Company Quick10K Filing
Quick10K
Healthcare Realty Trust
Closing Price ($) Shares Out (MM) Market Cap ($MM)
$30.70 129 $3,970
10-Q 2019-03-31 Quarter: 2019-03-31
10-K 2018-12-31 Annual: 2018-12-31
10-Q 2018-09-30 Quarter: 2018-09-30
10-Q 2018-06-30 Quarter: 2018-06-30
10-Q 2018-03-31 Quarter: 2018-03-31
10-K 2017-12-31 Annual: 2017-12-31
10-Q 2017-09-30 Quarter: 2017-09-30
10-Q 2017-06-30 Quarter: 2017-06-30
10-Q 2017-03-31 Quarter: 2017-03-31
10-K 2016-12-31 Annual: 2016-12-31
10-Q 2016-09-30 Quarter: 2016-09-30
10-Q 2016-06-30 Quarter: 2016-06-30
10-Q 2016-03-31 Quarter: 2016-03-31
10-K 2015-12-31 Annual: 2015-12-31
10-Q 2015-09-30 Quarter: 2015-09-30
10-Q 2015-06-30 Quarter: 2015-06-30
10-Q 2015-03-31 Quarter: 2015-03-31
10-K 2014-12-31 Annual: 2014-12-31
10-Q 2014-09-30 Quarter: 2014-09-30
10-Q 2014-06-30 Quarter: 2014-06-30
10-Q 2014-03-31 Quarter: 2014-03-31
10-K 2013-12-31 Annual: 2013-12-31
8-K 2019-05-31 Enter Agreement, Off-BS Arrangement, Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2019-05-14 Shareholder Vote
8-K 2019-05-01 Earnings, Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2019-04-30 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2019-04-02 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2019-03-15 Enter Agreement, Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2019-02-13 Earnings, Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2019-02-12 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-11-01 Earnings, Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2018-10-30 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-08-02 Earnings, Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2018-07-31 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-05-08 Shareholder Vote
8-K 2018-05-01 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-03-27 Officers
8-K 2018-02-13 Earnings, Exhibits
BMY Bristol Myers Squibb 77,260
PFSI PennyMac Financial Services 1,790
VCYT Veracyte 942
TK Teekay 423
GFN General Finance 292
CNAC Constellation Alpha Capital 191
MARK Remark Holdings 54
HICT Hiclasst 0
EDR Education Realty Trust 0
YAPPA Yappa Worldoporated 0
HR 2019-03-31
Part I. Financial Information
Item 1. Financial Statements
Note 1. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Note 2. Real Estate Investments
Note 3. Leases
Note 4. Notes and Bonds Payable
Note 5. Derivative Financial Instruments
Note 6. Commitments and Contingencies
Note 7. Stockholders' Equity
Note 8. Fair Value of Financial Instruments
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Part Ii-Other Information
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Item 6. Exhibits
EX-31.1 hr-2019331xex311.htm
EX-31.2 hr-2019331xex312.htm
EX-32 hr-2019331xex32.htm

Healthcare Realty Trust Earnings 2019-03-31

HR 10Q Quarterly Report

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow

Document
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Table of Contents

 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
____________________________________________________________
FORM 10-Q
____________________________________________________________
(Mark One)
x
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended: March 31, 2019
OR
o
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                     to                     
Commission File Number: 001-11852
____________________________________________________________
HEALTHCARE REALTY TRUST INCORPORATED
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter) 
____________________________________________________________
Maryland
 
62 – 1507028
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
3310 West End Avenue
 
 
Suite 700
 
 
Nashville, Tennessee 37203
 
 
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
 
 
 
 
(615) 269-8175
 
 
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  x    No  o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated 
filer x
Accelerated 
filer o
Non-accelerated
 filer o
Smaller reporting 
company o
Emerging growth company o
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  o    No  x
 
As of April 26, 2019, the Registrant had 129,214,135 shares of Common Stock outstanding.
 


Table of Contents

HEALTHCARE REALTY TRUST INCORPORATED
FORM 10-Q
March 31, 2019

TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
Page
 
Item 1.   
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2.   
Item 3.   
Item 4.   
 
 
 
Item 1.   
 
 
 
 


Table of Contents

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements
Healthcare Realty Trust Incorporated
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Amounts in thousands, except per share data)
 
(Unaudited)
 
 
 
March 31,
2019
 
December 31,
2018
ASSETS
 
 
 
Real estate properties:
 
 
 
Land
$
230,206

 
$
230,206

Buildings, improvements and lease intangibles
3,757,260

 
3,675,415

Personal property
10,739

 
10,696

Construction in progress
40,326

 
33,107

Land held for development
24,647

 
24,647

 
4,063,178

 
3,974,071

Less accumulated depreciation and amortization
(1,035,800
)
 
(1,015,174
)
Total real estate properties, net
3,027,378

 
2,958,897

Cash and cash equivalents
11,313

 
8,381

Assets held for sale, net
10,568

 
9,272

Operating lease right-of-use assets
128,141

 

Financing lease right-of-use assets
9,259

 

Other assets, net
175,864

 
214,697

Total assets
$
3,362,523

 
$
3,191,247

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
 
 
 
Liabilities:
 
 
 
Notes and bonds payable
$
1,343,110

 
$
1,345,984

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
61,519

 
80,411

Liabilities of properties held for sale
633

 
587

Operating lease liabilities
91,044

 

Financing lease liabilities
14,294

 

Other liabilities
46,144

 
47,623

Total liabilities
1,556,744

 
1,474,605

Commitments and contingencies


 


Stockholders' equity:
 
 
 
Preferred stock, $.01 par value per share; 50,000 shares authorized; none issued and outstanding

 

Common stock, $.01 par value per share; 300,000 shares authorized; 129,214 and 125,279 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively
1,292

 
1,253

Additional paid-in capital
3,302,814

 
3,180,284

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(1,611
)
 
(902
)
Cumulative net income attributable to common stockholders
1,093,010

 
1,088,119

Cumulative dividends
(2,589,726
)
 
(2,552,112
)
Total stockholders' equity
1,805,779

 
1,716,642

Total liabilities and stockholders' equity
$
3,362,523

 
$
3,191,247


The accompanying notes, together with the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018, are an integral part of these financial statements.

1

Table of Contents

Healthcare Realty Trust Incorporated
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income
For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2019 and 2018
(Amounts in thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
2019
 
2018
REVENUES
 
 
 
 
Rental income
 
$
110,696

 
$
110,229

Other operating
 
1,961

 
1,895

 
 
112,657

 
112,124

EXPENSES
 
 
 
 
Property operating
 
42,725

 
41,818

General and administrative
 
8,510

 
9,101

Acquisition and pursuit costs
 
305

 
277

Depreciation and amortization
 
42,662

 
39,573

 
 
94,202

 
90,769

OTHER INCOME (EXPENSE)
 
 
 
 
Gain on sales of real estate assets
 
15

 

Interest expense
 
(13,588
)
 
(12,668
)
Interest and other income, net
 
9

 
493

 
 
(13,564
)
 
(12,175
)
NET INCOME
 
$
4,891

 
$
9,180

Basic earnings per common share
 
$
0.04

 
$
0.07

Diluted earnings per common share
 
$
0.04

 
$
0.07

Weighted average common shares outstanding - basic
 
124,130

 
123,257

Weighted average common shares outstanding - diluted
 
124,232

 
123,348

Dividends declared, per common share, during the period
 
$
0.30

 
$
0.30

The accompanying notes, together with the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018, are an integral part of these financial statements.

