Company Quick10K Filing
Immune Therapeutics
Price0.00 EPS-5
Shares0 P/E-0
MCap0 P/FCF0
Net Debt-0 EBIT-2
TEV-0 TEV/EBIT0
TTM 2019-09-30, in MM, except price, ratios
10-Q 2020-06-30 Filed 2020-08-14
10-Q 2020-03-31 Filed 2020-06-29
10-K 2019-12-31 Filed 2020-05-14
10-Q 2019-09-30 Filed 2019-11-19
10-Q 2019-06-30 Filed 2019-08-14
10-Q 2019-03-31 Filed 2019-05-20
10-K 2018-12-31 Filed 2019-04-16
10-Q 2018-09-30 Filed 2018-11-14
10-Q 2018-06-30 Filed 2018-08-14
10-Q 2018-03-31 Filed 2018-05-15
10-K 2017-12-31 Filed 2018-04-02
10-Q 2017-09-30 Filed 2017-11-14
10-Q 2017-06-30 Filed 2017-08-14
10-Q 2017-03-31 Filed 2017-05-12
10-K 2016-12-31 Filed 2017-03-31
10-Q 2016-09-30 Filed 2016-11-14
10-Q 2016-06-30 Filed 2016-08-15
10-Q 2016-03-31 Filed 2016-05-16
10-K 2015-12-31 Filed 2016-03-30
10-Q 2015-09-30 Filed 2015-11-16
10-Q 2015-06-30 Filed 2015-08-14
10-Q 2015-05-13 Filed 2015-05-15
10-K 2014-12-31 Filed 2015-03-31
10-Q 2014-09-30 Filed 2014-11-14
10-Q 2014-06-30 Filed 2014-08-14
10-Q 2014-03-31 Filed 2014-05-15
10-K 2013-12-31 Filed 2014-03-31
10-Q 2013-09-30 Filed 2013-11-14
10-Q 2013-06-30 Filed 2013-08-13
10-Q 2013-03-31 Filed 2013-05-15
8-K 2020-08-16 Enter Agreement
8-K 2020-07-22 Officers
8-K 2020-05-14
8-K 2020-04-29
8-K 2020-03-20
8-K 2020-02-27
8-K 2020-02-14
8-K 2019-10-25
8-K 2019-09-20
8-K 2019-05-30
8-K 2019-05-15
8-K 2019-01-02
8-K 2018-06-04
8-K 2018-04-26
8-K 2018-04-17
8-K 2018-03-26

IMUN 10Q Quarterly Report

Part 1 - Financial Information
Item 1. Financial Statements
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operation
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Part II - Other Information
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
Item 2. Subsequent Events
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities
Item 6. Exhibits
EX-10.71 ex10-71.htm
EX-10.72 ex10-72.htm
EX-31.1 ex31-1.htm
EX-32.1 ex32-1.htm

Immune Therapeutics Earnings 2020-06-30

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow
251791-7-152012201420172020
Assets, Equity
1.4-8.9-19.2-29.4-39.7-50.02012201420172020
Rev, G Profit, Net Income
2.41.50.6-0.4-1.3-2.22012201420172020
Ops, Inv, Fin

10-Q 1 form10-q.htm

 

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

[X] QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2020

 

OR

 

[  ] TRANSITION REPORT UNDER SECTION 13 OF 15(d) OF THE EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

From the transition period from ___________ to ____________

 

Commission File Number 000-54933

 

IMMUNE THERAPEUTICS, INC.

(Exact name of small business issuer as specified in its charter)

 

Florida   59-3226705

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(IRS Employer

Identification No.)

 

2431 Aloma Ave., Suite 124, Winter Park, FL 32792

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

888-613-8802

(Issuer’s telephone number)

 

 

(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act during the past 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days: Yes [X] No [  ]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes [X] No [  ]

 

Indicate by a check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

  Large Accelerated Filer [  ] Accelerated Filer [  ]
     
  Non-Accelerated Filer [  ] Smaller Reporting Company [X]

 

Indicate by a check mark whether the company is a shell company (as defined by Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act: Yes [  ] No [X]

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class   Trading Symbol(s)   Name of each exchange on which registered
Common   IMUN   OTC Markets

 

As of August 14, 2020, there were 457,578 shares of Common Stock outstanding.

 

 

 

 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

2

 

 

CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

Certain statements contained or incorporated by reference in this Annual Report on Form 10-Q are considered forward-looking statements (within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995) concerning our business, results of operations, economic performance and/or financial condition, based on management’s current expectations, plans, estimates, assumptions and projections. Forward-looking statements are included, for example, in the discussions about:

 

  strategy;
  new product discovery and development;
  current or pending clinical trials;
  our products’ ability to demonstrate efficacy or an acceptable safety profile;
  actions by the FDA and other regulatory authorities;
  product manufacturing, including our arrangements with third-party suppliers;
  product introduction and sales;
  royalties and contract revenues;
  expenses and net income;
  credit and foreign exchange risk management;
  liquidity;
  asset and liability risk management;
  the outcome of litigation and other proceedings;
  intellectual property rights and protection;
  economic factors;
  competition; and
  legal risks.

 

Any statements contained in this report that are not statements of historical fact may be deemed forward-looking statements. Forward- looking statements generally are identified by the words “expects,” “anticipates,” “believes,” “intends,” “estimates,” “aims,” “plans,” “may,” “could,” “will,” “will continue,” “seeks,” “should,” “predict,” “potential,” “outlook,” “guidance,” “target,” “forecast,” “probable,” “possible” or the negative of such terms and similar expressions. Forward-looking statements are subject to change and may be affected by risks and uncertainties, most of which are difficult to predict and are generally beyond our control. Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date they are made, and we undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statement in light of new information or future events, except as required by law, although we intend to continue to meet our ongoing disclosure obligations under the U.S. securities laws and other applicable laws.

 

We caution you that a number of important factors could cause actual results or outcomes to differ materially from those expressed in, or implied by, the forward-looking statements, and therefore you should not place too much reliance on them. These factors include, among others, those described herein, under “Risk Factors” and elsewhere in this Annual Report and in our other public reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. It is not possible to predict or identify all such factors, and therefore the factors that are noted are not intended to be a complete discussion of all potential risks or uncertainties that may affect forward-looking statements. If these or other risks and uncertainties materialize, or if the assumptions underlying any of the forward-looking statements prove incorrect, our actual performance and future actions may be materially different from those expressed in, or implied by, such forward- looking statements. We can offer no assurance that our estimates or expectations will prove accurate or that we will be able to achieve our strategic and operational goals.

 

Forward-looking statements are based on information we have when those statements are made or management’s good faith belief as of that time with respect to future events, and are subject to significant risks and uncertainties that could cause actual performance or results to differ materially from those expressed in or suggested by the forward-looking statements. Important factors that could cause such differences include, but are not limited to:

 

  our lack of operating history;
  our inability to keep up with industry competition;
  interpretations of current laws and the passages of future laws;
  acceptance of our business model by investors and our ability to raise capital;
  our reliance on key personnel, including our ability to attract and retain scientists;
  our reliance on third party manufacturing to supply drugs for clinical trials and sales;
  our limited distribution organization with no sales and marketing staff;
  our being subject to product liability claims;
  our reliance on key personnel, including our ability to attract and retain scientists;
  legislation or regulation that may increase the cost of our business or limit our service and product offerings;
  risks related to our intellectual property, including our ability to adequately protect intellectual property rights;
  risks related to government regulation, including our ability to obtain approvals for the commercialization of some or all of our drug candidates, and ongoing regulatory obligations and continued regulatory review which may result in significant additional expense and subject us to penalties if we fail to comply with applicable regulatory requirements; and
  our ability to obtain regulatory approvals in foreign jurisdictions to allow us to market our products internationally.

 

Moreover, new risks regularly emerge and it is not possible for our management to predict or articulate all risks we face, nor can we assess the impact of all risks on our business or the extent to which any risk, or combination of risks, may cause actual results to differ from those contained in any forward-looking statements. All forward-looking statements included in this prospectus are based on information available to us on the date of this Annual Report. Except to the extent required by applicable laws or rules, we undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. All subsequent written and oral forward-looking statements attributable to us or persons acting on our behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by the cautionary statements contained above and throughout this Annual Report.

 

3

 

 

JUMPSTART OUR BUSINESS STARTUPS ACT

 

We qualify as an “emerging growth company” as defined in Section 101 of the Jumpstart our Business Startups Act (“JOBS Act”) as we do not have more than $1,000,000,000 in annual gross revenue and did not have such amount as of December 31, 2019, the last day of our last fiscal year. We are electing to use the extended transition period for complying with new or revised accounting standards under Section 102(b)(1) of the JOBS Act.

