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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
FORM10-K
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the fiscal year endedDecember 30, 2023
 
OR
  
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Commission File Number:1-14225
  
HNI Corporation
Iowa(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)42-0617510
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
600 East Second Street
P. O. Box 1109
Muscatine,Iowa52761-0071
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
(563)272-7400
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common StockHNINew York Stock Exchange
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:  None.
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.
Yes
No
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.
YesNo
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
Yes
No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).
Yes
No



Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company.  See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company," and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filer
Smaller reporting companyNon-accelerated filer
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management's assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.
If securities are registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act, indicate by check mark whether the financial statements of the registrant included in the filing reflect the correction of an error to previously issued financial statements.
Indicate by check mark whether any of those error corrections are restatements that required a recovery analysis of incentive-based compensation received by any of the registrant’s executive officers during the relevant recovery period pursuant to §240.10D-1(b).
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).
YesNo
The aggregate market value of the voting stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant as of July 1, 2023 was $949,370,143 based on the New York Stock Exchange closing price for such shares on that date, assuming for purposes of this calculation that all 10 percent holders and all directors and executive officers of the registrant are affiliates.

The number of shares outstanding of the registrant's common stock, as of February 2, 2024, was 46,888,790.

Documents Incorporated by Reference

Portions of the registrant's Definitive Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A for the Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be held on May 16, 2024 are incorporated by reference into Part III.



HNI Corporation and Subsidiaries
Annual Report on Form 10-K
Table of Contents
PART I
 Page
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 1B.
Item 1C.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
  
PART II
Item 5.
Item 6.
Item 7.
Item 7A.
Item 8.
Item 9.
Item 9A.
Item 9B.
Item 9C.
PART III
Item 10.
Item 11.
Item 12.
Item 13.
Item 14.
PART IV
Item 15.
Item 16.
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PART I

Item 1.  Business
General

HNI Corporation (the "Corporation," "we," "us," or "our") is a provider of workplace furnishings and residential building products, which are its two reportable segments. Workplace furnishings include furniture systems, seating, storage, tables, architectural products, ancillary products, and hospitality products. These products are sold primarily through a national system of independent dealers, office product distributors, eCommerce retailers, and wholesalers but also directly to end-user customers and federal, state, and local governments. Residential building products include a full array of gas, wood, electric, and pellet-fueled fireplaces, inserts, stoves, facings, outdoor fire pits and fire tables, and accessories. These products are sold through a national system of independent dealers and distributors, as well as Corporation-owned installing distribution and retail outlets. In fiscal 2023, the Corporation had net sales of $2.4 billion, of which $1.7 billion or 71 percent was attributable to the workplace furnishings segment and $0.7 billion or 29 percent was attributable to the residential building products segment.

The Corporation is an Iowa corporation incorporated in 1944. It is organized into a corporate headquarters and operating units with offices, manufacturing plants, distribution centers, and sales showrooms primarily in the United States, India, and Mexico. See "Item 2. Properties" for additional related discussion.

On June 1, 2023, the Corporation acquired Kimball International, Inc. ("Kimball International") in a cash and stock transaction valued at $503.7 million. The Corporation included the financial results of Kimball International in the Consolidated Financial Statements starting as of the date of acquisition. References to "legacy" herein exclude the impact of Kimball International.

For further information with respect to acquisitions, divestitures, operating segment information, and the Corporation’s operations in general, refer to "Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" in Part II of this report and the following sections in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements: "Note 1. Nature of Operations," "Note 4. Acquisitions and Divestitures," and "Note 16. Reportable Segment Information."

Markets

The Corporation competes in the workplace furnishings and residential building products markets principally by providing compelling value products designed to be among the best in their price range for product quality and performance, along with superior customer service and short lead-times. This is made possible, in part, by the Corporation’s ongoing investment in its brands, research and development efforts, efficient manufacturing operations, and extensive distribution network.

Workplace Furnishings
The North American workplace furnishings market consists of two primary channels — the contract channel and the small and medium-sized business ("SMB") channel. End-users across both channels are a mix of commercial, financial, healthcare, government, and education customers.

The contract channel has traditionally been characterized by sales of office furniture and services to large corporations and organizations, primarily for new office facilities, relocations, and/or office redesigns. Sales made through the contract channel are frequently customized to meet specific client and architect/designer preferences. End users generally purchase through independent office furniture dealers who prepare a custom-designed office layout emphasizing image and design. The selling process is complex, lengthy, and generally has several manufacturers competing for the same projects.

The SMB channel, in which the Corporation is a market leader, primarily represents smaller orders of office furniture that are less likely to involve an architect and/or designer. Sales in this channel are driven on the basis of price, product quality, selection, and the speed and reliability of delivery. Independent dealers, national office product distributors, eCommerce retailers, and wholesalers are the primary distribution channels in this market.

In addition to the above channels, the Corporation sells direct into the hospitality market through the Kimball Hospitality brand. The hospitality end market is served with a complete package of products for guest rooms and public spaces plus service support to the hospitality industry. Serving the hospitality market includes partnering with the most recognized hotel brands to meet their specific requirements for properties throughout the world by working with worldwide manufacturing partners to offer the best solution to fulfill the project.

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The workplace furnishings industry is highly competitive, with a significant number of competitors offering similar products. The Corporation competes by emphasizing its ability to deliver compelling value products, solutions, and a high level of tailored customer service. The Corporation competes with large workplace furnishings manufacturers, which cover a substantial portion of the North America market share in the workplace furnishings market. Competitors include manufacturers such as MillerKnoll, Inc., Steelcase, Inc., Haworth, Inc., The Global Group, Krueger International, Inc., and Teknion Corporation, as well as global importers. The Corporation faces significant price competition from its competitors and may encounter competition from new market entrants.

Residential Building Products
The Corporation also competes in the residential building products industry, where it is the North American market leader in hearth products. Hearth products are typically purchased by builders during the construction of new homes and homeowners during the renovation of existing homes. Both types of purchases involve seasonality with remodel/retrofit activity being particularly concentrated in the September to December timeframe. Distribution is primarily through independent and company-owned installing distributors and retail outlets.

The hearth products market is highly competitive with products manufactured by a number of national and regional competitors. The Corporation competes against a broad range of manufacturers, including Travis Industries, Inc., Innovative Hearth Products, Wolf Steel Ltd. (Napoleon), and FPI Fireplace Products International Ltd. (Regency).

Strategy

The Corporation’s strategy is to build on its position as a leading manufacturer of workplace furnishings and residential building products.

The foundation of the Corporation’s strategy continues to be its distinct member-owner culture, which has enabled HNI to attract, develop, retain, and motivate skilled, experienced, and efficient member-owners who are its employees, and which drives a unique level of commitment to the Corporation’s success. The Corporation aims to leverage this culture to enable profitable growth by focusing members’ efforts on the following three pillars:

Customer-First Mindset (focus on the customer) – The journeys customers take buying and using workplace furnishings and residential building products continue to rapidly evolve — presenting new opportunities to better serve them. The key to capitalizing on these changes is a deep understanding of customers. To that end, the Corporation continues to broaden its involvement in and understanding of the entire customer journey, by investing in data analytics, digital assets, branding, eCommerce capabilities, and market coverage. This customer-first mindset will allow the Corporation to identify and take advantage of new and developing market dynamics.

Effortless Winning Experiences (simplify the buying process) – Customers continue to raise their expectations and demand more effortless experiences. Buying office furniture and hearth products can be complicated and time-consuming. The Corporation’s deep understanding of the customer buying journey incorporates technology and digital assets to help customers navigate the buying process more quickly and with reduced effort. The Corporation has scale, price point breadth, product depth, and resources to lead this charge.

Own Operational Excellence (leverage lean heritage) – All HNI member-owners embrace the principles of lean manufacturing. Members utilize Rapid Continuous Improvement (RCI), which scrutinizes every facet of the business to identify areas of waste, and then refines and streamlines. RCI can be seen in action throughout the Corporation’s value chain from the manufacturing floor to the administrative offices to customer interactions, as members always look to find a better, more efficient, and more environmentally-friendly approach. This focus on RCI benefits stakeholders as the Corporation consistently delivers productivity and cost savings that allow it to grow earnings and invest in the future.

Management believes that the skillful execution of these strategic initiatives will support robust organic sales growth, margin expansion, improved returns, strong free cash flow, and position the Corporation for continued success.

Sales

Workplace Furnishings
The Corporation designs, manufactures, and markets a broad range of workplace furnishings. The Corporation offers a complete line of panel-based and freestanding office furniture systems, seating, benching, tables, architectural products, storage, ancillary
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products, hospitality products, and social collaborative items in order to meet the needs of a wide spectrum of organizations. Through its broad product offerings the Corporation is able to service business furniture needs in virtually any setting, including private office, open plan, conference rooms, training areas, cafes, lounges, collaborative spaces, healthcare, and hospitality spaces, among many others. The Corporation possesses significant expertise and vertical manufacturing capabilities allowing it the flexibility to design and manufacture new products in-house to meet changing market needs.

To meet the demands of various markets, the Corporation’s products are sold primarily under the Corporation’s brands:
HON®
Allsteel®
Beyond®
Gunlocke®
HBF®
HBF Textiles®
HNI India®
Kimball®
National®
Etc.®
Interwoven®
David Edward®
Kimball®Hospitality
D’style®

In 2023, the Corporation completed the previously announced exit of its OFM and Respawn brands.

The Corporation sells its products through various distribution channels, including the following:

Independent, local office products dealers that specialize in the sale of office furniture and/or office products to business, government, education, and health care entities.
National office product distributors that sell furniture and office supplies through a national network of dealerships and sales offices. These distributors also sell through on-line and retail office products stores.
eCommerce–focused resellers that sell a wide array of business and consumer products to commercial and non-commercial customers. Orders are fulfilled both by the Corporation and/or directly by the eCommerce reseller from inventory held in their facilities.
Wholesalers that serve as distributors of the Corporation’s products to independent dealers and national office products distributors. These wholesalers maintain inventories of standard product lines for quick delivery to customers.
Direct sales of products to federal, state, and local government offices, or in certain circumstances a lead selling relationship with an end-user.

The Corporation’s workplace furnishings sales force consists of sales managers, salespeople, and independent manufacturers’ representatives who collectively provide national sales coverage. Sales managers and salespeople are compensated by a combination of salary and variable performance compensation.

The Corporation also makes export sales through HNI International to independent office furniture dealers and wholesale distributors serving select foreign markets. Distributors are principally located in the Caribbean, Latin America, and Mexico. Through HNI India, the Corporation manufactures and distributes office furniture directly to end-users and through independent dealers and distributors primarily in India.

Residential Building Products
The Corporation’s residential building products segment includes the Hearth & Home Technologies LLC ("Hearth & Home") operating unit. Hearth & Home is North America’s largest manufacturer and marketer of prefabricated fireplaces, hearth stoves, and related products. These products are primarily for the home and are sold under the following widely recognized brands:
Heatilator®
Heat & Glo®
Majestic®
Monessen®
Quadra-Fire®
Harman®                        
Vermont Castings®
PelPro®
StellarTM
SimpliFire®
The Outdoor GreatRoom Company®
Forge & FlameTM

The Corporation’s line of hearth products includes a full array of gas, wood, electric, and pellet-fueled fireplaces, inserts, stoves, facings, outdoor fire pits and fire tables, and accessories. Heatilator®, Heat & Glo®, Majestic®, Monessen®, and StellarTM are brand leaders in the two largest segments of the home fireplace market: gas and wood fireplaces. The Corporation is a leader in
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"direct vent" fireplaces, which replaces the chimney-venting system used in traditional fireplaces with a less expensive vent through the roof or an outer wall. In addition, the Corporation is a market leader in wood and pellet-burning stoves with its Quadra-Fire®, Harman®, Vermont Castings®, and PelPro® product lines, which provide home heating solutions using renewable fuels.

Hearth & Home sells its products through independent dealers, distributors, and 28 Corporation-owned installing distribution and retail outlets. The distribution and retail brand of this operating unit is Fireside Hearth & Home. The business has a field sales organization of sales managers, salespeople, and independent manufacturers’ representatives.

Largest Customers
In fiscal 2023, the Corporation’s five largest customers represented approximately 17 percent of its consolidated net sales. No single customer accounted for 10 percent or more of the Corporation’s consolidated net sales in fiscal 2023, and management does not consider the Corporation’s operations or financial performance to be materially dependent on any individual customer. The substantial purchasing power exercised by large customers may adversely affect the prices at which the Corporation can successfully offer its products.

Resources

Manufacturing
The Corporation manufactures workplace furnishings in Georgia, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, New York, North Carolina, India, and Mexico. The Corporation manufactures hearth products in Iowa, Minnesota, Pennsylvania, and Vermont.

The Corporation purchases raw materials, components, and finished goods from a variety of suppliers, and most items are generally available from multiple sources. Major raw materials include steel, aluminum, zinc, lumber, veneer, particleboard, textiles, paint, hardware, glass, plastic products, packaging, foam, and fiberglass.

Since its inception, the Corporation has focused on making its manufacturing facilities and processes more flexible while reducing cost, eliminating waste, and improving product quality. The Corporation applies the principles of RCI and a lean manufacturing philosophy to leverage the creativity of its members to reduce and/or eliminate costs. The application of RCI has increased productivity by reducing set-up, processing times, square footage, inventory levels, product costs, and delivery times, while improving quality and enhancing member safety. The Corporation’s RCI process involves members, customers, and suppliers. Manufacturing also plays a key role in the Corporation’s concurrent research and development process in order to design new products for ease of manufacturability.

Research and Development
The Corporation’s research and development efforts are primarily focused on developing relevant and differentiated end-user solutions emphasizing quality, aesthetics, style, sustainable design, and reduced manufacturing costs. The Corporation accomplishes this through improving existing products, extending product lines, applying ergonomic research, improving manufacturing processes, and leveraging alternative materials. The Corporation conducts its research and development efforts at both the corporate and operating unit levels. See "Note 2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies" in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for amounts that the Corporation has invested in research and development.

Intellectual Property
As of December 30, 2023, the Corporation owned 183 United States and 127 foreign patents with expiration dates through 2042 and had applications pending for 41 United States and 23 foreign patents. In addition, the Corporation holds 281 United States and 420 foreign trademark registrations and has applications pending for 48 United States and 58 foreign trademarks. The acquisition of Kimball International in 2023 included a number of patents and trademarks. The Corporation believes neither any individual workplace furnishings patent nor the Corporation’s workplace furnishings patents in the aggregate are material to the Corporation’s business as a whole. The Corporation’s patents covering its residential building products protect various technical innovations. While the acquisition of patents reflects Hearth & Home’s position in the market as an innovation leader, the Corporation believes neither any individual residential building product patent nor the Corporation’s residential building product patents in the aggregate are material to the Corporation’s business as a whole.

The Corporation applies for patent protection when it believes the expense of doing so is justified and the duration of its registered patents is adequate to protect these rights. The Corporation also pays royalties in certain instances for the use of patents on products and processes owned by others.

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The Corporation applies for trademark protection for brands and products when it believes the expense of doing so is justified. The Corporation actively protects trademarks it believes have significant value. The Corporation believes neither the loss of any individual trademark nor the loss of the Corporation’s trademarks in the aggregate would materially adversely affect the Corporation’s business as a whole, except for HON®, Allsteel®, Kimball®, National®, Heat & Glo®, and Heatilator®.

Environmental Regulations and Sustainability

The Corporation is subject to a variety of environmental laws and regulations governing the use of materials and substances in products, the management of wastes resulting from use of certain material, the emission of pollutants from its operations, and the remediation of contamination associated with past releases of hazardous substances. Although the Corporation believes it is compliant with the various regulations applicable to its business, there can be no assurance requirements will not change in the future or the Corporation will not incur material costs to comply with such regulations. The Corporation has trained staff responsible for monitoring compliance with environmental, health, and safety requirements. The Corporation’s staff works with responsible personnel at each manufacturing facility, the Corporation’s legal counsel, and consultants on the management of environmental, health, and safety issues. The Corporation’s environmental objective is to reduce and, when practicable, eliminate the human and ecosystem impacts of materials and manufacturing processes.

Compliance with federal, state, and local environmental regulations has not had a material effect on the capital expenditures, earnings, or competitive position of the Corporation to date and is not expected to have such a material effect in the near future. However, there is no assurance environmental requirements or technology will not change or the Corporation will not incur material costs to comply with such regulations.

The Corporation has expanded its Corporate Social Responsibility commitment and has become a signatory to the UN Global Compact, joined RE100, committed to 100 percent renewable electricity annually by 2030, and set aggressive science-based carbon emission reduction goals aligned with the 2015 Paris Agreement. To support these goals, the Corporation has established metrics to divert waste from landfill, reduce energy use, and lower greenhouse gas emissions from its operations. The Corporation also has committed to reducing the impacts of its products through evaluations of design and development, suppliers, and supply chain performance. Integrating these sustainable objectives into core business systems is consistent with the Corporation’s vision, ensures its commitment to being a sustainable enterprise, and remains a priority for members. For more detailed information regarding its environmental and social goals, priorities, accomplishments, and initiatives, please refer to the Corporation’s Corporate Social Responsibility report available on its website.

Human Capital

As of December 30, 2023, the Corporation employed approximately 8,200 persons, including fewer than 100 temporary personnel.

Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion
The Corporation’s goal is for every member to always feel represented, included, and heard. The Corporation believes in:

Unique perspectives. Diverse backgrounds bring unique perspectives, helping to drive innovation and growth.

Fair and inclusive treatment. The Corporation seeks to treat all members with fairness and respect, ensuring all voices are heard, and allowing everyone to make meaningful contributions.

Accountability. Through regular training and everyday business practices, the Corporation promotes accountability for diversity.

Transparent communication. Members at every level have frequent opportunities to raise and address concerns with company leaders and attend meetings to learn and ask questions about the business.

For further information regarding its member-owner culture, initiatives, and goals, including in the areas of diversity, equity, and inclusion, please refer to the Corporation’s Corporate Social Responsibility report available on its website.

Member Development
All members have the opportunity to achieve and succeed in their careers. The Corporation invests in apprenticeships, on-the-job training, robust performance and talent-management processes, and leadership development programs.

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Member Compensation and Benefits
The Corporation’s compensation and benefits programs are competitive and equitable, designed to attract, retain, and motivate its members. Through stock-based plans and profit sharing, most members benefit from the success of the Corporation as a whole. This creates a strong culture of shared responsibility, empowered accountability for all outcomes, and an ongoing enthusiasm for improvement.

The Corporate Social Responsibility report does not form a part of and is not incorporated into this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Available Information

Information regarding the Corporation’s annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and any amendments to these reports, will be made available, free of charge, on the Corporation’s website at www.hnicorp.com, as soon as reasonably practicable after the Corporation electronically files such reports with or furnishes them to the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC"). The information on the Corporation’s website is not, and shall not be, deemed to be a part hereof or incorporated into this or any of the Corporation’s other filings with the SEC. The Corporation’s SEC filings are also available on the SEC website at www.sec.gov.

Forward-Looking Statements

Statements in this report to the extent they are not statements of historical or present fact, including statements as to plans, outlook, objectives, and future financial performance, are "forward-looking" statements, within the meaning of Section 21 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Words such as "anticipate," "believe," "could," "confident," "estimate," "expect," "forecast," "hope," "intend," "likely," "may," "plan," "possible," "potential," "predict," "project," "should," "will," "would," and variations of such words and similar expressions identify forward-looking statements.

Forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks and uncertainties, which may cause the Corporation’s actual results in the future to differ materially from expected results. The most significant factors known to the Corporation that may adversely affect the Corporation’s business, operations, industries, financial position, or future financial performance are described later in this report under the heading "Item 1A. Risk Factors." The Corporation cautions readers not to place undue reliance on any forward-looking statement, which is based necessarily on assumptions made at the time the Corporation provides such statement, and to recognize forward-looking statements are predictions of future results, which may not occur as anticipated. Actual results could differ materially from those anticipated in the forward-looking statements and from historical results due to the risks and uncertainties described elsewhere in this report, including but not limited to: the Corporation’s ultimate realization of the anticipated benefits of the acquisition of Kimball International and the sale of Poppin; disruptions in the global supply chain; the effects of prolonged periods of inflation and rising interest rates; labor shortages; the levels of office furniture needs and housing starts; overall demand for the Corporation’s products; general economic and market conditions in the United States and internationally; industry and competitive conditions; the consolidation and concentration of the Corporation’s customers; the Corporation’s reliance on its network of independent dealers; changes in trade policy; changes in raw material, component, or commodity pricing; market acceptance and demand for the Corporation’s new products; changing legal, regulatory, environmental, and healthcare conditions; the risks associated with international operations; the potential impact of product defects; the various restrictions on the Corporation’s financing activities; an inability to protect the Corporation’s intellectual property; cybersecurity threats, including those posed by potential ransomware attacks; impacts of tax legislation; force majeure events outside the Corporation’s control, including those that may result from the effects of climate change; and other risks as described under the heading "Item 1A. Risk Factors," as well as others that the Corporation may consider not material or does not anticipate at this time. The risks and uncertainties described in this report, including those under the heading "Item 1A. Risk Factors," are not exclusive and further information concerning the Corporation, including factors that potentially could have a material effect on the Corporation’s financial results or condition, may emerge from time to time.

The Corporation assumes no obligation to update, amend, or clarify forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events, or otherwise, except as required by applicable law. The Corporation advises you, however, to consult any further disclosures made on related subjects in future quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and current reports on Form 8-K filed with or furnished to the SEC.






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Item 1A.  Risk Factors

The following risk factors and other information included in this report should be carefully considered. If any of the following risks occur, the Corporation’s business, operating results, cash flows, or financial condition could be materially adversely affected.

INDUSTRY AND ECONOMIC RISKS

Unfavorable economic and industry factors could adversely affect the Corporation’s business, operating results, or financial condition.

Workplace, health care, and hospitality furnishings industry sales are impacted by a variety of macroeconomic factors including service-sector employment levels, corporate profits, business confidence, commercial construction, office vacancy rates, and new hospitality refurbishment rates. Industry factors, including corporate restructuring, technology changes, corporate relocations, health and safety concerns, including ergonomic considerations, and the globalization of companies also influence workplace furnishings industry revenues. In addition, adoption of hybrid working models following the COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in a significant decrease in worker attendance at their office location. Despite office re-entry in many markets, office occupancy levels remain below historic levels. Lower office occupancy levels have had and could continue to have an adverse impact on the demand for workplace furnishings.

Residential building products industry sales are impacted by a variety of macroeconomic factors including housing starts, housing inventory, home sales, overall employment levels, interest rates, home affordability, consumer confidence, energy costs, disposable income, and changing demographics. Industry factors, such as technology changes, health and safety concerns, and environmental regulation, including indoor air quality standards, also influence residential building products industry revenues. Deterioration of economic conditions or a slowdown in the homebuilding industry and the hearth products market could decrease demand for residential building products and have additional adverse effects on operating results.

Deteriorating economic conditions, which may be caused by uncertainties and volatility in the financial markets, rising or sustained inflation and interest rates, and potential economic recessions, could affect the Corporation’s business significantly, including reduced demand for products, insolvency of independent dealers resulting in increased provisions for credit losses, insolvency of key suppliers resulting in product delays, inability of customers to obtain credit to finance purchases of products, and decreased customer demand, including order delays or cancellations. In a recessionary economy, business confidence, service-sector employment, corporate cash flows, and residential and non-residential commercial construction often decrease, which typically leads to a decrease in demand for workplace furnishings and residential building products.

The workplace, health care, and hospitality furnishings and residential building products industries are highly competitive and, as a result, the Corporation may not be successful in winning new business.

The workplace, health care, and hospitality furnishings and residential building products industries are highly competitive. Many of the Corporation’s competitors in both industries offer similar products. Competitive factors include price, delivery and service, brand recognition, product design, product quality, strength of dealers and other distributors, and relationships with customers and key influencers, including architects, designers, home-builders, and facility managers. In both industries, most of the top competitors have an installed base of products that can be a source of significant future sales through repeat and expansion orders. The Corporation’s main competitors manufacture products with strong acceptance in the marketplace and are capable of developing products that have a competitive advantage, which could make it difficult for the Corporation to win new business.

In both the workplace furnishings and residential building products industries, the Corporation faces price competition from competitors and from new market entrants who may manufacture and source products from lower cost countries. Price competition impacts the Corporation’s ability to implement price increases or, in some cases, even maintain prices, which could lower profit margins and adversely affect future financial performance.

Changes in industry dynamics, including demand and order patterns from customers, distribution changes, or the loss of a significant number of dealers, could adversely affect the Corporation’s business, operating results, or financial condition.

Consolidation among the Corporation’s customers may result in a smaller number of total customers, but an increase in large customers whose size and purchasing power give them increased leverage that may result in, among other things, decreases in average selling prices. In addition, further consolidations may lead to fluctuations in revenue, increases in costs to meet demands
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of large customers, and pressure to accept onerous contract terms, and the Corporation’s business, financial condition, and operating results could be harmed.

The Corporation sells products through multiple distribution channels, which primarily include independent dealers, national dealers, wholesalers, sales representatives, and eCommerce. Within these distribution channels, there has been, and may continue to be, consolidation. The Corporation relies on distribution partners to provide a variety of important specification, installation, and after-market services to customers. Some distribution partners may terminate their relationship with the Corporation at any time and for any reason. Loss or termination of a significant number of reseller relationships could cause difficulties in marketing and distributing products, resulting in a decline in sales, which may adversely affect the Corporation’s business, operating results, or financial condition.

In addition, individual dealers may not continue to be viable and profitable and may suffer from a lack of available credit. While the Corporation is not significantly dependent on any single dealer, if dealers go out of business or are restructured, the Corporation may suffer losses as the dealers may not be able to pay the Corporation for products previously delivered to them.

The loss of a dealer relationship could negatively affect the Corporation’s ability to maintain market share in the affected geographic market and to compete for and service clients in that market until a new dealer relationship is established. Establishing a viable dealer in a market can take a significant amount of time and resources. The loss or termination of a significant dealer or a substantial number of dealer relationships could cause significant difficulties in marketing and distributing the Corporation’s products, resulting in a decline in sales and/or impairment of the Corporation’s contract assets related to distribution agreements with the respective dealers.

Evolving trade policy between the United States and other countries may have an adverse effect on the Corporation’s business and results of operations.

The Corporation has a global supply chain for products used in workplace furnishings and residential building products. Actions taken by the United States government to apply tariffs on certain products could have long-term impacts on existing supply chains. The situation could impact the competitive environment depending on the severity and duration of current and future policy changes. This may manifest in additional costs on the business, including costs with respect to products upon which the business depends. Increased costs could further lower profit margins as the Corporation may be challenged in effectively increasing the prices of its products, and its business and results of operations may be adversely affected.

Certain foreign governments have imposed tariffs on goods that their countries import from the United States. Changes in United States trade policy could result in one or more foreign governments adopting trade policies that make it more difficult or costly for the Corporation to do business in those countries.

The Corporation cannot predict the extent to which the United States or other countries will impose quotas, duties, tariffs, taxes, or other similar restrictions upon the import or export of products in the future, nor can the Corporation predict future trade policy or the terms of any renegotiated trade agreements and their impact on the business. The adoption and expansion of trade restrictions, the occurrence of a trade war, or other governmental action related to tariffs or trade agreements or policies has the potential to adversely impact demand for products, costs, customers, suppliers, and the United States economy, which in turn could have a material adverse effect on the Corporation’s business, operating results, and financial condition.

The Corporation’s profitability may be adversely affected by increases in raw material and commodity costs as well as transportation and shipping challenges.

Fluctuations in the price and availability of commodities, raw materials, components, and finished goods could have an adverse effect on costs of sales, profitability, and ability to meet customers’ demand. The Corporation sources commodities, raw materials, components, and finished goods from domestic and international suppliers. From both domestic and international suppliers, the cost and availability of commodities, raw materials, components, and finished goods including steel have been significantly affected in recent years by, among other things, changes in global supply and demand, the COVID-19 pandemic, changes in laws and regulations (including tariffs and duties), changes in exchange rates and worldwide price levels, inflationary forces, natural disasters, labor disputes, military action, terrorism, and political unrest or instability. These factors could lead to price volatility or supply interruptions in the future. Profit margins could be adversely affected if commodity, raw material, component, and finished good costs increase and the Corporation is either unable to offset such costs through strategic sourcing initiatives and continuous improvement programs or, as a result of competitive market dynamics, unable to pass along a portion of the higher costs to customers.

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The Corporation relies primarily on third-party freight and transportation providers to deliver products to customers. Increasing demand for freight providers and a shortage of qualified drivers has caused delays and may cause future delays in shipments and increase the cost to ship its products, which may adversely affect profitability. The Corporation also imports and exports products and components, primarily using container ships, which load and unload through North American ports. Capacity-related and/or port-caused delays in the shipment or receipt of products and components, including labor disputes, have caused and could cause delayed receipt of products and components, which may adversely affect sales and profitability.

