Company Quick10K Filing
Quick10K
ICU Medical
Closing Price ($) Shares Out (MM) Market Cap ($MM)
$230.53 21 $4,750
10-Q 2019-03-31 Quarter: 2019-03-31
10-K 2018-12-31 Annual: 2018-12-31
10-Q 2018-09-30 Quarter: 2018-09-30
10-Q 2018-06-30 Quarter: 2018-06-30
10-Q 2018-03-31 Quarter: 2018-03-31
10-K 2017-12-31 Annual: 2017-12-31
10-Q 2017-09-30 Quarter: 2017-09-30
10-Q 2017-06-30 Quarter: 2017-06-30
10-Q 2017-03-31 Quarter: 2017-03-31
10-K 2016-12-31 Annual: 2016-12-31
10-Q 2016-09-30 Quarter: 2016-09-30
10-Q 2016-06-30 Quarter: 2016-06-30
10-Q 2016-03-31 Quarter: 2016-03-31
10-K 2015-12-31 Annual: 2015-12-31
10-Q 2015-09-30 Quarter: 2015-09-30
10-Q 2015-06-30 Quarter: 2015-06-30
10-Q 2015-03-31 Quarter: 2015-03-31
10-K 2014-12-31 Annual: 2014-12-31
10-Q 2014-09-30 Quarter: 2014-09-30
10-Q 2014-06-30 Quarter: 2014-06-30
10-Q 2014-03-31 Quarter: 2014-03-31
10-K 2013-12-31 Annual: 2013-12-31
8-K 2019-05-16 Shareholder Vote
8-K 2019-05-09 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2019-04-05 Officers
8-K 2018-11-15 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-11-08 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-08-09 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-05-15 Officers, Shareholder Vote
8-K 2018-05-09 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-03-01 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-01-05 Officers
AES AES 10,700
IPHI Inphi 2,280
IVR Invesco Mortgage Capital 2,070
AGI Alamos Gold 1,780
NNA Navios Maritime Acquisition 96
EVSI Envision Solar 26
SAEX Saexploration Holdings 13
NVMM Novume Solutions 0
ABVC American Brivision 0
IBKR Interactive Brokers Group 0
ICUI 2019-03-31
Part I - Financial Information
Note 1: Basis of Presentation
Note 2: New Accounting Pronouncements
Note 3: Strategic Transaction and Integration Expenses
Note 4: Restructuring Charges
Note 5: Revenue
Note 6: Leases
Note 7: Net Income (Loss) per Share
Note 8: Derivatives and Hedging Activities
Note 9: Fair Value Measurement
Note 10: Investment Securities
Note 11: Prepaid Expenses, Other Current Assets
Note 12: Inventories
Note 13: Property and Equipment
Note 14: Goodwill and Intangible Assets, Net
Note 15: Accrued Liabilities and Other Long-Term Liabilities
Note 16: Income Taxes
Note 17: Long-Term Obligations
Note 18: Stockholders' Equity
Note 19: Commitments and Contingencies
Note 20: Collaborative and Other Arrangements
Note 21: Acquisitions
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Part II - Other Information
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Item 6. Exhibits
EX-10.1 icui-ex101.htm
EX-31.1 icui-ex311.htm
EX-31.2 icui-ex312.htm
EX-32.1 icui-ex321.htm

ICU Medical Earnings 2019-03-31

ICUI 10Q Quarterly Report

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow

10-Q 1 icui0331201910-q.htm 10-Q Document
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
 FORM 10-Q
x
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 For the quarterly period ended: March 31, 2019
 Or
o
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the transition period from:              to
 
Commission File No.: 001-34634
 ICU MEDICAL, INC.
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Delaware
 
33-0022692
(State or other jurisdiction of
 
(I.R.S. Employer
incorporation or organization)
 
Identification No.)
951 Calle Amanecer, San Clemente, California
 
92673
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
 (949) 366-2183
(Registrant’s telephone number including area code)
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes x  No o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).  Yes x  No o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
Large accelerated filer x
 
Accelerated filer o
 
 
 
Non-accelerated filer o
 
Smaller reporting company o
 
 
 
 
 
Emerging growth company o

 If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.    o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act):  Yes o No x

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
Trading Symbol
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common stock, par value $0.10 per share
ICUI
The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC
(Global Select Market)

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date:
 
Class
 
Outstanding at April 30, 2019
Common
 
20,614,407



ICU MEDICAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Form 10-Q
March 31, 2019

Table of Contents
PART I.
Financial Information
 
Page Number
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
Financial Statements (Unaudited)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets, at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2019 and 2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2019 and 2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders' Equity for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2019 and 2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2019 and 2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2.
 
 
 
 
 
Item 3.
 
 
 
 
 
Item 4.
 
 
 
 
 
PART II.
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
 
 
Item1A.
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2.
 
 
 
 
 
Item 6.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


2


PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item1.
Financial Statements (Unaudited)

ICU MEDICAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands, except par value data) 
 
March 31,
2019
 
December 31,
2018
 
(Unaudited)
 
(1)
ASSETS
 
 
 
CURRENT ASSETS:
 

 
 

Cash and cash equivalents
$
296,044

 
$
344,781

Short-term investment securities
17,214

 
37,329

TOTAL CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS AND INVESTMENT SECURITIES
313,258

 
382,110

Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $7,852 at March 31, 2019 and $5,768 at December 31, 2018
238,069

 
176,298

Inventories
321,747

 
311,163

Prepaid income tax
17,523

 
11,348

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
29,910

 
46,117

TOTAL CURRENT ASSETS
920,507

 
927,036

 
 
 
 
PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT, net
432,938

 
432,641

OPERATING LEASE RIGHT-OF-USE ASSETS
38,365

 

LONG-TERM INVESTMENT SECURITIES
2,021

 
2,025

GOODWILL
11,241

 
11,195

INTANGIBLE ASSETS, net
131,053

 
133,421

DEFERRED INCOME TAXES
33,396

 
38,654

OTHER ASSETS
43,750

 
40,419

TOTAL ASSETS
$
1,613,271

 
$
1,585,391

 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 

 
 

CURRENT LIABILITIES:
 

 
 

Accounts payable
$
133,542

 
$
120,469

Accrued liabilities
104,865

 
128,820

TOTAL CURRENT LIABILITIES
238,407

 
249,289

 
 
 
 
CONTINGENT EARN-OUT LIABILITY
39,700

 
47,400

OTHER LONG-TERM LIABILITIES
48,010

 
20,592

DEFERRED INCOME TAXES
726

 
721

INCOME TAX LIABILITY
3,734

 
3,734

COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES (Note 19)

 

STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY:
 

 
 

Convertible preferred stock, $1.00 par value Authorized—500 shares; Issued and outstanding— none

 

Common stock, $0.10 par value — Authorized, 80,000 shares; Issued 20,668 shares at March 31, 2019 and 20,492 shares at December 31, 2018 and outstanding 20,612 shares at March 31, 2019 and 20,491 shares at December 31, 2018
2,067

 
2,049

Additional paid-in capital
659,819

 
657,899

Treasury stock, at cost
(13,056
)
 
(95
)
Retained earnings
651,745

 
620,747

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(17,881
)
 
(16,945
)
TOTAL STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
1,282,694

 
1,263,655

TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
$
1,613,271

 
$
1,585,391

______________________________________________________
(1) December 31, 2018 balances were derived from audited consolidated financial statements.
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

3


ICU MEDICAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (Unaudited)
(In thousands, except per share data)
 
 
Three months ended
March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
TOTAL REVENUES
$
330,932

 
$
372,033

COST OF GOODS SOLD
195,629

 
223,032

GROSS PROFIT
135,303

 
149,001

OPERATING EXPENSES:
 
 
 
Selling, general and administrative
72,633

 
85,015

Research and development
12,823

 
12,586

Restructuring, strategic transaction and integration
24,392

 
21,569

Change in fair value of contingent earn-out
(7,700
)
 
(4,000
)
Contract settlement
2,783

 
28,917

TOTAL OPERATING EXPENSES
104,931

 
144,087

INCOME FROM OPERATIONS
30,372

 
4,914

INTEREST EXPENSE
(133
)
 
(135
)
OTHER INCOME (EXPENSE), net
3,191

 
(956
)
INCOME BEFORE INCOME TAXES
33,430

 
3,823

(PROVISION) BENEFIT FOR INCOME TAXES
(2,432
)
 
1,052

NET INCOME
$
30,998

 
$
4,875

NET INCOME PER SHARE
 
 
 
Basic
$
1.51

 
$
0.24

Diluted
$
1.44

 
$
0.23

WEIGHTED AVERAGE NUMBER OF SHARES
 
 
 
Basic
20,527

 
20,255

Diluted
21,551

 
21,400

 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

4


ICU MEDICAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (Unaudited)
(In thousands)
 
 
Three months ended
March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
NET INCOME
$
30,998

 
$
4,875

Other comprehensive (loss) income, net of tax:
 
 
 
Cash flow hedge adjustments, net of taxes of $205 and $573 for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively
650

 
1,814

Foreign currency translation adjustment, net of taxes of $0 for all periods
(1,592
)
 
15,397

Other adjustments, net of taxes of $0 for all periods
6

 
2

Other comprehensive (loss) income, net of taxes
(936
)
 
17,213

TOTAL COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
$
30,062

 
$
22,088

 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.


