10-Q 1 mgm-20240331.htm 10-Q mgm-20240331
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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2024
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from to
Commission File No. 001-10362
MGM Resorts International
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware88-0215232
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
3600 Las Vegas Boulevard South, Las Vegas, Nevada 89109
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
(702) 693-7120
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common stock (Par Value $0.01)MGMNew York Stock Exchange (NYSE)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer
Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
  
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes No
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.
 Class  
 Outstanding at April 29, 2024
Common Stock, $0.01 par value 
313,680,435 shares





MGM RESORTS INTERNATIONAL AND SUBSIDIARIES
FORM 10-Q
I N D E X
  Page
 
 
 
 
 
 



Part I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1.         Financial Statements
MGM RESORTS INTERNATIONAL AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands, except share data)
(Unaudited)
 March 31,
2024
December 31,
2023
ASSETS
Current assets  
Cash and cash equivalents$2,722,292 $2,927,833 
Accounts receivable, net924,060 929,135 
Inventories147,357 141,678 
Income tax receivable91,880 141,444 
Prepaid expenses and other688,223 770,503 
Total current assets4,573,812 4,910,593 
Property and equipment, net5,630,014 5,449,544 
Other assets
Investments in and advances to unconsolidated affiliates246,167 240,803 
Goodwill 5,152,826 5,165,694 
Other intangible assets, net1,686,245 1,724,582 
Operating lease right-of-use assets, net23,901,023 24,027,465 
Other long-term assets, net888,966 849,867 
Total other assets31,875,227 32,008,411 
$42,079,053 $42,368,548 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
Current liabilities
Accounts and construction payable$448,158 $461,718 
Accrued interest on long-term debt114,828 60,173 
Other accrued liabilities2,471,000 2,604,177 
Total current liabilities3,033,986 3,126,068 
Deferred income taxes, net2,849,583 2,860,997 
Long-term debt, net6,269,763 6,343,810 
Operating lease liabilities25,115,883 25,127,464 
Other long-term obligations750,280 542,708 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 8)
Redeemable noncontrolling interests32,281 33,356 
Stockholders’ equity
Common stock, $0.01 par value: authorized 1,000,000,000 shares, issued and outstanding 314,915,054 and 326,550,141 shares
3,149 3,266 
Capital in excess of par value  
Retained earnings3,393,805 3,664,008 
Accumulated other comprehensive income59,810 143,896 
Total MGM Resorts International stockholders’ equity3,456,764 3,811,170 
Noncontrolling interests570,513 522,975 
Total stockholders’ equity4,027,277 4,334,145 
$42,079,053 $42,368,548 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.


1



MGM RESORTS INTERNATIONAL AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(In thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
 Three Months Ended
March 31,
 20242023
Revenues  
Casino$2,241,095 $1,882,428 
Rooms956,401 848,488 
Food and beverage769,403 722,131 
Entertainment, retail and other404,391 409,578 
Reimbursed costs12,180 10,671 
4,383,470 3,873,296 
Expenses
Casino1,271,844 990,890 
Rooms274,408 240,114 
Food and beverage558,080 511,592 
Entertainment, retail and other244,297 243,528 
Reimbursed costs12,180 10,671 
General and administrative1,194,682 1,135,540 
Corporate expense129,666 127,559 
Preopening and start-up expenses 1,095 139 
Property transactions, net17,154 (396,076)
Depreciation and amortization196,562 203,501 
3,899,968 3,067,458 
Loss from unconsolidated affiliates(25,124)(74,999)
Operating income458,378 730,839 
Non-operating income (expense)
Interest expense, net of amounts capitalized(110,037)(130,300)
Non-operating items from unconsolidated affiliates(136)(1,184)
Other, net(4,806)46,307 
(114,979)(85,177)
Income before income taxes343,399 645,662 
Provision for income taxes(43,673)(165,779)
Net income299,726 479,883 
Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests(82,250)(13,076)
Net income attributable to MGM Resorts International$217,476 $466,807 
Earnings per share
Basic$0.68 $1.25 
Diluted$0.67 $1.24 
Weighted average common shares outstanding
Basic320,488 374,085 
Diluted323,757 378,095 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
2


MGM RESORTS INTERNATIONAL AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
 Three Months Ended
March 31,
 20242023
Net income$299,726 $479,883 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:
Foreign currency translation(85,190)(49)
Other 871 
Other comprehensive income (loss)(85,190)822 
Comprehensive income214,536 480,705 
Less: Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interests(81,146)(10,589)
Comprehensive income attributable to MGM Resorts International$133,390 $470,116 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
3


MGM RESORTS INTERNATIONAL AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
 Three Months Ended March 31,
 20242023
Cash flows from operating activities  
Net income$299,726 $479,883 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization196,562 203,501 
Amortization of debt discounts, premiums and issuance costs7,020 7,130 
Provision for credit losses18,152 16,133 
Stock-based compensation26,780 23,891 
Foreign currency transaction (gain) loss(32,925)16,226 
Property transactions, net17,154 (396,076)
Noncash lease expense128,509 132,223 
Other investment losses (gains)21,287 (6,152)
Loss from unconsolidated affiliates25,260 76,183 
Distributions from unconsolidated affiliates1,317 1,315 
Deferred income taxes(8,203)38,098 
Change in operating assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable34,607 75,690 
Inventories(5,727)(2,690)
Income taxes receivable and payable, net52,949 134,564 
Prepaid expenses and other(39,249)(23,671)
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities(224,616)(78,810)
Other30,668 6,615 
Net cash provided by operating activities549,271 704,053 
Cash flows from investing activities
Capital expenditures(172,080)(139,820)
Dispositions of property and equipment547 5,185 
Investments in unconsolidated affiliates(10,029)(35,730)
Proceeds from sale of operating resorts 452,824 
Acquisitions, net of cash acquired(491) 
Proceeds from repayment of principal on note receivable  152,518 
Distributions from unconsolidated affiliates595 549 
Investments and other73,048 (223,348)
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities(108,410)212,178 
Cash flows from financing activities  
Net repayments under bank credit facilities - maturities of 90 days or less(76,702)(586,456)
Repayment of long-term debt (1,250,000)
Debt issuance costs(9,608) 
Distributions to noncontrolling interest owners(11,572)(17,936)
Repurchases of common stock(506,571)(484,399)
Other(24,517)(41,342)
Net cash used in financing activities(628,970)(2,380,133)
Effect of exchange rate on cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash(17,600)(6,480)
Change in cash and cash equivalents classified as assets held for sale 25,938 
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash
Net change for the period(205,709)(1,444,444)
Balance, beginning of period3,014,896 6,036,388 
Balance, end of period $2,809,187 $4,591,944 
Supplemental cash flow disclosures
Interest paid, net of amounts capitalized$48,362 $92,239 
Federal, state and foreign income taxes paid, net
2,327 372 
Non-cash investing and financing activities
MGM Grand Paradise gaming concession intangible asset$ $226,083 
MGM Grand Paradise gaming concession long-term obligation
 226,083 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
4


MGM RESORTS INTERNATIONAL AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
 Common Stock      
Shares Par Value Capital in Excess of Par Value  Retained Earnings  
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income
 Total MGM Resorts International Stockholders’ Equity  Noncontrolling Interests  Total Stockholders’ Equity
Balances, January 1, 2024326,550 $3,266 $ $3,664,008 $143,896 $3,811,170 $522,975 $4,334,145 
Net income— — — 217,476 — 217,476 82,048 299,524 
Currency translation adjustment— — — — (84,086)(84,086)(1,104)(85,190)
Stock-based compensation— — 25,894 — — 25,894 707 26,601 
Issuance of common stock pursuant to stock-based compensation awards68 — (1,161)— — (1,161)— (1,161)
Distributions to noncontrolling interest owners— — — — — — (33,183)(33,183)
Repurchases of common stock (11,703)(117)(23,553)(487,812)— (511,482)— (511,482)
Adjustment of redeemable noncontrolling interest to redemption value— — — 133 — 133 — 133 
Other— — (1,180)— — (1,180)(930)(2,110)
Balances, March 31, 2024314,915 $3,149 $ $3,393,805 $59,810 $3,456,764 $570,513 $4,027,277 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

5



MGM RESORTS INTERNATIONAL AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
 Common Stock 
 Shares Par Value  Capital in Excess of Par Value  Retained Earnings  
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income
 Total MGM Resorts International Stockholders’ Equity  Noncontrolling Interests  Total Stockholders’ Equity
Balances, January 1, 2023379,088 $3,791 $ $4,794,239 $33,499 $4,831,529 $378,594 $5,210,123 
Net income— — — 466,807 — 466,807 12,909 479,716 
Currency translation adjustment— — — — 2,438 2,438 (2,487)(49)
Stock-based compensation— — 23,228 — — 23,228 663 23,891 
Issuance of common stock pursuant to stock-based compensation awards73 1 (1,342)— — (1,341)— (1,341)
Cash distributions to noncontrolling interest owners— — — — — — (6,641)(6,641)
Issuance of restricted stock units— — 1,701 — — 1,701 — 1,701 
Repurchases of common stock (11,920)(120)(24,881)(461,868)— (486,869)— (486,869)
Adjustment of redeemable noncontrolling interest to redemption value— — 1,297 — — 1,297 — 1,297 
Other— — (3)— 871 868 (593)275 
Balances, March 31, 2023367,241 $3,672 $ $4,799,178 $36,808 $4,839,658 $382,445 $5,222,103 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
6


MGM RESORTS INTERNATIONAL AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)

NOTE 1 — ORGANIZATION

Organization. MGM Resorts International, a Delaware corporation (together with its consolidated subsidiaries, unless otherwise indicated or unless the context requires otherwise, the “Company”) is a global gaming and entertainment company with domestic and international locations featuring hotels and casinos, convention, dining, and retail offerings, and sports betting and online gaming operations.

As of March 31, 2024, the Company’s domestic casino resorts include the following integrated casino, hotel and entertainment resorts in Las Vegas, Nevada: Aria (including Vdara), Bellagio, The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas (The Cosmopolitan”), MGM Grand Las Vegas (including The Signature), Mandalay Bay, Luxor, New York-New York, Park MGM, and Excalibur. The Company also operates MGM Grand Detroit in Detroit, Michigan, MGM National Harbor in Prince George’s County, Maryland, MGM Springfield in Springfield, Massachusetts, Borgata in Atlantic City, New Jersey, Empire City in Yonkers, New York, MGM Northfield Park in Northfield Park, Ohio, and Beau Rivage in Biloxi, Mississippi. Additionally, the Company operates The Park, a dining and entertainment district located between New York-New York and Park MGM. The Company leases the real estate assets of its domestic properties pursuant to triple-net lease agreements.

The Company has an approximate 56% controlling interest in MGM China Holdings Limited (together with its subsidiaries, “MGM China”), which owns MGM Grand Paradise, S.A. (“MGM Grand Paradise”). MGM Grand Paradise owns and operates MGM Macau and MGM Cotai, two integrated casino, hotel and entertainment resorts in Macau, as well as the related gaming concession and land concessions.

The Company also owns LV Lion Holding Limited (“LeoVegas”), a consolidated subsidiary that has global online gaming operations headquartered in Sweden and Malta. Additionally, the Company and its venture partner, Entain plc, each have a 50% ownership interest in BetMGM, LLC (“BetMGM”), an unconsolidated affiliate, which provides online sports betting and gaming in certain jurisdictions in North America. The Company also has a 50% ownership interest in Osaka IR KK, an unconsolidated affiliate, which plans to develop an integrated resort in Osaka, Japan.

Reportable segments. The Company has three reportable segments: Las Vegas Strip Resorts, Regional Operations and MGM China. See Note 11 for additional information about the Company’s segments.

NOTE 2 — BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Basis of presentation. As permitted by the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”), certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“U.S. GAAP”) have been condensed or omitted. These consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company’s 2023 annual consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023.

In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements contain all adjustments, which include only normal recurring adjustments, necessary to present fairly the Company’s interim financial statements. The results for such periods are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full year.

Principles of consolidation. The Company evaluates entities for which control is achieved through means other than voting rights to determine if it is the primary beneficiary of a variable interest entity (“VIE”). The Company consolidates its investment in a VIE when it determines that it is its primary beneficiary. Bellagio BREIT Venture (the landlord of Bellagio, which is a venture in which the Company has a 5% ownership interest) and Osaka IR KK are VIEs in which the Company is not the primary beneficiary because it does not have power on its own to direct the activities that could potentially be significant to the ventures and, accordingly, does not consolidate the ventures. The Company may change its original assessment of a VIE upon subsequent events such as the modification of contractual arrangements that affect the characteristics or adequacy of the entity’s equity investments at risk and the disposition of all or a portion of an interest held by the primary beneficiary. The Company performs this analysis on an ongoing basis.

For entities determined not to be a VIE, the Company consolidates such entities in which the Company owns 100% of the equity. For entities in which the Company owns less than 100% of the equity interest, the Company consolidates the
7


entity under the voting interest model if it has a controlling financial interest based upon the terms of the respective entities’ ownership agreements, such as MGM China. For these entities, the Company records a noncontrolling interest in the consolidated balance sheets and all intercompany balances and transactions are eliminated in consolidation. If the entity does not qualify for consolidation under the voting interest model and the Company has significant influence over the operating and financial decisions of the entity, the Company generally accounts for the entity under the equity method, such as BetMGM, which does not qualify for consolidation as the Company has joint control, given the entity is structured with substantive participating rights whereby both owners participate in the decision making process, which prevents the Company from exerting a controlling financial interest in such entity, as defined in Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 810. For entities over which the Company does not have significant influence, the Company accounts for its equity investment under ASC 321.
Reclassifications. Certain reclassifications have been made to conform the prior period presentation.

Fair value measurements. Fair value measurements affect the Company’s accounting and impairment assessments of its long-lived assets, investments in unconsolidated affiliates or equity interests, assets acquired, and liabilities assumed in an acquisition, and goodwill and other intangible assets. Fair value measurements also affect the Company’s accounting for certain of its financial assets and liabilities. Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date and is measured according to a hierarchy that includes: Level 1 inputs, such as quoted prices in an active market; Level 2 inputs, which are quoted prices for identical or comparable instruments or pricing using observable market data; or Level 3 inputs, which are unobservable inputs. The Company used the following inputs in its fair value measurements:

Level 1 inputs when measuring its equity investments recorded at fair value;
Level 2 inputs for its long-term debt fair value disclosures; See Note 5; and
Level 1 and Level 2 inputs for its debt investments.

Equity investments. Fair value is measured based upon trading prices on the applicable securities exchange for equity investments for which the Company has elected the fair value option of ASC 825 and equity investments accounted for under ASC 321 that have a readily determinable fair value. The fair value of these investments was $411 million and $435 million as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, respectively, and is reflected within “Other long-term assets, net” on the consolidated balance sheets. Gains and losses are recorded in “Other, net” in the statements of operations. For the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, the Company recorded a net loss on its equity investments of $24 million and less than $1 million, respectively.

Debt investments. The Company’s investments in debt securities are classified as trading securities and recorded at fair value. Gains and losses are recorded in “Other, net” in the statements of operations. Debt securities are considered cash equivalents if the criteria for such classification is met or otherwise classified as short-term investments within “Prepaid expenses and other” since the investment of cash is available for current operations.

The following table presents information regarding the Company’s debt investments:

Fair value levelMarch 31, 2024December 31, 2023
(In thousands)
Cash and cash equivalents:
Money market funds
Level 1
$193,051 $18,828 
Cash and cash equivalents
193,051 18,828 
Short-term investments:
U.S. government securitiesLevel 124,067 37,805 
U.S. agency securitiesLevel 2 9,804 
Corporate bondsLevel 2277,615 364,926 
Asset-backed securities
Level 2
12,268 7,170 
Short-term investments
313,950 419,705 
Total debt investments
$507,001 $438,533 

8


Cash and cash equivalents. Cash and cash equivalents consist of cash and highly liquid investments with maturities of 90 days or less at the date of purchase. The fair value of cash and cash equivalents approximates carrying value because of the short maturity of those instruments (Level 1).

Restricted cash. MGM China’s pledged cash of $87 million for each of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, securing the bank guarantees discussed in Note 8 is restricted in use and classified within “Other long-term assets, net.” Such amounts plus “Cash and cash equivalents” on the consolidated balance sheets equal “Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash” on the consolidated statements of cash flows as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023.

Accounts receivable. As of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, the loss reserve on accounts receivable was $139 million and $130 million, respectively.

Note receivable. In February 2023, the secured note receivable related to the sale of Circus Circus Las Vegas and the adjacent land was repaid, prior to maturity, for $170 million, which approximated its carrying value on the date of repayment.

Accounts payable. As of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, the Company had accrued $76 million and $84 million, respectively, for purchases of property and equipment within “Accounts and construction payable” on the consolidated balance sheets.

Revenue recognition. Contract and Contract-Related Liabilities. There may be a difference between the timing of cash receipts from the customer and the recognition of revenue, resulting in a contract or contract-related liability. The Company generally has three types of liabilities related to contracts with customers: (1) outstanding chip liability, which represents the amounts owed in exchange for gaming chips held by a customer, (2) loyalty program obligations, which represents the deferred allocation of revenue relating to loyalty program incentives earned, and (3) customer advances and other, which is primarily funds deposited by customers before gaming play occurs (“casino front money”) and advance payments on goods and services yet to be provided, such as advance ticket sales and deposits on rooms and convention space or for unpaid wagers. These liabilities are generally expected to be recognized as revenue within one year of being purchased, earned, or deposited and are recorded within “Other accrued liabilities” on the consolidated balance sheets.

The following table summarizes the activity related to contract and contract-related liabilities:

 Outstanding Chip LiabilityLoyalty ProgramCustomer Advances and Other
 2024 20232024 20232024 2023
 (In thousands)
Balance at January 1$211,606 $185,669 $201,973 $183,602 $766,226 $816,376 
Balance at March 31190,631 168,307 194,946 183,101 781,973 787,866 
Increase / (decrease)$(20,975)$(17,362)$(7,027)$(501)$15,747 $(28,510)

The January 1, 2023 balances exclude liabilities related to assets held for sale related to Gold Strike Tunica.

Revenue by source. The Company presents the revenue earned disaggregated by the type or nature of the good or service (casino, room, food and beverage, and entertainment, retail and other) and by relevant geographic region within Note 11.

Leases. Refer to Note 7 for information regarding leases under which the Company is a lessee. The Company is a lessor under certain other lease arrangements. Lease revenues earned by the Company from third parties are classified within the line item corresponding to the type or nature of the tenant’s good or service. For the three months ended March 31, 2024, lease revenues from third-party tenants include $20 million recorded within food and beverage revenue and $28 million recorded within entertainment, retail, and other revenue. For the three months ended March 31, 2023, lease revenues from third-party tenants include $18 million recorded within food and beverage revenue and $30 million recorded within entertainment, retail, and other revenue. Lease revenues from the rental of hotel rooms are recorded as rooms revenues within the consolidated statements of operations.

9


NOTE 3 — ACQUISITIONS AND DIVESTITURES

Push Gaming acquisition. On August 31, 2023, LeoVegas acquired 86% of digital gaming developer, Push Gaming Holding Limited (“Push Gaming”) for total consideration of $146 million, which was allocated to $126 million of goodwill and $40 million of amortizable intangible assets.

Gold Strike Tunica. On February 15, 2023, the Company completed the sale of the operations of Gold Strike Tunica to CNE Gaming Holdings, LLC, a subsidiary of Cherokee Nation Business, for cash consideration of $450 million, or $474 million, net of purchase price adjustments and transaction costs. At closing, the master lease between the Company and VICI was amended to remove Gold Strike Tunica and to reflect a $40 million reduction in annual cash rent. The Company recognized a $398 million gain recorded within “Property transactions, net.” The gain reflects the net cash consideration less the net carrying value of the assets and liabilities derecognized of $75 million.

NOTE 4 — INVESTMENTS IN AND ADVANCES TO UNCONSOLIDATED AFFILIATES

Investments in and advances to unconsolidated affiliates were $246 million and $241 million as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, respectively. The Company’s share of losses of BetMGM in excess of its equity method investment balance is $37 million and $5 million as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, respectively.

The Company recorded its share of loss from unconsolidated affiliates as follows:
 Three Months Ended
March 31,
 20242023
 (In thousands)
Loss from unconsolidated affiliates$(25,124)$(74,999)
Non-operating items from unconsolidated affiliates(136)(1,184)
 $(25,260)$(76,183)

The following table summarizes information related to the Company’s share of operating loss from unconsolidated affiliates:
 Three Months Ended
March 31,
 20242023
 (In thousands)
BetMGM$(32,601)$(81,872)
Other7,477 6,873 
 $(25,124)$(74,999)


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NOTE 5 — LONG-TERM DEBT

Long-term debt consisted of the following:
 March 31,
2024
 December 31,
2023
 (In thousands)
MGM China first revolving credit facility$293,911 $371,300 
5.375% MGM China senior notes, due 2024
750,000 750,000 
6.75% senior notes, due 2025
750,000 750,000 
5.75% senior notes, due 2025
675,000 675,000 
5.25% MGM China senior notes, due 2025
500,000 500,000 
5.875% MGM China senior notes, due 2026
750,000 750,000 
4.625% senior notes, due 2026
400,000 400,000 
5.5% senior notes, due 2027
675,000 675,000 
4.75% MGM China senior notes, due 2027
750,000 750,000 
4.75% senior notes, due 2028
750,000 750,000 
7% debentures, due 2036
552 552 
 6,294,463 6,371,852 
Less: Unamortized discounts and debt issuance costs, net
(24,700)(28,042)
$6,269,763 $6,343,810 

MGM China's senior notes due within one year of the March 31, 2024 balance sheet were classified as long-term as MGM China has both the intent and ability to refinance the current maturities on a long-term basis.

Senior secured credit facility. In February 2024, the Company amended its senior secured credit facility to increase the facility to $2.3 billion and extend the maturity date to February 2029. At March 31, 2024, no amounts were drawn.

The Company’s senior secured credit facility contains customary representations and warranties, events of default and positive and negative covenants. The Company was in compliance with its credit facility covenants at March 31, 2024.

MGM China first revolving credit facility. At March 31, 2024, the MGM China first revolving credit facility consisted of a HK$9.75 billion (approximately $1.2 billion) unsecured revolving credit facility, which matures in May 2026, and had a weighted average interest rate of 7.62%.

The MGM China first revolving credit facility contains customary representations and warranties, events of default, and positive, negative and financial covenants, including that MGM China maintains compliance with a maximum leverage ratio and a minimum interest coverage ratio. The financial covenants under the MGM China first revolving credit facility are waived through December 31, 2024 and become effective beginning on March 31, 2025. MGM China was in compliance with its applicable MGM China first revolving credit facility covenants at March 31, 2024.

MGM China second revolving credit facility. At March 31, 2024, the MGM China second revolving credit facility consisted of a HK$4.6 billion (approximately $587 million) unsecured revolving credit facility with an option to increase the amount of the facility up to HK$5.85 billion (approximately $748 million), subject to certain conditions, and matures in May 2026. At March 31, 2024, no amounts were drawn on the MGM China second revolving credit facility.

The MGM China second revolving credit facility contains customary representations and warranties, events of default, and positive, negative and financial covenants, including that MGM China maintains compliance with a maximum leverage ratio and a minimum interest coverage ratio. The financial covenants under the MGM China second revolving credit facility are waived through December 31, 2024 and become effective beginning on March 31, 2025. MGM China was in compliance with its applicable MGM China second revolving credit facility covenants at March 31, 2024.

Senior notes. Subsequent to March 31, 2024, in April 2024, the Company issued $750 million in aggregate principal amount of 6.5% notes due 2032. The Company used the net proceeds from the offering to fund the redemption of its $750 million in aggregate principal amount of 6.75% notes due 2025 in May 2024.
11



In March 2023, the Company repaid its $1.25 billion 6% notes due 2023 upon maturity.

Fair value of long-term debt. The estimated fair value of the Company’s long-term debt was $6.2 billion and $6.3 billion at March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, respectively.

NOTE 6 — INCOME TAXES

For interim income tax reporting the Company estimates its annual effective tax rate and applies it to its year-to-date ordinary income. The tax effects of unusual or infrequently occurring items, including changes in judgment about valuation allowances and effects of changes in tax laws or rates, are reported in the interim period in which they occur. The Company’s effective income tax rate was 12.7% and 25.7% for the three months ended March 31, 2024, and March 31, 2023, respectively.

On January 29, 2024, MGM Grand Paradise was granted an extension of its exemption from the Macau 12% complementary tax on gaming profits for the period of January 1, 2023 through December 31, 2027.

The Company recognizes deferred income tax assets, net of applicable reserves, related to net operating losses, tax credit carryforwards and certain temporary differences. The Company recognizes future tax benefits to the extent that realization of such benefit is more likely than not. Otherwise, a valuation allowance is applied.

NOTE 7 — LEASES

The Company leases real estate, land underlying certain of its properties, and various equipment under operating and, to a lesser extent, finance lease arrangements.

Other information. Components of lease costs and other information related to the Company’s leases are:
 Three Months Ended
March 31,
 20242023
 (In thousands)
Operating lease cost, primarily classified within “General and administrative”(1)
$574,943 $580,988 
Finance lease costs
Interest expense$8,884 $1,414 
Amortization expense12,896 17,526 
Total finance lease costs$21,780 $18,940 
(1)Operating lease cost includes $83 million for each of the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 related to the Bellagio lease, which is held with a related party.

12


 March 31,
2024
December 31,
2023
(In thousands)
Operating leases
Operating lease ROU assets, net(1)
$23,901,023 $24,027,465 
Operating lease liabilities - current, classified within “Other accrued liabilities”
$78,614 $74,988 
Operating lease liabilities - long-term(2)
25,115,883 25,127,464 
Total operating lease liabilities$25,194,497 $25,202,452 
Finance leases
Finance lease ROU assets, net, classified within “Property and equipment, net”
$261,302 $85,783 
Finance lease liabilities - current, classified within “Other accrued liabilities”
$51,382 $9,166 
Finance lease liabilities - long-term, classified within “Other long-term obligations”
217,257 85,391 
Total finance lease liabilities$268,639 $94,557 
Weighted average remaining lease term (years)
Operating leases2525
Finance leases1022
Weighted average discount rate (%)
Operating leases7 7 
Finance leases6 6 
(1)As of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, operating lease right-of-use assets, net included $3.5 billion related to the Bellagio lease.
(2)As of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, operating lease liabilities – long-term included $3.8 billion related to the Bellagio lease.

 Three Months Ended
March 31,
 20242023
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities(In thousands)
Operating cash outflows from operating leases$456,382 $453,480 
Operating cash outflows from finance leases3,817 1,787 
Financing cash outflows from finance leases(1)
14,309 21,119 
ROU assets obtained in exchange for new lease liabilities
Operating leases$3,072 $4,581 
Finance leases186,197  
(1)Included within “Other” within “Cash flows from financing activities” on the consolidated statements of cash flows.

13


Maturities of lease liabilities were as follows:
 Operating Leases  Finance Leases
Year ending December 31, (In thousands)
2024 (excluding the three months ended March 31, 2024)$1,379,997 $49,601 
20251,860,924 61,777 
20261,886,070 58,347 
20271,913,779 58,154 
20281,941,940 7,036 
Thereafter48,942,391 128,194 
Total future minimum lease payments57,925,101 363,109 
Less: Amount of lease payments representing interest(32,730,604)(94,470)
Present value of future minimum lease payments25,194,497 268,639 
Less: Current portion(78,614)(51,382)
Long-term portion of lease liabilities$25,115,883 $217,257 

NOTE 8 — COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

Cybersecurity litigation, claims, and investigations. In September 2023, through unauthorized access to certain of its U.S. systems, third-party criminal actors accessed, for some of the Company’s customers, personal information (including name, contact information (such as phone number, email address and postal address), gender, date of birth and driver’s license numbers). For a limited number of customers, Social Security numbers and passport numbers were also accessed by the criminal actors. The Company has notified individuals impacted by this issue in accordance with federal and state law.

In connection with this cybersecurity issue, the Company became subject to consumer class actions in U.S. federal and state courts. These class actions assert a variety of common law and statutory claims based on allegations that the Company failed to use reasonable security procedures and practices to safeguard customers’ personal information, and seek monetary and statutory damages, injunctive relief and other related relief. In addition, the Company is the subject of investigations by state and federal regulators, which also could result in monetary fines and other relief. The Company cannot predict the timing or outcome of any of these potential matters, or whether the Company may be subject to additional legal proceedings, claims, regulatory inquiries, investigations, or enforcement actions. While the Company believes it is reasonably possible that it may incur losses associated with the above-described proceedings, it is not possible to estimate the amount of loss or range of loss, if any, that might result from adverse judgments, settlements, or other resolution given the preliminary stage of these proceedings. The Company has incurred, and expects to continue to incur, certain expenses related to the cybersecurity issue, including expenses to respond to, remediate, and investigate this matter. The full scope of the costs and related impacts of this issue, including the extent to which all of the costs will be offset by cybersecurity insurance, has not been determined.

Other litigation. The Company is a party to various other legal proceedings, most of which relate to routine matters incidental to its business. Management does not believe that the outcome of such proceedings will have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

MGM China bank guarantees. In connection with the issuance of the gaming concession in January 2023, bank guarantees were provided to the government of Macau in the amount of MOP 1 billion (approximately $124 million as of March 31, 2024) to warrant the fulfillment of labor liabilities and of damages or losses that may result if there is noncompliance with the concession. The guarantees expire 180 days after the end of the concession term. As of March 31, 2024, MOP 700 million of the bank guarantees (approximately $87 million as of March 31, 2024) were secured by pledged cash.

Shortfall guarantees. The Company provides shortfall guarantees of the $3.01 billion principal amount of indebtedness (and any interest accrued and unpaid thereon) of Bellagio BREIT Venture, the landlord of Bellagio, which matures in 2029, and of the $3.0 billion principal amount of indebtedness (and any interest accrued and unpaid thereon) of the landlords of Mandalay Bay and MGM Grand Las Vegas, which matures in 2032 and has an anticipated repayment date of March 2030. The terms of the shortfall guarantees provide that after the lenders have exhausted certain remedies to collect on the obligations under the indebtedness, the Company would then be responsible for any shortfall between the
14


value of the collateral, which is the real estate assets of the applicable property owned by the landlord, and the debt obligation. The guarantees are accounted for under ASC 460 at fair value; such value is immaterial.

MGM/Osaka IR KK guarantees. The Company provides for guarantees (1) in the amount of 12.65 billion yen (approximately $84 million as of March 31, 2024) for 50% of Osaka IR KK’s obligations to Osaka under various agreements related to the venture’s development of an integrated resort in Osaka, Japan and (2) of an uncapped amount to provide funding to Osaka IR KK, if necessary, for the completion of the construction and full opening of the integrated resort. The guarantees expire when the obligations relating to the full opening of the integrated resort are fulfilled. The guarantees are accounted for under ASC 460 at fair value; such value is immaterial.

MGM/Osaka IR KK funding commitment. The Company has commitments to fund Osaka IR KK for its proportionate share of the unfinanced portion of Osaka IR KK’s development project, which is approximately 306 billion yen (approximately $2.0 billion as of March 31, 2024). The amount and timing of funding may vary based upon the progress and scope of the development.

Other guarantees. The Company and its subsidiaries are party to various guarantee contracts in the normal course of business, which are generally supported by letters of credit issued by financial institutions. The Company’s senior credit facility limits the amount of letters of credit that can be issued to $1.35 billion. At March 31, 2024, $28 million in letters of credit were outstanding under the Company’s senior credit facility. The amount of available borrowings under the credit facility is reduced by any outstanding letters of credit.

NOTE 9 — EARNINGS PER SHARE

The table below reconciles basic and diluted earnings per share of common stock. Diluted weighted-average common and common equivalent shares include adjustments for potential dilution of stock-based awards outstanding under the Company’s stock compensation plan.
 Three Months Ended
March 31,
 20242023
 (In thousands)
Numerator:  
Net income attributable to MGM Resorts International$217,476 $466,807 
Adjustment related to redeemable noncontrolling interests133 1,297 
Net income attributable to common stockholders – basic and diluted$217,609 $468,104 
Denominator:
Weighted-average common shares outstanding – basic320,488 374,085 
Potential dilution from stock-based awards
3,269 4,010 
Weighted-average common and common equivalent shares – diluted323,757 378,095 
Antidilutive stock-based awards excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings per share
177 276 

NOTE 10 — STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

MGM Resorts International stock repurchases. In March 2022, the Company announced that the Board of Directors authorized a $2.0 billion stock repurchase plan, in February 2023, the Company announced that the Board of Directors authorized a $2.0 billion stock repurchase plan and, in November 2023, the Company announced that the Board of Directors authorized a $2.0 billion stock repurchase plan. Under these stock repurchase plans, the Company may repurchase shares from time to time in the open market or in privately negotiated agreements. Repurchases of common stock may also be made under a Rule 10b5-1 plan, which would permit common stock to be repurchased when the Company might otherwise be precluded from doing so under insider trading laws. The timing, volume and nature of stock repurchases will be at the sole discretion of management, dependent on market conditions, applicable securities laws, and other factors, and may be suspended or discontinued at any time.

During the three months ended March 31, 2023, the Company repurchased approximately 12 million shares of its common stock for an aggregate amount of $487 million. In connection with these repurchases, the March 2022 stock repurchase plan was completed. Repurchased shares were retired.
15



During the three months ended March 31, 2024, the Company repurchased approximately 12 million shares of its common stock for an aggregate amount of $511 million. In connection with these repurchases, the February 2023 stock repurchase plan was completed. Repurchased shares were retired. The remaining availability under the November 2023 $2.0 billion stock repurchase plan was $1.7 billion as of March 31, 2024.

Subsequent to March 31, 2024, the Company repurchased approximately 1 million shares of its common stock for an aggregate amount of $62 million, excluding excise tax. Repurchased shares were retired.

NOTE 11 — SEGMENT INFORMATION

The Company’s management views each of its casino properties as an operating segment. Operating segments are aggregated based on their similar economic characteristics, types of customers, types of services and products provided, the regulatory environments in which they operate and their management and reporting structure. The Company has aggregated its operating segments into the following reportable segments: Las Vegas Strip Resorts, Regional Operations and MGM China.

Las Vegas Strip Resorts. Las Vegas Strip Resorts consists of the following casino resorts in Las Vegas, Nevada: Aria (including Vdara), Bellagio, The Cosmopolitan, MGM Grand Las Vegas (including The Signature), Mandalay Bay (including Delano and Four Seasons), Luxor, New York-New York (including The Park), Excalibur, and Park MGM (including NoMad Las Vegas).

Regional Operations. Regional Operations consists of the following casino properties: MGM Grand Detroit in Detroit, Michigan; Beau Rivage in Biloxi, Mississippi; Gold Strike Tunica in Tunica, Mississippi (until its disposition in February 2023); Borgata in Atlantic City, New Jersey; MGM National Harbor in Prince George’s County, Maryland; MGM Springfield in Springfield, Massachusetts; Empire City in Yonkers, New York; and MGM Northfield Park in Northfield Park, Ohio.

MGM China. MGM China consists of MGM Macau and MGM Cotai.

The Company’s operations related to LeoVegas, investments in unconsolidated affiliates, and certain other corporate operations and management services have not been identified as separate reportable segments; therefore, these operations are included in “Corporate and other” in the following segment disclosures to reconcile to consolidated results.

Adjusted Property EBITDAR is the Company’s reportable segment GAAP measure, which management utilizes as the primary profit measure for its reportable segments and underlying operating segments. Adjusted Property EBITDAR is a measure defined as earnings before interest and other non-operating income (expense), taxes, depreciation and amortization, preopening and start-up expenses, property transactions, net, rent expense related to triple-net operating leases and ground leases, income from unconsolidated affiliates related to investments in real estate ventures, and also excludes corporate expense and stock compensation expense, which are not allocated to each operating segment.

16


The following tables present the Company’s segment information:
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 2024 2023
 (In thousands)
Net revenue
Las Vegas Strip Resorts
Casino$497,548 $500,563 
Rooms827,253 751,691 
Food and beverage599,281 582,627 
Entertainment, retail and other330,947 341,271 
2,255,029 2,176,152 
Regional Operations
Casino684,968 716,977 
Rooms65,933 67,304 
Food and beverage107,753 111,879 
Entertainment, retail and other, and reimbursed costs50,825 49,683 
909,479 945,843 
MGM China
Casino920,048 555,272 
Rooms63,215 29,493 
Food and beverage62,369 27,625 
Entertainment, retail and other10,385 5,202 
1,056,017 617,592 
Reportable segment net revenues4,220,525 3,739,587 
Corporate and other162,945 133,709 
 $4,383,470 $3,873,296 

Three Months Ended
March 31,
20242023
(In thousands)
Adjusted Property EBITDAR
Las Vegas Strip Resorts$827,788 $835,809 
Regional Operations 274,102 313,175 
MGM China301,186 168,948 
Reportable segment Adjusted Property EBITDAR1,403,076 1,317,932 
 
Other operating income (expense)
Corporate and other, net(168,249)(211,669)
Preopening and start-up expenses(1,095)(139)
Property transactions, net (17,154)396,076 
Depreciation and amortization(196,562)(203,501)
Triple-net operating lease and ground lease rent expense(564,339)(570,555)
Income from unconsolidated affiliates related to real estate ventures2,701 2,695 
Operating income458,378 730,839 
Non-operating income (expense)
Interest expense, net of amounts capitalized(110,037)(130,300)
Non-operating items from unconsolidated affiliates(136)(1,184)
Other, net(4,806)46,307 
(114,979)(85,177)
Income before income taxes343,399 645,662 
Provision for income taxes(43,673)(165,779)
Net income299,726 479,883 
Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests(82,250)(13,076)
Net income attributable to MGM Resorts International$217,476 $466,807 

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Item 2.         Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

This management’s discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations contain forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. Please see “Cautionary Statement Concerning Forward-Looking Statements” for a discussion of the uncertainties, risks and assumptions that may cause our actual results to differ materially from those discussed in the forward-looking statements. This discussion should be read in conjunction with our historical financial statements and related notes thereto and the other disclosures contained elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, the audited consolidated financial statements and notes for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2023, which were included in our Form 10-K, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on February 23, 2024. The results of operations for the periods reflected herein are not necessarily indicative of results that may be expected for future periods. MGM Resorts International together with its subsidiaries may be referred to as “we,” “us” or “our.” MGM China Holdings Limited together with its subsidiaries is referred to as “MGM China.”

Key Performance Indicators

Key performance indicators related to gaming and hotel revenue are:

Gaming revenue indicators: table games drop and slot handle (volume indicators); “win” or “hold” percentage, which is not fully controllable by us. Our normal table games hold percentage at our Las Vegas Strip Resorts is in the range of 25.0% to 35.0% of table games drop for baccarat and 19.0% to 23.0% for non-baccarat; and

Hotel revenue indicators (for Las Vegas Strip Resorts) – hotel occupancy (a volume indicator); average daily rate (“ADR,” a price indicator); and revenue per available room (“RevPAR,” a summary measure of hotel results, combining ADR and occupancy rate). Our calculation of ADR, which is the average price of occupied rooms per day, includes the impact of complimentary rooms. Complimentary room rates are determined based on standalone selling price. Because the mix of rooms provided on a complimentary basis, particularly to casino customers, includes a disproportionate suite component, the composite ADR including complimentary rooms is slightly higher than the ADR for cash rooms, reflecting the higher retail value of suites.

Results of Operations

Summary Operating Results

The following table summarizes our consolidated operating results:
 Three Months Ended
March 31,
 20242023
 (In thousands)
Net revenues$4,383,470 $3,873,296 
Operating income458,378 730,839 
Net income299,726 479,883 
Net income attributable to MGM Resorts International217,476 466,807 

Consolidated net revenues increased 13% for the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the prior year quarter due primarily to a 71% increase at MGM China and a 4% increase at our Las Vegas Strip Resorts, partially offset by a 4% decrease at our Regional Operations.

Consolidated operating income decreased 37% for the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the prior year quarter. The decrease was due primarily to the $398 million gain in the prior year quarter related to the sale of the operations of Gold Strike Tunica recorded in property transactions, net, partially offset by the increase in net revenues discussed above.
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Net Revenues by Segment

The following table presents a detail by segment of net revenues:
 Three Months Ended
March 31,
 20242023
 (In thousands)
Las Vegas Strip Resorts
Casino$497,548 $500,563 
Rooms827,253 751,691 
Food and beverage599,281 582,627 
Entertainment, retail and other330,947 341,271 
 2,255,029 2,176,152 
Regional Operations
Casino684,968 716,977 
Rooms65,933 67,304 
Food and beverage107,753 111,879 
Entertainment, retail and other, and reimbursed costs50,825 49,683 
 909,479 945,843 
MGM China
Casino920,048 555,272 
Rooms63,215 29,493 
Food and beverage62,369 27,625 
Entertainment, retail and other10,385 5,202 
 1,056,017 617,592 
Reportable segment net revenues4,220,525 3,739,587 
Corporate and other162,945 133,709 
 $4,383,470 $3,873,296 

Las Vegas Strip Resorts
Las Vegas Strip Resorts net revenues increased 4% for the three months ended March 31, 2024 due primarily to the increase in rooms revenue in the current year quarter discussed below.

Las Vegas Strip Resorts casino revenue decreased 1% for the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the prior year quarter.

The following table shows key gaming statistics for our Las Vegas Strip Resorts:

 Three Months Ended
March 31,
 20242023
 (Dollars in millions)
Table games drop$1,537 $1,524 
Table games win$388 $346 
Table games win %25.2 %22.7 %
Slot handle$5,417 $5,759 
Slot win$511 $544 
Slot win %9.4 %9.4 %
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Las Vegas Strip Resorts rooms revenue increased 10% for the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the prior year quarter due primarily to the increase in ADR as a result of the Super Bowl being hosted in Las Vegas during the quarter, compared to the prior year quarter.

The following table shows key hotel statistics for our Las Vegas Strip Resorts:
Three Months Ended
March 31,
20242023
Occupancy
93 %92 %
Average daily rate (ADR)$277 $258 
Revenue per available room (RevPAR)
$258 $239 


Las Vegas Strip Resorts food and beverage revenue increased 3% for the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the prior year quarter due primarily to an increase in catering and banquet revenue and improved restaurant options.

Las Vegas Strip Resorts entertainment, retail and other revenues decreased 3% for the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the prior year quarter due primarily to a decrease in theater revenue and attrition revenue.

Regional Operations

Regional Operations net revenues decreased 4% for the three months ended March 31, 2024 due primarily to the disposition of Gold Strike Tunica and a decrease in casino revenues.

Regional Operations casino revenue decreased 4% for the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the prior year quarter due primarily to the disposition of Gold Strike Tunica discussed above as well as a decrease in volume.

The following table shows key gaming statistics for our Regional Operations:
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 20242023
 (Dollars in millions)
Table games drop$962 $1,013 
Table games win$202 $214 
Table games win %21.0 %21.1 %
Slot handle$6,612 $6,999 
Slot win$641 $670 
Slot win %9.7 %9.6 %

Regional Operations rooms revenue decreased 2% for the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the prior year quarter due primarily to the disposition of Gold Strike Tunica discussed above.

Regional Operations food and beverage revenue decreased 4% for the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the prior year quarter due primarily to the disposition of Gold Strike Tunica discussed above.

Regional Operations entertainment, retail and other revenue increased 2% for the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the prior year quarter primarily driven by an improved event calendar compared to prior years.

MGM China

MGM China net revenues increased 71% for the three months ended March 31, 2024 due primarily to an increase in casino revenue discussed below.
20



The following table shows key gaming statistics for MGM China:
Three Months Ended
March 31,
20242023
(Dollars in millions)
Main floor table games drop$3,822 $2,177 
Main floor table games win$950 $523 
Main floor table games win %24.9 %24.0 %

MGM China casino revenues increased 66% for the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the prior year quarter due primarily to the continued ramp up of operations after the COVID-19 related restrictions were removed in the first quarter of 2023 in Macau.

Corporate and other

Corporate and other revenue primarily includes revenues from LeoVegas, other corporate operations, and management services.

Adjusted Property EBITDAR and Adjusted EBITDAR

The following table presents Adjusted Property EBITDAR and Adjusted EBITDAR. Adjusted Property EBITDAR is our reportable segment GAAP measure, which we utilize as the primary profit measure for our reportable segments. See Note 11 in the accompanying consolidated financial statements and “Reportable Segment GAAP measure” below for additional information. Adjusted EBITDAR is a non-GAAP measure, discussed within “Non-GAAP measures” below.

 Three Months Ended
March 31,
 20242023
 (In thousands)
Las Vegas Strip Resorts$827,788 $835,809 
Regional Operations274,102 313,175 
MGM China301,186 168,948 
Corporate and other(168,249)(211,669)
Adjusted EBITDAR$1,234,827 

Las Vegas Strip Resorts

Las Vegas Strip Resorts Adjusted Property EBITDAR decreased 1% for the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the prior year quarter. Las Vegas Strip Resorts Adjusted Property EBITDAR margin was 36.7% for the three months ended March 31, 2024, compared to 38.4% in the prior year quarter due primarily to an increase in payroll related expenses.

Regional Operations

Regional Operations Adjusted Property EBITDAR decreased 12% for the three months ended March 31, 2024, compared to the prior year quarter. Regional Operations Adjusted Property EBITDAR margin was 30.1% for the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to 33.1% in the prior year quarter due primarily to a decrease in casino revenues and an increase in payroll related expenses.

MGM China

MGM China Adjusted Property EBITDAR increased 78% for the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the prior year quarter. MGM China Adjusted Property EBITDAR margin was 28.5% for the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to 27.4% in the prior year quarter due primarily to the increase in casino revenues, discussed above.
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Supplemental Information - Same-store Results of Operations

The following table presents the financial results of Regional Operations on a same-store basis for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023. Same-Store Adjusted Property EBITDAR is a non-GAAP measure, discussed within “Non-GAAP measures” below.
 Three Months Ended
March 31,
 20242023
(In thousands)
Regional Operations net revenues$909,479 $945,843 
Dispositions (1)
— (26,967)
Regional Operations same-store net revenues$909,479 $918,876 
Regional Operations Adjusted Property EBITDAR$274,102 $313,175 
Dispositions (1)
— (11,073)
Regional Operations Same-Store Adjusted Property EBITDAR$274,102 $302,102 
(1)Excludes the net revenues and Adjusted Property EBITDAR of Gold Strike Tunica for the three months ended March 31, 2023.


Income (loss) from Unconsolidated Affiliates

The following table summarizes information related to our share of operating loss from unconsolidated affiliates:
 Three Months Ended
March 31,
 20242023
 (In thousands)
BetMGM$(32,601)$(81,872)
Other7,477 6,873 
$(25,124)$(74,999)

Non-operating Results

Interest Expense

Gross interest expense was $111 million and $131 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively. The decrease from the prior year quarter is due primarily to a decrease in debt outstanding as a result of the repayment of the $1.25 billion 6% senior notes in March 2023, the decrease in the debt outstanding under MGM China’s first revolving credit facility, and the repayment of the LeoVegas senior notes in August 2023. See Note 5 to the accompanying consolidated financial statements for discussion on long-term debt and see “Liquidity and Capital Resources” for discussion on issuances and repayments of long-term debt and other sources and uses of cash.

Other, net

Other, net was expense of $5 million and income of $46 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively. Other expense, net for the three months ended March 31, 2024 was primarily comprised of a loss related to foreign currency contracts of $38 million, a loss related to debt and equity investments of $21 million, partially offset by foreign currency transaction gain of $33 million and interest and dividend income of $23 million. Other income, net for the three months ended March 31, 2023 was primarily comprised of interest and dividend income of $57 million, partially offset by a foreign currency transaction loss of $16 million.

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Income Taxes

Our effective income tax rate was 12.7% and 25.7% for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and March 31, 2023, respectively. The effective rate for the three months ended March 31, 2024 was favorably impacted primarily by an increase in Macau gaming profits which are exempt from complementary tax.

Reportable segment GAAP measure

“Adjusted Property EBITDAR” is our reportable segment GAAP measure, which we utilize as the primary profit measure for our reportable segments and underlying operating segments. Adjusted Property EBITDAR is a measure defined as earnings before interest and other non-operating income (expense), taxes, depreciation and amortization, preopening and start-up expenses, property transactions, net, rent expense related to triple-net operating leases and ground leases, income from unconsolidated affiliates related to investments in real estate ventures, and also excludes corporate expense and stock compensation expense, which are not allocated to each operating segment. “Adjusted Property EBITDAR margin” is Adjusted Property EBITDAR divided by related segment net revenues.

Non-GAAP measures

“Same-Store Adjusted Property EBITDAR” is Adjusted Property EBITDAR further adjusted to exclude the Adjusted Property EBITDAR of acquired operating segments from the date of acquisition through the end of the reporting period and to exclude the Adjusted Property EBITDAR of disposed operating segments from the beginning of the reporting period through the date of disposition. Accordingly, for Regional Operations, we have excluded the Adjusted Property EBITDAR of Gold Strike Tunica for the periods prior to its disposition on February 15, 2023, as applicable.

Same-Store Adjusted Property EBITDAR is a non-GAAP measure and is presented solely as a supplemental disclosure to reported GAAP measures because management believes this measure is useful in providing meaningful period-to-period comparisons of the results of our operations for operating segments that were consolidated for the full period presented to assist users of the financial statements in reviewing operating performance over time. Same-Store Adjusted Property EBITDAR should not be viewed as a measure of overall operating performance, considered in isolation, or as an alternative to our reportable segment GAAP measure or net income, or as an alternative to any other measure determined in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, because this measure is not presented on a GAAP basis, and is provided for the limited purposes discussed herein. In addition, Same-Store Adjusted Property EBITDAR may not be defined in the same manner by all companies and, as a result, may not be comparable to similarly titled non-GAAP financial measures of other companies, and such differences may be material. A reconciliation of our reportable segment Adjusted Property EBITDAR GAAP measure to Same-Store Adjusted Property EBITDAR is included herein.

“Adjusted EBITDAR” is earnings before interest and other non-operating income (expense), taxes, depreciation and amortization, preopening and start-up expenses, property transactions, net, rent expense related to triple-net operating leases and ground leases, and income from unconsolidated affiliates related to investments in real estate ventures.

Adjusted EBITDAR information is a non-GAAP measure that is a valuation metric, should not be used as an operating metric, and is presented solely as a supplemental disclosure to reported GAAP measures because we believe this measure is widely used by analysts, lenders, financial institutions, and investors as a principal basis for the valuation of gaming companies. We believe that while items excluded from Adjusted EBITDAR may be recurring in nature and should not be disregarded in evaluation of our earnings performance, it is useful to exclude such items when analyzing current results and trends. Also, we believe excluded items may not relate specifically to current trends or be indicative of future results. For example, preopening and start-up expenses will be significantly different in periods when we are developing and constructing a major expansion project and will depend on where the current period lies within the development cycle, as well as the size and scope of the project(s). Property transactions, net includes normal recurring disposals, gains and losses on sales of assets related to specific assets within our properties, but also includes gains or losses on sales of an entire operating resort or a group of resorts and impairment charges on entire asset groups or investments in unconsolidated affiliates, which may not be comparable period over period. In addition, management excludes rent expense related to triple-net operating leases and ground leases. Management believes excluding rent expense related to triple-net operating leases and ground leases provides useful information to analysts, lenders, financial institutions, and investors when valuing us, as well as comparing our results to other gaming companies, without regard to differences in capital structure and leasing arrangements since the operations of other gaming companies may or may not include triple-net operating leases or ground leases. However, as discussed herein, Adjusted EBITDAR should not be viewed as a measure of overall operating performance, an indicator of our performance, considered in isolation, or construed as an alternative to operating income or net income, or as an alternative to cash flows from operating activities, as a measure of liquidity, or as an alternative to any other measure determined in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles because this measure is not presented on a GAAP basis and excludes certain expenses, including the rent expense related to triple-net operating leases
23


and ground leases, and is provided for the limited purposes discussed herein. In addition, other companies in the gaming and hospitality industries that report Adjusted EBITDAR may calculate Adjusted EBITDAR in a different manner and such differences may be material. We have significant uses of cash flows, including capital expenditures, interest payments, taxes, real estate triple-net lease and ground lease payments, and debt principal repayments, which are not reflected in Adjusted EBITDAR. A reconciliation of GAAP net income to Adjusted EBITDAR is included herein.

The following table presents a reconciliation of net income attributable to MGM Resorts International to Adjusted EBITDAR:
 Three Months Ended
March 31,
 20242023
 (In thousands)
Net income attributable to MGM Resorts International$217,476 $466,807 
Plus: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests82,250 13,076 
Net income299,726 479,883 
Provision for income taxes43,673 165,779 
Income before income taxes343,399 645,662 
Non-operating (income) expense:
Interest expense, net of amounts capitalized110,037 130,300 
Non-operating items from unconsolidated affiliates136 1,184 
  Other, net4,806 (46,307)
114,979 85,177 
Operating income458,378 730,839 
Preopening and start-up expenses1,095 139 
Property transactions, net17,154 (396,076)
Depreciation and amortization196,562 203,501 
Triple-net operating lease and ground lease rent expense564,339 570,555 
Income from unconsolidated affiliates related to real estate ventures(2,701)(2,695)
Adjusted EBITDAR$1,234,827 

Guarantor Financial Information

As of March 31, 2024, all of our principal debt arrangements are guaranteed by each of our wholly owned material domestic subsidiaries that guarantee our senior credit facility. Our principal debt arrangements are not guaranteed by MGM Grand Detroit, MGM National Harbor, Blue Tarp reDevelopment, LLC (the entity that owns the operations of MGM Springfield), MGM Sports & Interactive Gaming, LLC (the entity that owns our 50% interest in BetMGM), and each of their respective subsidiaries. Our foreign subsidiaries, including LeoVegas, MGM China, and each of their respective subsidiaries, are also not guarantors of our principal debt arrangements. In the event that any subsidiary is no longer a guarantor of our credit facility or any of our future capital markets indebtedness, that subsidiary will be released and relieved of its obligations to guarantee our existing senior notes. The indentures governing the senior notes further provide that in the event of a sale of all or substantially all of the assets of, or capital stock in a subsidiary guarantor then such subsidiary guarantor will be released and relieved of any obligations under its subsidiary guarantee.

The guarantees provided by the subsidiary guarantors rank senior in right of payment to any future subordinated debt of ours or such subsidiary guarantors, junior to any secured indebtedness to the extent of the value of the assets securing such debt and effectively subordinated to any indebtedness and other obligations of our subsidiaries that do not guarantee the senior notes. In addition, the obligations of each subsidiary guarantor under its guarantee is limited so as not to constitute a fraudulent conveyance under applicable law, which may eliminate the subsidiary guarantor’s obligations or reduce such obligations to an amount that effectively makes the subsidiary guarantee lack value.

The summarized financial information of us and our guarantor subsidiaries, on a combined basis, is presented below.
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 March 31,
2024
December 31,
2023
Balance Sheet(In thousands)
Current assets$3,400,778 $3,783,644 
Intercompany debt due from non-guarantor subsidiaries2,527,630 2,516,281 
Other long-term assets28,583,926 28,518,540 
Other current liabilities2,096,650 2,235,733 
Intercompany debt due to non-guarantor subsidiaries2,199,773 2,199,888 
Other long-term liabilities28,398,202 28,236,137 

 Three Months Ended
March 31, 2024
Income Statement(In thousands)
Net revenues$2,742,021 
Operating income247,095 
Intercompany interest income61,169 
Intercompany interest expense(61,169)
Income before income taxes161,772 
Net income116,831 
Net income attributable to MGM Resorts International116,831 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Cash Flows

Operating activities. Trends in our operating cash flows tend to follow trends in operating income, excluding non-cash charges, but can be affected by changes in working capital, the timing of significant interest payments, and tax payments or refunds. Cash provided by operating activities was $549 million in the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to $704 million in the prior year period. The decrease from the prior year period was due primarily to a decrease in working capital primarily related to payroll liabilities, partially offset by the increase in Adjusted Property EBITDAR at MGM China discussed within the Results of Operations section above and a decrease in cash paid for interest.

Investing activities. Our investing cash flows can fluctuate significantly from year to year depending on our decisions with respect to strategic capital investments in new or existing resorts, business acquisitions or dispositions, and the timing of maintenance capital expenditures to maintain the quality of our resorts. Capital expenditures related to regular investments in our existing resorts can also vary depending on timing of larger remodel projects related to our public spaces and hotel rooms.

Cash used in investing activities was $108 million in the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to cash provided by investing activities of $212 million in the prior year period. In the three months ended March 31, 2024, we made payments of $172 million in capital expenditures, as further discussed below, contributed $10 million to unconsolidated affiliates, and received $105 million related to net short-term investments in debt securities. In comparison, in the prior year period we received $439 million in net cash related to the sale of the operations of Gold Strike Tunica, received $153 million in cash related to the principal portion of the Circus Circus Las Vegas note receivable that was repaid, and made payments of $140 million in capital expenditures, as further discussed below, contributed $25 million to BetMGM, and made $218 million in net short-term investments in debt securities.

Capital Expenditures

We made capital expenditures of $172 million in the three months ended March 31, 2024, of which $15 million related to MGM China and is inclusive of capital expenditures relating to the gaming concession investment. Capital expenditures at our Las Vegas Strip Resorts, Regional Operations, and corporate and other entities of $157 million primarily related to information technology and room remodels.

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We made capital expenditures of $140 million in the three months ended March 31, 2023, of which $6 million related to MGM China, for which the MGM China amount is inclusive of capital expenditures related to the gaming concession investment. Capital expenditures at our Las Vegas Strip Resorts, Regional Operations and corporate entities of $134 million primarily related to expenditures in information technology, room remodels, and convention center remodels.

Financing activities. Cash used in financing activities was $629 million in the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to $2.4 billion in the prior year period. In the three months ended March 31, 2024, we had net repayments of debt of $77 million, as further discussed below, paid $507 million for repurchases of our common stock as further discussed in Note 10, and distributed $12 million to noncontrolling interest owners. In comparison, in the prior year period, we had net repayments of debt of $1.8 billion, as further discussed below, distributed $18 million to noncontrolling interest owners, and repurchased $484 million of our common stock.

Borrowings and Repayments of Long-term Debt

During the three months ended March 31, 2024, we had net repayments of debt of $77 million, which consisted of net repayments on MGM China’s first revolving credit facility. The net repayments of debt were funded with cash on hand.

During the three months ended March 31, 2023, we had net repayments of debt of $1.8 billion, which consisted of the repayment of $1.25 billion of aggregate principal amount of our 6% senior notes due 2023 upon maturity, and aggregate repayments of $586 million on MGM China’s revolving credit facilities.

Share Repurchases

During the three months ended March 31, 2024, we paid $507 million relating to repurchases of our common stock pursuant to our stock repurchase plans. See Note 10 for further information on the stock repurchases. In connection with those repurchases, the February 2023 $2.0 billion stock repurchase plan was completed. The remaining availability under the November 2023 $2.0 billion stock repurchase plan was $1.7 billion as of March 31, 2024.

During the three months ended March 31, 2023, we repurchased and retired $484 million of our common stock pursuant to our stock repurchase plans.

Other Factors Affecting Liquidity and Anticipated Uses of Cash

We require a certain amount of cash on hand to operate our businesses. In addition to required cash on hand for operations, we utilize corporate cash management procedures to minimize the amount of cash held on hand or in banks. Funds are swept from the accounts at most of our domestic resorts daily into central bank accounts, and excess funds are invested overnight or are used to repay amounts drawn under our revolving credit facilities. In addition, from time to time we may use excess funds to repurchase our outstanding debt and equity securities subject to limitations in our revolving credit facility and Delaware law, as applicable. We have significant outstanding debt, interest payments, rent payments, and contractual obligations in addition to planned capital expenditures and commitments.

As of March 31, 2024, we had cash and cash equivalents of $2.7 billion, of which MGM China held $622 million, and we had $6.3 billion in principal amount of indebtedness, including $3.0 billion related to MGM China. No amounts were drawn on our revolving credit facility or MGM China’s second revolving credit facility and, as of March 31, 2024, there was $294 million outstanding under MGM China’s first revolving credit facility.

In February 2024, we amended our senior secured credit facility to increase the facility to $2.3 billion and extend the maturity date to February 2029. In April 2024, we issued $750 million in aggregate principal amount of 6.5% senior notes due 2032. In May 2024, we used the net proceeds to fund the redemption of our $750 million in aggregate principal amount of 6.75% notes due 2025.

Our expected cash interest payments over the next twelve months, based on principal amounts of debt outstanding, contractual maturity dates, and interest rates, each as of March 31, 2024, are approximately $185 million to $195 million, excluding MGM China, and approximately $345 million to $355 million on a consolidated basis, which includes MGM China.

We are also required, as of March 31, 2024, to make annual cash rent payments of $1.8 billion over the next twelve months under triple-net lease agreements, which triple-net leases are also subject to annual escalators and also require us to
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pay substantially all costs associated with the lease, including real estate taxes, ground lease payments, insurance, utilities and routine maintenance, in addition to the annual cash rent.

We have planned capital expenditures expected over the remainder of 2024 of approximately $675 million to $725 million domestically, which is inclusive of the capital expenditures required under the triple-net lease agreements, each of which requires us to spend a specified percentage of net revenues at the respective domestic properties, and an estimate of approximately $150 million to $200 million at MGM China, which is inclusive of the estimated amount of the gaming concession investment for 2024 that relates to capital projects.

We continue to explore potential development or investment opportunities, such as expanding our global online gaming presence and pursuing a commercial gaming facility in New York, which may require cash commitments in the future. If our pursuit of a commercial gaming facility in New York is successful, we expect the project cost to be approximately $2 billion, inclusive of a $500 million license fee, with the amount and timing of costs dependent upon progress of the project and selection process. Additionally, we have cash commitments to fund Osaka IR KK relating to the development of an integrated resort in Osaka, Japan for our proportionate share of the unfinanced portion of Osaka IR KK’s development project. We currently expect our share to be 306 billion yen (approximately $2.0 billion as of March 31, 2024), which we anticipate funding over the next five years, subject to changes in the progress and scope of the development. Refer to Note 8 to the accompanying consolidated financial statements for further discussion regarding our commitments and guarantees.

In March 2024, MGM China’s Board of Directors declared a special dividend for 2023 of $51 million, which was paid in April 2024, of which we received approximately $29 million and noncontrolling interests received approximately $22 million. A final dividend for 2023 was also declared in March 2024, subject to shareholders’ approval, which is expected in May 2024. If approved, MGM China would pay approximately $118 million in June 2024, of which we would receive approximately $66 million.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

A complete discussion of our critical accounting policies and estimates is included in our Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2023. There have been no significant changes in our critical accounting policies and estimates since year end.

Market Risk

There have been no material changes in our market risk from the quantitative and qualitative disclosures about market risk included in our Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2023, other than those below.

Interest rate risk. We are subject to interest rate risk associated with our variable rate long-term debt. We attempt to limit our exposure to interest rate risk by managing the mix of our long-term fixed rate borrowings and short-term borrowings under our bank credit facilities. A change in interest rates generally does not have an impact upon our future earnings and cash flow for fixed-rate debt instruments. As fixed-rate debt matures, however, and if additional debt is acquired to fund the debt repayment, future earnings and cash flow may be affected by changes in interest rates. This effect would be realized in the periods subsequent to the periods when the debt matures.

As of March 31, 2024, variable rate borrowings represented approximately 5% of our total borrowings. The following table provides additional information about our gross long-term debt subject to changes in interest rates:
 Debt maturing in Fair Value March 31, 2024
 20242025202620272028Thereafter Total
 
(In millions except interest rates)
Fixed-rate$750 $1,925 $1,150 $1,425 $750 $$6,001 $5,886 
Average interest rate5.4 %6.0 %5.4 %5.1 %4.8 %7.0 %5.4 %
Variable rate$— $— $293 $— $— $— $293 $293 
Average interest rateN/AN/A7.6 %N/AN/AN/A7.6 %

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Cautionary Statement Concerning Forward-Looking Statements

This Form 10-Q contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the U.S. Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements can be identified by words such as “anticipates,” “intends,” “plans,” “seeks,” “believes,” “estimates,” “expects,” “will,” “may” and similar references to future periods. Examples of forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to: statements we make regarding expectations regarding the impact of macroeconomic trends on our business; our ability to execute on ongoing and future strategic initiatives, including the development of an integrated resort in Japan, a commercial gaming facility in New York, expectations regarding the potential opportunity for gaming expansion in Dubai, and investments we make in online sports betting and iGaming, the expansion of LeoVegas and the MGM digital brand; positioning BetMGM as a leader in sports betting and iGaming; amounts we will spend on capital expenditures and investments; our expectations with respect to future share repurchases and cash dividends on our common stock; dividends and distributions we will receive from MGM China; amounts projected to be realized as deferred tax assets; our ability to achieve our public social impact and sustainability goals; the impact to our business, operations and reputation from, and expenses and uncertainties associated with, the September 2023 cybersecurity issue; the timing and outcome of the claims and class actions against us and of the investigations by state and federal regulators, related to our September 2023 cybersecurity issue, and the availability of cybersecurity insurance proceeds and the nature and scope of any claims, litigation or regulatory proceedings that may be brought against us. The foregoing is not a complete list of all forward-looking statements we make.

Forward-looking statements are based on our current expectations and assumptions regarding our business, the economy and other future conditions. Because forward-looking statements relate to the future, they are subject to inherent uncertainties, risks, and changes in circumstances that are difficult to predict. Our actual results may differ materially from those contemplated by the forward-looking statements. They are neither statements of historical fact nor guarantees or assurances of future performance. Therefore, we caution you against relying on any of these forward-looking statements. Important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, regional, national or global political, economic, business, competitive, market, and regulatory conditions and the following:
our substantial indebtedness and significant financial commitments, including our rent payments and guarantees we provide of the indebtedness of the landlords of Bellagio, Mandalay Bay, and MGM Grand Las Vegas could adversely affect our development options and financial results and impact our ability to satisfy our obligations;
current and future economic, capital and credit market conditions could adversely affect our ability to service our substantial indebtedness and significant financial commitments, including our rent payments, and to make planned expenditures;
restrictions and limitations in the agreements governing our senior credit facility and other senior indebtedness could significantly affect our ability to operate our business, as well as significantly affect our liquidity;
the fact that we are required to pay a significant portion of our cash flows as rent, which could adversely affect our ability to fund our operations and growth, service our indebtedness and limit our ability to react to competitive and economic changes;
significant competition we face with respect to destination travel locations generally and with respect to our peers in the industries in which we compete;
the impact on our business of economic and market conditions in the jurisdictions in which we operate and in the locations in which our customers reside;
the fact that we suspended our payment of ongoing regular dividends to our stockholders, and may not elect to resume paying dividends in the foreseeable future or at all;
all of our domestic gaming facilities are leased and could experience risks associated with leased property, including risks relating to lease termination, lease extensions, charges and our relationship with the lessor, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial position or results of operations;
financial, operational, regulatory or other potential challenges that may arise with respect to landlords under our master leases may adversely impair our operations;
the concentration of a significant number of our major gaming resorts on the Las Vegas Strip;
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the fact that we extend credit to a large portion of our customers and we may not be able to collect such gaming receivables;
the occurrence of impairments to goodwill, indefinite-lived intangible assets or long-lived assets which could negatively affect future profits;
the susceptibility of leisure and business travel, especially travel by air, to global geopolitical events, such as terrorist attacks, other acts of violence, acts of war or hostility or outbreaks of infectious disease (including the COVID-19 pandemic);
the fact that co-investing in properties or businesses, including our investment in BetMGM, decreases our ability to manage risk;
the fact that future construction, development, or expansion projects will be subject to significant development and construction risks;
the fact that our insurance coverage may not be adequate to cover all possible losses that our properties could suffer, our insurance costs may increase and we may not be able to obtain similar insurance coverage in the future;
the fact that a failure to protect our intellectual property could have a negative impact on the value of our brand names and adversely affect our business;
the fact that a significant portion of our labor force is covered by collective bargaining agreements;
the sensitivity of our business to energy prices and a rise in energy prices could harm our operating results;
the failure of future efforts to expand through investments in other businesses and properties or through alliances or acquisitions, or to divest some of our properties and other assets;
the failure to maintain the integrity of our information and other systems and internal customer information could result in damage to our reputation and/or subject us to fines, payment of damages, lawsuits or other restrictions on our use or transfer of data;
reputational harm as a result of increased scrutiny related to our corporate social responsibility efforts;
we may not achieve our social impact and sustainability related goals or that our social impact and sustainability initiatives may not result in their intended or anticipated benefits;
extreme weather conditions or climate change may cause property damage or interrupt business;
water scarcity could negatively impact our operations;
the fact that our businesses are subject to extensive regulation and the cost of compliance or failure to comply with such regulations could adversely affect our business;
the risks associated with doing business outside of the United States and the impact of any potential violations of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act or other similar anti-corruption laws;
increases in taxes and fees, including gaming taxes, in the jurisdictions in which we operate;
our ability to recognize our foreign tax credit deferred tax asset and the variability of the valuation allowance we may apply against such deferred tax asset;
changes to fiscal and tax policies;
risks related to pending claims that have been, or future claims that may be brought against us;
disruptions in the availability of our information and other systems (including our website and digital platform) or those of third parties on which we rely, through cyber-attacks or otherwise, which could adversely impact our ability to service our customers and affect our sales and the results of operations;
impact to our business, operations, and reputation from, and expenses and uncertainties associated with, a cybersecurity incident, including the cybersecurity issue that occurred in September 2023, and any related legal
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proceedings, other claims or investigations, and costs of remediation, restoration, or enhancement of information technology systems;
the availability of cybersecurity insurance proceeds;
restrictions on our ability to have any interest or involvement in gaming businesses in mainland China, Macau, Hong Kong and Taiwan, other than through MGM China;
the ability of the Macau government to (i) terminate MGM Grand Paradise’s concession under certain circumstances without compensating MGM Grand Paradise, (ii) from the eighth year of MGM Grand Paradise’s concession, redeem the concession by providing MGM Grand Paradise at least one year’s prior notice and subject to the payment of reasonable and fair damages or indemnity to MGM Grand Paradise, or (iii) refuse to grant MGM Grand Paradise an extension of the concession prior to its expiry; and
the potential for conflicts of interest to arise because certain of our directors and officers are also directors of MGM China.

Any forward-looking statement made by us in this Form 10-Q speaks only as of the date on which it is made. Factors or events that could cause our actual results to differ may emerge from time to time, and it is not possible for us to predict all of them. We undertake no obligation to publicly update any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future developments or otherwise, except as may be required by law. If we update one or more forward-looking statements, no inference should be made that we will make additional updates with respect to those or other forward-looking statements.

You should also be aware that while we from time to time communicate with securities analysts, we do not disclose to them any material non-public information, internal forecasts or other confidential business information. Therefore, you should not assume that we agree with any statement or report issued by any analyst, irrespective of the content of the statement or report. To the extent that reports issued by securities analysts contain projections, forecasts or opinions, those reports are not our responsibility and are not endorsed by us.

Item 3.         Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

We incorporate by reference the information appearing under “Market Risk” in Part I, Item 2 of this Form 10-Q.

Item 4.        Controls and Procedures

Disclosure Controls and Procedures

Our Chief Executive Officer (principal executive officer) and Chief Financial Officer (principal financial officer) have concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (“the Exchange Act”)) were effective as of March 31, 2024 to provide reasonable assurance that information required to be disclosed in the Company’s reports under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC rules and regulations and to provide that such information is accumulated and communicated to management to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosures. This conclusion is based on an evaluation as required by Rules 13a-15(b) and 15d-15(b) under the Exchange Act conducted under the supervision and participation of the principal executive officer and principal financial officer along with company management.

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

During the quarter ended March 31, 2024, there were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting that materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
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Part II. OTHER INFORMATION

Item 1.        Legal Proceedings

See discussion of legal proceedings in Note 8 – Commitments and Contingencies in the accompanying consolidated financial statements.

Item 1A.    Risk Factors

A description of certain factors that may affect our future results and risk factors is set forth in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023. Except as set forth below, there have been no material changes to those factors previously disclosed in our 2023 Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Our substantial indebtedness and significant financial commitments, including our rent payments and guarantees we provide of the indebtedness of the landlords of Bellagio, Mandalay Bay. and MGM Grand Las Vegas could adversely affect our operations and financial results and impact our ability to satisfy our obligations. As of March 31, 2024, we had approximately $6.3 billion of principal amount of indebtedness outstanding on a consolidated basis, including $3.0 billion of outstanding indebtedness of MGM China. Any increase in the interest rates applicable to our existing or future borrowings would increase the cost of our indebtedness and reduce the cash flow available to fund our other liquidity needs. We do not guarantee MGM China’s obligations under its debt agreements and, to the extent MGM China was to cease to produce cash flow sufficient to service its indebtedness, our ability to make additional investments into MGM China is limited by the covenants in our existing senior credit facility.

In addition, our substantial indebtedness and significant financial commitments could have important negative consequences on us, including:

• increasing our exposure to general adverse economic and industry conditions;
• limiting our flexibility to plan for, or react to, changes in our business and industry;
• limiting our ability to borrow additional funds for working capital requirements, capital expenditures, debt service requirements, execution of our business strategy (including returning value to our shareholders) or other general operating requirements;
• making it more difficult for us to make payments on our indebtedness; or
• placing us at a competitive disadvantage compared to less-leveraged competitors.

We currently also provide shortfall guarantees of the $3.01 billion and $3.0 billion principal amount of indebtedness (and any interest accrued and unpaid thereon) of the landlords of Bellagio and Mandalay Bay and MGM Grand Las Vegas, respectively. The terms of each guarantee provide that, after the lenders have exhausted certain remedies to collect on the obligations under the underlying indebtedness, we would then be responsible for any shortfall between the value of the collateral and the debt obligation, which amount may be material, and we may not have sufficient cash on hand to fund any such obligation to the extent it is triggered in the future. We also provide for guarantees (i) in the amount of 12.65 billion yen (approximately $84 million as of March 31, 2024) for 50% of Osaka IR KK’s obligations to Osaka under various agreements related to the venture’s development of an integrated resort in Osaka, Japan and (ii) of an uncapped amount to provide funding to Osaka IR KK, if necessary, for the completion of the construction and full opening of the integrated resort. The guarantees expire when the obligations relating to the full opening of the integrated resort are fulfilled. If we do not have sufficient cash on hand to satisfy any obligations with respect to any of these guarantees or our other financial commitments, we may need to raise capital, including incurring additional indebtedness, in order to satisfy our obligation. There can be no assurance that any financing will be available to us, or, if available, will be on terms that are satisfactory to us.

Under the terms of MGM Grand Paradise’s concession, MGM Grand Paradise is required to implement certain investments in gaming and non-gaming projects, for which the non-gaming commitment is subject to increase if market-wide Macau annual gross gaming revenue reaches a specified level. There can be no assurance, however, that MGM Grand Paradise will have sufficient cash on hand to fund these obligations, including any increased investment amounts to the extent they are triggered in the future, or that it would be able to obtain financing to fund these obligations on satisfactory terms or at all. If MGM Grand Paradise is unable to satisfy its investment commitments, its concession contract may be subject to termination by the Macau government.

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Moreover, our businesses are capital intensive. For our owned, leased and managed properties to remain attractive and competitive, we must periodically invest significant capital to keep the properties well-maintained, modernized and refurbished. The leases for our operating properties have fixed rental payments (with annual escalators) and also require us to apply a percentage of net revenues generated at the leased properties to capital expenditures at those properties. Such investments require an ongoing supply of cash and, to the extent that we cannot fund expenditures from cash generated by operations, funds must be borrowed or otherwise obtained. Similarly, development projects, including any potential future development of an integrated resort in Japan, strategic initiatives, including positioning BetMGM as a leader in online sports betting and iGaming, investments in the growth of our international digital gaming business, and acquisitions could require significant capital commitments, the incurrence of additional debt, guarantees of third-party debt or the incurrence of contingent liabilities, any or all of which could have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, and cash flows.

Item 2.        Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

The following table provides information about share repurchases of our common stock during the quarter ended March 31, 2024:
 Total Number of Shares Purchased
Average Price Paid per Share (1)
Total Number
of Shares
Purchased as
Part of a Publicly Announced Program
Dollar Value of Shares that May Yet be Purchased Under the Program(1)
Period(In thousands)
January 1, 2024 — January 31, 20244,796,438$43.27 4,796,438$1,958,636 
February 1, 2024 — February 29, 20243,535,536$43.01 3,535,536$1,806,577 
March 1, 2024 — March 31, 20243,100,626$43.19 3,100,626$1,672,665 

(1) In accordance with applicable disclosure requirements, the “Average Price Paid per Share” figures presented above are calculated on an execution date (trade date) basis and exclude commissions and other expenses, such as excise taxes. Figures presented under “Dollar Value of Shares that May Yet be Purchased Under the Program” indicate the total amount of authorized capacity remaining in accordance with the terms of the applicable share repurchase plan. The amount authorized under the February 2023 $2.0 billion stock repurchase plan includes the cost of commissions, while the amount authorized under the November 2023 $2.0 billion stock repurchase plan excludes the cost of commissions. The amount authorized for both plans excludes other expenses, such as excise taxes.

In February 2023, we announced that the Board of Directors had authorized a $2.0 billion stock repurchase plan, and, in November 2023, we announced that the Board of Directors had authorized a $2.0 billion stock repurchase plan. Under the stock repurchase plans, we may repurchase shares from time to time in the open market or in privately negotiated agreements. Repurchases of common stock may also be made under a Rule 10b5-1 plan, which would permit common stock to be purchased when we might otherwise be precluded from doing so under insider trading laws. The timing, volume and nature of stock repurchases will be at the sole discretion of management, dependent on market conditions, applicable securities laws, and other factors, and may be suspended or discontinued at any time. All shares we repurchased during the quarter ended March 31, 2024 were purchased pursuant to our publicly announced stock repurchase plan and have been retired.