10-Q 1 d810885d10q.htm 10-Q 10-Q
falseQ10000853816--12-28Includes power-only, expedited, straight truck, cargo van, and miscellaneous other truck transportation revenue generated by the transportation logistics segment. Power-only refers to shipments where the Company furnishes a power unit and an operator but not trailing equipment, which is typically provided by the shipper or consignee. 0000853816 2023-12-31 2024-03-30 0000853816 2023-01-01 2023-04-01 0000853816 2024-03-30 0000853816 2023-12-30 0000853816 2024-02-02 2024-02-02 0000853816 2023-04-01 0000853816 2024-04-22 0000853816 2022-12-31 0000853816 us-gaap:MoneyMarketFundsMember 2024-03-30 0000853816 us-gaap:AssetBackedSecuritiesMember 2024-03-30 0000853816 lstr:CorporateBondsAndDirectObligationsOfGovernmentAgenciesMember 2024-03-30 0000853816 us-gaap:USTreasurySecuritiesMember 2024-03-30 0000853816 us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember 2024-03-30 0000853816 lstr:GuaranteePaymentOfInsuranceClaimsMember 2024-03-30 0000853816 lstr:TwoThousandAndTwentyTwoDirectorsStockCompensationPlanMember 2024-03-30 0000853816 lstr:TwoThousandElevenEquityIncentivePlanMember 2024-03-30 0000853816 lstr:TransportationLogisticsMember 2024-03-30 0000853816 us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember 2024-03-30 0000853816 lstr:NonVestedRestrictedStockAndDeferredStockUnitsMember 2024-03-30 0000853816 us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember srt:MinimumMember 2024-03-30 0000853816 lstr:NonCurrentInvestmentsMember 2024-03-30 0000853816 srt:MinimumMember 2024-03-30 0000853816 srt:MaximumMember 2024-03-30 0000853816 us-gaap:CollateralPledgedMember lstr:CurrentInvestmentsMember 2024-03-30 0000853816 us-gaap:CollateralPledgedMember lstr:NonCurrentInvestmentsMember 2024-03-30 0000853816 us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember 2024-03-30 0000853816 us-gaap:MoneyMarketFundsMember 2023-12-30 0000853816 us-gaap:AssetBackedSecuritiesMember 2023-12-30 0000853816 lstr:CorporateBondsAndDirectObligationsOfGovernmentAgenciesMember 2023-12-30 0000853816 us-gaap:USTreasurySecuritiesMember 2023-12-30 0000853816 us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember 2023-12-30 0000853816 lstr:TransportationLogisticsMember 2023-01-01 2023-04-01 0000853816 us-gaap:RelatedPartyMember 2023-01-01 2023-04-01 0000853816 us-gaap:RelatedPartyMember lstr:InsuranceMember 2023-01-01 2023-04-01 0000853816 lstr:InsuranceMember 2023-01-01 2023-04-01 0000853816 us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember 2023-01-01 2023-04-01 0000853816 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2023-01-01 2023-04-01 0000853816 us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember 2023-01-01 2023-04-01 0000853816 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2023-01-01 2023-04-01 0000853816 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2023-01-01 2023-04-01 0000853816 us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember 2023-01-01 2023-04-01 0000853816 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2023-01-01 2023-04-01 0000853816 lstr:BcoIndependentContractorMember 2023-01-01 2023-04-01 0000853816 lstr:TruckBrokerageCarriersMember 2023-01-01 2023-04-01 0000853816 lstr:RailIntermodalMember 2023-01-01 2023-04-01 0000853816 lstr:OceanAndAirCargoCarriersMember 2023-01-01 2023-04-01 0000853816 lstr:BcoIndependentContractorTruckAndBrokerageCarriersTruckMember lstr:UnsidedPlatformEquipmentMember 2023-01-01 2023-04-01 0000853816 lstr:BcoIndependentContractorTruckAndBrokerageCarriersTruckMember lstr:VanEquipmentMember 2023-01-01 2023-04-01 0000853816 lstr:BcoIndependentContractorTruckAndBrokerageCarriersTruckMember lstr:LessThanTruckloadMember 2023-01-01 2023-04-01 0000853816 lstr:BcoIndependentContractorTruckAndBrokerageCarriersTruckMember lstr:OtherTruckTransportationMember 2023-01-01 2023-04-01 0000853816 us-gaap:RelatedPartyMember 2023-12-31 2024-03-30 0000853816 us-gaap:RelatedPartyMember lstr:InsuranceMember 2023-12-31 2024-03-30 0000853816 lstr:InsuranceMember 2023-12-31 2024-03-30 0000853816 lstr:TransportationLogisticsMember 2023-12-31 2024-03-30 0000853816 lstr:NonVestedRestrictedStockAndDeferredStockUnitsMember 2023-12-31 2024-03-30 0000853816 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2023-12-31 2024-03-30 0000853816 us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember 2023-12-31 2024-03-30 0000853816 us-gaap:AccumulatedNetUnrealizedInvestmentGainLossMember 2023-12-31 2024-03-30 0000853816 us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember 2023-12-31 2024-03-30 0000853816 us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember srt:MaximumMember 2023-12-31 2024-03-30 0000853816 us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember srt:MaximumMember 2023-12-31 2024-03-30 0000853816 us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember srt:MinimumMember 2023-12-31 2024-03-30 0000853816 us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember srt:MaximumMember us-gaap:BaseRateMember 2023-12-31 2024-03-30 0000853816 us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember srt:MinimumMember us-gaap:BaseRateMember 2023-12-31 2024-03-30 0000853816 us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember srt:MaximumMember us-gaap:SecuredOvernightFinancingRateSofrOvernightIndexSwapRateMember 2023-12-31 2024-03-30 0000853816 us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember srt:MinimumMember us-gaap:SecuredOvernightFinancingRateSofrOvernightIndexSwapRateMember 2023-12-31 2024-03-30 0000853816 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2023-12-31 2024-03-30 0000853816 us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember 2023-12-31 2024-03-30 0000853816 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2023-12-31 2024-03-30 0000853816 us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember 2023-12-31 2024-03-30 0000853816 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2023-12-31 2024-03-30 0000853816 lstr:DeferredStockUnitMember lstr:TwoThousandAndTwentyTwoDirectorsStockCompensationPlanMember 2023-12-31 2024-03-30 0000853816 lstr:BcoIndependentContractorMember 2023-12-31 2024-03-30 0000853816 lstr:TruckBrokerageCarriersMember 2023-12-31 2024-03-30 0000853816 lstr:RailIntermodalMember 2023-12-31 2024-03-30 0000853816 lstr:OceanAndAirCargoCarriersMember 2023-12-31 2024-03-30 0000853816 lstr:BcoIndependentContractorTruckAndBrokerageCarriersTruckMember lstr:UnsidedPlatformEquipmentMember 2023-12-31 2024-03-30 0000853816 lstr:BcoIndependentContractorTruckAndBrokerageCarriersTruckMember lstr:LessThanTruckloadMember 2023-12-31 2024-03-30 0000853816 lstr:BcoIndependentContractorTruckAndBrokerageCarriersTruckMember lstr:OtherTruckTransportationMember 2023-12-31 2024-03-30 0000853816 lstr:BcoIndependentContractorTruckAndBrokerageCarriersTruckMember lstr:VanEquipmentMember 2023-12-31 2024-03-30 0000853816 us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember 2022-07-01 2022-07-01 0000853816 us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember 2022-07-01 0000853816 us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember srt:MaximumMember 2022-07-01 0000853816 lstr:TransportationLogisticsMember 2023-04-01 0000853816 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2022-12-31 0000853816 us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember 2022-12-31 0000853816 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2022-12-31 0000853816 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2022-12-31 0000853816 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2022-12-31 0000853816 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2023-04-01 0000853816 us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember 2023-04-01 0000853816 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2023-04-01 0000853816 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2023-04-01 0000853816 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2023-04-01 0000853816 us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember 2023-12-30 0000853816 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2023-12-30 0000853816 us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember 2023-12-30 0000853816 us-gaap:AccumulatedNetUnrealizedInvestmentGainLossMember 2023-12-30 0000853816 lstr:NonVestedRestrictedStockAndDeferredStockUnitsMember 2023-12-30 0000853816 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2024-03-30 0000853816 us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember 2024-03-30 0000853816 us-gaap:AccumulatedNetUnrealizedInvestmentGainLossMember 2024-03-30 0000853816 us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember 2023-12-30 0000853816 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2023-12-30 0000853816 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2023-12-30 0000853816 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2023-12-30 0000853816 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2024-03-30 0000853816 us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember 2024-03-30 0000853816 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2024-03-30 0000853816 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2024-03-30 iso4217:USD xbrli:pure utr:Year xbrli:shares iso4217:USD xbrli:shares lstr:Customer
 
 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
 
FORM 10-Q
 
 
(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 30, 2024
OR
 
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from    _________________ to _____________________
Commission File Number: 0-21238
 
 
 

LANDSTAR SYSTEM, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
 
 
Delaware
 
06-1313069
(State or other jurisdiction
of incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
13410 Sutton Park Drive South, Jacksonville, Florida
(Address of principal executive offices)
32224
(Zip Code)
(904) 398-9400
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
N/A
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
 
Title of each class
 
Trading
Symbol(s)
 
Name of each exchange
on which registered
Common Stock
 
LSTR
 
NASDAQ
 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days:
Yes
 No ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files):
Yes
 No ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
 
Large accelerated filer  
   Accelerated filer  
Non-accelerated filer      Smaller reporting company  
     Emerging growth company  
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
Yes ☐ No 
The number of shares of the registrant’s common stock, par value $0.01 per share, outstanding as of the close of business on April 22, 2024 was 35,762,038.
 
 
 


Index

 

PART I – Financial Information

 

Item 1. Financial Statements (unaudited)

  

Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 30, 2024 and December 30, 2023

     Page 4  

Consolidated Statements of Income for the Thirteen Weeks Ended March 30, 2024 and April 1, 2023

     Page 5  

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the Thirteen Weeks Ended March 30, 2024 and April 1, 2023

     Page 6  

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Thirteen Weeks Ended March 30, 2024 and April 1, 2023

     Page 7  

Consolidated Statements of Changes in Shareholders’ Equity for the Thirteen Weeks Ended March 30, 2024 and April 1, 2023

     Page 8  

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

     Page 9  

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

     Page 17  

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

     Page 28  

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

     Page 29  

PART II – Other Information

 

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

     Page 29  

Item 1A. Risk Factors

     Page 29  

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

     Page 29  

Item 5. Other Information

     Page 30  

Item 6. Exhibits

     Page 30  

Signatures

     Page 32  

EX – 31.1 Section 302 CEO Certification

  

EX – 31.2 Section 302 CFO Certification

  

EX – 32.1 Section 906 CEO Certification

  

EX – 32.2 Section 906 CFO Certification

  

 

2


2.50http://fasb.org/us-gaap/2023#OtherAssetsNoncurrenthttp://fasb.org/us-gaap/2023#OtherLiabilitiesCurrenthttp://fasb.org/us-gaap/2023#DeferredIncomeTaxesAndOtherLiabilitiesNoncurrenthttp://fasb.org/us-gaap/2023#PropertyPlantAndEquipmentNet
 
PART I -
FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements
The interim consolidated financial statements contained herein reflect all adjustments (all of a normal, recurring nature) which, in the opinion of management, are necessary for a fair statement of the financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and changes in shareholders’ equity for the periods presented. They have been prepared in accordance with Rule
10-01
of Regulation
S-X
and do not include all the information and footnotes required by generally accepted accounting principles for complete financial statements. Operating results for the thirteen weeks ended March 30, 2024 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the entire fiscal year ending December 28, 2024.
These interim consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s 2023 Annual Report on Form
10-K.
 
3

LANDSTAR SYSTEM, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
 
    
March 30,

2024
   
December 30,

2023
 
ASSETS
    
Current Assets
    
Cash and cash equivalents
   $ 467,671     $ 481,043  
Short-term investments
     62,781       59,661  
Trade accounts receivable, less allowance of $
11,764
and $
11,738
     723,841       743,762  
Other receivables, including advances to independent contractors, less allowance of $
14,310
and $
14,010
     40,535       43,339  
Other current assets
     15,540       24,936  
  
 
 
   
 
 
 
Total current assets
     1,310,368       1,352,741  
  
 
 
   
 
 
 
Operating property, less accumulated depreciation and amortization of $
442,898
and $
436,682
     279,552       284,300  
Goodwill
     42,381       42,275  
Other assets
     113,540       122,530  
  
 
 
   
 
 
 
Total assets
   $ 1,745,841     $ 1,801,846  
  
 
 
   
 
 
 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
    
Current Liabilities
    
Cash overdraft
   $ 51,674     $ 61,541  
Accounts payable
     384,267       395,980  
Current maturities of long-term debt
     26,730       27,876  
Insurance claims
     40,683       41,825  
Dividends payable
           71,433  
Other current liabilities
     86,318       76,569  
  
 
 
   
 
 
 
Total current liabilities
     589,672       675,224  
  
 
 
   
 
 
 
Long-term debt, excluding current maturities
     38,496       43,264  
Insurance claims
     59,668       58,922  
Deferred income taxes and other noncurrent liabilities
     40,094       40,513  
Shareholders’ Equity
    
Common stock, $0.01 par value, authorized 160,000,000 shares, issued
68,547,553
and
68,497,324
shares
     685       685  
Additional paid-in capital
     254,192       254,642  
Retained earnings
     2,818,939       2,783,645  
Cost of
32,785,515
and
32,780,651
shares of common stock in treasury
     (2,049,070     (2,048,184
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
     (6,835     (6,865
  
 
 
   
 
 
 
Total shareholders’ equity
     1,017,911       983,923  
  
 
 
   
 
 
 
Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity
   $ 1,745,841     $ 1,801,846  
  
 
 
   
 
 
 
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.
 
4

LANDSTAR SYSTEM, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
 
    
Thirteen Weeks Ended
 
    
March 30,

2024
   
April 1,

2023
 
Revenue
   $ 1,171,043     $ 1,435,675  
Investment income
     3,412       1,368  
Costs and expenses:
    
Purchased transportation
     905,521       1,101,294  
Commissions to agents
     97,282       125,675  
Other operating costs, net of gains on asset sales/dispositions
     14,859       12,378  
Insurance and claims
     26,268       27,647  
Selling, general and administrative
     56,422       53,567  
Depreciation and amortization
     14,142       15,198  
  
 
 
   
 
 
 
Total costs and expenses
     1,114,494       1,335,759  
  
 
 
   
 
 
 
Operating income
     59,961       101,284  
Interest and debt (income) expense
     (1,611     (726
  
 
 
   
 
 
 
Income before income taxes
     61,572       102,010  
Income taxes
     14,476       23,815  
  
 
 
   
 
 
 
Net income
   $ 47,096     $ 78,195  
  
 
 
   
 
 
 
Basic and diluted earnings per share
   $ 1.32     $ 2.17  
  
 
 
   
 
 
 
Average basic and diluted shares outstanding
     35,750,000       35,982,000  
  
 
 
   
 
 
 
Dividends per common share
   $ 0.33     $ 0.30  
  
 
 
   
 
 
 
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.
 
5

LANDSTAR SYSTEM, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(Dollars in thousands)
(Unaudited)
 
    
Thirteen Weeks Ended
 
    
March 30,

2024
   
April 1,

2023
 
Net income
   $ 47,096     $ 78,195  
Other comprehensive income (loss):
    
Unrealized holding gains on available-for-sale investments, net of tax expense of $
92
and $
306
     336       1,120  
Foreign currency translation (losses) gains
     (306     1,711  
  
 
 
   
 
 
 
Other comprehensive income
     30       2,831  
  
 
 
   
 
 
 
Comprehensive income
   $ 47,126     $ 81,026  
  
 
 
   
 
 
 
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.
 
6

LANDSTAR SYSTEM, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Dollars in thousands)
(Unaudited)
 
    
Thirteen Weeks Ended
 
    
March 30,

2024
   
April 1,

2023
 
OPERATING ACTIVITIES
    
Net income
   $ 47,096     $ 78,195  
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
    
Depreciation and amortization
     14,142       15,198  
Non-cash interest charges
     66       66  
Provisions for losses on trade and other accounts receivable
     3,854       3,199  
Gains on sales/disposals of operating property
     (248     (1,140
Deferred income taxes, net
     (1,259     758  
Stock-based compensation
     1,724       1,852  
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
    
Decrease in trade and other accounts receivable
     18,871       67,776  
Decrease in other assets
     11,574       8,625  
Decrease in accounts payable
     (11,713     (37,068
Increase in other liabilities
     10,497       2,640  
Decrease in insurance claims
     (396     (1,066
  
 
 
   
 
 
 
NET CASH PROVIDED BY OPERATING ACTIVITIES
     94,208       139,035  
  
 
 
   
 
 
 
INVESTING ACTIVITIES
    
Sales and maturities of investments
     19,923       40,349  
Purchases of investments
     (15,869     (31,425
Purchases of operating property
     (9,281     (6,233
Proceeds from sales of operating property
     1,585       1,645  
  
 
 
   
 
 
 
NET CASH (USED) PROVIDED BY INVESTING ACTIVITIES
     (3,642     4,336  
  
 
 
   
 
 
 
FINANCING ACTIVITIES
    
Decrease in cash overdraft
     (9,867     (26,758
Dividends paid
     (83,235     (82,660
Proceeds from exercises of stock options
           28  
Taxes paid in lieu of shares issued related to stock-based compensation plans
     (3,060     (8,236
Purchases of common stock
           (15,433
Principal payments on finance lease obligations
     (7,239     (9,408
  
 
 
   
 
 
 
NET CASH USED BY FINANCING ACTIVITIES
     (103,401     (142,467
  
 
 
   
 
 
 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
     (537     502  
  
 
 
   
 
 
 
(Decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents
     (13,372     1,406  
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
     481,043       339,581  
  
 
 
   
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
   $ 467,671     $ 340,987  
  
 
 
   
 
 
 
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.
 
7
LANDSTAR SYSTEM, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Thirteen Weeks Ended March 30, 2024 and April 1, 2023
(Dollars in thousands)
(Unaudited)
 

 
  
 
Common Stock
 
  
Additional

Paid-In

Capital
 
 
Retained

Earnings
 
 
Treasury Stock at Cost
 
 
Accumulated

Other

 Comprehensive 

(Loss) Income
 
 
 
 
 
  
Shares
 
  
Amount
 
 
Shares
 
  
Amount
 
 
Total
 
Balance December 30, 2023
     68,497,324      $ 685      $ 254,642     $ 2,783,645       32,780,651      $ (2,048,184   $ (6,865   $ 983,923  
Net income
             47,096              47,096  
Dividends ($
0.33
per share)
             (11,802            (11,802
Issuance of stock related to stock-based compensation plans
     50,229           (2,174       4,864        (886       (3,060
Stock-based compensation
           1,724                1,724  
Other comprehensive income
                    30       30  
  
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
    
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
 
Balance March 30, 2024
     68,547,553      $ 685      $ 254,192     $ 2,818,939       32,785,515      $ (2,049,070   $ (6,835   $ 1,017,911  
  
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
    
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
  
 
Common Stock
 
  
Additional

Paid-In

Capital
 
 
Retained

Earnings
 
 
Treasury Stock at Cost
 
 
Accumulated

Other
Comprehensive

(Loss) Income
 
 
 
 
 
  
Shares
 
  
Amount
 
 
Shares
 
  
Amount
 
 
   Total   
 
Balance December 31, 2022
     68,382,310      $ 684      $ 258,487     $ 2,635,960       32,455,300      $ (1,992,886   $ (15,024   $ 887,221  
Net income
             78,195              78,195  
Dividends ($0.30 per share)
             (10,806            (10,806
Purchases of common stock
               89,661        (15,433       (15,433
Issuance of stock related to stock-based compensation plans
     101,653        1        (7,201       5,891        (1,008       (8,208
Stock-based compensation
           1,852                1,852  
Other comprehensive income
                    2,831       2,831  
  
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
    
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
 
Balance April 1, 2023
     68,483,963      $ 685      $ 253,138     $ 2,703,349       32,550,852      $ (2,009,327   $ (12,193   $ 935,652  
  
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
    
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
 
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.
 
8

LANDSTAR SYSTEM, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Landstar System, Inc. and its subsidiary, Landstar System Holdings, Inc., and reflect all adjustments (all of a normal, recurring nature) which are, in the opinion of management, necessary for a fair statement of the results for the periods presented. The preparation of the consolidated financial statements requires the use of management’s estimates. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Landstar System, Inc. and its subsidiary are herein referred to as “Landstar” or the “Company.” Significant intercompany accounts have been eliminated in consolidation.
(1) Significant Accounting Policies
Revenue from Contracts with Customers – Disaggregation of Revenue
The following table summarizes (i) the percentage of consolidated revenue generated by mode of transportation and (ii) the total amount of truck transportation revenue hauled by BCO Independent Contractors and Truck Brokerage Carriers generated by equipment type during the thirteen-week periods ended March 30, 2024 and April 1, 2023 (dollars in thousands):
 
    
Thirteen Weeks Ended
 

  
March 30,

2024
   
April 1,

2023
 
Mode
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Truck – BCO Independent Contractors
     39     36
Truck – Truck Brokerage Carriers
     53     56
Rail intermodal
     2     2
Ocean and air cargo carriers
     5     4
Truck Equipment Type
    
Van equipment
   $ 628,304     $ 755,083  
Unsided/platform equipment
   $ 343,045     $ 377,564  
Less-than-truckload
   $ 25,617     $ 31,558  
Other truck transportation (1)
   $ 71,966     $ 159,503  
 
(1)
Includes power-only, expedited, straight truck, cargo van, and miscellaneous other truck transportation revenue generated by the transportation logistics segment. Power-only refers to shipments where the Company furnishes a power unit and an operator but not trailing equipment, which is typically provided by the shipper or consignee.
 
9

(2) Share-based Payment Arrangements
As of March 30, 2024, the Company has an employee equity incentive plan, the 2011 equity incentive plan (the “2011 EIP”). The Company also has a stock compensation plan for members of its Board of Directors, the 2022 Directors Stock Compensation Plan (the “2022 DSCP”). 6,000,000 shares of the Company’s common stock were authorized for issuance under the 2011 EIP and 200,000 shares of the Company’s common stock were authorized for issuance under the 2022 DSCP. The 2011 EIP and 2022 DSCP are each referred to herein as a “Plan,” and, collectively, as the “Plans.” Amounts recognized in the financial statements with respect to these Plans are as follows (in thousands):
 
    
Thirteen Weeks Ended
 
    
March 30,

2024
    
April 1,

2023
 
Total cost of the Plans during the period
   $ 1,724      $ 1,852  
Amount of related income tax benefit recognized during the period
     (1,152      (2,751
  
 
 
    
 
 
 
Net cost of the Plans during the period
   $ 572      $ (899
  
 
 
    
 
 
 
Included in income tax benefits recognized in the thirteen-week periods ended March 30, 2024 and April 1, 2023 were excess tax benefits from stock-based awards of $729,000 and $2,296,000, respectively.
As of March 30, 2024, there were 187,260 shares of the Company’s common stock reserved for issuance under the 2022 DSCP and 2,750,207 shares of the Company’s common stock reserved for issuance under the 2011 EIP.
Restricted Stock Units
The following table summarizes information regarding the Company’s outstanding restricted stock unit (“RSU”) awards with either a performance condition or a market condition under the Plans:
 
 
  
Number of

RSUs
 
  
Weighted Average

Grant Date

Fair Value
 
Outstanding at December 30, 2023
     132,722      $ 138.93  
Granted
     102,253      $ 138.86  
Vested shares
     (36,249    $ 131.10  
Forfeited
     (2,173    $ 148.85  
  
 
 
    
Outstanding at March 30, 2024
     196,553      $ 140.23  
  
 
 
    
During the thirteen-week period ended March 30, 2024, the Company granted RSUs with a performance condition and RSUs with a market condition, as further described below. Outstanding RSUs at both December 30, 2023 and March 30, 2024 include RSUs with a performance condition and RSUs with a market condition, as further described below and in the Company’s 2023 Annual Report on Form
10-K.
RSUs with a performance condition granted on February 2, 2024 may vest on January 31 of 2027, 2028 and 2029 based on growth in operating income and pre-tax income per diluted share from continuing operations as compared to the results from the 2023 fiscal year.
On February 2, 2024, the Company granted 58,268 RSUs
that vest based on a market condition. These RSUs may vest based on the achievement of the target Company’s total shareholder return (“TSR”) compound annual growth rate, adjusted to reflect dividends (if any) paid during such periods and capital adjustments as may be necessary, and are eligible to vest annually starting after the sixth anniversary of the grant date and concluding after the tenth anniversary of the grant date. The fair value of this RSU award was determined at the time of grant based on the expected achievement of the market condition. With respect to these RSU awards, the Company reports compensation expense ratably over the service period of the award based on the number of units granted multiplied by the grant date fair value of the RSU. Previously recognized compensation cost would be reversed only if the employee did not complete the requisite service period due to termination of employment.
 
10

The Company recognized approximately $632,000 and $958,000 of share-based compensation expense related to RSU awards in the thirteen-week periods ended March 30, 2024 and April 1, 2023, respectively. As of March 30, 2024, there was a maximum of $49.3 million of total unrecognized compensation cost related to RSU awards granted under the Plans with an expected average remaining life of approximately 4.5 years. With respect to RSU awards with a performance condition, the amount of future compensation expense to be recognized will be determined based on future operating results.
Non-vested Restricted Stock and Deferred Stock Units
The following table summarizes information regarding the Company’s outstanding shares of non-vested restricted stock and Deferred Stock Units (defined below) under the Plans:
 
    
Number of Shares

and Deferred Stock

Units
    
Weighted Average

Grant Date

Fair Value
 
Non-vested at December 30, 2023
     46,348      $ 158.38  
Granted
     25,151      $ 188.78  
Vested
     (16,169    $ 152.07  
Forfeited
     (295    $ 169.89  
  
 
 
    
Non-vested at March 30, 2024
     55,035      $ 174.07  
  
 
 
    
The fair value of each share of non-vested restricted stock issued and Deferred Stock Unit granted under the Plans is based on the fair value of a share of the Company’s common stock on the date of grant. Shares of non-vested restricted stock are generally subject to vesting in three equal annual installments either on the first, second and third anniversary of the date of the grant or the third, fourth and fifth anniversary of the date of the grant, in two equal annual installments on the first and second anniversary of the date of the grant or 100% on the first, third or fifth anniversary of the date of the grant. For restricted stock awards granted under the 2022 DSCP, each recipient may elect to defer receipt of shares and instead receive restricted stock units (“Deferred Stock Units”), which represent contingent rights to receive shares of the Company’s common stock on the date of the recipient’s separation from service from the Board of Directors, or, if earlier, upon a change in control event of the Company. Deferred Stock Units become vested 100% on the first anniversary of the date of the grant. Deferred Stock Units do not represent actual ownership in shares of the Company’s common stock and the recipient does not have voting rights or other incidents of ownership until the shares are issued. However, Deferred Stock Units do contain the right to receive dividend equivalent payments prior to settlement into shares.
As of March 30, 2024, there was $7,427,000 of total unrecognized compensation cost related to non-vested shares of restricted stock and Deferred Stock Units granted under the Plans. The unrecognized compensation cost related to these non-vested shares of restricted stock and Deferred Stock Units is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 2.2 years.
Stock Options
The Company had no remaining issued and outstanding vested or unvested stock options or unrecognized compensation costs related to non-vested stock options granted under the Plans as of December 30, 2023 and March 30, 2024. The total intrinsic value of stock options exercised during the thirteen-week period ended April 1, 2023 was $218,000.
(3) Income Taxes
The provisions for income taxes for the 2024 and 2023 thirteen-week periods were based on estimated annual effective income tax rates of 24.5% and 24.4%, respectively, adjusted for discrete events, such as benefits resulting from stock-based awards. The effective income tax rate for the 2024 thirteen-week period was 23.5%. The effective income tax rate was higher than the statutory federal income tax rate of 21% in the 2024 period primarily attributable to state taxes. The effective income tax rate for the 2023 thirteen-week period was 23.3%. The effective income tax rate was higher than the statutory federal income tax rate of 21% in the 2023 period primarily attributable to state taxes.
(4) Earnings Per Share
Basic earnings per common share are based on the weighted average number of shares outstanding, which includes outstanding
non-vested
restricted stock and outstanding Deferred Stock Units. Diluted earnings per share are based on the weighted average number of common shares outstanding plus the incremental shares that would have been outstanding upon the assumed exercise of all dilutive stock options. For each of the thirteen-week periods ended March 30, 2024 and April 1, 2023, the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding is the same for purposes of the calculations of both basic and diluted earnings per share. During and as of the thirteen-week
 
11

period ended March 30, 2024, there were no outstanding stock options issued by the Company. For the thirteen-week period ended April 1, 2023, the impact on earnings per share of future compensation expense related to outstanding, unvested time-based awards was greater than the incremental impact of outstanding dilutive stock options, and would therefore have an anti-dilutive effect on earnings per share if included in the calculation of earnings per share. Accordingly, the Company had no reconciling items between the average number of common shares outstanding used to calculate basic earnings per common share and the average number of common shares and common share equivalents outstanding used to calculate diluted earnings per share during each of the 2024 and 2023 thirteen-week periods.
Outstanding RSUs were excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings per share for all periods because the performance metric requirements or market condition for vesting had not been satisfied.
(5) Additional Cash Flow Information
During the 2024 thirteen-week period, Landstar received income tax refunds, net of income tax payments, of $495,000 and paid interest of $825,000. During the 2023 thirteen-week period, Landstar paid income taxes and interest of $895,000 and $1,030,000, respectively. Landstar acquired operating property by entering into finance leases in the amount of $1,325,000 in the 2024 thirteen-week period. Landstar did not acquire any operating property by entering into finance leases in the 2023 thirteen-week period.
(6) Segment Information
The following table summarizes information about the Company’s reportable business segments as of and for the thirteen-week periods ended March 30, 2024 and April 1, 2023 (in thousands):
 
    
Thirteen Weeks Ended
 
    
March 30, 2024
    
April 1, 2023
 
    
Transportation

Logistics
    
Insurance
    
Total
    
Transportation

Logistics
    
Insurance
    
Total
 
External revenue
   $ 1,154,532      $ 16,511      $ 1,171,043      $ 1,416,846      $ 18,829      $ 1,435,675  
Internal revenue
        12,069        12,069           11,961        11,961  
Investment income
        3,412        3,412           1,368        1,368  
Operating income
     42,681        17,280        59,961        86,162        15,122        101,284  
Expenditures on long-lived assets
     9,281           9,281        6,233           6,233  
Goodwill
     42,381           42,381        41,726           41,726  
In the thirteen-week periods ended March 30, 2024 and April 1, 2023, no single customer accounted for more than 10% of the Company’s consolidated revenue.
(7) Other Comprehensive Income
The following table presents the components of and changes in accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income, net of related income taxes, as of and for the thirteen-week period ended March 30, 2024 (in thousands):
 
    
Unrealized
Holding (Losses)
Gains on
Available-for-Sale

Securities
    
Foreign Currency
Translation
    
Total
 
Balance as of December 30, 2023
   $ (5,010    $ (1,855    $ (6,865
Other comprehensive income (loss)
     336        (306      30  
  
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
 
Balance as of March 30, 2024
   $ (4,674    $ (2,161    $ (6,835
  
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
 
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income to investment income due to the realization of previously unrealized gains and losses in the accompanying consolidated statements of income were not significant for the thirteen-week period
ended March 30, 2024.
 
12

(8) Investments
Investments include primarily investment-grade corporate bonds, asset-backed securities and U.S. treasury obligations having maturities of up to five years (the “bond portfolio”) and money market investments. Investments in the bond portfolio are reported as
available-for-sale
and are carried at fair value. Investments maturing less than one year from the balance sheet date are included in short-term investments and investments maturing more than one year from the balance sheet date are included in other assets in the consolidated balance sheets. Management performs an analysis of the nature of the unrealized losses on
available-for-sale
investments to determine whether an allowance for credit loss is necessary. Unrealized losses, representing the excess of the purchase price of an investment over its fair value as of the end of a period, considered to be a result of credit-related factors, are to be included as a charge in the statement of income, while unrealized losses considered to be a result of
non-credit-related
factors are to be included as a component of shareholders’ equity. Investments whose values are based on quoted market prices in active markets are classified within Level 1. Investments that trade in markets that are not considered to be active, but are valued based on quoted market prices, are classified within Level 2. As Level 2 investments include positions that are not traded in active markets, valuations may be adjusted to reflect illiquidity and/or
non-transferability,
which are generally based on available market information. Any transfers between levels are recognized as of the beginning of any reporting period. Fair value of the bond portfolio was determined using Level 1 inputs related to U.S. Treasury obligations and money market investments and Level 2 inputs related to investment-grade corporate bonds, asset-backed securities and direct obligations of government agencies. Unrealized losses, net of unrealized gains, on the investments in the bond portfolio
were $5,954,000 and $6,382,000 at March 30, 2024 and December 30, 2023, respectively.
The amortized cost and fair values of available-for-sale investments are as follows at March 30, 2024 and December 30, 2023 (in thousands):
 
    
Amortized

Cost
    
Gross

Unrealized

Gains
    
Gross

Unrealized

Losses
    
Fair

Value
 
March 30, 2024
           
Money market investments
   $ 8,303      $      $      $ 8,303  
Asset-backed securities
     18,019        2        2,062        15,959  
Corporate bonds and direct obligations of government agencies
     123,879        143        4,012        120,010  
U.S. Treasury obligations
     3,832               25        3,807  
  
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
 
Total
   $ 154,033      $ 145      $ 6,099      $ 148,079  
  
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
 
December 30, 2023
           
Money market investments
   $ 16,832      $      $      $ 16,832  
Asset-backed securities
     16,543               2,236        14,307  
Corporate bonds and direct obligations of government agencies
     118,481        279        4,384        114,376  
U.S. Treasury obligations
     6,287        2        43        6,246  
  
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
 
Total
   $ 158,143      $ 281      $ 6,663      $ 151,761  
  
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
 
 
13

For those
available-for-sale
investments with unrealized losses at March 30, 2024 and December 30, 2023, the following table summarizes the duration of the unrealized loss (in thousands):
 

 
  
Less than 12 months
 
  
12 months or longer
 
  
Total
 
 
  
Fair

Value
 
  
Unrealized

Loss
 
  
Fair

Value
 
  
Unrealized

Loss
 
  
Fair

Value
 
  
Unrealized

Loss
 
March 30, 2024
                 
Asset-backed securities
   $      $      $ 13,975      $ 2,062      $ 13,975      $ 2,062  
Corporate bonds and direct obligations of government agencies
     22,850        135        82,114        3,877        104,964        4,012  
U.S. Treasury obligations
                   2,323        25        2,323        25  
  
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
 
Total
   $ 22,850      $ 135      $ 98,412      $ 5,964      $ 121,262      $ 6,099  
  
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
 
December 30, 2023
                 
Asset-backed securities
   $      $      $ 14,307      $ 2,236      $ 14,307      $ 2,236  
Corporate bonds and direct obligations of government agencies
     3,506        42        86,841        4,342        90,347        4,384  
U.S. Treasury obligations
                   2,305        43        2,305        43  
  
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
 
Total
   $ 3,506      $ 42      $ 103,453      $ 6,621      $ 106,959      $ 6,663  
  
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
    
 
 
 
The Company believes unrealized losses on investments were primarily caused by rising interest rates rather than changes in credit quality. The Company expects to recover, through collection of all of the contractual cash flows of each security, the amortized cost basis of these securities as it does not intend to sell, and does not anticipate being required to sell, these securities before recovery of the cost basis. For these reasons, no losses have been recognized in the Company’s consolidated statements of income.
(9) Leases
Landstar’s noncancelable leases are primarily comprised of finance leases for the acquisition of new trailing equipment. Each finance lease for the acquisition of trailing equipment is a five year lease with a $1 purchase option for the applicable equipment at lease expiration. Substantially all of Landstar’s operating lease right-of-use assets and operating lease liabilities represent leases for facilities maintained in support of the Company’s network of BCO Independent Contractors and office space used to conduct Landstar’s business. These leases do not have significant rent escalation holidays, concessions, leasehold improvement incentives or other build-out clauses. Further, the leases do not contain contingent rent provisions. Landstar also rents certain trailing equipment to supplement the Company-owned trailer fleet under “month-to-month” lease terms, which are not required to be recorded on the balance sheet due to the less than twelve month lease term exemption. Sublease income is primarily comprised of weekly trailing equipment rentals to BCO Independent Contractors.
Most of Landstar’s operating leases include one or more options to renew. The exercise of lease renewal options is typically at Landstar’s sole discretion, and, as such, the majority of renewals to extend the lease terms are not included in the right-of-use assets and lease liabilities as they are not reasonably certain of exercise. Landstar regularly evaluates the renewal options, and when they are reasonably certain of exercise, Landstar includes the renewal period in the lease term.
As most of Landstar’s operating leases do not provide an implicit rate, Landstar utilized its incremental borrowing rate based on the information available at the lease commencement date in determining the present value of the lease payments. Landstar has a centrally managed treasury function; therefore, based on the applicable lease terms and the current economic environment, the Company applies a portfolio approach for determining the incremental borrowing rate.
 
14

The components of lease cost for finance leases and operating leases for the thirteen weeks ended March 30, 2024 were (in thousands):
 
Finance leases:
  
Amortization of right-of-use assets
   $ 4,079  
Interest on lease liability
     550  
  
 
 
 
Total finance lease cost
     4,629  
Operating leases:
  
Lease cost
     1,040  
Variable lease cost
      
Sublease income
     (1,407
  
 
 
 
Total net operating lease income
     (367
  
 
 
 
Total net lease cost
   $ 4,262  
  
 
 
 
A summary of the lease classification on the Company’s consolidated balance sheet as of March 30, 2024 is as follows (in thousands):
 
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating lease
right-of-use
assets
  
Other assets
   $ 1,484  
Finance lease assets
  
Operating property, less accumulated depreciation and amortization
     97,244  
     
 
 
 
Total lease assets
      $ 98,728  
     
 
 
 
Liabilities:
The following table reconciles the undiscounted cash flows for the finance and operating leases to the finance and operating lease liabilities recorded on the balance sheet at March 30, 2024 (in thousands):
 
    
Finance

Leases
    
Operating

Leases
 
2024 Remainder
   $ 22,254      $ 629  
2025
     23,855        547  
2026
     15,752        213  
2027
     5,358        176  
2028
     1,256        49  
Thereafter
     51         
  
 
 
    
 
 
 
Total future minimum lease payments
     68,526        1,614  
Less amount representing interest (1.6% to 6.5%)
     3,300        130  
  
 
 
    
 
 
 
Present value of minimum lease payments
   $ 65,226      $ 1,484  
  
 
 
    
 
 
 
Current maturities of long-term debt
     26,730     
Long-term debt, excluding current maturities
     38,496     
Other current liabilities
        791  
Deferred income taxes and other noncurrent liabilities
        693  
The weighted average remaining lease term and the weighted average discount rate for finance and operating leases as of March 30, 2024 were:
 
     Finance Leases     Operating Leases  
Weighted average remaining lease term (years)
     2.8       2.6  
Weighted average discount rate
     3.2     6.5
 
15

(10) Debt
Other
than the finance lease obligations as presented on the consolidated balance sheets, the Company had no outstanding debt as of March 30, 2024 and December 30, 2023.
On July 1, 2022, Landstar entered into a second amended and restated credit agreement with a bank syndicate led by JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., as administrative agent (the “Credit Agreement”). The Credit Agreement, which matures July 1, 2027, provides for borrowing capacity in the form of a revolving credit facility of $300,000,000, $45,000,000 of which may be utilized in the form of letters of credit. The Credit Agreement also includes an “accordion” feature providing for a possible increase of up to an aggregate amount of borrowing capacity of $600,000,000. As of March 30, 2024, the Company had no borrowings outstanding under the Credit Agreement.
The revolving credit loans under the Credit Agreement, at the option of Landstar, bear interest at (i) a forward-looking term rate based on the secured overnight financing rate plus 0.10% and an applicable margin ranging from 1.25% to 2.00%, or (ii) an alternate base rate plus an applicable margin ranging from 0.25% to 1.00%, in each case with the applicable margin determined based upon the Company’s Leverage Ratio, as defined in the Credit Agreement, at the end of the most recent applicable fiscal quarter for which financial statements have been delivered. The revolving credit facility bears a commitment fee, payable quarterly in arrears, of 0.20% to 0.30%, based on the Company’s Leverage Ratio at the end of the most recent applicable fiscal quarter for which financial statements have been delivered.
The Credit Agreement contains a number of covenants that limit, among other things, the incurrence of additional indebtedness. The Company is required to, among other things, maintain a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio, as described in the Credit Agreement, and maintain a Leverage Ratio, as defined in the Credit Agreement, below a specified maximum. The Credit Agreement provides for a restriction on cash dividends and other distributions to stockholders on the Company’s capital stock to the extent there is a default under the Credit Agreement. In addition, the Credit Agreement under certain circumstances limits the amount of such cash dividends and other distributions to stockholders to the extent that, after giving effect to any payment made to effect such cash dividend or other distribution, the Leverage Ratio would exceed
2.5
to 1 on a pro forma basis as of the end of the Company’s most recently completed fiscal quarter. The Credit Agreement provides for an event of default in the event that, among other things, a person or group acquires 35% or more of the outstanding capital stock of the Company or obtains power to elect a majority of the Company’s directors or the directors cease to consist of a majority of Continuing Directors, as defined in the Credit Agreement. None of these covenants are presently considered by management to be materially restrictive to the Company’s operations, capital resources or liquidity. The Company is currently in compliance with all of the debt covenants under the Credit Agreement.
The interest rates on borrowings under the revolving credit facility are typically tied to short-term interest rates and, as such, carrying value approximates fair value. Interest rates on borrowings under finance leases approximate the interest rates that would currently be available to the Company under similar terms and, as such, carrying value approximates fair value.
(11) Commitments and Contingencies
Short-term investments include $62,781,000 in current maturities of investments held by the Company’s insurance segment at March 30, 2024. The non-current portion of the bond portfolio of $85,298,000 is included in other assets. The short-term investments, together with $22,834,000 of non-current investments, provide collateral for the $77,054,000 of letters of credit issued to guarantee payment of insurance claims. As of March 30, 2024, Landstar also had $33,492,000 of additional letters of credit outstanding under the Company’s Credit Agreement.
The Company is involved in certain claims and pending litigation arising from the normal conduct of business. Many of these claims are covered in whole or in part by insurance. Based on knowledge of the facts and, in certain cases, opinions of outside counsel, management believes that adequate provisions have been made for probable losses with respect to the resolution of all such claims and pending litigation and that the ultimate outcome, after provisions therefor, will not have a material adverse effect on the financial condition of the Company, but could have a material effect on the results of operations in a given quarter or year.
(12) Recent Accounting Pronouncements
Accounting Standards Issued But Not Yet Adopted
In November 2023, the FASB issued ASU 2023-07,
Segment Reporting (Topic 280): Improvements to Reportable Segment Disclosures
(“ASU 2023-07”), which expands disclosures about a public entity’s reportable segments and requires more enhanced information about a reportable segment’s expenses, interim segment profit or loss, and how a public entity’s chief operating decision maker uses reported segment profit or loss information in assessing segment performance and allocating resources. ASU 2023-07 is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2023. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of ASU 2023-07 on its consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.
In December 2023, the FASB issued ASU 2023-09,
Income Taxes (Topic 740): Improvements to Income Tax Disclosures
(“ASU 2023-09”), which expands disclosures in an entity’s income tax rate reconciliation table and regarding cash taxes paid both in the U.S. and foreign jurisdictions. ASU 2023-09 is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2024. ASU 2023-09 is not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.
 
16


Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the interim consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included herein, and with the Company’s audited financial statements and notes thereto for the fiscal year ended December 30, 2023 and Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations included in the 2023 Annual Report on Form 10-K.

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

The following is a “safe harbor” statement under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Statements contained in this document that are not based on historical facts are “forward-looking statements.” This Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations and other sections of this Form 10-Q contain forward-looking statements, such as statements which relate to Landstar’s business objectives, plans, strategies and expectations. Terms such as “anticipates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “intention,” “expects,” “plans,” “predicts,” “may,” “should,” “could,” “will,” the negative thereof and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. Such statements are by nature subject to uncertainties and risks, including but not limited to: an increase in the frequency or severity of accidents or other claims; unfavorable development of existing accident claims; dependence on third party insurance companies; dependence on independent commission sales agents; dependence on third party capacity providers; the impact of the Russian conflict with Ukraine on the operations of certain independent commission sales agents, including the Company’s largest such agent by revenue in the 2023 fiscal year; decreased demand for transportation services; U.S. trade relationships; substantial industry competition; disruptions or failures in the Company’s computer systems; cyber and other information security incidents; dependence on key vendors; potential changes in taxes; status of independent contractors; regulatory and legislative changes; regulations focused on diesel emissions and other air quality matters; regulations requiring the purchase and use of zero-emission vehicles; intellectual property; and other operational, financial or legal risks or uncertainties detailed in Landstar’s Form 10-K for the 2023 fiscal year, described in Item 1A “Risk Factors”, in this report or in Landstar’s other Securities and Exchange Commission filings from time to time. These risks and uncertainties could cause actual results or events to differ materially from historical results or those anticipated. Investors should not place undue reliance on such forward-looking statements and the Company undertakes no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements.

Introduction

Landstar System, Inc. and its subsidiary, Landstar System Holdings, Inc. (collectively referred to herein with their subsidiaries and other affiliated companies as “Landstar” or the “Company”), is a technology-enabled, asset-light provider of integrated transportation management solutions delivering safe, specialized transportation services to a broad range of customers utilizing a network of agents, third party capacity providers and employees. The Company offers services to its customers across multiple transportation modes, with the ability to arrange for individual shipments of freight to comprehensive third party logistics solutions to meet all of a customer’s transportation needs. Landstar provides services principally throughout the United States and to a lesser extent in Canada and Mexico, and between the United States and Canada, Mexico and other countries around the world. The Company’s services emphasize safety, information coordination and customer service and are delivered through a network of approximately 1,100 independent commission sales agents and over 80,000 third party capacity providers, primarily truck capacity providers, linked together by a series of digital technologies which are provided and coordinated by the Company. The nature of the Company’s business is such that a significant portion of its operating costs varies directly with revenue.

Landstar markets its integrated transportation management solutions primarily through independent commission sales agents and exclusively utilizes third party capacity providers to transport customers’ freight. Landstar’s independent commission sales agents enter into contractual arrangements with the Company and are responsible for locating freight, making that freight available to Landstar’s capacity providers and coordinating the transportation of the freight with customers and capacity providers. The Company’s third party capacity providers consist of independent contractors who provide truck capacity to the Company under exclusive lease arrangements (the

 

17


“BCO Independent Contractors”), unrelated trucking companies who provide truck capacity to the Company under non-exclusive contractual arrangements (the “Truck Brokerage Carriers”), air cargo carriers, ocean cargo carriers and railroads. Through this network of agents and capacity providers linked together by Landstar’s ecosystem of digital technologies, Landstar operates an integrated transportation management solutions business primarily throughout North America with revenue of $5.3 billion during the most recently completed fiscal year. The Company reports the results of two operating segments: the transportation logistics segment and the insurance segment.

The transportation logistics segment provides a wide range of integrated transportation management solutions. Transportation services are provided by Landstar’s “Operating Subsidiaries”: Landstar Ranger, Inc., Landstar Inway, Inc., Landstar Ligon, Inc., Landstar Gemini, Inc., Landstar Transportation Logistics, Inc., Landstar Global Logistics, Inc., Landstar Express America, Inc., Landstar Canada, Inc., Landstar Metro, S.A.P.I. de C.V., and Landstar Blue, LLC. Transportation services offered by the Company include truckload, less-than-truckload and other truck transportation, rail intermodal, air cargo, ocean cargo, expedited ground and air delivery of time-critical freight, heavy-haul/specialized, U.S.-Canada and U.S.-Mexico cross-border, intra-Mexico, intra-Canada, project cargo and customs brokerage. Examples of the industries serviced by the transportation logistics segment include automotive parts and assemblies, consumer durables, building products, metals, chemicals, foodstuffs, heavy machinery, retail, electronics and military equipment. In addition, the transportation logistics segment provides transportation services to other transportation companies, including third party logistics and less-than-truckload service providers. The independent commission sales agents market services provided by the transportation logistics segment. Billings for freight transportation services are typically charged to customers on a per shipment basis for the physical transportation of freight and are referred to as transportation revenue. During the thirteen weeks ended March 30, 2024, revenue generated by BCO Independent Contractors, Truck Brokerage Carriers and railroads represented approximately 39%, 53% and 2%, respectively, of the Company’s consolidated revenue. Collectively, revenue generated by air and ocean cargo carriers represented approximately 5% of the Company’s consolidated revenue in the thirteen-week period ended March 30, 2024.

The insurance segment is comprised of Signature Insurance Company (“Signature”), a wholly owned offshore insurance subsidiary, and Risk Management Claim Services, Inc. The insurance segment provides risk and claims management services to certain of Landstar’s operating subsidiaries. In addition, it reinsures certain risks of the Company’s BCO Independent Contractors and provides certain property and casualty insurance directly to certain of Landstar’s operating subsidiaries. Revenue at the insurance segment represents reinsurance premiums from third party insurance companies that provide insurance programs to BCO Independent Contractors where all or a portion of the risk is ultimately borne by Signature. Revenue at the insurance segment represented approximately 1% of the Company’s consolidated revenue for the thirteen-week period ended March 30, 2024.

Changes in Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Management believes the Company’s success principally depends on its ability to generate freight revenue through its network of independent commission sales agents and to deliver freight safely and efficiently utilizing third party capacity providers. Management believes the most significant factors to the Company’s success include increasing revenue, sourcing capacity, empowering its network through technology-based tools and controlling costs, including insurance and claims.

Revenue

While customer demand, which is subject to overall economic conditions, ultimately drives increases or decreases in revenue, the Company primarily relies on its independent commission sales agents to establish customer relationships and generate revenue opportunities. Management’s emphasis with respect to revenue growth is on revenue generated by independent commission sales agents who on an annual basis generate $1 million or more of Landstar revenue (“Million Dollar Agents”). Management believes future revenue growth is primarily dependent on its ability to increase both the revenue generated by Million Dollar Agents and the number of Million Dollar Agents through a combination of recruiting new agents, increasing the revenue opportunities generated by existing independent commission sales agents and providing its independent commission sales agents with digital technologies they may use to grow revenue and increase efficiencies at their businesses. During the 2023 fiscal year, 524 independent commission sales agents generated $1 million or more of Landstar revenue and thus qualified as Million Dollar Agents. During the 2023 fiscal year, the average revenue generated by a Million Dollar Agent was $9,645,000 and revenue generated by Million Dollar Agents in the aggregate represented 95% of consolidated revenue.

 

18


Management monitors business activity by tracking the number of loads (volume) and revenue per load by mode of transportation. Revenue per load can be influenced by many factors other than a change in price. Those factors include the average length of haul, freight type, special handling and equipment requirements, fuel costs and delivery time requirements. For shipments involving two or more modes of transportation, revenue is generally classified by the mode of transportation having the highest cost for the load. The following table summarizes this information by trailer type for truck transportation and by mode for all others:

 

     Thirteen Weeks Ended  
     March 30,
2024
    April 1,
2023
 

Revenue generated through (in thousands):

    

Truck transportation

    

Truckload:

    

Van equipment

   $ 628,304     $ 755,083  

Unsided/platform equipment

     343,045       377,564  

Less-than-truckload

     25,617       31,558  

Other truck transportation (1)

     71,966       159,503  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total truck transportation

     1,068,932       1,323,708  

Rail intermodal

     22,695       25,657  

Ocean and air cargo carriers

     54,074       61,093  

Other (2)

     25,342       25,217  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 1,171,043     $ 1,435,675  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Revenue on loads hauled via BCO Independent Contractors included in total truck transportation

   $ 452,561     $ 519,526  

Number of loads:

    

Truck transportation

    

Truckload:

    

Van equipment

     299,014       331,954  

Unsided/platform equipment

     117,947       127,572  

Less-than-truckload

     40,233       46,192  

Other truck transportation (1)

     33,526       58,062  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total truck transportation

     490,720       563,780  

Rail intermodal

     7,150       7,760  

Ocean and air cargo carriers

     8,720       8,440  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
     506,590       579,980  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Loads hauled via BCO Independent Contractors included in total truck transportation

     208,740       232,550  

Revenue per load:

    

Truck transportation

    

Truckload:

    

Van equipment

   $ 2,101     $ 2,275  

Unsided/platform equipment

     2,908       2,960  

Less-than-truckload

     637       683  

Other truck transportation (1)

     2,147       2,747  

Total truck transportation

     2,178       2,348  

Rail intermodal

     3,174       3,306  

Ocean and air cargo carriers

     6,201       7,239  

Revenue per load on loads hauled via BCO Independent Contractors

   $ 2,168     $ 2,234  

Revenue by capacity type (as a % of total revenue):

    

Truck capacity providers:

    

BCO Independent Contractors

     39     36

Truck Brokerage Carriers

     53     56

Rail intermodal

     2     2

Ocean and air cargo carriers

     5     4

Other

     2     2

 

(1)

Includes power-only, expedited, straight truck, cargo van, and miscellaneous other truck transportation revenue generated by the transportation logistics segment. Power-only refers to shipments where the Company furnishes a power unit and an operator but not trailing equipment, which is typically provided by the shipper or consignee.

 

19


(2)

Includes primarily reinsurance premium revenue generated by the insurance segment and intra-Mexico transportation services revenue generated by Landstar Metro.

Expenses

Purchased transportation

Also critical to the Company’s success is its ability to secure capacity, particularly truck capacity, at rates that allow the Company to profitably transport customers’ freight. The following table summarizes the number of available truck capacity providers on the dates indicated:

 

     March 30, 2024      April 1, 2023  

BCO Independent Contractors

     8,619        9,996  

Truck Brokerage Carriers:

     

Approved and active (1)

     45,919        61,771  

Other approved

     26,320        30,893  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     72,239        92,664  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total available truck capacity providers

     80,858        102,660  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Trucks provided by BCO Independent Contractors

     9,410        10,809  

 

(1)

Active refers to Truck Brokerage Carriers who moved at least one load in the 180 days immediately preceding the fiscal quarter end.

Purchased transportation represents the amount a BCO Independent Contractor or other third party capacity provider is paid to haul freight. The amount of purchased transportation paid to a BCO Independent Contractor is primarily based on a contractually agreed-upon percentage of revenue generated by loads hauled by the BCO Independent Contractor. Purchased transportation paid to a Truck Brokerage Carrier is based on either a negotiated rate for each load hauled or, to a lesser extent, a contractually agreed-upon fixed rate per load. Purchased transportation paid to railroads and ocean cargo carriers is based on either a negotiated rate for each load hauled or a contractually agreed-upon fixed rate per load. Purchased transportation paid to air cargo carriers is generally based on a negotiated rate for each load hauled. Purchased transportation as a percentage of revenue for truck brokerage, rail intermodal and ocean cargo services is normally higher than that of BCO Independent Contractor and air cargo services. Purchased transportation is the largest component of costs and expenses and, on a consolidated basis, increases or decreases as a percentage of consolidated revenue in proportion to changes in the percentage of consolidated revenue generated through BCO Independent Contractors and other third party capacity providers and external revenue from the insurance segment, consisting of reinsurance premiums. Purchased transportation as a percent of revenue also increases or decreases in relation to the availability of truck brokerage capacity and with changes in the price of fuel on revenue generated from shipments hauled by Truck Brokerage Carriers. The Company passes 100% of fuel surcharges billed to customers for freight hauled by BCO Independent Contractors to its BCO Independent Contractors. These fuel surcharges are excluded from revenue and the cost of purchased transportation. Purchased transportation costs are recognized over the freight transit period as the performance obligation to the customer is completed.

Commissions to agents

Commissions to agents are based on contractually agreed-upon percentages of (i) revenue, (ii) revenue less the cost of purchased transportation, or (iii) revenue less a contractually agreed upon percentage of revenue retained by Landstar and the cost of purchased transportation (the “retention contracts”). Commissions to agents as a percentage of consolidated revenue vary directly with fluctuations in the percentage of consolidated revenue generated by the various modes of transportation and reinsurance premiums and, in general, vary inversely with changes in the amount of purchased transportation as a percentage of revenue on services provided by Truck Brokerage Carriers, railroads, air cargo carriers and ocean cargo carriers. Commissions to agents are recognized over the freight transit period as the performance obligation to the customer is completed.

Other operating costs, net of gains on asset sales/dispositions

Maintenance costs for Company-provided trailing equipment, the provision for uncollectible advances and other receivables due from BCO Independent Contractors and independent commission sales agents and recruiting and qualification costs for BCO Independent Contractors are the largest components of other operating costs. Also included in other operating costs are trailer rental costs and gains/losses, if any, on sales of Company-owned trailing equipment.

 

20


Insurance and claims

With respect to insurance and claims cost, potential liability associated with accidents in the trucking industry is severe and occurrences are unpredictable.

Landstar retains liability through a self-insured retention for commercial trucking claims up to $5 million per occurrence. Effective May 1, 2023, the Company entered into a three year commercial auto liability insurance arrangement for losses incurred between $5 million and $10 million (the “2023 Initial Excess Policy”) with a third party insurance company. For commercial trucking claims incurred on or after May 1, 2023 through April 30, 2026, the 2023 Initial Excess Policy provides for an aggregate deductible of $18 million over the thirty-six month term ending April 30, 2026. After payment of the deductible, the 2023 Initial Excess Policy provides for a limit for a single loss of $5 million, with an aggregate limit of $15 million for the thirty-six month term ending April 30, 2026.

The Company also maintains third party insurance arrangements providing excess coverage for commercial trucking liabilities in excess of $10 million. These third party arrangements provide coverage on a per occurrence or aggregated basis. Over the past decade, there has been a significant increase in the occurrence of trials in courts throughout the United States involving catastrophic injury and fatality claims against commercial motor carriers that have resulted in verdicts in excess of $10 million. Within the transportation logistics industry, these verdicts are often referred to as “Nuclear Verdicts.” The increase in Nuclear Verdicts has had a significant impact on the cost of commercial auto liability claims throughout the United States. Due to the increasing cost of commercial auto liability claims, the availability of excess coverage has significantly decreased, and the pricing associated with such excess coverage, to the extent available, has significantly increased. Since the annual policy year ended April 30, 2020, as compared to the annual policy year ending April 30, 2025, the Company experienced an increase of approximately $22 million, or over 400%, in the premiums charged by third party insurance companies to the Company for excess coverage for commercial trucking liabilities in excess of $10 million.

Moreover, the Company from year to year manages the level of its financial exposure to commercial trucking claims in excess of $10 million, including through the use of additional self-insurance, deductibles, aggregate loss limits, quota shares and other arrangements with third party insurance companies, based on the availability of coverage within certain excess insurance coverage layers and estimated cost differentials between proposed premiums from third party insurance companies and historical and actuarially projected losses experienced by the Company at various levels of excess insurance coverage. For example, with respect to a single hypothetical claim in the amount of $65 million incurred during the annual policy year ending April 30, 2025, the Company would have an aggregate financial exposure of approximately $30 million. Furthermore, the Company’s third party insurance arrangements provide excess coverage up to an uppermost coverage layer, in excess of which the Company retains additional financial exposure. No assurances can be given that the availability of excess coverage for commercial trucking claims will not continue to deteriorate, that the pricing associated with such excess coverage, to the extent available, will not continue to increase, nor that insurance coverage from third party insurers for excess coverage of commercial trucking claims will even be available on commercially reasonable terms at certain levels. Moreover, the occurrence of a Nuclear Verdict, or the settlement of a catastrophic injury and/or fatality claim that could have otherwise resulted in a Nuclear Verdict, could have a material adverse effect on Landstar’s cost of insurance and claims and its results of operations.

Further, the Company retains liability of up to $2,000,000 for each general liability claim, $250,000 for each workers’ compensation claim and up to $250,000 for each cargo claim. In addition, under reinsurance arrangements by Signature of certain risks of the Company’s BCO Independent Contractors, the Company retains liability of up to $500,000, $1,000,000 or $2,000,000 with respect to certain occupational accident claims and up to $750,000 with respect to certain workers’ compensation claims. The Company’s exposure to liability associated with accidents incurred by Truck Brokerage Carriers, railroads and air and ocean cargo carriers who transport freight on behalf of the Company is reduced by various factors including the extent to which such carriers maintain their own insurance coverage. A material increase in the frequency or severity of accidents, cargo claims or workers’ compensation claims or the material unfavorable development of existing claims could have a material adverse effect on Landstar’s cost of insurance and claims and its results of operations.

Selling, general and administrative

During the thirteen-week period ended March 30, 2024, employee compensation and benefits accounted for approximately 68% of the Company’s selling, general and administrative costs. Employee compensation and benefits include wages and employee benefit costs as well as incentive compensation and stock-based compensation expense. Incentive compensation and stock-based compensation expense is highly variable in nature in comparison to wages and employee benefit costs.

 

21


Depreciation and amortization

Depreciation and amortization primarily relate to depreciation of trailing equipment and information technology hardware and software.

Costs of revenue

The Company incurs costs of revenue related to the transportation of freight and, to a much lesser extent, to reinsurance premiums received by Signature. Costs of revenue include variable costs of revenue and other costs of revenue. Variable costs of revenue include purchased transportation and commissions to agents, as these costs are entirely variable on a shipment-by-shipment basis. Other costs of revenue include fixed costs of revenue and semi-variable costs of revenue, where such costs may vary over time based on certain economic factors or operational metrics such as the number of Company-controlled trailers, the number of BCO Independent Contractors, the frequency and severity of insurance claims, the number of miles traveled by BCO Independent Contractors, or the number and/or scale of information technology projects in process or in-service to support revenue generating activities, rather than on a shipment-by-shipment basis. Other costs of revenue associated with the transportation of freight include: (i) other operating costs, primarily consisting of trailer maintenance, the provision for uncollectible advances and other receivables due from BCO Independent Contractors and independent commission sales agents and BCO Independent Contractor recruiting and qualification costs, as reported in the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Income, (ii) transportation-related insurance premiums paid and claim costs incurred, included as a portion of insurance and claims in the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Income, (iii) costs incurred related to internally developed software including ASC 350-40 amortization, implementation costs, hosting costs and other support costs utilized to support the Company’s independent commission sales agents, third party capacity providers, and customers, included as a portion of depreciation and amortization and of selling, general and administrative in the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Income; and (iv) depreciation on Company-owned trailing equipment, included as a portion of depreciation and amortization in the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Income. Other costs of revenue associated with reinsurance premiums received by Signature are comprised of broker commissions and other fees paid related to the administration of insurance programs to BCO Independent Contractors and are included in selling, general and administrative in the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Income. In addition to costs of revenue, the Company incurs various other costs relating to its business, including most selling, general and administrative costs and portions of costs attributable to insurance and claims and depreciation and amortization. Management continually monitors all components of the costs incurred by the Company and establishes annual cost budgets that, in general, are used to benchmark costs incurred on a monthly basis.

Gross Profit, Variable Contribution, Gross Profit Margin and Variable Contribution Margin

The following table sets forth calculations of gross profit, defined as revenue less costs of revenue, and gross profit margin, defined as gross profit divided by revenue, for the periods indicated. The Company refers to revenue less variable costs of revenue as “variable contribution” and variable contribution divided by revenue as “variable contribution margin”. Variable contribution and variable contribution margin are each non-GAAP financial measures. The closest comparable GAAP financial measures to variable contribution and variable contribution margin are, respectively, gross profit and gross profit margin. The Company believes variable contribution and variable contribution margin are useful measures of the variable costs that we incur at a shipment-by-shipment level attributable to our transportation network of third-party capacity providers and independent commission sales agents in order to provide services to our customers. The Company believes variable contribution and variable contribution margin are important performance measurements and management considers variable contribution and variable contribution margin in evaluating the Company’s financial performance and in its decision-making, such as budgeting for infrastructure, trailing equipment and selling, general and administrative costs.

 

22


The reconciliations of gross profit to variable contribution and gross profit margin to variable contribution margin are each presented below:

 

     Thirteen Weeks Ended  
     March 30,
2024
    April 1,
2023
 

Revenue

   $ 1,171,043     $ 1,435,675  

Costs of revenue:

    

Purchased transportation

     905,521       1,101,294  

Commissions to agents

     97,282       125,675  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Variable costs of revenue

     1,002,803       1,226,969  

Trailing equipment depreciation

     6,897       8,369  

Information technology costs

     5,804       6,751  

Insurance-related costs (1)

     26,778       28,260  

Other operating costs

     14,859       12,378  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other costs of revenue

     54,338       55,758  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total costs of revenue

     1,057,141       1,282,727  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Gross profit

   $ 113,902     $ 152,948  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Gross profit margin

     9.7     10.7

Plus: other costs of revenue

     54,338       55,758  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Variable contribution

   $ 168,240     $ 208,706  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Variable contribution margin

     14.4     14.5

 

(1)

Insurance-related costs in the table above include (i) other costs of revenue related to the transportation of freight that are included as a portion of insurance and claims in the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Income and (ii) certain other costs of revenue related to reinsurance premiums received by Signature that are included as a portion of selling, general and administrative in the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Income. Insurance and claims costs included in other costs of revenue relating to the transportation of freight primarily consist of insurance premiums paid for commercial auto liability, general liability, cargo and other lines of coverage related to the transportation of freight and the related cost of claims incurred under those programs, and, to a lesser extent, the cost of claims incurred under insurance programs available to BCO Independent Contractors that are reinsured by Signature. Other insurance and claims costs included in costs of revenue that are included in selling, general and administrative in the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Income consist of brokerage commissions and other fees incurred by Signature relating to the administration of insurance programs available to BCO Independent Contractors that are reinsured by Signature.

In general, variable contribution margin on revenue generated by BCO Independent Contractors represents a fixed percentage due to the nature of the contracts that pay a fixed percentage of revenue to both the BCO Independent Contractors and independent commission sales agents. For revenue generated by Truck Brokerage Carriers, variable contribution margin may be either a fixed or variable percentage, depending on the contract with each individual independent commission sales agent. Variable contribution margin on revenue generated from shipments hauled by railroads, air cargo carriers, ocean cargo carriers and Truck Brokerage Carriers, other than those under retention contracts, is variable in nature, as the Company’s contracts with independent commission sales agents provide commissions to agents at a contractually agreed upon percentage of the amount represented by revenue less purchased transportation for these types of shipments. Approximately 44% of the Company’s consolidated revenue in the thirteen-week period ended March 30, 2024 was generated under transactions that pay a fixed percentage of revenue to the third party capacity provider and/or agents while 56% was generated under transactions that pay a variable percentage of revenue to the third party capacity provider and/or agents.

Operating income as a percentage of gross profit and operating income as a percentage of variable contribution

The following table presents operating income as a percentage of gross profit and operating income as a percentage of variable contribution. The Company’s operating income as a percentage of variable contribution is a non-GAAP financial measure calculated as operating income divided by variable contribution. The Company believes that operating income as a percentage of variable contribution is useful and meaningful to investors for the following principal reasons: (i) the variable costs of revenue for a significant portion of the business are highly influenced by short-term market-based trends in the freight transportation industry, whereas other costs, including other costs of revenue, are much less impacted by short-term freight market trends; (ii) disclosure of this measure allows investors to better

 

23


understand the underlying trends in the Company’s results of operations; (iii) this measure is meaningful to investors’ evaluations of the Company’s management of costs attributable to operations other than the purely variable costs associated with purchased transportation and commissions to agents that the Company incurs to provide services to our customers; and (iv) management considers this financial information in its decision-making, such as budgeting for infrastructure, trailing equipment and selling, general and administrative costs.

 

     Thirteen Weeks Ended  
     March 30,
2024
    April 1,
2023
 

Gross profit

   $ 113,902     $ 152,948  

Operating income

   $ 59,961     $ 101,284  

Operating income as % of gross profit

     52.6     66.2

Variable contribution

   $ 168,240     $ 208,706  

Operating income

   $ 59,961     $ 101,284  

Operating income as % of variable contribution

     35.6     48.5

The decrease in operating income as a percentage of gross profit from the 2023 thirteen-week period to the 2024 thirteen-week period resulted from the decrease of operating income at a more rapid percentage rate than the decrease in gross profit, primarily due to the impact of the Company’s fixed cost infrastructure, principally certain components of selling, general and administrative costs, in comparison to a smaller gross profit base.

The decrease in operating income as a percentage of variable contribution from the 2023 thirteen-week period to the 2024 thirteen-week period resulted from the decrease of operating income at a more rapid percentage rate than the decrease in variable contribution, primarily due to the impact of the Company’s fixed cost infrastructure, principally certain components of selling, general and administrative costs, in comparison to a smaller variable contribution base, and the impact of increased other operating costs during the 2024 thirteen-week period.

Also, as previously mentioned, the Company reports two operating segments: the transportation logistics segment and the insurance segment. External revenue at the insurance segment, representing reinsurance premiums, has historically been relatively consistent on an annual basis at 2% or less of consolidated revenue and generally corresponds directly with the number of trucks provided by BCO Independent Contractors. The discussion of cost line items in Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations considers the Company’s costs on a consolidated basis rather than on a segment basis. Management believes this presentation format is the most appropriate to assist users of the financial statements in understanding the Company’s business for the following reasons: (1) the insurance segment has no other operating costs; (2) discussion of insurance and claims at either segment without reference to the other may create confusion amongst investors and potential investors due to intercompany arrangements and specific deductible programs that affect comparability of financial results by segment between various fiscal periods but that have no effect on the Company from a consolidated reporting perspective; (3) selling, general and administrative costs of the insurance segment comprise less than 10% of consolidated selling, general and administrative costs and have historically been relatively consistent on a year-over-year basis; and (4) the insurance segment has no depreciation and amortization.

THIRTEEN WEEKS ENDED MARCH 30, 2024 COMPARED TO THIRTEEN WEEKS ENDED APRIL 1, 2023

Revenue for the 2024 thirteen-week period was $1,171,043,000, a decrease of $264,632,000, or 18%, compared to the 2023 thirteen-week period. Transportation revenue decreased $262,314,000, or 19%. The decrease in transportation revenue was attributable to a decreased number of loads hauled of approximately 13% and decreased revenue per load of approximately 7% compared to the 2023 thirteen-week period. Reinsurance premiums were $16,511,000 and $18,829,000 for the 2024 and 2023 thirteen-week periods, respectively. The decrease in revenue from reinsurance premiums was primarily attributable to a decrease in the average number of trucks provided by BCO Independent Contractors in the 2024 thirteen-week period compared to the 2023 thirteen-week period.

Truck transportation revenue generated by BCO Independent Contractors and Truck Brokerage Carriers (together, the “third party truck capacity providers”) for the 2024 thirteen-week period was $1,068,932,000, representing 91% of total revenue, a decrease of $254,776,000, or 19%, compared to the 2023 thirteen-week period. The number of loads hauled by third party truck capacity providers decreased approximately 13% compared to the 2023 thirteen-week period, and revenue per load on loads hauled by third party truck capacity providers decreased approximately 7% in the 2024 thirteen-week period compared to the 2023 thirteen-week period.

 

24


The decrease in the number of loads hauled via truck compared to the 2023 thirteen-week period was primarily due to a decrease in demand from the 2023 thirteen-week period for the Company’s van services and power-only services included in other truck transportation services, which tend to be more correlated with U.S. consumer demand. Loads hauled via other truck transportation services decreased 42%, less-than-truckload loadings decreased 13%, loads hauled via van equipment decreased 10% and loads hauled via unsided/platform equipment decreased 8% as compared to the 2023 thirteen-week period.

The decrease in revenue per load on loads hauled via truck was primarily due to a loose truck capacity environment experienced throughout the 2024 thirteen-week period. Revenue per load on loads hauled via other truck transportation services decreased 22%, on loads hauled via van equipment decreased 8%, on less-than-truckload loadings decreased 7% and on loads hauled via unsided/platform equipment decreased 2% as compared to the 2023 thirteen-week period. The decrease in revenue per load on loads hauled via unsided/platform equipment of 2% was favorably impacted by an increase in the percentage of revenue contributed by heavy/specialized equipment, which typically has a higher revenue per load.

Fuel surcharges billed to customers on revenue generated by BCO Independent Contractors are excluded from revenue. Fuel surcharges on Truck Brokerage Carrier revenue identified separately in billings to customers and included as a component of Truck Brokerage Carrier revenue were $30,033,000 and $42,935,000 in the 2024 and 2023 thirteen-week periods, respectively. It should be noted that billings to many customers of the Company’s truck brokerage services include a single all-in rate that do not separately identify fuel surcharges on loads hauled via Truck Brokerage Carriers. Accordingly, the overall impact of changes in fuel prices on revenue and revenue per load on loads hauled via truck is likely to be greater than that indicated.

Transportation revenue generated by rail intermodal, air cargo and ocean cargo carriers (collectively, the “multimode capacity providers”) for the 2024 thirteen-week period was $76,769,000, or 7% of total revenue, a decrease of $9,981,000, or 12%, compared to the 2023 thirteen-week period. Revenue per load on revenue generated by multimode capacity providers decreased approximately 10% in the 2024 thirteen-week period compared to the 2023 thirteen-week period, and the number of loads hauled by multimode capacity providers decreased approximately 2% over the same period. Revenue per load on loads hauled via air, rail intermodal and ocean decreased 58%, 4% and 3%, respectively, during the 2024 thirteen-week period as compared to the 2023 thirteen-week period. The decrease in revenue per load on loads hauled by air cargo carriers was primarily attributable to the impact of high value air loadings at one specific customer during the 2023 thirteen-week period. Revenue per load on revenue generated by multimode capacity providers is influenced by many factors, including revenue mix among the various modes of transportation used, length of haul, complexity of freight, density of freight lanes, fuel costs and availability of capacity. The decrease in the number of loads hauled by multimode capacity providers was due to an 8% decrease in rail loadings and a 3% decrease in air loadings, partially offset by a 6% increase in ocean loadings. The 8% decrease in rail loadings was primarily attributable to decreased loadings at one specific agency. The 3% decrease in air loadings was primarily attributable to decreased loadings at one specific customer. The 6% increase in ocean loadings was broad-based with increases at several customers.

Purchased transportation was 77.3% and 76.7% of revenue in the 2024 and 2023 thirteen-week periods, respectively. The increase in purchased transportation as a percentage of revenue was primarily due to an increased rate of purchased transportation on revenue generated by Truck Brokerage Carriers, partially offset by an increased percentage of revenue generated by BCO Independent Contractors, which typically has a lower rate of purchased transportation than Truck Brokerage Carriers. Commissions to agents were 8.3% and 8.8% of revenue in the 2024 and 2023 thirteen-week periods, respectively. The decrease in commissions to agents as a percentage of revenue was primarily attributable to an increased cost of purchased transportation as a percentage of revenue on revenue generated by Truck Brokerage Carriers.

Investment income was $3,412,000 and $1,368,000 in the 2024 and 2023 thirteen-week periods, respectively. The increase in investment income was attributable to higher average rates of return on investments in the 2024 thirteen-week period and a higher average investment balance held by the insurance segment during the 2024 thirteen-week period.

Other operating costs increased $2,481,000 in the 2024 thirteen-week period compared to the 2023 thirteen-week period. The increase in other operating costs compared to the prior year was primarily due to an increased provision for contractor bad debt and decreased gains on sales of operating property.

 

25


Insurance and claims decreased $1,379,000 in the 2024 thirteen-week period compared to the 2023 thirteen-week period. The decrease in insurance and claims expense compared to the prior year was primarily due to decreased net unfavorable development of prior years’ claims in the 2024 thirteen-week period and decreased frequency of trucking accidents during the 2024 thirteen-week period, partially offset by increased severity of current year trucking claims during the 2024 thirteen-week period. During the 2024 and 2023 thirteen-week periods, insurance and claims costs included $1,127,000 and $1,855,000 of net unfavorable adjustments to prior years’ claims estimates, respectively.

Selling, general and administrative costs increased $2,855,000 in the 2024 thirteen-week period compared to the 2023 thirteen-week period. The increase in selling, general and administrative costs compared to prior year was primarily attributable to increased employee benefit costs, primarily attributable to increased medical and pharmacy costs under the self-insured portion of the Company’s medical plan, an increased provision for incentive compensation and the impact of CEO transition costs, partially offset by decreased project consulting fees and a decreased provision for customer bad debt. Included in selling, general and administrative costs was incentive compensation expense of $2,853,000 and $1,421,000 for the 2024 and 2023 thirteen-week periods, respectively.

Depreciation and amortization decreased $1,056,000 in the 2024 thirteen-week period compared to the 2023 thirteen-week period. The decrease in depreciation and amortization expense was primarily due to decreased trailing equipment depreciation, partially offset by increased depreciation on new and updated digital tools deployed for use by the Company’s network of agents, capacity providers and employees.

Net interest and debt income increased $885,000 in the 2024 thirteen-week period compared to the 2023 thirteen-week period. The increase in interest and debt income was primarily attributable to increased interest income earned on cash balances held by the transportation logistics segment and decreased interest expense related to finance lease obligations.

The provisions for income taxes for the 2024 and 2023 thirteen-week periods were based on estimated annual effective income tax rates of 24.5% and 24.4%, respectively, adjusted for discrete events, such as benefits resulting from stock-based awards. The effective income tax rate for the 2024 thirteen-week period was 23.5%. The effective income tax rate was higher than the statutory federal income tax rate of 21% in the 2024 period primarily attributable to state taxes. The effective income tax rate for the 2023 thirteen-week period was 23.3%. The effective income tax rate was higher than the statutory federal income tax rate of 21% in the 2023 period primarily attributable to state taxes.

Net income was $47,096,000, or $1.32 per basic and diluted share, in the 2024 thirteen-week period. Net income was $78,195,000, or $2.17 per basic and diluted share, in the 2023 thirteen-week period.

CAPITAL RESOURCES AND LIQUIDITY

Working capital and the ratio of current assets to current liabilities were $720,696,000 and 2.2 to 1, respectively, at March 30, 2024, compared with $677,517,000 and 2.0 to 1, respectively, at December 30, 2023. Landstar has historically operated with current ratios within the range of 1.5 to 1 to 2.0 to 1. Cash provided by operating activities was $94,208,000 in the 2024 thirteen-week period compared with $139,035,000 in the 2023 thirteen-week period. The decrease in cash flow provided by operating activities was primarily attributable to decreased net income and decreased favorable net working capital impacts in connection with decreased net receivables, defined as accounts receivable less accounts payable.

The Company declared and paid $0.33 per share, or $11,802,000 in the aggregate, in cash dividends during the thirteen-week period ended March 30, 2024 and, during such period, also paid $71,433,000 of dividends payable which were declared in December 2023 and included in current liabilities in the consolidated balance sheet at December 30, 2023. The Company declared and paid $0.30 per share, or $10,806,000 in the aggregate, in cash dividends during the thirteen-week period ended April 1, 2023 and, during such period, also paid $71,854,000 of dividends payable which were declared in December 2022 and included in current liabilities in the consolidated balance sheet at December 31, 2022. During the thirteen-week period ended March 30, 2024, the Company did not purchase any shares of its common stock. During the thirteen-week period ended April 1, 2023, the Company purchased 89,661 shares of its common stock at a total cost of $15,433,000. As of March 30, 2024, the Company may purchase in the aggregate up to 3,000,000 shares of its common stock under its authorized stock purchase programs. Long-term debt, including current maturities, was $65,226,000 at March 30, 2024, $5,914,000 lower than at December 30, 2023.

Shareholders’ equity was $1,017,911,000, or 94% of total capitalization (defined as long-term debt including current maturities plus equity), at March 30, 2024, compared to $983,923,000, or 93% of total capitalization, at December 30, 2023. The increase in shareholders’ equity was primarily the result of net income, partially offset by dividends declared by the Company in the 2024 thirteen-week period.

 

26


On July 1, 2022, Landstar entered into a second amended and restated credit agreement with a bank syndicate led by JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., as administrative agent (the “Credit Agreement”). The Credit Agreement, which matures July 1, 2027, provides for borrowing capacity in the form of a revolving credit facility of $300,000,000, $45,000,000 of which may be utilized in the form of letters of credit. The Credit Agreement also includes an “accordion” feature providing for a possible increase of up to an aggregate amount of borrowing capacity of $600,000,000.

The Credit Agreement contains a number of covenants that limit, among other things, the incurrence of additional indebtedness. The Company is required to, among other things, maintain a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio, as described in the Credit Agreement, and maintain a Leverage Ratio, as defined in the Credit Agreement, below a specified maximum. The Credit Agreement provides for a restriction on cash dividends and other distributions to stockholders on the Company’s capital stock to the extent there is a default under the Credit Agreement. In addition, the Credit Agreement under certain circumstances limits the amount of such cash dividends and other distributions to stockholders to the extent that, after giving effect to any payment made to effect such cash dividend or other distribution, the Leverage Ratio would exceed 2.5 to 1 on a pro forma basis as of the end of the Company’s most recently completed fiscal quarter. The Credit Agreement provides for an event of default in the event that, among other things, a person or group acquires 35% or more of the outstanding capital stock of the Company or obtains power to elect a majority of the Company’s directors or the directors cease to consist of a majority of Continuing Directors, as defined in the Credit Agreement. None of these covenants are presently considered by management to be materially restrictive to the Company’s operations, capital resources or liquidity. The Company is currently in compliance with all of the debt covenants under the Credit Agreement.

At March 30, 2024, the Company had no borrowings outstanding and $33,492,000 of letters of credit outstanding under the Credit Agreement. At March 30, 2024, there was $266,508,000 available for future borrowings under the Credit Agreement and access to an additional $300,000,000 under the Credit Agreement’s “accordion” feature. In addition, the Company has $77,054,000 in letters of credit outstanding as collateral for insurance claims that are secured by investments totaling $85,615,000 at March 30, 2024. Investments, all of which are carried at fair value, include primarily investment-grade bonds, asset-backed securities and U.S. Treasury obligations having maturities of up to five years. Fair value of investments is based primarily on quoted market prices. See “Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements” included herein for further discussion on measurement of fair value of investments.

Historically, the Company has generated sufficient operating cash flow to meet its debt service requirements, fund continued growth, both organic and through acquisitions, complete or execute share purchases of its common stock under authorized share purchase programs, pay dividends and meet working capital needs. As an asset-light provider of integrated transportation management solutions, the Company’s annual capital requirements for operating property are generally for trailing equipment and information technology hardware and software. In addition, a significant portion of the trailing equipment available to the Company is provided by third party capacity providers, thereby reducing the Company’s capital requirements. During the 2024 thirteen-week period, the Company purchased $9,281,000 of operating property and acquired $1,325,000 of trailing equipment by entering into finance leases. Landstar anticipates acquiring either by purchase or lease financing during the remainder of fiscal year 2024 approximately $84,000,000 in operating property, consisting primarily of new trailing equipment to replace older trailing equipment and information technology equipment.

Management believes that cash flow from operations combined with the Company’s borrowing capacity under the Credit Agreement will be adequate to meet Landstar’s debt service requirements, fund continued growth, both internal and through acquisitions, pay dividends, complete the authorized share purchase programs and meet working capital needs.

LEGAL MATTERS

The Company is involved in certain claims and pending litigation arising from the normal conduct of business. Many of these claims are covered in whole or in part by insurance. Based on knowledge of the facts and, in certain cases, opinions of outside counsel, management believes that adequate provisions have been made for probable losses with respect to the resolution of all such claims and pending litigation and that the ultimate outcome, after provisions therefor, will not have a material adverse effect on the financial condition of the Company, but could have a material effect on the results of operations in a given quarter or year.

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND ESTIMATES

Landstar provides for the estimated costs of self-insured claims primarily on an actuarial basis. The amount recorded for the estimated liability for claims incurred is based upon the facts and circumstances known on the applicable balance sheet date. The ultimate resolution of these claims may be for an amount greater or less than the amount estimated by management. The Company continually revises its existing claim estimates as new or revised information becomes available on the status of each claim. Historically, the Company has experienced both favorable and unfavorable development of prior years’ claims estimates within its various programs. During the 2024 and

 

27


2023 thirteen-week periods, insurance and claims costs included $1,127,000 and $1,855,000 of net unfavorable adjustments to prior years’ claims estimates, respectively. It is reasonably likely that the ultimate outcome of settling all outstanding claims will be more or less than the estimated claims liability at March 30, 2024, primarily due to the inherent difficulty in estimating the severity of commercial trucking claims and the potential judgment or settlement amount that may be incurred in connection with the resolution of such claims.

Significant variances from management’s estimates for the ultimate resolution of self-insured claims could be expected to positively or negatively affect Landstar’s earnings in a given quarter or year. However, management believes that the ultimate resolution of these items, given a range of reasonably likely outcomes, will not significantly affect the long-term financial condition of Landstar or its ability to fund its continuing operations.

SEASONALITY

Landstar’s operations are subject to seasonal trends common to the trucking industry. Historically, truckload shipments for the quarter ending in March are typically lower than for the quarters ending June, September and December. The COVID-19 global pandemic and related supply chain issues significantly disrupted these typical seasonal patterns. In particular, the Company’s 2022 and 2023 fiscal year results did not reflect normal seasonal patterns. No assurances can be given regarding the extent to which or when trends common to the trucking industry and Landstar’s operations, in particular, will return to more typical, pre-pandemic, seasonal patterns.

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

The Company is exposed to changes in interest rates as a result of its financing activities, primarily its borrowings on its revolving credit facility, if any, and investing activities with respect to investments held by the insurance segment.

On July 1, 2022, Landstar entered into the Second Amended and Restated Credit Agreement (the “Credit Agreement”) with a bank syndicate led by JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., as administrative agent. The Credit Agreement, which matures July 1, 2027, provides for borrowing capacity in the form of a revolving credit facility of $300,000,000, $45,000,000 of which may be utilized in the form of letters of credit. The Credit Agreement also includes an “accordion” feature providing for a possible increase of up to an aggregate amount of borrowing capacity of $600,000,000.

The revolving credit loans under the Credit Agreement as of March 30, 2024, at the option of Landstar, bear interest at (i) a forward-looking term rate based on the secured overnight financing rate plus 0.10% and an applicable margin ranging from 1.25% to 2.00%, or (ii) an alternate base rate plus an applicable margin ranging from 0.25% to 1.00%, in each case with the applicable margin determined based upon the Company’s Leverage Ratio, as defined in the Credit Agreement, at the end of the most recent applicable fiscal quarter for which financial statements have been delivered. The revolving credit facility bears a commitment fee, payable in arrears, of 0.20% to 0.30%, based on the Company’s Leverage Ratio at the end of the most recent applicable fiscal quarter for which financial statements have been delivered. During the entire first quarter of 2024 and as of March 30, 2024 and December 30, 2023, the Company had no borrowings outstanding under the Credit Agreement.

Long-term investments, all of which are available-for-sale and are carried at fair value, include primarily investment-grade bonds and asset-backed securities having maturities of up to five years. Assuming that the long-term portion of investments remains at $85,298,000, the balance at March 30, 2024, a hypothetical increase or decrease in interest rates of 100 basis points would not have a material impact on future earnings on an annualized basis. Short-term investments primarily consist of short-term investment-grade instruments and the current maturities of investment-grade corporate bonds and asset-backed securities. Accordingly, any future interest rate risk on these short-term investments would not be material to the Company’s operating results.

Assets and liabilities of the Company’s Canadian and Mexican operations are translated from their functional currency to U.S. dollars using exchange rates in effect at the balance sheet date and revenue and expense accounts are translated at average monthly exchange rates during the period. Adjustments resulting from the translation process are included in accumulated other comprehensive income. Transactional gains and losses arising from receivable and payable balances, including intercompany balances, in the normal course of business that are denominated in a currency other than the functional currency of the operation are recorded in the statements of income when they occur. The assets held at the Company’s Canadian and Mexican subsidiaries at March 30, 2024 were collectively, as translated to U.S. dollars, less than 3% of total consolidated assets. Accordingly, translation gains or losses of 30% or less related to the Canadian and Mexican operations would not be material.

 

28


Item 4. Controls and Procedures

As of the end of the period covered by this quarterly report on Form 10-Q, an evaluation was carried out, under the supervision and with the participation of the Company’s management, including the Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”) and the Chief Financial Officer (“CFO”), of the effectiveness of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended). Based on that evaluation, the CEO and CFO concluded that the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of March 30, 2024 to provide reasonable assurance that information required to be disclosed by the Company in reports that it filed or submitted under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in Securities and Exchange Commission rules and forms.

There were no changes in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting during the first quarter of 2024, which were identified in connection with management’s evaluation required by paragraph (d) of Rules 13a-15 and 15d-15 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.

In designing and evaluating disclosure controls and procedures, Company management recognizes that any disclosure controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable assurance of achieving the desired control objectives, and management necessarily was required to apply its judgment in evaluating the cost-benefit relationship of possible controls and procedures. Because of the inherent limitation in any control system, no evaluation or implementation of a control system can provide complete assurance that all control issues and all possible instances of fraud have been or will be detected.

PART II

OTHER INFORMATION

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

See Part I, Item 2, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations — Legal Matters

Item 1A. Risk Factors

For a discussion identifying risk factors and other important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those anticipated, see the discussions under Part I, Item 1A, “Risk Factors” in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 30, 2023, and in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and “Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements” in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

There have been no material changes to the Risk Factors described in Part I “Item 1A. Risk Factors” in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 30, 2023 as filed with the SEC.

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

Purchases of Equity Securities by the Company

The Company did not purchase any shares of its common stock during the period from December 31, 2023 to March 30, 2024, the Company’s first fiscal quarter.

On December 7, 2021, the Landstar System, Inc. Board of Directors authorized the Company to purchase up to 1,912,824 shares of the Company’s common stock from time to time in the open market and in privately negotiated transactions. On December 6, 2022, the Landstar System, Inc. Board of Directors authorized the Company to purchase up to 1,900,826 additional shares of the Company’s common stock from time to time in the open market and in privately negotiated transactions. On December 4, 2023, the Landstar System, Inc. Board of Directors authorized the Company to purchase up to 319,332 additional shares of its common stock from time to time in the open market and in privately negotiated transactions under its share purchase program. As of March 30, 2024, the Company had authorization to purchase in the aggregate up to 3,000,000 shares of its common stock under these programs. No specific expiration date has been assigned to the December 7, 2021, December 6, 2022 or December 4, 2023 authorizations.

 

29


Dividends

Landstar entered into the Second Amended and Restated Credit Agreement, dated July 1, 2022, with a bank syndicate led by JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., as administrative agent (the “Credit Agreement”). The Credit Agreement provides for a restriction on cash dividends and other distributions to stockholders on the Company’s capital stock in the event there is a default under the Credit Agreement. In addition, the Credit Agreement, under certain circumstances, limits the amount of such cash dividends and other distributions to stockholders to the extent that, after giving effect to any payment made to effect such cash dividend or other distribution, the Leverage Ratio, as defined in the Credit Agreement, would exceed 2.5 to 1 on a pro forma basis as of the end of the Company’s most recently completed fiscal quarter.

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities

None.

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

Not applicable.

Item 5. Other Information

During the thirteen-week period ended March 30, 2024, none of our directors or executive officers adopted or terminated any contract, instruction or written plan for the purchase or sale of Landstar’s securities that was intended to satisfy the affirmative defense conditions of Rule 10b5-1(c) or any “non-Rule 10b5-1 trading arrangement.”

Item 6. Exhibits

The exhibits listed on the Exhibit Index are furnished as part of this quarterly report on Form 10-Q.

 

30


EXHIBIT INDEX

Registrant’s Commission File No.: 0-21238

 

Exhibit No.

 

Description

  (31)   Certifications Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
  31.1*   Chief Executive Officer certification, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
  31.2*   Chief Financial Officer certification, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
  (32)   Certifications Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
  32.1**   Chief Executive Officer certification pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
  32.2**   Chief Financial Officer certification pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
101.INS*   Inline XBRL Instance Document - the instance document does not appear in the Interactive Data File because its XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document.
101.SCH*   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
101.CAL*   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
101.DEF*   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
101.LAB*   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
101.PRE*   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document
    104*   Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as Inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101)

 

*

Filed herewith

**

Furnished herewith

 

31


SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

      LANDSTAR SYSTEM, INC.
Date: May 3, 2024      

/s/ Frank A. Lonegro

      Frank A. Lonegro
      President and
      Chief Executive Officer
Date: May 3, 2024      

/s/ James P. Todd

      James P. Todd
      Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Assistant Secretary

 

32