Company Quick10K Filing
Quick10K
Genuine Parts
Closing Price ($) Shares Out (MM) Market Cap ($MM)
$109.11 147 $16,010
10-Q 2018-09-30 Quarter: 2018-09-30
10-Q 2018-06-30 Quarter: 2018-06-30
10-Q 2018-03-31 Quarter: 2018-03-31
10-K 2017-12-31 Annual: 2017-12-31
10-Q 2017-09-30 Quarter: 2017-09-30
10-Q 2017-06-30 Quarter: 2017-06-30
10-Q 2017-03-31 Quarter: 2017-03-31
10-K 2016-12-31 Annual: 2016-12-31
10-Q 2016-09-30 Quarter: 2016-09-30
10-Q 2016-06-30 Quarter: 2016-06-30
10-Q 2016-03-31 Quarter: 2016-03-31
10-K 2015-12-31 Annual: 2015-12-31
8-K 2019-02-19 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2019-02-19 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2019-02-01 Officers, Exhibits
8-K 2019-01-22 Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2019-01-08 M&A, Exhibits
8-K 2018-12-13 Exhibits
8-K 2018-11-19 Amend Bylaw, Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-10-18 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-10-05 Enter Agreement, Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-09-27 Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2018-09-19 Enter Agreement, Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-09-10 Leave Agreement, Exhibits
8-K 2018-08-20 Officers, Exhibits
8-K 2018-08-20 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-07-19 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-06-29 Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2018-06-07 Enter Agreement, Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-04-23 Shareholder Vote, Exhibits
8-K 2018-04-19 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-04-12 Enter Agreement
8-K 2018-03-29 Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2018-02-20 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-01-24 Regulation FD, Exhibits
CASY Caseys General Stores
PAG Penske Automotive Group
AN Autonation
MNRO Monro
RUSHA Rush Enterprises
ABG Asbury Automotive Group
GPI Group 1 Automotive
SAH Sonic Automotive
TA TravelCenters of America
LAZY Lazydays Holdings
GPC 2018-09-30
Part I - Financial Information
Item 1. Financial Statements
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Part II - Other Information
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Item 6. Exhibits
EX-31.1 gpc_09302018x311.htm
EX-31.2 gpc_09302018x312.htm
EX-32.1 gpc_09302018x321.htm
EX-32.2 gpc_09302018x322.htm

Genuine Parts Earnings 2018-09-30

GPC 10Q Quarterly Report

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow

10-Q 1 gpc_09302018x10q.htm 10-Q Document


 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
ý
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2018
OR
¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                      to                     
Commission file number: 1-5690
  __________________________________________ 
GENUINE PARTS COMPANY
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
   __________________________________________ 
GEORGIA
 
58-0254510
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
 
 
2999 WILDWOOD PARKWAY,
ATLANTA, GA
 
30339
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
678-934-5000
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ý    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  ý    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
 
ý
  
Accelerated filer
 
¨
 
 
 
 
 
 
Non-accelerated filer
 
o  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
  
Smaller reporting company
 
¨
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Emerging growth company
 
o  
 
 
 
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  ¨ 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  ý
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.
Class
 
Outstanding at September 30, 2018
Common Stock, $1.00 par value per share
 
146,759,273
 

1



PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements
GENUINE PARTS COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(UNAUDITED)
 (in thousands, except share and per share data)
 
September 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Assets
 
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
359,105

 
$
314,899

Trade accounts receivable, less allowance for doubtful accounts (2018 – $23,584; 2017 – $17,612)
 
2,655,888

 
2,421,563

Merchandise inventories, net
 
3,536,503

 
3,771,089

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
 
998,999

 
805,342

Total current assets
 
7,550,495

 
7,312,893

Goodwill
 
2,097,990

 
2,153,988

Other intangible assets, less accumulated amortization
 
1,420,480

 
1,400,392

Deferred tax assets
 
22,898

 
40,158

Property, plant and equipment, less accumulated depreciation (2018 – $1,177,952; 2017 – $1,044,353)
 
937,740

 
936,702

Other assets
 
627,516

 
568,248

Total assets
 
$
12,657,119

 
$
12,412,381

 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities and equity
 
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
 
Trade accounts payable
 
$
4,036,006

 
$
3,634,859

Current portion of debt
 
450,493

 
694,989

Dividends payable
 
105,673

 
99,000

Income taxes payable
 
23,964

 
10,736

Other current liabilities
 
1,045,053

 
1,034,441

Total current liabilities
 
5,661,189

 
5,474,025

Long-term debt
 
2,463,452

 
2,550,020

Pension and other post–retirement benefit liabilities
 
200,558

 
229,868

Deferred tax liabilities
 
188,467

 
193,308

Other long-term liabilities
 
480,374

 
501,004

Equity:
 
 
 
 
Preferred stock, par value – $1 per share; authorized – 10,000,000 shares; none issued
 



Common stock, par value – $1 per share; authorized – 450,000,000 shares; issued and outstanding – 2018 – 146,759,273 shares; 2017 – 146,652,615 shares
 
146,759

 
146,653

Additional paid-in capital
 
77,558

 
68,126

Retained earnings
 
4,349,014

 
4,049,965

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
 
(962,277
)
 
(852,592
)
Total parent equity
 
3,611,054

 
3,412,152

Noncontrolling interests in subsidiaries
 
52,025

 
52,004

Total equity
 
3,663,079

 
3,464,156

Total liabilities and equity
 
$
12,657,119

 
$
12,412,381

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

2



GENUINE PARTS COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(UNAUDITED)
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
(in thousands, except per share data)
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Net sales
 
$
4,722,922

 
$
4,095,906

 
$
14,131,281

 
$
12,101,725

Cost of goods sold
 
3,238,687

 
2,869,016

 
9,689,653

 
8,479,402

Gross profit
 
1,484,235

 
1,226,890

 
4,441,628

 
3,622,323

Operating expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Selling, administrative and other expenses
 
1,119,266

 
931,500

 
3,401,254

 
2,715,799

Depreciation and amortization
 
61,082

 
40,276

 
177,896

 
117,640

Provision for doubtful accounts
 
4,939

 
3,508

 
11,306

 
9,182

Total operating expenses
 
1,185,287

 
975,284

 
3,590,456

 
2,842,621

Non-operating expenses (income):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest expense
 
25,084

 
9,038

 
75,669

 
23,263

Other
 
(17,871
)
 
(3,787
)
 
(45,822
)
 
(30,828
)
Total non-operating expenses (income)
 
7,213

 
5,251

 
29,847

 
(7,565
)
Income before income taxes
 
291,735

 
246,355

 
821,325

 
787,267

Income taxes
 
71,508

 
87,913

 
197,550

 
278,693

Net income
 
$
220,227

 
$
158,442

 
$
623,775

 
$
508,574

Basic net income per common share
 
$
1.50

 
$
1.08

 
$
4.25

 
$
3.45

Diluted net income per common share
 
$
1.49

 
$
1.08

 
$
4.23

 
$
3.44

Dividends declared per common share
 
$
.7200

 
$
.6750

 
$
2.160

 
$
2.025

Weighted average common shares outstanding
 
146,763

 
146,720

 
146,746

 
147,312

Dilutive effect of stock options and non-vested restricted stock awards
 
690

 
502

 
574

 
561

Weighted average common shares outstanding – assuming dilution
 
147,453

 
147,222

 
147,320

 
147,873

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
 
$
220,227

 
$
158,442

 
$
623,775

 
$
508,574

Other comprehensive (loss) income, net of income taxes:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustment
 
(26,591
)
 
38,675

 
(147,703
)
 
118,852

Net gain on cash flow and net investment hedges, net of income taxes in 2018 — $278 and $6,213, respectively
 
752

 

 
16,797

 

Pension and postretirement benefit adjustments, net of income taxes in 2018 — $2,560 and $7,850; 2017 — $3,589 and $10,728, respectively
 
6,912

 
5,780

 
21,221

 
17,235

Other comprehensive (loss) income, net of income taxes
 
(18,927
)
 
44,455

 
(109,685
)
 
136,087

Comprehensive income
 
$
201,300

 
$
202,897

 
$
514,090

 
$
644,661

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

3



GENUINE PARTS COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(UNAUDITED)
 
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
(in thousands)
 
2018
 
2017
Operating activities:
 
 
 
 
Net income
 
$
623,775

 
$
508,574

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
 
177,896

 
117,640

Share-based compensation
 
15,417

 
12,912

Excess tax benefits from share-based compensation
 
(3,079
)
 
(2,504
)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities
 
111,517

 
(94,265
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
 
925,526

 
542,357

Investing activities:
 
 
 
 
Purchases of property, plant and equipment
 
(91,942
)
 
(97,181
)
Acquisitions and other investing activities
 
(153,988
)
 
(289,353
)
Net cash used in investing activities
 
(245,930
)
 
(386,534
)
Financing activities:
 
 
 
 
Proceeds from debt
 
3,406,975

 
3,420,000

Payments on debt
 
(3,710,934
)
 
(3,150,000
)
Share-based awards exercised
 
(5,860
)
 
(3,289
)
Dividends paid
 
(310,310
)
 
(296,517
)
Purchases of stock
 
(1,918
)
 
(171,884
)
Net cash used in financing activities
 
(622,047
)
 
(201,690
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
 
(13,343
)
 
13,070

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
 
44,206

 
(32,797
)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
 
314,899

 
242,879

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
 
$
359,105

 
$
210,082

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

4



NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(in thousands, except share and per share data)
Note A – Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the instructions to Form 10-Q and therefore do not include all information and footnotes required by accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S. for complete financial statements. Except as disclosed herein, there has been no material change in the information disclosed in the notes to the consolidated financial statements included in the Annual Report on Form 10-K of Genuine Parts Company (the “Company,” "we," "our," "us," or "its") for the year ended December 31, 2017. Accordingly, the unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements and related disclosures herein should be read in conjunction with the Company’s 2017 Annual Report on Form 10-K.
The preparation of interim financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the condensed consolidated financial statements. Specifically, the Company makes estimates and assumptions in its interim condensed consolidated financial statements for inventory adjustments, the accrual of bad debts, customer sales returns, and volume incentives earned, among others. Inventory adjustments (including adjustments for a majority of inventories that are valued under the last-in, first-out (“LIFO”) method) are accrued on an interim basis and adjusted in the fourth quarter based on the annual book to physical inventory adjustment and LIFO valuation, which are performed each year-end. Reserves for bad debts and customer sales returns are estimated and accrued on an interim basis based upon historical experience. Volume incentives are estimated based upon cumulative and projected purchasing levels. The estimates and assumptions for interim reporting may change upon final determination at year-end, and such changes may be significant.
In the opinion of management, all adjustments necessary for a fair presentation of the Company’s financial results for the interim periods have been made. These adjustments are of a normal recurring nature. The results of operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 are not necessarily indicative of results for the entire year. The Company has evaluated subsequent events through the date the condensed consolidated financial statements covered by this quarterly report were issued.
Note B – Segment Information
The following table presents a summary of the Company's reportable segment financial information:
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Net sales: (1)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Automotive
$
2,649,716

 
$
2,149,865

 
$
7,950,176

 
$
6,271,233

Industrial (2)
1,577,329

 
1,456,651

 
4,727,938

 
4,359,819

Business products
495,877

 
489,390

 
1,453,167

 
1,470,673

Total net sales
$
4,722,922

 
$
4,095,906

 
$
14,131,281

 
$
12,101,725

Operating profit:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Automotive
226,742

 
178,202

 
655,059

 
537,291

Industrial (2)
119,153

 
108,142

 
356,535

 
323,984

Business products
19,846

 
23,974

 
62,869

 
85,184

Total operating profit
365,741

 
310,318

 
1,074,463

 
946,459

Interest expense, net
(21,881
)
 
(8,202
)
 
(70,713
)
 
(21,254
)
Intangible asset amortization
(23,593
)
 
(11,845
)
 
(66,802
)
 
(34,085
)
Corporate expense (3)
(28,532
)
 
(43,916
)
 
(115,623
)
 
(103,853
)
Income before income taxes
$
291,735

 
$
246,355

 
$
821,325

 
$
787,267

(1)
The net effect of discounts, incentives, and freight billed to customers has been allocated to their respective segments for the current and prior periods. Previously, the net effect of such items were captured and presented separately in a line item entitled “Other.”
(2)
Effective January 1, 2018, the electrical/electronic materials segment became a division of the industrial segment. These two reporting segments became a single reporting segment, the Industrial Parts Group. The change in segment reporting is presented retrospectively.

5



(3)
Includes $3,104 of income and $19,010 of expense for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, respectively, from transaction and other costs related to the Alliance Automotive Group ("AAG") acquisition and the attempted Business Products Group spin-off, net of a $12,000 termination fee received in the third quarter. See the acquisitions and divestitures footnote for additional information.
The three and nine months ended September 30, 2017 include $18,556 in transaction and other costs primarily related to the AAG acquisition.
Net sales is disaggregated by geographical region for each of the Company’s reportable segments, as the Company deems this presentation best depicts how the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of net sales and cash flows are affected by economic factors. The following table presents disaggregated geographical net sales from contracts with customers by reportable segment:
 
Primary Geographical Markets
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
North America
 
Australasia
 
Europe
 
Total
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Reportable segments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Automotive
$
1,918,814

 
$
1,842,688

 
$
298,797

 
$
307,177

 
$
432,105

 
$

 
$
2,649,716

 
$
2,149,865

Industrial
1,577,329

 
1,456,651

 

 

 

 

 
1,577,329

 
1,456,651

Business products
495,877

 
489,390

 

 

 

 

 
495,877

 
489,390

Net sales
$
3,992,020

 
$
3,788,729

 
$
298,797

 
$
307,177

 
$
432,105

 
$

 
$
4,722,922

 
$
4,095,906

 
Primary Geographical Markets
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
North America
 
Australasia
 
Europe
 
Total
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Reportable segments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Automotive
$
5,646,108

 
$
5,405,717

 
$
903,600

 
$
865,516

 
$
1,400,468

 
$

 
$
7,950,176

 
$
6,271,233

Industrial
4,727,938

 
4,359,819

 

 

 

 

 
4,727,938

 
4,359,819

Business products
1,453,167

 
1,470,673

 

 

 

 

 
1,453,167

 
1,470,673

Net sales
$
11,827,213

 
$
11,236,209

 
$
903,600

 
$
865,516

 
$
1,400,468

 
$

 
$
14,131,281

 
$
12,101,725

Note C – Revenue Recognition
The Company applied Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers ("ASU 2014-09"), using the modified retrospective method effective January 1, 2018. The cumulative effect of initially applying ASU 2014-09 and its amendments resulted in a reduction to the opening retained earnings balance of $8,000, prior to the tax adjustment, at January 1, 2018 and a related adjustment to other current liabilities as of that date. Revenue for periods prior to January 1, 2018 have not been adjusted and continue to be reported under Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC"), Revenue Recognition (Topic 605). Upon adoption of ASU 2014-09, the Company also began classifying its estimate of merchandise returns expected in the next twelve months, which was $217,667 as of September 30, 2018, in prepaid expenses and other current assets. This estimate was historically classified in merchandise inventories, net and the amount was $203,589 as of December 31, 2017.
The Company primarily recognizes revenue at the point the customer obtains control of the products or services and at an amount that reflects the consideration expected to be received for those products or services. Contracts with customers may include multiple performance obligations. For such arrangements, the Company allocates revenue to each performance obligation based on its relative standalone selling price and recognizes revenue upon delivery or as services are rendered.
Revenue is recognized net of allowances for returns, variable consideration and any taxes collected from customers that will be remitted to governmental authorities. Revenue recognized over time is not significant. Payment terms with customers vary by the type and location of the customer and the products or services offered. The Company does not adjust the promised amount of consideration for the effects of significant financing components based on the expectation that the period between when the Company transfers a promised good or service to a customer and when the customer pays for that good or service will be one year or less. Arrangements with customers that include payment terms extending beyond one year are not significant.

6



Liabilities for customer incentives, discounts, or rebates are included in other current liabilities in the condensed consolidated balance sheets.
Product Distribution Revenues
The Company generates revenue primarily by distributing products through wholesale and retail channels. For wholesale customers, revenue is recognized when title and control of the goods has passed to the customer. Retail revenue is recognized at the point of sale when the goods are transferred to customers and consideration is received. Shipping and handling activities are performed prior to the customer obtaining control of the products. Costs associated with shipping and handling are considered costs to fulfill a contract and are included in selling, administrative and other expenses in the period they are incurred.
Other Revenues
The Company offers software support, product cataloging, marketing, training and other membership program and support services to certain customers. This revenue is recognized as services are performed. Revenue from these services is recognized over a short duration and the impact to our condensed consolidated financial statements is not significant.
Variable Consideration
The Company’s products are generally sold with a right of return and may include variable consideration in the form of incentives, discounts, credits or rebates. The Company estimates variable consideration based on historical experience to determine the expected amount to which the Company will be entitled in exchange for transferring the promised goods or services to a customer. The Company recognizes estimated variable consideration as an adjustment to the transaction price when control of the related product or service is transferred. The realization of variable consideration occurs within a short period of time from product delivery; therefore, the time value of money effect is not significant.
Note D – Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
The following tables present the changes in accumulated other comprehensive loss by component for the nine months ended September 30:
 
Changes in Accumulated Other
Comprehensive Loss by Component
 
Pension and
Other Post-
Retirement
Benefits
 
Cash Flow and Net Investment Hedges
 
Foreign
Currency
Translation
 
Total
Beginning balance, January 1, 2018
$
(568,957
)
 
$
(17,388
)
 
$
(266,247
)
 
$
(852,592
)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications, net of tax

 
16,151

 
(147,703
)
 
(131,552
)
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss, net of tax
21,221

 
646

 

 
21,867

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of income taxes
21,221

 
16,797

 
(147,703
)
 
(109,685
)
Ending balance, September 30, 2018
$
(547,736
)
 
$
(591
)
 
$
(413,950
)
 
$
(962,277
)
 
Changes in Accumulated Other
Comprehensive Loss by Component
 
Pension and
Other Post-
Retirement
Benefits
 
Cash Flow and Net Investment Hedges
 
Foreign
Currency
Translation
 
Total
Beginning balance, January 1, 2017
$
(609,080
)
 
$

 
$
(403,941
)
 
$
(1,013,021
)
Other comprehensive income before reclassifications, net of tax

 

 
118,852

 
118,852

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss, net of tax
17,235

 

 

 
17,235

Other comprehensive income, net of income taxes
17,235

 

 
118,852

 
136,087

Ending balance, September 30, 2017
$
(591,845
)
 
$

 
$
(285,089
)
 
$
(876,934
)

7



The accumulated other comprehensive loss components related to the pension benefits are included in the computation of net periodic benefit income in the employee benefit plans footnote. The nature of the cash flow and net investment hedges are discussed in the derivatives and hedging footnote.
Note E – Recent Accounting Pronouncements
Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606)
In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued ASU 2014-09, which creates a single, comprehensive revenue recognition model for recognizing revenue from contracts with customers. The Company adopted ASU 2014-09 and its amendments on January 1, 2018. The core principle of the new standard is that a company should recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the company expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. ASU 2014-09 defines a five-step process to achieve this core principle and, in doing so, it is possible more judgment and estimates may be required within the revenue recognition process than were required under previously existing guidance, including identifying performance obligations in the contract, estimating the amount of variable consideration to include in the transaction price and allocating the transaction price to each separate performance obligation, among others. ASU 2014-09 did not result in a significant change in the judgment or timing associated with the recognition of revenue from the sale of the Company’s products or services. See the revenue recognition footnote for additional information.
Leases (Topic 842)
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases ("ASU 2016-02"), which, among other things, requires an entity to recognize a right-of-use asset and a lease liability on the balance sheet for all leases, including operating leases, with a term greater than twelve months. Expanded disclosures with additional qualitative and quantitative information will also be required. ASU 2016-02 and its amendments are effective for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018 and early adoption is permitted.  In July 2018, the FASB issued amendments in ASU 2018-11, which provide a transition election to not restate comparative periods for the effects of applying the new standard. This transition election permits entities to change the date of initial application to the beginning of the year of adoption and to recognize the effects of applying the new standard as a cumulative-effect adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings. The Company expects to elect this transition approach and recognize the cumulative impact of adoption in the opening balance of retained earnings as of January 1, 2019. The Company has established a cross-functional team and it is continuing to evaluate the new standard and prepare for implementation. As disclosed in the leased properties footnote in the 2017 Annual Report on Form 10-K, the future minimum payments under noncancelable operating leases are approximately $1,140,000 as of December 31, 2017. The Company believes the adoption of this standard will have a significant impact on the consolidated balance sheets.
Income Tax Reform
As more fully discussed in the income taxes footnote of the Company’s notes to the consolidated financial statements in its 2017 Annual Report on Form 10-K, the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act ("the Act") was enacted December 22, 2017. As of September 30, 2018, the Company has not completed the accounting for the tax effects of the enactment of the Act due to its complexities and the limited guidance available; however, the Company has made a reasonable estimate of the effect of the Act on the existing deferred tax balances and of the one-time transition tax. There was no impact on the tax rate as a result of a change in estimate for the nine months ended September 30, 2018. In all cases, the Company continues to refine the calculations as additional analysis and modeling are completed. Further, the Company's estimates may also be affected as regulations and additional guidance become available.
In addition, the Act subjects a U.S. shareholder to tax on Global Intangible Low-Taxed Income ("GILTI") earned by certain foreign subsidiaries. Given the complexity of the GILTI provisions, the Company is still evaluating its effects and has not yet made an accounting policy election. The provision is not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements or related disclosures.
Compensation-Retirement Benefits (Topic 715)
In March 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-07, Improving the Presentation of Net Periodic Pension Cost and Net Periodic Postretirement Benefit Cost ("ASU 2017-07"), which requires an entity to report the service cost component of net periodic benefit cost in the same line item as other compensation costs (selling, administrative and other expenses) and the remaining components in non-operating expense in the consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income. The Company adopted ASU 2017-07 retrospectively on January 1, 2018 and it did not have a material impact on the Company's condensed consolidated financial statements or related disclosures. See the employee benefit plans footnote for additional information. The Company elected to use the amounts disclosed in the employee benefit plans footnote for the prior comparative period as the basis for applying the retrospective presentation.

8



Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815)
In August 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-12, Targeted Improvements to Accounting for Hedging Activities ("ASU 2017-12"), which eliminates the requirement to separately measure and report hedge ineffectiveness and requires companies to recognize all elements of hedge accounting that impact earnings in the same line item in the statement of income where the hedged item resides. The amendments also ease the requirements for effectiveness testing, hedge documentation and applying the critical terms match method, among other things. ASU 2017-12 is effective for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018 and early adoption is permitted. The standard must be applied using a modified retrospective transition approach. The Company early adopted ASU 2017-12 as of July 1, 2018 and it did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements or related disclosures.
Note F – Share-Based Compensation
As more fully discussed in the share-based compensation footnote of the Company’s notes to the consolidated financial statements in its 2017 Annual Report on Form 10-K, the Company maintains various long-term incentive plans, which provide for the granting of stock options, stock appreciation rights (“SARs”), restricted stock, restricted stock units (“RSUs”), performance awards, dividend equivalents and other share-based awards. SARs represent a right to receive upon exercise an amount, payable in shares of common stock, equal to the excess, if any, of the fair market value of the Company’s common stock on the date of exercise over the base value of the grant. The terms of such SARs require net settlement in shares of common stock and do not provide for cash settlement. An RSU represents a contingent right to receive one share of the Company’s common stock at a future date. The majority of awards previously granted vest on a pro-rata basis for periods ranging from one to five years and are expensed accordingly on a straight-line basis. The Company issues new shares upon exercise or conversion of awards under these plans. Most awards may be exercised or converted to shares not earlier than twelve months nor later than ten years from the date of grant. At September 30, 2018, total compensation cost related to nonvested awards not yet recognized was approximately $42,645, as compared to $32,812 at December 31, 2017. The weighted average period over which this compensation cost is expected to be recognized is approximately two years. The aggregate intrinsic value for SARs and RSUs outstanding at September 30, 2018 was approximately $122,430. At September 30, 2018, the aggregate intrinsic value for SARs and RSUs vested totaled approximately $50,065, and the weighted average contractual lives for outstanding and exercisable SARs and RSUs were approximately five years. For the nine months ended September 30, 2018, $15,417 of share-based compensation cost was recorded, as compared to $12,912 for the same nine month period in the prior year.
Options to purchase approximately 643,000 and 1,495,000 shares of common stock were outstanding but excluded from the computations of diluted earnings per share for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2018, respectively, as compared to approximately 2,515,000 and 1,867,000 shares for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2017, respectively. These options were excluded from the computations of diluted net income per common share because the options’ exercise prices were greater than the average market price of the common stock. During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, the Company granted approximately 360,000 RSUs.
Note G – Employee Benefit Plans
Net periodic benefit income for the Company's pension plans included the following components for the three months ended September 30:
 
Pension Benefits
 
2018
 
2017
Service cost
$
2,584

 
$
2,240

Interest cost
22,044

 
24,243

Expected return on plan assets
(38,470
)
 
(38,061
)
Amortization of prior service credit
(37
)
 
(88
)
Amortization of actuarial loss
9,920

 
9,549

Net periodic benefit income
$
(3,959
)
 
$
(2,117
)
Net periodic benefit income for the Company's pension plans included the following components for the nine months ended September 30:

9



 
Pension Benefits
 
2018
 
2017
Service cost
$
7,850

 
$
6,530

Interest cost
66,228

 
72,474

Expected return on plan assets
(115,574
)
 
(117,475
)
Amortization of prior service credit
(111
)
 
(263
)
Amortization of actuarial loss
29,814

 
28,500

Net periodic benefit income
$
(11,793
)
 
$
(10,234
)
Service cost is recorded in selling, administrative and other expenses in the condensed consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income while all other components are recorded within other non-operating expenses (income). Pension benefits also include amounts related to a supplemental retirement plan. During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, the Company made a $38,700 contribution to the pension plan.
Note H – Guarantees
The Company guarantees the borrowings of certain independently controlled automotive parts stores (“independents”) and certain other affiliates in which the Company has a noncontrolling equity ownership interest (“affiliates”). Presently, the independents are generally consolidated by unaffiliated enterprises that have controlling financial interests through ownership of a majority voting interest in the independents. The Company has no voting interest or equity conversion rights in any of the independents. The Company does not control the independents or the affiliates, but receives a fee for the guarantees. The Company has concluded that the independents are variable interest entities, but that the Company is not the primary beneficiary. Specifically, the equity holders of the independents have the power to direct the activities that most significantly impact the entities’ economic performance including, but not limited to, decisions about hiring and terminating personnel, local marketing and promotional initiatives, pricing and selling activities, credit decisions, monitoring and maintaining appropriate inventories, and store hours. Separately, the Company concluded the affiliates are not variable interest entities. The Company’s maximum exposure to loss as a result of its involvement with these independents and affiliates is generally equal to the total borrowings subject to the Company’s guarantees. While such borrowings of the independents and affiliates are outstanding, the Company is required to maintain compliance with certain covenants, including a maximum debt to capitalization ratio and certain limitations on additional borrowings. At September 30, 2018, the Company was in compliance with all such covenants.
At September 30, 2018, the total borrowings of the independents and affiliates subject to guarantee by the Company were approximately $724,276. These loans generally mature over periods from one to six years. In the event that the Company is required to make payments in connection with guaranteed obligations of the independents or the affiliates, the Company would obtain and liquidate certain collateral (e.g., accounts receivable and inventory) to recover all or a portion of the amounts paid under the guarantees. When it is deemed probable that the Company will incur a loss in connection with a guarantee, a liability is recorded equal to this estimated loss. To date, the Company has had no significant losses in connection with guarantees of independents’ and affiliates’ borrowings.
As of September 30, 2018, the Company has recognized certain assets and liabilities amounting to $74,000 each for the guarantees related to the independents’ and affiliates’ borrowings. These assets and liabilities are included in other assets and other long-term liabilities in the condensed consolidated balance sheets.
Note I – Fair Value of Financial Instruments
The carrying amounts reflected in the condensed consolidated balance sheets for cash and cash equivalents, trade accounts receivable, trade accounts payable, and borrowings under the line of credit and term loan approximate their respective fair values based on the short-term nature of these instruments. As of September 30, 2018, the carrying amount, net of debt issuance costs, and the fair value of fixed rate debt were approximately $1,477,915 and $1,437,301, respectively. The fair value of fixed rate debt is designated as Level 2 in the fair value hierarchy (i.e., significant observable inputs) and is based primarily on the discounted value of future cash flows using current market interest rates offered for debt of similar credit risk and maturity. The carrying amount, net of debt issuance costs, of fixed rate debt of $1,477,915 is included in long-term debt in the condensed consolidated balance sheet.