2

Table of Contents

Healthcare Realty Trust Incorporated
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2019 and 2018
(Dollars in thousands)
(Unaudited)
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
2019
 
2018
NET INCOME
 
$
4,891

 
$
9,180

Other comprehensive income:
 
 
 
 
Interest rate swaps:
 
 
 
 
Reclassification adjustments for losses included in net income (interest expense)
 
15

 
147

(Losses) gains arising during the period on interest rate swaps
 
(724
)
 
513

Total other comprehensive income (loss)
 
(709
)
 
660

COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
 
$
4,182

 
$
9,840


The accompanying notes, together with the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018, are an integral part of these financial statements.

3

Table of Contents


Healthcare Realty Trust Incorporated
Condensed Consolidated Statement of Equity
For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2019 and 2018
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)

 
Common
Stock
 
Additional
Paid-In
Capital
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
 
Cumulative
Net
Income
 
Cumulative
Dividends
 
Total
Stockholders’
Equity
Balance at December 31, 2018
$
1,253


$
3,180,284


$
(902
)

$
1,088,119


$
(2,552,112
)

$
1,716,642

Issuance of common stock, net of issuance costs
38

 
120,462

 

 

 

 
120,500

Common stock redemptions

 
(570
)
 

 

 

 
(570
)
Share-based compensation
1

 
2,638

 

 

 

 
2,639

Net income

 

 

 
4,891

 

 
4,891

Reclassification adjustments for losses included in net income (interest expense)


 

 
15

 

 

 
15

Losses arising during the period on interest rate swaps


 

 
(724
)
 

 

 
(724
)
Dividends to common stockholders ($0.30 per share)

 

 

 

 
(37,614
)
 
(37,614
)
Balance at March 31, 2019
$
1,292

 
$
3,302,814

 
$
(1,611
)
 
$
1,093,010

 
$
(2,589,726
)
 
$
1,805,779


 
Common
Stock
 
Additional
Paid-In
Capital
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
 
Cumulative
Net
Income
 
Cumulative
Dividends
 
Total
Stockholders’
Equity
Balance at December 31, 2017
$
1,251

 
$
3,173,429

 
$
(1,299
)
 
$
1,018,348

 
$
(2,401,846
)
 
$
1,789,883

Issuance of common stock, net of issuance costs


 
239

 

 

 

 
239

Common stock redemptions

 
(680
)
 

 

 

 
(680
)
Share-based compensation
1

 
2,821

 

 

 

 
2,822

Net income

 

 

 
9,180

 

 
9,180

Reclassification adjustments for losses included in net income (interest expense)


 

 
147

 

 

 
147

Gains arising during the period on interest rate swaps


 

 
513

 

 

 
513

Dividends to common stockholders ($0.30 per share)

 

 

 

 
(37,556
)
 
(37,556
)
Balance at March 31, 2018
$
1,252

 
$
3,175,809

 
$
(639
)
 
$
1,027,528

 
$
(2,439,402
)
 
$
1,764,548


The accompanying notes, together with the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018, are an integral part of these financial statements.


4

Table of Contents

Healthcare Realty Trust Incorporated
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2019 and 2018
(Dollars in thousands)
(Unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
OPERATING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
Net income
$
4,891

 
$
9,180

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
42,662

 
39,573

Other amortization
727

 
584

Share-based compensation
2,639

 
2,822

Amortization of straight-line rent receivable (lessor)
(668
)
 
(1,722
)
Amortization of straight-line rent on operating leases (lessee)
390

 
384

Gain on sales of real estate assets
(15
)
 

Equity from unconsolidated joint ventures loss
10

 
10

Distributions from unconsolidated joint ventures
88

 
37

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Other assets, including right-of-use-assets
(4,971
)
 
(4,193
)
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
(10,276
)
 
(6,949
)
Other liabilities
(673
)
 
1,094

Net cash provided by operating activities
34,804

 
40,820

INVESTING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
Acquisitions of real estate
(91,787
)
 
(1,756
)
Development of real estate
(5,712
)
 
(7,573
)
Additional long-lived assets
(11,741
)
 
(16,764
)
Proceeds from notes receivable repayments

 
5

Net cash used in investing activities
(109,240
)
 
(26,088
)
FINANCING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
Net (repayments) borrowings on unsecured credit facility
(2,000
)
 
24,000

Repayments of notes and bonds payable
(1,193
)
 
(1,154
)
Dividends paid
(37,614
)
 
(37,556
)
Net proceeds from issuance of common stock
120,617

 
236

Common stock redemptions
(2,442
)
 
(2,633
)
Debt issuance and assumption costs

 
(44
)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
77,368

 
(17,151
)
Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
2,932

 
(2,419
)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
8,381

 
6,215

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$
11,313

 
$
3,796

 
 
 
 
Supplemental Cash Flow Information:
 
 
 
Interest paid
$
11,071

 
$
3,899

Invoices accrued for construction, tenant improvements and other capitalized costs
$
13,509

 
$
8,592

Capitalized interest
$
307

 
$
186

The accompanying notes, together with the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018, are an integral part of these financial statements.

5

Table of Contents
Healthcare Realty Trust Incorporated

Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
March 31, 2019
(Unaudited)

Note 1. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Business Overview
Healthcare Realty Trust Incorporated (the "Company") is a real estate investment trust ("REIT") that owns, leases, manages, acquires, finances, develops and redevelops income-producing real estate properties associated primarily with the delivery of outpatient healthcare services throughout the United States. As of March 31, 2019, the Company had gross investments of approximately $4.0 billion in 201 real estate properties located in 26 states totaling approximately 15.0 million square feet. The Company provided leasing and property management services to approximately 11.3 million square feet nationwide.

Basis of Presentation
The Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("GAAP") for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. They do not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. However, except as disclosed herein, management believes there has been no material change in the information disclosed in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018. All material intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation.

This interim financial information should be read in conjunction with the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018. Management believes that all adjustments of a normal, recurring nature considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. In addition, the interim financial information does not necessarily represent or indicate what the operating results will be for the year ending December 31, 2019 for many reasons including, but not limited to, acquisitions, dispositions, capital financing transactions, changes in interest rates and the effects of other trends, risks and uncertainties.

Use of Estimates in the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
Preparation of the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements in accordance with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect amounts reported in the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and accompanying notes. Actual results may differ from those estimates.
Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606)
The Company recognizes certain revenue under the core principle of Topic 606. This requires an entity to recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. Lease revenue is not within the scope of Topic 606. To achieve the core principle, the Company applies the five step model specified in the guidance.

Revenue that is accounted for under Topic 606 is segregated on the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income in the Other operating line item. This line item includes parking income, rental lease guaranty income, management fee income and other miscellaneous income. Below is a detail of the amounts by category:
(in thousands)
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
Type of Revenue
 
2019
 
2018
Parking income
 
$
1,734

 
$
1,626

Rental lease guaranty
 
128

 
175

Management fee income
 
69

 
68

Miscellaneous
 
30

 
26

 
 
$
1,961

 
$
1,895



The Company’s three major types of revenue that are accounted for under Topic 606 that are listed above are all accounted for as the performance obligation is satisfied. The performance obligations that are identified for each of these items are satisfied over time and the Company recognizes revenue monthly based on this principle.

6

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New Accounting Pronouncements
Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-02, No. 2018-01 and No. 2018-11
In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued ASU 2016-02, "Leases." In January 2018, FASB issued ASU 2018-01, "Leases - Land Easement Practical Expedient for Transition to Topic 842," in July 2018, FASB issued ASU 2018-10, "Codification Improvements to Topic 842, Leases" and ASU 2018-11, "Leases - Targeted Improvements," and in December 2018, FASB issued ASU 2018-20, “Narrow-Scope Improvements for Lessors.” These accounting standard updates are collectively referred to as "Topic 842."
Topic 842 provides several practical expedients that the Company elected. These are (a) the package of practical expedients offered that allows an entity not to reassess upon adoption (i) whether an expired or existing contract contains a lease, (ii) lease classification related to expired or existing lease arrangements, and (iii) whether costs incurred on expired or existing leases qualify as initial direct costs, (b) the lessor practical expedient not to separate certain non-lease components, such as common area maintenance, from the lease component if (i) the timing and pattern of transfer are the same for the non-lease component and associated lease component, and (ii) the lease component would be classified as an operating lease if accounted for separately and (c) the lessee practical expedient not to separate certain non-lease components from the associated lease component.
For lessees, the new standard establishes a right-of-use ("ROU") model that requires a lessee to record a ROU asset and a lease liability on the balance sheet for all leases with terms longer than 12 months. Leases will be classified as either finance or operating, with the classification affecting the pattern of expense recognition in the income statement. Ground leases executed or assumed prior to the adoption of Topic 842 will continue to be accounted for as operating leases and will not result in a materially different ground lease expense. However, each ground lease executed after the adoption of Topic 842 will be evaluated to determine if it is an operating or finance lease. If the lease is to be accounted for as a finance lease, ground lease expense would be accounted for using the effective interest method instead of the straight-line method over the term of the lease, which would result in higher ground lease expense in the earlier years of a ground lease when compared to the straight-line method. The Company's lease population is primarily ground leases, but also includes management office leases in third party buildings and certain copier and postage machine leases. The Company utilized a third party to assist in determining the discount rate for its ground leases. The terms of the ground leases generally range from 40 to 99 years with a weighted average remaining lease term remaining of 54.9 years, excluding renewal options. The Company's discount rates, which approximates the Company's incremental borrowing rate, ranged from 3.4% for leases expiring in 2019 to 6.2% for leases expiring in 2115. The Company utilized a third party to assist in determining the discount rates. The discount rates consider the general economic environment and factor in various financing and asset specific adjustments so that the discount rate is appropriate for the intended use of the underlying lease. As of January 1, 2019, the Company recognized the present value of its lease payments and a corresponding lease liability of $91.7 million. In addition, the Company reclassified $45.0 million of prepaid ground leases and below-market lease intangibles from the Other assets line item, $1.9 million of above-market lease intangibles from the Other liabilities line and $8.4 million of straight-line rent from the Accounts payable and accrued liabilities line item to the Operating lease right-of-use assets line item on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
For lessors, the new standard requires a lessor to classify leases as either sales-type, direct-financing or operating. A lease will be treated as a sale if it is considered to transfer control of the underlying asset to the lessee. A lease will be classified as direct-financing if risks and rewards are conveyed without the transfer of control. Otherwise, the lease is treated as an operating lease. Lessor accounting remains largely unchanged with some exceptions including the concept of separating lease and nonlease components. Nonlease components, such as common area maintenance, are generally accounted for under Topic 606 and separated from the lease payments. However, the Company elected the lessor practical expedient allowing the Company to not separate these components when certain conditions are met. The combined component is accounted for under Topic 842. Lease related receivables, which include accounts receivable and accrued straight-line rent receivables, are reduced for revenue reserves and are recognized as a reduction to rental income. The adoption of Topic 842, where the Company is the lessor, did not have a material impact on the Company's Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for the three months ended March 31, 2019.
The new standard was effective for the Company on January 1, 2019. Topic 842 provides two transition alternatives. The Company elected to choose the prospective optional transition method available to apply the guidance in Accounting Standards Codification Topic 840 in the comparative periods presented in the year Topic 842 is adopted. Topic 842 includes extensive quantitative and qualitative disclosures as compared to Topic 840, Leases, for both lessees and lessors. See Note 3 for additional disclosures.

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Table of Contents


Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-13 and No. 2018-19
In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, "Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments." This update is intended to improve financial reporting by requiring timelier recognition of credit losses on loans and other financial instruments that are not accounted for at fair value through net income, including loans held for investment, held-to-maturity debt securities, trade and other receivables, net investment in leases and other such commitments. This update requires that financial statement assets measured at an amortized cost and certain other financial instruments be presented at the net amount expected to be collected, through an allowance for credit losses that is deducted from the amortized cost basis. ASU 2018-19 also clarifies that receivables arising from operating leases are not within the scope of this topic. Instead, impairment of these receivables should be accounted for in accordance with Topic 842, Leases. This standard is effective for annual and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2019 with early adoption permitted. The Company is in the initial stages of evaluating the impact from the adoption of this new standard on the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and related notes.

Accounting Standards Update No. 2017-04
In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-04, "Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment." This update eliminates Step 2 of the goodwill impairment test. As such, an entity will perform its annual, or interim, goodwill impairment test by comparing the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying amount. An entity should recognize a goodwill impairment charge for the amount by which the reporting unit's carrying amount exceeds its fair value. This standard is effective for the Company for annual and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2019. The Company does not expect a material impact on the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and related notes from the adoption of this standard.

Note 2. Real Estate Investments
2019 Acquisitions
The following table details the Company's acquisitions for the three months ended March 31, 2019:
(Dollars in millions)
Type (1)
 
Date
Acquired
 
Purchase Price

 
Cash
Consideration
(2)

 
Real
Estate

 
Other (3)

 
Square
Footage
(Unaudited)

Washington, D.C. (4)
MOB
 
3/28/19
 
$
46.0

 
$
45.9

 
$
50.2

 
$
(4.3
)
 
158,338

Indianapolis, IN (5)
MOB
 
3/28/19
 
47.0

 
44.8

 
43.7

 
1.1

 
143,499

 
 
 
 
 
$
93.0

 
$
90.7

 
$
93.9

 
$
(3.2
)
 
301,837

______
(1)
MOB = medical office building
(2)
Cash consideration excludes prorations of revenue and expense due to/from seller at the time of the acquisition.
(3)
Includes other assets acquired, liabilities assumed, and intangibles recognized at acquisition.
(4)
Includes two properties. The Company assumed two ground leases in connection with this acquisition that are classified as financing leases. The present value of future lease payments totaling $14.4 million was recorded on the Company's Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. In addition, the right-of-use assets were partially offset by $5.2 million of above-market lease intangibles included in Other.
(5)
The Company assumed a prepaid ground lease totaling $0.8 million and recorded a below-market lease intangible totaling $0.9 million in connection with this acquisition that is classified as an operating lease that are included in Other.

Subsequent Acquisition
On April 2, 2019, the Company acquired a 47,963 square foot medical office building in Atlanta, Georgia for a purchase price of $28.0 million.

