Company Quick10K Filing
Quick10K
International Paper
Closing Price ($) Shares Out (MM) Market Cap ($MM)
$45.71 397 $18,160
10-Q 2019-03-31 Quarter: 2019-03-31
10-K 2018-12-31 Annual: 2018-12-31
10-Q 2018-09-30 Quarter: 2018-09-30
10-Q 2018-06-30 Quarter: 2018-06-30
10-Q 2018-03-31 Quarter: 2018-03-31
10-K 2017-12-31 Annual: 2017-12-31
10-Q 2017-09-30 Quarter: 2017-09-30
10-Q 2017-06-30 Quarter: 2017-06-30
10-Q 2017-03-31 Quarter: 2017-03-31
10-K 2016-12-31 Annual: 2016-12-31
10-Q 2016-09-30 Quarter: 2016-09-30
10-Q 2016-06-30 Quarter: 2016-06-30
10-Q 2016-03-31 Quarter: 2016-03-31
10-K 2015-12-31 Annual: 2015-12-31
10-Q 2015-09-30 Quarter: 2015-09-30
10-Q 2015-06-30 Quarter: 2015-06-30
10-Q 2015-03-31 Quarter: 2015-03-31
10-K 2014-12-31 Annual: 2014-12-31
10-Q 2014-09-30 Quarter: 2014-09-30
10-Q 2014-06-30 Quarter: 2014-06-30
10-Q 2014-03-31 Quarter: 2014-03-31
10-K 2013-12-31 Annual: 2013-12-31
8-K 2019-06-10 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2019-05-29 Regulation FD, Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2019-05-13 Shareholder Vote
8-K 2019-04-25 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2019-02-11 Officers, Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2019-01-31 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-12-31 Officers
8-K 2018-10-25 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-09-25 Enter Agreement
8-K 2018-07-26 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-06-19 Officers, Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2018-05-07 Shareholder Vote
8-K 2018-04-26 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-03-20 Officers
8-K 2018-03-06 Regulation FD, Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-02-01 Earnings, Exhibits
ZTS Zoetis 48,660
HEI Heico 13,880
MOMO Momo 6,680
BRKR Bruker 6,630
PDCO Patterson Companies 2,190
SNHY Sun Hydraulics 1,440
WGO Winnebago Industries 1,110
NICK Nicholas Financial 71
SRMC Sierra Monitor 0
PETV Petvivo Holdings 0
IP 2019-03-31
Part I. Financial Information
Item 1. Financial Statements
Note 1 - Basis of Presentation
Note 2 - Recent Accounting Developments
Note 3 - Revenue Recognition
Note 4 - Equity
Note 5 - Other Comprehensive Income
Note 6 - Earnings per Share Attributable To International Paper Company Common Shareholders
Note 7 - Restructuring and Other Charges, Net
Note 8 - Divestitures and Impairments
Note 9 - Supplemental Financial Statement Information
Note 10 - Leases
Note 11 - Equity Method Investments
Note 12 - Goodwill and Other Intangibles
Note 13 - Income Taxes
Note 14 - Commitments and Contingencies
Note 15 - Variable Interest Entities
Note 16 - Debt
Note 17 - Derivatives and Hedging Activities
Note 18 - Retirement Plans
Note 19 - Stock-Based Compensation
Note 20 - Business Segment Information
Note 21 - Subsequent Event
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Part II. Other Information
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Item 6. Exhibits
EX-10.1 ip-20190331exhibit101inter.htm
EX-31.1 ip-20190331exhibit311certi.htm
EX-31.2 ip-20190331exhibit312certi.htm
EX-32 ip-20190331exhibit32certif.htm

International Paper Earnings 2019-03-31

IP 10Q Quarterly Report

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow

10-Q 1 ip-3312019xform10xq.htm 10-Q Document

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q 

ý QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the Quarterly Period Ended March 31, 2019
 
¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the Transition Period From              to             
 _________________________________________
Commission File Number 1-3157
INTERNATIONAL PAPER COMPANY
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
New York
13-0872805
(State or other jurisdiction of
(I.R.S. Employer
incorporation of organization)
Identification No.)
 
 
6400 Poplar Avenue, Memphis, TN
38197
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (901) 419-7000
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
Trading Symbol(s)
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Shares
IP
New York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ý    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (paragraph 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes  ý    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. 
Large accelerated filer
ý
Accelerated filer
¨
Non-accelerated filer
¨
Smaller reporting company
¨
 
 
Emerging growth company
¨
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13 (a) of the Exchange
Act. ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  ý
The number of shares outstanding of the registrant’s common stock, par value $1.00 per share, as of April 26, 2019 was 397,333,976.



INDEX
 
 
 
PAGE NO.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations - Three Months Ended March 31, 2019 and 2018
 
 
 
 
Condensed Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income - Three Months Ended March 31, 2019 and 2018
 
 
 
 
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet - March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018
 
 
 
 
Condensed Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows - Three Months Ended March 31, 2019 and 2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 



 
ITEM 1.
INTERNATIONAL PAPER COMPANY
(Unaudited)
(In millions, except per share amounts) 
 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
Net Sales
$
5,643

 
$
5,621

Costs and Expenses
 
 
 
Cost of products sold
3,929

 
3,948

Selling and administrative expenses
413

 
421

Depreciation, amortization and cost of timber harvested
315

 
325

Distribution expenses
389

 
366

Taxes other than payroll and income taxes
43

 
44

Restructuring and other charges, net

 
22

Net (gains) losses on sales and impairments of businesses
(7
)
 

Interest expense, net
133

 
135

Non-operating pension expense
10

 
4

Earnings (Loss) From Continuing Operations Before Income Taxes and Equity Earnings
418

 
356

Income tax provision (benefit)
106

 
89

Equity earnings (loss), net of taxes
114

 
95

Earnings (Loss) From Continuing Operations
426

 
362

Discontinued operations, net of taxes

 
368

Net Earnings (Loss)
426

 
730

Less: Net earnings (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests
2

 
1

Net Earnings (Loss) Attributable to International Paper Company
$
424

 
$
729

Basic Earnings (Loss) Per Share Attributable to International Paper Company Common Shareholders
 
 
 
Earnings (loss) from continuing operations
$
1.06

 
$
0.87

Discontinued operations, net of taxes

 
0.89

Net earnings (loss)
$
1.06

 
$
1.76

Diluted Earnings (Loss) Per Share Attributable to International Paper Company Common Shareholders
 
 
 
Earnings (loss) from continuing operations
$
1.05

 
$
0.86

Discontinued operations, net of taxes

 
0.88

Net earnings (loss)
$
1.05

 
$
1.74

Average Shares of Common Stock Outstanding – assuming dilution
403.2

 
418.2

Cash Dividends Per Common Share
$
0.5000

 
$
0.4750

Amounts Attributable to International Paper Company Common Shareholders
 
 
 
Earnings (loss) from continuing operations
$
424

 
$
361

Discontinued operations, net of taxes

 
368

Net earnings (loss)
$
424

 
$
729

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed financial statements.

