Company Quick10K Filing
Quick10K
Hospitality Properties Trust
Closing Price ($) Shares Out (MM) Market Cap ($MM)
$25.90 164 $4,260
10-Q 2019-03-31 Quarter: 2019-03-31
10-K 2018-12-31 Annual: 2018-12-31
10-Q 2018-09-30 Quarter: 2018-09-30
10-Q 2018-06-30 Quarter: 2018-06-30
10-Q 2018-03-31 Quarter: 2018-03-31
10-K 2017-12-31 Annual: 2017-12-31
10-Q 2017-09-30 Quarter: 2017-09-30
10-Q 2017-06-30 Quarter: 2017-06-30
10-Q 2017-03-31 Quarter: 2017-03-31
10-K 2016-12-31 Annual: 2016-12-31
10-Q 2016-09-30 Quarter: 2016-09-30
10-Q 2016-06-30 Quarter: 2016-06-30
10-Q 2016-03-31 Quarter: 2016-03-31
10-K 2015-12-31 Annual: 2015-12-31
10-Q 2015-09-30 Quarter: 2015-09-30
10-Q 2015-06-30 Quarter: 2015-06-30
10-Q 2015-03-31 Quarter: 2015-03-31
10-K 2014-12-31 Annual: 2014-12-31
10-Q 2014-09-30 Quarter: 2014-09-30
10-Q 2014-06-30 Quarter: 2014-06-30
10-Q 2014-03-31 Quarter: 2014-03-31
10-K 2013-12-31 Annual: 2013-12-31
8-K 2019-06-13 Shareholder Vote, Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2019-06-02 Enter Agreement, Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2019-05-10 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2019-04-03 Amend Bylaw, Exhibits
8-K 2019-01-29 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2019-01-17 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2019-01-17 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2019-01-16 Enter Agreement, Exhibits
8-K 2019-01-14 Earnings
8-K 2018-11-06 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-10-25 Officers
8-K 2018-08-09 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-06-14 Officers, Shareholder Vote, Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-05-15 Enter Agreement, Off-BS Arrangement, Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-05-14 Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2018-04-12 Officers, Amend Bylaw, Exhibits
8-K 2018-02-25 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-01-30 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-01-19 Earnings
SUPN Supernus Pharmaceuticals 1,910
RUSHA Rush Enterprises 1,510
AXGN Axogen 936
EXTR Extreme Networks 749
NVFY Nova Lifestyle 21
MDRR Medalist Diversified REIT 11
FLKS Flex Pharma 8
PVA Penn Virginia 0
ACAN Americann 0
FKWL Franklin Wireless 0
HPT 2019-03-31
Part I Financial Information
Item 1. Financial Statements
Note 1. Basis of Presentation
Note 2. New Accounting Pronouncements
Note 3. Revenue Recognition
Note 4. Weighted Average Common Shares
Note 5. Shareholders' Equity
Note 6. Indebtedness
Note 7. Real Estate Properties
Note 8. Management Agreements and Leases
Note 9. Business and Property Management Agreements with Rmr Llc
Note 10. Related Person Transactions
Note 11. Income Taxes
Note 12. Segment Information
Note 13. Fair Value of Assets and Liabilities
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk (Dollar Amounts in Thousands, Except per Share Amounts)
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Part II Other Information
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Item 6. Exhibits
EX-31.1 hpt_033119xexhibitx311.htm
EX-31.2 hpt_033119xexhibitx312.htm
EX-32.1 hpt_033119xexhibitx321.htm

Hospitality Properties Trust Earnings 2019-03-31

HPT 10Q Quarterly Report

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow

10-Q 1 hptq1201910qdocument.htm 10-Q Document

 
 
 
 
 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
☒QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2019
OR
☐TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Commission File Number 1-11527
HOSPITALITY PROPERTIES TRUST
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)
Maryland
 
04-3262075
(State or Other Jurisdiction of
Incorporation or Organization)
 
(IRS Employer Identification No.)
Two Newton Place, 255 Washington Street, Suite 300, Newton, Massachusetts 02458
(Address of Principal Executive Offices) (Zip Code)
617-964-8389
(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☒ No ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes ☒ No ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer ☒
 
Accelerated filer ☐
 
 
 
Non-accelerated filer ☐
 
Smaller reporting company ☐
 
 
 
Emerging growth company ☐
 
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ☐ No ☒
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of Each Class
 
Trading Symbol
 
Name of each Exchange on which Registered
Common Shares of Beneficial Interest
 
HPT
 
The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC
Number of registrant’s common shares of beneficial interest, $.01 par value per share, outstanding as of May 9, 2019: 164,440,067
 
 
 
 
 



HOSPITALITY PROPERTIES TRUST
FORM 10-Q
March 31, 2019
INDEX
 
 
Page
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
References in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q to the Company, HPT, we, us or our include Hospitality Properties Trust and its consolidated subsidiaries unless otherwise expressly stated or the context indicates otherwise.

2


Part I Financial Information
Item 1. Financial Statements
HOSPITALITY PROPERTIES TRUST
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Unaudited)
(dollars in thousands, except share data)
 
 
March 31,
 
December 31,
 
 
2019
 
2018
ASSETS
 
 
 
 
Real estate properties:
 
 
 
 
Land
 
$
1,671,210

 
$
1,626,239

Buildings, improvements and equipment
 
7,962,010

 
7,896,734

Total real estate properties, gross
 
9,633,220

 
9,522,973

Accumulated depreciation
 
(2,979,795
)
 
(2,973,384
)
Total real estate properties, net
 
6,653,425

 
6,549,589

Cash and cash equivalents
 
23,675

 
25,966

Restricted cash
 
75,129

 
50,037

Due from related persons
 
79,710

 
91,212

Other assets, net
 
423,865

 
460,275

Total assets
 
$
7,255,804

 
$
7,177,079

 
 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
 
 
 
Unsecured revolving credit facility
 
$
141,000

 
$
177,000

Unsecured term loan, net
 
397,442

 
397,292

Senior unsecured notes, net
 
3,600,314

 
3,598,295

Security deposits
 
116,448

 
132,816

Accounts payable and other liabilities
 
250,925

 
211,332

Due to related persons
 
13,109

 
62,913

Total liabilities
 
4,519,238

 
4,579,648

 
 
 
 
 
Commitments and contingencies
 

 

 
 
 
 
 
Shareholders’ equity:
 
 
 
 
Common shares of beneficial interest, $.01 par value; 200,000,000 shares authorized; 164,441,709 shares issued and outstanding
 
1,644

 
1,644

Additional paid in capital
 
4,545,917

 
4,545,481

Cumulative other comprehensive loss
 
(200
)
 
(266
)
Cumulative net income available for common shareholders
 
3,457,682

 
3,231,895

Cumulative common distributions
 
(5,268,477
)
 
(5,181,323
)
Total shareholders’ equity
 
2,736,566

 
2,597,431

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity
 
$
7,255,804

 
$
7,177,079

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

3


HOSPITALITY PROPERTIES TRUST
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(Unaudited)
(dollars in thousands, except share data)
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
2019
 
2018
Revenues:
 
 
 
 
Hotel operating revenues
 
$
455,385

 
$
445,276

Rental income
 
68,151

 
81,993

FF&E reserve income
 
1,372

 
1,364

Total revenues
 
524,908

 
528,633

 
 
 
 
 
Expenses:
 
 
 
 
Hotel operating expenses
 
319,125

 
314,982

Depreciation and amortization
 
99,365

 
99,617

General and administrative
 
12,235

 
11,734

Total expenses
 
430,725

 
426,333

 
 
 
 
 
Gain on sale of real estate
 
159,535

 

Dividend income
 
876

 
626

Unrealized gains and losses on equity securities, net
 
20,977

 
24,955

Interest income
 
637

 
292

Interest expense (including amortization of debt issuance costs and debt discounts and premiums of $2,570 and $2,478, respectively)
 
(49,766
)
 
(47,540
)
Income before income taxes and equity in earnings of an investee
 
226,442

 
80,633

Income tax expense
 
(1,059
)
 
(471
)
Equity in earnings of an investee
 
404

 
44

Net income
 
225,787

 
80,206

 
 
 
 
 
Other comprehensive income (loss):
 
 
 
 
Equity interest in investee's unrealized gains (losses)
 
66

 
(93
)
Other comprehensive income (loss)
 
66

 
(93
)
Comprehensive income
 
$
225,853

 
$
80,113

 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average common shares outstanding (basic)
 
164,278

 
164,199

Weighted average common shares outstanding (diluted)
 
164,322

 
164,219

 
 
 
 
 
Net income per common share (basic and diluted)
 
$
1.37

 
$
0.49

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.


4


HOSPITALITY PROPERTIES TRUST
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(unaudited)
(in thousands, except share data)
 
Common Shares
 
Additional
Paid in
Capital
 
Cumulative
Net Income
Available for
Common
Shareholders
 
Cumulative
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
 
 
 
Number of
Shares
 
Common
Shares
 
Cumulative
Common
Distributions
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total
Balance at December 31, 2018
164,441,709

 
$
1,644

 
$
(5,181,323
)
 
$
4,545,481

 
$
3,231,895

 
$
(266
)
 
$
2,597,431

Net income

 

 

 

 
225,787

 

 
225,787

Equity interest in investee’s unrealized gains

 

 

 

 

 
66

 
66

Common share grants

 

 

 
436

 

 

 
436

Distributions

 

 
(87,154
)
 

 

 

 
(87,154
)
Balance at March 31, 2019
164,441,709

 
$
1,644

 
$
(5,268,477
)
 
$
4,545,917

 
$
3,457,682

 
$
(200
)
 
$
2,736,566

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at December 31, 2017
164,349,141

 
$
1,643

 
$
(4,834,491
)
 
$
4,542,307

 
$
2,966,605

 
$
79,358

 
$
2,755,422

Cumulative effect of accounting change

 

 

 

 
79,556

 
(79,556
)
 

Net income

 

 

 

 
80,206

 

 
80,206

Equity interest in investee’s unrealized losses

 

 

 

 

 
(93
)
 
(93
)
Common share repurchases
(3,394
)
 

 

 
(101
)
 

 

 
(101
)
Distributions

 

 
(85,460
)
 

 

 

 
(85,460
)
Balance at March 31, 2018
164,345,747

 
$
1,643

 
$
(4,919,951
)
 
$
4,542,206

 
$
3,126,367

 
$
(291
)
 
$
2,749,974

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.


5


HOSPITALITY PROPERTIES TRUST
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)
(in thousands)
 
 
For the Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
2019
 
2018
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
 
Net income
 
$
225,787

 
$
80,206

Adjustments to reconcile net income to cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
 
99,365

 
99,617

Amortization of debt issuance costs and debt discounts and premiums as interest
 
2,570

 
2,478

Straight line rental income
 
1,132

 
(3,079
)
Security deposits utilized
 
(16,368
)
 
(6,724
)
Unrealized gains and losses on equity securities, net
 
(20,977
)
 
(24,955
)
Equity in earnings of an investee
 
(404
)
 
(44
)
Gain on sale of real estate
 
(159,535
)
 

Other non-cash (income) expense, net
 
(330
)
 
(1,399
)
Changes in assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
 
Due from related persons
 
2,895

 
(716
)
Other assets
 
(8,642
)
 
(4,058
)
Accounts payable and other liabilities
 
(28,233
)
 
(16,785
)
Due to related persons
 
(53,395
)
 
(74,856
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
 
43,865

 
49,685

 
 
 
 
 
Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
 
Real estate acquisitions and deposits
 
(148,011
)
 

Real estate improvements
 
(11,738
)
 
(26,483
)
Hotel managers’ purchases with restricted cash
 
(46,361
)
 
(33,226
)
Net proceeds from sale of real estate
 
308,200

 

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities
 
102,090

 
(59,709
)
 
 
 
 
 
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
 
Proceeds from issuance of senior unsecured notes, after discounts and premiums
 

 
389,976

Borrowings under unsecured revolving credit facility
 
94,000

 
155,000

Repayments of unsecured revolving credit facility
 
(130,000
)
 
(467,000
)
Deferred financing costs
 

 
(3,522
)
Repurchase of common shares
 

 
(101
)
Distributions to common shareholders
 
(87,154
)
 
(85,460
)
Net cash used in financing activities
 
(123,154
)
 
(11,107
)
Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash
 
22,801

 
(21,131
)
Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period
 
76,003

 
97,496

Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period
 
$
98,804

 
$
76,365

 
 
 
 
 
Supplemental disclosure of cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash:
 
 
 
 
The following table provides a reconciliation of cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash reported within the condensed consolidated balance sheets to the amount shown in the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows:
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
23,675