 

As an emerging growth company, we are permitted to, and intend to, rely on exemptions from certain disclosure requirements that are otherwise applicable to public companies. These provisions include, but are not limited to:

 

  being permitted to present only two years of audited financial statements and only two years of related “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in this annual report;
  not being requested to comply with the auditor attestation requirements of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, as amended (“Sarbanes-Oxley Act”);
  reduced disclosure obligations regarding executive compensation in our periodic reports, proxy statements and registration statements; and
  exemptions from the requirements of holding a nonbinding advisory vote on executive compensation and stockholder approval of any golden parachute payments not previously approved.

 

We will remain an emerging growth company until the earliest to occur of: (i) our reporting $1 billion or more in annual gross revenues; (ii) the end of fiscal year 2020; (iii) our issuance, in a three year period, of more than $1 billion in non-convertible debt; and (iv) the end of the fiscal year in which the market value of our common stock held by non-affiliates exceeded $700 million on the last business day of our second fiscal quarter.

 

4

 

 

PART 1 – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

IMMUNE THERAPEUTICS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

 

   (Unaudited)     
   June 30, 2020   December 31, 2019 
ASSETS          
           
Current Assets:          
Cash  $45,267    4,925 
Total current assets   45,267    4,925 
           
Fixed Assets:          
Computer equipment, net of accumulated depreciation of $12,840 and 12,522 respectively   373    691 
Deposits   200    200 
           
Total assets  $45,840    5,816 
           
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ DEFICIT          
           
Current Liabilities:          
Accounts payable  $2,776,837    2,655,949 
Accrued liabilities   4,994,349    4,646,771 
Net payables due to related parties   76,171    48,217 
Notes payable, net of debt discount   5,580,439    5,545,371 
Derivative liability   1,903,085    798,126 
Total current liabilities   15,330,881    13,694,437 
           
Total liabilities   15,330,881    13,694,437 
           
Commitments and Contingencies (Note 12)          
           
Stockholders’ Deficit:          
Common stock – par value $0.0001; 750,000,000 shares authorized; 457,578 and 457,578 shares issued and outstanding respectively   46    46 
Additional paid in capital   370,908,099    370,908,099 
Stock issuances due   10,303    10,303 
Accumulated deficit   (386,203,489)   (384,607,069)
           
Total stockholders’ deficit   (15,285,041)   (13,688,621)
Total liabilities and stockholders’ deficit  $45,840    5,816 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

5

 

 

IMMUNE THERAPEUTICS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF OPERATIONS

(Unaudited)

 

   Three Months ended   Six Months ended 
   June 30, 2020   June 30, 2019   June 30, 2020   June 30, 2019 
                 
Operating expenses                    
Selling, general and administrative   21,790    496,996    385,427    983,581 
Research and development expense   (3,944)   -    27,566    - 
Stock issued for services G&A   -    -    -    120,000 
Depreciation and amortization expense   160    304    319    691 
Total operating expense   18,006    497,300    413,312    1,104,272 
                     
Loss from operations   (18,006)   (497,300)   (413,312)   (1,104,272)
                     
Other income (expense):                    
Interest expense   (126,964)   (157,145)   (213,149)   (272,354)
Finance charges   (137,397)   -    (137,397)   - 
Gain/(Loss) on valuation derivative   (521,179)   (170,264)   (832,562)   (157,492)
Total other expense   (785,540)   (327,409)   (1,183,108)   (429,846)
                     
Net loss  $(803,546)  $(824,709)  $(1,596,420)  $(1,534,118)
Net loss attributable to common stockholders  $(803,546)  $(824,709)  $(1,596,420)  $(1,534,118)
                     
Basic and diluted loss per share attributable to common stockholders  $(1.76)  $(1.81)  $(3.49)  $(3.40)
                     
Weighted average number of shares outstanding   457,578    455,578    457,578    451,624 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

6

 

 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY/(DEFICIT)

FOR THE PERIODS ENDED JUNE 30, 2020 AND 2019

(Unaudited)

 

   Common Stock   Additional
Paid-in
   Stock To
Be
   Prepaid   Accumulated   Non-
Controlling
     
   Shares   Amount   Capital   Issued   Services   Deficit   Interest   Total 
Balance December 31, 2018   434,323   $44   $369,924,426   $35,303   $-   $(381,210,411)  $-   $(11,250,638)
                                         
Issuance of common stock for prepaid services   3,000    -    120,000    -    -    -    -    120,000 
                                         
Issuance of warrants in connection with debt agreement   -    -    73,000    -    -    -    -    73,000 
                                         
Issuance of common stock in exchange for debt   18,255    2    62,432    -    -    -    -    62,434 
                                         
Net loss   -    -    -    -    -    (1,534,118)   -    (1,534,118)
                                         
Balance June 30, 2019   455,578   $46   $370,179,858   $35,303   $-   $(382,744,529)  $-   $(12,529,322)
                                         
Balance, December 31, 2019   457,578   $46   $370,908,099   $10,303   $-    (384,607,069)  $-   $(13,688,621)
                                         
Net loss   -    -    -    -    -    (1,596,420)   -    (1,596,420)
                                         
Balance June 30, 2020     457,578   $      46   $  370,908,099   $  10,303   $          -   $  (386,203,489)  $              -   $  (15,285,041)

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

7

 

 

IMMUNE THERAPEUTICS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS

(Unaudited)

 

   Six Months Ended 
   June 30, 2020   June 30, 2019 
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES          
Net loss  $(1,596,420)  $(1,534,118)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash flows from/ (used in) operating activities:          
Depreciation   319    691 
Amortization of debt discount   25,065    163,019 
Stock issued for services   -    120,000 
Finance charges   

137,397

    - 
Change in value of derivative   832,562    157,492 
           
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:          
Due to Cytocom Inc.   27,954    - 
Accounts payable   120,889    386,972 
Inventories   -    82,801 
Accrued liabilities   357,576    638,681 
           
Net cash from/ (used in) operating activities   (94,658)   15,538 
CASH FLOW FROM INVESTING ACTIVITES          
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITES          
Proceeds from issuance of notes payable   135,000    - 
           
Net cash provided by financing activities   135,000    - 
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents   40,432    15,538 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period   4,925    5,859 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period  $45,267   $21,397 

 

    Six Months Ended,  
    June 30, 2020     June 30, 2019  
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURE OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION:                
Cash paid for interest   $  -     $ 16,000  
                 
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURE OF NON-CASH INVESTING AND FINANCING ACTIVITES:                
                 
Debt discounts on notes payable and warrants   $ 135,000     $ 73,000  
                 
Conversion of debt and accrued interest to common stock   $ -     $ 27,110  
                 
Reclassification from notes payable to accounts payable   $ -     $ 254,749  
                 
Debt settled and reclassified to accrued expenses   $ -     $ 35,325  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

8

 

 

Immune Therapeutics, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

June 30, 2020

(Unaudited)

 

1. Organization and Description of Business

 

Immune Therapeutics, Inc. (the “Company”) was initially incorporated in Florida on December 2, 1993 as Resort Clubs International, Inc. (“Resort Clubs”). On November 10, 2004, Galliano International Ltd. merged with Resort Clubs; Resort Clubs was the surviving corporation. On August 23, 2010, Resort Clubs changed its name to pH Environmental Inc. (“pH Environmental”). On April 23, 2012, pH Environmental completed a name change to TNI BioTech, Inc., and on April 24, 2012, it executed a share exchange agreement for the acquisition of all of the outstanding shares of TNI BioTech IP, Inc. In October 2014, the name was changed to Immune Therapeutics, Inc.

 

The Company initially focused on acquiring patents that would protect and advance the development of new uses of opioid-related immune therapies such as low dose naltrexone (“LDN”) and Methionine [Met5]-enkephalin (“MENK”) to stimulate and/or regulate the immune system to treat a variety of diseases. The Company believed that the therapies may be able to correct abnormalities or deficiencies in the immune system in diseases such as HIV infection, autoimmune disease, immune disorders, or cancer, all of which can lead to disease progression and life-threatening situations when the immune system is not functioning optimally.

 

In December 2013, the Company formed a subsidiary, Cytocom Inc. (“Cytocom”), to focus on conducting LDN and MENK clinical trials in the United States. In a series of licensing agreements between the Company and Cytocom entered into between 2014 and 2020, in return for an up-front payment, the transfer of certain Company notes payable and other liabilities to Cytocom, and the payment of royalties by Cytocom on future sales, the Company transferred rights to Cytocom to develop and sell LDN and MENK for treatment in humans in the United States and certain other developed economies. The Company retained the right to develop and sell the licensed products in Emerging Markets.

 

Under a May 2018 amendment to the licensing agreements, the royalty due from Cytocom was set at 1% of sales and the Company no longer had any ongoing obligations to pay for costs in connection with the assets of Cytocom. As a consequence of this amendment, the Company no longer consolidated the financial statements of Cytocom with its own statements. Under a December 2018 amendment, Cytocom became obligated to maintain Immune’s ownership at not less than 15.5% of Cytocom. At June 30, 2020, the Company’s equity interest in Cytocom stood at 14.34% of Cytocom’s issued and outstanding common stock.

 

On February 27, 2020, the Company entered into a license agreement (the “License Agreement”) with Forte Biotechnology International Corp. (“Forte”), which granted Forte an exclusive license to develop and commercialize pharmaceutical products consisting of Lodonal and MENK for use in veterinary applications for all indications world-wide. Forte is managed by Noreen Griffin, a former Chief Executive Officer of the Company.

 

9

 

 

At present, the Company is a late development-stage biopharmaceutical company focused on the licensing, development and commercialization of innovative prescription medications for humans in Africa, Central and South America, the Caribbean and China. The Company is not permitted to market its licensed products in the United States.

 

Going Concern

 

The Company has incurred significant net losses since inception and has relied on its ability to fund its operations through private equity financings. Management expects operating losses and negative cash flows to continue at more significant levels in the future. As the Company continues to incur losses, transition to profitability is dependent upon the successful development, approval, and commercialization of its product candidate and the achievement of a level of revenues adequate to support the Company’s cost structure. The Company may never achieve profitability, and unless and until it does, the Company will continue to need to raise additional cash. Management intends to fund future operations through additional private or public debt or equity offerings and may seek additional capital through arrangements with strategic partners or from other sources. Based on the Company’s operating plan, existing working capital at June 30, 2020 was not sufficient to meet the cash requirements to fund planned operations through for the next 12 months without additional sources of cash. These conditions raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. The accompanying financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern and do not include adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty. This basis of accounting contemplates the recovery of the Company’s assets and the satisfaction of liabilities in the normal course of business.

 

The Company experienced a net loss attributable to common shareholders of $803,546 during the three months ended June 30, 2020, resulting in stockholders’ deficit of $15,285,041 at that date.

 

2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

 

Basis of Presentation

 

The consolidated financial statements included herein have been prepared by the Company, without audit, pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles have been omitted. However, in the opinion of management, all adjustments (which include only normal recurring adjustments, unless otherwise indicated) necessary to present fairly the financial position and results of operations for the periods presented have been made. The results for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of trends or of results to be expected for the full year. These financial statements should be read in conjunction with the financial statements of the Company for the year ended December 31, 2019 (including the notes thereto) set forth in Form 10- K.

 

We have identified the policies below as critical to our business operations and the understanding of its results of operations. The Company’s senior management has reviewed these critical accounting policies and related disclosures with the Company’s Board of Directors. The impact and any associated risks related to these policies on our business operations are discussed throughout this section where such policies affect our reported and expected financial results.

 

The Company qualifies as an “emerging growth company” as defined in Section 101 of the Jumpstart our Business Startups Act (“JOBS Act”) as we do not have more than $1,000,000,000 in annual gross revenue for the year ended December 31, 2019. We are electing to use the extended transition period for complying with new or revised accounting standards under Section 102(b)(1) of the JOBS Act.

 

Shares Issued and Outstanding

 

On October 25, 2019, the Company closed voting by written consent as detailed in its Proxy Statement on form 14A, filed September 5, 2019 pursuant to Section 14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (“Proxy Statement”). The Proxy Statement disclosed actions for which the Company was soliciting written consent, including consent to effect a reverse stock split of the Company’s issued and outstanding, but not authorized, common stock (the “Reverse Split”) at a ratio of 1,000-to-1. The Company’s shareholders approved the Reverse Split. The implementation of the shareholder approval is subject to approval by the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (“FINRA”). In connection with our application to FINRA, on February 6, 2020, we filed Articles of Amendment to our Articles of Incorporation to effect the reverse stock split of our issued and outstanding, but not authorized, common stock at a ratio of 1 to 1,000. On March 12, 2020 we corrected a typographical error to reflect the proper ratio of 1 to 1,000 by the filing of Articles of Amendment to our Articles of Incorporation. Although we filed the Articles of Amendment at FINRA’s instruction, on June 9, 2020, we were advised by FINRA that our 1 for 1,000 reverse stock split would not be processed. By not processing the reverse stock split, quotations for our common stock do not reflect the 1 for 1,000 reverse stock split, which occurred on February 6, 2020. The financial statements accompanying this Form 10-Q are presented on the basis of the implementation of the reverse stock split.

 

10

 

 

Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of the Company’s financial statements in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ from such estimates.

 

Cash, Cash Equivalents, and Short-Term Investments

 

The Company considers all highly liquid investments with original maturities at the date of purchase of three months or less to be cash equivalents. Cash and cash equivalents include bank demand deposits, marketable securities with maturities of three months or less at purchase, and money market funds that invest primarily in certificates of deposits, commercial paper and U.S. government and U.S. government agency obligations. Cash equivalents are reported at fair value.

 

Concentration of Credit Risk

 

Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk are primarily cash and cash equivalents. The Company is exposed to credit risk, subject to federal deposit insurance, in the event of a default by the financial institutions holding its cash and cash equivalents to the extent of amounts recorded on the condensed consolidated balance sheets. The cash accounts are insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation up to $250,000. At June 30, 2020, the Company has no cash balances in excess of insured limits.

 

Segment and Geographic Information

 

Operating segments are defined as components of an enterprise about which separate discrete information is available for evaluation by the chief operating decision maker, or decision-making group, in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance. The Company views its operations and manages its business in one operating segment and does not segment the business for internal reporting or decision making.

 

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

 

In accordance with the reporting requirements of Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) Topic 825, “Financial Instruments”, the Company calculates the fair value of its assets and liabilities which qualify as financial instruments under this standard and includes this additional information in the notes to the financial statements when the fair value is different than the carrying value of those financial instruments. Cash, cash equivalents and accounts payable are accounted for at cost which approximates fair value due to the relatively short maturity of these instruments. The carrying value of notes payable also approximate fair value since they bear market rates of interest and other terms. None of these instruments are held for trading purposes.

 

Derivative Financial Instruments

 

FASB ASC 820, Fair Value Measurements requires bifurcation of certain embedded derivative instruments in certain debt or equity instruments, and measurement at their fair value for accounting purposes. A holder redemption feature embedded in the Company’s note payable requires bifurcation from its host instrument and is accounted for as a freestanding derivative.

 

Fixed Assets

 

Fixed assets are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation. Depreciation is determined on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives of the assets, which generally range from three to five years. Maintenance and repairs are charged against expense as incurred. Depreciation expense for the quarters ended June 30, 2020 and June 30, 2019 was $319 and $691, respectively.

 

11

 

 

Impairment of Long-Lived Assets

 

The Company evaluates long-lived assets for impairment whenever events or change in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable as prescribed by ASC Topic 360-10-05, “Property, Plant and Equipment.” If the carrying amount of the asset, including any intangible assets associated with that asset, exceeds its estimated undiscounted net cash flow, before interest, the Company will recognize an impairment loss equal to the difference between its carrying amount and its estimated fair value.

 

Research and Development Costs

 

Research and development costs are charged to expense as incurred and are typically comprised of salaries and benefits, pre-clinical studies, clinical trial activities, drug development and manufacturing, fees paid to consultants and other entities that conduct certain research and development activities on the Company’s behalf and third-party service fees, including clinical research organizations and investigative sites. Costs for certain development activities, such as clinical trials are recognized based on an evaluation of the progress to completion of specific tasks using data such as patient enrollment, clinical site activations, or information provided by vendors on their actual costs incurred. Payments for these activities are based on the terms of the individual arrangements, which may differ from the pattern of costs incurred, and are reflected in the financial statements as operating expenses.

 

Income Taxes

 

The Company follows ASC Topic 740, Income Taxes, which requires recognition of deferred tax assets and liabilities for the expected future tax consequences of events that have been included in the financial statements or tax returns. Under this method, deferred tax assets and liabilities are based on the differences between the financial statements and tax bases of assets and liabilities using enacted tax rates in effect for the year in which the differences are expected to reverse. Deferred tax assets are reduced by a valuation allowance to the extent management concludes it is more likely than not that the asset will not be realized. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled.

