Company Quick10K Filing
Horizon Bancorp
Closing Price ($) Shares Out (MM) Market Cap ($MM)
$0.00 45 $729
10-K 2020-02-28 Annual: 2019-12-31
10-Q 2019-11-07 Quarter: 2019-09-30
10-Q 2019-08-09 Quarter: 2019-06-30
10-Q 2019-05-09 Quarter: 2019-03-31
10-K 2019-02-28 Annual: 2018-12-31
10-Q 2018-11-09 Quarter: 2018-09-30
10-Q 2018-08-07 Quarter: 2018-06-30
10-Q 2018-05-07 Quarter: 2018-03-31
10-K 2018-02-28 Annual: 2017-12-31
10-Q 2017-11-08 Quarter: 2017-09-30
10-Q 2017-08-09 Quarter: 2017-06-30
10-Q 2017-05-09 Quarter: 2017-03-31
10-K 2017-02-28 Annual: 2016-12-31
10-Q 2016-11-09 Quarter: 2016-09-30
10-Q 2016-08-09 Quarter: 2016-06-30
10-Q 2016-05-06 Quarter: 2016-03-31
10-K 2016-02-29 Annual: 2015-12-31
10-Q 2015-11-09 Quarter: 2015-09-30
10-Q 2015-08-10 Quarter: 2015-06-30
10-Q 2015-05-04 Quarter: 2015-03-31
10-K 2015-03-13 Annual: 2014-12-31
10-Q 2014-11-07 Quarter: 2014-09-30
10-Q 2014-08-11 Quarter: 2014-06-30
10-Q 2014-05-09 Quarter: 2014-03-31
10-K 2014-02-28 Annual: 2013-12-31
10-Q 2013-11-07 Quarter: 2013-09-30
10-Q 2013-08-08 Quarter: 2013-06-30
10-Q 2013-05-08 Quarter: 2013-03-31
10-K 2013-03-12 Annual: 2012-12-31
10-Q 2012-11-08 Quarter: 2012-09-30
10-Q 2012-08-08 Quarter: 2012-06-30
10-Q 2012-05-10 Quarter: 2012-03-31
10-K 2012-03-12 Annual: 2011-12-31
10-Q 2011-11-14 Quarter: 2011-09-30
10-Q 2011-08-12 Quarter: 2011-06-30
10-Q 2011-05-12 Quarter: 2011-03-31
10-K 2011-03-11 Annual: 2010-12-31
10-Q 2010-11-12 Quarter: 2010-09-30
10-Q 2010-08-12 Quarter: 2010-06-30
10-Q 2010-05-13 Quarter: 2010-03-31
10-K 2010-03-12 Annual: 2009-12-31
8-K 2020-02-25 Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2020-01-29 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2020-01-21 Amend Bylaw, Exhibits
8-K 2020-01-21 Officers, Exhibits
8-K 2019-12-31 Officers, Exhibits
8-K 2019-10-23
8-K 2019-07-30 Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2019-07-24 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2019-07-17 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2019-07-11 Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2019-06-18 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2019-06-13 Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2019-05-02 Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2019-05-02 Shareholder Vote
8-K 2019-04-24 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2019-03-26 M&A, Sale of Shares, Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2019-01-29 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2019-01-14 Officers
8-K 2019-01-09 Other Events
8-K 2018-12-20 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-12-18 Enter Agreement, Exhibits
8-K 2018-10-29 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-10-29 Enter Agreement, Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-09-26 Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2018-09-05 Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2018-07-31 Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2018-07-25 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-05-17 Other Events
8-K 2018-05-15 Amend Bylaw, Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-05-03 Officers, Amend Bylaw, Shareholder Vote, Exhibits
8-K 2018-05-03 Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2018-04-25 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-03-21 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-01-24 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-01-01 Officers, Exhibits
HBNC 2019-12-31
Part I
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments
Item 2. Properties
Item 3. Legal Proceedings
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Part II
Item 5. Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
Item 6. Selected Financial Data
Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Note 1 - Nature of Operations and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Note 2 - Acquisitions
Note 3 - Cash Equivalents
Note 4 - Securities
Note 5
Note 6 - Accounting for Certain Loans Acquired in A Transfer
Note 7 - Allowance for Loan Losses
Note 8 -
Note 9 - Premises and Equipment
Note 10 - Loan Servicing
Note 11 - Goodwill and Intangible Assets
Note 12 - Leases
Note 13 - Deposits
Note 14 - Borrowings
Note 15 - Repurchase Agreements
Note 16 - Subordinated Debentures
Note 17 - Employee Stock Ownership Plan
Note 18 - Employee Thrift and Defined Benefit Plan
Note 19 - Income Tax
Note 20 - Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
Note 21 - Commitments,
Note 22 - Regulatory Capital
Note 23 - Share-Based Compensation
Note 24 - Derivative Financial Instruments
Note 25 - Disclosures About Fair Value of Assets and Liabilities
Note 26 - Fair Value of Financial Instruments
Note 27 - General Litigation
Note 28 - Condensed Financial Information (Parent Company Only)
Note 29 - Quarterly Results of Operations (Unaudited)
Note 30 - Future Accounting Matters
Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure
Item 9A. Controls and Procedures
Item 9B. Other Information
Part III
Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance
Part IV
EX-4.1 d74129dex41.htm
EX-10.15 d74129dex1015.htm
EX-21 d74129dex21.htm
EX-23 d74129dex23.htm
EX-31.1 d74129dex311.htm
EX-31.2 d74129dex312.htm
EX-32.1 d74129dex321.htm
EX-32.2 d74129dex322.htm

Horizon Bancorp Earnings 2019-12-31

HBNC 10K Annual Report

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow

Comparables ($MM TTM)
Ticker M Cap Assets Liab Rev G Profit Net Inc EBITDA EV G Margin EV/EBITDA ROA
BMTC 749 4,737 4,146 0 0 60 118 686 5.8 1%
UVSP 748 5,154 4,503 0 0 66 121 834 6.9 1%
GABC 744 3,971 3,471 0 0 54 99 744 7.5 1%
NCOM 740 4,205 3,508 0 0 45 82 523 6.4 1%
TRST 732 5,228 4,712 0 0 60 108 172 1.6 1%
ORIT 731 4,071 3,541 2 0 52 124 1,227 0% 9.9 1%
HBNC 729 5,099 4,472 0 0 54 112 634 5.7 1%
BY 726 5,391 4,674 0 0 57 128 637 5.0 1%
ABTX 712 4,794 4,090 0 0 49 110 480 4.4 1%
CBTX 709 3,380 2,866 0 0 52 84 442 5.2 2%

Form 10-K
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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
FORM
10-K
 
(Mark One)
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019
Commission file number 0000-10792
 
Horizon Bancorp, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
     
Indiana
 
35-1562417
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
     
515 Franklin Street, Michigan City, Indiana
 
46360
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code:
219-879-0211
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
         
Title of each class
 
Trading
Symbol(s)
 
Name of each exchange
on which registered
Common stock, no par value
 
HBNC
 
The NASDAQ Stock Market,
LLC
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act
    
Yes
  
    
No
  
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Exchange Act
    
Yes
  
    
No
  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
    
Yes
  
    
No
  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation
S-T
(§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes  
    No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a
non-accelerated
filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule
12b-2
of the Exchange Act.
             
