Company Quick10K Filing
Iteris
Price5.95 EPS-0
Shares40 P/E-39
MCap241 P/FCF-131
Net Debt-9 EBIT-6
TEV231 TEV/EBIT-38
TTM 2019-09-30, in MM, except price, ratios
10-K 2020-03-31 Filed 2020-06-09
10-Q 2019-12-31 Filed 2020-02-04
10-Q 2019-09-30 Filed 2019-11-07
10-Q 2019-06-30 Filed 2019-08-08
10-K 2019-03-31 Filed 2019-06-06
10-Q 2018-12-31 Filed 2019-02-07
10-Q 2018-09-30 Filed 2018-11-06
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10-K 2018-03-31 Filed 2018-06-07
10-Q 2017-12-31 Filed 2018-02-07
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10-K 2017-03-31 Filed 2017-06-13
10-Q 2016-12-31 Filed 2017-02-09
10-Q 2016-09-30 Filed 2016-11-14
10-Q 2016-06-30 Filed 2016-08-10
10-K 2016-03-31 Filed 2016-06-20
10-Q 2015-12-31 Filed 2016-02-11
10-Q 2015-09-30 Filed 2015-11-10
10-Q 2015-06-30 Filed 2015-08-12
10-K 2015-03-31 Filed 2015-06-18
10-Q 2014-12-31 Filed 2015-02-05
10-Q 2014-09-30 Filed 2014-11-12
10-Q 2014-06-30 Filed 2014-10-16
10-K 2014-03-31 Filed 2014-09-04
10-Q 2013-12-31 Filed 2014-02-10
10-Q 2013-09-30 Filed 2013-10-30
10-Q 2013-06-30 Filed 2013-08-01
10-K 2013-03-31 Filed 2013-06-07
10-Q 2012-12-31 Filed 2013-02-11
10-Q 2012-06-30 Filed 2012-08-10
10-K 2012-03-31 Filed 2012-06-11
10-Q 2011-12-31 Filed 2012-02-09
10-Q 2011-09-30 Filed 2011-11-02
10-Q 2011-06-30 Filed 2011-08-05
10-K 2011-03-31 Filed 2011-06-01
10-Q 2010-12-31 Filed 2011-02-14
10-Q 2010-09-30 Filed 2010-11-01
10-Q 2010-06-30 Filed 2010-07-28
10-K 2010-03-31 Filed 2010-05-21
10-Q 2009-12-31 Filed 2010-02-02
8-K 2020-06-18
8-K 2020-06-09
8-K 2020-05-04
8-K 2020-04-30
8-K 2020-02-11
8-K 2020-02-04
8-K 2020-01-21
8-K 2019-12-06
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8-K 2019-06-13
8-K 2019-06-10
8-K 2019-06-03
8-K 2019-02-06
8-K 2018-11-06
8-K 2018-10-11
8-K 2018-09-28
8-K 2018-09-27
8-K 2018-08-07
8-K 2018-06-07
8-K 2018-05-11
8-K 2018-03-29
8-K 2018-02-07

ITI 10K Annual Report

Part I
Item 1. Business
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments
Item 2. Properties
Item 3. Legal Proceedings
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Part II
Item 5. Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
Item 6. Selected Financial Data
Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure
Item 9A. Controls and Procedures
Item 9B. Other Information
Part III
Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance
Item 11. Executive Compensation
Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters
Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence
Item 14. Principal Accounting Fees and Services
Part IV
Item 15. Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules
Item 16. Form 10 - K Summary
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Iteris Earnings 2020-03-31

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow
1058463422102012201420172020
Assets, Equity
302317104-22012201420172020
Rev, G Profit, Net Income
3020100-10-202012201420172020
Ops, Inv, Fin

10-K 1 a2241797z10-k.htm 10-K

Use these links to rapidly review the document
TABLE OF CONTENTS
ITEM 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-K



(Mark One)    

ý

 

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended March 31, 2020

OR

o

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                                  to                                 

Commission file number 001-08762

LOGO

ITERIS, INC.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)

Delaware
(State or Other Jurisdiction of
Incorporation or Organization)
  95-2588496
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

1700 Carnegie Ave., Santa Ana, California
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)

 

92705
(Zip Code)

Registrant's Telephone Number, Including Area Code: (949) 270-9400

         Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class   Trading Symbol(s)   Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.10 par value   ITI   The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC

         Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act. None

         Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the "Securities Act"). Yes o    No ý

         Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the "Exchange Act"). Yes o    No ý

         Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ý    No o

         Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes ý    No o

         Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company" and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.:

Large accelerated filer o   Accelerated filer ý   Non-accelerated filer o   Smaller reporting company ý

Emerging growth company o

         Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management's assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report. o

         Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Exchange Act Rule 12b-2). Yes o    No ý

         The aggregate market value of the registrant's common stock held by nonaffiliates of the registrant as of September 30, 2019 was approximately $233,300,000. For the purposes of this calculation, shares owned by officers, directors and 10% stockholders known to the registrant have been deemed to be owned by affiliates. This determination of affiliate status is not necessarily a conclusive determination for other purposes. As of May 29, 2020, there were 40,732,994 shares of our common stock outstanding.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

         Part III of this report incorporates by reference certain information from the registrant's definitive proxy statement for the 2020 Annual Meeting of Stockholders, which will be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

   


Table of Contents


ITERIS, INC.
ANNUAL REPORT ON FORM 10-K
FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDED MARCH 31, 2020
TABLE OF CONTENTS

 
   
   
 

PART I

       

ITEM 1.

 

BUSINESS

    4  

ITEM 1A.

 

RISK FACTORS

    12  

ITEM 1B.

 

UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

    26  

ITEM 2.

 

PROPERTIES

    26  

ITEM 3.

 

LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

    26  

ITEM 4.

 

MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

    26  

PART II

       

ITEM 5.

 

MARKET FOR REGISTRANT'S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

    27  

ITEM 6.

 

SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

    27  

ITEM 7.

 

MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

    28  

ITEM 7A.

 

QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

    39  

ITEM 8.

 

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

    40  

ITEM 9.

 

CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE

    80  

ITEM 9A.

 

CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

    80  

ITEM 9B.

 

OTHER INFORMATION

    84  

PART III

       

ITEM 10.

 

DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE

    84  

ITEM 11.

 

EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION

    84  

ITEM 12.

 

SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS

    84  

ITEM 13.

 

CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS, AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE

    84  

ITEM 14.

 

PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTING FEES AND SERVICES

    84  

PART IV

       

ITEM 15.

 

EXHIBITS, FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES

    85  

        Unless otherwise indicated in this report, the "Company," "we," "us" and "our" refer to Iteris, Inc. and its wholly-owned subsidiaries, ClearAg, Inc. and Albeck Gerken, Inc., CheckPoint™, ClearGuide™, ClearFleet™, CVIEW-Plus™, Edge®, EdgeConnect™, inspect™, iPeMS®, Iteris®, Iteris SPM™, Next®, P10™, P100™, P-Series™, PedTrax®, Pegasus™, Reverse 511®, SmartCycle®, SmartCycle Bike Indicator™, SmartSpan®, SPM™ (logo), UCRLink™, Vantage®, VantageLive!™, Vantage Next®, VantagePegasus®, VantageRadius®, Vantage Vector®, Velocity® and VersiCam™ are among, but not all of, the trademarks of Iteris, Inc. Any other trademarks or trade names mentioned herein are the property of their respective owners.

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Cautionary Statement

        This report, including the following discussion and analysis, contains forward-looking statements (within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995) that are based on our current expectations, estimates and projections about our business and our industry, and reflect management's beliefs and certain assumptions made by us based upon information available to us as of the date of this report. When used in this report and the information incorporated herein by reference, the words "expect(s)," "feel(s)," "believe(s)," "intend(s)," "plan(s)," "should," "will," "may," "anticipate(s)," "estimate(s)," "could," "should," and similar expressions or variations of these words are intended to identify forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements regarding our anticipated growth, sales, revenue, expenses, profitability, capital needs, backlog, manufacturing capabilities, the market acceptance of our products, impact of planned acquisitions and dispositions, the Company's strategy for growth, competition, the impact of the outbreak of a novel strain of coronavirus, COVID-19, the impact of any current or future litigation, the impact of recent accounting pronouncements, the applications for and acceptance of our products and services, and the status of our facilities and product development. These statements are not guarantees of future performance and are subject to certain risks and uncertainties that could cause our actual results to differ materially from those projected. You should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements that speak only as of the date hereof. We encourage you to carefully review and consider the various disclosures made by us which describe certain factors which could affect our business, including in "Risk Factors" set forth in Part I, Item 1A of this report, before deciding to invest in our company or to maintain or increase your investment. We undertake no obligation to revise or update publicly any forward-looking statement for any reason, including to reflect events or circumstances after the date hereof or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events.

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PART I

ITEM 1.    BUSINESS

Overview

        Iteris, Inc. (referred to collectively with its wholly-owned subsidiaries, ClearAg, Inc. and Albeck Gerken, Inc. ("AGI"), in this report as "Iteris," the "Company," "we," "our," and "us") is a provider of essential applied informatics that enable smart transportation. Municipalities, government agencies and other businesses use our solutions to make roads safer and travel more efficient.

        As a pioneer in intelligent transportation systems ("ITS") technology for more than two decades, our intellectual property, products and software-as-a-service ("SaaS") offerings offer a comprehensive range of ITS solutions to our customers throughout the U.S. and internationally.

        Prior to the sale of our Agriculture and Weather Analytics segment in May 2020, we combined our intellectual property with enhanced atmospheric, land surface and agronomic modeling techniques to offer smart content and analytic solutions that provided analytical support to large enterprises in the agriculture industry, such as seed and crop protection companies, integrated food companies, and agricultural equipment manufacturers and service providers.

        We believe our products, solutions and services improve and safely optimize mobility within our communities, while minimizing environmental impact on our roadways.

        We continue to make significant investments to leverage our existing technologies and further expand both our advanced detection sensors and performance analytics systems in the transportation infrastructure market and we are always exploring strategic alternatives intended to optimize the value of all of our Company.

        Iteris was incorporated in Delaware in 1987 and has operated in its current form since 2004. Our principal executive offices are located at 1700 Carnegie Avenue, Santa Ana, California 92705, and our telephone number at that location is (949) 270-9400. Our website address is www.iteris.com. The inclusion of our website address in this report does not include or incorporate by reference into this report any information on, or accessible through, our website. Our annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and current reports on Form 8-K, together with amendments to these reports, are available on the "Investor Relations" section of our website, free of charge, as soon as reasonably practicable after such material is electronically filed with, or furnished to, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC").

Recent Developments

Public Offering and Acquisition of Albeck Gerken, Inc.

        On June 13, 2019, the Company completed an underwritten public offering of 6,182,797 shares of the Company's common stock for net proceeds to the Company of approximately $26.8 million, after deducting underwriting discounts and estimated offering expenses payable by the Company. The Company used approximately $6.2 million of the net proceeds of this offering to pay the cash portion of the purchase price in the acquisition of AGI, a privately-held professional transportation engineering services firm headquartered in Tampa, Florida (see Note 11, "Acquisition" of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, included in Part II, Item 8 of this report for further details on the acquisition of AGI), and plans to use the balance of the net proceeds for general corporate purposes and possibly for other future acquisitions.

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Coronavirus

        In March 2020, a global pandemic was declared by the World Health Organization related to the rapidly growing outbreak of a novel strain of coronavirus, COVID-19 ("the Pandemic"). The Pandemic is having an unprecedented impact on the U.S. economy as federal, state and local governments react to this public health crisis, such as travel restrictions, quarantines and "stay-at-home" orders. The uncertainties caused by these events and actions include, but are not limited to, the adverse effect of the Pandemic on the economy, our vendors, our employees and customers and customer sentiment in general. Continued impacts of the Pandemic have materially adversely impacted global economic conditions, and could impact our business, results of operations and financial condition. The extent of the impact of the Pandemic on our business and financial results and volatility of our stock price will depend largely on future developments, including the duration of the spread of the outbreak, the impact on capital and financial markets and the related impact on the financial circumstances of our customers, all of which are highly uncertain and cannot be reasonably estimated as of this report.

Sale of Segment

        On May 5, 2020, pursuant to an Asset Purchase Agreement (the "Purchase Agreement") entered in on May 2, 2020, the Company sold the assets of its Agriculture and Weather Analytics segment, composed of its ClearAg and ClearPath Weather product lines, to DTN, LLC ("DTN"), an operating company of TBG AG, a Swiss-based holding company. See Note 14 "Subsequent Events" of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, included in Part II, Item 8 of this report for further details on the sale of the Agriculture and Weather Analytics segment.

Restructuring

        On April 30, 2020, in connection with the sale of the Agriculture and Weather Analytics segment, the Board of Directors of Iteris, Inc. approved a plan of restructuring that will involve a charge in the range of approximately $1.7 million to $1.9 million in the fiscal quarter ending June 30, 2020, of which approximately 60% relates to the sale of the Agriculture and Weather Analytics segment. The restructuring charge includes separation costs for certain employees who will not transition to DTN and an additional 10 to 15 positions that are being eliminated to right-size the cost structure of the Company. The restructuring is expected to result in a cash expenditure of approximately $1.7 million to $1.9 million. The annualized savings from the restructuring charges, excluding those related to the sale, are expected to be in the range of $1.2 million to $1.3 million. The amounts stated above are preliminary and subject to change as the Company finalizes its assessment of the charges and savings associated with the above items.

Products and Services

        Our reportable segments consist of: Roadway Sensors, Transportation Systems, and, prior to May 5, 2020, Agriculture and Weather Analytics.

        The Roadway Sensors segment provides various advanced detection sensors and systems for traffic intersection management, communication systems and roadway traffic data collection applications. The Roadway Sensors product line uses advanced image processing technology and other techniques to capture and analyze sensor data through sophisticated algorithms, enabling vehicle, bicycle and pedestrian detection, as well as the transmission of both video images and data using various communication technologies. The Transportation Systems segment provides traffic engineering and consulting services, as well as managed services, performance measurement, traffic analytics, traveler information and commercial vehicle operating software solutions. The Agriculture and Weather Analytics segment includes ClearPath Weather, our road maintenance applications, and ClearAg, our digital agriculture platform.

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        See Note 12 "Business Segments, Significant Customer and Geographic Information" of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, included in Part II, Item 8 of this report for further details on our reporting segments. See Note 14 "Subsequent Events" of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, included in Part II, Item 8 of this report for further details on the sale of the Agriculture and Weather Analytics segment.

    Roadway Sensors

        Our Roadway Sensors products include, among others, Vantage, VantageLive!, Vantage Next®, VantagePegasus, VantageRadius, Vantage Vector, Velocity, SmartCycle, SmartCycle Bike Indicator, SmartSpan, VersiCam, PedTrax and P-Series products.

    Our Vantage detection systems detect vehicle presence at intersections, as well as vehicle count, speed and other traffic data used in traffic management systems. Vantage detection systems typically include up to four of our advanced cameras or radar devices. Our Vantage systems give traffic managers the tools to mitigate roadway congestion by visualizing and analyzing traffic patterns allowing them to modify traffic signal timing to improve traffic flow. Our various software components complement our Vantage detection systems by providing integrated platforms to manage and view detection assets remotely over a network connection, as well as mobile application for viewing anywhere.

    Our Vantage Vector video/radar hybrid product is an all-in-one detection sensor with a wide range of capabilities, including stop bar and advanced zone detection, which enable advanced safety and adaptive control applications. Vantage Vector includes all of the benefits of Iteris video detection, including high accuracy, high-availability remote viewing of video images, bicycle and pedestrian detection capability, and dilemma-zone detection.

    VantageLive! is a cloud-based platform that allows users to collect, process and analyze advanced intersection data, as well as to view and understand intersection activity.

    All of our Vantage systems are available with SmartCycle capability, which can effectively differentiate between bicycles and other vehicles with a single video detection camera, enabling more efficient signalized intersections, improved traffic throughput and increased bicyclist safety. Agencies using bicycle timing can now benefit from bicycle-specific virtual detection zones that can be placed anywhere within the approaching traffic lanes, eliminating the need for separate bicycle-only detection systems.

    The SmartCycle Bike Indicator, which leverages the SmartCycle bicycle detection algorithm, is a device that mounts onto traffic signals and illuminates when cyclists waiting at an intersection have been detected, allowing cyclists to avoid interacting with vehicle traffic to push pole-mounted buttons.

    Our Vantage systems are also available with the PedTrax capability, which provides bi-directional counting and speed tracking of pedestrians within the crosswalk to help improve signal timing efficiency, as well as providing an additional data stream to existing vehicle and bicycle counts.

    VersiCam, our integrated camera and processor video detection system, is a cost-efficient video detection system for smaller intersections that require only a few detection points.

        We believe that future growth domestically and internationally, will be dependent in part on the continued adoption of above-ground video detection technologies, instead of traditional in-pavement loop technology, to manage traffic.

        In select territories, we also sell certain complementary original equipment manufacturer ("OEM") products for the traffic intersection market, which include, among other things, traffic signal controllers and traffic signal equipment cabinets.

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    Transportation Systems

        Our Transportation Systems segment includes engineering and consulting services, performance measurement and traffic analytics solutions, as well as the development of transportation management and traveler information systems for the ITS industry. Our Transportation Systems services include planning, design, development and implementation of software and hardware-based ITS systems that integrate sensors, video surveillance, computers and advanced communications equipment to enable public agencies to monitor, control and direct traffic flow, assist in the quick dispatch of emergency crews, and distribute real-time information about traffic conditions. Our services include planning, design, implementation, operation and management of surface transportation infrastructure systems. We perform analysis and study goods movement, commercial vehicle operations, provide travel demand forecasting and systems engineering, and identify mitigation measures to reduce traffic congestion. The Transportation Systems segment also includes the operations of AGI beginning July 2, 2019 (see Note 11 "Acquisition" of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, included in Part II, Item 8 of this report for further details on the acquisition of AGI).

        The Transportations Systems segment also includes our performance measurement and traffic analytics solutions, Iteris Signal Performance Measures (SPM), Iteris ClearGuide, and iPeMS—a state-of-the-art analytics software suite that provides prescriptive data insights for multiple applications, including to help determine current and future traffic patterns, permitting the effective performance analysis and management of traffic infrastructure resources. Our analytics suite of products utilizes a wide range of data resources and analytical techniques to determine current and future traffic patterns, permitting the effective performance analysis and management of traffic infrastructure resources. This information can then be analyzed by traffic professionals to measure how a transportation network is performing and to identify potential areas of improvement. These applications are also capable of providing users with predictive traffic analytics, and easy-to-use visualization and animation features based on historical traffic conditions.

