Officers, Shareholder Vote, Regulation FD, Other Events, Exhibits
Other Events, Exhibits
Regulation FD, Exhibits
Enter Agreement, Earnings, Off-BS Arrangement, Exhibits
Regulation FD, Exhibits
Enter Agreement, Exhibits
Allied Motion Technologies
Pioneer Power Solutions
Wireless Telecom Group
Item 1 - Business
Item 1A - Risk Factors
Item 1B - Unresolved Staff Comments
Item 2 - Properties
Item 3 - Legal Proceedings
Item 4 - Mine Safety Disclosures
Item 5 - Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Share Owner Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
Item 6 - Selected Financial Data
Item 7 - Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 7A - Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 8 - Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
Note 1 Business Description and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Note 2 Acquisitions
Note 3 Revenue From Contracts with Customers
Note 4 Inventories
Note 5 Property and Equipment
Note 6 Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets
Note 7 Commitments and Contingent Liabilities
Note 8 Credit Facilities
Note 9 Employee Benefit Plans
Note 10 Stock Compensation Plans
Note 11 Income Taxes
Note 12 Share Owners' Equity
Note 13 Fair Value
Note 14 Derivative Instruments
Note 15 Investments
Note 16 Accrued Expenses
Note 17 Geographic Information
Note 18 Earnings per Share
Note 19 Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
Note 20 Quarterly Financial Information (Unaudited)
Item 9 - Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure
Item 9A - Controls and Procedures
Item 9B - Other Information
Item 10 - Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance
Item 11 - Executive Compensation
Item 12 - Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Share Owner Matters
Item 13 - Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence
Item 14 - Principal Accounting Fees and Services
Item 15 - Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules
Item 16 - Form 10-K Summary
Kimball Electronics Earnings 2019-06-30
KE 10K Annual Report
10-K 1 ke06302019q410k.htm KIMBALL ELECTRONICS, INC. FORM 10-K Document
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
x ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended June 30, 2019
o TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from to
Commission File Number 001-36454
KIMBALL ELECTRONICS, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
(State or other jurisdiction of
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
incorporation or organization)
1205 Kimball Boulevard, Jasper, Indiana
(Address of principal executive offices)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each Class
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, no par value
The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes o No x
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Act. Yes o No x
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (Section 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes x No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer o
Accelerated filer x
Emerging growth company o
Non-accelerated filer o
Smaller reporting company o
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o No x
The aggregate market value of the common stock held by non-affiliates, as of December 31, 2018 (the last business day of the Registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter), was $380.4 million based on 96.0% of common stock held by non-affiliates.
The number of shares outstanding of the Registrant’s common stock as of August 13, 2019 was 25,418,807 shares.
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Portions of the Proxy Statement for the Annual Meeting of Share Owners to be held on November 7, 2019, are incorporated by reference into Part III.
As used herein, the terms “Company,” “Kimball Electronics,” “we,” “us,” or “our” refer to Kimball Electronics, Inc., the Registrant, and its subsidiaries. Reference to a year relates to a fiscal year, ended June 30 of the year indicated, rather than a calendar year unless the context indicates otherwise. Additionally, references to the first, second, third, and fourth quarters refer to those respective quarters of the fiscal year indicated.
This document contains certain forward-looking statements. These are statements made by management, using their best business judgment based upon facts known at the time of the statements or reasonable estimates, about future results, plans, or future performance and business of the Company. Such statements involve risk and uncertainty, and their ultimate validity is affected by a number of factors, both specific and general. They should not be construed as a guarantee that such results or events will, in fact, occur or be realized as actual results may differ materially from those expressed in these forward-looking statements. The statements may be identified by the use of words such as “believes,” “anticipates,” “expects,” “intends,” “plans,” “projects,” “estimates,” “forecasts,” “seeks,” “likely,” “future,” “may,” “might,” “should,” “would,” “will,” and similar expressions. It is not possible to foresee or identify all factors that could cause actual results to differ from expected or historical results. We make no commitment to update these factors or to revise any forward-looking statements for events or circumstances occurring after the statement is issued, except as required by law.
The risk factors discussed in Item 1A - Risk Factors of this report could cause our results to differ materially from those expressed in forward-looking statements. There may be other risks and uncertainties that we are unable to predict at this time or that we currently do not expect to have a material adverse effect on our business. Any such risks could cause our results to differ materially from those expressed in forward-looking statements.
At any time when we make forward-looking statements, we desire to take advantage of the “safe harbor” which is afforded such statements under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 where factors could cause actual results to differ materially from forward-looking statements.
Kimball Electronics was founded in 1961 and was incorporated in 1998. We are a global, multifaceted manufacturing solutions provider. We provide contract electronics manufacturing services (“EMS”) and diversified manufacturing services, including engineering and supply chain support, to customers in the automotive, medical, industrial, and public safety end markets. We offer a package of value that begins with our core competency of producing “durable electronics” and have expanded into diversified contract manufacturing services for non-electronic components, medical disposables, and precision molded plastics. This package of value includes our set of robust processes and procedures that help us ensure that we deliver the highest levels of quality, reliability, and service throughout the entire life cycle of our customers’ products. We believe our customers appreciate our body of knowledge as it relates to the design and manufacture of their products that require durability, reliability, the highest levels of quality control, and regulatory compliance. We deliver award-winning service from our highly integrated global footprint which is enabled by a largely common operating system, a standardization strategy, global procedures, and teamwork. Our Customer Relationship Management (“CRM”) model is key to providing our customers convenient access to our global footprint and all of our services throughout the entire product life cycle. Because our customers are in businesses where engineering changes must be tightly controlled and long product life cycles are common, our track record of quality, financial stability, social responsibility, and commitment to long-term relationships is important to them.
The Company acquired GES Holdings, Inc., Global Equipment Services and Manufacturing, Inc., and its subsidiaries (collectively referred to as “GES”) on October 1, 2018, which specialize in design, production, and servicing of automation, test, and inspection equipment for industrial applications in the semiconductor, electronics, and life sciences industries.
We have been producing safety critical electronic assemblies for our automotive customers for over 30 years. During this time, we have built up a body of knowledge that has not only proven to be valuable to our automotive customers, but to our medical, industrial, and public safety customers as well. We have been successful in growing and diversifying our business by leveraging our automotive experience and know-how in the areas of design and process validation, traceability, process and change control, and lean manufacturing to create valuable and innovative solutions for customers in the medical, industrial, and
public safety end market verticals. These solutions include diversified contract manufacturing services for medical disposables, precision molded plastics, and now provided through GES, design, production, and servicing of automation, test, and inspection equipment for industrial applications. We have harmonized our quality systems to be compliant with various important industry certifications and regulatory requirements. This allows us to take advantage of other strategic points of leverage in the supply chain and within our operations so we can cost-effectively manufacture electronic and non-electronic products in the same production facility for customers from all four of our end market verticals.
Many of our customers are multinational companies that sell their products in multiple regions of the world. For these customers, it is important for them to be able to leverage their investment in their supply partner relationships such that the same partner provides them with engineering, manufacturing, and supply chain support in multiple regions of the world. It is common for us to manufacture the same product for the same customer in multiple locations. Our strategy for expanding our global footprint has aligned us with the preferences of the customers in our four end market verticals and has positioned us well to support their global growth initiatives. Our global systems, procedures, processes, and teamwork combined with our CRM model have allowed us to accomplish this goal for many of our largest customers.
Our global processes and central functions that support component sourcing, procurement, quoting, and customer pricing provide commonality and consistency among the various regions in which we operate. We have a central, global sourcing organization that utilizes procurement processes and practices to help secure sources from around the world and to ensure sufficient availability of components and a uniform approach to pricing while leveraging the purchase volume of the entire organization. Customer pricing for the products we produce is primarily managed centrally utilizing a standardized quoting model regardless of where our customers request their products to be produced.
Our CRM model combines members of our team from within our manufacturing facilities and members of our business development team who reside remotely and nearer to our customers around the world. We also have cross functional teams in the areas of quality, operational excellence, quoting, and design engineering with representatives from our various locations that provide support to our teams on a global basis. The skill sets of these team members and the clarity in their roles and responsibilities help provide our customers with a strong conduit that is critical to execution and forming a strong relationship. We have institutionalized a customer scorecard process that provides all levels of our company with valuable feedback that helps us drive the actions for continuous improvement. Our customer scorecard process has helped us deliver award-winning service and build loyalty with our customers.
Our corporate headquarters is located at 1205 Kimball Boulevard, Jasper, Indiana. Production occurs in our facilities located in the United States, China, Mexico, Poland, Romania, Thailand, and Vietnam.
Our services are sold globally on a contract basis, and we produce products to our customers’ specifications. Our manufacturing services primarily include:
Design services and support;
Supply chain services and support;
Rapid prototyping and new product introduction support;
Product design and process validation and qualification;
Industrialization and automation of manufacturing processes;
Reliability testing (testing of products under a series of extreme environmental conditions);
Production and testing of printed circuit board assemblies (PCBAs);
Assembly, production, and packaging of medical disposables and other non-electronic products;
Design engineering and manufacturing of automation, test, and inspection equipment;
Design engineering and production of precision molded plastics;
Software design capabilities; and
Complete product life cycle management.
We pride ourselves on the fact that we pay close attention to the evolving needs and preferences of our customers. As we have done in the past, we will continue to look for opportunities to grow and diversify our business by expanding our package of value and our global footprint.
Kimball Electronics, Inc. was a wholly owned subsidiary of Kimball International, Inc. (“former Parent” or “Kimball International”) and on October 31, 2014 became a stand-alone public company upon the completion of a spin-off from former Parent. In conjunction with the spin-off, on October 31, 2014, Kimball International distributed 29.1 million shares of Kimball Electronics common stock to Kimball International Share Owners. Holders of Kimball International common stock received three shares of Kimball Electronics common stock for every four shares of Kimball International common stock held on October 22, 2014. Kimball International structured the distribution to be tax free to its U.S. Share Owners for U.S. federal income tax purposes.
Operating segments are defined as components of an enterprise for which separate financial information is available that is evaluated regularly by the chief operating decision maker, or decision-making group, in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance. Each of our business units qualifies as an operating segment with its results regularly reviewed by our chief operating decision maker. Our chief operating decision maker is our Chief Executive Officer. Our operating segments meet the aggregation criteria under the current accounting guidance for segment reporting. As of June 30, 2019, all of our business units provide contract manufacturing services for electronic and other assemblies or components primarily in automotive, medical, industrial, and public safety applications, all to the specifications and designs of our customers. The nature of the products, the production process, the type of customers, and the methods used to distribute the products, all have similar characteristics. Each of our business units service customers in multiple markets and many of our customers’ programs are manufactured and serviced by multiple business units. We leverage global processes such as component procurement and customer pricing that provide commonality and consistency among the various regions in which we operate. All of our operating segments have similar long-term economic characteristics and, as such, have been aggregated into one reportable segment.
Our Business Strategy
We intend to achieve sustained, profitable growth in the markets we serve by supporting the global growth initiatives of our customers, and we will continue our development into a multifaceted manufacturing solutions company. Key elements of executing our strategy include:
Leveraging Our Global Footprint – continue our strategy of utilizing our presence in key global regions, including new potential country locations and/or facility expansion as our customer demands dictate;
Expanding Our Package of Value – enhance our core strengths and expand upon our package of value through diversified contract manufacturing services in areas such as complex system assembly, specialized processes, precision molded plastics; and
Expanding Our Markets - explore opportunities that will broaden existing or establish new markets, capabilities, or technologies such as automation, test, and inspection equipment for industrial applications.
We expect to make investments that will strengthen or add new capabilities to our package of value as a multifaceted manufacturing solutions company, including through acquisitions. As part of this strategy, we acquired GES on October 1, 2018. GES specializes in design, production, and servicing of automation, test, and inspection equipment for industrial applications in the semiconductor, electronics, and life sciences industries. See Item 1A - Risk Factors for risks associated with this acquisition and Note 2 - Acquisitions of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for more information on this acquisition.
Our Business Offerings
We offer contract electronics manufacturing services, including engineering and supply chain support, to customers in the automotive, medical, industrial, and public safety end market verticals. We further offer diversified contract manufacturing services for non-electronic components, medical disposables, precision molded plastics, and production automation, test, and inspection equipment. Our services support the complete product life cycle of our customers’ products, and our processes and capabilities cover a range of products from high volume-low mix to high mix-low volume. We collaborate with third-party design services companies to bring innovative, complete design solutions to our customers. We offer Design for Excellence input to our customers as a part of our standard package of value. We use sophisticated software tools to integrate the supply chain in a way that provides our customers with the flexibility their business requires. Our robust new product introduction process and our extensive manufacturing capabilities give us the ability to execute to the quality and reliability expectations in the electronics manufacturing industry.
We value our customers and their unique needs and expectations. Our customer focus and dedication to unparalleled excellence in engineering and manufacturing has resulted in proven success in the contract manufacturing industry. Personal relationships are important to us. We strive to build long-term global partnerships. Our commitment to support our customers is backed by our history and demonstrated performance over the past 50 years.
Manufacturing services, including engineering and supply chain support, are marketed by our business development team. We use a CRM model to provide our customers with convenient access to our global footprint and all of our services throughout the entire product life cycle.
Major Competitive Factors
Key competitive factors in the markets we serve include competitive pricing, quality and reliability, engineering design services, production flexibility, on-time delivery, customer lead time, test capability, and global presence. Numerous contract manufacturing service providers compete globally for business from existing and potential customers. We also face competition from our customers’ own capacity and capabilities to in-source production. Growth in the EMS industry is created through the proliferation of electronic components in today’s advanced products and the continuing trend of original equipment manufacturers in the electronics industry subcontracting the assembly process to companies with a core competency in this area. The nature of the EMS industry is such that the start-up of new customers and new programs to replace expiring programs occurs frequently. New customer and program start-ups generally cause losses early in the life of a program, which are generally recovered as the program becomes established and matures. Our continuing success depends upon our ability to replace expiring customers/programs with new customers/programs.
We do not believe that we, or the industry in general, have any special practices or special conditions affecting working capital items that are significant for understanding our business other than fluctuating inventory levels which may increase in conjunction with the start-up of new programs and component availability.
Our Competitive Strengths
Our competitive strengths derive from our experience of producing safety critical electronic assemblies for automotive customers for over 30 years and leveraging this experience to create valuable and innovative solutions for customers in different industries. Our core strengths include:
Our core competency of producing durable electronics;
Our body of knowledge as it relates to the design and manufacture of products that require high levels of quality control, reliability, and durability;
Our highly integrated, global footprint;
Our capability to provide our customers diversified contract manufacturing services for non-electronic components, medical disposables, precision molded plastics, and automation, test, and inspection equipment;
Our CRM model and our customer scorecard process;
Our ability to provide our customers with valuable input regarding designs for improved manufacturability, reliability, and cost;
Our quality systems, industry certifications, and regulatory compliance;
Our integrated supply chain solutions and competitive bid process resulting in competitive raw material pricing; and
Complete product life cycle management.
The EMS industry is very competitive as numerous manufacturers compete for business from existing and potential customers. Our competition includes EMS companies such as Benchmark Electronics, Inc., Jabil Inc., and Plexus Corp. We do not have a significant share of the EMS market and were ranked the 19th largest global EMS provider for calendar year 2018 by Manufacturing Market Insider in the March 2019 edition published by New Venture Research.
As of June 30, 2019, we have eleven manufacturing facilities with two located in Indiana, two in China, and one located in each of California, Florida, Mexico, Poland, Romania, Thailand, and Vietnam. We continually assess our capacity needs and evaluate our operations to optimize our service levels for supporting our customers’ needs around the globe. During fiscal year 2019, we acquired GES which has manufacturing facilities in California, China, and Vietnam. See Item 1A - Risk Factors for information regarding financial and operational risks related to our international operations and acquisitions.
Consolidated sales revenue is generally not affected by seasonality.
While the total electronic assemblies market has broad applications, our customers are concentrated in the automotive, medical, industrial, and public safety industries.
Sales by industry as a percent of net sales for each of the three years in the period ended June 30, 2019 were as follows:
Year Ended June 30
Included in our sales were a significant amount to Philips, ZF, and Nexteer Automotive, which accounted for the following portions of net sales:
Year Ended June 30
The nature of the contract manufacturing business is such that start-up of new programs to replace expiring programs occurs frequently. Our agreements with customers are often not for a definitive term and are amended and extended, but generally continue for the relevant product’s life cycle, which can be difficult to predict at the beginning of a program. Typically, our customer agreements do not commit the customer to purchase our services until a purchase order is provided, which are generally short-term in nature. Our customers generally have the right to cancel a particular program subject to contractual provisions governing termination, the final product runs, excess or obsolete inventory, and end-of-life pricing, which reduces the additional costs that we incur when a manufacturing services agreement is terminated.
The aggregate sales price of production pursuant to unfulfilled customer orders, which in certain cases may be canceled by the customer subject to contractual termination provisions, was $417.8 million and $293.1 million as of June 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively. Open orders have increased partly as a result of certain key customers placing orders with increased lead times. Substantially all of the open orders as of June 30, 2019 are expected to be filled within the next fiscal year. Open orders may not be indicative of future sales trends due to the contract nature of our business.
Raw materials utilized in the manufacture of contract electronic products are generally readily available from both domestic and foreign sources, although from time to time the industry experiences shortages of certain components due to supply and demand forces, combined with rapid product life cycles of certain components. In addition, unforeseen events such as natural disasters can and have disrupted portions of the supply chain. We believe that maintaining close communication with suppliers helps minimize potential disruption in our supply chain.
Raw materials are normally acquired for specific customer orders and may or may not be interchangeable among products. Inherent risks associated with rapid technological changes within this contract industry are mitigated by procuring raw materials, for the most part, based on firm orders. In certain instances, such as when lead times dictate, we enter into contractual agreements for material in excess of the levels required to fulfill customer orders. In turn, material authorization agreements with customers cover a portion of the exposure for material which is purchased prior to having a firm order. We may also purchase additional inventory to support new product introductions, transfers of production between manufacturing facilities, and to mitigate the potential impact from component shortages.
Our primary intellectual property is our proprietary manufacturing technology and processes which allow us to provide competitive contract manufacturing services to our customers. As such, this intellectual property is complex and normally contained within our facilities. The nature of this know-how does not lend itself well to traditional patent protection. In addition, we feel the best protection strategy involves maintaining our intellectual property as trade secrets because there is no disclosure of the information to outside parties, and there is no expiration on the length of protection. For these reasons, we do not own any patents that we consider significant to our business. Our registered trademarks consist of the “Kimball” name as registered in certain categories relating to our electronics manufacturing and design services, which was assigned to us by former Parent, and the “GES and Design” trademark acquired through the GES acquisition.
Environment and Energy Matters
Our operations are subject to various foreign, federal, state, and local laws and regulations with respect to environmental matters. We believe that we are in substantial compliance with present laws and regulations and that there are no material liabilities related to such items.
We are dedicated to excellence, leadership, and stewardship in protecting the environment and communities in which we have operations. We believe that continued compliance with foreign, federal, state, and local laws and regulations which have been enacted relating to the protection of the environment will not have a material effect on our capital expenditures, earnings, or competitive position. Management believes capital expenditures for environmental control equipment during the two fiscal years ending June 30, 2021 will not represent a material portion of total capital expenditures during those years.
Our operations require significant amounts of energy, including natural gas and electricity. Federal, foreign, and state regulations may control the allocation of fuels available to us, but to date we have experienced no interruption of production due to such regulations.
As of June 30, 2019, Kimball Electronics employed approximately 6,300 people worldwide, with approximately 1,300 located in the United States and approximately 5,000 located in foreign countries. Our U.S. operations are not subject to collective bargaining arrangements. Certain foreign operations are subject to collective bargaining arrangements, many mandated by government regulation or customs of the particular countries. We believe that our employee relations are good.
The Company makes available free of charge through its website, http://investors.kimballelectronics.com, its annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, proxy statements, and all amendments to those reports as soon as reasonably practicable after such material is electronically filed with, or furnished to, the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). All reports the Company files with the SEC are also available via the SEC website, http://www.sec.gov. The Company’s website and the information contained therein, or incorporated therein, are not intended to be incorporated into this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Item 1A - Risk Factors
The following important risk factors, among others, could affect future results and events, causing results and events to differ materially from those expressed or implied in forward-looking statements made in this report and presented elsewhere by management from time to time. Such factors, among others, may have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations and should be carefully considered. Additional risks and uncertainties that we do not currently know about, we currently believe are immaterial, or we have not predicted may also affect our business, financial condition, or results of operations. Because of these and other factors, past performance should not be considered an indication of future performance.
Risks Relating to Our Business
Uncertain macroeconomic and industry conditions could adversely impact demand for our products and services and adversely affect operating results.
Market demand for our products and services, which impacts revenues and gross profit, is influenced by a variety of economic and industry factors such as:
instability of the global financial markets;
uncertainty of worldwide economic conditions;
tariffs and international trade relations;
volatile energy costs;
erosion of global consumer confidence;
general corporate profitability of our end markets;
credit availability to our customers and our customers’ end markets;
demand fluctuations in the industries we currently serve, including automotive, medical, industrial, and public safety;
demand for end-user products that contain assemblies or components produced by us; and
changes in customer order patterns, including changes in product quantities, delays in orders, or cancellation of orders.
We must make decisions based on order volumes in order to achieve efficiency in manufacturing capacities. These decisions include determining what level of additional business to accept, production schedules, component procurement commitments, and personnel requirements, among various other considerations. We must constantly monitor the changing economic landscape and may modify our strategic direction based upon the changing business environment. If we do not react quickly enough to the changes in market or economic conditions, it could result in lost customers, decreased market share, and increased operating costs.
Many countries, including certain of those in North America, Europe, and Asia in which we operate, have in the recent past experienced economic uncertainty, slow economic growth, or recession. The economic expansion of recent years may slow and recessionary conditions may return, which could result in our customers or potential customers reducing or delaying orders as well as a number of other negative effects on our business, such as increased pricing pressures, the insolvency of suppliers, which could cause production delays, the inability of customers to obtain credit, or the insolvency of customers. In addition, the uncertainties of the market and economic conditions caused by strained international trade relations, such as the relations between the United States and China and the United Kingdom’s pending exit from the European Union, could have an adverse effect on our business and results of operations.
We are exposed to the credit risk of our customers.
The instability of market conditions drives an elevated risk of potential bankruptcy of customers resulting in a greater risk of uncollectible outstanding accounts receivable. Accordingly, we intensely monitor our receivables and related credit risks. The realization of these risks could have a negative impact on our profitability.
Reduction of purchases by, or the loss of, one or more key customers could reduce revenues and profitability.
Losses of key customers within specific industries or significant volume reductions from key customers are both risks. If one of our current customers merges with or is acquired by a party that currently is aligned with a competitor, or the combination creates excess capacity, we could lose future revenues. Our continuing success is dependent upon replacing expiring contract customers/programs with new customers/programs. See “Customers” in Item 1 - Business for disclosure of the net sales as a percentage of consolidated net sales for each of our significant customers during fiscal years 2019, 2018, and 2017. Regardless of whether our agreements with our customers, including our significant customers, have a definite term, our customers typically do not have an obligation to purchase a minimum quantity of products or services as individual purchase orders or other product or project specific documentation are typically entered into from time to time. Our customers generally have the right to cancel a particular product, subject to contractual provisions governing the final product runs, excess or obsolete inventory, and end-of-life pricing. As such, our ability to continue the relationships with such customers is uncertain.
Significant declines in the level of purchases by key customers or the loss of a significant number of customers could have a material adverse effect on our business. In addition, the nature of the contract manufacturing industry is such that the start-up of new customers and new programs to replace expiring programs occurs frequently, and new customer and program start-ups generally cause losses early in the life of a program. We can provide no assurance that we will be able to fully replace any lost sales, which could have an adverse effect on our financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.
We operate in a highly competitive environment and may not be able to compete successfully.
Numerous manufacturers within the contract manufacturing industry compete globally for business from existing and potential customers. Some of our competitors have greater resources and more geographically diversified international operations than we do. We also face competition from the manufacturing operations of our customers, who are continually evaluating the merits of manufacturing products internally against the advantages of outsourcing to contract manufacturing service providers. In the past, some of our customers have decided to in-source a portion of their manufacturing from us in order to utilize their excess internal manufacturing capacity. The competition may further intensify as more companies enter the markets in which we operate, as existing competitors expand capacity, and as the industry consolidates.
In relation to customer pricing pressures, if we cannot achieve the proportionate reductions in costs, profit margins may suffer. The high level of competition in the industry impacts our ability to implement price increases or, in some cases, even maintain prices, which also could lower profit margins. In addition, as end markets dictate, we are continually assessing excess capacity and developing plans to better utilize manufacturing operations, including consolidating and shifting manufacturing capacity to lower cost venues as necessary.
We may be unable to purchase a sufficient amount of materials, parts, and components for use in our products at competitive prices, in a timely manner, or at all.
We depend on suppliers globally to provide timely delivery of materials, parts, and components for use in our products. The financial stability of suppliers is monitored by us when feasible as the loss of a significant supplier could have an adverse impact on our operations. Suppliers adjust their capacity as demand fluctuates, and component shortages and/or component allocations could occur in addition to longer lead times. Certain components purchased by us are primarily manufactured in select regions of the world and issues in those regions could cause manufacturing delays. Maintaining strong relationships with key suppliers of components critical to the manufacturing process is essential. Price increases of commodity components, including increased tariffs, could have an adverse impact on our profitability if we cannot offset such increases with other cost reductions or by price increases to customers. Materials utilized in our manufacturing process are generally available, but future availability is unknown and could impact our ability to meet customer order requirements. If suppliers fail to meet commitments to us in terms of price, delivery, or quality, it could interrupt our operations and negatively impact our ability to meet commitments to customers.
Our operating results could be adversely affected by increases in the cost of fuel and other energy sources.
The cost of energy is a critical component of freight expense and the cost of operating manufacturing facilities. Increases in the cost of energy could reduce our profitability.
We are subject to manufacturing inefficiencies due to start-up of new programs, transfer of production, and other factors.
At times, we may experience labor or other manufacturing inefficiencies due to factors such as start-up of new programs, transfers of production among our manufacturing facilities, a sudden decline in sales, a new operating system, or turnover in personnel. Manufacturing inefficiencies could have an adverse impact on our financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.
A change in our sales mix among various products could have a negative impact on our gross profit margin.
Changes in product sales mix could negatively impact our gross margin as margins of different products vary. We strive to improve the margins of all products, but certain products have lower margins in order to price the product competitively or in connection with the start-up of a new program. An increase in the proportion of sales of products with lower margins could have an adverse impact on our financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.
We may implement future restructuring efforts and those efforts may not be successful.
We continually evaluate our manufacturing capabilities and capacities in relation to current and anticipated market conditions. We may implement restructuring plans in the future, and the successful execution of those restructuring initiatives will be dependent on various factors and may not be accomplished as quickly or effectively as anticipated.
We will face risks commonly encountered with growth through acquisitions.
Our sales growth plans may occur through both organic growth and acquisitions. Acquisitions involve many risks, including:
difficulties in identifying suitable acquisition candidates and in negotiating and consummating acquisitions on terms attractive to us;
difficulties in the assimilation of the operations of the acquired company;
the diversion of resources, including diverting management’s attention from our current operations;
risks of entering new geographic or product markets in which we have limited or no direct prior experience;
the potential loss of key customers of the acquired company;
the potential loss of key employees of the acquired company;
the potential incurrence of indebtedness to fund the acquisition;
the potential issuance of common stock for some or all of the purchase price, which could dilute ownership interests of our current Share Owners;
the acquired business not achieving anticipated revenues, earnings, cash flow, or market share;
the assumption of undisclosed liabilities;
potential adverse tax effects; and
dilution of earnings.
We may not be successful in launching start-up operations.
We are committed to growing our business, and therefore from time to time, we may determine that it would be in our best interest to start up a new operation. Start-up operations involve a number of risks and uncertainties, such as funding the capital expenditures related to the start-up operation, developing a management team for the new operation, diversion of management focus away from current operations, and creation of excess capacity. Any of these risks could have a material adverse effect on our financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.
If efforts to start-up new programs are not successful, this could limit sales growth or cause sales to decline.
As we depend on industries that utilize technologically advanced electronic components which often have short life cycles, we must continue to invest in advanced equipment and product development to remain competitive in this area. The start-up of new programs requires the coordination of the design and manufacturing processes. The design and engineering required for certain new programs can take an extended period of time, and further time may be required to achieve customer acceptance. Accordingly, the launch of any particular program may be delayed, less successful than we originally anticipated, or not successful at all. Difficulties or delays in starting up new programs or lack of customer acceptance of such programs could limit sales growth or cause sales to decline and adversely impact our operating results.
Our international operations involve financial and operational risks.
We have operations outside the United States, primarily in China, Mexico, Poland, Romania, Thailand, and Vietnam. Our international operations are subject to a number of risks, which may include the following:
economic and political instability, including the uncertainties caused by the United Kingdom’s pending exit from the European Union;
warfare, riots, terrorism, and other forms of violence or geopolitical disruption;
compliance with laws, such as the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, applicable to U.S. companies doing business outside the United States;
changes in U.S. or foreign policies, regulatory requirements, and laws;
tariffs and other trade barriers, including tariffs imposed by the United States as well as responsive tariffs imposed by China, the European Union, or Mexico;
renegotiation of the North American Free Trade Agreement (“NAFTA”) to the new United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (“USMCA”);
potentially adverse tax consequences, including changes in tax rates and the manner in which multinational companies are taxed in the United States and other countries; and
foreign labor practices.
These risks could have an adverse effect on our financial position, results of operations, or cash flows. In addition, fluctuations in exchange rates could impact our operating results. Our risk management strategy includes the use of derivative financial instruments to hedge certain foreign currency exposures. Any hedging techniques we implement contain risks and may not be entirely effective. Exchange rate fluctuations could also make our products more expensive than competitors’ products not subject to these fluctuations, which could adversely affect our revenues and profitability in international markets.
Certain foreign jurisdictions restrict the amount of cash that can be transferred to the United States or impose taxes and penalties on such transfers of cash. To the extent we have excess cash in foreign locations that could be used in, or is needed by, our operations in the United States, we may incur significant penalties and/or taxes to repatriate these funds.
If customers do not perceive our engineering and manufacturing services to be innovative and of high quality, our reputation could suffer.
We believe that establishing and maintaining a good reputation is critical to our business. Promotion and enhancement of our name will depend on the effectiveness of marketing and advertising efforts and on successfully providing innovative and high-quality engineering and manufacturing services. If customers do not perceive our services to be innovative and of high quality, our reputation could suffer, which could have a material adverse effect on our business.
Failure to effectively manage working capital may adversely affect our cash flow from operations.
We closely monitor inventory and receivable efficiencies and continuously strive to improve these measures of working capital, but customer financial difficulties, cancellation or delay of customer orders, shifts in customer payment practices, transfers of production among our manufacturing facilities, additional inventory purchases to mitigate potential impact from component shortages, or manufacturing delays could adversely affect our cash flow from operations.
We may not be able to achieve maximum utilization of our manufacturing capacity.
Most of our customers do not commit to long-term production schedules, and we are unable to forecast the level of customer orders with certainty over a given period of time. As a result, at times it can be difficult for us to schedule production and maximize utilization of our manufacturing capacity. Fluctuations and deferrals of customer orders may have a material adverse effect on our ability to utilize our fixed capacity and thus negatively impact our operating margins.
We could incur losses due to asset impairment.
As business conditions change, we must continually evaluate and work toward the optimum asset base. It is possible that certain assets such as, but not limited to, facilities, equipment, intangible assets, or goodwill could be impaired at some point in the future depending on changing business conditions. Such impairment could have an adverse impact on our financial position and results of operations.
Fluctuations in our effective tax rate could have a significant impact on our financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.
Our effective tax rate is highly dependent upon the geographic mix of earnings across the jurisdictions where we operate. Changes in tax laws or tax rates in those jurisdictions could have a material impact on our operating results. Judgment is required in determining the worldwide provision for income taxes, other tax liabilities, interest, and penalties. We base our tax position upon the anticipated nature and conduct of our business and upon our understanding of the tax laws of the various countries in which we have assets or conduct activities. Our tax position, however, is subject to review and possible challenge by taxing authorities and to possible changes in law (including adverse changes to the manner in which the United States and other countries tax multinational companies or interpret their tax laws). We cannot determine in advance the extent to which some jurisdictions may assess additional tax or interest and penalties on such additional taxes. In addition, our effective tax rate may be increased by changes in the valuation of deferred tax assets and liabilities, changes in our cash management strategies, changes in local tax rates, or countries adopting more aggressive interpretations of tax laws.
Several countries where we operate provide tax incentives to attract and retain business. We have obtained incentives where available and practicable. Our taxes could increase if: certain incentives were retracted, they were not renewed upon expiration, we no longer qualify for such programs, or tax rates applicable to us in such jurisdictions were otherwise increased. In addition, further acquisitions may cause our effective tax rate to increase. Given the scope of our international operations and our international tax arrangements, changes in tax rates and the manner in which multinational companies are taxed in the United States and other countries could have a material impact on our financial results and competitiveness. For example, on December 22, 2017, the United States enacted the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (“Tax Reform”), which includes a number of significant changes to previous U.S. tax laws that impact us, including provisions for a one-time transition tax on deemed repatriation of undistributed foreign earnings and a reduction in the corporate tax rate from 35% to 21%, among other changes. Tax Reform also transitions U.S. international taxation from a worldwide system to a modified territorial system and includes base erosion prevention measures on non-U.S. earnings.
Certain of our subsidiaries provide financing, products, and services to, and may undertake certain significant transactions with, other subsidiaries in different jurisdictions. Moreover, several jurisdictions in which we operate have tax laws with detailed transfer pricing rules which require that all transactions with non-resident related parties be priced using arm’s length pricing principles and that contemporaneous documentation must exist to support such pricing. Due to inconsistencies among jurisdictions in the application of the arm’s length standard, our transfer pricing methods may be challenged and, if not upheld, could increase our income tax expense. Risks associated with transfer pricing adjustments are further highlighted by the global initiative from the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (“OECD”) known as the Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (“BEPS”) project. The BEPS project is challenging longstanding international tax norms regarding the taxation of profits from cross-border business. Given the scope of our international operations and the fluid and uncertain nature of how the BEPS project might ultimately lead to future legislation, it is difficult to assess how any changes in tax laws would impact our income tax expense.
Changes in financial accounting standards or policies have affected, and in the future may affect, our reported financial condition or results of operations.
We prepare our financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP. These principles are subject to interpretation by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”), the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants, the SEC, and various bodies formed to interpret and create appropriate accounting policies. A change in these policies can have a significant effect on our reported results and may affect our reporting of transactions that are completed before a change is announced. Changes to those rules or questions as to how we interpret or implement them may have a material adverse effect on our reported financial results or on the way we conduct business. For example, as of July 1, 2018, we adopted the new accounting guidance for Revenue from Contracts with Customers, which changed our revenue recognition pattern as a majority of our sales are now recognized over time as manufacturing services are performed. This is a change from our previous revenue recognition pattern as revenue was historically recognized at a point in time when title and risk of loss passed to the customer. See Note 1 - Business Description and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies and Note 3 - Revenue from Contracts with Customers of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for more information on the adoption of the new revenue guidance.
A failure to comply with the financial covenants under our primary credit facility could adversely impact us.
Our primary credit facility requires us to comply with certain financial covenants. We believe the most significant covenants under this credit facility are the ratio of consolidated total indebtedness minus unencumbered U.S. cash on hand in the United States in excess of $15 million to adjusted consolidated EBITDA, as defined in the credit facility, and the fixed charge coverage ratio. More detail on these financial covenants is discussed in Item 7 - Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations. As of June 30, 2019, we had $122.8 million in borrowings under this credit facility and had total cash and cash equivalents of $49.3 million. In the future, a default on the financial covenants under our credit facility could cause an increase in the borrowing rates or make it more difficult for us to secure future financing, which could adversely affect our financial condition.
Our business may be harmed due to failure to successfully implement information technology solutions or a lack of reasonable safeguards to maintain data security, including adherence to data privacy laws and physical security measures.
The operation of our business depends on effective information technology systems, which are subject to the risk of security breach or cybersecurity threat, including misappropriation of assets or other sensitive information, such as confidential business information and personally identifiable data relating to employees, customers, and other business partners, or data corruption which could cause operational disruption. As we could be the target of cyber and other security threats, which are becoming increasingly sophisticated, we must continuously monitor and develop our information technology networks and infrastructure to prevent, detect, address, and mitigate the risk of unauthorized access, misuse, computer viruses, and other events that could have a security impact. Information systems require an ongoing commitment of significant resources to research new technologies and processes, maintain and enhance existing systems, and develop new systems in order to keep pace with changes in information processing technology and evolving industry standards as well as to protect against cyber risks and security breaches. While we provide employee awareness training around phishing, malware, and other cyber threats to help protect against these cyber and security risks, we cannot ensure the measures we take to protect our information technology systems will be sufficient.
Implementation delays, poor execution, or a breach of information technology systems could disrupt our operations, damage our reputation, or increase costs related to the mitigation of, response to, or litigation arising from any such issue. Similar risks exist with our third-party vendors. Any problems caused by these third parties, including those resulting from disruption in communications services, cyber attacks, or security breaches, have the potential to hinder our ability to conduct business. In addition, data privacy laws and regulations, such as the European Union General Data Protection Regulation (“GDPR”), pose increasingly complex compliance challenges and potentially elevate costs, and any failure to comply with these laws and regulations could result in significant penalties.
Failure to protect our intellectual property could undermine our competitive position.
Competing effectively depends, to a significant extent, on maintaining the proprietary nature of our intellectual property. We attempt to protect our intellectual property rights worldwide through a combination of trademark, copyright, and trade secret laws, as well as licensing agreements and third-party non-disclosure and assignment agreements. Because of the differences in foreign laws concerning proprietary rights, our intellectual property rights do not generally receive the same degree of protection in foreign countries as they do in the United States, and therefore in some parts of the world, we have limited protections, if any, for our intellectual property. If we are unable to adequately protect our intellectual property embodied in our solutions, designs, processes, and products, the competitive advantages of our proprietary technology could be reduced or eliminated, which would harm our business and could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and financial position.
We may be sued by third parties for alleged infringement of their intellectual property rights and incur substantial litigation or other costs.
We may be sued by third parties who allege that our products or services infringe their intellectual property rights. Such claims, regardless of their merits, could result in substantial costs and diversion of resources in the defense or settlement of such claims. In the event of a claim upheld against us, we may be required to spend a significant amount of money and effort to develop non-infringing alternatives or obtain and maintain licenses. We may not be successful in developing such alternatives or obtaining or maintaining such licenses on reasonable terms or at all, which could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial position, or cash flows.
Our insurance may not adequately protect us from liabilities related to product defects.
We maintain product liability and other insurance coverage that we believe to be generally in accordance with industry practices. However, our insurance coverage may not be adequate to protect us fully against substantial claims and costs that may arise from liabilities related to product defects, particularly if we have a large number of defective products or if the root cause is disputed.
Our failure to maintain Food and Drug Administration (FDA) registration of one or more of our registered manufacturing facilities could negatively impact our ability to produce products for our customers in the medical industry.
To maintain FDA registration, Kimball Electronics is subject to FDA audits of the manufacturing process. FDA audit failure could result in a partial or total suspension of production, fines, or criminal prosecution. Failure or noncompliance could have an adverse effect on our reputation in addition to an adverse impact on our financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.
We are subject to extensive environmental regulation and significant potential environmental liabilities.
The past and present operation and ownership by Kimball Electronics of manufacturing plants and real property are subject to extensive and changing federal, state, local, and foreign environmental laws and regulations, including those relating to discharges in air, water, and land, the handling and disposal of solid and hazardous waste, the use of certain hazardous materials in the production of select products, and the remediation of contamination associated with releases of hazardous substances. In addition, the increased prevalence of global climate change concerns may result in new regulations that may negatively impact us. We cannot predict what environmental legislation or regulations will be enacted in the future, how existing or future laws or regulations will be administered or interpreted, or what environmental conditions may be found to exist. Compliance with more stringent laws or regulations, or stricter interpretation of existing laws, may require additional expenditures, some of which could be material. In addition, any investigations or remedial efforts relating to environmental matters could involve material costs or otherwise result in material liabilities.
Our failure to retain the existing management team, maintain our engineering, technical, and manufacturing process expertise, or continue to attract qualified personnel could adversely affect our business.
We depend significantly on our executive officers and other key personnel. The unexpected loss of the services of any one of these executive officers or other key personnel may have an adverse effect on us.
Our success also depends on keeping pace with technological advancements and adapting services to provide manufacturing capabilities which meet customers’ changing needs. Therefore, we must retain our qualified engineering and technical personnel and successfully anticipate and respond to technological changes in a cost effective and timely manner. Our culture and guiding principles focus on continuous training, motivating, and development of employees, and we strive to attract, motivate, and retain qualified personnel. Failure to retain and attract qualified personnel could adversely affect our business.
Availability of manufacturing labor and turnover in personnel could cause manufacturing inefficiencies and increase operating costs.
The demand for manufacturing labor and the low unemployment rate in certain geographic areas in which we operate make recruiting new production employees and retaining experienced production employees difficult. Shortage of production workers could adversely impact our ability to complete our customers’ orders on a timely basis, which could adversely affect our relations with customers, potentially resulting in reduction in orders from customers or loss of customers. Turnover in personnel could result in additional training and inefficiencies that could adversely impact our operating results.
Natural disasters or other catastrophic events may impact our production schedules and, in turn, negatively impact profitability.
Natural disasters or other catastrophic events, including severe weather, terrorist attacks, power interruptions, and fires, could disrupt operations and likewise our ability to produce or deliver products. Our manufacturing operations require significant amounts of energy, including natural gas and oil, and governmental regulations may control the allocation of such fuels to Kimball Electronics. Employees are an integral part of our business, and events such as a pandemic could reduce the availability of employees reporting for work. In the event we experience a temporary or permanent interruption in our ability to produce or deliver product, revenues could be reduced, and business could be materially adversely affected. In addition, catastrophic events, or the threat thereof, can adversely affect U.S. and world economies, and could result in delayed or lost revenue for our services. In addition, any continuing disruption in our computer systems could adversely affect the ability to receive and process customer orders, manufacture products, and ship products on a timely basis, and could adversely affect relations with customers, potentially resulting in reduction in orders from customers or loss of customers. We maintain insurance to help protect us from costs relating to some of these matters, but such may not be sufficient or paid in a timely manner to us in the event of such an interruption.
Imposition of government regulations may significantly increase our operating costs in the United States and abroad.
Legislative and regulatory reforms by the U.S. federal and foreign governments could significantly impact the profitability of Kimball Electronics by burdening us with forced cost choices that cannot be recovered by increased pricing or, if we increase our pricing, this could negatively impact demand for our products. For example:
International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) must be followed when producing defense related products for the U.S. government. A breach of these regulations could have an adverse impact on our financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows.
Foreign regulations are increasing in many areas such as data privacy, hazardous waste disposal, labor relations, and employment practices.
Changes in policies by the U.S. or other governments could negatively affect our operating results due to changes in duties, tariffs or taxes, or limitations on currency or fund transfers, as well as government-imposed restrictions on producing certain products in, or shipping them to, specific countries. For example, potential changes in NAFTA, including as a result of USMCA, could adversely affect our operations in Mexico. Also, our facility in Mexico operates under the Mexican Maquiladora (“IMMEX”) program. This program provides for reduced tariffs and eased import regulations. We could be adversely affected by changes in the IMMEX program or our failure to comply with its requirements. As another example, the U.S. government has imposed tariffs on certain products imported from China as well as steel and aluminum imported from the European Union. China and the European Union have imposed tariffs on U.S. products in retaliation. These tariffs could force our customers or us to consider various strategic options including, but not limited to, looking for different suppliers, shifting production to facilities in different geographic regions, absorbing the additional costs, or passing the cost on to customers. Ultimately, these tariffs could adversely affect the competitiveness of our domestic operations, which could lead to the reduction or exit of certain U.S. manufacturing capacity. The U.S. government may impose additional tariffs on automotive imports from the European Union. Depending on the types of changes made, demand for our foreign manufacturing facilities could be reduced, or operating costs in our manufacturing facilities could be increased, which could negatively impact our financial performance. Moreover, any retaliatory actions by other countries where we operate could also negatively impact our financial performance.
SEC “Conflict Minerals” regulation may increase our costs and reduce our sales levels.
As a result of the Dodd-Frank Act, the SEC adopted rules establishing due diligence, disclosure, and reporting requirements for public companies which manufacture products that include components containing certain minerals referred to as “conflict minerals.” Since certain products we manufacture for our customers contain such minerals, we are required to determine, disclose, and report whether or not such minerals in our products originate from the Democratic Republic of Congo (“DRC”) and adjoining countries. Such regulations could decrease the availability and increase the prices of components used in our products, particularly if we choose (or are required by our customers) to source such components from different suppliers. In addition, as our supply chain is complex and the process to comply with the SEC rules is cumbersome, the ongoing compliance process is both time-consuming and costly. We may face reduced sales if we are unable to timely verify the origins of minerals contained in the components included in our products, or supply disruptions if our due diligence process reveals that materials we source contain minerals that originated in the DRC or adjoining countries.
Risks Relating to the Spin-Off
If the distribution pursuant to the spin-off does not qualify as a tax-free transaction, tax could be imposed on the Share Owners and former Parent, and we may be required to indemnify former Parent for its tax.
In connection with the spin-off, former Parent received (i) a ruling from the Internal Revenue Service (the “IRS”) that the Parent stock unification will not cause Parent to recognize income or gain as a result of the distribution; and (ii) an opinion of Squire Patton Boggs (US) LLP to the effect that the distribution satisfies the requirements to qualify as a tax-free transaction for U.S. federal income tax purposes under Section 355 of the Code. However, the validity of both the IRS ruling and the tax opinion is subject to the accuracy of factual representations and assumptions provided by former Parent and us in connection with obtaining the IRS ruling and the tax opinion, including with respect to post-spin-off operations and conduct of the parties. Neither former Parent nor we are aware of any facts or circumstances that would cause these statements or representations to be incomplete or untrue or cause the facts on which the opinion is based to be materially different from the facts at the time of the spin-off. However, if these representations and assumptions are inaccurate or incomplete in any material respect, including those relating to the past and future conduct of the business, then we will not be able to rely on the IRS ruling or the tax opinion.
Furthermore, the tax opinion is not binding on the Internal Revenue Service or the courts. Accordingly, the IRS or the courts may reach conclusions with respect to the spin-off that are different from the conclusions reached in the opinion. If, notwithstanding our receipt of the tax opinion, the spin-off is determined to be taxable, then (i) former Parent would be subject to tax as if it sold the Kimball Electronics common stock in a taxable sale for its fair market value; and (ii) each Share Owner who received Kimball Electronics common stock would be treated as receiving a distribution of property in an amount equal to the fair market value of the Kimball Electronics common stock that would generally result in varied tax liabilities for each Share Owner depending on the facts and circumstances.
Pursuant to the Tax Matters Agreement entered into in connection with the spin-off, (i) we agreed (a) not to enter into any transaction that could cause any portion of the spin-off to be taxable to former Parent, including under Section 355(e) of the Code; and (b) to indemnify former Parent for any tax liabilities resulting from such transactions; and (ii) former Parent agreed to indemnify us for any tax liabilities resulting from such transactions entered into by former Parent. In addition, under U.S. Treasury regulations, each member of former Parent’s consolidated group at the time of the spin-off (including us and our subsidiaries) is jointly and severally liable for the resulting U.S. federal income tax liability if all or a portion of the spin-off does not qualify as a tax-free transaction, and we have agreed to indemnify former Parent for a portion of certain tax liabilities incurred in connection with the spin-off under certain circumstances. These obligations may discourage, delay, or prevent a change of control of our company.
We share directors with former Parent, which means the overlap may give rise to conflicts.
Certain members of our Board of Directors serve, or have served, as directors of former Parent, but the overlapping directors do not constitute a majority of our Board members. These directors may have actual or apparent conflicts of interest with respect to matters involving or affecting us or former Parent. For example, there could be the potential for a conflict of interest when we or former Parent look at acquisitions and other corporate opportunities that may be suitable for both companies. Also, conflicts may arise if there are issues or disputes under the commercial arrangements that may exist between former Parent and us. Our Board of Directors and the Board of Directors of former Parent will review and address any potential conflict of interests that may arise between former Parent and us. Although no specific measures to resolve such conflicts of interest have been formulated, our Board of Directors and the Board of Directors of former Parent have a fiduciary obligation to deal fairly and in good faith. Our Board of Directors exercises reasonable judgment and takes such steps as they deem necessary under all of the circumstances in resolving any specific conflict of interest which may occur and will determine what, if any, specific measures, such as retention of an independent advisor, independent counsel, or special committee, may be necessary or appropriate. Any such conflict could have a material adverse effect on our business.
Risks Relating to Our Common Stock
Our stock price may fluctuate significantly.
The market price of our common stock may fluctuate widely, depending on many factors, some of which may be beyond our control, including:
actual or anticipated fluctuations in our operating results due to factors related to our business;
wins and losses on contract competitions and new business pursuits;
success or failure of our business strategy;
our quarterly or annual earnings, or those of other companies in our industry;
our ability to obtain financing as needed;
announcements by us or our competitors of significant acquisitions or dispositions;
successful integration of acquisitions or greenfield start-ups;
changes in accounting standards, policies, guidance, interpretations or principles;
the failure of securities analysts to cover our common stock;
changes in earnings estimates by securities analysts or our ability to meet those estimates;
the operating and stock price performance of other comparable companies;
the changes in customer requirements for our products and services;
natural or environmental disasters that investors believe may affect us;
overall market fluctuations;
results from any material litigation or government investigation;
changes in laws and regulations affecting our business; and
general economic conditions and other external factors.
Stock markets in general have experienced volatility that has often been unrelated to the operating performance of a particular company. These broad market fluctuations, coupled with changes in results of operations and general economic, political, and market conditions, could adversely affect the trading price of our common stock.
Anti-takeover provisions in our organizational documents, the Tax Matters Agreement, and Indiana law could delay or prevent a change in control.
We have adopted the Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation and the Amended and Restated Bylaws. Certain provisions of the Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation and the Amended and Restated Bylaws may delay or prevent a merger or acquisition that a Share Owner may consider favorable. For example, the Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation authorizes our Board of Directors to issue one or more series of preferred stock, prevents Share Owners from acting by written consent, and requires a supermajority Share Owner approval for certain business combinations with related persons. These provisions may discourage acquisition proposals or delay or prevent a change in control, which could harm our stock price. Indiana law also imposes some restrictions on potential acquirers.
Under the Tax Matters Agreement entered into in connection with the spin-off, we have agreed not to enter into any transaction involving an acquisition (including issuance) of our common stock or any other transaction (or, to the extent we have the right to prohibit it, to permit any such transaction) that could cause the distribution pursuant to the spin-off to be taxable to former Parent. We have also agreed to indemnify former Parent for any tax resulting from any such transactions. Generally, former Parent will recognize taxable gain on the distribution if there are one or more acquisitions (including issuances) of our capital stock, directly or indirectly, representing 50% or more, measured by vote or value, of our then-outstanding capital stock, and the acquisitions or issuances are deemed to be part of a plan or series of related transactions that include the distribution. As a result, our obligations may limit our ability to pursue strategic transactions or engage in new business or other transactions that may maximize our business and might discourage, delay, or prevent a change of control of our company.
We cannot assure you that we will pay dividends on our stock in the future.
We have not paid any dividends on our common stock since the spin-off. The timing, declaration, amount, and payment of future dividends to our Share Owners will fall within the discretion of our Board of Directors and will depend on many factors, including our financial condition, results of operations and capital requirements, industry practice, and other business considerations that our Board of Directors considers relevant from time to time. In addition, our ability to declare or the amount of any future dividends may be restricted by the provisions of Indiana law and covenants in our primary credit facility. We do not have a plan to pay future dividends at this time. There can be no assurance that we will pay a dividend in the future or continue to pay any dividend if we do commence the payment of dividends. To the extent that expectations by market participants regarding the potential payment, or amount, of any dividend prove to be incorrect, the price of our common stock may be materially and negatively affected, and investors that bought shares of our common stock based on those expectations may suffer a loss on their investment.
Item 1B - Unresolved Staff Comments
Item 2 - Properties
As of June 30, 2019, we had eleven manufacturing facilities with two located in Indiana, two in China, and one located in each of California, Florida, Mexico, Poland, Romania, Thailand, and Vietnam. These facilities occupy approximately 1,358,000 square feet in aggregate, substantially all of which are owned. In addition, we own a 42,000 square-foot building to house our headquarters located in Jasper, Indiana.
Generally, our manufacturing facilities are utilized at normal capacity levels on a multiple shift basis. At times, certain facilities utilize reduced shifts. Due to demand and sales fluctuations, not all facilities were utilized at normal capacity during fiscal year 2019. We continually assess our capacity needs and evaluate our operations to optimize our service levels by geographic region. See Item 1A - Risk Factors for information regarding financial and operational risks related to our international operations.
Significant loss of income resulting from a facility catastrophe would be partially offset by business interruption insurance coverage.
The Company holds land leases for our facilities in China, Thailand, and Vietnam with these leases expiring from fiscal year 2030 to 2057. See Note 7 - Commitments and Contingent Liabilities of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information concerning leases. In addition, we own approximately 97 acres of land which includes land where our facilities reside.
Item 3 - Legal Proceedings
We and our subsidiaries are not parties to any pending legal proceedings, other than ordinary routine litigation incidental to the business. The outcome of current routine pending litigation, individually and in the aggregate, is not expected to have a material adverse impact on our business or financial condition.
Item 4 - Mine Safety Disclosures
Information about Our Executive Officers
Our executive officers as of August 27, 2019 are as follows:
(Age as of August 27, 2019)
Office and Area of Responsibility
Donald D. Charron
Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer
Desiree L. Castillejos
Vice President, Corporate Development and M&A, and Chief Strategy Officer
Roger Chang (Chang Shang Yu)
Vice President, Asian Operations
Jessica L. DeLorenzo
Vice President, Human Resources
John H. Kahle
Vice President, General Counsel, Chief Compliance Officer, and Secretary
Janusz F. Kasprzyk
Vice President, European Operations
Steven T. Korn
Vice President, North American Operations
Michael K. Sergesketter
Vice President, Chief Financial Officer
Sandy A. Smith
Vice President, Information Technology
Kathy R. Thomson
Vice President, Global Business Development and Design Services
Christopher J. Thyen
Vice President, New Platforms
Executive officers are appointed annually by the Board of Directors. The following is a brief description of the business experience during the past five or more years of each of our executive officers.
Mr. Charron is our Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer. Prior to the spin-off, he served as an Executive Vice President of former Parent, a member of the Board of Directors of former Parent, and the President of the Kimball Electronics Group that now comprises Kimball Electronics following the spin-off. Mr. Charron had led the EMS segment of former Parent since joining former Parent in 1999. Mr. Charron’s extensive contract electronics industry experience prior to joining former Parent, as well as his intimate knowledge of former Parent’s EMS operations, provides valuable operational, strategic, and global market insights.
Ms. Castillejos was appointed Vice President, Corporate Development and M&A, and Chief Strategy Officer in August 2018. Prior to joining Kimball Electronics, she held the position of Vice President, Corporate Development for Nokia Technology since 2016. Prior to Nokia Technology, she served as the Vice President, Corporate Development for Persistent Systems since 2010.
Mr. Chang is our Vice President, Asian Operations and has served in this role since 2004.
Ms. DeLorenzo was appointed Vice President, Human Resources in June 2018. Ms. DeLorenzo joined Kimball Electronics in 2015 in the position of Director, Organizational Development. Before joining Kimball Electronics, she held the position of Director, Student Services at Vincennes University since 2011.
Mr. Kahle is our Vice President, General Counsel, Chief Compliance Officer, and Secretary. Mr. Kahle was appointed Chief Compliance Officer in April 2016 in addition to his Vice President, General Counsel, and Secretary role. Prior to the spin-off, he served as Executive Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary of former Parent and had served in this role with former Parent since 2001.
Mr. Kasprzyk is our Vice President, European Operations and has served in this role since 2008.
Mr. Korn is our Vice President, North American Operations and has served in this role since 2007.
Mr. Sergesketter is our Vice President, Chief Financial Officer. Prior to the spin-off, he served as Vice President, Chief Financial Officer for Kimball Electronics Group that now comprises Kimball Electronics following the spin-off. Mr. Sergesketter had served in this role with former Parent since 1996.
Ms. Smith is our Vice President, Information Technology and has served in this role since 2004.
Ms. Thomson was appointed Vice President, Global Business Development and Design Services in August 2018. Previously Ms. Thomson held the position of Vice President of Business Development for Creation Technologies since 2012.
Mr. Thyen was appointed our Vice President, New Platforms, in August 2018. Prior to this, he served as Vice President, Business Development since 2008.
Item 5 - Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Share Owner Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
The Company’s common stock trades on the NASDAQ Global Select Market of The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC (“NASDAQ”) under the symbol: KE.
We have not paid any dividends on our common stock since the spin-off. We do not have a plan to pay future dividends at this time.
On August 13, 2019, the Company’s common stock was owned by approximately 1,234 Share Owners of record.
Securities Authorized for Issuance Under Equity Compensation Plans
On October 21, 2015, our Board of Directors (the “Board”) approved an 18-month stock repurchase plan, authorizing the repurchase of up to $20 million worth of our common stock. Then, separately on each of September 29, 2016, August 23, 2017, and November 8, 2018, the Board extended and increased the Plan to allow the repurchase of up to an additional $20 million worth of common stock with no expiration date, which brought the total authorized stock repurchases under the Plan to $80 million.
During the three months ended June 30, 2019, the Company did not repurchase any common stock. During fiscal year 2019, the Company has repurchased $23.4 million of common stock under the Plan. The Company’s maximum value of remaining shares that may be purchased under the Plan was $12.1 million at June 30, 2019.
The following performance graph is not deemed to be “soliciting material” or to be “filed” with the SEC or subject to Regulation 14A or 14C under the Exchange Act or to the liabilities of Section 18 of the Exchange Act and will not be deemed to be incorporated by reference into any filing under the Securities Act or the Exchange Act, except to the extent the Company specifically incorporates it by reference into such a filing.
The graph below compares the cumulative total return to Share Owners of the Company’s common stock from November 3, 2014, the first day of trading in the Company’s common stock, through June 30, 2019, the last business day of the fiscal year, to the cumulative total return of the NASDAQ Stock Market (U.S.) and a peer group index for the same period of time. The peer group index is comprised of publicly traded companies in the EMS industry and includes: Benchmark Electronics, Inc., Flex Ltd., Jabil Inc., Plexus Corp., and Sanmina Corporation. The public companies included in the peer group each have a larger revenue base than we do.
The graph assumes $100 is invested in the Company’s stock and each of the two indexes at the closing market quotations on November 3, 2014, the first day of trading in Kimball Electronics common stock, and that dividends, if any, are reinvested. The performances shown on the graph are not necessarily indicative of future price performance.
(1) Fiscal year 2018 net income included income tax expense of $17.9 million ($0.66 per diluted share) due to the U.S. Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (“Tax Reform”) that was enacted into law in December 2017 and relates to the deemed repatriation of unremitted foreign earnings and the revaluation of net deferred tax assets.
Fiscal year 2017 net income included $2.5 million ($0.09 per diluted share) of after-tax income resulting from settlements received related to an antitrust class action lawsuit in which the Company was a member and $0.9 million ($0.03 per diluted share) of after-tax income resulting from the bargain purchase gain recognized in the acquisition of Aircom Manufacturing, Inc. See Note 2 - Acquisitions of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for more information regarding the acquisition and bargain purchase gain.
Fiscal year 2016 net income included a foreign income tax benefit of $1.8 million ($0.06 per diluted share) as a result of a favorable tax ruling related to the fiscal year 2015 capitalization of the Company’s Romania subsidiary.
Fiscal year 2015 net income included $2.4 million ($0.08 per diluted share) of after-tax expense related to the spin-off.
Item 7 - Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
We are a global, multifaceted manufacturing solutions provider. We provide contract electronics manufacturing services (“EMS”) and diversified manufacturing services, including engineering and supply chain support, to customers in the automotive, medical, industrial, and public safety end markets. Our core competency is producing durable electronics, and we further offer diversified contract manufacturing services for non-electronic components, medical disposables, precision molded plastics, and production automation, test, and inspection equipment. Our manufacturing services, including engineering and supply chain support, utilize common production and support capabilities globally. We are well recognized by our customers and the industry for our excellent quality, reliability, and innovative service. In 2018, we were recognized for achieving the Highest Overall Customer Rating in CIRCUITS ASSEMBLY’s 2018 Service Excellence Awards. CIRCUITS ASSEMBLY is a leading brand and technical publication for electronics manufacturers worldwide.
The contract manufacturing services industry is very competitive. As a mid-sized player, we can expect to be challenged by the agility and flexibility of the smaller, regional players, and we can expect to be challenged by the scale and price competitiveness of the larger, global players. We enjoy a unique market position between these extremes which allows us to compete with the larger scale players for high-volume projects, but also maintain our competitive position in the generally lower volume durable electronics market space. We expect to continue to effectively operate in this market space; however, one significant challenge will be maintaining our profit margins while we continue our revenue growth. Price increases are uncommon in the market as production efficiencies and material pricing advantages for most projects drive costs and prices down over the life of the projects. This characteristic of the contract electronics marketplace is expected to continue.
We continue to monitor the current economic and industry conditions for uncertainties that may pose a threat to our future growth or cause disruption in business strategy, execution, and timing in the markets in which we compete. One such trend that the EMS industry has recently experienced is component shortages and component allocations. Component shortages or allocations could increase component costs and potentially interrupt our operations and negatively impact our ability to meet commitments to customers. We have taken various actions to mitigate the risk and minimize the adverse effect the component shortages or allocations could have on our results and the impact to our customers. In addition, the impact from tariffs and additional proposed tariffs on components we utilize in our domestic manufacturing process, of which many currently can only be sourced from China, may adversely affect the competitiveness of our domestic operations.
The March 2019 edition of Manufacturing Market Insider published by NVR indicated that the group of leading EMS companies that comprise its annual list of the 50 largest EMS providers for 2018, of which we are a member, experienced revenue growth of 10.9% in calendar year 2018. During calendar year 2018, we experienced growth of approximately 13%.
Our overall expectation for the contract manufacturing services market is moderate growth with mixed demand. Our focus is on the four key vertical markets of automotive, medical, industrial, and public safety. Our current goal is to grow at an 8% annual organic growth rate.
The automotive end market continues to benefit from the trend of increasing electronic content that is placed in automobiles. The China automotive market has experienced a slowdown when compared to the past several years, partly related to tighter credit from increased government regulation on consumer lending practices in China in addition to the continued trade tensions between the United States and China. In the industrial market, growth was driven in large part from the sales of our recent acquisition completed on October 1, 2018, discussed in further detail below, in addition to increased end market demand for climate control products. Overall, we have experienced mixed demand in the public safety market. In the medical market, growth was driven largely from an overall strengthening of the market in addition to continued ramp-up of certain new program launches. We continue to monitor the current economic environment and its potential impact on our customers.
We expect to make investments that will help us continue our development into a multifaceted manufacturing solutions company, including through acquisitions. For example, the acquisitions of Medivative Technologies, LLC (“Medivative”) and Aircom Manufacturing, Inc. (“Aircom”) in fiscal years 2016 and 2017, respectively, provide capabilities that enhanced our package of value and grew our medical end market vertical. As discussed in Item 1 - Business, we acquired GES Holdings, Inc., Global Equipment Services and Manufacturing, Inc., and its subsidiaries (collectively referred to as “GES”) on October 1, 2018. GES specializes in design, production, and servicing of automation, test, and inspection equipment for industrial applications in the semiconductor, electronics, and life sciences industries. See Item 1A - Risk Factors for risks associated with this acquisition and Note 2 - Acquisitions of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for more information on acquisitions.
We have a strong focus on cost control and closely monitor market changes and our liquidity in order to proactively adjust our operating costs and discretionary capital spending as needed. Managing working capital in conjunction with fluctuating demand levels is likewise key. In addition, a long-standing component of our profit sharing incentive bonus plan is that it is linked to our financial performance which results in varying amounts of compensation expense as profits change.
We continue to maintain a strong balance sheet as of the end of fiscal year 2019, which included a current ratio of 2.0, a debt-to-equity ratio of 0.3, and Share Owners’ equity of $370 million. Our short-term liquidity available, represented as cash and cash equivalents plus the unused amount of our credit facilities, some of which are uncommitted, totaled $110.7 million at June 30, 2019.
In addition to the above discussion related to the current market conditions, management currently considers the following events, trends, and uncertainties to be most important to understanding our financial condition and operating performance:
Due to the contract and project nature of the contract manufacturing industry, fluctuation in the demand for our products and variation in the gross margin on those programs is inherent to our business. Effective management of manufacturing capacity is, and will continue to be, critical to our success.
The nature of the EMS industry is such that the start-up of new customers and new programs to replace expiring programs occurs frequently. While our agreements with customers generally do not have a definitive term and thus could be canceled at any time with little or no notice, we generally realize relatively few cancellations prior to the end of the product’s life cycle. We attribute this to our focus on long-term customer relationships, meeting customer expectations, required capital investment, and product qualification cycle times. As such, our ability to continue contractual relationships with our customers, including our principal customers, is not certain. New customers and program start-ups generally cause losses early in the life of a program, which are generally recovered as the program becomes established and matures.
Risk factors within our business include, but are not limited to, general economic and market conditions, customer order delays, globalization, impact related to tariffs and other trade barriers, foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations, rapid technological changes, component availability, supplier and customer financial stability, the contract nature of this industry, the concentration of sales to large customers, and the potential for customers to choose a dual sourcing strategy or to in-source a greater portion of their manufacturing. The continuing success of our business is dependent upon our ability to replace expiring customers/programs with new customers/programs. We monitor our success in this area by tracking the number of customers and the percentage of our net sales generated from them by years of service as depicted in the table below. While variation in the size of program award makes it difficult to directly correlate this data to our sales trends, we believe it does provide useful information regarding our customer loyalty and new business growth. Additional risk factors that could have an effect on our performance are located within Item 1A - Risk Factors.
Customer Service Years
More than 10 Years
% of Net Sales
# of Customers
5 to 10 Years
% of Net Sales
# of Customers
Less than 5 Years
% of Net Sales
# of Customers
% of Net Sales
# of Customers
Employees throughout our business operations are an integral part of our ability to compete successfully, and the stability of the management team is critical to long-term Share Owner value. Our talent management and succession planning processes help to maintain stability in management.
Certain preceding statements could be considered forward-looking statements under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and are subject to certain risks and uncertainties including, but not limited to, successful integration of acquisitions and new operations, adverse changes in the global economic conditions, the geopolitical environment, loss of key customers or suppliers, or similar unforeseen events. Additional risk factors that could have an effect on our performance are located within Item 1A - Risk Factors.
Presentation of Results of Operations and Liquidity and Capital Resources
A discussion regarding our financial condition and results of operations for fiscal year 2019 compared to fiscal year 2018 is presented below. A discussion regarding our financial condition and results of operations for fiscal year 2018 compared to fiscal year 2017 can be found under captions entitled “Results of Operations - Fiscal Year 2018 Compared with Fiscal Year 2017” and “Liquidity and Capital Resources” in the section entitled “Item 7 - Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended June 30, 2018 filed with the SEC on August 28, 2018, which is available free of charge through the SEC’s website at http://www.sec.gov or the Company’s website, http://investors.kimballelectronics.com. The Company’s website and the information contained therein, or incorporated therein, are not intended to be incorporated into this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Results of Operations - Fiscal Year 2019 Compared with Fiscal Year 2018
(2) Prior period has been restated to reflect the retrospective adoption of new accounting guidance issued by the FASB on improving the presentation of net periodic pension cost and net periodic postretirement benefit cost. See Note 1 - Business Description and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for further information on the restatement of the prior period presentation. There was no effect to Net Income or Diluted Earnings per Share.
Net Sales by Vertical Market
For the Year Ended
(Amounts in Millions)
Total Net Sales
Net sales in fiscal year 2019 increased 10% compared to net sales in fiscal year 2018 primarily due to the continued ramp-up of certain programs, new product introductions, and an overall increase in demand. Sales generated from the GES acquisition favorably impacted sales by 2%, and sales were unfavorably impacted by 2% from foreign exchange fluctuations. Sales generated from the GES acquisition are primarily included in the industrial end market vertical. See Note 2 - Acquisitions of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for more information on the GES acquisition.
By end market vertical, all four of our market verticals experienced an increase in net sales, including double-digit sales growth to customers in the medical and industrial markets. Sales to customers in the automotive, medical, and industrial markets all experienced record sales in the current fiscal year.
Sales to customers in the automotive market were up slightly compared to the prior fiscal year as stronger demand in North America was higher than the declines in China, and to a lesser extent, Europe. Sales to customers in the medical market increased compared to the prior year primarily due to the continued ramp-up of certain product launches and increased demand for existing products. Sales to customers in the industrial market improved over the prior year largely due to sales generated through the recent GES acquisition and increased end market demand for climate control products. Sales to customers in the public safety market increased in the current year when compared to the prior year due to new program launches and increased demand for existing products.
A significant amount of sales to Philips, ZF, and Nexteer Automotive accounted for the following portions of our net sales:
Year Ended June 30
Open orders were up 43% as of June 30, 2019 compared to June 30, 2018 as open orders in the automotive market significantly increased, which in part is due to new product introductions and certain key customers placing orders with increased lead times. Open orders are the aggregate sales price of production pursuant to unfulfilled customer orders, which may be canceled by the customer subject to contractual termination provisions. Substantially all of the open orders as of June 30, 2019 are expected to be filled within the next twelve months. Open orders at a point in time may not be indicative of future sales trends due to the contract nature of our business.
Gross profit as a percent of net sales declined to 7.5% in fiscal year 2019 from 8.0% in fiscal year 2018 primarily due to unfavorable product mix, higher material costs largely as a result of component shortages, and the unfavorable impact on gross profit as a result of our recent acquisition, which were partially offset by the positive impact from leverage gained on higher revenue.
For fiscal year 2019, selling and administrative expenses decreased slightly as a percent of net sales and increased in absolute dollars compared to fiscal year 2018. The current fiscal year selling and administrative expenses increased in absolute dollars from the prior fiscal year primarily due to higher amortization expense directly resulting from the finite-lived intangible assets acquired from the GES acquisition and higher salary and related payroll costs, which were partially offset by the lower incentive-based bonus expense. During fiscal years 2019 and 2018, we incurred $0.5 million and $0.9 million, respectively, of incremental costs directly related to the GES acquisition.
Other General Income in fiscal year 2019 of $0.3 million resulted from payments received related to the settlement of class action lawsuits in which Kimball Electronics was a class member. No Other General Income was recorded during fiscal year 2018.
Other Income (Expense) consisted of the following:
Other Income (Expense)
(Amounts in Thousands)
Foreign Currency/Derivative Gain (Loss)
Gain on Supplemental Employee Retirement Plan Investment
Foreign Government Subsidies
Other Income (Expense), net
Interest expense has increased in the current fiscal year due to increased borrowings on the credit facilities. The Foreign Currency/Derivative Gain (Loss) resulted from net foreign currency exchange rate movements during the period. The prior period presentation in the table above has been restated due to the adoption of new guidance by the FASB on net periodic pension cost and net periodic postretirement benefit cost.
Our income before income taxes and effective tax rate were comprised of the following U.S. and foreign components:
Year Ended June 30, 2019
Year Ended June 30, 2018
(Amounts in Thousands)
Income Before Taxes
Effective Tax Rate
Income Before Taxes
Effective Tax Rate
In December 2017, the United States enacted the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (“Tax Reform”), which lowered the U.S. corporate statutory tax rate from 35% to 21%. When compared to the statutory rate, the domestic effective tax rate and the consolidated effective tax rate for fiscal year 2019 were favorably impacted by domestic tax credits, adjustments to provisions related to Tax Reform prior to the end of the measurement period, provision to return adjustments, and the excess tax benefit on stock-based compensation granted during the period.
The consolidated effective tax rate for fiscal year 2018 of 62.6% and the domestic effective tax rate were unfavorably impacted by Tax Reform, primarily driven by income tax expense of approximately $13.4 million for the deemed repatriation tax and approximately $4.4 million for the revaluation of our net deferred tax assets, which were both treated as provisional tax adjustments and recognized in Provision for Income Taxes on the Consolidated Statements of Income for fiscal year 2018. Items partially offsetting the unfavorable impact from Tax Reform on the effective tax rate included the income tax adjustment related to the excess tax benefit on stock-based compensation granted during fiscal year 2018, the high mix of earnings in foreign jurisdictions that had generally lower statutory rates than the United States, and the U.S. research and development tax credit.
Our overall effective tax rate will fluctuate depending on the geographic distribution of our worldwide earnings. See Note 11 - Income Taxes of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for more information, including additional information on Tax Reform.
We recorded net income of $31.6 million in fiscal year 2019, or $1.21 per diluted share, an increase of 88% from fiscal year 2018 net income of $16.8 million, or $0.62 per diluted share, due to the reasons previously discussed.
Comparing the balance sheet as of June 30, 2019 to June 30, 2018, the adoption of the New Revenue Guidance on July 1, 2018 and the GES acquisition impacted several balances. Receivables increased $52.0 million primarily due to increased sales volumes and the GES acquisition. Contract assets, which have a balance of $51.9 million at June 30, 2019, reflect the unbilled accounts receivable that occur when we recognize revenue over time as manufacturing services are provided and the billing to the customer has not yet occurred as of the balance sheet date. Goodwill has increased $11.9 million due to the GES acquisition, and the Other Intangibles, net have increased $17.8 million primarily from the finite-lived intangibles acquired in the GES acquisition. As of June 30, 2019, the purchase price of GES is considered preliminary, and therefore, the valuation of goodwill and other intangibles is not final. Borrowings under credit facilities increased $117.9 million largely from borrowings under the U.S. primary credit facility, which were used to finance the GES acquisition in addition to domestic cash needs. At June 30, 2019, Long-term debt under credit facilities, less current portion reflects the borrowings on the primary facility that the Company intends, and has the ability, to refinance on a long-term basis. Treasury stock, at cost increased $21.3 million primarily due to stock repurchases under an authorized stock repurchase plan. The increase in Retained earnings included an increase of $3.1 million from the cumulative effect of adoption of the New Revenue Guidance. See Note 1 - Business Description and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies and Note 3 - Revenue from Contracts with Customers of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for more information on the adoption of the New Revenue Guidance and Note 2 - Acquisitions for more detail on the GES acquisition.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
Working capital at June 30, 2019 was $280.4 million compared to working capital of $208.4 million at June 30, 2018. The current ratio was 2.0 and 1.9 at June 30, 2019 and June 30, 2018, respectively. The debt-to-equity ratio was 0.3 at June 30, 2019 and was less than 0.1 at June 30, 2018. Our short-term liquidity available, represented as cash and cash equivalents plus the unused amount of our credit facilities, some of which are uncommitted, totaled $110.7 million at June 30, 2019 and $108.7 million at June 30, 2018.
Cash Conversion Days (“CCD”) are calculated as the sum of Days Sales Outstanding (“DSO”) plus Contract Asset Days (“CAD”) plus Production Days Supply on Hand (“PDSOH”) less Accounts Payable Days (“APD”). CCD is a metric used to measure the efficiency of managing working capital. CCD for the quarter ended June 30, 2019 was 77 days, which increased from 63 days for the quarter ended June 30, 2018. The following table summarizes our CCD for the quarterly periods indicated.
Three Months Ended
June 30, 2019
March 31, 2019
December 31, 2018
September 30, 2018
June 30, 2018
We define DSO as the average of monthly trade accounts and notes receivable divided by an average day’s net sales, CAD as the average monthly contract assets divided by an average day’s net sales, PDSOH as the average of monthly gross inventory divided by an average day’s cost of sales, and APD as the average of monthly accounts payable divided by an average day’s cost of sales. Our CCD trend has increased during fiscal year 2019 in large part due to additional purchases to help mitigate the potential impact from component shortages.
The CAD metric is included in the calculation of the CCD metric beginning in fiscal year 2019 due to the adoption of the New Revenue Guidance on July 1, 2018. Contract assets reflect the unbilled accounts receivable that occur when we recognize revenue over time as manufacturing services are provided and the billing to the customer has not yet occurred as of the balance sheet date. See Note 1 – Business Description and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies and Note 3 - Revenue from Contracts with Customers of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for more information on the adoption of the New Revenue Guidance and contract assets.
The following table reflects the major categories of cash flows for the fiscal years ended June 30, 2019 and 2018.
Year Ended June 30
(Amounts in Millions)
Net cash (used for) provided by operating activities
Net cash used for investing activities
Net cash provided by (used for) financing activities
Cash Flows from Operating Activities
Net cash used for operating activities for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2019 was primarily driven by cash used from changes in operating assets and liabilities which more than offset the cash provided by net income adjusted for non-cash items. Net cash provided by operating activities for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2018 was primarily driven by net income adjusted for non-cash items. Cash provided by operating activities for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2018 included the adjustment for income tax expense resulting from Tax Reform reflected in Deferred income tax and other deferred charges and Accrued expenses and taxes payable. Changes in operating assets and liabilities used $71.8 million and $9.3 million of cash for the fiscal years ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively.
The $71.8 million usage of cash from changes in operating assets and liabilities in fiscal year 2019 was largely due to an increase in accounts receivable, which used cash of $36.5 million primarily due to increased sales volumes, and an increase in inventory, which used cash of $35.1 million primarily to support increased production volumes and for increased purchases to mitigate the potential impact of component shortages.
The $9.3 million usage of cash from changes in working capital balances in fiscal year 2018 was largely due to an increase in inventory, which used cash of $55.8 million primarily to support increased open orders and production volumes, the implementation of an inventory management program for one of our largest customers in the medical market, and additional purchases to help mitigate the potential impact from component shortages. Partially offsetting these usages was an increase in accounts payable which provided cash of $33.3 million, largely resulting from the increased inventory purchases. In addition, an increase in accrued expenses and taxes payable provided cash of $11.0 million primarily from the increase in income taxes payable related to the deemed repatriation tax net of income taxes paid, which was partially offset by a reduction in other accrued expenses.
Cash Flows from Investing Activities
Net cash used for investing activities during fiscal year 2019 includes cash used of $43.9 million, net of cash acquired, for the GES acquisition and $25.8 million cash used for capital investments. See Note 2 - Acquisitions of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for more information on cash paid, net of cash acquired, and the preliminary purchase price allocation to assets acquired and liabilities assumed for this acquisition. The capital investments were primarily for machinery and equipment for capacity purposes to support new business awards, replacement of older machinery and equipment, and improvements to our facilities.
During fiscal year 2018, we reinvested $26.5 million, respectively, into capital investments for the future with the largest expenditures for machinery and equipment for capacity purposes and to support new business awards.
Cash Flows from Financing Activities
Net cash provided by financing activities for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2019 resulted from net borrowings on our primary credit facility of $116.8 million and borrowings of $1.1 million on our Netherlands facility, partially offset by repurchases of our common stock under an authorized stock repurchase plan. The borrowings on our primary credit facility in fiscal year 2019 were used to primarily fund the GES acquisition that occurred on October 1, 2018 in addition to other domestic cash needs. Also included in the financing activities for fiscal year 2019 were $12.8 million of payments on the Vietnam credit facility that was assumed with the GES acquisition. As of June 30, 2019, this Vietnam credit facility has been paid in full. See Note 2 - Acquisitions of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for more information on the GES acquisition.
Net cash used for financing activities for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2018 resulted from repurchases of our common stock under an authorized stock repurchase plan, net payments on our revolving credit facilities, and the remittance of tax withholdings on share-based payments.
The Company maintains a U.S. primary credit facility (the “primary facility”). On July 27, 2018, the Company entered into an amended and restated credit agreement among the Company, the lenders party thereto, and JPMorgan Chase Bank, National Association, as Administrative Agent, and Bank of America, N.A., as Documentation Agent. The credit agreement amends and restates the Company’s primary credit facility, which was scheduled to mature on October 31, 2019. The credit agreement has a maturity date of July 27, 2023 and allows for $150 million in borrowings, with an option to increase the amount available for borrowing to $225 million at the Company’s request, subject to the consent of each lender participating in such increase.
The proceeds of the loans on the primary credit facility are to be used for working capital and general corporate purposes of the Company including capital expenditures and acquisitions. A portion of the credit facility, not to exceed $15 million of the principal amount, was available for the issuance of letters of credit. A commitment fee on the unused portion of the principal amount of the credit facility was payable at a rate that ranged from 20.0 to 25.0 basis points per annum as determined by the Company’s ratio of consolidated total indebtedness to adjusted consolidated EBITDA.
The interest rate on borrowings is dependent on the type of borrowings and will be one of the following two options:
the London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) in effect two business days prior to the advance (adjusted upwards to reflect bank reserve costs) for such interest period as defined in the agreement, plus the Eurocurrency Loans spread which can range from 125.0 to 175.0 basis points based on the Company’s ratio of consolidated total indebtedness to adjusted consolidated EBITDA; or
the Alternate Base Rate (“ABR”), which is defined as the highest of the fluctuating rate per annum equal to the higher of
JPMorgan’s prime rate;
1% per annum above the Adjusted LIBOR Rate (as defined in the Credit Agreement); or
1/2 of 1% per annum above the Federal Funds Effective Rate (as defined in the Credit Agreement);
plus the ABR Loans spread which can range from 25.0 to 75.0 basis points based on the Company’s ratio of consolidated total indebtedness to adjusted consolidated EBITDA.
At June 30, 2019, we had $122.8 million in borrowings under the primary facility and $0.4 million in letters of credit against the primary facility. The borrowings under the primary facility were used as the primary source of funding for the GES acquisition as well as for domestic cash needs. At June 30, 2019, $91.5 million of the borrowings were classified as long-term as the Company intends, and has the ability, to refinance for a period longer than twelve months. At June 30, 2018, we had $6.0 million in short-term borrowings under the primary facility and $0.4 million in letters of credit against the primary credit facility.
The Company’s financial covenants under the primary credit facility require:
a ratio of consolidated total indebtedness minus unencumbered U.S. cash on hand in the United States in excess of $15 million to adjusted consolidated EBITDA, determined as of the end of each of its fiscal quarters for the then most recently ended four fiscal quarters, to not be greater than 3.0 to 1.0, and
a fixed charge coverage ratio, determined as of the end of each of its fiscal quarters for the then most recently ended four fiscal quarters, to not be less than 1.10 to 1.00.
We were in compliance with the financial covenants during the fiscal year ended June 30, 2019.
Kimball Electronics has foreign credit facilities available to satisfy short-term cash needs at specific foreign locations rather than funding from intercompany sources. These foreign credit facilities can be canceled at any time by either the bank or us. As of June 30, 2019, we maintained the following foreign credit facilities:
A Thailand overdraft credit facility which allows for borrowings up to 90 million Thai Baht (approximately $2.9 million at June 30, 2019 exchange rates). We had no borrowings outstanding under this foreign credit facility as of June 30, 2019 or June 30, 2018.
An uncommitted credit facility for one of our China operations, which allows for borrowings up to $7.5 million that can be drawn in either U.S. dollars or China Renminbi. We had no borrowings outstanding under this foreign credit facility as of June 30, 2019 or June 30, 2018. The facility matures on May 31, 2020.
An uncommitted revolving credit facility for our Netherlands subsidiary, which allows for borrowings of up to 9.2 million Euro (approximately $10.5 million at June 30, 2019 exchange rates) that can be drawn in Euro, U.S. dollars, or other optional currency. At June 30, 2019, we had $3.4 million in borrowings under this facility, and we had $2.3 million borrowings outstanding under this foreign credit facility as of June 30, 2018. The facility matures on June 21, 2020.
During the current fiscal year, the Company established an uncommitted revolving credit facility for our Poland operation, which allows for borrowings up to 15 million Euro (approximately $17.1 million at June 30, 2019 exchange rates) that can be drawn in Euro, U.S. dollars, or Polish Zloty. We had no borrowings outstanding under this foreign credit facility as of June 30, 2019. The facility matures on December 20, 2019.
The Company may utilize accounts receivable factoring arrangements with third-party financial institutions in order to extend terms for the customer without negatively impacting our cash flow. These arrangements in all cases do not contain recourse provisions which would obligate us in the event of our customers’ failure to pay. Receivables are considered sold when they are transferred beyond the reach of Kimball Electronics and its creditors, the purchaser has the right to pledge or exchange the receivables, and we have surrendered control over the transferred receivables. During the fiscal years ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, we sold, without recourse, $261.2 million and $181.5 million of accounts receivable, respectively. See Note 1 - Business Description and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for more information regarding the factoring arrangements.
We believe our principal sources of liquidity from available funds on hand, cash generated from operations, and the availability of borrowing under our credit facilities, will be sufficient to meet our working capital and other operating needs for at least the next 12 months. The unused borrowings in USD equivalent under all of our credit facilities totaled $61.4 million at June 30, 2019. We expect to continue to invest in capital expenditures prudently, particularly for projects, including potential acquisitions, that would help us continue our development as a multifaceted manufacturing solutions company.
The GES acquisition was accounted for as a business combination. As of June 30, 2019, the Company has recorded a net adjusted purchase price of $42.4 million, which includes a reduction for an estimated net working capital adjustment of $7.6 million. We have paid cash, net of the cash acquired, of $43.9 million, and a net receivable has been recognized for $3.8 million. The net working capital adjustment has not been agreed upon by the sellers of GES, and therefore, the purchase price is not final.
At June 30, 2019, our capital expenditure commitments were approximately $2 million, consisting primarily of commitments for capacity purposes in anticipation of future growth, including new program wins. We anticipate our available liquidity will be sufficient to fund these capital expenditures.
At June 30, 2019, our foreign operations held cash totaling $47 million. In December 2017, the U.S. Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (“Tax Reform”) was enacted into law by the United States. Tax Reform imposed a one-time deemed repatriation tax on accumulated unremitted foreign earnings. The Company has made reasonable estimates of certain effects and, therefore, has recorded provisions for net deferred tax assets at the new applicable rate and the one-time deemed repatriation tax on accumulated unremitted foreign earnings. As of June 30, 2019, the remaining provision recorded for the one-time deemed repatriation tax was $9.8 million, which was recorded in Long-term income taxes payable on the Consolidated Balance Sheet. The Company expects to pay this tax payable with available liquidity. Most of these accumulated unremitted foreign earnings have been invested in active non-U.S. business operations, and it is not anticipated such earnings will be remitted to the United States. Our intent is to permanently reinvest these funds outside of the United States. However, if such funds were repatriated, a portion of the funds remitted would be subject to applicable non-U.S. income and withholding taxes. See Note 11 - Income Taxes of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information on the deemed repatriation tax and Tax Reform.
On October 21, 2015, the Company’s Board of Directors approved a resolution to authorize an 18-month stock repurchase plan (the “Plan”) to allow the repurchase of up to $20 million of common stock. Then, separately on each of September 29, 2016, August 23, 2017, and November 8, 2018, the Board extended and increased the Plan to allow the repurchase of up to an additional $20 million worth of common stock with no expiration date, which brought the total authorized stock repurchases under the Plan to $80 million. The Plan may be suspended or discontinued at any time. The extent to which the Company repurchases its shares, and the timing of such repurchases, will depend upon a variety of factors, including market conditions, regulatory requirements, and other corporate considerations, as determined by the Company’s management team. The Company expects to finance the purchases with existing liquidity. The Company has repurchased $67.9 million of common stock under the Plan through June 30, 2019.
Our ability to generate cash from operations to meet our liquidity obligations could be adversely affected in the future by factors such as general economic and market conditions, lack of availability of raw material components in the supply chain, a decline in demand for our services, loss of key contract customers, unsuccessful integration of acquisitions and new operations, the ability of Kimball Electronics to generate profits, and other unforeseen circumstances. In particular, should demand for our customers’ products and, in turn, our services decrease significantly over the next 12 months, the available cash provided by operations could be adversely impacted.
The preceding statements include forward-looking statements under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Certain factors could cause actual results to differ materially from forward-looking statements.
During fiscal year 2019, no level 1 or level 2 financial instruments were affected by a lack of market liquidity. For level 1 financial assets, readily available market pricing was used to value the financial instruments. Our foreign currency derivative assets and liabilities, which were classified as level 2, were independently valued using observable market inputs such as forward interest rate yield curves, current spot rates, and time value calculations. To verify the reasonableness of the independently determined fair values, these derivative fair values were compared to fair values calculated by the counterparty banks. Our own credit risk and counterparty credit risk had an immaterial impact on the valuation of the foreign currency derivatives. See Note 13 - Fair Value of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for more information.
The following table summarizes the Company’s contractual obligations as of June 30, 2019.
Payments Due During Fiscal Years Ending June 30
(Amounts in Millions)
Recorded Contractual Obligations: (a)
Long-Term Debt Obligations (b)
Long-Term Income Taxes Payable (c)
Other Long-Term Liabilities Reflected on the Balance
Sheet (d) (e) (f)
Unrecorded Contractual Obligations:
Operating Leases (f)
Purchase Obligations (g)
As of June 30, 2019, we had no material Capital Lease Obligations.
Long-Term Debt Obligations include amounts outstanding on our credit facilities and the accrued interest for these amounts. Refer to Note 8 - Credit Facilities of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for more information regarding our credit facilities. The fiscal year 2020 amount was recorded as a current liability.
U.S. federal income taxes payable for the one-time deemed repatriation tax on certain unremitted earnings of foreign subsidiaries. Refer to Note 11 - Income Taxes of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for more information regarding the deemed repatriation tax.
The timing of payments of certain items included on the Other Long-Term Liabilities Reflected on the Balance Sheet line above is estimated based on the following assumptions:
The timing of SERP payments is estimated based on an assumed retirement age of 62 with payout based on the prior distribution elections of participants. The fiscal year 2020 amount includes $1.7 million for SERP payments recorded as current liabilities.
The timing of severance plan payments is estimated based on the average remaining service life of employees. The fiscal year 2020 amount includes $0.3 million for severance payments recorded as a current liability.
The timing of warranty payments is estimated based on historical data. The fiscal year 2020 amount includes $0.4 million for short-term warranty payments recorded as a current liability.
Excludes $6.3 million of deferred tax and other liabilities related to long-term unrecognized tax benefits which are not tied to a contractual obligation and for which we cannot make a reasonably reliable estimate of the period of future payments.
Purchase Obligations are defined as agreements to purchase goods or services that are enforceable and legally binding and that specify all significant terms. The amounts listed above for purchase obligations include contractual commitments for items such as raw materials, supplies, capital expenditures, services, and software acquisitions/license commitments. Cancellable purchase obligations that we intend to fulfill are also included in the purchase obligations amount listed. In certain instances, such as when lead times dictate, we enter into contractual agreements for material in excess of the levels required to fulfill customer orders. Purchase obligations as of June 30, 2019 include the placement of orders to help mitigate the potential impact related to component shortages, which requires longer lead times. In turn, material authorization agreements with customers cover a portion of the exposure for material which is purchased prior to having a firm order.
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
In limited circumstances, we receive banker’s acceptance drafts from customers to one of our China operations. In turn, we may transfer the acceptance drafts to a supplier in settlement of current accounts payable. These drafts contain certain recourse provisions afforded to the transferee under laws of The People’s Republic of China, and if exercised, our China operation would be required to satisfy the obligation with the transferee as the draft would revert back to our China operation. At June 30, 2019, the drafts transferred and outstanding totaled $0.9 million. No transferee has exercised their recourse rights against us.
We also have standby letters of credit and operating leases entered into in the normal course of business. These arrangements do not have a material current effect and are not reasonably likely to have a material future effect on our financial condition, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures, or capital resources.
The preceding statements are forward-looking statements under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Certain factors could cause actual results to differ materially from forward-looking statements.
Critical Accounting Policies
Kimball Electronics’ Consolidated Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. These principles require the use of estimates and assumptions that affect amounts reported and disclosed in the Consolidated Financial Statements and related notes. Actual results could differ from these estimates and assumptions. Management uses its best judgment in the assumptions used to value these estimates, which are based on current facts and circumstances, prior experience, and other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable. Management believes the following critical accounting policies reflect the more significant judgments and estimates used in preparation of our Consolidated Financial Statements and are the policies that are most critical in the portrayal of our financial position and results of operations. Management has discussed these critical accounting policies and estimates with the Audit Committee of the Company’s Board of Directors and with the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm.
Revenue recognition - Kimball Electronics recognizes revenue to depict the transfer of goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the Company expects to be entitled in exchange for those services and products. The majority of our revenue is recognized over time as manufacturing services are performed where we manufacture a product with no alternative use and have an enforceable right to payment for performance completed to date. The remaining revenue is recognized when the customer obtains control of the manufactured product. We have elected to account for shipping and handling activities related to contracts with customers as costs to fulfill our promise to transfer the associated products. Accordingly, we record customer payments of shipping and handling costs as a component of net sales and classify such costs as a component of cost of sales. We recognize sales net of applicable sales or value add taxes. Based on estimated product returns and price concessions, a reserve for returns and allowances is recorded at the time revenue is recognized, resulting in a reduction of revenue. See Note 1 – Business Description and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for more information on the adoption of the New Revenue Guidance and our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended June 30, 2018 for revenue recognition policies for periods prior to fiscal year 2019.
Taxes - Deferred income tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the estimated future tax consequences attributable to temporary differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. These assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which the temporary differences are expected to reverse. We evaluate the recoverability of our deferred tax assets each quarter by assessing the likelihood of future taxable income and available tax planning strategies that could be implemented to realize our deferred tax assets. If recovery is not likely, we provide a valuation allowance based on our best estimate of future taxable income in the various taxing jurisdictions and the amount of deferred taxes ultimately realizable. Future events could change management’s assessment.
We operate within multiple taxing jurisdictions and are subject to tax audits in these jurisdictions. These audits can involve complex issues, which may require an extended period of time to resolve. However, we believe we have made adequate provision for income and other taxes for all years that are subject to audit. As tax positions are effectively settled, the tax provision will be adjusted accordingly. The liability for uncertain income tax and other tax positions, including accrued interest and penalties on those positions, was $4.3 million and $0.2 million at June 30, 2019 and June 30, 2018.
The increase from June 30, 2018 is primarily from income tax liabilities, indirect tax liabilities, and unrecognized tax benefits, including interest and penalties, that have been recorded related to pre-closing tax periods of Global Equipment Services & Manufacturing Vietnam Company Limited. This reflects management’s best assessment of the estimated taxes, interest, and penalties that are more likely than not to be paid, or for indirect taxes the probable amounts due to the tax authorities, including interest and penalties, under the applicable laws in the various jurisdictions. Because of the complexity of some of these uncertainties, the ultimate resolution may result in a payment that is materially different from our current estimate of the tax liabilities. See Note 2 - Acquisitions of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for more information on this acquisition.
Item 7A - Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Foreign Exchange Rate Risk: Kimball Electronics operates internationally and thus is subject to potentially adverse movements in foreign currency rate changes. Our risk management strategy includes the use of derivative financial instruments to hedge certain foreign currency exposures. Derivatives are used only to manage underlying exposures and are not used in a speculative manner. Further information on derivative financial instruments is provided in Note 14 - Derivative Instruments of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements. We estimate that a hypothetical 10% adverse change in foreign currency exchange rates from levels at June 30, 2019 relative to non-functional currency balances of monetary instruments, to the extent not hedged by derivative instruments, would not have a material impact on profitability in an annual period.
Interest Rate Risk: Our primary exposure to market risk for changes in interest rates relates to our primary credit facility, described further in Note 8 - Credit Facilities of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, as the interest rates paid for borrowings are determined at the time of borrowing based on market indices. Therefore, although we can elect to fix the interest rate at the time of borrowing, the facility does expose us to market risk for changes in interest rates. We estimate that a hypothetical 10% change in interest rates on borrowing levels at June 30, 2019 would not have a material impact of profitability in an annual period.
Item 8 - Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
MANAGEMENT’S REPORT ON INTERNAL CONTROL OVER FINANCIAL REPORTING
The management of Kimball Electronics, Inc. is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting and for the preparation and integrity of the accompanying financial statements and other related information in this report. The consolidated financial statements of the Company and its subsidiaries, including the footnotes, were prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America and include judgments and estimates, which in the opinion of management are applied on an appropriately conservative basis. We maintain a system of internal and disclosure controls intended to provide reasonable assurance that assets are safeguarded from loss or material misuse, transactions are authorized and recorded properly, and that the accounting records may be relied upon for the preparation of the financial statements. This system is tested and evaluated regularly for adherence and effectiveness by employees who work within the internal control processes and by our staff of internal auditors.
Management’s assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting excluded GES, an acquisition completed in October 2018 which included purchasing substantially all of the assets and assuming certain liabilities of GES Holdings, Inc., Global Equipment Services and Manufacturing, Inc., GES Infotek Pvt. Ltd., (India), GES Japan KK, Global Equipment Services and Manufacturing (Suzhou) Co., Ltd., (China), Suzhou Global Equipment Services and Trading Co., Ltd. (China), and acquiring 100% of the capital stock of Global Equipment Services & Manufacturing Vietnam Company Limited. This acquisition represented approximately 9% and 2% of consolidated total assets and consolidated net sales, respectively, of the Company as of and for the year ended June 30, 2019. Under guidelines established by the Securities and Exchange Commission, companies are permitted to exclude acquisitions from their first assessment of internal control over financial reporting within one year of the date of the acquisition.
The Audit Committee of the Board of Directors, which is comprised of directors who are not employees of the Company, meets regularly with management, our internal auditors, and the independent registered public accounting firm to review our financial policies and procedures, our internal control structure, the objectivity of our financial reporting, and the independence of the independent registered public accounting firm. The internal auditors and the independent registered public accounting firm have free and direct access to the Audit Committee, and they meet periodically, without management present, to discuss appropriate matters.
Because of inherent limitations, a system of internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements and even when determined to be effective, can only provide reasonable assurance with respect to financial statement preparation and presentation.
These consolidated financial statements are subject to an evaluation of internal control over financial reporting conducted under the supervision and with the participation of management, including the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer. Based on that evaluation, conducted under the criteria established in Internal Control — Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission, management concluded that our internal control over financial reporting was effective as of June 30, 2019.
/s/ DONALD D. CHARRON
Donald D. Charron
Chairman of the Board,
Chief Executive Officer
August 27, 2019
/s/ MICHAEL K. SERGESKETTER
Michael K. Sergesketter
Chief Financial Officer
August 27, 2019
REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM
To the Board of Directors and Share Owners of
Kimball Electronics, Inc.
Opinions on the Financial Statements and Internal Control over Financial Reporting
We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Kimball Electronics, Inc. and subsidiaries (the "Company") as of June 30, 2019 and 2018, the related consolidated statements of income, comprehensive income, Share Owners’ equity, and cash flows, for each of the three years in the period ended June 30, 2019, and the related notes and the schedules listed in the Index at Item 15 (collectively referred to as the "financial statements"). We also have audited the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of June 30, 2019, based on criteria established in Internal Control - Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO).
In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of June 30, 2019 and 2018, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended June 30, 2019, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. Also, in our opinion, the Company maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of June 30, 2019, based on criteria established in Internal Control - Integrated Framework (2013) issued by COSO.
As described in Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting, management excluded from its assessment the internal control over financial reporting at GES Holdings, Inc., Global Equipment Services and Manufacturing, Inc., and its subsidiaries (collectively referred to as “GES”) which was acquired on October 1, 2018, and whose financial statements constitute 2% of net sales, and 9% of total assets of the consolidated financial statement amounts as of and for the year ended June 30, 2019. Accordingly, our audit did not include the internal control over financial reporting at GES.
Change in Accounting Principle
As discussed in Note 1 to the financial statements, the Company has changed its method of accounting for revenue recognition in fiscal year 2019 due to the adoption of Accounting Standard Codification 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers.
Basis for Opinions
The Company’s management is responsible for these financial statements, for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting, and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in the accompanying Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements and an opinion on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB) and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.
We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud, and whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects.
Our audits of the financial statements included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures to respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. Our audit of internal control over financial reporting included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, and testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk. Our audits also included performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinions.
Definition and Limitations of Internal Control over Financial Reporting
A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.
/s/ Deloitte & Touche LLP
DELOITTE & TOUCHE LLP
August 27, 2019
We have served as the Company’s auditor since 2014.
KIMBALL ELECTRONICS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Amounts in Thousands, Except for Share Data)
June 30, 2019
June 30, 2018
Cash and cash equivalents
Receivables, net of allowances of $270 and $482, respectively
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
Total current assets
Property and Equipment, net of accumulated depreciation of $216,955 and $198,672, respectively
Other Intangible Assets, net of accumulated amortization of $29,874 and $27,276 respectively
LIABILITIES AND SHARE OWNERS’ EQUITY
Current portion of borrowings under credit facilities
Total current liabilities
Long-term debt under credit facilities, less current portion