STRATEGIC AND OPERATIONAL RISKS

If customers do not perceive the Corporation’s products and services to be of good value, the Corporation’s brand and name recognition and reputation could suffer.

The Corporation believes that establishing and maintaining good brand and name recognition and a good reputation is critical to its business. In certain parts of the market, promotion and enhancement of the Corporation’s name and brands will depend on the effectiveness of marketing and advertising efforts and on successfully providing design-driven, innovative, and high-quality products and superior services. If customers do not perceive the Corporation’s products and services to be design-driven, innovative and of high quality, its reputation, brand and name recognition could suffer, which could have a material adverse effect on the Corporation’s business.

The Corporation’s efforts to introduce new products to meet customer and workplace demands may not be successful, which could limit sales growth or cause its sales to decline.

To meet the changing needs of customers and keep pace with market trends and evolving regulatory and industry requirements, including environmental, health, safety, and similar standards for the workplace and for product performance, the Corporation regularly introduces new workplace furnishings and residential building products. The introduction of new products requires the coordination of the design, manufacturing, and marketing of the products, which may be affected by uncontrollable factors. The design and engineering of certain new products varies but can extend beyond a year, and further time may be required to achieve client acceptance. The Corporation may face difficulties if it cannot successfully align itself with independent architects, home-builders, and designers who are able to design, in a timely manner, high-quality products consistent with the Corporation’s image and customers’ needs. Accordingly, the launch of a product may be later or less successful than originally anticipated, limiting sales growth or causing sales to decline.

Natural disasters, acts of God, force majeure events, or other catastrophic events may impact the Corporation’s production capacity and, in turn, negatively impact profitability.

Natural disasters, acts of God, global pandemics or epidemics, force majeure events, or other catastrophic events, including severe weather, military action, terrorist attacks, power interruptions, floods, and fires, could disrupt operations and the ability to produce or deliver products. Some of the Corporation’s production facilities, members, and key management are located within a small geographic area in eastern Iowa located near the Mississippi River, and a natural disaster or catastrophe in the area, such as flooding or severe storms, could have a significant adverse effect on the results of operations and business conditions. Further, several of the Corporation’s production facilities are single-site manufacturers of certain products, and an adverse event affecting any of those facilities could significantly delay production of certain products and adversely affect operations and business conditions. Members are an integral part of the business and events such as those described above could negatively impact the availability of members reporting for work. In the event the Corporation experiences a temporary or permanent interruption in its ability to produce or deliver product, revenues could be reduced, and business could be materially adversely affected. In addition, any continuing disruption in the Corporation’s computer system could adversely affect the ability to receive and process customers’ orders, procure materials, manufacture products and ship products on a timely basis, which could adversely affect relations with customers and potentially reduce customer orders or result in the loss of customers.

The Corporation’s business and operations are subject to risks related to climate change.

The long-term effects of global climate change could present both physical risks and transition risks (such as regulatory, supply chain, or technology changes), which could be widespread and unpredictable. These changes over time could affect the availability and cost of raw materials, commodities, and energy (including utilities), which in turn may impact the Corporation’s ability to procure goods or services required for the operation of the Corporation’s business at the quantities and levels the Corporation requires. Additionally, the Corporation has facilities located in areas that may be impacted by the physical risks of climate change, including flooding, and faces the risk of losses incurred as a result of physical damage to its facilities and inventory as well as business interruption caused by such events. Furthermore, periods of extended inclement weather or
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associated flooding may inhibit construction activity utilizing the Corporation’s products and delay shipments of products to customers. The Corporation uses natural gas, diesel fuel, gasoline and electricity in its operations, all of which could face increased regulation as a result of climate change or other environmental concerns. The increased prevalence of global climate issues may result in new regulations that negatively impact the Corporation, including regulations limiting emissions from, or restricting the use of wood, coal, natural gas, or other fuel sources in, fireplaces and heating appliances, which may impair the Corporation’s ability to market and sell those products. Any such events could have a material adverse effect on the Corporation’s costs or results of operations.

A continued shortage of qualified labor could negatively affect the Corporation’s business and materially reduce earnings.

The Corporation has experienced shortages of qualified labor across its operations. Outside suppliers that the Corporation relies upon have also experienced shortages of qualified labor. The success of the Corporation’s operations depends on its ability, and the ability of third parties upon which the Corporation relies, to identify, recruit, develop, and retain qualified and talented individuals in order to supply and deliver the Corporation’s products. A shortage of qualified labor could have a negative effect on the Corporation’s business. Member recruitment, development, and retention efforts may not be successful, which could result in a shortage of qualified individuals in future periods. Any such shortage could decrease the Corporation’s ability to effectively produce workplace furnishings and residential building products and meet customer demand. Such a shortage would also likely lead to higher wages for employees (or higher costs to purchase the services of such third parties) and a corresponding reduction in the Corporation’s results of operations. A shortage of qualified labor in certain geographies, particularly with plant production workers, could result in increased costs from certain temporary wage actions, such as hiring and referral bonus programs. Such shortages for a prolonged period of time could have a material adverse effect on the Corporation’s operating results.

The Corporation’s failure to retain its existing management team, maintain its engineering, finance, technical, and manufacturing process expertise, or continue to attract qualified personnel could adversely affect the Corporation’s business.

The Corporation depends significantly on its executive officers and other key personnel. The Corporation’s success is also dependent on keeping pace with technological advancements and adapting services to provide manufacturing capabilities that meet customers’ changing needs. To do so, the Corporation must retain qualified engineering and technical personnel and successfully anticipate and respond to technological changes in a cost effective and timely manner. The Corporation focuses on continuous training, motivation, and development of its members, and it strives to attract and retain qualified personnel. Failure to retain the Corporation’s executive officers and retain and attract other key personnel could adversely affect the Corporation’s business.

The Corporation’s strategy is partially based on growth through acquisitions or strategic alliances. Failure to properly identify, value, and manage acquisitions or alliances may negatively affect the Corporation’s business, results of operations and financial condition.

One of the Corporation’s growth strategies is to supplement its organic growth through acquisitions and strategic alliances, which may include transactions with other manufacturers of workplace furnishings and residential building products or distributors of workplace furnishings and residential building products. The Corporation may not be successful in identifying suitable acquisition or alliance opportunities, prevailing against competing potential acquirers, negotiating appropriate acquisition terms, obtaining financing, completing proposed acquisitions or alliances, or expanding into new markets or product categories. If the Corporation fails to effectively identify, value, consummate, or manage any acquired company, it may not realize the potential growth opportunities or achieve the financial results anticipated at the time of the acquisition or alliance. An acquisition or alliance could also adversely impact the Corporation’s operating performance or cash flow due to, among other things, the issuance of acquisition-related debt, pre-acquisition assumed liabilities, undisclosed facts about the business, or acquisition expense. The Corporation’s ability to grow through future acquisitions will depend, in part, on the availability of suitable acquisition candidates at an acceptable price, the ability to compete effectively for these acquisition candidates, and the availability of capital to complete the acquisitions. Any potential acquisition may not be successful and could adversely affect the Corporation’s business, operating results, or financial condition.

The Corporation may not be able to successfully integrate and manage acquired businesses and alliances.

The benefits of acquisitions or alliances pursued as one of the Corporation’s growth strategies may take more time than expected to develop or integrate into operations. In addition, an acquisition or alliance may not perform as anticipated, be accretive to earnings, or prove to be beneficial to the Corporation’s operations and cash flow. Acquisitions and alliances involve a number of risks, including:
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diversion of management’s attention from operations;
difficulties in assimilating the operations and products of an acquired business or in realizing projected efficiencies, cost savings and revenue synergies;
potential loss of key employees or customers of the acquired businesses or adverse effects on existing business relationships with suppliers and customers;
negative impact on member morale and performance as a result of job changes and reassignments;
reallocation of amounts of capital from other operating initiatives or an increase in leverage and debt service requirements to pay the acquisition purchase prices, which could in turn restrict the ability to access additional capital when needed or to pursue other important elements of the business strategy;
inaccurate assessment of undisclosed, contingent, or other liabilities or problems and unanticipated costs associated with the acquisition;
possible tax costs or inefficiencies associated with integrating the operations of a combined company; and
incorrect estimates made in accounting for acquisitions, incurrence of non-recurring charges, and write-off of significant amounts of goodwill that could adversely affect the financial results.

The Corporation may not achieve the intended benefits of its recent merger with Kimball International.

There can be no assurance that the Corporation will be able to successfully integrate Kimball International’s assets or otherwise realize the expected benefits of the transaction (including operating and other cost synergies). Difficulties in integrating Kimball International into the Corporation may result in the Corporation performing differently than expected, in operational challenges, in the failure to realize anticipated run-rate cost synergies and efficiencies in the expected time frame or at all, or in the difficulty or failure of utilizing available U.S. tax attributes, in which case the merger may not be accretive to earnings per share, may not improve the Corporation’s balance sheet position, may not enhance the Corporation’s ability to de-lever and may not generate additional free cash flow due to reduced cash tax payments. The integration of the two companies may result in material challenges, including the diversion of management’s attention from ongoing business concerns; retaining key management and other employees; retaining or attracting business and operational relationships; the possibility of faulty assumptions underlying expectations regarding the integration process and associated expenses; consolidating corporate and administrative infrastructures and eliminating duplicative operations; coordinating geographically separate organizations; unanticipated issues in integrating information technology, communications and other systems; as well as potential unknown liabilities, or unforeseen expenses relating to integration.

The future results of the Corporation may be adversely impacted if the Corporation does not effectively manage its expanded operations following the completion of the merger with Kimball International.

The Corporation’s business is significantly larger than the pre-merger size of either the Corporation’s or Kimball International’s respective businesses. The Corporation’s ability to successfully manage this expanded business will depend, in part, upon management’s ability to design and implement strategic initiatives that address not only the integration of two independent stand-alone companies, but also the increased scale and scope of the combined business with its associated increased costs and complexity. There can be no assurances that the combined company will be successful or that it will realize the expected operating efficiencies, cost savings and other benefits currently anticipated from the merger.

The combined company incurred substantial expenses related to the completion of the merger of the Corporation with Kimball International and expects to continue to incur substantial expenses relating to their integration.

In connection with the merger and ongoing integration efforts, the combined company incurred and is expected to continue to incur substantial expenses. There are a large number of processes, policies, procedures, operations, technologies and systems that must be integrated, potentially including purchasing, accounting and finance, sales, payroll, pricing, revenue management, marketing and benefits. The substantial majority of these costs are non-recurring expenses related to the merger (including financing of the merger), facilities and systems consolidation. The Corporation may incur additional costs to maintain employee morale and to attract, motivate or retain management personnel and other key employees. The Corporation and Kimball International also incurred transaction fees and costs related to formulating integration plans for the combined business, and the execution of these plans may lead to additional unanticipated costs. These incremental transaction- and merger-related costs may exceed the savings the combined company expects to achieve from the elimination of duplicative costs and the realization of other efficiencies related to the integration of the businesses, particularly in the near term and in the event there are material unanticipated costs.

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Uncertainties associated with the merger with Kimball International may cause a loss of management personnel and other key employees, and the Corporation may have difficulty attracting and motivating management personnel and other key employees, which could adversely affect the future business and operations of the Corporation after the completion of the merger.

The Corporation is dependent on the experience and industry knowledge of its management personnel and other key employees to execute its business plans. The success of the Corporation after the completion of the merger with Kimball International depends in part upon the ability of the Corporation to attract, motivate and retain key management personnel and other key employees. Current and prospective employees of the Corporation may experience uncertainty about their roles within the combined company, which may have an adverse effect on the ability of the Corporation to attract, motivate or retain management personnel and other key employees. In addition, no assurance can be given that the Corporation will be able to attract, motivate or retain management personnel and other key employees of the Corporation to the same extent that the Corporation and Kimball International have previously been able to attract or retain their own employees prior to the merger.

The merger with Kimball International may result in a loss of customers, distributors, suppliers, vendors, landlords and other business partners and may result in the termination of existing contracts.

Some of the customers, distributors, suppliers, vendors, landlords and other business partners of Kimball International may terminate or scale back their current or prospective business relationships with the Corporation. Some customers may not wish to source a larger percentage of their needs from a single company or may feel that the Corporation is too closely allied with one of its former competitors. If relationships with customers, distributors, suppliers, vendors, landlords and other business partners are adversely affected by the merger, or if the Corporation loses the benefits of the contracts of Kimball International, the Corporation’s business and financial performance could suffer.

The combined company has significantly more indebtedness than the indebtedness of the Corporation prior to the merger.

Upon completion of the merger, the Corporation incurred approximately $390.2 million in additional indebtedness and as of December 30, 2023 has consolidated indebtedness of approximately $435.8 million, up from $207.9 million before the merger. The increased indebtedness of the combined company in comparison to that of the Corporation on a historical basis may have the effect, among other things, of reducing the flexibility of the Corporation to respond to changing business and economic conditions and increasing borrowing costs.

If the Corporation incurs additional indebtedness in future periods, the risks related to the substantial indebtedness of the Corporation after the completion of the merger may intensify.

The market price of the Corporation’s common stock after the merger may be affected by factors different from those affecting the price of the Corporation’s common stock before the merger with Kimball International.

As the businesses of the Corporation and Kimball International are different, the results of operations as well as the price of the Corporation’s common stock may be affected by factors different from those factors that affected the Corporation before the merger. Following the transaction, the Corporation faces additional risks and uncertainties that the Corporation or Kimball International may not have previously been exposed to as independent companies.

Goodwill and other intangible assets represent a significant amount of the Corporation’s total assets, and an impairment charge would adversely affect the Corporation’s financial results.

The Corporation recorded $272.8 million of goodwill and other intangible assets in connection with the merger with Kimball International, and as of December 30, 2023, the Corporation’s goodwill and other intangible assets of $651.9 million represented approximately 34 percent of its total consolidated assets. Goodwill and other acquired intangible assets with indefinite lives are recorded at fair value at the time of acquisition and are not amortized, but reviewed for impairment annually or more frequently if an event occurs or circumstances change making it reasonably possible an impairment may exist. In evaluating the potential for impairment of goodwill and other intangible assets, the Corporation makes assumptions regarding future operating performance, business trends and market and economic performance, and the Corporation’s sales, operating margins, growth rates and discount rates. There are inherent uncertainties related to these factors. If the Corporation experiences disruptions in its business, unexpected significant declines in operating results, a divestiture of a significant component of its business, declines in the market value of equity, or other factors causing the Corporation’s goodwill or intangible assets to be impaired, the Corporation could be required to recognize additional non-cash impairment charges, which would adversely affect the results of operations. See "Note 6. Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets" for information on impairment charges.


