss) per share to adjusted earnings per share for the periods presented (amounts in thousands, except per share data):
13 Weeks Ended
March 30,
2024
April 1,
2023
Net income (loss)$(1,025)$13,720 
Interest expense, net3,176 5,919 
Income tax expense (benefit)(1,588)7,839 
Depreciation and amortization expenses24,889 20,675 
EBITDA25,452 48,153 
Share-based compensation expenses (1)
8,142 6,676 
Loss on debt extinguishment and modification (2)
— 5,340 
Asset impairment and gain or loss on disposition (3)
364 107 
Acquisition costs (4)
2,649 — 
Other (5)
2,788 2,802 
Adjusted EBITDA$39,395 $63,078 

13 Weeks Ended
March 30,
2024
April 1,
2023
Net income (loss)$(1,025)$13,720 
Share-based compensation expenses (1)
8,142 6,676 
Loss on debt extinguishment and modification (2)
— 5,340 
Asset impairment and gain or loss on disposition (3)
364 107 
Acquisition costs (4)
2,649 — 
Other (5)
2,788 2,802 
Amortization of purchase accounting assets and deferred financing costs (6)
1,322 1,567 
Tax adjustment to normalize effective tax rate (7)
(794)1,592 
Tax effect of total adjustments (8)
(4,637)(4,780)
Adjusted net income$8,809 $27,024 
GAAP earnings (net loss) per share
Basic$(0.01)$0.14 
Diluted$(0.01)$0.14 
Adjusted earnings per share
Basic$0.09 $0.28 
Diluted$0.09 $0.27 
Weighted average shares outstanding
Basic99,520 97,920 
Diluted99,520 100,569 
Non-GAAP weighted average shares outstanding
Basic99,520 97,920 
Diluted (9)
101,136 100,569 
___________________________
(1)Includes non-cash share-based compensation expense and cash dividends paid on vested share-based awards as a result of dividends declared in connection with a recapitalization that occurred in fiscal 2018.
25

(2)Represents the write-off of debt issuance costs and debt discounts as well as debt modification costs related to refinancing and/or repayment of our credit facilities. See Note 3 to the condensed consolidated financial statements for additional information.
(3)Represents asset impairment charges and gains or losses on dispositions of assets.
(4)Represents costs related to the acquisition of United Grocery Outlet, including due diligence, legal, and other consulting expenses.
(5)Represents other non-recurring, non-cash or non-operational items, such as technology upgrade implementation costs, certain personnel-related costs, costs related to employer payroll taxes associated with equity awards, store closing costs, legal settlements and other legal expenses, strategic project costs and miscellaneous costs.
(6)Represents the amortization of debt issuance costs as well as the incremental amortization of an asset step-up resulting from purchase price accounting related to our acquisition in 2014 by an investment fund affiliated with Hellman & Friedman LLC, which included trademarks, customer lists, and below-market leases.
(7)Represents adjustments to normalize the effective tax rate for the impact of unusual or infrequent tax items that we do not consider in our evaluation of ongoing performance, including excess tax expenses or benefits related to stock option exercises and vesting of restricted stock units ("RSUs") and performance-based restricted stock units ("PSUs") that are recorded in earnings as discrete items in the reporting period in which they occur.
(8)Represents the tax effect of the total adjustments. We calculate the tax effect of the total adjustments on a discrete basis excluding any non-recurring and unusual tax items.
(9)To calculate diluted adjusted earnings per share, we adjusted the weighted-average shares outstanding for the dilutive effect of all potential shares of common stock.
Comparison of the 13 weeks ended March 30, 2024 and April 1, 2023 (amounts in thousands, except percentages)
Net Sales
13 Weeks Ended
March 30,
2024
April 1,
2023
$ Change% Change
Net sales$1,036,944 $965,467 $71,477 7.4 %
The increase in net sales for the 13 weeks ended March 30, 2024 compared to the same period in fiscal 2023 was primarily attributable to an increase in comparable store sales as well as non-comparable store net sales growth primarily from the 30 net new stores opened over the last 12 months, partially offset by disruptions related to our aforementioned system upgrades.
