Company Quick10K Filing
Quick10K
Lancaster Colony
Closing Price ($) Shares Out (MM) Market Cap ($MM)
$148.86 27 $4,090
10-Q 2019-03-31 Quarter: 2019-03-31
10-Q 2018-12-31 Quarter: 2018-12-31
10-Q 2018-09-30 Quarter: 2018-09-30
10-K 2018-06-30 Annual: 2018-06-30
10-Q 2018-03-31 Quarter: 2018-03-31
10-Q 2017-12-31 Quarter: 2017-12-31
10-Q 2017-09-30 Quarter: 2017-09-30
10-K 2017-06-30 Annual: 2017-06-30
10-Q 2017-03-31 Quarter: 2017-03-31
10-Q 2016-12-31 Quarter: 2016-12-31
10-Q 2016-09-30 Quarter: 2016-09-30
10-K 2016-06-30 Annual: 2016-06-30
10-Q 2016-03-31 Quarter: 2016-03-31
10-Q 2015-12-31 Quarter: 2015-12-31
10-Q 2015-09-30 Quarter: 2015-09-30
10-K 2015-06-30 Annual: 2015-06-30
10-Q 2015-03-31 Quarter: 2015-03-31
10-Q 2014-12-31 Quarter: 2014-12-31
10-Q 2014-09-30 Quarter: 2014-09-30
10-K 2014-06-30 Annual: 2014-06-30
10-Q 2014-03-31 Quarter: 2014-03-31
10-Q 2013-12-31 Quarter: 2013-12-31
8-K 2019-04-25 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2019-03-11 Officers, Exhibits
8-K 2019-01-31 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-11-28 Enter Agreement
8-K 2018-11-16 Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2018-11-14 Officers, Exhibits
8-K 2018-11-13 Enter Agreement, Shareholder Vote, Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-10-26 Officers, Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2018-10-25 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-10-19 Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2018-08-23 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-08-22 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-04-26 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-01-25 Earnings, Exhibits
EPD Enterprise Products Partners 61,940
CWK Cushman & Wakefield 3,890
AVYA Avaya Holdings 1,700
CJ C&J Energy Services 918
CKX CKX Lands 20
ETCK Enerteck 0
REIS Reis 0
SECI Sector 10 0
SOAN Angiosoma 0
DBB Invesco DB Base Metals Fund 0
LANC 2019-03-31
Part I - Financial Information
Item 1. Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
Note 1 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Note 2 - Acquisitions
Note 3 - Revenue Recognition
Note 4 - Fair Value
Note 5 - Long-Term Debt
Note 6 - Commitments and Contingencies
Note 7 - Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets
Note 8 - Income Taxes
Note 9 - Business Segment Information
Note 10 - Stock-Based Compensation
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Part II - Other Information
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Item 6. Exhibits
EX-10.1 lanc-2019331xexhibit101.htm
EX-31.1 lanc-2019331xexhibit311.htm
EX-31.2 lanc-2019331xexhibit312.htm
EX-32 lanc-2019331xexhibit32.htm

Lancaster Colony Earnings 2019-03-31

LANC 10Q Quarterly Report

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow

10-Q 1 lanc-2019331x10q.htm 10-Q Document



UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, DC 20549
Form 10-Q
 
(Mark One)
ý
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2019
or 
¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                     to                    
Commission file number 000-04065 
 
 
 
Lancaster Colony Corporation
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
 
 
 
Ohio
 
13-1955943
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
 
380 Polaris Parkway, Suite 400
Westerville, Ohio
 
43082
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
 
614-224-7141
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ý    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes  ý    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
 
ý
 
Accelerated filer
 
¨
Non-accelerated filer
 
o 
 
Smaller reporting company
 
¨
 
 
 
 
Emerging growth company
 
¨
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.    ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined by Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  ý
As of April 18, 2019, there were approximately 27,505,000 shares of Common Stock, without par value, outstanding.





LANCASTER COLONY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2.
 
 
 
Item 3.
 
 
 
Item 4.
 
 
 
 
 
Item 1A.
 
 
 
Item 2.
 
 
 
Item 6.
 
 
 
 

2




PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
Item 1. Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
LANCASTER COLONY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(UNAUDITED)
(Amounts in thousands, except share data)
March 31, 
 2019
 
June 30, 
 2018
ASSETS
Current Assets:
 
 
 
Cash and equivalents
$
187,389

 
$
205,752

Receivables
81,156

 
72,960

Inventories:
 
 
 
Raw materials
36,407

 
32,673

Finished goods
56,713

 
58,188

Total inventories
93,120

 
90,861

Other current assets
5,640

 
9,304

Total current assets
367,305

 
378,877

Property, Plant and Equipment:
 
 
 
Land, buildings and improvements
147,497

 
132,318

Machinery and equipment
326,061

 
293,409

Total cost
473,558

 
425,727

Less accumulated depreciation
249,060

 
234,914

Property, plant and equipment-net
224,498

 
190,813

Other Assets:
 
 
 
Goodwill
210,429

 
168,030

Other intangible assets-net
71,551

 
56,176

Other noncurrent assets
12,502

 
10,595

Total
$
886,285

 
$
804,491

LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Current Liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
70,390

 
$
57,978

Accrued liabilities
38,407

 
35,789

Total current liabilities
108,797

 
93,767

Other Noncurrent Liabilities
42,464

 
41,638

Deferred Income Taxes
20,016

 
16,804

Commitments and Contingencies

 

Shareholders’ Equity:
 
 
 
Preferred stock-authorized 3,050,000 shares; outstanding-none

 

Common stock-authorized 75,000,000 shares; outstanding-March-27,504,669 shares; June-27,487,989 shares
121,565

 
119,232

Retained earnings
1,344,638

 
1,279,343

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(8,129
)
 
(8,259
)
Common stock in treasury, at cost
(743,066
)
 
(738,034
)
Total shareholders’ equity
715,008

 
652,282

Total
$
886,285

 
$
804,491

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

3




LANCASTER COLONY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(UNAUDITED)
 
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
Nine Months Ended 
 March 31,
(Amounts in thousands, except per share data)
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
Net Sales
$
317,882

 
$
296,174

 
$
984,117

 
$
914,755

Cost of Sales
242,485

 
228,263

 
736,129

 
687,430

Gross Profit
75,397

 
67,911

 
247,988

 
227,325

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses
37,981

 
29,875

 
109,902

 
97,005

Change in Contingent Consideration
88

 
521

 
(9,517
)
 
1,514

Operating Income
37,328

 
37,515

 
147,603

 
128,806

Other, Net
1,329

 
525

 
3,682

 
1,595

Income Before Income Taxes
38,657

 
38,040

 
151,285

 
130,401

Taxes Based on Income
8,053

 
10,419

 
33,746

 
27,474

Net Income
$
30,604

 
$
27,621

 
$
117,539

 
$
102,927

Net Income Per Common Share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
$
1.11

 
$
1.01

 
$
4.28

 
$
3.75

Diluted
$
1.11

 
$
1.00

 
$
4.26

 
$
3.74

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted Average Common Shares Outstanding:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
27,448

 
27,405

 
27,436

 
27,399

Diluted
27,549

 
27,458

 
27,543

 
27,456

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.


4




LANCASTER COLONY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(UNAUDITED)
 
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
Nine Months Ended 
 March 31,
(Amounts in thousands)
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
Net Income
$
30,604

 
$
27,621

 
$
117,539

 
$
102,927

Other Comprehensive Income:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Defined Benefit Pension and Postretirement Benefit Plans:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Amortization of loss, before tax
102

 
134

 
307

 
402

Amortization of prior service credit, before tax
(46
)
 
(45
)
 
(137
)
 
(136
)
Total Other Comprehensive Income, Before Tax
56

 
89

 
170

 
266

Tax Attributes of Items in Other Comprehensive Income:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Amortization of loss, tax
(24
)
 
(41
)
 
(72
)
 
(140
)
Amortization of prior service credit, tax
11

 
14

 
32

 
47

Total Tax Expense
(13
)
 
(27
)
 
(40
)
 
(93
)
Other Comprehensive Income, Net of Tax
43

 
62

 
130

 
173

Comprehensive Income
$
30,647

 
$
27,683

 
$
117,669

 
$
103,100

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.


5




LANCASTER COLONY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(UNAUDITED)
 
 
Nine Months Ended 
 March 31,
(Amounts in thousands)
2019
 
2018
Cash Flows From Operating Activities:
 
 
 
Net income
$
117,539

 
$
102,927

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Impacts of noncash items:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
22,677

 
19,899

Change in contingent consideration
(9,517
)
 
1,514

Deferred income taxes and other changes
3,910

 
(8,633
)
Stock-based compensation expense
4,542

 
3,484

Pension plan activity
(602
)
 
(362
)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Receivables
(6,220
)
 
(6,828
)
Inventories
(766
)
 
(11,738
)
Other current assets
3,080

 
(303
)
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
8,780

 
16,879

Net cash provided by operating activities
143,423

 
116,839

Cash Flows From Investing Activities:
 
 
 
Cash paid for acquisitions, net of cash acquired
(57,540
)
 
(318
)
Payments for property additions
(43,966
)
 
(22,561
)
Other-net
(592
)
 
(36
)
Net cash used in investing activities
(102,098
)
 
(22,915
)
Cash Flows From Financing Activities:
 
 
 
Payment of dividends
(52,244
)
 
(48,044
)
Purchase of treasury stock
(5,032
)
 
(1,102
)
Tax withholdings for stock-based compensation
(2,209
)
 
(552
)
Other-net
(203
)
 

Net cash used in financing activities
(59,688
)
 
(49,698
)
Net change in cash and equivalents
(18,363
)
 
44,226

Cash and equivalents at beginning of year
205,752

 
143,104

Cash and equivalents at end of period
$
187,389

 
$
187,330

Supplemental Disclosure of Operating Cash Flows:
 
 
 
Net cash payments for income taxes
$
25,373

 
$
37,196

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.


6




LANCASTER COLONY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(UNAUDITED)

 
 
Nine Months Ended March 31, 2019
(Amounts in thousands,
except per share data)
 
Common Stock
Outstanding
 
Retained
Earnings
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
 
Treasury
Stock
 
Total
Shareholders’
Equity
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance, June 30, 2018
 
27,488

 
$
119,232

 
$
1,279,343

 
$
(8,259
)
 
$
(738,034
)
 
$
652,282

Net income
 
 
 
 
 
39,028

 
 
 
 
 
39,028

Net pension and postretirement benefit gains, net of $13 tax effect
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
44

 
 
 
44

Cash dividends - common stock ($0.60 per share)
 
 
 
 
 
(16,495
)
 
 
 
 
 
(16,495
)
Purchase of treasury stock
 
(10
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(1,593
)
 
(1,593
)
Stock-based plans
 
12

 
(778
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(778
)
Stock-based compensation expense
 
 
 
1,531

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1,531

Balance, September 30, 2018
 
27,490

 
119,985

 
1,301,876

 
(8,215
)
 
(739,627
)
 
674,019

Net income
 
 
 
 
 
47,907

 
 
 
 
 
47,907

Net pension and postretirement benefit gains, net of $14 tax effect
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
43

 
 
 
43

Cash dividends - common stock ($0.65 per share)
 
 
 
 
 
(17,875
)
 
 
 
 
 
(17,875
)
Purchase of treasury stock
 
(1
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(166
)
 
(166
)
Stock-based plans
 
16

 
(988
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(988
)
Stock-based compensation expense
 
 
 
1,831

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1,831

Balance, December 31, 2018
 
27,505

 
120,828

 
1,331,908

 
(8,172
)
 
(739,793
)
 
704,771

Net income
 
 
 
 
 
30,604

 
 
 
 
 
30,604

Net pension and postretirement benefit gains, net of $13 tax effect
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
43

 
 
 
43

Cash dividends - common stock ($0.65 per share)
 
 
 
 
 
(17,874
)
 
 
 
 
 
(17,874
)
Purchase of treasury stock
 
(21
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(3,273
)
 
(3,273
)
Stock-based plans
 
21

 
(443
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(443
)
Stock-based compensation expense
 
 
 
1,180

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1,180

Balance, March 31, 2019
 
27,505

 
$
121,565

 
$
1,344,638

 
$
(8,129
)
 
$
(743,066
)
 
$
715,008

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.


7




LANCASTER COLONY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY (continued)
(UNAUDITED)

 
 
Nine Months Ended March 31, 2018
(Amounts in thousands,
except per share data)
 
Common Stock
Outstanding
 
Retained
Earnings
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
 
Treasury
Stock
 
Total
Shareholders’
Equity
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance, June 30, 2017
 
27,448

 
$
115,174

 
$
1,206,671

 
$
(8,936
)
 
$
(736,932
)
 
$
575,977

Net income
 
 
 
 
 
29,386

 
 
 
 
 
29,386

Net pension and postretirement benefit gains, net of $33 tax effect
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
56

 
 
 
56

Cash dividends - common stock ($0.55 per share)
 
 
 
 
 
(15,092
)
 
 
 
 
 
(15,092
)
Purchase of treasury stock
 
(7
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(849
)
 
(849
)
Stock-based plans
 
1

 
(95
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(95
)
Stock-based compensation expense
 
 
 
1,163

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1,163

Balance, September 30, 2017
 
27,442

 
116,242

 
1,220,965

 
(8,880
)
 
(737,781
)
 
590,546

Net income
 
 
 
 
 
45,920

 
 
 
 
 
45,920

Net pension and postretirement benefit gains, net of $33 tax effect
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
55

 
 
 
55

Cash dividends - common stock ($0.60 per share)
 
 
 
 
 
(16,469
)
 
 
 
 
 
(16,469
)
Purchase of treasury stock
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(4
)
 
(4
)
Stock-based plans
 
9

 
(189
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(189
)
Stock-based compensation expense
 
 
 
1,150

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1,150

Balance, December 31, 2017
 
27,451

 
117,203

 
1,250,416

 
(8,825
)
 
(737,785
)
 
621,009

Net income
 
 
 
 
 
27,621

 
 
 
 
 
27,621

Net pension and postretirement benefit gains, net of $27 tax effect
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
62

 
 
 
62

Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017, Reclassification from accumulated other comprehensive loss to retained earnings
 
 
 
 
 
1,889

 
(1,889
)
 
 
 

Cash dividends - common stock ($0.60 per share)
 
 
 
 
 
(16,483
)
 
 
 
 
 
(16,483
)
Purchase of treasury stock
 
(2
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(249
)
 
(249
)
Stock-based plans
 
29

 
(268
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(268
)
Stock-based compensation expense
 
 
 
1,171

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1,171

Balance, March 31, 2018
 
27,478

 
$
118,106

 
$
1,263,443

 
$
(10,652
)
 
$
(738,034
)
 
$
632,863

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.


8




LANCASTER COLONY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Tabular amounts in thousands, except per share data)
Note 1 – Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Lancaster Colony Corporation and our wholly-owned subsidiaries, collectively referred to as “we,” “us,” “our,” “registrant” or the “Company” and have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and SEC Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. In our opinion, the interim condensed consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments necessary for a fair presentation of the results of operations and financial position for such periods. All such adjustments reflected in the interim condensed consolidated financial statements are considered to be of a normal recurring nature. Intercompany transactions and accounts have been eliminated in consolidation. The results of operations for any interim period are not necessarily indicative of results for the full year. Accordingly, these condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto contained in our 2018 Annual Report on Form 10-K. Unless otherwise noted, the term “year” and references to a particular year pertain to our fiscal year, which begins on July 1 and ends on June 30; for example, 2019 refers to fiscal 2019, which is the period from July 1, 2018 to June 30, 2019.
Property, Plant and Equipment
Property, plant and equipment are recorded at cost, except for those acquired as part of a business combination, which are recorded at fair value at the time of purchase. We use the straight-line method of computing depreciation for financial reporting purposes based on the estimated useful lives of the corresponding assets. Purchases of property, plant and equipment included in Accounts Payable and excluded from the property additions and the change in accounts payable in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows were as follows: 
 
March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
Construction in progress in Accounts Payable
$
3,131

 
$
1,279

Earnings Per Share
Earnings per share (“EPS”) is computed based on the weighted average number of shares of common stock and common stock equivalents (restricted stock and stock-settled stock appreciation rights) outstanding during each period. Unvested shares of restricted stock granted to employees are considered participating securities since employees receive nonforfeitable dividends prior to vesting and, therefore, are included in the earnings allocation in computing EPS under the two-class method. Basic EPS excludes dilution and is computed by dividing income available to common shareholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted EPS is computed by dividing income available to common shareholders by the diluted weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period, which includes the dilutive potential common shares associated with nonparticipating restricted stock and stock-settled stock appreciation rights.


9


LANCASTER COLONY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Tabular amounts in thousands, except per share data)


Basic and diluted net income per common share were calculated as follows:
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
Nine Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
Net income
$
30,604

 
$
27,621

 
$
117,539

 
$
102,927

Net income available to participating securities
(52
)
 
(58
)
 
(212
)
 
(206
)
Net income available to common shareholders
$
30,552

 
$
27,563

 
$
117,327

 
$
102,721

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average common shares outstanding – basic
27,448

 
27,405

 
27,436

 
27,399

Incremental share effect from:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nonparticipating restricted stock
1

 
2

 
3

 
3

Stock-settled stock appreciation rights
100

 
51

 
104

 
54

Weighted average common shares outstanding – diluted
27,549

 
27,458

 
27,543

 
27,456

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income per common share – basic
$
1.11

 
$
1.01

 
$
4.28

 
$
3.75

Net income per common share – diluted
$
1.11

 
$
1.00

 
$
4.26

 
$
3.74

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
The following table presents the amounts reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive loss by component:
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
Nine Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
Accumulated other comprehensive loss at beginning of period
$
(8,172
)
 
$
(8,825
)
 
$
(8,259
)
 
$
(8,936
)
Defined Benefit Pension Plan Items:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Amortization of unrecognized net loss
111

 
143

 
335

 
429

Postretirement Benefit Plan Items:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Amortization of unrecognized net gain
(9
)
 
(9
)
 
(28
)
 
(27
)
Amortization of prior service credit
(46
)
 
(45
)
 
(137
)
 
(136
)
Total other comprehensive income, before tax
56

 
89

 
170

 
266

Total tax expense
(13
)
 
(27
)
 
(40
)
 
(93
)
Other comprehensive income, net of tax
43

 
62

 
130

 
173

Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017, Reclassification from accumulated other comprehensive loss to retained earnings

 
(1,889
)
 

 
(1,889
)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss at end of period
$
(8,129
)
 
$
(10,652
)
 
$
(8,129
)
 
$
(10,652
)
Significant Accounting Policies
There were no changes to our Significant Accounting Policies from those disclosed in our 2018 Annual Report on Form 10-K. See expanded disclosure of revenue recognition policies in Note 3.
Recently Issued Accounting Standards
In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued new accounting guidance to require lessees to recognize a right-of-use asset and a lease liability for leases with terms of more than 12 months and issued subsequent clarifications of this new guidance. This guidance retains the two classifications of a lease as either an operating or finance lease (previously referred to as a capital lease). Both lease classifications require the lessee to record a right-of-use asset and a lease liability based upon the present value of the lease payments. Finance leases will reflect the financial arrangement by recognizing interest expense on the lease liability separately from the amortization expense of the right-of-use asset. Operating leases will recognize lease expense (with no separate recognition of interest expense) on a straight-line basis over the term of the lease. The guidance requires expanded qualitative and quantitative disclosures, including additional information about the amounts recorded in the consolidated financial statements. The guidance will be effective for us in fiscal 2020, including interim periods. In July 2018, the FASB issued guidance that allows for an alternate transition method whereby companies can

10


LANCASTER COLONY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Tabular amounts in thousands, except per share data)


recognize a cumulative-effect adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings in the period of adoption rather than restating comparative periods. We expect to elect this alternate transition method. While the adoption of this guidance will result in a significant increase in the balances of right-of-use assets and lease liabilities on our Consolidated Balance Sheet, we do not expect the adoption to impact our results of operations or cash flows. We are currently assessing the impact that this standard will have on our accounting policies, processes, system requirements, internal controls and disclosures. We have completed an initial review of our leases and have implemented lease accounting software, and we are preparing to calculate the adoption impact on our financial statements.
In August 2018, the FASB issued new accounting guidance related to the disclosure requirements for fair value measurements. The guidance removes, modifies and adds disclosures related to fair value. The amendments on changes in unrealized gains and losses, the range and weighted average of significant unobservable inputs used to develop Level 3 fair value measurements, and the narrative description of measurement uncertainty should be applied prospectively for only the most recent interim or annual period presented in the initial fiscal year of adoption. All other amendments should be applied retrospectively to all periods presented upon their effective date. This guidance will be effective for us in fiscal 2021, including interim periods. As the guidance only relates to disclosures, there will be no impact on our financial position or results of operations.
Recently Adopted Accounting Standards
In May 2014, the FASB issued new accounting guidance for the recognition of revenue and issued subsequent clarifications of this new guidance in 2016 and 2017. The core principle of the new guidance states that an entity should recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. This model is based on a control approach. We completed a review of customer contracts and evaluated the impact of the new standard on certain common practices employed by us. We also finalized our assessment of the impact on our accounting policies, processes, system requirements, internal controls and disclosures using internal resources and the assistance of a qualified third party expert. We adopted the new guidance on July 1, 2018 using a modified retrospective approach; however, we did not record a cumulative-effect adjustment from initially applying the standard as the adoption did not have a material impact on our financial position or results of operations. See additional revenue recognition disclosures in Note 3.
In March 2017, the FASB issued new accounting guidance to improve the presentation of net periodic pension cost and net periodic postretirement benefit cost by disaggregating the service cost component from the other components of net periodic benefit cost. The amendments require an employer to present service cost in the same line item(s) as compensation costs for the pertinent employees whereas the other components of net periodic benefit cost must be reported separately from service cost and outside of income from operations. The amendments also allow only the service cost component to be eligible for capitalization. The amendments require retrospective application for the income statement presentation provisions and prospective application for the capitalization of the service cost component. However, as a result of prior years’ restructuring activities, we no longer have any active employees continuing to accrue service cost. Therefore, the service cost provisions are not applicable to us. We adopted the new guidance on July 1, 2018, and this adoption resulted in changes in classification on the income statement for all periods presented. The changes were not material.
In August 2018, the FASB issued new accounting guidance to align the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred in a hosting arrangement that is a service contract with the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred to develop or obtain internal-use software. Costs for implementation activities in the application development stage are capitalized depending on the nature of the costs, while costs incurred during the preliminary project and postimplementation stages are expensed as the activities are performed. The guidance also requires such capitalized implementation costs to be expensed over the term of the hosting arrangement and advises on related presentation within the statement of financial position, the statement of income and statement of cash flows. The guidance will be effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2019 and should be applied either retrospectively or prospectively to all implementation costs incurred after the date of adoption. Early adoption is permitted. We adopted this guidance in the first quarter of fiscal 2019 on a prospective basis. The adoption resulted in a change in accounting principle, to capitalize certain costs instead of expensing them immediately. The costs capitalized under this new guidance were not material to our condensed consolidated financial statements.
In August 2018, the FASB issued new accounting guidance related to the disclosure requirements for defined benefit plans. The guidance removes, adds and clarifies disclosure requirements related to defined benefit pension or other postretirement plans. The guidance will be effective for fiscal years ending after December 15, 2020 and should be applied on a retrospective basis to all periods presented. Early adoption is permitted. We adopted this guidance in the first quarter of fiscal 2019. As the guidance only relates to disclosures, there was no impact on our financial position or results of operations. Changes to our annual disclosures for defined benefit pension plans will be included in our 2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K.

11


LANCASTER COLONY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Tabular amounts in thousands, except per share data)


Note 2 – Acquisitions
Bantam Bagels, LLC
On October 19, 2018, we acquired all the assets of Bantam Bagels, LLC (“Bantam”). Bantam, a producer and marketer of frozen mini stuffed bagels and mini stuffed pancakes sold to both the retail and foodservice channels, is based in New York, New York. The base purchase price of $33.1 million, which includes the post-closing working capital adjustment, was funded with cash on hand. This purchase price excludes contingent consideration relating to an additional earn-out payment which is tied to performance-based conditions. In general, the terms of the acquisition specify that the sellers will receive an earn-out based upon a pre-determined multiple of the defined adjusted EBITDA of Bantam for the twelve months ending December 31, 2023. We are unable to provide a range for the amount of this earn-out because it is based on the future adjusted EBITDA of Bantam, and the earn-out does not contain a minimum or maximum value. See further discussion of the earn-out in Note 4. Bantam’s results of operations are allocated between our Retail and Foodservice segments in a manner consistent with our current segment allocations. These results have been included in our condensed consolidated financial statements from the date of acquisition. This acquisition is not significant to our financial position or results of operations.
The following table summarizes the consideration related to the acquisition and the purchase price allocation based on the fair value of the net assets acquired. The initial fair value of the contingent consideration is a noncash investing activity.
Consideration
 
Cash paid for acquisition
$
33,111

Contingent consideration - fair value of earn-out at date of closing
8,000

Fair value of total consideration
$
41,111

 
 
Purchase Price Allocation
 
Receivables
$
1,937

Inventories
684

Other current assets
95

Machinery and equipment
1,896

Goodwill (tax deductible)
20,677

Other intangible assets
18,700

Current liabilities
(2,256
)
Other noncurrent liabilities
(622
)
Net assets acquired
$
41,111

Further adjustments are not expected to the allocation above.
The goodwill recognized above arose because the purchase price for Bantam reflects a number of factors including the future earnings and cash flow potential of Bantam, as well as the impact of the inclusion of the initial fair value of the earn-out associated with the acquisition. Bantam is a fast growing, on-trend business with distribution in traditional grocery, club stores, e-commerce and foodservice. Notably, in the foodservice channel, Bantam Bagels® bagel bites are available at corporate-owned Starbucks® cafes nationwide. Bantam also provides innovation opportunities within and beyond our present product lines. A small amount of goodwill also resulted from the workforce acquired with Bantam.
We have determined values and lives of the other intangible assets listed in the allocation above as: $12.8 million for the tradename with a 20-year life; $3.3 million for the customer relationships with a 10-year life and $2.6 million for the technology / know-how with a 10-year life.
Pro forma results of operations have not been presented herein as the acquisition was not material to our results of operations.

12


LANCASTER COLONY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Tabular amounts in thousands, except per share data)


Omni Baking Company LLC
On November 16, 2018, we acquired all the assets of Omni Baking Company LLC (“Omni”). Omni has been a long-time supplier of products to our frozen garlic bread operations and is based in Vineland, New Jersey. The purchase price of $24.4 million, which is subject to post-closing adjustments, was funded with cash on hand. Omni’s results of operations are allocated between our Retail and Foodservice segments in a manner consistent with our current segment allocations. These results have been included in our condensed consolidated financial statements from the date of acquisition. This acquisition is not significant to our financial position or results of operations.
The following table summarizes the preliminary purchase price allocation based on the fair value of the net assets acquired.
Preliminary Purchase Price Allocation
 
Inventories
$
809

Other current assets
180

Machinery and equipment
4,777

Goodwill (tax deductible)
21,722

Current liabilities
(3,059
)
Net assets acquired
$
24,429

Further adjustments may occur to the allocation above as certain aspects of the transaction are finalized during the measurement period, including the post-closing working capital adjustment. In addition to the machinery and equipment acquired, we also assumed an operating lease for Omni’s production facility with future minimum rental commitments totaling $7.2 million as of the date of acquisition. This lease continues through December 2026.
The goodwill recognized above arose because the purchase price for Omni reflects a number of factors including the production capabilities of the leased facility and the ability to expand production in the future. Goodwill also resulted from the workforce acquired with Omni. Due to the transitional nature of the foodservice operations, which are related to an interim supply agreement, no goodwill was allocated to the Foodservice segment.
Due to the unique nature of this acquisition, we did not identify any intangible assets apart from goodwill.
Pro forma results of operations have not been presented herein as the acquisition was not material to our results of operations.
Note 3 – Revenue Recognition
We adopted the new revenue recognition guidance on July 1, 2018 using a modified retrospective approach; however, we did not record a cumulative-effect adjustment from initially applying the standard as the adoption did not have a material impact on our financial position or results of operations. We completed a review of customer contracts and evaluated the impact of the new standard on certain common practices employed by us. We also finalized our assessment of the impact on our accounting policies, processes, system requirements, internal controls and disclosures using internal resources and the assistance of a qualified third party expert.
When Performance Obligations Are Satisfied
A performance obligation is a promise in a contract to transfer a distinct good or service to the customer and is the unit of account for revenue recognition. A contract’s transaction price is allocated to each distinct performance obligation and recognized as revenue when, or as, the performance obligation is satisfied. The singular performance obligation of our customer contracts is determined by each individual purchase order and the respective food products ordered, with revenue being recognized at a point-in-time when the obligation under the terms of the agreement is satisfied and product control is transferred to our customer. Specifically, control transfers to our customers when the product is delivered to or picked up by our customers based upon applicable shipping terms, as our customers can direct the use and obtain substantially all of the remaining benefits from the asset at this point in time. The performance obligations in our customer contracts are generally satisfied within 30 days. As such, we have not disclosed the transaction price allocated to remaining performance obligations as of March 31, 2019.

13


LANCASTER COLONY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Tabular amounts in thousands, except per share data)


Significant Payment Terms
In general, within our customer contracts, the purchase order identifies the product, quantity, price, pick-up allowances, payment terms and final delivery terms. Payment terms usually include early pay discounts. We grant payment terms consistent with industry standards. Although some payment terms may be more extended, presently the majority of our payment terms are less than 60 days. As a result, we have used the available practical expedient and, consequently, do not adjust our revenues for the effects of a significant financing component.
Shipping
All shipping and handling costs associated with outbound freight are accounted for as fulfillment costs and are included in our cost of sales; this includes shipping and handling costs incurred after control over a product has transferred to a customer, as we have chosen to use the available practical expedient to account for these costs within our cost of sales.
Variable Consideration
In addition to fixed contract consideration, our contracts include some form of variable consideration, including sales discounts, returns, trade promotions and certain other sales and consumer incentives, including rebates and coupon redemptions. In general, variable consideration is treated as a reduction in revenue when the related revenue is recognized. Depending on the specific type of variable consideration, we use either the expected value or most likely amount method to determine the variable consideration. We believe there will be no significant changes to our estimates of variable consideration when any related uncertainties are resolved with our customers. We review and update our estimates and related accruals of variable consideration each period based on historical experience and any recent changes in the market.
Warranties & Returns
We provide all customers with a standard or assurance type warranty. Either stated or implied, we provide assurance the related products will comply with all agreed-upon specifications and other warranties provided under the law. No services beyond an assurance warranty are provided to our customers.
We do not grant a general right of return. However, customers may return defective or non-conforming products. Customer remedies may include either a cash refund or an exchange of the product. As a result, the right of return and related refund liability is estimated and recorded as a reduction in revenue. This return estimate is reviewed and updated each period and is based on historical sales and return experience.
Contract Balances
We do not have deferred revenue or unbilled receivable balances and thus do not have any related contract asset and liability balances as of March 31, 2019.
Contract Costs
We have identified sales commissions as an incremental cost incurred to obtain a customer contract. These costs are required to be capitalized under the new revenue recognition standard. We have chosen to use the available practical expedient to continue to expense these costs as incurred as the amortization period for such costs is one year or less. We do not incur significant fulfillment costs related to customer contracts which would require capitalization.
Disaggregation of Revenue
See Note 9 for disaggregation of our net sales by class of similar product and type of customer.
Note 4 – Fair Value
Fair value is defined as the exit price, or the amount that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants as of the measurement date. GAAP sets forth a three-level fair value hierarchy, which prioritizes the inputs used in measuring fair value. The three levels are as follows:
Level 1 – defined as observable inputs, such as quoted market prices in active markets.
Level 2 – defined as inputs other than quoted prices in active markets that are either directly or indirectly observable.
Level 3 – defined as unobservable inputs in which little or no market data exists, therefore, requiring an entity to develop its own assumptions.

14


LANCASTER COLONY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Tabular amounts in thousands, except per share data)


Our financial assets and liabilities subject to the three-level fair value hierarchy consist principally of cash and equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable, contingent consideration payable and defined benefit pension plan assets. The estimated fair value of cash and equivalents, accounts receivable and accounts payable approximates their carrying value.
Our contingent consideration, which resulted from the earn-outs associated with our acquisitions of Bantam and Angelic Bakehouse, Inc. (“Angelic”), is measured at fair value on a recurring basis and is included in Other Noncurrent Liabilities on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. The following table summarizes our contingent consideration:
 
Fair Value Measurements at March 31, 2019
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
Contingent consideration - Bantam
$

 
$

 
$
8,183

 
$
8,183

Contingent consideration - Angelic

 

 
7,380

 
7,380

Total contingent consideration
$

 
$

 
$
15,563

 
$
15,563

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fair Value Measurements at June 30, 2018
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
Contingent consideration - Bantam
$

 
$

 
$

 
$

Contingent consideration - Angelic

 

 
17,080

 
17,080

Total contingent consideration
$

 
$

 
$
17,080

 
$
17,080

Bantam Contingent Consideration
This contingent consideration resulted from the earn-out associated with our October 19, 2018 acquisition of Bantam. In general, the terms of the acquisition specify the sellers will receive an earn-out based upon a pre-determined multiple of the defined adjusted EBITDA of Bantam for the twelve months ending December 31, 2023. The initial fair value of the contingent consideration was determined to be $8.0 million, which includes a refinement to the purchase price allocation in the current quarter related to a change in assumptions. The fair value is measured on a recurring basis using a Monte Carlo simulation that randomly changes revenue, EBITDA and other uncertain variables to estimate an expected value. This fair value measurement is based on significant inputs not observable in the market and thus represents a Level 3 measurement within the fair value hierarchy.
The following table represents our Level 3 fair value measurements using significant other unobservable inputs for Bantam’s contingent consideration:
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
Nine Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
Contingent consideration at beginning of period
$
8,995

 
$

 
$

 
$

Initial fair value - (reductions)/additions
(900
)
 

 
8,000

 

Change in contingent consideration included in operating income
88

 

 
183

 

Contingent consideration at end of period
$
8,183

 
$

 
$
8,183

 
$

Angelic Contingent Consideration
This contingent consideration resulted from the earn-out associated with our November 17, 2016 acquisition of Angelic. In general, the terms of the acquisition specify the sellers will receive an earn-out based upon a pre-determined multiple of the defined adjusted EBITDA of Angelic for fiscal 2021. The initial fair value of the contingent consideration was determined to be $13.9 million. The fair value is measured on a recurring basis using a present value approach, which incorporates factors such as business risks and projections, to estimate an expected value. This fair value measurement is based on significant inputs not observable in the market and thus represents a Level 3 measurement within the fair value hierarchy. Our December 31, 2018 fair value measurement resulted in a $9.7 million reduction in the fair value of Angelic’s contingent consideration based on a change in Angelic’s forecasted adjusted EBITDA for fiscal 2021. This adjustment was recorded in our Retail segment.

15


LANCASTER COLONY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Tabular amounts in thousands, except per share data)


The following table represents our Level 3 fair value measurements using significant other unobservable inputs for Angelic’s contingent consideration:
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
Nine Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
Contingent consideration at beginning of period
$
7,380

 
$
16,021

 
$
17,080

 
$
15,028

Change in contingent consideration included in operating income

 
521

 
(9,700
)
 
1,514

Contingent consideration at end of period
$
7,380

 
$
16,542

 
$
7,380

 
$
16,542

Note 5 – Long-Term Debt
At March 31, 2019 and June 30, 2018, we had an unsecured credit facility (“Facility”) under which we could borrow, on a revolving credit basis, up to a maximum of $150 million at any one time, with potential to expand the total credit availability to $225 million subject to us obtaining consent of the issuing banks and certain other conditions. The Facility expires on April 8, 2021, and all outstanding amounts are then due and payable. Interest is variable based upon formulas tied to LIBOR or an alternative base rate defined in the Facility, at our option. We must also pay facility fees that are tied to our then-applicable consolidated leverage ratio. Loans may be used for general corporate purposes. Due to the nature of its terms, when we have outstanding borrowings under the Facility, they will be classified as long-term debt.
At March 31, 2019 and June 30, 2018, we had no borrowings outstanding under the Facility. At March 31, 2019 and June 30, 2018, we had $5.1 million of standby letters of credit outstanding, which reduced the amount available for borrowing on the Facility. We paid no interest for the three and nine months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018.
The Facility contains certain restrictive covenants, including limitations on indebtedness, asset sales and acquisitions. There are two principal financial covenants: an interest expense test that requires us to maintain an interest coverage ratio not less than 2.5 to 1 at the end of each fiscal quarter; and an indebtedness test that requires us to maintain a consolidated leverage ratio not greater than 3 to 1 at all times. The interest coverage ratio is calculated by dividing Consolidated EBIT by Consolidated Interest Expense, and the leverage ratio is calculated by dividing Consolidated Debt by Consolidated EBITDA. All financial terms used in the covenant calculations are defined more specifically in the Facility.
Note 6 – Commitments and Contingencies
At March 31, 2019, we were a party to various claims and litigation matters arising in the ordinary course of business. Such matters did not have a material effect on the current-year results of operations and, in our opinion, their ultimate disposition will not have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements.
We have a significant commitment of approximately $40 million related to a capacity expansion project at our frozen dinner roll facility in Horse Cave, Kentucky.
With our acquisitions of Angelic and Bantam, we have contingent liabilities recorded for the earn-outs associated with these transactions. See further discussion in Note 4.
Note 7 – Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets
Goodwill attributable to the Retail and Foodservice segments was $159.5 million and $51.0 million, respectively, at March 31, 2019 compared to $119.3 million and $48.7 million, respectively, at June 30, 2018. The increase in goodwill is the result of the acquisitions of Bantam in October 2018 and Omni in November 2018. See further discussion in Note 2.
The following table is a rollforward of goodwill by reportable segment from June 30, 2018 to March 31, 2019:
 
Retail
 
Foodservice
 
Total
Goodwill at beginning of year
$
119,301

 
$
48,729

 
$
168,030

Goodwill acquired during the period - Bantam
18,431

 
2,246

 
20,677

Goodwill acquired during the period - Omni
21,722

 

 
21,722

Goodwill at end of period
$
159,454

 
$
50,975

 
$
210,429


16


LANCASTER COLONY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Tabular amounts in thousands, except per share data)


The following table summarizes our identifiable other intangible assets. The intangible asset values and lives related to the acquisition of Bantam are included in the table below. See further discussion in Note 2.
 
March 31, 
 2019
 
June 30, 
 2018
Tradenames (20 to 30-year life)
 
 
 
Gross carrying value
$
63,121

 
$
50,321

Accumulated amortization
(6,688
)
 
(5,071
)
Net carrying value
$
56,433

 
$
45,250

Customer Relationships (10 to 15-year life)
 
 
 
Gross carrying value
$
17,507

 
$
14,207

Accumulated amortization
(9,277
)
 
(8,283
)
Net carrying value
$
8,230

 
$
5,924

Technology / Know-how (10-year life)
 
 
 
Gross carrying value
$
8,950

 
$
6,350

Accumulated amortization
(2,277
)
 
(1,682
)
Net carrying value
$
6,673

 
$
4,668

Non-compete Agreements (5-year life)
 
 
 
Gross carrying value
$
791

 
$
791

Accumulated amortization
(576
)
 
(457
)
Net carrying value
$
215

 
$
334

Total net carrying value
$
71,551

 
$
56,176

Amortization expense for our other intangible assets, which is reflected in Selling, General and Administrative Expenses, was as follows:
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
Nine Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
Amortization expense
$
1,273

 
$
1,007

 
$
3,325

 
$
2,980

Total annual amortization expense for each of the next five years is estimated to be as follows:
 
 
2020
$
5,061

2021
$
4,976

2022
$
4,902

2023
$
4,343

2024
$
4,343

Note 8 – Income Taxes
The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (“Tax Act”) was signed into law on December 22, 2017 with an effective date of January 1, 2018. Most notably, the Tax Act reduced the statutory federal income tax rate for corporations from 35% to 21%. The statutory federal income tax rate for our 2019 tax return will be 21%.
The SEC issued Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 118 (“SAB 118”) on December 22, 2017. SAB 118 allowed for a measurement period in which companies can either use provisional estimates for changes resulting from the Tax Act or apply the tax laws that were in effect immediately prior to the Tax Act being enacted if estimates cannot be determined at the time of the preparation of the financial statements until the actual impacts can be determined. We recorded an initial estimate of the impact of the Tax Act within our December 31, 2017 financial statements, and the adjustments recorded in the second half of 2018 were not material. The measurement period has ended, and we have completed the accounting for all the impacts of the Tax Act.
Accrued federal income taxes of $1.1 million were included in Accrued Liabilities at March 31, 2019. Prepaid federal income taxes of $3.6 million and prepaid state and local income taxes of $0.9 million were included in Other Current Assets at June 30, 2018. Prepaid state and local income taxes were an immaterial amount at March 31, 2019.

17


LANCASTER COLONY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Tabular amounts in thousands, except per share data)


Note 9 – Business Segment Information
Our financial results are presented as two reportable segments: Retail and Foodservice. Costs that are directly attributable to either Retail or Foodservice are charged directly to the appropriate segment. Costs that are deemed to be indirect, excluding corporate expenses and other unusual significant transactions, are allocated to the two reportable segments using a reasonable methodology that is consistently applied.
Retail - The vast majority of the products we sell in the Retail segment are sold through sales personnel, food brokers and distributors in the United States. We have placement of products in grocery produce departments through our refrigerated salad dressings, vegetable dips and fruit dips. Our flatbread products and sprouted grain bakery products are generally placed in the specialty bakery/deli section of the grocery store. We also have products typically marketed in the shelf-stable section of the grocery store, which include salad dressing, slaw dressing and croutons. Within the frozen food section of the grocery store, we sell yeast rolls, garlic breads and mini stuffed bagels.
Foodservice - The vast majority of the products we sell in the Foodservice segment are sold through sales personnel, food brokers and distributors in the United States. Most of the products we sell in the Foodservice segment are custom-formulated and include salad dressings, sandwich and dipping sauces, frozen breads and yeast rolls. The majority of our Foodservice sales are products sold under private label to restaurants. We also manufacture and sell various branded Foodservice products to distributors. Finally, within this segment, we sell other roll products under a transitional co-packing arrangement resulting from the Omni acquisition.
As many of our products are similar between our two segments, our procurement, manufacturing, warehousing and distribution activities are substantially integrated across our operations in order to maximize efficiency and productivity. Consequently, we do not prepare, and our Chief Operating Decision Maker does not review, separate balance sheets for the reportable segments. As such, our external reporting does not include the presentation of identifiable assets by reportable segment. The composition of our identifiable assets at March 31, 2019 is generally consistent with that of June 30, 2018. However, due to the acquisitions of Bantam in October 2018 and Omni in November 2018, the amount of Retail and Foodservice assets increased as compared to June 30, 2018.
We continue to evaluate our Retail and Foodservice segments based on net sales and operating income which follow:
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
Nine Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
Net Sales
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Retail
$
153,038

 
$
152,011

 
$
502,088

 
$
493,441

Foodservice
164,844

 
144,163

 
482,029

 
421,314

Total
$
317,882

 
$
296,174

 
$
984,117

 
$
914,755

Operating Income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Retail
$
24,082

 
$
26,324

 
$
102,815

 
$
96,511

Foodservice
17,124

 
14,297

 
55,390

 
42,398

Corporate Expenses
(3,878
)
 
(3,106
)
 
(10,602
)
 
(10,103
)
Total
$
37,328

 
$
37,515

 
$
147,603

 
$
128,806


18


LANCASTER COLONY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Tabular amounts in thousands, except per share data)


The following table sets forth net sales disaggregated by class of similar products for the Retail and Foodservice segments:
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
Nine Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
Retail
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Frozen breads
$
59,846

 
$
56,360

 
$
207,256

 
$
202,843

Refrigerated dressings, dips and other
47,900

 
50,327

 
164,973

 
164,785

Shelf-stable dressings and croutons
45,292

 
45,324

 
129,859

 
125,813

Total Retail net sales
$
153,038

 
$
152,011

 
$
502,088

 
$
493,441

Foodservice
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Dressings and sauces
$
115,746

 
$
108,757

 
$
347,583

 
$
316,202

Frozen breads and other
41,230

 
35,406

 
122,742

 
105,112

Other roll products
7,868

 

 
11,704

 

Total Foodservice net sales
$
164,844

 
$
144,163

 
$
482,029

 
$
421,314

Total net sales
$
317,882

 
$
296,174

 
$
984,117

 
$
914,755

The following table provides an additional disaggregation of Foodservice net sales by type of customer:
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
Nine Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
Foodservice
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
National accounts
$
119,875

 
$
108,406

 
$
356,102

 
$
314,180

Branded and other
37,101

 
35,757

 
114,223

 
107,134

Other roll products
7,868

 

 
11,704

 

Total Foodservice net sales
$
164,844

 
$
144,163

 
$
482,029

 
$
421,314

Note 10 – Stock-Based Compensation
There have been no changes to our stock-based compensation plans from those disclosed in our 2018 Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Our stock-settled stock appreciation rights (“SSSARs”) compensation expense was $0.7 million and $0.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. Year-to-date SSSARs compensation expense was $2.3 million for the current-year period compared to $1.7 million for the prior-year period. At March 31, 2019, there was $5.5 million of unrecognized compensation expense related to SSSARs that we will recognize over a weighted-average period of 2 years.
Our restricted stock compensation expense was $0.5 million and $0.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. Year-to-date restricted stock compensation expense was $2.2 million for the current-year period compared to $1.8 million for the prior-year period. At March 31, 2019, there was $4.2 million of unrecognized compensation expense related to restricted stock that we will recognize over a weighted-average period of 2 years.

19




Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Our fiscal year begins on July 1 and ends on June 30. Unless otherwise noted, references to “year” pertain to our fiscal year; for example, 2019 refers to fiscal 2019, which is the period from July 1, 2018 to June 30, 2019.
The following discussion should be read in conjunction with our condensed consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto, all included elsewhere in this report, and our 2018 Annual Report on Form 10-K. The forward-looking statements in this section and other parts of this report involve risks, uncertainties and other factors, including statements regarding our plans, objectives, goals, strategies, and financial performance. Our actual results could differ materially from the results anticipated in these forward-looking statements due to these factors. For more information, see the section below entitled “Forward-Looking Statements.”
OVERVIEW
Business Overview
Lancaster Colony Corporation is a manufacturer and marketer of specialty food products for the retail and foodservice channels.
Our financial results are presented as two reportable segments: Retail and Foodservice. Costs that are directly attributable to either Retail or Foodservice are charged directly to the appropriate segment. Costs that are deemed to be indirect, excluding corporate expenses and other unusual significant transactions, are allocated to the two reportable segments using a reasonable methodology that is consistently applied.
Over 95% of our products are sold in the United States. Foreign operations and export sales have not been significant in the past and are not expected to be significant in the future based upon existing operations. We do not have any fixed assets located outside of the United States.
Our business has the potential to achieve future growth in sales and profitability due to attributes such as:
leading Retail market positions in several product categories with a high-quality perception;
recognized innovation in Retail products;
a broad customer base in both Retail and Foodservice accounts;
well-regarded culinary expertise among Foodservice customers;
recognized leadership in Foodservice product development;
experience in integrating complementary business acquisitions; and
historically strong cash flow generation that supports growth opportunities.
Our goal is to grow both Retail and Foodservice segment sales over time by:
introducing new products and expanding distribution;
leveraging the strength of our Retail brands to increase current product sales;
continuing to rely upon the strength of our reputation in Foodservice product development and quality; and
acquiring complementary businesses.
We continue to review potential acquisitions that we believe will complement our existing product lines, enhance our profitability and/or offer good expansion opportunities in a manner that fits our overall strategic goals.
Consistent with this acquisition strategy, in October 2018 we acquired, using available cash on hand, all the assets of Bantam Bagels, LLC (“Bantam”), a producer and marketer of frozen mini stuffed bagels and mini stuffed pancakes sold to both the retail and foodservice channels. Also, in November 2018 we acquired, using available cash on hand, all the assets of Omni Baking Company LLC (“Omni”), a long-time supplier of products to our frozen garlic bread operations. See further discussion of these acquisitions in Note 2 to the condensed consolidated financial statements.
We have made substantial capital investments to support our existing operations and future growth opportunities. Based on our current plans and expectations, we believe our capital expenditures for 2019 will total approximately $70 million, which includes a substantial investment for a capacity expansion project at our frozen dinner roll facility in Horse Cave, Kentucky that we expect to complete in mid-2020. We are nearing the completion of a dedicated R&D center in central Ohio that will benefit both the Retail and Foodservice segments, and we are also investing in production capacity and increased automation at Angelic Bakehouse, Inc. (“Angelic”) to improve efficiencies in production. We have recently commenced several projects to expand packaging capacity and end-of-line automation for both segments. We will fund our remaining capital needs in 2019 with cash generated from operations and cash on hand.

20




RESULTS OF CONSOLIDATED OPERATIONS
Net Sales and Gross Profit
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
 
 
 
 
Nine Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
 
 
 
(Dollars in thousands)
2019
 
2018
 
Change
 
2019
 
2018
 
Change
Net Sales
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

Retail
$
153,038

 
$
152,011

 
$
1,027

 
1
%
 
$
502,088

 
$
493,441

 
$
8,647

 
2
%
Foodservice
164,844

 
144,163

 
20,681

 
14
%
 
482,029

 
421,314

 
60,715

 
14
%
Total
$
317,882

 
$
296,174

 
$
21,708

 
7
%
 
$
984,117

 
$
914,755

 
$
69,362

 
8
%
Gross Profit
$
75,397

 
$
67,911

 
$
7,486

 
11
%
 
$
247,988

 
$
227,325

 
$
20,663

 
9
%
Gross Margin
23.7
%
 
22.9
%
 
 
 
 
 
25.2
%
 
24.9
%
 
 
 
 
Consolidated net sales for the three months ended March 31, 2019 increased 7% to a third quarter record $317.9 million versus $296.2 million last year. Excluding net sales attributed to the acquisitions of Bantam and Omni, consolidated net sales increased 3% for the quarter. Consolidated net sales for the nine months ended March 31, 2019 increased 8%. Excluding net sales attributed to the acquisitions of Bantam and Omni, consolidated net sales increased 6% for the year-to-date period.
Consolidated gross margins for the three and nine months ended March 31, 2019 increased compared to the prior-year periods. The increases were driven by higher sales volumes, the impact of pricing actions and continued cost savings in manufacturing and procurement attributed to our lean six sigma program partially offset by integration costs associated with the Omni operations, investments to support expanding retail distribution of Bantam and higher warehousing costs. Consolidated gross margins for the nine months ended March 31, 2019 also reflect expenses resulting from our discontinuation of the Marzetti® Simple Harvest® line of refrigerated dips and increased freight costs.
Selling, General and Administrative Expenses
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
 
 
 
 
Nine Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
 
 
 
(Dollars in thousands)
2019
 
2018
 
Change
 
2019
 
2018
 
Change
SG&A Expenses
$
37,981

 
$
29,875

 
$
8,106

 
27
%
 
$
109,902

 
$
97,005

 
$
12,897

 
13
%
SG&A Expenses as a Percentage of Net Sales
11.9
%
 
10.1
%
 
 
 
 
 
11.2
%
 
10.6
%
 
 
 
 
Selling, general and administrative (“SG&A”) expenses increased 27% for the three months ended March 31, 2019. The increase in these costs was driven by a higher level of investment in retail brand marketing, most notably for New York BRAND Bakery® as we withheld spending behind that brand in the prior year due to disruptions in the supply of our frozen garlic bread products. SG&A expenses also reflect increased investments in personnel and the impact of recent acquisitions, including salaries, consumer spending and amortization.
SG&A expenses increased 13% for the nine months ended March 31, 2019 and also include the impact of transaction expenses for the Bantam and Omni acquisitions in addition to severance costs incurred during our fiscal second quarter.
Change in Contingent Consideration
The change in contingent consideration resulted in expense of $0.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and a net benefit of $9.5 million for the nine months ended March 31, 2019. The net benefit for the current year-to-date period reflects a $9.7 million reduction in the fair value of Angelic’s contingent consideration liability as a result of our December 31, 2018 fair value measurement. See further discussion in Note 4 to the condensed consolidated financial statements.
Given the nature of Angelic’s sales and historical accounting treatment, the entire adjustment related to Angelic’s contingent consideration was reflected within the Retail segment.


21




Operating Income
The foregoing factors contributed to consolidated operating income totaling $37.3 million and $147.6 million for the three and nine months ended March 31, 2019, respectively. Our operating income by segment was as follows:
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
 
 
 
 
Nine Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
 
 
 
(Dollars in thousands)
2019
 
2018
 
Change
 
2019
 
2018
 
Change
Operating Income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Retail
$
24,082

 
$
26,324

 
$
(2,242
)
 
(9
)%
 
$
102,815

 
$
96,511

 
$
6,304

 
7
%
Foodservice
17,124

 
14,297

 
2,827

 
20
 %
 
55,390

 
42,398

 
12,992

 
31
%
Corporate Expenses
(3,878
)
 
(3,106
)
 
(772
)
 
25
 %
 
(10,602
)
 
(10,103
)
 
(499
)
 
5
%
Total
$
37,328

 
$
37,515

 
$
(187
)
 
 %
 
$
147,603

 
$
128,806

 
$
18,797

 
15
%
Operating Margin
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Retail
15.7
%
 
17.3
%
 
 
 
 
 
20.5
%
 
19.6
%
 
 
 
 
Foodservice
10.4
%
 
9.9
%
 
 
 
 
 
11.5
%
 
10.1
%
 
 
 
 
Total
11.7
%
 
12.7
%
 
 
 
 
 
15.0
%
 
14.1
%
 
 
 
 
See discussion of operating results by segment following the discussion of “Net Income” below.
Income Before Income Taxes
As impacted by the factors discussed above, coupled with higher levels of interest income, income before income taxes for the three months ended March 31, 2019 increased by $0.7 million to $38.7 million from the prior-year total of $38.0 million. Income before income taxes for the nine months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 was $151.3 million and $130.4 million, respectively.
Taxes Based on Income
Taxes based on income increased to $33.7 million for the nine months ended March 31, 2019 from the prior-year total of $27.5 million. Our effective tax rate was 22.3% and 21.1% for the nine months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. The current-year and prior-year income tax expense and rate were favorably impacted by the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (“Tax Act”), which was signed into law on December 22, 2017 with an effective date of January 1, 2018. Most notably, the Tax Act reduced the statutory federal income tax rate for corporations from 35% to 21%. The statutory federal income tax rate for our 2019 tax return will be 21% as compared to a blended rate of 28.1% for our 2018 tax return. For the nine months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, our effective tax rate varied from the statutory federal income tax rate as a result of the following factors:
 
Nine Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
Statutory rate
21.0
 %
 
28.1
 %
State and local income taxes
2.5

 
3.2

One-time benefit on re-measurement of net deferred tax liability

 
(7.1
)
Domestic manufacturing deduction for qualified income

 
(2.4
)
Net windfall tax benefits - stock-based compensation
(1.0
)
 
(0.3
)
Other
(0.2
)
 
(0.4
)
Effective rate
22.3
 %
 
21.1
 %
We include the tax consequences related to stock-based compensation within the computation of income tax expense. We may experience increased volatility to our income tax expense and resulting net income dependent upon, among other variables, the price of our common stock and the timing and volume of share-based payment award activity such as employee exercises of stock-settled stock appreciation rights and vesting of restricted stock awards. For the nine months ended March 31, 2019, the impact of net windfall tax benefits from stock-based compensation reduced our effective tax rate by 1.0%.
The SEC issued Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 118 (“SAB 118”) on December 22, 2017. SAB 118 allowed for a measurement period in which companies can either use provisional estimates for changes resulting from the Tax Act or apply the tax laws that were in effect immediately prior to the Tax Act being enacted if estimates cannot be determined at the time of the preparation of the financial statements until the actual impacts can be determined. We recorded an initial estimate of the impact of the Tax Act within our December 31, 2017 financial statements, and the adjustments recorded in the second half of

22




2018 were not material. The measurement period has ended, and we have completed the accounting for all the impacts of the Tax Act.
Net Income
As influenced by the factors noted above, third quarter net income for 2019 of $30.6 million increased $3.0 million from the preceding year’s net income for the quarter of $27.6 million and year-to-date net income of $117.5 million was higher than the prior year-to-date total of $102.9 million. Diluted weighted average common shares outstanding have remained relatively stable for the current and prior-year periods ended March 31. As a result, and due to the change in net income for each year, net income per share for the third quarter of 2019 totaled $1.11 per diluted share, as compared to net income of $1.00 per diluted share in the prior year. Year-to-date net income per share was $4.26 per diluted share, as compared to $3.74 per diluted share for the prior-year period.
For the nine months ended March 31, 2019, the after-tax benefit from the reduction in the fair value of Angelic’s contingent consideration liability was $7.4 million, or $.27 per diluted share. For the nine months ended March 31, 2018, the Tax Act resulted in a one-time benefit of $9.2 million, or $.33 per diluted share, from the re-measurement of our net deferred tax liability.
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS - SEGMENTS
Retail Segment
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
 
 
 
 
Nine Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
 
 
 
(Dollars in thousands)
2019
 
2018
 
Change
 
2019
 
2018
 
Change
Net Sales
$
153,038

 
$
152,011

 
$
1,027

 
1
 %
 
$
502,088

 
$
493,441

 
$
8,647

 
2
%
Operating Income
$
24,082

 
$
26,324

 
$
(2,242
)
 
(9
)%
 
$
102,815

 
$
96,511

 
$
6,304

 
7
%
Operating Margin
15.7
%
 
17.3
%
 
 
 
 
 
20.5
%
 
19.6
%
 
 
 
 
For the three months ended March 31, 2019, Retail segment net sales increased 1% due to continued volume gains for shelf-stable dressings and sauces sold under license agreements, increased sales of frozen garlic bread, higher pricing, reduced trade spending and lower coupon expense, as well as incremental net sales attributed to Bantam. Offsets to these gains included reduced sales resulting from the impact of this year’s later Easter holiday, lower flatbread sales and our decision to selectively exit some low-margin private-label business.
Year-to-date net sales for the Retail segment reached $502.1 million, a 2% increase from the prior-year total of $493.4 million driven by continued volume gains for shelf-stable dressings and sauces sold under license agreements, increased sales of frozen garlic bread and the incremental net sales attributed to Bantam.
For the three months ended March 31, 2019, Retail segment operating margin declined to 15.7% as impacted by integration costs associated with the Omni operations, increased consumer spending in support of expanded distribution for Bantam and higher warehousing costs partially offset by continued cost savings in manufacturing and procurement attributed to our lean six sigma program.
For the nine months ended March 31, 2019, Retail segment operating income was favorably impacted by the $9.7 million reduction in the fair value of Angelic’s contingent consideration liability. Excluding this fair value adjustment, Retail segment operating margin declined to 18.5% as influenced by integration costs associated with the Omni operations, higher freight and warehousing costs, expenses resulting from our discontinuation of the Marzetti Simple Harvest line of refrigerated dips and severance costs, as partially offset by cost savings generated by our lean six sigma program.
Foodservice Segment
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
 
 
 
 
Nine Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
 
 
 
(Dollars in thousands)
2019
 
2018
 
Change
 
2019
 
2018
 
Change
Net Sales