Company Quick10K Filing
Quick10K
Mullan Agritech
10-Q 2019-06-30 Quarter: 2019-06-30
S-1 2019-06-27 Public Filing
10-Q 2019-03-31 Quarter: 2019-03-31
10-K 2018-12-31 Annual: 2018-12-31
10-Q 2018-09-30 Quarter: 2018-09-30
10-Q 2018-06-30 Quarter: 2018-06-30
10-Q 2018-03-31 Quarter: 2018-03-31
10-K 2017-12-31 Annual: 2017-12-31
10-Q 2017-09-30 Quarter: 2017-09-30
10-Q 2017-06-30 Quarter: 2017-06-30
10-Q 2017-03-31 Quarter: 2017-03-31
10-K 2016-12-31 Annual: 2016-12-31
10-Q 2016-09-30 Quarter: 2016-09-30
10-Q 2016-06-30 Quarter: 2016-06-30
10-Q 2016-03-31 Quarter: 2016-03-31
10-K 2015-12-31 Annual: 2015-12-31
10-Q 2015-09-30 Quarter: 2015-09-30
10-Q 2015-06-30 Quarter: 2015-06-30
8-K 2019-05-07 Shareholder Rights, Amend Bylaw, Exhibits
8-K 2018-06-29 Enter Agreement, Sale of Shares, Exhibits
HPPI Hedgepath Pharmaceuticals 111
GLLA Gilla 4
QPWR Q2Earth 3
ENCR Ener-Core 2
HWH HWH 0
CMDS Canfield Medical Supply 0
PING Ping Identity 0
IMAV I-Minerals 0
TWX Time Warner 0
KLMN Kalmin 0
MHDG 2019-06-30
Part I - Financial Information
Item 1. Financial Statements.
Note 1 - Organization and Nature of Operations
Note 2 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Note 3 - Accounts Receivable
Note 4 - Inventories
Note 5 - Prepayment
Note 6 - Property, Plant and Equipment
Note 7 - Intangible Assets
Note 8 - Deferred Tax Assets, Net
Note 9 - Loans Payable
Note 10 - Stockholders Deficit
Note 11 - Related Party Transactions
Note 12 - Concentrations
Note 13 - Income Taxes
Note 14 - Business Segments
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 4. Controls and Procedures.
Part II - Other Information
Item 1. Legal Proceedings.
Item 1A. Risk Factors.
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities.
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures.
Item 5. Other Information.
Item 6. Exhibits.
EX-31.1 f10q0619ex31-1_muliang.htm
EX-32.1 f10q0619ex32-1_muliang.htm
EX-32.2 f10q0619ex32-2_muliang.htm

Mullan Agritech Earnings 2019-06-30

MHDG 10Q Quarterly Report

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow

10-Q 1 f10q0619_muliangagritech.htm QUARTERLY REPORT

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

Form 10-Q

 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2019

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

Commission File Number: 333-201360

 

MULIANG AGRITECH, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Nevada   NA
(State or other jurisdiction of   (I.R.S. Employer
incorporation or organization)   Identification No.)

 

2498 Wanfeng Highway, Lane 181

Fengjing Town, Jinshan District
Shanghai, China

(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)

 

(86) 21-67355092

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the issuer (1) filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☒ No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes  ☒ No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer Accelerated filer ☐ 
Non-accelerated filer ☐  Smaller reporting company ☒ 
    Emerging growth company ☒ 

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ☐ No ☒

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of Each Class   Trading Symbol(s)   Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered
N/A        

 

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date: As of August 14, 2019, the registrant had 56,341,718 shares of its common stock outstanding.

 

 

 

 

 

MULIANG AGRITECH, INC.

 

QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM 10-Q

June 30, 2019

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

  Page
     
PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION  
     
Item 1. Financial Statements (unaudited) 1
     
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 28
     
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk 38
     
Item 4. Controls and Procedures 38
     
PART II - OTHER INFORMATION  
     
Item 1. Legal Proceedings 39
     
Item 1A. Risk Factors 39
     
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities 39
     
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities 39
     
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures 39
     
Item 5. Other Information 39
     
Item 6. Exhibits 39
     
  Signatures 40

  

i

 

  

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Financial Statements.

 

The following unaudited interim financial statements of Muliang Agritech, Inc. (referred to herein as the “Company,” “we,” “us” or “our”) are included in this quarterly report on Form 10-Q:

 

INDEX TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

  PAGE
   
Consolidated Balance Sheets as of June 30, 2019 (Unaudited) and December 31, 2018 (Audited) 2
   
Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018 3
   
Condensed Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity for the year ended December 31, 2018 and six months ended June 30, 2019 4
   
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018 5
   
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements 6

 

1

 

  

MULIANG AGRITECH, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

AS OF JUNE 30, 2019 AND DECEMBER 31 2018

 

   June 30,   December 31, 
   2019   2018 
       Audited 
ASSETS        
Current Assets:        
Cash and cash equivalents  $12,270   $12,778 
Accounts receivable, net   5,200,253    4,090,887 
Inventories   615,680    446,630 
Prepayment   1,563,775    1,491,102 
Other receivables, net   253,967    102,733 
Total Current Assets   7,645,945    6,144,130 
           
Property, plant and equipment, net   14,663,749    14,927,323 
Intangible assets, net   3,187,105    3,213,130 
Other assets and deposits   57,553    74,268 
Deferred tax asset   456,297    454,751 
           
Total Assets  $26,010,649   $24,813,602 
           
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY          
           
Current Liabilities:          
Short-term loans  $-   $150,515 
Current portion of long-term debt   4,362,989    5,453,435 
Accounts payable and accrued payables   4,828,813    4,469,392 
Accounts payable - related party   116,735    116,340 
Advances from customers   220,567    211,114 
Income tax  payable   675,618    430,181 
Other payables   881,095    816,724 
Due to related party   841,246    1,615,547 
Total Current Liabilities   11,927,063    13,263,248 
           
Long-term loans   4,344,730    3,454,543 
Total Liabilities   16,271,793    16,717,791 
           
Stockholders’ Equity:          
Common stock, $0.0001 par value, 500,000,000 shares authorized, 56,341,718 shares issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively.   5,634    5,634 
Additional paid in capital   19,398,854    19,398,854 
Accumulated deficit   (10,159,983)   (11,773,401)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss   364,285    344,187 
Stockholders’ Equity - Mullan Agritech Inc. and Subsidiaries   9,608,790    7,975,274 
Noncontrolling interest   130,066    120,537 
Total Stockholders’ Equity   9,738,856    8,095,811 
Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity  $26,010,649   $24,813,602 

   

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements

 

2

 

  

MULIANG AGRITECH, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE LOSS

FOR THE THREE AND SIX MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30, 2019 AND 2018

(Unaudited)

 

   For the Three
Months Ended
June 30,
   For the Six
Months Ended
June 30,
 
   2019   2018   2019   2018 
                 
Revenues  $4,242,756   $5,567,453   $6,468,124   $6,755,473 
Cost of goods sold   2,462,699    2,943,028    3,801,575    3,625,807 
Gross profit (loss)   1,780,057    2,624,425    2,666,549    3,129,666 
              
Operating expenses:                    
General and administrative expenses   266,366    278,984    607,922    671,494 
Selling expenses   144,753    141,085    321,753    164,402 
Total operating expenses   411,119    420,069    929,675    835,896 
                     
Income (Loss) from operations   1,368,938    2,204,356    1,736,874    2,293,770 
                     
Other income (expense):                    
Interest expense   (87,919)   (115,988)   (182,515)   (224,069)
Subsidy income   -   (4)   146,353    2,184 
Rental income, net   45,417    74,997    168,377    148,523 
Other income (expense), net   (1,562)   (16,179)   (768)   (25,355)
Total other income (expense)   (44,064)   (57,174)   131,447    (98,717)
                     
Income (Loss) before income taxes   1,324,874    2,147,182    1,868,321    2,195,053 
                     
Income taxes   149,623    -    247,483    - 
                     
Net income  $1,175,251   $2,147,182   $1,620,838   $2,195,053 
                     
Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interest  $4,493   $(28,336)  $7,420   $(28,336)
Net income (loss) attributable to Mullan Agritech, Inc. common stockholders  $1,170,758   $2,175,518   $1,613,418   $2,223,389 
                     
Other comprehensive income (loss):                    
Unrealized foreign currency translation adjustment   (196,874)   (133,936)   22,207    (109,647)
                     
Total Comprehensive income  $978,377   $2,013,246   $1,643,045   $2,085,406 
Total comprehensive (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests   5,587    (1,312)   9,529    (24,441)
Total comprehensive income attributable to Mullan Agritech, Inc. common stockholders  $972,790   $2,014,558   $1,633,516   $2,109,847 
                     
Earnings per common share                    
Basic and diluted  $0.02   $0.04   $0.03   $0.04 
                     
Weighted average common shares outstanding                    
Basic   56,341,718    56,003,745    56,341,718    56,001,872 
Diluted   56,341,718    56,003,745    56,341,718    56,001,872 

  

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements

 

3

 

  

MULIANG AGRITECH, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

FOR THE SIX MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30, 2019 AND 2018
(Unaudited)

   Common Stock   Additional
Paid-in
   Accumulated   Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
   Non-controlling     
   Shares   Amount   Capital   Deficit   Income (Loss)   Interest   Total 
Balance, December 31, 2017   56,000,000   $5,600   $16,817,585   $(16,118,404)  $240,402   $(14,903)  $930,280 
Issuance of common stock   341,718    34    2,581,269    -    -    -    2,581,303 
Net income   -    -    -    2,223,389    -    (28,336)   2,195,053 
Foreign currency translation adjustment   -    -    -    -    (113,542)   3,895    109,647 
Balance, June 30, 2018   56,341,718   $5,634   $19,398,854   $(13,895,015)  $126,860   $(39,344)  $5,596,989 
                                    
Balance, December 31, 2018   56,341,718   $5,634   $19,398,854   $(11,773,401)  $344,187   $120,537   $8,095,811 
                                    
Net income   -    -    -    1,613,418    -    7,420    1,620,838 
Foreign currency translation adjustment   -    -    -    -    20,098    2,109    22,207 
Balance, June 30, 2019   56,341,718   $5,634   $19,398,854   $(10,159,983)  $364,285   $130,066   $9,738,856 

 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements

 

4

 

  

MULIANG AGRITECH, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

FOR THE SIX MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30, 2019 AND 2018

(Unaudited)

 

   For the Six
Months Ended
 
   June 30, 
   2019   2018 
         
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES        
Net income  $1,620,838   $2,195,053 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:          
Depreciation and amortization   496,612    504,757 
Changes in assets and liabilities:          
Accounts receivable   (1,111,213)   (2,147,214)
Inventories   (169,942)   (273,463)
Advances to suppliers   -    (94,546)
Prepaid expense   81,851    (66,146)
Other receivables   (153,055)   (5,968)
Accounts payable and accrued payables   349,176    1,007,098 
Accounts payable - related party   -    125,658 
Advances from customers   8,861    594,598 
Income tax payable   247,483    - 
Other payables   80,398    144,926 
Net cash provided by operating activities   1,451,009    1,984,753 
           
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES          
Purchase of biological assets   (18,482)   - 
Purchase of plant and equipment   -    (73,603)
Investment in construction in progress   (255,018)   (1,516,880)
Net cash used in investing activities   (273,500)   (1,590,483)
           
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES          
Proceeds of common stock issuance   -    2,344,444 
Proceeds from (Repayment to) third party individual   (219,060)   1,581,813 
Repayment to related party   (791,010)   (3,522,824)
Repayment of short-term loans   (168,000)   (785,361)
Net cash used in financing activities   (1,178,070)   (381,928)
           
EFFECT OF EXCHANGE RATE CHANGES ON CASH   53    (626)
           
NET INCREASE (DECREASE) IN CASH   (508)   11,716 
CASH, BEGINNING OF PERIOD   12,778    9,051 
CASH, END OF PERIOD  $12,270   $20,767 
    -      
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURES:          
Cash paid during the period for:          
Cash paid for interest expense, net of capitalized interest  $96,744   $193,627 
Cash paid for income tax  $-   $- 
           
NON-CASH TRANSACTIONS OF INVESTING AND FINANCING ACTIVITIES          
Long term loan transfer to current portion of long-term debt  $(1,110,135)  $1,099,505 
Related party debt converted to common shares  $-   $326,348 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements

 

5

 

  

MULIANG AGRITECH, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES OF CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 1 – ORGANIZATION AND NATURE OF OPERATIONS

 

Muliang Agritech, Inc. formerly known as M & A Holding Corporation. (“Muliang Agritech”) was incorporated under the laws of the State of Nevada on November 5, 2014. Muliang Agritech’s core business activities of developing, manufacturing, and selling organic fertilizers and bio-organic fertilizers for use in agricultural industry are conducted through several indirectly owned subsidiaries in China.

 

On June 9, 2016, Muliang Agritech filed a Certificate of Amendment to its Articles of Incorporation (the “Amendment”) with the Secretary of State of the State of Nevada, changing its name from “M & A Holding Corporation,” to “Mullan Agritech, Inc.”  

 

On July 11, 2016, the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA) effected in the marketplace the change of the corporate name from “M & A Holding Corporation,” to “Mullan Agritech, Inc.”, and effective on such date.

 

On April 4, 2019, the Company changed its corporate name from “Mullan Agritech Inc.” to “Muliang Agritech Inc.” The name change took effect on May 7, 2019. In connection with the name change, our stock symbol changed to “MULG”. Muliang Agritech trades under its new name, Muliang Agritech, Inc.

  

History

 

Shanghai Muliang Industry Co., Ltd. (referred to herein as “Muliang Industry”) was incorporated in PRC on December 7, 2006 as a limited liability company, owned 95% by Lirong Wang and 5% by Zongfang Wang. Muliang Industry through its own operations and its subsidiaries is engaged in the business of developing, manufacturing, and selling organic fertilizers and bio-organic fertilizers for use in the agricultural industry.

 

On May 27, 2013, Muliang Industry entered into and consummated an equity purchase agreement whereby it acquired 99% of the outstanding equity of Weihai Fukang Bio-Fertilizer Co., Ltd. (“Fukang”), a corporation organized under the laws of the People’s Republic of China. Fukang was incorporated in Weihai City, Shandong Province on January 6, 2009. Fukang is focused on the distribution of organic fertilizers and the development of new bio-organic fertilizers. As a result of the completion of the transaction, Fukang became a 99% owned subsidiary of Muliang Industry, with the remaining 1% equity interest owned by Mr. Hui Song.

 

On July 11, 2013, Muliang Industry established a wholly owned subsidiary, Shanghai Muliang Agritech Development Co., Ltd. (“Agritech Development”) in Shanghai, China. On November 6, 2013, Muliang Industry sold 40% of the outstanding equity of Agritech Development to Mr. Jianping Zhang for consideration of approximately $65,000 or RMB 400,000. Agritech Development does not currently conduct any operations.

 

On July 17, 2013, Muliang Industry entered into an equity purchase agreement to acquire 100% of the outstanding equity of Shanghai Zongbao Environmental Construction Co., Ltd. (“Zongbao”) with consideration of approximately $3.2 million or RMB 20 million, effectively becoming the wholly-owned subsidiary of Muliang Industry. Zongbao was incorporated in Shanghai on January 25, 2008. Zongbao processes and distributes organic fertilizers. Zongbao wholly owns, Shanghai Zongbao Environmental Construction Co., Ltd. Cangzhou Branch (“Zongbao Cangzhou”).

 

On August 21, 2014, Muliang Agricultural Limited (“Muliang HK”) was incorporated in Hong Kong as an investment holding company.

 

6

 

 

MULIANG AGRITECH, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES OF CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 1 – ORGANIZATION AND NATURE OF OPERATIONS (CONTINUED)

 

January 27, 2015, Muliang HK incorporated a wholly foreign-owned enterprise, Shanghai Mufeng Investment Consulting Co., Ltd (“Shanghai Mufeng”), in the People’s Republic of China (“PRC”).

 

On July 8, 2015, Muliang Agritech entered into certain stock purchase agreement with Muliang Agriculture, Inc., pursuant to which Muliang Agritech, for a consideration of $5,000, acquired 100% interest in Muliang HK and its wholly-owned subsidiary Shanghai Mufeng. Both Muliang HK and Shanghai Mufeng are controlled by the Company’s sole officer and director, Lirong Wang.

 

On July 23, 2015, Muliang Industry established a wholly owned subsidiary, Shanghai Muliang Agricultural Sales Co., Ltd. (“Muliang Sales”) in Shanghai, China.

 

On September 3, 2015, Muliang Agritech effected a split of its outstanding common stock resulting in an aggregate of 150,525,000 shares outstanding of which 120,000,000 were owned by Chenxi Shi the founder of Muliang Agritech and its sole officer and director. The remaining 30,525,000 were held by a total of 39 investors.

 

On January 11, 2016, Muliang Agritech issued 129,475,000 shares of its common stock to Lirong Wang for an aggregate consideration of $64,737.50. On the same date, Chenxi Shi, the sole officer and director of Muliang Agritech on that date, transferred 120,000,000 shares of the common stock of the Company held by him to Lirong Wang for $800 pursuant to a transfer agreement.

 

On February 10, 2016, Shanghai Mufeng entered into a set of contractual agreements known as Variable Interest Entity (“VIE”) Agreements, including (1) Exclusive Technical Consulting and Service Agreement, (2) Equity Pledge Agreement, and (3) Call Option Cooperation Agreement, with Muliang Industry, and its Principal Shareholders. As a result of the Stock Purchase Agreement and the set of VIE Agreements, Shanghai Muliang Industry Co., Ltd., along with its consolidated subsidiaries, became entities controlled by Muliang Agritech whereby Muliang Agritech would derive all substantial economic benefit generated by Muliang Industry and its subsidiaries.

 

As a result, Muliang Agritech has a direct wholly-owned subsidiary, Muliang HK and an indirectly wholly owned subsidiary Shanghai Mufeng. Through its VIE Agreements, Muliang Agritech exercises control over Muliang Industry. Muliang Industry has two wholly-owned subsidiaries (Zongbao and Muliang Sales), one 99% owned subsidiary (Fukang), one 60% owned subsidiary (Agritech Development), and one indirectly wholly owned subsidiary Zongbao Cangzhou.

 

On June 6, 2016, Muliang Industry established a wholly-owned subsidiary, namely, Muliang (Ningling) Bio-chemical Fertilizer Co. Ltd (“Ningling Fertilizer”) in Henan Province, the central plain of China. On October 12, 2017, the Company ceased operation of Ningling Fertilizer and deregistered Ningling Fertilizer with the Administration for Industry and Commerce as the Land use right was not approved by the government. The Company closed Ningling Fertilizer with net assets of $2,275 and accumulated deficit of $34,739 as of October 12, 2017. The ceased operation does not constitute a strategic shift that will have a major effect on our operations or financial results and as such, the disposal is not classified as discontinued operations in our consolidated financial statements.

 

On July 7, 2016, Muliang Industry established a subsidiary, namely, Zhonglian Huinong (Beijing) Technology Co., Ltd (“Zhonglian”) in Beijing City, China. Muliang Industry owns 65% shares of Zhonglian, and a third-party company, Zhongrui Huilian (Beijing) Technology Co., Ltd owns the other 35% shares. Zhonglian has no operating activity as of December 31, 2018.

  

7

 

  

MULIANG AGRITECH, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES OF CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 1 – ORGANIZATION AND NATURE OF OPERATIONS (CONTINUED)

 

On October 27, 2016, Muliang Industry established a subsidiary, namely, Yunnan Muliang Animal Husbandry Development Co., Ltd (“Yunnan Muliang”) in Yunnan Province, China. Muliang Industry owns 55% shares of Yunnan Muliang, and a third-party company, Shuangbai County Development Investment Co., Ltd. owns the other 45% shares. On December 8, 2018, Muliang Industry acquired 25% of the shares of Yunnan Muliang with a consideration of $727,125 (RMB5,000,000) from Shuangbai County Development Investment Co., Ltd. And the other 20% of the shares were acquired by Lirong Wang. Yunnan Muliang was setup for goat slaughtering and processing project located in Shuangbai County, Chuxiong City, Yunnan Province, PRC.

 

On April 4, 2019, the Company’s Board of Directors and majority shareholder approved a 5 to 1 reverse stock split of all of the issued and outstanding shares of the Company’s common stock, change of corporate name from “Mullan Agritech Inc.” to “Muliang Agritech Inc.”, and creation of one hundred million (100,000,000) shares of Blank Check Preferred Stock.

 

On April 5, 2019, we filed a Certificate of Amendment to our Articles of Incorporation with the Secretary of State of the State of Nevada to reflect the Name Change and to authorize the creation of Blank Check Preferred Stock. As a result, the capital stock of the Company consists of 500,000,000 shares of common stock, $0.0001 par value, and 100,000,000 shares of blank check preferred stock, $0.0001 par value.

 

On April 16, 2019, we filed a Certificate of Change to our Articles of Incorporation with the Secretary of State of the State of Nevada to reflect the reverse stock split. Any fractional shares are to be rounded up to whole shares. The reverse stock split does not affect the par value or the number of authorized shares of common stock of the Company.

 

The reverse stock split and the name change took effect on May 7, 2019.

 

Muliang Agritech, Muliang HK, Shanghai Mufeng, Muliang Industry, Zongbao, Zongbao Cangzhou, Muliang Sales, Fukang, Agritech Development, Yunnan Muliang, and Zhonglian are referred to as subsidiaries the Company and its consolidated subsidiaries are collectively referred to herein as the “Company”, “we” and “us”, unless specific reference is made to an entity.

 

The consolidated financial statements were prepared assuming that the Company has controlled Muliang HK and its intermediary holding companies, operating subsidiaries, and variable interest entities: Shanghai Mufeng, Muliang Industry, Zongbao, Zongbao Cangzhou, Muliang Sales, Fukang, and Agritech Development, from the first period presented. The transactions detailed above have been accounted for as reverse takeover transaction and a recapitalization of the Company; accordingly, the Company (the legal acquirer) is considered the accounting acquiree and Muliang HK (the legal acquiree) is considered the accounting acquirer. No goodwill has been recorded. As a result of this transaction, the Company is deemed to be a continuation of the business of Muliang HK, Shanghai Mufeng, and Muliang Industry.

 

Liquidity and Going Concern

 

As reflected in the accompanying consolidated financial statements, we had net accumulated deficit of $10,159,983 and $11,773,401 as of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively. Our cash balances as of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018 were $12,270 and $12,778, respectively. We had current liabilities of $11,927,063 and $13,263,248 at June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, which would be due within the next 12 months. In addition, we had a working capital deficit of $4,281,118 and $7,119,118 at June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively.

 

The company plans to continue its expansion and investments, which will require continued improvements in revenue, net income, and cash flows.

 

The ability of the Company to continue as a going concern is dependent on the Company’s ability to further implement its business plan, raise additional capital, and generate more revenues. The consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments that might be necessary if the Company is unable to continue as a going concern.

 

8

 

  

MULIANG AGRITECH, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES OF CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 2 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

Basis of Presentation

 

The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared in conformity with US GAAP. The basis of accounting differs from that used in the statutory accounts of the Company, which are prepared in accordance with the accounting principles of the PRC (“PRC GAAP”). The differences between US GAAP and PRC GAAP have been adjusted in these consolidated financial statements. The Company’s functional currency is the Chinese Renminbi (“RMB”); however, the accompanying consolidated financial statements have been translated and presented in United States Dollars (“USD”). 

 

Interim Financial Statements

 

The accompanying unaudited financial statements have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) applicable to interim financial information and the requirements of Form 10-Q and Rule 8-03 of Regulation S-X of the Securities and Exchange Commission. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and disclosure required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America for complete financial statements. Interim results are not necessarily indicative of results for a full year. In the opinion of management, all adjustments considered necessary for a fair presentation of the financial position and the results of operations and cash flows for the interim periods have been included. These interim financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2018, as not all disclosures required by generally accepted accounting principles for annual financial statements are presented. The interim financial statements follow the same accounting policies and methods of computations as the audited financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2018.

 

Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of these financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires the Company to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of these financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. The Company bases its estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances. Accordingly, actual results may differ from these estimates. Significant estimates include the useful lives of property and equipment, land use rights, assumptions used in assessing collectability of receivables and impairment for long-term assets.

 

Principles of Consolidation

 

Muliang Agritech consolidates the following entities, including wholly-owned subsidiaries, Muliang HK, Shanghai Mufeng, and its wholly controlled variable interest entities, Muliang Industry, and Zhongbao, 60% controlled Agritech Development, 99% controlled Fukang, 65% controlled Zhonglian and 80% controlled Yunnan Muliang. The 40% equity interest holder of Agritech Development, 1% equity interest holders in Fukang, 35% equity interest holders in Zhonglian, and 20% interest in Yunnan Muliang are accounted as non-controlling interest in the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

 

The variable interest entities consolidated for which the Company is deemed the primary beneficiary. All significant inter-company accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

  

9

 

  

MULIANG AGRITECH, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES OF CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 2 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (CONTINUED)

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents

 

For purposes of the statements of cash flows, the Company considers all highly liquid instruments purchased with a maturity of three months or less and money market accounts to be cash equivalents. The Company maintains cash with various financial institutions.

 

Accounts Receivable

 

Accounts receivable are presented net of an allowance for doubtful accounts. The Company maintains allowances for doubtful accounts for estimated losses. The Company reviews the accounts receivable on a periodic basis and makes general and specific allowances when there is doubt as to the collectability of individual balances. In evaluating the collectability of individual receivable balances, the Company considers many factors, including the age of the balance, a customer’s historical payment history, its current credit-worthiness and current economic trends. Accounts are written off after exhaustive efforts at collection.

 

Inventories

 

Inventories, consisting of raw materials, work in process and finished goods related to the Company’s products are stated at the lower of cost or market utilizing the weighted average method.

 

Property, Plant and Equipment

 

Plant and equipment are carried at cost and are depreciated on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives of the assets. The cost of repairs and maintenance is expensed as incurred; major replacements and improvements are capitalized. When assets are retired or disposed of, the cost and accumulated depreciation are removed from the accounts, and any resulting gains or losses are included in income in the year of disposition. The Company examines the possibility of decreases in the value of fixed assets when events or changes in circumstances reflect the fact that their recorded value may not be recoverable.

 

Included in property and equipment is construction-in-progress which consisted of factory improvements and machinery pending installation and includes the costs of construction, machinery and equipment, and any interest charges arising from borrowings used to finance these assets during the period of construction or installation of the assets. No provision for depreciation is made on construction-in-progress until such time as the relevant assets are completed and ready for their intended use.

 

Estimated useful lives of the Company’s assets are as follows:

 

    Useful Life
Building   20 years
Operating equipment   5-10 years
Vehicle   3-5 years
Electronic equipment   3-20 years
Office equipment   3-20 years
Apple orchard   10 years

 

10

 

  

MULIANG AGRITECH, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES OF CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 2 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (CONTINUED)

  

The apple orchard includes rental for an apple farm, labor cost, fertilizers, apple seeds, apple seedlings and others. The costs to purchase and cultivate apple trees and the expenditures related to labor and materials to plant apple trees until they become commercially productive are capitalized, which require a two-year period. The estimated production life for apple tree is 10 years, and the costs are depreciated without a residual value. Expenses incurred maintaining apple trees during the growth cycle until seedling apple trees or grafted varieties are fruited are capitalized into inventory and included in Work in Process—apple orchard, a component of inventories.

 

Depreciation expenses pertaining to apple trees will be included in inventory costs for those apples to be sold and ultimately become a component of cost of goods sold. Similar to other assets, the failure of our apple trees to be serviceable over the entirety of their anticipated useful lives or to be sold at their anticipated residual value will negatively impact our operating results.

 

Intangible Assets

 

Included in the intangible assets are land use rights. According to the laws of the PRC, the government owns all the land in the PRC. Companies or individuals are authorized to possess and use the land only through land use rights granted by the Chinese government. Intangible assets are being amortized using the straight-line method over their lease terms or estimated useful life.

 

Estimated useful lives of the Company’s intangible assets are as follows:

 

    Useful Life
Land use rights   50 years
Non-patented technology   10 years

 

The Company carries intangible assets at cost less accumulated amortization. In accordance with US GAAP, the Company examines the possibility of decreases in the value of intangible assets when events or changes in circumstances reflect the fact that their recorded value may not be recoverable. The Company computes amortization using the straight-line method over estimated useful life of 50 years for the land use rights.

 

Impairment of Long-lived Assets

 

In accordance with ASC Topic 360, the Company reviews long-lived assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of the assets may not be fully recoverable, or at least annually. The Company recognizes an impairment loss when the sum of expected undiscounted future cash flows is less than the carrying amount of the asset. The amount of impairment is measured as the difference between the asset’s estimated fair value and its book value. The Company recorded no impairment charge for the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018. 

 

11

 

 

MULIANG AGRITECH, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES OF CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 2 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (CONTINUED)

  

Advances from Customers

 

Advances from customers consist of prepayments from customers for merchandise that had not yet been shipped. The Company will recognize the deposits as revenue as customers take delivery of the goods and title to the assets is transferred to customers in accordance with the Company’s revenue recognition policy.

 

Non-controlling Interest

 

Non-controlling interests in the Company’s subsidiaries are recorded in accordance with the provisions of ASC 810 and are reported as a component of equity, separate from the parent’s equity. Purchase or sale of equity interests that do not result in a change of control are accounted for as equity transactions. Results of operations attributable to the non-controlling interest are included in our consolidated results of operations and, upon loss of control, the interest sold, as well as interest retained, if any, will be reported at fair value with any gain or loss recognized in earnings.

 

Revenue Recognition

 

On January 1, 2018, the Company adopted ASC 606 using the modified retrospective method. Results for the reporting period beginning after January 1, 2018 are presented under ASC 606, while prior period amounts have not been adjusted and continue to be reported in accordance with the Company’s historic accounting under Topic 605.

 

Management has determined that the adoption of ASC 606 did not impact the Company’s previously reported financial statements in any prior period nor did it result in a cumulative effect adjustment to opening retained earnings.

 

Revenue for sale of products is derived from contracts with customers, which primarily include the sale of fertilizer products and environmental protection equipment. The Company’s sales arrangements do not contain variable consideration. The Company recognizes revenue at a point in time based on management’s evaluation of when performance obligations under the terms of a contract with the customer are satisfied and control of the products has been transferred to the customer. For vast majority of the Company’s product sales, the performance obligations and control of the products transfer to the customer when products are delivered, and customer acceptance is made.

  

Pursuant to the guidance of ASC Topic 840, rent shall be reported as income by lessors over the lease term as it becomes receivable. The Company currently leased part of the building of the Shanghai new plant to third parties as warehouse. The Company recognizes building leasing revenue over the beneficial period described by the agreement, as the revenue is realized or realizable and earned. 

 

The Company recognized rental income from leasing a portion of its manufacturing facility located in Shanghai to third parties. For the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, rental income of $253,878 and $239,254 were recognized as other income.

 

Cost of Sales

 

Cost of goods sold consists primarily of raw materials, utility and supply costs consumed in the manufacturing process, manufacturing labor, depreciation expense and direct overhead expenses necessary to manufacture finished goods as well as warehousing and distribution costs such as inbound freight charges, shipping and handling costs, purchasing and receiving costs.

 

12

 

 

MULIANG AGRITECH, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES OF CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 2 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (CONTINUED)

 

Income Taxes

 

The Company accounts for income taxes under the provisions of Section 740-10-30 of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification, which is an asset and liability approach that requires the recognition of deferred tax assets and liabilities for the expected future tax consequences of events that have been recognized in its financial statements or tax returns.

 

The Company is subject to the Enterprise Income Tax law (“EIT”) of the People’s Republic of China. The Company’s operations in producing and selling fertilizers are subject to the 25% enterprise income tax.

 

Related Parties

 

Parties are related to the Company if the parties, directly or indirectly, through one or more intermediaries, control, are controlled by, or are under common control with the Company. Related parties also include principal owners of the Company, its management, members of the immediate families of principal owners of the Company and its management and other parties with which the Company may deal if one party controls or can significantly influence the management or operating policies of the other to an extent that one of the transacting parties might be prevented from fully pursuing its own separate interests. The Company discloses all related party transactions.

 

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

 

Comprehensive income (loss) comprised of net income (loss) and all changes to the statements of stockholders’ equity, except those due to investments by stockholders, changes in paid-in capital and distributions to stockholders. The Company’s comprehensive income (loss) consist of net income (loss) and unrealized gains from foreign currency translation adjustments.

 

Reclassification

 

Certain prior year balances have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation. These reclassifications had no impact on net earnings or financial position.

 

Foreign Currency Translation

 

The Company’s functional currency is the Chinese Renminbi (“RMB”); however, the accompanying consolidated financial statements have been translated and presented in United States Dollars (“USD”). Results of operations and cash flows are translated at average exchange rates during the period, assets and liabilities are translated at the unified exchange rate at the end of the period, and equity is translated at historical exchange rates. As a result, amounts relating to assets and liabilities reported on the statements of cash flows may not necessarily agree with the changes in the corresponding balances on the balance sheets. Translation adjustments resulting from the process of translating the local currency financial statements into U.S. dollars are included in determining comprehensive income/loss. The translation adjustment for six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018 were gain of $22,207 and loss of $109,647, respectively. Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are translated into the functional currency at the exchange rates prevailing on the transaction dates. Assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are translated into the functional currency at the exchange rates prevailing at the balance sheet date with any transaction gains and losses that arise from exchange rate fluctuations on transactions denominated in a currency other than the functional currency are included in the results of operations as incurred.

 

13

 

 

MULIANG AGRITECH, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES OF CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 2 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (CONTINUED)

 

All of the Company’s revenue transactions are transacted in the functional currency. The Company does not enter into any material transaction in foreign currencies. Transaction gains or losses have not had, and are not expected to have, a material effect on the results of operations of the Company.

 

Asset and liability accounts at June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018 were translated at 6.8531 RMB to $1 USD and 6.8764 RMB to $1 USD, respectively, which were the exchange rates on the balance sheet dates. The average translation rates applied to the statements of income for the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018 were 6.7559 RMB and 6.3665 RMB to $1 USD, respectively.

 

Earnings (Loss) per Share

 

Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing net income available to common stockholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period, excluding the effects of any potentially dilutive securities. Diluted earnings per share gives effect to all dilutive potential of shares of common stock outstanding during the period including stock options or warrants, using the treasury stock method (by using the average stock price for the period to determine the number of shares assumed to be purchased from the exercise of stock options or warrants), and convertible debt or convertible preferred stock, using the if-converted method. Earnings per share excludes all potential dilutive shares of common stock if their effect is anti-dilutive. There were no potential dilutive securities at June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018 and for the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018.

 

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

 

The Company adopted the guidance of ASC Topic 820 for fair value measurements which clarifies the definition of fair value, prescribes methods for measuring fair value, and establishes a fair value hierarchy to classify the inputs used in measuring fair value as follows:

 

Level 1-Inputs are unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities available at the measurement date.

 

Level 2-Inputs are unadjusted quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar assets and liabilities in markets that are not active, inputs other than quoted prices that are observable, and inputs derived from or corroborated by observable market data.

 

Level 3-Inputs are unobservable inputs which reflect the reporting entity’s own assumptions on what assumptions the market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability based on the best available information.

 

The carrying amounts reported in the balance sheets for cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, inventories, advances to suppliers, prepaid expenses, short-term loans, accounts payable, accrued expenses, advances from customers, VAT and service taxes payable and income taxes payable approximate their fair market value based on the short-term maturity of these instruments.

   

ASC Topic 825-10 “Financial Instruments” allows entities to voluntarily choose to measure certain financial assets and liabilities at fair value (fair value option). The fair value option may be elected on an instrument-by-instrument basis and is irrevocable, unless a new election date occurs. If the fair value option is elected for an instrument, unrealized gains and losses for that instrument should be reported in earnings at each subsequent reporting date. The Company did not elect to apply the fair value option to any outstanding instruments.

  

14

 

  

MULIANG AGRITECH, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES OF CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 2 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (CONTINUED)

 

The following table summarizes the carrying values of the Company’s financial instruments: 

 

   June 30,   December 31, 
   2019   2018 
         
Short-term loan   -    150,515 
Current portion of long-term debt   4,362,989    5,453,435 
Long-term loan   4,344,730    3,454,543 

 

Government Contribution Plan

 

Pursuant to the laws applicable to PRC law, the Company is required to participate in a government-mandated multi-employer defined contribution plan pursuant to which certain retirement, medical and other welfare benefits are provided to employees. Chinese labor regulations require the Company to pay to the local labor bureau a monthly contribution at a stated contribution rate based on the monthly basic compensation of qualified employees. The relevant local labor bureau is responsible for meeting all retirement benefit obligations; the Company has no further commitments beyond its monthly contribution.

 

Statutory Reserve

 

Pursuant to the laws applicable to the PRC, the Company must make appropriations from after-tax profit to the non-distributable “statutory surplus reserve fund”. Subject to certain cumulative limits, the “statutory surplus reserve fund” requires annual appropriations of 10% of after-tax profit until the aggregated appropriations reach 50% of the registered capital (as determined under accounting principles generally accepted in the PRC (“PRC GAAP”) at each year-end). For foreign invested enterprises and joint ventures in the PRC, annual appropriations should be made to the “reserve fund”. For foreign invested enterprises, the annual appropriation for the “reserve fund” cannot be less than 10% of after-tax profits until the aggregated appropriations reach 50% of the registered capital (as determined under PRC GAAP at each year-end). If the Company has accumulated loss from prior periods, the Company is able to use the current period net income after tax to offset against the accumulate loss.

 

Segment Information

 

The standard, “Disclosures about Segments of an Enterprise and Related Information,” codified with ASC-280, requires certain financial and supplementary information to be disclosed on an annual and interim basis for each reportable segment of an enterprise. The Company believes that it operates in two business segments and in one geographical segment (China), as all of the Company’s current operations are carried in China.

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncement

 

In January 2017, the Financial Accounting Standard Board (“FASB”) issued guidance, which simplifies the accounting for goodwill impairment. The updated guidance eliminates Step 2 of the impairment test, which requires entities to calculate the implied fair value of goodwill to measure a goodwill impairment charge. Instead, entities will record an impairment charge based on the excess of a reporting unit’s carrying amount over its fair value.

 

In January 2017, the FASB issued guidance, which amended the existing accounting standards for business combinations. The amendments clarify the definition of a business with the objective of adding guidance to assist entities with evaluating whether transactions should be accounted for as acquisitions (or disposals) of assets or businesses.

 

15

 

  

MULIANG AGRITECH, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES OF CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 2 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (CONTINUED)

  

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-03, “Accounting Changes and Error Corrections (Topic 250) and Investments - Equity Method and Joint Ventures (Topic 323)”. This pronouncement amends the SEC’s reporting requirements for public filers in regard to new accounting pronouncements or existing pronouncements that have not yet been adopted. Companies are to provide qualitative disclosures if they have not yet implemented an accounting standards update. Companies should disclose if they are unable to estimate the impact of a specific pronouncement, and provide disclosures including a description of the effect on accounting policies that the registrant expects to apply. These provisions apply to all pronouncements that have not yet been implemented by registrants. There are additional provisions that relate to corrections to several other prior FASB pronouncements. The Company has incorporated language into other recently issued accounting pronouncement notes, where relevant for the corrections in FASB ASU 2017-03. The Company is implementing the updated SEC requirements on not yet adopted accounting pronouncements with these consolidated financial statements.

 

In August 2017, the FASB issued guidance, which amends the existing accounting standards for derivatives and hedging. The amendment improves the financial reporting of hedging relationships to better represent the economic results of an entity’s risk management activities in its financial statements and made certain targeted improvements to simplify the application of the hedge accounting guidance in current U.S. GAAP.

 

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-13, “Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820), – Disclosure Framework – Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement,” which makes a number of changes meant to add, modify or remove certain disclosure requirements associated with the movement amongst or hierarchy associated with Level 1, Level 2 and Level 3 fair value measurements. The amendments in this Update modify the disclosure requirements on fair value measurements based on the concepts in FASB Concepts Statement, Conceptual Framework for Financial Reporting—Chapter 8: Notes to Financial Statements, including the consideration of costs and benefits. The amendments on changes in unrealized gains and losses, the range and weighted average of significant unobservable inputs used to develop Level 3 fair value measurements, and the narrative description of measurement uncertainty should be applied prospectively for only the most recent interim or annual period presented in the initial fiscal year of adoption. All other amendments should be applied retrospectively to all periods presented upon their effective date. The amendments are effective for all entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, and interim periods within those fiscal years, with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the potential impacts of ASU 2018-13 on its consolidated financial statements.

 

The Company believes that there were no other accounting standards recently issued that had or are expected to have a material impact on our financial position or results of operations.

  

Recently adopted accounting pronouncements

 

In May 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-12, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Narrow-Scope Improvements and Practical Expedients”. The amendments, among other things: (1) clarify the objective of the collectability criterion for applying paragraph 606-10-25-7; (2) permit an entity to exclude amounts collected from customers for all sales (and other similar) taxes from the transaction price; (3) specify that the measurement date for noncash consideration is contract inception; (4) provide a practical expedient that permits an entity to reflect the aggregate effect of all modifications that occur before the beginning of the earliest period presented when identifying the satisfied and unsatisfied performance obligations, determining the transaction price, and allocating the transaction price to the satisfied and unsatisfied performance obligations; (5) clarify that a completed contract for purposes of transition is a contract for which all (or substantially all) of the revenue was recognized under legacy GAAP before the date of initial application, and (6) clarify that an entity that retrospectively applies the guidance in Topic 606 to each prior reporting period is not required to disclose the effect of the accounting change for the period of adoption. The effective date of these amendments is at the same date that Topic 606 is effective. The Company adopted ASU 2016-12 from January 1, 2018.

 

In December 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-20, “Technical Corrections and Improvements to Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers”. The amendments in ASU 2016-20 affect narrow aspects of the guidance issued in ASU 2014-09 including Loan Guarantee Fees, Contract Costs, Provisions for Losses on Construction-Type and Production-Type Contracts, Disclosure of Remaining Performance Obligations, Disclosure of Prior Period Performance Obligations, Contract Modifications, Contract Asset vs. Receivable, Refund Liabilities, Advertising Costs, Fixed Odds Wagering Contracts in the Casino Industry, and Costs Capitalized for Advisors to Private Funds and Public Funds. The effective dates of these amendments are at the same date that Topic 606 is effective. Topic 606 is effective for public entities for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim reporting periods therein (i.e., January 1, 2018, for a calendar year entity). The Company adopted ASU 2016-20 from January 1, 2018.

 

The Company adopted the Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606) from January 1, 2018.

16

 

  

MULIANG AGRITECH, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES OF CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 3 – ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE

 

Accounts receivable consisted of the following:

 

   June 30,   December 31, 
   2019   2018 
         
Accounts receivable  $5,387,291   $4,370,620 
Less: Allowance for doubtful accounts   (187,038)   (279,733)
Total, net  $5,200,253   $4,090,887 

 

The Company reviews the accounts receivable on a periodic basis and makes general and specific allowances when there is doubt as to the collectability of individual balances. After evaluating the collectability of individual receivable balances, the Company did not recognize bad debt allowance expense both for the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018.

 

NOTE 4 – INVENTORIES

 

Inventories consisted of the following:

 

   June 30,   December 31, 
   2019   2018 
         
Raw materials  $108,805   $124,069 
Finished goods   506,875    322,561 
Total, net  $615,680   $446,630 

 

The Company did not recognize loss from inventory impairment for the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018.

 

17

 

  

MULIANG AGRITECH, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES OF CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 5 – PREPAYMENT

 

The prepayment balance of $1,563,775 as of June 30, 2019 mainly represents the advanced payment for the construction of the black goat slaughtering and processing project located in Shuangbai County, Chuxiong City, Yunnan Province, PRC. The remaining balance represents the advance to the suppliers for business purpose.

 

NOTE 6 – PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT

 

Property, plant and equipment at June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018 consisted of:

 

   June 30,   December 31, 
   2019   2018 
Building  $12,882,950   $12,838,100 
Operating equipment   2,837,173    2,754,463 
Vehicle   82,704    104,121 
Office equipment   21,055    59,897 
Apple Orchard   1,048,216    1,026,505 
Construction in progress   393,637    341,173 
    17,265,735    17,124,259 
Less: Accumulated depreciation   (2,601,986)   (2,196,936)
   $14,663,749   $14,927,323 

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, depreciation expense amounted to $459,131 and $473,925, respectively. Depreciation is not taken during the period of construction or equipment installation. Upon completion of the installation of manufacturing equipment or any construction in progress, construction in progress balances will be classified to their respective property and equipment category.

 

The construction in progress of $393,637 represents the investment of a black goat processing plant located in Shuangbai County, Chuxiong City, Yunnan Province, PRC.

 

18

 

 

MULIANG AGRITECH, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES OF CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 7 – INTANGIBLE ASSETS

 

Intangible assets consisted of the following:

 

   June 30,   December 31, 
   2019   2018 
         
Land use rights  $3,630,743   $3,618,441 
Non-patented technology   14,592    14,542 
    3,645,335    3,632,983 
Less: Accumulated amortization   (458,230)   (419,853)
   $3,187,105   $3,213,130 

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, amortization of intangible assets amounted to $37,481 and $30,832, respectively.

 

NOTE 8 – DEFERRED TAX ASSETS, NET

 

The components of the deferred tax assets are as follows:

 

   June 30,   December 31, 
   2019   2018 
Deferred tax assets, non-current        
Deficit carried-forward  $418,254   $416,836 
Allowance for doubtful accounts   38,043    37,915 
Deferred tax assets   456,297    454,751 
Less: valuation allowance   -    - 
Deferred tax assets, non-current  $456,297   $454,751 

 

Deferred taxation is calculated under the liability method in respect of taxation effect arising from all timing differences, which are expected with reasonable probability to realize in the foreseeable future. The Company’s subsidiary registered in the PRC is subject to income taxes within the PRC at the applicable tax rate.

 

19

 

 

MULIANG AGRITECH, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES OF CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 9 – LOANS PAYABLE

 

Short-term loan of $150,515 due to Shanghai Jinshan Limin Micro Loan Co., Ltd. was fully repaid on April 12, 2019.

 

Current portion of long-term loans amounted to $4,362,989 representing balance due to Agricultural Bank of China, with an annual interest rate of 5.70% + (HongkongInterBank Offered Rate (“HIBOR”)). This loan was collateralized with land use rights and guaranteed by Mr. Lirong Wang, the CEO. 

 

Long-term loans represent amounts due to lenders that are due in more than one year, whose balance was $4,344,730 and $3,454,543 as of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively.

 

Long-term loan and current portion of long-term loan consisted of the following: 

 

    June 30,     December 31,  
    2019     2018  
Loan payable to Agricultural Bank of China, annual interest rate of 5.70% + HIBOR, due by September 25, 2019.   $ 4,362,989     $ 4,362,748  
Loan payable to Rushan City Rural Credit Union, annual interest 9.1438%, due by July 25, 2022.     1,094,395       1,090,687  
Long-term loans and interest payable to individuals and entities without interest     3,250,335       3,454,543  
      8,707,719       8,907,978  
Less: Current portion of long-term loans payable     (4,362,989 )     (5,453,435 )
Total, net   $ 4,344,730     $ 3,454,543  

 

As of June 30, 2019, the Company’s future loan obligations according to the terms of the loan agreement are as follows:

 

within 1 year  $4,362,989 
1-2 years   3,250,335 
3 years   1,094,395 
Total  $8,707,719 

  

The Company recognized interest expenses of $182,515 and $224,069 for the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

 

20

 

 

MULIANG AGRITECH, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES OF CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

  

NOTE 10 – STOCKHOLDERS DEFICIT

 

Authorized Stock

 

The Company has authorized 500,000,000 common shares with a par value of $0.0001 per share.  Each common share entitles the holder to one vote, in person or proxy, on any matter on which action of the stockholders of the corporation is sought.

 

On April 5, 2019, the Company filed a Certificate of Amendment to our Articles of Incorporation with the Secretary of State of the State of Nevada to reflect the creation of Blank Check Preferred Stock. As a result, the capital stock of the Company consists of 500,000,000 shares of common stock, $0.0001 par value, and 100,000,000 shares of blank check preferred stock as of March 31, 2019.

 

Common Share Issuances

 

On June 29, 2018, the outstanding amount $326,348 due to Mr. Wang, CEO and Chairman of the Company, were converted into 43,200 shares of Common Shares at $ 7.55 per share.

 

On June 29, 2018 the Company issued 298,518 common shares of the Company at $7.55 for proceeds of $2,255,111 to Mr. Wang, CEO and Chairman of the Company.

  

On April 4, 2019, the Company’s Board of Directors and majority shareholder approved a 5 to 1 reverse stock split of all of the issued and outstanding shares of the Company’s common stock (the “Reverse Stock Split”). No fractional shares of Common Stock will be issued as a result of the reverse stock split. The Stock Split does not affect the par value or the number of authorized shares of common stock of the Company.

  

On April 16, 2019, the Company filed a Certificate of Change to our Articles of Incorporation with the Secretary of State of the State of Nevada to reflect the Reverse stock Split. The reverse stock split took effect on May 7, 2019 The common shares outstanding have been retroactively restated to reflect the reverse stock split.

 

As a result of the Reverse Stock Split, the total issued and outstanding shares of common stock for the Company is 56,341,953 as of June 3, 2019.

 

Blank Check Preferred Stock

 

On April 4, 2019, the Company’s Board of Directors and majority shareholder approved creation of one hundred million (100,000,000) shares of Blank Check Preferred Stock, $0.0001 par value. To the fullest extent permitted by the laws of the State of Nevada, as the same now exists or may hereafter be amended or supplemented, the Board of Directors may fix and determine the designations, rights, preferences or other variations of each class or series within each class of preferred stock of the Company. The Company may issue the shares of stock for such consideration as may be fixed by the Board of Directors.

 

On April 5, 2019, the Company filed a Certificate of Amendment to the Articles of Incorporation with the Secretary of State of the State of Nevada to authorize the creation of Blank Check Preferred Stock.

 

21

 

  

MULIANG AGRITECH, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES OF CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 11 – RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

 

Ms. Hui Song was the Company’s former sales director. In 2013, Ms. Hui Song resigned from the Company and no longer had any significant control or influence over the Company; therefore, she was no longer considered a related party. Jilin Jiliang Zongbao Biological Technology Co., Ltd., an entity controlled by Ms. Hui Song, and Yantai Zongbao Tele-Agriculture Service Co., Ltd., a related company of Ms. Hui Song, were also no longer considered as related parties of the Company.

 

*Accounts receivable from and sales to Ms. Hui Song and her associated company

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2019, the Company did not sell any products to Ms. Hui Song and her associated company.

 

The Company sold fertilizer manufacturing equipment to Jilin Jiliang Zongbao Biological Technology Co., Ltd., in the amount of $171,397, with related cost of $107,400 for the six months ended June 30, 2018. This transaction was reflected in the revenue and cost of goods sold.

 

As of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, the Company has account receivable balance of $186,296 and $185,665 from Jilin Jiliang Zongbao Biological Technology Co., Ltd., respectively.

 

As of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, the Company has account receivable balance of $0 and $61,082 from Yantai Zongbao Tele-Agriculture Service Co., Ltd., respectively. 

 

*Accounts payable to and purchase from Ms. Hui Song and her associated company

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, the Company purchased fertilizer of $1,797,280 and $2,246,132 from Jilin Jiliang Zongbao Biological Technology Co., Ltd., respectively. As of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, accounts payable to Jilin Jiliang Zongbao Biological Technology Co., Ltd. was $633,290 and $72,712 respectively.

 

*Loan from Ms. Hui Song and her associated company

 

As of June 30, 2019, long-term loan payable balances for Jilin Jiliang Zongbao Biological Technology Co., Ltd. and Ms Hui Song were $810,526 and $267,762, respectively.

 

As of December 31, 2018, long-term loan payable balances for Jilin Jiliang Zongbao Biological Technology Co., Ltd. and Ms. Hui Song were $807,780 and $266,855, respectively.

  

22

 

  

MULIANG AGRITECH, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES OF CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 11 – RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS (CONTINUED)

 

*Accounts payable to and purchase from related parties

 

The Company did not make any purchase from related parties for the six months ended June 30, 2019.

 

The Company purchased fertilizer manufacturing equipment of $107,400 from Shanghai Aoke Chemicals Co., Ltd. for the six months ended June 30, 2018. Shanghai Aoke Chemicals Co., Ltd. was 95% controlled by Mr. Lirong Wang, the CEO and majority shareholder of the Company. 

 

As of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, account payable to Shanghai Aoke Chemicals Co., Ltd. were $116,735 and $116,340 respectively.

 

*Due to related party

 

Outstanding balance due to Mr. Lirong Wang and Mr. Guohua Lin below are advances from related parties for working capital of the Company which are due on demand, non-interest bearing, and unsecured, unless further disclosed.

 

    June 30,     December 31,      
    2019     2018     Relationship
Mr. Lirong Wang     616,617       1,442,751     The CEO and Chairman / Actual controlling person
Ms. Xueying Sheng     138,245       169,743     Controller/Accounting manager of the Company
Mr. Guohua Lin     86,384       3,054     Senior management and a shareholder
Total     841,246       1,615,547      

  

For the six months ended June 30, 2019, the Company borrowed $1,872,233 from Mr. Lirong Wang, and repaid $2,461,917.

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2019, the Company borrowed $122,062 from Mr. Guohua Lin, and repaid $37,543.  

 

On November 8, 2017, the Company borrowed $31,993 from Ms. Xueying Sheng. The loan is unsecured, without maturity, and bears an interest rate of 20%.

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2019, the Company borrowed $40,831 from Ms. Xueying Sheng and repaid $73,368.

 

The loans from Ms. Xueying Sheng are due on demand, non-interest bearing, and unsecured except the loan disclosed above.

 

23

 

  

MULIANG AGRITECH, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES OF CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 12 – CONCENTRATIONS

 

Customers Concentrations

 

The following table sets forth information as to each customer that accounted for 10% or more of the Company’s revenues for the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018.

 

   For the six months ended 
   June 30, 
Customer  2019   2018 
   Amount   %   Amount   % 
A   1,777,577    27%   N/A    N/A 
B   1,125,638    17%   N/A    N/A 
C   642,150    10%   N/A    N/A 
D   N/A    N/A    1,752,925    26%
E   N/A    N/A    1,225,163    18%

  

Suppliers Concentrations

 

The following table sets forth information as to each supplier that accounted for 10% or more of the Company’s purchase for the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018.

 

   For the six months ended 
   June 30, 
Suppliers  2019   2018 
   Amount   %   Amount   % 
A   806,098    19%   N/A    N/A 
B   1,797,281    43%   2,246,132    56%
C   N/A     N/A    583,465    15%

 

24

 

  

MULIANG AGRITECH, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES OF CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 12 – CONCENTRATIONS (CONTINUED)

 

Credit Risks

 

The Company’s operations are carried out in the PRC. Accordingly, the Company’s business, financial condition and results of operations may be influenced by the political, economic and legal environment in the PRC, and by the general state of the PRC’s economy. The Company’s operations in the PRC are subject to specific considerations and significant risks not typically associated with companies in North America. The Company’s results may be adversely affected by changes in governmental policies with respect to laws and regulations, anti-inflationary measures, currency conversion and remittance abroad, and rates and methods of taxation, among other things.

 

Financial instruments which potentially subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk consist principally of cash and trade accounts receivable. Substantially all of the Company’s cash is maintained with state-owned banks within the PRC, and none of these deposits are covered by insurance. The Company has not experienced any losses in such accounts and believes it is not exposed to any risks on its cash in bank accounts. A significant portion of the Company’s sales are credit sales which are primarily to customers whose ability to pay is dependent upon the industry economics prevailing in these areas; however, concentrations of credit risk with respect to trade accounts receivables is limited due to generally short payment terms. The Company also performs ongoing credit evaluations of its customers to help further reduce credit risk. At June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, the Company’s cash balances by geographic area were as follows:

 

   June 30,
2019
  December 31,
2018
China  $12,270    100%  $12,778    100%
Total cash and cash equivalents  $12,270    100%  $12,778    100%

  

25

 

  

MULIANG AGRITECH, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES OF CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 13 – INCOME TAXES

 

United States

 

Muliang Agritech is established in the State of Nevada in the United States and is subject to Nevada State and US Federal tax laws. Muliang Agritech has approximately $102,000 of unused net operating losses (“NOLs”) available for carrying forward to future years for U.S. federal income tax reporting purposes. The benefit from the carry forward of such NOLs will begin expiring during the year ended December 31, 2034. Because United States tax laws limit the time during which NOL carry forwards may be applied against future taxable income, the Company may be unable to take full advantage of its NOLs for federal income tax purposes should the Company generate taxable income. Further, the benefit from utilization of NOL carry forwards could be subject to limitations due to material ownership changes that could occur in the Company as it continues to raise additional capital. Based on such limitations, the Company has significant NOLs for which realization of tax benefits is uncertain.

 

On December 22, 2017, the United States enacted the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “Act”) resulting in significant modifications to existing law. The Company has considered the accounting impact of the effects of the Act during the year ended December 31, 2018 including a reduction in the corporate tax rate from 34% to 21% among other changes.

 

Hong Kong

 

Muliang HK is established in Hong Kong and its income is subject to a 16.5% profit tax rate for income sourced within the country. For the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, Muliang HK did not earn any income derived in Hong Kong, and therefore was not subject to Hong Kong Profits Tax.

 

China, PRC

 

Shanghai Mufeng and its subsidiaries Muliang Industry, Zongbao, Zongbao Cangzhou, Muliang Sales, Fukang, Agritech Development, Zhongliang and Yunnan Muliang are established in China and its income is subject to income tax rate of 25%.

 

The reconciliation of effective income tax rate as follows:

 

   For the Six Months Ended 
   June 30,   June 30, 
   2019   2018 
US Statutory income tax rate   21%   21%
Lower rates in PRC, net   -    - 
Valuation allowance   (21)%   (21)%
Total   -    - 

 

26

 

  

MULIANG AGRITECH, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES OF CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 13 – INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED)  

 

The provision for income taxes consists of the following:

 

   For the Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
   2019   2018 
Current  $247,483   $   - 
Deferred   -    - 
Total  $247,483   $- 

 

Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes

 

The tax authority of the PRC government conducts periodic and ad hoc tax filing reviews on business enterprises operating in the PRC after those enterprises complete their relevant tax filings. Therefore, the Company’s PRC entities’ tax filings results are subject to change. It is therefore uncertain as to whether the PRC tax authority may take different views about the Company’s PRC entities’ tax filings, which may lead to additional tax liabilities.

 

ASC 740 requires recognition and measurement of uncertain income tax positions using a “more-likely-than-not” approach. The management evaluated the Company’s tax positions and concluded that no provision for uncertainty in income taxes was necessary as of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018.

 

NOTE 14 – BUSINESS SEGMENTS

 

The revenues and cost of goods sold from operation consist of the following:

 

   Revenues   Cost of Sales 
   For the Six Months Ended   For the Six Months Ended 
   June 30,   June 30,   June 30,   June 30, 
   2019   2018   2019   2018 
Fertilizer sales  $5,903,721   $6,586,449   $3,241,874   $3,467,725 
Agricultural products (food) sales   564,403    169,024    559,701    158,082 
Total  $6,468,124   $6,755,473   $3,801,575   $3,625,807 

 

27

 

  

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

 

The following discussion of our financial condition and results of operations should also be read in conjunction with our unaudited consolidated financial statements and the notes to those financial statements appearing elsewhere in this report. The following discussion contains forward-looking statements relating to future events or our future performance. Actual results may materially differ from those projected in the forward-looking statements as a result of certain risks and uncertainties set forth in this report. Although management believes that the assumptions made and expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, there is no assurance that the underlying assumptions will, in fact, prove to be correct or that actual results will not be different from expectations expressed in this report. 

  

Business Overview

We primarily engage in the manufacturing and distribution of organic fertilizer and the sales of agricultural products in the PRC. Our organic fertilizer products are sold under our brand names “Zongbao,” “Fukang,” and “Muliang.”

Through our patented technology, we process crop straw (including corn, rice, wheat, cotton, and other crops) into high quality organic nutritious fertilizers that are easily absorbed by crops in 3 hours. Straws are common agricultural by-product. In PRC, farmers usually remove the straw stubble that are remains after grains by burning them in order to continue farming on the same land. These activities have resulted in significant air pollution and damage the surface structure of the soil with loss of nutrients. We turn waste into treasure by transforming the straws into organic fertilizer, which also effectively reduces air pollution. The straw organic fertilizer we produce does not contain the heavy metals, antibiotics and harmful bacteria that are common in the traditional manure fertilizer. Our fertilizers also provide optimum levels of primary plant nutrients which including multi-minerals, proteins and carbohydrates that promote the healthiest soils capable of growing the healthy crops and vegetables. It can effectively reduce the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides as well as reduce the penetration of large chemical fertilizers and pesticides into the soil and thus avoid water pollution. Therefore, our fertilizer can effectively improve fertility of soil, and the quality and safety of agricultural products.

We generated our revenue mainly from our organic fertilizers, which accounted for approximately 91.3% and 99.1% of our total revenue for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively. We currently have two integrated factories in Weihai City, Shandong Province, PRC to produce our organic fertilizers, which have been in operations since August 2015. We plan to improve the technology for our existing straw organic fertilizer production lines in the following aspects: (i) adopt more advanced automatic control technology for raw material feed to shorten the processing time of raw material, and (ii) manufacture powdered organic fertilizer instead of granular organic fertilizer production in order to avoid the drying and cooling process, as such will increase our production capacity.

With the focus of producing organic fertilizers, we also engage in the business of selling agriculture food products including apples, and as sales agent for other large agriculture companies in the PRC. In 2014, we rented 350 mu (about 57.66 acres) of mountainous land as apple orchard. The sales of apples generated less than 1% of our total revenue for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively. We expect to generate more revenues from the sales of apples as the apple orchards become more mature in the next few years.

In addition, we plan to engage in the processing and distribution of black goat products business commencing the fourth quarter of 2019. We are currently constructing a deep-processing slaughterhouse and processing plant which is expected to have the capacity of slaughtering 200,000 black goats per year in Chuxiong City, Yunnan Province, in China. Our black goat processing products including goat rib lets, goat loin roast, goat loin chops, goat rack, goat leg, goat shoulder, goat leg shanks, ground goat, goat stew meat, whole goat, half goat, lamb viscera, etc. We expect to start generate revenue from the black goat products in 2020.

Our assets mainly include: (i) 42,895 square meters of industrial land and 28,549 square meters of factory and office space located in Jinshan District, Shanghai City, (ii) 22,511 square meters of industrial land and 10,373 square meters of plant area and straw organic fertilizer production line in Weihai City, Shandong Province, and (iii) more than $2 million investment of land use right and the black goat slaughtering and processing plant located in Shuangbai County, Chuxiong City, Yunnan Province, in China.

As the factory area in Jinshan District, Shanghai City is too close to the urban area to produce straw organic fertilizer, some factory buildings, office buildings and spare land in Jinshan District, Shanghai City, have been leased to third parties.

 

Recent Development

 

On April 4, 2019, the Company’s Board of Directors and majority shareholder approved a 5 to 1 reverse stock split of all of the issued and outstanding shares of the Company’s common stock, change of corporate name from “Mullan Agritech Inc.” to “Muliang Agritech Inc.”, and creation of one hundred million (100,000,000) shares of Blank Check Preferred Stock.

28

 

 

On April 5, 2019, we filed a Certificate of Amendment to our Articles of Incorporation with the Secretary of State of the State of Nevada to reflect the Name Change and to authorize the creation of Blank Check Preferred Stock. As a result, the capital stock of the Company consists of 500,000,000 shares of common stock, $0.0001 par value, and 100,000,000 shares of blank check preferred stock, $0.0001 par value. To the fullest extent permitted by the laws of the State of Nevada, as the same now exists or may hereafter be amended or supplemented, the Board of Directors may fix and determine the designations, rights, preferences or other variations of each class or series within each class of preferred stock of the Company. The Company may issue the shares of stock for such consideration as may be fixed by the Board of Directors.

On April 16, 2019, we filed a Certificate of Change to our Articles of Incorporation with the Secretary of State of the State of Nevada to reflect the reverse stock split. Any fractional shares are to be rounded up to whole shares. The reverse stock split does not affect the par value or the number of authorized shares of common stock of the Company. 

The reverse stock split and the name change took effect on May 7, 2019. In connection with the name change, our stock symbol changed to “MULG”. 

 

Critical Accounting Policies

  

Our discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations are based on our consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. The preparation of these financial statements requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses. We evaluate, on an on-going basis, our estimates for reasonableness as changes occur in our business environment. We base our estimates on experience, the use of independent third-party specialists, and various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.

 

Critical accounting policies are defined as those that are reflective of significant judgments, estimates and uncertainties, and potentially result in materially different results under different assumptions and conditions. We believe the following are our critical accounting policies:

 

Basis of Presentation

 

Our consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States, or U.S. GAAP.

 

Going Concern

 

As reflected in the accompanying consolidated financial statements, we had net accumulated deficit of $10,159,983 and $11,773,401 as of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively. Our cash balances as of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018 were $12,270 and $12,778, respectively. We had current liability of $11,927,063 at June 30, 2019 which would be due within the next 12 months. In addition, we had a working capital deficit of $4,281,118 and $7,119,118 at June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively.

 

The company plans to continue its expansion and investments, which will require continued improvements in revenue, net income, and cash flows.

 

The ability of the Company to continue as a going concern is dependent on the Company’s ability to further implement its business plan, raise additional capital, and generate more revenues. The consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments that might be necessary if the Company is unable to continue as a going concern.

 

Principles of Consolidation

  

Muliang Agritech consolidates the following entities, including wholly-owned subsidiaries, Muliang HK, Shanghai Mufeng, and its wholly controlled variable interest entities, Muliang Industry, and Zhongbao, 60% controlled Agritech Development, 99% controlled Fukang, 65% controlled Zhonglian and 80% controlled Yunnan Muliang. The 40% equity interest holder of Agritech Development, 1% equity interest holders in Fukang, 35% equity interest holders in Zhonglian, and 20% interest in Yunnan Muliang are accounted as non-controlling interest in the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

 

The variable interest entities consolidated for which the Company is deemed the primary beneficiary. All significant inter-company accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

 

29

 

  

Use of Estimates

 

In preparing financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP, management makes estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities at the dates of the financial statements, as well as the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Significant estimates, required by management, include the recoverability of long-lived assets and the valuation of inventories. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

 

Accounts Receivable

 

We state accounts receivable at cost, net of allowance for doubtful accounts. Based on our past experience and current practice in the PRC, management provides for an 100% allowance for doubtful accounts equivalent to those accounts that are not collected within one year, and 50% for receivables outstanding for longer than six months. It is management’s belief that the current bad debt allowance adequately reflects an appropriate estimate based on management’s judgment.

 

Inventory Valuation

 

We value our fertilizer inventories at the lower of cost, determined on a weighted average basis, and net realizable value (the estimated market price). Substantially all inventory expenses, packaging and supplies are valued by the weighted average method.

 

Apple Orchard

 

Apple Orchard consists primarily of rental for an apple farm, labor cost, fertilizers, apple seeds, apple seedlings and others. The costs to purchase and cultivate apple trees and the expenditures related to labor and materials to plant apple trees until they become commercially productive are capitalized, which require a 2-year period. The estimated production life for apple tree is 10 years, and the costs are amortized without a residual value. Expenses incurred maintaining apple trees during the growth cycle until seedling apple trees or grafted varieties are fruited are capitalized into inventory and included in Work in process—apple orchard, a component of inventories.

 

Amortized expenses pertaining to apple orchard are included in inventory costs for those apples to be sold and ultimately become a component of cost of goods sold. Similar to other assets, the failure of our apple orchard to be serviceable over the entirety of their anticipated useful lives or to be sold at their anticipated residual value will negatively impact our operating results.

 

Revenue Recognition

 

On January 1, 2018, the Company adopted ASC 606 using the modified retrospective method. Results for the reporting period beginning after January 1, 2018 are presented under ASC 606, while prior period amounts have not been adjusted and continue to be reported in accordance with the Company’s historic accounting under Topic 605.

 

Management has determined that the adoption of ASC 606 did not impact the Company’s previously reported financial statements in any prior period nor did it result in a cumulative effect adjustment to opening retained earnings.

 

Revenue for sale of products is derived from contracts with customers, which primarily include the sale of fertilizer products and environmental protection equipment. The Company’s sales arrangements do not contain variable consideration. The Company recognizes revenue at a point in time based on management’s evaluation of when performance obligations under the terms of a contract with the customer are satisfied and control of the products has been transferred to the customer. For vast majority of the Company’s product sales, the performance obligations and control of the products transfer to the customer when products are delivered, and customer acceptance is made.

  

Pursuant to the guidance of ASC Topic 840, rent shall be reported as income by lessors over the lease term as it becomes receivable. The Company currently leased part of the building of the Shanghai new plant to third parties as warehouse. The Company recognizes building leasing revenue over the beneficial period described by the agreement, as the revenue is realized or realizable and earned. 

 

The Company recognized rental income from leasing a portion of its manufacturing facility located in Shanghai to third parties. For the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, rental income of $253,878 and $239,254 were recognized as other income.

 

30

 

  

Income Taxes

 

The Company accounts for income taxes under the provision of FASB ASC 740-10, which requires the recognition of deferred tax assets and liabilities for the expected future tax consequences of events that have been included in the financial statements or tax returns. Under this method, deferred income taxes are recognized for the tax consequences in future years of differences between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their financial reporting amounts at each period end based on enacted tax laws and statutory tax rates applicable to the periods in which the differences are expected to affect taxable income. Valuation allowances are established, when necessary, to reduce deferred tax assets to the amount expected to be realized.

 

New Accounting Standards

 

In October 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-17, “Consolidation (Topic 810): Interests Held through Related Parties That Are under Common Control”. These amendments change the evaluation of whether a reporting entity is the primary beneficiary of a variable interest entity by changing how a reporting entity that is a single decision maker of a variable interest entity treats indirect interests in the entity held through related parties that are under common control with the reporting entity. If a reporting entity satisfies the first characteristic of a primary beneficiary (such that it is the single decision maker of a variable interest entity), the amendments require that reporting entity, in determining whether it satisfies the second characteristic of a primary beneficiary, to include all of its direct variable interests in a variable interest entity and, on a proportionate basis, its indirect variable interests in a variable interest entity held through related parties, including related parties that are under common control with the reporting entity. The amendments in this ASU are effective for public business entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted, including adoption in an interim period. If an entity adopts the pending content that links to this paragraph in an interim period, any adjustments should be reflected as of the beginning of the fiscal year that includes that interim period. The Company is currently in the process of evaluating the impact of the adoption on its consolidated financial statements.

 

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, “Leases (Topic 842)”. ASU 2016-02 specifies the accounting for leases. For operating leases, ASU 2016-02 requires a lessee to recognize a right-of-use asset and a lease liability, initially measured at the present value of the lease payments, on its balance sheet. The standard also requires a lessee to recognize a single lease cost, calculated so that the cost of the lease is allocated over the lease term, generally on a straight-line basis. In addition, this standard requires both lessees and lessors to disclose certain key information about lease transactions. ASU 2016-02 is effective for publicly-traded companies for annual reporting periods, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2018. Lessees (for capital and operating leases) and lessors (for sales-type, direct financing, and operating leases) must apply a modified retrospective transition approach for leases existing at, or entered into after, the beginning of the earliest comparative period presented in the financial statements. The modified retrospective approach would not require any transition accounting for leases that expired before the earliest comparative period presented. Lessees may not apply a full retrospective transition approach.

   

In July 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-10, “Codification Improvements to Topic 842, Leases”. The amendments in ASU 2018-10 affect narrow aspects of the guidance issued in the amendments in ASU 2016-02 including those regarding residual value guarantees, rate implicit in the lease, lessee reassessment of lease classification, lessor reassessment of lease term and purchase option, variable lease payments that depend on an index or a rate, investment tax credits, lease term and purchase option, transition guidance for amounts previously recognized in business combinations, certain transition adjustments, transition guidance for leases previously classified as capital leases under Topic 840, transition guidance for modifications to leases previously classified as direct financing or sales-type leases under Topic 840, transition guidance for sale and leaseback transactions, impairment of net investment in the lease, unguaranteed residual asset, effect of initial direct costs on rate implicit in the lease, and failed sale and leaseback transactions. In July 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-11, “Leases (Topic 842): Targeted Improvements”. The amendments in ASU 2018-11 affect the guidance issued in ASU 2016-02, “Leases (Topic 842)”, which is not yet effective. The amendments provide entities with an additional (and optional) transition method to adopt the new leases standard. Under this new transition method, an entity initially applies the new leases standard at the adoption date and recognizes a cumulative-effect adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings in the period of adoption. The amendments also provide lessors with a practical expedient to not separate non-lease components from the associated lease component and, instead, to account for those components as a single component in certain circumstances. In December 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-20, “Leases (Topic 842) – Narrow-Scope Improvements for Lessors.” ASU 2018-20 allow lessors to make an accounting policy election not to evaluate whether sales taxes and similar taxes imposed by a governmental authority on a specific lease revenue-producing transaction are the primary obligation of the lessor as owner of the underlying leased asset. The amendments also require a lessor to exclude lessor costs paid directly by a lessee to third parties on the lessor’s behalf from variable payments and include lessor costs that are paid by the lessor and reimbursed by the lessee in the measurement of variable lease revenue and the associated expense. In addition, the amendments clarify that when lessors allocate variable payments to lease and non-lease components, they are required to follow the recognition guidance in the new lease standard for the lease component and other applicable guidance, such as the new revenue standard, for the non-lease component. For entities that early adopted Topic 842, the amendments are effective upon issuance of ASU 2018-10, AUS 2018-11and ASU 2018-20, and the transition requirements are the same as those in Topic 842. For entities that have not adopted Topic 842, the effective date and transition requirements will be the same as the effective date and transition requirements in Topic 842.

  

31

 

  

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-03, “Accounting Changes and Error Corrections (Topic 250) and Investments - Equity Method and Joint Ventures (Topic 323)”. This pronouncement amends the SEC’s reporting requirements for public filers regarding new accounting pronouncements or existing pronouncements that have not yet been adopted. Companies are to provide qualitative disclosures if they have not yet implemented an accounting standards update. Companies should disclose if they are unable to estimate the impact of a specific pronouncement, and provide disclosures including a description of the effect on accounting policies that the registrant expects to apply. These provisions apply to all pronouncements that have not yet been implemented by registrants. There are additional provisions that relate to corrections to several other prior FASB pronouncements. The Company has incorporated language into other recently issued accounting pronouncement notes, where relevant for the corrections in FASB ASU 2017-03. The Company is implementing the updated SEC requirements on not yet adopted accounting pronouncements with these consolidated financial statements.

 

In August 2017, the FASB issued guidance, which amends the existing accounting standards for derivatives and hedging. The amendment improves the financial reporting of hedging relationships to better represent the economic results of an entity’s risk management activities in its financial statements and made certain targeted improvements to simplify the application of the hedge accounting guidance in current U.S. GAAP.

 

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-13, “Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820), – Disclosure Framework – Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement,” which makes a number of changes meant to add, modify or remove certain disclosure requirements associated with the movement amongst or hierarchy associated with Level 1, Level 2 and Level 3 fair value measurements. The amendments in this Update modify the disclosure requirements on fair value measurements based on the concepts in FASB Concepts Statement, Conceptual Framework for Financial Reporting—Chapter 8: Notes to Financial Statements, including the consideration of costs and benefits. The amendments on changes in unrealized gains and losses, the range and weighted average of significant unobservable inputs used to develop Level 3 fair value measurements, and the narrative description of measurement uncertainty should be applied prospectively for only the most recent interim or annual period presented in the initial fiscal year of adoption. All other amendments should be applied retrospectively to all periods presented upon their effective date. The amendments are effective for all entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, and interim periods within those fiscal years, with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the potential impacts of ASU 2018-13 on its consolidated financial statements.

 

The Company believes that there were no other accounting standards recently issued that had or are expected to have a material impact on our financial position or results of operations.

  

Results of Operations

 

We are principally engaged in the organic fertilizer manufacture and distribution business in the PRC, which account for 91% of our total revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2019.

 

Currently, almost all of our revenue is derived from powdered organic fertilizer product, as it is easier to absorb for soil and plants, compared with the granular organic fertilizer.

 

Starting from December 31, 2018, the Company began to develop the sales of agricultural food products.  Current, sales from agricultural food products accounted for around 9% of our total sales.

 

32

 

 

Results of Operations for the Three Months Ended June 30, 2019 and 2018

 

   For the Three Months Ended June 30,      
   2019  2018  Fluctuation   
   $  $  $  %
Revenues-fertilizer   3,987,748    5,398,429    (1,410,681)   -26.13%
Revenues-agricultural products   255,008    169,024    85,984    50.87%
Subtotal of revenue   4,242,756    5,567,453    (1,324,697)   -23.79%
Cost-fertilizer   2,216,937    2,784,946    (568,009)   -20.40%
Cost- agricultural products   245,762    158,082    87,680    55.46%
Subtotal of cost   2,462,699    2,943,028    (480,329)   -16.32%
Gross profit   1,780,057    2,624,425    (844,368)   -32.17%
                       
Operating expenses:                       
General and administrative expenses   266,366    278,984    (12,618)   -4.52%
Selling expenses   144,753    141,085    3,668    2.60%
Total operating expenses   411,119    420,069    (8,950)   -2.13%
Income(loss) from operations   1,368,938    2,204,356    (835,418)   -37.90%
Other income (expense):                       
Interest expense   (87,919)   (115,988)   28,069    -24.20%
Subsidy income   -      (4)   (4)   N/A 
Rent net income   45,417    74,997    -29,580    -39.44%
Other income (expense), net   (1,562)   (16,179)   14,617    -90.35%
Total other income (expense)   (44,064)   (57,174)   13,110    -22.93%
Income before income taxes   1,324,874    2,147,182    (822,308)   -38.30%
Income taxes   149,623    -      149623    N/A 
Net income   1,175,251    2,147,182    (971,931)   -45.27%

  

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Revenue

 

Total revenue for fertilizer decreased from $5,398,429 for the three months ended June 30, 2018 to $3,987,748 for the three months ended June 30, 2019, which represented a decrease of $1,410,681, or approximately 26.13%. The decrease in revenue was mainly due to loss of some customers for the half year of 2019. However, our main customers, the large scale agricultural companies and farmer professional cooperatives, still trust and purchase our products in large quantities. Our major customers included Huizhou Sijilv Agricultural Products Co., Ltd., Jilin Jijie Farmers’ Professional Union, and Guangzhou Lvxing Organic Agricultural Products Co., Ltd. Usually the second half year is the peak sale season for fertilizer products. We expect to increase our sales significantly in the second half year of 2019.

 

Our high-quality agriculture food products sales increased significantly for the three months ended June 30, 2019 and it was expected to continue the increase throughout the 2019.

  

Cost of sales

 

Cost of sales for fertilizer decreased from $2,784,946 for the three months ended June 30, 2018 to $2,216,937 for the three months ended June 30, 2019, which represented a decrease of approximately $568,009, or 20.40%. The significant decrease in cost of sales was in line with the significant decrease in our revenue from fertilizer sales.

 

Cost of sales for agricultural products increased from $158,082 for the three months ended June 30, 2018 to $245,762 for the three months ended June 30, 2019, which represented an increase of approximately $87,680, or 55.46%.

 

Gross Profit (loss)

 

The gross profit for organic fertilizer decreased from $2,613,483 for the three months ended June 30, 2018 to gross profit of $1,770,811 for the three months ended June 30, 2019. The gross margin decreased from 48.41% for the three months ended June 30, 2018 to 44.41% for the three months ended June 30, 2019. The gross margin of around 45% represents our normal operation result of sales to final customers. The decrease in gross margin was mainly due to the increasingly fierce market competition.

 

The agriculture food products sales maintained a much lower gross margin for the three months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018.

   

Expenses

 

We incurred $144,753 in selling expenses for the three months ended June 30, 2019, compared to $141,085 for the three months ended June 30, 2018. We incurred $266,366 in general and administrative expenses for the three months ended June 30, 2019, compared to $278,984 for the three months ended June 30, 2018. Total selling, general and administrative expenses slightly decreased by $8,950, or 2.13% for the three months ended June 30, 2019 as compared to the same period in 2018. Our selling expenses increased by $3,668 and our general and administrative expenses decreased by $12,618. The increase in our selling expenses was mainly due to the increase in salaries expense, travelling expense, etc., for selling department. The decrease in general and administrative expenses was because some employees and resource in administrative department transferred to support the selling department for the three months ended June 30, 2019.

    

Interest income (expense)

 

We incurred $87,919 in interest expense during the three months ended June 30, 2019, compared with interest expense of $115,988 for the three months ended June 30, 2018.

 

Net Income (loss)

 

Our net income was $1,175,251 for the three months ended June 30, 2019, compared with net income of $2,147,182 for the three months ended June 30, 2018, representing a decrease of $971,931, or 45.27%.

 

The significant decrease of $971,931 in net income was mainly due to the decrease of 844,368 in gross profit, in spite of the decrease of $8,950 in operating expense.

 

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Results of Operations for the Six Months Ended June 30, 2019 and 2018

 

   For the Six Months Ended
June 30,
         
   2019   2018   Fluctuation     
   $   $   $   % 
Revenues-fertilizer   5,903,721    6,586,449    -682,728    -10.37%
Revenues-agricultural products   564,403    169,024    395,379    233.92%
Subtotal of revenue   6,468,124    6,755,473    -287,349    -4.25%
Cost-fertilizer   3,241,874    3,467,725    -225,851    -6.51%
Cost- agricultural products   559,701    158,082    401,619    254.06%
Subtotal of cost   3,801,575    3,625,807    175,768    4.85%
Gross profit   2,666,549    3,129,666    -463,117    -14.80%
Gross margin   41%   46%            
Operating expenses:                       
General and administrative expenses   607,922    671,494    (63,572)   -9.47%
Selling expenses   321,753    164,402    157,351    95.71%
Total operating expenses   929,675    835,896    93,779    11.22%
Income(loss) from operations   1,736,874    2,293,770    -556,896    -24.28%
Other income (expense):                       
Interest expense   (182,515)   (224,069)   41,554    -18.55%
Subsidy income   146,353    2,184    144169    6601.14%
Rent net income   168,377    148,523    19,854    13.37%
Other income (expense), net   (768)   (25,355)   24,587    -96.97%
Total other income (expense)   131,447    (98,717)   230,164    -233.16%
Income before income taxes   1,868,321    2,195,053    (326,732)   -14.88%
Income taxes   247,483    0    247483    N/A 
Net income    1,620,838    2,195,053    (574,215)   -26.16%

 

35

 

 

Revenue

 

Total revenue for fertilizer decreased from $6,586,449 for the six months ended June 30, 2018 to $5,903,721 for the six months ended June 30, 2019, which represented a decrease of $682,728, or approximately 10.37%. The decrease in revenue was mainly due to loss of some customers for the half year of 2019. However, our main customers, the large scale agricultural companies and farmer professional cooperatives, still trust and purchase our products in large quantities Our major customers included Huizhou Sijilv Agricultural Products Co., Ltd., Jilin Jijie Farmers’ Professional Union, and Guangzhou Lvxing Organic Agricultural Products Co., Ltd. Usually the second half year is the peak sale season for fertilizer products. We expect to increase our sales significantly in the second half year of 2019.

 

Our high-quality agriculture food products sales increased significantly for the six months ended June 30, 2019 and it was expected to continue the increase throughout the 2019.

  

Cost of sales

 

Cost of sales for fertilizer decreased from $3,467,725 for the six months ended June 30, 2018 to $3,241,874 for the six months ended June 30, 2019, which represented a decrease of approximately $225,851, or 6.51%. The decrease in cost of sales was in line with the decrease in our revenue from fertilizer sales.

 

Cost of sales for agricultural products increased from $158,082 for the six months ended June 30, 2018 to $559,701 for the six months ended June 30, 2019, which represented an increase of approximately $401,619, or 254.06%.

 

Gross Profit (loss)

 

The gross profit for organic fertilizer decreased from $3,118,724 for the six months ended June 30, 2018 to gross profit of $2,661,847 for the six months ended June 30, 2019. The gross margin decreased from 47.35% for the six months ended June 30, 2018 to 45.09% for the six months ended June 30, 2019. The gross margin of around 45% represents our normal operation result of sales to final customers. The decrease in gross margin was mainly due to the increasingly fierce market competition.

 

The agriculture food products sales maintained a much lower gross margin for the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018.

   

Expenses

 

We incurred $321,753 in selling expenses for the six months ended June 30, 2019, compared to $164,402 for the six months ended June 30, 2018. We incurred $607,922 in general and administrative expenses for the six months ended June 30, 2019, compared to $671,494 for the six months ended June 30, 2018. Total selling, general and administrative expenses increased by $93,779, or 11.22% for the six months ended June 30, 2019 as compared to the same period in 2018. Our selling expenses increased by $157,351 and our general and administrative expenses decreased by $63,572. The increase in our selling expenses was mainly due to the increase in salaries expense, travelling expense, etc., for selling department. The decrease in general and administrative expenses was because some employees and resource in administrative department transferred to support the selling department for the six months ended June 30, 2019.

 

Interest income (expense)

 

We incurred $182,515 in interest expense during the six months ended June 30, 2019, compared with interest expense of $224,069 for the six months ended June 30, 2018.

 

Net Income (loss)

 

Our net income was $1,620,838 for the six months ended June 30, 2019, compared with net income of $2,195,053 for the six months ended June 30, 2018, representing a decrease of $574,215, or 26.16%.

 

The significant decrease of $574,215 in net income was mainly due to the decrease of 463,117 in gross profit, and the increase of $93,779 in operating expense.

 

36

 

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

Liquidity is the ability of a company to generate funds to support its current and future operations, satisfy its obligations and otherwise operate on an ongoing basis. At June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018 our working capital deficit was $4,281,118 and $7,119,118, respectively.

 

We have financed our operations over the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018 primarily through proceeds from net cash inflow in operation, and advances from related parties.

 

The components of cash flows are discussed below: 

 

  

For the

Six Months Ended

 
   June 30, 
   2019   2018 
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities  $1,451,009   $1,984,753 
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities   (273,500)   (1,590,483)
Net cash used in financing activities   (1,178,070)   (381,928)
Exchange rate effect on cash   53    (626)
Net cash inflow (outflow)  $(508)  $11,716 

  

Cash Used in Operating Activities

 

Net cash provided by operating activities was $1,451,009 for the six months ended June 30, 2019. The net cash inflow consisted primarily of net income of $1,620,838 which was adjusted by depreciation and amortization of $496,612. The Company had an increase of $80,398 in other payable, an increase of $247,483 in income tax payable, an increase of $349,176 in account payable, and a decrease of $81,851 in prepayment, which were offset by an increase of $153,055 in other receivable, an increase of $1,111,213 in account receivable, and an increase of $169,942 in inventory.

 

Net cash provided by operating activities was $1,984,753 for the six months ended June 30, 2018. The net cash inflow consisted primarily of net income of $2,195,053 which was adjusted by depreciation and amortization of $504,757. The Company had an increase of $144,926 in other payable, an increase of $594,598 in our advance from customers, an increase of $125,658 in account payable-related party, which were offset by an increase of $2,147,214 in accounts receivable, an increase of $273,463 in inventory, and an increase of $94,546 in advance to suppliers.

  

Cash used in Investing Activities

 

Net cash used in investing activities was $273,500 for the six months ended June 30, 2019. The activities consisted of purchase of biological assets of $18,482, and investment in construction in progress of $255,018.

 

Net cash used in investing activities was $1,590,483 for the six months ended June 30, 2018. The activities primarily consisted of purchase of plant and equipment of $73,603, and investment in construction in progress of $1,516,880.

  

Cash Used in Financing Activities

 

Net cash used in financing activities was $1,178,070 for the six months ended June 30, 2019. During the period, cash used in financing activities consisted of the repayment to related parties of $791,010, repayment of short term loan of $168,000, and repayment to third party individual of $219,060.

 

Net cash used in financing activities was $381,928 for the six months ended June 30, 2018. During the period, cash used in financing activities consisted of the repayment to related parties of $3,522,824, repayment of short term loan of $785,361, and offset by proceeds from stock issuance of $2,344,444, and proceeds from long-term loans of $1,581,813. 

  

We anticipate that our current cash reserves plus cash from our operating activities will not be sufficient to meet our ongoing obligations and fund our operations for the next twelve months. As a result, we will need to seek additional funding in the near future. We currently do not have a specific plan of how we will obtain such funding; however, we anticipate that additional funding will be in the form of equity financing from the sale of shares of our common stock or renewing our current obligations with loaners. We may also seek to obtain short-term loans from our directors or unrelated parties. Additional funding may not be available, or at acceptable terms, to us at this time. If we are unable to obtain additional financing, we may be required to reduce the scope of our business development activities, which could harm our business plans, financial condition and operating results.

 

37

 

  

Contractual Commitments and Commitments for Capital Expenditure

 

Contractual Commitments

 

The following table summarizes our contractual obligations at June 30, 2019 and the effect those obligations are expected to have on our liquidity and cash flow in future periods.

 

   Payments Due by Period as of June 30, 2019 
   Total   Less than
1 Year
   2 – 3
Years
   4 – 5
Years
   Over
5 Years
 
Contractual obligations                    
Loans  $8,707,719   $4,362,989   $4,344,730   $    -   $    - 
Others   -    -    -    -    - 
   $8,707,719   $4,362,989   $4,344,730   $-   $- 

 

Commitments for Capital Expenditure

 

On October 18, 2018, the Company signed a building construction agreement with Yunnan Junxiong Construction Engineering Co., Ltd. for the black goat slaughtering and processing project located in Shuangbai County, Chuxiong City, Yunnan Province, PRC. The total contract price is $1,599,674 (RMB11,000,000), part of which is unpaid as of June 30, 2019.

 

In addition, the Company signed a set of construction agreements with third parties in 2018 for the black goat slaughtering and processing project, including surveying and mapping contract, equipment installation contract, and electricity installation contract, etc. As of June 30, 2019, part of the total contracts amount of $436,275 (RMB3,000,000) is unpaid.

 

Off Balance Sheet Items

 

We do not have any off-balance sheet arrangements that we are required to disclose pursuant to these regulations. In the ordinary course of business, we enter into operating lease commitments, purchase commitments and other contractual obligations. These transactions are recognized in our financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States.

 

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

 

Not applicable because we are a smaller reporting company.

 

Item 4. Controls and Procedures.

 

Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

Pursuant to Rule 13a-15(b) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (“Exchange Act”), the Company carried out an evaluation, with the participation of the Company’s management, including the Company’s Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”) and Chief Financial Officer (“CFO”) (the Company’s principal financial and accounting officer), of the effectiveness of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures (as defined under Rule 13a-15(e) under the Exchange Act) as of the end of the period covered by this report. Based upon that evaluation, the Company’s CEO and CFO concluded that the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures are effective as of June 30, 2019 to ensure that information required to be disclosed by the Company in the reports that the Company files or submits under the Exchange Act, is recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to the Company’s management, including the Company’s CEO and CFO, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

 

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

 

During the quarterly period ended June 30, 2019, there has been no change in our internal controls over financial reporting (as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal controls over financial reporting. We will continue to monitor the deficiencies identified in internal controls and make changes that our management deems necessary.

 

38

 

  

PART II – OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Legal Proceedings.

 

There are no actions, suits, proceedings, inquiries or investigation before or by any court, public board, government agency, self-regulatory organization or body pending or, to the knowledge of the executive officers of our company or any of our subsidiaries, threatened against or affecting our company, our common stock, any of our subsidiaries or of our companies or our subsidiaries’ officers or directors in their capacities as such, in which an adverse decision could have a material adverse effect. 

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors.

 

Not applicable because we are a smaller reporting company. 

 

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.

 

There were no unregistered sales of the Company’s equity securities during the three months ended June 30, 2019, that were not otherwise disclosed in a Current Report on Form 8-K.  

 

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities.

 

There has been no default in the payment of principal, interest, sinking or purchase fund installment, or any other material default, with respect to any indebtedness of the Company. 

 

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures.

 

Not applicable.

 

Item 5. Other Information. 

 

There is no other information required to be disclosed under this item which was not previously disclosed.

  

Item 6. Exhibits.

 

Exhibit
Number
  Description
     
31.1   Certifications of the Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
32.1+   Certifications of the Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
32.2+   Certifications of the Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
101.INS   XBRL Instance Document
101.SCH   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
101.CAL   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document.
101.LAB   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document.
101.PRE   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document.
101.DEF   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document.

 

+In accordance with the SEC Release 33-8238, deemed being furnished and not filed.

 

39

 

  

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized. 

 

Date: August 15, 2019 MULIANG AGRITECH, INC.
     
  By: /s/ Lirong Wang
  Name:  Lirong Wang
  Title: Chief Executive Officer and
Chief Financial Officer
    (Principal Executive Officer, and Principal Accounting Officer)

 

 

40