Comparable store sales increased 3.9% for the 13 weeks ended March 30, 2024 compared to the same period in fiscal 2023. The increase in comparable store sales for the 13 weeks ended March 30, 2024 was driven by a 7.0% increase in the number of transactions, partially offset by a 2.9% decrease in average transaction size.
Cost of Sales
13 Weeks Ended
March 30,
2024
April 1,
2023
$ Change% Change
Cost of sales$732,999 $664,924 $68,075 10.2 %
% of net sales70.7 %68.9 %
The increase in cost of sales for the 13 weeks ended March 30, 2024 compared to the same period in fiscal 2023 was primarily the result of an increase in comparable store sales combined with non-comparable net sales from 30 net new stores opened over the last 12 months as well as by impacts related to our system upgrades.
Cost as a percentage of net sales increased for the 13 weeks ended March 30, 2024 compared to the same period in fiscal 2023 primarily due to inventory management impacts related to our system upgrades, as certain tools we used to manage the business on our legacy system are taking longer to rebuild, which have impacted data visibility.
26

Gross Profit and Gross Margin
13 Weeks Ended
March 30,
2024
April 1,
2023
$ Change% Change
Gross profit$303,945 $300,543 $3,402 1.1 %
Gross margin29.3 %31.1 %
The increase in gross profit for the 13 weeks ended March 30, 2024 compared to the same period in fiscal 2023 was primarily the result of an increase in comparable store sales combined with non-comparable sales from 30 net new stores opened over the last 12 months, partially offset by impacts related to our system upgrades.
Gross margin decreased for the 13 weeks ended March 30, 2024 compared to the same period in fiscal 2023 primarily due to inventory management impacts related to our system upgrades, as certain tools we used to manage the business on our legacy system are taking longer to rebuild, which have impacted data visibility.
Selling, General and Administrative Expenses
13 Weeks Ended
March 30,
2024
April 1,
2023
$ Change% Change
SG&A$303,382 $267,725 $35,657 13.3 %
% of net sales29.3 %27.7 %
The increase in SG&A for the 13 weeks ended March 30, 2024 compared to the same period in fiscal 2023 was driven by $22.7 million in higher store-related expenses and $12.9 million in higher corporate-related expenses. Store-related expenses primarily increased as a result of higher commission payments to IOs, reflecting gross profit growth together with $12.4 million of incremental support we elected to provide to our IOs in connection with our system upgrades, as well as higher store occupancy costs due to 30 net new stores opened over the last 12 months. Corporate-related expenses increased largely due to increased personnel and professional service costs to support our system upgrades and support the continued growth of the business, including the acquisition of United Grocery Outlet, higher marketing expenses largely due to a change in the timing of our spring wine sale and increased corporate-related depreciation and amortization expense driven by investments in general and administrative infrastructure.
As a percentage of net sales, SG&A increased for the 13 weeks ended March 30, 2024 compared to the same period in fiscal 2023 primarily due to the aforementioned factors.
Interest Expense, Net
13 Weeks Ended
March 30,
2024
April 1,
2023
$ Change% Change
Interest expense, net$3,176 $5,919 $(2,743)(46.3)%
% of net sales0.3 %0.6 %
The decrease in net interest expense for the 13 weeks ended March 30, 2024 compared to the same period in fiscal 2023 was primarily driven by a decrease in principal debt outstanding over the last 12 months combined with increased interest income from higher interest rates on our cash and cash equivalents and IO notes. See Note 3 to the condensed consolidated financial statements for additional information.
Loss on Debt Extinguishment and Modification
13 Weeks Ended
March 30,
2024
April 1,
2023
$ Change% Change
Loss on debt extinguishment and modification$— $5,340 $(5,340)(100.0)%
% of net sales— %0.6 %
During the 13 weeks ended April 1, 2023, we recorded a $5.3 million loss on debt extinguishment related to the payoff of $385.0 million of principal on the senior term loan outstanding under our prior credit facilities.
