Company Quick10K Filing
Quick10K
China Hgs Real Estate
Closing Price ($) Shares Out (MM) Market Cap ($MM)
$1.01 45 $45
10-Q 2019-03-31 Quarter: 2019-03-31
10-Q 2018-12-31 Quarter: 2018-12-31
10-K 2018-09-30 Annual: 2018-09-30
10-Q 2018-06-30 Quarter: 2018-06-30
10-Q 2018-03-31 Quarter: 2018-03-31
10-Q 2017-12-31 Quarter: 2017-12-31
10-K 2017-09-30 Annual: 2017-09-30
10-Q 2017-06-30 Quarter: 2017-06-30
10-Q 2017-03-31 Quarter: 2017-03-31
10-Q 2016-12-31 Quarter: 2016-12-31
10-K 2016-09-30 Annual: 2016-09-30
10-Q 2016-06-30 Quarter: 2016-06-30
10-Q 2016-03-31 Quarter: 2016-03-31
10-Q 2015-12-31 Quarter: 2015-12-31
10-K 2015-09-30 Annual: 2015-09-30
10-Q 2015-06-30 Quarter: 2015-06-30
10-Q 2015-03-31 Quarter: 2015-03-31
10-Q 2014-12-31 Quarter: 2014-12-31
10-K 2014-09-30 Annual: 2014-09-30
10-Q 2014-06-30 Quarter: 2014-06-30
10-Q 2014-03-31 Quarter: 2014-03-31
10-Q 2013-12-31 Quarter: 2013-12-31
8-K 2019-06-21
8-K 2019-02-14 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2019-01-10 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-09-27 Shareholder Vote
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CARO Carolina Financial 827
XERS Xeris 313
ANY Sphere 3D 5
ARII American Railcar Industries 0
FLLZ Fellazo 0
HGSH 2019-03-31
Part I: Financial Information
Item 1. Interim Financial Statements
Note 1. Organization and Basis of Presentation
Note 2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Note 3. Real Estate Property Development Completed and Under Development
Note 4. Construction Loans
Note 5. Customer Deposits
Note 6. Shareholder's Loans
Note 7. Taxes
Note 8. Commitments and Contingencies
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operation
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosure About Market Risk
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Part Ii: Other Information
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Item 5. Other Information
Item 6. Exhibits
EX-31.1 tv520409_ex31-1.htm
EX-31.2 tv520409_ex31-2.htm
EX-32.1 tv520409_ex32-1.htm

China Hgs Real Estate Earnings 2019-03-31

HGSH 10Q Quarterly Report

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow

10-Q 1 tv520409_10q.htm 10-Q

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10−Q

 

(Mark One)

x      QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2019

 

¨      TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from_______ to ________

 

Commission File Number: 001-34864

 

CHINA HGS REAL ESTATE, INC.

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)

 

Florida   33-0961490
(State or Other Jurisdiction of Incorporation)   (I.R.S. Employer Identification Number)

 

6 Xinghan Road, 19th Floor, Hanzhong City

Shaanxi Province, PRC 723000

 (Address of Principal Executive Offices, Zip Code)

 

+(86) 091 - 62622612

(Registrant’s Telephone Number, including Area Code)

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act during the past 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).  Yes x  No ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer ¨   Accelerated filer ¨
Non-accelerated filer x   Smaller reporting company x
    Emerging growth company ¨

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨

  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ¨  No x

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class:   Trading Symbol(s)   Name of each exchange on which registered:
Common Stock   HGSH   The NASDAQ Capital Market

  

The number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common equity, as of May 14, 2019 is as follows:

 

Class of Securities   Shares Outstanding  
Common Stock, $0.001 par value     45,050,000  

  

 

 

 

 

  

TABLE OF CONTENTS

   

    Page
PART I FINANCIAL INFORMATION 1
     
Item 1. Unaudited Interim Financial Statements 1
  Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets at March 31, 2019 and September 30, 2018 1
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income and Comprehensive Income  for the three and six months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 2
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity for the six months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 3
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the six months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 4
  Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements 5-22
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 23
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk 39
Item 4. Controls and Procedures 40
     
PART II OTHER INFORMATION 41
     
Item 1. Legal Proceedings 41
Item 1A. Risk Factors  
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds 41
Item 3. Defaults upon Senior Securities 41
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures 41
Item 5. Other Information 41
Item 6 Exhibits 41
  Signatures 42

 

 

 

  

PART I: FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. INTERIM FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

  

CHINA HGS REAL ESTATE, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(Unaudited)

  

    March 31,   September 30, 
    2019   2018 
ASSETS          
Current assets:          
Cash  $1,133,688   $3,267,020 
Restricted cash   4,007,053    3,508,557 
Contract receivables   11,597,778    12,582,965 
Real estate property development completed   59,556,146    58,999,178 
Real estate property under development   51,926,234    60,128,554 
Other current assets   1,592,188    1,408,826 
           
Total current assets   129,813,087    139,895,100 
           
Property, plant and equipment, net   694,368    718,366 
Real estate property development completed, net of current portion   1,246,099    1,217,650 
Security deposits   8,490,628    8,296,782 
Real estate property under development, net of current portion   221,272,778    215,431,915 
Due from local government for real estate property development completed   2,903,145    2,836,865 
           
Total Assets  $364,420,105   $368,396,678 
           
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY          
Current liabilities:          
Construction loans  $69,321,433   $55,610,803 
Accounts payables   20,032,294    20,507,128 
Other payables   5,596,567    4,894,774 
Construction deposits   1,932,231    1,879,570 
Contract liabilities   6,250,086    5,844,189 
Customer deposits   18,016,727    20,234,072 
Shareholder loans   2,149,869    2,142,110 
Accrued expenses   3,004,580    3,006,150 
Taxes  payable   14,587,240    15,492,902 
           
Total current liabilities   140,891,027    129,611,698 
           
Deferred tax liabilities   2,443,617    2,068,257 
Tax payable - long term   5,076,682    4,960,779 
Customer deposits, net of current portion   1,646,501    1,914,677 
Construction loans, less current portion   46,646,059    66,885,378 
Construction deposits, net of current portion   1,307,913    1,278,053 
           
Total liabilities   198,011,799    206,718,842 
           
Commitments and Contingencies          
Stockholders' equity          
Common stock, $0.001 par value, 100,000,000 shares authorized, 45,050,000 shares issued and outstanding March 31, 2019 and September 30, 2018   45,050    45,050 
Additional paid-in capital   129,907,805    129,907,805 
Statutory surplus   9,925,794    9,925,794 
Retained earnings   31,628,807    30,803,052 
Accumulated other comprehensive deficit   (5,099,150)   (9,003,865)
Total stockholders' equity   166,408,306    161,677,836 
           
Total Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity  $364,420,105   $368,396,678 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 1 

 

  

CHINA HGS REAL ESTATE, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

(Unaudited)

  

   Three months ended March 31,   Six months ended March 31, 
   2019   2018   2019   2018 
Real estate sales  $9,367,156   $21,906,367   $17,104,352    36,353,938 
Less: Sales tax   (362,846)   (65,064)   (504,957)   (90,280)
Cost of real estate sales   (7,556,593)   (18,118,690)   (13,479,777)   (30,119,231)
Gross profit   1,447,717    3,722,613    3,119,618    6,144,427 
Operating expenses                    
Selling and distribution expenses   104,926    185,593    274,900    502,335 
General and administrative expenses   783,687    654,778    1,254,619    1,012,207 
Total operating expenses   888,613    840,371    1,529,519    1,514,542 
Operating income   559,104    2,882,242    1,590,099    4,629,885 
Interest expense, net   (35,611)   (126,064)   (140,842)   (254,685)
Other expense   (29,010)   -    (302,163)     
Income before income taxes   494,483    2,756,178    1,147,094    4,375,200 
Provision for income taxes   152,938    717,008    321,339    1,130,758 
Net income   341,545    2,039,170    825,755    3,244,442 
Other Comprehensive income                    
Foreign currency translation adjustment   4,083,473    6,344,376    3,904,715    10,073,463 
Comprehensive income  $4,425,018   $8,383,546   $4,730,470    13,317,905 
Basic and diluted income per common share                    
Basic and diluted  $0.01   $0.05   $0.02    0.07 
Weighted average common shares outstanding                    
Basic and diluted   45,050,000    45,050,000    45,050,000    45,050,000 

  

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 2 

 

  

CHINA HGS REAL ESTATE INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

(Unaudited)

 

   Common Stock   Additional   Statutory   Retained   Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
     
   Shares   Amount   Paid-in Capital   Surplus   Earnings   Income (loss)   Total 
Balance at September 30, 2017   45,050,000   $45,050   $129,853,172   $9,142,899   $26,343,030   $(3,494,785)  $161,889,366 
Stock-based Compensation   -    -    29,800    -    -    -    29,800 
Net income for the period   -    -    -    -    3,244,442    -    3,244,442 
Foreign currency translation adjustments   -    -    -    -    -    10,073,463    10,073,463 
Balance at March 31, 2018   45,050,000   $45,050   $129,882,972   $9,142,899   $29,587,472   $6,578,678   $175,237,071 
                                    
Balance at September 30, 2018   45,050,000   $45,050   $129,907,805   $9,925,794   $30,803,052   $(9,003,865)  $161,677,836 
Net income for the period   -    -    -    -    825,755    -    825,755 
Foreign currency translation adjustments   -    -    -    -    -    3,904,715    3,904,715 
Balance at March 31, 2019   45,050,000   $45,050   $129,907,805   $9,925,794   $31,628,807   $(5,099,150)  $166,408,306 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 3 

 

 

CHINA HGS REAL ESTATE, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(Unaudited)

  

   Six  months ended March 31, 
   2019   2018 
Cash flows from operating activities          
Net income  $825,755   $3,244,442 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:          
Deferred tax provision   321,339    380,788 
Depreciation   40,073    29,800 
Stock based compensation   

-

    442,235 
Changes in assets and liabilities:          
Advances to vendors   -    (175,248)
Contract receivables   264,661    (1,481,211)
Real estate property development completed   807,172    14,251,003 
Real estate property under development   8,646,320    (6,492,660)
Other current assets   (147,825)   3,177 
Accounts payables   (937,339)   (5,880,670)
Other payables   577,196    709,012 
Contract liabilities   1,256,887    654,002 
Customer deposits   (2,950,683)   (469,686)
Construction deposits   8,594    (32,745)
Accrued expenses   (57,874)   (198,484)
Taxes payable   (1,189,102)   (793,293)
Net cash provided by operating activities   7,465,174    4,190,462 
           
Cash flow from investing activities          
Purchases of fixed assets   -    (398,269)
Net cash used in investing activities   -    (398,269)
           
Cash flow from financing activities          
Net proceeds (repayments) of shareholder loans   -    (330,130)
Net proceeds (repayments) of bank loans   (9,227,072)   (880,860)
Net cash used in financing activities   (9,227,072)   (1,210,990)
           
Effect of changes of foreign exchange rate on cash and restricted cash   127,062    372,555 
Net increase (decrease) in cash and restricted cash   (1,634,836)   2,953,758 
Cash and restricted cash , beginning of period   6,775,577    4,716,604 
Cash and restricted cash, end of period  $5,140,741   $7,670,362 
Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:          
Interest paid  $3,614,641   $3,008,428 
Income taxes paid  $209,392   $544,678 
           
Reconciliation to amounts on condensed consolidated balance sheets:          
Cash  $1,133,688   $4,323,993 
Restricted  $4,007,053   $3,346,369 
Total cash and restricted cash  $5,140,741   $7,670,362 

  

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 4 

 

  

CHINA HGS REAL ESTATE, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

NOTE 1. ORGANIZATION AND BASIS OF PRESENTATION

 

China HGS Real Estate, Inc. (“China HGS” or the “Company” or “we”, “us”, “our”), through its subsidiaries and variable interest entity (“VIE”), engages in real estate development, and the construction and sales of residential apartments, parking space and commercial properties in Tier 3 and Tier 4 cities and counties in China.

 

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) for interim financial information. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by generally accepted accounting principles for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting only of normal recurring accruals) considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. Operating results For the three and six months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the full year. The information included in this Form 10-Q should be read in conjunction with Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations and the financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2018 filed with the SEC on January 10, 2019.

 

NOTE 2.  SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

Principles of consolidation

 

The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include the financial statements of China HGS Real Estate Inc. (the “Company” or “China HGS”), China HGS Investment Inc. (“HGS Investment”), Shaanxi HGS Management and Consulting Co., Ltd. (“Shaanxi HGS”) and its variable interest entity (“VIE”), Shaanxi Guangsha Investment and Development Group Co., Ltd. (“Guangsha”). All inter-company transactions and balances between the Company and its subsidiaries have been eliminated upon consolidation.

 

Use of estimates

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes, and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements. Estimates are used for, but not limited to, the assumptions and estimates used by management in recognizing development revenue under the percentage of completion method, the selection of the useful lives of property and equipment, provision necessary for contingent liabilities, revenue recognition, taxes and budgeted costs. Management believes that the estimates utilized in preparing its consolidated financial statements are reasonable and prudent. Actual results could differ from these estimates.

 

Fair value of financial instruments

 

The Company follows the provisions of Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures. It clarifies the definition of fair value, prescribes methods for measuring fair value, and establishes a fair value hierarchy to classify the inputs used in measuring fair value as follows:

 

Level 1-Inputs are unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities available at the measurement date.

 

Level 2-Inputs are unadjusted quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar assets and liabilities in markets that are not active, inputs other than quoted prices that are observable, and inputs derived from or corroborated by observable market data.

 

Level 3-Inputs are unobservable inputs which reflect the reporting entity’s own assumptions or what assumptions the market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability based on the best available information.

 

The carrying amounts reported in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets for cash, restricted cash and all other current assets, security deposits for land use rights, loans and all current liabilities approximate their fair value based on the short-term maturity of these instruments. The fair value of the long term customer, construction and security deposits approximate their carrying amounts because the deposits are received in cash. It was impractical to estimate the fair value of the amount due from the local government and the long term other loans payable.

 

 5 

 

  

CHINA HGS REAL ESTATE, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

NOTE 2.  SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)

 

Revenue recognition

 

Most of the Company’s revenue is derived from real estate sales of condominiums and commercial property in the PRC. The majority of the Company’s contracts contain a single performance obligations involving significant real estate development activities that are performed together to deliver a real estate property to customers. Revenues arising from real estate sales are recognized when or as the control of the asset is transferred to the customer. The control of the asset may transfer over time or at a point in time. For the sales of individual condominium units in a real estate development project, the Company has an enforceable right to payment for performance completed to date, revenue is recognized over time by measuring the progress towards complete satisfaction of that performance obligation. Otherwise, revenue is recognized at a point in time when the customer obtains control of the asset.

 

Under percentage completion method, revenue and profit from the sales of long term real estate development properties is recognized by the percentage of completion method on the sale of individual units when all the following criteria are met:

 

a.Construction is beyond a preliminary stage.

b.The buyer is committed to the extent of being unable to require a refund except for non-delivery of the unit or interest.

c.Sufficient units have already been sold to assure that the entire property will not revert to rental property.

d.Sales prices are collectible.

e.Aggregate sales proceeds and costs can be reasonably estimated.

 

If any of the above criteria is not met, proceeds shall be accounted for as deposits until the criteria are met.

 

Under the percentage of completion method, revenues from individual real estate condominium units sold under development and related costs are recognized over the course of the construction period, based on the completion progress of a project. The progress towards complete satisfaction of the performance obligation is measured based on the Company’s efforts or inputs to the satisfaction of the performance obligation, by reference to the contract costs incurred up to the end of reporting period as a percentage of total estimated costs for each contract. In relation to any project, revenue is determined by calculating the ratio of incurred costs, including land use rights costs and construction costs, to total estimated costs and applying that ratio to the contracted sales amounts. Cost of sales is recognized by determining the ratio of contracted sales during the period to total estimated sales value, and applying that ratio to the incurred costs. Current period amounts are calculated based on the difference between the life-to-date project totals and the previously recognized amounts.

 

Any changes in significant judgments and/or estimates used in determining construction and development revenue could significantly change the timing or amount of construction and development revenue recognized. Changes in total estimated project costs or losses, if any, are recognized in the period in which they are determined.

 

Revenue from the sales of completed real estate condominium units is recognized at the time of the closing of an individual unit sale. This occurs when the customer obtains the physical possession, the legal title, or the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the assets and the Company has present right to payment and the collection of the consideration is probable. For municipal road construction projects, fees are generally recognized at the time of the projects are completed.

 

Disaggregation of Revenues

 

Disaggregated revenues was as follows:

 

   For the three months ended March 31, 
   2019   2018 
Revenue recognized  for completed condominium real estate projects  $226,731   $11,121,635 
Revenue recognized for condominium real estate projects under development   9,140,425    10,784,732 
Total  $9,367,156   $21,906,367 

 

 6 

 

  

CHINA HGS REAL ESTATE, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

NOTE 2.  SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)

 

Revenue recognition (continued)

 

   For the six months ended March 31, 
   2019   2018 
Revenue recognized  for completed condominium real estate projects  $976,564    18,962,557 
Revenue recognized for condominium real estate projects under development   16,127,788    17,391,381 
Total  $17,104,352    36,353,938 

 

Contract balances

 

Timing of revenue recognition may differ from the timing of billing and cash receipts from customers. The Company records a contract asset when revenue is recognized prior to invoicing, or a contract liability when cash is received in advance of recognizing revenue. A contract asset is a right to consideration that is conditional upon factors other than the passage of time. Contract assets include billed and billable receivables, which are the Company’s unconditional rights to consideration other than to the passage of time. Contract liabilities include cash collected in excess of revenues. Customer deposit are excluded from contract liabilities.

 

The Company has elected to apply the optional practical expedient for costs to obtain a contract which allows the Company to immediately expense sales commissions (included under selling expenses) because the amortization period of the asset that the Company otherwise would have used is one year or less. Contract assets and liabilities are generally classified as current based on our contract operating cycle.

 

The following table presents the Company’s contract balances As of March 31, 2019 and September 30, 2018.

 

   As of March 31,   As of September 30, 
   2019   2018 
Contract assets          
Cost and earnings in excess of billings  $11,597,778   $12,582,965 
           
Contract liabilities          
Billings in excess of cost and earnings  $6,250,086   $5,844,189 

 

Impact of adoption of ASC 606

 

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606)(“ASU No. 2014-09”). Subsequent to the issuance of ASU 2014-09, the FASB has issued several ASUs such as ASU 2016-08, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Principal versus Agent Considerations (Reporting Revenue Gross versus Net), ASU 2016-10, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Identifying Performance Obligations and Licensing, and ASU 2016-12, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Narrow-Scope Improvements and Practical Expedients among others. These ASUs have the same effective date as ASU 2014-09. All guidance is collectively referred to as ASC 606, which supersedes ASC 605, Revenue Recognition.

 

ASC 606 requires an entity to recognize revenue when it transfers promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. ASC 606 creates a five-step model that requires entities to exercise judgment when considering the terms of the contract(s) which include (i) identifying the contract(s) with the customer, (ii) identifying the separate performance obligations in the contract, (iii) determining the transaction price, (iv) allocating the transaction price to the separate performance obligations, and (v) recognizing revenue when each performance obligation is satisfied. ASC 606 also specifies the accounting for the incremental costs of obtaining a contract and the costs directly related to fulfilling a contract. In addition, ASC 606 requires extensive disclosures.

 

The Company adopted ASC 606 on October 1, 2018 using the modified retrospective approach with no restatement of comparative periods and no cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings recognized as of the date of adoption. As part of the implementation of ASC 606, the Company performed an assessment including identifying revenue streams within the scope of ASC 606, analyzing contracts and reviewing potential changes to its existing revenue recognition accounting policies. A significant portion of the Company’s revenue is derived from development and sales of condominium real estate property in the PRC, with revenue currently recognized using the percentage of completion method. Under the new standard, to recognize revenue over time similar to the percentage of completion method, contractual provisions need to provide the Company with an enforceable right to payment and the Company has no alternative use of the asset. Historically, all contracts executed contained an enforceable right to home purchase payments and the Company had no alternative use of assets, therefore, the adoption of ASC 606 did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

 

 7 

 

  

CHINA HGS REAL ESTATE, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

NOTE 2.  SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)

 

Revenue recognition (continued)

 

The Company provides “mortgage loan guarantees” only with respect to buyers who make down-payments of 20%-50% of the total purchase price of the property. The period of the mortgage loan guarantee begins on the date the bank approves the buyer’s mortgage and we receive the loan proceeds in our bank account and ends on the date the “Certificate of Ownership” evidencing that title to the property has been transferred to the buyer. The procedures to obtain the Certificate of Ownership take six to twelve months (the “Mortgage Loan Guarantee Period”). If, after investigation of the buyer’s income and other relevant factors, the bank decides not to grant the mortgage loan, our mortgage-loan based sales contract terminates and there will be no guarantee obligation. If, during the Mortgage Loan Guarantee Period, the buyer defaults on his or her monthly mortgage payment for three consecutive months, we are required to return the loan proceeds back to the bank, although we have the right to keep the customer's deposit and resell the property to a third party. Once the Certificate of Property has been issued by the relevant government authority, our loan guarantee terminates. If the buyer then defaults on his or her mortgage loan, the bank has the right to take the property back and sell it and use the proceeds to pay off the loan. The Company is not liable for any shortfall that the bank may incur in this event. To date, no buyer has defaulted on his or her mortgage payments during the Mortgage Loan Guarantee Period and the Company has not returned any loan proceeds pursuant to its mortgage loan guarantees.

 

Foreign currency translation

 

The Company’s financial information is presented in U.S. dollars. The functional currency of the Company’s operating subsidiaries is Renminbi (“RMB”), the currency of the PRC. The financial statements of the Company have been translated into U.S. dollars in accordance with ASC 830-30 “Translation of Financial Statements”. The financial information is first prepared in RMB and then is translated into U.S. dollars at year-end exchange rates as to assets and liabilities and average exchange rates as to revenue and expenses. Capital accounts are translated at their historical exchange rates when the capital transactions occurred. The effects of foreign currency translation adjustments are included as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income in stockholders’ equity.

 

   For six months
ended March 31,
   September 30, 
   2019   2018   2018 
Period end RMB : USD exchange rate   6.7112    6.2726    6.8680 
Period average RMB : USD exchange rate   6.8302    6.4823    6.5368 

 

The RMB is not freely convertible into foreign currency and all foreign exchange transactions must take place through authorized institutions. No representation is made that the RMB amounts could have been, or could be, converted into U.S. dollars at the rates used in translation.

 

 8 

 

  

CHINA HGS REAL ESTATE, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

NOTE 2.  SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)

 

Cash

 

Cash includes cash on hand and demand deposits in accounts maintained with commercial banks within the PRC. The Company considers all highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less when purchased to be cash equivalents. The Company maintains bank accounts in the PRC. Cash balances in bank accounts in PRC are not insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or other programs.

 

Restricted Cash

 

The restricted cash is required by the banks as collateral for mortgage loans given to the home buyers before obtaining the certificates of ownership of the properties as collateral. In order to provide the banks with the certificates of ownership, the Company is required to complete certain procedures with the Chinese government, which normally takes six to twelve months. Because the banks provide the loan proceeds to the Company without obtaining certificates of ownership as loan collateral during this six to twelve months’ period, the mortgage banks require the Company to maintain, as restricted cash, 5% to 10% of the mortgage proceeds as security for the Company’s obligations under such guarantees. The restricted cash is released by the banks once they receive the certificates of ownership. These deposits are not covered by insurance. The Company has not experienced any losses in such accounts and management believes its restricted cash account is not exposed to any risks.

 

In November 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-18, Statement of Cash Flows (230): Restricted Cash. The amendments in this Update require that a statement of cash flows explain the change during the period in the total of cash, cash equivalents, and amounts generally described as restricted cash or restricted cash equivalents. This ASU was effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017 and was adopted by the Company on October 1, 2018 on a retrospective basis The amendments in this Update should be applied using a retrospective transition method to each period presented. 

 

Advances to vendors

 

Advances to vendors consist of balances paid to contractors and vendors for services and materials that have not been provided or received and generally relate to the development and construction of residential and commercial units in the PRC. Advances to vendors are reviewed periodically to determine whether their carrying value has become impaired. Historically, the Company has not experienced any losses as a result of these advances.

 

Security deposits for land use rights

 

Security deposits for land use rights consist of the deposit held by the PRC government for the purchase of land use rights and the deposit held by an unrelated party to transfer its land use rights to the Company. The deposits will be reclassified to real estate property under development upon the transfers of legal title.

 

Real estate property development completed and under development

 

Real estate property consists of finished residential unit sites, commercial offices and residential unit sites under development. The Company leases the land for the residential unit sites under land use right leases with various terms from the PRC government. The cost of land use rights is included in the development cost and allocated to each project. Real estate property development completed and real estate property under development are stated at the lower of cost or fair value.

 

Expenditures for land development, including cost of land use rights, deed tax, pre-development costs, and engineering costs, exclusive of depreciation, are capitalized and allocated to development projects by the specific identification method. Costs are allocated to specific units within a project based on the ratio of the sales area of units to the estimated total sales area of the project (or phase of the project) multiplied by the total cost of the project (or phase of the project).

 

Cost of amenities transferred to buyers is allocated to specific units as a component of total construction cost. The amenity cost includes landscaping, road paving, etc. Once the projects are completed, the amenities are under control of the property management companies.

 

 9 

 

  

CHINA HGS REAL ESTATE, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

NOTE 2.  SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)

 

Real estate property development completed and under development

 

Real estate property development completed and real estate property under development are reclassified on the balance sheet into current and non-current portions based on the estimated date of construction completion and sales. The real estate property development completed classification is based on the estimated date that each property is expected to be sold within the Company’s normal operating cycle of the business and the Company’s sales plan. Real estate property development completed is classified as a current asset if the property is expected to be sold within the normal operating cycle of the business. Otherwise, it is classified as a non-current asset. The majority of real estate projects the Company has completed in the past were multi-layer or sub-high-rise real estate projects. The Company considers its normal operating cycle is 12 months.

 

Real estate property development completed and under development are subject to valuation adjustments when the carrying amount exceeds fair value. An impairment loss is recognized only if the carrying amount of the assets is not recoverable and exceeds fair value. The carrying amount is not recoverable if it exceeds the sum of the undiscounted cash flows expected to be generated by the assets. The Company reviewed all of its real estate projects for future losses and impairment by comparing the estimated future undiscounted cash flows for each project to the carrying value of such project. For the three and six months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, the Company did not recognize any impairment for real estate property under development or completed.

 

Capitalization of Interest

 

Interest incurred during and directly related to real estate development projects is capitalized to the related real estate property under development during the active development period, which generally commences when borrowings are used to acquire real estate assets and ends when the properties are substantially complete or the property becomes inactive. Interest is capitalized based on the interest rate applicable to specific borrowings or the weighted average of the rates applicable to other borrowings during the period. Interest capitalized to real estate property under development is recorded as a component of cost of real estate sales when related units are sold. All other interest is expensed as incurred. For the three and six months ended March 31, 2019, the total interest capitalized in the real estate property development was $1,827,172 and $3,546,443, respectively. For the three and six months ended March 31, 2018, the total interest capitalized in the real estate property development was $1,422,579 and $2,800,270, respectively.

 

Impairment of long-lived assets

 

The Company reviews its long-lived assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable through the estimated undiscounted cash flows expected to result from the use and eventual disposition of the assets. Whenever any such impairment exists, an impairment loss will be recognized for the amount by which the carrying value exceeds the fair value.

 

 10 

 

  

CHINA HGS REAL ESTATE, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

NOTE 2.  SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)

 

Assets are grouped and evaluated at the lowest level for their identifiable cash flows that are largely independent of the cash flows of other groups of assets. The Company considers historical performance and future estimated results in its evaluation of potential impairment and then compares the carrying amount of the asset to the future estimated cash flows expected to result from the use of the asset. If the carrying amount of the asset exceeds estimated expected undiscounted future cash flows, the Company measures the amount of impairment by comparing the carrying amount of the asset to its fair value. The estimation of fair value is generally determined by using the asset's expected future discounted cash flows or market value. The Company estimates fair value of the assets based on certain assumptions such as budgets, internal projections, and other available information as considered necessary. There is no impairment of long-lived assets during the three and six months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018.

 

Customer deposits

 

Customer deposits consist of amounts received from customers relating to the sale of residential units in the PRC. In the PRC, customers will generally obtain permanent financing for the purchase of their residential unit prior to the completion of the project. The lending institution will provide the funding to the Company upon the completion of the financing rather than the completion of the project. The Company receives these funds and recognizes them as a liability until the revenue can be recognized. 

 

Property warranty

 

The Company provides its customers with warranties which cover major defects of building structure and certain fittings and facilities of properties sold. The warranty period varies from two years to five years, depending on different property components the warranty covers. The Company continually estimates potential costs for materials and labor with regard to warranty-type claims expected to be incurred subsequent to the delivery of a property. Reserves are determined based on historical data and trends with respect to similar property types and geographical areas. The Company continually monitors the warranty reserve and makes adjustments to its pre-existing warranties, if any, in order to reflect changes in trends and historical data as information becomes available. The Company may seek further recourse against its contractors or any related third parties if it can be proved that the faults are caused by them. In addition, the Company also withholds up to 2% of the contract cost from sub-contractors for periods of two to five years. These amounts are included in construction deposits, and are only paid to the extent that there has been no warranty claim against the Company relating to the work performed or materials supplied by the subcontractors. For the three and six months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, the Company had not recognized any warranty costs in excess of the amount retained from subcontractors and therefore, no warranty reserve is considered necessary at the balance sheet dates.

  

Construction Deposits


Construction deposits are the warranty deposits the real estate contractors provide to the Company upon signing the construction contracts. The Company can use such deposits to reimburse customers in the event of customer claims due to construction defects.  The remaining balance of the deposits are returned to the contractors when the terms of the after-sale property warranty expires, which normally occurs within two to five years after the date of the deposit.

 

 11 

 

  

CHINA HGS REAL ESTATE, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

  

NOTE 2.  SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)

  

Share-based compensation

 

Share-based payment transactions are measured based on the grant-date fair value of the equity instrument issued and recognized as compensation expense over the requisite service period, or vesting period.

 

Forfeitures to be estimated at the time of grant and revised, if necessary, in the subsequent period if actual forfeitures differ from initial estimates. Forfeiture rate is estimated based on historical and future expectation of employee turnover rate and are adjusted to reflect future change in circumstances and facts, if any. Share-based compensation expense is recorded net of estimated forfeitures such that expense was recorded only for those stock options and common stock awards that are expected to vest. 

 

Income taxes

 

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are for the expected future tax consequences of events that have been included in the financial statements or tax returns. Under this method, deferred income taxes are recognized for the tax consequences in future years of differences between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their financial reporting amounts at each period end based on enacted tax laws and statutory tax rates applicable to the periods in which the differences are expected to affect taxable income. Valuation allowances are established, when necessary, to reduce deferred tax assets to the amount expected to be realized.

 

ASC 740-10-25 prescribes a more-likely-than-not threshold for consolidated financial statement recognition and measurement of a tax position taken (or expected to be taken) in a tax return. It also provides guidance on the recognition of income tax assets and liabilities, classification of current and deferred income tax assets and liabilities, accounting for interest and penalties associated with tax positions, years open for tax examination, accounting for income taxes in interim periods and income tax disclosures. There are no material uncertain tax positions as of March 31, 2019 and September 30, 2018. 

 

The Company is a corporation organized under the laws of the State of Florida. However, all of the Company’s operations are conducted solely by its subsidiaries in the PRC. No income is earned in the United States and the management does not repatriate any earnings outside the PRC.  As a result, the Company did not generate any U.S. taxable income For the three and six months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018. As of March 31, 2019, the Chinese entities’ income tax returns filed in China for the years ended December 31, 2018, 2017, 2016, 2015 and 2014 are subject to examination by the Chinese taxing authorities.

 

As of March 31, 2019, the tax years ended September 30, 2010 through September 30, 2018 for the Company’s PRC entities remain open for statutory examination by PRC tax authorities. The parent Company China HGS Real Estate Inc.’s both U.S. federal tax returns and Florida state tax returns are delinquent since 2009. Its tax years ended September 30, 2014 through September 30, 2018 remains open for statutory examination by U.S. federal and state tax authorities.

 

On December 22, 2017, the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (the “Act”) was signed into law making significant changes to the Internal Revenue Code. Changes include, but are not limited to, a U.S. corporate tax rate decrease from 35% to 21% effective for tax years beginning after December 31, 2017, the transition of U.S international taxation from a worldwide tax system to a territorial system, and a one-time transition tax on the mandatory deemed repatriation of cumulative foreign earnings as of December 31, 2017. Due to the complexity involved in applying the provisions of the Tax Act, we made reasonable estimates of the effects and recorded accrued amounts in our consolidated financial statements As of March 31, 2019 and September 30, 2018, including an approximately $2.3 million provision on the deemed repatriation of undistributed foreign earnings and an additional $0.2 million provision for delinquent U.S. and State tax fillings. The Company is in the process of engaging a tax professional to file its delinquent tax returns.

 

 12 

 

  

CHINA HGS REAL ESTATE, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

NOTE 2.  SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)

  

Land appreciation tax (“LAT”)

 

In accordance with the relevant taxation laws in the PRC, the Company is subject to LAT based on progressive rates ranging from 30% to 60% on the appreciation of land value, which is calculated as the proceeds of sales of properties less deductible expenditures including borrowing costs and all property development expenditures. LAT is exempted if the appreciation values do not exceed certain thresholds specified in the relevant tax laws.

 

The whole project must be completed before the LAT obligation can be assessed. Accordingly, the Company should record the liability and the total related expense at the completion of a project unless the tax authorities impose an assessment at an earlier date.  The methods to implement this tax law vary among different geographic areas. Hanzhong, where the project Mingzhu Garden, Nan Dajie and Central Plaza are located, implements this tax rule by requiring real estate companies prepay the LAT based upon customer deposits received. The tax rate in Hanzhong is 1%. Yang County, where the project Yangzhou Pearl Garden and Yangzhou Palace are located, requires a tax rate of 0.5%.

 

Comprehensive income (loss)

 

In accordance with ASC 220-10-55, comprehensive income (loss) is defined as all changes in equity except those resulting from investments by owners and distributions to owners. The Company’s only components of comprehensive income (loss) for the three and six months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 were net income and foreign currency translation adjustments.

 

Basic and diluted earnings per share

 

The Company computes earnings per share (“EPS”) in accordance with the ASC 260, “Earnings per share”, which requires companies to present basic and diluted EPS. Basic EPS is measured as net income divided by the weighted average common shares outstanding for the period. Diluted EPS is similar to basic EPS but presents the dilutive effect on a per share basis of potential common shares (e.g., convertible securities, options and warrants) as if they had been converted at the beginning of the periods presented, or issuance date, if later. Potential common shares that have an anti-dilutive effect (i.e., those that increase income per share or decrease loss per share) are excluded from the calculation of diluted EPS. 

 

 13 

 

  

CHINA HGS REAL ESTATE, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

NOTE 2.  SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)

  

Concentration risk

 

The Company's operations are carried out in the PRC. Accordingly, the Company's business, financial condition and results of operations may be influenced by the political, economic and legal environment in the PRC, and by the general state of the PRC's economy. The Company's operations in the PRC are subject to specific considerations and significant risks not typically associated with companies in North America. The Company's results may be adversely affected by changes in governmental policies with respect to laws and regulations, anti-inflationary measures, currency conversion and remittance abroad, and rates and methods of taxation, among other things. Financial instruments which potentially subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk consist principally of cash and trade accounts receivable. All of the Company’s cash is maintained with state-owned banks within the People’s Republic of China of which no deposits are covered by insurance. The Company has not experienced any losses in such accounts and believes it is not exposed to any risks on its cash in bank accounts

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

On October 31, 2018 the FASB issued new guidance (ASU 2018-17, Consolidation (Topic 810): Targeted Improvements to Related Party Guidance for Variable Interest Entities) that expands the application of a specific private company accounting alternative related to VIEs and changes the guidance for determining whether a decision-making fee is a variable interest. The amendments in the ASU provide that indirect interests held through related parties under common control will be considered on a proportional basis when determining whether fees paid to decision makers and service providers are variable interests. Such indirect interests were previously treated the same as direct interests. The consideration of indirect interests on a proportional basis is consistent with how indirect interests held through related parties under common control are treated when determining if a reporting entity within a related party group is the primary beneficiary of a VIE. The new guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019 and interim periods within those fiscal years. Retrospective adoption is required. Early adoption is permitted, including adoption in an interim period. The Company does not expect this new guidance to have a material impact on our financial position and results of operations.

 

Excepts as mentioned above, the Company does not believe other recently issued but not yet effective accounting standards, if currently adopted, would have a material effect on the Company’s consolidated balance sheets, statements of income and comprehensive income, stockholders’ equity and cash flow.

 

 14 

 

  

CHINA HGS REAL ESTATE, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

NOTE 3. REAL ESTATE PROPERTY DEVELOPMENT COMPLETED AND UNDER DEVELOPMENT

 

The following summarizes the components of real estate property development completed and under development As of March 31, 2019 and September 30, 2018:

 

   Balance as of 
   March 31, 2019   September 30, 2018 
Development completed:          
Hanzhong City Mingzhu Garden Phase I  $670,577   $655,268 
Hanzhong City Mingzhu Garden Phase II   31,141,129    31,096,125 
Hanzhong City Nan Dajie (Mingzhu Xinju)   1,232,842    1,204,695 
Hanzhong City Oriental Pearl Garden   21,821,016    21,397,560 
Yang County Yangzhou Pearl Garden Phase I   1,712,449    1,673,351 
Yang County Yangzhou Pearl Garden Phase II   4,224,232    4,189,829 
Real estate property development completed   60,802,245    60,216,828 
Less:  Real estate property completed – short-term   59,556,146    58,999,178 
Real estate property completed – long-term  $1,246,099   $1,217,650 
Under development:          
Yang County Yangzhou Palace (a)  $51,926,234   $60,128,554 
Hanzhong City Shijin Project   7,217,447    7,052,669 
Hanzhong City Liangzhou Road and related projects (b)   143,504,201    135,011,975 
Hanzhong City Hanfeng Beiyuan East (c)   752,125    734,953 
Hanzhong City Beidajie (e)   64,847,389    67,793,750 
Yang County East 2nd Ring Road (d)   4,951,616    4,838,568 
Real estate property under development   273,199,012    275,560,469 
Less:  Short-term portion   51,926,234    60,128,554 
Real estate property under development –long-term  $221,272,778   $215,431,915 

 

(a)The Company recognized $7,320,041  and $12,574,295  of development cost in cost of real estate sales under the percentage of completion method for the three and six months ended March 31, 2019 (2018-  $9,844,433 and $15,868,225), respectively.

 

(b)

In September 2013, the Company entered into an agreement (“Liangzhou Agreement”) with the Hanzhong local government on the Liangzhou Road reformation and expansion project (Liangzhou Road Project”). Pursuant to the agreement, the Company is contracted to reform and expand the Liangzhou Road, a commercial street in downtown Hanzhong City, with a total length of 2,080 meters and width of 30 meters and to resettle the existing residences in the Liangzhou road area. The government’s original road construction budget was approximately $33 million in accordance with the Liangzhou Agreement. The Company, in return, is being compensated by the local government to have an exclusive right on acquiring at least 394.5 Mu land use rights in a specified location of Hanzhong City. The Liangzhou Road Project’s road construction started at the end of 2013. In 2014, the original scope and budget on the Liangzhou road reformation and expansion project was extended, because the local government included more area and resettlement residences into the project, which resulted in additional investments from the Company. In return, the Company is authorized by the local government to develop and manage the commercial and residential properties surrounding the Liangzhou Road project. As of March 31, 2019, the main Liangzhou road construction is substantially completed and is expected to be approved by the local government in fiscal 2019. 

 

The Company’s development cost incurred on Liangzhou Road Project is treated as the Company’s deposit on purchasing the related land use rights, as agreed by the local government. As of March 31, 2019, the actual costs incurred by the Company were $143,504,201 (September 30, 2018 - $135,011,975) and the incremental cost related to residence resettlement approved by the local government. The Company determined that the Company’s Investment in Liangzhou Road Project in exchange for interests in future land use rights is a barter transaction with commercial substance.

 

 15 

 

  

CHINA HGS REAL ESTATE, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

NOTE 3. REAL ESTATE PROPERTY DEVELOPMENT COMPLETED AND UNDER DEVELOPMENT

 

(c)In September 2012, the Company was approved by the Hanzhong local government to construct four municipal roads with a total length of approximately 1,192 meters. The project was deferred and then restarted during the quarter ended March 31, 2014. As of March 31, 2019, the local government was still in the process of assessing the budget for these projects.

 

(d)The Company was engaged by the Yang County local government to construct the East 2nd Ring Road with a total length of 2.15 km. The local government is required to repay the Company’s project investment costs within 3 years with interest at the interest rate based on the commercial borrowing rate with the similar term published by China construction bank (March 31, 2019 and 2017 - 4.75%). The local government has approved a refund to the Company by reducing local surcharges or taxes otherwise required in the real estate development. The road construction was substantially completed As of March 31, 2019 and in process of government review and approval.

 

As of March 31, 2019 and September 30, 2018, land use rights included in real estate property under development totaled $13,813,956 and $14,749,085, respectively.

 

NOTE 4. CONSTRUCTION LOANS

 

   March 31,
2019
   September 30,
2018
 
Loan A (i)  $98,276,294   $96,472,714 
Loan B (ii)   -    8,736,168 
Loan C (iii)   17,691,198    17,287,299 
    115,967,492    122,496,181 
Less: current maturities of construction loans   69,321,433    55,610,803 
Construction loans – long-term portion  $46,646,059   $66,885,378 

 

 16 

 

  

CHINA HGS REAL ESTATE, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

NOTE 4. CONSTRUCTION LOANS (continued)

 

(i)On June 26, 2015 and March 10, 2016, the Company signed phase I and Phase II agreements with Hanzhong Urban Construction Investment Development Co., Ltd, a state owned Company, to borrow up to $115,478,603 (RMB 775,000,000) for a long term loan at 4.75% interest per year to develop Liangzhou Road Project. As of March 31, 2019, the Company borrowed $98,276,294 under this credit line (September 30, 2018- $96,472,714) with final due date in October 2021. The loan is guaranteed by Hanzhong City Hantai District Municipal Government and pledged by the Company’s Yang County Yangzhou Palace project with carrying value of $51,926,234 as of March 31, 2019 (September 30, 2018- $60,128,554). In addition, the Company was required to provide a security deposit for the loan received. As of March 31, 2019, the security deposits paid were $5,510,535 (September 30, 2018 - $5,384,726) for loans received. For the three and six months ended March 31, 2019, interest paid was $1,685,442 and $3,293,441 (2018- $1,275,874 and $2,512,964), respectively, which was capitalized in to the development cost of Liangzhou road project. Due to local government’s delay in reallocation of residence in Liangzhou Road and related area, the Hanzhong Urban Construction Investment Development Co., Ltd has not released all the funds available in this loan to the Company and the Company’s withdraw will be based on the project’s development progress. The total required loan repayment schedule assuming total loan proceeds are borrowed are listed below:

  

For the periods ended:  Repayment in USD   Repayment in RMB 
March 31, 2019   69,321,432    465,230,000 
March 31, 2020   26,077,304    175,010,000 
March 31, 2021   2,877,558    19,311,860 
Total   98,276,294    659,551,860 

 

(ii)On January 8, 2016, the Company signed a loan agreement with Hanzhong Municipal Housing Provident Fund Management Center (“Housing Fund”) to borrow up to $11,920,372 (RMB 80,000,000) on development of Oriental Garden related projects. The loan carries interest at 3.575% per year and is due in January 2019. The Company fully repaid the loan upon maturity. The Company’s major shareholder Mr. Xiaojun Zhu pledged his personal assets as collateral for the loan. The Company has received all the proceeds from Housing Fund. The progress repayment was required based on certain sales milestones or a fixed repayment schedule starting in July 2018. The Housing Fund has rights to monitor the project’s future cash flow. For the three months and six ended March 31, 2019, total interest was $11,520 and $61,501 (2018 - $112,506 and $221,826), respectively, which was included in the interest expense, because the related Oriental Garden project was completed in fiscal year 2016. The loan has been fully repaid on January 16, 2019.

 

 17 

 

  

CHINA HGS REAL ESTATE, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

NOTE 4. CONSTRUCTION LOANS (continued)

 

(iii)In December 2016, the Company signed a loan agreement with Hantai District Urban Construction Investment Development Co., Ltd, a state owned Company, to borrow up to $17,731,553 (RMB 119,000,000) for the development of Hanzhong City Liangzhou Road project. As of March 31, 2019, the balance of loan was $17,691,198. The loan carries interest at a fixed interest of 1.2% and is due on June 20, 2031. The Company is required to repay the loan by equal annual principal repayment of $3,546,311 from December 2027 through June 2031. The Company pledged the assets of Liangzhou Road related projects with carrying value of $143,504,201 as collateral for the loan. Total interest of $52,856 and $105,116 for the three and six months ended March 31, 2019, (2018 -  $56,174 and $110,758) respectively, were capitalized in to the development cost of Hanzhong City Liangzhou Road project.

 

Additionally, in September 2017, the Urban Development Center Co., Ltd. approved a construction loan for the Company in the amount of $26,075,814 (RMB 175,000,000) with an annual interest rate of 1.2% per year in connection with the Liangzhou Road and related Project. The Company is required to repay the loan by equal annual principal repayment of $5,215,163 from December 2027 through May 2031. The amount of this loan is available to be drawn down as soon as the land use rights of the Liangzhou Road is approved and the construction starts, which is expected to begin in the 2019. Interest charge for three and six months ended March 31, 2019 was $77,810 and $154,583 (2018-$82,609 and $162,880), respectively, which was included in the construction capitalized costs.

 

NOTE 5. CUSTOMER DEPOSITS

 

Customer deposits consist of amounts received from customers for the pre-sale of residential units in the PRC. The detail of customer deposits is as follows:

 

   March 31,
2019
   September 30,
2018
 
Customer deposits by real estate projects          
Mingzhu Garden (Mingzhu Nanyuan and Mingzhu Beiyuan)  $8,405,175   $8,246,058 
Oriental Pearl Garden   4,878,889    4,648,784 
Liangzhou road and related projects   1,646,501    1,914,677 
Yang County Pearl Garden   1,008,996    997,312 
Yang County Palace   3,723,667    6,341,918 
           
Total   19,663,228    22,148,749 
Less: Customer deposits - short-term   18,016,727    20,234,072 
Customer deposits - long-term  $1,646,501   $1,914,677 

 

Customer deposits are typically 10% - 20% of the unit price for those customers who purchase properties in cash and 30%-50% of the unit price for those customers who purchase properties with mortgages. Buyers with mortgage loans pay customer deposits. The banks provide the balance of the funding to the Company upon consummation of the sales. The banks hold the properties as collateral for customers’ mortgage loans. If the customers default, the bank will repossess the collateral properties. Except during the Mortgage Loan Guarantee Period of approximately six to twelve months, the banks have no recourse to the Company for customers’ defaults. As of March 31, 2019 and September 30, 2018, approximately $4.0 million and $3.5 million was guaranteed by the Company, respectively.

 

 18 

 

  

CHINA HGS REAL ESTATE, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

NOTE 6. SHAREHOLDER’S LOANS

 

   As of 
   March 31,
 2019
   September 30,
 2018
 
Shareholder loan – USD loan (a)  $1,810,000   $1,810,000 
Shareholder loan – RMB loan (b)   339,869    332,110 
Total  $2,149,869   $2,142,110 

 

a.The Company has a one year loan agreement (“USD Loan Agreement”) with our Chairman, CEO and major shareholder, pursuant to which the Company borrowed $1,810,000 to make a capital injection into Shaanxi HGS, the Company’s subsidiary. The interest rate for the loan is 4% per annum and the loan matured on July 19, 2014. The Company entered into the amendments to the USD Loan Agreement to extend the term until July 31, 2019. The Company recorded interest of $18,100 and $36,200 for the three and six months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. The Company has not yet paid this interest and it is recorded in accrued expenses in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets as of March 31, 2019 and September 30, 2018, respectively.

 

b.On December 31, 2013, Shaanxi Guangsha Investment and Development Group Co., Ltd. (the “Guangsha”), the Company's PRC operating subsidiary, entered into a loan agreement with the Chairman (the “Shareholder RMB Loan Agreement”), pursuant to which Guangsha is able to borrow funds from the Chairman in order to support the Company’s Liangzhou Road construction project development and the Company’s working capital needs. The Loan Agreement has a one-year term, and has been renewed upon maturity, with at an interest rate of 4.35% per year. For the three and six months ended March 31, 2019, the interest was $5,134 and $25,422 (2018- $7,922 and $13,668), respectively, which is capitalized in the development cost of Liangzhou road project.

 

 19 

 

  

CHINA HGS REAL ESTATE, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

NOTE 7. TAXES

 

(A) Business sales tax and VAT

 

The Company is subject to a 5% business sales tax on revenue.  It is the Company’s continuing practice to recognize the 5% business sales tax based on revenue as a cost of sales as the revenue is recognized. As of March 31, 2019, the Company had business sales tax payable of $9,093,685 (September 30, 2018 - $9,871,794), which is expected to be paid when the projects are completed and assessed by the local tax authority. In May of 2016, the Business Tax has been incorporated into Value Added Tax in China, which means there will be no more Business Tax and accordingly some business operations previously taxed in the name of Business Tax will be taxed in the manner of VAT thereafter. The Company is subject to 5% of VAT for its all existing real estate project based on the local tax authority’s practice.

 

B) Corporate income taxes (“CIT”)

  

The Company’s PRC subsidiaries and VIE are governed by the Income Tax Law of the People’s Republic of China concerning the privately run enterprises, which are generally subject to income tax at a statutory rate of 25% on income reported in the statutory financial statements after appropriate tax adjustments. However, as approved by the local tax authority of Hanzhong City, the Company’s CIT was assessed annually at a pre-determined fixed rate as an incentive to stimulate the local economy and encourage entrepreneurship. The local income tax rate in Hanzhong is 2.5% and in Yang County is 1.25% on revenue for the year ended September 30, 2017. Starting from fiscal 2018, the Company’s CIT changed to 25% on taxable income. The change in the income tax policy could negatively affect the Company’s net income in future years. Although the possibility exists for reinterpretation of the application of the tax regulations by higher tax authorities in the PRC, potentially overturning the decision made by the local tax authority, the Company has not experienced any reevaluation of the income taxes for prior years. The PRC tax rules are different from the local tax rules and the Company is required to comply with local tax rules. The difference between the two tax rules will not be a liability of the Company. There will be no further tax payments for the difference As of March 31, 2019 and September 30, 2018, the Company’s income tax payable balances were $8,255,113 and $8,331,026, respectively. The Company expects to pay off the income tax payable balance when the related real estate projects are completely sold.

 

The following table reconciles the statutory rates to the Company’s effective tax rate for the three and six months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018:

 

   Three months ended
March 31,
   Six months ended
March 31,
 
   2019   2018   2019   2018 
Chinese statutory tax rate   25%   25%   25%   25%
Valuation allowance change and other adjustments*   5.9%   1%   3.0%   0.8%
                     
Effective tax rate   30.9%   26%  $28.0%   25.8%

 

Valuation allowance change and other adjustments for the three and six months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 were primarily related to valuation allowance changes.

 

Income tax expense for the three and six months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 is summarized as follows:

 

   Three months ended
March 31,
   Six months ended
March 31,
 
   2019   2018   2019   2018 
Current tax provision  $-   $481,934   $-   $749,970 
Deferred tax provision   152,938    235,074    321,339    380,788 
Income tax provision  $152,938   $717,008   $321,339   $1,130,758 
 20 

 

  

CHINA HGS REAL ESTATE, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

NOTE 7. TAXES (continued)

 

The components of deferred taxes As of March 31, 2019 and September 30, 2018 consist of the following:

 

   March 31,
2019
   September 30,
2018
 
Deferred tax liability:          
Revenue recognized based on percentage of completion  $2,443,617   $2,068,257 

 

Recent U.S. federal tax legislation, commonly referred to as the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “U.S. Tax Reform”), was signed into law on December 22, 2017. The U.S. Tax Reform significantly modified the U.S. Internal Revenue Code by, among other things, reducing the statutory U.S. federal corporate income tax rate from 35% to 21% for taxable years beginning after December 31, 2017; limiting and/or eliminating many business deductions; migrating the U.S. to a territorial tax system with a one-time transition tax on a mandatory deemed repatriation of previously deferred foreign earnings of certain foreign subsidiaries; subject to certain limitations, generally eliminating U.S. corporate income tax on dividends from foreign subsidiaries; and providing for new taxes on certain foreign earnings. Taxpayers may elect to pay the one-time transition tax over eight years or in a single lump sum. The U.S. Tax Reform also includes provisions for a new tax on GILTI effective for tax years of foreign corporations beginning after December 31, 2017. The GILTI provisions impose a tax on foreign income in excess of a deemed return on tangible assets of controlled foreign corporations (“CFCs”), subject to the possible use of foreign tax credits and a deduction equal to 50 percent to offset the income tax liability, subject to some limitations.

 

As of March 31, 2019 and September 30, 2018, the Company recognized a one-time transition toll tax liability of approximately $2.3 million that represented management’s estimate of the amount of U.S. corporate income tax based on the deemed repatriation to the United States of the Company’s share of previously deferred earnings of certain non-U.S. subsidiaries and VIE of the Company mandated by the U.S. Tax Reform. The Company’s estimate of the one-time transition toll Tax is subject to the finalization of management’s analysis related to certain matters, such as developing interpretations of the provisions of the Tax Act and amounts related to the earnings and profits of certain foreign VIEs and the filing of our tax returns. U.S. Treasury regulations, administrative interpretations or court decisions interpreting the Tax Act may require further adjustments and changes in our estimates. The Company provided an additional $0.2 million tax provision due to delinquent U.S. tax return fillings.

 

(C) Land Appreciation Tax (“LAT”)

 

Since January 1, 1994, LAT has been applicable at progressive tax rates ranging from 30% to 60% on the appreciation of land values, with an exemption provided for the sales of ordinary residential properties if the appreciation values do not exceed certain thresholds specified in the relevant tax laws. However, the Company’s local tax authority in Hanzhong City has not imposed the regulation on real estate companies in its area of administration. Instead, the local tax authority has levied the LAT at the rate of 0.5% in Yang County and 1.0% in Hanzhong against total cash receipts from sales of real estate properties, rather than according to the progressive rates.

 

As at March 31, 2019, the outstanding LAT payable balance was $111,392 with respect to completed real estate properties sold up to March 31, 2019. As at September 30, 2018 the Company has an outstanding LAT payable balance of $ 141,765 with respect to completed real estate properties sold up to September 30, 2018.

 

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CHINA HGS REAL ESTATE, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

NOTE 7. TAXES (continued)

 

(D) Taxes payable consisted of the following:

 

   March 31,
2019
   September 30,
2018
 
         
CIT  $8,255,113   $8,331,026 
Business tax   9,093,686    9,871,794 
Other taxes and fees   2,315,123    2,250,861 
Total taxes payable   19,663,922    20,453,681 
Less: current portion   14,587,240    15,492,902 
Tax payable – long term  $5,076,682   $4,960,779 

 

NOTE 8. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

 

From time to time, the Company is a party to various legal actions arising in the ordinary course of business. The Company accrues costs associated with these matters when they become probable and the amount can be reasonably estimated. Legal costs incurred in connection with loss contingencies are expensed as incurred. The Company's management does not expect any liability from the disposition of such claims and litigation individually or in the aggregate would have a material adverse impact on the Company's consolidated financial position, results of operations and cash flows.

 

As an industry practice, the Company provides guarantees to PRC banks with respect to loans procured by the purchasers of the Company’s real estate properties for the total mortgage loan amount until the completion of obtaining the “Certificate of Ownership” of the properties from the government, which generally takes six to twelve months. Because the banks provide loan proceeds without getting the “Certificate of Ownership” as loan collateral during this six to twelve months’ period, the mortgage banks require the Company to maintain, as restricted cash, 5% to 10% of the mortgage proceeds as security for the Company’s obligations under such guarantees. If a purchaser defaults on its payment obligations, the mortgage bank may deduct the delinquent mortgage payment from the security deposit and require the Company to pay the excess amount if the delinquent mortgage payments exceed the security deposit. The Company has made necessary reserves in its restricted cash account to cover any potential mortgage defaults as required by the mortgage lenders. The Company has not experienced any losses related to this guarantee and believes that such reserves are sufficient. As of March 31, 2019 and September 30, 2018, the amount of security deposits provided for these guarantees was approximately $4.0 million and $3.5 million respectively.

 

 22 

 

  

ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND
RESULTS OF OPERATION

 

The following discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations relates to the operations and financial condition reported in the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of China HGS Real Estate, Inc. For the three and six months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 and should be read in conjunction with such financial statements and related notes included in this report.

 

As used in this report, the terms “Company,” “we,” “our,” “us” and “HGS” refer to China HGS Real Estate, Inc. and its subsidiaries.

 

Preliminary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements.

 

We make forward-looking statements in Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations and elsewhere in this report based on the beliefs and assumptions of our management and on information currently available to us. Forward-looking statements include information about our possible or assumed future results of operations which follow under the headings “Business Overview,” “Liquidity and Capital Resources,” and other statements throughout this report preceded by, followed by or that include the words “believes,” “expects,” “anticipates,” “intends,” “plans,” “estimates” or similar expressions.

 

Forward-looking statements are subject to a number of risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed in these forward-looking statements, including the risks and uncertainties described below and other factors we describe from time to time in our periodic filings with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). We therefore caution you not to rely unduly on any forward-looking statements. The forward-looking statements in this report speak only as of the date of this report, and we undertake no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future developments or otherwise. These forward-looking statements include, among other things, statements relating to:

 

our ability to sustain our project development

 

  our ability to obtain additional land use rights at favorable prices;

 

  the market for real estate in Tier 3 and 4 cities and counties;

 

  our ability to obtain additional capital in future years to fund our planned expansion; or

 

  economic, political, regulatory, legal and foreign exchange risks associated with our operations.

 

Business Overview

 

We conduct substantially all of our business through Shaanxi Guangsha Investment and Development Group Co., Ltd, in Hanzhong, Shaanxi Province. Since the initiation of our business, we have been focused on expanding our business in certain Tier 3 and Tier 4 cities and counties in China.

 

For the first six months ended March 31, 2019, our sales, gross profit and net income were $17,104,352, $ 3,119,618 and $825,755, respectively, representing an approximate 53.0%, 49.2% and 74.5% decrease in sales, gross profit and net income as compared to six months ended March 31, 2018, respectively. The decrease in sales, gross profit and net income was mainly resulted from less gross floor area (“GFA”) sold during current quarter.

  

For the first six months ended March 31, 2019, we recognized revenue under the percentage of completion method for Yangzhou Palace real estate Project. Total revenue recognized under the percentage of completion method for the six months ended March 31, 2019 was approximately $16.1 million (2018 - $ 17.4 million), representing 94.3% (2018 – 47.8%) of total revenue for the period, with related costs of these real estate sales was approximately $12.6 million (2018 - $15.9 million), representing 93.3% (2018–52.7%) of the real estate costs in the period. The gross profit before sales tax from the percentage of completion method was approximately $3.6 million (2018 - $1.5 million), representing 98.0% (2018 – 24.4%) of the total gross profit for the period.

 

 23 

 

  

For the six months ended March 31, 2019, the average selling price (“ASP”) for our real estate projects (excluding sales of parking spaces) located in Yang County was approximately $549 per square meter, an increase of 49.5% from the ASP of $368 per square meter for the six months ended March 31, 2018, which was mainly due to more commercial units with higher selling price were sold in Yang county palace project during the six months ended March 31, 2019. The ASP of our Hanzhong real estate projects (excluding sales of parking spaces) was approximately $295 per square meter, a 46.7% decrease from the ASP of $553 per square meter for the six months ended March 31, 2018, because Nanyuan, Beiyuan and Oriental Garden have all been completed in prior years, and only limited models are available for customer selection, which result in lower average price.

  

Market Outlook

 

In Fiscal 2019, the macro-economic backdrop will continue to be uncertain with unrelenting downside pressure, while the overall inventory level of properties will remain high. The central government will continue to adopt policies aimed to ensure stability, economic growth and improved employment. The details of implementation by local government will vary among different PRC cities.

 

In 2019, the Company expects to start the construction of Liangzhou Road related project after the approval by the local government of the road. These projects will comprise of residential for end-users and upgraders, shopping malls as well as serviced apartments and offices to satisfy different market demands. Our customers continue to experience growth of their disposable income. With a lower housing price to family disposable income ratio and an increasing urbanization level, there is a growing demand for high quality residential housing. From this perspective, the Company is positive about the outlook for the local real estate market in a long term. In the meantime, the Company is diversifying its revenue and developing more commercial and municipal projects.

 

We intend to remain focused on our existing construction projects in Hanzhong City and Yang County, deepening our institutional sales network, enhancing our cost and operational synergies and improving cash flows and strengthening our balance sheet. In this respect, we began the construction of the following large high rise residential projects in Hanzhong City and Yang County:

 

Liangzhou road and related projects

 

In September 2013, the Company entered into an agreement (“Liangzhou Agreement”) with the Hanzhong local government on the Liangzhou Road reformation and expansion project (Liangzhou Road Project”). Pursuant to the agreement, the Company is contracted to reform and expand the Liangzhou Road, a commercial street in downtown Hanzhong City, with a total length of 2,080 meters and width of 30 meters and to resettle the existing residences in the Liangzhou road area. The government’s original road construction budget was approximately $33 million in accordance with the Liangzhou Agreement. The Company, in return, is being compensated by the local government to have an exclusive right on acquiring at least 394.5 Mu land use rights in a specified location of Hanzhong City. The Liangzhou Road Project’s road construction started at the end of 2013. In 2014, the original scope and budget on the Liangzhou road reformation and expansion project was extended, because the local government included more area and resettlement residences into the project, which resulted in additional investments from the Company. In return, the Company is authorized by the local government to develop and manage the commercial and residential properties surrounding the Liangzhou Road project. As of March 31, 2019, the main Liangzhou road construction is substantially completed and is expected to be approved by the local government in fiscal 2019. The Company’s development cost incurred on Liangzhou Road Project is treated as the Company’s deposit on purchasing the related land use rights, as agreed by the local government.

 

As of March 31, 2019, the actual costs incurred by the Company was approximately $143.5 million (September 30, 2018 - $135.0 million) and the incremental cost related to residence resettlement was approved by the local government. The Company determined that the Company’s Investment in Liangzhou Road Project in exchange for interests in future land use rights is a barter transaction with commercial substance. 

 

 24 

 

  

Oriental Pearl Garden Phase II

 

Oriental Garden Phase II project is planned to consist of 8 high-rise residential buildings and 6 commercial buildings with total planned GFA of 370,298 square meters. The project will also include a farmer’s market.

 

Liangzhou Mansion

 

Liangzhou Mansion project is planned to consist of 7 high-rise building and commercial shops on the first floor with total planned GFA of 160,000 square meters.

 

Pearl Commercial Plaza

 

Pearl Commercial Plaza is planned to consist one office building, one service apartment (or hotel), classical architecture style of Chinese traditional houses and shopping malls with total planned GFA of 124,191 square meters.

 

The Company plans to start the construction of these three real estate projects in 2019 after the road construction is fully completed and passes local government’s inspection and approval. These related projects may take 2-3 years to fully complete.

 

Other projects

 

Yangzhou Palace

 

The Company is currently constructing 9 high-rise residential buildings and 16 sub-high-rise residential and multi-layer residential buildings with total GFA of 285,244 square meters in Yangzhou Palace located in Yang County. The construction started in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2013 and is expected to be completed by 2019. The Company has obtained pre-sale license in September 2016 and started to sell the residential units in Yangzhou Palace in 2017.

 

Road Construction

 

Other road construction projects mainly included a Yang County East 2nd Ring Road construction project. The Company was engaged by the Yang County local government to construct the East 2nd Ring Road with a total length of 2.15 km and a budgeted price of approximately $25.0 million (or RMB 168 million), which was approved by the local Yang County government in March 2014. The local government is required to repay the Company’s project investment costs within 3 years with interest at the interest rate based on the commercial borrowing rate with the similar term published by China construction bank (December 31,2018 and September 30, 2018 - 4.75%). The local government has approved a refund to the Company by reducing local surcharges or taxes otherwise required in the real estate development. The road construction was substantially completed As of March 31, 2019 and in process of government review and approval. 

 

In September 2012, the Company was approved by the Hanzhong local government to construct four municipal roads with a total length of approximately 1,192 meters. The project was deferred and then restarted during the quarter ended March 31, 2014. As of March 31, 2019, the local government was still in the process of assessing the budget for these projects.

 

 25 

 

  

Summary of real estate projects completion status

 

Development completed   Actual (estimated)
Completion time of
construction
  Estimated time to sell
the entire property
Hanzhong City Mingzhu Garden
(Mingzhu Nanyuan & Mingzhu Beiyuan)
  Majority was completed during the third quarter of fiscal 2012   2019
Hanzhong City Nan Dajie (Mingzhu Xinju)   Phase one completed in 2010 and Phase two completed in 2011   2019
Hanzhong City Mingzhu Garden Phase II   Completed by Fiscal 2015   2019
Hanzhong City Oriental Pearl Garden   Completed by Fiscal 2016   2019
Yang County Yangzhou Pearl Garden Phase II   Completed by Fiscal 2015   2019
Yang County Yangzhou Pearl Garden   Majority completed in 2011 and 2012   2019

 

Under development:   Estimated Completion time of construction
Yang County Yangzhou Palace   To be completed in 2019
Hanzhong City Shijin Project   Under planning stage
Hanzhong City Hanfeng Beiyuan East Road   To deliver the road project to government in 2019
Hanzhong City Liangzhou Road and related projects   The road construction was substantially completed as of March 31, 2019, the other related projects will be completed in later years
Hanzhong City Beidajie project   Under planning stage
Yang County East 2nd Ring Road   To be completed in 2019

 

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND ESTIMATES

 

The discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations are based upon our condensed consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. The preparation of these condensed consolidated financial statements requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect our reported assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. We evaluate our estimates on an on-going basis and use them on historical experience and various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances as the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates because of different assumptions or conditions.

 

We believe the following critical accounting policies affect our significant estimates and judgments used in the preparation of our condensed consolidated financial statements. These policies should be read in conjunction with Note 2 of the notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

Revenue recognition

 

Most of the Company’s revenue is derived from real estate sales of condominiums and commercial property in the PRC. The majority of the Company’s contracts contain a single performance obligations involving significant real estate development activities that are performed together to deliver a real estate property to customers. Revenues arising from real estate sales are recognized when or as the control of the asset is transferred to the customer. The control of the asset may transfer over time or at a point in time. For the sales of individual condominium units in a real estate development project, the Company has an enforceable right to payment for performance completed to date, revenue is recognized over time by measuring the progress towards complete satisfaction of that performance obligation. Otherwise, revenue is recognized at a point in time when the customer obtains control of the asset.

 

Under percentage completion method, revenue and profit from the sales of long term real estate development properties is recognized by the percentage of completion method on the sale of individual units when all the following criteria are met:

 

a. Construction is beyond a preliminary stage.
b. The buyer is committed to the extent of being unable to require a refund except for non-delivery of the unit or interest.
c. Sufficient units have already been sold to assure that the entire property will not revert to rental property.
d. Sales prices are collectible.
e. Aggregate sales proceeds and costs can be reasonably estimated.

 

If any of the above criteria is not met, proceeds shall be accounted for as deposits until the criteria are met.

 

 26 

 

  

Under the percentage of completion method, revenues from individual real estate condominium units sold and related costs are recognized over the course of the construction period, based on the completion progress of a project. The progress towards complete satisfaction of the performance obligation is measured based on the Company’s efforts or inputs to the satisfaction of the performance obligation, by reference to the contract costs incurred up to the end of reporting period as a percentage of total estimated costs for each contract. In relation to any project, revenue is determined by calculating the ratio of incurred costs, including land use rights costs and construction costs, to total estimated costs and applying that ratio to the contracted sales amounts. Cost of sales is recognized by determining the ratio of contracted sales during the period to total estimated sales value, and applying that ratio to the incurred costs. Current period amounts are calculated based on the difference between the life-to-date project totals and the previously recognized amounts.

 

Any changes in significant judgments and/or estimates used in determining construction and development revenue could significantly change the timing or amount of construction and development revenue recognized. Changes in total estimated project costs or losses, if any, are recognized in the period in which they are determined.

 

Revenue from the sales of completed real estate condominium units is recognized at the time of the closing of an individual unit sale. This occurs when the customer obtains the physical possession, the legal title, or the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the assets and the Company has present right to payment and the collection of the consideration is probable. For municipal road construction projects, fees are generally recognized at the time of the projects are completed.

 

Contract balances

 

Timing of revenue recognition may differ from the timing of billing and cash receipts from customers. The Company records a contract asset when revenue is recognized prior to invoicing, or a contract liability when cash is received in advance of recognizing revenue. A contract asset is a right to consideration that is conditional upon factors other than the passage of time. Contract assets include billed and billable receivables, which are the Company’s unconditional rights to consideration other than to the passage of time. Contract liabilities include cash collected in excess of revenues. Customer deposit are excluded from contract liabilities.

 

The Company has elected to apply the optional practical expedient for costs to obtain a contract which allows the Company to immediately expense sales commissions (included under selling expenses) because the amortization period of the asset that the Company otherwise would have used is one year or less. Contract assets and liabilities are generally classified as current based on our contract operating cycle.

 

Impact of adoption of ASC 606

 

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606)(“ASU No. 2014-09”). Subsequent to the issuance of ASU 2014-09, the FASB has issued several ASUs such as ASU 2016-08, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Principal versus Agent Considerations (Reporting Revenue Gross versus Net), ASU 2016-10, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Identifying Performance Obligations and Licensing, and ASU 2016-12, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Narrow-Scope Improvements and Practical Expedients among others. These ASUs have the same effective date as ASU 2014-09. All guidance is collectively referred to as ASC 606, which supersedes ASC 605, Revenue Recognition.

 

ASC 606 requires an entity to recognize revenue when it transfers promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. ASC 606 creates a five-step model that requires entities to exercise judgment when considering the terms of the contract(s) which include (i) identifying the contract(s) with the customer, (ii) identifying the separate performance obligations in the contract, (iii) determining the transaction price, (iv) allocating the transaction price to the separate performance obligations, and (v) recognizing revenue when each performance obligation is satisfied. ASC 606 also specifies the accounting for the incremental costs of obtaining a contract and the costs directly related to fulfilling a contract. In addition, ASC 606 requires extensive disclosures.

 

The Company adopted ASC 606 on October 1, 2018 using the modified retrospective approach with no restatement of comparative periods and no cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings recognized as of the date of adoption. As part of the implementation of ASC 606, the Company performed an assessment including identifying revenue streams within the scope of ASC 606, analyzing contracts and reviewing potential changes to its existing revenue recognition accounting policies. A significant portion of the Company’s revenue is derived from development and sales of condominium real estate property in the PRC, with revenue currently recognized using the percentage of completion method. Under the new standard, to recognize revenue over time similar to the percentage of completion method, contractual provisions need to provide the Company with an enforceable right to payment and the Company has no alternative use of the asset. Historically, all contracts executed contained an enforceable right to home purchase payments and the Company had no alternative use of assets, therefore, the adoption of ASC 606 did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

   

The Company provides “mortgage loan guarantees” only with respect to buyers who make down-payments of 20%-50% of the total purchase price of the property. The period of the mortgage loan guarantee begins on the date the bank approves the buyer’s mortgage and we receive the loan proceeds in our bank account and ends on the date the “Certificate of Ownership” evidencing that title to the property has been transferred to the buyer. The procedures to obtain the Certificate of Ownership take six to twelve months (the “Mortgage Loan Guarantee Period”). If, after investigation of the buyer’s income and other relevant factors, the bank decides not to grant the mortgage loan, our mortgage-loan based sales contract terminates and there will be no guarantee obligation. If, during the Mortgage Loan Guarantee Period, the buyer defaults on his or her monthly mortgage payment for three consecutive months, we are required to return the loan proceeds back to the bank, although we have the right to keep the customer's deposit and resell the property to a third party. Once the Certificate of Property has been issued by the relevant government authority, our loan guarantee terminates. If the buyer then defaults on his or her mortgage loan, the bank has the right to take the property back and sell it and use the proceeds to pay off the loan. The Company is not liable for any shortfall that the bank may incur in this event. To date, no buyer has defaulted on his or her mortgage payments during the Mortgage Loan Guarantee Period and the Company has not returned any loan proceeds pursuant to its mortgage loan guarantees.

 

 27 

 

   

Use of estimates

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes, and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements. Estimates are used for, but not limited to, the assumptions and estimates used by management in recognizing development revenue under the percentage of completion method, the selection of the useful lives of property and equipment, provision necessary for contingent liabilities, revenue recognition, taxes and budgeted costs. Management believes that the estimates utilized in preparing its consolidated financial statements are reasonable and prudent. Actual results could differ from these estimates. 

 

Real estate property development completed and under development

 

Real estate property consists of finished residential unit sites, commercial offices and residential unit sites under development. The Company leases the land for the residential unit sites under land use right leases with various terms from the PRC government. The cost of land use rights is included in the development cost and allocated to each project. Real estate property development completed and real estate property under development are stated at the lower of cost or fair value.

 

Expenditures for land development, including cost of land use rights, deed tax, pre-development costs, and engineering costs, exclusive of depreciation, are capitalized and allocated to development projects by the specific identification method. Costs are allocated to specific units within a project based on the ratio of the sales area of units to the estimated total sales area of the project (or phase of the project) multiplied by the total cost of the project (or phase of the project).

 

Cost of amenities transferred to buyers is allocated to specific units as a component of total construction cost. The amenity cost includes landscaping, road paving, etc. Once the projects are completed, the amenities are under control of the property management companies.

 

Real estate property development completed and real estate property under development are reclassified on the balance sheet into current and non-current portions based on the estimated date of construction completion and sales. The real estate property development completed classification is based on the estimated date that each property is expected to be sold within the Company’s normal operating cycle of the business and the Company’s sales plan. Real estate property development completed is classified as a current asset if the property is expected to be sold within the normal operating cycle of the business. Otherwise, it is classified as a non-current asset. The majority of real estate projects the Company has completed in the past were multi-layer or sub-high-rise real estate projects. The Company considers its normal operating cycle is 12 months.

 

Real estate property development completed and under development are subject to valuation adjustments when the carrying amount exceeds fair value. An impairment loss is recognized only if the carrying amount of the assets is not recoverable and exceeds fair value. The carrying amount is not recoverable if it exceeds the sum of the undiscounted cash flows expected to be generated by the assets. The Company reviewed all of its real estate projects for future losses and impairment by comparing the estimated future undiscounted cash flows for each project to the carrying value of such project. For the six months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, the Company did not recognize any impairment for real estate property under development and completed.

 

 28 

 

  

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

Three Months Ended March 31, 2019 compared to Three Months Ended March 31, 2018

 

Revenues

 

The following is a breakdown of revenue:

 

   For Three Months Ended 
March  31,
 
   2019   2018 
         
Revenue recognized  for completed condominium real estate projects  $226,731   $11,121,635 
Revenue recognized for condominium real estate projects under development   9,140,425    10,784,732 
Total  $9,367,156   $21,906,367 

 

Revenue recognized for completed condominium real estate projects 

 

The following table summarizes our revenue generated by different projects:

 

   For Three Months Ended March 31,     
   2019   2018   Variance 
   Revenue   %   Revenue   %   Amount   % 
                         
Mingzhu Garden (Mingzhu Nanyuan & Mingzhu Beiyuan) Phase I and II  $275,263    121.4%  $7,489,298    67.3%  $(7,214,035)   (96.3)%
Oriental Pearl Garden   (102,020)   (45.0)%   3,613,825    32.5%   (3,715,845)   (102.8)%
Yangzhou Pearl Garden Phase I and II   53,488    23.6%   18,512    0.2%   34,976    188.9%
                               
Total Real Estate Sales before Sales Tax   226,731    100%   11,121,635    100%   (10,894,904)   (98.0)%
Sales Tax   (45,864)        (65,064)        

19,199

    (29.5)%
Revenue net of sales tax  $

180,867

        $11,056,571        $(10,875,703)   (98.4)%

 

Our revenues are derived from the sale of residential buildings, commercial store-fronts and parking spaces in projects that we have developed. Comparing to the same period of last year, revenues before sales tax decreased by 98.0% to approximately $0.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 from approximately $11.1 million. The total GFA sold during three months ended March 31, 2019 was merely 611 square meters, representing a significant decrease from the 19,587 square meters completed and sold during the same period of last year. In addition, our Mingzhu Garden Phase I and Phase II, Yangzhou Pearl Garden Phase I and Phase II and Oriental Garden Phase I have all been completed in prior years, only limited models are available for customer selection, which resulted in lower sales for current period. The sales tax for the three months ended March 31, 2019 was approximately $0.05 million, decreased by 29.5% from 2018.

 

 29 

 

  

Revenue recognized for condominium real estate projects under development

 

       For the three months ended March 31, 2019 
   Total GFA   Average
Percentage of
Completion(1)
   Qualified
Contract
Sales(2)
   Revenue
Recognized
under
Percentage of
Completion
   Accumulated 
Revenue
recognized
under
Percentage of
completion
 
Real estate properties under
development located in
Hanzhong
                         
Yangzhou Palace   297,450    92%   

73,209,107

    9,140,425    68,808,978 

 

We started to recognize revenue under the percentage of completion method for Yangzhou Palace real estate property since second quarter of fiscal 2017. Total qualified contract sales as of March 31, 2019 were $73.2 million. Total GFA sold under qualified contract sales as of March 31, 2019 was 145,623 square meters. The average unit price under contract sales was $503 per square meters (September 30, 2018 - $504).

 

       For the three months ended March 31, 2018 
   Total GFA   Average
Percentage of
Completion(1)
   Qualified
Contract
Sales(2)
   Revenue
Recognized
under
Percentage of
Completion
   Accumulated
Revenue
recognized
under
Percentage of
completion
 
Real estate properties under  development located in Hanzhong                         
Yangzhou Palace   297,450    88%  $37,190,682   $10,784,732   $32,727,800 

 

For the quarter ended March 31, 2018, total GFA sold under qualified contract sales as of March 31, 2018 was 75,214 square meters. The average unit price under contract sales was $494 per square meters.

 

(1)Percentage of completion is calculated by dividing total costs incurred by total estimated costs for the relevant buildings in the each real estate building , estimated as of the time of preparation of our financial statements as of and for the year indicated.

 

(2)Qualified contract sales only include all contract sales with customer deposits balance As of March 31, 2019 and 2018 equal or greater than 30% of contract sales amount and related individual of buildings were sold over 20%.

 

(3)The actual GFA will be re-measured when the real estate project is completed, which could be slightly different from the estimated GFA at the beginning of the real estate projects.

 

 30 

 

  

Cost of Sales

 

The following table sets forth a breakdown of our cost of sales:

 

   For Three Months Ended March  31,     
   2019   2018   Variance 
   Cost   %   Cost   %   Amount   % 
                         
Land use rights  $

755,560

    

10.0

%  $1,596,433    8.8%  $(840,873)   (52.7)%
Construction cost   6,801,033    90.0%   16,522,257    91.2%   (9,721,224)   (58.8)%
Total cost  $7,556,593    100%  $18,118,690    100%  $(10,562,097)   (58.3)%

 

Our cost of sales consists primarily of costs associated with land use rights and construction costs. Cost of sales are capitalized and allocated to development projects using a specific identification method. Costs are allocated to specific units within a project based on the ratio of the sales area of units to the estimated total sales area of the project or phase of the project times the total cost of the project or phase of the project.

 

Cost of sales was approximately $7.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 compared to $18.1 million for the same period of last year. The $10.6 million decrease in cost of sales was mainly attributable to less GFA sold during the three months ended March 31, 2019 which led to less cost of sales.

 

Land use rights cost: The cost of land use rights includes the land premium we pay to acquire land use rights for our property development sites, plus taxes. Our land use rights cost varies for different projects according to the size and location of the site and the minimum land premium set for the site, all of which are influenced by government policies, as well as prevailing market conditions. Costs for land use rights for the three months ended March 31, 2019 were approximately $0.8 million, as compared to approximately $1.6 million for the same period of last year, representing a decrease of approximately $0.8 million from the same quarter last year. The decrease was consistent with the fact that total GFA sold in this quarter was significantly less than the same period of last year.

 

Construction cost: We outsource the construction of all of our projects to third party contractors, whom we select through a competitive tender process. Our construction contracts provide a fixed payment which covers substantially all labor, materials and equipment costs, subject to adjustments for some types of excess, such as design changes during construction or changes in government-suggested steel prices. Our construction costs consist primarily of the payments to our third-party contractors, which are paid over the construction period based on specified milestones. In addition, we purchase and supply a limited range of fittings and equipment, including elevators, window frames and door frames. Our construction costs for the three months ending March 31, 2019 were approximately $6.8 million as compared to approximately $16.5 million for the same period of last year, representing a decrease of approximately $9.7 million. The decrease in construction cost was due to decrease in units sold during the quarter ended March 31, 2019.

 

 31 

 

  

Gross Profit

 

Gross profit was approximately $1.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 as compared to approximately $3.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2018, representing a decrease of $2.3 million, which was mainly attributable to less GFA sold during the second quarter of fiscal 2019. The gross margin decreased from 17.0% during the quarter ended March 31, 2018 to 15.5% for the quarter ended March 31, 2019. During the quarter ended March 31, 2018, the higher margin in Mingzhu Garden project was resulted from a sales of a commercial unit with 79% gross margin, but most sales during quarter ended March 31, 2019 was related to residential units.

  

   For Three Months Ended March 31, 
   2019   2018 
   Gross Profit   Gross Margin   Gross Profit   Gross Margin 
                 
Mingzhu Garden (Mingzhu Nanyuan & Mingzhu Beiyuan) Phase I and II  $69,937    25.4%  $3,015,391    40.3%
Oriental Garden   (87,198)   85.5%   (171,281)   (4.7)%
Yangzhou Pearl Garden Phase I and II   7,441    13.9%   3,270    17.7%
Yangzhou Palace   1,820,383    19.9%   940,297    8.7%
Sales Tax   (362,846)        (65,064)     
Total Gross Profit  $1,447,717    15.5%  $3,722,613    17.0%
Total Real Estate Sales before Sales Tax  $9,367,156        $21,906,367      

 

Operating Expenses

 

Total operating expenses increased by 5.7% to $0.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 from $0.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2018 as a result of an increase in general and administrative expense of $0.1 million primarily attributed to additional office expense and professional fees incurred. Our selling expense was $0.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019, slightly decreased from the three months ended March 31, 2018 due to less sales incurred. Our total operating expenses accounted for 9.5% and 3.8% of our real estate sales before sales taxes for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. 

  

   For Three Months Ended 
March 31,
 
   2019   2018 
         
Selling expenses  $104,926   $185,593 
General and administrative expenses   783,687    654,778 
Total operating expenses  $888,613   $840,371 
Percentage of Real Estate Sales before Sales Tax   9.5%   3.8%

 

Income Taxes

 

U.S. Taxes

 

China HGS is a Florida corporation. However, all of our operations are conducted solely by our subsidiaries in the PRC. No income is earned in the United States and we do not repatriate any earnings outside the PRC. As a result, we did not generate any U.S. taxable income for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018.

 

Recent U.S. federal tax legislation, commonly referred to as the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “U.S. Tax Reform”), was signed into law on December 22, 2017. The U.S. Tax Reform significantly modified the U.S. Internal Revenue Code by, among other things, reducing the statutory U.S. federal corporate income tax rate from 35% to 21% for taxable years beginning after December 31, 2017; limiting and/or eliminating many business deductions; migrating the U.S. to a territorial tax system with a one-time transition tax on a mandatory deemed repatriation of previously deferred foreign earnings of certain foreign subsidiaries; subject to certain limitations, generally eliminating U.S. corporate income tax on dividends from foreign subsidiaries; and providing for new taxes on certain foreign earnings. Taxpayers may elect to pay the one-time transition tax over eight years or in a single lump sum. The U.S. Tax Reform also includes provisions for a new tax on GILTI effective for tax years of foreign corporations beginning after December 31, 2017. The GILTI provisions impose a tax on foreign income in excess of a deemed return on tangible assets of controlled foreign corporations (“CFCs”), subject to the possible use of foreign tax credits and a deduction equal to 50 percent to offset the income tax liability, subject to some limitations.

 

 32 

 

  

As of March 31, 2019 and September 30, 2018 the Company accrued a one-time transition toll tax of approximately $2.3 million that represented management’s estimate of the amount of U.S. corporate income tax based on the deemed repatriation to the United States of the Company’s share of previously deferred earnings of certain non-U.S. subsidiaries and VIE of the Company mandated by the U.S. Tax Reform. The Company’s estimate of the onetime transition toll Tax is subject to the finalization of management’s analysis related to certain matters, such as developing interpretations of the provisions of the Tax Act and amounts related to the earnings and profits of certain foreign VIEs and the filing of our tax returns. U.S. Treasury regulations, administrative interpretations or court decisions interpreting the Tax Act may require further adjustments and changes in our estimates. The Company provided an additional $0.2 million tax provision due to delinquent U.S. tax return fillings.

 

PRC Taxes

 

Our Company is governed by the Enterprise Income Tax Law of the People’s Republic of China concerning private-run enterprises, which are generally subject to tax at a statutory rate of 25% on income reported in the statutory financial statements after appropriate tax adjustments.

 

However, the local taxing authority of Hanzhong City has the power to assess corporate taxes annually on local enterprises at a pre-determined fixed rate as an incentive to stimulate the local economy and encourage entrepreneurship. In the fiscal year 2017, the taxing authority assessed us for income taxes at the rate of 1.25% on revenue in Yang County and 2.5% on our revenue in Hanzhong, instead of the statutory rate of 25% of net income. Starting from fiscal 2018, the Company is subject to income tax rate of 25% on taxable income. The change in the income tax policy could negatively affect the Company’s net income in future years. Although the possibility exists for reinterpretation of the application of the tax regulations by higher tax authorities in the PRC, potentially overturning the decision made by the local tax authority, the Company has not experienced any reevaluation of the income taxes for prior years. The PRC tax rules are different from the local tax rules and the Company is required to comply with local tax rules. The difference between the two tax rules will not be a liability of the Company. There will be no further tax payments for the difference.

 

Net Income

 

We reported net income of approximately $0.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019, as compared to net income of approximately $2.0 for the three months ended March 31, 2018. The decrease of approximately $1.7 million in our net income was primarily due to lower amount of revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2019 as discussed above under Revenues and Gross Profit.

 

Other Comprehensive Income (loss)

 

We operate primarily in the PRC and the functional currency of our operating subsidiary is the Chinese Renminbi (”RMB”). RMB is not freely convertible into foreign currency and all foreign exchange transactions must take place through authorized institutions. No representation is made that RMB amounts could have been, or could be, converted into USD at the rates used in translation.

 

Translation adjustments resulting from this process amounted to $4.1 million and $6.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, due to the significant fluctuation of RMB during the period.  The balance sheet amounts with the exception of equity at March 31, 2019 were translated at 6.7112 RMB to 1.00 USD as compared to 6.8680 RMB to 1.00 USD at September 30, 2018. The equity accounts were stated at their historical rate. The average translation rates applied to the income statements accounts for the periods ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 were 6.8302 RMB and 6.8584 RMB, respectively.

 

 Six Months Ended March 31, 2019 compared to Six Months Ended March 31, 2018

 

Revenues

 

The following is a breakdown of revenue:

 

   For Six Months Ended
March 31,
 
   2019   2018 
         
Revenue recognized under full accrual method  $976,564   $18,962,557 
Revenue recognized under percentage of completion method   16,127,788    17,391,381 
Total  $17,104,352   $36,353,938 

 

 33 

 

  

Revenue recognized for completed condominium real estate projects 

 

The following table summarizes our revenue generated by different projects:

 

   For Six Months Ended March 31,     
   2019   2018   Variance 
   Revenue   %   Revenue   %   Amount   % 
                         
Mingzhu Garden (Mingzhu Nanyuan & Mingzhu Beiyuan) Phase I and Phase II  $779,795    79.9%  $11,544,848    60.9%  $(10,765,053)   (93.2)%
Yangzhou Pearl Garden Phase I and Phase II   122,672    12.6%   18,512    0.1%   104,160    562.7%
Oriental Garden   74,097    7.5%   7,399,197    39.0%   (7,325,100)   (99.0)%
                               
Total Real Estate Sales before Sales Tax   976,564    100%   18,962,557    100%   (17,985,993)   (94.9)%
Sales Tax   (123,554)        (90,280)        (33,274)   

 36.9

%
Revenue net of sales tax  $

853,010

        $18,872,277        $(18,019,267)   (95.5)%

 

Our revenues are derived from the sale of residential buildings, commercial front-stores and parking space in projects that we have developed. Our Mingzhu Garden Phase I and Phase II, Yangzhou Pearl Garden Phase I and Phase II and Oriental Garden Phase I have all been completed in prior years, the related revenues have been included in revenue recognized from completed projects, which resulted in higher revenue reported for the six months ended March 31, 2019 as compared to the same comparative period of 2018. Our sales of completed real estate projects decreased by approximately $94.9% from the sales of $19.0 million in the same period of last year to approximately $0.1 million for the six months ended March 31, 2019  due to total GFA sold during the six months ended March 31, 2019 was merely 3,342 square meters, decreased by 91.6% from GFA of 34,342 square meters sold in the same period of last year. Our Mingzhu Garden Phase I and Phase II, Yangzhou Pearl Garden Phase I and Phase II and Oriental Garden Phase I have all been completed in prior years, only limited models are available for customer selection, which resulted in lower sales for current period. The sales tax for the six months ended March 31, 2019 was $0.1 million, increased by 36.9% from the same period of last year, due to more surcharge tax charged for the completed real estate properties during the six months ended March 31, 2019.

 

Revenue recognized for condominium real estate projects under development

 

       For the six months ended March 31, 2019 
   Total GFA   Average
Percentage of
Completion(1)
   Qualified
Contract
Sales(2)
   Revenue
Recognized
under
Percentage of
Completion
   Accumulated 
Revenue
recognized
under
Percentage of
completion
 
Real estate properties under
development located in
Hanzhong
                         
Yangzhou Palace   297,450    92%   

73,209,107

    16,127,788    68,808,978 

 

We started to recognize revenue under the percentage of completion method for Yangzhou Palace real estate property since second quarter of fiscal 2017. Total qualified contract sales as of March 31, 2019 were $73.2 million. Total GFA sold under qualified contract sales as of March 31, 2019 was 145,623 square meters. The average unit price under contract sales was $503 per square meters (September 30, 2018 - $504).

 

       For the six months ended March 31, 2018 
   Total GFA  

Average

Percentage of
Completion(1)

   Qualified
Contract Sales(2)
   Revenue
Recognized
under Percentage
of Completion
   Accumulated  
Revenue
Recognized under
Percentage of
Completion
 
Real estate properties under development located in Hanzhong                         
Yangzhou Palace   297,450    88%  $37,190,682   $17,391,381   $32,727,800 

  

As of March 31, 2018, total GFA sold under qualified contract sales was 75,214 square meters. The average unit price under contract sales was $494 per square meters.

 

(1)Percentage of completion is calculated by dividing total costs incurred by total estimated costs for the relevant buildings in the each real estate building , estimated as of the time of preparation of our financial statements as of and for the year indicated.

 

(2)Qualified contract sales only include all contract sales with customer deposits balance as of March 31, 2019 and 2018 equal or greater than 30% of contract sales amount and related individual of buildings were sold over 20%.

 

 34 

 

     

Cost of Sales

 

The following table sets forth a breakdown of our cost of sales:

 

   For Six Months Ended March  31,     
   2019   2018   Variance 
   Cost   %   Cost   %   Amount   % 
                         
Land use rights  $1,339,701    9.9%  $2,643,315    8.8%  $(1,303,614)   (49.3)%
Construction cost   12,140,076    90.1%   27,475,916    91.2%   (15,335,840)   (55.8)%
Total cost  $13,479,777    100%  $30,119,231    100%  $(16,639,454)   (55.2)%

  

Our cost of sales consists of costs associated with land use rights and construction costs. Cost of sales are capitalized and allocated to development projects using the specific identification method. Costs are allocated to specific units within a project based on the ratio of the sales area of units to the estimated total sales area of the project (or phase of the project) times the total cost of the project (or phase of the project).

 

Cost of sales was approximately $13.5 million for the six months ended March 31, 2019 compared to $30.1 million for the six months ended March 31, 2018. The $16.6 million decrease in cost of sales was mainly attributable to the decrease in total GFA sold from completed projects during the six months ended March 31, 2019. 

 

Land use rights cost: The cost of land use rights includes the land premium we pay to acquire land use rights for our property development sites, plus taxes. Our land use rights cost varies for different projects according to the size and location of the site and the minimum land premium set for the site, all of which are influenced by government policies, as well as prevailing market conditions. Costs for land use rights for the six months ended March 31, 2019 were approximately $1.3 million, as compared to $2.6 million for the six months ended March 31, 2018, representing a decrease of 49.3%. The increase was consistent with the fact that less GFA sold in during six months ended March 31, 2019 comparing to the same period of last year.

 

Construction cost: We outsource the construction of all of our projects to third party contractors, whom we select through a competitive tender process. Our construction contracts provide a fixed payment which covers substantially all labor, materials and equipment costs, subject to adjustments for some types of excess, such as design changes during construction or changes in government-suggested steel prices. Our construction costs consist primarily of the payments to our third-party contractors, which are paid over the construction period based on specified milestones. In addition, we purchase and supply a limited range of fittings and equipment, including elevators, window frames and door frames. Our construction costs for the six months ending March 31, 2019 were approximately $12.1 million as compared to approximately $27.5 million for the six months ended March 31, 2018, representing a decrease of 55.8%.

   

Gross Profit

 

Gross profit was approximately $3.2 million for the six months ended March 31, 2019 as compared to approximately $6.1 million for the six months ended March 31, 2018, representing a decrease of $2.9 million, which was mainly attributable to less GFA sold in the completed condominium real estate projects. The overall gross profit as a percentage of real estate sales before sales tax increased to 18.2% during the six months ended March 31, 2019 from 16.9% for the same period last year. Majority of the Company’s revenue for the six months ended March 31, 2019 were from Yangzhou Palace project with gross margin of 22.0%. However, during the first half of last year, the Company lower selling price to promote the sales in Yangzhou Palace project, which resulted in overall lower gross margin in the same period of last year.

 

The following table sets forth the gross margin of each of our projects:

 

   For Six Months Ended March 31, 
   2019   2018 
   Gross Profit   Percentage
of Revenue
   Gross
Profit
   Percentage
of Revenue
 
                 
Mingzhu Garden (Mingzhu Nanyuan & Mingzhu Beiyuan)  $110,146    14.1%  $4,303,873    37.3%
Oriental Garden   (50,782)   (41.4)%   404,410    5.5%
Yangzhou Pearl Garden   11,719    15.8%   3,270    17.7%
Yangzhou Palace   3,553,492    22.0%   1,523,154    8.8%
Sales Tax   (504,957)        (90,280)     
Total Gross Profit   3,119,618    18.2%   6,144,427    16.9%
Total Real Estate Sales before Sales Tax  $17,104,352        $36,353,938      

 

 35 

 

  

Operating Expenses

 

Total operating expenses were approximately $1.5 million for both the six months ended March 31, 2019 and March 31, 2018.

 

The decrease in selling expenses of $0.2 million for six months ended March 31, 2019 was primarily attributed to decrease of commission paid to salesforce and marketing activities. The decrease in selling expense was offset by an increase of $0.2 million in general administration expense for the six months ended March 31, 2019, due to more office expenses and professional fee expenses incurred.

 

   For Six Months Ended
March 31,
 
   2019   2018 
         
Selling expenses  $274,900   $502,335 
General and administrative expenses   1,254,619    1,012,207 
Total operating expenses  $1,529,519   $1,514,542 
Percentage of Real Estate Sales before Sales Tax   8.9%   4.2%

  

Income Taxes

 

U.S. Taxes

 

China HGS is a Florida corporation. However, all of our operations are conducted solely by our subsidiaries in the PRC. No income is earned in the United States and we do not repatriate any earnings outside the PRC. As a result, we did not generate any U.S. taxable income for the six months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018.

 

PRC Taxes

 

The Company’s VIE are governed by the Income Tax Law of the People’s Republic of China concerning the privately run enterprises, which are generally subject to income tax at a statutory rate of 25% on income reported in the statutory financial statements after appropriate tax adjustments

 

However, prior to October 1, 2017, as approved by the local tax authority of Hanzhong City, the Company’s CIT was assessed annually at a pre-determined fixed rate as an incentive to stimulate the local economy and encourage entrepreneurship. The local income tax rate in Hanzhong is 2.5% and in Yang County is 1.25% on revenue. Starting from October 1, 2017, the Company is subject to income tax rate of 25% on taxable income in fiscal 2018 and afterwards. The change in the income tax policy could negatively affect the Company’s net income. For the six months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, the Company’s income taxes were approximately $1.1 million and $0.5 million, respectively. Although the possibility exists for reinterpretation of the application of the tax regulations by higher tax authorities in the PRC for the Company’s tax filling prior to October 1, 2017, potentially overturning the decision made by the local tax authority, the Company has not experienced any reevaluation of the income taxes for prior years. The PRC tax rules are different from the local tax rules and the Company is required to comply with local tax rules.  The difference between the two tax rules will not be a liability of the Company.  There will be no further tax payments for the difference.

 

On December 22, 2017, the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (the “Act”) was signed into law making significant changes to the Internal Revenue Code. Changes include, but are not limited to, a U.S. corporate tax rate decrease from 35% to 21% effective for tax years beginning after December 31, 2017, the transition of U.S international taxation from a worldwide tax system to a territorial system, and a one-time transition tax on the mandatory deemed repatriation of cumulative foreign earnings as of December 31, 2017. The Company has determined that the Company’s VIE in PRC does not qualify as a reportable controlled foreign corporation (“CFC”) in accordance with its understanding of the Act and guidance available as of the date of this filing and as a result the Company assessed there was no significant income tax impact during the period in which the legislation was enacted.

 

On December 22, 2017, Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 118 ("SAB 118") was issued to address the application of US GAAP in situations when a registrant does not have the necessary information available, prepared, or analyzed (including computations) in reasonable detail to complete the accounting for certain income tax effects of the Act. In accordance with SAB 118, the Company has determined that the Company’s VIE in PRC does not qualify as a reportable CFC, therefore it is not necessary to record any income tax provision in connection with the transition tax on the mandatory deemed repatriation of foreign earnings at December 31, 2017. Any subsequent adjustment to these amounts will be recorded to current tax expense in fiscal 2018 when the analysis is complete.

 

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Net Income

 

We reported net income of approximately $0.8 million for the six months ended March 31, 2019, as compared to net income of approximately $3.2 million for the six months ended March 31, 2018. The decrease of $2.4 million in our net income was primarily due to lower amount of revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2019 as discussed above under Revenues and Gross Profit

 

Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

 

We operate primarily in the PRC and the functional currency of our operating subsidiary is the Chinese Renminbi (”RMB”). RMB is not freely convertible into foreign currency and all foreign exchange transactions must take place through authorized institutions. No representation is made that RMB amounts could have been, or could be, converted into USD at the rates used in translation.

 

Translation adjustments resulting from this process amounted to $3.9 and negative $10.1 million for the six months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, due to the significant fluctuation of RMB during the period.  The balance sheet amounts with the exception of equity at March 31, 2019 were translated at 6.7112 RMB to 1.00 USD as compared to 6.8680 RMB to 1.00 USD at September 30, 2018, RMB has depreciated 2.3% against the U.S. dollar from September 30, 2018 to March 31, 2019. The equity accounts were stated at their historical rate. The average translation rates applied to the income statements accounts for the periods ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 were 6.8302 RMB and 6.4823 RMB, respectively. RMB has depreciated 5.4% against the U.S. dollar from March 31, 2018 to March 31, 2019. As a result, our financial statements reported higher translation loss in 2019. 

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

Current Assets and Liabilities

 

Our principal need for liquidity and capital resources is to maintain working capital sufficient to support our operations and to make capital expenditures to finance the growth of our business. Historically we mainly financed our operations primarily through cash flows from operations and borrowings from our principal shareholder.

 

As of March 31, 2019, the Company had an approximately $11.1 million negative working capital, a decrease of $21.4 million as compared to $10.3 million positive working capital as of September 30, 2018, which was mainly resulted from the $13.7 million increase in the current portion of long term loan, the $7.7 million decrease in current portion of the real estate property completed and under development due to sales and our continuous investment in the long term Liangzhou Road related projects. Our total cash and restricted cash balance decreased to approximately $5.1 million as of March 31, 2019 as compared to approximately $6.8 million as of September 30, 2018. The decrease of $1.7 million in cash was resulted of a repayment of $9.2 million loan during the six months ended March 31, 2019, offset by cash flow from operating of $7.5 million during the period.

 

With respect to capital funding requirements, the Company budgeted our capital spending based on ongoing assessments of needs to maintain adequate cash. Due to the long term relationship with our construction suppliers, we were able to effectively manage cash spending on construction, meantime, we are able to obtain additional funding support from local banks and financial institutions. Also, our principal shareholder, Mr. Xiaojun Zhu has been providing and will continue to provide his personal funds, if necessary, to support the Company on an as needed basis. In addition, the Company’s cash flows from pre-sales and current sales should provide financial support for our current developments and operations. For the both six months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, the Company had positive cash flow from operating. The Company believes it has sufficient working capital for the next twelve months.

 

In order to fully implement our business plan and sustain continued growth, we may also need to raise capital from outside investors. Our expectation, therefore, is that we will seek to access the capital markets in both the U.S. and China to obtain the funds as needed. At the present time, however, we do not have commitments of funds from any third party.

 

Cash Flow

 

Comparison of cash flows results is summarized as follows:

 

   Six months ended
March 31,
 
   2019   2018 
Net cash provided by operating activities  $7,465,174   $4,190,462 
Net cash used in investing activities   -    (398,269)
Net cash used in financing activities   (9,227,072)   (1,210,990)
Effect of change of foreign exchange rate on cash and restricted cash   127,062    372,555 
Net (decrease) increase in cash and restricted cash   (1,634,836)   2,953,758 
Cash and restricted cash, beginning of period   6,775,577    4,716,604 
Cash and restricted cash, end of period  $5,140,741   $7,670,362 

 

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Operating Activities

 

Net cash provided by operating activities during the six months ended March 31, 2019 was approximately $7.5 million, consisting of net income of approximately $0.8 million, noncash adjustments of $0.4 million and net changes in our operating assets and liabilities, which mainly included a decrease in real estate property under development by approximately $8.6 million due to sales of our Yang County Palace project and a decrease of approximately $1.3 million in contract receivable due to collection, offset with a decrease in customer deposit of approximately $3.0 million and reduced tax payable by $1.2 million due to tax payments made.

 

Net cash provided by operating activities during the six months ended March 31, 2018 was $4.2 million, consisting of net income of approximately $3.2 million, noncash adjustments of $0.9 million and net changes in our operating assets and liabilities, which mainly included a reduction of $14.3 million in real estate property completed due to our increased sales during the first half of fiscal 2018, offset by the increase in spending on real estate property under development of $6.5 million, paying off the accounts payable of $5.9 million and increase in cost and earnings in excess of billings of $1.5 million due to more sales during the first half of fiscal 2018.

 

Investing activities

 

Net cash used in investing activities for purchase of fixed assets during six months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 was $Nil and $0.4 million, respectively.

  

Financing Activities

 

Net cash flows used in financing activities was approximately $9.2 million for six months ended March 31, 2019, which mainly included a repayment of other bank loans of approximately $9.2 million during the six months ended March 31, 2019.

 

Net cash flows used in financing activities amounted to approximately $1.2 million for the six months ended March 31, 2018, which mainly included repayment of other bank loans of $0.9 million and repayment shareholder loan of $0.3 million.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We do not have any off-balance sheet arrangements.

 

Inflation

 

Inflation has not had a material impact on our business and we do not expect inflation to have a material impact on our business in the near future.

 

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ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURE ABOUT MARKET RISK

 

Foreign Exchange Risk

 

All of our net sales, and a majority of our costs and expenses are denominated in RMB. Although the conversion of RMB is highly regulated in China, the value of RMB against the value of the U.S. dollar or any other currency nonetheless may fluctuate and be affected by, among other things, changes in China’s political and economic conditions. Under current policy, the value of RMB is permitted to fluctuate within a narrow band against a basket of certain foreign currencies. China is currently under significant international pressures to liberalize this government currency policy, and if such liberalization were to occur, the value of RMB could appreciate or depreciate against the U.S. dollar.

 

Because substantially all of our earnings and majority of our cash assets are denominated in RMB, other than certain cash deposits we keep in a bank in Hong Kong and the U.S., appreciation or depreciation in the value of RMB relative to the U.S. dollar would affect our financial results reported in U.S. dollar terms without giving effect to any underlying change in our business or results of operations. Fluctuations in the exchange rate will also affect the relative value of any dividends we may issue in future that will be exchanged into U.S. dollars and earnings from, and the value of, any U.S. dollar-denominated investments we make in the future.

 

Very limited hedging transactions are available in China to reduce our exposure to exchange rate fluctuations. To date, we have not entered into any hedging transactions in an effort to reduce our exposure to foreign currency exchange risk. While we may decide to enter into hedging transactions in the future, the availability and effectiveness of these hedging transactions may be limited and we may not be able to successfully hedge our exposure at all. In addition, our currency exchange losses may be magnified by the PRC exchange control regulations that restrict our ability to convert RMB into foreign currency.

 

Interest Rate Risk

 

We have not been, nor do we anticipate being exposed to material risks due to changes in interest rates. Our risk exposure to changes in interest rates relates primarily to the interest income generated by cash deposited in interest-bearing savings accounts and interest expense on variable rate bank loan. We have not used, and do not expect to use in the future any derivative financial instruments to hedge our interest risk exposure. However, fluctuations in interest rates can lead to significant changes in our interest income and interest expense.

 

Credit Risk

 

We are exposed to credit risk from our cash in banks, accounts receivable and due from local government for real estate property development completed. The credit risk on cash in bank and fixed deposits is limited because the counterparties are recognized financial institutions. Accounts receivable are subjected to credit evaluations. An allowance would be made, if necessary, for estimated unrecoverable amounts by reference to past default experience, if any, and by reference to the current economic environment.

 

Inflation

 

Inflationary factors, such as increases in the cost of our products and overhead costs, could impair our operating results. Although we do not believe that inflation has had a material impact on our financial position or results of operations to date, a high rate of inflation in the future may have an adverse effect on our ability to maintain current levels of gross margin and selling, general and administrative expenses as a percentage of sales revenue if the selling prices of our products do not increase with these increased costs.

 

We Conduct Substantially All Our Business in Foreign Country

  

Substantially all of our operations are conducted in China and are subject to various political, economic, and other risks and uncertainties inherent in conducting business in China. Among other risks, our Company and our subsidiaries’ operations are subject to the risks of restrictions on transfer of funds; export duties, quotas, and embargoes; domestic and international customs and tariffs; changing taxation policies; foreign exchange restrictions; and political conditions and governmental regulations.

 

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ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, we conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures, as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, as of the end of the period covered by this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (the “Evaluation Date”). The evaluation of our disclosure controls and procedures included a review of our processes and the effect on the information generated for use in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. In the course of this evaluation, we sought to identify any material weaknesses in our disclosure controls and procedures and to confirm that any necessary corrective action, including process improvements, was taken. The purpose of this evaluation is to determine if, as of the Evaluation Date, our disclosure controls and procedures were operating effectively such that the information, required to be disclosed in our SEC reports (i) was recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in SEC rules and forms, and (ii) was accumulated and communicated to our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

 

Management conducted its evaluation of disclosure controls and procedures under the supervision of our chief executive officer and our chief financial officer. Based upon this evaluation, our principal executive officer and principal financial officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective as of March 31, 2019. Management is committed to improving the internal controls over financial reporting and will undertake the consistent improvements or enhancements on an ongoing basis. To remediate the material weakness and significant deficiencies and to prevent similar deficiencies in the future, we are currently evaluating additional controls and procedures, which may include:

 

Implementing an ongoing initiative and training in the Company to ensure the importance of internal controls and compliance to ensure that established policies and procedures are fully understood throughout the organization and plan to provide continuous U.S. GAAP knowledge training to relevant employees involved to ensure the performance of and compliance with those procedures and policies

 

The remedial measures being undertaken may not be fully effectuated or may be insufficient to address the significant deficiencies we identified, and there can be no assurance that significant deficiencies or material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting will not be identified or occur in the future. If additional significant deficiencies (or if material weaknesses) in our internal controls are discovered or occur in the future, among other similar or related effects: (i) the Company may fail to meet future reporting obligations on a timely basis, (ii) the Company’s consolidated financial statements may contain material misstatements, and (iii) the Company’s business and operating results may be harmed.

 

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

Except for the matters described above to improve our internal controls over financial reporting, there were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting for the three months ended March 31, 2019 that materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting, however, the Company is in the process of designing and planning to change as described above.

 

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PART II: OTHER INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

 

We may be subject to, from time to time, various legal proceedings relating to claims arising out of our operations in the ordinary course of our business. We are not currently a party to any legal proceedings, the adverse outcome of which, individually or in the aggregate, would have a material adverse effect on the business, financial condition, or results of operations of the Company.

 

ITEM 2. UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS

 

None.

 

ITEM 3. DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES

 

None.

 

ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

 

None.

 

ITEM 5. OTHER INFORMATION

 

None.

 

ITEM 6. EXHIBITS

 

(a) Exhibits

  

Exhibit Number   Description of Exhibit
     
31.1*   Rule 13a-14(a) Certification of Chief Executive Officer
     
31.2*   Rule 13a-14(a) Certification of Chief Financial Officer
     
32.1*   Section 1350 Certification of Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer
     
101.INS*   XBRL Instance
     
101.SCH*   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema
     
101.CAL*   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation
     
101.DEF*   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition
     
101.LAB*   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Labels
     
101.PRE*   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation

 

* Furnished electronically herewith

 

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  SIGNATURES

 

In accordance with the requirements of the Exchange Act, the registrant caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

  China HGS Real Estate, Inc.
     
May 14, 2019 By: /s/ Xiaojun Zhu
    Xiaojun Zhu
    Chief Executive Officer

 

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