☑QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2019
☐TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from __________ to__________
Commission file number 000-49728
JETBLUE AIRWAYS CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
(State of Other Jurisdiction of Incorporation)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
27-01 Queens Plaza North
Long Island City
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year,
if changed since last report)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.01 par value
The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. ☑Yes☐ No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). ☑Yes☐ No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ☐ No ☑
As of June 30, 2019, there were 296,266,931 shares outstanding of the registrant’s common stock, par value $0.01.
JetBlue Airways Corporation, or JetBlue, provides air transportation services across the United States, the Caribbean and Latin America. Our condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of JetBlue and our subsidiaries which are collectively referred to as “we” or the “Company”. All majority-owned subsidiaries are consolidated on a line by line basis, with all intercompany transactions and balances being eliminated. These condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes should be read in conjunction with our 2018 audited financial statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018, or our 2018 Form 10-K.
These condensed consolidated financial statements are unaudited and have been prepared by us following the rules and regulations of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, or the SEC. In our opinion they reflect all adjustments, including normal recurring items, that are necessary to present fairly the results for interim periods. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the U.S., or GAAP, have been condensed or omitted as permitted by such rules and regulations; however, we believe that the disclosures are adequate to make the information presented not misleading.
Due to seasonal variations in the demand for air travel, the volatility of aircraft fuel prices and other factors, our operating results for the periods presented herein are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for other interim periods or the entire fiscal year. We recast financial information previously filed under Accounting Standards Codification (ASC), or the Codification, Topic 840, Leases for the periods presented to reflect the modified retrospective method of transition to Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842) of the Codification. Refer to Note 4 to our consolidated financial statements for more information.
Investment securities consist of available-for-sale investment securities and held-to-maturity investment securities. We use a specific identification method to determine the cost of the securities when they are sold.
Held-to-maturity investment securities. The contractual maturities of the held-to-maturity investments we held as of June 30, 2019 were not greater than 24 months. We did not record any significant gains or losses on these securities during the three and six months endedJune 30, 2019 or 2018. The estimated fair value of these investments approximated their carrying value as of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively.
The carrying values of investment securities consisted of the following at June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018 (in millions):
June 30, 2019
December 31, 2018
Total available-for-sale securities
Total investment securities
Our wholly-owned subsidiary, JetBlue Technology Ventures, LLC, or JTV, has equity investments in emerging companies which do not have readily determinable fair values. In accordance with ASU 2016-01, Financial Instruments-Overall (Subtopic 825-10): Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities, we account for these investments using a measurement alternative which allows entities to measure these investments at cost, less any impairment, adjusted for changes from observable price changes in orderly transactions for identifiable or similar investments of the same issuer. The carrying amount of these investments were $26 million and $25 million as of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively.
In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board, or FASB, issued ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842) of the Codification, which requires lessees to recognize leases on the balance sheet and disclose key information about leasing arrangements. Topic 842 was subsequently amended by ASU 2018-01, Land Easement Practical Expedient for Transition to Topic 842; ASU 2018-10, Codification Improvements to Topic 842, Leases; ASU 2018-11, Targeted Improvements; ASU 2018-20, Narrow-Scope Improvements for Lessors; and ASU 2019-01, Leases (Topic 842): Codification Improvements. Under the new standard, a lessee will recognize liabilities on the balance sheet, initially measured at the present value of the lease payments, and right-of-use (ROU) assets representing its right to use the underlying asset for the lease term. For leases with a term of 12 months or less at the commencement date, a lessee is permitted to make an accounting policy election not to recognize lease assets and lease liabilities. The new standard also eliminates the build-to-suit lease accounting guidance which results in the derecognition of build-to-suit assets and liabilities that remained on the balance sheet after the end of the construction period.
We adopted the requirements of ASU 2016-02 as of January 1, 2019, utilizing the modified retrospective method of transition for all leases existing at or commencing after the date of initial application. We recorded a $58 million cumulative adjustment to retained earnings as of January 1, 2017, the beginning of the retrospective reporting period, for the impact of the new accounting standard. The adjustment to retained earnings was driven principally by the derecognition of our existing assets constructed for others and construction obligation related to our Terminal 5 (T5) build-to-suit project at John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York.
We elected to use the package of transition provisions available for expired or existing contracts, which allowed us to carryforward our historical assessment of whether contracts are or contain leases, lease classification, and initial direct costs. Refer to Note 4 to our consolidated financial statements for more information.
In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-13, Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Disclosure Framework - Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement. The update eliminates, adds, and modifies certain disclosure requirements for fair value measurements. ASU 2018-13 is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2019, with early adoption permitted of the entire standard or only the provisions that eliminate or modify disclosure requirements. We are still evaluating the full impact of adopting the amendments on our consolidated financial statements.
In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-15, Intangibles—Goodwill and Other— Internal-Use Software (Subtopic 350-40): Customer’s Accounting for Implementation Costs Incurred in a Cloud Computing Arrangement That Is a Service Contract. The update provides guidance for determining if a cloud computing arrangement is within the scope of internal-use software guidance, and would require capitalization of certain implementation costs. ASU 2018-15 is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2019, with early adoption permitted. We adopted the requirements of ASU 2018-15 on April 1, 2019 using the prospective transition method. The adoption of this amendment did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.
Note 2— Revenue Recognition
The Company categorizes the revenues received from contracts with its customers by revenue source as we believe it best depicts the nature, amount, timing, and uncertainty of our revenue and cash flow. The following table provides the revenues recognized by revenue source for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018 (in millions):
Our contract liabilities primarily consist of ticket sales for which transportation has not yet been provided, unused credits available to customers, and outstanding loyalty points available for redemption.
June 30, 2019
December 31, 2018
Air traffic liability - passenger travel
Air traffic liability - loyalty program (air transportation)
Total contract liabilities
During the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, we recognized revenue of $819 million and $759 million, respectively, which was included in contract liabilities at the beginning of the respective periods.
The Company elected the practical expedient that allows entities to not disclose the amount of the remaining transaction price and its expected timing of recognition for passenger tickets if the contract has an original expected duration of one year or less or if certain other conditions are met. We elected to apply this practical expedient to our contract liabilities relating to passenger travel and ancillary services as our tickets or any related passenger credits expire one year from the date of issuance.
TrueBlue® points are combined in one homogeneous pool and are not separately identifiable. As such, the revenue is comprised of the points that were part of the air traffic liability balance at the beginning of the period as well as points that were issued during the period.
The table below presents the activity of the current and non-current air traffic liability for TrueBlue® points, and includes points earned and sold to participating companies (in millions):
Balance at December 31, 2018
TrueBlue® points redeemed
TrueBlue® points earned and sold
Balance at June 30, 2019
Balance at December 31, 2017
TrueBlue® points redeemed
TrueBlue® points earned and sold
Balance at June 30, 2018
The timing of our TrueBlue® point redemptions can vary; however, the majority of our points are redeemed within approximately three years of the date of issuance.
Note 3—Long-Term Debt, Short-Term Borrowings, and Finance Lease Obligations
During the six months ended June 30, 2019, we made scheduled principal payments of $182 million on our outstanding long-term debt and finance lease obligations.
We had pledged aircraft, engines, other equipment and facilities with a net book value of $2.8 billion at June 30, 2019 as security under various financing arrangements. At June 30, 2019, scheduled maturities of all of our long-term debt and finance lease obligations were $128 million for the remainder of 2019, $273 million in 2020, $263 million in 2021, $240 million in 2022, $223 million in 2023, and $365 million thereafter.
The carrying amounts and estimated fair values of our long-term debt, net of debt acquisition costs, at June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018 were as follows (in millions):
June 30, 2019
December 31, 2018
Estimated Fair Value
Estimated Fair Value
Fixed rate special facility bonds, due through 2036
Fixed rate enhanced equipment notes, due through 2023
Floating rate equipment notes, due through 2028
Fixed rate equipment notes, due through 2028
(1) Total excludes finance lease obligations of $99 million for June 30, 2019 and $107 million for December 31, 2018.
The estimated fair values of our publicly held long-term debt are classified as Level 2 in the fair value hierarchy. The fair values of our enhanced equipment notes and our special facility bonds were based on quoted market prices in markets with low trading volumes. The fair value of our non-public debt was estimated using a discounted cash flow analysis based on our borrowing rates for instruments with similar terms and therefore classified as Level 3 in the fair value hierarchy. The fair values of our other financial instruments approximate their carrying values. Refer to Note 9 to our consolidated financial statements for an explanation of the fair value hierarchy structure.
We have financed certain aircraft with Enhanced Equipment Trust Certificates, or EETCs. One of the benefits of this structure is being able to finance several aircraft at one time, rather than individually. The structure of EETC financing is that we create pass-through trusts in order to issue pass-through certificates. The proceeds from the issuance of these certificates are then used to purchase equipment notes which are issued by us and are secured by our aircraft. These trusts meet the definition of a variable interest entity, or VIE, as defined in the Consolidations topic of the Codification, and must be considered for consolidation in our condensed consolidated financial statements. Our assessment of our EETCs considers both quantitative and qualitative factors including the purpose for which these trusts were established and the nature of the risks in each. The main purpose of the trust structure is to enhance the credit worthiness of our debt obligation through certain bankruptcy protection provisions, liquidity facilities and lower our total borrowing cost. We concluded that we are not the primary beneficiary in these trusts because our involvement in them is limited to principal and interest payments on the related notes, the trusts were not set up to pass along variability created by credit risk to us and the likelihood of our defaulting on the notes. Therefore, we have not consolidated these trusts in our condensed consolidated financial statements.
We have a revolving Credit and Guaranty Agreement with Citibank, N.A. as the administrative agent, for up to approximately $425 million. The term of the facility runs through April 2021. Borrowings under the Credit and Guaranty Agreement bear interest at a variable rate equal to LIBOR, plus a margin. The Credit and Guaranty Agreement is secured by Slots at John F. Kennedy International Airport, LaGuardia Airport and Reagan National Airport as well as certain other assets. Slots are rights to take-off or land at a specific airport during a specific time period and are a means by which airport capacity and congestion can be managed. The Credit and Guaranty Agreement includes covenants that require us to maintain certain minimum balances in unrestricted cash, cash equivalents, and unused commitments available under revolving credit facilities. In addition, the covenants restrict our ability to, among other things, dispose of certain collateral, or merge, consolidate, or sell assets. As of and for the periods ended June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, we did not have a balance outstanding or any borrowings under this line of credit.
Morgan Stanley Line of Credit
We have a revolving line of credit with Morgan Stanley for up to approximately $200 million. This line of credit is secured by a portion of our investment securities held by Morgan Stanley and the amount available to us under this line of credit may vary accordingly. This line of credit bears interest at a floating rate based upon LIBOR, plus a margin. As of and for the periods ended June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, we did not have a balance outstanding or any borrowings under this line of credit.
As discussed in Note 1 to our consolidated financial statements, we adopted ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842) of the Codification, as of January 1, 2019. The new standard requires leases with durations greater than twelve months to be recognized on the balance sheet. Our 2018 and 2017 financial statements have been recast to reflect the retrospective application of the new standard.
Operating lease assets represent our right to use an underlying asset for the lease term and lease liabilities represent our obligation to make lease payments arising from the lease. Operating lease assets and liabilities are recognized at the lease commencement date based on the estimated present value of lease payments over the lease term.
Leases with a term of 12 months or less are not recorded on the balance sheet. Our lease agreements do not contain any residual value guarantees. For facility leases, we account for the lease and non-lease components as a single lease component.
The table below presents the lease-related assets and liabilities recorded on our consolidated balance sheets (in millions):
Current maturities of long-term debt and finance leases
Operating lease liabilities
Long-term operating lease liabilities
Finance lease liabilities
Long-term debt and finance lease obligations
Total lease liabilities
June 30, 2019
December 31, 2018
Weighted-average remaining lease term (in years)
Weighted-average discount rate
Flight Equipment Leases
We operated a fleet of 254 aircraft as of June 30, 2019. Of our fleet, 42 aircraft were under operating leases and six aircraft were under finance leases. Our aircraft leases generally have long durations with remaining terms of three months to nine years.
The majority of aircraft operating leases can be renewed at rates based on fair market value at the end of the lease term for one or two years. None of our aircraft operating leases have variable rate rent payments. We have purchase options for 42 of our aircraft leases at the end of their lease term. These purchase options are at fair market value and have a one-time option during the term at fixed amounts that were expected to approximate the fair market value at lease inception.
Our facility leases are primarily for space at the airports we serve. These leases are classified as operating leases and reflect our use of passenger terminal service facilities consisting of ticket counters, gate space, operations support area, and baggage service offices. We generally lease space directly or indirectly from the local airport authority on varying terms dependent on prevailing practices at each airport. The remaining terms of our airport leases vary from six months to 16 years. Our leases at certain airports contain provisions for periodic adjustments of rental rates based on the operating costs of the airports or the frequency of use of the facilities. Because of the variable nature of the rates, these leases are not recorded as operating lease assets and operating lease liabilities on our condensed consolidated balance sheets.
We also have leases for our corporate offices, training center, and various hangars and airport support facilities at our focus cities.
Other Ground Property and Equipment
We lease certain IT assets, ground support equipment, and various other pieces of equipment. The lease terms of our ground support equipment are less than 12 months, while the amount of other equipment we have is not significant.
We do not have any lease commitments that have not yet commenced as of June 30, 2019.
Note 5—Earnings Per Share
Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing net income by the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share is calculated similarly but includes potential dilution from restricted stock units, the Crewmember Stock Purchase Plan, and any other potentially dilutive instruments using the treasury stock method. There were no anti-dilutive common stock equivalents during the three and six months ended June 30, 2019. Anti-dilutive common stock equivalents excluded from the computation of diluted earnings per shares amounts were 1.4 million and 1.5 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, respectively.
The following is a reconciliation of weighted average shares and a calculation of earnings per share (in millions, except per share amounts):