10-Q 1 lclc_10q-063022.htm FORM 10-Q
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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C.  20549

 

Form 10-Q

 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
   
  For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2022

 

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
   
  For the transition period from                      to

 

Commission file number     000-54319

 

LIFELOC TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Colorado 84-1053680
(State or other jurisdiction of (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
incorporation or organization)  

 

12441 West 49th Ave., Unit 4

Wheat Ridge, Colorado  80033

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

(303) 431-9500

(Registrant's telephone number)

 

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class Trading Symbol(s) Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock LCTC N/A

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes     No  *

 

* The registrant is a voluntary filer of reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, and has filed all such reports during the preceding 12 months.

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes        No 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company.  See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company" and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer      Accelerated filer     
Non-accelerated filer       Smaller reporting company  
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)  
Emerging growth company   

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes     No   

 

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer's classes of common equity, as of the latest practicable date:

 

Common Stock, no par value 2,454,116 Shares
(Class) (outstanding at June 30, 2022)

 

 

 
 

 

LIFELOC TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

FORM 10-Q

For the Three Months Ended June 30, 2022

INDEX

    Page  
    Number  
       
PART I.     FINANCIAL INFORMATION   3  
         
 ITEM 1    FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)      
         
  Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of June 30, 2022 (Unaudited) and December 31, 2021   3  
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income (Unaudited) for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021   4  
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders' Equity (Unaudited) for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021   6  
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited) for the six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021   7  
  Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)   8  
         
ITEM 2      MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS   16  
       
 ITEM 3     QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK   22  
         
 ITEM 4     CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES   22  
         
PART II.     OTHER INFORMATION   23  
         
 ITEM 1      LEGAL PROCEEDINGS   23  
       
 ITEM 2      UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS   23  
         
 ITEM 3      DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES   23  
         
 ITEM 4      MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES   23  
         
 ITEM 5      OTHER INFORMATION   23  
         
 ITEM 6      EXHIBITS   23  
         
 SIGNATURES   24  

 

 

2 
 

PART I      FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1 – FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

LIFELOC TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

 

           
ASSETS 
         
   June 30, 2022 (Unaudited)   December 31, 2021 
CURRENT ASSETS:          
Cash  $2,251,315   $2,571,668 
Accounts receivable, net   735,675    562,092 
Inventories, net   2,300,987    2,668,789 
Prepaid expenses and other   124,781    56,897 
      Total current assets   5,412,758    5,859,446 
           
PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT, at cost:          
Land   317,932    317,932 
Building   1,928,795    1,928,795 
Real-time Alcohol Detection And Recognition equipment and software   569,448    569,448 
Production equipment, software and space modifications   988,738    958,785 
Training courses   432,375    432,375 
Office equipment, software and space modifications   216,618    216,618 
Sales and marketing equipment and space modifications   226,356    226,356 
Research and development equipment, software and space modifications   467,485    456,685 
Less accumulated depreciation   (2,747,253)   (2,518,966)
     Total property and equipment, net   2,400,494    2,588,028 
           
OTHER ASSETS:          
Patents, net   97,412    134,428 
Deposits and other   163,480    163,480 
Deferred taxes   315,486    204,449 
     Total other assets   576,378    502,357 
           
     Total assets  $8,389,630   $8,949,831 
           
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY 
CURRENT LIABILITIES:          
Accounts payable  $299,663   $445,985 
Term loan payable, current portion   49,265    48,513 
Customer deposits   171,228    170,952 
Accrued expenses   240,193    298,530 
Deferred revenue, current portion   67,238    71,604 
Reserve for warranty expense   46,500    46,500 
      Total current liabilities   874,087    1,082,084 
           
TERM LOAN PAYABLE, net of current portion and          
debt issuance costs   1,243,807    1,267,551 
           
DEFERRED REVENUE, net of current portion   6,806    6,430 
      Total liabilities   2,124,700    2,356,065 
           
           
COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES          
           
STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY:          
Common stock, no par value; 50,000,000 shares          
  authorized, 2,454,116 shares outstanding   4,668,014    4,650,812 
Retained earnings   1,596,916    1,942,954 
      Total stockholders' equity   6,264,930    6,593,766 
           
      Total liabilities and stockholders' equity  $8,389,630   $8,949,831 
           

See accompanying notes.

 

 

3 
 

 

LIFELOC TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income (Unaudited)

 

           
   Three Months Ended June 30, 
REVENUES:  2022   2021 
Product sales  $2,144,813   $1,674,045 
Royalties   12,572    33,652 
Rental income   22,639    21,939 
Total   2,180,024    1,729,636 
           
COST OF SALES   1,516,389    1,124,218 
           
GROSS PROFIT   663,635    605,418 
           
OPERATING EXPENSES:          
Research and development   352,910    266,633 
Sales and marketing   276,669    214,124 
General and administrative   293,421    256,908 
Total   923,000    737,665 
           
OPERATING INCOME (LOSS)   (259,365)   (132,247)
           
OTHER INCOME (EXPENSE):          
Interest income   1,190    813 
Interest expense   (10,817)   (13,544)
Total   (9,627)   (12,731)
           
NET INCOME (LOSS) BEFORE PROVISION FOR TAXES   (268,992)   (144,978)
           
BENEFIT FROM (PROVISION FOR) FEDERAL AND STATE INCOME TAXES   67,462    35,266 
           
NET INCOME (LOSS)  $(201,530)  $(109,712)
           
NET INCOME (LOSS) PER SHARE, BASIC  $(0.08)  $(0.04)
           
NET INCOME (LOSS) PER SHARE, DILUTED  $(0.08)  $(0.04)
           
WEIGHTED AVERAGE SHARES, BASIC   2,454,116    2,454,116 
           
WEIGHTED AVERAGE SHARES, DILUTED   2,454,116    2,454,116 
           

See accompanying notes.

 

 

4 
 

 

LIFELOC TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income (Unaudited)

           
   Six Months Ended June 30, 
REVENUES:  2022   2021 
Product sales  $4,256,570   $3,449,492 
Royalties   39,212    46,216 
Rental income   44,878    43,471 
Total   4,340,660    3,539,179 
           
COST OF SALES   2,835,136    2,109,884 
           
GROSS PROFIT   1,505,524    1,429,295 
           
OPERATING EXPENSES:          
Research and development   742,934    573,845 
Sales and marketing   553,306    444,602 
General and administrative   646,254    607,028 
Total   1,942,494    1,625,475 
           
OPERATING INCOME (LOSS)   (436,970)   (196,180)
           
OTHER INCOME (EXPENSE):          
Forgiveness of Paycheck Protection loan         465,097 
Interest income   1,622    1,312 
Interest expense   (21,727)   (27,061)
Total   (20,105)   439,348 
           
NET INCOME (LOSS) BEFORE PROVISION FOR TAXES   (457,075)   243,168 
           
BENEFIT FROM (PROVISION FOR) FEDERAL AND STATE INCOME TAXES   111,037    50,591 
           
NET INCOME (LOSS)  $(346,038)  $293,759 
           
NET INCOME (LOSS) PER SHARE, BASIC  $(0.14)  $0.12 
           
NET INCOME (LOSS) PER SHARE, DILUTED  $(0.14)  $0.12 
           
WEIGHTED AVERAGE SHARES, BASIC   2,454,116    2,454,116 
           
WEIGHTED AVERAGE SHARES, DILUTED   2,454,116    2,454,116 

 

See accompanying notes.

 

5 
 

Lifeloc Technologies, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders' Equity (Unaudited)

                     
   Three Months Ended June 30,   Six Months Ended June 30, 
   2022   2021   2022   2021 
Total stockholders' equity, beginning balances  $6,466,460   $6,321,270   $6,593,766   $5,900,642 
                     
Common stock (no shares issued during periods):                    
Beginning balances   4,668,014    4,650,812    4,650,812    4,633,655 
Stock based compensation expense related                    
 to stock options               17,202    17,157 
Ending balances   4,668,014    4,650,812    4,668,014    4,650,812 
                     
Retained earnings:                    
Beginning balances   1,798,446    1,670,458    1,942,954    1,266,987 
Net income (loss)   (201,530)   (109,712)   (346,038)   293,759 
Ending balances   1,596,916    1,560,746    1,596,916    1,560,746 
                     
Beginning balances                
Net income (loss)                
Total stockholders' equity, ending balances  $6,264,930   $6,211,558   $6,264,930   $6,211,558 
                     

See accompanying notes.

 

 

 

 

6 
 

LIFELOC TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited)

           
 
   Six Months Ended June 30, 
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:  2022   2021 
Net income (loss)  $(346,038)  $293,759 
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided from (used in) operating activities-          
   Forgiveness of Paycheck Protection loan (round 1)         (465,097)
   Depreciation and amortization   267,455    133,657 
   Provision for doubtful accounts, net change         (49,000)
   Provision for inventory obsolescence, net change   94,578    (5,000)
   Deferred taxes, net change   (111,037)   10,648 
     Stock based compensation expense related to stock options   17,202    17,157 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities-          
   Accounts receivable   (173,583)   73,553 
   Inventories   273,224    7,166 
   Income taxes receivable         (54,506)
   Prepaid expenses and other   (67,884)   (12,804)
   Deposits and other         966 
   Accounts payable   (146,322)   (101,836)
   Customer deposits   276    8,130 
   Accrued expenses   (58,337)   (54,102)
   Deferred revenue   (3,990)   3,930 
 Net cash provided from (used in) operating activities   (254,456)   (193,379)
           
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:          
Purchases of property and equipment   (40,753)   (58,461)
Patent filing expense            
           Net cash (used in) investing activities   (40,753)   (58,461)
           
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:          
Principal payments made on term loan   (25,144)   (23,986)
Proceeds from Paycheck Protection loan (round 2)        471,347 
  Net cash provided from (used in) financing activities   (25,144)   447,361 
           
NET INCREASE (DECREASE) IN CASH   (320,353)   195,521 
           
CASH, BEGINNING OF PERIOD   2,571,668    2,195,070 
           
CASH, END OF PERIOD  $2,251,315   $2,390,591 
           
SUPPLEMENTAL INFORMATION:          
Cash paid for interest  $19,575   $26,518 

 

See accompanying notes.

 

 

 

7 
 

 

LIFELOC TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

1.  ORGANIZATION AND NATURE OF BUSINESS

Lifeloc Technologies, Inc. ("Lifeloc" or the "Company") is a Colorado-based developer, manufacturer and marketer of portable hand-held and fixed station breathalyzers and related accessories, supplies and education.  We design, produce and sell fuel-cell based breath alcohol testing equipment.  We compete in all major segments of the breath alcohol testing instrument market, including law enforcement, workplace, corrections, original equipment manufacturing ("OEM") and consumer markets. In addition, we offer a line of supplies, accessories, services, and training to support customers' alcohol testing programs. We sell globally through distributors as well as directly to users.

We define our business as providing "near and remote sensing" products and solutions. Today, the majority of our revenues are derived from products and services for alcohol detection and measurement. We remain committed to growing our breath alcohol testing business. In the future, we anticipate the commercialization of new sensing and measurement products that may allow Lifeloc to successfully expand our business into new growth areas where we do not presently compete or where no satisfactory product solutions exist today.

Lifeloc incorporated in Colorado in December 1983.  We filed a registration statement on Form 10 with the Securities and Exchange Commission, which became effective on May 31, 2011.  Our fiscal year end is December 31.  Our principal executive offices are located at 12441 West 49th Avenue, Unit 4, Wheat Ridge, Colorado 80033-3338.  Our telephone number is (303) 431-9500.  Our websites are www.lifeloc.com, www.lifeguardbreathtester.com, and www.stsfirst.com.  Information contained on our websites does not constitute part of this Form 10-Q.

2.  SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Basis of Presentation.  These statements have been prepared in accordance with the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") and accounting principles generally accepted in the United States ("GAAP") for interim financial information.  They do not include all information and notes required by GAAP for complete financial statements.  However, except as disclosed herein, there has been no material change in the information disclosed in the notes to financial statements included in Lifeloc's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021 as filed with the SEC.  In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited financial statements contain all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring accruals necessary for a fair presentation of the financial position as of June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, and the results of operations and cash flows for the quarters ended June 30, 2022 and June 30, 2021. Operating results for the interim periods presented are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for a full year.  The Company's 2021 Annual Report on Form 10-K includes certain definitions and a summary of significant accounting policies and should be read in conjunction with this Form 10-Q.

Use of Estimates in the Preparation of Financial Statements.   The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States requires management to make estimates and assumptions. Such estimates and assumptions affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities as well as disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of sales and expense during the reporting period.  Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Fair Value Measurement.  Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") Topic 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures ("ASC 820"), provides a comprehensive framework for measuring fair value and expands disclosures which are required about fair value measurements. Specifically, ASC 820 sets forth a definition of fair value and establishes a hierarchy prioritizing the inputs to valuation techniques, giving the highest priority to quoted prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities and the lowest priority to unobservable value inputs. ASC 820 defines the hierarchy as follows:

Level 1 - Quoted prices are available in active markets for identical assets or liabilities as of the reported date. The types of assets and liabilities included in Level 1 are highly liquid and actively traded instruments with quoted prices, such as equity securities listed on the New York Stock Exchange.

Level 2 - Pricing inputs are other than quoted prices in active markets, but are either directly or indirectly observable as of the reported date. The types of assets and liabilities in Level 2 are typically either comparable to actively traded securities or contracts or priced with models using highly observable inputs.

 

8 
 

Level 3 - Significant inputs to pricing that are unobservable as of the reporting date. The types of assets and liabilities included in Level 3 are those with inputs requiring significant management judgment or estimation, such as complex and subjective models and forecasts used to determine the fair value of financial transmission rights.

Inventories.   Inventories are stated at the lower of cost (first-in, first-out basis) or net realizable value. We reduce inventory for estimated obsolete or unmarketable inventory equal to the difference between the cost of inventory and the estimated market value based upon assumptions about future demand and market conditions. If actual market conditions are less favorable than those projected by management, additional inventory write-downs may be required.  At June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, inventory consisted of the following:

          
   2022   2021 
Raw materials & deposits  $1,996,253   $2,179,332 
Work-in-process   45,809    84,963 
Finished goods   508,503    559,494 
Total gross inventories   2,550,565    2,823,789 
Less reserve for obsolescence   (249,578)   (155,000)
Total net inventories  $2,300,987   $2,668,789 

Income Taxes.  We account for income taxes under the provisions of ASC Topic 740, Accounting for Income Taxes ("ASC 740"). We have determined an estimated annual effective tax rate.  The rate will be revised, if necessary, as of the end of each successive interim period during our fiscal year to our best current estimate.

The estimated annual effective tax rate is applied to the year-to-date ordinary income (loss) at the end of the interim period. 

ASC 740 prescribes a recognition threshold and measurement attribute for the financial statement recognition and measurement of a tax position taken or expected to be taken in a tax return.  This pronouncement also provides guidance on derecognition, classification, interest and penalties, accounting in interim periods, disclosure, and transition.

Revenue Recognition.  In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606). This ASU is a comprehensive new revenue recognition model that requires a company to recognize revenue to depict the transfer of goods or services to a customer at an amount that reflects the consideration it expects to receive in exchange for those goods or services.  We adopted this ASU on January 1, 2018 retrospectively, with the cumulative effect of initial application (which was zero) recognized in retained earnings on that date.

Revenue from product sales and supplies is generally recorded when we ship the product and title has passed to the customer, provided that we have evidence of a customer arrangement and can conclude that collection is probable.  The prices at which we sell our products are fixed and determinable at the time we accept a customer's order. We recognize revenue from sales to stocking distributors when there is no right of return, other than for normal warranty claims, and generally have no ongoing obligations related to product sales, except for normal warranty.

The sales of licenses to our training courses are recognized as revenue at the time of sale. Training and certification revenues are recognized at the time the training and certification occurs.  Data recording revenue is recognized based on each day’s usage of enrolled devices.

Revenues arising from extended warranty contracts are booked as sales over their life on a straight-line basis. We have discontinued arranging for customer financing and leasing through unrelated third parties and instead are providing for customer financing and leasing ourselves, which we recognize as revenue over the applicable lease term.  Occasionally, we rent used equipment to customers, and in those cases, we recognize the revenues as they are earned over the life of the contract. 

Royalty income is recognized in accordance with agreed upon terms, when performance obligations are satisfied, the amount is fixed or determinable and collectability is reasonably assured. 

Rental income from space leased to our tenants is recognized in the month in which it is due, which approximates if it were recognized on a straight-line basis over the term of the related lease.

On occasion we receive customer deposits for future product orders and product developments.  Customer deposits are initially recorded as a liability and recognized as revenue when the product is shipped and title has passed to the customer, or when agreed milestones are met in the case of product developments.

 

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Topic 606 requires the disaggregation of revenue into broad categories, which we have defined as shown below for the three months ended June 30, 2022 and June 30, 2021.

          
   Three Months Ended June 30, 
Product sales:  2022   2021 
  Product sales and supplies  $1,964,494   $1,490,978 
  Training, certification and data recording   162,726    166,138 
  Service plans and equipment rental   17,593    16,929 
  Products subtotal   2,144,813    1,674,045 
Royalties   12,572    33,652 
Building rentals   22,639    21,939 
Total revenues  $2,180,024   $1,729,636 

 

   Six Months Ended June 30, 
Product sales:  2022   2021 
  Product sales and supplies  $3,888,442   $3,117,138 
  Training, certification and data recording   329,981    302,060 
  Service plans and equipment rental   38,147    30,294 
  Products subtotal   4,256,570    3,449,492 
Royalties   39,212    46,216 
Building rentals   44,878    43,471 
Total revenues  $4,340,660   $3,539,179 

 

Deferred Revenue.  Deferred revenues arise from service contracts and from development contracts.  Revenues from service contracts are recognized on a straight-line basis over the life of the contract, generally one year, and are included in product revenue in our statements of income.  However, there are occasions when they are written for longer terms up to four years.  The revenues from that portion of the contract that extend beyond one year are shown in our balance sheets as long term.  Deferred revenues also result from progress payments received on development contracts; those revenues are recognized when the contract is complete and are included in product revenue in our statements of income.  All development contracts are for less than one year and all deferred revenues from this source are shown in our balance sheets as short term.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements.  We have reviewed all recently issued, but not yet effective, accounting pronouncements and do not expect them to have a material effect on our financial statements. 

Stock-Based Compensation.  Stock-based compensation is presented in accordance with the guidance of ASC Topic 718, Compensation – Stock Compensation ("ASC 718").  Under the provisions of ASC 718, companies are required to estimate the fair value of share-based payment awards on the date of grant using an option-pricing model.  The value of the portion of the award that is ultimately expected to vest is recognized as expense over the requisite service periods in our statement of income.

ASC 718 requires companies to estimate the fair value of share-based payment awards on the date of grant using an option-pricing model. The value of the portion of the award that is ultimately expected to vest is recognized as expense over the requisite service periods in the accompanying statement of income.

Stock-based compensation expense recognized during the period is based on the value of the portion of share-based payment awards that is ultimately expected to vest during the period.  We used the Black-Scholes option-pricing model to determine fair value. Our determination of fair value of share-based payment awards on the date of grant using an option-pricing model is affected by our stock price as well as assumptions regarding a number of highly complex and subjective variables. These variables include, but are not limited to our expected stock price volatility over the term of the awards, and actual and projected employee stock option exercise behaviors. Although the fair value of employee stock options is determined in accordance with ASC 718 using an option-pricing model, that value may not be indicative of the fair value observed in a willing buyer/willing seller market transaction.

Stock-based compensation expense recognized under ASC 718 for the three months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021 was $0 and $0 respectively, and for the six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021 it was $17,202 and $17,157 respectively. These amounts consist of stock-based compensation expenses from grants of employee stock options which are allocated to General and Administrative Expense when incurred.

Segment Reporting.   We have concluded that we have two operating segments, including our primary business which is as a developer, manufacturer, lessor and marketer of portable hand-held breathalyzers and related accessories, supplies, education, training and royalties from development contracts.  As a result of purchasing our building on October 31, 2014, we have a second business segment consisting of renting portions of our building to existing tenants, whose leases expire at various times until June 30, 2023.  

 

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3.  BASIC AND DILUTED INCOME (LOSS) PER COMMON SHARE

We report both basic and diluted net income (loss) per common share.  Basic net income (loss) per common share is computed by dividing net income (loss) for the period by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the period.  Diluted net income (loss) per common share is computed by dividing the net income (loss) for the period by the weighted average number of common and potential common shares outstanding during the period if the effect of the potential common shares is dilutive.  The shares used in the calculation of dilutive potential common shares exclude options to purchase shares where the exercise price was greater than the average market price of common shares for the period. The shares used in the calculation of dilutive potential common shares exclude options to purchase shares in loss periods since they are anti-dilutive.

The following table presents the calculation of basic and diluted net income (loss) per common share for three months ended June 30, 2022 and June 30, 2021:

          
   Three Months Ended June 30, 
   2022   2021 
Net income (loss)  $(201,530)  $(109,712)
Weighted average shares-basic   2,454,116    2,454,116 
Effect of dilutive potential common shares            
Weighted average shares-diluted   2,454,116    2,454,116 
Net income (loss) per share-basic  $(0.08)  $(0.04)
Net income (loss) per share-diluted  $(0.08)  $(0.04)
Antidilutive employee stock options            

 

           
   Six Months Ended June 30, 
   2022   2021 
Net income (loss)  $(346,038)  $293,759 
Weighted average shares-basic   2,454,116    2,454,116 
Effect of dilutive potential common shares            
Weighted average shares-diluted   2,454,116    2,454,116 
Net income (loss) per share-basic  $(0.14)  $0.12 
Net income (loss) per share-diluted  $(0.14)  $0.12 
Antidilutive employee stock options            

 

4.  STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

The following table summarizes information about employee stock options outstanding and exercisable at June 30, 2022:

                                   
        STOCK OPTIONS OUTSTANDING     STOCK OPTIONS EXERCISABLE
  Range of Exercise Prices     Number Outstanding     Weighted Average Remaining Contractual Life (in Years)       Weighted Average Exercise Price per Share     Number Exercisable     Weighted Average Exercise Price per Share  
  $3.80     123,000     3.05       $3.80     123,000     $3.80  

 

The exercise price of all options granted through June 30, 2022 has been equal to or greater than the fair market value of the Company's common stock at the time the options were issued. As of June 30, 2022, 20,300 options for our common stock remain available for grant under the 2013 Plan.

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We granted 50,000 options to an officer in January of 2016, which were to vest based on the achievement of certain performance conditions. In accordance with the terms of the grant, the number of options was reduced to 25,000 on December 31, 2019, and further reduced to 0 on December 31, 2021 as vesting of these options was subject to performance that was not achieved.

No options were granted during the three months ended June 30, 2022. A total of 15,000 options were granted to two employees during the six months ended June 30, 2022.

A total of 110,500 options were granted during the three months ended June 30, 2021, 48,000 of which were granted to two officers and three directors. Out of that 48,000, the officers were granted 37,500 and 7,500 respectively, and the directors were granted 1,000 each. These options vested immediately upon granting.

No options were exercised during the six months ended June 30, 2022 or during the six months ended June 30, 2021.

The total number of authorized shares of common stock continues to be 50,000,000, with no change in the par value per share.

5.  COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

Mortgage Expense. We purchased our facilities in Wheat Ridge, Colorado on October 31, 2014 for $1,949,139 and took out a term loan secured by a first-priority mortgage on the property in the amount of $1,581,106 with Bank of America for a portion of the purchase price.  This loan was paid on September 30, 2021 with proceeds from a new term loan, also secured by a first-priority mortgage on the property, in the principal amount of $1,350,000 which matures in September, 2031. Our minimum future principal payments on this term loan, by year, are as follows:

       
      
 2022   $25,519 
 2023    52,178 
 2024    53,738 
 2025    55,345 
 2026    57,000 
 2027 – 2031    1,068,641 
 Total    1,312,421 
 Less financing cost    (19,349)
 Net term loan payable    1,293,072 
 Less current portion    (49,265)
 Long term portion   $1,243,807 
        

Employee Severance Benefits. Our obligation with respect to employee severance benefits is minimized by the "at will" nature of the employee relationships.  As of June 30, 2022, we had no obligation with respect to contingent severance benefit obligations other than the Company's obligations under the employment agreement with its chief executive officer, Dr. Wayne Willkomm. In the event that Dr. Willkomm's employment is terminated by the Company without Cause (including through a decision by the Company not to renew the employment agreement) or by Dr. Willkomm with Good Reason (as each are defined in the employment agreement), Dr. Willkomm will be eligible, upon satisfaction of certain conditions, for severance equal to two months of salary continuation plus 12 months of health insurance continuation.

Contractual Commitments and Purchase Orders. Contractual commitments under development agreements and outstanding purchase orders issued to vendors in the ordinary course of business totaled $843,574 at June 30, 2022.

Regulatory Commitments. With respect to our LifeGuard® product, we are subject to regulation by the United States Food and Drug Administration ("FDA").  The FDA provides regulations governing the manufacture and sale of our LifeGuard® product, and we are subject to inspections by the FDA to determine our compliance with these regulations.  FDA inspections are conducted periodically at the discretion of the FDA.  On June 26, 2017, we were inspected by the FDA and no violations were issued. We are also subject to regulation by the DOT and by various state departments of transportation so far as our other products are concerned.  We believe that we are in substantial compliance with all known applicable regulations.

6.  LINE OF CREDIT AND PAYCHECK PROTECTION LOAN

As part of the long-term financing of our property purchased on October 31, 2014, we obtained a one-year $250,000 revolving line of credit facility with Bank of America, which matured on October 31, 2015 and was extended to June 30, 2018. The agreement was amended to increase the amount of the line to $750,000 and extend the maturity date to September 28, 2021. The revolving line of credit facility expired in accordance with its terms and has not been renewed. There was no balance due on the line of credit as of June 30, 2022 and June 30, 2021.

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The Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (“CARES”) Act allocated $350 billion to help small businesses keep workers employed amid the pandemic and economic downturn. Known as the Paycheck Protection Program (“PPP”), the initiative provides federally guaranteed loans to small businesses.  A portion or all of these loans may be forgiven if borrowers comply with certain PPP guidelines including spending the funds on authorized expenses and maintaining their payrolls during the crisis or restore their payrolls afterward. On May 4, 2020, the Company received proceeds of $465,097 from Bank of America under the PPP (the “PPP Loan”). The funds were used for certain qualifying expenses as described in the CARES Act, and the loan was forgiven in its entirety in February, 2021. Proceeds of $471,347 were received from a second loan with similar terms in February, 2021 and the funds were used for certain qualifying expenses as described in the CARES Act, and the loan was forgiven in September, 2021. No interest on either loan has been recognized in our financial statements.

 7.  INCOME TAXES

The items accounting for the difference between income taxes computed at the federal statutory rate and the provision for (benefit from) income taxes consists of the following.

          
   Three Months Ended June 30, 
   2022   2021 
Federal statutory rate  $(56,488)  $(30,445)
Effect of:          
  State taxes, net of federal tax benefit   12,279    6,708 
  Other   (23,253)   (11,529)
Total  $(67,462)  $(35,266)
           

 

           
   Six Months Ended June 30, 
   2022   2021 
Federal statutory rate  $(95,985)  $51,066 
Effect of:          
  State taxes, net of federal tax benefit   19,969    9,477 
  Other   (35,021)   (111,134)
Total  $(111,037)  $(50,591)

 

8. BUSINESS SEGMENTS

We currently have two business segments: (i) the sale of physical products, including portable hand-held breathalyzers and related accessories, supplies, education, training ("Product Sales"), and royalties from development contracts with OEM manufacturers ("Royalties" and, together with Product Sales, the "Products" segment), and (ii) rental of a portion of our building (the "Rentals" segment).  The accounting policies of the segments are the same as those described in the summary of significant accounting policies in Note 2.

Operating profits for these segments exclude unallocated corporate items.  Administrative and staff costs were commonly used by all business segments and were indistinguishable.

 

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The following sets forth information about the operations of the business segments for the three months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021.

          
   2022   2021 
Product sales  $2,144,813   $1,674,045 
Royalties   12,572    33,652 
Products subtotal   2,157,385    1,707,697 
Rentals   22,639    21,939 
Total  $2,180,024   $1,729,636 
           
Gross profit:          
Product sales  $637,244   $565,167 
Royalties   12,572    33,652 
Products subtotal   649,816    598,819 
Rentals   13,819    6,599 
Total  $663,635   $605,418 
           
Interest expense:          
Product sales  $7,411   $8,899 
Royalties            
Products subtotal   7,411    8,899 
Rentals   3,406    4,645 
Total  $10,817   $13,544 
           
Net income (loss) before taxes:          
Product sales  $(291,997)  $(180,584)
Royalties   12,572    33,652 
Products subtotal   (279,405)   (146,932)
Rentals   10,413    1,954 
Total  $(268,992)  $(144,978)

 

The following sets forth information about the operations of the business segments for the six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021.

         
   2022   2021 
Product sales  $4,256,570   $3,449,492 
Royalties   39,212    46,216 
Products subtotal   4,295,782    3,495,708 
Rentals   44,878    43,471 
Total  $4,340,660   $3,539,179 
           
Gross profit:          
Product sales  $1,430,254   $1,361,591 
Royalties   39,212    46,216 
Products subtotal   1,469,466    1,407,807 
Rentals   36,058    21,488 
Total  $1,505,524   $1,429,295 
           
Interest expense:          
Product sales  $14,879   $17,780 
Royalties            
Products subtotal   14,879    17,780 
Rentals   6,848    9,281 
Total  $21,727   $27,061 
           
Net income (loss) before taxes:          
Product sales  $(525,497)  $184,745 
Royalties   39,212    46,216 
Products subtotal   (486,285)   230,961 
Rentals   29,210    12,207 
Total  $(457,075)  $243,168 

 

There were no intersegment revenues.

At June 30, 2022, $575,671 of our assets were used in the Rentals segment, with the remainder, $7,813,959, used in the Products and unallocated segments.

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9.  SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

We evaluated all of our activity and concluded that no subsequent events have occurred that would require recognition in our financial statements or disclosure in the notes to our financial statements, except as follows.

On June 1, 2022, we formed a wholly-owned subsidiary, Probation Tracker, Inc., a Colorado corporation (“PTI”) and capitalized it with $61,353 in exchange for 613,530 shares of PTI common stock. PTI had no activity during the three months ended June 30, 2022 and its accounts have been consolidated with ours in the accompanying balance sheet. In August 2022, we intend to filed a Form 10 with the Securities and Exchange Commission in anticipation of distributing all of the 613,530 shares of common stock to our shareholders as a stock dividend. When we are notified by the SEC that our Form 10 has been approved, we will distribute the shares to our shareholders in proportion to their holdings of our stock. As a separate entity, PTI will attempt to complete proof of concept demonstrating that R.A.D.A.R. 300 is feasible.

Also on June 1, 2022, Lifeloc entered into an Asset Purchase Agreement with PTI (the “Asset Purchase Agreement”), pursuant to which PTI has agreed to purchase the R.A.D.A.R. assets in exchange for 1,250,000 shares of redeemable preferred stock of PTI, redeemable at an exercise price of $1.00 per share (the “Redeemable Preferred”). Closing of the Asset Purchase Agreement is contingent on (i) PTI delivering to Lifeloc acceptable proof of concept showing that R.A.D.A.R. 300 is feasible, and (ii) PTI raising at least $500,000 of additional capital. The Asset Purchase Agreement also obligates PTI to redeem the Redeemable Preferred upon the occurrence of the following events, for as long as the Redeemable Preferred has not been fully redeemed: (a) upon the consummation of one or more capital-raising transactions from which PTI receives aggregate gross proceeds of not less than US$2,000,000, PTI will redeem 50% of the outstanding Redeemable Preferred; (b) upon the consummation of one or more capital-raising transactions from which PTI receives aggregate gross proceeds of not less than US$3,000,000, PTI will redeem 100% of the outstanding Redeemable Preferred; and (c) beginning in the first fiscal year in which PTI’s gross revenue is more than $500,000, PTI will redeem an amount of Redeemable Preferred Stock equal to fifteen percent (15%) of PTI’s pre-tax earnings for each subsequent fiscal year.

 

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ITEM 2 – MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

The following is a discussion of our financial condition and results of operations, and should be read in conjunction with our financial statements and the related notes included elsewhere in this Form 10-Q.  Certain statements contained in this section are not historical facts, including statements about our strategies and expectations about new and existing products, market demand, acceptance of new and existing products, technologies and opportunities, market and industry segment growth, and return on investments in products and markets.  These statements are forward-looking statements as defined in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange Act”), and we intend such forward-looking statements to be covered by the safe harbor provisions for forward-looking statements contained in these statutes.  You can identify forward-looking statements by the use of forward-looking terminology such as “believes,” “expects,” “may,” “will,” “should,” “seeks,” “intends,” “plans” or “anticipates” or the negative of these words and phrases or similar words or phrases that are predictions of or indicate future events or trends and that do not relate solely to historical matters.  Such statements involve substantial risks and uncertainties that may cause actual results to differ materially from those indicated by the forward-looking statements.  All forward-looking statements in this section are based on information available to us on the date of this document, and we assume no obligation to update such forward looking statements.  Readers of this Form 10-Q are strongly encouraged to review the section titled “Risk Factors” in our December 31, 2021 Form 10-K.

Overview 

Lifeloc Technologies, Inc., a Colorado corporation (“Lifeloc” or the “Company”), is a Colorado-based developer, manufacturer and marketer of portable hand-held and fixed station breathalyzers and related accessories, supplies and education.  We design, produce and sell fuel-cell based breath alcohol testing equipment.  We compete in all major segments of the portable breath alcohol testing instrument market, including law enforcement, workplace, corrections, original equipment manufacturing (“OEM”) and consumer markets. In addition, we offer a line of supplies, accessories, services, and training to support customers’ alcohol testing programs. We sell globally through distributors as well as directly to users.

We define our business as providing “near and remote sensing” products and solutions. Today, the majority of our revenues are derived from products and services for alcohol detection and measurement. We remain committed to growing our breath alcohol testing business. In the future, we anticipate the commercialization of new sensing and measurement products that may allow Lifeloc to successfully expand our business into new growth areas where we do not presently compete or where no satisfactory product solutions exist today.

In addition, with the October 2014 purchase of our corporate headquarters and certain adjacent property, we added a new reporting segment focused on the ownership and rental of real property through existing commercial leases.

Lifeloc incorporated in Colorado in December 1983.  We filed a registration statement on Form 10 with the Securities and Exchange Commission, which became effective on May 31, 2011.  Our fiscal year end is December 31.  Our principal executive offices are located at 12441 West 49th Avenue, Unit 4, Wheat Ridge, Colorado 80033-3338.  Our telephone number is (303) 431-9500.  Our websites are www.lifeloc.com, www.stsfirst.com and lifeguardbreathtester.com.  Information contained on our websites does not constitute part of this Form 10-K.

Principal Products and Services and Methods of Distribution

Alcohol Breath Testers 

In 1989, we introduced our first breath alcohol tester, the PBA3000. Our Phoenix® Classic was completed and released for sale in1998, superseding the PBA3000. In turn, the Phoenix® Classic has been superseded by our FC Series and Workplace Series of portable breath alcohol testers, which are discussed below. Neither the PBA3000 nor the Phoenix® Classic is actively sold today. 

In 2001, we completed and released for sale our new FC Series, designed specifically for domestic and international law enforcement and corrections markets. The portable breath alcohol testers comprising our FC Series are currently being sold worldwide, having contributed to our growth since their introduction. The FC Series is designed to meet the needs of domestic and international law enforcement for roadside drink/drive testing and alcohol offender monitoring. The FC Series is approved by the U.S. Department of Transportation (“DOT”) as an evidential breath tester, making it suitable for sale to state law enforcement agencies for preliminary roadside breath alcohol testing.  The FC Series is routinely updated with firmware, software and component improvements as they become available.  It is readily adaptable to the specific requirements and regulations of domestic and international markets.

 

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In 2005 and 2006, we introduced two new models, the EV30 and Phoenix® 6.0 Evidential Breath Tester (“Phoenix® 6.0”), which constitute our Workplace Series of testing devices.  Like their predecessor, the Phoenix® Classic, and our FC Series, these instruments are DOT approved. The DOT’s specifications support the DOT’s workplace alcohol testing programs, including those applicable to workplace alcohol testing for the federally regulated transportation industry. We also sell component parts used in alcohol testing devices, such as mouthpieces used by our breathalyzers, as well as forms and labels used for record keeping, and calibration products for user re-calibration of our devices.  We offer optional service agreements on our equipment, re-calibration services, and spare parts, and we sell supporting instrument training and user certification training to our workplace customers.

In 2006, we commenced selling breath alcohol equipment components that we manufacture to other OEMs for inclusion as subassemblies or components in their breath alcohol testing devices.

In late 2009, Lifeloc released the LifeGuard® Personal Breathalyzer (“LifeGuard®”), a personal alcohol breath tester that incorporates the same fuel-cell technology used in our professional devices. Intended originally for the global consumer breathalyzer market, LifeGuard® has been discontinued.  

In 2011 and 2012, Lifeloc introduced Bluetooth wireless keyboard and printer communication options for our Phoenix® 6.0 along with a series of web based workplace training courses. We believe these two product innovations have been key to our success and leadership in workplace breath testing.

In 2013, Lifeloc expanded our FC Series of professional breath alcohol testers targeted at domestic and international law enforcement and corrections markets with the addition of the FC5 Hornet (the “FC5”). The FC5 is a passive (no mouthpieces required) portable handheld alcohol screening device that competes directly with passive alcohol screeners from our competitors in the education, law enforcement, workplace and corrections markets.

In 2013, we also introduced the Sentinel™ zero tolerance alcohol screening station, a fully automated wall mounted screening station for use in safety sensitive industries such as oil and gas and mining. Both devices expand Lifeloc’s products for passive alcohol screening.

In the third quarter of 2014, we received approval from DOT for our EASYCAL® automatic calibration station for use with our Phoenix ® 6.0 Evidential Breath Testers, and we began shipments of the EASYCAL® to our law enforcement, corrections, workplace and international customers.   The EASYCAL® calibration station is a first of its kind device that automatically performs breath tester instrument calibration, calibration verification and gas management.  As compared to manual instrument calibration, the EASYCAL® reduces the opportunity for human error, saves time and reduces operating costs.  In May 2019, we received DOT approval on a second generation EASYCAL® with broader capabilities called the EASYCAL® G2.

In October 2015, we expanded our Sentinel™ line with the Sentinel™ VA alcohol screening station, a fully automated station to control vehicular access to safety critical facilities, such as mines, refineries, power stations and nuclear facilities.  The Sentinel™ VA alcohol screening station is intended to allow all drivers entering a secure area to be tested quickly and efficiently without leaving their vehicle.

In November 2019, we received approval from DOT for our LX9 and LT7 base unit alcohol breathalyzers. Both have been updated and both updated versions received DOT approval in December 2021.

Testers for Drugs of Abuse

In August 2016, we entered into an exclusive patent license agreement with Sandia Corporation, Albuquerque, NM, pursuant to which we acquired the exclusive rights to develop, manufacture and market Sandia’s patented SpinDx™ technology for the detection of drugs of abuse. SpinDx™ uses a centrifugal disk with micro fluidic flow paths allowing multiple tests to be carried out on a single small sample.  The microfluidics disk with centrifugal concentration achieves a strong signal from trace concentrations in small samples that under best conditions can be quantitative.  Sandia Corporation developed a prototype using the SpinDx™ technology under our Cooperative Research and Development Agreement. We received the first prototype in 2018, advanced this device for robustness and manufacturability, and are now commercializing the device. In 2021 we purchased SpinDx related test validation equipment as well as disk development fabrication equipment totaling $265,867. We are optimistic about the results of the work to date and expect market introduction later in 2022 with partners for field demonstration. The SpinDx™ platform has the potential to improve real-time screening for a panel of high-abuse drugs, with the ability to efficiently measure relatively low concentrations of drugs such as cocaine, heroin, methamphetamine, fentanyl and other high-abuse drugs.  We intend to use this technology platform, sometimes referred to as “Lab on a Disk", to develop a series of devices and tests that could be used at roadside, emergency rooms and in workplace testing to get a rapid and quantitative measure for a panel of such drugs of abuse. First will be the SpinDx device with disks for delta-9 THC detection from an oral fluid sample collected from a test subject. This will be followed with a device based on our recently updated LX9 breathalyzer to collect a sample for analysis from breath, which coupled with the SpinDx device will be our marijuana breathalyzer system.  We have detected delta-9-THC (the primary psychoactive component of marijuana) down to concentrations of 5 nanograms per milliliter in our laboratory.  This includes resolving the psychoactive delta-9-THC from its inactive metabolites, an important step in establishing impairment. Testing has commenced to validate the SpinDx technology against the definitive standard liquid chromatography-mass spectroscopy measurement utilizing human samples. There is no assurance that our efforts to develop a marijuana breathalyzer will be successful or that significant sales will result from such development if successful.

 

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In March 2017 we acquired substantially all of the assets related to the Real-time Alcohol Detection and Reporting product (“R.A.D.A.R.®”) from Track Group, Inc. (“TRCK”) for $860,000 in cash.  The purchased assets included the R.A.D.A.R.® device with cellular reporting for real-time alcohol monitoring, database infrastructure to tabulate and manage subscriber behavior, and biometric methodology and intellectual property to fully automate identity verification.  The R.A.D.A.R.® device was designed to be part of an offender supervision program as an alternative to incarceration, and it is assigned to offenders as a condition of parole or probation with random testing throughout the day to demonstrate that they are meeting the conditions of their sentence. The R.A.D.A.R.® 200 Mobile Device has been updated and released for sale in 2022. Continued refinements are needed, which, when completed, will result in R.A.D.A.R. 300 having the ability to confirm that the user blowing the alcohol test is the correct user, along with other features.

In the latter part of 2021, we determined that our other business objectives could not be met while also devoting resources to upgrading R.A.D.A.R. 200 to R.A.D.A.R. 300. As a result, plans to work on R.A.D.A.R. 300 were abandoned in favor of devoting all available resources to Lifeloc’s other business objectives. However, our belief in the potential commercial success of R.A.D.A.R. 300 resulted in the decision to set up a new wholly owned subsidiary, Probation Tracker, Inc., to acquire certain rights in the R.A.D.A.R. assets, continue development, and subject to such development becoming successful and subject to raising at least $500,000 of additional capital, ultimately acquire the R.A.D.A.R. assets.

Training

Drug and alcohol testing is highly regulated; thus quality training is an important component of our business.  Initially, our network of Master Trainers provided classroom training which generated certification fees.  This was expanded to include instructor materials, online training modules and direct (live) training via webcam.  In 2011, we launched Lifeloc University, a Learning Management System (LMS), defined as "a software application for the administration, documentation, tracking, reporting and delivery of educational courses or training programs." Lifeloc University is a critical component for online training courses since it provides student accountability.  The Lifeloc University LMS was updated in 2018 to provide responsive design so it could be viewed on mobile devices and was updated in 2021 to reflect DOT rule and other changes.

In December 2014, we acquired substantially all of the assets of Superior Training Solutions, Inc. (“STS”), a company that develops and sells online drug and alcohol training and refresher courses. We have augmented and updated the assets we acquired from STS to enable mobile device usage. These assets complement our existing drug and alcohol training courses.

Real Property

On October 31, 2014, we purchased the commercial property we use as our corporate headquarters and certain adjacent property in Wheat Ridge, Colorado.  The building consists of 22,325 square feet, of which 14,412 square feet are occupied by us and 7,913 square feet are currently leased to two tenants whose leases expire at various times until June 30, 2023. We intend to continue to lease the space we are not occupying, but in the future may elect to expand our own operations into space currently leased to other tenants.  Our purchase of the property was partially financed through a term loan in an original principal amount of $1,581,106, secured by a first-priority mortgage on the property. This loan was paid on September 30, 2021 with proceeds from a new term loan, also secured by a first-priority mortgage on the property, in the principal amount of $1,350,000 which matures in September, 2031.

Additional Areas of Interest

Consistent with our business goal of providing “near and remote sensing and monitoring” products and solutions, our acquisition strategy involves purchasing companies, development resources and assets that are aligned with our areas of interest and that can further aid in our entering additional markets.  We expect to actively research and engage in the acquisition of resources that can expedite our entrance into new markets or strengthen our position in existing ones.

 

Results of Operations

For the three months ended June 30, 2022 compared to the three months ended June 30, 2021.

Net sales. Our product sales for the quarter ended June 30, 2022 were $2,144,813, an increase of 28% from $1,674,045 for the quarter ended June 30, 2021.  This increase is primarily attributable to an increase in demand in the current quarter, which may represent partial recovery from the impact of Covid-19 in the same quarter a year ago. When royalties of $12,572 and rental income of $22,639 are included, total revenues of $2,180,024 increased by $450,388, or 26%, for the quarter ended June 30, 2022 when compared to the same quarter a year ago. With the diminishing effects of the pandemic, we expect revenues to continue to be somewhat higher in the remainder of 2022 when compared to 2021.

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Gross profit.   Our total gross profit for the three months ended June 30, 2022 of $663,635 represented an increase of $58,217 (10%) from total gross profit of $605,418 for the same period a year earlier. This increase is primarily the result of increased sales, offset by increased costs across the board, including labor and components, as well as by decreased royalties. Cost of product sales increased from $1,108,878 in Q2 of 2021 to $1,507,569 in Q2 of 2022, or 36%, as a result of increased sales volume and inflation. Gross profit margin on products went from 34% in Q2 of 2021 to 30% in Q2 of 2022 as a result of the foregoing factors.

Research and development expenses.  Our research and development expenses were $352,910 for the quarter ended June 30, 2022, representing an increase of $86,277 (32%) over the $266,633 in the same quarter a year ago.  This increase resulted mostly from adding personnel and increased compensation, along with higher payments to outside vendors in connection with the work pertaining to the SpinDx development.

Sales and marketing expenses.   Our sales and marketing expenses of $276,669 for the quarter ended June 30, 2022 increased by $62,545 (29%) from the $214,124 for the quarter ended June 30, 2021, mostly as the result of resumption of sales efforts formerly curtailed because of the pandemic.

General and administrative expenses.   Our general and administrative expenses of $293,421 for the quarter ended June 30, 2022 were higher by $36,513 (14%) from the $256,908 in the same period a year ago, mostly as a result of timing differences.

Other income (expense). Interest income of $1,190 in the quarter ended June 30, 2022 was nominal, as was the $813 in the same quarter a year ago. Our interest expense of $10,817 in the current quarter over $13,544 in the same period a year ago is mostly the result of the lower interest rate on our new term loan closed on September 30, 2021, as well as the result of the balance of the term loan on our building declining.

Net income (loss).   We realized a net loss of $(201,530) for the quarter ended June 30, 2022 compared to a net loss of $(109,712) for the quarter ended June 30, 2021.  This increase of $(91,818) was the result of the changes in gross profit and operating expenses discussed above, offset in part by an increased benefit from income tax of $32,196.

For the six months ended June 30, 2022 compared to the six months ended June 30, 2021.

 

Net sales. Our product sales for the six months ended June 30, 2022 were $4,256,570, an increase of $807,078 (23%) from $3,449,492 for the same period a year ago.  When royalties of $39,212 and rental income of $44,878 are included, total revenues of $4,340,660 increased by $801,481, or 23%, for the six months ended June 30, 2021 when compared to the same six months a year ago, as a result of continuing increased demand caused by the Covid-19 recovery.

 

Gross profit.   Total gross profit for the six months ended June 30, 2022 of $1,505,524 represented an increase of 5% from total gross profit of $1,429,295 for the six months a year earlier. Cost of product sales increased from $2,087,901 in the six months ended June 30, 2021 to $2,826,316 or $738,415 (35%) in the six months ended June 30, 2022 as a result of increased cost of components and labor.

 

Research and development expenses.  Research and development expenses were $742,934 for the six months ended June 30, 2022 compared to $573,845 in the same period a year ago, an increase of 30%. This increase resulted mostly from adding personnel and increased compensation, along with costs in connection with the work pertaining to the SpinDx development.

 

Sales and marketing expenses.   Sales and marketing expenses of $553,306 for the six months ended June 30, 2022 increased $108,704, or 24%, from the $444,602 in the same six months ended June 30, 2021, mostly as a result of the post pandemic resumption of attending trade shows and other sales efforts.

 

General and administrative expenses.   General and administrative expenses of $646,254 for the six months ended June 30, 2022 were higher by $39,226, or 7%, from the $607,028 spent in the same six months a year ago. This increase resulted from increased compensation and other increased costs.

 

Other income (expense).  Other income consisted of $465,097 of forgiveness of our Paycheck Protection loan in 2021, along with interest income of $1,312 in the six months ended June 30, 2021 vs. no loan forgiveness in 2022 and interest income of $1,622. Interest expense in the six months ended June 30, 2022 was down by $207 over the same period a year ago as the result of the balance of the term loan on our building declining. The resulting total other income of $439,348 in the six months ending June 30, 2021, versus the total other expense of $20,105 in the six months ending June 30, 2022 was primarily due to the absence of the Paycheck Protection loan forgiveness.

 

Net income.   We realized a net loss of $(346,038) for the six months ended June 30, 2022 compared to net income of $293,759 for the same six months ended June 30, 2021.  This decrease of $639,797 was the result of the changes in gross profit and operating expenses discussed above, offset in part by a $60,446 increase in tax benefit.

 

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Trends and Uncertainties That May Affect Future Results

Revenues in the second quarter of 2022 were higher compared to revenues in 2021 as a result of the diminishing Covid-19 pandemic. We believe the effects of the pandemic are declining, and we expect the remainder of 2022 to show modest improvement over 2021.  We expect our quarter-to-quarter revenue fluctuations to continue, due to the unpredictable timing of large orders from customers and the size of those orders in relation to total revenues.  Going forward, we intend to focus our development efforts on products we believe offer the best prospects to increase our intermediate and near-term revenues.

Our 2022 operating plan is focused on growing sales, increasing gross profits, and increasing research and development efforts on new products for long term growth.  We cannot predict with certainty the expected sales, gross profit, net income or loss, or usage of cash and cash equivalents for 2022.  However, we believe that cash resources will be sufficient to fund our operations for the next twelve months under our current operating plan.  If we are unable to manage the business operations in line with our budget expectations, it could have a material adverse effect on business viability, financial position, results of operations and cash flows. Further, if we are not successful in sustaining profitability and remaining at least cash flow break-even, additional capital may be required to maintain ongoing operations.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

We compete in a highly technical, very competitive and, in most cases, price driven alcohol testing marketplace, where products can take years to develop and introduce to distributors and end users.  Furthermore, manufacturing, marketing and distribution activities are regulated by the FDA, the DOT, and other regulatory bodies that, while intended to enhance the ultimate quality and functionality of products produced, can contribute to the cost and time needed to maintain existing products and develop and introduce new products.

We have traditionally funded working capital needs through product sales and close management of working capital components of our business.  Historically, we have also received cash from private offerings of our common stock, warrants to purchase shares of our common stock, and notes. In our earlier years, we incurred quarter to quarter operating losses to develop current product applications, utilizing a number of proprietary and patent-pending technologies.  Although we maintained profitability during the several years prior to 2020, we expect that operating losses could continue in the future.  Should that situation arise, we may not be able to obtain working capital funds necessary in the time frame needed, at satisfactory terms or at all. 

On October 31, 2014, we purchased the commercial property we use as our corporate headquarters and certain adjacent property in Wheat Ridge, Colorado for a total purchase price of $1,949,139, of which we paid $368,033 in cash and financed the remaining $1,581,106 through a 10-year term loan from Bank of America bearing interest at 4.45% per annum (amended to 4% per annum in 2017), secured by a first-priority security interest in the property we acquired with the loan. This loan was paid on September 30, 2021 with proceeds from a new term loan from Citywide Banks, also secured by a first-priority mortgage on the property, bearing interest at 2.95% per annum. In connection with the original term loan, we obtained a one-year $250,000 revolving line of credit facility with Bank of America, which matured on October 31, 2015 and was extended to June 30, 2018. The agreement was amended to increase the amount of the line to $750,000 and extend the maturity date to September 28, 2021. The revolving line of credit facility expired in accordance with its terms and has not been renewed. There was no balance due on the line of credit as of June 30, 2021 or as of its expiration.

Equipment and software purchased during the six months ended June 30, 2022 was $40,753, compared to $58,461 in the same period a year ago. 

As of June 30, 2022, cash was $2,251,315, accounts receivable were $735,675 and current liabilities were $874,087 resulting in a net liquid asset amount of $2,112,903.  We believe that the introduction of several new products during the last several years, along with new and on-going customer relationships, will continue to generate sufficient revenues to return to profitability.  If these revenues are not achieved on a timely basis, we may be required to implement cost reduction measures, as necessary.

We generally provide a standard one-year warranty on materials and workmanship to our customers.  We provide for estimated warranty costs at the time product revenue is recognized.  Warranty costs are included as a component of cost of goods sold in the accompanying statements of income.  For the quarter ended June 30, 2022 and for the quarter ended June 30, 2021, warranty costs were not deemed significant.

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Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

Our financial statements and accompanying notes have been prepared in accordance with United States generally accepted accounting principles applied on a consistent basis. The preparation of financial statements in conformity with United States generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods.

We regularly evaluate the accounting policies and estimates that we use to prepare our financial statements.  In general, management’s estimates are based on historical experience, on information from third party professionals, and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the facts and circumstances. Actual results could differ from those estimates made by management.

Our discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations are based upon our financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States.  The preparation of these financial statements requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, sales and expenses, and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities.  On an on-going basis, we evaluate our estimates, including those related to bad debts, inventories, sales returns, warranty, contingencies and litigation.  We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources.  Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.  We believe the following critical accounting policies affect the more significant judgments and estimates used in the preparation of our financial statements.

We have concluded that we have two operating segments, including our primary business which is as a developer, manufacturer, lessor and marketer of portable hand-held breathalyzers and related accessories, supplies, education, training and royalties from development contracts and a second segment consisting of renting portions of our building to existing tenants. 

We maintain allowances for doubtful accounts for estimated losses resulting from the inability of our customers to make required payments.  If the financial condition of our customers were to deteriorate, resulting in an impairment of their ability to make payments, additional allowances would be required, which would increase our expenses during the periods in which any such allowances were made.  The amount recorded as a provision for bad debts in each period is based upon our assessment of the likelihood that we will be paid on our outstanding receivables, based on customer-specific as well as general considerations.  To the extent that our estimates prove to be too high, and we ultimately collect a receivable previously determined to be impaired, we may record a reversal of the provision in the period of such determination.

We reduce inventory for estimated obsolete or unmarketable inventory equal to the difference between the cost of inventory and the estimated market value based upon assumptions about future demand and market conditions.  If actual market conditions are less favorable than those projected by management, additional inventory write-downs may be required.  Any write-downs of inventory would reduce our reported net income during the period in which such write-downs were applied.

Property and equipment are stated at cost, with depreciation computed over the estimated useful lives of the assets, generally five years (three years for software and technology licenses).  We use the double declining method of depreciation for property and equipment, and the straight line method for software and technology licenses. We purchased all of the assets of STS, an online education company, in 2014, which consisted of training courses that are amortized over 15 years using the straight line method.  In October 2014, we purchased our building. A majority of the cost of the building is depreciated over 39 years using the straight line method. In addition, based on the results of a third party analysis, a portion of the cost was allocated to components integral to the building.  Such components are depreciated over 5 and 15 years, using the double declining method and the straight line method respectively.  Maintenance and repairs are expensed as incurred and major additions, replacements and improvements are capitalized.

In March 2017, we acquired the R.A.D.A.R.® assets from TRCK, which consisted of production equipment and of hardware device technology (the “Devices”) that are depreciated over 5 years using the double declining balance method when placed in service. With the R.A.D.A.R.® assets, we also purchased software designed to measure breath alcohol content of the user and software technology designed to allow the Devices to be configured and to capture and manage the data being returned from the Device, as well as 6 issued U.S. patents and 16 domestic and international patent applications.  This software and the patents and patent applications were originally set to amortize over 15 years using the straight line method, but in 2022 we accelerated the amortization of the remaining cost to fully depreciate the assets by December 31, 2022.

 

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Revenue from product sales and supplies is generally recorded when we ship the product and title has passed to the customer, provided that we have evidence of a customer arrangement and can conclude that collection is probable.  The prices at which we sell our products are fixed and determinable at the time we accept a customer’s order. We recognize revenue from sales to stocking distributors when there is no right of return, other than for normal warranty claims, and generally have no ongoing obligations related to product sales, except for normal warranty.

The sales of licenses to our training courses are recognized as revenue at the time of sale.  Training and certification revenues are recognized at the time the training and certification occurs.  Data recording revenue is recognized based on each day’s usage of enrolled devices.

Revenues arising from extended warranty contracts are booked as sales over their life on a straight-line basis.  We are providing for customer financing and leasing, which we recognize as revenue over the applicable lease term.  Occasionally, we rent used equipment to customers, and in those cases, we recognize the revenues as they are earned over the life of the contract.  Revenues from rental of equipment and extended service plans are recognized over the life of the contracts.  

Royalty income is recognized in accordance with agreed upon terms, when performance obligations are satisfied, the amount is fixed or determinable and collectability is reasonably assured.

Rental income from space leased to our tenants is recognized in the month in which it is due.

On occasion we receive customer deposits for future product orders.  Customer deposits are initially recorded as a liability and recognized as revenue when the product is shipped and title has passed to the customer.

Stock-based compensation is presented in accordance with the guidance of Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 718, Compensation — Stock Compensation (“ASC 718”).  Under the provisions of ASC 718, companies are required to estimate the fair value of share-based payment awards made to employees and directors including employee stock options based on estimated fair values on the date of grant using an option-pricing model.  The value of the portion of the award that is ultimately expected to vest is recognized as expense over the requisite service periods in our statement of operations.

ITEM 3 – QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

Not applicable.

ITEM 4 – CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

(a)        Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

As of the end of the period covered by this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, our management has evaluated, under the supervision and with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934).  Disclosure controls and procedures are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in our reports filed under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission’s rules and forms and that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.  Based on this evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of June 30, 2022.

(b)       Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

There were no significant changes in our internal controls over financial reporting during the period ended June 30, 2022 that have materially affected, or that are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

Limitations on the Effectiveness of Controls

A control system, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the control system's objectives will be met.  Our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Financial Officer, do not expect that the Company's disclosure controls will prevent or detect all errors and all fraud.  Further, the design of a control system must reflect the fact that there are resource constraints, and the benefits of controls must be considered relative to their costs.  Because of the inherent limitations in all control systems, no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance that all control issues and instances of fraud, if any, within the Company have been detected.  These inherent limitations include the realities that judgments in decision making can be faulty, and that breakdowns can occur because of simple error or mistake.  Controls can also be circumvented by the individual acts of some persons, by collusion of two or more people, or by management override of the controls.  The design of any system of controls is based in part upon certain assumptions about the likelihood of future events, and there can be no assurance that any design will succeed in achieving its stated goals under all potential future conditions.  Over time, controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions or deterioration in the degree of compliance with associated policies or procedures.  Because of the inherent limitations in a cost-effective control system, misstatements due to error or fraud may occur and not be detected. 

 

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PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

ITEM 1 – LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

We may be involved from time to time in litigation, negotiation and settlement matters that may have a material effect on our operations or finances. We are not aware of any pending or threatened litigation against us or our officers or directors in their capacity as such that could have a material impact on our operations or finances.

ITEM 1A – RISK FACTORS

In addition to the other information set forth in this report, you should carefully consider the factors discussed “Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021, which could materially affect our business, financial condition and/or future results.  The risks described in our Annual Report on Form 10-K are not the only risks facing us.  Additional risks and uncertainties not currently known to us or that we currently deem to be immaterial also may materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and/or operating results.

ITEM 2 – UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS

No options were exercised during the three months ended June 30, 2022 or during the three months ended June 30, 2021.  There were no sales of equity securities during the three months ended June 30, 2022 or during the three months ended June 30, 2021.

ITEM 3 – DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES

None.

ITEM 4 – MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

Not applicable.

ITEM 5 – OTHER INFORMATION

None.

ITEM 6 – EXHIBITS

The following exhibits are filed with this report on Form 10-Q or are incorporated by reference:

Exhibit No.   Description of Exhibit
31.1   Certification of Principal Executive Officer Pursuant To Section 302 Of The Sarbanes—Oxley Act Of 2002
31.2   Certification of Principal Financial Officer Pursuant To Section 302 Of The Sarbanes—Oxley Act Of 2002
32.1   Certification of Chief Executive Officer Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
32.2   Certification of Chief Financial Officer Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
101.INS   Inline XBRL Instance Document - the instance document does not appear in the Interactive Data File because its XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document.
101.SCH   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
101.CAL   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
101.LAB   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
101.PRE   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document
101.DEF   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document

 

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SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Exchange Act, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

    LIFELOC TECHNOLOGIES, INC.  
       
August 10, 2022   By:    /s/ Wayne R. Willkomm              
Date   Wayne R. Willkomm, Ph.D.  
   

President and Chief Executive Officer

(Principal Executive Officer)

 
       
August 10, 2022   By:    /s/ Michelle Heim              
Date   Michelle Heim  
   

Controller

(Principal Accounting Officer)

 

 

 

 

 

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Exhibit Index

Exhibit No.   Description of Exhibit
31.1   Certification of Principal Executive Officer Pursuant To Section 302 Of The Sarbanes—Oxley Act Of 2002
31.2   Certification of Principal Financial Officer Pursuant To Section 302 Of The Sarbanes—Oxley Act Of 2002
32.1   Certification of Chief Executive Officer Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
32.2   Certification of Chief Financial Officer Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
101.INS   Inline XBRL Instance Document - the instance document does not appear in the Interactive Data File because its XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document.  
101.SCH   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document  
101.CAL   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document  
101.LAB   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document  
101.PRE   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document  
101.DEF   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document  

 

 

 

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