Company Quick10K Filing
Quick10K
IEC Electronics
Closing Price ($) Shares Out (MM) Market Cap ($MM)
$6.45 10 $67
10-Q 2019-03-29 Quarter: 2019-03-29
10-Q 2018-12-28 Quarter: 2018-12-28
10-K 2018-09-30 Annual: 2018-09-30
10-Q 2018-06-29 Quarter: 2018-06-29
10-Q 2018-03-30 Quarter: 2018-03-30
10-Q 2017-12-29 Quarter: 2017-12-29
10-K 2017-09-30 Annual: 2017-09-30
10-Q 2017-06-30 Quarter: 2017-06-30
10-Q 2017-03-31 Quarter: 2017-03-31
10-Q 2016-12-30 Quarter: 2016-12-30
10-K 2016-09-30 Annual: 2016-09-30
10-Q 2016-07-01 Quarter: 2016-07-01
10-Q 2016-04-01 Quarter: 2016-04-01
10-Q 2016-01-01 Quarter: 2016-01-01
10-K 2015-09-30 Annual: 2015-09-30
10-Q 2015-06-26 Quarter: 2015-06-26
10-Q 2015-03-27 Quarter: 2015-03-27
10-Q 2014-12-26 Quarter: 2014-12-26
10-K 2014-09-30 Annual: 2014-09-30
10-Q 2014-06-27 Quarter: 2014-06-27
10-Q 2014-03-28 Quarter: 2014-03-28
10-Q 2013-12-27 Quarter: 2013-12-27
8-K 2019-07-08
8-K 2019-06-04 Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2019-05-08
8-K 2019-03-14
8-K 2019-03-11
8-K 2019-02-06
8-K 2019-01-22
8-K 2019-01-22
8-K 2019-01-09
8-K 2018-12-07
8-K 2018-11-28
8-K 2018-09-04
8-K 2018-08-08
8-K 2018-08-02
8-K 2018-06-04
8-K 2018-06-01
8-K 2018-04-20
8-K 2018-03-14
8-K 2018-03-01
8-K 2018-01-26
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OCSL Oaktree Specialty Lending 772
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IESC IES Holdings 380
FRSH Papa Murphy's Holdings 110
SNMP Sanchez Midstream Partners 43
RETO Reto Eco-Solutions 43
ZZHJC Atel Capital Equipment Fund Ix 0
PMHG Prime Meridian Holding 0
IEC 2019-03-29
Part I Financial Information
Item 1. Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
Note 1-Our Business and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Note 2-Revenue Recognition
Note 3-Allowance for Doubtful Accounts
Note 4-Inventories
Note 5-Property, Plant and Equipment, Net
Note 6-Credit Facilities
Note 7-Warranty Reserves
Note 8-Stock-Based Compensation
Note 9-Income Taxes
Note 10-Market Sectors and Major Customers
Note 11-Commitments and Contingencies
Note 12-Capital Lease
Note 13-Net Income per Share
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Part II Other Information
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Item 5. Other Information
Item 6. Exhibits
EX-31.1 a10-qx20190329xex311.htm
EX-31.2 a10-qx20190329xex312.htm
EX-32.1 a10-qx20190329xex321.htm

IEC Electronics Earnings 2019-03-29

IEC 10Q Quarterly Report

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow

10-Q 1 a10-qx20190329.htm 10-Q Document
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q
 
x Quarterly Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 29, 2019
or
¨ Transition Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
For the transition period from ____ to ____
 
Commission File Number 001-34376
 
IEC ELECTRONICS CORP.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Delaware
 
13-3458955
(State or other jurisdiction of
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
incorporation or organization)
  
 
 
105 Norton Street, Newark, New York   14513
(Address of Principal Executive Offices) (Zip Code)
  
315-331-7742
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 
Not Applicable
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
Yes x No ¨
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).
Yes x No ¨
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company.  See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer ¨
 
Accelerated filer ¨
Non-accelerated filer x
 
Smaller reporting company x
Emerging growth company ¨
 
 
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the
Exchange Act. ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
Yes ¨ No x

 Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
Trading Symbol(s)
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.01 par value
IEC
NYSE American




Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date:

Common Stock, $0.01 par value – 10,312,852 shares as of May 1, 2019





TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 

3




Part I     FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
Item 1.  Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
 
IEC ELECTRONICS CORP.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
MARCH 29, 2019 and SEPTEMBER 30, 2018
(unaudited; in thousands, except share and per share data)
 
March 29,
2019
 
September 30,
2018
ASSETS
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash
$

 
$

Accounts receivable, net of allowance
27,822

 
25,168

Unbilled contract revenue
6,043

 

Inventories
38,843

 
34,126

Other current assets
1,800

 
1,747

Total current assets
74,508

 
61,041


 
 
 
Property, plant and equipment, net
19,614

 
20,110

Deferred income taxes
8,220

 
8,855

Other long-term assets
695

 
442

Total assets
$
103,037

 
$
90,448


 
 
 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Current portion of long-term debt
$
1,632

 
$
1,449

Current portion of capital lease obligation
324

 
306

Accounts payable
26,405

 
28,689

Accrued payroll and related expenses
1,944

 
1,796

Other accrued expenses
557

 
458

Customer deposits
10,226

 
7,595

Total current liabilities
41,088

 
40,293

 
 
 
 
Long-term debt
25,574

 
16,002

Long-term capital lease obligation
6,857

 
7,027

Other long-term liabilities
1,589

 
1,750

Total liabilities
75,108

 
65,072

Commitments and contingencies (Note 11)
 
 
 
STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
 
 
Preferred stock, $0.01 par value:
 
 
 
500,000 shares authorized; none issued or outstanding

 

Common stock, $0.01 par value:
 
 
 
Authorized: 50,000,000 shares
 
 
 
Issued: 11,370,695 and 11,304,393 shares, respectively
 
 
 
Outstanding: 10,315,207 and 10,248,905 shares, respectively
103

 
102

Additional paid-in capital
47,695

 
47,326

Accumulated deficit
(18,280
)
 
(20,463
)
Treasury stock, at cost: 1,055,488 shares
(1,589
)
 
(1,589
)
Total stockholders’ equity
27,929

 
25,376

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
$
103,037

 
$
90,448


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

4



IEC ELECTRONICS CORP.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
THREE and SIX MONTHS ENDED MARCH 29, 2019 and MARCH 30, 2018
(unaudited; in thousands, except share and per share data)
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
March 29,
2019
 
March 30,
2018
 
March 29,
2019
 
March 30,
2018
 
 
 
 
Net sales
$
37,294

 
$
31,768

 
$
72,735

 
$
52,923

Cost of sales
32,708

 
26,984

 
63,090

 
46,622

Gross profit
4,586

 
4,784

 
9,645

 
6,301

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Selling and administrative expenses
3,328

 
2,923

 
6,680

 
5,710

Operating income
1,258

 
1,861

 
2,965

 
591

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest and financing expense
385

 
278

 
708

 
511

Income before income taxes
873

 
1,583

 
2,257

 
80

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income tax expense/(benefit)
203

 
4

 
515

 
(1,005
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
$
670

 
$
1,579

 
$
1,742

 
$
1,085

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income per common share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
$
0.06

 
$
0.15

 
$
0.17

 
$
0.11

Diluted
$
0.06

 
$
0.15

 
$
0.16

 
$
0.11

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average number of shares outstanding:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
10,286,876

 
10,217,781

 
10,274,772

 
10,211,101

Diluted
10,678,058

 
10,348,662

 
10,574,076

 
10,316,762

 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

5




IEC ELECTRONICS CORP.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT of CHANGES in STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
THREE and SIX MONTHS ENDED MARCH 29, 2019
(unaudited; in thousands, except share data)

 
 
Number of Shares Outstanding

 
Common
Stock,
par $0.01

 
Additional
Paid-In
Capital

 
Accumulated Deficit

 
Treasury
Stock,
at cost

 
Total
Stockholders’
Equity

October 1, 2018
 
10,248,905

 
$
102

 
$
47,326

 
$
(20,463
)
 
$
(1,589
)
 
$
25,376

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Impact of adoption of ASC 606, net of taxes
 

 

 

 
441

 

 
441

Net income
 

 

 

 
1,072

 

 
1,072

Stock-based compensation
 

 

 
146

 
 
 

 
146

Restricted stock vested, net of shares withheld for payment of taxes
 
4,439

 

 

 

 

 

Exercise of stock options, net
 
2,553

 

 

 

 

 

Employee stock plan purchases
 
5,674

 

 
20

 

 

 
20

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
December 28, 2018
 
10,261,571

 
102

 
47,492

 
(18,950
)
 
(1,589
)
 
27,055

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
 

 

 

 
670

 

 
670

Stock-based compensation
 

 

 
152

 
 
 

 
152

Restricted stock vested, net of shares withheld for payment of taxes
 
38,636

 
1

 

 

 

 
1

Exercise of stock options, net
 
15,000

 

 
51

 

 

 
51

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
March 29, 2019
 
10,315,207

 
$
103

 
$
47,695

 
$
(18,280
)
 
$
(1,589
)
 
$
27,929


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.