 

The standard addresses the determination of whether tax benefits claimed or expected to be claimed on a tax return should be recorded in the financial statements. Under ASC Topic 740, the Company may recognize the tax benefit from an uncertain tax position only if it is more likely than not that the tax position will be sustained on examination by the tax authorities, based on the technical merits of the position. The tax benefits recognized in the financial statements from such a position should be measured based on the largest benefit that has a greater than fifty percent likelihood of being realized upon ultimate settlement. ASC Topic 740 also provides guidance on de-recognition, classification, interest and penalties on income taxes, accounting in interim periods and requires increased disclosures. At the date of adoption, and as of June 30, 2020 and 2019, the Company does not have a liability for unrecognized tax uncertainties.

 

The Company’s policy is to record interest and penalties on uncertain tax positions as income tax expense. As of June 30, 2020, and 2019, the Company has not accrued any interest or penalties related to uncertain tax positions.

 

Stock-Based Compensation and Issuance of Stock for Non-Cash Consideration

 

The Company measures and recognizes compensation expense for all share-based payment awards made to employees and directors, including employee stock options, based on estimated fair values equaling either the market value of the shares issued or the value of consideration received, whichever is more readily determinable. The majority of the non-cash consideration pertains to services rendered by consultants and others and has been valued at the fair value of the Company’s common stock at the date of the agreement.

 

12

 

 

The Company’s accounting policy for equity instruments issued to consultants and vendors in exchange for goods and services follows the provisions of ASC Topic 505-50, “Equity-Based Payments to Non-Employees.” The measurement date for the fair value of the equity instruments issued is determined at the earlier of (i) the date at which a commitment for performance by the consultant or vendor is reached or (ii) the date at which the consultant or vendor’s performance is complete.

 

Net Loss per Share

 

Basic net loss per share is calculated by dividing the net loss attributable to common stockholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the period, without consideration for common stock equivalents. Diluted net loss per share is calculated by dividing the net loss by the weighted-average number of common share equivalents outstanding for the period determined using the treasury-stock method and the if-converted method. Dilutive common stock equivalents are comprised of common stock purchase warrants outstanding. For all periods presented, there is no difference in the number of shares used to calculate basic and diluted shares outstanding due to the Company’s net loss position.

 

The Company’s potential dilutive securities, which include stock and warrants, have been excluded from the computation of diluted net loss per share as the effect would be to reduce the net loss per share. Therefore, the weighted-average Common stock outstanding used to calculate both basic and diluted net loss per share is the same.

 

The following shares of potentially dilutive securities have been excluded from the computations of diluted weighted average shares outstanding as the effect of including such securities would be antidilutive:

 

   At June 30, 
   2020   2019 
Common Stock Purchase Warrants   19,290,036    4,211,061 
Convertible Debt   78,066    152,720 

 

Recent Accounting Standards

 

During the quarter ended June 30, 2020, there were several new accounting pronouncements issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board. Each of these pronouncements, as applicable, has been or will be adopted by the Company. Management does not believe the adoption of any of these accounting pronouncements has had or will have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

 

3. Accrued Liabilities

 

Accrued expenses and other liabilities consist of the following:

 

   June 30, 2020   December 31, 2019 
Accrued payroll  $3,685,046   $3,610,810 
Accrued interest and penalties – notes payable   1,098,246    899,904 
Estimated legal settlements   166,057    136,057 
Other accrued liabilities   45,000    48,217 
           
Total accrued expenses and other liabilities  $4,994,349   $4,694,988 

 

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4. Notes payable

 

Notes payable consist of the following:

 

   June 30, 2020   December 31, 2019 
Promissory notes issued between November 26, 2014 and December 31, 2015, to raise up to $2,000,000 in debt. Lenders earn interest at a rate of 10% per annum, plus a pro-rata share of two percent of the Company’s gross receipts for sales of IRT-103-LDN in perpetuity. Notes will be repaid in 36 monthly installments of principal and interest commencing no later than October 15, 2015. These notes were in default at June 30, 2020, as the Company was unable to pay installments on their due dates.   286,000    286,000 
           
Promissory notes issued between May 1, 2015 and December 31, 2016 and maturing between June 14, 2015 and December 1, 2017. Lenders on loans aggregating $675,994 earn interest at rates between 2% and 10% per annum. One loan, in the amount of $100,000, interest was payable in a fixed amount not tied to a specific interest rate. However, this note was extinguished and reassigned to a related party in 2019. The Company was unable to repay the remaining notes at maturity and at June 30, 2020 these notes were in default.   625,994    625,994 
           
Promissory notes issued to an officer of the Company effective November 3, 2015 and maturing November 3, 2016 for settlement of accrued payroll, bearing interest at 10% per annum and including a stock conversion feature. The Company was unable to repay the note at maturity and at June 30, 2020 the note was in default.   97,737    97,737 
           
Promissory notes issued between July 1, 2016 and December 31, 2016. Lenders earn interest at 2% per annum. The notes mature on December 31, 2017, and at June 30, 2020 the notes were in default.   206,000    206,000 
           
Promissory notes aggregating $1,350,000 issued in the fourth quarter 2016. The notes accrue interest at 2% per annum and mature between November 1, 2017 and December 31, 2017. As June 30, 2020, the notes were in default.   1,354,000    1,354,000 
           
Promissory notes aggregating $500,000 issued in the first quarter of 2017. The notes accrue interest at 2% per annum and mature between January 12, 2018 and September 30, 2018. At June 30, 2020, the notes were in default.   500,000    500,000 
           
Promissory notes aggregating $300,000 issued in the second quarter of 2017. The notes accrue interest at 2% per annum and mature between April 3, 2018 and May 31, 2018. At June 30, 2020, the notes were in default.   300,000    300,000 
           
Promissory notes aggregating $191,800 issued in the third quarter of 2017. The notes accrue interest at 2% per annum and mature between June 16, 2018 and December 31, 2018. At June 30, 2020, the notes were in default.   191,800    191,800 

 

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Promissory note for $425,000 issued in October 2017 with an original issue discount of $70,000. The note is in default, giving the holder an option to convert the note to stock using the lowest value of the Company’s common stock 25 days prior to the conversion. In 2018, the defaults also resulted in certain penalties, as a result of which the principal amount of the note outstanding at June 30, 2020 had increased to $454,032. $49,943 of accrued interest owed on the note has been converted to stock. The Company has accrued a $1,486,204 derivative liability for the remaining conversion right.   454,032    454,032 
           
Promissory notes aggregating $105,500 issued in the fourth quarter of 2017. The notes accrue interest at 2% per annum. At June 30, 2020, the notes were in default.   105,500    105,500 
           
Promissory notes aggregating $47,975 issued in the first quarter of 2018. The notes accrue interest at 2% per annum and mature between May 2018 and January 2019. At June 30, 2020, the notes were in default.   47,975    47,975 
           
Promissory notes aggregating $125,000 issued in the first quarter of 2018. The notes accrue interest between 2% and 12% per annum and mature between April 2018 and June 2018. These notes include warrants between 5,000 and 20,000 shares with an exercise price of $0.5. At June 30, 2020 the notes were in default   125,000    125,000 
           
Promissory notes aggregating $65,000 issued in the second quarter of 2018. The notes accrue interest between 2% per annum and mature between July 2018 and October 2018. These notes include warrants between 1,000 and 5,000 shares with an exercise price of $5. At June 30, 2020 the notes were in default   65,000    65,000 
           
Promissory notes aggregating $208,000 issued in the third quarter of 2018, of which $3,000 is to a related party. The notes accrue interest at 2% per annum and mature between November 2018 and January 2019. These notes include warrants between 600 and 5,000 shares with an exercise price of $5. At June 30, 2020, the notes were in default.   208,000    198,000 
           
Promissory notes aggregating $533,855 issued in the fourth quarter of 2018, of which $210,000 is to a related party. The notes accrue interest from 2% to 3.5% per annum and mature between February 2019 and December 2019. These notes include warrants between 200 and 39,500 shares with an exercise price of $5 to $40. At June 30, 2020, the note was in default.   533,855    533,855 
           
Promissory note for $23,000 issued to a related party in the first quarter of 2019. The note accrues interest at 2% per annum and matures during July 2019. The note includes warrants for 4,600 shares with an exercise price of $5. At June 30, 2020, the note was in default.   23,000    23,000 
           
Promissory note for $231,478 issued in the first quarter of 2019. The note accrues interest at 6% per annum and matured in February 2020. At June 30, 2020, the notes were in default.   231,478    231,478 
           
Promissory notes aggregating $50,000 issued in the second quarter of 2019, of which $40,000 is to a related party. The notes accrue interest at 2% per annum and mature between July and September 2019. These notes include warrants for 10,000 shares with an exercise price of $5. At June 30, 2020, the notes were in default.   50,000    50,000 

 

15

 

 

Promissory note in the amount of $150,000 issued on October 1, 2019 for the settlement of outstanding debt in the same amount. The note accrues interest at 15% per annum, with $1,875 due in monthly interest payments, and matures on April 30, 2021.     150,000       150,000  
                 
Promissory notes in the amount of $144,000 issued in the second quarter of 2020. The notes accrue interest at 12% per annum, and mature between March 31, 2021 and June 15, 2021. The Company has accrued a $416,880 derivative liability for the conversion rights attached to the notes.     144,000       -  
                 
Less: Original issue discount on notes payable and warrants issued with notes.       (118,932 )     -  
                 
Total   $ 5,580,439     $ 5,545,371  

 

As of June 30, 2020, the Company had accrued $1,098,246 in unpaid interest and default penalties. During the quarter ended June 30, 2020, no shares were issued by the Company in settlement of promissory notes.

