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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-K

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2023

OR

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from ___________ to ___________

Commission file number 001-37994

Graphic

JBG SMITH PROPERTIES

(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)

Maryland

81-4307010

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)

(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

4747 Bethesda Avenue

Bethesda

MD

20814

Suite 200

(Zip Code)

(Address of Principal Executive Offices)

Registrant's telephone number, including area code:   (240) 333-3600

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class

    

Trading Symbol(s)

    

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common Shares, par value $0.01 per share

JBGS

New York Stock Exchange

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes    No  

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes   No  

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes   No 

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulations S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes   No 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company" and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer   

Accelerated filer   

Non-accelerated filer   

Smaller reporting company   

Emerging growth company  

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management's assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.

If securities are registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Exchange Act, indicate by check mark whether the financial statements of the registrant included in the filing reflect the correction of an error to previously issued financial statements.  

Indicate by check mark whether any of those error corrections are restatements that required a recovery analysis of incentive-based compensation received by any of the registrant’s executive officers during the relevant recovery period pursuant to § 240.10D-1(b).

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act) Yes    No  

As of February 16, 2024, JBG SMITH Properties had 91,927,506 common shares outstanding.

As of June 30, 2023, the aggregate market value of common stock held by non-affiliates of the Registrant was approximately $1.6 billion based on the June 30, 2023 closing share price of $15.04 per share on the New York Stock Exchange.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

Part III incorporates by reference information from certain portions of the registrant's definitive proxy statement for its 2024 annual meeting of shareholders to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission within 120 days after the end of the fiscal year to which this report relates.

JBG SMITH PROPERTIES

ANNUAL REPORT ON FORM 10-K

YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2023

TABLE OF CONTENTS

9

    

Page

Definitions

3

PART I

Item 1.

Business

8

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

20

Item 1B.

Unresolved Staff Comments

35

Item 1C.

Cybersecurity

35

Item 2.

Properties

37

Item 3.

Legal Proceedings

41

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

41

PART II

Item 5.

Market For Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

42

Item 6.

[Reserved]

44

Item 7.

Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

44

Item 7A.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

63

Item 8.

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

65

Item 9.

Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

113

Item 9A.

Controls and Procedures

113

Item 9B.

Other Information

115

Item 9C.

Disclosure Regarding Foreign Jurisdictions that Prevent Inspections

137

PART III

Item 10.

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

138

Item 11.

Executive Compensation

138

Item 12.

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

138

Item 13.

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions and Director Independence

138

Item 14.

Principal Accounting Fees and Services

138

PART IV

Item 15.

Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules

139

Item 16.

Form 10-K Summary

147

Signatures

148

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DEFINITIONS

Defined terms used in this Annual Report on Form 10-K:

"2000/2001 South Bell Street" refers to 2000 South Bell Street and 2001 South Bell Street, an under-construction multifamily asset.

"2023 Term Loan" refers to the $120.0 million term loan maturing in June 2028.

"ADA" means the Americans with Disabilities Act.

"Amazon" refers to Amazon.com, Inc.

"Annualized rent" means: (i) for multifamily assets, or the multifamily component of a mixed-use asset, the in-place monthly base rent before free rent as of December 31, 2023, multiplied by 12, and (ii) for commercial assets, or the retail component of a mixed-use asset, the in-place monthly base rent before free rent, plus tenant reimbursements as of December 31, 2023, multiplied by 12. Annualized rent excludes rent from leases that have been signed but the tenant has not yet taken occupancy (not yet included in percent occupied metrics) and percentage rent. The in-place monthly base rent does not take into consideration temporary rent relief arrangements.

"At JBG SMITH Share" and "Our share" refer to our ownership percentage of consolidated and unconsolidated assets in real estate ventures, but exclude our: (i) 10.0% subordinated interest in one commercial building, (ii) 33.5% subordinated interest in four commercial buildings, (iii) 49.0% interest in three commercial buildings and (iv) 9.9% interest in one commercial building, as well as the associated non-recourse mortgage loans, held through unconsolidated real estate ventures; these interests and debt are excluded because our investment in each real estate venture is zero, we do not anticipate receiving any near-term cash flow distributions from the real estate ventures and we have not guaranteed their obligations or otherwise committed to providing financial support.

"BOMA" means Building Owners and Managers Association International.

"CBRS" means the Citizens Broadband Radio Service.

"CIRP" means cybersecurity incident response plan.

"Code" refers to the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended.

"CODM" means our Chief Operating Decision Maker.

"Combination" refers to our acquisition of the management business and certain assets and liabilities of JBG.

"COVID-19" refers to the novel coronavirus pandemic.

"D&I" means diversity and inclusion.

"Development pipeline" refers to assets that have the potential to commence construction subject to receipt of full entitlements, completion of design and market conditions where we (i) own land or control the land through a ground lease or (ii) are under a long-term conditional contract to purchase, or enter into, a leasehold interest with respect to land.

"ESG" means environmental, social and governance.

"Estimated potential development density" reflects management's estimate of developable gross square feet based on our current business plans with respect to real estate owned or controlled as of December 31, 2023. Our current business plans may contemplate development of less than the maximum potential development density for individual assets. As

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market conditions change, our business plans, and therefore, the estimated potential development density, could change accordingly. Given timing, zoning requirements and other factors, we make no assurance that estimated potential development density amounts will become actual density to the extent we complete development of assets for which we have made such estimates.

"Exchange Act" refers to the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.

"FATCA" means the Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act.

"FATCA withholding" refers to a FATCA withholding tax.

"FIRPTA" means the Foreign Investment in Real Property Tax Act of 1980, as amended.

"Falkland Chase" refers to Falkland Chase-South & West and Falkland Chase-North.

"Formation Transaction" refers to the Separation and the Combination.

"Free rent" means the amount of base rent and tenant reimbursements that are abated according to the applicable lease agreement(s).

"FFO" means funds from operations, a non-GAAP financial measure computed in accordance with the definition established by Nareit in the Nareit FFO White Paper - 2018 Restatement. See Item 7, "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations-FFO" for further discussion.

"GAAP" means accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

"GSA" means the General Services Administration, the independent U.S. federal government agency that manages real estate procurement for the federal government and federal agencies.

"GRESB" refers to the Global ESG Benchmark for Real Estate Assets.

"In-service" refers to multifamily or commercial operating assets that are at or above 90% leased or have been operating and collecting rent for more than 12 months as of December 31, 2023.

"IRS" means the Internal Revenue Service.

"ISO" means the International Organization for Standardization.

"JBG" refers to The JBG Companies.

"JBG Legacy Funds" refers to the legacy funds formerly organized by The JBG Companies.

"JBG SMITH" refers to JBG SMITH Properties together with its consolidated subsidiaries.

"JBG SMITH LP" refers to JBG SMITH Properties LP, our operating partnership, together with its consolidated subsidiaries.

"JBG Excluded Assets" refers to the assets of the JBG Legacy Funds that were not contributed to JBG SMITH LP in the Combination.

"LIBOR" means the London Interbank Offered Rate.

"LTIP Units" means long-term incentive partnership units.

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"MAAL" means modeled average annual loss, which is the sum of climate-related expenses, decreased revenue, and/or business interruption over a fixed decadal period and expressed as an annual average within that decade.

"Metro" is the public transportation network serving the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area operated by the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority.

"Metro-served" are locations, submarkets or assets that are within 0.5 miles of an existing or planned Metro station.

"MGCL" means the Maryland General Corporation Law.

"MTA" means the Master Transaction Agreement, dated as of October 31, 2016, by and among Vornado, certain affiliates of Vornado, JBG SMITH and certain affiliates of JBG SMITH, as amended.

"Nareit" means the National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts.

"NAV" refers to net asset value.

"NOI" means net operating income, a non-GAAP financial measure management uses to assess an asset's performance.

The most directly comparable GAAP measure is net income (loss) attributable to common shareholders. We use NOI internally as a performance measure and believe NOI provides useful information to investors regarding our financial condition and results of operations because it reflects only property related revenue (which includes base rent, tenant reimbursements and other operating revenue, net of free rent and payments associated with assumed lease liabilities) less operating expenses and ground rent for operating leases, if applicable. NOI also excludes deferred rent, related party management fees, interest expense, and certain other non-cash adjustments, including the accretion of acquired below-market leases and the amortization of acquired above-market leases and below-market ground lease intangibles. Management uses NOI as a supplemental performance measure of our assets and believes it provides useful information to investors because it reflects only those revenue and expense items that are incurred at the asset level, excluding non-cash items. In addition, NOI is considered by many in the real estate industry to be a useful starting point for determining the value of a real estate asset or group of assets. However, because NOI excludes depreciation and amortization expense and captures neither the changes in the value of our assets that result from use or market conditions, nor the level of capital expenditures and capitalized leasing commissions necessary to maintain the operating performance of our assets, all of which have real economic effect and could materially impact the financial performance of our assets, the utility of NOI as a measure of the operating performance of our assets is limited. NOI presented by us may not be comparable to NOI reported by other REITs that define these measures differently. We believe that to facilitate a clear understanding of our operating results, NOI should be examined in conjunction with net income (loss) attributable to common shareholders as presented in our consolidated financial statements. NOI should not be considered as an alternative to net income (loss) attributable to common shareholders as an indication of our performance or to cash flows as a measure of liquidity or our ability to make distributions.

"NYSE" means the New York Stock Exchange.

"Non-same store" refers to all operating assets excluded from the same store pool.

"OP Units" refers to JBG SMITH LP common limited partnership units.

"Percent leased" is based on leases signed as of December 31, 2023, and is calculated as total rentable square feet less rentable square feet available for lease divided by total rentable square feet expressed as a percentage. Out-of-service square feet are excluded from this calculation.

"Percent occupied" is based on occupied rentable square feet/units as of December 31, 2023, and is calculated as: (i) for multifamily space, total units less unoccupied units divided by total units, expressed as a percentage, and (ii) for office and retail space, total rentable square feet less unoccupied square feet divided by total rentable square feet. Out-of-service square feet and units are excluded from this calculation.

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"QRS" means qualified real estate investment trust subsidiaries.

"REC" means renewable energy credit.

"REIT" means a real estate investment trust under Section 856 through 860 of the Code.

"REMIC" means a real estate mortgage investment conduit.

"Rosslyn Gateway" refers to Rosslyn Gateway-North, Rosslyn Gateway-South, Rosslyn Gateway-South Land and Rosslyn Gateway-North Land.

"SaaS" means software as a service.

"Same store" refers to the pool of assets that were in-service for the entirety of both periods being compared, except for assets for which significant redevelopment, renovation, or repositioning occurred during either of the periods being compared.

"SEC" means the Securities and Exchange Commission.

"Separation" refers to the spin-off transaction on July 17, 2017 through which we received substantially all the assets and liabilities of Vornado's Washington, D.C. segment.

"Separation Agreement" refers to the Separation and Distribution Agreement.

"Signed but not yet commenced leases" means leases that, as of December 31, 2023, have been executed but for which rent has not commenced.

"SOC" means systems and organization controls.

"SOFR" means the Secured Overnight Financing Rate.

"Square feet" ("SF") refers to the area that can be rented to tenants, defined as: (i) for multifamily assets, management's estimate of approximate rentable square feet, (ii) for commercial assets, rentable square footage defined in the current lease and for vacant space the rentable square footage defined in the previous lease for that space, (iii) for under-construction assets, management's estimate of approximate rentable square feet based on current design plans as of December 31, 2023, and (iv) for assets in the development pipeline, management's estimate of developable gross square feet based on current business plans with respect to real estate owned or controlled as of December 31, 2023.

"STEM" means science, technology, engineering and mathematics.

"Tax Matters Agreement" refers to an agreement with Vornado regarding tax matters.

"TCFD" means Task Force on Climate-Related Financial Disclosures.

"TIN" means taxpayer identification number.

"TMP" means taxable mortgage pool.

"Total annualized estimated rent" represents contractual monthly base rent before free rent, plus estimated tenant reimbursements for the month in which the lease is expected to commence, multiplied by 12.

"Tranche A-1 Term Loan" refers to the $200.0 million term loan maturing in January 2025.

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"Tranche A-2 Term Loan" refers to the $400.0 million term loan maturing in January 2028.

"Transaction and other costs" include pursuit costs related to completed, potential and pursued transactions, demolition costs, and severance and other costs.

"TRS" refers to taxable REIT subsidiaries.

"Under-construction" refers to assets that were under construction during the three months ended December 31, 2023.

"Vornado" means Vornado Realty Trust, a Maryland REIT.

"WHI" means the Washington Housing Initiative.

"WHI Impact Pool" is an investment vehicle managed by JBG SMITH on behalf of third-party investors that invests in affordable workforce housing.

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PART I

ITEM 1. BUSINESS

The Company

JBG SMITH, a Maryland REIT, owns, operates, invests in and develops mixed-use properties in high growth and high barrier-to-entry submarkets in and around Washington, D.C., most notably National Landing. Through an intense focus on placemaking, JBG SMITH cultivates vibrant, amenity-rich, walkable neighborhoods throughout the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area. Approximately 75.0% of our holdings are in the National Landing submarket in Northern Virginia, which is anchored by four key demand drivers: Amazon's new headquarters; Virginia Tech's under-construction $1 billion Innovation Campus; the submarket’s proximity to the Pentagon; and our deployment of 5G digital infrastructure. In addition, our third-party asset management and real estate services business provides fee-based real estate services to the JBG Legacy Funds, other third parties and the WHI Impact Pool.

Substantially all our assets are held by, and our operations are conducted through, JBG SMITH LP. As of December 31, 2023, JBG SMITH, as its sole general partner, controlled JBG SMITH LP and owned 87.8% of its OP Units, after giving effect to the conversion of certain vested LTIP Units that are convertible into OP Units. JBG SMITH is referred to herein as "we," "us," "our" or other similar terms.

As of December 31, 2023, our Operating Portfolio consisted of 44 operating assets comprising 16 multifamily assets totaling 6,318 units (6,318 units at our share), 26 commercial assets totaling 8.3 million square feet (7.7 million square feet at our share) and two wholly owned land assets for which we are the ground lessor. Additionally, we have two under-construction multifamily assets with 1,583 units (1,583 units at our share) and 17 assets in the development pipeline totaling 10.8 million square feet (8.8 million square feet at our share) of estimated potential development density. We present combined portfolio operating data that aggregates assets we consolidate in our consolidated financial statements and assets in which we own an interest, but do not consolidate in our financial results. For additional information regarding our assets, see Item 2 "Properties."

Certain terms used throughout this Annual Report on Form 10-K are defined under "Definitions" starting on page 3.

Our Strategy

We own and operate urban mixed-use properties concentrated in what we believe are the highest growth, Metro-served submarkets in and around Washington, D.C., most notably National Landing, that have significant barriers to entry and key urban amenities. We have significant expertise with multifamily, office and retail assets. We believe that we are known for our creative deal-making and capital allocation skills and for our development and value creation expertise. We intend to continue to opportunistically sell or recapitalize assets as well as land sites where a ground lease or joint venture execution may represent the most attractive path to maximizing value. Recycling the proceeds from these sales will not only fund our planned growth through value-added development and potential acquisitions but will also further advance the strategic shift in the composition of our portfolio to majority multifamily, with an office portfolio concentrated in National Landing.