        This segment also includes our advanced traveler information system solutions and services, as well as our commercial vehicle operations and vehicle safety compliance platforms, known as "ClearFleet", "CVIEW-Plus," "CheckPoint," "UCRLink" and "inspect." These software applications support state-based commercial vehicle operations by storing and distributing intrastate and interstate commercial vehicle information for local, state and federal agencies' roadside and enforcement operations.

        Our Transportation Systems segment is largely dependent upon state and local governmental funding, and to a lesser extent federal governmental funding. In addition, various other funding mechanisms exist to support transportation infrastructure and related projects, including, but not limited to, bonds, dedicated sales and gas tax measures, and other alternative funding sources. We believe the overall expansion of our Transportation Systems segment in the future will continue to be dependent at least in part on the federal and local government's use of funds, and as in the past, our Transportation Systems business has been, at times, adversely affected by governmental budgetary issues. Delays in the allocation of funds may prolong uncertainty regarding the allotment of transportation funds in federal, state and local budgets.

    Agriculture and Weather Analytics

        The Agriculture and Weather Analytics segment, which we sold in May 2020, consisted of ClearPath Weather, a road maintenance application, and ClearAg, a digital agriculture platform.

        ClearPath Weather is a web-based solution, which includes a suite of tools that apply data assimilation and modeling technologies to assess weather conditions for customizable route/site weather and pavement forecasting, and render winter road maintenance recommendations for state agencies, municipalities and commercial companies to improve roadway maintenance decisions.

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        Beginning in late 2013, we undertook the development of "ClearAg solutions" for the digital agricultural market. These new products utilize and expand the intellectual property, technology base and product suites of our ClearPath Weather solutions. For ClearAg solutions, we developed additional scientific and agronomic models and forecasts, expanded our computing infrastructure for additional big data acquisition and processing, and designed distributed delivery vehicles and products.

        The ClearAg solutions combine weather and agronomic data with proprietary land-surface modeling and analytics to solve complex agricultural problems and to increase the efficiency and sustainability of farmlands. The ClearAg Platform delivers validation tools for ag inputs, irrigation, field readiness, and harvest solutions giving growers, researchers and other agribusinesses access to a comprehensive database of historical, real-time and forecasted weather, soil and plant health information, as well as other information on crop growth. Companies use the ClearAg Platform to simulate field conditions and determine how new products may perform on a crop given certain weather and soil conditions. Growers and agribusinesses leverage the ClearAg Platform to determine the best times to plant, spray, fertilize, irrigate, and harvest crops.

        ClearAg solutions were offered on a subscription basis, with customers consuming ClearAg through visualization component application programming interfaces ("APIs"). These APIs facilitate the integration of ClearAg's analytics and insights with the offerings of large enterprise customers in the agriculture market.

        On May 5, 2020, pursuant to a Purchase Agreement the Company sold the assets of its Agriculture and Weather Analytics segment, composed of its ClearAg and ClearPath Weather product lines, to DTN, an operating company of TBG AG, a Swiss-based holding company. As a result of the sale, we no longer operate in the Agriculture and Weather Analytics segment. See Note 14 "Subsequent Events" of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, included in Part II, Item 8 of this report for further details on the sale of the Agriculture and Weather Analytics segment.

    Sales and Marketing

        We currently sell our Roadway Sensors products through both direct and indirect sales channels. In the territories we sell through direct channels, we use a combination of our own sales personnel and outside sales organizations to sell, oversee installations, and support our products. Our indirect sales channel is comprised of a network of independent distributors in the U.S. and select international locations, which sell integrated systems and related products to the traffic management market. In the fourth quarter of our fiscal year ended March 31, 2018 ("Fiscal 2018"), we entered into a distribution agreement to expand our northern European sales coverage in the U.K. and Ireland. Our independent distributors are trained in, and primarily responsible for, sales, installation, set-up and support of our products, maintain an inventory of demonstration traffic products from various manufacturers, and sell directly to government agencies and installation contractors. These distributors often have long-term arrangements with local government agencies in their respective territories for the supply of various products for the construction and renovation of traffic intersections, and are generally well-known suppliers of various high-quality ITS products to the traffic management market. We periodically hold technical training classes for our distributors and end users, and maintain a full-time staff of customer support technicians throughout the U.S. to provide technical assistance when needed. When appropriate, we have the ability to modify or make changes to our distributor network to accommodate the needs of the market and our customer base.

        We market and sell our Transportation Systems services and solutions and, prior to May 2020, our ClearPath Weather services, primarily to government agencies pursuant to negotiated contracts that involve competitive bidding and specific qualification requirements. Most of our contracts are with federal, state and local municipal customers, and generally provide for cancellation or renegotiation at the option of the customer upon reasonable notice and fees paid for modification. We generally use

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selected members of our engineering, science and information technology teams on a regional basis to serve in sales and business development functions. Our Transportation Systems contracts generally involve long lead times and require extensive specification development, evaluation and price negotiations.

        ClearAg solutions were marketed and sold on a subscription basis, under a SaaS license, to seed and crop protection companies, agriculture equipment manufacturers, irrigation solution providers, allied providers and other agriculture service providers.

        We have historically had a diverse customer base. For the fiscal year ended March 31, 2020 ("Fiscal 2020"), no individual customer represented greater than 10% of our total revenues. For the fiscal year ended March 31, 2019 ("Fiscal 2019) and Fiscal 2018, one individual customer represented greater than 10% of our total revenues. As of March 31, 2020 and 2019, no individual customer accounted for more than 10% of our total trade accounts receivable.

Manufacturing and Materials

        We use contract manufacturers to build subassemblies that are used in our Roadway Sensors products. Additionally, we procure certain components for our Roadway Sensors products from qualified suppliers, both in the U.S. and internationally, and generally use multi-sourcing strategies when technically and economically feasible to mitigate supply risk. These subassemblies and components are typically delivered to our Santa Ana, California facility where they go through final assembly and testing prior to shipment to our customers. Our key suppliers include Veris Manufacturing and MoboTrex, Inc. Our manufacturing activities are conducted in approximately 9,000 square feet of space at our Santa Ana, California facility. Production volume at our subcontractors is based upon quarterly forecasts that we generally adjust on a monthly basis to control inventory levels. Typically, we do not manufacture any of the hardware used in the transportation management and traveler information systems that we design and implement. Our production facility maintains a Quality Management System that is currently certified as conforming to all requirements of the ISO 9001:2015 international standard.

Customer Support and Services

        We provide warranty service and support for our products, as well as follow-up service and support for which we charge separately. Such service revenue was not a material portion of our total revenues for Fiscal 2020, Fiscal 2019 and Fiscal 2018. We believe customer support is a key competitive factor for our Company.

        Our ClearAg solutions were primarily sold as annual subscription services with recurring monthly revenue. As an element of these services, we provided full-time support and customer service for such ClearAg solutions.

Backlog

        Our total backlog of unfulfilled firm orders was approximately $67.2 million at March 31, 2020, which included $53.4 million related to Transportation Systems, $8.7 million related to Roadway Sensors, and $5.2 million related to Agriculture and Weather Analytics. Typically, we recognize approximately more than 70% of our Transportation Systems backlog as of the end of a fiscal year in the subsequent fiscal year, and currently expect that trend to continue for the near future. Substantially all of the backlog for Roadway Sensors at March 31, 2020 is expected to be recognized as revenue in the fiscal year ending March 31, 2021 ("Fiscal 2021") and only a small portion of the backlog for Agriculture and Weather Analytics was realized prior to its sale in May 2020. At March 31, 2019, we had backlog of approximately $55.4 million, which included $44.5 million related to Transportation Systems, $6.2 million related to Roadway Sensors and $4.7 million related to Agriculture and Weather

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Analytics. The increase in backlog in the current fiscal year was largely due to increased sales and marketing efforts in our Transportation Systems segment during the current fiscal year.

        Backlog is an operational measure representing future unearned revenue amounts believed to be firm that are to be earned under our existing agreements and are not included in deferred revenue on our consolidated balance sheets. Backlog does not include announced orders for which definitive contracts have not been executed. We believe backlog is a useful metric for investors, given its relevance to total orders.

        The timing and realization of our backlog is subject to the inherent uncertainties of doing business with federal, state and local governments, particularly in view of budgetary constraints, cut-backs and other delays or reallocations of funding that these entities typically face. In addition, pursuant to the customary terms of our agreements with government contractors and other customers, our customers can generally cancel or reschedule orders with little or no penalties. Lead times for the release of purchase orders often depend upon the scheduling and forecasting practices of our individual customers, which also can affect the timing of the conversion of our backlog into revenues. For these reasons, among others, our backlog at a particular date may not be indicative of our future revenues, in particular for our Roadway Sensors segment.

Product Development

        Our product development activities are mostly conducted at our principal facility in Santa Ana, California, as well as our facilities in Grand Forks, North Dakota and Oakland, California. Our research and development costs and expenses were approximately $8.6 million for Fiscal 2020, $7.8 million for Fiscal 2019, and $7.9 million for Fiscal 2018. We expect to continue to pursue various product development programs and incur research and development expenditures, primarily in our Roadway Sensors and Transportation Systems segments in future periods.

        We believe our engineering and product development capabilities are a competitive strength. We strive to continuously develop new products, technologies, features and functionalities to meet the needs of our ever-changing markets, as well as to enhance, improve upon, and refine our existing product lines. We plan to continue to invest in the development of our software offerings that include Iteris SPM, iPeMS, Iteris ClearGuide, and Iteris ClearFleet, as well as our other commercial vehicle operations software products. In addition, we intend to continue to invest in further enhancements and functionality in our Vantage products family. We believe that developing new and enhanced product offerings across our segments and enhancing, refining and marketing our existing products are key components for strong organic growth and profitability.

Competition

        Generally, we face significant competition in each of our target markets. Increased competition may result in price reductions, reduced gross margins and loss of market share, any of which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

        In the market for our Roadway Sensors detection products, we compete with manufacturers and distributors of other above-ground video camera detection systems and manufacturers and distributors of other non-intrusive detection devices (e.g., microwave, infrared, radar, ultrasonic and magnetic detectors), as well as manufacturers and installers of in-pavement inductive loop products, which have historically been, and currently continue to be, the predominant vehicle detection system in this market. Additionally, products such as Velocity and VantagePegasus compete against various competitors in the travel-time and data communications markets, respectively.

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        The markets in which our Transportation Systems segment operates is highly fragmented and subject to evolving national and regional quality, operations and safety standards. Our competitors vary in number, scope and breadth of the products and services they offer. Our competitors in the managed services and consulting business lines include a mix of local, regional and international engineering services firms. Our competitors in the software business line (e.g., performance measurement and management, advanced traveler information systems, and our commercial vehicle operations and vehicle safety compliance platforms) include university affiliated software organizations, venture backed software companies, as well as other multi-disciplinary hardware and software corporations.

        The markets in which our Agriculture and Weather Analytics segment operated vary from the commercial sector customers for ClearAg solutions to public sector customers for ClearPath Weather solutions. Our competitors vary in number, scope and breadth of the products and services they offer. In the public sector, we competed with some of the same transportation engineering, planning and design firms that also compete with our Transportation Systems segment.

        In general, the markets for the products and services we offer are highly competitive and are characterized by rapidly changing technology and evolving standards. Many of our current and prospective competitors have longer operating histories, greater name recognition, access to larger customer bases, and significantly greater financial, technical, manufacturing, distribution and marketing resources than we. As a result, they may be able to adapt more quickly to new or emerging standards or technologies, or to devote greater resources to the promotion and sale of their products. It is also possible that new competitors or alliances among competitors could emerge and rapidly acquire significant market share. We believe that our ability to compete effectively in our target markets will depend on a number of factors, including the success and timing of our new product development, the compatibility of our products with a broad range of computing systems, product quality and performance, reliability, functionality, price and service, and technical support. Our failure to provide services and develop and market products that compete successfully with those of other suppliers and consultants in our target markets would have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

Intellectual Property and Proprietary Rights

        Our ability to compete effectively depends in part on our ability to develop and maintain the proprietary aspects of our technology. Our policy is to obtain appropriate proprietary rights protection for any potentially significant new technology acquired or developed by us. We currently have a total of 21 issued U.S. patents, including: (i) 14 relating to our Roadway Sensors technologies, four of which were issued in Fiscal 2020 and (ii) 7 relating to our Transportation Systems technologies. Prior to the sale of our Agriculture and Weather Analytics segment in May 2020, we had a total of 36 issued U.S. patents relating to our Agriculture and Weather Analytics technologies. Prior to the sale of our Agriculture and Weather Analytics in May 2020, we had a total of 14 pending patent applications in the U.S. and 8 total foreign patent applications. The expiration dates of our patents range from 2026 to 2038. We intend to pursue additional patent protection to the extent we believe it would be beneficial and cost-effective.

        In addition to patent laws, we rely on copyright and trade secret laws to protect our proprietary rights. We attempt to protect our trade secrets and other proprietary information through agreements with customers and suppliers, proprietary information agreements with our employees and consultants, and other similar measures. We do not have any material licenses or trademarks other than those relating to product names. We cannot be certain that we will be successful in protecting our proprietary rights. While we believe our patents, patent applications, software and other proprietary know-how have value, rapidly evolving technology makes our future success dependent largely upon our ability to successfully achieve continuing innovation.

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        Litigation may be necessary in the future to enforce our proprietary rights, to determine the validity and scope of the proprietary rights of others, or to defend us against claims of infringement or invalidity by others. An adverse outcome in such litigation or similar proceedings could subject us to significant liabilities to third parties, require disputed rights to be licensed from others or require us to cease marketing or using certain products, any of which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. In addition, the cost of addressing any intellectual property litigation claim, both in legal fees and expenses, as well as from the diversion of management's resources, regardless of whether the claim is valid, could be significant and could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

Employees

        As of March 31, 2020, we employed 414 full-time employees and 26 part-time employees, for a total of 440 employees. As a result of the sale of our Agriculture and Weather Analytics segment in May 2020 and related restructuring activities, we currently have approximately 348 full-time and 26 part-time employees. None of our employees is represented by a labor union, and we have never experienced a work stoppage. We believe our relations with our employees are good.

Government Regulation

        Our manufacturing operations are subject to various federal, state and local laws and regulations, including those restricting the discharge of materials into the environment. We are not involved in any pending or, to our knowledge, threatened governmental proceedings, which would require curtailment of our operations because of such laws and regulations. We continue to expend funds in connection with our compliance with applicable environmental regulations. These expenditures have not, however, been significant in the past, and we do not expect any significant expenditure in the near future. Currently, compliance with foreign laws has not had a material impact on our business; however, as we expand internationally, foreign laws and regulations could have a material impact on our business in the future.

ITEM 1A.    RISK FACTORS

        Our business is subject to a number of risks, some of which are discussed below. Other risks are presented elsewhere in this report and in the information incorporated by reference into this report. You should consider the following risks carefully in addition to the other information contained in this report and our other filings with the SEC, including our subsequent reports on Forms 10-Q and 8-K, before deciding to buy, sell or hold our common stock. The risks and uncertainties described below are not the only ones facing our company. Additional risks and uncertainties not presently known to us or that we currently deem immaterial may also affect our business operations. If any of these risks actually occurs, our business, financial condition, or results of operations could be seriously harmed. In that event, the market price for our common stock could decline and you may lose all or part of your investment.

         Because we depend on government contracts and subcontracts, we face additional risks related to contracting with federal, state and local governments, including budgetary issues and fixed price contracts, that could adversely impact our future revenues and profitability.

        A significant portion of our revenues is derived from contracts with governmental agencies, either as a general contractor, sub-contractor or supplier. We anticipate that revenue from government contracts will continue to remain a significant portion of our revenues. Government business is, in general, subject to special risks and challenges, including:

    delays in funding and uncertainty regarding the allocation of funds to state and local agencies from the U.S. federal government, delays in the expenditures from the federal highway bill and

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      delays or reductions in other state and local funding dedicated for transportation and ITS projects;

    other government budgetary constraints, cut-backs, delays or reallocation of government funding, including without limitation, changes in the administration and repeal of government purchasing programs;

    long purchase cycles or approval processes;

    competitive bidding and qualification requirements, as well as our ability to replace large contracts once they have been completed;

    changes in government policies and political agendas;

    maintenance of relationships with key government entities from whom a substantial portion of our revenue is derived;

    milestone deliverable requirements and liquidated damage and/or contract termination provisions for failure to meet contract milestone requirements;

    performance bond requirements;

    adverse weather conditions or other natural or medical disasters or developments, such as, the novel coronavirus COVID-19, and evacuations and flooding due to hurricanes, can result in our inability to perform work in affected areas; and

    international relations and international conflicts or other military operations that could cause the temporary or permanent diversion of government funding from transportation or other infrastructure projects.

        Governmental budgets and plans are subject to change without warning. Certain risks of selling to governmental entities include dependence on appropriations and administrative allocation of funds, changes in governmental procurement legislation and regulations and other policies that may reflect political developments or agendas, significant changes in contract scheduling, intense competition for government business and termination of purchase decisions for the convenience of the governmental entity. Substantial delays in purchase decisions by governmental entities, and the current constraints on government budgets at the federal, state and local level, and the ongoing uncertainty as to the timing and accessibility to government funding could cause our revenues and income to drop substantially or to fluctuate significantly between fiscal periods.

        In addition, a number of our government contracts are fixed price contracts. As a result, we may not be able to recover any cost overruns we may incur. These fixed price contracts require us to estimate the total project cost based on preliminary projections of the project's requirements. The financial viability of any given project depends in large part on our ability to estimate these costs accurately and complete the project on a timely basis. In the event our costs on these projects exceed the fixed contractual amount, we will be required to bear the excess costs. Such additional costs could adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations. Moreover, certain of our government contracts are subject to termination or renegotiation at the convenience of the government, which could result in a large decline in our revenues in any given period. Our inability to address any of the foregoing concerns or the loss or renegotiation of any material government contract could seriously harm our business, financial condition and results of operations.

         We may not be able to achieve profitability on a quarterly or annual basis in the future.

        We had net losses of approximately $5.6 million in Fiscal 2020, $7.8 million in Fiscal 2019 and $3.5 million in Fiscal 2018, and we cannot assure you that we will be profitable in the future. Our ability to become profitable in future periods could be impacted by governmental budgetary constraints,

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government and political agendas, economic instability and other items that are not in our control. Furthermore, we rely on operating profits from certain of our business segments to fund investments in sales and marketing and research and development initiatives. We cannot assure you that our financial performance will sustain a sufficient level to completely support those investments. Most of our expenses are fixed in advance. As such, we generally are unable to reduce our expenses significantly in the short-term to compensate for any unexpected delay or decrease in anticipated revenues or increases in planned investments. We may expect to continue to experience operating losses and net losses in Fiscal 2021 and may continue to do so in the future, which would make it difficult to fund our operations and achieve our business plan, and could cause the market price of our common stock to decline.