6




IEC ELECTRONICS CORP.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT of CHANGES in STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
THREE and SIX MONTHS ENDED MARCH 30, 2018
(unaudited; in thousands, except share data)

 
 
Number of Shares Outstanding

 
Common
Stock,
par $0.01

 
Additional
Paid-In
Capital

 
Accumulated Deficit

 
Treasury
Stock,
at cost

 
Total
Stockholders’
Equity

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
October 1, 2017
 
10,197,078

 
$
102

 
$
46,789

 
$
(30,873
)
 
$
(1,589
)
 
$
14,429

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss
 

 

 

 
(494
)
 

 
(494
)
Stock-based compensation
 

 

 
69

 

 

 
69

Restricted stock vested, net of shares withheld for payment of taxes
 
3,498

 

 

 

 

 

Employee stock plan purchases
 
5,483

 

 
24

 

 

 
24

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
December 29, 2017
 
10,206,059

 
102

 
46,882

 
(31,367
)
 
(1,589
)
 
14,028

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
 

 

 

 
1,579

 

 
1,579

Stock-based compensation
 

 

 
129

 

 

 
129

Restricted stock vested, net of shares withheld for payment of taxes
 
30,530

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
March 30, 2018
 
10,236,589

 
$
102

 
$
47,011

 
$
(29,788
)
 
$
(1,589
)
 
$
15,736

 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

7



IEC ELECTRONICS CORP.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS of CASH FLOWS
SIX MONTHS ENDED MARCH 29, 2019 and MARCH 30, 2018
(unaudited; in thousands) 
 
 
Six Months Ended
 
 
March 29,
2019
 
March 30,
2018
 
 
 
 

CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
 
Net income
 
$
1,742

 
$
1,085

Non-cash adjustments:
 
 
 
 
Stock-based compensation
 
298

 
199

Depreciation and amortization
 
1,290

 
1,144

Change in reserve for doubtful accounts
 
(39
)
 
(40
)
Change in excess/obsolete inventory reserve and warranty reserve
 
89

 
130

Deferred tax expense/(benefit)
 
511

 
(1,010
)
Amortization of deferred gain
 
(56
)
 
(34
)
Changes in assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
 
(2,615
)
 
(3,490
)
Unbilled contract revenue
 
(1,710
)
 

Inventory
 
(8,547
)
 
(5,501
)
Other current assets
 
(53
)
 
(237
)
Other long-term assets
 
(253
)
 
3

Accounts payable
 
(1,362
)
 
4,270

Change in book overdraft position
 
(922
)
 
424

Accrued expenses
 
220

 
662

Customer deposits
 
2,631

 
(773
)
Other long-term liabilities
 
(75
)
 
(75
)
Net cash flows used in operating activities
 
(8,851
)
 
(3,243
)
 
 
 
 
 
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
 
Purchases of property, plant and equipment
 
(805
)
 
(1,342
)
Net cash flows used in investing activities
 
(805
)
 
(1,342
)
 
 
 
 
 
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
 
Advances from revolving credit facility
 
39,307

 
26,020

Repayments of revolving credit facility
 
(29,388
)
 
(21,666
)
Borrowings under other loan agreements
 
391

 
836

Repayments under other loan agreements
 
(568
)
 
(493
)
Repayments under capital lease
 
(152
)
 
(105
)
Debt issuance costs
 
(6
)
 
(30
)
Proceeds from exercise of stock options
 
52

 

Proceeds from employee stock plan purchases
 
20

 
23

Net cash flows provided by financing activities
 
9,656

 
4,585

 
 
 
 
 
Net cash change for the period
 

 

Cash, beginning of period
 

 

Cash, end of period
 
$

 
$

 
 
 
 
 
Supplemental cash flow information
 
 
 
 
Interest paid
 
$
753

 
$
478

Income taxes paid
 

 
4


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

8



IEC ELECTRONICS CORP.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
 
NOTE 1—OUR BUSINESS AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Our Business
 
IEC Electronics Corp. (“IEC,” or the “Company”) provides electronic manufacturing services (“EMS”) to advanced technology companies that produce life-saving and mission critical products for the medical, industrial, aerospace and defense sectors. The Company specializes in delivering technical solutions for the custom manufacture of complex full system assemblies by providing on-site analytical testing laboratories, custom design and test engineering services combined with a broad array of manufacturing services encompassing electronics, interconnect solutions, and precision metalworking.  As a full service EMS provider, IEC holds all appropriate certifications for the market sectors it supports including ISO 9001:2008, AS9100C, and ISO 13485, and we are Nadcap accredited.  IEC is headquartered in Newark, NY and also has operations in Rochester, NY and Albuquerque, NM.  Additional information about IEC can be found on its web site at www.iec-electronics.com. The contents of this website are not incorporated by reference into this quarterly report.
 
Generally Accepted Accounting Principles
 
IEC’s financial statements and accompanying notes are prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”), as set forth in the Financial Accounting Standards Board’s (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”).
 
Fiscal Calendar
 
The Company’s fiscal year ends on September 30th and the first three quarters generally end on the Friday closest to the last day of the calendar quarter. For the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019 (“fiscal 2019”), the fiscal quarters end on December 28, 2018, March 29, 2019 and June 28, 2019. For the fiscal year ended September 30, 2018 (“fiscal 2018”), the fiscal quarters ended on December 29, 2017, March 30, 2018 and June 29, 2018.
 
Consolidation
 
The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of IEC and its wholly-owned subsidiaries: IEC Electronics Corp-Albuquerque (“Albuquerque”); IEC Analysis & Testing Laboratory, LLC (“ATL”); and IEC California Holdings, Inc. The Rochester unit operates as a division of IEC. All intercompany transactions and accounts are eliminated in consolidation. 

Unaudited Financial Statements
 
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements for the three and six months ended March 29, 2019 and March 30, 2018 have been prepared without an audit pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) and do not include certain of the information the footnotes require by GAAP for complete financial statements.  In the opinion of management, all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring adjustments, required for a fair presentation of the information have been made.  The accompanying financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2018.
  
Cash
 
The Company’s cash represents deposit accounts with Manufacturers and Traders Trust Company (“M&T Bank”), a banking corporation headquartered in Buffalo, NY. The Company’s cash management system provides for the funding of the disbursement accounts on a daily basis as checks are presented for payment. Under this system, outstanding checks in excess of the bank balance create a book overdraft. Book overdrafts are presented in accounts payable in the condensed consolidated balance sheets. Book overdrafts were $1.7 million and $2.6 million as of March 29, 2019 and September 30, 2018, respectively. Changes in the book overdrafts are presented within net cash flows provided by operating activities within the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows.
 

9



Allowance for Doubtful Accounts
 
The Company establishes an allowance for doubtful accounts receivable based on the age of outstanding invoices and management’s evaluation of collectability.  Accounts are written off after all reasonable collection efforts have been exhausted and management concludes that the likelihood of collection is remote.
 
Inventory Valuation
 
Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or net realizable value under the first-in, first-out method.  The Company regularly assesses slow-moving, excess and obsolete inventory and maintains balance sheet reserves in amounts required to reduce the recorded value of inventory to the lower of cost or net realizable value.
 
Property, Plant and Equipment
 
Property, plant and equipment (“PP&E”) are stated at cost and are depreciated over various estimated useful lives using the straight-line method.  Maintenance and repairs are charged to expense as incurred, while renewals and improvements are capitalized.  At the time of retirement or other disposition of PP&E, cost and accumulated depreciation are removed from the accounts and any gain or loss is recorded in earnings.
 