One of our approaches to value creation uses a series of complementary disciplines through a process we call "Placemaking." Placemaking involves strategically mixing high-quality multifamily and commercial buildings with anchor, specialty and neighborhood retail in a high density, thoughtfully planned and designed public space. Through this process, we create synergies, and thus value, across those varied uses leading to unique, amenity-rich, walkable neighborhoods that are desirable and enhance tenant and investor demand. We believe our Placemaking approach will increase occupancy and rental rates in our portfolio, in particular with respect to our concentrated and extensive land and operating asset holdings in National Landing. National Landing, situated in Northern Virginia directly across the Potomac River from Washington, D.C., is the interconnected and walkable neighborhood that encompasses Crystal City, the eastern portion of Pentagon City and the northern portion of Potomac Yard. We believe National Landing is one of the region's best-located urban mixed-use communities due to its central and easily accessible location, its adjacency to Reagan National Airport, and its large base of existing offices, apartments and hotels.

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We are repositioning our holdings in National Landing by executing a broad array of Placemaking strategies, including the delivery of new multifamily and office developments, locally sourced amenity retail, and thoughtful improvements to the streetscape, sidewalks, parks and other outdoor gathering spaces. Utilizing our Placemaking expertise, each new project is intended to contribute to authentic and distinct neighborhoods by creating a vibrant street environment with robust retail offerings and other amenities, including improved public spaces.

Amazon's new headquarters is located in National Landing. During the second quarter of 2023, we completed the construction of two new office buildings for Amazon on Metropolitan Park in National Landing, totaling 2.1 million square feet, inclusive of approximately 50,000 square feet of street-level retail with new shops and restaurants, and Amazon took occupancy of its new headquarters in June 2023. We are the developer, property manager and retail leasing agent for Amazon's new headquarters at National Landing. As of December 31, 2023, we have leases with Amazon totaling approximately 927,000 square feet across five office buildings in National Landing.

In connection with Amazon's new headquarters in National Landing, the Commonwealth of Virginia agreed to provide tax incentives to Amazon to create a minimum of 25,000 new full-time jobs and potentially 37,850 full-time jobs in National Landing with average annual wage targets for each calendar year, starting with $150,000 in 2019, and escalating 1.5% per year. As of March 2023, Amazon has created approximately 8,000 new full-time jobs in National Landing. We, alongside Amazon, Virginia Tech, and federal, state, and local governments plan to invest over $12.0 billion, including infrastructure investments, that will directly benefit National Landing. The infrastructure investments include: a new Metro station (Potomac Yard), a new Metro entrance (Crystal Drive) a pedestrian bridge to Reagan National Airport; a new commuter rail station located between two of our Crystal Drive office assets; lowering of elevated sections of U.S. Route 1 that currently divide parts of National Landing to create better multimodal access and walkability; funding for the innovation campus anchored by Virginia Tech; and Long Bridge, the planned two-track rail connection between Washington, D.C. and National Landing. The Potomac Yard Metro station opened in May 2023.

In the fall of 2020, Virginia Tech virtually launched the inaugural academic year of its $1 billion Innovation Campus in National Landing, which is under construction. This expected powerful demand driver sits adjacent to 2.0 million square feet of development density we own in National Landing and the new Potomac Yard Metro station, which opened in May 2023, all approximately one mile south of Amazon's new headquarters. The campus is part of a 20-acre innovation district, of which the fully entitled first phase encompasses approximately 1.6 million square feet of space, including four office towers and two residential buildings, with ground-level retail. On this campus, Virginia Tech intends to create an innovation ecosystem by co-locating academic and private sector uses to accelerate research and development spending, as well as the commercialization of technology. When the Innovation Campus is fully operational, Virginia Tech plans to annually enroll approximately 750 master students and 200 PhD students in STEM fields. Virginia Tech is expected to occupy a 3.5-acre campus in the Innovation Campus.

In December 2023, we, along with Monumental Sports & Entertainment, the Commonwealth of Virginia, and the City of Alexandria announced a plan to build a new sports and entertainment anchor in National Landing, subject to definitive documentation and applicable government approvals. This 1.2 million square foot anchor would include a new arena for the Washington Capitals and Washington Wizards, along with a global corporate headquarters for Monumental Sports & Entertainment, a Monumental Sports Network media studio, the Wizards practice facility, a performing arts venue, and an expanded e-sports facility – all situated adjacent to the Virginia Tech Innovation Campus and the recently delivered Potomac Yard Metro Station.

We are making cutting-edge digital infrastructure investments to establish National Landing as among the first 5G-operable submarkets in the nation. Building upon our Placemaking efforts, we are leveraging our concentrated and extensive land and operating asset holdings in National Landing to deploy a digital infrastructure platform at a neighborhood scale that delivers an amenity that we believe enhances tenant demand, specifically in the technology and defense sectors, and further differentiates National Landing.

The following are key components of our strategy:

Capitalize on Significant Demand Catalysts in National Landing. We believe the strong technology sector tailwinds created by Amazon, the Virginia Tech Innovation Campus, the Pentagon and our National Landing digital infrastructure

9

platform will contribute to substantial growth from our Operating Portfolio and our 6.6 million square foot development pipeline in National Landing. Approximately 75.0% of our portfolio is located in National Landing where Amazon is incentivized to employ a minimum of 25,000 new full-time jobs and potentially 37,850 planned employees, and Virginia Tech's $1 billion Innovation Campus is under construction.

Given National Landing’s proximity to the Pentagon, recent historic increases in the U.S. defense budget and robust foreign defense spending, we believe National Landing is positioned to capture growing defense demand, particularly as tech and defense are increasingly intertwined. In 2023, 47.4% of leases executed by us in National Landing were with the Department of Defense and defense contractors.

We believe our investment in digital infrastructure including dense, redundant, and secure fiber networks, data center access, next-generation 5G connectivity, and privately held CBRS wireless spectrum provide a key advantage in continuing to attract companies to National Landing. The digital infrastructure provides us with valuable tenant inducement tools, such as the ability to offer ubiquitous and redundant fiber connectivity and 5G private cellular networks. Based on our experience, these features, delivered with support from industry-leading service providers including AT&T, Cisco, and Federated Wireless, are increasingly important to technology and defense companies, especially innovators in cybersecurity, internet of things, artificial intelligence and cloud computing. In 2023, we believe that access to the unique digital infrastructure amenity was a decision factor for many of the tenants who executed leases in National Landing.

In addition to our Primary Focus on National Landing, Invest in and Operate Mixed-Use Assets in Other High-Growth, Metro-Served Submarkets in the Washington, D.C. Metropolitan Area. We intend to continue our longstanding strategy of owning and operating urban mixed-use properties concentrated in what we believe are the highest growth, Metro-served submarkets in the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area with high barriers to entry and vibrant urban amenities. In addition to National Landing, these submarkets include the Rosslyn-Ballston Corridor in Northern Virginia; the Ballpark, U Street/Shaw, and Union Market/NoMa, in the District of Columbia; and Bethesda in Maryland. These submarkets generally feature strong economic and demographic attributes, as well as superior transportation infrastructure that caters to the preferences of multifamily, office and retail tenants. We believe these positive attributes will enable our assets located in these high-growth submarkets to outperform the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area as a whole.

Drive Incremental Growth Through Lease-up and Stabilization of Our Operating Assets, and Deliver Our Under-Construction Assets. Given our leasing capabilities and tenant demand for high-quality space in our submarkets, we believe that we are well positioned to achieve significant internal growth from the lease-up of vacant space in our in-service Operating Portfolio. As of December 31, 2023, we had 16 multifamily assets totaling 6,318 units (6,318 units at our share), which were 96.0% leased at our share. As of December 31, 2023, we had 26 commercial assets totaling 8.3 million square feet (7.7 million square feet at our share), which were 86.3% leased at our share, resulting in 1.0 million square feet available for lease. In addition to portfolio lease-up, we expect increases in NOI from: (i) the commencement of signed but not yet commenced office and retail leases ($4.7 million total annualized estimated rent as of December 31, 2023, of which $2.7 million is expected in 2024) and (ii) contractual rent escalators in our non-GSA office and retail leases, which are based on increases in the Consumer Price Index or a fixed percentage.

As of December 31, 2023, we had 1,583 multifamily units under construction in National Landing across two projects (4 buildings): 1900 Crystal Drive and 2000/2001 South Bell Street. Based on our current plans and estimates, these assets will require an additional $177.1 million to complete.

Monetize Our Significant Development Pipeline. We expect our pipeline of ground-up development opportunities will produce favorable risk-adjusted returns on invested capital.

As of December 31, 2023, our development pipeline consisted of 17 assets, and we estimate it can support 10.8 million square feet (8.8 million square feet at our share) of estimated potential development density: 82.1% of this potential development density comprises multifamily projects located in the high-growth submarkets of National Landing, the Ballpark, and Union Market/NoMa; and 100.0% of this potential development density is Metro-served. Subject to market conditions, we intend to invest in multifamily development and in new office development subject to preleasing. The estimated potential development densities and uses reflect our current business plans as of December 31, 2023 and are subject to change based on market conditions.

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In addition to developing select assets in this pipeline, we expect to unlock value through opportunistic asset sales, ground leases and recapitalizations.

Actively Allocate our Capital, Reposition Our Portfolio to Majority Multifamily and Concentrate our Office Portfolio in National Landing. A fundamental component of our strategy to maximize long-term NAV per share is active capital allocation. We evaluate development, acquisition, disposition, share repurchases and other investment decisions based on how they may impact long-term NAV per share. We intend to continue to opportunistically sell or recapitalize assets as well as land sites where a ground lease or joint venture execution may represent the most attractive path to maximizing value. Successful execution of our capital allocation strategy enables us to source capital at NAV from the disposition of assets generating low cash yields and invest those proceeds in new acquisitions with higher cash yields and growth, development projects with significant yield spreads and profit potential, and share repurchases. Consequently, at any given time, we expect to be in various stages of discussions and negotiations with potential buyers, real estate venture partners, ground lessors, and other counterparties with respect to sales, joint ventures, and/or ground leases for certain of our assets, including portfolios thereof. These discussions and negotiations may or may not lead to definitive documentation or closed transactions. We anticipate redeploying the proceeds from these sales will not only help fund our planned growth but will also further advance the strategic shift of our portfolio to majority multifamily. Current market conditions, however, have significantly slowed down the pace of asset sales, and we expect this reduced activity to continue in 2024. In the meantime, we continue to advance our two under-construction multifamily assets in National Landing, 1900 Crystal Drive and 2000/2001 South Bell Street, totaling 1,583 units.

We expect near-term acquisition activity to be focused on assets in emerging growth neighborhoods, as well as assets adjacent to our existing holdings where the combination of sites can add unique value to any new investment with a focus on multifamily given our long-term objective of growing our portfolio to majority multifamily. Where there are opportunities to trade out of higher risk assets with extensive capital needs or those outside of our geographic footprint, we will consider like-kind exchanges under Section 1031 of the Code.

Third-Party Services Business

Our third-party asset management and real estate services business provides fee-based real estate services to the JBG Legacy Funds, other third parties and the WHI Impact Pool. Although a significant portion of the assets and interests in assets formerly owned by certain of the JBG Legacy Funds were contributed to us in the Combination, the JBG Legacy Funds retained certain assets that were not consistent with our long-term business strategy. With respect to the remaining investments of the JBG Legacy Funds, we provide asset management, property management, development, construction management, leasing and other services. We expect to continue to earn fees for the management of the JBG Legacy Funds until their investments are liquidated. Certain individual members of our management team own direct equity co-investment and promote interests in the JBG Legacy Funds and certain of the funds' investments that were not contributed to us. These economic interests will be eliminated as the JBG Legacy Funds are wound down over time. Additionally, we often retain management of properties we sell as part of our capital allocation strategy. These assets, while no longer owned by us, continue to generate third-party service fees.

We believe that the fees we earn in connection with providing these third-party services enhance our overall returns, provide additional scale and efficiency in our operating, development and acquisition businesses and absorb a portion of the overhead and other administrative costs of our platform. This scale provides competitive advantages, including market knowledge, buying power and operating efficiencies across all product types. We also believe that our existing relationships arising out of our third-party asset management and real estate services business will continue to provide potential access to capital and new investment opportunities.

Competition

The commercial real estate markets in which we operate are highly competitive. We compete with numerous acquirers, developers, owners and operators of commercial real estate including other REITs, private equity investors, domestic and foreign financial institutions, life insurance companies, pension trusts, partnerships, and individual investors, many of which own or may seek to acquire or develop assets similar to ours in the same markets in which our assets are located. These competitors may have greater financial resources or access to capital than we do or be willing to acquire assets in

11

transactions which are more highly leveraged or are less attractive from a financial viewpoint than we are willing to pursue, which may reduce the number of suitable investment opportunities available to us or increase pricing. Leasing is a major component of our business and is highly competitive. The principal means of competition in leasing are lease terms (including rent charged and tenant improvement allowances), location, services provided, and the nature and condition of the asset to be leased. If our competitors offer space at rental rates below current market rates, below the rental rates we currently charge our tenants, in better locations within our markets, in higher quality assets or offer better services, we may lose existing and potential tenants, and we may be pressured to reduce our rental rates below those we currently charge to retain tenants when our tenants' leases expire.

Segment Data

We operate in the following business segments: multifamily, commercial and third-party asset management and real estate services. Financial information related to these business segments for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2023 is set forth in Note 20 to the consolidated financial statements.

Tax Status

We have elected to be taxed as a REIT under Sections 856-860 of the Code. Under those sections, a REIT which distributes at least 90% of its REIT taxable income as dividends to its shareholders each year and which meets certain other conditions will not be taxed on that portion of its taxable income which is distributed to its shareholders. We currently adhere and intend to continue to adhere to these requirements and to maintain our REIT status in future periods.

Future distributions will be declared and paid at the discretion of our Board of Trustees and will depend upon cash generated by operating activities, our financial condition, capital requirements, annual dividend requirements under the REIT provisions of the Code and such other factors as our Board of Trustees deems relevant.

We also participate in the activities conducted by our subsidiary entities that have elected to be treated as TRSs under the Code. As such, we are subject to federal, state, and local taxes on the income from these activities. For additional information regarding our REIT status, see Item 9B "Other Information."

Significant Tenants

Only the U.S. federal government accounted for 10% or more of our rental revenue, which consists of property rental and other property revenue, as follows:

Year Ended December 31, 

    

2023

    

2022

    

2021

(Dollars in thousands)

Rental revenue from the U.S. federal government

$

64,439

$

75,516

$

83,256

Percentage of commercial segment rental revenue

 

23.0

%  

 

23.7

%  

 

22.8

%

Percentage of rental revenue

 

12.9

%  

 

14.8

%  

 

16.2

%

ESG

Our business values integrate environmental sustainability, social responsibility, D&I, and strong governance practices throughout our organization. We believe that by understanding the social and environmental impacts of our business, we are better able to protect asset value, reduce risk, and advance initiatives that result in positive social and environmental outcomes creating shared value. Our business model prioritizes maximizing long-term NAV per share. By investing in urban infill and transit-oriented development and strategically mixing high-quality multifamily and commercial buildings with public areas, retail spaces, and walkable streets, we are working to define neighborhoods that deliver benefits to the environment and our community, as well as long-term value to our shareholders.

We remain committed to transparent reporting of ESG financial and non-financial indicators. We intend to continue publishing an annual ESG report with key performance indicators that are aligned with the Global Reporting Initiative

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reporting framework, United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, Sustainability Accounting Standards Board Standards, and recommendations set forth by the Task Force on Climate-Related Financial Disclosures. In 2023, we maintained a carbon neutral operating portfolio for Scope 1 and Scope 2. Carbon neutrality was accomplished first through energy and water efficiency, then the purchase of verified carbon offsets for Scope 1 emissions produced by onsite natural gas consumption and fugitive refrigerant emissions, and the purchase of Green-e RECs for Scope 2 emissions produced by consuming onsite electricity procured by us. (We own three company vehicles with emissions that are less than 0.01% of our carbon footprint and, therefore, are not included in our calculations of carbon neutrality.) Our planned next step toward long-term sustainability includes the development and execution of an offsite renewable energy strategy, which is expected to replace a significant portion of our annual REC purchases, which add renewable energy capacity to the national electrical grid. Our detailed sustainability information, including our strategy, key performance targets and indicators, annual absolute comparisons, achievements and historical ESG reports are available on our website at https://www.JBGSMITH.com/About/Sustainability. All energy, water, waste and greenhouse gas emissions data in our ESG report is third-party, limited assurance verified following ISO 14064-3. Our website and the information contained therein or connected thereto are not intended to be incorporated into this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

We focus on operating efficiency, responding to evolving environmental and social trends, and delivering on the needs of our tenants and communities. We have demonstrated the results of this focus by:

Achieving a 5-star designation in the GRESB Global ESG Benchmark for Real Assets for both diversified operating assets and future development, and being recognized as a 2023 Global Sector Leader - Development - Residential Sector.
Being named 2023 Nareit Diversified Leader in the Light award winner for sustained ESG excellence.
Being named a 2023 U.S. Green Building Council Leadership award winner for sustainability leadership in the real estate sector.
Maintaining an ESG Committee and oversight of environmental and social matters by the Board of Trustees' Corporate Governance & Nominating Committee.
Being named to Bloomberg's Gender Equality Index.
Maintaining the diversity of our Board of Trustees, which currently comprises 40% women. Reflecting the strength and diversity of our national labor force, our Board of Trustees has made a long-term commitment to evolve its composition to have equal balance between men and women and to reflect the ethnic diversity of our country.
Surpassing $114 million in investor commitments to the JBG SMITH-managed WHI Impact Pool, which raises funds from third parties and, through 2023, has closed $72.0 million in financing related to the purchase of residential communities containing 2,833 units. We launched the WHI in 2018 in partnership with the Federal City Council to preserve or build between 2,000 and 3,000 units of affordable workforce housing in the Washington, D.C. region.

Our sustainability team works directly with our business units to integrate our ESG principles throughout our operations and investment processes. Our sustainability team is responsible for leading annual ESG reporting efforts, maintaining building certifications, energy, water and waste benchmarking, sustainability strategy development, and implementation and coordination with industry and community partners.

To ensure that our ESG principles are fully integrated into our business practices, our sustainability, human resources, legal, accounting, D&I, and social impact investing teams, as well as members of our management team, provide top-down support for the implementation of ESG initiatives. Our ESG Committee is responsible for ESG improvement initiatives and provides our Board of Trustees' Corporate Governance & Nominating and Audit Committees with periodic updates on ESG strategy. Accomplishments of this group in 2023 include an update to climate-related risks inclusive of physical and transition risks and the potential financial impacts of those risks, and the creation and adoption of human rights and ESG policies.

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Energy and Water Efficiency and Management

We believe that the efficient use of natural resources will result in sustainable long-term value and mitigate climate-related risks. By 2030, we have committed to reduce: energy consumption 25%, predicted energy consumption 25%, water consumption 20% and greenhouse gas emissions (Scope 1 and 2) 25%. Further, by 2030, we have committed to increase waste diversion to 60% and verify all assets using green building and health and well-being certifications across our Operating Portfolio and development pipeline. In addition to our 2030 targets, we have a legacy commitment to improve the energy efficiency of our commercial Operating Portfolio by at least 20% over the 10-year period ending in 2024 through the Department of Energy Better Buildings Challenge. We achieve this improvement through real time energy use monitoring. We are tracking a 15% reduction in energy consumption, a 12% reduction in water consumption and a 25% reduction in carbon emissions from our 2018 baseline through 2022. We report progress on these commitments annually in our ESG report.

Our long-term strategy to reduce energy and water consumption includes operational and capital improvements that align with our business plan and contribute to attaining our performance targets. Asset teams review historical performance, conduct energy audits and regularly assess opportunities to achieve efficiency targets. Capital investment planning considers the useful life of equipment, energy and water efficiency, occupant health impacts and maintenance requirements. Asset-level business plans that include energy and water efficiency capital investments were completed in 2023.

Our development strategy focuses on reducing predicted energy and water consumption and embodied carbon, contributing to attaining our performance targets. Development teams use energy, water, and embodied carbon modeling to inform design decisions that best fit each individual building program, adapt to identified climate change conditions for our region, and promote healthy buildings. Since the establishment of performance targets for our development projects, we are tracking an aggregate 25% reduction in predicted energy consumption, 35% reduction in predicted water use and 20% reduction in embodied carbon as of December 31, 2023.

We use green building and health and well-being certifications as a verification tool across our portfolio. These certifications demonstrate our commitment to green, smart, and healthy buildings and verify predicted operational performance. We seek to benchmark 100% of our assets to help inform capital improvement projects. As of December 31, 2023:

95% of all operating assets, based on square footage, have earned at least one green building or health and well-being certification:
o3.2 million square feet of LEED Certified Multifamily Space (61%)
o3.3 million square feet of LEED Certified Commercial Space (43%)
o2.7 million square feet of ENERGY STAR Certified Multifamily Space (52%)
o3.9 million square feet of ENERGY STAR Certified Commercial Space (51%)
o7.5 million square feet of BOMA 360 Certified Commercial Space (99%)
o3.8 million square feet of Fitwel Full Building Certified Commercial and Multifamily Space (29%)
o7.3 million square feet of Fitwel Viral Response Module Certified Commercial Space (96%)
99.4% of our operating assets' energy and water use are benchmarked

Tenant Sustainability Impacts

Customer service is an integral component of real estate management. Our mission includes creating a unique experience at all our properties where our tenants' needs are our highest priority. We believe in sustainability as a service — by integrating efficiency and conservation into standard operating practices, we engage on topics that are most impactful to our tenants and residents. We are committed to providing a healthy living and working environment for building occupants. We accomplish this goal through monitoring and improving indoor air quality, eliminating toxic chemicals, providing access to nature and daylight, fresh foods, fitness, composting and waste reduction programs.

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We are a Green Lease Leader established by the Institute for Market Transformation and the U.S. Department of Energy's Better Buildings Alliance. Green Lease Leaders recognizes companies who use the leasing process to achieve better collaboration between landlords and tenants with the goal of reducing building energy consumption and operating costs. Our standard lease contains a cost recovery clause for resource efficiency-related capital improvements and requires tenants to provide data for measuring, managing, and reporting sustainability performance. This language is included in 100% of our new office and retail leases and renewals.

Nearly all our commercial tenants are metered at the whole building level for their grid electricity and water usage. Many of our retail tenants in multifamily buildings are billed directly for electricity and water. As such, the percentage of our directly sub-metered tenants is very low. In most cases, we receive a bill at the whole building level for grid electricity and water usage, and bill tenants based on the percentage of the building's square footage that they occupy. These tenants are not considered to be separately metered or sub-metered.

Climate Change Resilience

We take climate change and the associated risks seriously, and we are committed to managing and avoiding the impacts of climate change using science to inform action. We stand with our communities, tenants and shareholders in supporting meaningful solutions that address this global challenge. To develop a more informed view of future climate conditions and further our understanding of the direct climate-related risks to our properties, we have conducted a new climate-related risk assessment (both acute and chronic risks across our operating assets and development pipeline) which addresses both physical and transition climate risk factors, and estimates the financial implications of those modeled risks at the asset level.

Climate Change Risk Management Strategy

We have aligned our climate-related disclosures with the recommendations of the TCFD. As defined by the TCFD framework, physical risks associated with climate change include acute risks (extreme weather-related events) and chronic risks (such as extreme heat and coastal flooding), and transition risks associated with climate change include policy and legal risks, market and reputation-related risks and decarbonization technology risks.

Our 2023 assessment of climate change risk relied on S&P Global Inc.'s Climanomics modeling tool. The Climanomics methodology projects portfolio level risk exposure as well as individual asset risk exposure over four reference scenarios, or representative concentration pathways, established by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and across a range of time horizons through 2100. Climanomics’ primary output is a risk exposure metric called MAAL. This value is presented as both absolute MAAL ($ in millions) and relative MAAL (% of total asset or portfolio value). We intend to conduct periodic climate-related risk assessments as the composition of our portfolio changes.

The assessment included all in-service assets, and our development pipeline and landholdings, and included climate events such as hurricane, wildfire, temperature extremes, water stress, drought, fluvial and coastal flooding. The assessment of our portfolio identified fluvial and coastal flooding and temperature extremes (heat stress) as top hazards. We currently have no properties in a Federal Emergency Management Agency hazard designated area.

Asset-Level Risk Management

We are managing transition risks by benchmarking energy, carbon, water and waste performance at the asset level and review this information with asset management and operations teams quarterly. As a leader in green building, we will continue to make capital investments that enhance building performance and tenant comfort, energy and water efficiency, on-site renewable energy and other decarbonization strategies. We work with our insurance team to benchmark resilience features and develop adaptations for short-term horizons. We aim to develop risk mitigation and physical resilience plans for all assets taking into account the outputs from the Climanomics tool.

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Carbon-Neutral Operations Strategy

Our strategy to maintain carbon-neutral operations includes the following steps:

First and foremost, plan for and deploy energy and water efficiency at all assets.
Plan for and deploy energy, water, and embodied carbon reductions in the design of our buildings.
Deploy on-site renewable energy where most impactful.
Develop and deploy off-site renewable procurement strategies.
To the extent necessary, offset any remaining emissions by purchasing verified renewable energy credits and carbon offsets.

Social Responsibility

We believe the economic strength of our region is central to sustaining the long-term value of our portfolio. We are committed to the economic development of the Washington D.C. metropolitan area through continued investment in our projects and local communities. We recognize, however, that new development can foster challenging growth dynamics, with matters of social equity at the forefront. We strive to work alongside community members, leaders, and local and federal governments to appropriately respond to these challenges. One of our efforts is the WHI, which we launched in 2018 in partnership with the Federal City Council.

The WHI is a transformational market-driven approach to producing affordable workforce housing and creating sustainable, mixed-income communities. The WHI is a scalable, market-driven model funded by a unique relationship between philanthropy and private investment. As of December 31, 2023, we have invested $7.7 million of our $11.2 million commitment in the WHI Impact Pool. The WHI Impact Pool completed fundraising in 2020 with capital commitments totaling $114.4 million, and has closed $72.0 million in financing related to the purchase of residential communities containing 2,833 units through December 31, 2023.

To learn more about our ESG initiatives and performance, please visit https://www.JBGSMITH.com/About/Sustainability and download our ESG Report. The expected publication date of our 2024 ESG report is April 30, 2024. Our website and the information contained therein or connected thereto are not intended to be incorporated into this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

D&I

We have a comprehensive, multi-year D&I strategy. See "Human Capital" below for further discussion.

Governance

We are engaged in addressing ESG matters, including climate-related matters, at all levels of our organization. Management’s role in overseeing, assessing, and managing climate-related risks, opportunities and initiatives is integrated throughout our business units. We have a dedicated team of sustainability professionals focused on ESG matters that coordinate and collaborate across business units and with our Board of Trustees and management, and which advises on environmental sustainability matters and develops and implements related initiatives. In 2022, management established a new ESG Committee to help inform ESG strategy and more robustly advise the Board of Trustees on climate-related risks and opportunities. The ESG Committee is responsible for ensuring compliance with guidelines from the SEC and other regulatory bodies, and assists in establishing our general strategy as it relates to ESG matters that may affect our business, operation, performance or reputation. The ESG Committee reports to the Chief Legal Officer, with oversight provided by the Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee. Co-chairs include our Deputy General Counsel and Senior Vice President of Sustainability, with representation by business leaders from various groups across the organization.

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Regulatory Matters

Environmental Matters

Under various federal, state and local laws, ordinances and regulations, a current or former owner or operator of real estate may be liable for conducting or paying for the costs of the investigation, removal or remediation of certain hazardous or toxic substances on that real estate. These laws often impose such liability without regard to whether the owner knew of, or was responsible for, the presence of hazardous or toxic substances, and the liability may be joint and several. The costs of remediation or removal of these substances may be substantial and could exceed the value of the property, and the presence of these substances, or the failure to promptly remediate these substances, may adversely affect the owner's ability to sell or develop the real estate or to borrow using the real estate as collateral. In connection with the ownership and operation of our current and former assets, we may be potentially liable for these costs. The operations of current and former tenants at our assets have involved, or may have involved, the use of hazardous substances or generated hazardous wastes, and indemnities in our lease agreements may not fully protect us from liability, if, for example, a tenant responsible for environmental non­compliance or contamination becomes insolvent. The release of these hazardous substances and wastes could result in us incurring liabilities to remediate any resulting contamination. The presence of contamination or the failure to remediate contamination at our properties may (i) expose us to third-party liability (e.g., for cleanup costs, natural resource damages, bodily injury or property damage), (ii) subject our properties to liens in favor of the government for damages and costs the government incurs in connection with the contamination, (iii) impose restrictions on the manner in which a property may be used or businesses may be operated, or (iv) materially adversely affect our ability to sell, lease or develop the real estate or to borrow using the real estate as collateral. In addition, our assets are exposed to the risk of contamination originating from other sources. While a property owner may not be responsible for remediating contamination that has migrated onsite from an identifiable and viable offsite source, the contaminant's presence can have adverse effects on operations and the redevelopment of our assets. To the extent we arrange for contaminated materials to be sent to other locations for treatment or disposal, we may be liable for the cleanup of those sites if they become contaminated, without regard to whether we complied with environmental laws in doing so.