1


INTERNATIONAL PAPER COMPANY
(Unaudited)
(In millions)
 
 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
Net Earnings (Loss)
$
426

 
$
730

Other Comprehensive Income (Loss), Net of Tax:
 
 
 
Amortization of pension and post-retirement prior service costs and net loss:
 
 
 
U.S. plans
41

 
66

Change in cumulative foreign currency translation adjustment
12

 
42

Net gains/losses on cash flow hedging derivatives:
 
 
 
Net gains (losses) arising during the period

 
(3
)
Reclassification adjustment for (gains) losses included in net earnings (loss)
1

 
(2
)
Total Other Comprehensive Income (Loss), Net of Tax
54

 
103

Comprehensive Income (Loss)
480

 
833

Net (earnings) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests
(2
)
 
(1
)
Other comprehensive (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests

 

Comprehensive Income (Loss) Attributable to International Paper Company
$
478

 
$
832

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed financial statements.

2


INTERNATIONAL PAPER COMPANY
(In millions)
 
March 31,
2019
 
December 31,
2018
 
(unaudited)
 
 
Assets
 
 
 
Current Assets
 
 
 
Cash and temporary investments
$
641

 
$
589

Accounts and notes receivable, net
3,493

 
3,521

Contract assets
410

 
395

Inventories
2,301

 
2,241

Other current assets
217

 
250

Total Current Assets
7,062

 
6,996

Plants, Properties and Equipment, net
13,071

 
13,067

Forestlands
401

 
402

Investments
1,770

 
1,648

Financial Assets of Special Purpose Entities (Note 15)
7,074

 
7,070

Goodwill
3,393

 
3,374

Right of Use Assets
415

 

Deferred Charges and Other Assets
992

 
1,019

Total Assets
$
34,178

 
$
33,576

Liabilities and Equity
 
 
 
Current Liabilities
 
 
 
Notes payable and current maturities of long-term debt
$
809

 
$
639

Accounts payable
2,518

 
2,413

Accrued payroll and benefits
354

 
535

Other current liabilities
1,272

 
1,107

Total Current Liabilities
4,953

 
4,694

Long-Term Debt
9,965

 
10,015

Nonrecourse Financial Liabilities of Special Purpose Entities (Note 15)
6,300

 
6,298

Deferred Income Taxes
2,634

 
2,600

Pension Benefit Obligation
1,727

 
1,762

Postretirement and Postemployment Benefit Obligation
260

 
264

Long-term Lease Obligations
281

 

Other Liabilities
589

 
560

Equity
 
 
 
Common stock, $1 par value, 2019 – 448.9 shares and 2018 – 448.9 shares
449

 
449

Paid-in capital
6,159

 
6,280

Retained earnings
8,211

 
7,465

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(4,975
)
 
(4,500
)
 
9,844

 
9,694

Less: Common stock held in treasury, at cost, 2019 – 49.9 shares and 2018 – 48.3 shares
2,398

 
2,332

Total International Paper Shareholders’ Equity
7,446

 
7,362

Noncontrolling interests
23

 
21

Total Equity
7,469

 
7,383

Total Liabilities and Equity
$
34,178

 
$
33,576

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed financial statements.

3


INTERNATIONAL PAPER COMPANY
(Unaudited)
(In millions)
 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
Operating Activities
 
 
 
Net earnings (loss)
$
426

 
$
730

Depreciation, amortization and cost of timber harvested
315

 
325

Deferred income tax provision (benefit), net
22

 
157

Restructuring and other charges, net

 
22

Net gain on transfer of North American Consumer Packaging business

 
(516
)
Net (gains) losses on sales and impairments of businesses
(7
)
 

Equity method dividends received
6

 
116

Equity (earnings) losses, net
(114
)
 
(95
)
Periodic pension expense, net
26

 
42

Other, net
46

 
14

Changes in current assets and liabilities
 
 
 
Accounts and notes receivable
26

 
(122
)
Contract assets
(15
)
 
(22
)
Inventories
(22
)
 
21

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
34

 
11

Interest payable
(25
)
 
(34
)
Other
15

 
14

Cash Provided By (Used For) Operations
733

 
663

Investment Activities
 
 
 
Invested in capital projects
(293
)
 
(489
)
Acquisitions, net of cash acquired
(17
)
 

Net settlement on transfer of North American Consumer Packaging business

 
1

Proceeds from divestitures, net of cash divested
17

 

Proceeds from sale of fixed assets
3

 
1

Other
(4
)
 
(2
)
Cash Provided By (Used For) Investment Activities
(294
)
 
(489
)
Financing Activities
 
 
 
Repurchases of common stock and payments of restricted stock tax withholding
(229
)
 
(31
)
Issuance of debt
208

 
223

Reduction of debt
(142
)
 
(34
)
Change in book overdrafts
(25
)
 
(17
)
Dividends paid
(201
)
 
(197
)
Cash Provided By (Used For) Financing Activities
(389
)
 
(56
)
Effect of Exchange Rate Changes on Cash
2

 
5

Change in Cash and Temporary Investments
52

 
123

Cash and Temporary Investments
 
 
 
Beginning of period
589

 
1,018

End of period
$
641

 
$
1,141


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed financial statements.

4


INTERNATIONAL PAPER COMPANY
(Unaudited)

The accompanying unaudited condensed financial statements have been prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States and in accordance with the instructions to Form 10-Q and, in the opinion of management, include all adjustments that are necessary for the fair presentation of International Paper Company’s (International Paper’s, the Company’s or our) financial position, results of operations, and cash flows for the interim periods presented. Except as disclosed herein, such adjustments are of a normal, recurring nature. Results for the first three months of the year may not necessarily be indicative of full year results. It is suggested that these condensed financial statements be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and the notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018, which have previously been filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission.


Intangibles

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-15, "Intangibles - Goodwill and Other - Internal-Use Software (Subtopic 350-40): Customer's Accounting for Implementation Costs Incurred in a Cloud Computing Arrangement That Is a Service Contract." The guidance aligns the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred in a hosting arrangement that is a service contract with the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred to develop or obtain internal-use software (and hosting arrangements that include an internal use software license). The accounting for the service element of a hosting arrangement that is a service contract is not affected by the amendments in this guidance. This guidance is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2019, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the provisions of this guidance.

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-04, "Intangibles - Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment." This guidance eliminates the requirement to calculate the implied fair value of goodwill under Step 2 of today's goodwill impairment test to measure a goodwill impairment charge. Instead, entities will record an impairment charge based on the excess of a reporting unit's carrying amount over its fair value. This guidance should be applied prospectively and is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2019, for any impairment test performed in 2020. Early adoption is permitted for annual and interim goodwill impairment testing dates after January 1, 2017. The Company is currently evaluating the provisions of this guidance; however, we do not anticipate adoption having a material impact on the financial statements.

