10-Q 1 ipi-20220331.htm 10-Q ipi-20220331
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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
_______________________________________________________
FORM 10-Q
_______________________________________________________
Quarterly Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
For the Quarterly Period Ended
March 31, 2022
or
Transition Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
For the transition period from ______ to ______
Commission File Number: 001-34025
ipi-20220331_g1.jpg
INTREPID POTASH, INC.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)
Delaware
26-1501877
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
707 17th Street, Suite 4200
Denver, Colorado80202
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip Code)
(303296-3006
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
1001 17th Street, Suite 1050, Denver, Colorado 80202
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act
Title of each classTrading symbolName of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $0.001 per shareIPINew York Stock Exchange

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☒ No ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files.) Yes ☒No☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company," and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
Accelerated filer ☒
Non-accelerated filer
Smaller reporting companyEmerging growth company 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).YesNo

As of April 25, 2022, the registrant had outstanding 13,618,666 shares of common stock, par value $0.001 per share.


INTREPID POTASH, INC.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION    
ITEM 1. Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)


i

PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1. CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
INTREPID POTASH, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands, except share and per share amounts)
March 31,December 31,
20222021
ASSETS
Cash and cash equivalents$60,139 $36,452 
Accounts receivable:
Trade, net51,608 35,409 
Other receivables, net1,372 989 
Inventory, net79,297 78,856 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets5,278 5,144 
Total current assets197,694 156,850 
Property, plant, equipment, and mineral properties, net338,750 341,117 
Water rights19,184 19,184 
Long-term parts inventory, net27,963 29,251 
Other assets, net12,149 11,418 
Non-current deferred tax asset, net200,075 209,075 
Total Assets$795,815 $766,895 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
Accounts payable$8,904 $9,068 
Income taxes payable168 41 
Accrued liabilities21,534 22,938 
Accrued employee compensation and benefits6,823 6,805 
Other current liabilities34,374 34,571 
Total current liabilities71,803 73,423 
Asset retirement obligation27,514 27,024 
Operating lease liabilities1,957 1,879 
Other non-current liabilities1,273 1,166 
Total Liabilities102,547 103,492 
Commitments and Contingencies
Common stock, 0.001 par value; 40,000,000 shares authorized;
13,218,875 and 13,149,315 shares outstanding
at March 31, 2022, and December 31, 2021, respectively13 13 
Additional paid-in capital657,590 659,147 
Retained earnings 35,665 4,243 
Total Stockholders' Equity693,268 663,403 
Total Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity$795,815 $766,895 
See accompanying notes to these condensed consolidated financial statements.
1

INTREPID POTASH, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(In thousands, except per share amounts)
Three Months Ended March 31,
20222021
Sales$104,399 $71,463 
Less:
Freight costs10,237 12,078 
Warehousing and handling costs2,476 2,632 
Cost of goods sold44,510 47,645 
Gross Margin 47,176 9,108 
Selling and administrative6,789 5,791 
Accretion of asset retirement obligation490 441 
Loss on sale of assets100 2 
Other operating (income) expense(267)6 
Operating Income40,064 2,868 
Other Income (Expense)
Interest expense, net(33)(426)
Other income530 9 
Income Before Income Taxes40,561 2,451 
Income Tax Expense(9,139) 
Net Income$31,422 $2,451 
Weighted Average Shares Outstanding:
Basic13,160 13,054 
Diluted13,595 13,297 
Earnings Per Share:
Basic$2.39 $0.19 
Diluted$2.31 $0.18 
See accompanying notes to these condensed consolidated financial statements.
2

INTREPID POTASH, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
(In thousands, except share amounts)
Three-Month Period Ended March 31, 2022
Common StockAdditional Paid-in CapitalRetained EarningsTotal Stockholders' Equity
SharesAmount
Balance, December 31, 202113,149,315 $13 $659,147 $4,243 $663,403 
Net income— — — 31,422 31,422 
Stock-based compensation— — 1,167 — 1,167 
Exercise of stock options8,727 — 90 — 90 
Vesting of restricted common stock, net of common stock used to fund employee income tax withholding due upon vesting60,833 — (2,814)— (2,814)
Balance, March 31, 202213,218,875 $13 $657,590 $35,665 $693,268 
Three-Month Period Ended March 31, 2021
Common StockAdditional Paid-in CapitalAccumulated DeficitTotal Stockholders' Equity
SharesAmount
Balance, December 31, 202013,049,820 $13 $656,837 $(245,591)$411,259 
Net income— — — 2,451 2,451 
Stock-based compensation— — 890 — 890 
Exercise of stock options4,188 — 43 — 43 
Vesting of restricted common stock, net of common stock used to fund employee income tax withholding due upon vesting11,646 — (204)— (204)
Balance, March 31, 202113,065,654 $13 $657,566 $(243,140)$414,439 
See accompanying notes to these condensed consolidated financial statements.

3

INTREPID POTASH, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In thousands)
Three Months Ended March 31,
20222021
Cash Flows from Operating Activities:
Net income $31,422 $2,451 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation, depletion and amortization8,898 9,481 
Accretion of asset retirement obligation490 441 
Amortization of deferred financing costs60 68 
Amortization of intangible assets80 80 
Stock-based compensation1,167 890 
Loss on disposal of assets100 2 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Trade accounts receivable, net(16,199)(14,103)
Other receivables, net(384)(720)
Inventory, net847 9,293 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets(76)358 
Deferred tax assets, net9,000  
Accounts payable, accrued liabilities, and accrued employee
     compensation and benefits
(862)7,978 
Operating lease liabilities(795)(525)
Other liabilities362 3,415 
Net cash provided by operating activities34,110 19,109 
Cash Flows from Investing Activities:
Additions to property, plant, equipment, mineral properties and other assets(6,795)(2,360)
Long-term investment(903) 
Proceeds from sale of assets24 47 
Net cash used in investing activities(7,674)(2,313)
Cash Flows from Financing Activities:
Debt prepayment costs (2)
Repayments of long-term debt (22)
Payments of financing lease (107)
Employee tax withholding paid for restricted stock upon vesting(2,814)(204)
Proceeds from exercise of stock options90 43 
Net cash used in financing activities(2,724)(292)
Net Change in Cash, Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash23,712 16,504 
Cash, Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash, beginning of period37,146 20,184 
Cash, Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash, end of period$60,858 $36,688 
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information
Net cash paid during the period for:
Interest$22 $167 
Income taxes$13 $8 
Amounts included in the measurement of operating lease liabilities$542 $583 
Accrued purchases for property, plant, equipment, and mineral properties$1,505 $622 
Right-of-use assets exchanged for operating lease liabilities$546 $340 
See accompanying notes to these condensed consolidated financial statements.
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INTREPID POTASH, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