Large Accelerated Filer
 
 
Accelerated Filer
 
             
Non-Accelerated
Filer
 
 
Smaller Reporting Company
 
             
Emerging Growth Company
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule
12b-2
of the Exchange Act).    Yes  
    No  
The aggregate market value of the registrant’s common stock held by
non-affiliates
of the registrant, based on the last sale price of such stock as of June 28, 2019, the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter, was approximately $633.4 million.
As of February 27, 2020, the registrant had 44,882,894 shares of common stock outstanding.
Documents Incorporated by Reference
     
Document
 
Part of Form
10-K
into which
portion of document is incorporated
Portions of the Registrant’s Proxy Statement to be filed for its
 
Part III
May 7, 2020 annual meeting of shareholders
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Horizon Bancorp, Inc.
2019 Annual Report on Form
10-K
Table of Contents
 
 
 
             
 
 
Page
 
 
 
3
 
 
 
 
 
Item 1
 
 
 
4
 
Item 1A
 
 
 
23
 
Item 1B
 
 
 
34
 
Item 2
 
 
 
35
 
Item 3
 
 
 
35
 
Item 4
 
 
 
35
 
Special Item:
 
 
 
35
 
 
 
 
 
Item 5
 
 
 
36
 
Item 6
 
 
 
39
 
Item 7
 
 
 
40
 
Item 7A
 
 
 
63
 
Item 8
 
 
 
64
 
Item 9
 
 
 
139
 
Item 9A
 
 
 
139
 
Item 9B
 
 
 
139
 
 
 
 
 
Item 10
 
 
 
140
 
Item 11
 
 
 
140
 
Item 12
 
 
 
141
 
Item 13
 
 
 
141
 
Item 14
 
 
 
141
 
 
 
 
 
Item 15
 
 
 
141
 
Item 16
 
 
 
144
 
 
 
 
145
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2

Horizon Bancorp, Inc.
2019 Annual Report on Form
10-K
FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
A cautionary note about forward-looking statements:
In addition to historical information, information included and incorporated by reference in this Annual Report on Form
10-K
contains certain “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the federal securities laws. Horizon Bancorp, Inc. (“Horizon”) intends such forward-looking statements to be covered by the safe harbor provisions for forward-looking statements contained in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and is including this statement for purposes of invoking those safe-harbor provisions. Forward-looking statements can include statements about estimated cost savings, plans and objectives for future operations and expectations about Horizon’s financial and business performance as well as economic and market conditions. They often can be identified by the use of words such as “expect,” “may,” “likely,” “could,” “should,” “will,” “intend,” “project,” “estimate,” “believe,” “anticipate,” “seek,” “plan,” “goals,” “strategy,” “future” and variations of such words and similar expressions.
Horizon may include forward-looking statements in filings it makes with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”), such as this Form
10-K,
in other written materials, and in oral statements made by senior management to analysts, investors, representatives of the media and others. Horizon intends that these forward-looking statements speak only as of the date they are made, and Horizon undertakes no obligation to update any forward-looking statement to reflect events or circumstances after the date on which the forward-looking statement is made or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events.
Although management believes that the expectations reflected in forward-looking statements are reasonable, actual results may differ materially, whether adversely or positively, from the expectations of Horizon that are expressed or implied by any forward-looking statement. Risks, uncertainties, and factors that could cause Horizon’s actual results to vary materially from those expressed or implied by any forward-looking statement include but are not limited to the following:
  economic conditions and their impact on Horizon and its customers;
 
  changes in the level and volatility of interest rates, spreads on earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities, and interest rate sensitivity;
 
  rising interest rates and their impact on mortgage loan volumes and the outflow of deposits;
 
  loss of key Horizon personnel;
 
  increases in disintermediation, as new technologies allow consumers to complete financial transactions without the assistance of banks;
 
  loss of fee income, including interchange fees, as new and emerging alternative payment platforms (e.g., Apple Pay or Bitcoin) take a greater market share of the payment systems;
 
  estimates of fair value of certain of Horizon’s assets and liabilities;
 
  volatility and disruption in financial markets;
 
  prepayment speeds, loan originations, credit losses and market values, collateral securing loans and other assets;
 
  sources of liquidity;
 
  potential risk of environmental liability related to lending and acquisition activities;
 
  changes in the competitive environment in Horizon’s market areas and among other financial service providers;
 
  legislation and/or regulation affecting the financial services industry as a whole, and Horizon and its subsidiaries in particular, including the effects of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (the “Dodd-Frank Act”) and the adoption of regulations by regulatory bodies under the Dodd-Frank Act;
 
  the impact of whole or partial dismantling of provisions of the Dodd-Frank Act under the current federal administration, including the 2018 Economic Growth, Regulatory Relief, and Consumer Protection Act;
 
  the impact of the Basel III capital rules;
 
  changes in regulatory supervision and oversight, including monetary policy and capital requirements;
 
  changes in accounting policies or procedures as may be adopted and required by regulatory agencies;
 
3

Horizon Bancorp, Inc.
  rapid technological developments and changes;
 
  the risks presented by cyber terrorism and data security breaches;
 
  the rising costs of effective cybersecurity;
 
  containing costs and expenses;
 
  the slowing or failure of economic recovery;
 
  the ability of the U.S. federal government to manage federal debt limits;
 
  the potential influence on the U.S. financial markets and economy from the effects of global warming;
 
  the potential influence on the U.S. financial markets and economy from material changes outside the U.S. or in overseas relations, including changes in U.S. trade relations related to imposition of tariffs, Brexit, and the phase out in 2021 of the London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”);
 
  the risks of expansion through mergers and acquisitions, including unexpected credit quality problems with acquired loans, difficulty integrating acquired operations and material differences in the actual financial results of such transactions compared with Horizon’s initial expectations, including the full realization of anticipated cost savings;
 
You are cautioned that actual results may differ materially from those contained in the forward-looking statements. The “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in Item 7 of this Form
10-K
lists some of the factors that could cause Horizon’s actual results to vary materially from those expressed in or implied by any forward-looking statements. We direct your attention to this discussion.
Other risks and uncertainties that could affect Horizon’s future performance are set forth below in Item 1A, “Risk Factors.”
PART I
ITE
M
 
1.   BUSINESS
The disclosures in this Item 1 are qualified by the disclosures below in Item 1A, “Risk Factors,” and Item 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” and in other cautionary statements set forth elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form
10-K.
General
Horizon Bancorp, Inc. (“Horizon” or the “Company”) is a registered bank holding company incorporated in Indiana and headquartered in Michigan City, Indiana. Horizon provides a broad range of banking services in northern and central Indiana and southern and central Michigan through its bank subsidiary, Horizon Bank (“Horizon Bank” or the “Bank”) and other affiliated entities and Horizon Risk Management, Inc. Horizon operates as a single segment, which is commercial banking. Horizon’s common stock is traded on the NASDAQ Global Select Market under the symbol HBNC. Horizon Bank (formerly known as “Horizon Bank, N.A.”) was a national association until its conversion to an Indiana commercial bank effective June 23, 2017. Prior to that date, Horizon was chartered as a national banking association founded in 1873. The Bank is a full-service commercial bank offering commercial and retail banking services, corporate and individual trust and agency services and other services incident to banking. Horizon Risk Management, Inc. is a captive insurance company incorporated in Nevada and was formed as a wholly owned subsidiary of Horizon.
On March 26, 2019, Horizon completed the acquisition of Salin Bancshares, Inc. (“Salin”), an Indiana corporation, and Horizon Bank’s acquisition of Salin Bank and Trust Company (“Salin Bank”), an Indiana commercial bank and wholly-owned subsidiary of Salin, through mergers effective March 26, 2019. Under the terms of the Merger Agreement, shareholders of Salin received 23,907.5 shares of Horizon common stock and $87,417.17 in cash for each outstanding share of Salin common stock. Salin shares outstanding at the closing to be exchanged were 275, and the shares of Horizon common stock issued to Salin shareholders totaled 6,563,697. The Salin shareholders received cash in lieu of fractional shares. Based upon the March 25, 2019 closing price of $15.65 per share of Horizon common stock immediately prior to the effectiveness of the merger, the transaction has an implied valuation of approximately $126.7 million. As a result of the acquisition, the Company was able to increase its loan and deposit base and expects to reduce costs through economies of scale.
4

Horizon Bancorp, Inc.
On October 17, 2017, Horizon completed the acquisition of Wolverine Bancorp, Inc., a Maryland corporation (“Wolverine”) and Horizon Bank’s acquisition of Wolverine Bank, a federally-chartered savings bank and wholly-owned subsidiary of Wolverine, through mergers effective October 17, 2017. Under the terms of the Merger Agreement, shareholders of Wolverine received 1.5228 shares of Horizon common stock and $14.00 in cash for each outstanding share of Wolverine common stock. Wolverine shares outstanding at the closing to be exchanged were 2,129,331, and the shares of Horizon common stock issued to Wolverine shareholders totaled 3,241,045. Based upon the October 16, 2017 closing price of $19.37 per share of Horizon common stock immediately prior to the effectiveness of the merger, less the consideration used to pay off Wolverine Bancorp’s ESOP loan receivable, the transaction has an implied valuation of approximately $93.8 million. As a result of the acquisition, the Company was able to increase its loan and deposit base and expects to reduce costs through economies of scale.
On September 1, 2017, Horizon completed the acquisition of Lafayette Community Bancorp, an Indiana corporation (“Lafayette”) and the Bank’s acquisition of Lafayette Community Bank, a state-chartered bank and wholly-owned subsidiary of Lafayette, through mergers effective September 1, 2017. Under the terms of the Merger Agreement, shareholders of Lafayette received 0.8817 shares of Horizon common stock and $1.73 in cash for each outstanding share of Lafayette common stock. Lafayette shareholders owning fewer than 100 shares of common stock received $17.25 in cash for each common share. Lafayette shares outstanding at the closing to be exchanged were 1,856,679, and the shares of Horizon common stock issued to Lafayette shareholders totaled 1,636,888. Based upon the August 31, 2017 closing price of $17.45 per share of Horizon common stock immediately prior to the effectiveness of the merger, the transaction has an implied valuation of approximately $34.5 million. As a result of the acquisition, the Company was able to increase its loan and deposit base and expects to reduce costs through economies of scale.
On February 3, 2017, Horizon completed the purchase and assumption of certain assets and liabilities of a single branch of First Farmers Bank & Trust Company, in Bargersville, Indiana. Net cash of $11.0 million was received in the transaction, representing the deposit balances assumed at closing, net of amounts paid for loans acquired in the transaction of $3.4 million and a 3.0% premium on deposits. Customer deposit balances were recorded at $14.8 million and a core deposit intangible of $452,000 was recorded in the transaction which will be amortized over ten years on a straight line basis. There was no goodwill generated in the transaction.
On November 7, 2016, Horizon completed the acquisition of CNB Bancorp, an Indiana corporation headquartered in Attica, Indiana (“CNB”) and the Bank’s acquisition of The Central National Bank and Trust Company (“Central National Bank & Trust”), through mergers effective November 7, 2016. Under terms of the acquisition, shareholders of CNB received merger consideration in the form of cash. The total value of the consideration for the acquisition was $5.3 million. As a result of the acquisition, the Company was able to increase its loan and deposit base and expects to reduce costs through economies of scale.
On July 18, 2016, Horizon completed the acquisition of LaPorte Bancorp, Inc., a Maryland corporation (“LaPorte Bancorp”) and the Bank’s acquisition of The LaPorte Savings Bank, a state-chartered savings bank and wholly owned subsidiary of LaPorte Bancorp, through mergers effective July 18, 2016. Under the terms of the merger agreement, shareholders of LaPorte Bancorp had the option to receive $17.50 per share in cash or 1.4153 shares of Horizon common stock for each share of LaPorte Bancorp’s common stock, subject to allocation provisions to assure that in aggregate, LaPorte Bancorp shareholders received total consideration that consisted of 65% stock and 35% cash. As a result of LaPorte Bancorp stockholder stock and cash elections and the related proration provisions of the merger agreement, Horizon issued 5,132,232 shares of its common stock in the merger. Based upon the July 18, 2016 closing price of $12.24 per share of Horizon common stock, less the consideration used to pay off LaPorte Bancorp’s ESOP loan receivable, the transaction had an implied valuation of approximately $98.6 million. As a result of the acquisition, the Company was able to increase its loan and deposit base and expects to reduce costs through economies of scale.
5

Horizon Bancorp, Inc.
On June 1, 2016, Horizon completed the acquisition of Kosciusko Financial, Inc., an Indiana corporation (“Kosciusko”) and the Bank’s acquisition of Farmers State Bank, a state-chartered bank and wholly owned subsidiary of Kosciusko, through mergers effective June 1, 2016. Under the terms of the merger agreement, shareholders of Kosciusko had the option to receive $81.75 per share in cash or 6.7775 shares of Horizon common stock for each share of Kosciusko’s common stock, subject to allocation provisions to assure that in aggregate, Kosciusko shareholders received total consideration that consisted of 65% stock and 35% cash. Kosciusko shareholders owning fewer than 100 shares of common stock received $81.75 in cash for each common share. As a result of Kosciusko stockholder stock and cash elections and the related proration provisions of the merger agreement, Horizon issued 1,310,145 shares of its common stock in the merger. Based upon the June 1, 2016 closing price of $11.04 per share of Horizon common stock, the transaction had an implied valuation of approximately $23.0 million. As a result of the acquisition, the Company was able to increase its loan and deposit base and expects to reduce costs through economies of scale.
On July 1, 2015, Horizon completed the acquisition of Peoples Bancorp, an Indiana corporation (“Peoples”) and the Bank’s acquisition of Peoples Federal Savings Bank of DeKalb County (“Peoples FSB”), through mergers effective July 1, 2015. Under the terms of the acquisition, the exchange ratio was 2.1375 shares of Horizon common stock and $9.75 in cash for each outstanding share of Peoples common stock. Peoples shareholders owning fewer than 100 shares of common stock received $33.14 in cash for each common share. Peoples shares outstanding at the closing were 2,311,858, and the shares of Horizon common stock issued to Peoples shareholders totaled 4,932,454. Horizon’s stock price was $11.25 per share at the close of business on July 1, 2015. Based upon these numbers, the total value of the consideration for the acquisition was $78.1 million. As a result of the acquisition, the Company experienced, and expects to continue to experience, increases in its deposit base, reductions in transaction costs and reduced costs through economies of scale.
The Bank maintains 74 full service offices and 1 loan production office. At December 31, 2019, the Bank had total assets of $5.2 billion and total deposits of $3.9 billion. The Bank has wholly-owned direct and indirect subsidiaries: Horizon Investments, Inc. (“Horizon Investments”), Horizon Properties, Inc. (“Horizon Properties”), Horizon Insurance Services, Inc. (“Horizon Insurance”), Horizon Grantor Trust, The Loan Store, Inc. and Wolverine Commercial Holdings, LLC. Horizon Investments manages the investment portfolio of the Bank. Horizon Properties manages the real estate investment trust. Horizon Insurance is used by the Company’s Wealth Management to sell certain life insurance products through a third party. Horizon Grantor Trust holds title to certain company owned life insurance policies
.
The Loan Store, Inc. does not presently engage in any business activities. Wolverine Commercial Holdings, LLC currently holds one piece of property but does not otherwise engage in significant business activities.
Horizon formed Horizon Bancorp Capital Trust II in 2004 (“Trust II”) and Horizon Bancorp Capital Trust III in 2006 (“Trust III”) for the purpose of participating in pooled trust preferred securities offerings. The Company assumed additional debentures as the result of the acquisition of Alliance Financial Corporation in 2005, which formed Alliance Financial Statutory Trust I (“Alliance Trust”). The Company also assumed additional debentures as the result of the acquisition of American Trust & Savings Bank (“American”) in 2010, which formed Am Tru Statutory Trust I (“Am Tru Trust”). The Company also assumed additional debentures as the result of the Heartland transaction, which formed Heartland (IN) Statutory Trust II (“Heartland Trust”). In 2016, the Company also assumed additional debentures as the result of the LaPorte Bancorp transaction. LaPorte Bancorp acquired City Savings Financial Corporation in 2007. City Savings Financial Corporation issued the debentures and formed City Savings Statutory Trust I (“City Savings”) in 2003. The Company also assumed additional debentures as the result of the Salin transaction, which formed Salin Statutory Trust I (“Salin Trust”) in 2003. See Note 16 of the Consolidated Financial Statements included at Item 8 for further discussion regarding these previously consolidated entities that are now reported separately.
The business of Horizon is not seasonal to any material degree. No material part of Horizon’s business is dependent upon a single or small group of customers, the loss of any one or more of which would have a materially adverse effect on the business of Horizon. In 2019, revenues from loans accounted for 73.0% of the total consolidated revenue, and revenues from investment securities accounted for 9.8% of total consolidated revenue.
6

Horizon Bancorp, Inc.
Available Information
The Company’s Internet address is www.horizonbank.com. The Company makes available, free of charge through the “About Us—Investor Relations – Documents—SEC Filings” section of its Internet website, copies of the Company’s Annual Report on Form
10-K,
Quarterly Reports on Form
10-Q,
Current Reports on Form
8-K
and any amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, as soon as reasonably practicable after those reports are filed with or furnished to the SEC.
Employees
The Company and its subsidiaries employed approximately 839 full and part-time employees as of December 31, 2019.
Competition
Horizon faces a high degree of competition in all of its primary markets. The Bank’s primary market consists of areas throughout the northern and central regions of the state of Indiana along with the southern and central regions of the state of Michigan. The Bank’s primary market is further defined by the Indiana and Michigan counties identified below. The Bank competes with other commercial banks, savings and loan associations, consumer finance companies, credit unions and other
non-bank
and digital financial service providers. In addition, Financial Technology, or FinTech,
start-ups
are emerging in key banking areas. To a more moderate extent, the Bank competes with Chicago money center banks, mortgage banking companies, insurance companies, brokerage houses, other institutions engaged in money market financial services and certain government agencies. Many
non-financial
institution competitors face fewer regulatory restrictions and have greater capital.
The following table estimates the number of financial institution competitors in Horizon’s primary market areas, along with Horizon’s competitive position in these areas, based on the June 30, 2019 Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”) Deposit Market Share Report (available at
www.fdic.gov
):
                                     
INDIANA
 
MICHIGAN
 
County
 
Number of
Institutions
 
 
Horizon
Market
Share
 
 
County
 
Number of
Institutions
 
 
Horizon
Market
Share
 
Allen
   
21
     
0.68
%  
Berrien
   
9
     
9.21
%
Bartholomew
   
9
     
7.92
%  
Cass
   
5
     
5.84
%
Carroll
   
6
     
27.23
%  
Ingham
   
17
     
2.38
%
Cass
   
6
     
19.91
%  
Kalamazoo
   
15
     
1.58
%
DeKalb
   
11
     
18.69
%  
Kent
   
26
     
0.45
%
Elkhart
   
17
     
0.30
%  
Midland
   
8
     
13.99
%
Fountain
   
4
     
10.40
%  
Ottawa
   
16
     
0.32
%
Grant
   
7
     
9.11
%  
Saginaw
   
13
     
0.89
%
Hamilton
   
27
     
0.29
%  
St. Joseph
   
9
     
5.18
%
Howard
   
10
     
3.83
%  
   
     
 
Johnson
   
19
     
11.92
%  
   
     
 
Kosciusko
   
10
     
5.90
%  
   
     
 
La Porte
   
8
     
59.15
%  
   
     
 
LaGrange
   
4
     
4.79
%  
   
     
 
Lake
   
16
     
1.65
%  
   
     
 
Marion
   
23
     
0.79
%  
   
     
 
Noble
   
6
     
7.17
%  
   
     
 
Porter
   
11
     
11.00
%  
   
     
 
St. Joseph
   
15
     
0.23
%  
   
     
 
Tippecanoe
   
16
     
7.57
%  
   
     
 
Whitley
   
8
     
7.28
%  
   
     
 
 
7

Horizon Bancorp, Inc.
At the time of the FDIC report, Horizon was the largest of the 8 bank and thrift institutions in La Porte County, the largest of the 6 institutions in Carroll County, the second largest of the 20 institutions in Johnson County, the third largest of the 11 institutions in DeKalb County, the third largest of the 6 institutions in Cass County, the fifth largest of the 16 institutions in Tippecanoe County, and the fifth largest of the 11 institutions in Porter County.
In Michigan, Horizon was the second largest of the 7 bank and thrift institutions in Midland County and the fourth largest of the 9 institutions in Berrien County.
Regulation and Supervision
General
As a bank holding company and a financial holding company, the Company is subject to extensive regulation, supervision and examination by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (the “Federal Reserve Board” or “Federal Reserve”) as its primary federal regulator under the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956, as amended (“BHC Act”). The Company is required to file annual reports with the Federal Reserve and provide other information that the Federal Reserve may require. The Federal Reserve may also make examinations and inspections of the Company.
The Bank, as an Indiana-chartered bank, is subject to extensive regulation, supervision and examination by the Indiana Department of Financial Institutions (“DFI”) as its primary state regulator. Also, as to certain matters, the Bank is under the supervision of, and subject to examination by, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”) because the FDIC provides deposit insurance to the Bank and is the Bank’s primary federal regulator.
The supervision, regulation and examination of Horizon and the Bank by the bank regulatory agencies are intended primarily for the protection of depositors rather than for the benefit of Horizon’s shareholders.
Horizon is also subject to the disclosure and regulatory requirements of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, as administered by the SEC. Horizon’s common stock is listed on the NASDAQ Global Select Market under the trading symbol “HBNC,” and Horizon is subject to the NASDAQ rules applicable to listed companies.
Included below is a brief summary of significant aspects of the laws, regulations and policies applicable to Horizon and the Bank. This summary is qualified in its entirety by reference to the full text of the statutes, regulations and policies that are referenced and is not intended to be an exhaustive description of the statutes, regulations and policies applicable to the business of Horizon and the Bank. Also, such statutes, regulations and policies are continually under review by Congress and state legislatures and by federal and state regulatory agencies. A change in statutes, regulations or regulatory policies applicable to Horizon and the Bank could have a material effect on Horizon’s business, financial condition and results of operations.
The Bank Holding Company Act
The BHC Act generally limits the business in which a bank holding company and its subsidiaries may engage to banking or managing or controlling banks and those activities that the Federal Reserve Board has determined to be so closely related to banking as to be a proper incident thereto. Those closely related activities currently can include such activities as consumer finance, mortgage banking and securities brokerage. Certain well-managed and well-capitalized bank holding companies may elect to be treated as a “financial holding company” and, as a result, will be permitted to engage in a broader range of activities that are financial in nature and in activities that are determined to be incidental or complementary to activities that are financial in nature. Horizon has both qualified as, and elected to be, a financial holding company. Activities that are considered financial in nature include securities underwriting and dealing, insurance underwriting and making merchant banking investments.
To commence any new activity permitted by the BHC Act or to acquire a company engaged in any new activity permitted by the BHC Act, each insured depository institution subsidiary of the financial holding company must have received a rating of at least “satisfactory” in its most recent examination under the Community Reinvestment Act. The Federal
8

Horizon Bancorp, Inc.
Reserve Board has the power to order any bank holding company or its subsidiaries to terminate any activity or to terminate its ownership or control of any subsidiary when the Federal Reserve Board has reasonable grounds to believe that continuation of such activity or such ownership or control constitutes a serious risk to the financial soundness, safety or stability of any bank subsidiary of the bank holding company.
Federal Reserve Board policy has historically required bank holding companies to act as a source of financial and managerial strength for their subsidiary banks. The Dodd-Frank Act, which was signed into law on July 21, 2010, codified this policy. Under this requirement, Horizon is required to act as a source of financial strength to the Bank and to commit resources to support the Bank in circumstances in which Horizon might not otherwise do so. For this purpose, “source of financial strength” means Horizon’s ability to provide financial assistance to the Bank in the event of the Bank’s financial distress.
The BHC Act, the Bank Merger Act (which is the popular name for Section 18(c) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act) and other federal and state statutes regulate acquisitions of banks and bank holding companies. The BHC Act requires the prior approval of the Federal Reserve before a bank holding company may acquire more than a 5% voting interest or substantially all the assets of any bank or bank holding company. Banks must also seek prior approval from their primary state and federal regulators for any such acquisitions. In reviewing applications seeking approval for mergers and other acquisition transactions, the bank regulatory authorities will consider, among other things, the competitive effect and public benefits of the transactions, the capital position of the combined organization, the risks to the stability of the U.S. banking or financial system, the applicant’s performance record under the Community Reinvestment Act and the effectiveness of the subject organizations in combating money laundering activities.
Under the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation Improvement Act of 1991 (“FDICIA”), a bank holding company is required to guarantee the compliance of any insured depository institution subsidiary that may become “undercapitalized” (as defined in FDICIA), with the terms of any capital restoration plan filed by such subsidiary with its appropriate federal bank regulatory agency.
Bank holding companies, such as Horizon, and their insured depository institutions, such as the Bank, are subject to various regulatory capital requirements administered by the federal and state regulators. The guidelines establish a systematic analytical framework that makes regulatory capital requirements more sensitive to differences in risk profiles among banking organizations. Risk-based capital ratios are determined by allocating assets and specified
off-balance
sheet commitments to four risk weighted categories, with higher levels of capital being required for the categories perceived as representing greater risk. Recently, the Federal bank regulatory agencies, working jointly, adopted a rule designed to simplify capital requirements for community banks, allowing qualifying community banks to adopt a simple community bank leverage ratio. For an additional discussion of the Company’s regulatory capital ratios and regulatory requirements as of December 31, 2019, please refer to the subsection titled
“Capital Regulation”
in this “Regulation and Supervision” section.
Branching and Acquisitions
Indiana law, the BHC Act and the Bank Merger Act restrict certain types of expansion by the Company and the Bank. The Company and the Bank may be required to apply for prior approval from (or give prior notice and an opportunity for review to) the Federal Reserve, the DFI and the FDIC, and or other regulatory agencies as a condition to the acquisition or establishment of new offices, or the acquisition by merger, purchase or otherwise of the stock, business or assets of other banks or companies.
Under current law, Indiana chartered banks may establish branches throughout the state and in other states, subject to certain limitations. Indiana law also authorizes an Indiana bank to establish one or more branches in states other than Indiana through interstate merger transactions and to establish one or more interstate branches through de novo branching or the acquisition of a branch. The Dodd-Frank Act permits the establishment of de novo branches in states where such branches could be opened by a state bank chartered by that state. The consent of the state in which the new branch will be opened is no longer required.
9

Horizon Bancorp, Inc.
Deposit Insurance and Assessments
The Bank’s deposits are insured to applicable limits by the Deposit Insurance Fund (“DIF”) of the FDIC. Generally, deposits are insured up to the statutory limit of $250,000. Banks are subject to deposit insurance premiums and assessments to maintain the DIF. The FDIC has authority to raise or lower assessment rates on insured banks in order to achieve statutorily required reserve ratios in the DIF and to impose special additional assessments.
The Dodd-Frank Act resulted in significant changes to the FDIC’s deposit insurance system. Under the Dodd-Frank Act, the FDIC is authorized to set the reserve ratio for the DIF at no less than 1.35%, and must achieve the 1.35% designated reserve ratio by September 30, 2020. The FDIC must offset the effect of the increase in the minimum designated reserve ratio from 1.15% to 1.35% on insured depository institutions of less than $10 billion and may declare dividends to depository institutions when the reserve ratio at the end of a calendar quarter is at least 1.5%, although the FDIC has the authority to suspend or limit such permitted dividend declarations. The FDIC has set the long term goal for the designated reserve ratio of the deposit insurance fund at 2% of estimated insured deposits.
Also as a consequence of the Dodd-Frank Act, the assessment base for deposit insurance premiums was changed in 2011 from adjusted domestic deposits to average consolidated total assets minus average tangible equity. Tangible equity for this purpose means Tier 1 capital. The initial base assessment rates ranged from
5-35
basis points. For small Risk Category I banks, such as Horizon Bank, the rates ranged from
5-9
basis points. Adjustments are made to the initial assessment rates based on long-term unsecured debt, depository institution debt, and brokered deposits.
Effective as of June 30, 2016, the reserve ratio reached 1.15% and a new assessment rate schedule became effective July 1, 2016, with rates ranging from 3 to 30 basis points instead of 5 to 35 basis points. Assessment rates for all established smaller banks will be determined using financial measures and supervisory ratings derived from a statistical model estimating the probability of failure over three years. The new pricing system eliminates risk categories, but establishes minimum and maximum assessment rates for established small banks based on a bank’s CAMELS composite ratings (
i.e.
, capital adequacy, asset quality, management, earnings, liquidity and sensitivity).
The FDIC may terminate the deposit insurance of any insured depository institution if the FDIC determines, after a hearing, that the institution has engaged or is engaging in unsafe or unsound practices, is in an unsafe and unsound condition to continue operations or has violated any applicable law, regulation, order or any condition imposed in writing by, or written agreement with, the FDIC. The FDIC may also suspend deposit insurance temporarily during the hearing process for a permanent termination of insurance if the institution has no tangible capital.
FDIC-insured institutions have also been subject to the requirement to pay assessments to the FDIC to fund interest payments on bonds issued by the Financing Corporation (“FICO”), an agency of the Federal government established to recapitalize the insolvent Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation, an early predecessor of the DIF. The FICO bonds were scheduled to be repaid between 2017 and 2019, and the last FICO assessment on institutions like Horizon Bank was collected on the March 29, 2019, FDIC Quarterly Certified Statement Invoice.
Transactions with Affiliates and Insiders
Horizon and the Bank are subject to the Federal Reserve Act, which restricts financial transactions between banks, affiliated companies and their executive officers, including limits on credit transactions between these parties. The statute prescribes terms and conditions in order for bank affiliate transactions to be deemed to be consistent with safe and sound banking practices, and it also restricts the types of collateral security permitted in connection with a bank’s extension of credit to an affiliate. In general, extensions of credit (i) must be made on substantially the same terms, including interest rates and collateral, and subject to credit underwriting procedures that are at least as stringent as those prevailing at the time for comparable transactions with
non-affiliates,
and (ii) must not involve more than the normal risk of repayment or present other unfavorable features.
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Horizon Bancorp, Inc.
Capital Regulation
The federal bank regulatory authorities have adopted risk-based capital guidelines for banks and bank holding companies that are designed to make regulatory capital requirements more sensitive to differences in risk profiles among banks and bank holding companies and account for
off-balance
sheet items. Generally, to satisfy the capital requirements, the Company must maintain capital sufficient to meet both risk-based asset ratio tests and a leverage ratio test on a consolidated basis. Risk-based capital ratios are determined by allocating assets and specified
off-balance
sheet commitments into various risk-weighted categories, with higher weighting assigned to categories perceived as representing greater risk. A risk-based ratio represents the applicable measure of capital divided by total risk-weighted assets. The leverage ratio is a measure of the Company’s core capital divided by total assets adjusted as specified in the guidelines.
The capital guidelines divide a bank holding company’s or bank’s capital into two tiers. The first tier (“Tier I”) includes common equity, certain
non-cumulative
perpetual preferred stock and minority interests in equity accounts of consolidated subsidiaries, less goodwill and certain other intangible assets (except mortgage servicing rights and purchased credit card relationships, subject to certain limitations). Supplementary capital (“Tier II”) includes, among other items, cumulative perpetual and long-term limited-life preferred stock, mandatory convertible securities, certain hybrid capital instruments, term subordinated debt and the allowance for loan and lease losses, subject to certain limitations, less required deductions. The regulations also require the maintenance of a leverage ratio designed to supplement the risk-based capital guidelines. This ratio is computed by dividing Tier I capital, net of all intangibles, by the quarterly average of total assets. Pursuant to the regulations, banks must maintain capital levels commensurate with the level of risk, including the volume and severity of problem loans to which they are exposed.
Effective January 1, 2015 (subject to certain
phase-in
provisions through January 1, 2019), the Company became subject to federal banking rules implementing changes arising from Dodd-Frank and the U.S. Basel Committee on Banking Supervision, providing a capital framework for all U.S. banks and bank holding companies (“Basel III”). Basel III increased the minimum requirements for both the quantity and quality of capital held by Horizon and the Bank. The rules include a common equity Tier 1 capital ratio of 4.5%, a minimum Tier 1 capital ratio of 6.0% (increased from 4.0%), a total capital ratio of 8.0% (unchanged from prior rules) and a minimum leverage ratio of 4.0%. The rules also require a common equity Tier 1 capital conservation buffer of 2.5% of risk-weighted assets, which is in addition to the other minimum risk-based capital standards in the rule. Institutions that do not maintain the required capital conservation buffer will become subject to progressively more stringent limitations on the percentage of earnings that can be paid out in dividends or used for stock repurchases and on the payment of certain bonuses to senior executive management. The capital conservation buffer requirement was phased in over three years beginning in 2016 at 0.625% of risk-weighted assets and increased each year until fully implemented at 2.5% on January 1, 2019. The capital conservation buffer requirement effectively raises the minimum required common equity Tier 1 capital ratio to 7.0%, the Tier 1 capital ratio to 8.5% and the total capital ratio to 10.5%.
Basel III also introduced other changes, including an increase in the capital required for certain categories of assets, including higher-risk construction real estate loans and certain exposures related to securitizations. Banking organizations with less than $15 billion in assets as of December 31, 2010, such as Horizon, are permitted to retain
non-qualifying
Tier 1 capital trust preferred securities issued prior to May 19, 2010, subject generally to a limit of 25% of Tier 1 capital.
In May 2018, the Economic Growth, Regulatory Relief, and Consumer Protection Act (the “Regulatory Relief Act”) was enacted, to modify or remove certain financial reform rules and regulations, including some implemented under the Dodd-Frank Act. As directed by the Regulatory Relief Act, in October 2019, federal banking regulators established a “Community Bank Leverage Ratio” to replace the leverage and risk-based regulatory capital ratios for qualifying community banking organizations that choose to opt in to the new framework. Any qualifying depository institution or its holding company that exceeds the “Community Bank Leverage Ratio” of 9% will be considered to have met generally applicable leverage and risk-based regulatory capital ratios, and any qualifying depository institution that exceeds the new ratio will be considered to be “well-capitalized” under the prompt correction action rules.
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Horizon Bancorp, Inc.
The federal banking regulators also adopted additional capital simplification rules effective for 2020. The capital simplifications rules increase the individual regulatory limit for mortgage servicing assets and certain deferred tax assets, remove the aggregate 15% common equity Tier 1 capital threshold deduction, streamline the treatment for investments in the capital of unconsolidated financial institutions, and simplify the calculation for minority interest limitations for non-advanced approaches banking organizations.
Horizon’s management believes that, as of December 31, 2019, Horizon and the Bank met all capital adequacy requirements under the Basel III capital rules currently in effect.
The following is a summary of Horizon’s and the Bank’s regulatory capital and capital requirements at December 31, 2019.
                                                                 
