Company Quick10K Filing
Quick10K
Interpublic Group of Companies
Closing Price ($) Shares Out (MM) Market Cap ($MM)
$22.94 387 $8,880
10-Q 2019-03-31 Quarter: 2019-03-31
10-K 2018-12-31 Annual: 2018-12-31
10-Q 2018-09-30 Quarter: 2018-09-30
10-Q 2018-06-30 Quarter: 2018-06-30
10-Q 2018-03-31 Quarter: 2018-03-31
10-K 2017-12-31 Annual: 2017-12-31
10-Q 2017-09-30 Quarter: 2017-09-30
10-Q 2017-06-30 Quarter: 2017-06-30
10-Q 2017-03-31 Quarter: 2017-03-31
10-K 2016-12-31 Annual: 2016-12-31
10-Q 2016-09-30 Quarter: 2016-09-30
10-Q 2016-06-30 Quarter: 2016-06-30
10-Q 2016-03-31 Quarter: 2016-03-31
10-K 2015-12-31 Annual: 2015-12-31
10-Q 2015-09-30 Quarter: 2015-09-30
10-Q 2015-06-30 Quarter: 2015-06-30
10-Q 2015-03-31 Quarter: 2015-03-31
10-K 2014-12-31 Annual: 2014-12-31
10-Q 2014-09-30 Quarter: 2014-09-30
10-Q 2014-06-30 Quarter: 2014-06-30
10-Q 2014-03-31 Quarter: 2014-03-31
10-K 2013-12-31 Annual: 2013-12-31
8-K 2019-06-12 Officers, Exhibits
8-K 2019-05-23 Shareholder Vote
8-K 2019-04-26 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2019-04-26 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2019-02-19 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2019-02-13 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-11-13 Other Events
8-K 2018-10-19 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-10-19 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-10-01 Earnings, Off-BS Arrangement, Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2018-09-18 Enter Agreement, Off-BS Arrangement, Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-07-27 Enter Agreement, Off-BS Arrangement, Exhibits
8-K 2018-07-24 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-07-24 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-07-02 Enter Agreement, Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2018-05-24 Shareholder Vote
8-K 2018-04-27 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-04-23 Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2018-02-14 Earnings, Exhibits
MUR Murphy Oil 4,800
FNB FNB 3,890
GOOS Canada Goose Holdings 3,030
LAWS Lawson Products 300
PT Pharol 281
AVDR Avedro 216
MCTC Microchannel Technologies 0
GRMC Goldrich Mining 0
TGRP Tron Group 0
SAB Grupo Casa Saba 0
IPG 2019-03-31
Part I - Financial Information
Item 1. Financial Statements (Unaudited)
Note 1: Basis of Presentation
Note 2: Revenue
Note 3: Leases
Note 4: Debt and Credit Arrangements
Note 5: Acquisitions
Note 6: Loss per Share
Note 7: Supplementary Data
Note 8: Income Taxes
Note 9: Restructuring Charges
Note 10: Incentive Compensation Plans
Note 11: Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss, Net of Tax
Note 12: Employee Benefits
Note 13: Segment Information
Note 14: Fair Value Measurements
Note 15: Commitments and Contingencies
Note 16: Recent Accounting Standards
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Part II - Other Information
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Item 6. Exhibits
EX-10.(III)(A)(1) exhibit10iiia1.htm
EX-10.(III)(A)(2) exhibit10iiia2.htm
EX-10.(III)(A)(3) exhibit10iiia3.htm
EX-10.(III)(A)(4) exhibit10iiia4.htm
EX-10.(III)(A)(5) exhibit10iiia5.htm
EX-10.(III)(A)(6) exhibit10iiia6.htm
EX-31.1 ipgq1201910qex311.htm
EX-31.2 ipgq1201910qex312.htm
EX-32 ipgq1201910qex32.htm

Interpublic Group of Companies Earnings 2019-03-31

IPG 10Q Quarterly Report

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow

10-Q 1 ipgq1201910q.htm 10-Q Document
UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
Form 10-Q
 
x
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
 
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2019
or
 
o
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Commission file number: 1-6686
ipglogo2018a02.jpg
THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
 
13-1024020
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

909 Third Avenue, New York, New York 10022
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
(212) 704-1200
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ý    No ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes ý    No ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See definition of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
 
ý
 
Accelerated filer
 
¨
Non-accelerated filer
 
¨
 
Smaller reporting company
 
¨
 
 
 
 
Emerging growth company
 
¨
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ¨    No ý

The number of shares of the registrant’s common stock outstanding as of April 15, 2019 was 387,039,011.



INDEX
 
Page
Item 1.
 
 
Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2019 and 2018
 
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2019 and 2018
 
Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018
 
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2019 and 2018
 
Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2019 and 2018
 
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
 
 
 
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 2.
Item 6.
INFORMATION REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING DISCLOSURE
This quarterly report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements. Statements in this report that are not historical facts, including statements about management’s beliefs and expectations, constitute forward-looking statements. Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, words such as “may,” “will,” “expect,” “believe,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “could,” “would,” “estimate,” “continue” or comparable terminology are intended to identify forward-looking statements. These statements are based on current plans, estimates and projections, and are subject to change based on a number of factors, including those outlined under Item 1A, Risk Factors, in our most recent annual report on Form 10-K and our quarterly reports on Form 10-Q. Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date they are made, and we undertake no obligation to update publicly any of them in light of new information or future events.
Forward-looking statements involve inherent risks and uncertainties. A number of important factors could cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statement. Such factors include, but are not limited to, the following:
potential effects of a challenging economy, for example, on the demand for our advertising and marketing services, on our clients’ financial condition and on our business or financial condition;
our ability to attract new clients and retain existing clients;
our ability to retain and attract key employees;
risks associated with assumptions we make in connection with our critical accounting estimates, including changes in assumptions associated with any effects of a weakened economy;
potential adverse effects if we are required to recognize impairment charges or other adverse accounting-related developments;
risks associated with the effects of global, national and regional economic and political conditions, including counterparty risks and fluctuations in economic growth rates, interest rates and currency exchange rates;
developments from changes in the regulatory and legal environment for advertising and marketing and communications services companies around the world; and
failure to realize the anticipated benefits on the acquisition of the Acxiom business.
Investors should carefully consider these factors and the additional risk factors outlined in more detail under Item 1A, Risk Factors, in our most recent annual report on Form 10-K and our quarterly reports on Form 10-Q.

1


PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1.
Financial Statements (Unaudited)
THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)
 
Three months ended
March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
REVENUE:
 
 
 
Net revenue
$
2,004.8

 
$
1,774.0

Billable expenses
356.4

 
395.1

Total revenue
2,361.2

 
2,169.1

 
 
 
 
OPERATING EXPENSES:
 
 
 
Salaries and related expenses
1,421.1

 
1,330.3

Office and other direct expenses
389.2

 
323.8

Billable expenses
356.4

 
395.1

Cost of services
2,166.7

 
2,049.2

Selling, general and administrative expenses
41.4

 
35.1

Depreciation and amortization
71.1

 
46.0

Restructuring charges
31.8

 
0.0

Total operating expenses
2,311.0

 
2,130.3

 
 
 
 
OPERATING INCOME
50.2

 
38.8

 
 
 
 
EXPENSES AND OTHER INCOME:
 
 
 
Interest expense
(49.8
)
 
(19.9
)
Interest income
7.8

 
4.0

Other expense, net
(6.9
)
 
(24.4
)
Total (expenses) and other income
(48.9
)
 
(40.3
)
 
 
 
 
Income (loss) before income taxes
1.3

 
(1.5
)
Provision for income taxes
10.5

 
12.7

Loss of consolidated companies
(9.2
)
 
(14.2
)
Equity in net loss of unconsolidated affiliates
(0.3
)
 
(1.9
)
NET LOSS
(9.5
)
 
(16.1
)
Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests
1.5

 
2.0

NET LOSS AVAILABLE TO IPG COMMON STOCKHOLDERS
$
(8.0
)
 
$
(14.1
)
 
 
 
 
Loss per share available to IPG common stockholders:
 
 
 
Basic
$
(0.02
)
 
$
(0.04
)
Diluted
$
(0.02
)
 
$
(0.04
)
 
 
 
 
Weighted-average number of common shares outstanding:
 
 
 
Basic
384.5

 
383.4

Diluted
384.5

 
383.4

 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited financial statements.

2


THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(Amounts in Millions)
(Unaudited)
 
Three months ended
March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
NET LOSS
$
(9.5
)
 
$
(16.1
)
 
 
 
 
OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation:
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustments
8.3

 
22.4

Reclassification adjustments recognized in net loss
1.2

 
12.5

 
9.5

 
34.9

 
 
 
 
Derivative instruments:
 
 
 
Recognition of previously unrealized losses in net loss
0.6

 
0.5

Income tax effect
(0.1
)
 
(0.2
)
 
0.5

 
0.3

 
 
 
 
Defined benefit pension and other postretirement plans:
 
 
 
Amortization of unrecognized losses, transition obligation and
prior service cost included in net loss
1.7

 
1.9

Settlement and curtailment losses included in net loss
0.0

 
0.2

Other
(0.3
)
 
0.1

Income tax effect
(0.1
)
 
(0.1
)
 
1.3

 
2.1

Other comprehensive income, net of tax
11.3

 
37.3

TOTAL COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
1.8

 
21.2

Less: comprehensive loss attributable to noncontrolling interests
(1.6
)
 
(1.7
)
COMPREHENSIVE INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO IPG
$
3.4

 
$
22.9


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited financial statements.

3


THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Amounts in Millions)
(Unaudited)
 
March 31,
2019
 
December 31,
2018
ASSETS:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
630.5

 
$
673.4

Accounts receivable, net of allowance of $40.1 and $42.5, respectively
4,027.5

 
5,126.6

Accounts receivable, billable to clients
2,077.4

 
1,900.6

Assets held for sale
19.7

 
5.7

Other current assets
491.9

 
476.6

Total current assets
7,247.0

 
8,182.9

Property and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation of $1,061.6 and $1,034.9, respectively
767.1

 
790.9

Deferred income taxes
285.6

 
247.0

Goodwill
4,885.2

 
4,875.9

Other intangible assets
1,074.5

 
1,094.7

Operating lease right-of-use assets
1,355.5

 
0.0

Other non-current assets
435.1

 
428.9

TOTAL ASSETS
$
16,050.0

 
$
15,620.3

 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES:
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
5,733.7

 
$
6,698.1

Accrued liabilities
663.6

 
806.9

Contract liabilities
575.9

 
533.9

Short-term borrowings
272.4

 
73.7

Current portion of long-term debt
0.1

 
0.1

Current portion of operating leases
263.0

 
0.0

Liabilities held for sale
22.4

 
11.2

Total current liabilities
7,531.1

 
8,123.9

Long-term debt
3,663.7

 
3,660.2

Non-current operating leases
1,223.6

 
0.0

Deferred compensation
401.9

 
422.7

Other non-current liabilities
713.3

 
812.8

TOTAL LIABILITIES
13,533.6

 
13,019.6

 
 
 
 
Redeemable noncontrolling interests (see Note 5)
161.8

 
167.9

 
 
 
 
STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY:
 
 
 
Common stock
38.6

 
38.3

Additional paid-in capital
903.3

 
895.9

Retained earnings
2,303.1

 
2,400.1

Accumulated other comprehensive loss, net of tax
(929.7
)
 
(941.1
)
Total IPG stockholders’ equity
2,315.3

 
2,393.2

Noncontrolling interests
39.3

 
39.6

TOTAL STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
2,354.6

 
2,432.8

TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
$
16,050.0

 
$
15,620.3

 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited financial statements.

4


THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Amounts in Millions) (Unaudited)
 
Three months ended
March 31,
  
2019
 
2018
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:
 
 
 
Net loss
$
(9.5
)
 
$
(16.1
)
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash used in operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
71.1

 
46.0

Provision for uncollectible receivables
3.4

 
2.1

Amortization of restricted stock and other non-cash compensation
28.2

 
30.0

Net amortization of bond discounts and deferred financing costs
2.3

 
1.4

Deferred income tax provision
(31.0
)
 
(20.8
)
Net losses on sales of businesses
8.6

 
24.4

Other
13.1

 
6.8

Changes in assets and liabilities, net of acquisitions and divestitures, providing (using) cash:
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
1,088.4

 
675.2

Accounts receivable, billable to clients
(175.2
)
 
(220.7
)
Other current assets
(79.4
)
 
(88.3
)
Accounts payable
(961.3
)
 
(994.2
)
Accrued liabilities
(77.5
)
 
(164.6
)
Contract liabilities
39.2

 
17.6

Operating lease right-of-use assets
70.0

 
0.0

Non-current operating lease liabilities
(62.4
)
 
0.0

Other non-current assets and liabilities
(21.5
)
 
(28.7
)
Net cash used in operating activities
(93.5
)
 
(729.9
)
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:
 
 
 
Capital expenditures
(32.8
)
 
(22.8
)
Acquisitions, net of cash acquired
0.0

 
(0.2
)
Other investing activities
2.1

 
(0.1
)
Net cash used in investing activities
(30.7
)
 
(23.1
)
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
 
 
 
Net increase in short-term borrowings
201.0

 
718.8

Exercise of stock options
0.6

 
6.9

Repurchases of common stock
0.0

 
(54.9
)
Common stock dividends
(90.6
)
 
(80.8
)
Tax payments for employee shares withheld
(21.2
)
 
(26.3
)
Distributions to noncontrolling interests
(2.5
)
 
(3.9
)
Other financing activities
(0.6
)
 
(1.6
)
Net cash provided by financing activities
86.7

 
558.2

Effect of foreign exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash
(6.4
)
 
(2.9
)
Net decrease in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash
(43.9
)
 
(197.7
)
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period
677.2

 
797.7

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period
$
633.3

 
$
600.0


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited financial statements.