Comprehensive Income

In February 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-02, "Income Statement - Reporting Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income." This guidance gives entities the option to reclassify stranded tax effects caused by the newly-enacted U.S. Tax Cuts and Jobs Act from accumulated other comprehensive income to retained earnings. As a result, the Company adopted this guidance effective January 1, 2019, and recorded a net increase to opening Retained earnings and a decrease to opening Accumulated other comprehensive income of $529 million, due to the cumulative impact of adopting the new guidance.

Financial Instruments - Credit Losses

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, "Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments." This guidance replaces the current incurred loss impairment method with a method that reflects expected credit losses. This guidance is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted. This guidance should be applied using the modified-retrospective approach. The Company is currently evaluating the provisions of this guidance and plans to adopt this guidance and the related amendments on its effective date of January 1, 2020, by recognizing the cumulative effect of initially applying the new standard as an adjustment to the opening balance of Retained earnings.

Leases

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, "Leases (Topic 842)." The Company adopted the provisions of this guidance effective January 1, 2019, using the modified retrospective optional transition method. Therefore, the standard was applied

5


beginning January 1, 2019 and prior periods were not restated. The adoption of the standard did not result in a cumulative-effect adjustment to the opening balance of Retained earnings. The Company elected the package of practical expedients and implemented internal controls and system functionality to enable the preparation of financial information upon adoption.
The adoption of the new standard resulted in the recognition of a right of use asset and short-term and long-term liabilities recorded on the Company's consolidated balance sheet related to operating leases. Accounting for finance leases remained substantially unchanged. In addition, the adoption of the standard did not have a material impact on the Company's results of operations or cash flows.


Generally, the Company recognizes revenue on a point-in-time basis when the customer takes title to the goods and assumes the risks and rewards for the goods. For customized goods where the Company has a legally enforceable right to payment for the goods, the Company recognizes revenue over time which, generally, is as the goods are produced.

Disaggregated Revenue

A geographic disaggregation of revenues across our company segmentation in the following tables provide information to assist in evaluating the nature, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows and how they may be impacted by economic factors.
 
 
Three Months Ended
March 31, 2019
In millions
 
Industrial Packaging
 
Global Cellulose Fibers
 
Printing Papers
 
Corporate and Inter-segment Sales
 
Total
Primary Geographical Markets (a)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
United States
 
$
3,146

 
$
570

 
$
488

 
$
60

 
$
4,264

EMEA
 
428

 
81

 
330

 
(2
)
 
837

Pacific Rim and Asia
 
18

 
38

 
59

 
4

 
119

Americas, other than U.S.
 
240

 

 
188

 
(5
)
 
423

Total
 
$
3,832

 
$
689

 
$
1,065

 
$
57

 
$
5,643

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating Segments
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
North American Industrial Packaging
 
$
3,376

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
3,376

EMEA Industrial Packaging
 
339

 

 

 

 
339

Brazilian Industrial Packaging
 
57

 

 

 

 
57

European Coated Paperboard
 
91

 

 

 

 
91

Global Cellulose Fibers
 

 
689

 

 

 
689

North American Printing Papers
 

 

 
496

 

 
496

Brazilian Papers
 

 

 
215

 

 
215

European Papers
 

 

 
309

 

 
309

Indian Papers
 

 

 
53

 

 
53

Intra-segment Eliminations
 
(31
)
 

 
(8
)
 

 
(39
)
Corporate & Inter-segment Sales
 

 

 

 
57

 
57

Total
 
$
3,832

 
$
689

 
$
1,065

 
$
57

 
$
5,643


(a) Net sales are attributed to countries based on the location of the seller.


6


 
 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2018
In millions
 
Industrial Packaging
 
Global Cellulose Fibers
 
Printing Papers
 
Corporate & Intersegment
 
Total
Primary Geographical Markets (a)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
United States
 
$
3,102

 
$
545

 
$
440

 
$
58

 
$
4,145

EMEA
 
452

 
75

 
336

 
(5
)
 
858

Pacific Rim and Asia
 
34

 
57

 
64

 
16

 
171

Americas, other than U.S.
 
239

 

 
213

 
(5
)
 
447

Total
 
$
3,827

 
$
677

 
$
1,053

 
$
64

 
$
5,621

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating Segments
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
North American Industrial Packaging
 
$
3,369

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
3,369

EMEA Industrial Packaging
 
362

 

 

 

 
362

Brazilian Industrial Packaging
 
62

 

 

 

 
62

European Coated Paperboard
 
92

 

 

 

 
92

Global Cellulose Fibers
 

 
677

 

 

 
677

North American Printing Papers
 

 

 
458

 

 
458

Brazilian Papers
 

 

 
229

 

 
229

European Papers
 

 

 
319

 

 
319

Indian Papers
 

 

 
52

 

 
52

Intra-segment Eliminations
 
(58
)
 

 
(5
)
 

 
(63
)
Corporate & Inter-segment Sales
 

 

 

 
64

 
64

Total
 
$
3,827

 
$
677

 
$
1,053

 
$
64

 
$
5,621


(a) Net sales are attributed to countries based on the location of the seller.

Revenue Contract Balances

The opening and closing balances of the Company's contract assets and current contract liabilities are as follows:
In millions
 
Contract Assets (Short-Term)
 
Contract Liabilities (Short-Term)
Beginning Balance - January 1, 2019
 
$
395

 
$
56

Ending Balance - March 31, 2019
 
410

 
53

Increase / (Decrease)
 
$
15

 
$
(3
)

A contract asset is created when the Company recognizes revenue on its customized products prior to having an unconditional right to payment from the customer, which generally does not occur until title and risk of loss passes to the customer.

A contract liability is created when customers prepay for goods prior to the Company transferring those goods to the customer. The contract liability is reduced once control of the goods is transferred to the customer. The majority of our customer prepayments are received during the fourth quarter each year for goods that will be transferred to customers over the following twelve months.

The difference between the opening and closing balances of the Company's contract assets and contract liabilities primarily results from the difference between the price and quantity at comparable points in time for goods for which we have an unconditional right to payment or receive pre-payment from the customer, respectively.