 

As of June 30, 2019, the Company had accrued $959,412 in unpaid interest and default penalties. During the quarter ended June 30, 2019, no shares were issued by the Company in settlement of promissory notes.

 

5. Derivative Liabilities

 

As of June 30, 2020, and December 31, 2019 the aggregate fair value of the outstanding derivative liabilities was $1,903,085 and $798,126, respectively. The Company estimated the fair value of the derivative liability using the Black-Scholes option pricing model using the following key assumption during the quarter ended June 30, 2020:

 

  

Three months ended

June 30, 2020

 
Volatility   162.79%
Risk-free interest rate   0.16%
Expected dividends   -%
Expected term   1 year 

 

The Company determines the fair values of its financial instruments based on the fair value hierarchy, which requires an entity to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value. The following three levels of inputs may be used to measure fair value:

 

Level 1 Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the Company has the ability to access at the measurement date.

 

Level 2 Observable inputs other than Level 1 prices, such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities; quoted prices in markets that are not active; or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities.

 

Level 3 Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities.

 

The Company uses Level 3 inputs to estimate the fair value of its derivative liabilities.

 

The following schedule summarizes the valuation of financial instruments at fair value in the balance sheet as of June 30, 2020:

 

   Fair Value Measurements as of June 30, 2020 
   Level 1   Level 2   Level 3 
Assets               
Total assets   -    -    - 
Liabilities               
Conversion option derivative liability  $-   $-   $1,903,085 
Total liabilities  $-   $-   $1,903,085 

 

 

16

 

 

The following table set forth a reconciliation of changes in the fair value of derivative liabilities classified as Level 3 in the fair value hierarchy:

 

   Conversion
option
derivative
liability
 
Beginning balance  $798,126 
Additions   272,397 
Change in fair value   832,562 
Ending balance  $1,903,085 

 

6. Capital Structure – Common Stock and Stock Purchase Warrants

 

Each holder of common stock is entitled to vote on all matters and is entitled to one vote for each share held. No holder of shares of stock of any class shall be entitled as a matter of right to subscribe for or purchase or receive any part of any new or additional issue of shares of stock of any class, or of securities convertible into shares of stock or any class, whether now hereafter authorized or whether issued for money, for consideration other than money, or by way of dividend.

 

Stock Warrants

 

In the three months ended June 30, 2020, no new warrants were issued by the Company.

 

There were no modifications of the terms of any warrants issued by the Company in the quarters ended June 30, 2020 and 2019.

 

Following is a summary of outstanding stock warrants at, and activity during the six months ended, June 30, 2020:

 

   Number
of Shares
   Exercise Price   Weighted Average Price 
Warrants as of December 31, 2019    19,291,336    $ 0.05-500       $4.21 
                
Issued    -   $-   $                  - 
                
Expired and forfeited    (1,300)   $ 100-500       $192.31 
                
Exercised    -   $-   $- 
                
Warrants as of June 30, 2020    19,290,036    $ 0.05-200       $4.20 

 

Summary of outstanding warrants as of June 30, 2020:

 

Expiration Date  Number of Shares   Exercise Price   Remaining Life (years) 
             
Fourth Quarter 2020   1,000   $200    0.50 
First Quarter 2021   12,600   $200    0.75 
Second Quarter 2021   5,812   $14-200    1.00 
Third Quarter 2021   5,167   $30-200    1.25 
Fourth Quarter 2021   300   $100    1.50 
First Quarter 2022   150   $200    1.75 
Second Quarter 2022   1,750   $150    2.00 
Third Quarter 2022   1,650   $50-100    2.25 
Fourth Quarter 2022   9,811   $80-290    2.50 
First Quarter 2023   1,204,000   $0.05-40    2.75 
Second Quarter 2023   802,000   $0.05-200    3.00 
Third Quarter 2023   7,521,500   $0.05-100    3.25 
Fourth Quarter 2023   6,024,300   $0.05-0.20    3.50 
First Quarter 2024   3,660,000   $0.05    3.75 
Second Quarter 2024   8,000   $5    4.00 
Third Quarter 2028   3,000   $70    8.25 
Second Quarter 2032   28,995    $ 10-70        12.00 
    19,290,036    $ 0.05-200          

 

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7. Stock Compensation

 

Shares Issued for Services

 

During the quarters ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, the Company issued 0 and 3,000,000 shares of common stock respectively for consulting fees. The Company valued these shares at $0 and $120,000 respectively, based upon the fair value of the common stock at the dates of the agreements.

 

8. Income Taxes – Results of Operations

 

There was no income tax expense reflected in the results of operations for the years ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 because the Company incurred a net loss in both years.

 

For U.S. federal purposes the corporate statutory income tax rate was 21%, for 2019 and 2020 tax years.

 

The Company has recognized no tax benefit for the losses generated for the periods through June 30, 2020. ASC Topic 740 requires that a valuation allowance be provided if it is more likely than not that some portion or all of a deferred tax asset will not be realized. The Company’s ability to realize the benefit of its deferred tax asset will depend on the generation of future taxable income. Because the Company has yet to recognize revenue, we believe that the full valuation allowance should be provided.

 

Our effective tax rate for fiscal years 2020 and 2019 was 0%. Our tax rate can be affected by recurring items, such as tax rates in foreign jurisdictions and the relative amount of income we earn in jurisdictions. It may also be affected by discrete items that may occur in any given year but are not consistent from year to year.

 

9. Licenses and Supply Agreements

 

Patent and Subsidiary Acquisition

 

In December 2014, the Company transferred to Cytocom certain of its rights, title and interest in or relating to intellectual property (i) patents, patent applications, and all divisional, continuations and continuations-in-part thereof, together with all reissues, reexaminations, renewals and extensions thereof and all rights to obtain such divisionals, continuations and continuations-in-part, reissues, reexaminations, renewals and extensions, and all utility models and statutory invention registrations and any other such analogous rights, (ii) trademarks, service marks, Internet domain names, trade dress, trade styles, logos, trade names, services names, brand names, corporate names, assumed business names and general intangibles and other source identifiers of a like nature, together with the goodwill associated with any of the foregoing, and all registrations and applications for registrations thereof, together with all renewals and extensions thereof and all rights to obtain such renewals and extensions, (iii) copyrights, mask work rights, database and design rights, moral rights and rights in Internet websites, whether registered or unregistered and whether published or unpublished, all registrations and recordings thereof and all applications in connection therewith, together with all renewals, continuations, reversions and extensions thereof and all rights to obtain such renewals, continuations, reversions and extensions, and (iv) confidential and proprietary information, including, trade secrets and know-how. Cytocom licensed back to the Company a perpetual, non-exclusive, royalty-free right and license to use the assigned intellectual property for veterinary indications and for the marketing rights to emerging markets, access to all clinical data, use of the formulation for LDN and MENK.

 

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The Original Agreement also granted the Company rights to market Lodonal™ and Met-Enkephalin (“MENK”) in “Emerging Markets,” which included all countries excluding Canada, Italy, Japan, France, Germany, United Kingdom, European Community and the United States. Pursuant to the Original Agreement, the Company was required to pay Cytocom a 5% royalty on all sales all ongoing drug development and fees due in connection with the underlying patents until such time as Cytocom was funded.

 

On May 1, 2018, the Company entered into an amended and restated licensing agreement (the “Restated Agreement”) with Cytocom. The Restated Agreement restates the licensing arrangement between the Company and Cytocom as provided by the Original Agreement. The Restated Agreement grants the Company distribution and marketing rights for Lodonal™ and MENK for humans in Emerging Markets. The royalty due to Cytocom was reduced from 5% to 1% of sales and the Company no longer had any ongoing obligations to pay for the cost in connection with the assets of Cytocom.

 

On May 13, 2020, the Company and Cytocom entered into Amendment to The Second Amendment to The License Agreement (“Third Amendment”) to their Second Amendment to The License Agreement that is effective December 31, 2018. The Third Amendment made changes to the lists of liabilities that were assigned by the Company to Cytocom on the effective date. Simultaneously with the Third Amendment, the companies signed a PRC Amendment to The Second Amendment to The License Agreement, in which they confirmed that the term “the Republic of China” in the Second Amendment means the People’s Republic of China and not The Republic of China, also known as Taiwan.

 

On February 27, 2020, the Company approved and entered into a license agreement (the “License Agreement”) with Forte Biotechnology International Corp. (“Forte”). Under the License Agreement, the Company granted Forte an exclusive license to develop and commercialize pharmaceutical products consisting of Lodonal and MENK for use in veterinary applications for all indications world-wide. As consideration for the license, Forte agreed to make certain license, milestone and royalty payments to the Company. Forte is managed by Noreen Griffin, a former Chief Executive Officer of the Company.

 

10. Commitments and Contingencies

 

In October 2013, the Company announced the signing of a Distribution Agreement with AHAR Pharma, a Nigerian company, to market Lodonal™, in Nigeria for the treatment of autoimmune diseases and cancer. AHAR intends to distribute Lodonal™ through a local distributor network, an Internet client base and directly to hospitals, pharmacists and doctors in Nigeria. The first deliveries under the agreement took place in February 2018. Due to the fact that AHAR Pharma failed to meet its contractual purchase obligations, the Company formally issued notice of default under the agreement.

 

On April 18, 2018, AHAR Pharma transferred its rights under the Distribution Agreement to Fidson Healthcare Plc (“Fidson”), and Fidson signed an exclusive distribution agreement with the Company to distribute Lodonal™. Discussions between the Company and Fidson in the first half of 2020 did not result in any orders or shipments under this agreement.

 

Contract Manufacturing Agreements

 

On October 25, 2016, the Company and Acromax Dominicana, SA (“Acromax”), which is based in the Dominican Republic, entered into a contract for manufacturing of LDN tablets, capsules and/or creams (“Agreement”). Subject to the terms and conditions of the Agreement, Acromax will obtain all necessary licenses and permits to carry out the manufacturing and packaging of LDN in exchange for a fixed fee per tablet plus an additional fee for packaging, shipping and customs clearance. The Agreement has an initial term of five years unless terminated by either party in accordance with the terms.

 

Operating Leases

 

At June 30, 2020, the Company was a party to an agreement to lease office space in Winter Park, Florida. Rental expense for the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 was $177 and $2,162 respectively.

 

11. Subsequent Events

 

On July 22, 2020, director Kevin J. Phelps, interim president and CEO of the Company entered into a three-year executive employment agreement with the Company to serve as president and CEO. This agreement was formally approved by the Company’s Board as of July 24, 2020 with Mr. Phelps abstaining. While fully effective, the parties may expand and restate the Agreement within thirty days.

 

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ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATION

 

Forward-Looking Statements and Associated Risks

 

This section and other parts of this Form 10-Q contain forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements provide current expectations of future events based on certain assumptions and include any statement that does not directly relate to any historical or current fact. Forward-looking statements also can be identified by words such as “future,” “anticipates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “expects,” “intends,” “will,” “would,” “could,” “can,” “may,” and similar terms. Forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and the Company’s actual results may differ significantly from the results discussed in the forward-looking statements. Factors that might cause such differences include, but are not limited to, those discussed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K/A for the year ended December 31, 2019 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on May 14, 2020 (the “2019 Form 10-K”) under the heading “Risk Factors”.

 

The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the 2019 Form 10-K and the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included elsewhere in this Form 10-Q. All information presented herein is based on the Company’s fiscal calendar. Unless otherwise stated, references in this report to particular years, quarters, months or periods refer to the Company’s fiscal years ended in December and the associated quarters, months, or periods of those fiscal years. Each of the terms the “Company”, “we”, “us” or “our” as used herein refers collectively to Immune Therapeutics, Inc. and its subsidiaries, unless otherwise stated. The Company assumes no obligation to revise or update any forward-looking statements for any reason, except as required by law.

 

Three Months Ended June 30, 2020 Compared to Three Months Ended June 30, 2019

 

Revenues

 

We had no revenues from operations for the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019.

 

Operating Expenses

 

Selling, general and administrative

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses and related percentages for the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 were as follows (dollar amounts in thousands):

 

    For the three months ended June 30,  
    2020     2019  
Selling, general and administrative   $ 22     $ 497  
Decrease from prior year   $ (475 )   $ (623 )
Percent decrease from prior year     (96 )%     (56 )%

 

For the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, selling, general and administrative expenses were made up as follows (dollar amounts in thousands):

 

    For the three months ended June 30,  
    2020     2019  
Stock listing and investor relations expenses   $ 8     $ 6  
Consulting and contractors     105       42  
Payroll     (168 )     235  
Professional fees     24       37  
Travel     -       1  
Other expenses     53       176  

 

20

 

 

In the three months ended June 30, 2020, total cash and accruals for selling, general and administrative expense was $22 compared to $497 for the corresponding period in 2019, a decrease of $475 or 96%. Significant items included:

 

  consulting and contractor services entered into to assist the Company in raising capital, manage investor relations, and develop business in new markets, in the amount of $105 in 2020, an increase of $63 or 143% over the $42 spent in 2019. The increase was the result primarily of increased consulting services for the board of directors in 2020;
     
  professional fees for legal, tax and accounting services in the amount of $24 in 2020, a decrease of 13 or 35% over the $37 spent in 2019. The decrease was primarily due to a decrease in legal fees in 2020; and
     
  payroll in the amount of $(168) in 2020, a decrease of $403 or 172% over the $235 accrued in 2019, reflecting the departure of employees at the end of April 2020, and the reversal accruals related to the resignation of the chief executive officer in April 2020; and
     
  other expenses in the amount of $53 in 2020, a decrease of $123 or 70% over the $176 incurred in 2019, primarily reflecting a decrease in board of directors’ fees and employee allowances in 2020.

 

Research and development

 

R&D expenses and related percentages for the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 were as follows (dollar amounts in thousands):

 

   For the three months ended June 30, 
   2020   2019 
Research and development  $(4)  $- 
Increase/(decrease) from prior year  $(4)  $(57)
Percent increase/(decrease) from prior year   (100)%   (100)%

 

Expenses for research and development in the three months ended June 30, 2020 was $(4) compared to $0 in the same period in 2019, reflecting a cost of $2 to maintain intellectual property licenses, offset by contractors’ credits in the amount of $(6) in 2020.

 

Stock issued for services

 

The Company periodically receives services from consultants under long-term consulting contracts, in terms of which it issues stock to prepay for the services. In such cases, the Company initially accounts for the full cost of these services as Prepaid Services on its balance sheet, calculated by the number of shares issued multiplied by the share price on the contract date. This amount is then amortized as a cost over the period in which the services are provided to the Company. The Company reports these costs separately from Selling, general and administrative costs, and Research and development costs, to better demonstrate the true costs of Selling, general and administrative activities, and Research and development.

 

Amortization of amounts recorded as Prepaid Services for stock issued for services G&A and related percentages for the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 were as follows (dollar amounts in thousands):

 

   For the three months ended June 30, 
   2020   2019 
Amortization of prepaid consulting expense G&A  $-   $- 
Percentage decrease from prior year   -%   (100)%

 

The number of shares issued for prepaid consulting services G&A in the three months ending June 30, 2020 was nil.

 

There were no prepaid consulting services G&A in the three months ended June 30, 2020.

 

21

 

 

Warrant valuation expense

 

When the Company sells its stock for cash or settles debt for stock, it periodically issues warrants to acquire additional stock at prices agreed at the date of the original sale. The Company incurs a cost for the rights attached to the warrants, which is calculated using the Black-Scholes Model (see above 8. Capital Structure—Common Stock and Common Stock Purchase Warrants.) This expense is reported in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations above as the Warrant valuation expense.

 

In the three months ended June 30, 2020, the Company issued no warrants to stockholders.

