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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

FORM 20-F

(Mark One)

REGISTRATION STATEMENT PURSUANT TO SECTION 12(b) OR (g) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

OR

 

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2023

OR

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

OR

SHELL COMPANY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

Date of event requiring this shell company report_____

For the transition period from_____ to _____

Commission file number: 001-38431

iQIYI, Inc.

(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)

N/A

(Translation of Registrant’s name into English)

Cayman Islands

(Jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)

 

4/F, iQIYI Youth Center, Yoolee Plaza

No. 21, North Road of Workers’ Stadium, Chaoyang District

Beijing 100027, People’s Republic of China

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

Jun Wang, Chief Financial Officer

E-mail: ir@qiyi.com

4/F, iQIYI Youth Center, Yoolee Plaza

No. 21, North Road of Workers Stadium, Chaoyang District

Beijing 100027, People’s Republic of China

Telephone: +86 10-6267-7171

(Name, Telephone, E-mail and/or Facsimile number and Address of Company Contact Person)

Securities registered or to be registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act.

 

Title of each class

 

Trading Symbol(s)

 

Name of each exchange on which registered

American Depositary Shares, each

representing seven Class A ordinary shares

par value US$0.00001 per share

 

IQ

 

The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC

(The Nasdaq Global Select Market)

 

 

 

 

 

Class A ordinary shares,

par value US$0.00001 per share*

 

 

The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC

(The Nasdaq Global Select Market)

 

(1)
*Not for trading, but only in connection with the listing on The Nasdaq Global Select Market of our American depositary shares, each representing seven Class A ordinary shares.

Securities registered or to be registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act.


 

None

(Title of Class)

Securities for which there is a reporting obligation pursuant to Section 15(d) of the Act.

None

(Title of Class)

Indicate the number of outstanding shares of each of the issuer’s classes of capital or common stock as of the close of the period covered by the annual report.

As of December 31, 2023, there were 6,716,137,085 ordinary shares outstanding, being the sum of 3,675,039,807 Class A ordinary shares (excluding 178,780,851 Class A ordinary shares issued to our depositary bank for bulk issuance of ADSs reserved for future issuances upon the exercise or vesting of awards under our share incentive plans) and 3,041,097,278 Class B ordinary shares.

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes No

If this report is an annual or transition report, indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. Yes No

Note – Checking the box above will not relieve any registrant required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 from their obligations under those Sections.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or an emerging growth company. See definition of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer

Accelerated filer

Non-accelerated filer

Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company that prepares its financial statements in accordance with U.S. GAAP, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards† provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

†The term “new or revised financial accounting standard” refers to any update issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board to its Accounting Standards Codification after April 5, 2012.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.

If securities are registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act, indicate by check mark whether the financial statements of the registrant included in the filing reflect the correction of an error to previously issued financial statements.

Indicate by check mark whether any of those error corrections are restatements that required a recovery analysis of incentive-based compensation received by any of the registrant’s executive officers during the relevant recovery period pursuant to §240.10D-1(b).

Indicate by check mark which basis of accounting the registrant has used to prepare the financial statements included in this filing:

 

U.S. GAAP

International Financial Reporting Standards as issued by the

International Accounting Standards Board

Other

If “Other” has been checked in response to the previous question, indicate by check mark which financial statement item the registrant has elected to follow. Item 17 Item 18

If this is an annual report, indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes No

(APPLICABLE ONLY TO ISSUERS INVOLVED IN BANKRUPTCY PROCEEDINGS DURING THE PAST FIVE YEARS)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed all documents and reports required to be filed by Sections 12, 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 subsequent to the distribution of securities under a plan confirmed by a court. Yes No


 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

Page

INTRODUCTION

1

 

 

FORWARD-LOOKING INFORMATION

3

 

 

PART I.

4

 

 

 

 

ITEM 1.

 

IDENTITY OF DIRECTORS, SENIOR MANAGEMENT AND ADVISERS

4

ITEM 2.

 

OFFER STATISTICS AND EXPECTED TIMETABLE

4

ITEM 3.

 

KEY INFORMATION

4

ITEM 4.

 

INFORMATION ON THE COMPANY

76

ITEM 4A.

 

UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

112

ITEM 5.

 

OPERATING AND FINANCIAL REVIEW AND PROSPECTS

112

ITEM 6.

 

DIRECTORS, SENIOR MANAGEMENT AND EMPLOYEES

131

ITEM 7.

 

MAJOR SHAREHOLDERS AND RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

143

ITEM 8.

 

FINANCIAL INFORMATION

147

ITEM 9.

 

THE OFFER AND LISTING

148

ITEM 10.

 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

148

ITEM 11.

 

QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

163

ITEM 12.

 

DESCRIPTION OF SECURITIES OTHER THAN EQUITY SECURITIES

164

 

 

PART II.

167

 

 

 

 

ITEM 13.

 

DEFAULTS, DIVIDEND ARREARAGES AND DELINQUENCIES

167

ITEM 14.

 

MATERIAL MODIFICATIONS TO THE RIGHTS OF SECURITY HOLDERS AND USE OF PROCEEDS

167

ITEM 15.

 

CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

167

ITEM 16.

 

[RESERVED]

168

ITEM 16A.

 

AUDIT COMMITTEE FINANCIAL EXPERT

168

ITEM 16B.

 

CODE OF ETHICS

168

ITEM 16C.

 

PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTANT FEES AND SERVICES

168

ITEM 16D.

 

EXEMPTIONS FROM THE LISTING STANDARDS FOR AUDIT COMMITTEES

169

ITEM 16E.

 

PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES BY THE ISSUER AND AFFILIATED PURCHASERS

169

ITEM 16F.

 

CHANGE IN REGISTRANT’S CERTIFYING ACCOUNTANT

169

ITEM 16G.

 

CORPORATE GOVERNANCE

169

ITEM 16H.

 

MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURE

170

ITEM 16I.

 

DISCLOSURE REGARDING FOREIGN JURISDICTIONS THAT PREVENT INSPECTIONS

170

ITEM 16J.

 

INSIDER TRADING POLICIES

170

ITEM 16K.

 

CYBERSECURITY

170

 

 

PART III

172

 

 

 

 

ITEM 17.

 

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

172

ITEM 18.

 

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

172

ITEM 19.

 

EXHIBITS

172

 

 

 

 

SIGNATURES

178

 


 

INTRODUCTION

Unless otherwise indicated and except where the context otherwise requires, references in this annual report to:

ADSs” refers to our American depositary shares, each of which represents seven Class A ordinary shares;
AI” refers to artificial intelligence;
“average daily number of total subscribing members” for a given period is calculated by averaging the number of total subscribing members, including individuals with trial membership, in each day of such period;
“average daily number of subscribing members excluding individuals with trial memberships” for a given period is calculated by averaging the number of subscribing members excluding individuals with trial memberships in each day of such period;
Baidu” refers to Baidu, Inc., our parent company and controlling shareholder;
“bullet chat,” known as Danmu in Chinese, refers to a form of video commentary used on online videos. Bullet chats are comments that appear directly on the video in real-time;
“China” or the “PRC” refers to the People’s Republic of China, including Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan, and “mainland China” refers to the People’s Republic of China, excluding Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan;
“IP” refers to intellectual property;
“IT” refers to information technology;
monthly ARM” refers to average revenue per membership during a month. Monthly ARM is calculated by dividing our total revenues from membership services during a given period by the average daily number of total subscribing members and by the number of months during such period;
RMB” and “Renminbi” refer to the legal currency of mainland China;
“shares” or “ordinary shares” refers to our Class A and Class B ordinary shares, par value $0.00001 per share;
“subscribing members” refers to the individuals who subscribed for our membership packages during a given period, including individuals with trial memberships, and excluding individuals who pay for video on-demand services or stand alone packages for sports paid content, online literature or online games. Subscribing members are calculated using the number of unique iQIYI user accounts that have subscribed for the relevant services;
“U.S. GAAP” refers to generally accepted accounting principles in the United States;
“US$,” “U.S. dollars,” “$,” and “dollars” refer to the legal currency of the United States;
“video views” refers to the number of times a video is launched on our platform, regardless of time spent viewing the video; and

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“we,” “us,” “our company” and “our” refer to iQIYI, Inc., a Cayman Islands company, and its subsidiaries, and, in the context of describing our operations and combined and consolidated financial information, the variable interest entities (as defined below);
“VIEs” or “variable interest entities” refers to Beijing iQIYI Science & Technology Co., Ltd. (“Beijing iQIYI”), Shanghai iQIYI Culture Media Co., Ltd. (“Shanghai iQIYI”), Shanghai Zhong Yuan Network Co., Ltd. (“Shanghai Zhong Yuan”), iQIYI Pictures (Beijing) Co., Ltd. (“iQIYI Pictures”), Beijing iQIYI Intelligent Entertainment Technology Co., Ltd., (“Intelligent Entertainment”) and Beijing iQIYI Yinhua Media Co., Ltd. (“iQIYI Yinhua”). All of the variable interest entities are domestic companies incorporated in mainland China in which we do not have any equity ownership but whose financial results have been consolidated into our consolidated financial statements based solely on contractual arrangements in accordance with U.S. GAAP. See “Item 4. Information on the Company—C. Organizational Structure” for an illustrative diagram of our corporate structure.