Most of our assets have been subject, at some point, to environmental assessments that are intended to evaluate the environmental condition of the subject and surrounding assets. These environmental assessments generally have included a historical review, a public records review, a visual inspection of the site and surrounding assets, visual or historical evidence of underground storage tanks and other features, and the preparation and issuance of a written report. Soil, soil vapor and/or groundwater subsurface testing is conducted at our assets, when necessary, to further investigate any issues raised by the initial assessment that could reasonably be expected to pose a material concern to the property or result in us incurring material environmental liabilities as a result of redevelopment. The tests may not, however, have included extensive sampling or subsurface investigations. In each case where the environmental assessments have identified conditions requiring remedial actions required by law, we have initiated appropriate actions. The environmental assessments have not revealed any material environmental contamination that we believe would have a material adverse effect on our overall business, financial condition or results of operations, or that have not been anticipated and remediated during site redevelopment as required by law. Nevertheless, there can be no assurance that the identification of new areas of contamination, changes in the extent or known scope of contamination, the discovery of additional sites or changes in cleanup requirements would not result in significant cost to us.

Affordable Housing and Tenant Protection Regulations

Certain states and municipalities have adopted laws and regulations imposing restrictions on the timing or amount of rent increases and other tenant protections. As of December 31, 2023, approximately 7% of the multifamily units in our Operating Portfolio were designated as affordable housing. In addition, Washington, D.C. and Montgomery County, Maryland have laws that require, in certain circumstances, an owner of a multifamily rental property to allow tenant organizations the option to purchase the building at a market price if the owner attempts to sell the property. We expect to continue operating and acquiring assets in areas that either are subject to these types of laws or regulations or where such laws or regulations may be enacted in the future. Such laws and regulations limit our ability to charge market rents, increase rents, evict tenants or recover increases in our operating expenses and could make it more difficult for us to dispose of assets in certain circumstances.

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The Americans with Disabilities Act and other Federal, State and Local Regulations

The ADA generally requires that public buildings, including our assets, meet certain federal requirements related to access and use by disabled persons. Noncompliance could result in the imposition of fines by the federal government or the award of damages to private litigants and/or legal fees to their counsel. If, under the ADA, we are required to make substantial alterations and capital expenditures in one or more of our assets, including the removal of access barriers, it could have a material adverse effect on us.

Additionally, our assets are subject to various federal, state and local regulatory requirements, such as state and local fire and life safety requirements. If we fail to comply with these requirements, we could incur fines or private damage awards. We do not know whether existing requirements will change or whether compliance with future requirements will require significant unanticipated expenditures that will affect our cash flow and results of operations.

Regulation Related to Government Tenants

As discussed above, the U.S. federal government is a significant tenant. Lease agreements with federal government agencies contain provisions required by federal law, which require, among other things, that the lessor of the property agree to comply with certain rules and regulations, including rules and regulations related to anti-kickback procedures, examination of records, audits and records, equal opportunity provisions, prohibition against segregated facilities, certain executive orders, subcontractor cost or pricing data, and certain provisions intending to assist small businesses. We directly manage assets with federal government agency tenants, which subjects us to additional risks associated with compliance with applicable federal rules and regulations. In addition, there are additional requirements relating to the potential application of equal opportunity provisions and related requirements to prepare written affirmative action plans applicable to government contractors and subcontractors. Some of the factors used to determine whether these requirements apply to a company that is affiliated with the actual government contractor (the legal entity that is the lessor under a lease with a federal government agency) include whether that company and the government contractor are under common ownership, have common management, and are under common control. We own the entity that is the government contractor and the property manager, increasing the risk that requirements of the Employment Standards Administration's Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs and requirements to prepare affirmative action plans pursuant to the applicable executive order may be determined to be applicable to us. Compliance with these regulations is costly and any increase in regulation could increase our costs, which could have a material adverse effect on us.

Human Capital

Our headquarters is located at 4747 Bethesda Avenue, Suite 200, Bethesda, MD 20814. As of December 31, 2023, we had 844 employees.

We believe that our talent is our competitive advantage. To that end, we focus on talent development and succession planning, pay-for-performance, and D&I. We utilize talent management practices in the broadest sense to create an engaging workplace experience for our employees, where they feel valued, respected and supported. Based on our most recent engagement survey, our employees are highly satisfied with their jobs (90% favorable) and feel positive about our D&I efforts and progress (88% favorable).

We are keenly focused on the employee experience and want every person to feel respected for what makes them unique. At the same time, our core values provide a sound structure for finding common ground and working together as a team to deliver the best possible outcomes. In addition to our inclusive culture, our pay equity study results show no systemic disparity in compensation related to race or gender, affirming our strong belief in treating people equitably.

With our hybrid corporate office schedule, flexibility, and emphasis on health and welfare, we offer our employees an environment that enables them to be confident in their in-office experience and demonstrate the energy and excitement that comes from being together and collaborating with coworkers to achieve desirable outcomes. In addition, we are proud to have been recognized by the Washington Post as a "Top Workplace" several times in past years, and are focused on providing a positive employee experience to ensure that we remain an employer of choice.

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We continually invest in our employee population, ensuring our employee experience more broadly continues to help us attract and retain the best talent in the industry. The list below is a sampling of offerings that help create a compelling employee experience:

Streamlined annual performance reviews
Executive coaching available
Employee share purchase plan
Hybrid / flexible work schedules
Flexible paid time off
Regular town halls where senior management updates the entire team on recent progress and other important matters
Employee surveys
Mentorship and coaching programs to develop and retain talent
Monthly D&I communications
Employee roundtable discussions on pertinent current events, workplace issues and teambuilding
Utilization of JBGS Inclusion Community and Women's Initiative to guide D&I programming and events
Partnerships with schools and organizations to facilitate recruitment of diverse talent
Employee referral program
Generous company subsidy on health-related benefits
Lunches with Leaders
Volunteer opportunities

In addition to the above, we have a strong pay-for-performance culture where compensation is tied to both company and individual performance, ensuring that employees are focused on our success, as well as their individual goals. We want our employees to feel aligned with our company vision and enabled to grow in their careers. To that end, we have a strong track record of promoting from within; in 2023, 50% of promotions went to people of color. Consequently, the opportunities for growth and development also help to keep our population engaged and motivated.

2023 continued the evolution of our comprehensive, multi-year D&I strategy. With an ongoing focus on our three strategic pillars – (i) employee development, (ii) engagement and (iii) recruiting – we have made additional progress and have continued to drive cultural and behavioral change. We offered a broad range of events and activities to recognize and celebrate our employees’ rich cultural diversity.

We recognize that diversity in our workforce brings valuable perspectives, views and ideas to our organization. We pride ourselves on our strong, collaborative culture, and we strive to create an inclusive and healthy work environment for our employees, which helps us continue to attract innovators to our organization. Our workforce comprises 38% women and 61% people of color, and our senior leadership has 39% women representation. In addition, we were proud to be named to the 2023 Bloomberg Gender Equality Index.

Implementing more inclusive, equitable systems and practices had a significant impact on our ability to identify diverse talent, particularly related to our entry-level recruitment efforts. 100% of 2023 intern hires were from underrepresented groups, and 81% of our new hires at all levels were people of color. In addition, we have continued to expand our strategic partnerships with diverse educational, professional and community organizations to ensure that we are building a strong, diverse pipeline of talent.

Available Information

Copies of our Annual Report on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K, and amendments to those reports are available free of charge through our website (https://www.JBGSMITH.com) as soon as

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reasonably practicable after they are electronically filed with, or furnished to, the SEC. Also available on our website are copies of our Audit Committee Charter, Compensation Committee Charter, Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee Charter, Code of Business Conduct and Ethics and Corporate Governance Guidelines. In the event of any changes to these charters or the code or guidelines, changed copies will also be made available on our website. Copies of these documents are also available directly from us free of charge. Our website also includes other financial information, including certain financial measures not in compliance with GAAP, none of which is a part of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. Copies of our filings under the Exchange Act are also available free of charge from us, upon request.

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

You should carefully consider the following risks in evaluating our company and our common shares. If any of the following risks were to occur, our business, prospects, financial condition, results of operations, cash flow, and the ability to make distributions to our shareholders could be materially and adversely affected, which we refer to herein collectively as a "material adverse effect on us," the per share trading price of our common shares could decline significantly, and you could lose all or part of your investment. Some statements in this Form 10-K, including statements in the following risk factors, constitute forward-looking statements. Refer to the section entitled "Cautionary Statement Concerning Forward-Looking Statements" for additional information regarding these forward-looking statements.

Risks Related to Our Business and Operations

A material portion of our portfolio comprises office assets, which have generally experienced a decrease in demand and may experience a further decrease in demand that could have a material adverse effect on us. Furthermore, the decline in the attractiveness of office assets, particularly combined with a lack of transactional activity and the current challenging capital markets could delay our capital recycling plans and our planned transition to majority multifamily.

A material portion of our portfolio comprises office assets, which, due to the increase in work-from-home policies and practices, have generally experienced a decrease in demand and may experience a further decrease in demand as some tenants do not renew leases as they expire or renew space with a smaller footprint, which could have a material adverse effect on us. Demand for office space in the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area and nationwide, including in our portfolio, has declined and may continue to decline due to increased usage of teleworking arrangements and more flexible work-from-anywhere policies leading to reconsiderations regarding amount of square footage needed (e.g. certain tenants have reduced their leased square footage or advised us of their intention to do so), and cost cutting resulting from the pandemic, which could lead to continued lower office occupancy (as of December 31, 2023, 25.7% of our commercial and retail leases at our share, based on square footage, were scheduled to expire in 2024 or had month-to-month terms, and 6.8% were scheduled to expire in 2025), and new leasing has been slow to recover and will likely continue to lag due to delayed return-to-office plans and decision-making related to future office utilization. Furthermore, the decline in the attractiveness of office assets, particularly combined with a lack of transactional activity and the current challenging capital markets could delay our capital recycling plans and our plan to transition to a portfolio comprising a majority of multifamily assets. Finally, a key demand driver in National Landing is the presence of Amazon’s headquarters, Phase I of which was completed in 2023. Phase II has not yet commenced construction due to a pause announced by Amazon; if Amazon determines to further delay construction, reduce the size of Phase II, or otherwise shrink its footprint in National Landing, that could have a material adverse impact on our plans for National Landing.

Our portfolio of assets is geographically concentrated in Washington, D.C. metropolitan area submarkets, and particularly concentrated in National Landing, which makes us susceptible to adverse economic and other conditions such that an economic downturn affecting this area could have a material adverse effect on us.

We are particularly susceptible to adverse economic or other conditions in the Washington D.C. metropolitan market (such as periods of economic slowdown or recession, business layoffs or downsizing, industry slowdowns, actual or anticipated federal government shutdowns, uncertainties related to federal elections, relocations of businesses, increases in real estate and other taxes, actual or perceived increases in retail theft and other crime, imposed curfews or states of security, and the cost of complying with governmental regulations or increased regulation), as well as to natural disasters (including earthquakes, floods, storms and hurricanes), utility outages (including electricity and drinking water), potentially adverse effects of climate change and other disruptions that occur in this market (such as terrorist activity or threats of terrorist activity and other events), any of which may have a greater impact on the value of our assets or on our operating results than if we owned a more geographically diverse portfolio.

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Additionally, acts of violence, including terrorist attacks in the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area could directly or indirectly damage our assets, both physically and financially, or cause losses that materially exceed our insurance coverage. Properties that are occupied by federal government tenants may be more likely to be the target of a future attack. Moreover, the same risks that apply to the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area as a whole also apply to the individual submarkets where our assets are located. National Landing makes up more than half of our portfolio based on square footage at our share. Portions of our markets, including National Landing, have underperformed other markets in the region with respect to rent growth and occupancy. Any adverse economic or other conditions in the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area and our submarkets, especially National Landing, or any decrease in demand for multifamily, office or retail assets could have a material adverse effect on us.

Our assets and the property development market in the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area are dependent on an economy that is heavily reliant on federal government spending and use of office assets, and any actual or anticipated curtailment of such spending could have a material adverse effect on us.

Any curtailment of federal government spending, whether due to a change of presidential administration or control of Congress, federal government sequestrations, furloughs or shutdowns, a slowdown of the U.S. and/or global economy, any change in federal government agencies work-from-home policies or uses of office space or other factors, could have an adverse impact on real estate values and property development in the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area, on demand and willingness to enter into long-term contracts for office space by the federal government and companies dependent upon the federal government, as well as on occupancy rates and annualized rents of multifamily and retail assets by occupants or patrons whose employment is by or related to the federal government. For instance, certain of our GSA tenants reduced their leased square footage. Any such curtailments in federal spending or changes in federal leasing policy could occur in the future, which could have a material adverse effect on us.

We have significant exposure to Amazon and the National Landing submarket.

The impact of Amazon's headquarters in National Landing is difficult to forecast and quantify and may differ from what we, financial or industry analysts or investors anticipate and have anticipated since Amazon’s November 2018 announcement that it had selected sites in National Landing as the location of its new headquarters. We have significant exposure to Amazon, both as a result of their status as a tenant and as a result of fees we expect to continue to receive from them as developer, property manager, and retail leasing agent for the company’s new headquarters at National Landing. As of December 31, 2023, we have leases with Amazon across five office buildings in National Landing totaling approximately 927,000 square feet with annualized rent totaling $41.6 million, of which 191,000 square feet are month-to-month and 378,000 square feet expire in 2024. Of the month-to-month leases and leases expiring in 2024, 444,000 square feet represent the entirety of 1800 South Bell Street and 2100 Crystal Drive. 1800 South Bell Street was taken out of service in the first quarter of 2024, and we plan to take 2100 Crystal Drive out of service when Amazon vacates in the second quarter of 2024. If Amazon invests less than the announced amounts in National Landing or makes such investment over a longer period than anticipated, if its business prospects decline, if it reduces the size of its workforce in National Landing below initially anticipated levels or further delays hiring or if it leases, releases or develops less square footage than anticipated, our ability to achieve the benefits associated with Amazon's headquarters location in National Landing could be adversely affected. If we, Virginia Tech, Amazon, federal, state and local governments do not make the anticipated investments, including infrastructure investments, that would directly benefit National Landing, we could be adversely affected. Furthermore, Amazon's headquarters may not have the anticipated collateral financial effect on the National Landing submarket. If we do not achieve the perceived benefits of such location as rapidly or to the extent anticipated by us, financial or industry analysts or investors, we and potentially the market price of our common shares could be adversely affected. If we are unable to re-lease that space at attractive rents, it could have a material adverse effect on us and the market price of our common shares. Additionally, if the Virginia Tech Innovation Campus reduces its contemplated size, further delays its opening, or does not have the anticipated collateral financial effect, or if any of our other key demand drivers in National Landing fail to materialize, it could have a material adverse effect on us.

We derive a significant portion of our revenue from U.S. federal government tenants, and we may face additional risks and costs associated with directly managing assets occupied by government tenants.

