20-F 1 d269409d20f.htm FORM 20-F Form 20-F
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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
 
 
FORM
20-F
 
 
(Mark One)
REGISTRATION STATEMENT PURSUANT TO SECTION 12(b) OR 12(g) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
OR
 
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2021.
OR
 
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
OR
 
SHELL COMPANY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Date of event requiring this shell company report
    
    
    
    
For the transition period from
    
    
    
    
to
    
    
    
    
Commission file number:
001-39654
 
 
Lufax Holding Ltd
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)
 
 
N/A
(Translation of Registrant’s name into English)
Cayman Islands
(Jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
No. 1088 Yuanshen Road 28/F
Pudong New District, Shanghai
 People’s Republic of China
+86
21-3863-6278
(Address of principal executive offices)
James Xigui Zheng, Chief Financial Officer
Telephone: +86
21
-3863-6278
Email: Investor_Relations@lu.com
No. 1088 Yuanshen Road 28/F
Pudong New District, Shanghai
People’s Republic of China
(Name, Telephone, Email and/or Facsimile number and Address of Company Contact Person)
Securities registered or to be registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
 
Title of each class
 
Trading Symbol(s)
 
Name of each exchange on which registered
American depositary shares (two American depositary shares representing one ordinary share, par value US$0.00001 per share)
  
LU
  
New York Stock Exchange
Ordinary shares, par value
US$0.00001 per share*
       
New York Stock Exchange
 
*
Not for trading, but only in connection with the
listing
on the New York Stock Exchange of American depositary shares.
Securities registered or to be registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
None
(Title of Class)
Securities for which there is a reporting obligation pursuant to Section 15(d) of the Act:
None
(Title of Class)
 
 
Indicate the number of outstanding shares of each of the issuer’s classes of capital or common stock as of the close of the period covered by the annual report.
1,144,218,443 ordinary shares (excluding the 8,000,000 ordinary shares issued to the depositary bank for bulk issuance of ADSs reserved for future issuances upon the exercise or vesting of awards granted under the share incentive plans), par value US$0.00001 per share, as of December 31, 2021.
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    ☒  Yes    ☐  No
If this report is an annual or transition report, indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.    ☐  Yes    ☒  No
Note – Checking the box above will not relieve any registrant required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 from their obligations under those Sections.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    ☒  Yes    ☐  No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation
S-T
(§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    ☒  Yes    ☐  No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a
non-accelerated
filer, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule
12b-2
of the Exchange Act.
 
Large accelerated filer  ☒   Accelerated filer  ☐   
Non-accelerated
filer  ☐
  Emerging growth company  
If an emerging growth company that prepares its financial statements in accordance with U.S. GAAP, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards
 provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.    ☐  Yes    
  No
† The term “new or revised financial accounting standard” refers to any update issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board to its Accounting Standards Codification after April 5, 2012.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.      Yes    ☐  No
Indicate by check mark which basis of accounting the registrant has used to prepare the financial statements included in this filing:
 
U.S. GAAP  ☐   International Financial Reporting Standards as issued by the    Other  ☐
    International Accounting Standards Board  
    
If “Other” has been checked in response to the previous question, indicate by check mark which financial statement item the registrant has elected to follow.    ☐ Item 17    ☐  Item 18
If this is an annual report, indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule
12b-2
of the Exchange Act).    ☐  Yes      No
(APPLICABLE ONLY TO ISSUERS INVOLVED IN BANKRUPTCY PROCEEDINGS DURING THE PAST FIVE YEARS)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed all documents and reports required to be filed by Sections 12, 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 subsequent to the distribution of securities under a plan confirmed by a court.    ☐  Yes    ☐  No
 
 
 

TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
 
 
  
Page
 
  
 
1
 
  
 
5
 
  
 
6
 
Item 1.
 
  
 
6
 
Item 2.
 
  
 
6
 
Item 3.
 
  
 
6
 
Item 4.
 
  
 
77
 
Item 4A.
 
  
 
149
 
Item 5.
 
  
 
149
 
Item 6.
 
  
 
170
 
Item 7.
 
  
 
182
 
Item 8.
 
  
 
184
 
Item 9.
 