Subsequent Disposition
On April 9, 2019, the Company disposed of three off-campus medical office buildings and one on-campus medical office building to a single purchaser. The buildings are located in Tucson, Arizona and total 67,345 square feet. The sales price was approximately $13.0 million and as of March 31, 2019, the Company's net investment in the buildings was $6.9 million.





8

Table of Contents


Assets Held for Sale
In March 2019, the Company reclassified an inpatient rehabilitation facility to held for sale upon notification that a ground lessor is exercising a purchase option. The purchase price is determined by an appraisal process that is currently underway. The Company expects the purchase price to be greater than the current net investment of approximately $1.3 million. As of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, the Company had two properties and one property, respectively, classified as held for sale.

The table below reflects the assets and liabilities of the properties classified as held for sale as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018:
(Dollars in thousands)
March 31,
2019
 
December 31,
2018
Balance Sheet data:
 
 
 
Land
$
1,125

 
$
1,125

Buildings, improvements and lease intangibles
39,586

 
18,231

 
40,711

 
19,356

Accumulated depreciation
(30,706
)
 
(10,657
)
Real estate assets held for sale, net
10,005

 
8,699

Operating lease right-of-use assets
168

 

Other assets, net
395

 
573

Assets held for sale, net
$
10,568

 
$
9,272

 
 
 
 
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
$
251

 
$
450

Operating lease liabilities
168

 

Other liabilities
214

 
137

Liabilities of properties held for sale
$
633

 
$
587




Note 3. Leases
Lessor Accounting Under ASC 842
The Company’s properties generally are leased pursuant to non-cancelable, fixed-term operating leases with expiration dates through 2036. Some leases provide for fixed rent renewal terms in addition to market rent renewal terms. Some leases provide the lessee, during the term of the lease, with an option or right of first refusal to purchase the leased property.

The Company's leases typically have escalators that are either based on a stated percentage or an index such as CPI (consumer price index). In addition, most of the Company's leases include nonlease components such as reimbursement of operating expenses as additional rent or include the reimbursement of expected operating expenses as part of the lease payment. The Company elected the practical expedient and adopted an accounting policy to combine lease and nonlease components. Rent escalators based on indices and reimbursements of operating expenses that are not included in the lease rate are considered variable lease payments. Variable payments are recognized in the periods when the information is known. As of March 31, 2019, the Company had one ground lease that is associated with a property under construction where rent has not yet commenced. Lease income for the Company's operating leases recognized for the three months ended March 31, 2019 was $110.7 million.


9

Table of Contents


Future lease payments under the non-cancelable operating leases, excluding any reimbursements, as of March 31, 2019 are as follows (in thousands):
2019
$
250,619

2020
294,900

2021
250,050

2022
213,822

2023
175,215

2024 and thereafter
502,647

 
$
1,687,253



Lessor Accounting Under ASC 840
The Company’s properties are generally leased pursuant to non-cancelable, fixed-term operating leases with expiration dates through 2036. Some leases and financial arrangements provide for fixed rent renewal terms in addition to market rent renewal terms. Some leases provide the lessee, during the term of the lease and for a short period thereafter, with an option or a right of first refusal to purchase the leased property. The Company’s portfolio of single-tenant net leases generally requires the lessee to pay minimum rent and all taxes (including property tax), insurance, maintenance and other operating costs associated with the leased property.
Future minimum lease payments under the non-cancelable operating leases, excluding any reimbursements, as of December 31, 2018 are as follows (in thousands):
2019
$
326,441

2020
279,211

2021
235,660

2022
201,072

2023
163,978

2024 and thereafter
476,673

 
$
1,683,035



Lessee Accounting Under ASC 842
As of March 31, 2019, the Company was obligated, as the lessee, under operating lease agreements consisting primarily of the Company’s ground leases. As of March 31, 2019, the Company had 109 properties, excluding one property classified as held for sale, totaling 9.1 million square feet that were held under ground leases with a remaining weighted average term of 54.9 years, excluding renewal options. Including renewal options, the remaining weighted average term would be 70.7 years. Some lease renewal terms are based on fixed rent renewal terms in addition to market rent renewal terms. These ground leases typically have initial terms of 40 to 99 years with expiration dates through 2117. Any increases related to the Company’s ground leases are generally either stated or based on the Consumer Price Index. The Company had 46 prepaid ground leases as of March 31, 2019. The amortization of the prepaid rent, included in the operating lease right-of-use asset represented approximately $0.1 million of the Company’s rental expense for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and March 31, 2018.

The Company’s future lease payments (primarily for its 63 non-prepaid ground leases) as of March 31, 2019 were as follows (in thousands):

 
 
Operating

 
Financing

2019
$
2,948

 
$
626

2020
4,849

 
611

2021
4,879

 
619

2022
4,909

 
628

2023
4,947

 
637

2024 and thereafter
314,406

 
74,766

Total undiscounted lease payments
336,938

 
77,887

Discount
(245,894
)
 
(63,593
)
Lease Liability
$
91,044

 
$
14,294



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Table of Contents



The following table provides a detail of the Company's total lease expense for the three months ended March 31, 2019 (in thousands):
 
 
Operating
 
FInancing
Lease expense
 
 
 
 
Operating lease expense
 
$
1,116

 
$

Variable lease expense
 
740

 

Total lease expense
 
$
1,856

 
$

 
 
 
 
 
Other information
 
 
 
 
Operating cash flows outflows related to operating leases
 
$
2,771

 
$

Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for new lease liabilities
 
$

 
$
14,294

Weighted-average remaining lease term (excluding renewal options)
 
54.0

 
70.6

Weighted-average discount rate
 
5.5
%
 
5.9
%


Lessee Accounting Under ASC 840

As of December 31, 2018, the Company was obligated under operating lease agreements consisting primarily of the Company’s ground leases. At December 31, 2018, the Company had 107 properties totaling 8.8 million square feet that were held under ground leases with a remaining weighted average term of 53.9 years, excluding renewal options. These ground leases typically have initial terms of 50 to 75 years with one or more renewal options extending the terms to 75 to 100 years, with expiration dates through 2117. Any rental increases related to the Company’s ground leases are generally either stated or based on the Consumer Price Index.

The Company’s future minimum lease payments (primarily for its 60 non-prepaid ground leases) as of December 31, 2018 were as follows (in thousands):  
2019
$
5,288

2020
5,260

2021
5,238

2022
5,207

2023
5,224

2024 and thereafter
323,533

 
$
349,750



11

Table of Contents


Note 4. Notes and Bonds Payable
The table below details the Company’s notes and bonds payable. 
 
Maturity
Dates
 
Balance as of
 
Effective Interest Rate as of

(Dollars in thousands)
March 31, 2019

 
December 31, 2018

March 31, 2019

Unsecured Credit Facility
7/20
 
$
260,000

 
$
262,000

 
3.49
%
Unsecured Term Loan Facility, net of issuance costs (1)
12/22
 
149,234

 
149,183

 
3.53
%
Senior Notes due 2023, net of discount and issuance costs
4/23
 
248,223

 
248,117

 
3.95
%
Senior Notes due 2025, net of discount and issuance costs (2)
5/25
 
248,338

 
248,278

 
4.08
%
Senior Notes due 2028, net of discount and issuance costs
1/28
 
295,309

 
295,198

 
3.84
%
Mortgage notes payable, net of discounts and issuance costs and including premiums
7/19-5/40
 
142,006

 
143,208

 
4.79
%
 
 
 
$
1,343,110

 
$
1,345,984

 
 

______
(1)
The effective interest rate includes the impact of interest rate swaps on $25.0 million and $50.0 million of the outstanding balance at a rate of 2.18% and 2.46%, respectively (plus the applicable margin rate, currently 110 basis points).
(2)
The effective interest rate includes the impact of the $1.7 million settlement of a forward-starting interest rate swap that is included in Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) on the Company's Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

Subsequent Mortgage Note Payable Payoff
On April 10, 2019, the Company repaid in full a mortgage note payable bearing interest at a rate of 5.00% per annum with an outstanding principal of $8.9 million. The mortgage note encumbered a 52,813 square foot property in Washington.



