10-Q 1 goev-20220930.htm 10-Q goev-20220930
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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
___________________________________________________
FORM 10-Q
___________________________________________________
x    QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES
EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2022
OR
    TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES
EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from ________ to ________
Commission file number: 001-38824
___________________________________________________
CANOO INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
___________________________________________________
Delaware83-1476189
(State or Other Jurisdiction of Incorporation or Organization)(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
19951 Mariner Avenue, Torrance, California
90503
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)(Zip code)
(424) 271-2144
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common stock, $0.0001 par value per shareGOEV
The Nasdaq Global Select Market
Warrants, each whole warrant exercisable for one share of common stock at an exercise price of $11.50 per shareGOEVW
The Nasdaq Global Select Market
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filer
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting companyxEmerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes No ☒
As of November 3, 2022, there were 324,500,887 shares of the registrant’s common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, issued and outstanding.


TABLE OF CONTENTS
2

Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, including, without limitation, statements under the heading “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Act, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the Exchange Act. We have based these forward-looking statements on our current expectations and projections about future events. All statements, other than statements of present or historical fact included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are forward-looking statements. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by terminology such as “anticipate,” “believe,” “continue,” “could,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intends,” “may,” “might,” “plan,” “possible,” “potential,” “predict,” “project,” “should,” “will,” “would” or the negative of such terms or other similar expressions. These forward-looking statements are subject to known and unknown risks, uncertainties and assumptions about us that may cause our actual results, levels of activity, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements.
These statements are subject to known and unknown risks, uncertainties and assumptions, many of which are difficult to predict and are beyond our control and could cause actual results to differ materially from those projected or otherwise implied by the forward-looking statements. Below is a summary of certain material factors that may make an investment in our common stock speculative or risky.
Our management has performed an analysis of our ability to continue as a going concern and has identified substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern. If we are unable to obtain additional funding or do not have access to additional capital, we will be unable to execute our business plans and could be required to terminate or significantly curtail our operations.
Economic, regulatory, political and other events, including the rise in interest rates, heightened inflation, slower growth or recession, issues with supply chain, shortage of labor and the war in Ukraine, adversely affect our financial results.

Our ability to meet the timelines we have established for start of production of our initial electric vehicles ("EVs") is uncertain.
We are an early stage company with a history of losses and expect to incur significant expenses and continuing losses for the foreseeable future.
We may be unable to adequately control the costs associated with our operations.
If we fail to successfully build and tool our manufacturing facilities and/or if we are unable to establish or continue a relationship with a contract manufacturer or if our manufacturing facilities become inoperable, we will be unable to produce our vehicles and our business will be harmed.
Developing our own manufacturing facilities for production of our EVs could increase our capital expenditures and delay or inhibit production of our EVs.
Customers who have committed to purchase significant amounts of our vehicles may purchase significantly fewer vehicles than we currently anticipate or none at all. In that case, we will not realize the revenue we expect from these customers.
We may not be able to realize the non-dilutive financial incentives offered by the States of Oklahoma and Arkansas where we will develop our own manufacturing facilities.
We have not achieved positive operating cash flow and, given our projected funding needs, our ability to generate positive cash flow is uncertain.
Our financial results may vary significantly from period to period due to fluctuations in our operating costs, product demand and other factors.
Our limited operating history makes evaluating our business and future prospects difficult and increases the risk of your investment.
3

We previously identified material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting. Although the weaknesses previously identified have been remediated, if we identify additional material weaknesses in the future or otherwise fail to maintain an effective system of internal controls, we may not be able to accurately or timely report our financial condition or results of operations, which may adversely affect our business and stock price.
If we fail to manage our growth effectively, we may not be able to design, develop, manufacture, market and launch our EVs successfully.
We are highly dependent on the services of our key employees and senior management and, if we are unable to attract and retain key employees and hire qualified management, technical and EV engineering personnel, our ability to compete could be harmed.
We face significant barriers to manufacture and bring our EVs to market, and if we cannot successfully overcome those barriers our business will be negatively impacted.
Our ability to develop and manufacture EVs of sufficient quality and appeal to customers on schedule and on a large scale is unproven and still evolving.
We have no experience to date in high volume manufacture of our EVs.
We will depend initially on revenue generated from a single EV model and in the foreseeable future will be significantly dependent on a limited number of models.
There is no guarantee that we will be able to develop our software platform, Canoo Digital Ecosystem, or that if we are able to develop it, that we will obtain the revenue and other benefits we expect from it.
We may fail to attract new customers in sufficient numbers or at sufficient rates or at all or to retain existing customers.
If our EVs fail to perform as expected, our ability to develop, market and deploy our EVs could be harmed.
Our distribution model may expose us to risk and if unsuccessful may impact our business prospects and results of operations.
We may experience significant delays in the design, production and launch of our EVs, which could harm our business, prospects, financial condition and operating results.
Increases in costs, disruption of supply or shortage of raw materials and other components used in our vehicles, in particular lithium-ion battery cells, could harm our business.    
We depend upon third parties to manufacture and to supply key components and services necessary for our vehicles. We do not have long-term agreements with all of our manufacturers and suppliers, and if these manufacturers or suppliers become unwilling or unable to provide these key components and services we would not be able to find alternative sources in a timely manner and our business would be adversely impacted.
We are or may be subject to risks associated with strategic alliances or acquisitions and may not be able to identify adequate strategic relationship opportunities, or form strategic relationships, in the future.
Our EVs are based on the use of complex and novel steer-by-wire technology that is unproven on a wide commercial scale and rely on software and hardware that is highly technical, and if these systems contain errors, bugs or vulnerabilities, or if we are unsuccessful in addressing or mitigating technical limitations in our systems, our business could be adversely affected.
We are subject to cybersecurity risks to our operational systems, security systems, infrastructure, integrated software in our EVs and customer data processed by us or third-party vendors.
4

We face legal, regulatory and legislative uncertainty in how our go-to-market models will be interpreted under existing and future law, including the potential inability to protect our intellectual property rights, and we may be required to adjust our consumer business model in certain jurisdictions as a result.
The automotive market is highly competitive and technological developments by our competitors may adversely affect the demand for our EVs and our competitiveness in this industry.
Importantly, the summary above does not address all the risks and uncertainties that we face. Additional discussion of the risks and uncertainties summarized herein, as well as other risks and uncertainties that we face, can be found under Part II, Item 1A, “Risk Factors” in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and Part I, Item 1A, “Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") on March 1, 2022. The above summary is qualified in its entirety by those more complete discussions of such risks and uncertainties. Given such risks and uncertainties, you should not place undue reliance on forward-looking statements.
Should one or more of these risks or uncertainties materialize, or should underlying assumptions prove incorrect, actual results and plans could differ materially from those expressed in any forward-looking statements. We undertake no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as may be required under applicable securities laws.
By their nature, forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties because they relate to events and depend on circumstances that may or may not occur in the future. We caution you that forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and that our actual results of operations, financial condition and liquidity, and developments in the industry in which we operate may differ materially from those made in or suggested by the forward-looking statements contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. In addition, even if our results or operations, financial condition and liquidity, and developments in the industry in which we operate are consistent with the forward-looking statements contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, those results or developments may not be indicative of results or developments in subsequent periods.
Glossary
Unless otherwise stated in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q or the context otherwise requires, and regardless of capitalization, references to:
“Business Combination” refers to the Company’s merger consummated on December 21, 2020, pursuant to that certain Merger Agreement and Plan of Reorganization, dated August 17, 2020, by and among HCAC, HCAC IV First Merger Sub, Ltd., an exempted company incorporated with limited liability in the Cayman Islands and a direct, wholly owned subsidiary of HCAC, EV Global Holdco LLC (f/k/a HCAC IV Second Merger Sub, LLC), a Delaware limited liability company and a direct, wholly owned subsidiary of HCAC, and Canoo Holdings Ltd., an exempted company incorporated with limited liability in the Cayman Islands;
“Common Stock” are to our common stock, $0.0001 par value per share;
“Company,” “our Company” “we” or “us” are to Canoo Inc. following completion of the Business Combination in December 2020;
“HCAC” means the special purpose acquisition company, Hennessy Capital Acquisition Corp. IV;
“Legacy Canoo” means Canoo Holdings Ltd. prior to completion of the Business Combination in December 2020;
“management” or our “management team” are to our officers and directors;
“private placement warrants” are to warrants sold to certain initial purchasers as part of the private placement that occurred simultaneously with the completion of HCAC’s initial public offering, which are not-redeemable so long as they are held by the initial purchasers of the warrants or their permitted transferees; and
5