We present our financial results in RMB. We make no representation that any RMB or U.S. dollar amounts could have been, or could be, converted into U.S. dollars or RMB, as the case may be, at any particular rate, or at all. The mainland China government imposes control over its foreign currency reserves in part through direct regulation of the conversion of RMB into foreign exchange and through restrictions on foreign trade. This annual report contains translations of certain foreign currency amounts into U.S. dollars for the convenience of the reader. Unless otherwise stated, all translations of Renminbi into U.S. dollars were made at the rate at RMB7.0999 to US$1.00, the exchange rate as set forth in the H.10 statistical release of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System in effect as of December 29, 2023.

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FORWARD-LOOKING INFORMATION

This annual report contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. These statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from those expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements. These statements are made under the “safe harbor” provisions of the U.S. Private Securities Litigations Reform Act of 1995.

You can identify these forward-looking statements by words or phrases such as “may,” “will,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “aim,” “estimate,” “intend,” “plan,” “believe,” “likely to” or other similar expressions. We have based these forward-looking statements largely on our current expectations and projections about future events and financial trends that we believe may affect our financial condition, results of operations, business strategy and financial needs. These forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements about:

our goals and strategies;
our ability to retain and increase the number of users, members and advertising customers, and expand our service offerings;
our future business development, financial condition and results of operations;
expected changes in our revenues, costs or expenditures;
competition in our industry;
government policies and regulations relating to our industry;
general economic and business conditions globally and in mainland China; and
assumptions underlying or related to any of the foregoing.

You should read this annual report and the documents that we refer to in this annual report and have filed as exhibits to this annual report completely and with the understanding that our actual future results may be materially different from what we expect. Other sections of this annual report discuss factors which could adversely impact our business and financial performance. Moreover, we operate in an evolving environment. New risk factors emerge from time to time and it is not possible for our management to predict all risk factors, nor can we assess the impact of all factors on our business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements. We qualify all of our forward-looking statements by these cautionary statements.

You should not rely upon forward-looking statements as predictions of future events. The forward-looking statements made in this annual report relate only to events or information as of the date on which the statements are made in this annual report. Except as required by law, we undertake no obligation to update or revise publicly any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, after the date on which the statements are made or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events.

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PART I.

ITEM 1. IDENTITY OF DIRECTORS, SENIOR MANAGEMENT AND ADVISERS

Not applicable.

ITEM 2. OFFER STATISTICS AND EXPECTED TIMETABLE

Not applicable.

ITEM 3. Key Information

Our Holding Company Structure and Contractual Arrangements with the Variable Interest Entities

iQIYI, Inc. is not a Chinese operating company, but rather a Cayman Islands holding company with no equity ownership in the variable interest entities. Our Cayman Islands holding company does not conduct business operations directly. We conduct our operations in mainland China through (i) our mainland China subsidiaries, which primarily include Beijing QIYI Century Science and Technology Co., Ltd., or Beijing QIYI Century, and Beijing iQIYI Interactive Technology Co., Ltd., and (ii) the variable interest entities with which we have maintained contractual arrangements, namely Beijing iQIYI Science & Technology Co., Ltd. (“Beijing iQIYI”), Shanghai iQIYI Culture Media Co., Ltd. (“Shanghai iQIYI”), Shanghai Zhong Yuan Network Co., Ltd. (“Shanghai Zhong Yuan”), iQIYI Pictures (Beijing) Co., Ltd. (“iQIYI Pictures”), Beijing iQIYI Intelligent Entertainment Technology Co., Ltd., (“Intelligent Entertainment”) and Beijing iQIYI Yinhua Media Co., Ltd. (“iQIYI Yinhua”), and their subsidiaries in mainland China. The contractual arrangements may not be as effective as direct equity ownership in the variable interest entities, and the government authorities may challenge the enforceability of these contractual arrangements. PRC laws and regulations impose certain restrictions or prohibitions on foreign ownership of companies that engage in certain value-added telecommunication services, internet audio-video program services, production and operation of radio and television programs and certain other businesses. Accordingly, we operate these businesses in mainland China through the variable interest entities and their subsidiaries, and rely on contractual arrangements among our mainland China subsidiaries, the variable interest entities and their nominee shareholders to control the business operations of the variable interest entities. The variable interest entities are consolidated for accounting purposes, but are not entities in which our Cayman Islands holding company, or our investors, own equity. Revenues contributed by the variable interest entities accounted for 94%, 92% and 92% of our total revenues for the years ended December 31, 2021, 2022 and 2023, respectively. As used in this annual report, “we,” “us,” “our company,” “our,” or “iQIYI” refers to iQIYI, Inc., its subsidiaries, and, in the context of describing our operations and consolidated financial information, the variable interest entities in mainland China, namely Beijing iQIYI, Shanghai iQIYI, Shanghai Zhong Yuan, iQIYI Pictures, Intelligent Entertainment and iQIYI Yinhua, and their subsidiaries. Investors in our ADSs are not purchasing equity interest in the variable interest entities in mainland China, but instead are purchasing equity interest in iQIYI, Inc., a holding company incorporated in the Cayman Islands.

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A series of contractual agreements, including loan agreement, share pledge agreement, exclusive purchase option agreement, business operation agreement, business cooperation agreement, commitment letter, shareholder voting rights trust agreement, exclusive technology consulting and services agreement, trademark license agreement, software usage license agreement, power of attorney and spousal consent letter, have been entered into by and among our subsidiaries, the variable interest entities and their respective shareholders. We conduct our business in mainland China through Beijing iQIYI, Shanghai iQIYI, Shanghai Zhong Yuan, iQIYI Pictures, Intelligent Entertainment and iQIYI Yinhua, the variable interest entities in mainland China, and their subsidiaries, based on a series of contractual arrangements by and among (i) Beijing iQIYI, Shanghai iQIYI and Shanghai Zhong Yuan, respectively, and their respective shareholders, with Beijing QIYI Century and iQIYI, Inc.; (ii) iQIYI Pictures and Intelligent Entertainment, respectively, and their respective shareholders, with Beijing iQIYI New Media Science and Technology Co., Ltd., or iQIYI New Media, and iQIYI, Inc; and (iii) iQIYI Yinhua and its shareholders, with Beijing iQIYI Optical Era Technology Co., Ltd., or Optical Era, and iQIYI, Inc. The following is a summary of the currently effective contractual arrangements among Beijing QIYI Century, Beijing iQIYI, Beijing iQIYI’s shareholder and iQIYI, Inc.:

