10-Q 1 mth-20220930.htm 10-Q mth-20220930
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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
 FORM 10-Q 
(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2022
OR 
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                 to                
Commission File Number 1-9977
 mth-20220930_g1.jpg
Meritage Homes Corporation
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)
Maryland 86-0611231
(State or Other Jurisdiction of Incorporation or Organization) (IRS Employer Identification No.)
8800 E. Raintree Drive, Suite 300, Scottsdale, Arizona 85260
(Address of Principal Executive Offices) (Zip Code)
(480) 515-8100
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
N/A
(Former Name, Former Address and Former Fiscal Year, if Changed Since Last Report)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock $.01 par valueMTHNew York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes   No  
Indicate by a checkmark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Date File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes      No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerýAccelerated filer
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨
Indicate by a checkmark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes      No  
Common shares outstanding as of October 24, 2022: 36,571,393



MERITAGE HOMES CORPORATION
FORM 10-Q FOR THE QUARTER ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2022
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
Items 3-5. Not Applicable

2






PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.        Financial Statements

MERITAGE HOMES CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in thousands, except share amounts)
 
 
 September 30, 2022December 31, 2021
Assets
Cash and cash equivalents$299,387 $618,335 
Other receivables193,307 147,548 
Real estate4,726,262 3,734,408 
Real estate not owned 8,011 
Deposits on real estate under option or contract88,428 90,679 
Investments in unconsolidated entities11,356 5,764 
Property and equipment, net39,437 37,340 
Deferred tax assets, net41,060 40,672 
Prepaids, other assets and goodwill171,853 124,776 
Total assets$5,571,090 $4,807,533 
Liabilities
Accounts payable$322,227 $216,009 
Accrued liabilities353,512 337,277 
Home sale deposits57,767 42,610 
Liabilities related to real estate not owned 7,210 
Loans payable and other borrowings12,460 17,552 
Senior notes, net1,143,314 1,142,486 
Total liabilities1,889,280 1,763,144 
Stockholders’ Equity
Preferred stock, par value $0.01. Authorized 10,000,000 shares; none issued and outstanding at September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021
  
Common stock, par value $0.01. Authorized 125,000,000 shares; 36,571,393 and 37,340,855 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively
366 373 
Additional paid-in capital322,442 414,841 
Retained earnings3,359,002 2,629,175 
Total stockholders’ equity3,681,810 3,044,389 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity$5,571,090 $4,807,533 
See accompanying notes to unaudited consolidated financial statements


3



MERITAGE HOMES CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED INCOME STATEMENTS
(in thousands, except per share amounts)
 
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
 2022202120222021
Homebuilding:
Home closing revenue$1,569,032 $1,251,435 $4,223,435 $3,596,060 
Land closing revenue8,989 8,470 53,901 25,225 
Total closing revenue1,578,021 1,259,905 4,277,336 3,621,285 
Cost of home closings(1,118,394)(879,759)(2,950,409)(2,612,428)
Cost of land closings(8,577)(7,706)(42,046)(24,246)
Total cost of closings(1,126,971)(887,465)(2,992,455)(2,636,674)
Home closing gross profit450,638 371,676 1,273,026 983,632 
Land closing gross profit412 764 11,855 979 
Total closing gross profit451,050 372,440 1,284,881 984,611 
Financial Services:
Revenue6,308 5,208 16,119 15,624 
Expense(2,804)(2,308)(7,897)(6,846)
Earnings from financial services unconsolidated entities and other, net
1,338 1,324 4,033 3,821 
Financial services profit4,842 4,224 12,255 12,599 
Commissions and other sales costs(77,884)(68,952)(212,807)(210,585)
General and administrative expenses(48,443)(47,192)(136,370)(128,297)
Interest expense (79)(41)(246)
Other (expense)/income, net(74)1,268 (849)3,443 
Loss on early extinguishment of debt   (18,188)
Earnings before income taxes329,491 261,709 947,069 643,337 
Provision for income taxes(67,002)(60,957)(217,242)(143,353)
Net earnings$262,489 $200,752 $729,827 $499,984 
Earnings per common share:
Basic$7.18 $5.33 $19.87 $13.26 
Diluted$7.10 $5.25 $19.65 $13.06 
Weighted average number of shares:
Basic36,569 37,647 36,736 37,703 
Diluted36,946 38,229 37,136 38,285 

See accompanying notes to unaudited consolidated financial statements


4



MERITAGE HOMES CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(in thousands)
 
 Nine Months Ended September 30,
 20222021
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net earnings$729,827 $499,984 
Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to net cash used in operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization17,545 19,892 
Stock-based compensation16,897 14,435 
Loss on early extinguishment of debt 18,188 
Equity in earnings from unconsolidated entities (3,703)(2,878)
Distributions of earnings from unconsolidated entities3,785 3,324 
Other11,154 (3,085)
Changes in assets and liabilities:
Increase in real estate(990,106)(810,731)
Decrease/(increase) in deposits on real estate under option or contract176 (18,453)
Increase in other receivables, prepaids and other assets(89,177)(51,611)
Increase in accounts payable and accrued liabilities118,636 67,301 
Increase in home sale deposits15,157 14,928 
Net cash used in operating activities(169,809)(248,706)
Cash flows from investing activities:
Investments in unconsolidated entities(5,674)(1)
Purchases of property and equipment(19,537)(17,910)
Proceeds from sales of property and equipment328 404 
Maturities/sales of investments and securities1,032 2,795 
Payments to purchase investments and securities(1,032)(2,795)
Net cash used in investing activities(24,883)(17,507)
Cash flows from financing activities:
Repayment of loans payable and other borrowings(14,953)(6,308)
Repayment of senior notes (317,690)
Proceeds from issuance of senior notes 450,000 
Payment of debt issuance costs (6,102)
Repurchase of shares(109,303)(37,017)
Net cash (used in)/provided by financing activities(124,256)82,883 
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents(318,948)(183,330)
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period618,335 745,621 
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period$299,387 $562,291 
See Supplemental Disclosure of Cash Flow Information in Note 13.
See accompanying notes to unaudited consolidated financial statements

5



MERITAGE HOMES CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

NOTE 1 — ORGANIZATION AND BASIS OF PRESENTATION
Organization. Meritage Homes Corporation ("Meritage Homes") is a leading designer and builder of single-family homes. We primarily build in historically high-growth regions of the United States and offer a variety of entry-level and first move-up homes. We have homebuilding operations in three regions: West, Central and East, which are comprised of ten states: Arizona, California, Colorado, Texas, Florida, Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee and Utah. We also operate a financial services reporting segment. In this segment, we offer title and escrow, mortgage, and insurance services. Carefree Title Agency, Inc. ("Carefree Title"), our wholly-owned title company, provides title insurance and closing/settlement services to our homebuyers. Managing our own title operations allows us greater control over the entire escrow and closing cycles in addition to generating additional revenue. Meritage Homes Insurance Agency (“Meritage Insurance"), our wholly-owned insurance broker, works in collaboration with insurance companies nationwide to offer homeowners insurance and other insurance products to our homebuyers. Our financial services operations also provides mortgage services to our homebuyers through an unconsolidated joint venture.
We commenced our homebuilding operations in 1985 through our predecessor company, Monterey Homes. Meritage Homes Corporation was incorporated in the state of Maryland in 1988 under the name of Homeplex Mortgage Investments Corporation and merged with Monterey Homes in 1996, at which time our name was changed to Monterey Homes Corporation and later ultimately to Meritage Homes Corporation. Since that time, we have engaged in homebuilding and related activities. Meritage Homes Corporation operates as a holding company and has no independent assets or operations. Its homebuilding construction, development and sales activities are conducted through its subsidiaries. Our homebuilding activities are conducted under the name of Meritage Homes in each of our homebuilding markets. At September 30, 2022, we were actively selling homes in 275 communities, with base prices ranging from approximately $250,000 to $1,400,000.
Basis of Presentation. The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. These financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021. The unaudited consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Meritage Homes Corporation and those of our consolidated subsidiaries, partnerships and other entities in which we have a controlling financial interest, and of variable interest entities (see Note 3) in which we are deemed the primary beneficiary (collectively, “us”, “we”, “our” and “the Company”). Intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements include all normal and recurring adjustments that are considered necessary for the fair presentation of our results for the interim periods presented. Results for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of results to be expected for the full fiscal year.
Cash and Cash Equivalents. Liquid investments with an initial maturity of three months or less are classified as cash equivalents. Amounts in transit from title companies or closing agents for home closings of approximately $94.6 million and $95.4 million are included in Cash and cash equivalents at September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively.
Real Estate. Real estate inventory is stated at cost unless the community or land is determined to be impaired, at which point the inventory is written down to fair value as required by Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 360-10, Property, Plant and Equipment (“ASC 360-10”). Inventory includes the costs of land acquisition, land development and home construction, capitalized interest, real estate taxes, and direct overhead costs incurred during development and home construction that benefit the entire community, less impairments, if any. Land and development costs are typically allocated and transferred to homes when home construction begins. Home construction costs are accumulated on a per-home basis, while selling and marketing costs are expensed as incurred. Cost of home closings includes the specific construction costs of the home and all related allocated land acquisition, land development and other common costs (both incurred and estimated to be incurred) that are allocated based upon the total number of homes expected to be closed in each community or phase. Any changes to the estimated total development costs of a community or phase are allocated to the remaining homes in that community or phase. When a home closes, we may have incurred costs for goods and services that have not yet been paid. We accrue a liability to capture such obligations in connection with the home closing which is charged directly to Cost of home closings.
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We capitalize qualifying interest to inventory during the development and construction periods. Capitalized interest is included in cost of closings when the related inventory is closed. Included within our real estate inventory is land held for development and land held for sale. Land held for development primarily represents land and land development costs related to land where development activity is not currently underway but is expected to begin in the future. For these parcels, we have chosen not to currently develop certain land holdings as they typically represent a portion or phases of a larger land parcel that we plan to build out over several years. We do not capitalize interest for these inactive assets, and all ongoing costs of land ownership (i.e. property taxes, homeowner association dues, etc.) are expensed as incurred.
We rely on certain estimates to determine our construction and land development costs. Construction and land costs are comprised of direct and allocated costs, including estimated future costs. In determining these costs, we compile project budgets that are based on a variety of assumptions, including future construction schedules and costs to be incurred. Actual results can differ from budgeted amounts for various reasons, including construction delays, labor or material shortages, absorptions that differ from our expectations, increases in costs that have not yet been committed, changes in governmental requirements, or other unanticipated issues, including weather, encountered during construction and development and other factors beyond our control. To address uncertainty in these budgets, we assess, update and revise project budgets on a regular basis, utilizing the most current information available to estimate home construction and land development costs.
Typically, a community's life cycle ranges from three to five years, commencing with the acquisition of the land, continuing through the land development phase, if applicable, and concluding with the sale, construction and closing of the homes. Actual community lives will vary based on the size of the community, the sales orders absorption rates and whether the land purchased was raw, partially-developed or in finished status. Master-planned communities encompassing several phases and super-block land parcels may have significantly longer lives and projects involving smaller finished lot purchases may be significantly shorter.
All of our land inventory and related real estate assets are periodically reviewed for recoverability when certain criteria are met, but at least annually, as our inventory is considered “long-lived” in accordance with GAAP. Community-level reviews are performed quarterly to determine if indicators of potential impairment exist. If indicators of potential impairment exist and the undiscounted cash flows expected to be generated by an asset are lower than its carrying amount, impairment charges are recorded to write down the asset to its estimated fair value. The impairment of a community is allocated to each remaining lot in the community on a straight-line basis. Our determination of fair value is based on projections and estimates. Changes in these expectations may lead to a change in the outcome of our impairment analysis, and actual results may also differ from our assumptions. See Note 2 for additional information related to real estate.
Deposits. Deposits paid related to land option and purchase contracts are recorded and classified as Deposits on real estate under option or contract until the related land is purchased. Deposits are reclassified as a component of Real estate at the time the deposit is used to offset the acquisition price of the land based on the terms of the underlying agreements. To the extent they are non-refundable, deposits are expensed to Cost of home closings if the land acquisition is terminated or no longer considered probable. Since our acquisition contracts typically do not require specific performance, we do not consider such contracts to be contractual obligations to purchase the land and our total exposure under such contracts is limited to the loss of any non-refundable deposits and any ancillary capitalized costs. Our Deposits on real estate under option or contract were $88.4 million and $90.7 million as of September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively.
Goodwill. In accordance with ASC 350, Intangibles, Goodwill and Other ("ASC 350"), we analyze goodwill on an annual basis (or whenever indication of impairment exists) through a qualitative assessment to determine whether it is necessary to perform a goodwill impairment test. ASC 350 states that an entity may assess qualitative factors to determine whether it is necessary to perform a goodwill impairment test. Such qualitative factors include: (1) macroeconomic conditions, such as a deterioration in general economic conditions, (2) industry and market considerations such as deterioration in the environment in which the entity operates, (3) cost factors such as increases in raw materials, labor costs, etc., and (4) overall financial performance such as negative or declining cash flows or a decline in actual or planned revenue or earnings. If the qualitative analysis determines that additional impairment testing is required, a two-step impairment test in accordance with ASC 350 would be initiated. We continually evaluate our qualitative inputs to assess whether events and circumstances have occurred that indicate the goodwill balance may not be recoverable. See Note 9 for additional information on our goodwill assets.
Leases. We lease certain office space and equipment for use in our operations. We assess each of these contracts to determine whether the arrangement contains a lease as defined by ASC 842, Leases ("ASC 842"). In order to meet the definition of a lease under ASC 842, the contractual arrangement must convey to us the right to control the use of an identifiable asset for a period of time in exchange for consideration. Leases that meet the criteria of ASC 842 are recorded on our balance sheets as right-of-use ("ROU") assets and lease liabilities. ROU assets are classified within Prepaids, other assets and goodwill on the accompanying unaudited consolidated balance sheets, while lease liabilities are classified within Accrued liabilities on the accompanying unaudited consolidated balance sheets.
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The table below outlines our ROU assets and lease liabilities (in thousands):
As of
September 30, 2022December 31, 2021
ROU assets$19,961 $21,038 
Lease liabilities23,998 26,171 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements - Joint Ventures. We may participate in land development joint ventures as a means of accessing larger parcels of land and lot positions, expanding our market opportunities, managing our risk profile and leveraging our capital base, although our participation in such ventures is currently limited. See Note 4 for additional discussion of our investments in unconsolidated entities.
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements - Other. In the normal course of business, we may acquire lots from various development entities pursuant to purchase and option agreements. The purchase price generally approximates the market price at the date the contract is executed (with possible future escalators) and may have staggered purchase schedules. See Note 3 for additional information on these off-balance sheet arrangements.
Surety Bonds and Letters of Credit. We provide surety bonds and letters of credit in support of our obligations relating to the development of our projects and other corporate purposes in lieu of cash deposits. The amount of these obligations outstanding at any time varies depending on the stage and level of our development activities. Bonds are generally not wholly released until all development activities under the bond are complete. In the event a bond or letter of credit is drawn upon, we would be obligated to reimburse the issuer for any amounts advanced under the bond or letter of credit. We believe it is unlikely that any significant amounts of these bonds or letters of credit will be drawn upon.
The table below outlines our surety bond and letter of credit obligations (in thousands):
As of
 September 30, 2022December 31, 2021
 OutstandingEstimated work
remaining to
complete
OutstandingEstimated work
remaining to
complete
Sureties:
Sureties related to owned projects and lots under contract$852,017 $528,510 $620,297 $352,152 
Total Sureties$852,017 $528,510 $620,297 $352,152 
Letters of Credit (“LOCs”):
LOCs for land development54,799 N/A57,396 N/A
LOCs for general corporate operations5,000 N/A5,000 N/A
Total LOCs$59,799 N/A$62,396 N/A

Accrued Liabilities. Accrued liabilities at September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021 consisted of the following (in thousands):
As of
 September 30, 2022December 31, 2021
Accruals related to real estate development and construction activities$158,552 $115,214 
Payroll and other benefits84,062 102,773 
Accrued interest21,383 5,556 
Accrued taxes12,634 37,297 
Warranty reserves31,715 26,264 
Lease liabilities23,998 26,171 
Other accruals21,168 24,002 
Total$353,512 $337,277 

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Warranty Reserves. We provide home purchasers with limited warranties against certain building defects and we have certain obligations related to those post-construction warranties for closed homes. The specific terms and conditions of these limited warranties vary by state, but overall the nature of the warranties include a complete workmanship and materials warranty for the first year after the close of the home, a major mechanical warranty for two years after the close of the home and a structural warranty that typically extends up to 10 years after the close of the home. With the assistance of an actuary, we have estimated these reserves for the structural warranty based on the number of homes still under warranty and historical data and trends for our communities. We may use industry data with respect to similar product types and geographic areas in markets where our experience is incomplete to draw a meaningful conclusion. We regularly review our warranty reserves and adjust them, as necessary, to reflect changes in trends as information becomes available. Based on such reviews of warranty costs incurred, we did not adjust the warranty reserve balance in the three or nine months ended September 30, 2022 or 2021. Included in the warranty reserve balances at September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021 reflected in the table below are case-specific reserves for warranty matters, as discussed in Note 15.
A summary of changes in our warranty reserves follows (in thousands):
 Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
 2022202120222021
Balance, beginning of period$31,437 $25,065 $26,264 $23,743 
Additions to reserve from new home deliveries5,583 4,442 15,419 12,766 
Warranty claims(5,305)(2,956)(9,968)
(1)
(9,958)
Adjustments to pre-existing reserves    
Balance, end of period$31,715 $26,551 $31,715 $26,551 
(1)    Net of recoveries for costs incurred over several years on a foundation design and performance matter that affected a single community in Texas.
Warranty reserves are included in Accrued liabilities on the accompanying unaudited consolidated balance sheets, and additions and adjustments to the reserves are included in Cost of home closings within the accompanying unaudited consolidated income statements. These reserves are intended to cover costs associated with our contractual and statutory warranty obligations, which include, among other items, claims involving defective workmanship and materials. We believe that our total reserves, coupled with our contractual relationships and rights with our trades and the insurance we and our trades maintain, are sufficient to cover our general warranty obligations. However, unanticipated changes in legal, weather, environmental or other conditions could have an impact on our actual warranty costs, and future costs could differ significantly from our estimates.
Revenue Recognition. In accordance with ASC 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, we apply the following steps in determining the timing and amount of revenue to recognize: (1) identify the contract with our customer; (2) identify the performance obligation(s) in the contract; (3) determine the transaction price; (4) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract, if applicable; and (5) recognize revenue when (or as) we satisfy the performance obligations. The performance obligations and subsequent revenue recognition for our three sources of revenue are outlined below:
Revenue from home closings is recognized when closings have occurred, the risks and rewards of ownership are transferred to the buyer, and we have no continuing involvement with the property, which is generally upon the close of escrow. Revenue is reported net of any discounts and incentives.
Revenue from land closings is recognized when a significant down payment is received, title passes, and collectability of the receivable, if any, is reasonably assured, and we have no continuing involvement with the property, which is generally upon the close of escrow.
Revenue from financial services is recognized when closings have occurred and all financial services have been rendered, which is generally upon the close of escrow.
Home closing and land closing revenue expected to be recognized in any future year related to remaining performance obligations (if any) and the associated contract liabilities expected to be recognized as revenue, excluding revenue pertaining to contracts that have an original expected duration of one year or less, is not material. Revenue from financial services includes estimated future insurance policy renewal commissions as our performance obligations are satisfied upon issuance of the initial policy with a third party broker. The related contract assets for these estimated future renewal commissions are not material at September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021. Our three sources of revenue are disaggregated by type in the accompanying unaudited consolidated income statements.
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Recent Accounting Pronouncements.
There are no recent accounting pronouncements that are expected to have a material impact on our financial statements or financial statement disclosures.

NOTE 2 — REAL ESTATE AND CAPITALIZED INTEREST
Real estate consists of the following (in thousands):
As of
September 30, 2022December 31, 2021
Homes under contract under construction (1)
$1,452,691 $1,039,822 
Unsold homes, completed and under construction (1)
986,862 484,999 
Model homes (1)
87,550 81,049 
Finished home sites and home sites under development (2) (3)
2,199,159 2,128,538 
Total$4,726,262 $3,734,408 

(1)Includes the allocated land and land development costs associated with each lot for these homes.
(2)Includes raw land, land held for development and land held for sale, less impairments, if any. We do not capitalize interest for inactive assets, and all ongoing costs of land ownership (i.e. property taxes, homeowner association dues, etc.) are expensed as incurred.
(3)Includes land held for sale of $62.2 million and $62.1 million as of September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively.
Subject to sufficient qualifying assets, we capitalize our development period interest costs incurred to applicable qualifying assets in connection with our real estate development and construction activities. Capitalized interest is allocated to active real estate when incurred and charged to Cost of closings when the related property is delivered. A summary of our capitalized interest is as follows (in thousands):
 Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
 2022202120222021
Capitalized interest, beginning of period$61,459 $56,710 $56,253 $58,940 
Interest incurred15,179 15,212 45,563 47,625 
Interest expensed (79)(41)(246)
Interest amortized to cost of home and land closings(14,548)(14,550)(39,685)(49,026)
Capitalized interest, end of period$62,090 $57,293 $62,090 $57,293 

NOTE 3 — VARIABLE INTEREST ENTITIES AND CONSOLIDATED REAL ESTATE NOT OWNED
We enter into purchase and option agreements for land or lots as part of the normal course of business. These purchase and option agreements enable us to acquire properties at one or multiple future dates at pre-determined prices. We believe these acquisition structures allow us to better leverage our balance sheet and reduce our financial risk associated with land acquisitions. In accordance with ASC 810, Consolidation, we evaluate all purchase and option agreements for land to determine whether they are a variable interest entity ("VIE"), and if so, whether we are the primary beneficiary. Although we do not have legal title to the underlying land, if we are the primary beneficiary we are required to consolidate the VIE in our financial statements and reflect such assets and liabilities as Real estate not owned and Liabilities related to real estate not owned, respectively. As a result of our analyses, we determined that as of September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, we were not the primary beneficiary of any VIEs from which we have acquired rights to land or lots under option contracts.
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The table below presents a summary of our lots under option at September 30, 2022 (dollars in thousands): 
Projected Number
of Lots
Purchase
Price
Option/
Earnest  Money
Deposits–Cash
Purchase and option contracts recorded on balance sheet as Real estate not owned $ $ 
Option contracts — non-refundable deposits, committed (1)
9,989 558,694 58,154 
Purchase contracts — non-refundable deposits, committed (1)
8,427 243,038 19,508 
Purchase and option contracts —refundable deposits, committed2,102 52,787 1,105 
Total committed 20,518 854,519 78,767 
Purchase and option contracts — refundable deposits, uncommitted (2)
22,524 743,757 9,661 
Total lots under contract or option43,042 $1,598,276 $88,428 
Total purchase and option contracts not recorded on balance sheet (3)
43,042 $1,598,276 $88,428 (4)
 
(1)Deposits are non-refundable except if certain contractual conditions are not performed by the selling party.
(2)Deposits are refundable at our sole discretion. We have not completed our acquisition evaluation process and we have not internally committed to purchase these lots.
(3)Except for our specific performance contracts recorded on the accompanying unaudited consolidated balance sheets as Real estate not owned (if any), none of our purchase or option contracts require us to purchase lots.
(4)Amount is reflected on the accompanying unaudited consolidated balance sheets in Deposits on real estate under option or contract as of September 30, 2022.
Generally, our options to purchase lots remain effective so long as we purchase a pre-established minimum number of lots each month or quarter, as determined by the respective agreement. Although the pre-established number is typically structured to approximate our expected rate of home construction starts, during a weakened homebuilding market, we may purchase lots at an absorption level that exceeds our expected orders and home starts pace to meet the pre-established minimum number of lots or restructure our original contract to terms that more accurately reflect our revised orders pace expectations. During a strong homebuilding market, we may accelerate our pre-established minimum purchases if allowed by the contract.

NOTE 4 - INVESTMENTS IN UNCONSOLIDATED ENTITIES
We may enter into joint ventures as a means of accessing larger parcels of land, expanding our market opportunities, managing our risk profile, optimizing deal structure for the impacted parties and leveraging our capital. While purchasing land through a joint venture can be beneficial, currently we do not view joint ventures as critical to the success of our homebuilding operations. Our joint venture partners generally are other homebuilders, land sellers or other real estate investors. We generally do not have a controlling interest in these ventures, which means our joint venture partners could cause the venture to take actions we disagree with or fail to take actions we believe should be undertaken, including the sale of the underlying property to repay debt or recoup all or part of the partners' investments. Based on the structure of these joint ventures, they may or may not be consolidated into our results. As of September 30, 2022, we had two active equity-method land joint ventures and one mortgage joint venture, which is engaged in mortgage activities and primarily provides services to our homebuyers.

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Summarized condensed combined financial information related to unconsolidated joint ventures that are accounted for using the equity method was as follows (in thousands):
As of
September 30, 2022December 31, 2021
Assets:
Cash
$2,768 $7,983 
Real estate
17,628 7,989 
Other assets
7,844 3,903 
Total assets$28,240 $19,875 
Liabilities and equity:
Accounts payable and other liabilities$6,870 $7,899 
Equity of:
Meritage (1)
10,195 4,752 
Other11,175 7,224 
Total liabilities and equity$28,240 $19,875 
 
 Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
 2022202120222021
Revenue$12,083 $10,070 $31,161 $29,173 
Costs and expenses(9,535)(8,171)(25,743)(24,700)
Net earnings of unconsolidated entities$2,548 $1,899 $5,418 $4,473 
Meritage’s share of pre-tax earnings (1) (2)
$1,558 $1,071 $3,750 $2,878 

(1)Balance represents Meritage’s interest, as reflected in the financial records of the respective joint ventures. This balance may differ from the balance reported in the accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements due to the following reconciling items: (i) timing differences for revenue and distributions recognition, (ii) step-up basis and corresponding amortization, (iii) capitalization of interest on qualified assets, (iv) income deferrals as discussed in Note (2) below and (v) the cessation of allocation of losses from joint ventures in which we have previously written down our investment balance to zero and where we have no commitment to fund additional losses.
(2)Our share of pre-tax earnings from our mortgage joint venture is recorded in Earnings from financial services unconsolidated entities and other, net on the accompanying unaudited consolidated income statements. Our share of pre-tax earnings from all other joint ventures is recorded in Other (expense)/income, net on the accompanying unaudited consolidated income statements and excludes joint venture profit related to lots we purchased from the joint ventures, if any. Such profit is deferred until homes are delivered by us and title passes to a homebuyer.

NOTE 5 — LOANS PAYABLE AND OTHER BORROWINGS
Loans payable and other borrowings consist of the following (in thousands):
As of
September 30, 2022December 31, 2021
Other borrowings, real estate notes payable (1)
$12,460 $17,552 
$780.0 million unsecured revolving credit facility
  
Total$12,460 $17,552 
(1)Reflects balance of non-recourse notes payable in connection with land purchases.
The Company entered into an amended and restated unsecured revolving credit facility ("Credit Facility") in 2014 that has been amended from time to time. In December 2021, the Credit Facility was amended to extend the maturity date to December 22, 2026 and replace LIBOR as the benchmark interest rate with the Secured Overnight Financing Rate ("SOFR") as described below. The Credit Facility's aggregate commitment is $780.0 million with an accordion feature permitting the size of the
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facility to increase to a maximum of $880.0 million, subject to certain conditions, including the availability of additional bank commitments. Borrowings under the Credit Facility bear interest at the Company's option, at either (1) term SOFR (based on 1, 3, or 6 month interest periods, as selected by the Company) plus a 10 basis point adjustment plus an applicable margin (ranging from 125 basis points to 175 basis points (the "applicable margin")) based on the Company's leverage ratio as determined in accordance with a pricing grid, (2) the higher of (i) the prime lending rate ("Prime"), (ii) an overnight bank rate plus 50 basis points and (iii) term SOFR (based on a 1 month interest period) plus a 10 basis point adjustment plus 1%, in each case plus a margin ranging from 25 basis points to 75 basis points based on the Company's leverage in accordance with a pricing grid, or (3) daily simple SOFR plus a 10 basis point adjustment plus the applicable margin. At September 30, 2022, the interest rate on outstanding borrowings under the Credit Facility would have been 4.390% per annum, calculated in accordance with option (1) discussed previously and using the 1 month term SOFR. We are obligated to pay a fee on the undrawn portion of the Credit Facility at a rate equal to the applicable margin then in effect.
The Credit Facility also contains certain financial covenants, including (a) a minimum tangible net worth requirement of $1.9 billion (which amount is subject to increase over time based on subsequent earnings and proceeds from equity offerings), and (b) a maximum leverage covenant that prohibits the leverage ratio (as defined therein) from exceeding 60%. In addition, we are required to maintain either (i) an interest coverage ratio (EBITDA to interest expense, as defined therein) of at least 1.50 to 1.00 or (ii) liquidity (as defined therein) of an amount not less than our consolidated interest incurred during the trailing 12 months. We were in compliance with all Credit Facility covenants as of September 30, 2022.
We had no outstanding borrowings under the Credit Facility as of September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021. We had $40.0 million in borrowings and repayments during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022, and no borrowings or repayments during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021. As of September 30, 2022, we had outstanding letters of credit issued under the Credit Facility totaling $59.8 million, leaving $720.2 million available under the Credit Facility to be drawn.

NOTE 6 — SENIOR NOTES, NET
Senior notes, net consist of the following (in thousands):
As of
September 30, 2022December 31, 2021
6.00% senior notes due 2025. At September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021 there was approximately $2,182 and $2,795 in net unamortized premium, respectively.
402,182 402,795 
5.125% senior notes due 2027
300,000 300,000 
3.875% senior notes due 2029
450,000 450,000 
Net debt issuance costs(8,868)(10,309)
Total$1,143,314 $1,142,486 
The indentures for all of our senior notes contain non-financial covenants including, among others, limitations on the amount of secured debt we may incur, and limitations on sale and leaseback transactions and mergers. We were in compliance with all such covenants as of September 30, 2022.
Obligations to pay principal and interest on the senior notes are guaranteed by substantially all of our wholly-owned subsidiaries (each a “Guarantor” and, collectively, the “Guarantor Subsidiaries”), each of which is directly or indirectly 100% owned by Meritage Homes Corporation. Such guarantees are full and unconditional, and joint and several. In the event of a sale or other disposition of all of the assets of any Guarantor, by way of merger, consolidation or otherwise, or a sale or other disposition of all of the equity interests of any Guarantor then held by Meritage and its subsidiaries, then that Guarantor may be released and relieved of any obligations under its note guarantee. There are no significant restrictions on our ability or the ability of any Guarantor to obtain funds from their respective subsidiaries, as applicable, by dividend or loan. We do not provide separate financial statements of the Guarantor Subsidiaries because Meritage (the parent company) has no independent assets or operations and the guarantees are full and unconditional and joint and several. Subsidiaries of Meritage Homes Corporation that are non-guarantor subsidiaries are, individually and in the aggregate, minor.
In April 2021, we completed an offering of $450.0 million aggregate principal amount of 3.875% Senior Notes due 2029. We used a portion of the net proceeds from this offering to redeem all $300.0 million aggregate principal outstanding of our 7.00% Senior Notes due 2022, incurring $18.2 million in early debt extinguishment charges in the nine months ended September 30, 2021, reflected as Loss on early extinguishment of debt in the accompanying unaudited consolidated income statements.
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NOTE 7 — FAIR VALUE DISCLOSURES
ASC 820-10, Fair Value Measurement ("ASC 820"), defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value and addresses required disclosures about fair value measurements. This standard establishes a three-level hierarchy for fair value measurements based upon the significant inputs used to determine fair value. Observable inputs are those which are obtained from market participants external to the Company while unobservable inputs are generally developed internally, utilizing management’s estimates, assumptions and specific knowledge of the assets/liabilities and related markets. The three levels are defined as follows:
Level 1 — Valuation is based on quoted prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities.
Level 2 — Valuation is determined from quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar instruments in markets that are not active, or by model-based techniques in which all significant inputs are observable in the market.
Level 3 — Valuation is derived from model-based techniques in which at least one significant input is unobservable and based on the company’s own estimates about the assumptions that market participants would use to value the asset or liability.
If the only observable inputs are from inactive markets or for transactions which the Company evaluates as “distressed”, the use of Level 1 inputs should be modified by the Company to properly address these factors, or the reliance of such inputs may be limited, with a greater weight attributed to Level 3 inputs.
Financial Instruments: The fair value of our fixed-rate debt is derived from quoted market prices by independent dealers (Level 2 inputs as per the discussion above) and is as follows (in thousands):
As of
 September 30, 2022December 31, 2021
 Aggregate
Principal
Estimated  Fair
Value
Aggregate
Principal
Estimated  Fair
Value
6.00% senior notes due 2025
$400,000 $388,000 $400,000 $446,520 
5.125% senior notes due 2027
$300,000 $267,000 $300,000 $329,640 
3.875% senior notes due 2029
$450,000 $357,750 $450,000 $472,500 
Due to the short-term nature of other financial assets and liabilities, including our Loans payable and other borrowings, we consider the carrying amounts of our other short-term financial instruments to approximate fair value.

NOTE 8 — EARNINGS PER SHARE
Basic and diluted earnings per common share were calculated as follows (in thousands, except per share amounts):
 
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
2022202120222021
Basic weighted average number of shares outstanding36,569 37,647 36,736 37,703 
Effect of dilutive securities:
Unvested restricted stock377 582 400 582 
Diluted average shares outstanding36,946 38,229 37,136 38,285 
Net earnings$262,489 $200,752 $729,827 $499,984 
Basic earnings per share$7.18 $5.33 $19.87 $13.26 
Diluted earnings per share$7.10 $5.25 $19.65 $13.06 
 

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NOTE 9 — ACQUISITIONS AND GOODWILL
Goodwill. In prior years, we have entered new markets through the acquisition of the homebuilding assets and operations of local/regional homebuilders in Georgia, South Carolina and Tennessee. As a result of these transactions, we recorded approximately $33.0 million of goodwill. Goodwill represents the excess purchase price of our acquisitions over the fair value of the net assets acquired. Our acquisitions were recorded in accordance with ASC 805, Business Combinations, and ASC 820, using the acquisition method of accounting. The purchase price for acquisitions was allocated based on estimated fair value of the assets and liabilities at the date of the acquisition. The combined excess purchase price of our acquisitions over the fair value of the net assets is classified as goodwill and is included in our unaudited consolidated balance sheets in Prepaids, other assets and goodwill. In accordance with ASC 350, we assess the recoverability of goodwill annually, or more frequently, if impairment indicators are present.

A summary of the carrying amount of goodwill follows (in thousands):
WestCentralEastFinancial ServicesCorporateTotal
Balance at December 31, 2021$ $ $32,962 $ $ $32,962 
Additions      
Balance at September 30, 2022$ $ $32,962 $ $ $32,962 

NOTE 10 — STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
A summary of changes in stockholders’ equity is presented below (in thousands): 
 Nine Months Ended September 30, 2022
 (In thousands)
 Number of
Shares
Common
Stock
Additional
Paid-In
Capital
Retained
Earnings
Total
Balance at December 31, 202137,341 $373 $414,841 $2,629,175 $3,044,389 
Net earnings— — — 217,254 217,254 
Stock-based compensation expense— — 5,975 — 5,975 
Issuance of stock392 4 (4)—  
Share repurchases(1,038)(10)(99,293)— (99,303)
Balance at March 31, 202236,695 $367 $321,519 $2,846,429 $3,168,315 
Net earnings— — — 250,084 250,084 
Stock-based compensation expense— — 4,070 — 4,070 
Share repurchases(128)(1)(9,999)— (10,000)
Balance at June 30, 202236,567 $366 $315,590 $3,096,513 $3,412,469 
Net earnings— — — 262,489 262,489 
Stock-based compensation expense— — 6,852 — 6,852 
Issuance of stock4 — — —  
Share repurchases —  —  
Balance at September 30, 202236,571 $366 $322,442 $3,359,002 $3,681,810 

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 Nine Months Ended September 30, 2021
 (In thousands)
 Number of
Shares
Common
Stock
Additional
Paid-In
Capital
Retained
Earnings
Total
Balance at December 31, 202037,512 $375 $455,762 $1,891,731 $2,347,868 
Net earnings— — — 131,843 131,843 
Stock-based compensation expense— — 5,367 — 5,367 
Issuance of stock435 4 (4)—  
Share repurchases(100)(1)(8,384)— (8,385)
Balance at March 31, 202137,847 $378 $452,741 $2,023,574 $2,476,693 
Net earnings— — — 167,389 167,389 
Stock-based compensation expense— — 3,223 — 3,223 
Share repurchases(200)(2)(19,159)— (19,161)
Balance at June 30, 202137,647 — 376 — 436,805 — 2,190,963 — 2,628,144 
Net earnings— — — 200,752 200,752 
Stock-based compensation expense— — 5,845 — 5,845 
Issuance of stock3   —