Depreciable lives generally used for PP&E are presented in the table below.  Leasehold improvements are amortized over the shorter of the lease term or estimated useful life of the improvement.
PP&E Lives
 
Estimated
Useful Lives
 
 
(years)
Land improvements
 
10
Buildings and improvements
 
5 to 40
Machinery and equipment
 
3 to 5
Furniture and fixtures
 
3 to 7
Software
 
3 to 10
  
Reviewing Long-Lived Assets for Potential Impairment
 
Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 360-10 (Property, Plant and Equipment) requires the Company to test long-lived assets (PP&E and definite lived assets) for recoverability whenever events or circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable.  If carrying value exceeds undiscounted future cash flows attributable to an asset, it is considered impaired and the excess of carrying value over fair value must be charged to earnings.  No impairment charges were recorded by IEC for long-lived assets during either of the three and six months ended March 29, 2019 and March 30, 2018.
 
Leases
 
At the inception of a lease covering equipment or real estate, the lease agreement is evaluated under criteria discussed in ASC 840-10-25 (Leases).  Leases meeting one of four key criteria are accounted for as capital leases and all others are treated as operating leases.  Under a capital lease, the discounted value of future lease payments becomes the basis for recognizing an asset and a borrowing, and lease payments are allocated between debt reduction and interest.  For operating leases, payments are recorded as rent expense.  Criteria for a capital lease include (i) transfer of ownership during the lease term; (ii) existence of a bargain purchase option under terms that make it likely to be exercised; (iii) a lease term equal to 75 percent or more of the economic life of the leased property; and (iv) minimum lease payments that equal or exceed 90 percent of the fair value of the property.

Legal Contingencies
 
When legal proceedings are brought or claims are made against the Company and the outcome is uncertain, ASC 450-10 (Contingencies) requires the Company to determine whether it is probable that an asset has been impaired or a liability has been incurred.  If such impairment or liability is probable and the amount of loss can be reasonably estimated, the loss must be charged to earnings. 
 
When it is considered probable that a loss has been incurred but the amount of loss cannot be estimated, disclosure but not accrual of the probable loss is required.  Disclosure of a loss contingency is also required when it is reasonably possible, but not probable, that a loss has been incurred. 

10




Legal Expense Accrual

The Company records legal expenses as they are incurred, based on invoices received or estimates provided by legal counsel. Future estimated legal expenses are not recorded until incurred.

Customer Deposits

Customer deposits represent amounts invoiced to customers for which the revenue has not yet been earned and therefore represent a commitment for the Company to deliver goods or services in the future. Deposits are generally short term in nature and are recognized as revenue when earned.
 
Fair Value Measurements
 
Under ASC 825 (Financial Instruments), the Company is required to disclose the fair value of financial instruments for which it is practicable to estimate value.  The Company’s financial instruments consist of cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable, accrued liabilities and borrowings.  IEC believes that recorded value approximates fair value for all cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable and accrued liabilities.
 
ASC 820 (Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures) defines fair value, establishes a framework for measurement, and prescribes related disclosures.  ASC 820 defines fair value as the price that would be received upon sale of an asset or would be paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction.  Inputs used to measure fair value are categorized under the following hierarchy:
 
Level 1: Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the Company can access at the measurement date.
 
Level 2: Quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets; quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active; and model-derived valuations in which all significant inputs are observable market data.
 
Level 3: Model-derived valuations in which one or more significant inputs are unobservable.
 
The Company deems a transfer between levels of the fair value hierarchy to have occurred at the beginning of the reporting period.  There were no such transfers during each of the three and six months ended March 29, 2019 and March 30, 2018.

Stock-Based Compensation
 
ASC 718 (Stock Compensation) requires that compensation expense be recognized for equity awards based on fair value as of the date of grant.  For stock options, the Company uses the Black-Scholes pricing model to estimate grant date fair value.  Costs associated with stock awards are recorded over requisite service periods, generally the vesting period.  If vesting is contingent on the achievement of performance objectives, fair value is accrued over the period the objectives are expected to be achieved only if it is considered probable that the objectives will be achieved.  The Company also has an employee stock purchase plan (“ESPP”) that provides for the purchase of Company common stock at a discounted stock purchase price.

Income Taxes and Deferred Taxes
 
ASC 740 (Income Taxes) requires recognition of deferred tax assets and liabilities for the expected future tax consequences of events that have been included in the financial statements or tax returns, but not in both.  Deferred tax assets are also established for tax benefits associated with tax loss and tax credit carryforwards.  Such deferred tax balances reflect tax rates that are scheduled to be in effect, based on currently enacted legislation, in the years the book/tax differences reverse and tax loss and tax credit carryforwards are expected to be realized.  An allowance is established for any deferred tax asset for which realization is not likely.
 
ASC 740 also prescribes the manner in which a company measures, recognizes, presents and discloses in its financial statements uncertain tax positions that the company has taken or expects to take on a tax return.  The Company recognizes tax benefits from uncertain tax positions only if it is more likely than not that the position will be sustained following examination by taxing authorities, based on technical merits of the position.  The Company believes that it has no material uncertain tax positions.
 

11



Any interest incurred is reported as interest expense. Any penalties incurred are reported as tax expense. The Company’s income tax filings are subject to audit by various tax jurisdictions and current open years are the fiscal year ended September 30, 2014 through fiscal year ended September 30, 2017.
 
Dividends
 
IEC does not pay dividends on its common stock as it is the Company’s current policy to retain earnings for use in the business.  Furthermore, the Company’s Fifth Amended and Restated Credit Facility Agreement, as amended, with M&T Bank includes certain restrictions on paying cash dividends, as more fully described in Note 6—Credit Facilities

Use of Estimates
 
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, income and expenses and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. Significant items subject to such estimates include: allowance for doubtful accounts, excess and obsolete inventory, warranty reserves, the valuation of deferred income tax assets and revenue recognition related to the accounts for over time contracts. Actual results may differ from management’s estimates.
 
Statements of Cash Flows
 
The Company presents operating cash flows using the indirect method of reporting under which non-cash income and expense items are removed from net income. 

Segments

The Company’s results of operations for the three and six months ended March 29, 2019 and March 30, 2018 represent a single operating and reporting segment, referred to as contract manufacturing within the EMS industry. The Company strategically directs production between its various manufacturing facilities based on a number of considerations to best meet its customers’ requirements. The Company shares resources for sales, marketing, engineering, supply chain, information services, human resources, payroll and corporate accounting functions. Consolidated financial information is available that is evaluated regularly by the chief operating decision maker in assessing performance and allocating resources.  The Company’s operations as a whole reflect the level at which the business is managed and how the Company’s chief operating decision maker assesses performance internally.
 
Recently Issued Accounting Standards Adopted
 
Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standard Update (“ASU”) 2014-09, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers” (“ASC 606”) was issued in May 2014 and updated the principles for recognizing revenue. This ASU superseded most of the existing revenue recognition requirements in GAAP. Under the new standard, revenue is recognized when control of the promised goods or services is transferred to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the Company expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods and services. The standard creates a five-step model that generally requires companies to use more judgment and make more estimates than under previous guidance when considering the terms of contracts along with all relevant facts and circumstances. These include the identification of customer contracts and separating performance obligations, the determination of the transaction price that potentially includes an estimate of variable consideration, allocating the transaction price to each separate performance obligation, and recognizing revenue in line with the pattern of transfer. Additionally, disclosures required for revenue recognition include qualitative and quantitative information about contracts with customers, significant judgments and changes in judgments, and assets recognized from costs to obtain or fulfill a contract. Such disclosures are more extensive than what was required under previous GAAP.

The guidance was effective for the Company beginning with the first quarter of fiscal 2019. The Company evaluated the guidance and approved a transition method during fiscal 2018. The Company assessed the impact of the new guidance, which resulted in a change of the Company’s revenue recognition model for electronics manufacturing services from “point in time” upon physical delivery to an “over time” model. The Company implemented ASC 606 using the modified retrospective approach with the cumulative effect on accumulated deficit on adoption of $0.4 million, net of taxes recognized on October 1, 2018. The implementation of ASC 606 is more fully described in Note 2—Revenue Recognition.

Recently Issued Accounting Standards Not Yet Adopted

FASB ASU 2016-02, “Leases” was issued in February 2016. The new guidance establishes the principles to report transparent and economically neutral information about the assets and liabilities that arise from leases. For public entities, the new guidance is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018, or the Company’s fiscal year ending September 30,

12



2020, and interim periods within those annual periods. Early adoption is permitted for all entities. The Company is evaluating the impact this ASU will have on its consolidated financial statements.

NOTE 2—REVENUE RECOGNITION

ASC 606: Revenue from Contracts with Customers

General Description of the New Guidance
 
Effective October 1, 2018, the Company applied the modified retrospective approach for its adoption of ASC 606. The primary impact of the new standard resulted in a change in the timing of the Company’s revenue recognition for some customer contracts for our custom manufacturing services to recognizing revenue over time as products are manufactured, as opposed to the prior revenue recognition of point in time. The transitional adjustment resulted in the recognition of unbilled revenue with a corresponding reduction in finished goods and work-in-process inventory (“WIP inventory”). The Company recognized the cumulative effect of initially applying the new revenue standard, totaling $0.4 million, as an adjustment to its opening accumulated deficit balance at October 1, 2018 included in stockholders’ equity. The comparative information has not been restated and continues to be reported under the accounting standards in effect for those periods.
 
Satisfaction of Performance Obligations
 
A performance obligation is a promise in a contract to transfer a distinct good or service to the customer, and is the unit of account in ASC 606. A contracts transaction price is allocated to each distinct performance obligation and recognized as revenue when, or as, the performance obligation is satisfied. Many of the Company's contracts have a single performance obligation as the promise to transfer the individual goods or services is not separately identifiable from other promises in the contracts and, therefore, not distinct. The Company primarily provides contract manufacturing services to its customers. The customer provides a design, the Company procures materials and manufactures to that design and ships the product to the customer. Revenue is derived primarily from the manufacturing of these electronics components that are built to customer specifications.

The Company's performance obligations are satisfied at a point in time or over time as work progresses. Revenue from goods and services transferred to customers at a point in time accounted for 52.4% and 50.0% of the Company's revenue for the three and six months ended March 29, 2019, respectively. Revenue on these contracts is recognized when obligations under the terms of the customer contract are satisfied; generally this occurs with the transfer of control upon shipment. If there is no enforceable right to payment for work completed to date, or the Company does not recapture costs incurred plus an applicable margin, then the Company records revenue upon shipment to the customer.

Revenue from goods and services transferred to customers over time accounted for 47.6% and 50.0% of our revenue for the three and six months ended March 29, 2019, respectively. For revenue recognized over time, the Company uses an input measure to determine progress towards completion. Under this method, sales and gross profit are recognized as work is performed generally based on the relationship between the actual costs incurred and the total estimated costs at completion. If the Company has an enforceable right to payment for work completed to date, with a recapture of costs incurred plus an applicable margin, and the goods do not have an alternative future use once the manufacturing process has commenced, then the Company records an unbilled revenue associated with non-cancellable customer orders.

The Company derives revenue from engineering and design services. Service revenue is generally recognized once the service has been rendered.  For material management arrangements, revenue is generally recognized as services are rendered.  Under such arrangements, some or all of the following services may be provided: design, bid, procurement, testing, storage or other activities relating to materials the customer expects to incorporate into products that it manufactures.  Value-added support services revenue, including material management and repair work revenue, amounted to less than 3% of total revenue in each of the three and six months ended March 29, 2019 and March 30, 2018.
 
Returns and Discounts

The Company does not offer its customers a right of return. Rather, the Company warrants that each unit received by the customer will meet the agreed upon technical and quality specifications and requirements. Only when the delivered units do not meet these requirements can the customer return the non-compliant units as a corrective action under the warranty. The remedy offered to the customer is repair of the returned units or replacement if repair is not viable. Accordingly, the Company records a warranty reserve and any warranty activities are not considered to be a separate performance obligation. Historically, warranty reserves have not been material.


13



Provisions for discounts, allowances, estimated returns and other adjustments are recorded in the period the related sales are recognized.

Shipping and Handling Costs

Amounts billed to customers for shipping and handling activities after the customer obtains control are treated as a promised service performance obligation and recorded in net sales in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations. Shipping and handling costs incurred by the Company for the delivery of goods to customers are considered a cost to fulfill the contract and are included in cost of sales in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations.

Contract Assets

Contract assets consist of unbilled contract amounts resulting from sales under contracts when the revenue recognized exceeds the amount billed to the customer.

Practical Expedients and Exemptions

The Company generally expenses incremental costs of obtaining a contract when incurred because the amortization period would be less than one year. These costs primarily relate to sales commissions and are recorded in selling and administrative expense in the condensed consolidated statements of operations.

The Company does not disclose the value of unsatisfied performance obligations for contracts with an original expected length of one year or less.

Disaggregated Revenue

The table below shows net sales from contracts with customers by market sector. See additional information regarding market sectors in Note 10—Market Sectors and Major Customers.
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
 
March 29, 2019
 
March 29, 2019
 
 
Point in Time
 
Over Time
 
Net Sales
 
Point in Time
 
Over Time
 
Net Sales
(in thousands)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Aerospace & Defense
 
$
11,075

 
$
12,047

 
$
23,122

 
$
19,002

 
$
22,457

 
$
41,459

Medical
 
3,872

 
3,214

 
7,086

 
8,040

 
8,689

 
16,729

Industrial
 
4,583

 
2,503

 
7,086

 
9,318

 
5,229

 
14,547

 
 
$
19,530

 
$
17,764

 
$
37,294

 
$
36,360

 
$
36,375

 
$
72,735



14



Impact of adoption of ASC 606

The following table presents the impacted financial statement line items in the condensed consolidated balance sheet as of October 1, 2018: 
 
 
 Balances Without Adoption of ASC 606
 
 Effect of Change
 
Adjusted
(in thousands)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unbilled contract revenue
 
$

 
$
4,333

 
$
4,333

Inventories
 
34,126

 
(3,768
)
 
30,358

Deferred income taxes
 
8,855

 
(124
)
 
8,731

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Stockholders’ Equity:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Accumulated deficit
 
(20,463
)
 
441

 
(20,022
)

The following table presents the impacted financial statement line items in the condensed consolidated balance sheet as of March 29, 2019
 
 
 Balances Without Adoption of ASC 606
 
 Effect of Change
 
 As Reported
(in thousands)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unbilled contract revenue
 
$

 
$
6,043

 
$
6,043

Inventories
 
43,925

 
(5,082
)
 
38,843

Deferred income taxes
 
8,431

 
(211
)
 
8,220

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Stockholders’ Equity:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Accumulated deficit
 
(19,030
)
 
750

 
(18,280
)
 
The following table presents the impacted financial statement line items under ASC 605 "Revenue Recognition" and ASC 606 in the condensed consolidated statements of operations for the three and six months ended March 29, 2019: 
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
 
March 29, 2019
 
March 30, 2018
 
 
 Balances
Without
Adoption of
ASC 606
 
 Effect
of
Change
 
 As Reported
 
 Balances
Without
Adoption of
ASC 606
 
 Effect
of
Change
 
 As Reported
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net sales
 
$
37,354

 
$
(60
)
 
$
37,294

 
$
71,025

 
$
1,710

 
$
72,735

Cost of sales
 
32,693

 
15

 
32,708

 
61,776

 
1,314

 
63,090

Gross profit
 
4,661

 
(75
)
 
4,586

 
9,249

 
396

 
9,645

Income tax expense/(benefit)
 
220

 
(17
)
 
203

 
428

 
87

 
515

Net income
 
728

 
(58
)
 
670

 
1,433

 
309

 
1,742


For each of the three and six months ended March 29, 2019 and March 30, 2018, less than 1% of net sales were shipped to locations outside the United States.


15



NOTE 3—ALLOWANCE FOR DOUBTFUL ACCOUNTS

A summary follows of activity in the allowance for doubtful accounts during the six months ended March 29, 2019 and March 30, 2018:
 
 
Six Months Ended
Allowance for doubtful accounts
 
March 29,
2019
 
March 30,
2018
(in thousands)
 
 
 
 
Allowance, beginning of period
 
$
85

 
$
75

Change in provision for doubtful accounts
 
(39
)
 
(40
)
Write-offs
 
(7
)
 

Allowance, end of period
 
$
39

 
$
35

 
NOTE 4—INVENTORIES  

A summary of inventory by category at period end follows:
Inventories

March 29,
2019

September 30,
2018
(in thousands)

 



Raw materials
 
$
26,152

 
$
21,323

Work-in-process
 
10,813

 
11,263

Finished goods
 
1,878

 
1,540

Total inventories
 
$
38,843

 
$
34,126


NOTE 5—PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT, NET  

A summary of property, plant and equipment and accumulated depreciation at period end follows:
Property, Plant and Equipment
 
March 29,
2019
 
September 30,
2018
(in thousands)
 
 
 
 
Land and improvements
 
$
788

 
$
788

Buildings and improvements
 
7,350

 
7,314

Building under capital lease
 
7,750

 
7,750

Machinery and equipment
 
31,465

 
30,969

Furniture and fixtures
 
7,903

 
7,877

Construction in progress
 
5,607

 
5,360

Total property, plant and equipment, at cost
 
60,863

 
60,058

Accumulated depreciation
 
(41,249
)
 
(39,948
)
Property, plant and equipment, net
 
$
19,614

 
$
20,110

 
Depreciation expense during the three and six months ended March 29, 2019 and March 30, 2018 follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended

 
March 29,
2019
 
March 30,
2018
 
March 29,
2019
 
March 30,
2018
(in thousands)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Depreciation expense
 
$
646

 
$
573

 
$
1,301

 
$
1,162



16



NOTE 6—CREDIT FACILITIES  

A summary of borrowings at period end follows:   
 
 

 
 
 
March 29, 2019
 
September 30, 2018
Debt
 
Fixed/Variable Rate
 
Maturity Date
 
Balance
 
Interest Rate
 
Balance
 
Interest Rate
(in thousands)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
M&T Bank credit facilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revolving Credit Facility
 
v
 
5/5/2022
 
$
22,915

 
4.75
%
 
$
12,996

 
5.26
%
Term Loan B
 
v
 
5/5/2022
 
3,208

 
4.99

 
3,636

 
5.36

Equipment Line Advances
 
v
 
Various
 
392

 
5.00

 
314

 
5.56

Equipment Line Term Note
 
v
 
Various
 
969

 
5.00

 
794

 
5.56

Total debt, gross
 
 
 
 
 
27,484

 
 
 
17,740

 
 
Unamortized debt issuance costs
 
 
 
 
 
(278
)
 
 
 
(289
)
 
 
Total debt, net
 
 
 
 
 
27,206

 
 
 
17,451

 
 
Less: current portion
 
 
 
 
 
(1,632
)
 
 
 
(1,449
)
 
 
Long-term debt
 
 
 
 
 
$
25,574

 
 
 
$
16,002

 
 

M&T Bank Credit Facilities

During the quarter ended March 29, 2019, the Company and M&T Bank entered into the Seventh and Eighth Amendments to the Fifth Amended and Restated Credit Facility Agreement, which amended the Fifth Amended and Restated Credit Facility Agreement dated as of December 14, 2015, as amended by various amendments (collectively, the “Credit Facility, as amended”). Among other things, the Seventh Amendment increased the Company’s revolving credit commitment to $27.0 and added a monthly information requirement for backlog conversion ratio metrics. The Eighth Amendment modified the definition of “Borrowing Base” to increase the amount of certain availability limits contained within the definition.

The Credit Facility, as amended, is secured by a general security agreement covering the assets of the Company and its subsidiaries, a pledge of the Company’s equity interest in its subsidiaries, a negative pledge on the Company’s real property, and a guarantee by the Company’s subsidiaries, all of which restrict use of these assets to support other financial instruments.

Individual debt facilities provided under the Credit Facility, as amended, are described below:

a)
Revolving Credit Facility (“Revolver”): At March 29, 2019, up to $27.0 million is available through May 5, 2022. The maximum amount the Company may borrow is determined based on a borrowing base calculation described below.
b)
Term Loan B: $14.0 million was borrowed on January 18, 2013. Principal was being repaid in 120 equal monthly installments of $117 thousand. As part of an amendment to the Credit Facility, as amended, the principal was modified from $8.0 million to $6.0 million and principal is being repaid in equal monthly installments of $71 thousand plus a balloon payment of $0.6 million. The maturity date of the loan is May 5, 2022.
c)
Equipment Line Advances: Up to $1.5 million is available through May 5, 2022. Interest only is paid until maturity. Principal is due in three or six months after borrowing or can be converted to an Equipment Line Term Loan. On September 18, 2018, $0.3 million was borrowed and upon maturity at March 18, 2019, was converted into an Equipment Line Term Loan. On November 6, 2018, an additional $0.4 million was borrowed and will mature on May 6, 2019.
d)
Equipment Line Term Note: On July 26, 2018, $0.8 million was converted from an Equipment Line Advance, principal is being repaid in 36 equal monthly installments of $21 thousand and matures July 26, 2021. On September 27, 2018 $0.1 million was converted from an Equipment Line Advance, principal is being repaid in 36 equal monthly installments of $2 thousand and matures September 29, 2021. On March 18, 2019, $0.3 million was converted from an Equipment Line Advance, principal is being repaid in 36 equal monthly installments of $9 thousand and matures March 18, 2022.



17



Borrowing Base

At March 29, 2019, under the Credit Facility, as amended, the maximum amount the Company can borrow under the Revolver was the lesser of (i) 85% of eligible receivables plus a percentage of eligible inventories (up to a cap of $14.0 million) or (ii) $27.0 million. At September 30, 2018, under the Credit Facility, as amended, the maximum amount the Company can borrow under the Revolver was the lesser of (i) 85% of eligible receivables plus a percentage of eligible inventories (up to a cap of $8.0 million) or (ii) $22.0 million.

At March 29, 2019, the upper limit on Revolver borrowings was $27.0 million, with $4.1 million available. At September 30, 2018, the upper limit on Revolver borrowings was $22.0 million with $9.0 million available. Average Revolver balances amounted to $18.4 million and $10.6 million during the six months ended March 29, 2019 and March 30, 2018, respectively.

Interest Rates

Under the Credit Facility, as amended, variable rate debt accrues interest at LIBOR plus the applicable marginal interest rate that fluctuates based on the Company’s Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio, as defined below. At March 29, 2019, the applicable marginal interest rate was 2.25% for the Revolver and 2.50% for Term Loan B and Equipment Line Advances. At September 30, 2018, the applicable marginal interest rate was 3.00% for the Revolver and 3.25% for Term Loan B and Equipment Line Advances. Changes to applicable margins and unused fees resulting from the Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio generally become effective mid-way through the subsequent quarter.

The Company incurs quarterly unused commitment fees ranging from 0.25% to 0.375% of the excess of $27.0 million over average borrowings under the Revolver. Fees incurred amounted to $4.5 thousand and $12.7 thousand during the three and six months ended March 29, 2019, respectively. Fees incurred amounted to $4.6 thousand and $11.2 thousand during the three and six months ended March 30, 2018, respectively. The fee percentage varies based on the Company’s Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio, as defined below.

Financial Covenants

The Credit Facility, as amended, contains various affirmative and negative covenants including financial covenants. As of March 29, 2019, the Company had to maintain a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio (“Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio”). The Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio compares (i) EBITDAS minus unfinanced capital expenditures minus income tax expense, to (ii) the sum of interest expense, principal payments, payments on all capital lease obligations and dividends, if any (fixed charges). “EBITDAS” is defined as earnings before interest, income taxes, depreciation, amortization and non-cash stock compensation expense. The Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio was measured for a trailing twelve months ended March 29, 2019 as a minimum of 1.10 times. The Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio was the only covenant in effect at March 29, 2019. The Credit Facility, as amended, also provides for customary events of default, subject in certain cases to customary cure periods, in which the outstanding balance and any unpaid interest would become due and payable.

The Company was in compliance with the financial debt covenant at March 29, 2019.