(i)
a loan agreement, pursuant to which, our wholly-owned mainland China subsidiary, Beijing QIYI Century, made loans to the shareholder of Beijing iQIYI for the acquisition and capitalization of Beijing iQIYI, with the condition that such shareholder can only repay the loans by the sale of all the equity interest in Beijing iQIYI owned by such shareholder to iQIYI, Inc. insofar as permitted under PRC law and pay all of the proceeds from sale of such equity interests to iQIYI, Inc.
(ii)
a share pledge agreement, pursuant to which, the shareholder of Beijing iQIYI pledged all equity interest in Beijing iQIYI owned by such shareholder to Beijing QIYI Century to guarantee the shareholder’s and Beijing iQIYI’s performance of obligations under the exclusive technology consulting and services agreement and the loan agreement, and the shareholder agreed not to dispose of the pledged equity interests or create or allow any encumbrance on the pledged equity interests during the term of the share pledge agreement.
(iii)
an exclusive purchase option agreement, pursuant to which, the shareholder of Beijing iQIYI irrevocably granted iQIYI, Inc. or its designee an exclusive option to purchase at its discretion, to the extent permitted under PRC law, all or part of the shareholder’s equity interests in Beijing iQIYI.
(iv)
a business operation agreement, pursuant to which, Beijing QIYI Century agreed to provide Beijing iQIYI with performance guarantees with respect to any contracts, agreements and transactions Beijing iQIYI entered into in connection with its business, and Beijing iQIYI agreed to offer all its account receivables and assets as collateral.
(v)
a business cooperation agreement, pursuant to which, Beijing iQIYI agreed to provide Beijing QIYI Century with services, including internet information services, online advertising and other services reasonably necessary within the scope of Beijing QIYI Century’s business, and Beijing QIYI Century agreed to pay specified service fees to Beijing iQIYI as consideration for such services. Beijing iQIYI has the right to waive the service fees.
(vi)
a commitment letter, pursuant to which, under the condition that Beijing iQIYI remains as an entity of which the financial statements are consolidated by iQIYI, Inc. and Beijing QIYI Century under U.S. GAAP and the contractual arrangements remain in effect, iQIYI, Inc. and Beijing QIYI Century undertake to provide financial support to Beijing iQIYI for any financial loss that might affect its business operation occurred before and after the execution of the commitment letter as permitted by law.
(vii)
a shareholder voting rights trust agreement, pursuant to which, the shareholder of Beijing iQIYI agreed to irrevocably entrust a person designated by Beijing QIYI Century to represent the shareholder to exercise all the voting rights and other shareholders’ rights to which such shareholder is entitled.
(viii)
an exclusive technology consulting and services agreement, pursuant to which, Beijing QIYI Century has the sole and exclusive right to provide specified technology consulting and services to Beijing iQIYI, and Beijing iQIYI agreed to accept such services and pay specified service fees to Beijing QIYI Century. Beijing iQIYI also agreed not to accept the same or similar technology consulting and services provided by any third-party during the term of the agreement without the prior written consent of Beijing QIYI Century.
(ix)
a trademark license agreement, pursuant to which, Beijing QIYI Century exclusively granted Beijing iQIYI trademark licenses to use the trademarks held by Beijing QIYI Century in specified areas for specified usage fees.

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(x)
a software usage license agreement, pursuant to which, Beijing QIYI Century granted Beijing iQIYI non-exclusive rights to use specified software in mainland China, and Beijing iQIYI agreed to pay specified usage fees to Beijing QIYI Century and not to sublicense such software usage rights.
(xi)
a power of attorney, whereby Beijing QIYI Century granted iQIYI, Inc. an irrevocable power of attorney under the shareholder voting rights trust agreement, and as such, iQIYI, Inc. may exercise all shareholder rights during the term of the shareholder voting rights trust agreement and may transfer such rights to a designated third-party without written notice to Beijing QIYI Century.
(xii)
a spousal consent letter, whereby the signing spouse committed not to impose any adverse assertions upon the validity of the agreements described above based on the existence or termination of the marital relationship with the shareholder, or exert any impediment or adverse influence over the shareholder’s performance of any contractual arrangement or claim rights on Beijing iQIYI.

The terms of the contractual arrangements by and among (i) Shanghai iQIYI and Shanghai Zhong Yuan, respectively, and their respective shareholders, with Beijing QIYI Century and iQIYI, Inc.; (ii) iQIYI Pictures and Intelligent Entertainment, respectively, and their respective shareholders, with iQIYI New Media and iQIYI, Inc.; and (iii) iQIYI Yinhua and its shareholders, with Optical Era and iQIYI, Inc. are substantially the same as the contractual arrangements discussed above.

For more details of these contractual arrangements, see “Item 4. Information on the Company—C. Organizational Structure—Contractual Arrangements with the Variable Interest Entities and Their Respective Shareholders.” Terms contained in each set of contractual arrangements with the variable interest entities and their respective shareholders are substantially similar. Despite the lack of equity ownership, our Cayman Island holding company, iQIYI, Inc., is considered as the primary beneficiary of the variable interest entities and consolidates the financial results of the variable interest entities and their subsidiaries as required by Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) topic 810, Consolidation. Accordingly, we treat the variable interest entities as our consolidated entities under U.S. GAAP and we consolidate the financial results of the variable interest entities in our consolidated financial statements in accordance with U.S. GAAP. Neither iQIYI, Inc. nor its investors have an equity ownership in, direct foreign investment in, or control through such ownership or investment of, the variable interest entities, and the contractual arrangements are not equivalent to an equity ownership in the business of the variable interest entities.

However, the contractual arrangements may not be as effective as direct ownership in providing us with control over the variable interest entities and we may incur substantial costs to enforce the terms of the arrangements. All of these contractual arrangements are governed by and interpreted in accordance with PRC law, and disputes arising from these contractual arrangements will be resolved through arbitration in mainland China. There remain significant uncertainties regarding the ultimate outcome of arbitration should legal action become necessary. These uncertainties could limit our ability to enforce these contractual arrangements. As such, the variable interest entity structure involves unique risks to investors of our Cayman Islands holding company. In addition, the legality and enforceability of the contractual agreements among our mainland China subsidiaries, the variable interest entities, and their nominee shareholders, as a whole, have not been tested in a court of law in mainland China. In the event we are unable to enforce these contractual arrangements, or if we suffer significant delay or other obstacles in the process of enforcing these contractual arrangements, we may not be able to direct activities that most significantly affect the economic performance of the variable interest entities, and our ability to conduct our business may be materially adversely affected. See “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors—Risks Related to Our Corporate Structure—We rely on contractual arrangements with the variable interest entities and their shareholders for our business operations, which may not be as effective as direct ownership in providing operational control” and “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors—Risks Related to Our Corporate Structure—The shareholders of the variable interest entities may have potential conflicts of interest with us, which may materially and adversely affect our business and financial condition.”

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The following diagram illustrates our current corporate structure, which identifies our major subsidiaries, including our significant subsidiaries, and the variable interest entities, as of the date of this annual report:

 

img60664003_0.jpg 

 

 

img60664003_1.jpg 

For details of contractual arrangements, see “Item 4. Information on the Company—C. Organizational Structure—Contractual Arrangements with the Variable Interest Entities and Their Respective Shareholders.”

img60664003_2.jpg 

Equity interest.

Notes

(1)
The shareholders of Shanghai iQIYI are Dr. Yu Gong and Mr. Xiaohua Geng, our senior vice president, each holding 50% of equity interest.
(2)
The shareholder of Beijing iQIYI is Mr. Xiaohua Geng, holding 100% of equity interest.
(3)
The shareholder of Shanghai Zhong Yuan is Dr. Yu Gong, holding 100% of equity interest.
(4)
The shareholders of Intelligent Entertainment are Dr. Yu Gong and Mr. Xianghua Yang, our senior vice president, each holding 50% of equity interest.
(5)
The shareholders of iQIYI Pictures are Dr. Yu Gong and Mr. Ning Ya, president of iQIYI Pictures, each holding 50% of equity interest.
(6)
The shareholders of iQIYI Yinhua are Dr. Yu Gong and Mr. Xiaohui Wang, our chief content officer, each holding 50% of equity interest.

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There are also substantial uncertainties regarding the interpretation and application of current and future PRC laws, regulations and rules regarding the status of the rights of our Cayman Islands holding company with respect to its contractual arrangements with the variable interest entities and their nominee shareholders. Though the Foreign Investment Law does not explicitly classify contractual arrangements as a form of foreign investment, the definition of “foreign investment” thereunder is relatively wide and contains a catch-all provision which includes investments made by foreign investors through means stipulated in laws or administrative regulations or other methods prescribed by the State Council. Therefore, there is no assurance that foreign investment via contractual arrangement would not be interpreted as a type of indirect foreign investment activities in the future. If any of the variable interest entities were deemed as a foreign-invested enterprise under any such future laws, administrative regulations or provisions, we may be subject to restrictions, ratification requirements and may need to take further actions to comply with such future laws, administrative regulations or provisions. Such actions may have a material and adverse impact on our business, financial condition, result of operations and prospects. In addition, it is uncertain whether any new PRC laws or regulations relating to variable interest entity structures will be adopted or if adopted, what they would provide. If we or any of the variable interest entities is found to be in violation of any existing or future PRC laws or regulations, or fail to obtain or maintain any of the required permits or approvals, the PRC regulatory authorities would have broad discretion in accordance with the applicable laws and regulations to take action in dealing with such violations or failures. If the PRC government deems that our contractual arrangements with the variable interest entities do not comply with PRC regulatory restrictions on foreign investment in the relevant industries, or if these regulations or the interpretation of existing regulations change or are interpreted differently in the future, we could be subject to severe penalties or be forced to relinquish our interests in those operations. Our Cayman Islands holding company, our mainland China subsidiaries and the variable interest entities, and investors of our company face uncertainty about potential future actions by the PRC government that could affect the enforceability of the contractual arrangements with the variable interest entities and, consequently, significantly affect the financial performance of the variable interest entities and our company as a whole. See “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors—Risks Related to Our Corporate Structure—If the PRC government finds that the agreements that establish the structure for operating certain of our operations in mainland China do not comply with PRC regulations relating to the relevant industries, or if these regulations or the interpretation of existing regulations change in the future, we could be subject to severe penalties or be forced to relinquish our interests in those operations” and “—The interpretation and implementation of the newly enacted PRC Foreign Investment Law shall be determined in accordance with the laws and regulations in force at the time and any noncompliance thereof may impact the viability of our current corporate structure, corporate governance and business operations.”

