10-Q 1 lxrx-20220930.htm 10-Q lxrx-20220930
Q3FALSE2022--12-31000106282200010628222022-01-012022-09-3000010628222022-11-07xbrli:shares00010628222022-09-30iso4217:USD00010628222021-12-31iso4217:USDxbrli:shares00010628222022-07-012022-09-3000010628222021-07-012021-09-3000010628222021-01-012021-09-300001062822us-gaap:CommonStockMember2020-12-310001062822us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2020-12-310001062822us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2020-12-310001062822us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2020-12-310001062822us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember2020-12-3100010628222020-12-310001062822us-gaap:CommonStockMember2021-01-012021-03-310001062822us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2021-01-012021-03-310001062822us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2021-01-012021-03-310001062822us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2021-01-012021-03-310001062822us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember2021-01-012021-03-3100010628222021-01-012021-03-310001062822us-gaap:CommonStockMember2021-03-310001062822us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2021-03-310001062822us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2021-03-310001062822us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2021-03-310001062822us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember2021-03-3100010628222021-03-310001062822us-gaap:CommonStockMember2021-04-012021-06-300001062822us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2021-04-012021-06-300001062822us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2021-04-012021-06-300001062822us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2021-04-012021-06-300001062822us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember2021-04-012021-06-3000010628222021-04-012021-06-300001062822us-gaap:CommonStockMember2021-06-300001062822us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2021-06-300001062822us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2021-06-300001062822us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2021-06-300001062822us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember2021-06-3000010628222021-06-300001062822us-gaap:CommonStockMember2021-07-012021-09-300001062822us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2021-07-012021-09-300001062822us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2021-07-012021-09-300001062822us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2021-07-012021-09-300001062822us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember2021-07-012021-09-300001062822us-gaap:CommonStockMember2021-09-300001062822us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2021-09-300001062822us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2021-09-300001062822us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2021-09-300001062822us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember2021-09-3000010628222021-09-300001062822us-gaap:CommonStockMember2021-12-310001062822us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2021-12-310001062822us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2021-12-310001062822us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2021-12-310001062822us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember2021-12-310001062822us-gaap:CommonStockMember2022-01-012022-03-310001062822us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2022-01-012022-03-310001062822us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2022-01-012022-03-310001062822us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2022-01-012022-03-310001062822us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember2022-01-012022-03-3100010628222022-01-012022-03-310001062822us-gaap:CommonStockMember2022-03-310001062822us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2022-03-310001062822us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2022-03-310001062822us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2022-03-310001062822us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember2022-03-3100010628222022-03-310001062822us-gaap:CommonStockMember2022-04-012022-06-300001062822us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2022-04-012022-06-300001062822us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2022-04-012022-06-300001062822us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2022-04-012022-06-300001062822us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember2022-04-012022-06-3000010628222022-04-012022-06-300001062822us-gaap:CommonStockMember2022-06-300001062822us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2022-06-300001062822us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2022-06-300001062822us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2022-06-300001062822us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember2022-06-3000010628222022-06-300001062822us-gaap:CommonStockMember2022-07-012022-09-300001062822us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2022-07-012022-09-300001062822us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2022-07-012022-09-300001062822us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2022-07-012022-09-300001062822us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember2022-07-012022-09-300001062822us-gaap:CommonStockMember2022-09-300001062822us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2022-09-300001062822us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2022-09-300001062822us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2022-09-300001062822us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember2022-09-30xbrli:pure0001062822us-gaap:StockOptionMember2022-01-012022-09-300001062822us-gaap:StockOptionMember2021-01-012021-09-300001062822us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2021-12-310001062822us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2022-01-012022-09-300001062822us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2022-09-300001062822us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember2021-12-310001062822us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember2022-01-012022-09-300001062822us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember2022-09-300001062822us-gaap:CashMember2022-09-300001062822us-gaap:USTreasurySecuritiesMember2022-09-300001062822us-gaap:CorporateDebtSecuritiesMember2022-09-300001062822us-gaap:ShortTermInvestmentsMember2022-09-300001062822us-gaap:InvestmentsMember2022-09-300001062822us-gaap:CashMember2021-12-310001062822us-gaap:USTreasurySecuritiesMember2021-12-310001062822us-gaap:CorporateDebtSecuritiesMember2021-12-310001062822us-gaap:ShortTermInvestmentsMember2021-12-310001062822us-gaap:InvestmentsMember2021-12-310001062822us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2022-09-300001062822us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2022-09-300001062822us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2022-09-300001062822us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2021-12-310001062822us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2021-12-310001062822us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2021-12-3100010628222025-01-012025-12-3100010628222026-01-012026-12-3100010628222027-01-012027-12-3100010628222022-12-3100010628222023-06-3000010628222024-12-31utr:Rate00010628222014-11-012014-11-3000010628222014-11-2000010628222020-09-28

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
 (Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the Quarterly Period Ended September 30, 2022
or
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the Transition Period from _____________ to _____________
Commission File Number:  000-30111
Lexicon Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)
Delaware76-0474169
(State or Other Jurisdiction of
Incorporation or Organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification Number)
2445 Technology Forest Blvd.
11th Floor
The Woodlands, Texas 77381
(Address of Principal Executive Offices and Zip Code)
(281) 863-3000
(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $0.001LXRXThe Nasdaq Global Select Market
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    
Yes No 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files)
Yes No 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company.  See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer              Accelerated filer         Non-accelerated filer   ☑       
Smaller reporting company           Emerging growth company         
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registration has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
Yes No

As of November 7, 2022, 188,725,743 shares of the registrant’s common stock, par value $0.001 per share, were outstanding.



Lexicon Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
 
Table of Contents
 
  Page
Item 1.
 Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets - September 30, 2022 (unaudited) and December 31, 2021
 Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss (unaudited) - Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2022 and 2021
 Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity (unaudited) - Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2022 and 2021
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (unaudited) - Nine Months Ended September 30, 2022 and 2021
 Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 6.

The Lexicon name and logo are registered trademarks of Lexicon Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
 
——————

Factors Affecting Forward Looking Statements
This quarterly report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements. These statements relate to future events or our future financial performance. We have attempted to identify forward-looking statements by terminology including “anticipate,” “believe,” “can,” “continue,” “could,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intend,” “may,” “plan,” “potential,” “predict,” “should” or “will” or the negative of these terms or other comparable terminology. These statements are only predictions and involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors, including the risks outlined under “Part II, Item 1A. - Risk Factors” and in our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021, that may cause our or our industry’s actual results, levels of activity, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, levels or activity, performance or achievements expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements.
Although we believe that the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements may vary materially from our expectations. We are not undertaking any duty to update any of the forward-looking statements after the date of this quarterly report on Form 10-Q to conform these statements to actual results, unless required by law.


2


Part I – Financial Information
 
Item 1.  Financial Statements
 
Lexicon Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(In thousands, except par value)
 
 As of September 30,As of December 31,
 20222021
Assets(unaudited) 
Current assets:  
Cash and cash equivalents$18,834 $64,065 
Short-term investments117,369 22,678 
Accounts receivable39 14 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets2,821 2,164 
Total current assets139,063 88,921 
Property and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation and amortization of $5,177 and $4,853, respectively
932 1,176 
Goodwill44,543 44,543 
Other assets7,147 2,269 
Total assets$191,685 $136,909 
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity  
Current liabilities:  
Accounts payable$9,427 $9,152 
Accrued liabilities9,018 12,972 
Total current liabilities18,445 22,124 
Long-term debt, net of issuance costs23,784  
Other long-term liabilities5,438 1,190 
Total liabilities47,667 23,314 
Commitments and contingencies
Stockholders’ Equity:  
Preferred stock, $0.01 par value; 5,000 shares authorized; no shares issued and outstanding
  
Common stock, $0.001 par value; 300,000 shares authorized; 189,214 and 150,082 shares issued, respectively
189 150 
Additional paid-in capital1,705,607 1,608,749 
Accumulated deficit(1,559,226)(1,487,776)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(491)(10)
Treasury stock, at cost, 488 and 1,165 shares, respectively
(2,061)(7,518)
Total stockholders’ equity144,018 113,595 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity$191,685 $136,909 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements. 

3


Lexicon Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss
(In thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
 
 Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
 2022202120222021
Revenues:
Royalties and other revenue$39 $23 $111 $284 
Operating expenses:
Research and development, including stock-based compensation of $939, $1,138, $3,069 and $3,608 respectively
10,557 15,682 38,839 38,548 
Selling, general and administrative, including stock-based compensation of $1,709, $1,574, $5,183 and $4,741 respectively
12,577 7,303 31,754 23,496 
Total operating expenses23,134 22,985 70,593 62,044 
Loss from operations(23,095)(22,962)(70,482)(61,760)
Interest expense (864)(171)(1,677)(507)
Interest and other income, net572 11 709 120 
Net loss$(23,387)$(23,122)$(71,450)$(62,147)
Net loss per common share, basic and diluted$(0.13)$(0.16)$(0.45)$(0.43)
Shares used in computing net loss per common share, basic and diluted174,904 145,820 157,984 144,558 
Other comprehensive loss:
Unrealized (loss) gain on investments(341) (481)1 
Comprehensive loss$(23,728)$(23,122)$(71,931)$(62,146)

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

4


Lexicon Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
Common StockAdditional Paid-In CapitalAccumulated DeficitAccumulated Other Comprehensive Gain (Loss)Treasury Stock
SharesPar ValueTotal
Balance at December 31, 2020142,289 $142 $1,561,096 $(1,400,018)$(6)$(4,843)$156,371 
Stock-based compensation—  2,851    2,851 
Issuance of common stock under Equity Incentive Plans1,263 1 547    548 
Issuance of common stock under an Open Market Sale Agreement, net of issuance fees2,000 2 16,397    16,399 
Repurchase of common stock—     (2,675)(2,675)
Net loss—   (20,958)  (20,958)
Unrealized gain on investments—    11  11 
Balance at March 31, 2021145,552 145 1,580,891 (1,420,976)5 (7,518)152,547 
Stock-based compensation—  2,786    2,786 
Issuance of common stock under Equity Incentive Plans88 1 7    8 
Issuance fees related to Open Market Sale Agreement—  (31)   (31)
Net loss—   (18,067)  (18,067)
Unrealized loss on investments—    (10) (10)
Balance at June 30, 2021145,640 146 1,583,653 (1,439,043)(5)(7,518)137,233 
Stock-based compensation—  2,712    2,712 
Issuance of common stock under Equity Incentive Plans170  658    658 
Issuance of common stock under an Open Market Sale Agreement, net of issuance fees4,177 4 19,119    19,123 
Net loss—   (23,122)  (23,122)
Unrealized loss on investments—    (1) (1)
Balance at September 30, 2021149,987 $150 $1,606,142 $(1,462,165)$(6)$(7,518)$136,603 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.







5


Lexicon Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)

Common StockAdditionalAccumulated Other
SharesPar ValuePaid-In CapitalAccumulated DeficitComprehensive Gain (Loss)Treasury StockTotal
Balance at December 31, 2021150,082 $150 $1,608,749 $(1,487,776)$(10)$(7,518)$113,595 
Stock-based compensation—  2,772    2,772 
Issuance of equity classified warrants  698    698 
Issuance of treasury stock  (6,321)  6,321  
Repurchase of common stock     (864)(864)
Net loss—   (23,476)  (23,476)
Unrealized loss on investments—    (27) (27)
Balance at March 31, 2022150,082 150 1,605,898 (1,511,252)(37)(2,061)92,698 
Issuance of common stock under Equity Incentive Plans32       
Stock-based compensation—  2,832    2,832 
Net loss—   (24,587)  (24,587)
Unrealized loss on investments—    (113) (113)
Balance at June 30, 2022150,114 $150 $1,608,730 $(1,535,839)$(150)$(2,061)$70,830 
Stock-based compensation—  2,648    2,648 
Issuance of common stock, net of issuance fees39,100 39 94,229    94,268 
Net loss—   (23,387)  (23,387)
Unrealized loss on investments—    (341) (341)
Balance at September 30, 2022189,214 $189 $1,705,607 $(1,559,226)$(491)$(2,061)$144,018 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.
6


Lexicon Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
20222021
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net loss$(71,450)$(62,147)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization324 180 
Stock-based compensation8,252 8,349 
Amortization of debt issuance costs396 46 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
(Increase) decrease in accounts receivable(26)372 
(Increase) decrease in prepaid expenses and other current assets(470)1,985 
Decrease in other assets329 459 
Decrease in accounts payable and other liabilities(4,637)(13,433)
Net cash used in operating activities(67,282)(64,189)
Cash flows from investing activities:
Purchases of property and equipment(80)(1,198)
Purchases of investments(133,363)(28,880)
Maturities of investments38,191 26,092 
Net cash used in investing activities(95,252)(3,986)
Cash flows from financing activities:
Proceeds from issuance of common stock, net of fees94,268 36,705 
Repurchase of common stock(864)(2,675)
Proceeds from debt borrowings, net of fees23,899  
Net cash provided by financing activities117,303 34,030 
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents(45,231)(34,145)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period64,065 126,263 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period$18,834 $92,118 
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:
Cash paid for interest$1,281 $307 
Supplemental disclosure of non-cash activities:
     Right-of-use asset$5,206 $1,704 
     Issuance of equity classified warrants$698 $ 
     Issuance of treasury stock$6,321 $ 
     Recognition of exit fee liability related to debt borrowings$1,500 $ 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

7


Lexicon Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
 
1.           Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
 
Basis of Presentation: The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of Lexicon Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (“Lexicon” or the “Company”) have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles for interim financial information and pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by generally accepted accounting principles for complete financial statements.

In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring adjustments) considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. Operating results for the nine-month period ended September 30, 2022 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ended December 31, 2022.

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Lexicon and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. Intercompany transactions and balances are eliminated in consolidation.
For further information, refer to the financial statements and footnotes thereto included in Lexicon’s annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021, as filed with the SEC. 
Use of Estimates: The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
 
Cash, Cash Equivalents and Short-Term Investments: Lexicon considers all highly-liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less to be cash equivalents.  As of September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, short-term investments consisted of U.S. treasury bills and corporate debt securities. The Company’s short-term investments are classified as available-for-sale securities and are carried at fair value, based on quoted market prices of the securities.  The Company views its available-for-sale securities as available for use in current operations as they all contain maturities of less than one year.  Unrealized gains and losses on such securities are reported as a separate component of stockholders’ equity.  Net realized gains and losses, interest and dividends are included in interest income.  The cost of securities sold is based on the specific identification method.
 
Accrued liabilities: Accrued liabilities consisted of the following:
As of September 30,As of December 31,
20222021
(in thousands)
Accrued research and development services$1,184 $3,669 
Accrued compensation and benefits5,709 5,711 
Short term lease liability1,406 1,089 
Other719 2,503 
Total accrued liabilities$9,018 $12,972 

Leases: Lexicon determines if a contract is or contains a lease at inception or upon modification of the contract. A contract is or contains a lease if it conveys the right to control the use of an identified asset for a period in exchange for consideration. Control over the use of the identified asset means the lessee has both (a) the right to obtain substantially all of the economic benefits from the use of the asset and (b) the right to direct the use of the asset. Lexicon does not apply this accounting to those leases with terms of twelve (12) months or less.


8


Operating lease right-of-use assets and associated lease liabilities are recorded in the balance sheet at the lease commencement date based on the present value of future lease payments to be made over the expected lease term. As the implicit rate is not determinable in its leases, Lexicon used a borrowing rate ranging between 9% and 9.7% at the commencement date in determining the present value of future payments.

Revenue Recognition:

The Company performs the following five steps in determining the amount of revenue to recognize as its performance obligations under each of its contracts with customers: (i) identify the contract(s) with a customer; (ii) identify the performance obligation in the contract; (iii) determine the transaction price; (iv) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligation in the contract, and (v) recognize revenue when (or as) we satisfy the performance obligation. At contract inception, the Company evaluates whether development milestones are considered probable of being reached and estimates the amount to be included in the transaction price using the most likely amount method. If it is probable that a significant revenue reversal will not occur, the associated development milestone value is included in the transaction price. Development milestones that are not within the control of the Company or the licensee, including those requiring regulatory approval, are not considered probable of being achieved until those milestones are achieved. The transaction price is allocated to each performance obligation on a relative stand-alone selling price basis, for which the Company recognizes revenue when (or as) the performance obligation is satisfied. At the end of each reporting period, the Company re-evaluates the probability of achievement of the development milestones and any related constraint, and if necessary, adjusts its estimates of the overall transaction price. Any such adjustments are recorded on a cumulative catch-up basis, which would affect collaboration revenues in the period of adjustment.

In agreements in which a license to the Company’s intellectual property is determined distinct from other performance obligations identified in the agreement, the Company recognizes revenue when the license is transferred to the licensee and the licensee is able to use and benefit from the license.

The Company may receive payments from its licensees based on billing schedules established in each contract. Upfront payments and fees are recorded as deferred revenue upon receipt or when due, and may require deferral of revenue recognition to a future period until the Company performs its obligations under the relevant agreement. Amounts are recorded as accounts receivable when the Company’s right to consideration is unconditional.

Research and Development Expenses: Research and development expenses consist of costs incurred for company-sponsored as well as collaborative research and development activities. These costs include direct and research-related overhead expenses and are expensed as incurred.  Technology license fees for technologies that are utilized in research and development and have no alternative future use are expensed when incurred. Substantial portions of the Company’s preclinical and clinical trials are performed by third-party laboratories, medical centers, contract research organizations and other vendors. For preclinical studies, the Company accrues expenses based upon estimated percentage of work completed and the contract milestones remaining. For clinical studies, expenses are accrued based upon the number of patients enrolled and the duration of the study. The Company monitors patient enrollment, the progress of clinical studies and related activities to the extent possible through internal reviews of data reported to the Company by the vendors and clinical site visits. The Company’s estimates depend on the timeliness and accuracy of the data provided by the vendors regarding the status of each program and total program spending. The Company periodically evaluates the estimates to determine if adjustments are necessary or appropriate based on information it receives.
 
Stock-Based Compensation:  The Company recognizes compensation expense in its condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive loss for share-based payments, including stock options and restricted stock units granted to employees, based on their fair values on the date of the grant, with the compensation expense recognized over the period in which an employee is required to provide service in exchange for the stock award.  Stock-based compensation expense for awards without performance conditions is recognized on a straight-line basis. Stock-based compensation expense for awards with performance conditions is recognized over the period from the date the performance condition is determined to be probable of occurring through the time the applicable condition is met.  
 
The fair value of stock options is estimated at the date of grant using the Black-Scholes method.  The Black-Scholes option-pricing model requires the input of subjective assumptions.  Because the Company’s employee stock options have characteristics significantly different from those of traded options, and because changes in the subjective input assumptions can materially affect the fair value estimate, in management’s opinion, the existing models do not necessarily provide a reliable single measure of the fair value of its employee stock options.  For purposes of determining the fair value of stock options, the Company segregates its options into two homogeneous groups, based on exercise and post-vesting employment termination
9


behaviors, resulting in a change in the assumptions used for expected option lives.  Historical data is used to estimate the expected option life for each group. Expected volatility is based on the historical volatility in the Company’s stock price.  

The Company utilized the Black-Scholes valuation model for estimating the fair value of the stock option compensation granted, with the following weighted-average assumptions for stock options granted in the nine months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021:
 Expected VolatilityRisk-free Interest RateExpected TermDividend
Rate
September 30, 2022:    
Employees107 %2.4 %4 %
Officers and non-employee directors91 %1.9 %7 %
September 30, 2021:
Employees102 %0.6 %4 %
Officers and non-employee directors90 %1.1 %7 %

The following is a summary of stock option activity under Lexicon’s stock-based compensation plans for the nine months ended September 30, 2022:
 
 OptionsWeighted Average Exercise Price
 (in thousands) 
Outstanding at December 31, 20218,367 $6.80 
Granted4,587 3.05 
Expired(163)12.50 
Forfeited(609)7.41 
Outstanding at September 30, 202212,182 5.28 
Exercisable at September 30, 20225,728 $7.18 


During the nine months ended September 30, 2022, Lexicon granted its employees and non-employee directors annual restricted stock units. Outstanding employee restricted stock units vest in three annual installments. Outstanding non-employee director restricted stock units vest fully on the first anniversary of the grant. The following is a summary of restricted stock units activity under Lexicon’s stock-based compensation plans for the nine months ended September 30, 2022:
 SharesWeighted Average Grant Date
Fair Value
 (in thousands) 
Outstanding at December 31, 20211,854 $5.16 
Granted2,185 2.25 
Vested(1,012)4.86 
Forfeited(254)3.47 
Outstanding at September 30, 20222,773 $3.15 
 
Net Loss per Common Share: Net loss per common share is computed using the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding. Shares associated with convertible debt, stock options and restricted stock units are not included because they are antidilutive.








10





2.           Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In August 2020, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2020-06, Debt - Debt with Conversion and Other Options (Subtopic 470-20) and Derivatives and Hedging - Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity (Subtopic 815-40), which removes the separation models for convertible debt with cash conversion or beneficial conversion features. ASU 2020-06 also requires the application of the if-converted method for calculating earnings per diluted share, as the treasury stock method will no longer be permitted for convertible instruments. The adoption of ASU 2020-06 during the first quarter of 2022 did not have a material impact on the condensed consolidated financial statements.

3.           Cash and Cash Equivalents and Investments
 
The fair value of cash and cash equivalents and investments held at September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021 are as follows: 
 As of September 30, 2022
 Amortized CostGross Unrealized GainsGross Unrealized LossesEstimated Fair Value
 (in thousands)
Cash and cash equivalents$18,834 $ $ $18,834 
Securities maturing within one year:    
U.S. treasury securities97,984  (385)97,599 
Corporate debt securities19,876 1 (107)19,770 
Total short-term investments$117,860 $1 $(492)$117,369 
Total cash and cash equivalents and investments$136,694 $1 $(492)$136,203 
 As of December 31, 2021
 Amortized CostGross Unrealized GainsGross Unrealized LossesEstimated Fair Value
  (in thousands) 
Cash and cash equivalents$64,066 $ $(1)$64,065 
Securities maturing within one year:    
U.S. treasury securities7,562  (1)7,561 
Corporate debt securities15,125  (8)15,117 
Total short-term investments$22,687 $ $(9)$22,678 
Total cash and cash equivalents and investments
$86,753 $ $(10)$86,743 

There were no realized losses during either of the nine months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively. The cost of securities sold is based on the specific identification method.










11


4.            Fair Value Measurements
 
The Company uses various inputs in determining the fair value of its investments and measures these assets on a recurring basis. Assets and liabilities recorded at fair value in the condensed consolidated balance sheets are categorized by the level of objectivity associated with the inputs used to measure their fair value. The following levels are directly related to the amount of subjectivity associated with the inputs to fair valuation of these assets and liabilities:

Level 1 - quoted prices in active markets for identical investments, which include U.S. treasury securities
Level 2 - other significant observable inputs (including quoted prices for similar investments, market corroborated inputs, etc.), which includes corporate debt securities
Level 3 - significant unobservable inputs
The inputs or methodology used for valuing securities are not necessarily an indication of the credit risk associated with investing in those securities. The following table provides the fair value measurements of applicable Company assets that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis according to the fair value levels defined above as of September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021.
 Assets and Liabilities at Fair Value as of September 30, 2022
 Level 1Level 2Level 3Total
(in thousands)
Assets
Cash and cash equivalents$18,834 $ $ $18,834 
Short-term investments97,599 19,770  117,369 
Total cash and cash equivalents and investments$116,433 $19,770 $ $136,203 
 Assets and Liabilities at Fair Value as of December 31, 2021
 Level 1Level 2Level 3Total
 (in thousands)
Assets
Cash and cash equivalents$64,065 $ $ $64,065 
Short-term investments7,561 15,117  22,678 
Total cash and cash equivalents and investments$71,626 $15,117 $ $86,743 

The Company did not have any Level 3 assets or liabilities as of September 30, 2022 or December 31, 2021. Transfers between levels are recognized at the actual date of the circumstance that caused the transfer. There were no transfers between Level 1 and Level 2 during the periods presented.
Refer to Note 5, Debt Obligations, for fair value measurements of debt obligations.

5.          Debt Obligations
On March 17, 2022, Lexicon and one of its subsidiaries entered into a loan and security agreement with Oxford Finance LLC (“Oxford”) that provides up to $150 million in borrowing capacity (the “Oxford Term Loans”) available in four tranches, each maturing in March 2027. Monthly interest-only payments are due during an initial 36-month period, which may be extended at Lexicon’s option to 48 months if Lexicon maintains compliance with a financial covenant relating to net sales of sotagliflozin following regulatory approval. The interest-only period will be followed by an amortization period extending through the maturity date. Principal payments of $8.7 million, $13.0 million, and $4.8 million will be due during the fiscal years ended December 31, 2025, December 31, 2026 and December 31, 2027, respectively, with respect to the first tranche.
The first $25 million tranche was funded at closing. The second $25 million tranche is available for draw at Lexicon’s option from December 1 through December 31, 2022. The third $50 million tranche is available for draw at Lexicon’s option prior to June 30, 2023, but within 60 days of U.S. regulatory approval of sotagliflozin for heart failure. The fourth $50 million tranche is available for draw at Lexicon’s option, subject to Oxford’s consent, at any time prior to the expiration of the interest-only payment period.

12


The loan and security agreement provides that, upon funding of the first three tranches, Lexicon will grant Oxford a warrant to purchase shares of its common stock having a value equal to 3.50%, 1.75% and 0.875%, respectively, of each such tranche, as determined by reference to a 10-day average closing price of the shares. Each warrant will have an exercise price equal to such average closing price, be exercisable for a five-year period from the date of issuance and feature a net cashless exercise provision. Concurrent with the funding of the first tranche, Lexicon granted Oxford a warrant to purchase 420,673 shares of Lexicon’s common stock at an exercise price of $2.08 per share. The warrant is exercisable through March 1, 2027 and is classified as an equity instrument. The Company allocated the proceeds from the first tranche to the warrant using the relative fair value method and used the Black-Scholes model to calculate the fair value of the warrants. The fair value of the warrant of $0.7 million was recognized as equity with a corresponding debt discount of $0.7 million.

The Oxford Term Loans bear interest at a floating rate equal to the 30-day U.S. Dollar LIBOR plus 7.90%, but not less than 8.01%, subject to additional interest if an event of default occurs and is continuing. As of September 30, 2022, the interest rate was 10.45%. If an event of default occurs and is continuing, Oxford may declare all amounts outstanding under the loan and security agreement to be immediately due and payable. Lexicon may prepay the Oxford Term Loans in whole at its option at any time. Any prepayment of the Oxford Term Loans is subject to prepayment fees for up to three years after the funding of each tranche of the loans. A final payment exit fee equal to 6% of the amount funded under the Oxford Term Loans is due upon prepayment or maturity, which final payment will be adjusted to 7% of the amount funded upon extension of the interest-only payment period. The final payment exit fee of $1.5 million was recorded as a debt discount on the closing date of the first tranche.

During March 2022, in connection with the first tranche of the loan and security agreement, the Company received cash proceeds of $24.2 million, net of debt issuance costs of $0.4 million and a facility fee of $0.5 million. The debt issuance costs and facility fee have been recorded as a debt discount on the condensed consolidated balance sheet, which together with the final payment exit fee of $1.5 million and warrant fair value of $0.7 million are being amortized to interest expense throughout the life of the term loan using the effective interest rate method. On August 29, 2022, the Company entered into a first amendment to its loan and security agreement with Oxford providing that the second $25 million tranche under the facility will be available for draw at Lexicon’s option from December 1 through December 31, 2022 in exchange for $0.3 million of cash consideration. As of September 30, 2022, the balance of the debt discount was $2.7 million. During the nine months ended September 30, 2022, the Company recognized interest expense of $1.6 million. As of September 30, 2022, the carrying value of the Oxford Term Loans was $23.8 million. The fair value of the Oxford Term Loans approximates its carrying value and was determined using Level 2 inputs using discounted cash flow analysis, based on the Company’s estimated current incremental borrowing rate.

Lexicon’s obligations under the Oxford Term Loans are secured by a first lien security interest in all of the assets of the Company and its subsidiaries. The loan and security agreement contains certain customary representations and warranties, affirmative and negative covenants and events of default applicable to Lexicon and its subsidiaries. In addition to the financial covenant, additional covenants include those restricting dispositions, fundamental changes to its business, mergers or acquisitions, indebtedness, encumbrances, distributions, investments, transactions with affiliates and subordinated debt. The Company was in compliance with its debt covenants as of September 30, 2022.

Convertible Debt. In November 2014, Lexicon completed an offering of $87.5 million in aggregate principal amount of its 5.25% Convertible Senior Notes due 2021 (the “Convertible Notes”). The conversion feature did not meet the criteria for bifurcation as required by generally accepted accounting principles and the entire principal amount was recorded as long-term debt on the Company’s condensed consolidated balance sheets.
In 2020, the Company entered into separate, privately negotiated exchange agreements to exchange $75.8 million aggregate principal amount of the Convertible Notes for consideration valued at 85% of the principal amount of the Convertible Notes. In 2020, the Company issued 10,368,956 shares of the Company’s common stock and paid $50.0 million in cash, which included $1.3 million of accrued interest, to exchange such Convertible Notes. In December 2021, the remaining balance of $11.6 million was repaid in cash.
13



6.            Commitments and Contingencies
 
Operating Lease Obligations:  Lexicon’s operating leases include office space in The Woodlands, Texas and Basking Ridge, New Jersey and will expire in August 2025 and December 2022, respectively. Under its lease agreements, Lexicon is obligated to pay property taxes, insurance, and maintenance costs. In July 2022, the Company entered into a lease agreement for a 22,000 square-foot office space in Bridgewater, New Jersey to which it plans to relocate the New Jersey offices. The lease agreement will extend for ten years and 11 months from the date Lexicon occupies the building and provides for escalating yearly base rent payments starting at $820,000 and increasing to $986,000 in the final year of the lease.

As of September 30, 2022, the right-of-use assets for the office space leases had a balance of $7.1 million, which is included in other assets in the condensed consolidated balance sheet. Current and non-current liabilities relating to the leases were $1.4 million and $5.4 million, respectively, which are included in accrued liabilities and other long-term liabilities in the condensed consolidated balance sheet, respectively.

The following table reconciles the undiscounted cash flows of the operating lease liability to the recorded lease liability at September 30, 2022:

 (in thousands)
2022$292 
2023805 
20241,378 
20251,219 
2026865 
Thereafter6,525 
Total undiscounted operating lease liability11,084 
Less: amount of lease payments representing interest(4,240)
Present value of future lease payments6,844 
Less: short-term operating lease liability(1,406)
Long-term operating lease liability$5,438 

Legal Proceedings.  

Lexicon is from time to time party to claims and legal proceedings that arise in the normal course of its business and that it believes will not have, individually or in the aggregate, a material adverse effect on its results of operations, financial condition or liquidity.

7.           Collaboration and License Agreements
 
Lexicon has derived substantially all of its revenues from drug discovery and development alliances, target validation collaborations for the development and, in some cases, analysis of the physiological effects of genes altered in knockout mice, product sales, government grants and contracts, technology licenses, subscriptions to its databases and compound library sales, as well as from commercial sales of its XERMELO product following its commercial launch in February 2017 until its sale of XERMELO and related assets to TerSera Therapeutics, LLC in September 2020.

14


8.     Other Capital Agreements
 
Common Stock: In 2020, Lexicon entered into an Open Market Sale AgreementSM (the “Sales Agreement”) with Jefferies LLC (“Jefferies”) relating to the shares of its common stock. In January 2021, Lexicon sold 2,000,000 shares of its common stock at a price of $8.463 per share pursuant to the Sales Agreement, resulting in net proceeds of $16.4 million. In August and September 2021, Lexicon sold an aggregate of 4,176,953 shares of its common stock at a price of $4.732 per share pursuant to the Sales Agreement, resulting in net proceeds of $19.1 million. The net proceeds are reflected as issuances of common stock in the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements.

In August 2022, Lexicon sold an aggregate of 39,100,000 shares of its common stock at a price of $2.50 per share in a public offering and concurrent private placement to two affiliates of Invus, L.P., resulting in net proceeds of approximately $94.3 million, after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions and estimated offering expenses.



15


Item 2.  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 
Overview
 
We are a biopharmaceutical company with a mission of pioneering medicines that transform patients’ lives. We are devoting most of our resources to the research, development and preparation for commercialization of our most advanced drug candidates:

We are developing sotagliflozin, an orally-delivered small molecule drug candidate, as a treatment for heart failure and type 1 diabetes. We have reported positive results from two Phase 3 clinical trials evaluating the effect of sotagliflozin on long-term outcomes related to cardiovascular death and heart failure in approximately 10,500 and 1,200 patients, respectively. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration, or FDA, has accepted for filing our submission of an application for regulatory approval to market sotagliflozin for the reduction of the risk of cardiovascular death, hospitalization for heart failure and urgent heart failure visits in adults with heart failure, including those with worsening heart failure, and reduction in the risk of cardiovascular death, hospitalization for heart failure, urgent heart failure visits, nonfatal myocardial infarction and nonfatal stroke in adults with type 2 diabetes, chronic kidney disease and other cardiovascular risk factors, including a history of heart failure. We are now preparing for the commercial launch of sotagliflozin in the United States, if approved.
We have reported positive results from three Phase 3 clinical trials evaluating the effect of sotagliflozin on type 1 diabetes in approximately 800, 800 and 1,400 patients, respectively. The FDA issued a complete response letter regarding our application for regulatory approval to market sotagliflozin for type 1 diabetes in the United States. At our request, the FDA has issued a public Notice of Opportunity for Hearing on whether there are grounds for denying approval of our application and the hearing process is ongoing.

We are developing LX9211, an orally-delivered small molecule drug candidate, as a treatment for neuropathic pain. We have reported positive top-line results from a Phase 2 clinical trial of LX9211 in painful diabetic neuropathic pain and are conducting a second Phase 2 clinical trial of LX9211 in post-herpetic neuralgia, from which we expect top-line results in the fourth quarter of 2022. LX9211 has received Fast Track designation from the FDA for development in diabetic peripheral neuropathic pain.
We are conducting preclinical research and development and preparing to conduct clinical development of compounds from a number of additional drug programs originating from our internal drug discovery efforts.
LX9211 originated from our collaborative neuroscience drug discovery efforts with Bristol-Myers Squibb, and sotagliflozin and compounds from a number of additional drug programs originated from our own internal drug discovery efforts. Those efforts were driven by a systematic, target biology-driven approach in which we used gene knockout technologies and an integrated platform of advanced medical technologies to systematically study the physiological and behavioral functions of almost 5,000 genes in mice and assessed the utility of the proteins encoded by the corresponding human genes as potential drug targets. We have identified and validated in living animals, or in vivo, more than 100 targets with promising profiles for drug discovery.

We are working both independently and through collaborations and strategic alliances with third parties to capitalize on our drug target discoveries and drug discovery and development programs. We seek to retain exclusive or co-exclusive rights to the benefits of certain drug discovery and development programs by developing and commercializing drug candidates from those programs internally, particularly in the United States for indications treated by specialist physicians. We seek to collaborate with other pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies with respect to drug discovery or the development and commercialization of certain of our drug candidates, particularly with respect to commercialization in territories outside the United States or commercialization in the United States for indications treated by primary care physicians, or when the collaboration may otherwise provide us with access to expertise and resources that we do not possess internally or are complementary to our own.

We have derived substantially all of our revenues from strategic collaborations and other research and development collaborations and technology licenses, as well as from commercial sales of our XERMELO product following its commercial launch in February 2017 until our sale of XERMELO and related assets to TerSera Therapeutics, LLC in September 2020. To date, we have generated a substantial portion of our revenues from a limited number of sources.

Our operating results and, in particular, our ability to generate additional revenues are dependent on many factors, including the success of our ongoing nonclinical and clinical development efforts and the ability to obtain necessary regulatory approvals of the drug candidates which are the subject of such efforts; our success in establishing new collaborations and
16


licenses and our receipt of milestones, royalties and other payments under such arrangements; and general and industry-specific economic conditions which may affect research, development and commercialization expenditures.

Our ability to secure future revenue-generating agreements will depend upon our ability to address the needs of our potential future collaborators and licensees, and to negotiate agreements that we believe are in our long-term best interests. We may determine, as we have with certain of our drug candidates, that our interests are better served by retaining rights to our discoveries and advancing our therapeutic programs to a later stage, which could limit our near-term revenues and increase expenses. Because of these and other factors, our operating results have fluctuated in the past and are likely to do so in the future, and we do not believe that period-to-period comparisons of our operating results are a good indication of our future performance.

Since our inception, we have incurred significant losses and, as of September 30, 2022, we had an accumulated deficit of $1.6 billion. Our losses have resulted principally from costs incurred in research and development, selling, general and administrative costs associated with our operations, and non-cash stock-based compensation expenses associated with stock options and restricted stock units granted to employees and consultants. Research and development expenses consist primarily of salaries and related personnel costs, external research costs related to our nonclinical and clinical efforts, material costs, facility costs, depreciation on property and equipment, and other expenses related to our drug discovery and development programs. Selling, general and administrative expenses consist primarily of salaries and related expenses for executive, sales and marketing, and administrative personnel, professional fees and other corporate expenses, including information technology, facilities costs and general legal activities. We expect to continue to incur significant research and development costs in connection with the continuing research and development of our drug candidates. As a result, we will need to generate significantly higher revenues to achieve profitability.
Critical Accounting Policies
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires us to make judgments, estimates and assumptions in the preparation of our condensed consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes.  Actual results could differ from those estimates.  We believe there have been no significant changes in our critical accounting policies as discussed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In August 2020, the FASB issued ASU No. 2020-06, Debt - Debt with Conversion and Other Options (Subtopic 470-20) and Derivatives and Hedging - Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity (Subtopic 815-40), which removes the separation models for convertible debt with cash conversion or beneficial conversion features. ASU 2020-06 also requires the application of the if-converted method for calculating earnings per diluted share, as the treasury stock method will no longer be permitted for convertible instruments. The adoption of ASU 2020-06 during the first quarter of 2022 did not have a material impact on the condensed consolidated financial statements.

17


Results of Operations
 
Research and Development Expenses
 
Research and development expenses and dollar and percentage changes as compared to the corresponding periods in the prior year are as follows (dollar amounts are presented in millions):
 
 Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
 2022202120222021
Total research and development expense$10.6 $15.7 $38.8 $38.5 
Dollar (decrease) increase$(5.1)$0.3  
Percentage (decrease) increase(33)%% 
Research and development expenses consist primarily of third-party and other services principally related to nonclinical and clinical development activities, salaries and other personnel-related expenses, stock-based compensation expense, and facility and equipment costs.  

Third-party and other services – Third-party and other services for the three months ended September 30, 2022 decreased 54% to $4.9 million, and for the nine months ended September 30, 2022 decreased 6% to $21.9 million, as compared to the corresponding periods in 2021 primarily due to decreases in external research development costs and professional and consulting fees relating to preparations for the submission of our application for regulatory approval to market sotagliflozin in the United States for heart failure. Third-party and other services relate principally to our clinical trial and related development activities, such as nonclinical and clinical studies and contract manufacturing.

Personnel – Personnel costs for the three months ended September 30, 2022 increased 39% to $3.5 million, and for the nine months ended September 30, 2022 increased 34% to $10.2 million, as compared to the corresponding periods in 2021, primarily due to higher employee salaries and benefit costs as a result of increasing headcount during 2022 in preparation for commercialization of sotagliflozin. Salaries, bonuses, employee benefits, payroll taxes, recruiting and relocation costs are included in personnel costs.

Stock-based compensation – Stock-based compensation expenses for the three months ended September 30, 2022 decreased 18% to $0.9 million, and for the nine months ended September 30, 2022 decreased 15% to $3.1 million, as compared to the corresponding periods in 2021, primarily due to cancellation of unvested share-based awards during 2021.

Facilities and equipment – Facilities and equipment costs for each of the three months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021 was $0.4 million. Facilities and equipment costs for the nine months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021 were $1.0 million and $1.2 million, respectively.

Other – Other costs for each of the three months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021 were $0.9 million. Other costs for the nine months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021 were $2.7 million and $2.8 million, respectively.
















18


Selling, General and Administrative Expenses
 
Selling, general and administrative expenses and dollar and percentage changes as compared to the corresponding periods in the prior year are as follows (dollar amounts are presented in millions):
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
 2022202120222021
Total selling, general and administrative expense$12.6 $7.3 $31.8 $23.5 
Dollar increase$5.3 $8.3  
Percentage increase72 %35 %
Selling, general and administrative expenses consist primarily of personnel costs to support our research and development activities, professional and consulting fees, stock-based compensation expense, and facility and equipment costs.

Personnel – Personnel costs for the three months ended September 30, 2022 increased 96% to $4.7 million, and for the nine months ended September 30, 2022 increased 54% to $12.2 million, as compared to the corresponding periods in 2021, primarily due to higher employee salaries and benefit costs as a result of increasing headcount during 2022 in preparation for commercialization of sotagliflozin. Salaries, bonuses, employee benefits, payroll taxes, recruiting and relocation costs are included in personnel costs.

Professional and consulting fees – Professional and consulting fees for the three months ended September 30, 2022 increased 117% to $4.9 million, and for the nine months ended September 30, 2022 increased 43% to $10.6 million, as compared to the corresponding periods in 2021, primarily due to higher marketing and professional fees, partially offset by lower legal fees.

Stock-based compensation – Stock-based compensation expenses for the three months ended September 30, 2022 increased 9% to $1.7 million, and for the nine months ended September 30, 2022 increased 9% to $5.2 million as compared to the corresponding periods in 2021 due to increasing headcount in the current year.

Facilities and equipment – Facilities and equipment costs for the three months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021 was $0.4 million. Facilities and equipment costs for the nine months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021 were $0.9 million and $1.1 million, respectively.

Other – Other costs for the three months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021 were $1.0 million and $0.7 million, respectively. Other costs for the nine months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021 were $2.8 million and $2.3 million, respectively.

Net Loss and Net Loss per Common Share
Net loss and Net loss per Common Share. Net loss was $23.4 million, or $0.13 per share, in the three months ended September 30, 2022 as compared to a net loss of $23.1 million, or $0.16 per share, in the corresponding period in 2021. Net loss was $71.5 million, or $0.45 per share, in the nine months ended September 30, 2022 as compared to a net loss of $62.1 million, or $0.43 per share, in the corresponding period in 2021.
Our quarterly operating results have fluctuated in the past and are likely to do so in the future, and we believe that quarter-to-quarter comparisons of our operating results are not a good indication of our future performance.

Liquidity and Capital Resources
We have financed our operations from inception primarily through sales of common and preferred stock, contract and milestone payments we received under our collaborations and strategic licenses, target validation, database subscription and technology license agreements, product sales, government grants and contracts, and financing under debt and lease arrangements, as well as from commercial sales of our XERMELO product following its commercial launch in February 2017 until our sale of XERMELO and related assets to TerSera Therapeutics, LLC in September 2020. We have also financed certain of our research and development activities under financing arrangements with Symphony Icon, Inc. In March 2022, we entered into a loan and security agreement with Oxford Finance LLC that provides up to $150 million in borrowing capacity, available in four tranches, under which $25 million has been funded.
19


As of September 30, 2022, we had $136.2 million in cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments. As of December 31, 2021, we had $86.7 million in cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments. We used cash of $67.3 million from operations in the nine months ended September 30, 2022. This consisted primarily of the net loss for the period of $71.5 million and a net decrease in operating liabilities net of assets of $4.8 million, partially offset by non-cash charges of $8.3 million related to stock-based compensation expense. Investing activities used cash of $95.3 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2022, primarily due to net purchases of investments. Financing activities provided cash of $117.3 million primarily from $94.3 million of net proceeds from the issuance of common stock and $23.9 million of net proceeds from the Oxford debt financing, which were partially offset by $0.9 million used to repurchase common stock by retaining shares in substitution of the tax withholding obligations of recipients of restricted stock units granted under our 2017 Equity Incentive Plan with respect to the vesting of such restricted stock units.
Other commitments. In April 2019, sotagliflozin was approved in the European Union for use as an adjunct to insulin therapy to improve glycemic control in adults with type 1 diabetes and a body mass index ≥ 27 kg/m2, who could not achieve adequate glycemic control despite optimal insulin therapy. In March 2022, we filed an application for withdrawal of such approval for business reasons, which request was granted by the European Commission. Upon the achievement of certain European regulatory pricing approvals, we would have been required to make certain royalty payments, totaling $4.5 million, in three equal annual installments of $1.5 million.
Facilities. In February 2021, we leased a 25,000 square-foot office space in The Woodlands, Texas. The term of the sublease extends from March 1, 2021 through August 31, 2025, and provides for escalating yearly base rent payments starting at $506,000 and increasing to $557,000 in the final year of the lease.
In March 2015, our subsidiary Lexicon Pharmaceuticals (New Jersey), Inc. leased a 25,000 square-foot office space in Basking Ridge, New Jersey. The term of the lease extends from June 1, 2015 through December 31, 2022, and provides for escalating yearly base rent payments starting at $482,000 and increasing to $646,000 in the final year of the lease. In July 2022, Lexicon Pharmaceuticals (New Jersey), Inc. entered into an agreement to lease a 22,000 square-foot office space in Bridgewater, New Jersey to which we plan to relocate our New Jersey offices. The lease agreement will extend for ten years and 11 months from the date that Lexicon occupies the building and provides for escalating yearly base rent payments starting at $820,000 and increasing to $986,000 in the final year of the lease.
Our future capital requirements will be substantial and will depend on many factors, including the success of our ongoing nonclinical and clinical development efforts and the ability to obtain necessary regulatory approvals of the drug candidates which are the subject of such efforts; our success in establishing new collaborations and licenses and our receipt of milestones, royalties and other payments under such arrangements; the amount and timing of our research, development and commercialization expenditures; the resources we devote to developing and supporting our products and other factors.  Our capital requirements will also be affected by any expenditures we make in connection with license agreements and acquisitions of and investments in complementary technologies and businesses.  We expect to continue to devote substantial capital resources to prepare for the commercialization of sotagliflozin, if approved; successfully complete our nonclinical and clinical development efforts with respect to sotagliflozin, LX9211 and our other drug candidates; and for other general corporate activities.  We believe that our current unrestricted cash and investment balances and cash and revenues we expect to derive from strategic and other collaborations and other sources will be sufficient to fund our operations for at least the next 12 months.  During or after this period, if cash generated by operations is insufficient to satisfy our liquidity requirements, we will need to sell additional equity or debt securities or obtain additional credit arrangements.  Additional financing may not be available on terms acceptable to us or at all. The sale of additional equity or convertible debt securities may result in additional dilution to our stockholders.

From time to time, our board of directors may authorize us to repurchase shares of our common stock. If and when our board of directors should determine to authorize any such action, it would be on terms and under market conditions that our board of directors determines are in the best interest of us and our stockholders. Any such actions could deplete significant amounts of our cash resources and/or result in additional dilution to our stockholders.

Disclosure about Market Risk
 
We are exposed to limited market and credit risk on our cash equivalents which have maturities of three months or less at the time of purchase. We maintain a short-term investment portfolio which consists of U.S. Treasury bills and corporate debt securities that mature three to 12 months from the time of purchase, which we believe are subject to limited market and credit risk. We currently do not hedge interest rate exposure or hold any derivative financial instruments in our investment portfolio.
We had approximately $136.2 million in cash and cash equivalents and short-term investments as of September 30, 2022. We believe that the working capital available to us will be sufficient to meet our cash requirements for at least the next
20


12 months. We are subject to interest rate sensitivity on our outstanding Oxford Term Loans as they contain a floating rate tied to the 30-day LIBOR rate. The Oxford Term Loans interest is payable in cash monthly and matures in March 2027, unless earlier repaid in accordance with their terms.
We have operated primarily in the United States and substantially all sales to date have been made in U.S. dollars. Accordingly, we have not had any material exposure to foreign currency rate fluctuations.

Item 3.  Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
See “Disclosure about Market Risk” under “Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” for quantitative and qualitative disclosures about market risk.

Item 4.  Controls and Procedures
Our principal executive officer and principal financial officer have concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934) are effective to ensure that the information required to be disclosed by us in the reports we file under the Securities Exchange Act is gathered, analyzed and disclosed with adequate timeliness, accuracy and completeness, based on an evaluation of such controls and procedures as of the end of the period covered by this report. There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting during the three months ended September 30, 2022 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

21



Part II -- Other Information 

Item 1.  Legal Proceedings
 
We are from time to time party to claims and legal proceedings that arise in the normal course of our business and that we believe will not have, individually or in the aggregate, a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition or liquidity.


Item 1A.  Risk Factors
The following risks and uncertainties are important factors that could cause actual results or events to differ materially from those indicated by forward-looking statements. The factors described below are not the only ones we face and additional risks and uncertainties not presently known to us or that we currently deem immaterial also may impair our business operations.
Risks Related to Our Business and Industry
•    We depend heavily on our ability to obtain regulatory approval in the United States for sotagliflozin in heart failure. If we fail to obtain such regulatory approval, our business will suffer and our stock price will likely decline.

If approved, we will depend heavily on the commercial success of sotagliflozin in heart failure. If we do not achieve commercial success with sotagliflozin, our business will suffer and our stock price will likely decline.

•    We depend on our ability to obtain positive results from our ongoing Phase 2 clinical trial of LX9211 in post-herpetic neuralgia. If we fail to successfully complete and obtain positive results from such clinical trial, our business will suffer and our stock price will likely decline.

•    Clinical testing of our drug candidates in humans is an inherently risky and time-consuming process that may fail to demonstrate safety and efficacy, which could result in the delay, limitation or prevention of regulatory approval.

•    Our drug candidates are subject to a lengthy and uncertain regulatory process that may not result in the necessary regulatory approvals, which could adversely affect our and our collaborators’ ability to commercialize products.

The commercial success of any products that we or our collaborators may develop will depend upon the degree of market acceptance among physicians, patients, health care payers and the medical community.

If we are unable to reestablish an effective sales force, marketing infrastructure and distribution capabilities, we will not be able to successfully commercialize any products that we or our collaborators may develop.

If we are unable to maintain adequate coverage and reimbursement from third-party payers for any products that we or our collaborators may develop, our revenues and prospects for profitability will suffer.

We may not be able to manufacture products that we or our collaborators may develop in commercial quantities, which would impair our ability to commercialize such products.

We and our collaborators are subject to extensive and rigorous ongoing regulation relating to any products that we or our collaborators may develop.

We are subject to certain healthcare laws, regulation and enforcement; our failure to comply with those laws could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition.

Current healthcare laws and regulations and future legislative or regulatory reforms to the healthcare system may negatively affect our revenues and prospects for profitability.

•    Our competitors may develop products that impair the value of any products that we or our collaborators may develop.

•    We face business disruption and related risks resulting from the outbreak of the novel coronavirus, or COVID-19, including delays in the enrollment of ongoing clinical trials and other operational impacts, each of which could have a material adverse effect on our business.

22


Risks Related to Our Capital Requirements and Financial Results

•    We will need additional capital in the future and, if it is unavailable, we will be forced to delay, reduce or eliminate our research and development programs.  If additional capital is not available on reasonable terms, we will be forced to obtain funds, if at all, by entering into financing agreements on unattractive terms.

•    We have a history of net losses, and we expect to continue to incur net losses and may not achieve or maintain profitability.

Our operating results have fluctuated and likely will continue to fluctuate, and we believe that period-to-period comparisons of our operating results are not a good indication of our future performance.

•    We have substantial indebtedness that may limit cash flow available to invest in the ongoing needs of our business.

If we do not effectively manage our affirmative and restrictive covenants under the Oxford Term Loans, our financial condition and results of operations could be adversely affected.

Risks Related to Our Relationships with Third Parties

•    We depend on our ability to establish collaborations with pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies for the development and commercialization of our drug candidates, particularly for the development and commercialization of LX9211 for neuropathic pain. If we are unable to establish such collaborations, or if pharmaceutical products are not successfully and timely developed and commercialized under such collaborations, our opportunities to generate revenues from our drug candidates will be greatly reduced.

Conflicts with our collaborators could jeopardize the success of our collaborative agreements and harm our product development efforts.

We rely on third parties to carry out our nonclinical studies and clinical trials, which may harm or delay our research and development efforts.

We lack the capability to manufacture materials for nonclinical studies and clinical trials and commercial supplies for any products which gain regulatory approval. Our reliance on third parties to manufacture our drug candidates may harm or delay our research, development and commercialization efforts.

Risks Related to Our Intellectual Property

•    If we are unable to adequately protect our intellectual property, third parties may be able to use our products and technologies, which could adversely affect our ability to compete in the market.

We may be involved in patent litigation and other disputes regarding intellectual property rights and may require licenses from third parties for our planned nonclinical and clinical development and commercialization activities.  We may not prevail in any such litigation or other dispute or be able to obtain required licenses.

Data breaches and cyber-attacks could compromise our intellectual property or other sensitive information and cause significant damage to our business, reputational harm and financial loss.

We may be subject to damages resulting from claims that we, our employees or independent contractors have wrongfully used or disclosed alleged trade secrets of their former employers.

Risks Related to Our Employees and Facilities

•    If we are unable to manage our growth, our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects may be adversely affected.

The loss of key personnel or the inability to attract and retain additional personnel could impair our ability to operate and expand our operations.

Our facilities are located near coastal zones, and the occurrence of a hurricane or other disaster could damage our facilities and equipment, which could harm our operations.


23



Risks Related to Environmental and Product Liability
•    We have used hazardous chemicals and radioactive and biological substances in our business. Any claims relating to improper handling, storage or disposal of these substances could be time consuming and costly.

Our business has a substantial risk of product liability and we face potential product liability exposure far in excess of our limited insurance coverage.
Risks Related to Our Common Stock
•    Invus, L.P. and its affiliates own a controlling interest in our outstanding common stock and may have interests which conflict with those of our other stockholders.

•    Invus has additional rights under its stockholders’ agreement relating to the membership of our board of directors and under our certificate of incorporation relating to preemptive and consent rights, which provide Invus with substantial influence over significant corporate matters.

Our stock price may be extremely volatile.

Future issuances or sales of our common stock, or the perception that such issuances or sales may occur, may depress our stock price.

If securities or industry analysts do not publish research or publish inaccurate or unfavorable research about our business, our stock price and trading volume could decline.

For additional discussion of the risks and uncertainties that affect our business, see “Item 1A. Risk Factors” included in our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021 as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

24


Item 6.  Exhibits

Exhibit No. Description
10.1
*31.1
*31.2
*32.1
101.INS
XBRL Instance Document
101.SCH
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
101.CAL
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
101.DEF
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
101.LAB
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
101.PRE
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document
104Cover Page Interactive Data File (embedded within the Inline XBRL document)
_____________________
*Filed herewith.


25


Signatures
 
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 Lexicon Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
   
Date:November 9, 2022By:/s/ Lonnel Coats
  Lonnel Coats
  Chief Executive Officer
Date:November 9, 2022By:/s/ Jeffrey L. Wade
  Jeffrey L. Wade
  President and Chief Financial Officer



26