For the year ended December 31, 2023, 23.0% of the rental revenue from our commercial segment was generated by rentals to federal government tenants, and federal government tenants historically have been a significant source of new leasing for us. For the year ended December 31, 2023, GSA was our largest single tenant, with 37 leases comprising 22.7%

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of total annualized rent at our share. The occurrence of events that have a negative impact on the demand for federal government office space, such as a decrease in federal government payrolls or a change in policy that prevents governmental tenants from renting our office space, would have a much larger adverse effect on our revenue than a corresponding occurrence affecting other categories of tenants. Additionally, a federal government shutdown could delay or prevent us from collecting rent payments from our federal government tenants. If demand for federal government office space were to decline, it would be more difficult for us to lease our buildings and could reduce overall market demand and corresponding rental rates, all of which could have a material adverse effect on us. For example, we have been notified by various GSA tenants that they are vacating their space totaling approximately 293,000 square feet in 2024. Lease agreements with these federal government agencies contain provisions required by federal law, which require, among other things, that the lessor of the property agree to comply with certain rules and regulations, including rules and regulations related to audits and records and subcontractor cost or pricing data. In addition, there are additional requirements relating to the potential application of equal opportunity provisions and related requirements to prepare written affirmative action plans applicable to government contractors and subcontractors. Some of the factors used to determine whether these requirements apply to a company that is affiliated with the actual government contractor (the legal entity that is the lessor under a lease with a federal government agency) include whether such company and the government contractor are under common ownership, have common management, and are under common control. We own the entity that is the government contractor and the property manager, increasing the risk that requirements of the Employment Standards Administration's Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs and requirements to prepare affirmative action plans pursuant to the applicable executive order may be determined to be applicable to us. Compliance with these regulations is costly and any increase in regulation could increase our costs, which could have a material adverse effect on us.

We are exposed to risks associated with real estate development and redevelopment, such as unanticipated expenses, delays and other contingencies, any of which could have a material adverse effect on us.

Real estate development and redevelopment activities are a critical element of our business strategy, and we expect to engage in such activities with respect to several of our properties and with properties that we may acquire in the future. To the extent that we do so, we will continue to be subject to risks, including, without limitation:

construction or redevelopment costs of a project may exceed original estimates, possibly making the project less profitable than originally estimated, or unprofitable;
inflation could increase the costs of construction and development projects, which could decrease the yield on such projects, delaying their commencement or resulting in fewer such pursuits. In 2023, these conditions made new development starts infeasible;
time required to complete the construction or redevelopment of a project or to lease-up the completed project may be greater than originally anticipated, thereby adversely affecting our cash flow and liquidity;
contractor, subcontractor and supplier disputes, strikes, labor disputes or shortages, weather conditions or supply disruptions (including those related to the supply chain);
failure to achieve expected occupancy and/or rent levels within the projected time frame, if at all;
delays with respect to obtaining, or the inability to obtain, necessary zoning, occupancy, land use and other governmental permits, and changes in zoning and land use laws;
occupancy rates and rents of a completed project may not be sufficient to make the project profitable;
incurrence of design, permitting and other development costs for opportunities that we ultimately abandon;
the ability of prospective real estate venture partners or buyers of our properties to obtain financing; and
the availability and pricing of financing to fund our development activities on favorable terms or at all.

These risks could result in substantial unanticipated delays or expenses and, under certain circumstances, could prevent the initiation or the completion of development or redevelopment activities, any of which could have a material adverse effect on us.

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Partnership or real estate venture investments could be adversely affected by our lack of sole decision-making authority, our reliance on partners' or co-venturers' financial condition and disputes between us and our partners or co-venturers, which could have a material adverse effect on us.

As of December 31, 2023, 7.2% of our assets measured by total square feet at our share was held through real estate ventures, and we expect to co-invest in the future with other third parties through partnerships, real estate ventures or other entities, acquiring noncontrolling interests in or sharing responsibility for managing the affairs of a property, partnership, real estate venture or other entity. In particular, we may use real estate ventures as a significant source of equity capital to fund our development strategy. Consequently, with respect to any such third-party arrangement, we would not be in a position to exercise sole decision-making authority regarding the property, partnership, real estate venture or other entity, or structure of ownership and may, under certain circumstances, be exposed to risks not present were a third party not involved, including the possibility that partners or co-venturers might become bankrupt or fail to fund their share of required capital contributions, and we may be forced to make contributions to maintain the value of the property. Partners or co-venturers may have economic or other business interests or goals that are inconsistent or in direct conflict with our business interests or goals and may be in a position to take action or withhold consent contrary to our policies or objectives. These investments may also have the potential risk of impasses on decisions, such as a sale, because neither we nor the partner or co-venturer would have full control over the partnership or real estate venture. We and our respective partners or co-venturers may each have the right to trigger a buy-sell right or forced sale arrangement, which could cause us to sell our interest, or acquire our partners' or co-venturers' interest, or to sell the underlying asset, either on unfavorable terms or at a time when we otherwise would not have initiated such a transaction. In addition, a sale or transfer by us to a third party of our interests in the partnership or real estate venture may be subject to consent rights or rights of first refusal in favor of our partners or co-venturers, which would in each case restrict our ability to dispose of our interest in the partnership or real estate venture. Where we are a limited partner or non-managing member in any partnership or limited liability company, if the entity takes or expects to take actions that could jeopardize our status as a REIT or require us to pay tax, we may be forced to dispose of our interest in that entity, including by contributing our interest to a subsidiary of ours that is subject to corporate level income tax. Disputes between us and partners or co-venturers may result in litigation or arbitration that would increase our expenses and prevent our officers and/or trustees from focusing their time and effort on our business. In addition, we may in certain circumstances be liable for the actions of our third-party partners or co-venturers. Our real estate ventures may be subject to debt, and the refinancing of such debt may require equity capital calls. Furthermore, any cash distributions from real estate ventures will be subject to the operating agreements of the real estate ventures, which may limit distributions, the timing of distributions or specify certain preferential distributions among the respective parties. The occurrence of any of the risks described above could have a material adverse effect on us.

We depend on major tenants in our commercial portfolio, and the bankruptcy, insolvency or inability to pay rent of any of these tenants could have a material adverse effect on us.

As of December 31, 2023, the 20 largest office and retail tenants in our Operating Portfolio represented 61.7% of our share of total annualized office and retail rent. In many cases, through tenant improvement allowances and other concessions, we have made substantial upfront investments in leases with our major tenants that we may not recover if they fail to pay rent through the end of the lease term. The inability or failure of a major tenant to pay rent, or the bankruptcy or insolvency of a major tenant, may adversely affect the income produced by our Operating Portfolio. Additionally, we may experience delays in enforcing our rights as landlord due to federal, state and local laws and regulations and may incur substantial costs in protecting our investment. Any such event could have a material adverse effect on us.

We derive a significant portion of our revenue from five of our assets.

As of December 31, 2023, five of our assets in the aggregate generated 26.1% of our share of annualized rent. The occurrence of events that have a negative impact on one or more of these assets, such as a natural disaster that damages one or more of these assets, would have a much larger adverse effect on our revenue than a corresponding occurrence affecting a less significant property. A substantial decline in the revenue generated by one or more of these assets could have a material adverse effect on us.

Our Placemaking depends in significant part on a retail component, which frequently involves retail assets embedded in or adjacent to our multifamily assets and/or commercial assets, making us subject to risks that affect the retail environment generally, such as competition from discount and online retailers, weakness in the economy, fluctuations in foot traffic, pandemics, a decline in consumer spending and the financial condition of major retail tenants, any of

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which could adversely affect market rents for retail space and the willingness or ability of retailers to lease space in our retail assets.

If our retail assets lose tenants, whether to the proliferation of online businesses and discount retailers, a decline in general economic conditions and consumer spending or otherwise, it could have a material adverse effect on us. If we fail to reinvest in and redevelop our assets to maintain their attractiveness to retailers and shoppers, then retailers or shoppers may perceive that shopping at other venues or online is more convenient, cost-effective or otherwise more attractive, which could negatively affect our ability to rent retail space at our assets. In addition, some of our assets depend on anchor or major retail tenants and/or occupancy in surrounding offices to attract shoppers and could be adversely affected by the loss of, or a store closure by, one or more of these tenants or changes to in-office policies of surrounding businesses. Any of the foregoing factors could adversely affect the financial condition of our retail tenants, the willingness of retailers to lease space from us, and the success of our Placemaking, which could have a material adverse effect on us.

The loss of one or more members of our senior management team could adversely affect our ability to manage our business and to implement our growth strategies or could create a negative perception in the capital markets.

Our success and our ability to implement and manage anticipated future growth depend, in large part, upon the efforts of our senior management team. Members of our senior management team have national or regional industry reputations that attract business and investment opportunities and assist us in negotiations with lenders, existing and potential tenants and other industry participants. The loss of services of one or more members of our senior management team, or our inability to attract and retain similarly qualified personnel, could adversely affect our business, diminish our investment opportunities and weaken our relationships with lenders, business partners, existing and prospective tenants and industry participants, which could have a material adverse effect on us.

The actual density of our development pipeline and/or any development parcel may not be consistent with our estimated potential development density.

As of December 31, 2023, we estimate that our 17 assets in the development pipeline will total 10.8 million square feet (8.8 million square feet at our share) of estimated potential development density. The potential development density estimates for our development pipeline and/or any particular development parcel are based solely on our estimates, using data available to us, and our business plans as of December 31, 2023. The actual density of our development pipeline and/or any development parcel may differ substantially from our estimates based on numerous factors, including our inability to obtain necessary zoning, land use and other required entitlements, legal challenges to our plans by activists and others, as well as building, occupancy and other required governmental permits and authorizations, and changes in the entitlement, permitting and authorization processes that restrict or delay our ability to develop, redevelop or use our development pipeline at anticipated density levels. We can provide no assurance that the actual density of our development pipeline and/or any development parcel will be consistent with our estimated potential development density.

The occurrence of cyber incidents, or a deficiency in our cybersecurity, or the cybersecurity of our service providers, could negatively impact our business by causing a disruption to our operations, a compromise or corruption of our confidential information, regulatory enforcement and other legal proceedings, and/or damage to our business relationships, all of which could negatively impact our financial results.

A cyber incident is any intentional or unintentional adverse event that threatens the confidentiality, integrity, or availability of our information resources and can include unauthorized persons gaining access to systems to disrupt operations, corrupting data or stealing confidential information. The risk of a cyber incident or disruption, including by computer hackers, foreign governments and cyber terrorists, has generally increased as the number, intensity and sophistication of attempted attacks have increased globally. As our reliance on technology increases, so do the risks posed to our systems – both internal and external. Our primary risks that could directly result from the occurrence of a cyber incident are theft of assets; operational interruption; reputational damage; stolen funds; regulatory enforcement, lawsuits and other legal proceedings; damage to our relationships with our tenants; and private data exposure. A significant and extended disruption could damage our business or reputation, cause a loss of revenue, have an adverse effect on tenant relations, cause an unintended or unauthorized public disclosure, or lead to the misappropriation of proprietary, personally identifying, and confidential information, any of which could result in us incurring significant expenses to resolve these kinds of issues. Although we have implemented processes, procedures and controls to help mitigate the risks associated with a cyber incident, there can be no assurance that these measures will be sufficient for all possible situations. Even security measures

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that are appropriate, reasonable and/or in accordance with applicable legal requirements may not be sufficient to protect the information we maintain. Unauthorized parties, whether within or outside our company, may disrupt or gain access to our systems, or those of third parties with whom we do business, through human error, misfeasance, fraud, trickery, or other forms of deceit, including break-ins, use of stolen credentials, social engineering, phishing, computer viruses or other malicious codes, and similar means of unauthorized and destructive tampering. A successful attack on one of our service providers could result in a compromise of our own network, theft of our data, legal obligations or liabilities, deployment of ransomware or a disruption in our supply chain or of services upon which we rely. Even the most well protected information, networks, systems and facilities remain potentially vulnerable because the techniques used in such attempted cyber incidents evolve and generally are not recognized until they have been launched against a number of targets. Accordingly, we may be unable to anticipate these techniques or to implement adequate security barriers or other preventative measures, making it impossible for us to entirely mitigate this risk. If any of the foregoing risks materialize, it could have a material adverse effect on us.

Pandemics and other health concerns, including COVID-19, could have a negative effect on our business, results of operations, cash flows and financial condition.

Pandemics, including COVID-19, as well as both future widespread and localized outbreaks of infectious diseases and other health concerns, and the measures taken to prevent the spread or lessen the impact, could cause a material disruption to multifamily and office industry or the economy as a whole. The impacts of such events could be severe and far-reaching, and may impact our operations in several ways. Additionally, pandemic outbreaks could lead governments and other authorities around the world, including federal, state and local authorities in the United States, to impose new or heightened measures intended to mitigate its spread, including restrictions on freedom of movement and business operations such as issuing guidelines, travel bans, border closings, business closures, quarantine orders, and orders not allowing the collection of rents, rent increases, or eviction of non-paying tenants. In the event of a decline in business activity and demand for real estate transactions, our ability or desire to grow or diversify our portfolio could be affected. Additionally, local and national authorities could extend or re-implement certain measures imposing restrictions on our ability to enforce contractual rental obligations upon our residents and tenants. Unanticipated costs and operating expenses coupled with decreased anticipated and actual revenue as a result of compliance with regulations, could negatively impact our business, results of operations, cash flow, and overall financial condition and/or our ability to satisfy certain REIT-related requirements.

The full extent of the impact of a pandemic on our business is largely uncertain and dependent on a number of factors beyond our control, and we are not able to estimate with any degree of certainty the effect a pandemic, or measures intended to curb its spread, could have on our business, results of operations, financial condition and cash flows. Moreover, many of the other risk factors described herein could be more likely to impact us as a result of a pandemic or measures intended to curb its spread.

Increased focus on our ESG business values may constrain our business operations, impose additional costs and expose us to new risks that could have a material adverse effect on us.

Our business values integrate environmental sustainability, social responsibility, D&I and strong governance practices throughout our organization—these types of ESG matters have become increasingly important to investors and other stakeholders. Some investors may use these factors to determine their investment strategies, while current and potential employees and business partners may consider these factors when considering relationships with us. Certain organizations that provide corporate risk and corporate governance advisory services to investors have developed scores and ratings to evaluate companies based upon ESG metrics, and investors may consider a company's score as a factor in making an investment decision. There can be no assurance that our focus on our ESG business values will be well regarded by investors, particularly since the criteria by which companies are rated for their ESG efforts may change. Additionally, focus and activism related to ESG matters may constrain our business operations or increase expenses, and we may face reputational damage if our corporate responsibility initiatives do not meet the standards set by various constituencies, including those of third-party providers of corporate responsibility ratings and reports. A low ESG score could result in a negative perception of us, exclusion of our securities from consideration by certain investors and/or cause investors to reallocate their capital away from us, each of which could have an adverse impact on the price of our securities.

As we continue to integrate environmental sustainability, social responsibility, D&I and strong governance practices throughout our organization, we could also be criticized by ESG detractors for the scope or nature of our ESG initiatives

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or goals. We could also encounter negative reactions from governmental actors (such as anti-ESG legislation or retaliatory legislative treatment), tenants and residents, that that could have a material adverse effect on us.

We face risks related to the real estate industry.