Note 1COMPANY BACKGROUND
We are a diversified mineral company that delivers potassium, magnesium, sulfur, salt, and water products essential for customer success in agriculture, animal feed and the oil and gas industry. We are the only U.S. producer of muriate of potash (sometimes referred to as potassium chloride or potash), which is applied as an essential nutrient for healthy crop development, utilized in several industrial applications, and used as an ingredient in animal feed. In addition, we produce a specialty fertilizer, Trio®, which delivers three key nutrients, potassium, magnesium, and sulfate, in a single particle. We also provide water, magnesium chloride, brine and various oilfield products and services.
Our extraction and production operations are conducted entirely in the continental United States. We produce potash from three solution mining facilities: our HB solution mine in Carlsbad, New Mexico, our solution mine in Moab, Utah, and our brine recovery mine in Wendover, Utah. We also operate the North compaction facility in Carlsbad, New Mexico, which compacts and granulates product from the HB mine. We produce Trio® from our conventional underground East mine in Carlsbad, New Mexico.
    We have permitted, licensed, declared and partially adjudicated water rights in New Mexico that support our mining and industrial operations. Water that is not used to support our mining and industrial operations is primarily sold to support oil and gas development in the Permian Basin in New Mexico near our Carlsbad facilities. We continue to work to expand our water. In May 2019, we acquired certain land, water rights, state grazing leases for cattle, and other related assets from Dinwiddie Cattle Company. We refer to these assets and operations as "Intrepid South." Due to the strategic location of Intrepid South, part of our long-term operating strategy is selling small parcels of land, including restricted use agreements of surface or subsurface rights, to customers, where such sales provide a solution to such customer's operations in the oil and gas industry. See Note 14—Commitments and Contingencies below for further information regarding our water rights.
We have three segments: potash, Trio®, and oilfield solutions. We account for sales of byproducts as revenue in the potash or Trio® segment based on which segment generates the byproduct. Intersegment sales prices are market based and are eliminated.
"Intrepid," "our," "we," or "us," means Intrepid Potash, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries.

Note 2SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Financial Statement PresentationOur unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission. Certain information and note disclosures normally included in annual financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP") have been condensed or omitted pursuant to those rules and regulations. In the opinion of management, all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring accruals considered necessary for a fair presentation of interim financial information, have been included. These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021.
Recently Adopted Accounting StandardsIn December 2019, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") 2019-12, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes, which simplifies the accounting for income taxes by removing certain exceptions to the general principles in Topic 740 and amending existing guidance to improve consistent application. Most amendments within this standard were required to be applied on a prospective basis, while certain amendments must be applied on a retrospective or modified retrospective basis. We adopted this standard on January 1, 2021. The effect of the adoption of this standard was immaterial on our condensed consolidated financial statements.
Pronouncements Issued But Not Yet Adopted—In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU No. 2020-04, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848): Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting ("ASU 2020-04"), which provides optional exceptions to GAAP for certain transactions related to the transition away from The London Interbank Offered Rate ("LIBOR"). The amended guidance is designed to provide relief from the accounting analysis and impacts that may otherwise be required for modifications to agreements necessitated by the reference rate reform. Application of the guidance in ASU 2020-04 is optional, is only available in certain situations, and is only available for companies to apply until December 31, 2022. We are currently evaluating the impacts of reference rate reform and the guidance in ASU 2020-04 on our consolidated financial statements.
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Note 3EARNINGS PER SHARE
Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing net income by the weighted-average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period. For purposes of determining diluted earnings per share, basic weighted-average common shares outstanding is adjusted to include potentially dilutive securities, including restricted stock, stock options, and performance units. The treasury-stock method is used to measure the dilutive impact of potentially dilutive shares. Potentially dilutive shares are excluded from the diluted weighted-average shares outstanding computation in periods in which they have an anti-dilutive effect. The following table shows the calculation of basic and diluted earnings per share (in thousands, except per share amounts):
Three Months Ended
March 31,
20222021
Net income $31,422 $2,451 
Basic weighted-average common shares outstanding13,160 13,054 
Add: Dilutive effect of restricted stock320 177 
Add: Dilutive effect of stock options115 66 
Diluted weighted-average common shares outstanding13,595 13,297 
Basic$2.39 $0.19 
Diluted$2.31 $0.18 
The following table shows the shares that have an anti-dilutive effect and are excluded from the diluted weighted-average shares outstanding computations (in thousands):
Three Months Ended
March 31,
20222021
Anti-dilutive effect of restricted stock125 64 
Anti-dilutive effect of stock options outstanding— 158 
    
Note 4CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS AND RESTRICTED CASH
    Total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, as shown on the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows are included in the following accounts at March 31, 2022, and 2021 (in thousands):
March 31, 2022March 31, 2021
Cash and cash equivalents$60,139 $35,995 
Restricted cash included in other current assets175 175 
Restricted cash included in other long-term assets544 518 
Total cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash as shown in the statement of cash flows$60,858 $36,688 
    Restricted cash included in other current and long-term assets on the condensed consolidated balance sheets represents amounts whose use is restricted by contractual agreements with various entities, principally the Bureau of Land Management or the State of Utah, as security to fund future reclamation obligations at our sites.

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Note 5INVENTORY AND LONG-TERM PARTS INVENTORY
    The following summarizes our inventory, recorded at the lower of weighted-average cost or estimated net realizable value, as of March 31, 2022, and December 31, 2021 (in thousands):
March 31, 2022December 31, 2021
Finished goods product inventory$49,027 $42,492 
In-process inventory18,505 27,211 
Total product inventory67,532 69,703 
Current parts inventory, net11,765 9,153 
Total current inventory, net79,297 78,856 
Long-term parts inventory, net27,963 29,251 
Total inventory, net$107,260 $108,107 
Parts inventory is shown net of estimated allowances for obsolescence of $2.2 million as of March 31, 2022, and $3.2 million as of December 31, 2021.

Note 6PROPERTY, PLANT, EQUIPMENT, AND MINERAL PROPERTIES
    Property, plant, equipment, and mineral properties were comprised of the following (in thousands):
March 31, 2022December 31, 2021
Land$24,136 $24,136 
Ponds and land improvements69,458 69,261 
Mineral properties and development costs144,255 144,255 
Buildings and plant84,710 84,268 
Machinery and equipment274,863 272,323 
Vehicles6,979 6,855 
Office equipment and improvements9,961 8,956 
Operating lease ROU assets6,515 7,763 
Breeding stock305 308 
Construction in progress12,923 11,469 
Total property, plant, equipment, and mineral properties, gross$634,105 $629,594 
Less: accumulated depreciation, depletion, and amortization(295,355)(288,477)
Total property, plant, equipment, and mineral properties, net$338,750 $341,117 

In May 2021, we sold approximately 330 acres of land we owned in Texas for $6.0 million and recorded a gain of $2.8 million.
    We incurred the following expenses for depreciation, depletion, and amortization, including expenses capitalized into inventory, for the following periods (in thousands):
Three Months Ended March 31,
20222021
Depreciation$7,188 $7,495 
Depletion1,144 1,475 
Amortization of right of use assets566 511 
Total incurred$8,898 $9,481 
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Note 7DEBT
    Credit Facility—We maintain a revolving credit facility with Bank of Montreal. As of March 31, 2022, borrowings under the credit facility bear interest at LIBOR (London Interbank Offered Rate) plus an applicable margin of 1.25% to 2.00% per annum, based on our leverage ratio as calculated in accordance with the agreement governing the credit facility. We have granted to Bank of Montreal a first lien on substantially all of our current and non-current assets. The obligations under the credit facility are unconditionally guaranteed by several of our subsidiaries.
    We occasionally borrow and repay amounts under the facility for near-term working capital needs or other purposes and may do so in the future. During the three months ended March 31, 2022, and March 31, 2021, we made no borrowings and we made no repayments under the facility. As of March 31, 2022, we had no borrowings outstanding and $1 million in outstanding letters of credit under the facility.
As of March 31, 2022, we were in compliance with all applicable covenants under the revolving credit facility.    
    PPP Loan—In April 2020, we received a $10 million loan under the Paycheck Protection Program (the "PPP") under the CARES Act. We submitted our application for forgiveness of the full amount of the loan in November 2020. In June 2021, we received notice that the Small Business Administration had remitted funds to our bank to fully repay our PPP loan and accrued interest. Accordingly, we recognized a gain of $10.1 million related to the forgiveness of the PPP loan and the associated accrued interest on the loan.
Senior Notes—In June 2021 we repaid the remaining $15.0 million of principal outstanding on our Series B Senior Notes due April 14, 2023 (the "Series B Senior Notes") and satisfied all obligations under the Amended and Restated Note Purchase Agreement, dated as of October 31, 2016, by and among the Company and each of the purchasers named therein (as amended, the "Note Purchase Agreement"). As a result of the repayment, the Note Purchase Agreement was terminated.
    Interest Expense—Interest expense is recorded net of any capitalized interest associated with investments in capital projects. We incurred gross interest expense of $0.1 million and $0.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022, and March 31, 2021, respectively.
    Amounts included in interest expense, net for the three months ended March 31, 2022, and 2021, were as follows (in thousands):
Three Months Ended
March 31,
20222021
Interest on debt borrowings$21 $365 
Make-whole payments 2 
Amortization of deferred financing costs60 68 
Gross interest expense81 435 
Less capitalized interest(48)(9)
Interest expense, net$33 $426 
    
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Note 8INTANGIBLE ASSETS
    We have water rights, recorded at $19.2 million at March 31, 2022, and December 31, 2021. Our water rights have indefinite lives and are not amortized. We evaluate our water rights at least annually on October 1 for impairment, or more frequently if circumstances require.
    We account for other intangible assets as finite-lived intangible assets and amortize those intangible assets over the period of estimated benefit, using the straight-line method. The weighted average amortization period for the other intangible assets is approximately 17 years. At March 31, 2022, and December 31, 2021, these intangible assets had a net book value of $5.5 million and $5.6 million, respectively, and are included in "Other assets, net" on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
    
Note 9FINANCIAL INFORMATION FOR SUBSIDIARY GUARANTORS OF POSSIBLE FUTURE
PUBLIC DEBT
Intrepid Potash, Inc., as the parent company, has no independent assets or operations, and operations are conducted solely through its subsidiaries. Cash generated from operations is held at the parent-company level as cash on hand and totaled $60.1 million and $36.5 million at March 31, 2022, and December 31, 2021, respectively. If one or more of our wholly-owned operating subsidiaries guarantee public debt securities in the future, those guarantees will be full and unconditional and will constitute the joint and several obligations of the subsidiary guarantors. The assets and liabilities of our other subsidiaries are immaterial. There are no restrictions on our ability to obtain cash dividends or other distributions of funds from the subsidiary guarantors, except those imposed by applicable law.

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Note 10ASSET RETIREMENT OBLIGATION
We recognize an estimated liability for future costs associated with the abandonment and reclamation of our mining properties. A liability for the fair value of an asset retirement obligation and a corresponding increase to the carrying value of the related long-lived asset are recorded as the mining operations occur or the assets are acquired.
Our asset retirement obligation is based on the estimated cost to abandon and reclaim the mining operations, the economic life of the properties, and federal and state regulatory requirements. The liability is discounted using credit adjusted risk-free rate estimates at the time the liability is incurred or when there are upward revisions to estimated costs. The credit adjusted risk-free rates used to discount our abandonment liabilities range from 6.9% to 9.7%. Revisions to the liability occur due to construction of new or expanded facilities, changes in estimated abandonment costs or economic lives, or if federal or state regulators enact new requirements regarding the abandonment or reclamation of mines.
Following is a table of the changes to our asset retirement obligation for the following periods (in thousands):
Three Months Ended March 31,
20222021
Asset retirement obligation, at beginning of period$27,024 $23,872 
Accretion of discount490 441 
Total asset retirement obligation, at end of period$27,514 $24,313 
    

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Note 11REVENUE
    Revenue Recognition—We account for revenue in accordance with ASC Topic 606 Revenue from Contracts with Customers ("ASC 606"). Under ASC 606, we recognize revenue when control of the promised goods or services is transferred to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration we expect to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The timing of revenue recognition, billings, and cash collection may result in contract assets or contract liabilities.

Contract Balances: As of March 31, 2022, and March 31, 2021, we had $34.0 million and $33.8 million of contract liabilities, respectively, the majority of which are included in "Other current liabilities" on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets, primarily related to cash advances received from a customer for water purchases. Customer advances received before we have satisfied our performance obligations are accounted for as a contract liability (sometimes referred to in practice as deferred revenue). We will recognize the deferred revenue at the time the customer calls for water delivery. See Note 14—Commitments and Contingencies below for additional information regarding our water rights. Our deferred revenue activity for the three months ended March 31, 2022, and 2021 is shown below (in thousands):
Three Months Ended March 31,
20222021
Beginning balance$33,788 $30,419 
Additions349 3,972 
Recognized as revenue during period(114)(549)
Ending balance$34,023 $33,842 

Disaggregation of Revenue: The tables below show the disaggregation of revenue by product and reconciles disaggregated revenue to segment revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2022, and 2021. We believe the disaggregation of revenue by products best depicts how the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows are affected by economic conditions (in thousands):
Three Months Ended March 31, 2022
ProductPotash Segment
Trio® Segment
Oilfield Solutions SegmentIntersegment EliminationsTotal
Potash$51,622 $ $ $(95)$51,527 
Trio®
 39,616   39,616 
Water774 1,202 4,188  6,164 
Salt2,634 234   2,868 
Magnesium Chloride815    815 
Brine Water597  739  1,336 
Other  2,073  2,073 
Total Revenue$56,442 $41,052 $7,000 $(95)$104,399 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2021
ProductPotash Segment
Trio® Segment
Oilfield Solutions SegmentIntersegment EliminationsTotal
Potash$37,794 $ $ $(62)$37,732 
Trio®
 22,514   22,514 
Water1,159 984 3,343  5,486 
Salt2,039 196   2,235 
Magnesium Chloride2,028    2,028 
Brine Water558  205  763 
Other  705  705 
Total Revenue$43,578 $23,694 $4,253 $(62)$71,463 

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Note 12COMPENSATION PLANS
Equity Incentive Compensation Plan—Our Board of Directors and stockholders adopted a long-term incentive compensation plan called the Intrepid Potash, Inc. Amended and Restated Equity Incentive Plan (the "Plan"). The Plan was most recently amended and restated in May 2019. We have issued common stock, restricted stock, performance units, and non-qualified stock option awards under the Plan. At March 31, 2022, approximately 0.5 million shares remained available for issuance under the Plan.
    In March 2022, the Compensation Committee granted 104,039 shares of restricted stock to executive officers and other key employees. These awards vest over three years, and in some cases, contain a market condition. As of March 31, 2022, the following awards were outstanding under the Plan (in thousands):
Outstanding as of
March 31, 2022
Restricted Shares382 
Non-qualified Stock Options275 

    Total share-based compensation expense was $1.2 million and $0.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022, and 2021, respectively. As of March 31, 2022, we had $11.1 million of total remaining unrecognized compensation expense related to awards that is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 1.7 years.

Note 13INCOME TAXES
Our anticipated annual tax rate is impacted primarily by the amount of taxable income associated with each jurisdiction in which our income is subject to income tax, permanent differences between the financial statement carrying amounts and tax bases of assets and liabilities, and the benefit associated with the estimated effect of the percentage depletion deduction.
A summary of our provision for income taxes is as follows (in thousands):
Three Months Ended March 31,
20222021
Current portion of income tax expense$139 $ 
Deferred portion of income tax expense9,000  
Total income tax expense$9,139 $ 

    Our effective tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2022, and 2021, was 22.5% and 0%, respectively. Our effective tax rate differed from the statutory rate during this period primarily from the estimated permanent difference between book and tax income for 2022, for the percentage depletion deduction as well as the effect of state income tax law changes enacted during the first quarter of 2022. Our effective tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2021, was zero percent which differed from the statutory rate primarily due to the valuation allowance that was established to offset our deferred tax assets.

Note 14COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
Reclamation Deposits and Surety Bonds—As of March 31, 2022, and December 31, 2021, we had $23.1 million of security placed principally with the State of Utah and the Bureau of Land Management for eventual reclamation of our various facilities. Of this total requirement, $0.5 million consisted of long-term restricted cash deposits reflected in "Other assets, net" on the condensed consolidated balance sheets and $22.6 million was secured by surety bonds issued by an insurer. The surety bonds are held in place by an annual fee paid to the issuer and a letter of credit.
We may be required to post additional security to fund future reclamation obligations as reclamation plans are updated or as governmental entities change requirements.
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    Legal—We are subject to claims and legal actions in the ordinary course of business. Legal costs are expensed as incurred. While there are uncertainties in predicting the outcome of any claim or legal action, except as noted below, we believe the ultimate resolution of these claims or actions is not reasonably likely to have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows.
Water Rights
In February 2019, Pecos Valley Artesian Conservancy District, Carlsbad Irrigation District, and Otis Mutual Domestic Water Consumers & Sewage Works Association (together, the "Protestants") filed an expedited inter se proceeding against us, Henry McDonald, Select Energy Services, LLC d/b/a Gregory Rockhouse Ranch, and Vision Resources, Inc. in the Fifth Judicial District Court for the County of Chaves in the State of New Mexico ("adjudication court"), which serves as the adjudication court for the Pecos Stream System, including the Pecos River. The Protestants challenged the validity of our Pecos River water rights, representing approximately 20,000 acre feet per year. A virtual trial began on December 8, 2020 and concluded on December 18, 2020.
In August 2021, the adjudication court issued its findings of fact and conclusions of law, representing its initial ruling on the validity of our Pecos River water rights. The adjudication court found that our predecessors had forfeited all but approximately 5,800 acre feet of water per year, and further found that, of the remaining 5,800 acre feet of water that had not been forfeited, all but 150 acre feet of water had been abandoned prior to 2017. Following entry of its initial findings of fact and conclusions of law, the adjudication court ordered additional briefing on specific issues that arose after August 2021, which resulted in the adjudication court withdrawing its initial findings of fact and conclusions of law. After considering the requested additional briefing, the adjudication court entered amended findings of fact and conclusions of law on December 17, 2021. On March 17, 2022, the adjudication court entered the subfile order and partial final judgment and decree, which adopts the court's December 17, 2021 findings of fact and conclusion of law and specifies our right to 150 acre feet per annum of water for industrial-salt processing use. On April 15, 2022, we filed a notice of appeal of the adjudication court's ruling on the validity of our water rights as well as motion to stay the effect of the adjudication court's ruling on any repayment requirement the New Mexico Office of State Engineer ("OSE") may seek to impose following entry of the subfile order and partial final decree.
    In 2017 and 2018 the OSE had granted us preliminary and emergency authorizations to sell approximately 5,700 acre-feet of water per year from our Pecos River Water rights. The preliminary and emergency authorizations allowed for water sales to begin immediately, subject to repayment if the underlying water rights are ultimately found to be invalid. Since the adjudication court entered the subfile order and partial final decree based on its amended findings of fact and conclusion of law discussed above, and if our appeal of the subfile order and partial final decree is unsuccessful, we may have to repay the water pumped under the preliminary authorizations. The OSE may attempt to require repayment prior to the resolution of any appeal of the subfile order and partial final decree. As previously mentioned, we have requested a stay of such an order and have requested the adjudication court agree to either not require a bond or to impose a bond in an amount yet to be determined, but that would be sufficient to repay for the amount pumped under the preliminary and emergency authorizations. Repayment of this water could be up to two times the amount of water removed from the Pecos River. Repayment is customarily made in-kind over a period of time but can take other forms including cash repayment. If we are not able to repay in-kind due to the lack of remaining water rights or logistical constraints, we may need to purchase water to meet this repayment or be subject to a cash repayment. We cannot reasonably estimate the potential volume, timing, or form of repayment, if any, and have not recorded a loss contingency in our statement of operations related to this legal matter.
     In March 2021, we received notice from a customer of a default under the terms of a long-term sales contract because we have not been able to deliver water to diversion points specified in the contract. We have relied primarily upon our Pecos River water rights to deliver water under this contract, the majority of which are currently unavailable due to the factors discussed above. Under this contract we have received quarterly installments of approximately $3.9 million for the future delivery of water to the customer. In April 2021, we agreed to suspend the second quarter 2021 and future quarterly installments due from the customer as we continue to work to resolve the issue. In December 2021, we amended our long-term sales agreement with the customer due to our inability to deliver water. In the amendment, we agreed to suspend all rights and obligations of both parties under the agreement until July 1, 2022. During the suspension period, we have no obligation to deliver water and our customer has no obligation to take water, if available, or make quarterly payments to us. After the suspension period, our customer has the right to terminate the agreement for any reason with thirty days written notice at which time we would be required to repay any outstanding balance for undelivered water. Although we are continuing to work with the customer to resolve this issue, we believe it is likely we will need to repay the $32.6 million outstanding contract liability we have with this customer as of March 31, 2022. See Note 11—Revenue above for additional information.
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In August 2021, NGL Energy Partners (NGL), our partner in the Joint Marketing Agreement (“JMA”) that was entered into in May 2019, filed suit against us alleging, amongst other items, we overcharged the JMA for various operating costs and that we used third party water to service certain fracs when JMA water should have been used in those fracs. NGL is seeking to immediately terminate the JMA and is also seeking compensatory damages. We are vigorously defending against the lawsuit. Because this matter is at an early stage, we are unable to reasonably estimate the potential amount of loss, if any.