 
Actual
   
Required for Capital
1

Adequacy Purposes
   
Required For Capital
1

Adequacy Purposes
with Capital Buffer
   
Well Capitalized
Under Prompt
1

Corrective Action
Provisions
 
December 31, 2019
 
Amount
 
 
Ratio
 
 
Amount
 
 
Ratio
 
 
Amount
 
 
Ratio
 
 
Amount
 
 
Ratio
 
Total capital
1
(to risk-weighted assets)
   
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
 
Consolidated
  $
548,364
     
13.95
%   $
314,395
     
8.00
%   $
412,644
     
10.50
%    
N/A
     
N/A
 
Bank
   
497,227
     
12.65
%    
314,452
     
8.00
%    
412,718
     
10.50
%   $
393,065
     
10.00
%
Tier 1 capital
1
(to risk-weighted assets)
   
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
 
Consolidated
   
530,643
     
13.50
%    
235,796
     
6.00
%    
334,044
     
8.50
%    
N/A
     
N/A
 
Bank
   
479,506
     
12.20
%    
235,823
     
6.00
%    
334,082
     
8.50
%    
314,430
     
8.00
%
Common equity tier 1 capital
1
(to risk-weighted assets)
   
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
 
Consolidated
   
473,150
     
12.04
%    
176,846
     
4.50
%    
275,094
     
7.00
%    
N/A
     
N/A
 
Bank
   
479,506
     
12.20
%    
176,867
     
4.50
%    
275,126
     
7.00
%    
255,475
     
6.50
%
Tier 1 capital
1
(to average assets)
   
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
 
Consolidated
   
530,643
     
10.50
%    
202,111
     
4.00
%    
202,111
     
4.00
%    
N/A
     
N/A
 
Bank
   
479,506
     
9.49
%    
202,110
     
4.00
%    
202,110
     
4.00
%    
252,638
     
5.00
%
1
As defined by regulatory agencies
The Dodd-Frank Act also requires the Federal Reserve to set minimum capital levels for bank holding companies that are as stringent as those required for insured depository subsidiaries, except that bank holding companies with less than $1 billion in assets are exempt from these capital requirements.
Dividends
Horizon is a legal entity separate and distinct from the Bank. The primary source of Horizon’s cash flow, including cash flow to pay dividends on its common stock, is the payment of dividends to Horizon by the Bank. Under Indiana law, the Bank may pay dividends of so much of its undivided profits (generally, earnings less losses, bad debts, taxes and other operating expenses) as is considered appropriate by the Bank’s Board of Directors. However, the Bank must obtain the approval of the DFI for the payment of a dividend if the total of all dividends declared by the Bank during the current year, including the proposed dividend, would exceed the sum of retained net income for the year to date plus its retained net income for the previous two years. For this purpose, “retained net income” means net income as calculated for call report purposes, less all dividends declared for the applicable period. The Bank is generally exempt from this DFI
pre-approval
process for dividends if (i) the Bank has been assigned a composite uniform financial institutions rating of 1 or 2 as a result of the most recent federal or state examination; (ii) the proposed dividend will not result in a Tier 1 leverage ratio below 7.5%; and (iii) the Bank is not subject to any corrective action, supervisory order, supervisory agreement or board approved operating agreement.
The FDIC has the authority to prohibit the Bank from paying dividends if, in its opinion, the payment of dividends would constitute an unsafe or unsound practice in light of the financial condition of the Bank.
In addition, under Federal Reserve supervisory policy, a bank holding company generally should not maintain its existing rate of cash dividends on common shares unless (i) the organization’s net income available to common shareholders over the past year has been sufficient to fully fund the dividends and (ii) the prospective rate of earnings retention appears
12