7



A summary of the changes in equity for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 is provided below:
Three Months Ended March 31, 2019
In millions, except per share amounts
Common Stock Issued
 
Paid-in Capital
 
Retained Earnings
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
 
Treasury Stock
 
Total
International
Paper
Shareholders’
Equity
 
Noncontrolling
Interests
 
Total
Equity
 
Balance, January 1
$
449

 
$
6,280

 
$
7,465

$
(4,500
)
 
$
2,332

 
$
7,362

 
$
21

 
$
7,383

 
Adoption of ASU 2018-02 reclassification of stranded tax effects resulting from Tax Reform

 

 
529

(529
)
 

 

 

 

 
Issuance of stock for various plans, net

 
(118
)
 


 
(163
)
 
45

 

 
45

 
Repurchase of stock

 

 


 
229

 
(229
)
 

 
(229
)
 
Common stock dividends
($.5000 per share)

 

 
(207
)

 

 
(207
)
 

 
(207
)
 
Transactions of equity method investees

 
(3
)
 


 

 
(3
)
 

 
(3
)
 
Comprehensive income (loss)

 

 
424

54

 

 
478

 
2

 
480

 
Ending Balance, March 31
$
449

 
$
6,159

 
$
8,211

$
(4,975
)
 
$
2,398

 
$
7,446

 
$
23

 
$
7,469

 

Three Months Ended March 31, 2018
In millions, except per share amounts
Common Stock Issued
 
Paid-in Capital
 
Retained Earnings
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
 
Treasury Stock
 
Total
International
Paper
Shareholders’
Equity
 
Noncontrolling
Interests
 
Total
Equity
 
Balance, January 1
$
449

 
$
6,206

 
$
6,180

$
(4,633
)
 
$
1,680

 
$
6,522

 
$
19

 
$
6,541

 
Adoption of ASC 606 revenue from contracts with customers

 

 
73


 

 
73

 

 
73

 
Issuance of stock for various plans, net

 
(41
)
 


 
(79
)
 
38

 

 
38

 
Repurchase of stock

 

 


 
31

 
(31
)
 

 
(31
)
 
Common stock dividends ($.4750 per share)

 

 
(199
)

 

 
(199
)
 

 
(199
)
 
Transactions of equity method investees

 
10

 


 

 
10

 

 
10

 
Comprehensive income (loss)

 

 
729

103

 

 
832

 
1

 
833

 
Ending Balance, March 31
$
449

 
$
6,175

 
$
6,783

$
(4,530
)
 
$
1,632

 
$
7,245

 
$
20

 
$
7,265

 

8



The following table presents changes in accumulated other comprehensive income (AOCI) for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018:
 
 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
In millions
 
2019
 
2018
Defined Benefit Pension and Postretirement Adjustments
 
 
 
 
Balance at beginning of period
 
$
(1,916
)
 
$
(2,527
)
Reclassification of stranded tax effects
 
(527
)
 

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income
 
41

 
66

Balance at end of period
 
(2,402
)
 
(2,461
)
Change in Cumulative Foreign Currency Translation Adjustments
 
 
 
 
Balance at beginning of period
 
(2,581
)
 
(2,111
)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications
 
8

 
40

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income
 
4

 
2

Other comprehensive income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interest
 

 

Balance at end of period
 
(2,569
)
 
(2,069
)
Net Gains and Losses on Cash Flow Hedging Derivatives
 
 
 
 
Balance at beginning of period
 
(3
)
 
5

Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications
 

 
(3
)
Reclassification of stranded tax effects
 
(2
)
 

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income
 
1

 
(2
)
Balance at end of period
 
(4
)
 

Total Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss) at End of Period
 
$
(4,975
)
 
$
(4,530
)


9


The following table presents details of the reclassifications out of AOCI for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018:
In millions:
 
Amounts Reclassified from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income
 
Location of Amount Reclassified from AOCI
 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
 
 
2019
 
2018
 
 
Defined benefit pension and postretirement items:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Prior-service costs
 
$
(3
)
 
$
(4
)
 
(a)
Non-operating pension expense
Actuarial gains (losses)
 
(52
)
 
(84
)
 
(a)
Non-operating pension expense
Total pre-tax amount
 
(55
)
 
(88
)
 
 
 
Tax (expense) benefit
 
14

 
22

 
 
 
Net of tax
 
(41
)
 
(66
)
 
 
 
Reclassification of stranded tax effects
 
527

 

 

Retained Earnings
Total, net of tax
 
486

 
(66
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Change in cumulative foreign currency translation adjustments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Business acquisitions/divestitures
 
(4
)
 
(2
)
 
(b)
Cost of products sold
Tax (expense) benefit
 

 

 
 
 
Net of tax
 
(4
)
 
(2
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net gains and losses on cash flow hedging derivatives:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign exchange contracts
 
(1
)
 
3

 
(c)
Cost of products sold
Total pre-tax amount
 
(1
)
 
3

 
 
 
Tax (expense)/benefit
 

 
(1
)
 
 
 
Net of tax
 
(1
)
 
2

 
 
 
Reclassification of stranded tax effects
 
2

 

 

Retained Earnings
Total, net of tax
 
1

 
2

 
 
 
Total reclassifications for the period
 
$
483

 
$
(66
)
 
 
 

(a)
These accumulated other comprehensive income components are included in the computation of net periodic pension cost (see Note 18 for additional details).
(b)
Amount for the three months ended March 31, 2018 was reclassified to Discontinued operations, net of taxes.
(c)
This accumulated other comprehensive income component is included in our derivatives and hedging activities (see Note 17 for additional details).

Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing earnings by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding. Diluted earnings per share is computed assuming that all potentially dilutive securities were converted into common shares. There are no adjustments required to be made to net income for purposes of computing basic and diluted earnings per share. A reconciliation of the amounts included in the computation of basic earnings (loss) per share from continuing operations, and diluted earnings (loss) per share from continuing operations is as follows: 
 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
In millions, except per share amounts
2019
 
2018
Earnings (loss) from continuing operations attributable to International Paper Company common shareholders
$
424

 
$
361

Weighted average common shares outstanding
400.5

 
413.5

Effect of dilutive securities
 
 
 
Restricted performance share plan
2.7

 
4.7

Weighted average common shares outstanding – assuming dilution
403.2

 
418.2

Basic earnings (loss) per share from continuing operations
$
1.06

 
$
0.87

Diluted earnings (loss) per share from continuing operations
$
1.05

 
$
0.86


10



2019: During the three months ended March 31, 2019, there were no restructuring and other charges, net.

2018: During the three months ended March 31, 2018, the Company recorded a $22 million pre-tax charge, in the Industrial Packaging segment, primarily related to severance charges in conjunction with the optimization of our EMEA Packaging business.


Discontinued Operations

On January 1, 2018, the Company completed the transfer of its North American Consumer Packaging business, which included its North American Coated Paperboard and Foodservice businesses, to Graphic Packaging International Partners, LLC (GPIP), a subsidiary of Graphic Packaging Holding Company, in exchange for a 20.5% ownership interest in GPIP. GPIP subsequently transferred the North American Consumer Packaging business to Graphic Packaging International, LLC (GPI), a wholly owned subsidiary of GPIP. International Paper is accounting for its ownership interest in the combined business under the equity method. The Company determined the fair value of its investment in the combined business and recorded a pre-tax gain of $516 million ($385 million, net of tax) on the transfer in the first quarter of 2018, subject to final working capital settlement. During the second quarter of 2018, the Company recorded a pre-tax charge of $28 million ($21 million after tax) to adjust the previously recorded gain on the transfer. 

