Company Quick10K Filing
JD.com
20-F 2019-12-31 Filed 2020-04-15
20-F 2018-12-31 Filed 2019-04-15
20-F 2017-12-31 Filed 2018-04-27
20-F 2016-12-31 Filed 2017-05-01
20-F 2015-12-31 Filed 2016-04-18

JD 20F Annual Report

Item 17
Item 18
Part I
Item 1. Identity of Directors, Senior Management and Advisers
Item 2. Offer Statistics and Expected Timetable
Item 3. Key Information
Item 4. Information on The Company
Item 4A. Unresolved Staff Comments
Item 5. Operating and Financial Review and Prospects
Item 6. Directors, Senior Management and Employees
Item 7. Major Shareholders and Related Party Transactions
Item 8. Financial Information
Item 9. The Offer and Listing
Item 10. Additional Information
Item 11. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 12. Description of Securities Other Than Equity Securities
Part II
Item 13. Defaults, Dividend Arrearages and Delinquencies
Item 14. Modifications To The Rights of Security Holders and Use of Proceeds
Item 15. Controls and Procedures
Item 16A. Audit Committee Financial Expert
Item 16B. Code of Ethics
Item 16C. Principal Accountant Fees and Services
Item 16D. Exemptions From The Listing Standards for Audit Committees
Item 16E. Purchases of Equity Securities By The Issuer and Affiliated Purchasers
Item 16F. Change in Registrant's Certifying Accountant
Item 16G. Corporate Governance
Item 16H. Mine Safety Disclosure
Part III
Item 17. Financial Statements
Item 18. Financial Statements
Item 19. Exhibits
Note 7 - "Investment in Equity Investees".
EX-2.11 d875897dex211.htm
EX-2.12 d875897dex212.htm
EX-4.21 d875897dex421.htm
EX-4.22 d875897dex422.htm
EX-4.23 d875897dex423.htm
EX-4.24 d875897dex424.htm
EX-4.25 d875897dex425.htm
EX-4.26 d875897dex426.htm
EX-4.28 d875897dex428.htm
EX-8.1 d875897dex81.htm
EX-12.1 d875897dex121.htm
EX-12.2 d875897dex122.htm
EX-13.1 d875897dex131.htm
EX-13.2 d875897dex132.htm
EX-15.1 d875897dex151.htm
EX-15.2 d875897dex152.htm
EX-15.3 d875897dex153.htm

JD.com Earnings 2019-12-31

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow

Form 20-F
P2YP3YP4YP5YP6YP6Y0.500.330.250.200.170.10false0.01152019FY0001549802--12-31trueE9 0001549802 2017-12-31 0001549802 2018-12-31 0001549802 2019-12-31 0001549802 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 2019-01-01 0001549802 2019-05-31 0001549802 2019-02-27 0001549802 2019-02-27 2019-02-27 0001549802 2016-12-31 0001549802 jd:VariableInterestEntityPrimaryBeneficiaryAggregatedDisclosureNonRecourseMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:VariableInterestEntityPrimaryBeneficiaryAggregatedDisclosureMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:TradeAccountsReceivableMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:LoansReceivableMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:AccruedExpensesAndOtherCurrentLiabilitiesMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember us-gaap:MoneyMarketFundsMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember us-gaap:MoneyMarketFundsMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:AccountingStandardsUpdate201601Member srt:RestatementAdjustmentMember us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:AccountingStandardsUpdate201601Member us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember srt:RestatementAdjustmentMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:CurrencyConvertibilityConcentrationRiskMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:WealthManagementProductMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:BitautoHoldingsLimitedMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:YixinGroupLimitedMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:YonghuiSuperstoresCoLtdMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:TuniuCorporationMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:ProductSalesAndOnlineMarketplaceReceivablesMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:LogisticsSupportServicesMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:AdvertisingReceivablesMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:OfficeEquipmentMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:BuildingAndBuildingImprovementsMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:LogisticAndWarehouseAndOtherHeavyEquipmentMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:VehiclesMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:LeaseholdImprovementsMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:FurnitureAndFixturesMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:SoftwareAndSoftwareDevelopmentCostsMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:ProductMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:PackingAndOtherMaterialsMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:AmericanDepositaryShareMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:ShareIncentivePlanMember jd:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeMember jd:ShareOptionsMember jd:VestingBasedOnServiceMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 srt:ParentCompanyMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:AccumulatedNetUnrealizedInvestmentGainLossMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:ShortTermDebtMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:TechnologyAndOthersIntangibleAssetsMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:DomainNamesAndTrademarkMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:NoncompeteAgreementsMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:StrategicCooperationMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:DadaNexusLimitedMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:PrepaidExpensesAndOtherCurrentAssetsMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:NonrecourseSecuritizationDebtMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:TrafficSupportMarketingAndPromotionServicesProvidedToRelatedPartiesMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:OtherNoncurrentAssetsMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember jd:WealthManagementProductMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member jd:WealthManagementProductMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:FarfetchcomLimitedMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:JdFinanceMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:RestrictedStockAndStockOptionMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:UnsecuredSeniorNotesDue2026Member us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:UnsecuredSeniorNotesDue2021Member us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:VipshopHoldingsLtdMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:ChinaUnitedNetworkCommunicationsLimitedMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember us-gaap:EquitySecuritiesMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember us-gaap:EquitySecuritiesMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member 2018-12-31 0001549802 srt:ParentCompanyMember us-gaap:CommonClassAMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:CommonClassBMember srt:ParentCompanyMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:CommonClassAMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:CommonClassBMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:TuniuCorporationMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:DadaNexusLimitedMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:MajorRelatedPartiesMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:TencentAndItsSubsidiariesMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:JdFinanceMember us-gaap:LoansMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:OtherRelatedPartyTransactionMember jd:JdFinanceMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:AihuishouGroupOneMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:RelatedPartiesOtherThanMajorRelatedPartiesMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:BankTimeDepositsMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:BitautoHoldingsLimitedMember jd:TrafficSupportMarketingAndPromotionServicesProvidedToRelatedPartiesMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:TrafficSupportMarketingAndPromotionServicesProvidedToRelatedPartiesMember jd:TuniuCorporationMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:TrafficSupportMarketingAndPromotionServicesProvidedToRelatedPartiesMember jd:DadaNexusLimitedMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:DadaNexusLimitedMember jd:NonCompeteAgreementsRelatedPartiesMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:JdFinanceMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:JdFinanceMember jd:FinancingReceivablesPastDueOverCertainAgreedPeriodOfTimeMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:VariableInterestEntityPrimaryBeneficiaryAggregatedDisclosureNonRecourseMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:JdAsiaDevelopmentLimitedMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:JdJiankangLimitedMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:JdHealthInternationalIncMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:BeijingJingdongCenturyTradeCompanyLimitedMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:JiangsuJingdongInformationTechnologyCompanyLimitedMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:ShanghaiShengdayuanInformationTechnologyCompanyLimitedMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:JingdongECommerceExpressHongKongCoLtdMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:JingdongTechnologyGroupCorporationMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:JingdongLogisticsGroupCorporationMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:JingdongExpressGroupCorporationMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:JdcomECommerceTechnologyHongKongCompanyLimitedMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:JingdongECommerceLogisticsHongKongCompanyLimitedMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:JingdongECommerceTradeHongKongCompanyLimitedMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:JdcomInternationalLimitedMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:BeijingJingdongShangkeInformationTechnologyCompanyLimitedMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:JdcomECommerceInvestmentHongKongCompanyLimitedMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:JdcomAmericanTechnologiesCorporationMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:ChongqingJingdongHaijiaECommerceCoLtdMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:JdcomOverseasInnovationLimitedMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:JdcomInternationalSingaporePteLtdMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:JdcomInvestmentLimitedMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:JdcomAsiaInvestmentCorporationMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:SuqianHanbangInvestmentManagementCompanyLimitedMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:XianJingxundiSupplyChainTechnologyCoLtdMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:XianJingdongXunchengLogisticsCompanyLimitedMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:JingdongExpressInternationalLimitedMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:BeijingJinghongLogisticsCompanyLimitedMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:JdAssetsHoldingLimitedMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:JdLogisticsHoldingLimitedMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:VariableInterestEntityPrimaryBeneficiaryAggregatedDisclosureMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:TradeAccountsReceivableMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:LoansReceivableMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:AccruedExpensesAndOtherCurrentLiabilitiesMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember us-gaap:MoneyMarketFundsMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember us-gaap:MoneyMarketFundsMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:CurrencyConvertibilityConcentrationRiskMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:WealthManagementProductMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:DadaNexusLimitedMember us-gaap:PreferredStockMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:BitautoHoldingsLimitedMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:YixinGroupLimitedMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:YonghuiSuperstoresCoLtdMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:TuniuCorporationMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:JiangsuFiveStarApplianceCoLtdMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:ProductSalesAndOnlineMarketplaceReceivablesMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:LogisticsSupportServicesMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:AdvertisingReceivablesMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:OfficeEquipmentMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:BuildingAndBuildingImprovementsMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:LogisticAndWarehouseAndOtherHeavyEquipmentMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:VehiclesMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:LeaseholdImprovementsMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:FurnitureAndFixturesMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:SoftwareAndSoftwareDevelopmentCostsMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:ProductMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:PackingAndOtherMaterialsMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:SubsidiariesIncorporatedInSingaporeAndHongKongMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:SubsidiariesConsolidatedViesAndViesSubsidiariesEstablishedInPrcAndIndonesiaMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:ShareIncentivePlanMember jd:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:ShareIncentivePlanMember jd:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeMember jd:ShareOptionsMember jd:VestingBasedOnServiceMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:InternetDataCentreServiceAgreementsMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 srt:ParentCompanyMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:CapitalAdditionsMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:JingdongExpressMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:NoncompeteAgreementsMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:TechnologyAndOthersIntangibleAssetsMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:DomainNamesAndTrademarkMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:StrategicCooperationMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:DadaNexusLimitedMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:PrepaidExpensesAndOtherCurrentAssetsMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:TrafficSupportMarketingAndPromotionServicesProvidedToRelatedPartiesMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:AmericanDepositaryShareMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:OtherNoncurrentAssetsMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember jd:WealthManagementProductMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member jd:WealthManagementProductMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:EsrCaymanLimitedMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:FarfetchcomLimitedMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:VipshopHoldingsLtdMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:JdFinanceMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:ShareIncentivePlanMember jd:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeMember us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember jd:VestingBasedOnServiceMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:ShareIncentivePlanMember jd:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeMember us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember jd:VestingBasedOnPerformanceMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:RestrictedStockAndStockOptionMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:SeriesAPreferredStockMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:UnsecuredSeniorNotesDue2026Member us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:UnsecuredSeniorNotesDue2021Member us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:TopInvesteeOneMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:TopInvesteeTwoMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:ChinaUnitedNetworkCommunicationsLimitedMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember us-gaap:EquitySecuritiesMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember us-gaap:EquitySecuritiesMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:TermAndRevolvingCreditFacilitiesMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:CommonClassAMember srt:ParentCompanyMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:CommonClassBMember srt:ParentCompanyMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:CommonClassBMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:CommonClassAMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:TuniuCorporationMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:DadaNexusLimitedMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:AihuishouGroupOneMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:MajorRelatedPartiesMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:CoreFundMember us-gaap:LoansMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:CoreFundMember jd:OtherReceivablesFromMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:TencentAndItsSubsidiariesMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:JdFinanceMember us-gaap:LoansMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:OtherRelatedPartyTransactionMember jd:JdFinanceMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:ShareIncentivePlanMember jd:FounderMember jd:ShareOptionsMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:JdLogisticsPlanMember jd:ShareOptionsMember jd:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:RelatedPartiesOtherThanMajorRelatedPartiesMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:BankTimeDepositsMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:BitautoHoldingsLimitedMember jd:TrafficSupportMarketingAndPromotionServicesProvidedToRelatedPartiesMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:TrafficSupportMarketingAndPromotionServicesProvidedToRelatedPartiesMember jd:TuniuCorporationMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:TrafficSupportMarketingAndPromotionServicesProvidedToRelatedPartiesMember jd:DadaNexusLimitedMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:DadaNexusLimitedMember jd:NonCompeteAgreementsRelatedPartiesMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:DadaNexusLimitedMember us-gaap:WarrantMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:JdFinanceMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:SeriesAPreferredStockMember jd:JdHealthMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:JdFinanceMember jd:FinancingReceivablesPastDueOverCertainAgreedPeriodOfTimeMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:ProductMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:ServiceMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:OtherNonoperatingIncomeExpenseMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:ShippingAndHandlingMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:JdFinanceMember us-gaap:DiscontinuedOperationsHeldforsaleMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:YonghuiSuperstoresCoLtdMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:StrategicCooperationMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:NoncompeteAgreementsMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:DomainNamesAndTrademarkMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:TechnologyAndOthersIntangibleAssetsMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:NonrecourseSecuritizationDebtMember jd:JdFinanceMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:LoansReceivableMember jd:JdFinanceMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:BankDepositsWealthManagementProductsAndOtherInvestmentsMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:CostOfSalesMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:FulfillmentMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:SellingAndMarketingExpenseMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:ResearchAndDevelopmentExpenseMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:GeneralAndAdministrativeExpenseMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:ShareIncentivePlanMember jd:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeMember us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember jd:VestingBasedOnServiceMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:ShareIncentivePlanMember jd:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeMember jd:ShareOptionsMember jd:VestingBasedOnServiceMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:NonVestedOrdinarySharesRestrictedStockUnitsAndStockOptionsMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:LexinfintechHoldingsLtdMember jd:ServicesProvidedAndProductsSoldMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:TencentAndItsSubsidiariesMember jd:CommissionServiceRevenueFromCooperationOnAdvertisingBusinessMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:TencentAndItsSubsidiariesMember jd:ServicesProvidedAndProductsSoldMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:DadaNexusLimitedMember jd:ServicesProvidedAndProductsSoldMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:TrafficSupportMarketingAndPromotionServicesProvidedToRelatedPartiesMember jd:BitautoHoldingsLimitedMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:TrafficSupportMarketingAndPromotionServicesProvidedToRelatedPartiesMember jd:TuniuCorporationMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:ServicesProvidedAndProductsSoldMember jd:JdFinanceMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:InternetDataCentreServiceAgreementsMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 srt:ParentCompanyMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:JdRetailMember us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:NewBusinessMember us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:IntersegmentEliminationMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:CorporateNonSegmentMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:ServicesReceivedAndPurchasesMember jd:TencentAndItsSubsidiariesMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:ServicesReceivedMember jd:DadaNexusLimitedMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:PaymentProcessingAndOtherServicesReceivedMember jd:JdFinanceMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:NonrecourseSecuritizationDebtMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:UnsecuredSeniorNotesAndBankBorrowingsMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:WealthManagementProductMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:VariableInterestEntityPrimaryBeneficiaryAggregatedDisclosureMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:ElectronicsAndHomeApplianceProductsMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:GeneralMerchandiseProductsMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:OnlineMarketplaceAndMarketingServicesMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:LogisticsAndOtherServicesMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:AccumulatedNetUnrealizedInvestmentGainLossMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:ShareIncentivePlanMember jd:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeMember us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember jd:VestingBasedOnPerformanceMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:NonCompeteAgreementsRelatedPartiesMember jd:DadaNexusLimitedMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:LoansMember jd:JdFinanceMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:RelatedPartiesOtherThanMajorRelatedPartiesMember us-gaap:SalesRevenueNetMember jd:RelatedPartiesConcentrationRiskMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:RelatedPartiesOtherThanMajorRelatedPartiesMember us-gaap:OperatingExpenseMember jd:RelatedPartiesConcentrationRiskMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:JdRetailMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:ShareIncentivePlanMember jd:ShareOptionsMember jd:FounderMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:OtherNonoperatingIncomeExpenseMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsNonrecurringMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:SharesOfResultsOfEquityInvesteesMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:StatutoryReservesMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:VipshopHoldingsLtdMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:ChinaUnitedNetworkCommunicationsLimitedMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:FarfetchcomLimitedMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:AmericanDepositaryShareMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:ProductMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:ServiceMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:OtherNonoperatingIncomeExpenseMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:ShippingAndHandlingMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:YonghuiSuperstoresCoLtdMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:DomainNamesAndTrademarkMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:TechnologyAndOthersIntangibleAssetsMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:StrategicCooperationMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:NoncompeteAgreementsMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:NonrecourseSecuritizationDebtMember jd:JdFinanceMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:LoansReceivableMember jd:JdFinanceMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:BankDepositsWealthManagementProductsAndOtherInvestmentsMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:CostOfSalesMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:FulfillmentMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:SellingAndMarketingExpenseMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:ResearchAndDevelopmentExpenseMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:GeneralAndAdministrativeExpenseMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:ShareIncentivePlanMember jd:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeMember us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember jd:VestingBasedOnServiceMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:ShareIncentivePlanMember jd:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeMember jd:ShareOptionsMember jd:VestingBasedOnServiceMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:NonVestedOrdinarySharesRestrictedStockUnitsAndStockOptionsMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:TencentAndItsSubsidiariesMember jd:CommissionServiceRevenueFromCooperationOnAdvertisingBusinessMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:TencentAndItsSubsidiariesMember jd:ServicesProvidedAndProductsSoldMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:DadaNexusLimitedMember jd:ServicesProvidedAndProductsSoldMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:AihuishouGroupMember jd:ServicesProvidedAndProductsSoldMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:TrafficSupportMarketingAndPromotionServicesProvidedToRelatedPartiesMember jd:BitautoHoldingsLimitedMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:TrafficSupportMarketingAndPromotionServicesProvidedToRelatedPartiesMember jd:TuniuCorporationMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:ServicesProvidedAndProductsSoldMember jd:JdFinanceMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:InternetDataCentreServiceAgreementsMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 srt:ParentCompanyMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:JdRetailMember us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:NewBusinessMember us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:IntersegmentEliminationMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:CorporateNonSegmentMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:ServicesReceivedAndPurchasesMember jd:TencentAndItsSubsidiariesMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:ServicesReceivedMember jd:DadaNexusLimitedMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:PaymentProcessingAndOtherServicesReceivedMember jd:JdFinanceMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:SeriesAPreferredStockMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:VestingBasedOnPerformanceMember us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember jd:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeMember jd:ShareIncentivePlanMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:NonrecourseSecuritizationDebtMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:UnsecuredSeniorNotesAndBankBorrowingsMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:ConsumerFinancingReceivableMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:WealthManagementProductMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:VariableInterestEntityPrimaryBeneficiaryAggregatedDisclosureMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:ElectronicsAndHomeApplianceProductsMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:GeneralMerchandiseProductsMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:OnlineMarketplaceAndMarketingServicesMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:LogisticsAndOtherServicesMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:JdFinanceMember us-gaap:DiscontinuedOperationsHeldforsaleMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:AccumulatedNetUnrealizedInvestmentGainLossMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeMember jd:JdLogisticsPlanMember jd:ShareOptionsMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:NonCompeteAgreementsRelatedPartiesMember jd:DadaNexusLimitedMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:LoansMember jd:JdFinanceMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:RelatedPartiesOtherThanMajorRelatedPartiesMember us-gaap:SalesRevenueNetMember jd:RelatedPartiesConcentrationRiskMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:RelatedPartiesOtherThanMajorRelatedPartiesMember us-gaap:OperatingExpenseMember jd:RelatedPartiesConcentrationRiskMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:AmericanDepositaryShareMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:JdRetailMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:ShareIncentivePlanMember jd:ShareOptionsMember jd:FounderMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:OtherNonoperatingIncomeExpenseMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsNonrecurringMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 country:CN jd:BeijingJingdongShangkeInformationTechnologyCompanyLimitedMember jd:SoftwareEnterpriseMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:SharesOfResultsOfEquityInvesteesMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:StatutoryReservesMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:EsrCaymanLimitedMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:ProductMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:ServiceMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:DadaNexusLimitedMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:OfficeEquipmentMember srt:MinimumMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:OfficeEquipmentMember srt:MaximumMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:FurnitureAndFixturesMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:VehiclesMember srt:MinimumMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:VehiclesMember srt:MaximumMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:LogisticAndWarehouseAndOtherHeavyEquipmentMember srt:MinimumMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:LogisticAndWarehouseAndOtherHeavyEquipmentMember