Horizon Bancorp, Inc.
consistent with the organization’s capital needs, assets, quality and overall financial condition. The Federal Reserve issued a letter dated February 24, 2009, to bank holding companies informing them that it expects bank holding companies to consult with it in advance of declaring dividends that could raise safety and soundness concerns (
i.e.
, such as when the dividend is not supported by earnings or involves a material increase in the dividend rate) and in advance of repurchasing shares of common stock or preferred stock. Although the effect of this letter was revised in December 2015 to become inapplicable to certain large U.S. bank holding companies (generally, those with at least $50 billion in average total consolidated assets), the guidance remains effective for bank holding companies like Horizon.
Prompt Corrective Regulatory Action
Under FDICIA, federal banking regulatory authorities are required to take regulatory enforcement actions known as “prompt corrective action” with respect to depository institutions that do not meet minimum capital requirements. The extent of the regulators’ powers depends on whether the institution in question is categorized as “well capitalized,” “adequately capitalized,” “undercapitalized,” “significantly undercapitalized,” or “critically undercapitalized,” as defined by regulation. Depending upon the capital category to which an institution is assigned, the regulators’ corrective powers include: (i) requiring the submission of a capital restoration plan; (ii) placing limits on asset growth and restrictions on activities; (iii) requiring the institution to issue additional capital stock (including additional voting stock) or to be acquired; (iv) restricting transactions with affiliates; (v) restricting the interest rate the institution may pay on deposits; (vi) ordering a new election of directors of the institution; (vii) requiring that senior executive officers or directors be dismissed; (viii) prohibiting the institution from accepting deposits from correspondent banks; (ix) requiring the institution to divest certain subsidiaries; (x) prohibiting the payment of principal or interest on subordinated debt; and (xi) ultimately, for critically undercapitalized institutions, appointing a receiver for the institution.
New prompt corrective action requirements that became effective January 1, 2015, increased the capital level requirements necessary to qualify as “well capitalized.” At December 31, 2019, the Bank was categorized as “well capitalized,” meaning that the Bank’s total risk-based capital ratio exceeded 10%, the Bank’s Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio exceeded 8%, the Bank’s common equity Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio exceeded 6.5%, the Bank’s leverage ratio exceeded 5%, and the Bank was not subject to a regulatory order, agreement or directive to meet and maintain a specific capital level for any capital measure.
Banking regulators may change these capital requirements from time to time, depending on the economic outlook generally and the outlook for the banking industry. The Company is unable to predict whether and when any such further capital requirements would be imposed and, if so, to what levels and on what schedule.
Anti-Money Laundering – The USA Patriot Act and the Bank Secrecy Act
Horizon is subject to the provisions of the USA PATRIOT Act of 2001, which contains anti-money laundering and financial transparency laws and requires financial institutions to implement additional policies and procedures to address money laundering, suspicious activities and currency transaction reporting, and currency crimes. The regulations promulgated under the USA PATRIOT Act of 2001 require financial institutions such as the Bank to adopt controls to detect, prevent and report money laundering and terrorist financing and to verify the identities of their customers.
The Bank Secrecy Act of 1970, which was amended to incorporate certain provisions of the USA PATRIOT Act of 2001, also focuses on combating money laundering and terrorist financing and requires financial institutions to develop policies, procedures and practices to prevent, detect and deter these activities, including customer identification programs and procedures for filing suspicious activity reports. Banks had until May 2018 at the latest to update their policies with respect to new customer due diligence regulations adopted by the U.S. Department of the Treasury under the Bank Secrecy Act. During 2018, Horizon Bank implemented the Fifth Pillar of the Bank Secrecy Act (“BSA”) which focuses on identifying beneficial ownership. The BSA officer and BSA analysts incorporated these enhanced due diligence requirements into the Bank’s policies, procedures and training programs in 2018.
Failure to maintain and implement adequate programs to combat money laundering and terrorist financing, or to comply with all of the relevant laws or regulations relating thereto, could have serious legal and reputational consequences for Horizon and the Bank.
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Horizon Bancorp, Inc.
Federal Securities Law and NASDAQ
The shares of common stock of Horizon have been registered with the SEC under the Securities Exchange Act (the “1934 Act”). Horizon is subject to the information, proxy solicitation, insider trading restrictions and other requirements of the 1934 Act and the rules of the SEC promulgated thereunder.
Shares of common stock held by persons who are affiliates of Horizon may not be resold without registration unless sold in accordance with the resale restrictions of Rule 144 under the Securities Act of 1933. If Horizon meets the current public information requirements under Rule 144, each affiliate of Horizon who complies with the other conditions of Rule 144 (including those that require the affiliate’s sale to be aggregated with those of certain other persons) would be able to sell in the public market, without registration, a number of shares not to exceed, in any three-month period, the greater of (i) 1% of the outstanding shares of Horizon or (ii) the average weekly volume of trading in such shares during the preceding four calendar weeks.
Under the Dodd-Frank Act, Horizon is required to provide its shareholders an opportunity to vote on the executive compensation payable to its named executive officers and on golden parachute payments in connection with mergers and acquisitions. These votes are
non-binding
and advisory. At least once every six years, Horizon must also permit shareholders to determine, on an advisory basis, whether such votes on executive compensation (called “say on pay” votes) should be held every one, two, or three years. In both 2012 and 2018, Horizon’s shareholders voted in favor of presenting the executive compensation “say on pay” question every year.
Shares of common stock of Horizon are listed on The NASDAQ Global Select Market under the trading symbol “HBNC,” and Horizon is subject to the rules of NASDAQ for listed companies.
Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
Horizon is subject to the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (the “Sarbanes-Oxley Act”), which revised the laws affecting corporate governance, accounting obligations and corporate reporting. The Sarbanes-Oxley Act applies to all companies with equity or debt securities registered under the 1934 Act. In particular, the Sarbanes-Oxley Act established: (i) new requirements for audit committees, including independence, expertise and responsibilities; (ii) additional responsibilities regarding financial statements for the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer of the reporting company; (iii) new standards for auditors and regulation of audits; (iv) increased disclosure and reporting obligations for the reporting company and its directors and executive officers; and (v) new and increased civil and criminal penalties for violation of the securities laws.
Pursuant to the final rules adopted by the SEC to implement Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, Horizon is required to include in each Form
10-K
it files a report of management on Horizon’s internal control over financial reporting. The internal control report must include a statement of management’s responsibility for establishing and maintaining adequate control over financial reporting of Horizon, identify the framework used by management to evaluate the effectiveness of Horizon’s internal control over financial reporting and provide management’s assessment of the effectiveness of Horizon’s internal control over financial reporting. This Annual Report on Form
10-K
also includes an attestation report issued by Horizon’s registered public accounting firm on Horizon’s internal control over financial reporting.
14

