Company Quick10K Filing
Quick10K
Invo Bioscience
Closing Price ($) Shares Out (MM) Market Cap ($MM)
$0.30 155 $47
10-Q 2019-06-30 Quarter: 2019-06-30
10-Q 2019-03-31 Quarter: 2019-03-31
10-K 2018-12-31 Annual: 2018-12-31
10-Q 2018-09-30 Quarter: 2018-09-30
10-Q 2018-06-30 Quarter: 2018-06-30
10-Q 2018-03-31 Quarter: 2018-03-31
10-K 2017-12-31 Annual: 2017-12-31
10-Q 2017-09-30 Quarter: 2017-09-30
10-Q 2017-06-30 Quarter: 2017-06-30
10-Q 2017-03-31 Quarter: 2017-03-31
10-K 2016-12-31 Annual: 2016-12-31
10-Q 2016-09-30 Quarter: 2016-09-30
10-Q 2016-06-30 Quarter: 2016-06-30
10-Q 2016-03-31 Quarter: 2016-03-31
10-K 2015-12-31 Annual: 2015-12-31
8-K 2019-09-19 Accountant, Exhibits
8-K 2019-08-14 Earnings, Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2019-01-14 Enter Agreement, Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-11-13 Enter Agreement, Other Events, Exhibits
ETP Energy Transfer Operating 22,278
EQGP Eqgp Holdings 7,468
FVTI Fortune Valley Treasures 308
PGTK Pacific Green Technologies 88
IWSY Imageware Systems 59
WLMS Williams Industrial Services Group 58
ANDR Andrea Electronics 5
HICT Hiclasst 0
WDNT Worldnet of Nevada 0
DTRC Dakota Territory Resource 0
IVOB 2019-06-30
Part I. Financial Information
Item 1. Financial Statements
Note 1 - Basis of Presentation
Note 2 - Recent Accounting Pronouncements
Note 3 - Liquidity
Note 4 - Inventory
Note 5 - Property and Equipment
Note 6 - Patents
Note 7 - Leases
Note 8 - Notes Payable
Note 9 - Notes Payable and Other Related Party Transactions
Note 10 - Stockholders' Equity
Note 11 - Stock Options and Warrants
Note 12 - Commitments and Contingencies
Note 13 - Contracts with Customers
Note 14 - Subsequent Events
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risks
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Item 4A. Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
Item 4B. Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
Part II. Other Information
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Item 2. Unregistered Issuance of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Item 5. Other Information
Item 6. Exhibits
EX-31.1 ex_154800.htm
EX-31.2 ex_154801.htm
EX-32 ex_154802.htm

Invo Bioscience Earnings 2019-06-30

IVOB 10Q Quarterly Report

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow

10-Q 1 invobio20190630_10q.htm FORM 10-Q invobio20190630_10q.htm

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 


 

FORM 10-Q

 


 

  QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES

EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2019

 

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES

EXCHANGE

 

Commission file number 333-147330

 

INVO Bioscience, Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Nevada

 

20-4036208

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 

5582 Broadcast Court Sarasota, Florida, 34240

(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)

 

 (978) 878-9505

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes ☒  No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).  Yes ☒  No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer ☐

Accelerated filer ☐

 

Non-accelerated filer ☐

Smaller reporting company ☒

Emerging growth company ☐

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐

  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes ☐  No ☒

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:  None.

 

Title of each class

Trading symbol(s)

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common Stock, $0.0001 par value per share

IVOB

OTCMKTS

 

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.

 

Shares of common stock, par value $.0001 per share:  155,546,112 shares outstanding as of August 14, 2019.

 

 

INVO BIOSCIENCE, INC.

FORM 10-Q

FOR THE QUARTER ENDED June 30, 2019

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

Item

 

Page Number

Part I

 

 

 

1.

Financial Statements (Unaudited):

3

 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of June 30, 2019 (Unaudited) and December 31, 2018

3

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018 (Unaudited)

 4

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Shareholders’ Deficiency for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018 (unaudited)

5

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018 (Unaudited)

6

 

Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

7

2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

17

3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risks

22

4.

Controls and Procedures

22

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

22

 

Changes in Internal Controls Over Financial Reporting

23

 

 

 

Part II

 

 

 

1.

Legal Proceedings

24

1A.

Risk Factors

25

2.

Unregistered Issuance of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

25

3.

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

25

4.

Mine Safety Disclosure

25

5.

Other Information

25

6.

Exhibits

25

 

Signatures

26

 

 

PART I.  FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1.       Financial Statements

 

INVO BIOSCIENCE, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

 

   

June 30,

   

December 31,

 
   

2019

   

2018

 

ASSETS

 

(unaudited)

         

Current assets

               

Cash

  $ 2,663,171     $ 212,243  

Accounts receivable net

    240,214       225,899  

Inventory, net

    76,475       43,513  

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

    195,481       249,454  

Total current assets

    3,175,341       731,109  
                 

Property and equipment, net

    98,109       34,446  
                 

Other Assets:

               

Capitalized patents, net

    9,502       11,792  

Lease right of use, net

    112,827       -  

Total other assets

    122,329       11,792  
                 

Total assets

  $ 3,395,779     $ 777,347  
                 

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' DEFICIENCY

               

Current liabilities

               

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities, including related parties

  $ 528,640     $ 571,828  

Accrued compensation

    969,226       2,515,256  

Deferred revenue

    727,261       18,895  

Current portion of lease liability

    18,898       -  

Note payable

    -       131,722  

Note payable - related party

    35,000       97,743  

Convertible notes, net of discount

    -       157,039  

Convertible notes, related party - net of discount

    -       9,087  

Total current liabilities

    2,279,025       3,501,570  
                 

Commitments and contingencies (Note 12)

    -       -  
                 

Lease liability

    94,173       -  

Deferred revenue

    3,928,571       -  

Convertible notes, net of discount

    232,960       -  

Convertible notes, net of discount – related party

    20,072       -  
                 

Total liabilities

    6,554,801       3,501,570  
                 
                 

Stockholders’ deficiency

               

Preferred Stock, $.0001 par value; 100,000,000 shares authorized;

No shares issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2019 and December 31 2018, respectively

    -       -  

Common Stock, $.0001 par value; 200,000,000 shares authorized; 155,546,112 and 154,292,497 issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively

    15,554       15,429  

Additional paid-in capital

    19,246,768       18,981,570  

Accumulated deficit

    (22,421,344

)

    (21,721,222

)

Total stockholders’ deficiency

    (3,159,022

)

    (2,724,223

)

                 

Total liabilities and stockholders' deficiency

  $ 3,395,779     $ 777,347  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

INVO BIOSCIENCE, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(unaudited)  

 

   

For the Three

   

For the Three

   

For the Six

   

For the Six

 
   

Months Ended

   

Months Ended

   

Months Ended

   

Months Ended

 
   

June 30,

   

June 30,

   

June 30,

   

June 30,

 
   

2019

   

2018

   

2019

   

2018

 
                                 

Revenue:

                               

Product revenue

  $ 480,067     $ 110,210     $ 490,927     $ 214,350  

License revenue

    178,571       -       357,143       -  
                                 
                                 
                                 

Total Revenue

    658,638       110,210       848,070       214,350  
                                 

Cost of Goods Sold

    55,282       16,710       66,260       31,134  
                                 

Gross Margin

    603,356       93,500       781,810       183,216  
                                 
                                 

Selling, general and administrative expenses

    669,152       1,883,946       1,196,717       2,113,945  

Total operating expenses

    669,152       1,883,946       1,196,717       2,113,945  
                                 

Loss from operations

    (65,796

)

    (1,790,446

)

    (414,907

)

    (1,930,729

)

                                 
                                 

Interest expense

    175,756       74,682       285,215       79,122  

Total other expenses

    175,756       74,682       285,215       79,122  
                                 

Loss before income taxes

    (241,552

)

    (1,865,128

)

    (700,122

)

    (2,009,851

)

                                 

Provision for income taxes

    -       -       -       -  
                                 

Net Loss

  $ (241,552

)

  $ (1,865,128

)

  $ (700,122

)

  $ (2,009,851

)

                                 

Basic net loss per weighted average shares of common stock

  $ (0.00

)

  $ (0.01

)

  $ (0.01

)

  $ (0.01

)

                                 

Diluted net loss per weighted average shares of common stock

  $ (0.00

)

  $ (0.01

)

  $ (0.01

)

  $ (0.01

)

                                 

Basic weighted average number of shares of common stock

    155,260,947       147,316,458       154,873,694       145,339,696  
                                 

Diluted weighted average number of shares of common stock

    155,260,947       147,316,458       154,873,694       145,339,696  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.  

 

 

INVO BIOSCIENCE, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ DEFICIENCY

(unaudited)

 

   

Common Stock

                         
   

Shares

   

Amount

   

Additional Paid-in Capital

   

Accumulated Deficit

   

Total

 
                                         

Balance, March 31, 2018

    143,944,700     $ 14,394     $ 13,867,289     $ (18,789,854

)

  $ (4,908,171

)

Common stock issued for cash

    150,000       15       29,985       -       30,000  

Common stock issued for services

    3,360,000       336       1,714,464       -       1,714,800  

Discount on convertible note payable

                    895,000               895,000  

Net loss for the three months ended March 31, 2018

    -       -       -       (1,865,128

)

    (1,865,128

)

Balance, June 30, 2018 (unaudited)

    147,454,700     $ 14,745     $ 16,506,738     $ (20,654,982

)

  $ (4,133,499

)

                                         
                                         

Balance, March 31, 2019

    154,621,112     $ 15,461     $ 19,061,861     $ (22,179,792

)

  $ (3,102,470

)

Conversion of notes payable

    925,000       93       184,907       -       185,000  

Net loss for the three months ended March 31, 2019

    -       -       -       (241,552

)

    (241,552

)

Balance, June 30, 2019 (unaudited)

    155,546,112     $ 15,554     $ 19,246,768     $ (22,421,344

)

  $ (3,159,022

)

 

   

Common Stock

                         
   

Shares

   

Amount

   

Additional Paid-in Capital

   

Accumulated Deficit

   

Total

 
                                         

Balance, December 31, 2017

    142,132,374     $ 14,213     $ 13,638,806     $ (18,645,131

)

  $ (4,992,112

)

Common stock issued for cash

    410,000       41       76,959       -       77,000  

Common stock issued to employees

    1,200,000       120       137,880       -       138,000  

Common stock issued for services

    3,712,326       371       1,758,093       -       1,758,464  

Discount on convertible notes

                    895,000               895,000  

Net loss for the six months ended June 30, 2018

    -       -       -       (2,009,851

)

    (2,009,851

)

Balance, June 30, 2018 (unaudited)

    147,454,700     $ 14,745     $ 16,506,738     $ (20,654,982

)

  $ (4,133,499

)

                                         
                                         

Balance, December 31, 2018

    154,292,497     $ 15,429     $ 18,981,570     $ (21,721,222

)

  $ (2,724,223

)

Common stock issued for services

    60,000       6       26,594       -       26,600  

Conversion of notes payable and accrued interest

    1,193,615       119       238,604       -       238,723  

Net loss for the six months ended June 30, 2019

    -       -       -       (700,122

)

    (700,122

)

Balance, June 30, 2019 (unaudited)

    155,546,112     $ 15,554     $ 19,246,768     $ (22,421,344

)

  $ (3,159,022

)

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

INVO BIOSCIENCE, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(unaudited)

 

   

For the Six

   

For the Six

 
   

Months Ended

   

Months Ended

 
   

June 30,

   

June 30,

 
   

2019

   

2018

 
                 

Cash flows from operating activities:

               

Net loss

  $ (700,122

)

  $ (2,009,851

)

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities:

               

Non-cash stock compensation issued for services

    26,600       1,743,464  

Amortization of discount on notes payable

    256,703       56,446  

Amortization of leasehold right of use asset

    3,614       -  

Depreciation and amortization

    3,465       2,268  

Changes in assets and liabilities:

               

Accounts receivable

    (14,315

)

    (52,696

)

Inventory

    (32,962

)

    (522

)

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

    53,974       21,619  

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

    1,280       (167,131

)

Leasehold liability

    (3,370

)

    -  

Deferred revenue

    4,636,937       -  

Accrued interest

    24,458       -  

Accrued compensation

    (1,546,030

)

    156,900  

Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities

    2,710,232       (249,503

)

                 

Cash from investing activities:

               

Payments to acquire property, plant and equipment

    (64,839

)

    -  

Net cash (used in) investing activities

    (64,839

)

    -  
                 

Cash from financing activities:

               

Proceeds from the sale of common stock

    -       47,000  

Proceeds from the sale of common stock – related parties

    -       30,000  

Proceeds from convertible notes payable

    -       855,000  

Proceeds from convertible notes payable – related parties

    -       40,000  

Principal payments on notes payable - related parties

    (62,743

)

    (28,000

)

Principal payment on notes payable

    (131,722

)

    -  

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

    (194,465

)

    944,000  
                 

Increase in cash and cash equivalents

    2,450,928       694,497  
                 

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

    212,243       25,759  
                 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

  $ 2,663,171     $ 720,256  
                 

Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:

               
                 

Cash paid during the period for:

               
                 

Interest

  $ 9,823     $ -  
                 
Taxes   $ -     $ 912  
                 

Leasehold right of use asset and leasehold liability upon adoption of ASU 2016-02, lease (Topic 842)

  $ 116,441     $ -  
                 

Common stock issued upon note payable and accrued interest conversion

  $ 238,723     $ -  
                 

Common stock issued for prepaid services

  $ -     $ 153,000  
                 

Beneficial conversion feature on convertible notes

  $ -     $ 895,000  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements. 

 

 

INVO BIOSCIENCE, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

June 30, 2019

(unaudited)

 

Note 1 – Basis of Presentation

 

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets as of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, the condensed consolidated statements of operations and stockholders’ deficiency for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018,  and cash flows for the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018 of INVO Bioscience, Inc. (the “Company”), and the related information contained in these notes have been prepared by management and are unaudited. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (which include normal recurring and nonrecurring items) necessary to present fairly the Company’s financial position, results of operations and cash flows in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles for the periods presented have been made. Interim operating results are not necessarily indicative of operating results for a full year.

 

The preparation of our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods. Certain information and note disclosures normally included in the Company’s annual consolidated financial statements prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles have been condensed or omitted. These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s December 31, 2018 Annual Report on Form 10-K previously filed by the Company with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).

 

The Company considers events or transactions that have occurred after the unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheet date of June 30, 2019, but prior to the filing of the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements with the SEC on this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, to provide additional evidence relative to certain estimates or to identify matters that require additional disclosure, as applicable. Subsequent events have been evaluated through the date of the filing of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q with the SEC.

 

Note 2 – Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

Changes to GAAP are established by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) in the form of accounting standards updates (“ASUs”) to the FASB’s Accounting Standards Codification.

 

The Company considers the applicability and impact of all ASUs. ASUs not listed below were assessed and determined not to be applicable or are expected to have minimal impact on the Company’s consolidated financial position and results of operations.

 

Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements 

 

In February 2016, FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases (“ASU 2016-02”). The new standard establishes a right-of-use (“ROU”) model that requires a lessee to record a ROU asset and a lease liability on the balance sheet for all leases with terms longer than 12 months. Leases will be classified as either finance or operating, with classification affecting the pattern of expense recognition in the income statement.  The new standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years. A modified retrospective transition approach is required for lessees for capital and operating leases existing at, or entered into after, the beginning of the earliest comparative period presented in the financial statements, with certain practical expedients available. 

 

The Company adopted the standard effective January 1, 2019. The standard allows a number of optional practical expedients to use for transition. The Company choose the certain practical expedients allowed under the transition guidance which permitted us to not to reassess any existing or expired contracts to determine if they contain embedded leases, to not to reassess our lease classification on existing leases, to account for lease and non-lease components as a single lease component for equipment leases, and whether initial direct costs previously capitalized would qualify for capitalization under FASB ASC 842. The new standard also provides practical expedients and recognition exemptions for an entity's ongoing accounting policy elections. The Company has elected the short-term lease recognition for all leases that qualify, which means that we do not recognize a ROU asset and lease liability for any lease with a term of twelve months or less.

 

The most significant impact of adopting the standard was the recognition of ROU assets and lease liabilities for operating leases on the Company's consolidated balance sheet but it did not have an impact on the Company's consolidated statements of operations or consolidated statements of cash flows. The Company did not have a cumulative effect on adoption prior to January 1, 2019.

 

 

INVO BIOSCIENCE, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

June 30, 2019

(unaudited)

 

Note 3 – Liquidity

 

On January 14, 2019, INVO Bioscience entered into a distribution agreement (the “Distribution Agreement”) with Ferring International Center S.A. (“Ferring”) granted to Ferring exclusive licensing rights to sublicense the Company’s INVOcell together with the retention device. Under the terms of the Distribution Agreement, Ferring was obligated to make an initial payment to the Company of $5,000,000 upon satisfaction of certain closing conditions. The Company received the initial $5 million cash payment  upon the execution of the Ferring distribution agreement in January 2019 and as a result believes its cash on hand will be sufficient to fund its current debt obligations, estimated capital expenditures and working capital needs for the next twelve months.