srt:MaximumMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:SoftwareAndSoftwareDevelopmentCostsMember srt:MinimumMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:SoftwareAndSoftwareDevelopmentCostsMember srt:MaximumMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:BuildingMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:BuildingImprovementsMember srt:MinimumMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:BuildingImprovementsMember srt:MaximumMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 srt:MinimumMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 srt:MaximumMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:StrategicCooperationMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:NoncompeteAgreementsMember srt:MinimumMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:NoncompeteAgreementsMember srt:MaximumMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:DomainNamesAndTrademarkMember srt:MinimumMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:DomainNamesAndTrademarkMember srt:MaximumMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:TechnologyAndOthersMember srt:MinimumMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:TechnologyAndOthersMember srt:MaximumMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:OtherNonoperatingIncomeExpenseMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:ShippingAndHandlingMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 country:CN jd:GeneralReserveFundMember jd:ForeignInvestedEnterpriseMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:DiscontinuedOperationsHeldforsaleMember jd:JdFinanceMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:YonghuiSuperstoresCoLtdMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:DomainNamesAndTrademarkMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:TechnologyAndOthersIntangibleAssetsMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:NoncompeteAgreementsMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:NonrecourseSecuritizationDebtMember jd:JdFinanceMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:LoansReceivableMember jd:JdFinanceMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:BankDepositsWealthManagementProductsAndOtherInvestmentsMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:JingdongExpressMember us-gaap:SeriesAPreferredStockMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:JingdongExpressMember us-gaap:SeriesAPreferredStockMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:CostOfSalesMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:FulfillmentMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:SellingAndMarketingExpenseMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:ResearchAndDevelopmentExpenseMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:GeneralAndAdministrativeExpenseMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:ShareIncentivePlanMember jd:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeMember us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember jd:VestingBasedOnServiceMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:ShareIncentivePlanMember jd:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeMember jd:ShareOptionsMember jd:VestingBasedOnServiceMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:NonVestedOrdinarySharesRestrictedStockUnitsAndStockOptionsMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:TencentAndItsSubsidiariesMember jd:CommissionServiceRevenueFromCooperationOnAdvertisingBusinessMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:TencentAndItsSubsidiariesMember jd:ServicesProvidedAndProductsSoldMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:DadaNexusLimitedMember jd:ServicesProvidedAndProductsSoldMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:AihuishouGroupMember jd:ServicesProvidedAndProductsSoldMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:TrafficSupportMarketingAndPromotionServicesProvidedToRelatedPartiesMember jd:BitautoHoldingsLimitedMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:TrafficSupportMarketingAndPromotionServicesProvidedToRelatedPartiesMember jd:TuniuCorporationMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:ServicesProvidedAndProductsSoldMember jd:JdFinanceMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:InternetDataCentreServiceAgreementsMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 srt:ParentCompanyMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:JdRetailMember us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:NewBusinessMember us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:IntersegmentEliminationMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:CorporateNonSegmentMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:ServicesReceivedAndPurchasesMember jd:TencentAndItsSubsidiariesMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:ServicesReceivedMember jd:DadaNexusLimitedMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:PaymentProcessingAndOtherServicesReceivedMember jd:JdFinanceMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:LeaseAndPropertyManagementServicesReceivedMember jd:CoreFundMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:AihuishouGroupOneMember jd:ServicesReceivedMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:ShareBasedCompensationAwardTenYearsMember jd:ShareIncentivePlanMember jd:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeMember jd:RsusAndShareOptionsMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:ShareBasedCompensationAwardTwoYearsMember jd:ShareIncentivePlanMember jd:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeMember jd:RsusAndShareOptionsMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:SharebasedCompensationawardThreeYearsMember jd:ShareIncentivePlanMember jd:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeMember jd:RsusAndShareOptionsMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:ShareBasedCompensationAwardFourYearsMember jd:ShareIncentivePlanMember jd:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeMember jd:RsusAndShareOptionsMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:ShareBasedCompensationAwardFiveYearsMember jd:ShareIncentivePlanMember jd:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeMember jd:RsusAndShareOptionsMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:ShareBasedcompensationAwardSixYearsMember jd:ShareIncentivePlanMember jd:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeMember jd:RsusAndShareOptionsMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeMember jd:ShareIncentivePlanMember jd:MultipleTranchesWithTieredVestingCommencementDatesFrom2016To2025Member 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 country:CN jd:LogisticsSupportServicesMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 country:CN jd:OnlineAdvertisingAndOtherServicesMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:NonrecourseSecuritizationDebtMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:UnsecuredSeniorNotesAndBankBorrowingsMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:ConsumerFinancingReceivableMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:WealthManagementProductMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:VestingBasedOnServiceMember jd:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:VestingBasedOnPerformanceMember jd:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:BitautoHoldingsLimitedMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:TuniuCorporationMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:YixinGroupLimitedMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:JiangsuFiveStarMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:VariableInterestEntityPrimaryBeneficiaryAggregatedDisclosureMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:ElectronicsAndHomeApplianceProductsMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:GeneralMerchandiseProductsMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:OnlineMarketplaceAndMarketingServicesMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:LogisticsAndOtherServicesMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 country:CN jd:StatutorySurplusReserveMember jd:DomesticEnterpriseMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:SeriesAPreferredStockMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:AccumulatedNetUnrealizedInvestmentGainLossMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:ShareIncentivePlanMember jd:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeMember us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember jd:VestingBasedOnPerformanceMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:JdLogisticsPlanMember jd:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeMember jd:ShareOptionsMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:NonCompeteAgreementsRelatedPartiesMember jd:DadaNexusLimitedMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:LoansMember jd:JdFinanceMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:LoansMember jd:CoreFundMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:RelatedPartiesOtherThanMajorRelatedPartiesMember us-gaap:SalesRevenueNetMember jd:RelatedPartiesConcentrationRiskMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:RelatedPartiesOtherThanMajorRelatedPartiesMember us-gaap:OperatingExpenseMember jd:RelatedPartiesConcentrationRiskMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:AmericanDepositaryShareMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 country:ID 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 country:HK jd:ProfitAboveTwoMillionHonKongDollarMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:ProfitBelowTwoMillionHongKongDollarMember country:HK 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 country:CN 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 country:CN 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:TermAndRevolvingCreditFacilitiesMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:SoftwareEnterpriseMember jd:BeijingJingdongShangkeInformationTechnologyCompanyLimitedMember country:CN 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:ShareIncentivePlanMember jd:ShareOptionsMember jd:FounderMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:OtherNonoperatingIncomeExpenseMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsNonrecurringMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:PreferredStockMember jd:DadaNexusLimitedMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:JiangsuFiveStarApplianceCoLtdMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 country:CN jd:SubsidiariesLocatedInSpecifiedMunicipalitiesOrProvisionsMember jd:EncouragedIndustryInWesternRegionOfChinaMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 country:CN jd:HighAndNewTechnologyEnterprisesMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 country:CN jd:BeijingJingdongShangkeInformationTechnologyCompanyLimitedMember jd:HighAndNewTechnologyEnterprisesMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:SharesOfResultsOfEquityInvesteesMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:StatutoryReservesMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:CommonClassAMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 dei:AdrMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 dei:BusinessContactMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:JdLogisticsPropertiesCoreFundLPMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:VariableInterestEntityPrimaryBeneficiaryAggregatedDisclosureNonRecourseMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:VariableInterestEntityPrimaryBeneficiaryAggregatedDisclosureMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:TradeAccountsReceivableMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:LoansReceivableMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:MoneyMarketFundsMember us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:MoneyMarketFundsMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:CurrencyConvertibilityConcentrationRiskMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:WealthManagementProductMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:BitautoHoldingsLimitedMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:YixinGroupLimitedMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:YonghuiSuperstoresCoLtdMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:DadaNexusLimitedMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:TuniuCorporationMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:ProductSalesAndOnlineMarketplaceReceivablesMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:LogisticsSupportServicesMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:AdvertisingReceivablesMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:OfficeEquipmentMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:BuildingAndBuildingImprovementsMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:LogisticAndWarehouseAndOtherHeavyEquipmentMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:VehiclesMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:LeaseholdImprovementsMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:FurnitureAndFixturesMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:SoftwareAndSoftwareDevelopmentCostsMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:ProductMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:PackingAndOtherMaterialsMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:ShareIncentivePlanMember jd:ShareOptionsMember jd:VestingBasedOnServiceMember jd:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:TermAndRevolvingCreditFacilitiesMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 srt:ParentCompanyMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:ShortTermDebtMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:TechnologyAndOthersIntangibleAssetsMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:DomainNamesAndTrademarkMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:NoncompeteAgreementsMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:StrategicCooperationMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:TrafficSupportMarketingAndPromotionServicesProvidedToRelatedPartiesMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:OtherNoncurrentAssetsMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:WealthManagementProductMember us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:WealthManagementProductMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:JdFinanceMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:RestrictedStockAndStockOptionMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:UnsecuredSeniorNotesDue2026Member us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:UnsecuredSeniorNotesDue2021Member us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:ChinaUnitedNetworkCommunicationsLimitedMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:VipshopHoldingsLtdMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:EquitySecuritiesMember us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:EquitySecuritiesMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:CommonClassAMember srt:ParentCompanyMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 srt:ParentCompanyMember us-gaap:CommonClassBMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:CommonClassAMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:CommonClassBMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:LexinfintechHoldingsLtdMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:TuniuCorporationMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:DadaNexusLimitedMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:MajorRelatedPartiesMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:TencentAndItsSubsidiariesMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:JdFinanceMember us-gaap:LoansMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:OtherRelatedPartyTransactionMember jd:JdFinanceMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:RelatedPartiesOtherThanMajorRelatedPartiesMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:BankTimeDepositsMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:BitautoHoldingsLimitedMember jd:TrafficSupportMarketingAndPromotionServicesProvidedToRelatedPartiesMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:TrafficSupportMarketingAndPromotionServicesProvidedToRelatedPartiesMember jd:TuniuCorporationMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:TrafficSupportMarketingAndPromotionServicesProvidedToRelatedPartiesMember jd:DadaNexusLimitedMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:DadaNexusLimitedMember jd:NonCompeteAgreementsRelatedPartiesMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:JdFinanceMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:JdFinanceMember jd:FinancingReceivablesPastDueOverCertainAgreedPeriodOfTimeMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:FarfetchcomLimitedMember 2018-09-21 2018-09-21 0001549802 jd:JdFinanceMember us-gaap:DiscontinuedOperationsHeldforsaleMember 2017-01-01 2017-06-30 0001549802 jd:YonghuiSuperstoresCoLtdMember 2016-08-11 0001549802 jd:YonghuiSuperstoresCoLtdMember 2018-05-22 0001549802 jd:YonghuiSuperstoresCoLtdMember 2018-05-23 2018-05-23 0001549802 jd:YonghuiSuperstoresCoLtdMember 2018-05-23 0001549802 jd:ShareIncentivePlanMember jd:ShareOptionsMember jd:VestingBasedOnServiceMember jd:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeMember 2016-12-31 0001549802 jd:BitautoHoldingsLimitedMember 2015-02-16 2015-02-16 0001549802 jd:BitautoHoldingsLimitedMember 2015-02-16 0001549802 jd:BitautoHoldingsLimitedMember 2016-06-17 2016-06-17 0001549802 us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2016-04-01 2016-04-30 0001549802 jd:DadaNexusLimitedMember jd:SupplyChainSupportMember 2016-04-01 2016-04-30 0001549802 jd:DadaNexusLimitedMember jd:TrafficAndOtherAdditionalSupportMember 2016-04-01 2016-04-30 0001549802 jd:DadaNexusLimitedMember us-gaap:NoncompeteAgreementsMember 2016-04-01 2016-04-30 0001549802 jd:DadaNexusLimitedMember 2016-04-01 2016-04-30 0001549802 us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember jd:UnsecuredSeniorNotesDue2026Member 2016-04-30 0001549802 us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember jd:UnsecuredSeniorNotesDue2021Member 2016-04-30 0001549802 us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2016-04-30 0001549802 jd:DadaNexusLimitedMember 2016-04-30 0001549802 us-gaap:CommonStockMember jd:DadaNexusLimitedMember 2016-04-30 0001549802 jd:DadaNexusLimitedMember us-gaap:PreferredStockMember 2016-04-30 0001549802 jd:DadaNexusLimitedMember us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2016-04-26 0001549802 jd:DadaNexusLimitedMember us-gaap:PreferredStockMember 2016-04-26 0001549802 jd:DadaNexusLimitedMember us-gaap:WarrantMember 2016-04-26 0001549802 jd:DadaNexusLimitedMember 2016-04-26 0001549802 jd:DadaNexusLimitedMember us-gaap:PreferredStockMember 2017-12-28 0001549802 jd:DadaNexusLimitedMember us-gaap:PreferredStockMember 2018-08-09 2018-08-09 0001549802 jd:TuniuCorporationMember 2014-12-01 2014-12-31 0001549802 jd:TuniuCorporationMember 2014-12-31 0001549802 jd:TuniuCorporationMember 2015-05-22 2015-05-22 0001549802 jd:TuniuCorporationMember 2015-05-22 0001549802 us-gaap:PreferredStockMember jd:YixinGroupLimitedMember 2015-02-28 0001549802 us-gaap:PreferredStockMember jd:YixinGroupLimitedMember 2016-08-31 0001549802 jd:YixinGroupLimitedMember 2017-11-16 0001549802 country:CN jd:SalesOfAudioVideoProductsAndBooksMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0001549802 jd:SalesOfOtherProductsMember country:CN 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0001549802 country:CN jd:LogisticsSupportServicesMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0001549802 jd:BitautoHoldingsLimitedMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0001549802 country:CN jd:SalesOfAudioVideoProductsAndBooksMember 2019-04-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:SalesOfOtherProductsMember country:CN 2019-04-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 country:CN jd:LogisticsSupportServicesMember 2019-04-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 country:CN 2016-01-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 country:CN 2018-01-01 2020-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:CommonStockMember jd:HuangRiverInvestmentLimitedMember jd:TransactionWithTencentHoldingsLimitedMember 2014-03-01 2014-03-31 0001549802 us-gaap:CommonClassAMember us-gaap:IPOMember 2014-05-01 2014-05-31 0001549802 us-gaap:CommonClassAMember jd:HuangRiverInvestmentLimitedMember us-gaap:PrivatePlacementMember 2014-05-01 2014-05-31 0001549802 us-gaap:CommonClassAMember jd:NewheightHoldingsLtdMember jd:TransactionWithWalmartMember 2016-06-01 2016-06-30 0001549802 jd:GoogleLLCMember us-gaap:CommonClassAMember 2018-06-01 2018-06-30 0001549802 jd:TermAndRevolvingCreditFacilitiesMember 2018-06-01 2018-06-30 0001549802 jd:AmericanDepositaryShareMember 2015-09-01 2015-09-30 0001549802 jd:AmericanDepositaryShareMember 2015-09-30 0001549802 jd:ShareIncentivePlanMember jd:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeMember jd:ShareOptionsMember jd:VestingBasedOnServiceMember 2016-01-01 2016-12-31 0001549802 jd:AmericanDepositaryShareMember 2016-01-01 2016-12-31 0001549802 jd:FounderMember jd:ShareIncentivePlanMember jd:ShareOptionsMember 2015-05-01 2015-05-31 0001549802 jd:ShareIncentivePlanMember jd:ShareOptionsMember jd:FounderMember us-gaap:CommonClassAMember 2015-05-01 2015-05-31 0001549802 jd:ShareIncentivePlanMember jd:ShareOptionsMember jd:FounderMember jd:AmericanDepositaryShareMember 2015-05-01 2015-05-31 0001549802 jd:ShareIncentivePlanMember jd:ShareOptionsMember jd:FounderMember jd:VestingFrequencyEachAnniversaryMember 2015-05-01 2015-05-31 0001549802 jd:YixinGroupMember 2017-10-27 0001549802 jd:TermAndRevolvingCreditFacilitiesMember 2017-12-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:LondonInterbankOfferedRateLIBORMember 2017-12-01 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:AmericanDepositaryShareMember 2018-12-01 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:SeriesAPreferredStockMember jd:JdHealthMember 2019-05-31 0001549802 us-gaap:CommonClassAMember jd:HuangRiverInvestmentLimitedMember 2019-05-01 2019-05-31 0001549802 country:CN jd:ValueAddedTaxMember 2019-07-01 2024-12-31 0001549802 srt:RestatementAdjustmentMember us-gaap:AccountingStandardsUpdate201618Member 2019-01-01 0001549802 jd:JdLogisticsPropertiesCoreFundLPMember 2019-02-28 0001549802 jd:JdLogisticsPropertiesCoreFundLPMember us-gaap:GeneralPartnerMember 2019-02-28 0001549802 jd:JdLogisticsPropertiesCoreFundLPMember jd:GicMember 2019-02-28 0001549802 srt:MinimumMember 2019-02-27 0001549802 srt:MaximumMember 2019-02-27 0001549802 jd:AihuishouInternationalCoLtdMember 2019-06-30 0001549802 jd:AihuishouInternationalCoLtdMember 2019-06-01 2019-06-30 0001549802 jd:TuniuCorporationMember 2019-04-01 2019-06-30 0001549802 jd:JiangsuFiveStarApplianceCoLtdMember 2019-04-01 2019-04-30 0001549802 jd:JiangsuFiveStarApplianceCoLtdMember 2019-04-30 0001549802 jd:JiangsuFiveStarApplianceCoLtdMember 2019-04-29 0001549802 jd:TransactionWithTencentHoldingsLimitedMember us-gaap:CommonClassAMember 2019-05-10 2019-05-10 0001549802 jd:UnsecuredSeniorNotesDue2050Member us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember 2020-01-01 0001549802 jd:UnsecuredSeniorNotesMember us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember 2020-01-01 0001549802 jd:UnsecuredSeniorNotesDue2030Member us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember 2020-01-01 0001549802 us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2020-01-01 2020-01-01 0001549802 jd:SalesOfAudioVideoProductsAndBooksMember country:CN 2017-07-01 2017-07-31 0001549802 jd:SalesOfAudioVideoProductsAndBooksMember country:CN 2017-07-01 2018-04-30 0001549802 country:CN jd:LogisticsSupportServicesMember 2018-05-01 2019-03-31 0001549802 country:CN jd:LogisticsSupportServicesMember 2018-05-01 2018-05-31 0001549802 jd:VipshopHoldingsLtdMember 2018-01-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:TuniuCorporationMember 2019-10-01 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember jd:BeijingJingdongCenturyTradeCompanyLimitedMember jd:PrivatePlacementNotesMember 2020-03-31 0001549802 us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember jd:BeijingJingdongCenturyTradeCompanyLimitedMember jd:TwoPointSevenFivePercentPrivatePlacementNotesDue2020Member 2020-03-31 0001549802 jd:TwentyTwentyShareRepurchaseProgramMember jd:ADSMember us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember 2020-03-31 0001549802 jd:TwentyTwentyShareRepurchaseProgramMember jd:ADSMember us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember 2020-03-31 2020-03-31 0001549802 jd:EsrCaymanLimitedMember 2019-11-01 2019-11-01 0001549802 us-gaap:AccountingStandardsUpdate201409Member us-gaap:DifferenceBetweenRevenueGuidanceInEffectBeforeAndAfterTopic606Member 2018-01-01 0001549802 us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember jd:BeijingJingdongCenturyTradeCompanyLimitedMember jd:TwoPointSixFivePercentPrivatePlacementNotesDue2020Member 2020-02-29 0001549802 us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember jd:BeijingJingdongCenturyTradeCompanyLimitedMember jd:TwoPointSixFivePercentPrivatePlacementNotesDue2020Member 2020-02-01 2020-02-29 0001549802 us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember jd:BeijingJingdongCenturyTradeCompanyLimitedMember jd:TwoPointSevenFivePercentPrivatePlacementNotesDue2020Member 2020-03-01 2020-03-31 0001549802 jd:TermAndRevolvingCreditFacilitiesMember us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember 2020-04-30 0001549802 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2016-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember 2016-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2016-12-31 0001549802 jd:StatutoryReservesMember 2016-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2016-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2016-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember 2016-12-31 0001549802 jd:JdRetailMember 2016-12-31 0001549802 jd:NewBusinessMember 2016-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember 2016-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:AccumulatedNetUnrealizedInvestmentGainLossMember 2016-12-31 0001549802 jd:ShareIncentivePlanMember jd:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeMember us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember jd:VestingBasedOnPerformanceMember 2016-12-31 0001549802 jd:VestingBasedOnServiceMember us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember jd:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeMember jd:ShareIncentivePlanMember 2016-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:AccumulatedNetUnrealizedInvestmentGainLossMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:VestingBasedOnServiceMember us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember jd:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeMember jd:ShareIncentivePlanMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:ShareIncentivePlanMember jd:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeMember us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember jd:VestingBasedOnPerformanceMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:ShareIncentivePlanMember jd:NonemployeesMember us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember jd:VestingBasedOnServiceMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:ShareIncentivePlanMember jd:NonemployeesMember jd:VestingBasedOnServiceMember jd:ShareOptionsMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:JdRetailMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:NewBusinessMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 srt:ParentCompanyMember 2016-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:VariableInterestEntityPrimaryBeneficiaryAggregatedDisclosureMember 2016-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 jd:StatutoryReservesMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember 2017-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:SeriesAPreferredStockMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:VestingBasedOnServiceMember us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember jd:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeMember jd:ShareIncentivePlanMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:ShareIncentivePlanMember jd:NonemployeesMember us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember jd:VestingBasedOnServiceMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:ShareIncentivePlanMember jd:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeMember us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember jd:VestingBasedOnPerformanceMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:ShareIncentivePlanMember jd:ShareOptionsMember jd:VestingBasedOnServiceMember jd:NonemployeesMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:JdRetailMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:NewBusinessMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 jd:StatutoryReservesMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember 2018-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:AccumulatedNetUnrealizedInvestmentGainLossMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:ShareIncentivePlanMember jd:NonemployeesMember us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember jd:VestingBasedOnServiceMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:ShareIncentivePlanMember jd:ShareOptionsMember jd:VestingBasedOnServiceMember jd:NonemployeesMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:JdRetailMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:NewBusinessMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 jd:StatutoryReservesMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2019-12-31 0001549802 us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember 2019-12-31 iso4217:CNY iso4217:USD xbrli:shares xbrli:pure iso4217:CNY xbrli:shares iso4217:USD xbrli:shares jd:item jd:lease jd:segment jd:Vote jd:individual
Table of Contents
 
 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
 
FORM
 
20-F
 
(Mark One)
REGISTRATION STATEMENT PURSUANT TO SECTION 12(b) OR 12(g) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
OR
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 For the fiscal year ended
December 31, 2019
.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
For the transition period from
                    
to
                    
OR
SHELL COMPANY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Date of event requiring this shell company report
Commission file number:
001-36450
 
JD.com, Inc.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)
 
N/A
(Translation of Registrant’s Name
into English)
 
Cayman Islands
(Jurisdiction of Incorporation or Organization)
 
20th Floor, Building A
,
No. 18 Kechuang 11 Street
Yizhuang Economic and Technological Development Zone
Daxing District
, Beijing
101111
People’s Republic of
China
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)
Sidney Xuande Huang
, Chief Financial Officer
Telephone: +
86 10
8911-8888
Email: ir@jd.com
20th Floor, Building A
,
No. 18 Kechuang 11 Street
Yizhuang Economic and Technological Development Zone
Daxing District
, Beijing
101111
People’s Republic of
China
(Name, Telephone, E-mail and/or Facsimile Number and Address of Company Contact Person)
Securities registered or to be registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
         
Title of Each Class
 
Trading Symbol
 
Name of Each Exchange On Which Registered
American depositary shares (one American depositary
share representing two Class A ordinary shares, par value
US$0.00002 per share)
Class A ordinary shares, par value
US$0.00002 per share*
 
JD
 
The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC
(The N
asdaq
 Global Select Market)
The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC
(The N
asdaq
Global Select Market)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
*
Not for trading, but only in connection with the listing on The N
asdaq
 Global Select Market of American depositary shares.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Securities registered or to be registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
None
(Title of Class)
Securities for which there is a reporting obligation pursuant to Section 15(d) of the Act:
None
(Title of Class)
 
Indicate the number of outstanding shares of each of the issuer’s classes of capital or common stock as of the close of the period covered by the annual report:
     
 
2,483,366,264
Class A ordinary shares (excluding the 36,904,874 Class A ordinary shares issued to the depositary bank for bulk issuance of ADSs reserved for future issuances upon the exercise or vesting of awards granted under the Share Incentive Plan) and
453,672,011
Class B ordinary shares, par value US$
0.00002
per share, as of December 31, 2019.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    
  
Yes
    
  No
If this report is an annual or transition report, indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.    
  Yes    
  
No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    
  
Yes
    
  No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation
S-T
(§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    
  
Yes
    
  No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a
non-accelerated
filer, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule
12b-2
of the Exchange Act.
             
Large accelerated filer
 
 
Accelerated filer
 
             
Non-accelerated
 filer
 
 
Emerging growth company
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
If an emerging growth company that prepares its financial statements in accordance with U.S. GAAP, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards † provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  
The term “new or revised financial accounting standard” refers to any update issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board to its Accounting Standards Codification after April 5, 2012.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Indicate by check mark which basis of accounting the registrant has used to prepare the financial statements included in this filing:
         
U.S. GAAP
  
 
International Financial Reporting Standards as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board  
 
Other  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
If “Other” has been checked in response to the previous question, indicate by check mark which financial statement item the registrant has elected to follow.    
  Item 17    
  Item 18
If this is an annual report, indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule
 12b-2
of the Exchange Act).    
  Yes    
  No
(APPLICABLE ONLY TO ISSUERS INVOLVED IN BANKRUPTCY PROCEEDINGS DURING THE PAST FIVE YEARS)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed all documents and reports required to be filed by Sections 12, 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 subsequent to the distribution of securities under a plan confirmed by a court.    
  Yes    
  No
 
 
 

Table of Contents
TABLE OF CONTENTS
             
 
 
1
 
 
 
1
 
 
 
3
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
3
 
Item 2.
 
 
 
3
 
Item 3.
 
 
 
3
 
Item 4.
 
 
 
56
 
Item 4A.
 
 
 
97
 
Item 5.
 
 
 
98
 
Item 6.
 
 
 
120
 
Item 7.
 
 
 
130
 
Item 8.
 
 
 
136
 
Item 9.
 
 
 
138
 
Item 10.
 
 
 
138
 
Item 11.
 
 
 
150
 
Item 12.
 
 
 
151
 
 
 
153
 
Item 13.
 
 
 
153
 
Item 14.
 
 
 
153
 
Item 15.
 
 
 
153
 
Item 16A.
 
 
 
154
 
Item 16B.
 
 
 
154
 
Item 16C.
 
 
 
154
 
Item 16D.
 
 
 
154
 
Item 16E.
 
 
 
155
 
Item 16F.
 
 
 
155
 
Item 16G.
 
 
 
156
 
Item 16H.
 
 
 
156
 
 
 
157
 
Item 17.
 
 
 
157
 
Item 18.
 
 
 
157
 
Item 19.
 
 
 
157
 
 
 
163
 
i

Table of Contents
INTRODUCTION
Unless otherwise indicated or the context otherwise requires, references in this annual report to:
  “ADSs” are to our American depositary shares, each of which represents two Class A ordinary shares;
 
 
  “annual active customer accounts” are to customer accounts that made at least one purchase during the twelve months ended on the respective dates, including both online retail and online marketplace;
 
 
  “China” or the “PRC” are to the People’s Republic of China, excluding, for the purposes of this annual report only, Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan;
 
 
  “ordinary shares” are to our Class A and Class B ordinary shares, par value US$0.00002 per share; and
 
 
  “we,” “us,” “our company” and “our” are to JD.com, Inc., its subsidiaries and its consolidated variable interest entities and their subsidiaries.
 
 
FORWARD-LOOKING INFORMATION
This annual report on Form
20-F
contains forward-looking statements that reflect our current expectations and views of future events. These statements are made under the “safe harbor” provisions of the U.S. Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. You can identify these forward-looking statements by terminology such as “may,” “will,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “aim,” “estimate,” “intend,” “plan,” “believe,” “is/are likely to,” “potential,” “continue” or other similar expressions. We have based these forward-looking statements largely on our current expectations and projections about future events and financial trends that we believe may affect our financial condition, results of operations, business strategy and financial needs. These forward-looking statements include statements relating to, among other things:
  our goals and strategies;
 
 
  our future business development, financial conditions and results of operations;
 
 
  the expected growth of the retail and online retail markets in China;
 
 
  our expectations regarding demand for and market acceptance of our products and services;
 
 
  our expectations regarding our relationships with customers, suppliers and third-party merchants;
 
 
  our plans to invest in our fulfillment infrastructure and technology platform as well as new business initiatives;
 
 
  competition in our industry; and
 
 
  relevant government policies and regulations relating to our industry.
 
 
 
 
 
 
1

Table of Contents
We would like to caution you not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements and you should read these statements in conjunction with the risk factors disclosed in “Item 3.D. Key Information—Risk Factors.” Those risks are not exhaustive. We operate in an evolving environment. New risks emerge from time to time and it is impossible for our management to predict all risk factors, nor can we assess the impact of all factors on our business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ from those contained in any forward-looking statement. We do not undertake any obligation to update or revise the forward-looking statements except as required under applicable law. You should read this annual report and the documents that we reference in this annual report completely and with the understanding that our actual future results may be materially different from what we expect.
Our reporting currency is Renminbi, or RMB. Unless otherwise noted, all translations from RMB to U.S. dollars in this annual report are made at a rate of RMB6.9618 to US$1.00, the exchange rate in effect as of December 31, 2019 as set forth in the H.10 statistical release of The Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System. We make no representation that any RMB amounts could have been, or could be, converted into U.S. dollars, as the case may be, at any particular rate, or at all.
2

Table of Contents
PART I
Item 1.
Identity of Directors, Senior Management and Advisers
 
 
 
 
 
Not applicable.
Item 2.
Offer Statistics and Expected Timetable
 
 
 
 
 
Not applicable.
Item 3.
Key Information
 
 
 
 
 
A.     
Selected Financial Data
The following table presents the selected consolidated financial information of our company. As of June 30, 2017, we deconsolidated our finance business operated by Beijing Jingdong Financial Technology Holding Co., Ltd. (now known as Beijing Jingdong Digital Technology Co., Ltd., or JD Digits), as a result of the reorganization of JD Digits. Accordingly, the historical financial results of JD Digits are reflected as discontinued operations in our consolidated financial statements for periods from January 1, 2015 to June 30, 2017, except for consolidated balance sheets as of December 31, 2015 as the impact of JD Digits was not material during this period. Please see “Item 4. Information on the Company—A. History and Development of the Company” for further information. The selected consolidated statements of operations data for the years ended December 31, 2017, 2018 and 2019, selected consolidated balance sheets data as of December 31, 2017, 2018 and 2019 and selected consolidated cash flow data for the years ended December 31, 2017, 2018 and 2019 have been derived from our audited consolidated financial statements, which are included in this annual report beginning on page
F-1.
The selected consolidated statements of operations data for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2016, selected consolidated balance sheets data as of December 31, 2015 and 2016 and selected consolidated cash flow data for the year ended December 31, 2016 have been derived from our audited consolidated financial statements not included in this annual report, and the cash flow data for the year ended December 31, 2015 have been retrospectively adjusted as a result of the new accounting guidance adopted on January 1, 2018 (see note (6) below for more details). Our historical results do not necessarily indicate results expected for any future periods. The selected consolidated financial data should be read in conjunction with, and are qualified in their entirety by reference to, our audited consolidated financial statements and related notes and “Item 5. Operating and Financial Review and Prospects” below. Our consolidated financial statements are prepared and presented in accordance with U.S. GAAP.
                                                 
 
For the Year Ended December 31,
 
 
2015
 
 
2016
 
 
2017
 
 
2018
 
 
2019
 
 
RMB
 
 
RMB
 
 
RMB
 
 
RMB
 
 
RMB
 
 
US$
 
 
(in millions, except for share, per share and per ADS data)
 
Selected Consolidated Statements of Operations Data:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net product revenues
   
167,936
     
237,944
     
331,824
     
416,109
     
510,734
     
73,362
 
Net service revenues
   
13,106
     
20,346
     
30,508
     
45,911
     
66,154
     
9,503
 
                                                 
Total net revenues
 
 
         181,042
 
 
 
         258,290
 
 
 
         362,332
 
 
 
         462,020
 
 
 
         576,888
 
 
 
         82,865
 
                                                 
Cost of revenues
   
(158,960
)    
(222,935
)    
(311,517
)    
(396,066
)    
(492,467
)    
(70,738
)
Fulfillment
   
(12,367
)    
(18,560
)    
(25,865
)    
(32,010
)    
(36,968
)    
(5,310
)
Marketing
   
(7,233
)    
(10,159
)    
(14,918
)    
(19,237
)    
(22,234
)    
(3,194
)
Research and development
   
(2,902
)    
(4,453
)    
(6,652
)    
(12,144
)    
(14,619
)    
(2,100
)
General and administrative
   
(2,188
)    
(3,436
)    
(4,215
)    
(5,160
)    
(5,490
)    
(789
)
Impairment of goodwill and intangible assets
   
(2,750
)    
—  
     
—  
     
(22
)    
—  
     
—  
 
Gain on sale of development properties
   
—  
     
—  
     
—  
     
—  
     
3,885
     
558
 
                                                 
Income/(loss) from operations
(1)(2)(3)
 
 
(5,358
)
 
 
(1,253
)
 
 
(835
)
 
 
(2,619
)
 
 
8,995
 
 
 
1,292
 
                                                 
Other income/(expense):
   
     
     
     
     
     
 
Share of results of equity investees
   
(2,852
)    
(2,782
)    
(1,927
)    
(1,113
)    
(1,738
)    
(250
)
Interest income
   
673
     
1,227
     
2,530
     
2,118
     
1,786
     
257
 
Interest expense    
   
(73
)    
(619
)    
(964
)    
(855
)    
(725
)    
(104
)
 
 
 
 
 
3

Table of Contents
                                                 
 
For the Year Ended December 31,
 
 
2015
 
 
2016
 
 
2017
 
 
2018
 
 
2019
 
 
RMB
 
 
RMB
 
 
RMB
 
 
RMB
 
 
RMB
 
 
US$
 
 
(in millions, except for share, per share and per ADS data)
 
Others, net
   
(147
)    
1,544
     
1,317
     
95
     
5,375
     
772
 
                                                 
Income/(loss) before tax
   
(7,757
)    
(1,883
)    
121
     
(2,374
)    
13,693
     
1,967
 
Income tax benefits/(expenses)
   
15
     
(166
)    
(140
)    
(427
)    
(1,803
)    
(259
)
                                                 
Net income/(loss) from continuing
operations
 
 
(7,742
)
 
 
(2,049
)
 
 
(19
)
 
 
(2,801
)
 
 
11,890
 
 
 
1,708
 
                                                 
Net income/(loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax
 
 
(1,376
)
 
 
(1,365
)
 
 
7
 
   
—  
     
—  
     
—  
 
                                                 
Net income/(loss)
 
 
(9,118
)
 
 
(3,414
)
 
 
(12
)
 
 
(2,801
)
 
 
11,890
 
 
 
1,708
 
Net loss from continuing operations attributable to
non-controlling
interests shareholders
   
(10
)    
(48
)    
(135
)    
(311
)    
(297
)    
(42
)
Net loss from discontinued operations attributable to
non-controlling
interests shareholders
   
—  
     
(4
)    
(5
)    
—  
     
—  
     
—  
 
Net income from continuing operations attributable to mezzanine equity classified as
non-controlling
interests shareholders
   
—  
     
—  
     
—  
     
2
     
3
     
0
 
Net income from discontinued operations attributable to mezzanine equity classified as
non-controlling
interests shareholders
   
—   
     
445
     
281
     
—  
     
—  
     
—  
 
                                                 
Net income/(loss) attributable to ordinary shareholders
 
 
(9,108
)
 
 
(3,807
)
 
 
(153
)
 
 
(2,492
)
 
 
12,184
 
 
 
1,750
 
                                                 
Including
: Net loss from discontinued operations attributable to ordinary shareholders
   
(1,376
)    
(1,806
)    
(269
)    
—  
     
—  
     
—  
 
                                                 
Net income/(loss) from continuing operations attributable to ordinary shareholders
 
 
(7,732
)
 
 
(2,001
)
 
 
116
 
 
 
(2,492
)
 
 
12,184
 
 
 
1,750
 
                                                 
Net income/(loss) per share
   
     
     
     
     
     
 
Basic
   
     
     
     
     
     
 
Continuing operations
   
(2.83
)    
(0.71
)    
0.04
     
(0.87
)    
4.18
     
0.60
 
Discontinued operations
   
(0.50
)    
(0.64
)    
(0.09
)    
—  
     
—  
     
—  
 
Net income/(loss) per share
   
(3.33
)    
(1.36
)    
(0.05
)    
(0.87
)    
4.18
     
0.60
 
Diluted
   
     
     
     
     
     
 
Continuing operations
   
(2.83
)    
(0.71
)    
0.04
     
(0.87
)    
4.11
     
0.59
 
Discontinued operations
   
(0.50
)    
(0.64
)    
(0.09
)    
—  
     
—  
     
—  
 
Net income/(loss) per share
   
(3.33
)    
(1.36
)    
(0.05
)    
(0.87
)    
4.11
     
0.59
 
Net income/(loss) per ADS
(4)
   
     
     
     
     
     
 
Basic
   
     
     
     
     
     
 
Continuing operations
   
(5.65
)    
(1.43
)    
0.08
     
(1.73
)    
8.37
     
1.20
 
Discontinued operations
   
(1.01
)    
(1.29
)    
(0.19
)    
—  
     
—  
     
—  
 
Net income/(loss) per ADS
   
(6.66
)    
(2.71
)    
(0.11
)    
(1.73
)    
8.37
     
1.20
 
Diluted
   
     
     
     
     
     
 
Continuing operations
   
(5.65
)    
(1.43
)    
0.08
     
(1.73
)    
8.21
     
1.18
 
Discontinued operations
   
(1.01
)    
(1.29
)    
(0.18
)    
—  
     
—  
     
—  
 
Net income/(loss) per ADS
   
(6.66
)    
(2.71
)    
(0.11
)    
(1.73
)    
8.21
     
1.18
 
Weighted average number of shares:
   
     
     
     
     
     
 
Basic
   
2,735,034,034
     
2,804,767,889
     
2,844,826,014
     
2,877,902,678
     
2,912,637,241
     
2,912,637,241
 
Diluted
   
2,735,034,034
     
2,804,767,889
     
2,911,461,817
     
2,877,902,678
     
2,967,321,803
     
2,967,321,803
 
 
 
(1) Includes share-based compensation expenses as follows:
 
4

Table of Contents
                                                 
 
For the Year Ended December 31,