10-Q 1 ktos-20240331.htm 10-Q ktos-20240331
000106925812/292024Q1FALSE91http://fasb.org/us-gaap/2023#PropertyPlantAndEquipmentAndFinanceLeaseRightOfUseAssetAfterAccumulatedDepreciationAndAmortizationhttp://fasb.org/us-gaap/2023#PropertyPlantAndEquipmentAndFinanceLeaseRightOfUseAssetAfterAccumulatedDepreciationAndAmortizationhttp://fasb.org/us-gaap/2023#OtherLiabilitiesCurrenthttp://fasb.org/us-gaap/2023#OtherLiabilitiesCurrenthttp://fasb.org/us-gaap/2023#OtherLiabilitiesNoncurrenthttp://fasb.org/us-gaap/2023#OtherLiabilitiesNoncurrent29100010692582024-01-012024-03-3100010692582024-05-03xbrli:shares00010692582024-03-31iso4217:USD00010692582023-12-31iso4217:USDxbrli:shares0001069258us-gaap:ServiceMember2024-01-012024-03-310001069258us-gaap:ServiceMember2022-12-262023-03-260001069258us-gaap:ProductMember2024-01-012024-03-310001069258us-gaap:ProductMember2022-12-262023-03-2600010692582022-12-262023-03-260001069258us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2022-12-250001069258us-gaap:CommonStockMember2022-12-250001069258us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2022-12-250001069258us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2022-12-250001069258us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2022-12-2500010692582022-12-250001069258us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2022-12-262023-03-260001069258us-gaap:CommonStockMember2022-12-262023-03-260001069258us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2022-12-262023-03-260001069258us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2022-12-262023-03-260001069258us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2022-12-262023-03-260001069258us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2023-03-260001069258us-gaap:CommonStockMember2023-03-260001069258us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2023-03-260001069258us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2023-03-260001069258us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2023-03-2600010692582023-03-260001069258us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2023-12-310001069258us-gaap:CommonStockMember2023-12-310001069258us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2023-12-310001069258us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2023-12-310001069258us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2023-12-310001069258us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2024-01-012024-03-310001069258us-gaap:CommonStockMember2024-01-012024-03-310001069258us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2024-01-012024-03-310001069258us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2024-01-012024-03-310001069258us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2024-03-310001069258us-gaap:CommonStockMember2024-03-310001069258us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2024-03-310001069258us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2024-03-310001069258us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2024-03-310001069258ktos:KTTCORELLCMember2024-03-31xbrli:pure0001069258ktos:SierraTechnicalServicesIncMember2023-10-0300010692582024-04-012024-03-3100010692582024-12-302024-03-310001069258ktos:TerminationForConvenienceMemberus-gaap:BilledRevenuesMember2024-03-310001069258ktos:TerminationForConvenienceMemberus-gaap:UnbilledRevenuesMember2024-03-310001069258us-gaap:FixedPriceContractMemberktos:KratosGovernmentSolutionsMember2024-01-012024-03-310001069258us-gaap:FixedPriceContractMemberktos:KratosGovernmentSolutionsMember2022-12-262023-03-260001069258ktos:CostPlusFeeContractMemberktos:KratosGovernmentSolutionsMember2024-01-012024-03-310001069258ktos:CostPlusFeeContractMemberktos:KratosGovernmentSolutionsMember2022-12-262023-03-260001069258us-gaap:TimeAndMaterialsContractMemberktos:KratosGovernmentSolutionsMember2024-01-012024-03-310001069258us-gaap:TimeAndMaterialsContractMemberktos:KratosGovernmentSolutionsMember2022-12-262023-03-260001069258ktos:KratosGovernmentSolutionsMember2024-01-012024-03-310001069258ktos:KratosGovernmentSolutionsMember2022-12-262023-03-260001069258ktos:KratosUnmannedSystemsMemberus-gaap:FixedPriceContractMember2024-01-012024-03-310001069258ktos:KratosUnmannedSystemsMemberus-gaap:FixedPriceContractMember2022-12-262023-03-260001069258ktos:CostPlusFeeContractMemberktos:KratosUnmannedSystemsMember2024-01-012024-03-310001069258ktos:CostPlusFeeContractMemberktos:KratosUnmannedSystemsMember2022-12-262023-03-260001069258us-gaap:TimeAndMaterialsContractMemberktos:KratosUnmannedSystemsMember2024-01-012024-03-310001069258us-gaap:TimeAndMaterialsContractMemberktos:KratosUnmannedSystemsMember2022-12-262023-03-260001069258ktos:KratosUnmannedSystemsMember2024-01-012024-03-310001069258ktos:KratosUnmannedSystemsMember2022-12-262023-03-260001069258ktos:UnitedStatesGovernmentMemberktos:KratosGovernmentSolutionsMember2024-01-012024-03-310001069258ktos:UnitedStatesGovernmentMemberktos:KratosGovernmentSolutionsMember2022-12-262023-03-260001069258ktos:NonUSGovernmentMemberktos:KratosGovernmentSolutionsMember2024-01-012024-03-310001069258ktos:NonUSGovernmentMemberktos:KratosGovernmentSolutionsMember2022-12-262023-03-260001069258ktos:USCommercialMemberktos:KratosGovernmentSolutionsMember2024-01-012024-03-310001069258ktos:USCommercialMemberktos:KratosGovernmentSolutionsMember2022-12-262023-03-260001069258ktos:UnitedStatesGovernmentMemberktos:KratosUnmannedSystemsMember2024-01-012024-03-310001069258ktos:UnitedStatesGovernmentMemberktos:KratosUnmannedSystemsMember2022-12-262023-03-260001069258ktos:NonUSGovernmentMemberktos:KratosUnmannedSystemsMember2024-01-012024-03-310001069258ktos:NonUSGovernmentMemberktos:KratosUnmannedSystemsMember2022-12-262023-03-260001069258ktos:USCommercialMemberktos:KratosUnmannedSystemsMember2024-01-012024-03-310001069258ktos:USCommercialMemberktos:KratosUnmannedSystemsMember2022-12-262023-03-260001069258ktos:KratosGovernmentSolutionsMember2024-03-310001069258ktos:KratosUnmannedSystemsMember2024-03-310001069258ktos:KratosGovernmentSolutionsMember2023-12-310001069258ktos:KratosUnmannedSystemsMember2023-12-310001069258us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember2024-03-310001069258us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember2023-12-310001069258ktos:ContractsAndBacklogMember2024-03-310001069258ktos:ContractsAndBacklogMember2023-12-310001069258us-gaap:DevelopedTechnologyRightsMember2024-03-310001069258us-gaap:DevelopedTechnologyRightsMember2023-12-310001069258us-gaap:TradeNamesMember2024-03-310001069258us-gaap:TradeNamesMember2023-12-310001069258us-gaap:InProcessResearchAndDevelopmentMember2024-03-310001069258us-gaap:InProcessResearchAndDevelopmentMember2023-12-310001069258us-gaap:TradeNamesMember2024-03-310001069258us-gaap:TradeNamesMember2023-12-310001069258ktos:StockOptionsAndStockAwardsMember2024-01-012024-03-310001069258ktos:StockOptionsAndStockAwardsMember2022-12-262023-03-260001069258us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember2022-02-180001069258us-gaap:SeniorNotesMemberktos:SixPointFivePercentSeniorSecuredNotesDue2025Member2022-02-180001069258us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberktos:NewRevolvingCreditFacilityMember2022-02-182022-02-180001069258us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberktos:NewRevolvingCreditFacilityMember2022-02-180001069258ktos:TermLoanAMemberus-gaap:SecuredDebtMember2022-02-182022-02-180001069258ktos:TermLoanAMemberus-gaap:SecuredDebtMember2022-02-180001069258us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberktos:TermLoanPaymentOnJune302022Member2024-01-012024-03-310001069258us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberktos:NewRevolvingCreditFacilityMember2024-03-310001069258us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberktos:NewCreditFacilityMember2022-02-182022-02-180001069258us-gaap:SeniorNotesMemberktos:SixPointFivePercentSeniorSecuredNotesDue2025Member2022-03-142022-03-140001069258us-gaap:SeniorNotesMemberktos:SixPointFivePercentSeniorSecuredNotesDue2025Member2022-03-140001069258ktos:SwingLineLoanMemberktos:NewRevolvingCreditFacilityMember2022-02-180001069258us-gaap:LetterOfCreditMember2022-02-180001069258us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember2022-02-182022-02-180001069258us-gaap:SecuredOvernightFinancingRateSofrOvernightIndexSwapRateMember2022-02-182022-02-180001069258us-gaap:SecuredOvernightFinancingRateSofrOvernightIndexSwapRateMembersrt:MinimumMember2022-02-182022-02-180001069258srt:MaximumMemberus-gaap:SecuredOvernightFinancingRateSofrOvernightIndexSwapRateMember2022-02-182022-02-180001069258us-gaap:BaseRateMembersrt:MinimumMember2022-02-182022-02-180001069258srt:MaximumMemberus-gaap:BaseRateMember2022-02-182022-02-180001069258ktos:FirstAndSecondYearMemberktos:TermLoanAMemberus-gaap:SecuredDebtMember2022-02-182022-02-180001069258ktos:TermLoanAMemberktos:ThirdFourthAndFifthYearMemberus-gaap:SecuredDebtMember2022-02-182022-02-180001069258us-gaap:InterestRateSwapMemberktos:TermLoanAMember2023-04-280001069258us-gaap:InterestRateSwapMember2023-04-280001069258us-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberus-gaap:SecuredDebtMember2024-03-310001069258us-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberus-gaap:SecuredDebtMember2023-12-310001069258us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMember2024-03-310001069258us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMember2023-12-310001069258us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember2024-03-310001069258us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember2023-12-310001069258us-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberus-gaap:SecuredDebtMember2024-03-31ktos:segment0001069258us-gaap:ServiceMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberktos:KratosGovernmentSolutionsMember2024-01-012024-03-310001069258us-gaap:ServiceMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberktos:KratosGovernmentSolutionsMember2022-12-262023-03-260001069258us-gaap:ProductMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberktos:KratosGovernmentSolutionsMember2024-01-012024-03-310001069258us-gaap:ProductMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberktos:KratosGovernmentSolutionsMember2022-12-262023-03-260001069258us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberktos:KratosGovernmentSolutionsMember2024-01-012024-03-310001069258us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberktos:KratosGovernmentSolutionsMember2022-12-262023-03-260001069258us-gaap:ServiceMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberktos:KratosUnmannedSystemsMember2024-01-012024-03-310001069258us-gaap:ServiceMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberktos:KratosUnmannedSystemsMember2022-12-262023-03-260001069258us-gaap:ProductMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberktos:KratosUnmannedSystemsMember2024-01-012024-03-310001069258us-gaap:ProductMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberktos:KratosUnmannedSystemsMember2022-12-262023-03-260001069258us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberktos:KratosUnmannedSystemsMember2024-01-012024-03-310001069258us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberktos:KratosUnmannedSystemsMember2022-12-262023-03-260001069258us-gaap:CorporateNonSegmentMember2024-01-012024-03-310001069258us-gaap:CorporateNonSegmentMember2022-12-262023-03-260001069258ktos:FloridaTurbineTechnologiesInc.Member2019-02-270001069258ktos:KTTCORELLCMember2019-02-270001069258ktos:KTTCORELLCMember2019-02-272019-02-270001069258ktos:KTTCORELLCMember2022-06-130001069258ktos:FloridaTurbineTechnologiesInc.Member2022-06-132022-06-130001069258ktos:KTTCORELLCMember2022-06-132022-06-130001069258us-gaap:CommonStockMemberktos:KTTCORELLCMember2022-06-132022-06-130001069258ktos:KTTCORELLCMemberktos:KTTCORELLCMember2022-06-130001069258us-gaap:CommonStockMemberktos:KTTCORELLCMemberktos:KTTCORELLCMember2023-04-072023-04-070001069258ktos:KTTCORELLCMemberktos:KTTCORELLCMember2023-04-072023-04-0700010692582022-12-262023-12-310001069258ktos:EquityPurchaseAgreementMember2024-03-222024-03-220001069258ktos:EquityPurchaseAgreementMember2024-03-220001069258ktos:EquityPurchaseAgreementMemberus-gaap:CommonStockMember2024-03-2200010692582024-02-272024-02-2700010692582024-02-270001069258us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember2024-01-012024-03-310001069258ktos:UnitedStatesGovernmentMember2024-01-012024-03-310001069258ktos:UnitedStatesGovernmentMember2022-12-262023-03-260001069258ktos:UnitedStatesGovernmentMemberus-gaap:GovernmentContractsConcentrationRiskMemberus-gaap:SalesRevenueNetMember2024-01-012024-03-310001069258ktos:UnitedStatesGovernmentMemberus-gaap:GovernmentContractsConcentrationRiskMemberus-gaap:SalesRevenueNetMember2022-12-262023-03-260001069258us-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMemberus-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMember2024-03-310001069258us-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMemberus-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMember2024-01-012024-03-310001069258us-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMemberus-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMember2023-12-310001069258us-gaap:InterestRateSwapMemberus-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMember2023-04-280001069258us-gaap:InterestRateSwapMemberus-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMemberus-gaap:SecuredOvernightFinancingRateSofrOvernightIndexSwapRateMember2023-04-282023-04-280001069258us-gaap:InterestRateSwapMemberus-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMember2024-01-012024-03-310001069258us-gaap:InterestRateSwapMemberus-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMember2024-03-310001069258us-gaap:InterestRateSwapMemberus-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMember2023-12-310001069258ktos:ScottAndersonMember2024-01-012024-03-310001069258ktos:ScottAndersonMember2024-03-31