5


ICU MEDICAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(Amounts in thousands)

 
 
Common Stock
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Accumulated
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Additional
 
 
 
 
 
Other
 
 
 
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
Paid-In
Capital
 
Treasury
Stock
 
Retained
Earnings
 
Comprehensive
Loss
 
Total
Balance, January 1, 2019
 
20,492

 
$
2,049

 
$
657,899

 
$
(95
)
 
$
620,747

 
$
(16,945
)
 
$
1,263,655

Issuance of restricted stock and exercise of stock options
 
254

 
18

 
(4,289
)
 
5,196

 

 

 
925

Tax withholding payments related to net share settlement of equity awards
 
(78
)
 

 

 
(18,157
)
 

 

 
(18,157
)
Stock compensation
 

 

 
6,209

 

 

 

 
6,209

Other comprehensive loss, net of tax
 

 

 

 

 

 
(936
)
 
(936
)
Net income
 

 

 

 

 
30,998

 

 
30,998

Balance, March 31, 2019
 
20,668

 
$
2,067

 
$
659,819

 
$
(13,056
)
 
$
651,745

 
$
(17,881
)
 
$
1,282,694


 
 
Common Stock
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Accumulated
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Additional
 
 
 
 
 
Other
 
 
 
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
Paid-In
Capital
 
Treasury
Stock
 
Retained
Earnings
 
Comprehensive
(Loss) Income
 
Total
Balance, January 1, 2018
 
20,210

 
$
2,021

 
$
625,568

 
$

 
$
585,624

 
$
(14,959
)
 
$
1,198,254

Cumulative effect of accounting change
 

 

 

 

 
6,330

 

 
6,330

Issuance of restricted stock and exercise of stock options
 
130

 
11

 
982

 
2,162

 

 

 
3,155

Tax withholding payments related to net share settlement of equity awards
 
(23
)
 

 

 
(5,338
)
 

 

 
(5,338
)
Stock compensation
 

 

 
5,462

 

 

 

 
5,462

Other comprehensive income, net of tax
 

 

 

 

 

 
17,213

 
17,213

Net income
 

 

 

 

 
4,875

 

 
4,875

Balance, March 31, 2018
 
20,317

 
$
2,032

 
$
632,012

 
$
(3,176
)
 
$
596,829

 
$
2,254

 
$
1,229,951



6


ICU MEDICAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Unaudited)
(In thousands)
 
 
Three months ended
March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:
 

 
 

Net income
$
30,998

 
$
4,875

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash used in operating activities:
 

 
 
Depreciation and amortization
19,074

 
18,304

Provision for doubtful accounts
2,096

 
448

Provision for warranty and returns
2,692

 
367

Stock compensation
6,209

 
5,462

Loss on disposal of property and equipment and other assets
12,682

 
53

Bond premium amortization
28

 
142

Debt issuance costs amortization
72

 
72

Change in fair value of contingent earn-out
(7,700
)
 
(4,000
)
Impairment of assets held for sale

 
269

Write-off of acquired intangible

 
5,000

Other
4,371

 
4,783

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 

 
 
Accounts receivable
(49,534
)
 
(11,901
)
Inventories
(11,968
)
 
10,942

Prepaid expenses and other assets
10,319

 
3,569

Related-party receivables

 
(32,779
)
Other assets
(7,542
)
 
(2,348
)
Accounts payable
3,075

 
8,737

Accrued liabilities
(34,814
)
 
(29,455
)
Income taxes, including excess tax benefits and deferred income taxes
(1,068
)
 
(3,272
)
Net cash used in operating activities
(21,010
)
 
(20,732
)
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:
 

 
 

Purchases of property and equipment
(28,671
)
 
(26,544
)
Proceeds from sale of assets held-for-sale, net

 
13,000

Proceeds from sale of asset
16

 

Intangible asset additions
(1,949
)
 
(1,899
)
Purchases of investment securities
(4,409
)
 
(4,478
)
Proceeds from sale of investment securities
24,500

 
4,900

Net cash used in investing activities
(10,513
)
 
(15,021
)
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
 

 
 

Proceeds from exercise of stock options
925

 
3,155

Tax withholding payments related to net share settlement of equity awards
(18,157
)
 
(5,338
)
Net cash used in financing activities
(17,232
)
 
(2,183
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash
18

 
2,400

NET DECREASE CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS
(48,737
)
 
(35,536
)
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, beginning of period
344,781

 
290,072

CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, end of period
$
296,044

 
$
254,536

 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.


7


ICU MEDICAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS - CONTINUED
(In thousands)

 
Three months ended
March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURE OF NON-CASH INVESTING ACTIVITIES:
 
 
 
  Accounts payable for property and equipment
$
13,131

 
$
280


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

8

ICU MEDICAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)



Note 1:
Basis of Presentation
 
The accompanying unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("U.S.") and pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) and reflect all adjustments, consisting of only normal recurring adjustments, which are, in the opinion of management, necessary for a fair statement of the consolidated results for the interim periods presented. Results for the interim period are not necessarily indicative of results for the full year. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in annual consolidated financial statements prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations. The condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Annual Report on Form 10-K of ICU Medical, Inc., ("ICU") a Delaware corporation, filed with the SEC for the year ended December 31, 2018.
 
We are engaged in the development, manufacturing and sale of innovative medical products used in vascular therapy, and critical care applications.  We sell the majority of our products through our direct sales force and through independent distributors throughout the U. S. and internationally.  Additionally, we sell our products on an original equipment manufacturer basis to other medical device manufacturers. All subsidiaries are wholly owned and are included in the condensed consolidated financial statements.  All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated.

Certain reclassifications have been made to prior year financial statements to conform to classifications used in the current year. These reclassifications had no impact on net income, stockholders' equity or cash flows as previously reported. The reclassifications included reporting foreign exchange gains and losses in other income (expense), net, and removing them from selling, general and administrative expenses. We reclassified related-party receivables to prepaid expenses and other current assets for the current year's presentation, as Pfizer, Inc. ("Pfizer") had sold all of its shares of ICU common stock as of December 31, 2018, thereby ending the related-party relationship with ICU. We reclassified operating cash outflows due to the purchase of spare parts. These operating cash outflows were previously included as an adjustment to reconcile net income to net cash provided by (used in ) operating activities-other and are now presented as changes in operating assets and liabilities-other assets.

Note 2:    New Accounting Pronouncements

Recently Adopted Accounting Standards

In February 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standard Update ("ASU") No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842). The amendments in this update require an entity to recognize a right-of-use asset and lease liability for all leases with terms of more than 12 months. Recognition, measurement and presentation of expenses will depend on classification as finance or operating lease. The amendments also require certain quantitative and qualitative disclosures about leasing arrangements. The updated guidance required a modified retrospective adoption. In July 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-11, Targeted Improvements. The amendments in this update provides entities with an additional (and optional) transition method to adopt the new lease requirements by allowing entities to initially apply the requirements by recognizing a cumulative-effect adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings in the period of adoption. The amendments in this update also provided lessors with a practical expedient, by class of underlying asset, to not separate nonlease components from the associated lease contract. This expedient is limited to circumstances in which the nonlease components otherwise would be accounted for under the new revenue guidance and both (1) the timing and pattern of transfer are the same for the nonlease components and associated lease component and (2) the lease component, if accounted for separately, would be classified as an operating lease. If the lessor uses this practical expedient they would account for the lease contract in accordance with Topic 606 if the nonlease component is the predominant component otherwise, the lessor should account for the combined component as an operating lease in accordance with Topic 842. In July 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-10, Codification Improvements to Topic 842, Leases. This ASU clarifies certain language in ASU 2016-02 and corrects certain references and inconsistencies. We adopted these standards effective January 1, 2019. See Note 6, Leases for a discussion of the impact and required disclosures.