         Our profitability could be adversely affected if we are not able to maintain adequate utilization of our Transportation Systems workforce.

        The cost of providing our Transportation Systems engineering and consulting services, including the extent to which we utilize our workforce, affects our profitability. The rate at which we utilize our workforce is affected by a number of factors, including:

    our ability to transition employees from completed projects to new assignments and to hire and assimilate new employees;

    our ability to forecast demand for our services and thereby maintain an appropriate headcount in our various regions;

    the timing of new contract awards, the commencement of work under an awarded contract or the completion of large contracts;

    availability of funding or other budget issues;

    our need to devote time and resources to training, business development, professional development and other non-chargeable activities; and

    our ability to match the skill sets of our employees to the needs of the marketplace.

        An inability to properly and fully utilize our Transportation Systems workforce would reduce our profitability and could have an adverse effect on our results of operations.

         Our management information systems and databases have been and could in the future be disrupted by data protection breaches, system security failures, cyber threats or by the failure of, or lack of access to, our internal operations, such as our enterprise resource planning, or ERP, system, or services provided to our customers. These disruptions could negatively impact our sales, increase our expenses, significantly harm our reputation and/or adversely affect our stock price.

        Experienced users and computer programmers may be able to penetrate, or "hack", our network security and create system disruptions, cause shutdowns and compromise or misappropriate our confidential information or that of our employees and third parties. Computer programmers and hackers also may be able to develop and deploy viruses, worms, and other malicious software programs that attack our internal network, any of our systems, service offerings or otherwise exploit any security vulnerabilities of our network, systems or service offerings. In addition, sophisticated services, hardware and operating system software and applications that we procure from third parties may contain defects in design or manufacture, including "bugs" and other problems that could unexpectedly interfere with the operation of a system. We could incur expenses addressing problems created by cyber or other security problems, bugs, viruses, worms malicious software programs and security vulnerabilities, and our efforts to address these problems may not be successful. We must, and do, take precautions to secure customer information and prevent unauthorized access to our databases and systems containing

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confidential information. Any data security event, such as a breach, data loss or information security lapses, whether resulting in the compromise of personal information or the improper use or disclosure of confidential, sensitive or classified information, could result in interruptions, cessation of service(s), claims, remediation costs, regulatory sanctions against us, loss of current and future contracts, adverse effects to results of operations and financial condition, serious harm to our reputation and/or adverse effects to our stock price. We operate our ERP system on a SaaS platform, and we use this system for reporting, planning, sales, audit, inventory control, loss prevention, purchase order management and business intelligence. Accordingly, we depend on this system, and the third-party provider of this service, for a number of aspects of our operations. If this service provider or this system fails, or if we are unable to continue to have access to this system on commercially reasonable terms, or at all, operations would be severely disrupted until an equivalent system could be identified, licensed or developed, and integrated into our operations. This disruption would have a material adverse effect on our business. We carry insurance, including cyber insurance, commensurate with its size and the nature of its operations, although there is no certainty that such insurance will in all cases be sufficient to fully reimburse us for all losses incurred in connection with the occurrence of any of these system security risks, data protection breaches, cyber-attacks or other events.

        In April 2020, certain internal computer systems at our headquarters in Santa Ana were breached by an intruder, which prevented them temporarily from operating. We immediately took steps to isolate those systems and implemented measures to prevent additional systems from being affected, including taking systems offline as a precaution. The intrusion did not affect any customer-facing systems. Third party forensic experts were engaged to assist our information technology team to restore those affected internal systems to operation. We completed our investigation on June 3, 2020 and we have not experienced, nor do we believe there has been, any material impact to our operating activities nor our controls over financial reporting. To date, we have found no evidence of data exfiltration or misappropriation.

         If unauthorized access is obtained to our customer's personal and/or proprietary data in connection with our web-based and mobile application solutions and services, we may suffer various negative impacts, including a loss of customer and market confidence, loss of customer loyalty, and significant liability to our customers and to individuals or businesses whose information was being stored.

        Protecting data of our customers is critical to our business, and if there is unauthorized access we may incur significant costs or liabilities. In addition, we are required to comply with government contracting requirements and make investments in our systems to protect that data. If we are unable to do so, our customers may lose confidence in us, which would harm our sales, and we may incur significant expenses or liabilities.

         The recent coronavirus outbreak could have an adverse effect on our business.

        In March 2020, a global pandemic was declared by the World Health Organization related to the rapidly growing outbreak of the Pandemic. The Pandemic is having an unprecedented impact on the U.S. economy as federal, state and local governments react to this public health crisis, such as travel restrictions, quarantines and "stay-at-home" orders. The uncertainties caused by these events and actions include, but are not limited to, the adverse effect of the Pandemic on the economy, our vendors, our employees and customers and customer sentiment in general. Continued impacts of the Pandemic have materially adversely impacted global economic conditions, and have impacted our business, results of operations and financial condition, such as expense reductions, in an effort to mitigate such impacts. The extent of the impact of the Pandemic on our business and financial results and volatility of our stock price will depend largely on future developments, including the duration of the spread of the outbreak, the impact on capital and financial markets and the related impact on the

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financial circumstances of our customers, all of which are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted. This situation is changing rapidly, and additional impacts may arise that we are not aware of currently.

         Acquisitions of companies or technologies, including our acquisition of AGI, may require us to undertake significant capital infusions and could result in disruptions of our business and diversion of resources and management attention.

        In July 2019, we completed the acquisition of AGI and we plan to continue to explore acquiring additional complementary businesses, products, services, and technologies. Acquisitions may require significant capital infusions and, in general, acquisitions also involve a number of special risks, including:

    potential disruption of our ongoing business and the diversion of our resources and management's attention;

    the failure to retain or integrate key acquired personnel;

    the challenge of assimilating diverse business cultures, and the difficulties in integrating the operations, technologies and information system of the acquired companies;

    increased costs to improve managerial, operational, financial and administrative systems and to eliminate duplicative services;

    the incurrence of unforeseen obligations or liabilities;

    potential impairment of relationships with employees or customers as a result of changes in management; and

    increased interest expense and amortization of acquired intangible assets, as well as unanticipated accounting charges.

        Our competitors are also soliciting potential acquisition candidates, which could both increase the price of any acquisition targets and decrease the number of attractive companies available for acquisition. Acquisitions may also materially and adversely affect our operating results due to large write-offs, contingent liabilities, substantial depreciation, deferred compensation charges or intangible asset amortization, or other adverse tax or accounting consequences. We cannot assure you that we will be able to identify or consummate any additional acquisitions, successfully integrate any acquisitions or realize the benefits and opportunities anticipated from any acquisition.

         Acquisitions, investments and divestitures could result in operating difficulties, dilution, and other consequences that may adversely affect our business and results of operations.

        Acquisitions, investments and divestitures are important elements of our overall corporate strategy and use of capital, and these transactions could be material to our financial condition and results of operations. We expect to continue to evaluate and enter into discussions regarding potential strategic transactions. Effecting these strategic transactions could create unforeseen operating difficulties and expenditures. We face risks that include, among other things:

    the strategic benefits and opportunities from any planned or completed acquisition or divestiture by the Company may not be realized or may take longer to realize than expected;

    strategic benefits and opportunities related to past and ongoing restructuring actions may not be realized or may take longer to realize than expected;

    our ability to realize the expected financial benefits of an acquisition, divestiture or other strategic transaction;

    cost reductions may not occur as expected;

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    management time and focus may be diverted from operating our business to challenges related to acquisitions and other strategic transactions;

    cultural challenges may arise associated with integrating employees from the acquired company into our organization, and retention of employees from the businesses we acquire; and

    we may fail to successfully further develop the acquired business or technology.

        Our failure to address the risks and other issues in connection with our past or future acquisitions and other strategic transactions could cause us to fail to realize their anticipated benefits and opportunities, including unanticipated liabilities, increased costs, and harm our business generally.

         We participate in the software development market which may be subject to various technical and commercial challenges.

        We have only been in the business of software development for a few years and have in the past and may in the future experience development and technical challenges. Our business and results of operations could also be seriously harmed by any significant delays in our software development activities. Despite testing and quality control, we cannot be certain that errors will not be found in our software after its release. Any faults or errors in our existing products or in any new products may cause delays in product introduction and shipments, require design modifications, or harm customer relationships or our reputation, any of which could adversely affect our business and competitive position. In addition, software companies are subject to litigation concerning intellectual property disputes, which could be costly and distract our management.

         If we do not keep pace with rapid technological changes and evolving industry standards, we will not be able to remain competitive, and the demand for our products will likely decline.

        Our markets are in general characterized by the following factors:

    rapid technological advances;

    downward price pressures in our target markets as technologies mature;

    changes in customer requirements;

    additional qualification requirements related to new products or components;

    frequent new product introductions and enhancements;

    obsolescence of certain parts and components from time to time that may require re-engineering of certain portions of our product;

    inventory issues related to transition to new or enhanced models; and

    evolving industry standards and changes in the regulatory environment.

        Our future success will depend upon our ability to anticipate and adapt to changes in technology and industry standards, and to effectively develop, introduce, market and gain broad acceptance of new products and product enhancements incorporating the latest technological advancements.

         If we are unable to develop and introduce new products and product enhancements in a cost-effective and timely manner, or are unable to achieve market acceptance of our new products, our operating results would be adversely affected.

        We believe our revenue growth and future operating results will depend on our ability to complete development of new products and enhancements, introduce these products in a timely, cost-effective manner, achieve broad market acceptance of these products and enhancements, and reduce our

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production costs. During the past few fiscal years, we have introduced, and will continue to introduce this fiscal year, both new and enhanced products across all segments. We cannot guarantee the success of these products, and we may not be able to introduce any new products or any enhancements to our existing products on a timely basis, or at all. In addition, the introduction of any new products could adversely affect the sales of certain of our existing products.

        We believe that we must continue to make substantial investments to support ongoing research and development in order to develop new or enhanced products and software to remain competitive. We need to continue to prepare updates for existing products and develop and introduce new products that incorporate the latest technological advancements in outdoor image processing hardware, camera technologies, software and analysis in response to evolving customer requirements. In addition, we are beginning to migrate some of our products to a new platform. We cannot assure you that we will be able to adequately manage product transition issues. Our business and results of operations could be adversely affected if we do not anticipate or respond adequately to technological developments or changing customer requirements or if we cannot adequately manage inventory issues typically related to new product transitions and introductions. We cannot assure you that any such investments in research and development will lead to any corresponding increase in revenue.

         We may need to raise additional capital in the future, which may not be available on terms acceptable to us, or at all.

        We have historically experienced volatility in our earnings and cash flows from operations from year to year. Should the credit markets further tighten or our business decline, we may need or choose to raise additional capital to fund our operations, to repay indebtedness, pursue acquisitions or expand our operations. Such additional capital may be raised through bank borrowings, or other debt or equity financings. We cannot assure you that any additional capital will be available on a timely basis, on acceptable terms, or at all, and such additional financing may result in further dilution to our stockholders.

        Our capital requirements will depend on many factors, including, but not limited to:

    market acceptance of our products and product enhancements, and the overall level of sales of our products;

    our ability to control costs and achieve profitability;

    the supply of key components for our products;

    our ability to increase revenue and net income;

    increased research and development expenses and sales and marketing expenses;

    our need to respond to technological advancements and our competitors' introductions of new products or technologies;

    capital improvements to new and existing facilities and enhancements to our infrastructure and systems;

    any acquisitions of businesses, technologies, product lines, or possible strategic transactions or dispositions;

    our relationships with customers and suppliers;

    government budgets, political agendas and other funding issues, including potential delays in government contract awards or commencement of work for a project;

    our ability to successfully negotiate credit arrangements with our bank and the state of the financial markets in general; and

    general economic conditions, including the effects of the economic slowdowns and international conflicts.

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        If our capital requirements are materially different from those currently planned, we may need additional capital sooner than anticipated. If additional funds are raised through the issuance of equity or convertible debt securities, the percentage ownership of our stockholders will be reduced and such securities may have rights, preferences and privileges senior to our common stock. Additional equity or debt financing may not be available on favorable terms, on a timely basis, or at all. If adequate funds are not available or are not available on acceptable terms when needed, we may be unable to continue our operations as planned, develop or enhance our products, expand our sales and marketing programs, take advantage of future opportunities or respond to competitive pressures.

         The markets in which we operate are highly competitive with many companies more established than we are.

        We compete with numerous other companies in our target markets including, but not limited to, large, multi-national corporations and many smaller regional engineering firms.

        We compete with existing, well-established companies and technologies in our Roadway Sensors segment, both domestically and abroad. Only a portion of the traffic intersection market has adopted advanced above-ground detection technologies, and our future success will depend in part upon gaining broader market acceptance for such technologies. Certain technological barriers to entry make it difficult for new competitors to enter the market with competing video or other technologies; however, we are aware of new market entrants from time to time. Increased competition could result in loss of market share, price reductions and reduced gross margins, any of which could seriously harm our business, financial condition and results of operations.

        The Transportation Systems market is highly fragmented and is subject to evolving national and regional quality and safety standards. Our competitors vary in size, number, scope and breadth of the products and services they offer, and include large multi-national engineering firms and smaller local or regional firms.

        In each of our operating segments, many of our competitors have far greater name recognition and greater financial, technological, marketing and customer service resources than we do. This may allow our competitors to respond more quickly to new or emerging technologies and changes in customer requirements. It may also allow them to devote greater resources to the development, promotion, sale and support of their products and services than we can. Consolidations of end users, distributors and manufacturers in our target markets exacerbate this problem. As a result of the foregoing factors, we may not be able to compete effectively in our target markets and competitive pressures could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

         Our failure to successfully secure new contracts and renew existing contracts could reduce our revenues and profitability.

        Our business depends on our ability to successfully bid on new contracts and renew existing contracts with private and public sector customers. We continually bid on new contracts and negotiate contract renewals on expiring contracts. Contract proposals and negotiations are complex and frequently involve a lengthy bidding and selection process, which are affected by a number of factors, such as market conditions, financing arrangements and required governmental approvals. As a condition to contract award, customers require us to provide a surety bond or letter of credit to protect the client should we fail to perform under the terms of the contract. Government entities are also taking more time between contract award and approval to commence work under the contract, which delays our ability to recognize revenues under the contract. If negative market conditions materialize, or if we fail to secure adequate financing arrangements or the required governmental approval or fail to meet other required conditions, we may not be able to pursue, obtain or perform particular projects, which could reduce or eliminate our profitability.

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         We may not be able to adequately protect or enforce our intellectual property rights, which could harm our competitive position.

        If we are not able to adequately protect or enforce the proprietary aspects of our technology, competitors may be able to access our proprietary technology and our business, financial condition and results of operations will likely be seriously harmed. We currently attempt to protect our technology through a combination of patent, copyright, trademark and trade secret laws, employee and third party nondisclosure agreements and similar means. Despite our efforts, other parties may attempt to disclose, obtain or use our technologies or systems. Our competitors may also be able to independently develop products that are substantially equivalent or superior to our products or design around our patents. In addition, the laws of some foreign countries do not protect our proprietary rights as fully as do the laws of the U.S. As a result, we may not be able to protect our proprietary rights adequately in the U.S. or internationally.

        Litigation may be necessary in the future to enforce our intellectual property rights or to determine the validity and scope of the proprietary rights of others. Litigation may also be necessary to defend against claims of infringement or invalidity by others. We have in the past, and may in the future, be subject to litigation regarding our intellectual property rights. An adverse outcome in litigation or any similar proceedings could subject us to significant liabilities to third parties, require us to license disputed rights from others or require us to cease marketing or using certain products or technologies. We may not be able to obtain any licenses on terms acceptable to us, or at all. We also may have to indemnify certain customers or strategic partners if it is determined that we have infringed upon or misappropriated another party's intellectual property. Our continued expansion into software development activities may subject us to increased possibility of litigation. Any of the foregoing could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations. In addition, the cost of addressing any intellectual property litigation claim, including legal fees and expenses, and the diversion of management's attention and resources, regardless of whether the claim is valid, could be significant and could seriously harm our business, financial condition and results of operations.

         We may continue to be subject to traffic-related litigation.

        The traffic industry in general is subject to frequent litigation claims due to the nature of personal injuries that can result from traffic accidents. As a provider of traffic engineering services, products and solutions, we are, and could from time to time in the future continue to be, subject to litigation for traffic related accidents, even if our products or services did not cause the particular accident. While we generally carry insurance against these types of claims, some claims may not be covered by insurance or the damages resulting from such litigation could exceed our insurance coverage limits. In the event that we are required to pay significant damages as a result of one or more lawsuits that are not covered by insurance or exceed our coverage limits, it could materially harm our business, financial condition or cash flows. Even defending against unsuccessful claims could cause us to incur significant expenses and result in a diversion of management's attention.

         We may be unable to attract and retain key personnel, including senior management, which could seriously harm our business.

        Due to the specialized nature of our business, we are highly dependent on the continued service of our executive officers and other key management, engineering and technical personnel. We believe that our success will depend on the continued employment of a highly qualified and experienced senior management team to retain existing business and generate new business. The loss of any of our officers, or any of our other executives or key members of management could adversely affect our business, financial condition, or results of operations (e.g., loss of customers or loss of new business opportunities). Our success will also depend in large part upon our ability to continue to attract, retain and motivate qualified engineering and other highly skilled technical personnel. Particularly in highly

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specialized areas, it has become more difficult to retain employees and meet all of our needs for employees in a timely manner, which may adversely affect our growth in the current fiscal year and in future years. This situation is exacerbated by pressure from agency customers to contain our costs, while salaries for highly skilled employees are on the rise. Although we intend to continue to devote significant resources to recruit, train and retain qualified skilled personnel, we may not be able to attract and retain such employees, which could impair our ability to perform our contractual obligations, meet our customers' needs, win new business, and adversely affect our future results. Likewise, the future success of our Transportation Systems segment will depend on our ability to hire additional qualified engineers, planners and technical personnel. Competition for qualified employees, particularly development engineers and software developers, is intense. We may not be able to continue to attract and retain sufficient numbers of such highly skilled employees. Our inability to attract and retain additional key employees or the loss of one or more of our current key employees could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

         If we experience declining or flat revenues and we fail to manage such declines effectively, we may be unable to execute our business plan and may experience future weaknesses in our operating results.