10



Note J – Derivatives and Hedging
The Company is exposed to various risks arising from business operations and market conditions, including fluctuations in interest rates and certain foreign currencies. When deemed appropriate, the Company uses derivative and non-derivative instruments as risk management tools to mitigate the potential impact of interest rate and foreign exchange rate risks. The objective of using these tools is to reduce fluctuations in the Company’s earnings and cash flows associated with changes in these rates. Derivative financial instruments are not used for trading or other speculative purposes. The Company has not historically incurred, and does not expect to incur in the future, any losses as a result of counterparty default related to derivative instruments.
The Company formally documents relationships between hedging instruments and hedged items, as well as the risk management objective and strategy for undertaking various hedge transactions. This process includes linking cash flow hedges to specific forecasted transactions or variability of cash flow to be paid. The Company also formally assesses, both at the hedge’s inception and on an ongoing basis, whether the designated derivative and non-derivative instruments that are used in hedging transactions are highly effective in offsetting changes in the cash flows of the hedged items. When a designated instrument is determined not to be highly effective as a hedge or the underlying hedged transaction is no longer probable, hedge accounting is discontinued prospectively.
Cash Flow Hedge
In July 2018, the Company entered into an interest rate swap to mitigate variability in forecasted interest payments on $500,000 of the Company’s U.S. dollar-denominated unsecured variable rate debt. The interest rate swap effectively converts a portion of the floating rate interest payment into a fixed rate interest payment. The Company designated the interest rate swap as a qualifying hedging instrument and is accounting for this derivative as a cash flow hedge. The fair value of the interest rate cash flow hedge was not material as of September 30, 2018. Gains or losses related to the interest rate cash flow hedge were not material during the three or nine months ended September 30, 2018.
Hedges of Net Investments in Foreign Operations
In July 2018, concurrent with the cash flow hedge described above, the Company entered into a cross-currency interest rate swap agreement to effectively convert $500,000 of the U.S. dollar-denominated unsecured variable rate debt to fixed-rate Euro-denominated debt. The risk management objective of this transaction is to manage foreign currency risk relating to a European subsidiary and reduce the variability in the functional currency equivalent cash flows of the unsecured variable rate debt. The Company designated the cross-currency interest rate swap as a qualifying hedging instrument and is accounting for this derivative as a hedge of the foreign currency exchange rate exposure of an equal amount to the Company's Euro-denominated net investment in a European subsidiary. The fair value of the cross currency interest rate hedge was not material as of September 30, 2018. Gains or losses related to the cross-currency swap agreement were not material during the three or nine months ended September 30, 2018.
As of September 30, 2018, the Company also had designated €700,000 of the face value of Euro-denominated debt, a non-derivative financial instrument, as a hedge of the foreign currency exchange rate exposure of an equal amount to the Company's euro-denominated net investment in a European subsidiary. As of September 30, 2018, the Euro-denominated debt has a total carrying amount of $812,280, which is included in long-term debt in the Company’s condensed consolidated balance sheet. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, the Company recorded a gain, net of tax, of approximately $4,088 and $20,133, respectively, in the cash flow and net investment hedges section of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) in the Company’s condensed consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income.
The Company did not reclassify any gains or losses related to net investment hedges from accumulated other comprehensive loss into earnings during the three or nine months ended September 30, 2018. Amounts would only be reclassified into earnings if the European subsidiary were liquidated, or otherwise disposed.
Note K – Legal Matters
As more fully discussed in the legal matter footnote of the Company's notes to the consolidated financial statements in its 2017 Annual Report on Form 10-K, a jury awarded damages against the Company in a litigated automotive product liability dispute. At the time of the filing of these financial statements, based upon the Company’s legal defenses, insurance coverage, and reserves, the Company does not believe this matter will have a material impact to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

11



Note L – Acquisitions and Divestitures
Alliance Automotive Group Acquisition
The Company acquired all of the equity interests in AAG for approximately $1,067,000 in cash on November 2, 2017. The net cash consideration transferred of approximately $1,067,000 is net of the cash acquired of approximately $123,000. Refer to the acquisitions and equity investments footnote of the Company's notes to the consolidated financial statements in its 2017 Annual Report on Form 10-K for further information regarding this acquisition.
The following table summarizes the preliminary, estimated fair values of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the acquisition date as well as adjustments made to the acquisition accounting during the nine months ended September 30, 2018 (referred to as the "measurement period adjustments"). The measurement period adjustments primarily resulted from revisions to the valuation of certain tangible and intangible assets. The adjustments to current period earnings that would have been recognized in previous periods if the acquisition accounting had been completed on the acquisition date were not material. The Company is finalizing the allocation of the purchase price (primarily the determination of certain tax balances) and it is therefore preliminary and subject to revision.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
November 2, 2017
 
Measurement Period Adjustments
 
As Adjusted
Trade accounts receivable
$
380,000

 
$
6,000

 
$
386,000

Merchandise inventories
374,000

 
4,000

 
378,000

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
213,000

 
13,000

 
226,000

Intangible assets
727,000

 
86,000

 
813,000

Deferred tax assets
4,000

 
2,000

 
6,000

Property and equipment
93,000

 
(1,000
)
 
92,000

Other assets
25,000

 
(11,000
)
 
14,000

Total identifiable assets acquired
1,816,000

 
99,000

 
1,915,000

Current liabilities
(768,000
)
 
(52,000
)
 
(820,000
)
Long-term debt
(769,000
)
 

 
(769,000
)
Pension and other post-retirement benefit liabilities
(14,000
)
 

 
(14,000
)
Deferred tax liabilities
(151,000
)
 
(25,000
)
 
(176,000
)
Other long-term liabilities
(32,000
)
 
(2,000
)
 
(34,000
)
Total liabilities assumed
(1,734,000
)
 
(79,000
)
 
(1,813,000
)
Net identifiable assets acquired
82,000

 
20,000

 
102,000

Noncontrolling interests in subsidiaries
(38,000
)
 

 
(38,000
)
Goodwill
1,036,000

 
(33,000
)
 
1,003,000

Net assets acquired
$
1,080,000

 
$
(13,000
)
 
$
1,067,000


12



The estimated intangible assets attributable to the AAG acquisition are comprised of customer relationships, trademarks and non-compete agreements. The estimated fair value of the customer relationships acquired is $630,133 and has a weighted average useful life of 20 years. The estimated fair value of the trademarks acquired is $181,702 and has a weighted average useful life of 27 years. The estimated fair value of the non-compete agreements acquired is $1,165 and has a weighted average useful life of 2 years.
Divestitures
On April 12, 2018, the Company entered into a definitive agreement with Essendant, Inc. ("Essendant") for Essendant to combine with the Company's Business Products Group in a business combination transaction. The transaction was to be structured as a Reverse Morris Trust, in which the Company would separate the Business Products Group into a standalone company and spin off that standalone company to the Company's shareholders, immediately followed by the merger of a subsidiary of Essendant and the spun-off company.
On September 14, 2018, the definitive agreement with Essendant was terminated by Essendant, so that Essendant could enter into a merger agreement with another party. Concurrently with the termination, the Company received a termination fee of $12,000. The termination fee is classified as an offset to the transaction and other costs incurred related to the merger agreement within selling, administrative and other expenses in the condensed consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income.
Note M – Reclassifications
Certain prior period amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current year presentations. Within the condensed consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income, the Company adopted ASU 2017-07 and adjusted the prior period to include the components of net periodic benefit income other than the service cost component within other non-operating expenses (income). See the employee benefit plans footnote for additional information.
As more fully discussed in the segment information footnote, the Company adjusted prior period net sales to allocate discounts, incentives, and freight billed to customers to their respective segments and also combined the industrial and electrical/electronic materials segments.
Refer to the revenue recognition footnote for more information about the Company's change in classification for its estimate of certain merchandise returns in connection with adopting ASU 2014-09.
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes contained herein and with the audited consolidated financial statements, accompanying notes, related information and Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017.
Forward-Looking Statements
Some statements in this report, as well as in other materials we file with the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") or otherwise release to the public and in materials that we make available on our website, constitute forward-looking statements that are subject to the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Senior officers may also make verbal statements to analysts, investors, the media and others that are forward-looking. Forward-looking statements may relate, for example, to the impact of Essendant's election to terminate the proposed business combination transaction between the Company and Essendant in which the Company would have spun off its Business Products Group and combined it with Essendant or the acquisition of AAG and the anticipated strategic benefits, synergies and other attributes resulting from this and other acquisitions, as well as future operations, prospects, strategies, financial condition, economic performance (including growth and earnings), industry conditions and demand for our products and services.
The Company cautions that its forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties, and while we believe that our expectations for the future are reasonable in view of currently available information, you are cautioned not to place undue reliance on our forward-looking statements. Actual results or events may differ materially from those indicated as a result of various important factors. Such factors may include, among other things, the Company’s ability to successfully integrate AAG into the Company, including the challenges associated with the integration of processes to ensure the adequacy of our internal controls in regard to the AAG business and to realize the anticipated synergies and benefits; changes in the European aftermarket; the Company’s ability to successfully implement its business initiatives in each of its three business segments; slowing demand for the Company’s products; changes in national and international legislation or government regulations or policies, including new import tariffs and data security policies and requirements; changes in general economic conditions, including unemployment, inflation (including the impact of potential tariffs) or deflation; changes in tax policies; volatile exchange rates; significant cost increases, such as rising fuel and freight expenses; labor shortages; uncertain credit markets and other macroeconomic conditions;

13



competitive product, service and pricing pressures; the ability to maintain favorable vendor arrangements and relationships; disruptions in our vendors’ operations, including the impact of tariffs and trade considerations on their operations and output, as required to meet product demand; the Company’s ability to successfully integrate its other acquired businesses; the uncertainties and costs of litigation; disruptions caused by a failure or breach of the Company’s information systems, as well as other risks and uncertainties discussed in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for 2017 and from time to time in the Company’s subsequent filings with the SEC.
Forward-looking statements are only as of the date they are made, and the Company undertakes no duty to update its forward-looking statements except as required by law. You are advised, however, to review any further disclosures we make on related subjects in our subsequent Forms 10-K, 10-Q, 8-K and other reports to the SEC.
Overview
Genuine Parts Company is a service organization engaged in the distribution of automotive replacement parts, industrial parts, and business products. We have a long tradition of growth dating back to 1928, the year we were founded in Atlanta, Georgia. During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, business was conducted throughout the U.S., Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Mexico, the U.K., France, Germany, Poland, and Puerto Rico from approximately 3,100 locations.
For the periods presented, the Company is reporting its operations under three business segments: Automotive, Industrial and Business Products. Effective in 2018, EIS, Inc., formerly our Electrical and Electronic business segment, was combined with Motion Industries and is now identified as the Electrical Specialties Group of Motion Industries. As a result, the Industrial segment is comprised of Motion Industries and EIS, Inc. The combination of these two segments will provide strong economies of scale and greater operating efficiencies, which we intend to leverage. The opportunity to build synergies by sharing talent, physical resources, greater size and scale, and value-added expertise in each respective market channel is highly compelling. We anticipate this combination will create value for both our customers and all our stakeholders.
Sales for the three months ended September 30, 2018 were $4.7 billion, a 15.3% increase as compared to $4.1 billion in the same period of the prior year. For the three months ended September 30, 2018, the Company recorded consolidated net income of $220.2 million, an increase of 39.0% as compared to consolidated net income of $158.4 million in the same three month period of the prior year. On a per share diluted basis, net income was $1.49, an increase of 38.0% as compared to $1.08 for the same three month period of 2017. For the nine months ended September 30, 2018, sales were $14.1 billion, a 16.8% increase as compared to $12.1 billion in the same period of the prior year. For the nine months ended September 30, 2018, the Company recorded consolidated net income of $623.8 million compared to consolidated net income of $508.6 million in the same nine month period of the prior year, an increase of 22.7%. On a per share diluted basis, net income was $4.23, an increase of 23.0% as compared to $3.44 in the same nine month period of 2017.
On April 12, 2018, the Company entered into a definitive agreement with Essendant to combine with the Company's Business Products Group in a business combination transaction. The transaction was to be structured as a Reverse Morris Trust, in which the Company would separate the Business Products Group into a standalone company and spin off that standalone company to the Company's shareholders, immediately followed by the merger of a subsidiary of Essendant and the spun-off company. On September 14, 2018, the definitive agreement with Essendant was terminated by Essendant so that Essendant could enter into a merger agreement with another party. Concurrent with the termination, the Company received a termination fee of $12.0 million.
In the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2018, the Company also earned $3.1 million of income and incurred $19.0 million of expenses from transaction and other costs related to the European acquisition of AAG and the attempted spin-off transaction with Essendant, net of the termination fee received in the third quarter.. The three and nine months ended September 30, 2017 include $18.6 million in transaction and other costs primarily related to the AAG acquisition.
Before the impact of the transaction and other costs and the termination fee, the Company's adjusted net income was $217.6 million, an increase of 28.0% or $1.48 on an adjusted per share diluted basis, an increase of 28.7% for the three month period ended September 30, 2018. Adjusted net income was $637.6 million, an increase of 22.6%, or $4.33 on an adjusted per share diluted basis, an increase of 23.0%, for the nine month period ended September 30, 2018.
The Company remains committed to its key growth initiatives, which include: driving greater share of spend with existing customers; employing an aggressive but disciplined acquisition strategy focused on both geographical in-fill and product line adjacencies; expanding the Company's digital capabilities; and the further expansion of our U.S. and international store footprint.
We continue to execute on these sales initiatives, and also focus on our plans and initiatives to enhance our gross margins, reduce costs and build a highly productive and cost-effective structure. We expect our focus in these key areas to improve the Company's operating performance over the long-term.

14



Sales
Sales for the three months ended September 30, 2018 were $4.7 billion, a 15.3% increase as compared to $4.1 billion in the same period of the prior year. Approximately 4.3% of the revenue increase for the three months ended September 30, 2018 came from organic sales, while 12.1% came from acquisitions. These items were slightly offset by a 1.1% negative currency impact. For the nine months ended September 30, 2018 sales were $14.1 billion, a 16.8% increase as compared to $12.1 billion in the same period of the prior year. This reflects an approximate 3.2% increase in organic sales, a 13.5% contribution from acquisitions and a currency impact that was flat as compared to the same nine month period in 2017.
Sales for the Automotive Parts Group increased 23.3% in the third quarter of 2018, as compared to the same period in the prior year. This group’s revenue increase for the three months ended September 30, 2018 consisted of an approximate 3.3% increase in organic sales and a 21.8% benefit from acquisitions. These items were partially offset by an unfavorable foreign currency impact of approximately 1.8%. This group's 26.8% sales increase for the nine month period ended September 30, 2018 reflects a 2.1% increase from organic sales growth and a 24.7% contribution from acquisitions. The impact from currency was flat from our businesses throughout Europe, Australasia, Canada, and Mexico. We anticipate the Company’s initiatives to drive both organic and acquisitive growth will positively benefit the Automotive Parts Group in the quarters ahead.
Sales for the Industrial Parts Group increased 8.3% for the three month period ended September 30, 2018, as compared to the same period in 2017. The increase in this group’s revenues reflects an approximate 6.9% increase in organic sales, a 1.7% accretive impact of acquisitions and a slightly unfavorable foreign currency impact. This group's 8.4% sales increase for the nine month period ended September 30, 2018 reflects a 6.2% increase in organic sales, a 2.1% increase from acquisitions, and a slightly favorable foreign currency impact. The Industrial Parts Group has initiatives in place to drive continued market share expansion through both organic and acquisitive sales growth in the quarters ahead. These ongoing initiatives combined with favorable economic and industry specific factors bode well for Industrial's long-term growth prospects.
Sales for the Business Products Group increased 1.3% for the three months ended September 30, 2018, compared to the same three month period in 2017, primarily due to an increase in organic sales. For the nine months ended September 30, 2018, this group's revenues decreased 1.2% due primarily to a decrease in organic sales over that time period. We will remain focused on our core growth initiatives for this business, including the further enhancement of our Facilities, Breakroom and Safety Products offering.
For the nine month period ended September 30, 2018, industry pricing was up 0.4% in the Automotive segment, up 3.2% in the Industrial segment and up 1.5% in the Business Products segment.
Cost of Goods Sold/Expenses
Cost of goods sold for the three months ended September 30, 2018 was $3.2 billion, a 12.9% increase from $2.9 billion for the same period in 2017. As a percentage of net sales, cost of goods sold was 68.6% for the three month period ended September 30, 2018, as compared to 70.0% in the same three month period of 2017. Cost of goods sold for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 was $9.7 billion, a 14.3% increase from $8.5 billion for the same period in the prior year. As a percent of net sales, cost of goods sold was 68.6% as compared to 70.1% in the same nine month period of 2017. The increase in cost of goods sold for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2018 primarily relates to the sales increases for these periods as compared to the same three and nine month periods of the prior year. The increases for these periods were partially offset by the favorable impact of the lower cost of goods sold model at AAG as well as at certain other acquisitions. In addition, cost of goods sold has been favorably impacted by the improvement in the automotive and industrial businesses. The Company’s cost of goods sold includes the total cost of merchandise sold, including freight expenses associated with moving merchandise from our vendors to our distribution centers, retail stores and branches, as well as vendor volume incentives and inventory adjustments. Gross profit as a percentage of net sales may fluctuate based on (i) changes in merchandise costs and related vendor volume incentives or pricing, (ii) variations in product and customer mix, (iii) price changes in response to competitive pressures, (iv) physical inventory and LIFO adjustments, (v) changes in foreign currency exchange rates, and (vi) the impact of tariffs .
Total operating expenses increased to $1.2 billion for the three month period ended September 30, 2018 as compared to $1.0 billion for the same three month period in 2017. As a percentage of net sales, operating expenses increased to 25.1% as compared to 23.8% in the same three month period of the previous year. For the nine months ended September 30, 2018, these expenses totaled $3.6 billion, or 25.4% as a percentage of net sales, compared to $2.8 billion, or 23.5% as a percentage of net sales for the same nine month period in the prior year. The increase in operating expenses as a percentage of net sales for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2018 reflects the Company’s deleveraging of expenses on lower comparable sales in the U.S. Automotive and Business Products segments, as well as higher costs in areas such as payroll, IT, digital, security, fuel and freight related costs, and acquisition related costs. Likewise, the increase includes the impact of the higher operating expense model at AAG as well as at certain other acquisitions. Finally, the three and nine month operating expenses include $3.1 million of income and $19.0 million of expenses, respectively, from certain transaction and other costs related to the AAG acquisition and the

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attempted Business Products Group spin-off, net of a $12.0 million termination fee received in the third quarter. The three and nine months ended September 30, 2017 include $18.6 million in transaction and other costs primarily related to the AAG acquisition.
The Company’s operating expenses are substantially comprised of compensation and benefit related costs for personnel. Other major expense categories include facility occupancy costs for headquarters, distribution centers and retail store/branch operations, insurance costs, accounting, legal and professional services, technology and digital costs, transportation and delivery costs, travel and advertising. Management’s ongoing cost control measures in these areas have served to improve the Company’s overall cost structure. The Company's recent acquisitions have lower costs of goods sold and higher levels of operating costs as compared to the Company's other businesses, however, the operating profit margins remain consistent.The Company continues to focus on effectively managing the costs in our businesses with ongoing investments in technology, productivity and supply chain initiatives primarily associated with freight, digital, pricing, data analytics and logistics related functions.
Operating Profit
Operating profit increased to $365.7 million for the three months ended September 30, 2018, compared to $310.3 million for the same three month period of the prior year, an increase of 17.9%. As a percentage of net sales, operating profit was 7.7% as compared to 7.6% in the same three month period of 2017. The increase in operating profit as a percent of sales for the three months ended September 30, 2018 is primarily due to improved comparable sales and greater expense leverage. For the nine months ended September 30, 2018, operating profit increased to $1.1 billion compared to $946.5 million for the same nine month period of the prior year, and as a percentage of net sales, operating profit was 7.6% as compared to 7.8% in the same nine month period of 2017. The decrease in operating profit as a percentage of net sales for the nine month periods ended September 30, 2018 is primarily due to the deleveraging of fixed costs associated with lower comparable sales growth in the first half of 2018 in the U.S. Automotive and Business Products segments, higher expenses in areas such as IT, digital, security, freight and delivery and acquisition related costs, as well as lower volume incentives in the Business Products Group. The increase in expenses were partially offset by our ongoing cost control initiatives.
The Automotive Parts Group’s operating profit increased 27.2% in the three month period ended September 30, 2018 as compared to the same period of 2017, and its operating profit margin was 8.6% as compared to 8.3% in the same period of the previous year. The increase in operating profit as a percent of sales for the three months ended September 30, 2018 is primarily due to improved comparable sales in the Company's U.S. automotive operations, greater expense leverage and higher operating margin associated with the Company's European automotive operations. For the nine months ended September 30, 2018, the Automotive Parts Group's operating profit increased approximately 21.9% and the operating profit margin was 8.2% as compared to 8.6% in the same nine month period of 2017. The decrease in operating profit margin for the nine month period ended September 30, 2018 is primarily due to the slow organic sales environment in our U.S. Automotive businesses during the first half of 2018 and its impact on expense leverage as well as higher costs in areas such as payroll, IT, digital, security, freight and delivery and acquisition related costs.
The Industrial Parts Group’s operating profit increased 10.2% in the three month period ended September 30, 2018 as compared to the same three month period of 2017, and the operating profit margin for this group was 7.6% compared to 7.4% for the same period of the previous year. Operating profit for the Industrial Parts Group increased by 10.0% for the nine month period ended September 30, 2018, compared to the same period in 2017, and the operating profit margin was 7.5% compared to 7.4% for the same nine month period in 2017. The increase in operating profit margin for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2018 is primarily due to the Industrial Parts Group's 6.9% and 6.2%, respectively, increase in organic sales volume and its positive impact on expense leverage, as well as improved core gross margin.
The Business Products Group’s operating profit decreased 17.2% for the three months ended September 30, 2018, compared to the same three month period in 2017, and the operating profit margin for this group was 4.0% compared to 4.9% for the same three month period of 2017. For the nine months ended September 30, 2018, the Business Products Group's operating profit decreased 26.2% compared to the same period in 2017, and the operating profit margin was 4.3% compared to 5.8% for the same period in 2017. The decrease in operating profit margin for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2018 is primarily due to the negative impact on expense leverage, challenging industry conditions and unfavorable product mix.
Income Taxes
The effective income tax rate was 24.5% for the three months ended September 30, 2018, compared to 35.7% for the same three month period in 2017. The effective income tax rate was 24.1% for the nine month period ended September 30, 2018, compared to 35.4% for the same period in 2017. The rate decrease in the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2018 reflects the positive impact of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act enacted in December 2017 as well as a favorable mix of U.S. and foreign earnings, including AAG acquired in November 2017, as compared to the same three and nine month periods in 2017.