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Increasing healthcare costs could adversely affect the Corporation’s business, operating results, and financial condition.
 
The Corporation provides healthcare benefits to the majority of its members and is self-insured. Healthcare costs have continued to rise over time, which increases the annual spending on healthcare and could adversely affect the Corporation’s business, operating results, and financial condition.

The Corporation’s international operations expose it to risks related to conducting business in multiple jurisdictions outside the United States.

The Corporation manufactures, markets, and sells products in international markets.

The Corporation’s international sales and operations are subject to a number of additional risks, including:

social and political turmoil, official corruption, and civil and labor unrest;
restrictive government actions, including the imposition of trade quotas and tariffs and restrictions on transfers of funds;
changes in labor laws and regulations affecting the ability to hire, retain, or dismiss employees;
the need to comply with multiple and potentially conflicting laws and regulations, including environmental and corporate laws and regulations;
the failure of the Corporation’s compliance programs and internal training to prevent violations of the United States Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and similar anti-bribery laws;
preference for locally branded products and laws and business practices favoring local competition;
less effective protection of intellectual property and increased possibility of loss due to cyber-theft and ransomware attacks;
unfavorable business conditions or economic instability in any country or region;
infrastructure disruptions;
potentially conflicting cultural and business practices;
difficulty in obtaining distribution and support; and
changes to border taxes or other international tax reforms.

These risks may be elevated given the current uncertainties around the impact of the conflicts in Europe and the Middle East, ongoing disputes and increased tensions related to global trade, and complexities with foreign regulatory environments including the decreased ability of United States regulators to exercise oversight of subsidiaries of United States companies based in certain international jurisdictions.

Additionally, although the Corporation primarily sells products and reports the financial results in United States dollars, increased business in countries outside the United States creates exposure to fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates. Paying expenses in other currencies can result in a significant increase or decrease in the amount of those expenses in terms of United States dollars, which may affect profits. In the future, any foreign currency appreciation relative to the United States dollar would increase expenses that are denominated in that currency. Additionally, as the Corporation reports currency in the United States dollar, the financial position is affected by the strength of the currencies in countries where the Corporation has operations relative to the strength of the United States dollar.

Further, certain countries have complex regulatory systems that impose administrative and legal requirements, which make managing international operations more difficult, including approvals to transfer funds among certain countries. If the Corporation is unable to provide financial support to the international operations in a timely manner, its business, operating results, and financial condition could be adversely affected.

The Corporation periodically reviews foreign currency exposure and evaluates whether it should enter into hedging transactions. As of the date of this report and for the period presented, the Corporation has not utilized any currency hedging instruments.

The Corporation’s sales to the United States federal, state, and local governments are subject to uncertain future funding levels and federal, state, and local procurement laws and are governed by restrictive contract terms, any of which factors could limit current or future business.

The Corporation derives a portion of its revenue from sales to various United States federal, state, and local government agencies and departments. The ability to compete successfully for and retain business with the United States government, as well as with state and local governments, is highly dependent on cost-effective performance. This government business is highly sensitive to
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changes in procurement laws, national, international, state, and local public priorities, and budgets at all levels of government, which frequently experience downward pressure and are subject to uncertainty, including the potential for a temporary shutdown of the United States federal government.

The Corporation’s contracts with government entities are subject to various statutes and regulations that apply to companies doing business with the government. The United States government, as well as state and local governments, can typically terminate or modify their contracts either for their convenience or if the Corporation defaults by failing to perform under the terms of the applicable contract. A termination arising out of default could expose the Corporation to liability and impede its ability to compete in the future for contracts and orders with agencies and departments at all levels of government. Moreover, the Corporation is subject to investigation and audit for compliance with the requirements governing government contracts, including requirements related to procurement integrity, export controls, employment practices, the accuracy of records, and reporting of costs. If the Corporation were found to not be a responsible supplier or to have committed fraud or certain criminal offenses, it could be suspended or debarred from all further federal, state, or local government contracting.

The Corporation relies on information technology systems to manage numerous aspects of the business and a disruption or failure of these systems could adversely affect business, operating results, and financial condition.

The Corporation relies upon information technology networks and systems to process, transmit, and store electronic information, as well as to manage numerous aspects of the business and provide information to management. Additionally, the Corporation collects and stores sensitive data of its customers, suppliers, and members in data centers and on information technology networks. The secure operation of these information technology networks, and the processing and maintenance of this information is critical to business operations and strategy. These networks and systems, despite security and precautionary measures, are vulnerable to, among other things, damage and interruption from power loss or natural disasters, computer system and network failures, loss of telecommunications services, physical and electronic loss of data, security breaches, hackers, and employee misuse. The Corporation has, and may in the future, face unauthorized attempts by hackers seeking to harm the Corporation or, as a result of industrial espionage or ransomware, to penetrate the Corporation’s network security and gain access to its systems, steal intellectual or other proprietary data, including design, sales or personally identifiable information, introduce malicious software, or interrupt the Corporation’s internal systems, manufacturing or distribution. Though the Corporation attempts to detect and prevent these incidents, it may not be successful. In addition, the Corporation is subject to data privacy and other similar laws in various jurisdictions. If the Corporation is the target of a cybersecurity attack, computer virus, physical or electronic break-in or similar disruption resulting in unauthorized disclosure of sensitive data of customers, suppliers, and members, the Corporation may be required to undertake costly notification procedures. The Corporation may also be required to expend significant additional resources to protect against the threat of security breaches or to alleviate problems, including reputational harm and litigation, caused by any breaches. Any disruption of information technology networks or systems, or access to or disclosure of information stored in or transmitted by systems, could result in legal claims and damages and loss of intellectual property or other proprietary information.

The Corporation’s results of operations and earnings may not meet guidance or expectations.

The Corporation frequently provides public guidance on the expected results of operations for future periods. This guidance comprises forward-looking statements subject to risks and uncertainties, including the risks and uncertainties described in this Annual Report on Form 10-K and in other public filings and public statements, and is based necessarily on assumptions made at the time the Corporation provides such guidance. The guidance may not always be accurate. If, in the future, the results of operations for a particular period do not meet its guidance or the expectations of investment analysts or if the Corporation reduces its guidance for future periods, the market price of its common stock could decline significantly.

LEGAL AND REGULATORY RISKS

The Corporation is subject to extensive environmental regulation and has exposure to potential environmental liabilities.

Through the past and present operation and ownership of manufacturing facilities and real property, the Corporation is subject to extensive and changing federal, state, and local environmental laws and regulations, both domestic and abroad, including those relating to discharges in air, water, and land, the handling and disposal of solid and hazardous waste, and the remediation of contamination associated with releases of hazardous substances. Compliance with environmental regulations has not had a material effect on capital expenditures, earnings, or competitive position to date, but compliance with current laws or more stringent laws or regulations which may be imposed in the future, stricter interpretation of existing laws or discoveries of contamination at the Corporation’s real property sites which occurred prior to ownership, or the advent of environmental regulation may require additional expenditures in the future, some of which may be material.
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Costs related to product defects could adversely affect the Corporation’s profitability.

The Corporation incurs various expenses related to product defects, including product warranty costs, product recall and retrofit costs, and product liability costs. These expenses relative to product sales vary and could increase. The Corporation uses chemicals and materials in products and includes components in products from external suppliers, which it believes to be safe and appropriate for their designated use. Harmful effects, however, may later become known, which could subject the Corporation to litigation and significant losses. The Corporation maintains reserves for product defect-related costs but these reserves may not be adequate to cover actual claims. Incorrect estimates or any significant increase in the rate of product defect expenses could have a material adverse effect on operations.

Iowa law and provisions in the Corporation’s charter and bylaws may have the effect of preventing or hindering a change in control and adversely affecting the market price of its common stock.

The Corporation’s Articles of Incorporation give the Corporation’s Board of Directors ("Board") the authority to issue up to two million shares of preferred stock and to determine the rights and preferences of the preferred stock without obtaining shareholder approval. The existence of this preferred stock could make it more difficult or discourage an attempt to obtain control of the Corporation by means of a tender offer, merger, proxy contest, or otherwise. Furthermore, this preferred stock could be issued with other rights, including economic rights, senior to common stock, thereby having a potentially adverse effect on the market price of the Corporation’s common stock.
The Board is divided into three classes. The Corporation’s classified Board, along with other provisions of the Corporation’s Articles of Incorporation and Bylaws and Iowa corporate law, could make it more difficult for a third party to acquire the Corporation or remove the Corporation’s directors by means of a proxy contest, even if doing so would be beneficial to shareholders. Additionally, the Corporation may, in the future, adopt measures (such as a shareholder rights plan or "poison pill") that could have the effect of delaying, deferring, or preventing an unsolicited takeover, even if such a change in control were at a premium price or favored by a majority of unaffiliated shareholders. These measures may be adopted without any further vote or action by the shareholders.
An inability to protect the Corporation’s intellectual property could have a significant impact on the business.
The Corporation attempts to protect its intellectual property rights, both in the United States and in foreign countries, through a combination of patent, trademark, copyright, and trade secret laws, as well as licensing agreements and third-party nondisclosure and assignment agreements. Because of the differences in foreign trademark, copyright, patent, and other laws concerning proprietary rights, intellectual property rights do not generally receive the same degree of protection in foreign countries as they do in the United States. In some countries, the Corporation has limited protections, if any, for its intellectual property. The degree of protection offered by the claims of the various patents, copyrights, trademarks, and service marks may not be broad enough to provide significant proprietary protection or competitive advantages to the Corporation, and patents, copyrights, trademarks, or service marks may not be issued on pending or contemplated applications. In addition, not all of the Corporation’s products are covered by patents or similar intellectual property protections. It is also possible that patents, copyrights, trademarks, and service marks may be challenged, invalidated, canceled, narrowed, or circumvented.
In the past, certain products have been copied and sold by others. The Corporation tries to enforce its intellectual property rights, but has to make choices about where and how to pursue enforcement and where to seek and maintain intellectual property protection. In many cases, the cost of enforcing rights is substantial, and the Corporation may determine that the costs of enforcement outweigh the potential benefits.
If third parties claim that the Corporation infringes upon their intellectual property rights, the Corporation may incur liabilities and costs and may have to redesign or discontinue an infringing product.
The Corporation faces the risk of claims that it has infringed upon third parties’ intellectual property rights. Companies operating in the Corporation’s industry routinely seek patent protection for their product designs, and many of the principal competitors have large patent portfolios. Prior to launching major new products in the key markets, the Corporation normally evaluates existing intellectual property rights. However, competitors and suppliers may have filed for patent protection, which is not, at the time of the evaluation, a matter of public knowledge. The Corporation’s efforts to identify and avoid infringing upon third parties’ intellectual property rights may not always be successful. Any claims of patent or other intellectual property infringement, even those without merit, could be expensive and time consuming to defend, cause the Corporation to cease making, licensing, or using products that incorporate the challenged intellectual property, require the Corporation to redesign, re-engineer, or re-brand the
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products or packaging, if feasible, or require the Corporation to enter into royalty or licensing agreements in order to obtain the right to use a third party’s intellectual property.
FINANCING RISKS
The financing arrangements that the Corporation entered into in connection with the merger with Kimball International contain restrictions and limitations that may, under certain circumstances, significantly impact the Corporation’s ability to operate its business.
The Corporation incurred significant new indebtedness in connection with its merger with Kimball International. The agreements governing the indebtedness that the Corporation incurred in connection with the merger, including, but not limited to, the Term Loan Credit Agreement may, under certain circumstances, impose significant operating and financial restrictions on the Corporation. Specifically, the debt agreements restrict the Corporation’s ability to incur additional indebtedness, create or incur certain liens with respect to any properties or assets, engage in lines of business substantially different than those currently conducted, sell, lease, license, or dispose of certain assets, enter into certain transactions with affiliates, make certain restricted payments or take certain restricted actions, and enter into certain sale-leaseback arrangements. These restrictions may affect the Corporation’s ability to operate its business and may limit the Corporation’s ability to take advantage of potential business opportunities as they arise.

In addition, the agreements governing such indebtedness require the Corporation to comply with a consolidated leverage ratio financial covenant and consolidated interest coverage ratio financial covenant. The Corporation’s ability to comply with such covenants will depend on its ongoing financial and operating performance, which in turn will be subject to economic conditions and to financial, market and competitive factors, many of which are beyond the Corporation’s control. The ability to comply with these covenants will also depend on the Corporation’s ability to successfully implement its overall business strategy and realize the anticipated benefits of the merger, including synergies, cost savings, innovation and operational efficiencies.

Various risks, uncertainties and events beyond the Corporation’s control could affect its ability to comply with the covenants contained in its financing agreements. Failure to comply with any of the covenants in its existing or future financing agreements could result in a default under those agreements and under other agreements containing cross-default provisions. A default would permit lenders to accelerate the maturity of the debt under these agreements. Under these circumstances, the Corporation might not have sufficient funds or other resources to satisfy all of its obligations. In addition, the limitations imposed by financing agreements on the Corporation’s ability to incur additional debt and to take other actions might significantly impair its ability to obtain other financing. The debt agreements also require the Corporation to maintain certain financial covenants.

Rising interest rates and future increases will likely increase interest cost on the Corporation’s debt and could materially adversely impact the Corporation’s ability to refinance existing debt and limit its acquisition and development activities going forward.

The U.S. Federal Reserve has raised the benchmark interest rate multiple times during 2023, and there can be no assurances that the rate will not further increase in the future. The agreements governing the indebtedness that the Corporation incurred in connection with the merger and otherwise, including, but not limited to, the Term Loan Credit Agreement, contain interest rates tied to various benchmark rates in effect at any given time, so as interest rates have increased, so has the Corporation’s interest costs for any new debt assumed in connection with the merger and in the normal course of our operations and any additional increases could further increase these costs. This increased cost could make the financing of any acquisition and development activity more costly, as well as lower future period earnings due to higher cost of borrowing.

The Corporation may require additional capital in the future, which may not be available or may be available only on unfavorable terms.

The Corporation’s capital requirements depend on many factors, including its need for capital improvements, tooling, research and development, and acquisitions. To the extent existing cash, available borrowings, and cash flows are insufficient to meet these requirements, the Corporation may need to raise additional funds through financings or curtail its growth and reduce the Corporation’s assets. Future borrowings or financings may not be available under the credit facility or otherwise in an amount sufficient to enable the Corporation to pay its debt or meet its liquidity needs.

