Company Quick10K Filing
Quick10K
Koss
Closing Price ($) Shares Out (MM) Market Cap ($MM)
$1.87 7 $14
10-Q 2018-12-31 Quarter: 2018-12-31
10-Q 2018-12-31 Quarter: 2018-12-31
10-Q 2018-09-30 Quarter: 2018-09-30
10-K 2018-06-30 Annual: 2018-06-30
10-Q 2018-03-31 Quarter: 2018-03-31
10-Q 2017-12-31 Quarter: 2017-12-31
10-Q 2017-09-30 Quarter: 2017-09-30
10-K 2017-06-30 Annual: 2017-06-30
10-Q 2017-03-31 Quarter: 2017-03-31
10-Q 2016-12-31 Quarter: 2016-12-31
10-Q 2016-09-30 Quarter: 2016-09-30
10-K 2016-06-30 Annual: 2016-06-30
10-Q 2016-03-31 Quarter: 2016-03-31
10-Q 2015-12-31 Quarter: 2015-12-31
8-K 2019-01-24 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2019-01-24 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-12-18 Officers
8-K 2018-11-01 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-10-11 Shareholder Vote
8-K 2018-08-16 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-05-10 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-01-30 Earnings, Exhibits
SNE Sony
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AOS AO Smith
IRBT Irobot
SODA SodaStream
KN Knowles
SONO Sonos
UEIC Universal Electronics
ARLO Arlo Technologies
MSN Emerson Radio
KOSS 2018-12-31
Part I
Item 1. Financial Statements
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Part II
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Item 5. Other Information
Item 6. Exhibits
EX-31.1 kossexhibit31112312018.htm
EX-31.2 kossexhibit31212312018.htm
EX-32.1 kossexhibit32112312018.htm
EX-32.2 kossexhibit32212312018.htm

Koss Earnings 2018-12-31

KOSS 10Q Quarterly Report

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow

10-Q 1 fy19q210-q.htm 10-Q Document

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
Form 10-Q
 
x    QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 for the quarterly period ended December 31, 2018
 
OR
 
o    TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 Commission File Number 0-3295
 
KOSS CORPORATION
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)
 
DELAWARE
 
39-1168275
(State or other jurisdiction of
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
incorporation or organization)
 
 
 
4129 North Port Washington Avenue, Milwaukee, Wisconsin
 
53212
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
 
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (414) 964-5000
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant:  (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes þ  No o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes þ  No o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. 
Large accelerated filer o
 
Accelerated filer o
 
 
 
Non-accelerated filer o
 
Smaller reporting company þ
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
 
 
 
Emerging growth company o
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o




Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.).  Yes o No þ
 
At January 21, 2019, there were 7,404,831 shares outstanding of the registrant’s common stock. 




KOSS CORPORATION
FORM 10-Q
December 31, 2018

INDEX
 
 
 
 
Page
 
 
 
 

 

 
 
 
 

 
1

 
 
 
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 



3


PART I
FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.
   Financial Statements
 
KOSS CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
 
 
(Unaudited)
 
 
 
 
December 31, 2018
 
June 30, 2018
ASSETS
 
 

 
 

Current assets:
 
 

 
 

Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
2,246,763

 
$
1,081,533

Accounts receivable, less allowance for doubtful accounts of $82,787 and
$51,854, respectively
 
3,009,677

 
4,709,745

Inventories, net
 
7,185,674

 
6,138,679

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
 
266,637

 
206,776

Income taxes receivable
 
32,350

 
32,375

Total current assets
 
12,741,101

 
12,169,108

 
 
 
 
 
Equipment and leasehold improvements, net
 
995,874

 
1,132,105

 
 
 
 
 
Other assets:
 
 
 
 
Operating lease right-of-use assets
 
2,976,404

 
3,102,263

Cash surrender value of life insurance
 
6,522,031

 
6,374,372

Total other assets
 
9,498,435

 
9,476,635

 
 
 
 
 
Total assets
 
$
23,235,410

 
$
22,777,848

 
 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
 
 

 
 

Current liabilities:
 
 

 
 

Accounts payable
 
$
1,789,968

 
$
1,429,491

Accrued liabilities
 
637,751

 
788,961

Deferred revenue
 
622,959

 
690,905

Operating lease liability
 
259,872

 
254,418

Total current liabilities
 
3,310,550

 
3,163,775

 
 
 
 
 
Long-term liabilities:
 
 

 
 

Deferred compensation
 
2,406,986

 
2,394,009

Deferred revenue
 
155,023

 
168,465

Operating lease liability
 
2,716,532

 
2,847,845

Total long-term liabilities
 
5,278,541

 
5,410,319

 
 
 
 
 
Total liabilities
 
8,589,091

 
8,574,094

 
 
 
 
 
Stockholders' equity:
 
 

 
 

Common stock, $0.005 par value, authorized 20,000,000 shares; issued
and outstanding 7,404,831 and 7,382,706 shares, respectively
 
37,024

 
36,914

Paid in capital
 
5,993,193

 
5,752,270

Retained earnings
 
8,616,102

 
8,414,570

Total stockholders' equity
 
14,646,319

 
14,203,754

 
 
 
 
 
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity
 
$
23,235,410

 
$
22,777,848

 
 
 
 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

4


KOSS CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (Unaudited)
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
 
December 31
 
December 31
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Net sales
 
$
5,411,227

 
$
5,890,861

 
$
11,196,066

 
$
11,974,916

Cost of goods sold
 
3,748,732

 
4,013,857

 
7,702,387

 
8,414,262

Gross profit
 
1,662,495

 
1,877,004

 
3,493,679

 
3,560,654

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Selling, general and administrative expenses
 
1,530,626

 
1,800,304

 
3,263,520

 
3,448,010

Unauthorized transaction related costs (recoveries), net
 
(2,252
)
 
(1,771
)
 
28,602

 
(16,180
)
Interest expense
 

 
2,526

 

 
5,218

Income before income tax provision
 
134,121

 
75,945

 
201,557

 
123,606

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income tax provision
 

 
3,016,538

 
25

 
3,042,230

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income (loss)
 
$
134,121

 
$
(2,940,593
)
 
$
201,532

 
$
(2,918,624
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income (loss) per common share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
$
0.02

 
$
(0.40
)
 
$
0.03

 
$
(0.40
)
Diluted
 
$
0.02

 
$
(0.40
)
 
$
0.03

 
$
(0.40
)
Weighted-average number of shares
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
7,404,831

 
7,382,706

 
7,397,291

 
7,382,706

Diluted
 
7,413,391

 
7,382,706

 
7,423,517

 
7,382,706

 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.


5


KOSS CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Unaudited)
 
 
 
Six Months Ended
 
 
December 31
 
 
2018
 
2017
Operating activities:
 
 

 
 

Net income (loss)
 
$
201,532

 
$
(2,918,624
)
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by
operating activities:
 
 
 
 
Provision for (recovery of) doubtful accounts
 
30,806

 
(4,341
)
Loss on disposal of equipment and leasehold improvements
 

 
343

Depreciation of equipment and leasehold improvements
 
248,830

 
263,550

Stock-based compensation expense
 
194,356

 
165,832

Deferred income taxes
 

 
3,041,405

Change in cash surrender value of life insurance
 
(24,744
)
 
(172,214
)
Change in deferred revenue
 
(81,388
)
 
(101,765
)
Change in deferred compensation accrual
 
87,977

 
91,812

Deferred compensation paid
 
(75,000
)
 
(75,000
)
Net changes in operating assets and liabilities (see note 10)
 
771,698

 
97,504

Cash provided by operating activities
 
1,354,067

 
388,502

 
 
 
 
 
Investing activities:
 
 

 
 

Purchase of equipment and leasehold improvements
 
(112,599
)
 
(230,121
)
Life insurance premiums paid
 
(122,915
)
 
(130,897
)
Cash (used in) investing activities
 
(235,514
)
 
(361,018
)
 
 
 
 
 
Financing activities:
 
 

 
 

Proceeds from exercise of stock options
 
46,677

 

Cash provided by financing activities
 
46,677

 

 
 
 
 
 
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents
 
1,165,230

 
27,484

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
 
1,081,533

 
432,283

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
 
$
2,246,763

 
$
459,767

 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.



6


KOSS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARY
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY (Unaudited)

 
 
Six Months Ended December 31, 2018
 
 
Common Stock
 
Paid in
 
Retained
 
 
 
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
Capital
 
Earnings
 
Total
Balance, June 30, 2018
 
7,382,706

 
$
36,914

 
$
5,752,270

 
$
8,414,570

 
$
14,203,754

Net income
 

 

 

 
201,532

 
201,532

Stock-based compensation expense
 

 

 
194,356

 

 
194,356

Exercise of common stock options
 
22,125

 
110

 
46,567

 

 
46,677

Balance, December 31, 2018
 
7,404,831

 
$
37,024

 
$
5,993,193

 
$
8,616,102

 
$
14,646,319


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.



7


KOSS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARY
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY (Unaudited)

 
 
Three Months Ended December 31, 2018
 
 
Common Stock
 
Paid in
 
Retained
 
 
 
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
Capital
 
Earnings
 
Total
Balance, September 30, 2018
 
7,404,831

 
$
37,024

 
$
5,895,638

 
$
8,481,981

 
$
14,414,643

Net income
 

 

 

 
134,121

 
134,121

Stock-based compensation expense
 

 

 
97,555

 

 
97,555

Balance, December 31, 2018
 
7,404,831

 
$
37,024

 
$
5,993,193

 
$
8,616,102

 
$
14,646,319


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.



8



KOSS CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
December 31, 2018
(Unaudited)

1.    CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
The condensed consolidated balance sheet of Koss Corporation (the "Company") as of June 30, 2018, has been derived from audited financial statements.  The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements presented herein are based on interim amounts.  Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) have been condensed or omitted. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) necessary to present fairly the financial position, results of operations and cash flows for all periods presented have been made.  The operating results for the six months ended December 31, 2018, are not necessarily indicative of the operating results that may be experienced for the full fiscal year ending June 30, 2019.
 
These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2018.

The Company has restated certain prior period amounts related to revenue and leases to conform to the current period presentation based on its adoption of the new accounting standards for those items.

2.    SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

REVENUE RECOGNITION — In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2014-09 (Topic 606), Revenue from Contracts with Customers. This new standard supersedes nearly all existing revenue recognition guidance and provides a five-step analysis to determine when and how revenue is recognized. The underlying principle is to recognize revenue when promised goods or services transfer to the customer. The amount of revenue recognized is to reflect the consideration expected to be received for those goods or services.

The Company adopted the requirements of the new standard on July 1, 2018 using the full retrospective transition method. Prior period consolidated financial statements were restated to reflect full retrospective adoption beginning with the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 2018.

Revenues from product sales are recognized when the customer obtains control of the product, which typically occurs upon shipment from the Company's facility. There are a very limited number of customers for which control does not pass until they have received the products at their facility. Revenue from product sales is adjusted for estimated warranty obligations and variable consideration, which are detailed below.

Warranties - The Company offers a lifetime warranty to consumers in the United States and certain other countries. This lifetime warranty creates a future performance obligation. There are also certain foreign distributors that receive warranty repair parts and replacement headphones to satisfy warranty obligations in those countries. The Company defers revenue to recognize the future obligations related to these warranties. The deferred revenue is based on historical analysis of warranty claims relative to sales. This deferred revenue reflects the Company's best estimates of the amount of warranty returns and repairs it will experience during those future periods. If future warranty activity varies from the estimates, the Company will adjust the estimated deferred revenue, which would affect net sales and operating results in the period that such adjustment becomes known.

Reserves for Variable Consideration - Revenue from product sales is recorded at the net sales price, which includes estimates of variable consideration for which reserves are established and which result from returns, rebates, and co-pay assistance that are offered within contracts between the Company and its customers. Overall, these reserves reflect the Company's best estimates of the amount of consideration to which it is entitled based on the terms of the contract. If actual results in the future vary from the estimates, the Company will adjust these estimates, which would affect net sales and operating results in the period such variances become known.

Product Returns - The Company generally offers customers a limited right of return. The Company estimates the amount of product sales that may be returned by its customers and records the estimate as a reduction of revenue in the period the related product revenue is recognized. Product return liabilities are estimated using historical sales and returns information. If actual

9


results in the future vary from the estimates, the Company will adjust these estimates, which would affect net sales and operating results in the period such variances become known.

Volume Rebates - The Company offers volume rebates to certain customers in the United Sates and certain foreign distributors. These volume rebates are tied to sales volume within specified periods. The amount of revenue is reduced for variable consideration related to customer rebates, which are calculated using expected values and is based on program specific factors such as expected rebate percentages and expected volumes. Changes in such accruals may be required if actual sales volume differs from estimated sales volume, which would affect net sales and operating results in the period such variances become known.

LEASES — In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02 (Topic 842), Leases. This new standard revises existing lease guidance and requires all operating leases to be recorded on a company's balance sheet as right-of-use ("ROU") assets and lease liabilities. The new guidance also requires additional disclosures about leases. The Company adopted the requirements of the new standard on July 1, 2018 using the modified retrospective transition method. Prior period consolidated financial statements were restated to reflect modified retrospective adoption beginning with the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 2018.

The Company determines if a contract is a lease at the date of inception. The Company leases its facility in Milwaukee, Wisconsin from Koss Holdings, LLC, which is wholly-owned by the former chairman, and has determined that the lease is an operating lease.

Operating leases are reported on the Company's condensed consolidated balance sheets as operating lease ROU assets and operating lease liabilities. Operating lease ROU assets and liabilities are valued at the present value of the future lease payment obligations.

INCOME PER COMMON SHARE - Basic income per share is computed based on the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding.  Diluted income per common share is computed by dividing net income by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding assuming dilution. The difference between basic and diluted income per share is the result of the dilutive effect of outstanding stock options. For the six months ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, there were 2,628,692 and 2,395,000 shares of common stock underlying options and warrants excluded due to these instruments being anti-dilutive, respectively.

3.    RECENTLY ADOPTED ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS

REVENUE RECOGNITION — In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09 (Topic 606), Revenue from Contracts with Customers. The Company adopted the new standard effective July 1, 2018, using the full retrospective method. Adoption of the new revenue recognition standard required the Company to restate its previously reported results for the prior year comparative period and had a material impact on the consolidated balance sheets but an overall immaterial impact on its consolidated statements of income and cash flows and related disclosures. The impact on the Company's consolidated balance sheets was a result of the adjustment to defer revenue from prior years and a corresponding adjustment to retained earnings.

LEASES — In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02 (Topic 842), Leases. The Company elected to early adopt the standard effective July 1, 2018, concurrent with the adoption of the new standard related to revenue recognition. The adoption of the new lease standard had a material impact on the consolidated balance sheets but did not have an impact on the consolidated statements of operations. The impact on the Company's consolidated balance sheets was a result of recording the right-of-use asset and corresponding lease liability. Adoption of the new standard also required the Company to restate its previously reported results to include the recognition of right-of-use assets and lease liabilities for the prior year comparative period.

IMPACTS TO PREVIOUSLY REPORTED RESULTS — Adoption of the standard related to revenue recognition impacted the Company's previously reported results as follows:

10


 
 
 
 
New
 
 
 
 
As
 
Revenue
 
 
Balance Sheets
 
Previously
 
Standard
 
As
June 30, 2018
 
Reported
 
Adjustment
 
Adjusted
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Accrued liabilities
 
$
1,178,571

 
$
(389,610
)
 
$
788,961

Deferred revenue
 

 
690,905

 
690,905

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Long-term liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other liabilities
 
155,702

 
(155,702
)
 

Deferred revenue
 

 
168,465

 
168,465

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Equity:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Retained earnings
 
8,728,628

 
(314,058
)
 
8,414,570


 
 
 
 
New
 
 
 
 
As
 
Revenue
 
 
Statements of Income
 
Previously
 
Standard
 
As
Three Months Ended December 31, 2017
 
Reported
 
Adjustment
 
Adjusted
Net sales
 
$
5,883,877

 
$
6,984

 
$
5,890,861

Cost of goods sold
 
3,997,922

 
15,935

 
4,013,857

Income tax provision
 
3,022,617

 
(6,079
)
 
3,016,538

Net (loss)
 
(2,937,721
)
 
(2,872
)
 
(2,940,593
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(Loss) per common share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
$
(0.40
)
 
$

 
$
(0.40
)
Diluted
 
(0.40
)
 

 
(0.40
)

 
 
 
 
New
 
 
 
 
As
 
Revenue
 
 
Statements of Income
 
Previously
 
Standard
 
As
Six Months Ended December 31, 2017
 
Reported
 
Adjustment
 
Adjusted
Net sales
 
$
11,950,507

 
$
24,409

 
$
11,974,916

Cost of goods sold
 
8,390,598

 
23,664

 
8,414,262

Income tax provision
 
3,043,082

 
(852
)
 
3,042,230

Net (loss)
 
(2,920,221
)
 
1,597

 
(2,918,624
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(Loss) per common share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
$
(0.40
)
 
$

 
$
(0.40
)
Diluted
 
(0.40
)
 

 
(0.40
)

Adoption of the standard related to leases impacted the Company's previously reported results by adding the following line items to the Company's balance sheets:

11


Balance Sheets
 
As
June 30, 2018
 
Adjusted
Assets:
 
 
Operating lease right-of-use assets
 
$
3,102,263

 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
Operating lease liability
 
254,418

 
 
 
Long-term liabilities:
 
 
Operating lease liability
 
2,847,845


Adoption of the standards related to revenue recognition and leases had no impact on total cash provided by operating activities on the consolidated statements of cash flows.




4.    UNAUTHORIZED TRANSACTION RELATED COSTS AND RECOVERIES

In December 2009, the Company learned of significant unauthorized transactions as previously reported. The Company has ongoing costs and recoveries associated with the unauthorized transactions. For the three and six months ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, the costs and recoveries were as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
 
December 31
 
December 31
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Legal fees incurred
 
$

 
$

 
$
32,500

 
$

Restitution payments
 
(2,252
)
 
(1,771
)
 
(3,898
)
 
(16,180
)
Unauthorized transaction related costs (recoveries), net
 
$
(2,252
)
 
$
(1,771
)
 
$
28,602

 
$
(16,180
)

5.    INVENTORIES
 
The components of inventories were as follows:
 
 
December 31, 2018
 
June 30, 2018
Raw materials
 
$
2,681,076

 
$
2,717,862

Finished goods
 
7,029,746

 
6,057,703


 
9,710,822

 
8,775,565

Allowance for obsolete inventory
 
(2,525,148
)
 
(2,636,886
)
Inventories, net
 
$
7,185,674

 
$
6,138,679


6.    INCOME TAXES
 
The Company files income tax returns in the United States federal jurisdiction and in several state jurisdictions.  The statute of limitations for the Company’s federal tax returns for tax years beginning July 1, 2014 or later are open.  For states in which the Company files state income tax returns, the statute of limitations is generally open for tax years ended June 30, 2014 or later.

On December 22, 2017, the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (“the Tax Act”) was signed. The Tax Act significantly changed the income tax environment for US corporations, including the reduction of the US federal corporate tax rate from 35% to 21%. For the three and six months ended December 31, 2018, the Company recorded an income tax expense of $0 and $25 respectively compared to income tax expense of $3,016,538 and $3,042,230 for the three and six months ended December 31, 2017. There was no tax expense in the three months ended December 31, 2018, related to the change in federal statutory tax rate. The income tax expense for the three and six months ended December 31, 2017 includes $713,826 for the write down of

12


deferred income taxes due to the change in federal statutory rate as a result of the passage of the Tax Act and $2,241,389 related to the recording of a valuation allowance for all deferred taxes. The valuation allowance was recorded due to uncertainty of the ability to realize the deferred tax assets.

The Company does not believe it has any unrecognized tax benefits as of December 31, 2018 and as of June 30, 2018. Any changes to the Company’s unrecognized tax benefits as of December 31, 2018, if recognized, would impact the effective tax rate.

7.    CREDIT FACILITY
 
On May 12, 2010, the Company entered into a secured credit facility (“Credit Agreement”) with JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. (“Lender”).  The Credit Agreement provided for an $8,000,000 revolving secured credit facility with interest rates either ranging from 0.0% to 0.75% over the Lender’s most recently publicly announced prime rate or 2.0% to 3.0% over LIBOR, depending on the Company’s leverage ratio.  The Company pays a fee of 0.3% to 0.45% for unused amounts committed in the credit facility. On June 29, 2017, the Credit Agreement was amended to reduce the facility to $4,000,000 and to eliminate the financial covenants.  On May 9, 2018, the Credit Agreement was amended to extend the expiration to July 31, 2019. In addition to the revolving loans, the Credit Agreement also provides that the Company may, from time to time, request the Lender to issue letters of credit for the benefit of the Company of up to a sublimit of $2,000,000 and subject to certain other limitations.  The loan may be used only for general corporate purposes of the Company. The Company and the Lender also entered into the Pledge and Security Agreement dated May 12, 2010, under which the Company granted the Lender a security interest in substantially all of the Company’s assets in connection with the Company’s obligations under the Credit Agreement. The Company is currently in compliance with all covenants related to the Credit Agreement. As of December 31, 2018 and June 30, 2018, there were no outstanding borrowings on the facility.

The Company incurs interest expense primarily related to its secured credit facility. Interest expense was $2,526 and $5,218 for the three and six months ended December 31, 2017, respectively. There was no interest expense in the three and six months ended December 31, 2018.

8.    ACCRUED LIABILITIES

Accrued liabilities were as follows:
 
 
December 31, 2018
 
June 30, 2018
Cooperative advertising and promotion allowances
 
$
152,086

 
$
292,873

Customer credit balances
 
145,289

 
53,365

Current deferred compensation
 
150,000

 
150,000

Employee benefits
 
55,511

 
60,739

Legal and professional fees
 
59,300

 
81,000

Profit-sharing
 
15,039

 
17,975

Sales commissions and bonuses
 
36,298

 
74,078

Other
 
24,228

 
58,931

Total accrued liabilities
 
$
637,751

 
$
788,961


9.    STOCK OPTIONS
 
The Company recognizes stock-based compensation expense for options granted under both the 1990 Flexible Incentive Plan and the 2012 Omnibus Incentive Plan ("2012 Plan"). The stock-based compensation relates to stock options granted to employees and non-employee directors. In the six months ended December 31, 2018, options to purchase 585,000 shares were granted under the 2012 Plan at a weighted average exercise price of $2.79. In the six months ended December 31, 2017, options to purchase 490,000 shares were granted under the 2012 Plan at a weighted average exercise price of $1.89. Stock-based compensation expense during the three and six months ended December 31, 2018 was $97,555 and $194,356. Stock-based compensation expense during the three and six months ended December 31, 2017 was $82,791 and $165,832.


13


10.    ADDITIONAL CASH FLOW INFORMATION
 
The net changes in cash as a result of changes in operating assets and liabilities consist of the following:
 
 
Six Months Ended
 
 
December 31
 
 
2018
 
2017
Accounts receivable
 
$
1,669,262

 
$
250,119

Inventories
 
(1,046,995
)
 
910,333

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
 
(59,861
)
 
(70,464
)
Income taxes receivable
 
25

 
825

Accounts payable
 
360,477

 
(999,275
)
Accrued liabilities
 
(151,210
)
 
5,966

Net change
 
$
771,698

 
$
97,504

 
 
 
 
 
Net cash paid during the period for:
 
 

 
 

Income taxes
 
$
1,620

 
$
800

Interest
 
$

 
$
5,171


11.     DEFERRED REVENUE

Changes in unearned revenue were as follows:
 
 
Beginning
Balance
 
Deferral
of Revenue
 
Recognition
of Deferred
Revenue
 
Ending
Balance
Six Months Ended December 31, 2018
 
$
859,370

 
$
286,799

 
$
(368,187
)
 
$
777,982


12.    LEASES
 
The Company leases its facility in Milwaukee, Wisconsin from Koss Holdings, LLC, which is wholly-owned by the former Chairman.  On January 5, 2017, the lease was renewed for a period of five years, ending June 30, 2023, and is being accounted for as an operating lease.  The lease extension maintained the rent at a fixed rate of $380,000 per year and included an option to renew at the same rate for an additional five years ending June 30, 2028.  The Company is responsible for all property maintenance, insurance, taxes and other normal expenses related to ownership.

The Company used its incremental borrowing rate as of July 1, 2017, the retrospective date of adoption of ASU 2016-02 (Topic 842) Leases, to calculate the net present value of the operating lease ROU asset and liability. The five year renewal option was included in the calculation of the ROU asset and liability as the Company believes it is more likely than not to exercise its right to renew. The non-lease components of the agreement related to common area maintenance charges are accounted for separately.

Supplemental information related to lease expense and valuation of the ROU asset and liability was as follows:
 
 
Three and Six Months Ended
 
 
December 31
 
 
2018
 
2017
Operating lease cost
 
$
190,000

 
$
190,000

Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities:
 
 
 
 
Operating cash flows from operating leases
 
$
190,000

 
$
190,000

Weighted-average remaining lease term (in years)
 
9.5

 
10.5

Weighted-average discount rate
 
4.25
%
 
4.25
%



14


The maturity schedule of future minimum lease payments and reconciliation to the operating lease liabilities reported on the consolidated balance sheets is as follows:
Year ending June 30,
 
 
Operating lease payments, 2019 (excluding the six months ended December 31, 2018)
 
$
190,000

Operating lease payments, 2020
 
380,000

Operating lease payments, 2021
 
380,000

Operating lease payments, 2022
 
380,000

Operating lease payments, 2023
 
380,000

Operating lease payments, Thereafter
 
1,900,000

Total operating lease payments
 
3,610,000

Present value adjustment
 
(633,596
)
Total operating lease liabilities
 
$
2,976,404


13    LEGAL MATTERS
 
As of December 31, 2018, the Company is party to the following matters described below:

On December 17, 2010, the Company filed an action against Park Bank in Circuit Court of Milwaukee County, Wisconsin alleging a claim of breach of the Uniform Fiduciaries Act relating to the unauthorized transactions, as previously reported. In 2015, Park Bank filed third party claims based on contribution and subrogation against Grant Thornton LLP and Michael Koss. The Court granted motions to dismiss the contribution claims against Grant Thornton LLP and Michael Koss, but determined that it was premature to decide the subrogation claims at this stage of the proceedings. On or around March 11, 2016, the Court entered an order granting Park Bank's motion for summary judgment that dismissed the case. On March 22, 2016, the Company filed a Notice of Appeal that appeals the order granting Park Bank's motion for summary judgment and the Court's denial of the motion to dismiss the subrogation claims. Park Bank also filed a cross–appeal that appeals the Court's order that granted the motions to dismiss the contribution claims against Grant Thornton LLP and Michael Koss. On December 12, 2017, the Court of Appeals issued its decision that affirmed the Circuit Court’s judgment dismissing the Company’s claim against Park Bank. The Company filed a Petition for Review of that decision before the Supreme Court of Wisconsin. On March 14, 2018, the Court granted the Petition. The case is currently pending before the Wisconsin Supreme Court.

In addition, on or around July 13, 2018, the Company was served with a lawsuit by a former celebrity endorser of certain products alleging that the Company used her name and image to market and sell the products after the termination of their agreement without her consent. On August 10, 2018, the Company filed a Motion to Dismiss the complaint. On January 4, 2019, the Court denied the Motion to Dismiss. This case remains pending.

The ultimate resolution of these matters is not determinable unless otherwise noted.


15


CAUTIONARY STATEMENT REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
 
This Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of that term in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 (the “Act”) (Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934).  Additional written or oral forward-looking statements may be made by the Company from time to time in filings with the Securities Exchange Commission, press releases, or otherwise.  Statements contained in this Form 10-Q that are not historical facts are forward-looking statements made pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of the Act.  Forward-looking statements may include, but are not limited to, projections of revenue, income or loss and capital expenditures, statements regarding future operations, anticipated financing needs, compliance with financial covenants in loan agreements, plans for acquisitions or sales of assets or businesses, plans relating to products or services of the Company, assessments of materiality, predictions of future events, the effects of pending and possible litigation and assumptions relating to the foregoing.  In addition, when used in this Form 10-Q, the words “anticipates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “expects,” “intends,” “plans,” “may,” “will,” “should,” “forecasts,” “predicts,” “potential,” “continue” and variations thereof and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements.
 
Forward-looking statements are inherently subject to risks and uncertainties, some of which cannot be predicted or quantified based on current expectations.  Consequently, future events and actual results could differ materially from those set forth in, contemplated by, or underlying the forward-looking statements contained in this Form 10-Q, or in other Company filings, press releases, or otherwise.  In addition to the factors discussed in this Form 10-Q, other factors that could contribute to or cause such differences include, but are not limited to, developments in any one or more of the following areas: future fluctuations in economic conditions, the receptivity of consumers to new consumer electronics technologies, the rate and consumer acceptance of new product introductions, competition, pricing, the number and nature of customers and their product orders, production by third party vendors, foreign manufacturing, sourcing, and sales (including foreign government regulation, trade and importation concerns), borrowing costs, changes in tax rates, pending or threatened litigation and investigations, and other risk factors which may be detailed from time to time in the Company’s Securities and Exchange Commission filings.
 
Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements contained herein, which speak only as of the date hereof.  The Company undertakes no obligation to publicly release the result of any revisions to these forward-looking statements that may be made to reflect events or circumstances after the date hereof or to reflect new information.



16


Item 2.
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 
Overview
 
The Company developed stereo headphones in 1958 and has been a leader in the industry.  Koss markets a complete line of high-fidelity headphones, wireless Bluetooth® headphones, wireless Bluetooth® speakers, computer headsets, telecommunications headsets, and active noise canceling headphones. The Company operates as one business segment.

Results of Operations Summary

Net sales for the quarter ended December 31, 2018, decreased $479,634 to $5,411,227, compared to the same quarter last year. For the six months ended December 31, 2018, net sales decreased $778,850 to $11,196,066. A decline in sales to domestic mass retail customers and distributors drove the decrease in net sales. Increased sales to foreign distributors partially offset the decline in domestic sales.
Gross profit as a percent of net sales decreased for the three months ended December 31, 2018 compared to the same quarter last year. For the six months ended December 31, 2018, gross profit as a percent of net sales increased. Gross profit fluctuations were primarily driven by change in the mix of business by product, customer and sales channel.
Selling, general and administrative expenses for the three and six months ended December 31, 2018, decreased compared to the same period in the prior year primarily due to a decrease in employee benefit costs, sales commissions, engineering testing costs, and legal fees. For the six months ended December 31, 2018, cash surrender value income was less than the prior year.
Tax expense for the three and six months ended December 31, 2018 was minimal due to an offsetting change in the valuation allowance for deferred tax assets. During the three months ended December 31, 2017, the valuation allowance was increased to offset the full value of deferred tax assets.

Financial Results

The following table presents selected financial data for the three and six months ended December 31, 2018 and 2017:

 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
 
December 31
 
December 31
Financial Performance Summary
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Net sales
 
$
5,411,227

 
$
5,890,861

 
$
11,196,066

 
$
11,974,916

Net sales (decrease) increase %
 
(8.1
)%
 
(11.9
)%
 
(6.5
)%
 
0.2
%
Gross profit
 
$
1,662,495

 
$
1,877,004

 
$
3,493,679

 
$
3,560,654

Gross profit as % of net sales
 
30.7
 %
 
31.9
 %
 
31.2
 %
 
29.7
%
Selling, general and administrative expenses
 
$
1,530,626

 
$
1,800,304

 
$
3,263,520

 
$
3,448,010

Selling, general and administrative expenses as % of net sales
 
28.3
 %
 
30.6
 %
 
29.1
 %
 
28.8
%
Unauthorized transaction related costs (recoveries), net
 
$
(2,252
)
 
$
(1,771
)
 
$
28,602

 
$
(16,180
)
Interest expense
 
$

 
$
2,526

 
$

 
$
5,218

Income before income tax provision
 
$
134,121

 
$
75,945

 
$
201,557

 
$
123,606

Income before income tax as % of net sales
 
2.5
 %
 
1.3
 %
 
1.8
 %
 
1.0
%
Income tax provision
 
$

 
$
3,016,538

 
$
25

 
$
3,042,230

Income tax provision as % of income before income tax
 
 %
 
3,972.0
 %
 
 %
 
2,461.2
%

2018 Results Compared with 2017
(comments refer to both the three and six month periods unless otherwise stated)


For the three and six months ended December 31, 2018, sales declined 8.1% and 6.5%, respectively, due to a decrease in domestic mass retail customers and certain domestic distributors. The domestic sales decline was partially offset by increased sales in the export markets.


17


Net sales in the domestic market were approximately $3,223,000 in the three months ended December 31, 2018, which is a 19.6% decrease from last year's approximately $4,010,000. For the six months ended December 31, 2018, domestic net sales decreased from $8,382,000 to approximately $6,956,000. Declines in sales to mass retail customers and certain distributors accounted for most of the decline. Mass retail was impacted by product placement and decreased sales to a retailer with financial difficulties. The decline of sales to certain distributors was partially due to competition in lower priced and low margin product where we increased pricing to improve margins.

Export net sales increased to approximately $2,188,000 for the three months ended December 31, 2018, compared to approximately $1,881,000 for the three months ended December 31, 2017. For the six months ended December 31, 2018, sales increased to approximately $4,240,000 from $3,594,000 last year. Sales to distributors in Europe, Asia and the South Pacific were the primary drivers of the increase. New product introductions, especially wireless models, were a big part of the increased sales.
 
Gross profit decreased to 30.7% for the three months ended December 31, 2018, compared to 31.9% for the three months ended December 31, 2017. For the six months ended December 31, 2018, gross profit increased to 31.2% from 29.7% in the prior year. The margin rates are very dependent on mix of sales by customer, product and sales channel.

Selling, general and administrative expenses for the three and six months ended December 31, 2018, decreased compared to the prior year. Decreased benefit costs, lower sales commissions, decreased engineering testing costs, and lower legal fees caused the decline in expense. Benefit costs declined due to a decrease in the company match to the 401(k) plan and a medical insurance refund received in the three months ended December 31, 2018. Sales commissions were lower due to a decline in domestic sales and reduced commissions to certain outside sales representatives. In the three and six months ended December 31, 2017, there was more new product engineering testing than was experienced this year. Legal fees were higher in the three and six months ended December 31, 2017 relating to work performed on the Company's intellectual property. These spending decreases were partially offset by a decline in cash surrender value income in the six months ended December 31, 2018.

Interest expense decreased compared to the same period in the prior year because the Company did not draw on its line of credit facility during the six months ended December 31, 2018.
 
Income tax expense for the six months ended December 31, 2018, was comprised of the U.S. federal statutory rate of 21% and the effect of state income taxes offset by an adjustment to the valuation allowance for deferred tax assets.

Liquidity and Capital Resources
 
Cash Flows

The following table summarizes our cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities for the six months ended December 31, 2018 and 2017:

Total cash provided by (used in):
 
2018
 
2017
Operating activities
 
$
1,354,067

 
$
388,502

Investing activities
 
(235,514
)
 
(361,018
)
Financing activities
 
46,677

 

Net increase in cash and cash equivalents
 
$
1,165,230

 
$
27,484


Operating Activities
 
The decrease in accounts receivable and increase in accounts payable, partially offset by an increase in inventory, drove the increase in cash provided by operating activities during the six months ended December 31, 2018.

Investing Activities
 
Cash used in investing activities was lower for the six months ended December 31, 2018, as the Company had decreased expenditures for tooling related to new product introductions. During the fiscal year ending June 30, 2019, the Company anticipates it will incur total expenditures for tooling, leasehold improvements and capital expenditures similar to last fiscal year.  The Company expects to generate sufficient cash flow through operations or through the use of its credit facility to fund these expenditures.

18


 
Financing Activities
 
As of December 31, 2018 and 2017, the Company had no outstanding borrowings on its bank line of credit facility.

There were no purchases of common stock in 2018 or 2017 under the stock repurchase program.  Cash provided in 2018 was from stock options exercised which resulted in the issuance of 22,125 shares of common stock. No stock options were exercised in 2017.
 
Liquidity
 
The Company's capital expenditures are primarily for tooling. In addition, it has interest payments on its borrowings when it uses its line of credit facility. The Company believes that cash generated from operations, together with cash reserves and borrowings available under its credit facility, provide it with adequate liquidity to meet operating requirements, debt service requirements and planned capital expenditures for the next twelve months and thereafter for the foreseeable future. The Company regularly evaluates new product offerings, inventory levels and capital expenditures to ensure that it is effectively allocating resources in line with current market conditions.

Credit Facility
 
On May 12, 2010, the Company entered into a secured credit facility (“Credit Agreement”) with JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. (“Lender”).  The Credit Agreement provided for an $8,000,000 revolving secured credit facility and letters of credit for the benefit of the Company of up to a sublimit of $2,000,000.  On June 29, 2017, the Credit Agreement was amended to reduce the facility to $4,000,000 and to eliminate the financial covenants. On May 9, 2018, the Credit Agreement was amended to extend the expiration to July 31, 2019. The Company and the Lender also entered into the Pledge and Security Agreement dated May 12, 2010, under which the Company granted the Lender a security interest in substantially all of the Company’s assets in connection with the Company’s obligations under the Credit Agreement. The Company is currently in compliance with all covenants related to the Credit Agreement. As of December 31, 2018 and June 30, 2018, there were no outstanding borrowings on the facility.



19



Item 3.
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
 
Not applicable. 


Item 4.
Controls and Procedures
 
Disclosure Controls and Procedures
 
Disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”) are designed to ensure that: (1) information required to be disclosed in reports filed or submitted under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in SEC rules and forms; and (2)  such information is accumulated and communicated to management, including the chief executive officer and principal financial officer, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosures.  There are inherent limitations to the effectiveness of any system of disclosure controls and procedures, including the possibility of human error and the circumvention or overriding of controls and procedures.  Accordingly, even effective disclosure controls and procedures can only provide reasonable assurance of achieving their control objectives.
 
The Company’s management, including the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, evaluated the effectiveness of the design and operation of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures as of December 31, 2018.  The Company’s management has concluded that the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures as of December 31, 2018 were effective.

 
Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
 
There have been no significant changes in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a–15(f) and 15d–15(f)) that occurred during the Company’s most recent fiscal quarter that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. The Company implemented internal controls to ensure management properly assessed the impact of the new accounting standards related to revenue recognition and leases on its consolidated financial statements to facilitate adoption of the standards on July 1, 2018. There were no significant changes to the Company’s internal control over financial reporting due to the adoption of the new standards.





20



PART II
OTHER INFORMATION
 
Item 1.
 Legal Proceedings
 
As of December 31, 2018, the Company is currently involved in legal matters that are described in Note 13 to the condensed consolidated financial statements, which description is incorporated herein by reference.

Item 1A.
Risk Factors
 
Not applicable.
 
Item 2.
 Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
 
The following table presents information with respect to purchases of common stock of the Company made during the three months ended December 31, 2018, by the Company.
 
COMPANY REPURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES
 
Period (2018)
 
Total # of
Shares
Purchased
 
Average
Price Paid
per Share
 
Total Number of Shares Purchased as Part of Publicly Announced Plan (1)
 
Approximate Dollar Value of Shares Available under Repurchase Plan
October 1 - December 31
 

 
$

 

 
$
2,139,753

 
(1)          In April of 1995, the Board of Directors approved a stock repurchase program authorizing the Company to purchase from time to time up to $2,000,000 of its common stock for its own account.  Subsequently, the Board of Directors periodically has approved increases in the stock repurchase program.  The most recent increase was for an additional $2,000,000 in October 2006, for a maximum of $45,500,000 of which $43,360,247 had been expended through December 31, 2018.
 
Item 3.
Defaults Upon Senior Securities
 
None.
 
Item 4.
Mine Safety Disclosures
 
Not applicable.

Item 5.
Other Information
 
On January 23, 2019, the Board of Directors elected David D. Smith to replace Elizabeth Uecker as Secretary. Mr. Smith also serves as Chief Financial Officer.



21


Item 6.
Exhibits
Exhibit No.
Exhibit Description
 
 
31.1
 
 
31.2
 
 
32.1
 
 
32.2
 
 
101
The following financial information from Koss Corporation's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended December 31, 2018, formatted in XBRL (eXtensible Business Reporting Language): (i) Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2018 and June 30, 2018, (ii) Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income (Unaudited) for the three and six months ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 (iii) Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited) for the six months ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 and (iv) the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited). *

__________________________
*
Filed herewith
**
Furnished herewith


22



SIGNATURES
 
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 
 
KOSS CORPORATION
 
 
 
 
 
/s/ Michael J. Koss
 
January 25, 2019
Michael J. Koss
 
Chairman
 
Chief Executive Officer
 
 
 
 
 
/s/ David D. Smith
 
January 25, 2019
David D. Smith
 
Chief Financial Officer
 
Principal Accounting Officer
 
 
 
 
 


23