As a REIT we are subject to significant risks related to the real estate industry, any of which could have a material adverse effect on us. These include, among other things:

The value of real estate fluctuates depending on conditions in the general economy and the real estate business. Additionally, adverse changes in these conditions may result in a decline in rental revenue, sales proceeds and occupancy levels at our assets and adversely impact our revenue and cash flows. If rental revenue, sales proceeds and/or occupancy levels decline, we generally would expect to have less cash available to pay indebtedness and for distribution to shareholders. In addition, some of our major expenses, including mortgage loan payments, real estate taxes and maintenance costs generally do not decline when the related rents decline.
The cost and availability of credit may be adversely affected by illiquid credit markets and wider credit spreads, and our inability or the inability of our tenants to timely refinance maturing liabilities to meet liquidity needs may materially affect our financial condition and results of operations. Additionally, mortgage loan obligations expose us to risk of foreclosure and the loss of properties subject to such obligations.
It may be difficult to buy and sell real estate quickly, or we or potential buyers of our assets may experience difficulty in obtaining financing, which may limit our ability to vary our portfolio promptly in response to changes in economic or other conditions. Additionally, we may be unable to identify, negotiate, finance or consummate acquisitions of properties, or acquire properties on favorable terms, or at all.
The composition of our portfolio by asset type is likely to continue to change over time, which could expose us to different asset class risks than if our portfolio composition remained static, and we may be adversely affected by trends in the asset classes we currently own.
We may not be able to control the operating expenses associated with our properties, which include real estate taxes, insurance, loan payments, maintenance, and costs of compliance with governmental regulation, or our operating expenses may remain constant or increase, even if our revenue does not increase, which could have a material adverse effect on us.
Macroeconomic trends, including increases in inflation and interest rates, could have a material adverse effect on us, as well as our tenants, which may adversely impact our business, financial condition and results of operations.
We may be unable to renew leases, lease vacant space or re-let space as leases expire, or do so on favorable terms, which could have a material adverse effect on us. As of December 31, 2023, leases representing 25.7% of our share of the office and retail square footage in our Operating Portfolio were scheduled to expire in 2024 or have month-to-month terms, 6.8% were scheduled to expire in 2025, and 14.4% of our share of the square footage of the assets in our commercial portfolio was unoccupied and not generating rent. We may find it necessary to make rent or other concessions and/or significant capital expenditures to improve our assets to retain and attract tenants.
We may be unable to maintain or increase our occupancy and revenue at certain multifamily, commercial and other assets due to an increase in supply, more favorable terms offered by competitors, and/or deterioration in our markets.
Increased affordability of residential homes and other competition for tenants of our multifamily properties could affect our ability to retain current residents of our multifamily properties, attract new ones or increase or maintain rents, which could adversely affect our results of operations and our financial condition.
We may from time to time be subject to litigation, which may significantly divert the attention of our officers and/or trustees and result in defense costs, settlements, fines or judgments against us, some of which are not, or cannot be, covered by insurance, any of which could have a material adverse effect on us. For example, we are currently a defendant in an antitrust lawsuit, brought by the Washington, D.C. Attorney General, involving RealPage, which is one of our vendors, alleging that RealPage and lessors of multifamily residential real estate conspired, principally in connection with the alleged use of RealPage revenue management systems, to artificially inflate the rental rates for multifamily residential real estate above competitive levels.
We own leasehold interests in certain land on which some of our assets are located. If we default under the terms

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of any of these ground leases, we may be liable for damages and could lose our leasehold interest in the property or our option to purchase the underlying fee interest in such asset. In addition, unless we purchase the underlying fee interests in the land on which a particular property is located, we will lose our right to operate the property or we will continue to operate it at much lower profitability, which would significantly adversely affect our results of operations. In addition, if we are perceived to have breached the terms of a ground lease, the fee owner may initiate proceedings to terminate the lease.
Our assets may be subject to impairment losses, which could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations.
Climate change, including rising sea levels, flooding, prolonged periods of extreme temperature or other extreme weather, and changes in precipitation and temperature, may result in physical damage to, or a total loss of, our assets located in areas affected by these conditions, including those in low-lying areas close to sea level, such as National Landing, and/or decreases in demand, rent from, or the value of those assets. In addition, we may incur material costs to protect these assets, including increases in our insurance premiums as a result of the threat of climate change, or the effects of climate change may not be covered by our insurance policies. Furthermore, changes in federal and state legislation and regulations on climate change could result in increased utility expenses and/or increased capital expenditures to improve the energy efficiency and reduce carbon emissions of our properties in order to comply with such regulations or result in fines for non-compliance. Any of the foregoing could have a material and adverse effect on us.

We may incur significant costs to comply with environmental laws, and environmental contamination may impair our ability to lease and/or sell real estate.

Our operations and assets are subject to various federal, state and local laws and regulations concerning the protection of the environment including air and water quality, hazardous or toxic substances and health and safety. Under some environmental laws, a current or previous owner or operator of real estate may be required to investigate and clean up hazardous or toxic substances released at a property. The owner or operator may also be held liable to a governmental entity or to third parties for property damage or personal injuries and for investigation and clean-up costs incurred by those parties because of the contamination. These laws often impose liability without regard to whether the owner or operator knew of the release of the substances or caused such release. The presence of contamination or the failure to remediate contamination may (i) expose us to third-party liability (e.g., for cleanup costs, natural resource damages, bodily injury or property damage), (ii) subject our properties to liens in favor of the government for damages and costs the government incurs in connection with the contamination, (iii) result in restrictions on the manner in which a property may be used or businesses may be operated, or (iv) impair our ability to sell or lease real estate or to borrow using the real estate as collateral. To the extent we send contaminated materials to other locations for treatment or disposal, we may be liable for cleanup of those sites if they become contaminated. Other laws and regulations govern indoor and outdoor air quality including those that can require the abatement or removal of asbestos-containing materials in the event of damage, demolition, renovation or remodeling, and also govern emissions of and exposure to asbestos fibers in the air. The maintenance and removal of lead paint and certain electrical equipment containing polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are also regulated by federal and state laws. We are also subject to risks associated with human exposure to chemical or biological contaminants such as molds, pollens, viruses and bacteria which, above certain levels, can be alleged to be connected to allergic or other health effects and symptoms in susceptible individuals. Our predecessor companies may be subject to similar liabilities for activities of those companies in the past. We could incur fines for environmental noncompliance and be held liable for the costs of remedial action with respect to the foregoing regulated substances or related claims arising out of environmental contamination or human exposure at or from our assets. Most of our assets have been subjected to varying degrees of environmental assessment at various times. To date, these environmental assessments have not revealed any environmental condition material to our business. However, identification of new compliance concerns or undiscovered areas of contamination, changes in the extent or known scope of contamination, human exposure to contamination or changes in cleanup or compliance requirements could result in significant costs to us. In addition, we may become subject to costs or taxes, or increases therein, associated with natural resource or energy usage (such as a "carbon tax"). These costs or taxes could increase our operating costs and decrease the cash available to pay our obligations or distribute to equity holders.

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Increasingly competitive labor markets and our need to provide additional incentives to remain competitive in our hiring and retention efforts may hurt our ability to effectively operate our business and have a negative effect on our business, results of operations, cash flows, and financial condition.

Our success depends on our ability to continue to attract, retain and motivate qualified personnel, but we may not be able to do so on acceptable terms or at all. Recently, the U.S. job market has experienced labor shortages, resulting in intense competition for retaining and hiring skilled employees. Additionally, the competitive labor conditions have significantly increased compensation expectations for our existing and prospective personnel. If we are unable to hire and retain qualified personnel as required for our operations, our business, results of operations, cash flows and financial condition could be adversely affected.

Risks Related to the Capital Markets and Related Activities

We face risks related to our common shares.

These risks include, among other things, the risk that an economic downturn or a deterioration in the capital markets may materially affect the value of our equity securities; the absence of any guarantee or certainty regarding the timing, amount, or payment of future dividends on our common shares; the risk of dilution of ownership in our company due to certain actions taken by us; the risk that future offerings of debt or preferred equity securities, which would be senior to our common shares upon liquidation, and in the case of preferred equity securities may be senior to our common shares for purposes of dividend distributions or upon liquidation, may adversely affect the per share trading price of our common shares; and the risk that the announcement of a material acquisition may result in a rapid and significant decline in the price of our common shares. If any of the foregoing risks materialize, it could have a material adverse effect on us.

We have a substantial amount of indebtedness, and our debt agreements include restrictive covenants and other requirements, which may limit our financial and operating activities, our future acquisition and development activities, or otherwise affect our financial condition.

As of December 31, 2023, we had $2.6 billion aggregate principal amount of consolidated debt outstanding, and our unconsolidated real estate ventures had $235.0 million aggregate principal amount of debt outstanding ($68.0 million at our share), resulting in a total of $2.6 billion aggregate principal amount of debt outstanding at our share. A portion of our outstanding debt is guaranteed by JBG SMITH LP. Our cash flow from operations may be insufficient to meet our required debt service and payments of principal and interest on borrowings may leave us with insufficient cash resources to operate our assets or to pay the dividends currently contemplated. Additionally, our debt agreements include customary restrictive covenants, that, among other things, restrict our ability to incur additional indebtedness, to engage in material asset sales, mergers, consolidations and acquisitions, and to make capital expenditures, and some of our debt agreements also include requirements to maintain financial ratios. Our ability to borrow is subject to compliance with these and other covenants, and failure to comply with our covenants could cause a default under the applicable debt instrument, and we may then be required to repay such debt with capital from other sources or give possession of a property to the lender. Any of the foregoing could affect our ability to obtain additional funds as needed, or on favorable terms, which could, among other things, adversely affect our ability to meet operational needs or to finance our future acquisition and development activities.

We may not be able to obtain capital to make investments.

We are primarily dependent on external capital to fund the expected growth of our business. Our access to debt or equity capital depends on the willingness of third parties to lend or make equity investments and on conditions in the capital markets generally. There can be no assurance that new capital will be available or available on acceptable terms.

Our future development plans are capital intensive. To complete these plans, we anticipate funding construction and development through asset sales, real estate ventures with third parties, recapitalizations of assets, and public or private securities offerings, or a combination thereof. Similarly, these plans require a significant amount of debt financing which subjects us to additional risks, such as rising interest rates. For information about our available sources of funds, see "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations-Liquidity and Capital Resources" and the notes to the consolidated financial statements included herein.

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We are subject to interest rate risk, which could increase our interest expense, increase the cost to refinance and increase the cost of issuing new debt.

As of December 31, 2023, $670.6 million of our outstanding consolidated debt was subject to instruments that bear interest at variable rates, and we may continue to incur indebtedness that bears interest at variable interest rates. While some of this debt is protected against interest rate increases above specified rates via interest rate cap agreements, the remainder does not benefit from such arrangements. Further, we may borrow money at variable interest rates in the future without the benefit of associated hedges and caps. With respect to these unhedged amounts, increases in interest rates would increase our interest expense under these instruments, increase the cost of refinancing these instruments or issuing new debt, and adversely affect our cash flow and our ability to service our indebtedness and make distributions to our shareholders, which could, in turn, adversely affect the market price of our common shares. We may enter into hedging transactions to protect ourselves from the effects of interest rate fluctuations on floating rate debt. As of December 31, 2023, our hedging transactions included interest rate cap agreements, which covered $466.1 million of our outstanding consolidated debt, a significant portion of which is with one counterparty, which also exposes us to counterparty risk. Interest rate hedging can be expensive, particularly during periods of rising and volatile interest rates, which could reduce the overall returns on our investments. Moreover, there can be no assurance that our hedging arrangements will qualify as highly effective hedges under applicable accounting standards. Furthermore, should we desire to terminate a hedging agreement, there could be significant costs and cash requirements. Additionally, we are required to maintain interest rate cap agreements under certain of our variable rate debt agreements. Renewing, extending or entering into new interest rate cap agreements in a rising and volatile interest rate environment may cause us to incur significant upfront costs. Finally, the REIT provisions of the Code impose certain restrictions on our ability to use hedges, swaps and other types of derivatives to hedge our liabilities. Any of the foregoing could increase our interest expense, increase the cost to refinance and increase the cost of issuing new debt.

Risks and Conflicts of Interest Related to Our Organization and Structure

Tax consequences to holders of OP Units upon a sale of certain of our assets may cause the interests of our senior management to differ from your own.

Some holders of OP Units, including some members of our senior management, may suffer different and more adverse tax consequences than holders of our common shares upon the sale of certain of the assets owned by JBG SMITH LP, and therefore these holders may have different objectives regarding the material terms of any sale or refinancing of certain assets, or whether to sell such assets at all.

Certain of our trustees and executive officers may have actual or potential conflicts of interest, including because of their previous or continuing equity interest in, or positions at JBG, including trustees and members of our senior management, who have an ownership interest in the JBG Legacy Funds and own carried interests in certain JBG Legacy Funds and in certain of our real estate ventures that entitle them to receive additional compensation if certain funds or real estate ventures achieve certain return thresholds.

Some of our trustees and executive officers are persons who were employees of JBG, and they own equity interests in certain JBG Legacy Funds and related entities. Ownership of interests in the JBG Legacy Funds and current or past service as a managing member, at JBG, could create, or appear to create, potential conflicts of interest. Certain of the JBG Legacy Funds own the JBG Excluded Assets, which JBG Legacy Funds are owned in part by members of our senior management and certain trustees. In addition, although the asset management and property management fees associated with the JBG Excluded Assets were assigned to us upon completion of the Formation Transaction, the general partner and managing member interests in the JBG Legacy Funds held by former JBG executives (who became members of our management team) and certain trustees were not transferred to us and remain under the control of these individuals. Our management's time and efforts may be diverted from the management of our assets to management of the JBG Legacy Funds, which could adversely affect the execution of our business plan and our results of operations and cash flow.

Members of our senior management and certain trustees have an ownership interest in the JBG Legacy Funds and own carried interests in each fund and in certain of our real estate ventures that entitle them to receive additional compensation if the fund or real estate venture achieves certain return thresholds. Additionally, in the future, we may elect to assign to certain employees a percentage of third-party fees, carried interests or other equity interests in certain assets, joint ventures or other real estate ventures. As a result, such employees could be incentivized to spend time and effort maximizing the

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cash flow from the assets being retained by the JBG Legacy Funds or other relevant real estate ventures in which they have an ownership or other interest, including through sales of assets, which may, for example, accelerate payments of the carried interest but would reduce the asset management and other fees that would otherwise be payable to us with respect to the JBG Excluded Assets. These actions could adversely impact our results of operations and cash flow. Other potential conflicts of interest may arise with the JBG Legacy Funds or other relevant real estate ventures if we engage in direct transactions or compete for tenants. For example, we have entered, and in the future may enter into transactions with the JBG Legacy Funds, such as purchasing assets from them. Any such transaction creates a conflict of interest as a result of our management team's interests on both sides of the transaction, because we manage the JBG Legacy Funds and because members of our management and Board of Trustees own interests in the general partner or other managing entities of the funds. Any of the above-described conflicts of interest could have a material adverse effect on us.

We may acquire properties or portfolios of properties through tax deferred contribution transactions, which could result in shareholder dilution and limit our ability to sell or refinance such assets.