5


THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(Amounts in Millions)
(Unaudited)

 
 
Common Stock
 
Additional
Paid-In
Capital
 
Retained
Earnings
 
Accumulated 
Other
Comprehensive
Loss, Net of Tax
 
Total IPG
Stockholders’
Equity
 
Noncontrolling
Interests
 
Total
Stockholders’
Equity
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
Balance at December 31, 2018
383.6

 
$
38.3

 
$
895.9

 
$
2,400.1

 
$
(941.1
)
 
$
2,393.2

 
$
39.6

 
$
2,432.8

Cumulative effect of accounting change
 
 
 
 
 
 
2.2

 
 
 
2.2

 
 
 
2.2

Net loss
 
 
 
 
 
 
(8.0
)
 
 
 
(8.0
)
 
(1.5
)
 
(9.5
)
Other comprehensive income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
11.4

 
11.4

 
(0.1
)
 
11.3

Reclassifications related to redeemable
    noncontrolling interests
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
0.0

 
2.6

 
2.6

Distributions to noncontrolling interests
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
0.0

 
(2.5
)
 
(2.5
)
Change in redemption value of redeemable
    noncontrolling interests
 
 
 
 
 
 
0.3

 
 
 
0.3

 
 
 
0.3

Common stock dividends ($0.235 per share)
 
 
 
 
 
 
(90.6
)
 
 
 
(90.6
)
 
 
 
(90.6
)
Stock-based compensation
3.4

 
0.3

 
29.8

 
 
 
 
 
30.1

 
 
 
30.1

Exercise of stock options
0.0

 
0.0

 
0.6

 
 
 
 
 
0.6

 
 
 
0.6

Shares withheld for taxes
(0.8
)
 
0.0

 
(22.0
)
 
 
 
 
 
(22.0
)
 
 
 
(22.0
)
Other
 
 
 
 
(1.0
)
 
(0.9
)
 
 
 
(1.9
)
 
1.2

 
(0.7
)
Balance at March 31, 2019
386.2

 
$
38.6

 
$
903.3

 
$
2,303.1

 
$
(929.7
)
 
$
2,315.3

 
$
39.3

 
$
2,354.6

 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited financial statements.
















6


THE INTERPUBLIC GROUP OF COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(Amounts in Millions)
(Unaudited)

 
Common Stock
 
Additional
Paid-In
Capital
 
Retained
Earnings
 
Accumulated 
Other
Comprehensive
Loss, Net of Tax
 
Treasury
Stock
 
Total IPG
Stockholders’
Equity
 
Noncontrolling
Interests
 
Total
Stockholders’
Equity
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
Balance at December 31, 2017
386.2

 
$
38.6

 
$
955.2

 
$
2,104.5

 
$
(827.8
)
 
$
(59.0
)
 
$
2,211.5

 
$
34.8

 
$
2,246.3

Net loss
 
 
 
 
 
 
(14.1
)
 
 
 
 
 
(14.1
)
 
(2.0
)
 
(16.1
)
Other comprehensive income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
37.0

 
 
 
37.0

 
0.3

 
37.3

Reclassifications related to redeemable
    noncontrolling interests
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
0.0
 
2.5

 
2.5

Distributions to noncontrolling interests
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
0.0
 
(3.9
)
 
(3.9
)
Change in redemption value of redeemable
    noncontrolling interests
 
 
 
 
 
 
1.5

 
 
 
 
 
1.5

 
 
 
1.5

Repurchases of common stock
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(54.9
)
 
(54.9
)
 
 
 
(54.9
)
Common stock dividends ($0.210 per share)
 
 
 
 
 
 
(80.8
)
 
 
 
 
 
(80.8
)
 
 
 
(80.8
)
Stock-based compensation
4.4

 
0.4

 
30.3

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
30.7

 
 
 
30.7

Exercise of stock options
0.8

 
0.1

 
6.9

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
7.0

 
 
 
7.0

Shares withheld for taxes
(1.1
)
 
(0.1
)
 
(28.0
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(28.1
)
 
 
 
(28.1
)
Other
 
 
 
 
(0.7
)
 
(0.6
)
 
 
 
 
 
(1.3
)
 
0.1

 
(1.2
)
Balance at March 31, 2018
390.3

 
$
39.0

 
$
963.7

 
$
2,010.5

 
$
(790.8
)
 
$
(113.9
)
 
$
2,108.5

 
$
31.8

 
$
2,140.3

 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited financial statements.

7


Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)
Note 1:  Basis of Presentation
The unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements have been prepared by The Interpublic Group of Companies, Inc. and its subsidiaries (the "Company," "IPG," "we," "us" or "our") in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("U.S. GAAP") and pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC") for reporting interim financial information on Form 10-Q. Accordingly, they do not include certain information and disclosures required for complete financial statements. The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires us to make judgments, assumptions and estimates that affect the amounts reported and disclosed. Actual results could differ from these estimates and assumptions. The consolidated results for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of results for the full year and should be read in conjunction with our 2018 Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Cost of services is comprised of the expenses of our revenue-producing operating segments, Integrated Agency Networks ("IAN") and Constituency Management Group ("CMG"), including salaries and related expenses, office and other direct expenses and billable expenses, and includes an allocation of the centrally managed expenses of our Corporate and other group. Office and other direct expenses include rent expense, professional fees, certain expenses incurred by our staff in servicing our clients and other costs directly attributable to client engagements.
Selling, general and administrative expenses are primarily the unallocated expenses of our Corporate and other group, excluding depreciation and amortization.
Depreciation and amortization of the fixed assets and intangible assets of the Company is disclosed as a separate operating expense.
Restructuring charges relate to the Company's implementation of a cost initiative to better align our cost structure with our revenue, as discussed further in Note 9.
In the opinion of management, these unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements include all adjustments, consisting only of normal and recurring adjustments necessary for a fair statement of the information for each period contained therein. Certain reclassifications and immaterial revisions have been made to prior-period financial statements to conform to the current-period presentation.

Note 2:  Revenue
Disaggregation of Revenue
We have two reportable segments as of March 31, 2019: IAN and CMG, as further discussed in Note 13. IAN principally generates revenue from providing advertising and media services as well as a comprehensive array of global communications and marketing services. CMG generates revenue from providing events and public relations services as well as sports and entertainment marketing, corporate and brand identity, and strategic marketing consulting.
Our agencies are located in over 110 countries, including every significant world market. Our geographic revenue breakdown is listed below.
 
Three months ended
March 31,
Total revenue:
2019
 
2018
United States
$
1,535.1

 
$
1,350.7

International:
 
 
 
United Kingdom
206.2

 
204.4

Continental Europe
178.8

 
181.7

Asia Pacific
232.4

 
231.5

Latin America
89.3

 
80.0

Other
119.4

 
120.8

Total International
826.1

 
818.4

Total Consolidated
$
2,361.2

 
$
2,169.1

 

8

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements – (continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)

 
Three months ended
March 31,
Net revenue:
2019
 
2018
United States
$
1,314.1

 
$
1,092.3

International:
 
 
 
United Kingdom
170.3

 
163.5

Continental Europe
156.8

 
158.7

Asia Pacific
178.0

 
178.8

Latin America
80.3

 
73.9

Other
105.3

 
106.8

Total International
690.7

 
681.7

Total Consolidated
$
2,004.8

 
$
1,774.0

 

IAN
Three months ended
March 31,
Total revenue:
2019
 
2018
United States
$
1,210.1

 
$
1,023.2

International
662.1

 
662.3

Total IAN
$
1,872.2

 
$
1,685.5

 
 
 
 
Net revenue:
 
 
 
United States
$
1,119.3

 
$
898.0

International
591.9

 
583.3

Total IAN
$
1,711.2

 
$
1,481.3

 

CMG
Three months ended
March 31,
Total revenue:
2019
 
2018
United States
$
325.0

 
$
327.5

International
164.0

 
156.1

Total CMG
$
489.0

 
$
483.6

 
 
 
 
Net revenue:
 
 
 
United States
$
194.8

 
$
194.3

International
98.8

 
98.4

Total CMG
$
293.6

 
$
292.7

Contract Balances
The following table provides information about receivables, contract assets and contract liabilities from contracts with customers.
 