Contractual Principal Payments

A summary of contractual principal payments under IEC’s borrowings at March 29, 2019 for the next four years taking into consideration the Credit Facility, as amended, is as follows:
Debt Repayment Schedule
 
Contractual
Principal
Payments
(in thousands)
 
 

Twelve months ending March
 
 

2020

 
$
1,632

2021

 
1,240

2022

 
1,059

2023
(1) 
 
23,553

 
 
 
$
27,484

(1) Includes Revolver balance of $22.9 million at March 29, 2019.


18



NOTE 7—WARRANTY RESERVES  

IEC generally warrants its products and workmanship for up to twelve months from date of sale.  As an offset to warranty claims, the Company is sometimes able to obtain reimbursement from suppliers for warranty-related costs or losses.  Based on historical warranty claims experience and in consideration of sales trends, a reserve is maintained for estimated future warranty costs to be incurred on products and services sold through the balance sheet date. The warranty reserve is included in other accrued expenses on the condensed consolidated balance sheets.
 
A summary of additions to and charges against IEC’s warranty reserves during the period follows: 
 
 
Six Months Ended
Warranty Reserve
 
March 29,
2019
 
March 30,
2018
(in thousands)
 
 

 
 

Reserve, beginning of period
 
$
173

 
$
153

Provision
 
27

 
147

Warranty costs
 
(56
)
 
(151
)
Reserve, end of period
 
$
144

 
$
149

 
NOTE 8—STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION  

The 2019 Stock Incentive Plan (the “2019 Plan”) was approved by the Company’s stockholders at the March 2019 Annual Meeting. The 2019 Plan replaces the 2010 Omnibus Incentive Compensation Plan (“2010 Plan”) that was approved by the Company’s stockholders at the January 2011 Annual Meeting.  The 2019 Plan, like the 2010 Plan, is administered by the Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors and provides for the following types of awards: incentive stock options, nonqualified options, stock appreciation rights, restricted shares, restricted stock units, performance compensation awards, cash incentive awards, director stock and other equity-based and equity-related awards.  Awards are generally granted to certain members of management and employees, as well as directors.  The Company also has an ESPP, adopted in 2011, that provides for the purchase of Company common stock at a discounted stock purchase price. Under the 2019 Plan, 840,360 shares of common stock, plus any shares that are subject to awards granted under the 2010 Plan that expire, are forfeited or canceled without the issuance of shares (other than shares used to pay the exercise price of a stock option under the 2010 Plan and shares used to cover the tax withholding of the award under the 2010 Plan) may be issued over a term of ten years. Under the ESPP, 150,000 shares of common stock may be issued over a term of ten years.

Stock-based compensation expense recorded under the 2010 Plan, totaled $0.2 million and $0.3 million for the three and six months ended March 29, 2019, respectively. Stock-based compensation expense recorded under the 2010 Plan, totaled $0.1 million and $0.2 million for the three and six months ended March 30, 2018, respectively.

At March 29, 2019, there were 421,360 remaining shares of common stock available to be issued under the 2010 Plan and 95,091 remaining shares of common stock available to be issued under the ESPP.

Expenses relating to stock options that comply with certain U.S. income tax rules are neither deductible by the Company nor taxable to the employee.  Further information regarding awards granted under the 2010 Plan and ESPP is provided below.

Stock Options
 
When options are granted, IEC estimates fair value using the Black-Scholes option pricing model and recognizes the computed value as compensation cost over the vesting period, which is typically four years.  The contractual term of options granted under the 2010 Plan is generally seven years.  The volatility rate is based on the historical volatility of IEC's common stock.
 

19



Assumptions used in the Black-Scholes model and the estimated value of options granted during the six months ended March 29, 2019 and March 30, 2018 follows in the table below.
 
 
Six Months Ended
Valuation of Options
 
March 29,
2019
 
March 30,
2018
Assumptions for Black-Scholes:
 
 
 
 
Risk-free interest rate
 
2.85
%
 
2.31
%
Expected term in years
 
5.5

 
5.5

Volatility
 
37
%
 
38
%
Expected annual dividends
 
none

 
none

 
 
 
 
 
Value of options granted:
 
 
 
 
Number of options granted
 
10,000

 
20,000

Weighted average fair value per share
 
$
2.40

 
$
1.53

Fair value of options granted (000s)
 
$
24

 
$
31

 
A summary of stock option activity, together with other related data, follows:
 
 
Six Months Ended
 
 
March 29, 2019
 
March 30, 2018
Stock Options
 
Number
of Options
 
Wgtd. Avg.
Exercise
Price
 
Number
of Options
 
Wgtd. Avg.
Exercise
Price
Outstanding, beginning of period
 
737,145

 
$
4.33

 
743,045

 
$
4.27

Granted
 
10,000

 
6.20

 
20,000

 
4.00

Exercised
 
(26,500
)
 
4.71

 

 

Forfeited
 
(24,250
)
 
3.70

 
(10,000
)
 
4.25

Expired
 
(5,000
)
 
4.08

 
(10,500
)
 
5.24

Outstanding, end of period
 
691,395

 
$
4.36

 
742,545

 
$
4.25

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
For options expected to vest
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 

Number expected to vest
 
683,135

 
$
4.35

 
731,316

 
$
4.25

Weighted average remaining contractual term, in years
 
3.6

 
 
 
4.2

 


Intrinsic value (000s)
 
 
 
$
1,706

 
 

 
$
281

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
For exercisable options
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 

Number exercisable
 
510,895

 
$
4.18

 
428,008

 
$
4.30

Weighted average remaining contractual term, in years
 
2.9

 
 
 
3.8

 
 

Intrinsic value (000s)
 
 
 
$
1,365

 
 

 
$
153

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
For non-exercisable options
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 

Expense not yet recognized (000s)
 
 
 
$
230

 
 
 
$
319

Weighted average years to be recognized
 
3.3

 
 
 
1.6

 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
For options exercised
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Intrinsic value (000s)
 
 
 
$
57

 
 

 
$

 

20



Restricted (Non-vested) Stock
 
Certain holders of IEC restricted stock have voting and dividend rights as of the date of grant, and, until vested, the shares may be forfeited and cannot be sold or otherwise transferred.  At the end of the vesting period, which is typically four or five years (three years in the case of directors), holders have all the rights and privileges of any other common stockholder of the Company.  The fair value of a share of restricted stock is its market value on the date of grant, and that value is recognized as stock compensation expense over the vesting period. 
 
A summary of restricted stock activity, together with related data, follows: 
 
 
Six Months Ended
 
 
March 29, 2019
 
March 30, 2018
Restricted (Non-vested) Stock
 
Number of Non-vested Shares
 
Wgtd. Avg. Grant Date Fair Value
 
Number of Non-vested Shares
 
Wgtd. Avg. Grant Date Fair Value
Outstanding, beginning of period
 
103,233

 
$
4.08

 
109,695

 
$
4.01

Granted
 
15,000

 
6.97

 
39,878

 
4.28

Vested
 
(43,075
)
 
4.09

 
(34,028
)
 
4.06

Shares withheld for payment of
taxes upon vesting of restricted stock
 
(3,061
)
 
3.60

 
(1,502
)
 
3.60

Forfeited
 
(1,400
)
 
4.13

 
(7,700
)
 
4.18

Outstanding, end of period
 
70,697

 
$
4.72

 
106,343

 
$
4.09

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
For non-vested shares
 
 

 
 
 
 

 
 
Expense not yet recognized (000s)
 
 
 
$
291

 
 

 
$
330

Weighted average remaining years for vesting
 
2.1

 
 
 
2.3

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
For shares vested
 
 

 
 
 
 

 
 
Aggregate fair value on vesting dates (000s)
 
 

 
$
311

 
 

 
$
150

 
Stock Issued to Board Members
 
In addition to annual grants of restricted stock, included in the table above, board members may elect to have their meeting fees paid in the form of shares of the Company’s common stock.   The Company has not paid any meeting fees in stock since May 21, 2013. 

Restricted Stock Units

Holders of IEC restricted stock units do not have voting and dividend rights as of the date of grant, and, until vested, the unit may be forfeited and cannot be sold or otherwise transferred.  At the end of the vesting period, which is typically three years, holders will receive shares of the Company's common stock and have all the rights and privileges of any other common stockholder of the Company.  The fair value of a restricted stock unit is the market value of the underlying shares of the Company's stock on the date of grant and that value is recognized as stock compensation expense over the vesting period.


21



A summary of restricted stock unit activity, together with related data, follows:
 
 
Six Months Ended
 
 
March 29, 2019
 
March 30, 2018
Restricted Stock Units
 
Number of Non-vested Units
 
Wgtd. Avg. Grant Date Fair Value
 
Number of Non-vested Units
 
Wgtd. Avg. Grant Date Fair Value
Outstanding, beginning of period
 
170,492

 
$
3.96

 
267,999

 
$
4.03

Granted
 

 

 
102,864

 
4.28

Vested
 

 

 

 

Forfeited
 

 

 

 

Outstanding, end of period
 
170,492

 
$
3.96

 
370,863

 
$
4.10

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
For non-vested shares
 
 

 
 
 
 

 
 

Expense not yet recognized (000s)
 
 
 
$
282

 
 

 
$
582

Weighted average remaining years for vesting
 
1.9

 
 
 
2.7

 
 
NOTE 9—INCOME TAXES  

The income tax expense/(benefit) during each of the three and six months ended March 29, 2019 and March 30, 2018 follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended

 
March 29,
2019
 
March 30,
2018
 
March 29,
2019
 
March 30,
2018
(in thousands)
 
 

 

 
 
 
 
Income tax expense/(benefit)
 
$
203

 
$
4

 
$
515

 
$
(1,005
)
 
On December 22, 2017, the U.S. government enacted comprehensive tax legislation commonly referred to as the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “Tax Act”). The Tax Act significantly revised the future ongoing U.S. corporate income tax by, among other things, lowering U.S. corporate income tax rates and implementing a territorial tax system. As the Company has a September 30 fiscal year-end, the lower corporate income tax rate was phased in, resulting in a U.S. statutory federal tax rate of approximately 24.2% for fiscal 2018, and 21% for subsequent fiscal years. The Tax Act eliminates the domestic manufacturing deduction and moves to a territorial system. In addition, previously paid federal alternative minimum tax (“AMT”) will now be refundable regardless of whether there is future income tax liability before AMT credits.

The Company concluded that the Tax Act caused the Company’s U.S. deferred tax assets and liabilities to be revalued. Deferred income taxes result from temporary differences between the tax basis of assets and liabilities and their reported basis in the financial statements that will result in taxable or deductible amounts in future years. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. As changes in tax laws or rates are enacted, deferred tax assets and liabilities are revalued and any change is adjusted through the provision for income tax expense in the reporting period of the enactment. As of September 30, 2018, the Company completed its analysis of the impact of the Tax Act under Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 118.

The income tax provision for interim periods is determined using an estimate of the annual effective tax rate, adjusted for discrete items, if any, that are taken into account in the relevant period. Each quarter, the estimate of the annual effective tax rate is updated, and if the estimated effective tax rate changes, a cumulative adjustment is made. There is a potential for volatility of the effective tax rate due to several factors, including discrete items, changes in the mix and amount of pre-tax income, changes in tax laws, business reorganizations, and settlements with taxing authorities, if any.

For the six months ended March 30, 2018, the impact of the Tax Act resulted in the Company recording a net tax benefit of approximately $1.0 million, resulting from the release of the valuation allowance on the Company’s AMT credits.

The Company's estimated annual effective tax rate for fiscal 2019 is comprised of the federal tax rate of 21% plus the state tax rate of 1.58%, which is adjusted for permanent book tax differences. During the three and six months ended March 29, 2019, the permanent items included meals and entertainment and stock based compensation. There were no material discrete items recognized in the three and six months ended March 29, 2019.


22



NOTE 10—MARKET SECTORS AND MAJOR CUSTOMERS  

A summary of sales, according to the market sector within which IEC’s customers operate, follows: 
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
% of Sales by Sector
 
March 29,
2019
 
March 30,
2018
 
March 29,
2019
 
March 30,
2018
Aerospace & Defense
 
62%
 
64%
 
57%
 
63%
Medical
 
19%
 
22%
 
23%
 
20%
Industrial
 
19%
 
14%
 
20%
 
17%
 
 
100%
 
100%
 
100%
 
100%

One individual customer represented 10% or more of sales for the three months ended March 29, 2019. This customer was from the aerospace & defense sector and represented 22% of sales. Two individual customers each represented 10% or more of sales for the six months ended March 29, 2019. One customer was from the aerospace & defense sector and represented 21% of sales, while one was from the medical sector and represented 11% of sales.

Two individual customers each represented 10% or more of sales for the three months ended March 30, 2018. One customer was from the aerospace & defense sector and represented 24% of sales, while one was from the medical sector and represented 10% of sales for the three months ended March 30, 2018. Three individual customers each represented 10% or more of sales for the six months ended March 30, 2018. Two customers were from the aerospace & defense sector, one represented 23% of sales and one represented 10% of sales, while one customer was from the medical sector and represented 11% of sales for the six months ended March 30, 2018.

One individual customer represented 10% or more of receivables and accounted for 20% of the outstanding balance at March 29, 2019. Three individual customers represented 10% or more of receivables and accounted for 55% of the outstanding balance at September 30, 2018.

Credit risk associated with individual customers is periodically evaluated by analyzing the entity’s financial condition and payment history.  Customers generally are not required to post collateral.

NOTE 11—COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
Litigation

From time to time, the Company may be involved in legal actions in the ordinary course of its business, but management does not believe that any such proceedings, individually or in the aggregate, will have a material adverse effect on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements.

NOTE 12—CAPITAL LEASE

Leases

A summary of capital lease payments for the next five years follows:
Capital Lease Payment Schedule
 
Contractual
Principal
Payments
(in thousands)
 
 

Twelve months ending March
 
 

2020
 
$
666

2021
 
680

2022
 
693

2023
 
707

2024 and thereafter
 
7,078

Total capital lease payments
 
9,824

Less: amounts representing interest
 
(2,643
)
Present value of minimum lease payment
 
$
7,181


23




NOTE 13—NET INCOME PER SHARE

The Company applies the two-class method to calculate and present net income per share. Certain of the Company's restricted (non-vested) share awards contain non-forfeitable rights to dividends and are considered participating securities for purposes of computing net income per share pursuant to the two-class method. Under the two-class method, net earnings are reduced by the amount of dividends declared (whether paid or unpaid) and the remaining undistributed earnings are then allocated to common stock and participating securities, based on their respective rights to receive dividends.

Basic earnings per common share are calculated by dividing income available to common stockholders by the weighted average number of shares outstanding during each period.  Diluted earnings per common share add to the denominator incremental shares resulting from the assumed exercise of all potentially dilutive stock options, as well as unvested restricted stock and restricted stock units.  Options, restricted stock and restricted stock units are primarily held by directors, officers and certain employees. 

The Company uses the two-class method to calculate net income per share as both classes share the same rights in dividends. Therefore, basic and diluted earnings per share (“EPS”) are the same for both classes of ordinary shares.

A summary of shares used in the EPS calculations follows (in thousands except share and per share data):
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
Earnings Per Share
 
March 29,
2019
 
March 30,
2018
 
March 29,
2019
 
March 30,
2018
Basic net income per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
 
$
670

 
$
1,579

 
$
1,742

 
$
1,085

Less: Income attributable to non-vested shares
 
4

 
16

 
9

 
11

Net income available to common stockholders
 
$
666

 
$
1,563

 
$
1,733

 
$
1,074

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average common shares outstanding
 
10,286,876

 
10,217,781

 
10,274,772

 
10,211,101

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic net income per share
 
$
0.06

 
$
0.15

 
$
0.17

 
$
0.11

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Diluted net income per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
 
$
670

 
$
1,579

 
$
1,742

 
$
1,085

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Shares used in computing basic net income per share
 
10,286,876

 
10,217,781

 
10,274,772

 
10,211,101

Dilutive effect of non-vested shares
 
391,182

 
130,881

 
299,304

 
105,661

Shares used in computing diluted net income per share
 
10,678,058

 
10,348,662

 
10,574,076

 
10,316,762

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Diluted net income per share
 
$
0.06

 
$
0.15

 
$
0.16

 
$
0.11


The diluted weighted average share calculations do not include the following shares, which are not dilutive to the EPS calculations.
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
 
March 29,
2019
 
March 30,
2018
 
March 29,
2019
 
March 30,
2018
Anti-dilutive shares excluded
 

 
353,495

 
19,583

 
339,104



24




Item 2.  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 
The information in this Management’s Discussion and Analysis should be read in conjunction with the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and notes.  All references to “Notes” are to the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements and notes included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (“Form 10-Q”).
 
Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

References in this report to “IEC,” the “Company,” “we,” “our,” or “us” mean IEC Electronics Corp. and its subsidiaries except where the context otherwise requires. This Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by terms such as “may,” “will,” “should,” “expects,” “plans,” “anticipates,” “could,” “intends,” “targets,” “projects,” “contemplates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “predicts,” “potential” or “continue” or the negative of these terms or other similar expressions. These forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements regarding future sales and operating results, future prospects, the capabilities and capacities of business operations, any financial or other guidance and all statements that are not based on historical fact, but rather reflect our current expectations concerning future results and events. The ultimate correctness of these forward-looking statements is dependent upon a number of known and unknown risks and events and is subject to various uncertainties and other factors that may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements.

The following important factors, among others, could affect future results and events, causing those results and events to differ materially from those views expressed or implied in our forward-looking statements: business conditions and growth or contraction in our customers’ industries, the electronic manufacturing services industry and the general economy; variability of our operating results; our ability to control our material, labor and other costs; our dependence on a limited number of major customers; the potential consolidation of our customer base; availability of component supplies; dependence on certain industries; variability and timing of customer requirements; technological, engineering and other start-up issues related to new programs and products; uncertainties as to availability and timing of governmental funding for our customers; the impact of government regulations, including FDA regulations; risks related to the accuracy of the estimates and assumptions we used to revalue our net deferred tax assets in accordance with the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017; the types and mix of sales to our customers; litigation and governmental investigations; intellectual property litigation; our ability to maintain effective internal controls over financial reporting; unforeseen product failures and the potential product liability claims that may be associated with such failures; the availability of capital and other economic, business and competitive factors affecting our customers, our industry and business generally; failure or breach of our information technology systems; and natural disasters. Any one or more of such risks and uncertainties could have a material adverse effect on us or the value of our common stock. For a further list and description of various risks, relevant factors and uncertainties that could cause future results or events to differ materially from those expressed or implied in our forward-looking statements, see the “Risk Factors” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” sections in this Form 10-Q, our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2018, and our other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”).

All forward-looking statements included in this Form-10-Q are made only as of the date indicated or as of the date of this Form 10-Q. We do not undertake any obligation to, and may not, publicly update or correct any forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances that subsequently occur or which we hereafter become aware of, except as required by law. New risks and uncertainties arise from time to time and we cannot predict these events or how they may affect us and cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied by our forward-looking statements. Therefore, you should not rely on our forward-looking statements as predictions of future events. When considering these risks, uncertainties and assumptions, you should keep in mind the cautionary statements contained in this report and any documents incorporated herein by reference. You should read this document and the documents that we reference in this Form 10-Q completely and with the understanding that our actual future results may be materially different from what we expect. All forward-looking statements attributable to us are expressly qualified by these cautionary statements.

Overview

IEC Electronics Corp. (“IEC,” “we,” “our,” “us,” the “Company”) conducts business directly, as well as through its subsidiaries, IEC Electronics Corp-Albuquerque (“Albuquerque”); IEC Analysis & Testing Laboratory, LLC (“ATL”); and IEC California Holdings, Inc. The Rochester unit operates as a division of IEC.

We are a premier provider of electronic manufacturing services (“EMS”) to advanced technology companies that produce life-saving and mission critical products for the medical, industrial, aerospace and defense sectors. We specialize in delivering

25



technical solutions for the custom manufacturing, product configuration, and verification testing of highly engineered complex products that require a sophisticated level of manufacturing to ensure quality and performance.

Within the EMS sector, we have unique capabilities which allow our customers to rely on us to solve their complex challenges, minimize their supply chain risk and deliver full system solutions for their supply chain. These capabilities include, among others:

Our engineering services include the design, development, and fabrication of customized stress testing platforms to simulate a product’s end application, such as thermal cycling and vibration, in order to ensure reliable performance and avoid catastrophic failure when the product is placed in service.
Our vertical manufacturing model offers customers the ability to simplify their supply chain by utilizing a single supplier for their critical components including complex printed circuit board assembly (“PCBA”), precision metalworking, and interconnect solutions. This service model allows us to control the cost, lead time, and quality of these critical components which are then integrated into full system assemblies and minimizes our customers’ supply chain risk.
We provide direct order fulfillment services for our customers by integrating with their configuration management process to obtain their customer orders, customize the product to the specific requirements, functionally test the product and provide verification data, and direct ship to their end customer in order to reduce time, cost, and complexity within our customer's supply chain.
We are the only EMS provider with an on-site laboratory that has been approved by the Defense Logistics Agency (“DLA”) for their Qualified Testing Supplier List (“QTSL”) program which deems the site suitable to conduct various QTSL and military testing standards including counterfeit component analysis. In addition, this advanced laboratory is utilized for complex design analysis and manufacturing process development to solve challenges and accelerate our customers’ time to market.

We are a 100% U.S. manufacturer which attracts customers who are unlikely to utilize offshore suppliers due to the proprietary nature of their products, governmental restrictions or volume considerations. Our locations include:

Newark, New York - Located approximately one hour east of Rochester, New York, our Newark location is our corporate headquarters and is the largest manufacturing location providing complex circuit board manufacturing, interconnect solutions, and system-level assemblies along with an on-site material analysis laboratory for advanced manufacturing process development.
Rochester, New York - Focuses on precision metalworking services including complex metal chassis and assemblies.
Albuquerque, New Mexico - Specializes in the aerospace and defense markets with complex circuit board and system-level assemblies along with a state of the art analysis and testing laboratory which conducts counterfeit component analysis and complex design analysis.

We excel at complex, highly engineered products that require sophisticated manufacturing support where quality and reliability are of paramount importance. With our customers at the center of everything we do, we have created a high-intensity, rapid response culture capable of reacting and adapting to their ever-changing needs.  Our customer-centric approach offers a high degree of flexibility while simultaneously complying with rigorous quality and on-time delivery standards.

We proactively invest in areas we view as important for our continued long-term growth. All of our locations are ISO 9001:2008 certified and ITAR registered. We are Nadcap accredited and AS9100D and AS9100C certified at our Newark and Albuquerque locations, respectively, to support the stringent quality requirements of the aerospace industry. Our Newark location is ISO 13485 certified to serve the medical sector and is an approved supplier by the National Security Agency (“NSA”) under the COMSEC standard regarding communications security. Our analysis & testing laboratory in Albuquerque is ISO 17025 accredited, an IPC-approved Validation Services Test Laboratory, and is the only on-site EMS laboratory that has been approved by the DLA for their QTSL program which deems the site suitable to conduct various QTSL and military testing standards including counterfeit component analysis. Albuquerque also performs work per NASA-STD-8739 and J-STD-001ES space standards.

The technical expertise of our experienced workforce enables us to build some of the most advanced electronic, wire and cable, interconnect solutions, and precision metal systems sought by original equipment manufacturers (“OEMs”).

Employees are our single greatest resource. Our total employees numbered 798, all of which are full time employees, at March 29, 2019. Total employment increased by 58 employees during the three months ended March 29, 2019, our second quarter of fiscal 2019. Some of our full-time employees are temporary employees. We make a concerted effort to engage our employees in initiatives that improve our business and provide opportunities for growth, and we believe that our employee relations are good. We have access to large and technically qualified workforces in close proximity to our operating locations in Rochester, NY and Albuquerque, NM.

26




Three Months Results
 
A summary of selected income statement amounts for the three months ended follows:
 

Three Months Ended
Income Statement Data

March 29,
2019
 
March 30,
2018
(in thousands)

 
 

Net sales

$
37,294

 
$
31,768



 
 
 
Gross profit

4,586

 
4,784

Selling and administrative expenses

3,328

 
2,923

Interest and financing expense

385

 
278

Income before income taxes

873

 
1,583

Income tax expense
 
203

 
4

Net income
 
$
670

 
$
1,579

 
A summary of sales, according to the market sector within which our customers operate, follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended
% of Sales by Sector
 
March 29,
2019
 
March 30,
2018