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Net Income
For the three months ended September 30, 2018, the Company recorded consolidated net income of $220.2 million, an increase of 39.0% as compared to consolidated net income of $158.4 million in the same three month period of the prior year. On a per share diluted basis, net income was $1.49, an increase of 38.0% as compared to $1.08 for the same three month period of 2017. For the nine months ended September 30, 2018, the Company recorded consolidated net income of $623.8 million, an increase of 22.7% as compared to consolidated net income of $508.6 million in the same nine month period of the prior year. On a per share diluted basis, net income was $4.23, an increase of 23.0% as compared to $3.44 in the same nine month period of 2017.
The Company incurred certain transaction and other costs in the third quarter ended September 30, 2018 related to the AAG acquisition and the attempted Business Products Group spin-off, net of a termination fee received. The three months ended September 30, 2017 include transaction and other costs primarily related to the AAG acquisition. Before the impact of these items, the Company's adjusted net income in the three month period ended September 30, 2018 was $217.6 million, an increase of 28.0%, or $1.48 on an adjusted per share diluted basis, an increase of 28.7%. Adjusted net income was $637.6 million, an increase of 22.6%, or $4.33 on an adjusted per share diluted basis, an increase of 23.0% in the nine month period ended September 30, 2018.
The following table sets forth a reconciliation of net income and diluted net income per common share to adjusted net income and adjusted diluted net income per common share to account for the impact of these adjustments. The Company believes that the presentation of adjusted net income and adjusted net income per common share, which are not calculated in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the U.S. (“GAAP”), provide meaningful supplemental information to both management and investors that is indicative of the Company's core operations. The Company does not, nor does it suggest investors should consider such non-GAAP financial measures in isolation from, or as a substitute for, GAAP financial information.
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
(in thousands, except per share data)
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
GAAP net income
 
$
220,227

 
$
158,442

 
$
623,775

 
$
508,574

Diluted net income per common share
 
$
1.49

 
$
1.08

 
$
4.23

 
$
3.44

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Add after-tax adjustments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Transaction and other costs
 
6,453

 
11,584

 
22,918

 
11,585

Termination fee
 
(9,045
)
 

 
(9,045
)
 

Adjusted net income
 
$
217,635

 
$
170,026

 
$
637,648

 
$
520,159

Adjusted diluted net income per common share
 
$
1.48

 
$
1.15

 
$
4.33

 
$
3.52

Financial Condition
The Company’s cash balance of $359.1 million at September 30, 2018 increased $44.2 million or 14.0% from December 31, 2017. For the nine months ended September 30, 2018, the Company used $154.0 million for acquisitions and other investing activities, $310.3 million for dividends paid to the Company’s shareholders, and $91.9 million for investments in the Company via capital expenditures. These items were partially offset by the Company’s earnings and net cash provided by operating activities.
Accounts receivable increased $234.3 million or 9.7% from December 31, 2017, which is due to the Company’s acquisitions and higher sales volume in the three month period ended September 30, 2018 as compared to the fourth quarter of 2017. Inventory decreased $234.6 million or 6.2% from December 31, 2017 due primarily to a change in classification of certain estimated merchandise returns in connection with adopting ASU 2014-09. Accounts payable increased $401.1 million or 11.0% from December 31, 2017, primarily due to more favorable payment terms negotiated with the Company's vendors as well as more normalized levels of purchasing volumes. The Company’s debt is discussed below.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
Total debt of $2.9 billion at September 30, 2018 decreased $331.1 million, or 10.2%, from December 31, 2017. At September 30, 2018, the Company's total average cost of debt was 3.00% and the Company remained in compliance with all covenants connected with the above borrowings.
The ratio of current assets to current liabilities was 1.3 to 1 at September 30, 2018, unchanged from the level at December 31, 2017. The Company currently believes existing lines of credit and cash generated from operations will be sufficient to fund anticipated operations, including discretionary share repurchases, if any, for the foreseeable future.

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Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk
Although the Company does not face material risks related to interest rates and commodity prices, the Company is exposed to changes in foreign currency rates with respect to foreign currency denominated operating revenues and expenses. The Company has translation gains or losses that result from translation of the results of operations of an operating unit’s foreign functional currency into U.S. dollars for consolidated financial statement purposes. The Company’s principal foreign currency exchange exposures are the Euro, British pound, Australian dollar, Canadian dollar and Mexican peso, which are the functional currencies of our operations in Europe, the U.K., Australia, Canada and Mexico, respectively. As previously noted under “Sales,” foreign currency exchange exposure negatively impacted sales for the three month period ended September 30, 2018, particularly in regard to the Australian dollar and Canadian dollar. Foreign currency exchange exposure did not have a significant effect on sales for the nine month period ended September 30, 2018. There have been no other material changes in market risk from the information provided in the Company’s 2017 Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
As of the end of the period covered by this report, an evaluation was performed under the supervision and with the participation of the Company’s management, including the Chief Executive Officer ("CEO") and Chief Financial Officer ("CFO"), of the effectiveness of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures. Based on that evaluation, the Company’s CEO and CFO concluded that the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of the end of the period covered by this report to provide reasonable assurance that information required to be disclosed by the Company in the reports that it files or furnishes under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms and that such information is accumulated and communicated to the Company’s management, including the CEO and CFO, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
The Company acquired AAG on November 2, 2017 (see the acquisitions and divestitures footnote to the condensed consolidated financial statements included in Item 1 of Part I ). We are continuing to integrate certain policies, processes, people, technology and operations of AAG, and we will continue to evaluate the impact of any related changes to our internal control over financial reporting. During our fiscal quarter ended September 30, 2018, no change occurred in our internal control over financial reporting that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
PART II – OTHER INFORMATION

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Item 1A. Risk Factors
In addition to the other information set forth in this report, you should carefully consider the factors discussed in Part I, “Item 1A. Risk Factors” in our 2017 Annual Report on Form 10-K, which could materially affect our business, financial condition or future results. The risks described in our 2017 Annual Report on Form 10-K are not the only risks facing our Company. Additional risks and uncertainties not currently known to us or that we currently deem to be immaterial also may materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and/or operating results.

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Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Purchases of Equity Securities by the Issuer and Affiliated Purchasers
The following table provides information about the Company’s purchases of shares of the Company’s common stock during the three months ended September 30, 2018:
ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES
Period
 
Total Number of Shares Purchased (1)
 
Average Price Paid Per Share
 
Total Number of Shares Purchased as Part of Publicly Announced Plans or Programs (2)
 
Maximum Number of Shares That May Yet Be Purchased Under the Plans or Programs
July 1, 2018 through July 31, 2018
 
31,016
 
$98.17
 
553
 
17,370,650
August 1, 2018 through August 31, 2018
 
47,231
 
$98.67
 
 
17,370,650
September 1, 2018 through September 30, 2018
 
75,298
 
$100.93
 
18,735
 
17,351,915
Totals
 
153,545
 
$99.68
 
19,288
 
17,351,915
(1)
Includes shares surrendered by employees to the Company to satisfy tax withholding obligations in connection with the vesting of shares of restricted stock, the exercise of stock options and/or tax withholding obligations.
(2)
On November 17, 2008, and August 21, 2017, the Board of Directors announced that it had authorized the repurchase of 15.0 million shares and 15.0 million shares, respectively. The authorization for these repurchase plans continues until all such shares have been repurchased or the repurchase plan is terminated by action of the Board of Directors. Approximately 2.4 million shares authorized in the 2008 plan and 15.0 million shares authorized in 2017 remain available to be repurchased by the Company. There were no other plans announced as of September 30, 2018.

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Item 6. Exhibits
(a) The following exhibits are filed or furnished as part of this report:
 
Exhibit 3.1
 
 
 
Exhibit 3.2
 
 
 
 
Exhibit 31.1
 
 
 
Exhibit 31.2
 
 
 
Exhibit 32.1
 
 
 
Exhibit 32.2
 
 
 
Exhibit 101
 
Interactive data files pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T:
 
 
(i) the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017; (ii) the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income and Comprehensive Income for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017; (iii) the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017; and (iv) the Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

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SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 
 
 
Genuine Parts Company
(Registrant)
 
 
 
Date: October 22, 2018
 
/s/ Carol B. Yancey
 
 
Carol B. Yancey
 
 
Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer
(Duly Authorized Officer and Principal Financial and
Accounting Officer)


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