Recently Issued Accounting Standards

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-15, Intangibles-Goodwill and Other-Internal-Use Software (Topic 350): Customer's Accounting for Implementation Costs Incurred in a Cloud Computing Arrangement That Is a Service

9

ICU MEDICAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

Contract. The amendments in this update align the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred in a hosting arrangement that is a service contract with the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred to develop or obtain internal-use software and hosting arrangements that include an internal use software license. Costs to develop or obtain internal-use software that cannot be capitalized under subtopic 350-40, such as training costs and certain data conversion costs, also cannot be capitalized for a hosting arrangement that is a service contract. Therefore, an entity in a hosting arrangement that is a service contract determines which project stage (that is, preliminary project stage, application development stage, or post-implementation stage) an implementation activity relates to. Costs for implementation activities in the application development stage are capitalized depending on the nature of the costs, while costs incurred during the preliminary project and post-implementation stages are expensed as the activities are performed. The amendments in this update require the entity to expense the capitalized implementation costs of a hosting arrangement that is a service contract over the term of the hosting arrangement. The amendments in this update are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, and interim periods within those fiscal years. The amendments in this update should be applied either retrospectively or prospectively to all implementation costs incurred after the date of adoption. We are currently evaluating the impact of this ASU on the consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.
    
In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-13, Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Disclosure Framework - Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement. The amendments in this update modify the disclosure requirements in Topic 820. The amendments remove from disclosure: the amount of and reasons for transfers between Level 1 and Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy; the policy for timing of transfers between levels; and the valuation processes for Level 3 fair value measurements. The amendments also made the following disclosure modifications: for investments in certain entities that calculate net asset value, an entity is required to disclose the timing of liquidation of an investee’s assets and the date when restrictions from redemption might lapse only if the investee has communicated the timing to the entity or announced the timing publicly; and the amendments clarify that the measurement uncertainty disclosure is to communicate information about the uncertainty in measurement as of the reporting date. The amendments also added the following disclosure requirements: the changes in unrealized gains and losses for the period included in other comprehensive income for recurring Level 3 fair value measurements held at the end of the reporting period; and the range and weighted average of significant unobservable inputs used to develop Level 3 fair value measurements. For certain unobservable inputs, an entity may disclose other quantitative information (such as the median or arithmetic average) in lieu of the weighted average if the entity determines that other quantitative information would be a more reasonable and rational method to reflect the distribution of unobservable inputs used to develop Level 3 fair value measurements. The amendments in ASU 2018-02 are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019. Early adoption is permitted. We are currently evaluating the impact of this ASU on the consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.    

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-04, Intangibles-Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment. The amendments in this update remove the second step of the impairment test. An entity will apply a one-step quantitative test and record the amount of goodwill impairment as the excess of a reporting unit's carrying amount over its fair value, not to exceed the total amount of goodwill allocated to the reporting unit. The new guidance does not amend the optional qualitative assessment of goodwill impairment. The amendments in ASU 2017-04 are effective for the annual or interim impairment test in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019. Early adoption is permitted for interim or annual goodwill impairment tests performed on testing dates after January 1, 2017. This ASU is not expected to have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements or related footnote disclosures.
    
In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments-Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments. This update amends the FASB's guidance on the impairment of financial instruments by requiring timelier recording of credit losses on loans and other financial instruments. The ASU adds an impairment model that is based on expected losses rather than incurred losses. The ASU also amends the accounting for credit losses on available-for-sale debt securities and purchased financial assets with credit deterioration. The amendments in this update will be effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019. Early adoption is permitted as of the fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018. The updated guidance requires a modified retrospective adoption. We are currently evaluating the impact of this ASU on the consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.     
    
Note 3: Strategic Transaction and Integration Expenses

We incurred and expensed $23.6 million and $19.8 million in transaction and integration expenses during the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, primarily related to the integration of the Hospira Infusion Systems ("HIS") business acquired in 2017 from Pfizer.



10

ICU MEDICAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

Note 4: Restructuring Charges

During the three months ended March 31, 2019, restructuring charges included severance costs related to involuntary employee terminations. The charges are primarily related to our continued integration of our HIS business acquired in 2017. The cumulative amount incurred to date in connection with the HIS acquisition is $23.9 million. Restructuring charges are included in the restructuring, strategic transaction and integration line item in our condensed consolidated statement of operations.

During the year ended December 31, 2015, we incurred restructuring charges related to an agreement with Dr. Lopez, a member of our Board of Directors and a former employee in our research and development department, pursuant to which we bought out Dr. Lopez's right to employment under his then-existing employment agreement. The buy-out, including payroll taxes, is paid in equal monthly installments until December 2020.
    
The following table summarizes the details of changes in our restructuring-related accrual for the period ended March 31, 2019 (in thousands):

 
Accrued Balance January 1, 2019
 
Charges
Incurred
 
Payments
 
Other Adjustments
 
Accrued Balance
March 31, 2019
Severance pay and benefits
$
677

 
$
756

 
$
(671
)
 
$

 
$
762

Employment agreement buyout
739

 

 
(96
)
 

 
643

 
$
1,416

 
$
756

 
$
(767
)
 
$

 
$
1,405


Note 5: Revenue

Our primary product lines are Infusion Consumables, IV Solutions, Infusion Systems and Critical Care. The vast majority of our sales of these products are made on a stand-alone basis to hospitals and distributors. Revenue is typically recognized upon transfer of control of the products, which we deem to be at point of shipment.

For certain Infusion Systems agreements, our customers are provided the right to use our systems hardware upon entering into agreements to purchase specified amounts of consumables. Revenues from these agreements are presented in product revenue on our condensed consolidated statements of operation.

Payment is typically due in full within 30 days of delivery or the start of the contract term. Revenue is recorded in an amount that reflects the consideration we expect to be entitled to in exchange for those goods or services. We offer certain volume-based rebates to our distribution customers, which we record as variable consideration when calculating the transaction price. Rebates are offered on both a fixed and tiered/variable basis. In both cases, we use information available at the time and our historical experience with each customer to estimate the most likely rebate amount.

We also warrant products against defects and have a policy permitting the return of defective products, for which we accrue and expense at the time of sale using information available and our historical experience. We also provide for extended service-type warranties, which we consider to be separate performance obligations. We allocate a portion of the transaction price to the extended service-type warranty based on its estimated relative selling price, and recognize revenue over the period the warranty service is provided.


11

ICU MEDICAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

Revenue disaggregated
    
The following table represents our revenues disaggregated by geography (in thousands):

 
For the three months
ended March 31,
Geography
2019
 
2018
Europe, the Middle East and Africa
$
32,378

 
$
39,524

Other Foreign
51,361

 
50,932

Total Foreign
83,739

 
90,456

United States
247,193

 
281,577

Total Revenues
$
330,932

 
$
372,033

    
    
The following table represents our revenues disaggregated by product (in thousands):

 
For the three months ended
March 31,
Product line
2019
 
2018
Infusion Consumables
$
120,580

 
$
119,911

IV Solutions
113,182

 
144,440

Infusion Systems (1)
84,282

 
93,439

Critical Care
12,888

 
14,234

Total Revenues
$
330,932

 
$
372,033


Contract balances

The following table presents our changes in the contract balances for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 (in thousands):
 
Contract Liabilities
Beginning balance, January 1, 2019
$
(4,282
)
Equipment revenue recognized
448

Equipment revenue deferred due to implementation
(1,343
)
Software revenue recognized
345

Software revenue deferred due to implementation
(1,593
)
Ending balance, March 31, 2019
$
(6,425
)
 
 
Beginning balance, January 1, 2018
$
(7,066
)
Equipment revenue recognized
288

Equipment revenue deferred due to implementation
(1,558
)
Software revenue recognized
655

Software revenue deferred due to implementation
(4,080
)
Ending balance, March 31, 2018
$
(11,761
)
    
As of March 31, 2019, revenue from remaining performance obligations related to implementation of software and equipment is $4.9 million. We expect to recognize substantially all of this revenue within the next three months. Revenue from remaining performance obligations related to annual software licenses is $1.5 million. We expect to recognize substantially all of this revenue over the next twelve months.


12

ICU MEDICAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

Note 6: Leases

Adoption of ASC Topic 842, "Lease Accounting"

We adopted ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (ASC Topic 842), effective January 1, 2019 on a modified retrospective transition method through a cumulative-effect adjustment at the beginning of the first quarter of 2019. We elected the 'package of practical expedients', which permitted us not to reassess our prior conclusions about lease identification, lease classification and initial direct costs. We did not elect the use-of-hindsight or the practical expedient pertaining to land easements; the latter not being applicable to us. We elected the short-term lease recognition exemption for all leases that qualify. This means, for those leases that qualify, we did not recognize right-of-use ("ROU") assets or lease liabilities, and this includes not recognizing ROU assets or lease liabilities for existing short-term leases of those assets in transition. Furthermore, we elected the practical expedient to not separate lease and non-lease components for all of our leases, non-lease components are primarily common area maintenance charges that we combine with the lease component when applying this ASU. The impact of adopting this standard was the recognition of ROU assets and lease liabilities for our operating leases of $40.4 million as of January 1, 2019.

The adoption of ASU Topic 842 requires us to classify certain Infusion Systems agreements as sales-type leases and thus accelerate hardware revenue and cost recognition at the time of instrument placement. We did not change the historical lease classification for placements prior to January 1, 2019, therefore this change will apply to certain new placements beginning on January 1, 2019. Under prior lease guidance ASC 840, certain Infusion Systems hardware placed with customers were classified as operating leases and hardware revenue and cost was recognized over the term of the agreement. The adoption of ASC 842 did not have a material impact on our consolidated earnings and had no impact on cash flows for the three months ended March 31, 2019.

Leases

We determine if an arrangement is a lease at inception. Most operating leases with a term greater than one-year are included in operating lease right-of-use assets, accrued liabilities, and other long-term liabilities on our condensed consolidated balance sheets.

Operating lease ROU assets and operating lease liabilities are recognized based on the present value of the future minimum lease payments over the lease term at commencement date. Most of our leases do not provide an implicit rate, therefore we use our incremental borrowing rate, which is the rate incurred to borrow on a collateralized basis over a similar term based on the information available at commencement date. The operating lease ROU asset excludes lease incentives and initial direct costs incurred. Our lease terms include options to extend when it is reasonably certain that we will exercise that option. All of our operating leases have stated lease payments, which may include fixed rental increases. Lease expense for minimum lease payments is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term.
    
We have operating leases for corporate offices, sales and support offices, device service centers and certain equipment. Our leases have original lease terms of one year to fifteen years, some of which include options to extend the leases for up to an additional five years. For all of our leases, we do not include optional periods of extension in our current lease terms for the exercise of options to extend is not reasonably certain.    
    
The following table presents the components of our lease cost (in thousands):
 
 
For the three months
ended March 31, 2019
Operating lease cost
 
$
2,430

 
 
 
Short-term lease cost
 
96

 
 
 
Total lease cost
 
$
2,526

    
The following table presents the supplemental cash flow information related to our leases (in thousands):

13

ICU MEDICAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

 
 
For the three months
ended March 31, 2019
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities:
 
 
Operating cash flows from operating leases
 
$
2,219

 
 
 
Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for lease obligations:
 
 
Operating leases
 
$
98

    
    

14

ICU MEDICAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

The following table presents the supplemental balance sheet information related to our leases (in thousands, except lease term and discount rate):
 
 
As of March 31, 2019
Operating leases
 
 
Operating lease right-of-use assets
 
$
38,365

 
 
 
Accrued liabilities
 
$
7,966

Other long-term liabilities
 
30,640

Total operating lease liabilities
 
$
38,606

 
 
 
Weighted Average Remaining Lease Term
 
 
Operating leases
 
6.0 years

 
 
 
Weighted Average Discount Rate
 
 
Operating leases
 
5.57
%
        
As of March 31, 2019, the maturities of our lease liabilities for each of the next five years is approximately (in thousands):
 
Operating Leases
Remainder of 2019
$
6,018

2020
8,713

2021
6,391

2022
5,955

2023
5,795

Thereafter
13,390

Total Lease Payments
46,262

Less imputed interest
(7,656
)
Total
$
38,606


As of December 31, 2018, the maturities of our operating lease liabilities for each of the next five years were approximately (in thousands):
 
Operating Leases
2019
$
8,326

2020
8,572

2021
6,489

2022
5,914

2023
5,615

Thereafter
13,235

Total Lease Payments(1)
$
48,151

______________________________
(1)The lease payment maturities as of December 31, 2018 are not calculated at present value.

Note 7:     Net Income (Loss) Per Share
 
Basic earnings (loss) per share is computed by dividing net income by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing net income by the weighted-average

15

ICU MEDICAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

number of common shares outstanding during the period plus dilutive securities. Dilutive securities include outstanding common stock options and unvested restricted stock units, less the number of shares that could have been purchased with the proceeds from the exercise of the options, using the treasury stock method. Options that are anti-dilutive, where their exercise price exceeds the average market price of the common stock are not included in the treasury stock method calculation. There were 9,998 and 24,781 anti-dilutive securities for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

The following table presents the calculation of net earnings per common share (“EPS”) — basic and diluted (in thousands, except per share data): 
 
Three months ended
March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
Net income
$
30,998

 
$
4,875

Weighted-average number of common shares outstanding (for basic calculation)
20,527

 
20,255

Dilutive securities
1,024

 
1,145

Weighted-average common and common equivalent shares outstanding (for diluted calculation)
21,551


21,400

EPS — basic
$
1.51

 
$
0.24

EPS — diluted
$
1.44

 
$
0.23


Note 8:    Derivatives and Hedging Activities

Hedge Accounting and Hedging Program

The purpose of our hedging program is to manage the foreign currency exchange rate risk on forecasted expenses denominated in currencies other than the functional currency of the operating unit. We do not issue derivatives for trading or speculative purposes.

In May 2017, we entered into a two-year cross-currency par forward contract to hedge a portion of our Mexico forecasted expenses denominated in Pesos ("MXN"). To receive hedge accounting treatment, all hedging relationships are formally documented at the inception of the hedge, and the hedges must be highly effective in offsetting changes to future cash flows on hedged transactions. The par forward contract is designated and qualifies as a cash flow hedge. Our derivative instrument is recorded at fair value on the condensed consolidated balance sheets and is classified based on the instrument's maturity date. We record changes in the intrinsic value of the effective portion of the gain or loss on the derivative instrument as a component of Other Comprehensive Income and we reclassify that gain or loss into earnings in the same line item associated with the forecasted transaction and in the same period during which the hedged transaction affects earnings. The total notional amount of our outstanding derivative as of March 31, 2019 was approximately 60.0 million MXN. The term of our currency forward contract is May 1, 2017 to May 1, 2019. The derivative instrument matures in equal monthly amounts at a fixed forward rate of 20.01MXN/USD over the term of the two-year contract.

In January 2018, we entered into an additional six-month cross-currency par forward contract that extends our current hedge of a portion of our Mexico forecasted expenses denominated in MXN. The total notional amount of this outstanding derivative as of March 31, 2019 was approximately 183.9 million MXN. The term of the six-month contract is May 1, 2019 to November 1, 2019. The derivative instrument matures in equal monthly amounts at a fixed forward rate of 20.43 MXN/USD over the term of the six-month contract.

In November 2018, we entered into a one-year cross-currency par forward contract again extending the hedge of a portion of our Mexico forecasted expenses denominated in MXN. The total notional amount of this outstanding derivative as of March 31, 2019 was approximately 398.0 million MXN. The term of the one-year hedge is November 1, 2019 to November 3, 2020. The derivative instrument matures in equal monthly amounts at a fixed forward rate of 22.109 MXN/USD.
    
    

16

ICU MEDICAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

The following table presents the fair values of our derivative instruments included within the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018 (in thousands):

 
Derivatives
 
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet
Location
 
March 31, 2019
 
December 31,
2018
Derivatives designated as cash flow hedging instruments
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign exchange forward contract:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
 
$
874

 
$
187

 
Other assets
 
713

 
545

Total derivatives designated as cash flow hedging instruments
 
 
$
1,587

 
$
732


    
The following table presents the amounts affecting the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 (in thousands):

 
 
Line Item in the
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
 
Three months ended
March 31,
 
 
 
2019
 
2018
Derivatives designated as cash flow hedging instruments
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign exchange forward contracts
 
Cost of goods sold
 
$
155

 
$
235


We recognized the following gains on our foreign exchange contracts designated as a cash flow hedge (in thousands):

 
 
Amount of Gain Recognized in Other Comprehensive Income on Derivatives
 
Amount of Gain Reclassified From Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income into Income
 
 
Three months ended
March 31,
 
 
 
Three months ended
March 31,
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2019
 
2018
 
Location of Gain Reclassified From Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income into Income
 
2019
 
2018
Derivatives designated as cash flow hedges:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign exchange forward contract
 
$
1,010

 
$
2,622

 
Cost of goods sold
 
$
155

 
$
235

Total derivatives designated as cash flow hedging instruments
 
$
1,010

 
$
2,622

 
 
 
$
155

 
$
235


As of March 31, 2019, we expect approximately $0.9 million of the deferred gains on the outstanding derivatives in accumulated other comprehensive income to be reclassified to net income during the next 12 months concurrent with the underlying hedged transactions also being reported in net income.    

Note 9:    Fair Value Measurement
 
Fair value is the price that would be received from selling an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. There are three levels of inputs that may be used to measure fair value:


17

ICU MEDICAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

Level 1: quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities;
Level 2: inputs other than Level 1 that are observable, either directly or indirectly, such as quoted prices in active markets for similar assets or liabilities, quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active, or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities; or
Level 3: unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair values of the assets or liabilities.

In 2017, we acquired HIS from Pfizer, and as a result of the acquisition we recognized an earn-out liability. Pfizer may be entitled up to $225 million in cash if certain performance targets for the combined company for the three years ending December 31, 2019 are achieved. The initial value assigned to the contingent consideration was a result of forecasted product demand and operations of our HIS business. The initial fair value of the earn-out was determined by employing a Monte Carlo simulation in a risk neutral framework. The underlying simulated variable was adjusted EBITDA. The adjusted EBITDA volatility estimate was based on a study of historical asset volatility for a set of comparable public companies. The model includes other assumptions including the market price of risk, which was calculated as the weighted average cost of capital ("WACC") less the long-term risk free-rate. At each reporting date subsequent to the acquisition we re-measure the earn-out using the same methodology above and recognize any changes in value. If the probability of achieving the performance target significantly changes from what we initially anticipated, the change could have a significant impact on our financial statements in the period recognized. Our contingent earn-out liability is separately stated in our condensed consolidated balance sheets.

The following table provides a reconciliation of the Level 3 earn-out liability measured at estimated fair value as of December 31, 2018 to March 31, 2019 (in thousands):
 
 
Earn-out Liability
Accrued balance, January 1, 2019
 
$
47,400

Change in fair value of earn-out (included in income from operations as a separate line item)
 
(7,700
)
Accrued balance, March 31, 2019
 
$
39,700


The fair value of the earn-out at March 31, 2019 changed from the fair value calculated at December 31, 2018 due to a change in the underlying cumulative adjusted EBITDA forecast, and changes in certain assumptions used in the Monte Carlo simulation, as detailed in the below table.

The following table provides quantitative information about Level 3 inputs for fair value measurement of our earn-out liability as of December 31, 2018 and March 31, 2019. Significant increases or decreases in these inputs in isolation could result in a significant impact on our fair value measurement:
Simulation Input
 
As of
March 31, 2019
 
As of
December 31, 2018
Adjusted EBITDA Volatility
 
30.00
%
 
30.00
%
WACC
 
8.25
%
 
8.25
%
20-year risk free rate
 
2.63
%
 
2.87
%
Market price of risk
 
5.47
%
 
5.24
%
Cost of debt
 
4.35
%
 
5.25
%

The fair value of our investments is estimated using observable market based inputs such as quoted prices, interest rates and yield curves or Level 2 inputs, which consisted of corporate bonds.     

The fair value of our Level 2 forward currency contracts are estimated using observable market inputs such as known notional value amounts, spot and forward exchange rates. These inputs relate to liquid, heavily traded currencies with active markets which are available for the full term of the derivative.

There were no transfers between levels during the three months ended March 31, 2019.


18

ICU MEDICAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

Our assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis consisted of the following (Level 1, 2 and 3 inputs as defined above) (in thousands):
 
Fair value measurements at March 31, 2019
 
Total carrying
value
 
Quoted prices
in active
markets for
identical
assets (level 1)
 
Significant
other
observable
inputs (level 2)
 
Significant
unobservable
inputs (level 3)
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Available for sale securities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Short-term
$
17,214

 
$

 
$
17,214

 
$

Long-term
2,021

 

 
2,021

 

Foreign exchange forwards:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
874

 

 
874

 

Other assets
713

 

 
713

 

Total Assets
$
20,822

 
$

 
$
20,822

 
$

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earn-out liability
$
39,700

 
$

 
$

 
$
39,700

Total Liabilities
$
39,700

 
$

 
$

 
$
39,700


 
Fair value measurements at December 31, 2018
 
Total carrying
value
 
Quoted prices
in active
markets for
identical
assets (level 1)
 
Significant
other
observable
inputs (level 2)
 
Significant
unobservable
inputs (level 3)
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Available for sale securities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Short-term
$
37,329

 
$

 
$
37,329

 
$

Long-term
2,025

 

 
2,025

 

Foreign exchange forwards:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
187

 

 
187

 

Other assets
545

 

 
545

 

Total Assets
$
40,086

 
$

 
$
40,086

 
$

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earn-out liability
$
47,400

 
$

 
$

 
$
47,400

Total Liabilities
$
47,400

 
$

 
$

 
$
47,400

    
Note 10: Investment Securities

Our investment securities currently consist of short-term and long-term corporate bonds. Our investment securities are considered available-for-sale and are “investment grade” and carried at fair value. Available-for-sale securities are recorded at fair value, and unrealized holding gains and losses are recorded, net of tax, as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss). Unrealized losses on available-for-sale securities are charged against net earnings when a decline in fair value is determined to be other than temporary. Our management reviews several factors to determine whether a loss is other than temporary, such as the length and extent of the fair value decline, the financial condition and near term prospects of the issuer, and for equity investments, our intent and ability to hold the security for a period of time sufficient to allow for any anticipated recovery in fair value. The amortized cost of the debt securities are adjusted for the amortization of premiums computed under the effective interest method. Such amortization is included in investment income in other income on our condensed consolidated statements of operations. There have been no realized gains or losses on their disposal. Realized gains

19

ICU MEDICAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

and losses are accounted for on the specific identification method. The scheduled maturities of the debt securities are between 2019 and 2020. All short-term investment securities are all callable within one year.
    
Our short and long-term investment securities consisted of the following (in thousands):
 
As of March 31, 2019
 
Amortized Cost
 
Unrealized Holding Gains (Losses)
 
Fair Value
Short-term corporate bonds
$
17,214

 
$

 
$
17,214

Long-term corporate bonds
2,021

 

 
2,021

Total investment securities
$
19,235

 
$

 
$
19,235

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
As of December 31, 2018
 
Amortized Cost
 
Unrealized Holding Gains (Losses)
 
Fair Value
Short-term corporate bonds
$
37,329

 
$

 
$
37,329

Long-term corporate bonds
2,025

 

 
2,025

Total investment securities
$
39,354

 
$

 
$
39,354

    
Note 11:     Prepaid Expenses, Other Current Assets

Prepaid expenses and other current assets consist of the following (in thousands): 
 
 
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
Deposits
 
$
1,232

 
$
1,087

Other prepaid expenses and receivables
 
13,050

 
12,476

Receivables from Pfizer related to HIS business acquisition(1)
 

 
20,137

Deferred costs
 
3,655

 
1,951

Prepaid insurance and property taxes
 
3,070

 
2,666

VAT/GST receivable
 
5,207

 
5,072

Deferred tax charge
 
1,180

 
1,180

Other
 
2,516

 
1,548

 
 
$
29,910

 
$
46,117

______________________________
(1)As of December 31, 2018, Pfizer had sold all of its shares of ICU common stock thereby ending the related-party relationship with ICU. We reclassified the December 31, 2018 related-party receivable due from Pfizer to prepaid expenses, other current assets for current year presentation purposes.
    
Note 12: Inventories
 
Inventories consisted of the following (in thousands): 
 
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
Raw material
$
101,102

 
$
104,104

Work in process
57,337

 
52,909

Finished goods
163,308

 
154,150

Total inventories
$
321,747

 
$
311,163

 

20


Note 13:     Property and Equipment

Property and equipment consisted of the following (in thousands): 
 
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
Machinery and equipment
$
207,665

 
$
203,431

Land, building and building improvements
216,042

 
212,283

Molds
59,695

 
59,700

Computer equipment and software
81,834

 
80,420

Furniture and fixtures
7,410

 
7,409

Instruments placed with customers(1)
64,111

 
60,757

Construction in progress
73,182

 
70,864

Total property and equipment, cost
709,939

 
694,864

Accumulated depreciation
(277,001
)
 
(262,223
)
Property and equipment, net
$
432,938

 
$
432,641

______________________________
(1)Instruments placed with customers consist of drug-delivery and monitoring systems placed with customers under operating leases.