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
 
      QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the Quarterly Period Ended March 31, 2024
or 
        TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from __________ to __________ 
Commission file number 001-34460
 
KRATOS DEFENSE & SECURITY SOLUTIONS, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware13-3818604
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

1 Chisholm Trail, Suite 300
Round Rock, TX
(Address of principal executive offices)

78681

(Zip Code)

(512238-9840
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.001 par valueKTOSThe NASDAQ Global Select Market
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.   Yes ý  No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).   Yes ý  No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
ý
Accelerated filer
 
Non-accelerated filer
Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).   Yes   No 
As of May 3, 2024, 150,098,184 shares of the registrant’s common stock were outstanding.



KRATOS DEFENSE & SECURITY SOLUTIONS, INC.
 
FORM 10-Q
 
FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED MARCH 31, 2024
 
INDEX
  Page
  
   
  
 
  
 
 
 
  
  
  
  
 
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
2


PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1.  Financial Statements.
KRATOS DEFENSE & SECURITY SOLUTIONS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
 (in millions, except par value and number of shares)
 March 31, 2024
(Unaudited)December 31, 2023
Assets  
Current assets:  
Cash and cash equivalents$338.9 $72.8 
Accounts receivable, net116.9 128.8 
Unbilled receivables, net208.9 200.4 
Inventoried costs159.8 156.2 
Prepaid expenses26.8 16.0 
Other current assets20.4 20.0 
Total current assets871.7 594.2 
Property, plant and equipment, net251.3 243.6 
Operating lease right-of-use assets42.9 45.7 
Goodwill568.9 569.1 
Intangible assets, net60.2 62.4 
Other assets119.6 117.5 
Total assets$1,914.6 $1,632.5 
Liabilities and Stockholders Equity
  
Current liabilities:  
Accounts payable$61.9 $63.1 
Accrued expenses36.0 35.4 
Accrued compensation61.1 64.7 
Accrued interest1.4 1.7 
Billings in excess of costs and earnings on uncompleted contracts97.5 101.8 
Current portion of operating lease liabilities11.6 12.1 
Other current liabilities18.7 13.7 
Total current liabilities288.2 292.5 
Long-term debt, net of current portion179.4 219.3 
Operating lease liabilities, net of current portion35.3 37.8 
Other long-term liabilities83.1 84.4 
Total liabilities586.0 634.0 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 14)
Redeemable noncontrolling interest22.5 22.5 
Stockholders equity:
  
Preferred stock, $0.001 par value, 5,000,000 shares authorized, 0 shares outstanding at March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023
  
Common stock, $0.001 par value, 195,000,000 shares authorized; 150,020,266 and 129,286,964 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, respectively
0.2  
Additional paid-in capital1,982.7 1,654.5 
Accumulated other comprehensive income
2.1 1.7 
Accumulated deficit(678.9)(680.2)
Total stockholders equity
1,306.1 976.0 
Total liabilities and stockholders equity
$1,914.6 $1,632.5 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.
3


KRATOS DEFENSE & SECURITY SOLUTIONS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(in millions, except per share amounts)
 (Unaudited)
 Three Months Ended
 March 31, 2024March 26, 2023
Service revenues$106.5 $91.6 
Product sales170.7 140.2 
Total revenues277.2 231.8 
Cost of service revenues79.2 68.2 
Cost of product sales127.0 104.2 
Total costs206.2 172.4 
Gross profit71.0 59.4 
Selling, general and administrative expenses54.4 47.8 
Research and development expenses9.6 10.2 
Restructuring expenses and other 0.9 
Operating income
7.0 0.5 
Other expense:  
Interest expense, net(2.8)(5.3)
Other expense, net
(0.2)(0.3)
Total other expense, net(3.0)(5.6)
Income (loss) before income taxes
4.0 (5.1)
Provision for income taxes
2.7 0.7 
Net income (loss) from consolidated operations1.3 (5.8)
Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest 1.2 
Net income (loss) attributable to Kratos$1.3 $(7.0)

  
Basic income (loss) per common share attributable to Kratos
$0.01 $(0.05)
Diluted income (loss) per common share attributable to Kratos
$0.01 $(0.05)
Weighted average common shares outstanding:
Basic
139.6 128.1 
Diluted141.5 128.1 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

4


KRATOS DEFENSE & SECURITY SOLUTIONS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
(in millions)
 (Unaudited)

Three Months Ended
March 31, 2024March 26, 2023
Net income (loss) from consolidated operations
$1.3 $(5.8)
Change in unrealized cash flow hedge (net of taxes of $0.4 million for the three month period ended March 31, 2024)
1.3  
Change in cumulative translation adjustment(0.9)0.3 
Comprehensive income (loss) from consolidated operations
1.7 (5.5)
Less: Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interest 1.2 
Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to Kratos
$1.7 $(6.7)

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.
5


KRATOS DEFENSE & SECURITY SOLUTIONS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
For the three months ended March 31, 2024 and March 26, 2023
(in millions)
(Unaudited)
Redeemable Noncontrolling InterestCommon StockAdditional Paid-In Capital
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
Accumulated DeficitTotal Stockholders’ Equity
SharesAmounts
Balance, December 25, 2022$11.2 126.0 $ $1,608.4 $(0.8)$(671.3)$936.3 
Stock-based compensation— — — 6.6 — — 6.6 
Issuance of common stock for employee stock purchase plan and stock options— 0.3 — 2.9 — — 2.9 
Restricted stock issued and related taxes
— 0.4 — (2.6)— — (2.6)
Net income (loss)
1.2 — — — — (7.0)(7.0)
Other comprehensive income, net of tax
— — — — 0.3 — 0.3 
Changes in noncontrolling interest— — — (5.3)— — (5.3)
Balance, March 26, 2023$12.4 126.7 $ $1,610.0 $(0.5)$(678.3)$931.2 

Redeemable Noncontrolling InterestCommon StockAdditional Paid-In Capital
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income
Accumulated DeficitTotal Stockholders’ Equity
SharesAmounts
Balance, December 31, 2023$22.5 129.3 $ $1,654.5 $1.7 $(680.2)$976.0 
Stock-based compensation— — — 9.2 — — 9.2 
Issuance of common stock for employee stock purchase plan and stock options— 0.3 — 3.6 — — 3.6 
Restricted stock issued and related taxes
— 1.2 — (15.1)— — (15.1)
Issuance of common stock for equity raise
— 19.2 0.2 330.5 — — 330.7 
Gain on interest rate swap contract
— — — — 1.3 — 1.3 
Net income
— — — — — 1.3 1.3 
Other comprehensive loss, net of tax
— — — — (0.9)— (0.9)
Balance, March 31, 2024$22.5 150.0 $0.2 $1,982.7 $2.1 $(678.9)$1,306.1 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.








6


KRATOS DEFENSE & SECURITY SOLUTIONS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(in millions)
(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended
March 31, 2024March 26, 2023
Operating activities: 
Net income (loss) from consolidated operations
$1.3 $(5.8)
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) from consolidated operations to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:
  
Depreciation and amortization9.3 7.9 
Amortization of lease right-of-use assets3.0 2.7 
Stock-based compensation9.2 6.6 
Amortization of deferred financing costs0.2 0.2 
Provision for doubtful accounts 0.9 
Changes in assets and liabilities:
  
Accounts receivable12.0 (39.1)
Unbilled receivables(8.5)13.1 
Inventoried costs(3.5)(8.3)
Prepaid expenses and other assets(13.2)(7.8)
Operating lease liabilities(3.1)(2.4)
Accounts payable(0.3)(1.8)
Accrued expenses0.6 2.0 
Accrued compensation(3.7)4.0 
Accrued interest(0.3) 
Billings in excess of costs and earnings on uncompleted contracts(4.3)3.2 
Income tax receivable and payable1.5 (0.5)
Other liabilities0.5 (0.6)
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities
0.7 (25.7)
Investing activities:  
Capital expenditures(16.6)(7.7)
Net cash used in investing activities
(16.6)(7.7)
Financing activities: 
Proceeds from the issuance of common stock, net of issuance costs330.7  
Borrowing under credit facility10.0 15.0 
Repayment under credit facility and term loan(46.3)(16.3)
Payments under finance leases(0.3)(0.4)
Payments of employee taxes withheld from share-based awards(15.1)(2.6)
Proceeds from shares issued under equity plans3.6 2.9 
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
282.6 (1.4)
Net cash provided (used)
266.7 (34.8)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
(0.6)0.2 
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
266.1 (34.6)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
72.8 81.3 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$338.9 $46.7 
Significant non-cash investing and financing activities:
Financing lease obligation incurred$0.4 $ 
Capital expenditures included in accounts payable and accrued expenses
2.42.1

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.
7


KRATOS DEFENSE & SECURITY SOLUTIONS, INC.
 
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
(Unaudited)
 
Note 1. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
 
All references to the “Company” and “Kratos” refer to Kratos Defense & Security Solutions, Inc., a Delaware corporation, and its subsidiaries.
 
(a)    Basis of Presentation

 The information as of March 31, 2024 and for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and March 26, 2023 is unaudited. The condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2023 was derived from the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements at that date. In the opinion of management, these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring adjustments, necessary for a fair presentation of the Company’s financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the interim periods presented. The results have been prepared in accordance with the instructions to Form 10-Q and do not necessarily include all information and footnotes necessary for presentation in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S. (“GAAP”). These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and the related notes included in the Company’s audited annual consolidated financial statements for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2023, included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) on February 13, 2024 (the “Form 10-K”). Interim operating results are not necessarily indicative of operating results expected in subsequent periods or for the year as a whole.

Certain prior year items have been reclassified to be consistent with current year presentation.

(b)    Principles of Consolidation
 
The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company, its 100% owned subsidiaries and its majority owned subsidiary, KTT CORE, Inc., a Delaware corporation formerly known as KTT CORE, LLC (“KTT Core”), which is 90.05% owned by the Company. All inter-company transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. Noncontrolling interest consists of the remaining 9.95% interest in KTT Core. See Note 11 for further information related to the redeemable noncontrolling interest.
 
(c)    Fiscal Year
 
The Company has a 52/53 week fiscal year ending on the last Sunday of the calendar year. The three month periods ended March 31, 2024 and March 26, 2023 consisted of 13-week periods. There are 52 calendar weeks in the fiscal year ending on December 29, 2024 and 53 calendar weeks in the fiscal year ending December 31, 2023.
 
(d)    Use of Estimates

There have been no significant changes in the Company’s accounting estimates for the three months ended March 31, 2024 as compared to the accounting estimates described in the Form 10-K.

(e)    Fair Value of Financial Instruments
 
The Company uses forward exchange contracts to manage foreign currency risks associated with certain transactions, specifically forecasted materials and salaries paid in foreign currencies. The Company also has entered into an interest rate swap contract in order to mitigate the exposure to interest rate movements associated with the Company’s Term Loan A. These derivative instruments are measured at fair value using observable market inputs such as interest rates. Based on these inputs, the derivative instruments are classified within Level 2 of the valuation hierarchy. At March 31, 2024, the derivative instruments were included in other current assets, other current liabilities and other assets on the Company's condensed consolidated balance sheets.

The carrying amounts and the related fair values of the Company’s derivative instruments measured at fair value on a recurring basis at March 31, 2024, are presented in Note 15.
8



The carrying value of all financial instruments, including cash equivalents, accounts receivable, unbilled receivables, accounts payable, accrued expenses, billings in excess of cost and earnings on uncompleted contracts, income taxes payable and long and short-term debt, approximated their estimated fair values at March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023 due to the short-term nature of these instruments.

(f)     Recent Accounting Pronouncements

In November 2023, the FASB issued ASU 2023-07, Segment Reporting (Topic 280): Improvements to Reportable Segment Disclosures, which expands reportable segment disclosure requirements by requiring disclosures of significant reportable segment expenses that are regularly provided to the Chief Operating Decision Maker (“CODM”) and included within each reported measure of a segment's profit or loss. ASU 2023-07 also requires all segment profit or loss and assets disclosures to be provided on an annual and interim basis. ASU 2023-07 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2023, and interim periods within fiscal years beginning one year later. The amendments must be applied retrospectively to all prior periods presented. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the adoption of ASU 2023-07 on its consolidated financial statements; however, the standard is not expected to have an impact on the Company’s consolidated financial position, results of operations and/or cash flows.

In December 2023, the FASB issued ASU 2023-09, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Improvements to Income Tax Disclosures, which requires companies to disclose, on an annual basis, specific categories in the effective tax rate reconciliation and provide additional information for reconciling items that meet a quantitative threshold. In addition, ASU 2023-09 requires companies to disclose additional information about income taxes paid. ASU 2023-09 will be effective for annual periods beginning January 1, 2025 and will be applied on a prospective basis with the option to apply the standard retrospectively. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the adoption of ASU 2023-09; however, the standard is not expected to have an impact on the Company’s consolidated financial position, results of operations and/or cash flows.

Note 2. Acquisitions

Sierra Technical Services, Inc.

On October 3, 2023, the Company entered into an agreement to acquire all of the outstanding equity securities of aerial target drone designer Sierra Technical Services, Inc. (“STS”) pursuant to which the Company (i) issued 866,026 shares of Kratos common stock valued at $12.8 million on October 3, 2023 and (ii) agreed to issue up to an additional 979,038 shares of Kratos common stock valued at $14.5 million pursuant to certain holdback and earn-out provisions, in each case, to the former stockholders of STS. The Company recorded net assets of $12.6 million and goodwill of $10.7 million related to the STS acquisition. Significant assets of STS acquired by the Company included accounts receivable of $11.0 million, and identified intangibles (contracts and backlog) of $14.0 million. Significant liabilities of STS assumed by the Company included deferred revenue of $11.4 million. The allocation of the total consideration for the STS acquisition to the tangible and identifiable intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed is preliminary until the Company obtains final information regarding their fair values. However, the Company does not expect any adjustment to such allocations to be material to the Company's condensed consolidated financial statements. The operating results of the STS acquisition have been included in the Company’s results of operations from the effective date of the acquisition. The amount of net sales and earnings of STS included in the condensed consolidated statement of operations for the year ended December 31, 2023 are not material. Had the acquisition occurred as of December 26, 2022, net sales, net income from consolidated operations, net income attributable to Kratos, and basic and diluted net income per share attributable to Kratos on a pro forma basis for the year ended December 31, 2023 would not have been materially different than the reported amounts. STS is included in the US segment.

Note 3. Revenue Recognition

The Company has adopted the FASB ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, and the related amendments, which are codified into Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 606 (“ASC 606”). To determine revenue recognition for arrangements that the Company determines are within the scope of ASC 606, the Company performs the following five steps: (i) identify the contract(s) with a customer; (ii) identify the performance obligations in each contract; (iii) determine the transaction price; (iv) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract; and (v) recognize revenue when (or as) the entity satisfies a performance obligation. Once the contract is identified and determined to be within the scope of ASC 606, the Company assesses the goods or services promised within each contract, determines those that are performance obligations, and assesses whether each promised good or service is distinct. The Company then recognizes as revenue the amount of the transaction price that is allocated to the respective performance obligation when (or as) the performance obligation is satisfied.
9



A performance obligation is a promise in a contract to transfer a distinct good or service to the customer and is the unit of account in ASC 606. The majority of the Company’s contracts have a single performance obligation as the promise to transfer the individual goods or services is not separately identifiable from other promises in the contracts and, therefore, not distinct. For contracts with multiple performance obligations, the Company allocates the contract’s transaction price to each performance obligation based on the relative standalone selling price of each distinct good or service in the contract. The primary method used to estimate standalone selling price is the expected-cost-plus-margin approach, under which the Company forecasts the expected costs of satisfying a performance obligation and then adds an appropriate margin for that distinct good or service.

For the majority of contracts, the Company satisfies the underlying performance obligations over time as the customer obtains control or receives benefits as work is performed on the contract. The Company generally recognizes revenue over time as work is performed on long-term contracts because of the continuous transfer of control to the customer. For U.S. government contracts, this continuous transfer of control to the customer is supported by clauses in the contract that allow the customer to unilaterally terminate the contract for convenience, pay for costs incurred plus a reasonable profit and take control of any work in process. Similarly, for non-U.S. government contracts, the customer typically controls the work in process as evidenced either by contractual termination clauses or by our rights to payment of the transaction price associated with work performed to date on products or services that do not have an alternative use to the Company. As a result, under ASC 606, revenue is recognized over time using the cost-to-cost method (cost incurred relative to total estimated cost at completion).

Remaining Performance Obligations

The Company calculates revenues from remaining performance obligations as the dollar value of the remaining performance obligations on executed contracts. On March 31, 2024, the Company had approximately $1,272.8 million of remaining performance obligations. The Company expects to recognize approximately 52% of the remaining performance obligations as revenue in fiscal year 2024, an additional 27% in fiscal year 2025, and the balance thereafter.

Contract Estimates

Due to the nature of the work required to be performed on many performance obligations, the estimation of total revenue and cost at completion is complex, subject to many variables, and requires significant judgment. On a quarterly basis, the Company conducts its contract cost Estimate at Completion (“EAC”) process by reviewing the progress and execution of outstanding performance obligations within its contracts. As part of this process, management reviews information including, but not limited to, any outstanding key contract matters, progress towards completion and the related program schedule, identified risks and opportunities and the related changes in estimates of revenues and costs. The risks and opportunities include management’s judgment about the ability and cost to achieve the schedule (e.g., the number and type of milestone events), technical requirements (e.g., a newly-developed product versus a mature product) and other contract requirements. Management must make assumptions and estimates regarding labor productivity and availability, the complexity of the work to be performed, the availability of materials, the length of time to complete the performance obligation (e.g., to estimate increases in wages and prices for materials and related support cost allocations), execution by subcontractors, the availability and timing of funding from customers and overhead cost rates, among other variables.

In addition, certain of the Company’s long-term contracts contain award fees, incentive fees, or other provisions that can either increase or decrease the transaction price. These variable amounts generally are awarded upon achievement of certain performance metrics, program milestones, or cost targets and can be based upon customer discretion. Variable consideration is estimated at the most likely amount to which the Company is expected to be entitled. Estimated amounts are included in the transaction price to the extent it is probable that a significant reversal of cumulative revenue recognized will not occur when the uncertainty associated with the variable consideration is resolved. Estimates of variable consideration and determination of whether to include estimated amounts in the transaction price are based largely on an assessment of the Company’s anticipated performance and all information (historical, current, and forecasted) that is reasonably available.

Contracts are often modified to account for changes in contract specifications and requirements. Contract modifications are considered to exist when the modification either creates new or changes the existing enforceable rights and obligations. Most of the Company’s contract modifications are for goods or services that are not distinct from the existing contract due to the significant integration service provided in the context of the contract and are accounted for as if they were part of that existing contract. The effect of a contract modification on the transaction price, and the measure of progress for the performance obligation to which it relates, is recognized as an adjustment to revenue (either as an increase in or a reduction of revenue) on a cumulative catch-up basis.

10


As a result of the EAC process, any quarterly adjustments to revenues, cost of sales, and the related impact to operating income are recognized as necessary in the period they become known. These adjustments may result from positive program performance, and may result in an increase in operating income during the performance of individual performance obligations, if it is determined the Company will be successful in mitigating the risks surrounding the technical, schedule and cost aspects of those performance obligations or realizing related opportunities. Likewise, these adjustments may result in a decrease in operating income if it is determined the Company will not be successful in mitigating these risks or realizing related opportunities. Changes in estimates of net sales, cost of sales, and the related impact to operating income are recognized quarterly on a cumulative catch-up basis, which recognizes in the current period the cumulative effect of the changes on current and prior periods. A significant change in one or more of these estimates could affect the profitability of one or more of the Company’s contracts. When estimates of total costs to be incurred on a performance obligation exceed total estimates of revenue to be earned, a provision for the entire loss on the performance obligation is recognized in the period the loss is determined. No cumulative catch-up adjustment on any one contract was material to the Company’s unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2024, and March 26, 2023. Likewise, total cumulative catch-up adjustments were not material for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2024, and March 26, 2023.

Contract Assets and Liabilities

For each of the Company’s contracts, the timing of revenue recognition, customer billings, and cash collections results in a net contract asset or liability at the end of each reporting period. Fixed-price contracts are typically billed to the customer either using progress payments, whereby amounts are billed monthly as costs are incurred or work is completed, or performance based payments, which are based upon the achievement of specific, measurable events or accomplishments defined and valued at contract inception. Cost-type contracts are typically billed to the customer on a monthly or semi-monthly basis.

Contract assets consist of unbilled receivables, primarily related to long-term contracts where revenue recognized under the cost-to-cost method exceeds amounts billed to customers. Unbilled receivables are classified as current assets and, in accordance with industry practice, include amounts that may be billed and collected beyond one year due to the long-term nature of many of the Company’s contracts. Accumulated contract costs in unbilled receivables include direct production costs, factory and engineering overhead, production tooling costs, and, for government contracts, recovery of allowable general and administrative expenses. Unbilled receivables also include certain estimates of variable consideration described above. The Company’s contracts that give rise to contract assets are not considered to include a significant financing component as the payment terms are intended to protect the customer in the event the Company does not perform on its obligations under the contract.

Contract liabilities include advance payments and billings in excess of revenue recognized. Certain customers make advance payments prior to the satisfaction of the Company’s performance obligations on the contract. These amounts are recorded as contract liabilities until such performance obligations are satisfied, either over time as costs are incurred or at a point in time when deliveries are made. The Company’s contracts that give rise to contract liabilities do not include a significant financing component as the underlying advance payments received are generally utilized to pay for contract costs within a one-year period or are used to ensure the customer meets contractual requirements.

Net contract assets and liabilities are as follows (in millions):
March 31, 2024December 31, 2023Net Change
Contract assets$208.9 $200.4 $8.5 
Contract liabilities$97.5 $101.8 $(4.3)
Net contract assets$111.4 $98.6 $12.8 

Contract assets increased $8.5 million during the three months ended March 31, 2024, primarily due to higher unbilled receivables, net during the three months ended March 31, 2024. There were no significant impairment losses related to any receivables or contract assets arising from the Company’s contracts with customers during the three months ended March 31, 2024. Contract liabilities decreased $4.3 million during the three months ended March 31, 2024, primarily due to revenue recognized in excess of payments received on these performance obligations. For the three months ended March 31, 2024, the Company recognized revenue of $43.4 million that was previously included in the contract liabilities that existed at December 31, 2023. For the three months ended March 26, 2023 the Company recognized revenue of $21.2 million that was previously included in the contract liabilities that existed at December 25, 2022.

At March 31, 2024, approximately $3.3 million in billed receivables and $1.5 million in unbilled receivables remained outstanding related to a training solutions program that was terminated for convenience (“T for C”) by the customer in 2019.
11


These amounts are subject to negotiation and settlement with the customer, which negotiations are currently expected to commence in the second quarter of 2024.

Disaggregation of Revenue

The following series of tables presents the Company’s revenue disaggregated by several categories. For the majority of contracts, revenue is recognized over time as work is performed on the contract. Revenue by contract type was as follows (in millions):
Three Months Ended
March 31, 2024March 26, 2023
Kratos Government Solutions
Fixed price$145.7 $127.0 
Cost plus fee58.6 45.7 
Time and materials13.5 11.1 
Total Kratos Government Solutions217.8 183.8 
Unmanned Systems
Fixed price43.9 36.9 
Cost plus fee13.5 8.1 
Time and materials2.0 3.0 
Total Unmanned Systems59.4 48.0 
Total Revenues$277.2 $231.8 

Revenue by customer was as follows (in millions):
Three Months Ended
March 31, 2024March 26, 2023
Kratos Government Solutions
U.S. Government (1)
$135.1 $114.5 
International (2)
50.7 45.0 
U.S. Commercial and other customers32.0 24.3 
Total Kratos Government Solutions217.8 183.8 
Unmanned Systems
U.S. Government (1)
55.8 45.8 
International (2)
2.4 1.9 
U.S. Commercial and other customers1.2 0.3 
Total Unmanned Systems59.4 48.0 
Total Revenues$277.2 $231.8 
(1) Sales to the U.S. Government include sales from contracts for which the Company is the prime contractor, as well as those for which the
Company is a subcontractor and the ultimate customer is the U.S. Government. Each of the Company’s segments derives substantial revenue
from the U.S. Government. These sales include foreign military sales contracted through the U.S. Government.

(2) International sales include sales from contracts for which the Company is the prime contractor, as well as those for which the Company is a
subcontractor and the ultimate customer is an international customer. These sales include direct sales with governments outside the U.S. and
commercial sales with customers outside the U.S.

12


Note 4. Goodwill and Intangible Assets
 
(a)    Goodwill
 
    The carrying amounts of goodwill as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023 by reportable segment are as follows (in millions):
As of March 31, 2024
KGSUSTotal
Gross value$683.6 $138.6 $822.2 
Less accumulated impairment239.5 13.8 253.3 
Net$444.1 $124.8 $568.9 

As of December 31, 2023
KGSUSTotal
Gross value$683.6 $138.8 822.4 
Less accumulated impairment239.5 13.8 253.3 
Net$444.1 $125.0 $569.1 

(b)    Purchased Intangible Assets
 
The following table sets forth information for finite-lived and indefinite-lived intangible assets (in millions): 
 As of March 31, 2024As of December 31, 2023
 Gross
Value
Accumulated
Amortization
Net
Value
Gross
Value
Accumulated
Amortization
Net
Value
Acquired finite-lived intangible assets:    
Customer relationships$80.9 $(63.4)$17.5 $80.9 $(62.8)$18.1 
Contracts and backlog53.1 (39.9)13.2 53.1 (38.8)14.3 
Developed technology and technical know-how33.7 (28.5)5.2 33.7 (28.2)5.5 
Trade names3.8 (2.8)1.0 3.8 (2.7)1.1 
In-process research and development16.8 (0.4)16.4 16.8 (0.3)16.5 
Total finite-lived intangible assets188.3 (135.0)53.3 188.3 (132.8)55.5 
Indefinite-lived trade names6.9 — 6.9 6.9 — 6.9 
Total intangible assets$195.2 $(135.0)$60.2 $195.2 $(132.8)$62.4 

Consolidated amortization expense related to intangible assets subject to amortization was $2.1 million and $1.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and March 26, 2023, respectively.

The estimated future amortization expense of acquired intangible assets with finite lives as of March 31, 2024 is as follows (in millions):
Amount
2024$7.1 
20259.7 
20269.1 
20277.3 
20284.5 
Thereafter15.6 
Total$53.3 

13


Note 5. Inventoried Costs
 
Inventoried costs, consisted of the following components (in millions):
 
 March 31, 2024December 31, 2023
Raw materials$79.0 $78.0 
Work in process77.4 72.9 
Finished goods3.4 5.3 
Total inventoried costs$159.8 $156.2 
 
Note 6. Net Income (Loss) per Common Share
 
The Company calculates net income (loss) per share in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 260, Earnings per Share (“Topic 260”). Under Topic 260, basic net income (loss) per common share attributable to the Kratos shareholders is calculated by dividing net income (loss) attributable to Kratos by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the reporting period. Diluted net income (loss) per common share reflects the effects of potentially dilutive securities.

Diluted net income per share for the three months ended March 31, 2024 include the dilutive effect of an aggregate of 1.9 million shares of the Company’s common stock granted to employees under stock-based compensation plans. Diluted net loss per share for the three months ended March 26, 2023 exclude the dilutive effects of awards granted to employees under stock-based compensation plans of 1.6 million because their inclusion would have been anti-dilutive.
 
Note 7. Leases

The Company leases certain facilities, office space, vehicles and equipment. Lease assets and lease liabilities are recognized at the commencement of an arrangement where it is determined at inception that a lease exists. Lease assets represent the right to use an underlying asset for the lease term, and lease liabilities represent the obligation to make lease payments arising from the lease. These assets and liabilities are initially recognized based on the present value of lease payments over the lease term calculated using an incremental borrowing rate generally applicable to the location of the lease asset, unless the implicit rate is readily determinable. Lease assets also include any upfront lease payments made and exclude lease incentives. Lease terms include options to extend or terminate the lease when it is reasonably certain that those options will be exercised. The Company has operating lease arrangements with lease and non-lease components. The non-lease components in these arrangements are not significant when compared to the lease components. For all operating leases, the Company accounts for the lease and non-lease components as a single component.

Variable lease payments are generally expensed as incurred. Leases with an initial term of 12 months or less are not recorded on the balance sheet, and the expense for these short-term leases is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

The depreciable life of lease assets and leasehold improvements is limited by the expected lease term, unless there is a transfer of title or purchase option reasonably certain of exercise.

14


    The components of lease expense were as follows (in millions):
Three Months Ended
March 31, 2024March 26, 2023
Amortization of right of use assets - finance leases$0.8 $0.8 
Interest on lease liabilities - finance leases0.8 0.7 
Operating lease cost 3.5 3.3 
Short-term lease cost0.4 0.2 
Total lease cost
$5.5 $5.0 

The components of leases on the balance sheet were as follows (in millions):
March 31, 2024December 31, 2023
Operating leases:
Operating lease right-of-use assets
$42.9 $45.7 
Current portion of operating lease liabilities
$11.6 $12.1 
Operating lease liabilities, net of current portion
$35.3 $37.8 
Finance leases:
Property, plant and equipment, net
$44.7 $45.4 
Other current liabilities
$1.5 $1.3 
Other long-term liabilities
$50.8 $50.9 

Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities was as follows (in millions):
Three Months Ended
March 31, 2024March 26, 2023
Finance lease - cash paid for interest$0.8 $0.7 
Finance lease - financing cash flows$0.3 $0.4 
Operating lease - operating cash flows (fixed payments)$3.6 $3.0 

Other supplemental noncash information (in millions):
Three Months Ended
March 31, 2024March 26, 2023
Operating lease liabilities arising from obtaining right-of-use assets$0.2 $1.9 
Finance lease liabilities arising from obtaining right-of-use assets$0.4 $ 
March 31, 2024March 26, 2023
Weighted-average remaining lease term (in years):
Operating leases
4.434.94
Finance leases
14.5814.96
Weighted-average discount rate:
Operating leases
4.92 %4.88 %
Finance leases
6.35 %6.02 %

15


The maturity of lease liabilities is (in millions):
Operating LeasesFinance Leases
2024 (1)
$10.5 $3.5 
202512.0 4.8 
202610.3 5.1 
20279.5 5.2 
2028
6.3 5.3 
Thereafter3.4 58.0 
Total lease payments52.0 81.9 
Less: imputed interest(5.1)(29.6)
Total present value of lease liabilities$46.9 $52.3 
(1) Excludes the three months ended March 31, 2024.

Note 8. Income Taxes

A reconciliation of the total income tax provision to the amount computed by applying the statutory federal income tax rate of 21% to income (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and March 26, 2023 is as follows (in millions):
 For the Three Months Ended
 March 31,
2024
March 26,
2023
Income tax expense (benefit) at federal statutory rate
$0.8 $(1.1)
Nondeductible expenses and other2.6 1.6 
Stock compensation - excess tax shortfalls (windfalls)
(0.5)0.4 
Federal impact of research & development tax credits(0.2)(0.2)
Provision for income taxes
$2.7 $0.7 

The Company calculates its interim income tax provision in accordance with ASC Topic 270, “Interim Reporting,” and ASC Topic 740, “Accounting for Income Taxes.” Prior to 2022, the Company calculated the provision for income taxes during the interim reporting periods by applying an estimate of the annual effective tax rate for the full fiscal year to “ordinary” income or loss (pretax income or loss excluding unusual or infrequently occurring discrete items) for the reporting period. The Company determined that since small changes in estimated “ordinary” income would result in significant changes in the estimated annual effective tax rate, the historical method used prior to 2022 would not provide a reliable estimate for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and March 26, 2023. Therefore, a discrete effective tax rate method was used to calculate taxes for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and March 26, 2023.

As of March 31, 2024, the Company had $25.4 million of unrecognized tax benefits. Included in the balance of unrecognized tax benefits at March 31, 2024 are $22.8 million that, if recognized, would impact the Company’s effective income tax rate.

The Company recognizes interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits in its provision for income taxes. For the three months ended March 31, 2024 and March 26, 2023, the Company recorded an expense for interest and penalties of $0.1 million in each period. For the three months ended March 31, 2024 and March 26, 2023, there was no material benefit recorded related to the removal of interest and penalties. The Company believes that it is reasonably possible that as much as $0.1 million of the liabilities for uncertain tax positions will expire within the next twelve months due to the expiration of various applicable statutes of limitations.

On August 16, 2022, the Inflation Reduction Act of 2022 (“IRA”), was signed into law. Among other things, the IRA imposes a 15% corporate alternative minimum tax for tax years beginning after December 31, 2022, levies a 1% excise tax on net stock purchases after December 31, 2022, and provides tax incentives to promote clean energy. The IRA is not expected to have a material impact on our results of operations or financial position.

16


The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) has a framework to implement a global minimum corporate tax of 15% for companies with global revenues and profits above certain thresholds (referred to as Pillar 2), with certain aspects of Pillar 2 effective January 1, 2024 and other aspects effective January 1, 2025. While it is uncertain whether the U.S. will enact legislation to adopt Pillar 2, certain countries in which we operate have adopted legislation, and other countries are in the process of introducing legislation to implement Pillar 2. Pillar 2 had no impact on our first quarter 2024 effective tax rate and we do not currently expect Pillar 2 to have a material impact on our effective tax rate or our consolidated results of operation, financial position, and cash flows going forward.

Note 9. Debt
 
(a) 2022 Credit Facility

On February 18, 2022, the Company completed the refinancing of its then-outstanding $90 million revolving credit facility and $300 million 6.5% Senior Secured Notes (the “Senior Secured Notes”), with a new 5-year $200 million Revolving Credit Facility and 5-year $200 million Term Loan A (collectively, the “2022 Credit Facility”). The Company incurred debt issuance costs of $3.3 million associated with the 2022 Credit Facility. As of March 31, 2024, the Company has made an aggregate of $1.3 million in principal payments on Term Loan A during the first quarter of 2024, and has no amounts outstanding under the Revolving Credit Facility, with $200.0 million remaining in borrowing capacity, less approximately $10.3 million of letters of credit outstanding.

On February 18, 2022, the proceeds of $300 million from the 2022 Credit Facility, along with cash funded by the Company for the 3.25% call premium to redeem the Company’s then-outstanding Senior Secured Notes, plus accrued interest, was distributed to the trustee for redemption of the Senior Secured Notes. The redemption of the Company’s outstanding $300 million 6.5% Senior Secured Notes due November 2025 closed on March 14, 2022, for an amount of cash equal to 103.25% of the principal amount thereof plus accrued and unpaid interest thereon.

The 2022 Credit Facility is governed by a Credit Agreement (the “Credit Agreement”), which establishes the 5-year senior secured credit facility which is comprised of the $200 million Revolving Credit Facility (which includes sub-facilities for the incurrence of up to $10.0 million of swingline loans and the issuance of up to $50.0 million of Letters of Credit) and the $200 million Term Loan A. The Credit Agreement contemplates uncommitted incremental credit facilities of up to $200 million (which amount would be reduced by the aggregate amount of any and all incremental credit facilities actually established under the Credit Agreement) plus additional uncommitted incremental capacity subject to a limitation based on the Company’s pro forma total net leverage ratio (including any such additional uncommitted incremental capacity).

Borrowings under the revolving credit facility and the term loan credit facility may take the form of base rate loans or Secured Overnight Financing Rate (“SOFR”) loans. Base rate loans under the Credit Agreement will bear interest at a rate per annum equal to the sum of the Applicable Margin (as defined in the Credit Agreement) from time to time in effect plus the highest of (i) the Agent’s (as defined in the Credit Agreement) prime lending rate, as in effect at such time, (ii) the Federal Funds Rate (as defined in the Credit Agreement), as in effect at such time, plus 0.50%, (iii) the Adjusted Term SOFR (as defined in the Credit Agreement) for a one-month tenor in effect on such day, plus 1.00% and (iv) 1.00%. SOFR loans will bear interest at a rate per annum equal to the sum of the Applicable Margin from time to time in effect plus the Adjusted Term SOFR for an Interest Period (as defined in the Credit Agreement) selected by the Company of one, three or six months. The Applicable Margin varies between 1.25% and 2.25% per annum for SOFR loans and between 0.25% and 1.25% per annum for base rate loans, and is based on the Company’s total net leverage ratio from time to time.

Mandatory amortization on the Term Loan A is 2.5% in each of the first and second years and 5.0% in each of the third, fourth and fifth years, with the remaining outstanding balance due at maturity. The Credit Agreement contains certain covenants, which include, but are not limited to, restrictions on indebtedness, liens, fundamental changes, restricted payments, asset sales, and investments, and places limits on various other payments. The Company was in compliance with the covenants contained in the Credit Agreement as of March 31, 2024.

On April 28, 2023, the Company entered into an interest rate swap contract to hedge U.S. dollar-one month Term SOFR in order to fix the interest rate movements associated with the Company’s Term Loan A. The initial hedge amount was $195.0 million and amortizes in accordance with Term Loan A. The swap is at a fixed rate of one-month term SOFR of 3.721% and settles monthly on the last day of each calendar month. The swap has an effective date of May 1, 2023 and terminates on May 1, 2026. Refer to Note 15 for further discussion of the accounting treatment of the swap arrangement.

17


Term Loan and Revolving Credit Debt

Term loan and revolving credit debt and the current period interest rates are as follows (in millions):
March 31, 2024December 31, 2023
Term Loan A$191.2$192.5
Revolving credit facility35.0
Total debt191.2227.5
Less current portion11.27.5
Total long-term debt, less current portion180.0220.0
Less long-term unamortized debt issuance costs - term loans0.60.7
Total long-term debt, net of unamortized debt issuance costs - term loans$179.4$219.3
Unamortized debt issuance costs - revolving credit facility$0.6$0.7
Current period interest rate7.4 %7.7 %

Future long-term debt principal payments at March 31, 2024 were as follows (in millions):

2024$8.7 
202510.0 
202610.0 
2027162.5 
$191.2 


Note 10. Segment Information
 
The Company operates in two reportable segments. The KGS reportable segment is comprised of an aggregation of KGS operating business units, including the Company’s microwave electronics products, space, satellite and cyber, training solutions, C5ISR/modular systems, turbine technologies and defense and rocket support systems operating segments. The US reportable segment consists of the Company’s unmanned aerial, unmanned ground, unmanned seaborne and command, control and communications system business. The KGS and US segments provide products, solutions and services for mission critical national security programs. KGS and US customers primarily include national security related agencies, the U.S. Department of Defense (the “DoD”), intelligence agencies and classified agencies, and to a lesser degree, international government agencies and domestic and international commercial customers.

The Company organizes its reportable segments based on the nature of the products, solutions and services offered. Transactions between segments are generally negotiated and accounted for under terms and conditions similar to other government and commercial contracts. In the following table, total operating income from continuing operations of the reportable business segments is reconciled to the corresponding consolidated amount. The reconciling item Corporate activities includes costs for certain stock-based compensation programs (including stock-based compensation costs for stock options, the employee stock purchase plan and restricted stock units), the effects of items not considered part of management’s evaluation of segment operating performance, merger and acquisition expenses, corporate costs not allocated to the segments, and other miscellaneous corporate activities.

18


 Revenues, depreciation and amortization, and operating income (loss) generated by the Company’s reportable segments for the three month periods ended March 31, 2024 and March 26, 2023 are as follows (in millions): 
 Three Months Ended
 March 31, 2024March 26, 2023
Revenues: 
Kratos Government Solutions
Service revenues$104.6 $90.2 
Product sales113.2 93.6 
Total Kratos Government Solutions$217.8 $183.8 
Unmanned Systems
Service revenues1.9 1.4 
Product sales57.5 46.6 
Total Unmanned Systems59.4 48.0 
Total revenues$277.2 $231.8 
Depreciation and amortization:
Kratos Government Solutions$6.1 $5.9 
Unmanned Systems3.2 2.0 
Total depreciation and amortization$9.3 $7.9 
Operating income (loss):
  
Kratos Government Solutions$16.6 $7.7 
Unmanned Systems(0.4)(0.6)
Corporate activities(9.2)(6.6)
Total operating income
$7.0 $0.5 


Note 11.    Redeemable Noncontrolling Interest

On February 27, 2019, the Company acquired 80.1% of the issued and outstanding shares of capital stock of Florida Turbine Technologies Inc., a Florida corporation (“FTT Inc.”), and 80.1% of the membership interests in KTT Core, a Delaware limited liability company, for an aggregate purchase price of approximately $60 million. On February 18, 2022, the capital stock of FTT Inc. was conveyed to KTT Core for organizational purposes such that FTT Inc. is now a wholly owned subsidiary of KTT Core. In connection with the Company’s acquisition of FTT Inc., and KTT Core, (i) beginning in January 2024, the holders (the “Holders”) of the minority interests in KTT Core (the “Minority Interests”) will have an annual right (the “Put Right”) to sell all of the Minority Interests to the Company at a purchase price based on a specified multiple of the trailing 12 months EBITDA of KTT Core and its subsidiaries (the “Acquired Companies”), subject to adjustment as set forth in the Exchange Agreement entered into by and among the Company, the Acquired Companies and the Holders, as amended on February 18, 2022 (the “Exchange Agreement”) (provided, however, that following certain events, including a change of control, the Put Right will be accelerated and the Minority Interest Purchase Price (as defined in the Exchange Agreement) will be a specified increased multiple of the trailing 12 months EBITDA of the Acquired Companies); and (ii) beginning in January 2025, the Company will have an annual right to purchase all of the Minority Interests from the Holders at the Minority Interest Purchase Price.

On June 13, 2022, the Company entered into an Equity Purchase Agreement (the “Equity Purchase Agreement”) to acquire an additional 9.95% (the “Purchased Shares”) of the issued and outstanding shares of capital stock of KTT Core (together with its wholly-owned subsidiaries including FTT Inc.), a majority owned subsidiary of the Company, for an aggregate estimated purchase price of approximately $6.4 million, to be paid in shares of Kratos common stock. Pursuant to the Equity Purchase Agreement, the Company paid consideration of $2.7 million, paid in 190,258 shares of its common stock, based upon Kratos’ trading price on the date of distribution. Following the closing of the transactions contemplated by the Equity Purchase Agreement, the Company owned 90.05% of KTT Core. On April 7, 2023, the final aggregate purchase price, as updated to reflect the actual 2022 operating results and to reflect the market price of Kratos common stock on the day of issuance, was determined and 828,128 shares of Kratos common stock were issued to the Holders of the minority interest with a value of $10.7 million.

19


The Company adjusts the carrying value of such redeemable noncontrolling interest based on an allocation of subsidiary earnings based on ownership interest. Redeemable noncontrolling interest is recorded outside of permanent equity at the higher of its carrying value or management’s estimate of the amount (the “Redemption Amount”) that the Company could be required to pay in connection with the Put Right. Adjustments to the Redemption Amount will have a corresponding effect on net income per share attributable to Kratos shareholders. As a result of the Company’s acquisition of an additional 9.95% of the issued and outstanding shares of capital stock of KTT Core, the carrying value of the redeemable noncontrolling interest was adjusted. As of March 31, 2024, the estimated Redemption Amount of the redeemable noncontrolling interest was $22.5 million. For the three month period ended March 26, 2023, the Company recorded an adjustment of $0.9 million to increase the carrying value of the redeemable noncontrolling interest to the estimated Redemption Amount. For the three months ended March 31, 2024, the Company recorded a decrease of $0.5 million in the carrying value of the redeemable noncontrolling interest to the estimated Redemption Amount.

On March 22, 2024, the Holders notified Kratos of their intent to sell their remaining Minority Interests through the Holders’ exercise of the Put Right. Pursuant to the equity purchase agreement, the Company will pay approximate consideration of $22.5 million, of which 50% will be paid in cash and 50% will be paid in shares of the Company’s common stock, with a value based upon Kratos’ trading price on the date of distribution. The transaction is expected to close in the quarter ended June 30, 2024.

Note 12. Stockholders Equity - Common Stock

On February 27, 2024, the Company sold 19,166,667 shares of its common stock at a public offering price of $18.00 per share in an underwritten offering. The Company received gross proceeds of approximately $345.0 million. After deducting underwriting fees and other offering expenses, the Company received approximately $331.2 million in net proceeds. The Company expects to use the net proceeds of this public equity offering to facilitate its long-term strategy, including potential investment in facilities, expanding manufacturing capacity, anticipated capital expenditures for expansion of current sole-source/single award programs and high probability pipeline opportunities, initiate or accelerate production or integration of unmanned drone, hypersonic or other systems in anticipation of customer contract awards, further strengthen its balance sheet in anticipation of upcoming customer and partner decisions and source selection on additional large, new program and contract opportunities, for general corporate purposes, including paydown of debt, and to pay fees and expenses in connection with this public equity offering. During the three months ended March 31, 2024, the Company used $45 million of the proceeds from this public equity offering to pay down amounts outstanding under its Revolving Credit Facility.

Note 13. Significant Customers
 
Revenue from the U.S. Government, which includes foreign military sales contracted through the U.S. Government, includes revenue from contracts for which the Company is the prime contractor as well as those for which the Company is a subcontractor and the ultimate customer is the U.S. Government. The KGS and US segments have substantial revenue from the U.S. Government. Sales to the U.S. Government amounted to approximately $190.9 million and $160.3 million, or 69% and 69% of total Kratos revenue, for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and March 26, 2023, respectively.
 
Note 14. Commitments and Contingencies
 
In addition to commitments and obligations in the ordinary course of business, the Company is subject to various claims, pending and potential legal actions for damages, investigations relating to governmental laws and regulations and other matters arising out of the normal conduct of the Company’s business. The Company assesses contingencies to determine the degree of probability and range of possible loss for potential accrual in its unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements. An estimated loss contingency is accrued in the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements if it is probable that a liability has been incurred and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated, and such amount is deemed material. Because litigation is inherently unpredictable and unfavorable resolutions could occur, assessing litigation contingencies is highly subjective and requires judgments about future events. When evaluating contingencies, the Company may be unable to provide a meaningful estimate due to a number of factors, including but not limited to the procedural status of the matter in question, the presence of complex or novel legal theories, and the ongoing discovery and development of information important to the matters. In addition, damage amounts claimed in litigation against it may be unsupported, exaggerated or unrelated to possible outcomes and, as such, are not meaningful indicators of its potential liability. The Company regularly reviews contingencies to determine the adequacy of its accruals and related disclosures. The amount of ultimate loss may differ from these estimates. It is possible that cash flows or results of operations could be materially affected in any particular period by the unfavorable resolution of one or more of these contingencies. Whether any losses finally determined in any claim, action, investigation or proceeding could reasonably have a material effect on the Company’s business, financial condition, results of operations or cash flows will depend on a number of variables, including the timing and
20


amount of such losses; the structure and type of any remedies; the monetary significance any such losses, damages or remedies may have on the condensed consolidated financial statements; and the unique facts and circumstances of the particular matter that may give rise to additional factors.

    Legal and Regulatory Matters
U.S. Government Cost Claims

The Company’s contracts with the DoD are subject to audit by the Defense Contract Audit Agency (“DCAA”). As a result of these audits, from time to time the Company is advised of claims concerning potential disallowed, overstated or disputed costs. For example, during the course of recent audits of the Company’s contracts, the DCAA is closely examining and questioning certain of the established and disclosed practices that it had previously audited and accepted. The Company’s personnel regularly scrutinize costs incurred and allocated to contracts with the U.S. Government for compliance with regulatory standards. For those Company subsidiaries and fiscal years which have not yet been audited by the DCAA or for those audits which are in process which have not yet been completed by the DCAA, the Company cannot reasonably estimate the range of loss, if any, that may result given the inherent difficulty in predicting regulatory action, fines and penalties, if any, and the various remedies and levels of judicial review available to the Company in the event of an adverse finding. As a result, the Company has not recorded any liability related to these matters.

Other Litigation Matters

The Company is subject to normal and routine litigation arising from the ordinary course and conduct of business and, at times, as a result of mergers, acquisitions and dispositions. Such disputes include, for example, commercial, employment, intellectual property, environmental, and securities matters. The aggregate amounts accrued related to these matters are not material to the total liabilities of the Company. The Company intends to defend itself in any such matters and does not currently believe that the outcome of any such matters will have a material adverse impact on the Company’s financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.

Note 15. Derivative Financial Instruments
 
The Company’s derivative portfolio consists of forward exchange contracts used to manage foreign currency risks and an interest rate swap contract to hedge U.S. dollar-one month Term SOFR in order to mitigate the exposure to interest rate movements associated with the Company’s Term Loan A. Derivative financial instruments are recognized on the condensed consolidated balance sheets as either assets or liabilities and are measured at fair value.

Forward Exchange Contracts

Changes in the fair values of the foreign currency exchange contracts are recorded each period in earnings. As of March 31, 2024, the Company did not use hedge accounting for its foreign currency exchange contracts. The notional value of the Company’s foreign currency exchange contracts at March 31, 2024, was $7.6 million. At March 31, 2024, the fair value amounts of the foreign currency exchange contracts were a $0.1 million asset and a $0.0 million liability. The net gain from these forward exchange contracts was $0.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024, and is included in other expense. The notional value of the Company’s foreign currency exchange contracts at December 31, 2023, was $9.3 million. At December 31, 2023, the fair value amounts of the foreign currency exchange contracts were a $0.3 million asset and a $0.1 million liability.

Cash Flow Hedge

On April 28, 2023, the Company entered into an interest rate swap contract with an initial notional amount of $195.0 million to manage the variability of cash flows associated with the Term Loan A. The interest rate swap contract matures on May 1, 2026 and requires periodic interest rate settlements. The swap is at a fixed SOFR of 3.721% and settles monthly on the last day of each calendar month. The Company has designated the interest rate swap contract as a cash flow hedge and assesses the hedge effectiveness both at the onset of the hedge and at regular intervals throughout the life of the derivative. Changes in fair value (gains and losses) related to derivative financial instruments that qualify as cash flow hedges are deferred in Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss) (“AOCI”) until the underlying transaction is reflected in earnings. The net gain reclassed from AOCI from the interest rate swap reflected in earnings was $0.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and is recorded as an offset to interest expense. The Company did not have any interest rate swap contracts on March 26, 2023.
21



The fair value of this derivative represents the discounted value of the expected future discounted cash flows for the interest rate swap, based on the amortization schedule and the current forward curve for the remaining term of the contract, as of the date of each reporting period (in millions):

 March 31, 2024December 31, 2023
 Notional ValueFair ValueNotional ValueFair Value
Interest rate swap contract designated as a cash flow hedge, net of taxes$190.0 $2.6 $192.5 $0.7 
22



Item 2.  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
 
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (this “Quarterly Report”) contains “forward-looking statements” relating to our future financial performance, the market for our services and our expansion plans and opportunities. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by terminology such as “may,” “will,” “should,” “expect,” “plan,” “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “predict,” “potential,” or “continue,” the negative of such terms or other comparable terminology. These forward-looking statements reflect our current beliefs, expectations and projections, are based on assumptions, and are subject to known and unknown risks and uncertainties that could cause our actual results or achievements to differ materially from any future results or achievements expressed in or implied by our forward-looking statements. Many of these factors are beyond our ability to control or predict. As a result, you should not place undue reliance on forward-looking statements. Important risks and uncertainties that could cause our actual results or achievements to differ materially from the results or achievements reflected in our forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to: changes, cutbacks or delays in spending by the U.S. Department of Defense may occur which could cause delays or cancellations of key government contracts; delays to or the cancellation of our projects as a result of protest actions submitted by our competitors; changes in federal government (or other applicable) procurement laws, regulations, policies and budgets; the availability of government funding for the Company’s products and services due to performance, cost growth, or other factors; changes in government and customer priorities and requirements; the potential of the current economic environment to adversely impact our business; currently unforeseen risks associated with COVID-19 or any other public health crisis; risks related to natural disasters or severe weather; changes in the scope or timing of our projects; the timing, rescheduling or cancellation of significant customer contracts and agreements, or consolidation by or the loss of key customers; risks of adverse regulatory action or litigation; risks associated with debt leverage; failure to successfully achieve our integration, cost reduction or divestiture strategies; risks related to security breaches, cybersecurity attacks or other significant disruptions of our information systems; and competition in the marketplace, which could reduce revenues and profit margins, as well as the additional risks and uncertainties described in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, in “Item 1A-Risk Factors” of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2023 filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) on February 13, 2024 (the “Form 10-K”), and in other reports that we have filed with the SEC. These forward-looking statements reflect our views and assumptions only as of the date such forward-looking statements are made. Except as required by law, we assume no responsibility for updating any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

All references to “us,” “we,” “our,” the “Company” and “Kratos” refer to Kratos Defense & Security Solutions, Inc., a Delaware corporation, and its subsidiaries.

Overview
 
Kratos is a technology, products, system and software company addressing the defense, national security, and commercial markets. Kratos makes true internally funded research, development, capital and other investments, to rapidly develop, produce and field solutions that address our customers’ mission critical needs and requirements. At Kratos, affordability is a technology, and we seek to utilize proven, leading edge approaches and technology, not unproven bleeding edge approaches or technology, with Kratos’ approach designed to reduce cost, schedule and risk, enabling us to be first to market with cost effective solutions. We believe that Kratos is known as the innovative disruptive change agent in the industry, a company that is an expert in designing products and systems up front for successful rapid, large quantity, low cost future manufacturing, which is a value add competitive differentiator for our large traditional prime system integrator partners and also to our government and commercial customers. Kratos intends to pursue program and contract opportunities as the prime or lead contractor when we believe our probability of win is high and any investment required by Kratos is within our capital resource comfort level. We intend to partner and team with a large, traditional system integrator when our assessment of probability of win is greater or required investment is beyond Kratos comfort level. Kratos’ primary business areas include, virtualized ground systems for satellites and space vehicles including software for command & control (C2) and telemetry, tracking and control (TT&C), jet powered unmanned aerial drone systems, hypersonic vehicles and rocket systems, propulsion systems for drones, missiles, loitering munitions, supersonic systems, space craft and launch systems, command, control, communication, computing, combat, intelligence surveillance and reconnaissance (C5ISR) and microwave electronic products for missile, radar, air defense, missile defense, space, satellite, counter unmanned aircraft systems (CUAS), directed energy, communication and other systems, and virtual & augmented reality training systems for the warfighter.

Industry Update
 
On March 22, 2024, President Biden signed the second fiscal year 2024 Consolidated Appropriations package into law.
23


This legislation reflects an $886 billion appropriation for national defense, of which $842 billion would be for the U.S. Department of Defense (“DoD”) base budget. On March 1, 2024, President Biden submitted the fiscal year 2025 budget request to Congress. The request included $895 billion for national defense, of which $850 billion is for the DoD base budget.

On April 24, 2024, President Biden signed a bill providing a total of $95.3 billion in additional supplemental funding for Ukraine, Israel and Taiwan, including funding for the restock of U.S. munitions capacity, and a fourth bill to impose sanctions and allow the use of seized Russian assets to assist Ukraine.

The current budget environment, including Israel and Ukraine funding support, heightened levels of inflation, related supply chain disruption, and the appropriations process, continues to create significant short and long-term industry risks. Additionally, with the change of party in Congress in 2022, resulting with the Democrats controlling the Senate and the Presidency and the Republicans controlling the House of Representatives, considerable uncertainty exists regarding how future budgets, funding, timing and related program decisions will unfold, including the potential differing defense spending priorities of the Biden administration and of the Congress. Additionally, in November 2024 there will be elections for the President of the United States, the Congress and the Senate, which results could further complicate National Security, Defense and overall Federal Budget priorities and our industry.

We believe continued budget pressures (which are expected), continuing resolution authorities (CRAs), (which are also expected), future Federal Government debt ceiling issues, or Federal Government shutdowns could have serious negative consequences for the security of our country and the defense industrial base, including the Company and the related customers, employees, suppliers, investors, and communities that rely on companies in the defense industrial base. It is likely that budget and program decisions made in such an uncertain environment would have long-term implications for our Company and the entire defense industry. Additionally, funding for certain programs, including those in which we currently participate, may be reduced, delayed or cancelled, and budget uncertainty or funding cuts globally could adversely affect the viability of our customers, partners, teammates, subcontractors, suppliers, and our employee base.

We believe that our business is well-positioned in areas that the DoD and other customers currently indicate are priorities for future defense spending, including those based on the 2022 National Security Strategy document, the 2023 U.S. National Security related budget and NDAA, the recently submitted fiscal 2025 budget request and the fiscal 2024 Future Year Defense Program (FYDP).

However, due to a divided Congress and Executive Branch, federal budgetary uncertainty, expected CRAs, potential budgetary restrictions or limitations, defense or other spending cuts, challenges in the appropriations process, the debt ceiling issue and ongoing fiscal debates, the short and long term impacts to the industry and to our business remain uncertain.

Such a challenging federal and DoD budgetary environment may negatively impact our customers, business and programs and could have a material adverse effect on our forecasts, estimates, financial position, results of operations and/or cash flows.

We continue to be affected by various unfavorable macroeconomic conditions including significant adverse supply chain disruptions that continue throughout the industry and for us, and related delays in the receipt and delivery of materials, parts, supplies, etc., which in certain instances and for certain items is significant. In addition, inflation and the related increased costs of inputs needed to execute our business, including materials, parts, supplies, consultants, subcontractors, vendors, etc. have significantly increased our business costs and have significantly adversely impacted our operations, profit margins and financial forecasts.

Also, a shortage of qualified labor, and the cost of that labor for the Company and its labor base is a significant operational challenge for the Company. The cost of labor has increased significantly and current challenges in hiring, obtaining and retaining employees, including those employees requiring National Security clearances, is adversely impacting Kratos’ ability to execute its business. There is also a significant industry wide labor shortage, including in the Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math (STEM) discipline areas, and also including employees willing and/or able to obtain National Security clearances, and for high level manufacturing and production disciplines.

In addition, recent actions by the Federal Reserve to increase interest rates have impacted our interest expense on our outstanding debt borrowings and the related cost of executing Kratos’ business. Each of these matters and issues are expected to continue for the foreseeable future and are expected to continue to adversely impact the Company’s operations, financial results and financial forecasts.

24


Reportable Segments
 
The Company currently operates in two reportable segments. The KGS reportable segment is comprised of an aggregation of KGS operating segments, including our microwave electronics products, space, satellite and cyber, training solutions, C5ISR/modular systems, turbine technologies, and defense and rocket support services operating segments. The US reportable segment consists of our unmanned aerial, unmanned ground, unmanned seaborne and command, control and communications system businesses.

We organize our business segments based primarily on the nature of the products, solutions and services offered. Transactions between segments are negotiated and accounted for under terms and conditions similar to other government and commercial contracts, and these intercompany transactions are eliminated in consolidation. For additional information regarding our reportable segments, see Note 10 of the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements. From a customer and solutions perspective, we view our business as an integrated whole, leveraging skills and assets wherever possible.

Comparison of Results for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2024 to the Three Months Ended March 26, 2023
 
Revenues.  Revenues by operating segment for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and March 26, 2023 are as follows (dollars in millions):
 March 31, 2024March 26, 2023$ change% change
Kratos Government Solutions
Service revenues$104.6 $90.2 $14.4 16.0 %
Product sales113.2 93.6 19.6 20.9 %
Total Kratos Government Solutions$217.8 $183.8 $34.0 18.5 %
Unmanned Systems
Service revenues$1.9 $1.4 $0.5 35.7 %
Product sales57.5 46.6 10.9 23.4 %
Total Unmanned Systems59.4 48.0 11.4 23.8 %
Total revenues$277.2 $231.8 $45.4 19.6 %
Total service revenues$106.5 $91.6 $14.9 16.3 %
Total product sales170.7 140.2 30.5 21.8 %
Total revenues$277.2 $231.8 $45.4 19.6 %
 
Revenues increased $45.4 million to $277.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024 from $231.8 million for the three months ended March 26, 2023. Revenues in our KGS segment increased $34.0 million primarily due to revenue increases across each of our business units, which includes our C5ISR, turbine technologies, microwave electronics products, defense and rocket support and space, cyber and training solutions businesses. Revenues in our US segment increased $11.4 million to $59.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024, reflecting the contribution from the STS acquisition, and increased target drone activity as a result of timing of program contract awards and increased production volume as compared to the three months ended March 26, 2023.

Product sales increased $30.5 million to $170.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024 from $140.2 million for the three months ended March 26, 2023, primarily as a result of increased production in our KGS segment and in our US segment. As a percentage of total consolidated revenues, product sales were 61.6% for the three months ended March 31, 2024 as compared to 60.5% for the three months ended March 26, 2023. Service revenues increased by $14.9 million to $106.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024 from $91.6 million for the three months ended March 26, 2023, primarily related to increased activity in our turbine technologies, and space and satellite business in our KGS segment.

Cost of Revenues.  Cost of revenues increased $33.8 million to $206.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024 from $172.4 million for the three months ended March 26, 2023. The increase in cost of revenues was primarily related to the increased revenues, with the most notable increased activity in our turbine technologies, and space and satellite business in our KGS Segment.

Gross Margin.  Gross margin remained consistent at 25.6% for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and March 26, 2023. Margins on services increased to 25.6% for the three months ended March 31, 2024 from 25.5% for the three months
25


ended March 26, 2023. Margins on products decreased to 25.6% for the three months ended March 31, 2024 from 25.7% for the three months end March 26, 2023. Margins in the KGS segment increased to 27.3% for the three months ended March 31, 2024 from 27.2% for the three months ended March 26, 2023. Margins in the US segment decreased to 19.5% for the three months ended March 31, 2024 from 19.6% for the three months ended March 26, 2023.

Selling, General and Administrative (“SG&A”) Expenses.  SG&A expenses increased $6.6 million to $54.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024 from $47.8 million for the three months ended March 26, 2023 due primarily to the increased revenue volume and headcount. As a percentage of revenues, SG&A decreased to 19.6% at March 31, 2024 from 20.6% at March 26, 2023.

Research and Development (“R&D”) Expenses.  R&D expenses decreased $0.6 million to $9.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024 from $10.2 million for the three months ended March 26, 2023, primarily due to decreased development efforts in our space and satellite communications business. As a percentage of revenues, R&D decreased to 3.5% for the three months ended March 31, 2024 from 4.4% for the three months ended March 26, 2023. R&D expenses are made by the Company, typically in conjunction with our customers, for the Company to achieve a “first to market” position with our products or technology. We also invest in R&D expenses to achieve market leading “designed in” positions on major programs, platforms or systems.

Restructuring Expenses and Other. We had no restructuring expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2024. Restructuring expenses were $0.9 million for the three months ended March 26, 2023.

Total Other Expense, Net.  Total other expense, net decreased to $3.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024 from $5.6 million for the three months ended March 26, 2023. This decrease in expense of $2.6 million was primarily related to a decrease in interest expense of $1.1 million, and an increase in interest income of $1.4 million in the three months ended March 31, 2024.

Provision for Income Taxes. The income tax expense for the three months ended March 31, 2024 was $2.7 million and the income tax expense for the three months ended March 26, 2023 was $0.7 million. For the three months ended March 31, 2024 and March 26, 2023, the Company utilized the discrete effective tax rate method. The discrete method is applied when it is not possible to reliably estimate our full year effective tax rate due to significant permanent differences in relation to pre-tax book income, resulting in significant variability to our effective tax rate.

Backlog

On March 31, 2024, we had approximately $1,272.8 million of total backlog, of which $1,043.9 million was funded. We expect to recognize approximately 52% of the remaining total backlog as revenue in fiscal year 2024, an additional 27% in fiscal year 2025 and the balance thereafter. Our comparable total backlog balance as of March 26, 2023, was approximately $1,132.4 million, of which $789.0 million was funded. Backlog as of March 31, 2024 as compared to March 26, 2023 has increased primarily as a result of contract awards in our Space, Satellite, Cyber and Training, Turbine Technologies, Microwave Technologies, C5ISR and Unmanned Systems businesses.

Total backlog is our estimate of the amount of revenue expected to be realized over the remaining life of awarded contracts and task orders that we have in hand as of the measurement date. Total backlog can include award fees, incentive fees, or other variable consideration estimated based on the most likely amount we expect to be entitled to receive, to the extent that it is probable that a significant reversal of cumulative revenue recognized will not occur. Total backlog can include both funded and unfunded future revenue under government contracts. Total backlog does not include orders for which neither party has performed and which each party has the unilateral right to terminate a wholly unperformed contract without compensating the other party. As such, total backlog generally does not include options for additional performance obligations which have not been executed unless they are considered a material right of the base agreement/contract. For indefinite delivery or indefinite quantity contracts, only awarded or funded task orders are included for backlog purposes.

We define funded backlog as estimated future revenue under government contracts and task orders for which funding has been appropriated by Congress and authorized for expenditure by the applicable agency, plus an estimate of the future revenue expected to be realized from commercial contracts that are under firm orders. Funded backlog does not include the full potential value of our contracts because Congress often appropriates funds to be used by an agency for a particular program of a contract on a yearly or quarterly basis even though the contract may call for performance over a number of years. As a result, contracts typically are only partially funded at any point during their term, and all or some of the work to be performed under the contracts may remain unfunded unless and until Congress makes a subsequent appropriation and the procuring agency allocates funding to the contract.
 
26


Contracts undertaken by us may extend beyond one year. Accordingly, portions are carried forward from one year to the next as part of backlog. Because many factors affect the scheduling of projects, no assurance can be given as to when or if revenue will be realized on projects included in our backlog. Although funded backlog represents only business that is considered to be firm, we cannot guarantee that cancellations or scope adjustments will not occur. The majority of funded backlog represents contracts with terms that would entitle us to all or a portion of our costs incurred and potential fees upon cancellation by the customer.
 
A significant number of the programs that Kratos’ systems, products and solutions support are multi-year/multi-decade in nature. Accordingly, based on historical customer usage or operational tempo, we have reasonable expectations or visibility of what ultimate orders for Kratos’ systems, products and solutions will be. We do not include these expected amounts in our backlog until a related contract award is received.

Management believes that year-to-year comparisons of backlog are not necessarily indicative of future revenues. The actual timing of receipt of revenues, if any, on projects included in backlog could change because many factors affect the scheduling of projects. In addition, cancellations or adjustments to contracts may occur. Backlog is typically subject to large variations from quarter-to-quarter as existing contracts are renewed or new contracts are awarded. Additionally, all U.S. Government contracts included in backlog, whether or not funded, may be terminated at the convenience of the U.S. Government.
 
Liquidity and Capital Resources
 
As of March 31, 2024, we had cash and cash equivalents of $338.9 million compared with cash and cash equivalents of $72.8 million as of December 31, 2023, which includes $41.5 million and $44.1 million, respectively, of cash and cash equivalents held by our foreign subsidiaries. We are not presently aware of any restrictions on the repatriation of these funds, however, earnings of these foreign subsidiaries are essentially considered permanently invested in these foreign subsidiaries. If these funds were needed to fund our operations or satisfy obligations in the United States they could be repatriated, and their repatriation into the United States may cause us to incur additional foreign withholding taxes. We do not currently intend to repatriate these earnings.

Our total long-term debt decreased from $227.5 million at December 31, 2023 to $191.2 million at March 31, 2024, reflecting the $1.3 million in aggregate principal payments we have made on the Term Loan A and a net $35 million repayment made during the first quarter of 2024 on our Revolving Credit Facility. Under the 2022 Credit Facility, on February 18, 2022, we completed the refinancing of our outstanding $90 million revolving credit facility and $300 million of Senior Secured Notes, with a new 5-year $200 million Revolving Credit Facility and 5-year $200 million Term Loan A. As of March 31, 2024, the Company has made an aggregate of $8.8 million of principal payments on Term Loan A, and has no amounts outstanding under the new Revolving Credit Facility, with $200.0 million remaining in borrowing capacity, less approximately $10.3 million for outstanding letters of credit (as more fully described in Note 9 of the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements).

On February 18, 2022, the proceeds of $300 million from the 2022 Credit Facility, along with cash funded by us for the 3.25% call premium to redeem the Company’s outstanding Senior Secured Notes, plus accrued interest, was distributed to the trustee for redemption of the Senior Secured Notes. The redemption of the outstanding $300 million of Senior Secured Notes closed on March 14, 2022, for an amount of cash equal to 103.25% of the principal amount thereof plus accrued and unpaid interest thereon.

We use our operating cash flow to finance trade accounts receivable, fund necessary increases in inventory including increasing inventory stock levels and advance buys in larger lot sizes to gain pricing benefits where possible, in order to mitigate the impact of supply chain disruptions and price increases, utilize working capital to fund revenue growth, fund internal investments of engineering costs, fund capital expenditures, our internal research and development investments and our ongoing operations, service our debt, enhance our security infrastructure, including cyber security infrastructure, and make strategic acquisitions. Financing trade accounts receivable is necessary because, on average, our customers do not pay us as quickly as we pay our vendors and employees for their goods and services because a number of our receivables are contractually billable and due to us only when certain contractual milestones are achieved. Financing increases in inventory balances are necessary to fulfill shipment requirements to meet delivery schedules of our customers, to fund advanced inventory purchases to mitigate supply chain disruptions, and to fund production for work in progress and increased inventory levels related to revenue growth. These financing requirements have increased and have recently negatively impacted our operating cash flows due to actions we have taken to advance inventory purchases in an attempt to mitigate supply chain disruptions and to bolster our inventory levels. For the three months ended March 31, 2024, approximately $3.5 million of operating cash flow was used primarily to increase our inventory balances and $13.2 million was related to increases in prepaid expenses and other current assets which also include certain vendor prepayments related to the purchase of materials and inventory. Cash from
27


continuing operations is primarily derived from our customer contracts in progress and associated changes in working capital components. Our days sales outstanding (“DSO”) have decreased from 116 days as of December 31, 2023 to 107 days at March 31, 2024, primarily reflecting the timing of outstanding contractual billing milestones. Our DSOs are impacted by the achievement of contractual billing milestones such as equipment shipments and deliveries on certain products, and for certain flight requirements that must be fulfilled on certain aerial target programs, or final milestone billings which are not due until completion on certain projects, and therefore we are unable to contractually bill for amounts outstanding related to those milestones at this time.

At March 31, 2024, approximately $3.3 million in billed receivables and $1.5 million in unbilled receivables remained outstanding related to a training solutions program that was terminated for convenience (“T for C”) by the customer in 2019. These amounts are subject to negotiation and settlement with the customer, which negotiations are expected to commence in the second quarter of 2024.

A summary of our net cash provided by (used in) operating activities, investing activities, and financing activities from our condensed consolidated statements of cash flows is as follows (in millions):
Three Months Ended
 March 31, 2024March 26, 2023
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities
$0.7 $(25.7)
Net cash used in investing activities
(16.6)(7.7)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
282.6 (1.4)
Net cash provided by operating activities was $0.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024. Net cash provided by operating activities for the three months ended March 31, 2024 was primarily a result of the net gain of $1.3 million and changes in net working capital accounts of $22.3 million partially offset by noncash charges of $21.7 million which includes stock compensation, depreciation and amortization. Net cash used in operating activities was $25.7 million for the three months ended March 26, 2023. Net cash used in operating activities was primarily a result of working capital requirements to fund revenue growth resulting in an increase in accounts receivable and to a lesser degree to fund advanced inventory purchases.

Net cash used in investing activities for the three months ended March 31, 2024 is comprised of $16.6 million in capital expenditures. During the three months ended March 31, 2024, capital expenditures of approximately $6.8 million were incurred in our US business, primarily related to our unmanned tactical initiative. We expect our capital expenditures for fiscal year 2024 to continue to be significant for investments we are making, specifically in our US business totaling approximately $28 to $32 million, including approximately $18 to $22 million for capital aerial targets and related support equipment. The Company is currently producing or anticipates producing several versions of the Valkyrie within the 24 unit production, based on routine communications with the customers, which mix and ultimate duration of the 24 Lot Build may change as a result. Net cash used in investing activities for the three months ended March 26, 2023 is comprised of $7.7 million in capital expenditures. During the three months ended March 26, 2023, capital expenditures of approximately $3.6 million were incurred in our US business, primarily related to our unmanned combat target initiative. The Company made the decision in the first quarter of 2023 to move forward with its second serial production run of 12 next generation Valkyries. The total estimated amount related to production of Valkyries ahead of government contract award, including the first and second production run, is $18 to $22 million of the estimated 2024 capital expenditures for the US business.

Net cash provided by financing activities was $282.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024, which included employee stock purchase plan receipts of $3.6 million and net proceeds from the issuance of common stock of approximately $330.7 million. These proceeds were partially offset by $1.3 million of principal payments on our Term Loan A and a $45.0 million payment (partially offset by a $10.0 million draw) on our Revolving Credit Facility, payroll withholding taxes paid from vested restricted stock traded for taxes of $15.1 million and payments made on financing lease obligations of $0.3 million. Net cash used in financing activities was $1.4 million for the three months ended March 26, 2023.

Contractual Obligations and Commitments

2022 Credit Facility

    On February 18, 2022, the Company completed the refinancing of its then-outstanding $90 million revolving credit facility and $300 million Senior Secured Notes, with a new 5-year $200 million Revolving Credit Facility and 5-year $200 million Term Loan A. The Company incurred debt issuance costs of $3.3 million associated with the 2022 Credit Facility. As of March 31, 2024, the Company has made an aggregate of $8.8 million of principal payments on Term Loan A. As of
28


March 31, 2024, the Company has no amounts outstanding under the Revolving Credit Facility, with $200.0 million remaining in borrowing capacity, less approximately $10.3 million for outstanding letters of credit.

On February 18, 2022, the proceeds of $300 million from the 2022 Credit Facility along with cash funded by the Company for the 3.25% call premium to redeem the Company’s then-outstanding Senior Secured Notes, plus accrued interest, was distributed to the trustee for redemption of the Senior Secured Notes. The redemption of the Company’s outstanding $300 million 6.5% Senior Secured Notes due November 2025 closed on March 14, 2022, for an amount of cash equal to 103.25% of the principal amount thereof plus accrued and unpaid interest thereon. The Company incurred a loss on the extinguishment of debt of $9.8 million related to the call premium on the Senior Secured Notes and the write-off of $3.2 million of unamortized debt issuance costs resulting in a total loss on extinguishment of debt of $13.0 million.

The 2022 Credit Facility is governed by a Credit Agreement (the “Credit Agreement”), which establishes the 5-year senior secured credit facility which is comprised of the $200 million Revolving Credit Facility (which includes sub-facilities for the incurrence of up to $10.0 million of swingline loans and the issuance of up to $50.0 million of Letters of Credit) and the $200 million Term Loan A. The Credit Agreement contemplates uncommitted incremental credit facilities of up to $200 million (which amount would be reduced by the aggregate amount of any and all incremental credit facilities actually established under the Credit Agreement) plus additional uncommitted incremental capacity subject to a limitation based on the Company’s pro forma total net leverage ratio (including any such additional uncommitted incremental capacity).

Borrowings under the Revolving Credit Facility and the Term Loan A may take the form of base rate loans or SOFR loans. Base rate loans under the Credit Agreement will bear interest at a rate per annum equal to the sum of the Applicable Margin (as defined in the Credit Agreement) from time to time in effect plus the highest of (i) the Agent’s(as defined in the Credit Agreement) prime lending rate, as in effect at such time, (ii) the Federal Funds Rate (as defined in the Credit Agreement), as in effect at such time, plus 0.50%, (iii) the Adjusted Term SOFR (as defined in the Credit Agreement) for a one-month tenor in effect on such day, plus 1.00% and (iv) 1.00%. SOFR loans will bear interest a rate per annum equal to the sum of the Applicable Margin from time to time in effect plus the Adjusted Term SOFR for an Interest Period (as defined in the Credit Agreement) selected by the Company of one, three or six months. The Applicable Margin varies between 1.25% and 2.25% per annum for SOFR loans and between 0.25% and 1.25% per annum for base rate loans, and is based on the Company’s total net leverage ratio from time to time.

Mandatory amortization on the Term Loan A is 2.5% in each of the first and second years and 5.0% in each of the third, fourth and fifth years, with the remaining outstanding balance due at maturity. The Credit Agreement contains certain covenants, which include, but are not limited to, restrictions on indebtedness, liens, fundamental changes, restricted payments, asset sales, and investments, and places limits on various other payments. The Company was in compliance with the covenants contained in the Credit Agreement as of March 31, 2024.

On April 28, 2023, the Company entered into an interest rate swap contract to hedge U.S. dollar-one month Term SOFR in order to fix the interest rate movements associated with the Company’s Term Loan A. The initial hedge amount was $195.0 million and amortizes in accordance with Term Loan A. The swap is at a fixed rate one-month term SOFR of 3.721% and settles monthly on the last day of each calendar month. The swap has an effective date of May 1, 2023 and terminates on May 1, 2026.

Other Liquidity Matters
 
We believe that our cash on hand, together with funds available under the Credit Agreement and cash expected to be generated from operating activities, will be sufficient to fund our anticipated working capital and other cash needs for at least the next 12 months. As discussed below and in Part I, Item 1A, “Risk Factors” of our Annual Report on Form 10-K, our quarterly and annual operating results have fluctuated in the past and may vary in the future due to a variety of factors, many of which are outside our control. If the conditions in our industry deteriorate or our customers cancel or postpone projects or if we are unable to sufficiently increase our revenues or further reduce our expenses, we may experience a significant long-term negative impact to our financial results and cash flows from operations. In such a situation, we could fall out of compliance with our financial and other covenants, which, if not waived, could limit our liquidity and capital resources.

Critical Accounting Principles and Estimates
 
The foregoing discussion of our financial condition and results of operations is based on the condensed consolidated financial statements included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. The preparation of these condensed consolidated financial statements requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, sales and expenses, and the related disclosures of contingencies. We base these estimates on historical experience and on various other
29


assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities. Actual results may differ from these estimates.

There have been no significant changes to our “Critical Accounting Policies or Estimates” as compared to the significant accounting policies described in our Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Item 3.  Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.
 
Since December 31, 2023, there have been no material changes in the quantitative or qualitative aspects of our market risk profile. For additional information regarding our exposure to certain market risks, see “Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk” included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2023 that we filed with the SEC on February 13, 2024.

Item 4.  Controls and Procedures.
 
Conclusions Regarding the Effectiveness of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
 
We maintain disclosure controls and procedures, as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in our reports filed under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms and that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. In designing and evaluating the disclosure controls and procedures, management recognized that any controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable assurance of achieving the desired control objectives, and management necessarily was required to apply its judgment in evaluating the cost benefit relationship of possible controls and procedures.

As required by Rule 13a-15(b) promulgated under the Exchange Act, we carried out an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures as of the end of the period covered by this report.

Based on the foregoing, our Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective at the reasonable assurance level as of March 31, 2024.

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) of the Exchange Act) during the three months ended March 31, 2024 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
 
30


PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
 
Item 1.  Legal Proceedings.
 
See Note 14 of the Notes to condensed consolidated financial statements contained within this Quarterly Report for a discussion of our legal proceedings.
  
Item 1A.  Risk Factors.
 
In evaluating us and our common stock, we urge you to carefully consider the risks and other information in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, as well as the risk factors disclosed in Item 1A. to Part I of our Annual Reports on Form 10-K, and other reports that we have filed with the SEC. Any of the risks discussed in such reports, as well as additional risks and uncertainties not currently known to us or that we currently deem immaterial, could materially and adversely affect our results of operations, financial condition or prospects. During the period covered by this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, there have been no material changes in our risk factors as previously disclosed.

Item 2.  Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.

None.

Item 3.  Defaults Upon Senior Securities.
 
None.
 
Item 4.  Mine Safety Disclosures.

    Not applicable.

Item 5.  Other Information.
 
Rule 10b5-1 Trading Plans

During the fiscal quarter ended March 31, 2024, none of our directors or officers (as defined in Rule 16a-1 under the Exchange Act) adopted, modified or terminated a "Rule 10b5-1 trading arrangement" or "non-Rule 105b-1 trading arrangement" (as those terms are defined in Item 408 of Regulation S-K), except as described in the table below:

NameTitleActionApplicable DateExpiration Date
Rule 10b5-1 Trading Arrangement? (Y/N)(1)
Aggregate Number of Securities Subject to Trading Arrangement
Scott Anderson
Director
Adopted
3/15/202412/31/2024
Y
31,000
(2)
(1)Denotes whether the trading arrangement is intended to satisfy the affirmative defense of Rule 10b5-1(c).
(2)This number represents the maximum number of shares of our common stock that may be sold pursuant to the trading arrangement. The number of shares actually sold will depend on the satisfaction of certain conditions set forth in the trading arrangement.

31

Item 6.  Exhibits.
 
  Incorporated by
Reference
 
Exhibit
Number
Exhibit DescriptionFormFiling Date/
Period End
Date
ExhibitFiled-
Furnished
Herewith
2.110-Q05/10/2018
(001-34460)
2.2
2.2**10-Q05/08/2019
(001-34460)
2.3
3.110-K02/27/2017
(001-34460)
3.1 
3.210-K02/27/2017
(001-34460)
3.2 
4.110-K02/27/2017
(001-34460)
4.1 
31.1*
31.2   *
32.1   *
32.2   *
101.INS   *
101.SCH*
101.CAL*
101.DEF*
101.LAB*
101.PRE*
104Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as Inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101)*
**    Certain confidential information contained in this Exhibit (indicated by asterisks) has been omitted because it is both (i) not material and (ii) the type of information that the registrant treats as private or confidential.
32

SIGNATURES
 
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 
 KRATOS DEFENSE & SECURITY SOLUTIONS, INC.
   
   
 By:/s/ ERIC M. DEMARCO
  Eric M. DeMarco
  Chief Executive Officer, President
  (Principal Executive Officer)
   
   
 By:
/s/ DEANNA H. LUND
  Deanna H. Lund
  Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer
  (Principal Financial Officer)
   
By:
/s/ MARIA CERVANTES DE BURGREEN
Maria Cervantes de Burgreen
Vice President and Corporate Controller
(Principal Accounting Officer)
Date:May 7, 2024  
33