 

In the three months ended June 30, 2019, the Company issued 10,000,000 warrants to stockholders at an exercise price of $0.005, for which it recorded a debt discount of $50,000.

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

The Company amortizes the costs incurred to acquire patents and licenses over the period of the related agreements. All of the Company’s patents and licenses had been fully amortized by December 31, 2018.

 

Depreciation and amortization expenses for the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 were as follows (dollar amounts in thousands):

 

    For the three months ended June 30, 
    2020    2019 
Depreciation expense  $-   $- 
Amortization expense  $-   $- 
Increase/ (Decrease) from prior year  $-   $- 
Percentage increase/(decrease) from prior year   -%   -%

 

Interest Expense

 

Interest expense for the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 were as follows (dollar amounts in thousands):

 

   For the three months ended June 30, 
   2020   2019 
Interest expense  $127   $157 
Increase / (Decrease) from prior year  $(30)  $(85)
Percentage Increase (Decrease) from prior year   (19)%   (35)%

 

The decrease in interest expense was primarily due to the settlement of certain notes payable that carried a high rate of interest in 2019.

 

Loss of settlement of debt

 

There were no gains or losses on settlement by lenders or vendors of any of their notes or accounts payable by converting them to equity for both the three months ended June 30, 2020 and the three months ended June 30, 2019.

 

Six Months Ended June 30, 2020 Compared to Six Months Ended June 30, 2019 (dollar amounts in thousands)

 

Revenues

 

We had no revenues from operations for the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019.

 

22

 

 

Operating Expenses

 

Selling, general and administrative

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses and related percentages for the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 were as follows (dollar amounts in thousands):

 

   For the six months ended June 30, 
   2020   2019 
Selling, general and administrative  $385   $984 
Decrease from prior year  $(599)  $(774)
Percent decrease from prior year   (61)%   (44)%

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, selling, general and administrative expenses were made up as follows (dollar amounts in thousands):

 

   For the six months ended June 30, 
   2020   2019 
Stock listing and investor relations expenses  $23   $17 
Consulting and contractors   135    126 
Payroll   65    470 
Professional fees   40    74 
Travel   -    2 
Other expenses   122    296 

 

In the six months ended June 30, 2020, total cash and accruals for selling, general and administrative expense was $385 compared to $984 for the corresponding period in 2019, a decrease of $599 or 61%. Significant items included:

 

  consulting and contractor services entered into to assist the Company in raising capital, manage investor relations, and develop business in new markets, in the amount of $135 in 2020, an increase of $9 or 7% over the $126 spent in 2019. The increase was the result primarily of additional consulting services performed for the board of directors in 2020;
     
  professional fees for legal, tax and accounting services in the amount of $40 in 2020, a decrease of $34 or 46% over the $74 spent in 2019. The decrease was primarily due to a decrease in legal fees in 2020; and
     
  payroll in the amount of $65 in 2020, a decrease of $405 or 27% over the $470 accrued in 2019, reflecting the departure of employees at the end of April 2020, and the reversal accruals related to the resignation of the chief executive officer in April 2020; and
     
  other expenses in the amount of $122 in 2020, a decrease of $173 or 61% over the $296 incurred in 2019, primarily reflecting a decrease in board of directors’ fees and employee allowances in 2020.

 

Research and development

 

R&D expenses and related percentages for the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 were as follows (dollar amounts in thousands):

 

   For the six months ended March 31, 
   2020   2019 
Research and development  $28   $- 
Increase/(decrease) from prior year  $28   $(186)
Percent increase/(decrease) from prior year   100%   (100)%

 

Expenses for research and development in the six months ended June 30, 2020 was $28 compared to $0 in the same period in 2019, reflecting the cost in 2020 to maintain intellectual property licenses.

 

23

 

 

 

Stock issued for services

 

The Company periodically receives services from consultants under long-term consulting contracts, in terms of which it issues stock to prepay for the services. In such cases, the Company initially accounts for the full cost of these services as Prepaid Services on its balance sheet, calculated by the number of shares issued multiplied by the share price on the contract date. This amount is then amortized as a cost over the period in which the services are provided to the Company. The Company reports these costs separately from Selling, general and administrative costs, and Research and development costs, to better demonstrate the true costs of Selling, general and administrative activities, and Research and development.

 

Amortization of amounts recorded as Prepaid Services for stock issued for services G&A and related percentages for the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 were as follows (dollar amounts in thousands):

 

   For the six months ended June 30, 
   2020   2019 
Amortization of prepaid consulting expense G&A  $-   $- 
Percentage decrease from prior year   -%   (100)%

 

The number of shares issued for prepaid consulting services G&A in the six months ending June 30, 2020 was nil.

 

There were no prepaid consulting services G&A in the six months ended June 30, 2020.

 

Warrant valuation expense

 

When the Company sells its stock for cash or settles debt for stock, it periodically issues warrants to acquire additional stock at prices agreed at the date of the original sale. The Company incurs a cost for the rights attached to the warrants, which is calculated using the Black-Scholes Model (see above 8. Capital Structure—Common Stock and Common Stock Purchase Warrants.) This expense is reported in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations above as the Warrant valuation expense.

 

In the six months ended June 30, 2020, the Company issued no warrants to stockholders.

 

In the six months ended June 30, 2019, the Company issued 14,600,000 warrants to stockholders at an exercise price of $0.005, for which it recorded a debt discount of $73,000.

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

The Company amortizes the costs incurred to acquire patents and licenses over the period of the related agreements. All of the Company’s patents and licenses had been fully amortized by December 31, 2018.

 

Depreciation and amortization expenses for the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 were as follows (dollar amounts in thousands):

 

   For the six months ended June 30, 
   2020   2019 
Depreciation expense  $-   $- 
Amortization expense  $-   $- 
Increase/ (Decrease) from prior year  $-   $(1)
Percentage increase/(decrease) from prior year   -%   (100)%

 

Interest Expense

 

Interest expense for the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 were as follows (dollar amounts in thousands):

 

   For the six months ended June 30, 
   2020   2019 
Interest expense  $213   $272 
Increase / (Decrease) from prior year  $(59)  $(190)
Percentage Increase (Decrease) from prior year   (22)%   (41)%

 

24

 

 

The decrease in interest expense was primarily due to the settlement of certain notes payable that carried a high rate of interest in the fourth quarter of 2019.

 

Loss of settlement of debt

 

There were no gains or losses on settlement by lenders or vendors of any of their notes or accounts payable by converting them to equity for both the six months ended June 30, 2020 and the six months ended June 30, 2019.

 

Liquidity

 

Liquidity is measured by our ability to secure enough cash to meet our contractual and operating needs as they arise. We do not anticipate generating sufficient net positive cash flows from our operations to fund the next twelve months. We had cash of $45,267 at June 30, 2020, compared to $21,397 at June 30, 2019.

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, net cash from/(used in) operating activities was $(94,658) and $15,538, respectively.

 

$0 of cash was used in investing activities for the six months ended June 30, 2020 ($0 in 2019).

 

During the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, there were no proceeds from the sale of stock and exercise of stock warrants. The Company received $144,000 from the issuance of notes payable in six months ended June 30, 2020, compared to $0 in 2019. There were no loan repayments made in cash in the six months ended June 30, 2020 ($0 in 2019).

 

The Company does not expect to generate revenues from sales in the second half of 2020. If the Company is unable to raise additional working capital to meet all of its operating obligations and expenditures, the Company may have to modify its business plan.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

During the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, the Company did not engage in any off-balance sheet arrangements as defined in item 303(a)(4) of the SEC’s Regulation S-K.

 

ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

 

Not Applicable.

 

ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

 

Changes in Internal Controls over Financial Reporting

 

There were no changes in our internal controls over financial reporting that occurred during the period covered by this report on Form 10-Q that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

As of the end of the period covered by this report, we conducted an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, of our disclosure controls and procedures as defined in Rules 13(a)-15(e) under the Exchange Act. Based on this evaluation, the principal executive officer and principal financial officer concluded that, because of the weakness in internal controls over financial reporting described below, our disclosure controls and procedures are ineffective to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in the reports we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in Securities and Exchange Commission rules and forms.

 

25

 

 

Management assessed the effectiveness of the internal controls over financial reporting as of June 30, 2019, using the framework set forth in Internal Control-Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission. Based upon this assessment, our management concluded that, as of June 30, 2019, the internal controls over financial reporting were not effective. The reportable conditions and material weakness relate to a limited segregation of duties and lack of an audit committee. The limited segregation of duties within our company and the lack of an audit committee are due to the small number of employees. Management has determined that this control deficiency constitutes a material weakness. This material weakness could result in material misstatements of significant accounts and disclosures that would result in a material misstatement to our interim or annual financial statements that would not be prevented or detected. In addition, due to limited staffing, we are not always able to detect minor errors or omissions in reporting.

 

Going forward, management anticipates that additional staff will be necessary to mitigate these weaknesses, as well as to implement other planned improvements. Additional staff will enable us to document and apply transactional and periodic controls procedures, permit a better review and approval process and improve quality of financial reporting. However, the potential addition of new staff is contingent on obtaining additional financing, and there is no assurance that we will be able to do so.

 

Limitations on the Effectiveness of Internal Controls

 

Readers are cautioned that our management does not expect that our disclosure controls and procedures or our internal control over financial reporting will necessarily prevent all fraud and material error. An internal control system, no matter how well conceived and operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the objectives of the control system are met. Because of the inherent limitations in all control systems, no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance that all control issues and instances of fraud, if any, within our control have been detected. The design of any system of controls also is based in part upon certain assumptions about the likelihood of future events, and there can be no assurance that any control design will succeed in achieving its stated goals under all potential future conditions. Over time, controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

 

26

 

 

PART II - OTHER INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

 

None.

 

ITEM 2. SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

 

On July 22, 2020, director Kevin J. Phelps, interim president and CEO of the Company, entered into a three-year executive employment agreement (the “Agreement”) with the Company to serve as president and CEO. The Agreement was formally approved by the Company’s Board as of July 24, 2020 with Mr. Phelps abstaining. While fully effective, the parties may expand and restate the Agreement within thirty days.

 

ITEM 2. UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS

 

In the quarters ended June 30, 2020 and June 30, 2019, no shares were issued by the Company.

 

No consideration was received by the Company in the quarters ended June 30, 2020 and June 30, 2019 for the exercise of previously-issued warrants.

 

ITEM 3. DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES

 

The current portion of notes payable on the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets above contains, at June 30, 2020, certain promissory notes on which the Company was in arrears on payments of principal as follows:

 

  1. Promissory notes issued between November 26, 2014 and December 31, 2015. Lenders earn interest at a rate of 10% per annum, plus a pro-rata share of two percent of the Company’s gross receipts for sales of IRT-103-LDN in perpetuity. Notes will be repaid in 36 monthly installments of principal and interest commencing no later than October 15, 2015. Notes aggregating $286,000 were in default at June 30, 2020, as the Company was unable to pay installments on those notes on their due dates.
     
  2. Promissory notes issued between May 1, 2015 and December 31, 2016 and maturing between June 14, 2015 and December 1, 2017. Lenders on loans aggregating $375,994 earn interest at rates between 2% and 18% per annum. On loans aggregating $100,000, interest is payable in a fixed amount not tied to a specific interest rate. Notes aggregating $625,994 were in default at June 30, 2020, as the Company was unable to repay those notes on their due dates.
     
  3. Promissory notes totaling $97,737 issued to an officer of the Company effective November 3, 2015 and maturing November 3, 2016 for settlement of accrued payroll, bearing interest at 10% per annum and including a stock conversion feature. The Company was unable to repay the note at maturity and at June 30, 2020 the notes were in default.
     
  4. Promissory notes for $206,000 issued between July 1, 2016 and December 31, 2016. The notes mature on December 31, 2017. Lenders earn an interest rate of 2% per annum The Company was unable to repay the note at maturity and at June 30, 2020 the notes were in default.
     
  5. Promissory notes totaling $1,354,000 issued in the fourth quarter of 2016. The lenders earn interest at 2% per annum and mature between November 1, 2017 and December 31, 2017. The Company was unable to repay the note at maturity and at June 30, 2020 the notes were in default.
     
  6. Promissory notes aggregating $500,000 issued in the first quarter of 2017. The notes accrue interest at 2% per annum and mature between January 12, 2018 and June 30, 2018. The Company was unable to repay the notes at maturity and at June 30, 2020 the notes were in default.
     
  7. Promissory notes aggregating $300,000 issued in the second quarter of 2017. The notes accrue interest at 2% per annum and mature between April 3, 2018 and May 31, 2018. At June 30, 2020, the notes were in default.

 

27

 

 

  8. Promissory notes aggregating $191,800 issued in the third quarter of 2017. The notes accrue interest at 2% per annum and mature between June 16, 2018 and December 31, 2018. At June 30, 2020, the notes were in default.
     
  9. Promissory note for $425,000 issued in October 2017 with an original issue discount of $70,000. The note is in default, giving the holder an option to convert the note to stock using the lowest value of the Company’s common stock 25 days prior to the conversion. In 2018, The defaults also resulted in certain penalties, as a result of which the principal amount of the note outstanding at June 30, 2020 had increased to $454,032. $49,943 of accrued interest owed on the note has been converted to stock. The Company has accrued a $908,873 derivative liability for the remaining conversion right.
     
  10. Promissory notes aggregating $105,500 issued in the fourth quarter of 2017. The notes accrue interest at 2% per annum. At June 30, 2020, the notes were in default.
     
  11. Promissory notes aggregating $47,975 issued in the first quarter of 2018. The notes accrue interest at 2% per annum and mature between May 2018 and January 2019. At June 30, 2020, $10,000 of the notes were in default.
     
  12. Promissory notes aggregating $125,000 issued in the first quarter of 2018. The notes accrue interest between 2% and 12% per annum and mature between April 2018 and June 2018. These notes include warrants between 5,000,000 and 20,000,000 shares with an exercise price of $0.005. At June 30, 2020, the notes were in default.
     
  13. Promissory notes aggregating $65,000 issued in the second quarter of 2018. The notes accrue interest of 2% per annum and mature between July 2018 and October 2018. These notes include warrants between 1,000,000 and 5,000,000 shares with an exercise price of $0.005. At June 30, 2020, the notes were in default.
     
  14. Promissory notes aggregating $198,000 issued in the third quarter of 2018. The notes accrue interest at 2% per annum and mature between November 2018 and January 2019. These notes include warrants between 600,000 and 5,000,000 shares with an exercise price of $0.005. At June 30, 2020, the notes were in default.
     
  15. Promissory notes aggregating $533,855 issued in the fourth quarter of 2018. The notes accrue interest from 2% to 3.5% per annum and mature between February 2019 and December 2019. These notes include warrants between 200,000 and 39,500,000 shares with an exercise price of $0.005 to $0.04. At June 30, 2020 $419,000 of the notes were in default.
     
  16. Promissory note for $23,000 issued in the first quarter of 2019. The note accrues interest at 2% per annum and matures during July 2019. The note includes warrants for 4,600,000 shares with an exercise price of $0.005. At June 30, 2020, the note was in default.
     
  17. Promissory note for $231,478 issued in the first quarter of 2019. The note accrues interest at 6% per annum and matured in February 2020. At June 30, 2020, the notes were in default.
     
  18. Promissory notes aggregating $50,000 issued in the second quarter of 2019. The notes accrue interest at 2% per annum and mature between July and September 2019. These notes include warrants for 10,000,000 shares with an exercise price of $0.005. At June 30, 2020, the notes were in default.

 

At June 30, 2020, the Company had insufficient cash on hand to repay these notes.

 

28

 

 

ITEM 6. EXHIBITS

 

Exhibit Number   Name of Exhibit
     
10.70   Employment Agreement with Kevin Phelps effective as of April 29, 2020 (filed as Exhibit 10.1 to our Current Report on Form 8-K on July 27, 2020, and incorporated herein by reference.).
     
10.71   Amendment to the Articles of Incorporation filed February 5, 2020 approving a reverse split of issued and outstanding shares of common stock by 1,000 to 1.
     
10.72   Amendment to the Articles of Incorporation filed March 12, 2020 approving an increase in authorized shares of common stock from 500,000,000 to 750,000,000.
     
31.1   Certification of Chief Executive Officer, pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) of the Exchange Act, as enacted by Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
     
32.1   Certification of Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, pursuant to 18 United States Code Section 1350, as enacted by Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
     
101.INS   XBRL Instance Document
     
101.SCH   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema
     
101.CAL   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase
     
101.DEF   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase
     
101.LAB   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase
     
101.PRE   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase

 

29

 

 

In accordance with the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this Report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

  Immune Therapeutics, Inc.
     
Date: August 14, 2020 By: /s/ Kevin J. Phelps
    Kevin J. Phelps
    Chief Executive Officer
     
  Immune Therapeutics, Inc.
     
Date: August 14, 2020 By: /s/ Peter Aronstam
    Peter Aronstam
    Chief Financial Officer