Note 15FAIR VALUE
    We measure our financial assets and liabilities in accordance with ASC Topic 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures.
    As of March 31, 2022, and December 31, 2021, our cash consisted of bank deposits. Other financial assets and liabilities including accounts receivable, refundable income taxes, accounts payable, accrued liabilities, and advances under our credit facility, and are carried at cost which approximates fair value because of the short-term nature of these instruments.
In May of 2020, we acquired a non-controlling interest in W.D. Von Gonten Laboratories ("WDVGL") for $3.5 million. This investment is an equity investment without a readily determinable fair value and is recorded at cost with adjustments for observable changes in prices resulting from orderly transactions for the identical or a similar investment of the same issuer, or impairment (a Level 3 input), and is included in "Other assets, net" on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. We did not record any adjustments to the $3.5 million carrying value of the investment during the first three months of 2022.
    
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Note 16BUSINESS SEGMENTS
    Our operations are organized into three segments: potash, Trio® and oilfield solutions. The reportable segments are determined by management based on several factors including the types of products and services sold, production processes, markets served and the financial information available for our chief operating decision maker. We evaluate performance based on the gross margins of the respective business segments and do not allocate corporate selling and administrative expenses, among others, to the respective segments. Intersegment sales prices are market-based and are eliminated in the "Other" column. Information for each segment is provided in the tables that follow (in thousands).

Three Months Ended
March 31, 2022
Potash
Trio®
Oilfield SolutionsOtherConsolidated
Sales$56,442 $41,052 $7,000 $(95)$104,399 
Less: Freight costs4,023 6,309  (95)10,237 
         Warehousing and handling
         costs
1,324 1,152   2,476 
         Cost of goods sold22,031 17,451 5,028  44,510 
Gross Margin$29,064 $16,140 $1,972 $ $47,176 
Depreciation, depletion, and amortization incurred1
$6,947 $1,008 $787 $236 $8,978 
Three Months Ended
March 31, 2021
Potash
Trio®
Oilfield SolutionsOtherConsolidated
Sales$43,578 $23,694 $4,253 $(62)$71,463 
Less: Freight costs5,700 6,440  (62)12,078 
         Warehousing and handling
         costs
1,456 1,176   2,632 
         Cost of goods sold27,749 16,148 3,748  47,645 
Gross Margin (Deficit)$8,673 $(70)$505 $ $9,108 
Depreciation, depletion, and amortization incurred1
$7,178 $1,507 $688 $188 $9,561 
1 Depreciation, depletion, and amortization incurred for potash and Trio® excludes depreciation, depletion and amortization amounts absorbed in or relieved from inventory.

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ITEM 2.MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION
AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (this "Quarterly Report") contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the "Exchange Act"), and the Securities Act of 1933, as amended. These forward-looking statements are made pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. All statements in this Quarterly Report other than statements of historical fact are forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements include statements about, among other things, our future results of operations and financial position, our business strategy and plans, our ESG (as defined below) initiatives and our objectives for future operations. In some cases, you can identify these statements by forward-looking words, such as "estimate," "expect," "anticipate," "project," "plan," "intend," "believe," "forecast," "foresee," "likely," "may," "should," "goal," "target," "might," "will," "could," "predict," and "continue." Forward-looking statements are only predictions based on our current knowledge, expectations, and projections about future events.
    These forward-looking statements are subject to a number of risks, uncertainties, and assumptions, including the following:
changes in the price, demand, or supply of our products and services;
challenges and legal proceedings related to our water rights;
our ability to successfully identify and implement any opportunities to grow our business whether through expanded sales of water, Trio®, byproducts, and other non-potassium related products or other revenue diversification activities;
the costs of, and our ability to successfully execute, any strategic projects;
declines or changes in agricultural production or fertilizer application rates;
declines in the use of potassium-related products or water by oil and gas companies in their drilling operations;
our ability to prevail in outstanding legal proceedings against us;
our ability to comply with the terms of our revolving credit facility, including the underlying covenants, to avoid a default under that agreement;
further write-downs of the carrying value of assets, including inventories;
circumstances that disrupt or limit production, including operational difficulties or variances, geological or geotechnical variances, equipment failures, environmental hazards, and other unexpected events or problems;
changes in reserve estimates;
currency fluctuations;
adverse changes in economic conditions or credit markets;
the impact of governmental regulations, including environmental and mining regulations, the enforcement of those regulations, and governmental policy changes;
adverse weather events, including events affecting precipitation and evaporation rates at our solar solution mines;
increased labor costs or difficulties in hiring and retaining qualified employees and contractors, including workers with mining, mineral processing, or construction expertise;
changes in the prices of raw materials, including chemicals, natural gas, and power;
our ability to obtain and maintain any necessary governmental permits or leases relating to current or future operations;
interruptions in rail or truck transportation services, or fluctuations in the costs of these services;
our inability to fund necessary capital investments;
the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business, operations, liquidity, financial condition and results of operations; and
the other risks, uncertainties, and assumptions described in Item 1A. Risk Factors of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021, as updated by our subsequent Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q.
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In addition, new risks emerge from time to time. It is not possible for our management to predict all risks that may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements we may make.
In light of these risks, uncertainties, and assumptions, the future events and trends discussed in this Quarterly Report may not occur and actual results could differ materially and adversely from those anticipated or implied in these forward-looking statements. As a result, you should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. We undertake no obligation to update or revise publicly any forward-looking statements to conform those statements to actual results or to reflect new information or future events.
    Throughout this Quarterly Report, we refer to average net realized sales price per ton, which is a non-GAAP financial measure. More information about this measure, including a reconciliation of this measure to the most directly comparable GAAP financial measure, is below under the heading "Non-GAAP Financial Measure."
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Company Overview
We are a diversified mineral company that delivers potassium, magnesium, sulfur, salt, and water products essential for customer success in agriculture, animal feed and the oil and gas industry. We are the only U.S. producer of muriate of potash (sometimes referred to as potassium chloride, KCl or potash), which is applied as an essential nutrient for healthy crop development, utilized in several industrial applications, and used as an ingredient in animal feed. In addition, we produce a specialty fertilizer, Trio®, which delivers three key nutrients, potassium, magnesium, and sulfate, in a single particle. We also provide water, magnesium chloride, brine and various oilfield products and services.
Our extraction and production operations are conducted entirely in the continental United States. We produce potash from three solution mining facilities: our HB solution mine in Carlsbad, New Mexico, our solution mine in Moab, Utah, and our brine recovery mine in Wendover, Utah. We also operate our North compaction facility in Carlsbad, New Mexico, which compacts and granulates product from the HB mine. We produce Trio® from our conventional underground East mine in Carlsbad, New Mexico. Until mid-2016, we also produced potash from our East and West mines in Carlsbad, New Mexico.
    We have permitted, licensed, declared and partially adjudicated water rights in New Mexico under which we sell water primarily to support oil and gas development in the Permian Basin near our Carlsbad facilities. We continue to work to expand our sales of water. In May 2019, we acquired certain land, water rights, state grazing leases for cattle, and other related assets from Dinwiddie Cattle Company. We refer to these assets and operations as "Intrepid South." Due to the strategic location of Intrepid South, part of our long-term operating strategy is selling small parcels of land, including restricted use agreements of surface or subsurface rights to customers, where such sales provide a solution to a customer's operations in the oil and gas industry.
    We have three segments: potash, Trio®, and oilfield solutions. We account for the sale of byproducts as revenue in the potash or Trio® segment based on which segment generated the byproduct.




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Environmental, Social, and Governance
We are committed to a goal of providing consistent returns to our shareholders while maintaining a strong sense of good corporate citizenship that places a high value on the welfare of our employees, the communities in which we operate, the customers we serve, and the world as a whole. We believe that prioritizing, improving, and managing our Environmental, Social, and Governance (“ESG”) goals will allow us to better create long-term value for our investors. We have made our ESG program a key initiative for our management team and we are committed to a plan to provide focused reporting on those ESG issues that we believe are the most relevant to our business and important to our stakeholders. We understand that clearly disclosing the goals and metrics related to our ESG programs will allow our stakeholders to be informed about our progress and we look forward to expanding our disclosures in future periods. A summary of our ESG goals under the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals framework is available on our website at intrepidpotash.com. An update on recent ESG highlights and initiatives is shown below.
Commitment to the Environment
We rely on the environments, resources and ecosystems surrounding our locations in all segments of our business. We work closely with our communities and make it a priority to protect the natural resources surrounding our operations.
Full-Cycle Water Management - We are actively developing water treatment and recycling operations in the Delaware Basin. Recycled water will reduce the amount of produced water that is injected into produced water disposal wells.
Solar solution mining potash - All of our potash is currently produced at solar solution mines, one of the most environmentally friendly and energy efficient mining techniques. We inject a naturally occurring, salt saturated brine solution into underground caverns or previously shuttered mine workings. This brine selectively dissolves the remaining potash, which is then pumped back to the surface and into evaporation ponds. During the spring and summer months, the brine naturally evaporates, leaving only the salt and potash solids in the ponds, which we then process into the products we sell. By using solar energy, we do not need to burn natural gas or coal to evaporate our brine ponds.
Salt laydown at the Bonneville Salt Flats - We are committed to helping maintain the environments in which we operate, one of which is the Bonneville Salt Flats near our Wendover, UT mine. Since 2005, we have donated free of cost to the BLM nearly 7 million tons of salt that has been deposited on the racetrack to help preserve this unique attraction in northwest Utah. We drilled an additional brackish well in 2021 to increase the brine available for the salt laydown project.
We are the only OMRI-listed potash and langbeinite producer in the United States. We became OMRI-listed in 2007 for our langbeinite, or Trio® product, and in 2018 for our potash products at our Moab and Wendover operating facilities. We are also registered in the Organic Input Material Program through the California Department of Food and Agriculture, a program which registers fertilizers that can be used in organic crop and food production.
We work closely with the Bureau of Land Management and other government and regulatory agencies to preserve historical sites near our operations such as the Maroon Cliffs in Carlsbad, New Mexico and petroglyphs near our Utah operations. We also work with and have supported agencies dedicated to studying and protecting endangered species near our operations such as the sand dune lizards in New Mexico.
Our Social Impact and Supporting our Communities
Our employees live and work in small, tight-knit communities and we are deeply involved in volunteering and being active community members.
Our New Mexico operations have partnered with the United Way of Carlsbad and South Eddy County since 2004, participating in a variety of community-focused events and activities such as United Way's annual Day of Caring event. We encourage all our employees to volunteer in their communities and we offer all our full-time employees three paid volunteer days each year to support either a charitable organization of their choosing or participate in an Intrepid sponsored volunteer project.
Our Commitment to a Diverse Workforce
We are committed to a recruitment and hiring process that emphasizes and embraces diversity. We believe a diverse workforce leads to greater collaboration, innovation, and improves shareholder returns and we celebrate the great value the differences in our people bring to our organization. We support a variety of organizations within our communities including the Women's Leadership Foundation, a Colorado based organization with the goal of opening more board of director positions to women leaders in Colorado and beyond.
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Our Commitment to Safety
Safety audits are conducted across all our locations to ensure a thoughtful approach can be taken that increases the safe execution of all tasks. Through our audits and dialogue, we educate ourselves and understand the potential hazards present, create best practices that can be shared, and address areas where improvements can be made. Prior to each task, employees are required to: assemble the proper personal protection equipment, tools, permits, etc., ensure the area is safe for employees and contractors, discuss the task with all stakeholders, and understand how the task is related to the overall business.
We conduct safety audits of our operations on a monthly basis. The data from these safety audits is collected to analyze where, what, and why gaps exist, and to provide meaningful information that results in safer work for our employees.
In August 2021, our East Mine operation in Carlsbad, New Mexico received the National 2020 Sentinels of Safety Award in the large underground nonmetal category. The Sentinels of Safety Award is presented by the National Mining Association each year to recognize the outstanding safety achievements of mining operations across a variety of categories.
Business Ethics
Since inception, Intrepid has placed the highest emphasis on conducting its business with honesty and integrity. These standards are expected of management and employees alike, and we continuously strive to create a corporate culture of honesty, integrity, and trust.
The policies we have developed are intended to:
Maintain and communicate our core value of integrity and disseminate our core values and the legal requirements applicable to good business conduct and ethical behavior.
Provide annual refresher training on company policies, values, interpreting laws, and handling a variety of potential company-related issues and situations.
Provide resources for employees to report any suspected violations of our company policies, including an anonymous employee hotline via phone and internet.
Provide clear and well-defined procedures by which employees can easily obtain information, ask questions, and, if necessary, report any suspected violations of any of our Business Ethics policies.
Maintain and communicate a Code of Business Conduct and Ethics which clearly articulates the company’s values, culture, and practices.
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Significant Business Trends and Activities
    As an essential business we continue to operate throughout the COVID-19 pandemic to produce potash and Trio® and serve oil and gas markets through our oilfield solutions business. The safety and protection of our workforce is our first and foremost priority. We continue to monitor the guidance from various authorities, including federal, state and local public health authorities and may take additional actions based on their recommendations. There may be developments outside our control that would require us to adjust our operating plans. Given the dynamic nature of the COVID-19 pandemic, we cannot reasonably estimate the continuing impacts of COVID-19, if any, on our financial condition, results of operations, liquidity or cash flows in the future. Please see further discussion under "Item 1A. Risk Factors" of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021.
    Our financial results have been, or are expected to be, impacted by several significant trends and activities, including impacts from the COVID-19 pandemic, as discussed below. We expect that the trends described below may continue to impact our results of operations, cash flows, and financial position.
Potash pricing and demand. Sales volume decreased 41% in first three months of 2022 when compared to the prior year period as reduced inventory levels across our facilities and reduced production during the 2021 summer evaporation season resulted in fewer tons available for sale compared to the prior year. Fertilizer demand remains strong across the country as higher commodity prices support continued application rates in most of our markets, although we have seen some demand destruction due to the high potash prices. The majority of our industrial potash sales are into oil and gas markets and correlate to drilling and completion activity. Recent increases in oil price support continued drilling and completion activity although additional or renewed restrictions enacted in response to the COVID-19 pandemic may impact our sales if such actions affect available labor, transportation logistics, or cause supply disruptions.
Our potash average net realized sales price per ton increased to $703 for the three months ended March 31, 2022, compared to $282 for the same period in 2021 as price increases announced in recent quarters continued to improve our realized pricing compared to the prior year. We announced a $50 per ton price increase in April 2022, which we expect to realize on spot sales in the second quarter of 2022. Strong commodity prices continue to support application rates across our markets and we believe customers see good value in potash in today's market. Sanctions on Belarusian potash imports, announced in December 2021, took effect in April 2022 and we believe production rates in Belarus are currently well-below average. Belarusian potash has historically supplied approximately 7% of the annual potash consumption in the United States. We expect other suppliers will increase their volume of imports into the U.S. in response to the sanctions although timing of these changes and the overall effect of the sanctions on the potash market are uncertain. As a small producer, domestic pricing of our potash is influenced principally by the price established by our competitors. The interaction of global potash supply and demand, ocean, land, and barge freight rates, currency fluctuations, and crop commodity values and outlook, also influence pricing. Our price expectations could be affected by, among other things, weather, planting decisions, rail car availability, commodity price decreases and the price and availability of other potassium products.
    We experience seasonality in potash demand, with more purchases historically occurring in March through May and September through November when purchasers are looking to have product on hand for the spring and fall application seasons in the United States. Various factors affect potash sales and shipments, thereby increasing volatility of sales volumes from quarter to quarter and season to season. The specific timing of when farmers apply potash remains highly weather dependent and varies across the numerous growing regions within the U.S. The timing of potash sales is also significantly influenced by the marketing programs of potash producers, as well as storage volumes closer to the farm gate. Our sales volumes into the industrial market correlate to drilling activity in the oil and gas market. While COVID-19 related restrictions continued to lessen since the first quarter of 2021, any further containment actions taken in response to the COVID-19 pandemic may impact future fertilizer application seasons if such actions affect available labor, transportation logistics, or cause supply disruptions.
Trio® pricing and demand. Our Trio® average net realized sales price per ton increased 101% during the first quarter 2022 as compared to the same period of 2021. Similar to our potash sales, our results benefited from the multiple price increases announced in recent quarters and we announced another price increase of $35 per ton in February 2022. Our ability to recognize the increased prices may be affected by, among other things, weather, planting decisions, rail car availability, changes in commodity price, and the price and availability of other potassium products.
    Trio® sales volume in the first quarter of 2022 was similar to the prior year period as higher commodity pricing led to strong demand in our domestic markets. We expect to remain very selective in international markets as we focus on growing our domestic Trio® sales.
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    We also experience seasonality in domestic Trio® demand, with more purchases coming in the first and second quarters in advance of the spring application season in the U.S. In turn, we generally have increased inventory levels in the third and fourth quarters in anticipation of expected demand for the following year. Further actions taken in response to the COVID-19 pandemic may also impact seasonal demand patterns if there is an effect on available labor, transportation logistics, or supply disruptions. In the fourth quarter of 2021, we began to operate extra production days at our East mine in response to strong demand and lower Trio® inventory levels. While we expect first half 2022 Trio® sales to be flat compared to the first half of 2021, we have continued to operate extra production days during the first quarter of 2022 to increase the availability of our granular product.
Water sales. In the first quarter of 2022, total water sales were $6.2 million compared to $5.5 million during the same period of 2021. Rig counts, oil pricing, and oilfield activity continue to support drilling and completion activity near our operations, although economic uncertainty, the conflict in Ukraine, and the potential for future restrictions enacted by state and local governments resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic make forecasting future oilfield activities difficult.
    See Note 14 of our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements included in "Item 1. Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)" of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q regarding legal proceedings related to our water rights.
Byproduct sales. We sell byproducts such as salt, magnesium chloride, brines, and water that are derived from our potash and Trio® operations. Byproduct sales were $6.3 million during the first quarter of 2022, compared to $7.0 million for the same period of 2021. Magnesium chlorides sales decreased compared to the prior year due to a mild winter which limited purchases of our deicing product in the first quarter of 2022. Salt sales increased compared to the prior year period due to growth in the pool and industrial salt markets combined with higher realized pricing.
Weather impact. Evaporation rates in 2021 were below average across our facilities which led to decreased potash production in the second half of 2021 and led to decreased potash production in the spring of 2022 when compared to the prior year. We also received a significant amount of rainfall at our HB facility in Carlsbad, New Mexico late in the summer which limited the amount of solids available in our ponds. As a result of the reduced potash production, we recorded abnormal production costs of $6.0 million in the fiscal year 2021. We returned to normal extraction rates in early 2022 at our HB facility and recorded no abnormal production expense in the first quarter of 2022. We expect potash production rates will return to normal in the third quarter of 2022 with production beginning in August 2022.
Diversification of products and services. In addition to the products discussed above, Intrepid generates revenue from right-of-way agreements, surface damages and easements, caliche sales, a produced water royalty, and sales of cattle. We are also currently negotiating water transfer agreements with customers throughout the basin to utilize our existing infrastructure.
We announced in the first quarter of 2022 that Intrepid has initiated a joint feasibility study alongside the New Mexico Produced Water Research Consortium ("NMPWRC") and the New Mexico Environment Department ("NMED") to evaluate the potential of using treated produced water from oil and gas operations as injectate for our HB solar solution mine. Intrepid has produced a pilot project scoping document which has been accepted by the NMPWRC. As part of the pilot project scope we continue to do laboratory work to identify constituents in produced water and the variability we are likely to encounter when sourcing produced water from different operators and formations. We have also engaged a third party to design equipment and processes related to the pilot project. We believe the earliest we would begin a pilot test is the second half of 2023. Further evaluation of produced water constituents and the treatment process necessary to use produced water at our HB solar solution mine may cause us to experience further delays to our schedule and we may decide to discontinue the project altogether.
We continue to review opportunities to leverage our existing oil and gas midstream businesses in southeast New Mexico and expand into additional oil and gas midstream and upstream activities. This expansion may be through organic growth, other strategic investments, partnerships, or acquisitions of complementary businesses that expand our product and service offerings beyond our existing assets or products. Additionally, we may expand into oil and natural gas exploration and production or into new products or services in our current industry or other industries.
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Consolidated Results
(in thousands, except per ton amounts)Three Months Ended March 31,
20222021
Sales1
$104,399 $71,463 
Cost of goods sold$44,510 $47,645 
Gross Margin $47,176 $9,108 
Selling and administrative$6,789 $5,791 
Net Income$31,422 $2,451 
   Average net realized sales price per ton2
Potash$703 $282 
   Trio®
$469 $233 
1Sales include sales of byproducts which were $6.3 million and $7.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022, and 2021, respectively.
2Average net realized sales price per ton is a non-GAAP financial measure. More information about this non-GAAP financial measure is below under the heading "Non-GAAP Financial Measure."
Consolidated Results for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2022, and 2021
Sales
Our total sales for the first quarter of 2022 increased $32.9 million, or 46%, as compared to the first quarter of 2021, as potash sales increased $13.8 million, or 37%, Trio® sales increased $17.1 million, or 76%, and oilfield solutions segment sales increased $2.7 million, partially offset by a $0.7 million decrease in byproduct sales.
Our potash sales increased $13.8 million for the first quarter of 2022, as compared to the first quarter of 2021, as our average net realized sales price per ton increased 149%, partially offset by a 41% decrease in tons sold. Strong demand and tight near-term inventory levels have led to multiple price increases since the fourth quarter of 2020. Our potash sales volumes decreased in the first quarter of 2022, as compared to the first quarter of 2021, as we had fewer potash tons to sell. Below average evaporation rates across our facilities in 2021 led to decreased potash production during the second half of 2021 and the first quarter of 2022.
Our Trio® sales increased $17.1 million, or 76%, in the first quarter of 2022, as compared to the first quarter of 2021, as our average net realized sales price per ton increased 101%, combined with a 3% increase in tons sold. Our Trio® average net realized sales price per ton increased due to multiple price increases announced since the fourth quarter of 2020.
Our oilfield solutions segment sales, which includes sales of water, brine water, surface use, and easements, increased $2.7 million, or 65%, in the first quarter of 2022, as compared to the first quarter of 2021. Our first quarter 2021 oilfield solutions segment sales were negatively impacted by COVID-19 pandemic-related restrictions. As those restrictions have continued to be loosened since first quarter of 2021, the demand for oil has increased which in turn has led to increased drilling activities.
Our total byproduct sales decreased $0.7 million or 10% in the first quarter of 2022, as compared to the first quarter of 2021, due to a $1.2 million decrease in magnesium chloride sales, partially offset by a $0.6 million increase in byproduct salt sales. Our magnesium chloride sales decreased due to the mild winter in various regions of the U.S. where we sell magnesium chloride as a deicing agent. Our salt sales increased due to an increase in sales to the pool and industrial salt markets.
Cost of Goods Sold
Our total cost of goods sold decreased $3.1 million, or 7%, during the first quarter of 2022, as compared to the first quarter of 2021. Our potash cost of goods sold decreased by $5.7 million, or 21%, during the first quarter of 2022 compared to the first quarter of 2021. We sold 41% fewer tons of potash in the first quarter of 2022, compared to first quarter of 2021, but our weighted average carrying cost per ton increased as production costs increased due to inflation, and we produced fewer tons of potash due to below average evaporation across all of our potash facilities. Most of our production costs are fixed and a decrease in tons produced increases our per ton weighted average cost. Our Trio® cost of goods sold increased $1.3 million, or 8%, during the first quarter of 2022, as compared to the first quarter of 2021, due to a 3% increase in Trio® tons sold and an
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increase in production costs due to inflation. Our cost of goods sold for the Oilfield Solutions Segment increased $1.3 million, or 34%, during the first quarter of 2022, compared to the first quarter of 2021, as we incurred increased water transfer costs due to increased water sales at Intrepid South. In addition, we incurred increased contract labor costs and increased rental costs related to the development of a full-cycle water management operation.
Gross Margin
During the first quarter of 2022, we generated gross margin of $47.2 million compared to gross margin of $9.1 million during the first quarter of 2021, due to the factors discussed above.
Selling and Administrative Expense
    During the first quarter of 2022, selling and administrative expenses increased 17% as compared to the first quarter of 2021, driven by increases in labor and benefits expense, and an increase in lease expenses.
Interest Expense
    During the first quarter of 2022, our interest expense decreased $0.4 million as compared to the first quarter of 2021, as we repaid the outstanding balance of our Series B Senior Notes in June 2021, and we repaid the outstanding balance on our credit facility in early August 2021.
Income Tax Expense
    During the first quarter of 2022, we incurred income tax expense of $9.1 million, and we incurred no income tax expense during the first quarter of 2021. As of March 31, 2021, we had a full valuation allowance against our deferred tax assets and any changes in our deferred tax assets were offset by a corresponding change in our valuation allowance. Since we released substantially all of our valuation allowance in the fourth quarter of 2021, changes in our deferred tax assets are no longer fully offset by a change in our valuation allowance.
Net Income
    We generated net income of $31.4 million for the first quarter of 2022, compared to net income of $2.5 million for the first quarter of 2021, due to the factors discussed above.


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Potash Segment
Three Months Ended March 31,