        Based on our business objectives, and in order to achieve future growth, we will need to continue to add additional qualified personnel, and invest in additional research and development and sales and marketing activities, which could lead to increases in our expenses and future declines in our operating results. In addition, our past expansion has placed, and future expansion is expected to place, a significant strain on our managerial, administrative, operational, financial and other resources. If we are unable to manage these activities or any revenue declines successfully, our growth, our business, our financial condition and our results of operations could continue to be adversely affected.

         Our use of estimates in conjunction with the input method of measuring progress to completion of performance obligations for our Transportation Systems revenues could result in a reduction or reversal of previously recorded revenues and profits.

        A portion of Transportation Systems revenues are measured and recognized over time using the input method of measuring progress to completion. Our use of this accounting method results in recognition of revenues and profits proportionally over the life of a contract, based generally on the proportion of costs incurred to date to total costs expected to be incurred for the entire project. The effects of revisions to revenues and estimated costs are recorded when the amounts are known or can be reasonably estimated. Such revisions could occur in any period and their effects could be material. Although we have historically made reasonably reliable estimates of the progress towards completion of long-term engineering, program management, construction management or construction contracts, the uncertainties inherent in the estimating process make it possible for actual costs to vary materially from estimates, including reductions or reversals of previously recorded revenues and profits.

         Declines in the value of securities held in our investment portfolio can affect us negatively.

        As of March 31, 2020, the value of securities available for sale within our investment portfolio was $11.6 million, which is generally determined based upon market values available from third-party sources. The value of our investment portfolio has fluctuated as a result of market volatility and economic or financial market conditions. Declines in the value of securities held in our investment portfolio negatively impact our levels of capital and liquidity. Further, to the extent that we experience unrealized losses in our portfolio of investment securities from declines in securities values that management determines to be other than temporary, the book value of those securities will be adjusted to their estimated recovery value and we will recognize a charge to earnings in the quarter during which we make that determination. Although we have policies and procedures in place to assess and mitigate potential impacts of market risks, those policies and procedures are inherently limited because

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they cannot anticipate the existence or future development of currently unanticipated or unknown risks. Accordingly, we could suffer adverse effects as a result of our failure to anticipate and manage these risks properly.

         If our internal controls over financial reporting do not comply with the requirements of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, our business and stock price could be adversely affected.

        Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 currently requires us to evaluate the effectiveness of our internal controls over financial reporting at the end of each fiscal year and to include a management report assessing the effectiveness of our internal controls over financial reporting in all annual reports. We are required to obtain our auditors' attestation pursuant to Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. Going forward, we may not be able to complete the work required for such attestation on a timely basis and, even if we timely complete such requirements, our independent registered public accounting firm may still conclude that our internal controls over financial reporting are not effective.

        A control system, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the control system's objectives will be met. Further, the design of a control system must reflect the fact that there are resource constraints, and the benefits of controls must be considered relative to their costs. Because of the inherent limitations in all control systems, no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance that all control issues and instances of fraud, if any, within Iteris have been or will be detected. These inherent limitations include the realities that technology, decision-making and other processes can be faulty and that breakdowns can occur because of simple errors or mistakes. Controls can also be circumvented by the individual acts of some persons, by collusion of two or more people, or by management override of the controls. The design of any system of controls is based in part on certain assumptions about the likelihood of future events, and we cannot assure you that any design will succeed in achieving its stated goals under all potential future conditions. Over time, our controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions or deterioration in the degree of compliance with policies or procedures. Because of the inherent limitations in a cost-effective control system, misstatements due to error or fraud may occur and not be detected. If we are not able to maintain effective internal controls over financial reporting, we may lose the confidence of investors and analysts and our stock price could decline.

         Our quarterly operating results fluctuate as a result of many factors. Therefore, we may fail to meet or exceed the expectations of securities analysts and investors, which could cause our stock price to decline.

        Our quarterly revenues and operating results have fluctuated and are likely to continue to vary from quarter to quarter due to a number of factors, many of which are not within our control. Factors that could affect our revenues and operating results include, among others, the following:

    the Pandemic, which may impact our first quarter and full fiscal year 2021 operating results;

    delays in government contracts and funding from time to time and budgetary constraints at the federal, state and local levels;

    our ability to access stimulus funding, funding from the federal highway bill or other government funding;

    declines in new home and commercial real estate construction and related road and other infrastructure construction;

    changes in our pricing policies and the pricing policies of our suppliers and competitors, pricing concessions on volume sales, as well as increased price competition in general;

    the long lead times associated with government contracts;

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    the size, timing, rescheduling or cancellation of significant customer orders;

    our ability to control costs;

    the mix of our products and services sold in a quarter, which has varied and is expected to continue to vary from time to time;

    our ability to develop, introduce, patent, market and gain market acceptance of new products, applications and product enhancements in a timely manner, or at all;

    market acceptance of the products incorporating our technologies and products;

    the introduction of new products by competitors;

    the availability and cost of components used in the manufacture of our products;

    our success in expanding and implementing our sales and marketing programs;

    the effects of technological changes in our target markets;

    the amount of our backlog at any given time;

    timing of backlog fulfillment;

    the nature of our government contracts;

    decrease in revenues derived from key or significant customers;

    deferrals of customer orders in anticipation of new products, applications or product enhancements;

    risks and uncertainties associated with our international business;

    market condition changes such as industry structure consolidations that could slow down our ability to procure new business;

    general economic and political conditions;

    our ability to raise additional capital;

    international conflicts and acts of terrorism; and

    other factors beyond our control, including but not limited to, natural disasters.

        Due to all of the factors listed above as well as other unforeseen factors, our future operating results could be below the expectations of securities analysts or investors. If that happens, the trading price of our common stock could decline. As a result of these quarterly variations, you should not rely on quarter-to-quarter comparisons of our operating results as an indication of our future performance.

         Supply shortages or production gaps could materially and adversely impact our sales and financial results.

        We have in the past experienced, and may from time to time in the future continue to experience parts shortages or unforeseen quality control issues by our suppliers that may impact our ability to meet demand for our products. We have historically used and continue to use single suppliers for certain significant components in our products, and have had to reengineer products from time to time to address obsolete components, especially in our Roadway Sensors products. Our Roadway Sensors products are also included with other traffic intersection products that also could experience supply issues for their products, which in turn could result in delays in orders for our products. Should any such supply delay or disruption occur, or should a key supplier discontinue operations, our future sales and costs will likely be materially and adversely affected. Additionally, we rely heavily on select contract

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manufacturers to produce many of our products and do not have any long-term contracts to guarantee supply of such products. Although we believe our contract manufacturers have sufficient capacity to meet our production schedules for the foreseeable future and we believe we could find alternative contract manufacturing sources for many of our products, if necessary, we could experience a production gap should for any reason our contract manufacturers become unable to meet our production requirements and our cost of goods sold could increase, adversely affecting our margins. Further, foreign imports of components in our products subject the Company to risks of changes in, or the imposition of new, export/import requirements, tariffs, work stoppages, delays in shipment, product cost increases due to component shortages, public health issues that could lead to temporary closures of facilities or shipping ports, such as the Pandemic and other economic uncertainties, affecting trade between the U.S. and other countries where we source components for our Roadway Sensors products. Any such actions could increase the cost to us of such products and cause increases in the prices at which we sell such products, which could adversely affect the financial performance of our Roadway Sensors business. Similarly, these actions could result in cost increases or supply chain delays that impact third party products (e.g. steel poles) which could lead our customers to delay or cancel planned purchases of our products.

         Our international business operations may be threatened by many factors that are outside of our control.

        While we historically have had limited international sales, revenues and operational experience, we have been expanding our distribution capabilities for our Roadway Sensors segment internationally, particularly in Europe and in South America. We plan to continue to expand our international efforts, but we cannot assure you that we will be successful in such efforts. International operations subject us to various inherent risks including, among others:

    the Pandemic and related government responses, including travel restrictions, quarantines and "stay-at-home" orders;

    political, social and economic instability, as well as international conflicts and acts of terrorism;

    bonding requirements for certain international projects;

    longer accounts receivable payment cycles;

    import and export license requirements and restrictions of the U.S., as well as requirements and restrictions in the other countries in which we operate;

    currency fluctuations and restrictions, and our ability to repatriate currency from certain foreign regions;

    unexpected changes in regulatory requirements, tariffs and other trade barriers or restrictions;

    required compliance with existing and new foreign regulatory requirements and laws, more restrictive labor laws and obligations, including but not limited to the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act;

    difficulties in managing and staffing international operations;

    potentially adverse tax consequences; and

    reduced protection for intellectual property rights in some countries.

        Substantially all of our international product sales are denominated in U.S. dollars. As a result, an increase in the relative value of the dollar could make our products more expensive and potentially less price competitive in international markets. We do not currently engage in any transactions as a hedge against risks of loss due to foreign currency fluctuations.

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        Any of the factors mentioned above may adversely affect our future international revenues and, consequently, affect our business, financial condition and operating results. Additionally, as we pursue the expansion of our international business, certain fixed and other overhead costs could outpace our revenues, thus adversely affecting our results of operations. We may likewise face local competitors in certain international markets who are more established, have greater economies of scale and stronger customer relationships. Furthermore, as we increase our international sales, our total revenues may also be affected to a greater extent by seasonal fluctuations resulting from lower sales that typically occur during the summer months in Europe and certain other parts of the world.

         The trading price of our common stock is highly volatile.

        The trading price of our common stock has been subject to wide fluctuations in the past. From March 31, 2017 through March 31, 2020, our common stock has traded at prices as low as $2.08 per share and as high as $8.17 per share. The market price of our common stock could continue to fluctuate in the future in response to various factors, including, but not limited to:

    quarterly variations in operating results;

    our ability to control costs, improve cash flow and sustain profitability;

    our ability to raise additional capital;

    shortages announced by suppliers;

    announcements of technological innovations or new products or applications by our competitors, customers or us;

    transitions to new products or product enhancements;

    acquisitions of businesses, products or technologies, or other strategic transactions or dispositions;

    the impact of any litigation;

    changes in investor perceptions;

    government funding, political agendas and other budgetary constraints;

    changes in stock market analyst recommendations regarding our common stock, other comparable companies or our industry in general;

    changes in earnings estimates or investment recommendations by securities analysts; and

    international conflicts, political unrest and acts of terrorism.

        The stock market is currently experiencing and has from time to time experienced volatility, which has often affected and may continue to affect the market prices of equity securities of many technology companies. This volatility has often been unrelated to the operating performance of these companies. These broad market fluctuations may adversely affect the market price of our common stock. In the past, companies that have experienced volatility in the market price of their securities have been the subject of securities class action litigation. If we were to become the subject of a class action lawsuit, it could result in substantial losses and divert management's attention and resources from other matters.

         Provisions of our charter documents may discourage a third party from acquiring us and may adversely affect the price of our common stock.

        Provisions of our certificate of incorporation could make it difficult for a third party to influence or acquire us, even though that might be beneficial to our stockholders. Such provisions could limit the price that investors might be willing to pay in the future for shares of our common stock. For example,

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under the terms of our certificate of incorporation, our Board of Directors is authorized to issue, without stockholder approval, up to 2,000,000 shares of preferred stock with voting, conversion and other rights and preferences superior to those of our common stock. In addition, our bylaws contain provisions governing the ability of stockholders to submit proposals or make nominations for directors. We may also adopt provisions and agreements from time to time that could make it harder for a potential acquirer.

ITEM 1B.    UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

        None.

ITEM 2.    PROPERTIES

        Our headquarters and principal operations are housed in approximately 47,000 square feet of leased office, manufacturing and warehouse space located in Santa Ana, California, pursuant to a lease which terminates in March 2022. For additional information regarding our lease obligations, see Note 7 "Right-of-Use Assets and Lease Liabilities" of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, included in Part II, Item 8 of this report.

ITEM 3.    LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

        The information set forth under the heading "Litigation and Other Contingencies" under Note 6 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, included in Part II, Item 8 of this report, is incorporated herein by reference.

ITEM 4.    MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

        Not applicable.

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PART II

ITEM 5.    MARKET FOR REGISTRANT's COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

Market Information for Common Stock

        Our common stock is traded on the NASDAQ Capital Market under the symbol "ITI" since February 8, 2016. Prior to that, our common stock traded on the NYSE MKT under the same symbol.

        As of May 29, 2020, we had 318 holders of record of our common stock according to information furnished by our transfer agent. The actual number of stockholders is greater than this number of record holders, and includes stockholders who are beneficial owners but whose shares are held in street name by brokers and other nominees.

Securities Authorized for Issuance under Equity Compensation Plans

        Information regarding securities authorized for issuance can be found under Part III, "Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters."

Dividend Policy

        We have never paid or declared cash dividends on our common stock, and have no current plans to pay such dividends in the foreseeable future. We currently intend to retain any earnings for working capital and general corporate purposes. The payment of any future dividends will be at the discretion of our Board of Directors and will depend upon a number of factors, including, but not limited to, future earnings, the success of our business, our capital requirements, our general financial condition and future prospects, general business conditions, and such other factors as the Board of Directors may deem relevant.

Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

        On August 9, 2012, our Board of Directors approved a new stock repurchase program pursuant to which we may acquire up to $3 million of our outstanding common stock for an unspecified length of time. Under the program, we may repurchase shares from time to time in the open market and privately negotiated transactions and block trades, and may also repurchase shares pursuant to a 10b5-1 trading plan during our closed trading windows, to the extent such a 10b5-1 plan is in place. There is no guarantee as to the exact number of shares that will be repurchased. We may modify or terminate the repurchase program at any time without prior notice. On November 6, 2014, our Board of Directors approved a $3.0 million increase to the Company's existing stock repurchase program, pursuant to which the Company may continue to acquire shares of its outstanding common stock from time to time for an unspecified length of time.

        In Fiscal 2020, Fiscal 2019, and Fiscal 2018, we did not repurchase any shares. From inception of the program in August 2011 through March 31, 2020, we repurchased approximately 3,422,000 shares of our common stock for an aggregate price of approximately $5.6 million, at an average price per share of $1.63. As of March 31, 2020, all repurchased shares have been retired and returned to their status as authorized and unissued shares of our common stock. As of March 31, 2020, approximately $1.7 million remains available for the repurchase of our common stock under our current program.

ITEM 6.    SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

        The Company is a smaller reporting company as defined by Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act and is not required to provide the information required under this Item.

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ITEM 7.    MANAGEMENT's DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

        You should read the following discussion and analysis in conjunction with our Consolidated Financial Statements and related Notes thereto included in Part II, Item 8 of this report and the "Risk Factors" section in Part I, Item 1A, as well as the other cautionary statements and risks described elsewhere in this report before deciding to purchase, hold or sell our common stock.

Overview

        General.    We are a provider of smart mobility infrastructure management solutions. Municipalities, government agencies, and other transportation infrastructure providers use our solutions to monitor, visualize, and optimize mobility infrastructure to help ensure roads are safe, travel is efficient, and communities thrive.

        Sale of Vehicle Sensors.    On July 29, 2011, we completed the sale of substantially all of our assets used in connection with our former Vehicle Sensors segment to Bendix Commercial Vehicle Systems LLC ("Bendix"), a member of Knorr-Bremse Group, pursuant to an Asset Purchase Agreement signed on July 25, 2011 (the "Asset Sale"). In connection with the Asset Sale, we were entitled to additional consideration in the form of certain performance and royalty-related earn-outs through December 31, 2017. From the date of the Asset Sale, through March 31, 2020, we received approximately $2.7 million in connection with royalty-related earn-outs provisions for a total of $18 million in cash received from the Asset Sale. We do not anticipate any further payments from Bendix.

        As a result of the Asset Sale, we no longer operate in the Vehicle Sensors segment. We determined that the Vehicle Sensors segment, which previously constituted one of our operating segments, qualified as a discontinued operation. The applicable financial results of our former Vehicle Sensors segment through the closing of the Asset Sale have been reclassified as a discontinued operation for all periods presented in this report. Refer to Note 3 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, included in Part II, Item 8 of this report, for additional discussion regarding the Asset Sale.

        Business Segments.    Our reportable segments consist of: Roadway Sensors, Transportation Systems, and, prior to May 5, 2020, Agriculture and Weather Analytics.

        The Roadway Sensors segment provides various advanced detection sensors and systems for traffic intersection management, communication systems and roadway traffic data collection applications. The Roadways Sensors product line uses advanced image processing technology and other techniques to capture and analyze sensor data through sophisticated algorithms, enabling vehicle, bicycle and pedestrian detection, as well as the transmission of both video images and data using various communication technologies. Our Roadway Sensors products include, among others, Vantage, VantageLive!, Vantage Next®, VantagePegasus, VantageRadius, Vantage Vector, Velocity, SmartCycle, SmartCycle Bike Indicator, SmartSpan, VersiCam, PedTrax and P-Series products. In select territories, our Roadway Sensors segment also sells OEM products for the traffic intersection markets, which include, among other things, traffic signal controllers and traffic signal equipment cabinets.

        The Transportation Systems segment includes engineering and consulting services, managed services, performance measurement and traffic analytics solutions, as well as the development of transportation management and traveler information systems for the ITS industry. Our Transportation Systems services include planning, design, development and implementation of software and hardware-based ITS systems that integrate sensors, video surveillance, computers and advanced communications equipment to enable public agencies to monitor, control and direct traffic flow, assist in the quick dispatch of emergency crews, and distribute real-time information about traffic conditions. Our services include planning, design, implementation, operation and management of surface transportation

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infrastructure systems. We perform analysis and study goods movement, commercial vehicle operations, provide travel demand forecasting and systems engineering, and identify mitigation measures to reduce traffic congestion. The Transportation Systems segment also includes the operations of AGI beginning July 2, 2019 (see Note 11 "Acquisition" of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, included in Part II, Item 8 of this report for further details on the acquisition of AGI). The Transportations Systems segment product line includes: Iteris Signal Performance Measures ("SPM"), Iteris ClearGuide, and iPeMS, our performance measurement and analytics solution, our advanced traveler information system solutions ClearPath 511 and Reverse 511, as well as our commercial vehicle operations and vehicle safety compliance platforms known as ClearFleet, CVIEW-Plus, CheckPoint, UCRLink and inspect.

        The Agriculture and Weather Analytics segment consisted of ClearPath Weather, a road maintenance application, and ClearAg, a digital agriculture platform. ClearPath Weather is a web-based solution, which includes a suite of tools that apply data assimilation and modeling technologies to assess historical weather conditions for both short-term and long-range weather forecasts and customizable route/site weather and pavement forecasting, and providing winter road maintenance recommendations for state agencies, municipalities and commercial companies that allow such users to create solutions to meet roadway maintenance decision needs. ClearAg solutions combine weather and agronomic data with proprietary land-surface modeling and analytics to solve complex agricultural problems and to increase the efficiency and sustainability of farmlands. ClearAg solutions were offered to companies in the agriculture industry, such as seed and crop protection companies, integrated food companies, and agricultural equipment manufacturers and service providers. ClearAg solutions provided weather, environment, soil and plant growth modeling to deliver environmental intelligence through ClearAg APIs and components, IMFocus APIs and ClearAg web applications.

        On May 5, 2020, pursuant to an Asset Purchase Agreement (the "Purchase Agreement") entered in on May 2, 2020, the Company sold the assets of its Agriculture and Weather Analytics segment, composed of its ClearAg and ClearPath Weather product lines, to DTN, LLC ("DTN"), an operating company of TBG AG, a Swiss-based holding company. As a result of the sale, we no longer operate in the Agriculture and Weather Analytics segment. See Note 14 "Subsequent Events" of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, included in Part II, Item 8 of this report for further details on the sale of the Agriculture and Weather Analytics segment.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

        "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" is based on our consolidated financial statements included herein, which have been prepared in accordance with GAAP. The preparation of these financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and related disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. On an ongoing basis, we evaluate these estimates and assumptions, include those related to revenue recognition, the collectability of accounts receivable and related allowance for doubtful accounts, projections of taxable income used to assess realizability of deferred tax assets, warranty reserves and other contingencies, costs to complete long-term contracts, indirect cost rates used in cost plus contracts, the valuation of inventories, the valuation of purchased intangible assets and goodwill, the valuation of investments, estimates of future cash flows used to assess the recoverability of long-lived assets and the impairment of goodwill, and fair value of our stock option awards used to calculate stock-based compensation. We base these estimates on historical experience and on various other factors that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. These estimates and assumptions by their nature involve risks and uncertainties, and may prove to be inaccurate. In the event that any of

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our estimates or assumptions are inaccurate in any material respect, it could have a material adverse effect on our reported amounts of assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period.

        The following critical accounting policies affect our more significant judgments and estimates used in the preparation of our consolidated financial statements.

        Revenue Recognition.    Revenues are recognized when control of the promised goods or services are transferred to our customers, in a gross amount that reflects the consideration that we expect to be entitled to in exchange for those goods or services. We generate all of our revenues from contracts with our customers.

        Product revenue related contracts with customers begin when we acknowledge a purchase order for a specific customer order of product to be delivered in the near term. These purchase orders are short-term in nature. Product revenue is recognized at a point in time upon shipment or upon customer receipt of the product, depending on shipping terms. The Company determined that this method best represents the transfer of goods as transfer of control typically occurs upon shipment or upon customer receipt of the product.

        Service revenues, primarily derived from the Transportation Systems and Agriculture and Weather Analytics segments, are primarily from long-term engineering and consulting service contracts with governmental agencies. These contracts generally include performance obligations in which control is transferred over time. We recognize revenue on fixed fee contracts, over time, using the proportion of actual costs incurred to the total costs expected to complete the contract performance obligation. The Company determined that this method best represents the transfer of services as the proportion closely depicts the efforts or inputs completed towards the satisfaction of a fixed fee contract performance obligation. Time & Materials ("T&M") and Cost Plus Fixed Fee ("CPFF") contracts are considered variable consideration. However, performance obligations with these fee types qualify for the "Right to Invoice" Practical Expedient. Under this practical expedient, the Company is allowed to recognize revenue, over time, in the amount to which the Company has a right to invoice. In addition, the Company is not required to estimate such variable consideration upon inception of the contract and reassess the estimate each reporting period. The Company determined that this method best represents the transfer of services as, upon billing, the Company has a right to consideration from a customer in an amount that directly corresponds with the value to the customer of the Company's performance completed to date.

        Service revenues also consist of revenues derived from maintenance support and the use of the Company's service platforms and APIs on a subscription basis. We generate this revenue from fees for maintenance support, monthly active user fees, SaaS fees, and hosting fees. In most cases, the subscription or transaction arrangement is a single performance obligation comprised of a series of distinct services that are substantially the same and that have the same pattern of transfer (i.e., distinct days of service). The Company applies a time-based measure of progress to the total transaction price, which results in ratable recognition over the term of the contract. The Company determined that this method best represents the transfer of services as the customer obtains equal benefit from the service throughout the service period. The Company accounts for individual goods and services separately if they are distinct performance obligations, which often requires significant judgment based upon knowledge of the products and/or services, the solutions provided and the structure of the sales contract. In SaaS agreements, we provide a service to the customer which combines the software functionality, maintenance and hosting into a single performance obligation. In product related contracts, a purchase order may contain different products, each constituting a separate performance obligation.

        We generally estimate variable consideration at the most likely amount to which we expect to be entitled and in certain cases based on the expected value, which requires judgment. We include

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estimated amounts in the transaction price to the extent it is probable that a significant reversal of cumulative revenue recognized will not occur when the uncertainty associated with the variable consideration is resolved. Our estimates of variable consideration and determination of whether to include estimated amounts in the transaction price are based largely on an assessment of our anticipated performance and all information (historical, current and forecasted) that is reasonably available to us. We review and update these estimates on a quarterly basis.

        The Company's typical performance obligations include the following:

Performance Obligation
  When Performance
Obligation is
Typically Satisfied
  When Payment is
Typically Due
  How Standalone
Selling Price is
Typically Estimated
Product Revenues            

Standard purchase orders for delivery of a tangible product

  Upon shipment (point in time)   Within 30 days of delivery   Observable transactions

Engineering services where the deliverable is considered a product

  As work is performed (over time)   Within 30 days of services being invoiced   Estimated using a cost-plus margin approach
Service Revenues            

Engineering and consulting services

  As work is performed (over time)   Within 30 days of services being invoiced   Estimated using a cost-plus margin approach

SaaS

  Over the course of the SaaS service once the system is available for use (over time)   At the beginning of the contract period   Estimated using a cost-plus margin approach

        Goodwill and Other Long-Lived Assets.    Goodwill is recorded as the difference, if any, between the aggregate consideration paid for an acquisition and the fair value of the acquired net tangible and intangible assets. Other long-lived assets primarily represent internally developed and purchased intangible assets including developed technology, customer relationships, trade names and patents. We currently amortize our intangible assets with definitive lives over periods ranging from one to seven years using a method that reflects the pattern in which the economic benefits of the intangible asset are consumed or otherwise used or, if that pattern cannot be reliably determined, using a straight-line amortization method over the estimated useful life of the asset.

        The Company has the option to first perform a qualitative assessment to determine if it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying value. However, the Company may elect to bypass the qualitative assessment and proceed directly to the quantitative impairment tests. The first step of the impairment test involves comparing the fair value of the reporting unit to its net book value, including goodwill. If the net book value exceeds its fair value, the Company would perform the second step of the goodwill impairment test to determine the amount of the impairment loss. We perform an annual qualitative assessment of our goodwill during the fourth fiscal quarter, or more frequently, to determine if any events or circumstances exist, such as an adverse change in business climate or a decline in overall industry demand, that would indicate that it would more likely than not reduce the fair value of a reporting unit below its carrying amount, including goodwill. If events or circumstances do not indicate that the fair value of a reporting unit is below its carrying amount, then goodwill is not considered to be impaired and no further testing is required, if otherwise, we compare the fair value of our reporting unit to its carrying value, including goodwill. If the carrying amount of a reporting unit exceeds the reporting unit's fair value, the amount by which the

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carrying value of the goodwill exceeds its implied fair value, if any, is recognized as an impairment loss. We determine the fair values of our reporting units using the income valuation approach, as well as other generally accepted valuation methodologies.

        We test long-lived assets and purchased intangible assets (other than goodwill) for impairment if we believe indicators of impairment exist. We determine whether the carrying value of an asset or asset group is recoverable, based on comparisons to undiscounted expected future cash flows the asset or asset group is expected to generate. If an asset is not recoverable, we record an impairment loss equal to the amount by which the carrying value of the asset exceeds its fair value. We primarily use the income valuation approach to determine the fair value of our long-lived assets and purchased intangible assets.

        Income Taxes.    We utilize the asset and liability method of accounting for income taxes, under which deferred taxes are determined based on the temporary differences between the financial statement and tax basis of assets and liabilities using tax rates expected to be in effect during the years in which the basis differences reverse. A valuation allowance is recorded when it is more-likely-than-not that some or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized, which increases our income tax expense in the period such determination is made.

        On an interim basis, we estimate what our anticipated annual effective tax rate will be, while also separately considering applicable discrete and other non-recurring items, and record a quarterly income tax provision in accordance with this anticipated rate. As the fiscal year progresses, we refine our estimates based upon actual events and financial results during the year. This estimation process can result in significant changes to our expected effective tax rate. When this occurs, we adjust our income tax provision during the quarter in which our estimates are refined so that the year-to-date provision reflects the expected annual effective tax rate. These changes, along with adjustments to our deferred taxes, among others, may create fluctuations in our overall effective tax rate from quarter to quarter.

        Income tax positions must meet a more-likely-than-not recognition threshold to be recognized. Income tax positions that previously failed to meet the more-likely-than-not threshold are recognized in the first subsequent financial reporting period in which that threshold is met. Previously recognized tax positions that no longer meet the more-likely-than-not threshold are reversed in the first subsequent financial reporting period in which that threshold is no longer met.

        The application of tax laws and regulations is subject to legal and factual interpretation, judgment and uncertainty. Tax laws and regulations themselves are subject to change as a result of changes in fiscal policy, changes in legislation, the evolution of regulations and court rulings. Therefore, the actual liability for U.S. or foreign taxes may be materially different from our estimates, which could result in the need to record additional tax liabilities or potentially reverse previously recorded tax liabilities.

        In relation to the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act ("TCJA"), we determined reasonable provisional estimates on our existing deferred tax balances and the one-time transition tax under the SEC Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 118, Income Tax Accounting Implications of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act ("SAB 118"). Actual future operating results and the underlying amount and type of income could differ materially from our estimates, assumptions and judgments, thereby impacting our consolidated financial position and results of operations.

        On March 27, 2020, the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security (CARES) Act was enacted and signed into U.S. law to provide economic relief to individuals and businesses facing economic hardship as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. Changes in tax laws or rates are accounted for in the period of enactment. The income tax provisions of the CARES Act had an immaterial impact on our current taxes, deferred taxes, and uncertain tax positions of the Company.

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        Stock-Based Compensation.    We record stock-based compensation in the statements of operations as an expense, based on the grant date estimated fair value of our stock-based awards, whereby such fair values are amortized over the requisite service period. Our stock-based awards are currently comprised of common stock options and restricted stock units. The fair value of our stock option awards is estimated on the grant date using the Black-Scholes-Merton option-pricing formula. While utilizing this model meets established requirements, the estimated fair values generated by it may not be indicative of the actual fair values of our stock option awards as it does not consider certain factors important to those awards to employees, such as continued employment and periodic vesting requirements, as well as the limited transferability of the awards. The fair value of our restricted stock units is based on the closing market price of our common stock on the grant date. If there are any modifications or cancellations of the underlying unvested stock-based awards, we may be required to accelerate, increase or cancel any remaining unearned stock-based compensation expense.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

        Refer to Note 1 "Description of Business and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies" of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, included in Part II, Item 8 of this report for a discussion of recent accounting pronouncements.

Analysis of Fiscal 2020 and Fiscal 2019 Results of Operations

        For a comparison of the 2019 to 2018 fiscal years, see Part II, Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations of the Company's Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2019."

        Total Revenues.    Total revenues are comprised of sales from our Roadway Sensors, Transportation Systems and Agriculture and Weather Analytics segments. The following tables present details of total revenues for Fiscal 2020 as compared to Fiscal 2019:

 
  Year Ended March 31,    
   
 
 
  2020   2019   $ Increase   % Change  
 
  (In thousands, except percentages)
 

Product revenues

  $ 55,007   $ 48,227   $ 6,780     14.1 %

Service revenues

    59,110     50,896     8,214     16.1 %

Total revenues

  $ 114,117   $ 99,123   $ 14,994     15.1 %

        Product revenues primarily consist of Roadway Sensors product sales, but also include OEM products for the traffic signal markets, as well as Transportation Systems third-party product sales for installation under certain construction-type contracts. Product revenues for Fiscal 2020 increased approximately 14.1% to $55.0 million, compared to $48.2 million in Fiscal 2019, primarily due to an increase in sales of our core Roadway Sensors video detection products, and to a lesser extent, increases in both unit sales from our distribution in Texas of certain OEM products for the traffic intersection market and Transportation Systems third-party product sales for installation under certain construction-type contracts.

        Service revenues primarily consist of Transportation Systems engineering services, but also includes service revenues generated by our Roadway Sensors segment and the Agriculture and Weather Analytics segment. Service revenues for Fiscal 2020 increased approximately 16.1% to $59.1 million, compared to $50.9 million in Fiscal 2019, primarily due to approximately $6.4 million of revenues from the operations of AGI as well as higher Transportation Systems traffic engineering service revenues and to a lesser extent higher Agriculture and Weather Analytics revenues. Total revenues for Fiscal 2020 increased approximately 15.1% to $114.1 million, compared to $99.1 million in Fiscal 2019. The increase in total revenues was primarily due to an approximate 16.5% increase in Transportation

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Systems revenues, an approximate 13.5% increase in Roadway Sensors revenues, and an approximate 15.5% increase in Agriculture and Weather Analytics revenues.

        Roadway Sensors revenues in Fiscal 2020 included approximately $49.1 million in product revenues and approximately $0.3 million of service revenues, reflecting an increase in total revenues of approximately $5.9 million or 13.5%, compared to Fiscal 2019, primarily due to higher sales from our core video detection products, as well as higher unit sales from our distribution in Texas of certain OEM products for the traffic intersection market, which increased approximately $2.0 million or 54.1% to approximately $5.8 million. While OEM products generally have lower gross margins than our core video detection products, we believe the offering of OEM products can benefit sales of our core products in Texas by providing a more comprehensive suite of traffic solutions for our customers. Going forward, we plan to grow revenues by focusing on our core domestic traffic intersection market, and refining and delivering products that address the needs of this market, primarily our Vantage processors and camera systems and our Vantage Vector video/radar hybrid sensor, as well as our SmartCycle, Velocity, PedTrax and SmartSpan products.

        Transportation Systems revenues in Fiscal 2020 included approximately $52.1 million of service revenues and approximately $5.9 million of sales of third-party products purchased for installation under certain construction-type contracts, reflecting an increase in total revenues of approximately $8.2 million or 16.5%, compared to Fiscal 2019, primarily due to approximately $6.4 million of revenues from the operations of AGI and an increase in Transportation Systems traffic engineering service revenues of approximately $1.1 million. Transportation Systems added approximately $68.7 million of new backlog during the Fiscal 2020. Transportation Systems backlog increased to approximately $53.4 million as of March 31, 2020, compared to approximately $44.5 million as of March 31, 2019.

        We plan to continue to focus on securing new contracts and to extend and/or continue our existing relationships with key agencies related to projects in their final project phases. While we believe our ability to obtain additional large contracts will contribute to overall revenue growth, the mix of sub-consulting content and third-party product sales will likely affect the related total gross profit from period to period, as total revenues derived from sub-consultants and third-party product sales generally have lower gross margins than revenues generated by our professional services.

        Agriculture and Weather Analytics revenues in Fiscal 2020 included no product revenue and approximately $6.7 million of service revenues, largely consisting of subscription revenues, reflecting an increase in total revenues of approximately $0.9 million or 15.5%, compared to Fiscal 2019. The increase was primarily due to increases in both ClearPath Weather and ClearAg solutions under newly signed contracts during Fiscal 2020.

        Gross Profit.    The following tables present details of our gross profit for Fiscal 2020 compared to Fiscal 2019:

 
  Year Ended March 31,    
   
 
 
  2020   2019   $ Increase   % Change  
 
  (In thousands, except percentages)
 

Product gross profit

  $ 24,741   $ 19,793   $ 4,948     25.0 %

Service gross profit

    23,020     18,813     4,207     22.4 %

Total gross profit

  $ 47,761   $ 38,606   $ 9,155     23.7 %

Product gross margin as a % of product revenues

    45.0 %   41.0 %            

Service gross margin as a % of service revenues

    38.9 %   37.0 %            

Total gross margin as a % of total revenues

    41.9 %   38.9 %            

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        Our product gross margin as a percentage of product revenues for Fiscal 2020 increased approximately 400 basis points compared to Fiscal 2019 primarily due to an increase in our Roadway Sensors core video detection products, which typically yields higher gross margins than our Roadway Sensors OEM sales and our Transportation Systems third-party product sales for installation under certain construction-type contracts that we classify as product revenues.

        Our service gross margin as a percentage of service revenues for Fiscal 2020 increased 190 basis points compared to Fiscal 2019 primarily due to the completion of previously awarded contracts, the timing of certain extension contracts, the contract mix and a decrease in the amount of related sub-consulting content of such contracts. Sub-consulting content generally results in lower gross margins than our direct labor content.

        Our total gross margin as a percentage of total revenues for Fiscal 2020 increased 300 basis points compared to Fiscal 2019 primarily as a result of the revenue mix within our Roadway Sensors and Transportation Systems segments. During Fiscal 2020, there was an increase in the percentage of revenue from our Roadway Sensors core video detection products as well as a decrease in the percentage of revenue from our Transportation Systems sales of third-party products purchased for installation under certain construction-type contracts, both of which drove an increase in gross margin.

        Roadway Sensors gross profit can fluctuate in any specific quarter or year based on, among other factors, customer and product mix between core products and third party OEM products, competitive pricing requirements, product warranty costs and provisions for our excess and obsolete inventories, as well as shifts of engineering resources from development activities to sustaining activities, which we record as cost of goods sold.

        We recognize a portion of our Transportation Systems revenues and related gross profit over time using the costs incurred input method, where revenue is recognized based on the Company's efforts or inputs toward satisfying a performance obligation, and the underlying mix of contract activity affects the related gross profit recognized in any given period. For the Transportation Systems segment, we expect to experience gross profit variability in future periods due to our contract mix and the amount of related sub-consulting content of such contracts, as well as factors such as our ability to efficiently utilize our internal workforce, which could cause fluctuations in our margins from period to period.

    Selling, General and Administrative Expense

        Selling, general and administration expense for Fiscal 2020 increased approximately 15.3% to $44.4 million, compared to $38.5 million in Fiscal 2019. The increase was primarily due to expenses related to the acquisition of AGI, retention costs for certain Agriculture and Weather Analytics employees, and executive severance costs. In connection with the AGI acquisition completed in July 2019, we added more than 40 employees, which has increased our selling, general and administrative expense in Fiscal 2020.