Horizon Bancorp, Inc.
Financial System Reform – The Dodd-Frank Act, the CFPB and the 2018 Regulatory Relief Act
The Dodd-Frank Act, which was signed into law in 2010, significantly changed the regulation of financial institutions and the financial services industry. The Dodd-Frank Act includes provisions affecting large and small financial institutions alike, including several provisions that have profoundly affected how community banks, thrifts, and small bank and thrift holding companies are regulated. Among other things, these provisions eliminated the Office of Thrift Supervision and transferred its functions to the other federal banking agencies, relaxed rules regarding interstate branching, allowed financial institutions to pay interest on business checking accounts, changed the scope of federal deposit insurance coverage and imposed new capital requirements on bank and thrift holding companies.
The Dodd-Frank Act created the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (“CFPB”) as an independent bureau within the Federal Reserve System with broad rulemaking, supervisory and enforcement powers under various federal consumer financial protection laws, including the Equal Credit Opportunity Act, Truth in Lending Act, Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act, Fair Credit Reporting Act, Fair Debt Collection Practices Act, the Consumer Financial Privacy provisions of the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act and certain other statutes. In July 2011, many of the consumer financial protection functions formerly assigned to the federal banking and other designated agencies were transferred to the CFBP. The CFBP has a large budget and staff, and has the authority to implement regulations under federal consumer protection laws and enforce those laws against financial institutions. The CFPB has examination and primary enforcement authority over depository institutions with $10 billion or more in assets. Smaller institutions are subject to rules promulgated by the CFPB but continue to be examined and supervised by the federal banking regulators for consumer compliance purposes. The CFPB also has authority to prevent unfair, deceptive or abusive practices in connection with offering consumer financial products. Additionally, the CFPB is authorized to collect fines and provide consumer restitution in the event of violations, engage in consumer financial education, track consumer complaints, request data, and promote the availability of financial services to underserved consumers and communities.
The CFPB has indicated that mortgage lending is an area of supervisory focus. The CFPB has published several final regulations impacting the mortgage industry, including rules related to
ability-to-repay,
mortgage servicing, escrow accounts, and mortgage loan originator compensation. The
ability-to-repay
rule makes lenders liable if they fail to assess a borrower’s ability to repay under a prescribed test, but also creates a safe harbor for so called “qualified mortgages.” Failure to comply with the
ability-to-repay
rule may result in possible CFPB enforcement action and special statutory damages plus actual, class action, and attorneys’ fees damages, all of which a borrower may claim in defense of a foreclosure action at any time.
The CFPB also amended Regulation C to implement amendments to the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act made by the Dodd-Frank Act. The amendment added a significant number of new information collecting and reporting requirements for financial institutions, most of which became effective as of January 1, 2018.
The Dodd-Frank Act contains numerous other provisions affecting financial institutions of all types, many of which may have an impact on the operating environment of Horizon in substantial and unpredictable ways. Horizon has incurred higher operating costs in complying with the Dodd-Frank Act, and expects these higher costs to continue for the foreseeable future.
In May 2018, the Regulatory Relief Act was enacted to modify or remove certain financial reform rules and regulations, including some of those implemented under the Dodd-Frank Act. While the Regulatory Relief Act maintains most of the regulatory structure established by the Dodd-Frank Act, it amends certain aspects of the regulatory framework for small depository institutions with assets of less than $10 billion and for large banks with assets of more than $50 billion. Many of these changes could result in meaningful regulatory relief for community banks such as Horizon Bank.
Rules promulgated in 2019 pursuant to the Regulatory Relief Act will simplify the regulatory capital calculation and have established a “Community Bank Leverage Ratio” to replace the leverage and risk-based regulatory capital ratios. In addition, the Regulatory Relief Act includes regulatory relief for community banks regarding regulatory examination cycles, call reports, the Volcker Rule (proprietary trading prohibitions), mortgage disclosures and risk weights for certain high-risk commercial real estate loans.
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Horizon Bancorp, Inc.
Horizon’s management will continue to review the status of the rules and regulations adopted pursuant to the Dodd-Frank Act and the Regulatory Relief Act, particularly the Community Bank Leverage Ratio framework, and to assess their probable impact on the business, financial condition and results of operations of Horizon.
Federal Home Loan Bank (“FHLB”) System
The Bank is a member of the FHLB of Indianapolis, which is one of twelve regional FHLBs. Each FHLB serves as a reserve or central bank for its members within its assigned region. The FHLB is funded primarily from funds deposited by banks and savings associations and proceeds derived from the sale of consolidated obligations of the FHLB system. It makes loans to members (
i.e.
, advances) in accordance with policies and procedures established by the Board of Directors of the FHLB. All FHLB advances must be fully secured by sufficient collateral as determined by the FHLB. The Federal Housing Finance Board (“FHFB”), an independent agency, controls the FHLB System, including the FHLB of Indianapolis.
The FHLB imposes various limitations on advances such as limiting the amount of certain types of real estate related collateral to 30% of a member’s capital and limiting total advances to a member. Interest rates charged for advances vary depending upon maturity, the cost of funds to the FHLB of Indianapolis and the purpose of the borrowing.
The FHLBs are required to provide funds for the resolution of troubled savings associations and to contribute to affordable housing programs through direct loans or interest subsidies on advances targeted for community investment and low and moderate income housing projects.
As a member of the FHLB, the Bank is required to purchase and maintain stock in the FHLB of Indianapolis in an amount equal to at least 1% of its aggregate unpaid residential mortgage loans, home purchase contracts, or similar obligations at the beginning of each year. At December 31, 2019, the Bank’s investment in stock of the FHLB of Indianapolis was $22.4 million. For the year ended December 31, 2019, dividends paid by the FHLB of Indianapolis to the Bank on the FHLB stock totaled approximately $1.1 million, for an annualized rate paid in dividends of 5.0%.
Limitations on Rates Paid for Deposits; Restrictions on Brokered Deposits
FDIC regulations restrict the interest rates that less than well-capitalized insured depository institutions may pay on deposits and also restrict the ability of such institutions to accept brokered deposits. These regulations permit a “well capitalized” depository institution to accept, renew or roll over brokered deposits without restriction, and an “adequately capitalized” depository institution to accept, renew or roll over brokered deposits with a waiver from the FDIC (subject to certain restrictions on payments of rates). The regulations prohibit an “undercapitalized” depository institution from accepting, renewing or rolling over brokered deposits. These regulations contemplate that the definitions of “well capitalized,” “adequately capitalized” and “undercapitalized” will be the same as the definitions adopted by the agencies to implement the prompt corrective action provisions of FDICIA. The Bank is a well-capitalized institution, and management does not believe that these regulations have a materially adverse effect on the Bank’s current operations.
Community Reinvestment Act
Under the Community Reinvestment Act (“CRA”), the Bank has a continuing and affirmative obligation consistent with its safe and sound operation to help meet the credit needs of its entire community, including low and moderate income neighborhoods. The CRA does not establish specific lending requirements or programs for financial institutions nor does it limit an institution’s discretion to develop the types of products and services that it believes are best suited to its particular community, consistent with the CRA. The CRA requires the FDIC in connection with its examination of the Bank, to assess its record of meeting the credit needs of its community and to take that record into account in its evaluation of certain applications by the Bank. For example, the regulations specify that a bank’s CRA performance will be considered in its expansion proposals (e.g., branching and acquisitions of other financial institutions) and may be the basis for approving, denying or conditioning the approval of an application. As of the date of its most recent regulatory examination, the Bank was rated “satisfactory” with respect to its CRA compliance.
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Horizon Bancorp, Inc.
Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act, Financial Privacy
The Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act adopted in 1999 (“Gramm-Leach”) was intended to modernize the banking industry by removing barriers to affiliation among banks, insurance companies, the securities industry and other financial service providers. Gramm-Leach was responsible for establishing a distinct type of bank holding company, known as a financial holding company, which is allowed to engage in an expanded range of financial services, including banking, securities underwriting, insurance (both agency and underwriting) and merchant banking. As previously discussed, Horizon has qualified as, and elected to become, a financial holding company under the Gramm-Leach amendments to the BHC Act.
Under Gramm-Leach, federal banking regulators adopted rules limiting the ability of banks and other financial institutions to disclose
non-public
information about consumers to
non-affiliated
third parties. The rules require disclosure of privacy policies to consumers and, in some circumstances, allow consumers to prevent disclosure of certain personal information to
non-affiliated
third parties. The privacy provisions of Gramm-Leach affect how consumer information is transmitted through diversified financial services companies and conveyed to outside vendors.
As a financial institution, the Bank handles a significant amount of sensitive data, including personal information. The Company does not disclose any
non-public
information about any current or former customers to anyone except as permitted by law and subject to contractual confidentiality provisions which restrict the release and use of such information.
We are also subject to guidance from the Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council (“FFIEC”), an interagency body for five federal banking regulators, with respect to such matters as data privacy, disaster recovery and cybersecurity.
Horizon continues to monitor existing and new privacy and data security laws for their impact on Horizon’s business operations and its customers, including the applicability and effect of laws such as the European Union’s comprehensive 2018 General Data Privacy Regulation and the California Consumer Privacy Act that went into effect on January 1, 2020.
Interchange Fees for Debit Cards
Under the Dodd-Frank Act, interchange fees for bank card transactions must be reasonable and proportional to the issuer’s incremental cost incurred with respect to the transaction plus certain fraud related costs. Interchange fees are transaction fees between banks for each bank card transaction, designed to reimburse the card-issuing bank for the costs of handling and credit risk inherent in a bank credit or debit card transaction. Although institutions with total assets of less than $10 billion, like the Bank, are exempt from this requirement, competitive pressures are likely to require smaller depository institutions to reduce fees with respect to these bank card transactions.
Other Regulation
In addition to the matters discussed above, the Bank is subject to additional regulation of its activities, including a variety of consumer protection regulations affecting its lending, deposit and debt collection activities and regulations affecting secondary mortgage market activities. Both federal and state law extensively regulate various aspects of the banking business, such as reserve requirements,
truth-in-lending
and
truth-in-savings
disclosures, equal credit opportunity, fair credit reporting, trading in securities and other aspects of banking operations.
Effect of Governmental Monetary Policies
The Bank’s earnings are affected by domestic economic conditions and the monetary and fiscal policies of the United States government and its agencies. The Federal Reserve’s monetary policies have had, and are likely to continue to have, an important impact on the operating results of commercial banks through its power to implement national monetary policy in order, among other things, to curb inflation or combat a recession. The monetary policies of the Federal Reserve have major effects upon the levels of bank loans, investments and deposits through its open market operations in United States government securities and through its regulation of the discount rate on borrowings of member banks and the reserve requirements against member bank deposits. It is not possible to predict the nature or impact of future changes in monetary and fiscal policies.
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Horizon Bancorp, Inc.
Legislative Initiatives
Additional legislative and administrative actions affecting the banking industry may be considered by the United States Congress, state legislatures and various regulatory agencies. Horizon cannot predict with certainty whether such legislative or administrative action will be enacted or the extent to which the banking industry in general or Horizon and its affiliates in particular will be affected.
BANK HOLDING COMPANY STATISTICAL DISCLOSURES
I.
DISTRIBUTION OF ASSETS, LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY; INTEREST RATES AND INTEREST DIFFERENTIAL
Information required by this section of Securities Act Industry Guide 3 is presented in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” as set forth in Item 7 below, herein incorporated by reference.
II.
INVESTMENT PORTFOLIO
A. The following is a schedule of the amortized cost and fair value of investment securities available for sale and held to maturity.
                                                 
 
December 31, 2019
   
December 31, 2018
   
December 31, 2017
 
(dollars in thousands)
 
Amortized
Cost
 
 
Fair
Value
 
 
Amortized
Cost
 
 
Fair
Value
 
 
Amortized
Cost
 
 
Fair
Value
 
Available for sale
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. Treasury and federal agencies
  $
1,415
    $
1,413
    $
16,815
    $
16,608
    $
19,277
    $
19,052
 
State and municipal
   
396,931
     
405,768
     
210,386
     
209,303
     
148,045
     
149,564
 
Federal agency collateralized mortgage obligations
   
267,272
     
269,252
     
187,563
     
185,003
     
132,871
     
130,365
 
Federal agency mortgage-backed pools
   
145,623
     
146,572
     
183,479
     
178,736
     
211,487
     
208,657
 
Private labeled mortgage-backed pools
   
—  
     
—  
     
—  
     
—  
     
1,650
     
1,642
 
Corporate notes
   
10,848
     
11,771
     
10,666
     
10,698
     
272
     
385
 
                                                 
Total available for sale
   
822,089
     
834,776
     
608,909
     
600,348
     
513,602
     
509,665
 
Total held to maturity
   
207,899
     
215,147
     
210,112
     
208,273
     
200,448
     
201,085
 
                                                 
Total investment securities
  $
1,029,988
    $
1,049,923
    $
819,021
    $
808,621
    $
714,050
    $
710,750
 
                                                 
18

Horizon Bancorp, Inc.
B. The following is a schedule of maturities of each category of available for sale and
held-to-maturity
debt securities and the related weighted-average yield of such securities as of December 31, 2019:
         <