“public warrants” are to our redeemable warrants sold as part of the units in HCAC’s initial public offering (whether they were purchased in our initial public offering or thereafter in the open market) and to any private placement warrants that are sold to third parties that are not initial purchasers of the warrants or their permitted transferees or otherwise voluntarily converted by their holder.
6

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements
CANOO INC.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(in thousands, except par values) (unaudited)
September 30,
2022
December 31,
2021
Assets
Current assets
Cash and cash equivalents$6,815 $224,721 
Restricted cash, current4,208 2,771 
Inventory1,282  
Prepaids and other current assets28,107 63,814 
Total current assets40,412 291,306 
Property and equipment, net301,974 202,314 
Restricted cash, non-current9,500  
Operating lease right-of-use assets28,469 14,228 
Deferred asset - Walmart warrants50,175  
Other assets14,256 15,226 
Total assets$444,786 $523,074 
Liabilities and stockholders' equity
Liabilities
Current liabilities
Accounts payable$96,576 $52,267 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities74,118 83,925 
Convertible debt, current12,500  
Total current liabilities183,194 136,192 
Contingent earnout shares liability6,188 29,057 
Operating lease liabilities27,533 13,826 
Total liabilities216,915 179,075 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 8)
Stockholders’ equity
Preferred stock, $0.0001 par value; 10,000 authorized, no shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021
  
Common stock, $0.0001 par value; 500,000 authorized; 299,868 and 238,578 issued and outstanding at September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively
29 24 
Additional paid-in capital1,327,435 1,036,104 
Accumulated deficit(1,099,593)(692,129)
Total stockholders’ equity227,871 343,999 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity$444,786 $523,074 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.
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CANOO INC.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations (in thousands, except per share values)
Three and Nine Months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021 (unaudited)
Three months ended September 30,Nine months ended September 30,
2022202120222021
Revenue$ $ $ $ 
Costs and Operating Expenses
Cost of revenue, excluding depreciation    
Research and development expenses, excluding depreciation57,063 59,387 255,009 158,033 
Selling, general and administrative expenses, excluding depreciation48,826 45,510 159,600 144,072 
Depreciation3,449 2,109 9,020 6,317 
Total costs and operating expenses109,338 107,006 423,629 308,422 
Loss from operations(109,338)(107,006)(423,629)(308,422)
Other (expense) income
Interest (expense) income(2,179)33 (2,189)79 
(Loss) gain on fair value change in contingent earnout shares liability(2,067)25,764 22,869 101,166 
Loss on fair value change in private placement warrants liability   (1,639)
Loss on extinguishment of debt(4,095) (4,095) 
Other (expense) income, net(26)334 (420)160 
Loss before income taxes(117,705)(80,875)(407,464)(208,656)
Provision for income taxes    
Net loss and comprehensive loss$(117,705)$(80,875)$(407,464)$(208,656)
Per Share Data:
Net loss per share, basic and diluted$(0.43)$(0.35)$(1.62)$(0.92)
Weighted-average shares outstanding, basic and diluted275,455 228,477 250,783 226,747 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.
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CANOO INC.
Condensed Consolidated Statement of Stockholders’ Equity (in thousands)
Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2022 (unaudited)
Common stockAdditional
paid-in
capital
Accumulated
deficit
Total
stockholders’
Equity
SharesAmount
Balance as of December 31, 2021238,578 $24 $1,036,104 $(692,129)$343,999 
Repurchase of unvested shares – forfeitures(296)— (3)— (3)
Issuance of shares for restricted stock units vested584 — — —  
Issuance of shares upon exercise of vested stock options20 — — —  
Purchase of shares and warrants by VDL Nedcar972 — 8,400 — 8,400 
Stock-based compensation— — 20,680 — 20,680 
Net loss and comprehensive loss— — (125,367)(125,367)
Balance as of March 31, 2022239,858 $24 $1,065,181 $(817,496)$247,709 
Repurchase of unvested shares - forfeitures(175)— (3)— (3)
Issuance of shares for restricted stock units vested1,017 — — —  
Issuance of shares under SEPA agreement (Note 12)14,236 1 33,082 — 33,083 
Issuance of shares under PIPE agreement (Note 10)13,699 1 49,999 — 50,000 
Issuance of shares upon exercise of vested stock options7 — — —  
Issuance of shares under employee stock purchase plan254 — 1,175 — 1,175 
Stock-based compensation— — 20,773 — 20,773 
Net loss and comprehensive loss— — — (164,392)(164,392)
Balance as of June 30, 2022268,896 $26 $1,170,207 $(981,888)$188,345 
Repurchase of unvested shares - forfeitures(176)— (3)— (3)
Issuance of shares for restricted stock units vested1,245 — — —  
Issuance of shares upon exercise of vested stock options24 — — —  
Issuance of shares under employee stock purchase plan830 — 1,324 — 1,324 
Issuance of shares under PPA agreement (Note 7)27,015 3 81,906 — 81,909 
Issuance of shares under legal settlement (Note 8)2,034 — 5,532 — 5,532 
Recognition of vested Walmart warrants— — 50,175 — 50,175 
Offering costs for the issuance of shares— — (1,233)— (1,233)
Stock-based compensation— — 19,527  19,527 
Net loss and comprehensive loss— — — (117,705)(117,705)
Balance as of September 30, 2022299,868 29 1,327,435 (1,099,593)227,871 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.
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CANOO INC.
Condensed Consolidated Statement of Stockholders’ Equity (in thousands)
Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2021 (unaudited)
Common stockAdditional
paid-in
capital
Accumulated
deficit
Total
stockholders’
equity
SharesAmount
Balance as of December 31, 2020235,753 $24 $910,579 $(345,361)$565,242 
Proceeds from exercise of public warrants597 — 6,867 — 6,867 
Repurchase of unvested shares – forfeitures(118)— (2)— (2)
Issuance of shares for restricted stock units vested1,230 — — —  
Issuance of shares upon exercise of vested stock options37 — —   
Stock-based compensation— — 45,146 — 45,146 
Conversion of private placement warrants to public warrants— — — 8,252 — 8,252 
Net loss and comprehensive loss— — — (15,227)(15,227)
Balance as of March 31, 2021237,499 $24 $970,842 $(360,588)$610,278 
Repurchase of unvested shares - forfeitures(56)— (2)— (2)
Issuance of shares for restricted stock units vested114 — — —  
Issuance of shares upon exercise of vested stock options6 — —   
Stock-based compensation— — 25,514 — 25,514 
Net loss and comprehensive loss— — — (112,554)(112,554)
Balance as of June 30, 2021237,563 $24 $996,354 $(473,142)$523,236 
Proceeds from exercise of public warrants1 — 12 — 12 
Repurchase of unvested shares - forfeitures(391)— (3)— (3)
Issuance of shares for restricted stock units vested418 — — —  
Issuance of shares upon exercise of vested stock options12 — —   
Stock-based compensation— — 19,098 — 19,098 
Net loss and comprehensive loss— — — (80,875)(80,875)
Balance as of September 30, 2021237,603 $24 $1,015,461 $(554,017)$461,468 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.
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CANOO INC.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (in thousands)
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2022 and 2021 (unaudited)
Nine months ended
September 30,
20222021
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net loss$(407,464)$(208,656)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:
Depreciation9,020 6,317 
Non-cash operating lease expense1,515 774 
Non-cash commitment fee under SEPA582  
Non-cash legal settlement5,532  
Stock-based compensation expense60,980 89,758 
Gain on fair value change of contingent earnout shares liability(22,869)(101,166)
Loss on fair value change in private placement warrants liability 1,639 
Loss on extinguishment of debt4,095  
Non-cash debt discount900  
Amortization of debt issuance costs and non-cash interest expense1,316  
Changes in assets and liabilities:
Inventory(1,282) 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets4,037 (8,915)
Other assets970 (939)
Accounts payable & accrued expenses and other current liabilities12,805 40,567 
Net cash used in operating activities(329,863)(180,621)
Cash flows from investing activities:
Purchases of property and equipment(88,817)(73,976)
Prepayment to VDL Nedcar (26,134)
Return of prepayment from VDL Nedcar30,440  
Net cash used in investing activities(58,377)(100,110)
Cash flows from financing activities:
Proceeds from exercise of public warrants 6,879 
Repurchase of unvested shares(9)(7)
Payment of offering costs(1,219)(5,306)
Repayment of PPP loan (6,943)
Proceeds from the purchase of shares and warrants by VDL Nedcar8,400  
Proceeds from issuance of shares under SEPA agreement32,500  
Proceeds from issuance of shares under PIPE50,000  
Proceeds from employee stock purchase plan2,499  
Proceeds from PPA89,100  
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities181,271 (5,377)
Net decrease in cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash(206,969)(286,108)
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash, beginning of period227,492 702,422 
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash, end of period$20,523 $416,314 
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Reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash to the condensed consolidated balance sheets
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period$6,815 $414,904 
Restricted cash, current at end of period4,208 1,410 
Restricted cash, non-current at end of period$9,500 $ 
Total cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash at end of period shown in the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows$20,523 $416,314 
Supplemental non-cash investing and financing activities
Acquisition of property and equipment included in current liabilities$72,375 $46,774 
Offering costs included in current liabilities$1,189 $8,001 
Recognition of operating lease right-of-use asset$15,757 $2,362 
Conversion of private placement warrants to public warrants$ $8,252 
Issuance of shares for extinguishment of convertible debt under PPA agreement$81,909 $ 
Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information
Cash paid for interest$ $60 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.
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CANOO INC.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(dollars in thousands, unless otherwise stated) (unaudited)
1. Organization and Business
Canoo Inc. (“Canoo” or the “Company”) is a mobility technology company with a mission to bring electric vehicles ("EVs") to everyone. We have developed a breakthrough EV platform that we believe will enable us to rapidly innovate, and bring new products addressing multiple use cases to market faster than our competition and at a lower cost.
2. Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the rules and regulations of the SEC and accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”) for interim reporting. Accordingly, certain notes or other information that are normally required by GAAP have been omitted if they substantially duplicate the disclosures contained in the Company’s annual audited consolidated financial statements. Accordingly, the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company’s audited financial statements and related notes included in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021, filed with the SEC on March 1, 2022 (“Annual Report on Form 10-K”). Results of operations reported for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of results for the entire year. In the opinion of management, the Company has made all adjustments necessary to present fairly its condensed consolidated financial statements for the periods presented. Such adjustments are of a normal, recurring nature. The Company’s financial statements have been prepared under the assumption that the Company will continue as a going concern, which contemplates the realization of assets and discharge of liabilities in the normal course of business for the foreseeable future.
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include the results of the Company and its subsidiaries. The Company’s comprehensive loss is the same as its net loss.
Except for any updates below, no material changes have occurred with respect to the Company’s significant accounting policies disclosed in Note 2 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of the Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Liquidity and Capital Resources

As of the date of the filing of this Form 10-Q, the Company’s principal sources of liquidity are its unrestricted cash balance and its access to capital under the Wainwright ATM Program (as defined below). The Company has incurred losses since inception and had negative cash flow from operating activities of $329.9 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2022. The Company expects to continue to incur net losses and negative cash flows from operating activities in accordance with its operating plan and expects that both capital and operating expenditures will increase significantly in connection with its ongoing activities. As previously disclosed in our 2021 Form 10-K, management planned to raise additional capital through a combination of debt financing, other non-dilutive financing and/or equity financing and to the extent unsuccessful at doing so, management had the intent and ability to use its discretion to delay, scale back, or abandon future expenditures. As of the date of the filing of this Form 10-Q, management has not taken actions to delay, scale back, or abandon future expenditures. However, management’s actions to preserve an adequate level of liquidity for a period of twelve months from the date of the filing of this Form 10-Q are not sufficient on their own without obtaining access to additional liquidity to mitigate the conditions raising substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern.
As an early-stage growth company, the Company’s ability to access capital is critical. Although management continues to explore raising additional capital through a combination of debt financing, other non-dilutive financing and/or equity financing to supplement the Company’s capitalization and liquidity, management cannot conclude as of the date of this filing that its plans are probable of being successfully implemented. The condensed consolidated interim financial information does not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.
We believe substantial doubt exists about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern for twelve months from the date of issuance of our financial statements.
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Macroeconomic Conditions
Current adverse macroeconomic conditions, including but not limited to heightened inflation, slower growth or recession, changes to fiscal and monetary policy, higher interest rates, currency fluctuations, challenges in the supply chain and the ongoing impacts from COVID-19, could negatively affect our business.
Ultimately, the Company cannot predict the impact of current or worsening macroeconomic conditions or the ongoing impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic. The Company continues to monitor macroeconomic conditions to remain flexible and to optimize and evolve its business as appropriate. To do this, the Company is working on projecting demand and infrastructure requirements and deploying its workforce and other resources accordingly.
Property and Equipment, net
Construction-in-progress is stated at historical cost and is transferred to its respective depreciable asset class once the underlying asset is ready for its intended use. Depreciation of construction-in-progress begins only once placed into service, over the estimated useful life on a straight-line basis. Useful life determination requires significant judgment.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
The Company applies the provisions of ASC 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures, which provides a single authoritative definition of fair value, sets out a framework for measuring fair value and expands on required disclosures about fair value measurement. Fair value represents the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. The Company uses the following hierarchy in measuring the fair value of the Company’s assets and liabilities, focusing on the most observable inputs when available:
Level 1 Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.
Level 2 Observable inputs other than Level 1 quoted prices, such as quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets, quoted prices in markets that are not active for identical or similar assets and liabilities, or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities.
Level 3 Valuations are based on inputs that are unobservable and significant to the overall fair value measurement of the assets or liabilities. Inputs reflect management’s best estimate of what market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability at the measurement date. Consideration is given to the risk inherent in the valuation technique and the risk inherent in the inputs to the model.
Valuation techniques used to measure fair value must maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs. The following table summarizes the Company’s assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis as required by ASC 820, by level, within the fair value hierarchy as of September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021 (in thousands):
September 30, 2022
Fair ValueLevel 1Level 2Level 3
Liability
Contingent earnout shares liability$6,188$$$6,188
    
December 31, 2021
Fair ValueLevel 1Level 2Level 3
Liability
Contingent earnout shares liability$29,057 $ $ $29,057 
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The Company's financial assets and liabilities not measured at fair value on a recurring basis include cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, short-term debt, accounts payable, and other current liabilities and are reflected in the financial statements at cost. Cost approximates fair value for these items due to their short-term nature.
Earnout Shares Liability
The Company has a contingent obligation to issue 15.0 million shares of Common Stock to certain stockholders and employees upon the achievement of certain market share price milestones within specified periods (the “Earnout Shares”). Upon the occurrence of a bankruptcy or liquidation, any unissued Earnout Shares would be fully issued regardless of whether the share price target has been met.
The Earnout Shares are accounted for as a contingent liability and its fair value is determined using Level 3 inputs, since estimating the fair value of this contingent liability requires the use of significant and subjective inputs that may and are likely to change over the duration of the liability with related changes in internal and external market factors. The tranches were valued using the Monte Carlo simulation of the stock prices based on historical and implied market volatility of the Company.
Following is a summary of the change in fair value of contingent earnout shares liability for the nine months ended September 30, 2022 (in thousands).
Beginning fair value at December 31, 2021
$29,057 
Change in fair value during the period(22,869)
Ending fair value at September 30, 2022
$6,188 
Convertible Debt
The Company accounts for convertible debt that does not meet the criteria for equity treatment in accordance with the guidance contained in Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2020-06, Debt—Debt with Conversion and Other Options (Subtopic 470-20) and Derivatives and Hedging—Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity (Subtopic 815-40): Accounting for Convertible Instruments and Contracts in an Entity’s Own Equity. Accordingly, the Company elected to classify the convertible debt as a liability at amortized cost using the effective interest method. The Company classifies convertible debt based on the re-payment terms and conditions. Any discounts on the convertible debt and costs incurred upon issuance of the convertible debt are amortized to interest expense over the terms of the related convertible debt. Convertible debt is also analyzed for the existence of embedded derivatives, which may require bifurcation from the convertible debt and separate accounting treatment. Refer to Note 7 for information regarding convertible debt.
Warrants

The Company determines the accounting classification of warrants it issues as either liability or equity classified by first assessing whether the warrants meet liability classification in accordance with ASC 480-10, Accounting for Certain Financial Instruments with Characteristics of both Liabilities and Equity ("ASC 480"), then in accordance with ASC 815-40 ("ASC 815"), Accounting for Derivative Financial Instruments Indexed to, and Potentially Settled in, a Company’s Own Stock. Under ASC 480, warrants are considered liability classified if the warrants are mandatorily redeemable, obligate the Company to settle the warrants or the underlying shares by paying cash or other assets, or warrants that must or may require settlement by issuing variable number of shares. If warrants do not meet liability classification under ASC 480, the Company assesses the requirements under ASC 815, which states that contracts that require or may require the issuer to settle the contract for cash are liabilities recorded at fair value, irrespective of the likelihood of the transaction occurring that triggers the net cash settlement feature. If the warrants do not require liability classification under ASC 815, and in order to conclude equity classification, the Company also assesses whether the warrants are indexed to its common stock and whether the warrants are classified as equity under ASC 815 or other applicable GAAP. After all relevant assessments, the Company concludes whether the warrants are classified as liability or equity. Liability classified warrants require fair value accounting at issuance and subsequent to initial issuance with all changes in fair value after the issuance date recorded in the statements of operations. Equity classified warrants only require fair value accounting at issuance with no changes recognized subsequent to the issuance date. Refer to Note 13 for information regarding the warrants issued to Walmart Inc. ("Walmart").
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3. Recent Accounting Pronouncements
Changes to GAAP are established by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”), in the form of ASUs, to the FASB’s Accounting Standards Codification.
The Company considers the applicability and impact of all ASUs. ASUs not listed below were assessed and determined to be either not applicable or are expected to have immaterial impact on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements Adopted
In November 2021, the FASB issued ASU No. 2021-10, Government Assistance (Topic 832): Disclosures by Business Entities about Government Assistance, which amends the guidance on accounting for government assistance and requires business entities to disclose information about certain government assistance they receive. The disclosures include information around the nature of the assistance, the related accounting policies used to account for government assistance, the effect of government assistance on the entity’s financial statements, and any significant terms and conditions of the agreements, including commitments and contingencies. The amendments are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021, and only impacts annual financial statement footnote disclosures. The Company adopted the new standard during the three months ended March 31, 2022, and the impact of any government assistance transactions within the scope of this standard will be included within our annual financial statement footnote disclosures for year ended December 31, 2022.
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted
In September 2022, the FASB issued ASU No. 2022-04, Liabilities—Supplier Finance Programs (Topic 405-50): Disclosure of Supplier Finance Program Obligations, which adds certain disclosure requirements for a buyer in a supplier finance program. The amendments require that a buyer in a supplier finance program disclose sufficient information about the program to allow a user of financial statements to understand the program’s nature, activity during the period, changes from period to period, and potential magnitude. The amendments are expected to improve financial reporting by requiring new disclosures about the programs, thereby allowing financial statement users to better consider the effect of the programs on an entity’s working capital, liquidity, and cash flows. The amendments are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022 on a retrospective basis, including interim periods within those fiscal years, except for the requirement to disclose rollforward information, which is effective prospectively for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2023. Early adoption is permitted. We are currently assessing the provisions of this new pronouncement and evaluating any material impact that this guidance may have on our condensed consolidated financial statements.
4. Prepaids and other current assets
Prepaids and other current assets consisted of the following (in thousands):
September 30, 2022December 31, 2021
Receivable from VDL Nedcar$ $30,440 
Deferred battery supplier cost18,300 18,300 
Short term deposits2,977 7,030 
Prepaid expense6,021 4,865 
Other current assets809 3,179 
Prepaids and other current assets$28,107 $63,814 
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5. Property and Equipment, net
Property and equipment, net consisted of the following (in thousands):
September 30,
2022
December 31,
2021
Tooling, machinery, and equipment 31,309 18,040 
Computer hardware8,643 6,161 
Computer software9,053 7,837 
Vehicles295 267 
Furniture and fixtures742 742 
Leasehold improvements14,956 14,939 
Construction-in-progress267,830 176,162 
332,828 224,148 
Less: Accumulated depreciation(30,854)(21,834)
Property and equipment, net$301,974 $202,314 
Construction-in-progress is primarily related to the development of manufacturing lines as well as equipment and tooling necessary in the production of the Company’s vehicles. Completed tooling assets are transferred to their respective asset classes and depreciation begins when an asset is ready for its intended use.
Depreciation expense for property and equipment was $3.4 million and $9.0 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022, respectively. Depreciation expense for property and equipment was $2.1 million and $6.3 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, respectively.
6. Accrued Expenses and Other Current Liabilities
Accrued expenses consisted of the following (in thousands):
September 30,
2022
December 31,
2021
Accrued property and equipment purchases$26,331 $34,375 
Accrued research and development costs23,398 23,994 
Accrued professional fees14,174 9,239 
Accrued battery supplier costs 10,000 
Other accrued expenses10,215 6,317 
Total accrued expenses$74,118 $83,925 
7. Convertible Debt
Yorkville PPA

On July 20, 2022, the Company entered into a Pre-Paid Advance Agreement (the "PPA") with YA II PN, Ltd. ("Yorkville") pursuant to which the Company could request advances of up to $50.0 million in cash from Yorkville, with an aggregate limit of $300.0 million (the "Pre-Paid Advance"). Amounts outstanding under Pre-Paid Advances could be offset by the issuance of shares of Common Stock to Yorkville at a price per share calculated pursuant to the PPA as the lower of 120% of the daily volume-weighted average price (“VWAP”) on Nasdaq as of the day immediately preceding the date a Pre-Paid Advance was made (“Fixed Price”) or 95% of the VWAP on Nasdaq as of the day immediately preceding the conversion date, which in no event would be less than $1.00 per share (“Floor Price”). The issuance of the shares of Common Stock under the PPA is subject to certain limitations, including that the aggregate number of shares of Common Stock issued pursuant to the PPA (including the aggregation with the issuance of shares of Common Stock under Standby Equity Purchase Agreement entered into by the Company with Yorkville on May 10, 2022 (the “SEPA”), which was terminated effective August 26, 2022) cannot exceed 19.9% of the Company's outstanding shares of Common Stock as of May 10, 2022 ("Exchange Cap"). Interest accrues on the outstanding balance of any Pre-Paid Advance at an annual rate
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equal to 5%, subject to an increase to 15% upon events of default described in the PPA. Each Pre-Paid Advance has a maturity date of 15 months from the Pre-Paid Advance Date. Yorkville is not entitled to participate in any earnings distributions until a Pre-Paid Advance is offset with shares of Common Stock.

On July 22, 2022, the Company received an aggregate of $49.5 million on account of the first Pre-Paid Advance in accordance with the PPA. On August 26, 2022, the Company received an aggregate of $39.6 million on account of the second Pre-Paid Advance in accordance with the PPA. The net proceeds received by the Company from Yorkville include a 1% discount of the Pre-Paid Advance in accordance with the PPA. As of September 6, 2022, the first Pre-Paid Advance was fully paid off through the issuance of 15.1 million shares of Common Stock to Yorkville. As of September 30, 2022, 11.9 million shares of Common Stock has been issued to Yorkville under the second Pre-Paid Advance, with a remaining principal balance of $12.5 million presented as convertible debt, current within the condensed consolidated balance sheet as of September 30, 2022. The Company is required to pay the balance of the Pre-Paid Advance by making weekly payments of $1.0 million pursuant to a Side Letter to the PPA dated October 5, 2022 (the "PPA Side Letter"). Interest expense incurred under the PPA for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022 was $2.2 million, which was a result of effective interest incurred under the PPA of $0.3 million, as well as the amortization of related debt issuance costs of $1.0 million and debt discount of $0.9 million. As of September 30, 2022, total remaining shares of Common Stock issuable under the Exchange Cap was 7.5 million.

Other than the balance to be paid pursuant to the PPA Side Letter, the PPA provides that in respect of any Pre-Paid Advance, if the VWAP of shares of Common Stock is less than the Floor Price for at least five trading days during a period of seven consecutive trading days or the Company has issued substantially all of the shares of Common Stock available under the Exchange Cap, then the Company is required to make monthly cash payments of amounts outstanding under any Pre-Paid Advance beginning on the 10th calendar day and continuing on the same day of each successive calendar month until the entire amount of such Pre-Paid Advance balance has been paid or until the payment obligation ceases. Pursuant to the PPA, the monthly payment obligation ceases if the Exchange Cap no longer applies and the VWAP is greater than the Floor Price for a period of five consecutive trading days, unless a subsequent triggering date occurs.

The Company, at its option, has the right, but not the obligation, to repay early in cash a portion or all amounts outstanding under any Pre-Paid Advance, provided that the VWAP of the Common Stock is less than the Fixed Price during a period of three consecutive trading days immediately prior to the date on which the Company delivers a notice to Yorkville of its intent and such notice is delivered at least 10 trading days prior to the date on which the Company will make such payment. If elected, the early repayment amount is to include a 3% redemption premium (“Redemption Premium”). If any Pre-Paid Advances are outstanding and any event of default has occurred, the full amount outstanding under the Pre-Paid Advances plus the Redemption Premium, together with interest and other amounts owed in respect thereof, will become, at Yorkville’s election, immediately due and payable in cash.
8. Commitments and Contingencies
Commitments
Refer to Note 9 for information regarding operating lease commitments.
In connection with the commencement of the Company's Bentonville, Arkansas lease in February 2022, the Company issued a standby letter of credit of $9.5 million which is included in restricted cash, non-current within the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet as of September 30, 2022. The letter of credit has a five year term and will not be drawn upon unless the Company fails to make its payments.
Legal Proceedings
From time to time, the Company may become subject to legal proceedings, claims and litigation arising in the ordinary course of business. Some of these claims, lawsuits and other proceedings may involve highly complex issues that are subject to substantial uncertainties, and could result in damages, fines, penalties, non-monetary sanctions or relief.

On April 2, 2021 and April 9, 2021, the Company was named as a defendant in putative class action complaints filed in California on behalf of individuals who purchased or acquired shares of the Company’s stock during a specified period. Through the complaint, plaintiffs are seeking, among other things, compensatory damages. The Company has filed a pending motion to dismiss the complaints. The final determinations of liability arising from these litigation matters will only be made following comprehensive investigations and litigation processes.

On June 25, 2021, the Company was named as a nominal defendant in a stockholder derivative complaint filed in Delaware. Through the stockholder derivative complaint, the plaintiff asserted claims against certain of the Company’s
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current and former officers and directors and seeking, among other things, damages. On September 7, 2022, the court granted the defendants’ motion to dismiss the stockholder derivative complaint, dismissed the plaintiff’s claims without prejudice, and closed the case.
On April 29, 2021, the SEC’s Division of Enforcement advised that it has opened an investigation related to, among other things, HCAC’s initial public offering, HCAC’s merger with the Company and the concurrent private investment in public equity offering, historical movements in the Company, the Company’s operations, business model, revenues, revenue strategy, customer agreements, earnings, and other related topics, along with the recent departures of certain of the Company’s officers. The SEC has informed the Company that its current investigation is a fact-finding inquiry. The SEC has also informed the Company that the investigation does not indicate that it has concluded that anyone has violated the law, and does not indicate that it has a negative opinion of any person, entity or security. We are providing the requested information and cooperating fully with the SEC investigation.
In March 2022, the Company received demand letters on behalf of shareholders of the Company identifying purchases and sales of the Company’s securities within a period of less than six months by DD Global Holdings Ltd. (“DDG”) that resulted in profits in violation of Section 16(b) of the Exchange Act. On May 9, 2022, the Company brought an action against DDG in the Southern District of New York seeking the disgorgement of the Section 16(b) profits obtained by DDG from such purchases and sales. In the action, the Company seeks to recover an estimated $61.1 million of Section 16(b) profits. In September 2022, the Company filed an amended complaint and a motion to dismiss by DDG is fully briefed and pending.
The Company was the respondent in a confidential arbitration initiated by a former employee of the Company concerning a dispute over issued shares of Common Stock. The arbitration demand alleged claims for conversion and violations of various California statutory provisions. The Company filed counterclaims against the former employee for breach of contract and declaratory judgment. The parties entered into a confidential settlement whereby the Company, without admitting wrongdoing, liability or unlawful conduct, released the shares of Common Stock that were in dispute and issued 2,033,864 additional shares of the Common Stock for full and final settlement of the claim.
At this time, the Company does not consider any such claims, lawsuits or proceedings that are currently pending, individually or in the aggregate, including the matters referenced above, to be material to the Company’s business or likely to result in a material adverse effect on its future operating results, financial condition or cash flows should such proceedings be resolved unfavorably.
Indemnifications
In the ordinary course of business, the Company may provide indemnifications of varying scope and terms to vendors, lessors, investors, directors, officers, employees and other parties with respect to certain matters, including, but not limited to, losses arising out of the Company’s breach of such agreements, services to be provided by the Company, or from intellectual property infringement claims made by third-parties. These indemnifications may survive termination of the underlying agreement and the maximum potential amount of future payments the Company could be required to make under these indemnification provisions may not be subject to maximum loss clauses. The Company provided indemnifications to certain of its officers and employees with respect to claims filed by a former employee.
9. Operating Leases

Arkansas Facility Lease
During the first quarter of 2022, the Company entered into a real estate lease for its industrialization facility in Bentonville, Arkansas ("Bentonville lease"). The original lease term is 10 years and commenced on February 1, 2022.
The Bentonville lease contains an option to extend the term for 10 years and is classified as an operating lease. At the inception of the lease, it was not reasonably certain we would exercise any of the options to extend the term of the leases.
The rent payments made by the Company under the Bentonville lease are expensed on a straight-line basis in the condensed consolidated statements of operations.
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Michigan Lease
On October 20, 2021, the Company entered into a real estate lease for office space ("Michigan office lease") and research and development space ("Michigan R&D lease") located in Auburn Hills, Michigan (collectively the “Michigan lease”). The Michigan R&D lease commenced on August 25, 2022 once the Company gained control of the underlying asset. The Michigan R&D lease expires January 31, 2033 and is classified as an operating lease. As of September 30, 2022, the Company does not have control of the office space and therefore, the Michigan office lease has not commenced. The total minimum lease payments over the Michigan office lease is $8.9 million. Upon the execution of the lease agreement, the Company provided the landlord with a standby letter of credit of $1.1 million, which was included in restricted cash, current on the condensed consolidated balance sheets.
The Michigan lease contains one option to extend the term for an additional five-year period. At the inception of the lease, it was not reasonably certain we would exercise the option to extend the term of the lease. The rent payments made by the Company under the Michigan lease are expensed on a straight-line basis in the condensed consolidated statements of operations.
Lease Portfolio
The Company used judgment in determining an appropriate incremental borrowing rate to calculate the operating
lease right-of-use asset and operating lease liability. The weighted average discount rate used was 6.96%. As of September 30, 2022, the remaining operating lease ROU asset and operating lease liability were approximately $28.5 million and $29.3 million, respectively. As of December 31, 2021, the operating lease ROU asset and operating lease liability were approximately $14.2 million and $14.6 million, respectively. As of September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, $1.8 million and $0.8 million, respectively, of the lease liability was determined to be short term and was included in accrued expenses and other current liabilities within the condensed consolidated balance sheets.
Related party lease expense related to these leases were $0.1 million and $0.4 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022, respectively. Related party lease expense related to these leases were $0.1 million and $1.2 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, respectively.
The weighted average remaining lease term at September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021 was 9.7 years and 10.7 years, respectively.
Maturities of the Company’s operating lease liabilities at September 30, 2022 were as follows (in thousands):
Operating
Lease
2022 (excluding the nine months ended September 30, 2022)
$866 
20233,831 
20243,985 
20254,114 
20263,937 
Thereafter24,401 
Total lease payments41,134 
Less: imputed interest(1)
11,840 
Present value of operating lease liabilities
29,294 
Current portion of operating lease liabilities(2)
1,761 
Operating lease liabilities, net of current portion$27,533 
__________________________
(1)Calculated using the incremental borrowing rate
(2)Included within Accrued expenses and other current liabilities line item on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet.
10. Related Party Transactions
On November 25, 2020, Legacy Canoo entered into an agreement, which remains in effect, with Tony Aquila, Executive Chair and Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”) of the Company, to reimburse Mr. Aquila for certain air travel
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expenses based on certain agreed upon criteria (“aircraft reimbursement”). The total aircraft reimbursement to Mr. Aquila for the use of an aircraft owned by Aquila Family Ventures, LLC (“AFV"), an entity controlled by Mr. Aquila, for the purposes related to the business of the Company was less than $0.1 million and approximately $0.6 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022, respectively. The reimbursement was approximately $0.5 million and $1.5 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, respectively. In addition, certain AFV staff provided the Company with shared services support in its Justin, Texas corporate office facility. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022, the Company paid AFV approximately $0.3 million and $0.8 million, respectively, for these services. There were no payments made to AFV for these services for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021.
On May 10, 2022, the Company entered into Common Stock Subscription Agreement providing for the purchase of an aggregate of 13.7 million shares of Common Stock at a price of $3.65 per share for an aggregate purchase price of $50.0 million (the "PIPE"). The purchasers of the shares are special purpose vehicles managed by entities affiliated with Mr. Tony Aquila, the Company’s Executive Chairman and CEO. The closing of the PIPE occurred on May 20, 2022.
11. Stock-based Compensation
Restricted Stock Units
Under the 2020 Equity Incentive Plan, employees are compensated through various forms of equity, including restricted stock unit awards (“RSU”). Each RSU represents a contingent right to receive one share of Common Stock. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022, 2,011,240 and 13,754,492 RSUs were granted subject to time-based vesting, respectively.
Performance-Based Restricted Stock Units
Performance stock unit awards (“PSU”) represent the right to receive a share of Common Stock if service, performance, and market conditions, or a combination thereof, are met over a defined period. PSUs that contain a market condition, such as stock price milestones, are subject to a Monte Carlo simulation model to determine the grant date fair value by simulating a range of possible future stock prices for the Company over the performance period. The grant date fair value of the market condition PSUs is recognized as compensation expense over the greater of the Monte Carlo simulation model’s derived service period and the arrangement’s explicit service period, assuming both conditions must be met.
PSUs subject to performance conditions, such as operational milestones, are measured on the grant date, the total fair value of which is calculated as the product of the number of PSUs and the grant date stock price. Compensation expense for PSUs with a performance condition is recorded each period based upon a probability assessment of the expected outcome of the performance metric with a final adjustment upon measurement at the end of the performance period. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022, 52,606 and 4,298,458 PSUs were granted to Company employees, respectively, with a total grant date fair value of approximately $0.1 million and $13.9 million, respectively. The PSUs vest based on the Company's achievement of certain specified operational milestones by various dates through December 2025. As of the grant date, the Company's analysis determined that these operational milestone
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events are probable of achievement and as such, compensation expense of $3.0 million and $4.6 million has been recognized for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022.
No PSUs were granted to the CEO during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022. The compensation expense recognized for previously awarded PSUs to the CEO was $4.4 million and $13.5 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022.
The following table summarizes the Company’s stock-based compensation expense by line item for the three and nine months ended period presented in the condensed consolidated statements of operations (in millions):
Three months ended
September 30,
Nine months ended
September 30,
2022202120222021
Research and development$8.2 $5.8 $23.4 $22.6 
Selling, general and administrative11.313.337.567.1
Total $19.5 $19.1 $60.9 $89.7 
The Company’s total unrecognized compensation cost as of September 30, 2022, was $86.8 million.
2020 Employee Stock Purchase Plan
The 2020 Employee Stock Purchase Plan (the “2020 ESPP”) was adopted by the board of directors on September 18, 2020, approved by the stockholders on December 18, 2020, and became effective on December 21, 2020 with the Business Combination. On December 21, 2020, the board of directors delegated its authority to administer the 2020 ESPP to the Compensation Committee. The Compensation Committee determined that it is in the best interests of the Company and its stockholders to implement successive three-month purchase periods, with the first offering period commencing on grant date January 3, 2022 and a purchase date of April 1, 2022. The 2020 ESPP provides participating employees with the opportunity to purchase up to a maximum number of shares of Common Stock of 4,034,783, plus the number of shares of Common Stock that are automatically added on January 1st of each year for a period of ten years, in an amount equal to the lesser of (i) 1% of the total number of shares of Common Stock outstanding on December 31st of the preceding calendar year, and (ii) 8,069,566 shares of Common Stock.
During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022, total employee withholding contributions for the 2020 ESPP was $0.5 million and $2.5 million, respectively, which is included in restricted cash, current, within the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet as of September 30, 2022. Approximately $0.2 million and $1.1 million of stock-based compensation expense was recognized for the 2020 ESPP during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022, respectively.
12. Equity
Yorkville SEPA
On May 10, 2022, the Company entered into the SEPA with Yorkville. Pursuant to the SEPA, the Company could sell to Yorkville up to $250.0 million of its shares of Common Stock, at the Company’s request any time during the 36 months following the execution of the SEPA. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022, we issued none and 14.2 million shares of Common Stock to Yorkville, respectively, for cash proceeds of $32.5 million with a portion of the shares issued as non-cash stock purchase discount under the SEPA. Effective August 26, 2022, the Company terminated the SEPA. At the time of termination, there were no outstanding borrowings, advance notices, shares of Common Stock to be issued or fees due under the SEPA.
Wainwright At-The-Market Offering Program

On August 8, 2022, the Company entered into an Equity Distribution Agreement (as supplemented by side letters entered into on August 8, 2022 and on October 5, 2022, the “Wainwright Sales Agreement”) with Evercore Group L.L.C. and H.C. Wainwright & Co., LLC (collectively, the "agents"), to sell shares of Common Stock having an aggregate sales price of up to $200.0 million, from time to time, through an “at-the-market offering” program under which the agents act as sales agents (the “Wainwright ATM Program”). The sales are made by any method permitted by law deemed to be an “at-the-market offering” as defined in Rule 415 promulgated under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended. The Company is
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not obligated to sell any shares of Common Stock under the Wainwright Sales Agreement and may at any time suspend solicitation and offers thereunder. As of September 30, 2022, the Company had not sold shares of Common Stock under the Wainwright ATM Program. See Note 16 for shares sold after September 30, 2022.
Other Issuances of Equity
Refer to Notes 10 and 13 for information regarding the PIPE, VDL Nedcar (as defined below) and Walmart warrants, as applicable.
13. Warrants
Public Warrants
As of September 30, 2022, the Company had 23,755,069 public warrants outstanding. Each public warrant entitles the registered holder to purchase one share of Common Stock at a price of $11.50 per share, subject to adjustment. The public warrants will expire on December 21, 2025, or earlier upon redemption or liquidation.
On March 2, 2021, all of the private placement warrants were converted to public warrants. There were no public warrants exercised for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022.
VDL Nedcar Warrants
In February 2022, the Company and a company related to VDL Nedcar entered into an investment agreement, under which the VDL Nedcar-related company agreed to purchase shares of Common Stock for an aggregate value of $8.4 million, at the market price of Common Stock as of December 14, 2021. As a result, the Company issued 972,222 shares of Common Stock upon execution of the agreement. The Company also issued a warrant to purchase an aggregate 972,222 shares of Common Stock to VDL Nedcar at exercise prices ranging from $18 to $40 per share, which are classified as equity. The exercise period is from November 1, 2022, to November 1, 2025 ("Exercise Period"). The warrant can be exercised in whole or in part during the Exercise Period but can only be exercised in three equal tranches and after the stock price per Common Stock has reached at least the relevant exercise price. The $8.4 million received from VDL Nedcar is included as a financing cash inflow in the accompanying condensed consolidated statement of cash flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2022. The shares of Common Stock issued to VDL Nedcar are included in the accompanying condensed consolidated statement of stockholders' equity for the nine months ended September 30, 2022.
Walmart Warrants
On July 11, 2022, Canoo Sales, LLC, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, entered into an Electric Vehicle Fleet Purchase Agreement (the “Walmart EV Fleet Purchase Agreement") with Walmart. Pursuant to the Walmart EV Fleet Purchase Agreement, subject to certain acceptance and performance criteria, Walmart agreed to purchase at least 4,500 EVs, with an option to purchase up to an additional 5,500 EVs, for an agreed upon capped price per unit determined based on the EV model. The Walmart EV Fleet Purchase Agreement (excluding any work order or purchase order as a part thereof) has a five-year term, unless earlier terminated.

In connection with the Walmart EV Fleet Purchase Agreement, the Company entered into a Warrant Issuance Agreement with Walmart pursuant to which the Company issued to Walmart a Warrant to purchase an aggregate of 61.2 million shares of Common Stock, at an exercise price of $2.15 per share, which represented approximately 20% ownership in the Company on a fully diluted basis as of the issuance date. The Warrant has a term of 10 years and is vested with respect to 15.3 million shares of Common Stock. Thereafter, subject to stockholder approval, as applicable, the Warrant will vest quarterly in amounts proportionate with the net revenue realized by the Company from transactions with Walmart or its affiliates under the Walmart EV Fleet Purchase Agreement or enabled by any other agreement between the Company and Walmart, and any net revenue attributable to any products or services offered by Walmart or its affiliates related to the Company, until such net revenue equals $300.0 million, at which time the Warrant will have vested fully. Of the aggregate 61.2 million shares of Common Stock issuable to Walmart, 7.3 million shares of Common Stock are subject to stockholder approval. In the event that stockholder approval is not obtained, in lieu of any shares which would have been issued to Walmart on account of the Warrant, the Company is required to pay to Walmart an amount in cash calculated pursuant to the Warrant.

Since the counterparty is also a customer, the issuance of the Warrant was determined to be consideration payable to a customer within the scope of ASC 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, and was measured at fair value on the Warrant’s issuance date. Warrants that vested immediately resulted in a corresponding other asset presented on the
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condensed consolidated balance sheets under ASC 606 and amortized on a pro-rata basis, commencing upon initial performance, over the term of the Walmart EV Fleet Purchase Agreement.

The fair value of the Warrants at the issuance date was measured using the Black-Scholes-Merton option pricing model. The key inputs used in the valuation were as follows:

Expected term (years)10
Risk free interest rate3.0 %
Expected volatility91.3 %
Dividend yield %
Exercise price$2.15 
Stock price$3.63 

Estimates were determined as follows: (i) expected term based on the warrant’s contractual term, (ii) based on the blended volatilities of historical and implied market volatility of the Company, (iii) risk-free interest rates based on US Treasury yield for the expected term, and (iv) an expected dividend yield of zero percent was used since we did not yet and not yet presently expect to pay dividends.

As of September 30, 2022, a total of 15.3 million warrants have vested, of which none have been exercised.
14. Net Loss per Share
The condensed consolidated statements of operations include the basic and diluted net loss per share.
The following table presents the potential shares that were excluded from the computation of diluted net loss per share, because their effect was anti-dilutive as follows (in thousands):
September 30,
20222021
Restricted and performance stock units33,257 15,086 
Convertible debt (Note 7)7,451 
Restricted common stock shares3,019 5,123 
Early exercise of unvested stock options870 3,146 
Options to purchase common stock197 285 
15. Income Taxes
As the Company has not generated any taxable income since inception, the cumulative deferred tax assets remain fully offset by a valuation allowance, and no benefit from federal or state income taxes has been included in the condensed consolidated financial statements.
16. Subsequent Events
Side Letter to Pre-Paid Advance Agreement
On October 5, 2022, the Company entered into the PPA Side Letter, pursuant to which the parties agreed that the Company will be permitted to submit sales orders, and consummate sales pursuant to such orders, for the Wainwright ATM Program beginning on October 5, 2022 for so long as the Company pays to Yorkville the sum of $1.0 million per calendar week to be applied in the order of priority set forth in the PPA Side Letter. Failure to make timely payments under the PPA Side Letter will automatically result in the reinstatement of restrictions on the Company’s ability to consummate sales under the Wainwright Sales Agreement and will be deemed an event of default.


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Side Letter to the Wainwright Sales Agreement
On October 5, 2022, the Company entered into a Side Letter to the Wainwright Sales Agreement, pursuant to which, notwithstanding the existence of outstanding balances under the PPA as of October 5, 2022, but only for so long as any portion of such balance is outstanding, the agents agreed to allow the Company to submit orders to sell Common Stock of the Company under the Wainwright Sales Agreement beginning on October 5, 2022. In addition, pursuant to the Side Letter to the Wainwright Sales Agreement, during the period from October 5, 2022 until the beginning of the third business day after the Company files its Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2022: (i) only H.C. Wainwright may be designated as a Designated Manager under the Wainwright Sales Agreement and receive the entire compensation payable thereunder (equal to 3.0% of the gross proceeds of the shares of Common Stock sold), and (ii) for so long as H.C. Wainwright acts as the sole Designated Manager, H.C. Wainwright agreed to waive the additional fee of 1.5% of the gross proceeds from any sales under the Wainwright Sales Agreement.
Sale of shares under the Wainwright ATM Program
For the period October 1, 2022 through the date of this filing, the Company sold an aggregate of 22.1 million shares of Common Stock for net proceeds of $30.5 million under the Wainwright ATM Program, and compensation paid to the agents for the period was $0.9 million.
Purchase and Sale Agreement for Manufacturing Facility
On November 9, 2022, the Company entered into a Purchase and Sale Agreement ("PSA") with Terex USA, LLC for the purchase of approximately 630,000 square foot vehicle manufacturing facility on approximately 121 acres in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. The purchase price for the facility is $35.9 million. The closing of the PSA is expected to occur on or before February 22, 2023 and is subject to customary closing conditions.
Zeeba Electric Vehicle Fleet Purchase Agreement
On October 10, 2022, the Company entered into an Electric Vehicle Fleet Purchase Agreement (the “Zeeba EV Fleet Purchase Agreement”) with Zeeba Automotive Group, Inc, a fleet leasing provider. Pursuant to the Zeeba EV Fleet Purchase Agreement, subject to certain acceptance and performance criteria, Zeeba agreed to purchase at least 3,000 EVs by 2024, with an option to purchase up to an additional 2,450 EVs.
Kingbee Electric Vehicle Fleet Purchase Agreement

On October 11, 2022, the Company entered into an Electric Vehicle Fleet Purchase Agreement (the “Kingbee EV Fleet Purchase Agreement,” together with the Zeeba EV Fleet Purchase Agreement and the Kingbee EV Fleet Purchase Agreement, the “EV Fleet Purchase Agreements”) with Kingbee EV Corp, a work-ready van rental provider. Pursuant to the Kingbee EV Fleet Purchase Agreement, subject to certain acceptance and performance criteria, Kingbee agreed to purchase at least 9,300 EVs over the five-year term, with an option to purchase up to an additional 9,300 EVs.
Battery Manufacturing Facility

On November 1, 2022, the Company entered into a commercial lease of approximately 100,000 square foot manufacturing facility located in the MidAmerica Industrial Park in Pryor, Oklahoma with the Oklahoma Ordnance Works Authority for the assembly of its proprietary battery modules. The lease term is approximately 10 years with lessee's right to terminate after 5 years. The minimum aggregate lease payment over the initial term is expected to be approximately $7.2 million.

The Company has analyzed its operations subsequent to September 30, 2022 through the date these financial statements were issued and has determined that it does not have any additional material subsequent events to disclose.
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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
The following discussion and analysis provides information that our management believes is relevant to an assessment and understanding of our results of operations and financial condition. This discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with our condensed consolidated interim financial statements and the related notes contained elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. The statements in this discussion regarding expected and other production timelines, development of our own manufacturing facilities, industry trends, our expectations regarding our future performance, liquidity and capital resources and other non-historical statements are forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements are subject to numerous risks and uncertainties, including, but not limited to, the risks and uncertainties described in Part I, Item 1A. “Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021 filed with the SEC on March 1, 2022 (the “Annual Report on Form 10-K”), Part II, Item IA. “Risk Factors” in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and “Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements.” Our actual results may differ materially from those contained in or implied by any forward-looking statements.
Certain figures included in this section have been rounded for ease of presentation. Percentage figures included in this section have not in all cases been calculated on the basis of such rounded figures but on the basis of such amounts prior to rounding. For this reason, percentage amounts in this section may vary slightly from those obtained by performing the same calculations using the figures in our financial statements or in the associated text. Certain other amounts that appear in this section may similarly not sum due to rounding.
Overview
Canoo is a mobility technology company with a mission to bring electric vehicles (“EVs”) to everyone and provide connected services that improve the vehicle ownership experience. We are developing a technology platform that we believe will enable us to rapidly innovate and bring new products, addressing multiple use cases, to market faster than our competition and at lower cost. Our vehicle architecture and design philosophy are aimed at driving productivity and returning capital to our customers, and we believe the software and technology capabilities we are developing, packaged around a modular, customizable product, have the potential to fundamentally alter the value proposition across a vehicle’s lifecycle. We remain committed to the environment and to delivering sustainable mobility that is accessible to everyone. We proudly intend to manufacture our fully electric vehicles in Arkansas and Oklahoma, bringing advanced manufacturing and technology jobs to communities in America's heartland. We are committed to building a diverse workforce that will draw heavily upon the local communities of Native Americans and veterans.

We believe we are one of the first automotive manufacturers focused on capturing value across the entirety of the vehicle lifecycle, across multiple owners. Our platform and data architecture is purpose-built to be durable and serve as the foundation for the vehicles we intend to offer, unlocking a highly differentiated, multi-layer business model. The foundational layer is our Multi-Purpose Platform (“MPP” or “platform”) architecture, which serves as the base of our vehicles, including the Lifestyle Vehicle and its Delivery, Base, Premium, and Adventure trims; the Multi-Purpose Delivery Vehicle (“MPDV”) and the Pickup. The next layer is cybersecurity which is embedded in our vehicle to ensure the privacy and protection of vehicle data. Our top hats, or cabins, are modular and purpose-built to provide tailored solutions for our customers. This intentional design enables us to efficiently use resources to produce only what is necessary, underscoring our focus on sustainability and returning capital to customers. The remaining layers, connected accessories and digital customer ecosystem, present high-margin opportunities that extend beyond the initial vehicle sale, across multiple owners. Owners will further be able to customize their vehicles by adding connected accessories such as Bluetooth devices or infotainment systems. In addition, there are opportunities for software sales throughout the vehicle life, including predictive maintenance and service software or advanced driver assistance systems upgrades.

Our platform architecture is a self-contained, fully functional rolling chassis that directly houses the most critical components for operation of an EV, including our in-house designed proprietary electric drivetrain, battery systems, advanced vehicle control electronics and software and other critical components, which all have been optimized for functional integration. Both our true steer-by-wire system, believed to be the first such system applied to a production-intent vehicle, and our flat composite leaf-spring suspension system are core components of our platform’s differentiated functionality, enabling the development of a broad range of vehicle types and use cases due to the chassis’ flat profile and fully variable steering positions. All of our announced vehicles, including the Lifestyle Vehicle and the Lifestyle Delivery Vehicle, the MPDV and the Pickup, will share a common platform architecture paired with different top hats to create a range of uniquely customized and use case optimized purpose-built mobility solutions targeting multiple segments of the rapidly expanding EV marketplace.

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In addition to our vehicle technology, we are developing a software platform that aggregates car data from both Canoo and non-Canoo vehicles and delivers valuable insights to our customers. Collected over-the-air for connected vehicles or via an on-board diagnostics device for non-connected vehicles, we believe car data is critical to powering the customer journey and maximizing utility and value from the vehicle ownership experience. Leveraging our data aggregation platform, we aim to create the Canoo Digital Ecosystem, an application store that centralizes all vehicle information for customers and provides key tools across Security & Safety, Household Management, Fleet Management, Lifecycle Management and Vehicle Asset Management. Through our software offering, we believe we can provide differentiated value to both commercial customers and consumers by staying connected throughout the vehicle lifecycle, across multiple owners.

Core to our ethos is delivering high quality products while empowering local communities, which drove our decision to build in America and source a majority of our parts from America and allied nations. We believe vertical integration across our manufacturing and assembly process will enable us to achieve start of production with less supply chain risk and provide us better oversight of our vehicle manufacturing. We are building production facilities in states and communities that are investing in high-tech manufacturing alongside us, creating American jobs and driving innovation. We intend to have our battery manufacturing and a mega microfactory in Pryor, Oklahoma as well as a facility in Bentonville, Arkansas. We also plan to move our corporate headquarters to Bentonville.

We have made strategic investments in our technology and products that position us to capture three large and growing markets - commercial and passenger vehicles, upfitting and accessories, and car data. With the rise of on-demand delivery and eCommerce, it is increasingly important to bring electrification to commercial vehicles, which Mordor Intelligence estimated represented a market opportunity of over $715 billion as of 2020. We also have chosen to pursue the most profitable segments of the passenger vehicle market, the SUV and Pickup segments, which IHS estimated to have generated over $115 billion in profits in 2020. In addition to this opportunity in commercial and passenger vehicle markets, due to the modularity and customization of all our vehicles, we believe there is a significant opportunity in upfitting and accessories across the vehicle lifecycle, which the Specialty Equipment Market Association estimated were valued at $24 billion in 2020. Lastly, according to research conducted by McKinsey, the value from car data monetization is expected to generate an over $250 billion market by 2030. Altogether, we estimate our highly strategic total market opportunity could grow to be over $1 trillion.
We continue to innovate and develop every aspect of our business, from our non-traditional business model to our built in America, highly utilitarian vehicles optimized to return capital to our customers. We believe being forward-thinking across these areas has set the foundation for us to develop into a scalable business that is differentiated from our peers across the automotive original equipment manufacturer landscape.
Recent Developments

Refer to Note 16 for information regarding subsequent events.
Key Factors Affecting Operating Results
We believe that our performance and future success depend on several factors that present significant opportunities for us but also pose risks and challenges, including those discussed below.
Availability of Financing Sources and Commercialization of Our EVs
We expect to derive future revenue from our first vehicle offerings. In order to reach commercialization, we must purchase and integrate related property and equipment, as well as achieve several research and development milestones.
Our capital and operating expenditures have increased significantly in connection with our ongoing activities and we expect they will continue to increase, as we:
continue to invest in our technology, research and development efforts;
compensate existing personnel;
invest in manufacturing capacity, via our owned facilities;
increase our investment in marketing, advertising, sales and distribution infrastructure for our EVs and services;
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obtain, maintain and improve our operational, financial and management information systems;
hire additional personnel;