Company Quick10K Filing
James Hardie Industries
20-F 2020-03-31 Filed 2020-05-19
20-F 2019-03-31 Filed 2019-05-21
20-F 2018-03-31 Filed 2018-05-22
20-F 2017-03-31 Filed 2017-05-18
20-F 2016-03-31 Filed 2016-05-19
20-F 2015-03-31 Filed 2015-05-21
20-F 2014-03-31 Filed 2014-06-26
20-F 2013-03-31 Filed 2013-06-27
20-F 2012-03-31 Filed 2012-07-02
20-F 2011-03-31 Filed 2011-06-29
20-F 2010-03-31 Filed 2010-06-30

JHX 20F Annual Report

EX-2.20 jhx20-f2020ex220.htm
EX-8.1 jhx20-f2020ex81.htm
EX-12.1 jhx20-f2020ex121.htm
EX-12.2 jhx20-f2020ex122.htm
EX-13.1 jhx20-f2020ex131.htm
EX-15.1 jhx20-f2020ex151.htm
EX-15.2 jhx20-f2020ex152.htm

James Hardie Industries Earnings 2020-03-31

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow

Document
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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 20-F
(Mark One)
  REGISTRATION STATEMENT PURSUANT TO SECTION 12(b) OR (g) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
OR
  ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended 31 March 2020
OR
  TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
OR
 SHELL COMPANY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Date of event requiring this shell company report
For the transition period from       to
Commission file number 1-15240
JAMES HARDIE INDUSTRIES plc
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)
N/A
(Translation of Registrant’s name into English)
Ireland
(Jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
Europa House, Second Floor
Harcourt Centre
Harcourt Street, Dublin 2, D02, WR20, Ireland
(Address of principal executive offices)
Natasha Mercer
Corporate Secretary
(Contact name)
353 1411 6924 (Telephone)                 353 1479 1128 (Facsimile)
Securities registered or to be registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
 
Title of each class:
Trading Symbol:
Name of each exchange on which registered:
Common stock, represented by CHESS Units of Foreign Securities
JHX
New York Stock Exchange*
CHESS Units of Foreign Securities
JHX
New York Stock Exchange*
American Depositary Shares, each representing one unit of CHESS Units of Foreign Securities
JHX
New York Stock Exchange
* Listed, not for trading, but only in connection with the registered American Depositary Shares, pursuant to the requirements of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission




Securities registered or to be registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act.
None
Securities for which there is a reporting obligation pursuant to Section 15(d) of the Act.
None
Indicate the number of outstanding shares of each of the issuer’s classes of capital or common stock as of the close of the period covered by the Annual Report:
443,144,740 shares of common stock at 31 March 2020
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.   Yes     No
If this report is an annual or transition report, indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.    Yes   No
Note — Checking the box will not relieve any registrant required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 from their obligations under those Sections.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.   Yes     No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes     No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or an emerging growth company. See the definition of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large accelerated filer
 
Accelerated filer
 
Non-accelerated filer
 
Emerging growth company
 
If an emerging growth company that prepares its financial statements in accordance with U.S. GAAP, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards† provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  
† The term “new or revised financial accounting standard” refers to any update issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board to its Accounting Standards Codification after 5 April 2012.
Indicate by check mark which basis of accounting the registrant has used to prepare the financial statements included in this filing:
U.S. GAAP
 
International Financial Reporting Standards as issued by the International Accounting
Standards Board
 
Other
 
If “Other” has been checked in response to the previous question, indicate by check mark which financial statement item the registrant has elected to follow:
  Item 17    Item 18
If this is an Annual Report, indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
 Yes  No


jhlogoimage.jpg
 


2020
ANNUAL REPORT
ON FORM 20-F


 


 
 
James Hardie 2020 Annual Report on Form 20-F
i
 
 

TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
Page(s)
 
 





 
 
James Hardie 2020 Annual Report on Form 20-F
ii
 
 

FORM 20-F CROSS REFERENCE
 
 
Page(s)
PART 1
 
Item 1. Identity of Directors, Senior Management and Advisers
Not applicable
Item 2. Offer Statistics and Expected Timetable
Not applicable
Item 3. Key Information
 
A. Selected Financial Data
1-3
B. Capitalization and Indebtedness
Not applicable
C. Reasons for the Offer and Use of Proceeds
Not applicable
D. Risk Factors
148-166
Item 4. Information on the Company
 
A. History and Development of the Company
4-5; 17-18; 189
B. Business Overview
6-13
C. Organizational Structure
5; 14
D. Property, Plants and Equipment
15-18; 89
Item 4A. Unresolved Staff Comments 
None
Item 5. Operating and Financial Review and Prospects
 
A. Operating Results
77-86
B. Liquidity and Capital Resources
86-91
C. Research and Development, Patents and Licenses, etc.
12
D. Trend Information
91
E. Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
91
F. Tabular Disclosure of Contractual Obligations
92
G. Safe Harbor
70-71
Item 6. Directors, Senior Management and Employees
 
A. Directors and Senior Management
19-29
B. Compensation
30-46
C. Board Practices
24-29; 47-69
D. Employees
171
E. Share Ownership
43-46
Item 7. Major Shareholders and Related Party Transactions
 
A. Major Shareholders
193-195
B. Related Party Transactions
59
C. Interests of Experts and Counsel
Not Applicable
Item 8. Financial Information
 
A. Consolidated Statements and Other Financial Information
93-146; 178-179
B. Significant Changes
None
Item 9. The Offer and Listing
 
A. Offer and Listing Details
171-173
B. Plan of Distribution
Not Applicable
C. Markets
172
D. Selling Shareholders
Not Applicable
 
 




 
 
James Hardie 2020 Annual Report on Form 20-F
iii
 
 

PART 1 (continued)
 
E. Dilution
Not Applicable
F. Expenses of the Issue
Not Applicable
Item 10. Additional Information
 
A. Share Capital
Not Applicable
B. Memorandum and Articles of Association
174-181
C. Material Contracts
181
D. Exchange Controls
181-182
E. Taxation
182-189
F. Dividends and Paying Agents
Not Applicable
G. Statement by Experts
Not Applicable
H. Documents on Display
189
I. Subsidiary Information
Not Applicable
Item 11. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
190-192
Item 12. Description of Securities Other Than Equity Securities
 
A. Debt Securities
Not Applicable
B. Warrants and Rights
Not Applicable
C. Other Securities
Not Applicable
D. American Depositary Shares
172-173
PART II
 
Item 13. Defaults, Dividend Arrearages and Delinquencies
None
Item 14. Material Modifications to the Rights of Security Holders and Use of Proceeds
None
Item 15. Controls and Procedures
169-170
Item 16A. Audit Committee Financial Expert
63
Item 16B. Code of Ethics
61-62
Item 16C. Principal Accountant Fees and Services
147
Item 16D. Exemptions from the Listing Standards for Audit Committees 
None
Item 16E. Purchases of Equity Securities by the Issuer and Affiliated Purchasers
None
Item 16F. Change in Registrant’s Certifying Accountant
None
Item 16G. Corporate Governance
47-69
Item 16H. Mine Safety Disclosures
16-17
PART III
 
Item 17. Financial Statements
Not Applicable
Item 18. Financial Statements
93-146
Item 19. Exhibits
198-203





 
 
James Hardie 2020 Annual Report on Form 20-F
1
 
 

SECTION 1
INTRODUCTION
James Hardie Industries plc is a world leader in the manufacture of fiber cement siding and backerboard and a market leader in Europe for fiber gypsum products. Our products are used in a number of markets, including new residential construction (single and multi-family housing), manufactured housing, repair and remodeling and a variety of commercial and industrial applications. We manufacture numerous types of fiber cement products with a variety of patterned profiles and surface finishes for a range of applications, including external siding and trim and soffit lining, internal linings, facades and floor and tile underlay. We also manufacture fiber gypsum products that are used in a variety of applications such as dry lining walls, timber frame walls and flooring applications. Our current primary geographic markets include the United States of America (“US,” “USA” or the “United States”), Canada, Australia, New Zealand, the Philippines and Europe.
James Hardie Industries plc is a “public limited company,” incorporated and existing under the laws of Ireland. Except as the context otherwise may require, references in this Annual Report on Form 20-F (this “Annual Report”) to “James Hardie,” the “James Hardie Group,” the “Company,” “JHI plc,” “we,” “our” or “us” refer to James Hardie Industries plc, together with its direct and indirect wholly owned subsidiaries as of the time relevant to the applicable reference.
For certain information about the basis of preparing the financial information in this Annual Report, see “Section 2 – Reading this Report.” In addition, this Annual Report contains statements that constitute “forward-looking statements.” For an explanation of forward-looking statements and the risks, uncertainties and assumptions to which they are subject, see “Section 2 – Reading this Report.” Further, a “Glossary of Abbreviations and Definitions” has also been included under Section 4 of this Annual Report.
The term “fiscal year” refers to our fiscal year ended 31 March of such year; the term “dollars,” “US$” or “$” refers to US dollars; the term “A$” refers to Australian dollars; and the term "EUR" or “€” refers to Euro.

