Company Quick10K Filing
Kemper
Price78.06 EPS6
Shares67 P/E13
MCap5,246 P/FCF14
Net Debt683 EBIT563
TEV5,930 TEV/EBIT11
TTM 2019-09-30, in MM, except price, ratios
10-K 2020-12-31 Filed 2021-02-10
10-Q 2020-09-30 Filed 2020-11-02
10-Q 2020-06-30 Filed 2020-08-03
10-Q 2020-03-31 Filed 2020-05-07
10-K 2019-12-31 Filed 2020-02-14
10-Q 2019-09-30 Filed 2019-11-04
10-Q 2019-06-30 Filed 2019-08-05
10-Q 2019-03-31 Filed 2019-04-29
10-K 2018-12-31 Filed 2019-02-20
10-Q 2018-09-30 Filed 2018-11-05
10-Q 2018-06-30 Filed 2018-07-30
10-Q 2018-03-31 Filed 2018-04-30
10-K 2017-12-31 Filed 2018-02-13
10-Q 2017-09-30 Filed 2017-10-30
10-Q 2017-06-30 Filed 2017-08-01
10-Q 2017-03-31 Filed 2017-05-04
10-K 2016-12-31 Filed 2017-02-13
10-Q 2016-09-30 Filed 2016-11-03
10-Q 2016-06-30 Filed 2016-08-04
10-Q 2016-03-31 Filed 2016-05-05
10-K 2015-12-31 Filed 2016-02-12
10-Q 2015-09-30 Filed 2015-11-05
10-Q 2015-06-30 Filed 2015-08-06
10-Q 2015-03-31 Filed 2015-05-07
10-K 2014-12-31 Filed 2015-02-12
10-Q 2014-09-30 Filed 2014-11-06
10-Q 2014-06-30 Filed 2014-08-07
10-Q 2014-03-31 Filed 2014-05-08
10-K 2013-12-31 Filed 2014-02-14
10-Q 2013-09-30 Filed 2013-10-31
10-Q 2013-06-30 Filed 2013-08-01
10-Q 2013-03-31 Filed 2013-05-02
10-K 2012-12-31 Filed 2013-02-15
10-Q 2012-09-30 Filed 2012-11-08
10-Q 2012-06-30 Filed 2012-08-06
10-Q 2012-03-31 Filed 2012-05-07
10-K 2011-12-31 Filed 2012-02-17
10-Q 2011-09-30 Filed 2011-11-02
10-Q 2011-06-30 Filed 2011-08-03
10-Q 2011-03-31 Filed 2011-05-04
10-K 2010-12-31 Filed 2011-02-03
10-Q 2010-09-30 Filed 2010-11-01
10-Q 2010-06-30 Filed 2010-08-02
10-Q 2010-03-31 Filed 2010-05-03
10-K 2009-12-31 Filed 2010-02-01
8-K 2020-11-22
8-K 2020-11-02
8-K 2020-10-30
8-K 2020-09-29
8-K 2020-09-22
8-K 2020-08-14
8-K 2020-08-03
8-K 2020-06-03
8-K 2020-05-07
8-K 2020-05-05
8-K 2020-02-24
8-K 2020-02-10
8-K 2020-02-05
8-K 2020-01-13
8-K 2019-11-04
8-K 2019-09-19
8-K 2019-08-07
8-K 2019-08-05
8-K 2019-06-04
8-K 2019-04-30
8-K 2019-04-29
8-K 2019-02-11
8-K 2019-02-06
8-K 2019-01-25
8-K 2019-01-14
8-K 2018-11-30
8-K 2018-11-05
8-K 2018-10-22
8-K 2018-09-26
8-K 2018-07-30
8-K 2018-06-28
8-K 2018-06-27
8-K 2018-06-13
8-K 2018-06-08
8-K 2018-06-01
8-K 2018-05-22
8-K 2018-05-01
8-K 2018-04-30
8-K 2018-03-13
8-K 2018-02-13
8-K 2018-02-13
8-K 2018-02-13
8-K 2018-02-13
8-K 2018-02-06

KMPR 10K Annual Report

Part I
Item 1. Business
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments
Item 2. Properties
Item 3. Legal Proceedings
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Part II
Item 5. Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
Item 6. Selected Financial Data
Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.
Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
Note 1. Basis of Presentation and Significant Estimates
Note 2. Summary of Accounting Policies and Accounting Changes
Note 3. Acquisition of Business
Note 4. Investments
Note 5. Goodwill and Intangible Assets
Note 6. Property and Casualty Insurance Reserves
Note 7. Policyholder Obligations
Note 8. Debt
Note 9. Leases
Note 10. Shareholders' Equity
Note 11. Long - Term Equity - Based Compensation
Note 12. Income From Continuing Operations per Unrestricted Share
Note 13. Other Comprehensive Income (Loss) and Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income
Note 14. Income From Investments
Note 15. Insurance Expenses
Note 16. Income Taxes
Note 17. Pension Benefits
Note 18. Postretirement Benefits Other Than Pensions
Note 19. Business Segments
Note 20. Catastrophe Reinsurance
Note 21. Other Reinsurance
Note 22. Fair Value Measurements
Note 23. Contingencies
Note 24. Related Parties
Note 25. Quarterly Financial Information (Unaudited)
Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure
Item 9A. Controls and Procedures
Item 9B. Other Information
Part III
Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance
Item 11. Executive Compensation
Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters
Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence
Item 14. Principal Accounting Fees and Services
Part IV
Item 15. Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules
Item 16. Form 10 - K Summary
Note 1. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Note 2. Guarantees
Note 3. Supplemental Disclosure of Cash Flow Information
Note 4. Leases
Note 5. Debt
EX-4.9 kmpr202012312020ex49.htm
EX-21 kmpr202012312020ex21.htm
EX-23 kmpr202012312020ex23.htm
EX-31.1 kmpr202012312020ex311.htm
EX-31.2 kmpr202012312020ex312.htm
EX-32.1 kmpr202012312020ex321.htm
EX-32.2 kmpr202012312020ex322.htm

Kemper Earnings 2020-12-31

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow
151296302012201420172020
Assets, Equity
1.31.00.70.50.2-0.12012201420172020
Rev, G Profit, Net Income
0.40.20.0-0.2-0.4-0.62012201420172020
Ops, Inv, Fin

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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-K
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Commission file number: 001-18298
Kemper    Corporation
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
DE95-4255452
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
200 E. Randolph Street
Suite 3300
ChicagoIL60601
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip Code)

(312) 661-4600
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.10 par value per shareKMPRNYSE

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Exchange Act.    Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer  
Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.     ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes   No  

As of June 30, 2020, the aggregate market value of the registrant’s common stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant was $4.7 billion based on the closing sale price as reported on the New York Stock Exchange. Solely for purposes of this calculation, all executive officers and directors of the registrant are considered affiliates.

Registrant had 65,454,685 shares of common stock outstanding as of January 31, 2021.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Portions of the Proxy Statement for the 2021 Annual Meeting of Shareholders are incorporated by reference into Part III.



Table of Contents
 
Caution Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
Part I
Item 1.Business
Item 1A.Risk Factors
Item 1B.Unresolved Staff Comments
Item 2.Properties
Item 3.Legal Proceedings
Item 4.Mine Safety Disclosures
Part II
Item 5.
Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
Item 6.Selected Financial Data
Item 7.Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 7A.Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 8.Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
Item 9.Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure
Item 9A.Controls and Procedures
Item 9B.Other Information
Part III
Item 10.Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance
Item 11.Executive Compensation
Item 12.
Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters
Item 13.Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence
Item 14.Principal Accounting Fees and Services
Part IV
Item 15.Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules
Item 16.Form 10-K Summary
Exhibit Index
Power of Attorney
Signatures
Financial Statement Schedules:
Schedule 1 - Investments Other than Investments in Related Parties
SCH I-1
Schedule 2 - Parent Company Financial Statements
SCH II-1
Schedule 3 - Supplementary Insurance Information
SCH III-1
Schedule 4 - Reinsurance Schedule
SCH IV-1



Caution Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
This 2020 Annual Report on Form 10-K (the “2020 Annual Report”), including, but not limited to, the accompanying consolidated financial statements of Kemper Corporation (“Kemper” or the “Registrant”) and its subsidiaries (individually and collectively referred to herein as the “Company”) and the notes thereto appearing in Item 8 herein (the “Consolidated Financial Statements”), the Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations appearing in Item 7 herein (the “MD&A”) and the other Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules filed as a part hereof or incorporated by reference herein, may contain or incorporate by reference information that includes or is based on forward-looking statements within the meaning of the safe-harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995.
Forward-looking statements give expectations or forecasts of future events. The reader can identify these statements by the fact that they do not relate strictly to historical or current facts. They use words such as “believe(s),” “goal(s),” “target(s),”
“estimate(s),” “anticipate(s),” “forecast(s),” “project(s),” “plan(s),” “intend(s),” “expect(s),” “might,” “may,” “could” and other terms of similar meaning. Forward-looking statements, in particular, include statements relating to future actions, prospective services or products, future performance or results of current and anticipated services or products, sales efforts, expenses, the outcome of contingencies such as legal proceedings, trends in operations and financial results.
Any or all forward-looking statements may turn out to be wrong, and, accordingly, Kemper cautions readers not to place undue reliance on such statements. Kemper bases these statements on current expectations and the current economic environment as of the date of this 2020 Annual Report. They involve a number of risks and uncertainties that are difficult to predict. These statements are not guarantees of future performance, and actual results could differ materially from those expressed or implied in the forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements can be affected by inaccurate assumptions or by known or unknown risks and uncertainties that may be important in determining the Company’s actual future results and financial condition.
In addition to the factors discussed below under Item 1A., “Risk Factors,” in this 2020 Annual Report, the reader should consider the following list of general factors that, among others, could cause the Company’s actual results and financial condition to differ materially from estimated results and financial condition.
Factors related to the legal and regulatory environment in which Kemper and its subsidiaries operate
Evolving policies, practices and interpretations by regulators and courts that increase operating costs and potential liabilities, particularly any that involve retroactive application of new requirements, including, but not limited to, initiatives related to unclaimed property laws or claims handling practices with respect to life insurance policies and the proactive use of death verification databases, and developments related to the novel coronavirus COVID-19 (“COVID-19”);
Adverse outcomes in litigation or other legal or regulatory proceedings involving Kemper or its subsidiaries or affiliates;
Governmental actions, including, but not limited to, implementation of new laws and regulations, and court decisions interpreting existing and future laws and regulations or policy provisions;
Uncertainties related to regulatory approval of insurance rates, policy forms, insurance products, license applications, dividends from insurance subsidiaries, acquisitions of businesses and other matters within the purview of state insurance regulators;
Increased costs and initiatives required to address new legal and regulatory requirements;
Liabilities, costs and other impacts arising from developments related to cybersecurity, privacy and data governance, including, without limitation, cyber incidents that have occurred or could occur;

Factors relating to insurance claims and related reserves in the Company’s insurance businesses

The incidence, frequency and severity of catastrophes occurring in any particular reporting period or geographic area, including natural disasters, pandemics (including COVID-19) and terrorist attacks or other man-made events;
The frequency and severity of insurance claims (including those associated with catastrophe losses and pandemics);
Changes in facts and circumstances affecting assumptions used in determining loss and loss adjustment expenses (“LAE”) reserves, including, but not limited to, the frequency and severity of insurance claims, changes in claims handling procedures and closure patterns, development patterns and the impacts of COVID-19;
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The impact of inflation on insurance claims, including, but not limited to, the effects on personal injury claims of increasing medical costs and the effects on property claims attributed to scarcity of resources available to rebuild damaged structures, including labor and materials and the amount of salvage value recovered for damaged property, and the rising costs of insurance claims from increased litigation, higher jury awards, broader definitions of liability, and other effects of societal trends referred to as social inflation;
Developments related to insurance policy claims and coverage issues, including, but not limited to, interpretations, pronouncements or decisions by courts or regulators that may govern or influence losses incurred in connection with hurricanes and other catastrophes, including COVID-19;
Orders, interpretations or other actions by regulators that impact the reporting, adjustment and payment of claims;
Changes in the pricing or availability of reinsurance, or in the financial condition of reinsurers and amounts recoverable therefrom;
Factors related to the Company’s ability to compete
Changes in the ratings of Kemper and/or its insurance company subsidiaries by rating agencies with regard to credit, financial strength, claims paying ability and other areas on which the Company is rated;
The level of success and costs incurred in realizing or maintaining economies of scale, integrating acquired businesses and implementing significant business initiatives and the timing of the occurrence or completion of such events, including, but not limited to, those related to expense and claims savings, consolidations, reorganizations and technology;
Absolute and relative performance of the Company’s products and services, including, but not limited to, the level of success achieved in designing and introducing new insurance products and services;
Difficulties with technology, data and network security (including as a result of cyber attacks that have occurred or could occur), outsourcing relationships or cloud-based technology that could negatively impact the Company’s ability to conduct business, a heightened risk when substantial numbers of employees shift to work from home arrangements, such as the arrangements implemented for a vast majority of the Company’s employees and some business partners during the COVID-19 pandemic;
The ability of the Company to maintain the availability and required performance of critical systems and manage technology initiatives cost-effectively to address insurance industry developments and regulatory requirements;
Heightened competition, including, with respect to pricing, consolidations of existing competitors or entry of new competitors and alternate distribution channels, introduction of new technologies, use and enhancements of telematics, refinements of existing products and development of new products by current or future competitors;
Expected benefits and synergies from mergers, acquisitions and/or divestitures that may not be realized to the extent anticipated, within expected time frames or at all, due to a number of factors including, but not limited to, the loss of key agents/brokers, customers or employees, increased costs, fees, expenses and related charges and delays caused by unanticipated developments or factors outside of the Company’s control;
The successful formulation and execution of the Company’s plan with regard to corporate strategy and significant operational changes;
Factors relating to the business environment in which Kemper and its subsidiaries operate

Changes in general economic conditions, including those related to, without limitation, performance of financial markets, interest rates, inflation, unemployment rates, significant global events such as the pandemic related to COVID-19, and fluctuating values of particular investments held by the Company;
Absolute and relative performance of investments held by the Company;
Changes in insurance industry trends and significant industry developments;
Changes in consumer trends, including changes in number of miles driven by automobile insurance policyholders, and significant consumer or product developments;
Changes in capital requirements, including the calculations thereof, used by regulators and rating agencies;
Changes related to the phase out of the London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) reference rates beginning after 2021;
Regulatory, accounting or tax changes that may affect the cost of, or demand for, the Company’s products or services or after-tax returns from the Company’s investments;
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The impact of required participation in state windpools and joint underwriting associations, residual market assessments and assessments for insurance industry insolvencies including the impact of COVID-19;
Changes in distribution channels, methods or costs resulting from changes in laws or regulations, legal proceedings or market forces;
Increased costs and risks related to cybersecurity that could materially affect the Company’s operations including, but not limited to, data breaches, cyber attacks, virus or malware attacks, or other infiltrations or incidents affecting system integrity, availability and performance, and actions taken to minimize and remediate the risks of such events that have occurred or could occur;
Other risks and uncertainties described from time to time in Kemper’s filings with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”).
Kemper cannot provide any assurances that the results and outcomes contemplated in any forward-looking statements will be achieved or will be achieved in any particular timetable or that future events or developments will not cause such statements to be inaccurate including impacts related to COVID-19. Kemper assumes no obligation to correct or update any forward-looking statements publicly for any changes in events or developments or in the Company’s expectations or results subsequent to the date of this 2020 Annual Report. Kemper advises the reader, however, to consult any further disclosures Kemper makes on related subjects in its filings with the SEC.
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PART I
Item 1.    Business
Kemper is a diversified insurance holding company, with subsidiaries that provide automobile, homeowners, life, health, and other insurance products to individuals and businesses. Kemper’s annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10‑Q, current reports on Form 8-K and amendments thereto are accessible free of charge through Kemper’s website, kemper.com, and as soon as reasonably practicable after such materials are filed with, or furnished to, the SEC, which also maintains an Internet site at sec.gov that contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding issuers that file electronically with the SEC.
Registrant is a holding company incorporated under the laws of the State of Delaware in 1990, with equity securities traded on the New York Stock Exchange (the “NYSE”). On August 25, 2011, Registrant adopted its current name, Kemper Corporation, and changed its NYSE ticker symbol to KMPR. Prior to the name change, the Registrant was known as Unitrin, Inc. and traded under the NYSE ticker symbol UTR.
The Kemper family of companies is one of the nation’s leading specialized insurers. With over $14.3 billion in assets, Kemper is improving the world of insurance by providing affordable and easy-to-use personalized solutions to individuals, families and businesses through its Auto, Personal Insurance, Life and Health brands. Kemper serves over 6.2 million policies, is represented by more than 30,000 agents and brokers, and has approximately 9,500 associates dedicated to meeting the ever-changing needs of its customers.
The Company is engaged, through its subsidiaries, in the property and casualty insurance and life and health insurance businesses. The Company conducts its operations through three operating segments: Specialty Property & Casualty Insurance, Preferred Property & Casualty Insurance and Life & Health Insurance. The Company conducts its operations solely in the United States.
Kemper’s subsidiaries employ approximately 9,500 associates supporting their operations, of which approximately 4,800 are employed in the Specialty Property & Casualty Insurance Segment, approximately 100 are employed in the Preferred Property & Casualty Insurance segment, approximately 3,400 are employed in the Life & Health Insurance segment and the remainder are employed in various corporate and other staff and shared functions.
Property and Casualty Insurance Business
General
The Company’s property & casualty insurance business operations are conducted primarily through the Specialty Property & Casualty Insurance and Preferred Property & Casualty Insurance segments. The Specialty Property & Casualty Insurance and Preferred Property & Casualty Insurance segments distribute their products primarily through independent agents and brokers who are paid commissions for their services. In addition, the Life and Health Insurance segment’s career agents also sell contents coverage for personal property to its customers. Collectively, these segments provide preferred automobile, specialty automobile, homeowners, renters, fire, umbrella, general liability as an endorsement to commercial automobile and other types of property and casualty insurance to individuals and commercial automobile insurance to businesses.
Property insurance indemnifies an insured with an interest in physical property for loss of, or damage to, such property. Casualty insurance primarily covers liability for damage to property of, or injury to, a person or entity other than the insured. In most cases, casualty insurance also obligates the insurance company to provide a defense for the insured in litigation arising out of events covered by the policy.

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Specialty Property & Casualty Insurance
The Specialty Property & Casualty Insurance segment, based in Chicago, Illinois, conducts business in 34 states under the Kemper Auto brand. As shown in the following table, three states provided 91% of the segment’s premium revenues in 2020.
StatePercentage of Total Premiums
California63 %
Florida17 
Texas11 
The Specialty Property & Casualty Insurance segment provides personal and commercial automobile insurance to consumers who have had difficulty obtaining standard or preferred risk insurance, usually because of their driving records, claims experience or premium payment history. The segment also meets the insurance needs of other specialty markets such as urban and Hispanic consumers. The segment’s insurance products accounted for 71%, 69% and 60% of the Company’s consolidated insurance premiums in 2020, 2019 and 2018, respectively. The segment’s insurance products are marketed through approximately 18,150 independent agents and brokers.
Preferred Property & Casualty Insurance
The Preferred Property & Casualty Insurance segment, based in Chicago, Illinois, conducts business in 45 states and the District of Columbia. As shown in the following table, five states provided 64% of the segment’s premium revenues in 2020.
StatePercentage of Total Premiums
California19 %
New York19 
Texas12 
North Carolina9 
Connecticut5 
The Preferred Property & Casualty Insurance segment primarily sells preferred automobile insurance, homeowners insurance and other personal insurance. The segment’s insurance products accounted for 15%, 17% and 22% of the Company’s consolidated insurance premiums in 2020, 2019 and 2018, respectively. The segment’s insurance products are marketed through approximately 5,200 independent insurance agents and brokers to individuals who have demonstrated favorable risk characteristics and loss history.
Property and Casualty Loss and Loss Adjustment Expense Reserves
The Company’s reserves for losses and LAE for property and casualty insurance (“Property and Casualty Insurance Reserves”) are reported using the Company’s estimate of its ultimate liability for losses and LAE for claims that occurred prior to the end of any given accounting period but have not yet been paid.
Property and Casualty Insurance Reserves by business segment at December 31, 2020 and 2019 were:
DOLLARS IN MILLIONS20202019
Business Segments:
Specialty Property & Casualty Insurance$1,544.8 $1,551.0 
Preferred Property & Casualty Insurance411.6 388.5 
Life & Health Insurance4.6 3.3 
Total Business Segments1,961.0 1,942.8 
Unallocated Reserves21.5 27.0 
Total Property & Casualty Insurance Reserves$1,982.5 $1,969.8 
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In estimating the Company’s Property and Casualty Insurance Reserves, the Company’s actuaries exercise professional judgment and must consider, and are influenced by, many variables that are difficult to quantify. Accordingly, the process of estimating and establishing the Company’s Property and Casualty Insurance Reserves is inherently uncertain and the actual ultimate net cost of claims may vary materially from the estimated amounts reserved. See MD&A, “Critical Accounting Estimates,” under the caption “Property and Casualty Insurance Reserves for Losses and Loss Adjustment Expenses” beginning on page 63 for a discussion of the Company’s reserving process and the factors considered by the Company’s actuaries in estimating the Company’s Property and Casualty Insurance Reserves.
The Company’s goal is to ensure that its total reserves for property and casualty insurance losses and LAE are adequate to cover all costs, while minimizing variation from the time reserves for losses and LAE are initially estimated until losses and LAE are fully paid. Changes in the Company’s estimates of these losses and LAE, also referred to as “development,” will occur over time and may be material. Favorable development is recognized and reported in the Consolidated Financial Statements when the Company decreases its previous estimate of ultimate losses and LAE and results in an increase in net income in the period recognized, whereas adverse development is recognized and reported in the Consolidated Financial Statements when the Company increases its previous estimate of ultimate losses and LAE and results in a decrease in net income.
See Note 6, “Property and Casualty Insurance Reserves,” to the Consolidated Financial Statements for information about incurred and paid claims development for the 2016-2019 accident years as of December 31, 2020, net of reinsurance and indemnification, as well as cumulative claim frequency and the total of incurred but not reported (“IBNR”) liabilities, including expected development on reported claims included within the net incurred losses and allocated LAE amounts as of December 31, 2020. See Note 6, “Property and Casualty Insurance Reserves,” to the Consolidated Financial Statements for a tabular reconciliation of the three most recent annual periods setting forth the Company’s Property and Casualty Insurance Reserves as of the beginning of each year, incurred losses and LAE for insured events of the current year, changes in incurred losses and LAE for insured events of prior years, payments of losses and LAE for insured events of the current year, payments of losses and LAE for insured events of prior years and the Company’s Property and Casualty Insurance Reserves at the end of the year and additional information regarding the nature of adjustments to incurred losses and LAE for insured events of prior years.
Catastrophe Losses
Catastrophes and natural disasters are inherent risks of the property and casualty insurance business. These catastrophic events and natural disasters include, without limitation, hurricanes, tornadoes, earthquakes, hailstorms, wildfires, high winds and winter storms. Such events result in insured losses that are, and are expected to be, a material factor in the results of operations and financial position of Kemper’s property and casualty insurance companies. Further, because the level of insured losses that could occur in any one year cannot be accurately predicted, these losses contribute to material year-to-year fluctuations in the results of operations and financial position of these companies. Specific types of catastrophic events are more likely to occur at certain times within the year than others. This factor adds an element of seasonality to property and casualty insurance claims. The occurrence and severity of catastrophic events cannot be accurately predicted in any year. However, some geographic locations are more susceptible to these events than others. The Company has endeavored to manage its direct insurance exposures in certain regions that are prone to naturally occurring catastrophic events through a combination of geographic diversification, restrictions on the amount and location of new business production in such regions, modifications of, and/or limitations to coverages and deductibles for certain perils in such regions and reinsurance. The Company has adopted the industry-wide catastrophe classifications of storms and other events promulgated by Insurance Services Office, Inc. (“ISO”) to track and report losses related to catastrophes. ISO classifies a disaster as a catastrophe when the event causes $25 million or more in direct insured losses to property and affects a significant number of policyholders and insurers. ISO-classified catastrophes are assigned a unique serial number recognized throughout the insurance industry. The discussions throughout this 2020 Annual Report utilize ISO’s definition of catastrophes.
The process of estimating and establishing reserves for catastrophe losses is inherently uncertain and the actual ultimate cost of a claim, net of reinsurance recoveries, may vary materially from the estimated amount reserved. See Item 1A., “Risk Factors,” under the caption “Catastrophe losses could materially and adversely affect the Company’s results of operations, liquidity and/or financial condition” for a discussion of catastrophe risk. See Note 20, “Catastrophe Reinsurance,” to the Consolidated Financial Statements for a discussion of the factors that influence the process of estimating and establishing reserves for catastrophes.

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Reinsurance
The Company manages its exposure to catastrophes and other natural disasters through a combination of geographical diversification, restrictions on the amount and location of new business production in such regions, modifications of, and/or limitations to coverages and deductibles for certain perils in such regions and reinsurance. To limit its exposures to catastrophic events, the Company maintains a catastrophe reinsurance program for the property and casualty insurance companies. Coverage for the catastrophe reinsurance program is provided in various layers through multiple excess of loss reinsurance contracts and an aggregate excess property catastrophe reinsurance contract. The Company’s insurance subsidiaries also purchase reinsurance from the Florida Hurricane Catastrophe Fund (the “FHCF”) for hurricane losses in Florida at retentions lower than those described below for the Company’s catastrophe reinsurance program.
The 2021 catastrophe reinsurance program covering the property and casualty insurance companies is provided by (i) three multi-year excess of loss reinsurance contracts, (ii) an annual excess of loss reinsurance contract (the “2021 Annual Excess of Loss Contract”) and (iii) an annual aggregate excess property catastrophe reinsurance contract (the “2021 Aggregate Property Catastrophe Reinsurance Contract”).
Multi-year Excess of Loss Reinsurance Contracts
The first multi-year excess of loss reinsurance contract provides coverage over the three-year period of January 1, 2019 through December 31, 2021 (the “2019 Reinsurance Contract”). The 2019 Reinsurance Contract provides coverage in two layers, which together provide coverage for losses on individual catastrophes of $200 million in excess of $50 million. Under the 2019 Reinsurance Contract, the percentage of coverage is 31.66% for each year in the three-year period, and participation of each reinsurer remains the same over the entire three-year period. Accordingly, the 2019 Reinsurance Contract provides coverage for 31.66% of losses on individual catastrophes of $200 million in excess of $50 million in 2021.
The second multi-year excess of loss reinsurance contract provides coverage over the three-year period of January 1, 2020 through December 31, 2022 (the “2020 Reinsurance Contract”). The 2020 Reinsurance Contract provides coverage in two layers, which together provide coverage for losses on individual catastrophes of $200 million in excess of $50 million, which is consistent with the coverage provided under the 2019 Reinsurance Contract. Under the 2020 Reinsurance Contract, the percentage of coverage is 31.66% for each year in the three-year period, and participation of each reinsurer remains the same over the entire three-year period. Accordingly, the 2020 Reinsurance Contract provides coverage for 31.66% of losses on individual catastrophes of $200 million in excess of $50 million in 2021.
The third multi-year excess of loss reinsurance contract provides coverage over the three-year period of January 1, 2021 through December 31, 2023 (the “2021 Reinsurance Contract”). The 2021 Reinsurance Contract provides coverage in two layers, which together provide coverage for losses on individual catastrophes of $200 million in excess of $50 million, which is consistent with the coverage provided under the 2019 Reinsurance Contract and 2020 Reinsurance Contract. Under the 2021 Reinsurance Contract, the percentage of coverage is 27.66% for each year in the three-year period, and participation of each reinsurer remains the same over the entire three-year period. 4% of the 2021 coverage was placed through Reinsurance Facilities on an annual basis. Accordingly, the 2021 Reinsurance Contract provides coverage for 31.66% of losses on individual catastrophes of $200 million in excess of $50 million in 2021.

Annual Excess of Loss Reinsurance Contract

The 2021 Annual Excess of Loss Contract provides coverage for the annual period of January 1, 2021 through December 31, 2021. The 2021 Annual Excess of Loss Contract provides coverage for losses on individual catastrophes of $25 million in excess of $250 million.

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Summary of Excess of Loss Reinsurance Contracts
Coverage on individual catastrophes provided under the three multi-year excess of loss reinsurance contracts for 2021 (January 1, 2021 to December 31, 2021) and the 2021 Annual Excess of Loss Contract is provided in various layers as summarized below.
Catastrophe Losses
and LAE
Combined Percentage
of Coverage
DOLLARS IN MILLIONSIn Excess ofUp to
Retained$— $50.0 — %
1st Layer of Coverage50.0 150.0 95.0 
2nd Layer of Coverage150.0 250.0 95.0 
3rd Layer of Coverage250.0 275.0 95.0 
The estimated annual premium in 2021 for the three multi-year excess of loss reinsurance contracts and the 2021 Annual Excess of Loss Contract presented in the preceding table is $12.8 million. In the event that the Company’s incurred catastrophe losses and LAE covered by its catastrophe reinsurance program exceed the retention for a particular layer, the program allows for one reinstatement of such coverage. In such an instance, the Company is required to pay a reinstatement premium to the reinsurers to reinstate the full amount of the limit available under such layer. The reinstatement premium for the first layer of coverage is a percentage of the full original premium based on the ratio of the losses in excess of the Company’s retention to the reinsurers’ coverage limit. The reinstatement premium for the second layer of coverage is a percentage of half the original premium based on the ratio of the losses in excess of the Company’s retention to the reinsurers’ coverage limit. The reinstatement premium for the third layer of coverage is a percentage of half the original premium based on the ratio of the losses in excess of the Company’s retention to the reinsurers’ coverage limit.
Aggregate Property Catastrophe Reinsurance Contract
The 2021 Aggregate Property Catastrophe Reinsurance Contract is effective for the period of January 1, 2021 through December 31, 2021 and provides coverage for accumulated catastrophe losses of $50 million in excess of $60 million on property losses arising out of one or more of the following perils from storms or storm systems that are not named storms: (1) windstorm; (2) hail; (3) tornado and (4) fire; including ensuing collapse and water damage.
Coverage provided under the 2021 Aggregate Property Catastrophe Reinsurance Contract (January 1, 2021 to December 31, 2021) is summarized below.
Aggregate Catastrophe
Losses and LAE
DOLLARS IN MILLIONSIn Excess ofUp to
Retained$— $60.0 
Coverage60.0 110.0 
The estimated annual premium for the 2021 Aggregate Property Catastrophe Reinsurance Contract is $14.4 million. To maintain the same level and percentage of coverage in subsequent years as provided by the catastrophe reinsurance program in 2021, the Company’s property and casualty insurance companies will need to purchase additional reinsurance in the future for the portion of coverage expiring at the end of 2021, 2021 and 2022.
Other
In addition to the catastrophe loss exposures caused by natural events described above, Kemper’s property and casualty insurance companies are exposed to losses from catastrophic events that are not the result of acts of nature, such as acts of terrorism, the nature, occurrence and severity of which in any period cannot be accurately predicted. The companies have reinsurance coverage to address certain exposures to potential future terrorist attacks. The reinsurance coverage for certified events, as designated by the federal government, is from the Terrorist Risk Insurance Act and the coverage for non-certified events is available in the catastrophe reinsurance program for the property and casualty insurance companies. However, certain perils, such as biological, chemical, nuclear pollution or contamination, are excluded from the reinsurance coverage for non-certified events.
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Under the various reinsurance arrangements, Kemper’s property and casualty insurance companies are indemnified by reinsurers for certain losses incurred under insurance policies issued by the reinsurers. As indemnity reinsurance does not discharge an insurer from its direct obligations to policyholders on risks insured, Kemper’s property and casualty insurance companies remain directly liable. However, provided that the reinsurers meet their obligations, the net liability for Kemper’s property and casualty insurance companies is limited to the amount of risk that they retain. Kemper’s property and casualty insurance companies purchase their reinsurance only from reinsurers rated “A-” or better by A. M. Best Co., Inc. (“A.M. Best”), at the time of purchase. A.M. Best is an organization that specializes in rating insurance and reinsurance companies.
For further discussion of the reinsurance programs, see Note 20, “Catastrophe Reinsurance,” and Note 21, “Other Reinsurance,” to the Consolidated Financial Statements.
Pricing
Pricing levels for property and casualty insurance products are influenced by many factors, including the frequency and severity of claims, state regulation and legislation, competition, general business and economic conditions, including market rates of interest, inflation, expense levels, and judicial decisions. In addition, many state regulators require consideration of investment income when approving or setting rates, which could reduce underwriting margins. Further, some states have regulations that limit the after-tax return on underwriting profit allowed for an insurer and may impact the price charged for premiums or result in premium refunds. The Company derives a significant portion of its earned premiums in two such states, California and Florida. See MD&A under the caption “Specialty Property & Casualty Insurance” and “Preferred Property & Casualty Insurance.”
Competition
Based on the most recent annual data published by A.M. Best, as of the end of 2019, there were 1,107 property and casualty insurance groups in the United States. Kemper’s property and casualty group was among the top 6% of property and casualty insurance groups in the United States as measured by net written premiums, policyholders’ surplus and net admitted assets in 2019. Among all personal lines automobile insurance writers, Kemper’s property and casualty group was the 12th largest writer as measured by net written premiums in 2019.
Rankings by net admitted assets, net premiums written and capital and surplus were:
OrdinalPercentile
MeasurementRankRank
Net Admitted Assets5095 %
Net Written Premiums2897 
Capital and Surplus6694 
In 2019, the U.S. property and casualty insurance industry’s estimated net premiums written were $643 billion, of which nearly 80% were accounted for by the top 50 groups of property and casualty insurance companies. Kemper’s property and casualty insurance companies wrote less than 1% of the industry’s 2019 premium volume.
The property and casualty insurance industry is highly competitive, particularly with respect to personal automobile insurance. Kemper’s property and casualty insurance companies compete on the basis