10-Q 1 mcri-20220331x10q.htm 10-Q
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United States

Securities and Exchange Commission

Washington, D.C. 20549

Form 10-Q

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2022

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from       to      .

Commission File No. 0-22088

Graphic

MONARCH CASINO & RESORT, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Nevada

88-0300760

(State or Other Jurisdiction of

(I.R.S. Employer

Incorporation or Organization)

Identification No.)

3800 S. Virginia St.

Reno, Nevada

89502

(Address of Principal Executive Offices)

(ZIP Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (775) 335-4600

N/A

(Former Name, Former Address and Former Fiscal Year, if Changed Since Last Report)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class

Trading Symbols

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common Stock, $0.01 par value per share

MCRI

The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC

(Nasdaq-GS)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer

Accelerated filer

Non-accelerated filer

Smaller reporting company

Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes No

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date: 18,875,124 shares of common stock are outstanding as of May 4, 2022.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Item

Page
Number

PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements

3

Consolidated Statements of Income for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 (unaudited)

3

Consolidated Balance Sheets at March 31, 2022 (unaudited) and December 31, 2021

4

Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 (unaudited)

5

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 (unaudited)

6

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)

7

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

16

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

23

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

23

PART II - OTHER INFORMATION

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

23

Item 1A. Risk Factors

23

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

24

Item 6. Exhibits

25

Signatures

25

2

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

MONARCH CASINO & RESORT, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME

(In thousands, except per share data)

(Unaudited)

Three Months Ended March 31, 

 

2022

    

2021

    

Revenues

Casino

$

62,831

$

46,911

Food and beverage

26,047

16,206

Hotel

15,192

8,635

Other

4,248

3,208

Net revenues

108,318

 

 

74,960

Operating expenses

Casino

22,367

13,618

Food and beverage

20,731

14,095

Hotel

5,773

4,251

Other

2,082

1,520

Selling, general and administrative

24,183

19,925

Depreciation and amortization

10,516

9,514

Other operating items, net

1,317

754

Total operating expenses

86,969

 

 

63,677

Income from operations

21,349

 

 

11,283

Other expense

Interest expense, net of amounts capitalized

(650)

 

 

(1,619)

Income before income taxes

20,699

9,664

Provision for income taxes

(2,581)

(1,510)

Net income

$

18,118

 

$

8,154

 

Earnings per share of common stock

Net income

Basic

$

0.96

$

0.44

Diluted

$

0.92

$

0.42

Weighted average number of common shares and potential common shares outstanding

Basic

 

18,868

18,481

Diluted

 

19,592

19,283

The Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.

3

MONARCH CASINO & RESORT, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(In thousands, except shares)

    

March 31, 2022

    

December 31, 2021

 

ASSETS

(Unaudited)

Current assets

Cash and cash equivalents

$

33,149

 

$

33,526

Receivables, net

7,487

 

8,881

Income taxes receivable

24,365

 

26,946

Inventories

6,972

 

7,159

Prepaid expenses

7,031

 

7,552

Total current assets

 

79,004

 

84,064

Property and equipment, net

 

586,543

 

580,807

Goodwill

 

25,111

 

25,111

Intangible assets, net

 

446

 

477

Total assets

$

691,104

 

$

690,459

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

Current liabilities

Current portion of long-term debt

$

20,000

$

20,000

Accounts payable

19,410

 

18,575

Construction accounts payable

51,625

58,891

Accrued expenses

 

42,710

 

42,967

Short-term lease liability

669

745

Total current liabilities

 

134,414

 

141,178

 

Deferred income taxes

19,617

19,617

Long-term lease liability

13,373

13,498

Long-term debt, net

 

58,511

 

68,152

Total liabilities

 

225,915

 

242,445

Stockholders’ equity

 

Preferred stock, $.01 par value, 10,000,000 shares authorized; none issued

 

Common stock, $.01 par value, 30,000,000 shares authorized; 19,096,300 shares issued; 18,875,124 outstanding at March 31, 2022; 18,764,540 outstanding at December 31, 2021

191

191

Additional paid-in capital

 

44,263

 

41,426

Treasury stock, 221,176 shares at March 31, 2022; 331,760 shares at December 31, 2021

(8,121)

(4,341)

Retained earnings

 

428,856

 

410,738

Total stockholders’ equity

 

465,189

 

448,014

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

$

691,104

 

$

690,459

The Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.

4

MONARCH CASINO & RESORT, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

(In thousands, except shares, Unaudited)

Common Stock

Additional

Shares

Paid-in

Retained

Treasury

    

Outstanding

    

Amount

    

Capital

    

Earnings

    

Stock

    

Total

Balance, January 1, 2022

 

18,764,540

 

$

191

 

$

41,426

 

$

410,738

 

$

(4,341)

 

$

448,014

Exercise of stock options, net

 

191,035

 

19

 

 

2,458

2,477

Restricted stock granted

19,549

1,658

262

1,920

Purchase of company common stock

(100,000)

(6,500)

(6,500)

Stock-based compensation expense

 

 

 

1,160

 

 

 

1,160

Net income

 

 

 

 

18,118

 

 

18,118

Balance, March 31, 2022

18,875,124

 

$

191

 

$

44,263

 

$

428,856

 

$

(8,121)

 

$

465,189

Common Stock

Additional

Shares

Paid-in

Retained

Treasury

    

Outstanding

    

Amount

    

Capital

    

Earnings

    

Stock

    

Total

Balance, January 1, 2021

 

18,426,130

 

$

191

 

$

34,498

 

$

342,250

 

$

(8,872)

 

$

368,067

Exercise of stock options, net

 

91,831

 

1,143

 

 

1,266

2,409

Stock-based compensation expense

 

 

 

1,280

 

 

 

1,280

Net income

 

 

 

8,154

 

 

8,154

Balance, March 31, 2021

 

18,517,961

 

$

191

 

$

36,921

 

$

350,404

 

$

(7,606)

 

$

379,910

The Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.

5

MONARCH CASINO & RESORT, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(In thousands, Unaudited)

Three Months Ended March 31, 

    

2022

    

2021

Cash flows from operating activities:

Net income

$

18,118

 

$

8,154

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

Depreciation and amortization

 

10,516

 

9,514

Amortization of deferred loan costs

 

359

 

293

Stock-based compensation

 

1,160

 

1,280

Stock based compensation - restricted stock

50

Provision for bad debts

 

32

 

39

Gain on disposition of assets

 

(25)

 

Non-cash operating lease expense

(1)

(4)

Deferred income taxes

1

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

Receivables

1,362

(4,025)

Income taxes receivable

2,581

1,511

Inventories

187

855

Prepaid expenses

521

1,071

Accounts payable

 

835

 

703

Accrued expenses

 

(257)

 

2,462

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

35,438

 

21,854

Cash flows from investing activities:

Proceeds from sale of assets

 

27

 

Change in construction accounts payable

(7,266)

497

Acquisition of property and equipment

(14,814)

(6,427)

Net cash used in investing activities

 

(22,053)

 

(5,930)

Cash flows from financing activities:

Payroll taxes from net exercise of stock options

 

(2,468)

 

Proceeds from exercise of stock options

5,206

2,409

Long-term debt borrowings

3,000

Principal payments on long-term debt

 

(13,000)

 

(22,500)

Purchase of company common stock

(6,500)

Net cash used in financing activities

 

(13,762)

 

(20,091)

Change in cash and cash equivalents

 

(377)

 

(4,167)

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

 

33,526

 

28,310

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

$

33,149

 

$

24,143

Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:

Cash paid for interest, net of amounts capitalized

$

293

 

$

1,328

The Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.