  
 
185
 
Item 10.
 
  
 
185
 
Item 11.
 
  
 
203
 
Item 12.
 
  
 
211
 
  
 
214
 
Item 13.
 
  
 
214
 
Item 14.
 
  
 
214
 
Item 15.
 
  
 
214
 
Item 16A.
 
  
 
215
 
Item 16B.
 
  
 
215
 
Item 16C.
 
  
 
215
 
Item 16D.
 
  
 
216
 
Item 16E.
 
  
 
216
 
Item 16F.
 
  
 
217
 
Item 16G.
 
  
 
217
 
Item 16H.
 
  
 
217
 
Item 16I.
 
  
 
217
 
  
 
218
 
Item 17.
 
  
 
218
 
Item 18.
 
  
 
218
 
Item 19.
 
  
 
218
 
  
 
223
 
 
i

INTRODUCTION
Except where the context otherwise requires and for purposes of this annual report only:
 
   
“active investors” refer to investors who have made at least one investment through our wealth management platform or have had client assets with us above zero in the past twelve months;
 
   
“ADSs” refer to our American depositary shares, with every two ADSs representing one ordinary share;
 
   
“AI” refers to artificial intelligence;
 
   
“APR” or “annualized percent rate” refers to the monthly
all-in
borrowing cost as a percentage of the outstanding balance annualized by a factor of 12, where
all-in
borrowing cost comprises the actual amount of (a) interest, (b) insurance premiums or guarantee fees and (c) retail credit facilitation service fees;
 
   
“China” or the “PRC” refers to the People’s Republic of China, excluding, for the purposes of this annual report only, Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan;
 
   
“client assets” refer to the outstanding balance of client assets generated through our platforms, where an asset is counted towards the outstanding balance for so long as it continues to be held by the investor who acquired it through our platform;
 
   
“consolidated affiliated entities” refers to entities in China with which we have contractual arrangements such that we have effective control over and are considered the primary beneficiary of those entities and we have consolidated their financial results in our consolidated financial statements;
 
   
“cumulative borrowers” refer to the cumulative number of borrowers who had submitted their loan application request and successfully made drawdowns since our inception;
 
   
“DPD 30+ delinquency rate” refers to the outstanding balance of loans for which any payment is 30 to 179 calendar days past due,
divided by
the outstanding balance of loans;
 
   
“IFRS” refers to International Financial Reporting Standards as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board;
 
   
“legacy products” mainly include (1) a category of unsecured revolving credit lines in our retail credit facilitation business and
peer-to-peer
products and (2) certain types of structured alternative products originated by financial institutions for individual investors, which we refer to as
business-to-consumer
or B2C products, in our wealth management business;
 
   
“Lufax,” “we,” “us,” “our company” and “our” refer to Lufax Holding Ltd, a Cayman Islands exempted company, and its subsidiaries, and, in the context of describing our operations and consolidated financial information, also include the consolidated affiliated entities in China, including Shanghai Xiongguo Corporation Management Co., Ltd., Shanghai Lufax Information Technology Co., Ltd. (formerly known as Shanghai Lujiazui International Financial Asset Exchange Co., Ltd.) and Shenzhen Lufax Holding Enterprise Management Co., Ltd., and their subsidiaries;
 
   
“non-traditional
financial service providers” refers to fintech companies, online-only TechFin companies and online lending platforms;
 
   
“ordinary shares” refer to our ordinary shares of par value US$0.00001 per share;
 
   
“outstanding balance of loans facilitated” refers to the total principal amount outstanding at the end of the given period for loans we facilitated;
 
1

   
“Ping An ecosystem” refers to Ping An Group and its subsidiaries, affiliates and associates, including but not limited to OneConnect Financial Technology Co., Ltd. (NYSE: OCFT), or OneConnect;
 
   
“Ping An Group” refers to Ping An Insurance and its subsidiaries;
 
   
“Ping An Insurance” refers to Ping An Insurance (Group) Company of China, Ltd.;
 
   
“Ping An P&C” refers to Ping An Property & Casualty Insurance Company of China, Ltd.;
 
   
“registered users” refer to individuals who have registered on our platform using their mobile phone number, without regard to whether they subsequently engage in any transactions on our platform;
 
   
“RMB” and “Renminbi” refer to the legal currency of China; and
 
   
“volume of new loans facilitated” refers to the principal amount of new loans we facilitated during the given period.
Our reporting currency is the Renminbi. This annual report also contains translations of certain foreign currency amounts into U.S. dollars for the convenience of the reader. Unless otherwise stated, all translations of Renminbi into U.S. dollars were made at RMB6.3726 to US$1.00, the exchange rate set forth in the H.10 statistical release of the Federal Reserve Board on December 30, 2021. We make no representation that the Renminbi or U.S. dollars amounts referred to in this annual report could have been or could be converted into U.S. dollars or Renminbi, as the case may be, at any particular rate or at all. On April 22, 2022, the exchange rate set forth in the H.10 statistical release of the Federal Reserve Board was RMB6.5010 to US$1.00.
Due to rounding, numbers presented throughout this annual report may not add up precisely to the totals provided and percentages may not precisely reflect the absolute figures.
Summary of Risk Factors
Risks Relating to Our Business
 
   
Our industry is rapidly changing, and our business has evolved significantly in recent years, which makes it difficult to evaluate our future prospects.
 
   
A credit crisis or a prolonged downturn in the credit markets may materially and adversely impact our reputation, business, results of operations and financial position.
 
   
If the total fees we charge for our retail credit facilitation service are deemed to be in excess of interest rate limits imposed by laws or regulatory bodies, part of the interests and fees may not be valid or enforceable through the PRC judicial system.
 
   
The wealth management products displayed on our platform involve various risks, and failure to identify or fully appreciate such risks will negatively affect our reputation, client relationships, operations and prospects.
 
   
We may not have access to sufficient and sustainable funding at reasonable costs.
 
   
Our business is heavily regulated, and those regulations are complex and rapidly evolving, which makes compliance challenging.
 
   
Any failure to obtain, renew or retain requisite approvals, licenses or permits applicable to our business may have a material adverse effect on us.
 
   
Even as we modify our business model and practices to remain in compliance with PRC laws and regulations, our legacy products and historical practices may be deemed to violate PRC laws and regulations.
 
2

   
If our credit assessment and risk management model is flawed or ineffective, or if the data that we collect for credit analysis inaccurately reflects the borrower’s creditworthiness, or if we fail or are perceived to fail to effectively manage the default risks of loans facilitated through our platform for any other reason, our business and results of operations may be adversely affected.
 
   
Information regarding individuals to whom we provide our financial services may not be complete, and our ability to perform due diligence, detect borrower fraud or manage our risks may be compromised as a result.
 
   
We must attempt to collect delinquent loans while not engaging in misconduct or permitting third-party agents to engage in misconduct during the collection progress.
 
   
Our business may be materially and adversely affected by the effects of the outbreak of
COVID-19
in China.
 
   
Our cooperation with various third parties is integral to the smooth operation of our business and platform, but these third parties may fail to perform or provide reliable or satisfactory services.
 
   
If we are unable to maintain or increase the amount of loans or investments we facilitate or if we are unable to retain existing borrowers and platform investors, or attract new borrowers or platform investors, our business may decline or fail to grow.
 
   
Our principal shareholders have significant influence over our company and their interests may not be aligned with the interests of our other shareholders.
Risks Relating to Our Corporate Structure
 
   
We are a Cayman Islands holding company with no equity ownership in the consolidated affiliated entities and we conduct our operations in China primarily through (i) our subsidiaries in China, (ii) the consolidated affiliated entities with which we have contractual arrangements, and (iii) the subsidiaries of the consolidated affiliated entities. Investors thus are not purchasing direct equity interests in our operating entities in China but instead are purchasing equity interests in a Cayman Islands holding company. If the PRC government finds that the agreements that establish the structure for operating our business do not comply with PRC laws and regulations, or if these regulations or their interpretations change in the future, we could be subject to severe penalties or be forced to relinquish our interests in those operations. Our holding company, our PRC subsidiaries, the consolidated affiliated entities and their subsidiaries, and investors of our company face uncertainty about potential future actions by the PRC government that could affect the enforceability of our contractual arrangements with the consolidated affiliated entities and, consequently, significantly affect the financial performance of the consolidated affiliated entities and our company as a whole. For a detailed description of the risks associated with our corporate structure, please refer to the risks disclosed under “Risk Factors—Risks Relating to Our Corporate Structure.”
 
   
The contractual arrangements between our PRC subsidiaries and the consolidated affiliated entities may not be as effective as direct ownership in giving us operational control over our business.
 
   
The consolidated affiliated entities or their shareholders may fail to perform their obligations under our contractual arrangements.
 
   
The shareholders of the consolidated affiliated entities may have conflicts of interest with us.
Risks Relating to Doing Business in China
 
   
PRC laws and regulations are developing and evolving, and PRC judicial and administrative authorities have significant discretion in interpreting and implementing statutory and contractual terms.
 
3

   
The interpretation and application of existing PRC laws, regulations and policies and possible new laws, regulations or policies relating to the internet industry have created substantial uncertainties regarding the legality of existing and future foreign investments in, and the businesses and activities of, internet businesses in China, including our business.
 
   
The PRC government’s significant authority in regulating our operations and its oversight and control over offerings conducted overseas by, and foreign investment in, China-based issuers could significantly limit or completely hinder our ability to offer or continue to offer securities to investors. Implementation of industry-wide regulations of this nature may cause the value of such securities to significantly decline. For more details, see “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors—Risks Relating to Doing Business in China—The PRC government’s significant oversight and discretion over our business operations could result in a material adverse change in our operations and the value of our ADSs.”
 
   
The approval of and filings with the CSRC or other PRC government authorities may be required in connection with our offshore offerings under PRC law, and, if required, we cannot predict whether we will be able to obtain such approval or complete such filings or how long they might take.
 
   
Our ADSs will be prohibited from trading in the United States under the Holding Foreign Companies Accountable Act, or the HFCAA, in 2024 if the PCAOB is unable to inspect or fully investigate auditors located in China, or in 2023 if proposed changes to the law are enacted. The delisting of our ADSs, or the threat of their being delisted, may materially and adversely affect the value of your investment.
Risks Relating to Our ADSs
 
   
The trading price of our ADSs is likely to be volatile.
 
   
The sale or availability for sale of substantial amounts of our ADSs, particularly after the expiration of
lock-up
agreements from our initial public offering beginning on April 28, 2021, could adversely affect their market price.
 
   
You may face difficulties in protecting your interests, and your ability to protect your rights through U.S. courts may be limited, because we are incorporated under Cayman Islands law.
 
   
Certain judgments obtained against us by our shareholders may not be enforceable.
Please see “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors” and other information included elsewhere in this annual report for a discussion of these and other risks and uncertainties that we face.
 
4

FORWARD-LOOKING INFORMATION
This annual report contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. All statements other than statements of current or historical facts are forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements are made under the “safe harbor” provisions of the U.S. Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from those expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements.
You can identify these forward-looking statements by words or phrases such as “may,” “will,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “aim,” “estimate,” “intend,” “plan,” “believe,” “likely to” or other similar expressions. We have based these forward-looking statements largely on our current expectations and projections about future events and financial trends that we believe may affect our financial condition, results of operations, business strategy and financial needs. These forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements about:
 
   
our goals and strategies;
 
   
our future business development, financial condition and results of operations;
 
   
the expected changes in our income, expenses or expenditures;
 
   
the expected growth of the retail credit facilitation and wealth management markets;
 
   
our expectations regarding demand for and market acceptance of our services;
 
   
our expectations regarding our relationship with borrowers, platform investors, funding sources, product providers and other business partners;
 
   
competition in our industry;
 
   
general economic and business conditions in China and elsewhere;
 
   
government policies and regulations relating to our industry; and
 
   
the outcome of any current and future legal or administrative proceedings.
You should read this annual report and the documents that we refer to in this annual report with the understanding that our actual future results may be materially different from and worse than what we expect. Other sections of this annual report include additional factors which could adversely impact our business and financial performance. Moreover, we operate in an evolving environment. New risk factors and uncertainties emerge from time to time and it is not possible for our management to predict all risk factors and uncertainties, nor can we assess the impact of all factors on our business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements. We qualify all of our forward-looking statements by these cautionary statements.
This annual report also contains statistical data and estimates that we obtained from government and private publications. Although we have not independently verified the data, we believe that the publications and reports are reliable. The market data contained in this annual report involves a number of assumptions, estimates and limitations. The retail credit facilitation market, the wealth management market and related markets in China and elsewhere may not grow at the rates projected by market data, or at all. The failure of these markets to grow at the projected rates may have a material adverse effect on our business and the market price of our ADSs. If any one or more of the assumptions underlying the market data turns out to be incorrect, actual results may differ from the projections based on these assumptions. In addition, projections, assumptions and estimates of our future performance and the future performance of the industry in which we operate are necessarily subject to a high degree of uncertainty and risk due to a variety of factors, including those described in “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors” and elsewhere in this annual report. You should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements.
 
5

PART I
Item 1. Identity of Directors, Senior Management and Advisers
Not applicable.
Item 2. Offer Statistics and Expected Timetable
Not applicable.
Item 3. Key Information
Our Holding Company Structure and Contractual Arrangements with The Consolidated Affiliated Entities
Lufax Holding Ltd is not an operating company in China but a Cayman Islands holding company with no equity ownership in its consolidated affiliated entities. We conduct our operations in China through (i) our PRC subsidiaries, (ii) the consolidated affiliated entities with which we have contractual arrangements, and (iii) the subsidiaries of the consolidated affiliated entities. PRC laws and regulations restrict and impose conditions on foreign ownership and investment in certain internet-based businesses. Accordingly, we operate these businesses in China through the consolidated affiliated entities and their subsidiaries, and rely on contractual arrangements among our PRC subsidiary, the consolidated affiliated entities and their respective shareholders to control the business operations of the consolidated affiliated entities and their subsidiaries. Revenues contributed by the consolidated affiliated entities and their subsidiaries accounted for 7.5%, 3.0% and 2.5% of our total revenues for 2019, 2020 and 2021, respectively. As used in this annual report, “we,” “us,” “our company” and “our” refer to Lufax Holding Ltd, its subsidiaries, and, in the context of describing our operations and consolidated financial information, the consolidated affiliated entities in China and their subsidiaries, including but not limited to (i) Shanghai Xiongguo Corporation Management Co., Ltd., or Shanghai Xiongguo, which was established in December 2014 for our wealth management business, (ii) Shanghai Lufax Information Technology Co., Ltd. (formerly known as Shanghai Lujiazui International Financial Asset Exchange Co., Ltd.), or Shanghai Lufax, which was established in September 2011 and operates our wealth management business, and (iii) Shenzhen Lufax Holding Enterprise Management Co., Ltd., or Shenzhen Lufax Enterprise Management, which was established in May 2018, operates our wealth management business, and holds an internet content provider license, or ICP license. Investors in our ADSs are not purchasing equity interests in the consolidated affiliated entities in China but instead are purchasing equity interests in a holding company incorporated in the Cayman Islands.
A series of contractual agreements, including exclusive business cooperation agreements, voting trust agreements or voting proxy agreements, share pledge agreements, exclusive option agreements, letters of undertakings and spousal consent letters, have been entered into by and among our PRC subsidiaries, the consolidated affiliated entities and their respective shareholders. As a result of the contractual arrangements, we have effective control over and are considered the primary beneficiary of the consolidated affiliated entities, and we have consolidated their financial results in our consolidated financial statements. For more details of these contractual arrangements, see “Item 4. Information on the Company—C. Organizational Structure—Contractual Arrangements with the Principal Consolidated Affiliated Entities.”
However, the contractual arrangements may not be as effective as direct ownership in providing us with control over the consolidated affiliated entities and we may incur substantial costs to enforce the terms of the arrangements. In addition, these agreements have not been tested in China courts. See “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors—Risks Relating to Our Corporate Structure—The contractual arrangements with the consolidated affiliated entities and their shareholders may not be as effective as direct ownership in providing operational control or enabling us to derive economic benefits” and “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors—Risks Relating to Our Corporate Structure—The shareholders of the consolidated affiliated entities may have actual or potential conflicts of interest with us, which may adversely affect our business and financial condition.”
 
6

There are also substantial uncertainties regarding the interpretation and application of current and future PRC laws, regulations and rules regarding the rights of our Cayman Islands holding company with respect to its contractual arrangements with the consolidated affiliated entities and their shareholders. It is uncertain whether any new PRC laws or regulations relating to the contractual arrangements of the consolidated affiliated entities will be adopted or, if adopted, what they would provide. If we or the consolidated affiliated entities are found to be in violation of any existing or future PRC laws or regulations, or fail to obtain or maintain any of the required permits or approvals, the relevant PRC regulatory authorities would have broad discretion to take action in dealing with such violations or failures. See “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors—Risks Relating to Our Corporate Structure—If the PRC government finds that the agreements that establish the structure for operating some of our operations in China do not comply with PRC regulations relating to the relevant industries, or if these regulations or the interpretation of existing regulations change in the future, we could be subject to severe penalties or be forced to relinquish our interests in those operations.”
Our corporate structure is subject to risks associated with our contractual arrangements with the consolidated affiliated entities. If the PRC government deems that our contractual arrangements with the consolidated affiliated entities do not comply with PRC regulatory restrictions on foreign investment in the relevant industries, or if these regulations or the interpretation of existing regulations change or are interpreted differently in the future, we could be subject to severe penalties or be forced to relinquish our interests in those operations. Our holding company, our PRC subsidiaries, the consolidated affiliated entities and their subsidiaries, and investors of our company face uncertainty about potential future actions by the PRC government that could affect the enforceability of the contractual arrangements with the consolidated affiliated entities and, consequently, significantly affect the financial performance of the consolidated affiliated entities and our company as a whole. For a detailed description of the risks associated with our corporate structure, please refer to risks disclosed under “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors—Risks Relating to Our Corporate Structure.”
We face various risks and uncertainties related to doing business in China. Our business operations are primarily conducted through the consolidated affiliated entities and their subsidiaries in China, and we are subject to complex and evolving PRC laws and regulations. For example, we face risks associated with regulatory approvals on offshore offerings, anti-monopoly regulatory actions, and oversight on cybersecurity and data privacy, as well as the lack of inspection by the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board, or the PCAOB, on our auditors, which may impact our ability to conduct certain businesses, accept foreign investments, or list on a United States or other foreign exchange. These risks could result in a material adverse change in our operations and the value of our ADSs, significantly limit or completely hinder our ability to continue to offer securities to investors, or cause the value of such securities to significantly decline. For a detailed description of Risks Relating to Doing Business in China, please refer to risks disclosed under “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors—Risks Relating to Doing Business in China.”
The PRC government’s significant authority in regulating our operations and its oversight and control over offerings conducted overseas by, and foreign investment in, China-based issuers could significantly limit or completely hinder our ability to offer or continue to offer securities to investors. Implementation of industry-wide regulations, including data security or anti-monopoly related regulations, of this nature may cause the value of such securities to significantly decline. For more details, see “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors—Risks Relating to Doing Business in China—The PRC government’s significant oversight and discretion over our business operations could result in a material adverse change in our operations and the value of our ADSs.”
Risks and uncertainties arising from the legal system in China, including risks and uncertainties regarding the enforcement of laws and quickly evolving rules and regulations in China, could result in a material adverse change in our operations and the value of our ADSs. For more details, see “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors—Risks Relating to Doing Business in China—Uncertainties with respect to the PRC legal system could adversely affect us” and “ —We may be adversely affected by the complexity, uncertainties and changes in PRC regulation of internet-related businesses and companies.”
Permissions Required from the PRC Authorities for Our Operations
Our operations in China are governed by PRC laws and regulations. As of the date of this annual report, our PRC subsidiaries and consolidated affiliated entities and their subsidiaries have obtained the requisite licenses and permits from the PRC government authorities that are material for the business operations of our holding company and the consolidated affiliated entities in China, including, among others, the ICP licenses. Given the uncertainties of interpretation and implementation of laws and regulations and the enforcement practice of government authorities, we may be required to obtain additional licenses, permits, filings or approvals for the functions and services of our platform in the future. For more detailed information, see “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors—Risks Relating to Our Business—Any failure to obtain, renew or retain requisite approvals, licenses or permits applicable to our business may have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.”
 
 
7

Furthermore, for issuances of securities to foreign investors, under current PRC laws, regulations and regulatory rules, as of the date of this annual report, we (i) are not required to obtain permissions from the China Securities Regulatory Commission, or the CSRC, (ii) are not required to go through cybersecurity review by the Cyberspace Administration of China, or the CAC, and (iii) have neither received nor were denied such requisite permissions by any PRC authority. However, in certain circumstances, the PRC governmental authorities may require us to undergo a cybersecurity review. For more detailed information, see “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors—Risks Relating to Our Business—Failure to comply with existing or future laws and regulations related to data protection, data security, cybersecurity or personal information protection could lead to liabilities, administrative penalties or other regulatory actions, which could negatively affect our operating results and business.” Meanwhile, the PRC government has recently indicated an intent to exert more oversight and control over offerings that are conducted overseas and foreign investment in China-based issuers. For more detailed information, see “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors—Risks Relating to Doing Business in China—The approval of and filings with the CSRC or other PRC government authorities may be required in connection with our offshore offerings under PRC law, and, if required, we cannot predict whether we will be able to obtain such approval or complete such filings or how long they might take.”
Cash and Asset Flows through Our Organization
Lufax Holding Ltd is a holding company with no operations of its own. We conduct our operations in China primarily through our subsidiaries and the consolidated affiliated entities and their subsidiaries in China. As a result, although other means are available for us to obtain financing at the holding company level, Lufax Holding Ltd’s ability to pay dividends to its shareholders and to service any debt it may incur may depend upon dividends paid by our PRC subsidiaries and on technical and consulting service fees paid by the consolidated affiliated entities in China. If any of our subsidiaries incurs debt on its own behalf in the future, the instruments governing such debt may restrict its ability to pay dividends to Lufax Holding Ltd. In addition, our PRC subsidiaries are permitted to pay dividends to Lufax Holding Ltd only out of their retained earnings, if any, as determined in accordance with PRC accounting standards and regulations. Further, our PRC subsidiaries and consolidated affiliated entities are required to make appropriations to certain statutory reserve funds or may make appropriations to certain discretionary funds, which are not distributable as cash dividends except in the event of a solvent liquidation of the companies. For more details, see “Item 5. Operating and Financial Review and Prospects—B. Liquidity and Capital Resources—Holding Company Structure.”
Under PRC laws and regulations, our PRC subsidiaries and consolidated affiliated entities are subject to restrictions with respect to paying dividends or otherwise transferring any of their net assets to us. Remittance of dividends by a wholly foreign-owned enterprise out of China is also subject to examination by the banks designated by the State Administration of Foreign Exchange, or SAFE. For risks relating to the fund flows of our operations in China, see “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors—Risks Relating to Doing Business in China—We may rely on dividends and other distributions on equity paid by our PRC subsidiaries to fund any cash and financing requirements we may have, and any limitation on the ability of our PRC subsidiaries to make payments to us could have a material and adverse effect on our ability to conduct our business.”
Under PRC law, Lufax Holding Ltd may provide funding to our PRC subsidiaries only through capital contributions or loans, and to the consolidated affiliated entities only through loans, subject to satisfaction of government registration and approval requirements. Lufax Holding Ltd provided capital contribution and loans of RMB2.6 billion and RMB9.0 billion to its intermediate holding companies and subsidiaries in 2019 and 2020, respectively, and the consolidated affiliated entities received debt financing of RMB9.1 billion and RMB7.1 billion from the intermediate holding companies and subsidiaries in 2019 and 2020, respectively. In 2021, Lufax Holding Ltd collected loans of RMB3.6 billion (US$0.6 billion) from its intermediate holding companies and subsidiaries and the consolidated affiliated entities repaid debt financing of RMB7.3 billion (US$1.1 billion) to the intermediate holding companies and subsidiaries.
 
8

On November 8, 2021, our board of directors approved an annual cash dividend policy. Under the policy, we will declare and distribute a recurring cash dividend at an amount to range from 20% to 40% of the consolidated net profit in the previous fiscal year, beginning in 2022. On March 9, 2022, we announced a cash dividend of US$0.68 per ordinary share (US$0.34 per ADS) with a record date of April 8, 2022. Whether to make a dividend distribution in any particular year and, if so, the exact amount of such distribution will be based upon our operations and earnings, cash flow, financial condition and other relevant factors, and will be subject to adjustment and determination by the board of directors. See “Item 8. Financial Information—A. Consolidated Statements and Other Financial Information—Dividend Policy.” For PRC and United States federal income tax considerations of an investment in our ADSs, see “Item 10. Additional Information—E. Taxation.”
Under the current laws of the Cayman Islands, Lufax Holding Ltd is not subject to tax on income or capital gains. Payments of dividends to its shareholders are not subject to any Cayman Islands withholding tax. For purposes of illustration, the following discussion reflects the hypothetical taxes that might be required to be paid in China and Hong Kong, assuming that we have taxable earnings in the consolidated affiliated entities and we pay a dividend to shareholders of Lufax Holding Ltd:
 
Hypothetical
pre-tax
earnings in the consolidated affiliated entities
(1)
     100.00  
Tax on earnings at statutory rate of 25% at the level of the wholly foreign-owned enterprise, or WFOE
(2)
     (25.00
Net earnings available for distribution
     75.00  
    
 
 
 
Withholding tax at standard rate of 10%
(3)
     (7.50
Net distributions to Lufax Holding Ltd/Shareholders
     67.50  
    
 
 
 
 
(1)
For purposes of this example, the tax calculation has been simplified. The hypothetical book
pre-tax
earnings amount is assumed to equal Chinese taxable income.
 
(2)
Certain of our subsidiaries and consolidated affiliated entities qualify for a 15% preferential income tax rate in China. However, such rate is subject to qualification, is temporary in nature, and may not be available in a future period when distributions are paid. For purposes of this hypothetical example, the table above reflects a maximum tax scenario under which the full statutory rate would be effective.
 
(3)
The PRC Enterprise Income Tax Law imposes a withholding income tax of 10% on dividends distributed by a foreign invested enterprise to its immediate holding company outside of China. A lower withholding income tax rate of 5% is applied if the foreign invested enterprise’s immediate holding company is a tax resident in Hong Kong, subject to a qualification review at the time of the distribution. For purposes of this hypothetical example, the table above assumes a maximum tax scenario under which the full withholding tax would be applied.
The table above has been prepared under the assumption that all profits of the consolidated affiliated entities will be distributed as fees to our PRC subsidiaries under tax neutral contractual arrangements. If, in the future, the accumulated earnings of the consolidated affiliated entities exceed the service fees paid to our PRC subsidiaries (or if the current and contemplated fee structure between the intercompany entities is determined to be
non-substantive
and disallowed by Chinese tax authorities), the consolidated affiliated entities could make a
non-deductible
transfer to our PRC subsidiaries for the amounts of the stranded cash in the consolidated affiliated entities. This would result in such transfer being
non-deductible
expenses for the consolidated affiliated entities but still taxable income for the PRC subsidiaries. Such a transfer and the related tax burdens would reduce our
after-tax
income to approximately 50.6% of the
pre-tax
income. We believe that there is only a remote possibility that this scenario would happen.
Financial Information Related to the Consolidated Affiliated Entities
The following table presents the condensed consolidating schedule of financial position for the consolidated affiliated entities and other entities as of the dates presented.
 
9

Selected Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations Information
 
    
For the Year Ended December 31, 2021
 
    
Lufax
Holding Ltd
   
Subsidiaries
That Are Not
Primary
Beneficiaries
of
Consolidated
Affiliated
Entities
   
Primary
Beneficiaries
of
Consolidated
Affiliated
Entities
   
Consolidated
Affiliated
Entities and
Consolidated
Affiliated
Entities’
Subsidiaries
   
Elimination
   
Consolidation
 
                                      
    
(RMB in thousands)
 
Technology platform-based income:
     —         36,018,357       917,668       1,358,292       —         38,294,317  
Retail credit facilitation service fees
     —         35,990,339       —         96,635       —         36,086,974  
Wealth management transaction and service fees
     —         28,018       917,668       1,261,657       —         2,207,343