 

Note 4 – Inventory

 

As of June 30, 2019, and December 31, 2018, the Company recorded the following inventory balances:

 

   

June 30,

2019

   

December 31,

2018

 

Work in Process

  $ 71,469     $ 30,689  

Finished Goods

    5,006       12,824  

Total Inventory, net

  $ 76,475     $ 43,513  

 

Note 5 – Property and Equipment

 

The estimated useful lives and accumulated depreciation for furniture, equipment and software are as follows as of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018:

 

 

Estimated Useful Life

Molds and Office Equipment

3 to 10 years

 

   

June 30,

2019

   

December 31,

2018

 

Manufacturing Equipment- Molds

  $ 132,513     $ 70,363  

Office Equipment

    2,689       -  

Accumulated Depreciation

    (37,093

)

    (35,917

)

Total

  $ 98,109     $ 34,446  

 

During the three months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018 the Company recorded depreciation expense of $39 and $0, respectively. During the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018 the Company recorded depreciation expense of $1,176 and $0, respectively. The Company began shipping its new retention device in August 2018 which triggered the start of depreciating our retention device mold during the quarter.

 

Note 6 – Patents

 

As of June 30, 2019, and December 31, 2018, the Company recorded the following patent balances:

 

   

June 30,

2019

   

December 31,

2018

 

Total Patents

  $ 77,722     $ 77,743  

Accumulated Amortization

    (68,220

)

    (65,951

)

Patent costs, net

  $ 9,502     $ 11,792  

 

 

INVO BIOSCIENCE, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

June 30, 2019

(unaudited)

 

During the three ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, the Company recorded $1,455 and $1,134 in amortization expenses respectively. During the six ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, the Company recorded $2,269 and $2,268 in amortization expenses respectively.

 

Estimated amortization expense as of June 30, 2019 is as follows:

 

Years ended December 31,

       

2019 – remaining six months

  $ 2,268  

2020

    1,809  

2021

    1,809  

2022 and thereafter

    3,616  

Total

  $ 9,502  

 

Note 7 - Leases

 

The Company has an operating lease for our facility, which have remaining terms 5 years with an option to renew for 3 additional years. They also do not have an early termination clause included. Our operating lease agreements do not contain any material restrictive covenants.

 

As of June 30, 2019, the Company's lease components included in the consolidated balance sheet were as follows:

 

Lease component

Classification

 

June 30, 2019

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

ROU assets - operating lease

Other assets

 

$

112,827

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total ROU assets

 

$

112,827

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

Current operating lease liability

Current liabilities

 

$

18,898

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Long-term operating lease liability

Other liabilities

 

 

94,173

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total lease liabilities

 

$

113,071

 

 

Rent expense is recognized on a straight-line basis over the life of the lease. Rent expense consists of the following:

 

   

Six months ended

 
   

June 30, 2019

 

Operating lease costs

  $ 4,192  

Short term lease cost

    3,000  
         

Total rent expense

  $ 7,192  

 

 

INVO BIOSCIENCE, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

June 30, 2019

(unaudited)

 

Future minimum lease payments under non-cancellable leases were as follows:

 

   

June 30, 2019

 

2019 - remaining 6 months

  $ 11,844  

2020

    24,161  

2021

    24,886  

2022

    25,633  

2023

    26,402  

2024 and beyond

    8,886  

Total future minimum lease payments

  $ 121,812  

Less: Interest

    8,741  

Total operating lease liabilities

  $ 113,071  
         

Current operating lease liability

  $ 18,898  

Long-term operating lease liability

    94,173  

Total operating lease liabilities

  $ 113,071  

 

Note 8 – Notes Payable

 

Notes Payable

 

In August 2016, INVO Bioscience converted a long-time vendor’s outstanding accounts payable balance of $131,722 into a Promissory Note with a three-year term that accrues interest at 5% per annum. The note provides for interest only payments on the first and second anniversaries of the note. The note is payable in full along with any outstanding accrued interest on August 9, 2019. The Company had the right to prepay the note at any time without a premium or penalty which it did in January 2019.  The interest on this note for the three months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018 were $0 and $1,647, respectively. The interest on this note for the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018 were $489 and $3,293, respectively. The Note and all accrued interest of $9,823 was paid in full and as of June 30, 2019, the balance is $0.

 

2018 Convertible Notes Payable

 

In April and May 2018, the Company issued convertible notes (the “2018 Convertible Notes”) payable to investors’ in the aggregate principal amount of $895,000. The 2018 Convertible Notes accrue interest at the rate of 9% per annum which is paid in stock. 2018 Convertible Notes with an aggregate principal amount of $550,000 are due on January 30, 2021, and 2018 Convertible Notes with an aggregate principal amount of $345,000 are due on March 31, 2021. The notes are convertible into shares of common stock at a price of $0.20 per share, provided, that if the Company completes a subsequent equity financing, the holders of the 2018 Convertible Notes can elect to convert the notes in shares of our common stock at a price equal to 75% of the price paid per share in such subsequent equity financing. During the fourth quarter of 2018, three note holders converted their notes with a value of $200,000 into 1,055,415 shares of common stock.  During the six months ended June 30, 2019, a note holder converted principal and accrued interest of $50,000 and $3,723, respectively, into 268,615 shares of common stock. A second note holder converted 3 notes with total value of $185,000 into 925,000 shares of common stock; accrued interest of $16,550 had not been converted to stock as of June 30, 2019.

 

The Company calculated a beneficial conversion feature of the 2018 Convertible Notes based on ASU 17-11 in the form of a discount of $895,000; $44,904 and $56,446 of this amount was amortized to interest expense during the three months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively, based on the three year term of the notes. In addition, $155,939 was also amortized for the notes that were converted during the first six months of 2019. During the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018 $26,445 and $14,343 of interest was expensed, respectively. The balance of these notes of $232,960 include the principal balance of $420,000, accrued interest of $61,042 net of the conversion discount of $248,082.

 

 

INVO BIOSCIENCE, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

June 30, 2019

(unaudited)

 

Note 9 – Notes Payable and Other Related Party Transactions

 

On September 18, 2008, the Company entered into a related party transaction with Dr. Claude Ranoux.  Dr. Ranoux was then the President, Director and Chief Scientific Officer of the Company; as of the date of this filing he is a Director.  Dr. Ranoux had loaned funds to the Company to sustain its operations since January 5, 2007 (inception).  Dr. Ranoux’s total original cumulative investment as of December 31, 2008 was $96,462, as of December 31, 2017 and 2016 it was $21,888 (“the Principal Amount”) in INVO Bioscience.  On March 26, 2009, the Company and Dr. Ranoux agreed to re-write the agreement to a non-convertible note payable bearing interest at 5% per annum, the term of the note had been extended, and has been extended a couple of additional times, the current repayment date was October 31, 2018.  The Company and Dr. Ranoux could jointly decide to repay the loan earlier without prepayment penalties.  During the twelve months ended December 31, 2018 the outstanding balance of $21,888 was paid in full including all interest due.

 

On March 5, 2009, the Company entered into a related party transaction with Kathleen Karloff, the Chief Executive Officer and a Director of the Company.  Ms. Karloff provided a short-term loan in the amount of $75,000 bearing interest at 5% per annum to the Company to fund operations.  In May 2009, Ms. Karloff loaned to the Company an additional $13,000, making her total cumulative loan $88,000 as of December 31, 2011.  This note was due on September 15, 2009, which has since been extended a few times to its current date of October 31, 2018.   During the twelve months ended December 31, 2014, Ms. Karloff loaned the Company an additional $66,000 at an interest rate of 0% by entering into a note payable agreement in satisfaction of expenses incurred by her for amounts previously advanced to the Company. This note currently has the same expiration date as the others which is October 31, 2018. During the twelve months ended December 31, 2018 $91,257 was paid against the principal of the loan, in 2017, $0 was repaid on the principal of the loan. The principal balances of the loan were $62,743 and $154,000 as of December 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.   The related interest for the twelve months ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 was $15,278 and $4,400 respectively.  During the six months ended June 30, 2019, the Company paid the remaining balance due Ms. Karloff in the amount of $62,743 along with $44,000 of accrued interest.

 

In December 2009, James Bowdring, the brother of Director Robert Bowdring invested $100,000 acquiring 666,667 shares of restricted common stock.  In April 2011, the Company issued a new short-term convertible note (“Q211 Note”) payable to James Bowdring in the amount of $50,000.  The Note carries a 10% interest rate.  The note has a current balance of $25,000. The Q211 Note is convertible into Common Stock of the Company at a conversion price of $0.03 per share, subject to adjustments. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, the Company accrued interest in the amount of $623 and $1,239 on the Q211 Note, respectively.

 

In November 2011, the Company issued a new convertible note (“Q411 Note”) payable to James Bowdring in the amount of $10,000.  The Q411 Note carries a 10% interest rate. The Q411 Note is convertible into Common Stock of the Company at a conversion price of $0.01 per share, subject to adjustments.  During the three months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, the Company accrued interest in the amount of $249 and $249 on the Q411 Note, respectively. In addition, $496 and $496 of interest was accrued in the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

 

In May 2018, James Bowdring and his children participated in the “2018 Convertible Notes” offerings in the aggregate principal amount of $40,000. The 2018 Convertible Notes accrue interest at the rate of 9% per annum which is paid in stock. These Notes are due on March 31, 2021. The notes are convertible into shares of common stock at a price of $0.20 per share, provided, that if the Company completes a subsequent equity financing, the holders of the 2018 Convertible Notes can elect to convert the notes in shares of our common stock at a price equal to 75% of the price paid per share in such subsequent equity financing. During the three months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, the Company accrued interest in the amount of $897 and $562 on the 2018 Convertible Notes, respectively. In addition, $1,785 and $562 of interest was accrued in the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively. 