6

MONARCH CASINO & RESORT, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED MARCH 31, 2022

NOTE 1. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Basis of Presentation:

Monarch Casino & Resort, Inc. was incorporated in 1993. Unless otherwise indicated, “Monarch,” “us,” “we,” and the “Company” refer to Monarch Casino & Resort, Inc. and its subsidiaries. Monarch owns and operates the Atlantis Casino Resort Spa, a hotel and casino in Reno, Nevada (the “Atlantis”) and Monarch Casino Resort Spa Black Hawk, a hotel and casino in Black Hawk, Colorado (the “Monarch Black Hawk”). In addition, Monarch owns separate parcels of land located next to the Atlantis and a parcel of land with an industrial warehouse located between Denver, Colorado and Monarch Black Hawk. Monarch also owns Chicago Dogs Eatery, Inc. and Monarch Promotional Association, both of which were formed in relation to licensure requirements for extended hours of liquor operation in Black Hawk, Colorado.

The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Monarch and its subsidiaries (the “Consolidated Financial Statements”). Intercompany balances and transactions are eliminated.

Interim Financial Statements:

The Consolidated Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“U.S. GAAP”) for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by U.S. GAAP for complete financial statements. In the opinion of the management of the Company, all adjustments considered necessary for a fair presentation, consisting solely of a normal and recurring nature, are included. Operating results for the three months ended March 31, 2022 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2022.

The balance sheet at December 31, 2021 has been derived from the audited consolidated financial statements of the Company at that date, but does not include all of the information and footnotes required by U.S. GAAP for complete financial statements. For further information, refer to the consolidated financial statements and footnotes thereto included in the Company’s annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021.

Segment Reporting:

The accounting guidance for disclosures about segments of an enterprise and related information requires separate financial information to be disclosed for all operating segments of a business. The Company determined that the Company’s two operating segments, Atlantis and Monarch Black Hawk, meet the aggregation criteria stipulated by ASC 280-10-50-11. The Company views each property as an operating segment and the two operating segments have been aggregated into one reporting segment.

Concentrations of Credit Risk and Credit Losses:

Financial instruments which potentially subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk consist principally of bank deposits and trade receivables.

The Company maintains its surplus cash in bank accounts which, at times, may exceed federally insured limits. The Company has not experienced any losses in such accounts.

The Company accounts for credit losses in accordance with ASU 2016-13 using forward-looking expected loss model.

7

The Company extends short-term credit to its gaming customers. Such credit is non-interest bearing and is due on demand. In addition, the Company also has receivables due from hotel guests and convention groups and events, which are primarily secured with a credit card. An allowance for doubtful accounts is determined to reduce the Company’s receivables to their carrying value, which approximates fair value. The allowance is estimated based on historical collection experience, specific review of individual customer accounts, current economic and business conditions and management’s expectations of future economic and business conditions. The allowance is applied even when the risk of credit loss is remote. When a situation warrants, the Company may create a specific identification reserve for high collection risk receivables. The Company writes off its uncollectible receivables once all efforts have been made to collect such receivables. Recoveries of accounts previously written off are recorded when received. Concentrations of credit risk with respect to gaming and non-gaming receivables are limited due to the large number of customers comprising the Company’s customer base. Historically, the Company has not incurred any significant credit-related losses.

As of March 31, 2022, the Company has recorded a reserve of $0.1 million for gaming and non-gaming receivables.

The Company believes it is not exposed to any significant credit risk on cash and accounts receivable.

Inventories:

Inventories, consisting primarily of food, beverages, and retail merchandise, are stated at the lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost is determined by the weighted average and specific identification methods. Net realizable value is defined by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) as estimated selling prices in the ordinary course of business, less reasonably predictable costs of completion, disposal and transportation.

Property and Equipment, net:

Property and equipment, net consists of the following (in thousands):

    

March 31, 2022

    

December 31, 2021

 

Land

$

32,986

$

32,986

Land improvements

 

9,898

 

9,898

Buildings

 

476,070

 

474,571

Buildings improvements

 

55,974

 

55,432

Furniture and equipment

 

243,734

 

235,233

Construction in progress

 

13,619

 

8,211

Right of use assets

14,045

14,246

Leasehold improvements

 

3,848

 

3,848

 

850,174

 

834,425

Less accumulated depreciation and amortization

 

(263,631)

 

(253,618)

Property and equipment, net

$

586,543

$

580,807

 

Property and equipment are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation and amortization. Property and equipment is depreciated principally on a straight-line basis over its estimated useful lives as follows:

Land improvements

    

15

-

40

years

Buildings

 

30

-

40

years

Building improvements

 

5

-

40

years

Furniture

 

5

-

10

years

Equipment

 

3

-

20

years

The Company evaluates property and equipment and other long-lived assets for impairment in accordance with the guidance for accounting for the impairment or disposal of long-lived assets. For assets to be disposed of, the Company recognizes the asset to be sold at the lower of carrying value or fair value less costs of disposal. Fair value for assets to be disposed of is generally estimated based on comparable asset sales, solicited offers or a discounted cash flow model.

8

For assets to be held and used, the Company reviews fixed assets for impairment whenever indicators of impairment exist. If an indicator of impairment exists, we compare the estimated future cash flows of the asset, on an undiscounted basis, to the carrying value of the asset. If the undiscounted cash flows exceed the carrying value, no impairment is indicated. If the undiscounted cash flows do not exceed the carrying value, the impairment is measured based on fair value compared to carrying value, with fair value typically based on a discounted cash flow model or market comparables, when available. For the three-month periods ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, there were no impairment charges.

Goodwill:

The Company accounts for goodwill in accordance with ASC Topic 350, Intangibles-Goodwill and Other (“ASC Topic 350”). ASC Topic 350 gives companies the option to perform a qualitative assessment that may allow them to skip the quantitative test as appropriate. The Company tests its goodwill for impairment annually during the fourth quarter, or whenever events or circumstances make it more likely than not that impairment may have occurred. Impairment testing for goodwill is performed at the reporting unit level, and each of the Company’s casino properties is considered to be a reporting unit.

As of March 31, 2022, we had goodwill totaling $25.1 million related to the purchase of Monarch Black Hawk, Inc.

ASC Topic 350 requires that goodwill be tested for impairment between annual tests if an event occurs or circumstances change that would more likely than not reduce the fair value of a reporting unit below its carrying amount. We performed an assessment to determine whether events or circumstances such as those described in ASC 350-20-35-3C existed and we determined that they did not exist during the interim period; therefore, an interim impairment test was not performed.

Debt Issuance Costs:

Costs incurred in connection with the issuance of long-term debt are amortized to interest expense over the term of the related debt agreement utilizing the effective interest rate method. Unamortized amounts of debt issuance costs are recorded as a reduction of the outstanding debt and included in “Long-term debt, net”.

As of March 31, 2022, debt issuance costs, net of amortization, were $1.5 million.

Revenue Recognition:

The majority of the Company’s revenue is recognized when products are delivered or services are performed. For certain revenue transactions (when a patron uses a club loyalty card), in accordance with Accounting Standard Update No. 2014-09 (“ASC 606”), a portion of the revenue is deferred until the points earned by the patron are redeemed or expire.

Casino revenue: Casino revenues represent the net win from gaming activity, which is the difference between the amounts won and lost, which represents the transaction price. Jackpots, other than the incremental amount of progressive jackpots, are recognized at the time they are won by customers. Funds deposited by customers in advance and outstanding chips and slot tickets in the customers’ possession are recognized as a liability until such amounts are redeemed or used in gaming play by the customer. Additionally, net win is reduced by the performance obligations for the players’ club program, progressive jackpots and any pre-arranged marker discounts. Progressive jackpot provisions are recognized in two components: 1) as wagers are made for the share of players’ wagers that are contributed to the progressive jackpot award, and 2) as jackpots are won for the portion of the progressive jackpot award contributed by the Company. Cash discounts and other cash incentives to guests related to gaming play are recorded as a reduction to gaming revenue.

9

Players’ Club Program: The Company operates a players’ club program under which as players perform gaming activities they earn and accumulate points, which may be redeemed for a variety of goods and services. Given the significance of the players’ club program and the ability for members to bank such points based on their past play, the Company has determined that players’ club program points granted in conjunction with gaming activity constitute a material right and, as such, represent a performance obligation associated with the gaming contracts. At the time points are earned, the Company recognizes deferred revenue at the standalone selling prices (“SSP”) of the goods and services that the points are expected to be redeemed for, with a corresponding decrease in gaming revenue. The points estimated SSP is computed as the cash redemption value of the points expected to be redeemed, which is determined through an analysis of all redemption activity over the preceding twelve-month period.

As of March 31, 2022, the Company had estimated the obligations related to the players’ club program at $9.6 million, which is included in Accrued Expenses in the Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity section in the Consolidated Balance Sheet.

Food and Beverage, Hotel and Other (retail) Revenues: Food and Beverage, Hotel and Other Revenues in general are recognized when products are delivered or services are performed. The Company recognizes revenue related to the products and services associated with the players points’ redemptions at the time products are delivered or services are performed, with corresponding reduction in the deferred revenue, at SSP. Other complimentaries in conjunction with the gaming and other business are also valued at SSP. Hotel revenue is presented net of non-third-party rebates and commissions. The cost of providing these complimentary goods and services are included as expenses within their respective categories.

Other Revenues: Other revenues (excluding retail) primarily consist of commissions received on ATM transactions and cash advances, which are recorded on a net basis as the Company represents the agent in its relationship with the third-party service providers, and commissions and fees received in connection with pari-mutuel wagering, which are also recorded on a net basis.

Sales and other taxes: Sales taxes and other taxes collected from customers on behalf of governmental authorities are accounted for on a net basis and are not included in revenues or operating expenses. In addition, tips and other gratuities, excluding service charges, collected from customers on behalf of the Company’s employees are also accounted for on a net basis and are not included in revenues or operating expenses.

Other Operating items, net:

Other operating items, net, in general consist of miscellaneous operating charges or proceeds.

For the three months ended March 31, 2022, Other operating items, net, was $1.3 million and primarily represented professional service fees relating to our construction litigation. For the three months ended March 31, 2021, Other operating items, net, was $0.7 million and included: $0.6 million in professional service fees relating to our construction litigation; and $0.1 million of equipment, supplies and employee testing expenses directly attributable to the pandemic for reopening of the properties and incremental to normal operations.

Impact of Recently Adopted Accounting Standards:

The Company has evaluated the recently issued or proposed by the FASB or other standards-setting bodies accounting standards and does not believe the future adoption of any such pronouncements will have a material effect on the Company’s Consolidated Financial Statements.

In addition, a variety of proposed or otherwise potential accounting standards are currently under review and study by standard-setting organizations and certain regulatory agencies. Because of the tentative and preliminary nature of such proposed standards, the Company has not yet determined the effect, if any, the implementation of any such proposed or revised standards would have on the Company’s Consolidated Financial Statements.

10

NOTE 2. ACCOUNTING FOR LEASES

For leases with terms greater than 12 months, the Company records the related asset and obligation at the present value of the lease payments over the lease term. Certain of the Company’s leases include rental escalation clauses, renewal options and/or termination options that are factored into its determination of lease payments when appropriate. As permitted by ASC 842, the Company elected not to separate non-lease components from their related lease components.

As of March 31, 2022, the Company’s right of use assets consisted of the Parking Lot Lease, the Driveway Lease (each as defined and discussed in NOTE 5. RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS), as well as certain billboard leases.

Upon adoption of the new lease standard, incremental borrowing rates used for existing leases were established using the rates in effect as of the lease inception or modification date. The weighted-average incremental borrowing rate of the leases presented in the lease liability as of March 31, 2022 was 4.34%.

The weighted-average remaining lease term of the leases presented in the lease liability as of March 31, 2022 was 20.3 years.

Cash paid related to the operating leases presented in the lease liability for each of the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, was $0.3 million and $0.4 million, respectively.

NOTE 3. STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION

In accordance with ASC 606, the Company records any excess tax benefits or deficiencies from its equity awards in its Consolidated Statements of Income in the reporting periods in which vesting occurs. As a result, the Company’s income tax expense and associated effective tax rate are impacted by fluctuations in stock price between the grant dates and vesting dates of equity awards.

Reported stock-based compensation expense was classified as follows (in thousands):

Three months ended

March 31, 

    

2022

    

2021

 

Casino

 

$

71

 

$

42

 

Food and beverage

 

48

 

46

Hotel

 

33

 

32

Selling, general and administrative

 

1,008

 

1,160

Total stock-based compensation, before taxes

 

1,160

 

1,280

Tax benefit

 

(244)

 

(269)

Total stock-based compensation, net of tax

 

$

916

 

$

1,011

 

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NOTE 4. EARNINGS PER SHARE

Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing reported net earnings by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share reflect the additional dilution for all potentially dilutive securities such as stock options. The following is a reconciliation of the number of shares (denominator) used in the basic and diluted earnings per share computations (shares in thousands):

Three months ended March 31, 

2022

2021

Per Share

Per Share

    

Shares

    

Amount

    

Shares

    

Amount

Basic

 

18,868

 

$

0.96

 

18,481

 

$

0.44

Effect of dilutive stock options

 

724

 

(0.04)

 

802

 

(0.02)

Diluted

 

19,592

 

$

0.92

 

19,283

 

$

0.42

Excluded from the computation of diluted earnings per share are options where the exercise prices are greater than the weighted assumed proceeds per share as their effects would be anti-dilutive in the computation of diluted earnings per share. For the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, options for approximately 506 thousand and 210 thousand shares, respectively, were excluded from the computation.

NOTE 5. RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

The shopping center adjacent to the Atlantis (the “Shopping Center”) is owned by Biggest Little Investments, L.P. (“BLI”). John Farahi and Bob Farahi, Co-Chairmen of the Board and executive officers of the Company, and Ben Farahi have significant holdings (the “Farahi Family Stockholders”) in Monarch and each also beneficially owns limited partnership interests in BLI. Maxum LLC is the sole general partner of BLI, and Ben Farahi is the sole managing member of Maxum LLC. Neither John Farahi nor Bob Farahi has any management or operational control over BLI or the Shopping Center. Until May 2006, Ben Farahi held the positions of Co-Chairman of the Board, Secretary, Treasurer and Chief Financial Officer of the Company.

On August 28, 2015, Monarch, through its subsidiary Golden Road Motor Inn, Inc., entered into a 20-year lease agreement with BLI for a portion of the Shopping Center, consisting of an approximate 46,000 square-foot commercial building on approximately 4.2 acres of land adjacent to the Atlantis (the “Parking Lot Lease”). This lease gives the Atlantis the right to use a parcel, approximately 4.2 acres, comprised of a commercial building and surrounding land adjacent to the Atlantis. The primary purpose of the Parking Lot Lease is to provide additional, convenient, Atlantis surface parking. The Company demolished the building and converted the land into approximately 300 additional surface parking spaces for the Atlantis. The minimum annual rent under the Parking Lot Lease is $695 thousand commencing on November 17, 2015. The minimum annual rent is subject to a cost of living adjustment increase on each five-year anniversary. In addition, the Company is responsible for the payment of property taxes, utilities and maintenance expenses related to the leased property. The Company has an option to renew the Parking Lot Lease for an additional ten-year term. If the Company elects not to exercise its renewal option, the Company will be obligated to pay BLI $1.6 million. For the three-month periods ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, the Company paid $187 thousand and $174 thousand in rent, respectively, plus $7 thousand in operating expenses relating to this lease for each of the periods. The right of use asset and lease liability balances as of March 31, 2022, recognized in the Consolidated Balance Sheet, was $10.2 million.

12

In addition, the Atlantis shares a driveway with the Shopping Center and leases approximately 37,400 square feet from BLI (the “Driveway Lease”) for an initial lease term of 15 years, which commenced on September 30, 2004, at an original annual rent of $300 thousand plus common area expenses. The annual rent is subject to a cost of living adjustment increase on each five-year anniversary of the Driveway Lease. Effective August 28, 2015, in connection with the Company entering into the Parking Lot Lease, the Driveway Lease was amended to: (i) make the Company solely responsible for the operation and maintenance costs of the shared driveway (including the fountains thereon); (ii) eliminate the Company’s obligation to reimburse the Shopping Center for its proportionate share of common area expenses; and (iii) exercise the three successive five-year renewal terms beyond the initial 15-year term in the existing Driveway Lease agreement. At the end of the renewal terms, the Company has the option to purchase the leased driveway section of the Shopping Center. For each of the three-month periods ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, the Company paid $101 thousand in rent plus $10 thousand and $8 thousand, respectively, in operating expenses relating to this lease. The right of use asset and lease liability balances as of March 31, 2022, recognized in the Consolidated Balance Sheet, was $3.7 million.

The Company occasionally leases billboard advertising, storage space and parking lot space from affiliates controlled by the Farahi Family Stockholders, and paid $81 thousand and $42 thousand, respectively, for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, for such leases.

NOTE 6. LONG-TERM DEBT

On September 3, 2020, the Company entered into the Fourth Amended and Restated Credit Agreement with Wells Fargo Bank, N.A., as administrative agent and certain banks (the “Fourth Amended Credit Facility”). On April 30, 2021, the Company entered into an amendment to the Fourth Amended Credit Facility (collectively, with all prior amendments, the “Amended Credit Facility”).

The maturity date of the Amended Credit Facility is September 3, 2023. The Amended Credit Facility increases the aggregate principal amount of the credit facilities to $270 million. The $270 million Amended Credit Facility consists of: a $200 million term loan (“Term Loan Facility”) and a $70 million revolving credit facility (“Revolving Credit Facility”), with an option to increase the Revolving Credit Facility by up to an additional $75 million.

As of March 31, 2022, the Company had an outstanding principal balance of $80 million under the Term Loan Facility, a $0.6 million letter of credit and no borrowings under the Revolving Credit Facility; $69.4 million remained available for borrowing.

The Company is required to make quarterly principal payments under the Term Loan Facility on each Term Loan Installment Date, commencing on December 31, 2020, in an amount equal to (x) the percentage set forth opposite the applicable period during which such Term Loan Installment Date occurs (i.e., 1.25% for the period from December 31, 2020 to September 30, 2021, and 2.50% for the period from December 31, 2021 and thereafter) multiplied by (y) $200 million. The estimated amount of the mandatory principal payments due in the next twelve months is $20 million.

Commencing with the delivery of the compliance certificate for fiscal year 2022, the Company may be required to prepay borrowings under the Amended Credit Facility using excess cash flows for each fiscal year, depending on the Company’s leverage ratio.

Borrowings are secured by liens on substantially all of the Company’s real and personal property.

In addition to other customary covenants for a facility of this nature, as of March 31, 2022, the Company is required to maintain a Total Leverage Ratio (as defined in the Amended Credit Facility) of no more than 4.5:1 and Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio (as defined in the Amended Credit Facility) of at least 1.15:1. As of March 31, 2022, the Company’s Total Leverage Ratio and Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio were 0.5:1 and 4.7:1, respectively.

The interest rate under the Amended Credit Facility is LIBOR plus a margin ranging from 1.00% to 2.00%, or a base rate (as defined in the Amended Credit Facility) plus a margin ranging from 0.00% to 1.00%, or the Prime Rate. The applicable margins vary depending on the Company’s leverage ratio. Commitment fees are equal to the daily average unused revolving commitment multiplied by the commitment fee percentage, ranging from 0.175% to 0.325%, based on our leverage ratio. As of March 31, 2022, the interest rate on the Term Loan Facility was 1.11%, or LIBOR plus a 1.00% margin.

13

On the terms and subject to some conditions, the Company may, at any time before the maturity date, request an increase of the Revolving Credit Facility, provided that each such increase is equal to $15 million or an integral multiple of $1 million in excess and, after giving effect to the requested increase, the aggregate amount of the increases in the total revolving loan commitment shall not exceed $75 million.

The Company may prepay borrowings under the Amended Credit Facility revolving loan without penalty (subject to certain conditions and certain charges applicable to the prepayment of LIBOR borrowings prior to the end of the applicable interest period). Once reduced or cancelled, the Revolving Credit Facility may not be increased or reinstated without the prior written consent of all lenders. During the first three months of 2022, the Company made $5 million in optional prepayments on its Term Loan Facility in addition to $5 million in mandatory payments.

As of March 31, 2022, the $58.5 million “Long-term debt, net” in the Company’s consolidated balance sheet represents the $80 million outstanding loan amount under the Amended Credit Facility, net of $1.5 million unamortized debt issuance costs and $20 million mandatory principal payments that are due in the next twelve months and presented as “Current portion of long-term debt” in the Current liabilities section of the Company’s consolidated balance sheet.

NOTE 7. TAXES

For the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, the Company’s effective tax rate was 12.5% and 15.6%, respectively. The effective tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 was impacted by excess tax benefit on stock option exercises.

As of March 31, 2022, the $24.4 million “Income taxes receivable” in the Company’s consolidated balance sheet represents the expected federal and state tax refund for 2020 tax year, net of current year federal and state tax payable.

Deferred tax assets were evaluated by considering historical levels of income, estimates of future taxable income and the impact of tax planning strategies.

No uncertain tax positions were recorded as of March 31, 2022 and 2021. No change in uncertain tax positions is anticipated over the next twelve months.

NOTE 8. STOCK REPURCHASE PLAN

On October 22, 2014, the board of directors of Monarch authorized a stock repurchase plan (the “Repurchase Plan”). Under the Repurchase Plan, the board of directors authorized a program to repurchase up to 3,000,000 shares of the Company’s common stock in the open market or in privately negotiated transactions from time to time, in compliance with Rule 10b-18 of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, subject to market conditions, applicable legal requirements and other factors. The Repurchase Plan does not obligate the Company to acquire any particular amount of common stock and the plan may be suspended at any time at the Company’s discretion, and it will continue until exhausted. The actual timing, number and value of shares repurchased under the repurchase program will be determined by management at its discretion and will depend on a number of factors, including the market price of the Company’s stock, general market economic conditions and applicable legal requirements.

On January 19, 2022, under the authority of the Repurchase Plan, the Company purchased 100,000 shares for $6.5 million in a privately negotiated transaction. As of March 31, 2022, this was the only purchase made under the Repurchase Plan.

14

NOTE 9. LEGAL MATTERS

On August 30, 2019, PCL Construction Services, Inc. (“PCL”) filed a complaint in District Court, City and County of Denver, Colorado (the “Denver Action”), against the Company and its Colorado subsidiaries, in connection with certain disputes regarding construction of the Company’s expansion of Monarch Black Hawk. The complaint alleges, among other things, the defendants breached the construction contract with PCL and certain implied warranties. On December 5, 2019, the Company and its Colorado subsidiaries filed an answer and counterclaim, which alleges, among other items, that PCL breached the construction contract, duties of good faith and fair dealing, and implied and express warranties, made fraudulent or negligent misrepresentations on which the Company and its Colorado subsidiaries relied, and included claims for monetary damages as well as equitable and declaratory relief.

The trial date for this matter has again been rescheduled and is now set for September 6, 2022, based on PCL’s failure to produce relevant documents. Discovery in the action is thus ongoing, and we are currently unable to determine the probability of the outcome or reasonably estimate the loss or gain, if any.

In connection with the expansion of the Monarch Black Hawk, as described above, PCL and certain subcontractors have provided purported notice of liens filed against the real property on which the Monarch Black Hawk is situated (the “Monarch Black Hawk Property”), for sums allegedly owed for construction of the expansion.  Some of the subcontractors have recorded such liens in the property records of Gilpin County, Colorado. 

On March 26, 2021, PCL filed a mechanics’ lien foreclosure action in District Court, County of Gilpin, Colorado (the “Gilpin Action”), against the Company and its Colorado subsidiaries, in connection with the Company’s expansion plans for the Monarch Black Hawk Property. The complaint essentially mirrors the claims and allegations made by PCL in the Denver Action, as described above.  The new lawsuit includes an additional claim, however, for foreclosure of PCL’s purported mechanics’ lien against the Monarch Black Hawk Property. PCL also joined additional subcontractors as defendants who have claimed a purported lien against the Monarch Black Hawk Property.  Effective May 10, 2021, PCL filed its second amended complaint, joining more such parties as defendants. Many of the Company’s co-defendants have filed cross claims against Monarch for foreclosure of mechanics’ liens and related claims, including unjust enrichment, and have also filed counterclaims against PCL.  The Company and its Colorado subsidiaries filed an answer and counterclaims in the Gilpin Action on July 15, 2021.  Monarch has also filed answers to all cross claims, denying the claimants’ rights to relief.  The Company and its Colorado subsidiaries intend to defend against PCL’s claims and the cross claims filed by certain subcontractors, and will vigorously prosecute its counterclaims for damages. The case remains stayed pending the outcome of the Denver Action.

 

The Company recognized $1.3 million and $0.6 million in construction litigation expense relating to these lawsuits for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively, which are included in Other operating items, net on the Consolidated Statements of Income.

From time to time, we may be subject to other legal proceedings and claims in the ordinary course of business. Management believes that the amount of any reasonably possible or probable loss for such other known matters would not have a material adverse impact on our financial conditions, cash flows or results of operations; however, the outcome of these actions is inherently difficult to predict.

15

ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Unless otherwise indicated, “Monarch,” “Company,” “we,” “our,” and “us” refer to Monarch Casino & Resort, Inc. and its subsidiaries.

CAUTIONARY NOTE ON FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the safe harbor provisions of the U.S. Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements can be identified by words such as: “believes,” “expects,” “anticipates,” “estimates,” “plans,” “intends,” “objectives,” “goals,” “aims,” “projects,” “forecasts,” “possible,” “seeks,” “may,” “will,” “could,” “should,” “might,” “likely,” “enable,” or similar words or expressions, as well as statements containing phrases such as “in our view,” or “we cannot assure you,” “although no assurance can be given,” Examples of forward-looking statements include, among others, statements we make regarding: (i) the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, including any recent spikes in cases or any spread of new variants, on our revenues, cash flows, liquidity, construction projects, results of operations and financial condition; (ii) our expectations regarding the continued return to normalized operations; (iii) our beliefs regarding the sufficiency of our cash and other financial resources; (iv) our expectations regarding credit facility covenant compliance ; (v) our expectations regarding changes in our operations and services relating to government restrictions that may be imposed in light of COVID-19 pandemic measures; (vi) our beliefs regarding the quality of our properties as key factors in Monarch's long-term success; (vii) our expectations and beliefs concerning the expansion project at the Monarch Black Hawk (the "Monarch Black Hawk Expansion"), ; (viii) our expectations and intentions regarding the expenses, defenses and outcomes of the lawsuits filed by the construction project general contractor against us and our counterclaims against the contractor; (ix) our expectations regarding our business prospects, strategies, estimates and outlook; (x) our expectations regarding the positioning of our properties to benefit from future macro and local economic growth; (xi) our expectations regarding future capital requirements; (xii) our anticipated sources of funds and adequacy of such funds to meet our debt obligations and capital requirements; and (xiii) our expectations regarding legal and other matters.

Forward-looking statements are neither historical facts nor assurances of future performance. Instead, they are based only on our current beliefs, expectations and assumptions regarding the future of our business, future plans and strategies, projections, anticipated events and trends, the economy and other future conditions. Because forward-looking statements relate to the future, they are subject to inherent uncertainties, risks and changes in circumstances that are difficult to predict and many of which are outside of our control. Our actual results and financial condition may differ materially from those indicated in the forward-looking statements. Therefore, you should not rely on any of these forward-looking statements. Important factors that could cause our actual results and financial condition to differ materially from those indicated in the forward-looking statements include, among others, the following:

adverse impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic and its variants on our business, financial condition, operating results, access to capital markets, and on short-term and long-term travel, leisure and discretionary spending habits and practices of our guests;
actions by government officials at the federal, state or local level, including, without limitation, temporary or extended shutdowns, travel restrictions, social distancing, shelter-in-place orders, and mask mandates in connection with the COVID-19 pandemic;
our ability to maintain strong relationships with our regulators, employees, lenders, suppliers, insurance carriers, customers and other stakeholders;
impact of any uninsured losses;
the adverse impact of cancellations and/or postponements of hotel stays and convention and trade shows on our business, market position, growth, financial condition and operating results;
a delay in or failure of the changes in guest visitation, entertainment choices and spending patterns, including a decrease in overall long-term demand;
potentially uninsurable liability exposure to customers and staff should they become (or allege that they have become) infected with COVID-19 while at one of our resorts;
unwillingness of employees to report to work due to the adverse effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, including any spikes in cases, or to otherwise conduct work under any revised work environment protocols;
unwillingness of our employees to obtain the COVID-19 vaccination;
the potential of increases in state and federal taxation to address budgetary and other impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic;

16

our ability to successfully implement our business and growth strategies;
our ability to realize the anticipated benefits of our expansion and renovation projects, including the Monarch Black Hawk Expansion;
our ongoing disputes over costs of and responsibility for delays, construction defects and other construction related matters with our Monarch Black Hawk general contractor, PCL Construction Services, Inc. (“PCL”), including, as previously reported, the litigations against us by such contractor and our filing of affirmative defenses and extensive counterclaims against PCL;
our potential need to post bonds or other forms of surety to support our legal remedies;
risks related to pending litigation, which is costly and time-consuming to defend, and if decided against us, could require us to pay substantial judgments or settlements. We cannot predict with certainty the outcomes of such legal proceedings, and the costs incurred in litigation can be substantial, regardless of the outcome. Substantial unanticipated verdicts, fines and rulings do sometimes occur;
our ability to generate sufficient operating cash flow to service our debt obligations and working capital needs and to help finance our expansion plans;
our ability to effectively manage expenses to optimize our margins and operating results;
our ability to effectively manage increased expenses from inflationary pressures, including wage inflation;
our ability to effectively manage the impacts of temporary or other supply chain interruptions;
our ability to successfully complete potential acquisitions and investments;
access to capital and credit, including our ability to finance future business requirements;
adverse trends in the gaming industry;
changes in patron demographics;
risks related to record heat conditions, drought conditions and fires in the Western United States;
general market and economic conditions, including but not limited to, the effects of local and national economic, housing and energy conditions on the economy in general and on the gaming and lodging industries in particular;
the impact of rising interest rates and our ability to refinance debt as it matures at commercially reasonable rates or at all;
fluctuations in interest rates, including the impact of any discontinuance, modification or other reform of LIBOR, or the establishment of alternative reference rates;
our dependence on two resorts;
ability of large stockholders to influence our affairs;
our dependence on key personnel;
the availability of adequate levels of insurance;
changes in federal, state, and local laws and regulations, including environmental and gaming licenses or legislation and regulations, and laws and regulations permitting expanded and other forms of gaming in our key markets;
ability to obtain and maintain gaming and other governmental licenses and regulatory approvals;
any violations by us of the anti-money laundering laws;
cybersecurity risks, including misappropriation of customer information or other breaches of information security;
impact of natural disasters, severe weather, terrorist activity and similar events;
our competitive environment, including increased competition in our target market areas;
increases in the effective rate of taxation at any of our properties or at the corporate level;
our ability to successfully estimate the impact of accounting, tax and legal matters;
the impact of the events occurring in Eastern Europe and the conflict taking place in Ukraine; and
risks, uncertainties and other factors described in Part I, Item 1A. “Risk Factors” and Part II, Item 7 “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021 (the "2021 Form 10-K”) and our other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

17

Any forward-looking statement made by us in this Form 10-Q is based only on information currently available to us and speaks only as of the date on which it is made. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements as a result of future developments, events or conditions, except as required by law. New risks emerge from time to time and it is not possible for us to predict all such risk factors, nor can we assess the impact of all such risk factors on our business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ significantly from those forecast in any forward-looking statements.

OVERVIEW

Monarch was incorporated in the state of Nevada in 1993. We own and operate the Atlantis Casino Resort Spa, a hotel and casino in Reno, Nevada (the “Atlantis”) and Monarch Casino Resort Spa Black Hawk (the “Monarch Black Hawk”), a casino in Black Hawk, Colorado. In addition, we own separate parcels of land located next to the Atlantis and a parcel of land with an industrial warehouse located between Denver, Colorado and Monarch Black Hawk.

We earn revenues, operating income and cash flow from Atlantis and Monarch Black Hawk, primarily through our casino, food and beverage, and hotel operations. We focus on delivering exceptional service and value to our guests. Our hands-on management style focuses on customer services and cost efficiencies.

Atlantis: Our business strategy is to maximize revenues, operating income and cash flow primarily through our casino, food and beverage, and hotel operations. We continuously upgrade our property and invest in technology. Reno remains a very healthy local-oriented market. The tight employment environment and wage pressure remain key challenges. We expect this to be a recurring trend for the market and Atlantis in the years ahead but we remain confident that our operating strategies will allow Atlantis to grow revenue as our market share continues to expand. With quality gaming, hotel and dining products, we believe the Atlantis is well positioned to benefit from future macro and local economic growth, as well as for possible adverse macro-economic conditions.

Monarch Black Hawk: Since the acquisition of Monarch Black Hawk in April 2012, our focus has been to maximize casino and food and beverage revenues while upgrading the existing facility and working on the major expansion. In August 2015, we completed the redesign and upgrade of the original Monarch Black Hawk property. In November 2016, we opened for guest use a new nine-story parking structure with approximately 1,350 spaces and additional valet parking, with total property capacity of approximately 1,500 spaces. In the first quarter of 2022, we completed our masterplan expansion, transforming the property into a full-scale casino resort, which includes a 23-story hotel with spa and pool at the top floor, expanded casino floor, poker room, sportsbook lounge, keno counter, five dining options and ten bars. Through its superior product and service, the property is positioned to attract and retain the upper segment of the market and grow incremental revenue and profit.

KEY PERFORMANCE INDICATORS

We use certain Key Performance Indicators (“KPI”) to manage our operation and measure our performance.

Gaming revenue KPI: Our management reviews on a consistent basis the volume metrics and hold percentage metrics for each gaming area. The main volume measurements are slot coin-in, table games drop, sportsbook write and keno write. Slot coin-in represents the dollar amount wagered in slot machines, including free promotional wagers. Table games drop represents the total amount of cash and net markers deposited in the table drop box. Keno write and sportsbook write represents the dollar amount wagered at our counters, along with sportsbook write made through our mobile wagering system. Volume metrics are important in managing the business, as our gaming win is affected by actual hold percentage, which in general varies from the expected hold percentage and historical hold percentage. Gaming win represents the amount of wagers retained by us. Hold percentage represents win as a percentage of slot coin-in, table game drop, sportsbook write, or keno write. Our win and hold percentages are calculated before discounts, commissions, deferring revenue associated with our loyalty programs and allocating casino revenues related to goods and services provided to patrons on a complimentary basis.

Food and Beverage revenue KPI: The main KPIs in managing our food and beverage (“F&B”) operations are covers and average revenue per cover. A cover represents the number of guests served and is an indicator of volume. Average revenue per cover represents the average amount spent per food and beverage outlets’ served guests. Changes in the average revenue per cover might be an indicator for changes in menu offerings, changes in menu prices or may indicate changes in our guests’ preferences and purchasing habits.

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Hotel revenue KPI: The main KPIs used in managing our hotel operation are the occupancy rate (a volume indicator), which is the average percentage of available hotel rooms occupied during a period, and the average daily rate (“ADR”, a price indicator), which is the average price per sold room. Available rooms exclude those rooms unavailable for occupancy during the period due to renovation, development, or other requirements. Sold rooms include rooms where the guests do not show up for their stay and lose their deposit. The calculations of the occupancy rate and ADR include the impact of rooms provided on a complimentary basis. Revenue per available room ("RevPAR") represents total hotel revenue per available room and is a representation of the occupancy rate, ADR and miscellaneous hotel sales.

Operating margins: Our management is consistently focused on controlling expenses and finding cost savings, without affecting the quality of the product we offer and our guests’ services and experience. We measure our performance using expense margin, which is a percentage of direct expenses, including labor, cost of product and any other operating expenses related to the gaming, food and beverage, or hotel operation to the net gaming, food and beverage, or hotel revenues. Selling, general and administrative (“SG&A”) margin represents SG&A expenses for a period as a percentage of total net revenue for a period. In managing the food and beverage operation we use Cost Of Goods Sold (“COGS”) percentage, which represents a percentage of product cost to the food and beverage revenue and is a measurement of commodity prices and menu sales prices.

Our management evaluates the KPI as compared to prior periods, the peer group, or market, as well as for any trends.

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic

Monarch’s comparison of operating results for the reported periods were impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic.

Following the reopening of our operations in June 2020 and through the three-month period ended March 31, 2021, we continued to operate under government-imposed capacity restrictions on our operations and various COVID-19 safety protocols. We were continually adjusting our operations to the restrictions in occupancy and social distancing requirements, which included reduced seating at table games and in all restaurants, and a decreased number of active slot machines on the casino floors.

The convention business at Atlantis was adversely affected by the state-mandated gathering limits. Since the reopening, guest visitation and hotel and convention bookings have been and continue to be inconsistent. The demand for convention bookings has been lower than prior to the state-mandated closures, and is expected to remain lower for the near future.

We will continue to evaluate the nature and extent of the impact to our business, results of operations, and financial condition.

Monarch Casino Resort Spa Black Hawk expansion

Our financial results for the three months ended March 31, 2022 benefited from the phased opening of operations at our newly transformed Monarch Black Hawk, which opening started in the fourth quarter of 2020. The new hotel, including a spa and pool on the top floor, was fully operational by the end of the second quarter of 2021. In May 2021, we opened our new poker room. In December 2021, we opened our sportsbook lounge, and in February 2022, our new specialty restaurant. In the first quarter of 2022 compared to the same period in 2021, the average daily number of slot machines had increased by approximately 260, the average daily table games by approximately 13 and the average daily available rooms by approximately 220. In addition, the property’s table games revenue in the current period benefited from the elimination of betting limits and additional table games variety, effective May 2021.

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Comparison of Operating Results for the Three-Month Periods Ended March 31, 2022 and 2021

For the three months ended March 31, 2022, our net income totaled $18.1 million, or $0.92 per diluted share, compared to net income of $8.2 million, or $0.42 per diluted share for the same period in 2021, reflecting a 122.2% and 119.0% increase in net income and diluted earnings per share, respectively. Net revenues in the three months ended March 31, 2022, totaled $108.3 million, an increase of $33.4 million, or 44.5%, compared to the three months ended March 31, 2021. Income from operations for the three months ended March 31, 2022, totaled $21.3 million compared to income from operations of $11.3 million for the same period in 2021.

Casino revenue increased 33.9% in the first quarter of 2022 compared to the first quarter of 2021. The increase in casino revenue was driven primarily by the increase in gaming devices with the complete opening of our expanded casino in Black Hawk, the removal of Colorado table game bet limit and higher guest spend per visit at both properties. Casino operating expense as a percentage of casino revenue increased to 35.6% for the three months ended March 31, 2022, compared to 29.0% for the three months ended March 31, 2021, primarily due to increases in gaming tax expense and labor expense.

Food and beverage revenue for the first quarter of 2022 increased 60.7% compared to the first quarter of 2021 due to a 47.6% increase in food and beverage covers, combined with an increase in food and beverage revenue per cover of 8.9%. The increase in covers is primarily a result of the opening of a new restaurant at Monarch Black Hawk in early 2022 as well as buffet covers in the first quarter of 2021 at both properties being negatively impacted by COVID-19 related restrictions and lower guest demand. Food and beverage operating expense as a percentage of food and beverage revenue decreased in the first quarter of 2022 to 79.6% compared to 87.0% for the same quarter in 2021 primarily due to improvements in labor costs management and higher revenue per cover.

Hotel revenue increased 75.9% in the first quarter of 2022 compared to the same quarter of 2021 as a result of an average daily increase in available rooms by approximately 220, with the staged opening of the hotel at Monarch Black Hawk. Hotel occupancy was 76.5% during the current year period compared to 71.1% during the first quarter of 2021. ADR increased by $59.03 ($170.73 in the first quarter of 2022 and $111.70 in the first quarter of 2021). REVPAR was $142.78 and $86.59 for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively. Hotel operating expense as a percentage of hotel revenue decreased to 38.0% in the first quarter of 2022 compared to 49.2% for the comparable prior year period primarily as a result of the increase in ADR and the ramp-up in hotel operation at Monarch Black Hawk, despite higher housekeeping expenses related to labor shortage and wage pressure.

Other revenue increased 32.4% in the first quarter of 2022 compared to the same prior year period primarily due to the addition of a retail outlet and spa at Monarch Black Hawk.

SG&A expense increased to $24.2 million in the first quarter of 2022 from $19.9 million in the first quarter of 2021 driven primarily by the additional G&A expenses to support the expanded Monarch Black Hawk as well as an increase in overall labor expense. As a percentage of net revenue, SG&A expense decreased to 22.3% in the first quarter of 2022 compared to 26.6% in the same period in 2021.

Depreciation and amortization expense increased to $10.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022, compared to $9.5 million for the same prior year period, due to new assets placed into service with the completed opening of our hotel tower and expanded casino at Monarch Black Hawk.

During the first quarter of 2022, we recognized $1.3 million in professional service fees relating to our construction litigation. During the first quarter of 2021, we recognized $0.6 million in professional service fees relating to our construction litigation; and $0.1 million of equipment, supplies and employee testing expenses directly attributable to the pandemic for reopening of the properties and incremental to normal operations. These expenses are included in Other operating items, net in the Consolidated Statements of Income.

In the first quarter of 2022 we expensed $0.3 million of interest and amortized $0.4 million in deferred loan costs. In the first quarter of 2021, we expensed $1.3 million of interest and amortized $0.3 million in deferred loan costs. See further discussion of our Amended Credit Facility in the LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES section below.

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CAPITAL SPENDING AND DEVELOPMENT

We seek to continually upgrade and maintain our facilities in order to present a fresh, high quality product to our guests.

Cash paid for capital expenditures for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 totaled $22.1 million and $5.9 million, respectively. During the three-month period ended March 31, 2022 our capital expenditures related primarily to: the redesign and upgrade of hotel rooms in the first tower at Atlantis; the completion of the transformation of part of the Monarch Black Hawk legacy facility; and the acquisition of gaming and other equipment to upgrade and replace existing equipment at Atlantis and Monarch Black Hawk. During the three-month period ended March 31, 2021 our capital expenditures related primarily to redesign of part of the legacy Monarch Black Hawk building and the acquisition of gaming and other equipment to upgrade and replace existing equipment at Atlantis and Monarch Black Hawk. Capital expenditures during each of the first three months 2022 and 2021 were funded from operating cash flows.

Monarch Black Hawk Expansion

In 2013, we began work to convert the Monarch Black Hawk into a full-scale casino resort spa. The multi-phased expansion of the Monarch Casino Resort Spa Black Hawk involved construction of a new parking structure beginning in 2016, demolition of the original parking structure in 2017, construction of a new hotel tower and casino expansion and redesign and upgrade of a part of the legacy facility, which were completd in February 2022.

In the fourth quarter of 2020, we began the phased opening of our new hotel tower and casino expansion, which increased the casino space and added a 23-story hotel tower with 516 guest rooms and suites, banquet and meeting room space, a retail store, a concierge lounge, an upscale spa and pool facility located on the top floor of the tower, three new restaurants, and additional bars and lounges. In 2021, we added a poker room, a keno counter, a sportsbook, sports lounge and bar, as well as additional slot machines in the legacy facility. In February 2022, we completed the Monarch Black Hawk expansion with the opening of a new specialty restaurant.

We are confident that the quality of our expanded product and exceptional guest service will meet the demand of the high-end segment of the market and will derive accelerated market share and revenue growth.

LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

Our principal sources of liquidity have been cash provided by operations and, for capital expansion projects, borrowings available under our Amended Credit Facility.

For the three months ended March 31, 2022, net cash provided by operating activities totaled $35.4 million, compared to net cash provided by operating activities of $21.9 million in the same prior year period. This increase was primarily a result of increases in net income, and depreciation expense, as we continue to place in service new assets until the full completion of the Monarch Black Hawk expansion, combined with a decrease in working capital.

Net cash used in investing activities totaled $22.1 million and $5.9 million during the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively. Net cash used in investing activities during the first three months of 2022 consisted primarily of cash used for the redesign and upgrade of hotel rooms in the first tower at Atlantis, the transformation of part of the Monarch Black Hawk legacy facility and for acquisition of gaming and other equipment at both properties. Net cash used in investing activities during the first three months of 2021 consisted primarily of cash used for redesign of part of the legacy Monarch Black Hawk building and for acquisition of gaming and other equipment at both properties.

Net cash used in financing activities in the first three months of 2022 totaled $13.8 million and consisted of $10.0 million in principal payments on the credit facility and $6.5 million cash used for purchase of Company stock under the Repurchase Plan partially offset by $2.7 million of net proceeds from stock options exercise. Net cash used in financing activities in the first three months of 2021 totaled $20.1 million and consisted of $22.5 million principal payments on the credit facility partially offset by $2.4 million proceeds from the stock options exercise.

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Amended Credit Facility

On September 3, 2020, we entered into the Fourth Amended and Restated Credit Agreement with Wells Fargo Bank, N.A., as administrative agent and certain banks (the “Fourth Amended Credit Facility”). On April 30, 2021, we entered into an amendment to the Fourth Amended Credit Facility (defined above and hereafter, inclusive of all amendments, as the “Amended Credit Facility”).

The maturity date of the Amended Credit Facility is September 3, 2023. The Amended Credit Facility increases the aggregate principal amount of the credit facilities to $270 million. The $270 million Amended Credit Facility consists of a $200 million term loan (“Term Loan Facility”) and a $70 million revolving credit facility (“Revolving Credit Facility”), together with an option to increase the facility by up to an additional $75 million Revolving Credit Facility.

As of March 31, 2022, we had an outstanding principal balance of $80 million under the Term Loan Facility, a $0.6 million letter of credit and no borrowings under the Revolving Credit Facility; $69.4 million remained available for borrowing.

We are required to make quarterly principal payments under the Term Loan Facility on each Term Loan Installment Date, commencing on December 31, 2020, in an amount equal to (x) the percentage set forth opposite the applicable period during which such Term Loan Installment Date occurs (i.e., 1.25% for the period from December 31, 2020 to September 30, 2021, and 2.50% for the period from December 31, 2021 and thereafter) multiplied by (y) $200 million. The estimated amount of the mandatory principal payments due in the next twelve months is $20 million.

Commencing with the delivery of the compliance certificate for fiscal year 2022, we may be required to prepay borrowings under the Amended Credit Facility using excess cash flows for each fiscal year, depending on the Company’s leverage ratio.

Borrowings are secured by liens on substantially all of our real and personal property.

In addition to other customary covenants for a facility of this nature, as of March 31, 2022, we are required to maintain a Total Leverage Ratio (as defined in the Amended Credit Facility) of no more than 4.0:1 and Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio (as defined in the Amended Credit Facility) of at least 1.15:1. As of March 31, 2022, our Total Leverage Ratio and Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio were 0.5:1 and 4.7:1, respectively.

As of March 31, 2022, the interest rate under the Amended Credit Facility is LIBOR plus a margin ranging from 1.00% to 2.00%, or a base rate (as defined in the Amended Credit Facility) plus a margin ranging from 0.00% to 1.00%, or the Prime Rate. The applicable margins vary depending on the Company’s leverage ratio. Commitment fees are equal to the daily average unused revolving commitment multiplied by the commitment fee percentage, ranging from 0.175% to 0.325%, based on our leverage ratio. As of March 31, 2022, the interest rate on the Term Loan Facility was 1.11%, or LIBOR plus a 1.00% margin.

On the terms and subject to some conditions, we may, at any time before the maturity date, request an increase of the Revolving Credit Facility, provided that each such increase is equal to $15 million or an integral multiple of $1 million in excess and, after giving effect to the requested increase, the aggregate amount of the increases in the total revolving loan commitment shall not exceed $75 million.

We may prepay borrowings under the Amended Credit Facility revolving loan without penalty (subject to certain conditions and certain charges applicable to the prepayment of LIBOR borrowings prior to the end of the applicable interest period). Once reduced or cancelled, the Revolving Credit Facility may not be increased or reinstated without the prior written consent of all lenders. During the first three months of 2022, we made $5 million in optional prepayments on the Term Loan Facility in addition to a $5 million in mandatory payments.

As of March 31, 2022, $58.5 million “Long-term debt, net” in the Company’s consolidated balance sheet represents the $80.0 million outstanding loan amount under the Amended Credit Facility, net of $1.5 million unamortized debt issuance costs and $20.0 million mandatory principal payment that are due in the next twelve months and are presented as “Current portion of long-term debt” in the Current liabilities section of the Company’s consolidated balance sheets.

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We believe that our anticipated operating cash flow and the $69.4 million available under our Amended Credit Facility as of March 31, 2022 will be sufficient to sustain operations for the twelve months from filing of Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2022 and fulfill our capital expenditure plans. However, spikes in COVID-19 cases or new variants thereof or financial, economic, competitive, regulatory, and other factors, many of which are beyond our control, could negatively impact our operations. If we are unable to generate sufficient cash flow in the upcoming months or if our cash needs exceed our borrowing capacity under the Amended Credit Facility, we could be required to adopt one or more alternatives, such as reducing, delaying or eliminating planned capital expenditures, selling assets, restructuring debt or issuing additional equity.

For a discussion regarding our material commitments for capital expenditures, see the CAPITAL SPENDING AND DEVELOPMENT section above.

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES

A description of our critical accounting policies and estimates can be found in Item 7 — “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” of our 2021 Form 10-K. For a more extensive discussion of our accounting policies, see Note 1. “Summary of Significant Accounting Policies” in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in our 2021 Form 10-K filed with the SEC on February 28, 2022.

ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

Market risk is the risk of loss arising from adverse changes in interest rates, foreign currency exchange rates and commodity prices. Our current primary market risk exposure is interest rate risk relating to the impact of interest rate movements under our Amended Credit Facility.

As of March 31, 2022, we had $80 million of outstanding balance under our Amended Credit Facility. A hypothetical 1% increase in the interest rate on the balance outstanding under the Amended Credit Facility at March 31, 2022 would have resulted in a change in our annual interest cost of approximately $0.8 million. See “Liquidity and Capital Resources” for further discussion of our Amended Credit Facility and capital structure.

We have not entered into derivative financial instruments for trading or speculative purposes.

We do not have any cash or cash equivalents as of March 31, 2022 that are subject to market risk.

ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

As of the end of the period covered by this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (the “Evaluation Date”), an evaluation was carried out by our management, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Accounting Officer, of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined by Rule 13a-15(e) under the Exchange Act). Based upon the evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Accounting Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of the Evaluation Date. During the quarter ended March 31, 2022, there were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting that have materially affected or are reasonably likely to materially affect our internal control over financial reporting.

PART II — OTHER INFORMATION

ITEM 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

The information set forth in Note 9 "Legal Matters” to our consolidated financial statements in Part I, Item 1 of this Form 10-Q is incorporated by reference herein.

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

There have been no material changes to the risk factors we previously disclosed in Item 1A of our 2021 Form 10-K.

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We encourage investors to review the risks and uncertainties relating to our business disclosed under the heading Risk Factors or otherwise in the 2021 Form 10-K, as well as those contained in Part I - Forward-Looking Statements thereof, as revised or supplemented by our Quarterly Reports filed with the SEC since the filing of the 2021 Form 10-K.

ITEM 2. UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS

The following table presents the number and average price of shares purchased in each fiscal month of the first quarter of fiscal 2022:

    

Total number of shares purchased (1)

    

Average price paid per share (2)

Total number of shares purchased as part of publicly announced plans or programs (1) (2)

Maximum number of shares that may yet be purchased under the plans or programs (2)

January 1,2022 - January 31, 2022

100,000

$

65.00

100,000

2,900,000

February 1,2022 - February 28, 2022

 

2,900,000

March 1,2022 - March 31, 2022

 

2,900,000

Total

100,000

$

65.00

100,000

2,900,000

(1)This amount represents a repurchase pursuant to our Repurchase Plan, see Note 8. STOCK REPURCHASE PLAN.
(2)On January 19, 2022, under the authority of the Repurchase Plan, the Company purchased 100,000 shares for $6.5 million in a privately negotiated transaction.

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ITEM 6. EXHIBITS

Exhibit No

    

Description

31.1*

Certification of Principal Executive Officer Pursuant to Exchange Act Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a) as Adopted Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

31.2*

Certification of Principal Financial Officer Pursuant to Exchange Act Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a) as Adopted Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

32.1**

Certification of Principal Executive Officer, Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

32.2**

Certification of Principal Financial Officer, Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

101.INS*

Inline XBRL Instance - the instance document does not appear in the Interactive Data File because its XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document

101.SCH*

Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema

101.CAL*

Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation

101.DEF*

Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition

101.LAB*

Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Labels

101.PRE*

104

Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation

Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted in Inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101)

* Filed herewith.

** Furnished herewith

SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

MONARCH CASINO & RESORT, INC.

(Registrant)

Date: May 6, 2022

By:

/s/ EDWIN S. KOENIG

Edwin S. Koenig, Chief Accounting Officer

(Principal Financial and Accounting Officer and Duly Authorized Officer)

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