Information contained in or accessible through the websites mentioned in this Annual Report does not form a part of this Annual Report unless we specifically state that it is incorporated by reference herein. All references in this Annual Report to websites are inactive textual references and are for information only.
SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA
We have included in this Annual Report the audited consolidated financial statements of the Company, consisting of our consolidated balance sheets as of 31 March 2020 and 2019, and our consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income, cash flows and changes in shareholders’ equity (deficit) for each of the years ended 31 March 2020, 2019 and 2018, together with the related notes thereto. The consolidated financial statements included in this Annual Report have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the US (“US GAAP”).
The selected consolidated financial information, summarized below, for the five most recent fiscal years has been derived in part from the Company’s consolidated financial statements. You should read the selected consolidated financial information in conjunction with the Company’s consolidated financial statements and related notes contained in “Section 2 – Consolidated Financial Statements” and with the information provided in “Section 2 – Management’s Discussion and Analysis.” Historic financial data is not necessarily indicative of our future results and you should not unduly rely on it.





 
 
James Hardie 2020 Annual Report on Form 20-F
2
 
 

 
 
 
Consolidated Statement of Operations Data (Millions of US dollars)
 
2020
 
2019
 
2018
 
2017
 
2016
Net sales
 
$
2,606.8

 
$
2,506.6

 
$
2,054.5

 
$
1,921.6

 
$
1,728.2

Income from operations1
 
241.5

 
228.8

 
146.1

 
276.5

 
244.4

Net income1
 
$
241.5

 
$
228.8

 
$
146.1

 
$
276.5

 
$
244.4

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Consolidated Balance Sheet Data (Millions of US dollars)
 
2020
 
2019
 
2018
 
2017
 
2016
Total assets
 
$
4,028.3

 
$
4,032.6

 
$
2,351.0

 
$
2,012.7

 
$
2,029.4

Net assets (liabilities)
 
1,035.3

 
974.4

 
(221.5
)
 
(212.2
)
 
(225.2
)
Common stock
 
$
230.6

 
$
230.0

 
$
229.5

 
$
229.1

 
$
231.4

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Shares (Millions)
 
2020
 
2019
 
2018
 
2017
 
2016
Basic weighted average number of common shares
 
442.6

 
441.9

 
441.2

 
442.7

 
445.3

Diluted weighted average number of common shares
 
444.1

 
443.0

 
442.3

 
443.9

 
447.2

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings Per Share (US dollar)
 
2020
 
2019
 
2018
 
2017
 
2016
Income from operations per common share – basic
 
$
0.55

 
$
0.52

 
$
0.33

 
$
0.62

 
$
0.55

Net income per common share – basic
 
0.55

 
0.52

 
0.33

 
0.62

 
0.55

Income from operations per common share – diluted
 
0.54

 
0.52

 
0.33

 
0.62

 
0.55

Net income per common share – diluted
 
0.54

 
0.52

 
0.33

 
0.62

 
0.55

Dividends declared per share
 
0.36

 
0.40

 
0.38

 
0.39

 
0.58

Dividends paid per share
 
$
0.36

 
$
0.40

 
$
0.38

 
$
0.39

 
$
0.58

Other Financial Data
 
2020
 
2019
 
2018
 
2017
 
2016
Cash Flow (Millions of US dollars)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net cash provided by operating activities2
 
$
451.2

 
$
304.0

 
$
308.5

 
$
382.5

 
$
222.9

Net cash used in investing activities2
 
(203.8
)
 
(864.4
)
 
(245.5
)
 
(109.0
)
 
(66.6
)
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities
 
$
(179.0
)
 
$
364.2

 
$
60.6

 
$
(210.0
)
 
$
(121.2
)
Volume (million square feet)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
North America Fiber Cement
 
2,481.6

 
2,308.1

 
2,238.8

 
2,215.4

 
1,969.2

Asia Pacific Fiber Cement3
 
532.6

 
546.1

 
494.7

 
448.2

 
449.6

Asia Pacific Fiber Cement excluding4
 
532.6

 
546.1

 
494.7

 
448.2

 
439.8

Europe Building Products5
 
827.5

 
815.8

 
34.0

 
39.0

 
31.3

Net Sales (Millions of US dollars)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
North America Fiber Cement
 
$
1,816.4

 
$
1,676.9

 
$
1,578.1

 
$
1,493.4

 
$
1,335.0

Asia Pacific Fiber Cement3
 
418.4

 
446.8

 
425.4

 
370.6

 
341.9

Asia Pacific Fiber Cement excluding4
 
418.4

 
446.8

 
425.4

 
370.6

 
336.8

Europe Building Products5
 
371.4

 
368.3

 
36.3

 
41.2

 
37.5

Other Businesses6
 
$
0.6

 
$
14.6

 
$
14.7

 
$
16.4

 
$
13.8

Average sales price per unit (per thousand square feet)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
North America Fiber Cement
 
$
725

 
$
718

 
$
698

 
$
665

 
$
669

Asia Pacific Fiber Cement3
 
700

 
724

 
762

 
758

 
709

Asia Pacific Fiber Cement excluding4
 
700

 
724

 
762

 
758

 
713

Europe Building Products5
 
$
345

 
$
354

 
$
950

 
$
977

 
$
986







 
 
James Hardie 2020 Annual Report on Form 20-F
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____________
1
Income from operations and net income include the following: asbestos adjustments, Asbestos Injuries Compensation Fund (“AICF”) selling, general and administrative (“SG&A”) expenses, AICF interest income (expense), loss on early debt extinguishment, Fermacell acquisition costs, asset impairment charges and product line discontinuation expenses, New Zealand weathertightness claims and related tax adjustments.
 
 
 
(Millions of US dollars)
Other Financial Data
 
2020
 
2019
 
2018
 
2017
 
2016
Asbestos adjustments (expense) benefit
 
$
(58.2
)
 
$
(22.0
)
 
$
(156.4
)
 
$
40.4

 
$
5.5

AICF SG&A expenses
 
(1.7
)
 
(1.5
)
 
(1.9
)
 
(1.5
)
 
(1.7
)
AICF interest income (expense)
 
1.4

 
2.0

 
1.9

 
(1.1
)
 
(0.3
)
Loss on early debt extinguishment
 

 
(1.0
)
 
(26.1
)
 

 

Fermacell acquisition costs
 

 

 
(10.0
)
 

 

Asset impairment charges and product line discontinuation expenses
 
(84.4
)
 
(29.5
)
 

 

 

New Zealand weathertightness claims
 

 

 

 

 
(0.5
)
Tax adjustments
 
$
31.6

 
$
(19.7
)
 
$
47.3

 
$
(9.9
)
 
$
(1.5
)

For additional information on asbestos adjustments, AICF SG&A expenses, AICF interest income (expense), loss on early debt extinguishment, asset impairments and product line discontinuation and New Zealand weathertightness, see “Section 2 – Management’s Discussion and Analysis” and Notes 2, 7, 8, 11, 13, 15 and 19 to our consolidated financial statements in Section 2.

2
Net cash provided by operating activities and net cash used in investing activities have been revised for fiscal years 2019 and 2018 to correct the amount of purchases of property, plant and equipment which were not yet paid. The Company concluded that the error did not have a material impact on the previously reported statement of cash flows for fiscal years 2019 and 2018 or affect the trend of financial results. See Note 2 to our consolidated financial statements in Section 2 for details on the immaterial change in statement of cash flow line items.

3
Asia Pacific Fiber Cement segment includes all fiber cement products manufactured in Australia, New Zealand and the Philippines and sold in Australia, New Zealand, Asia, the Middle East and various Pacific Islands.

4
Excludes the Australian Pipes business which we sold in the first quarter of fiscal year 2016.

5
Europe Building Products segment includes our Fermacell business acquired in April 2018 and our fiber cement products manufactured in the United States that are sold in Europe.

6
The Other Businesses segment ceased to be an operating and reportable segment effective 31 March 2020 due to the Company's completion of its exit of its non-fiber cement manufacturing and sales activities in North America, including fiberglass windows.
.





 
 
James Hardie 2020 Annual Report on Form 20-F
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INFORMATION ON THE COMPANY
History and Development of the Company

About James Hardie

James Hardie Industries plc is incorporated and existing under the laws of Ireland. As an Irish plc, we are governed by the Irish Companies Act 2014 and we operate under the regulatory requirements of numerous jurisdictions and organizations, including the Australian Securities Exchange ("ASX"), Australian Securities and Investments Commission ("ASIC"), the New York Stock Exchange (“NYSE”), the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”), the Irish Takeover Panel and various other rulemaking bodies.
The address of our registered office in Ireland is Europa House, Second Floor, Harcourt Centre, Harcourt Street, Dublin 2, D02 WR20, Ireland. The telephone number is +353 1411 6924. Our agent in the United States is CT Corporation. Its office is located at 28 Liberty Street - 42nd Floor, New York, New York 10005. The address of our registered office in Australia is Level 20, 60 Castlereagh Street, Sydney NSW 2000 and the telephone number is +61 2 8845 3360. Our share registry is maintained by Computershare Investor Services Pty Ltd. All inquiries and correspondence regarding holdings should be directed to: Computershare Investor Services Pty Ltd, Level 5, 115 Grenfell Street, Adelaide, SA 5000; telephone: +61 3 9415 4000 or toll free within Australia: 1300 855 080. Our American Depositary Receipt ("ADR") register is maintained by Deutsche Bank. All inquiries and correspondence regarding American Depositary Shares ("ADSs") should be directed to Deutsche Bank, 60 Wall Street, New York, New York 10005, United States; telephone 1-212-250-9100.
Our History
James Hardie was established in 1888 as an import business, listing on the ASX in 1951 to become a publicly owned company in Australia. After becoming a listed company, we built a diverse portfolio of building and industrial products. In the late-1970s, we pioneered the development of asbestos-free fiber cement technology and in the early-1980’s began designing and manufacturing a wide range of fiber cement building products that made use of the benefits that came from the products’ durability, versatility and strength. Using the technical and manufacturing expertise developed in Australia, we expanded into the United States, opening our first fiber cement plant in Fontana, California in February 1990. Since then, we have expanded our product portfolio and global footprint, with fiber cement manufacturing plants across the United States, Australia, New Zealand and the Philippines. In April 2018, we completed the acquisition of Fermacell, a market leader in fiber gypsum and cement-bonded boards in Europe. Today, James Hardie is a leading global manufacturer of a wide range of fiber cement and fiber gypsum building products in each of the United States, Australia, Europe, New Zealand and the Philippines.
Our Agreement with Asbestos Injuries Compensation Fund
Prior to 1987, ABN 60 Pty Limited (formerly James Hardie Industries Limited, then the ultimate parent company of the James Hardie Group) (“ABN 60”) and two of its former subsidiaries, Amaca Pty Limited (“Amaca”) and Amaba Pty Limited (“Amaba”) (collectively, the “Former James Hardie Companies”), manufactured products in Australia that contained asbestos. The manufacture and sale of these products has resulted in liabilities for the Former James Hardie Companies in Australia.
In February 2007, our shareholders approved the Amended and Restated Final Funding Agreement (“AFFA”) entered into on 21 November 2006 to provide long-term funding to AICF for the compensation of proven Australian-related personal injuries for which the Former James Hardie Companies are found liable. AICF, an independent trust, subsequently assumed ownership of the Former James Hardie Companies. We do




 
 
James Hardie 2020 Annual Report on Form 20-F
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not own AICF, however, we are entitled to appoint three directors, including the Chairman, and the New South Wales (“NSW”) Government is entitled to appoint two directors.
Under the terms of the AFFA, subject to the operation of an annual cash flow cap, James Hardie 117 Pty Ltd (the “Performing Subsidiary”) will make annual payments to AICF. The amount of these annual payments is dependent on several factors, including our free cash flow (as defined in the AFFA), actuarial estimations, actual claims paid, operating expenses of AICF, changes in the AUD/USD exchange rate and the annual cash flow cap. JHI plc owns 100% of the Performing Subsidiary and guarantees the Performing Subsidiary’s obligation. As a result, for US GAAP purposes, we consider JHI plc to be the primary beneficiary of AICF.
Although we have no legal ownership in AICF, for financial reporting purposes, our interest in AICF is considered variable and we consolidate AICF due to our pecuniary and contractual interests in AICF as a result of the funding arrangements outlined in the AFFA. For additional information on our consolidation of AICF and asbestos-related assets and liabilities, see Note 2 to our consolidated financial statements.
Corporate Structure
The following diagram summarizes our corporate structure at 31 March 2020:
a20forgcharta04.jpg




 
 
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Business Overview
General Overview of Our Business
We are a world leader in the manufacture of fiber cement building materials. Based on net sales, we believe we are the largest manufacturer of fiber cement products and systems for internal and external building construction applications in the United States, Australia, New Zealand, and the Philippines. We market our fiber cement products and systems under various brand names, such as HardiePlank®, HardiePanel®, HardieTrim® and HardieBacker® boards, and other brand names such as Aspyre Collection by James Hardie™, Artisan®, Reveal®, Cemplank®, Scyon® and Linea®. We are also a market leader in the European premium dry lining business, especially in Germany and Switzerland. We market our fiber gypsum and cement-bonded boards under the Fermacell® brand and our fire-protection boards under the AESTUVER® brand.
The breakdown of our net sales by operating segment for each of our last three fiscal years is as follows:
 
 
(Millions of US dollars)
  
 
2020
 
2019
 
2018
North America Fiber Cement
 
$
1,816.4

 
$
1,676.9

 
$
1,578.1

Asia Pacific Fiber Cement
 
418.4

 
446.8

 
425.4

Europe Building Products
 
371.4

 
368.3

 
36.3

Other Businesses1
 
0.6

 
14.6

 
14.7

Total Net Sales
 
$
2,606.8

 
$
2,506.6

 
$
2,054.5

____________
1
The Other Businesses segment ceased to be an operating and reportable segment effective 31 March 2020.
Products
We manufacture fiber cement, fiber gypsum and cement bonded boards. Our fiber cement building materials includes a wide-range of products for both internal and external use across a broad range of applications, including: external siding, internal walls, floors, ceilings, soffits, trim, decking and facades. While there are some market specific products, our core fiber cement products, planks and flat panels are sold across all of the markets in which we operate. Our fiber gypsum and cement-bonded boards are used mainly for interior applications such as dry lining walls, walls in timber frame buildings and flooring solutions. In addition, our cement-bonded boards are used in exterior and industrial applications as well as for fire protection.
Products Used in External Applications
We developed a proprietary technology platform that enables us to produce thicker yet lighter-weight fiber cement products that are generally easier to handle than most traditional building products. Further, we believe that our fiber cement products provide certain durability and performance advantages leading to improved maintenance, while offering comparable aesthetics to competing products, such as wood, and superior aesthetics when compared to vinyl siding.
Performance and design advantages:
Our fiber cement products exhibit resistance to the damaging effects of moisture, fire, impact and termites compared to natural and engineered wood and wood-based products;
Competing products do not duplicate fiber cement aesthetics and the characteristics necessary for effectively accepting paint applications;
Our fiber cement products provide the ability to imprint designs that closely resemble the patterns and profiles of traditional building materials such as wood and stucco;




 
 
James Hardie 2020 Annual Report on Form 20-F
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The surface properties of our products provide an effective paint-holding finish, especially when compared to natural and engineered wood products, allowing for greater periods of time between necessary maintenance and repainting; and
Compared to masonry construction, fiber cement is lightweight, physically flexible and can be cut using readily available tools, making our products more appealing across a broad range of architectural styles, be it of timber or steel-framed construction.
We believe the benefits associated with our fiber cement products have enabled us to gain a competitive advantage over competing products.
Products Used in Internal Applications
Compared to natural and oriented strand board ("OSB") and wood-based products, we believe our product range for internal applications provide the same general advantages provided by our products for external applications. In addition, our fiber cement products for internal applications exhibit less movement in response to exposure to moisture and impact damage than many competing products, providing a more consistent and durable substrate on which to install tiles. Further, we believe our ceramic tile underlayment products exhibit better handling and installation characteristics compared to fiberglass mesh cement boards. We believe our fiber gypsum products offer superior stability, fire safety and sound insulation properties compared to OSB and gypsum plaster boards. Furthermore, we believe our fiber gypsum flooring solutions offer superior handling properties, especially in the modernization of existing buildings, compared to wet screed solutions.
Significant New Products
In the United States, new products released over the last three years include Hydrodefense HardieBackerTM, expanded ColorPlus offering through the Dream CollectionTM and Statement CollectionTM higher ventilation VentedPlus HardieSoffitTM. In addition, we also launched the Aspyre Collection by James Hardie™, which brings together the modernity of our Reveal® Panel System (now available with color matching Reveal® Surround Trim and Exposed Fasteners in 24 colors) with the traditional profiles of our Artisan® siding products (in addition to V-Groove and lap siding, the range has been expanded to include Bevel Channel, Square channel, Shiplap and Beaded lap)
In Australia and New Zealand, extensions to the existing growing product lines Stria® cladding and Axon® cladding have been launched to increase design versatility in line with Modern design trends with Stria® Splayed 255mm and Axon® Grained 133mm cladding, respectively. More recently, we expanded our exteriors offer with looks, ExoTec® VeroTM façade panel, a pre-finished concrete look panel and EasyTex™ panel, a revolutionary fiber cement panel embedded with a fine texture to deliver a modern render design aesthetic.
In Australia, we have also launched performance systems and accessories as part of our HardieSmart® range that enable high performance solutions with low wall footprint for narrow land lots, these aim to include HardieFire® Insulation, HardieBreak® Thermal Strip, as well as the HardieSmart® Boundary, Aged Care, Intertenancy and ZeroLot® Wall Systems. Lastly, building on New Zealand’s success, RABTM board was launched in Australia, a fiber cement rigid air barrier that can be used beneath cladding, providing added protection against the elements. This panel is sealed with James Hardie’s innovative CoreShield® penetrating sealer technology.
In New Zealand, over the same timeframe, the growing Secura® flooring line in Australia was launched in the region including both Secura® Interior Flooring and Secura® Exterior Flooring, and the Trim and RAB® lines were expanded by launching Axent® Fascia, HomeRABTM 4.5mm Pre Cladding, respectively. 
In the Philippines, new products released over the past three years include the Hardieflex® Filled Wall System (a permanent formwork wall system tailored for the Philippines market), Hardieflex® Wet Area Walls lining




 
 
James Hardie 2020 Annual Report on Form 20-F
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and Hardieflex® Vented Eaves. An improved version of their wall jointing compound has been launched under the HardieFlex® putty trademark.
In Europe, new fiber cement products released over the past three years include HardieWindbreaker™ sheathing board and associated accessories, a solution to provide the next generation in weather defense for buildings, along with HardieFoamTM, a solution for install of HardieBacker®. In our Fermacell business, new products released over the last three years include AESTUVER® Tx board, a key milestone for our fire protection boards offering.
Principal Markets for Our Products
United States and Canada
In the US and Canada, the largest application for fiber cement building products is in external siding for the residential building industry. The external siding market includes various cladding types, including fiber cement, vinyl, natural wood, OSB, hardboard, brick, stucco and stone. Based on industry estimates, vinyl has the largest share of the US and Canadian external siding markets. External siding typically occupies a significant square footage component of the outside of every building. Selection of siding material is based on installed cost, durability, aesthetic appeal, strength, weather resistance, maintenance requirements and cost, insulating properties and other features. Different regions of the US and Canada show a preference amongst siding materials according to economic conditions, weather, materials availability and local preference.
Demand for siding in the US and Canada fluctuates based on the level of new residential housing starts and the repair and remodeling activity of existing homes. The level of activity is generally a function of interest rates and the availability of financing to homeowners to purchase a new home or make improvements to their existing homes, inflation, household income and wage growth, unemployment levels, demographic trends, gross domestic product growth and consumer confidence. The sale of fiber cement products in North America accounts for the largest portion of our net sales, accounting for 70%, 67% and 77% of our total net sales in fiscal years 2020, 2019 and 2018, respectively. The year-over-year change from fiscal year 2018 to fiscal year 2019 in the percentage of net sales attributable to our North America sales was primarily a result of our Fermacell acquisition.
In the US and Canada, competition in the external siding market comes primarily from substitute products, such as natural wood or OSB, vinyl, stucco and brick. We believe we can continue to increase our market share from these competing products through targeted marketing programs designed to educate customers on our brand and the performance, design and cost advantages of our products.
Asia Pacific
In the Asia Pacific region, we principally sell into the Australian, New Zealand and Philippines markets, with the residential building industry representing the principal market for fiber cement products. The largest applications of fiber cement across our three primary markets are in external cladding, internal walls, ceilings, floors, soffits and facades. We believe the level of activity in this industry is generally a function of interest rates, inflation, household income and wage growth, unemployment levels, demographic trends, gross domestic product growth and consumer confidence. Demand for fiber cement building products is also affected by the level of new housing starts and renovation activity.

In Australia, competition from imports and two locally based fiber cement manufacturers has intensified over the past decade. Additionally, we continue to see competition from natural and engineered wood, wallboard, masonry and brick products.




 
 
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In New Zealand, we continue to see competition intensifying as fiber cement imports have become more cost competitive and overseas manufacturers look to supplement their primary operating environments with additional markets.
In the Philippines, we have seen fiber cement gain broader acceptance across a range of product applications in the last decade, leading to additional fiber cement products entering the market. We see fiber cement having long-term growth potential not only in the Philippines, but across Asia and the Middle East, as the benefits of its light-weight and durability become more widely recognized.
Europe
In April 2018, we completed the acquisition of Fermacell, a market leader in fiber gypsum and cement-bonded boards in Europe. Similar to James Hardie’s fiber cement products, we believe Fermacell’s fiber gypsum boards deliver superior performance relative to competitive products, such as gypsum plaster and OSB boards.
Fermacell’s products comprise fiber gypsum and cement-bonded boards, two complementary products in the high performance board space, mainly used in: (1) timber frame construction; (2) dry lining applications; (3) Do-It-Yourself ("DIY"); and (4) structural fire protection. Fermacell’s products are sold into the residential repair and remodel, commercial and residential new construction markets.
Fermacell’s key markets in Europe include Germany, Switzerland, UK, Denmark, France, Belgium, Netherlands and Luxembourg, where we sell our products to residential and commercial new-build as well as to repair and remodel. In addition, our fire protection AESTUVER® boards are sold to projects worldwide.
In Europe, our fiber cement building products are used in both residential and commercial building applications in external siding, internal walls, floors and soffits. We compete in most segments, except roofing, and promote the use of fiber cement products against traditional masonry and wood-based products. Since we commenced selling our products in Europe in fiscal year 2004, we have continued to work to grow demand for our products by building awareness among distributors, builders and contractors.
Seasonality
On a consolidated basis we do not have significant seasonality, however we do see shifts in our segments within the year. Our businesses typically follow activity levels in the building and construction industry. In the United States, the calendar quarters ending in December and March generally reflect reduced levels of building activity depending on weather conditions. In Australia and New Zealand, the calendar quarter ending in March is usually the quarter most affected by a slowdown due to summer holidays. In the Philippines, construction activity diminishes during the wet season from June through September and during the last half of December due to the slowdown in business activity over the holiday period. In Europe, the quarter ending September is affected by summer holidays and the quarter ending December is affected by a slow-down in construction activities around calendar year-end holidays. Also, general industry patterns can be affected by weather, economic conditions, industrial disputes and other factors. See “Section 3 – Risk Factors.”
Raw Materials
The principal raw materials used in the manufacture of our fiber cement products are cellulose fiber (wood-based pulp), silica (sand), Portland cement and water. The key raw materials used in the manufacture of our fiber gypsum products are gypsum, recycled paper and water. We have established supplier relationships for all of our raw materials across the various markets in which we operate, and we do not anticipate having difficulty in obtaining our required raw materials from these suppliers. The purchase price of these raw




 
 
James Hardie 2020 Annual Report on Form 20-F
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materials and other materials can fluctuate depending on the supply-demand situation at any given point in time.
We work hard to reduce the effect of both price fluctuations and supply interruptions by entering into contracts with qualified suppliers and through continuous internal improvements in both our products and manufacturing processes.
Cellulose Fiber
Reliable access to specialized and consistent quality pulp is critical to the production of fiber cement building materials. As a result of our many years of experience and expertise in the industry, we share our internal expertise with pulp producers in New Zealand, the United States, Canada and Chile to ensure they are able to provide us with a highly specialized and proprietary formula crucial to the reinforcing cement matrix of our fiber cement products. We have confidentiality agreements with our pulp producers, and we have obtained patents in the United States and in certain other countries covering certain unique aspects of our pulping formulas and processes that we believe cannot adequately be protected through confidentiality agreements. However, we cannot be assured that our intellectual property and other proprietary information will be protected in all cases. See “Section 3 – Risk Factors.”
Silica
High purity silica is sourced locally by the various production plants. In the majority of locations, we use silica sand as a silica source. In certain other locations, however, we process quartz rock and beneficiate silica sand to ensure the quality and consistency of this key raw material.
Cement
Cement is acquired in bulk from local suppliers. We continue to evaluate options on agreements with suppliers for the purchase of cement that can lock in our cement prices over longer periods of time.
Water
We primarily use local water supplies and process all wastewater to comply with environmental requirements.
Gypsum
The primary types of gypsum used in the production of our fiber gypsum products are natural and synthetic gypsum. Natural gypsum is extracted and processed in Germany and Spain. Synthetic gypsum is obtained from coal-fired power plants in Germany, Poland and the Netherlands. While synthetic gypsum will be phased out due to the coal power plant phase-out in the European Union, we are well positioned for the future with natural gypsum sources. In Germany, we have secured long-term contracts for the supply of natural gypsum and we have invested in a natural gypsum mine in Spain.
Recycled Paper

Recycled paper is generally acquired from local suppliers and we currently maintain long-term contracts with our key suppliers.





 
 
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Sales, Marketing and Distribution 
The principal markets for our fiber cement products are the United States, Australia, New Zealand, the Philippines, Canada, and parts of Europe, including the United Kingdom, France, Denmark and Germany. In addition, in the past fiscal year, we have sold fiber cement products in several other markets, including Switzerland, the Middle East, South Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong and various Pacific Islands. The principal markets for our fiber gypsum products are in Europe, including Germany, Switzerland, Denmark, France, Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg and the United Kingdom.
Our brand names, customer education in comparative product advantages, differentiated product range and customer service, including technical advice and assistance, provide the basis for our marketing strategy.
We offer our customers support through a specialized fiber cement and fiber gypsum sales force and customer service infrastructure in North America, Australia, New Zealand, the Philippines and Europe.
Our customer service infrastructure includes inbound customer service support coordinated nationally in each country, and is complemented by outbound telemarketing capability. Within each regional market, we provide sales and marketing support to building products dealers and lumber yards and also provide support directly to the customers of these distribution channels, principally homebuilders and building contractors.
We maintain dedicated regional sales management teams in our major sales territories, with our national sales managers and national account managers, together with regional sales managers and sales representatives, maintaining relationships with national and other major accounts. Our various sales forces, which in some instances manage specific product categories, include skilled trades people who provide on-site technical advice and assistance.
In North America, we sell fiber cement products for new residential construction predominantly to distributors, which then sell these products to dealers or lumber yards. This two-step distribution process is supplemented with direct sales to dealers and lumber yards as a means of accelerating product penetration and sales. Repair and remodel products in North America are typically sold through the large home center retailers and specialist distributors. Our products are distributed across North America primarily by road and, to a lesser extent, by rail.
In Australia and New Zealand, both new construction and repair and remodel products are generally sold directly to distributor/hardware stores and lumber yards rather than through the two-step distribution process. In the Philippines, a network of thousands of small to medium size retail outlets sell our fiber cement products to consumers, builders and real estate developers, although in recent years, DIY type stores have started to enter the Philippines market. The physical distribution of our product in each country is primarily by road, rail or sea transport. Products manufactured in Australia, New Zealand and the Philippines are also exported to a number of markets in Asia, various Pacific Islands, and the Middle East by sea transport.

In Europe, both new construction and repair and remodel products are primarily sold to builder’s merchants and DIY type stores. These customers then sell the products to applicators such as dry liners, timber frame companies, smaller applicators and end consumers. Our products are distributed across Europe primarily by road and rail and, to a lesser extent, by sea transport.
Despite the fact that distributors and dealers are generally our direct customers, we also aim to increase primary demand for our products by marketing our products directly to homeowners, architects and builders. We encourage them to specify and install our products because of the quality and craftsmanship of our products.




 
 
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Geographic expansion of our fiber cement business has occurred in markets where framed construction is prevalent for residential applications or where there are opportunities to change building practices from masonry to framed construction. Expansion is also possible where there are direct substitution opportunities irrespective of the methods of construction. Our entry into the Philippines is an example of the ability to substitute fiber cement for an alternative product (in this case plywood). With the exception of our current major markets, as well as Japan and certain rural areas in Asia, Scandinavia, and Eastern Europe, most markets in the world principally utilize masonry construction for external walls in residential construction. Accordingly, further geographic expansion depends substantially on our ability to provide alternative construction solutions and for those solutions to be accepted in those markets.
Dependence on Trade Secrets and Research and Development (“R&D”)
We pioneered the successful development of cellulose reinforced fiber cement and, since the early-1980s, have progressively introduced products developed as a result of our proprietary product formulation and process technology. The introduction of differentiated products is one of the core components of our global business strategy. This product differentiation strategy is supported by our significant investment in R&D activities.
We view spending on R&D as the key to sustaining our existing product leadership position, by providing a continuous pipeline of innovative new products and technologies with sustainable performance and design advantages over our competitors. Further, through our investments in new process technology or by modifying existing process technology, we aim to keep reducing our capital and operating costs and to find new ways to make existing and new products. As such, we expect to continue allocating significant funding to these endeavors.
Our current patent portfolio is based mainly on fiber cement compositions, associated manufacturing processes and the resulting products. Our non-patented technical intellectual property consists primarily of our operating and manufacturing know-how and raw material and operating equipment specifications, all of which are maintained as trade secret information. We have enhanced our abilities to effectively create, manage and utilize our intellectual property and have implemented a strategy that increasingly uses patenting and trade secret protection to protect and increase our competitive advantage.
In addition, we have a variety of industrial, commercial and financial contracts relating to our proprietary manufacturing processes. While we are dependent on the competitive advantage that these items provide as a whole, we are not dependent on any one of them individually and do not consider any one of them individually to be material. We do not materially rely on intellectual property licensed from any outside third parties. However, we cannot assure that our intellectual property and other proprietary information will be protected in all cases. In addition, if our R&D efforts fail to generate new, innovative products or processes, our overall profit margins may decrease and demand for our products may fall. See “Section 3 – Risk Factors.”
Governmental Regulation
As an Irish plc, we are governed by the Irish Companies Act 2014 and are also subject to all applicable European Union level legislation. We also operate under the regulatory requirements of numerous jurisdictions and organizations, including the ASX, ASIC, the NYSE, the SEC, the Irish Takeover Panel and various other federal, state, local and foreign rulemaking bodies. See “Section 3 – Constitution” for additional information regarding the Irish Companies Act 2014 and regulations to which we are subject.
Environmental, Health and Safety Regulation
Our operations and properties are subject to extensive federal, state, local and foreign environmental protection, health and safety laws, regulations and ordinances governing activities and operations that may




 
 
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have adverse environmental effects. As it relates to our operations, regulated material, including wastewater and air emissions, may be produced at some of our manufacturing plants. The wastewater produced from our manufacturing plants is internally recycled and reused before eventually being discharged to publicly owned treatment works, a process which is monitored by us, as well as by regulators. In addition, we actively monitor air emissions and other regulated materials produced by our plants so as to ensure compliance with the various environmental regulations under which we operate.
Some environmental laws provide that a current or previous owner or operator of real property may be liable for the costs of investigation, removal or remediation of certain regulated materials on, under, or in that property or other impacted properties. In addition, persons who arrange, or are deemed to have arranged, for the disposal or treatment of certain regulated materials may also be liable for the costs of investigation, removal or remediation of the regulated materials at the disposal or treatment site, regardless of whether the affected site is owned or operated by such person. Environmental laws often impose liability whether or not the owner, operator, transporter or arranger knew of, or was responsible for, the presence of such regulated materials. Also, third parties may make claims against owners or operators of properties for personal injuries, property damage and/or for clean-up associated with releases of certain regulated materials pursuant to applicable environmental laws and common law tort theories, including strict liability.
In the past, from time to time, we have received notices of alleged discharges in excess of our water and air permit limits. In each case, and in compliance with our Environmental Policy, we have addressed the concerns raised in those notices, in part, through enhanced administrative controls and/or capital expenditures intended to prevent future discharges in excess of permitted levels and, on occasion, the payment of minor associated fines.
Environmental compliance costs in the future will depend, in part, on continued oversight of operations, expansion of operations and manufacturing activities, regulatory developments and future requirements that cannot presently be predicted.




 
 
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14
 
 

Organizational Structure
JHI plc is incorporated and domiciled in Ireland and the table below sets forth our significant subsidiaries, all of which are wholly-owned by JHI plc, either directly or indirectly, as of 30 April 2020.

Name of Company
  
Jurisdiction of
Establishment
  
Jurisdiction of
Tax Residence
Fermacell B.V.
 
Netherlands
 
Netherlands
Fermacell Schraplau GmbH
 
Germany
 
Germany
James Hardie 117 Pty Ltd
  
Australia
  
Australia
James Hardie Australia Pty Ltd
  
Australia
  
Australia
James Hardie Building Products Inc.
  
United States
  
United States
James Hardie Europe B.V.
  
Netherlands
  
Netherlands
James Hardie Europe GmbH
 
Germany
 
Germany
James Hardie Europe Holdings GmbH
 
Germany
 
Germany
James Hardie Holdings Limited
  
Ireland
  
Ireland
James Hardie International Finance Designated Activity Company
  
Ireland
  
Ireland
James Hardie International Group Limited
  
Ireland
  
Ireland
James Hardie International Holdings Limited
  
Ireland
  
Ireland
James Hardie New Zealand Limited
  
New Zealand
  
New Zealand
James Hardie NL1 B.V.
 
Netherlands
 
Netherlands
James Hardie NL2 B.V.
 
Netherlands
 
Netherlands
James Hardie NZ Holdings Limited
  
New Zealand
  
New Zealand
James Hardie North America, Inc
  
United States
  
United States
James Hardie NV
  
Netherlands
  
Netherlands
James Hardie Philippines Inc
  
Philippines
  
Philippines
James Hardie Research (Holdings) Pty Ltd
  
Australia
  
Australia
James Hardie Research Pty Ltd
  
Australia
  
Australia
JH Research USA, LLC
  
United States
  
United States
James Hardie Spain S.L.U.
 
Spain
 
Spain
James Hardie Technology Holdings 1 Limited
 
Ireland
 
Ireland
James Hardie Technology Holdings 2 Limited
 
Ireland
 
Ireland
James Hardie Technology Limited
  
Bermuda
  
Ireland
James Hardie U.S. Investments Sierra Inc.
  
United States
  
United States
RCI Holdings Pty Ltd
  
Australia
  
Australia






 
 
James Hardie 2020 Annual Report on Form 20-F
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Property, Plants and Equipment
We believe we have some of the largest and lowest cost fiber cement manufacturing plants across the United States, Australia, New Zealand and the Philippines, with our plants servicing both domestic and export markets. We also have six manufacturing plants in Europe. Our plants are ideally located to take advantage of established transportation networks, allowing us to distribute our products into key markets, while also providing easy access to key raw materials.
Manufacturing Capacity
At 31 March 2020, we had manufacturing facilities at the following locations:
 
Plant Location
 
Owned /
Leased
 
Nameplate Capacity
(mmsf)1
United States fiber cement 2
 
 
 
 
Cleburne, Texas
 
Owned
 
666

Peru, Illinois
 
Owned
 
560

Plant City, Florida
 
Owned 
 
600

Pulaski, Virginia
 
Owned
 
600

Reno, Nevada
 
Owned
 
300

Tacoma, Washington
 
Owned 
 
500

Waxahachie, Texas
 
Owned 
 
360

Fontana, California
 
Owned
 
250

Summerville, South Carolina
 
Owned 
3 
190

Asia Pacific fiber cement
 
 
 
 
Australia
 
 
 
 
Rosehill, New South Wales
 
Owned 
 
180

Carole Park, Queensland
 
Owned
4 
160

New Zealand
 
 
 
 
Auckland
 
Leased 
5 
75

Philippines
 
 
 
 
Cabuyao City
 
Owned 
6 
172

Europe fiber gypsum
 
 
 
 
Münchehof, Germany
 
Owned
 
441

Orejo, Spain
 
Owned
 
275

Wijchen, the Netherlands
 
Owned
 
273

Siglingen, Germany
 
Owned
7 
154

Other
 
 
 
 
Calbe, Germany
 
Owned
8 
41

Schraplau, Germany
 
Owned
9 
N/A

____________
1
The calculated annual nameplate capacity in the United States, Europe and Asia Pacific is based on management’s historical experience with our production process and is calculated assuming continuous operation, 24 hours per day, seven days per week, producing 5/16” medium density product at a targeted operating speed. No accepted industry standard exists for the calculation of our fiber cement, fiber gypsum and cement bonded board manufacturing facility nameplate, design and utilization capacities.
2
In the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2018, we announced a Greenfield capacity project in Prattville, Alabama. The expected commissioning date will be in fiscal year 2022. This project will add an additional nameplate 600 mmsf to our manufacturing capacity. This incremental capacity is not included in the table above.
3
On 5 May 2020, we announced our operational decision to shut down production at our Summerville, South Carolina plant. We expect the plant to close in mid calendar year 2020.




 
 
James Hardie 2020 Annual Report on Form 20-F
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4
In the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2018, we announced an A$28.5 million (US$22.8 million) Brownfield expansion project at our Carole Park, Queensland facility. This expansion project was completed in the third quarter of fiscal year 2020. We anticipate we will commission this sheet machine in early fiscal year 2022. This incremental capacity is not included in the table above.
5
On 5 May 2020, we announced our strategic decision to move to a regional model for the manufacture and supply of fiber cement products for the New Zealand Market. We will cease all manufacturing of products in New Zealand under this model and shift manufacturing from Auckland, New Zealand to our Rosehill and Carole Park plants in Australia. The Auckland leases expire on 22 March 2026.
6
The land on which our Philippines fiber cement plant is located is owned by Ajempa Holding Inc. (“Ajempa”), a related party. Ajempa is 40% owned by our operating entity, James Hardie Philippines Inc., and 60% owned by the James Hardie Philippines Retirement Fund. James Hardie Philippines Inc. owns 100% of the fixed assets on the land owned by Ajempa.
7
On 5 May 2020, we announced the temporary closure of our Siglingen, Germany plant.
8
Our Calbe, Germany plant produces cement bonded boards.
9
Our Schraplau, Germany facility is a raw materials processing facility for our fiber gypsum plants. As a result, no annual nameplate capacity is available.
We continually evaluate the capacity required to service the housing markets in which we operate to ensure we meet demand and achieve our market penetration objectives. For a discussion of significant active and recently completed capacity expansion projects, see “Capital Expenditures” below.

Management has determined that for measuring the annual design capacity of the fiber cement and fiber gypsum network, the calculation should incorporate our expected production based upon our historical experience with certain factors such as demand, product mix of varying thickness and density, batch size, plant availability, differing production speeds and downtime expectations.

Based on the methodology noted above, for the year ended 31 March 2020 and 2019, we had an annual fiber cement flat sheet design capacity of 4,330 mmsf and 4,060 mmsf in the United States, respectively, and 730 mmsf and 707 mmsf in Asia Pacific, respectively. For the years ended 31 March 2020 and 2019, we had an annual design capacity of 790 mmsf and 800 mmsf, respectively, for our European fiber gypsum plants. It is important to note that annual design capacity does not necessarily reflect the actual capacity utilization rates of our manufacturing facilities. Actual utilization is calculated using actual production, which is affected by factors such as demand, product mix, batch size, plant availability and production speeds. For fiscal year 2020, actual capacity utilization across our fiber cement and fiber gypsum plants was an average of 79%, 77% and 90% in the United States, Europe and Asia Pacific, respectively. For fiscal year 2019, actual capacity utilization across our fiber cement and fiber gypsum plants was an average of 84%, 75% and 95% in the United States, Europe and Asia Pacific, respectively.
Mines
In North America, we lease silica quartz mine sites in Tacoma, Washington and Reno, Nevada. The lease for our quartz mine in Tacoma, Washington expires in February 2022 (with additional options to renew). The lease for our silica quartz mine site in Reno, Nevada expires in January 2024. We also own property in Victorville, California which could be mined for silica. As of 30 April 2020, we have not begun to mine this site and have no immediate plans to do so. We continue to lease a parcel of land in Victorville, California adjacent to and for access to our owned property, as well as providing an equipment area for mining operations.
As a mine operator in the US, we are required by Section 1503(a) of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (the “Dodd-Frank Act”), and rules promulgated by the SEC implementing that section of the Dodd-Frank Act, to provide certain information concerning mine safety violations and other regulatory matters concerning the operation of our mines. During fiscal year 2020, we did not receive any notices, citations, orders, legal action or other communication from the US Department of Labor’s Mine Safety and Health Administration that would necessitate additional disclosure under Section 1503(a) of the Dodd-Frank Act. Similarly, we have not experienced any mining-related fatalities in our mining operations.




 
 
James Hardie 2020 Annual Report on Form 20-F
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There are currently no pending legal actions before the Federal Mine Safety and Health Review Commission related to our mining operations.
Our Fermacell business has an operating license for a mining facility in Schraplau, Germany, however no active mining is being undertaken, or allowed with respect to the former owner FELS-WERKE GmbH, and the mine is only being used for storage of material. We also have an investment in a natural gypsum mine in Spain.

Our New Zealand business quarries and removes sand from a site in North Auckland according to rights to do so for a period through until 31 March 2021.
Capital Expenditures
We utilize a mix of operating cash flow and debt facilities to fund our capital expenditure projects and investments. We continuously invest in safety, equipment maintenance and upgrades, and capacity to ensure continued environmental compliance and operating effectiveness of our plants. The following table sets forth our capital expenditures for the three most recent fiscal years:
 
 
(Millions of US dollars)
  
 
2020
 
2019
 
2018
North America Fiber Cement
 
$
137.1

 
$
246.8

 
$
182.5

Asia Pacific Fiber Cement
 
32.2

 
41.1

 
24.9

Europe Building Products
 
23.5

 
26.0

 

Other Businesses
 

 
1.5

 
2.0

R&D and Corporate
 
1.0

 
2.1

 
0.8

Total Capital Expenditures
 
$
193.8

 
$
317.5

 
$
210.2

Significant active capital expenditures
At 31 March 2020, the following significant capital expenditures related to capacity projects remain in progress:
Project Description
 
Approximate
Investment
(US millions)
 
Investment
to date
(US millions)
 
Project
Start Date
 
Expected
Commission
Date
 
Expected
Nameplate Capacity
Increase1 (mmsf)
Prattville Greenfield expansion
 
$
240.0

 
$
214.1

 
Q4FY18
 
FY22
 
600
____________
1
The expected nameplate capacity increase is based on management’s historical experience with our production process and is calculated assuming continuous operation, 24 hours per day, seven days per week, producing 5/16” medium density product at a targeted operating speed. It does not take into account factors such as product mix with varying thickness and density, batch size, plant availability and production speeds.




 
 
James Hardie 2020 Annual Report on Form 20-F
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Significant completed capital expenditure projects
The following is a list of significant capital expenditure projects we have invested in over the three most recent fiscal years:

Project Description
 
Total
Investment
(US Millions)
 
Fiscal Year of
Expenditure
Summerville recommissioning
 
$
15.7

 
FY17 - FY18
Philippines capacity expansion
 
18.0

 
FY16 - FY19
Tacoma Greenfield expansion
 
147.0

 
FY17 - FY20
Carole Park Brownfield expansion

 
$
21.6

 
FY19 - FY20

Capital Divestitures
During the three most recent fiscal years, we did not make any material capital divestitures. In fiscal year 2020, a US$61.7 million impairment charge was recorded to Property, Plant and Equipment associated with the closures of our Summerville, USA and Penrose, New Zealand manufacturing facilities, as well as, the closure of James Hardie Systems and the impairment of additional non-core assets. We do not consider the exit from our Summerville, USA plant or from the James Hardie Systems business a material divestiture or a strategic shift in the nature of our operations. Further, we do not consider the closure of our Penrose, New Zealand plant a material divestiture. We announced our plans to close the plant due to our strategic decision to shift to an import sales model with product to be manufactured and imported from Australia.
In fiscal year 2019, a US$8.7 million impairment charge was recorded to Property, Plant and Equipment which includes US$6.1 million associated with our decision to cease production of our fiberglass windows business and US$2.6 million related to the discontinuation of our MCT product line. We do not consider the exit from our fiberglass windows business or our MCT product line a material divestiture or strategic shift in the nature of our operations. See Note 8 to our consolidated financial statements in Section 2 for additional information about our impairment charges to Property, Plant and Equipment.








 
 
James Hardie 2020 Annual Report on Form 20-F
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DIRECTORS, SENIOR MANAGEMENT AND EMPLOYEES
James Hardie Executive Team
Our management is overseen by our executive team, whose members cover the key areas of finance, human resources, investor relations, legal, manufacturing, marketing, operations, production, R&D and sales.
Members of our management executive team at 30 April 2020 are:
Jack Truong BS, PhD
Chief Executive Officer
Age 57
jacktruong27croppedgreyscale.jpg
Dr Jack G. Truong joined James Hardie as President of International Operations in April 2017. Dr Truong was announced Chief Executive Officer ("CEO") successor and appointed President and Chief Operating Officer with the responsibility of running the Company's global business in September 2018. He was officially appointed CEO in January 2019.
                                                                                                                                         
Dr Truong’s ability to anticipate global market trends and deliver profitable revenue growth is evidenced by his extensive multinational and multisector business experience. Prior to James Hardie, Dr Truong was the President and Chief Executive Officer of leading home appliance manufacturer, Electrolux North America Inc, a $5+ billion revenue and 14,000+ employee business at the time of his leadership.
 

Before joining Electrolux, Dr Truong enjoyed a successful 22-year career at 3M Company, where he held senior leadership roles throughout the United States, Europe and Asia-Pacific, including Vice President and General Manager of the Global Construction and Home Improvements Division and Global Office Supplies Division.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 
As an engineer and inventor himself – earning his PhD in chemical engineering from the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in New York – Dr Truong is the recipient of 11 U.S. patents and several international patents.  Dr Truong also enjoys giving time to philanthropic causes and professional industry associations, receiving multiple accolades for his humanitarian work and business accomplishments.




 
 
James Hardie 2020 Annual Report on Form 20-F
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Jason Miele BA  
Chief Financial Officer
Age 43
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Jason Miele was appointed as Chief Financial Officer (“CFO”) in February 2020. As CFO he oversees the Company’s overall financial activities, including accounting, tax, treasury, performance and competitor analysis, internal audit, financial operations, information systems, and investor and media relations.

Mr Miele has over 13 years of experience with James Hardie and has served in a number of important roles during his tenure, including most recently, as Vice President – Investor and Media Relations, a position he held from February 2017. In that role, Mr Miele had responsibility for overseeing James Hardie’s investor relations strategy and communicating James Hardie’s business strategy and its financial performance
to various stakeholders including shareholders, investment analysts, and the financial media.
Prior to that, Mr Miele served in a variety of roles of increasing responsibility, in finance functions such as Treasury, Controllership and Operational Finance, including reporting to the CFO as the Global Treasurer and later the Global Controller. Mr Miele has supported the James Hardie business during his tenure, working in multiple geographies including Dublin, Ireland, Amsterdam, Netherlands, Mission Viejo, California and Chicago, Illinois in the United States and most recently, Sydney, Australia.
Mr Miele has a Bachelor’s Degree from the University of California at Santa Barbara, where he graduated with a degree in Business Economics with an emphasis in Accounting.

Sean Gadd BEng, MBA 
Executive Vice President, North America Commercial
Age 47
seangadd18cropgshr.jpg
Sean Gadd joined James Hardie in 2004 as a Regional Engineering Manager for the Asia Pacific business, and progressed to Plant Manager for both the Carole Park and Rosehill facilities in Australia. Mr Gadd then moved to the US in 2006 to take the role of Manufacturing Manager for Trim and various manufacturing facilities across the US.
In 2009, Mr Gadd ran the US trim business for James Hardie with responsibility for both Manufacturing and Sales, followed by a brief assignment leading Supply Chain. In 2012, Mr Gadd was promoted to the role of Vice President of Sales for Western USA and Canada. Over the next year, his role was expanded to include the Midwest and Northeast of the USA.

Mr Gadd was appointed Executive General Manager in September 2013 with full responsibility for the Northern Division. In October 2015, he was appointed Executive Vice President, Markets and Segments, North America with responsibility for Strategic Marketing and Development. In December 2018, Mr Gadd was appointed Executive Vice President, North America Commercial with responsibility for sales, products, segments and marketing.
Mr Gadd has a Bachelor of Engineering in Manufacturing Management and an executive MBA from the Australian Graduate School of Management, Australia.




 
 
James Hardie 2020 Annual Report on Form 20-F
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Ryan Kilcullen BSc, MS 
Executive Vice President – Operations
Age 39
ryankicullen03cropgshr.jpg
Ryan Kilcullen joined James Hardie in 2007 as a PcI/PdI Engineer. Since then, he has worked for the Company in various manufacturing and supply chain roles including Process Engineer, Production Manager, and Supply Chain Engineer. In 2012, he became Supply Chain Manager, ColorPlus® Business Unit, responsible for the end-to-end design and performance of our ColorPlus® product line supply chain. In 2013, he became responsible for North American Supply Chain operations, with responsibilities that included Procurement, Network Planning, Production Planning, Transportation, Distribution Management, Customer Service, and Inside Sales. In June 2015, he was appointed Vice President – Central Operations, responsible for the Company’s Supply Chain Operations and Centralized Manufacturing functions.
In August 2016, he was appointed Executive Vice President – Operations, responsible for the Company’s Supply Chain, Manufacturing, Engineering and Environmental, Health & Safety Operations.
Mr Kilcullen has a Bachelor of Science in Industrial Engineering from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and a Master of Engineering in Logistics from Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Conrad Groenewald B.Tech, MDP, MBA
General Manager, Asia Pacific
Age 47
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Conrad Groenewald joined James Hardie in January 2015 as General Manager, Asia Pacific.

As General Manager for Asia Pacific based in Sydney, Australia, Mr Groenewald has responsibility for running the Company’s business across Australia, New Zealand, the Philippines and the rest of SE Asia.

Before joining James Hardie, Mr Groenewald held senior executive roles with the shared services entity of NSW Health, HealthShare NSW; initially as the Chief Operating Officer and then moving into the role of Chief Executive Officer. During his time in this role, he was responsible for setting the strategic direction of HealthShare NSW, while ensuring that the 7,000 staff provided professional services to the NSW


Health department’s back of the house services.

After graduating in 1995, Mr Groenewald started his career as a Process Engineer at Mondi Paper (part of Anglo American Group) in South Africa. There he progressed through the business to Production Manager, and eventually Operations Manager, prior to emigrating to Australia in 2002. In Australia, Mr Groenewald joined Visy Industries where he spent almost 10 years in Senior Operations Management roles across various divisions throughout Australia.

Mr Groenewald has an MBA from The Open University UK, an MDP Business Administration and Management from UNISA, and has a Chemical Engineering qualification and Bachelor of Technology in Pulp and Paper from Durban University of Technology.







 
 
James Hardie 2020 Annual Report on Form 20-F
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Jörg Brinkmann MS, PhD
General Manager, Europe
Age 41
jorgbrinkmannjameshardie9766.jpg
Dr Jörg Brinkmann joined James Hardie as General Manager, Europe in April 2018 as part of the Fermacell GmbH acquisition. In this role he is responsible for running the Company’s European activities, which are headquartered in Düsseldorf, Germany.
Before joining James Hardie, Dr Brinkmann held several German as well as international leadership roles in Sales and Marketing at the Xella Group (the former owner of the Fermacell business) starting in 2005. In 2014 he was appointed CEO of the former Fermacell Company with responsibility for the entire business. Under his leadership, the company achieved significant profitable growth.


Dr Brinkmann holds a Masters degree (“Diplom-Kaufmann”) from the University of Duisburg-Essen as well as a PhD from the University of Hohenheim, Germany.


Julie Katigan BA, MA
Chief Human Resources Officer
Age 53
juliekatiganpic2.jpg
Julie Katigan joined James Hardie as Chief Human Resources Officer (“CHRO”) in May 2019.  As CHRO she has responsibility for the Company’s global human resource activities, including employee engagement, leadership and talent development and human resources strategy.

Most recently, Ms Katigan was the Senior Vice President, Human Resources for XPO Logistics’ Americas and Asia Pacific Supply Chain business unit, responsible for approximately 25,000 employees in 400 locations across the globe. 

Prior to XPO Logistics, Ms Katigan held senior human resources leadership roles in


both business partnering and specialty areas such as Talent Management and Organizational Development, with well-established companies that included Colfax Corporation, Electrolux, Mead Johnson Nutrition and Ford Motor Company. 

Ms Katigan has a Bachelor of Arts degree in English and a Master’s degree in Labor and Industrial Relations from Michigan State University.
 








 
 
James Hardie 2020 Annual Report on Form 20-F
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Joe Blasko BSFS, JD 
General Counsel and Chief Compliance Officer
Age 53
joeblaskocropgreylr.jpg
Joe Blasko joined James Hardie as General Counsel and Chief Compliance Officer in June 2011.
Before joining James Hardie, Mr Blasko was Assistant General Counsel, and later, the General Counsel at Liebert Corporation, an Emerson Network Power Systems company and wholly-owned subsidiary of Emerson Electric Co. In his four years with Liebert/Emerson, Mr Blasko was responsible for establishing the legal department in Columbus, Ohio, managing and overseeing all legal matters and working closely with the executive management team. In this role, Mr Blasko also had global responsibilities which required expertise across multiple jurisdictions.

From 2004 to 2006, Mr Blasko was Associate General Counsel at The Scotts Miracle-Gro Company, serving as the effective “general counsel” to numerous corporate divisions within the organization. From 1997 to 2004, Mr Blasko gained considerable regulatory and litigation expertise working at Vorys, Sater, Seymour and Pease LLP in Ohio.
Mr Blasko has a Juris Doctor from Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland, Ohio, USA and a Bachelor of Science in Foreign Service from Georgetown University, USA, with a specialty in International Relations, Law and Organizations.







 
 
James Hardie 2020 Annual Report on Form 20-F
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Board of Directors
James Hardie’s non-executive directors have widespread experience, spanning general management, finance, manufacturing, marketing and accounting. Each non-executive director also brings valuable international experience that assists with James Hardie’s growth. For additional information, see "Section 1 - Corporate Governance Report" of this Annual Report.
Members of the Board of Directors (the “Board”) at 30 April 2020 are: