Company Quick10K Filing
Quick10K
Grainger W W
Closing Price ($) Shares Out (MM) Market Cap ($MM)
$273.44 55 $15,160
10-Q 2019-03-31 Quarter: 2019-03-31
10-K 2018-12-31 Annual: 2018-12-31
10-Q 2018-09-30 Quarter: 2018-09-30
10-Q 2018-06-30 Quarter: 2018-06-30
10-Q 2018-03-31 Quarter: 2018-03-31
10-K 2017-12-31 Annual: 2017-12-31
10-Q 2017-09-30 Quarter: 2017-09-30
10-Q 2017-06-30 Quarter: 2017-06-30
10-Q 2017-03-31 Quarter: 2017-03-31
10-K 2016-12-31 Annual: 2016-12-31
10-Q 2016-09-30 Quarter: 2016-09-30
10-Q 2016-06-30 Quarter: 2016-06-30
10-Q 2016-03-31 Quarter: 2016-03-31
10-K 2015-12-31 Annual: 2015-12-31
10-Q 2015-09-30 Quarter: 2015-09-30
10-Q 2015-06-30 Quarter: 2015-06-30
10-Q 2015-03-31 Quarter: 2015-03-31
10-K 2014-12-31 Annual: 2014-12-31
10-Q 2014-09-30 Quarter: 2014-09-30
10-Q 2014-06-30 Quarter: 2014-06-30
10-Q 2014-03-31 Quarter: 2014-03-31
10-K 2013-12-31 Annual: 2013-12-31
8-K 2019-04-25 Shareholder Vote
8-K 2019-04-22 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2019-01-24 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2019-01-24 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-10-16 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-07-18 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-04-26 Shareholder Vote
8-K 2018-04-19 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-04-02 Officers, Exhibits
8-K 2018-01-24 Earnings, Exhibits
CL Colgate Palmolive 60,830
TTD Trade Desk 8,420
GEL Genesis Energy 2,610
DIOD Diodes 1,910
AMAG Amag Pharmaceuticals 378
AWRE Aware 71
XTLB Xtl Biopharmaceuticals 12
DRNG Drone Guarder 0
UDN Invesco DB US Dollar Index Bearish Fund 0
DRNE Drone Aviation Holding 0
GWW 2019-03-31
Part I - Financial Information
Item 1: Financial Statements
Item 2: Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Part II - Other Information
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Item 6. Exhibits
EX-10.1 gww-2019033119xex101.htm
EX-10.2 gww-201903312019xex102.htm
EX-10.3 gww-201903312019xex103.htm
EX-31.1 gww-2019033119xex311.htm
EX-31.2 gww-2019033119xex312.htm
EX-32 gww-2019033119xex32.htm

Grainger W W Earnings 2019-03-31

GWW 10Q Quarterly Report

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow

10-Q 1 gww2019033119-10q.htm 10-Q Document


 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-Q
 
(Mark One)
[X] QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF
THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2019
OR
 
[ ] TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF
THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the transition period from ______ to _______
 
Commission file number 1-5684

W.W. Grainger, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Illinois
 
36-1150280
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
 
 
100 Grainger Parkway, Lake Forest, Illinois
 
60045-5201
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
(847) 535-1000
(Registrant’s telephone number including area code)
 
Not Applicable
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year; if changed since last report)
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes [X]  No [  ]
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).  Yes [X]  No [  ]
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company.  See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
Large accelerated filer [X]  Accelerated filer [  ]   Non-accelerated filer [  ]   Smaller reporting company [  ]
Emerging growth company [  ]

 If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. [  ]


1



Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
Yes [  ]  No [X]
 
There were 55,443,591 shares of the Company’s Common Stock, par value $0.50, outstanding as of March 31, 2019.

2




 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
 
Page No.
 
PART I FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
 
 
 
Item 1:
Financial Statements (Unaudited)
 
 
 
 
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Earnings 
    for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2019 and 2018
 
 
 
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive
    Earnings for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2019 and 2018
 
 
 
 
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
    as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018
 
 
 
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
    for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2019 and 2018
 
 
 
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Shareholders' Equity for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2019 and 2018
 
 
 
 
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
 
 
 
Item 2:
Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial
    Condition and Results of Operations
 
 
 
Item 3:
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
 
 
 
Item 4:
Controls and Procedures
 
 
 
 
PART II OTHER INFORMATION
 
 
 
Item 1:
Legal Proceedings
 
 
 
Item 2:
Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
 
 
 
Item 6:
Exhibits
 
 
 
Signatures
 
 
 
 
EXHIBITS
 
 


3



PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1:  Financial Statements

W.W. Grainger, Inc. and Subsidiaries
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EARNINGS
(In millions of dollars, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended
 
March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
Net sales
$
2,799

 
$
2,766

Cost of goods sold
1,704

 
1,674

Gross profit
1,095

 
1,092

Selling, general and administrative expenses
732

 
757

Operating earnings
363

 
335

Other income (expense):
 

 
 

Interest income
2

 

Interest expense
(21
)
 
(25
)
Losses from equity method investment

 
(11
)
Other, net
7

 
8

Total other expense, net
(12
)
 
(28
)
Earnings before income taxes
351

 
307

Income taxes
89

 
66

Net earnings
262

 
241

Less: Net earnings attributable to noncontrolling interest
9

 
9

Net earnings attributable to W.W. Grainger, Inc.
$
253

 
$
232

Earnings per share:
 

 
 

Basic
$
4.50

 
$
4.09

Diluted
$
4.48

 
$
4.07

Weighted average number of shares outstanding:
 

 
 

Basic
55.6

 
56.1

Diluted
55.9

 
56.4

Cash dividends paid per share
$
1.36

 
$
1.28

 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

4



W.W. Grainger, Inc. and Subsidiaries
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE EARNINGS
(In millions of dollars)
(Unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended
 
March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
Net earnings
$
262

 
$
241

Other comprehensive (losses) earnings:
 

 
 

Foreign currency translation adjustments, net of reclassification
4

 
23

Postretirement benefit plan reclassification, net of tax benefit of $1 and $1, respectively
(3
)
 
(2
)
Total other comprehensive earnings
1

 
21

Comprehensive earnings, net of tax
263

 
262

Less: Comprehensive earnings (losses) attributable to noncontrolling interest
 
 
 
Net earnings
9

 
9

Foreign currency translation adjustments
(2
)
 
9

Comprehensive earnings attributable to noncontrolling interest
7

 
18

Comprehensive earnings attributable to W.W. Grainger, Inc.
$
256

 
$
244

 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

5



W.W. Grainger, Inc. and Subsidiaries
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In millions of dollars, except for share and per share amounts)
 
As of
 
(Unaudited)
 
 
ASSETS
March 31, 2019
 
Dec 31, 2018
CURRENT ASSETS
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
392

 
$
538

Accounts receivable (less allowances for doubtful
 

 
 

accounts of $26 and $25, respectively)
1,485

 
1,385

Inventories
1,523

 
1,541

Prepaid expenses and other assets
102

 
83

Prepaid income taxes
6

 
10

Total current assets
3,508

 
3,557

PROPERTY, BUILDINGS AND EQUIPMENT, NET
1,358

 
1,352

DEFERRED INCOME TAXES
14

 
12

GOODWILL
425

 
424

INTANGIBLES, NET
446

 
460

OTHER ASSETS
263

 
68

TOTAL ASSETS
$
6,014

 
$
5,873

LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY
 
 
 
CURRENT LIABILITIES
 
 
 
Short-term debt
$
52

 
$
49

Current maturities of long-term debt
82

 
81

Trade accounts payable
741

 
678

Accrued compensation and benefits
146

 
262

Accrued contributions to employees' profit sharing plans
27

 
133

Accrued expenses
324

 
269

Income taxes payable
90

 
29

Total current liabilities
1,462

 
1,501

LONG-TERM DEBT (less current maturities)
2,077

 
2,090

DEFERRED INCOME TAXES AND TAX UNCERTAINTIES
101

 
103

OTHER NON-CURRENT LIABILITIES
222

 
86

SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY
 

 
 

Cumulative preferred stock – $5 par value – 12,000,000 shares authorized; none issued nor outstanding

 

Common stock – $0.50 par value – 300,000,000 shares authorized;
109,659,219 shares issued
55

 
55

Additional contributed capital
1,137

 
1,134

Retained earnings
8,045

 
7,869

Accumulated other comprehensive losses
(168
)
 
(171
)
Treasury stock, at cost – 54,215,628 and 53,796,859 shares, respectively
(7,098
)
 
(6,966
)
Total W.W. Grainger, Inc. shareholders’ equity
1,971

 
1,921

Noncontrolling interest
181

 
172

Total shareholders' equity
2,152

 
2,093

TOTAL LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY
$
6,014

 
$
5,873

  
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

6



W.W. Grainger, Inc. and Subsidiaries
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In millions of dollars)
(Unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended
 
March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:
 
 
 
Net earnings
$
262

 
$
241

Provision for losses on accounts receivable
4

 
4

Deferred income taxes and tax uncertainties
(4
)
 
(2
)
Depreciation and amortization
57

 
64

Net gains from sales of assets, net of write-offs
(2
)
 
(6
)
Stock-based compensation
5

 
12

Losses from equity method investment

 
11

Change in operating assets and liabilities:
 

 
 

Accounts receivable
(102
)
 
(94
)
Inventories
20

 
3

Prepaid expenses and other assets
(30
)
 
(33
)
Trade accounts payable
64

 
13

Other current liabilities
(207
)
 
(103
)
Income taxes payable, net

64

 
44

Accrued employment-related benefits cost
(4
)
 
(7
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
127

 
147

CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:
 

 
 

Additions to property, buildings and equipment and intangibles
(60
)
 
(49
)
Proceeds from sales of assets
6

 
26

Equity method investment
2

 
(8
)
Net cash used in investing activities
(52
)
 
(31
)
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
 

 
 

Net increase in commercial paper

 
90

Borrowings under lines of credit
10

 
10

Payments against lines of credit
(7
)
 
(20
)
Payments of long-term debt
(14
)
 
(25
)
Proceeds from stock options exercised
3

 
59

Payments for employee taxes withheld from stock awards
(3
)
 
(15
)
Purchase of treasury stock
(135
)
 
(173
)
Cash dividends paid
(76
)
 
(72
)
Other, net
1

 

Net cash used in financing activities
(221
)
 
(146
)
Exchange rate effect on cash and cash equivalents

 
5

NET CHANGE IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS
(146
)
 
(25
)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year
538

 
327

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$
392

 
$
302

 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

7



W.W. Grainger, Inc. and Subsidiaries
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY
(In millions of dollars, except for per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
 
Common Stock
Additional Contributed Capital
Retained Earnings
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Earnings (Losses)
Treasury Stock
Noncontrolling
Interest
Total
Balance at January 1, 2018
$
55

$
1,041

$
7,405

$
(135
)
$
(6,676
)
$
138

$
1,828

Stock based compensation

24



44


68

Purchase of treasury stock




(160
)

(160
)
Net earnings


232



9

241

Other comprehensive earnings



12


9

21

Cash dividends paid ($1.28 per share)


(73
)



(73
)
Balance at March 31, 2018
$
55

$
1,065

$
7,564

$
(123
)
$
(6,792
)
$
156

$
1,925


 
Common Stock
Additional Contributed Capital
Retained Earnings
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Earnings (Losses)
Treasury Stock
Noncontrolling
Interest
Total
Balance at January 1, 2019
$
55

$
1,134

$
7,869

$
(171
)
$
(6,966
)
$
172

$
2,093

Stock based compensation

3



3


6

Purchase of treasury stock




(135
)

(135
)
Net earnings


253



9

262

Other comprehensive (losses) earnings



3


(2
)
1

Capital contribution





2

2

Cash dividends paid ($1.36 per share)


(77
)



(77
)
Balance at March 31, 2019
$
55

$
1,137

$
8,045

$
(168
)
$
(7,098
)
$
181

$
2,152


8




W.W. Grainger, Inc. and Subsidiaries
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

1.    BACKGROUND AND BASIS OF PRESENTATION
 
W.W. Grainger, Inc. is a broad line, business-to-business distributor of maintenance, repair and operating (MRO) products and services.  W.W. Grainger, Inc.’s operations are primarily in North America, Europe, Japan and Mexico. In this report, the words “Company” or “Grainger” mean W.W. Grainger, Inc. and its subsidiaries, except where the context makes it clear that the reference is only to W.W. Grainger, Inc. itself and not its subsidiaries.
 
The Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements of the Company and the related notes are unaudited and should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and related notes for the year ended December 31, 2018 included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) on February 28, 2019.
 
The Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as of December 31, 2018 has been derived from the audited consolidated financial statements at that date, but does not include all of the disclosures required by accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S. for complete financial statements.
 
The unaudited financial information reflects all adjustments (primarily consisting of normal recurring adjustments) which, in the opinion of management, are necessary for a fair presentation of the statements contained in this report.

2.    NEW ACCOUNTING STANDARDS

In June 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2016-13, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses: Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments as modified by subsequently issued ASU 2018-19. This ASU requires estimating all expected credit losses for certain types of financial instruments, including trade receivables, held at the reporting date based on historical experience, current conditions and reasonable and supportable forecasts. This ASU affects an entity to varying degrees depending on the credit quality of the assets held by the entity, their duration and how the entity applies current GAAP. The effective date of this ASU is for fiscal years and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2019. The Company is evaluating the impact of this ASU.

On January 1, 2019, the Company adopted ASU 2016-02, Leases as modified subsequently by ASUs 2018-01, 2018-10, 2018-11, 2018-20 and 2019-01(Topic 842). The core principle of these ASUs is to improve transparency and comparability related to the accounting and reporting of leasing arrangements, including balance sheet recognition for assets and liabilities associated with rights and obligations created by leases with terms greater than twelve months, among other changes.

The Company utilized the simplified modified retrospective transition method that allowed for a cumulative-effect adjustment in the period of adoption, and did not restate prior periods. Additionally, the Company elected the practical expedients package permitted under the transition guidance. Adoption of the new standard resulted in the recording right of use (ROU) assets and lease liabilities of approximately $208 million and $205 million, respectively as of January 1, 2019 related to operating and finance leases. Adoption of the standard did not materially impact the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Statements of Earnings, Comprehensive Earnings and Statements of Cash Flows. See Note 5 to the Financial Statements.



9

W.W. Grainger, Inc. and Subsidiaries
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)

3.    REVENUE

Company revenue is primarily comprised of MRO product sales and related activities, such as freight and services. Total service revenue is not material and accounted for approximately 1% of the Company revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

Grainger serves a large number of customers in diverse industries, which are subject to different economic and market specific factors. The Company's presentation of revenue by industry most reasonably depicts how the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of Company revenue and cash flows are affected by economic and market specific factors. The
following table presents the Company's percentage of revenue by reportable segment and by major customer industry:
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
 
U.S.
 
Canada
 
Total Company (2)
 
U.S.
 
Canada
 
Total Company (2)
Government
17
%
 
6
%
 
13
%
 
17
%
 
7
%
 
13
%
Heavy Manufacturing
19
%
 
21
%
 
18
%
 
20
%
 
20
%
 
19
%
Light Manufacturing
13
%
 
6
%
 
11
%
 
13
%
 
5
%
 
11
%
Transportation
6
%
 
8
%
 
5
%
 
5
%
 
8
%
 
5
%
Commercial
17
%
 
9
%
 
14
%
 
16
%
 
10
%
 
13
%
Retail/Wholesale
8
%
 
4
%
 
7
%
 
8
%
 
4
%
 
7
%
Contractors
10
%
 
10
%
 
8
%
 
10
%
 
12
%
 
8
%
Natural Resources
3
%
 
32
%
 
4
%
 
3
%
 
31
%
 
4
%
Other (1)
7
%
 
4
%
 
20
%
 
8
%
 
3
%
 
20
%
Total net sales to external customers
100
%
 
100
%
 
100
%
 
100
%
 
100
%
 
100
%
Percent of Total Company Revenue
72
%
 
5
%
 
100
%
 
72
%
 
7
%
 
100
%
(1) Other category primarily includes revenue from individual customers not aligned to major industry segment, including small businesses and consumers and intersegment net sales.
(2) Total Company includes other businesses, which include the Company's endless assortment businesses and operations in Europe, Asia and Latin America and account for approximately 23% and 21% of revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

Total accrued sales returns were approximately $27 million and $29 million as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018 and are reported as a reduction of Accounts receivable. Total accrued sales incentives were approximately $51 million and $62 million as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018 and are reported as part of Accrued expenses. The Company did not have any material unsatisfied performance obligations, contract assets or liabilities as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018.

4.    PROPERTY, BUILDINGS AND EQUIPMENT

Property, buildings and equipment consisted of the following (in millions of dollars):
 
As of
 
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
Land
$
318

 
$
318

Building, structures and improvements
1,343

 
1,338

Furniture, fixtures, machinery and equipment
1,820

 
1,785

Property, buildings and equipment
$
3,481

 
$
3,441

Less: Accumulated depreciation and amortization
2,123

 
2,089

Property, buildings and equipment, net
$
1,358

 
$
1,352



10

W.W. Grainger, Inc. and Subsidiaries
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)


5. LEASES

The Company leases certain properties and buildings (including branches, warehouses, distribution centers and office space) and equipment under various arrangements which provide the right to use the underlying asset and require lease payments for the lease term. The Company’s lease portfolio consists mainly of operating leases which expire at various dates through 2036. Finance leases and service contracts with lease arrangements are not material and the following disclosures pertain to the Company’s operating leases.

Many of the property and building lease agreements obligate the Company to pay real estate taxes, insurance and certain maintenance costs (hereinafter referred to as non-lease components). Certain of the Company’s lease arrangements contain renewal provisions from 1 to 30 years, exercisable at the Company's option. The Company’s lease agreements do not contain any material residual value guarantees or material restrictive covenants.

The Company determines if an arrangement is an operating lease at inception. Leases with an initial term of 12 months or less are not recorded on the balance sheet. All other leases are recorded on the balance sheet with ROU assets representing the right to use the underlying asset for the lease term and lease liabilities representing the obligation to make lease payments arising from the lease.

ROU assets and lease liabilities are recognized at commencement date based on the present value of lease payments over the lease term and include options to extend or terminate the lease when they are reasonably certain to be exercised. The present value of lease payments is determined primarily using the incremental borrowing rate based on the information available at lease commencement date. Lease agreements with lease and non-lease components are generally accounted for as a single lease component. The Company’s operating lease expense is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term and are recorded in Selling, general and administrative expenses (SG&A).

Information related to operating leases is as follows (in millions of dollars):
 
 
As of March 31, 2019
ROU Assets
 
 
Other assets
 
$
188

 
 
 
Operating lease liabilities
 
 
Accrued expenses
 
56

Other non-current liabilities
 
139

Total operating lease liabilities
 
$
195


 
 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2019
Weighted average remaining lease term
 
6 years

Weighted average incremental borrowing rate
 
2.5
%
Rent expense included in SG&A
 
$
19

Cash paid for operating leases
 
17

ROU assets obtained in exchange for operating lease obligations
 
12




11

W.W. Grainger, Inc. and Subsidiaries
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)


Maturities of operating lease liabilities were as follows as of March 31, 2019 (in millions of dollars):
Year
 
Maturity of operating lease liabilities
2019 (excluding three months)
 
49

2020
 
51

2021
 
37

2022
 
27

2023
 
17

Thereafter
 
31

Total lease payments
 
212

Less interest
 
(17
)
Present value of lease liabilities
 
195


As of March 31, 2019, the Company's future operating lease obligations that have not yet commenced are immaterial.

6.    GOODWILL AND INTANGIBLE ASSETS

The balances and changes in the carrying amount of Goodwill by segment are as follows (in millions of dollars):
 
 
United States
 
Canada
 
Other businesses
 
Total
Balance at January 1, 2018
 
$
192

 
$
130

 
$
222

 
$
544

Impairment
 

 

 
(105
)
 
(105
)
Translation
 

 
(10
)
 
(5
)
 
(15
)
Balance at December 31, 2018
 
192

 
120

 
112

 
424

Translation
 

 
3

 
(2
)
 
1

Balance at March 31, 2019
 
$
192

 
$
123

 
$
110

 
$
425

The cumulative goodwill impairment charges by segment as of March 31, 2019 are as follows (in millions of dollars):
 
 
United States
 
Canada
 
Other businesses
 
Total
Cumulative goodwill impairment charges
 
$
24

 
$
32

 
$
176

 
$
232



12

W.W. Grainger, Inc. and Subsidiaries
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)

The balances and changes in Intangible assets, net are as follows (in millions of dollars):
 
 
 
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
 
Weighted average life
 
Gross carrying amount
 
Accumulated amortization
 
Net carrying amount
 
Gross carrying amount
 
Accumulated amortization
 
Net carrying amount
Customer lists and relationships
14.3 years
 
$
412

 
$
210

 
$
202

 
$
410

 
$
204

 
$
206

Trademarks, trade names and other
14.5 years
 
23

 
14

 
9

 
24

 
15

 
9

Non-amortized trade names and other
 
 
99

 

 
99

 
99

 

 
99

Capitalized software
4.1 years
 
661

 
525

 
136

 
657

 
511

 
146

Total intangible assets
8.4 years
 
$
1,195

 
$
749

 
$
446

 
$
1,190

 
$
730

 
$
460


Grainger tests reporting units' goodwill and intangible assets for impairment annually during the fourth quarter and more frequently if impairment indicators exist. Accordingly, Grainger periodically performs qualitative assessments of significant events and circumstances such as reporting units' historical and current results, assumptions regarding future performance, strategic initiatives and overall economic factors to determine the existence of impairment indicators and assess if it is more likely than not that the fair value of reporting units or intangible assets is less than their carrying value and if a quantitative impairment test is necessary.
Granger's qualitative assessment for the three months ended March 31, 2019 did not indicate the presence of any impairment triggering events. Changes in assumptions regarding future performance, as well as the ability to execute on growth initiatives and productivity improvements, may have a significant impact on future cash flows. Likewise, an unfavorable economic environment and changes in market conditions, discount rates or other factors may result in future impairments of goodwill and intangible assets.
7.     RESTRUCTURING

The Company has substantially completed its various restructuring actions initiated during 2017 and 2018 and recorded approximately $2 million and $8 million of related costs in the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. The restructuring charges primarily consisted of involuntary employee termination costs in Canada and the U.S., net of gains from the sales of branches and are included in SG&A. The reserve balance as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018 was approximately $35 million and $47 million, respectively, and is primarily included in Accrued compensation and benefits. The majority of the reserve is expected to be paid during 2019.
  


13

W.W. Grainger, Inc. and Subsidiaries
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)

8.    SHORT-TERM AND LONG-TERM DEBT
 
Short-term debt consisted of outstanding lines of credit of $52 million and $49 million at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018 respectively. Long-term debt consisted of the following (in millions of dollars):
 
As of March 31, 2019
 
As of December 31, 2018
 
Carrying Value
 
Fair Value
 
Carrying Value
 
Fair Value
4.60% senior notes due 2045
$
1,000

 
$
1,075

 
$
1,000

 
$
1,026

3.75% senior notes due 2046
400

 
374

 
400

 
357

4.20% senior notes due 2047
400

 
401

 
400

 
383

British pound term loan
172

 
172

 
174

 
174

Euro term loan
123

 
123

 
126

 
126

Canadian dollar revolving credit facility
45

 
45

 
44

 
44

Other
41

 
41

 
49

 
49

Subtotal
2,181

 
2,231

 
2,193

 
2,159

Less current maturities
(82
)
 
(82
)
 
(81
)
 
(81
)
Debt issuance costs and discounts, net of amortization
(22
)
 
(22
)
 
(22
)
 
(22
)
Long-term debt (less current maturities)
$
2,077

 
$
2,127

 
$
2,090

 
$
2,056


The estimated fair value of the Company’s senior notes was based on available external pricing data and current market rates for similar debt instruments, among other factors, which are classified as level 2 inputs within the fair value hierarchy. The carrying value of other long-term debt approximates fair value due to their variable interest rates.



14

W.W. Grainger, Inc. and Subsidiaries
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)

9.    EARNINGS PER SHARE
 
The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted earnings per share under the two-class method (in millions of dollars, except for share and per share amounts):
 
Three Months Ended
 
March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
Net earnings attributable to W.W. Grainger, Inc. as reported
253

 
$
232

Distributed earnings available to participating securities
(1
)
 
(1
)
Undistributed earnings available to participating securities
(2
)
 
(1
)
Numerator for basic earnings per share – Undistributed and distributed earnings available to common shareholders
250

 
230

Undistributed earnings allocated to participating securities
2

 
1

Undistributed earnings reallocated to participating securities
(2
)
 
(1
)
Numerator for diluted earnings per share – Undistributed and distributed earnings available to common shareholders
$
250

 
$
230

Denominator for basic earnings per share – weighted average shares
55,643,199

 
56,062,607

Effect of dilutive securities
304,429

 
340,639

Denominator for diluted earnings per share – weighted average shares adjusted for dilutive securities
55,947,628

 
56,403,246

Earnings per share two-class method
 

 
 

Basic
$
4.50

 
$
4.09

Diluted
$
4.48

 
$
4.07


10.    SEGMENT INFORMATION

Grainger's two reportable segments are the U.S. and Canada. The U.S. reportable segment reflects the results of Grainger's U.S. businesses. The Canada reportable segment reflects the results for Acklands-Grainger, Inc. and its subsidiaries. Other businesses include the endless assortment businesses, Zoro Tools, Inc. (Zoro) in the U.S. and MonotaRO Co. (MonotaRO) in Japan, and smaller high-touch solutions businesses in Europe, Asia and Mexico. These businesses individually do not meet the criteria of a reportable segment.

Following is a summary of segment results (in millions of dollars):
 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2019
 
U.S.
 
Canada
 
Total Reportable Segments
 
Other businesses
 
Total
Total net sales
$
2,149

 
$
136

 
$
2,285

 
$
633

 
$
2,918

Intersegment net sales
(118
)
 

 
(118
)
 
(1
)
 
(119
)
Net sales to external customers
$
2,031

 
$
136

 
$
2,167

 
$
632

 
$
2,799

Segment operating earnings
$
364

 
$
(5
)
 
$
359

 
$
30

 
$
389


15

W.W. Grainger, Inc. and Subsidiaries
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)

 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2018
 
U.S.
 
Canada
 
Total Reportable Segments
 
Other businesses
 
Total
Total net sales
$
2,108

 
$
182

 
$
2,290

 
$
588

 
$
2,878

Intersegment net sales
(111
)
 

 
(111
)
 
(1
)
 
(112
)
Net sales to external customers
$
1,997

 
$
182

 
$
2,179

 
$
587

 
$
2,766

Segment operating earnings
$
357

 
$
(20
)
 
$
337

 
$
36

 
$
373


Following are reconciliations of segment information with the total consolidated totals per the financial statements (in millions of dollars):
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
Operating earnings:
 
Total operating earnings for reportable segments
$
359

 
$
337

Other businesses
30

 
36

Unallocated expenses
(26
)
 
(38
)
Total consolidated operating earnings
$
363

 
$
335

 
 
 
 
 
As of
 
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
Assets:
 
 
 
United States
$
2,575

 
$
2,496

Canada
184

 
188

Assets for reportable segments
2,759

 
2,684

Other current and noncurrent assets
3,051

 
2,879

Unallocated assets
204

 
310

Total consolidated assets
$
6,014

 
$
5,873

 
 
 
 

The Company is a broad-line distributor of MRO products and services. Products are regularly added and deleted from the Company's inventory. Accordingly, it would be impractical to provide sales information by product category due to the way the business is managed.

Unallocated expenses primarily relate to the Company's headquarters support services and intercompany eliminations, which are not part of any reportable segment. Unallocated expenses include supply chain, product management and procurement, finance, communications, human resources, information systems, legal and compliance, internal audit and real estate.

Assets for reportable segments include net accounts receivable and first-in, first-out inventory which are reported to the Company's Chief Operating Decision Maker. Other current and non-current assets include all other assets of the reportable segments. Unallocated assets are primarily comprised of non-operating cash and cash equivalents, property, buildings and equipment, net, and certain prepaid expenses related to the Company's headquarters support services.



16

W.W. Grainger, Inc. and Subsidiaries
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)



11.    CONTINGENCIES AND LEGAL MATTERS

From time to time the Company is involved in various legal and administrative proceedings that are incidental to its business, including claims related to product liability, general negligence, contract disputes, cybersecurity incidents, privacy matters, environmental issues, wage and hour laws, intellectual property, employment practices, advertising laws, regulatory compliance, and other matters and actions brought by employees, customers, competitors, suppliers and governmental entities. As a government contractor selling to federal, state and local governmental entities, the Company is also subject to governmental and regulatory inquiries, audits and other proceedings, including those related to contract administration and pricing compliance. It is not expected that the ultimate resolution of any of these matters will have, either individually or in the aggregate, a material adverse effect on the Company's consolidated financial position or results of operations.




17

W.W. Grainger, Inc. and Subsidiaries
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL
CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Item 2: Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

General
W.W. Grainger, Inc. (Grainger or the Company) is a broad line, business-to-business distributor of maintenance, repair and operating (MRO) products and services with operations primarily in North America, Europe and Japan. More than 3.5 million customers worldwide rely on Grainger for products such as safety, gloves, ladders, motors and janitorial supplies, along with services like inventory management and technical support. These customers represent a broad collection of industries (see Note 3 in the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Financial Statements)). They place orders online, on mobile devices, through sales representatives, over the phone and at local branches. Approximately 5,000 suppliers provide Grainger with approximately 1.7 million products stocked in Grainger's distribution centers (DCs) and branches worldwide.

Grainger's two reportable segments are the U.S. and Canada (Acklands - Grainger Inc. and its subsidiaries). These reportable segments reflect the results of the Company's high-touch solutions businesses in those geographies. Other businesses include the endless assortment businesses, (Zoro in the U.S. and MonotaRO in Japan), and smaller high-touch solutions businesses in Europe, Asia and Mexico.

Business Environment
Given Grainger's large number of customers and the diverse industries it serves, several economic factors and indusry trends tend to shape Grainger’s business environment and provide general insight into projecting Grainger's growth. Grainger’s sales in the United States (U.S.) and Canada tend to positively correlate with Business Investment, Business Inventory, Exports, Industrial Production and Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Sales in Canada also tend to positively correlate with oil prices. The table below provides these estimated indicators for 2019:
 
U.S.
 
Canada
 
Estimated 2018
Forecasted 2019
 
Estimated 2018
Forecasted 2019
Business Investment
7.4%
3.0%
 
0.8%
(2.3)%
Business Inventory
1.6%
3.3%
 
Exports
4.0%
2.8%
 
3.3%
2.7%
Industrial Production
3.9%
2.1%
 
2.6%
0.7%
GDP
2.9%
2.3%
 
1.8%
1.4%
Oil Prices
 
$65/barrel
$63/barrel
Source: Global Insight U.S. (April 2019), Global Insight Canada (March 2019)

In the U.S., Business Investment and Exports are two major indicators of MRO spending. Per the Global Insight April 2019 forecast, Business Inventory is forecast to improve while Business Investment, Industrial Production, Exports and GDP are forecast to slow, yet still remain stable during 2019 despite slowing global growth and trade concerns, financial market volatility and fading fiscal stimulus.
Per the Global Insight March 2019 forecast, Canada's Business Investment, Exports, Industrial Production and GDP are expected to slow due to a reduction in spending, delayed investments and weakness in oil prices and limited output.   
Outlook
Each business in Grainger’s portfolio has a specific set of strategic imperatives focused on creating unique value for customers.

In the U.S. business, Grainger is focused on growing market share through the three pillars of its strategy: (i) building advantaged MRO solutions, which means being able to get customers the exact product they need to solve a problem quickly; (ii) offering differentiated sales and services; Grainger has an advantage in serving complex businesses at their place of business through its direct customer relationships and onsite services and (iii) delivering unparalleled customer service; Grainger is committed to providing the absolute best customer experience in the industry through its effort to deliver flawlessly on every customer transaction.
 

18

W.W. Grainger, Inc. and Subsidiaries
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL
CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Matters Affecting Comparability
There were 63 sales days in the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 64 sales days in the three months ended March 31, 2018.

Results of Operations – Three Months Ended March 31, 2019
The following table is included as an aid to understand the changes in Grainger’s Condensed Consolidated Statements of Earnings (in millions of dollars):
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
 
 
Percent Increase/(Decrease)
 
As a Percent of Net Sales
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
Net sales
$
2,799

 
$
2,766

1
 %
 
100.0
%
 
100.0
%
Cost of goods sold
1,704

 
1,674

2
 %
 
60.9

 
60.5

Gross profit
1,095

 
1,092

 %
 
39.1

 
39.5

Selling, general and administrative expenses
732

 
757

(3
)%
 
26.2

 
27.4

Operating earnings
363

 
335

8
 %
 
13.0

 
12.1

Other expense, net
12

 
28

(57
)%
 
0.4

 
1.0

Income taxes
89

 
66

35
 %
 
3.2

 
2.4

Net earnings
262

 
241

 
 
 
 
 
Noncontrolling interest
9

 
9

 %
 
0.3

 
0.3

Net earnings attributable to W.W. Grainger, Inc.
$
253

 
$
232

9
 %
 
9.0
%
 
8.4
%

Grainger’s net sales of $2,799 million for the first quarter of 2019 increased $33 million, or 1% compared to the same period in 2018. On a daily basis sales, net sales increased 3.0% and consisted of the following:
 
Percent Increase/(Decrease)
Volume
3.0%
Price
1.5
Foreign exchange
(1.0)
Cash to accrual transition (U.S.)
(0.5)
Total
3.0%

The increase in net sales was primarily driven by volume increases in the U.S. business and the endless assortment businesses, partially offset by lower sales in the Canada business, foreign exchange and the impact of a prior year change in accounting estimate. More specifically, a small group of U.S. customers were transitioned from cash to accrual basis of accounting as a result of their improved credit profile. See the Segment Analysis below for further details related to segment revenue.

Gross profit of $1,095 million for the first quarter of 2019 increased $3 million compared to the same quarter in 2018. The gross profit margin of 39.1% during the first quarter of 2019 decreased 0.35 percentage point when compared to the same quarter in 2018. The decline in gross profit margin generation was primarily driven by the other businesses and also includes a 0.15 percentage point decline from the timing of the Company's North American sales meeting that took place in March 2019 versus February in the prior year.

The table below reconciles reported Selling, general and administrative expenses (SG&A), operating earnings and net earnings attributable to W.W. Grainger, Inc. determined in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) to adjusted SG&A, operating earnings and net earnings attributable to W.W. Grainger, Inc., which are all considered non-GAAP measures. The Company believes that these non-GAAP measures provide meaningful

19

W.W. Grainger, Inc. and Subsidiaries
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL
CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

information to assist shareholders in understanding financial results and assessing prospects for future performance as they provide a better baseline for analyzing the ongoing performance of its businesses by excluding items that may not be indicative of core operating results. Because non-GAAP financial measures are not standardized, it may not be possible to compare these measures with other companies' non-GAAP measures having the same or similar names. All tables below are in millions of dollars:
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
 
March 31,
 
 
 
2019
 
2018
 
%
Selling, general and administrative expenses reported
$
732

 
$
757

 
(3
)%
Restructuring (U.S.)

 
3

 
 
Branch gains (U.S.)

 
(7
)
 
 
Restructuring (Canada)
1

 
11

 
 
Restructuring (Other businesses)

 
1

 
 
          Subtotal
1

 
8

 
 
Selling, general and administrative expenses adjusted
$
731

 
$
749

 
(2
)%
 
2019
 
2018
 
%
Operating earnings reported
$
363

 
$
335

 
8
%
Total restructuring, net of branch gains
2

 
8

 
 
Operating earnings adjusted
$
365

 
$
343

 
6
%
 
2019
 
2018
 
%
Net earnings attributable to W.W. Grainger, Inc. reported
$
253

 
$
232

 
9
%
Total restructuring, net of branch gains
2

 
8

 
 
Tax effect (1)

 
(2
)
 
 
Total restructuring, net of branch gains and tax
2

 
6

 
 
Net earnings attributable to W.W. Grainger, Inc. adjusted
$
255

 
$
238

 
7
%
(1) The tax impact of adjustments is calculated based on the income tax rate in each applicable jurisdiction, subject to deductibility limitations and the Company's ability to realize the associated tax benefits.

SG&A of $732 million for the first quarter of 2019 decreased $25 million, or 3% compared to the first quarter of 2018. Excluding restructuring, net of branch gains in both periods as noted in the table above, SG&A decreased $18 million, or 2% primarily due to 2018 cost take-out actions in Canada.

Operating earnings of $363 million for the first quarter of 2019 increased $28 million, or 8% compared to the first quarter of 2018. Excluding restructuring, net of branch gains in both periods as noted in the table above, operating earnings increased $22 million or 6%, driven primarily by SG&A leverage and cost take-out actions.

Other expense, net was $12 million for the first quarter of 2019, a decrease of $16 million, or 57% compared to the first quarter of 2018. The decrease was primarily due to lower losses from the conclusion of the Company's clean energy investments in the second half of 2018.

Income taxes of $89 million for the first quarter of 2019 increased $23 million, or 35% compared to the first quarter of 2018. Grainger's effective tax rates were 25.4% and 21.6% for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. The increase was primarily driven by lower tax benefit from stock-based compensation and the absence of the Company's clean energy tax benefits in 2019 as the Company concluded its investments in 2018.

Net earnings attributable to W.W. Grainger, Inc. of $253 million for the first quarter of 2019 increased $21 million or 9% compared to the first quarter of 2018. Excluding restructuring, net of branch gains from both periods in the table above, net earnings increased $17 million, or 7%. The increase in net earnings primarily resulted from lower SG&A and lower other expense, net.

20

W.W. Grainger, Inc. and Subsidiaries
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL
CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Diluted earnings per share of $4.48 in the first quarter of 2019 was up 10% versus the $4.07 for the first quarter of 2018, primarily due to higher net earnings and lower average shares outstanding. Excluding restructuring, net of branch gains from both periods in the table above, diluted earnings per share of $4.51 in the first quarter of 2019 increased 8% from $4.18 for the first quarter of 2018.

Segment Analysis
The following results at the U.S. and Canada segments and Other businesses level include external and intersegment net sales and operating earnings. See Note 10 to the Financial Statements.

United States
Net sales were $2,149 million for the first quarter of 2019, an increase of $41 million, or 2% compared to the same period in 2018. On a daily basis, net sales increased 3.5% and consisted of the following:
 
Percent Increase/(Decrease)
Volume
2.5%
Price
1.5
Intercompany sales to Zoro (included in other businesses)
0.5
Cash to accrual transition
(1.0)
Total
3.5%

Sales to customers in the commercial end markets increased high single digits. Heavy manufacturing, government, retail, natural resources and contractors increased mid-single digits and light manufacturing end markets increased low-single digits. See Note 3 to the Financial Statements for information related to disaggregated revenue. Overall, revenue increases were primarily driven by market share gains and improved demand in all industries, partially offset by the cash to accrual transition for a small group of U.S. customers in the prior year.

The gross profit margin for the first quarter of 2019 increased 0.15 percentage point compared to the same period in 2018. Excluding the 0.2 percentage point decline due to the timing of the Company's North American sales meeting, gross profit margin increased 0.35 percentage points due to freight favorability and product and customer mix.

SG&A increased 2% in the first quarter of 2019 compared to the first quarter of 2018. The increase was primarily driven by digital marketing, partially offset by variable compensation.

Operating earnings of $364 million for the first quarter of 2019 increased $7 million, or 2% from $357 million for the first quarter of 2018. This increase was driven primarily by higher gross profit from higher sales.

Canada
Net sales were $136 million for the first quarter of 2019, a decrease of $46 million, or 25% compared to the same period in 2018. On a daily basis, net sales decreased 24.0% and consisted of the following:
 
Percent (Decrease)/Increase
Volume
(24.0)%
Foreign exchange
(4.0)
Price
4.0
Total
(24.0)%

For the first quarter of 2019, volume was down 24.0 percentage points compared to the same period in 2018 due to actions taken to reduce the branch footprint and sales coverage optimization activities, partially offset by price increases.

The gross profit margin decreased 2.0 percentage points in the first quarter of 2019 versus the first quarter of 2018, primarily due to unfavorable inventory reserve adjustments due to lower sales volume.


21

W.W. Grainger, Inc. and Subsidiaries
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL
CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

SG&A decreased 41% in the first quarter of 2019 compared to the first quarter of 2018. Excluding restructuring costs in both periods (as noted in the table above and Note 7 to the Financial Statements), SG&A would have decreased 33%. This decrease was primarily due to 2018 cost reduction actions and lower variable expense due to lower sales volume.

Operating losses were $5 million for the first quarter of 2019 compared to $20 million in the first quarter of 2018. Excluding restructuring costs in both periods (as noted in the table above and Note 7 to the Financial Statements), operating losses would have been $3 million compared to $9 million in the prior period due to lower SG&A and lower sales volume.

Other businesses
Net sales were $633 million for the first quarter of 2019, an increase of $45 million, or 8% when compared to the same period in 2018. On a daily basis, net sales increased 9.5% and consisted of the following:
 
Percent Increase/(Decrease)
Price/volume
12.0%
Foreign exchange
(2.5)
Total
9.5%

The net sales increase was primarily due to strong revenue growth from the endless assortment businesses.

Operating earnings of $30 million for the first quarter of 2019 were down $6 million compared to operating earnings of $36 million the first quarter of 2018. This decrease is primarily due to the endless assortment businesses' investments to drive long-term growth.

Financial Condition

Cash Flow
Net cash provided by operating activities was $127 million and $147 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. The decrease in cash provided by operating activities is primarily the result of higher net payments related to employee variable compensation and benefits paid under annual incentive plans, partially offset by higher operating cash earnings.

Net cash used in investing activities was $52 million and $31 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. This increase in net cash used in investing activities was primarily driven by higher additions to property, buildings and equipment and lower proceeds from the sales of assets when compared to the prior year.

Net cash used in financing activities was $221 million and $146 million in the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. The increase in net cash used in financing activities was primarily driven by lower proceeds from commercial paper and lower proceeds from stock options exercised, partially offset by lower stock repurchases in 2019 compared to 2018.

Working Capital
Internally generated funds are the primary source of working capital and funds used for growth initiatives and capital expenditures. Grainger's working capital is not impacted by significant seasonality trends throughout the year.

Working capital consists of current assets (less non-operating cash) and current liabilities (less short-term debt, current maturities of long-term debt and lease liabilities). Working capital at March 31, 2019, was $2,086 million, an increase of $188 million when compared to $1,898 million at December 31, 2018. The increase was primarily driven by an increase in accounts receivable and a decrease in accrued contributions to employees profit-sharing plans due to the annual cash contribution to the profit sharing plans. At these dates, the ratio of current assets to current liabilities was 2.6 and 2.4, respectively.



22

W.W. Grainger, Inc. and Subsidiaries
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL
CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS


Debt
Grainger maintains a debt ratio and liquidity position that provides flexibility in funding working capital needs and long-term cash requirements. In addition to internally generated funds, Grainger has various sources of financing available, including bank borrowings under lines of credit. Total debt, which is defined as total interest-bearing debt (short-term, current maturities and long-term) and lease liabilities as a percent of total capitalization was 52.8% at March 31, 2019, and 51.5% at December 31, 2018.

Critical Accounting Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make judgments, estimates and assumptions about future events that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes.

Accounting estimates are considered critical when they require management to make subjective and complex judgments, estimates and assumptions about matters that have a material impact on the presentation of Grainger’s financial statements and accompanying notes. For a description of Grainger’s critical accounting estimates, see Grainger's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018.

Management has discussed the development and selection of these critical accounting estimates with the Audit Committee of the Board of Directors and with the Company's independent registered public accounting firm.

Forward-Looking Statements
From time to time, in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, as well as in other written reports, communications and verbal statements, Grainger makes forward-looking statements that are not historical in nature but concern forecasts of future results, business plans, analyses, prospects, strategies, objectives and other matters that may be deemed to be “forward-looking statements” under the federal securities laws. Forward-looking statements can generally be identified by their use of terms such as “anticipate,” “estimate,” “believe,” “expect,” “could,” “forecast,” “may,” “intend,” “plan,” “predict,” “project” “will” or “would” and similar terms and phrases, including references to assumptions.
Grainger cannot guarantee that any forward-looking statement will be realized and achievement of future results is subject to risks and uncertainties, many of which are beyond the Company’s control, which could cause Grainger’s results to differ materially from those that are presented.
Important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those presented or implied in the forward-looking statements include, without limitation: higher product costs or other expenses; a major loss of customers; loss or disruption of sources of supply; increased competitive pricing pressures; failure to develop or implement new technology initiatives or business strategies; failure to adequately protect intellectual property or successfully defend against infringement claims; the implementation, timing and results of the Company’s strategic pricing initiatives and other responses to market pressures; the outcome of pending and future litigation or governmental or regulatory proceedings, including with respect to wage and hour, anti-bribery and corruption, environmental, advertising, privacy and cybersecurity matters; investigations, inquiries, audits and changes in laws and regulations; disruption of information technology or data security systems; general industry, economic, market or political conditions; general global economic conditions; currency exchange rate fluctuations; market volatility, including volatility or price declines of the Company’s common stock; commodity price volatility; labor shortages; facilities disruptions or shutdowns; higher fuel costs or disruptions in transportation services; natural and other catastrophes; unanticipated and/or extreme weather conditions; loss of key members of management; the Company’s ability to operate, integrate and leverage acquired businesses; changes in effective tax rates and other factors identified under Item 1A: Risk Factors in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018, as updated in the Company’s Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q.
Caution should be taken not to place undue reliance on Grainger’s forward-looking statements and Grainger undertakes no obligation to update or revise any of its forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law.

23


W.W. Grainger, Inc. and Subsidiaries


Item 3.
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
 
For quantitative and qualitative disclosures about market risk, see “Item 7A: Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk” in Grainger's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018.

Item 4.
Controls and Procedures
 
Disclosure Controls and Procedures
Grainger carried out an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of its management, including the Chief Executive Officer and the Chief Financial Officer, of the effectiveness of Grainger's disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the Exchange Act)) as of the end of the period covered by this report. Based upon that evaluation, the Chief Executive Officer and the Chief Financial Officer concluded that Grainger’s disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of the end of the period covered by this report in (i) ensuring that information required to be disclosed by Grainger in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC's rules and forms and (ii) ensuring that information required to be disclosed by the Company in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to the Company's management, including the Company's Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
 
Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
There have been no changes in Grainger's internal control over financial reporting for the quarter ended March 31, 2019, that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, Grainger’s internal control over financial reporting.

PART II – OTHER INFORMATION
 
Item 1.
Legal Proceedings

For a description of the Company’s legal proceedings, see Note 11 - Contingencies and Legal Matters - to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements included under Item 1 - Financial Statements, of Part I of this report.

Item 2.
Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
 
Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities – First Quarter
Period
Total Number of Shares Purchased (A)
Average Price Paid per Share (B)
Total Number of Shares Purchased as Part of Publicly Announced Plans or Programs (C)
Maximum Number of
Shares That May Yet be Purchased Under the
Plans or Programs
Jan 1 – Jan 31
194,643
$285.58
194,643
1,184,102
Feb 1 – Feb 28
100,731
$307.61
100,731
1,083,371
Mar 1 – Mar 31
162,513
$297.36
162,513
920,858
Total
457,887

457,887
 
 
(A)
There were no shares withheld to satisfy tax withholding obligations.
(B)
Average price paid per share includes any commissions paid and includes only those amounts related to purchases as part of publicly announced plans or programs.
(C)
Purchases were made pursuant to a share repurchase program approved by Grainger’s Board of Directors on April 6, 2015, up to 15 million shares with no expiration date. Activity is reported on a trade date basis.







24


W.W. Grainger, Inc. and Subsidiaries


Item 6.        Exhibits

A list of exhibits filed with this report on Form 10-Q is provided in the Exhibit Index on page 27 of this report.


25




SIGNATURES


 
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 
 
 
 
W.W. GRAINGER, INC.
Date:
April 22, 2019
 
 
 
By:
 
 
 
/s/ Thomas B. Okray
 
 
 
Thomas B. Okray, Senior Vice President
and Chief Financial Officer
 
 
 
(Principal Financial Officer)
Date:
April 22, 2019
 
 
 
By:
 
 
 
/s/ Eric R. Tapia
 
 
 
Eric R. Tapia, Vice President
and Controller
 
 
 
(Principal Accounting Officer)



26




EXHIBIT INDEX

EXHIBIT NO.
 
DESCRIPTION
 
Form of 2019 W.W. Grainger, Inc. 2015 Incentive Plan Stock Option Agreement between W.W. Grainger, Inc. and certain of its executive officers. *

 
Form of 2019 W.W. Grainger, Inc. 2015 Incentive Plan Restricted Stock Unit Agreement between W.W. Grainger, Inc. and certain of its executive officers. *
 
Form of 2019 W.W. Grainger, Inc. 2015 Incentive Plan Performance Restricted Stock Unit Agreement between W.W. Grainger, Inc. and certain of its executive officers. *
 
Certification of Principal Executive Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
 
Certification of Principal Financial Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
 
Certification of Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
101.INS
 
XBRL Instance Document.
101.SCH
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document.
101.CAL
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document.
101.DEF
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document.
101.LAB
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document.
101.PRE
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document.

(*) Management contract of compensatory plan arrangement

27