 
$
16,832

Restricted cash
 
75,129

 
59,533

Total cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash
 
$
98,804

 
$
76,365

 
 
 
 
 
Supplemental cash flow information:
 
 
 
 
Cash paid for interest
 
$
77,745

 
$
61,162

Cash paid for income taxes
 
320

 
193

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

6

HOSPITALITY PROPERTIES TRUST
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(dollars in thousands, except share data)
(Unaudited)




Note 1. Basis of Presentation
The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements of Hospitality Properties Trust and its subsidiaries, or HPT, we, our or us, are unaudited. Certain information and disclosures required by U.S. generally accepted accounting principles, or GAAP, for complete financial statements have been condensed or omitted. We believe the disclosures made are adequate to make the information presented not misleading. However, the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018, or our 2018 Annual Report. In the opinion of management, all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring accruals considered necessary for a fair statement of results for the interim period, have been included. These condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of HPT and our subsidiaries, all of which are 100% owned directly or indirectly by HPT. All intercompany transactions and balances with or among our consolidated subsidiaries have been eliminated. Our operating results for interim periods and those of our managers and tenants are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the full year. Reclassifications have been made to the prior years’ condensed consolidated financial statements to conform to the current year’s presentation.
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect reported amounts. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Significant estimates in our condensed consolidated financial statements include the allowance for doubtful accounts, purchase price allocations, useful lives of fixed assets, impairment of real estate and the valuation of intangible assets.
We have determined that each of our wholly owned taxable REIT subsidiaries, or TRSs, is a variable interest entity, or VIE, as defined under the Consolidation Topic of the Financial Accounting Standards Board, or FASB, Accounting Standards Codification™. We have concluded that we must consolidate each of our wholly owned TRSs because we are the entity with the power to direct the activities that most significantly impact such VIEs’ performance and we have the obligation to absorb losses or the right to receive benefits from each VIE that could be significant to the VIE and are, therefore, the primary beneficiary of each VIE. The assets of our TRSs were $34,409 and $31,917 as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively, and consist primarily of amounts due from and working capital advances to certain of our hotel managers. The liabilities of our TRSs were $135,210 and $148,459 as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively, and consist primarily of security deposits they hold and amounts payable to certain of our hotel managers. The assets of our TRSs are available to satisfy our TRSs’ obligations and we have guaranteed certain obligations of our TRSs.
Note 2. New Accounting Pronouncements
In February 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update, or ASU, No. 2016-02, Leases. Additional guidance and targeted improvements to ASU No. 2016-02 were made through the issuance of supplemental ASUs in July 2018, December 2018 and March 2019, or collectively with ASU No. 2016-02, the Lease Standard. We adopted the Lease Standard on January 1, 2019. The Lease Standard sets out the principles for the recognition, measurement, presentation and disclosure of leases for both parties to a contract (i.e., lessees and lessors). The Lease Standard requires lessees to apply a dual approach, classifying leases as either finance or operating leases based on the principle of whether or not the lease is effectively a financed purchase of the leased asset by the lessee. This classification will determine whether the lease expense is recognized based on an effective interest method or on a straight line basis over the term of the lease. Upon adoption, we applied the package of practical expedients that allowed us not to reassess (i) whether any expired or existing contracts are or contain leases, (ii) lease classification for any expired or existing leases, (iii) initial direct costs for any expired or existing leases and (iv) the option to initially apply the Lease Standard at the adoption date and recognize a cumulative effect adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings in the period of adoption, although we did not have such an adjustment. Additionally, our leases met the criteria not to separate non-lease components from the related lease component.
As a lessor. We are required to account for leases using an approach that is substantially equivalent to existing guidance for sales type leases, direct financing leases and operating leases. Adoption of the Lease Standard did not have a material impact in our condensed consolidated financial statements for our leases where we are the lessor.
As a lessee. We are required to record right of use assets and lease liabilities in our condensed consolidated balance sheets for leases with terms greater than 12 months, where we are the lessee. We recorded right of use assets and related lease liabilities of $77,010 upon implementation of the Lease Standard. Adoption of the Lease Standard did not have a material effect

7

HOSPITALITY PROPERTIES TRUST
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(dollars in thousands, except share data)
(Unaudited)



in our condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income or condensed consolidated statements of cash flows for our leases where we are the lessee.
See Note 8 for further information regarding our leases and the adoption of the Lease Standard.
In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments, which requires that entities use a new forward-looking “expected loss” model that generally will result in the earlier recognition of allowance for credit losses. The measurement of expected credit losses is based upon historical experience, current conditions, and reasonable and supportable forecasts that affect the collectability of the reported amount. ASU No. 2016-13 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within those fiscal years. We are currently assessing the potential impact the adoption of ASU No. 2016-13 will have in our condensed consolidated financial statements.
Note 3. Revenue Recognition
We report hotel operating revenues for managed hotels in our condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income. We generally recognize hotel operating revenues, consisting primarily of room and food and beverage sales, when goods and services are provided.
We report rental income for leased hotels and travel centers in our condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income. We recognize rental income from operating leases on a straight line basis over the term of the lease agreements. Rental income includes decreases of $1,132 and increases of $3,079 for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, of adjustments necessary to record scheduled rent changes under certain of our leases, the deferred rent obligations payable to us under our leases with TravelCenters of America LLC, or TA, and the estimated future payments to us under our TA leases for the cost of removing underground storage tanks at our travel centers on a straight line basis. See Notes 8 and 10 for further information regarding our TA leases. Due from related persons includes $57,738 and $66,347 and other assets, net, includes $3,155 and $3,073 of straight line rent receivables at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively.
We determine percentage rent due to us under our leases annually and recognize it when all contingencies are met and the rent is earned. We had deferred estimated percentage rent of $1,069 and $835 for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.
We own all the FF&E reserve escrows for our hotels. We report deposits by our third party tenants into the escrow accounts as FF&E reserve income. We do not report the amounts which are escrowed as reserves established for the regular refurbishment of our hotels, or FF&E reserves, for our managed hotels as FF&E reserve income.
Note 4. Weighted Average Common Shares
The following table provides a reconciliation of the weighted average number of common shares used in the calculation of basic and diluted earnings per share:
 
 
For the Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
2019
 
2018
 
 
(in thousands)
Weighted average common shares for basic earnings per share
 
164,278

 
164,199

Effect of dilutive securities: Unvested share awards
 
44

 
20

Weighted average common shares for diluted earnings per share
 
164,322

 
164,219

Note 5. Shareholders' Equity
Share Purchases
On April 5, 2019, we purchased an aggregate of 1,642 of our common shares for $26.64 per common share, the closing price of our common shares on The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC on that day, from a former officer of The RMR Group LLC, or RMR LLC, in satisfaction of tax withholding and payment obligations in connection with the vesting of awards of our common shares.

8

HOSPITALITY PROPERTIES TRUST
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(dollars in thousands, except share data)
(Unaudited)



Distributions
On February 21, 2019, we paid a regular quarterly distribution to our common shareholders of record on January 28, 2019 of $0.53 per share, or $87,154. On April 18, 2019, we declared a regular quarterly distribution to common shareholders of record on April 29, 2019 of $0.54 per share, or $88,798. We expect to pay this amount on or about May 16, 2019.
Cumulative Other Comprehensive Loss
Cumulative other comprehensive loss, as of March 31, 2019, represents our share of the comprehensive loss of Affiliates Insurance Company, or AIC. See Note 10 for further information regarding this investment.
Note 6. Indebtedness
Our principal debt obligations at March 31, 2019 were: (1) $141,000 of outstanding borrowings under our $1,000,000 unsecured revolving credit facility; (2) our $400,000 unsecured term loan; and (3) $3,650,000 aggregate outstanding principal amount of senior unsecured notes. Our revolving credit facility and our term loan are governed by a credit agreement with a syndicate of institutional lenders.
Our $1,000,000 revolving credit facility is available for general business purposes, including acquisitions. The maturity date of our revolving credit facility is July 15, 2022, and, subject to the payment of an extension fee and meeting certain other conditions, we have an option to extend the maturity date of the facility for two additional six month periods. We can borrow, repay and reborrow funds available under our revolving credit facility until maturity, and no principal repayment is due until maturity. We are required to pay interest on borrowings under our revolving credit facility at the rate of LIBOR plus a premium, which was 100 basis points per annum as of March 31, 2019. We also pay a facility fee, which was 20 basis points per annum at March 31, 2019, on the total amount of lending commitments under our revolving credit facility. Both the interest rate premium and the facility fee are subject to adjustment based upon changes to our credit ratings. As of March 31, 2019, the annual interest rate payable on borrowings under our revolving credit facility was 3.41%. The weighted average annual interest rate for borrowings under our revolving credit facility was 3.41% and 2.75% for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. As of March 31, 2019, we had $141,000 outstanding and $859,000 available under our revolving credit facility. As of May 9, 2019, we had $96,000 outstanding and $904,000 available to borrow under our revolving credit facility.
Our $400,000 term loan, which matures on July 15, 2023, is prepayable without penalty at any time. We are required to pay interest on the amount outstanding under our term loan at the rate of LIBOR plus a premium, which was 110 basis points per annum as of March 31, 2019. The interest rate premium is subject to adjustment based on changes to our credit ratings. As of March 31, 2019, the annual interest rate for the amount outstanding under our term loan was 3.59%. The weighted average annual interest rate for borrowings under our term loan was 3.60% and 2.80% for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.
Our credit agreement also includes a feature under which maximum aggregate borrowings may be increased to up to $2,300,000 on a combined basis in certain circumstances. Our credit agreement and our unsecured senior notes indentures and their supplements provide for acceleration of payment of all amounts outstanding upon the occurrence and continuation of certain events of default, such as, in the case of our credit agreement, a change of control of us, which includes RMR LLC ceasing to act as our business manager. Our credit agreement and our unsecured senior notes indentures and their supplements also contain covenants, including those that restrict our ability to incur debts or to make distributions under certain circumstances and generally require us to maintain certain financial ratios. We believe we were in compliance with the terms and conditions of our credit agreement and our unsecured senior notes indentures and their supplements at March 31, 2019.
Note 7. Real Estate Properties
At March 31, 2019, we owned 327 hotels and 179 travel centers.
During the three months ended March 31, 2019, we funded $44,766 for improvements to certain of our properties which, pursuant to the terms of our management and lease agreements with our managers and tenants, resulted in increases in our contractual annual minimum returns and rents of $3,585. See Notes 8 and 10 for further information about our management and lease agreements and our fundings of improvements to certain of our properties.
Acquisitions

9

HOSPITALITY PROPERTIES TRUST
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(dollars in thousands, except share data)
(Unaudited)



During the three months ended March 31, 2019, we acquired one hotel. We accounted for this transaction as an acquisition of assets. Our allocation of the purchase price of this acquisition based on the estimated fair value of the acquired assets is presented in the table below.
Acquisition Date
 
Location
 
Purchase Price
 
Land
 
Land Improvements
 
Building and Improvements
 
Furniture, Fixtures and Equipment
2/22/2019
 
Washington, D.C. (1)
 