The following summarizes the major classes of line items comprising Earnings (Loss) Before Income Taxes and Equity Earnings reconciled to Discontinued operations, net of tax, related to the transfer of the North American Consumer Packaging business for all periods presented in the consolidated statement of operations:
 
 
In millions
Three Months Ended March 31, 2018
Net Sales
$

Costs and Expenses
 
Selling and administrative expenses
23

(Gain) loss on transfer of business
(516
)
Earnings (Loss) Before Income Taxes and Equity Earnings
493

Income tax provision (benefit)
125

Discontinued Operations, Net of Taxes
$
368


Total cash used for operations related to the North American Consumer Packaging business of $(23) million for the three months ended March 31, 2018 is included in Cash Provided By (Used For) Operations in the consolidated statement of cash flows. Total cash provided by investing activities related to the North American Consumer Packaging business of $1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2018, is included in Cash Provided By (Used For) Investing Activities in the consolidated statement of cash flows.


Temporary Investments 

Temporary investments with an original maturity of three months or less are treated as cash equivalents and are stated at cost. Temporary investments totaled $449 million and $402 million at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively.
     
Accounts and Notes Receivable
In millions
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
Accounts and notes receivable, net:
 
 
 
Trade
$
3,186

 
$
3,249

Other
307

 
272

Total
$
3,493

 
$
3,521



11


The allowance for doubtful accounts was $82 million and $81 million at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively.

Inventories 
In millions
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
Raw materials
$
266

 
$
260

Finished pulp, paper and packaging
1,282

 
1,241

Operating supplies
637

 
641

Other
116

 
99

Total
$
2,301

 
$
2,241


Plants, Properties and Equipment  

Accumulated depreciation was $20.5 billion at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018. Depreciation expense was $297 million and $306 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

Non-cash additions to plants, property and equipment included within accounts payable were $114 million and $135 million at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively.

Interest

Interest payments made during the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 were $214 million and $223 million, respectively.

Amounts related to interest were as follows: 
 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
In millions
2019
 
2018
 
Interest expense
$
184

 
$
180

 
Interest income
51

 
45

 
Capitalized interest costs
5

 
8

 

Asset Retirement Obligations

The Company had recorded liabilities of $90 million and $86 million related to asset retirement obligations at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively.


International Paper leases various real estate, including certain operating facilities, warehouses, office space and land. The Company also leases material handling equipment, vehicles, and certain other equipment. The Company's leases have remaining lease terms of one year to 97 years. Leases having an initial term of twelve months or less are not recorded on the balance sheet and the related lease expense is recognized on a straight-line basis over the term of the lease. In addition, the Company has applied the practical expedient to account for the lease and non-lease components as a single lease component for all of the Company's leases.

Right-of-use (ROU) assets represent the Company's right to use an underlying asset for the lease term and lease liabilities represent the Company's obligation to make lease payments arising from the lease. Effective January 1, 2019, operating lease ROU assets and liabilities are recognized at the commencement date of the lease based on the present value of lease payments over the lease term. The Company's leases may include options to extend or terminate the lease. These options to extend are included in the lease term when it is reasonably certain that we will exercise that option. Some leases have variable payments, however, because they are not based on an index or rate, they are not included in the ROU assets and liabilities. Variable payments for real estate leases primarily relate to common area maintenance, insurance, taxes and utilities. Variable payments for equipment, vehicles, and leases within supply agreements primarily relate to usage, repairs, and maintenance. As the implicit rate is not readily determinable for most of the Company's leases, the Company applies a portfolio approach using an estimated incremental borrowing rate to determine the initial present value of lease payments over the lease terms, which is based on market and company specific information.

12



Components of Lease Expense
In millions
 
March 31, 2019
Operating lease costs
 
$
39

Variable lease costs
 
22

Short-term lease costs
 
11

Finance lease cost
 
 
Amortization of lease assets
 
2

Interest on lease liabilities
 
1

Total lease cost, net
 
$
75


Supplemental Balance Sheet Information Related to Leases
In millions
 
Classification
 
March 31, 2019
Assets
 
 
 
 
Operating lease assets
 
Right-of-use assets
 
$
415

Finance lease assets
 
Plants, properties and equipment, net (a)
 
104

Total leased assets
 
 
 
$
519

Liabilities
 
 
 
 
Current
 
 
 
 
Operating
 
Other current liabilities
 
$
137

Finance
 
Notes payable and current maturities of long-term debt
 
9

Noncurrent
 
 
 
 
Operating
 
Long-term lease obligations
 
281

Finance
 
Long-term debt
 
90

Total lease liabilities
 
 
 
$
517


(a)
Finance leases are recorded net of accumulated amortization of $33 million.

Lease Term and Discount Rate
In millions
 
March 31, 2019
Weighted average remaining lease term (years)
 
 
Operating leases
 
10.15 years

Finance leases
 
11.93 years

Weighted average discount rate
 
 
Operating leases
 
3.28
%
Finance leases
 
4.55
%

Supplemental Cash Flow Information Related to Leases
In millions
 
March 31, 2019
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities
 
 
Operating cash flows related to operating leases
 
$
(35
)
Financing cash flows related to finance leases
 
(2
)











13



Maturity of Lease Liabilities
 
 
March 31, 2019
In millions
 
Operating Leases
 
Financing Leases
 
Total
2019 (remainder of year)
 
$
111

 
$
11

 
$
122

2020
 
117

 
14

 
131

2021
 
78

 
12

 
90

2022
 
47

 
11

 
58

2023
 
26

 
11

 
37

Thereafter
 
100

 
76

 
176

Total lease payments
 
479

 
135

 
614

Less: Interest (a)
 
61

 
36

 
97

Present value of lease liabilities
 
$
418

 
$
99

 
$
517


(a)
Calculated using the interest rate for each lease.

At December 31, 2018, total future minimum commitments under existing non-cancelable operating leases were as follows:
In millions
 
2019
 
2020
 
2021
 
2022
 
2023
 
Thereafter
Lease obligations
 
$
160

 
$
125

 
$
77

 
$
49

 
$
28

 
$
118



The Company accounts for the following investments in affiliated companies under the equity method of accounting.

Graphic Packaging International Partners, LLC

On January 1, 2018, the Company completed the transfer of its North American Consumer Packaging business, which included its North American Coated Paperboard and Foodservice businesses, to a subsidiary of Graphic Packaging International Partners, LLC (GPIP), a subsidiary of Graphic Packaging Holding Company, in exchange for a 20.5% ownership interest in GPIP. GPIP subsequently transferred the North American Consumer Packaging business to Graphic Packaging International, LLC (GPI), a wholly-owned subsidiary of GPIP that holds the assets of the combined business. The Company recorded equity earnings of $13 million and $2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. The Company received cash dividends from GPIP of $6 million during the first three months of 2019. The Company's investment in GPIP was $1.1 billion at both March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, which was $568 million and $562 million, respectively, more than the Company's proportionate share of the entity's underlying net assets. The difference primarily relates to the basis difference between the fair value of our investment and the underlying net assets and is generally amortized in equity earnings over a period consistent with the underlying long-lived assets. The Company is party to various agreements with GPI under which it sells fiber and other products to GPI. Sales under these agreements were $69 million and $60 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

Summarized financial information for GPIP is presented in the following tables:

Balance Sheet
In millions
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
Current assets
$
1,831

 
$
1,757

Noncurrent assets
5,450

 
5,292

Current liabilities
995

 
1,148

Noncurrent liabilities
3,528

 
3,156








14


Income Statement
 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
In millions
2019
 
2018
Net sales
$
1,506

 
$
1,476

Gross profit
266

 
223

Income from continuing operations
95

 
62

Net income
95

 
62


Ilim S.A.

The Company has a 50% equity interest in Ilim S.A. (Ilim), which has subsidiaries whose primary operations are in Russia. The Company recorded equity earnings (losses), net of taxes, of $101 million and $92 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. The Company received cash dividends from the joint venture of $116 million during the first three months of 2018. At March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, the Company's investment in Ilim was $594 million and $478 million, respectively, which was $150 million and $145 million, respectively, more than the Company's proportionate share of the joint venture's underlying net assets. The differences primarily relate to currency translation adjustments and the basis difference between the fair value of our investment at acquisition and the underlying net assets. The Company is party to a joint marketing agreement with JSC Ilim Group, a subsidiary of Ilim, under which the Company purchases, markets and sells paper produced by JSC Ilim Group. Purchases under this agreement were $53 million for each of the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018.

Summarized financial information for Ilim is presented in the following tables:

Balance Sheet
In millions
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
Current assets
$
1,136

 
$
981

Noncurrent assets
2,019

 
1,710

Current liabilities
706

 
545

Noncurrent liabilities
1,542

 
1,470

Noncontrolling interests
18

 
11


Income Statement
 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
In millions
2019
 
2018
Net sales
$
620

 
$
677

Gross profit
336

 
375

Income from continuing operations
205

 
189

Net income
199

 
183


15




Goodwill

The following table presents changes in goodwill balances as allocated to each business segment for the three-months ended March 31, 2019: 
In millions
Industrial
Packaging
 
Global Cellulose Fibers
 
Printing
Papers
 
Total
Balance as of January 1, 2019
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goodwill
$
3,379

 
$
52

  
$
2,116

  
$
5,547

Accumulated impairment losses (a)
(296
)
 

  
(1,877
)
 
(2,173
)
 
3,083

 
52

  
239

  
3,374

Currency translation and other (b)

 

 
(2
)
 
(2
)
Additions/reductions
21

(c)

 

 
21

Balance as of March 31, 2019
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goodwill
3,400

 
52

  
2,114

  
5,566

Accumulated impairment losses (a)
(296
)
 

  
(1,877
)
 
(2,173
)
Total
$
3,104

 
$
52

  
$
237

  
$
3,393

 
(a)
Represents accumulated goodwill impairment charges since the adoption of ASC 350, "Intangibles-Goodwill and Other" in 2002.
(b)
Represents the effects of foreign currency translations and reclassifications.
(c) Reflects the provisional goodwill for the acquisitions of two Industrial Packaging box plants in Spain.

Other Intangibles

Identifiable intangible assets comprised the following: 
 
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
In millions
Gross
Carrying
Amount
 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Net Intangible Assets
 
Gross
Carrying
Amount
 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Net Intangible Assets
Customer relationships and lists
$
541

 
$
253

 
$
288

 
$
542

 
$
247

 
$
295

Non-compete agreements
68

 
68

 

 
67

 
67

 

Tradenames, patents and trademarks, and developed technology
173

 
93

 
80

 
174

 
90

 
84

Land and water rights
8

 
2

 
6

 
8

 
2

 
6

Software
26

 
25

 
1

 
26

 
25

 
1

Other
31

 
24

 
7

 
30

 
23

 
7

Total
$
847

 
$
465

 
$
382

 
$
847

 
$
454

 
$
393


The Company recognized the following amounts as amortization expense related to intangible assets: 
 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
In millions
2019
 
2018
Amortization expense related to intangible assets
$
12

 
$
14



International Paper received a net income tax refund of $51 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 compared to payments, net of refunds, of $20 million for the three months ended March 31, 2018.

The Company currently estimates, that as a result of ongoing discussions, pending tax settlements and expirations of statutes of limitations, the amount of unrecognized tax benefits could be reduced by approximately $28 million during the next 12 months.
International Paper uses the flow-through method to account for investment tax credits earned on eligible open loop-biomass facilities and Combined Heat and Power system expenditures. Under this method, the investment tax credits are recognized as a

16


reduction to income tax expense in the year they are earned rather than a reduction in the asset basis. The Company recorded a tax benefit of $6 million for each of the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.
The Brazilian Federal Revenue Service has challenged the deductibility of goodwill amortization generated in a 2007 acquisition by International Paper do Brasil Ltda., a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company. The Company received assessments for the tax years 2007-2015 totaling approximately $158 million in tax, and $401 million in interest and penalties as of March 31, 2019 (adjusted for variation in currency exchange rates). After a previous favorable ruling challenging the basis for these assessments, we received an unfavorable decision in October 2018 from the Brazilian Administrative Council of Tax Appeals. The Company intends to further appeal the matter in the Brazilian federal courts in 2019; however, this tax litigation matter may take many years to resolve. The Company believes that it has appropriately evaluated the transaction underlying these assessments, and has concluded based on Brazilian tax law, that its position would be sustained. The Company intends to vigorously defend its position against the current assessments and any similar assessments that may be issued for tax years subsequent to 2015.


Environmental

International Paper has been named as a potentially responsible party (PRP) in environmental remediation actions under various federal and state laws, including the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA). Many of these proceedings involve the cleanup of hazardous substances at large commercial landfills that received waste from many different sources. While joint and several liability is authorized under CERCLA and equivalent state laws, as a practical matter, liability for CERCLA cleanups is typically allocated among the many PRPs. There are other remediation costs typically associated with the cleanup of hazardous substances at the Company’s current, closed or formerly-owned facilities, and recorded as liabilities in the balance sheet.

Remediation costs are recorded in the consolidated financial statements when they become probable and reasonably estimable. International Paper has estimated the probable liability associated with these matters to be approximately $132 million ($142 million undiscounted) in the aggregate as of March 31, 2019. Other than as described below, completion of required remedial actions is not expected to have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements.

Cass Lake: One of the matters included above arises out of a closed wood-treating facility located in Cass Lake, Minnesota. In June 2011, the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) selected and published a proposed soil remedy at the site with an estimated cost of $46 million. The overall remediation reserve for the site is currently $49 million to address the selection of an alternative for the soil remediation component of the overall site remedy, which includes the ongoing groundwater remedy. In October 2011, the EPA released a public statement indicating that the final soil remedy decision would be delayed. In March 2016, the EPA issued a proposed plan concerning clean-up standards at a portion of the site, the estimated cost of which is included within the reserve referenced above. In October 2012, the Natural Resource Trustees for this site provided notice to International Paper and other PRPs of their intent to perform a Natural Resource Damage Assessment. It is premature to predict the outcome of the assessment or to estimate a loss or range of loss, if any, which may be incurred.

Kalamazoo River: The Company is a PRP with respect to the Allied Paper, Inc./Portage Creek/Kalamazoo River Superfund Site in Michigan. The EPA asserts that the site is contaminated by polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) primarily as a result of discharges from various paper mills located along the Kalamazoo River, including a paper mill (the Allied Paper Mill) formerly owned by St. Regis Paper Company (St. Regis). The Company is a successor in interest to St. Regis.

In March 2016, the Company and other PRPs received a special notice letter from the EPA (i) inviting participation in implementing a remedy for a portion of the site known as Operable Unit 5, Area 1, and (ii) demanding reimbursement of EPA past costs totaling $37 million, including $19 million in past costs previously demanded by the EPA. The Company responded to the special notice letter. In December 2016, the EPA issued a unilateral administrative order to the Company and other PRPs to perform the remedy. The Company responded to the unilateral administrative order, agreeing to comply with the order subject to its sufficient cause defenses.

In April 2016, the EPA issued a separate unilateral administrative order to the Company and certain other PRPs for a time-critical removal action (TCRA) of PCB-contaminated sediments from a different portion of the site. The Company responded to the unilateral administrative order and agreed along with two other parties to comply with the order subject to its sufficient cause defenses.


17


In October 2016, the Company and another PRP received a special notice letter from the EPA inviting participation in the remedial design component of the landfill remedy for the Allied Paper Mill. The record of decision establishing the final landfill remedy for the Allied Paper Mill was issued by the EPA in September 2016. The Company responded to the Allied Paper Mill special notice letter in December 2016. In February 2017, the EPA informed the Company that it would make other arrangements for the performance of the remedial design.

The Company’s CERCLA liability has not been finally determined with respect to these or any other portions of the site, and except as noted above, the Company has declined to perform any work or reimburse the EPA at this time. As noted below, the Company is involved in allocation/apportionment litigation with regard to the site. Accordingly, it is premature to predict the outcome or estimate our maximum reasonably possible loss with respect to this site. However, we do not believe that any material loss is probable.


The Company was named as a defendant by Georgia-Pacific Consumer Products LP, Fort James Corporation and Georgia Pacific LLC in a contribution and cost recovery action for alleged pollution at the site. The suit seeks contribution under CERCLA for costs purportedly expended by plaintiffs (
$79 million as of the filing of the complaint) and for future remediation costs. The suit alleges that a mill, during the time it was allegedly owned and operated by St. Regis, discharged PCB contaminated solids and paper residuals resulting from paper de-inking and recycling. NCR Corporation and Weyerhaeuser Company are also named as defendants in the suit. In mid-2011, the suit was transferred from the District Court for the Eastern District of Wisconsin to the District Court for the Western District of Michigan.

The trial of the initial liability phase took place in February 2013. Weyerhaeuser conceded prior to trial that it was a liable party with respect to the site. In September 2013, an opinion and order was issued in the suit. The order concluded that the Company (as the successor to St. Regis) was not an “operator,” but was an “owner,” of the mill at issue during a portion of the relevant period and is therefore liable under CERCLA. The order also determined that NCR is a liable party as an "arranger for disposal" of PCBs in waste paper that was de-inked and recycled by mills along the Kalamazoo River. The order did not address the Company's responsibility, if any, for past or future costs. The parties’ responsibility, including that of the Company, was the subject of a second trial, which was concluded in late 2015. In June 2018, the Court issued its Final Judgment and Order, which fixed the past cost amount at approximately $50 million (plus interest to be determined) and allocated to the Company a 15% share of responsibility for those past costs. The Court did not address responsibility for future costs in its decision. In July 2018, the Company and each of the other parties filed notices appealing the Final Judgment and prior orders incorporated into that Judgment. As to future remediation costs, we remain unable to estimate our maximum reasonably possible loss with respect to this site. However, we do not believe that any material loss is probable.
Harris County: International Paper and McGinnis Industrial Maintenance Corporation (MIMC), a subsidiary of Waste Management, Inc. (WMI), are PRPs at the San Jacinto River Waste Pits Superfund Site in Harris County, Texas. The PRPs have been actively participating in the activities at the site and share the costs of these activities. In September 2016, the EPA issued a proposed remedial action plan (PRAP) for the site, which identified the preferred remedy as the removal of the contaminated material currently protected by an armored cap. In addition, the EPA selected a preferred remedy for the separate southern impoundment that requires offsite disposal. In January 2017, the PRPs submitted comments on the PRAP.
On October 11, 2017, the EPA issued a Record of Decision (ROD) selecting the final remedy for the site: removal and relocation of the waste material from both the northern and southern impoundments. The EPA did not specify the methods or practices needed to perform this work. While the EPA’s selected remedy was accompanied by a cost estimate of approximately $115 million, we do not believe that estimate provides a reasonable basis for accrual under GAAP because the estimate was based on a technological method for performing the work that we believe is not feasible. Subsequent to the issuance of the ROD, there have been numerous meetings between the EPA and the PRPs, and the Company continues to work with the EPA and MIMC/WMI to develop the remedial design.
To this end, in April 2018, the PRPs entered into an Administrative Order on Consent (AOC) with the EPA, agreeing to work together to develop the remedial design over the subsequent 29 months. The AOC does not include any agreement to perform waste removal or other construction activity at the site. Rather, it involves adaptive management techniques and a pre-design investigation, the objectives of which include filling data gaps (including but not limited to post-Hurricane Harvey technical data generated prior to the ROD and not incorporated into the selected remedy), refining areas and volumes of materials to be addressed, determining if an excavation remedy is able to be implemented in a manner protective of human health and the environment, and investigating potential impacts of remediation activities to infrastructure in the vicinity.
The Company has identified a number of concerns and uncertainties regarding the remedy described in the ROD and regarding the EPA’s estimates for the costs and time required to implement the selected remedy. The Company has determined, however, that even if the ROD cannot be implemented, a sheet pile "engineered barrier" can be constructed, which would enhance the

18


existing remedy and could also be used should the ROD be determined to be feasible and implementable. In the third quarter of 2018, we increased our recorded liability accordingly to reflect the estimated cost of constructing this barrier. Because of ongoing questions regarding cost effectiveness, technical feasibility, timing and other technical data, however, it is uncertain how the ROD will be implemented. Consequently, while additional losses are probable as a result of the selected remedy, we are currently unable to determine any further adjustment to our immaterial recorded liability. It remains reasonably possible that additional losses could be material as the remedial design process with the EPA continues over the coming quarters.

International Paper and MIMC/WMI are also defending an additional lawsuit related to the site brought by approximately 600 individuals who allege property damage and personal injury. Because this case is still in the discovery phase, it is premature to predict the outcome or to estimate a loss or range of loss, if any, which may be incurred.

Antitrust

Containerboard: In June 2016, a lawsuit captioned Ashley Furniture Indus., Inc. v. Packaging Corporation of America (W.D. Wis.), was filed in federal court in Wisconsin against ten defendants, including the Company, Temple-Inland and Weyerhaeuser Company. The Ashley Furniture lawsuit alleged a civil violation of Section 1 of the Sherman Act (in particular, that defendants conspired to limit the supply and thereby increase prices of containerboard products), and also asserted Wisconsin state antitrust claims. In January 2019, the parties filed a stipulation to dismiss the Ashley Furniture lawsuit with prejudice, and the case is now closed. The Company made no payment in consideration for the dismissal.
 
In January 2011, International Paper was named as a defendant in a lawsuit filed in state court in Cocke County, Tennessee alleging that International Paper violated Tennessee law by conspiring to limit the supply and fix the prices of containerboard from mid-2005 to the present. Plaintiffs in the state court action seek certification of a class of Tennessee indirect purchasers of containerboard products, damages and costs, including attorneys' fees. No class certification materials have been filed to date in the Tennessee action. The Company disputes the allegations made in the Tennessee lawsuit and is vigorously defending it. At this time, however, because the action is in a preliminary stage, we are unable to predict an outcome or estimate a range of reasonably possible loss.

Contract

Signature: In August 2014, a lawsuit captioned Signature Industrial Services LLC et al. v. International Paper Company was filed in state court in Texas. The Signature lawsuit arises out of approximately $1 million in disputed invoices related to the installation of new equipment at the Company's Orange, Texas mill. In addition to the invoices in dispute, Signature and its president allege consequential damages arising from the Company's nonpayment of those invoices. The lawsuit was tried before a jury in Beaumont, Texas, in May 2017. On June 1, 2017, the jury returned a verdict awarding approximately $125 million in damages to the plaintiffs. The Court issued a judgment on December 14, 2017, awarding the plaintiffs a total of approximately $137 million in actual and consequential damages, fees, costs and pre-judgment interest, and awarding post-judgment interest. The Company has appealed this judgment. The Company has presented in its briefing numerous and strong bases for appeal, and we believe we will prevail on appeal. Because the appellate proceedings are ongoing, we are unable to estimate a range of reasonably possible loss, but we expect the amount of any loss to be immaterial.

General

The Company is involved in various other inquiries, administrative proceedings and litigation relating to environmental and safety matters, personal injury, labor and employment, contracts, sales of property, intellectual property, tax, antitrust and other matters, some of which allege substantial monetary damages. While any proceeding or litigation has the element of uncertainty, the Company believes that the outcome of any of these other lawsuits or claims that are pending or threatened or all of them combined (other than those that cannot be assessed due to their preliminary nature) will not have a material effect on its consolidated financial statements. See Note 13 for details regarding a tax matter.


Variable Interest Entities

As of March 31, 2019, the fair value of the Timber Notes and Extension Loans is $4.77 billion and $4.24 billion, respectively, for the 2015 Financing Entities. The Timber Notes and Extension Loans are classified as Level 2 within the fair value hierarchy, which is further defined in Note 16 in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018.


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Activity between the Company and the 2015 Financing Entities was as follows:
 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
In millions
2019
 
2018
Revenue (a)
$
24

 
$
24

Expense (a)
32

 
32

Cash receipts (b)
47

 
47

Cash payments (c)
64

 
64

 
(a)
The revenue and expense are included in Interest expense, net in the accompanying statement of operations.
(b)
The cash receipts are interest received on the Financial assets of special purpose entities.
(c)
The cash payments represent interest paid on Nonrecourse financial liabilities of special purpose entities.

As of March 31, 2019, the fair value of the Timber Notes and Extension Loans is $2.22 billion and $2.07 billion, respectively, for the 2007 Financing Entities. The Timber Notes and Extension Loans are classified as Level 2 within the fair value hierarchy, which is further defined in Note 16 in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018.

Activity between the Company and the 2007 Financing Entities was as follows: 
 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
In millions
2019
 
2018
Revenue (a)
$
21

 
$
15

Expense (b)
21

 
14

Cash receipts (c)
16

 
9

Cash payments (d)
18

 
12

 
(a)
The revenue is included in Interest expense, net in the accompanying statement of operations and includes approximately $5 million for each of the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, of accretion income for the amortization of the basis difference adjustment on the Financial assets of special purpose entities.
(b)
The expense is included in Interest expense, net in the accompanying statement of operations and includes approximately $2 million for each of the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, of accretion expense for the amortization of the basis difference adjustment on the Nonrecourse financial liabilities of special purpose entities.
(c)
The cash receipts are interest received on the Financial assets of special purpose entities.
(d)
The cash payments are interest paid on Nonrecourse financial liabilities of special purpose entities.


In June 2018, the borrowing capacity of International Paper's commercial paper program was increased from $750 million to $1.0 billion. Under the terms of the program, individual maturities on borrowings may vary, but not exceed one year from the date of issue. Interest bearing notes may be issued either as fixed or floating rate notes. As of March 31, 2019, the Company had $530 million of borrowings outstanding under the program at a weighted average interest rate of 2.73%.

International Paper also has up to $600 million of uncommitted financings based on eligible receivable balances under a receivables securitization program that expires in December 2019. At March 31, 2019, $100 million was outstanding at a weighted-average interest rate of 3.32% under the receivables securitization program.

At March 31, 2019, the fair value of International Paper’s $10.8 billion of debt was approximately $11.2 billion. The fair value of the Company’s long-term debt is estimated based on the quoted market prices for the same or similar issues. International Paper’s long-term debt is classified as Level 2 within the fair value hierarchy, which is further defined in Note 16 in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018.

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As a multinational company International Paper is exposed to market risks, such as changes in interest rates, currency exchange rates and commodity prices.

The notional amounts of qualifying and non-qualifying financial instruments used in hedging transactions were as follows:
In millions
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
Derivatives in Cash Flow Hedging Relationships:
 
 
 
Foreign exchange contracts (a)
$
403

 
$
407

Derivatives in Fair Value Hedging Relationships:
 
 
 
Interest rate contracts
700

 
700

Derivatives Not Designated as Hedging Instruments:
 
 
 
Electricity contract
3

 
8

Foreign exchange contracts
11

 
19


(a)
These contracts had maturities of two years or less as of March 31, 2019.

The following table shows gains or losses recognized in AOCI, net of tax, related to derivative instruments: 
 
Gain (Loss)
Recognized in
AOCI
on Derivatives
(Effective Portion)
 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
In millions
2019
 
2018
Interest rate contracts
$

 
$
(3
)
Total
$

 
$
(3
)

During the next 12 months, the amount of the March 31, 2019 AOCI balance, after tax, that is expected to be reclassified to earnings is a loss of $2 million.

The amounts of gains and losses recognized in the statement of operations on qualifying and non-qualifying financial instruments used in hedging transactions were as follows:
 
Gain (Loss)
Reclassified from
AOCI
(Effective Portion)
Location of Gain (Loss)
Reclassified from AOCI
(Effective Portion)
 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
 
In millions
2019
 
2018
 
 
Derivatives in Cash Flow Hedging Relationships:
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign exchange contracts
$
(1
)
 
$
2

 
Cost of products sold
Total
$
(1
)
 
$
2

 
 


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