    Research and Development Expense

        Research and development expense for Fiscal 2020 increased approximately 10.3% to $8.6 million, compared to $7.8 million in Fiscal 2019. The overall increase was primarily due to continued investment in research and development activities largely focused on improving our existing software related product offerings.

        During Fiscal 2020, we invested in the development of further enhancements and functionality of the ClearAg and ClearPath Weather solutions in the Agriculture and Weather Analytics segment and our Vantage products family in our Roadway Sensors segment. In our Transportation Systems segment, we invested in, and successfully released Iteris ClearGuide, our state-of-the-art mobility intelligence platform, designed to help transportation agencies achieve safer, more efficient mobility for their

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networks. Going forward, we plan to continue to invest in Iteris ClearGuide and our Vantage products family.

        In both the current and prior year periods certain development costs were capitalized into intangible assets in the consolidated balance sheets; however, certain costs did not meet the criteria for capitalization under GAAP and are included in research and development expense. Going forward, we expect to continue to invest in our solutions. This continued investment may result in increases in research and development costs, as well as additional capitalized software in future periods.

    Impairment of Goodwill

        Based on our goodwill impairment testing for Fiscal 2020 and 2019, we believe the carrying value of our goodwill was not impaired, as the estimated fair values of our reporting units exceeded their carrying values at the end of Fiscal 2020 and 2019. If our actual financial results, or the plans and estimates used in future goodwill impairment analyses, are lower than our original estimates used to assess impairment of our goodwill, we could incur goodwill impairment charges in the future.

    Amortization of Intangible Assets

        Amortization expense for intangible assets subject to amortization was approximately $1.5 million and $1.1 million for Fiscal 2020 and Fiscal 2019, respectively. Approximately $736,000 and $850,000 of the intangible asset amortization was recorded to cost of revenues, and approximately $757,000 and $275,000 was recorded to amortization expense for Fiscal 2020 and Fiscal 2019, respectively, in the consolidated statements of operations. The increase in amortization was primarily due to amortization expenses related to intangible assets acquired as part of the AGI acquisition.

    Interest Income, Net

        Net interest income was approximately $229,000 and $129,000 in Fiscal 2020 and Fiscal 2019, respectively. The increase in net interest income in the current year was primarily due to interest earned on investments purchased and held during the current Fiscal year.

    Income Taxes

        The following table presents our (benefit) provision for income taxes for Fiscal 2020 and Fiscal 2019:

 
  Year Ended
March 31,
 
 
  2020   2019  
 
  (In thousands,
except percentages)

 

Provision (benefit) for income taxes

  $ 160   $ 36  

Effective tax rate

    (3.1 )%   (0.5 )%

        For Fiscal 2020 and 2019, the difference between the statutory and the effective tax rate was primarily attributable to the valuation allowance recorded against our deferred tax assets.

        In assessing the realizability of our deferred tax assets, we review all available positive and negative evidence, including reversal of deferred tax liabilities, potential carrybacks, projected future taxable income, tax planning strategies and recent financial performance. As the Company has sustained a cumulative pre-tax loss over the trailing three fiscal years, we considered it appropriate to maintain valuation allowances of $14.2 million and $12.3 million against our deferred tax assets at March 31,

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2020 and 2019, respectively. We will continue to reassess the appropriateness of maintaining a valuation allowance.

        As we update our estimates in future periods, adjustments to our deferred tax asset and valuation allowance may be necessary. We anticipate this will cause our future overall effective tax rate in any given period to fluctuate from prior effective tax rates and statutory tax rates. We utilize the liability method of accounting for income taxes. We record net deferred tax assets to the extent that we believe these assets will more likely than not be realized.

        At March 31, 2020, we had $10.7 million of federal net operating loss carryforwards that do not expire as a result of recent tax law changes. We had $7.3 million of federal net operating loss carryforwards that begin to expire in 2038. We also had $8.7 million of state net operating loss carryforwards that begin to expire in 2031. Although the impact cannot be precisely determined at this time, we believe that our net operating loss carryforwards will provide reductions in our future income tax payments, that would otherwise be higher using statutory tax rates.

        On March 27, 2020, the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (CARES Act) was enacted in response to the Pandemic. The CARES Act contains numerous income tax provisions, such as relaxing limitations on the deductibility of interest and the use of net operating losses arising in taxable years beginning after December 31, 2017. The CARES Act allows net operating losses incurred in 2018, 2019, and 2020 to be carried back to each of the five preceding taxable years to generate a refund of previously paid income taxes. The income tax provisions of the CARES Act had an immaterial impact on our current taxes, deferred taxes, and uncertain tax positions of the Company.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

        For a comparison of the 2019 to 2018 fiscal years, see Part II, Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations of the Company's Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2019."

    Cash Flows

        We have historically financed our operations with a combination of cash flows from operations and the sale of equity securities. We expect to continue to rely on cash flows from operations and our cash reserves to fund our operations, which we believe to be sufficient to fund our operations for at least the next twelve months. However, we may need or choose to raise additional capital to fund potential future acquisitions and our future growth. We may raise such funds by selling equity or debt securities to the public or to selected investors or by borrowing money from financial institutions. If we raise additional funds by issuing equity or convertible debt securities, our existing stockholders may experience significant dilution, and any equity securities that may be issued may have rights senior to our existing stockholders. There is no assurance that we will be able to secure additional funding on a timely basis, on terms acceptable to us, or at all.

        At March 31, 2020, we had $32.5 million in working capital, which included $14.4 million in cash and cash equivalents and $11.6 million in short-term investments. This compares to working capital of $13.5 million at March 31, 2019, which included $7.1 million in cash and cash equivalents and $1.9 million in short-term investments.

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        The following table summarizes our cash flows for Fiscal 2020 and Fiscal 2019:

 
  Year Ended
March 31,
 
 
  2020   2019  
 
  (In thousands)
 

Net cash provided by (used in):

             

Operating activities

  $ (3,827 ) $ (5,828 )

Investing activities

  $ (16,243 ) $ 2,345  

Financing activities

  $ 27,362   $ 402  

        Operating Activities.    Cash used in our operations during Fiscal 2020 was primarily the result of our net loss of approximately $5.6 million, adjusted by approximately $6.9 million in non-cash items for noncash lease expense, deferred income taxes, depreciation, stock-based compensation, and amortization, offset by a decrease of approximately $5.2 million from changes in working capital.

        Cash used in our operations during Fiscal 2019 was primarily the result of our net loss of approximately $7.8 million, adjusted by approximately $4.1 million in non-cash items for deferred income taxes, depreciation, stock-based compensation, and amortization. The net loss was offset in part by approximately $2.1 million of working capital used in our operations in Fiscal 2019.

        Investing Activities.    Net cash used in our investing activities during Fiscal 2020 was primarily the result of purchases of approximately $33.8 million of short-term investments and approximately $468,000 of property and equipment, as well as approximately $5.6 million in net cash paid for the AGI acquisition and approximately $633,000 of capitalized software development, primarily in the Roadway Sensors and Transportation Systems business segments related to VantageLive! and Iteris ClearGuide, respectively. These investments were partially offset by approximately $24.2 million in proceeds from the sale and maturity of short-term investments.

        Net cash provided by our investing activities during Fiscal 2019 was primarily the result of approximately $7.5 million in proceeds from the maturity of short-term investments and approximately $107,000 in proceeds from the last earn-out payment related to the sale of the assets of the Vehicle Sensors segment in 2011. These amounts were partially offset by purchases of approximately $4.1 million of short-term investments and approximately $486,000 of property and equipment as well as approximately $660,000 of capitalized software development primarily in the Roadway Sensors business segment related to VantageLive! developments.

        Financing Activities.    Net cash provided by financing activities during Fiscal 2020 was the result of approximately $26.8 million of proceeds from the issuance of common stock in connection with the public offering, net of costs, of 6,182,797 shares of the Company's common stock on June 13, 2019. In addition, there was $370,000 of cash proceeds from the purchase of ESPP shares and approximately $256,000 of cash proceeds from the exercises of stock options.

        Net cash provided by financing activities during Fiscal 2019 was primarily the result of approximately $365,000 of cash proceeds received from the purchases of Employee Stock Purchase Plan ("ESPP") shares, and approximately $85,000 of cash proceeds from the exercise of stock options during Fiscal 2019.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

        We do not have any other material off-balance sheet arrangements at March 31, 2020.

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Seasonality

        We have historically experienced seasonality, particularly with respect to our Roadway Sensors segment, which adversely affects such sales in our third and fourth fiscal quarters due to a reduction in intersection construction and repairs during the winter months due to inclement weather conditions, with the third fiscal quarter generally impacted the most by inclement weather. We have also experienced seasonality, particularly with respect to our Transportation Systems segment, which adversely impacts our third fiscal quarter due to the increased number of holidays, causing a reduction in available billable hours. In addition, we have experienced seasonality related to certain ClearPath Weather services which adversely impacts such sales in our first and second fiscal quarters, mainly because these services are generally not required during Spring and Summer when weather conditions are comparatively milder.

ITEM 7A.    QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

        The Company is a smaller reporting company as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act and is not required to provide the information required by this Item.

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ITEM 8.    FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA


Iteris, Inc.
Index to Consolidated Financial Statement

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REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

To the stockholders and the Board of Directors of Iteris, Inc.

Opinion on the Financial Statements

        We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Iteris, Inc. and subsidiaries (the "Company") as of March 31, 2020 and 2019, the related consolidated statements of operations, stockholders' equity, and cash flows, for each of the three years in the period ended March 31, 2020, and the related notes (collectively referred to as the "financial statements"). In our opinion, the financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of March 31, 2020 and 2019, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended March 31, 2020, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

        We have also audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB), the Company's internal control over financial reporting as of March 31, 2020, based on criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission and our report dated June 9, 2020, expressed an unqualified opinion on the Company's internal control over financial reporting.

Adoption of New Accounting Standard

        As discussed in Note 1 to the consolidated financial statements, the Company has changed its method of accounting for leases as of and for the year ended March 31, 2020 due to the adoption of Accounting Standards Update 2016-02, Leases.

Basis for Opinion

        These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company's financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

        We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

/s/ Deloitte & Touche LLP

Costa Mesa, CA
June 9, 2020

We have served as the Company's auditor since 2016.

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Iteris, Inc.

Consolidated Balance Sheets

(In thousands, except par value)

 
  March 31,  
 
  2020   2019  

Assets

             

Current assets:

             

Cash and cash equivalents

  $ 14,217   $ 7,071  

Restricted cash

    146      

Short-term investments

    11,556     1,935  

Trade accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $802 and $539 at March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively

    17,569     16,929  

Unbilled accounts receivable

    10,352     6,487  

Inventories

    3,040     2,916  

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

    2,149     1,367  

Total current assets

    59,029     36,705  

Property and equipment, net

    1,942     1,965  

Right-of-use assets

    13,044      

Intangible assets, net

    6,137     3,286  

Goodwill

    20,590     15,150  

Other assets

    1,215     849  

Total assets

  $ 101,957   $ 57,955  

Liabilities and stockholders' equity

             

Current liabilities:

             

Trade accounts payable

  $ 8,355   $ 9,441  

Accrued payroll and related expenses

    8,441     6,536  

Accrued liabilities

    3,756     2,370  

Deferred revenue

    5,963     4,883  

Total current liabilities

    26,515     23,230  

Deferred rent

        455  

Lease liabilities

    11,995      

Deferred income taxes

    190     65  

Unrecognized tax benefits

    130     150  

Total liabilities

    38,830     23,900  

Commitments and contingencies (Note 6)

             

Stockholders' equity:

             

Preferred stock, $1.00 par value:

             

Authorized shares—2,000 Issued and outstanding shares—none

         

Common stock, $0.10 par value:

             

Authorized shares—70,000 at March 31, 2020 and March 31, 2019 Issued and outstanding shares—40,713 at March 31, 2020 and 33,377 at March 31, 2019

    4,071     3,338  

Additional paid-in capital

    176,209     142,260  

Accumulated deficit

    (117,153 )   (111,543 )

Total stockholders' equity

    63,127     34,055  

Total liabilities and stockholders' equity

  $ 101,957   $ 57,955  

   

See accompanying notes.

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Iteris, Inc.

Consolidated Statements of Operations

(In thousands, except per share amounts)

 
  Year Ended March 31,  
 
  2020   2019   2018  

Product revenues

  $ 55,007   $ 48,227   $ 46,464  

Service revenues

    59,110     50,896     57,265  

Total revenues

    114,117     99,123     103,729  

Cost of product revenues

    30,266     28,434     26,633  

Cost of service revenues

    36,090     32,083     37,265  

Cost of revenues

    66,356     60,517     63,898  

Gross profit

    47,761     38,606     39,831  

Operating expenses:

                   

Selling, general and administrative

    44,383     38,471     37,400  

Research and development

    8,597     7,819     7,945  

Amortization of intangible assets

    757     275     88  

Total operating expenses

    53,737     46,565     45,433  

Operating loss

    (5,976 )   (7,959 )   (5,602 )

Non-operating income (expense):

                   

Other income (expense), net

    297     50     (16 )

Interest income, net

    229     129     32  

Loss from continuing operations before income taxes

    (5,450 )   (7,780 )   (5,586 )

(Provision) benefit for income taxes

    (160 )   (36 )   1,818  

Loss from continuing operations

    (5,610 )   (7,816 )   (3,768 )

Gain on sale of discontinued operation, net of tax

            242  

Net loss

  $ (5,610 ) $ (7,816 ) $ (3,526 )

Loss per share from continuing operations—basic and diluted

  $ (0.14 ) $ (0.23 ) $ (0.12 )

Gain per share from sale of discontinued operation—basic and diluted

  $   $   $ 0.01  

Net loss per share—basic and diluted

  $ (0.14 ) $ (0.23 ) $ (0.11 )

Shares used in basic per share calculations

    39,012     33,266     32,776  

Shares used in diluted per share calculations

    39,012     33,266     32,776  

   

See accompanying notes.

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Iteris, Inc.

Consolidated Statements of Stockholders' Equity

(In thousands)

 
  Common Stock    
   
   
 
 
  Additional
Paid-In
Capital
  Accumulated
Deficit
  Total
Stockholders'
Equity
 
 
  Shares   Amount  

Balance at March 31, 2017

    32,488   $ 3,249   $ 136,968   $ (99,993 ) $ 40,224  

Stock option exercises

    591     59     1,131         1,190  

Stock-based compensation

            1,781         1,781  

Issuance of shares pursuant

                             

to vesting of restricted stock units,

                             

net of payroll withholding taxes

    107     10     (158 )       (148 )

Net loss

                      (3,526 )   (3,526 )

Balance at March 31, 2018

    33,186   $ 3,318   $ 139,722   $ (103,519 ) $ 39,521  

Adoption of ASU 2014-09 (see Note 1)

                      (208 )   (208 )

Stock option exercises

    43     4     81         85  

Issuance of shares pursuant

                               

to Employee Stock Purchase Plan

    92     10     355         365  

Stock-based compensation

            2,156         2,156  

Issuance of shares pursuant to vesting of restricted stock units, net of payroll withholding taxes

    56     6     (54 )       (48 )

Net loss

                      (7,816 )   (7,816 )

Balance at March 31, 2019

    33,377   $ 3,338   $ 142,260   $ (111,543 ) $ 34,055  

Issuance of common stock in connection with public offerring, net of costs

    6,183     618     26,133         26,751  

Stock option exercises

    120     12     244         256  

Issuance of shares pursuant to Employee Stock Purchase Plan

    91     9     361         370  

Stock-based compensation

            2,785         2,785  

Issuance of shares pursuant to vesting of restricted stock units, net of payroll withholding taxes

    73     7     (22 )       (15 )

Issuance of common stock in connection with acquisition

    869     87     4,448         4,535  

Net loss

                      (5,610 )   (5,610 )

Balance at March 31, 2020

    40,713   $ 4,071   $ 176,209   $ (117,153 ) $ 63,127  

   

See accompanying notes.

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Iteris, Inc.

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(In thousands)

Iteris, Inc.

 
  Year Ended March 31,  
 
  2020   2019   2018  

Cash flows from operating activities

                   

Net loss

  $ (5,610 ) $ (7,816 ) $ (3,526 )

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:

                   

Right-of-use asset non-cash expense

    1,772          

Deferred income taxes

    105     (18 )   (660 )

Depreciation of property and equipment

    848     854     819  

Stock-based compensation

    2,785     2,156     1,781  

Amortization of intangible assets

    1,492     1,125     726  

Gain on sale of discontinued operation, net of tax

            (242 )

Loss on disposal of equipment

            16  

Other

    (60 )        

Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of effects of discontinued operation and acquisition:

                   

Trade accounts receivable

    265     (4,063 )   1,433  

Unbilled accounts receivable and deferred revenue

    (2,438 )   457     (166 )

Inventories

    (124 )   5     (671 )

Prepaid expenses and other assets

    (987 )   902     (693 )

Trade accounts payable and accrued expenses

    (534 )   570     915  

Operating lease liabilities

    (1,341 )        

Net cash used in operating activities

    (3,827 )   (5,828 )   (268 )

Cash flows from investing activities

                   

Purchases of property and equipment

    (468 )   (486 )   (1,079 )

Purchase of short term investments

    (33,786 )   (4,079 )   (5,319 )

Maturities of investments

    24,225     7,463      

Capitalized software development costs

    (633 )   (660 )   (2,936 )

Cash paid in business acquisition, net of cash acquired

    (5,581 )        

Net proceeds from sale of business segment

        107     511  

Net cash (used in) provided by investing activities

    (16,243 )   2,345     (8,823 )

Cash flows from financing activities

                   

Proceeds from stock option exercises

    256     85     1,190  

Proceeds from ESPP purchases

    370     365      

Tax withholding payments for net share settlements of restricted stock units

    (15 )   (48 )   (148 )

Proceeds from issuance of common stock, net of costs

    26,751          

Net cash provided by financing activities

    27,362     402     1,042  

Increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

    7,292     (3,081 )   (8,049 )

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period

    7,071     10,152     18,201  

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period

  $ 14,363   $ 7,071   $ 10,152  

Supplemental cash flow information:

                   

Cash paid during the year for:

                   

Income taxes

  $ 63   $ 4   $ 130  

Supplemental schedule of non-cash investing and financing activities:

                   

Issuance of common stock for vested restricted stock units

  $ 7   $ 6   $ 10  

Issuance of common stock in connection with acquisition

  $ 4,535   $   $  

Lease liabilities arising from obtaining right-of-use assets

  $ 581   $   $  

Capitalized software development costs included in accounts payable and accrued expenses

  $   $   $ 102  

Landlord contribution for tenant improvements

  $   $   $ 145  

   

See accompanying notes.

