Company Quick10K Filing
Ramaco Resources
Price3.78 EPS1
Shares41 P/E6
MCap155 P/FCF6
Net Debt11 EBIT32
TEV166 TEV/EBIT5
TTM 2019-09-30, in MM, except price, ratios
10-Q 2020-03-31 Filed 2020-05-12
10-K 2019-12-31 Filed 2020-02-20
10-Q 2019-09-30 Filed 2019-11-05
10-Q 2019-06-30 Filed 2019-08-13
10-Q 2019-03-31 Filed 2019-05-07
10-K 2018-12-31 Filed 2019-03-19
10-Q 2018-09-30 Filed 2018-11-07
10-Q 2018-06-30 Filed 2018-08-06
10-Q 2018-03-31 Filed 2018-05-15
10-K 2017-12-31 Filed 2018-03-21
10-Q 2017-09-30 Filed 2017-11-08
10-Q 2017-06-30 Filed 2017-08-14
10-Q 2017-03-31 Filed 2017-05-10
10-K 2016-12-31 Filed 2017-03-28
8-K 2020-06-26 Shareholder Vote
8-K 2020-05-12
8-K 2020-04-27
8-K 2020-04-15
8-K 2020-02-20
8-K 2019-12-10
8-K 2019-11-05
8-K 2019-09-24
8-K 2019-08-13
8-K 2019-06-25
8-K 2019-05-07
8-K 2019-04-29
8-K 2019-03-19
8-K 2019-02-20
8-K 2018-12-04
8-K 2018-11-07
8-K 2018-11-05
8-K 2018-11-02
8-K 2018-09-11
8-K 2018-08-06
8-K 2018-06-11
8-K 2018-05-15
8-K 2018-03-21
8-K 2018-02-22
8-K 2018-01-19

METC 10Q Quarterly Report

Part I - Financial Information
Item 1. Financial Statements
Note 1—Description of Business
Note 2—Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Note 3—Property, Plant and Equipment
Note 4—Debt
Note 5—Equity
Note 6—Commitments and Contingencies
Note 7—Revenue
Note 8—Income Taxes
Note 9—Earnings per Share
Note 10—Related Party Transactions
Note 11—Subsequent Events
Item 2. Management’S Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Part II. Other Information
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Item 6. Exhibits
EX-31.1 metc-20200331ex311a8a9c9.htm
EX-31.2 metc-20200331ex312248620.htm
EX-32.1 metc-20200331ex321b993c7.htm
EX-32.2 metc-20200331ex32205a8a7.htm
EX-95.1 metc-20200331ex951364a22.htm

Ramaco Resources Earnings 2020-03-31

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow
230184138924602017201820192020
Assets, Equity
705438226-102017201820192020
Rev, G Profit, Net Income
3524132-9-202017201820192020
Ops, Inv, Fin

10-Q 1 metc-20200331x10q.htm 10-Q metc_Current_Folio_10Q

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

 

 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended March  31, 2020

or

 

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from                 to

Commission File Number: 001‑38003

RAMACO RESOURCES, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

Delaware

38‑4018838

(State or other jurisdiction

(I.R.S. Employer

of incorporation or organization)

Identification No.)

 

 

250 West Main Street, Suite 1800

 

Lexington, Kentucky

40507

(Address of principal executive offices)

(Zip code)

 

 

(859) 244‑7455

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Title of each class

    

Trading Symbol(s)

    

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common Stock, $0.01 par value

 

METC

 

NASDAQ Global Select Market

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes  ☒    No  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes  ☒    No  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b‑2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer

Accelerated filer

Non-accelerated filer

Smaller reporting company

Emerging growth company

 

 

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☒

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b‑2 of the Exchange Act). Yes  ☐    No  ☒

As of May 12, 2020, the registrant had 42,713,347 shares of common stock outstanding.

 

 

 

2

CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This Quarterly Report on Form 10‑Q (the “Quarterly Report”) includes “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”) and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). All statements, other than statements of historical fact included in this report, regarding our strategy, future operations, financial position, estimated revenue, projected costs, prospects, plans and objectives of management are forward-looking statements. When used in this Quarterly Report, the words “could,” “believe,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “estimate,” “expect,” “project” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements, although not all forward-looking statements contain such identifying words. These forward-looking statements are based on management’s current expectations and assumptions about future events and are based on currently available information as to the outcome and timing of future events. When considering forward-looking statements, you should keep in mind the risk factors and other cautionary statements described under, but not limited to, the heading “Item 1A. Risk Factors” included in this report and elsewhere in the Annual Report of Ramaco Resources, Inc. (the “Company”) on Form 10‑K for the year ended December 31, 2019 (the “Annual Report”) and other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”).

Forward-looking statements may include statements about:

·

risks related to the impact of the COVID-19 global pandemic, such as the scope and duration of the outbreak, the health and safety of our employees, government actions and restrictive measures implemented in response, delays and cancellations of customer sales, supply chain disruptions and other impacts to the business, or our ability to execute our business continuity plans;

·

anticipated production levels, costs, sales volumes and revenue;

·

timing for completion of major capital projects;

·

economic conditions in the metallurgical coal and steel industries generally, including any near-term or long-term downturn in these industries as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic and related actions;

·

expected costs to develop planned and future mining operations, including the costs to construct necessary processing and transport facilities;

·

estimated quantities or quality of our metallurgical coal reserves;

·

our ability to obtain additional financing on favorable terms, if required, to complete the acquisition of additional metallurgical coal reserves as currently contemplated or to fund the operations and growth of our business;

·

maintenance, operating or other expenses or changes in the timing thereof;

·

financial condition and liquidity of our customers;

·

competition in coal markets;

·

the price of metallurgical coal and/or thermal coal;

·

compliance with stringent domestic and foreign laws and regulations, including environmental, climate change and health and safety regulations, and permitting requirements, as well as changes in the regulatory environment, the adoption of new or revised laws, regulations and permitting requirements;

·

potential legal proceedings and regulatory inquiries against us;

·

the impact of weather and natural disasters on demand, production and transportation;

·

purchases by major customers and our ability to renew sales contracts;

·

credit and performance risks associated with customers, suppliers, contract miners, co-shippers and trading, banks and other financial counterparties;

·

geologic, equipment, permitting, site access and operational risks and new technologies related to mining;

·

transportation availability, performance and costs;

·

availability, timing of delivery and costs of key supplies, capital equipment or commodities such as diesel fuel, steel, explosives and tires;

·

timely review and approval of permits, permit renewals, extensions and amendments by regulatory authorities;

·

our expectations relating to dividend payments and our ability to make such payments; and

·

other risks identified in this Quarterly Report that are not historical.

 

3

We caution you that these forward-looking statements are subject to a number of risks, uncertainties and assumptions, which are difficult to predict and many of which are beyond our control, incident to the development, production, gathering and sale of coal. Moreover, we operate in a very competitive and rapidly changing environment and new risks emerge from time to time. It is not possible for our management to predict all risks, nor can we assess the impact of all factors on our business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements we may make. Although we believe that our plans, intentions and expectations reflected in or suggested by the forward-looking statements we make in this Quarterly Report are reasonable, we can give no assurance that these plans, intentions or expectations will be achieved or occur, and actual results could differ materially and adversely from those anticipated or implied in the forward-looking statements. Given these risks and uncertainties, investors should not place undue reliance on forward-looking statements as a prediction of actual results.

All forward-looking statements, expressed or implied, included in this report are expressly qualified in their entirety by this cautionary statement and speak only as of the date of this Quarterly Report. This cautionary statement should also be considered in connection with any subsequent written or oral forward-looking statements that we or persons acting on our behalf may issue.

Except as otherwise required by applicable law, we disclaim any duty to update any forward-looking statements, all of which are expressly qualified by the statements in this section, to reflect events or circumstances after the date of this report.

4

PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.         Financial Statements

Ramaco Resources, Inc.

Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In thousands, except share and per share amounts

    

March 31, 2020

    

December 31, 2019

    

Assets

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

Current assets:

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

15,319

 

$

5,532

 

Accounts receivable

 

 

14,420

 

 

19,256

 

Inventories

 

 

23,458

 

 

15,261

 

Prepaid expenses and other

 

 

4,943

 

 

4,274

 

Total current assets

 

 

58,140

 

 

44,323

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Property, plant and equipment – net

 

 

181,896

 

 

178,202

 

Advanced coal royalties

 

 

3,640

 

 

3,271

 

Other

 

 

983

 

 

1,017

 

Total Assets

 

$

244,659

 

$

226,813

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

$

13,099

 

$

10,663

 

Accrued expenses

 

 

11,484

 

 

11,740

 

Asset retirement obligations

 

 

361

 

 

19

 

Current portion of long-term debt

 

 

3,333

 

 

3,333

 

Other

 

 

375

 

 

656

 

Total current liabilities

 

 

28,652

 

 

26,411

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Asset retirement obligations

 

 

14,394

 

 

14,586

 

Long-term debt, net

 

 

22,295

 

 

9,614

 

Deferred tax liability

 

 

5,375

 

 

5,265

 

Other long-term liabilities

 

 

975

 

 

854

 

Total liabilities

 

 

71,691

 

 

56,730

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commitments and contingencies

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders' Equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock, $0.01 par value, 50,000,000 shares authorized, none issued and outstanding

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

Common stock, $0.01 par value, 260,000,000 shares authorized, 42,664,327 and 40,933,831 shares issued and outstanding, respectively

 

 

427

 

 

410

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

 

155,863

 

 

154,957

 

Retained earnings

 

 

16,678

 

 

14,716

 

Total stockholders' equity

 

 

172,968

 

 

170,083

 

Total Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity

 

$

244,659

 

$

226,813

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

5

Ramaco Resources, Inc.

Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three months ended March 31, 

 

In thousands, except per share amounts

    

2020

    

2019

    

Revenue

 

$

41,935

 

$

57,460

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Costs and expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of sales (exclusive of items shown separately below)

 

 

30,934

 

 

41,006

 

Asset retirement obligation accretion

 

 

141

 

 

128

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

5,002

 

 

4,116

 

Selling, general and administrative

 

 

4,717

 

 

3,960

 

Total costs and expenses

 

 

40,794

 

 

49,210

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating income

 

 

1,141

 

 

8,250

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other income

 

 

1,210

 

 

298

 

Interest expense, net

 

 

(279)

 

 

(307)

 

Income before tax

 

 

2,072

 

 

8,241

 

Income tax expense

 

 

110

 

 

1,358

 

Net income

 

$

1,962

 

$

6,883

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earnings per common share

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

$

0.05

 

$

0.17

 

Diluted

 

$

0.05

 

$

0.17

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic weighted average shares outstanding

 

 

41,760

 

 

40,604

 

Diluted weighted average shares outstanding

 

 

41,760

 

 

40,652

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

6

Ramaco Resources, Inc.

Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Additional

 

Retained

 

Total 

 

 

Common

 

Paid-

 

Earnings

 

Stockholders'

In thousands

    

Stock

    

in Capital

    

(Deficit)

    

Equity

Balance at January 1, 2020

 

$

410

 

$

154,957

 

$

14,716

 

$

170,083

Stock-based compensation

 

 

17

 

 

906

 

 

 —

 

 

923

Net income

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

1,962

 

 

1,962

Balance at March 31, 2020

 

$

427

 

$

155,863

 

$

16,678

 

$

172,968

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at January 1, 2019

 

$

401

 

$

150,926

 

$

(10,218)

 

$

141,109

Stock-based compensation

 

 

 7

 

 

887

 

 

 —

 

 

894

Net income

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

6,883

 

 

6,883

Balance at March 31, 2019

 

$

408

 

$

151,813

 

$

(3,335)

 

$

148,886

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7

Ramaco Resources, Inc.

Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three months ended March 31, 

In thousands

    

2020

    

2019

Cash flows from operating activities

 

 

  

 

 

  

Net income

 

$

1,962

 

$

6,883

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash from operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accretion of asset retirement obligations

 

 

141

 

 

128

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

5,002

 

 

4,116

Amortization of debt issuance costs

 

 

14

 

 

14

Stock-based compensation

 

 

923

 

 

894

Deferred income taxes

 

 

110

 

 

1,341

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts receivable

 

 

4,836

 

 

(16,556)

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

 

(554)

 

 

1,010

Inventories

 

 

(8,197)

 

 

(842)

Other assets and liabilities

 

 

(214)

 

 

63

Accounts payable

 

 

2,649

 

 

(4,159)

Accrued expenses

 

 

(256)

 

 

1,031

Net cash from operating activities

 

 

6,416

 

 

(6,077)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flow from investing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchases of property, plant and equipment

 

 

(8,900)

 

 

(8,199)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from borrowings

 

 

22,200

 

 

26,500

Repayment of borrowings

 

 

(9,533)

 

 

(17,251)

Repayments of financed insurance payable

 

 

(281)

 

 

(171)

Net cash from financing activities

 

 

12,386

 

 

9,078

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net change in cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash

 

 

9,902

 

 

(5,198)

Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of period

 

 

6,865

 

 

7,380

Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period

 

$

16,767

 

$

2,182

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Supplemental cash flow information:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash paid for interest

 

$

242

 

$

249

Cash paid for taxes

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

Non-cash investing and financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Capital expenditures included in accounts payable and accrued expenses

 

 

2,689

 

 

4,332

Additional asset retirement obligations incurred

 

 

 9

 

 

43

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

8

Ramaco Resources, Inc.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

NOTE 1—DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS

Ramaco Resources, Inc. (“the Company,” “we,” “us,” “our,”) is a Delaware corporation formed in October 2016. Our principal corporate offices are located in Lexington, Kentucky. We are an operator and developer of high-quality, low-cost metallurgical coal in southern West Virginia, southwestern Virginia, and southwestern Pennsylvania.

NOTE 2—SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Basis of Presentation—These interim financial statements are unaudited and have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) regarding interim financial reporting. Certain disclosures have been condensed or omitted from these financial statements. Accordingly, they do not include all the information and notes required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) for complete consolidated financial statements, and should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in our Annual Report on Form 10‑K for the year ended December 31, 2019.

In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring adjustments, necessary to fairly present the financial position as of, and the results of operations for, all periods presented. In preparing the accompanying financial statements, management has made certain estimates and assumptions that affect reported amounts in the condensed consolidated financial statements and disclosures of contingencies. Actual results may differ from those estimates. The results for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of annual results. Certain reclassifications have been made to the prior period’s consolidated financial statements and related footnotes to conform them to the current period presentation. Intercompany balances and transactions between consolidated entities are eliminated.

Cash and Cash Equivalents—We classify all highly-liquid instruments with an original maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents. Restricted cash balances were $1.4 million at March 31, 2020 and $1.3 million at December 31, 2019, consisted of funds held in escrow for potential future workers’ compensation claims and were classified in other current assets in the consolidated balance sheets.

Self-Insurance—We are self-insured for certain losses relating to workers’ compensation claims. We purchase insurance coverage to reduce our exposure to significant levels of these claims. Self-insured losses are accrued based upon estimates of the aggregate liability for uninsured claims incurred as of the balance sheet date using current and historical claims experience and certain actuarial assumptions. At March  31, 2020,  the estimated aggregate liability for uninsured claims totaled $1.2 million.  Of this, $0.9 million is included in other long-term liabilities within the consolidated balance sheets. At December 31, 2019, the estimated aggregate liability for uninsured claims totaled $1.0 million including $0.7 included in other long-term liabilities.  These estimates are subject to uncertainty due to a variety of factors, including extended lag times in the reporting and resolution of claims, and trends or changes in claim settlement patterns, insurance industry practices and legal interpretations. As a result, actual costs could differ significantly from the estimated amounts. Adjustments to estimated liabilities are recorded in the period in which the change in estimate occurs. 

Financial Instruments—Our financial assets and liabilities consist of cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable and notes payable. The fair values of these instruments approximate their carrying amounts at each reporting date.

Nonrecurring fair value measurements include asset retirement obligations, the estimated fair value of which is calculated as the present value of estimated cash flows related to its reclamation liabilities using Level 3 inputs. The significant inputs used to calculate such liabilities include estimates of costs to be incurred, our credit adjusted discount rate, inflation rates and estimated date of reclamation.

9

Concentrations—During the three months ended March  31, 2020, sales to three customers accounted for approximately 39%,  18% and 16% of our total revenue, respectively, aggregating approximately 73% of our total revenue. The balance due from these three customers at March  31, 2020 was approximately 69% of total accounts receivable. During the three months ended March  31, 2019 sales to three customers accounted for approximately 55% of total revenue.

Recent Accounting PronouncementsIn June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments—Credit Losses, which replaces the existing incurred loss impairment model with a methodology that reflects expected credit losses and requires consideration of a broader range of reasonable and supportable information to inform credit loss estimates. We adopted this standard effective January 1, 2020. The adoption of this ASU did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

 

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-15, Internal-Use Software, which addresses the accounting for implementation costs associated with a hosted service. The standard provides that implementation costs be evaluated for capitalization using the same criteria as that used for internal-use software development costs, with amortization expense being recorded in the same income statement expense line as the hosted service costs and over the expected term of the hosting arrangement. We adopted this standard as of January 1, 2020 on a prospective basis. The adoption of this ASU did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

 

In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-12, Income Taxes, which enhances and simplifies various aspects of the income tax accounting guidance, including requirements such as tax basis step-up in goodwill obtained in a transaction that is not a business combination, ownership changes in investments, and interim-period accounting for enacted changes in tax law. The standard will be effective for us in the first quarter of our fiscal year 2021. We do not expect that the adoption of this ASU will have a significant impact on our consolidated financial statements.

 

NOTE 3—PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT

Property, plant and equipment consisted of the following:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(In thousands)

    

March 31, 2020

    

December 31, 2019

 

Plant and equipment

 

$

145,347

 

$

142,773

 

Construction in process

 

 

14,144

 

 

11,986

 

Capitalized mine development cost

 

 

62,737

 

 

58,773

 

Less: accumulated depreciation and amortization

 

 

(40,332)

 

 

(35,330)

 

Total property, plant and equipment, net

 

$

181,896

 

$

178,202

 

 

Capitalized amounts related to coal reserves at properties where we are not currently engaged in mining operations totaled $14.6 million as of March  31, 2020 and $12.7 million as of December 31, 2019.

 

Depreciation and amortization included:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three months ended March 31, 

(In thousands)

    

2020

    

2019

Depreciation of plant and equipment

 

$

4,175

 

$

3,019

Amortization of capitalized

 

 

 

 

 

 

mine development costs

 

 

827

 

 

1,097

Total depreciation and amortization

 

$

5,002

 

$

4,116

 

 

NOTE 4—DEBT

On November 2, 2018, we entered into a Credit and Security Agreement (as amended, the “Revolving Credit
Facility”) with KeyBank National Association (“KeyBank”).  The Revolving Credit Facility was amended on February 20, 2020 and consists of a $10.0 million term loan (the “Term Loan”) and up to $30.0 million
revolving line of credit,

10

including $3.0 million letter of credit availability. All personal property assets, including, but not limited to accounts receivable, coal inventory and certain surface mining equipment are pledged to secure the Revolving Credit Facility.  

 

The Revolving Credit Facility has a maturity date of December 31, 2023 and bears interest based on LIBOR + 2.0% or Base Rate + 1.5%. Base Rate is the highest of (i) KeyBank’s prime rate, (ii) Federal Funds Effective Rate + 0.5%, or (iii) LIBOR + 2.0%.  Advances under the Revolving Credit Facility are made initially as base rate loans, but may be converted to LIBOR rate loans at certain times at our discretion. As of March 31, 2020,  $16.5 million was outstanding on the Revolving Credit Facility and we had remaining availability of $13.5 million.

 

The Term Loan is secured under a Master Security Agreement with a pledge of certain underground and surface mining equipment,  bears interest at LIBOR + 5.15% and is required to be repaid in monthly installments of $278 thousand including accrued interest. The outstanding principal balance of the Term Loan was $9.1 million at March 31, 2020. 

 

The Revolving Credit Facility contains usual and customary covenants including limitations on liens, additional indebtedness, investments, restricted payments, asset sales, mergers, affiliate transactions and other customary limitations, as well as financial covenants. As of March  31, 2020,  we were in compliance with all debt covenants.

 

NOTE 5—EQUITY

Stock-Based Compensation

We have a stock-based compensation plan under which stock options, restricted stock, performance shares and other stock-based awards may be granted. At March  31, 2020, 3.3 million shares were available under the current plan for future awards.

Stock Options—Options for the purchase of a total of 937,424 shares of our common stock for $5.34 per share were granted to two executives on August 31, 2016. The options have a ten-year term from the grant date and are fully vested.  The options remain outstanding and unexercised and were not in-the-money at March 31, 2020.

Restricted Stock—We grant shares of restricted stock to certain senior executives, key employees and directors. The shares vest over up to four years from the date of grant. During the vesting period, the participants have voting rights and may receive dividends, but the shares may not be sold, assigned, transferred, pledged or otherwise encumbered. Additionally, granted but unvested shares are forfeited upon termination of employment, unless an employee enters into another written arrangement. The fair value of the restricted shares on the date of the grant is amortized ratably over the service period. Compensation expense related to these awards totaled $0.9 million for the three months ended March  31, 2020. As of March  31, 2020, there was $8.8 million of total unrecognized compensation cost related to unvested restricted stock to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 2.3 years.

The following table summarizes restricted awards outstanding, as well as activity for the period:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    

 

    

Weighted

 

 

 

 

Average Grant

 

 

Shares

 

Date Fair Value

Outstanding at December 31, 2019

 

1,628,241

 

$

6.32

Granted

 

1,714,152

 

 

3.06

Vested

 

 —

 

 

 —

Forfeited

 

 —

 

 

 —

Outstanding at March 31, 2020

 

3,342,393

 

$

4.65

 

 

NOTE 6—COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

Surety Bonds—As of March 31, 2020,  we had total reclamation bonding requirements of $13.3 million which were supported by surety bonds. Additionally, we had $0.3 million of surety bonds that secured performance obligations.

11

Purchase Commitments—We secure the ability to transport coal through rail contracts and export terminals that are sometimes funded through take-or-pay arrangements. As of March  31, 2020,  commitments under take-or-pay arrangements totaled $5.1 million through March 31, 2021.

Litigation—From time to time, the Company may be subject to various litigation and other claims in the normal course of business. No amounts have been accrued in the consolidated financial statements with respect to any matters.

On November 5, 2018, one of three raw coal storage silos that fed our Elk Creek plant experienced a partial structural failure. A temporary conveying system completed in late-November 2018 restored approximately 80% of the plant capacity. We completed a permanent belt workaround and restored the preparation plant to its full processing capacity in mid-2019. Our insurance carrier, Federal Insurance Company, disputed our claim for coverage based on certain exclusions to the applicable policy and therefore on August 21, 2019 we filed suit against Federal Insurance Company and Chubb INA Holdings, Inc. in Logan County Circuit Court in West Virginia seeking a declaratory judgment that the partial silo collapse was an insurable event and to require coverage under our policy.  Defendants removed the case to the United States District Court for the Southern District of West Virginia, and upon removal, we substituted ACE American Insurance Company as a defendant in place of Chubb INA Holdings, Inc.  Currently, the case is in the discovery phase and is scheduled for trial beginning December 8, 2020, in Charleston, WV. 

NOTE 7—REVENUE

Our revenue is derived from contracts for the sale of coal which is recognized at the point in time control is transferred to our customer. Generally, domestic sales contracts have terms of about one year and the pricing is typically fixed. Export sales have spot or term contracts and pricing can either be by fixed-price or a price derived against index-based pricing mechanisms. Sales completed with delivery to an export terminal are reported as export revenue. Disaggregated information about our revenue is presented below:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three months ended March 31, 

(In thousands)

    

2020

    

2019

Coal Sales

 

 

  

 

 

  

Domestic revenues

 

$

30,532

 

$

36,571

Export revenues

 

 

11,403

 

 

20,889

Total revenues

 

$

41,935

 

$

57,460

 

As of March  31, 2020, we had outstanding performance obligations for the remainder of 2020 of approximately 1.1 million tons for contracts with fixed sales prices. As further discussed in Note 11, volumes under these contracts may be delayed or curtailed due to COVID-19.

 

NOTE 8—INCOME TAXES

Income tax provisions for interim quarterly periods are generally based on an estimated annual effective income tax rate calculated separately from the effect of significant, infrequent or unusual items related specifically to interim periods. We used a discrete effective tax rate to calculate taxes for the three months ended March 31, 2020 since small changes in estimated income would result in significant changes in the estimated annual effective income tax rate.

 

The effective tax rate for the three months ended March  31, 2020 was 5%, compared to 16% for the three months ended March  31, 2019. The primary difference from the federal statutory rate of 21% is related to state taxes, permanent differences for non-deductible expenses and the difference in depletion expense between U.S. GAAP and federal income tax purposes.

 

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NOTE 9—EARNINGS PER SHARE

The following is the computation of basic and diluted EPS:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three months ended March 31, 

 

(In thousands, except per share amounts)

    

2020

    

2019

 

Numerator

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

Net income

 

$

1,962

 

$

6,883

 

Denominator

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average shares used to compute basic EPS

 

 

41,760

 

 

40,604

 

Dilutive effect of share-based awards

 

 

 —

 

 

48

 

Weighted average shares used to compute diluted EPS

 

 

41,760

 

 

40,652

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earnings per share

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

$

0.05

 

$

0.17

 

Diluted

 

$

0.05

 

$

0.17

 

 

Diluted EPS for the three months ended March  31, 2020 excludes 937,424 options to purchase our common stock because their effect would be anti-dilutive.

 

 

 

NOTE 10—RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

Mineral Lease and Surface Rights Agreements—Much of the coal reserves and surface rights that we control were acquired through a series of mineral leases and surface rights agreements with Ramaco Coal, LLC, a related party. Production royalty payables totaling $0.4 million and $0.5 million at March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively, were included in accounts payable in the condensed consolidated balance sheet. Royalties paid to Ramaco Coal, LLC in the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 totaled $1.2 million and $1.3 million, respectively.  

 

NOTE 11—SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

Response to the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Pandemic on Our Business—On March 11, 2020, the
World Health Organization declared the current COVID-19 outbreak to be a global pandemic, and on March 13, 2020,
the United States declared a national emergency.  The impact of COVID-19 on our business is currently unknown. In an effort to contain COVID-19 or slow its spread, governments around the world have enacted various measures, including orders to close all businesses not deemed “essential,” isolate residents to their homes or places of residence and practice social distancing when engaging in essential activities. These actions and the global health crisis caused by COVID-19 have created significant volatility, uncertainty and economic disruption.

We have observed declining demand and spot price reductions for metallurgical coal as business and consumer activity decelerates across the globe. This weakness limited our ability to complete spot sales in the first quarter, leading to an increase in our inventories. We are not able to estimate the impact that lower demand or spot pricing may have on our business but expect that spot pricing and demand will remain weak through at least the second quarter of 2020.

Two customers have notified us that their contractual obligations for purchases of metallurgical coal from us may be delayed or curtailed because of COVID-19. These two customers accounted for approximately 56% of our total revenue during the three months ended March 31, 2020. Based on the current environment, we estimate that a portion of our contractual commitments for the remainder of the year could be delayed or curtailed.

In response, we have taken steps to limit our production in the near-term. Effective April 1, 2020, out of an abundance of caution and to minimize the economic impact to our business, we took the following actions:

·

We implemented a roughly two-week operational furlough of 182 employees at the Elk Creek mining complex in West Virginia. The Elk Creek prep plant remained fully operational to process coal.  Our Berwind mine and the Knox Creek prep plant remained open;

13

·

We temporarily reduced the salaries of certain executives, including our named executive officers, by 30% beginning April 1, 2020, and we deferred payment of cash bonuses for these individuals for an indefinite period; and

·

We reduced or deferred non-essential capital expenditures to adapt to the current market conditions.

 

We began to partially reopen the furloughed Elk Creek complex operations and recalled approximately one-third of our furloughed workforce during the week of April 20, 2020. We recalled all furloughed employees by May 1, 2020. 

To date we have not had any significant issues with critical suppliers, but we continue to communicate with them and closely monitor their developments to ensure we have access to the goods and services required to maintain our operations.

We will continue to actively monitor the situation and may take further actions altering our business operations that we determine are in the best interests of our employees, customers, suppliers, and stakeholders, or as required by federal, state, or local authorities. Additional measures we may take could include extensions of operational furloughs and temporary salary reductions for certain executives, staffing reductions and idling or realignment of additional mines as conditions might dictate. It is not clear what the potential effects any such alterations or modifications may have on our business. The effects on our results in our second quarter and other future periods could be much more significant and cannot currently be quantified.

SBA Paycheck Protection Program LoanOn April 20, 2020, we received proceeds from a loan in the amount of approximately $8.4 million (the “PPP Loan”) from KeyBank, as lender, pursuant to the Paycheck Protection Program (“PPP”) of the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (the “CARES Act”). The purpose of the PPP is to encourage the continued employment of workers. Based upon receipt of this funding, we elected to recall our furloughed workers at our Elk Creek complex. We intend to use all proceeds from the PPP Loan to retain employees, maintain payroll and make lease and utility payments.

The PPP Loan matures on April 16, 2022 and bears interest at a rate of 1% per annum. Beginning November 17, 2020, we are required to pay the lender equal monthly payments of principal and interest as required to fully amortize by April 17, 2022 the principal amount outstanding on the PPP Loan as of October 17, 2020. The PPP Loan is evidenced by a promissory note dated April 17, 2020, which contains customary events of default relating to, among other things, payment defaults and breaches of representations and warranties. The PPP Loan may be prepaid by the Company at any time prior to maturity with no prepayment penalties.

 All or a portion of the PPP Loan and accrued interest thereon may be forgiven by the U.S. Small Business Administration (“SBA”) upon application by the Company beginning 60 days but not later than 120 days after loan approval and upon documentation of expenditures in accordance with the SBA requirements. Under the CARES Act, loan forgiveness is available for the sum of documented payroll costs, covered rent payments, covered mortgage interest and covered utilities during the eight week period beginning on the date of loan funding. For purposes of the CARES Act, payroll costs exclude cash compensation of an individual employee in excess of $100 thousand, prorated annually. Not more than 25% of the forgiven amount may be for non-payroll costs. Forgiveness is reduced if full-time headcount declines, or if salaries and wages for employees with salaries of $100 thousand or less annually are reduced by more than 25%.

Equipment Financing LoanOn April 16, 2020, we entered into an equipment loan with Key Equipment Finance, a division of KeyBank, as lender, in the principal amount of approximately $4.7 million for the financing of existing underground and surface equipment. The equipment loan bears interest at 7.45% per annum and is payable in 36 monthly installments of $147 thousand. There is a 3% premium for prepayment of the note within the first 12 months. This premium declines by 1% during each successive 12-month period. We intend to use the proceeds from this loan for general corporate purposes including the financing of anticipated future capital expenditures.

*  *   *   *   *

14

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with the “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” contained in our Annual Report, as well as the financial statements and related notes appearing elsewhere in this Quarterly Report. The following discussion contains forward-looking statements that reflect our future plans, estimates, beliefs and expected performance. The forward-looking statements are dependent upon events, risks and uncertainties that may be outside our control. We caution you that our actual results could differ materially from those discussed in these forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause or contribute to such differences are discussed elsewhere in this Quarterly Report, particularly in the “Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” and in our Annual Report under the heading “Item 1A. Risk Factors,” all of which are difficult to predict. In light of these risks, uncertainties and assumptions, the forward-looking events discussed may not occur. We do not undertake any obligation to publicly update any forward-looking statements except as otherwise required by applicable law.

Overview

Our primary source of revenue is the sale of metallurgical coal. As of December 31, 2019, we had a 265‑million-ton reserve base of high-quality metallurgical coal and a development portfolio including four primary properties. We are currently mining in four underground mines, one surface mine and with one highwall miner at our two complexes. Our plan is to complete development of our existing properties and grow production to more than 4-4.5 million clean tons of metallurgical coal, subject to market conditions, permitting and additional capital deployment. We may make acquisitions of reserves or infrastructure that continue our focus on advantaged geology and lower costs.

The overall outlook of the metallurgical coal business is dependent on a variety of factors such as pricing, regulatory uncertainties and global economic conditions. Coal consumption and production in the U.S. have been driven in recent periods by several market dynamics and trends, such as the global economy, a strong U.S. dollar and accelerating production cuts. 

Our results for the first quarter of 2020 were impacted by continued weakness in the metallurgical industry that began in the second half of 2019. This weakness continued into the first quarter of 2020 as global economic growth was increasingly impacted by the COVID-19 outbreak as the quarter progressed.

As of March 31, 2020, we had forward sales contracts for the remainder of 2020 of approximately 1.1 million tons for contracts with fixed sales prices averaging $93/ton (FOB mine). 

Impact of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Pandemic on Our Business

 

On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization declared the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (“COVID-19”) outbreak to be a global pandemic, and on March 13, 2020, the United States declared a national emergency. The impact of COVID-19 on our business is currently unknown. In an effort to contain COVID-19 or slow its spread, governments around the world have enacted various measures, including orders to close all businesses not deemed “essential,” isolate residents to their homes or places of residence and practice social distancing when engaging in essential activities. These actions and the global health crisis caused by COVID-19 have created significant volatility, uncertainty and economic disruption.  

We have observed declining demand and spot price reductions for metallurgical coal as business and consumer activity decelerates across the globe. This weakness limited our ability to complete spot sales in the first quarter, leading to an increase in our inventories. We are not able to estimate the impact that lower demand or spot pricing may have on our business but expect that spot pricing and demand will remain weak through at least the second quarter of 2020. 

Two customers have notified us that their contractual obligations for purchases of metallurgical coal from us may be delayed or curtailed because of COVID-19. These two customers accounted for approximately 56% of our total revenue during the three months ended March 31, 2020. Based on the current environment, we estimate that a portion of our contractual commitments for the remainder of the year could be delayed or curtailed.

15

In response, we have taken steps to limit our production in the near-term. Effective April 1, 2020, out of an abundance of caution and to minimize the economic impact to our business, we took the following actions:

·

We  implemented a roughly two-week operational furlough of 182 employees at the Elk Creek mining complex in West Virginia. The Elk Creek prep plant remained fully operational to process coal. Our Berwind mine and the Knox Creek prep plant remained open; 

·

We temporarily reduced the salaries of certain executives, including our named executive officers, by 30% beginning April 1, 2020, and we deferred payment of cash bonuses for these individuals for an indefinite period; and

·

We reduced or deferred non-essential capital expenditures to adapt to the current market conditions.

 

We began to partially reopen the furloughed Elk Creek complex operations and recalled approximately one-third of our furloughed workforce during the week of April 20, 2020. We recalled all furloughed employees by May 1, 2020.

To date we have not had any significant issues with critical suppliers, but we continue to communicate with them and closely monitor their developments to ensure we have access to the goods and services required to maintain our operations.

We will continue to actively monitor the situation and may take further actions altering our business operations that we determine are in the best interests of our employees, customers, suppliers, and stakeholders, or as required by federal, state, or local authorities. Additional measures we may take could include extensions of operational furloughs and temporary salary reductions for certain executives, staffing reductions and idling or realignment of additional mines as conditions might dictate. It is not clear what the potential effects any such alterations or modifications may have on our business. The effects on our results in our second quarter and other future periods could be much more significant and cannot currently be quantified.

Results of Operations

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three months ended March 31, 

 

 

(In thousands)

    

2020

    

2019

    

    

Consolidated statement of operations data

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

Revenue

 

$

41,935

 

$

57,460

 

 

Costs and expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of sales (exclusive of items shown separately below)

 

 

30,934

 

 

41,006

 

 

Asset retirement obligation accretion

 

 

141

 

 

128

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

5,002

 

 

4,116

 

 

Selling, general and administrative

 

 

4,717

 

 

3,960

 

 

Total costs and expenses

 

 

40,794

 

 

49,210

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating income

 

 

1,141

 

 

8,250

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other income

 

 

1,210

 

 

298

 

 

Interest expense, net

 

 

(279)

 

 

(307)

 

 

Income before tax

 

 

2,072

 

 

8,241

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income tax expense

 

 

110

 

 

1,358

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

$

1,962

 

$

6,883

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adjusted EBITDA

 

$

8,417

 

$

13,686

 

 

 

Net income was $2.0 million and Adjusted EBITDA was $8.4 million in the first quarter of 2020, which were respectively 71% and 38% lower than that for the first quarter of 2019. We experienced both lower realized pricing and volumes in the 2020 period as compared with that for 2019. Negotiations for contracted volumes with North American

16

steel producers for 2020 were substantially completed in the fall of last year. At that time, there was significant weakness in both customer demand and pricing for metallurgical coal which impacted our reported revenues for the first quarter of 2020. We experienced favorable improvements in our cash cost of sales in the first quarter of 2020 as compared with the same period of 2019 which partially offset the decline in our revenues and Adjusted EBITDA.

Development of our Berwind mining complex began in late 2017. These development efforts contributed to higher cash costs of production and higher capital expenditures during each of the periods presented above. While we expect the Berwind mine to achieve full commercial production in 2021 from two deep mine sections, these development efforts could be delayed as a result of COVID-19.

Three Months Ended March  31, 2020 Compared to Three Months Ended March  31, 2019

Revenue.  Our revenue includes sales to customers of Company produced coal and coal purchased from third parties. We include amounts billed by us for transportation to our customers within revenue and transportation costs incurred within cost of sales.  Coal sales information is summarized as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three months ended March 31, 

(In thousands)

    

2020

    

2019

    

Increase (Decrease)

Company Produced

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

Coal sales revenue

 

$

41,935

 

$

52,700

 

$

(10,765)

Tons sold

 

 

416

 

 

443

 

 

(27)

Purchased from Third Parties

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

Coal sales revenue

 

$

 —

 

$

4,760

 

$

(4,760)

Tons sold

 

 

 —

 

 

35

 

 

(35)

 

Coal sales revenue in the first quarter of 2020 was  $10.8 million or 27%  lower than in the first quarter of 2019 principally due to lower sales volumes and lower realized pricing. Overall, our revenue per ton sold (FOB mine) declined 11% from $105/ton in the three months ended March 31, 2019 to $93/ton in the three months ended March 31, 2020. We sold 416 thousand tons of metallurgical coal in the first quarter of 2020, a 13% decrease as compared with the same period of 2019.

The lower sales volumes and realized pricing in 2020 are due to reduced overall demand worldwide. The spot sales market has been affected by reduced economic activity attributable to the COVID-19 pandemic. We previously purchased coal volumes from third-parties for resale. We made no such purchases in the 2020 period as smaller producers exited local markets. 

Cost of sales. Our cost of sales totaled $30.9 million for the three months ended March  31, 2020 as compared with $41.0 million for the same period in 2019.  This decrease was primarily driven by lower sales volumes and lower overall cash cost per ton sold. The cash cost per ton sold (FOB mine) for the first quarter of 2020 was $67 for our Company produced coal, compared with $68 in the first quarter of 2019. 

Asset retirement obligation accretion. Asset retirement obligation accretion was $0.1 million in each of the three-month periods ended March 31, 2020 and 2019.

Depreciation and amortization. Depreciation and amortization expense for the first quarter of 2020 was $5.0 million as compared with $4.1 million for the first quarter of 2019. Increased depreciation and amortization expense resulted from our growth and expanded operations over the past year.

Selling, general and administrative. Selling, general and administrative expenses were $5.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020 as compared with $4.0 million for the same period in 2019. We recognized $0.5 million in the first quarter of 2020 for obligations under take-or-pay arrangements with export terminals that were unused. 

17

Other income. Other income was $1.2 million for the first quarter of 2020, as compared with $0.3 million for the first quarter of 2019. This increase was primarily due to fees for the processing of coal for a third party. We commenced processing of third party coal at our Knox Creek facility in late-fourth quarter of 2019. This processing contract was extended and expires in the third quarter of 2020. 

Interest expense, net. Interest expense, net was $0.3 million in each of the three-month periods ended March 31, 2020 and 2019.

Income tax expense. The effective tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2020 was 5%, compared to 16% for the three months ended March 31, 2019. The primary difference from the federal statutory rate of 21% is related to state taxes, permanent differences for non-deductible expenses and the difference in depletion expense between U.S. GAAP and federal income tax purposes.

Cash taxes paid for 2020 are expected to be less than $10 thousand.  

Liquidity and Capital Resources

At March 31, 2020, we had $15.3 million of cash and cash equivalents and $13.5 million available under our existing credit agreements for future borrowings.

Significant sources and uses of cash during the first three months of 2020

Sources of cash:

·

Cash flows from operating activities were $6.4 million. This included a negative impact from the primary components of our working capital (receivables, inventories and accounts payable) of a net $1.7 million, primarily associated with a build-up of inventories.

·

We made net borrowings of $12.4 million principally to increase our cash position during the highly volatile and uncertain period of the first quarter caused by the COVID-19 pandemic.

Uses of cash:

·

Capital expenditures were $8.9 million for development of the Berwind mine and for infrastructure at our Elk Creek mining complex.

At March 31, 2020, we  also had $1.4 million of restricted cash balances, classified in other current assets in the consolidated balance sheets, for potential future workers’ compensation claims.

Future sources and uses of cash

Our primary use of cash includes capital expenditures for mine development and for ongoing operating expenses. We expect to fund our capital and liquidity requirements with cash on hand, anticipated cash flows from operations and borrowings discussed in more detail below.  We believe that current cash on hand, cash flow from operations and available liquidity under our existing credit agreements will be sufficient to meet our capital expenditure and operating plans.

Although there is uncertainty related to the anticipated impact of the recent COVID-19 outbreak on our future results, we believe the recent actions we have taken position us well to manage our business through this crisis. We are taking further actions to manage our cash flow and improve our liquidity, including review and consideration of

18

opportunities and strategies for further capital expenditure reductions and deferrals, additional operating expense reductions and consideration of alternative non-dilutive financing sources in addition to our existing credit facilities.

Additional factors that could adversely impact our future liquidity and ability to carry out our capital expenditure program include:

·

Timely delivery of our product by rail and other transportation carriers;

·

Timely payment of accounts receivable by our customers;

·

Cost overruns in our purchases of equipment needed to complete our mine development plans;

·

Delays in completion of development of our various mines which would reduce the coal we would have available to sell and our cash flow from operations; and

·

Adverse changes in the metallurgical coal markets that would reduce the expected cash flow from operations.

 

If future cash flows are insufficient to meet our liquidity needs or capital requirements, we may reduce our expected level of capital expenditures and/or fund a portion of our capital expenditures through the issuance of debt or equity securities, the entry into debt arrangements or from other sources, such as asset sales.

Indebtedness

KeyBank Credit and Security AgreementOn November 2, 2018, we entered into a Credit and Security Agreement (as amended, the “Revolving Credit Facility”) with KeyBank National Association (“KeyBank”). The Revolving Credit Facility was amended on February 20, 2020 and consists of a $10.0 million term loan (the “Term Loan”) and up to $30.0 million revolving line of credit, including $3.0 million letter of credit availability. All personal property assets, including, but not limited to accounts receivable, coal inventory and certain surface mining equipment are pledged to secure the Revolving Credit Facility.  

The Revolving Credit Facility has a maturity date of December 31, 2023 and bears interest based on LIBOR + 2.0% or Base Rate + 1.5%. Base Rate is the highest of (i) KeyBank’s prime rate, (ii) Federal Funds Effective Rate + 0.5%, or (iii) LIBOR + 2.0%. Advances under the Revolving Credit Facility are made initially as base rate loans, but may be converted to LIBOR rate loans at certain times at our discretion. As of March 31, 2020, $16.5 million was outstanding on the Revolving Credit Facility and we had remaining availability of $13.5 million.

The Term Loan is secured under a Master Security Agreement with a pledge of certain underground and surface mining equipment, bears interest at LIBOR + 5.15% and is required to be repaid in monthly installments of $278 thousand including accrued interest. The outstanding principal balance of the Term Loan was $9.1 million at March 31, 2020.

The Revolving Credit Facility contains usual and customary covenants including limitations on liens, additional indebtedness, investments, restricted payments, asset sales, mergers, affiliate transactions and other customary limitations, as well as financial covenants. As of March 31, 2020, we were in compliance with all debt covenants.

SBA Paycheck Protection Program LoanOn April 20, 2020, we received proceeds from a loan in the amount of approximately $8.4 million (the “PPP Loan”) from KeyBank, as lender, pursuant to the Paycheck Protection Program (“PPP”) of the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (the “CARES Act”). The purpose of the PPP is to encourage the continued employment of workers. Based upon receipt of this funding, we elected to recall our furloughed workers at our Elk Creek complex. We intend to use all proceeds from the PPP Loan to retain employees, maintain payroll and make lease and utility payments.

The PPP Loan matures on April 16, 2022 and bears interest at a rate of 1% per annum. Beginning November 17, 2020, we are required to pay the lender equal monthly payments of principal and interest as required to fully amortize by April 17, 2022 the principal amount outstanding on the PPP Loan as of October 17, 2020. The PPP Loan is evidenced by a promissory note dated April 17, 2020, which contains customary events of default relating to, among other things,

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payment defaults and breaches of representations and warranties. The PPP Loan may be prepaid by the Company at any time prior to maturity with no prepayment penalties.

All or a portion of the PPP Loan and accrued interest thereon may be forgiven by the U.S. Small Business Administration (“SBA”) upon application by the Company beginning 60 days but not later than 120 days after loan approval and upon documentation of expenditures in accordance with the SBA requirements. Under the CARES Act, loan forgiveness is available for the sum of documented payroll costs, covered rent payments, covered mortgage interest and covered utilities during the eight week period beginning on the date of loan funding. For purposes of the CARES Act, payroll costs exclude cash compensation of an individual employee in excess of $100 thousand, prorated annually. Not more than 25% of the forgiven amount may be for non-payroll costs. Forgiveness is reduced if full-time headcount declines, or if salaries and wages for employees with salaries of $100 thousand or less annually are reduced by more than 25%. See “Risk Factors— We have incurred debt under the Paycheck Protection Program in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. The federal government or private plaintiffs may challenge our determination that we meet the requirements for loans under the Paycheck Protection Program.”

Equipment Financing LoanOn April 16, 2020, we entered into an equipment loan with Key Equipment Finance, a division of KeyBank, as lender, in the principal amount of approximately $4.7 million for the financing of existing underground and surface equipment. The equipment loan bears interest at 7.45% per annum and is payable in 36 monthly installments of $147 thousand. There is a 3% premium for prepayment of the note within the first 12 months. This premium declines by 1% during each successive 12-month period. We intend to use the proceeds from this loan for general corporate purposes including the financing of anticipated future capital expenditures.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

As of March 31, 2020, we had no material off-balance sheet arrangements.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

Adjusted EBITDA

Adjusted EBITDA is used as a supplemental non-GAAP financial measure by management and external users of our financial statements, such as industry analysts, investors, lenders and rating agencies. We believe Adjusted EBITDA is useful because it allows us to more effectively evaluate our operating performance.

We define Adjusted EBITDA as net income plus net interest expense, stock-based compensation, depreciation and amortization expenses and any transaction related costs. A reconciliation of net income to Adjusted EBITDA is included below. Adjusted EBITDA is not intended to serve as an alternative to U.S. GAAP measures of performance and may not be comparable to similarly-titled measures presented by other companies.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three months ended March 31, 

(In thousands)

    

2020

    

2019

Reconciliation of Net Income to Adjusted EBITDA

 

 

  

 

 

  

Net income

 

$

1,962

 

$

6,883

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

5,002

 

 

4,116

Interest expense, net

 

 

279

 

 

307

Income taxes

 

 

110

 

 

1,358

EBITDA

 

 

7,353

 

 

12,664

Stock-based compensation

 

 

923

 

 

894

Accretion of asset retirement obligation

 

 

141

 

 

128

Adjusted EBITDA

 

$

8,417

 

$

13,686

 

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Non-GAAP revenue per ton

Non-GAAP revenue per ton (FOB mine) is calculated as coal sales revenue less transportation costs, divided by tons sold. We believe revenue per ton (FOB mine) provides useful information to investors as it enables investors to compare revenue per ton we generate against similar measures made by other publicly-traded coal companies and more effectively monitor changes in coal prices from period to period excluding the impact of transportation costs which are beyond our control. The adjustments made to arrive at these measures are significant in understanding and assessing our financial condition. Revenue per ton sold (FOB mine) is not a measure of financial performance in accordance with U.S. GAAP and therefore should not be considered as an alternative to revenue under U.S. GAAP. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three months ended March 31, 2020

 

Three months ended March 31, 2019

 

 

Company

 

Purchased

 

 

 

 

Company

 

Purchased

 

 

 

(In thousands, except per ton amounts)

    

Produced

    

Coal

    

Total

    

Produced

    

Coal

    

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue

 

$

41,935

 

$

 —

 

$

41,935

 

$

52,700

 

$

4,760

 

$

57,460

Less:  Adjustments to reconcile to Non-GAAP revenue (FOB mine)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Transportation costs

 

 

(3,186)

 

 

 —

 

 

(3,186)

 

 

(7,020)

 

 

(330)

 

 

(7,350)

Non-GAAP revenue (FOB mine)

 

$

38,749

 

$

 —

 

$

38,749

 

$

45,680

 

$

4,430

 

$

50,110

Tons sold

 

 

416

 

 

 —

 

 

416

 

 

443

 

 

35

 

 

478

Revenue per ton sold (FOB mine)

 

$

93

 

$

 —

 

$

93

 

$

103

 

$

127

 

$

105

 

Non-GAAP cash cost per ton sold

Non-GAAP cash cost per ton sold is calculated as cash cost of sales less transportation costs, divided by tons sold. We believe cash cost per ton sold provides useful information to investors as it enables investors to compare our cash cost per ton against similar measures made by other publicly-traded coal companies and more effectively monitor changes in coal cost from period to period excluding the impact of transportation costs which are beyond our control. The adjustments made to arrive at these measures are significant in understanding and assessing our financial condition. Cash cost per ton sold is not a measure of financial performance in accordance with U.S. GAAP and therefore should not be considered as an alternative to cost of sales under U.S. GAAP.

 

 

 

 

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