$
143,742

 
$
44,972

 
$
151

 
$
93,412

 
$
5,207

(1)
On February 22, 2019, we acquired the 335 room Hotel Palomar located in Washington, D.C. for a purchase price of $143,742, including capitalized acquisition costs of $2,292. We added this Kimpton® branded hotel to our management agreement with InterContinental Hotels Group, plc, or IHG. See Note 8 for further information regarding our management agreement with IHG for 101 hotels, or our IHG agreement.
On May 7, 2019, we acquired the 198 room Crowne Plaza Milwaukee West hotel in Milwaukee, WI for a purchase price of $30,000, excluding acquisition related costs. We added this Crowne Plaza® branded hotel to our management agreement with IHG.
Dispositions
In January 2019, in a series of transactions, we sold 20 travel centers in 15 states to TA for $308,200. We recorded a gain of $159,535 in the first quarter of 2019 as a result of these sales. See Notes 8 and 10 for further information regarding these transactions, our relationship and leases with TA.
Note 8. Management Agreements and Leases
As of March 31, 2019, we owned 327 hotels and 179 travel centers, which were included in 13 operating agreements. We do not operate any of our properties.
As of March 31, 2019325 of our hotels were leased to our TRSs and managed by independent hotel operating companies and two hotels were leased to third parties. As of March 31, 2019, our hotel properties were managed by or leased to separate subsidiaries of Marriott International, Inc., or Marriott, IHG, Sonesta International Hotels Corporation, or Sonesta, Wyndham Hotels & Resorts, Inc., or Wyndham, Hyatt Hotels Corporation, or Hyatt, and Radisson Hospitality, Inc., or Radisson, under eight agreements. These hotel agreements have initial terms expiring between 2019 and 2038. Each of these agreements is for between one and 101 of our hotels. In general, the agreements contain renewal options for all, but not less than all, of the affected properties included in each agreement, and the renewal terms range between 20 to 60 years. Most of these agreements require the third party manager or tenant to: (1) make payments to us of minimum returns or minimum rents; (2) deposit a percentage of total hotel sales into FF&E reserves; and (3) for our managed hotels, make payments to our TRSs of additional returns to the extent of available cash flows after payment of operating expenses, funding of the FF&E reserves, payment of our minimum returns, payment of certain management fees and replenishment of security deposits or guarantees. Some of our managers or tenants or their affiliates have provided deposits or guarantees to secure their obligations to pay us.
Marriott No. 1 agreement. Our management agreement with Marriott for 53 hotels, or our Marriott No. 1 agreement, provides that, as of March 31, 2019, we are to be paid an annual minimum return of $71,496 to the extent that gross revenues of the hotels, after payment of hotel operating expenses and funding of the FF&E reserve, are sufficient to do so. Marriott’s base and incentive management fees are only earned after we receive our minimum returns. We realized minimum returns of $15,712 and $16,083 during the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, under this agreement. We do not have any security deposits or guarantees for our minimum returns from the 53 hotels included in our Marriott No. 1 agreement. Accordingly, the minimum returns we receive from these hotels managed by Marriott are limited to the hotels' available cash flows after payment of operating expenses and funding of the FF&E reserve.
We funded $13,593 and $177 for capital improvements to certain of the hotels included in our Marriott No. 1 agreement during the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, which resulted in increases in our contractual annual minimum returns of $1,359 and $18, respectively.
Marriott No. 234 agreement. Our management agreement with Marriott for 68 hotels, or our Marriott No. 234 agreement, provides that, as of March 31, 2019, we are to be paid an annual minimum return of $108,160. We realized minimum returns of

10

HOSPITALITY PROPERTIES TRUST
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(dollars in thousands, except share data)
(Unaudited)



$26,893 and $26,710 during the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, under this agreement. Pursuant to our Marriott No. 234 agreement, Marriott has provided us with a security deposit to cover minimum return payment shortfalls, if any. Under this agreement, this security deposit may be replenished and increased up to $64,700 from a share of hotel cash flows in excess of the minimum returns due to us. Marriott’s base and incentive management fees are only earned after we receive our minimum returns. During the three months ended March 31, 2019, we reduced the available security deposit by $2,113 to cover shortfalls in hotel cash flows available to pay the minimum returns due to us for the period. The available balance of this security deposit was $30,598 as of March 31, 2019. Pursuant to our Marriott No. 234 agreement, Marriott has also provided us with a limited guaranty which expires in 2019 for shortfalls up to 90% of our minimum returns, if and after the available security deposit has been depleted. The available balance of the guaranty was $30,672 as of March 31, 2019.
We funded $9,000 and $3,680 for capital improvements to certain of the hotels included in our Marriott No. 234 agreement during the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, which resulted in increases in our contractual annual minimum returns of $810 and $331, respectively.
Marriott No. 5 agreement. We lease one hotel in Kauai, HI to Marriott which requires that, as of March 31, 2019, we are paid annual minimum rents of $10,518. This lease is guaranteed by Marriott and we realized $2,630 and $2,580 of rent for this hotel during the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. The guaranty provided by Marriott with respect to this leased hotel is unlimited. Marriott has four renewal options for 15 years each. On August 31, 2016, Marriott notified us that it will not exercise its renewal option at the expiration of the current lease term ending on December 31, 2019.
IHG agreement. Our IHG agreement, provides that, as of March 31, 2019, we are to be paid annual minimum returns and rents of $205,011. We realized minimum returns and rents of $49,584 and $47,315 during the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, under this agreement.
Pursuant to our IHG agreement, IHG has provided us with a security deposit to cover minimum payment shortfalls, if any. Under this agreement, IHG is required to maintain a minimum security deposit of $37,000 and this security deposit may be replenished and increased up to $100,000 from a share of future cash flows from the hotels in excess of our minimum returns and rents. During the three months ended March 31, 2019, we reduced the available security deposit by $14,255 to cover shortfalls in hotel cash flows available to pay the minimum returns and rents due to us for the period. The available balance of this security deposit was $85,745 as of March 31, 2019. In connection with the February 2019 acquisition of the Hotel Palomar described in Note 7, IHG agreed to provide us $5,000 to supplement the existing security deposit.
We did not fund any capital improvements to our IHG hotels during each of the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018.
Sonesta agreement. As of March 31, 2019, Sonesta managed 12 of our full service hotels and 39 of our limited service hotels pursuant to management agreements for each of the hotels, which we refer to collectively as our Sonesta agreement, and a pooling agreement, which combines those management agreements for purposes of calculating gross revenues, payment of hotel operating expenses, payment of fees and distributions and minimum returns due to us.
Our Sonesta agreement provides that we are paid a fixed annual minimum return equal to 8% of our invested capital, as defined therein, if gross revenues of the hotels, after payment of hotel operating expenses and management and related fees (other than Sonesta’s incentive fee, if applicable), are sufficient to do so. Our fixed annual minimum return under our Sonesta agreement was $127,573 as of March 31, 2019. Our Sonesta agreement further provides that we are paid an additional return based upon operating profits, as defined therein, after payment of Sonesta’s incentive fee, if applicable. We realized returns of $14,161 and $11,972 during the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, under our Sonesta agreement. We do not have any security deposits or guarantees for our Sonesta hotels. Accordingly, the returns we receive from our Sonesta hotels are limited to the hotels’ available cash flows after payment of operating expenses, including management and related fees.
Pursuant to our Sonesta agreement, we incurred management, reservation and system fees and reimbursement costs for certain guest loyalty, marketing program and third party reservation transmission fees of $8,523 and $7,325 for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. In addition, we incurred procurement and construction supervision fees of $405 for each of the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, under our Sonesta agreement. These amounts are included in hotel operating expenses or have been capitalized, as appropriate, in our condensed consolidated financial statements.

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HOSPITALITY PROPERTIES TRUST
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(dollars in thousands, except share data)
(Unaudited)



Our Sonesta agreement does not require FF&E escrow deposits, but does require us to fund capital expenditures at our Sonesta hotels. We funded $10,467 and $13,132 for renovations and other capital improvements to certain hotels included in our Sonesta agreement during the three months ended March 31, 2019, and 2018, respectively, which resulted in increases in our contractual annual minimum returns of $484 and $747, respectively. The annual minimum returns due to us under our Sonesta agreement increase by 8% of the capital expenditure amounts we fund in excess of threshold amounts, as defined therein. We owed Sonesta $9,226 and $5,419 for capital expenditure and other reimbursements at March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. Amounts due from Sonesta are included in due from related persons and amounts owed to Sonesta are included in due to related persons in our condensed consolidated balance sheets.
See Note 10 for further information regarding our relationship, agreements and transactions with Sonesta.
Wyndham agreements. Our management agreement with Wyndham for 22 hotels, or our Wyndham agreement, provides that, as of March 31, 2019, we are to be paid annual minimum returns of $27,873. Pursuant to our Wyndham agreement, Wyndham has provided us with a guaranty, which was limited to $35,656, subject to an annual payment limit of $17,828, and expires on July 28, 2020. This guaranty was depleted during 2017 and remained depleted as of March 31, 2019. This guaranty may be replenished from a share of future cash flows from these hotels in excess of our minimum returns. The Wyndham agreement provides that if the hotel cash flows available after payment of hotel operating expenses are less than the minimum returns due to us and if the guaranty is depleted, to avoid a default Wyndham is required to pay us the greater of the available hotel cash flows after payment of hotel operating expenses and 85% of the contractual amount due to us. We cannot be sure as to whether Wyndham will continue to pay at least the greater of available hotel cash flows after payment of hotel operating expenses and 85% of the minimum returns due to us or if Wyndham will default on its payments. During the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, we realized returns of $5,907 and $5,856, respectively, which represents 85% of the minimum returns due for the period, under this agreement.
Our Wyndham agreement requires FF&E escrow deposits equal to 5% of total hotel sales for all hotels included in the agreement subject to available cash flows after payment of our minimum return. No FF&E escrow deposits were made during the three months ended March 31, 2019.
We funded $1,022 for capital improvements to certain of the hotels included in our Wyndham agreement during the three months ended March 31, 2019, which resulted in increases in our contractual annual minimum returns of $82. We did not fund any capital improvements to the hotels included in our Wyndham agreement during the three months ended March 31, 2018.
We also lease 48 vacation units in one of our hotels to a subsidiary of Wyndham Destinations, Inc. (NYSE: WYND), or Destinations, which requires that, as of March 31, 2019, we are paid annual minimum rents of $1,493. The guaranty provided by Destinations with respect to the Destinations lease for part of one hotel is unlimited. We recognized the contractual rents of $454 during the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 under our Destinations lease agreement. Rental income for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 for this lease includes $80 and $91, respectively, of adjustments necessary to record rent on a straight line basis.
Hyatt agreement. Our management agreement with Hyatt for 22 hotels, or our Hyatt agreement, provides that, as of March 31, 2019, we are to be paid an annual minimum return of $22,037. We realized minimum returns of $5,509 during each of the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 under this agreement. Pursuant to our Hyatt agreement, Hyatt has provided us with a guaranty, which is limited to $50,000. During the three months ended March 31, 2019, the hotels under this agreement generated cash flows that were less than the minimum returns due to us for the period, and Hyatt made $430 of guaranty payments to cover the shortfall. The available balance of the guaranty was $21,485 as of March 31, 2019.
Radisson agreement. Our management agreement with Radisson for nine hotels, or our Radisson agreement, provides that, as of March 31, 2019, we are to be paid an annual minimum return of $19,769. We realized minimum returns of $4,831 and $3,230 during the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, under this agreement. Pursuant to our Radisson agreement, Radisson has provided us with a limited guaranty which, as a result of amounts funded by us during the three months ended March 31, 2019, as described below, was increased $849 to a total of $46,849. During the three months ended March 31, 2019, the hotels under this agreement generated cash flows that were less than the minimum returns due to us for the period, and Radisson made $2,646 of guaranty payments to cover the shortfall. The available balance of the guaranty was $39,913 as of March 31, 2019.

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HOSPITALITY PROPERTIES TRUST
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(dollars in thousands, except share data)
(Unaudited)



We funded $10,611 for capital improvements at certain of the hotels included in our Radisson agreement during the three months ended March 31, 2019, which resulted in increases in our contractual annual minimum returns of $849. We did not fund any capital improvements to the hotels included in our Radisson agreement during the three months ended March 31, 2018.
TA leases. On January 16, 2019, we entered agreements with TA, pursuant to which in January 2019:
We sold to TA 20 travel center properties, which TA previously leased from us, for a total purchase price of $308,200.
Upon completing these transactions, these travel center properties were removed from the TA leases.
Commencing on April 1, 2019, TA paid us the first of 16 quarterly installments of approximately $4,400 each (an aggregate of $70,458) to fully satisfy and discharge its $150,000 deferred rent obligation to us that otherwise would have become due in five installments between 2024 and 2030.
Commencing with the year ending December 31, 2020, TA will be obligated to pay to us an additional amount of percentage rent equal to one-half percent (0.5%) of the excess of its annual non-fuel revenues at leased sites over the non-fuel revenues for each respective site for the year ending December 31, 2019.
The term of each TA lease was extended by three years.
Certain of the 179 travel center properties that TA continues to lease from us were reallocated among the TA leases.
See Note 7 for further information regarding the effects of certain of our property dispositions on our leases with TA.
As of March 31, 2019, we leased to TA a total of 179 travel centers under five leases that expire between 2029 and 2035 and require annual minimum returns of $246,083.
We recognized rental income from TA of $63,075 and $74,193 for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. Rental income for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 includes $1,214 and $2,984, respectively, of adjustments to record the deferred rent obligations under our TA leases and the estimated future payments to us by TA for the cost of removing underground storage tanks on a straight line basis. As of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, we had receivables for current rent amounts owed to us by TA and straight line rent adjustments of $79,710 and $91,212, respectively. These amounts are included in due from related persons in our condensed consolidated balance sheets.
Our TA leases do not require FF&E escrow deposits. However, TA is required to maintain the leased travel centers, including structural and non-structural components.
Under our TA leases, TA may request that we fund capital improvements in return for increases in TA’s annual minimum rent equal to 8.5% of the amounts funded. We did not fund any capital improvements to our properties that we leased to TA during the three months ended March 31, 2019. We funded $13,137 for the three months ended March 31, 2018 of capital improvements to our properties that we leased to TA. As a result, TA’s annual minimum rent payable to us increased by $1,117.
In addition to the rental income that we recognized during the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 as described above, our TA leases require TA to pay us percentage rent based upon increases in certain sales. We determine percentage rent due under our TA leases annually and recognize any resulting amount as rental income when all contingencies are met. We had aggregate deferred percentage rent under our TA leases of $1,069 and $835 for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.
See Note 10 for further information regarding our relationship with TA.
Additional lease information (as lessor). As of March 31, 2019, our leases with parties other than our TRSs provide for contractual minimum rents to be paid to us during the remaining current terms as follows:

13

HOSPITALITY PROPERTIES TRUST
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(dollars in thousands, except share data)
(Unaudited)



 
 
2019
$
281,956

2020
273,098

2021
272,801

2022
271,222

2023
258,065

Thereafter
2,357,802

Total
$
3,714,944

Additional lease information (as lessee). As of January 1, 2019, 14 of our hotels and one of our travel centers were subject to ground leases where we are the lessee. In addition, our hotel operators enter various leases on our behalf in the normal course of business at our hotels, or our hotel operating leases. We calculated right of use assets and lease liabilities as the present value of the remaining lease payment obligations for our operating leases, which include the ground leases and hotel operating leases, over the remaining lease term using our estimated incremental borrowing rate. The right of use assets and related lease liabilities are included within other assets, net and accounts payable and other liabilities, respectively, in our condensed consolidated balance sheets.
At March 31, 2019, our right of use assets and related lease liabilities totaled $76,148, which represented our future obligations under our operating lease agreements. Our operating leases require minimum fixed rent payments, percentage rent payments based on a percentage of hotel revenues in excess of certain thresholds, or rent payments equal to the greater of a minimum fixed rent or percentage rent. For the three months ended March 31, 2019, $3,397 of rental expense related to our operating leases is included in hotel operating expenses within our condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income. As of March 31, 2019, our operating leases provide for contractual minimum rent payments to third parties during the remaining lease terms, as follows:
2019
$
7,165

2020
6,850

2021
6,127

2022
5,632

2023
5,614

Thereafter
159,731

Total lease payments
191,119

Less: imputed interest
(114,971
)
Present value of lease liabilities (1)
$
76,148

(1)
The weighted average discount rate used to calculate the lease liability and the weighted average remaining term for our ground leases (assuming all extension options) and our hotel operating leases are approximately 5.50% and 32 years (range of 12 to 69 years) and 5.63% and 29 years (range of 9 months to 55 years), respectively.
As of March 31, 2019, 14 of our travel centers are on land we leased partially or entirely from unrelated third parties. We are not required to record right of use assets and lease liabilities for these properties as we are not the primary obligor under the leases. The average remaining terms of the ground leases on these 14 travel centers was 12 years (range of one month to 32 years) with rents averaging $429 per year.
Generally, payments of ground lease obligations are made by our managers or tenants. However, if a manager or tenant did not perform obligations under a ground lease or did not renew any ground lease, we might have to perform obligations under the ground lease or renew the ground lease in order to protect our investment in the affected property.
Guarantees and security deposits generally. When we reduce the amounts of the security deposits we hold for any of our operating agreements for payment deficiencies, it does not result in additional cash flows to us of the deficiency amounts, but reduces the refunds due to the respective tenants or managers who have provided us with these security deposits upon expiration of the respective operating agreement. The security deposits are non-interest bearing and are not held in escrow.

14

HOSPITALITY PROPERTIES TRUST
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(dollars in thousands, except share data)
(Unaudited)



Under these agreements, any amount of the security deposits which are applied to payment deficits may be replenished from a share of future cash flows from the applicable hotel operations pursuant to the terms of the respective agreements.
Certain of our managed hotel portfolios had net operating results that were, in the aggregate, $42,839 and $27,586 less than the minimum returns due to us for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. When managers of these hotels are required to fund the shortfalls under the terms of our management agreements or their guarantees, we reflect such fundings (including security deposit applications) in our condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income as a reduction of hotel operating expenses. The reduction to hotel operating expenses was $22,465 and $10,851 for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. We had shortfalls at certain of our managed hotel portfolios not funded by the managers of these hotels under the terms of our management agreements of $20,676 and $17,769 for the three months ended March 31, 2019, and 2018, respectively, which represent the unguaranteed portions of our minimum returns from our Marriott No. 1, Sonesta and Wyndham agreements.
Certain of our managed hotel portfolios had net operating results that were, in the aggregate, $1,275 more than the minimum returns due to us for the three months ended March 31, 2018. The net operating results of our managed hotel portfolios did not exceed the minimum returns due to us for the three months ended March 31, 2019. Certain of our guarantees and our security deposits may be replenished by a share of future cash flows from the applicable hotel operations in excess of the minimum returns due to us pursuant to the terms of the respective agreements. When our guarantees and our security deposits are replenished by cash flows from hotel operations, we reflect such replenishments in our condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income as an increase to hotel operating expenses. We had $1,275 of guaranty and security deposit replenishments for the three months ended March 31, 2018. There were no replenishments for the three months ended March 31, 2019.
Note 9. Business and Property Management Agreements with RMR LLC
We have no employees. The personnel and various services we require to operate our business are provided to us by RMR LLC. We have two agreements with RMR LLC to provide management services to us: (1) a business management agreement, which relates to our business generally, and (2) a property management agreement, which relates to our property level operations of the office building component of one of our hotels.
Pursuant to our business management agreement, we recognized net business management fees of $9,727 and $9,724 for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. Based on our common share total return, as defined in our business management agreement, as of March 31, 2019, no incentive fees are included in the net business management fees we recognized for the three months ended March 31, 2019. The actual amount of annual incentive fees for 2019, if any, will be based on our common share total return, as defined in our business management agreement, for the three year period ending December 31, 2019, and will be payable in 2020. The net business management fees we recognized for the three months ended March 31, 2018 did not include any estimated incentive fees. In January 2019, we paid RMR LLC an incentive fee of $53,635 for 2018. We include business management fee amounts in general and administrative expenses in our condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income.
Pursuant to our property management agreement with RMR LLC, we recognized property management fees of $11 and $13 for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. These fees are payable in connection with the management of the office building component of one of our hotels. These amounts are included in hotel operating expenses in our condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income.
We are generally responsible for all our operating expenses, including certain expenses incurred or arranged by RMR LLC on our behalf. We are generally not responsible for payment of RMR LLC’s employment, office or administrative expenses incurred to provide management services to us, except for the employment and related expenses of RMR LLC employees assigned to work exclusively or partly at the office building component of one of our hotels, our share of the wages, benefits and other related costs of RMR LLC's centralized accounting personnel, our share of RMR LLC’s costs for providing our internal audit function, and as otherwise agreed. We reimbursed RMR LLC $200 and $135 for these expenses and costs for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. We included these amounts in hotel operating expenses and selling, general and administrative expenses, as applicable, in our condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income.

15

HOSPITALITY PROPERTIES TRUST
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(dollars in thousands, except share data)
(Unaudited)



Note 10. Related Person Transactions
We have relationships and historical and continuing transactions with TA, Sonesta, RMR LLC, The RMR Group Inc., or RMR Inc., AIC and others related to them, including other companies to which RMR LLC or its subsidiaries provide management services and some of which have trustees, directors or officers who are also our Trustees or officers.
TA. TA is our largest tenant and property operator, leasing 31% of our gross carrying value of real estate properties as of March 31, 2019. We lease all of our travel centers to TA under the TA leases. We are also TA’s largest shareholder; as of March 31, 2019, we owned 3,420,000 common shares of TA, representing approximately 8.5% of TA’s outstanding common shares. RMR LLC provides management services to both us and TA, and Adam D. Portnoy, one of our Managing Trustees, also serves as a managing director of TA and, as of March 31, 2019, beneficially owned through RMR LLC 1,492,691 common shares of TA, representing approximately 3.7% of TA's outstanding common shares. See Note 8 for further information regarding our relationships, agreements and transactions with TA and Note 13 for further information regarding our investment in TA.
Sonesta. Sonesta is a private company owned in part by Adam Portnoy, one of our Managing Trustees. Both our Managing Trustees and our Secretary are directors of Sonesta. As of March 31, 2019, Sonesta managed 51 of our hotels pursuant to management and pooling agreements. See Note 8 for further information regarding our relationships, agreements and transactions with Sonesta.
Our Manager, RMR LLC. We have two agreements with RMR LLC to provide management services to us. See Note 9 for further information regarding our management agreements with RMR LLC.
RMR Inc. RMR LLC is a majority owned subsidiary of RMR Inc. One of our Managing Trustees, Adam Portnoy, is the sole trustee of ABP Trust, is the controlling shareholder of RMR Inc., is a managing director and the president and chief executive officer of RMR Inc. and an officer and employee of RMR LLC. John G. Murray, our other Managing Trustee and our President and Chief Executive Officer, and each of our other officers is also an officer and employee of RMR LLC, including Ethan S. Bornstein, the brother-in-law of Adam Portnoy. As of March 31, 2019, we owned 2,503,777 shares of class A common stock of RMR Inc. See Note 13 for further information regarding our investment in RMR Inc.
AIC. We, ABP Trust, TA and four other companies to which RMR LLC provides management services currently own AIC, an Indiana insurance company, in equal amounts. We and the other AIC shareholders participate in a combined property insurance program arranged and reinsured in part by AIC.
As of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, our investment in AIC had a carrying value of $9,109 and $8,639, respectively. These amounts are included in other assets in our condensed consolidated balance sheets. We recognized income of $404 and $44 for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, related to our investment in AIC, which amounts are presented as equity in earnings of an investee in our condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income. Our other comprehensive income (loss) includes our proportionate part of unrealized gains and (losses) on securities that are owned by AIC related to our investment in AIC.
For further information about these and certain other such relationships and certain other related person transactions, refer to our 2018 Annual Report.
Note 11. Income Taxes
We have elected to be taxed as a real estate investment trust, or REIT, under the United States Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, or the IRC, and, as such, are generally not subject to federal and most state income taxation on our operating income provided we distribute our taxable income to our shareholders and meet certain organization and operating requirements. We are subject to income tax in Canada, Puerto Rico and certain states despite our qualification for taxation as a REIT. Further, we lease our managed hotels to our wholly owned TRSs that, unlike most of our subsidiaries, file a separate consolidated tax return and are subject to federal, state and foreign income taxes. Our consolidated income tax provision includes the income tax provision related to the operations of our TRSs and certain state and foreign income taxes incurred by us despite our qualification for taxation as a REIT.

16

HOSPITALITY PROPERTIES TRUST
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(dollars in thousands, except share data)
(Unaudited)



During the three months ended March 31, 2019, we recognized income tax expense of $1,059, which includes $315 of foreign taxes and $744 of state taxes. During the three months ended March 31, 2018, we recognized income tax expense of $471, which includes $129 of foreign taxes and $342 of state taxes.

17

HOSPITALITY PROPERTIES TRUST
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(dollars in thousands, except share data)
(Unaudited)



Note 12. Segment Information
We aggregate our hotels and travel centers into two reportable segments, hotel investments and travel center investments, based on their similar operating and economic characteristics.
 