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Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

March 31, 2020

1. Description of Business and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Description of Business

        Iteris, Inc. (referred to collectively with its wholly-owned subsidiaries, ClearAg, Inc. and Albeck Gerken, Inc. ("AGI"), in this report as "Iteris", the "Company", "we", "our", and "us") is a provider of smart mobility infrastructure solutions . Municipalities, government agencies, and other transportation infrastructure providers use our solutions to monitor, visualize, and optimize mobility infrastructure to help ensure roads are safe, travel is efficient, and communities thrive.

        As a pioneer in intelligent transportation systems ("ITS") technology for more than two decades, we offer a comprehensive range of ITS technology solutions to our customers throughout the U.S. and internationally through a combination intellectual property, products, and SaaS offerings.

        Prior to the sale of our Agriculture and Weather Analytics segment in May 2020, we combined our intellectual property with enhanced atmospheric, land surface and agronomic modeling techniques to offer smart content and analytical solutions that provide analytical support to large enterprises in the agriculture industry, such as seed and crop protection companies, integrated food companies, and agricultural equipment manufacturers and service providers.

        We believe our products, solutions and services improve and safely optimize mobility within our communities, while minimizing environmental impact on the roads we travel.

        We continue to make significant investments to leverage our existing technologies and further expand both our advanced detection sensors and performance analytics systems in the transportation infrastructure market and always exploring strategic alternatives intended to optimize the value of all of our businesses.

        Iteris was incorporated in Delaware in 1987 and has operated in its current form since 2004.

Recent Developments

Public Offering and Acquisition of Albeck Gerken, Inc.

        On June 13, 2019, the Company completed an underwritten public offering of 6,182,797 shares of the Company's common stock for net proceeds to the Company of approximately $26.8 million, after deducting underwriting discounts and estimated offering expenses payable by the Company. The Company used approximately $6.2 million of the net proceeds of this offering to pay the cash portion of the purchase price in the acquisition of AGI, a privately-held professional transportation engineering services firm headquartered in Tampa, Florida (see Note 11 for further details on the acquisition of AGI), and plans to use the balance of the net proceeds for general corporate purposes and possibly for other future acquisitions.

Coronavirus

        In March 2020, a global pandemic was declared by the World Health Organization related to the rapidly growing outbreak of a novel strain of coronavirus, COVID-19 ("the Pandemic"). The Pandemic is having an unprecedented impact on the U.S. economy as federal, state and local governments react to this public health crisis, such as travel restrictions, quarantines and "stay-at-home" orders. The uncertainties caused by these events and actions include, but are not limited to, the adverse effect of the Pandemic on the economy, our vendors, our employees and customers and customer sentiment in general. Continued impacts of the Pandemic have materially adversely impacted global economic

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Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

March 31, 2020

1. Description of Business and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Continued)

conditions, and could impact our business, results of operations and financial condition. The extent of the impact of the Pandemic on our business and financial results and volatility of our stock price will depend largely on future developments, including the duration of the spread of the outbreak, the impact on capital and financial markets and the related impact on the financial circumstances of our customers, all of which are highly uncertain and cannot be reasonably estimated as of this report.

Sale of Segment

        On May 5, 2020, pursuant to an Asset Purchase Agreement (the "Purchase Agreement") entered in on May 2, 2020, the Company sold the assets of its Agriculture and Weather Analytics segment, composed of its ClearAg and ClearPath Weather product lines, to DTN, LLC ("DTN"), an operating company of TBG AG, a Swiss-based holding company. As of March 31, 2020, the Company determined that Agriculture and Weather Analytics did not meet the held for sale classification criteria under Accounting Standard Codification Topic 360 ("ASC 360"), and as such, Agriculture and Weather Analytics assets and liabilities as of March 31, 2020, and the results of operations for all periods presented are not classified as held for sale and are included in continuing operations in the consolidated financial statements. See Note 14 for further details on the sale of the Agriculture and Weather Analytics segment.

Basis of Presentation

        Our consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Iteris, Inc. and all its subsidiaries and have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America ("GAAP"). All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

Use of Estimates

        The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires our management to make certain estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Significant estimates made in the preparation of the consolidated financial statements include the collectability of accounts receivable and related allowance for doubtful accounts, projections of taxable income used to assess realizability of deferred tax assets, warranty reserves, costs to complete long-term contracts, indirect cost rates used in cost plus contracts, the valuation of purchased intangible assets and goodwill, the valuation of equity instruments, estimates of future cash flows used to assess the recoverability of long-lived assets and the impairment of goodwill, and fair value of our stock option awards used to calculate the stock-based compensation.

Revenue Recognition

        Revenues are recognized when control of the promised goods or services are transferred to our customers, in a gross amount that reflects the consideration that we expect to be entitled to in exchange for those goods or services. We generate all of our revenue from contracts with customers.

        Product revenue related contracts with customers begin when we acknowledge a purchase order for a specific customer order of product to be delivered in the near term. These purchase orders are

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Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

March 31, 2020

1. Description of Business and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Continued)

short-term in nature. Product revenue is recognized at a point in time upon shipment or upon customer receipt of the product, depending on shipping terms. The Company determined that this method best represents the transfer of goods as transfer of control typically occurs upon shipment or upon customer receipt of the product.

        Service revenues, primarily derived from the Transportation Systems and Agriculture and Weather Analytics segments, are primarily from long-term engineering and consulting service contracts with governmental agencies. These contracts generally include performance obligations in which control is transferred over time. We recognize revenue on fixed fee contracts, over time, using the proportion of actual costs incurred to the total costs expected to complete the contract performance obligation. The Company determined that this method best represents the transfer of services as the proportion closely depicts the efforts or inputs completed towards the satisfaction of a fixed fee contract performance obligation. Time & Materials ("T&M") and Cost Plus Fixed Fee ("CPFF") contracts are considered variable consideration. However, performance obligations with these fee types qualify for the "Right to Invoice" Practical Expedient. Under this practical expedient, the Company is allowed to recognize revenue, over time, in the amount to which the Company has a right to invoice. In addition, the Company is not required to estimate such variable consideration upon inception of the contract and reassess the estimate each reporting period. The Company determined that this method best represents the transfer of services as, upon billing, the Company has a right to consideration from a customer in an amount that directly corresponds with the value to the customer of the Company's performance completed to date.

        Service revenues also consist of revenues derived from maintenance and support, as well as the use of the Company's service platforms and APIs on a subscription basis. We generate this revenue from fees for maintenance and support, monthly active user fees, software-as-a-service ("SaaS") fees, and hosting and storage fees. In most cases, the subscription or transaction arrangement is a single performance obligation comprised of a series of distinct services that are substantially the same and that have the same pattern of transfer (i.e., distinct days of service). The Company applies a time-based measure of progress to the total transaction price, which results in ratable recognition over the term of the contract. The Company determined that this method best represents the transfer of services as the customer obtains equal benefit from the service throughout the service period.

        The Company accounts for individual goods and services separately if they are distinct performance obligations, which often requires significant judgment based upon knowledge of the products and/or services, the solution provided and the structure of the sales contract. In SaaS agreements, we provide a service to the customer which combines the software functionality, maintenance and hosting into a single performance obligation. In product related contracts, a purchase order may contain different products, each constituting a separate performance obligation.

        We generally estimate variable consideration at the most likely amount to which we expect to be entitled and in certain cases based on the expected value, which requires judgment. We include estimated amounts in the transaction price to the extent it is probable that a significant reversal of cumulative revenue recognized will not occur when the uncertainty associated with the variable consideration is resolved. Our estimates of variable consideration and determination of whether to include estimated amounts in the transaction price are based largely on an assessment of our anticipated performance and all information (historical, current and forecasted) that is reasonably available to us. We review and update these estimates on a quarterly basis.

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Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

March 31, 2020

1. Description of Business and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Continued)

        The Company's typical performance obligations include the following:

Performance Obligation
  When Performance
Obligation is Typically
Satisfied
  When Payment is
Typically Due
  How Standalone
Selling Price is
Typically Estimated
Product Revenues            

Standard purchase orders for delivery of a tangible product

  Upon shipment (point in time)   Within 30 days of delivery   Observable transactions

Engineering services where the deliverable is considered a product

  As work is performed (over time)   Within 30 days of services being invoiced   Estimated using a cost-plus margin approach

Service Revenues

 

 

 

 

 

 

Engineering and consulting services

  As work is performed (over time)   Within 30 days of services being invoiced   Estimated using a cost-plus margin approach

SaaS

  Over the course of the SaaS service once the system is available for use (over time)   At the beginning of the contract period   Estimated using a cost-plus margin approach

Disaggregation of Revenue

        The Company disaggregates revenue from contracts with customers into reportable segments and the nature of the products and services. See Note 12 for our revenue by reportable segment.

Trade Accounts Receivable and Contract Balances

        We classify our right to consideration in exchange for goods and services as either a receivable or a contract asset. A receivable is a right to consideration that is unconditional (i.e. only the passage of time is required before payment is due). We present such receivables in trade accounts receivable, net in our consolidated balance sheet at their net estimated realizable value.

        The Company maintains an allowance for doubtful accounts to provide for the estimated amount of receivables that will not be collected. If warranted, the allowance is increased by the Company's provision for doubtful accounts, which is charged against income. All recoveries on receivables previously charged off are included in income, while direct charge-offs of receivables are deducted from the allowance.

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Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

March 31, 2020

1. Description of Business and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Continued)

        A contract asset is a right to consideration that is conditional upon factors other than the passage of time. Contract assets are presented as unbilled accounts receivable on the accompanying balance sheet. For example, we would record a contract asset if we record revenue on a professional services engagement, but are not entitled to bill until we achieve specified milestones.

        Our contract assets and refund liabilities are reported in a net position on a contract basis at the end of each reporting period. Refund liabilities are consideration received in advance of the satisfaction of performance obligations.

Contract Fulfillment Costs

        The Company evaluates whether or not we should capitalize the costs of fulfilling a contract. Such costs would be capitalized when they are not within the scope of other standards and: (1) are directly related to a contract; (2) generate or enhance resources that will be used to satisfy performance obligations; and (3) are expected to be recovered. As of March 31, 2020 and 2019, there was approximately $1,236,000 and $172,000, respectively, of contract fulfillment costs which are presented in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets as prepaid and other current assets. These costs primarily relate to the satisfaction of performance obligations related to the set up of SaaS platforms. These costs are amortized on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful life of the SaaS platform.

Transaction Price Allocated to the Remaining Performance Obligations

        As of March 31, 2020 and 2019, the aggregate amount of transaction price allocated to remaining performance obligations was immaterial primarily as a result of termination provisions within our contracts which make the duration of the accounting term of the contract one year or less.

Practical Expedients and Exemptions

        T&M and CPFF contracts are considered variable consideration. However, performance obligations with an underlying fee type of T&M or CPFF qualify for the "Right to Invoice" Practical Expedient under ASC 606-10-55-18. Under this practical expedient, the Company is not required to estimate such variable consideration upon inception of the contract and reassess the estimate each reporting period.

        The Company utilizes the practical expedient under ASC 606-10-50-14 of not disclosing information about its remaining performance obligations for contracts with an original expected duration (i.e., contract term, determined based on the analysis of termination provisions described above) of 12 months or less.

        The Company pays sales commissions on certain sales contracts. These costs are accrued in the same period that the revenues are recorded. Using the practical expedient under ASC 340-40-25-4, the Company recognizes the incremental costs of obtaining a contract as an expense when incurred since the amortization period of the asset that the Company otherwise would have recognized is one year or less.

        The Company utilizes the practical expedient under ASC 606-10-25-18B to account for shipping and handling as fulfillment costs, and not a promised service (a revenue element). Shipping and handling costs are included as cost of revenues in the period during which the products ship.

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Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

March 31, 2020

1. Description of Business and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Continued)

        The Company excludes from the transaction price all sales taxes that are assessed by a governmental authority and that are imposed on and concurrent with a specific revenue-producing transaction and collected from a customer (for example, sales, use, value added, and some excise taxes). This employs the practical expedient under ASC 606-10-32-2A. Sales taxes are presented on a net basis (excluded from revenues) in the Company's consolidated statements of operations.

Deferred Revenue

        Deferred revenue in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets is comprised of refund liabilities related to billings and consideration received in advance of the satisfaction of performance obligations.

Concentration of Credit Risk

        Financial instruments that potentially subject us to a concentration of credit risk consist principally of cash and cash equivalents and trade accounts receivable.

        Cash and cash equivalents consist primarily of demand deposits and money market funds maintained with several financial institutions. Deposits held with banks may exceed the amount of insurance provided on such deposits. Generally, these deposits may be redeemed upon demand and are maintained with high quality financial institutions, and therefore are believed to have minimal credit risk.

        Our accounts receivable are primarily derived from billings with customers located throughout North America, as well as in Europe, South America and Asia. We generally do not require collateral or other security from our domestic customers. We maintain an allowance for doubtful accounts for potential credit losses, which losses have historically been within management's expectations.

        We currently have, and historically have had, a diverse customer base. For the fiscal year ended March 31, 2020 ("Fiscal 2020"), no individual customer represented greater than 10% of our total revenues. For the fiscal years ended March 31, 2019 ("Fiscal 2019") and March 31, 2018 ("Fiscal 2018"), one individual customer represented approximately 24% and 22%, respectively, of our total revenues. As of March 31, 2020 and 2019, no individual customer represented greater than 10% of our total accounts receivable.

Fair Values of Financial Instruments

        The fair value of cash equivalents, receivables, accounts payable and accrued expenses approximate carrying value because of the short period of time to maturity. Our investments are measured at fair value on a recurring basis.

        The framework for measuring fair value and related disclosure requirements about fair value measurements are provided in ASC 820, Fair Value Measurements ("ASC 820"). This pronouncement defines fair value as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. The fair value hierarchy proscribed by ASC 820 contains three levels as follows:

            Level 1—Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

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Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

March 31, 2020

1. Description of Business and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Continued)

            Level 2—Observable inputs other than quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities, quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in inactive markets, or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities.

            Level 3—Inputs that are generally unobservable and typically reflect management's estimate of assumptions that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability.

Cash, Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash

        Cash and cash equivalents consist of cash and short-term investments with initial maturities of 90 days or less.

        Restricted cash as of March 31, 2020 consisted of $146,000 related to cash restricted for shares purchased under the Employee Stock Purchase Plan ("ESPP") (see Note 9 for further details on the ESPP).

        Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash presented in the accompanying statements of cash flows consist of the following (in thousands):

 
  Year Ended March 31,  
 
  2020   2019  

Cash and cash equivalents

  $ 14,217   $ 7,071  

Restricted cash

    146      

  $ 14,363   $ 7,071  

Investments

        The Company's investments are classified as either held-to-maturity, available-for-sale or trading, in accordance with ASC 320. Held-to-maturity securities are those securities that the Company has the positive intent and ability to hold until maturity. Trading securities are those securities that the Company intends to sell in the near term. All other securities not included in the held-to-maturity or trading category are classified as available-for-sale. Held-to-maturity securities are recorded at amortized cost which approximates fair market value. Trading securities are carried at fair value with unrealized gains and losses charged to earnings. Available-for-sale securities are carried at fair value with unrealized gains and losses recorded within accumulated other comprehensive loss as a separate component of stockholders' equity. ASC 820 defines fair value as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. ASC 820 also establishes a fair value hierarchy which requires an entity to maximize the use of observable inputs, where available (see Note 4). As of March 31, 2020, all of our investments are available-for-sale.

        Under ASC 320-10-35, a security is considered to be other-than-temporarily impaired if the present value of cash flows expected to be collected are less than the security's amortized cost basis (the difference being defined as the "Credit Loss") or if the fair value of the security is less than the security's amortized cost basis and the investor intends, or will be required, to sell the security before

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Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

March 31, 2020

1. Description of Business and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Continued)

recovery of the security's amortized cost basis. If an other-than-temporary impairment exists, the charge to earnings is limited to the amount of Credit Loss if the investor does not intend to sell the security, and will not be required to sell the security, before recovery of the security's amortized cost basis. Any remaining difference between fair value and amortized cost is recognized in other comprehensive loss, net of applicable taxes. The Company evaluates whether the decline in fair value of its investments is other-than-temporary at each quarter-end. This evaluation consists of a review by management, and includes market pricing information and maturity dates for the securities held, market and economic trends in the industry and information on the issuer's financial condition and, if applicable, information on the guarantors' financial condition. Factors considered in determining whether a loss is temporary include the length of time and extent to which the investment's fair value has been less than its cost basis, the financial condition and near-term prospects of the issuer and guarantors, including any specific events which may influence the operations of the issuer and the Company's intent and ability to retain the investment for a reasonable period of time sufficient to allow for any anticipated recovery of fair value.

Allowance for Doubtful Accounts

        The collectability of our accounts receivable is evaluated through review of outstanding invoices and ongoing credit evaluations of our customers' financial condition. In cases where we are aware of circumstances that may impair a specific customer's ability to meet its financial obligations subsequent to the original sale, we will record an allowance against amounts due, and thereby reduce the net recognized accounts receivable to the amount we reasonably believe will be collected. We also maintain an allowance based on our historical collections experience. When we determine that collection is not likely, we write off accounts receivable against the allowance for doubtful accounts.

Inventories

        Inventories consist of finished goods, work-in-process and raw materials and are stated at the lower of cost or net realizable value. Cost is determined using the first-in, first-out method.

Property and Equipment

        Property and equipment are recorded at cost and are depreciated using the straight-line method over the estimated useful life ranging from three to eight years. Leasehold improvements are depreciated over the term of the related lease or the estimated useful life of the improvement, whichever is shorter.

Intangible Assets

        Intangible assets with determinable economic lives are carried at cost, less accumulated amortization. Amortization is computed over the estimated useful life of each asset on a straight-line basis. The Company determines the useful lives of identifiable intangible assets after considering the specific facts and circumstances related to each intangible asset. Factors the Company considers when determining useful lives include the contractual term of any agreement related to the asset, the historical performance of the asset, the Company's long-term strategy for using the asset, any laws or other local regulations which could impact the useful life of the asset and other economic factors, including competition and specific market conditions.

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Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

March 31, 2020

1. Description of Business and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Continued)

Goodwill and Long-Lived Assets

        The Company has the option to first perform a qualitative assessment to determine if it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying value. However, the Company may elect to bypass the qualitative assessment and proceed directly to the quantitative impairment tests. The first step of the impairment test involves comparing the fair value of the reporting unit to its net book value, including goodwill. If the net book value exceeds its fair value, the Company would perform the second step of the goodwill impairment test to determine the amount of the impairment loss. We perform an annual qualitative assessment of our goodwill during the fourth fiscal quarter, or more frequently, to determine if any events or circumstances exist, such as an adverse change in business climate or a decline in overall industry demand, that would indicate that it would more likely than not reduce the fair value of a reporting unit below its carrying amount, including goodwill. If events or circumstances do not indicate that the fair value of a reporting unit is below its carrying amount, then goodwill is not considered to be impaired and no further testing is required, if otherwise, we compare the fair value of our reporting unit to its carrying value, including goodwill. If the carrying amount of a reporting unit exceeds the reporting unit's fair value, the amount by which the carrying value of the goodwill exceeds its implied fair value, if any, is recognized as an impairment loss. We monitor the indicators for goodwill impairment testing between annual tests. As of March 31, 2020 and 2019, we determined that no adjustments to the carrying value of goodwill were required.

        We test long-lived assets and purchased intangible assets (other than goodwill) for impairment if we believe indicators of impairment exist. We determine whether the carrying value of an asset or asset group is recoverable, based on comparisons to undiscounted expected future cash flows the asset or asset group is expected to generate. If an asset is not recoverable, we record an impairment loss equal to the amount by which the carrying value of the asset exceeds its fair value. We primarily use the income valuation approach to determine the fair value of our long lived assets and purchased intangible assets. As of March 31, 2020 and 2019, there was no impairment to our long-lived and intangible assets.

Income Taxes

        We utilize the asset and liability method of accounting for income taxes, under which deferred taxes are determined based on the temporary differences between the financial statement and tax basis of assets and liabilities using tax rates expected to be in effect during the years in which the basis differences reverse. A valuation allowance is recorded when it is more-likely-than-not that some or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized, which increases our income tax expense in the period such determination is made. As such, we determined it was appropriate to record a full valuation allowance against our deferred tax assets. We will continuously reassess the appropriateness of maintaining a valuation allowance.

        Income tax positions must meet a more-likely-than-not recognition threshold to be recognized. Income tax positions that previously failed to meet the more-likely-than-not threshold are recognized in the first subsequent financial reporting period in which that threshold is met. Previously recognized tax positions that no longer meet the more-likely-than-not threshold are derecognized in the first subsequent financial reporting period in which that threshold is no longer met.

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Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

March 31, 2020

1. Description of Business and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Continued)

Stock-Based Compensation

        We record stock-based compensation in our consolidated statements of operations as an expense, based on the estimated grant date fair value of our stock-based awards, whereby such fair values are amortized over the requisite service period. Our stock-based awards are currently comprised of common stock options and restricted stock units. The fair value of our common stock option awards is estimated on the grant date using the Black-Scholes-Merton option-pricing formula. While utilizing this model meets established requirements, the estimated fair values generated by it may not be indicative of the actual fair values of our common stock option awards as it does not consider certain factors important to those awards to employees, such as continued employment and periodic vesting requirements, as well as limited transferability. The fair value of our restricted stock units is based on the closing market price of our common stock on the grant date. If there are any modifications or cancellations of the underlying unvested stock-based awards, we may be required to accelerate, increase or cancel any remaining unearned stock-based compensation expense.

Research and Development Expenditures

        Research and development expenditures are charged to expense in the period incurred.

Shipping and Handling Costs

        Shipping and handling costs are included as cost of revenues in the period during which the products ship.

Sales Taxes

        Sales taxes are presented on a net basis (excluded from revenues) in the consolidated statements of operations.

Right-of-Use Assets and Lease Liabilities

        We determine if an arrangement contains a lease at inception and determine the classification of the lease, as either operating or finance, at commencement.

        Right-of-use assets and lease liabilities are recorded based on the present value of future lease payments which factors in certain qualifying initial direct costs incurred as well as any lease incentives received. If an implicit rate is not readily determinable, we utilize inputs from third-party lenders to determine the appropriate discount rate. Lease expense for operating lease payments are recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term. Finance leases incur interest expense using the effective interest method in addition to amortization of the leased asset on straight-line basis, both over the applicable lease term. Lease terms may factor in options to extend or terminate the lease.

        We adhere to the short-term lease recognition exemption for all classes of assets (i.e. facilities and equipment). As a result, leases with an initial term of twelve months or less are not recorded on the balance sheet and are recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term. In addition, for certain equipment leases, we account for lease and non-lease components, such as services, as a single lease component as permitted.

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Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

March 31, 2020

1. Description of Business and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Continued)

Warranty

        We generally provide a one to three year warranty from the original invoice date on all products, materials and workmanship. Products sold to various original equipment manufacturer customers sometimes carry longer warranties. Defective products will be either repaired or replaced, usually at our option, upon meeting certain criteria. We accrue a provision for the estimated costs that may be incurred for product warranties relating to a product as a component of cost of sales at the time revenue for that product is recognized. The accrued warranty reserve is included within accrued liabilities in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets. We do not provide any service-type warranties.

Repair and Maintenance Costs

        We incur repair and maintenance costs in the normal course of business. Should the repair or maintenance result in a permanent improvement to one of our leased facilities, the cost is capitalized as a leasehold improvement and amortized over its useful life or the remainder of the lease period, whichever is shorter. Non-permanent repair and maintenance costs are charged to expense as incurred.

Comprehensive Loss

        The difference between net loss and comprehensive loss was de minimis for the Fiscal 2020, Fiscal 2019, and Fiscal 2018.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

        In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases ("ASU 2016-02"). ASU No. 2016-02 establishes a right-of-use model that requires a lessee to record a right-of-use asset and a lease liability on the balance sheet for all leases with terms longer than 12 months. Leases will be classified as either "finance" or "operating," with classification affecting the pattern of expense recognition in the income statement. This update was effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim periods within those fiscal years. As a result of the adoption of ASU 2016-02, on April 1, 2019, the Company recognized (a) an operating lease liability of $14.2 million, which represents the present value of our remaining lease payments and (b) a related right-of-use asset of $13.4 million. In addition, the Company derecognized approximately $827,000 of deferred rent liability. The adoption of ASU 2016-02 did not have a material impact on the Company's statement of operations, cash flows, or stockholders' equity. Due to the adoption of the standard using the modified retrospective cumulative-effect adjustment method, there are no changes to our previously reported results prior to April 1, 2019. See Note 7, Right-of-Use Assets and Lease Liabilities, for additional details.

        In August 2018, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") No. 2018-13, Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Disclosure Framework—Changes to the Disclosure Requirement for Fair Value Measurements ("ASU 2018-13"), which modifies the disclosure requirements on fair value measurements. This update is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2019, and early adoption is permitted. We have completed our preliminary assessment and do not anticipate this pronouncement will have a significant impact on our consolidated financial statements upon adoption.

        In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-15, Intangibles—Goodwill and Other—Internal Use Software (subtopic 350-40): Customer's Accounting for Implementation Costs Incurred in a Cloud

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Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

March 31, 2020

1. Description of Business and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Continued)

Computing Arrangement That Is a Service Contract ("ASU 2018-15"), which clarifies the accounting for implementation costs in cloud computing arrangements. This update is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2019, and early adoption is permitted. We have completed our preliminary assessment and do not anticipate this pronouncement will have a significant impact on our consolidated financial statements upon adoption.

        In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments—Credit Losses (Topic 326), Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments. This update requires that certain financial assets be measured at amortized cost net of an allowance for estimated credit losses such that the net receivable represents the present value of expected cash collection. In addition, this standard update requires that certain financial assets be measured at amortized cost reflecting an allowance for estimated credit losses expected to occur over the life of the assets. The estimate of credit losses must be based on all relevant information including historical information, current conditions and reasonable and supportable forecasts that affect the collectability of the amounts. In November 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-10, Financial Instruments—Credit Losses (Topic 326), Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815) and Leases (Topic 842): Effective Dates, which defers the effective date of ASU 2016-13 to fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022 for all entities except SEC reporting companies that are not smaller reporting companies. As a smaller reporting company, ASU 2016-13 will now be effective for our fiscal year 2024 beginning April 1, 2023; however, early adoption is permitted. We are currently evaluating the timing and impact of adopting ASU 2016-13 on our consolidated financial statements.

        In July 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-07, "Codification Updates to SEC Sections". This update simplifies the guidance in various sections that was duplicative, redundant or outdated. The Company adopted this update effective July 2019. It did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements upon adoption.

        In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU No. 2019-12, Income Taxes (Topic 740), Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes. The ASU removes certain exceptions to the general principles in Topic 740 and also clarifies and amends existing guidance to improve consistent application. This ASU is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020, including interim periods within that fiscal year, with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this ASU, however we do not anticipate this pronouncement will have a significant impact on our consolidated financial statements upon adoption.

2. Supplementary Financial Information

Inventories

        The following table presents details regarding our inventories:

 
  March 31,  
 
  2020   2019  
 
  (In thousands)
 

Materials and supplies

  $ 1,380   $ 1,517  

Work in process

    162     356  

Finished goods

    1,498     1,043  

  $ 3,040   $ 2,916  

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Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

March 31, 2020

2. Supplementary Financial Information (Continued)

Property and Equipment, net

        The following table presents details of our property and equipment, net:

 
  March 31,  
 
  2020   2019  
 
  (In thousands)
 

Equipment

  $ 7,134   $ 6,444  

Leasehold improvements

    3,009     2,939  

Accumulated depreciation

    (8,201 )   (7,418 )

  $ 1,942   $ 1,965  

        Depreciation expense was approximately $848,000, $854,000 and $819,000 in Fiscal 2020, Fiscal 2019 and Fiscal 2018, respectively. Approximately $291,000, $286,000 and $288,000 of the depreciation expense was recorded to cost of revenues, and approximately $557,000, $568,000 and $531,000 was recorded to operating expenses in Fiscal 2020, Fiscal 2019 and Fiscal 2018, respectively, in the consolidated statements of operations.

Intangible Assets

        The following table presents details regarding our intangible assets:

 
  March 31, 2020   March 31, 2019  
 
  Gross
Carrying
Amount
  Accumulated
Amortization
  Net
Book
Value
  Gross
Carrying
Amount
  Accumulated
Amortization
  Net
Book
Value
 
 
  (In thousands)
 

Technology

  $ 1,856   $ (1,856 ) $   $ 1,856   $ (1,856 ) $  

Customer contracts / relationships

    4,250     (1,188 )   3,062     750     (750 )    

Trade names and non-compete agreements

    1,320     (1,163 )   157     1,110     (1,110 )    

Capitalized software development costs

    6,400     (3,482 )   2,918     5,768     (2,482 )   3,286  

Total

  $ 13,826   $ (7,689 ) $ 6,137   $ 9,484   $ (6,198 ) $ 3,286  

        Amortization expense for intangible assets subject to amortization was approximately $1.5 million, $1.1 million and $726,000 for Fiscal 2020, Fiscal 2019 and Fiscal 2018, respectively. Approximately $736,000, $850,000 and $638,000 of the intangible asset amortization was recorded to cost of revenues, and approximately $757,000, $275,000 and $88,000 was recorded to amortization expense for Fiscal 2020, Fiscal 2019 and Fiscal 2018, respectively, in the consolidated statements of operations. The weighted average remaining useful lives of the intangible assets as of March 31, 2020 is 5.3 years.

        We do not have any intangible assets with indefinite useful lives. Our net customer contracts/relationships have a useful life of 6 years beginning Fiscal 2020. Our net tradenames and non-compete agreements have a useful life of 3 years beginning Fiscal 2020. Our net capitalized software development costs of approximately $2.9 million and $3.3 million primarily consisted of our Oracle Enterprise Resource Planning ("ERP") system design and implementation of approximately

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Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

March 31, 2020

2. Supplementary Financial Information (Continued)

$1.9 million and $2.2 million as of March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively, which has a useful life of 10 years beginning Fiscal 2019.

        As of March 31, 2020, the future estimated amortization expense is as follows:

Year Ending March 31,
   
 
(In thousands)
   
 

2021

  $ 1,419  

2022

    1,234  

2023

    1,010  

2024

    879  

2025

    849  

Thereafter

    746  

  $ 6,137  

Goodwill

        The following table presents the carrying value of our goodwill by reportable segments for Fiscal 2018, Fiscal 2019 and Fiscal 2020:

 
  Roadway
Sensors
  Transportation
Systems
  Ag & Weather
Analytics
  Total  
 
  (In thousands)
 

Balance—March 31, 2018

                         

Goodwill

  $ 8,214   $ 14,906   $ 2,168   $ 25,288  

Accumulated impairment losses

        (7,970 )   (2,168 )   (10,138 )

  $ 8,214   $ 6,936   $   $ 15,150  

Balance—March 31, 2019

                         

Goodwill

  $ 8,214   $ 14,906   $ 2,168   $ 25,288  

Accumulated impairment losses

        (7,970 )   (2,168 )   (10,138 )

  $ 8,214   $ 6,936   $   $ 15,150  

Balance—March 31, 2020

                         

Goodwill

  $ 8,214   $ 14,906   $ 2,168   $ 25,288  

Acquired goodwill (see Note 11)

        5,440         5,440  

Accumulated impairment losses

        (7,970 )   (2,168 )   (10,138 )

  $ 8,214   $ 12,376   $   $ 20,590  

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Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

March 31, 2020

2. Supplementary Financial Information (Continued)

Warranty Reserve Activity

        The following table presents activity with respect to the warranty reserve:

 
  Year Ended March 31,  
 
  2020   2019   2018  
 
  (In thousands)
 

Balance at beginning of fiscal year

  $ 463   $ 403   $ 278  

Additions charged to cost of sales

    649     647     623  

Warranty claims

    (696 )   (587 )   (498 )

Balance at end of fiscal year

  $ 416   $ 463   $ 403  

Earnings Per Share

        The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted loss from continuing operations per share:

 
  Year Ended March 31,  
 
  2020   2019   2018  
 
  (In thousands, except per
share amounts)

 

Numerator:

                   

Loss from continuing operations

  $ (5,610 ) $ (7,816 ) $ (3,768 )

Gain on sale of discontinued operation, net of tax

            242  

Net loss

  $ (5,610 ) $ (7,816 ) $ (3,526 )

Denominator:

                   

Weighted average common shares used in basic and diluted computation

    39,012     33,266     32,776  

Loss from continuing operations per share:

                   

Basic

  $ (0.14 ) $ (0.23 ) $ (0.12 )

Diluted

  $ (0.14 ) $ (0.23 ) $ (0.12 )

        The following instruments were excluded for purposes of calculating weighted average common share equivalents in the computation of diluted loss per share from continuing operations as their effect would have been anti-dilutive:

 
  Year Ended March 31,  
 
  2020   2019   2018  
 
  (In thousands)
 

Stock options

    6,190     5,056     3,917  

Restricted stock units

    110     12     228  

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Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

March 31, 2020

3. Sale of Vehicle Sensors

        On July 29, 2011, we completed the sale (the "Asset Sale") of substantially all of our assets used in connection with our prior Vehicle Sensors segment to Bendix Commercial Vehicle Systems LLC ("Bendix"), a member of Knorr Bremse Group. In connection with the Asset Sale, we are entitled to additional consideration in the form of the following performance and royalty related earn-outs: Bendix was obligated to pay us an amount in cash equal to 85% of revenue associated with royalties received under our license and distribution agreements with Audiovox Electronics Corporation and Valeo Schalter and Sensoren GmbH through December 31, 2017, subject to certain reductions and limitations set forth in the asset purchase agreement. From the date of the Asset Sale, through March 31, 2019, we received approximately $2.7 million in connection with royalty-related earn-outs provisions for a total of $18 million in cash received from the Asset Sale.

        In accordance with applicable accounting guidance, we determined that the Vehicle Sensors segment, which constituted one of our operating segments, qualified as a discontinued operation. For the fiscal years ended March 31, 2020, March 31, 2019, and 2018, we recorded a gain on sale of discontinued operation of approximately $0, $0 and $242,000, respectively, net of tax, related to the earn-out provisions of the asset purchase agreement.

4. Fair Value Measurements

        We measure fair value as the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. Fair value measurements are based on a three-tier hierarchy that prioritizes the inputs used to measure fair value. These tiers include:

        Level 1—Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

        Level 2—Observable inputs other than quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities, quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in inactive markets, or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities.

        Level 3—Inputs that are generally unobservable and typically reflect management's estimate of assumptions that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability.

        We did not have any material financial assets or liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis using Level 3 inputs as of March 31, 2020 or 2019. Our non-financial assets, such as goodwill, intangible assets, property and equipment, and acquired assets and liabilities assumed are measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis, generally when there is a transaction involving those assets such as a purchase transaction, a business combination or an adjustment for impairment. In Fiscal 2020, Fiscal 2019 and Fiscal 2018, Level 3 inputs were used to evaluate the fair value of our goodwill in our two reporting units that had goodwill balances. No other non-financial assets were measured at fair value during the fiscal years ended March 31, 2020, March 31, 2019 and March 31, 2018.

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Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

March 31, 2020

4. Fair Value Measurements (Continued)

        The following tables present the Company's financial assets that are recorded at fair value on a recurring basis, segregated among the appropriate levels within the fair value hierarchy:

 
  As of March 31, 2020  
 
  Amortized
Cost
  Gross
Unrealized
Loss
  Gross
Unrealized
Gain
  Estimated
Fair Value
 
 
  (In thousands)
 

Level 1:

                         

Money market funds

  $ 10,576   $ (1 ) $   $ 10,575  

Subtotal

    10,576     (1 )       10,575  

Level 2:

                         

Commercial paper

    1,495     (1 )       1,494  

Corporate notes and bonds

    6,044     (22 )       6,022  

US Treasuries

    3,013         20     3,033  

US Government agencies

    1,007             1,007  

Subtotal

    11,559     (23 )   20     11,556  

Total

  $ 22,135   $ (24 ) $ 20   $ 22,131  

 

 
  As of March 31, 2019  
 
  Amortized
Cost
  Gross
Unrealized
Loss
  Gross
Unrealized
Gain
  Estimated
Fair Value
 
 
  (In thousands)
 

Level 1:

                         

Money market funds

  $ 3,338   $   $   $ 3,338  

Subtotal

    3,338             3,338  

Level 2:

                         

Commercial paper

                   

Corporate notes and bonds

    1,434     (1 )       1,433  

US Treasuries

    502             502  

Subtotal

    1,936     (1 )       1,935  

Total

  $ 5,274   $ (1 ) $   $ 5,273  

        Unrealized losses related to these investments are due to interest rate fluctuations as opposed to credit quality. In addition, we do not intend to sell, and it is not more likely than not that we would be required to sell, these investments before recovery of their cost basis. As a result, there is no other-than-temporary impairment for these investments as of March 31, 2020.

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Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

March 31, 2020

5. Income Taxes

        The components of current and deferred federal and state income tax (benefits) provision are as follows: