Company Quick10K Filing
Quick10K
Mastercard
Closing Price ($) Shares Out (MM) Market Cap ($MM)
$245.31 1,021 $250,560
10-Q 2019-03-31 Quarter: 2019-03-31
10-K 2018-12-31 Annual: 2018-12-31
10-Q 2018-09-30 Quarter: 2018-09-30
10-Q 2018-06-30 Quarter: 2018-06-30
10-Q 2018-03-31 Quarter: 2018-03-31
10-K 2017-12-31 Annual: 2017-12-31
10-Q 2017-09-30 Quarter: 2017-09-30
10-Q 2017-06-30 Quarter: 2017-06-30
10-Q 2017-03-31 Quarter: 2017-03-31
10-K 2016-12-31 Annual: 2016-12-31
10-Q 2016-09-30 Quarter: 2016-09-30
10-Q 2016-06-30 Quarter: 2016-06-30
10-Q 2016-03-31 Quarter: 2016-03-31
10-K 2015-12-31 Annual: 2015-12-31
10-Q 2015-09-30 Quarter: 2015-09-30
10-Q 2015-06-30 Quarter: 2015-06-30
10-Q 2015-03-31 Quarter: 2015-03-31
10-K 2014-12-31 Annual: 2014-12-31
10-Q 2014-09-30 Quarter: 2014-09-30
10-Q 2014-06-30 Quarter: 2014-06-30
10-Q 2014-03-31 Quarter: 2014-03-31
10-K 2013-12-31 Annual: 2013-12-31
8-K 2019-06-25 Shareholder Vote, Other Events
8-K 2019-05-28 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2019-04-30 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2019-02-13 Officers, Exhibits
8-K 2019-01-31 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-12-04 Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2018-12-01 Officers, Exhibits
8-K 2018-11-15 Enter Agreement
8-K 2018-10-30 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-09-17 Enter Agreement, Exhibits
8-K 2018-07-26 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-06-28 Regulation FD
8-K 2018-06-26 Shareholder Vote, Other Events
8-K 2018-04-05 Officers, Exhibits
8-K 2018-04-02 Officers, Exhibits
8-K 2018-02-21 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-02-01 Earnings, Exhibits
KHC Kraft Heinz 39,730
MDB Mongodb 7,420
WWW Wolverine World Wide 2,860
CONN Conn's 777
CBMG Cellular Biomedicine Group 312
TREC Trecora Resources 242
IDXG Interpace Diagnostics Group 28
RREIO Resource Apartment REIT III 0
GDSI Global Digital Solutions 0
SOV Santander Holdings 0
MA 2019-03-31
Part I - Financial Information
Item 1. Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
Note 1. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Note 2. Acquisitions
Note 3. Revenue
Note 4. Earnings per Share
Note 5. Cash, Cash Equivalents, Restricted Cash and Restricted Cash Equivalents
Note 6. Fair Value and Investment Securities
Note 7. Prepaid Expenses and Other Assets
Note 8. Property, Equipment and Right-Of-Use Assets
Note 9. Accrued Expenses and Accrued Litigation
Note 10. Stockholders' Equity
Note 11. Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
Note 12. Share-Based Payments
Note 13. Income Taxes
Note 14. Legal and Regulatory Proceedings
Note 15. Settlement and Other Risk Management
Note 16. Foreign Exchange Risk Management
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Part II - Other Information
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Item 5. Other Information
Item 6. Exhibits
EX-10.1 exb101-03312019.htm
EX-10.2 exb102-03312019.htm
EX-10.3 exb103-03312019.htm
EX-10.4 exb104-03312019.htm
EX-10.5 exb105-03312019.htm
EX-31.1 exb311-03312019.htm
EX-31.2 exb312-03312019.htm
EX-32.1 exb321-03312019.htm
EX-32.2 exb322-03312019.htm
EX-99.1 exb991-03312019.htm

Mastercard Earnings 2019-03-31

MA 10Q Quarterly Report

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow

Document
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Table of Contents

 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
Form 10-Q
x
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2019
Or 
¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from              to             
Commission file number: 001-32877
 
malogo.jpg
 
Mastercard Incorporated
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Delaware
13-4172551
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(IRS Employer
Identification Number)
 
 
2000 Purchase Street
10577
Purchase, NY
(Zip Code)
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(914) 249-2000
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes  x     No  o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check One):
Large accelerated filer
 
x
  
Accelerated filer
 
o  
 
 
 
 
 
Non-accelerated filer
 
o  
  
Smaller reporting company
 
o
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Emerging growth company
 
o
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13 (a) of the Exchange Act.
 
o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).  Yes  o    No  x
As of April 25, 2019, there were 1,009,964,059 shares outstanding of the registrant’s Class A common stock, par value $0.0001 per share; and 11,557,994 shares outstanding of the registrant’s Class B common stock, par value $0.0001 per share.
 



MASTERCARD INCORPORATED
FORM 10-Q

TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
Page
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 



2

Table of Contents

In this Report on Form 10-Q (“Report”), references to the “Company,” “Mastercard,” “we,” “us” or “our” refer to the business conducted by Mastercard Incorporated and its consolidated subsidiaries, including our operating subsidiary, Mastercard International Incorporated, and to the Mastercard brand.
Forward-Looking Statements
This Report contains forward-looking statements pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. All statements other than statements of historical facts may be forward-looking statements. When used in this Report, the words “believe”, “expect”, “could”, “may”, “would”, “will”, “trend” and similar words are intended to identify forward-looking statements. Examples of forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements that relate to the Company’s future prospects, developments and business strategies.
Many factors and uncertainties relating to our operations and business environment, all of which are difficult to predict and many of which are outside of our control, influence whether any forward-looking statements can or will be achieved. Any one of those factors could cause our actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied in writing in any forward-looking statements made by Mastercard or on its behalf, including, but not limited to, the following factors:
regulation directly related to the payments industry (including regulatory, legislative and litigation activity with respect to interchange rates, surcharging and the extension of current regulatory activity to additional jurisdictions or products)
the impact of preferential or protective government actions
regulation of privacy, data protection, security and the digital economy
regulation that directly or indirectly applies to us based on our participation in the global payments industry (including anti-money laundering, counter terrorist financing, economic sanctions and anti-corruption; account-based payment systems; issuer practice regulation; and regulation of internet and digital transactions)
the impact of changes in tax laws, as well as regulations and interpretations of such laws or challenges to our tax positions
potential or incurred liability and limitations on business related to any litigation or litigation settlements
the impact of competition in the global payments industry (including disintermediation and pricing pressure)
the challenges relating to rapid technological developments and changes
the challenges relating to operating real-time account-based payment system and to working with new customers and end users
the impact of information security incidents, account data breaches, fraudulent activity or service disruptions
issues related to our relationships with our financial institution customers (including loss of substantial business from significant customers, competitor relationships with our customers and banking industry consolidation)
the impact of our relationships with other stakeholders, including merchants and governments
exposure to loss or illiquidity due to our role as guarantor, as well as other contractual obligations
the impact of global economic, political, financial and societal events and conditions
reputational impact, including impact related to brand perception
the inability to attract, hire and retain a highly qualified and diverse workforce, or maintain our corporate culture
issues related to acquisition integration, strategic investments and entry into new businesses
issues related to our Class A common stock and corporate governance structure
Please see a complete discussion of these risk factors in Part I, Item 1A - Risk Factors of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018. We caution you that the important factors referenced above may not contain all of the factors that are important to you. Our forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this Report or as of the date they are made, and we undertake no obligation to update our forward-looking statements.


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PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1. CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

MASTERCARD INCORPORATED
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET
(UNAUDITED) 
 
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
 
(in millions, except per share data)
ASSETS
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
5,857

 
$
6,682

Restricted cash for litigation settlement
662

 
553

Investments
1,317

 
1,696

Accounts receivable
2,577

 
2,276

Settlement due from customers
1,426

 
2,452

Restricted security deposits held for customers
1,044

 
1,080

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
1,513

 
1,432

Total Current Assets
14,396

 
16,171

Property, equipment and right-of-use assets, net of accumulated depreciation of $905 and $847, respectively
1,305

 
921

Deferred income taxes
504

 
570

Goodwill
2,944

 
2,904

Other intangible assets, net of accumulated amortization of $1,228 and $1,175, respectively
1,025

 
991

Other assets
3,346

 
3,303

Total Assets
$
23,520

 
$
24,860

LIABILITIES, REDEEMABLE NON-CONTROLLING INTERESTS AND EQUITY
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
508

 
$
537

Settlement due to customers
1,189

 
2,189

Restricted security deposits held for customers
1,044

 
1,080

Accrued litigation
1,575

 
1,591

Accrued expenses
4,329

 
4,747

Current portion of long-term debt
500

 
500

Other current liabilities
1,101

 
949

Total Current Liabilities
10,246

 
11,593

Long-term debt
5,799

 
5,834

Deferred income taxes
61

 
67

Other liabilities
2,151

 
1,877

Total Liabilities
18,257

 
19,371

 
 
 
 
Commitments and Contingencies

 

 
 
 
 
Redeemable Non-controlling Interests
73

 
71

 
 
 
 
Stockholders’ Equity

 

Class A common stock, $0.0001 par value; authorized 3,000 shares, 1,389 and 1,387 shares issued and 1,012 and 1,019 outstanding, respectively

 

Class B common stock, $0.0001 par value; authorized 1,200 shares, 12 and 12 issued and outstanding, respectively

 

Additional paid-in-capital
4,569

 
4,580

Class A treasury stock, at cost, 377 and 368 shares, respectively
(27,534
)
 
(25,750
)
Retained earnings
28,806

 
27,283

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)
(673
)
 
(718
)
Total Stockholders’ Equity
5,168

 
5,395

Non-controlling interests
22

 
23

Total Equity
5,190

 
5,418

Total Liabilities, Redeemable Non-controlling Interests and Equity
$
23,520

 
$
24,860

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.


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MASTERCARD INCORPORATED
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF OPERATIONS
(UNAUDITED)


 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
 
(in millions, except per share data)
Net Revenue
$
3,889

 
$
3,580

Operating Expenses
 
 
 
General and administrative
1,367

 
1,321

Advertising and marketing
192

 
197

Depreciation and amortization
117

 
120

Provision for litigation

 
117

Total operating expenses
1,676

 
1,755

Operating income
2,213

 
1,825

Other Income (Expense)
 
 
 
Investment income
32

 
17

Interest expense
(46
)
 
(43
)
Other income (expense), net
4

 
4

Total other income (expense)
(10
)
 
(22
)
Income before income taxes
2,203

 
1,803

Income tax expense
341

 
311

Net Income
$
1,862

 
$
1,492

 
 
 
 
Basic Earnings per Share
$
1.81

 
$
1.42

Basic weighted-average shares outstanding
1,026

 
1,051

Diluted Earnings per Share
$
1.80

 
$
1.41

Diluted weighted-average shares outstanding
1,032

 
1,057


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.


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MASTERCARD INCORPORATED
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(UNAUDITED)

 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
 
(in millions)
Net Income
$
1,862

 
$
1,492

Other comprehensive income (loss):
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustments
11

 
161

Income tax effect
3

 
(2
)
Foreign currency translation adjustments, net of income tax effect
14

 
159

 
 
 
 
Translation adjustments on net investment hedge
36

 
(45
)
Income tax effect
(8
)
 
12

Translation adjustments on net investment hedge, net of income tax effect
28

 
(33
)
 
 
 
 
Defined benefit pension and other postretirement plans

 
(1
)
Income tax effect

 

Defined benefit pension and other postretirement plans, net of income tax effect

 
(1
)
 
 
 
 
Investment securities available-for-sale
4

 
(1
)
Income tax effect
(1
)
 

Investment securities available-for-sale, net of income tax effect
3

 
(1
)
 
 
 
 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
45

 
124

Comprehensive Income
$
1,907

 
$
1,616


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.



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MASTERCARD INCORPORATED
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN EQUITY
(UNAUDITED)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Stockholders’ Equity
 
 
 
 
 
Common Stock
 
Additional
Paid-In
Capital
 
Class A
Treasury
Stock
 
Retained
Earnings
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
 
Non-
Controlling
Interests
 
Total Equity
 
Class A
 
Class B
 
 
 
 
(in millions, except per share data)
Balance at December 31, 2018
$

 
$

 
$
4,580

 
$
(25,750
)
 
$
27,283

 
$
(718
)
 
$
23

 
$
5,418

Net income

 

 

 

 
1,862

 

 

 
1,862

Activity from non-controlling interests

 

 

 

 

 

 
(1
)
 
(1
)
Other comprehensive income, net of tax

 

 

 

 

 
45

 

 
45

Cash dividends declared on Class A and Class B common stock, $0.33 per share

 

 

 

 
(339
)
 

 

 
(339
)
Purchases of treasury stock

 

 

 
(1,790
)
 

 

 

 
(1,790
)
Share-based payments

 

 
(11
)
 
6

 

 

 

 
(5
)
Balance at March 31, 2019
$

 
$

 
$
4,569

 
$
(27,534
)
 
$
28,806

 
$
(673
)
 
$
22

 
$
5,190

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Stockholders’ Equity
 
 
 
 
 
Common Stock
 
Additional
Paid-In
Capital
 
Class A
Treasury
Stock
 
Retained
Earnings
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
 
Non-
Controlling
Interests
 
Total Equity
 
Class A
 
Class B
 
 
 
 
(in millions, except per share data)
Balance at December 31, 2017
$

 
$

 
$
4,365

 
$
(20,764
)
 
$
22,364

 
$
(497
)
 
$
29

 
$
5,497

Adoption of revenue standard

 

 

 

 
366

 

 

 
366

Adoption of intra-entity asset transfers standard

 

 

 

 
(183
)
 

 

 
(183
)
Net income

 

 

 

 
1,492

 

 

 
1,492

Activity related to non-controlling interests

 

 

 

 

 

 
(1
)
 
(1
)
Other comprehensive income, net of tax

 

 

 

 

 
124

 

 
124

Cash dividends declared on Class A and Class B common stock, $0.25 per share

 

 

 

 
(262
)
 

 

 
(262
)
Purchases of treasury stock

 

 

 
(1,383
)
 

 

 

 
(1,383
)
Share-based payments

 

 
2

 
4

 

 

 

 
6

Balance at March 31, 2018
$

 
$

 
$
4,367

 
$
(22,143
)
 
$
23,777

 
$
(373
)
 
$
28

 
$
5,656


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.



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MASTERCARD INCORPORATED
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS
(UNAUDITED)
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
 
(in millions)
Operating Activities
 
 
 
Net income
$
1,862

 
$
1,492

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Amortization of customer and merchant incentives
345

 
287

Depreciation and amortization
117

 
120

Share-based compensation
57

 
43

Deferred income taxes
38

 
(46
)
Other
6

 
1

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
(320
)
 
(80
)
Settlement due from customers
1,026

 
(156
)
Prepaid expenses
(497
)
 
(336
)
Accrued litigation and legal settlements
1

 
111

Restricted security deposits held for customers
(35
)
 
(141
)
Accounts payable
(22
)
 
(62
)
Settlement due to customers
(1,000
)
 
(63
)
Accrued expenses
(483
)
 
(50
)
Net change in other assets and liabilities
217

 
(85
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
1,312

 
1,035

Investing Activities
 
 
 
Purchases of investment securities available-for-sale
(305
)
 
(108
)
Purchases of investments held-to-maturity
(99
)
 
(123
)
Proceeds from sales of investment securities available-for-sale
476

 
198

Proceeds from maturities of investment securities available-for-sale
139

 
108

Proceeds from maturities of investments held-to-maturity
155

 
430

Purchases of property and equipment
(83
)
 
(82
)
Capitalized software
(59
)
 
(44
)
Other investing activities
(11
)
 
(12
)
Net cash provided by investing activities
213

 
367

Financing Activities
 
 
 
Purchases of treasury stock
(1,824
)
 
(1,352
)
Dividends paid
(340
)
 
(263
)
Proceeds from debt

 
991

Tax withholdings related to share-based payments
(116
)
 
(77
)
Cash proceeds from exercise of stock options
54

 
40

Other financing activities
3

 
(4
)
Net cash used in financing activities
(2,223
)
 
(665
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents
(54
)
 
95

Net (decrease) increase in cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents
(752
)
 
832

Cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents - beginning of period
8,337

 
7,592

Cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents - end of period
$
7,585

 
$
8,424

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.


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MASTERCARD INCORPORATED
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
Note 1. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Organization
Mastercard Incorporated and its consolidated subsidiaries, including Mastercard International Incorporated (“Mastercard International” and together with Mastercard Incorporated, “Mastercard” or the “Company”), is a technology company in the global payments industry that connects consumers, financial institutions, merchants, governments, digital partners, businesses and other organizations worldwide, enabling them to use electronic forms of payment instead of cash and checks.
Consolidation and Basis of Presentation
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Mastercard and its majority-owned and controlled entities, including any variable interest entities (“VIEs”) for which the Company is the primary beneficiary. At March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, there were no significant VIEs which required consolidation. The Company consolidates acquisitions as of the date in which the Company has obtained a controlling financial interest. Intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation. Certain prior period amounts have been reclassified to conform to the 2019 presentation. The Company follows accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”).
The balance sheet as of December 31, 2018 was derived from the audited consolidated financial statements as of December 31, 2018. The consolidated financial statements for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 and as of March 31, 2019 are unaudited, and in the opinion of management, include all normal recurring adjustments that are necessary to present fairly the results for interim periods. The results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2019 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full year.
The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements are presented in accordance with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) requirements for Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q. Reference should be made to the Mastercard Incorporated Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018 for additional disclosures, including a summary of the Company’s significant accounting policies.
Non-controlling interest amounts are included in the consolidated statement of operations within other income (expense). For the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, activity from non-controlling interests was not material to the respective period results.
Recently adopted accounting pronouncements
Comprehensive income - In February 2018, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (the “FASB”) issued accounting guidance that allows for a one-time reclassification from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) to retained earnings for stranded tax effects resulting from U.S. tax reform. The Company adopted this guidance effective January 1, 2019, electing to retain the stranded tax effects in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss). The adoption did not result in a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
Leases - In February 2016, the FASB issued accounting guidance that changed how companies account for and present lease arrangements. This guidance requires companies to recognize lease assets and liabilities for both financing and operating leases on the consolidated balance sheet. The Company adopted this guidance effective January 1, 2019, under the modified retrospective transition method with the available practical expedients.


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MASTERCARD INCORPORATED
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED) – (Continued)


The following table summarizes the impact of the changes made to the January 1, 2019 consolidated balance sheet for the adoption of the new accounting standard pertaining to leases. The prior periods have not been restated and have been reported under the accounting standard in effect for those periods.
 
Balance at December 31, 2018
 
Impact of lease standard
 
Balance at
January 1, 2019
 
(in millions)
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
Property, equipment and right-of-use assets, net
$
921

 
$
375

 
$
1,296

Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
Other current liabilities
949

 
72

 
1,021

Other liabilities
1,877

 
303

 
2,180


For a more detailed discussion on lease arrangements, refer to Note 8 (Property, Equipment and Right-of-Use Assets).
Recent accounting pronouncements not yet adopted
Implementation costs incurred in a hosting arrangement that is a service contract - In August 2018, the FASB issued accounting guidance which aligns the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred in a hosting arrangement that is a service contract with the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred to develop or obtain internal-use software. This guidance is effective for periods beginning after December 15, 2019 and early adoption is permitted. Companies are required to adopt this guidance either retrospectively or by prospectively applying the guidance to all implementation costs incurred after the date of adoption. The Company expects to adopt this guidance effective January 1, 2020 by applying the prospective approach as of the date of adoption and is in the process of evaluating the potential effects this guidance will have on its consolidated financial statements.
Disclosure requirements for fair value measurement - In August 2018, the FASB issued accounting guidance which modifies disclosure requirements for fair value measurements by removing, modifying and adding certain disclosures. This guidance is effective for periods beginning after December 15, 2019. Companies are permitted to early adopt the removed or modified disclosures and delay adoption of added disclosures until the effective date. Companies are required to adopt the guidance for certain added disclosures prospectively for only the most recent interim or annual period presented in the initial fiscal year of adoption and all other amendments retrospectively to all periods presented upon their effective date. The Company expects to adopt this guidance effective January 1, 2020 and does not expect the impacts to be material.
Note 2. Acquisitions
During the first quarter of 2019, the Company entered into definitive agreements to acquire businesses for aggregate consideration of approximately $975 million, which includes contingent consideration of $25 million (subject to customary purchase price adjustments). Subject to regulatory approvals and closing conditions, all acquisitions are expected to close in 2019. The Company will begin consolidating these acquisitions as of the date acquired.


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MASTERCARD INCORPORATED
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED) – (Continued)


Note 3. Revenue
The Company’s disaggregated net revenue by source and geographic region were as follows:
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
 
(in millions)
Revenue by source:
 
 
 
Domestic assessments
$
1,605

 
$
1,458

Cross-border volume fees
1,263

 
1,157

Transaction processing
1,922

 
1,707

Other revenues
842

 
748

Gross revenue
5,632

 
5,070

Rebates and incentives (contra-revenue)
(1,743
)
 
(1,490
)
Net revenue
$
3,889

 
$
3,580

 
 
 
 
Net revenue by geographic region:
 
 
 
North American Markets
$
1,347

 
$
1,248

International Markets
2,506

 
2,300

Other 1
36

 
32

Net revenue
$
3,889

 
$
3,580

1 Includes revenues managed by corporate functions.
Receivables from contracts with customers of $2.4 billion and $2.1 billion as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively, are recorded within accounts receivable on the consolidated balance sheet. The Company’s customers are billed quarterly or more frequently dependent upon the nature of the performance obligation and the underlying contractual terms. The Company does not typically offer extended payment terms to customers.
Contract assets are included in prepaid expenses and other current assets and other assets on the consolidated balance sheet at March 31, 2019 in the amounts of $44 million and $90 million, respectively. The comparable amounts included in prepaid expenses and other current assets and other assets at December 31, 2018 were $40 million and $92 million, respectively.
Deferred revenue is included in other current liabilities and other liabilities on the consolidated balance sheet at March 31, 2019 in the amounts of $265 million and $109 million, respectively. The comparable amounts included in other current liabilities and other liabilities at December 31, 2018 were $218 million and $101 million, respectively. Revenue recognized from performance obligations satisfied during the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 was $185 million and $161 million, respectively.


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MASTERCARD INCORPORATED
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED) – (Continued)


Note 4. Earnings Per Share
The components of basic and diluted earnings per share (“EPS”) for common shares were as follows:
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
 
(in millions, except per share data)
Numerator
 
 
 
Net income
$
1,862

 
$
1,492

Denominator
 
 
 
Basic weighted-average shares outstanding
1,026

 
1,051

Dilutive stock options and stock units
6

 
6

Diluted weighted-average shares outstanding 1
1,032

 
1,057

Earnings per Share
 
 
 
Basic
$
1.81

 
$
1.42

Diluted
$
1.80

 
$
1.41



1 For the periods presented, the calculation of diluted EPS excluded a minimal amount of anti-dilutive share-based payment awards.
Note 5. Cash, Cash Equivalents, Restricted Cash and Restricted Cash Equivalents
The following table provides a reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents reported on the consolidated balance sheet that total to the amounts shown on the consolidated statement of cash flows.
 
December 31,
 
2018
 
2017
 
(in millions)
Cash and cash equivalents
$
6,682

 
$
5,933

Restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents
 
 
 
Restricted cash for litigation settlement
553

 
546

Restricted security deposits held for customers
1,080

 
1,085

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
22

 
28

Cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents -
     beginning of period
$
8,337

 
$
7,592

 
 
 
 
 
March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
 
(in millions)
Cash and cash equivalents
$
5,857

 
$
6,890

Restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents
 
 
 
Restricted cash for litigation settlement
662

 
548

Restricted security deposits held for customers
1,044

 
965

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
22

 
21

Cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents -
     end of period
$
7,585

 
$
8,424




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Table of Contents
MASTERCARD INCORPORATED
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED) – (Continued)


Note 6. Fair Value and Investment Securities
Financial Instruments – Recurring Measurements
The Company classifies its fair value measurements of financial instruments into a three level hierarchy (the “Valuation Hierarchy”). There were no transfers made among the three levels in the Valuation Hierarchy during the three months ended March 31, 2019.
The distribution of the Company’s financial instruments measured at fair value on a recurring basis within the Valuation Hierarchy were as follows:
 
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
 
Quoted Prices
in Active
Markets
(Level 1)
 
Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
 
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
 
Total
 
Quoted Prices
in Active
Markets
(Level 1)
 
Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
 
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
 
Total
 
(in millions)
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Investment securities available for sale 1:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Municipal securities
$

 
$
8

 
$

 
$
8

 
$

 
$
15

 
$

 
$
15

Government and agency securities
48

 
88

 

 
136

 
65

 
92

 

 
157

Corporate securities

 
838

 

 
838

 

 
1,043

 

 
1,043

Asset-backed securities

 
130

 

 
130

 

 
217

 

 
217

Derivative instruments 2:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency derivative assets

 
24

 

 
24

 

 
35

 

 
35

Deferred compensation plan 3:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Deferred compensation assets
55

 

 

 
55

 
54

 

 

 
54

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Derivative instruments 2:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency derivative liabilities
$

 
$
(9
)
 
$

 
$
(9
)
 
$

 
$
(6
)
 
$

 
$
(6
)
Deferred compensation plan 4:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Deferred compensation liabilities
(64
)
 

 

 
(64
)
 
(54
)
 

 

 
(54
)

1 The Company’s U.S. government securities are classified within Level 1 of the Valuation Hierarchy as the fair values are based on unadjusted quoted prices for identical assets in active markets. The fair value of the Company’s available-for-sale municipal securities, government and agency securities, corporate securities and asset-backed securities are based on observable inputs such as quoted prices, benchmark yields and issuer spreads for similar assets in active markets and are therefore included in Level 2 of the Valuation Hierarchy.
2 The Company’s foreign currency derivative asset and liability contracts have been classified within Level 2 of the Valuation Hierarchy as the fair value is based on observable inputs such as broker quotes relating to foreign currency exchange rates for similar derivative instruments. See Note 16 (Foreign Exchange Risk Management) for further details.
3 The Company has a nonqualified deferred compensation plan where assets are invested primarily in mutual funds held in a rabbi trust, which is restricted for payments to participants of the plan. The Company has elected to use the fair value option for these mutual funds, which are measured using quoted prices of identical instruments in active markets and are included in prepaid expenses and other current assets on the consolidated balance sheet.
4 The deferred compensation liabilities are measured at fair value based on the quoted prices of identical instruments to the investment vehicles selected by the participants. These are included in other liabilities on the consolidated balance sheet.
Marketable Equity Investments
In April 2019, the Company invested approximately $340 million in certain marketable equity investments. These investments will be measured at fair value with unrealized gains or losses recognized on the consolidated statement of operations.


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Table of Contents
MASTERCARD INCORPORATED
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED) – (Continued)


Settlement and Other Guarantee Liabilities
The Company estimates the fair value of its settlement and other guarantees using market assumptions for relevant though not directly comparable undertakings, as the latter are not observable in the market given the proprietary nature of such guarantees. At March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, the carrying value and fair value of settlement and other guarantee liabilities were not material and accordingly are not included in the Valuation Hierarchy table above. Settlement and other guarantee liabilities are classified within Level 3 of the Valuation Hierarchy as their valuation requires substantial judgment and estimation of factors that are not observable in the market. See Note 15 (Settlement and Other Risk Management) for additional information regarding the Company’s settlement and other guarantee liabilities.
Financial Instruments - Non-Recurring Measurements
Held-to-Maturity Securities
Investments on the consolidated balance sheet include both available-for-sale and short-term held-to-maturity securities. Held-to-maturity securities are not measured at fair value on a recurring basis and are not included in the Valuation Hierarchy table above. At March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, the Company held $205 million and $264 million, respectively, of held-to-maturity securities due within one year. The cost of these securities approximates fair value.
Nonmarketable Equity Investments
The Company’s nonmarketable equity investments are measured at fair value at initial recognition. In addition, nonmarketable equity investments which are not accounted for under the equity method of accounting are adjusted for changes resulting from identifiable price changes in orderly transactions for the identical or similar investments of the same issuer. Nonmarketable equity investments are classified within Level 3 of the Valuation Hierarchy due to the absence of quoted market prices, the inherent lack of liquidity, and unobservable inputs used to measure fair value that require management’s judgment. The Company uses discounted cash flows and market assumptions to estimate the fair value of its nonmarketable equity investments when certain events or circumstances indicate that impairment may exist. These investments are included in other assets on the consolidated balance sheet. See Note 7 (Prepaid Expenses and Other Assets) for further details.
Debt
The Company estimates the fair value of its long-term debt based on market quotes. These debt instruments are not traded in active markets and are classified as Level 2 of the Valuation Hierarchy. At March 31, 2019, the carrying value and fair value of total long-term debt outstanding (including the current portion) was $6.3 billion and $6.6 billion, respectively. At December 31, 2018, the carrying value and fair value of total long-term debt outstanding (including the current portion) was $6.3 billion and $6.5 billion, respectively. In April 2019, $500 million of principal related to the 2014 USD Notes, which was classified in current liabilities as of March 31, 2019, matured and was paid.
Other Financial Instruments
Certain financial instruments are carried on the consolidated balance sheet at cost, which approximates fair value due to their short-term, highly liquid nature. These instruments include cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, accounts receivable, settlement due from customers, restricted security deposits held for customers, accounts payable, settlement due to customers and other accrued liabilities.


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MASTERCARD INCORPORATED
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED) – (Continued)


Contingent Consideration
The contingent consideration attributable to acquisitions made in 2017 is primarily based on the achievement of 2018 revenue targets and is measured at fair value on a recurring basis. This contingent consideration liability is included in other current liabilities on the consolidated balance sheet and is classified within Level 3 of the Valuation Hierarchy due to the absence of quoted market prices and unobservable inputs used to measure fair value that require management’s judgment. The activity of the Company’s contingent consideration liability for the three months ended March 31, 2019 was as follows:
 
(in millions)
Balance at December 31, 2018
$
219

Net change in valuation

Payments
(5
)
Foreign currency translation
7

Balance at March 31, 2019
$
221


Amortized Costs and Fair Values – Available-for-Sale Investment Securities
The major classes of the Company’s available-for-sale investment securities, for which unrealized gains and losses are recorded as a separate component of other comprehensive income (loss) on the consolidated statement of comprehensive income, and their respective amortized cost basis and fair values as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018 were as follows:
 
 
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
 
Amortized
Cost
 
Gross
Unrealized
Gain
 
Gross
Unrealized
Loss
 
Fair
Value
 
Amortized
Cost
 
Gross
Unrealized
Gain
 
Gross
Unrealized
Loss
 
Fair
Value
 
(in millions)
Municipal securities
$
8

 
$

 
$

 
$
8

 
$
15

 
$

 
$

 
$
15

Government and agency securities
136

 

 

 
136

 
157

 

 

 
157

Corporate securities
835

 
3

 

 
838

 
1,044

 
1

 
(2
)
 
1,043

Asset-backed securities
130

 

 

 
130

 
217

 

 

 
217

Total
$
1,109

 
$
3

 
$

 
$
1,112

 
$
1,433

 
$
1

 
$
(2
)
 
$
1,432


The Company’s available-for-sale investment securities held at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018 primarily carried a credit rating of A- or better. The municipal securities are primarily comprised of state tax-exempt bonds and are diversified across states and sectors. Government and agency securities include U.S. government bonds, U.S. government sponsored agency bonds and foreign government bonds with similar credit quality to that of the U.S. government bonds. Corporate securities are comprised of commercial paper and corporate bonds. The asset-backed securities are investments in bonds which are collateralized primarily by automobile loan receivables.
Investment Maturities
The maturity distribution based on the contractual terms of the Company’s investment securities at March 31, 2019 was as follows:
 
Available-For-Sale
 
Amortized
Cost
 
Fair Value
 
(in millions)
Due within 1 year
$
238

 
$
238

Due after 1 year through 5 years
870

 
873

Due after 5 years through 10 years
1

 
1

Total
$
1,109

 
$
1,112




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MASTERCARD INCORPORATED
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED) – (Continued)


Investment Income
Investment income primarily consists of interest income generated from cash, cash equivalents and investments. Gross realized gains and losses are recorded within investment income on the consolidated statement of operations. The gross realized gains and losses from the sales of available-for-sale securities for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 were not significant.
Note 7. Prepaid Expenses and Other Assets
Prepaid expenses and other current assets consisted of the following:
 
March 31,
2019
 
December 31,
2018
 
(in millions)
Customer and merchant incentives
$
808

 
$
778

Other
705

 
654

Total prepaid expenses and other current assets
$
1,513

 
$
1,432


Other assets consisted of the following:
 
March 31,
2019
 
December 31,
2018
 
(in millions)
Customer and merchant incentives
$
2,492

 
$
2,458

Nonmarketable equity investments
348

 
337

Income taxes receivable
284

 
298

Other
222

 
210

Total other assets
$
3,346

 
$
3,303


Customer and merchant incentives represent payments made to customers and merchants under business agreements. Costs directly related to entering into such an agreement are generally deferred and amortized over the life of the agreement.


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MASTERCARD INCORPORATED
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED) – (Continued)


Note 8. Property, Equipment and Right-of-Use Assets
Property, equipment and right-of-use assets consisted of the following:
 
March 31,
2019
 
December 31,
2018
 
(in millions)
Building, building equipment and land
$
484

 
$
481

Equipment
1,025

 
987

Furniture and fixtures
87

 
85

Leasehold improvements
223

 
215

Operating lease right-of-use assets
391

 

Property, equipment and right-of-use assets
2,210

 
1,768

Less accumulated depreciation and amortization
(905
)
 
(847
)
Property, equipment and right-of-use assets, net
$
1,305

 
$
921


The increase in property, equipment and right-of-use assets at March 31, 2019 from December 31, 2018 was primarily due to the impact from the adoption of the new accounting standard pertaining to lease arrangements. See Note 1 (Summary of Significant Accounting Policies) for additional information on the impact of the adoption of this standard.
The Company determines if a contract is, or contains, a lease at contract inception. The Company’s right-of-use (“ROU”) assets are primarily related to operating leases for office space, automobiles and other equipment. Leases are included in property, equipment and right-of-use assets, other current liabilities and other liabilities on the consolidated balance sheet.
ROU assets represent the right to use an underlying asset for the lease term and lease liabilities represent the obligation to make lease payments arising from the lease. ROU assets and lease liabilities are recognized at the commencement date based on the present value of lease payments over the lease term. In addition, ROU assets include initial direct costs incurred by the lessee as well as any lease payments made at or before the commencement date, and exclude lease incentives. As most of the Company's leases do not provide an implicit rate, the Company uses its incremental borrowing rate based on the information available at the commencement date in determining the present value of lease payments. Lease terms include options to extend or terminate the lease when it is reasonably certain that the Company will exercise that option. Leases with a term of one year or less are generally included in ROU assets and liabilities.
The Company excludes variable lease payments in measuring ROU assets and lease liabilities, other than those that depend on an index, a rate or are in substance fixed payments. Lease and nonlease components are generally accounted for separately. When available, consideration is allocated to the separate lease and nonlease components in a lease contract on a relative standalone price basis using observable standalone prices.
Operating lease ROU assets and operating lease liabilities are recorded on the consolidated balance sheet as follows:
 
March 31,
2019
 
(in millions)
Balance sheet location
 
Property, equipment and right-of-use assets, net
$
369

Other current liabilities
79

Other liabilities
327


Operating lease amortization expense for the three months ended March 31, 2019 was $22 million and recorded within general and administrative expenses on the consolidated statement of operations. As of March 31, 2019, weighted-average remaining lease term of operating leases was 6.5 years and weighted-average discount rate for operating leases was 3.2%.


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MASTERCARD INCORPORATED
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED) – (Continued)


The following table summarizes m