 

 

The Company had been renting its corporate office from Forty Four Realty Trust which is owned by James Bowdring, the brother of Director & Former Acting Chief Financial Officer, Robert Bowdring since November 2012 in a month to month rental arrangement. The Company believes the rent of $600 per month was less than the fair market real estate rental rate for comparable leases. The lease terminated in May 2019, when the company relocated to a new facility. In addition, the Company had purchased stationary supplies and marketing items at discounted rates from Superior Printing & Promotions which is also owned by James Bowdring and is in the same building as our former corporate office. INVO Bioscience spent $5,256 and $234 with Superior during the three months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively. In addition, INVO Bioscience spent $6,034 and $234 in the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively. 

 

 

INVO BIOSCIENCE, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

June 30, 2019

(unaudited)

 

Principal balances of the Related Party loans were as follows:

 

   

June 30,

2019

   

December 31,

2018

 

James Bowdring Family - 2011 Notes

    35,000       35,000  
                 

James Bowdring Family – 2018 Convertible Notes

    44,161       40,000  
                 

Kathleen Karloff Note

    -       62,743  

Less discount

    (24,089

)

    (30,913

)

Total, net of discount

  $ 55,072     $ 106,830  

 

Interest expense on the Related Party loans was $1,770 and $2,247 for the three months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively. In addition, $3,521 and $5,039 of interest expense was recorded in the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively. 

 

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities balances include expenses reports for Ms. Karloff and Mr. Bowdring for expenses they paid for personally related to travel or normal business expenses. 

 

   

June 30,

   

December 31,

 
   

2019

   

2018

 

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

  $ 3,702     $ 1,700  

 

Note 10 – Stockholders’ Equity

 

Six Months Ended June 30, 2019

 

In January 2019, pursuant to Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act, the Company issued 60,000 shares of common stock with a fair value of $26,600 to service providers.

 

In February 2019, pursuant to Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act, the Company issued 268,615 shares of common stock for conversion of notes payable and accrued interest in the amount of $53,723. 

 

In April 2019, pursuant to Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act, the Company issued 800,000 shares of common stock for conversion of notes payable in the amount of $160,000.

 

In May 2019, pursuant to Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act, the Company issued 125,000 shares of common stock for conversion of notes payable in the amount of $25,000.

 

Six Months Ended June 30, 2018

 

In January and March 2018, pursuant to Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act, the Company sold 260,000 shares of common stock to accredited investors in a private placement for cash of $47,000.

 

In January 2018, pursuant to Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act, the Company issued 1,200,000 shares of common stock with a fair value of $138,000 to management and board members.

 

In January and March 2018, pursuant to Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act, the Company issued 352,326 shares of common stock with a fair value of $43,664 to service providers.

 

 

INVO BIOSCIENCE, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

June 30, 2019

(unaudited)

 

In April and May 2018, pursuant to Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act, the Company issued 340,000 shares of common stock with a fair value of $174,800 to service providers.

 

In May 2018, pursuant to Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act, the Company sold 150,000 shares of common stock to accredited investors who are family members of Robert J Bowdring, a Board Member in a private placement for cash of $30,000

 

In May 2018, pursuant to Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act, the Company issued 3,020,000 shares of common stock with a fair value of $1,540,000 to a board member, Dr. Kevin Doody for services provided to the Company.

 

Note 11 – Stock Options and Warrants

 

As of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, the Company does not have any outstanding or committed and unissued stock options or warrants.

 

Note 12 – Commitments and Contingencies

 

A)

Litigation

 

In April 2019 the Company took steps to move this litigation forward. INVO Bioscience has been waiting for the plaintiffs to file the proper court documentation since October 2016. Through their attorney INVO Bioscience issued an appeal with a motion to dismiss the plaintiffs’ appeal in the Superior Court of Suffolk County in Massachusetts. In May 2019 the plaintiffs filed the required paperwork, our attorney quickly filed a reply brief to have the notice of appeal struck with the court attacking their claims as it has done in the past. The Court responded by setting a hearing date in September 2019 to review our motion to dismiss. The Company and its attorney feels this is a positive step in getting this situation resolved.

 

There had been no change in the status of the litigation INVO Bioscience, Inc., and two of its directors have been involved in since 2010, defending litigation brought by investors in an alleged predecessor of INVO Bioscience.  On March 24, 2010, INVO Bioscience, Inc. and its corporate affiliate, Bio X Cell, Inc., Claude Ranoux, and Kathleen Karloff were served an Amended Complaint, the original of which was filed on December 31, 2009 at the Suffolk Superior Court Business Litigation Session by two terminated employees of Medelle Corporation (also named as a co-defendant but no longer active), who are also attorneys, and a former investor in and creditor of Medelle.  These plaintiffs allege various claims of wrongdoing relating to the sale of assets of Medelle to Dr. Ranoux.  Plaintiffs claim that Dr. Ranoux, Ms. Karloff, and Medelle (and therefore INVO Bioscience as an alleged successor corporation) violated alleged duties owed to plaintiffs in connection with the sale.  Separate claims were also alleged against INVO Bioscience.

 

Dr. Ranoux, Ms. Karloff, and INVO Bioscience have challenged these allegations, which they believe are baseless.  The transfer of the assets of Medelle was professionally handled by an independent third party, after approval by the Medelle Board of Directors, representing a majority of its shareholders.  Medelle’s Board voted to proceed with an assignment for the benefit of creditors (AFBC) and gave complete authority to the President & CEO at that time (neither Dr. Ranoux nor Ms. Karloff) to work with the third-party assignee and to get the best possible price for those assets.  The third party was responsible for notifying all the appropriate parties and for filing notices in various professional publications and newspapers of Medelle’s intention to sell its assets.  The third party also contacted numerous large medical device and bio-pharma companies to learn if they would be interested in acquiring the assets.  After a private sale was deemed unlikely, the assignee of the assets elected to proceed with a sealed-bid auction of the assets.  On the day of the auction, Dr. Ranoux submitted the only bid and was awarded the assets, upon full payment. 

 

During 2010, Dr. Ranoux, Ms. Karloff, and INVO Bioscience filed Motions to Dismiss as to all claims, pursuant to M.R.Civ. P. 12(b)(6).  In a written Decision rendered on November 12, 2010, the judge dismissed all claims against INVO, Bio X Cell, and Ms. Karloff, and also dismissed the claims against Dr. Ranoux alleging civil conspiracy and breach of M.G.L. c. 93A.  The judge denied Dr. Ranoux’s motion to dismiss the remaining breach of fiduciary duty and fraud claims.  The plaintiffs allege in their Amended Complaint that Dr. Ranoux committed fraud by failing to inform them of the details of the Medelle auction. 

 

 

INVO BIOSCIENCE, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

June 30, 2019

(unaudited)

 

The claims against Dr. Ranoux that survived the November 2010 dismissal order were submitted to binding arbitration.  On February 15, 2013, the mutually-agreed arbitrator ruled in favor of Dr. Ranoux. The award held that Dr. Ranoux did not withhold information about the auction of Medelle’s assets and expressed doubt that the plaintiffs would have invested the resources necessary to make a beneficial use of the assets.  The arbitrator’s award then was confirmed by the Superior Court on August 21, 2013.  The Superior Court’s confirmation of the award was affirmed on appeal on October 20, 2013 by the Massachusetts Appeals Court.  The Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court then denied further appellate review.  

 

On October 18, 2016, following motions and argument, the Superior Court issued a memorandum of decision and order denying plaintiffs’ motion for entry of default judgment and assessment of damages against Medelle and allowed the motion of INVO Bioscience, Bio X Cell, and Ms. Karloff for entry of final judgment of dismissal.  The foregoing order was converted to a final judgment dismissing all claims against all defendants and entered on the docket on October 27, 2016.

 

On November 28, 2016, plaintiffs filed an amended notice of appeal from the Superior Court’s decision of October 17, 2016 and the subsequent judgment entered on October 27, 2016.  The appeal further challenges the order of dismissal from November, 2010.  Plaintiffs did not appeal from the dismissal of the claims against Ms. Karloff, so the judgment in her favor is now final, leaving claims against INVO Bioscience, Bio X Cell, Medelle, and Dr. Ranoux.

 

INVO Bioscience and Bio X Cell intend a vigorous opposition to the current appeal, consistent with their previous positions that no breach of duty occurred in the sale of Medelle’s assets. It is assumed that Dr. Ranoux will oppose the appeal as well.

 

Outside of the above-mentioned litigation, neither INVO Bioscience nor Bio X Cell, our wholly-owned subsidiary, either directly or indirectly, are involved in any lawsuit outside the ordinary course of business, the disposition of which would have a material effect upon either our results of operation, financial position, or cash flows.

 

B)

Employee Agreements

 

The Company is in the process of updating employment agreements for its current officers, executives and employees of the Company.

 

C)

Consulting Agreements

 

The Company has entered into a consulting agreement with Shine Management, Inc. through which it is receiving outsourced accounting and the support of its acting CFO, Debra Hoopes. Debra is the CFO and Chief Administrative Officer of Shine Management, Inc. and Management Services Company in Charlottesville, VA.

 

The Company has a verbal agreement beginning in March, 2013 with its former CFO, Robert Bowdring, who is currently a Director, to assist where necessary in the financial and administrative areas of the Company for compensation to be equivalent to the others working in the organization.

 

Note 13 – Contracts with Customers

 

We have adopted ASC 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers effective January 1, 2018 using the modified retrospective method applied to those contracts which were not substantially completed as of January 1, 2018. These standards provide guidance on recognizing revenue, including a five-step model to determine when revenue recognition is appropriate. The standard requires that an entity recognize revenue to depict the transfer of control of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. Revenues for 2018 are reported under ASC 606, while prior period amounts are not adjusted and continue to be reported under ASC 605, Revenue Recognition.

 

Revenues for products, including: INVOcell®, INVO TM Retention System, and INVO Microscope Holding Block are typically recognized at the time the product is shipped, at which time the title passes to the customer, and there are no further performance obligations. Revenues from consignment are recognized when the medical device is shipped from the Consignor to the customer.

 

 

INVO BIOSCIENCE, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

June 30, 2019

(unaudited)

 

In January 2019, we announced a U.S. license and distribution agreement with Ferring International Center S.A. (“Ferring”) and as a result took a significant step to strengthen the Company that we believe will allow us to implement our overall business plan. We believe that this strategic partnership with a strong reproductive organization such as Ferring Pharmaceuticals will provide us with the necessary sales and marketing resources within the United States to expand the market and help reach all of those couples not receiving reproductive treatments today.  The agreement calls for the issuance of an initial upfront payment of $5,000,000 which we received upon the signing of the agreement and then subsequent licensing fee payment of $3,000,000 that will provide us with a source of non-dilutive financing to execute our plan. Under the terms of the agreement we can pursue developing international markets and as well as partnering and opening INVO-only reproductive centers within the U.S. market. We believe this major milestone and agreement is a critical step that allows the Company to implement its mission of expanding access to care in the fertility marketplace. The initial upfront payment of $5,000,000 which we received upon the signing of the agreement is being recognized to income over the 7 year term.

 

Under the terms of the Distribution Agreement, Ferring completed its obligation to make an initial payment to the Company of $5,000,000 upon completion of the required closing conditions, including executed agreements from all current manufacturers of the Licensed Product that upon a material supply default by the Company, Ferring can assume a direct purchase relationship with such manufacturers. Ferring is obligated to make a second payment to the Company of $3,000,000 provided that the Company is successful in obtaining a five (5) day label enhancement from the FDA for the current incubation period for the Licensed Product at least three (3) years prior to the expiration of the term of the license for the Licensed Product and provided further that Ferring has not previously exercised its right to terminate the Distribution Agreement for convenience. In addition, the Company entered into a separate Distribution Agreement.  The Distribution Agreement has an initial term expiring on December 31, 2025 and at the end of the initial term it may be terminated by the Company if Ferring fails to generate specified minimum revenues to the Company from the sale of the Licensed Product during the final two years of the initial term.

 

The Ferring license was deemed to be a functional license that provide customers with a “right to access” to our intellectual property during the subscription period and, accordingly, revenue is recognized over a period of time, which is generally the subscription period. During the three months and six months ended June 30, 2019, the Company recognized $178,571 and $357,143, respectively, related to the Ferring license agreement.  

 

As of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, the Company had deferred revenues of $4,655,832 and $18,895, respectively.

 

Sources of Revenue

 

We have identified the following revenues disaggregated by revenue source:

 

Domestic Product revenue

 

Domestic Licensing fee

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018 the source of revenue was derived from:

 

   

June 30,

2019

   

June 30,

2018

 

Domestic Product revenue

  $ 490,927     $ 214,350  
                 

Domestic licensing fee

    357,143       -  
                 

Total revenue

  $ 848,070     $ 214,350  

 

 

INVO BIOSCIENCE, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

June 30, 2019

(unaudited)

 

Contract Balances

 

We incur agreement obligations on general customer purchase orders and e-mails that have been accepted but unfulfilled. Due to the short duration of time between order acceptance and delivery of the related product, we have determined that the balance related to these obligations is generally immaterial at any point in time. We monitor the value of orders accepted but unfulfilled at the close of each reporting period to determine if disclosure is appropriate.

 

Warranty

 

Our general product warranties do not extend beyond an assurance that the product delivered will be consistent with stated specifications and do not include separate performance obligations.

 

Commissions and Contract Costs

 

We do not use or offer sales commissions of any type at this time. We generally do not incur incremental charges associated with securing agreements with customers which would require capitalization and recovery over the life of the agreement.

 

Practical Expedients

 

Our payment terms for sales direct to customers and distributors are substantially less than the one-year collection period that falls within the practical expedient in determination of whether a significant financing component exists.

  

Shipping and Handling Charges

 

Fees charged to customers for shipping and handling of products are included as an offset to the costs for shipping and handling of products included as a component of cost of products.

 

Taxes Collected from Customers

 

As our products are used in another service and are exempt, to this point we have not collected taxes. If we were to collect taxes, they would be on the value of transaction revenue and would be excluded from product revenues and cost of sales and would be accrued in current liabilities until remitted to governmental authorities.

 

Effective Date and Transition Disclosures

 

Adoption of the new standards related to revenue recognition did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements, and is not expected to have a material impact in future periods.

 

Note 14 – Subsequent Events

 

On August 7, 2019, the Company sent James Bowdring, a related party, a check in the amount of $65,197 as full payment under those certain promissory notes dated April 8, 2011 and November 9, 2011.  On August 8, 2019, Mr. Bowdring’s legal counsel returned this check with a letter stating that the check did not properly account for the compound interest identified in such notes.  In addition, the letter stated Mr. Bowdring’s desire to convert these promissory notes into shares of the Company’s common stock in lieu of any cash payment.  The Company does not believe that Mr. Bowdring has the right to convert such notes upon receiving payment of such notes and intends to vigorously contend any conversion of these notes.  The 10% Senior Secured Convertible Promissory Notes were issued on April 8, 2011 and November 9, 2011, with maturity dates thirty days subsequent to the dates of issuance.  Interest was calculated at 10% per annum, compounded based on a 360-day year. Investors had the option to convert any unpaid principal and accrued interest into shares of Company’s common stock original conversion prices of $.03 and $.01, respectively, subject to adjustments upon the Company’s issuances of stock at prices less than the original conversion prices during the 24-months after issuance of each note (i.e. currently $0.0065).

 

 

Item 2.       Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

Statements made in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, including without limitation this Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, other than statements of historical information, are forward looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.  These forward-looking statements may sometimes be identified by such words as “may,” “will,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate” and “continue” or similar words.  We believe that it is important to communicate our future expectations to investors.  However, these forward-looking statements involve many risks and uncertainties including those referred to herein and in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018.  Our actual results could differ materially from those indicated in such forward-looking statements as a result of certain factors.  We are under no duty to update any of the forward-looking statements after the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q to conform these statements to actual results.

 

Overview

 

INVO Bioscience’s mission is to increase access to care and expand fertility treatment and patient care across the globe. We have developed the INVOcell device and procedure, the first Intravaginal Culture (IVC) system granted FDA clearance in the United States, in hope of providing millions of infertile couples across the country access to this new infertility treatment. This novel device and procedure provide a more natural, safe, effective and economical fertility treatment compared to current infertility treatments, including in-vitro fertilization (“IVF”) and intrauterine insemination (“IUI”). The patented INVOcell device is used for the incubation of eggs and sperm during fertilization and early embryo development. Unlike conventional infertility treatments such as IVF where the eggs and sperm develop into embryos in a laboratory incubator, the INVOcell utilizes the women’s vagina as an incubator to support a more natural fertilization and embryo development environment. This novel device promotes in vivo conception and early embryo development.

 

In both current utilization of the INVOcell and in clinical studies, the INVO Procedure has proven to have equivalent pregnancy success rates as the traditional assisted reproductive technique IVF. Additionally, the psychological benefits of the potential mother’s participation in fertilization and early embryo development by vaginal incubation are incomparable to traditional IVF treatment. This new technique offers to patients a more natural and personalized way to achieve pregnancy and is simple enough to be performed in an appropriately trained physician’s office or in a satellite facility of an IVF center.

 

For many couples struggling with infertility, access to treatment is often not available. Financial challenges, limited availability of specialized medical care, religious, social and cultural roadblocks can prevent these hopeful couples from realizing their dream to have a baby. There are many benefits to the INVO Procedure, including:

 

• Reduces the risk of errors of a wrong embryo transfers since the embryos are never far from the woman.

• Reduces the worry of leaving embryos in an incubator where mix-ups have been known to occur.

• Promotes greater involvement by couples in the treatment and conception.

• Creates a more natural and environmentally stable incubation than traditional IVF incubation in a laboratory.

• Reduces the worry of leaving embryos in an incubator where mix-ups have been known to occur.

• Requires fewer office visits for the couples.

 

In January 2019, we entered into a Distribution Agreement with Ferring Pharmaceuticals and as a result took a significant step to strengthen the Company that we believe will allow us to implement our overall business plan. We believe that this strategic partnership with a strong reproductive organization such as Ferring Pharmaceuticals will provide us with the necessary sales and marketing resources within the United States to expand the market and help reach all those couples not receiving reproductive treatments today.  The agreement calls for the issuance of an initial upfront payment of $5,000,000 which we received upon the signing of the agreement and then subsequent licensing fee payment of $3,000,000 that will provide us with a source of non-dilutive financing to execute our plan. Under the terms of the agreement we can pursue developing international markets and as well as partnering to open to five INVO-only reproductive centers within the U.S. market. We believe this major milestone and agreement is a critical step that allows the Company to implement its mission of expanding access to care in the fertility marketplace.

 

Prior to the Ferring agreement, one of the largest challenges that INVO Bioscience faced was raising the appropriate capital to implement its business plan while opening the US market as well as pursuing other opportunities across the globe. With our new Distribution Agreement with Ferring we feel we have eliminated that challenge for the foreseeable future. We believe we have the appropriate funding to execute our business plan over the next 12 months.

 

 

We anticipate that we will experience significant quarterly fluctuations in our sales and revenues as a result of the Company’s efforts to expand the sales of the INVO technology across the United States and into new markets.  Operating results will depend upon the continued rollout of the INVOcell device across the U.S. by Ferring as well the training of international physicians and their staff on the INVO procedure. In the current year, our operating results will be heavily dependent on Ferring’s ability to penetrate the U.S. markets.

 

We anticipate Ferring will be able to significantly expand our offering with our sales and marketing resources in the months and years ahead.

 

The Company received the $5 million upfront license fee from Ferring in January 2019 exchange for their exclusive right to market and distribute INVO products across the United States. The license fee      is being accounted for      pro-rata over a seven-year agreement, which results in recognizing $178,000 per quarter in license revenue.

 

Since receiving the Ferring license fee, The Company started executing a number of additional strategic initiatives as part of its business plan. As an example, line we expanded our new product development efforts and worked with Ferring on new packaging and labeling. We hired a new COO and VP of Product Development to focus on international opportunities in the Middle East, Europe and Asia. We have engaged additional investor relations resources and started to improve some of our internal systems. We currently anticipate that we have sufficient funds to operate for 12 months, however, there are a number of factors that could materially impact our cash needs.

 

Our registered independent certified public accountants have stated in their report dated April 16, 2019, filed with the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K that the Company has a generated negative cash outflows from operating activities, experienced recurring net operating losses, and was dependent on securing additional equity or debt financing to support its business efforts. We continue and expect to continue to generate negative cash outflows from operating activities during 2019 as the business continues to grow. As a result of the execution of the Distribution Agreement with Ferring we now believe we have sufficient capital for at least the subsequent 12 months and will be able to grow the overall business more rapidly, moving it toward the goal of generating positive cash flow from operations, although we make no assurances in this regard.   

 

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

 

Our discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations are based upon the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles as recognized in the United States of America. The preparation of these financial statements requires that we make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses, and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities.  Our estimates include those related to revenue recognition, the valuation of inventory, and valuation of deferred tax assets and liabilities, useful lives of intangible assets, warranty obligations and accruals.  We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that management believes to be reasonable under the circumstances.  Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.  For a complete description of accounting policies, see Note 1 to our financial statements included in our Form 10K for the year ended December 31, 2018.  There were no significant changes in critical accounting estimates.

 

Results of Operations

 

Three months ended June 30, 2019, compared to the three months ended June 30, 2018

 

Net Sales and Revenues

 

Revenue for the three months ended June 30, 2019, was $658,638 compared to $110,210 for the same three-month period in 2018, an increase of $548,428 or 498%. The increase was the result of increased product sales as Ferring began to increase their marketing activities as well as from recognizing 3.6% of the Ferring seven-year U.S. exclusive licensing & distribution fee.

 

Gross Margin

 

The gross margin reported for the second quarter ended June 30, 2019 was 92% or $603,356 compared to 85% or $93,500 for the three months ended June 30, 2018. The increase in gross margin was related to the 2019 licensing fee that did not have any cost of sales expenses associated with it. The cost of sales recognized during the second quarter of 2019 were attributed to product shipments to Ferring.

 

 

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses for the three months ended June 30, 2019 were $669,152 as compared to $1,883,946 for the three months ended June 30, 2018, a decrease of $1,214,794 or 64%. The decrease in SG&A during the second quarter of 2019 compared to the second quarter of 2018 was primarily the result of lower costs related to business advisory services, partially offset by an increase in professional fees, legal fees and other corporate expenses.

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses for the three months ended June 30, 2018 included the issuance of 3,360,000 shares of our common stock with a fair value of $1,714,800 to service providers. This item was a noncash, one-time event of $1,530,000 for pre and post FDA clearance support services as well as expenses related to stock market up listing, market research, the fees associated with the addition of three independent board of directors and increased investor awareness expenses.

 

Interest Expense and Financing Fees

 

During the three-month period ended June 30, 2019 we incurred $175,756 in interest expense, an increase of $10 1,074 compared to $74,682 in the three-month period ended June 30, 2018. The primary reason for the increase in 2019 was the amortization of discount on the 2018 Convertible Notes Payable in the amount of $163,466 as compared to $56,446 during the same period of 2018.

 

Net Loss

 

For the reasons stated above, the Company had a net loss of $241,552 for the three months ended June 30, 2019, a decrease of $1,623,576 compared to a net loss of $1,865,128 for the three months ended June 30, 2018.

 

Six months ended June 30, 2019, compared to the six months ended June 30, 2018

 

Net Sales and Revenues

 

Revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2019 was $848,070, an increase of $633,720 or 296% compared to $214,350 for the same six month period in 2018. The increase was the result of increased product sales as Ferring began to increase their marketing activities as well as from recognizing 3.6% of the Ferring seven year U.S. exclusive licensing & distribution fee.

 

Gross Margin

 

The gross margin reported for the six months ended June 30, 2019 was 92% or $781,810 compared to 85% or $183,216 for the six months ended June 30, 2018. The increase in gross margin was related to the 2019 licensing fee that did not have any cost of sales expenses associated with it.

 

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses for the six months ended June 30, 2019 were $1,196,717, a decrease of $917,228 or 43% compared to $2,113,945 for the six months ended June 30, 2018.  The decrease in SG&A during the six months ending June 30, 2019 compared to the six months ended June 30, 2018 was primarily the result of lower costs related to FDA clearance support services, partially offset by an increase in professional fees, legal fees and other corporate expenses.

 

During the six months ended June 2018, we had a one-time issuance of 3,000,000 shares of common stock with a fair value of $1,530,000 for key services provided by one of our board members.

 

Interest Expense and Financing Fees

 

During the six-month period ended June 30, 2019 we incurred $285,215 in interest expense, an increase of $206,093 compared to $79,122 in the six-month period ended June 30, 2018. The primary reason for the increase in 2019 was the amortization of discount on the 2018 Convertible Notes Payable in the amount of $256,703 compared to $56,446 in the same period in 2018 along with $24,660 of interest for the same notes.

 

 

Net Income (loss)

 

For the reasons above, the Company had a net loss of $700,122 for the six months ended June 30, 2019, an increase of $1,309,729 compared to a net loss of $2,009,851 for the six months ended June 30, 2018.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

Net cash as of June 30, 2019, was $2,663,171 or $2,450,928 higher than net cash of $212,243 at December 31, 2018.

 

Net cash generated by operating activities was $2,710,232 for the six months ended June 30, 2019, compared to net cash used by operating activities of $249,503 for the six months ended June 30, 2018.  The increase in net cash was primarily due to the $4,636,937 increase in deferred revenue as a result of the initial exclusive license and distribution agreement fee received by the Company in January partially offset by a decrease in accrued compensation of $1,546,030.

  

The Company started developing and purchasing molds for the next generation of the INVOcell using $62,150 during the first six months of 2019 as well as $2,689 for office equipment. No cash was used during the first six months of 2018 in investing activities.

 

Cash used in financing activities was $194,465 during the six months ended June 30, 2019. Cash used during the six months ended June 30, 2019 was used to pay off principle note payments and convertible note(s).