March 31,
2019
 
December 31,
2018
Accounts receivable, net of allowance of $40.1 and $42.5, respectively
$
4,027.5

 
$
5,126.6

Accounts receivable, billable to clients
2,077.4

 
1,900.6

Contract assets
63.3

 
67.9

Contract liabilities (deferred revenue)
575.9

 
533.9


9

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements – (continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)

Contract assets are primarily comprised of contract incentives that are generally satisfied annually under the terms of our contracts and are transferred to accounts receivable when the right to payment becomes unconditional. Contract liabilities relate to advance consideration received from customers under the terms of our contracts primarily related to reimbursements of third-party expenses, whether we act as principal or agent, and to a lesser extent, periodic retainer fees, both of which are generally recognized shortly after billing.
The majority of our contracts are for periods of one year or less. For those contracts with a term of more than one year, we had approximately $790.0 of unsatisfied performance obligations as of March 31, 2019 which will be recognized as services are performed over the remaining contractual terms.

Note 3:  Leases
Effective January 1, 2019, IPG adopted Accounting Standards Codification Topic 842, Leases, ("ASC 842") using the modified retrospective transition method. As such, we have recognized a right-of-use asset and a corresponding lease liability on our Consolidated Balance Sheet for virtually all of our leases with a term of more than twelve months. Prior-year financial statements were not recast under the new standard and, therefore, those amounts are not presented below. As an accounting policy, we have elected not to apply the recognition requirements to short-term leases, not to separate non-lease components from lease components, and have elected the package of transition provisions available for existing contracts, which allowed us to carryforward our historical assessments of (i) whether contracts are or contain leases, (ii) lease classification and (iii) initial direct costs.
We do not have a material amount of finance leases and the majority of our operating leases, for which we serve as the lessee, consist primarily of real-estate property for our offices around the world. Both the asset and liability are measured at the present value of the future minimum lease payments, with the asset being subject to adjustments such as initial direct costs, prepaid lease payments, and lease incentives. Many of our leases provide for renewal and/or termination options, as well as escalation clauses, which are also factored into our lease payments when appropriate. Our leases have remaining lease terms of 1 year to 21 years. The discount rate used to measure the lease asset and liability is determined at the beginning of the lease term using the rate implicit in the lease, if readily determinable, or using the Company's collatoralized credit adjusted borrowing rate.
The following table presents information on our operating leases for the three months ended March 31, 2019.
 
Three months ended
March 31, 2019
Operating lease cost
$
78.4

Short-term lease cost
5.1

Sublease income
(2.1
)
Total lease cost
$
81.4

 
 
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities
$
79.4

Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for lease obligations
$
1.1

Weighted-average remaining lease term
Seven years

Weighted-average discount rate
4.47
%


10

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements – (continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)

Our future minimum payments of our operating leases as of March 31, 2019 are listed in the table below.
Period
Net Rent
2019
$
327.1

2020
303.0

2021
261.1

2022
212.4

2023
157.8

Thereafter
557.2

Total future minimum lease payments
1,818.6

Less: imputed interest
(332.0
)
Present value of future minimum lease payments
1,486.6

Less: current portion of operating leases
263.0

Non-current operating leases

$
1,223.6


Our future minimum payments of our operating leases as of December 31, 2018 are listed in the table below.
Period
Rent
Obligations
 
Sublease Rental
Income
 
Net Rent
2019
$
352.0

 
$
(7.7
)
 
$
344.3

2020
324.3

 
(5.2
)
 
319.1

2021
282.3

 
(2.2
)
 
280.1

2022
242.5

 
(1.3
)
 
241.2

2023
184.0

 
(0.6
)
 
183.4

Thereafter
714.6

 
(0.5
)
 
714.1

Total future minimum lease payments

$
2,099.7

 
$
(17.5
)
 
$
2,082.2


As of March 31, 2019, we have additional operating leases that have not yet commenced with future minimum lease payments of approximately $180.0 that will commence in 2019 with lease terms of 5 to 15 years.


11

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements – (continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)

Note 4:  Debt and Credit Arrangements
Long-Term Debt
A summary of the carrying amounts and fair values of our long-term debt is listed below.
 
Effective
Interest Rate
 
March 31,
2019
 
December 31,
2018
Book
Value
 
Fair
Value 1
 
Book
Value
 
Fair
Value 1
3.50% Senior Notes due 2020 (less unamortized discount and issuance costs of $0.7 and $2.2, respectively)
3.89%
 
$
497.1

 
$
504.3

 
$
496.6

 
$
499.9

3.75% Senior Notes due 2021 (less unamortized discount and issuance costs of $0.3 and $2.7, respectively)
3.98%
 
497.0

 
508.4

 
496.8

 
503.2

4.00% Senior Notes due 2022 (less unamortized discount and issuance costs of $1.0 and $0.7, respectively)
4.13%
 
248.3

 
255.2

 
248.2

 
250.3

3.75% Senior Notes due 2023 (less unamortized discount and issuance costs of $0.6 and $1.6, respectively)
4.32%
 
497.8

 
507.5

 
497.7

 
491.4

4.20% Senior Notes due 2024 (less unamortized discount and issuance costs of $0.5 and $2.1, respectively)
4.24%
 
497.4

 
515.0

 
497.3

 
492.6

4.65% Senior Notes due 2028 (less unamortized discount and issuance costs of $1.6 and $4.2, respectively)
4.78%
 
494.2

 
521.2

 
494.0

 
494.1

5.40% Senior Notes due 2048 (less unamortized discount and issuance costs of $2.8 and $5.5, respectively)
5.48%
 
491.7

 
505.4

 
491.7

 
474.1

Term Loan due 2021 - LIBOR plus 1.25%
 
 
400.0

 
400.0

 
400.0

 
400.0

Other notes payable and capitalized leases
 
 
40.3

 
40.3

 
38.0

 
38.0

Total long-term debt
 
 
3,663.8

 
 
 
3,660.3

 
 
Less: current portion
 
 
0.1

 
 
 
0.1

 
 
Long-term debt, excluding current portion
 
 
$
3,663.7

 
 
 
$
3,660.2

 
 
 
1
See Note 14 for information on the fair value measurement of our long-term debt.
Credit Agreements
We maintain a committed corporate credit facility, originally dated as of July 18, 2008, which has been amended and restated from time to time (the "Credit Agreement"). We use our Credit Agreement to increase our financial flexibility, to provide letters of credit primarily to support obligations of our subsidiaries and to support our commercial paper program. The Credit Agreement is a revolving facility, expiring in October 2022, under which amounts borrowed by us or any of our subsidiaries designated under the Credit Agreement may be repaid and reborrowed, subject to an aggregate lending limit of $1,500.0, or the equivalent in other currencies. The Company has the ability to increase the commitments under the Credit Agreement from time to time by an additional amount of up to $250.0, provided the Company receives commitments for such increases and satisfies certain other conditions. The aggregate available amount of letters of credit outstanding may decrease or increase, subject to a sublimit on letters of credit of $50.0, or the equivalent in other currencies. Our obligations under the Credit Agreement are unsecured. As of March 31, 2019, there were no borrowings under the Credit Agreement; however, we had $8.7 of letters of credit under the Credit Agreement, which reduced our total availability to $1,491.3. We were in compliance with all of our covenants in the Credit Agreement as of March 31, 2019.
We also have uncommitted lines of credit with various banks that permit borrowings at variable interest rates and that are primarily used to fund working capital needs. We have guaranteed the repayment of some of these borrowings made by certain subsidiaries. If we lose access to these credit lines, we would have to provide funding directly to some of our operations. As of March 31, 2019, the Company had uncommitted lines of credit in an aggregate amount of $1,112.7, under which we had outstanding borrowings of $69.9 classified as short-term borrowings on our Consolidated Balance Sheet. The average amount outstanding during the first quarter of 2019 was $102.9, with a weighted-average interest rate of approximately 4.3%.

12

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements – (continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)

Commercial Paper
The Company is authorized to issue unsecured commercial paper up to a maximum aggregate amount outstanding at any time of $1,500.0. Borrowings under the program are supported by the Credit Agreement described above. Proceeds of the commercial paper are used for working capital and general corporate purposes, including the repayment of maturing indebtedness and other short-term liquidity needs. The maturities of the commercial paper vary but may not exceed 397 days from the date of issue. As of March 31, 2019, there was $202.5 of commercial paper outstanding. The average amount outstanding under the program during the first quarter of 2019 was $154.7, with a weighted-average interest rate of 2.8% and a weighted-average maturity of thirteen days.

Note 5:  Acquisitions
Acxiom Acquisition
On October 1, 2018 (the "acquisition date"), the Company completed its acquisition of Acxiom (the "Acxiom Acquisition"). The purchase accounting process has not been completed primarily because the valuation of acquired assets has not been finalized. We expect to complete the purchase accounting as soon as practicable but no later than one year from the acquisition date. We do not believe there will be material adjustments.
Redeemable Noncontrolling Interests
Many of our acquisitions include provisions under which the noncontrolling equity owners may require us to purchase additional interests in a subsidiary at their discretion. Redeemable noncontrolling interests are adjusted quarterly to their estimated redemption value, but not less than their initial fair value. Any adjustments to the redemption value impact retained earnings or additional paid in capital, except for foreign currency translation adjustments.
The following table presents changes in our redeemable noncontrolling interests.
 
Three months ended
March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
Balance at beginning of period
$
167.9

 
$
252.1

Change in related noncontrolling interests balance
(2.8
)
 
(2.8
)
Changes in redemption value of redeemable noncontrolling interests:
 
 
 
Redemptions
(3.1
)
 
(1.9
)
Redemption value adjustments
(0.2
)
 
(0.5
)
Balance at end of period
$
161.8

 
$
246.9



13

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements – (continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)

Note 6: Loss Per Share
The following sets forth basic and diluted loss per common share available to IPG common stockholders.
 
Three months ended
March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
Net loss available to IPG common stockholders
$
(8.0
)
 
$
(14.1
)
 
 
 
 
Weighted-average number of common shares outstanding - basic
384.5

 
383.4

       Dilutive effect of stock options and restricted shares
N/A

 
N/A

Weighted-average number of common shares outstanding - diluted
384.5

 
383.4

 
 
 
 
Loss per share available to IPG common stockholders:
 
 
 
       Basic
$
(0.02
)
 
$
(0.04
)
       Diluted
$
(0.02
)
 
$
(0.04
)
Shares outstanding and loss per share are equal on a basic and diluted basis for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 because our potentially dilutive securities are antidilutive as a result of the net loss available to IPG common stockholders. Potential shares of restricted stock and stock options totaling 4.4 and 5.2 were excluded from the diluted loss per share calculation for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

Note 7:  Supplementary Data
Accrued Liabilities
The following table presents the components of accrued liabilities.
 
March 31,
2019
 
December 31,
2018
Salaries, benefits and related expenses
$
346.2

 
$
494.9

Acquisition obligations
77.2

 
65.7

Interest
62.1

 
43.6

Office and related expenses
28.9

 
52.2

Restructuring charges
11.1

 
0.0

Other
138.1

 
150.5

Total accrued liabilities
$
663.6

 
$
806.9


Other Expense, Net
Results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 include certain items that are not directly associated with our revenue-producing operations.
 
Three months ended
March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
Net losses on sales of businesses
$
(8.6
)
 
$
(24.4
)
Other
1.7

 
0.0

Total other expense, net
$
(6.9
)
 
$
(24.4
)
Net losses on sales of businesses – During the three months ended March 31, 2019, the amounts recognized were related to sales of businesses and the classification of certain assets and liabilities, consisting primarily of accounts receivable, as held for sale within our IAN reportable segment. During the three months ended March 31, 2018, the amounts recognized were related to sales of businesses and the classification of certain assets and liabilities, consisting primarily of cash, as held for sale within our IAN reportable segment. The businesses held for sale primarily represent unprofitable, non-strategic agencies which are expected to be sold within the next twelve months.

14

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements – (continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)


Share Repurchase Program
On July 2, 2018, in connection with the announcement of the Acxiom Acquisition, we announced that share repurchases will be suspended for a period of time in order to reduce the increased debt levels incurred in conjunction with the acquisition. As of March 31, 2019, $338.4, excluding fees, remains available for repurchase under the share repurchase programs authorized in previous years, which have no expiration date.

Note 8:  Income Taxes
For the three months ended March 31, 2019, our effective income tax rate was driven by losses in certain foreign jurisdictions where we receive no tax benefit due to 100% valuation allowances and net losses on sales of businesses, and the classification of certain assets as held for sale, for which we did not receive a tax benefit, partially offset by excess tax benefits on employee share-based payments, the majority of which is typically in the first quarter due to the timing of the vesting of awards.
We have various tax years under examination by tax authorities in various countries, and in various states, such as New York, in which we have significant business operations. It is not yet known whether these examinations will, in the aggregate, result in our paying additional taxes. We believe our tax reserves are adequate in relation to the potential for additional assessments in each of the jurisdictions in which we are subject to taxation. We regularly assess the likelihood of additional tax assessments in those jurisdictions and, if necessary, adjust our reserves as additional information or events require.
With respect to all tax years open to examination by U.S. federal, various state and local, and non-U.S. tax authorities, we currently anticipate that total unrecognized tax benefits will decrease by an amount between $20.0 and $30.0 in the next twelve months, a portion of which will affect our effective income tax rate, primarily as a result of the settlement of tax examinations and the lapsing of statutes of limitations.
We are effectively settled with respect to U.S. federal income tax audits through 2012, with the exception of 2009. With limited exceptions, we are no longer subject to state and local income tax audits for years prior to 2007 or non-U.S. income tax audits for years prior to 2009.

Note 9:  Restructuring Charges
In the first quarter of 2019, the Company implemented a cost initiative (the "2019 Plan") to better align our cost structure with our revenue primarily related to specific client losses occurring in 2018, the components of which are listed below.
 
Three months ended
March 31, 2019
Severance and termination costs
$
19.9

Lease impairment costs
11.9

Total restructuring charges
$
31.8

Net restructuring charges was comprised of $25.6 at IAN and $5.6 at CMG. All restructuring actions were identified and initiated by the end of the first quarter of 2019, with all actions expected to be substantially completed by the end of the second quarter of 2019.
Severance and termination costs relate to a planned reduction in workforce of 575 employees. The employee groups affected include: executive, regional and account management as well as administrative, creative and media production personnel. Cash payments of $8.8 were made during the quarter, with the remaining liability of $11.1 expected to be paid by the end of the second quarter of 2019.
Lease impairment costs relate to the office spaces that were vacated as part of the 2019 Plan, which includes impairment on the right-of-use asset of operating leases, furniture, and leasehold improvements. Given the remaining lease terms involved, the lease obligation will be paid out over a period of several years, net of sublease income.

Note 10:  Incentive Compensation Plans
We issue stock-based compensation and cash awards to our employees under a plan established by the Compensation and Leadership Talent Committee of the Board of Directors (the "Compensation Committee") and approved by our shareholders. We issued the following stock-based awards under the 2014 Performance Incentive Plan (the "2014 PIP") during the three months ended March 31, 2019.

15

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements – (continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)

 
Awards
 
Weighted-average
grant-date fair value
(per award)
Restricted stock (shares or units)
1.9

 
$
22.88

Performance-based stock (shares)
2.0

 
$
20.17

Total stock-based compensation awards
3.9

 


During the three months ended March 31, 2019, the Compensation Committee granted performance cash awards under the 2014 PIP and restricted cash awards under the 2009 Restricted Cash Plan with a total annual target value of $40.0 and $16.3, respectively. Cash awards are expensed over the vesting period, which is typically three years.

Note 11:  Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss, Net of Tax
The following tables present the changes in accumulated other comprehensive loss, net of tax, by component.
 
Foreign Currency
Translation Adjustments
 
Derivative
Instruments
 
Defined Benefit Pension and Other Postretirement Plans
 
Total
Balance as of December 31, 2018
$
(716.4
)
 
$
(5.3
)
 
$
(219.4
)
 
$
(941.1
)
Other comprehensive income before reclassifications
8.4

 
0.0

 
0.0

 
8.4

Amount reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss, net of tax
1.2

 
0.5

 
1.3

 
3.0

Balance as of March 31, 2019
$
(706.8
)
 
$
(4.8
)
 
$
(218.1
)
 
$
(929.7
)
 
Foreign Currency
Translation Adjustments
 
Derivative
Instruments
 
Defined Benefit Pension and Other Postretirement Plans
 
Total
Balance as of December 31, 2017
$
(585.3
)
 
$
(6.8
)
 
$
(235.7
)
 
$
(827.8
)
Other comprehensive income before reclassifications
22.1

 
0.0

 
0.4

 
22.5

Amount reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss, net of tax
12.5

 
0.3

 
1.7

 
14.5

Balance as of March 31, 2018
$
(550.7
)
 
$
(6.5
)
 
$
(233.6
)
 
$
(790.8
)
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss, net of tax, for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 are as follows:
 
Three months ended
March 31,
 
Affected Line Item in the Consolidated Statements of Operations
 
2019
 
2018
 
Foreign currency translation adjustments
$
1.2

 
$
12.5

 
Other expense, net
Losses on derivative instruments
0.6

 
0.5

 
Interest expense
Amortization of defined benefit pension and postretirement plan items
1.7

 
2.1

 
Other expense, net
Tax effect
(0.5
)
 
(0.6
)
 
Provision for income taxes
Total amount reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss, net of tax
$
3.0

 
$
14.5

 
 
 
Note 12:  Employee Benefits
We have a defined benefit pension plan that covers certain U.S. employees (the “Domestic Pension Plan”). We also have numerous funded and unfunded plans outside the U.S. The Interpublic Limited Pension Plan in the U.K. is a defined benefit plan and is our most material foreign pension plan in terms of the benefit obligation and plan assets. Some of our domestic and foreign subsidiaries provide postretirement health benefits and life insurance to eligible employees and, in certain cases, their dependents.

16

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements – (continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)

The domestic postretirement benefit plan is our most material postretirement benefit plan in terms of the benefit obligation. Certain immaterial foreign pension and postretirement benefit plans have been excluded from the table below.
The components of net periodic cost for the Domestic Pension Plan, the significant foreign pension plans and the domestic postretirement benefit plan are listed below.
 
Domestic Pension Plan
 
Foreign Pension Plans
 
Domestic Postretirement Benefit Plan
Three months ended March 31,
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
Service cost
$
0.0

 
$
0.0

 
$
1.2

 
$
1.1

 
$
0.0

 
$
0.0

Interest cost
1.2

 
1.1

 
3.2

 
3.4

 
0.3

 
0.3

Expected return on plan assets
(1.5
)
 
(1.8
)
 
(4.4
)
 
(4.9
)
 
0.0

 
0.0

Settlements and curtailments
0.0

 
0.0

 
0.0

 
0.2

 
0.0

 
0.0

Amortization of:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unrecognized actuarial losses
0.5

 
0.4

 
1.2

 
1.5

 
0.0

 
0.0

Net periodic cost
$
0.2

 
$
(0.3
)
 
$
1.2

 
$
1.3

 
$
0.3

 
$
0.3

The components of net periodic cost other than the service cost component are included in the line item “Other expense, net” in the Consolidated Statements of Operations.
During the three months ended March 31, 2019, we contributed $0.5 and $4.1 of cash to our domestic and foreign pension plans, respectively. For the remainder of 2019, we expect to contribute approximately $2.0 and $13.0 of cash to our domestic and foreign pension plans, respectively.


17

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements – (continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)

Note 13:  Segment Information
As of March 31, 2019, we have two reportable segments: IAN and CMG. IAN is comprised of McCann Worldgroup, Foote, Cone & Belding ("FCB"), MullenLowe Group, IPG Mediabrands, Acxiom, our digital specialist agencies and our domestic integrated agencies. CMG is comprised of a number of our specialist marketing services offerings. We also report results for the “Corporate and other” group. Beginning in the first quarter of 2019, Acxiom's results are presented in IAN although we continue to evaluate our financial reporting structure, and the profitability measure employed by our chief operating decision maker for allocating resources to operating divisions and assessing operating division performance is segment EBITA. Summarized financial information concerning our reportable segments is shown in the following table.
 
Three months ended
March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
Total revenue:
 
 
 
IAN
$
1,872.2

 
$
1,685.5

CMG
489.0

 
483.6

Total
$
2,361.2

 
$
2,169.1

 
 
 
 
Net revenue:
 
 
 
IAN
$
1,711.2

 
$
1,481.3

CMG
293.6

 
292.7

Total
$
2,004.8

 
$
1,774.0

 
 
 
 
Segment EBITA:
 
 
 
IAN
$
114.5

 
$
61.0

CMG
1.9

 
20.7

Corporate and other
(44.6
)
 
(37.6
)
Total
$
71.8

 
$
44.1

 
 
 
 
Amortization of acquired intangibles:
 
 
 
IAN
$
20.5

 
$
4.1

CMG
1.1

 
1.2

Corporate and other
0.0

 
0.0

Total
$
21.6

 
$
5.3

 
 
 
 
Depreciation:
 
 
 
IAN
$
42.3

 
$
33.3

CMG
4.6

 
4.9

Corporate and other
2.6

 
2.5

Total
$
49.5

 
$
40.7

 
 
 
 
Capital expenditures:
 
 
 
IAN
$
26.5

 
$
15.8

CMG
1.0

 
1.1

Corporate and other
5.3

 
5.9

Total
$
32.8

 
$
22.8

 




18

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements – (continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)

 
March 31,
2019
 
December 31,
2018
Total assets 1:
 
 
 
IAN
$
13,888.1

 
$
13,867.9

CMG
1,660.5

 
1,516.7

Corporate and other
501.4

 
235.7

Total
$
16,050.0

 
$
15,620.3

 
1 Results for December 31, 2018 have been restated to conform to the current-period presentation.
The following table presents the reconciliation of segment EBITA to Income (loss) before income taxes.
 
Three months ended
March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
 
 
 
 
IAN EBITA
$
114.5

 
$
61.0

CMG EBITA
1.9

 
20.7

Corporate and other EBITA
(44.6
)
 
(37.6
)
Consolidated amortization of acquired intangibles
(21.6
)
 
(5.3
)
Operating income
50.2

 
38.8

Total (expenses) and other income
(48.9
)
 
(40.3
)
Income (loss) before income taxes
$
1.3

 
$
(1.5
)


19

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements – (continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)

Note 14:  Fair Value Measurements
Authoritative guidance for fair value measurements establishes a fair value hierarchy which requires us to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value. There are three levels of inputs that may be used to measure fair value:
Level 1
 
Unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities. An active market for the asset or liability is a market in which transactions for the asset or liability occur with sufficient frequency and volume to provide pricing information on an ongoing basis.
 
 
Level 2
 
Observable inputs other than Level 1 prices, such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities; quoted prices in markets that are not active; or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities.
 
 
 
Level 3
 
Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities.
Financial Instruments that are Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis
We primarily apply the market approach to determine the fair value of financial instruments that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis. There were no changes to our valuation techniques used to determine the fair value of financial instruments during the three months ended March 31, 2019. The following tables present information about our financial instruments measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, and indicate the fair value hierarchy of the valuation techniques utilized to determine such fair value.
 
March 31, 2019
 
Balance Sheet Classification
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
 
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash equivalents
$
163.0

 
$
0.0

 
$
0.0

 
$
163.0

 
Cash and cash equivalents
Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Contingent acquisition obligations 1
$
0.0

 
$
0.0

 
$
160.2

 
$
160.2

 
Accrued liabilities and Other non-current liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
December 31, 2018
 
Balance Sheet Classification
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
 
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash equivalents
$
132.1

 
$
0.0

 
$
0.0

 
$
132.1

 
Cash and cash equivalents
Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Contingent acquisition obligations 1
$
0.0

 
$
0.0

 
$
148.4

 
$
148.4

 
Accrued liabilities and Other non-current liabilities
 
1
Contingent acquisition obligations includes deferred acquisition payments and unconditional obligations to purchase additional noncontrolling equity shares of consolidated subsidiaries. Fair value measurement of the obligations is based upon actual and projected operating performance targets as specified in the related agreements. The increase in this balance of $11.8 from December 31, 2018 to March 31, 2019 is primarily due to valuation adjustments and accretion. The amounts payable within the next twelve months are classified in accrued liabilities; any amounts payable thereafter are classified in other non-current liabilities.
Financial Instruments that are not Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis
The following table presents information about our financial instruments that are not measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, and indicates the fair value hierarchy of the valuation techniques utilized to determine such fair value.
 
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
Total long-term debt
$
0.0

 
$
3,717.0

 
$
40.3

 
$
3,757.3

 
$
0.0

 
$
3,605.6

 
$
38.0

 
$
3,643.6

Our long-term debt is comprised of senior notes, a term loan and other notes payable. The fair value of our senior notes, which are traded over-the-counter, is based on quoted prices in markets that are not active. Therefore, these senior notes are classified as Level 2 within the fair value hierarchy. Our term loan is a fixed price commitment that cannot be traded on the open market, and

20

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements – (continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)

therefore is classified as Level 2 within the fair value hierarchy. Our other notes payable are not actively traded, and their fair value is not solely derived from readily observable inputs. The fair value of our other notes payable is determined based on a discounted cash flow model and other proprietary valuation methods, and therefore is classified as Level 3 within the fair value hierarchy. See Note 4 for further information on our long-term debt.
Non-financial Assets and Liabilities that are Measured at Fair Value on a Nonrecurring Basis
Certain non-financial assets and liabilities are measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis, primarily goodwill, intangible assets, and property and equipment. Accordingly, these assets are not measured and adjusted to fair value on an ongoing basis but are subject to periodic evaluations for potential impairment.

Note 15:  Commitments and Contingencies
Legal Matters
We are involved in various legal proceedings, and subject to investigations, inspections, audits, inquiries and similar actions by governmental authorities, arising in the normal course of business. The types of allegations that arise in connection with such legal proceedings may vary in nature, but can include claims related to contract, employment, tax and intellectual property matters. We evaluate all cases each reporting period and record liabilities for losses from legal proceedings when we determine that it is probable that the outcome in a legal proceeding will be unfavorable and the amount, or potential range, of loss can be reasonably estimated. In certain cases, we cannot reasonably estimate the potential loss because, for example, the litigation is in its early stages. While any outcome related to litigation or such governmental proceedings in which we are involved cannot be predicted with certainty, management believes that the outcome of these matters, individually and in the aggregate, will not have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.
Guarantees
As discussed in our 2018 Annual Report on Form 10-K, we have guaranteed certain obligations of our subsidiaries relating principally to operating leases, uncommitted lines of credit and cash pooling arrangements. As of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, the amount of parent company guarantees on lease obligations was $789.9 and $824.5, respectively, the amount of parent company guarantees relating to uncommitted lines of credit was $297.4 and $349.1, respectively, and the amount of parent company guarantees related to daylight overdrafts, primarily utilized to manage intra-day overdrafts due to timing of transactions under cash pooling arrangements without resulting in incremental borrowings, was $209.1 and $207.8, respectively.

Note 16:  Recent Accounting Standards
Accounting pronouncements not listed below were assessed and determined to be not applicable or are expected to have minimal impact on our Consolidated Financial Statements.
Leases
In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued amended guidance on lease accounting. We adopted the standard using the modified retrospective approach with an effective date of January 1, 2019. Prior-year financial statements were not recast under the new standard. The adoption resulted in the presentation of a right-of-use asset and lease liability on our Consolidated Balance Sheet and corresponding impacts on our Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows, but did not have a significant impact on our Consolidated Statements of Operations. See Note 3 for further discussion on our adoption of the new leases standard.
Financial Instrument Credit Losses
In June 2016, the FASB issued amended guidance on the accounting for credit losses on certain types of financial instruments, including trade receivables. The new model uses a forward-looking expected loss method, as opposed to the incurred loss method in current U.S. GAAP, which will generally result in earlier recognition of allowances for losses. This amended guidance is effective beginning January 1, 2020, with early adoption permitted as early as January 1, 2019. We are currently assessing the impact the adoption of the amended guidance will have on our Consolidated Financial Statements.


21


Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)

Item 2.
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
The following Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations ("MD&A") is intended to help you understand The Interpublic Group of Companies, Inc. and its subsidiaries (the "Company," "IPG," "we," "us" or "our"). MD&A should be read in conjunction with our unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements and the accompanying notes included in this report and our 2018 Annual Report on Form 10-K, as well as our other reports and filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC"). Our Annual Report includes additional information about our significant accounting policies and practices as well as details about the most significant risks and uncertainties associated with our financial and operating results. Our MD&A includes the following sections:
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY provides a discussion about our strategic outlook, factors influencing our business and an overview of our results of operations.
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS provides an analysis of the consolidated and segment results of operations for the periods presented.
LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES provides an overview of our cash flows, funding requirements, financing and sources of funds, and debt credit ratings.
CRITICAL ACCOUNTING ESTIMATES provides an update to the discussion in our 2018 Annual Report on Form 10-K of our accounting policies that require critical judgment, assumptions and estimates.
RECENT ACCOUNTING STANDARDS, by reference to Note 16 to the unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements, provides a discussion of certain accounting standards that have been recently adopted or that have not yet been required to be implemented and may be applicable to our future operations.
NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURE, provides a reconciliation of non-GAAP financial measure with the most directly comparable generally accepted accounting principles in the United States ("U.S. GAAP") financial measures and sets forth the reasons we believe that presentation of the non-GAAP financial measure contained therein provides useful information to investors regarding our results of operations and financial condition.

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
We are one of the world’s premier global advertising and marketing services companies. Our companies specialize in consumer advertising, digital marketing, media planning and buying, public relations and specialized communications disciplines. Our agencies create customized marketing programs for clients that range in scale from large global marketers to regional and local clients. Comprehensive global services are critical to effectively serve our multinational and local clients in markets throughout the world as they seek to build brands, increase sales of their products and services, and gain market share.
We operate in a media landscape that continues to evolve at a rapid pace. Media channels continue to fragment, and clients face an increasingly complex consumer environment. To stay ahead of these challenges and to achieve our objectives, we have made and continue to make investments in creative and strategic talent in areas including fast-growth digital marketing channels, high-growth geographic regions and strategic world markets. We consistently review opportunities within our Company to enhance our operations through acquisitions and strategic alliances and internal programs that encourage intra-company collaboration. As appropriate, we also develop relationships with technology and emerging media companies that are building leading-edge marketing tools that complement our agencies' skill sets and capabilities.
Our financial goals include competitive organic net revenue growth and expansion of EBITA margin, as defined and discussed within the Non-GAAP Financial Measure section of this MD&A, which we expect will further strengthen our balance sheet and total liquidity and increase value to our shareholders. Accordingly, we remain focused on meeting the evolving needs of our clients while concurrently managing our cost structure. We continually seek greater efficiency in the delivery of our services, focusing on more effective resource utilization, including the productivity of our employees, real estate, information technology and shared services, such as finance, human resources and legal. The improvements we have made and continue to make in our financial reporting and business information systems in recent years allow us more timely and actionable insights from our global operations. Our disciplined approach to our balance sheet and liquidity provides us with a solid financial foundation and financial flexibility to manage and grow our business. We believe that our strategy and execution position us to meet our financial goals and to deliver long-term shareholder value.
When we analyze period-to-period changes in our operating performance, we determine the portion of the change that is attributable to changes in foreign currency rates and the net effect of acquisitions and divestitures, and the remainder we call organic change, which indicates how our underlying business performed. We exclude the impact of billable expenses in analyzing our operating performance as the fluctuations from period to period are not indicative of the performance of our underlying

22


Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations - (continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)


businesses and have no impact on our EBITA, as defined and discussed within the Non-GAAP Financial Measure section of this MD&A, or net income.
The change in our operating performance attributable to changes in foreign currency rates is determined by converting the prior-period reported results using the current-period exchange rates and comparing these prior-period adjusted amounts to the prior-period reported results. Although the U.S. Dollar is our reporting currency, a substantial portion of our revenues and expenses are generated in foreign currencies. Therefore, our reported results are affected by fluctuations in the currencies in which we conduct our international businesses. Our exposure is mitigated as the majority of our revenues and expenses in any given market are generally denominated in the same currency. Both positive and negative currency fluctuations against the U.S. Dollar affect our consolidated results of operations, and the magnitude of the foreign currency impact to our operations related to each geographic region depends on the significance and operating performance of the region. The foreign currencies that most adversely impacted our results during the first quarter of 2019 were the British Pound Sterling and Euro.
For purposes of analyzing changes in our operating performance attributable to the net effect of acquisitions and divestitures, transactions are treated as if they occurred on the first day of the quarter during which the transaction occurred. During the past few years, we have acquired companies that we believe will enhance our offerings, including the acquisition of Acxiom (the "Acxiom Acquisition"), and disposed of businesses that are not consistent with our strategic plan.
The metrics that we use to evaluate our financial performance include organic change in net revenue as well as the change in certain operating expenses, and the components thereof, expressed as a percentage of consolidated net revenue, as well as EBITA. These metrics are also used by management to assess the financial performance of our operating segments, Integrated Agency Networks ("IAN") and Constituency Management Group ("CMG"). In certain of our discussions, we analyze net revenue by geographic region and by business sector, in which we focus on our top 100 clients, which typically constitute approximately 55% to 60% of our annual consolidated net revenues.


23


Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations - (continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)


The following table presents a summary of our financial performance for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018.
 
Three months ended
March 31,
 
 
Statement of Operations Data
2019
 
2018
 
% Increase/
(Decrease)
REVENUE:
 
 
 
 


Net revenue
$
2,004.8

 
$
1,774.0

 
13.0
 %
Billable expenses
356.4

 
395.1

 
(9.8
)%
Total revenue
$
2,361.2

 
$
2,169.1

 
8.9
 %
 
 
 
 
 
 
OPERATING INCOME
$
50.2

 
$
38.8

 
29.4
 %
 
 
 
 
 
 
EBITA 1
$
71.8

 
$
44.1

 
62.8
 %
 
 
 
 
 
 
NET LOSS AVAILABLE TO IPG COMMON STOCKHOLDERS
$
(8.0
)
 
$
(14.1
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Loss per share available to IPG common stockholders:
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
$
(0.02
)
 
$
(0.04
)
 
 
Diluted
$
(0.02
)
 
$
(0.04
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating Ratios
 
 
 
 
 
Organic change in net revenue
6.4
%
 
3.6
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating margin on net revenue
2.5
%
 
2.2
%
 
 
Operating margin on total revenue
2.1
%
 
1.8
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
EBITA margin on net revenue 1
3.6
%
 
2.5
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Expenses as a % of net revenue:
 
 
 
 
 
Salaries and related expenses
70.9
%
 
75.0
%
 
 
Office and other direct expenses
19.4
%
 
18.3
%
 
 
Selling, general and administrative expenses
2.1
%
 
2.0
%
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
3.5
%
 
2.6
%
 
 
Restructuring charges 2
1.6
%
 
0.0
%
 
 
 
1
EBITA is a financial measure that is not defined by U.S. GAAP. Refer to the Non-GAAP Financial Measure section of this MD&A for additional information and for a reconciliation to U.S. GAAP measures.
2
For the first quarter of 2019, results include restructuring charges of $31.8.
Our organic net revenue increase of 6.4% (which excludes results from Acxiom) for the first quarter of 2019 was driven by growth throughout all geographic regions, attributable to a combination of net client wins and net higher spending from existing clients, most notably in the healthcare, consumer goods and financial services sectors. During the first quarter of 2019, our EBITA margin grew to 3.6% from 2.5% in the prior-year period as the increase in net revenue outpaced the overall increase in our operating expense, excluding billable expenses and amortization of acquired intangibles. In the first quarter of 2019, our EBITA margin includes restructuring charges of 1.6% of net revenue.

24


Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations - (continued)
(Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)


RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Consolidated Results of Operations – Three Months Ended March 31, 2019 Compared to Three Months Ended March 31, 2018
Net Revenue
Our net revenue is directly impacted by the retention and spending levels of existing clients and by our ability to win new clients. Most of our expenses are recognized ratably throughout the year and are therefore less seasonal than revenue. Our net revenue is typically lowest in the first quarter and highest in the fourth quarter, reflecting the seasonal spending of our clients.
 
 
 
Components of Change
 
 
 
Change
 
Three months ended
March 31, 2018
Foreign
Currency
 
Net
Acquisitions/
(Divestitures)
 
Organic
 
Three months ended
March 31, 2019
Organic
 
Total
Consolidated
$
1,774.0

 
$
(49.4
)
 
$
165.8

 
$
114.4

 
$
2,004.8

 
6.4
%
 
13.0
 %
Domestic
1,092.3

 
0.0

 
160.0

 
61.8

 
1,314.1

 
5.7
%
 
20.3
 %
International
681.7

 
(49.4
)
 
5.8

 
52.6

 
690.7

 
7.7
%
 
1.3
 %
United Kingdom
163.5

 
(10.5
)
 
7.9