 
For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2019
 
 
Hotels
 
Travel Centers
 
Corporate
 
Consolidated
Revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Hotel operating revenues 
 
$
455,385

 
$

 
$

 
$
455,385

Rental income
 
5,076

 
63,075

 

 
68,151

FF&E reserve income 
 
1,372

 

 

 
1,372

Total revenues
 
461,833

 
63,075

 

 
524,908

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Expenses:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Hotel operating expenses 
 
319,125

 

 

 
319,125

Depreciation and amortization 
 
66,583

 
32,782

 

 
99,365

General and administrative 
 

 

 
12,235

 
12,235

Total expenses 
 
385,708

 
32,782

 
12,235

 
430,725

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gain on sale of real estate
 

 
159,535

 

 
159,535

Dividend income
 

 

 
876

 
876

Unrealized gains on equity securities
 

 

 
20,977

 
20,977

Interest income 
 
434

 

 
203

 
637

Interest expense 
 

 

 
(49,766
)
 
(49,766
)
Income before income taxes and equity in earnings of an investee
 
76,559

 
189,828

 
(39,945
)
 
226,442

Income tax expense
 

 

 
(1,059
)
 
(1,059
)
Equity in earnings of an investee 
 

 

 
404

 
404

Net income
 
$
76,559

 
$
189,828

 
$
(40,600
)
 
$
225,787

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
As of March 31, 2019
 
 
Hotels
 
Travel Centers
 
Corporate
 
Consolidated
Total assets 
 
$
4,815,816

 
$
2,229,038

 
$
210,950

 
$
7,255,804

 
 
For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2018
 
 
Hotels
 
Travel Centers
 
Corporate
 
Consolidated
Revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Hotel operating revenues 
 
$
445,276

 
$

 
$

 
$
445,276

Rental income
 
7,800

 
74,193

 

 
81,993

FF&E reserve income 
 
1,364

 

 

 
1,364

Total revenues 
 
454,440

 
74,193

 

 
528,633

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Expenses:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Hotel operating expenses 
 
314,982

 

 

 
314,982

Depreciation and amortization 
 
62,446

 
37,171

 

 
99,617

General and administrative 
 

 

 
11,734

 
11,734

Total expenses 
 
377,428

 
37,171

 
11,734

 
426,333

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Dividend income
 

 

 
626

 
626

Unrealized gains and losses on equity securities, net
 

 

 
24,955

 
24,955

Interest income 
 

 

 
292

 
292

Interest expense 
 

 

 
(47,540
)
 
(47,540
)
Income (loss) before income taxes and equity in earnings of an investee
 
77,012

 
37,022

 
(33,401
)
 
80,633

Income tax expense
 

 

 
(471
)
 
(471
)
Equity in earnings of an investee 
 

 

 
44

 
44

Net income (loss) 
 
$
77,012

 
$
37,022

 
$
(33,828
)
 
$
80,206

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
As of December 31, 2018
 
 
Hotels
 
Travel Centers
 
Corporate
 
Consolidated
Total assets 
 
$
4,586,709

 
$
2,398,118

 
$
192,252

 
$
7,177,079


18

HOSPITALITY PROPERTIES TRUST
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(dollars in thousands, except share data)
(Unaudited)



Note 13. Fair Value of Assets and Liabilities
The table below presents certain of our assets carried at fair value at March 31, 2019, categorized by the level of inputs, as defined in the fair value hierarchy under GAAP, used in the valuation of each asset.
 
 
 

 
Fair Value at Reporting Date Using
 
 
 
 
Quoted Prices in
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Active Markets for
 
Significant Other
 
Significant
 
 
Carrying Value at
 
Identical Assets
 
Observable Inputs
 
Unobservable Inputs
Description
 
March 31, 2019
 
(Level 1)
 
(Level 2)
 
(Level 3)
Recurring Fair Value Measurement Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Investment in TA (1)
 
$
14,056

 
$
14,056

 
$

 
$

Investment in RMR Inc.(2)
 
$
152,680

 
$
152,680

 
$

 
$

(1)
Our 3,420,000 common shares of TA, which are included in other assets in our condensed consolidated balance sheets, are reported at fair value which is based on quoted market prices (Level 1 inputs). Our historical cost basis for these shares is $17,407 as of March 31, 2019. During the three months ended March 31, 2019, we recorded unrealized gains of $1,197 to adjust the carrying value of our investment in TA shares to their fair value as of March 31, 2019.
(2)
Our 2,503,777 shares of class A common stock of RMR Inc., which are included in other assets in our condensed consolidated balance sheets, are reported at fair value which is based on quoted market prices (Level 1 inputs). Our historical cost basis for these shares is $66,374 as of March 31, 2019. During the three months ended March 31, 2019, we recorded unrealized gains of $19,780 to adjust the carrying value of our investment in RMR Inc. shares to their fair value as of March 31, 2019.
In addition to the investment securities included in the table above, our financial instruments include our cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, rents receivable, revolving credit facility, term loan, senior notes and security deposits. At March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, the fair values of these additional financial instruments approximated their carrying values in our condensed consolidated balance sheets due to their short term nature or floating interest rates, except as follows:
 
 
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
 
 
Carrying
 
Fair
 
Carrying
 
Fair
 
 
Value (1)
 
Value
 
Value (1)
 
Value
Senior Unsecured Notes, due 2021 at 4.25%
 
$
397,299

 
$
402,648

 
$
396,938

 
$
404,582

Senior Unsecured Notes, due 2022 at 5.00%
 
495,912

 
517,915

 
495,609

 
510,658

Senior Unsecured Notes, due 2023 at 4.50%
 
499,309

 
511,155

 
499,268

 
503,295

Senior Unsecured Notes, due 2024 at 4.65%
 
347,991

 
357,231

 
347,890

 
349,741

Senior Unsecured Notes, due 2025 at 4.50%
 
345,915

 
354,552

 
345,743

 
341,114

Senior Unsecured Notes, due 2026 at 5.25%
 
342,237

 
358,311

 
341,955

 
354,060

Senior Unsecured Notes, due 2027 at 4.95%
 
394,082

 
399,208

 
393,893

 
391,660

Senior Unsecured Notes, due 2028 at 3.95%
 
389,897

 
368,594

 
389,610

 
361,232

Senior Unsecured Notes, due 2030 at 4.375%
 
387,672

 
370,522

 
387,389

 
367,110

Total financial liabilities
 
$
3,600,314

 
$
3,640,136

 
$
3,598,295

 
$
3,583,452

(1)
Carrying value includes unamortized discounts and premiums and issuance costs.
At March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, we estimated the fair values of our senior notes using an average of the bid and ask price of our then outstanding issuances of senior notes (Level 2 inputs).

19


Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
The following discussion should be read in conjunction with our condensed consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and with our 2018 Annual Report.
Overview (dollar amounts in thousands, except share amounts)
We are a REIT organized under the laws of the State of Maryland.
Management agreements and leases. At March 31, 2019, we owned 327 hotels operated under eight agreements; 325 of these hotels are leased by us to our wholly owned TRSs and managed by hotel operating companies and two are leased to hotel operating companies. At March 31, 2019, our 179 owned travel centers were leased to TA under five agreements. Our condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income include operating revenues and expenses of our managed hotels and rental income from our leased hotels and travel centers.
Many of our operating agreements contain security features, such as guarantees and security deposits, which are intended to protect minimum returns and rents due to us in accordance with our agreements regardless of property performance. However, the effectiveness of various security features to provide us uninterrupted receipt of minimum returns and rents is not assured, especially if economic conditions generally decline for a prolonged period. Also, certain of the guarantees that we hold are limited in amount and duration and do not provide for payment of the entire amount of the applicable minimum returns. If our tenants, managers or guarantors do not earn or pay the minimum returns and rents due to us, our cash flows will decline and we may be unable to repay our debt, fund our debt service obligations, pay distributions to our shareholders or the amounts of our distributions may decline.
Hotel operations. During the three months ended March 31, 2019, the U.S. hotel industry generally realized increases in average daily rate, or ADR, revenue per available room, or RevPAR, and occupancy compared to the same period in 2018. During the three months ended March 31, 2019, our 323 comparable hotels that we owned continuously since January 1, 2018 produced an aggregate year over year increase in ADR below the industry generally and declines in occupancy and RevPAR. We believe these results are, in part, due to the disruption and displacement at certain of our hotels undergoing renovations, increased competition from new hotel room supply in certain markets and decreased business activity in areas where some of our hotels are located.
For the three months ended March 31, 2019 compared to the same period in 2018 for our 323 comparable hotels that we have owned continuously since January 1, 2018: ADR increased 1.0% to $129.11; occupancy decreased 2.9 percentage points to 67.4%; and RevPAR decreased 3.2% to $87.02.
For the three months ended March 31, 2019 compared to the same period in 2018 for all our 327 hotels: ADR increased 0.9% to $130.03; occupancy decreased 2.8 percentage points to 67.5%; and RevPAR decreased 3.1% to $87.77.
Additional details of our hotel operating agreements and agreements with TA are set forth in Notes 8 and 10 to our condensed consolidated financial statements in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and in the table and notes thereto on pages 27 through 29 below.

20


Results of Operations (dollar amounts in thousands, except share amounts)
Three Months Ended March 31, 2019 Compared to the Three Months Ended March 31, 2018
 
 
For the Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
 
 
 
 
Increase
 
% Increase
 
 
2019
 
2018
 
(Decrease)
 
(Decrease)
Revenues:
 
 

 
 

 
 
 
 

Hotel operating revenues
 
$
455,385

 
$
445,276

 
$
10,109

 
2.3
 %
Rental income - hotels
 
5,076

 
7,800

 
(2,724
)
 
(34.9
)%
Rental income - travel centers
 
63,075

 
74,193

 
(11,118
)
 
(15.0
)%
Total rental income
 
68,151

 
81,993

 
(13,842
)
 
(16.9
)%
FF&E reserve income
 
1,372

 
1,364

 
8

 
0.6
 %
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Expenses:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Hotel operating expenses
 
319,125

 
314,982

 
4,143

 
1.3
 %
Depreciation and amortization - hotels
 
66,583

 
62,446

 
4,137

 
6.6
 %
Depreciation and amortization - travel centers
 
32,782

 
37,171

 
(4,389
)
 
(11.8
)%
Total depreciation and amortization
 
99,365

 
99,617

 
(252
)
 
(0.3
)%
General and administrative
 
12,235

 
11,734

 
501

 
4.3
 %
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gain on sale of real estate
 
159,535

 

 
159,535

 
n/m

Dividend income
 
876

 
626

 
250

 
39.9
 %
Unrealized gains and losses on equity securities, net
 
20,977

 
24,955

 
(3,978
)
 
(15.9
)%
Interest income
 
637

 
292

 
345

 
118.2
 %
Interest expense
 
(49,766
)
 
(47,540
)
 
(2,226
)
 
4.7
 %
Income before income taxes and equity earnings of an investee
 
226,442

 
80,633

 
145,809

 
180.8
 %
Income tax expense
 
(1,059
)
 
(471
)
 
(588
)
 
124.8
 %
Equity in earnings of an investee
 
404

 
44

 
360

 
818.2
 %
Net income
 
$
225,787

 
$
80,206

 
$
145,581

 
181.5
 %
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average shares outstanding (basic)
 
164,278

 
164,199

 
79

 
n/m

Weighted average shares outstanding (diluted)
 
164,322

 
164,219

 
103

 
0.1
 %
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income per common share (basic and diluted)
 
$
1.37

 
$
0.49

 
$
0.88

 
179.6
 %
References to changes in the income and expense categories below relate to the comparison of consolidated results for the three months ended March 31, 2019, compared to the three months ended March 31, 2018.
Hotel operating revenues. The increase in hotel operating revenues is a result of increased revenues at certain of our managed hotels due to increases in ADR and higher occupancies ($17,138), our hotel acquisitions since January 1, 2018 ($12,302) and the conversion of one hotel from a leased to managed property during the 2018 period ($12,181), partially offset by decreased revenues at certain of our managed hotels undergoing renovations during all or part of the 2019 period resulting primarily from lower occupancies ($16,113) and decreased revenues at certain of our managed hotels primarily as a result of lower occupancies ($15,399). Additional operating statistics of our hotels are included in the table on page 30.
Rental income - hotels. The decrease in rental income - hotels is primarily the result of the conversion of one hotel from a leased to managed property during the 2018 period ($2,035) and a previously deferred gain becoming fully amortized in 2018 ($738), partially offset by contractual rent increases under certain of our hotel leases ($49). Rental income - hotels for the 2019 and 2018 periods includes $82 and $95, respectively, of adjustments to record rent on a straight line basis.
Rental income - travel centers. The decrease in rental income - travel centers is a result of the sale of 20 travel centers to TA and our lease amendments with TA in January 2019 ($12,250), partially offset by increases in the minimum rents due to us for improvements we purchased at certain of our travel centers since January 1, 2018 ($1,132). See Notes 7 and 8 to the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements included in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for more information regarding these transactions. Rental income - travel centers for the 2019 and 2018 periods includes $1,214 and

21


$2,984, respectively, of adjustments necessary to record scheduled rent increases under our TA leases, the deferred rent obligations payable to us under our TA leases and the estimated future payments to us under our TA leases for the cost of removing underground storage tanks on a straight line basis.
FF&E reserve income. FF&E reserve income represents amounts paid by certain of our hotel tenants into restricted accounts owned by us to accumulate funds for future capital expenditures. The terms of our hotel leases require these amounts to be calculated as a percentage of total sales at our hotels. We do not report the amounts, if any, which are escrowed as FF&E reserves for our managed hotels as FF&E reserve income. The increase in FF&E reserve income is the result of increased sales at certain of our leased hotels in the 2019 period.
Hotel operating expenses. The increase in hotel operating expenses is a result of the conversion of one hotel from a leased to managed property during the 2018 period ($9,533), our hotel acquisitions since January 1, 2018 ($9,385), an increase in wage and benefit costs, sales and marketing expenses and other operating costs at certain of our managed hotels resulting primarily from higher occupancies and general price increases ($1,666) and an increase in real estate taxes at certain of our hotels ($1,239), partially offset by an increase in the amount of guaranty and security deposit utilization under certain of our hotel management agreements ($11,614), operating expense decreases at certain managed hotels undergoing renovations during all or part of the 2019 period resulting primarily from lower occupancies ($4,791) and a decrease in the amount of guaranty and security deposit replenishment under certain of our hotel management agreements ($1,275). Certain guarantees and security deposits which have been applied to past payment deficits may be replenished from a share of subsequent cash flows from the applicable hotel operations pursuant to the terms of the respective operating agreements. When our guarantees and our security deposits are replenished by cash flows from hotel operations, we reflect such replenishments in our condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income as an increase to hotel operating expenses. Hotel operating expenses were increased by $1,275 during the three months ended March 31, 2018 as a result of such replenishments. There were no replenishments during the three months ended March 31, 2019. When our guarantees and security deposits are utilized to cover shortfalls of hotels' cash flows from the minimum payments due to us, we reflect such utilizations in our condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income as a decrease to hotel operating expenses. Hotel operating expenses were decreased by $22,465 and $10,851 during the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, as a result of such utilization.
Depreciation and amortization - hotels. The increase in depreciation and amortization - hotels is a result of the depreciation and amortization of improvements acquired with funds from our FF&E reserves or directly funded by us since January 1, 2018 ($6,918) and our hotel acquisitions since January 1, 2018 ($1,339), partially offset by certain of our depreciable assets becoming fully depreciated since January 1, 2018 ($4,120).
Depreciation and amortization - travel centers. The decrease in depreciation and amortization - travel centers is a result of our travel center dispositions since January 1, 2018 ($3,061) and certain of our depreciable assets becoming fully depreciated since January 1, 2018 ($1,483), partially offset by the depreciation and amortization of travel center improvements we purchased since January 1, 2018 ($155).
General and administrative. The increase in general and administrative costs is primarily due to an increase in stock compensation expense.
Gain on sale of real estate. We recorded a $159,535 gain on sale of real estate in the 2019 period in connection with the sales of 20 travel centers.
Dividend income. Dividend income represents the dividends we received from our investment in RMR Inc.
Unrealized gains and losses on equity securities, net. Unrealized gains and losses on equity securities, net represent the adjustment required to adjust the carrying value of our investments in RMR Inc. and TA common shares to their fair value as of March 31, 2019.
Interest income. The increase in interest income is due to higher average cash balances during the 2019 period.
Interest expense. The increase in interest expense is due to higher average outstanding borrowings and weighted average interest rate in the 2019 period.
Income tax expense. We recognized higher income taxes during the 2019 period primarily due to an increase in the amount of state and foreign sourced income subject to income taxes.
Equity in earnings of an investee. Equity in earnings of an investee represents our proportionate share of the earnings of AIC.

22


Net income. Our net income and net income per common share (basic and diluted) each increased in the 2019 period compared to the 2018 period primarily due to the revenue and expense changes discussed above.
Liquidity and Capital Resources (dollar amounts in thousands, except share amounts)
Our Managers and Tenants
As of March 31, 2019, 326 of our hotels (including one leased hotel) were included in seven combination portfolio agreements and one of our hotels was leased and not included in a portfolio; and all 327 hotels were managed by or leased to hotel operating companies. Our 179 travel centers are leased under five portfolio agreements. All costs of operating and maintaining our properties are paid by the hotel managers as agents for us or by our tenants for their own account. Our hotel managers and tenants derive their funding for property operating expenses and for returns and rents due to us generally from property operating revenues and, to the extent that these parties themselves fund our minimum returns and rents, from their separate resources. Our hotel managers and tenants include Marriott, IHG, Sonesta, Wyndham, Hyatt and Radisson. Our travel centers are leased to TA.
We define coverage for each of our hotel management agreements or leases as total property level revenues minus all property level expenses and FF&E reserve escrows which are not subordinated to the minimum returns or rents due to us divided by the minimum returns or rents due to us. More detail regarding coverage, guarantees and other features of our hotel operating agreements is presented in the tables and related notes on pages 27 through 29. For the twelve months ended March 31, 2019, three of our eight hotel operating agreements, representing 21% of our total annual minimum returns and minimum rents, generated coverage of less than 1.0x (with a range from 0.61x to 0.97x).
We define coverage for our travel center leases as property level revenues minus all property level expenses divided by the minimum rents due to us, excluding payments of previously deferred rents. For the twelve months ended March 31, 2019, the operating results from our 179 properties in our five travel center leases generated combined coverage of 1.83x. Because a large percentage of TA’s business is conducted at properties leased from us, property level rent coverage may not be an appropriate way to evaluate TA’s ability to pay rents due to us. We believe property level rent coverage is nonetheless one useful indicator of the performance and value of our properties as we believe it is what an operator interested to acquire these properties or the leaseholds might use to evaluate the contribution of these properties to their earnings before corporate level expenses.
Three hundred eighty (380) of our properties, representing 73% of our aggregate annual minimum returns and rents as of March 31, 2019, are operated under 10 management arrangements or leases which are subject to full or limited guarantees or are secured by a security deposit which we control. These guarantees may provide us with continued payments if the property level cash flows fail to equal or exceed guaranteed amounts due to us. Some of our managers and tenants, or their affiliates, may also supplement cash flows from our properties in order to make payments to us and preserve their rights to continue operating our properties even if they are not required to do so by guarantees or security deposits. Guarantee payments, security deposit applications or supplemental payments to us, if any, made under any of our management agreements or leases do not subject us to repayment obligations, but, under some of our agreements, the manager or tenant may recover these guarantee or supplemental payments and the security deposits may be replenished from subsequent cash flows from our properties after our future minimum returns and rents are paid.
When cash flows from our hotels under certain of our agreements are less than the minimum returns or rents contractually due to us, we have utilized the applicable security features in our agreements to cover some of these shortfalls. However, several of the guarantees and all the security deposits we hold are for limited amounts, are for limited durations and may be exhausted or expire, especially if our hotel renovation and rebranding activities do not result in improved operating results at these hotels. Accordingly, the effectiveness of our various security features to provide uninterrupted payments to us is not assured. If any of our hotel managers, tenants or guarantors default in their payment obligations to us, our cash flows will decline and we may become unable to continue to pay distributions to our shareholders or the amount of the distributions may decline. In particular, Wyndham's guarantee of the minimum returns due from our hotels which are managed by Wyndham was depleted during 2017 and remained depleted as of March 31, 2019. The Wyndham agreement provides that if the hotel cash flows available after payment of hotel operating expenses are less than the minimum returns due to us and the guaranty has been depleted, to avoid default Wyndham is required to pay us the greater of the available hotel cash flows after payment of hotel operating expenses and 85% of the contractual amount due. During the three months ended March 31, 2019, Wyndham paid 85% of the minimum returns due under the management agreement, which payments were an aggregate of $1,042 less than the minimum returns due for that period. We cannot be sure as to whether Wyndham will continue to pay at least the greater of available hotel cash flows after payment of hotel operating expenses and 85% of the minimum returns due to us or if Wyndham will default on its payments.

23


Marriott has notified us that they will not renew the lease for the Kauai Marriott under our Marriott No. 5 agreement, which expires December 31, 2019. We are in negotiations with Marriott regarding this hotel, but we can provide no assurance that we and Marriott will reach an agreement regarding the Kauai Marriott or what its terms may be. If we and Marriott are unable to reach an agreement, we will evaluate alternatives for this hotel, which may include rebranding or selling it.
Our Operating Liquidity and Capital Resources
Our principal sources of funds to meet operating and capital expenses, debt service obligations and distributions to our shareholders are minimum returns from our managed hotels, minimum rents from our leased hotels and travel centers and borrowings under our revolving credit facility. We receive minimum returns and rents from our managers and tenants monthly. We may receive additional returns, percentage rents and our share of the operating profits of our managed hotels after payment of management fees and other deductions, if any, either monthly or quarterly, and these amounts are usually subject to annual reconciliations. We believe that these sources of funds will be sufficient to meet our operating and capital expenses, pay debt service obligations and make distributions to our shareholders for the next twelve months and for the foreseeable future thereafter. However, as a result of economic conditions or otherwise, our managers and tenants may become unable or unwilling to pay minimum returns and rents to us when due, and, as a result, our cash flows and net income would decline and we may need to reduce the amount of, or even eliminate, our distributions to common shareholders.
Changes in our cash flows for the three months ended March 31, 2019 compared to the same period in 2018 were as follows: (1) cash flows provided by operating activities decreased from $49,685 in 2018 to $43,865 in 2019; (2) cash flows from investing activities changed from $59,709 of cash used in investing activities in 2018 to $102,090 of cash provided by investing activities in 2019; and (3) cash flows used in financing activities increased from $11,107 in 2018 to $123,154 in 2019.
The decrease in cash flows provided by operating activities for the three months ended March 31, 2019 as compared to the prior year period is due primarily to a decrease in minimum rents paid to us in the 2019 period under our travel center leases, higher interest payments in the 2019 period and an increase in security deposit utilization in the 2019 period, partially offset by a decrease in incentive business management fees paid to RMR LLC in the 2019 period with respect to 2018 and an increase in the minimum returns and rents paid to us in the 2019 period due to our acquisitions and funding of improvements to our hotels since January 1, 2018. The change from cash flows used in investing activities in the 2018 period to cash provided by investing activities in the 2019 period is primarily due to the proceeds received from our sale of 20 travel centers in the 2019 period and a decrease in our capital improvement fundings in the 2019 period, partially offset by an increase in real estate acquisition activity in the 2019 period. The increase in cash used in financing activities for the three months ended March 31, 2019 as compared to the prior year period is primarily due to the issuance of notes in the 2018 period, partially offset by lower net repayments in the 2019 period under our revolving credit facility compared to the 2018 period.
We maintain our qualification for taxation as a REIT under the IRC by meeting certain requirements. As a REIT, we do not expect to pay federal income taxes on the majority of our income; however, the income realized by our TRSs in excess of the rent they pay to us is subject to U.S. federal income tax at corporate tax rates. In addition, the income we receive from our hotels in Canada and Puerto Rico is subject to taxes in those jurisdictions and we are subject to taxes in certain states where we have properties despite our qualification for taxation as a REIT.
Our Investment and Financing Liquidity and Capital Resources
Various percentages of total sales at some of our hotels are escrowed as FF&E reserves to fund future capital improvements. During the three months ended March 31, 2019, our hotel managers and tenants deposited $11,335 to these accounts and spent $46,361 from the FF&E reserve escrow accounts to renovate and refurbish our hotels. As of March 31, 2019, there was $48,215 on deposit in these escrow accounts, which was held directly by us and is reflected in our condensed consolidated balance sheets as restricted cash.
Our hotel operating agreements generally provide that, if necessary, we may provide our managers and tenants with funding for capital improvements to our hotels in excess of amounts otherwise available in escrowed FF&E reserves or when no FF&E reserves are available. To the extent we make such additional fundings, our annual minimum returns or rents generally increase by a percentage of the amount we fund. During the three months ended March 31, 2019, we funded $44,693 for capital improvements in excess of FF&E reserve fundings available from hotel operations to our hotels as follows:
During the three months ended March 31, 2019, we funded $13,593 for capital improvements to certain hotels under our Marriott No. 1 agreement using cash on hand and borrowings under our revolving credit facility. We currently expect to fund approximately $3,400 for capital improvements under this agreement during the last nine months of

24


2019 using cash on hand or borrowings under our revolving credit facility. As we fund these improvements, the contractual minimum returns payable to us increase.
During the three months ended March 31, 2019, we funded $9,000 for capital improvements to certain hotels under our Marriott No. 234 agreement using cash on hand and borrowings under our revolving credit facility. We currently expect to fund approximately $36,000 for capital improvements under this agreement during the last nine months of 2019 using cash on hand or borrowings under our revolving credit facility. As we fund these improvements, the contractual minimum returns payable to us increase.
We did not fund any capital improvements to hotels under our IHG agreement during the three months ended March 31, 2019. We currently expect to fund approximately $64,900 during the last nine months of 2019 for capital improvements under this agreement using cash on hand or borrowings under our revolving credit facility. As we fund these improvements, the contractual minimum returns payable to us increase.
Our Sonesta agreement does not require FF&E escrow deposits. Under our Sonesta agreement, we are required to fund capital expenditures made at our hotels. During the three months ended March 31, 2019, we funded $10,467 for capital improvements to certain hotels included in our Sonesta agreement using cash on hand and borrowings under our revolving credit facility. We currently expect to fund approximately $84,500 during the last nine months of 2019 and $42,500 during 2020 for capital improvements under this agreement using cash on hand or borrowings under our revolving credit facility. As we fund these improvements, the contractual minimum returns payable to us increase to the extent amounts funded exceed threshold amounts, as defined in our Sonesta agreement.
Our Wyndham agreement requires FF&E escrow deposits only if there are excess cash flows after payment of our minimum returns. No FF&E escrow deposits were required during the three months ended March 31, 2019. During the three months ended March 31, 2019, we funded $1,022 for capital improvements to certain hotels included in our Wyndham agreement using cash on hand and borrowings under our revolving credit facility. We currently expect to fund approximately $3,000 for capital improvements under this agreement during the last nine months of 2019 using cash on hand or borrowings under our revolving credit facility. As we fund these improvements, the contractual minimum returns payable to us increase.
During the three months ended March 31, 2019, we funded $10,611 for capital improvements to certain hotels under our Radisson agreement using cash on hand and borrowings under our revolving credit facility. We currently expect to fund approximately $12,400 during the last nine months of 2019 and $5,000 during 2020 for capital improvements under this agreement using cash on hand or borrowings under our revolving credit facility. As we fund these improvements, the contractual minimum returns payable to us will increase.
Our travel center leases with TA do not require FF&E escrow deposits. However, TA is required to maintain the leased travel centers, including structural and non-structural components. Under all of our TA leases, TA may request that we purchase qualifying capital improvements to the leased facilities in return for minimum rent increases. We did not fund any capital improvements to properties under these lease provisions during the three months ended March 31, 2019 and currently do not expect TA to request we fund any capital improvements during the remainder of 2019. TA is not obligated to request and we are not obligated to purchase any such improvements.
In January 2019, in a series of transactions, we sold 20 travel centers in 15 states to TA for $308,200. We used a portion of the proceeds from these sales to repay borrowings under our revolving credit facility and for general business purposes, including hotel acquisitions.
On February 21, 2019, we paid a regular quarterly distribution to our common shareholders of record on January 28, 2019 of $0.53 per share, or $87,154. We funded this distribution using cash on hand and borrowings under our revolving credit facility. On April 18, 2019, we declared a regular quarterly distribution to common shareholders of record on April 29, 2019 of $0.54 per share, or $88,798. We expect to pay this amount on or about May 16, 2019 using cash on hand and borrowings under our revolving credit facility.
On February 22, 2019, we acquired the 335 room Hotel Palomar in Washington, D.C. for a purchase price of $141,450, excluding capitalized acquisition costs of $2,292, using proceeds from our sale of the travel centers described above.
As of March 31, 2019, our restricted cash balances include $26,914 of the proceeds from our sale of the travel centers described above for the purpose of facilitating a tax deferred like-kind exchange pursuant to Section 1031 of the IRC. On May 7, 2019, we acquired the 198 room Crowne Plaza Milwaukee West hotel in Milwaukee, WI for a purchase price of $30,000, excluding acquisition related costs, using the escrowed proceeds and cash on hand.

25


In order to fund acquisitions and to meet cash needs that may result from our desire or need to make distributions or pay operating or capital expenses, we maintain a $1,000,000 revolving credit facility and $400,000 term loan which are governed by a credit agreement with a syndicate of institutional lenders. The maturity date of our revolving credit facility is July 15, 2022, and, subject to the payment of an extension fee and meeting certain other conditions, we have an option to extend the maturity date of this facility for two additional six month periods. We are required to pay interest at the rate of LIBOR plus a premium, which was 100 basis points per annum at March 31, 2019, on the amount outstanding under our revolving credit facility. We also pay a facility fee on the total amount of lending commitments under our revolving credit facility, which was 20 basis points per annum at March 31, 2019. Both the interest rate premium and the facility fee are subject to adjustment based upon changes to our credit ratings. We can borrow, repay and reborrow funds available under our revolving credit facility until maturity, and no principal repayment is due until maturity. As of March 31, 2019, the annual interest rate payable on borrowings under our revolving credit facility was 3.41%. As of March 31, 2019 and May 9, 2019, we had $141,000 and $96,000, respectively, outstanding and $859,000 and $904,000, respectively, available to borrow under our revolving credit facility.
Our term loan, which matures on July 15, 2023, is prepayable without penalty at any time. We are required to pay interest on the amount outstanding under our term loan at the rate of LIBOR plus a premium, which was 110 basis points per annum at March 31, 2019. The interest rate premium is subject to adjustment based upon changes to our credit ratings. As of March 31, 2019, the annual interest rate for the amount outstanding under our term loan was 3.59%.
Our credit agreement also includes a feature under which the maximum borrowing availability may be increased to up to $2,300,000 on a combined basis in certain circumstances.
Our term debt maturities (other than our revolving credit facility and term loan) as of March 31, 2019 were as follows: $400,000 in 2021, $500,000 in 2022, $500,000 in 2023, $350,000 in 2024, $350,000 in 2025, $350,000 in 2026, $400,000 in 2027, $400,000 in 2028 and $400,000 in 2030.
None of our unsecured debt obligations require principal or sinking fund payments prior to their maturity dates.
We currently expect to use cash on hand, the cash flows from our operations, borrowings under our revolving credit facility, net proceeds from any asset sales and net proceeds of offerings of equity or debt securities to fund our future debt maturities, operations, capital expenditures, distributions to our shareholders, property acquisitions and other general business purposes.
When significant amounts are outstanding for an extended period of time under our revolving credit facility, or the maturities of our indebtedness approach, we currently expect to explore refinancing alternatives. Such alternatives may include incurring additional debt, issuing new equity securities and the sale of properties. We have an effective shelf registration statement that allows us to issue public securities on an expedited basis, but it does not assure that there will be buyers for such securities. We may also seek to participate in joint ventures or other arrangements that may provide us additional sources of financing. Although we have not historically done so, we may also assume mortgage debt on properties we may acquire or obtain mortgage financing on our existing properties.
While we believe we will have access to various types of financings, including debt or equity, to fund our future acquisitions and to pay our debts and other obligations, we cannot be sure that we will be able to complete any debt or equity offerings or other types of financings or that our cost of any future public or private financings will not increase.
Our ability to complete, and the costs associated with, future debt transactions depends primarily upon credit market conditions and our then creditworthiness. We have no control over market conditions. Our credit ratings depend upon evaluations by credit rating agencies of our business practices and plans, including our ability to maintain our earnings, to stagger our debt maturities and to balance our use of debt and equity capital so that our financial performance and leverage ratios afford us flexibility to withstand any reasonably anticipated adverse changes. Similarly, our ability to raise equity capital in the future will depend primarily upon equity capital market conditions and our ability to conduct our business to maintain and grow our operating cash flows. We intend to conduct our business activities in a manner which will afford us reasonable access to capital for investment and financing activities, but we cannot be sure that we will be able to successfully carry out that intention.
Off Balance Sheet Arrangements
As of March 31, 2019, we had no off balance sheet arrangements that have had or that we expect would be reasonably likely to have a material effect on our financial condition, changes in financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources.

26


Debt Covenants
Our debt obligations at March 31, 2019 consisted of outstanding borrowings under our $1,000,000 revolving credit facility, our $400,000 term loan and $3,650,000 of publicly issued term debt. Our publicly issued term debt is governed by our indentures and related supplements. These indentures and related supplements and our credit agreement contain covenants that generally restrict our ability to incur debts, including debts secured by mortgages on our properties, in excess of calculated amounts, and require us to maintain various financial ratios and our credit agreement restricts our ability to make distributions under certain circumstances. Our credit agreement and our unsecured senior notes indentures and their supplements provide for acceleration of payment of all amounts outstanding upon the occurrence and continuation of certain events of default, such as, in the case of our credit agreement, a change of control of us, which includes RMR LLC ceasing to act as our business manager. As of March 31, 2019, we believe we were in compliance with all of the covenants under our indentures and their supplements and our credit agreement.
Neither our indentures and their supplements nor our credit agreement contain provisions for acceleration which could be triggered by a change in our debt ratings. However, under our credit agreement, our highest senior debt rating is used to determine the fees and interest rates we pay. Accordingly, if that debt rating is downgraded, our interest expense and related costs under our revolving credit facility and term loan would increase.
Our public debt indentures and their supplements contain cross default provisions to any other debt of $20,000 or more ($50,000 or more in the case of our indenture entered into in February 2016 and its supplements). Similarly, our credit agreement has cross default provisions to other indebtedness that is recourse of $25,000 or more and indebtedness that is non-recourse of $75,000 or more.

27


Management Agreements, Leases and Operating Statistics (dollar amounts in thousands)
As of March 31, 2019, 326 of our hotels (including one leased hotel) were included in seven portfolio agreements and one hotel was not included in a portfolio and was leased. As of March 31, 2019, our hotels were managed by or leased to separate affiliates of Marriott, IHG, Sonesta, Wyndham, Hyatt and Radisson under eight agreements. Our 179 travel centers are leased to and operated by TA under five portfolio agreements.
The table and related notes below through page 30 summarize significant terms of our leases and management agreements as of March 31, 2019. These tables also include statistics reported to us or derived from information reported to us by our managers and tenants. These statistics include coverage of our minimum returns or minimum rents and occupancy, ADR and RevPAR for our hotel properties. We consider these statistics and the management agreement or lease security features also presented in the tables and related notes on the following pages to be important measures of our managers’ and tenants’ success in operating our properties and their ability to continue to pay us. However, this third party reported information is not a direct measure of our financial performance and we have not independently verified the operating data.
 
 
 
 
Number of
 
 
 
 
 
Rent / Return Coverage (3)
 
 
 
 
Rooms or
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months
 
Twelve Months
 
 
 
 
Suites (Hotels) /
 
 
 
Annual
 
Ended
 
Ended
Operating Agreement
 
Number of
 
Land Acreage
 
 
 
Minimum
 
March 31,
 
March 31,
Reference Name
 
Properties
 
(Travel Centers)
 
Investment (1)
 
Return/Rent (2)
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
Marriott (No. 1) (4)
 
53

 
7,609

 
$
719,901

 
$
71,496

 
0.89x
 
0.92x
 
1.19x
 
1.23x
Marriott (No. 234) (5)
 
68

 
9,120

 
1,021,394

 
108,160

 
0.92x
 
0.97x
 
1.08x
 
1.11x
Marriott (No. 5) (6)
 
1

 
356

 
90,078

 
10,518

 
1.04x
 
1.10x
 
1.03x
 
0.96x
Subtotal / Average Marriott
 
122

 
17,085

 
1,831,373

 
190,174

 
0.91x
 
0.96x
 
1.12x
 
1.15x
IHG (7)
 
101

 
16,689

 
2,237,462

 
205,011

 
0.79x
 
0.93x
 
1.02x
 
1.13x
Sonesta (8)
 
51

 
8,862

 
1,706,276

 
127,573

 
0.44x
 
0.51x
 
0.64x
 
0.75x
Wyndham (9)
 
22

 
3,583

 
397,705

 
29,366

 
0.07x
 
0.29x
 
0.61x
 
0.84x
Hyatt (10)
 
22

 
2,724

 
301,942

 
22,037

 
0.92x
 
1.06x
 
1.00x
 
1.12x
Radisson (11)
 
9

 
1,939

 
280,716

 
19,769

 
0.45x
 
1.00x
 
0.97x
 
1.18x
Subtotal / Average Hotels
 
327

 
50,882

 
6,755,474

 
593,930

 
0.71x
 
0.82x
 
0.95x
 
1.04x
TA (No. 1) (12)
 
36

 
747

 
668,375

 
49,018

 
1.75x
 
1.73x
 
1.86x
 
1.79x
TA (No. 2) (12)
 
36

 
879

 
626,390

 
44,663

 
1.68x
 
1.72x
 
1.83x
 
1.73x
TA (No. 3) (12)
 
35

 
885

 
578,630

 
42,404

 
1.65x
 
1.67x
 
1.82x
 
1.74x
TA (No. 4) (12)
 
37

 
930

 
594,794

 
48,381

 
1.80x
 
1.81x
 
1.89x
 
1.78x
TA (No. 5) (12)
 
35

 
1,039

 
834,559

 
61,617

 
1.67x
 
1.77x
 
1.79x
 
1.74x
Subtotal / Average TA
 
179

 
4,480

 
3,302,748

 
246,083

 
1.71x
 
1.74x
 
1.83x
 
1.76x
Total / Average
 
506

 
50,882 / 4,480

 
$
10,058,222

 
$
840,013

 
1.01x
 
1.10x
 
1.21x
 
1.26x
(1)
Represents the historical cost of our properties plus capital improvements funded by us less impairment writedowns, if any, and excludes capital improvements made from FF&E reserves funded from hotel operations which do not result in increases in minimum returns or rents.
(2)
Each of our management agreements or leases provides for payment to us of an annual minimum return or rent, respectively. Certain of these minimum payment amounts are secured by full or limited guarantees or security deposits as more fully described below. In addition, certain of our hotel management agreements provide for payment to us of additional amounts to the extent of available cash flows as defined in the management agreement. Payments of these additional amounts are not guaranteed or secured by deposits. Annualized minimum rent amounts represent cash rent amounts due to us and exclude adjustments necessary to record rent on a straight line basis.
(3)
We define coverage as combined total property level revenues minus all property level expenses and FF&E reserve escrows which are not subordinated to minimum returns or rents due to us (which data is provided to us by our managers or tenants), divided by the minimum returns or rents due to us. Coverage amounts for our IHG, Sonesta and Radisson agreements and our TA No. 4 lease include data for periods prior to our ownership of certain properties. Coverage amounts for our Sonesta agreement include data for one hotel prior to when it was managed by Sonesta. Coverage amounts for our Radisson and TA agreements exclude data for periods prior to our sale of certain properties.
(4)
We lease 53 Courtyard by Marriott® branded hotels in 24 states to one of our TRSs. The hotels are managed by a subsidiary of Marriott under a combination management agreement which expires in 2024; Marriott has two renewal options for 12 years each for all, but not less than all, of the hotels.
We have no security deposit or guarantee from Marriott for these 53 hotels. Accordingly, payment by Marriott of the minimum return due to us under this management agreement is limited to the hotels' available cash flows after payment of operating expenses and funding of the FF&E reserve. In addition to our minimum return, this agreement provides for payment to us of 50% of the hotels' available cash flows after payment of hotel operating expenses, funding of the required FF&E reserve, payment of our minimum return and payment of certain management fees.
(5)
We lease 68 of our Marriott® branded hotels (one full service Marriott®, 35 Residence Inn by Marriott®, 18 Courtyard by Marriott®, 12 TownePlace Suites by Marriott® and two SpringHill Suites by Marriott® hotels) in 22 states to one of our TRSs. The hotels are managed by subsidiaries of

28


Marriott under a combination management agreement which expires in 2025; Marriott has two renewal options for 10 years each for all, but not less than all, of the hotels.
We originally held a security deposit of $64,700 under this agreement to cover payment shortfalls of our minimum return. As of March 31, 2019, the available balance of this security deposit was $30,598. This security deposit may be replenished from a share of the hotels' available cash flows in excess of our minimum return and certain management fees. Marriott has also provided us with a $40,000 limited guaranty to cover payment shortfalls up to 90% of our minimum return after the available security deposit balance has been depleted. This limited guaranty expires in 2019. As of March 31, 2019, the available Marriott guaranty was $30,672.
In addition to our minimum return, this agreement provides for payment to us of 62.5% of the hotels' available cash flows after payment of hotel operating expenses, funding of the required FF&E reserve, payment of our minimum return, payment of certain management fees and replenishment of the security deposit. This additional return amount is not guaranteed or secured by the security deposit.
(6)
We lease one Marriott® branded hotel in Kauai, HI to a subsidiary of Marriott under a lease that expires in 2019. Marriott has four renewal options for 15 years each. On August 31, 2016, Marriott notified us that it will not exercise its renewal option at the expiration of the current lease term ending on December 31, 2019. This lease is guaranteed by Marriott and provides for increases in the annual minimum rent payable to us based on changes in the consumer price index.
(7)
We lease 100 IHG branded hotels (20 Staybridge Suites®, 61 Candlewood Suites®, two InterContinental®, 10 Crowne Plaza®, four Kimpton® Hotels & Restaurants and three Holiday Inn®) in 29 states in the U.S., the District of Columbia and Ontario, Canada to one of our TRSs. These 100 hotels are managed by subsidiaries of IHG under a combination management agreement. We lease one additional InterContinental® branded hotel in Puerto Rico to a subsidiary of IHG. The annual minimum return amount presented in the table on page 27 includes $7,908 of minimum rent related to the leased Puerto Rico hotel. The management agreement and the lease expire in 2036; IHG has two renewal options for 15 years each for all, but not less than all, of the hotels.
As of March 31, 2019, we held a security deposit of $85,745 under this agreement to cover payment shortfalls of our minimum return. This security deposit, if utilized, may be replenished and increased up to $100,000 from the hotels' available cash flows in excess of our minimum return and certain management fees. Under this agreement, IHG is required to maintain a minimum security deposit of $37,000. In connection with the February 2019 acquisition of the Hotel Palomar described in Note 7 to the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements included in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, IHG agreed to provide us $5,000 to supplement the existing security deposit.
In addition to our minimum return, this management agreement provides for an annual additional return payment to us of $12,067 from the hotels' available cash flows after payment of hotel operating expenses, funding of the required FF&E reserve, if any, payment of our minimum return, payment of certain management fees and replenishment and expansion of the security deposit. In addition, the agreement provides for payment to us of 50% of the hotels' available cash flows after payment to us of the annual additional return amount. These additional return amounts are not guaranteed or secured by the security deposit we hold.
(8)
We lease our 51 Sonesta branded hotels (six Royal Sonesta® Hotels, six Sonesta Hotels & Resorts® and 39 Sonesta ES Suites® hotels) in 26 states to one of our TRSs. The hotels are managed by Sonesta under a combination management agreement which expires in 2037; Sonesta has two renewal options for 15 years each for all, but not less than all, of the hotels.
We have no security deposit or guaranty from Sonesta. Accordingly, payment by Sonesta of the minimum return due to us under this management agreement is limited to the hotels' available cash flows after the payment of operating expenses, including certain management fees, and we are financially responsible for operating cash flows deficits, if any.
In addition to our minimum return, this management agreement provides for payment to us of 80% of the hotels' available cash flows after payment of hotel operating expenses, management fees to Sonesta, our minimum return, an imputed FF&E reserve to us and reimbursement of operating loss or working capital advances, if any.
(9)
We lease our 22 Wyndham branded hotels (six Wyndham Hotels and Resorts® and 16 Hawthorn Suites® hotels) in 14 states to one of our TRSs. The hotels are managed by subsidiaries of Wyndham under a combination management agreement which expires in 2038; Wyndham has two renewal options for 15 years each for all, but not less than all, of the hotels.
We have a limited guaranty of $35,656 under the management agreement to cover payment shortfalls of our minimum return, subject to an annual payment limit of $17,828. This guaranty expires in 2020. As of March 31, 2019, the Wyndham guaranty was depleted. This guaranty may be replenished from the hotels' available cash flows in excess of our minimum return. This agreement provides that if the hotel cash flows available after payment of hotel operating expenses are less than the minimum returns due to us and if the guaranty is depleted, to avoid a default, Wyndham is required to pay us the greater of the available hotel cash flows after payment of hotel operating expenses and 85% of our minimum return.
In addition to our minimum return, this management agreement provides for payment to us of 50% of the hotels' available cash flows after payment of hotel operating expenses, payment of our minimum return, funding of the FF&E reserve, if any, payment of certain management fees and reimbursement of any Wyndham guaranty advances. This additional return amount is not guaranteed.
We also lease 48 vacation units in one of the hotels to Destinations under a lease that expires in 2037; Destinations has two renewal options for 15 years each for all, but not less than all, of the vacation units. The lease is guaranteed by Destinations and provides for rent increases of 3% per annum. The annual minimum return amount presented in the table on page 27 includes $1,493 of minimum rent related to the Destinations lease.
(10)
We lease our 22 Hyatt Place® branded hotels in 14 states to one of our TRSs. The hotels are managed by a subsidiary of Hyatt under a combination management agreement that expires in 2030; Hyatt has two renewal options for 15 years each for all, but not less than all, of the hotels.
We have a limited guaranty of $50,000 under this agreement to cover payment shortfalls of our minimum return. As of March 31, 2019, the available Hyatt guaranty was $21,485. The guaranty is limited in amount but does not expire in time and may be replenished from a share of the hotels' available cash flows in excess of our minimum return.

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In addition to our minimum return, this management agreement provides for payment to us of 50% of the hotels' available cash flows after payment of operating expenses, funding the required FF&E reserve, payment of our minimum return and reimbursement to Hyatt of working capital and guaranty advances, if any. This additional return is not guaranteed.
(11)
We lease our nine Radisson branded hotels (four Radisson® Hotels & Resorts, four Country Inns & Suites® by Radisson and one Radisson Blu® hotel) in six states to one of our TRSs and these hotels are managed by a subsidiary of Radisson under a combination management agreement which expires in 2035 and Radisson has two 15 year renewal options for all, but not less than all, of the hotels.
We have a limited guaranty of $46,849 under this agreement to cover payment shortfalls of our minimum return. As of March 31, 2019, the available Radisson guaranty was $39,913. The guaranty is limited in amount but does not expire in time and may be replenished from a share of the hotels' available cash flows in excess of our minimum return. Also, this guaranty cap may be increased if we fund excess renovation costs under our agreement with Radisson.
In addition to our minimum return, this management agreement provides for payment to us of 50% of the hotels' available cash flows after payment of operating expenses, funding the required FF&E reserve, payment of our minimum return and reimbursement to Radisson of working capital and guaranty advances, if any. This additional return is not guaranteed.
(12)
TA No. 1: We lease 36 travel centers (32 TravelCenters of America® branded travel centers and four Petro Stopping Centers® branded travel centers) in 26 states to a subsidiary of TA under a lease that expires in 2032. TA has two renewal options for 15 years each for all, but not less than all, of these travel centers. In addition to the payment of our minimum rent, this lease provides for payment to us of percentage rent based on increases in total non-fuel revenues over base year levels (3% of non-fuel revenues above 2015 non-fuel revenues). Commencing in 2020, this lease provides for payment of an additional half percent (0.5%) of non-fuel revenues above 2019 non-fuel base year revenues. TA’s previously deferred rent obligation of $14,175 will be paid in 16 quarterly installments of $886 beginning in April 2019.
TA No. 2: We lease 36 travel centers (34 TravelCenters of America® branded travel centers and two Petro Stopping Centers® branded travel centers) in 24 states to a subsidiary of TA under a lease that expires in 2031. TA has two renewal options for 15 years each for all, but not less than all, of these travel centers. In addition to the payment of our minimum rent, this lease provides for payment to us of percentage rent based on increases in total non-fuel revenues over base year levels (3% of non-fuel revenues above 2015 non-fuel revenues). Commencing in 2020, this lease provides for payment of an additional half percent (0.5%) of non-fuel revenues above 2019 non-fuel base year revenues. TA’s previously deferred rent obligation of $12,847 will be paid in 16 quarterly installments of $803 beginning in April 2019.
TA No. 3: We lease 35 travel centers (33 TravelCenters of America® branded travel centers and two Petro Stopping Centers® branded travel centers) in 26 states to a subsidiary of TA under a lease that expires in 2029. TA has two renewal options for 15 years each for all, but not less than all, of these travel centers. In addition to the payment of our minimum rent, this lease provides for payment to us of percentage rent based on increases in total non-fuel revenues over base year levels (3% of non-fuel revenues above 2015 non-fuel revenues). Commencing in 2020, this lease provides for payment of an additional half percent (0.5%) of non-fuel revenues above 2019 non-fuel base year revenues. TA’s previously deferred rent obligation of $12,603 will be paid in 16 quarterly installments of $788 beginning in April 2019.
TA No. 4: We lease 37 travel centers (35 TravelCenters of America® branded travel centers and two Petro Stopping Centers® branded travel centers) in 27 states to a subsidiary of TA under a lease that expires in 2033. TA has two renewal options for 15 years each for all, but not less than all, of these travel centers. In addition to the payment of our minimum rent, this lease provides for payment to us of percentage rent based on increases in total non-fuel revenues over base year levels (3% of non-fuel revenues above 2015 non-fuel revenues). Commencing in 2020, this lease provides for payment of an additional half percent (0.5%) of non-fuel revenues above 2019 non-fuel base year revenues. TA’s previously deferred rent obligation of $12,961 will be paid in 16 quarterly installments of $810 beginning in April 2019.
TA No. 5: We lease 35 Petro Stopping Centers®