 

Our registered independent certified public accountants have stated in their report dated April 16, 2019, filed with the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K that the Company has a generated negative cash outflows from operating activities, experienced recurring net operating losses, and is dependent on securing additional equity and debt financing to support its business efforts.  These factors among others may raise substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern.

 

Our existing cash resources, and cash flow from operations will provide adequate resources to fully support our operations during fiscal 2019 and beyond. The payment under the Distribution Agreement in the first quarter of 2019 provided us with the strategic funding necessary to execute our business plan over the next 12 months.

 

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

 

For further discussion of our accounting policies see the “Summary of Significant Accounting Policies” in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018 as well as the notes to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

 

In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued a new standard related to Leases, Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842) and subsequent amendments, which replaced existing GAAP and requires lessees to recognize right-of-use (“ROU”) assets and corresponding lease liabilities that depict the rights and obligations arising from a lease agreement. We implemented ASU 2016-02 on January 1, 2019 and elected certain practical expedients available under the ASU. As a result of the adoption, the Company recognized ROU assets totaling $116,441 and lease liabilities totaling $116,441 as of the adoption date. For additional information, see Note 1 to our Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements – “Basis of Presentation and Significant Accounting Policies-Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements” elsewhere in this Quarterly Report.

 

The accounting policies that reflect our more significant estimates, judgments and assumptions and which we believe are the most critical to aid in fully understanding and evaluating our reported financial results include the following:

 

Revenue Recognition

 

The Company recognizes revenue in accordance with ACS 606, when a customer obtains control of promised goods and is recognized at an amount that reflects the consideration expected to be received in exchange for such goods and collectability of the resulting receivable is reasonably assured.

 

 

Intangible Assets

 

The Company’s intangible assets consist of its INVOcell and INVO process patents. The Company amortizes its intangible assets with definitive lives over their useful lives, which range up to 20 years, based on the time period the Company expects to receive the economic benefit from these assets. No impairment charge was recorded during the six months period ended June 30, 2019 or 2018.

 

The Company continually assesses whether events or changes in circumstances have occurred that may warrant revision of the estimated useful lives of its intangible and indefinite-lived assets or whether the remaining balances of those assets should be evaluated for possible impairment. There were no changes in the carrying value of intangible and indefinite-lived assets during the six months ended June 30, 2019.

 

Impairment of Long-Lived Assets

 

The Company’s long-lived assets are its patents which are subject to amortization. The Company evaluates long-lived assets for recoverability whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that an asset may have been impaired. In evaluating an asset for recoverability, the Company estimates the future cash flow expected to result from the use of the asset and eventual disposition. If the expected future undiscounted cash flow is less than the carrying amount of the asset, an impairment loss, equal to the excess of the carrying amount over the fair value of the asset, is recognized.

 

The Company continually assesses whether events or changes in circumstances have occurred that may warrant revision of the estimated useful lives of its intangible and indefinite-lived assets or whether the remaining balances of those assets should be evaluated for possible impairment. There were no changes in the carrying value of intangible and indefinite-lived assets during the six months ended June 30, 2019.

 

Allowance for Doubtful Accounts Receivable

 

The Company performs ongoing credit evaluations of our customers and adjusts credit limits based upon payment history and the customer’s current credit worthiness, as determined by our review of their current credit information. We continuously monitor collections and payments from our customers and maintain a provision for estimated credit losses based upon our historical experience and any specific customer collection issues that we have identified. While such credit losses have historically been minimal, within our expectations and the provisions established, we cannot guarantee that we will continue to experience the same credit loss rates that we have in the past. A significant change in the liquidity or financial position of any of our significant customers could have a material adverse effect on the collectability of our accounts receivable and our future operating results.

 

Income Taxes

 

The Company uses the asset and liability method to account for income taxes. Under this method, deferred income tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date. If a carryforward exists, the Company makes a determination as to whether the carryforward will be utilized in the future. Currently, a valuation allowance is established for all DTA’s and carryforwards as their recoverability is deemed to be uncertain. If our expectations for future operating results at the federal or at the state jurisdiction level vary from actual results due to changes in healthcare regulations, general economic conditions, or other factors, we may need to adjust the valuation allowance, for all or a portion of our deferred tax assets. Our income tax expense in future periods will be reduced or increased to the extent of offsetting decreases or increases, respectively, in our valuation allowance in the period when the change in circumstances occurs. These changes could have a significant impact on our future earnings.

 

Income tax expense was $0 and $0 for the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018. The annual forecasted effective income tax rate for 2019 is 0% with a year-to-date effective income tax rate for the six months ended June 30, 2019 of 0%. This is in line with the amounts reported at June 30, 2018.

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

For information regarding recent accounting pronouncements and their effect on the Company, see “Recent Accounting Pronouncements” in Note 2 of the Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements contained herein.

 

 

Forward Looking Statements

 

The statements contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q which are not historical facts, are forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These forward-looking statements regarding future events and our future results are based on current expectations, estimates, forecasts, and projections and the beliefs and assumptions of our management, including, without limitation, our expectations regarding results of operations, the commercialization of our technology, regulatory approvals, our development of new technologies, the adequacy of our ability to develop current financing sources to fund our operations, our growth initiatives, and the strength of our intellectual property portfolio. These forward-looking statements may be identified by the use of words such as “plans”, “intends,” “may,” “could,” “expect,” “estimate,” “anticipate,” “continue” or similar terms, though not all forward-looking statements contain such words. The actual results of the future events described in such forward-looking statements could differ materially from those stated in such forward-looking statements due to a number of important factors. These factors that could cause actual results to differ from those anticipated or predicted include, without limitation, our ability to develop and commercialize our products, including obtaining regulatory approvals, the size and growth of the potential markets for our products and our ability to serve those markets, the rate and degree of market acceptance of any of our products, general economic conditions, costs and availability of raw materials and management information systems, our ability to obtain and maintain intellectual property protection for our products, competition, the loss of key management and technical personnel, our ability to obtain timely payment of our invoices from customers, litigation, the effect of governmental regulatory developments, the availability of financing sources, our ability to comply with our debt obligations, our ability to deleverage our balance sheet, and seasonality, as well as the uncertainties set forth in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed on April 16, 2019, including the risk factors contained in Item 1A, and from time to time in the Company’s other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. The Company disclaims any intention or obligation to update any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

 

Item 3.       Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risks

 

Not Applicable

 

Item 4.       Controls and Procedures

 

Item 4a.     Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

The Company’s management, under the supervision and with the participation of the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and Acting Chief Financial (and principal accounting) Officer, carried out an evaluation of the effectiveness of the design and operation of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) of the Exchange Act) as of June 30 2019, the end of the fiscal period covered by this Form 10Q.  We maintain disclosure controls and procedures that are designed to be effective in providing reasonable assurance that information required to be disclosed in our reports under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the rules and forms of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”), and that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.  Based upon that evaluation and the identification of the material weakness in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2018 (described below) which has not been remediated as of the end of the period covered by this Quarterly Report, our Chief Executive Officer and Acting Chief Financial Officer have concluded that the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures were ineffective as of the end of the period covered by this Quarterly Report.

 

Because of the Company’s limited resources and limited number of employees, management concluded that, as of June 30, 2019, our internal control over financial reporting is not effective in providing reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.

 

To mitigate the current limited resources and limited employees, we rely heavily on direct management oversight of transactions, along with the use of legal and accounting professionals. The Company is taking steps to create effective procedures and controls throughout the organization.  The Company is in the process of establishing procedures and segregating duties where it can.  It has implemented a new accounting system, has outsourced its accounts payable function, implemented an approval processes, created a number of policies, reporting processes, a standard customer contract and has introduced an employee manual.  We will continue to monitor our disclosure controls and procedures and will address areas of potential concern.  As we grow, we expect to increase our number of employees, which will enable us to implement adequate segregation of duties within the internal control framework.

 

 

As a result of the infusion of cash into the Company with the closing of the Distribution Agreement with Ferring we will be taking steps to enhance our internal and disclosure controls.

 

Our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Acting Chief Financial Officer, does not expect that our disclosure controls and procedures or our internal controls will prevent all errors and all fraud.  A control system, no matter how well conceived and operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the objectives of the control system are met.  Further, the design of a control system must reflect the fact that there are resource constraints and the benefits of controls must be considered relative to their costs.  Because of the inherent limitations in all control systems, no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance that all control issues and instances of fraud, if any, within the Company have been detected.  These inherent limitations include, but are not limited to, the realities that judgments in decision-making can be faulty and that breakdowns can occur because of simple error or mistake.  Additionally, controls can be circumvented by the individual acts of some persons, by collusion of two or more people, or by management override of the control.  The design of any system of controls also is based in part upon certain assumptions about the likelihood of future events and there can be no assurance that any design will succeed in achieving its stated goals under all potential future conditions.  Over time, controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.  Because of the inherent limitations in a cost-effective control system, misstatements due to error or fraud may occur and not be detected.