In the future, we may acquire properties or portfolios of properties through tax deferred contribution transactions in exchange for partnership interests in JBG SMITH LP, which may result in shareholder dilution through the issuance of OP Units that may be exchanged for common shares. This acquisition structure may have the effect of, among other things, reducing the amount of tax depreciation we could deduct (as compared to a transaction where we do not inherit the contributor's tax basis but acquire tax basis equal to the value of the consideration exchanged for the property) until the OP Units issued in such transactions are redeemed for cash or converted into common shares. While no such protection arrangements existed as of December 31, 2023, in the future we may agree to protect the contributors' ability to defer recognition of taxable gain through restrictions on our ability to dispose of, or refinance the debt on, the acquired properties for specified periods of time. Similarly, we may be required to incur or maintain debt we would otherwise not incur or maintain so that we can allocate the debt to the contributors to maintain their tax bases. These restrictions could limit our ability to sell an asset at a time, or on terms that would be favorable absent such restrictions.

Our declaration of trust and bylaws, the partnership agreement of JBG SMITH LP and MGCL, and the Code contain provisions that may delay, defer or prevent a change of control transaction that might involve a premium price for our common shares or that our shareholders otherwise believe to be in their best interest.

Our declaration of trust contains ownership limits with respect to our shares. Generally, to maintain our qualification as a REIT under the Code, not more than 50% in value of our outstanding shares of beneficial interest may be owned, directly or indirectly, by five or fewer "individuals" (including some types of entities) at any time during the last half of our taxable year. To address this requirement and other tax considerations, our declaration of trust prohibits, among other things, the actual, beneficial or constructive ownership by any person of more than 7.5% in value or number of shares, whichever is more restrictive, of the outstanding shares of any class or series, including our common shares. For these purposes, our declaration of trust includes a "group" as that term is used for purposes of Section 13(d)(3) of the Exchange Act in the definition of "person." Our Board of Trustees may exempt a person, prospectively or retroactively, from these ownership limits if certain conditions are satisfied, but is not required to grant any exemption. Our Board of Trustees may determine not to grant an exemption even if no adverse tax or REIT qualification consequences would be caused by ownership in excess of the 7.5% ownership limit.

This ownership limit and the other restrictions on ownership and transfer of our shares contained in our declaration of trust may: (i) discourage a tender offer or other transactions or a change in management or of control that might involve a premium price for our common shares or that our shareholders might otherwise believe to be in their best interest; or (ii) result in the transfer of shares acquired in excess of the restrictions to a trust for the benefit of a charitable beneficiary and, as a result, the forfeiture by the acquirer of the benefits of owning the additional shares.

Additionally, our declaration of trust authorizes the Board of Trustees, without shareholder approval, to establish a class or series of common or preferred shares whose terms could delay, deter or prevent a change in control or other transaction that might involve a premium price or otherwise be in the best interest of our shareholders. Our declaration of trust and bylaws contain other provisions that may delay, deter or prevent a change of control or other transaction that might involve a premium price or otherwise be in the best interest of our shareholders.

Provisions of MGCL could inhibit changes in control, which may discourage third parties from conducting a tender offer or seeking other change of control transactions that might involve a premium price for our common shares or that our shareholders might otherwise believe to be in their best interest. Provisions of the MGCL, may have the effect of inhibiting

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a third party from making a proposal to acquire us or of impeding a change of control under circumstances that otherwise could provide the holders of common shares with the opportunity to realize a premium over the then-prevailing market price of such shares, including:

provisions that prohibit business combinations between us and an "interested shareholder," defined generally as any holder or affiliate of any holder who beneficially owns 10% or more of the voting power of our shares, for five years after the most recent date on which the shareholder becomes an interested shareholder, and thereafter impose fair price and/or supermajority shareholder voting requirements on these combinations; and
provisions that provide that a shareholder's "control shares" acquired in a "control share acquisition," as defined in the MGCL, have no voting rights, except to the extent approved by our shareholders by the affirmative vote of at least two-thirds of all the votes entitled to be cast on the matter, excluding all interested shares.

As permitted by the MGCL, we have elected in our bylaws to opt out of the business combination and control share provisions of the MGCL. However, we cannot assure you that our Board of Trustees will not opt to be subject to such provisions of the MGCL in the future, including opting to be subject to such provisions retroactively.

The limited partnership agreement of JBG SMITH LP requires the approval of the limited partners with respect to certain extraordinary transactions involving JBG SMITH, which may reduce the likelihood of such transactions being consummated, even if they are in the best interests of, and have been approved by, our shareholders.

The limited partnership agreement of JBG SMITH LP provides that we may not engage in a merger, consolidation or other combination with or into another person, a sale of all or substantially all of our assets, or a reclassification, recapitalization or a change in outstanding shares (except for changes in par value, or from par value to no par value, or as a result of a subdivision or combination of our common shares), which we refer to collectively as an extraordinary transaction, unless specified criteria are met. In particular, with respect to any extraordinary transaction, if partners will receive consideration for their limited partnership units and if we seek the approval of our shareholders for the transaction (or if we would have been required to obtain shareholder approval of any such extraordinary transaction but for the fact that a tender offer shall have been accepted with respect to a sufficient number of our common shares to permit consummation of such extraordinary transaction without shareholder approval), then the limited partnership agreement prohibits us from engaging in the extraordinary transaction unless we also obtain "partnership approval." To obtain "partnership approval," we must obtain the consent of our limited partners (including us and any limited partners majority owned, directly or indirectly, by us) representing a percentage interest in JBG SMITH LP that is equal to or greater than the percentage of our outstanding common shares required (or that would have been required in the absence of a tender offer) to approve the extraordinary transaction, provided that we and any limited partners majority owned, directly or indirectly, by us will be deemed to have provided consent for our partnership units solely in proportion to the percentage of our common shares approving the extraordinary transaction (or, if there is no shareholder vote with respect to such extraordinary transaction because a tender offer shall have been accepted with respect to a sufficient number of our common shares to permit consummation of the extraordinary transaction without shareholder approval, the percentage of our common shares with respect to which such tender offer shall have been accepted). The limited partners of JBG SMITH LP may have interests in an extraordinary transaction that differ from those of common shareholders, and there can be no assurance that, if we are required to seek "partnership approval" for such a transaction, we will be able to obtain it. As a result, if a sufficient number of limited partners oppose such an extraordinary transaction, the limited partnership agreement may prohibit us from consummating it, even if it is in the best interests of, and has been approved by, our shareholders.

Substantially all our assets are owned by subsidiaries. We depend on dividends and distributions from these subsidiaries. The creditors of these subsidiaries are entitled to amounts payable to them by the subsidiaries before the subsidiaries may pay any dividends or other distributions to us.

Substantially all of our assets are held through JBG SMITH LP, which holds substantially all of its assets through wholly owned subsidiaries. JBG SMITH LP's cash flow is dependent on cash distributions to it by its subsidiaries, and in turn, substantially all of our cash flow is dependent on cash distributions to us by JBG SMITH LP. The creditors of each of our subsidiaries are entitled to payment of that subsidiary's obligations to them when due and payable before distributions may be made by that subsidiary to its equity holders. In addition, the operating agreements governing some of our subsidiaries which are parties to real estate joint ventures may have restrictions on distributions which could limit the ability of those subsidiaries to make distributions to JBG SMITH LP. Thus, JBG SMITH LP's ability to make distributions to holders of its units, including us, depends on its subsidiaries' ability first to satisfy their obligations to their creditors, and then to

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make distributions to holders of its units. Likewise, our ability to pay dividends depends on JBG SMITH LP's ability first to satisfy its obligations, if any, to its creditors and make distributions payable to holders of preferred units (if any), and then to make distributions to us. In addition, our participation in any distribution of the assets of any of our subsidiaries upon the liquidation, reorganization or insolvency of the subsidiary, occurs only after the claims of the creditors, including trade creditors, and preferred security holders, if any, of the applicable direct or indirect subsidiaries are satisfied.

Our rights and the rights of our shareholders to take action against our trustees and officers are limited.

As permitted by MGCL, under our declaration of trust, trustees and officers shall not be liable to us and our shareholders for money damages, except for liability resulting from actual receipt of an improper benefit or profit in money, property or services; or a final judgment based upon a finding of active and deliberate dishonesty by the trustee or officer that was material to the cause of action adjudicated. In addition, our declaration of trust and indemnification agreements require us to indemnify our trustees and officers (in some cases, without requiring a preliminary determination of the trustee's or officer's ultimate entitlement to indemnification) for actions taken by them in those and certain other capacities to the maximum extent permitted by MGCL. The Maryland REIT law permits a REIT to indemnify and advance expenses to its trustees, officers, employees and agents to the same extent as permitted by the MGCL for directors and officers of a Maryland corporation. Generally, MGCL permits a Maryland corporation to indemnify its present and former directors and officers except in instances where the person seeking indemnification acted in bad faith or with active and deliberate dishonesty, actually received an improper personal benefit in money, property or services or, in the case of a criminal proceeding, had reasonable cause to believe that his or her actions were unlawful. Under MGCL, a Maryland corporation also may not indemnify a director or officer in a suit by or in the right of the corporation in which the director or officer was adjudged liable to the corporation or for a judgment of liability on the basis that a personal benefit was improperly received. A court may order indemnification if it determines that the director or officer is fairly and reasonably entitled to indemnification, even though the director or officer did not meet the prescribed standard of conduct; however, indemnification for an adverse judgment in a suit by us or in our right, or for a judgment of liability on the basis that personal benefit was improperly received, is limited to expenses. As a result, we and our shareholders may have more limited rights against our trustees and officers than might otherwise exist. Accordingly, if actions taken in good faith by any of our trustees or officers impede the performance of our company, our shareholder’s ability to recover damages from such trustee or officer will be limited.

Risks Related to Our Status as a REIT

We may fail to qualify or remain qualified as a REIT and may be required to pay income taxes at corporate rates.

Although we believe that we are organized and intend to operate to qualify as a REIT for federal income tax purposes, we may fail to remain so qualified. Qualification and taxation as a REIT are governed by highly technical and complex provisions of the Code for which there are only limited judicial or administrative interpretations and depend on various facts and circumstances that are not entirely within our control. If, with respect to any taxable year, we fail to maintain our qualification as a REIT and do not qualify under the relevant statutory relief provisions, we would have to pay federal income tax on our taxable income at regular corporate rates, could not deduct our distributions in determining our taxable income subject to tax, and would possibly also be subject to certain taxes enacted by the Inflation Reduction Act of 2022 that are applicable to non-REIT corporations, including the nondeductible 1% excise tax on certain stock repurchases. If we had to pay federal income tax, the amount of money available to distribute to shareholders and pay our indebtedness would be reduced for the year or years involved, and we would not be required to make distributions to shareholders in that taxable year and in future years until we again were able to qualify as a REIT. In addition, we would also be disqualified from treatment as a REIT for the four taxable years following the year during which qualification was lost, unless we were entitled to relief under the relevant statutory provisions.

REIT distribution requirements could adversely affect our liquidity and our ability to execute our business plan or require us to make distributions of our shares or other securities.

For us to qualify to be taxed as a REIT, we generally must distribute to our shareholders each year at least 90% of our REIT taxable income, determined without regard to the dividends paid deduction and excluding any net capital gains. We intend to distribute 100% of our REIT taxable income to our shareholders out of assets legally available therefor. From time to time, we may generate taxable income greater than our cash flow. If we do not have other funds available, we could be required to borrow funds on unfavorable terms, sell assets at disadvantageous prices, distribute amounts that

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would otherwise be invested in future acquisitions, capital expenditures or repayment of debt, or make taxable distributions of our shares to make distributions sufficient to enable us to pay out enough of our taxable income to satisfy the REIT distribution requirement and avoid corporate income tax and a 4% excise tax in a particular year. These alternatives could increase our costs or reduce our equity. Because amounts distributed will not be available to fund investment activities, compliance with the REIT requirements may hinder our ability to grow, which could adversely affect the value of our shares. Restrictions on our ability to incur additional indebtedness or make certain distributions could preclude us from meeting the 90% distribution requirement. Consequently, there can be no assurance that we will be able to make distributions at the anticipated distribution rate or any other rate.

The tax imposed on REITs engaging in "prohibited transactions" may limit our ability to engage in transactions that would be treated as sales for U.S. federal income tax purposes.

A REIT's net income from prohibited transactions is subject to a 100% penalty tax. In general, prohibited transactions are sales or other dispositions of property, other than foreclosure property, held primarily for sale to customers in the ordinary course of business. Although we and our subsidiary REITs believe that we have held, and intend to continue to hold, our properties for investment and do not intend to hold directly (rather than through taxable corporate subsidiaries) any properties that could be characterized as held for sale to customers in the ordinary course of our business, such characterization is a factual determination and no guarantee can be given that the IRS would agree with our characterization of our properties or that we will always be able to make use of the available statutory safe harbor. In the case of some of our properties held through partnerships with third parties, our ability to control the disposition of such properties in a manner that avoids the imposition of the prohibited transactions tax depends in part on the action of third parties over which we have no control or only limited influence.

To comply with the restrictions imposed on REITs, we may have to conduct certain activities and own certain assets through a TRS, which will be subject to normal corporate income tax, and we could be subject to a 100% penalty tax if our transactions with our TRSs are not conducted on arm's length terms.

A TRS is an entity taxed as a corporation in which a REIT directly or indirectly holds stock and which has elected with the REIT to be treated as a TRS of the REIT and which is taxable as a regular corporation, at regular corporate income tax rates. As a REIT, we cannot own certain assets or conduct certain activities directly, without risking failing the income or asset tests that apply to REITs. We can, however, hold these assets or undertake these activities through a TRS. For example, we generally cannot provide certain non-customary services to our tenants, and we cannot derive income from a third party that provides such services. If we forego providing such services to our tenants, we may be at a disadvantage to competitors who are not subject to the same restrictions. Accordingly, we provide such non-customary services to our tenants and share in the revenue from such services through our TRSs. As noted, the income earned through our TRSs will be subject to corporate income taxes. In addition, a 100% excise tax will be imposed on certain transactions between us and our TRSs that are not conducted on an arm's length basis.

Risks Related to the Formation Transaction

We could be required to indemnify Vornado for certain material tax obligations that could arise as addressed in the Tax Matters Agreement and certain obligations under the Separation and Distribution Agreement. Furthermore, Vornado agreed to indemnify us for certain pre-distribution liabilities and liabilities related to Vornado assets and there can be no assurance that these obligations will be sufficient to protect us. Additionally, there may be undisclosed liabilities of the Vornado and JBG assets contributed to us in the Formation Transaction that might expose us to potentially large, unanticipated costs.

Under the Tax Matters Agreement that we entered into with Vornado, we may be required to indemnify Vornado against any taxes and related amounts and costs if the distribution of JBG SMITH shares by Vornado, together with certain related transactions, is not tax-free and that treatment results from (i) actions or failures to act by us, or (ii) our breach of certain representations or undertakings. The Separation Agreement provides for indemnification obligations designed to make us financially responsible for substantially all liabilities that may exist relating to our business activities, whether incurred prior to or after the Formation Transaction, as well as those obligations of Vornado that we assumed pursuant to the Separation Agreement. If we are required to indemnify Vornado under the circumstances set forth in the Tax Matters Agreement or the Separation Agreement, we may be subject to substantial liabilities. Pursuant to the Separation Agreement, Vornado agreed to indemnify us for certain liabilities. However, third parties could seek to hold us responsible

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for any of the liabilities that Vornado agreed to retain, and there can be no assurance that Vornado will be able to fully satisfy its indemnification obligations. Moreover, even if we ultimately succeed in recovering from Vornado any amounts for which we are held liable, such indemnification may be insufficient to fully offset the financial impact of such liabilities and/or we may be temporarily required to bear these losses while seeking recovery from Vornado. Additionally, prior to entering into the MTA, the diligence reviews performed by each of Vornado and JBG with respect to the business and assets of the other were necessarily limited in nature and scope and may not have adequately uncovered all of the contingent or undisclosed liabilities that we assumed in connection with the Formation Transaction, many of which may not be covered by insurance. The MTA does not provide for indemnification for these types of liabilities by either party post-closing, and, therefore, we may not have any recourse with respect to such unexpected liabilities. Any such liabilities could cause us to experience losses, which may be significant, which could have a material adverse effect on us.

Unless Vornado and JBG SMITH were both REITs following the Separation, JBG SMITH could be required to recognize certain corporate-level gains for tax purposes as a result of the Separation.

We believe that each of Vornado and JBG SMITH operated in a manner so that each qualified as a REIT immediately after the Separation and at all times during the two years after the Separation. However, if either Vornado or JBG SMITH failed to qualify as a REIT following the Separation, then, for our taxable year that includes the Separation, the IRS may assert that JBG SMITH would have to recognize corporate-level gain on assets acquired in the Separation.

CAUTIONARY STATEMENT CONCERNING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

Certain statements contained herein constitute forward-looking statements within the meaning of the federal securities laws. Forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance. They represent our intentions, plans, expectations and beliefs and are subject to numerous assumptions, risks and uncertainties. Our future results, financial condition and business may differ materially from those expressed in these forward-looking statements. You can find many of these statements by looking for words such as "approximates," "believes," "expects," "anticipates," "estimates," "intends," "plans," "would," "may" or other similar expressions in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Investors are cautioned to interpret many of the risks identified under the section titled "Risk Factors" in this Annual Report on Form 10-K as being heightened as a result of the numerous adverse impacts of COVID-19.

In particular, information included under "Business," "Risk Factors," and "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" contains forward-looking statements. Many of the factors that will determine the outcome of these and our other forward-looking statements are beyond our ability to control or predict. Such factors include:

the economic health and public safety climate of the greater Washington Metro region and our geographic concentration therein, particularly our concentration in National Landing;
decreases in demand for office space in the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area, particularly with respect to our two largest tenants, Amazon and the federal government;
the amount and timing of Amazon’s investments in National Landing and revenue we receive from them currently and may receive in the future;
whether any or all of the other three demand drivers discussed above will fail to materialize;
whether the plan to build a sports and entertainment anchor in National Landing will materialize at the planned scale, or at all;
reductions in or actual or threatened changes to the timing of federal government spending;
changes in general political, economic, public safety and competitive conditions and specific market conditions;
the risks associated with real estate development and redevelopment, including unanticipated expenses, delays and other contingencies;
the risks associated with the acquisition, disposition and ownership of real estate in general and our real estate assets in particular;
the ability to control our operating expenses;

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the risks related to co-investments in real estate ventures and partnerships;
the ability to renew leases, lease vacant space or re-let space as leases expire, and to do so on favorable terms;
the economic health of our tenants;
fluctuations in interest rates;
the supply of competing properties and competition in the real estate industry generally;
the availability and terms of financing and capital and the general volatility of securities markets;
the risks associated with mortgage loans and other indebtedness;
compliance with applicable laws, including those concerning the environment and access by persons with disabilities;
increased investor focus and activism related to ESG matters;
terrorist attacks, acts of violence and the occurrence of cyber incidents or system failures;
the ability to maintain key personnel;
failure to qualify and maintain our qualification as a REIT and the risks of changes in laws affecting REITs; and
other factors discussed under the caption "Risk Factors."

For a further discussion of factors that could materially affect the outcome of our forward-looking statements, see "Risk Factors" in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

For these forward-looking statements, we claim the protection of the safe harbor for forward-looking statements contained in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. You are cautioned not to place undue reliance on our forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this Annual Report on Form 10-K or the date of any document incorporated by reference. All subsequent written and oral forward-looking statements attributable to us or any person acting on our behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by the cautionary statements contained or referred to in this section. We do not undertake any obligation to release publicly any revisions to our forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances occurring after the date of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

ITEM 1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

There are no unresolved comments from the staff of the SEC as of the date of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

ITEM 1C. CYBERSECURITY

Strategy and Risk Management

To mitigate cybersecurity risks we have adopted a process of continuous improvement and adaptation to the ever-changing threat landscape. As part of this process, we engage with industry-leading managed security service provider(s) to supplement our efforts in preventing, identifying and responding to cybersecurity threats. Our information technology operations, information security processes and CIRP are generally aligned with the National Institute of Standards and Technology’s framework.

We have adopted a cloud-first strategy which is a foundational element to our overall cybersecurity posture. For essential systems, we utilize SaaS-based software partners who annually conduct Statement on Standards for Attestation Engagements SOC 1 or SOC 2 assessments, as appropriate, based on functional use within our company. Based on the nature of services provided by our technology partners, our third-party risk management process may include:

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Reviewing cybersecurity practices of such provider.
Contractually obligating the provider to share detailed results of cybersecurity assessments on an annual basis.
Contractually obligating the provider to make us aware of significant cybersecurity related incidents.
Coordinating independent security assessments with the provider utilizing our own resources.

Cybersecurity Risk Management

We have adopted a cybersecurity risk management process that is designed to identify and mitigate potential cybersecurity risks. On an annual basis, we work with credible, third-party cybersecurity experts to assess our ability to prevent, identify, and respond to cybersecurity threats through internal and external penetration tests and monthly vulnerability scans. We also test our organizational cybersecurity capabilities through facilitated tabletop exercises which simulate real life scenarios. Together with the findings of the SOC 1 and 2 assessments, and our threat intelligence and monitoring activities, these exercises, tests and scans help us identify potential cybersecurity risks.

We seek to mitigate cybersecurity risks we identify through a variety of methods, including:

When practical and necessary, we patch vulnerabilities that are identified.
We deploy endpoint detection and monitoring technologies to identify potential cybersecurity incidents.
We back up our systems and data to mitigate the impact of a cybersecurity event that would impact our ability to operate or result in the loss of data.
We partner with strategic managed cybersecurity service providers to supplement the capabilities of our internal team.
We update and refine our CIRP in response to identified risks.
To manage the third-party cybersecurity risk introduced by our cloud-first strategy, we have implemented a due diligence process for new software partners as well as an annual review process for essential SaaS system partners.
We conduct cybersecurity awareness training annually and simulated phishing campaigns no less than quarterly to test and educate our employees.

Notwithstanding the steps we take to address cybersecurity, we may not be successful in preventing or mitigating all cybersecurity incidents or threats. See Item 1A. Risk Factors - Risks Related to Our Business and Operations – The occurrence of cyber incidents, or a deficiency in our cybersecurity, or the cybersecurity of our service providers, could negatively impact our business by causing a disruption to our operations, a compromise or corruption of our confidential information, regulatory enforcement and other legal proceedings, and/or damage to our business relationships, all of which could negatively impact our financial results – for a discussion of cybersecurity risks. To date, we have not experienced any material cybersecurity incidents.

Governance

Our Chief Information & Technology Officer along with our Vice President of Cybersecurity & Cloud Infrastructure provide principal oversight and guidance of our cybersecurity risk management strategy, programs and processes. The Chief Information & Technology Officer has over 20 years of experience in information technology in the real estate sector, leading organizations through strategic technology and process improvement initiatives. The Vice President of Cybersecurity & Cloud Infrastructure has over 15 years of extensive experience in cybersecurity and information technology. They are supported in their efforts by a team of technical experts who have had formal training and possess relevant industry related experience in addition to managed cybersecurity service providers who specialize in preventing, identifying, and responding to cybersecurity threats.

The Audit Committee of our Board of Trustees provides board-level governance and oversight regarding cybersecurity matters. Management meets with the Audit Committee periodically to discuss cybersecurity strategy, risk, trends, and internal personnel and qualifications. As part of our annual enterprise risk assessment, technology and cyber risks are standing risk factors which are ranked and reviewed by management.

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In the event of a cyberattack, we engage our CIRP, which provides a framework of processes and procedures related to identifying, categorizing, responding, containing, analyzing, and eradicating cybersecurity threats to mitigate downtime and promptly restore systems and services. Management has responsibility for reporting cybersecurity incidents to the Audit Committee as they occur, if consistent with our CIRP. The CIRP also addresses management's responsibility, with Audit Committee oversight, with respect to any reporting or disclosure determinations related to a given cybersecurity incident and provides for Audit Committee and Board of Trustee briefings as appropriate.

ITEM 2. PROPERTIES

Note on presentation of "at share" information. We present certain financial information and metrics "at JBG SMITH Share," which is calculated on an entity-by-entity basis, but exclude our: (i) 10.0% subordinated interest in one commercial building, (ii) 33.5% subordinated interest in four commercial buildings, (iii) 49.0% interest in three commercial buildings and (iv) 9.9% interest in one commercial building, as well as the associated non-recourse mortgage loans, held through unconsolidated real estate ventures; these interests and debt are excluded because our investment in each real estate venture is zero, we do not anticipate receiving any near-term cash flow distributions from the real estate ventures and we have not guaranteed their obligations or otherwise committed to providing financial support. "At JBG SMITH Share" information, which we also refer to as being "at share," "our pro rata share" or "our share," is not, and is not intended to be, a presentation in accordance with GAAP. Because as of December 31, 2023, 7.2% of our assets, as measured by total square feet, was held through real estate ventures in which we own less than 100% of the ownership interest, we believe this form of presentation, which includes our economic interests in the unconsolidated real estate ventures, provides investors important information regarding a significant component of our portfolio, its composition, performance and capitalization. We classify our portfolio as "operating," "under-construction," or "development pipeline."

The following tables provide information about our multifamily, commercial and development pipeline portfolios as of December 31, 2023. Many of our assets in the development pipeline are adjacent to or an integrated component of operating multifamily or commercial assets in our portfolio. A number of our assets included in the following tables are held through real estate ventures with third parties or are subject to ground leases. In addition to other information, the following tables indicate our percentage ownership, whether the asset is consolidated or unconsolidated, and whether the asset is subject to a ground lease.

37

Multifamily Assets

    

    

    

    

Number

    

Total

    

Multifamily

Same Store (2):

of

Square

%

%

Retail %

Multifamily Assets

Ownership

C/U (1)

YTD 2022-2023

Units

Feet

Leased

Occupied

Occupied

National Landing

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

  

  

RiverHouse Apartments

 

100.0

%

C

 

Y

 

1,676

 

1,327,551

 

96.6%

96.0%

100.0%

The Bartlett

 

100.0

%

C

 

Y

 

699

 

619,372

 

97.2%

96.7%

100.0%

220 20th Street

 

100.0

%

C

 

Y

 

265

 

271,476

 

95.1%

94.0%

100.0%

2221 S. Clark Street - Residential (3)

 

100.0

%

C

 

Y

 

216

 

96,948

 

88.6%

85.9%

-

D.C.

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

  

  

West Half

100.0

%

C

 

Y

 

465

 

385,368

 

94.4%

93.1%

83.1%

Fort Totten Square

 

100.0

%

C

 

Y

 

345

 

384,956

 

97.3%

91.6%

100.0%

The Wren

100.0

%

C

Y

433

332,682

96.8%

94.2%

100.0%

The Batley

100.0

%

C

Y

432

300,388

96.1%

94.4%

-

WestEnd25

 

100.0

%

C

 

Y

 

283

 

273,264

 

94.3%

93.6%

-

F1RST Residences

100.0

%

C

Y

325

270,928

95.1%

94.2%

100.0%

Atlantic Plumbing

 

100.0

%

C

 

Y

 

310

 

245,143

 

94.0%

93.9%

89.2%

1221 Van Street

 

100.0

%

C

 

Y

 

291

 

225,592

 

96.0%

93.1%

100.0%

901 W Street

100.0

%

C

Y

161

154,379

94.5%

95.7%

63.9%

900 W Street (3)

100.0

%

C

Y

95

71,050

61.1%

47.4%

-

North End Retail (4)

 

100.0

%

C

 

Y

 

 

27,355

 

96.0%

-

96.0%

MD

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

  

  

8001 Woodmont

 

100.0

%

C

 

N

 

322

 

363,979

 

96.2%

94.1%

95.1%

Operating - Total / Weighted Average (3)

 

6,318

 

5,350,431

 

96.0%

94.7%

95.3%

Under-Construction

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

  

  

National Landing

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

  

  

1900 Crystal Drive (5)

 

C

 

808

 

633,985

2000/2001 South Bell Street (5)

C

775

580,966

Under-Construction - Total

 

1,583

 

1,214,951

Total

 

 

7,901

 

6,565,382

 

  

  

  

Totals at JBG SMITH Share (3)

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

  

  

National Landing

 

2,856

 

2,315,347

 

96.6%

96.0%

100.0%

D.C.

3,140

2,671,105

95.5%

93.7%

94.7%

MD

 

322

 

363,979

 

96.2%

94.1%

95.1%

Operating - Total / Weighted Average

6,318

5,350,431

96.0%

94.7%

95.3%

Under-construction assets

1,583

1,214,951

  

Note:   At 100% share, unless otherwise noted. 

(1)"C" denotes a consolidated interest and "U" denotes an unconsolidated interest.
(2)"Y" denotes an asset as same store and "N" denotes an asset as non-same store.
(3)2221 S. Clark Street - Residential and 900 W Street are excluded from percent leased and percent occupied metrics as they are operated as short-term rental properties.
(4)In January 2024, we sold North End Retail for a gross sales price of $14.3 million.
(5)In 2021, we leased the land underlying 1900 Crystal Drive and 2000/2001 South Bell Street to a lessee. The assets are consolidated in our financial statements as they are owned through variable interest entities for which we are the primary beneficiary. See Note 6 to the consolidated financial statements for additional information.

38

Commercial Assets

    

    

    

    

Total

    

    

    

 

%

Same Store (2):

Square

%

Office %

Retail %

 

Commercial Assets

Ownership

C/U (1)

YTD 2022-2023

Feet

Leased

Occupied

Occupied

 

National Landing

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

1550 Crystal Drive (3)

 

100.0

%  

C

 

Y

 

555,302

 

95.3%

91.4%

100.0%

2121 Crystal Drive

 

100.0

%  

C

 

Y

 

509,922

 

89.7%

87.0%

100.0%

2345 Crystal Drive

 

100.0

%  

C

 

Y

 

499,688

 

55.4%

55.0%

74.3%

2231 Crystal Drive

 

100.0

%  

C

 

Y

 

468,907

 

72.7%

69.6%

97.4%

2011 Crystal Drive

 

100.0

%  

C

 

Y

 

440,510

 

57.6%

57.7%

50.3%

2451 Crystal Drive

 

100.0

%  

C

 

Y

 

402,375

 

86.3%

86.1%

92.6%