27

Income Tax Expense (Benefit)
13 Weeks Ended
March 30,
2024
April 1,
2023
$ Change% Change
Income tax expense (benefit)$(1,588)$7,839 $(9,427)(120.3)%
% of net sales(0.2)%0.8 %
Effective tax rate(60.8)%36.4 %
During the 13 weeks ended March 30, 2024, we recorded a net income tax benefit of $1.6 million compared to a net income tax expense of $7.8 million for the 13 weeks ended April 1, 2023. This change was primarily the result of a pretax book loss combined with excess tax benefits related to the exercise of stock options, partially offset by non-deductible executive compensation under Internal Revenue Code Section 162(m), during the 13 weeks ended March 30, 2024 and excess tax expense related to the vesting of RSUs and PSUs incurred during the 13 weeks ended April 1, 2023.
Net Income (Loss)
13 Weeks Ended
March 30,
2024
April 1,
2023
$ Change% Change
Net income (loss)$(1,025)$13,720 $(14,745)(107.5)%
% of net sales(0.1)%1.4 %
As a result of the foregoing factors, net income decreased from $13.7 million for the 13 weeks ended April 1, 2023 to a net loss of $1.0 million for the 13 weeks ended March 30, 2024.
Adjusted EBITDA
13 Weeks Ended
March 30,
2024
April 1,
2023
$ Change% Change
Adjusted EBITDA$39,395 $63,078 $(23,683)(37.5)%
The decrease in adjusted EBITDA for the 13 weeks ended March 30, 2024 compared to the same period in fiscal 2023 was primarily due to the reduction in gross margin and increase in SG&A related expenses, as discussed above.
Adjusted Net Income
13 Weeks Ended
March 30,
2024
April 1,
2023
$ Change% Change
Adjusted net income$8,809 $27,024 $(18,215)(67.4)%
The decrease in adjusted net income for the 13 weeks ended March 30, 2024 compared to the same period in fiscal 2023 was primarily due to the reduction in gross margin and increase in SG&A related expenses, as discussed above.
28

Liquidity and Capital Resources
Sources of Liquidity
Based on our current operations and new store growth plans, we expect to satisfy our short-term and long-term cash requirements through a combination of our existing cash and cash equivalents position, funds generated from operating activities, and the borrowing capacity available in the revolving credit facility under our credit agreement, dated as of February 21, 2023 (the "2023 Credit Agreement"). If cash generated from our operations and borrowings under the revolving credit facility are not sufficient or available to meet our liquidity requirements, then we will be required to obtain additional equity or debt financing in the future. There can be no assurance equity or debt financing will be available to us when we need it or, if available, the terms will be satisfactory to us and not dilutive to our then-current stockholders. Additionally, we may seek to take advantage of market opportunities to refinance our existing debt instruments with new debt instruments at interest rates, maturities and terms we deem attractive.
As of March 30, 2024, we had cash and cash equivalents of $66.9 million, which consisted primarily of cash held in checking and money market accounts with financial institutions. In addition, we have a revolving credit facility with $400.0 million in borrowing capacity under the 2023 Credit Agreement. As of March 30, 2024, we had no borrowings outstanding under the revolving credit facility and $4.2 million of outstanding standby letters of credit, resulting in $395.8 million of remaining borrowing capacity available under this revolving credit facility. No amounts were borrowed under this revolving credit facility during the 13 weeks ended March 30, 2024. Subsequent to March 30, 2024, in April 2024, $80.0 million of principal was borrowed from the revolving credit facility.
The senior secured credit facilities of the 2023 Credit Agreement permit us to add incremental term loan facilities, increase any existing term loan facility, increase revolving commitments, and/or add incremental replacement revolving credit facility tranches. The aggregate principal amount of such incremental facilities are limited to (a) an amount not in excess of the sum of the greater of $200.0 million and 100% of Consolidated EBITDA (as defined in the 2023 Credit Agreement), subject to certain limitations, plus (b) voluntary prepayments of any term loan facility, voluntary permanent reductions of the commitments for the revolving credit facility and voluntary prepayments of indebtedness secured by liens on the collateral securing the credit facilities, subject to certain exceptions, plus (c) an amount such that (assuming that the full amount of any such incremental revolving increase and/or incremental replacement revolving credit facility was drawn, and after giving effect to any appropriate pro forma adjustment events) we would be in compliance, on a pro forma basis (but excluding the cash proceeds of such incurrence), with a Total Net Leverage Ratio (as defined in the 2023 Credit Agreement) of 3.00 to 1.00.
We may also, from time to time, at our sole discretion, prepay or retire all or a portion of our outstanding debt.
Material Cash Requirements
Other than the information noted below, there has been no material change in our material cash requirements since the end of fiscal 2023. See our 2023 Form 10-K for additional information.
Capital Expenditures
Capital expenditures include purchases of capital assets such as property and equipment as well as intangible assets and licenses. Capital expenditures for the 13 weeks ended March 30, 2024, before the impact of tenant improvement allowances, were $49.3 million, and, net of tenant improvement allowances, were $46.5 million. We currently expect total capital expenditures, net of tenant improvement allowances, to be approximately $175.0 million for fiscal 2024, which includes new store store growth, upgrades to our existing fleet including United Grocery Outlet store capital improvements, as well as ongoing investments in technology, supply chain and infrastructure.
Debt Obligations
The 2023 Credit Agreement requires us to make scheduled quarterly amortization payments of the senior term loan. Such payments total $48.8 million over the remaining term of the senior term loan, with $3.8 million payable over the remainder of fiscal 2024. The remaining senior term loan principal balance will become due in February 2028 at maturity. See Note 3 to our condensed consolidated financial statements for additional information.
Acquisition of United Grocery Outlet
On February 14, 2024, Grocery Outlet Inc., our wholly owned subsidiary, entered into a stock purchase agreement to acquire BBGO Acquisition, Inc., a holding company that owns all of the outstanding capital stock of The Bargain Barn Inc., which does business as United Grocery Outlet, for approximately $62 million, including cash on hand, and subject to customary purchase price adjustments. This transaction closed on April 1, 2024. See Note 10 to our condensed consolidated financial statements for additional information.
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Debt Covenants
The 2023 Credit Agreement contains certain customary representations and warranties, subject to limitations and exceptions, and affirmative and customary covenants. The 2023 Credit Agreement contains certain covenants that, among other things, limit the our ability and the ability of our restricted subsidiaries to: pay dividends or distributions, repurchase equity, prepay junior debt and make certain investments; incur additional debt or issue certain disqualified stock and preferred stock; incur liens on assets; merge or consolidate with another company or sell, assign, transfer, lease, convey or otherwise dispose of all or substantially all of its assets; enter into transactions with affiliates; and allow to exist certain restrictions on the ability of our subsidiaries to pay dividends or make other payments to the borrower. The 2023 Credit Agreement also contains financial performance covenants requiring us to satisfy a maximum total net leverage ratio test and a minimum interest coverage ratio test as of the last day of each fiscal quarter. The maximum total net leverage ratio test requires us to be in compliance with a Total Net Leverage Ratio no greater than 3.50 to 1.00 as of the last day of each test period ending prior to the test period ending on or about December 31, 2025, and no greater than 3.25 to 1.00 as of the last day of each test period ending thereafter, subject to certain adjustments set forth in the 2023 Credit Agreement. The minimum interest coverage ratio test requires us to be in compliance with a Consolidated Interest Coverage Ratio (as defined in the 2023 Credit Agreement) of no less than 1.75 to 1.00 as of the last day of each test period.
As of March 30, 2024, we were in compliance with all applicable financial covenant requirements for the 2023 Credit Agreement.
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Cash Flows
The following table summarizes our cash flows for the periods presented (amounts in thousands, except percentages):
13 Weeks Ended
March 30, 2024April 1, 2023$ Change% Change
Net cash provided by operating activities$7,841 $87,632 $(79,791)(91.1)%
Net cash used in investing activities(50,887)(40,347)(10,540)26.1 %
Net cash used in financing activities(5,056)(67,898)62,842 (92.6)%
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents$(48,102)$(20,613)$(27,489)133.4 %
Cash Provided by Operating Activities
Net cash provided by operating activities was $7.8 million for the 13 weeks ended March 30, 2024 compared to $87.6 million for the same period in fiscal 2023. The decrease in net cash provided by operating activities of $79.8 million for the 13 weeks ended March 30, 2024 compared to the same period in fiscal 2023 was primarily driven by changes in merchandise inventory levels and accrued expenses combined with lower net income.
Cash Used in Investing Activities
Net cash used in investing activities was $50.9 million for the 13 weeks ended March 30, 2024 compared to $40.3 million for the same period in fiscal 2023. The increase in net cash used in investing activities of $10.5 million for the 13 weeks ended March 30, 2024 compared to the same period in fiscal 2023 was primarily due to increased spending on property and equipment due to higher store count and construction related to future stores.
Cash Used in Financing Activities
Net cash used in financing activities of $5.1 million for the 13 weeks ended March 30, 2024 was primarily due to the repurchase of $5.3 million of our common stock and $1.9 million in scheduled principal payments on the senior term loan under the 2023 Credit Agreement, partially offset by $3.4 million in proceeds from the exercise of stock options. Net cash used in financing activities of $67.9 million for the 13 weeks ended April 1, 2023 was primarily due to the payoff of $385.0 million of principal on the prior senior term loan outstanding under our prior first lien credit facility as well as the repurchase of $3.3 million of our common stock, partially offset by $325.0 million in proceeds from the issuance of the senior term loan and revolving credit facility borrowings under the 2023 Credit Agreement.
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
Our condensed consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with GAAP and the applicable rules and regulations of the SEC for interim reporting. The preparation of our condensed consolidated financial statements requires us to make judgments and estimates that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues, expenses and related disclosures. We evaluate our estimates and assumptions on an ongoing basis. Our judgments and estimates are based on historical experience and other factors believed to be reasonable under the circumstances. With respect to critical accounting policies, even a relatively minor variance between actual and expected results can potentially have a materially favorable or unfavorable impact on subsequent results of operations.
There have been no material changes to our critical accounting policies and estimates during the 13 weeks ended March 30, 2024 from those disclosed in our 2023 Form 10-K.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
Refer to Note 1 to the condensed consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this report.
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Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk
Interest Rate Risk
Our operating results are subject to market risk from interest rate fluctuations on our credit facilities, which bear variable interest rates. As of March 30, 2024, our outstanding borrowings included $292.5 million from the senior term loan under the 2023 Credit Agreement. As of March 30, 2024, the interest rate on the senior term loan was 7.43% (See Note 3 to our condensed consolidated financial statements for additional information). Based on the outstanding balance and interest rate of the senior term loan as of March 30, 2024, a hypothetical 10% relative increase or decrease in the interest rate would cause an increase or decrease in interest expense, excluding the capitalization of interest, of approximately $2.2 million over the next 12 months.
We do not use derivative financial instruments for speculative or trading purposes, but this does not preclude our adoption of specific hedging strategies in the future.
Impact of Inflation
Our results of operations and financial condition are presented based on historical cost. While it is difficult to accurately measure the impact of inflation due to the imprecise nature of the estimates required, we have experienced over the last several years varying levels of inflation and subsequent disinflation, resulting in part from various supply disruptions, increased shipping and transportation costs, increased commodity costs, increased labor costs in the supply chain, increased materials costs to develop new stores, increased SG&A related to personnel, travel, and other operational costs and other disruptions caused by the recent macroeconomic environment. Similarly, our IOs have been impacted by staffing challenges and increased labor costs and utility costs within their businesses. Furthermore, our results of operations and financial condition may be materially impacted by inflation in the future.
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Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
Under the supervision and with the participation of our management including our Chief Executive Officer and Interim Chief Financial Officer, we evaluated the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures pursuant to Rule 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the "Exchange Act") as of the end of the period covered by this report. Our disclosure controls and procedures are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC's rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and our Interim Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosures.
Based on that evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Interim Chief Financial Officer have concluded our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective as of March 30, 2024 due to the material weakness in our internal control over financial reporting, as of December 30, 2023. A "material weakness" is a deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting, such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement in annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis.
Material Weakness and Remediation Plan
The identified material weakness in internal control over financial reporting as of December 30, 2023 related to deficiencies in the design and operating effectiveness of certain information technology general computer controls ("ITGC's"). In particular, the replacement of components of our enterprise resource planning system in late August 2023 led to a significant increase in the volume of transactions across user access, program change management, and IT operations for which our existing controls for such matters were not designed to address. Further, certain of the Company's related business controls that are dependent upon the affected ITGC's were also deemed ineffective as of December 30, 2023.
Management has established a remediation plan to redesign the user access, program change management and IT operations controls to ensure they are designed and operating effectively. These remediation efforts began during the fiscal quarter ended December 30, 2023 and are expected to be completed during the fiscal year ending December 28, 2024, after the controls have operated for a sufficient period of time and management has concluded through testing that the controls are operating effectively.
We did not identify any material misstatements to the condensed consolidated financial statements as of and for the fiscal quarter ended March 30, 2024 because of these control deficiencies. However, the pervasive impact of these control deficiencies to the Company's internal control over financial reporting creates a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement to the condensed consolidated financial statements would not be prevented or detected on a timely basis.
For further information regarding the identified material weakness, see Part I, Item 1A. "Risk Factors" and Part II, Item 9A. "Controls and Procedures" in our 2023 Form 10-K.
Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting
Other than the remediation efforts identified above, during the three months ended, March 30, 2024, there was no change in our internal control over financial reporting that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
Limitations on Effectiveness of Controls
In designing and evaluating the disclosure controls and procedures and internal control over financial reporting, management recognizes that any controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable assurance of achieving the desired control objectives. In addition, the design of disclosure controls and procedures must reflect the fact that there are resource constraints and that management is required to apply its judgment in evaluating the benefits of possible controls and procedures relative to their costs.

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PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
From time to time, we are party to claims, proceedings and litigation that arise in the ordinary course of our business. Management believes that we do not have any pending litigation that, separately or in the aggregate, would have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition or cash flows. Further, no material legal proceedings were terminated, settled or otherwise resolved during the 13 weeks ended March 30, 2024.
SEC regulations require us to disclose information about certain environmental proceedings if we reasonably believe that such proceedings may result in monetary sanctions above a stated threshold. Pursuant to SEC regulations, we use a threshold of $1.0 million for purposes of determining whether disclosure of any such proceedings is required.
Item 1A. Risk Factors
In addition to the other information set forth in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, our business, financial condition and operating results can be affected by a number of factors, whether currently known or unknown, including but not limited to those described in Part I, Item 1A of our 2023 Form 10-K under the heading "Risk Factors," any one or more of which could, directly or indirectly, cause our actual financial condition and operating results to vary materially from past, or from anticipated future, financial condition and operating results. Any of these factors, in whole or in part, could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition, operating results and stock price. There have been no material changes to our risk factors since the 2023 Form 10-K.
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
The following table sets forth information on our share repurchase program activity of our common stock for the 13 weeks ended March 30, 2024 (amounts in thousands, except share and per share data):
PeriodTotal Number of Shares Purchased
Average Price Paid Per Share (1)
Total Number of Shares Purchased as Part of Publicly Announced Plans or Programs (2)
Maximum Dollar Value of Shares that May Yet Be Purchased Under the Plans or Programs (2)
December 31, 2023 - January 27, 2024— $— — $89,751 
January 28, 2024 - February 24, 2024— — — 89,751 
February 25, 2024 - March 30, 2024200,803 26.52 200,803 84,431 
Total first quarter of fiscal 2024200,803 $26.52 200,803 
_______________________
(1)Includes commissions for the shares of our common stock repurchased under the share repurchase programs.
(2)In November 2021, our Board of Directors approved a share repurchase program. This program, effective November 5, 2021 and without an expiration date, authorizes us to repurchase, from time to time and at prices the Company deems appropriate, up to $100.0 million of our outstanding common stock utilizing a variety of methods including open market purchases, accelerated share repurchase programs, privately negotiated transactions, structured repurchase transactions and repurchases under a Rule 10b5-1 plan (which would permit shares to be repurchased when the Company might otherwise be precluded from doing so under securities laws). In addition to the Company's discretion, such repurchases are subject to, among other things, market conditions, applicable legal requirements and debt covenants. The shares purchased were made in open-market transactions pursuant to a Rule 10b5-1 plan.
Item 3. Default Upon Senior Securities
Not applicable.
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosure
Not applicable.
Item 5. Other Information
Rule 10b5-1 Trading Plans - Directors and Section 16 Officers
The following table describes contracts, instructions or written plans for the sale or purchase of our securities adopted or terminated by our directors and Officers (as such term is defined under Section 16 of the Exchange Act) during the 13 weeks ended March 30, 2024, which is intended to satisfy the affirmative defense conditions of Rule 10b5-1(c) of the Exchange Act, referred to as Rule 10b5-1 trading plan:
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Name and PositionDate of Adoption of Rule 10b5-1 Trading PlanDate of Termination of Rule 10b5-1 Trading Plan
Scheduled Expiration of Rule 10b5-1 Trading Plan (1)
Aggregate Number of Securities to be Purchased or Sold
Eric J. Lindberg, Jr.

Chairman of the Board of Directors
8/15/20232/29/20248/23/2024
Up to 680,000 shares of our common stock upon the exercise of stock options (2)
Steven K. Wilson

EVP, Chief Purchasing Officer
8/28/20233/18/20248/16/2024
Up to 144,666 shares of our common stock (which included 32,017 shares upon the exercise of stock options) (2)
Robert J. Sheedy, Jr.

President and Chief Executive Officer; Director
3/4/2024Not applicable
11/25/2024 (3)
Up to 10,389 shares of our common stock upon the exercise of stock options (3)
_______________________
(1)A trading plan may also expire on such earlier date as all transactions under the trading plan are completed.
(2)The stock options included in Mr. Lindberg and Mr. Wilson's 10b5-1 plans had expiration dates of October 21, 2024 and November 25, 2024, respectively.
(3)The stock options included in Mr. Sheedy's 10b5-1 plan have an expiration date of November 25, 2024. Due to the expiration of the stock options on such date, that is the effective termination date of the plan.
During the 13 weeks ended March 30, 2024, none of our directors and Officers (i) adopted a contract, instruction or written plan for the purchase or sale of our securities in any "non-Rule 10b5-1 trading arrangement" or (ii) terminated a contract, instruction or written plan for the purchase or sale of our securities in any "non-Rule 10b5-1 trading arrangement."
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Item 6. Exhibits
Incorporated by Reference
Exhibit No.ExhibitFormFile
No.
Filing
Date
Exhibit
No.
2.1#*
3.18-K001-389506/10/20223.1
3.28-K001-389504/8/20223.1
10.1†*
10.2†8-K001-389503/1/202410.1
31.1*
31.2*
32.1**
32.2**
101.INSInline XBRL Instance Document - the instance document does not appear in the Interactive Data File because its XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document.
101.SCHInline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
101.CALInline XBRL Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
101.DEFInline XBRL Extension Definition Linkbase Document
101.LABInline XBRL Extension Label Linkbase Document
101.PREInline XBRL Extension Presentation Linkbase Document
104Cover Page Interactive Data File - the cover page interactive data file does not appear in the Interactive Data File because its XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document and included as Exhibit 101.
____________________________________
#Schedules and exhibits to this agreement have been omitted pursuant to Item 601(a)(5) of Regulation S-K. The Company agrees to furnish any omitted schedules or exhibits upon the request of the SEC.
Management contract or compensatory plan or arrangement.
*Filed herewith.
**
Furnished herewith. The certifications attached as Exhibit 32.1 and 32.2 that accompany this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are deemed furnished and not filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission and are not to be incorporated by reference into any filing of Grocery Outlet Holding Corp. under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, whether made before or after the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, irrespective of any general incorporation language contained in such filing.

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SIGNATURE
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
Grocery Outlet Holding Corp.
Date:May 8, 2024By:/s/ Lindsay E. Gray
Lindsay E. Gray
Interim Chief Financial Officer and Senior Vice President, Accounting
(Principal Financial Officer and Principal Accounting Officer)

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