We face various risks and uncertainties related to doing business in mainland China. Our business operations are primarily conducted in mainland China, and we are subject to complex and evolving PRC laws and regulations. For example, we face risks associated with regulatory approvals on offshore offerings, anti-monopoly regulatory actions, and oversight on cybersecurity and data privacy, which may impact our ability to conduct certain businesses, accept foreign investments or financing, or list on a United States or other foreign exchange. In addition, our ADSs may be prohibited from trading in the United States under the Holding Foreign Companies Accountable Act, or the HFCAA, as amended by the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2023, in the future, if the SEC determines that we have filed audit reports issued by a registered public accounting firm that has not been subject to inspections by the PCAOB for two consecutive years. On December 16, 2021, the PCAOB issued a report to notify the SEC of its determination that the PCAOB was unable to inspect or investigate completely registered public accounting firms headquartered in mainland China and Hong Kong, including our auditor. In April 2022, the SEC conclusively listed us as a Commission-Identified Issuer under the HFCAA because we filed an annual report on Form 20-F for the year ended December 31, 2021 with the SEC on March 28, 2022 with an audit report issued by Ernst & Young Hua Ming LLP, a registered public accounting firm retained by the Company, for the preparation of the audit report on our company’s financial statements included therein. Ernst & Young Hua Ming LLP is a registered public accounting firm headquartered in mainland China, a jurisdiction where the PCAOB determined that it had been unable to inspect or investigate completely registered public accounting firms headquartered there until December 2022. On December 15, 2022, the PCAOB issued a report that vacated its December 16, 2021 determination and removed mainland China and Hong Kong from the list of jurisdictions where it is unable to inspect or investigate completely registered public accounting firms. For this reason, we were not identified as a Commission-Identified Issuer under the HFCAA after we filed our annual report on Form 20-F for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2022, and do not expect to be so identified after we file this annual report on Form 20-F for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2023. On December 29, 2022, the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2023, was signed into law, which amended the HFCAA (i) to reduce the number of consecutive non-inspection years required for triggering the prohibitions under

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the HFCAA from three years to two, and (ii) so that any foreign jurisdiction could be the reason why the PCAOB does not have complete access to inspect or investigate a company’s auditors. As it was originally enacted, the HFCAA applied only if the PCAOB’s inability to inspect or investigate because of a position taken by an authority in the foreign jurisdiction where the relevant public accounting firm is located. As a result of the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2023, the HFCAA now also applies if the PCAOB’s inability to inspect or investigate the relevant accounting firm is due to a position taken by an authority in any foreign jurisdiction. The denying jurisdiction does not need to be where the accounting firm is located.

Each year, the PCAOB will determine whether it can inspect and investigate completely audit firms in mainland China and Hong Kong, among other jurisdictions. If PCAOB determines in the future that it no longer has full access to inspect and investigate completely accounting firms in mainland China and Hong Kong and we continue to use an accounting firm headquartered in one of these jurisdictions to issue an audit report on our financial statements filed with the SEC, we would be identified as a Commission-Identified Issuer following the filing of the annual report on Form 20-F for the relevant fiscal year. There can be no assurance that we would not be identified as a Commission-Identified Issuer for any future fiscal year, and if we were so identified for two consecutive years, we would become subject to the prohibition on trading under the HFCAA. The delisting or prohibition of trading of our ADSs, or the threat of their being delisted or prohibition from trading, may materially and adversely affect the value of your investment. Furthermore, whether the PCAOB will continue to conduct inspections and investigations completely to its satisfaction of PCAOB-registered public accounting firms headquartered in mainland China and Hong Kong is subject to uncertainty and depends on a number of factors out of our, and our auditor’s, control, including positions taken by authorities of the PRC or any other foreign jurisdiction. If authorities in the PRC or another foreign jurisdiction were to take a position at any time in the future that would prevent the PCAOB from continuing to inspect or investigate completely registered public accounting firms headquartered in mainland China or Hong Kong, and if such lack of inspection were to extend for the requisite period of time under the HFCAA, our securities will be prohibited from being traded on U.S. markets and this could result in a determination by Nasdaq to delist our securities. Additionally, the inability of the PCAOB to conduct inspections in the past has deprived our investors with the benefits of such inspections. These risks could result in a material adverse change in our operations and the value of our ADSs or significantly limit or completely hinder our ability to offer or continue to offer securities to investors and cause the value of such securities to significantly decline or become worthless. For a detailed description of risks related to doing business in mainland China, “Item 3.D. Key Information—Risk Factors—Risks Related to Doing Business in Mainland China.”

PRC government’s significant authority in regulating our operations and its oversight and control over offerings conducted overseas by, and foreign investment in, China-based issuers could result in a material adverse change in our operations and the value of our ADS or significantly limit or completely hinder our ability to offer or continue to offer securities to investors and cause the value of such securities to significantly decline or become worthless. Implementation of industry-wide regulations in this nature may cause the value of such securities to significantly decline or become worthless. For more details, see “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors—Risks Related to Doing Business in Mainland China—The PRC government’s significant oversight over our business operation could result in a material adverse change in our operations and the value of our ADSs.”

Risks and uncertainties arising from the legal system in mainland China, including risks and uncertainties regarding the enforcement of laws and quickly evolving rules and regulations in mainland China, could result in a material adverse change in our operations and the value of our ADSs. There is no assurance that the mainland China government will not intervene in or impose restrictions on the ability of iQIYI, Inc., its subsidiaries, and the variable interest entities to transfer cash or assets. To the extent cash or assets in the business is in mainland China or a mainland China entity, the funds or assets may not be available to fund operations or for other use outside of mainland China due to interventions in or the imposition of restrictions and limitations on the ability of iQIYI, Inc., its subsidiaries, or the variable interest entities by the mainland China government to transfer cash or assets. As of the date of this annual report, there is no equivalent or similar restriction or limitation in Hong Kong on cash or assets transfers in, or out of, our Hong Kong entities. However, if restrictions or limitations were to become applicable to cash or assets transfers in and out of Hong Kong entities in the future, the funds or assets in our Hong Kong entities may not be available to fund operations or for other use outside of Hong Kong. For more details, see “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors—Risks Related to Doing Business in Mainland China—Uncertainties with respect to the legal systems in the jurisdictions where we operate could adversely affect us.”

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Cash Flows through Our Organization

iQIYI, Inc. is a holding company with no material operations of its own. We conduct our operations primarily through our mainland China subsidiaries, the variable interest entities and their subsidiaries in mainland China. As a result, iQIYI, Inc.’s ability to pay dividends to the shareholders and investors of the ADSs depends upon dividends paid by our mainland China subsidiaries. If our existing mainland China subsidiaries or any newly formed ones incur debt on their own behalf in the future, the instruments governing their debt may restrict their ability to pay dividends to us. In addition, current PRC regulations permit our mainland China subsidiaries to pay dividends to their respective shareholders only out of their accumulated profits, if any, determined in accordance with PRC accounting standards and regulations. Furthermore, each of our mainland China subsidiaries and the variable interest entities is required to set aside at least 10% of its after-tax profits each year, if any, to fund a statutory reserve until such reserve reaches 50% of its registered capital. Each of such entities in mainland China is also required to further set aside a portion of its after-tax profits to fund the employee welfare fund, although the amount to be set aside, if any, is determined at the discretion of its board of directors. These reserves are not distributable as cash dividends. For more details, see “Item 5. Operating and Financial Review and Prospects—B. Liquidity and Capital ResourcesHolding Company Structure.” Our subsidiaries’ ability to distribute dividends is based upon their distributable earnings.

We have in place a centralized cash management policy and established stringent controls and procedures for cash flows within our organization. Under our cash management policy, cash is managed by the centralized treasury department of our company, and each transfer of cash between our Cayman Islands holding company and a subsidiary, the variable interest entities or the subsidiaries of the variable interest entities is subject to internal approval. All such transfers are reviewed and approved by the authorities where required, including the State Administration of Foreign Exchange, or SAFE. We only allow the treasury department personnel to have access to our funds, and we also segregate duties between personnel involved in funds management. The cash management policy is not contractual in nature. The controls and procedures on cash transfers in the policy adhere to regulatory requirements. In addition, our board of directors has complete discretion on whether to distribute dividends to the shareholders. Even if our board of directors decides to pay dividends, the form, frequency and amount will depend upon our future operations and earnings, capital requirements and surplus, general financial condition, contractual restrictions and other factors that the board of directors may deem relevant. If we pay any dividends, we will pay our ADS holders to the same extent as holders of our Class A ordinary shares, subject to the terms of the deposit agreement, including the fees and expenses payable thereunder. See “Item 8. Financial Information—A. Consolidated Statements and other Financial Information—Dividend Policy.” The cash inflows of the Cayman Islands holding company were primarily generated from the proceeds we received from our public offerings of ordinary shares, our offerings of convertible senior notes and other financing activities. For the years ended December 31, 2021, 2022 and 2023, the Cayman Islands holding company provided capital contributions of RMB3,573.0 million, RMB2,314.5 million and RMB235.0 million (US$33.1 million), respectively, to our subsidiaries. For each of the years ended December 31, 2021, 2022 and 2023, the Cayman Islands holding company provided loans to our subsidiaries, namely iQIYI HK Limited, iQIYI Media Limited, iQIYI Film Group HK Limited, and iQIYI International Singapore Pte, Ltd., the amounts of which was RMB7,395.4 million, RMB3,577.6 million and RMB4,955.8 million (US$698.0 million), respectively, and received repayments of RMB11,175.5 million, RMB3,398.5 million and RMB5,428.8 million (US$764.6 million), respectively, during the same period from such subsidiaries. No withholding tax was applicable on such repayments. For the years ended December 31, 2021, 2022 and 2023, the variable interest entities did not receive any loans from or repay any loans to the Cayman Islands holding company. For the years ended December 31, 2021, 2022 and 2023, no assets other than above cash transactions were transferred between the Cayman Islands holding company and a subsidiary, a variable interest entity or its subsidiary, no subsidiaries paid dividends or made other distributions to the holding company, and no dividends or distributions were paid or made to U.S. investors. For the years ended December 31, 2021, 2022 and 2023, our subsidiaries provided capital contributions of nil, nil and nil, respectively, to the variable interest entities. For the years ended December 31, 2021, 2022 and 2023, no assets were transferred between our subsidiaries and the variable interest entities.We currently intend to retain most, if not all, of our available funds and any future earnings to operate and expand our business. See “Item 8. Financial Information—A. Consolidated Statements and Other Financial Information—Dividend Policy.” However, if our mainland China subsidiaries declare and distribute profits to us, such payments will be subject to withholding tax, which will increase our tax liability and reduce the amount of cash available to our company. For example, iQIYI Film Group HK Limited, which directly owns our mainland China subsidiaries, Beijing iQIYI New Media Science and Technology Co., Ltd., or iQIYI New Media, is

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incorporated in Hong Kong. For the potential distributable profits to be distributed to iQIYI Film Group HK Limited, the deferred tax liabilities will be accrued at a 5% withholding tax rate. However, if iQIYI Film Group HK Limited is not considered to be the beneficial owner of the dividends paid to it by iQIYI New Media under the tax circulars promulgated in February and October 2009, such dividends would be subject to withholding tax at a rate of 10%. For more information on related risks, please see “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors—Risks Related to Doing Business in Mainland China—We may rely on dividends and other distributions on equity paid by our mainland China subsidiaries to fund any cash and financing requirements we may have, and any limitation on the ability of our mainland China subsidiaries to make payments to us and any tax we are required to pay could have a material and adverse effect on our ability to conduct our business.” For mainland China and United States federal income tax considerations in connection with an investment in our ADSs, see “Item 10. Additional Information—E. Taxation.”

For details of the financial position, cash flows and results of operations of the variable interest entities, see “Item 3. Key Information—Financial Information Related to the Variable Interest Entities.” We plan to continue to determine the amount of service fee and payment method with the variable interest entities and their shareholders based on the working capital needs of the variable interest entities, and settle fees under the contractual arrangements with the variable interest entities when required in the future.

In addition, our mainland China subsidiaries, the variable interest entities and their subsidiaries generate their revenue primarily in Renminbi, which is not freely convertible into other currencies. Under PRC laws and regulations, our mainland China subsidiaries and the variable interest entities are subject to certain restrictions with respect to paying dividends or make distributions to shareholders of our securities, or otherwise transferring any of their net assets to us. Remittance of dividends by a wholly foreign-owned enterprise out of mainland China is also subject to examination by the banks designated by SAFE. The amounts restricted include the paid-in capital of our mainland China subsidiaries and the net assets of the variable interest entities in which we have no legal ownership. Furthermore, cash transfers from our mainland China subsidiaries and the variable interest entities to entities outside of mainland China are subject to PRC government controls on currency conversion. To the extent cash in our business is in mainland China or a mainland China entity, such cash may not be available to fund operations or for other use outside of the PRC due to restrictions and limitations imposed by the governmental authorities on the ability of us, our subsidiaries, or the variable interest entities to transfer cash outside of the PRC. Shortages in the availability of foreign currency may temporarily delay the ability of our mainland China subsidiaries and the variable interest entities to remit sufficient foreign currency to pay dividends or make distributions to shareholder of our securities, or other payments to us, or otherwise satisfy their foreign currency denominated obligations. In view of the foregoing, to the extent cash in our business is held in mainland China or by a mainland China entity, such cash may not be available to fund operations or for other use outside of the PRC. As a result, any restriction on currency exchange may limit the ability of our mainland China subsidiaries to pay dividends to us. For more details, see “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors—Summary of Risk Factors—Risks Related to Doing Business in Mainland China—Our mainland China subsidiaries and the variable interest entities are subject to certain restrictions with respect to paying dividends or make distributions to shareholders of our securities, or otherwise transferring any of their net assets to us,” “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors—Risks Related to Doing Business in Mainland China—We may rely on dividends and other distributions on equity paid by our mainland China subsidiaries to fund any cash and financing requirements we may have, and any limitation on the ability of our mainland China subsidiaries to make payments to us and any tax we are required to pay could have a material and adverse effect on our ability to conduct our business,” “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors—Summary of Risk Factors—Risks Related to Doing Business in Mainland China—Any funds we transfer to our mainland China subsidiaries are subject to approval by or registration or filing with governmental authorities in mainland China” and “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors—Risks Related to Doing Business in Mainland China—We are subject to PRC laws and regulations governing loans to and direct investment in mainland China entities by offshore holding companies and currency conversion, which may delay or prevent us to make loans to or make additional capital contributions to our mainland China subsidiaries and the variable interest entities, which could materially and adversely affect our liquidity and our ability to fund and expand our business.”

11


 

Permissions Required from the PRC Authorities for Our Operations

We conduct our business primarily through our subsidiaries and the variable interest entities in mainland China. Our operations in mainland China are governed by PRC laws and regulations. As advised by our PRC legal counsel, Jingtian & Gongcheng, as of the date of this annual report, our mainland China subsidiaries, the variable interest entities and their subsidiaries have obtained all the requisite permissions and approvals from the PRC government authorities for the business operations of our holding company, our subsidiaries, and the variable interest entities in mainland China, namely, the Value-added Telecommunications Business Operation License, or the VATS License, the Permit for Internet Audio-video Program Service, the Network Culture Business Permit, the Permit to Produce and Operate Radio and Television Programs, the Commercial Performance License, the Internet Publishing License, the Publication Trade License and the Food Trade License. Our mainland China subsidiaries, the variable interest entities and their subsidiaries have not been denied for any requisite permission or approval from any PRC government authority with respect to the operation of their respective business. As advised by our PRC legal counsel, as of the date of this annual report, under current PRC laws, regulations and rules, except as disclosed in “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors—Risks Related to Our Business and Industry—Any lack of requisite permits for any of our internet video and other content or any of our business may expose us to regulatory sanctions,” we, our mainland China subsidiaries, the variable interest entities and their subsidiaries are not required to obtain additional permission or approval from other PRC government authorities with respect to the operation of our business. In addition, as advised by our PRC legal counsel, Jingtian & Gongcheng, as of the date of this annual report, under current PRC laws, regulations and rules, we, our mainland China subsidiaries, the variable interest entities and their subsidiaries are not required to obtain permissions from the China Securities Regulatory Commission, or the CSRC, or go through cybersecurity review by the Cyberspace Administration of China, or the CAC, with respect to the operation of our business. However, given the uncertainties of interpretation and implementation of the laws and regulations and enforcement practice by the government authorities, we may be required to obtain additional licenses, permits, filings or approvals for the functions and services of our platform in the future, and may not be able to maintain or renew our current licenses, permits, filings or approvals. If we, our mainland China subsidiaries, variable interest entities and their subsidiaries (i) do not receive or maintain any necessary permissions or approvals from PRC authorities to operate business or offer securities, (ii) inadvertently conclude that such permissions or approvals are not required, or (iii) if applicable laws, regulations, or interpretations change and we are required to obtain such permissions or approvals in the future, we cannot assure you that we will be able to obtain the necessary permissions or approvals in a timely manner, or at all, and such approvals may be rescinded even if obtained. Any such circumstance could subject us to penalties, including fines, suspension of business and revocation of required licenses, significantly limit or completely hinder our ability to continue to offer securities to investors, and cause the value of such securities to significantly decline or be worthless. For more detailed information, see “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors—Risks Related to Our Business and Industry—Any lack of requisite permits for any of our internet video and other content or any of our business may expose us to regulatory sanctions.”

Permissions Required from the PRC Authorities for Overseas Financing Activities

Under current PRC laws, regulations and regulatory rules, we, our mainland China subsidiaries, the variable interest entities and their subsidiaries may be required to obtain permissions from the CSRC, and may be required to go through cybersecurity review by the CAC, in connection with any future offering and listing in an overseas market. As of the date of this annual report, we have not been subject to any cybersecurity review made by the CAC.

On February 17, 2023, the CSRC published the Interim Administrative Measures on Overseas Securities Offering and Listing by the Domestic Enterprises, or the Overseas Listing Measures, which took effect on March 31, 2023. Under the Overseas Listing Measures, a filing-based regulatory system will be applied to “indirect overseas offerings and listings” of PRC domestic companies, which refers to securities offerings and listings in an overseas market made under the name of an offshore entity but based on the underlying equity, assets, earnings or other similar rights of a domestic company that operates its main business domestically in mainland China. The Overseas Listing Measures state that, any overseas offering of securities, including issuance of shares, convertible notes and other similar securities, by a PRC domestic company, and listing by a PRC domestic company in an overseas market, shall be subject to filing requirement within three business days after the completion of such offering or listing. In connection with the Overseas Listing Measures, on February 17, 2023 the CSRC also published the Notice on the Administrative Arrangements for the Filing of Overseas Securities Offering and Listing by the

12


 

Domestic Enterprises, or the Notice on Overseas Listing Measures. According to the Notice on Overseas Listing Measures, issuers that have already been listed in an overseas market by March 31, 2023, the date on which the Overseas Listing Measures took effect, such as our company, are not required to make any immediate filing. However, such issuers will be required to comply with the filing requirements under Overseas Listing Measures if and when they pursue any future securities offerings and listings outside of mainland China, including but not limited to follow-on offerings, secondary listings and going private transactions. If we fail to obtain required approval or complete other review or filing procedures, under the Overseas Listing Measures or otherwise, for any future securities offerings and listings outside of mainland China, including but not limited to follow-on offerings, secondary listings and going private transactions, we may face sanctions by the CSRC or other PRC regulatory authorities, which may include fines and penalties on our operations in mainland China, limitations on our operating privileges in mainland China, restrictions on or prohibition of the payments or remittance of dividends by our subsidiaries in mainland China, restrictions on or delays to our future financing transactions offshore, or other actions that could have a material and adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, reputation and prospects, as well as the trading price of our ADSs.

As advised by our PRC legal counsel, Jingtian & Gongcheng, as of the date of this annual report, under current PRC laws, regulations and rules, we, our mainland China subsidiaries, the variable interest entities and their subsidiaries are not required to obtain permission from the CSRC, or go through cybersecurity review by the CAC, or obtain permission or approval from other PRC government authorities with respect to previous issuances of securities to foreign investors.

For more detailed information, see “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors—Risks Related to Doing Business in Mainland China—The approval of or the filing with the CSRC or other PRC government authorities may be required in connection with our future offshore listings and capital raising activities under PRC law, and, if required, we cannot predict whether or for how long we will be able to obtain such approval or filing” and “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors—Risks Related to Our Business and Industry—Our business is subject to complex and evolving Chinese and international laws and regulations regarding cybersecurity, information security, privacy and data protection. Many of these laws and regulations are subject to change and uncertain interpretation, and any failure or perceived failure to comply with these laws and regulations could result in claims, changes to our business practices, negative publicity, legal proceedings, increased cost of operations, or declines in user growth or engagement, or otherwise harm our business.”

Selected Consolidated Financial Data

The following selected consolidated statements of comprehensive (loss)/income data for the years ended December 31, 2021, 2022 and 2023, selected consolidated balance sheet data as of December 31, 2022 and 2023 and selected consolidated cash flows data for the years ended December 31, 2021, 2022 and 2023 have been derived from our audited consolidated financial statements included in this annual report beginning on page F-2. The following selected consolidated statements of comprehensive loss data for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2020, selected consolidated balance sheet data as of December 31, 2019, 2020 and 2021 and selected consolidated cash flows data for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2020 have been derived from our audited consolidated financial statements not included in this annual report. Our historical results for any period are not necessarily indicative of results to be expected for any future period.

13


 

The selected consolidated financial data should be read in conjunction with, and are qualified in their entirety by reference to, our audited consolidated financial statements and related notes and “Item 5. Operating and Financial Review and Prospects” below. Our consolidated financial statements are prepared and presented in accordance with U.S. GAAP. Despite the lack of equity ownership, our Cayman Island holding company is considered as the primary beneficiary of the variable interest entities and consolidates the financial results of the variable interest entities and their subsidiaries as required by ASC topic 810, Consolidation. Accordingly, we treat the variable interest entities as our consolidated entities under U.S. GAAP and we consolidate the financial results of the variable interest entities in our consolidated financial statements in accordance with U.S. GAAP.

 

 

 

For the year ended December 31,

 

 

 

2019

 

2020

 

2021

 

2022

 

2023

 

 

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

US$

 

 

 

(in thousands, except for share and per share data)

 

Selected Consolidated Statements of

   Comprehensive (Loss)/Income Data:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total revenues

 

28,993,658

 

29,707,215

 

30,554,359

 

28,997,548

 

31,872,651

 

4,489,169

 

Operating costs and expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of revenues(2)

 

(30,348,342)

 

(27,884,395)

 

(27,513,497)

 

(22,319,315)

 

(23,102,492)

 

(3,253,918)

 

Selling, general and administrative(2)

 

(5,236,007)

 

(5,187,835)

 

(4,725,142)

 

(3,466,579)

 

(4,014,070)

 

(565,370)

 

Research and development(2)

 

(2,667,146)

 

(2,675,494)

 

(2,794,927)

 

(1,899,233)

 

(1,766,610)

 

(248,822)

 

Total operating costs and expenses

 

(38,251,495)

 

(35,747,724)

 

(35,033,566)

 

(27,685,127)

 

(28,883,172)

 

(4,068,110)

 

Operating (loss)/income

 

(9,257,837)

 

(6,040,509)

 

(4,479,207)

 

1,312,421

 

2,989,479

 

421,059

 

Total other expense, net

 

(967,050)

 

(943,368)

 

(1,532,781)

 

(1,346,197)

 

(956,878)

 

(134,773)

 

(Loss)/income before income taxes

 

(10,224,887)

 

(6,983,877)

 

(6,011,988)

 

(33,776)

 

2,032,601

 

286,286

 

Income tax expense

 

(51,852)

 

(23,276)

 

(96,545)

 

(84,000)

 

(80,047)

 

(11,274)

 

Net (loss)/income

 

(10,276,739)

 

(7,007,153)

 

(6,108,533)

 

(117,776)

 

1,952,554

 

275,012

 

Less: Net income attributed to non-

   controlling interests

 

46,590

 

31,208

 

61,051

 

18,436

 

27,085

 

3,815

 

Accretion of redeemable noncontrolling

   interests

 

(1,542)

 

(7,087)

 

(20,336)

 

 —

 

 —

 

 —

 

Net (loss)/income attributable to

   ordinary shareholders

 

(10,324,871)

 

(7,045,448)

 

(6,189,920)

 

(136,212)

 

1,925,469

 

271,197

 

Net (loss)/income per Class A and Class B

   ordinary share(1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

(2.02)

 

(1.36)

 

(1.11)

 

(0.02)

 

0.29

 

0.04

 

Diluted

 

(2.02)

 

(1.36)

 

(1.11)

 

(0.02)

 

0.28

 

0.04

 

Net (loss)/income per ADS:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

(14.14)

 

(9.52)

 

(7.77)

 

(0.16)

 

2.02

 

0.28

 

Diluted

 

(14.14)

 

(9.52)

 

(7.77)

 

(0.16)

 

1.98

 

0.28

 

Shares used in net (loss)/income per

   Class A and Class B ordinary share

   computation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

5,104,882,400

 

5,176,180,057

 

5,570,736,706

 

5,988,021,425

 

6,675,522,809

 

6,675,522,809

 

Diluted

 

5,104,882,400

 

5,176,180,057

 

5,570,736,706

 

5,988,021,425

 

6,823,628,066

 

6,823,628,066

 

 

 

(1)
Our ordinary shares are comprised of Class A ordinary shares and Class B ordinary shares. Each holder of Class A ordinary shares is entitled to one vote per share and each holder of Class B ordinary shares is entitled to ten votes per share on all matters submitted to them for a vote. Class B ordinary shares are convertible at any time by the holder thereof into Class A ordinary shares on a one-for-one basis. As holders of Class A and Class B ordinary shares have the same dividend rights and the same participation rights in our undistributed earnings, the basic and diluted loss per Class A ordinary share and Class B ordinary share are the same for all the periods presented during which there were two classes of ordinary shares.
(2)
Share-based compensation expenses were allocated in operating costs and expenses as follows:

14


 

 

 

 

For the year ended December 31,

 

 

 

2019

 

2020

 

2021

 

2022

 

2023

 

 

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

US$

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Selected Consolidated

   Statements of Comprehensive

   (Loss)/Income Data:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of revenues

 

171,053

 

201,970

 

173,263

 

147,045

 

133,160

 

18,755

 

Selling, general and administrative

 

675,278

 

851,416

 

718,377

 

425,209

 

314,788

 

44,337

 

Research and development

 

238,189

 

316,709

 

327,523

 

239,187

 

188,784

 

26,590

 

Total

 

1,084,520

 

1,370,095

 

1,219,163

 

811,441

 

636,732

 

89,682

 

 

 

 

As of December 31,

 

 

 

2019

 

2020

 

2021

 

2022

 

2023

 

 

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

US$

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Selected Consolidated Balance Sheet Data:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

5,934,742

 

10,915,282

 

2,997,212

 

7,097,938

 

4,434,525

 

624,590

 

Restricted cash

 

974,932

 

25,230

 

77,652

 

13,618

 

6,120

 

862

 

Short-term investments

 

4,579,313

 

3,358,174

 

1,348,255

 

818,265

 

941,738

 

132,641

 

Total current assets

 

20,272,838

 

22,290,424

 

11,524,117

 

13,785,635

 

12,635,229

 

1,779,635

 

Total assets(1)

 

44,792,550

 

48,185,429

 

42,472,165

 

46,048,349

 

44,594,374

 

6,280,986

 

Total current liabilities(l)(2)

 

20,173,166

 

24,854,578

 

22,476,470

 

28,130,018

 

22,341,534

 

3,146,739

 

Total liabilities(1)(2)

 

35,077,618

 

38,741,131

 

36,799,052

 

39,704,910

 

32,409,459

 

4,564,777

 

Total mezzanine equity

 

101,542

 

108,629

 

397,385

 

 

 

 

Total shareholders’ equity(2)

 

9,613,390

 

9,335,669

 

5,275,728

 

6,343,439

 

12,184,915

 

1,716,209

 

 

Notes:

(1)
We adopted ASU 2019-02, Improvements to Accounting for Costs of Films and License Agreements for Program Materials (“ASU 2019-02”) on January 1, 2020, using a prospective transition method, which includes the following major changes from previous legacy GAAP that are applicable to us:
The content distinction for capitalization of production costs of an episodic television series and production costs of films is removed;
We are required to test films and license agreements for program material for impairment at a film group level when the film or license agreements are predominantly monetized with other films and license agreements;
We shall assess estimates of the use of a film in a film group and account for such changes prospectively; and
Cash outflows for the costs incurred to obtain rights for both produced and licensed content are required to be reported as operating cash outflows in the statement of cash flows.

For further information, see Notes 2, 7 and 9 to our consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this annual report.

(2)
We adopted ASU 2020-06, Accounting for Convertible Instruments and Contracts in an Entity’s Own Equity (“ASU 2020-06”) on January 1, 2022, using a modified retrospective transition method. Following the adoption of ASU 2020-06, all of the proceeds received from the issuance of the existing notes have been recorded as a liability on the balance sheet in accordance with ASC 470-20. The difference between the principal amount of each of the existing notes and net proceeds from the issuance is considered debt discount and is amortized at their respective effective interest rates to accrete the carrying value of the existing notes to its face value on the respective put dates of the existing notes. For further information, see Note 14 to our consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this annual report.

15


 

The following table presents our selected consolidated cash flows data for the years indicated.

 

 

 

For the year ended December 31,

 

 

 

2019

 

2020

 

2021

 

2022

 

2023

 

 

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

US$

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Selected Consolidated Cash Flows Data:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash provided by/(used for) operating activities

 

3,906,227

 

(5,411,071)

 

(5,951,847)

 

(70,569)

 

3,351,600

 

472,063

 

Net cash (used for)/provided by investing activities

 

(11,749,571)

 

159,296

 

1,262,350

 

265,980

 

(1,739,515)

 

(245,005)

 

Net cash provided by/(used for) financing activities

 

7,880,306

 

9,373,906

 

(2,959,455)

 

4,468,863

 

(4,285,072)

 

(603,541)

 

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

 

112,265

 

(91,293)

 

(216,696)

 

122,418

 

92,039

 

12,964

 

Net increase/(decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

 

149,227

 

4,030,838

 

(7,865,648)

 

4,786,692

 

(2,580,948)

 

(363,519)

 

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at the beginning of the year

 

6,760,447

 

6,909,674

 

10,940,512

 

3,074,864

 

7,861,556

 

1,107,277

 

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at the end of the year

 

6,909,674

 

10,940,512

 

3,074,864

 

7,861,556

 

5,280,608

 

743,758

 

 

Financial Information Related to the Variable Interest Entities

The following tables present the condensed consolidating schedule of financial information for iQIYI, Inc., who is considered as the primary beneficiary of the variable interest entities under U.S. GAAP, the variable interest entities and other entities as of the dates presented.

“iQIYI, Inc.” is our holding company in the Cayman Islands, and is considered as the primary beneficiary of the variable interest entities including, but not limited to, Beijing iQIYI, Shanghai iQIYI and Shanghai Zhong Yuan;
Variable interest entities and their subsidiaries” refer to the sum of Beijing iQIYI, Shanghai iQIYI, Shanghai Zhong Yuan, iQIYI Pictures, Intelligent Entertainment and their respective subsidiaries;
“WFOEs” refer to Beijing QIYI Century and iQIYI New Media;
“Subsidiaries (other than WFOEs)” refer to the sum of our wholly-owned subsidiaries other than the WFOEs, which mainly include but not limited to Tianjin iQIYI Network & Technology Co., Ltd., Shanghai iQIYI Network & Technology Co., Ltd., Beijing iQIYI Interactive Technology Co., Ltd., Shanghai iQIYI New Media Science & Technology Co., Ltd., and Hainan iQIYI Information Technology Co., Ltd.

16


 

Selected Condensed Consolidating Statements of Comprehensive (Loss)/Income Information

 

 

 

For the year ended December 31,

 

 

2021

 

2022

 

 

iQIYI, Inc.

 

Variable

interest

entities

and their

subsidiaries

 

WFOEs

 

Subsidiaries

(other than

the WFOEs)

 

Eliminating

adjustments

 

Consolidated

totals

 

iQIYI, Inc.

 

Variable

interest

entities

and their

subsidiaries

 

WFOEs

 

Subsidiaries

(other than

the WFOEs)

 

Eliminating

adjustments

 

Consolidated

totals

 

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Total revenues

 

 

28,947,480

 

6,925,975

 

5,185,964

 

(10,505,060)

 

30,554,359

 

 

26,966,013

 

6,069,870

 

4,889,426

 

(8,927,761)

 

28,997,548

 

Third-party revenues

 

 

28,739,929

 

341,077

 

1,473,353

 

 

30,554,359

 

 

26,781,187

 

6,305

 

2,210,056

 

 

28,997,548

 

Inter-Group revenues

 

 

207,551

 

6,584,898

 

3,712,611

 

(10,505,060)

 

 

 

184,826

 

6,063,565

 

2,679,370

 

(8,927,761)

 

 

Cost of revenues

 

 

(25,916,423)

 

(5,125,028)

 

(6,480,036)

 

10,007,990

 

(27,513,497)

 

 

(22,989,890)

 

(2,872,236)

 

(4,891,235)

 

8,434,046

 

(22,319,315)

 

Third-party cost of revenues

 

 

(17,636,223)

 

(5,071,992)

 

(4,805,282)

 

 

(27,513,497)

 

 

(15,746,144)

 

(2,841,980)

 

(3,731,191)

 

 

(22,319,315)

 

Inter-Group cost of revenues

 

 

(8,280,200)

 

(53,036)

 

(1,674,754)

 

10,007,990

 

 

 

(7,243,746)

 

(30,256)

 

(1,160,044)

 

8,434,046

 

 

Share of (loss)/income of variable interest

   entities and their subsidiaries

 

(1,733,264)

 

 

 

 

1,733,264

 

 

329,881

 

 

 

 

(329,881)

 

 

Net (loss)/income

 

(6,169,584)

 

(1,688,711)

 

(47,106)

 

(3,473,422)

 

5,270,290

 

(6,108,533)

 

(136,212)

 

334,414

 

1,923,683

 

(2,217,799)

 

(21,862)

 

(117,776)

 

 

 

 

For the year ended December 31,

 

 

2023

 

 

iQIYI, Inc.

 

Variable interest

entities and their

subsidiaries

 

WFOEs

 

Subsidiaries

(other than the

WFOEs)

 

Eliminating

adjustments

 

Consolidated

totals

 

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

 

(in thousands)

 

 

 

Total revenues

 

 

29,783,468

 

6,028,092

 

6,014,245

 

(9,953,154)

 

31,872,651

 

Third-party revenues

 

 

29,432,773

 

7,002

 

2,432,876

 

 

31,872,651

 

Inter-Group revenues

 

 

350,695

 

6,021,090

 

3,581,369

 

(9,953,154)

 

 

Cost of revenues

 

 

(24,439,915)

 

(2,865,839)

 

(5,081,660)

 

9,284,922

 

(23,102,492)

 

Third-party cost of revenues

 

 

(16,776,185)

 

(2,827,757)

 

(3,498,550)

 

 

(23,102,492)

 

Inter-Group cost of revenues

 

 

(7,663,730)

 

(38,082)

 

(1,583,110)

 

9,284,922

 

 

Share of income/(loss) of variable interest entities

   and their subsidiaries

 

880,832

 

 

 

 

(880,832)

 

 

Net income/(loss)

 

1,925,469

 

824,015

 

2,267,546

 

(776,119)

 

(2,288,357)

 

1,952,554

 

 

17


 

Selected Condensed Consolidating Balance Sheets Information

 

 

 

As of December 31,

 

 

2022

 

2023

 

 

iQIYI, Inc.

 

Variable interest entities and their subsidiaries

 

WFOEs

 

Subsidiaries (other than the WFOEs)

 

Eliminating adjustments

 

Consolidated totals

 

iQIYI, Inc.

 

Variable interest entities and their subsidiaries

 

WFOEs

 

Subsidiaries (other than the WFOEs)

 

Eliminating adjustments

 

Consolidated totals

 

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

RMB

 

 

(in thousands)

 

ASSETS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

4,334,968

 

1,882,877

 

56,953

 

823,140

 

 

7,097,938

 

401,002

 

2,832,913

 

606,915

 

593,695

 

 

4,434,525

 

Short-term investments

 

 

529,411

 

265,106

 

23,748

 

 

818,265

 

 

333,191

 

608,547

 

 

 

941,738

 

Accounts receivable, net

 

 

2,316,961

 

1,460

 

84,254

 

 

2,402,675

 

 

2,061,497

 

798

 

106,747

 

 

2,169,042

 

Licensed copyrights, net

 

 

527,792

 

125,488

 

92,778

 

 

746,058

 

 

361,225

 

108,181

 

113,115

 

 

582,521

 

Prepayments and other assets

 

20,751

 

2,366,445

 

121,448

 

212,055

 

 

2,720,699

 

4,725

 

2,603,639

 

55,701

 

1,843,338

 

 

4,507,403

 

Total current assets

 

4,355,719

 

7,623,486

 

570,455

 

1,235,975

 

 

13,785,635

 

405,727

 

8,192,465

 

1,380,142

 

2,656,895

 

 

12,635,229

 

Non-current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fixed assets, net

 

 

649,690

 

429,553

 

25,478

 

 

1,104,721

 

 

600,586

 

228,678

 

34,549

 

 

863,813

 

Long-term investments

 

 

1,941,014

 

 

512,630

 

 

 

2,453,644

 

 

1,712,915

 

 

547,870

 

 

2,260,785

 

Investment in subsidiaries and contractual interests

   in VIEs

 

 

 

 

34,685

 

(34,685)

 

 

 

 

 

35,486

 

(35,486)

 

 

Licensed copyrights, net

 

 

1,952,497

 

2,872,467

 

2,015,665

 

 

6,840,629

 

 

1,951,329

 

2,758,685

 

2,256,494

 

 

6,966,508

 

Produced content, net

 

 

12,534,227

 

20,755

 

446,922

 

 

13,001,904

 

 

12,349,284

 

487,767

 

539,934

 

 

13,376,985

 

Operating lease assets

 

 

578,937

 

 

95,034

 

 

673,971

 

 

545,894

 

1,400

 

136,603

 

 

683,897

 

Goodwill

 

 

2,350,790

 

1,475,357

 

 

 

3,826,147

 

 

2,345,466

 

1,475,357

 

 

 

3,820,823

 

Others

 

 

712,697

 

382,457

 

3,266,544

 

 

4,361,698

 

 

745,107

 

334,591

 

2,906,636

 

 

3,986,334

 

Total non-current assets

 

 

20,719,852

 

5,180,589

 

6,396,958

 

(34,685)

 

32,262,714

 

 

20,250,581

 

5,286,478

 

6,457,572

 

(35,486)

 

31,959,145

 

Amounts due from the entities within our company(1)

 

19,925,446

 

 

71,515

 

  —

 

(19,996,961)

 

 

22,653,118

 

 

1,118,471

 

 

(23,771,589)

 

 

Total assets

 

24,281,165

 

28,343,338

 

5,822,559

 

7,632,933

 

(20,031,646)

 

46,048,349

 

23,058,845

 

28,443,046

 

7,785,091

 

9,114,467

 

(23,807,075)

 

44,594,374

 

LIABILITIES

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Third-party liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts and notes payable

 

 

3,315,976

 

1,282,258

 

1,395,182

 

 

5,993,416

 

 

3,197,634

 

1,110,027

 

1,363,413

 

 

5,671,074

 

Customer advances and deferred revenue

 

 

4,125,789

 

5,009

 

101,312

 

 

4,232,110

 

 

4,234,384

 

2,848

 

135,976

 

 

4,373,208

 

Short-term loans

 

 

2,381,846

 

391,670

 

574,122

 

 

3,347,638

 

 

2,292,845

 

460,267

 

818,525

 

 

3,571,637

 

Convertible senior notes, current portion

 

8,305,447

 

 

 

 

 

8,305,447

 

2,802,442

 

 

 

 

 

2,802,442

 

Operating lease liabilities, current portion

 

 

95,603

 

 

7,914

 

 

103,517

 

 

83,575

 

666

 

16,642

 

 

100,883

 

Accrued expenses and other liabilities

 

156,807

 

2,315,572

 

2,758,269

 

917,242

 

 

6,147,890

 

25,891

 

2,641,951

 

2,296,146

 

858,302

 

 

5,822,290

 

Total current liabilities

 

8,462,254

 

12,234,786

 

4,437,206

 

2,995,772

 

 

28,130,018

 

2,828,333

 

12,450,389

 

3,869,954

 

3,192,858

 

 

22,341,534