Depreciation expense was $15.1 million and $14.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.
    
Note 14: Goodwill and Intangible Assets, Net

Goodwill

The following table presents the changes in the carrying amount of our goodwill (in thousands):
 
 
Total
Balance as of January 1, 2019
 
$
11,195

Currency translation
 
46

Balance as of March 31, 2019
 
$
11,241



21

ICU MEDICAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

Intangible Assets, Net

Intangible assets, carried at cost less accumulated amortization and amortized on a straight-lined basis, were as follows (in thousands):
 
 
Weighted
Average
 
March 31, 2019
 
 
Amortization
Life in Years
 
Cost
 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Net
Patents
 
10
 
$
20,314

 
$
12,475

 
$
7,839

Customer contracts
 
9
 
5,319

 
5,319

 

Non-contractual customer relationships
 
9
 
57,949

 
15,080

 
42,869

Trademarks
 
4
 
425

 
425

 

Trade name
 
15
 
7,456

 
1,747

 
5,709

Developed technology
 
11
 
82,507

 
17,140

 
65,367

Total amortized intangible assets
 
 
 
$
173,970

 
$
52,186

 
$
121,784

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
IPR&D
 
 
 
$
9,269

 

 
$
9,269

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total intangible assets
 
 
 
$
183,239

 
$
52,186

 
$
131,053


 
 
Weighted
Average
 
December 31, 2018
 
 
Amortization
Life in Years
 
Cost
 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Net
Patents
 
10
 
$
19,399

 
$
12,147

 
$
7,252

Customer contracts
 
9
 
5,319

 
5,272

 
47

Non-contractual customer relationships
 
9
 
57,916

 
13,363

 
44,553

Trademarks
 
4
 
425

 
425

 

Trade name
 
15
 
7,456

 
1,618

 
5,838

Developed technology
 
11
 
82,857

 
15,361

 
67,496

Total amortized intangible assets
 
 
 
$
173,372

 
$
48,186

 
$
125,186

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
IPR&D
 
 
 
$
8,235

 
 
 
$
8,235

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total intangible assets
 
 
 
$
181,607

 
$
48,186

 
$
133,421


Intangible assets with definite lives are amortized on a straight-line basis over their estimated useful lives. Intangible asset amortization expense was $4.0 million and $4.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019, and 2018, respectively.

As of March 31, 2019 estimated annual amortization for our intangible assets for each of the next five years is approximately (in thousands):

Remainder of 2019
 
$
17,048

2020
 
16,099

2021
 
15,897

2022
 
15,773

2023
 
15,624

Thereafter
 
41,343

Total
 
$
121,784


22

ICU MEDICAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)


Note 15:     Accrued Liabilities and Other Long-Term Liabilities

Accrued liabilities consist of the following (in thousands): 

 
 
March 31, 2019
 
December 31,
2018
Salaries and benefits
 
$
29,259

 
$
20,538

Incentive compensation
 
10,656

 
42,913

Operating lease liability-ST
 
7,966

 

Accrued product field action
 
4,259

 
5,316

Third-party inventory
 
30

 
1,089

Consigned inventory
 
1,118

 
1,118

Accrued sales taxes
 
2,567

 
2,941

Restructuring accrual
 
1,132

 
1,046

Deferred revenue
 
6,079

 
3,814

Accrued other taxes
 
414

 
3,213

Accrued professional fees
 
12,712

 
15,996

Legal accrual
 
1,261

 
1,400

Distribution fees
 
4,040

 
3,977

Warranties and returns
 
904

 
1,124

Accrued freight
 
10,795

 
10,953

Contract settlement
 
1,667

 
2,083

Accrued research and development
 

 
1,451

Other
 
10,006

 
9,848

 
 
$
104,865

 
$
128,820


Other long-term liabilities consist of the following (in thousands): 
 
 
March 31, 2019
 
December 31,
2018
Contract liabilities
 
$
11,591

 
$
14,020

Contract settlement
 
1,250

 
1,667

Operating lease liability-LT
 
30,641

 

Benefits
 
990

 
962

Accrued rent
 
1,763

 
1,779

Deferred revenue
 
346

 
468

Other
 
1,429

 
1,696

 
 
$
48,010

 
$
20,592


Note 16:     Income Taxes
 
Income taxes were accrued at an estimated effective tax rate of 7% and (28)% for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

The effective tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2019 differs from the federal statutory rate of 21% principally because of the effect of the mix of U.S. and foreign incomes, state income taxes, global intangible low-taxed income (GILTI) and tax credits. It is also affected by discrete items that may occur in any given year but are not consistent from year to year. The effective tax rate during the three months ended March 31, 2019 included a tax benefit of $5.6 million related to the excess tax benefits recognized on stock option exercises and the vesting of restricted stock units during the period, which is treated as a discrete item and excluded from determining our annual estimated effective tax rate. In addition, a revaluation of the contingent consideration resulted in a tax provision of $1.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019, which was treated as a discrete item.

23

ICU MEDICAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

The effective tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2018 differs from the federal statutory rate of 21% principally because of the effect the mix of U.S. and foreign incomes, state income taxes, tax credits and impact of a contract settlement. The contract settlement resulted in a material tax benefit of $5.7 million, which is treated as a discrete item. The effective tax rate during the three months ended March 31, 2018 also included a material tax benefit of $3.4 million related to the excess tax benefits recognized on stock option exercises and the vesting of restricted stock units during the period, which is treated as a discrete item and excluded from determining our annual estimated effective tax rate.

Note 17:     Long-Term Obligations

Five-year Senior Secured Revolving Credit Facility ("Credit Facility")

On November 8, 2017, we entered into a Credit Facility with various lenders for $150.0 million, with Wells Fargo Bank, N.A. as the administrative agent, swingline lender and issuing lender. As of March 31, 2019, we had no borrowings and $150.0 million of availability under the Credit Facility. The Credit Facility matures on November 8, 2022.

Debt Covenants

The Credit Facility contains certain financial covenants pertaining to Consolidated Fixed Charge Coverage and Consolidated Total Leverage Ratios. In addition, the Credit Facility has restrictions pertaining to limitations on debt, liens, negative pledges, loans, advances, acquisitions, other investments, dividends, distributions, redemptions, repurchases of equity interests, fundamental changes and asset sales and other dispositions, prepayments, redemptions and purchases of subordinated debt and other junior debt, transactions with affiliates, dividend and payment restrictions affecting subsidiaries, changes in line of business, fiscal year and accounting practices and amendment of organizational documents and junior debt documents.

The Consolidated Leverage Ratio is defined as the ratio of Consolidated Total Funded Indebtedness on such date, to Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA, as defined under the Credit Facility Agreement, for the most recently completed four fiscal quarters. The maximum Consolidated Leverage Ratio is not more than 3.00 to 1.00.

The Consolidated Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio is defined as the ratio of: (a) Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA less the sum of (i) capital expenditures, (ii) federal, state, local and foreign income taxes paid in cash and (iii) cash restricted payments made after the closing date, to (b) Consolidated Fixed Charges for the most recently completed four fiscal quarters, calculated on a pro forma basis. The minimum Consolidated Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio is 2.00 to 1.00.

We were in compliance with all financial covenants as of March 31, 2019.
    
Note 18: Stockholders' Equity

Treasury Stock

In July 2010, our Board of Directors approved a common stock purchase plan to purchase up to $40.0 million of our common stock. This plan has no expiration date. During the three months ended March 31, 2019, we did not purchase any shares of our common stock under the stock purchase plan. As of March 31, 2019, the remaining authorized amount under this purchase plan is approximately $7.2 million. We are currently limited on share purchases in accordance with the terms and conditions of our Credit Facility (see Note 17: Long-Term Obligations). 

For the three months ended March 31, 2019, we withheld 77,642 shares of our common stock from employee vested restricted stock units in consideration for $18.2 million in payments made on the employee's behalf for their minimum statutory income tax withholding obligations. Treasury stock is used to issue shares for stock option exercises, restricted stock grants and employee stock purchase plan stock purchases.


24

ICU MEDICAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

The components of accumulated other comprehensive income ("AOCI"), net of tax, were as follows (in thousands):

 
 
Foreign Currency Translation Adjustments
 
Unrealized Gains on Cash Flow Hedges
 
Other Adjustments
 
Total
Balance as of January 1, 2019
 
$
(17,682
)
 
$
638

 
$
99

 
$
(16,945
)
Other comprehensive income before reclassifications
 
(1,592
)
 
768

 
6

 
(818
)
Amounts reclassified from AOCI
 

 
(118
)
 

 
(118
)
Other comprehensive (loss) income
 
(1,592
)
 
650

 
6

 
(936
)
Balance as of March 31, 2019
 
$
(19,274
)
 
$
1,288

 
$
105

 
$
(17,881
)

 
 
Foreign Currency Translation Adjustments
 
Unrealized Gains on Cash Flow Hedges
 
Other Adjustments
 
Total
Balance as of January 1, 2018
 
$
(14,578
)
 
$
(365
)
 
$
(16
)
 
$
(14,959
)
Other comprehensive income before reclassifications
 
15,397

 
1,993

 
2

 
17,392

Amounts reclassified from AOCI
 

 
(179
)
 

 
(179
)
Other comprehensive (loss) income
 
15,397

 
1,814

 
2

 
17,213

Balance as of March 31, 2018
 
$
819

 
$
1,449

 
$
(14
)
 
$
2,254

 
Note 19: Commitments and Contingencies

Legal Proceedings

Beginning in November 2016, purported class actions were filed in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Illinois against Pfizer, Inc. subsidiaries, Hospira, Inc., Hospira Worldwide, Inc. and certain other defendants relating to the intravenous saline solutions part of the HIS business. Plaintiffs seek to represent classes consisting of all persons and entities in the U.S. who directly purchased intravenous saline solution sold by any of the defendants from January 1, 2013 until the time the defendants’ allegedly unlawful conduct ceases. Plaintiffs allege that U.S. manufacturer defendants conspired together to restrict output and artificially fix, raise, maintain and/or stabilize the prices of intravenous saline solution sold throughout the U.S. in violation of federal antitrust laws. Plaintiffs seek treble damages (for themselves and on behalf of the putative classes) and an injunction against defendants for alleged price overcharges for intravenous saline solution in the U.S. since January 1, 2013. On July 5, 2018, the District Court granted defendants’ motion to dismiss the operative complaint for failing to state a valid antitrust claim, but allowed the plaintiffs to file a second amended complaint. On September 6, 2018, plaintiffs filed a second amended complaint adding new allegations in support of their conspiracy claims and adding ICU as a defendant. All defendants have filed a motion to dismiss this second amended complaint. Briefing is complete and we are awaiting the Court's ruling. On February 3, 2017, we completed the acquisition of the HIS business from Pfizer. This litigation is the subject of a claim for indemnification against us by Pfizer and a cross-claim for indemnification against Pfizer by us under the HIS stock and asset purchase agreement.

In addition, in August 2015, the New York Attorney General issued a subpoena to Hospira, Inc. requesting that the company provide information regarding certain business practices in the intravenous solutions part of the HIS business. Separately, in April 2017, we received a grand jury subpoena issued by the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania, in connection with an investigation by the U.S. Department of Justice, Antitrust Division. The subpoena calls for production of documents related to the manufacturing, selling, pricing and shortages of intravenous solutions, including saline, as well as communications among market participants regarding these issues. On December 10, 2018, we were informed by the U.S. Department of Justice, Antitrust Division, that their investigation has been closed.


25

ICU MEDICAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

In April 2018, the U.S. Department of Justice issued a HIPAA subpoena to Hospira, Inc., requesting production of documents and records regarding the manufacturing, production, testing, quality and validation of the Sapphire™ infusion pumps, sets and related accessories distributed by the Company. We are coordinating with Pfizer to produce the requested records to the Department of Justice.
 
In March 2018, a dispute with a product partner resulted in a redefinition of our contractual arrangement and in the rights and remedies determined under such arrangement. The resolution of the dispute resulted in a $28.9 million net charge to the condensed consolidated statement of operations. In addition, during the fourth quarter of 2018, we incurred $12.7 million in additional contract settlement charges related to this arrangement as a result of the write-off of assets and additional expenses associated with the restructuring of products.

From time to time, we are involved in various legal proceedings, most of which are routine litigation, in the normal course of business.  Our management does not believe that the resolution of the unsettled legal proceedings that we are involved with will have a material adverse impact on our financial position or results of operations.

Off Balance Sheet Arrangements
 
In the normal course of business, we have agreed to indemnify our officers and directors to the maximum extent permitted under Delaware law and to indemnify customers as to certain intellectual property matters or other matters related to sales of our products.  There is no maximum limit on the indemnification that may be required under these agreements.  Although we can provide no assurances, we have never incurred, nor do we expect to incur, any material liability for indemnification.

Contingencies

We have a contractual earn-out arrangement in connection with our acquisition of the HIS business, whereby Pfizer may be entitled up to an additional $225.0 million in cash upon achievement of performance targets for the company for the three years ending December 31, 2019 (see Note 9: Fair Value Measurement). The amount to be paid cannot be determined until the earn-out period has expired.

Commitments

We have non-cancellable operating lease agreements where we are contractually obligated to pay certain lease payment amounts, see Note 6, Leases.     
    
Note 20:     Collaborative and Other Arrangements
    
On February 3, 2017, we entered into two Manufacturing and Supply Agreements ("MSAs"), (i) whereby Pfizer will manufacture and supply us with certain agreed upon products for an initial five-year term with a one-time two-year option to extend and (ii) whereby we will manufacture and supply Pfizer certain agreed upon products for a term of five or ten years depending on the product, also with a one-time two-year option to extend. The MSAs provide each party with mutually beneficial interests and both of the MSA's are to be jointly managed by both Pfizer and ICU. The initial supply price, which will be annually updated, is in full consideration for all costs associated with the manufacture, documentation, packaging and certification of the products.  
    
Note 21: Acquisitions

On March 15, 2019, we entered into an Asset Purchase Agreement with one of our distributors to acquire certain assets for approximately $8.0 million. We anticipate that the acquisition will close during the second quarter of 2019.

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 
The following information should be read in conjunction with the condensed consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes in this Form 10-Q, as well as the audited consolidated financial statements and related notes for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018 included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K.
    
When used in this report, the terms “we,” “us,” and “our” refer to ICU Medical, Inc ("ICU") and its subsidiaries included in our condensed consolidated financial statements unless context requires otherwise.

26



Overview

We are one of the world's leading pure-play infusion therapy companies with global operations and a wide-ranging product portfolio that includes IV solutions, IV smart pumps with pain management and safety software technology, dedicated and non-dedicated IV sets and needlefree connectors designed to help meet clinical, safety and workflow goals. In addition, we manufacture automated pharmacy IV compounding systems with workflow technology, closed systems transfer devices for preparing and administering hazardous IV drugs, and cardiac monitoring systems for critically ill patients.

Our primary customers are acute care hospitals, wholesalers, ambulatory clinics and alternate site facilities, such as clinics, home health care providers and long-term care facilities. We sell our products in more than 90 countries throughout the world.

We categorize our products into four main product lines: Infusion Consumables, IV Solutions, Infusion Systems, and Critical Care. We have presented our financial results in accordance with these product lines, with our primary products in each line listed below.

Infusion Consumables

Infusion therapy sets, used in hospitals and ambulatory clinics, consist of a tube running from a bottle or plastic bag containing a solution to a catheter inserted in a patient’s vein, that may or may not be used with an IV pump.  Our primary Infusion Consumable products are:

Clave™ needlefree products, including the MicroClave, MicroClave Clear, and NanoClave™ brand of connectors, accessories, extension and administration sets used for the administration of IV fluids and medications and the Neutron catheter patency device, used to help maintain patency of central venous catheters;

SwabCap disinfecting cap, used to protect and disinfect any needlefree connector, including competitive brands of connectors;

Tego hemodialysis connector used to cap and protect hemodialysis central venous catheter hubs; and

NovaCathand SuperCath™ peripheral IV catheters (PIV).

Closed System Transfer Devices (CSTD) and hazardous drug compounding systems are used to prepare and deliver hazardous IV medications such as those used in chemotherapy, which, if released, can have harmful effects on the healthcare worker and environment.  Our products are:

ChemoLock CSTD with a proprietary and pharmacy-preferred needlefree connection method, used for the preparation and administration of hazardous drugs. ChemoLock is used to limit the escape of hazardous drug or vapor concentrations, blocks the transfer of environmental contaminants into the system, and eliminates the risk of needlestick injury;

ChemoClave, an ISO Connection standard and universally compatible CSTD used for the preparation and administration of hazardous drugs. ChemoClave utilizes standard ISO luer locking connections, making it compatible with all brands of needlefree connectors and pump delivery systems. ChemoClave also limits the escape of hazardous drug or vapor concentrations, blocks the transfer of environmental contaminants into the system, and eliminates the risk of needlestick injury; and

Diana hazardous drug compounding system, an automated sterile compounding system that incorporates ChemoClave and ChemoLock CSTD consumables and IV workflow technology for the accurate, safe, and efficient preparation of hazardous drugs. It is a user-controlled automated system that provides repeatable accuracy of drug mixes and minimizes clinician exposure to hazardous drugs while helping to maintain the sterility of the drugs being mixed.

The preparation of hazardous drugs typically takes place in a pharmacy location where drugs are removed from vials and prepared for delivery to a patient. Those prepared drugs are then transferred to a nursing unit where the chemotherapy is

27


administered via an infusion pump set to a patient. Components of the ChemoClave and ChemoLock product lines are used both in pharmacies and on the nursing floors for the preparation and administration of hazardous drugs.

IV Solutions

We provide a broad portfolio of IV solutions to meet our customers’ clinical needs, providing a consistent supply of IV solutions, irrigation, and nutritionals to help provide safe and effective patient care. Our primary IV Solutions products are:
    
IV Therapy and Diluents:

Including Sodium Chloride, Dextrose, Balanced Electrolyte Solutions, Lactated Ringer's, Ringer's, Mannitol, Sodium Chloride/Dextrose and Sterile Water

Irrigation/Urologics:

Including Sodium Chloride Irrigation, Sterile Water Irrigation, Physiologic Solutions, Ringer's Irrigation, Ringer's Irrigation, Acetic Acid Irrigation, Glycine Irrigation, Sorbitol-Mannitol Irrigation, Flexible Containers and Pour Bottle Options

Infusion Systems

We offer a wide range of infusion pumps, dedicated IV sets and software. Our primary Infusion System products are dedicated IV sets and the following:

Infusion Pump Hardware:

Plum 360™: The Plum 360™ infusion pump is an ICU Medical MedNet™ ready large volume infusion pump with an extensive drug library and wireless capability. Plum 360 was named the 2018 Best in KLAS winner as top-performing IV smart pump and is the first medical device to be awarded UL Cybersecurity Assurance Program Certification; and

LifeCare PCA™: The LifeCare PCA infusion pump is an ICU Medical MedNet™ ready patient-controlled analgesia pump (PCA), providing complete IV-EHR interoperability since 2016.

IV Mediation Safety Software:

ICU Medical MedNet™: ICU Medical MedNet is an enterprise-class medication management platform for any sized healthcare system that can help reduce medication errors, improve quality of care, streamline workflows and maximize revenue capture. ICU Medical MedNet connects our industry-leading smart pumps to a hospital’s Electronic Health Records (EHR), asset tracking systems, and alarm notification platforms with the largest array of integration partners.

Professional Services:

In addition to the products above, our teams of clinical, information technology, and professional services experts work with customers to develop and deliver safe and efficient infusion systems, providing customized and personalized configuration, implementation, and data analytics services to complement our infusion hardware and software.
    
Critical Care

Our Critical Care products help clinicians get accurate real-time access to patients’ hemodynamic and cardiac status with an extensive portfolio of monitoring systems and advanced sensors & catheters.  Measurements provided by our systems help clinicians determine how well the heart is pumping blood and how efficiently oxygen from the blood is being used by the tissues. Our primary Critical Care products are:

Cogent™ 2-in-1 hemodynamic monitoring system
CardioFlo™ hemodynamic monitoring system
TDQ™ and OptiQ™ cardiac output monitoring catheters

28


Transpac™ blood pressure transducers
SafeSet™ closed blood sampling and conservation system

The following table summarizes our total worldwide revenue by domestic and international markets by amount and as a percentage of total revenue (in millions, except percentages):
 
Three months ended
March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
 
$
 
% of Revenue
 
$
 
% of Revenue
Domestic
$
247.2

 
75
%
 
$
281.6

 
76
%
International
83.7

 
25
%
 
90.4

 
24
%
Total Revenue
$
330.9

 
100
%
 
$
372.0

 
100
%

The following table sets forth, for the periods indicated, total revenue by product line as a percentage of total revenue: 
 
Three months ended
March 31,
Product line
2019
 
2018
Infusion Consumables
36
%
 
32
%
IV Solutions
34
%
 
39
%
Infusion Systems
26
%
 
25
%
Critical Care
4
%
 
4
%
 
100
%
 
100
%

We manage our product distribution in the U.S. through a network of three owned distribution facilities, as well as, through direct channels, which include independent distributors and the end users of our products, and as original equipment manufacturer suppliers. Most of our independent distributors handle the full line of our products. Internationally, we manage our operations through the Netherlands, which utilizes international regional hubs. We also manage our operations through independent distributors.

A substantial amount of our products are sold to Group Purchasing Organization member hospitals. We believe that as healthcare providers continue to either consolidate or join major buying organizations, the success of our products will depend, in part, on our ability, either independently or through strategic relationships to secure long-term contracts with large healthcare providers and major buying organizations.  Although we believe that we are not dependent on any single distributor for distribution of our products, the loss of a strategic relationship with a customer could have a material adverse effect on our operating results.
 
We believe that achievement of our growth objectives worldwide will require increased efforts by us in sales and marketing and product acquisition and development; however, there is no assurance that we will be successful in implementing our growth strategy. Product development or acquisition efforts may not succeed, and even if we do develop or acquire additional products, there is no assurance that we will achieve profitable sales of such products.  Increased expenditures for sales and marketing and product acquisition and development may not yield desired results when expected, or at all.  While we have taken steps to control these risks, there are certain risks that may be outside of our control, and there is no assurance that steps we have taken will succeed.

Seasonality/Quarterly Results 

There are no significant seasonal aspects to our business. We may experience fluctuations in net sales as a result of variations in the ordering patterns of our largest customers, which may be driven more by production scheduling and their inventory levels, and less by seasonality.  Our expenses often do not fluctuate in the same manner as net sales, which may cause fluctuations in operating income that are disproportionate to fluctuations in our revenue.


  


29


Consolidated Results of Operations

We present income statement data in Part I, Item 1 - Financial Statements. The following table shows, for the three ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, the percentages of each income statement caption in relation to total revenue:
 
 
Three months ended
March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
Total revenue
100
 %
 
100
 %
Gross margin
41
 %
 
40
 %
Selling, general and administrative expenses
22
 %
 
23
 %
Research and development expenses
4
 %
 
3
 %
Restructuring and strategic transaction
7
 %
 
6
 %
Change in fair value of contingent earn-out
(2
)%
 
(1
)%
Contract settlement
1
 %
 
8
 %
Total operating expenses
32
 %
 
39
 %
Income from operations
9
 %
 
1
 %
Interest expense
 %
 
 %
Other income, net
1
 %
 
 %
Income before income taxes
10
 %
 
1
 %
(Provision) Benefit for income taxes
(1
)%
 
 %
Net income
9
 %
 
1
 %

In addition to comparing changes in revenue on a U.S. GAAP basis, we also compare the changes in revenue from one period to another using constant currency. We provide constant currency information to enhance the visibility of underlying business trends, excluding the effects of changes in foreign currency translation rates. To calculate our constant currency results, we apply the average exchange rate for revenues from the prior year to the current year results. These results should be considered in addition to, not as a substitute for, results reported in accordance with GAAP. Results on a constant currency basis, as we present them, may not be comparable to similarly titled measures used by other companies and are not measures of performance presented in accordance with GAAP.

Infusion Consumables

The following table summarizes our total Infusion Consumables revenue (in millions):

 
Three months ended
March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
 
$ Change
 
% Change
Infusion Consumables
$
120.5

 
$
119.9

 
$
0.6

 
0.5
%

Infusion Consumables revenue slightly increased for the three months ended March 31, 2019, as compared to the same period in the prior year. We only had a slight increase primarily due to temporary supply constraints in our oncology products. Infusion Consumables revenue was also impacted by exchange rate changes. On a constant currency basis, Infusion Consumables revenue would have been $123.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019, an increase of $3.8 million or 3.2%, as compared to the same period in the prior year.


30


IV Solutions

The following table summarizes our total IV Solutions revenue (in millions):

 
Three months ended
March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
 
$ Change
 
% Change
IV Solutions
$
113.2

 
$
144.4

 
$
(31.2
)
 
(21.6
)%

IV Solutions sales decreased for the three months ended March 31, 2019, as compared to the same period in the prior year. Supply constraints from our competitors beginning in the second quarter of 2017 and continuing through the first half of 2018 caused some temporary customer purchases and stock-up on supplies of IV Solutions in the three months ended March 31, 2018. These market shortages temporarily drove up the demand for our product during that period.