12

Table of Contents


Note 5. Derivative Financial Instruments
Risk Management Objective of Using Derivatives
The Company is exposed to certain risks arising from both its business operations and economic conditions. The Company principally manages its exposures to a wide variety of business and operational risks through management of its core business activities. The Company manages economic risks, including interest rate, liquidity, and credit risk, primarily by managing the amount, sources, and duration of its assets and liabilities and the use of derivative financial instruments. Specifically, the Company enters into derivative financial instruments to manage exposures that arise from business activities that result in the
receipt or payment of future known and uncertain cash amounts, the value of which are determined by interest rates. The Company’s derivative financial instruments are used to manage differences in the amount, timing, and duration of the Company’s known or expected cash receipts and its known or expected cash payments principally related to the Company’s borrowings.

Cash Flow Hedges of Interest Rate Risk
The Company’s objectives in using interest rate derivatives are to add stability to interest expense and to manage its exposure to interest rate movements. To accomplish this objective, the Company primarily uses interest rate swaps as part of its interest rate risk management strategy. Interest rate swaps designated as cash flow hedges involve the receipt of variable amounts from a counterparty in exchange for the Company making fixed-rate payments over the life of the agreements without exchange of the underlying notional amount. Such derivatives were used to hedge the variable cash flows associated with existing variable-rate debt.

For derivatives designated and that qualify as cash flow hedges of interest rate risk, the gain or loss on the derivative is recorded in Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss) and subsequently reclassified into interest expense in the same period(s) during which the hedged transaction affects earnings. Amounts reported in Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) related to derivatives will be reclassified to interest expense as interest payments are made on the Company’s variable-rate debt.

As of March 31, 2019, the Company had four outstanding interest rate derivatives that were designated as cash flow hedges of interest rate risk:
Derivative Instrument
 
Number of Instruments

 
Notional Amount
(in millions)
Interest rate swaps
 
4

 
$75.0


Tabular Disclosure of Fair Values of Derivative Instruments on the Balance Sheet
The table below presents the fair value of the Company's derivative financial instruments, as well as their classification on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as of March 31, 2019.
 
Balance at March 31, 2019
(Dollars in thousands)
Balance Sheet Location
 
Fair Value

Derivatives designated as hedging instruments
 
 
 
Interest rate swaps
Other liabilities
 
$
589

Total derivatives designated as hedging instruments
 
 
$
589



Tabular Disclosure of the Effect of Cash Flow Hedge Accounting on Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
The table below presents the effect of cash flow hedge accounting on Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss) ("OCI") during the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 related to the Company's outstanding interest rate swaps.
 
Amount of Loss Recognized in OCI on Derivative
 
Amount of Loss Reclassified from OCI into Income
(Dollars in thousands)
2019

2019

 
2018

Interest rate products
$
724

Interest expense
$
(27
)
 
$
105

Settled interest rate swaps

Interest expense
42

 
42

 
$
724

Total interest expense
$
15

 
$
147



13

Table of Contents


Credit-risk-related Contingent Features
The Company's agreements with each of its derivative counterparties contain a cross-default provision under which the Company could be declared in default of its derivative obligations if repayment of the underlying indebtedness is accelerated by the lender due to the Company's default on the indebtedness.

The Company estimates that $13 thousand related to active interest rate swaps will be reclassified from OCI as a decrease to interest expense over the next 12 months, and that $0.2 million related to settled interest rate swaps will be amortized from OCI as an increase to interest expense over the next 12 months.

Subsequent Activity
On April 12, 2019, the Company entered into two interest rate swaps totaling $50.0 million to hedge the 1-month LIBOR portion of the cost of borrowing under the Company's variable rate debt to a fixed interest rate of 2.334%. These derivatives were used to hedge variable cash flows associated with variable-rate debt.

Note 6. Commitments and Contingencies
Legal Proceedings
The Company is, from time to time, involved in litigation arising in the ordinary course of business. The Company is not aware of any pending or threatened litigation that, if resolved against the Company, would have a material adverse effect on the Company’s consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

Redevelopment Activity
The Company is redeveloping a medical office building in Charlotte, North Carolina, which includes a 38,000 square foot vertical expansion. As of March 31, 2019, the Company had funded approximately $9.7 million on the redevelopment of this property. The project is expected to be completed in the second quarter of 2019.

Development Activity
The Company began the development of a 151,000 square foot medical office building in Seattle, Washington during 2017. As of March 31, 2019, the Company had funded approximately $30.9 million on the development. The Company expects the project to be completed in the fourth quarter of 2019.
Note 7. Stockholders' Equity

Common Stock    
The following table provides a reconciliation of the beginning and ending shares of common stock outstanding for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and the year ended December 31, 2018:
 
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
Balance, beginning of period
125,279,455

 
125,131,593

Issuance of common stock
3,889,411

 
26,203

Nonvested share-based awards, net of withheld shares
45,225

 
121,659

Balance, end of period
129,214,091

 
125,279,455



Equity Offering
On March 19, 2019, the Company issued 3,737,500 shares of common stock, par value $0.01 per share, at $31.40 per share in an underwritten public offering pursuant to the Company's existing effective registration statement. The net proceeds of the offering, after underwriting discounts and offering expenses, were approximately $115.8 million.

At-The-Market Equity Offering Program
The Company sold 135,265 shares under the Company's at-the-market equity offering program during the three months ended March 31, 2019. The sales generated $4.3 million in net proceeds at prices to the public ranging from $32.01 to $32.86 (weighted average of $32.36). The Company had 5,733,432 authorized shares remaining available to be sold under the current sales agreements as of April 26, 2019.


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Table of Contents


Common Stock Dividends
During the three months ended March 31, 2019, the Company declared and paid common stock dividends totaling $0.30 per share. On April 30, 2019, the Company declared a quarterly common stock dividend in the amount of $0.30 per share payable on May 30, 2019 to stockholders of record on May 15, 2019.

Earnings Per Common Share
The Company uses the two-class method of computing net earnings per common shares. The Company's nonvested share-based awards are considered participating securities pursuant to the two-class method. The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted earnings per common share for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018.
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)
2019
 
2018
Weighted average Common Shares outstanding
 
 
 
Weighted average Common Shares outstanding
125,908,335

 
125,167,128

Nonvested shares
(1,778,700
)
 
(1,909,777
)
Weighted average Common Shares outstanding—Basic
124,129,635

 
123,257,351

Weighted average Common Shares outstanding—Basic
124,129,635

 
123,257,351

Dilutive effect of employee stock purchase plan
102,132

 
90,330

Weighted average Common Shares outstanding—Diluted
124,231,767

 
123,347,681

Net Income
$
4,891

 
$
9,180

Dividends paid on nonvested share-based awards
(536
)
 
(579
)
Net income applicable to common stockholders
$
4,355

 
$
8,601

Basic earnings per common share - Net income
$
0.04

 
$
0.07

Diluted earnings per common share - Net income
$
0.04

 
$
0.07



Incentive Plans
A summary of the activity under the Company's share-based incentive plans for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 is included in the table below.
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
Share-based awards, beginning of period
1,769,863

 
1,907,645

Granted
64,771

 
76,762

Vested
(50,507
)
 
(54,065
)
Share-based awards, end of period
1,784,127

 
1,930,342



During the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, the Company withheld 19,546 and 21,196 shares of common stock, respectively, from participants to pay estimated withholding taxes related to shares that vested.

In addition to the share-based incentive plans, the Company maintains the 2000 Employee Stock Purchase Plan (the "Purchase Plan"). A summary of the activity under the Purchase Plan for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 is included in the table below.
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
Outstanding and exercisable, beginning of period
328,533

 
318,100

Granted
235,572

 
203,836

Exercised
(14,630
)
 
(8,835
)
Forfeited
(16,625
)
 
(10,580
)
Expired
(142,074
)
 
(135,790
)
Outstanding and exercisable, end of period
390,776

 
366,731




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Note 8. Fair Value of Financial Instruments
The following methods and assumptions were used to estimate the fair value of each class of financial instrument for which it is practical to estimate that value.

Cash and cash equivalents - The carrying amount approximates fair value due to the short term maturity of these investments.

Borrowings under the unsecured credit facility due 2020 and unsecured term loan facility due 2022 - The carrying amount approximates fair value because the borrowings are based on variable market interest rates.

Senior Notes and Mortgage Notes payable - The fair value of notes and bonds payable is estimated using cash flow analyses, based on the Company’s current interest rates for similar types of borrowing arrangements.

Interest rate swap agreements - Interest rate swap agreements are recorded in other liabilities on the Company's Consolidated Balance Sheets at fair value. Fair value is estimated by utilizing pricing models that consider forward yield curves and discount rates.

The table below details the fair values and carrying values for notes and bonds payable at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018.
 
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
(Dollars in millions)
Carrying Value
 
Fair Value
 
Carrying Value
 
Fair Value
Notes and bonds payable (1)
$
1,343.1

 
$
1,329.8

 
$
1,346.0

 
$
1,326.5


______
(1)
Level 2 – model-derived valuations in which significant inputs and significant value drivers are observable in active markets.



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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Disclosure Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
This report and other materials the Company has filed or may file with the Securities and Exchange Commission, as well as information included in oral statements or other written statements made, or to be made, by management of the Company, contain, or will contain, disclosures that are “forward-looking statements.” Forward-looking statements include all statements that do not relate solely to historical or current facts and can be identified by the use of words such as “may,” “will,” “expect,” “believe,” “anticipate,” “target,” “intend,” “plan,” “estimate,” “project,” “continue,” “should,” “could," "budget" and other comparable terms. These forward-looking statements are based on the current plans and expectations of management and are subject to a number of risks and uncertainties, including the risks described in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018, that could significantly affect the Company’s current plans and expectations and future financial condition and results.

The Company undertakes no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. Stockholders and investors are cautioned not to unduly rely on such forward-looking statements when evaluating the information presented in the Company’s filings and reports, including, without limitation, estimates and projections regarding the performance of development projects the Company is pursuing.

For a detailed discussion of the Company’s risk factors, please refer to the Company’s filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including its Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018.

Liquidity and Capital Resources
Sources and Uses of Cash
The Company’s primary sources of cash include rent receipts from its real estate portfolio based on contractual arrangements with its tenants and sponsors, borrowings under the Company's unsecured credit facility due 2020 (the "Unsecured Credit Facility"), proceeds from the sales of real estate properties and proceeds from public or private debt or equity offerings.

The Company expects to continue to meet its liquidity needs, including funding additional investments, paying dividends, and funding debt service, through cash on hand, cash flows from operations, and the cash flow sources described above. The Company had unencumbered real estate assets with a gross book value of approximately $3.7 billion at March 31, 2019, of which a portion could serve as collateral for secured mortgage financing. The Company believes that its liquidity and sources of capital are adequate to satisfy its cash requirements. The Company cannot, however, be certain that these sources of funds will be available at a time and upon terms acceptable to the Company in sufficient amounts to meet its liquidity needs.

Dividends paid by the Company for the three months ended March 31, 2019 were funded from cash flows from operations and the Unsecured Credit Facility, as cash flows from operations were not adequate to fully fund dividends paid at the rate per quarter of $0.30 per common share. The Company expects that additional cash flows from existing properties, acquisitions and developments will generate sufficient cash flows from operations such that dividends for the full year 2019 can be funded by cash flows from operations.
 
Investing Activities
Cash flows used in investing activities for the three months ended March 31, 2019 were approximately $109.2 million. Below is a summary of significant investing activities.
2019 Acquisitions
The following table details the Company's acquisitions for the three months ended March 31, 2019:
(Dollars in millions)
 
Health System Affiliation
 
Date
Acquired
 
Purchase Price

 
Square
Footage

 
Cap Rate

 
Hospital Campus Location (1)
Washington, D.C. (2)
 
Inova Health
 
3/28/19
 
$
46.0

 
158,338

 
5.2
%
 
On
Indianapolis, IN
 
Indiana University Health
 
3/28/19
 
47.0

 
143,499

 
5.1
%
 
On
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
93.0

 
301,837

 
5.2
%
 
 
______
(1)
On = Located on a hospital campus
(2)
Includes two properties.






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Subsequent Acquisition
On April 2, 2019, the Company acquired a 47,963 square foot medical office building in Atlanta, Georgia for a purchase price of $28.0 million.

Capital Funding
During the three months ended March 31, 2019, the Company funded the following:
$7.3 million toward development and redevelopment of properties;
$2.8 million toward first generation tenant improvements and planned capital expenditures for acquisitions;
$4.3 million toward second generation tenant improvements; and
$3.5 million toward capital expenditures.

Subsequent Disposition
On April 9, 2019, the Company disposed of three off-campus medical office buildings and one on-campus medical office building to a single purchaser. The buildings are located in Tucson, Arizona and total 67,345 square feet. The sales price was approximately $13.0 million and the Company's net investment in the buildings was $6.9 million as of March 31, 2019.

Financing Activities
Cash flows used in financing activities for the three months ended March 31, 2019 were approximately $77.4 million. Inflows from equity related to the Company's common stock issuances and net borrowings totaled $120.6 million, net of issuance costs incurred. Aggregate cash outflows totaled approximately $43.2 million primarily associated with dividends paid to common stockholders. See Notes 4 and 7 to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for more information about capital markets and financing activities.

Common Stock Issuances
The Company sold 135,265 shares under the Company's at-the-market equity offering program during the three months ended March 31, 2019. The sales generated $4.3 million in net proceeds at prices to the public ranging from $32.01 to $32.86 (weighted average of $32.36). The Company had 5,733,432 authorized shares remaining available to be sold under the current sales agreements as of April 26, 2019.

On March 19, 2019, the Company issued 3,737,500 shares of common stock, par value $0.01 per share, at $31.40 per share in an underwritten public offering pursuant to the Company's existing effective registration statement. The net proceeds of the offering, after underwriting discounts and offering expenses, were approximately $115.8 million.

Subsequent Mortgage Note Payable Payoff
On April 10, 2019, the Company repaid in full a mortgage note payable bearing interest at a rate of 5.00% per annum with an outstanding principal of $8.9 million. The mortgage note encumbered a 52,813 square foot property in Washington.

Operating Activities
Cash flows provided by operating activities decreased from $40.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2018 to $34.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019. Items impacting cash flows from operations include, but are not limited to, cash generated from property operations, interest payments and the timing related to the payment of invoices and other expenses and receipts of tenant rent.
The Company may, from time to time, sell additional properties and redeploy cash from property sales into new investments. To the extent revenues related to the properties being sold exceed income from these new investments, the Company's results of operations and cash flows could be adversely affected.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
The Company has no off-balance sheet arrangements that are reasonably likely to have a current or future material effect on the Company’s financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources.

New Accounting Pronouncements
See Note 1 to the Company's Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements accompanying this report for information on new accounting standards.


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Table of Contents

Trends and Matters Impacting Operating Results
Management monitors factors and trends important to the Company and the REIT industry to gauge the potential impact on the operations of the Company. In addition to the matters discussed in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018, below are some of the factors and trends that management believes may impact future operations of the Company.

Expiring Leases
The Company expects that approximately 15% to 20% of the leases in its multi-tenanted portfolio will expire each year in the ordinary course of business. There are 581 leases totaling 2.1 million square feet in the Company's multi-tenant portfolio that will expire during the remainder of 2019. Approximately 95% of the leases expiring in 2019 are located in buildings on or adjacent to hospital campuses, are distributed throughout the portfolio, and are not concentrated with any one tenant, health system or market area. The Company typically expects to retain 75% to 90% of multi-tenant property tenants upon expiration, and the retention ratio for the first three months of the year has been within this range.

Included in the 2019 lease expirations is a lease for a 111,000 square foot fitness center with Baylor Scott & White that recently was extended for 90 days to September 30, 2019. This fitness center is located in a 217,000 square foot on-campus medical office building. The Company and Baylor Scott & White are exploring options, including bringing in a third party operator for the fitness center and converting any remaining space to clinical use.

The Company has two single-tenant net leased, on-campus inpatient rehabilitation facilities with lease terms scheduled to expire in the third quarter of 2019.  The Company received notice that the lessee is exercising its third renewal option related to one of the leases, representing 0.9% of the total cash NOI for the trailing twelve months ended March 31, 2019.  The other lease, representing 0.8% of total cash NOI for the same period, is not expected to be renewed; however, the Company received notice that the the ground lessor is exercising its purchase option. The purchase price is determined by an appraisal process that is currently underway. The Company expects the purchase price to be greater than the current net investment of approximately $1.3 million.
Property Operating Agreement Expirations
On February 28, 2019, the Company’s remaining property operating agreement between the Company and a sponsoring health system expired. This agreement contractually obligated the sponsoring health system to provide to the Company a minimum return on the Company’s investment in the property in exchange for the right to be involved in the operating decisions of the property, including tenancy. If the minimum return was not achieved through normal operations of the property, the Company calculated and accrued to property lease guaranty revenue, each quarter, any shortfalls due from the sponsor under the terms of the property operating agreement. The Company recognized $0.1 million in property lease guaranty revenue during the first quarter of 2019 related to this agreement.

Operating Expenses
The Company has historically experienced increases in property taxes throughout its portfolio as a result of increasing assessments and tax rates levied across the country. The Company continues its efforts to appeal property tax increases and manage the impact of the increases. In addition, the Company has historically incurred variability in portfolio utilities expense based on seasonality, with the first and third quarters usually reflecting greater amounts. The effects of these operating expense increases are mitigated in leases that have provisions for operating expense reimbursement. As of March 31, 2019, leases for 88% of the Company's multi-tenant leased square footage allow for some recovery of operating expenses, with 31% having modified gross lease structures and 57% having net lease structures.

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Purchase Options
Information about the Company's unexercised purchase options and the amount and basis for determination of the purchase price is detailed in the table below (dollars in thousands):
 
 
Number of Properties
 
Gross Real Estate Investment as of March 31, 2019
Year Exercisable
 
MOB
 
Inpatient
 
Fair Market Value Method (1)

 
Non Fair Market Value Method (2)

 
Total

Current (3)
 
3

 
1

 
$
95,740

 
$

 
$
95,740

2020
 

 

 

 

 

2021
 
1

 

 

 
14,984

 
14,984

2022
 

 

 

 

 

2023
 

 

 

 

 

2024
 

 

 

 

 

2025
 
5

 
1

 
47,620

 
221,929

 
269,549

2026
 

 

 

 

 

2027
 

 

 

 

 

2028
 
1

 

 
43,869

 

 
43,869

2029 and thereafter
 
5

 

 
125,638

 

 
125,638

Total
 
15

 
2

 
$
312,867

 
$
236,913

 
$
549,780

_____
(1)
The purchase option price includes a fair market value component that is determined by an appraisal process.
(2)
Includes properties with stated purchase prices or prices based on fixed capitalization rates. These properties have purchase prices that are on average 17% greater than the Company's current gross investment.
(3)
These purchase options have been exercisable for an average of 10.6 years.

In March 2019, the Company received notice that a ground lessor is exercising a purchase option on a inpatient rehabilitation facility. The purchase price is determined by an appraisal process that is currently underway. The Company expects the purchase price to be greater than the current net investment of approximately $1.3 million.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures and Key Performance Indicators
Management considers certain non-GAAP financial measures and key performance indicators to be useful supplemental measures of the Company's operating performance. A non-GAAP financial measure is generally defined as one that purports to measure financial performance, financial position or cash flows, but excludes or includes amounts that would not be so adjusted in the most comparable measure determined in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP"). Set forth below are descriptions of the non-GAAP financial measures management considers relevant to the Company's business and useful to investors, as well as reconciliations of these measures to the most directly comparable GAAP financial measures.
The non-GAAP financial measures and key performance indicators presented herein are not necessarily identical to those presented by other real estate companies due to the fact that not all real estate companies use the same definitions. These measures should not be considered as alternatives to net income, as indicators of the Company's financial performance, or as alternatives to cash flow from operating activities as measures of the Company's liquidity, nor are these measures necessarily indicative of sufficient cash flow to fund all of the Company's needs. Management believes that in order to facilitate a clear understanding of the Company's historical consolidated operating results, these measures should be examined in conjunction with net income and cash flows from operations as presented in the Consolidated Financial Statements and other financial data included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.
Funds from Operations ("FFO"), Normalized FFO and Funds Available for Distribution ("FAD")
FFO and FFO per share are operating performance measures adopted by the National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts (“NAREIT”). NAREIT defines FFO as the most commonly accepted and reported measure of a REIT’s operating performance equal to “net income (computed in accordance with GAAP), excluding gains (or losses) from sales of property, plus depreciation and amortization, impairment, and after adjustments for unconsolidated partnerships and joint ventures.”
In addition to FFO, the Company presents Normalized FFO and FAD. Normalized FFO is presented by adding to FFO acquisition-related costs, acceleration of debt issuance costs, debt extinguishment costs and other Company-defined normalizing items to evaluate operating performance. FAD is presented by adding to Normalized FFO non-real estate depreciation and amortization, deferred financing fees amortization, stock-based compensation expense and provision for bad debts, net; and subtracting maintenance capital expenditures, including second generation tenant improvements and leasing commissions paid and straight-line rent income, net of expense. The Company's definition of these terms may not be

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comparable to that of other real estate companies as they may have different methodologies for computing these amounts. Normalized FFO and FAD should not be considered as an alternative to net income as an indicator of the Company's financial performance or to cash flow from operating activities as an indicator of the Company's liquidity. Normalized FFO and FAD should be reviewed in connection with GAAP financial measures.
Management believes FFO, Normalized FFO, FFO per share, Normalized FFO per share and FAD ("Non-GAAP Measures") provide an understanding of the operating performance of the Company’s properties without giving effect to certain significant non-cash items, primarily depreciation and amortization expense. Historical cost accounting for real estate assets in accordance with GAAP assumes that the value of real estate assets diminishes predictably over time. However, real estate values instead have historically risen or fallen with market conditions. The Company believes that by excluding the effect of depreciation, amortization, impairments and gains or losses from sales of real estate, all of which are based on historical costs and which may be of limited relevance in evaluating current performance, Non-GAAP Measures can facilitate comparisons of operating performance between periods. The Company reports Non-GAAP Measures because these measures are observed by management to also be the predominant measures used by the REIT industry and by industry analysts to evaluate REITs. For these reasons, management deems it appropriate to disclose and discuss these Non-GAAP Measures. However, none of these measures represent cash generated from operating activities determined in accordance with GAAP and are not necessarily indicative of cash available to fund cash needs. Further, these measures should not be considered as an alternative to net income as an indicator of the Company’s operating performance or as an alternative to cash flow from operating activities as a measure of liquidity. The table below reconciles net income to FFO, Normalized FFO and FAD for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018:
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
(Amounts in thousands, except per share data)
2019
 
2018
Net Income
$
4,891

 
$
9,180

Gain on sales of real estate assets
(15
)
 

Real estate depreciation and amortization
43,383

 
40,003

Total adjustments
43,368

 
40,003

FFO Attributable to Common Stockholders
$
48,259

 
$
49,183

Acquisition and pursuit costs (1)
305

 
277

Lease intangible amortization (2)
84

 

Forfeited earnest money received

 
(466
)
Normalized FFO Attributable to Common Stockholders
$
48,648

 
$
48,994

Non-real estate depreciation and amortization
1,465

 
1,466

Provision for bad debt, net
(75
)
 

Straight-line rent, net
(270
)
 
(1,330
)
Stock-based compensation
2,639

 
2,822

Normalized FFO adjusted for non-cash items
$
52,407

 
$
51,952

2nd generation TI
(4,326
)
 
(5,867
)
Leasing commissions paid
(1,483
)
 
(1,851
)
Capital additions
(3,462
)
 
(4,184
)
FAD
$
43,136

 
$
40,050

FFO per Common Share—Diluted
$
0.39

 
$
0.40

Normalized FFO per Common Share—Diluted
$
0.39

 
$
0.40

FFO weighted average common shares outstanding - Diluted (3)
124,928

 
123,984

_____
(1)
Acquisition and pursuit costs include third party and travel costs related to the pursuit of acquisitions and developments.
(2)
The Company adopted the 2018 NAREIT FFO White Paper Restatement during the first quarter of 2019. This amended definition specifically includes the impact of acquisition related market lease intangible amortization in the calculation of NAREIT FFO.  The Company historically included this amortization in the real estate depreciation and amortization line item which is added back in the calculation of NAREIT FFO.  Prior periods were not restated for the adoption.
(3)
Diluted weighted average common shares outstanding for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 includes the dilutive effect of nonvested share-based awards outstanding of 696,432 and 635,872 respectively.

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Cash Net Operating Income ("NOI") and Same Store Cash NOI
Cash NOI and Same Store Cash NOI are key performance indicators. Management considers these to be supplemental measures that allow investors, analysts and Company management to measure unlevered property-level operating results. The Company defines Cash NOI as rental income and property lease guaranty income less property operating expenses. Cash NOI excludes non-cash items such as above and below market lease intangibles, straight-line rent, lease inducements, lease terminations, tenant improvement amortization and leasing commission amortization. Cash NOI is historical and not necessarily indicative of future results.
Same Store Cash NOI compares Cash NOI for stabilized properties. Stabilized properties are properties that have been included in operations for the duration of the year-over-year comparison period presented and include redevelopment projects. Accordingly, stabilized properties exclude properties that were recently acquired or disposed of, properties classified as held for sale, and development conversions. In addition, the Company typically excludes properties that meet any of the following Company-defined criteria to be included in the reposition property group:

Properties having less than 60% occupancy that is expected to last at least two quarters;
Properties that experience a loss of occupancy over 30% in a single quarter; or
Properties with negative net operating income that is expected to last at least two quarters.

Any recently acquired property will be included in the same store pool once the Company has owned the property for eight full quarters. Development properties will be included in the same store pool eight full quarters after substantial completion. Any additional square footage created by redevelopment projects at a same store property is included in the same store pool immediately upon completion. Any property included in the reposition property group will be included in the same store analysis once occupancy has increased to 60% or greater with positive net operating income and has remained at that level for eight full quarters.The following table reflects the Company's same store cash NOI for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018.
 
 
 
 
 
Same Store Cash NOI for the
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
(Dollars in thousands)
Number of Properties
 
Gross Investment at March 31, 2019
 
2019
 
2018
Multi-tenant Properties
150

 
$
2,894,291

 
$
53,105

 
$
50,792

Single-tenant Net Lease Properties
14

 
463,261

 
10,378

 
10,182

Total
164

 
$
3,357,552

 
$
63,483

 
$
60,974


The following tables reconcile net income to same store NOI and the same store property count to the total owned real estate portfolio for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018:
Reconciliation of Same Store Cash NOI:
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
(Dollars in thousands)
2019
 
2018
Net income
$
4,891

 
$
9,180

Other (income) expense
13,564

 
12,175

General and administrative expense
8,510

 
9,101

Depreciation and amortization expense
42,662

 
39,573

Other expenses (1)
2,159

 
1,968

Straight-line rent revenue
(668
)
 
(1,722
)
Other revenue (2)
(1,350
)
 
(1,438
)
Cash NOI
69,768

 
68,837

Cash NOI not included in same store
(6,285
)
 
(7,863
)
Same store cash NOI
$
63,483

 
$
60,974

_____
(1)
Includes acquisition and pursuit costs, bad debt, above and below market ground lease intangible amortization, leasing commission amortization and ground lease straight-line rent expense.
(2)
Includes management fee income, interest, mortgage interest income, above and below market lease intangible amortization, lease inducement amortization, lease terminations and tenant improvement overage amortization.

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Table of Contents

Reconciliation of Same Store Property Count:
 
Property Count as of March 31, 2019
Same Store Properties
164

Acquisitions
24

Development Conversion
1

Reposition
12

Total Owned Real Estate Properties
201


Results of Operations
Three Months Ended March 31, 2019 Compared to Three Months Ended March 31, 2018
The Company’s results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2019 compared to the same period in 2018 were impacted by acquisitions, developments, dispositions, gains, impairments recorded and capital markets transactions.

Revenues
Total revenues increased $0.5 million, or 0.5%, to approximately $112.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 compared to $112.1 million in the prior year period. This increase is comprised of the following: