|TEV||0||TEV/EBIT||0||TTM 2019-03-31, in MM, except price, ratios|
|Part I - Financial Information|
|Item 1. Financial Statements|
|Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations|
|Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk|
|Item 4. Controls and Procedures|
|Part II - Other Information|
|Item 1A. Risk Factors|
|Item 6. Exhibits|
|Balance Sheet||Income Statement||Cash Flow|
Rev, G Profit, Net Income
Ops, Inv, Fin
UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND
Washington, D.C. 20549
[X] QUARTERLY REPORT UNDER SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
[ ] TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT 1934
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2011
Commission File No. 0-22179
GUIDED THERAPEUTICS, INC.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
5835 Peachtree Corners East, Suite D
Norcross, Georgia 30092
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days: Yes [X] No [ ]
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes [X] No [ ]
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-12 of the Exchange Act (Check one):
Large Accelerated filer _____ Accelerated filer ____ Non-accelerated filer_____ Smaller Reporting Company X
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. Yes [ ] No [X]
As of July 29, 2011, the registrant had outstanding 48,596,185 shares of Common Stock.
GUIDED THERAPEUTICS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
|Part I. Financial Information||F-1|
|Item 1. Financial Statements||F-1|
|Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets -|
|June 30, 2011 (Unaudited) and December 31, 2010||F-1|
|Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations (Unaudited)|
|Six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010 and three months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010||F-2|
|Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited)|
|Six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010||F-3|
|Notes to Condensed Financial Statements (Unaudited)||6|
|Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations||11|
|Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk||14|
|Item 4. Controls and Procedures||15|
|Part II. Other Information||16|
|Item 1. Legal Proceedings|
|Item 1A. Risk Factors||16|
|Item 5. Material Disclosure|
|Item 6. Exhibits||16|
PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
|GUIDED THERAPEUTICS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY|
|CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS|
|(Unaudited In Thousands Except Per Share Data) |
|ASSETS||June 30, 2011||December 31, 2010|
|Cash and cash equivalents||$||2,343||$||3,268|
|Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $38 at |
June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010
|Other current assets||22||30|
|Total current assets||2,514||3,383|
|Property and equipment, net||64||37|
|Capitalized cost of internally developed software for internal use||409||299|
|Total noncurrent assets||804||536|
|LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY|
|Notes payable – past due||340||614|
|Total current liabilities||2,891||2,771|
|Long-term debt payable, less current portion||17||31|
|COMMITMENTS & CONTINGENCIES (Note 4)|
|Series A convertible preferred stock, $.001 par value; 5,000 shares authorized, no |
shares outstanding as of June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010
|Common stock, $.001 Par value; 100,000 shares authorized, 48,491 and 47,299 |
shares issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010,
|Additional paid-in capital||80,029||79,515|
|Treasury stock, at cost||(104||)||(104||)|
|TOTAL GUIDED THERAPEUTICS STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY||306||1,013|
|TOTAL STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY||410||1,117|
|TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY||$||3,318||$||3,919|
|The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements|
|GUIDED THERAPEUTICS INC. AND SUBSIDIARY|
|CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS|
|(Unaudited, In Thousands Except Per Share Data)|
|FOR THE THREE MONTHS||FOR THE SIX MONTHS|
|ENDED JUNE 30,||ENDED JUNE 30,|
|COSTS AND EXPENSES:|
|Research and development||619||490||1,315||897|
|Sales and marketing||71||44||120||78|
|General and administrative||708||802||1,470||1,279|
|LOSS FROM OPERATIONS||(496||)||(559||)||(1,222||)||(1,931||)|
|PROVISION FOR INCOME TAXES||-||-||-||-|
|PREFERRED STOCK DIVIDENDS||-||-||-||(1,700||)|
|NET LOSS ATTRIBUTABLE TO COMMON |
|BASIC AND DILUTED NET LOSS PER SHARE ATTRIBUTABLE TO COMMON STOCKHOLDERS||$||(0.01||)||$||(0.02||)||$||(0.03||)||$||(0.13||)|
|WEIGHTED AVERAGE SHARES OUTSTANDING||48,464||32,520||48,159||26,969|
|The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated statements|
|GUIDED THERAPEUTICS INC. AND SUBSIDIARY|
|CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS|
|(Unaudited, in thousands)|
|FOR THE SIX MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30,|
|CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:|
|Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:|
|Depreciation and amortization||8||2|
|Amortization and accretion of deferred financing costs, notes and warrants||—||1,095|
|Stock based compensation||251||470|
|Gain on debt renegotiated||(23||)||—|
|Changes in operating assets and liabilities:|
|Other current assets||8||—|
|Net cash (used in) provided by operations||(913||)||147|
|CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:|
|Additions to capitalized software||(110||)||(11||)|
|Additions to fixed assets||(35||)||(86||)|
|Net cash (used in) investing activities||(145||)||(97||)|
|CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:|
| Proceeds from issuance of convertible notes payable to former |
debt holders - related parties
|Proceeds from exercise of options and warrants||195||—|
|Payments on notes and loans payable||(62||)||(8||)|
|Net cash provided by financing activities||133||93|
|NET CHANGE IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS||(925||)||143|
|CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, beginning of period||3,268||230|
|CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, end of period||$||2,343||$||373|
|SUPPLEMENTAL SCHEDULE OF:|
|Cash paid for Interest||$||1||$||8|
|NONCASH INVESTING AND FINANCING ACTIVITIES:|
|Conversion of preferred stock into common stock||$||—||$||1,962|
|Dividends payable in the form of preferred stock converted into common stock||$||—||$||1,824|
|Conversion of notes payable into common stock||$||27||$||9,346|
|Deemed dividends in the form of preferred stock and redeemable convertible |
|Conversion of interest to principal||$||23||$||—|
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated statements
GUIDED THERAPEUTICS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
1. BASIS OF PRESENTATION
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements included herein have been prepared in accordance with U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (“GAAP”) for interim financial reporting and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X by Guided Therapeutics, Inc. (formerly SpectRx, Inc.), together with its majority owned subsidiary Interscan, Inc., (“Interscan”) (formerly Guided Therapeutics, Inc.), collectively referred to herein as the “Company.” Accordingly, they do not include all information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. These statements reflect adjustments, all of which are of a normal, recurring nature, and which are, in the opinion of management, necessary to present fairly the Company’s financial position as of June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010, results of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, and cash flows for the six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010. The results of operations for the six months ended June 30, 2011 are not necessarily indicative of the results for a full fiscal year. Preparing financial statements requires the Company’s management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. Actual results could differ from those estimates. These financial statements should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2010.
The Company's prospects must be considered in light of the substantial risks, expenses and difficulties encountered by entrants into the medical device industry. This industry is characterized by an increasing number of participants, intense competition and a high failure rate. The Company has experienced net losses since its inception and, as of June 30, 2011, it had an accumulated deficit of approximately $79.6 million. Through June 30, 2011, the Company has devoted substantial resources to research and development efforts. The Company does not have significant experience in manufacturing, marketing or selling its products. The Company's development efforts may not result in commercially viable products and it may not be successful in introducing its products. Moreover, required regulatory clearances or approvals may not be obtained. The Company's products may not ever gain market acceptance and the Company may not ever achieve levels of revenue to sustain further development costs and support ongoing operations or achieve profitability. The development and commercialization of the Company's products will require substantial development, regulatory, sales and marketing, manufacturing and other expenditures. The Company expects operating losses to continue through the foreseeable future as it continues to expend substantial resources to complete development of its products, obtain regulatory clearances or approvals and conduct further research and development.
The Company's financial statements have been prepared and presented on a basis assuming it will continue as a going concern. The factors below raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. The consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments to reflect the possible future effect on the recoverability and classification of assets or the amounts and classifications of liabilities that may result should the Company be unable to continue as a going concern. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Company believes it has made progress in stabilizing its financial situation by execution of multiyear contracts from Konica Minolta Optical, Inc. (“Konica Minolta”) and grants from the National Cancer Institute (“NCI”), while at the same time simplifying its capital structure and significantly reducing debt.
At June 30, 2011, the Company had negative working capital of approximately $377,000 and stockholders’ equity of approximately $410,000, primarily due to the conversion of its then-outstanding convertible notes to common shares in the amount of $9.3 million in February 2010, along with the proceeds from a September 2010 private placement of $3.0 million. As of June 30, 2011, the Company was past due on payments due under its notes payable in the amount of approximately $340,000.
The Company’s capital-raising efforts are ongoing. If sufficient capital cannot be raised during the fourth quarter of 2011, the Company has plans to curtail operations by reducing discretionary spending and staffing levels, and attempting to operate by only pursuing activities for which it has external financial support, such as under the Konica Minolta development agreement (see below) and additional NCI or other grant funding. However, there can be no assurance that such external financial support will be sufficient to maintain even limited operations or that the Company will be able to raise additional funds on acceptable terms, or at all. In such a case, the Company might be required to enter into unfavorable agreements or, if that is not possible, be unable to continue operations, and to the extent practicable, liquidate and/or file for bankruptcy protection.
The Company anticipates receiving approximately $2.5 million from Konica Minolta in 2011, as well as additional federal grants, which could bring in an additional $750,000. As of August 15, we have received approximately $1.7 million of the $2.5 million from Konica Minolta. It also has 28.9 million warrants to purchase shares of its common stock outstanding with an exercise price of $0.65 per share. So far in 2011, warrant exercises have generated approximately $175,000 and would generate a total of approximately $18.8 million in cash, assuming full exercise. Management intends to obtain additional funds through debt or equity financings and collaborative partnerships. Management believes that such financing, along with funds from government contracts and grants, including matching-grant funding, if available, and other strategic partnerships will be sufficient to support planned operations through the fourth quarter of 2011. Assuming the Company receives FDA approval for its LuViva™ (formerly LightTouch) cervical cancer detection device in 2011, the Company currently anticipates an early 2012 product launch.
2. SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
The Company’s significant accounting policies were set forth in the audited financial statements and notes thereto for the year ended December 31, 2010 included in its annual report on Form 10-K, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”).
Accounting Standards Updates
Newly effective accounting standards updates and those not effective until after June 30, 2011, are not expected to have a significant effect on the Company’s financial position or results of operations.
There were no significant concentrations of credit risk with regard to the Company’s accounts receivable as of June 30, 2011. The Company performs periodic credit evaluations of its customers’ financial condition and generally does not require collateral. The Company reviews all outstanding accounts receivable for collectability on a quarterly basis. An allowance for doubtful accounts is recorded for any amounts deemed uncollectable.
The Company defers recognition of revenue received pursuant to certain contracts and instead recognizes the revenue on a straight line basis, over the terms of the contracts.
Other income consists of a contract with Konica Minolta of approximately $10,000 per month for reimbursement of contractual expenses. The related expenses are netted against the reimbursement and the differential is booked as other income.
For the six months ended June 30, 2011, such other income totaled approximately $44,000.
3. STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION
The Company records compensation expense related to options granted to non-employees based on the fair value of the award.
Compensation cost is recorded as earned for all unvested stock options outstanding at the beginning of the first year based upon the grant date fair value estimates, and for compensation cost for all share-based payments granted or modified subsequently, based on fair value estimates.
For the quarter ended June 30, 2011, stock-based compensation for options attributable to employees, officers and directors was approximately $38,000 and has been included in the Company's second quarter 2011 statement of operations. Compensation costs for stock options, which vest over time, are recognized over the vesting period. As of June 30, 2011, the Company had approximately $392,000 of unrecognized compensation cost related to granted stock options, to be recognized over the remaining vesting period of approximately three years.
The Company has a 1995 stock option plan (the “Plan”) approved by its stockholders for officers, directors and key employees of the Company and consultants to the Company. Participants are eligible to receive incentive and/or nonqualified stock options. The aggregate number of shares that may be granted under the Plan is 8,255,219 shares. The Plan is administered by the compensation committee of the board of directors. The selection of participants, grant of options, determination of price and other conditions relating to the exercise of options are determined by the compensation committee of the board of directors and administered in accordance with the Plan.
Both incentive stock options and non-qualified options granted to employees, officers and directors under the Plan are exercisable for a period of up to 10 years from the date of grant, at an exercise price that is not less than the fair market value of the common stock on the date of the grant. The options typically vest in installments of 1/48 of the options outstanding every month.
A summary of the Company’s activity under the Plan as of June 30, 2011 and changes during the six months then ended is as follows:
|Outstanding, January 1, 2011||5,738,167||$||0.41|
|Exercised / Expired||(729,500||)||$||0.10|
|Outstanding, June 30, 2011||5,449,667||$||0.50||7.21||$||2,505|
|Vested and exercisable, June 30, 2011||4,483,302||$||0.41||6.84||$||2,466|
The Company estimates the fair value of stock options using a Black-Scholes valuation model. Key input assumptions used to estimate the fair value of stock options include the expected term, expected volatility of the Company’s stock, the risk free interest rate, option forfeiture rates, and dividends, if any. The expected term of the options is based upon the historical term until exercise or expiration of all granted options. The expected volatility is derived from the historical volatility of the Company’s stock on the U.S. Over the Counter market for a period that matches the expected term of the option. The risk-free interest rate is the constant maturity rate published by the U.S. Federal Reserve Board that corresponds to the expected term of the option.
4. LITIGATION AND CLAIMS
In October 2010, the Company received a letter from an attorney representing two stockholders (one of whom, Dolores Maloof, is a significant stockholder) (the “Claimants”), asserting claims for breach of contract and fraud in connection with transactions and occurrences in 2005 and 2009. The letter concerns a Warrant Agreement entered into by the Company and the Claimants in August 2005. Pursuant to the Warrant Agreement, if certain initial financing were to be obtained for the Company’s wholly owned subsidiary, InterScan (formerly named Guided Therapeutics, Inc.), the Claimants would receive warrants to purchase an aggregate number of shares of InterScan common stock equal to 7.5% of the outstanding InterScan common stock as of the closing of the such InterScan financing. The Warrant Agreement further provides that if, prior to such financing, the Company were to license or sell its cervical cancer detection technology, the Company would remit to the Claimants an aggregate of 7.5% of the net proceeds of such license or sale. The Claimants, through their attorney, allege that the warrants are now issuable to them under the terms of the Warrant Agreement. In that regard, the Claimants have alleged that the name change by the Company from SpectRx, Inc. to Guided Therapeutics, Inc., which occurred in 2008, coupled with subsequent financings, supports their claim. In the alternative, the Claimants assert that the Warrant Agreement was modified by an agreement with the Company in 2009, and under such modification they are entitled to warrants to purchase 2.6 million shares of common stock of the Company at a nominal exercise price, a 2% royalty on certain future product sales, and 3% of any proceeds should the Company be sold. The Company in a letter issued by its attorneys on November 5, 2010, has responded to the Claimants’ demands, denying the validity of each. The Company’s response states that the closing of a financing of InterScan was a condition precedent under the express terms of the Warrant Agreement to the issuance of the warrants that the Claimants allege are owed them and that such financing has never occurred. Further, the Company denies that any agreement to modify the Warrant Agreement was ever made as the Claimants assert, and also denies that any wrongdoing was committed in connection with the change of the Company’s name. Although no lawsuit has been filed by Claimants, the Claimants have stated an intention to file suit if a settlement cannot be reached. Although the Company has denied the validity of these claims, there is no guarantee that the Company’s defense would succeed if it is sued, and the Company may be have to pay damages awards or otherwise may enter into settlement arrangements in connection with these claims.
In addition, from time to time, the Company may be involved in various other legal proceedings and claims arising in the ordinary course of business. Management believes that the disposition of these additional matters which may occur, individually or in the aggregate, is not expected to have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial condition. However, depending on the amount and timing of such disposition, an unfavorable resolution of some or all of these matters could materially affect the future results of operations or cash flows in a particular period.
As of June 30, 2011, there was no accrual recorded for any potential losses related to pending litigation.
5. STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
The Company has authorized 100 million shares of common stock with $0.001 par value, 48,491,185 of which were outstanding as of June 30, 2011.
The Company has authorized 5,000,000 shares of preferred stock with a $.001 par value. The board of directors has the authority to issue these shares and to set dividends, voting and conversion rights, redemption provisions, liquidation preferences, and other rights and restrictions.
Redeemable Convertible Preferred Stock
The board of directors designated 525,000 shares of the preferred stock as redeemable convertible preferred stock, none of which remain outstanding.
Series A Convertible Preferred Stock
In 2004, the board of directors designated 242,576 shares of the preferred stock as series A convertible preferred stock. On February 26, 2010, the Company’s certificate of incorporation was amended to reclassify the series A convertible preferred stock into common stock and warrants to purchase shares of common stock, and therefore all of the then-outstanding 242,576 shares of series A convertible preferred stock and accrued dividends were reclassified into 8,084,139 shares of common stock and warrants to purchase an additional 2,799,327 shares of common stock.
On the date of issuance, the warrants were recorded at their fair value as determined using the Black-Scholes valuation model. The Company issued the warrants for the purpose of inducing conversion, or “reclassification,” of the series A preferred stock into common stock. The consideration expense associated with the warrants was treated as a preferred dividend. The dividend, which is the excess of (1) the fair value of all securities and other consideration (the warrants and common stock) transferred by the Company to the holders of the series A preferred stock over (2) the fair value of securities issuable pursuant to the original conversion terms (the common stock), has been subtracted from net income to arrive at net income available to common stockholders in the calculation of earnings per share in the first quarter of 2010. Since the series A preferred stockholders received the same number of shares of common stock in the reclassification into which the series A preferred stock were contractually convertible, the excess value was attributed solely to the warrants.
In accordance with the loan agreement governing the then-outstanding outstanding notes first issued in 2007 (the “2007 Notes”), and as a result of the reclassification of the series A preferred stock, on February 26, 2010, the then-outstanding 2007 Notes were converted into 14 million shares of common stock.
The only cash settlements related to the conversion of the 2007 Notes were for fractional shares issued upon conversion.
Under the Company’s 1995 Stock Plan (the “Plan”), a total of 2,805,552 shares remained available at June 30, 2011 and 5,449,667 shares were subject to stock options outstanding as of that date, bringing the total number of shares subject to stock options outstanding and those remaining available for issue to 8,255,219 shares of common stock as of June 30, 2011. The Plan allows the issuance of incentive stock options, nonqualified stock options, and stock purchase rights. The exercise price of options is determined by the Company’s board of directors, but incentive stock options must be granted at an exercise price equal to the fair market value of the Company’s common stock as of the grant date. Options historically granted have generally become exercisable over four years and expire ten years from the date of grant.
In January 2002, the Company assumed the Sterling Medivations 2000 Stock Option Plan, which authorizes the issuance of up to 93,765 shares of the Company’s common stock. No options have been issued under this plan.
The following table sets forth or the range of exercise prices, number of shares issuable upon exercise, weighted average exercise price, and remaining contractual lives by groups of similar price as of June 30, 2011:
|Options Outstanding||Options Exercisable|
Range of Exercise Prices
|Number of Shares||Weighted Average Exercise Price||Weighted Average Contractual Life (years)||Number of Shares||Weighted Average Price|
|$ 0.00 - $ 0.26||1,090,500||$||0.20||5.63||1,040,500||$||0.20|
|$ 0.30 - $ 0.33||2,158,500||$||0.32||7.03||2,081,573||$||0.32|
|$ 0.34 - $ 1.00||1,861,667||$||0.61||8.45||1,222,875||$||0.46|
|$ 1.10 - $ 4.46||284,000||$||1.37||7.90||83,354||$||1.46|
|$ 5.00 - $ 9.00||55,000||$||5.25||0.65||55,000||$||5.25|
In December 2001, as a result of the acquisition of Sterling, the Company granted options to purchase 22,024 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $7.29 per share in exchange for all the outstanding options, vested and unvested, of Sterling. As of June 30, 2011, 6,090 of these shares remain outstanding and have not been exercised.
The Company has the following shares reserved for the warrants outstanding as of June 30, 2011:
|Warrants (Underlying Shares) Exercise Price Expiration Date 28,897,934 (1) 0.65 03/01/2013 73,182 (2) 0.005 03/11/2013 377,161 (3) 1.01 09/10/2015 29,348,277|
(1) Consists of outstanding warrants issued in connection with various financings, but amended or originally issued on February 26, 2010 to expire on March 1, 2013. Shares underlying these warrants have been registered for resale with the SEC on April 8, 2011. During the six months ended June 30, 2011, 275,172 shares of warrants were exercised and 940,556 warrants were exercised since February 26, 2010.
(2) Consists of warrants to purchase common stock at a purchase price of $0.005 per share, issued in conjunction with a consulting agreement entered into on August 26, 2009. These warrants were issued to expire on March 1, 2013.
(3) Consists of outstanding warrants issued in conjunction with a private placement on September 10, 2010.
In connection with a certain financing, which became due and payable as of January 30, 2004, and under an agreement dated February 6, 2004, the Company agreed to cause its subsidiary, InterScan, to issue to the lenders party to the agreement, warrants exercisable for the number of shares of common stock of InterScan equal to 5% of all shares of common stock of InterScan as of and after the issuance of InterScan securities in an InterScan financing, as defined in the agreement. The exercise price per share of common stock of InterScan will equal 5% of the per share purchase price paid by the purchasers in such InterScan financing. As of June 30, 2011, no such InterScan financing had occurred.
6. LOSS PER COMMON SHARE
Basic and diluted net loss per share attributable to common stockholders amounts are computed by dividing the net loss plus preferred stock dividends and deemed dividends by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period.
7. NOTES PAYABLE
Short Term Debt
The Company has a straight-line amortizing bank loan with a principal and interest payment of $2,220 per month. The original loan originated on April 1, 2010, was a thirty-six month, 7.5 percent loan. As of June 30, 2011, a balance of approximately $41,000 was outstanding, approximately $24,000 of which is classified as current loan payable and approximately $17,000 as long-term loan payable.
Notes Payable – Past Due
At June 30, 2011, the Company was past due on two short term notes totaling approximately $340,000 of principal and accrued interest.
8. SUBSEQUENT EVENTS
Management evaluated all activities of the Company and concluded that no subsequent events have occurred that would require recognition in the Consolidated Financial Statements or disclosure in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.
ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Statements in this report which express "belief," "anticipation" or "expectation," as well as other statements which are not historical facts, are forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. These forward-looking statements are subject to certain risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from historical results or anticipated results, including those set forth under "Risk Factors" below and elsewhere in this report. Examples of these uncertainties and risks include, but are not limited to:
the dependence on potential strategic partners or outside investors for funding, development assistance, clinical trials, distribution and marketing of some of our products.
access to sufficient debt or equity capital to meet our operating and financial needs;
|·||the effectiveness and ultimate market acceptance of our products;|
|·||whether our products in development will prove safe, feasible and effective;|
|·||whether and when we or any potential strategic partners will obtain approval from the U.S FDA and corresponding foreign agencies;|
|·||our need to achieve manufacturing scale-up in a timely manner, and our need to provide for the efficient manufacturing of sufficient quantities of our products;|
|·||the lack of immediate alternate sources of supply for some critical components of our products;|
|·||our patent and intellectual property position; and|
|·||the need to fully develop the marketing, distribution, customer service and technical support and other functions critical to the success of our product lines.|
The following discussion should be read in conjunction with our financial statements and notes thereto included elsewhere in this report.
We are a medical technology company focused on developing innovative medical devices that have the potential to improve healthcare. Our primary focus is the development of our LuViva™ (formerly Light Touch) cervical cancer detection technology and extension of our cancer detection platform into other cancers, especially lung and esophageal. Our technology, including products in research and development, primarily relates to biophotonics technology for the non-invasive detection of cancers, including cervical cancer.
We are a Delaware corporation, originally incorporated in 1992 under the name “SpectRx, Inc.,” and, on February 22, 2008, changed our name to Guided Therapeutics, Inc. At the same time, we renamed our wholly owned subsidiary, InterScan, which originally had been incorporated as “Guided Therapeutics.”
Since our inception, we have raised capital through the private sale of preferred stock and debt securities, public and private sales of common stock, funding from collaborative arrangements and grants.
Our prospects must be considered in light of the substantial risks, expenses and difficulties encountered by entrants into the medical device industry. This industry is characterized by an increasing number of participants, intense competition and a high failure rate. We have experienced operating losses since our inception and, as of June 30, 2011, we have an accumulated deficit of about $79.6 million. To date, we have engaged primarily in research and development efforts. We do not have significant experience in manufacturing, marketing or selling our products. Our development efforts may not result in commercially viable products and we may not be successful in introducing our products. Moreover, required regulatory clearances or approvals may not be obtained in a timely manner, or at all. Our products may not ever gain market acceptance and we may not ever generate significant revenues or achieve profitability. The development and commercialization of our products will require substantial development, regulatory, sales and marketing, manufacturing and other expenditures. We expect our operating losses to continue through at least the end of 2011 as we continue to expend substantial resources to introduce our cervical cancer detection product, further the development of our other products, obtain regulatory clearances or approvals, build our marketing, sales, manufacturing and finance organizations and conduct further research and development.
If sufficient capital cannot be raised at some point in the fourth quarter of 2011, we might be required to enter into unfavorable agreements or, if that is not possible, be unable to continue operations, and to the extent practicable, liquidate and/or file for bankruptcy protection. As of the date hereof, this effort is on-going. These factors raise substantial doubts about our ability to continue as a going concern. Additional debt or equity financing will be required for us to continue our business activities. If additional funds do not become available, we have plans to curtail operations by reducing discretionary spending and staffing levels. If funds are not obtained, we will have to curtail our operations and attempt to operate by only pursuing activities for which we have external financial support, such as pursuant to our agreements with Konica Minolta and through additional NCI or other grant funding, including matching-grant funding, if available. However, there can be no assurance that such external financial support will be sufficient to maintain even limited operations or that we will be able to raise additional funds on acceptable terms, or at all.
Our product revenues to date have been limited. In 2010, the majority of our revenues were from the NCI and Konica Minolta. We expect that the majority of our revenue in 2011 will also continue to be derived primarily these sources.
CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Our material accounting policies, which we believe are the most critical to an investor’s understanding of our financial results and condition, are discussed below. Because we are still early in our enterprise development, the number of these policies requiring explanation is limited. As we begin to generate increased revenue from different sources, we expect that the number of applicable policies and complexity of the judgments required will increase.
Currently, our policies that could require critical management judgment are in the areas of revenue recognition, reserves for accounts receivable and deferred taxes and equity instrument grants.
Revenue Recognition: We recognize revenue from contracts on a straight line basis, over the terms of the contract. We recognize revenue from grants based on the agreement, at the time the expenses are incurred.
Valuation of Deferred Taxes: We account for income taxes in accordance with the liability method. Under the liability method, we recognize deferred assets and liabilities based upon anticipated future tax consequences attributable to differences between financial statement carrying amounts of assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. We establish a valuation allowance to the extent that it is more likely than not that deferred tax assets will not be utilized against future taxable income.
Valuation of Equity Instruments Granted To Employee, Service Providers and Investors: On the date of issuance, the instruments are recorded at their fair value as determined using the Black-Scholes valuation model.
Allowance for Accounts Receivable: We estimate losses from the inability of our customers to make required payments and periodically review the payment history of each of our customers, as well as their financial condition, and revise our reserves as a result.
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
COMPARISON OF THE THREE MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30, 2011 AND 2010
Revenue: Net revenue increased to $913,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2011, from $805,000 for the same period in 2010. Net revenue was higher for the three months ended June 30, 2011 than the comparable period in 2010, due to the increase in revenue from contracts relating to our cervical cancer detection technology and the Biofield co-development agreement.
Research and Development Expenses: Research and development expenses increased to approximately $619,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2011, compared to $490,000 for the same period in 2010. The increase, of approximately $129,000, was primarily due to an increase in expenses for research and development of the cervical cancer detection products.
Sales and Marketing Expenses: Sales and marketing expenses were approximately $71,000 during the three months ended June 30, 2011, compared to $44,000 for the same period in 2010. The increase, of approximately $27,000, was primarily due to an increase in expenses relating to marketing efforts for the cervical cancer detection products in development.
General and Administrative Expenses: General and administrative expenses decreased to approximately $708,000 during the three months ended June 30, 2011, compared to $802,000 for the same period in 2010. The decrease of approximately $94,000, or 11.7%, is primarily related to a decrease in operating activities during the three months ended June 30, 2011.
Interest Income: Interest income was approximately $7,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2011. There was no interest income for the same period in 2010. Interest income for the three months ended June 30, 2011 was associated with a seconded employee from Konica Minolta.
Interest Expense: Interest expense decreased to approximately $18,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2011, as compared to expense of approximately $28,000 for the same period in 2010. The decrease is primarily due to the February 26, 2010 conversion of indebtedness into common stock (see Note 5 to the financial statements accompanying this report), as well as a decrease in interest expense on lower loan balances for the three months ended June 30, 2011.
Net loss was approximately $485,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2011, compared to a net loss of approximately $531,000, for the same period in 2010.
Net loss attributable to common stockholders was $496,000 during the three months ended June 30, 2011, as compared to net loss attributable to common stockholders of $559,000 during the three months ended June 30, 2010.
COMPARISON OF THE SIX MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30, 2011 AND 2010
Revenue: Net revenue remained at approximately $1.6 million for the six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010.
Research and Development Expenses: Research and development expenses increased to approximately $1.3 million for the six months ended June 30, 2011, compared to $897,000 for the same period in 2010. The increase, of approximately $418,000, is due to an increase in expenses for research and development of the cervical cancer detection products.
Sales and Marketing Expenses: Sales and marketing expenses were approximately $120,000 during the six months ended June 30, 2011, compared to $78,000 for the same period in 2010. The increase, of approximately $42,000, was primarily due to an increase in expenses relating to marketing efforts for the cervical cancer detection products in development.
General and Administrative Expenses: General and administrative expenses increased to approximately $1.4 million during the six months ended June 30, 2011, compared to approximately $1.3 million for the same period in 2010. The increase of approximately $191,000, or 14.9%, is primarily related to an increase in professional fees, related to our products under development.
Interest Income: Interest income was approximately $44,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2011. There was no interest income for the same period in 2010. Interest income for the six months ended June 30, 2011 was associated with a seconded employee from Konica Minolta.
Interest Expense: Interest expense decreased to approximately $41,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2011, as compared to approximately $1.3 million for the same period in 2010. The decrease is primarily due to the February 26, 2010 conversion of indebtness into common stock (see Note 5 to the financial statements accompanying this report), for the six months ended June 30, 2011.
Net loss was approximately $1.2 million during the six months ended June 30, 2011, compared to $1.9 million for the same period in 2010, for the reasons outlined above.
Net loss attributable to common stockholders was approximately $1.2 million during the six months ended June 30, 2011, compared to a net loss attributable to common stockholder of approximately $3.6 million during the six months ended June 30, 2010.
LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES
We have financed our operations since inception primarily through private sales of debt and private and public sales of our equity securities, as well as agreements with collaborative partners and grants. At June 30, 2011, we had approximately $2.3 million in cash and a negative working capital of approximately $377,000.
Our major cash flows in the quarter ended June 30, 2011, consisted of cash out-flows of approximately $913,000 from operations (including approximately $1.2 million of net loss) and cash utilized in investing activities of approximately $145,000, offset in part by cash provided by financing activities of $133,000 due to proceeds received from conversion of options and warrants into common stock, offset in parts by conversion of accounts payable into common stock and payments on notes payables.
On February 26, 2010, we amended our certificate of incorporation to reclassify our series A convertible preferred stock into common stock and warrants to purchase shares of common stock. As a result, all 242,576 outstanding shares of series A convertible preferred stock and accrued dividends were reclassified into 8,084,139 shares of common stock and warrants to purchase an additional 2,799,327 shares of common stock. Upon this reclassification, the $9.1 million in outstanding convertible notes and accrued interest were automatically converted into 14 million shares of common stock.
On September 10, 2010, we completed a private placement of 3,771,605 shares of our common stock at a purchase price of $0.81 per share, pursuant to which we raised approximately $3 million. For each share of common stock issued, subscribers received warrants exercisable for the purchase of 1/10 of one share of common stock (in the aggregate, 377,161 shares) at an exercise price of $1.01 per share. The warrants have a five-year term.
On March 28, 2011, we executed an agreement to extend our existing license agreement with Konica Minolta to co-develop non-invasive cancer detection products for one year, effective May 1, 2011. Pursuant to the extension agreement, Konica Minolta will pay us a $750,000 fee for the extension. Additionally, the agreement provides for a subsequent one-year renewal upon the written agreement of the parties. This extension is the second extension of the original agreement, which was a one-year exclusive negotiation and development agreement regarding the optimization of our microporation system for manufacturing, regulatory approval, commercialization and clinical utility, entered into in April 2009.
Also on March 28, 2011, we executed an agreement to extend our existing agreement with Konica Minolta to develop prototype devices specific to the esophageal cancer detection application for one year, effective May 1, 2011. Pursuant to the extension agreement, Konica Minolta will pay us a total of $1.72 million in installments payable quarterly beginning on the effective date.
On May 3, 2011, we received an initial payment of $250,000 from Biofield Corporation in connection with our June 2010 agreement for re-engineering and manufacture of a new breast-cancer diagnostic system. Under the agreement, Biofield will pay us between $400,000 and $500,000, in incremental sums over the course of the contract, to develop such a device. We are deferring revenue received from the contract and amortizing it on straight-line basis over the next twelve months.
On June 13, 2011, we were granted an award in the amount of $512,524 from the National Institute of Mental Health to pursue a project entitled, “Instacortisol: a Real-Time and Continuous Assessment of Cortisol in ISF.” The amount of the award includes $184,384 for contractual costs that will be recorded as a liability and expensed based on availability of the funds and satisfactory progress of the project. The award can be extended for an additional year.
We will be required to raise additional funds through public or private financing, additional collaborative relationships or other arrangements in addition to these sources. We believe our existing and available capital resources will be sufficient to satisfy our funding requirements through the fourth quarter of 2011. We are evaluating various options to further reduce our cash requirements to operate at a reduced rate, as well as options to raise additional funds, including loans using certain assets as collateral.
Substantial capital will be required to develop our products, including completing product testing and clinical trials, obtaining all required United States and foreign regulatory approvals and clearances, and commencing and scaling up manufacturing and marketing our products. Any failure to obtain capital would have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Our financial statements have been prepared and presented on a basis assuming we will continue as a going concern. The above factors raise substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern, as more fully discussed in Note 1 to the consolidated financial statements contained herein and in the report of our independent registered public accounting firm accompanying our financial statements contained in our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2010.
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
We have no material off-balance sheet arrangements, no special purpose entities, and no activities that include non-exchange-traded contracts accounted for at fair value.
ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
Disclosure Controls and Procedures
The Company under the supervision and with the participation of management, including the Chief Executive Officer (principal executive officer) and the Chief Financial Officer (principal financial officer), evaluated the effectiveness of our “disclosure controls and procedures” (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange Act”)) as of June 30,2011.
Based on that evaluation, the Chief Executive Officer and the Chief Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) were effective as of June 30, 2011 to provide reasonable assurance that (1) information required to be disclosed by us in the reports we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission’s rules and forms, and (2) information required to be disclosed by us in the reports we file or submit under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosures.
The effectiveness of any system of controls and procedures is subject to certain limitations, and, as a result, there can be no assurance that our controls and procedures will detect all errors or fraud. A control system, no matter how well conceived and operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the objectives of the control system will be attained.
Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
There has been no change in our internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act) during the quarter ended June 30, 2011 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
PART II - OTHER INFORMATION
ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS
Please refer to Part I, Item 1A, “Risk Factors,” in our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2010, for information regarding factors that could affect our results of operations, financial condition and liquidity.
ITEM 6. EXHIBITS
|Exhibit Number||Exhibit Description|
|31||Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a) Certification|
|32||Section 1350 Certification|
In accordance with the requirements of the Exchange Act, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
|GUIDED THERAPEUTICS, INC.|
/s/ MARK L. FAUPEL
Mark L. Faupel
|President, Chief Executive Officer and|
|Acting Chief Financial Officer|
August 15, 2011