10-Q 1 mcd-20220331.htm 10-Q mcd-20220331
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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, DC 20549
FORM 10-Q
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2022
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from             to            
Commission File Number 1-5231
McDONALD’S CORPORATION
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)
Delaware 36-2361282
(State or Other Jurisdiction of
Incorporation or Organization)
 (I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
110 North Carpenter Street 60607
Chicago,Illinois
(Address of Principal Executive Offices) (Zip Code)
(630) 623-3000
(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.01 par valueMCDNew York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes    No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).  Yes    No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large Accelerated Filer
Accelerated Filer
Non-accelerated Filer
Smaller Reporting Company
Emerging Growth Company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes    No  
739,546,930
(Number of shares of common stock
outstanding as of March 31, 2022)



McDONALD’S CORPORATION
___________________________
INDEX
_______
 
 
 Page Reference
Item 1A – Risk Factors
Item 6 – Exhibits
All trademarks used herein are the property of their respective owners and are used with permission.
2

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET
(unaudited)
In millions, except per share dataMarch 31,
2022
December 31,
2021
Assets
Current assets
Cash and equivalents$2,335.7 $4,709.2 
Accounts and notes receivable1,674.1 1,872.4 
Inventories, at cost, not in excess of market49.6 55.6 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets597.0 511.3 
Total current assets4,656.4 7,148.5 
Other assets
Investments in and advances to affiliates1,177.2 1,201.2 
Goodwill2,813.9 2,782.5 
Miscellaneous4,416.9 4,449.5 
Total other assets8,408.0 8,433.2 
Lease right-of-use asset, net13,378.6 13,552.0 
Property and equipment
Property and equipment, at cost41,773.1 41,916.6 
Accumulated depreciation and amortization(17,338.4)(17,196.0)
Net property and equipment24,434.7 24,720.6 
Total assets$50,877.7 $53,854.3 
Liabilities and shareholders’ equity
Current liabilities
Accounts payable$718.6 $1,006.8 
Lease liability 691.9 705.5 
Income taxes593.5 360.7 
Other taxes270.7 236.7 
Accrued interest322.4 363.3 
Accrued payroll and other liabilities1,637.5 1,347.0 
Total current liabilities4,234.6 4,020.0 
Long-term debt33,988.8 35,622.7 
Long-term lease liability12,871.8 13,020.9 
Long-term income taxes1,889.8 1,896.8 
Deferred revenues - initial franchise fees743.0 738.3 
Other long-term liabilities1,092.0 1,081.0 
Deferred income taxes2,048.5 2,075.6 
Shareholders’ equity (deficit)
Preferred stock, no par value; authorized – 165.0 million shares; issued – none  
Common stock, $.01 par value; authorized – 3.5 billion shares; issued – 1,660.6 million shares16.6 16.6 
Additional paid-in capital8,307.1 8,231.6 
Retained earnings57,614.0 57,534.7 
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)(2,641.9)(2,573.7)
Common stock in treasury, at cost; 921.1 and 915.8 million shares(69,286.6)(67,810.2)
Total shareholders’ equity (deficit)(5,990.8)(4,601.0)
Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity (deficit)$50,877.7 $53,854.3 
See Notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
3

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF INCOME (UNAUDITED)
Quarters Ended
 March 31,
In millions, except per share data20222021
Revenues
Sales by Company-operated restaurants$2,302.4 $2,161.5 
Revenues from franchised restaurants3,262.8 2,877.4 
Other revenues100.4 85.7 
Total revenues5,665.6 5,124.6 
Operating costs and expenses
Company-operated restaurant expenses1,959.2 1,817.6 
Franchised restaurants-occupancy expenses584.0 571.5 
Other restaurant expenses72.3 67.2 
Selling, general & administrative expenses
Depreciation and amortization92.7 76.0 
Other584.3 490.4 
Other operating (income) expense, net60.5 (179.4)
Total operating costs and expenses3,353.0 2,843.3 
Operating income2,312.6 2,281.3 
Interest expense287.3 300.0 
Nonoperating (income) expense, net484.1 28.6 
Income before provision for income taxes1,541.2 1,952.7 
Provision for income taxes436.8 415.5 
Net income$1,104.4 $1,537.2 
Earnings per common share-basic$1.49 $2.06 
Earnings per common share-diluted$1.48 $2.05 
Dividends declared per common share$1.38 $1.29 
Weighted-average shares outstanding-basic742.6 745.8 
Weighted-average shares outstanding-diluted747.6 751.0 
See Notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
4

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (UNAUDITED)
Quarters Ended
March 31,
In millions20222021
Net income$1,104.4 $1,537.2 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
Foreign currency translation adjustments:
Gain (loss) recognized in accumulated other comprehensive
income ("AOCI"), including net investment hedges
(84.2)(87.7)
Reclassification of (gain) loss to net income 10.7 
Foreign currency translation adjustments-net of tax
benefit (expense) of (59.0) and (90.3)
(84.2)(77.0)
Cash flow hedges:
Gain (loss) recognized in AOCI27.4 23.1 
Reclassification of (gain) loss to net income(10.1)15.0 
Cash flow hedges-net of tax benefit (expense) of (5.0) and (11.2)
17.3 38.1 
Defined benefit pension plans:
Gain (loss) recognized in AOCI0.1 0.7 
Reclassification of (gain) loss to net income(1.4)(10.9)
Defined benefit pension plans-net of tax benefit (expense)
of 0.0 and 0.0
(1.3)(10.2)
Total other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax(68.2)(49.1)
Comprehensive income$1,036.2 $1,488.1 
See Notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
5

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED)
Quarters Ended
 March 31,
In millions20222021
Operating activities
Net income$1,104.4 $1,537.2 
Adjustments to reconcile to cash provided by operations
Charges and credits:
Depreciation and amortization479.7 453.9 
Deferred income taxes(50.5)(1.5)
Share-based compensation54.3 27.3 
Other72.0 (130.0)
Changes in working capital items473.4 237.1 
Cash provided by operations2,133.3 2,124.0 
Investing activities
Capital expenditures(401.2)(368.7)
Purchases of restaurant businesses(86.7)(38.7)
Sales of restaurant businesses16.5 29.6 
Sales of property4.9 32.8 
Other(88.0)100.4 
Cash used for investing activities(554.5)(244.6)
Financing activities
Net short-term borrowings6.0 6.5 
Long-term financing issuances  
Long-term financing repayments(1,350.6)(1,337.8)
Treasury stock purchases(1,506.5)(21.5)
Common stock dividends(1,025.1)(962.3)
Proceeds from stock option exercises58.7 59.1 
Other(12.6)(7.9)
Cash used for financing activities(3,830.1)(2,263.9)
Effect of exchange rates on cash and cash equivalents(122.2)(44.9)
Cash and equivalents decrease(2,373.5)(429.4)
Cash and equivalents at beginning of period4,709.2 3,449.1 
Cash and equivalents at end of period$2,335.7 $3,019.7 
See Notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
6

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY (UNAUDITED)
For the quarter ended March 31, 2021
 Common stock
issued
 Accumulated other
comprehensive income (loss)
Common stock in
treasury
Total
shareholders’
equity (deficit)
Additional
paid-in
capital
Retained
earnings
PensionsCash flow
hedges
Foreign
currency
translation
In millions, except per share dataSharesAmountSharesAmount
Balance at December 31, 20201,660.6 $16.6 $7,903.6 $53,908.1 $(287.6)$(111.3)$(2,187.9)(915.2)$(67,066.4)$(7,824.9)
Net income1,537.2 1,537.2 
Other comprehensive income (loss),
    net of tax
(10.2)38.1 (77.0)(49.1)
Comprehensive income1,488.1 
Common stock cash dividends
    ($1.29 per share)
(962.3)(962.3)
Treasury stock purchases(0.1)(21.5)(21.5)
Share-based compensation27.3 27.3 
Stock option exercises and other28.2 0.8 29.6 57.8 
Balance at March 31, 20211,660.6 $16.6 $7,959.1 $54,483.0 $(297.8)$(73.2)$(2,264.9)(914.5)$(67,058.3)$(7,235.5)

For the quarter ended March 31, 2022
 Common stock
issued
 Accumulated other
comprehensive income (loss)
Common stock in
treasury
Total
shareholders’
equity (deficit)
Additional
paid-in
capital
Retained
earnings
PensionsCash flow
hedges
Foreign
currency
translation
In millions, except per share dataSharesAmountSharesAmount
Balance at December 31, 20211,660.6 $16.6 $8,231.6 $57,534.7 $(179.5)$(24.8)$(2,369.4)(915.8)$(67,810.2)$(4,601.0)
Net income1,104.4 1,104.4 
Other comprehensive income (loss),
    net of tax
(1.3)17.3 (84.2)(68.2)
Comprehensive income1,036.2 
Common stock cash dividends
    ($1.38 per share)
(1,025.1)(1,025.1)
Treasury stock purchases(6.1)(1,506.5)(1,506.5)
Share-based compensation54.3 54.3 
Stock option exercises and other21.2 0.8 30.1 51.3 
Balance at March 31, 20221,660.6 $16.6 $8,307.1 $57,614.0 $(180.8)$(7.5)$(2,453.6)(921.1)$(69,286.6)$(5,990.8)

See Notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.




7

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

McDonald’s Corporation, the registrant, together with its subsidiaries, is referred to herein as the "Company." The Company, its franchisees and suppliers, are referred to herein as the "System."
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements contained in the Company’s December 31, 2021 Annual Report on Form 10-K. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) necessary for a fair presentation have been included. The results for the quarter ended March 31, 2022 do not necessarily indicate the results that may be expected for the full year.
During the first quarter of 2022, McDonald's announced it was temporarily suspending operations and closing restaurants in Russia and Ukraine. The temporary closures were effective at the end of February in Ukraine and mid-March in Russia. The Company is supporting its businesses in these markets through the continuation of employee salaries and lease payments as well as providing support to the Company's supply chain in the region.

Restaurant Information
The following table presents restaurant information by ownership type:
Restaurants at March 31,20222021
Conventional franchised21,558 21,496 
Developmental licensed7,981 7,705 
Foreign affiliated8,013 7,283 
Total Franchised37,552 36,484 
Company-operated2,792 2,676 
Total Systemwide restaurants40,344 39,160 
Company-operated restaurants include 827 restaurants in Russia and Ukraine that were temporarily closed during the first quarter 2022 due to the ongoing military conflict in the region.
The results of operations of restaurant businesses purchased and sold in transactions with franchisees were not material either individually or in the aggregate to the condensed consolidated financial statements for the periods prior to purchase and sale.

Per Common Share Information
Diluted earnings per common share is calculated using net income divided by diluted weighted-average shares. Diluted weighted-average shares include weighted-average shares outstanding plus the dilutive effect of share-based compensation, calculated using the treasury stock method, of 5.0 million shares and 5.2 million shares for the quarters 2022 and 2021, respectively. Share-based compensation awards that would have been antidilutive, and therefore were not included in the calculation of diluted weighted-average shares, totaled 1.7 million shares and 3.6 million shares for the quarters 2022 and 2021, respectively.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
Leases
In July 2021, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (the "FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") No. 2021-05, "Leases (Topic 842): Lessors—Certain Leases with Variable Lease Payments" ("ASU 2021-05"). The pronouncement amends the current guidance on classification for a lease that includes variable lease payments that do not depend on an index or rate. Under the amended guidance, a lessor must classify as an operating lease any lease that would otherwise be classified as a sales-type or direct financing lease and that would result in the recognition of a selling loss at lease commencement. ASU 2021-05 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021, including applicable interim periods. The Company adopted the new standard effective January 1, 2022. The adoption of this standard did not have a material effect on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.





8

Recent Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted

Reference Rate Reform
In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU No. 2020-04, “Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848): Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting" (“ASU 2020-04”). The pronouncement provides temporary optional expedients and exceptions to the current guidance on contract modifications and hedge accounting to ease the financial reporting burdens related to the expected market transition from the London Interbank Offered Rate and other interbank offered rates to alternative reference rates. The guidance was effective upon issuance and may be applied prospectively to contract modifications made and hedging relationships entered into or evaluated on or before December 31, 2022. The adoption of ASU 2020-04 will not have a material impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements.

Updates to Significant Accounting Policies
Long-lived Assets and Goodwill
Long-lived assets and Goodwill are typically reviewed for impairment annually in the fourth quarter and whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable or if an indicator of impairment exists. The recent military conflict between Russia and Ukraine has created significant uncertainty and risk in these McDonald’s markets. As such, the Company conducted an analysis after temporarily suspending operations in Russia and Ukraine during the first quarter of 2022. The Company continues to monitor the economic uncertainty, while assessing the financial impact and outlook for restaurant operations in these markets. As a result of the Company's analysis, and in consideration of the totality of events and circumstances, there was no impairment recorded during the first quarter of 2022.
As of March 31, 2022, the Company’s net investment in Russia and Ukraine was approximately $600 million, primarily consisting of building and equipment assets. In addition, there was approximately $725 million of cumulative foreign currency translation losses reflected in the AOCI section of the condensed consolidated statement of shareholder’s equity at March 31, 2022.

Income Taxes
The effective income tax rate was 28.3% and 21.3% for the quarters ended 2022 and 2021, respectively. The tax rate for the quarter ended 2022 was impacted by the non-deductibility for tax purposes of the $500 million of nonoperating expense to reserve for a potential settlement related to an international tax matter. Excluding the impacts of the $500 million of nonoperating expense and current and prior year strategic gains and charges, the effective income tax rate was 21.3% and 20.9% for the quarters ended 2022 and 2021, respectively.

Fair Value Measurements
The Company measures certain financial assets and liabilities at fair value. Fair value disclosures are reflected in a three-level hierarchy, maximizing the use of observable inputs and minimizing the use of unobservable inputs. The Company did not have any significant changes to the valuation techniques used to measure fair value as described in the Company's December 31, 2021 Annual Report on Form 10-K.
At March 31, 2022, the fair value of the Company’s debt obligations was estimated at $35.4 billion, compared to a carrying amount of $34.0 billion. The fair value of debt obligations is based upon quoted market prices, Level 2 within the valuation hierarchy. The carrying amount of cash and equivalents and notes receivable approximate fair value.
9

Financial Instruments and Hedging Activities
The Company is exposed to global market risks, including the effect of changes in interest rates and foreign currency fluctuations. The Company uses foreign currency denominated debt and derivative instruments to mitigate the impact of these changes. The Company does not hold or issue derivatives for trading purposes.
The following table presents the fair values of derivative instruments included on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet:
  Derivative AssetsDerivative Liabilities
In millionsBalance Sheet ClassificationMarch 31, 2022December 31, 2021Balance Sheet ClassificationMarch 31, 2022December 31, 2021
Derivatives designated as hedging instruments
Foreign currencyPrepaid expenses and other current assets$39.8 $42.4 Accrued payroll and other liabilities$(6.2)$(3.3)
Interest ratePrepaid expenses and other current assets21.8 0.3 Accrued payroll and other liabilities  
Foreign currencyMiscellaneous other assets32.6 28.0 Other long-term liabilities(1.6)(0.5)
Interest rateMiscellaneous other assets
 8.6 Other long-term liabilities(41.3)(4.1)
Total derivatives designated as hedging instruments$94.2 $79.3  $(49.1)$(7.9)
Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments
EquityPrepaid expenses and other current assets

$3.2 $9.5 Accrued payroll and other liabilities$ $ 
Foreign currencyPrepaid expenses and other current assets

 0.5 Accrued payroll and other liabilities(4.0) 
EquityMiscellaneous other assets185.1 200.3   
Total derivatives not designated as hedging instruments$188.3 $210.3  $(4.0)$ 
Total derivatives$282.5 $289.6  $(53.1)$(7.9)
    The following table presents the pre-tax amounts from derivative instruments affecting income and AOCI for the quarters ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively:
Location of gain or loss
recognized in income on
derivative
Gain (loss)
recognized in AOCI
Gain (loss)
reclassified into income from AOCI
Gain (loss) recognized in
income on derivative
In millions202220212022202120222021
Foreign currencyNonoperating income/expense$13.5 $29.9 $14.1 $(17.8)
Interest rateInterest expense21.8  (1.1)(1.6)
Cash flow hedges$35.3 $29.9 $13.0 $(19.4)
Foreign currency denominated debtNonoperating income/expense$259.0 $379.7 $ $16.2 
Foreign currency derivativesNonoperating income/expense4.4 26.6 
Foreign currency derivatives(1)
Interest expense$2.3 $3.7 
Net investment hedges$263.4 $406.3 $ $16.2 $2.3 $3.7 
Foreign currencyNonoperating income/expense$(4.5)$2.3 
EquitySelling, general & administrative expenses(21.5)20.4 
EquityOther operating income/expense, net
 (4.7)
Undesignated derivatives$(26.0)$18.0 
(1)The amount of gain (loss) recognized in income related to components excluded from effectiveness testing.




10

Fair Value Hedges
The Company enters into fair value hedges to reduce the exposure to changes in fair values of certain liabilities. The Company enters into fair value hedges that convert a portion of its fixed rate debt into floating rate debt by use of interest rate swaps. At March 31, 2022, the carrying amount of fixed-rate debt that was effectively converted was an equivalent notional amount of $1.0 billion, which included a decrease of $41.3 million of cumulative hedging adjustments. For the quarter ended March 31, 2022, the Company recognized a $46.1 million loss on the fair value of interest rate swaps, and a corresponding gain on the fair value of the related hedged debt instrument to interest expense.
Cash Flow Hedges
The Company enters into cash flow hedges to reduce the exposure to variability in certain expected future cash flows. To protect against the reduction in value of forecasted foreign currency cash flows (such as royalties denominated in foreign currencies), the Company uses foreign currency forwards to hedge a portion of anticipated exposures. The hedges cover up to the next 18 months for certain exposures and are denominated in various currencies. As of March 31, 2022, the Company had foreign currency derivatives outstanding with an equivalent notional amount of $1.4 billion that hedged a portion of forecasted foreign currency denominated cash flows.
To protect against the variability of interest rates on anticipated bond issuances, the Company may use treasury locks to hedge a portion of expected future cash flows. As of March 31, 2022, the Company had derivatives outstanding with a notional amount of $500 million that hedge a portion of forecasted cash flows.
Based on market conditions at March 31, 2022, the $7.5 million in cumulative cash flow hedging losses, after tax, is not expected to have a significant effect on earnings over the next 12 months.
Net Investment Hedges
The Company uses foreign currency denominated debt (third-party and intercompany) as well as foreign currency derivatives to hedge its investments in certain foreign subsidiaries and affiliates. Realized and unrealized translation adjustments from these hedges are included in shareholders' equity in the foreign currency translation component of Other comprehensive income ("OCI") and offset translation adjustments on the underlying net assets of foreign subsidiaries and affiliates, which also are recorded in OCI. As of March 31, 2022, $12.2 billion of the Company's third-party foreign currency denominated debt, $1.5 billion of the Company's intercompany foreign currency denominated debt, and $267.4 million of foreign currency derivatives were designated to hedge investments in certain foreign subsidiaries and affiliates.
Undesignated Derivatives
The Company enters into certain derivatives that are not designated for hedge accounting. Therefore, the changes in the fair value of these derivatives are recognized immediately in earnings together with the gain or loss from the hedged balance sheet position. As an example, the Company enters into equity derivative contracts, including total return swaps, to hedge market-driven changes in certain of its supplemental benefit plan liabilities. Changes in the fair value of these derivatives are recorded in Selling, general & administrative expenses together with the changes in the supplemental benefit plan liabilities. In addition, the Company uses foreign currency forwards to mitigate the change in fair value of certain foreign currency denominated assets and liabilities. The changes in the fair value of these derivatives are recognized in Nonoperating (income) expense, net, along with the currency gain or loss from the hedged balance sheet position.
Credit Risk
The Company is exposed to credit-related losses in the event of non-performance by its derivative counterparties. The Company did not have significant exposure to any individual counterparty at March 31, 2022 and has master agreements that contain netting arrangements. For financial reporting purposes, the Company presents gross derivative balances in the financial statements and supplementary data, including for counterparties subject to netting arrangements. Some of these agreements also require each party to post collateral if credit ratings fall below, or aggregate exposures exceed, certain contractual limits. At March 31, 2022, the Company was required to post an immaterial amount of collateral due to the negative fair value of certain derivative positions. The Company's counterparties were not required to post collateral on any derivative position, other than on certain hedges of the Company’s supplemental benefit plan liabilities where the counterparties were required to post collateral on their liability positions.
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Franchise Arrangements
Revenues from franchised restaurants consisted of:
Quarters Ended
March 31,
In millions20222021
Rents$2,081.1 $1,826.1 
Royalties1,168.7 1,038.7 
Initial fees13.0 12.6 
Revenues from franchised restaurants$3,262.8 $2,877.4 


Segment Information
The Company operates under an organizational structure with the following global business segments reflecting how management reviews and evaluates operating performance:
U.S. - the Company's largest market. The segment is 95% franchised as of March 31, 2022.
International Operated Markets - comprised of markets or countries in which the Company operates and franchises restaurants, including Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Russia, Spain and the U.K. The segment is 83% franchised as of March 31, 2022. As of March 31, 2022, all Company-owned restaurants in Russia and Ukraine were temporarily closed due to the ongoing military conflict in the region.
International Developmental Licensed Markets & Corporate - comprised primarily of developmental licensee and affiliate markets in the McDonald’s System. Corporate activities are also reported in this segment. The segment is 98% franchised as of March 31, 2022.

The following table presents the Company’s revenues and operating income by segment:
Quarters Ended
  
March 31,
In millions20222021
Revenues
U.S.$2,175.6 $2,075.5 
International Operated Markets2,922.1 2,556.2 
International Developmental Licensed Markets & Corporate567.9 492.9 
Total revenues$5,665.6 $5,124.6 
Operating Income
U.S.$1,151.0 $1,125.5 
International Operated Markets1,129.2 953.8 
International Developmental Licensed Markets & Corporate32.4 202.0 
Total operating income$2,312.6 $2,281.3 

Subsequent Events
The Company evaluated subsequent events through the date the financial statements were issued and filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission.
On April 1, 2022, the Company completed the sale of Dynamic Yield, a technology company acquired in 2019, which specializes in personalization and decision logic technology. Dynamic Yield’s technology has been deployed to McDonald’s drive thrus and ordering kiosks in several markets globally. The Company expects to record a pre-tax gain on the sale of approximately $260 million and cash proceeds of approximately $320 million (subject to final working capital adjustments) in the second quarter of 2022.
There were no other subsequent events that required recognition or disclosure.
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Item  2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Overview
The Company franchises and operates McDonald’s restaurants, which serve a locally relevant menu of quality food and beverages in communities across 119 countries. Of the 40,344 McDonald's restaurants at March 31, 2022, 37,552, or 93%, were franchised.
The Company’s reporting segments are aligned with its strategic priorities and reflect how management reviews and evaluates operating performance. Significant reportable segments include the United States ("U.S.") and International Operated Markets. In addition, there is the International Developmental Licensed Markets & Corporate segment, which includes markets in over 80 countries, as well as Corporate activities.
McDonald’s franchised restaurants are owned and operated under one of the following structures - conventional franchise, developmental license or affiliate. The optimal ownership structure for an individual restaurant, trading area or market (country) is based on a variety of factors, including the availability of individuals with entrepreneurial experience and financial resources, as well as the local legal and regulatory environment in critical areas such as property ownership and franchising. The business relationship between McDonald’s and its independent franchisees is supported by adhering to standards and policies, including Global Brand Standards defined in 2021, and is of fundamental importance to overall performance and to protecting the McDonald’s brand.
The Company is primarily a franchisor and believes franchising is paramount to delivering great-tasting food, locally relevant customer experiences and driving profitability. Franchising enables an individual to be their own employer and maintain control over all employment related matters, marketing and pricing decisions, while also benefiting from the strength of McDonald’s global brand, operating system and financial resources.
Directly operating McDonald’s restaurants contributes significantly to the Company's ability to act as a credible franchisor. One of the strengths of the franchising model is that the expertise from operating Company-owned restaurants allows McDonald’s to improve the operations and success of all restaurants while innovations from franchisees can be tested and, when viable, efficiently implemented across relevant restaurants. Having Company-owned and operated restaurants provides Company personnel with a venue for restaurant operations training experience. In addition, in Company-owned and operated restaurants, and in collaboration with franchisees, the Company is able to further develop and refine operating standards, marketing concepts and product and pricing strategies that will ultimately benefit McDonald’s restaurants.
The Company’s revenues consist of sales by Company-operated restaurants and fees from restaurants operated by franchisees. Fees vary by type of site, amount of Company investment, if any, and local business conditions. These fees, along with occupancy and operating rights, are stipulated in franchise/license agreements that generally have 20-year terms. The Company’s Other revenues are comprised of technology fees paid by franchisees, revenues from brand licensing arrangements and third-party revenues for the Dynamic Yield business. As of April 1, 2022, the Company completed the sale of Dynamic Yield and will no longer record third-party revenues related to this business.

Conventional Franchise
Under a conventional franchise arrangement, the Company generally owns or secures a long-term lease on the land and building for the restaurant location and the franchisee pays for equipment, signs, seating and décor. The Company believes that ownership of real estate, combined with the co-investment by franchisees, enables us to achieve restaurant performance levels that are among the highest in the industry.
Franchisees are responsible for reinvesting capital in their businesses over time. In addition, to accelerate implementation of certain initiatives, the Company may co-invest with franchisees to fund improvements to their restaurants or operating systems. These investments, developed in collaboration with franchisees, are designed to cater to consumer preferences, improve local business performance and increase the value of the Company's brand through the development of modernized, more attractive and higher revenue generating restaurants.
The Company requires franchisees to meet rigorous standards and generally does not work with passive investors. The business relationship with franchisees is designed to facilitate consistency and high quality at all McDonald’s restaurants. Conventional franchisees contribute to the Company’s revenue, primarily through the payment of rent and royalties based upon a percent of sales, with specified minimum rent payments, along with initial fees paid upon the opening of a new restaurant or grant of a new franchise. The Company's heavily franchised business model is designed to generate stable and predictable revenue, which is largely a function of franchisee sales, and resulting cash flow streams.





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Developmental License or Affiliate
Under a developmental license or affiliate arrangement, licensees are responsible for operating and managing their businesses, providing capital (including the real estate interest) and developing and opening new restaurants. The Company generally does not invest any capital under a developmental license or affiliate arrangement, and it receives a royalty based on a percent of sales, and generally receives initial fees upon the opening of a new restaurant or grant of a new license.
While developmental license and affiliate arrangements are largely the same, affiliate arrangements are used in a limited number of foreign markets (primarily China and Japan) within the International Developmental Licensed Markets segment as well as a limited number of individual restaurants within the International Operated Markets segment, where the Company also has an equity investment and records its share of net results in equity in earnings of unconsolidated affiliates.
Impact of Russia-Ukraine Military Conflict
During the first quarter of 2022, McDonald's announced it was temporarily suspending operations and closing restaurants in Russia and Ukraine. The temporary closures were effective at the end of February in Ukraine and mid-March in Russia. The Company is supporting its businesses in these markets through the continuation of employee salaries and lease payments as well as providing support to the Company's supply chain in the region. There will likely be negative impacts on revenue and income as long as the military conflict continues. The Company is monitoring the evolving situation, analyzing options and expects to provide direction no later than the end of the second quarter.

Impact of COVID-19 Restrictions on the Business
COVID-19 resurgences continued to result in instances of government restrictions on restaurant operating hours, limited dine-in capacity and, in some cases, dining room closures, particularly in China.

Strategic Direction

In late 2020, the Company announced the Accelerating the Arches growth strategy (the “Strategy”). The Strategy, which encompasses all aspects of McDonald’s business as the leading global omni-channel restaurant brand, reflects a refreshed purpose, values and growth pillars that build on the Company’s competitive advantages.

Purpose, Mission and Values

Our values underpin our success and are at the very heart of our Strategy. The Company embraces and prioritizes its role and commitments to the communities in which it operates through our:

Purpose to feed and foster communities;
Mission to create delicious feel-good moments for everyone; and
Core Values that define who we are and how we run our business.

Growth Pillars

The following growth pillars — MCD — are rooted in the Company’s identity, build on historic strengths and articulate areas of further opportunity. Under the Strategy, the Company will:

Maximize our Marketing by investing in new, culturally relevant approaches, such as the Famous Orders platform, to effectively communicate the story of our brand, food and purpose. This also includes enhancing digital capabilities that provide a more personal connection with customers. The Company is committed to a marketing strategy that highlights value at every tier of the menu, as affordability remains a cornerstone of the McDonald’s brand.

Commit to the Core menu by tapping into customer demand for the familiar and focusing on serving delicious burgers, chicken and coffee. The Company continues to prioritize chicken and beef offerings, as we expect they represent the largest growth opportunities. The Company recognizes there is significant opportunity to expand its chicken offerings by leveraging line extensions of customer favorites, such as the Crispy Chicken Sandwich that launched in the U.S. in 2021 and the Chicken Big Mac and McSpicy limited time offerings that were featured in several markets around the world in 2021 and 2022. The Company is implementing a series of operational and formulation changes designed to improve upon the great taste of our burgers. We also continue to see a significant opportunity with coffee, and markets are leveraging the McCafé brand, experience, value and quality to drive long-term growth.

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Double Down on the 3D's: Digital, Delivery and Drive Thru by leveraging competitive strengths and building a powerful digital experience growth engine to enhance the customer experience. To unlock further growth, the Company is continuing to accelerate technology innovation so that, however customers choose to interact with McDonald’s, they can enjoy a fast, easy experience that meets their needs. In the first quarter of 2022, digital channels (the mobile app, delivery and kiosk) comprised more than 30% of Systemwide sales in our top six markets, representing more than $5 billion of Systemwide sales and a nearly 60% increase over the prior year:

Digital: The Company’s digital experience growth engine — “MyMcDonald’s” — is transforming its offerings across drive thru, takeaway, delivery, curbside pick-up and dine-in with digital enhancements. Through the digital tools, customers can access tailored offers, participate in a loyalty program, order through the mobile app and receive McDonald's food through the channel of their choice. The Company has successful loyalty programs in over 40 markets around the world, including the U.S., France, Germany, Canada and Australia. The Company expects the U.K. loyalty program to fully launch later this year, completing the roll-out of loyalty programs across its top six markets.

Delivery: The Company has continued to expand the number of restaurants offering delivery to over 33,000, representing over 80% of McDonald's restaurants. Delivery sales have grown significantly over the past few years, and the Company is continuing to build on this progress and enhance the delivery experience for customers by adding the ability to order on the McDonald’s app. This capability is now available in the U.K., and the Company plans to expand this capability to the U.S., Canada and Australia in 2022. In addition to existing long-term strategic partnerships with UberEats and DoorDash, the Company entered a long-term strategic partnership with Just Eat Takeaway.com in March 2022. These partnerships are expected to benefit the Company and its customers and franchisees by optimizing operation efficiencies and creating a seamless customer experience.

Drive Thru: The Company has drive thru locations in over 25,000 restaurants globally, including nearly 95% of the over 13,000 locations in the U.S. This channel remains a competitive advantage, and we expect that it will become even more critical to meet customers’ demand for flexibility and choice. The Company continues to build on its drive thru advantage, as the vast majority of new restaurant openings in the U.S. and International Operated Markets segments will include a drive thru.

Foundational to the Accelerating the Arches Strategy is keeping the customer and restaurant crew at the center of everything we do, along with a relentless focus on running great restaurants. The Company believes this Strategy builds on our inherent strengths by harnessing our competitive advantages while leveraging our size, scale and agility to adapt and adjust to uncertain operating environments and meet consumer demands. The Company believes the employee experience is critical to its success and, in 2022, implemented Global Brand Standards which are designed to create a culture of safety for both employees and customers in McDonald’s restaurants around the world. These efforts, coupled with investment in innovation, are designed to enhance the customer experience and deliver long-term profitable growth, which is aligned with the Company’s capital allocation philosophy of investing in new restaurants and opportunities to grow the business, reinvesting in existing restaurants, and returning all free cash flow to shareholders over time through dividends and share repurchases.

First Quarter 2022 Financial Performance
Global comparable sales increased 11.8% for the quarter.
U.S. comparable sales increased 3.5%. Comparable sales growth was driven by strategic menu price increases, strong marketing promotions featuring the core menu and growth in digital channels, which continued to benefit from the prior year launch of the Company's loyalty program — "MyMcDonald’s Rewards."
International Operated Markets segment comparable sales increased 20.4%. Strong operating performance and the continued reduction of COVID-related government restrictions in most markets drove positive comparable sales across the segment, led by strong comparable sales in France and the U.K.
International Developmental Licensed Markets segment comparable sales increased 14.7%. The quarter reflected strong comparable sales driven by Japan and Brazil, partly offset by negative comparable sales in China due to continued COVID-19 resurgences and related government restrictions.

In addition to the comparable sales results, the Company had the following financial results for the quarter:
Consolidated revenues increased 11% (14% in constant currencies).
Systemwide sales increased 10% (14% in constant currencies).
Consolidated operating income increased 1% (3% in constant currencies). The Company temporarily suspended operations during the quarter in Russia and Ukraine as a result of the military conflict in the region. Results included $27 million of costs
15

related to the continuation of employee salaries, lease and supplier payments, as well as $100 million of costs for inventory in the Company's supply chain that likely will be disposed of due to restaurants being temporarily closed. Excluding these current year costs and prior year strategic gains of $135 million, primarily related to the sale of McDonald's Japan stock, consolidated operating income increased 14% (18% in constant currencies).
Diluted earnings per share was $1.48, a decrease of 28% (27% in constant currencies). Excluding the costs to support the Company's businesses in Russia and Ukraine of $0.13 per share, as well as a nonoperating expense to reserve for a potential settlement related to an international tax matter of $0.67 per share for the quarter 2022, diluted earnings per share for the quarter was $2.28, an increase of 19% (22% in constant currencies) when also excluding strategic gains of $0.13 per share for the quarter 2021.
Management reviews and analyzes business results excluding the effect of foreign currency translation, impairment and other strategic charges and gains, as well as material regulatory and other income tax impacts, and bases incentive compensation plans on these results because the Company believes this better represents underlying business trends.
16

The Following Definitions Apply to these Terms as Used Throughout this Form 10-Q:
Constant currency results exclude the effects of foreign currency translation and are calculated by translating current year results at prior year average exchange rates. Management reviews and analyzes business results excluding the effect of foreign currency translation, impairment and other strategic charges and gains, as well as material regulatory and other income tax impacts, and bases incentive compensation plans on these results because the Company believes this better represents underlying business trends.
Comparable sales are compared to the same period in the prior year and represent sales at all restaurants, whether operated by the Company or by franchisees, in operation at least thirteen months including those temporarily closed. Some of the reasons restaurants may be temporarily closed include reimaging or remodeling, rebuilding, road construction, natural disasters and acts of war, terrorism or other hostilities (including restaurants temporarily closed due to COVID-19, as well as those in Russia and Ukraine). Comparable sales exclude the impact of currency translation and the sales of any market considered hyper-inflationary (generally identified as those markets whose cumulative inflation rate over a three-year period exceeds 100%), which management believes more accurately reflects the underlying business trends. Comparable sales are driven by changes in guest counts and average check, the latter of which is affected by changes in pricing and product mix.
Systemwide sales include sales at all restaurants, whether operated by the Company or by franchisees. This includes sales from digital channels, which are comprised of the mobile app, delivery and kiosk at both Company-operated and franchised restaurants. While franchised sales are not recorded as revenues by the Company, management believes the information is important in understanding the Company's financial performance because these sales are the basis on which the Company calculates and records franchised revenues and are indicative of the financial health of the franchisee base. The Company's revenues consist of sales by Company-operated restaurants and fees from franchised restaurants operated by conventional franchisees, developmental licensees and affiliates. Changes in Systemwide sales are primarily driven by comparable sales and net restaurant unit expansion.
Free cash flow, defined as cash provided by operations less capital expenditures, and free cash flow conversion rate, defined as free cash flow divided by net income, are measures reviewed by management in order to evaluate the Company’s ability to convert net profits into cash resources, after reinvesting in the core business, that can be used to pursue opportunities to enhance shareholder value.
17

CONSOLIDATED OPERATING RESULTS
Quarter Ended
Dollars in millions, except per share dataMarch 31, 2022
 AmountIncrease/
(Decrease)
Revenues
Sales by Company-operated restaurants$2,302.4 %
Revenues from franchised restaurants3,262.8 13 
Other revenues100.4 17 
Total revenues5,665.6 11 
Operating costs and expenses
Company-operated restaurant expenses1,959.2 
Franchised restaurants-occupancy expenses584.0 
Other restaurant expenses72.3 
Selling, general & administrative expenses
Depreciation and amortization92.7 22 
Other584.3 19 
Other operating (income) expense, net60.5 n/m
Total operating costs and expenses3,353.0 18 
Operating income2,312.6 
Interest expense287.3 (4)
Nonoperating (income) expense, net484.1 n/m
Income before provision for income taxes1,541.2 (21)
Provision for income taxes436.8 
Net income$1,104.4 (28)%
Earnings per common share-basic$1.49 (28)%
Earnings per common share-diluted$1.48 (28)%
n/m Not meaningful
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Impact of Foreign Currency Translation
While changes in foreign currency exchange rates affect reported results, McDonald's mitigates exposures, where practical, by purchasing goods and services in local currencies, financing in local currencies and hedging certain foreign-denominated cash flows. Results excluding the effect of foreign currency translation (referred to as constant currency) are calculated by translating current year results at prior year average exchange rates.
IMPACT OF FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSLATION   
Dollars in millions, except per share data   
Currency
Translation
Benefit/ (Cost)
Quarters Ended March 31,202220212022
Revenues$5,665.6 $5,124.6 $(201.9)
Company-operated margins343.2 343.9 (15.9)
Franchised margins2,678.8 2,305.9 (73.6)
Selling, general & administrative expenses677.0 566.4 8.4 
Operating income2,312.6 2,281.3 (35.4)
Net income1,104.4 1,537.2 (13.4)
Earnings per share-diluted$1.48 $2.05 $(0.02)
The impact of foreign currency translation on consolidated operating results for the quarter primarily reflected the weakening of the Euro, Australian Dollar, British Pound and Russian Ruble.
Net Income and Diluted Earnings per Share
For the quarter, net income decreased 28% (27% in constant currencies) to $1,104.4 million, and diluted earnings per share decreased 28% (27% in constant currencies) to $1.48. Foreign currency translation had a negative impact of $0.02 on diluted earnings per share.
Results for 2022 included the following:
$127 million, or $0.13 per share, of pre-tax operating expenses incurred to support the Company's businesses in Russia and Ukraine. Included in this amount were $27 million related to the continuation of employee salaries, lease and supplier payments as well as $100 million for inventory in the Company's supply chain that likely will be disposed of due to restaurants being temporarily closed
$500 million, or $0.67 per share, of nonoperating expense to reserve for a potential settlement related to an international tax matter
Results for 2021 included the following:
$135 million of pre-tax strategic gains, or $0.13 per share, primarily related to the sale of McDonald’s Japan stock


NET INCOME AND EARNINGS PER SHARE-DILUTED RECONCILIATION
Quarters Ended March 31,
Net IncomeEarnings per share - diluted
20222021Inc/ (Dec)Inc/ (Dec)
Excluding
Currency
Translation
20222021Inc/ (Dec)Inc/ (Dec)
Excluding
Currency
Translation
GAAP$1,104.4 $1,537.2 (28)%(27)%$1.48 $2.05 (28)%(27)%
Strategic (gains)/charges102.1 (98.9)0.13 (0.13)
Settlement reserve500.0 — 0.67 — 
Non-GAAP $1,706.5 $1,438.3 19 %22 %$2.28 $1.92 19 %22 %

Excluding strategic charges and gains and a nonoperating expense to reserve for a potential settlement related to an international tax matter, net income and diluted earnings per share for the quarter each increased 19% (22% in constant currencies).
During the quarter, the Company repurchased 6.2 million shares of stock for $1.5 billion. Additionally, the Company paid a quarterly dividend of $1.38 per share, or $1.0 billion.

19


Revenues
The Company's revenues consist of sales by Company-operated restaurants and fees from restaurants operated by franchisees, developmental licensees and affiliates. Revenues from conventional franchised restaurants include rent and royalties based on a percent of sales with minimum rent payments, and initial fees. Revenues from restaurants licensed to developmental licensees and affiliates include a royalty based on a percent of sales, and generally include initial fees. The Company’s Other revenues are comprised of fees paid by franchisees to recover a portion of costs incurred by the Company for various technology platforms, revenues from brand licensing arrangements to market and sell consumer packaged goods using the McDonald’s brand, and third-party revenues for the Dynamic Yield business.
Franchised restaurants represented 93% of McDonald's restaurants worldwide at March 31, 2022. The Company's heavily franchised business model is designed to generate stable and predictable revenue, which is largely a function of franchisee sales, and resulting cash flow streams.

REVENUES    
Dollars in millions    
Quarters Ended March 31,20222021Inc/ (Dec)Inc/ (Dec)
Excluding
Currency
Translation
Company-operated sales    
U.S.$639.0 $618.3 %%
International Operated Markets1,480.7 1,379.7 14 
International Developmental Licensed Markets & Corporate182.7 163.5 12 21 
Total$2,302.4 $2,161.5 %12 %
Franchised revenues   
U.S.$1,493.5 $1,420.5 %%
International Operated Markets1,403.3 1,144.4 23 29 
International Developmental Licensed Markets & Corporate366.0 312.5 17 21 
Total$3,262.8 $2,877.4 13 %17 %
Total Company-operated sales and Franchised revenues   
U.S.$2,132.5 $2,038.8 %%
International Operated Markets2,884.0 2,524.1 14 21 
International Developmental Licensed Markets & Corporate548.7 476.0 15 21 
Total$5,565.2 $5,038.9 10 %14 %
Total Other revenues$100.4 $85.7 17 %19 %
Total Revenues$5,665.6 $5,124.6 11 %14 %
Total Company-operated sales and franchised revenues increased 10% (14% in constant currencies) for the quarter. Revenues in the quarter benefited from strong sales performance across all segments and were driven by France and the U.K. in the International Operated Markets segment. In the International Developmental Licensed Markets segment, the quarter reflected strong sales performance across all geographic regions, with China continuing to be impacted by COVID-19 resurgences and related government restrictions.













20


Comparable Sales
The following table presents the percent change in comparable sales for the quarters ended March 31, 2022 and 2021:
Increase/(Decrease)
Quarters Ended March 31,
20222021
U.S.3.5 %13.6 %
International Operated Markets20.4 0.6 
International Developmental Licensed Markets & Corporate14.7 6.4 
Total 11.8 %7.5 %

Systemwide Sales and Franchised Sales
The following table presents the percent change in Systemwide sales for the quarter ended March 31, 2022:
SYSTEMWIDE SALES*
Quarter Ended March 31, 2022
Inc/ (Dec)Inc/ (Dec)
Excluding
Currency
Translation
U.S.%%
International Operated Markets16 23 
International Developmental Licensed Markets & Corporate15 19 
Total10 %14 %
*    Unlike comparable sales, the Company has not excluded sales from hyper-inflationary markets from Systemwide sales as these sales are the basis on which the Company calculates and records revenues.


Franchised sales are not recorded as revenues by the Company, but are the basis on which the Company calculates and records franchised revenues and are indicative of the financial health of the franchisee base. The following table presents Franchised sales and the related increases/(decreases):

FRANCHISED SALES
Dollars in millions
Quarters Ended March 31,20222021Inc/ (Dec)Inc/ (Dec)
Excluding
Currency
Translation
U.S.$10,429.1 $10,089.8 %%
International Operated Markets8,111.9 6,880.6 18 24 
International Developmental Licensed Markets & Corporate6,946.7 6,048.0 15 19 
Total$25,487.7 $23,018.4 11 %14 %
Ownership type
Conventional franchised$18,443.3 $16,907.6 %12 %
Developmental licensed4,131.3 3,280.2 26 31 
Foreign affiliated2,913.1 2,830.6 
Total$25,487.7 $23,018.4 11 %14 %
21

Restaurant Margins
Franchised restaurant margins are measured as revenues from franchised restaurants less franchised restaurant occupancy costs. Franchised revenues include rent and royalties based on a percent of sales, and initial fees. Franchised restaurant occupancy costs include lease expense and depreciation, as the Company generally owns or secures a long-term lease on the land and building for the restaurant location.
Company-operated restaurant margins are measured as sales from Company-operated restaurants less costs for food & paper,
payroll & employee benefits and occupancy & other operating expenses necessary to run an individual restaurant. Company-operated
margins exclude costs that are not allocated to individual restaurants, primarily payroll & employee benefit costs of non-restaurant support staff, which are included in selling, general and administrative expenses.

RESTAURANT MARGINS
Dollars in millions
AmountInc/ (Dec)Inc/ (Dec)
Excluding
Currency
Translation
Quarters Ended March 31,20222021
Franchised  
U.S.$1,192.5 $1,131.1 %%
International Operated Markets1,125.7 868.6 30 37 
International Developmental Licensed Markets & Corporate360.6 306.2 18 21 
Total$2,678.8 $2,305.9 16 %19 %
Company-operated   
U.S.$98.3 $125.1 (21)%(21)%
International Operated Markets241.2 218.0 11 18 
International Developmental Licensed Markets & Corporaten/mn/mn/mn/m
Total$343.2 $343.9 — %%
Total restaurant margins
U.S.$1,290.8 $1,256.2 %%
International Operated Markets1,366.9 1,086.6 26 33 
International Developmental Licensed Markets & Corporaten/mn/mn/mn/m
Total$3,022.0 $2,649.8 14 %17 %
n/m Not meaningful
Total restaurant margins increased $372.2 million, or 14% (17% in constant currencies), for the quarter, reflecting strong sales performance across all segments. Franchised margins represented nearly 90% of restaurant margin dollars for the quarter.
U.S. franchised margins for the quarter reflected higher depreciation costs related to investments in restaurant modernization.
U.S. Company-operated margins for the quarter reflected positive sales performance, which was more than offset by significant inflationary impacts on labor and commodities.