Company Quick10K Filing
Mitek Systems
Closing Price ($) Shares Out (MM) Market Cap ($MM)
$10.65 40 $424
10-Q 2019-03-31 Quarter: 2019-03-31
10-Q 2018-12-31 Quarter: 2018-12-31
10-K 2018-09-30 Annual: 2018-09-30
10-Q 2018-06-30 Quarter: 2018-06-30
10-Q 2018-03-31 Quarter: 2018-03-31
10-Q 2017-12-31 Quarter: 2017-12-31
10-K 2017-09-30 Annual: 2017-09-30
10-Q 2017-06-30 Quarter: 2017-06-30
10-Q 2017-03-31 Quarter: 2017-03-31
10-Q 2016-12-31 Quarter: 2016-12-31
10-K 2016-09-30 Annual: 2016-09-30
10-Q 2016-06-30 Quarter: 2016-06-30
10-Q 2016-03-31 Quarter: 2016-03-31
10-Q 2015-12-31 Quarter: 2015-12-31
10-K 2015-09-30 Annual: 2015-09-30
10-Q 2015-06-30 Quarter: 2015-06-30
10-Q 2015-03-31 Quarter: 2015-03-31
10-Q 2014-12-31 Quarter: 2014-12-31
10-K 2014-09-30 Annual: 2014-09-30
10-Q 2014-06-30 Quarter: 2014-06-30
10-Q 2014-03-31 Quarter: 2014-03-31
10-Q 2013-12-31 Quarter: 2013-12-31
8-K 2019-05-01 Earnings, Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2019-03-06 Shareholder Vote
8-K 2019-01-29 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-12-21 Other Events
8-K 2018-12-11 Other Events
8-K 2018-12-05 Officers, Exhibits
8-K 2018-11-26 Officers
8-K 2018-11-21 Other Events
8-K 2018-11-20 Other Events
8-K 2018-11-06 Officers, Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-11-05 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-11-01 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-10-23 Enter Agreement, Shareholder Rights, Amend Bylaw, Exhibits
8-K 2018-08-27 Officers, Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-07-26 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-05-23 Enter Agreement, M&A, Sale of Shares, Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-05-01 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-03-07 Shareholder Vote
8-K 2018-02-27 Officers, Exhibits
8-K 2018-01-25 Earnings, Exhibits
USB US Bancorp De 83,410
PNR Pentair 6,480
LTHM Livent 1,230
PGC Peapack Gladstone Financial 550
TLRD Tailored Brands 399
RYB RYB Education 211
BRAC Black Ridge Acquisition 181
AVGR Avinger 39
CBNT C-Bond Systems 0
DTHR Dthera Sciences 0
MITK 2019-03-31
Part I
Item 1. Financial Statements.
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Part II
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Item 5. Other Information
Item 6. Exhibits
EX-10.1 mitk-20190331xexx101.htm
EX-31.1 mitk-20190331xexx311.htm
EX-31.2 mitk-20190331xexx312.htm
EX-32.1 mitk-20190331xexx321.htm

Mitek Systems Earnings 2019-03-31

MITK 10Q Quarterly Report

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow

10-QFALSEMarch 31, 20192019Q2MITKMITEK SYSTEMS INCAccelerated 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Washington, D.C. 20549
Form 10-Q 

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2019 
For the transition period from                      to                     .
Commission File Number 001-35231
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

(State or Other Jurisdiction of
Incorporation or Organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
600 B Street, Suite 100
San Diego, California
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)(Zip Code)
(619) 269-6800
(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ☒    No   ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes  ☒    No  ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filer
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ☐    No  ☒

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act.
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $0.001 per shareMITKThe NASDAQ Capital Market
There were 39,847,328 shares of the registrant’s common stock outstanding as of April 30, 2019.

For The Quarterly Period Ended March 31, 2019 

(amounts in thousands except share data)

 March 31, 2019
September 30, 2018
Current assets:  
Cash and cash equivalents$18,745 $9,028 
Short-term investments5,861 8,448 
Accounts receivable, net11,862 16,821 
Prepaid expenses2,070 2,278 
Other current assets2,600 1,053 
Total current assets41,138 37,628 
Property and equipment, net4,604 4,665 
Intangible assets, net28,468 32,947 
Goodwill33,440 34,407 
Deferred income tax assets, net17,580 15,356 
Other non-current assets2,410 2,147 
Total assets$127,640 $127,150 
Current liabilities:  
Accounts payable$3,117 3,573 
Accrued payroll and related taxes5,465 7,915 
Deferred revenue, current portion7,973 4,792 
Acquisition-related contingent consideration1,162 1,849 
Other current liabilities1,639 2,278 
Total current liabilities19,356 20,407 
Deferred revenue, non-current portion516 485 
Deferred income tax liabilities7,916 8,162 
Other non-current liabilities1,783 2,702 
Total liabilities29,571 31,756 
Stockholders’ equity:    
Preferred stock, $0.001 par value, 1,000,000 shares authorized, none issued and outstanding
Common stock, $0.001 par value, 60,000,000 shares authorized, 39,348,080 and 37,961,224 issued and outstanding, as of March 31, 2019 and September 30, 2018, respectively
39 38 
Additional paid-in capital124,613 116,944 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(2,594)(586)
Accumulated deficit(23,989)(21,002)
Total stockholders’ equity98,069 95,394 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity$127,640 $127,150 
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.


(amounts in thousands except per share data)
 Three Months Ended March 31,Six Months Ended March 31,
Software and hardware$10,585 $8,773 $20,580 $15,979 
Service and other9,398 5,504 17,086 10,434 
Total revenue19,983 14,277 37,666 26,413 
Operating costs and expenses  
Cost of revenue—software and hardware907 485 1,752 1,204 
Cost of revenue—service and other
2,084 1,232 4,117 2,130 
Selling and marketing6,752 5,348 13,960 10,123 
Research and development5,290 3,501 9,778 6,781 
General and administrative4,827 3,773 10,669 7,290 
Acquisition-related costs and expenses1,773 1,203 3,600 2,462 
Total operating costs and expenses21,633 15,542 43,876 29,990 
Operating loss(1,650)(1,265)(6,210)(3,577)
Other income, net140 204 154 394 
Loss before income taxes(1,510)(1,061)(6,056)(3,183)
Income tax benefit (provision)794 (99)2,149 (3,713)
Net loss$(716)$(1,160)$(3,907)$(6,896)
Net loss per share—basic and diluted$(0.02)$(0.03)$(0.10)$(0.20)
Shares used in calculating net loss per share—basic and diluted
38,926 34,976 38,583 34,587 
Other comprehensive loss  
Net loss$(716)$(1,160)$(3,907)$(6,896)
Foreign currency translation adjustment(1,203)403 (2,027)592 
Unrealized gain (loss) on investments6 (12)19 (71)
Other comprehensive loss$(1,913)$(769)$(5,915)$(6,375)
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

(amounts in thousands except per share)

Three Months Ended March 31, 2019
Common Stock
Income (Loss)
Balance, December 31, 201838,639 $39 $120,199 $(23,273)$(1,397)$95,568 
Exercise of stock options502 — 1,570 — — 1,570 
Settlement of restricted stock units139 — — — —  
Issuance of common stock under employee stock purchase plan
68 — 491 — — 491 
Stock-based compensation expense— — 2,353 — — 2,353 
Components of other comprehensive loss:
Net loss— — — (716)— (716)
Currency translation adjustment— — — — (1,203)(1,203)
Change in unrealized gain (loss) on investments
— — — — 6 6 
Total other comprehensive loss(1,913)
Balance, March 31, 201939,348 $39 $124,613 $(23,989)$(2,594)$98,069 

Three Months Ended March 31, 2018
Common Stock
Income (Loss)
Balance, December 31, 201734,903 $35 $87,020 $(14,931)$277 $72,401 
Exercise of stock options9 — 31 — — 31 
Settlement of restricted stock units147 — — — —  
Stock-based compensation expense— — 2,058 — — 2,058 
Components of other comprehensive loss:
Net loss— — — (1,160)— (1,160)
Currency translation adjustment— — — — 403 403 
Change in unrealized gain (loss) on investments
— — — — (12)(12)
Total other comprehensive loss
Balance, March 31, 201835,059 $35 $89,109 $(16,091)$668 $73,721 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements..

(amounts in thousands except per share)

Six Months Ended March 31, 2019
Common Stock Outstanding SharesCommon StockAdditional Paid-In CapitalAccumulated DeficitAccumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)Total Stockholders’ Equity
Balance, September 30, 201837,961 $38 $116,944 $(21,002)$(586)$95,394 
Exercise of stock options637 — 2,156 — — 2,156 
Settlement of restricted stock units682 1 (1)— —  
Issuance of common stock under employee stock purchase plan
68 — 491 — — 491 
Stock-based compensation expense— — 5,023 — — 5,023 
Cumulative-effect adjustment from the adoption of ASU 2014-09
— — — 920 — 920 
Components of other comprehensive loss:
Net loss— — — (3,907)— (3,907)
Currency translation adjustment— — — — (2,027)(2,027)
Change in unrealized gain (loss) on investments
— — — — 19 19 
Total other comprehensive loss(5,915)
Balance, March 31, 201939,348 $39 $124,613 $(23,989)$(2,594)$98,069 

Six Months Ended March 31, 2018
Common Stock Outstanding SharesCommon StockAdditional Paid-In CapitalAccumulated DeficitAccumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)Total Stockholders’ Equity
Balance, September 30, 201733,724 $34 $78,677 $(17,450)$147 $61,408 
Exercise of stock options73 — 166 — — 166 
Settlement of restricted stock units596 — — — —  
Acquisition-related shares issued666 1 5,609 — — 5,610 
Stock-based compensation expense— — 3,947 — — 3,947 
Amortization of earnout shares— — 710 — — 710 
Cumulative-effect adjustment from the adoption of ASU 2016-09
— — — 8,255 — 8,255 
Components of other comprehensive loss:
Net loss— — — (6,896)— (6,896)
Currency translation adjustment— — — — 592 592 
Change in unrealized gain (loss) on investments
— — — — (71)(71)
Total other comprehensive loss
Balance, March 31, 201835,059 $35 $89,109 $(16,091)$668 $73,721 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements..

(amounts in thousands)
Six Months Ended March 31,
Operating activities:  
Net loss$(3,907)$(6,896)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities:
Stock-based compensation expense5,023 3,947 
Amortization of closing and earnout shares 355 
Amortization of intangible assets3,537 1,119 
Depreciation and amortization678 200 
Amortization of investment premiums and other(28)(26)
Deferred taxes(2,496)4,417 
Changes in assets and liabilities:  
Accounts receivable4,825 949 
Other assets(493)(1,951)
Accounts payable(435)(367)
Accrued payroll and related taxes(2,505)66 
Deferred revenue3,250 1,156 
Other liabilities(829)838 
Net cash provided by operating activities6,620 3,807 
Investing activities:  
Purchases of investments(5,241)(15,412)
Sales and maturities of investments7,880 29,365 
Acquisitions, net of cash acquired (2,991)
Purchases of property and equipment(694)(1,742)
Net cash provided by investing activities1,945 9,220 
Financing activities:  
Proceeds from the issuance of equity plan common stock2,647 166 
Payment of acquisition-related contingent consideration(1,029) 
Principal payments on other borrowings(250)(249)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities1,368 (83)
Foreign currency effect on cash and cash equivalents(216)5 
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents9,717 12,949 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period9,028 12,289 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period$18,745 $25,238 
Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:  
Cash paid for income taxes$296 $85 
Supplemental disclosures of non-cash investing and financing activities:  
Unrealized holding gain (loss) on available-for-sale investments$19 $(71)
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements. .. ..

Nature of Operations
Mitek Systems, Inc. ("Mitek" or the "Company") is a leading innovator of mobile capture and digital identity verification solutions. Mitek is a software development company with expertise in artificial intelligence and machine learning. The Company is currently serving more than 6,500 financial services organizations and leading marketplace and financial technology ("fintech") brands across the globe. The Company's solutions are embedded in native mobile apps and mobile optimized websites to facilitate better mobile user experiences, fraud detection and reduction, and compliant transactions.
Mitek's Mobile Deposit® solution is used today by millions of consumers in the United States ("U.S."), Canada, the United Kingdom, and Australia for mobile check deposit. Mobile Deposit® is the category leading product that allows individuals and businesses to remotely deposit checks using their camera-equipped smartphone or tablet. The Company's Mobile Deposit® solution has now processed over three billion check deposits. Mitek began selling Mobile Deposit® in the second fiscal quarter of 2008, and received its first patent issued for this product in August 2010.
Mitek’s Mobile Verify™ is an important technology used to verify people’s identities at the point of onboarding via web or mobile device. Scanning an identity document enables an enterprise to identify the person with whom they are conducting business, comply with growing governmental Know Your Customer and Anti-Money Laundering ("AML") regulatory requirements, and to improve the overall customer experience for digital onboarding. To be sure the person submitting the identity document is who they say they are, Mitek's Mobile Verify Face Comparison provides an incremental layer of verification and compares the face on the identity document with the selfie photo of the user. Mitek's Mobile Verify Face Comparison technology uses advanced liveness detection so it cannot be spoofed.
The identification capture process provided by Mitek can also provide prefill of much of the data obtained from the identity document into an application, requiring far fewer key strokes, reducing keying errors, and improving both operational efficiency and the customer experience. Today, the financial services verticals (banks, credit unions, lenders, payments processors, card issuers, fintech companies, etc.) represent the greatest percentage of use of the Company's solutions, but marketplaces, sharing economy, telecommunications, healthcare, travel, and retail sectors are showing accelerated adoption. Similarly, websites that must verify the customer’s age (or other consumer information) prior to selling goods can do so by verifying identity documents. Mitek uses machine learning to constantly improve the product performance of Mobile Verify™ and applies artificial intelligence to increase automation and speed of approvals of identification documents.
The core of the Company's user experience is Mitek MiSnap™, a touch-free automated capture technology which can be incorporated across product lines. It provides a simple and superior user-experience, making transactions on mobile devices fast, accurate, and easy for the consumer while helping organizations drive revenue from the increasingly popular mobile channel.
Mobile Fill™, Mitek's mobile identity capture solution, enables the camera to serve as a keyboard. Using Mobile Fill™, consumers can quickly prefill any form with personal data by simply snapping a picture of their driver's license, credit card, or other similar identity document.
CheckReader, which the Company acquired through the acquisition of A2iA (as defined below), enables financial institutions to automatically extract data from a check image received across all deposit channels – branch, ATM, Remote Deposit Capture, and mobile. Through the automatic recognition of all fields on checks, whether handwritten or machine print, CheckReader speeds the time to deposit for banks and customers and reduces costs formerly incurred before images could be exchanged.
ID_CLOUD™ is a fully automated identity verification solution that can be integrated into a customer’s application to instantly read and validate identity documents. ID_CLOUD™ automated technology enables global enterprises to improve their customer acquisition technology while meeting AML requirements in a safe and cost-effective manner. This solution is available in the cloud, and via mobile websites and desktop applications. Additionally, a version of ID_CLOUD™ is available that works locally on a desktop that is connected to a proprietary hardware scanner for reading and validating identity documents.
The Company markets and sells its products and services worldwide through internal, direct sales teams located in the U.S., Europe, and Latin America as well as through channel partners. The Company's partner sales strategy includes channel partners who are financial services technology providers and identity verification providers. These partners integrate the Company's products into their solutions to meet the needs of their customers.

As of March 31, 2019, the Company has been granted 50 patents and it has an additional 20 patent applications pending.
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements of the Company as of March 31, 2019 have been prepared in accordance with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X and, accordingly, they do not include all information and footnote disclosures required by accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S. (“GAAP”). The Company believes the footnotes and other disclosures made in the financial statements are adequate for a fair presentation of the results of the interim periods presented. The financial statements include all adjustments (solely of a normal recurring nature) which are, in the opinion of management, necessary to make the information presented not misleading. Certain reclassifications were made to previously reported amounts in the consolidated statements of cash flows to make them consistent with the current period presentation. You should read these financial statements and the accompanying notes in conjunction with the financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2018, filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission on December 14, 2018.
Results for the three months ended March 31, 2019 are not necessarily indicative of results for any other interim period or for a full fiscal year.
Principles of Consolidation
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly owned subsidiaries. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
Foreign Currency
The Company has foreign subsidiaries that operate and sell products and services in various countries and jurisdictions around the world. As a result, the Company is exposed to foreign currency exchange risks. For those subsidiaries whose functional currency is not the U.S. dollar, assets and liabilities are translated into U.S. dollars at the exchange rate in effect on the balance sheet date and revenues and expenses are translated into U.S. dollars using the average exchange rate over the period.  Resulting currency translation adjustments are recorded in accumulated other comprehensive loss in the consolidated balance sheets. The Company recorded a net loss resulting from foreign exchange translation of $1.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and a net gain resulting from foreign exchange translation of $0.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2018. The Company recorded a net loss resulting from foreign exchange translation of $2.0 million for the six months ended March 31, 2019 and a net gain resulting from foreign exchange translation of $0.6 million for the six months ended March 31, 2018.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue, expenses, deferred taxes, and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. On an ongoing basis, management reviews its estimates based upon currently available information. Actual results could differ materially from those estimates. These estimates include, but are not limited to, assessing the collectability of accounts receivable, estimation of the value of stock-based compensation awards, fair value of assets and liabilities acquired, impairment of goodwill, useful lives of intangible assets, standalone selling price related to revenue recognition, contingent consideration, and income taxes.
Revenue Recognition
The Company recognizes revenue in accordance with Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, and its related amendments (collectively known as “ASC 606”). ASC 606 outlines a single comprehensive model to use in accounting for revenue arising from contracts with customers. The core principle, involving a five-step process, of the revenue model is that an entity recognizes revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services.
The Company generates revenue primarily from the delivery of licenses (to both on premise and transactional software as a service ("SaaS") products) and related services, as well as the delivery of hardware and professional services. Revenue is measured based on consideration specified in a contract with a customer. The Company recognizes revenue when it satisfies a performance obligation by transferring control over a product or service to a customer which may be at a point in time or over time. See Note 2 of the consolidated financial statements for additional details.

Net Loss Per Share 
The Company calculates net loss per share in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 260, Earnings per Share. Basic net loss per share is based on the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted net loss per share also gives effect to all potentially dilutive securities outstanding during the period, such as restricted stock units (“RSUs”), stock options, and Employee Stock Purchase Plan (“ESPP”) shares, if dilutive. In a period with a net loss position, potentially dilutive securities are not included in the computation of diluted net loss because to do so would be antidilutive, and the number of shares used to calculate basic and diluted net loss is the same.
For the three and six months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, the following potentially dilutive common shares were excluded from the calculation of net loss per share, as they would have been antidilutive (amounts in thousands):

 Three Months Ended March 31,Six Months Ended March 31,
Stock options2,390 3,047 2,390 3,047 
RSUs2,682 2,670 2,682 2,670 
ESPP common stock equivalents65  65  
Total potentially dilutive common shares outstanding5,137 5,717 5,137 5,717 

The calculation of basic and diluted net loss per share is as follows (amounts in thousands, except per share data):
 Three Months Ended March 31,Six Months Ended March 31,
Net loss$(716)$(1,160)$(3,907)$(6,896)
Weighted-average shares outstanding—basic38,926 34,976 38,583 34,587 
Common stock equivalents    
Weighted-average shares outstanding—diluted38,926 34,976 38,583 34,587 
Net loss per share:
Investments consist of corporate notes and bonds, commercial paper, and U.S. Treasury securities. The Company classifies investments as available-for-sale at the time of purchase and reevaluates such classification as of each balance sheet date. All investments are recorded at estimated fair value. Unrealized gains and losses for available-for-sale securities are included in accumulated other comprehensive loss, a component of stockholders’ equity. The Company evaluates its investments to assess whether those with unrealized loss positions are other-than-temporarily impaired. Impairments are considered to be other-than-temporary if they are related to deterioration in credit risk or if it is likely that the Company will sell the securities before the recovery of its cost basis. Realized gains and losses and declines in value judged to be other-than-temporary are determined based on the specific identification method and are reported in other income, net in the consolidated statements of operations and other comprehensive loss. No other-than-temporary impairment charges were recognized in the three and six months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018.
All investments whose maturity or sale is expected within one year are classified as “current” on the consolidated balance sheets. All other securities are classified as “long-term” on the consolidated balance sheets.
Accounts Receivable and Allowance for Doubtful Accounts
Trade accounts receivable are recorded at the net invoice value and are not interest bearing. The Company considers receivables past due based on the contractual payment terms. Allowances for doubtful accounts are established based on various factors, including credit profiles of the Company’s customers, contractual terms and conditions, historical payments, and current economic trends. The Company reviews its allowances by assessing individual accounts receivable over a specific aging and amount. Accounts receivable are written off on a case-by-case basis, net of any amounts that may be collected. The Company had $0.1 million of write-offs to the allowance for doubtful accounts in the three and six months ended March 31, 2019. The Company had no write-offs to the allowance for doubtful accounts for the three and six months ended March 31, 2018. The Company maintained an allowance for doubtful accounts of $0.2 million and $0.3 million as of March 31, 2019 and September 30, 2018, respectively.

Capitalized Software Development Costs
Costs incurred for the development of software that will be sold, leased, or otherwise marketed are capitalized when technological feasibility has been established. Software development costs consist primarily of compensation of development personnel and related overhead incurred to develop new products and upgrade and enhance the Company’s current products, as well as fees paid to outside consultants. Capitalization of software development costs ceases, and amortization of capitalized software development costs commences when the products are available for general release. The Company capitalized $0.1 million of software development costs during the six months ended March 31, 2019. For the six months ended March 31, 2018, no software development costs were capitalized because the time period and costs incurred between technological feasibility and general release for all software product releases were not material or were not realizable. We had no amortization expense from capitalized software costs during the six months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018.
Costs related to software acquired, developed, or modified solely to meet our internal requirements, with no substantive plans to market such software at the time of development, are capitalized. Costs incurred during the preliminary planning and evaluation stage of the project and during post implementation operational stage are expensed as incurred. Costs incurred during the application development stage of the project are capitalized. The Company defines the design, configuration, and coding process as the application development stage. The Company capitalized $0.1 million and $0.3 million of costs related to computer software developed for internal use during the six months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. The Company had $0.2 million in amortization expense from internal use software during the six months ended March 31, 2019 and no amortization expense from internal use software during the six months ended March 31, 2018.
Goodwill and Purchased Intangible Assets
The Company’s goodwill and intangible assets resulted from prior acquisitions. Goodwill and intangible assets with indefinite useful lives are not amortized, but are tested for impairment at least annually or as circumstances indicate that their value may no longer be recoverable. In accordance with ASC Topic 350, Intangibles—Goodwill and Other (“ASC 350”), the Company reviews its goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets for impairment at least annually in its fiscal fourth quarter and more frequently if events or changes in circumstances occur that indicate a potential reduction in the fair value of its reporting unit and/or its indefinite-lived intangible asset below their respective carrying values. Examples of such events or circumstances include: a significant adverse change in legal factors or in the business climate, a significant decline in the Company’s stock price, a significant decline in the Company’s projected revenue or cash flows, an adverse action or assessment by a regulator, unanticipated competition, a loss of key personnel, or the presence of other indicators that would indicate a reduction in the fair value of a reporting unit. No such events or circumstances have occurred since the last impairment assessment was performed.
The Company’s goodwill is considered to be impaired if management determines that the carrying value of the reporting unit to which the goodwill has been assigned exceeds management’s estimate of its fair value. Based on the guidance provided by ASC 350 and ASC Topic 280, Segment Reporting, management has determined that the Company operates in one segment and consists of one reporting unit given the similarities in economic characteristics between its operations and the common nature of its products, services and customers. Because the Company has only one reporting unit, and because the Company is publicly traded, the Company determines the fair value of the reporting unit based on its market capitalization as it believes this represents the best evidence of fair value. In the fourth quarter of fiscal 2018, management completed its annual goodwill impairment test and concluded that the Company’s goodwill was not impaired. The Company’s conclusion that goodwill was not impaired was based on a comparison of its net assets to its market capitalization.
Because the Company determines the fair value of its reporting unit based on its market capitalization, the Company’s future reviews of goodwill for impairment may be impacted by changes in the price of the Company’s common stock, par value $0.001 per share (“Common Stock”). For example, a significant decline in the price of the Common Stock may cause the fair value of its goodwill to fall below its carrying value. Therefore, the Company cannot assure that when it completes its future reviews of goodwill for impairment a material impairment charge will not be recorded.
Intangible assets are amortized over their useful lives. Each period, the Company evaluates the estimated remaining useful life of its intangible assets and whether events or changes in circumstances warrant a revision to the remaining period of amortization. The carrying amounts of these assets are periodically reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value of these assets may not be recoverable. Recoverability of these assets is measured by comparing the carrying amount of each asset to the future undiscounted cash flows the asset is expected to generate. The carrying amount of such assets is reduced to fair value if the undiscounted cash flows used in the test for recoverability are less than the carrying amount of such assets.

Income Taxes
The Company accounts for income taxes in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 740, Income Taxes. Deferred tax assets and liabilities arise from temporary differences between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their reported amounts in the financial statements that will result in taxable or deductible amounts in future years.
Management evaluates the available evidence about future taxable income and other possible sources of realization of deferred tax assets. The valuation allowance reduces deferred tax assets to an amount that represents management’s best estimate of the amount of such deferred tax assets that more likely than not will be realized. See Note 7 of the consolidated financial statements for additional details.
The Company recognizes the tax benefit from an uncertain tax position only if it is more likely than not that the tax position will be sustained on examination by the tax authorities, based on the technical merits of the position. The tax benefit is measured based on the largest benefit that has a greater than 50% likelihood of being realized upon ultimate settlement. The Company recognizes interest and penalties related to income tax matters in income tax expense. See Note 7 of the consolidated financial statements for additional details.
Stock-Based Compensation
The Company issues RSUs, stock options, performance options, and Senior Executive Long Term Incentive Restricted Stock Units (“Senior Executive Performance RSUs”) as awards to its employees. Additionally, eligible employees may participate in the Company’s ESPP. Employee stock awards are measured at fair value on the date of grant and expense is recognized using the straight-line single-option method in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 718, Compensation-Stock Compensation. Forfeitures are recorded as they occur.
The Company assigns fair value to RSUs based on the closing stock price on the date of grant.
The Company estimates the fair value of stock options and ESPP shares using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. The Black-Scholes option pricing model requires subjective assumptions, including future stock price volatility and expected time to exercise, which greatly affect the calculated values. The expected term of options granted is derived from historical data on employee exercises and post-vesting employment termination behavior. The risk-free rate selected to value any particular grant is based on the U.S. Treasury rate that corresponds to the expected life of the grant effective as of the date of the grant. The expected volatility is based on the historical volatility of the Company’s stock price. These factors could change in the future, affecting the determination of stock-based compensation expense in future periods.
The Company estimates the fair value of Senior Executive Performance RSUs, performance options, and similar awards using the Monte-Carlo simulation. The Monte-Carlo simulation requires subjective assumptions, including the Company’s valuation date stock price, the annual risk-free interest rate, expected volatility, the probability of reaching the performance targets, and a 20-trading-day average stock price.
Other Borrowings
The Company has certain loan agreements with Spanish government agencies which were assumed when the Company acquired ICAR Vision Systems, S.L. ("ICAR"). These agreements have repayment periods of five to twelve years and bear no interest. As of March 31, 2019, $0.5 million was outstanding under these agreements and $0.1 million and $0.4 million is recorded in other current liabilities and other non-current liabilities, respectively, in the consolidated balance sheets. As of September 30, 2018, $0.8 million was outstanding under these agreements and $0.3 million and $0.5 million was recorded in other current liabilities and other non-current liabilities, respectively, in the consolidated balance sheets.
In the ordinary course of business, the Company is not subject to potential obligations under guarantees that fall within the scope of FASB ASC Topic 460, Guarantees (“ASC 460”), except for standard indemnification and warranty provisions that are contained within many of the Company’s customer license and service agreements and certain supplier agreements, and give rise only to the disclosure requirements prescribed by ASC 460. Indemnification and warranty provisions contained within the Company’s customer license and service agreements and certain supplier agreements are generally consistent with those prevalent in the Company’s industry. The Company has not historically incurred significant obligations under customer indemnification or warranty provisions and does not expect to incur significant obligations in the future. Accordingly, the Company does not maintain accruals for potential customer indemnification or warranty-related obligations.
Comprehensive Loss 
Comprehensive loss consists of net loss, unrealized gains and losses on available-for-sale securities, and foreign currency translation adjustments. Included on the consolidated balance sheets is accumulated other comprehensive loss of $2.6 million and $0.6 million at March 31, 2019 and September 30, 2018, respectively.

Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
In October 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2016-16, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Intra-Entity Transfers of Assets Other Than Inventory (“ASU 2016-16”), which eliminates the current prohibition on immediate recognition of the current and deferred income tax effects of intra-entity transfers of assets other than inventory, with the intent of reducing complexity and diversity in practice. Under ASU 2016-16, entities must recognize the income tax consequences when the transfer occurs rather than deferring recognition. For public entities, ASU 2016-16 is effective for fiscal years, including interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2017. Entities must apply the guidance on a modified retrospective basis through a cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings as of the beginning of the period of adoption. The Company adopted ASU 2016-16 in the first quarter of 2019, and the adoption did not have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.
In May 2014, the FASB issued guidance codified in ASC 606, to replace existing revenue recognition rules with a single comprehensive model to use in accounting for revenue arising from contracts with customers. Under ASC 606, revenue is recognized when a customer obtains control of promised goods or services for an amount that reflects the consideration the entity expects to receive in exchange for those goods or services. In addition, ASC 606 requires expanded disclosure of the nature, amount, timing, and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from contracts with customers.
The Company adopted ASC 606 on October 1, 2018 for all contracts that were not completed as of the adoption date using the modified retrospective method and the practical expedient was not applied. The Company recognized the cumulative effect of initially applying the new revenue standard as an adjustment to the opening balance of accumulated deficit. The comparative information has not been restated and continues to be reported under the accounting standards in effect for those periods. The Company expects the impact of the adoption of the new revenue standard to be immaterial to our net income on an ongoing basis.
See Note 2 of the consolidated financial statements for additional details on the nature, amount, timing, and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from contracts with customers.
Change in Significant Accounting Policy
Except for the changes below, the Company has consistently applied the accounting policies to all periods presented in its consolidated financial statements. The details of the significant changes and quantitative impact of the changes are disclosed below.
Contract Assets and Liabilities
The Company previously recognized license revenue on term licenses and transactional SaaS revenue on the date payments become due and payable. Under ASC 606, the Company recognizes revenue when control of the license or transactional SaaS service is transferred to the customer. The Company records a contract asset when the revenue is recognized prior to the date payments become due.
Contract assets that are expected to be paid within one year are recorded in other current assets on the consolidated balance sheets. All other contracts assets are recorded in other non-current assets in the consolidated balance sheet. Contract liabilities consist of deferred revenue. When the performance obligation is expected to be fulfilled within one year, the deferred revenue is recorded in current liabilities in the consolidated balance sheet. When the performance obligation is expected to be fulfilled beyond one year, the deferred revenue is recorded in non-current liabilities in the consolidated balance sheet. The Company reports net contract asset or liability positions on a contract-by-contract basis at the end of each reporting period.
Contract Acquisition Costs
The Company previously recognized commission costs in the period earned if the contract was for one year or less. Under ASC 606, when the commission rate for a customer renewal is not commensurate with the commission rate for a new contract, the commission is capitalized if expected to be recovered. Such costs are capitalized on a contract-by-contract basis and amortized using a portfolio approach consistent with the pattern of transfer of the good or service to which the asset relates. Contract acquisition costs are recorded in other current and non-current assets in the consolidated balance sheets.

Impacts on Financial Statements
The following table summarizes the cumulative effect of the changes made to the consolidated balance sheet as of October 1, 2018 due to the adoption of ASC 606 (amounts in thousands):
Balance at September 30, 2018Adjustments Due to the Adoption of ASC 606Balance at October 1, 2018
Other current assets$1,053 $169 $1,222 
Deferred income tax asset15,356 (267)15,089 
Other non-current assets2,147 507 2,654 
Deferred revenue, current portion4,792 (511)4,281 
Deferred revenue, non-current portion485  485 
Accumulated deficit$(21,002)$920 $(20,082)

The following tables summarizes the impacts of ASC 606 adoption on the Company's consolidated financial statements as of and for the three and six months ended March 31, 2019 (amounts in thousands except per share data):
Consolidated Statement of Operations
Impact of changes in accounting policies
Three Months Ended March 31, 2019:As reportedAdjustmentsBalances without adoption of ASC 606
Software and hardware$10,585 $(581)$10,004 
Service and other9,398  9,398 
Total revenue19,983 (581)19,402 
Operating expenses
Selling and marketing$6,752 $(1)$6,751 
Impact of changes in accounting policies
Six Months Ended March 31, 2019:As reportedAdjustmentsBalances without adoption of ASC 606
Software and hardware$20,580 $(1,271)$19,309 
Service and other17,086  17,086 
Total revenue37,666 (1,271)36,395 
Operating expenses
Selling and marketing$13,960 $10 $13,970 


Consolidated Balance Sheet
Impact of changes in accounting policies
March 31, 2019:As reportedAdjustmentsBalances without adoption of ASC 606
Other current assets$2,600 $(1,012)$1,588 
Deferred income tax asset17,580 555 18,135 
Other non-current assets2,410 (10)2,400 
Deferred revenue, current portion7,973 1,210 9,183 
Deferred revenue, non-current portion516  516 
Accumulated deficit$(23,989)$(1,677)$(25,666)

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-15, Intangibles—Goodwill and Other—Internal-Use Software (ASC 350-40): Customer’s Accounting for Implementation Costs Incurred in a Cloud Computing Arrangement That Is a Service Contract ("ASU 2018-15"), which requires hosting arrangements that are service contracts to follow the guidance for internal-use software to determine which implementation costs can be capitalized. ASU 2018-15 is effective either prospectively or retrospectively for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, and interim periods within those fiscal years, with early adoption permitted. The Company does not expect the adoption of ASU 2018-15 to have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.
In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-13, Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Disclosure Framework—Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement, to eliminate, add, and modify certain disclosure requirements for fair value measurements. Entities will no longer be required to disclose the amount of and reasons for transfers between Level 1 and Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy, but public companies will be required to disclose the range and weighted average used to develop significant unobservable inputs for Level 3 fair value measurements. The guidance is effective for annual and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2019, but entities are permitted to early adopt either the entire standard or only the provisions that eliminate or modify the requirements. The Company is currently evaluating how to apply the new guidance.
In February 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-02, Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (“ASU 2018-02”). Under previously existing GAAP, the effects of changes in tax rates and laws on deferred tax balances are recorded as a component of income tax expense in the period in which the law was enacted. When deferred tax balances related to items originally recorded in accumulated other comprehensive income are adjusted, certain tax effects become stranded in accumulated other comprehensive income. The amendments in ASU 2018-02 allow a reclassification from accumulated other comprehensive income to retained earnings for stranded tax effects resulting from the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017. The amendments in this ASU also require certain disclosures about stranded tax effects. The guidance is required for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018 (our fiscal year 2020), and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption in any period is permitted. The Company does not expect the adoption of ASU 2018-02 to have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.
In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-04, Intangibles – Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment (“ASU 2017-04”), which eliminates Step 2 of the goodwill impairment test that had required a hypothetical purchase price allocation. Rather, entities should apply the same impairment assessment to all reporting units and recognize an impairment loss for the amount by which a reporting unit’s carrying amount exceeds its fair value, without exceeding the total amount of goodwill allocated to that reporting unit. Entities will continue to have the option to perform a qualitative assessment for a reporting unit to determine if the quantitative impairment test is necessary. ASU 2017-04 will be effective prospectively for annual or interim goodwill impairment tests in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019. The Company does not expect the adoption of ASU 2017-04 to have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments – Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments (“ASU 2016-13”), which requires entities to use a Current Expected Credit Loss model which is a new impairment model based on expected losses rather than incurred losses. Under this model, an entity would recognize an impairment allowance equal to its current estimate of all contractual cash flows that the entity does not expect to collect from financial assets measured at amortized cost. The entity’s estimate would consider relevant information about past events, current conditions and reasonable and supportable forecasts. ASU 2016-13 is effective for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 31, 2019 with early adoption permitted for annual reporting periods beginning after December 31, 2018. The Company is currently evaluating the impact ASU 2016-13 will have on its consolidated financial statements.
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842) (“ASU 2016-02”), which modified lease accounting for both lessees and lessors to increase transparency and comparability by recognizing lease assets and lease liabilities by lessees for those leases classified as operating leases under previous accounting standards and disclosing key information about leasing arrangements. ASU 2016-02 will be effective for the Company beginning in its first quarter of fiscal 2020 and early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of adopting the new lease standard on its consolidated financial statements.
No other new accounting pronouncement issued or effective during the three months ended March 31, 2019 had, or is expected to have, a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

Nature of Goods and Services
The following is a description of principal activities from which the Company generates its revenue. Contracts with customers are evaluated on a contract-by-contract basis as contracts may include multiple types of goods and services as described below.
Software and Hardware
Software and hardware revenue is generated from on premise software license sales, as well as sales of hardware scanner boxes and on premise appliance products. For software license agreements that are distinct, the Company recognizes software license revenue upon delivery and after evidence of a contract exists. Hardware revenue is recognized in the period that the hardware is shipped.
Service and Other
Service and other revenue is generated from the sale of transactional SaaS products and services, maintenance associated with the sale of software and hardware, and consulting and professional services. The Company recognizes services and other revenue over the period in which such services are performed. The Company’s model typically includes an up-front fee and a periodic commitment from the customer that commences upon completion of the implementation through the remainder of the customer life. The up-front fee is the initial setup fee, or the implementation fee. The periodic commitment includes, but is not limited to, a fixed periodic fee and / or a transactional fee based on system usage that exceeds committed minimums. If the up-front fee is not distinct, revenue is deferred until the date the customer commences use of the Company’s services, at which point the up-front fee is recognized ratably over the life of the customer arrangement. The Company does not view the signing of the contract or the provision of initial setup services as discrete earnings events that are distinct.
Significant Judgments in Application of the Guidance
The Company uses the following methods, inputs, and assumptions in determining amounts of revenue to recognize:
Identification of Performance Obligations
For contracts that contain multiple performance obligations, which include combinations of software licenses, maintenance, and services, the Company accounts for individual goods or services as a separate performance obligation if they are distinct. The good or service is distinct if the good or service is separately identifiable from other items in the arrangement and if a customer can benefit from it on its own or with other resources that are readily available to the customer. If these criteria are not met, the promised goods or services are accounted for as a combined performance obligation.
Determination of Transaction Price
The transaction price is determined based on the consideration to which the Company will be entitled in exchange for transferring products or services to the customer. The Company includes any fixed charges within its contracts as part of the total transaction price. To the extent that variable consideration is not constrained, the Company includes an estimate of the

variable amount, as appropriate, within the total transaction price and updates its assumptions over the duration of the contract. As a practical expedient, the Company does not adjust the transaction price for the effects of a significant financing component if, at contract inception, the period between customer payment and the transfer of goods or services is expected to be one year or less.
Assessment of Estimates of Variable Consideration
Many of the Company’s contracts with customers contain some component of variable consideration; however, the constraint will generally not result in a reduction in the estimated transaction price for most forms of variable consideration. The Company may constrain the estimated transaction price in the event of a high degree of uncertainty as to the final consideration amount owed because of an extended length of time over which the fees may be adjusted.
Allocation of Transaction Price
The transaction price, including any discounts, is allocated between separate goods and services in a contract that contains multiple performance obligations based on their relative standalone selling prices. The standalone selling prices are determined based on the prices at which the Company separately sells each good or servi