Any equity or debt financing, if available, could have unfavorable terms. In addition, financings could result in dilution to shareholders or the securities may have rights, preferences, and privileges senior to those of the Corporation’s common stock. If
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the need for capital arises because of significant losses, the occurrence of these losses may make it more difficult to raise the necessary capital.

Item 1B.  Unresolved Staff Comments

None.

Item 1C. Cybersecurity

Risk Management and Strategy. Cybersecurity risk management is an integral part of the Corporation’s enterprise risk management program. The cybersecurity risk management program is designed to align with industry best practices, is generally based on the framework established by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), provides a framework for handling cybersecurity threats and incidents, including threats and incidents associated with the use of applications and services provided by third parties, and facilitates coordination across different departments of the Corporation. This framework includes steps for assessing the severity of a cybersecurity threat, identifying the source of a threat, including whether the threat is associated with a third-party service provider, implementing countermeasures and mitigation strategies, and informing management and the Board of Directors of material cybersecurity threats, incidents, and impact.

The cybersecurity team under the direction of the Corporation’s Chief Information and Digital Officer ("CIDO"), is responsible for assessing, deploying, and managing the cybersecurity risk management program. Recognizing the complexity and evolving nature of cybersecurity threats, the cybersecurity team engages with a range of external experts, including cybersecurity assessors and consultants in evaluating and testing the Corporation’s risk management systems. The collaboration with these independent third-parties includes regular threat assessments, such as penetration tests and table-top exercises, and consultation on security enhancements. In addition, the cybersecurity team provides training to applicable members annually and ongoing cybersecurity education. Additionally, the Corporation maintains cyber risk insurance.

Depending on the products and services provided and the potential for data exchange and technology risk, suppliers and other third-party service providers are evaluated by the cybersecurity organization to assess their security and data protection capabilities. Additionally, security and data-focused contract provisions are incorporated where necessary in supplier and other service provider agreements to include industry-standard security and resiliency requirements that include timely reporting of cybersecurity incidents. The Corporation periodically reviews independent assessments of major service providers.

Governance. The Board of Directors has overall oversight responsibility for risk management. Oversight of cybersecurity risks has been delegated to the Audit Committee of the Board of Directors. The Audit Committee also reports material cybersecurity risk to the full Board of Directors.

The Audit Committee is responsible for ensuring management has processes in place designed to identify and evaluate cybersecurity risks to which the Corporation is exposed and implement programs to manage cybersecurity risks and mitigate cybersecurity incidents.

Management under the CIDO is responsible for identifying, considering, and assessing material cybersecurity risks on an ongoing basis, establishing processes to ensure that such potential risk exposures are monitored, implementing appropriate mitigation measures and maintaining cybersecurity programs. The CIDO and cybersecurity team members are certified and/or experienced information systems security professionals and information security managers with many years of experience.

The CIDO receives reports from the cybersecurity team and monitors the prevention, detection, mitigation, and remediation of cybersecurity incidents. Appropriate procedures for communication to the Audit Committee are also built into the incident response plan.

The CIDO regularly updates the Audit Committee and the full Board of Directors on the Corporation’s cybersecurity risk management program, material cybersecurity risks, and mitigation strategies. Management provides the Audit Committee with quarterly cybersecurity reports that cover, among other topics, third-party assessments of the Corporation’s cybersecurity risk management program, developments in cybersecurity, and updates to the Company’s cybersecurity risk management program and mitigation strategies.

Cybersecurity Threats. The Corporation has not identified cybersecurity threats, including as a result of any previous cybersecurity incidents, that have materially affected or are reasonably likely to affect the Corporation. There can be no assurance that this will continue to be the case. Notwithstanding the Corporation’s investment in cybersecurity, it may not be successful in
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preventing or mitigating a cybersecurity incident that could have a material adverse effect on its business, results of operations or financial condition. For a discussion of cybersecurity risks affecting the Corporation’s business, see "Item 1A. Risk Factors - STRATEGIC AND OPERATIONAL RISKS - The Corporation relies on information technology systems to manage numerous aspects of the business and a disruption or failure of these systems could adversely affect business, operating results, and financial condition." which is incorporated by reference into this Item 1C.

Item 2.  Properties

The Corporation maintains its corporate headquarters in Muscatine, Iowa, and conducts operations at locations throughout the United States as well as in India and Mexico, which house manufacturing, distribution, and retail operations and offices totaling an aggregate of approximately 11.6 million square feet. Of this total, approximately 3.2 million square feet are leased.

Although the manufacturing facilities are of varying ages, the Corporation believes they are well maintained, equipped with modern and efficient machinery and tooling, in good operating condition, and suitable for the purposes for which they are being used. The Corporation has sufficient capacity to increase output at most locations by increasing the use of overtime or the number of production shifts employed.

The Corporation’s principal manufacturing and distribution facilities (100,000 square feet or larger in size) are as follows:
Number of FacilitiesSquare Feet (in thousands)
LocationWorkplace FurnishingsResidential Building ProductsOwnedLeased
Muscatine, IA62,211
Jasper, IN51,223
Santa Claus, IN2684
Lake City, MN2342
Other U.S.1162,6691,554
Outside U.S.2355540

There are no major third-party encumbrances on Corporation-owned properties. Refer to the Property, Plant, and Equipment section in the "Consolidated Balance Sheets" for related cost, accumulated depreciation, and net book value data.

Item 3.  Legal Proceedings

The Corporation is involved in various disputes and legal proceedings that have arisen in the ordinary course of its business, including pending litigation, environmental remediation, taxes, and other claims. It is the Corporation’s opinion, after consultation with legal counsel, that liabilities, if any, resulting from these matters are not expected to have a material adverse effect on the Corporation’s financial condition, cash flows, or on the Corporation’s quarterly or annual operating results when resolved in a future period. For more information regarding legal proceedings, see "Note 15. Guarantees, Commitments, and Contingencies" in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, which information is incorporated herein by reference.

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

Not applicable.
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Table I

Information about our Executive Officers
NameAgeFamily RelationshipPositionPosition Held SinceOther Business Experience During Past Five Years
Vincent P. Berger51NoneExecutive Vice President, HNI Corporation
President, Hearth & Home Technologies
2018

2016
Steven M. Bradford66NoneSenior Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary2015
Marshall H. Bridges54NoneSenior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer2018
B. Brandon Bullock47NonePresident, The HON Company2018
Jason D. Hagedorn51NonePresident, Allsteel LLC2020
Vice President & General Manager, Product Strategy and Finance, HNI Corporation (2017-2020)
Jeffrey D. Lorenger58NoneChairman
President and Chief Executive Officer
2020
2018
Donna D. Meade58NoneVice President, Member and Community Relations2014
Gregory A. Meunier54NoneExecutive Vice President, Global Operations, Kimball International2020Vice President, Global Operations, National Office Furniture (a subsidiary of Kimball International) (2016-2020)
Radhakrishna S. Rao58NoneVice President, Chief Information & Digital Officer2019Vice President & Chief Information Officer at Ricoh Americas (2016-2019)
Michael J. Roch46NoneChief Customer Officer, Kimball International2021Senior Vice President, Sales, Kimball International (2020-2021);
Vice President, Sales, National Office Furniture (a subsidiary of Kimball International) (2014-2020)
Kourtney L. Smith54NoneChief Operating Officer, Kimball International2023Chief Operating Officer Kimball Workplace & Health (2021-2023);
President, Kimball Workplace (2020-2021);
President, National Office Furniture (a subsidiary of Kimball International) (2018-2020)
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PART II

Item 5.  Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Shareholder Matters, and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

The Corporation’s common stock is listed for trading on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) under the trading symbol HNI. As of December 30, 2023, the Corporation had approximately 6,588 shareholders of record.

EQ Shareowner Services, St. Paul, Minnesota, serves as the Corporation’s transfer agent and registrar of its common stock. Shareholders may report a change of address or make inquiries by writing or calling: EQ Shareowner Services, P.O. Box 64874, St. Paul, MN 55164-0854, or 800-468-9716.

The Corporation expects to continue its policy of paying regular quarterly cash dividends. Dividends have been paid each quarter since the Corporation paid its first dividend in 1955. The average dividend payout percentage for the most recent three-year period has been 73 percent of prior year earnings or 39 percent of prior year cash flow from operating activities. Future dividends are dependent on future earnings, capital requirements, and the Corporation’s financial condition, and are declared in the sole discretion of the Board.

Purchases of Equity Securities

The Corporation repurchases shares under previously announced plans authorized by the Board. The Corporation’s most recent share purchase authorization from May 17, 2022, authorized repurchase of $200 million of shares in addition to the previously available amount, with no specific expiration date. As of December 30, 2023, $233.5 million was authorized and available for the repurchase of shares by the Corporation. The authorization does not obligate the Corporation to purchase any shares and the authorization may be terminated, increased, or decreased by the Board at any time.

The following is a summary of share repurchase activity during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2023:
PeriodTotal Number of Shares (or Units) Purchased (in thousands) (1)Average Price
Paid per Share
(or Unit)
Total Number of Shares (or Units) Purchased as Part of Publicly Announced Plans or Programs (in thousands)Maximum Number (or Approximate Dollar Value) of Shares (or Units) that May Yet be Purchased Under the Plans or Programs (in millions)
10/01/23 - 10/28/23— $— — $234.0 
10/29/23 - 11/25/23— $— — $234.0 
11/26/23 - 12/30/2310.0 $41.98 10.0 $233.5 
Total10.0 10.0 
(1) No shares were purchased outside of a publicly announced plan or program.

Item 6. [Reserved]


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Item 7.  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

The following discussion of the Corporation’s historical results of operations and of its liquidity and capital resources should be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements of the Corporation and related notes. All dollar amounts presented are in millions, except per share data or where otherwise indicated. Amounts may not sum due to rounding. Statements that are not historical are forward-looking and involve risks and uncertainties. See "Item 1A. Risk Factors" and the Forward-Looking Statements section within "Item 1. Business" for further information.

The Corporation follows a 52/53-week fiscal year, which ends on the Saturday nearest December 31. Fiscal year 2023 ended on December 30, 2023, fiscal year 2022 ended on December 31, 2022, and fiscal year 2021 ended on January 1, 2022. The financial statements for fiscal years 2023, 2022, and 2021 are on a 52-week basis. A 53-week year occurs approximately every sixth year.

Overview

The Corporation has two reportable segments: workplace furnishings and residential building products. The Corporation is a leading global designer and provider of commercial furnishings, and a leading manufacturer and marketer of hearth products. The Corporation utilizes a multi-faceted go-to-market model to deliver value to customers via various brands and selling models. The Corporation is focused on growing its existing businesses while seeking out and developing new opportunities for expansion.

In 2023, significant developments included the second quarter acquisition of Kimball International in a cash and stock transaction valued at approximately $503.7 million, and the subsequent divestiture of Poppin Furniture, Inc, a business unit of Kimball International ("Poppin"), during the third quarter. In 2022, the Corporation completed its divestiture of its China- and Hong Kong-based Lamex office furniture business ("Lamex"), which was a component of the workplace furnishings segment. See "Note 4. Acquisitions and Divestitures" in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for more details on the Kimball International acquisition, the Poppin divestiture, the Lamex divestiture, and other related information. These acquisition and divestiture transactions affect the comparability of results between years.

Consolidated net sales for 2023 were $2.434 billion, an increase of 3.1 percent compared to net sales of $2.362 billion in the prior year. The change was driven by 17.1 percent year-over-year sales growth in the workplace furnishings segment, partially offset by a 20.8 percent decrease in the residential building products segment. The acquisition of Kimball International increased year-over-year sales by $361.4 million and the acquisition of a residential building products company in 2022 increased year-over-year sales by $2.4 million. The divestiture of Lamex in 2022 reduced year-over-year sales by $46.9 million.

Net income attributable to the Corporation in 2023 was $49.2 million compared to net income of $123.9 million in 2022. The prior year included a pre-tax gain of $50.4 million on the sale of Lamex, while the current year included $41.2 million of acquisition costs associated with the Kimball International transaction and $31.0 million of goodwill and intangible asset impairment charges at small workplace furnishings business units. Excluding these items, net income increased in the current year driven by favorable price-cost, improved net productivity, favorable impacts from the acquisition of Kimball International, and lower core selling and administrative expenses ("SG&A"), partially offset by lower volume in the legacy HNI businesses (excluding Kimball International), higher variable compensation, and increased interest expense.

See "Note 6. Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets" and "Note 17. Restructuring and Impairment" in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for further information regarding restructuring and impairment charges.



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Results of Operations

The following table presents certain results of operations:
20232022Change
Net sales$2,434.0 $2,361.8 3.1 %
Cost of sales1,485.7 1,526.9 (2.7)%
Gross profit948.3 834.9 13.6 %
Selling and administrative expenses813.2 723.4 12.4 %
Gain on sale of subsidiary— (50.4)(100)%
Restructuring and impairment charges44.8 6.7 572 %
Operating income90.3 155.2 (41.8)%
Interest expense, net25.5 8.8 189 %
Income before income taxes64.8 146.4 (55.7)%
Income tax expense15.6 22.5 (30.7)%
Net income (loss) attributable to non-controlling interest0.0 (0.0)NM
Net income attributable to HNI Corporation$49.2 $123.9 (60.3)%
As a Percentage of Net Sales:
Net sales100.0 %100.0 %
Gross profit39.0 35.4 360  bps
Selling and administrative expenses33.4 30.6 280  bps
Gain on sale of subsidiary— 2.1 -210  bps
Restructuring and impairment charges1.8 0.3 150  bps
Operating income3.7 6.6 -290  bps
Income tax expense0.6 1.0 -40  bps
Net income attributable to HNI Corporation2.0 5.2 -320  bps

Net Sales

Consolidated net sales for 2023 increased 3.1 percent compared to the prior year. The change was driven by the acquisition of Kimball International, which increased year-over-year sales by $361.4 million and price realization in both the residential building products and workplace furnishings segments, partially offset by lower volume in the legacy HNI businesses due to continued headwinds from macroeconomic conditions. Also included in the sales results for the current year is a $46.9 million unfavorable impact from the divestiture of Lamex in 2022, and a $2.4 million favorable impact from the acquisition of a residential building products business in 2022.

Gross Profit

Gross profit as a percentage of net sales increased 360 basis points in 2023 compared to 2022, driven by favorable price-cost, improved net productivity, and the impact of the Kimball International acquisition, partially offset by lower volume in legacy HNI businesses. Favorable price-cost was attributable to the Corporation’s ability to implement price increases over the past several quarters in response to inflationary pressures.

Selling and Administrative Expenses

Selling and administrative expenses as a percentage of net sales increased 280 basis points in 2023 compared to 2022, driven by $41.2 million of acquisition-related fees and expenses along with lower volume in legacy HNI businesses and higher variable compensation, partially offset by lower core SG&A and dilution from price realization. The prior year also included expenses of $8.0 million associated with a company-wide cost reduction initiative.

Selling and administrative expenses include freight expense for shipments to customers, research and development costs, and amortization of intangible assets. Refer to "Note 2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies" and "Note 6. Goodwill and
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Other Intangible Assets" in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for further information regarding the comparative expense levels for these items.

Gain on Sale of Subsidiary

In the prior year, the Corporation recorded a pre-tax gain of $50.4 million as a result of the divestiture of Lamex in July 2022.

Restructuring and Impairment Charges

In the current year the Corporation recorded restructuring and impairment charges primarily comprised of $31.0 million of impairments of goodwill and intangible assets at small business units in the workplace furnishings segment as well as $9.8 million of restructuring charges associated with the divestiture of Poppin. In the prior year, the Corporation recorded restructuring and impairment charges of $6.7 million primarily related to efforts to drive business simplification and improve long-term profitability in the workplace furnishings segment, including the restructuring of an eCommerce business. See "Note 17. Restructuring and Impairment" in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for further information relating to these costs.

Operating Income

For 2023, operating income as a percentage of net sales decreased 290 basis points compared to 2022. The prior year included a pre-tax gain of $50.4 million on the sale of Lamex, while the current year included $41.2 million of acquisition costs associated with the Kimball International transaction and $31.0 million of goodwill and intangible asset impairment charges at small workplace furnishings business units. Excluding these items, operating income as a percentage of net sales increased year-over-year driven by favorable price-cost, improved net productivity, favorable impacts from the acquisition of Kimball International, and lower core selling, general, and administrative expenses, partially offset by lower volume at legacy HNI businesses and higher variable compensation.

Interest Expense, Net

Interest expense, net was $25.5 million and $8.8 million in 2023 and 2022, respectively. The increase was driven by higher average outstanding borrowings resulting from indebtedness incurred to fund the acquisition of Kimball International and higher interest rates in 2023 on the Corporation’s variable-rate revolving credit facility.

Income Taxes

The following table summarizes the Corporation’s income tax provision:
20232022
Income before income taxes$64.8 $146.4 
Income tax expense$15.6 $22.5 
Effective tax rate24.1 %15.4 %

The income tax provision reflects a higher rate in 2023 compared to 2022, primarily due to the sale of the Lamex business in the prior year. This transaction created valuation allowance adjustment tax benefits related to existing deferred tax assets, as well as basis differences, which significantly reduced the Corporation’s effective tax rate in the prior year. See "Note 8. Income Taxes" in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for further information relating to income taxes.

Net Income Attributable to HNI Corporation

Net income attributable to the Corporation was $49.2 million or $1.09 per diluted share in 2023 compared to $123.9 million or $2.94 per diluted share in 2022.

Comparison of Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 2022 with the Fiscal Year Ended January 1, 2022

To review discussion and analysis of the consolidated and segment-level results of operations for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2022 compared with the fiscal year ended January 1, 2022, refer to "Part II - Item 7 - Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" of the Corporation’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2022, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on February 28, 2023.

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Workplace Furnishings

The following table presents certain results of operations in the workplace furnishings segment:
20232022Change
Net sales$1,740.3 $1,486.2 17.1 %
Operating profit$68.6 $3.4 NM
Operating profit %3.9 %0.2 %370  bps

Net sales in 2023 for the workplace furnishings segment increased 17.1 percent compared to 2022. The impact of the acquisition of Kimball International increased net sales by $361.4 million, while the sale of Lamex in the third quarter of 2022 decreased net sales by $46.9 million compared to the prior year. Excluding the effects of these transactions, segment sales were down 4.2 percent, with lower volume across most customer segments in the legacy HNI workplace businesses, partially offset by price realization. In addition to macroeconomic headwinds that have negatively affected volume in the current year, during much of 2022 the workplace furnishings segment was in the midst of managing through an elevated sales order backlog as a result of supply chain issues and capacity constraints that arose in 2021. These challenges were largely resolved by the end of 2022, resulting in a more normal backlog heading into 2023 and thus lower relative volume in the current year compared to the prior year.

Operating profit as a percentage of net sales increased 370 basis points in 2023 compared to 2022. The current year included $31.0 million in goodwill and intangible asset impairment charges at small workplace furnishings business units and $12.5 million in transaction-related fees and expenses associated with the acquisition of Kimball International. Excluding these items, operating profit as a percentage of sales increased driven by favorable price-cost, favorable impacts from the acquisition of Kimball International, improved net productivity, lower core SG&A, and lower restructuring costs, partially offset by lower volume in the legacy HNI businesses and higher variable compensation.

Residential Building Products

The following table presents certain results of operations in the residential building products segment:
20232022Change
Net sales$693.7 $875.6 (20.8 %)
Operating profit$116.6 $158.7 (26.5 %)
Operating profit %16.8 %18.1 %-130  bps

Net sales in 2023 for the residential building products segment decreased 20.8 percent compared to 2022, driven by lower volume in both the new construction and existing home channels as a result of housing market weakness and reduced home remodeling activity due to higher interest rates and broader macroeconomic concerns, partially offset by price realization. Sales in the existing home channel were also negatively impacted by the normalization of trade inventory. Included in the 2023 sales results was a $2.4 million favorable impact from the acquisition of a residential building products company in 2022.

Operating profit as a percentage of net sales decreased 130 basis points in 2023 compared to 2022. The decrease was driven by lower volume, partially offset by favorable price-cost, improved net productivity, lower core SG&A, and lower variable compensation.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Cash, cash equivalents, and short-term investments totaled $34.5 million at the end of 2023, compared to $19.5 million at the end of 2022. These funds, coupled with cash flow from future operations, borrowings expected to be available under the Corporation’s existing credit agreements, and the ability to access capital markets, are expected to be adequate to fund operations and satisfy cash flow needs for at least the next twelve months. Based on current earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization, the Corporation can access the full $425 million of borrowing capacity available under the revolving credit facility, which includes the $38.5 million currently outstanding, and maintain compliance with financial covenants under the facility. As of the end of 2023, $4.0 million of cash was held overseas and considered permanently reinvested. If such amounts were repatriated, such an action could result in additional foreign withholding and state tax expense to the Corporation. The
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Corporation does not believe treating this cash as permanently reinvested will have any impact on the ability of the Corporation to meet its obligations as they come due.

Cash Flow – Operating Activities
Operating activities were a source of $267.5 million of cash in 2023, compared to a source of $81.2 million cash in 2022. The higher cash generation compared to the prior year was primarily due to changes in working capital. Changes in working capital balances resulted in a $76.5 million source of cash in 2023 compared to a $72.7 million use of cash in the prior year. Driving the working capital year-over-year change is lower inventory in the legacy HNI businesses as a result of reduced volume and stabilized cost and supply chain requirements. Additionally, the Corporation’s legacy accounts payable, accrued expense, and prepaid expense levels have normalized after significant volatility experienced earlier in the decade due to impacts of the pandemic.

The Corporation places special emphasis on management and control of working capital, including accounts receivable and inventory. Management believes recorded trade receivable valuation allowances at the end of 2023 are adequate to cover the risk of potential bad debts. Allowances for non-collectible trade receivables, as a percent of gross trade receivables, totaled 1.4 percent and 1.5 percent at the end of 2023 and 2022, respectively. The Corporation’s inventory turns were 7.9 and 8.4 for 2023 and 2022, respectively.

Cash Flow – Investing Activities
Capital Expenditures - Capital expenditures, including capitalized software, were $79.1 million in 2023 and $68.4 million in 2022. The increase in capital expenditures over the prior year was driven by the addition of Kimball International. The Corporation’s expenditures are primarily focused on machinery, equipment, and tooling required to support new products, continuous improvements, and cost savings initiatives in manufacturing processes. Additionally, in support of the Corporation’s long-term strategy to create effortless winning experiences for customers, the Corporation continues to invest in technology. The Corporation anticipates capital expenditures for 2024 in an estimated range of $90 million to $100 million.

Acquisitions and Divestitures - Investing activities in the current year include $369.7 million spent related to the acquisition of Kimball International, and $2.7 million received from the sale of Poppin (net of costs to sell). Prior year activity includes $69.5 million received from the sale of the Lamex business as well as $11.4 million spent primarily to acquire residential building products companies. See "Note 4. Acquisitions and Divestitures" in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements for further information.

Cash Flow – Financing Activities
Debt - The Corporation maintains a revolving credit facility as the primary source of committed funding from which the Corporation finances its planned capital expenditures, strategic initiatives, and seasonal working capital needs. Cash flows included in financing activities represent periodic borrowings and repayments under the revolving credit facility. Additionally, in the current year, the Corporation borrowed $300 million in connection with a term loan agreement entered into on March 31, 2023, as further amended on May 25, 2023, to support funding of the acquisition of Kimball International that closed in June 2023. See "Note 7. Debt" in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for further information.

Dividend - The Corporation is committed to maintaining or modestly growing the quarterly dividend. Cash dividends declared and paid per share are as follows:
20232022
Dividends per common share$1.28 $1.27 

The last quarterly dividend increase was from $0.31 to $0.32 per common share effective with the June 8, 2022 dividend payment for shareholders of record at the close of business on May 27, 2022. The average dividend payout percentage for the most recent three-year period has been 73 percent of prior year earnings or 39 percent of prior year cash flow from operating activities.

Stock Repurchase - The Corporation’s capital strategy related to stock repurchase is focused on offsetting the dilutive impact of issuances for various compensation-related matters. The Corporation may elect to opportunistically purchase additional shares based on excess cash generation and/or share price considerations. As of December 30, 2023, $233.5 million was authorized and available for repurchase of shares by the Corporation. See "Note 10. Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss) and Shareholders’ Equity" in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for further information.

Sales of Stock - The Corporation records cash flows received from the sale of its common stock held in treasury, primarily in connection with stock option exercises and the HNI Corporation Members’ Stock Purchase Plan. See "Note 10. Accumulated
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Other Comprehensive Income (Loss) and Shareholders’ Equity" and "Note 11. Stock-Based Compensation" in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for further information.

Cash Requirements

As of December 30, 2023, the Corporation has the following obligations and commitments to make future payments:

Purchase Obligations - The Corporation’s purchase obligations include agreements to purchase goods or services that are enforceable, legally binding, and specify all significant terms, including the quantity to be purchased, the price to be paid, and the timing of the purchase. Estimated purchase obligations total $137 million during 2024 and $30 million thereafter.

Debt - Debt principal obligations are approximately $8 million during 2024 and $431 million thereafter. Interest obligations from debt are estimated to be approximately $28 million during 2024 and $74 million thereafter. Refer to "Note 7. Debt" in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.

Deferred Compensation - Deferred compensation cash obligations related to legacy HNI plans are expected to be approximately $0.3 million during 2024 and $2.1 million thereafter. Refer to "Note 11. Stock-Based Compensation" in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information. The Corporation also acquired a supplemental employee retirement plan in connection with the Kimball International transaction. Obligations related to this plan are expected to be $4 million during 2024 and $7 million thereafter. Refer to "Note 2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies" in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.

Post-Retirement Benefit Plan - Post-retirement benefit plan payments are expected to be approximately $1 million during 2024 and $11 million in aggregate from 2025 through 2033. Refer to "Note 13. Post-Retirement Health Care" in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.

Operating and Finance Leases - Operating and finance lease obligations are expected to be approximately $36 million during 2024 and $148 million thereafter. There were no material commitments related to leases which had been signed but not commenced as of the end of 2023. Refer to "Note 14. Leases" in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.

Other Obligations - Other long-term obligations of approximately $18 million are primarily comprised of a put option, interest rate swap, and uncertain tax liabilities. Additionally, in 2022 the Corporation entered into a long-term commitment to purchase solar energy from a local utility to satisfy a portion of the Corporation’s electricity demand in the Muscatine, Iowa area. The project is currently estimated to commence in 2025 with the Corporation’s future commitment totaling approximately $13 million. For the Corporation’s estimated future obligations related to product warranties and self-insured liabilities, refer to "Note 2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies" in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
Litigation and Uncertainties

See "Note 15. Guarantees, Commitments, and Contingencies" in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for further information.

Looking Ahead

The Corporation continues to navigate near-term uncertainty driven by macroeconomic conditions, including the recent dynamics around housing, cost inflation, and interest rates. However, management remains optimistic about the long-term prospects in the workplace furnishings and residential building products markets. Management believes the Kimball International acquisition will continue to generate new opportunities for growth, and the Corporation continues to compete well in its legacy business markets.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

General
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations is based upon the Consolidated Financial Statements, prepared in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles ("GAAP"). The preparation of these financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses, and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. Management bases its estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other
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sources. Senior management has discussed the development, selection, and disclosure of these estimates with the Audit Committee of the Board. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.

An accounting policy is deemed to be critical if it requires an accounting estimate to be made based on assumptions about matters uncertain at the time the estimate is made, and if different estimates that reasonably could have been used, or changes in the accounting estimates that are reasonably likely to occur periodically, could materially impact the financial statements. Management believes the following critical accounting policies reflect its more significant estimates and assumptions used in the preparation of the Consolidated Financial Statements.

Goodwill and Intangible Assets
The Corporation evaluates its goodwill for impairment on an annual basis during the fourth quarter (using a valuation date as of the start of the Corporation's fourth quarter) or whenever indicators of impairment exist. Asset impairment charges associated with the Corporation’s goodwill and intangible assets impairment testing are discussed in "Note 6. Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets" in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

The Corporation reviews goodwill at the reporting unit level, which refers to components for which discrete financial information is available and regularly reviewed by segment management. The accounting standards for goodwill permit entities to first assess qualitative factors to determine whether it is more likely than not the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount as a basis for determining whether it is necessary to perform a quantitative goodwill impairment test. If the quantitative test is required, the Corporation estimates the fair value of its reporting units based on a weighted average of the income approach and the market approach. This estimated fair value is compared to the carrying value of the reporting unit and an impairment is recorded if the estimate is less than the carrying value. In the income approach, the estimate of fair value of each reporting unit is based on management’s projection of revenues, gross margin, operating costs, and cash flows considering historical and estimated future results, general economic and market conditions, as well as the impact of planned business and operational strategies. The valuations employ present value techniques to measure fair value and consider market factors. In the market approach, the Corporation utilizes the guideline company method, which involves calculating valuation multiples based on operating data from guideline publicly-traded companies. These multiples are then applied to the operating data for the reporting units and adjusted for factors similar to those used in the discounted cash flow analysis. Management believes the assumptions used for the quantitative impairment test, if required, are consistent with those utilized by a market participant in performing similar valuations of its reporting units. Management bases its fair value estimates on assumptions they believe to be reasonable at the time, but such assumptions are subject to inherent uncertainty. Actual results may differ from those estimates.

Assessing the fair value of goodwill includes, among other things, making key assumptions for estimating future cash flows and appropriate market multiples. These assumptions are subject to a high degree of judgment and complexity. The Corporation makes every effort to estimate future cash flows as accurately as possible with the information available at the time the forecast is developed. However, changes in assumptions and estimates may affect the estimated fair value of the reporting unit, and could result in an impairment charge in future periods. Factors that have the potential to create variances in the estimated fair value of the reporting unit include, but are not limited to, economic conditions in the United States and other countries where the Corporation has a presence, competitor behavior, the mix of product sales, commodity costs, wage rates, the level of manufacturing capacity, the pricing environment, and currency exchange fluctuations. In addition, estimates of fair value are impacted by estimates of the market-participant derived weighted average cost of capital.

The key to recoverability of goodwill is the forecast of economic conditions and its impact on future revenues, operating profit, and cash flows. Management’s projection for the United States office furniture and domestic hearth markets and global economic conditions is inherently subject to a number of uncertain factors, such as global economic improvement, the U.S. housing market, credit availability, borrowing rates, and overall consumer confidence. In the near term, as management monitors the above factors, it is possible it may change the revenue and cash flow projections of certain reporting units, which may require the recording of additional goodwill impairment charges.

The Corporation also evaluates the fair value of indefinite-lived trade names on an annual basis during the fourth quarter (using a valuation date as of the start of the Corporation's fourth quarter) or whenever an indication of impairment exists. Consistent with goodwill impairment testing, a qualitative assessment may be performed to determine whether it is more likely than not the fair value of indefinite-lived trade names is less than the carrying amount. If it is determined necessary to perform a quantitative test, the estimate of the fair value of the trade names is based on a discounted cash flows model using inputs which include: projected revenues, assumed royalty rates that would be payable if the trade names were not owned, and discount rates.

The Corporation also leverages intangible asset valuation procedures in connection with the acquisition method of accounting for business combinations. This method requires, among other things, that results of operations of acquired companies are included in
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the Corporation’s results of operations beginning on the respective acquisition dates and that assets acquired and liabilities assumed are recognized at fair value as of the acquisition date. Any excess of the fair value of consideration transferred over the fair values of the net assets acquired is recognized as goodwill.

As described in "Note 4. Acquisitions and Divestitures" to the consolidated financial statements, on June 1, 2023, the Corporation completed its acquisition of Kimball International in a transaction valued at $503.7 million, resulting in the recognition of intangible assets with aggregate value of approximately $110 million. The largest intangible asset acquired was customer lists valued at $47 million. Management determined the fair value of the acquired customer list intangible asset by applying the multi-period excess earnings method, which involved the use of significant estimates and assumptions related to forecasted revenue growth rates and customer retention rates. Valuation specialists were used to develop and evaluate the appropriateness of the multi-period excess earnings method, discount rates, customer retention rates, and fair value estimates using the cash flow projections.

The fair value of assets acquired and liabilities assumed is subject to revision based on the final determination of fair value during a period of time not to exceed 12 months from the acquisition date. Legal costs, due diligence costs, business valuation costs and all other business acquisition costs are expensed when incurred.

Self-Insurance
The Corporation is primarily self-insured or carries high deductibles for general, auto, and product liability, workers’ compensation, and certain employee health benefits. The general, auto, product, and workers’ compensation liabilities are managed via a wholly-owned insurance captive, with estimated liabilities of $24.8 million and $23.8 million as of December 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively, included in the Consolidated Balance Sheets. Certain risk exposures are mitigated through the use of independent third party stop loss insurance coverages.

The Corporation’s policy is to accrue amounts in accordance with the actuarial determined liabilities. The actuarial valuations are based on historical and current factors such as cost experience, claim frequency, and demographic information, along with certain assumptions about future events including legal actions, medical cost inflation, the number or severity of claims, and the magnitude and change of actual experience development. No changes were made to the methodologies utilized to estimate self-insurance reserves in 2023. While the recorded amounts are sensitive to the assumptions and factors described herein, management believes that such assumptions and actuarial methods used to determine self-insurance reserves are reasonable and provide an appropriate basis for estimating the liabilities. However, inherent uncertainty due to variability in the facts and circumstances of individual claims, as well as the length of time from incurrence of claims to final settlement, may result in the Corporation’s ultimate exposure differing significantly from what is currently estimated.

As of December 30, 2023, the Corporation’s self-insurance reserve was accrued within an actuarial determined range, which accounts for the subjective nature of the estimate. The span of the current range is approximately $6 million.

Recently Issued Accounting Standards Not Yet Adopted

In November 2023, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued ASU No. 2023-07, Segment Reporting (Topic 280): Improvements to Reportable Segment Disclosures. ASU 2023-07 enhances disclosures regarding segment performance, including information about the chief operating decision maker and measures used to assess performance. The ASU becomes effective for the Corporation beginning with its annual period ending December 2024, and interim periods beginning with first quarter of 2025. The ASU will not impact the financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows of the Corporation. The Corporation is currently evaluating the impact on the notes to the consolidated financial statements, and expects additional disclosures will be required on adoption.

In December 2023, the FASB issued ASU No. 2023-09, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Improvements to Income Tax Disclosures. ASU 2023-09 enhances transparency of income tax disclosures by requiring consistent categories and greater disaggregation of information in the rate reconciliation, and disaggregation of income taxes paid by jurisdiction. Additionally, the ASU requires disclosure of pretax income (or loss) and income tax (or benefit) disaggregated by domestic and foreign. Finally, the ASU removes the requirement of certain disclosures related to unrecognized tax benefits. The ASU becomes effective for the Corporation beginning with its annual period ending December 2025. The ASU will not impact the financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows of the Corporation. The Corporation is currently evaluating the impact on the notes to the consolidated financial statements, and expects additional disclosures will be required on adoption.



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Item 7A.  Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

During the normal course of business, the Corporation is subjected to market risk associated with interest rate movements. Interest rate risk arises from variable interest debt obligations. The Corporation terminated its prior interest rate swap agreement during 2022, and entered into a new interest rate swap agreement in November 2023.

As of December 30, 2023, the Corporation had $39 million of debt outstanding under the Corporation’s $425 million revolving credit facility, and $300 million of debt outstanding under a term loan agreement, both of which bore variable interest based on the Secured Overnight Financing Rate ("SOFR") and are subject to market risk from interest rate fluctuations. The Corporation may utilize additional borrowings under the revolving credit facility over the course of the year, which will be subject to the variable borrowings rate as defined. As of November 2023, the Corporation had an interest rate swap agreement in place to fix the interest rate on $100 million principal amount of the Corporation’s term loan. Under the terms of this interest rate swap, the Corporation pays a fixed rate of 4.7 percent instead of SOFR. As of December 30, 2023, the Corporation had $200 million of borrowings under the term loan which were not covered by the interest rate swap agreement. Based on the Corporation’s variable-rate debt balance outstanding at December 30, 2023, a hypothetical 100 basis point change in the applicable interest rates would not have a material impact on the interest expense incurred by the Corporation.

For information related to the Corporation’s long-term debt, refer to "Note 7. Debt" in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements. For information related to the Corporation’s interest rate swap activity, refer to "Note 10. Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss) and Shareholders’ Equity" in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

The Corporation currently does not have significant foreign currency exposure.

The Corporation is exposed to risks arising from price changes and/or tariffs for certain direct materials and assembly components used in its operations. The most significant material purchases and cost for the Corporation are for steel, plastics, textiles, wood particleboard, and cartoning. The market price of plastics and textiles, in particular, are sensitive to the cost of oil and natural gas. All of these materials are increasingly impacted by global market conditions. The Corporation works to offset these increased costs through global sourcing initiatives, product re-engineering, and price increases on its products. Periodically margins are negatively impacted due to the lag between cost increases and the Corporation’s ability to increase its prices. The Corporation believes future market price increases on its key direct materials and assembly components are likely. Consequently, it views the prospect of such increases as a risk to the business.

Item 8.  Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

The financial statements listed under Item 15(a)(1) and (2) are filed as part of this report and are incorporated herein by reference.

Item 9.  Changes in and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

None.

Item 9A.  Controls and Procedures

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
Disclosure controls and procedures are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by the Corporation in the reports it files or submits under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the "Exchange Act") is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission’s rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures are also designed to ensure information is accumulated and communicated to management, including the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

Under the supervision and with the participation of the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer of the Corporation, the Corporation’s management carried out an evaluation of the Corporation’s disclosure controls and procedures pursuant to Exchange Act Rules 13a – 15(e) and 15d – 15(e) as of the end of the period covered by this Annual Report on Form 10-K. As of December 30, 2023, based on this evaluation, the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer have concluded these disclosure controls and procedures are effective.




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Changes in Internal Controls
There have been no changes in the Corporation’s internal control over financial reporting during the fiscal quarter ended December 30, 2023 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, its internal control over financial reporting.
Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting
Management’s annual report on internal control over financial reporting and the attestation report of the Corporation’s independent registered public accounting firm are included in "Item 15. Exhibit and Financial Statement Schedules" of this report under the headings "Management Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting" and "Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm," respectively, and management’s annual report is incorporated herein by reference.

In the second quarter of 2023, the Corporation acquired Kimball International (See "Note 4. Acquisitions and Divestitures" in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information). Due to the timing of the transaction management has excluded Kimball International from the annual assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting as of December 30, 2023. Kimball International represents approximately 32 percent of the Corporation’s consolidated total assets as of December 30, 2023 and 15 percent of net sales of the Corporation for the year ended December 30, 2023.

Item 9B.  Other Information

Securities Trading Arrangements of Directors and Officers

The following table presents information about each adoption and termination of a “Rule 10b5-1 trading arrangement” or “non-Rule 10b5-1 trading arrangement,” as each such term is defined in Item 408(a) of Regulation S-K, by directors and officers of the Corporation (as "officer" is defined in Rule 16a-1(f) under the Exchange Act) during the three months ended December 30, 2023:

Trading Arrangement
Name and TitleActionDateRule 10b5-1Non-Rule 10b5-1Total Shares to be SoldExpiration Date
Donna D. Meade, Vice President, Member and Community Relations
AdoptNovember 3, 2023x4,975May 31, 2024
Larry B. Porcellato, Director
AdoptDecember 1, 2023x8,000December 13, 2024
Miguel M. Calado, Lead Director
AdoptDecember 7, 2023x5,706November 8, 2024
Vincent P. Berger, Executive Vice President, HNI Corporation, and President, Hearth & Home Technologies LLC
AdoptDecember 14, 2023x23,133February 19, 2025
Mary A. Bell, Director
AdoptDecember 15, 2023x2,898September 13, 2024

Item 9C.  Disclosure Regarding Foreign Jurisdictions that Prevent Inspections

Not applicable.
33

PART III

Item 10.  Directors, Executive Officers, and Corporate Governance

The information under the caption "Corporate Governance and Board Matters" of the Corporation’s Definitive Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A for the Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be held on May 16, 2024 (the "2024 Proxy Statement") is incorporated herein by reference. For information with respect to executive officers of the Corporation, see "Table I - Information about our Executive Officers" included in Part I of this report.

Information relating to the identification of the audit committee and audit committee financial expert of the Corporation is contained under the caption "Directors" of the 2024 Proxy Statement and is incorporated herein by reference.

The information under the caption "Code of Ethics" of the 2024 Proxy Statement is incorporated herein by reference.

Item 11.  Executive Compensation

The information under the captions "Executive Compensation" and "Director Compensation" of the 2024 Proxy Statement is incorporated herein by reference.

Item 12.  Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Shareholder Matters

The information under the captions "Beneficial Ownership of the Corporation’s Stock" and "Equity Compensation Plan Information" of the 2024 Proxy Statement is incorporated herein by reference.

Item 13.  Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

The information under the caption "Corporate Governance and Board Matters" of the 2024 Proxy Statement is incorporated herein by reference.

Item 14.  Principal Accountant Fees and Services

The Corporation’s independent registered public accounting firm is KPMG LLP, Chicago, IL, Auditor Firm ID: 185.

The information under the caption "Audit and Non-Audit Fees" of the 2024 Proxy Statement is incorporated herein by reference.

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PART IV
 
Item 15.  Exhibit and Financial Statement Schedules

(a)(1) Financial Statements

The following consolidated financial statements of the Corporation and its subsidiaries included in the Corporation’s 2023 Annual Report on Form 10-K are filed as a part of this Report pursuant to Item 8:
(2) Financial Statement Schedules

All other schedules for which provision is made in the applicable accounting regulation of the SEC are not required under the related instructions or are inapplicable and, therefore, have been omitted.

(b)Exhibits

(2.1)
(3.1)
(3.2)
(4.1)
(10.1)
(10.2)
(10.3)
(10.4)
(10.5)
35

(10.6)
(10.7)
(10.8)
(10.9)
(10.10)
(10.11)
(10.12)
(10.13)
(10.14)
(10.15)
(10.16)
(10.17)
(10.18)
(10.19)
(10.20)
(10.21)
(10.22)
(10.23)
(10.24)
(10.25)
(10.26)
(10.27)
(10.28)
36

(10.29)
(10.30)
(10.31)
(10.32)
(10.33)
(21)
(23.1)
(24)
(31.1)
(31.2)
(32.1)
(97)
(101)The following materials from HNI Corporation’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 30, 2023 are formatted in Inline XBRL (eXtensible Business Reporting Language) and filed electronically herewith: (i) Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income; (ii) Consolidated Balance Sheets; (iii) Consolidated Statements of Equity; (iv) Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows; and (v) Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(104)Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as Inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101)
*    Indicates management contract or compensatory plan.
** Schedules omitted pursuant to Item 601(b)(2) of Regulation S-K. The Corporation agrees to furnish supplementally a copy of any omitted schedule to the Securities and Exchange Commission upon request; provided, however, that the Corporation may request confidential treatment pursuant to Rule 24b-2 of the Exchange Act for any schedules or exhibits so furnished.
+    Filed or furnished herewith.

Item 16. Form 10-K Summary

None.

Signatures

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this Annual Report on Form 10-K to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
HNI Corporation
  
Date: February 27, 2024By:/s/ Jeffrey D. Lorenger
 Name:  Jeffrey D. Lorenger
 Title:    Chairman, President, and Chief Executive Officer

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated. Each Director whose signature appears below authorizes and appoints Jeffrey D. Lorenger as his or her attorney-in-fact to sign and file on his or her behalf any and all amendments and post-effective amendments to this report.
37

SignatureTitleDate
   
/s/ Jeffrey D. LorengerChairman, President, and Chief Executive Officer, Principal Executive Officer, and DirectorFebruary 27, 2024
Jeffrey D. Lorenger
/s/ Marshall H. BridgesSenior Vice President, Chief Financial Officer, Principal Financial Officer, and Principal Accounting OfficerFebruary 27, 2024
Marshall H. Bridges
/s/ Mary A. BellDirectorFebruary 27, 2024
Mary A. Bell  
/s/ Miguel M. CaladoLead DirectorFebruary 27, 2024
Miguel M. Calado  
/s/ Cheryl A. FrancisDirectorFebruary 27, 2024
Cheryl A. Francis  
/s/ Patrick D. HallinanDirectorFebruary 27, 2024
Patrick D. Hallinan
/s/ John R. HartnettDirectorFebruary 27, 2024
John R. Hartnett
/s/ Mary K. W. JonesDirectorFebruary 27, 2024
Mary K. W. Jones 
/s/ Larry B. PorcellatoDirectorFebruary 27, 2024
Larry B. Porcellato 
/s/ Dhanusha SivajeeDirectorFebruary 27, 2024
Dhanusha Sivajee
/s/ Abbie J. SmithDirectorFebruary 27, 2024
Abbie J. Smith  
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Management Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

Management of HNI Corporation is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. HNI Corporation’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. HNI Corporation’s internal control over financial reporting includes those written policies and procedures that:

pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of HNI Corporation;
provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America, and that receipts and expenditures of HNI Corporation are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of HNI Corporation; and
provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of assets that could have a material effect on the consolidated financial statements.

Internal control over financial reporting includes the controls themselves, monitoring (including internal auditing practices), and actions taken to correct deficiencies as identified.

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission guidance allows companies to exclude acquisitions from management’s report on internal control over financial reporting for the first year after the acquisition when it is not possible to conduct an assessment. In second quarter of 2023, the Corporation acquired Kimball International (See "Note 4. Acquisitions and Divestitures" in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information). Due to the timing of the transaction management has excluded Kimball International from the annual assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting as of December 30, 2023. Kimball International represents approximately 32 percent of the Corporation’s consolidated total assets as of December 30, 2023 and 15 percent of net sales of the Corporation for the year ended December 30, 2023.

Management assessed the effectiveness of HNI Corporation’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 30, 2023. Management based this assessment on criteria for effective internal control over financial reporting described in Internal Control – Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission. Management’s assessment included an evaluation of the design of HNI Corporation’s internal control over financial reporting and testing of operational effectiveness of HNI Corporation’s internal control over financial reporting. Management reviewed the results of its assessment with the Audit Committee of the Board of Directors.

Based on this assessment, management determined, as of December 30, 2023, HNI Corporation maintained effective internal control over financial reporting.

The effectiveness of HNI Corporation’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 30, 2023 has been audited by KPMG LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm, as stated in its report which appears herein.

February 27, 2024

39

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm


To the Shareholders and the Board of Directors
HNI Corporation:

Opinions on the Consolidated Financial Statements and Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of HNI Corporation and subsidiaries (the Company) as of December 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, the related consolidated statements of comprehensive income, equity, and cash flows for fiscal year 2023 ended on December 30, 2023, fiscal year 2022 ended on December 31, 2022, and fiscal year 2021 ended on January 1, 2022, and the related notes (collectively, the consolidated financial statements). We also have audited the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 30, 2023, based on criteria established in Internal Control – Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission.

In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of December 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for fiscal year 2023 ended on December 30, 2023, fiscal year 2022 ended on December 31, 2022, and fiscal year 2021 ended on January 1, 2022, in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. Also in our opinion, the Company maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 30, 2023 based on criteria established in Internal Control Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission.

The Company acquired Kimball International during 2023, and management excluded from its assessment of the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 30, 2023, Kimball International’s internal control over financial reporting associated with 32 percent of consolidated total assets as of December 30, 2023 and 15 percent of net sales as of and for the year ended December 30, 2023 included in the consolidated financial statements of the Company as of and for the year ended December 30, 2023. Our audit of internal control over financial reporting of the Company also excluded an evaluation of the internal control over financial reporting of Kimball International.

Basis for Opinions
The Company’s management is responsible for these consolidated financial statements, for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting, and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in the accompanying Management Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s consolidated financial statements and an opinion on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB) and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the consolidated financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud, and whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects.

Our audits of the consolidated financial statements included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the consolidated financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the consolidated financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the consolidated financial statements. Our audit of internal control over financial reporting included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, and testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk. Our audits also included performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinions.

Definition and Limitations of Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of
40

the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

Critical Audit Matters
The critical audit matters communicated below are matters arising from the current period audit of the consolidated financial statements that were communicated or required to be communicated to the audit committee and that: (1) relate to accounts or disclosures that are material to the consolidated financial statements and (2) involved our especially challenging, subjective, or complex judgments. The communication of critical audit matters does not alter in any way our opinion on the consolidated financial statements, taken as a whole, and we are not, by communicating the critical audit matters below, providing separate opinions on the critical audit matters or on the accounts or disclosures to which they relate.

Acquired customer relationship intangible asset
As discussed in Note 4 to the consolidated financial statements, the Company completed the acquisition of Kimball International Inc. on June 1, 2023, for total consideration of $503.7 million. Accordingly, the assets acquired and liabilities assumed were recognized based on their acquisition date fair values, including identified customer lists and other intangible assets of $47.2 million. The Company applied the multi-period excess earnings method valuation technique to determine the fair value of the identified customer list intangible asset.

We identified the evaluation of the fair value of the Workplace and Health customer relationship intangible asset acquired in the Kimball acquisition as a critical audit matter. In particular, subjective and challenging auditor judgment was required to evaluate the customer retention rate assumption used by management to estimate the fair value of the Workplace and Health customer relationship intangible asset. Additionally, the audit effort associated with the evaluation of the fair value of the acquired customer relationship intangible asset required specialized skills and knowledge.

The following are the primary procedures we performed to address this critical audit matter. We evaluated the design and tested the operating effectiveness of certain internal controls related to the Company’s business combination process, including a control over the development and selection of the significant assumption related to the valuation of the acquired customer relationship intangible asset. In addition, we involved valuation professionals with specialized skills and knowledge, who assisted in testing the Company’s estimated customer retention rate by using the Company’s historical sales data and comparing the results to comparable entities.

Workers’ compensation and product liabilities
As discussed in Note 2 to the consolidated financial statements, the Company reported general, auto, product, and workers’ compensation liabilities of $24.8 million. The Company is primarily self-insured and actuarial valuations are used to determine the liabilities. Those valuations are based in part on certain assumptions about legal actions and the magnitude of change in actual experience development.

We identified the evaluation of certain workers’ compensation and product liabilities as a critical audit matter because of the inherent uncertainty in the amounts that will ultimately be paid to settle these claims. Assessing the Company’s estimate of the workers’ compensation and product liabilities involved assumptions that included uncertainty about legal actions and the magnitude of change in actual experience development. In addition, professionals with specialized skills and knowledge were needed to evaluate the actuarial methods and assumptions used to develop estimated liabilities.

The following are the primary procedures we performed to address this critical audit matter. We evaluated the design and tested the operating effectiveness of certain internal controls related to the development of workers’ compensation and product liabilities. Specifically, this included controls over the Company’s review of the methods and assumptions used to determine the liabilities. We confirmed with the Company’s legal counsel about the likelihood and magnitude of outstanding claims and legal actions. We involved actuarial professionals with specialized skills and knowledge, who assisted in:

evaluating the qualifications of the external actuarial specialists
41

examining methods, procedures, certain assumptions, and judgments used by the external actuarial specialists for consistency with accepted actuarial methods and procedures
comparing the Company’s workers’ compensation and product liabilities to ranges of reserves independently developed based on assumptions independently determined by our actuarial professionals.
/s/ KPMG LLP
We have served as the Company’s auditor since 2015.
Chicago, Illinois
February 27, 2024

42

Financial Statements

HNI Corporation and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
(In millions, except per share data)
202320222021
Net sales$2,434.0 $2,361.8 $2,184.4 
Cost of sales1,485.7 1,526.9 1,427.0 
Gross profit948.3 834.9 757.4 
Selling and administrative expenses813.2 723.4 665.6 
Gain on sale of subsidiary (50.4) 
Restructuring and impairment charges44.8 6.7 6.3 
Operating income90.3 155.2 85.4 
Interest expense, net25.5 8.8 7.2 
Income before income taxes64.8 146.4 78.3 
Income tax expense15.6 22.5 18.5 
Net income49.2 123.9 59.8 
Less: Net income (loss) attributable to non-controlling interest0.0 (0.0)(0.0)
Net income attributable to HNI Corporation$49.2 $123.9 $59.8 
Average number of common shares outstanding – basic44.5 41.7 43.4 
Net income attributable to HNI Corporation per common share – basic$1.11 $2.97 $1.38 
Average number of common shares outstanding – diluted45.4 42.2 44.0 
Net income attributable to HNI Corporation per common share – diluted$1.09 $2.94 $1.36 
Foreign currency translation adjustments$(0.2)$(5.7)$0.4 
Change in unrealized gains (losses) on marketable securities, net of tax0.4 (0.7)(0.3)
Change in pension and post-retirement liability, net of tax(0.0)4.3 1.2 
Change in derivative financial instruments, net of tax(2.8)0.8 1.0 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax(2.6)(1.3)2.4 
Comprehensive income46.6 122.6 62.2 
Less: Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to non-controlling interest0.0 (0.0)(0.0)
Comprehensive income attributable to HNI Corporation$46.6 $122.6 $62.2 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

Amounts may not sum due to rounding.

43

HNI Corporation and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(In millions)
December 30, 2023December 31, 2022
Assets  
Current Assets:  
Cash and cash equivalents$28.9 $17.4 
Short-term investments5.6 2.0 
Receivables247.1 218.4 
Allowance for doubtful accounts(3.5)(3.2)
Inventories, net196.6 180.1 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets61.3 54.4 
Total Current Assets535.9 469.2 
Property, Plant, and Equipment:
Land and land improvements58.9 30.8 
Buildings406.8 275.4 
Machinery and equipment705.8 602.6 
Construction in progress22.2 34.2 
 1,193.7 942.9 
Less accumulated depreciation(638.5)(590.3)
Net Property, Plant, and Equipment555.2 352.5 
Right-of-use - Finance Leases12.2 11.4 
Right-of-use - Operating Leases115.2 88.4 
Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets, net651.9 439.8 
Other Assets58.4 53.2 
Total Assets$1,928.8 $1,414.5 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

Amounts may not sum due to rounding.
44

HNI Corporation and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(In millions, except par value)
December 30, 2023December 31, 2022
Liabilities and Equity  
Current Liabilities: 
Accounts payable and accrued expenses$418.7 $367.7 
Current maturities of debt7.5 1.3 
Current maturities of other long-term obligations7.3 2.1 
Current lease obligations - Finance4.4 3.7 
Current lease obligations - Operating25.9 20.3 
Total Current Liabilities463.7 395.1 
Long-Term Debt428.3 188.8 
Long-Term Lease Obligations - Finance7.9 7.7 
Long-Term Lease Obligations - Operating 104.0 78.9 
Other Long-Term Liabilities78.0 66.3 
Deferred Income Taxes85.1 61.0 
Equity:
HNI Corporation shareholders’ equity:
 Capital Stock:
Preferred stock - $1 par value, authorized 2.0 million shares, no shares outstanding
  
Common stock - $1 par value, authorized 200.0 million shares, outstanding:
  December 30, 2023 - 46.9 million shares; December 31, 2022 - 41.4 million shares
46.9 41.4 
Additional paid-in capital201.6 49.1 
Retained earnings523.6 534.0 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(10.6)(8.0)
Total HNI Corporation shareholders’ equity 761.4 616.5 
Non-controlling interest0.3 0.3 
Total Equity761.8 616.8 
Total Liabilities and Equity$1,928.8 $1,414.5 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

Amounts may not sum due to rounding.

45

HNI Corporation and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Equity
(In millions, except per share data)
Common StockAdditional Paid-in CapitalRetained EarningsAccumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)Non-controlling InterestTotal Shareholders’ Equity
Balance, January 2, 2021$42.9 $38.7 $518.0 $(9.2)$0.3 $590.7 
Comprehensive income: 
Net income (loss)— — 59.8 — (0.0)59.8 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax— — — 2.4 — 2.4 
Dividends payable— (1.0)— (1.0)
Cash dividends; $1.235 per share
— — (53.7)— — (53.7)
Common shares – treasury:
Shares purchased(1.5)(50.4)(8.5)— — (60.4)
Shares issued under Members’ Stock Purchase Plan and stock awards, net of tax1.2 51.0 — — — 52.2 
Balance, January 1, 2022$42.6 $39.2 $514.6 $(6.8)$0.3 $590.0 
Comprehensive income:      
Net income (loss)— — 123.9 — (0.0)123.9 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax— — — (1.3)— (1.3)
Dividends payable— — (0.4)— — (0.4)
Cash dividends; $1.270 per share
— — (53.0)— — (53.0)
Common shares – treasury:      
Shares purchased(1.7)(11.1)(51.1)— — (63.9)
Shares issued under Members’ Stock Purchase Plan and stock awards, net of tax0.5 21.0 — — — 21.5 
Balance, December 31, 2022$41.4 $49.1 $534.0 $(8.0)$0.3 $616.8 
Comprehensive income:
Net income— — 49.2 — 0.0 49.2 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax— — — (2.6)— (2.6)
Dividends payable— — (1.6)— — (1.6)
Cash dividends; $1.280 per share
— — (58.1)— — (58.1)
Common shares – treasury:
Shares purchased(0.0)(0.4)— — — (0.4)
Shares issued in connection with Kimball International, Inc acquisition4.7 116.1 — — — 120.8 
Shares issued under Members’ Stock Purchase Plan and stock awards, net of tax0.7 36.9 — — — 37.6 
Balance, December 30, 2023$46.9