 

Item 4b.     Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

There were no changes to our internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act) that occurred during the period covered by this report that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

 

 

PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 1.      Legal Proceedings

 

In April 2019 the Company took steps to move this litigation forward. INVO Bioscience has been waiting for the plaintiffs to file the proper court documentation since October 2016. Through their attorney INVO Bioscience issued an appeal with a motion to dismiss in the Superior Court of Suffolk County in Massachusetts. In May 2019 the plaintiffs filed the required paperwork, our attorney quickly filed a reply brief to have the notice of appeal struck with the court attacking their claims as it has done in the past. The Court responded by setting a hearing date in September 2019 to review our motion to dismiss. The Company and its attorney feels this is a positive step in getting this situation resolved.

 

This is a change to what was outlined in the Annual Report on Form 10K filed on April 16, 2019, where there has been no change in the status in the suit for over two years involving INVO Bioscience, Inc., and two of its directors since 2010, defending litigation brought by investors in an alleged predecessor of INVO Bioscience.  On March 24, 2010, INVO Bioscience, Inc. and its corporate affiliate, Bio X Cell, Inc., Claude Ranoux, and Kathleen Karloff were served an Amended Complaint, the original of which was filed on December 31, 2009 at the Suffolk Superior Court Business Litigation Session by two terminated employees of Medelle Corporation (also named as a co-defendant but no longer active), who are also attorneys, and a former investor in and creditor of Medelle.  These plaintiffs allege various claims of wrongdoing relating to the sale of assets of Medelle to Dr. Ranoux.  Plaintiffs claim that Dr. Ranoux, Ms. Karloff, and Medelle (and therefore INVO Bioscience as an alleged successor corporation) violated alleged duties owed to plaintiffs in connection with the sale.  Separate claims were also alleged against INVO Bioscience.

 

Dr. Ranoux, Ms. Karloff, and INVO Bioscience have challenged these allegations, which they believe are baseless.  The transfer of the assets of Medelle was professionally handled by an independent third party, after approval by the Medelle Board of Directors, representing a majority of its shareholders.  Medelle’s Board voted to proceed with an assignment for the benefit of creditors (AFBC) and gave complete authority to the President & CEO at that time (neither Dr. Ranoux nor Ms. Karloff) to work with the third-party assignee and to get the best possible price for those assets.  The third party was responsible for notifying all the appropriate parties and for filing notices in various professional publications and newspapers of Medelle’s intention to sell its assets.  The third party also contacted numerous large medical device and bio-pharma companies to learn if they would be interested in acquiring the assets.  After a private sale was deemed unlikely, the assignee of the assets elected to proceed with a sealed-bid auction of the assets.  On the day of the auction, Dr. Ranoux submitted the only bid and was awarded the assets, upon full payment. 

 

During 2010, Dr. Ranoux, Ms. Karloff, and INVO Bioscience filed Motions to Dismiss as to all claims, pursuant to M.R.Civ. P. 12(b)(6).  In a written Decision rendered on November 12, 2010, the judge dismissed all claims against INVO, Bio X Cell, and Ms. Karloff, and also dismissed the claims against Dr. Ranoux alleging civil conspiracy and breach of M.G.L. c. 93A.  The judge denied Dr. Ranoux’s motion to dismiss the remaining breach of fiduciary duty and fraud claims.  The plaintiffs allege in their Amended Complaint that Dr. Ranoux committed fraud by failing to inform them of the details of the Medelle auction. 

 

The claims against Dr. Ranoux that survived the November 2010 dismissal order were submitted to binding arbitration.  On February 15, 2013, the mutually-agreed arbitrator ruled in favor of Dr. Ranoux. The award held that Dr. Ranoux did not withhold information about the auction of Medelle’s assets and expressed doubt that the plaintiffs would have invested the resources necessary to make a beneficial use of the assets.  The arbitrator’s award then was confirmed by the Superior Court on August 21, 2013.  The Superior Court’s confirmation of the award was affirmed on appeal on October 20, 2013 by the Massachusetts Appeals Court.  The Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court then denied further appellate review.  

 

On October 18, 2016, following motions and argument, the Superior Court issued a memorandum of decision and order denying plaintiffs’ motion for entry of default judgment and assessment of damages against Medelle and allowed the motion of INVO Bioscience, Bio X Cell, and Ms. Karloff for entry of final judgment of dismissal.  The foregoing order was converted to a final judgment dismissing all claims against all defendants and entered on the docket on October 27, 2016.

 

On November 28, 2016, plaintiffs filed an amended notice of appeal from the Superior Court’s decision of October 17, 2016 and the subsequent judgment entered on October 27, 2016.  The appeal further challenges the order of dismissal from November, 2010.  Plaintiffs did not appeal from the dismissal of the claims against Ms. Karloff, so the judgment in her favor is now final, leaving claims against INVO Bioscience, Bio X Cell, Medelle, and Dr. Ranoux.

 

INVO Bioscience and Bio X Cell intend a vigorous opposition to the current appeal, consistent with their previous positions that no breach of duty occurred in the sale of Medelle’s assets. It is assumed that Dr. Ranoux will oppose the appeal as well.

 

 

Outside of the above-mentioned litigation, neither INVO Bioscience nor Bio X Cell, our wholly-owned subsidiary, either directly or indirectly, are involved in any lawsuit outside the ordinary course of business, the disposition of which would have a material effect upon either our results of operation, financial position, or cash flows.

 

Item 1A.   Risk Factors

 

You should carefully review and consider the information regarding certain factors that could materially affect our business, financial condition or future results set forth under “Item 1A.  Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018 filed on April 16, 2019 with the SEC.  There have been no material changes from the factors disclosed in our 2018 Annual Report on Form 10-K, although we may disclose changes to such factors or disclose additional factors from time to time in our future filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

 

Item 2.      Unregistered Issuance of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

 

In April 2019, we issued 800,000 shares of common stock upon conversion of notes payable in the amount of $160,000. We did not receive any proceeds upon issuance of these shares.

 

In May 2019, we issued 125,000 shares of common stock upon conversion of notes payable in the amount of $25,000. We did not receive any proceeds upon issuance of these shares.

 

We claimed the exemption from registration set forth in Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act and the rules thereunder for the issuances of common stock described above, as private transactions not involving a public distribution. The facts we relied upon to claim the exemption provided by Section 4(a)(2) include: (i) all represented that they acquired the shares from the Company for investment and not with a view to distribution to the public; (ii) each certificate issued for unregistered securities contains a legend stating that the securities have not been registered under the Securities Act and setting forth the restrictions on the transferability and the sale of the securities; (iii) most represented that they are accredited investors and all are familiar with our business activities; and (iv) all given full and complete access to any corporate information they requested.

 

Item 3.      Defaults Upon Senior Securities

 

None.

 

Item 4.      Mine Safety Disclosures

 

Not applicable

 

Item 5.      Other Information

 

On August 14, 2019, we appointed Debra Hoopes as our Acting Chief Financial Officer. Ms. Hoopes, 59 currently serves as CFO and Chief Admin Officer of Shine Management, Inc., an outsource Management Services organization, a position she has held since August of 2017.   Previously, Ms. Hoopes a co owner of H2CFO LLC in 2017 and prior to 2017 was the sole owner of Hoopes Management & Advisory Services LLC through which she provides outsourced CFO services.  Ms. Hoopes is a Certified Public Accountant (licensed in Virginia and Maryland) with a Bachelor of Science degree in Accounting from Virginia Tech and a Master of Business Administration from George Washington University and is a Chartered Global Management Accountant.

 

On August 14, 2019, Robert Bowdring resigned as our Acting Chief Financial Officer.

 

Item 6.      Exhibits

 

31.1

Certification of Principal Executive Officer under Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

31.2

Certification of Principal Financial Officer under Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

32

Certifications of Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer under Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

101

The following materials from the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2019, formatted in XBRL (eXtensible Business Reporting Language): (i) Consolidated Balance Sheets as of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, (ii) Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, (iii) Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, and (iv) Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized on August 14, 2019.

 

 

INVO Bioscience, Inc.

 

 

 

 

 

Date:  August 14, 2019

By:

/s/Kathleen Karloff                     

 

 

 

Kathleen Karloff, Chief Executive Officer

 

 

 

(Principal Executive Officer)

 

 

 

Date:  August 14, 2019

By:

/s/ Debra Hoopes           

 

 

 

Debra Hoopes, Acting Chief Financial Officer

 

 

 

(Acting Principal Financial and Accounting Officer)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EXHIBIT INDEX

 

31.1

Certification of Principal Executive Officer under Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

31.2

Certification of Principal Financial Officer under Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

32

Certifications of Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer under Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

101

The following materials from the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2019, formatted in XBRL (eXtensible Business Reporting Language): (i) Consolidated Balance Sheets as of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, (ii) Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, (iii) Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, and (iv) Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

 

 

 

 

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