Company Quick10K Filing
Lancaster Colony
Closing Price ($) Shares Out (MM) Market Cap ($MM)
$0.00 28 $4,047
10-Q 2019-11-04 Quarter: 2019-09-30
10-K 2019-08-27 Annual: 2019-06-30
10-Q 2019-04-30 Quarter: 2019-03-31
10-Q 2019-02-06 Quarter: 2018-12-31
10-Q 2018-11-01 Quarter: 2018-09-30
10-K 2018-08-27 Annual: 2018-06-30
10-Q 2018-05-01 Quarter: 2018-03-31
10-Q 2018-01-30 Quarter: 2017-12-31
10-Q 2017-11-08 Quarter: 2017-09-30
10-K 2017-08-24 Annual: 2017-06-30
10-Q 2017-05-02 Quarter: 2017-03-31
10-Q 2017-02-07 Quarter: 2016-12-31
10-Q 2016-10-31 Quarter: 2016-09-30
10-K 2016-08-24 Annual: 2016-06-30
10-Q 2016-05-03 Quarter: 2016-03-31
10-Q 2016-02-05 Quarter: 2015-12-31
10-Q 2015-11-03 Quarter: 2015-09-30
10-K 2015-08-28 Annual: 2015-06-30
10-Q 2015-05-07 Quarter: 2015-03-31
10-Q 2015-02-06 Quarter: 2014-12-31
10-Q 2014-11-07 Quarter: 2014-09-30
10-K 2014-08-28 Annual: 2014-06-30
10-Q 2014-05-12 Quarter: 2014-03-31
10-Q 2014-02-10 Quarter: 2013-12-31
10-Q 2013-11-07 Quarter: 2013-09-30
10-K 2013-08-29 Annual: 2013-06-30
10-Q 2013-05-08 Quarter: 2013-03-31
10-Q 2013-02-07 Quarter: 2012-12-31
10-Q 2012-11-06 Quarter: 2012-09-30
10-K 2012-08-29 Annual: 2012-06-30
10-Q 2012-05-10 Quarter: 2012-03-31
10-Q 2012-02-09 Quarter: 2011-12-31
10-Q 2011-11-07 Quarter: 2011-09-30
10-K 2011-08-29 Annual: 2011-06-30
10-Q 2011-05-10 Quarter: 2011-03-31
10-Q 2011-02-09 Quarter: 2010-12-31
10-Q 2010-11-09 Quarter: 2010-09-30
10-K 2010-08-25 Annual: 2010-06-30
10-Q 2010-05-10 Quarter: 2010-03-31
10-Q 2010-02-05 Quarter: 2009-12-31
8-K 2019-11-13 Shareholder Vote, Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2019-11-04 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2019-08-27 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2019-08-21 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2019-04-25 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2019-03-11 Officers, Exhibits
8-K 2019-01-31 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-11-28 Enter Agreement
8-K 2018-11-16 Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2018-11-14 Officers, Exhibits
8-K 2018-11-13 Enter Agreement, Shareholder Vote, Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-10-26 Officers, Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2018-10-25 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-10-19 Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2018-08-23 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-08-22 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-04-26 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-01-25 Earnings, Exhibits
LANC 2019-09-30
Part I - Financial Information
Item 1. Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
Note 1 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Note 2 - Acquisitions
Note 3 - Fair Value
Note 4 - Long-Term Debt
Note 5 - Leases
Note 6 - Contingencies
Note 7 - Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets
Note 8 - Income Taxes
Note 9 - Business Segment Information
Note 10 - Stock-Based Compensation
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Part II - Other Information
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Item 6. Exhibits
EX-31.1 lanc-2019930xexhibit311.htm
EX-31.2 lanc-2019930xexhibit312.htm
EX-32 lanc-2019930xexhibit32.htm

Lancaster Colony Earnings 2019-09-30

LANC 10Q Quarterly Report

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow

Comparables ($MM TTM)
Ticker M Cap Assets Liab Rev G Profit Net Inc EBITDA EV G Margin EV/EBITDA ROA
INGR 5,606 5,998 3,402 5,730 1,299 401 801 7,255 23% 9.1 7%
FLO 4,879 3,220 1,926 4,044 0 179 414 5,768 0% 13.9 6%
LANC 4,047 905 179 1,308 326 151 235 3,850 25% 16.4 17%
DAR 3,374 5,037 2,630 3,328 721 88 440 4,927 22% 11.2 2%
THS 3,069 5,593 3,610 5,427 881 -206 136 5,317 16% 39.2 -4%
NOMD 2,910 5,341 3,282 0 0 0 0 2,910 0%
HAIN 2,213 2,583 1,063 2,302 445 -183 -129 2,812 19% -21.8 -7%
FRPT 1,825 181 64 217 100 -7 8 1,849 46% 228.9 -4%
MED 1,574 213 87 638 482 72 96 1,477 76% 15.3 34%
TWNK 1,562 3,069 1,499 890 288 71 165 2,358 32% 14.3 2%

Document
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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, DC 20549
Form
10-Q
 
(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2019
or 
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                     to                    
Commission file number 000-04065 
 
 
 
Lancaster Colony Corporation
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
 
 
 
Ohio
 
13-1955943
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
 
380 Polaris Parkway
Suite 400
 

Westerville
Ohio
 
43082
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
 
(614)
224-7141
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ý    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes  ý    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
 
ý
 
Accelerated filer
 
Non-accelerated filer
 
 
Smaller reporting company
 
 
 
 
 
Emerging growth company
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.    ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined by Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes      No  ý
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
Trading Symbol
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, without par value
LANC
NASDAQ Global Select Market
As of October 17, 2019, there were approximately 27,485,000 shares of Common Stock, without par value, outstanding.





LANCASTER COLONY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2.
 
 
 
Item 3.
 
 
 
Item 4.
 
 
 
 
 
Item 1A.
 
 
 
Item 2.
 
 
 
Item 6.
 
 
 
 

2




PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
Item 1. Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
LANCASTER COLONY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(UNAUDITED)
(Amounts in thousands, except share data)
September 30, 
 2019
 
June 30, 
 2019
ASSETS
Current Assets:
 
 
 
Cash and equivalents
$
173,461

 
$
196,288

Receivables
91,554

 
75,691

Inventories:
 
 
 
Raw materials
37,421

 
30,647

Finished goods
57,004

 
55,425

Total inventories
94,425

 
86,072

Other current assets
9,211

 
10,518

Total current assets
368,651

 
368,569

Property, Plant and Equipment:
 
 
 
Land, buildings and improvements
190,018

 
163,094

Machinery and equipment
350,164

 
340,232

Total cost
540,182

 
503,326

Less accumulated depreciation
259,323

 
256,282

Property, plant and equipment-net
280,859

 
247,044

Other Assets:
 
 
 
Goodwill
208,371

 
208,371

Other intangible assets-net
69,003

 
70,277

Operating lease right-of-use assets
24,584

 

Other noncurrent assets
10,873

 
11,138

Total
$
962,341

 
$
905,399

LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Current Liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
84,497

 
$
76,670

Accrued liabilities
52,076

 
43,036

Total current liabilities
136,573

 
119,706

Noncurrent Operating Lease Liabilities
19,638

 

Other Noncurrent Liabilities
32,806

 
35,938

Deferred Income Taxes
23,659

 
22,882

Commitments and Contingencies

 

Shareholders’ Equity:
 
 
 
Preferred stock-authorized 3,050,000 shares; outstanding-none

 

Common stock-authorized 75,000,000 shares; outstanding-September-27,484,757 shares; June-27,491,497 shares
124,155

 
122,844

Retained earnings
1,382,658

 
1,359,782

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(10,238
)
 
(10,308
)
Common stock in treasury, at cost
(746,910
)
 
(745,445
)
Total shareholders’ equity
749,665

 
726,873

Total
$
962,341

 
$
905,399

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

3




LANCASTER COLONY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(UNAUDITED)
 
 
Three Months Ended 
 September 30,
(Amounts in thousands, except per share data)
2019
 
2018
Net Sales
$
337,054

 
$
316,654

Cost of Sales
244,946

 
235,455

Gross Profit
92,108

 
81,199

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses
39,455

 
32,079

Change in Contingent Consideration
63

 

Restructuring and Impairment Charges
886

 

Operating Income
51,704

 
49,120

Other, Net
1,427

 
1,314

Income Before Income Taxes
53,131

 
50,434

Taxes Based on Income
12,386

 
11,406

Net Income
$
40,745

 
$
39,028

Net Income Per Common Share:
 
 
 
Basic and diluted
$
1.48

 
$
1.42

 
 
 
 
Weighted Average Common Shares Outstanding:
 
 
 
Basic
27,442

 
27,424

Diluted
27,517

 
27,514

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.


4




LANCASTER COLONY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(UNAUDITED)
 
 
Three Months Ended 
 September 30,
(Amounts in thousands)
2019
 
2018
Net Income
$
40,745

 
$
39,028

Other Comprehensive Income:
 
 
 
Defined Benefit Pension and Postretirement Benefit Plans:
 
 
 
Amortization of loss, before tax
136

 
103

Amortization of prior service credit, before tax
(45
)
 
(46
)
Total Other Comprehensive Income, Before Tax
91

 
57

Tax Attributes of Items in Other Comprehensive Income:
 
 
 
Amortization of loss, tax
(31
)
 
(24
)
Amortization of prior service credit, tax
10

 
11

Total Tax Expense
(21
)
 
(13
)
Other Comprehensive Income, Net of Tax
70

 
44

Comprehensive Income
$
40,815

 
$
39,072

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.


5




LANCASTER COLONY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(UNAUDITED)
 
 
Three Months Ended 
 September 30,
(Amounts in thousands)
2019
 
2018
Cash Flows From Operating Activities:
 
 
 
Net income
$
40,745

 
$
39,028

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Impacts of noncash items:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
8,750

 
6,944

Change in contingent consideration
63

 

Deferred income taxes and other changes
833

 
879

Stock-based compensation expense
1,436

 
1,531

Restructuring and impairment charges
(268
)
 

Pension plan activity
(215
)
 
(309
)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Receivables
(15,869
)
 
(10,325
)
Inventories
(8,353
)
 
(11,961
)
Other current assets
616

 
2,763

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
12,357

 
12,310

Net cash provided by operating activities
40,095

 
40,860

Cash Flows From Investing Activities:
 
 
 
Payments for property additions
(43,189
)
 
(9,740
)
Other-net
(156
)
 
(71
)
Net cash used in investing activities
(43,345
)
 
(9,811
)
Cash Flows From Financing Activities:
 
 
 
Payment of dividends
(17,869
)
 
(16,495
)
Purchase of treasury stock
(1,465
)
 
(1,593
)
Tax withholdings for stock-based compensation
(125
)
 
(778
)
Other-net
(118
)
 

Net cash used in financing activities
(19,577
)
 
(18,866
)
Net change in cash and equivalents
(22,827
)
 
12,183

Cash and equivalents at beginning of year
196,288

 
205,752

Cash and equivalents at end of period
$
173,461

 
$
217,935

Supplemental Disclosure of Operating Cash Flows:
 
 
 
Net cash payments for income taxes
$
528

 
$
229

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.


6




LANCASTER COLONY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(UNAUDITED)

 
 
Three Months Ended September 30, 2019
(Amounts in thousands,
except per share data)
 
Common Stock
Outstanding
 
Retained
Earnings
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
 
Treasury
Stock
 
Total
Shareholders’
Equity
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance, June 30, 2019
 
27,491

 
$
122,844

 
$
1,359,782

 
$
(10,308
)
 
$
(745,445
)
 
$
726,873

Net income
 
 
 
 
 
40,745

 
 
 
 
 
40,745

Net pension and postretirement benefit gains, net of $21 tax effect
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
70

 
 
 
70

Cash dividends - common stock ($0.65 per share)
 
 
 
 
 
(17,869
)
 
 
 
 
 
(17,869
)
Purchase of treasury stock
 
(10
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(1,465
)
 
(1,465
)
Stock-based plans
 
4

 
(125
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(125
)
Stock-based compensation expense
 
 
 
1,436

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1,436

Balance, September 30, 2019
 
27,485

 
$
124,155

 
$
1,382,658

 
$
(10,238
)
 
$
(746,910
)
 
$
749,665


 
 
Three Months Ended September 30, 2018
(Amounts in thousands,
except per share data)
 
Common Stock
Outstanding
 
Retained
Earnings
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
 
Treasury
Stock
 
Total
Shareholders’
Equity
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance, June 30, 2018
 
27,488

 
$
119,232

 
$
1,279,343

 
$
(8,259
)
 
$
(738,034
)
 
$
652,282

Net income
 
 
 
 
 
39,028

 
 
 
 
 
39,028

Net pension and postretirement benefit gains, net of $13 tax effect
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
44

 
 
 
44

Cash dividends - common stock ($0.60 per share)
 
 
 
 
 
(16,495
)
 
 
 
 
 
(16,495
)
Purchase of treasury stock
 
(10
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(1,593
)
 
(1,593
)
Stock-based plans
 
12

 
(778
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(778
)
Stock-based compensation expense
 
 
 
1,531

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1,531

Balance, September 30, 2018
 
27,490

 
$
119,985

 
$
1,301,876

 
$
(8,215
)
 
$
(739,627
)
 
$
674,019

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.


7




LANCASTER COLONY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Tabular amounts in thousands, except per share data)
Note 1 – Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Lancaster Colony Corporation and our wholly-owned subsidiaries, collectively referred to as “we,” “us,” “our,” “registrant” or the “Company” and have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and SEC Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. In our opinion, the interim condensed consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments necessary for a fair presentation of the results of operations and financial position for such periods. All such adjustments reflected in the interim condensed consolidated financial statements are considered to be of a normal recurring nature. Intercompany transactions and accounts have been eliminated in consolidation. The results of operations for any interim period are not necessarily indicative of results for the full year. Accordingly, these condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto contained in our 2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K. Unless otherwise noted, the term “year” and references to a particular year pertain to our fiscal year, which begins on July 1 and ends on June 30; for example, 2020 refers to fiscal 2020, which is the period from July 1, 2019 to June 30, 2020.
Property, Plant and Equipment
Property, plant and equipment are recorded at cost, except for those acquired as part of a business combination, which are recorded at fair value at the time of purchase. We use the straight-line method of computing depreciation for financial reporting purposes based on the estimated useful lives of the corresponding assets. Purchases of property, plant and equipment included in Accounts Payable and excluded from the property additions and the change in accounts payable in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows were as follows: 
 
September 30,
 
2019
 
2018
Construction in progress in Accounts Payable
$
5,606

 
$
3,219


Earnings Per Share
Earnings per share (“EPS”) is computed based on the weighted average number of shares of common stock and common stock equivalents (restricted stock and stock-settled stock appreciation rights) outstanding during each period. Unvested shares of restricted stock granted to employees are considered participating securities since employees receive nonforfeitable dividends prior to vesting and, therefore, are included in the earnings allocation in computing EPS under the two-class method. Basic EPS excludes dilution and is computed by dividing income available to common shareholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted EPS is computed by dividing income available to common shareholders by the diluted weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period, which includes the dilutive potential common shares associated with nonparticipating restricted stock and stock-settled stock appreciation rights.


8


LANCASTER COLONY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Tabular amounts in thousands, except per share data)


Basic and diluted net income per common share were calculated as follows:
 
Three Months Ended 
 September 30,
 
2019
 
2018
Net income
$
40,745

 
$
39,028

Net income available to participating securities
(67
)
 
(82
)
Net income available to common shareholders
$
40,678

 
$
38,946

 
 
 
 
Weighted average common shares outstanding – basic
27,442

 
27,424

Incremental share effect from:
 
 
 
Nonparticipating restricted stock
3

 
5

Stock-settled stock appreciation rights
72

 
85

Weighted average common shares outstanding – diluted
27,517

 
27,514

 
 
 
 
Net income per common share – basic and diluted
$
1.48

 
$
1.42


Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
The following table presents the amounts reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive loss by component:
 
Three Months Ended 
 September 30,
 
2019
 
2018
Accumulated other comprehensive loss at beginning of period
$
(10,308
)
 
$
(8,259
)
Defined Benefit Pension Plan Items:
 
 
 
Amortization of unrecognized net loss
143

 
112

Postretirement Benefit Plan Items:
 
 
 
Amortization of unrecognized net gain
(7
)
 
(9
)
Amortization of prior service credit
(45
)
 
(46
)
Total other comprehensive income, before tax
91

 
57

Total tax expense
(21
)
 
(13
)
Other comprehensive income, net of tax
70

 
44

Accumulated other comprehensive loss at end of period
$
(10,238
)
 
$
(8,215
)

Significant Accounting Policies
There were no changes to our Significant Accounting Policies from those disclosed in our 2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K. However, see expanded disclosure of lease accounting policies in Note 5 due to the adoption of new lease accounting guidance.
Recently Issued Accounting Standards
In August 2018, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued new accounting guidance related to the disclosure requirements for fair value measurements. The guidance removes, modifies and adds disclosures related to fair value. The amendments on changes in unrealized gains and losses, the range and weighted average of significant unobservable inputs used to develop Level 3 fair value measurements, and the narrative description of measurement uncertainty should be applied prospectively for only the most recent interim or annual period presented in the initial fiscal year of adoption. All other amendments should be applied retrospectively to all periods presented upon their effective date. This guidance will be effective for us in fiscal 2021, including interim periods. As the guidance only relates to disclosures, there will be no impact on our financial position or results of operations.

9


LANCASTER COLONY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Tabular amounts in thousands, except per share data)


Recently Adopted Accounting Standards
In February 2016, the FASB issued new accounting guidance to require lessees to recognize a right-of-use asset and a lease liability for leases with terms of more than 12 months and issued subsequent clarifications of this new guidance. This guidance retains the two classifications of a lease as either an operating or finance lease (previously referred to as a capital lease). Both lease classifications require the lessee to record a right-of-use asset and a lease liability based upon the present value of the lease payments. Finance leases will reflect the financial arrangement by recognizing interest expense on the lease liability separately from the amortization expense of the right-of-use asset. Operating leases will recognize lease expense (with no separate recognition of interest expense) on a straight-line basis over the term of the lease. The guidance requires expanded qualitative and quantitative disclosures, including additional information about the amounts recorded in the consolidated financial statements. In July 2018, the FASB issued guidance that allows for an alternate transition method whereby companies can recognize a cumulative-effect adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings in the period of adoption rather than restating comparative periods. We adopted the new guidance on July 1, 2019 using this alternate transition method, but we did not record a cumulative-effect adjustment from initially applying the standard. We elected the package of practical expedients that permits us not to reassess our prior conclusions about lease identification, lease classification and initial direct costs and made an accounting policy election to exclude short-term leases with an initial term of 12 months or less from our Consolidated Balance Sheets. We have completed the implementation of a lease accounting system to enable the preparation of financial information and have implemented relevant accounting policies and internal controls surrounding the lease accounting process. As a result of adoption, we recognized a lease liability and right-of-use asset of $33.5 million and $31.7 million, respectively. The right-of-use asset balance reflects the reclassification of deferred rent and prepaid rent against the initial asset. The adoption did not impact our results of operations or cash flows. See additional lease disclosures in Note 5.
Note 2 – Acquisitions
Omni Baking Company LLC
On November 16, 2018, we acquired substantially all of the assets of Omni Baking Company LLC (“Omni”). Omni has been a long-time supplier of products to our frozen garlic bread operations and is based in Vineland, New Jersey. The purchase price of $22.3 million, which includes the post-closing working capital adjustment, was funded with cash on hand. Omni’s results of operations are allocated between our Retail and Foodservice segments in a manner consistent with our current segment allocations. These results have been included in our condensed consolidated financial statements from the date of acquisition.
 
 
Bantam Bagels, LLC
On October 19, 2018, we acquired all the assets of Bantam Bagels, LLC (“Bantam”). Bantam, a producer and marketer of frozen mini stuffed bagels and mini stuffed pancakes sold to both the retail and foodservice channels, is based in New York, New York. The base purchase price of $33.1 million, which includes the post-closing working capital adjustment, was funded with cash on hand. This purchase price excludes contingent consideration relating to an additional earn-out payment which is tied to performance-based conditions. In general, the terms of the acquisition specify that the sellers will receive an earn-out based upon a pre-determined multiple of the defined adjusted EBITDA of Bantam for the twelve months ending December 31, 2023. We are unable to provide a range for the amount of this earn-out because it is based on the future adjusted EBITDA of Bantam, and the earn-out does not contain a minimum or maximum value. See further discussion of the earn-out in Note 3. Bantam’s results of operations are allocated between our Retail and Foodservice segments in a manner consistent with our current segment allocations. These results have been included in our condensed consolidated financial statements from the date of acquisition.
Note 3 – Fair Value
Fair value is defined as the exit price, or the amount that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants as of the measurement date. GAAP sets forth a three-level fair value hierarchy, which prioritizes the inputs used in measuring fair value. The three levels are as follows:
Level 1 – defined as observable inputs, such as quoted market prices in active markets.
Level 2 – defined as inputs other than quoted prices in active markets that are either directly or indirectly observable.
Level 3 – defined as unobservable inputs in which little or no market data exists, therefore, requiring an entity to develop its own assumptions.

10


LANCASTER COLONY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Tabular amounts in thousands, except per share data)


Our financial assets and liabilities subject to the three-level fair value hierarchy consist principally of cash and equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable, contingent consideration payable and defined benefit pension plan assets. The estimated fair value of cash and equivalents, accounts receivable and accounts payable approximates their carrying value.
Our contingent consideration, which resulted from the earn-outs associated with our acquisitions of Bantam and Angelic Bakehouse, Inc. (“Angelic”), is measured at fair value on a recurring basis and is included in Other Noncurrent Liabilities on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. The following table summarizes our contingent consideration:
 
Fair Value Measurements at September 30, 2019
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
Contingent consideration - Bantam
$

 
$

 
$
8,963

 
$
8,963

Contingent consideration - Angelic

 

 

 

Total contingent consideration
$

 
$

 
$
8,963

 
$
8,963

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fair Value Measurements at June 30, 2019
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
Contingent consideration - Bantam
$

 
$

 
$
8,900

 
$
8,900

Contingent consideration - Angelic

 

 

 

Total contingent consideration
$

 
$

 
$
8,900

 
$
8,900


Bantam Contingent Consideration
This contingent consideration resulted from the earn-out associated with our October 19, 2018 acquisition of Bantam. In general, the terms of the acquisition specify the sellers will receive an earn-out based upon a pre-determined multiple of the defined adjusted EBITDA of Bantam for the twelve months ending December 31, 2023. The initial fair value of the contingent consideration was determined to be $8.0 million. The fair value is measured on a recurring basis using a Monte Carlo simulation that randomly changes revenue growth, forecasted adjusted EBITDA and other uncertain variables to estimate an expected value. We record the present value of this amount by applying a discount rate. As this fair value measurement is based on significant inputs not observable in the market, it represents a Level 3 measurement within the fair value hierarchy.
The following table represents our Level 3 fair value measurements using significant other unobservable inputs for Bantam’s contingent consideration:
 
Three Months Ended 
 September 30, 2019
Contingent consideration at beginning of period
$
8,900

Initial fair value - additions

Change in contingent consideration included in operating income
63

Contingent consideration at end of period
$
8,963


Angelic Contingent Consideration
This contingent consideration resulted from the earn-out associated with our November 17, 2016 acquisition of Angelic. In general, the terms of the acquisition specify the sellers will receive an earn-out based upon a pre-determined multiple of the defined adjusted EBITDA of Angelic for fiscal 2021. The initial fair value of the contingent consideration was determined to be $13.9 million. The fair value is measured on a recurring basis using a present value approach, which incorporates factors such as revenue growth and forecasted adjusted EBITDA, to estimate an expected value. We record the present value of this amount by applying a discount rate. As this fair value measurement is based on significant inputs not observable in the market, it represents a Level 3 measurement within the fair value hierarchy. Our 2019 fair value measurements resulted in a $9.7 million reduction in the fair value of Angelic’s contingent consideration in the second quarter ended December 31, 2018 and a $7.4 million reduction in the fourth quarter ended June 30, 2019 based on changes in Angelic’s forecasted adjusted EBITDA for fiscal 2021. These adjustments were recorded in our Retail segment.

11


LANCASTER COLONY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Tabular amounts in thousands, except per share data)


The following table represents our Level 3 fair value measurements using significant other unobservable inputs for Angelic’s contingent consideration:
 
Three Months Ended 
 September 30,
 
2019
 
2018
Contingent consideration at beginning of period
$

 
$
17,080

Change in contingent consideration included in operating income

 

Contingent consideration at end of period
$

 
$
17,080


Note 4 – Long-Term Debt
At September 30, 2019 and June 30, 2019, we had an unsecured credit facility (“Facility”) under which we could borrow, on a revolving credit basis, up to a maximum of $150 million at any one time, with potential to expand the total credit availability to $225 million subject to us obtaining consent of the issuing banks and certain other conditions. The Facility expires on April 8, 2021, and all outstanding amounts are then due and payable. Interest is variable based upon formulas tied to LIBOR or an alternative base rate defined in the Facility, at our option. We must also pay facility fees that are tied to our then-applicable consolidated leverage ratio. Loans may be used for general corporate purposes. Due to the nature of its terms, when we have outstanding borrowings under the Facility, they will be classified as long-term debt.
At September 30, 2019 and June 30, 2019, we had no borrowings outstanding under the Facility. At September 30, 2019 and June 30, 2019, we had $5.1 million of standby letters of credit outstanding, which reduced the amount available for borrowing on the Facility. We paid no interest for the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018.
The Facility contains certain restrictive covenants, including limitations on indebtedness, asset sales and acquisitions. There are two principal financial covenants: an interest expense test that requires us to maintain an interest coverage ratio not less than 2.5 to 1 at the end of each fiscal quarter; and an indebtedness test that requires us to maintain a consolidated leverage ratio not greater than 3 to 1 at all times. The interest coverage ratio is calculated by dividing Consolidated EBIT by Consolidated Interest Expense, and the leverage ratio is calculated by dividing Consolidated Debt by Consolidated EBITDA. All financial terms used in the covenant calculations are defined more specifically in the Facility.
Note 5 – Leases
General Lease Description
We have operating leases with initial noncancelable lease terms in excess of one year covering the rental of various facilities and equipment. Certain of these leases contain renewal options and some provide options to purchase during the lease term. Our operating leases include leases for real estate for some of our office and manufacturing facilities as well as manufacturing and non-manufacturing equipment used in our business. The remaining lease terms for these operating leases range from 1 year to 9 years.
We have finance leases with initial noncancelable lease terms in excess of one year covering the rental of various equipment. These leases are generally for manufacturing and non-manufacturing equipment used in our business. The remaining lease terms for these finance leases are 4 years.
Significant Assumptions and Judgments
Contract Contains a Lease
In evaluating our contracts to determine whether a contract is or contains a lease, we considered the following:
Whether explicitly or implicitly identified assets have been deployed in the contract; and
Whether we obtain substantially all of the economic benefits from the use of that underlying asset, and we can direct how and for what purpose the asset is used during the term of the contract.
Allocation of Consideration
In determining how to allocate consideration between lease and non-lease components in a contract that was deemed to contain a lease, we used judgment and consistent application of assumptions to reasonably allocate the consideration.

12


LANCASTER COLONY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Tabular amounts in thousands, except per share data)


Options to Extend or Terminate Leases
We have leases which contain options to extend or terminate the leases. On a lease-by-lease basis, we have determined if the extension should be considered reasonably certain to be exercised and thus a right-of-use asset and a lease liability should be recorded.
Discount Rate
The discount rate for leases, if not explicitly stated in the lease, is the incremental borrowing rate, which is the rate of interest that a lessee would have to pay to borrow on a collateralized basis over a similar term an amount equal to the lease payments in a similar economic environment.
We used a discount rate to calculate the present value of the lease liability at the date of adoption. In the development of the discount rate, we considered our internal borrowing rate, treasury security rates, collateral and credit risk specific to us, and our lease portfolio characteristics.
As of September 30, 2019, the weighted-average discount rate of our operating and finance leases was 3.1% and 4.2%, respectively.
Practical Expedients and Accounting Policy Elections
We elected the package of practical expedients that permits us not to reassess our prior conclusions about lease identification, lease classification and initial direct costs and made an accounting policy election to exclude short-term leases with an initial term of 12 months or less from our Consolidated Balance Sheets.
Amounts Recognized in the Financial Statements
The components of lease expense were as follows:
 
Three Months Ended 
 September 30, 2019
Operating lease cost in Cost of Sales and Selling, General and Administrative Expenses
$
2,136

Finance lease cost:
 
Amortization of assets in Cost of Sales
$
84

Interest on lease liabilities in Other, Net
20

Total finance lease cost
$
104

Short-term lease cost in Cost of Sales and Selling, General and Administrative Expenses
672

Total net lease cost
$
2,912


Supplemental balance sheet information related to leases is as follows:
 
September 30, 
 2019
Operating Leases
 
Operating Lease Right-Of-Use Assets
$
24,584

 
 
Current operating lease liabilities in Accrued Liabilities
$
6,788

Noncurrent Operating Lease Liabilities
19,638

Total operating lease liabilities
$
26,426

 
 
Finance Leases
 
Finance lease right-of-use assets in Property, Plant and Equipment-Net
$
1,966

 
 
Current finance lease liabilities in Accrued Liabilities
$
437

Noncurrent finance lease liabilities in Other Noncurrent Liabilities
1,408

Total finance lease liabilities
$
1,845



13


LANCASTER COLONY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Tabular amounts in thousands, except per share data)


Supplemental cash flow information related to leases is as follows:
 
Three Months Ended 
 September 30, 2019
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities:
 
Operating cash flows from operating leases
$
2,214

Operating cash flows from finance leases
$
20

Financing cash flows from finance leases
$
106

 
 
Supplemental noncash information on lease liabilities arising from obtaining right-of-use assets
$
1,050

Supplemental noncash information on lease liabilities removed due to purchase of leased asset
$
5,765


As of September 30, 2019, the maturities of lease liabilities were as follows:
 
Operating Leases
 
Finance Leases
Nine months ending June 30, 2020
$
5,825

 
$
379

2021
5,884

 
505

2022
5,070

 
505

2023
3,874

 
493

2024
3,423

 
121

Thereafter
4,570

 

Total minimum payments
$
28,646

 
$
2,003

Less amount representing interest
(2,220
)
 
(158
)
Present value of lease obligations
$
26,426

 
$
1,845


As of September 30, 2019, the weighted-average remaining term of our operating and finance leases was 5.2 years and 4.0 years, respectively.
We have additional operating lease commitments that have not yet commenced of approximately $1.6 million for various equipment that has not yet been delivered. Delivery is expected in 2020. These leases have terms of 5 years.
As previously disclosed in our 2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K and under the previous lease accounting standard (Topic 840), as of June 30, 2019, future minimum lease payments under noncancelable leases with initial lease terms in excess of one year were as follows:
 
Operating Leases
 
Capital Leases
2020
$
8,261

 
$
505

2021
7,136

 
505

2022
6,345

 
505

2023
4,992

 
493

2024
4,619

 
121

Thereafter
6,901

 

Total minimum payments
$
38,254

 
$
2,129

Less amount representing interest
 
 
(178
)
Present value of capital lease obligations
 
 
$
1,951


Note 6 – Contingencies
At September 30, 2019, we were a party to various claims and litigation matters arising in the ordinary course of business. Such matters did not have a material effect on the current-year results of operations and, in our opinion, their ultimate disposition will not have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements.
Our acquisitions of Angelic and Bantam included provisions for contingent consideration for the earn-outs associated with these transactions. See further discussion in Note 3.

14


LANCASTER COLONY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Tabular amounts in thousands, except per share data)


Note 7 – Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets
Goodwill attributable to the Retail and Foodservice segments was $157.4 million and $51.0 million, respectively, at September 30, 2019 and June 30, 2019.
 
 
 
 
 
 

The following table summarizes our identifiable other intangible assets:
 
September 30, 
 2019
 
June 30, 
 2019
Tradenames (20 to 30-year life)
 
 
 
Gross carrying value
$
63,121

 
$
63,121

Accumulated amortization
(7,982
)
 
(7,335
)
Net carrying value
$
55,139

 
$
55,786

Customer Relationships (10 to 15-year life)
 
 
 
Gross carrying value
$
17,507

 
$
17,507

Accumulated amortization
(10,004
)
 
(9,641
)
Net carrying value
$
7,503

 
$
7,866

Technology / Know-how (10-year life)
 
 
 
Gross carrying value
$
8,950

 
$
8,950

Accumulated amortization
(2,725
)
 
(2,501
)
Net carrying value
$
6,225

 
$
6,449

Non-compete Agreements (5-year life)
 
 
 
Gross carrying value
$
791

 
$
791

Accumulated amortization
(655
)
 
(615
)
Net carrying value
$
136

 
$
176

Total net carrying value
$
69,003

 
$
70,277


Amortization expense for our other intangible assets, which is reflected in Selling, General and Administrative Expenses, was as follows:
 
Three Months Ended 
 September 30,
 
2019
 
2018
Amortization expense
$
1,274

 
$
965


Total annual amortization expense for each of the next five years is estimated to be as follows:
2021
$
4,976

2022
$
4,902

2023
$
4,343

2024
$
4,343

2025
$
4,083


Note 8 – Income Taxes
Accrued federal income taxes of $4.4 million and accrued state and local income taxes of $1.4 million were included in Accrued Liabilities at September 30, 2019. Prepaid federal income taxes of $5.2 million and prepaid state and local income taxes of $0.1 million were included in Other Current Assets at June 30, 2019.
Note 9 – Business Segment Information
Our financial results are presented as two reportable segments: Retail and Foodservice. Costs that are directly attributable to either Retail or Foodservice are charged directly to the appropriate segment. Costs that are deemed to be indirect, excluding corporate expenses and other unusual significant transactions, are allocated to the two reportable segments using a reasonable methodology that is consistently applied.

15


LANCASTER COLONY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Tabular amounts in thousands, except per share data)


Retail - The vast majority of the products we sell in the Retail segment are sold through sales personnel, food brokers and distributors in the United States. We have placement of products in grocery produce departments through our refrigerated salad dressings, vegetable dips and fruit dips. Our flatbread products and sprouted grain bakery products are generally placed in the specialty bakery/deli section of the grocery store. We also have products typically marketed in the shelf-stable section of the grocery store, which include salad dressing, slaw dressing and croutons. Within the frozen food section of the grocery store, we sell yeast rolls, garlic breads and mini stuffed bagels.
Foodservice - The vast majority of the products we sell in the Foodservice segment are sold through sales personnel, food brokers and distributors in the United States. Most of the products we sell in the Foodservice segment are custom-formulated and include salad dressings, sandwich and dipping sauces, frozen breads and yeast rolls. The majority of our Foodservice sales are products sold under private label to restaurants. We also manufacture and sell various branded Foodservice products to distributors. Finally, within this segment, we sell other roll products under a transitional co-packing arrangement resulting from the Omni acquisition.
As many of our products are similar between our two segments, our procurement, manufacturing, warehousing and distribution activities are substantially integrated across our operations in order to maximize efficiency and productivity. Consequently, we do not prepare, and our Chief Operating Decision Maker does not review, separate balance sheets for the reportable segments. As such, our external reporting does not include the presentation of identifiable assets by reportable segment. The composition of our identifiable assets at September 30, 2019 is generally consistent with that of June 30, 2019.
We evaluate our Retail and Foodservice segments based on net sales and operating income which follow:
 
Three Months Ended 
 September 30,
 
2019
 
2018
Net Sales
 
 
 
Retail
$
166,077

 
$
162,748

Foodservice
170,977

 
153,906

Total
$
337,054

 
$
316,654

Operating Income
 
 
 
Retail
$
35,435

 
$
33,948

Foodservice
23,789

 
18,861

Restructuring and Impairment Charges
(886
)
 

Corporate Expenses
(6,634
)
 
(3,689
)
Total
$
51,704

 
$
49,120


The following table sets forth net sales disaggregated by class of similar products for the Retail and Foodservice segments:
 
Three Months Ended 
 September 30,
 
2019
 
2018
Retail
 
 
 
Frozen breads
$
60,297

 
$
57,508

Refrigerated dressings, dips and other
62,637

 
61,869

Shelf-stable dressings and croutons
43,143

 
43,371

Total Retail net sales
$
166,077

 
$
162,748

Foodservice
 
 
 
Dressings and sauces
$
119,763

 
$
115,912

Frozen breads and other
43,364

 
37,994

Other roll products
7,850

 

Total Foodservice net sales
$
170,977

 
$
153,906

Total net sales
$
337,054

 
$
316,654



16


LANCASTER COLONY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Tabular amounts in thousands, except per share data)


The following table provides an additional disaggregation of Foodservice net sales by type of customer:
 
Three Months Ended 
 September 30,
 
2019
 
2018
Foodservice
 
 
 
National accounts
$
123,758

 
$
115,575

Branded and other
39,369

 
38,331

Other roll products
7,850

 

Total Foodservice net sales
$
170,977

 
$
153,906


Note 10 – Stock-Based Compensation
There have been no changes to our stock-based compensation plans from those disclosed in our 2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Our stock-settled stock appreciation rights (“SSSARs”) compensation expense was $0.7 million for the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018. At September 30, 2019, there was $4.5 million of unrecognized compensation expense related to SSSARs that we will recognize over a weighted-average period of 2 years.
Our restricted stock compensation expense was $0.7 million and $0.8 million for the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively. At September 30, 2019, there was $3.3 million of unrecognized compensation expense related to restricted stock that we will recognize over a weighted-average period of 2 years.

17




Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Our fiscal year begins on July 1 and ends on June 30. Unless otherwise noted, references to “year” pertain to our fiscal year; for example, 2020 refers to fiscal 2020, which is the period from July 1, 2019 to June 30, 2020.
The following discussion should be read in conjunction with our condensed consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto, all included elsewhere in this report, and our 2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K. The forward-looking statements in this section and other parts of this report involve risks, uncertainties and other factors, including statements regarding our plans, objectives, goals, strategies, and financial performance. Our actual results could differ materially from the results anticipated in these forward-looking statements due to these factors. For more information, see the section below entitled “Forward-Looking Statements.”
OVERVIEW
Business Overview
Lancaster Colony Corporation is a manufacturer and marketer of specialty food products for the retail and foodservice channels.
Our financial results are presented as two reportable segments: Retail and Foodservice. Costs that are directly attributable to either Retail or Foodservice are charged directly to the appropriate segment. Costs that are deemed to be indirect, excluding corporate expenses and other unusual significant transactions, are allocated to the two reportable segments using a reasonable methodology that is consistently applied.
Over 95% of our products are sold in the United States. Foreign operations and export sales have not been significant in the past and are not expected to be significant in the future based upon existing operations. We do not have any fixed assets located outside of the United States.
Our business has the potential to achieve future growth in sales and profitability due to attributes such as:
leading Retail market positions in several product categories with a high-quality perception;
recognized innovation in Retail products;
a broad customer base in both Retail and Foodservice accounts;
well-regarded culinary expertise among Foodservice customers;
recognized leadership in Foodservice product development;
experience in integrating complementary business acquisitions; and
historically strong cash flow generation that supports growth opportunities.
Our goal is to grow both Retail and Foodservice segment sales over time by:
introducing new products and expanding distribution;
leveraging the strength of our Retail brands to increase current product sales;
expanding Retail growth through strategic licensing agreements;
continuing to rely upon the strength of our reputation in Foodservice product development and quality; and
acquiring complementary businesses.
With respect to long-term growth, we continually evaluate the future opportunities and needs for our business specific to our plant infrastructure, IT platforms and other initiatives to support and strengthen our operations. Recent examples of resulting investments include a significant capacity expansion project for our Sister Schubert’s frozen dinner roll facility in Horse Cave, Kentucky that we expect to complete near the end of the second quarter; a new R&D center that was completed near the end of 2019; and the establishment of a Transformation Program Office in 2019 that will serve to coordinate our various capital and integration efforts, including our enterprise resource planning system (“ERP”) that is now underway.
We also continue to review potential acquisitions that we believe will complement our existing product lines, enhance our profitability and/or offer good expansion opportunities in a manner that fits our overall strategic goals. Consistent with this acquisition strategy, in November 2018 we acquired, using available cash on hand, substantially all of the assets of Omni Baking Company LLC (“Omni”), a long-time supplier of products to our frozen garlic bread operations. In October 2018 we acquired, using available cash on hand, all the assets of Bantam Bagels, LLC (“Bantam”), a producer and marketer of frozen mini stuffed bagels and mini stuffed pancakes sold to both the retail and foodservice channels. See further discussion of these acquisitions in Note 2 to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

18




RESULTS OF CONSOLIDATED OPERATIONS
(Dollars in thousands,
except per share data)
Three Months Ended 
 September 30,
 
 
 
 
2019
 
2018
 
Change
Net Sales
$
337,054

 
$
316,654

 
$
20,400

 
6
%
Cost of Sales
244,946

 
235,455

 
9,491

 
4
%
Gross Profit
92,108

 
81,199

 
10,909

 
13
%
Gross Margin
27.3
%
 
25.6
%
 
 
 
 
Selling, General and Administrative Expenses
39,455

 
32,079

 
7,376

 
23
%
Change in Contingent Consideration
63

 

 
63

 
N/M

Restructuring and Impairment Charges
886

 

 
886

 
N/M

Operating Income
51,704

 
49,120

 
2,584

 
5
%
Operating Margin
15.3
%
 
15.5
%
 
 
 
 
Other, Net
1,427

 
1,314

 
113

 
9
%
Income Before Income Taxes
53,131

 
50,434

 
2,697

 
5
%
Taxes Based on Income
12,386

 
11,406

 
980

 
9
%
Effective Tax Rate
23.3
%
 
22.6
%
 
 
 
 
Net Income
$
40,745

 
$
39,028

 
$
1,717

 
4
%
Diluted Net Income Per Common Share
$
1.48

 
$
1.42

 
$
0.06

 
4
%
Net Sales
Consolidated net sales for the three months ended September 30, 2019 increased 6% to a first quarter record $337.1 million versus $316.7 million last year. This growth was driven by increases in both Retail and Foodservice net sales. Excluding net sales attributed to the acquisitions of Bantam and Omni, consolidated net sales increased 3% for the quarter.
Gross Profit
Consolidated gross profit for the three months ended September 30, 2019 increased $10.9 million or 13% to $92.1 million compared to the prior-year period. The increase was driven by the higher sales volumes, continued cost savings from our lean six sigma program and favorable commodity costs.
Selling, General and Administrative Expenses
Selling, general and administrative (“SG&A”) expenses increased 23% for the three months ended September 30, 2019. The increase in these costs was driven by spending on our ERP initiative, increased investments in consumer promotions and higher personnel costs in addition to incremental expenses attributed to Bantam. ERP expenses are included within Corporate Expenses.
 
Three Months Ended 
 September 30,
 
 
 
 
(Dollars in thousands)
2019
 
2018
 
Change
SG&A Expenses - Excluding ERP
$
36,733

 
$
32,079

 
$
4,654

 
15
%
ERP Expenses
2,722

 

 
2,722

 
N/M

Total SG&A Expenses
$
39,455

 
$
32,079

 
$
7,376

 
23
%
Change in Contingent Consideration
The change in contingent consideration resulted in expense of $0.1 million for the three months ended September 30, 2019. See further discussion in Note 3 to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

19




Restructuring and Impairment Charges
In the fourth quarter of 2019, we committed to a plan to close our frozen bread manufacturing plant located in Saraland, Alabama. This decision was intended to provide greater production efficiency by consolidating most of this facility’s operations into other existing plants, outsourcing certain requirements and discontinuing less profitable frozen bread products. Production at the plant ceased in July 2019. The operations of this plant have not been classified as discontinued operations as the closure does not represent a strategic shift that would have a major effect on our operations or financial results.
We recorded restructuring and impairment charges of $0.9 million for the three months ended September 30, 2019, which primarily consisted of plant clean-up expenses and contract termination costs. These charges were not allocated to our two reportable segments due to their unusual nature. We do not anticipate any significant additional charges attributed to this plant closure.
Operating Income
Operating income increased 5% for the three months ended September 30, 2019 driven by gross profit growth, as partially offset by the increase in SG&A expenses and restructuring and impairment charges. See discussion of operating results by segment following the discussion of “Earnings Per Share” below.
Taxes Based on Income
Our effective tax rate was 23.3% and 22.6% for the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively. For the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, our effective tax rate varied from the statutory federal income tax rate as a result of the following factors:
 
Three Months Ended 
 September 30,
 
2019
 
2018
Statutory rate
21.0
 %
 
21.0
 %
State and local income taxes
3.0

 
2.5

Net windfall tax benefits - stock-based compensation
(0.1
)
 
(0.8
)
Other
(0.6
)
 
(0.1
)
Effective rate
23.3
 %
 
22.6
 %
We include the tax consequences related to stock-based compensation within the computation of income tax expense. We may experience increased volatility to our income tax expense and resulting net income dependent upon, among other variables, the price of our common stock and the timing and volume of share-based payment award activity such as employee exercises of stock-settled stock appreciation rights and vesting of restricted stock awards. For the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, the impact of net windfall tax benefits from stock-based compensation reduced our effective tax rate by 0.1% and 0.8%, respectively.
Earnings Per Share
As influenced by the factors noted above, diluted net income per share for the first quarter of 2020 totaled $1.48, as compared to $1.42 per diluted share in the prior year. Diluted weighted average common shares outstanding have remained relatively stable for the current and prior-year periods ended September 30.
In 2020, spend for the ERP reduced diluted earnings per share by $0.08 and the restructuring and impairment charge had an unfavorable impact of $0.02 per diluted share.
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS - SEGMENTS
Retail Segment
 
Three Months Ended 
 September 30,
 
 
 
 
(Dollars in thousands)
2019
 
2018
 
Change
Net Sales
$
166,077

 
$
162,748

 
$
3,329

 
2
%
Operating Income
$
35,435

 
$
33,948

 
$
1,487

 
4
%
Operating Margin
21.3
%
 
20.9
%
 
 
 
 

20




For the three months ended September 30, 2019, Retail segment net sales increased 2%. Excluding the incremental sales from Bantam, Retail segment net sales improved 1.5% as influenced by higher sales of Marzetti® produce dressings, veggie dips and caramel dips, increased sales of frozen garlic bread and continued volume gains for shelf-stable dressings and sauces sold under license agreements. These gains were partially offset by declines in flatbread wraps and frozen dinner rolls and our decision to selectively exit some low-margin private-label business.
For the three months ended September 30, 2019, Retail segment operating income increased 4% as influenced by the higher sales volumes, reduced manufacturing costs and lower transportation costs resulting from our lean six sigma program and improved net price realization. Partial offsets to operating income growth included the impact of the 2019 acquisitions and increased trade and promotional spending.
Foodservice Segment
 
Three Months Ended 
 September 30,
 
 
 
 
(Dollars in thousands)
2019
 
2018
 
Change
Net Sales
$
170,977

 
$
153,906

 
$
17,071

 
11
%
Operating Income
$
23,789

 
$
18,861

 
$
4,928

 
26
%
Operating Margin
13.9
%
 
12.3
%
 
 
 
 
For the three months ended September 30, 2019, Foodservice segment net sales grew 11%. Excluding incremental contributions of $3.2 million from Bantam and $7.9 million from Omni, Foodservice sales grew 4% with national chain restaurant accounts, branded products and frozen pasta products all contributing to growth. Note that all of the Omni sales are attributed to a temporary supply agreement that is expected to end no later than November 2020.
The increase in Foodservice operating income and related margins for the three months ended September 30, 2019 was driven by the higher sales volumes and the benefit from continued cost savings in manufacturing and procurement attributed to our lean six sigma program, as partially offset by the impact of the 2019 acquisitions.
Corporate Expenses
The 2020 corporate expenses totaled $6.6 million as compared to $3.7 million in 2019. The increase was driven by ERP expenses.
LOOKING FORWARD
Looking forward, our fiscal second quarter is typically our strongest sales quarter due to the impact of the holiday season. We expect Retail segment sales will benefit from continued growth from shelf-stable dressings and sauces sold under license agreements, sales contributions from new product introductions and net price realization. In the Foodservice segment, we anticipate continued volume growth from select national chain restaurant accounts and sales of our branded products along with the added sales from the Omni acquisition which we will anniversary in mid-November. Bantam sales will anniversary the mid-October acquisition date, but we do anticipate continued sales growth for Bantam in both the Retail and Foodservice segments throughout the second quarter as we continue to gain retail distribution and our foodservice sales trends with Starbucks® remain positive. We expect production costs at the Omni facility to remain above our target level during the second quarter as we continue to invest in facility upgrades and operational improvements. The Bantam acquisition is also expected to be dilutive to our second quarter earnings. SG&A expenses will continue to reflect incremental investments in our strategic initiatives, including ERP. Based on current market conditions, we anticipate commodity costs to be similar to last year’s level in the second quarter but turn moderately unfavorable in the back half of the fiscal year.
FINANCIAL CONDITION
For the three months ended September 30, 2019, net cash provided by operating activities totaled $40.1 million, as compared to $40.9 million in the prior-year period. This slight decrease was due to the year-over-year change in net working capital, largely offset by higher net income and depreciation and amortization.
Cash used in investing activities for the three months ended September 30, 2019 was $43.3 million, as compared to $9.8 million in the prior year. This increase primarily reflects a higher level of capital expenditures paid. The year-over-year increase in our capital expenditures includes spending on a capacity expansion project at our frozen dinner roll facility in Horse Cave, Kentucky that we expect to complete near the end of the second quarter and the purchase of a manufacturing facility that was previously leased.
Cash used in financing activities for the three months ended September 30, 2019 of $19.6 million increased from the prior-year total of $18.9 million. This increase was primarily due to the higher dividend payments, as partially offset by lower tax withholdings related to stock-based compensation.

21




Under our unsecured revolving credit facility (“Facility”), we may borrow up to a maximum of $150 million at any one time. We had no borrowings outstanding under the Facility at September 30, 2019. At September 30, 2019, we had $5.1 million of standby letters of credit outstanding, which reduced the amount available for borrowing on the Facility. The Facility expires in April 2021, and all outstanding amounts are then due and payable. Interest is variable based upon formulas tied to LIBOR or an alternative base rate defined in the Facility, at our option. We must also pay facility fees that are tied to our then-applicable consolidated leverage ratio. Loans may be used for general corporate purposes. Due to the nature of its terms, when we have outstanding borrowings under the Facility, they will be classified as long-term debt.
The Facility contains certain restrictive covenants, including limitations on indebtedness, asset sales and acquisitions, and financial covenants relating to interest coverage and leverage. At September 30, 2019, we were in compliance with all applicable provisions and covenants of this facility, and we exceeded the requirements of the financial covenants by substantial margins. At September 30, 2019, there were no events that would constitute a default under this facility.
We currently expect to remain in compliance with the Facility’s covenants for the foreseeable future. However, a default under the Facility could accelerate the repayment of any then outstanding indebtedness and limit our access to $75 million of additional credit available under the Facility. Such an event could require a reduction in or curtailment of cash dividends or share repurchases, reduce or delay beneficial expansion or investment plans, or otherwise impact our ability to meet our obligations when due.
We believe that cash provided by operating activities and our existing balances in cash and equivalents, in addition to that available under the Facility, should be adequate to meet our cash requirements through 2020, including the projected levels of capital expenditures and our historic trend of increasing annual dividend payments. Based on our current plans and expectations, we continue to expect our capital expenditures for 2020 could total between $80 and $100 million. If we were to borrow outside of the Facility under current market terms, our average interest rate may increase and have an adverse effect on our results of operations.
CONTRACTUAL OBLIGATIONS
We have various contractual obligations that are appropriately recorded as liabilities in our condensed consolidated financial statements. Certain other contractual obligations are not recognized as liabilities in our condensed consolidated financial statements. Examples of such items are commitments to purchase raw materials or packaging inventory that has not yet been received as of September 30, 2019. There have been no significant changes to the contractual obligations disclosed in our 2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K aside from expected changes in raw-material costs associated with changes in product demand or pricing.
CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES
There have been no changes in critical accounting policies from those policies disclosed in our 2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K. We adopted the new lease accounting guidance on July 1, 2019. See expanded disclosure of lease accounting policies in Note 5 to the condensed consolidated financial statements.
RECENT ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS
Recent accounting pronouncements and their impact on our consolidated financial statements are disclosed in Note 1 to the condensed consolidated financial statements.
FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
We desire to take advantage of the “safe harbor” provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 (the “PSLRA”). This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains various “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the PSLRA and other applicable securities laws. Such statements can be identified by the use of the forward-looking words “anticipate,” “estimate,” “project,” “believe,” “intend,” “plan,” “expect,” “hope” or similar words. These statements discuss future expectations; contain projections regarding future developments, operations or financial conditions; or state other forward-looking information. Such statements are based upon assumptions and assessments made by us in light of our experience and perception of historical trends, current conditions, expected future developments and other factors we believe to be appropriate. These forward-looking statements involve various important risks, uncertainties and other factors that could cause our actual results to differ materially from those expressed in the forward-looking statements. Actual results may differ as a result of factors over which we have no, or limited, control including, without limitation, the specific influences outlined below. Management believes these forward-looking statements to be reasonable; however, one should not place undue reliance on such statements that are based on current expectations. Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date they are made, and we undertake no obligation to update such forward-looking statements, except as required by law.

22




Items which could impact these forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to:
the ability to successfully grow recently acquired businesses;
the extent to which recent and future business acquisitions are completed and acceptably integrated;
difficulties in designing and implementing our new enterprise resource planning system;
cyber-security incidents, information technology disruptions, and data breaches;
price and product competition;
the reaction of customers or consumers to price increases we may implement;
adverse changes in freight, energy or other costs of producing, distributing or transporting our products;
fluctuations in the cost and availability of ingredients and packaging;
the impact of customer store brands on our branded retail volumes;
dependence on contract manufacturers, distributors and freight transporters;
changes in demand for our products, which may result from loss of brand reputation or customer goodwill;
the success and cost of new product development efforts;
dependence on key personnel and changes in key personnel;
the effect of consolidation of customers within key market channels;
the lack of market acceptance of new products;
the possible occurrence of product recalls or other defective or mislabeled product costs;
the potential for loss of larger programs or key customer relationships;
capacity constraints that may affect our ability to meet demand or may increase our costs;
maintenance of competitive position with respect to other manufacturers;
changes in estimates in critical accounting judgments;
the impact of any regulatory matters affecting our food business, including any required labeling changes and their impact on consumer demand;
the outcome of any litigation or arbitration;
efficiencies in plant operations;
stability of labor relations;
adequate supply of skilled labor;
the impact, if any, of certain contingent liabilities associated with our withdrawal from a multiemployer pension plan;
the impact of fluctuations in our pension plan asset values on funding levels, contributions required and benefit costs; and
certain other factors, including the information disclosed in our discussion of risk factors under Item 1A of our 2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Our market risks have not changed materially from those disclosed in our 2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
(a) Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures. As of the end of the period covered by this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”)). Based upon this evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of September 30, 2019 to ensure that information required to be disclosed in the reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is 1) recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission’s rules and forms and 2) accumulated and communicated to our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, in a manner that allows timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
(b) Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting. No changes were made to our internal control over financial reporting (as such term is defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) of the Exchange Act) during our most recent fiscal quarter that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

23





PART II – OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1A. Risk Factors
There have been no material changes to the risk factors disclosed under Item 1A in our 2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
(c) In November 2010, our Board of Directors approved a share repurchase authorization of 2,000,000 common shares, of which 1,344,144 common shares remained authorized for future repurchases at September 30, 2019. This share repurchase authorization does not have a stated expiration date. In the first quarter, we made the following repurchases of our common stock: